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1

Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 – 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards. METHODS:

Cheryl R Clark; Ichiro Kawachi; Louise Ryan; Karen Ertel; Martha E Fay; Lisa F Berkman

2009-01-01

2

Sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability in middle-aged and older adults  

PubMed Central

Objective: to identify sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability. Design: prospective. Setting: population-based sample of community-dwelling older persons. Participants: community-living middle-aged and older persons (age: 50–85 years) without baseline mobility disability (n = 622). Measurements: mobility disability, defined as self-reported inability to walk a quarter mile without resting or inability to walk up a flight of stairs unsupported, was ascertained at baseline and 3-year follow-up. Potential baseline determinant characteristics included demographics, education, social support, financial condition, knee extensor strength, visual contrast sensitivity, cognition, depression, presence of chronic conditions and history of falls. Results: a total of 13.5% participant reported 3-year incident mobility disability. Age ?75 years, female sex, knee extensor strength in the lowest quartile, visual contrast sensitivity <1.7 on the Pelli-Robson chart or significant depressive symptoms (CESD score >16) were independent determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability (ORs 1.84–16.51). Conclusions: low visual contrast sensitivity, poor knee extensor strength and significant depressive symptoms are independent determinants of future onset of mobility disability. PMID:24042004

Deshpande, Nandini; Metter, Jeffrey E.; Guralnik, Jack; Bandinelli, Stefania; Ferrucci, Luigi

2014-01-01

3

Comparison of Assessment Results of Children with Low Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a research study that assessed young children with a low incidence disability, specifically Cri-du-Chat Syndrome (CDSC). A description of the concerns of assessing individuals with low incidence disabilities is described. Parent reports (using the Development Observation Checklist System) on the functioning of their children…

Campbell, Dennis J.; Reilly, AmySue; Henley, Joan

2008-01-01

4

Incidence of Dementia in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dementia may be more common in older adults with intellectual disability (ID) than in the general population. The increased risk for Alzheimer's disease in people with Down syndrome (DS) is well established, but much less is known about dementia in adults with ID who do not have DS. We estimated incidence rates from a longitudinal study of…

Strydom, Andre; Chan, Trevor; King, Michael; Hassiotis, Angela; Livingston, Gill

2013-01-01

5

Designing a Mobile Survey Application for People with Cognitive Disabilities  

E-print Network

. The community of researchers developing technologies for people with cognitive disabilities has begun to create.g., [3]). In our development effort, researchers investigating cognitive disabilities enlighten to develop a mobile questionnaire application for people with moderate to severe cognitive disabilities

McCrickard, Scott

6

MAJOR MOBILITY DISABILITY-ASSESSMENT AND BASELINE PERFORMANCE IN LIFE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Major mobility disability has previously been defined by self-reported inability to walk ¼ mile. Observed inability to walk 400 meters provides a valid and objective disability endpoint for clinical trials that is relevant to community walking, future advanced disability and mortality. LIFE particip...

7

Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older community-dwelling adults: the Three-City Study  

PubMed Central

Context Disability is a common condition in the elderly and has been associated with prevalent coronary heart disease (CHD) and with shorter longevity. However, whether disability predicts the occurrence of CHD has been less studied. Objective To prospectively assess the association between disability and incident fatal and non-fatal CHD among older adults free of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Design and Settings: The Three-City (3C) Study is a French multicentre prospective population-based cohort of 9294 elderly subjects (3469 men and 5645 women) aged 65 and over at baseline between 1999 to 2001 and followed-up during 6 years. Participants 7354 participants with no history of CVD and with available information on disability status. Disability was assessed at baseline with a three levels of a hierarchical scale : no disability, mild disability (mobility only), moderate or severe disability (mobility plus activities of daily living and/or instrumental activities of daily living). Main Outcome Measure Incident fatal and non-fatal coronary events (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, revascularization procedures and CHD death). Results At baseline, the mean level of the risk factors increased gradually with the severity of disability. After a median follow-up of 5.2 years, 264 first coronary events including 55 fatal events occurred. Participants with moderate or severe disability had a 1.8-fold (95%CI: 1.1–2.9) increased risk of overall CHD compared to non-disabled subjects in multivariate analysis, while those with mild disability were not at increased CHD risk. The association was found for fatal CHD only, for which the risk increased gradually with the severity of disability (mild disability: HR = 1.8, 95%CI: 0.9–3.8; moderate/severe disability: HR = 4.5, 95%CI: 1.8–11.3; p for trend = 0.002). Conclusion These data suggest that the association of disability with incident CHD is mostly due to an association with fatal CHD in community-dwelling elderly subjects. PMID:20345869

Plichart, Matthieu; Barberger-Gateau, Pascale; Tzourio, Christophe; Amouyel, Philippe; Pérès, Karine; Ritchie, Karen; Jouven, Xavier; Ducimetière, Pierre; Empana, Jean-Philippe

2010-01-01

8

Brief Report: A Growth Mixture Model of Occupational Aspirations of Individuals with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A previous longitudinal study of the occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities revealed multiple longitudinal patterns for individuals with learning disabilities or emotional-behavioral disorders. Growth mixture modeling was used to determine whether individuals in these two high-incidence disabilities groups (N =…

Lee, In Heok; Rojewski, Jay W.

2013-01-01

9

Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

Mansha Mirza

2011-01-01

10

The Prevalence and Incidence of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence, and incidence, of mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities and autism were compared with\\u000a the whole population with intellectual disabilities, and with controls, matched individually for age, gender, ability-level,\\u000a and Down syndrome. Although the adults with autism had a higher point prevalence of problem behaviours compared with the whole\\u000a adult population with intellectual disabilities, compared with individually

Craig A. Melville; Sally-Ann Cooper; Jill Morrison; Elita Smiley; Linda Allan; Alison Jackson; Janet Finlayson; Dipali Mantry

2008-01-01

11

The Prevalence and Incidence of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence, and incidence, of mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities and autism were compared with the whole population with intellectual disabilities, and with controls, matched individually for age, gender, ability-level, and Down syndrome. Although the adults with autism had a higher point prevalence of problem…

Melville, Craig A.; Cooper, Sally-Ann; Morrison, Jill; Smiley, Elita; Allan, Linda; Jackson, Alison; Finlayson, Janet; Mantry, Dipali

2008-01-01

12

Community-Based Summer Work Experiences of Adolescents with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although summer offers a natural context for adolescents to gain community-based work experience, little is known about the extent to which youth with disabilities are accessing these transition-related opportunities. We examined the summer employment experiences of 220 youth with high-incidence disabilities at two time points. Although more than…

Carter, Erik W.; Trainor, Audrey A.; Ditchman, Nicole; Swedeen, Beth; Owens, Laura

2011-01-01

13

Prospective Analyses of Childhood Factors and Antisocial Behavior for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This prospective longitudinal study investigated the association between childhood factors (individual, family, and school characteristics) and later antisocial behavior (official juvenile delinquency and adult crime) for students identified with high-incidence disabilities (i.e., learning disabilities, emotional disturbance). The sample consisted…

Chen, Chin-Chih; Symons, Frank J.; Reynolds, Arthur J.

2011-01-01

14

[Accessibility for people with disabilities or permanent mobility restrictions to the Unified Health System].  

PubMed

The scope of this study was to monitor the access of persons with disabilities and permanent mobility restrictions to the Unified Health System in João Pessoa, State of Pernambuco. This is a descriptive field study, consisting of a random sample of 523 people with disabilities or permanent mobility restrictions. Data collection occurred between August 2007 and December 2008 and consisted of home interviews. The neuromusculoskeletal functions and those related to movement (52%) were among the most affected body functions, with a higher incidence among body structures related to movement (44.2%) and those of the nervous system (39.2%), with special emphasis on the high number of cases (14%) due to the sequelae from strokes. Among the respondents, 63.9% stated that there had not been sufficient and appropriate means to lessen the physical obstacles between their homes and the places where they received healthcare, and 41.7% claimed that there were no special facilities for the handicapped in the healthcare offices. Brazilian law ensures rights for people with disabilities, which were not broadly respected. Action is necessary to prevent the development of disabilities, especially those resulting from the sequelae from strokes. PMID:22872345

Amaral, Fabienne Louise Juvêncio dos Santos; Holanda, Cristina Marques de Almeida; Quirino, Maria Aparecida Bezerra; Nascimento, João Paulo da Silva; Neves, Robson da Fonseca; Ribeiro, Kátia Suely Queiroz Silva; Alves, Simone Bezerra

2012-07-01

15

Intermediate Work Outcomes for Adolescents with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal sample from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 was used to determine differences in work outcomes between (a) individuals with learning disabilities or emotional-behavior disorders and (b) individuals with or without disabilities. Twelve factors were arranged into individual, family, school-peer, and community categories.…

Rojewski, Jay W.; Lee, In Heok; Gregg, Noel

2014-01-01

16

Effect of structured physical activity on prevention of major mobility disability in older adults: the LIFE Study randomized clinical trial  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Importance In older adults reduced mobility is common and is an independent risk factor for morbidity, hospitalization, disability, and mortality. Limited evidence suggests that physical activity may help prevent mobility disability; however, there are no definitive clinical trials examining if physical activity prevents or delays mobility disability. Objective To test the hypothesis that a long-term structured physical activity program is more effective than a health education program (also referred to as a successful aging program) in reducing the risk of major mobility disability. Design, Setting, and Participants The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, randomized trial that enrolled participants between February 2010 and December 2011, who participated for an average of 2.6 years. Follow-up ended in December 2013. Outcome assessors were blinded to the intervention assignment. Participants were recruited from urban, suburban and rural communities at 8 field centers throughout the US. We randomized a volunteer sample of 1,635 sedentary men and women aged 70–89 years who had physical limitations, defined as a score on the Short Physical Performance Battery of 9 or below, but were able to walk 400 m. Interventions Participants were randomized to a structured moderate intensity physical activity program (n=818) done in a center and at home that included including aerobic, resistance and flexibility training activities or to a health education program (n=817) consisting of workshops on topics relevant to older adults and upper extremity stretching exercises. Main Outcomes and Measures The primary outcome was major mobility disability objectively defined by loss of ability to walk 400 m. Results Incident major mobility disability occurred in 30.1% (n=246/818) of physical activity and 35.5% (n=290/817) of health education participants (HR=0.82, 95%CI=0.69–0.98, p=0.03). Persistent mobility disability was experienced by 120/818 (14.7%) physical activity and 162/817 (19.8%) health education participants (HR=0.72; 95%CI=0.57–0.91; p=0.006). Serious adverse events were reported by 404/818 (49.4%) of the physical activity and 373/817 (45.7%) of the health education participants (Risk Ratio=1.08; 95%CI=0.98–1.20). Conclusions and Relevance A structured moderate intensity physical activity program, compared with a health education program, reduced major mobility disability over 2.6 years among older adults at risk of disability. These findings suggest mobility benefit from such a program in vulnerable older adults. Registration ClinicalsTrials.gov identifier NCT01072500. PMID:24866862

Pahor, Marco; Guralnik, Jack M.; Ambrosius, Walter T.; Blair, Steven; Bonds, Denise E.; Church, Timothy S.; Espeland, Mark A.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Groessl, Erik J.; King, Abby C.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Manini, Todd M.; McDermott, Mary M.; Miller, Michael E.; Newman, Anne B.; Rejeski, W Jack; Sink, Kaycee M.; Williamson, Jeff D.

2014-01-01

17

Prevalence and incidence of health problems in people with intellectual disability.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of the most frequent chronic health problems in relation to age in people with intellectual disabilities living in residential facilities in the Netherlands. A prospective cohort study was done with four data collections, each with an interval of one year. Data were collected by means of questionnaires which were completed by each person's physician. Striking results included the reported high prevalence and incidence of visual and hearing impairment, which was even more pronounced in people with Down's syndrome than in people with intellectual disability resulting from other causes. Gastrointestinal problems also appeared to have high incidence rates. Dementia was frequently reported in people with Down's syndrome aged 40 years and older. The results reflect the need for a more predictive policy which can anticipate health problems in people with intellectual disability. PMID:9089458

van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, H M; van den Akker, M; Maaskant, M A; Haveman, M J; Urlings, H F; Kessels, A G; Crebolder, H F

1997-02-01

18

Factors Related to Hysterectomy in Women with Physical and Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to identify self-report data for hysterectomy prevalence and to explore its correlated factors among women with physical and mobility disabilities in Taiwan. This paper was part of a larger study, "Survey on Preventive Health Utilizations of People with Physical and Mobility Disability in Taiwan," which is a cross-sectional survey…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsieh, Molly; Chen, Si-Fan; Wu, Chia-Ling; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Jin-Ding

2012-01-01

19

Mobile arm for disabled people assistance Manipulability measure for redundancy solve  

E-print Network

1 Mobile arm for disabled people assistance Manipulability measure for redundancy solve KHIAR NAIT) is for object manipulation by upper limb disabled people with or without mobility. The system is composed with respect to needs. The application field concerns assistive robotics for object manipulation tasks. Works

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

Problem-Solving Model for Decision Making with High-Incidence Disabilities: The Minneapolis Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the problem-solving model (PSM) used in the Minneapolis Public Schools to guide decisions regarding intervention in general education, special education referral, and evaluation for special education eligibility for high-incidence disabilities. Program evaluation indicates students received special education services earlier…

Marston, Doug; Muyskens, Paul; Lau, Matthew; Canter, Andrea

2003-01-01

21

Prevalence and Incidence of Myocardial Infarction and Cerebrovascular Accident in Ageing Persons with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Epidemiological information on age-related cardiovascular disease in people with intellectual disability (ID) is scarce and inconclusive. We compared prevalence and incidence of cerebrovascular accident and myocardial infarction over age 50 in a residential population with ID to that in a general practice population. Method: Lifetime…

Jansen, J.; Rozeboom, W.; Penning, C.; Evenhuis, H. M.

2013-01-01

22

Sexuality and Developmental Disabilities: An Investigation of Sexual Incidents at Bernard Fineson Developmental Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the result of an investigation by the New York State Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled of the Bernard Fineson Developmental Center's policies and practices concerning sexual incidents among residents. It also raises broader issues about the meaning of consent when sexual activity involves persons with severe or…

New York State Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled, Albany.

23

Children Born to Women with Intellectual Disabilities--5-Year Incidence in a Swedish County  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Families with parental intellectual disabilities (ID) are likely to need support in achieving a decent family life. In order to accurately plan for such support services, society needs data regarding the occurrence of those parents and their children. The aim of this study was to investigate the 5-year incidence of children born to…

Weiber, I.; Berglund, J.; Tengland, P.-A.; Eklund, M.

2011-01-01

24

Prevalence of Weight Problems among Youth with High-Incidence Disabilities in Residential Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence of weight problems among youth in general and youth in out-of-home care has been well documented; however, the prevalence of obesity/overweight among youth with high-incidence disabilities in more restrictive settings, such as residential care, has not been assessed. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of…

Trout, Alexandra L.; Lambert, Matthew C.; Nelson, Timothy D.; Thompson, Ronald W.

2014-01-01

25

Development Patterns of Occupational Aspirations in Adolescents with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the longitudinal development of occupational aspiration prestige scores over a 12-year period (Grade 8 to 8 years postsecondary) to better understand this aspect of career choice from adolescence into adulthood for people with high-incidence disabilities. A curvilinear trajectory was detected where aspirations increased during…

Rojewski, Jay W.; Lee, In Heok; Gregg, Noel; Gemici, Sinan

2012-01-01

26

Incidence of road traffic disabilities trending upwards in transitional China: a retrospective analysis from 1980 to 2005  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the change in incidence rates of road traffic disabilities from 1980 to 2005 in China. Methods We employed the 2006 China National Sample Survey on Disability to derive weighted number of persons with disabilities resulting from road crashes and weighted age-gender-specific population at risk by disability occurrence year. The annual incidence rate of road traffic disabilities and corresponding 95% CI were estimated. We used the World Population Prospects (WPP) and the death rate of people with disabilities (PWD) to estimate potential earlier loss of lives before 2006. Both WPP-adjusted and PWD-adjusted incidence rates of road traffic disabilities were further adjusted using the life table analysis. Results The WPP-adjusted incidence rate for road traffic disabilities increased over time from 1.50 (95% CI 1.47 to 1.52) in 1980 to 11.19 (95% CI 11.13 to 11.25) per 100?000 persons in 2005. The PWD-adjusted incidence rate also increased from 1.71 (95% CI 1.68 to 1.73) to 11.51 (95% CI 11.45 to 11.57) per 100?000 persons. Conclusions Road crashes disable thousands of Chinese and remain a significant population health and development problem. The increasing burden of road traffic disabilities calls for more efforts and specific strategies to improve road safety in China. PMID:24833679

Liu, Lan; Du, Wei; Pang, Lihua; Chen, Gong; Zheng, Xiaoying

2014-01-01

27

Highly Mobile Children and Youth with Disabilities: Policies and Practices in Five States. inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document's primary focus is on a subset of the population of mobile children--infants, preschoolers, children and youth with disabilities and their families who are highly mobile. First, a background section provides information about policies and practices developed for mobile children at the federal level under the McKinney-Vento Program.…

Pierce, Luzanne; Ahearn, Eileen

2007-01-01

28

Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Monitor Community Participation of People with Mobility-Related Disabilities  

E-print Network

individuals with severe mobility-related disabilities. These individuals each used a personal digital assistant (PDA) device to keep track of their community participation activities. In Study 1, two participants enrolled and received an education and skills...

Gonda, Chiaki

2011-06-27

29

J Am Geriatr Soc . Author manuscript Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older community-dwelling  

E-print Network

J Am Geriatr Soc . Author manuscript Page /1 11 Disability and incident coronary heart disease & numerical data ; Female ; France ; epidemiology ; Geriatric Assessment ; Hospitalization ; statistics in the elderly J Am Geriatr Soc . Author

30

The Prevalence, Incidence, and Factors Predictive of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Profound Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There are no previous studies of the prevalence and incidence of mental ill-health in adults with profound intellectual disabilities. Method: In this population-based prospective cohort study, adults with profound intellectual disabilities underwent psychiatric assessment (n = 184), with further assessment after 2 years (n = 131).…

Cooper, Sally-Ann; Smiley, Elita; Finlayson, Janet; Jackson, Alison; Allan, Linda; Williamson, Andrew; Mantry, Dipali; Morrison, Jillian

2007-01-01

31

Online Reading Comprehension among Seventh Grade Students with High Incidence Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because research exploring how students with disabilities read and comprehend on the Internet is scarce, a mixed methods study was implemented to determine if Internet Reciprocal Teaching (IRT) is an effective intervention for improving online reading comprehension among seventh grade students with high-incidence disabilities in inclusive…

Robbins, Katherine R.

2010-01-01

32

Guidelines for Teaching Orientation and Mobility to Children with Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for teaching orientation and mobility skills to visually impaired children with additional disabilities focus on basic needs including the need to feel safe, the need for control, the need to be in contact with the physical environment, the need for some type of independent movement, and the need for meaningful mobility. (DB)

Perla, Fabiana; Ducret, Walter D.

1999-01-01

33

Mobile Arm for Disabled People Assistance Manipulability Analysis Khiar NAIT-CHABANE, Philippe HOPPENOT, Etienne COLLE  

E-print Network

Mobile Arm for Disabled People Assistance ­ Manipulability Analysis Khiar NAIT-CHABANE, Philippe@iup.univ-evry.fr Abstract In this paper, we present the influence of the presence of a mobile platform on manipulability of nonholonomic constraint on manipulability measure. Manipulability is a well-established tool for motion

Boyer, Edmond

34

Mobility Device Use in the United States. Disability Statistics Report 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides data on the use of mobility devices in the United States by providing a detailed profile of the population using these devices. It covers their demographic characteristics; health and disability status, including diagnoses and impairments, physical functioning, and activities of daily living; and health insurance status. The…

Kaye, H. Stephen; Kang, Taewoon; LaPlante, Michell P.

35

Obstacle Course Training Can Improve Mobility and Prevent Falls in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) constitute a special-needs population at high risk of falling. This is the first study to evaluate whether obstacle course training can improve mobility and prevent falls in this population. Methods: The intervention was implemented as part of an institution-wide health care improvement plan…

Van Hanegem, E.; Enkelaar, L.; Smulders, E.; Weerdesteyn, V.

2014-01-01

36

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

37

Autonomous mobile platform for enhanced situational awareness in Mass Casualty Incidents.  

PubMed

To enhance the efficiency of the search and rescue process of a Mass Casualty Incident, we introduce a low cost autonomous mobile platform. The mobile platform motion is controlled by an Android Smartphone mounted on a robot. The pictures and video captured by the Smartphone camera can significantly enhance the situational awareness of the incident commander leading to a more efficient search and rescue process. Moreover, the active RFID readers mounted on the mobile platform can improve the localization accuracy of victims in the disaster site in areas where the paramedics are not present, reducing the triage and evacuation time. PMID:25570104

Dongyi Yang; Schafer, James; Sili Wang; Ganz, Aura

2014-08-01

38

Mobility Stress Test Approach to Predicting Frailty, Disability, and Mortality In High Functioning Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Background A major challenge to developing primary preventive interventions for frailty and disability in older adults is lack of validated simple clinical tools to identify high-risk individuals without overt signs of poor health. Objectives To examine the validity of the Walking While Talking test (WWT), a mobility stress test, to predict frailty, disability and death in high functioning older adults. Design prospective cohort study. Setting Community sample. Participants 631 community-residing adults age 70 and older participating in the Einstein Aging Study (mean follow-up 32 months). High functioning status at baseline was defined as absence of disability, dementia, and normal walking speeds. Main outcome measures Hazard ratios for frailty, disability, and all-cause mortality. Frailty was defined as presence of three out of the following five attributes: weight loss, weakness, exhaustion, low physical activity and slow gait. We also compared predictive validity of WWT with Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) for study outcomes. Results 218 subjects developed frailty, 88 disability, and 49 died. Each 10 cm/s decrease in WWT speed was associated with increased risk of frailty (Hazard ratio 1.12, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.18), disability (Hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.03 ?1.23), and mortality (Hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.01 – 1.27). Most associations remained robust even after accounting for potential confounders and gait speed. Comparisons of HR and model fit suggest that WWT may better predict frailty whereas SPPB may better predict disability. Conclusion Mobility stress tests such as the WWT are robust predictors of risk of frailty, disability, and mortality in high functioning older adults. PMID:23002714

Verghese, Joe; Holtzer, Roee; Lipton, Richard B.; Wang, Cuiling

2012-01-01

39

Fix It with TAPE: Repurposing Technology to Be Assistive Technology for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how practitioners can repurpose technology--common and socially desirable technology in particular--to be assistive technology for students with high-incidence disabilities. The authors provide a framework for practitioners to consider technology for repurposing: TAPE (Transportable, Available, Practical, Engaging) and…

Bouck, Emily C.; Shurr, Jordan C.; Tom, Kinsey; Jasper, Andrea D.; Bassette, Laura; Miller, Bridget; Flanagan, Sara M.

2012-01-01

40

Incidence, Types and Characteristics of Aggressive Behaviour in Treatment Facilities for Adults with Mild Intellectual Disability and Severe Challenging Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Inpatient aggression in treatment facilities for persons with intellectual disability (ID) can have aversive consequences, for co-clients and staff, but also for the aggressors themselves. To manage and eventually prevent inpatient aggressive incidents, more knowledge about their types and characteristics is necessary. Method: In four…

Tenneij, N. H.; Koot, H. M.

2008-01-01

41

Health beliefs, low mood, and somatizing tendency: contribution to incidence and persistence of musculoskeletal pain with and without reported disability  

PubMed Central

Objective This study aims to investigate whether associations of psychological risk factors with the incidence and persistence of disabling musculoskeletal pain differ from those for non-disabling musculoskeletal pain. Methods As part of the international Cultural and Psychosocial Influences in Disability (CUPID) study, 1105 Spanish nurses and office workers were asked at baseline about health beliefs concerning pain, mental health, and somatizing tendency. Musculoskeletal pain in the past months at ten anatomical sites (back, neck, and left and right shoulder, elbow, wrist/hand, and knee) was ascertained at baseline and one year later. Pain was classed as disabling if it made one or more specified everyday activities difficult or impossible. Multilevel multinomial logistic regression modeling was used to explore associations of baseline risk factors with pain outcomes at follow-up, conditioned on pain status at baseline. Results A total of 971 participants (87.9%) completed follow-up. Among anatomical sites that were pain-free at baseline, the development of disabling musculoskeletal pain was predicted by pessimistic beliefs about pain prognosis [odds ratio (OR) 1.5, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.0–2.1], poor mental health (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.3–3.0), and somatizing tendency (OR 4.0, 95% CI 2.5–6.4). Adverse beliefs about prognosis were also associated with the transition from non-disabling to disabling musculoskeletal pain (OR 3.7, 95% CI 1.1–12.5) and the persistence of disabling musculoskeletal pain (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.2–5.5), which was already present at baseline. Associations with non-disabling musculoskeletal pain were weaker and less consistent. Conclusion Our findings suggest that established psychological risk factors relate principally to the disability that arises from musculoskeletal pain. PMID:23955508

Vargas-Prada, Sergio; Martínez, José Miguel; Coggon, David; Delclos, George; Benavides, Fernando G; Serra, Consol

2013-01-01

42

Evaluation of a mobile manipulator arm by disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

ARPH project deals with restoring object manipulating and grasping function for upper limb handicapped people. The system is a semi autonomous mobile arm manipulator designed keeping in mind specificities due to a close cooperation between human and machine. In order to take into account the diversity of situation three kinds of control modes are proposed to the user. The paper

Sébastien Delarue; Ornella Plos; Philippe Hoppenot; Etienne Colle

43

Mobile DIORAMA-II: Infrastructure less information collection system for mass casualty incidents.  

PubMed

In this paper we introduce DIORAMA-II system that provides real time information collection in mass casualty incidents. Using a mobile platform that includes active RFID tags and readers as well as Smartphones, the system can determine the location of victims and responders. The system provides user friendly multi dimensional user interfaces as well as collaboration tools between the responders and the incident commander. We conducted two simulated mass casualty incidents with 50 victims each and professional responders. DIORAMA-II significantly reduces the evacuation time by up to 43% when compared to paper based triage systems. All responders that participated in all trials were very satisfied. They felt in control of the incident and mentioned that the system significantly reduced their stress level during the incident. They all mentioned that they would use the system in an actual incident. PMID:25570543

Ganz, Aura; Schafer, James M; Zhuorui Yang; Jun Yi; Lord, Graydon; Ciottone, Gregory

2014-08-01

44

Accessing the General Education Math Curriculum for Secondary Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In all educational settings, youth with disabilities, particularly those with learning disability (LD) and emotional behavioral disability (EBD), frequently have difficulties in mathematics. For teachers to provide students with access to the grade-level curriculum, a reliance on empirically validated instruction is essential. In this paper, the…

Maccini, Paula; Strickland, Tricia; Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Malmgren, Kimber

2008-01-01

45

Mobile Robot Command by Man-Machine Co-Operation - Application to Disabled and Elderly People Assistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disabled people assistance is developing thanks to progress of new technologies. A manipulator arm mounted on a mobile robot can assist a disabled person for a partial restoration of the manipulative function. A user pilots the robot via a control station, using enhanced reality techniques. To be affordable such a system must be cost-effective. That constraint limits perception means: ultrasonic

Philippe Hoppenot; Etienne Colle

2002-01-01

46

Decreased incidence of neurologic disability among neonates at high risk born between 1975 and 1984 in Alberta.  

PubMed Central

We report the outcome at 2 or 3.5 years of 1463 neonates at high risk born between 1975 and 1984 and cared for in a regional perinatal program in Alberta. Although the number of surviving infants of very low birth weight (1250 g or less) increased over the study period, the incidence rate of neurologic impairment fell significantly, from 19% to 13% (p less than 0.01), so that there was no significant increase in the absolute number of disabled children. This finding remained valid when two other groups of infants at high risk (those weighing more than 1250 g at birth and having a positive neurologic history and those born at term with asphyxial encephalopathy) were included in the analysis, so that over the decade there was a significant decrease in the incidence of disability among the total group of neonates (p less than 0.01) and no increase in the absolute number of disabled children (23 in 1975 and 19 in 1984). We conclude that neonatal intensive care has contributed to improved survival of neonates at high risk without increasing the burden of major neurologic disability. PMID:2969278

Robertson, C M; Etches, P C

1988-01-01

47

Measures of Physical Performance and Risk for Progressive and Catastrophic Disability: Results From the Women's Health and Aging Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Physical performance measures can predict incident disability, but little research has assessed and compared how these measures predict progressive and rapid-onset (catastrophic) disability. The authors evaluated the ability of upper and lower extremity performance measures to predict progressive and catastrophic disability in activities of daily living (ADL), mobility, and upper extremity function. Methods. The incidence of progressive and catastrophic

Graziano Onder; Brenda W. J. H. Penninx; Luigi Ferrucci; Linda P. Fried; Jack M. Guralnik; Marco Pahor

48

Social Skills Instruction for Students With High-Incidence Disabilities: A School-Based Intervention to Address Acquisition Deficits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the results of a prescriptive, classroom-based social skills intervention program for 7 students with high-incidence disabilities receiving services in a self-contained, special education classroom. Students participated in 12 hours of social skills training, led by a paraprofessional and a student teacher, during the course of the traditional school day. Outcome measures included

Mathew J. Miller; Joseph Wehby

2005-01-01

49

Racial variation in the relationship of anemia with mortality and mobility disability among older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anemia is more common among older blacks than older whites. However, it is unclear whether anemia predicts adverse events similarly in both races. Data on 1018 black and 1583 white adults aged 71 to 82 years were analyzed. Anemia, as defined by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, was used to predict mortal- ity over 6 years and incidence of mobility

Kushang V. Patel; Tamara B. Harris; Marion Faulhaber; Sara B. Angleman; Stephanie Connelly; Douglas C. Bauer; Lewis H. Kuller; Anne B. Newman; Jack M. Guralnik; J.-Y. Zhang; Z. Zhang; X. Wang; J.-L. Fu; J. Yao; Y. Jiao; L. Chen; H. Zhang; J. Wei; L. Jin; M. Shi; G. F. Gao; H. Wu; F.-S. Wang; W. G. Wierda; S. O'Brien; S. Faderl; A. Ferrajoli; K.-A. Do; J. Cortes; D. Thomas; G. Garcia-Manero; C. Koller; M. Beran; F. Giles; F. Ravandi; S. Lerner; H. Kantarjian; M. Keating; R. Hehlmann; U. Berger; M. Pfirrmann; H. Heimpel; A. Hochhaus; J. Hasford; H.-J. Kolb; T. Lahaye; O. Maywald; A. Reiter; D. K. Hossfeld; C. Huber; H. Loffler; H. Pralle; W. Queisser; A. Tobler; C. Nerl; M. Solenthaler; M. E. Goebeler; M. Griesshammer; T. Fischer; S. Kremers; H. Eimermacher; M. Pfreundschuh; W.-D. Hirschmann; K. Lechner; B. Wassmann; C. Falge; H. H. Kirchner

2007-01-01

50

The Impact of Placement on Reading and Mathematics Achievement of Students with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of where best to educate students with disabilities to maximize their academic achievement has been discussed and researched for over four decades, with inconsistent and contradictory results. This study focused on the mathematics and reading achievement of middle and high school students with mild disabilities in an urban district in…

Harrington, Jennifer Stell

2011-01-01

51

Social Capital during the Postsecondary Transition for Young Adults with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social capital, relationships, and networks among people who share resources with one another, is essential to the successful transition into adulthood for all individuals--with or without disabilities. Social capital is particularly valuable for youth with disabilities because it has the potential to create access to other forms of capital as…

Trainor, Audrey A.; Morningstar, Mary; Murray, Angela; Kim, Hyejung

2013-01-01

52

Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Prevalence, Incidence and Remission of Aggressive Behaviour and Related Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Aggressive behaviours can be disabling for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), with negative consequences for the adult, their family and paid carers. It is surprising how little research has been conducted into the epidemiology of these needs, given the impact they can have. This study investigates point prevalence, 2-year…

Cooper, S.-A.; Smiley, E.; Jackson, A.; Finlayson, J.; Allan, L.; Mantry, D.; Morrison, J.

2009-01-01

53

The Effects of Obesity and Mobility Disability in Access to Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening in France: Results from the National Health and Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives We aimed to disentangle the effects of obesity and mobility limitation on cervical and breast cancer screening among community dwelling women. Methods The data source was the French national Health and Disability Survey - Household Section, 2008. The Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to categorize obesity status. We constructed a continuous score of mobility limitations to assess the severity of disability (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.84). Logistic regressions were performed to examine the association between obesity, mobility limitations and the use of Pap test (n?=?8 133) and the use of mammography (n?=?7 561). Adjusted odds ratios were calculated (AOR). Interaction terms between obesity and the disability score were included in models testing for effect modifications. Results Compared with non-obese women, the odds of having a Pap test in the past 3 years was 24% lower in obese women (AOR?=?0.76; 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.89), the odds of having a mammogram in the past 2 years was 23% lower (AOR?=?0.77; 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.91). Each time the disability score was 5 points higher, the odds of having a Pap test decreases by 20% (AOR?=?0.96; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.98), the odds of having a mammogram decreases by 25% (AOR?=?0.95; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.97). There was no significant interaction between obesity and disability score. Conclusion Obesity and mobility limitation are independently associated with a lower likelihood of cervical and breast cancer screening. Protective outreach and follow-up are necessary to reduce inequalities and thus to reduce health disparities in these vulnerable and high-risk populations of obese women with disabilities. PMID:25133662

Bussière, Clémence; Sicsic, Jonathan; Pelletier-Fleury, Nathalie

2014-01-01

54

The Impact of Placement on Reading and Mathematics Achievement of Students with High Incidence Disabilities  

E-print Network

Abstract The question of where best to educate students with disabilities to maximize their academic achievement has been discussed and researched for over four decades, with inconsistent and contradictory results. This ...

Harrington, Jennifer S.

2011-07-29

55

Claimants for mobility allowance: causes of disability and the scope for prevention  

PubMed Central

Six hundred and twenty-one claimants for Mobility Allowance were examined by the author, who recorded the patient's statement of his or her history and current disability, carried out a full physical examination and observed the gait and limitation of walking. Four hundred and seventy-five appeared to satisfy the medical conditions to qualify for the allowance. They were analysed by age, sex and body system involved and were compared with the corresponding total figure for Mobility Allowance in England, Scotland and Wales. The more common diagnoses are listed and are considered from the point of view of prevention. The implications for general practice are discussed. They concern the detection of hypertension and health education for antenatal care, smoking and the wearing of seat belts. PMID:6214626

Robertson, Graham M.

1982-01-01

56

Exploring Mobility Options for Children with Physical Disabilities: A Focus on Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study by Tefft et al. (2011, in this issue) is one of the few studies that have explored the impact of pediatric powered mobility on families. The parents who participated in their study reported increased satisfaction with their children's social and play skills, ability to move independently, sleeping patterns, and public perception of their…

Wiart, Lesley

2011-01-01

57

The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study, randomized trial of physical activity: Effect on the prevention of major mobility disability  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In older adults reduced mobility is common and is an independent risk factor for morbidity, hospitalization, disability, and mortality. Limited evidence suggests that physical activity may help prevent mobility disability; however, there are no definitive clinical trials examining if physical activi...

58

The Incidence of Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States. Disability Statistics Abstract, Number 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This abstract summarizes recent statistics on the prevalence and causes of traumatic brain injuries (TBI), the populations it affects, and the degree of disability it causes. Estimates are based on 1985-1987 data from the National Health Interview Survey, a household survey of the noninstitutionalized U.S. population. Analysis indicates: the…

Forkosch, Joel Anton; And Others

59

Incidence of and Risk Factors for Falls among Adults with an Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Falls among people with intellectual disability (ID) occur at a younger age than the general population and are a significant cause of injury and hospitalisation. There is very limited research investigating risk factors for falls among people with ID and none with people living outside of formal care arrangements, either independently…

Cox, C. R.; Clemson, L.; Stancliffe, R. J.; Durvasula, S.; Sherrington, C.

2010-01-01

60

Relation of physical activity time to incident disability in community dwelling adults with or at risk of knee arthritis: prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate whether objectively measured time spent in light intensity physical activity is related to incident disability and to disability progression. Design Prospective multisite cohort study from September 2008 to December 2012. Setting Baltimore, Maryland; Columbus, Ohio; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA. Participants Disability onset cohort of 1680 community dwelling adults aged 49 years or older with knee osteoarthritis or risk factors for knee osteoarthritis; the disability progression cohort included 1814 adults. Main outcome measures Physical activity was measured by accelerometer monitoring. Disability was ascertained from limitations in instrumental and basic activities of daily living at baseline and two years. The primary outcome was incident disability. The secondary outcome was progression of disability defined by a more severe level (no limitations, limitations to instrumental activities only, 1-2 basic activities, or ?3 basic activities) at two years compared with baseline. Results Greater time spent in light intensity activities had a significant inverse association with incident disability. Less incident disability and less disability progression were each significantly related to increasing quartile categories of daily time spent in light intensity physical activities (hazard ratios for disability onset 1.00, 0.62, 0.47, and 0.58, P for trend=0.007; hazard ratios for progression 1.00, 0.59, 0.50, and 0.53, P for trend=0.003) with control for socioeconomic factors (age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, income) and health factors (comorbidities, depressive symptoms, obesity, smoking, lower extremity pain and function, and knee assessments: osteoarthritis severity, pain, symptoms, prior injury). This finding was independent of time spent in moderate-vigorous activities. Conclusion These prospective data showed an association between greater daily time spent in light intensity physical activities and reduced risk of onset and progression of disability in adults with osteoarthritis of the knee or risk factors for knee osteoarthritis. An increase in daily physical activity time may reduce the risk of disability, even if the intensity of that additional activity is not increased. PMID:24782514

2014-01-01

61

Associations Between Fibrin D-Dimer, Markers of Inflammation, Incident Self-Reported Mobility Limitation, and All-Cause Mortality in Older Men  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the independent relationships between fibrin D-dimer, interleukin 6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and fibrinogen and incident mobility limitation and mortality. Design Prospective. Setting General practice in 24 British towns. Participants Men aged 60 to 79 without prevalent heart failure followed up for an average of 11.5 years (N = 3,925). Measurements All-cause mortality (n = 1,286) and self-reported mobility disability obtained at examination in 1998 to 2000 and in a postal questionnaire 3 to 5 years later in 2003. Results High D-dimer (top vs lowest tertile: adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.46, 95% confidence interval = 1.02–2.05) and IL-6 (aOR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.01–2.02) levels (but not CRP or fibrinogen) were associated with greater incident mobility limitation after adjustment for confounders and prevalent disease status. IL-6, CRP, fibrinogen, and D-dimer were significantly associated with total mortality after adjustment for confounders. Only D-dimer and IL-6 predicted total mortality independent of each other and the other biomarkers. The adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) was 1.16 (95% CI = 1.10–1.22) for a standard deviation increase in log D-dimer and 1.10 (95% CI = 1.04–1.18) for a standard deviation increase in log IL-6. D-dimer was independently related to vascular and nonvascular mortality, and IL-6 was independently related to vascular mortality. Risks of mobility limitation and mortality were greatest in those with a combination of high D-dimer and IL-6 levels. Conclusion D-dimer and IL-6 are associated with risk of mobility limitation and mortality in older men without heart failure. The findings suggest that coagulation leads to functional decline and mortality s that inflammation does not explain. PMID:25516032

Wannamethee, S Goya; Whincup, Peter H; Lennon, Lucy; Papacosta, Olia; Lowe, Gordon D

2014-01-01

62

Designing Clinical Trials of Intervention for Mobility Disability: Results from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Pilot Trial  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed, however data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking. Our results are described from the LIFE pilot clinical trial, in which 424 volunteers aged 70-89 years were randomly assigned to one of two intervent...

63

Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Prevalence, Incidence and Remission of Self-Injurious Behaviour, and Related Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is a serious condition, with implications for the person, their family and financial costs to the state providing care. The previously reported prevalence of SIB has ranged from 1.7% to 41%, or 1.7%-23.7% in community studies. There has been little study of remission rate, and incidence has not previously…

Cooper, S.-A.; Smiley, E.; Allan, L. M.; Jackson, A.; Finlayson, J.; Mantry, D.; Morrison, J.

2009-01-01

64

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program: Rural Early Intervention Specialists for Low Incidence Disabilities (REIS/LID). Final Grant Performance Report [and] REIS/LID Student Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report describes accomplishments and activities of a 3-year federally funded project of the University of Maine to develop and deliver a graduate Master's degree program in early intervention for infants and young children with low incidence disabilities. A curriculum was designed to prepare professionals to provide culturally relevant,…

Maine Univ., Orono. Center for Community Inclusion.

65

A Qualitative Study of Individual and Peer Factors Related to Effective Nonviolent versus Aggressive Responses to Problem Situations among Adolescents with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance the positive adjustment of youths with high incidence disabilities, a better understanding of the factors that influence their use of effective responses in challenging situations is needed. In this qualitative study, adolescents described individual and peer factors that would influence their use of effective nonviolent or aggressive…

Sullivan, Terri N.; Helms, Sarah W.; Bettencourt, Amie F.; Sutherland, Kevin; Lotze, Geri M.; Mays, Sally; Wright, Stephen; Farrell, Albert D.

2012-01-01

66

Multi-Disciplinary Preparation of Educators To Improve Services and Results for Children with Low-Incidence Disabilities in Adapted Physical Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report describes the activities and accomplishments of a 3-year federally funded project at the University of Florida concerned with the multidisciplinary preparation of physical and special educators in adapted physical education for children with low-incidence disabilities. The project supported, per semester, 10-15 masters students,…

Stopka, Christine; Dykes, Mary K.

67

Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Mojtahedi MC, Boblick P, Rimmer JH, Rowland JL, Jones RA, Braunschweig CL. Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods.

68

The effects of inquiry-based science on the social and communicative skills of students with low-incidence disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research utilized inquiry based science as a vehicle to implement and maintain social skills training for secondary students, ages 14 to 20, with low-incidence disabilities in a self-contained classroom. This three year action research study examined the effects of an inquiry based science curriculum on the level and quantity of social skills used by students with one or more of the following challenges: significant learning disability (functioning more than two grade levels below grade level), emotional/social disability, mental retardation, Autism, and/or varying degrees of brain damage. Through the use of video recording, the students in the study were analyzed based on the level of social interaction and the amount of socialization that took place during inquiry based science. The skills sought were based on the social and communication skills earmarked in the students' weekly social skills training class and their Individualized Education Plans (IEP). Based on previous research in social skills training it has been determined that where social skills training is lacking are in the areas of transfer and maintenance of skills. Due to the natural social behavior that must take place in inquiry based science this group of students were found to exhibit gains in (1) quantity of social interactions on topic; (2) developing higher levels of social interactions (sharing, taking other's suggestions, listening and responding appropriately, etc.); and (3) maintenance of social skills taught outside of formal social skills training. These gains were seen overall in the amount of student involvement during inquiry based science verses teacher involvement. Such increases are depicted through students' verbal exchanges, excerpts from field notes, and student reflections. The findings of this research is expected to guide special educators, administrators and directors of curriculum as to how to better create curriculum for this specific population where social skills training is utilized and maintained in all aspects of the academic day, thus helping this population of student achieve more independence and appropriate interactions in their live as citizens of society.

D'Angelo, Heather Hopkins

69

Addressing the nonexercise part of the activity continuum: a more realistic and achievable approach to activity programming for adults with mobility disability?  

PubMed

Participation in physical activity is fundamental for the maintenance of metabolic health and the prevention of major chronic diseases, particularly type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A whole-of-day approach to physical activity promotion is increasingly advocated and includes not only increasing moderate-intensity physical activity but also reducing sedentary time and increasing light-intensity activity (the "nonexercise" part of the activity continuum). This whole-of-day approach to tackling the challenge of inactivity may be particularly relevant for adults with mobility disabilities, who are among the most inactive segment of the population. Focusing on nonexercise activity by striving to reduce sedentary time and increase light-intensity activity may be a more successful place to begin to change behavior in someone with mobility disability. This article discusses what is known about the metabolic health consequences of sedentary behavior and light-intensity activity in adults with and without mobility disability. The concept of inactivity physiology is presented, along with possible applications or evidence from studies with adults with mobility disability. Mobility disability discussions and examples focus on stroke and spinal cord injury. Finally, clinical implications and future research directions related to sedentary behavior in adults with mobility disability are discussed. PMID:22156025

Manns, Patricia J; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville; Healy, Genevieve N

2012-04-01

70

Intellectual, Academic, and Behavioral Functioning of Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: A Cross-Categorical Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis of 58 studies was performed in which IQ, academic achievement, and behavior characteristics were examined across students with learning disabilities (LD), mild intellectual disabilities (MID), and emotional/behavioral disabilities (E/BD). The effect sizes between students with LD and MID were the largest in the domains of IQ and…

Sabornie, Edward J.; Cullinan, Douglas; Osborne, Susan S.; Brock, Lynne B.

2005-01-01

71

Muscle strength and BMI as predictors of major mobility disability in the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot (LIFE-P)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. T...

72

An Empirical Assessment of a Home-Based Exercise Treatment Package for People with Severe Mobility-Related Disabilities Using a Changing Criterion Design: Two Studies  

E-print Network

to promote dietary changes and physical activity among older adults with diabetes. This method may be particularly appropriate in working with people with severe mobility-related disabilities, as their knowledge of their own bodies and capabilities could... the Kansas Physical Disability Waiver Program (PD Waiver). Case managers distributed study information to clients and obtained written permission for researchers to contact potential participants by phone. Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria. To be included...

Nary, Dorothy E.

2010-12-13

73

Stability of parent report on Mobility and Self-Care item scores of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory.  

PubMed

Secondary analysis using data from a clinical trial was performed to evaluate the stability of individual items of the Mobility and Self-Care functional skills scales of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Parents of 113 children aged 1-6 years old with cerebral palsy completed the PEDI twice by questionnaire 6 months apart. An item was classified "unstable" if the score changed from capable to unable. The number of children with more than five unstable items and the number of items with more than five children having unstable scoring patterns were calculated. Nineteen children (17%) and 13 items had unstable scoring patterns. The majority of PEDI items demonstrated stability of parent scoring. Examination of unstable items suggests that parents may need assistance in understanding the difference between "usual" and "best" performance, interpreting descriptors such as "thoroughly," and maintaining the same context reference for outdoor mobility items. PMID:23931334

Worth, Melanie; Darrah, Johanna; Magill-Evans, Joyce; Wiart, Lesley; Law, Mary

2014-08-01

74

Trial Development of a Mobile Feeding Assistive Robotic Arm for People with Physical Disabilities of the Extremities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile feeding assistive robotic arm for people with physical disabilities of the extremities has been developed in this paper. This system is composed of a robotic arm, microcontroller, and its interface. The main unit of the robotic arm can be contained in a laptop computer's briefcase. Its weight is 5kg, including two 12-V lead acid rechargeable batteries. This robotic arm can be also mounted on a wheelchair. To verify performance of the mobile robotic arm system, drinking tea task was experimentally performed by two able-bodied subjects as well as three persons suffering from muscular dystrophy. From the experimental results, it was clear that they could smoothly carry out the drinking task, and that the robotic arm could firmly grasp a commercially available 500-ml plastic bottle. The eating task was also performed by the two able-bodied subjects. The experimental results showed that they could eat porridge by using a spoon without any difficulty.

Uehara, Hideyuki; Higa, Hiroki; Soken, Takashi; Namihira, Yoshinori

75

Incidence of patellar clunk syndrome in fixed versus high-flex mobile bearing posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty.  

PubMed

The geometry of the intercondylar box plays a significant role in the development of patellar clunk syndrome. We reviewed the incidence of patella clunk at mid-to-long-term follow-up of a rotating high-flex versus fixed bearing posterior stabilized TKA design. 188-mobile and 223-fixed bearing TKAs were reviewed for complications, incidence of patellar clunk, treatment, recurrence rates, range of motion, and patient satisfaction. Patellar clunk developed in 22 knees in the mobile (11.7%) and in 4 (1.8%) in the fixed bearing group (P<0.001). 23 out of 26 cases resolved with a single arthroscopic treatment and 2 resolved with a second procedure. The mean postoperative range of motion was 122.4°. All but one patient reported overall satisfaction with the index procedure. In contrast with other recent studies we found a significant incidence of patellar clunk in high-flex mobile bearings. Despite the high rate of patellar clunk syndrome, overall patients did well and were satisfied with their outcomes. PMID:24961894

Snir, Nimrod; Schwarzkopf, Ran; Diskin, Brian; Takemoto, Richelle; Hamula, Mathew; Meere, Patrick A

2014-10-01

76

Adults with self-reported learning disabilities in Slovenia: findings from the international adult literacy survey on the incidence and correlates of learning disabilities in Slovenia.  

PubMed

This study of adults with self-reported learning disabilities (SRLD) in Slovenia is part of a larger secondary analysis of the data from the International Literacy Survey project (IALS). The purpose of the study was to examine the characteristics of 79 (2.68%) individuals who reported experiencing learning disabilities and compare them to the general population on a variety of indicators of educational background, employment status, and reading and writing activities at work and at home. The proficiency scores of the SRLD individuals were lower in all three literacy domains (prose, document and quantitative literacy). In prose literacy 77.9% of SRLD adults performed at Level 1 and only 7.8% reached the level necessary for a modern technological society. Experiencing learning disabilities was not related to gender or age, however, results showed significant differences between the levels achieved by older and younger people with SRLD. In SRLD groups aged 40 years and above, no one achieved more than the second level of literacy in any domain. Learning disabilities were reported more frequently in rural areas. SRLD groups achieve significantly lower educational attainment, and lower employment status, with a preference for manual labour or craft. These findings are of critical importance. SRLD people report that poorer literacy skills are an obstacle to their progression in employment. In the Slovene sample, the SRLD group stands out for low scores in quantitative literacy. Results show that they are less active, pick up information only auditorily or in short written form. They need more frequent help from relatives in literacy activities. Interpretation of the IALS data on SRLD presents many problems. These include amongst others, problems in terminology, different background factors, and the validity of self-report measures. However, the study also raises many interesting challenges for future research and policy. Increasing the availability of support, assistance and counselling for adolescents and adults with learning disabilities remains a very important goal for dyslexia and LD policies in Slovenia. PMID:14672511

Magajna, Lidija; Kavkler, Marija; Ortar-Krizaj, Martina

2003-11-01

77

A Self-Reported Screening Tool for Detecting Community-Dwelling Older Persons with Frailty Syndrome in the Absence of Mobility Disability: The FiND Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The “frailty syndrome” (a geriatric multidimensional condition characterized by decreased reserve and diminished resistance to stressors) represents a promising target of preventive interventions against disability in elders. Available screening tools for the identification of frailty in the absence of disability present major limitations. In particular, they have to be administered by a trained assessor, require special equipment, and/or do not discriminate between frail and disabled individuals. Aim of this study is to verify the agreement of a novel self-reported questionnaire (the “Frail Non-Disabled” [FiND] instrument) designed for detecting non-mobility disabled frail older persons with results from reference tools. Methodology/Principal Findings Data are from 45 community-dwelling individuals aged ?60 years. Participants were asked to complete the FiND questionnaire separately exploring the frailty and disability domains. Then, a blinded assessor objectively measured the frailty status (using the phenotype proposed by Fried and colleagues) and mobility disability (using the 400-meter walk test). Cohen's kappa coefficients were calculated to determine the agreement between the FiND questionnaire with the reference instruments. Mean age of participants (women 62.2%) was 72.5 (standard deviation 8.2) years. Seven (15.6%) participants presented mobility disability as being unable to complete the 400-meter walk test. According to the frailty phenotype criteria, 25 (55.6%) participants were pre-frail or frail, and 13 (28.9%) were robust. Overall, a substantial agreement of the instrument with the reference tools (kappa?=?0.748, quadratic weighted kappa?=?0.836, both p values<0.001) was reported with only 7 (15.6%) participants incorrectly categorized. The agreement between results of the FiND disability domain and the 400-meter walk test was excellent (kappa?=?0.920, p<0.001). Conclusions/Significance The FiND questionnaire presents a very good capacity to correctly identify frail older persons without mobility disability living in the community. This screening tool may represent an opportunity for diffusing awareness about frailty and disability and supporting specific preventive campaigns. PMID:24999805

Cesari, Matteo; Demougeot, Laurent; Boccalon, Henri; Guyonnet, Sophie; Abellan Van Kan, Gabor; Vellas, Bruno; Andrieu, Sandrine

2014-01-01

78

Follow that Bear! Encouraging Mobility in a Young Child with Visual Impairment and Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows that unexpected gains can happen when teachers develop aggressive, innovative, and adaptive orientation and mobility (O&M) programming for children who are low-functioning. A case study illustrates strategies for using an adaptive mobility device, squaring-up, stepping out, and charting progress. Challenges to a successful O&M…

Tolla, Joan

2000-01-01

79

PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF AN INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF FUNCTIONING, DISABILITY AND HEALTH (ICF)ORIENTED, ADAPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF MOBILITY, SELF-CARE AND DOMESTIC LIFE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Development of an adaptive, International Classi- fication of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-oriented patient questionnaire on mobility and self-care based on an item response theory model (MOSES questionnaire). Methods: Using item reconstruction rules, items were de- veloped for the ICF chapters \\

Erik Farin; Annette Fleitz; Christian Frey

80

Mobile phone use while cycling: Incidence and effects on behaviour and safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of mobile phone use on cycling behaviour were studied. In study 1, the prevalence of mobile phone use while cycling was assessed. In Groningen 2.2% of cyclists were observed talking on their phone and 0.6% were text messaging or entering a phone number. In study 2, accident-involved cyclists responded to a questionnaire. Only 0.5% stated that they were

Dick de Waard; Paul Schepers; Wieke Ormel; Karel Brookhuis

2010-01-01

81

Reporting incidents of discrimination  

E-print Network

speak out Reporting incidents of discrimination Equality and Diversity Team tel: +44 (0) 1392 incidents. Discrimination is treating someone less favourably because of their: · Age · Disability · Gender

Bearhop, Stuart

82

Positive and Negative Effects of Finance-based Social Capital on Incident Functional Disability and Mortality: An 8-year Prospective Study of Elderly Japanese  

PubMed Central

Background Rotating savings and credit associations (ROSCAs) involve group financial self-help activities. These voluntary financial cooperative associations—mujin in Japanese—are found in some rural areas of Japan. Cross-sectional evidence suggests that active participation in mujin correlates with rich social capital and better functional capacities among older adults. However, the effect of mujin on subsequent health outcomes is unknown. Methods In 2003, we conducted a baseline interview survey of 583 functionally independent adults randomly selected from Yamanashi Prefecture residents aged 65 years or older. They were followed up until 2011. We used proportional hazards models, and factor analysis of 8 mujin-related questions identified 2 components: the “intensity and attitude” and “financing” aspects of mujin. Results The hazard ratios (HRs) for incident functional disability—identified by using the public long-term care insurance database—per 1-SD increase in factor scores were 0.82 (95% CI: 0.68–0.99) for the intensity and attitude score and 1.21 (1.07–1.38) for financing score. Adjustments for age, sex, marital status, household composition, physical health, education, income, and other factor scores only slightly attenuated these HRs. The results for mortality models were very similar to those for incident functional disability. Conclusions ROSCA-type activities in Japan could have beneficial effects on the health of older adults if used primarily for the purpose of friendship. Mujin for aggressively financial purposes might be somewhat harmful, as such activities might reflect the “dark side” of social capital, ie, overly demanding expectations of group conformity. PMID:23117222

Kondo, Naoki; Suzuki, Kohta; Minai, Junko; Yamagata, Zentaro

2012-01-01

83

Impacts of mobility disability and high and increasing body mass index on health-related quality of life and participation in society: a population-based cohort study from Sweden  

PubMed Central

Background Increasing obesity in adults with mobility disability has become a considerable health problem, similar to the increasing trend of obesity in the general population. The aims of this study were to investigate the association of mobility disability with overweight status and obesity in a large population-based Swedish cohort of adults, and to investigate whether mobility disability, high body mass index (BMI), and increasing BMI over time are predictors of health-related quality of life and participation in society after 8 years of follow-up. Methods The study cohort included 13,549 individuals aged 18–64 years who answered questions about mobility disability, weight, height, health-related quality of life and participation in society in the Stockholm Public Health Survey 2002 and 2010. The cohort was randomly selected from the population of Stockholm County, and divided into six subgroups based on data for mobility disability and overweight status. Multiple binary logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the likelihood for low health-related quality of life and lack of participation. Results Respondents with mobility disability had a higher mean BMI than those without mobility disability. Respondents both with and without mobility disability increased in BMI, but with no significant difference in the longitudinal changes (mean difference: 0.078; 95% CI: -0.16 - 0.32). Presence of mobility disability increased the risk of low health-related quality of life and lack of participation in 2010, irrespective of low health-related quality of life and lack of participation in 2002. The risk of pain and low general health (parts of health-related quality of life) increased for every 5 units of higher BMI reported in 2010. In respondents without low general health at baseline, the risk of obtaining low general health increased for every 5 units of higher BMI in 2010 (OR:1.60; CI: 1.47 - 1.74). Conclusions The greatest risk of low general health after 8 years was observed for respondents with both mobility disability and high BMI. These results indicate the importance of working preventively with persons with mobility disability and overweight status or obesity based on the risk of further weight gain. PMID:24742257

2014-01-01

84

Disability in instrumental activities of daily living among older adults: gender differences  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To analyze gender differences in the incidence and determinants of disability regarding instrumental activities of daily living among older adults. METHODS The data were extracted from the Saúde, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE – Health, Wellbeing and Ageing) study. In 2000, 1,034 older adults without difficulty in regarding instrumental activities of daily living were selected. The following characteristics were evaluated at the baseline: sociodemographic and behavioral variables, health status, falls, fractures, hospitalizations, depressive symptoms, cognition, strength, mobility, balance and perception of vision and hearing. Instrumental activities of daily living such as shopping and managing own money and medication, using transportation and using the telephone were reassessed in 2006, with incident cases of disability considered as the outcome. RESULTS The incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living was 44.7/1,000 person/years for women and 25.2/1,000 person/years for men. The incidence rate ratio between women and men was 1.77 (95%CI 1.75;1.80). After controlling for socioeconomic status and clinical conditions, the incidence rate ratio was 1.81 (95%CI 1.77;1.84), demonstrating that women with chronic disease and greater social vulnerability have a greater incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living. The following were determinants of the incidence of disability: age ? 80 and worse perception of hearing in both genders; stroke in men; and being aged 70 to 79 in women. Better cognitive performance was a protective factor in both genders and better balance was a protective factor in women. CONCLUSIONS The higher incidence density of disability in older women remained even after controlling for adverse social and clinical conditions. In addition to age, poorer cognitive performance and conditions that adversely affect communication disable both genders. Acute events, such as a stroke, disables elderly men more, whereas early deficits regarding balance disable women more. PMID:25119933

Alexandre, Tiago da Silva; Corona, Ligiana Pires; Nunes, Daniella Pires; Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira; Duarte, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira; Lebrão, Maria Lúcia

2014-01-01

85

Disability in instrumental activities of daily living among older adults: gender differences.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE To analyze gender differences in the incidence and determinants of disability regarding instrumental activities of daily living among older adults. METHODS The data were extracted from the Saúde, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE - Health, Wellbeing and Ageing) study. In 2000, 1,034 older adults without difficulty in regarding instrumental activities of daily living were selected. The following characteristics were evaluated at the baseline: sociodemographic and behavioral variables, health status, falls, fractures, hospitalizations, depressive symptoms, cognition, strength, mobility, balance and perception of vision and hearing. Instrumental activities of daily living such as shopping and managing own money and medication, using transportation and using the telephone were reassessed in 2006, with incident cases of disability considered as the outcome. RESULTS The incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living was 44.7/1,000 person/years for women and 25.2/1,000 person/years for men. The incidence rate ratio between women and men was 1.77 (95%CI 1.75;1.80). After controlling for socioeconomic status and clinical conditions, the incidence rate ratio was 1.81 (95%CI 1.77;1.84), demonstrating that women with chronic disease and greater social vulnerability have a greater incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living. The following were determinants of the incidence of disability: age ? 80 and worse perception of hearing in both genders; stroke in men; and being aged 70 to 79 in women. Better cognitive performance was a protective factor in both genders and better balance was a protective factor in women. CONCLUSIONS The higher incidence density of disability in older women remained even after controlling for adverse social and clinical conditions. In addition to age, poorer cognitive performance and conditions that adversely affect communication disable both genders. Acute events, such as a stroke, disables elderly men more, whereas early deficits regarding balance disable women more. PMID:25119933

Alexandre, Tiago da Silva; Corona, Ligiana Pires; Nunes, Daniella Pires; Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira; Duarte, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira; Lebrão, Maria Lúcia

2014-06-01

86

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

... 2014-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2014-01-01

87

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2011-01-01

88

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2012-01-01

89

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2013-01-01

90

Profile of arthritis disability.  

PubMed Central

Using the 1994-95 National Health Interview Supplement Disability Supplement, the authors study levels of disabilities and accommodations among US adults with arthritis disability, compared to people with disability due to other conditions. Arthritis-disabled people are defined in two ways. One definition covers a broad range of arthritis and rheumatic conditions, and the other concentrates solely on arthritis. The authors find that arthritis-disabled people have more total disabilities than other-disabled peop e. However, their disabilities are less severe, have shorter durations, and accumulate more gradually over time. Despite more disabilities, people with arthritis disability use fewer assistive and service accommodations than other-disabled people. They do use more mobility aids. Because arthritis is the leading chronic condition for middle-aged and older adults, th s profile of extensive but mild-to-moderate disability is experienced by many millions of adults. Accommodations for arthritis may also be extensive but aimed more toward self-care than toward assistive and medical services. PMID:11889283

Verbrugge, L. M.; Juarez, L.

2001-01-01

91

The association of sex hormone levels with poor mobility, low muscle strength and incidence of falls among older men and women  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether low levels of oestradiol and testosterone are associated with impaired mobility, low muscle strength and the incidence of falls in a population-based sample of older men and women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study, based on data of the Longitudinal Ageing Study Amsterdam (LASA), including 623 men and 663 women, aged 65-88

Laura A. Schaap; Saskia M. F. Pluijm; Jan H. Smit; Schoor van N. M; Marjolein Visser; Louis J. G. Gooren; P. T. A. M. Lips

2005-01-01

92

Mobile Applications for Participation at the Shopping Mall: Content Analysis and Usability for Persons with Physical Disabilities and Communication or Cognitive Limitations  

PubMed Central

The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF) to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team’s and users’ comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results, compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs. PMID:25513999

Auger, Claudine; Leduc, Emilie; Labbé, Delphine; Guay, Cassioppée; Fillion, Brigitte; Bottari, Carolina; Swaine, Bonnie

2014-01-01

93

Mobile applications for participation at the shopping mall: content analysis and usability for persons with physical disabilities and communication or cognitive limitations.  

PubMed

The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF) to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team's and users' comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results, compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs. PMID:25513999

Auger, Claudine; Leduc, Emilie; Labbé, Delphine; Guay, Cassioppée; Fillion, Brigitte; Bottari, Carolina; Swaine, Bonnie

2014-01-01

94

The validity of spinal mobility for prediction of functional disability in male patients with low back pain  

PubMed Central

Clinical assessment of functional disability is an integral part of management in patients with low back pain (LBP). The range of spinal motion is one of LBP disability measure. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of spinal range of motion as a predictable measure of disability and to analyze the intrarater reliability of back range of motion (BROM) instrument for measurement of active lumber spine range of motion. Forty men patients with chronic low back pain over 6 month’s duration were participated in the study. Their ages ranged from 20 to 40 years. Lumber range of motion was measured with BROM device and disability was evaluated by self reported Roland Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ). Data were analyzed using Spearman’s correlation, multiple regression analysis models and ICC. Statistical analysis revealed that there was a highly significant moderate to good relation between forward trunk flexion and RMDQ score (rho = ?0.59, p < 0.001). While there was a weak correlation between trunk extensions, lateral trunk flexion and trunk rotation with the RMDQ scores (p > 0.05). The main predictors of disability were forward and lateral trunk flexion. Furthermore, intrarater reliability for forward trunk flexion was good (ICC, 0.84), for extension was high (ICC, 0.91), for rotation was good (ICC range, 0.86–0.88), and for lateral flexion was good (ICC range, 0.81–0.82). It was suggested that spinal ROM do not appear to be a valid measure for prediction of the functional disability in patients with chronic low back pain.

Atya, Azza M.

2012-01-01

95

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...wheelchairs; (2) Other mobility aids, such as canes (including those used by persons with impaired vision), crutches, and walkers; and (3) Other assistive devices for stowage or use within the cabin (e.g., prescription medications and...

2010-01-01

96

Pain and joint mobility explain individual subdimensions of the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) disability index in patients with rheumatoid arthritis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To explore the associations between individual subdimensions of the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) and clinical variables in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: 304 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (73% female, mean (SD) age, 58 (13) years; disease duration 6 (9) years, 69% rheumatoid factor positive) completed the HAQ for functional capacity (0–3) and a 100 mm visual analogue scale for pain. Grip strength, range of motion of the large joints, Larsen score for radiographic damage of hand and foot joints, and the number of tender and swollen joints were recorded. A logit regression model was used to study associations between subdimensions of the HAQ and other variables. Results: Mean (range) total HAQ score was 0.92 (0 to 2.88) and varied from 0.73 to 1.04 in the subdimensions. Disability was lowest in the "walking" and highest in the "reach" subdimension. Pain was an explanatory variable in all individual subdimensions. Decreased grip strength, limitation of shoulder and wrist motion, and a larger number of swollen and tender joints in the upper extremities were related to several subdimensions. A higher pain score and swollen joint count in the upper extremities, decreased grip strength, and limited motion of wrist, shoulder, and knee joints explained increased disability (higher total HAQ scores). Conclusions: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, pain and range of movements of joints have the greatest impact on individual subdimensions of the HAQ. Extent of radiographic damage in peripheral joints and the number of swollen and tender joints are of lesser importance for function. PMID:15130901

Hakkinen, A; Kautiainen, H; Hannonen, P; Ylinen, J; Arkela-Kautiainen, M; Sokka, T

2005-01-01

97

Disability Resource Centre: Support and advice for disabled students  

E-print Network

(including hearing impairment, visual impairment) n mental health difficulties (including depression.cam.ac.uk/disability-statistics/ #12;2 The DRC supports students with any impairment/disability, medical condition or injury, including/mobility impairments and injuries (including wheelchair users, Upper Limb Disorder/RSI) n sensory impairments

Steiner, Ullrich

98

Laying the Foundation for Connect to Protect®: A Multi-Site Community Mobilization Intervention to Reduce HIV/AIDS Incidence and Prevalence among Urban Youth  

PubMed Central

Despite the considerable resources that have been dedicated to HIV prevention interventions and services over the past decade, HIV incidence among young people in the United States remains alarmingly high. One reason is that the majority of prevention efforts continue to focus solely on modifying individual behavior, even though public health research strongly suggests that changes to a community's structural elements, such as their programs, practices, and laws or policies, may result in more effective and sustainable outcomes. Connect to Protect is a multi-city community mobilization intervention that focuses on altering or creating community structural elements in ways that will ultimately reduce youth HIV incidence and prevalence. The project, which spans 6 years, is sponsored by the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions at multiple urban clinical research sites. This paper provides an overview of the study's three phases and describes key factors in setting a firm foundation for the initiation and execution of this type of undertaking. Connect to Protect's community mobilization approach to achieving structural change represents a relatively new and broad direction in HIV prevention research. To optimize opportunities for its success, time and resources must be initially placed into laying the groundwork. This includes activities such as building a strong overarching study infrastructure to ensure protocol tasks can be met across sites; tapping into local site and community expertise and knowledge; forming collaborative relationships between sites and community organizations and members; and fostering community input on and support for changes at a structural level. Failing to take steps such as these may lead to insurmountable implementation problems for an intervention of this kind. PMID:16739051

Ziff, Mauri A.; Harper, Gary W.; Chutuape, Kate S.; Deeds, Bethany Griffin; Futterman, Donna; Francisco, Vincent T.; Muenz, Larry R.

2006-01-01

99

Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... is intellectual disability? Intellectual disability, also known as mental retardation, is a term used when there are limits ... infections. What are some of the signs of intellectual disability? Usually, the more severe the degree of intellectual ...

100

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2010-10-01

101

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning disabilities monograph contains five brief articles dealing with various aspects of learning disabilities as they related to business education. "Learning Disabilities: A Challenge for the Vocational Business Educator" (Dorothy Munger) concerns screening students with learning disabilities into rather than out of business education…

Clow, John, Ed.; Woolschlager, Ruth B., Ed.

102

Learning Disabilities Due to Minimal Brain Dysfunction: Hope Through Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pamphlet provides basic information on learning disabilities due to minimal brain dysfunction (MBD). Topics considered include terminology, incidence, symptoms, causes and prevention, diagnosis, family role for MBD children, and research in learning disabilities due to MBD. (CL)

National Inst. of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

103

76 FR 6572 - Non-Ambulatory Disabled Veal Calves and Other Non-Ambulatory Disabled Livestock at Slaughter...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...slaughter of non-ambulatory disabled pigs, sheep, goats, and other amenable...require that non- ambulatory disabled pigs, sheep, goats, and other amenable...incidents involving the inhumane handling of pigs. The NRs documented establishment...

2011-02-07

104

Disability retirement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eligibility for disability retirement is discussed. General guidelines and a few standards are given. Usually the same basic medical principles apply to the evaluation of claims for disability retirement as apply to determining medical suitability for initial employment.

Eck, R. L.

1975-01-01

105

Intellectual disability  

MedlinePLUS

... to 3% of the population. There are many causes of intellectual disability, but doctors find a specific reason ... cases. Risk factors are related to the causes. Causes of intellectual disability can include: Infections (present at birth ...

106

Adaptive Computing Technology and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive technology offers people with disabilities the opportunity not just to use computers, but to use computers to complete tasks that were previously not possible for them. Computers can be used to assist individuals with speech or writing impairments, physical or mobility impairments, visual impairments, and learning disabilities. (Author/JL)

Harrell, William L.

1998-01-01

107

Human factors and qualitative pedagogical evaluation of a mobile augmented reality system for science education used by learners with physical disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology-enhanced learning, employing novel forms of content representation and education service delivery by enhancing\\u000a the visual perception of the real environment of the user, is favoured by proponents of educational inclusion for learners\\u000a with physical disabilities. Such an augmented reality computer-mediated learning system has been developed as part of an EU\\u000a funded research project, namely the CONNECT project. The CONNECT

Theodoros N. Arvanitis; Argeroula Petrou; James F. Knight; Stavros Savvas; Sofoklis Sotiriou; Michael Gargalakos; Elpida Gialouri

2009-01-01

108

Course Completion and Attainment in Disabled Students Taking Courses with the Open University UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation compared outcomes in disabled and non-disabled students taking courses by distance learning with the Open University UK in 2003. Students with mental health difficulties showed poorer course completion than non-disabled students. Students with restricted mobility and students with other disabilities showed lower pass rates than…

Richardson, John T. E.

2010-01-01

109

Shakespeare on old age and disability.  

PubMed

The plays of William Shakespeare were reviewed for references to disabilities, aging and disability, and older characters with disabilities. Shakespeare's references draw from traditional cultural notions about older people with disabilities. These traditional notions include people with physical disabilities being evil, the entertainment value of disabilty, and those who were mentally ill being wild and animal-like. He viewed the aging process as disabling and old age as a time when individuals lost some abilities to function, particularly when it came to mental capacity and physical mobility. His writings show that he used disability as a literary tool to add dimension to characters and set them apart. Contemporary literature continues to share some of Shakespeare's view on aging and disability but also departs from them in important ways. For example, contemporary treatment of disabilities and aging places more emphasis on the human side of the affects of aging and disabilities. Disabilities and aging are not cast in the same negative terms as Shakespeare used. PMID:10987340

Covey, H

2000-01-01

110

75 FR 27324 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...diverse disability and rehabilitation topics, such as virtual reality training applications (Erren-Wolters, van Dijk...A., Ijzerman, M., & Jannink, M. (2007). Virtual reality for mobility devices: Training applications and...

2010-05-14

111

Quantifying disability: data, methods and results.  

PubMed Central

Conventional methods for collecting, analysing and disseminating data and information on disability in populations have relied on cross-sectional censuses and surveys which measure prevalence in a given period. While this may be relevant for defining the extent and demographic pattern of disabilities in a population, and thus indicating the need for rehabilitative services, prevention requires detailed information on the underlying diseases and injuries that cause disabilities. The Global Burden of Disease methodology described in this paper provides a mechanism for quantifying the health consequences of the years of life lived with disabilities by first estimating the age-sex-specific incidence rates of underlying conditions, and then mapping these to a single disability index which collectively reflects the probability of progressing to a disability, the duration of life lived with the disability, and the approximate severity of the disability in terms of activity restriction. Detailed estimates of the number of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lived are provided in this paper, for eight geographical regions. The results should be useful to those concerned with planning health services for the disabled and, more particularly, with determining policies to prevent the underlying conditions which give rise to serious disabling sequelae. PMID:8062403

Murray, C. J.; Lopez, A. D.

1994-01-01

112

Sexual Force at Sexual Debut. Swedish Adolescents with Disabilities at Higher Risk than Adolescents without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this study are first to compare the incidence of force on the first occasion of sexual intercourse reported by participants with disabilities to that of students without disabilities; second to determine whether there are significant differences in mental health, substance abuse, and school performance as reported by participants…

Brunnberg, Elinor; Bostrom, Margareta Linden; Berglund, Mats

2012-01-01

113

What is a Disability? As defined by the AODA, a disability is  

E-print Network

plan established under the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997; ("handicap"). Customer Service by phone Mobility devices such as scooters, walkers or crutches, magnifiers, white cane Communication accompanies a person with a disability in order to help with communication, mobility, personal care or medical

Sokolowski, Marla

114

with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents from culturally diverse backgrounds need to feel that they play a vital role in the future success of their sons or daughters with disabilities. Differences in culture and ethnicity can affect families' involvement in transition planning and the goals that they emphasize for their children. Families of diverse backgrounds were…

Cote, Debra L.; Jones, Vita L.; Sparks, Shannon L.; Aldridge, Patricia A.

2012-01-01

115

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet uses hypothetical case examples to illustrate the definition, causal theories, and specific types of learning disabilities (LD). The cognitive and language performance of students with LD is compared to standard developmental milestones, and common approaches to the identification and education of children with LD are outlined.…

Neuwirth, Sharyn

116

Disability in Indian patients with haemophilia.  

PubMed

Chronic shortage of clotting factor concentrates, exorbitant treatment costs and the poor economic status of patients makes disability an inevitable consequence of haemophilia in India. The prevalence and risk factors for disability were studied in 148 patients with severe haemophilia A registered at five haemophilia clinics in the country. Disability was measured using a scoring method that used a compilation of functional ability, mobility and range-of-motion scores for each patient. Patients ranged in age from 5 to 55 years. Only nine of 148 patients were free of disability. The proportion of disability free patients in the 5-12, 13-24 and 25+ age groups were 14.3%, 4.4% and 0% respectively. The risk factors significantly associated with disability were patients age, socio-economic status, number of persons in the family, family history of haemophilia, frequency of physiotherapy exercises, home use of coagulation factor concentrate and type of blood product(s) used, that is clotting factor concentrate or cryoprecipitate. The study highlights the need to provide coagulation factor concentrates in sufficient amounts to prevent disability, the beneficial role of physiotherapy exercises and the advantage of older patients as peer educators for younger patients. The most important utility of the data is to demonstrate the widespread prevalence of disability amongst patients, its social costs in terms of incomplete education and unemployment, which justifies the need to include haemophilia as one of the conditions under the Disability Act of India. PMID:17610556

Kar, A; Mirkazemi, R; Singh, P; Potnis-Lele, M; Lohade, S; Lalwani, A; Saha, A S

2007-07-01

117

Class Placement and Academic and Behavioral Variables as Predictors of Graduation for Students with Disabilities.  

E-print Network

??Dropout rates impacting students with high-incidence disabilities in American schools remain staggering (Bost, 2006; Hehir, 2005). Of this group, students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD)… (more)

Gonzalez, Liana

2010-01-01

118

Disability Services Center University of California, Irvine  

E-print Network

Injury 5 2 - - 7 Autism / Asperger's 43 3 - - 41 Psychological 246 76 - - 309 SUBTOTALS 613 156 126 7.7% Learning Disabilities 6.5% Autism/Asperger's 5.7% Other Hearing 2.6% Low Vision 2.4% Mobility 1.5% Acquired Demographics Psychological 47.8% Other Funtional/Medical 21.0% AD/HD 10.2% Learning Disabilities 12.1% Autism/Asperger

Mease, Kenneth D.

119

Chronic Disability Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Prolonged disability is best understood as an illness that exists independently of the initiating disease. The disabled individual goes through predictable stages of disability before resolution occurs. The failure to diagnose disability can jeopardize successful rehabilitation. If correctly identified and treated either prior to or concurrently with the initiating problem, successful recovery of the disabled individual is substantially increased. PMID:21229113

Gamborg, Brian L.; Elliott, William S.; Curtis, Kenneth W.

1991-01-01

120

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (RSV): Infection and Incidence  

MedlinePLUS

... Search The CDC Cancel Submit Search The CDC Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (RSV) Note: Javascript is disabled ... References & Resources Infographic Related Links Related Links Unexplained Respiratory Disease Outbreaks Red Book® Online Infection and Incidence ...

121

Disability in Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury--Which Measure?.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 54 individuals with head injuries compares a commonly used measure of physical disability, the Barthel Index, with three measures designed to assess intellectual functioning, communication, behavior, and mobility. The results indicate support for using scales other than the Barthel Index when describing disability following traumatic…

McPherson, K. M.; Pentland, B.

1997-01-01

122

Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

1994-01-01

123

Wake Up Call: Pregnant and Parenting Teens with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pregnancy among all teenagers is a major challenge facing the United States. A literature review indicated little research on the incidences of pregnancy and parenting among teenagers with disabilities, similarities and differences in their educational needs when compared to their non-disabled peers, and how programs address their specific…

Jones, Karen H.; Woolcock-Henry, Constance O.; Domenico, Desirae M.

2005-01-01

124

Learning Disabilities in Children With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early exposure to androgens may be a cause of the higher incidence of learning disabilities among males. To test this hypothesis, we determined the frequency of learning disabilities, as measured by extent of Wechsler Verbal-Performance IQ discrepancy, among female patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, who are exposed in utero to excess androgens for their sex. A significantly larger Verbal-Performance IQ

Ruth Nass; Susan Baker

1991-01-01

125

Sleep and Developmental Disabilities: Assessment, Treatment, and Outcome Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with developmental disabilities sleep less and experience higher incidence of clinical sleep disorders than the general population. Exploring the neurophysiology linking sleep with daytime performance in patients with developmental disabilities is now possible using minimally sufficient sleep and sleep-sensitive behavioral assays. Although…

Doran, Scott M.; Harvey, Mark T.; Horner, Robert H.

2006-01-01

126

The Multidomain Intervention to preveNt disability in ElDers (MINDED) project: rationale and study design of a pilot study.  

PubMed

Disability is hardly reversible at old age, negatively impacts on the elders' quality of life, and significantly threatens the sustainability of public health services. Therefore, preventive interventions become necessary for successfully avoiding its onset. The translation of the successful clinical approach represented by the geriatric comprehensive assessment at the community-level and the specific targeting of frailty (a well-established geriatric syndrome) might represent a promising possibility. This approach may allow the implementation of preventive interventions before the irreversible features of disability onset. Unfortunately, there is a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of primary prevention programs against disability in community-dwelling elders. Moreover, the novelty of the topic makes it difficult for the immediate design and conduction of a full-scale trial. For these reasons, a pilot project aimed at obtaining the preliminary information for the design of a subsequent definitive trial is required. In the present article, we describe the objectives, design, and methods of the Multidomain Intervention to preveNt Disability in ElDers (MINDED) project. MINDED is articulated into three sequential phases. First, a screening tool for indentifying non-disabled frail older persons in the community (ideal target population for preventive interventions against disability) will be validated. Then, the organization of a multidisciplinary team in the development and design of a multidomain preventive plan against disability will be verified/optimized. Finally, a randomized controlled trial measuring the effect size of a multicomponent intervention (based on physical exercise, nutrition, and cognitive training) against incident mobility disability versus usual care in community-dwelling frail elders will be conducted. PMID:24768939

Cesari, Matteo; Demougeot, Laurent; Boccalon, Henri; Guyonnet, Sophie; Vellas, Bruno; Andrieu, Sandrine

2014-05-01

127

Design and Development of the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

For people with significant mobility impairments who also have both lower and upper limb disability, there are few technology solutions. The aim of this article is to describe the design and development of the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance, a device that provides coordinated mobility and bimanual manipulation for people with both lower and upper limb impairment. The Personal Mobility

Garrett G. Grindle; Hongwu Wang; Benjamin A. Salatin; Juan J. Vazquez; Rory A. Cooper

2011-01-01

128

Disability management, employee health and fringe benefits, and long-term-disability claims for mental disorders: an empirical exploration.  

PubMed

Mental disorders account for a large share of claims and benefit costs in both private and public long-term-disability (LTD) insurance programs. This is the first empirical study to explore factors that may explain variations in private-sector LTD claims incidence and cost across groups of employees. Employee fringe-benefit arrangements, including patterns of coverage for mental health treatment, are found to be important predictors of incidence rates. Award rates for public disability insurance coverage (SSDI) are also strongly related to claims incidence, suggesting that private LTD is an important pathway to SSDI benefits. Some employee disability-management strategies, such as front-line manager involvement and provision of alternative jobs for employees returning from disability leave, are predictive of lower claims rates and/or costs. PMID:10834082

Salkever, D S; Goldman, H; Purushothaman, M; Shinogle, J

2000-01-01

129

How to Evaluate Disability  

PubMed Central

A disability assessment for non-therapeutic reasons is the most common evaluation requested of treating psychiatrists. Mental disorders affect approximately 20 percent of Americans each year. People who are unable to work need some financial assistance. As part of the system, it’s our goal to assist them in this process. When a disability claim is filed, psychiatrists take into account the individual’s impairments and disabilities. A psychiatrist’s evaluation of disability involves knowledge and experience. There are many ethics related challenges, especially when performing disability evaluation of their own patients. Disability training should therefore be part of residency curriculum for training of psychiatry residents. PMID:23785336

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D.

2013-01-01

130

WORLD REPORT ON DISABILITY  

E-print Network

Children 36 The environment 37 Health conditions are affected by environmental factors 37 Disability Adopt the ICF 45 Improve national disability statistics 45 Improve the comparability of data 46 Develop

Michelson, David G.

131

General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

132

Progression of leprosy disability after discharge: is multidrug therapy enough?  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the risk factors related to worsening of physical disabilities after treatment discharge among patients with leprosy administered 12 consecutive monthly doses of multidrug therapy (MDT/WHO). Methods Cohort study was carried out at the Leprosy Laboratory in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We evaluated patients with multibacillary leprosy treated (MDT/WHO) between 1997 and 2007. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the relationship between the onset of physical disabilities after release from treatment and epidemiological and clinical characteristics. Results The total observation time period for the 368 patients was 1 570 person-years (PY), averaging 4.3 years per patient. The overall incidence rate of worsening of disability was 6.5/100 PY. Among those who began treatment with no disability, the incidence rate of physical disability was 4.5/100 PY. Among those who started treatment with Grade 1 or 2 disabilities, the incidence rate of deterioration was 10.5/100 PY. The survival analysis evidenced that when disability grade was 1, the risk was 1.61 (95% CI: 1.02–2.56), when disability was 2, the risk was 2.37 (95% CI 1.35–4.16), and when the number of skin lesions was 15 or more, an HR = 1.97 (95% CI: 1.07–3.63). Patients with neuritis showed a 65% increased risk of worsening of disability (HR = 1.65 [95% CI: 1.08–2.52]). Conclusion Impairment at diagnosis was the main risk factor for neurological worsening after treatment/MDT. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of reactional episodes remain the main means of preventing physical disabilities. PMID:23937704

Sales, Anna Maria; Campos, Dayse Pereira; Hacker, Mariana Andrea; da Costa Nery, José Augusto; Düppre, Nádia Cristina; Rangel, Emanuel; Sarno, Euzenir Nunes; Penna, Maria Lucia Fernandes

2013-01-01

133

Subtypes of learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim of the present study was two fold: (1) to evaluate the course of referring and diagnosing Learning Disabilities (LD) and\\u000a the contribution of multidisciplinary assessment and (2) to describe characteristics of three LD subtypes: Attention with\\u000a or without Motor function Disabilities (AMD), Verbal Learning Disabilities (VLD) and Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD).\\u000a Diagnostics, behavioural and neuropsychological data from 495 children

Jos G. M. Hendriksen; Esther H. H. Keulers; Frans J. M. Feron; Renske Wassenberg; Jelle Jolles; Johan S. H. Vles

2007-01-01

134

Work Disability in Appalachia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper begins by examining the history of disability payments to disabled workers, specifically disability payments to coal workers. Efforts by the United Mine Workers of America made mine health and safety an issue in the 1960s, and continuing liberalization of the law continued through the 1970s. The identification of coal miners with…

Greenwood, Judith

135

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... of learning disabilities: Learning disability What it means Dyslexia (say: diss-LEK-see-uh) Dyslexia makes it hard for people to understand and ... most common type of learning disability. People with dyslexia may: Have problems telling the difference between different ...

136

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

;1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service? 2. How to contact us 3. Applying to the University to provide additional information and advice. WHAt iS tHe DiSAbility AnD DySlexiA SUppOrt Service (DDSS Hounsfield Road Durham Road ClarksonStreet Western Bank The Disability and Dyslexia Support Service

Dixon, Peter

137

Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

Goodley, Dan

2011-01-01

138

DISABILITY STATISTICS CENTER  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Disability Statistics Center is to produce and disseminate statistical information on disability and the status of people with disabilities in American society and to establish and monitor indicators of how conditions are changing over time to meet their health...

139

Forestry Commission Disability Equality  

E-print Network

Forestry Commission 1 02/12/08 Disability Equality Scheme Annual Monitoring Report 2008 #12;Forestry Commission 2 02/12/08 Introduction The Forestry Commission's (FC) Disability Equality Scheme 2006-09 outlines the FC's commitment to both the general and specific Disability Equality Duties. The Scheme

140

MOBILE SENSING 1 MOBILE SENSING  

E-print Network

MOBILE SENSING 1 MOBILE SENSING ! ! Parham Aarabi #12;MOBILE SENSING 2 20 years of sensing research #12;MOBILE SENSING 3 Low Likelihood High Likelihood #12;MOBILE SENSING 4 Image Courtesy of Apple Inc. #12;MOBILE SENSING 5 What can we do with all the sensors on our mobile devices? #12;MOBILE SENSING 6

Prodiæ, Aleksandar

141

Mobile Ambients  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two distinct areas of work in mobility: mobile computing, concerning computation that is carried out in mobile devices (laptops, personal digital assistants, etc.), and mobile computation, concerning mobile code that moves between devices (applets, agents, etc.). We aim to describe all these aspects of mobility within a single framework that encompasses mobile agents, the ambients where agents interact

Luca Cardelli; Andrew D. Gordon

1998-01-01

142

47 CFR 14.61 - Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones...EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Internet Browsers Built Into Telephones Used With...14.61 Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones....

2013-10-01

143

30 CFR 585.831 - What incidents must I report, and when must I report them?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SHELF Environmental and Safety Management, Inspections, and Facility Assessments for Activities Conducted...moving vessel (including an aircraft) striking another vessel...Incidents that damage or disable safety systems or equipment...

2012-07-01

144

30 CFR 285.831 - What incidents must I report, and when must I report them?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SHELF Environmental and Safety Management, Inspections, and Facility Assessments for Activities Conducted...moving vessel (including an aircraft) striking another vessel...Incidents that damage or disable safety systems or equipment...

2010-07-01

145

30 CFR 585.831 - What incidents must I report, and when must I report them?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SHELF Environmental and Safety Management, Inspections, and Facility Assessments for Activities Conducted...moving vessel (including an aircraft) striking another vessel...Incidents that damage or disable safety systems or equipment...

2013-07-01

146

30 CFR 585.831 - What incidents must I report, and when must I report them?  

...SHELF Environmental and Safety Management, Inspections, and Facility Assessments for Activities Conducted...moving vessel (including an aircraft) striking another vessel...Incidents that damage or disable safety systems or equipment...

2014-07-01

147

30 CFR 285.831 - What incidents must I report, and when must I report them?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SHELF Environmental and Safety Management, Inspections, and Facility Assessments for Activities Conducted...moving vessel (including an aircraft) striking another vessel...Incidents that damage or disable safety systems or equipment...

2011-07-01

148

Epidemiology of neurologically disabling disorders.  

PubMed

Neurological disorders place a considerable burden upon individuals, their families, and society. Some like stroke are common, while others like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are much rarer. Some conditions such as multiple sclerosis are reported to vary by latitude, while others such as traumatic brain injury can vary considerably by locality. Depending upon the nature of the lesion, and factors such as time since onset, the consequences to the individual may also vary considerably, not just among different disorders, but within a given disorder. Consequently the patterns of disease incidence, its prevalence, and its consequences are complex and may vary not just because of the condition itself, but also because, for example, case ascertainment may vary from study to study. The cumulative annual incidence of disabling neurological disorders is likely to exceed 1000 per 100000, or 1% of the population. The incidence is characterized by significant variation, which is mediated by genetic, geographical, demographic, and environmental factors. While useful comparisons can be made through standardization techniques, planning for local services should be based upon local epidemiology, whenever available. PMID:23312632

Tennant, Alan

2013-01-01

149

National Council on Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Care Housing International Long Term Services & Supports Technology Transportation Youth Perspectives Tweets by @NatCounDis Policy Toolkits Deinstitutionalization Understanding Disability in Indian Country Contact ...

150

"So Much Potential in Reading!" Developing Meaningful Literacy Routines for Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with multiple disabilities, often experience challenges in communication, mobility, and learning. Despite these challenges, substantial research exists that documents successful educational methods and strategies for these students. Specifically, students with multiple disabilities have successfully been taught to use a voice output…

Fenlon, Amanda G.; McNabb, Jessica; Pidlypchak, Harmony

2010-01-01

151

Support for Students with Disabilities in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing services for students with disabilities, it is important to emphasize that this term encompasses a variety of physical and cognitive challenges faced by individuals, including learning disabilities such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), mobility impairment, hearing/visual…

Zarkesh, Maryam

2004-01-01

152

Disability Employment Awareness Month: Census Bureau Data on Disability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau observes October as Disability Employment Awareness Month with statistics pertaining to disabled employees in the United States workforce. Almost one in five Americans, or 54 million, report that they have some kind of disability; 26 million say their disability is severe. During the employable years, between the ages of 21 and 64, 82 percent of non-disabled Americans held jobs or businesses, as compared with 77 percent of those with nonsevere disabilities, and 26 percent of Americans with severe disabilities. In 1991, only 23 percent of Americans with severe disabilities had jobs, representing a three percent rise.

153

Disability and Health: Healthy Living  

MedlinePLUS

... the Health and Wellness of Persons with Disabilities Health Care Reform Health care reform for Americans with disabilities: Learn more about the Affordable Care Act . Getting the Best Possible Health Care People with disabilities must get the care ...

154

Note-Taking Techniques for Students with Disabilities: A Systematic Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a synthesis of note-taking research among students with learning disabilities or other high-incidence disabilities. A search of the professional literature between 1980 and 2010 yielded nine intervention studies, which were evaluated either in terms of effect size or percentage of nonoverlapping data. The studies examined…

Boyle, Joseph R.; Rivera, Tina Z.

2012-01-01

155

Sexual Abuse of Individuals with Disabilities: Prevention Strategies for Clinical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities occurs in alarming proportions, although the prevalence and incidence of such abuse is difficult to determine. Although all states maintain statistics on child sexual abuse, the rate of victimization for individuals with disabilities is not specific. This paper reviews several studies conducted on…

McEachern, Adriana G.

2012-01-01

156

Mild Intellectual Disabilities: Legacies and Trends in Concepts and Educational Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intellectual disability has been considered a high incidence disability in special education since the inception of the field in the United States. The purpose of this article is to evaluate current educational programs and practices for students who historically and commonly have been referred to as having mild mental retardation. The article…

Polloway, Edward A.; Lubin, Jacqueline; Smith, J. David; Patton, James R.

2010-01-01

157

Hypertension Among US Adults by Disability Status and Type, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001–2010  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of hypertension among people with disabilities is not well understood. We combined data from the 2001–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to obtain estimates of hypertension prevalence by disability status and type (cognitive, hearing, vision, or mobility limitation) and assess the association between disability and hypertension. Overall, 34% of adults with disabilities had hypertension compared with 27% of adults without disabilities; adults with mobility limitations were more likely to have hypertension than adults without disabilities (adjusted prevalence ratio: 1.23; 95% confidence interval: 1.16–1.32). Our results suggest that adults living with disabilities are an important subpopulation to include in hypertension reporting and intervention efforts. PMID:25121351

Courtney-Long, Elizabeth; Gillespie, Cathleen; Armour, Brian S.

2014-01-01

158

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments October 15, 2011-February 1, 2012  

E-print Network

Mobile Learning Initiative Summary of Accomplishments October 15, 2011- February 1, 2012 1. Two m who are focused on the assessment of the use of mobile learning. 2. With Mobile Learning Initiative on how mobile devices should be configured for students with disabilities. 3. Relevant accessibility apps

Barrash, Warren

159

Learning Disabilities and Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides information on preparing individuals with learning disabilities for the challenges of employment and outlines the rights of those with learning disabilities in the workplace. Introductory chapters in Part 1 include: "Life after School: Challenges in the Workplace" (Paul J. Gerber); "The New Economy in the 21st Century:…

Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Brown, Dale S., Ed.

160

Analyzing Disability Accommodation Statements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have indicated that the willingness of faculty members to accommodate students with disabilities differs according to academic discipline and instructor gender. The authors examined the attitudes of faculty members toward students with disabilities as reflected in course syllabi to discern instructor willingness to accommodate these…

Barnard-Brak, L.; Lan, W. Y.

2011-01-01

161

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service. The Service facilitates students' full inclusion in academic life and Dyslexia Support Service? 3 2. How to contact us 4 3. Applying to the university and accessing support 5 a/from the University 30 l. Securing personal care support 31 Index 32 #12;3 1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia

Li, Yi

162

Disabilities in Written Expression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regular education teachers may have received inadequate preparation to work with the variety of student disabilities encountered in the classroom, or they may have received limited training regarding the full range of learning disabilities and their effects on classroom performance. Along with problems in the area of math, students may also have…

Gardner, Teresa J.

2011-01-01

163

Assessment of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment and diagnosis of learning disabilities (LD) in the school is problematic. How do educators determine who is learning disabled? What practices are recommended? The main focus of the paper is on specific, relatively technical points that influence the validity of assessment. Since technical concerns are only one of the factors…

Shepard, Lorrie A.

164

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. President Bush's position is that he "will not be satisfied until every American who wants a job can find a job,…

US Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

165

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. President Bush's position is that he "will not be satisfied until every American who wants to work can find a…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

166

Educating Disabled Kids.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite many accomplishments since the passing of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, not all disabled children are benefiting from the law. Examples are cited from Douglas Biklen's study of schools that have achieved the integration of disabled and nondisabled students. (MLF)

Johnson, Mary

1986-01-01

167

Ghana: Disability and Spirituality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study explores the educational system and attitudes toward disability in the Volta Region of Ghana. Traditional, Christian, and Islamic beliefs toward disability are explored. Educators from Accra and three families from the Volta Region with children with special needs are interviewed in an effort to explore the connection…

Botts, Betsy H.; Evans, William H.

2010-01-01

168

Disciplining Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discipline in schools can be difficult, especially when dealing with students with disabilities. In fact, Clash (2006) reported that working with students with disabilities under stringent legal demands has become a source of stress for many principals. The typical principal has not received extensive preservice or inservice training in this area.…

Burton, Janieth

2012-01-01

169

INSTITUTE ON DISABILITY AND  

E-print Network

the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 (the DD Act), UCEDDs are a resource as a complex phenomenon. It is the first PhD program dedicated to Disability Studies in the United States and Human Development (IDHD), the UCEDD for the State of Illinois, was established on July 1, 1988

Dai, Yang

170

Disability Evaluation in Japan  

PubMed Central

To examine the current state and social ramifications of disability evaluation in Japan, public data from Annual Reports on Health and Welfare 1998-1999 were investigated. All data were analyzed based on the classification of disabilities and the effects of age-appropriate welfare services, which have been developed through a half-century of legislative efforts to support disability evaluation. These data suggest that disability evaluation, while essentially affected by age and impairment factors at a minimum, was impacted more by the assistive environment for disabilities. The assistive environment was found to be closely linked with the welfare support system related to a global assessment in the field of community-based rehabilitation. PMID:19503677

2009-01-01

171

Injury prevention for children with disabilities.  

PubMed

Little injury data exists for children who have disabilities. There is an urgent need to address injury prevention and to improve safety standards for this group. Understanding the epidemiology of injuries will allow clinicians to accurately advise patients and their families on individual risks and counsel them in steps to take to reduce those risks. Safety information must be tailored to consider each child's functional impairments. All children who have disabilities are at risk for maltreatment. Open discussion of this problem is warranted given the immensity of the problem. Identifying parental concerns and supporting parents in the use of respite resources are appropriate. For children who have problems in mobility, falls are the number one concern. Collaboration with reliable vendors and therapists that adhere to standards for safe seating is essential for reducing the risk of wheelchair tips and falls. In addition, therapists should be directed to provide mobility training for activities from safe transfers to street crossing in a community setting. Parents should be counseled to approach their child's injury risk based on the child's cognitive and behavioral level rather than their chronological level. Knowledge of the child's developmental quotient or intelligence quotient will also allow the clinician to accurately formulate an injury prevention plan. Many children will always need supervision for tasks that put them in situations of injury risk (i.e., swimming, street crossing, bathing). Sensorineural deficits such as blindness or deafness create significant alterations in negotiating the environment and an increased risk of injury. Awareness of the special needs for fire risk reduction and street safety are critical in this population. The collection of injury data is critical to define the scope of the problem and to influence changes in policy and the development of technical standards. Educational efforts focused on safety should include pediatricians, rehabilitative therapists, social workers, teachers, parents, and--most importantly--the empowerment of children as they age injury-free into adults. SUGGESTED STRATEGIES: A national injury surveillance system for children who have disabilities should be developed to identify injury risk factors for children with disabilities. Children with disabilities should be monitored as a separate risk group in data collection regarding injuries. Parents should be aware of the cognitive level of their child and its influence on their injury risk. Crash testing on passenger restraints should include crash dummies whose physical characteristics resemble those of children who have disabilities. Families should have an emergency evacuation plan with specific consideration of their disabled child in the event of an emergency. Risk of burns to insensate skin and risks of thermal and friction trauma should be discussed when appropriate. The fire department and the police department should be notified of the presence of a child who has a disability in the home. Parents must be aware of the risk of falls to children who are mobile but cognitively impaired and to those in wheelchairs regardless of cognitive ability. Hospitals must have Child Protective Services teams with specific training in abuse to children with disabilities. Discussion of maltreatment risk should be addressed during routine office visits and appropriate resources should be made available to provide support to families. Educational programs should be developed to alert providers to the risks of abuse of children who have disabilities. PMID:12465566

Gaebler-Spira, Deborah; Thornton, Lisa S

2002-11-01

172

Research into Telecommunications Options for People with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with a disability do not have equitable access to the modern telecommunication medium. Many experience difficulty typing, handling the phone, dialing, or answering calls. For those who are unable to speak, the only option is to type messages using whatever functional control site exists on their body. The provision of accessible mobile

Nguyen, Toan; Garrett, Rob; Downing, Andrew; Walker, Lloyd; Hobbs, David

2007-01-01

173

Ubiquitous Yet Unique: Perspectives of People With Disabilities on Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study was grounded in a qualitative framework and used a focus group method to examine the meanings that individuals with disabilities (e.g., permanent mobility impairments, sensory impairments) attach to their experiences of stress, as well as major sources or causes of stress in these individuals' lives. Overall, the data showed…

Iwasaki, Yoshitaka; Mactavish, Jennifer B.

2005-01-01

174

Notions of Self: Lived Realities of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To research children's notions of self, semi-structured interviews, drawings and focused group discussions were used with 14 children with mobility "impairments" aged 11-16 years. The objective was to capture children's "lived realities". Findings illuminated immense variation and fluidity in children's understanding of "disability". Children…

Singh, Vanessa; Ghai, Anita

2009-01-01

175

Disability and Health: Exploring the Disablement Experience of Young Adult African Americans  

PubMed Central

Purpose The objective of this study was to examine disablement as experienced by young adult African American men and women with permanent mobility impairment. Methods This study included a sample of 5 male and 5 female participants ranging in age from 22 to 39. An exploratory descriptive design and qualitative methods, including interviews and fieldnotes, were used. Interview data was analyzed using the process of inductive qualitative content analysis. Results Basic desires for independence, shared intimacy, and psychological and physical health were not diminished by physical limitations. The disablement experience of this group is reflected in the themes of “Cumulative Losses” and “Sustained Desires.” The findings of this study describe the high level of motivation that young adult African American men and women with disabilities have to improve levels of health and well-being within the context of their impairments. Conclusion This study provides a better understanding of the contextual factors and experiences that may contribute to the development of further disability and subsequent health-related problems over time. Increased knowledge of the disablement experience of these young men and women may assist health care entities and social service providers in improving health care and rehabilitation efforts targeting this group. PMID:23745770

Harrison, Tracie

2013-01-01

176

An Exploration of Community Learning Disability Nurses' Therapeutic Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review and primary qualitative research explores therapeutic role from the perspective of Community Learning Disability Nurses. Semi-structured interviews, based on Critical Incident Technique ("Psychol Bull", 51, 1954, 327), and descriptive phenomenological methodology were adopted to elicit data amenable to systematic content…

Marsham, Marian

2012-01-01

177

Workplace Factors Associated with Preventing and Managing Work Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides empirical evidence about the relationship between policies and practices and the incidence and outcomes of work disability, controlling for organizational factors. Describes the employer self-assessment survey instrument designed for the study and the eight independent variables explored within Michigan establishments (N=220) in seven…

Habeck, Rochelle V.; Hunt, H. Allan; VanTol, Brett

1998-01-01

178

Return to Work After Temporary Disability Pension in Finland.  

PubMed

Purpose When it is possible that the employee's work ability can be restored through treatment or rehabilitation, disability pension in Finland is granted for a fixed period. We examined which factors are associated with return to work (RTW) after such temporary disability pension. Methods The study included all Finnish residents whose temporary disability pension from the earnings-related pension system started in 2008 (N = 10,269). Competing risks regression analysis was applied to examine register-based determinants for RTW after temporary disability pension due to mental disorders, musculoskeletal diseases, other diseases, and injury over a 4-year follow-up period. Results The overall cumulative incidence of RTW was 25 %. RTW was more probable after temporary disability pension due to injury and musculoskeletal diseases and less probable after temporary disability pension due to mental disorders. Younger age and higher education increased RTW but differences between genders, private and public sector employees, and occupational classes were relatively small. The probability of RTW was higher among those who were employed before their temporary disability pension (subhazard ratio in multivariate analysis 2.41 (95 % CI 2.13-2.72) and among the 9 % who participated in vocational rehabilitation during their pension [SHR 2.10 (95 % CI 1.90-2.31)]. With some exceptions, the results were fairly similar for all diagnostic causes of temporary disability pension. Conclusion Return to work after temporary disability pension was relatively uncommon. Nevertheless, in all diagnostic groups RTW continued for the whole follow-up period. The low educated and those not employed before temporary disability pension need more support in their RTW. The strong association between vocational rehabilitation and RTW suggests that increasing rehabilitation among those with impaired work ability may promote RTW. PMID:25385200

Laaksonen, Mikko; Gould, Raija

2014-11-11

179

Paralympic Athletes and "Knowing Disability"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores non-disabled young people's understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and…

Fitzgerald, Hayley

2012-01-01

180

Reflections on Growing Up Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book offers firsthand accounts of the experiences and perceptions of disabled persons, as well as the views of parents of disabled children. Entries include the following titles: "Reflections of Disabled Children" (J. Umbreit and D. Baker); "The Handicap That Had No Name" (D. Brown); "Orthopedically Disabled: Determination on Wheels" (D.…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

181

Syracuse University Gender, Disability & Sexuality  

E-print Network

Syracuse University CFE/WS 700 Gender, Disability & Sexuality: Seminar in Feminist Disability, such as gender, race, sexuality, and social class. Issues explored within feminist disability studies are wide--Researching gender/race/class/sexuality from a disability studies lens. In groups of 3 or 4, choose a research topic

Mather, Patrick T.

182

People with Learning Disabilities Living in Community-Based Homes: The Relationship of Quality of Life with Age and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Living in a Supervised Home: A Questionnaire on Quality of Life" was used to study the relationship between age, disability, and the quality of life of 57 older adults with mental retardation. Results indicated that age was associated with greater self-help skills but more mobility and continence problems; also, age was positively associated with…

Jones, J.; And Others

1996-01-01

183

Children with disabilities in low-income countries  

PubMed Central

Disability is a major public health concern worldwide and the situation for children with disabilities is even more serious. The present article will focus on the issue of children with disabilities in low-income countries. Approximately one-third of the world’s disabled population is children and many of these disabling conditions are preventable. In Africa, one the foremost causes of disability is infectious and communicable disease; the incidence of these diseases have been greatly reduced or eliminated in higher income countries. Other causes include war, trauma, accidents, and congenital and noninfectious diseases. The recent HIV/AIDS epidemic has further contributed to the prevalence of disability because many people living with HIV develop different types of impairments and functional limitations. Community-based rehabilitation is one approach that has been used in many low-income countries and which often focuses on children and their families. The work of one organization providing community-based rehabilitation in Tanzania is highlighted. The experiences of the coauthors in their work in Tanzania provide some field examples. For those readers who would like to become involved in international health, opportunities for engagement are described, including short-and long-term volunteer service or research experiences. PMID:19668630

Cameron, Debra L; Nixon, Stephanie; Parnes, Penny; Pidsadny, Mia

2005-01-01

184

Incidents of Security Concern  

SciTech Connect

This presentation addresses incidents of security concern and an incident program for addressing them. It addresses the phases of an inquiry, and it divides incidents into categories based on severity and interest types based on whether security, management, or procedural interests are involved. A few scenarios are then analyzed according to these breakdowns.

Atencio, Julian J.

2014-05-01

185

Developmental Disabilities Institute presents expert on disability and The Developmental Disabilities Institute (DDI) welcomes professor, researcher  

E-print Network

for individuals with disabilities. Martin is a professor of kinesiology, health and sport studies at Wayne State University. His research focuses on the psychosocial aspects of disability sport and physical activity. HeDevelopmental Disabilities Institute presents expert on disability and exercise The Developmental

Berdichevsky, Victor

186

What Are Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... the most common learning disabilities include the following: Dyslexia. This condition causes problems with language skills, particularly reading. People with dyslexia may have difficulty spelling, understanding sentences, and recognizing ...

187

DisabilityInfo.gov  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On August 28, 2002, President George W. Bush issued an executive memorandum as part of the New Freedom Initiative that directed all federal agencies to cooperate in building an interagency Web portal for people with disabilities, their families, employers, and the general public. As a result of this directive, DisabilityInfo.gov was developed to service these different groups. The site is divided into ten broad thematic areas, including housing, education, health, technology, and civil rights. Within each area, visitors can look through a number of press releases and links dealing with each area and, in many cases, specifically addressing the rights of the disabled. The site includes a search engine and, appropriately enough, is also available in several different versions, including a high-contrast version. Finally, the site also contains a number of federal grant opportunities for persons and organizations serving and working on behalf of the disabled.

188

The effect of smoking on the duration of life with and without disability, Belgium 1997–2011  

PubMed Central

Background Smoking is the single most important health threat yet there is no consistency as to whether non-smokers experience a compression of years lived with disability compared to (ex-)smokers. The objectives of the manuscript are (1) to assess the effect of smoking on the average years lived without disability (Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE)) and with disability (Disability Life Expectancy (DLE)) and (2) to estimate the extent to which these effects are due to better survival or reduced disability in never smokers. Methods Data on disability and mortality were provided by the Belgian Health Interview Survey 1997 and 2001 and a 10 years mortality follow-up of the survey participants. Disability was defined as difficulties in activities of daily living (ADL), in mobility, in continence or in sensory (vision, hearing) functions. Poisson and multinomial logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the probabilities of death and the prevalence of disability by age, gender and smoking status adjusted for socioeconomic position. The Sullivan method was used to estimate DFLE and DLE at age 30. The contribution of mortality and of disability to smoking related differences in DFLE and DLE was assessed using decomposition methods. Results Compared to never smokers, ex-smokers have a shorter life expectancy (LE) and DFLE but the number of years lived with disability is somewhat larger. For both sexes, the higher disability prevalence is the main contributing factor to the difference in DFLE and DLE. Smokers have a shorter LE, DFLE and DLE compared to never smokers. Both higher mortality and higher disability prevalence contribute to the difference in DFLE, but mortality is more important among males. Although both male and female smokers experience higher disability prevalence, their higher mortality outweighs their disability disadvantage resulting in a shorter DLE. Conclusion Smoking kills and shortens both life without and life with disability. Smoking related disability can however not be ignored, given its contribution to the excess years with disability especially in younger age groups. PMID:25026981

2014-01-01

189

Using iPads with Students with Disabilities: Lessons Learned from Students, Teachers, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile technology has increased greatly in recent years. Although the research in this area is still in its infancy, preliminary studies are showing a positive impact on the skills and academic engagement of students with disabilities. This column provides an overview of a selection of research studies involving mobile devices such as…

Draper Rodríguez, Cathi; Strnadová, Iva; Cumming, Therese

2014-01-01

190

A Review of Balance and Gait Capacities in Relation to Falls in Persons with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limitations in mobility are common in persons with intellectual disabilities (ID). As balance and gait capacities are key aspects of mobility, the prevalence of balance and gait problems is also expected to be high in this population. The objective of this study was to critically review the available literature on balance and gait characteristics…

Enkelaar, Lotte; Smulders, Ellen; van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, Henny; Geurts, Alexander C. H.; Weerdesteyn, Vivian

2012-01-01

191

Utilitarianism, Disability, and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a What are the social implications of utilitarianism with respect to disability? In this chapter I give a rough answer to this\\u000a question: the implications are well in accordance with our common sense thinking, once various prejudices in relation to disability\\u000a have been exposed. In order to be able to establish this claim, there are some obvious preliminaries that must be

Torbjörn Tännsjö

192

Disaster and disabilities  

E-print Network

to consider medical and other special needs of their employees with disabili- ties should a disaster occur during the work day. In both congregate housing and work environments, an accessible built environment (Christensen, Collins, Holt, & Phillips, 2006.... W. (2006). Academic and behavioral reactions of children with disabilities to the loss of a firefighter father. Review of Disability Studies, 2(3), 68–77. Christensen, K. M., Collins, S. D., Holt, J. M., & Phillips, C. N. (2006). The relationship...

Stough, Laura

2014-01-01

193

Categories of Disability under IDEA Law  

MedlinePLUS

... fully meet the definition (and eligibility for special education and related services) as a “child with a disability,” a child’s educational performance ... disability Multiple disabilities Orthopedic ...

194

Mobile robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents papers given at a conference on mobile robots. Topics the conference included are the following: mobility systems for robotic vehicles; detection and control of mobile robot motion by real-time computer vision, obstacle avoidance algorithms for an autonomous land vehicle; hierarchical processor and matched filters for range image processing; asynchronous distributed control system for a mobile robot, and,

W. J. Wolfe; N. Marquina

1986-01-01

195

Accuracy and Precision of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Computer-Adaptive Tests (PEDI-CAT)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: The aims of the study were to: (1) build new item banks for a revised version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) with four content domains: daily activities, mobility, social/cognitive, and responsibility; and (2) use post-hoc simulations based on the combined normative and disability calibration samples to assess the…

Haley, Stephen M.; Coster, Wendy J.; Dumas, Helene M.; Fragala-Pinkham, Maria A.; Kramer, Jessica; Ni, Pengsheng; Tian, Feng; Kao, Ying-Chia; Moed, Rich; Ludlow, Larry H.

2011-01-01

196

Crosschecking the mobile web for people with visual impairments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a reflection on the assessment of mobile Web content for people with disabilities. It proposes a rationale for an evaluation framework considering: (1) the coherent merge of state of the art guidelines on Web accessibility and mobile best practices; and (2) the usage of current and prospective practices particularly for people with visual impairments. It also presents

Luís Carriço; Rui Lopes; Rogério Bandeira

2011-01-01

197

Designing a Community Study of Moderately to Severely Disabled Older Women: The Women's Health and Aging Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: This paper reports on the design of a community-based study focusing on the effects of prevalent and incident disease and other modifying influences, on changes in functioning among moderately and severely disabled elderly women over a 3-year period (the Women's Health and Aging Study (WHAS)). METHODS: An approach to conceptualizing and assessing disability which captured functional diffi- culty across

JUDITH D. KASPER; SAM SHAPIRO; JACK M. GURALNIK; KAREN J. BANDEEN-ROCHE; LINDA P. FRIED

198

Disability in multiple sclerosis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To create a reference table of disability outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS) that would enable patients to rank their disability relative to others' with similar disease duration and to develop a cost-effective research tool for comparing MS severity across patient populations and time periods. Methods: The North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry collects disability data from patients with MS on a validated, 9-point Patient-Determined Disease Steps (PDDS) scale. We compiled the Disability Expectancy Table, which displays cumulative frequencies of PDDS scores for each year of disease duration, from 0 to 45 years. We also tabulated disease duration–adjusted mean ranks of PDDS scores, referred to as Patient-derived MS Severity Scores (P-MSSS). Results: The cohort consisted of 27,918 NARCOMS enrollees, 72.7% of whom were female and 90.1% of whom were white. Mean age at symptom onset was 30.1 ± 10.1 years, and age at enrollment was 47.1 ± 11.0 years. The Disability Expectancy Table and P-MSSS afford a detailed overview of disability outcomes in a large MS cohort over a 45-year period. In the first year of disease, 15% of patients reported need of ambulatory aid, and 4% needed bilateral assistance or worse; after 45 years of disease, 76% of patients required ambulatory aid, and 52% bilateral assistance or worse. Proportion of patients who reported minimal or no interference in daily activities (PDDS ? 1) declined from 63% in the first year to 8% after 45 years of disease. Conclusion: The Disability Expectancy Table allows individual patients to determine how their disability ranks relative to NARCOMS enrollees with the same disease duration. P-MSSS may be used to compare disability across patient populations and to track disease progression in patient cohorts. P-MSSS does not require a formal neurologic examination and may therefore find wide applicability as a practical and cost-effective outcome measure in epidemiologic studies. PMID:23427319

Chamot, Eric; Salter, Amber R.; Cutter, Gary R.; Bacon, Tamar E.; Herbert, Joseph

2013-01-01

199

INCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORT DEPARTMENT: LOCATION OF INCIDENT  

E-print Network

/ILLNESS: NATURE OF INJURY/ILLNESS: TIME ON TASK: PERSON REPORTING INCIDENT: OBJECT/EQUIPMENT/SUBSTANCE INVOLVED REACTION NOISE LASER, RADIATION RISK EVALUATION OF LOSS POTENTIAL IF NOT CORRECTED: SEVERITY: SEVERE Personal Factors Operating equipment without authority Operating equipment without authority Inadequate

Waterloo, University of

200

Math Disabilities and Reading Disabilities: Can They Be Separated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article synthesizes some of the published literature that selectively compares the cognitive functioning of children with math disabilities (MDs) with average-achieving children and poor readers (children with reading disabilities [RDs] or comorbid disabilities [RDs + MDs]). All studies in the synthesis report reading, IQ, and math scores for…

Swanson, H. Lee; Jerman, Olga; Zheng, Xinhua

2009-01-01

201

Disability and Employment. Disability Statistics Abstract Number 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statistical abstract summarizes recent data on the relationship between disability and employment. The statistics come from the Current Population Survey, the Census Bureau's Survey of Income and Program Participation, a poll of 1,000 Americans with disabilities, and administrative data on recipients of Social Security Disability Insurance…

LaPlante, Mitchell P.; Kennedy, Jae; Kaye, H. Stephen; Wenger, Barbara L.

202

Essays on disability and employment  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays which examine the impact of public policy on labor market outcomes of those with disabilities. The first essay analyzes a microlending program for people with disabilities in ...

Thompkins, Allison V. (Allison Victoria)

2011-01-01

203

Disability and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... patients with CFS. Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (Blue Book - September 2008) The SSA has prepared the Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (known as the Blue Book) to help physicians and healthcare professionals understand ...

204

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

PubMed Central

The World Health Organizations International Classification of Diseases is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the ICD has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field, requiring that all “conditions” in the ICD be named as a “disorder.” This article discusses the effect of naming on how people with intellectual disability are perceived by others and how they perceive themselves. The importance of continuing to move the field toward the adoption of functional/person-environment fit models of disability is discussed. “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.”William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet (II, ii, 1–2) PMID:23537360

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2014-01-01

205

Madness as disability.  

PubMed

How does society imagine mental illness? Does this shift radically over time and with different social attitudes as well as scientific discoveries about the origins and meanings of mental illness? What happens when we begin to think about mental illness as madness, as a malleable concept constantly shifting its meaning? We thus look at the meanings associated with 'general paralysis of the insane' in the nineteenth century and autism today in regard to disability. In this case study we examine the claims by scholars such as the anthropologist Emily Martin and the psychiatrist Kay Jamison as to the relationship between mental illness, disability and creativity. Today, the health sciences have become concerned with mental illness as a form of disability. How does this change the meaning of madness for practitioners and patients? PMID:25395442

Gilman, Sander L

2014-12-01

206

Commentary on measuring disability.  

PubMed

This is a commentary on 5 articles in this issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that report on several related studies of new approaches to measuring disability. The project was grounded in theory, beginning with the development of a conceptual framework enhanced by a literature review and expert consultation within and outside of the Social Security Administration. The investigators then used item response theory to develop test items, which they organized into computer adaptive testing instruments and tested them for their psychometric properties. All in all, it is a groundbreaking set of studies and an enormously valuable contribution to the field. Hopefully it will also be tested as an alternative approach to assessing disability in the Social Security Administration disability benefits programs. PMID:23770279

Goldman, Howard H

2013-09-01

207

Information Incident Response Procedure  

E-print Network

Information Incident Response Procedure Authority The Information Incident Response Procedure (IIRP) is authorized under the UWM Information Security Policy S59; section III-D (http://www4.uwm Information Security Office, and UWM Internal Audit. This document will be reviewed and updated annually

Saldin, Dilano

208

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning…

1994

209

SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES  

E-print Network

, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990 and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008. The ADA regulations broadly, cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genitor-urinary, hemic, lymphatic, or endocrine systems, or the skins of an otherwise qualified student with a disability. It is the responsibility of the student with a disability

Farritor, Shane

210

Disabled People in Japanese Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume is intended to give readers a glimpse of the day-to-day life of disabled people in Japan. Eight brief papers present life experiences of a mentally retarded preschooler, severely disabled children, a child with muscular dystrophy, a young girl with polio living in the community, visually disabled and recovering mentally ill people…

Kojima, Yoko, Ed.; And Others

211

Disability Studies: Information and Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reflects the diversity of the field of Disability Studies, including contributions representing different disability groups, perspectives, and disciplines. Resource information is presented in nine sections: (1) Books, Chapters, and Articles; (2) Films and Documentaries; (3) Academic Programs in Disability Studies in North America;…

Taylor, Steven, Ed.; Shoultz, Bonnie, Ed.; Walker, Pamela, Ed.

2003-01-01

212

Specific Learning Disabilities: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook provides information to aid both regular and special education teachers in managing the curriculum for learning disabled students. Section I provides an introduction to the area of specific learning disabilities with chapters on the diagnostic process and on the distinction between slow learners and specific learning disabilities.…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Special Education Instructional Materials Center.

213

Challenging the Myth of Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the rhetoric of disability, including physical, hearing, and visual impairments, highlights possible benefits that computer technology can provide. Designing for disabled individuals is discussed, and product development efforts by Apple Computer to increase microcomputer access to disabled children and adults are described. (LRW)

Brightman, Alan

1989-01-01

214

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews court cases in 1999 related to disability discrimination in higher education focusing on the Americans with Disabilities Act and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The "Garrett" case regarding Eleventh Amendment immunity is the case most likely to be significant in the development of the law of disability discrimination. (SLD)

Weber, Mark C.

2000-01-01

215

Staying Mobile  

MedlinePLUS

... Mobile Staying Mobile In this article Effective symptom management Ongoing management of symptoms caused by MS is ... Finding the right shoes can make all the difference. Automobile adaptations When symptoms of MS such as ...

216

Polarization Diversity System for Mobile Radio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional space diversity reception at typical elevated base locations requites separation of 30? for broadside incidence and even more for in-line incidence and is therefore difficult to implement. A polarization diversity system for mobile radio is proposed. This is a two-branch receiver diversity system with the advantage that the base station antennas can be spaced as closely as desired. An

W. Lee; Yu Yeh

1972-01-01

217

Mobile Visual Aid Tools for Users with Visual Impairments  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter we describe “MobileEye”, a software suite which converts a camera enabled mobile device into a multi-function\\u000a vision tool that can assist the visually impaired in their daily activities. MobileEye consists of four subsystems, each customized\\u000a for a specific type of visual disabilities: A color channel mapper which can tell the visually impaired different colors;\\u000a a software based

Xu Liu; David S. Doermann; Huiping Li

2008-01-01

218

Safer Science: Making Adjustments for Mobility-Impaired Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students' mobility impairments need to be addressed for access to and safety in science laboratories. Typical accommodations for mobility-impaired students include workstations, sinks, fume hoods, and safety eyewashes and showers, in addition to other adaptations. The following are some of the higher profile accommodations based primarily on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS) expectations for mobility-impaired students and faculty members.

Ken Roy

2008-07-01

219

Mobile robots  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers given at a conference on mobile robots. Topics the conference included are the following: mobility systems for robotic vehicles; detection and control of mobile robot motion by real-time computer vision, obstacle avoidance algorithms for an autonomous land vehicle; hierarchical processor and matched filters for range image processing; asynchronous distributed control system for a mobile robot, and, planning in a hierarchical nested autonomous control system.

Wolfe, W.J.; Marquina, N.

1986-01-01

220

Disability Benefits Available Under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC) Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC)— administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) respectively—are two of the largest federal disability programs, but strongly differ along several dimensions, including the populations served, how each program defines a “disability,” as well as varying eligibility requirements.\\u000aThis report provides a description

Umar Moulta-Ali

2012-01-01

221

Disability and Health  

MedlinePLUS

... ageing in their 40s and 50s. Engaging in health risk behaviours Some studies have indicated that people with disabilities have higher rates of risky behaviours such as smoking, poor diet and ... depending on the health condition. However an investigation in the United Kingdom ...

222

Math Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article Dr. Kate Garnett defines five areas of math learning disabilities and provides suggestions on how adequate differentiated instruction and modifications can help students overcome these obstacles. The five areas are: Mastering Basic Number Facts, Arithmetic Weakness/Math Talent, The Written Symbol and Concrete Materials, The Language of Math, and Visual-Spatial Aspects of Math.

Kate Garnett

1998-01-01

223

Iowans with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Goldfinch" is a magazine aimed at introducing young people to Iowa history. Each issue has a different topic which is discussed in detail throughout that issue. There are articles which describe different aspects of the topic. The topic for this particular issue is "Iowans with Disabilities." Featured articles from this issue include:…

Ruth, Amy, Ed.

1997-01-01

224

Sexuality and Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... esteem, body image and awareness, emotional growth, and social behavior. People with intellectual or developmental disabilities frequently lack access to appropriate sex education in schools and other settings. At the same ... and social relationships. The presence of an intellectual or developmental ...

225

Learning Disabilities in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines five factors which appear to contribute to learning disabilities among adult basic education (ABE) learners. While the research literature does not provide a comprehensive basis for describing how the disadvantaged learn, it does lead the authors to make eight helpful suggestions for the ABE teacher. (JDS)

Glass, J. Conrad, Jr.; Hoffman, Lee McGraw

1976-01-01

226

Fluid blade disablement tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fluid blade disablement (FBD) tool that forms both a focused fluid projectile that resembles a blade, which can provide precision penetration of a barrier wall, and a broad fluid projectile that functions substantially like a hammer, which can produce general disruption of structures behind the barrier wall. Embodiments of the FBD tool comprise a container capable of holding fluid,

Juan-Carlos Jakaboski; Chance G. Hughs; Steven N. Todd

2012-01-01

227

Handbook of Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge about developmental disabilities: neuroscientific and genetic foundations; the impact on health, learning, and behavior; and effective educational and clinical practices. Leading authorities analyze what works in intervening with diverse children and families, from infancy…

Odom, Samuel L., Ed.; Horner, Robert H., Ed.; Snell, Martha E., Ed.; Blacher, Jan, Ed.

2007-01-01

228

Non-Disabled Children's Ideas about Disability and Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses findings from an Economic and Social Research Council-funded study exploring non-disabled children's ideas about disability. This represents the first in-depth sociological investigation of children's ideas about disabled people as members of wider society. Data are presented from focus group discussions with…

Beckett, Angharad E.

2014-01-01

229

Epidemiology. The incidence and management of joint contracture in India.  

PubMed

An epidemiologic study in India showed that 50% of the severely disabled (1.8% of the total population) had locomotor disorders. There is a considerable difference in the incidence of disability and disease in rural and urban populations. The deformities from poliomyelitis are encountered predominantly in the rural areas (53.5%). The incidence in urban areas is only 1%. After poliomyelitis, the pathomechanics of deformity are prominent in the lower limbs. In a developing country, the management of contractures differs considerably from treatment in economically advanced nations. The use of postural exercises with body weight is well illustrated by certain Yoga postures such as paschimottansana or ushtrasana and is a prescribed treatment. PMID:3581587

Mukherjee, A K; Mokashi, M G

1987-06-01

230

Mobility Models for Mobility Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The main goals of today’s wireless mobile telecommunication systems are to provide both, mobility and ubiquity to mobile terminals\\u000a (MTs) with a required quality of service. By ubiquity we understand the ability of a MT to be connected to the network anytime,\\u000a anywhere, regardless of the access channel’s characteristics. In this chapter we deal with mobility aspects. We provide some

Vicente Casares Giner; Vicent Pla; Pablo Escalle-García

2011-01-01

231

Genetic basis of cognitive disability  

PubMed Central

The importance of genetic influences on cognitive disability has been recognized for a long time, but molecular analysis has only recently begun to yield insights into the pathogenesis of this common and disabling condition. The availability of genome sequences has enabled the characterization of the chromosomal deletions and trisomies that result in cognitive disability, and mutations in rare single-gene conditions are being discovered. The molecular pathology of cognitive disability is turning out to be as heterogeneous as the condition itself, with unexpected complexities even in apparently simple gene-deletion syndromes. One remarkable finding from studies on X-linked mental retardation is that mutations in different small guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins result in cognitive disability without other somatic features. Advances are also being made in cognitive disability with polygenic origins, such as dyslexia and autism. However, the genetic basis of mild intellectual disability has yet to be satisfactorily explained. PMID:22034445

Flint, Jonathan

2001-01-01

232

Using a Body-Fixed Sensor to Identify Subclinical Gait Difficulties in Older Adults with IADL Disability: Maximizing the Output of the Timed Up and Go  

PubMed Central

Objective The identification and documentation of subclinical gait impairments in older adults may facilitate the appropriate use of interventions for preventing or delaying mobility disability. We tested whether measures derived from a single body-fixed sensor worn during traditional Timed Up and Go (TUG) testing could identify subclinical gait impairments in community dwelling older adults without mobility disability. Methods We used data from 432 older adults without dementia (mean age 83.30±7.04 yrs, 76.62% female) participating in the Rush Memory and Aging Project. The traditional TUG was conducted while subjects wore a body-fixed sensor. We derived measures of overall TUG performance and different subtasks including transitions (sit-to-stand, stand-to-sit), walking, and turning. Multivariate analysis was used to compare persons with and without mobility disability and to compare individuals with and without Instrumental Activities of Daily Living disability (IADL-disability), all of whom did not have mobility disability. Results As expected, individuals with mobility disability performed worse on all TUG subtasks (p<0.03), compared to those who had no mobility disability. Individuals without mobility disability but with IADL disability had difficulties with turns, had lower yaw amplitude (p<0.004) during turns, were slower (p<0.001), and had less consistent gait (p<0.02). Conclusions A single body-worn sensor can be employed in the community-setting to complement conventional gait testing. It provides a wide range of quantitative gait measures that appear to help to identify subclinical gait impairments in older adults. PMID:23922665

Weiss, Aner; Mirelman, Anat; Buchman, Aron S.; Bennett, David A.; Hausdorff, Jeffrey M.

2013-01-01

233

Voluntary disenrollment from Medicare managed care: market factors and disabled beneficiaries.  

PubMed

Disenrollment rates from Medicare managed care plans have been reported to the public as an indicator of health plan quality. Previous studies have shown that voluntary disenrollment rates differ among vulnerable subgroups, and that these rates can reflect patient care experiences. We hypothesized that disabled beneficiaries may be affected differently than other beneficiaries by competitive market factors, due to higher expected expenditures and impaired mobility. Findings suggest that disabled beneficiaries are more likely to experience multiple problems with managed care. PMID:17290627

Mobley, Lee; McCormack, Lauren; Booske, Bridget; Wang, Jiantong; Brown, G Gordon; West, Nathan; Lynch, Judith; Squire, Claudia; Heller, Amy

2005-01-01

234

Voluntary Disenrollment from Medicare Managed Care: Market Factors and Disabled Beneficiaries  

PubMed Central

Disenrollment rates from Medicare managed care plans have been reported to the public as an indicator of health plan quality. Previous studies have shown that voluntary disenrollment rates differ among vulnerable subgroups, and that these rates can reflect patient care experiences. We hypothesized that disabled beneficiaries may be affected differently than other beneficiaries by competitive market factors, due to higher expected expenditures and impaired mobility. Findings suggest that disabled beneficiaries are more likely to experience multiple problems with managed care. PMID:17290627

Mobley, Lee; McCormack, Lauren; Booske, Bridget; Wang, Jiantong; Brown, G. Gordon; West, Nathan; Lynch, Judith; Squire, Claudia; Heller, Amy

2005-01-01

235

Robotic smart house to assist people with movement disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a new robotic smart house, Intelligent Sweet Home, developed at KAIST in Korea, which is based on several robotic agents and aims at testing advanced concepts for independent\\u000a living of the elderly and people with disabilities. The work focuses on technical solutions for human-friendly assistance\\u000a in motion\\/mobility and advanced human-machine interfaces that provide simple control of all

Kwang-hyun Park; Zeungnam Bien; Ju-jang Lee; Byung Kook Kim; Jong-tae Lim; Jin-oh Kim; Heyoung Lee; Dimitar H. Stefanov; Dae-jin Kim; Jin-woo Jung; Jun-hyeong Do; Kap-ho Seo; Chong Hui Kim; Won-gyu Song; Woo-jun Lee

2007-01-01

236

A secure operational model for mobile payments.  

PubMed

Instead of paying by cash, check, or credit cards, customers can now also use their mobile devices to pay for a wide range of services and both digital and physical goods. However, customers' security concerns are a major barrier to the broad adoption and use of mobile payments. In this paper we present the design of a secure operational model for mobile payments in which access control is based on a service-oriented architecture. A customer uses his/her mobile device to get authorization from a remote server and generate a two-dimensional barcode as the payment certificate. This payment certificate has a time limit and can be used once only. The system also provides the ability to remotely lock and disable the mobile payment service. PMID:25386607

Chang, Tao-Ku

2014-01-01

237

Clinically Diagnosed Insomnia and Risk of All-Cause and Diagnosis-Specific Disability Pension: A Nationwide Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Insomnia and disability pension are major health problems, but few population-based studies have examined the association between insomnia and risk of disability pension. Methods. We conducted a prospective nationwide cohort study based on Swedish population-based registers including all 5,028,922 individuals living in Sweden on December 31, 2004/2005, aged 17–64 years, and not on disability or old age pension. Those having at least one admission/specialist visit with a diagnosis of disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep (insomnias) (ICD-10: G47.0) during 2000/2001–2005 were compared to those with no such inpatient/outpatient care. All-cause and diagnosis-specific incident disability pension were followed from 2006 to 2010. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by Cox regression. Results. In models adjusted for prior sickness absence, sociodemographic factors, and inpatient/specialized outpatient care, associations between insomnia and increased risks of all-cause disability pension (IRR 1.35, 95% CI 1.09–1.67) and disability pension due to mental diagnoses (IRR 1.86, 95% CI 1.38–2.50) were observed. After further adjustment for insomnia medications these associations disappeared. No associations between insomnia and risk of disability pension due to cancer, circulatory, or musculoskeletal diagnoses were observed. Conclusion. Insomnia seems to be positively associated with all-cause disability pension and disability pension due to mental diagnoses. PMID:24490078

Alexanderson, Kristina; Kecklund, Göran; Åkerstedt, Torbjörn

2013-01-01

238

The Framingham Disability Study: II. Physical disability among the aging.  

PubMed Central

The Framingham Disability Study (FDS), a recent component of the Heart Disease Epidemiological Study in Framingham, Massachusetts, was designed to investigate the nature and magnitude of disability among non-institutionalized elderly. From September 1976 through November 1978, 2,654 individuals aged 55 to 84 years from the original Framingham cohort were interviewed in person or by telephone (94 per cent of the potential participant pool). The findings support the well known relationship between physical disability and age. The magnitude of disability, however, is not as great as conventional wisdom might suggest. This paper presents the physical disability prevalence findings and compares these results to earlier epidemiological investigations of disability in the elderly. PMID:7294262

Jette, A M; Branch, L G

1981-01-01

239

Prostitution, disability and prohibition.  

PubMed

Criminalisation of prostitution, and minority rights for disabled persons, are important contemporary political issues. The article examines their intersection by analysing the conditions and arguments for making a legal exception for disabled persons to a general prohibition against purchasing sexual services. It explores the badness of prostitution, focusing on and discussing the argument that prostitution harms prostitutes, considers forms of regulation and the arguments for and against with emphasis on a liberty-based objection to prohibition, and finally presents and analyses three arguments for a legal exception, based on sexual rights, beneficence, and luck egalitarianism, respectively. It concludes that although the general case for and against criminalisation is complicated there is a good case for a legal exception. PMID:25079067

Thomsen, Frej Klem

2014-07-30

240

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. Images Fig. 4 PMID:7479816

Levitt, H

1995-01-01

241

Disabling Radiological Dispersal Terror  

SciTech Connect

Terror resulting from the use of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) relies upon an individual's lack of knowledge and understanding regarding its significance. Disabling this terror will depend upon realistic reviews of the current conservative radiation protection regulatory standards. It will also depend upon individuals being able to make their own informed decisions merging perceived risks with reality. Preparation in these areas will reduce the effectiveness of the RDD and may even reduce the possibility of its use.

Hart, M

2002-11-08

242

Population segments with disabilities  

E-print Network

(Park and Schwartz, 2000). In addition to the natural waning of physical and cognitive abilities, chronic disease-related Stough & Mayhorn: Disabilities 387 conditions (e.g. osteoarthritis, diabetes, hypertension, Alzheimers) also take their toll... with advancing age than others (Altman and Bernstein, 2008). For instance, seeing and hearing difficulty was more likely to be reported by those 65 or older (37.3%) than people aged 18-44 (26.9%). Cognitive difficulties including but not limited to Alzheimer’s...

Stough, Laura

243

Disability Does Not Discriminate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about the "it can't happen to me" mentality, which makes humans think they are physically invincible and have been guilty of thinking so. The author learned the danger of the "it can't happen to me" syndrome when she was disabled in a car accident in February 1994. The accident happened when she was 21 years old,…

Alexander, Amy Elizabeth

2008-01-01

244

Sexual and Nonsexual Offenders With Intellectual and Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Characteristics, Referral Patterns, and Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an evaluation of a community intellectual disability offender service over the period from 1990 to 2001. Men who committed sex offenses or sexually abusive incidents (n = 106) and men who committed other types of offenses and serious incidents (n = 78) are compared on personal characteristics, referral sources, forensic…

Lindsay, William R.; Smith, Anne H. W.; Law, Jacqueline; Quinn, Kathleen; Anderson, Andrew; Smith, Astrid; Allan, Ronald

2004-01-01

245

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

246

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks  

E-print Network

Mobile NetworksMobile Networks Mobile IP Prof. Chansu Yu 2 Contents IP for Wired Network Mobile IP Overview Basic Mobile IP Agent Discovery Registration Tunneling Route Optimization Current Topics #12;3 Simplified CDMA,... Mobile IP Mobile TCP 4 Simplified Reference Model... Location/context-sensitive services

Yu, Chansu

247

Rheumatoid arthritis: coping with disability.  

PubMed

This article explains the components of disability as related to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using an expansion of Nagi's Model of Disability (Jette, 2006) and the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). In addition, suggestions for ways in which nurses can offer patients choices in physical functional therapy and psychosocial aspects of coping with the chronicity of RA are discussed. Understanding how RA relates to the holistic management of the patient will allow nurses to modify and suggest additional measures to enhance the outcomes of patient-centered care. Many degrees of disability exist that affect the physical and psychosocial domains of RA. Nurses should identify the primary issues influencing disability and assemble supporting resources or a multidisciplinary team to manage a person's disabilities. As nurses develop and maintain relationships with patients, they are able to follow through with the care plan continuum and recognize when modifications are needed. PMID:20306616

Barker, Tara L; Puckett, Theresa L

2010-01-01

248

Cancer and the medicare disabled.  

E-print Network

??This dissertation examines relationships between cancer in working-age adults and enrollment in Medicare due disability. We examine whether cancer diagnosis and treatments affect enrollment in… (more)

Habermann, Elizabeth Anne

2008-01-01

249

Disability search tips and resources.  

PubMed

Demographic projections for people living in the United States indicate a growing need for information on disabilities. This article discusses a limited number of concepts in disability, along with relevant thesaurus terms and suggested search techniques in four databases: PubMed, CINAHL, REHABDATA, and the Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange's (CIRRIE) Database of International Research. The article closes with annotations of potentially useful websites that focus on concerns of persons with disabilities, their caregivers, and researchers in disability. PMID:25611441

Schaefer, Nancy

2015-01-01

250

Summit on the National Effort To Prevent Mental Retardation and Related Disabilities. Summit Proceedings (Washington, D.C., February 6-7, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the proceedings of a summit to assess the adequacy of the U.S. effort to prevent mental retardation and related disabilities and to chart the course for future strategies to reduce the incidence and ameliorate the effects of these disabilities, particularly when caused by socioeconomic conditions. The document contains…

President's Committee on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.

251

Disabled Parking & Access Plan Campus Disabled Persons (DP)  

E-print Network

· Develop and Maintain DP Parking Campus Map on Web and in Handouts · Define, Document and Prioritize AllDisabled Parking & Access Plan Campus Disabled Persons (DP) Parking and Access Plan For CSU Parking Spaces = 10,873 · Total DP Parking Spaces = 201 (1.8%) ­ Total Van Accessible Spaces = 37 (0

de Lijser, Peter

252

Being disabled: towards a critical social ontology for disability studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Disability Studies the question of ontology is establishing itself as a live issue. Whilst there are many arguments and tendencies emerging from this literature, this paper identifies and critically examines an approach to the ontological question in disability studies that is based on an appeal to frailty as a universal characteristic of humanity. The argument builds on the relatively

Bill Hughes

2007-01-01

253

HIV/AIDS, Disability, and Employment. Disability Statistics Report 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on HIV/AIDS, disability, and employment analyzes data from the AIDS Cost and Services Utilization Survey of 1991-1992, a longitudinal study of 1,949 HIV-infected men and women. The report examines the diagnostic history of people living with HIV and its relation to function, disability, and labor force participation over time. Study…

Sebesta, Douglas S.; LaPlante, Mitchell P.

254

An Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit  

SciTech Connect

Although the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) by centrally-located operations staff is well established in the area of emergency response, utilization by first responders in the field is uneven. Cost, complexity, and connectivity are often the deciding factors preventing wider adoption. For the past several years, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing a mobile GIS solution using free and open-source software targeting the needs of front-line personnel. Termed IMPACT, for Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit, this ORNL application can complement existing GIS infrastructure and extend its power and capabilities to responders first on the scene of a natural or man-made disaster.

Koch, Daniel B [ORNL; Payne, Patricia W [ORNL

2012-01-01

255

Factor market distortions and backward incidence of pollution control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the backward incidence of stronger pollution control into factors of production using a two-sector general equilibrium model in which the economy experiences perfect capital mobility but norigid factor price differential. In this context we conclude that higher levels of wage and capital rental differentials may act as an effective control over the pollution emission in the economy

Hamid Beladi; Subarna K. Samanta

1988-01-01

256

Grazing Incidence Solar Telescope  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Grazing Incidence Solar Telescope (GRIST) described in this report is intended for flight in Spacelab and offers for the first time the combination of high spatial and spectral resolution in the XUV and EUV wavelength range. The telescope is a sector shaped Wolter type-2 paraboloid-hyperboloid mirror pair of 412 cm effective focal length, 280 sq cm aperture and 6

R. Pacault; G. P. Whitcomb

1981-01-01

257

Grazing incidence beam expander  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Grazing Incidence Beam Expander (GIBE) telescope is being designed and fabricated to be used as an equivalent end mirror in a long laser resonator cavity. The design requirements for this GIBE flow down from a generic Free Electron Laser (FEL) resonator. The nature of the FEL gain volume (a thin, pencil-like, on-axis region) dictates that the output beam be

P. R. Akkapeddi; P. Glenn; A. Fuschetto; Q. Appert; V. K. Viswanathan

1985-01-01

258

RAPID INCIDENT RESPONSE FRAMEWORK  

EPA Science Inventory

Will discuss WERF Contract (RFP# 03-HHE-5PP), Protocols for the Timely Investigation of Potential Health Incidents Associated with Biosolids Land Application, as a member of the project advisory committee. The contractor, University of North Carolina, started work in early June, ...

259

Incident meteoroid flux density  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Complex photographic and radar meteor observations were carried out. Using the available observational data, the density of incident flux of meteoroids was estimated over a wide mass range of 0.001 to 100 g. To avoid the influence of apparatus selectivity a special technique was applied. The main characteristics of this technique are given and discussed.

Badadjanov, P. B.; Bibarsov, R. SH.; Getman, V. S.; Kolmakov, V. M.

1987-01-01

260

New model for predicting freeway incidents and incident delays  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a new model that predicts the number of freeway incidents and associated delays based on general freeway segment characteristics, traffic volumes, and incident management procedures. The model is intended to be used in planning capacity-enhancing freeway improvements and incident management programs. Estimates of incident frequencies, severity, durations, and delays are provided for seven standard incident types, each of which represents a significant fraction of total unplanned incidents and has severity and/or duration characteristics substantially different from the others. In addition to describing the incident prediction model, the paper addresses the need for a coordinated national strategy for collecting incident data, with particular attention to urban freeways. It concludes that the incident data systems that have evolved in several urban areas, often in connection with freeway service patrols and incident response team activities, already provide a valuable nationwide data resource for understanding incident patterns and their variations. However, better national coordination of locally collected incident data would be helpful for addressing issues beyond the scope of the local concerns for which virtually all current systems were originally designed. Specific areas for improvement include the definitions of incident types, descriptions of incident locations (relative to both the length and breadth of the highway), and data recording the critical times during incidents such as when detection, response, and clearing occur.

Sullivan, E.C. [California Polytechnic State Univ., San Luis Obispo, CA (United States)

1997-08-01

261

Prevalence and features of ICF-disability in Spain as captured by the 2008 National Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Background Since 1986, the study of disability in Spain has been mainly addressed by National Disability Surveys (NDSs). While international attempts to frame NDS designs within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) have progressed, in general, the ICF has hardly been used in either the NDS or epidemiological studies. This study sought to identify ICF Activity- and Participation-related content in the most recent Spanish NDS, the 2008 Survey on Disabilities, Independence and Dependency Situations (Encuesta sobre discapacidades, autonomía personal y situaciones de Dependencia - EDAD 2008), and estimate the prevalence of such ICF-framed disability. Methods EDAD 2008 methods and questions were perused. Of the 51 EDAD items analysed, 29 were backcoded to specific d2-d7 domains of the ICF Checklist and, by rating the recorded difficulty to perform specific tasks with or without help, these were then taken as performance and capacity respectively. A global ICF score was also derived, albeit lacking data for d1, "Learning and applying knowledge", d8, "Major Life Areas" and d9, "Community, Social and Civic Life". Data were grouped by sex, age, residence and initial positive screening, and prevalence figures were calculated by disability level both for the general population, using the originally designed weights, and for the population that had screened positive to disability. Data for institutionalised persons were processed separately. Results Crude prevalence of ICF severe/complete and moderate disability among the community-dwelling population aged ?6 years was 0.9%-2.2% respectively, and that of severe/complete disability among persons living in sheltered accommodation was 0.3%. Prevalence of severe/complete disability was: higher in women than in men, 0.8% vs. 0.4%; increased with age; and was particularly high in domains such as "Domestic Life", 3.4%, "Mobility", 1.8%, and "Self-care", 1.9%, in which prevalence decreased when measured by reference to performance. Moreover, global scores indicated that severe/complete disability in these same domains was frequent among the moderately disabled group. Conclusions The EDAD 2008 affords an insufficient data set to be ICF-framed when it comes to the Activity and Participation domains. Notwithstanding their unknown validity, ratings for available ICF domains may, however, be suitable for consideration under the ADL model of functional dependency, suggesting that there are approximately 500,000 persons suffering from severe/complete disability and 1,000,000 suffering from moderate disability, with half the latter being severely disabled in domains capable of benefiting from technical or personal aid. Application of EDAD data to the planning of services for regions and other subpopulations means that need for personal help must be assessed, unmet needs ascertained, and knowledge of social participation and support, particularly for the mentally ill, improved. International, WHO-supported co-operation in ICF planning and use of NDSs in Spain and other countries is needed. PMID:22122806

2011-01-01

262

Managing Disability From Stroke  

PubMed Central

Strokes are the single greatest neurological cause of disability, yet many stroke patients do not ever reach a specialized stroke rehabilitation unit. For those remaining in the hospital to which they were first admitted, active medical involvement may decline dramatically once the diagnosis has been made. However, the family physician can play an active role in managing post-stroke patients, enhancing their functional recovery and achieving successful discharge back into the community. This article describes post-diagnosis management of stroke, discharge planning, and post-discharge follow-up. PMID:21267158

Clifford, John C.

1986-01-01

263

Disability: Equality/Inequality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks at disabilities and inequalities in the United States. This activity uses five customized data sets made from the 1990 U.S. Census. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Robert T. Hall

264

Cognitive Development and Adolescent Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author offers clinical examples of ways in which the attainment of formal operations in adolescents both exacerbates chronic disabilities and contributes to the etiology of new disabilities (such as in teenage obesity, anorexia nervosa, and depression). He suggests treatment guidelines. (CL)

Elkind, David

1985-01-01

265

Children with an Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... is a new term used in place of "mental retardation." Some think that an intellectual disability is diagnosed only on the basis of below-normal intelligence (IQ), and that persons with intellectual disabilities are unable to learn or to care for ...

266

Parking for Fans with Disabilities  

E-print Network

Parking for Fans with Disabilities UVA D3 Lot at Massie and Arlington Welcome to the dedicated parking area for fans with disabilities at Massie and Arlington, also known as the UVA D3 lot! This FREE parking area is provided for fans attending UVA football games. It is adjacent to UVA's Law School and J

Acton, Scott

267

Performing Determinism: Disability Culture Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Performing Determinism” discusses the performance of disability through poetry: the instability of language, the ability of words to clasp both generic and specific meaning, and the gaps that surround the performances of self. Disability culture acts as a frame for the inquiry, as the essay discusses crip aesthetics, crip critical practice, and the embodiment of language. In the reading of

Petra Kuppers

2007-01-01

268

Collecting Disability Data from Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and national trial of a methodology for collecting disability data directly from parents, enabling schools and local authorities to meet their obligations under the "Disability Discrimination Act" (DDA; 2005) to promote equality of opportunity for all children. It illustrates the complexities around…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

269

Contact Sport Concussion Incidence  

PubMed Central

Reference/Citation: Koh JO, Cassidy JD, Watkinson EJ. Incidence of concussion in contact sports: a systematic review of the evidence. Brain Inj.20031790191712963556. Clinical Question: What is the incidence of concussion in various contact sports? Data Sources: Studies for the review were found through a MEDLINE search (1985–2000) and by gathering and reviewing older articles referenced in the searched articles. The main terms that were included in the search were brain injuries, brain concussion, and incidence. Text words that were also included were mild traumatic brain injury, concussion, incidence, injury, and head injury, along with the names of 8 contact sports ( American football, boxing, ice hockey, judo, karate, tae kwon do, rugby, and soccer). Study Selection: For this review, concussion was defined as “a mild brain injury resulting from a direct blow to the head resulting in physiological changes in brain function.” Cohort studies with documented incidence of concussion in athletes from 8 identified contact sports were the target of the search. All studies of male and female athletes in any of the 8 contact sports, including practices and games and regardless of level of competition, were included in the study search. Possible articles for review were identified through a 3-step screening process. Article titles were initially screened by one of the authors. If the title seemed to be relevant to the purpose of the review, the abstract of the article was then screened for inclusion/exclusion criteria as the second step. To be included, studies had to relate to the incidence of injury to the head and brain, report results relevant to concussion, involve 1 of the 8 identified contact sports, and be published between 1985 and 2000. All systematic reviews about mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) or concussion were also included. Studies were excluded if they discussed concussion due to whiplash injury or concussion associated with spinal cord injury, facial bone fracture, or soft tissue injuries; if they reported prevalence, rather than incidence, of concussion; if they addressed chronic TBI; if they comprised case reports or letters to the editor; or if they lacked a denominator to determine risk rates. Finally, relevant and unknown articles from the abstract screening were reviewed again for the inclusion and exclusion criteria by an independent, outside party. Data Extraction: A general methodologic criteria design was used to critically appraise all articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This design appraised 11 study design and reporting criteria. In order for an article to be accepted into the systematic review, it had to meet at least the 5 mandatory criteria: description of the source population, appropriate description of inclusion and exclusion criteria, verifiable results from the raw data, differentiation of the incidence of injury between practice and game settings, and adequately measured denominator of population or person-time at risk. For each individual study, the 5 mandatory criteria listed above were rated with regard to whether they were included or addressed in the paper ( yes), were missing from the paper ( no), or were included but not described fully or in a way characterized by sound quality ( substandard). If any of the 5 mandatory criteria were rated no, the article was not evaluated any further. Data taken from these articles included sex, types of sessions in which concussion occurred, and numbers defining incidence of concussion within a contact sport. In some studies, rates were recalculated from the raw data in order to check accuracy, or if they were not presented in the published material, rates were calculated. These rates were recalculated with the denominator presented in the original study, athletes at risk for injury or time at risk for injury. Athlete-exposure was not defined in the review but is commonly used as the denominator in epidemiologic studies and represents one time in which an athlete takes part in a game or practice that expo

Tommasone, Beth A; Valovich McLeod, Tamara C

2006-01-01

270

Mobile IPMobile IP Mobile IPMobile IP  

E-print Network

Mobile IPMobile IP #12;2 Mobile IPMobile IP · How do we support mobile users whose point of attachment to the network changes dynamically? #12;3 Mobile IPMobile IP · The goal of Mobile IP is to allow connectivity automatically, despite the change. · While Mobile IP can work with wired connections, where you

Yeom, Ikjun

271

Disability evaluation of fibromyalgia.  

PubMed

These cases represent individuals who feel they have a severe impairment and are "disabled." They have been labeled with fibromyalgia. They are truly distressed. Their symptoms, their courses, are more chronic and refractory than those of medically ill patients, and they are high users of medical services, laboratory investigations, and surgical procedures. These patients see multiple providers simultaneously and frequently switch physicians. They are difficult to care for, and they reject psychosocial factors as an influence on their symptoms. Such persons "see themselves as victims worthy of a star appearance on the Oprah Winfrey show. A sense of bitterness emerges...." Shorter, a historian, believes that fibromyalgia is "heaven-sent to doctors as a diagnostic label for pain patients who display an important neurotic component in their illness. Our culture increasingly encourages patients to conceive vague and nonspecific symptoms as evidence of real disease and to seek specialist help for them; and the rising ascendancy of the media and the breakdown of the family encourage patients to acquire the fixed belief that they have a given illness...." Regarding the finding of "disability," this is a social construct, and many authors believe it is society and the judicial system who must decide who can work. To remain objective, the physician should report the objective clinical information. Physicians need not and should not sit in judgment of the veracity of another human being. PMID:11478200

Wolfe, C V

2001-08-01

272

Disability Mediates the Impact of Common Conditions on Perceived Health  

PubMed Central

Background We examined the extent to which disability mediates the observed associations of common mental and physical conditions with perceived health. Methods and Findings WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys carried out in 22 countries worldwide (n?=?51,344 respondents, 72.0% response rate). We assessed nine common mental conditions with the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and ten chronic physical with a checklist. A visual analog scale (VAS) score (0, worst to 100, best) measured perceived health in the previous 30 days. Disability was assessed using a modified WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS), including: cognition, mobility, self-care, getting along, role functioning (life activities), family burden, stigma, and discrimination. Path analysis was used to estimate total effects of conditions on perceived health VAS and their separate direct and indirect (through the WHODAS dimensions) effects. Twelve-month prevalence was 14.4% for any mental and 51.4% for any physical condition. 31.7% of respondents reported difficulties in role functioning, 11.4% in mobility, 8.3% in stigma, 8.1% in family burden and 6.9% in cognition. Other difficulties were much less common. Mean VAS score was 81.0 (SD?=?0.1). Decrements in VAS scores were highest for neurological conditions (9.8), depression (8.2) and bipolar disorder (8.1). Across conditions, 36.8% (IQR: 31.2–51.5%) of the total decrement in perceived health associated with the condition were mediated by WHODAS disabilities (significant for 17 of 19 conditions). Role functioning was the dominant mediator for both mental and physical conditions. Stigma and family burden were also important mediators for mental conditions, and mobility for physical conditions. Conclusions More than a third of the decrement in perceived health associated with common conditions is mediated by disability. Although the decrement is similar for physical and mental conditions, the pattern of mediation is different. Research is needed on the benefits for perceived health of targeted interventions aimed at particular disability dimensions. PMID:23762442

Alonso, Jordi; Vilagut, Gemma; Adroher, Núria D.; Chatterji, Somnath; He, Yanling; Andrade, Laura Helena; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Fayyad, John; Florescu, Silvia; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hinkov, Hristo; Hu, Chiyi; Iwata, Noboru; Lee, Sing; Levinson, Daphna; Lépine, Jean Pierre; Matschinger, Herbert; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; O'Neill, Siobhan; Hormel, J.; Posada-Villa, Jose A.; Ismet Taib, Nezar; Xavier, Miguel; Kessler, Ronald C.

2013-01-01

273

Mobile cinema  

E-print Network

This thesis develops techniques and methods that extend the art and craft of storytelling, and in particular enable the creation of mobile cinema. Stories are always constrained by the medium in which they are told and the ...

Pan, Pengkai, 1972-

2004-01-01

274

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities. Disability Policy Research Brief. Number 09-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to adulthood can be difficult for youth, particularly those who have disabilities severe enough that they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), or other disability program benefits. Besides the issues facing all transition-age youth, young people with disabilities face a host of…

O'Day, Bonnie; Stapleton, David

2009-01-01

275

Mobility Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a data model for tracking mobile objects and reporting the result of queries. The model relies on a discrete view of the spatio-temporal space, where the 2D space and the time axis are respectively partitioned in a finite set of user-defined areas and in constant-size intervals. We define a generic query language to retrieve objects that match mobility

Cédric Du Mouza; Philippe Rigaux

2005-01-01

276

(Instrumental) Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Daily living skills are important to ageing adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of these skills in older adults with ID and to investigate the influence of gender, age, level of ID and mobility on these skills. Daily living skills were measured with the Barthel Index (for Activities of…

Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M.

2011-01-01

277

Contextual cognitive-behavioral therapy for severely disabled chronic pain sufferers: Effectiveness and clinically significant change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interdisciplinary pain management programs have an established record of significantly improving the functioning of persons disabled with chronic pain. There is a group of pain sufferers, however, who have difficulty accessing these programs and for whom the effectiveness of these treatments in unknown, these are patients whose mobility and self-care deficits leave them unable to meet the practical demands of

Lance M. McCracken; Fiona MacKichan; Christopher Eccleston

2007-01-01

278

Increasing Accessibility: Using Universal Design Principles to Address Disability Impairments in the Online Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increasing number of students enrolling in distance education, there is a need to consider the accessibility of course materials in online learning environments. Four major groups of disabilities: mobility, auditory, visual, and cognitive are explored as they relate to their implementation into instructional design and their impact on…

Pittman, Candice N.; Heiselt, April K.

2014-01-01

279

End of Life and Women Aging with a Disability  

PubMed Central

Abstract Approximately 21 million noninstitutionalized Americans with physical disabilities will ultimately face end-of-life [EOL] issues. Studies have documented disparate care and poorer outcomes for persons with preexisting disabilities who have life-limiting illnesses, which raises the question of how EOL experiences may differ for these individuals. The aim of this qualitative, descriptive study was to explore how EOL issues might emerge within the life stories of women aging with functional disabilities. Interview data were obtained from a larger, ongoing ethnographic study focused on the creation of an explanatory model of health disparities of disablement in women with mobility impairment. Each participant was interviewed three to four times using a life-course perspective that captures life trajectories and transitions experienced over time. For this analysis, 41 interviews were selected from 20 participants who discussed issues related to death and dying. Content analysis of the data revealed five analytic categories: death as a signpost, impact of others' deaths, deaths that affected personal insights and choice, EOL possibilities, and a personal brush with death. EOL issues were manifested in a variety of ways that revealed both determination to remain as independent as possible within the context of declining functional ability and uncertainty regarding the future. PMID:22536990

Zolnierek, Cynthia; Harrison, Tracie; Walker, Janiece

2012-01-01

280

Disparities in the use of preventive health care among children with disabilities in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Children with disabilities face more barriers accessing preventive health services. Prior research has documented disparities in the receipt of these services. However, most are limited to specific types of disability or care. This study investigates disparities in the use of preventive health care among children with disabilities in Taiwan. Three nationwide databases from the Ministry of the Interior, Bureau of Health Promotion, and National Health Research Institutes were linked to gather related information between 2006 and 2008. A total of 8572 children with disabilities aged 1-7 years were included in this study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to adjust for covariates. Nationally, only 37.58% of children with disabilities received preventive health care in 2008. Children with severe and very severe disabilities were less likely to use preventive care than those with mild severity. Children with disabilities from the lowest income family were less likely to have preventive care than other income groups. Urbanization was strongly associated with the receipt of preventive health care. However, surprisingly, urban children with disabilities were less likely to receive preventive care than all others. Under universal health insurance coverage, the overall usage of preventive health care is still low among children with disabilities. The study also identified several disparities in their usage. Potential factors affecting the lack of use deserve additional research. Policymakers should target low socioeconomic brackets and foster education about the importance of preventive care. Mobile health services should be continually provided in those areas in need. Capitation reimbursement and other incentives should be considered in improving the utilization among children with disabilities. PMID:22119677

Tsai, Wen-Chen; Kung, Pei-Tseng; Wang, Jong-Yi

2012-01-01

281

Prevalence of Psychopathology across a Service Population of Parents with Intellectual Disabilities and Their Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified and investigated the incidence of childhood trauma and psychopathology across a population of parents with intellectual disabilities (IDs) known to a parenting service in the United Kingdom over a 5-year period and examined the emotional and physical welfare of their children. Data were gathered from 49 parents with ID and 58…

McGaw, Sue; Shaw, Tom; Beckley, Kerry

2007-01-01

282

Physical Intervention with People with Intellectual Disabilities: The Influence of Cognitive and Emotional Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examines the relationship between the topography of challenging behaviour, subsequent attributions and emotional responses, with whether carers use physical intervention and their satisfaction with their intervention. Method: Thirty-seven carers described incidents where a person with an intellectual disability had exhibited…

Dagnan, Dave; Weston, Clive

2006-01-01

283

Cancer and Intellectual Disability: A Review of Some Key Contextual Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the health of people with intellectual disabilities has increasingly focused on the occurrence of cancer in this population. Information on the incidence and prevalence of cancer is reviewed in both institutional and community settings. Examples of environmental causation are considered including "Helicobacter pylori."…

Hogg, James; Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene

2008-01-01

284

Papanicolaou Smear Screening of Women with Intellectual Disabilities: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although little is known about the incidence of cervical cancer in women with intellectual disabilities (ID), Pap smear screening is an effective public health program to prevent cervical cancer to this group of people. The purposes of this study were to identify and evaluate the factors regarding the utilization of the Pap smears in women with ID…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Lin, Jin-Ding; Sung, Chang-Lin; Liu, Ta-Wen; Liu, Yi-Lian; Chen, Li-Mei; Chu, Cordia M.

2010-01-01

285

Class placement and academic and behavioral variables as predictors of graduation for students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dropout rates impacting students with high-incidence disabilities in American schools remain staggering (Bost, 2006; Hehir, 2005). Of this group, students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are at greatest risk. Despite the mandated national propagation of inclusion, students with EBD remain the least included and the least successful when included (Bost). Accordingly, this study investigated the potential significance of inclusive settings

Liana Gonzalez

2010-01-01

286

Class Placement and Academic and Behavioral Variables as Predictors of Graduation for Students with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dropout rates impacting students with high-incidence disabilities in American schools remain staggering (Bost, 2006; Hehir, 2005). Of this group, students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are at greatest risk. Despite the mandated national propagation of inclusion, students with EBD remain the least included and the least successful when included (Bost). Accordingly, this study investigated the potential significance of inclusive settings

Liana Gonzalez

2010-01-01

287

Class Placement and Academic and Behavioral Variables as Predictors of Graduation for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dropout rates impacting students with high-incidence disabilities in American schools remain staggering (Bost, 2006; Hehir, 2005). Of this group, students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are at greatest risk. Despite the mandated national propagation of inclusion, students with EBD remain the least included and the least successful when…

Gonzalez, Liana

2010-01-01

288

Hepatitis C Seroprevalence in an Institution for Residents with a Developmental Disability. Brief Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation was conducted in Australia of 156 individuals with developmental disabilities who were long-term clients of a residential institution, to determine the incidence of hepatitis C antibodies. Results indicated that none of the residents was seropositive and that hepatitis C is less prevalent than hepatitis B in residential…

Fraser, Eric

1996-01-01

289

College Students with Disabilities' Motivation to Utilize Disability Support Services: A Qualitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated the motivation of college students with disabilities to disclose their disability(s) to the university and to utilize disability support services. Eleven college students with a diversity of invisible disabilities from a large university were interviewed using a narrative approach. Analysis involved a combination of…

Meyer, Rachel Heather

2012-01-01

290

2009 Disability Status Report: United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2011-01-01

291

2008 Disability Status Report: The United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2010-01-01

292

Testing Students with Disabilities. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment of students with disabilities has taken on considerable importance since the passing of the "Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)" of 1990. ADA requires that assessment of individuals with disabilities be performed with any reasonable accommodations being made. The considerations involved in assessing students with disabilities are…

Geisinger, Kurt F.; Carlson, Janet F.

293

Causal Relationships between Poverty and Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research suggests why disability may cause poverty, it is not well understood why poverty may cause disability. This article presents the Poverty Disability Model, which includes four groups of factors that increase the risk that poverty will cause disability and chronic health problems. Rehabilitation interventions and counselor…

Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

2007-01-01

294

Assistive Technology for the Disabled Computer User.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assistive technology that can help disabled computer users is described, and a resource guide to computer help for the disabled is presented. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 has broad implications for higher education, in that it mandates that colleges and universities give disabled students equal access to computers on public…

Wilson, Linda

295

Children's Perceptions of Peers with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's books with characters that have disabilities have been touted as an avenue to introduce children to their peers with disabilities. Children's literature specialists have suggested that the use of these books may result in a more positive attitude on the part of children without disabilities toward their peers with disabilities. Working…

Smith-D'Arezzo, Wendy M.; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl

2010-01-01

296

Meta-Analysis of Disability Simulation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A commonly attempted approach to modifying attitudes regarding people with disabilities is to place people without disabilities in situations that are designed for them to experience what it is like to have a disability. This approach, called disability simulation, continues despite criticisms including a reported lack of effectiveness data and the potential for nega- tive experiences among participants. The current

ASHLEY FLOWER; MATTHEW K. BURNS; N. A. Bottsford-Miller

2007-01-01

297

Voices of Disability on the Radio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While much commentary exists in relation to the portrayal of disabled people in the media, very little research examines the talk itself in any detail. This paper examines the how people with communication disabilities and disabled people are dealt with in the talk of a radio programme about disability. Aims: To show how the voices of…

O'Malley, Mary Pat

2008-01-01

298

Students with Disabilities: Financial Aid Policy Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes some of the special financial aid needs of students with disabilities and the policy implications of those needs. It focuses on the financial burdens of having a disability, the time demands faced by those with disabilities, the multiple and complex sources from which students with disabilities derive support, and the…

Wolanin, Thomas R.

2005-01-01

299

Fluid blade disablement tool  

DOEpatents

A fluid blade disablement (FBD) tool that forms both a focused fluid projectile that resembles a blade, which can provide precision penetration of a barrier wall, and a broad fluid projectile that functions substantially like a hammer, which can produce general disruption of structures behind the barrier wall. Embodiments of the FBD tool comprise a container capable of holding fluid, an explosive assembly which is positioned within the container and which comprises an explosive holder and explosive, and a means for detonating. The container has a concavity on the side adjacent to the exposed surface of the explosive. The position of the concavity relative to the explosive and its construction of materials with thicknesses that facilitate inversion and/or rupture of the concavity wall enable the formation of a sharp and coherent blade of fluid advancing ahead of the detonation gases.

Jakaboski, Juan-Carlos (Albuquerque, NM); Hughs, Chance G. (Albuquerque, NM); Todd, Steven N. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2012-01-10

300

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

301

FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY  

E-print Network

1 FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY]. In the case of cerebral palsy, the most common cause of motor disability in children, the estimation ranges with cerebral palsy, with spastic and athetoid features. The child's gross motor mobility is limited to rolling

Stansfield, Sharon

302

Enhanced bimanual manipulation assistance with the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the enhanced ability of manipulation with the newly developed Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA). PerMMA is a new assistive device that integrates bimanual manipulation with smart mobility to assist people with severe physical disabilities and enhance their quality of lives. Different from the fixed mounting method used in most existing systems, a novel mounting

Jijie Xu; Garrett G. Grindle; Ben Salatin; Juan J. Vazquez; Hongwu Wang; Dan Ding; R. A. Cooper

2010-01-01

303

75 FR 62676 - Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No 96.001, Social Security--Disability Insurance; 96.002, Social Security--Retirement Insurance; 96.004, Social Security--Survivors Insurance; 96.006, Supplemental...

2010-10-13

304

New Technology Gives More Mobility to Seniors and the Disabled  

E-print Network

relations man- ager of Microsoft Research Asia. A wheelchair with brain, eyes and ears On May 15, 2010. The intelligent robotic wheelchair, developed on a Windows Embedded system, is a joint effort by Shanghai Jiao, look and hear. The computer's control sys- tem is its `brain,' a camera and laser detector are its

Narasayya, Vivek

305

Disance (enhance the disabled) brain mapped mobility for physically challenged  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an intelligent robotic wheelchair with user-friendly human-computer interface (HCI) based on EEG signal, face directional gesture, and voice. Electroencephalography (EEG) is the recording of electrical activity along the scalp produced by the firing of neurons within the brain. The user has to just think the direction in which the wheel chair has to move. Additionally at unavoidable

C. S. Ashwin; K. R. Rangarajan; S. Ramachandran

2010-01-01

306

VICC: Virtual Incident Command Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an application of telepresence technology to the incident management domain. The system combines national guidelines for incident management with many aspects of collaborative virtual environments to enable effective communication between first responders in the field and remotely located command personnel. A brief overview of existing incident management systems is given followed by a set of requirements for

Julius S. Gyorfi; Eric R. Buhrke; Mark A. Tarlton; Juan M. Lopez; George T. Valliath

2006-01-01

307

Mobile Learning and Mobility in Teacher Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the mobile learning project, where a mobile device is used for educational activities. The article defines the word mobility from the educational point of view. The main perspective in this article is in teacher training. We present experiences of how mobile technology was used in teacher training, how trainees and supervising teachers felt the use of mobile

Pauliina Seppälä; Harri Alamäki

2002-01-01

308

Office of Disability Employment Policy  

MedlinePLUS

... Work Self-Employment & Entrepreneurship Tax Incentives for Employers Transportation Universal Design Veterans WIOA Advisory Committee Women The ... education, emergency preparedness, employment, health, housing, technology and ... for people with disabilities, their families, Veterans, educators, ...

309

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... or symptoms of a language-based learning disability? Dyslexia has been used to refer to the specific ... problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with the written (or ...

310

Learning Disabilities Association of America  

MedlinePLUS

... accommodations for all students with learning disabilities on high school equivalency exams (GED®, Hi-Set®, or TASC™). Take ... Basics Assessment & Evaluation Early Intervention Pre-K thru High School Special Education Services Beyond the Classroom Mental Health ...

311

Mothers' Perceptions of Their Children's Use of Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical therapists and occupational therapists frequently assist parents with the exploration and use of powered wheelchairs for their children with physical disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore parents' experiences and perceptions of their children's experiences with the receipt and use of powered mobility. Qualitative methods…

Wiart, Lesley; Darrah, Johanna; Hollis, Vivien; Cook, Al; May, Laura

2004-01-01

312

Working Together: Computers and People with Mobility Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper describes several computing tools that have been effectively used by individuals with mobility impairments. Emphasis is on tasks to be completed and how the individuals abilities (not disabilities), with possible assistance from technology, can be used to accomplish them. Preliminary information addresses the importance of…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

313

A natural language processing approach for mobile service robot control  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the operation of mobile robots, the design of the man-machine interface has a major impact on the acceptance by the user. This is especially valid when dealing with users of minor or no training, which can be found in almost any application area, ranging from transport or construction tasks to assistive technology for elderly and disabled. The following essay

P. Drews; P. Fromm

1997-01-01

314

Overcoming Challenges: "Going Mobile with Your Own Video Models"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video modeling has been shown to be an effective intervention for students with a variety of disabilities. Traditional video models present problems in terms of application across meaningful settings, such as in the community or even across the school environment. However, with advances in mobile technology, portable devices with video capability…

Carnahan, Christina R.; Basham, James D.; Christman, Jennifer; Hollingshead, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

315

77 FR 8234 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and Rehabilitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Research Project--Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability and Rehabilitation Research...a priority for a center on knowledge translation for disability and rehabilitation research...disabilities--in their knowledge translation work. Given the wide range of...

2012-02-14

316

Ability - Not Disability: Organizing Housework.  

E-print Network

~TA245 . 7 3873 JO.1 -------Th-eT -exas-A&M~ ----:8-1259 University System ~ Texas Agricu ~tura I Extension Service Daniel C Plannstiel . DIrector College Station ABILITY NOT DISABILITY Organizing Housework [Blank Page in Original... Bulletin] ~. '!". ABILITY - NOT DISABILITY: ORGANIZING HOUSEWORK Linda J. McCormack? Before organizing housework, think about Rudyard Kipling's poem, "I Keep Six Honest Service Men." "I keep six honest serving men (they taught me all I know...

McCormack, Linda J.

1981-01-01

317

Inequality in Disability in Bangladesh  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate inequality in disability in Bangladesh. Methods The study used both household level and individual level data from a large nationally representative data set, Bangladesh’s Household Income and Expenditure Survey - 2010. Principal component analysis was used to construct a wealth index based on household assets from household level data. Then, using data from 49,809 individuals aged 5 years and over, chi-square tests and logistic regression were performed to test the association between wealth level and disability. Findings Women and older people are significantly more likely to report having disabilities than men and younger people. For middle and rich families, respectively, there is a 14 percent lower likelihood of reporting disabilities than for poor families. Changes in the probability of having disabilities are linear with increasing wealth. In addition, the study identifies some significant factors affecting disability, namely, age, sex, education, marital status, and place of residence including divisional differences. Conclusion In Bangladesh, worse health among the poor argues for policies prioritizing this group while at the same time giving special attention to women and the elderly. PMID:25075513

Tareque, Md. Ismail; Begum, Sharifa; Saito, Yasuhiko

2014-01-01

318

Social construction of Anangu disability.  

PubMed

The usual and common-sense definition of disability is based on a medical model that sees disability as a limitation or lack of competence on the part of the individual. This definition fails to acknowledge that in some cultures disability as a concept does not exist. This paper, based on research undertaken in 1994/1995, examines how the social construction of disability among the Anangu of the cross border region of Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory, takes into consideration the important factors of history, culture and language. The theoretical underpinning of the research was symbolic interactionism, which led to collaborative ethnography becoming the methodology employed to collect and analyse the data. The findings of the research indicate that the social construction of disability among the Anangu occurs in three historical phases: the impairment, oppression and empowerment phases. The paper's purpose is to offer service providers to Aboriginal people with disabilities, information that will help them understand some of the attitudes, customs, mores and beliefs of their clientele. PMID:10732511

Ariotti, L

1999-11-01

319

Health disparities among adults with developmental disabilities, adults with other disabilities, and adults not reporting disability in North Carolina.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were (1) to identify disparities between adults with developmental disabilities and non-disabled adults in health and medical care, and (2) to compare this pattern of disparities to the pattern of disparities between adults with other disabilities and adults without disabilities. METHODS: The authors compared data on health status, health risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and utilization of medical care across three groups of adults: No Disability, Disability, and Developmental Disability. Data sources were the 2001 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and the North Carolina National Core Indicators survey. RESULTS: Adults with developmental disabilities were more likely to lead sedentary lifestyles and seven times as likely to report inadequate emotional support, compared with adults without disabilities. Adults with disabilities and developmental disabilities were significantly more likely to report being in fair or poor health than adults without disabilities. Similar rates of tobacco use and overweight/obesity were reported. Adults with developmental disabilities had a similar or greater risk of having four of five chronic health conditions compared with non-disabled adults. Significant medical care utilization disparities were found for breast and cervical cancer screening as well as for oral health care. Adults with developmental disabilities presented a unique risk for inadequate emotional support and low utilization of breast and cervical cancer screenings. CONCLUSIONS: Significant disparities in health and medical care utilization were found for adults with developmental disabilities relative to non-disabled adults. The National Core Indicators protocol offers a sound methodology to gather much-needed surveillance information on the health status, health risk behaviors, and medical care utilization of adults with developmental disabilities. Health promotion efforts must be specifically designed for this population. PMID:15219799

Havercamp, Susan M.; Scandlin, Donna; Roth, Marcia

2004-01-01

320

Obesity - the new childhood disability? : exploring physical functioning and disability in children with obesity.  

E-print Network

??Adult obesity is associated with disability and reduced physical functioning. However, investigations in children are limited and have not explored obesity-related disability using the International… (more)

Tsiros, Margarita

2011-01-01

321

Grazing incidence beam expander  

SciTech Connect

A Grazing Incidence Beam Expander (GIBE) telescope is being designed and fabricated to be used as an equivalent end mirror in a long laser resonator cavity. The design requirements for this GIBE flow down from a generic Free Electron Laser (FEL) resonator. The nature of the FEL gain volume (a thin, pencil-like, on-axis region) dictates that the output beam be very small. Such a thin beam with the high power levels characteristic of FELs would have to travel perhaps hundreds of meters or more before expanding enough to allow reflection from cooled mirrors. A GIBE, on the other hand, would allow placing these optics closer to the gain region and thus reduces the cavity lengths substantially. Results are presented relating to optical and mechanical design, alignment sensitivity analysis, radius of curvature analysis, laser cavity stability analysis of a linear stable concentric laser cavity with a GIBE. Fabrication details of the GIBE are also given.

Akkapeddi, P.R.; Glenn, P.; Fuschetto, A.; Appert, Q.; Viswanathan, V.K.

1985-01-01

322

Network mobilizer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to identify how companies mobilize other companies in their surrounding network to work within the plans they develop. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual model is developed and its applicability is illustrated by a case study involving a manufacturer-retailer network within Europe. Findings – The study identifies five different challenges that managers need to

Stefanos Mouzas; Pete Naudé

2007-01-01

323

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners make a mobile model of a carbon atom using clay, wire, and pipe cleaners. Learners will use the periodic table as a guide and explore how atoms are made up of a nucleus of protons and neutrons with orbiting electrons. The activity includes a PDF file of a periodic table and a guide for reading it.

History, American M.

2012-06-26

324

Teaching Chemistry to Students with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by scientists who themselves have excelled in chemistry despite physical disabilities and experts on disability issues, this book is noted for its sensitivity to the underlying desires of almost every student with a physical disability. It provides information about a variety of successful classroom and laboratory accommodations for students with disabilities. In many instances, the accommodations are simple, inexpensive, and require little significant change in instructional approach or additional effort from the instructor. The intended audience of this resource includes teachers at the high school, college, and postgraduate levels; students with disabilities; parents; counselors; and professional staff in college Disability Services for Students (DSS) Offices.

Miner, Dorothy L.

325

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility.  

PubMed

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments. PMID:22520500

Cowan, Rachel E; Fregly, Benjamin J; Boninger, Michael L; Chan, Leighton; Rodgers, Mary M; Reinkensmeyer, David J

2012-01-01

326

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility  

PubMed Central

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments. PMID:22520500

2012-01-01

327

76 FR 17403 - Proposed Priorities: Disability in the Family  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for people of color with disabilities and their families in disability organizations. Research and Practice for Persons...National Council on Disability (2010). The state of housing in America in the 21st century: A disability perspective....

2011-03-29

328

34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Specific learning disabilities. 300.307...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations...Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307 Specific learning disabilities. (a)...

2010-07-01

329

Disability evaluations: more than completing a form.  

PubMed

According to the World Health Organization, more than 1 billion persons worldwide have a disability. In the United States, more than 56 million American workers have some form of disability; of these, more than 38 million persons have a severe disability. Blacks and Hispanics are among the groups with the highest disability rates, as well as older patients. Conditions that most often lead to disability include arthritis, back or spine problems, and heart conditions. Common limitations include the inability to walk three city blocks or to climb a flight of stairs. Patients with a disability experience health disparities and barriers to appropriate health care. Disability impacts family members and caregivers, as well as patients. Impairment, disability, and handicap are key terms that physicians must understand to properly evaluate patients and make appropriate recommendations. Social Security Disability Insurance and workers' compensation are the two largest disability programs in the United States. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs provides disability benefits for veterans, and private disability insurance may be provided by the employer or purchased by the employee. Family physicians can perform the initial evaluation, consult appropriate subspecialists, complete the necessary paperwork, and answer questions from the patient, employer, or disability agency. PMID:25591211

Maness, David L; Khan, Muneeza

2015-01-15

330

Burden of Restraint, Disablement and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of Total Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman’s reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the mulitple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions. PMID:21767094

Harrison, Tracie

2010-01-01

331

Mobility patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We present a data model for tracking mobile objects and reporting the result of continuous queries. The model relies on a discrete view of the spatio-temporal space, where the 2D space and the time axis are respectively partitioned in a nite set of user-dened areas and in constant-size intervals. We dene a query language to retrieve objects that match

Cédric Du Mouza; Philippe Rigaux

2004-01-01

332

Vitamin D deficiency in patients with intellectual disabilities: prevalence, risk factors and management strategies.  

PubMed

Background People with intellectual disabilities have a high risk of osteoporosis and fractures, which could partly be as a result of vitamin D deficiency. Aims To compare the serum vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels of 155 patients with intellectual disabilities under psychiatric care and 192 controls, investigate potential risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in people with intellectual disabilities and assess available treatments. Method Cross-sectional observational study followed by treatment evaluation. Results Almost twice as many patients with intellectual disabilities had vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D <50 nmol/l) compared with controls (77.3% v. 39.6%, P<0.0001). In the intellectual disabilities group, winter season (P<0.0001), dark skin pigmentation (P<0.0001), impaired mobility (P = 0.002) and obesity (P = 0.001) were independently associated with lower serum 25(OH)D. In most patients, 800 IU colecalciferol daily normalised 25(OH)D levels. Conclusions Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities, partly because of insufficient exposure to sunlight. Screening and treatment strategies, aiming to reduce these patients' high fracture risk, should be introduced. Similar strategies may be required in other psychiatric populations at risk for fractures and with a tendency to spend excessive time indoors. PMID:25257061

Frighi, Valeria; Morovat, Alireza; Stephenson, Matthew T; White, Sarah J; Hammond, Christina V; Goodwin, Guy M

2014-12-01

333

Reaching everyone: Promoting the inclusion of youth with disabilities in evaluating foster care outcomes  

PubMed Central

Efforts to evaluate foster care outcomes must avoid systematic exclusion of particular groups. Although often unrecognized as such, youth with disabilities are highly overrepresented in the U.S. foster care system, and yet youth with some disabilities, including those with intellectual, serious emotional, and physical impairments may be underrepresented in research and evaluation studies evaluating foster care outcomes. The recruitment and retention of youth with various disabilities in such studies can be impeded by under-identification of disability and relatively high placement and school mobility. Furthermore, youth with various disabilities may experience more disappointing outcomes than foster youth overall, underscoring the importance of including these youth in outcome tracking efforts. This is especially relevant given the recent implementation of the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD), which requires that state child welfare agencies gather baseline information about youth in foster care at age 17, and then survey outcomes at 19 and 21. To promote the full participation of foster youth with disabilities in such outcome evaluation, this paper describes successful strategies for identifying and retaining participants that were used in three separate longitudinal intervention studies. These strategies include the systematic recruitment of foster youth by special education status, and creative use of validated tracking and retention strategies incorporating minor accommodations as needed. PMID:24273364

Blakeslee, Jennifer E.; Quest, A. Del; Powers, Jennifer; Powers, Laurie E.; Geenen, Sarah; Nelson, May; Dalton, Lawrence D.; McHugh, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

334

Going mobile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By 1990, all metropolitan areas in the U.S. and rural areas close to major cities or towns are expected to have cellular telephone service; 22 Canadian cities also feature cellular service. To supply mobile telecommunication services to sparsely-populated rural areas, a mobile satellite service (MSS) is now being developed. In this paper the projected possibilities of the MSS system are discussed, including a possibility that a piggyback-MSS payload be added to the GSTAR-4 satellite which is scheduled for a launch in 1988 or 1989; one in which some of the hardware from aborted direct-broadcast satellites would be used; and the possibility of building a new MSS satellite with large servicing capacity. Canada is planning to launch its own mobile satellite, MSAT, in the early 1990s. The MSS is expected to be 'generic', serving not only people on land but maritime and aeronautical users as well. It will also offer major benefits to truck and automobile drivers, making it possible for them to conduct business or to call for assistance from locations beyond the range of cellular systems.

Brus, Eric

1987-12-01

335

Rehabilitation Research on Disability: New Horizons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of research on disability and integrates rehabilitation research with the mainstream of scientific activity. Examples of disability research are given covering spinal cord injury, facial disfigurement, cancer of the larynx, and cystic fibrosis. (Author/TA)

Goldberg, Richard T.

1977-01-01

336

Communicating with and about People with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... people with disabilities. Words Positive language empowers. When writing or speaking about people with disabilities, it is ... you are having difficulty understanding the individual, consider writing as an alternative means of communicating, but first ...

337

Americans with Disabilities Act - ADA Home Page  

MedlinePLUS

... Standards). This document provides guidance to assist small business owners in understanding how this new regulation applies to them. A Guide to Disability Rights Laws. A Guide to Disability Rights Law. A 21- ...

338

People with Disabilities Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... to your state see RAC’s State Guides . What transportation services can rural communities provide for people with disabilities? Access to transportation is a major issue for people with disabilities ...

339

CDC Vital Signs: Adults with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... health behavior to help avoid these chronic diseases. 82% Adults with disabilities were 82% more likely to be physically active if their ... get physical activity. Yet adults with disabilities were 82% more likely to be physically active if their ...

340

Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Developmental Disabilities (AIDD) Realizing the Intent of the DD Act: How the DD Network Advances the Independence, Prodcutivity, and Integration of ... the grantees form a Developmental Disabilities Network, or DD Network, that is uniquely positioned to meet the ...

341

Assessing Early Language Development in Children with Vision Disability and Motor Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a method for identifying test items as disability neutral for children with vision and motor disabilities. Graduate students rated 130 items of the Preschool Language Scale and obtained inter-rater correlation coefficients of 0.58 for ratings of items as disability neutral for children with vision disability, and 0.77 for…

Hennessey, Stephen

2011-01-01

342

Where We Are: Disability and Accessibility--Moving beyond Disability 2.0 in Composition Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors' perception, as specialists at the intersection of disability studies and composition studies, is that disability has arrived--in the sense that it is now on most peoples' radar. Most have come to think of it as "Disability 2.0": the state where acceptance of disabled students and teachers as belonging in our…

Wood, Tara; Dolmage, Jay; Price, Margaret; Lewiecki-Wilson, Cynthia

2014-01-01

343

Exploring Undergraduate Student Attitudes toward Persons with Disabilities: Application of the Disability Social Relationship Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disability Social Relations Generalized Disability (DSRGD) Scale was used to explore the influence of the social context on attitudes toward persons with disabilities. The DSRGD Scale was based on the Disability Social Relationship (DSR) Scale (Grand, Bernier, & Strohmer, 1982; Strohmer, Grand, & Purcell, 1984). A sample of 1,013 undergraduate…

Hergenrather, Kenneth; Rhodes, Scott

2007-01-01

344

Investigation of Raising Burden of Children with Autism, Physical Disability and Mental Disability in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The family economic burden of raising autistic children, physical disabled children and mental disabled children were evaluated in China. 227 parents of children with autism, children with physical disability, children with mental disability and normal children were interviewed for children's costs, family income and economic assistance, etc. The…

Xiong, Nina; Yang, Li; Yu, Yang; Hou, Jiaxun; Li, Jia; Li, Yuanyuan; Liu, Hairong; Zhang, Ying; Jiao, Zhengang

2011-01-01

345

Children's Experiences of Disability: Pointers to a Social Model of Childhood Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social model of disability has paid little attention to disabled children, with few attempts to explore how far it provides an adequate explanatory framework for their experiences. This paper reports findings from a two-year study exploring the lived experiences of 26 disabled children aged 7-15. They experienced disability in four ways--in…

Connors, Clare; Stalker, Kirsten

2007-01-01

346

Sleep Disturbances as a Predictor of Cause-Specific Work Disability and Delayed Return to Work  

PubMed Central

Study Objective: To examine sleep disturbances as a predictor of cause-specific work disability and delayed return to work. Design: Prospective observational cohort study linking survey data on sleep disturbances with records of work disability (? 90 days sickness absence, disability pension, or death) obtained from national registers. Setting: Public sector employees in Finland. Participants: 56,732 participants (mean age 44.4 years, 80% female), who were at work and free of work disability at the study inception. Measurements and Results: During a mean follow-up of 3.3 years, incident diagnosis-specific work disability was observed in 4,028 (7%) employees. Of those, 2,347 (60%) returned to work. Sleep disturbances 5-7 nights per week predicted work disability due to mental disorders (hazard ratio [HR] 1.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.3-1.9) and diseases of the circulatory system (HR = 1.6, 95% CI 1.2-2.1), musculoskeletal system (HR = 1.6, 95% CI 1.4-1.8) and nervous system (HR = 1.5, 95% CI 1.0-2.2), and injuries and poisonings (HR = 1.6, 95% CI 1.2-2.1) after controlling for baseline age, sex, socioeconomic status, night/shift work, health behaviors (e.g., smoking, exercise), diagnosed somatic diseases, use of pain killers, depression, and anxiety. In addition, sleep disturbances prior to disability were associated with higher likelihood of not returning to work after work disability from musculoskeletal diseases (HR = 1.2, 95% CI 1.1-1.7) and, in men, after work disability due to mental disorders (HR = 4.4, 95% CI 1.7-11.1). Conclusions: Sleep disturbances are associated with increased risk for subsequent disabling mental disorders and various physical illnesses. They also predict the outcome of work disability due to musculoskeletal disorders. Citation: Salo P; Oksanen T; Sivertsen B; Hall M; Pentti J; Virtanen M; Vahtera J; Kivimäki M. Sleep disturbances as a predictor of cause-specific work disability and delayed return to work. SLEEP 2010;33(10):1323-1331. PMID:21061854

Salo, Paula; Oksanen, Tuula; Sivertsen, Børge; Hall, Martica; Pentti, Jaana; Virtanen, Marianna; Vahtera, Jussi; Mika, Kivimäki

2010-01-01

347

Mobility and Aging: New Directions for Public Health Action  

PubMed Central

Optimal mobility, defined as relative ease and freedom of movement in all of its forms, is central to healthy aging. Mobility is a significant consideration for research, practice, and policy in aging and public health. We examined the public health burdens of mobility disability, with a particular focus on leading public health interventions to enhance walking and driving, and the challenges and opportunities for public health action. We propose an integrated mobility agenda, which draws on the lived experience of older adults. New strategies for research, practice, and policy are needed to move beyond categorical promotion programs in walking and driving to establish a comprehensive program to enhance safe mobility in all its forms. PMID:22698013

Guralnik, Jack M.; Jackson, Richard J.; Marottoli, Richard A.; Phelan, Elizabeth A.; Prohaska, Thomas R.

2012-01-01

348

Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of the…

Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

2011-01-01

349

Veterans with Disabilities in Postsecondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 60 years, veterans with disabilities have been a catalyst in the development of services for students with disabilities in higher education. Current converging factors, including anticipated large numbers of veterans with disabilities enrolling in postsecondary education, Office for Civil Rights directives, and the passage of the…

Madaus, Joseph W.; Miller, Wayne K., II; Vance, Mary Lee

2009-01-01

350

Disability Information: From Knowledge to Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the provision of information on disability to users with or without disabilities, and the role of information professionals. Highlights include obstacles to finding appropriate information; why access to information is important; differences between advocacy and information; and how the provision of disability information is being handled…

Molino, Laura

2001-01-01

351

Workplace Discrimination and the Perception of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article documents the employment discrimination experienced by Americans "regarded as" disabled (but not medically verified as such), using the Integrated Mission System of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Claimants who were perceived as disabled, as contrasted with those with documented disabilities, were more likely…

Draper, William R.; Reid, Christine A.; McMahon, Brian T.

2011-01-01

352

Beyond the Myths about Disabilities and Risks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents risk management strategies for organizations employing people with disabilities. First, the booklet contrasts common beliefs (such as that disabilities are obvious) with actual facts and their implications for risk management. It then discusses several risk management related exceptions in the Americans with Disabilities Act…

Seidman, Anna; Tremper, Charles

353

Expanding opportunities for online shoppers with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet promises many opportunities for consumers who shop online. While prior studies identify problems with online access for persons with disabilities, research has not examined whether consumers with disabilities shop online similarly to persons who are not disabled. The study attempts to fill this gap in two unique ways. First, this paper specifically considers the frequency of online shopping,

Terry L. Childers; Carol Kaufman-Scarborough

2009-01-01

354

Romanian Approach to Media Portrayals of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a wide range of media representations of disability, but not just because of the societal stigma. They are a function of norms of journalism as well as biases among people with disabilities themselves. This article is a contribution to the issue of social representation of persons with disabilities from a Romanian perspective, which will…

Ciot, Melania-Gabriela; Van Hove, Geert

2010-01-01

355

Paddling with Individuals with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a variety of literature that offers adaptations and teaching suggestions for paddling with individuals who have physical disabilities, only a few address the needs of individuals with developmental disabilities (Gullion, 2009; Zeller, 2009). Developmental disabilities refer to a diverse group of severe chronic conditions that are…

Todd, Teri; Medina, Jacquie

2013-01-01

356

Handicaps and Developmental Disabilities. Matrix No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the recent advances achieved by research in the area of developmental disabilities, and discusses directions for future research in this area. Approximately 8 to 10 per cent of the pediatric population suffers from one or more developmental disabilities. The most common of these are learning disabilities, which include some…

Prensky, Arthur L.

357

Compensatory Services and Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with disabilities are entitled to a free appropriate public education (FAPE) under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). If school officials fail to provide students with a FAPE, the courts may grant appropriate relief. Courts often direct educators to provide students with disabilities with a FAPE and to compensate…

Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J.

2009-01-01

358

Learning Disabilities: Historical Perspectives. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the federal government's involvement in learning disabilities through task forces, legislation, and funding has been evident only since the 1960s and 1970s, the roots of learning disabilities can be traced back to the early 1800s. Learning disabilities are one of the newest categories officially recognized by the U.S. Department of…

Hallahan, Daniel P.; Mercer, Cecil D.

359

Postsecondary Education for Individuals with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter theme issue contains several articles on postsecondary education for individuals with disabilities. "Supported Education for People with Psychiatric Disabilities...Issues and Implications" (Karen V. Unger) describes three prototypes for postsecondary education of individuals with psychiatric disabilities--the self-contained…

Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

1991-01-01

360

Disability Documentation: Using All the Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to disability documentation have long been grounds for contention among postsecondary disability service providers. While the new AHEAD Documentation Guidance seems to be creating the usual intensity and heat among its members, there does seem to be a data-based middle ground. The AHEAD Guidance recommends that disability service…

Shaw, Stan F.

2012-01-01

361

Emerging Technologies and Their Impact on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological innovation is transforming the prevalence and functional impact of child disability, the scale of social disparities in child disability, and perhaps the essential meaning of disability in an increasingly technology-dominated world. In this article, Paul Wise investigates several specific facets of this transformation. He begins by…

Wise, Paul H.

2012-01-01

362

Gender Differences in Social Security Disability Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes gender differences in Social Security disability awards. Logit analysis is used to identify significant determinants of receiving a Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) award. The results show that, even after controlling for applicant characteristics and nature of impairment, women receive Social Security disability awards at a significantly lower rate than do men.

Marjorie L. Baldwin

1997-01-01

363

Near anastigmatic grazing incidence telescope  

Microsoft Academic Search

A performance capability assessment is presently conducted for short versus long grazing incidence telescope designs, in view of the observation that the field curvature and astigmatism that are the primary residual aberrations of a Wolter-type incidence telescope can be substantially reduced through mirror length reduction. A major advantage of the short element telescope is that, if sufficiently short, both the

D. Korsch

1984-01-01

364

Chernobyl fallout and cancer incidence in Finland.  

PubMed

Twenty-five years have passed since the Chernobyl accident, but its health consequences remain to be well established. Finland was one of the most heavily affected countries by the radioactive fallout outside the former Soviet Union. We analyzed the relation of the estimated external radiation exposure from the fallout to cancer incidence in Finland in 1988-2007. The study cohort comprised all ? 3.8 million Finns who had lived in the same dwelling for 12 months following the accident (May 1986-April 1987). Radiation exposure was estimated using data from an extensive mobile dose rate survey. Cancer incidence data were obtained for the cohort divided into four exposure categories (the lowest with the first-year committed dose <0.1 mSv and the highest ? 0.5 mSv) allowing for a latency of 5 years for leukemia and thyroid cancer, and 10 years for other cancers. Of the eight predefined cancer sites regarded as radiation-related from earlier studies, only colon cancer among women showed an association with exposure from fallout [excess rate ratio per increment in exposure category 0.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.02-0.11]. No such effect was observed for men, or other cancer sites. Our analysis of a large cohort over two decades did not reveal an increase in cancer incidence following the Chernobyl accident, with the possible exception of colon cancer among women. The largely null findings are consistent with extrapolation from previous studies suggesting that the effect is likely to remain too small to be empirically detectable and of little public health impact. PMID:24135935

Auvinen, Anssi; Seppä, Karri; Pasanen, Kari; Kurttio, Päivi; Patama, Toni; Pukkala, Eero; Heinävaara, Sirpa; Arvela, Hannu; Verkasalo, Pia; Hakulinen, Timo

2014-05-01

365

THE SOLUBLE EPOXIDE HYDROLASE GENE HARBORS SEQUENCE VARIATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH SUSCEPTIBILITY TO AND PROTECTION FROM INCIDENT ISCHEMIC STROKE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability and the third leading cause of death, accounting for one of every 15 deaths in the USA. We investigated the association of polymorphisms in the soluble epoxide hydrolase gene (EPHX2) with incident ischemic stroke in African-Americans and Whites. Twelv...

366

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2012-07-01

367

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2014-07-01

368

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2010-07-01

369

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2011-07-01

370

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2013-07-01

371

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY TO PREVENT DISABILITY IN FUNCTIONALLY LIMITED OLDER ADULTS: THE ART AND SCIENCE OF TAILORING TREATMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The purpose of the physical activity (PA) intervention in the LIFE trial is to improve impairments associated with "mobility disability" and to teach long-term maintenance of independent PA (150 minutes of aerobic activity per week). The PA program is of moderate intensity and includes aerobic, str...

372

Scales could be developed based on simple clinical ratings of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set categories  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe aim of the study was to examine whether clinical ratings of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health categories can be integrated into parametric scales, which provide a reliable estimation of specified patient problems and rehabilitation goals using the example of mobility of the upper and lower extremities in the acute hospital situation.

Eva Grill; Gerold Stucki

2009-01-01

373

Self-Report Computer-Based Survey of Technology Use by People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advancements of technologies in the areas of mobility, hearing and vision, communication, and daily living for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities has the potential to greatly enhance independence and self-determination. Previous research, however, suggests that there is a technological divide with regard to the use of such…

Tanis, Emily Shea; Palmer, Susan; Wehmeyer, Michael; Davies, Daniel K.; Stock, Steven E.; Lobb, Kathy; Bishop, Barbara

2012-01-01

374

Intellectual Disability and Spiritual Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linking the concepts of intellectual disability and spiritual development creates a challenging mixture of sociological and theological issues. Formal definitions of the concepts can be less than conclusive but it remains a fundamental issue to consider if there may be some minimal level of intellectual competence below which it is not feasible to…

Watts, Graeme

2011-01-01

375

Educating Students with Mild Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book contains 19 papers from the journal, "Focus on Exceptional Children," that discuss new perspectives and practices in educating students with mild disabilities. The first half of the book is titled "New Perspectives" and includes the following articles: "Beyond the Regular Education Initiative/Inclusion and the Resource Room Controversy"…

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; And Others

376

Learning Disability: Experience of Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have focused on the experience of diagnosis from the perspectives of parents of children with learning disabilities, but there has been limited methodologically rigorous investigation into the experience for the person themselves. Eight participants were recruited from a range of different backgrounds. Interviews were analysed using…

Kenyon, Elinor; Beail, Nigel; Jackson, Tom

2014-01-01

377

Integrated Disability Covers You When  

E-print Network

. · Support of the employee's transition to full duty can be provided by a licensed physical therapist can be provided at the employee's worksite, eliminating the need for travel. The physical therapist possibilities that may allow an employee to remain productive at work. · Assist with applications for disability

378

Disability Awareness: Creating Employment Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training module is intended to increase awareness of workshop participants concerning their individual values and to develop positive attitudes and behaviors toward people with disabilities. The module includes workshop content (with side notes to the trainer in italics), overheads, and many handouts. Preliminary information includes module…

Gregory, Martha Wille, Ed.

379

Child Abuse and Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature indicating high rates of abuse in this population is reviewed, as is literature indicating high rates of developmental disabilities in child victims of abuse. Problems in data collecting practices are noted. Reasons for these children's greater risk for abuse are identified, including child attributes, stress, parent vulnerabilities,…

Grayson, Joann, Ed.; Bartlette, Don

1992-01-01

380

Disabled Readers: Insight, Assessment, Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on helping teachers to understand and help children who have reading disabilities, the 13 papers in this volume were prepared by practitioners at various levels from public school, community, and university settings. The papers included in part one offer insights into the concomitant aspects of reading difficulties. Specific topics…

Sawyer, Diane J., Ed.

381

Readiness Skills for Disabled Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exercises in 10 prewriting skill areas (scribbling, imitation, tracing, completion, discrimination, automatic writing, cued writing, free associating, ordered writing, and message writing) are suggested to help students with writing disabilities. The exercises are explained to help in identifying as well as remediating the problem. (CL)

Giordano, Gerald

1983-01-01

382

Disability and the Black Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses physical, mental, and learning disabilities experienced across age, gender, and ethnic groups by the black race in the United States. After an introduction by Sheila D. Miller, the papers are: "A Study to Assess Patient Satisfaction of Transitioning from Medicaid to Managed Care by Sickle Cell Patients in Hampton Roads,…

Miller, Sheila D., Ed.

383

Financial Resources for Disabled Individuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is intended to provide a practical source of information on financial resources for disabled individuals. Following an introductory chapter is a chapter discussing some fundamental principles useful in increasing the likelihood that a benefit will be awarded. Subsequent chapters contain information on financial assistance programs in…

Institute for Information Studies, Falls Church, VA.

384

Learning Disabilities: Diagnosis and Prescription.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author advocates an interdisciplinary team approach to diagnosis and prescription for the elementary school learning disabled (LD) child. Described is a 5-year project, funded under Title VI, operating within 11-18 elementary schools surrounding the University of Maryland Hospital. Biweekly services are offered to participating schools by a…

Kappelman, Murray M.

385

VISUAL DEFICIENCIES AND READING DISABILITY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE ROLE OF VISUAL SENSORY DEFICIENCIES IN THE CAUSATION READING DISABILITY IS DISCUSSED. PREVIOUS AND CURRENT RESEARCH STUDIES DEALING WITH SPECIFIC VISUAL PROBLEMS WHICH HAVE BEEN FOUND TO BE NEGATIVELY RELATED TO SUCCESSFUL READING ACHIEVEMENT ARE LISTED--(1) FARSIGHTEDNESS, (2) ASTIGMATISM, (3) BINOCULAR INCOORDINATIONS, AND (4) FUSIONAL…

ROSEN, CARL L.

386

DISABILITY RESOURCE CENTER System Requirements  

E-print Network

and the pages scanned on a high speed scanner, processed through Optical Character Recognition (OCR Card SoundBlaster or compatible sound card · Audio Output Speakers, headphones etc. The system · Accessories CD-ROM, Keyboard, Mouse For more information about services, please contact: Disability Resource

Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

387

Disability Etiquette Guide The Basics  

E-print Network

the following formula: Name or Title of a Person + Verb + Assistive Device or Disability Professor, student, crutches or other assistive devices use arms for balance. Refrain from touching them or moving an object around them unexpectedly. People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired o Identify yourself and allow

Jiang, Huiqiang

388

Disability, Work and Cash Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 13 papers from a workshop convened to explore the causes of work disability and the types of interventions that might enable individuals to remain at work, return to work, or enter the work force for the first time, despite having chronic health conditions or impairments. Following an overview of the papers by editors Jerry L.…

Mashaw, Jerry L., Ed.; And Others

389

Makingadifference Center on Disability and  

E-print Network

toward our common goals. We look forward to another year of education, research and service -- to making in Developmental Disabilities Research, Education, and Service #12;2 Welcome to OurYear in Review Our MissionDirector Deborah Lisi-Baker AssociateDirector Core Function Coordinators: Dr.WesWilliams &Tim Fox InterdisciplinaryEducation

Hayden, Nancy J.

390

JAMA Patient Page: Assessing Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... may contribute to an increased burden in both quality of life and health care costs. FOR MORE INFORMATION • Administration on Aging Eldercare Locator www.eldercare.gov • National Council on Disability www.ncd.gov • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov/nchs • Workers’ Compensation ...

391

Assistive Software for Disabled Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous reports in this series (#32 and 36) have discussed online software features of value to disabled learners in distance education. The current report evaluates four specific assistive software products with useful features for visually and hearing impaired learners: "ATutor", "ACollab", "Natural Voice", and "Just Vanilla". The evaluative…

Clark, Sharon; Baggaley, Jon

2004-01-01

392

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews developments in 2000 in the law of disability discrimination as it relates to higher education, which falls into five categories: (1) definition of a qualified individual; (2) accommodations, access, undue burden, and fundamental alteration of programs; (3) intentional discrimination, harassment, and retaliation; (4) Eleventh Amendment…

Weber, Mark C.

2002-01-01

393

Accreditation of Developmental Disabilities Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data gathered from 296 agency accreditation surveys, conducted by the Accreditation Council on Services for People with Developmental Disabilities, were analyzed, focusing on ownership, services provided, size of residential units, critical standards, characteristics of individuals served, and accreditation outcome. Redundancies between private…

Hemp, Richard; Braddock, David

1988-01-01

394

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1995-01-01

395

Forestry Commission Disability Equality Scheme  

E-print Network

Forestry Commission Disability Equality Scheme 2009-2012 #12;CONTENTS Page · Foreword by the Forestry Commissioners 3 · Introduction 4 · The Forestry Commission's Structure 9 · Legal Obligations 12 20 · The Forestry Commission as a Service Provider 22 · The Forestry Commission as an Employer 23

396

Intellectual Disabilities and Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undetected/untreated hearing loss imposes significant limitations upon individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). It can interfere with cognitive development, impede communicative and social interactions, and limit vocational aspirations. Over the past decade, the hearing of 9961 people with ID was evaluated at Special Olympics sports…

Herer, Gilbert R.

2012-01-01

397

Physical activity and learning disability.  

PubMed

The inclusion of people with learning disabilities in sporting activities promotes a number of positive outcomes. These may include opportunities for social inclusion, the creation of positive role models for other people with learning disabilities, the opportunity to present people with learning disabilities in valued social roles to a global community, sharing of common interests and experiences, and social and competitive rewards. There is also the potential for positive physical and mental health outcomes. Current data suggests that people with learning disabilities are physically less active than the rest of the population, more likely to lead sedentary lifestyles and more prone to obesity and associated health conditions. However, there are a number of ways in which nurses may support both individuals and their carers to engage with and promote programmes of physical activity. These may include the design of individual activity plans incorporated within health action planning aligned with suitable rewards systems. Action might also be taken in terms of health promotion advice and information to carers and those providing facilities for physical activity. PMID:22875298

Hallawell, Bob; Stephens, Jacqueline; Charnock, David

398

Disability: a view from selected cultural perspectives.  

PubMed

The concept of disability has been examined from various cultural perspectives across the globe. The author explores how services and specific support networks have been provided to people with disabilities. Small-scale and large-scale societies have had to deal with unique challenges in monitoring services for the disabled, regardless of their geographical location; financial resources, accountability and adequate staffing are primary problems in delivery of services to the disabled. Prospects and challenges facing people with disabilities require policy reforms and advancements in special education in all countries. PMID:19550159

Eskay, Michael

2008-01-01

399

Modeling of a finite-size thick metallic waveguide FSS under oblique plane wave incidence using Scale Changing Technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the SCT is applied for the global electromagnetic simulation of a finite-size and thick waveguidecell FSS illuminated by an oblique incident plane wave. Preliminary results under normal incident plane wave have been presented by the authors in. The FSS plays a key role in many antenna systems for modern fixed and mobile communication services. FSS are used

Euloge B. Tchikaya; Hervé Aubert; N. J. G. Fonseca

2010-01-01

400

The Effects of Self-Monitoring on the Procedural Integrity of a Behavioral Intervention for Young Children with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of self-monitoring on procedural integrity of token economy implementation by 3 staff in a special education classroom were evaluated. The subsequent changes in academic readiness behaviors of 2 students with low-incidence disabilities were measured. Multiple baselines across staff and students showed that procedural integrity…

Plavnick, Joshua B.; Ferreri, Summer J.; Maupin, Angela N.

2010-01-01

401

Health Gain through Screening--Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: Developing Primary Health Care Services for People with Intellectual Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 120 British adults with intellectual disability found they had higher risk factors of developing coronary heart disease and stroke than the general population. There was a greater incidence of obesity and considerably lower physical activity levels than the general population. Several also had abnormal cholesterol readings. (CR)

Wells, M. B.; Turner, S.; Martin, D. M.; Roy, A.

1997-01-01

402

Dementia and Disability Outcomes in Large Hypertension Trials: Lessons Learned from the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP) Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP) trial (1985-1990), active treatment reduced the incidence of cardiovascular events, but not that of dementia and disability, as compared with placebo. This study aims to evaluate if assessment of cognitive and functional outcomes was biased by differential dropout. Characteristics of subjects who did or did not participate in follow-up cognitive and

Mauro Di Bari; Marco Pahor; Lonneke V. Franse; Ronald I. Shorr; Jim Y. Wan; Luigi Ferrucci; Grant W. Somes; William B. Applegate

403

Music reduces pain and increases functional mobility in fibromyalgia  

PubMed Central

The pain in Fibromyalgia (FM) is difficult to treat and functional mobility seems to be an important comorbidity in these patients that could evolve into a disability. In this study we wanted to investigate the analgesic effects of music in FM pain. Twenty-two FM patients were passively exposed to (1) self-chosen, relaxing, pleasant music, and to (2) a control auditory condition (pink noise). They rated pain and performed the “timed-up & go task (TUG)” to measure functional mobility after each auditory condition. Listening to relaxing, pleasant, self-chosen music reduced pain and increased functional mobility significantly in our FM patients. The music-induced analgesia was significantly correlated with the TUG scores; thereby suggesting that the reduction in pain unpleasantness increased functional mobility. Notably, this mobility improvement was obtained with music played prior to the motor task (not during), therefore the effect cannot be explained merely by motor entrainment to a fast rhythm. Cognitive and emotional mechanisms seem to be central to music-induced analgesia. Our findings encourage the use of music as a treatment adjuvant to reduce chronic pain in FM and increase functional mobility thereby reducing the risk of disability. PMID:24575066

Garza-Villarreal, Eduardo A.; Wilson, Andrew D.; Vase, Lene; Brattico, Elvira; Barrios, Fernando A.; Jensen, Troels S.; Romero-Romo, Juan I.; Vuust, Peter

2014-01-01

404

Healthcare employees' progression through disability benefits.  

PubMed

Progression of Disability Benefits (PODB) refers to the migration of workers with work-limiting disabilities through a system of economic disability benefits that result in their ultimate placement into the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) system [16]. Specifically, this migration involves a "progression" from short-term disability (STD) to long-term disability (LTD) to SSDI income. This project uses Chi-squared Automatic Interaction (CHAID) Technique to study the Healthcare industry, the largest industry in the United States, and its PODB experience. The first part of the study analyzes if claimant demographic (age, gender, disability type) and PODB data (movement from STD to LTD to SSDI) can be used to predict employer industry (dependent variable). Gender was the most significant predictor, while men working outside of Healthcare had the greatest amount of progression to advanced disability levels. The second part of the study assesses if the PODB experience could be predicted through claimant demographics and the sub-set industry within Healthcare in which claimants' were employed. The resulting dendogram reveals that disability type was the strongest predictor of claimant movement through disability benefits levels. Age was the second strongest predictor for all but 1 category of disability type, in which the Healthcare sector was the strongest predictor. PMID:19923676

Hawley, Carolyn E; Diaz, Sebastian; Reid, Christine

2009-01-01

405

Function and disability in children with Costello syndrome and Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome.  

PubMed

There is limited research on function in individuals with RASopathies. Our hypothesis was that there was function and disability differences between Costello syndrome (CS) and Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (CFCS). The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the functional performance and level of disability of children with CS and CFCS using the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Index (PEDI). Parents of individuals with a medical diagnosis of CS and CFCS completed the computer or paper version of the questionnaires. Comparisons of response data were made between the two syndromes and published normative data. Fifty-two parents participated in the study, 38 in the CS group and 14 in the CFCS group. There were no significant differences in PODCI or PEDI scores between the CS and CFCS groups. There were statistically significant differences from normative values for all PODCI domains (P???0.012). The PEDI T-scores of both groups were greater than two standard deviations below normative scores in mobility (CS?=?12.37, CFCS?=?2.37), social (CS?=?24.01, CFCS?=?20.08), and activity (CS?=?15.88, CFCS?=?14.32). Responsibility T scores were in the normal range (30-70) for the CS group (31.38), but not for the CFCS group (28.40). The CS and CFCS groups had activity limitations in the PODCI domains of upper extremity function, transfers, and mobility, sport and physical function. These functional limitations cause significant disability in the PEDI domains of daily activity, mobility, and socialization and cognition. CS and CFCS are similar conditions in respect to functional limitations and severity of disability. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25346259

Johnson, Barbara; Goldberg-Strassler, Dina; Gripp, Karen; Thacker, Mihr; Leoni, Chiara; Stevenson, David

2015-01-01

406

African Americans with Disabilities and the Social Security Administration's Return-to-Work IncentivesA Potential Clash of Culture and Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because there is a high incidence of work-related disabilities in the African American community, which is due to several factors, African Americans are likely to be recipients of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits. In this article, the author reviews SSDI policies and examines cultural variables specific to African Americans that may negate return-to-work incentives. Social cognitive theory is offered

Reginald J. Alston

2004-01-01

407

The law's understanding of intellectual disability as a disability.  

PubMed

Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern in dealing with a person with ID is almost always with that person's functional abilities and limitations in society. This concern is reflected in various aspects of criminal and civil law, although the methods of assessing those functional abilities and limitations have changed considerably over time. The law has not always been wise or humane in its treatment of people with ID, but its focus on functional abilities and limitations allows us to assist people with ID to use their abilities and participate in society to their fullest potential. PMID:23537356

Ellis, James W

2013-04-01

408

Swinburne University of Technology Disability / Medical Documentation Form Disability Services requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant professional, before  

E-print Network

Swinburne University of Technology Disability / Medical Documentation Form Disability Services requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant Guidelines" for more information). The information provided will remain confidential and be used

Liley, David

409

Near anastigmatic grazing incidence telescope  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A performance capability assessment is presently conducted for short versus long grazing incidence telescope designs, in view of the observation that the field curvature and astigmatism that are the primary residual aberrations of a Wolter-type incidence telescope can be substantially reduced through mirror length reduction. A major advantage of the short element telescope is that, if sufficiently short, both the paraboloid and hyperboloid surfaces may be fabricated as a single piece; this significantly facilitates the task of alignment.

Korsch, D.

1984-01-01

410

Change in chronic disability from 1982 to 2004/2005 as measured by long-term changes in function and health in the U.S. elderly population.  

PubMed

Changes in the health and functioning of the Medicare-enrolled population aged 65+ are tracked by using the 1982-2004/2005 National Long-Term Care Surveys. We found a significant rate of decline in the prevalence of chronic disability that accelerated from 1982 to 2004. These declines are significant for both persons with less severe chronic disability, which might be compensated by modifying the built environment and providing assistive devices, and for persons with more serious disability, which may be affected by reductions in the incidence and severity of disease through biomedical interventions. Declines in chronic disability continued over the 22-year period at a rate fast enough (i.e., 1.52% per annum) to contribute significantly to the long-term fiscal stability of the Medicare (and Medicaid) programs. Changes in the rate and substance of disability declines seem consistent with the intentions of policy interventions in Medicare and Medicaid. PMID:17101963

Manton, Kenneth G; Gu, XiLiang; Lamb, Vicki L

2006-11-28

411

Knee injuries related to sports in young adult males during military service - incidence and risk factors.  

PubMed

The population-based incidence and risk factors for knee injuries in young adults were assessed in Finnish male conscripts performing their compulsory military service (n?=?128,584). The main outcome variables were (1) hospitalization due to knee injuries overall and (2) hospitalization due to knee disorders as categorized into specific International Classification of Diseases, tenth revision diagnoses (cruciate and collateral ligament tears, meniscal tears, traumatic chondral lesions, and patellar dislocations). Person-time injury-incidence rates were calculated by dividing the number of persons with a diagnosed knee injury by the total exposure time of 97,503 person-years. The number of subjects with surgical operations and military service class changes indicative of longer term notable disability are also reported. Risk factor analyses were performed by logistic regression. The person-based incidence of hospitalizations for knee injury was 11 cases per 1000 person-years [95% confidence interval (CI): 10.4-11.7]. The most important risk factors were higher age (odds ratio 1.7; 95% CI: 1.3-2.2) and obesity (odds ratio 1.6; 95% CI: 1.03-2.5). Two thirds of all subjects hospitalized for knee injuries had surgery, and one third had longer term notable disability. These findings indicate that knee injuries cause a significant burden of hospitalizations, often leading to surgery and longer term disability. PMID:22092849

Kuikka, P-I; Pihlajamäki, H K; Mattila, V M

2013-06-01

412

Cyber Incidents Involving Control Systems  

SciTech Connect

The Analysis Function of the US-CERT Control Systems Security Center (CSSC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has prepared this report to document cyber security incidents for use by the CSSC. The description and analysis of incidents reported herein support three CSSC tasks: establishing a business case; increasing security awareness and private and corporate participation related to enhanced cyber security of control systems; and providing informational material to support model development and prioritize activities for CSSC. The stated mission of CSSC is to reduce vulnerability of critical infrastructure to cyber attack on control systems. As stated in the Incident Management Tool Requirements (August 2005) ''Vulnerability reduction is promoted by risk analysis that tracks actual risk, emphasizes high risk, determines risk reduction as a function of countermeasures, tracks increase of risk due to external influence, and measures success of the vulnerability reduction program''. Process control and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, with their reliance on proprietary networks and hardware, have long been considered immune to the network attacks that have wreaked so much havoc on corporate information systems. New research indicates this confidence is misplaced--the move to open standards such as Ethernet, Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, and Web technologies is allowing hackers to take advantage of the control industry's unawareness. Much of the available information about cyber incidents represents a characterization as opposed to an analysis of events. The lack of good analyses reflects an overall weakness in reporting requirements as well as the fact that to date there have been very few serious cyber attacks on control systems. Most companies prefer not to share cyber attack incident data because of potential financial repercussions. Uniform reporting requirements will do much to make this information available to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and others who require it. This report summarizes the rise in frequency of cyber attacks, describes the perpetrators, and identifies the means of attack. This type of analysis, when used in conjunction with vulnerability analyses, can be used to support a proactive approach to prevent cyber attacks. CSSC will use this document to evolve a standardized approach to incident reporting and analysis. This document will be updated as needed to record additional event analyses and insights regarding incident reporting. This report represents 120 cyber security incidents documented in a number of sources, including: the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) Industrial Security Incident Database, the 2003 CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey, the KEMA, Inc., Database, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Energy Incident Database, the INL Cyber Incident Database, and other open-source data. The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) database was also interrogated but, interestingly, failed to yield any cyber attack incidents. The results of this evaluation indicate that historical evidence provides insight into control system related incidents or failures; however, that the limited available information provides little support to future risk estimates. The documented case history shows that activity has increased significantly since 1988. The majority of incidents come from the Internet by way of opportunistic viruses, Trojans, and worms, but a surprisingly large number are directed acts of sabotage. A substantial number of confirmed, unconfirmed, and potential events that directly or potentially impact control systems worldwide are also identified. Twelve selected cyber incidents are presented at the end of this report as examples of the documented case studies (see Appendix B).

Robert J. Turk

2005-10-01

413

Mobile Schools for a Mobile World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overwhelmingly, independent schools are embracing mobile devices--laptops, iPads or other tablets, and smartphones--to enhance teaching and learning. This article describes the results of the "NAIS 2012 Mobile Learning Survey." Among its findings were that 75 percent of NAIS-member schools currently use mobile learning devices in at…

Booth, Susan

2013-01-01

414

The changing landscape of disability in childhood.  

PubMed

Americans' perceptions of childhood disability have changed dramatically over the past century, as have their ideas about health and illness, medical developments, threats to children's health and development, and expectations for child functioning. Neal Halfon, Amy Houtrow, Kandyce Larson, and Paul Newacheck examine how these changes have influenced the risk of poor health and disability and how recent policies to address the needs of children with disabilities have evolved. The authors examine the prevalence in the United States of childhood disability and of the conditions responsible for impairment, as well as trends in the prevalence of chronic conditions associated with disability. They find that childhood disability is increasing and that emotional, behavioral, and neurological disabilities are now more prevalent than physical impairments. They stress the importance of, and lack of progress in, improving socioeconomic disparities in disability prevalence, as well as the need for better measures and greater harmonization of data and data sources across different child-serving agencies and levels of government. They call on policy makers to strengthen existing data systems to advance understanding of the causes of childhood disabilities and guide the formulation of more strategic, responsive, and effective policies, programs, and interventions. The authors offer a new and forward-looking definition of childhood disability that reflects emerging and developmentally responsive notions of childhood health and disability. They highlight the relationship between health, functioning, and the environment; the gap in function between a child's abilities and the norm; and how that gap limits the child's ability to engage successfully with his or her world. Their definition also recognizes the dynamic nature of disability and how the experience of disability can be modified by the child's environment. PMID:22550684

Halfon, Neal; Houtrow, Amy; Larson, Kandyce; Newacheck, Paul W

2012-01-01

415

Using assistive technology outcomes research to inform policy related to the employment of individuals with disabilities.  

PubMed

We know that work is recognized as a central component of life for individuals with and without disabilities. It yields many physical and psychological benefits to the individual while simultaneously contributing numerous benefits to society. Lawmakers have enacted a plethora of laws designed to prevent discrimination, provide incentives for employers to hire individuals with disabilities, and facilitate job training/career preparation. Assistive technology figures prominently in disability employment law as a critical strategy for gaining access and supporting employment and upward mobility in the workplace. However, little systematic effort has been devoted to examining assistive technology use and outcomes as they relate to the employment of individuals with disabilities. The purpose of this article is to articulate a series of issues that permeate assistive technology outcome measurement in employment settings and subsequently affect the use of research knowledge for federal and state policy makers. For each issue, the authors pose three questions for critical analysis: Does the law compel the provision of assistive technology? Does outcome data play any part in the operation of the law? When it does, what kind of data would be useful to collect and where could it be found? Finally, the authors provide a brief glimpse of the current and future research efforts concerning the RSA-911 database. The recent database summaries exemplify the importance of such a national data collection system for informing federal policy, particularly concerning the contributions of assistive technology device use and services on improving the employment of individuals with disabilities. PMID:18939654

Mendelsohn, Steven; Edyburn, Dave L; Rust, Kathy L; Schwanke, Todd D; Smith, Roger O

2008-01-01

416

Characteristics of the least frail adults with intellectual disabilities: a positive biology perspective.  

PubMed

The current study focuses on the characteristics of older people with intellectual disabilities with the lowest frailty levels. Frailty is an increased risk of adverse health outcomes and dependency. Older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) show more signs of early frailty than the general population. Knowledge of the least frail group characteristics may provide insight into possibilities to prevent early frailty in older people with intellectual disabilities. This study was part of the Healthy Aging and Intellectual Disability study (HA-ID) which incorporated 1050 adults aged 50 years and over with all levels of ID. Frailty was measured with a frailty index. The least frail group was selected based on a frailty index score ? 0.10. Odds ratios were used to compare the occurrence of health deficits in the least frail group to the remaining group. The least frail group consisted of 65 participants, corresponding with 6.6% of the study population. The least frail group was significantly younger, had less severe levels of ID, and less often Down syndrome than the remaining group. The lack of mobility and physical fitness limitations, dependence, no signs of depression/dementia, and little medical problems characterized the least frail group. The percentage of 50+ adults with intellectual disabilities within the least frail group is very low compared to that in the general aging population (>43%). Interventions to prevent or delay frailty in this population are highly recommended and can focus on health characteristics of the least frail group. PMID:24252590

Schoufour, Josje D; van Wijngaarden, Judith; Mitnitski, Arnold; Rockwood, Kenneth; Evenhuis, Heleen M; Echteld, Michael A

2014-01-01

417

Autism in Genetic Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Despite early controversy, it is currently accepted that a substantial proportion of children with intellectual disability\\u000a of genetic origin meet criteria for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This has led to an increased interest in studying conditions\\u000a such as Fragile X syndrome (FXS) as genetic models of idiopathic ASD. Here, largely based on our own studies, we expand this\\u000a notion to

Walter E. Kaufmann; George T. Capone; Megan Clarke; Dejan B. Budimirovic

418

The Disability burden of COPD.  

PubMed

Affecting an estimated 12.6 million people and causing over 100,000 deaths per year, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacts a heavy burden on American society. Despite knowledge of the impact of COPD on morbidity, mortality, and health care costs, little is known about the association of the disease with economic outcomes such as employment and the collection of disability. We quantify the impact of COPD on Americans aged 51 and older-in particular, their employment prospects and their likelihood of collecting federal disability benefits-by conducting longitudinal regression analysis using the Health and Retirement Study. Controlling for initial health status and a variety of sociodemographic factors, we find that COPD is associated with a decrease in the likelihood of employment of 8.6 percentage points (OR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.50-0.67), from 44% to 35%. This association rivals that of stroke and is larger than those of heart disease, cancer, hypertension, and diabetes. Furthermore, COPD is associated with a 3.9 percentage point (OR 2.52, 95% CI 2.00-3.17) increase in the likelihood of collecting Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), from 3.2% to 7.1%, as well as a 1.7 percentage point (OR 2.87, 95% CI 2.02-4.08) increase in the likelihood of collecting Supplemental Security Income (SSI), from 1.0% to 2.7%. The associations of COPD with SSDI and SSI are the largest of any of the conditions studied. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that COPD imposes a substantial burden on American society by inhibiting employment and creating disability. PMID:22721264

Thornton Snider, Julia; Romley, John A; Wong, Ken S; Zhang, Jie; Eber, Michael; Goldman, Dana P

2012-08-01

419

Adaptive mobility for rescue robots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has often been observed that the most daunting aspect of any crisis response is managing the "unknown unknowns" that inevitably plague incident commanders and emergency personnel at all levels responsible for life and death decisions on a minute by minute basis. In structural collapse situations, for example, rescue crews rarely have even a coarse picture of the number or disposition of people or material scattered amongst the twisted beams and piles of concrete that typically entomb would-be survivors. How can the incident commander decide which beam to lift or even which section of the building to search first in the absence of information of what lies beneath. Even the slightest tug on a concrete slab can collapse potential life harboring void spaces below killing potential survivors in the process. In deploying mobile robots to assist in rescue operations we combined the traditional advantages of machine immunity to fatigue, hazardous materials and environmental controls, with the mechanical design freedom that allowed small platforms to penetrate deep into rubble to expand both situational awareness and operational influence of rescue services at the World Trade Center and mountainous snow-bound caves in Afghanistan. We learned a great deal from these experiences with regard to robot emloyment and design. This paper endeavors to share a few of our more prominent lessons learned regarding portable robot mobility as a means to manage user expectations and stimulate more innovative and adaptive design.

Blitch, John G.

2003-09-01

420

20 CFR 404.1520 - Evaluation of disability in general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...that we follow in a set order. If we can find that you are disabled or not disabled...not go on to the next step. If we cannot find that you are disabled or not disabled...substantial gainful activity, we will find that you are not disabled. (See...

2011-04-01

421

20 CFR 404.1520 - Evaluation of disability in general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...that we follow in a set order. If we can find that you are disabled or not disabled...not go on to the next step. If we cannot find that you are disabled or not disabled...substantial gainful activity, we will find that you are not disabled. (See...

2010-04-01

422

Fruit flies and intellectual disability  

PubMed Central

Mental retardation—known more commonly nowadays as intellectual disability—is a severe neurological condition affecting up to 3% of the general population. As a result of the analysis of familial cases and recent advances in clinical genetic testing, great strides have been made in our understanding of the genetic etiologies of mental retardation. Nonetheless, no treatment is currently clinically available to patients suffering from intellectual disability. Several animal models have been used in the study of memory and cognition. Established paradigms in Drosophila have recently captured cognitive defects in fly mutants for orthologs of genes involved in human intellectual disability. We review here three protocols designed to understand the molecular genetic basis of learning and memory in Drosophila and the genes identified so far with relation to mental retardation. In addition, we explore the mental retardation genes for which evidence of neuronal dysfunction other than memory has been established in Drosophila. Finally, we summarize the findings in Drosophila for mental retardation genes for which no neuronal information is yet available. All in all, this review illustrates the impressive overlap between genes identified in human mental retardation and genes involved in physiological learning and memory. PMID:19182539

Bolduc, François V.; Tully, Tim

2011-01-01

423

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2011-04-01

424

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2013-04-01

425

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2013-04-01

426

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2010-04-01

427

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2014-04-01

428

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2014-04-01

429

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2012-04-01

430

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2012-04-01

431

20 CFR 416.1415 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2011-04-01

432

20 CFR 404.915 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...involved in making the determination you are appealing. The disability hearing officer...or revised determination that you are appealing, the disability hearing officer...which made the determination you are appealing. (2) State agency defined....

2010-04-01

433

Disabling conditional inferences: an EEG study.  

PubMed

Although the Modus Ponens inference is one of the most basic logical rules, decades of conditional reasoning research show that it is often rejected when people consider stored background knowledge about potential disabling conditions. In the present study we used EEG to identify neural markers of this process. We presented participants with many and few disabler conditionals for which retrieval of disabling conditions was likely or unlikely. As in classic behavioral studies we observed that participants accepted the standard MP conclusion less for conditionals with many disablers. The key finding was that the presentation of the standard MP conclusion also resulted in a more pronounced N2 and less pronounced P3b for the many disabler conditionals. This specific N2/P3b pattern has been linked to the violation and satisfaction of expectations, respectively. Thereby, the present ERP findings support the idea that disabler retrieval lowers reasoners' expectations that the standard MP conclusion can be drawn. PMID:24508764

Bonnefond, Mathilde; Kaliuzhna, Mariia; Van der Henst, Jean-Baptiste; De Neys, Wim

2014-04-01

434

Disability and the education system.  

PubMed

Education is important for all children, but even more so for children with disabilities, whose social and economic opportunities may be limited. In this article, Laudan Aron and Pamela Loprest assess how well the nation's education system is serving students with disabilities. Aron and Loprest trace the evolution of the special education system in the United States from its origins in the civil rights movement of the mid-twentieth century. They note the dual character of federal legislation, which both guarantees eligible children with disabilities the right to a "free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive setting" and establishes a federal funding program to help meet this goal. They then review the types of services and accommodations these children receive from infancy through young adulthood. The special education system has given children with disabilities much greater access to public education, established an infrastructure for educating them, helped with the earlier identification of disabilities, and promoted greater inclusion of these children alongside their nondisabled peers. Despite these advances, many problems remain, including the over- and underidentification of certain subgroups of students, delays in identifying and serving students, and bureaucratic, regulatory, and financial barriers that complicate the program for everyone involved. More important, the authors show that special education students still lag behind their nondisabled peers in educational achievements, are often held to lower expectations, are less likely to take the full academic curriculum in high school, and are more likely to drop out of school. Only limited evidence is available on the effectiveness of specific special education services or on how to improve student achievement for this important subgroup of students. Improving the system will require better ways of understanding and measuring both ends of the special education continuum, namely, what services special education children need and receive, and what academic outcomes these students achieve. Without stronger evidence linking these two aspects of the system, Aron and Loprest argue, researchers will be unable to gauge the efficacy of the services now being delivered or to formulate effective reforms to the system as a whole. PMID:22550687

Aron, Laudan; Loprest, Pamela

2012-01-01

435

Ensuring Mobility-Supporting Environments for an Aging Population: Critical Actors and Collaborations  

PubMed Central

Successful aging takes on an array of attributes, including optimal health and community participation. Research indicates that (1) persons with disabilities, including age-related disabilities, report frequent barriers to community participation, including unsuitable building design (43%), transportation (32%), and sidewalks/curbs (31%), and (2) many seniors report an inability to cross roads safely near their homes. This paper attempts to define mobility-related elements that contribute to optimal health and quality of life, within the context of successful aging. It then examines the impacts of community design on individual mobility, delving into which traditional and nontraditional actors—including architects, urban planners, transportation engineers, occupational therapists, and housing authorities—play critical roles in ensuring that community environments serve as facilitators (rather than barriers) to mobility. As America ages, mobility challenges for seniors will only increase unless both traditional aging specialists and many nontraditional actors make a concerted effort to address the challenges. PMID:21766029

Kochtitzky, Chris S.; Freeland, Amy L.; Yen, Irene H.

2011-01-01

436

Impact of Mainstreaming and Disability Visibility on Social Representations of Disability and Otherness Held by Junior High School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to gauge the impact of integrating pupils with disabilities in ordinary schools on the social representations of disability and otherness held by their classmates. In particular, we studied the effects of the disability's visibility--a visible disability (i.e., cerebral palsy) versus a non-visible disability (i.e.,…

Harma, Kahina; Gombert, Anne; Roussey, Jean-Yves

2013-01-01

437

Browsing on Mobile Phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The popularity of mobile browsing varies between countries. In South Korea and Japan, the mobile browser is widely used for mobile specific services. In Europe, the popularity of WAP services is increasing all the time, but they still are not in everyman's use. In the U. S., mobile phones are not used for browsing, but people access the full Web

Virpi Roto

2005-01-01

438

Stennis Space Center observes Disability Awareness Day  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Members of STARC, a non-profit organization in Slidell, La., that seeks to help people with disabilities lead meaningful, productive lives, pose with their appreciation awards during Disability Awareness Day at Stennis Space Center on Oct. 15. The group members received appreciation awards for their dedicated service to the rocket engine testing facility. Disability Awareness Day was hosted by the Stennis Diversity Council and included guest speakers from several area agencies.

2009-01-01

439

Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

2012-01-01

440

Siblings of Individuals with Disabilities Who Enter Careers in the Disability Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Siblings of individuals with disabilities are a unique group in disability-related careers. This group of professionals has been minimally explored in research. The researcher utilized qualitative methodology to explore perceptions of siblings with respect to their career and familial experiences in the disability field. Findings indicated that…

Chambers, Cynthia R.

2007-01-01

441

Best Practices for Practitioners in Autism, Intellectual Disability, and Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On January 23-25, 2013, the Council for Exceptional Children Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities (DADD) sponsored its Fourteenth International Conference: Research to Practice in Autism, Intellectual Disability and Developmental Disabilities. The conference was held at the Sheraton Kona Resort at Keauhou Bay, Hawaii. The DADD Board…

Zucker, Stanley H.; Perras, Cindy; Perner, Darlene E.; Murdick, Nikki

2013-01-01

442

Happiness Disabled: Sensory Disabilities, Happiness and the Rise of Educational Expertise in the Nineteenth Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, the historical entanglement of disability and happiness has not been considered an object worth of historical inquiry. Nor has the intersection of disability and emotions been used as a lens to examine the history of disability. Our paper aims at filling this academic void by analysing a wide range of philosophical, anthropological,…

Verstraete, Pieter; Söderfeldt, Yva

2014-01-01

443

The Effect of Disability Insurance on Health Investment: Evidence from the VA Disability Compensation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

I examine whether individuals respond to monetary incentives to detect latent medical conditions. The effect is identified by an amendment to Title 38 that deemed diabetes associated with Agent Orange exposure a compensable disability under the VA's Disability Compensation program. Since a diagnosis is a requisite for benefit eligibility, and nearly one-third of diabetics remain undiagnosed, the advent of disability

Perry Singleton

2008-01-01

444

Preschool Children's Conceptions of Disabilities: The Salience of Disability in Children's Ideas about Others.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 46 nondisabled children (ages 3 to 6) in inclusive programs found that most children were aware of physical disability, half the children were aware of sensory disabilities, but no children expressed an awareness of Down syndrome. Children were most sensitive to effects of a physical disability on a child's motor performance. (DB)

Diamond, Karen E.

1996-01-01

445

Enacting Disability: How Can Science and Technology Studies Inform Disability Studies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to discuss how science and technology studies (STS) can inform disability studies and challenge dominant approaches, such as the medical and the social models, in the ordering and representation of disability. Disability studies and STS have followed somewhat parallel paths in the history of ideas. From a positivist approach to…

Galis, Vasilis

2011-01-01

446

Human Rehabilitation Techniques. Disability Analyses: Behavioral Disabilities. Volume II, Part B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume II, Section B of a six-volume final report (which covers the findings of a research project on policy and technology related to rehabilitation of disabled individuals) presents a review of literature on three types of behavior disabilities--epilepsy, mental retardation, and schizophrenia. Individual chapters on each disability cover the…

Sigelman, C.; And Others

447

MYTHS AND FACTS REGARDING HIRING PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Providing accommodations for people with disabilities is expensive.  

E-print Network

MYTHS AND FACTS REGARDING HIRING PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES MYTH: Providing accommodations for people with disabilities is expensive. FACT: According to the Job Accommodation Network (JAN), a service of the U unqualified individuals with disabilities. FACT: Unqualified candidates are not protected under the ADA

Tsien, Roger Y.

448

Using Disability Studies Theory to Change Disability Services: A Case Study in Student Activism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, a group of student activists at Syracuse University started an organization called the Beyond Compliance Coordinating Committee (BCCC). The BCCC activists used disability studies theory to engage the campus in conversations about disability and inform significant change in the way Syracuse administration think about disability. This paper…

Cory, Rebecca C.; White, Julia M.; Stuckey, Zosha

2010-01-01

449

Recognising the Needs of Every Disabled Child: The Development of Tools for a Disability Census  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Equality Act 2010 further enshrines the duties on organisations set out in the Disability Discrimination Act 2005 to safeguard the rights of vulnerable children. However, disability is a complex phenomenon, which makes the collection of data, and the subsequent identification of children who might be classed as disabled, problematic. This…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

450

Summer activities: incidents and accidents.  

PubMed

Summer invites activities and sports that are unique to this time of year. Although safety is a priority, there are commonly accidents and incidents that occur while individuals are participating in these activities. The prevalence and incidence of several types of injuries and trauma related to water activities, camping, caving, backpacking, and hiking are discussed. Treatment of nonfatal drowning is discussed, along with the pathophysiologic process that must be corrected for optimal outcomes. Summer is a time for outdoor cooking, campfires, and the traditional Fourth of July firework pastimes, which can result in admissions to critical care areas. PMID:23692945

Krau, Stephen D

2013-06-01

451

Patient Driven Mobile Platform to Enhance Conventional Wheelchair, with Multiagent System Supervisory Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper presents a group of intelligent mobile platforms, which can transport conventional wheelchair over them. Theses\\u000a platform are supervisory controlled by a multiagent system, that support senior citizens or persons with disabilities situated\\u000a in a given context (such as a Hospital) This system makes a main contribution enhancing the autonomy and mobility of the target\\u000a population in the selected

Antonio B. Martínez; Josep Escoda; T. Benedico; Ulises Cortés; Roberta Annicchiarico; Cristian Barrué; Carlo Caltagirone

2005-01-01

452

5 CFR 831.1207 - Withdrawal of disability retirement applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Withdrawal of disability retirement applications. 831.1207 Section 831.1207... CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT Disability Retirement § 831.1207 Withdrawal of disability...

2010-01-01

453

Mathematics Education for Students with Learning Disabilities: Theory to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities, including characteristics and assessment of mathematics learning disabilities, mathematics programming and interventions, and teacher preparation. Chapters include: (1) "Mathematics Education and Students with Learning Disabilities: Instruction" (Diane Pedrotty…

Rivera, Diane Pedrotty, Ed.

454

Mobile Search - Social Network Search Using Mobile Devices Demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile search prototype demonstrates the possibilities of social network search in N800 mobile devices. Search is initiated from a N800 mobile device to search the contacts in mobile device's addressbook. The contacts can be other N800 mobile devices running mobile Web server or normal Web servers in the Internet with Drupal content management system. Mobile device users can select which

P. Tiago; N. Kotilainen; M. Vapa

2008-01-01

455

How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity  

E-print Network

How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity Anh-Dung Nguyen, Patrick S--In this paper, we address a important and still unanswered question in mobile cloud computing "how mobility the resilience of mobile cloud computing services. Keywords--Mobile cloud computing, mobility, quality of service

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

456

Sickness absence due to musculoskeletal diagnoses and risk of diagnosis-specific disability pension: a nationwide Swedish prospective cohort study.  

PubMed

Musculoskeletal disorders constitute major public health problems. Few studies have, however, examined risk of disability pension among persons sickness absent due to musculoskeletal diagnoses. Thus, we constructed a prospective nationwide population-based cohort study based on Swedish registers, consisting of all 4,687,756 individuals living in Sweden December 31, 2004/2005, aged 20-64 years, who were not on disability or old-age pension. Those individuals who were sickness absent in 2005 due to musculoskeletal diagnoses were compared to those sickness absent due to non-musculoskeletal diagnoses and those with no sickness absence. Musculoskeletal diagnoses were categorized as follows: 1) artropathies/systemic connective tissue disorders, 2) dorsopathies, and 3) soft tissue disorders/osteopathies/chondropathies/other musculoskeletal disorders. All-cause and diagnosis-specific incident disability pension were followed from 2006 to 2009. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression. In models adjusted for socio-demographic factors and morbidity, sickness absence due to all categories of musculoskeletal diagnoses was associated with 12- to 18-fold increased risks of all-cause disability pension (adjusted model, category 2 diagnoses, IRR = 18.57, 95% CI = 18.18-18.97). Similar associations were observed among both women and men sickness absent due to all 3 musculoskeletal diagnostic categories. Moreover, increased risks of disability pension because of cancer, mental, circulatory and musculoskeletal diagnoses were observed among individuals sickness absent because of any musculoskeletal diagnostic category (disability pension due to musculoskeletal diagnoses, adjusted model, category 2 diagnoses, IRR = 50.66, 95% CI = 49.06-52.32). In conclusion, this nationwide cohort study reveals strongly increased risks of all-cause and diagnosis-specific disability pension among those sickness absent due to musculoskeletal diagnoses. PMID:23688829

Jansson, Catarina; Alexanderson, Kristina

2013-06-01

457

Having a Career in Disability Studies without Even Becoming Disabled! The Strains of the Disabled Teaching Body  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does it matter who teaches disability studies, whether that teacher has a disability or not? Maybe this might strike the reader as a peculiar question--to focus on the teacher's body or knowledge standpoint. There are certain theoretical and ontological implications in asking such questions. This article is an attempt to theorise about the way the…

Campbell, Fiona Kumari

2009-01-01

458

Clinically diagnosed infections predict disability in activities of daily living among the oldest-old in the general population: the Leiden 85-plus Study  

PubMed Central

Background: ageing is frequently accompanied by a higher incidence of infections and an increase in disability in activities of daily living (ADL). Objective: this study examines whether clinical infections [urinary tract infections (UTI) and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI)] predict an increase in ADL disability, stratified for the presence of ADL disability at baseline (age 86 years). Design: the Leiden 85-plus Study. A population-based prospective follow-up study. Setting: general population. Participants: a total of 154 men and 319 women aged 86 years. Methods: information on clinical infections was obtained from the medical records. ADL disability was determined at baseline and annually thereafter during 4 years of follow-up, using the 9 ADL items of the Groningen Activity Restriction Scale. Results: in 86-year-old participants with ADL disability, there were no differences in ADL increase between participants with and without an infection (?0.32 points extra per year; P = 0.230). However, participants without ADL disability at age 86 years (n = 194; 41%) had an accelerated increase in ADL disability of 1.07 point extra per year (P < 0.001). For UTIs, this was 1.25 points per year (P < 0.001) and for LRTIs 0.70 points per year (P = 0.041). In this group, an infection between age 85 and 86 years was associated with a higher risk to develop ADL disability from age 86 onwards [HR: 1.63 (95% CI: 1.04–2.55)]. Conclusions: among the oldest-old in the general population, clinically diagnosed infections are predictive for the development of ADL disability in persons without ADL disability. No such association was found for persons with ADL disability. PMID:23482352

Caljouw, Monique A. A.; Kruijdenberg, Saskia J. M.; de Craen, Anton J. M.; Cools, Herman J. M.; den Elzen, Wendy P. J.; Gussekloo, Jacobijn

2013-01-01

459

Impairment and disability: Renoir's adaptive coping strategies against rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was one of the most influential painters in art history, but few people know that he suffered from debilitating rheumatoid arthritis. Despite his arthritis, he was able to maintain an incredible level of precision and efficiency with his painting. More importantly, he remained positive and did not let his condition affect his passion for painting or take away from the beauty that he saw in the world around him. Renoir applied a wide variety of coping mechanisms and used his ingenuity to come up with different ways to continue painting even as his arthritis weakened him. Renoir's long battle with rheumatoid arthritis serves as an inspiration to patients who experience the pain and limited mobility associated with this disease, encouraging them to persevere and to develop coping mechanisms that prevent the effects of their impairment from disabling them. PMID:24294153

Kowalski, Evan; Chung, Kevin C

2012-12-01

460

Modeling Wildfire Incident Complexity Dynamics  

PubMed Central

Wildfire management in the United States and elsewhere is challenged by substantial uncertainty regarding the location and timing of fire events, the socioeconomic and ecological consequences of these events, and the costs of suppression. Escalating U.S. Forest Service suppression expenditures is of particular concern at a time of fiscal austerity as swelling fire management budgets lead to decreases for non-fire programs, and as the likelihood of disruptive within-season borrowing potentially increases. Thus there is a strong interest in better understanding factors influencing suppression decisions and in turn their influence on suppression costs. As a step in that direction, this paper presents a probabilistic analysis of geographic and temporal variation in incident management team response to wildfires. The specific focus is incident complexity dynamics through time for fires managed by the U.S. Forest Service. The modeling framework is based on the recognition that large wildfire management entails recurrent decisions across time in response to changing conditions, which can be represented as a stochastic dynamic system. Daily incident complexity dynamics are modeled according to a first-order Markov chain, with containment represented as an absorbing state. A statistically significant difference in complexity dynamics between Forest Service Regions is demonstrated. Incident complexity probability transition matrices and expected times until containment are presented at national and regional levels. Results of this analysis can help improve understanding of geographic variation in incident management and associated cost structures, and can be incorporated into future analyses examining the economic efficiency of wildfire management. PMID:23691014

Thompson, Matthew P.

2013-01-01

461

Social Participation and the Prevention of Functional Disability in Older Japanese: The JAGES Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background We examined the relationship between incident functional disability and social participation from the perspective of number of types of organizations participated in and type of social participation in a prospective cohort study. Method The study was based on the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES) Cohort Study data. We followed 13,310 individuals aged 65 years or older for 4 years. Analysis was carried out on 12,951 subjects, excluding 359 people whose information on age or sex was missing. Social participation was categorized into 8 types. Results Compared to those that did not participate in any organizations, the hazard ratio (HR) was 0.83 (95% CI: 0.73–0.95) for participation in one, 0.72 (0.61–0.85) for participation in two, and 0.57 (0.46–0.70) for participation in three or more different types of organizations. In multivariable adjusted models, participation in the following types of organization was protective for incident disability: local community organizations (HR?=?0.85, 95% CI: 0.76–0.96), hobby organizations (HR?=?0.75, 95% CI: 0.64–0.87), and sports organizations (HR?=?0.64, 95% CI: 0.54–0.81). Conclusion Social participation may decrease the risk of incident functional disability in older people in Japan. This effect may be strengthened by participation in a variety of different types of organizations. Participating in a local community, hobby, or sports group or organization may be especially effective for decreasing the risk of disability. PMID:24923270

Kanamori, Satoru; Kai, Yuko; Aida, Jun; Kondo, Katsunori; Kawachi, Ichiro; Hirai, Hiroshi; Shirai, Kokoro; Ishikawa, Yoshiki; Suzuki, Kayo

2014-01-01

462

Injury and disability in matched men's and women's intercollegiate sports.  

PubMed Central

Eight matched men's and women's intercollegiate varsity teams were studied prospectively for one academic year to determine the incidence of athletic injury and resulting disability. Sports in which both men and women participated in a comparable manner were chosen: basketball, fencing, gymnastics, swimming, tennis, indoor track, outdoor track, and volleyball. Men (232) and women (150) were injured at comparable rates, 42 percent versus 39 percent. When adjusted for exposure time, seven of the eight sports continued to show similar injury rates. Women gymnasts, however, experienced .82 injuries per 100 person-hours of exposure as compared to .21 injuries for the men (p = .0001). Disability was greater in women gymnasts, 7.44 days per 100 person-hours versus 1.15 days for men (p = .0004). Percent of season lost to injury was also greater for women gymnasts. Types and sites of injury were similar for men and women, with sprains and strains accounting for over half of all injuries. We found no evidence for gender differences in matched sports except for gymnastics, in which technically diverse events may have accounted for the differences observed. PMID:2240330

Lanese, R R; Strauss, R H; Leizman, D J; Rotondi, A M

1990-01-01

463

The Educational Attainment Process Among Adolescents with Disabilities And Children of Parents with Disabilities  

PubMed Central

This article uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) to examine the relationship between disability, parental and youth university expectations in 1997, and youth high school completion and university enrolment by 2003. Results indicate that educational attainment is not equal for young adults with and without disabilities in the United States. Parents—but not adolescents—are likely to reduce their educational expectations when adolescents have a mild or serious disability, net of school performance. These parental—but not adolescent—expectations are significantly associated with high school completion. Finally, even after controlling for educational expectations and school performance, youth with serious disabilities are much less likely to graduate from high school than youth without disabilities. Despite the considerable strides made in the implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, students with disabilities are not achieving educational parity in graded schooling. PMID:25589823

Shandra, Carrie L.; Hogan, Dennis P.

2014-01-01

464

Evaluating Long-Term Disability Insurance Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes the factors involved in reviewing benefits and services of employer-sponsored group long-term disability plans for higher education institutions. Opening sections describe the evolution of disability insurance and its shape today. Further sections looks at the complex nature of "value" within a plan, relationship between plan…

Powell, Jan

1992-01-01

465

Workplace Discrimination and the Perception of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decisions by the EEOC in favor of claimants perceived to have disabilities disproportionately exceeded those in favor of claimants with documented disabilities. This finding lends support to the assertion that unconscious/implicit bias is persistent in the workplace. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of…

Draper, William R.

2012-01-01

466

Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 19 chapters on life span perspectives and service issues for people with mental retardation and developmental disabilities. The book presents best practices and provides a view of the range of services necessary to work with people who have those disabilities. It is intended to provide a core reference for providers in the…

McLaughlin, Phillip J., Ed.; Wehman, Paul, Ed.

467

Learning Disabilities: The Challenges of Adulthood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 13 essays focuses on the many challenges that adults with learning disabilities face in educational, work, and social settings. The essays are: (1) "Adults with Learning Disabilities: An Emerging Area of Professional Interest and Public Attention" (James R. Patton and Edward A. Polloway); (2) "Adult Development Theories: An…

Patton, James R., Ed.; Polloway, Edward A., Ed.

468

Using Online Videos for Disability Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increase of inclusive education in the United States has heightened the need for disability awareness among individuals without disabilities. Fostering awareness and openness to different ability levels in the classroom is a skill many educators need to develop. The purpose of this article is to describe how adapted physical educators, as well…

Columna, Luis; Arndt, Katrina; Lieberman, Lauren; Yang, Stephen

2009-01-01

469

Towards Hybrid Therapeutic Strategies in Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I present and discuss what I see as a decisive convergence between future (no longer science fiction) genetic therapies in human beings with intellectual disabilities and standard (so to speak) neurobehavioral interventions. This crossing will lead to a radical modification in the life prospect of people with intellectual disability from genetic…

Rondal, Jean-A.; Lang, Sc.

2009-01-01

470

Teaching Algebra to Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Algebra is a gateway to expanded opportunities, but it often poses difficulty for students with learning disabilities. Consequently, it is essential to identify evidence-based instructional strategies for these students. The authors begin by identifying three areas of algebra difficulty experienced by students with disabilities: cognitive…

Impecoven-Lind, Linda S.; Foegen, Anne

2010-01-01

471

Would Rethinking Learning Disabilities Benefit Kuwait?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities education in Kuwait grew from Kuwaiti's wholesale importation of the Western, medical model of disability--a model basically incompatible with Kuwaiti culture. Conflicting factors include its problematic normal/abnormal binary, its assumption that the "deficit" is located in the student and the segregation of students by…

Bazna, Maysaa; Reid, D. Kim

2009-01-01

472

Breaking through Barriers. Workers Who Are Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 12 profiles show the successes of workers with various handicaps who can serve as role models for people with disabilities and personalize knowledge for the non-disabled. Each profile begins with a brief remark by the individual on barriers and continues with his or her perspective on the work world and a discussion of his or her experiences…

Christian, Mary

473

Update on the Americans with Disabilities Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, Congress enacted the Americans with Disabilities Act as a comprehensive mandate to eliminate discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The ADA's primary intent was to extend the protection of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The major difference between the two laws is that Section 504 applies to programs that…

Russo, Charles J.; Osborne, Allan G.

2009-01-01

474

Federal Employment of People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to examine the status of employment of people with disabilities in the Federal Government and to make recommendations for improving federal hiring and advancement of employees with disabilities. The paper summarizes the legal authorities and policy guidance, the responsibilities of various federal agencies charged with…

Domzal, Christine

2009-01-01

475

Disability and Juvenile Delinquency: Issues and Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The US juvenile justice system has gone through many changes since its inception in the late 1890s. Even with these changes and more than 100 years of empirical research, there is a paucity of literature published on juvenile delinquents with disabilities. The present article focuses on juvenile delinquents with disabilities, addressing…

Morris, Kimberly A.; Morris, Richard J.

2006-01-01

476

The Rural Developmentally Disabled, An Underserved Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining problems that confront developmentally disabled persons in rural areas, this article includes the current definition of developmental disabilities, discusses preventive measures, points out some considerations to be made in the establishment of appropriate professional diagnostic and treatment services, and examines public and private…

Brantley, Dale; West, Sibyl

1980-01-01

477

Developing Language in Young Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines a developmental approach to language acquisition in young disabled children. Issues of form, content, and function are explored, with function of communication seen as central for disabled children. The role of teachers and parents in requiring more sophisiticated language is considered. Questions of competence on either the…

Power, Des; Elias, Gordon

478

Executive Functions in Individuals with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to investigate executive functions in adults with intellectual disability, and compare them to a closely matched control group longitudinally for 5 years. In the Betula database, a group of adults with intellectual disability (ID, n = 46) was defined from measures of verbal and non-verbal IQ. A control group, with…

Danielsson, Henrik; Henry, Lucy; Ronnberg, Jerker; Nilsson, Lars-Goran

2010-01-01

479

Philadelphia's Independence Starts Here: Disability Arts Festival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In tribute to Philadelphia's world-changing past, Festival partners dubbed the month-long Disability Arts Festival "Independence Starts Here." Through it, they hoped to begin to change the future for over 675,000 people with disabilities in the area and their families. Led by Amaryllis Theatre Company, which now also serves as VSA arts of…

Smith, Mimi Kenney

2008-01-01

480

(P0607-1797) Disability Office  

E-print Network

(P0607-1797) Disability Office University Policy on Specific Learning Difficulties (Dyslexia) #12. What is Dyslexia? 3 4. Recording Lectures 4 5. Assessment and Examination Provision 4 5.1. Marking from students with disabilities. Dyslexia, a Specific Learning Difficulty (SpLD), is a registered

Harman, Neal.A.

481

(P0607-1796) Disability Office  

E-print Network

(P0607-1796) Disability Office Dyslexia and Specific Learning Difficulties A Document on Good Practice, including Marking Guidelines Dr. Margaret Meehan, Dyslexia Tutor May 2007 Disability Office. What is Dyslexia? 4 4. How is a Student Officially Assessed as Dyslexic? 6 5. Problems Encountered

Harman, Neal.A.

482

Boosting Inclusion for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators in public schools are undoubtedly familiar with their duties under federal law to serve students with disabilities in the educational program. Far fewer, however, are aware of their legal obligations to these same students in after-school athletics and extracurricular activities. Are students with disabilities entitled to…

Fetter-Harrott, Allison; Steketee, Amy M.; Dare, Mary

2008-01-01

483

Disabled Children: The Right to Feel Safe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the fundamental right of disabled children to feel safe and be free from bullying, harassment and abuse. The article proposes that, 20 years since the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, disabled children are still facing barriers to securing this right. The article focuses on recent Mencap research that…

Mepham, Sarah

2010-01-01

484

Learning Disabilities: From Identification to Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence based and comprehensive, this important work offers a new approach to understanding and intervening with students with learning disabilities. The authors--leading experts in neuropsychology and special education--present a unique model of learning disabilities that integrates the cognitive, neural, genetic, and contextual factors…

Fletcher, Jack M.; Lyon, G. Reid; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Barnes, Marcia A.

2006-01-01

485

Moral Philosophy, Disability, and Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disability and dependence are integral to the human experience and yet have been largely marginalized or denigrated within Western philosophy. Joining a growing counter narrative from the disability studies movement, several mainstream moral philosophers are helping to redress this error. In this essay, the author discusses ideas from four such…

Fitch, E. Frank

2009-01-01

486

Attracting and Retaining Learning Disability Student Nurses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recruitment onto pre-registration learning disability nursing courses has decreased considerably over the last decade. This paper reports the findings of the first stage of a longitudinal study that investigated the factors that influence students to train as learning disability nurses, and those that influence their decision to continue or leave…

Owen, Sara; Standen, Penny

2007-01-01

487

Assistive Devices for Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a variety of devices that can assist students with disabilities. Highlights recently developed devices for students with specific learning disabilities, and with vision, hearing, health, physical, and speech and language impairments. The devices can help rehabilitate, reeducate, facilitate normalcy, or augment current functioning. (GLR)

Wisniewski, Lech; Sedlak, Robert

1992-01-01

488

Substance Abuse among Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with disabilities are a growing population that confronts multiple disadvantages from social and environmental determinants of health. In particular, the 7-8 million people in the U.S. with an intellectual disability (ID) suffer disproportionately from substance use problems, largely because of a lack of empirical evidence to inform…

Chapman, Shawna L. Carroll; Wu, Li-Tzy

2012-01-01

489

Fostering Physical Activity among Canadians with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares some current thoughts, actions, and plans to foster physical activity among Canadians with disabilities. Topics include mainstreaming physically disabled students, impact of the Jasper Talks Symposium, a national action plan (Blueprint for Action), and recent initiatives that reflect Canadian commitment to adapted physical…

Wall, A. E.

1990-01-01

490

The Dismissal of Students with Mental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet offers college and university administrators and attorneys a road map of the legal issues surrounding the dismissal of students with mental disabilities (including psychiatric disorders and learning disabilities) as well as practical guidance on how best to uphold the school's disciplinary and academic standards while keeping within…

Munsch, Martha Hartle; Schupansky, Susan P.

491

Hair Element Content in Learning Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hair samples from 31 learning disabled and 22 normal children were analyzed. Significant group differences were determined and a discriminant function was computed which separated the groups with 98 percent accuracy. Elevated lead and cadmium content in the learning disabled group is viewed as being of particular importance. (Author/SL)

Pihl, R. O.; Parkes, M.

1977-01-01

492

Designing Microcomputer Programs for Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies factors to consider when evaluating educational software and describes additional criteria for evaluating software for physically disabled students. Software design which complements school curriculum and is accessible to nondisabled and moderately disabled students is presented as a solution. Sammy Series programs developed to meet…

Wood, Denise L.

1986-01-01

493

Campers with Disabilities: Encouraging Positive Interaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Negative attitudes toward disabled people are fostered by society's body-beautiful ethic, success orientation, nondisabled guilt, the concept of "spread," and media stereotypes. Strategies for improving camper and staff attitudes toward disabled people include precamp training, social skills training, role playing, a positive camp philosophy, and…

Bedini, Leandra A.

1995-01-01

494

Epilepsy and Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The co-occurrence of epilepsy in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and other developmental disabilities (DD) has received attention because it has a significant negative impact on health, well-being, and quality of life. The current research investigating the frequency and form of epilepsy in children with ID and DD is reviewed, with…

Oguni, Hirokazu

2013-01-01

495

Supporting Extracurricular Involvement for Youth with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trying out for the school play. Performing in the band. Joining a sports team or club. These experiences are memorable parts of middle and high school life. For many students with disabilities, however, these everyday school experiences remain elusive. Although the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) clearly states that IEP teams…

Carter, Erik W.; Swedeen, Beth; Moss, Colleen K.

2009-01-01

496

Social Inclusion of Adults with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature issue presents articles on the social inclusion of people with developmental disabilities into the community and also some related news items. This issue provides profiles of organizations, workplaces, and schools that are successfully integrating people with developmental disabilities into community activities. The articles are: "'I…

Gaylord, Vicki, Ed.

1997-01-01

497

Fostering a Disability-Friendly Institutional Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increase of students with disabilities on college campuses requires institutions to reenvision how to serve this population. The partnership and collaboration of institutional departments will offer students with disabilities increased opportunities for academic and social integration. This increased integration has ripple effects that will…

Huger, Marianne S.

2011-01-01

498

Family Caregivers of Women with Physical Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-sectional, correlational analyses of data from two separate studies were conducted to examine the correlates of adjustment among family caregivers of women with disabilities. Participants included 40 caregivers of women with spinal cord injuries in the first study and 53 caregivers of women with cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, and other neuromuscular disabilities in the second study. It was hypothesized

Patricia A. Rivera; Timothy R. Elliott; Jack W. Berry; Richard M. Shewchuk; Kimberly D. Oswald; Joan Grant

2006-01-01

499

Child Disability: A Study of Three Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study used questionnaires, interviews, and observations to assess what having children with disabilities means to three families. The disabilities include severe mental retardation and seizure disorder, Down syndrome, and neurofibromatosis. Interview data were categorized into the following five areas: the children,…

Bloom, Barbara

500

Disability and People from Minority Backgrounds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This U.S. Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) quarterly issue contains six papers describing development of services for minority individuals with disabilities. "Goals for Improving Services to Minority Individuals with Disabilities" (Robert R. Davila) discusses the need to increase high-school graduation rates,…

OSERS New in Print, 1991

1991-01-01