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1

Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 – 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards. METHODS:

Cheryl R Clark; Ichiro Kawachi; Louise Ryan; Karen Ertel; Martha E Fay; Lisa F Berkman

2009-01-01

2

Cancer incidence among people with intellectual disability.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to address the unresolved question of the risk of neoplasms among people with intellectual disability (ID). A total of 2173 individuals with ID from a large, representative, nation-wide population study conducted in Finland in 1962 were followed-up for cancer incidence between 1967 and 1997. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were defined as ratios of observed to expected numbers of cancer cases. Expected rates were based on national incidence rates. The observed number of cancers in the cohort (173) was close to what was expected [SIR = 0.9, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 0.8-1.0]. There was a significantly reduced risk of cancers of the prostate (SIR = 0.2, 95% CI = 0.0-0.5), urinary tract (SIR = 0.3, 95% CI = 0.1-0.7) and lung (SIR = 0.6, 95% CI = 0.4-1.0). The risk was increased in cancers of the gallbladder (SIR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.1-5.8) and thyroid gland (SIR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.0-4.8). The risks of lung and gallbladder cancer were lowest and highest, respectively, in those subjects with profound and severe ID, a group who also had significantly elevated SIRs for brain cancer (SIR = 3.46, 95% CI = 1.5-14.4) and testicular cancer (SIR = 9.9, 95% CI = 1.2-35.6). The incidence of cancer among people with ID was comparable with the general population, despite their low prevalence of smoking and apparently decreased diagnostic screening activity. Nevertheless, a few types of cancer carry a higher risk in the population with ID, possibly because of conditions typical among this group, such as gallstones or oesophageal reflux. PMID:11489051

Patja, K; Eero, P; Iivanainen, M

2001-08-01

3

Comparison of Assessment Results of Children with Low Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a research study that assessed young children with a low incidence disability, specifically Cri-du-Chat Syndrome (CDSC). A description of the concerns of assessing individuals with low incidence disabilities is described. Parent reports (using the Development Observation Checklist System) on the functioning of their children…

Campbell, Dennis J.; Reilly, AmySue; Henley, Joan

2008-01-01

4

Job Mobility among Workers with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 1990 Survey of Income and Program Participation, this paper examines both the mobility patterns of workers with disabilities and the wage effects of job changes by observing workers' within-firm and across-firm job changes over a 20-month period. There is no difference in the probability of internal (within-firm) job changes between workers with and without disabilities. Workers

Marjorie L. Baldwin; Edward J. Schumacher

2002-01-01

5

Incidence of Dementia in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dementia may be more common in older adults with intellectual disability (ID) than in the general population. The increased risk for Alzheimer's disease in people with Down syndrome (DS) is well established, but much less is known about dementia in adults with ID who do not have DS. We estimated incidence rates from a longitudinal study of…

Strydom, Andre; Chan, Trevor; King, Michael; Hassiotis, Angela; Livingston, Gill

2013-01-01

6

The incidence of cancer in people with intellectual disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: During the last 50 years there have been significant improvements in life expectancy among people with intellectual disability (ID), and so their incidence of age-associated diseases, such as cancer, is rising. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of cancer in people with ID with that found in the general population.

Sheena G. Sullivan; Rafat Hussain; Timothy Threlfall; Alan H. Bittles

2004-01-01

7

MOBILITY, DISABILITY, AND SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT IN OLDER ADULTS  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine cross-sectional associations between mobility with or without disability and social engagement in a community-based sample of older adults Methods Social engagement of participants (n=676) was outside the home (participation in organizations and use of senior centers) and in home (talking by phone and use of internet). Logistic or proportional odds models evaluated the association between social engagement and position in the disablement process (no mobility limitations, mobility limitations/no disability, and mobility limitations/disability). Results Low mobility was associated with lower level of social engagement of all forms (OR=0.59, CI: 0.41–0.85 for organizations; OR=0.67, CI: 0.42–1.06 for senior center; OR=0.47, CI: 0.32–0.70 for phone; OR=0.38, CI: 0.23–0.65 for internet). For social engagement outside the home, odds of engagement were further reduced for individuals with disability. Discussion Low mobility is associated with low social engagement even in the absence of disability; associations with disability differed by type of social engagement. PMID:23548944

Rosso, Andrea L.; Taylor, Jennifer A.; Tabb, Loni Philip; Michael, Yvonne L.

2013-01-01

8

Designing a Mobile Survey Application for People with Cognitive Disabilities  

E-print Network

to individualize the questionnaire to meet the strengths of the employee and assess the unique attributes by a personal assistant, employer, job coach, or person with a cognitive disability. An expert review provided to develop a mobile questionnaire application for people with moderate to severe cognitive disabilities

McCrickard, Scott

9

Brief Report: A Growth Mixture Model of Occupational Aspirations of Individuals with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A previous longitudinal study of the occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities revealed multiple longitudinal patterns for individuals with learning disabilities or emotional-behavioral disorders. Growth mixture modeling was used to determine whether individuals in these two high-incidence disabilities groups (N =…

Lee, In Heok; Rojewski, Jay W.

2013-01-01

10

The role of mobile computed tomography in mass fatality incidents.  

PubMed

Mobile multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) scanners are potentially available to temporary mortuaries and can be operational within 20 min of arrival. We describe, to our knowledge, the first use of mobile MDCT for a mass fatality incident. A mobile MDCT scanner attended the disaster mortuary after a five vehicle road traffic incident. Five out of six bodies were successfully imaged by MDCT in c. 15 min per body. Subsequent full radiological analysis took c. 1 h per case. The results were compared to the autopsy examinations. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of imaging with mobile MDCT in relation to mass fatality work, illustrating the body pathway process, and its role in the identification of the pathology, personal effects, and health and safety hazards. We propose that the adoption of a single modality of mobile MDCT could replace the current use of multiple radiological sources within a mass fatality mortuary. PMID:17868270

Rutty, Guy N; Robinson, Claire E; BouHaidar, Ralph; Jeffery, Amanda J; Morgan, Bruno

2007-11-01

11

AUTHOR INFORMATION PAGE Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older  

E-print Network

1 AUTHOR INFORMATION PAGE Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older community;3 TITLE PAGE Full Title: Disability predicts fatal but not non-fatal coronary heart disease in community-dwelling elderly. The Three-City Study. Cover title: Disability and coronary heart disease in the elderly. Table 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

Mansha Mirza

2011-01-01

13

J Am Geriatr Soc . Author manuscript Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older community-dwelling  

E-print Network

J Am Geriatr Soc . Author manuscript Page /1 11 Disability and incident coronary heart disease associated with prevalent coronary heart disease (CHD) and with shorter longevity. However, whether ; disability ; coronary heart disease ; atherosclerosis. #12;Disability and coronary heart disease

14

A mobility skills training program for adults with developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

Twenty-nine adults with developmental disabilities were trained by an occupational therapist to use city buses for leisure outings to local shopping malls. Program evaluation was based on the number of times each program participant used his or her mobility skills to make an independent leisure outing. These data were collected for 1 year after each person left the program and were analyzed with the use of multiple regression procedures. The results revealed that the participants maintained their mobility skills for 1 year. Older women who shared common leisure interests as well as persons who were afforded more intensive individualized training were especially likely to use the city bus for leisure outings after the treatment program ended. This study demonstrates the long-term effectiveness of occupational therapy when specific treatment goals are matched with individualized training sequences for persons with developmental disabilities. PMID:1532690

McInerney, C A; McInerney, M

1992-03-01

15

The Prevalence and Incidence of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence, and incidence, of mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities and autism were compared with\\u000a the whole population with intellectual disabilities, and with controls, matched individually for age, gender, ability-level,\\u000a and Down syndrome. Although the adults with autism had a higher point prevalence of problem behaviours compared with the whole\\u000a adult population with intellectual disabilities, compared with individually

Craig A. Melville; Sally-Ann Cooper; Jill Morrison; Elita Smiley; Linda Allan; Alison Jackson; Janet Finlayson; Dipali Mantry

2008-01-01

16

Prospective Analyses of Childhood Factors and Antisocial Behavior for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This prospective longitudinal study investigated the association between childhood factors (individual, family, and school characteristics) and later antisocial behavior (official juvenile delinquency and adult crime) for students identified with high-incidence disabilities (i.e., learning disabilities, emotional disturbance). The sample consisted…

Chen, Chin-Chih; Symons, Frank J.; Reynolds, Arthur J.

2011-01-01

17

Relationship between Mobility Limitations and the Places where Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities Live  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the population ages, mobility limitations are associated with increased mortality and negative health-related states both in the general population and among people with intellectual disabilities. The influence of mobility limitations upon the lives and lifestyles of people with intellectual disabilities remains poorly understood. Specifically,…

Cleaver, Shaun; Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Hunter, Duncan

2008-01-01

18

Prevalence and Incidence of Myocardial Infarction and Cerebrovascular Accident in Ageing Persons with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Epidemiological information on age-related cardiovascular disease in people with intellectual disability (ID) is scarce and inconclusive. We compared prevalence and incidence of cerebrovascular accident and myocardial infarction over age 50 in a residential population with ID to that in a general practice population. Method: Lifetime…

Jansen, J.; Rozeboom, W.; Penning, C.; Evenhuis, H. M.

2013-01-01

19

Prevalence of Weight Problems among Youth with High-Incidence Disabilities in Residential Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence of weight problems among youth in general and youth in out-of-home care has been well documented; however, the prevalence of obesity/overweight among youth with high-incidence disabilities in more restrictive settings, such as residential care, has not been assessed. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of…

Trout, Alexandra L.; Lambert, Matthew C.; Nelson, Timothy D.; Thompson, Ronald W.

2014-01-01

20

Clinical Psychopathology, Untoward Incidents and the Use of Restrictive Procedures in Adults with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Previous evidence has suggested that clinical characteristics may predict use of restraint in adults with intellectual disability. However, the relationship between specific types of untoward incidents, corresponding interventions (restrictive procedures) and clinical psychopathology remains unclear. Method: We examined all untoward…

Chaplin, Eddie; Tsakanikos, Elias; Wright, Steve; Bouras, Nick

2009-01-01

21

Perceptions of Trainers and Practitioners regarding Assessment and Intervention for Students with Low Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two national surveys of the perceptions of trainers and practitioners regarding assessment and intervention for students with low incidence disabilities (LID) were conducted. The first survey, sent to the directors of 250 school psychology training programs, was designed to determine the extent and type of training in assessment and intervention…

Cole, Christine L.; Shapiro, Edward S.

2005-01-01

22

Incidence and Trends in Psychopathology Symptoms over Time in Adults with Severe to Profound Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have a high risk for developing comorbid psychopathology. While researchers have shown that symptoms of psychopathology remain relatively stable in children with ID over time, little research has been conducted to demonstrate symptom stability for adults with ID. Incidence of psychopathology symptoms…

Horovitz, Max; Matson, Johnny L.; Sipes, Megan; Shoemaker, Mary; Belva, Brian; Bamburg, Jay W.

2011-01-01

23

Children Born to Women with Intellectual Disabilities--5-Year Incidence in a Swedish County  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Families with parental intellectual disabilities (ID) are likely to need support in achieving a decent family life. In order to accurately plan for such support services, society needs data regarding the occurrence of those parents and their children. The aim of this study was to investigate the 5-year incidence of children born to…

Weiber, I.; Berglund, J.; Tengland, P.-A.; Eklund, M.

2011-01-01

24

The Academic Engaged Time of Students with Low Incidence Disabilities in General Education Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the academic engaged time of six students with low incidence disabilities who were enrolled in general elementary classrooms. These students participated in regular classes for reading or math, and at least one other subject area. The academic engaged time of these students was compared to that of six students without…

McDonnell, John; And Others

25

Incidence of road traffic disabilities trending upwards in transitional China: a retrospective analysis from 1980 to 2005  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the change in incidence rates of road traffic disabilities from 1980 to 2005 in China. Methods We employed the 2006 China National Sample Survey on Disability to derive weighted number of persons with disabilities resulting from road crashes and weighted age-gender-specific population at risk by disability occurrence year. The annual incidence rate of road traffic disabilities and corresponding 95% CI were estimated. We used the World Population Prospects (WPP) and the death rate of people with disabilities (PWD) to estimate potential earlier loss of lives before 2006. Both WPP-adjusted and PWD-adjusted incidence rates of road traffic disabilities were further adjusted using the life table analysis. Results The WPP-adjusted incidence rate for road traffic disabilities increased over time from 1.50 (95% CI 1.47 to 1.52) in 1980 to 11.19 (95% CI 11.13 to 11.25) per 100?000 persons in 2005. The PWD-adjusted incidence rate also increased from 1.71 (95% CI 1.68 to 1.73) to 11.51 (95% CI 11.45 to 11.57) per 100?000 persons. Conclusions Road crashes disable thousands of Chinese and remain a significant population health and development problem. The increasing burden of road traffic disabilities calls for more efforts and specific strategies to improve road safety in China. PMID:24833679

Liu, Lan; Du, Wei; Pang, Lihua; Chen, Gong; Zheng, Xiaoying

2014-01-01

26

The Incidence of Healthcare Use, Ill-Health, and Mortality in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities and Mealtime Support Needs  

E-print Network

-2013-0175-OM.R2 Manuscript Type: Original Manuscripts Keywords: Intellectual Disability, deglutition disorder, morbidity, mortality, incidence, mealtime support Journal of Intellectual Disability Research Journal of Intellectual Disability Research... disabilities (ID) experience a wide range of eating, drinking and/or swallowing (EDS) problems, for which they receive diverse mealtime support interventions. Previous research has estimated that dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) affects 8% of all adults...

Perez, C. M.; Ball, S. L.; Wagner, A. P.; Clare, I. C. H.; Holland, A. J.; Redley, M.

2014-01-01

27

Incidence of Disability Among Children 12 Months After Traumatic Brain Injury  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the burden of disability resulting from traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among children younger than 18 years. Methods. We derived our data from a cohort study of children residing in King County, Washington, who were treated in an emergency department for a TBI or for an arm injury during 2007–2008. Disabilities 12 months after injury were assessed according to need for specialized educational and community-based services and scores on standardized measures of adaptive functioning and social–community participation. Results. The incidence of children receiving new services at 12 months was about 10-fold higher among those with a mild TBI than among those with a moderate or severe TBI. The population incidence of disability (defined according to scores below the norm means on the outcome measures included) was also consistently much larger (2.8-fold to 28-fold) for mild TBIs than for severe TBIs. Conclusions. The burden of disability caused by TBIs among children is primarily accounted for by mild injuries. Efforts to prevent these injuries as well as to decrease levels of disability following TBIs are warranted. PMID:22994196

Koepsell, Thomas D.; Wang, Jin; Temkin, Nancy; Dorsch, Andrea; Vavilala, Monica S.; Durbin, Dennis; Jaffe, Kenneth M.

2012-01-01

28

Strength and Speed Training for Elders With Mobility Disability  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to pilot test a function-focused exercise intervention consisting of strength and gait-speed training in elders with reduced walking speed, decreased walking endurance, and functional impairment. Twelve participants, 77.2 years old (± 7.34), whose usual gait speed was <0.85 m/s, with walking endurance of <305 m in 5 min, and who were functionally impaired participated in a moderate-intensity exercise intervention. The training occurred 3 times per week, 75 min per session, for 3 months and combined 4 weeks of gait-speed training, walking exercise, and functional strengthening. The participants demonstrated mean usual gait speeds (?1.0 m/s), endurance (?350 m), and functional ability (?10 score on performance battery) that were within normal limits after 12 weeks of training. Fastest gait speed (?1.5 m/s) and muscle strength also improved significantly. Improvements were maintained during follow-up testing after 3–6 months. In summary, a 12-week intervention for frail, mobility-disabled participants led to improvements in walking, function, and strength. PMID:19799099

Protas, Elizabeth J.; Tissier, Sandrine

2010-01-01

29

The Prevalence, Incidence, and Factors Predictive of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Profound Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There are no previous studies of the prevalence and incidence of mental ill-health in adults with profound intellectual disabilities. Method: In this population-based prospective cohort study, adults with profound intellectual disabilities underwent psychiatric assessment (n = 184), with further assessment after 2 years (n = 131).…

Cooper, Sally-Ann; Smiley, Elita; Finlayson, Janet; Jackson, Alison; Allan, Linda; Williamson, Andrew; Mantry, Dipali; Morrison, Jillian

2007-01-01

30

Traumatic Brain Injury in the Netherlands: Incidence, Costs and Disability-Adjusted Life Years  

PubMed Central

Objective Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability, leading to great personal suffering and huge costs to society. Integrated knowledge on epidemiology, economic consequences and disease burden of TBI is scarce but essential for optimizing healthcare policy and preventing TBI. This study aimed to estimate incidence, cost-of-illness and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of TBI in the Netherlands. Methods This study included data on all TBI patients who were treated at an Emergency Department (ED - National Injury Surveillance System), hospitalized (National Medical Registration), or died due to their injuries in the Netherlands between 2010–2012. Direct healthcare costs and indirect costs were determined using the incidence-based Dutch Burden of Injury Model. Disease burden was assessed by calculating years of life lost (YLL) owing to premature death, years lived with disability (YLD) and DALYs. Incidence, costs and disease burden were stratified by age and gender. Results TBI incidence was 213.6 per 100,000 person years. Total costs were €314.6 (USD $433.8) million per year and disease burden resulted in 171,200 DALYs (on average 7.1 DALYs per case). Men had highest mean costs per case (€19,540 versus €14,940), driven by indirect costs. 0–24-year-olds had high incidence and disease burden but low economic costs, whereas 25–64-year-olds had relatively low incidence but high economic costs. Patients aged 65+ had highest incidence, leading to considerable direct healthcare costs. 0–24-year-olds, men aged 25–64 years, traffic injury victims (especially bicyclists) and home and leisure injury victims (especially 0–5-year-old and elderly fallers) are identified as risk groups in TBI. Conclusions The economic and health consequences of TBI are substantial. The integrated approach of assessing incidence, costs and disease burden enables detection of important risk groups in TBI, development of prevention programs that target these risk groups and assessment of the benefits of these programs. PMID:25343447

Scholten, Annemieke C.; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Panneman, Martien J. M.; van Beeck, Ed F.; Polinder, Suzanne

2014-01-01

31

[Cumulative annual incidence of disabling work-related musculoskeletal disorders in an urban area of Brazil].  

PubMed

This study focused on the annual cumulative incidence (ACI) of disabling work-related musculoskeletal disorders affecting the neck and/or upper limbs (ULMSD) among workers covered by the National Social Insurance System in the city of Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Cases were workers who received disability compensation benefits when unable to work due to ULMSD, during the year 2008. The data were obtained from the administrative systems of the National Social Insurance Institute and Ministry of Labor and Employment. ACI was 15 per 10,000 workers. Increased ACI of ULMSD was associated with female gender, lower income, and work in financial activities or manufacturing. Women earning the minimum wage (US$ 64.00 per month) or less had the highest ACI of ULMSD (123 per 10,000), suggesting inequalities in the occurrence of these disorders. The study indicates the need to prioritize preventive actions focusing on ergonomics and work organization, early diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation. PMID:22124490

Souza, Norma Suely Souto; Santana, Vilma Sousa

2011-11-01

32

Incidence, prevalence, and hybrid approaches to calculating disability-adjusted life years  

PubMed Central

When disability-adjusted life years are used to measure the burden of disease on a population in a time interval, they can be calculated in several different ways: from an incidence, pure prevalence, or hybrid perspective. I show that these calculation methods are not equivalent and discuss some of the formal difficulties each method faces. I show that if we don’t discount the value of future health, there is a sense in which the choice of calculation method is a mere question of accounting. Such questions can be important, but they don’t raise deep theoretical concerns. If we do discount, however, choice of calculation method can change the relative burden attributed to different conditions over time. I conclude by recommending that studies involving disability-adjusted life years be explicit in noting what calculation method is being employed and in explaining why that calculation method has been chosen. PMID:22967055

2012-01-01

33

Disability, mortality, and incidence of cancer among Geneva painters and electricians: a historical prospective study.  

PubMed Central

The 1916 painters and the 1948 electricians who resided in the Canton of Geneva at the time of the 1970 census were identified and followed up to 1984. During the study period 121 disability pensions were awarded to painters and 59 to electricians. Age standardised incidence of disability per 1000 man-years at risk was higher among painters than among electricians for all neuropsychiatric causes (1.23/1000 and 0.68/1000, respectively) and for all other causes (5.50/1000 and 3.41/1000, respectively). No case of presenile dementia was diagnosed among painters. There was inadequate evidence to indicate that the higher risk of neuropsychiatric disability for painters might have been due to their occupational exposure to organic solvents. A possible toxic effect of these substances on the central nervous system was confounded with alcoholism which was associated with disability from neuropsychiatric disease in 12 of 20 painters and in only one of 10 electricians. Mortality and incidence of cancer were assessed among both cohorts and compared with the expected figures calculated from Geneva rates. Among painters there was a significant increase in overall mortality (O = 254, E = 218.5), in mortality from all cancers (O = 96, E = 75.4), and in incidence from all cancers (O = 159, E = 132.0). For the specific cancer sites, there was a significant excess risk for lung cancer (mortality: O = 40, E = 23.0), which was possibly related to occupational exposure to asbestos and to zinc chromate, although cigarette smoking was not controlled. The significant excesses of biliary tract cancer and of bladder cancer were in accordance with previous observations among painters from other countries. There was also a significant increase in incidence from testicular cancer (O=5, E=1.6), which has not been reported before. For causes of death other than cancer the excesses for alcoholism (O=5, E=0.8). for liver cirrhosis (O=14, E=8.8), for motor vehicle accidents (O=12, E=5.9), and for cerebrovascular disease when allowing for ten years of latency (O=8, E=4.0), were consistent with a probable increased risk of alcohol abuse. Among electricians overall mortality was similar to that expected (O=137, E=139.0). No significant excess risk was found for all cancers or for any specific cancer site. Because of the small number of expected deaths the statistical power was low for the assessment of a possible risk for leukaemia or for brain tumour. PMID:2920139

Guberan, E; Usel, M; Raymond, L; Tissot, R; Sweetnam, P M

1989-01-01

34

Accessibility of Health Clubs for People with Mobility Disabilities and Visual Impairments  

PubMed Central

Objective. We sought to examine the accessibility of health clubs to persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments. Methods. We assessed 35 health clubs and fitness facilities as part of a national field trial of a new instrument, Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE), designed to assess accessibility of fitness facilities in the following domains: (1) built environment, (2) equipment, (3) swimming pools, (4) information, (5) facility policies, and (6) professional behavior. Results. All facilities had a low to moderate level of accessibility. Some of the deficiencies concerned specific Americans with Disabilities Act guidelines pertaining to the built environment, whereas other deficiency areas were related to aspects of the facilities’ equipment, information, policies, and professional staff. Conclusions. Persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments have difficulty accessing various areas of fitness facilities and health clubs. AIMFREE is an important tool for increasing awareness of these accessibility barriers for people with disabilities. PMID:16254234

Rimmer, James H.; Riley, Barth; Wang, Edward; Rauworth, Amy

2005-01-01

35

Proposition of a communication system used in mobility by users with physical disabilities, focus on  

E-print Network

on cerebral palsy with athetoid problems Yohan Guerrier, Christophe Kolski Univ Lille Nord de France, F-59000 system of communication for people with cerebral palsy (CP) with athetoid problems. These people have; mobility; Disabled user; Cerebral palsy (CP); Slurred speech; Communication support I. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

37

Food Access Patterns and Barriers among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities.  

PubMed

We examined where midlife and older adults with a mobility disability accessed food outside the home in King County, Washington, USA, how they travelled to these food destinations, and facilitators and barriers to food access using qualitative interviews. Thirty-five adults aged ?50 years with a mobility disability (defined as use of an assistive device for mobility) were interviewed. Supplemental objective information was obtained from a Global Positioning System device worn by participants for 3 days. Participants primarily accessed food at grocery stores, restaurants, and coffee shops/cafés. The most common transportation modes were walking, obtaining a ride from friends, motorized chair/scooter, and public transit. Location and proximity of food destinations were factors affecting participants' ability to access these destinations. Adequate space, ease of entry, available amenities such as restrooms, and helpful people were facilitators for participants to access food outside the home. PMID:23056944

Huang, Deborah L; Rosenberg, Dori E; Simonovich, Shannon D; Belza, Basia

2012-01-01

38

Environmental and state-level regulatory factors affect the incidence of autism and intellectual disability.  

PubMed

Many factors affect the risks for neurodevelopmental maladies such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID). To compare environmental, phenotypic, socioeconomic and state-policy factors in a unified geospatial framework, we analyzed the spatial incidence patterns of ASD and ID using an insurance claims dataset covering nearly one third of the US population. Following epidemiologic evidence, we used the rate of congenital malformations of the reproductive system as a surrogate for environmental exposure of parents to unmeasured developmental risk factors, including toxins. Adjusted for gender, ethnic, socioeconomic, and geopolitical factors, the ASD incidence rates were strongly linked to population-normalized rates of congenital malformations of the reproductive system in males (an increase in ASD incidence by 283% for every percent increase in incidence of malformations, 95% CI: [91%, 576%], p<6×10(-5)). Such congenital malformations were barely significant for ID (94% increase, 95% CI: [1%, 250%], p?=?0.0384). Other congenital malformations in males (excluding those affecting the reproductive system) appeared to significantly affect both phenotypes: 31.8% ASD rate increase (CI: [12%, 52%], p<6×10(-5)), and 43% ID rate increase (CI: [23%, 67%], p<6×10(-5)). Furthermore, the state-mandated rigor of diagnosis of ASD by a pediatrician or clinician for consideration in the special education system was predictive of a considerable decrease in ASD and ID incidence rates (98.6%, CI: [28%, 99.99%], p?=?0.02475 and 99% CI: [68%, 99.99%], p?=?0.00637 respectively). Thus, the observed spatial variability of both ID and ASD rates is associated with environmental and state-level regulatory factors; the magnitude of influence of compound environmental predictors was approximately three times greater than that of state-level incentives. The estimated county-level random effects exhibited marked spatial clustering, strongly indicating existence of as yet unidentified localized factors driving apparent disease incidence. Finally, we found that the rates of ASD and ID at the county level were weakly but significantly correlated (Pearson product-moment correlation 0.0589, p?=?0.00101), while for females the correlation was much stronger (0.197, p<2.26×10(-16)). PMID:24625521

Rzhetsky, Andrey; Bagley, Steven C; Wang, Kanix; Lyttle, Christopher S; Cook, Edwin H; Altman, Russ B; Gibbons, Robert D

2014-03-01

39

Incidence, Types and Characteristics of Aggressive Behaviour in Treatment Facilities for Adults with Mild Intellectual Disability and Severe Challenging Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Inpatient aggression in treatment facilities for persons with intellectual disability (ID) can have aversive consequences, for co-clients and staff, but also for the aggressors themselves. To manage and eventually prevent inpatient aggressive incidents, more knowledge about their types and characteristics is necessary. Method: In four…

Tenneij, N. H.; Koot, H. M.

2008-01-01

40

Critical Incidents Involving Students with Psychiatric Disabilities: The Gap between State of the Art and Campus Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proliferation of students with psychiatric disabilities and the severity of the issues they present pose significant challenges to campus personnel and specifically to student affairs staff. This study identified the specific types of critical incidents related to students with psychiatric disorders that senior student affairs officers found…

Belch, Holley A.; Marshak, Laura E.

2006-01-01

41

Fix It with TAPE: Repurposing Technology to Be Assistive Technology for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how practitioners can repurpose technology--common and socially desirable technology in particular--to be assistive technology for students with high-incidence disabilities. The authors provide a framework for practitioners to consider technology for repurposing: TAPE (Transportable, Available, Practical, Engaging) and…

Bouck, Emily C.; Shurr, Jordan C.; Tom, Kinsey; Jasper, Andrea D.; Bassette, Laura; Miller, Bridget; Flanagan, Sara M.

2012-01-01

42

Balance training to maintain mobility and prevent disability.  

PubMed

Balance is important for the safe performance of many activities that allow older people to remain independent in their community. Housework, cooking, shopping, and travel generally require the ability to stand, reach, turn, and bend down and pick up objects from the floor. Multiple interacting factors are implicated in the deterioration of balance. Several strategies have been tested to improve balance and reduce falls. Home-based individualized training that attempted to improve identified deficits reduced falls and improved physical performance and stabilized or reduced disability. Home-based exercise programs that included low-intensity strength and balance training have improved balance and reduced fall rates by about 40% compared to controls. Class-based exercise programs in senior centers or exercise centers have improved balance and physical performance, and some have reduced falls. Programs such as tai chi and social dance look promising and should be further investigated. PMID:14552939

Judge, James Oat

2003-10-01

43

Universal accessibility of "accessible" fitness and recreational facilities for persons with mobility disabilities.  

PubMed

This study descriptively measured the universal accessibility of "accessible" fitness and recreational facilities for Ontarians living with mobility disabilities. The physical and social environments of 44 fitness and recreational facilities that identified as "accessible" were assessed using a modified version of the AIMFREE. None of the 44 facilities were completely accessible. Mean accessibility ratings ranged between 31 and 63 out of a possible 100. Overall, recreational facilities had higher accessibility scores than fitness centers, with significant differences found on professional support and training, entrance areas, and parking lot. A modest correlation was found between the availability of fitness programming and the overall accessibility of fitness-center specific facility areas. Overall, the physical and social environments of the 44 fitness and recreational facilities assessed were limited in their accessibility for persons with mobility disabilities. Future efforts should be directed at establishing and meeting universal accessibility guidelines for Canadian physical activity facilities. PMID:21282844

Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Kelly P; Ginis, Kathleen A Martin

2011-01-01

44

Gender differences in mobility disability during young, middle and older age in West African adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and the contribution of socio-demographic factors and chronic diseases to mobility disability in West African countries. Data were obtained from the World Health Survey (2002–2003) in which adults?18 years participated, from Burkina Faso (n=4822), Mali (n=4230) and Senegal (n=3197). Participants reporting mild, moderate, severe, extreme difficulty or inability to move

Malgorzata Miszkurka; Maria Victoria Zunzunegui; Étienne V. Langlois; Ellen E. Freeman; Seni Kouanda; Slim Haddad

2011-01-01

45

Gender differences in mobility disability during young, middle and older age in West African adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and the contribution of socio-demographic factors and chronic diseases to mobility disability in West African countries. Data were obtained from the World Health Survey (2002–2003) in which adults?18 years participated, from Burkina Faso (n=4822), Mali (n=4230) and Senegal (n=3197). Participants reporting mild, moderate, severe, extreme difficulty or inability to move

Malgorzata Miszkurka; Maria Victoria Zunzunegui; Étienne V. Langlois; Ellen E. Freeman; Seni Kouanda; Slim Haddad

2012-01-01

46

Incidence of disability pensions among slaughterhouse workers in Denmark. With special regard to diagnosis of the musculo-skeletal system.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine whether slaughterhouse workers (SW) in Denmark have a higher incidence of disability than expected in comparison with the general population and the sub-group of the population that is gainfully employed, especially with regard to pensions awarded for incapacity related to the musculo-skeletal system. There were 122 male SW who were awarded disability pensions (medium or high level of compensation) in the 3-year period 1977-79 as compared with the expected figure, 152.3 (p less than 0.05) and 40 disability pensions awarded to female SW as compared with 30.7 (0.05 less than p less than 0.10). In men the Standardized Disability Ratio (SDR) increases with age. High SDRs are observed for diagnosis in the musculo-skeletal system for both sexes. The difference between observed and expected values does not change appreciably when the expected values are calculated on the basis of age-specific incidence rates among all actively employed people. Problems of the study design and selection bias are discussed to facilitate the interpretation of results. A possible deleterious effect of meatpacking on the musculo-skeletal system calls for further investigation. PMID:7156917

Hansen, N S; Jeune, B

1982-01-01

47

Social Skills Instruction for Students With High-Incidence Disabilities: A School-Based Intervention to Address Acquisition Deficits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the results of a prescriptive, classroom-based social skills intervention program for 7 students with high-incidence disabilities receiving services in a self-contained, special education classroom. Students participated in 12 hours of social skills training, led by a paraprofessional and a student teacher, during the course of the traditional school day. Outcome measures included

Mathew J. Miller; Joseph Wehby

2005-01-01

48

Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Prevalence, Incidence and Remission of Aggressive Behaviour and Related Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Aggressive behaviours can be disabling for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), with negative consequences for the adult, their family and paid carers. It is surprising how little research has been conducted into the epidemiology of these needs, given the impact they can have. This study investigates point prevalence, 2-year…

Cooper, S.-A.; Smiley, E.; Jackson, A.; Finlayson, J.; Allan, L.; Mantry, D.; Morrison, J.

2009-01-01

49

Social Capital during the Postsecondary Transition for Young Adults with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social capital, relationships, and networks among people who share resources with one another, is essential to the successful transition into adulthood for all individuals--with or without disabilities. Social capital is particularly valuable for youth with disabilities because it has the potential to create access to other forms of capital as…

Trainor, Audrey A.; Morningstar, Mary; Murray, Angela; Kim, Hyejung

2013-01-01

50

Risk Assessment: Actuarial Prediction and Clinical Judgement of Offending Incidents and Behaviour for Intellectual Disability Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research on prediction of violent and sexual offending behaviour has developed considerably in the mainstream criminological literature. Apart from one publication [Quinsey (2004) "Offenders with Developmental Disabilities," pp. 131-142] this has not been extended to the field of intellectual disabilities. Methods: Work on actuarial…

Lindsay, William R.; Beail, Nigel

2004-01-01

51

Risk Factors, Protective Factors, Vulnerability, and Resilience: A Framework for Understanding and Supporting the Adult Transitions of Youth with High-Incidence Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how the related concepts of risk factors, protective factors, and resilience relate to postschool outcomes for youth with disabilities, especially the adult transitions of youth with high-incidence disabilities. Issues related to research and practice are identified, including building resilience through support at the…

Murray, Christopher

2003-01-01

52

Exploring Mobility Options for Children with Physical Disabilities: A Focus on Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study by Tefft et al. (2011, in this issue) is one of the few studies that have explored the impact of pediatric powered mobility on families. The parents who participated in their study reported increased satisfaction with their children's social and play skills, ability to move independently, sleeping patterns, and public perception of their…

Wiart, Lesley

2011-01-01

53

The Effects of Obesity and Mobility Disability in Access to Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening in France: Results from the National Health and Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives We aimed to disentangle the effects of obesity and mobility limitation on cervical and breast cancer screening among community dwelling women. Methods The data source was the French national Health and Disability Survey - Household Section, 2008. The Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to categorize obesity status. We constructed a continuous score of mobility limitations to assess the severity of disability (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.84). Logistic regressions were performed to examine the association between obesity, mobility limitations and the use of Pap test (n?=?8 133) and the use of mammography (n?=?7 561). Adjusted odds ratios were calculated (AOR). Interaction terms between obesity and the disability score were included in models testing for effect modifications. Results Compared with non-obese women, the odds of having a Pap test in the past 3 years was 24% lower in obese women (AOR?=?0.76; 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.89), the odds of having a mammogram in the past 2 years was 23% lower (AOR?=?0.77; 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.91). Each time the disability score was 5 points higher, the odds of having a Pap test decreases by 20% (AOR?=?0.96; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.98), the odds of having a mammogram decreases by 25% (AOR?=?0.95; 95% CI: 0.94 to 0.97). There was no significant interaction between obesity and disability score. Conclusion Obesity and mobility limitation are independently associated with a lower likelihood of cervical and breast cancer screening. Protective outreach and follow-up are necessary to reduce inequalities and thus to reduce health disparities in these vulnerable and high-risk populations of obese women with disabilities. PMID:25133662

Bussiere, Clemence; Sicsic, Jonathan; Pelletier-Fleury, Nathalie

2014-01-01

54

A Mobile Robot for Remote Response to Incidents Involving Hazardous Materials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will describe a teleoperated mobile robot system being developed at JPL for use by the JPL Fire Department/HAZMAT Team. The project, which began in October 1990, is focused on prototyping a robotic vehicle which can be quickly deployed and easily operated by HAZMAT Team personnel allowing remote entry and exploration of a hazardous material incident site. The close involvement of JPL Fire Department personnel has been critical in establishing system requirements as well as evaluating the system. The current robot, called HAZBOT III, has been especially designed for operation in environments that may contain combustible gases. Testing of the system with the Fire Department has shown that teleoperated robots can successfully gain access to incident sites allowing hazardous material spills to be remotely located and identified. Work is continuing to enable more complex missions through enhancement of the operator interface and by allowing tetherless operation.

Welch, Richard V.

1994-01-01

55

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition, participants wore Global Positioning Systems (GPS) devices for 3 days prior to the interview. The GPS maps were used as prompts during the interviews. Open coding of the 35 interviews using latent content analysis resulted in key themes and subthemes that achieved consensus between coders. Two investigators independently coded the text of each interview. Results: Participants were on average of 67 years of age (range: 50–86) and predominantly used canes (57%), walkers (57%), or wheelchairs (46%). Key themes pertained to curb ramp availability and condition, sidewalk availability and condition, hills, aesthetics, lighting, ramp availability, weather, presence and features of crosswalks, availability of resting places and shelter on streets, paved or smooth walking paths, safety, and traffic on roads. Implications: A variety of built environment barriers and facilitators to neighborhood-based activity exist for midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Preparing our neighborhood environments for an aging population that uses assistive devices will be important to foster independence and health. PMID:23010096

Rosenberg, Dori E.

2013-01-01

56

Angiotensin-converting Enzyme Inhibitor and Statin Medication Use and Incident Mobility Limitation in Community Older Adults. The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and statin medications have been proposed as potential agents to prevent or delay physical disability; yet limited research has evaluated whether such use in older community dwelling adults is associated with a lower risk of incident mobility limitation. Design Longitudinal cohort study Setting Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Participants 3055 participants who were well functioning at baseline (e.g., no mobility limitations). Measurements Summated standardized daily doses (low, medium and high) and duration of ACE inhibitor and statin use was computed. Mobility limitation (two consecutive self-reports of having any difficulty walking 1/4 mile or climbing 10 steps without resting) was assessed every 6 months after baseline. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard analyses were conducted adjusting for demographics, health status, and health behaviors. Results At baseline, ACE inhibitors and statins were used by 15.2% and 12.9%, respectively and both increased to over 25% by year 6. Over 6.5 years of follow-up, 49.8% had developed mobility limitation. In separate multivariable models, neither ACE inhibitor (multivariate hazard ratio [HR] 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.82–1.09) nor statin use (multivariate HR 1.02; 95% CI 0.87–1.17) was associated with a lower risk for mobility limitation. Similar findings were seen in analyses examining dose- and duration-response relationships and sensitivity analyses restricted to those with hypertension. Conclusions These findings indicate that ACE inhibitors and statins widely prescribed to treat hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, respectively do not lower risk of mobility limitation, an important life quality indicator. PMID:22092102

Gray, Shelly L.; Boudreau, Robert M.; Newman, Anne B.; Studenski, Stephanie A.; Shorr, Ronald I; Bauer, Douglas C.; Simonsick, Eleanor M.; Hanlon, Joseph T

2012-01-01

57

Incidence of and Risk Factors for Falls among Adults with an Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Falls among people with intellectual disability (ID) occur at a younger age than the general population and are a significant cause of injury and hospitalisation. There is very limited research investigating risk factors for falls among people with ID and none with people living outside of formal care arrangements, either independently…

Cox, C. R.; Clemson, L.; Stancliffe, R. J.; Durvasula, S.; Sherrington, C.

2010-01-01

58

Critical Social Skills for Adolescents with High Incidence Disabilities: Parental Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, 11 parents shared their beliefs that emotional intelligence and character play critical roles in the social and emotional development of their children with disabilities. Although the parents agree academic performance is important, they also want their children to develop moral and interpersonal and intrapersonal skills. (Contains…

Kolb, Sharon M.; Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl

2003-01-01

59

Suicide and Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: What Special Educators Need to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is the third leading cause of death in individuals ages 10 to 24. Researchers approximate that 17% to 29% of secondary school students seriously consider suicide and 8% attempt suicide. Students diagnosed with a disability may be at an even higher level of risk than their general education peers. Clearly knowing how to identify and how to…

Wachter, Carrie A.; Bouck, Emily C.

2008-01-01

60

(abstract) A Mobile Robot for Remote Response to Incidents Involving Hazardous Materials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will report the status of the Emergency Response Robotics project, a teleoperated mobile robot system being developed at JPL for use by the JPL Fire Department/HAZMAT Team. The project, which began in 1991, has been focused on developing a robotic vehicle which can be quickly deployed by HAZMAT Team personnel for first entry into an incident site. The primary goals of the system are to gain access to the site, locate and identify the hazard, and aid in its mitigation. The involvement of JPL Fire Department/HAZMAT Team personnel has been critical in guiding the design and evaluation of the system. A unique feature of the current robot, called HAZBOT III, is its special design for operation in combustible environments. This includes the use of all solid state electronics, brushless motors, and internal pressurization. Demonstration and testing of the system with HAZMAT Team personnel has shown that teleoperated robots, such as HAZBOT III, can successfully gain access to incident sites locating and identifying hazardous material spills. Work is continuing to enable more complex missions through the addition of appropriate sensor technology and enhancement of the operator interface.

Welch, Richard V.

1994-01-01

61

The White-Black Disability Gap Revisited: Does an Incident Heart Attack Change This Gap?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A myocardial infarction (MI) results typically in abrupt functional deterioration immediately postevent, followed by recovery. The post-MI health disparities experienced by black older adults may be attributable to the social and health correlates of race. We explored patterns of change in functional status in a community-based sample of 243 older white and black persons hospitalized for an incident MI.

Mihaela A. Popa; Laurence G. Branch; Ross Andel

2008-01-01

62

[Work-related disability among postal employees: incidence, duration, and social security costs in 2008].  

PubMed

This study analyzed the characteristics of Brazilian postal workers that received sick leave benefits in 2008. The databases were from the Unified Benefits System (SUB) and the National Registry of Social Information (CNIS). The incidence rate was 556.5 benefits per 10,000 employees, and the leading causes of work-related sick leave were injuries, musculoskeletal disorders, and mental disorders. Areas most frequently reported in injuries were knees and legs, wrists and hands, ankles and feet, and shoulders and arms, with higher incidence rates in men. Women were more affected by musculoskeletal disorders and mental disorders. Average sick leave lasted longer in men, and the incidence of benefits increased with age. The States with the highest incidence rates were Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, and Santa Catarina, and security benefits averaged BRL 1,847.00. Postal work may involve additional risk of injuries to the limbs, due to the long distances carrying heavy weight, assault, and dog bites. PMID:25099054

Mascarenhas, Flávia Alves Neves; Barbosa-Branco, Anadergh

2014-06-01

63

Effect of a multifactorial interdisciplinary intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people: randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Interventions that enhance mobility in frail older people are needed to maintain health and independence, yet definitive evidence of effective interventions is lacking. Our objective was to assess the impact of a multifactorial intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people. Methods We conducted a randomised, controlled trial with 241 frail community-dwelling older people in Sydney, Australia. Participants were classified as frail using the Cardiovascular Health Study definition, did not have severe cognitive impairment and were recently discharged from an aged care and rehabilitation service. The experimental group received a 12 month multifactorial, interdisciplinary intervention targeting identified frailty components. Two physiotherapists delivered a home exercise program targeting mobility, and coordinated management of psychological and medical conditions with other health professionals. The control group received usual care. Disability in the mobility domain was measured at baseline and at 3 and 12 months using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework. Participation (involvement in life situations) was assessed using the Life Space Assessment and the Goal Attainment Scale. Activity (execution of mobility tasks) was measured using the 4-metre walk and self-report measures. Results The mean age of participants was 83.3 years (SD: 5.9 years). Of the participants recruited, 216 (90%) were followed-up at 12 months. At this time point, the intervention group had significantly better scores than the control group on the Goal Attainment Scale (odds ratio 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3 to 3.3, P = 0.004) and Life Space Assessment (4.68 points, 95% CI 1.4 to 9.9, P = 0.005). There was no difference between groups on the global measure of participation or satisfaction with ability to get out of the house. At the activity level, the intervention group walked 0.05 m/s faster over 4 m (95% CI 0.0004 to 0.1, P = 0.048) than the control group, and scored higher on the Activity Measure for Post Acute Care (P < 0.001). Conclusions The intervention reduced mobility-related disability in frail older people. The benefit was evident at both the participation and activity levels of mobility-related disability. Trial registration Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register (ANZCTR): ANZCTRN12608000507381. PMID:23067364

2012-01-01

64

A Qualitative Study of Individual and Peer Factors Related to Effective Nonviolent versus Aggressive Responses to Problem Situations among Adolescents with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance the positive adjustment of youths with high incidence disabilities, a better understanding of the factors that influence their use of effective responses in challenging situations is needed. In this qualitative study, adolescents described individual and peer factors that would influence their use of effective nonviolent or aggressive…

Sullivan, Terri N.; Helms, Sarah W.; Bettencourt, Amie F.; Sutherland, Kevin; Lotze, Geri M.; Mays, Sally; Wright, Stephen; Farrell, Albert D.

2012-01-01

65

The Principal's Role in Creating a School Culture That Fosters Achievement of Students with High Incidence Disabilities: A Study of One School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the principal in shaping a school culture that fostered academic achievement of students with high incidence disabilities. Research was conducted by means of a qualitative case study approach with data courses of informant interviews, parent focus group, observations of the daily workings of the…

Haines, Shelby B.

2009-01-01

66

The Causal Attributions of Teaching Staff towards Children with Intellectual Disabilities: A Comparison of "Vignettes" Depicting Challenging Behaviour with "Real" Incidents of Challenging Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: We examined whether staff attributions, emotions and helping behaviours in reaction to "real" incidents of challenging behaviour (CB) exhibited by children with intellectual disabilities were different from reactions to "vignettes". We also examined whether these reactions are congruent with that predicted by attribution theory.…

Lucas, Victoria L.; Collins, Suzanne; Langdon, Peter E.

2009-01-01

67

Childhood brain tumours and use of mobile phones: comparison of a case-control study with incidence data.  

PubMed

The first case-control study on mobile phone use and brain tumour risk among children and adolescents (CEFALO study) has recently been published. In a commentary published in Environmental Health, Söderqvist and colleagues argued that CEFALO suggests an increased brain tumour risk in relation to wireless phone use. In this article, we respond and show why consistency checks of case-control study results with observed time trends of incidence rates are essential, given the well described limitations of case-control studies and the steep increase of mobile phone use among children and adolescents during the last decade. There is no plausible explanation of how a notably increased risk from use of wireless phones would correspond to the relatively stable incidence time trends for brain tumours among children and adolescents observed in the Nordic countries. Nevertheless, an increased risk restricted to heavy mobile phone use, to very early life exposure, or to rare subtypes of brain tumours may be compatible with stable incidence trends at this time and thus further monitoring of childhood brain tumour incidence rate time trends is warranted. PMID:22607537

Aydin, Denis; Feychting, Maria; Schüz, Joachim; Röösli, Martin

2012-01-01

68

Childhood brain tumours and use of mobile phones: comparison of a case-control study with incidence data  

PubMed Central

The first case–control study on mobile phone use and brain tumour risk among children and adolescents (CEFALO study) has recently been published. In a commentary published in Environmental Health, Söderqvist and colleagues argued that CEFALO suggests an increased brain tumour risk in relation to wireless phone use. In this article, we respond and show why consistency checks of case–control study results with observed time trends of incidence rates are essential, given the well described limitations of case–control studies and the steep increase of mobile phone use among children and adolescents during the last decade. There is no plausible explanation of how a notably increased risk from use of wireless phones would correspond to the relatively stable incidence time trends for brain tumours among children and adolescents observed in the Nordic countries. Nevertheless, an increased risk restricted to heavy mobile phone use, to very early life exposure, or to rare subtypes of brain tumours may be compatible with stable incidence trends at this time and thus further monitoring of childhood brain tumour incidence rate time trends is warranted. PMID:22607537

2012-01-01

69

Use of accelerometry to measure physical activity in older adults at risk for mobility disability  

PubMed Central

We explored using the ActiGraph accelerometer to differentiate activity levels between participants in a physical activity (PA, n=54) or `successful aging' (SA) program (n = 52). The relationship between a PA questionnaire for older adults (CHAMPS) and accelerometry variables was also determined. Individualized accelerometry count thresholds (THRESHIND) measured during a 400-m walk were used to identify “meaningful activity.” Participants then wore the ActiGraph for 7 days. Results indicated more activity bouts·d?1 ? 10 min above THRESHIND in the PA group compared to SA group (1.1 ± 2.0 vs 0.5 ± 0.8, p = 0.05) and more activity counts·d?1 above THRESHIND for the PA group (28,101 ± 27,521) compared to the SA group (17,234 ± 15,620, p = 0.02). Correlations between activity counts·hr?1 and CHAMPS ranged from 0.27 – 0.42, p<0.01. The ActiGraph and THRESHIND may be useful for differentiating PA levels in older adults at risk for mobility disability. PMID:19033603

Pruitt, Leslie A.; Glynn, Nancy W.; King, Abby C.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Aiken, Erin K.; Miller, Gary; Haskell, William L.

2010-01-01

70

The effects of inquiry-based science on the social and communicative skills of students with low-incidence disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research utilized inquiry based science as a vehicle to implement and maintain social skills training for secondary students, ages 14 to 20, with low-incidence disabilities in a self-contained classroom. This three year action research study examined the effects of an inquiry based science curriculum on the level and quantity of social skills used by students with one or more of the following challenges: significant learning disability (functioning more than two grade levels below grade level), emotional/social disability, mental retardation, Autism, and/or varying degrees of brain damage. Through the use of video recording, the students in the study were analyzed based on the level of social interaction and the amount of socialization that took place during inquiry based science. The skills sought were based on the social and communication skills earmarked in the students' weekly social skills training class and their Individualized Education Plans (IEP). Based on previous research in social skills training it has been determined that where social skills training is lacking are in the areas of transfer and maintenance of skills. Due to the natural social behavior that must take place in inquiry based science this group of students were found to exhibit gains in (1) quantity of social interactions on topic; (2) developing higher levels of social interactions (sharing, taking other's suggestions, listening and responding appropriately, etc.); and (3) maintenance of social skills taught outside of formal social skills training. These gains were seen overall in the amount of student involvement during inquiry based science verses teacher involvement. Such increases are depicted through students' verbal exchanges, excerpts from field notes, and student reflections. The findings of this research is expected to guide special educators, administrators and directors of curriculum as to how to better create curriculum for this specific population where social skills training is utilized and maintained in all aspects of the academic day, thus helping this population of student achieve more independence and appropriate interactions in their live as citizens of society.

D'Angelo, Heather Hopkins

71

Muscle Strength and BMI as Predictors of Major Mobility Disability in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P)  

PubMed Central

Background. Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. Methods. This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial in which sedentary functionally limited participants (70–89 years, Short Physical Performance Battery ? 9) who were able to complete a 400-m walk test at baseline were randomized to a physical activity or health education intervention and reassessed for major mobility disability every 6 months for up to 18 months. We evaluated whether baseline grip strength and BMI predicted failure to complete the 400-m walk test in 15 minutes or less (major mobility disability). Results. Among N = 406 participants with baseline measures, lower grip strength was associated with an increased risk for developing major mobility disability, with and without covariate adjustment (p < .01): The hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for the lowest versus high sex-specific quartile of grip strength was 6.11 (2.24–16.66). We observed a U-shaped relationship between baseline BMI and the risk of developing major mobility disability, such that the risk for participants with a BMI of 25–29 kg/m2 was approximately half that of participants with BMI less than 25 or 30 kg/m2 or more (p = .04 in fully adjusted analyses). Conclusions. Our data highlight the importance of muscle weakness, low BMI, and obesity as risk factors for major mobility disability in older adults. Being overweight may be protective for major mobility disability. PMID:21975090

Rejeski, W. Jack; Espeland, Mark A.; Miller, Michael E.; Church, Timothy S.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2011-01-01

72

Incidence of patellar clunk syndrome in fixed versus high-flex mobile bearing posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty.  

PubMed

The geometry of the intercondylar box plays a significant role in the development of patellar clunk syndrome. We reviewed the incidence of patella clunk at mid-to-long-term follow-up of a rotating high-flex versus fixed bearing posterior stabilized TKA design. 188-mobile and 223-fixed bearing TKAs were reviewed for complications, incidence of patellar clunk, treatment, recurrence rates, range of motion, and patient satisfaction. Patellar clunk developed in 22 knees in the mobile (11.7%) and in 4 (1.8%) in the fixed bearing group (P<0.001). 23 out of 26 cases resolved with a single arthroscopic treatment and 2 resolved with a second procedure. The mean postoperative range of motion was 122.4°. All but one patient reported overall satisfaction with the index procedure. In contrast with other recent studies we found a significant incidence of patellar clunk in high-flex mobile bearings. Despite the high rate of patellar clunk syndrome, overall patients did well and were satisfied with their outcomes. PMID:24961894

Snir, Nimrod; Schwarzkopf, Ran; Diskin, Brian; Takemoto, Richelle; Hamula, Mathew; Meere, Patrick A

2014-10-01

73

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment. Implementing…

O'Mea, Melanie L.

2013-01-01

74

Motorcycles for the Disabled: Mobility, Modernity and the Transformation of Experience in Urban China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes changes in people's attitudes toward and experiences of disability in contemporary China. In particular, it examines how, as a result of shifting gender structures and modernist modes of production, urban men who struggle to walk have adopted cycle technolgies, and how this has caused Chinese society increasingly to associate these men with disability. The paper further details

Matthew Kohrman

1999-01-01

75

Occupational class, occupational mobility and cancer incidence among middle-aged men and women: a prospective study of the French GAZEL cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the association between occupational class, occupational mobility and cancer incidence in the 1990s. Methods: Prospective study of 14,853 men and 5493 women employed by a large French company. Incident cases (any cancer, smoking and alcohol-related, breast) were ascertained through a validated company-based cancer registry (1990–2002). Hazard ratios (HRs) by occupational class and by career-long occupational mobility were

Maria Melchior; Marcel Goldberg; Nancy Krieger; Ichiro Kawachi; Gwenn Menvielle; Marie Zins; Lisa F. Berkman

2005-01-01

76

Trial Development of a Mobile Feeding Assistive Robotic Arm for People with Physical Disabilities of the Extremities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile feeding assistive robotic arm for people with physical disabilities of the extremities has been developed in this paper. This system is composed of a robotic arm, microcontroller, and its interface. The main unit of the robotic arm can be contained in a laptop computer's briefcase. Its weight is 5kg, including two 12-V lead acid rechargeable batteries. This robotic arm can be also mounted on a wheelchair. To verify performance of the mobile robotic arm system, drinking tea task was experimentally performed by two able-bodied subjects as well as three persons suffering from muscular dystrophy. From the experimental results, it was clear that they could smoothly carry out the drinking task, and that the robotic arm could firmly grasp a commercially available 500-ml plastic bottle. The eating task was also performed by the two able-bodied subjects. The experimental results showed that they could eat porridge by using a spoon without any difficulty.

Uehara, Hideyuki; Higa, Hiroki; Soken, Takashi; Namihira, Yoshinori

77

An Empirical Assessment of a Home-Based Exercise Treatment Package for People with Severe Mobility-Related Disabilities Using a Changing Criterion Design: Two Studies  

E-print Network

to be confirmed for individuals with various mobility- related disabilities, including multiple sclerosis (Romberg, Virtanan, & Ruutiainen, 2005), osteoarthritis (Farrar & Mitchell, 2009), rheumatoid arthritis (Mats et al., 2009), and spinal cord injury (Stevens..., culture, age, and the nature of the disability. For example, a 20-year-old person with spinal cord injury (SCI) might choose to engage in strenuous competitive sports, such as wheelchair tennis, while a middle-aged person with SCI might prefer a sport...

Nary, Dorothy E.

2010-12-13

78

Mobile phone use while cycling: incidence and effects on behaviour and safety.  

PubMed

The effects of mobile phone use on cycling behaviour were studied. In study 1, the prevalence of mobile phone use while cycling was assessed. In Groningen 2.2% of cyclists were observed talking on their phone and 0.6% were text messaging or entering a phone number. In study 2, accident-involved cyclists responded to a questionnaire. Only 0.5% stated that they were using their phone at the time of the accident. In study 3, participants used a phone while cycling. The content of the conversation was manipulated and participants also had to enter a text message. Data were compared with just cycling and cycling while listening to music. Telephoning coincided with reduced speed, reduced peripheral vision performance and increased risk and mental effort ratings. Text messaging had the largest negative impact on cycling performance. Higher mental workload and lower speed may account for the relatively low number of people calling involved in accidents. STATEMENT OF RELEVANCE: Although perhaps mainly restricted to flat countries with a large proportion of cyclists, mobile phone use while cycling has increased and may be a threat to traffic safety, similar to phone use while driving a car. In this study, the extent of the problem was assessed by observing the proportion of cyclists using mobile phones, sending questionnaires to accident-involved cyclists and an experimental study was conducted on the effects of mobile phone use while cycling. PMID:20069479

de Waard, Dick; Schepers, Paul; Ormel, Wieke; Brookhuis, Karel

2010-01-01

79

Mobile Architectures and Prototypes to Assist Persons with Cognitive Disabilities using Public Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public transportation systems are among the most ubiquitous and complex large-scale systems found in modern society. For those unable to drive, such as persons with cognitive disabilities or the elderly, these systems are essential gateways for participation in community activities, socialization, and independence. To understand the problems faced by public transportation users, our research team has (1) focused on systemic

James F. Sullivan; Gerhard Fischer

2003-01-01

80

An Intelligent Wheelchair to enable mobility of severely disabled and elder people  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop an Intelligent Wheelchair (IW) system for the severely disabled people. The main function of our system is two-fold: 1) user intention recognition using vision technique and 2) sensor-based obstacle detection and path finding. The proposed system enable a user to control IW using his mouth shape and face movement. Furthermore, to fully guarantee user's safety,

Eunjeong Ko; Jin Sun Ju; Eun Yi Kim; Nam Seo Goo

2009-01-01

81

Boatworks and Cleansweep: Mobile Work Crews for Adults with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The monograph describes "Boatworks," a subsidiary of Stepping Stones Growth Center in Oakland, California, which trains developmentally disabled adults to clean and maintain pleasure boats, and "Cleansweep," a janitorial and grounds maintenance training program for the same population. A brief history of the programs is followed by client profiles…

Watson, Marge

82

Students with Disabilities Experience in Higher Education Online Courses: An Exploratory Study of Self-Efficacy, Use of Assistive Technologies and Mobile Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overarching aim of this mixed methods study was to explore the online experiences of students with disabilities, with particular focus on students' use of assistive technologies, mobile media and self-efficacy. Using a multifaceted an integrative approach, this study considered a framework of universal design, Scherer's Matching…

Francis, Chandinie Devi Parasram

2012-01-01

83

An Investigation into the Incidence of Obesity and Underweight among Adults with an Intellectual Disability in an Australian Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports suggest that 7% to 18% of Australian adults are obese and a further 16% to 55% are overweight. Studies from other countries have indicated that obesity among people with an intellectual disability may be at least, or even more, prevalent. Prevalence rates range from 28% to 59%. The aim of the current study was to investigate the weight…

Moore, Kathleen; McGillivray, Jane; Illingworth, Kaye; Brookhouse, Peter

2004-01-01

84

Learning Disability and Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper cites studies on the interaction of depression and learning disability, examines the question of whether depression is a result or a cause of learning disability, emphasizes the importance of proper diagnosis of depression versus learning disability, and reviews the incidence of suicide-related events among the learning-disabled.…

Hayes, Marnell L.; Sloat, Robert S.

1988-01-01

85

Assisting the mobilization through subway networks by users with visual disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce AudioMetro, application software for blind users that represents a subway system in a desktop computer to assist mobilization and orientation in a subway network. A user can organize and prepare a travel by using the software before riding the subway. Conclusions of the usability study revealed the critical importance of using key interface elements, such as audio-based hierarchy

J H Sánchez; M A Sáenz

2006-01-01

86

Findings from the International Adult Literacy Survey on the incidence and correlates of learning disabilities in New Zealand: is something rotten in the state of New Zealand?.  

PubMed

New Zealand data from the International Adult Literacy Survey were analysed to examine the incidence and correlates of self-reported specific reading learning disability (SRLD). The results showed that 7.7% of New Zealand adults reported having had a learning disability. The ratio of males to females with SRLD was 3:2. Between 40% and 50% of New Zealand adults performed below the minimum level of proficiency required for meeting the complex demands of everyday life in knowledge-based societies. For adults with SRLD, around 80% performed below the minimum level, and the literacy proficiency of adults with SRLD in younger age bands appears to have declined since the early 1960s. Almost 100% of adults with SRLD in the 16-20 years age range performed below the minimum level for document and quantitative literacy and 92% for prose literacy. Compared to non-SRLD adults, those with SRLD were found to leave school earlier, engage more often in manual occupations, are more frequently unemployed, and rely on more state assistance to bring their income levels closer to the levels enjoyed by non-SRLD adults. The results are discussed in terms of SRLD not being officially recognised or provided for in New Zealand, the lack of appropriate remedial provisions for children who experience difficulties with reading, and the effects of a strong whole language orientated approach to literacy instruction in schools that has been in place since 1963. PMID:12775082

Chapman, James W; Tunmer, William E; Allen, Raewyn

2003-05-01

87

Positive and Negative Effects of Finance-based Social Capital on Incident Functional Disability and Mortality: An 8-year Prospective Study of Elderly Japanese  

PubMed Central

Background Rotating savings and credit associations (ROSCAs) involve group financial self-help activities. These voluntary financial cooperative associations—mujin in Japanese—are found in some rural areas of Japan. Cross-sectional evidence suggests that active participation in mujin correlates with rich social capital and better functional capacities among older adults. However, the effect of mujin on subsequent health outcomes is unknown. Methods In 2003, we conducted a baseline interview survey of 583 functionally independent adults randomly selected from Yamanashi Prefecture residents aged 65 years or older. They were followed up until 2011. We used proportional hazards models, and factor analysis of 8 mujin-related questions identified 2 components: the “intensity and attitude” and “financing” aspects of mujin. Results The hazard ratios (HRs) for incident functional disability—identified by using the public long-term care insurance database—per 1-SD increase in factor scores were 0.82 (95% CI: 0.68–0.99) for the intensity and attitude score and 1.21 (1.07–1.38) for financing score. Adjustments for age, sex, marital status, household composition, physical health, education, income, and other factor scores only slightly attenuated these HRs. The results for mortality models were very similar to those for incident functional disability. Conclusions ROSCA-type activities in Japan could have beneficial effects on the health of older adults if used primarily for the purpose of friendship. Mujin for aggressively financial purposes might be somewhat harmful, as such activities might reflect the “dark side” of social capital, ie, overly demanding expectations of group conformity. PMID:23117222

Kondo, Naoki; Suzuki, Kohta; Minai, Junko; Yamagata, Zentaro

2012-01-01

88

Benzodiazepine Use and Physical Disability in Community-Dwelling Older Adults  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES To determine whether benzodiazepine use is associated with incident disability in mobility and activities of daily living (ADLs) in older individuals. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING Four sites of the Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly. PARTICIPANTS This study included 9,093 subjects (aged ?65) who were not disabled in mobility or ADLs at baseline. MEASUREMENTS Mobility disability was defined as inability to walk half a mile or climb one flight of stairs. ADL disability was defined as inability to perform one or more basic ADLs (bathing, eating, dressing, transferring from a bed to a chair, using the toilet, or walking across a small room). Trained interviewers assessed outcomes annually. RESULTS At baseline, 5.5% of subjects reported benzodiazepine use. In multivariable models, benzodiazepine users were 1.23 times as likely as nonusers (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09–1.39) to develop mobility disability and 1.28 times as likely (95% CI = 1.09–1.52) to develop ADL disability. Risk for incident mobility was increased with short- (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.08–1.50) and long-acting benzodiazepines (HR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.03–1.39) and no use. Risk for ADL disability was greater with short- (HR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.25–2.01) but not long-acting (HR = 1.11, 95% CI = 0.89–1.39) agents than for no use. CONCLUSION Older adults taking benzodiazepines have a greater risk for incident mobility and ADL disability. Use of short-acting agents does not appear to confer any safety benefits over long-acting agents. PMID:16460372

Gray, Shelly L.; LaCroix, Andrea Z.; Hanlon, Joseph T.; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.; Blough, David K.; Leveille, Suzanne G.; Artz, Margaret B.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Buchner, Dave M.

2008-01-01

89

Rationale and design of a randomized controlled, clinical trial investigating a comprehensive exercise stimulus for improving mobility disability outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis.  

PubMed

This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examines the effect of a comprehensive exercise training stimulus on physiological function and mobility disability (i.e., problems walking) in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have walking impairment. This trial will recruit 30 persons with MS across central Illinois who have an Expanded Disability Status Scale score between 4.0 and 6.0, and those persons will be randomized into either the intervention or control arm of the study; the participants will not be blinded regarding group assignment. The intervention will incorporate equal amounts of aerobic, resistance, and balance modes of training delivered 3 times/week with a gradual progression of duration and intensity across a 6-month period. The control will involve stretching along with minimal muscle strengthening stimuli and will be delivered on the same frequency and duration. The primary outcomes will be clinical, kinematic, patient-rated, and physiological measures of mobility disability. The secondary outcomes will be measures of physiological function including aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and balance. This study will lay the foundation for the design of a subsequent Phase II or Phase III RCT by (a) providing effect sizes that can be included in a power analysis for sample size estimation and (b) investigating whether aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and balance are possible factors associated with the beneficial effect of exercise training on walking outcomes. Taken as a whole, the proposed study and our subsequent research agenda has the potential for advancing the management of mobility disability using exercise training in the 2nd stage of MS. PMID:23542419

Motl, Robert W; Pilutti, Lara A; Sandroff, Brian M; Klaren, Rachel; Balantrapu, Swathi; McAuley, Edward; Sosnoff, Jacob J; Fernhall, Bo

2013-05-01

90

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2010-01-01

91

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2013-01-01

92

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2012-01-01

93

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

... 2014-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2014-01-01

94

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

2011-01-01

95

28 CFR 35.137 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...public entity shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities, in...

2012-07-01

96

28 CFR 35.137 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...public entity shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities, in...

2013-07-01

97

28 CFR 36.311 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accommodation shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2013-07-01

98

28 CFR 35.137 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...public entity shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities, in...

2011-07-01

99

28 CFR 36.311 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accommodation shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2012-07-01

100

28 CFR 36.311 - Mobility devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accommodation shall permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually-powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2011-07-01

101

Designing Clinical Trials of Interventions for Mobility Disability: Results from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P) Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed; however, data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking. Methods Results are described from a pilot clinical trial in which 424 volunteers aged 70–89 years were randomly assigned to one of two interventions -- physical activity or a healthy aging education program -- and followed for a planned minimum of 12 months. We evaluated the longitudinal distributions of four standardized outcomes to contrast how they may serve as primary outcomes of future clinical trials: ability to walk 400 meters, ability to walk 4 meters in ?10 seconds, a physical performance battery, and a questionnaire focused on physical function. Results Changes in all four outcomes were inter-related over time. The ability to walk 400 meters as a dichotomous outcome provided the smallest sample size projections (i.e. appeared to be the most efficient outcome). It loaded most heavily on the underlying latent variable in structural equation modeling with a weight of 80%. A four-year trial based on the outcome of 400 meter walk is projected to require N = 962 to 2,234 to detect an intervention effect of 30% to 20% with 90% power. Conclusions Future clinical trials of interventions designed to influence mobility disability may have greater efficiency if they adopt the ability to complete a 400 meter walk as their primary outcome. PMID:18000143

Espeland, Mark A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack; Miller, Michael E.; Fielding, Roger; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2008-01-01

102

Learning Disabilities Disability Services  

E-print Network

Learning Disabilities Disability Services If you have a learning disability or attention deficit disorder--or suspect that you do--we strongly recommend that you contact Office of Disability Services (ODS To be considered for academic accommodations due to a learning disability, you must apply for through the Office

Goldberg, Bennett

103

Weight Change, Weight Change Intention, and the Incidence of Mobility Limitation in Well-Functioning Community-Dwelling Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Obesity increases the risk for functional decline in later years, but the functional consequences of weight change in older adults are currently unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether weight, weight change, and weight change intention are associated with risk for mobility limitation in elderly persons. Methods. This study included 2932 well-functioning black and white men

Jung Sun Lee; Stephen B. Kritchevsky; Frances Tylavsky; Tamara Harris

2005-01-01

104

Reporting incidents of discrimination  

E-print Network

speak out Reporting incidents of discrimination Equality and Diversity Team tel: +44 (0) 1392 incidents. Discrimination is treating someone less favourably because of their: · Age · Disability · Gender reassignment · Marriage and civil partnership · Pregnancy and maternity · Race · Religion/belief · Sex · Sexual

Bearhop, Stuart

105

As a condition for the issuance of a disability cart permit for your cart, which you have been approved for to accommodate your mobility transport needs, and for any subsequent renewals or extensions of  

E-print Network

NOT use a mobile phone (talking, texting, or viewing) while driving a cart. 8) Do NOT exceed the posted application. Rules and Regulations: 1) Do NOT drive or park the cart in any arcade or within a Vehicle, pathways, dumpsters, or thoroughfares. DISABILITY CART PERMIT AGREEMENT #12;6) Do NOT drive the cart any

Raymond, Jennifer L.

106

Laying the Foundation for Connect to Protect®: A Multi-Site Community Mobilization Intervention to Reduce HIV/AIDS Incidence and Prevalence among Urban Youth  

PubMed Central

Despite the considerable resources that have been dedicated to HIV prevention interventions and services over the past decade, HIV incidence among young people in the United States remains alarmingly high. One reason is that the majority of prevention efforts continue to focus solely on modifying individual behavior, even though public health research strongly suggests that changes to a community's structural elements, such as their programs, practices, and laws or policies, may result in more effective and sustainable outcomes. Connect to Protect is a multi-city community mobilization intervention that focuses on altering or creating community structural elements in ways that will ultimately reduce youth HIV incidence and prevalence. The project, which spans 6 years, is sponsored by the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions at multiple urban clinical research sites. This paper provides an overview of the study's three phases and describes key factors in setting a firm foundation for the initiation and execution of this type of undertaking. Connect to Protect's community mobilization approach to achieving structural change represents a relatively new and broad direction in HIV prevention research. To optimize opportunities for its success, time and resources must be initially placed into laying the groundwork. This includes activities such as building a strong overarching study infrastructure to ensure protocol tasks can be met across sites; tapping into local site and community expertise and knowledge; forming collaborative relationships between sites and community organizations and members; and fostering community input on and support for changes at a structural level. Failing to take steps such as these may lead to insurmountable implementation problems for an intervention of this kind. PMID:16739051

Ziff, Mauri A.; Harper, Gary W.; Chutuape, Kate S.; Deeds, Bethany Griffin; Futterman, Donna; Francisco, Vincent T.; Muenz, Larry R.

2006-01-01

107

Staging of mobility, transfer and walking functions of elderly persons based on the codes of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health  

PubMed Central

Background The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was introduced by the World Health Organization as a common taxonomy to describe the burden of health conditions. This study focuses on the development of a scale for staging basic mobility and walking functions based on the ICF. Methods Thirty-three ICF codes were selected to test their fit to the Rasch model and their location. Of these ICF items, four were used to develop a Guttman- type scale of “basic mobility” and another four to develop a“walking” scale to stage functional performance in the elderly. The content validity and differential item functioning of the scales were assessed. The participants, chosen at random, were Japanese over 65 years old using the services of public long-term care insurance, and whose functional assessments were used for scale development and scale validation. Results There were 1164 elderly persons who were eligible for scale development. To stage the functional performance of elderly persons, two Guttman-type scales of “basic mobility” and “walking” were constructed. The order of item difficulty was validated using 3260 elderly persons. There is no differential item functioning about study location, sex and age-group in the newly developed scales. These results suggested the newly developed scales have content validity. Conclusions These scales divided functional performance into five stages according to four ICF codes, making the measurements simple and less time-consuming and enable clear descriptions of elderly functioning level. This was achieved by hierarchically rearranging the ICF items and constructing Guttman-type scales according to item difficulty using the Rasch model. In addition, each functional level might require similar resources and therefore enable standardization of care and rehabilitation. Illustrations facilitate the sharing of patient images among health care providers. By using the ICF as a common taxonomy, these scales could be used internationally as assessment scales in geriatric care settings. However these scales require further validity and reliability studies for international application. PMID:23410234

2013-01-01

108

Orientation and Mobility with Persons Who Are Deaf-Blind: An Initial Examination of Single-Subject Design Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persons who are deaf-blind represent a heterogeneous, low-incidence population of children and adults who, at some point in life, regardless of the presence of additional disabilities, may benefit from formal orientation and mobility (O&M) instruction. Current national policies, such as the No Child Left Behind Act, which emphasize that…

Parker, Amy T.

2009-01-01

109

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2011-10-01

110

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2012-10-01

111

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2010-10-01

112

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADA, you must permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any...

2013-10-01

113

Mechanical energy analysis identifies compensatory strategies in disabled elders’ gait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current concepts in disablement emphasize the importance of identifying mobility impairments in aging humans to enable timely intervention and, ultimately, prevent disability. Because mobility impairments are likely to result in compensatory movement strategies, recognizing and understanding those strategies may be critical in designing effective interventions for preventing disability. We sought to determine if mechanical energy methods are useful for identifying

Chris A. McGibbon; David E. Krebs; Michael S. Puniello

2001-01-01

114

Disability, gender, and the British labour market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using UK LFS data, we examine the impact of disability on labour market outcomes by gender since the Disability Discrimination Act. Substantial differences in employment incidence and earnings continue to exist, especially for those with mental health problems. Distinguishing between work-limiting and non-work-limiting disability, the unobserved productivity effect of disability can be separated from discrimination. Limited evidence of wage discrimination

Melanie K. Jones; Paul L. Latreille; Peter J. Sloane

2006-01-01

115

76 FR 6572 - Non-Ambulatory Disabled Veal Calves and Other Non-Ambulatory Disabled Livestock at Slaughter...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...slaughter of non-ambulatory disabled pigs, sheep, goats, and other amenable...require that non- ambulatory disabled pigs, sheep, goats, and other amenable...incidents involving the inhumane handling of pigs. The NRs documented establishment...

2011-02-07

116

Disability retirement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eligibility for disability retirement is discussed. General guidelines and a few standards are given. Usually the same basic medical principles apply to the evaluation of claims for disability retirement as apply to determining medical suitability for initial employment.

Eck, R. L.

1975-01-01

117

Laying the Foundation for Connect to Protect ® : A Multi-Site Community Mobilization Intervention to Reduce HIV\\/AIDS Incidence and Prevalence among Urban Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the considerable resources that have been dedicated to HIV prevention interventions and services over the past decade, HIV incidence among young people in the United States remains alarmingly high. One reason is that the majority of prevention efforts continue to focus solely on modifying individual behavior, even though public health research strongly suggests that changes to a community's structural

Mauri A. Ziff; Gary W. Harper; Kate S. Chutuape; Bethany Griffin Deeds; Donna Futterman; Vincent T. Francisco; Larry R. Muenz; Jonathan M. Ellen

2006-01-01

118

Disability Doesn't Mean Vulnerability  

MedlinePLUS

... III For many Americans living with a disability, learning some form of personal protection as well as how to escape a hazardous situation is an important aspect of independence and mobility. There are, however, four ...

119

Developing a Disabilities Information Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disabled students require full access to the higher education curriculum without suffering from discrimination due to their disability. This is a simple ethic of civilised societies, but is also increasingly becoming a legal imperative. In a relatively small number of cases access may mean accommodating manifest physical impairments such as those that can occur with sight, hearing and mobility. In

Bin Ling; Colin Allison; J Ross Nicoll; Dave Roberts; Luke Moodley

120

Adaptive Computing Technology and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive technology offers people with disabilities the opportunity not just to use computers, but to use computers to complete tasks that were previously not possible for them. Computers can be used to assist individuals with speech or writing impairments, physical or mobility impairments, visual impairments, and learning disabilities. (Author/JL)

Harrell, William L.

1998-01-01

121

Social Group Work for Young Offenders with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the high incidence of learning disabilities among young offenders, research suggests that young offenders with learning disabilities do not receive interventions that address their learning disabilities. Group treatment approaches for young offenders typically utilize a cognitive-behavioral orientation. Cognitive behavioral techniques have been found to be effective with the young offender population by targeting their faulty thinking. However, cognitive behavioral

Faye Mishna; Barbara Muskat

2002-01-01

122

Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive…

Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

2011-01-01

123

The physically disabled medical student.  

PubMed

Previous literature on physically disabled medical students is reviewed, and its implications are examined. Although they encounter significant obstacles to their acceptance into medical school due to stereotyped attitudes, environmental barriers, and recent legal decisions, these students are nevertheless applying to and successfully completing medical school. Common coping strategies for students with mobility, visual, and hearing impairments are briefly outlined. PMID:2962981

Stiens, S

1987-01-01

124

The Impact of Comer's School Development Program's Student Staff Support Team Process on High-Incidence Special Education Referrals in One Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines whether the Comer (1996) placement model process reduces the overrepresentation of certain student groups into high-incidence disabilities programs. High-incidence disabilities are those disabilities which require an extensive degree of "professional judgment" by the teacher in determining whether or not a disability exists…

Gibson-Robinson, Joi

2010-01-01

125

Shakespeare on old age and disability.  

PubMed

The plays of William Shakespeare were reviewed for references to disabilities, aging and disability, and older characters with disabilities. Shakespeare's references draw from traditional cultural notions about older people with disabilities. These traditional notions include people with physical disabilities being evil, the entertainment value of disabilty, and those who were mentally ill being wild and animal-like. He viewed the aging process as disabling and old age as a time when individuals lost some abilities to function, particularly when it came to mental capacity and physical mobility. His writings show that he used disability as a literary tool to add dimension to characters and set them apart. Contemporary literature continues to share some of Shakespeare's view on aging and disability but also departs from them in important ways. For example, contemporary treatment of disabilities and aging places more emphasis on the human side of the affects of aging and disabilities. Disabilities and aging are not cast in the same negative terms as Shakespeare used. PMID:10987340

Covey, H

2000-01-01

126

Sexual Force at Sexual Debut. Swedish Adolescents with Disabilities at Higher Risk than Adolescents without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this study are first to compare the incidence of force on the first occasion of sexual intercourse reported by participants with disabilities to that of students without disabilities; second to determine whether there are significant differences in mental health, substance abuse, and school performance as reported by participants…

Brunnberg, Elinor; Bostrom, Margareta Linden; Berglund, Mats

2012-01-01

127

Disability Services Office Pre-registration Form (for new students requesting an appointment)  

E-print Network

Disability Services Office Pre-registration Form (for new students requesting an appointment) Name Physical ­ functional mobility impaired Learning Disability ADHD/ADD Other: __________________________________ Student Number: ___________________ Phone Number: __________________________ Email

Ellis, Randy

128

Disability Services Office Pre-registration Form (for new students requesting an appointment)  

E-print Network

Disability Services Office Pre-registration Form (for new students requesting an appointment) Name Medical Physical ­ functional mobility impaired Learning Disability ADHD/ADD Other: __________________________________ Student Number: ___________________ Phone Number: __________________________ Email

Linder, Tamás

129

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Children, adolescents, and young adults diagnosed with a learning disability have a constellation of symptoms that result\\u000a in significant functional impairments. Youth who experience learning disabilities may also have additional behavioral symptoms\\u000a that complicate diagnosis. Early recognition and intervention may have significant impact on long-term positive outcomes.\\u000a Interventions include behavioral academic, psycho-educational, as well as individual and family therapy. This

Helen D. Pratt; Donald E. Greydanus

130

Certification Of Psychological Disability Disabled Students' Program  

E-print Network

Certification Of Psychological Disability Disabled Students' Program University of California: 510-643-9686 The student named below has applied for services from the Disabled Students' Program (DSP of the student's psychological disability. Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 and Section

Jacobs, Lucia

131

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

132

Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet uses hypothetical case examples to illustrate the definition, causal theories, and specific types of learning disabilities (LD). The cognitive and language performance of students with LD is compared to standard developmental milestones, and common approaches to the identification and education of children with LD are outlined.…

Neuwirth, Sharyn

133

No Place for Hate Hate crimes and incidents in further and  

E-print Network

, former Liberation, Research and Development Officer (Disabled Students) · Kat Luckock, Interfaith or city life. This positive experience can be destroyed when disabled students are targeted by antisocial many disabled students live in fear of being the victims of hate incidents. It also highlights the fact

134

Managing collateral disability in the disability continuum.  

PubMed

Emotional responses of parents of children with physical disabilities are not clearly addressed in the disability definition and therefore rarely addressed in the course of assessment and management of the disabled patient by the physiotherapists. In the provision of family-centred care for disabled persons, the impact of disablement on every member of the family including carers should be reviewed. This would assist in furthering the bio-psychosocial model of care. This paper briefly outlines the most common emotional responses and collateral disablement experienced by parents of children with disabilities (CWD) and the implications of this to physiotherapy in the family-centred care. PMID:24498673

Useh, U

2013-11-01

135

Distress or Disability? Proceedings of a symposium held at  

E-print Network

across a lifespan Shelly Briggs and Fiona Cameron 43 Which model of disability can include voice hearing, mobile meanings, and a new social model? Alan Beattie 77 Some thoughts towards seeking a new service

Meju, Max

136

75 FR 38877 - Transportation for Individuals With Disabilities: Passenger Vessels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...policies to ensure treatment for disabled passengers...issue concerns the treatment of mobility aids...indoors, designed for and used by individuals...drug addiction and alcoholism; (iv) The phrase...functions such as caring for one's self,...

2010-07-06

137

Disabled people assistance by a semiautonomous robotic system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objective of rehabilitation robotics is to fully or partly restore the disabled user's manipulative function by placing a robot arm between the user and the environment. Our assistance system is composed of a control-command station for the disabled person and a manipulator arm mounted on a mobile robot. The main constraints of such peculiar systems are flexibility to

Samir OTMANE; Etienne COLLE; Malik MALLEM; Philippe HOPPENOT

2000-01-01

138

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc. 2005 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) helped more children, more parents and more educators than ever before. Through their programs, information services, and policy initiatives, they raised awareness, mobilized advocates, and took action to help ensure that learning disabilities are identified and addressed early and…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2006

2006-01-01

139

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

Information For Disabled And Dyslexic Students. #12;1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia Support and advice. WHAt iS tHe DiSAbility AnD DySlexiA SuppOrt Service (DDSS)? Information for disabledStreet Western Bank The Disability and Dyslexia Support Service University of Sheffield Tram Stop Postal Address

Oakley, Jeremy

140

Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

1994-01-01

141

Incident reporting.  

PubMed

Healthcare delivery is a risky business. People view the NHS in the same light as other commercial businesses such as the hotel, retail and airline industries. The White Paper 'The New NHS: Modern, Dependable' (Secretary of State for Health, 1997) places statutory responsibilities on managers and clinicians to provide a quality service and to have accountability for clinical governance and performance management. Quality and risk are two sides of the same coin, i.e. if you have good quality you have low risk, and this firmly supports the clinical effectiveness agenda. Healthcare organizations in all sectors of care delivery need to demonstrate their high levels of achievement and commitment to continuous quality improvements. Risk management is a process for identifying, assessing and evaluating risks which have adverse effects on the quality, safety and effectiveness of service delivery, and taking positive action to eliminate or reduce them. Having an open, honest and blame-free organization which is open to improving processes and systems of care is a big step towards having staff who are committed to quality and getting things right. Near-miss, incident and indicator recording and reporting are cornerstones of any quality and risk management system. PMID:9709060

Wilson, J

142

Every year, many temporarily and permanently disabled students attend UC Santa Barbara. Student Affairs'  

E-print Network

Every year, many temporarily and permanently disabled students attend UC Santa Barbara. Student Affairs' Disabled Students Program (DSP) ensures that these students always receive the same core support to students with documented long-term or temporary disabilities, including both visible (mobility issues

California at Santa Barbara, University of

143

Wake Up Call: Pregnant and Parenting Teens with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pregnancy among all teenagers is a major challenge facing the United States. A literature review indicated little research on the incidences of pregnancy and parenting among teenagers with disabilities, similarities and differences in their educational needs when compared to their non-disabled peers, and how programs address their specific…

Jones, Karen H.; Woolcock-Henry, Constance O.; Domenico, Desirae M.

2005-01-01

144

Digital Transition Portfolios for Secondary Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transition services for secondary students with disabilities are defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) as a coordinated set of activities contained in a results-oriented process to improve educational and functional outcomes. The most popular strategy used to prepare secondary students with high-incidence

Black, Jenn

2010-01-01

145

Risk Behaviors for Varying Categories of Disability in NELS:88  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large body of research shows that youth with disabilities, who comprise about 13% of the country's school-aged population, report comparable to higher incidence rates of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use than their peers. Furthermore, youth with disabilities who reported ATOD use or who engaged in binge drinking had significantly more…

Hollar, David

2005-01-01

146

Linking C-Reactive Protein to Late-Life Disability in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic inflammation, measured by interleukin-6, predicts incident disability among elderly people. However, little is known about the relation of C-reactive protein (CRP) to disability. Method Participants (>60 years old, N = 1680) were from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2002. Disability in activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), leisure and social activities (LSA), lower extremity mobility (LEM), and general physical activities (GPA) was obtained by self-report. Peak muscle power was the product of isokinetic peak leg torque and peak force velocity. Functional limitations were evaluated via habitual walking speed, which was obtained from a 20-foot timed walk. CRP levels were quantified by using latex-enhanced nephelometry. Results Elevated CRP levels were associated with disability in IADL, LSA, LEM, and GPA, independent of basic demographics, chronic medical diseases, health behaviors, as well as nutritional markers. The corresponding odds ratios of disability for each standard-deviation increase in natural-log-transformed CRP were 1.18 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02–1.35), 1.18 (95% CI, 1.00–1.39), 1.17 (95% CI, 1.03–1.33), and 1.17 (95% CI, 1.05–1.31), respectively. The relationship diminished after additional adjustment of leg power and/or walking speed, meaning that impairment in leg power and limitations in gait speed likely mediate the association between CRP and disability. CRP had an inverse relationship to leg power and walking speed. Likewise, additional adjustment for leg power substantially diminished the association between CRP and walking speed, suggesting a mediating effect of power between CRP and gait speed. Conclusions Independent of chronic diseases, elevated CRP is associated with multiple domains of disability through mediation of muscle power, habitual gait speed, or both. Future research is needed to understand CRP as a risk factor for disability in older populations. PMID:16611705

Kuo, Hsu-Ko; Bean, Jonathan F.; Yen, Chung-Jen; Leveille, Suzanne G.

2008-01-01

147

Understanding a Need...Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Prevention for People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides an overview of alcohol and other drug abuse prevention, disability, and the relationship between the two issues. It cites the incidence of alcohol and other drug abuse among people with disabilities. It looks at alcohol and other drug abuse risk factors that are disability related, such as medication use, chronic pain,…

VSA Educational Services, Washington, DC. Resource Center on Substance Abuse Prevention and Disability.

148

Using Virtual Reality To Teach Disability Awareness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design and evaluation of a desktop virtual reality program that was developed to teach children about the accessibility and attitudinal barriers encountered by their peers with mobility impairments. Investigated attitudes, grade levels, familiarity with individuals with a disability, and gender. (Author/LRW)

Pivik, Jayne; McComas, Joan; Macfarlane, Ian; Laflamme, Marc

2002-01-01

149

Cognitive Apprenticeship into the Discipline: Helping Students with Disabilities Think and Act Like Historians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the apprenticeship of students with high-incidence disabilities into the discipline of history through mediation of a web-based instructional environment, the Virtual History Museum (VHM). Thirteen students with high-incidence disabilities spread across two co-taught classrooms participated. They engaged in two units of…

Bouck, Emily C.; Okolo, Cynthia M.; Englert, Carol Sue; Heutsche, Anne

2008-01-01

150

Aversive disablism: subtle prejudice toward disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being ‘respected and included as equal members of society’. In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the term aversive disablism is

Mark Deal

2007-01-01

151

Disability Equality Scheme Disability Equality Scheme  

E-print Network

hindering the achievements of students or staff. Our approach to disability equality is shaped by the social and disclosure are more pronounced. Consultation with disabled staff and students can also be problematic as we students during their time at the RCA. Provision for disabled staff is managed by the Personnel Department

Subramanian, Sriram

152

Disability Studies The disabilities movement motto,  

E-print Network

administration � Disability and accessibility policy analysis Excellent Student Support In addition to dedicated an undergraduate academic appointment in their second year of studies and beyond where students will work closely the motivation for the Disability Studies program. www.uwindsor.ca/disabilitystudies Disability Studies can lead

153

Maltreatment and Developmental Disabilities in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this review is to explore the interactive influences of maltreatment and disabilities on children's development, and to provide practical suggestions about what may be done to optimize developmental outcomes. The review briefly describes maltreatment in the general population, noting incidence, proportions of children experiencing different types of maltreatment, and special risk for very young children. The disproportionate

Susan Vig; Ruth Kaminer

2002-01-01

154

Otitis Media in Young Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in 14 children (ages 8-66 months) with developmental disabilities attending center-based childcare. Although younger children had more OME than older children, children with Down syndrome had the highest incidence of OME regardless of age. Implications of OME for fluctuating…

Zeisel, Susan A.; Roberts, Joanne E.

2003-01-01

155

Movement, Mobility, and Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical inactivity is increasingly recognized as a public health problem due to the increased risks for chronic diseases and disabling physical conditions that limit movement and mobility in adults. During the past 15 years, public health activities have focused on understanding factors that influence physical activity behaviors and in identifying ways to minimize physical inactivity. Efforts have focused on conducting

Barbara E. Ainsworth

2005-01-01

156

Gifted learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to 30 per cent of gifted students display a learning disability, with 10 per cent reading at two or more years below their grade level. They are referred to as being ?gifted learning disabled’ or as having the dual exceptionalities of giftedness and learning disabilities. For these students, their learning disability is more likely to be recognised and targeted

John Munro

2002-01-01

157

Considering powered mobility for individuals with stroke.  

PubMed

Power mobility is an option that provides many disabled individuals with a means of locomotion. Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in this country. Unfortunately, there is currently a lack of published material that expounds on power mobility as it relates to clients who have had a stroke. We will present the benefits and considerations for choosing power wheelchairs for this client population. A brief review of seating and mobility evaluation and funding considerations is included with an emphasis on specific issues concerning stroke clients. Finally, a call for further research on this topic is presented. PMID:15118971

Canning, Brenda; Sanchez, Garret

2004-01-01

158

Body image among eating disorder patients with disabilities: a review of published case studies.  

PubMed

While individual cases of eating disorder (ED) patients with disabilities have been reported, there has been little synthesis of their experiences of body image and thin idealization. This study reviews 19 published clinical reports of ED patients with sensory, mobility-related, or intellectual disabilities and evaluates the extent to which their experiences align with or challenge current conceptions of body image in ED. ED patients with visual impairment reported a profound disturbance of body image, perceived intersubjectively and through tactile sensations. Reducing dependence in mobility was an important motivation to control body size for ED patients with mobility-related disabilities. ED as a way of coping with and compensating for the psychosocial consequences of disability was a recurrent theme for patients across a range of disabilities. These experiential accounts of ED patients with disabilities broaden current understandings of body image to include touch and kinaesthetic awareness, intersubjective dynamics, and perceptions of normalcy. PMID:24958662

Cicmil, Nela; Eli, Karin

2014-06-01

159

Predicting disabilities in daily functioning in older people with intellectual disabilities using a frailty index.  

PubMed

Frailty is a state of increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes compared to others of the same age. People with intellectual disabilities (ID) are more frequently and earlier frail compared to the general population. Frailty challenges much of health care, which will likely further increase due to the aging of the population. Before effective interventions can start, more information is necessary about the consequences of frailty in this, already disabled, population. Here we report whether frailty predicts disabilities in daily functioning. Frailty was measured with a frailty index (FI). At baseline and follow-up activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and mobility were collected by informant report. For 703 older people with ID (?50 yr) baseline and follow-up measures were known. Multivariate linear regression models were used to predict ADL, IADL and mobility at follow-up. The FI was significantly associated with disabilities in daily functioning independent of baseline characteristics (age, gender, level of ID, Down syndrome) and baseline ADL, IADL or mobility. The FI showed to be most predictive for those with relative high independence at baseline. These results stress the importance for interventions that limit the progression of frailty and, thereby, help to limit further disability. PMID:24950014

Schoufour, Josje D; Mitnitski, Arnold; Rockwood, Kenneth; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I M; Evenhuis, Heleen M; Echteld, Michael A

2014-10-01

160

Disabilities: Federal and State Public Policy What is disability?  

E-print Network

Disabilities: Federal and State Public Policy What is disability? Disability's right to fully participate in all aspects of American life. Our nation has and/or physical impairments, manifested before age 22. What is disability

Bordenstein, Seth

161

How to Evaluate Disability  

PubMed Central

A disability assessment for non-therapeutic reasons is the most common evaluation requested of treating psychiatrists. Mental disorders affect approximately 20 percent of Americans each year. People who are unable to work need some financial assistance. As part of the system, it’s our goal to assist them in this process. When a disability claim is filed, psychiatrists take into account the individual’s impairments and disabilities. A psychiatrist’s evaluation of disability involves knowledge and experience. There are many ethics related challenges, especially when performing disability evaluation of their own patients. Disability training should therefore be part of residency curriculum for training of psychiatry residents. PMID:23785336

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D.

2013-01-01

162

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks  

E-print Network

Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks Mobile IP Prof. Chansu Yu Quiz What is the role of IP? Does the router have two IP for Wired Network Mobile IP Overview Basic Mobile IP Agent Discovery Registration Tunneling Route

Yu, Chansu

163

Benefits for Children with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits for adults disabled since childhood . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Applying for SSI payments or SSDI benefits ... Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits for adults disabled since childhood The SSDI program pays benefits to adults who ...

164

T:\\PTSData\\ParkingRequest\\Disabled Permit Disabled Student Services  

E-print Network

T:\\PTSData\\ParkingRequest\\Disabled Permit Disabled Student Services Temporary Disabled Person-4533 Temporary Disabled Person permits will be issued after completion of Section II by Disabled Student Services): ____________________________ __________________________________________ Applicant Signature and Date SECTION II -- PERMIT INFORMATION (To be completed by Disabled Student Services

de Lijser, Peter

165

General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

166

Disability and Obesity  

MedlinePLUS

... CDC Employees and Reasonable Accommodations (RA) Disability and Obesity Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir Overweight and ... and Disability at http://www.ncpad.org/ The Obesity Epidemic Obesity affects different people in different ways ...

167

Access of Mobile IP Users to Firewall Protected VPNs Marc Danzeisen and Torsten Braun  

E-print Network

of standard protocols (IPSec and Mobile IP) and initial performance results are discussed. Keywords: Mobile IP. This authentication is realized with IPSec. SecMIP uses an IPSec tunnel to protect the Mobile IP tunnel passing, the mobile node disables the old IPSec tunnel, which was been established from an older location using an old

Braun, Torsten

168

INCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORT DEPARTMENT: LOCATION OF INCIDENT  

E-print Network

/ILLNESS: NATURE OF INJURY/ILLNESS: TIME ON TASK: PERSON REPORTING INCIDENT: OBJECT/EQUIPMENT/SUBSTANCE INVOLVED SUBSTANCE STRUCK BY FALL ON SAME LEVEL REPETITION HEAT/COLD CORROSIVES CAUGHT IN/ON FALL TO BELOW BODILY TRAINING RELEVANT TO THE ACTIVITY INVOLVED? YES NO WITNESSES TO THE INCIDENT (NAME AND CONTACT NUMBER): #12

Waterloo, University of

169

Aversive Disablism: Subtle Prejudice toward Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being "respected and included as equal members of society". In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the…

Deal, Mark

2007-01-01

170

EVACUATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE  

E-print Network

disabled staff and students to make themselves known. This is to enable their safety during: · Identify the number of disabled staff and students and where they will be in the building · ImplementEVACUATION OF DISABLED PEOPLE (Document under constant review) HEALTH & SAFETY UNIT JANUARY 2008

171

Including users with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This SIG will begin the information exchange on designing for disabilities for professionals who have not formally considered disabled communities as part of their user\\/subject base before. Until recently, only professionals working in the area of assistive technologies\\/devices focused on design for people with disabilities. However, more applications, software, products and services that have typically been targeted at the general

Lea T. Adams

2000-01-01

172

Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

Goodley, Dan

2011-01-01

173

Science and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reactions to H. Lee Swanson's paper "Toward a Metatheory of Learning Disabilities" are outlined, and his arguments are applied to reading disabilities, focusing on the importance of the scientific attitude, the misuse of ecological validity, interpretation of Thomas Kuhn's work, modularity and reading disability, and scientific progress toward a…

Stanovich, Keith E.

1988-01-01

174

Disability Action Plan Establishment  

E-print Network

and Student Services through Disability Advisors, Heads of the Student Learning Centre, Health, Counselling, TAFE and students with disabilities on the University's access programs and general services for students with disabilities. · Continue to consider applications to vary standard entry requirements

175

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

;1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service? 2. How to contact us 3. Applying to the University to provide additional information and advice. WHAt iS tHe DiSAbility AnD DySlexiA SUppOrt Service (DDSS Hounsfield Road Durham Road ClarksonStreet Western Bank The Disability and Dyslexia Support Service

Dixon, Peter

176

Philosophy meets disability.  

PubMed

The question "what is disability" and its implications are addressed in a new book Arguing about disability: philosophical perspectives, which aims to fill the gap between disability studies and philosophy. The structure of the book has been organised roughly on the basis of three branches of philosophy: metaphysics, political philosophy and ethics. One of the main themes of the book is the characterisation of a third way of thinking about disability, a way between two extremes, the medical and social models of disability. PMID:19717697

Louhiala, P

2009-09-01

177

IIT CRD Handbook Physical, Neuro, Mobility Impair Documentation Guidelines Page 1 of 1 Physical Conditions, Neurological Conditions, or Mobility  

E-print Network

accommodations on the basis of mobility, systemic, or disease-related disabilities. Students are encouraged guidelines describe the necessary components of acceptable documentation for students requesting elements: 1. Identification of the disabling condition(s). 2. An evaluation provided by a qualified

Heller, Barbara

178

Disability Social History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Disability Social History Project preserves, examines, and shares the history and culture of disabled persons. This community project provides opportunities for people with disabilities to conceptualize a group identity, advocate civil rights, and provide resources that educate the public about disabilities. The four major sections include: a timeline--spanning from 3500 BC to the present--that chronicles events in disability history; a people section offering brief biographies of famous disabled people, including, among others, Harriet Tubman, Franklin Roosevelt, and Frida Kahlo; a News & Events area that posts recent news items, a schedule of arts and cultural events, and a list of conferences and calls for papers; and an annotated webliography directing visitors to related sites. In addition, the proceedings of Changing Borders, a recent meeting of women with disabilities, is also available at the site.

179

Filicide-suicide involving children with disabilities.  

PubMed

Filicide-suicide, or murder of a child by a parent followed by suicide, has an unknown incidence in both the general and disabled population. As there is no national database, the authors examined known associated factors and newspaper reports to characterize filicide-suicide victims and perpetrators involving children with disabilities. A newspaper search was conducted using LexisNexis and NewsBank: Access World News databases through the University of California, Irvine Library's Web site. Age, gender of child and parent, method used, and diagnoses of parent and child were recorded. Twenty-two news articles were found describing a total of 26 disabled children as victims of filicide-suicide between 1982 and 2010. Eighty-one percent of children killed were male, and 54% were autistic. Thirty percent of perpetrators had a reported mental illness. Male children or children with autism may be at risk for filicide-suicide, but accurate record keeping is needed to determine the incidence and risk factors and aid in its prevention in the disabled population. PMID:22826515

Coorg, Rohini; Tournay, Anne

2013-06-01

180

Disability Resource Centre: Support and advice for disabled students  

E-print Network

Disability Resource Centre: Support and advice for disabled students #12;#12;1 About the Disability service for disabled students and those staff supporting them. The objectives of the DRC are to: n provide advice and guidance for prospective and current disabled students to enable them to access a wide range

Steiner, Ullrich

181

Disability on Irish farms--a real concern.  

PubMed

Farmers operate within hazardous environments while conducting their day-to-day tasks, potentially resulting in injury or disability. Disability can serve as a major life-changing event for the farmer, the farm family, and the farm business. In Ireland, the agricultural sector reported the highest incidence of disability, yet there is relatively little known on the impact of agricultural-based disability. In 2007, a questionnaire was appended to the Teagasc (Irish Agricultural and Food Development Authority) National Farm Survey to obtain some metric of the prevalence and impact of disability on Irish farms, in addition to quantifying service/support requirements of farm operators experiencing disability. Almost 5.9% (approximately 6611) of Irish farm operators reported disability, primarily caused through illness/disease. Arthritis (31.4%), back problems (17%), and heart circulatory problems (12.5%) were most frequently reported. The lowest prevalence of disability was found among tillage (1.4%) and dairy (4.1%) farms, with the highest prevalence among cattle farms (7.1%). Family farm income was lower on disability-experiencing farms relative to nondisability farms (123 euros per hectare), with a lower participation in off-farm employment also identified. Many farm operators (approximately 20%) ceased off-farm employment following disability. Discontinuation of off-farm employment can further precipitate family farm income decline, but also place additional pressures on the farm business if quality services/supports are not available. The current provision of services/supports to farm operators experiencing disability is perceived largely insufficient across the entire service/support spectrum from when disability was first experienced through to retirement. Awareness and issues surrounding eligibility were the primary reasons for failing to avail of currently available service/supports. PMID:19437272

Whelan, Shane; Ruane, Dermot J; McNamara, John; Kinsella, Anne; McNamara, Angela

2009-01-01

182

Support for Students with Disabilities in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing services for students with disabilities, it is important to emphasize that this term encompasses a variety of physical and cognitive challenges faced by individuals, including learning disabilities such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), mobility impairment, hearing/visual…

Zarkesh, Maryam

2004-01-01

183

Work Status and Work Performance of People With DisabilitiesAn Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the U.S. economy is thrust into the global economy and meets global economic competition, the country needs to mobilize people with disabilities to participate in the labor force and enable them to work and earn money optimally. Therefore, it is important to investigate the extent to which disability affects the employment rate and the levels of hourly wages and

Martha N. Ozawa; Yeong Hun Yeo

2006-01-01

184

A Wheelchair User with Visual and Intellectual Disabilities Managing Simple Orientation Technology for Indoor Travel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persons with profound visual impairments and other disabilities, such as neuromotor and intellectual disabilities, may encounter serious orientation and mobility problems even in familiar indoor environments, such as their homes. Teaching these persons to develop maps of their daily environment, using miniature replicas of the areas or some…

Lancioni, Giulio E.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Campodonico, Francesca; Oliva, Doretta

2009-01-01

185

Evaluation of an Application for Making Palmtop Computers Accessible to Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Palmtop computers provide a promising mobile platform to address barriers to computer-based supports for people with intellectual disabilities. This study evaluated a specially designed interface to make navigation and features of palmtop computers more accessible to users with intellectual disabilities. Method: The specialised…

Stock, Steven E.; Davies, Daniel K.; Davies, Katelyn R.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2006-01-01

186

Injuries and Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adults with disabilities are at an increased risk of injury. Falls are the leading mechanism of injury regardless of the disability status and are even more common in those with moderate or severe disabilities. The setting for the injury differs with the disability status. Compared to individuals with moderate or no disabilities,…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Chaudhry, Ramiz A.

2009-01-01

187

Political Science Theory and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability has emerged as an important social and political issue since the mid–twentieth century. Largely through the efforts of the disability rights movement, dramatic shifts have occurred in society's understanding of the nature of disability, disabled people's roles, and the content of public policies to address disability. Theories from the discipline of political science can enhance our understanding of the

Sara E. Kimberlin

2009-01-01

188

77 FR 4047 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control Special Emphasis Panel (SEP): Initial Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control...Animal-Human Interface of Influenza and Other Zoonotic Diseases in Vietnam, IP12-002, The Incidence of...

2012-01-26

189

Hypertension Among US Adults by Disability Status and Type, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2010  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of hypertension among people with disabilities is not well understood. We combined data from the 2001–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to obtain estimates of hypertension prevalence by disability status and type (cognitive, hearing, vision, or mobility limitation) and assess the association between disability and hypertension. Overall, 34% of adults with disabilities had hypertension compared with 27% of adults without disabilities; adults with mobility limitations were more likely to have hypertension than adults without disabilities (adjusted prevalence ratio: 1.23; 95% confidence interval: 1.16–1.32). Our results suggest that adults living with disabilities are an important subpopulation to include in hypertension reporting and intervention efforts. PMID:25121351

Courtney-Long, Elizabeth; Gillespie, Cathleen; Armour, Brian S.

2014-01-01

190

Programming for Mentally Retarded and Learning Disabled Inmates: A Guide for Correctional Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource manual is intended to assist correctional agencies in developing or upgrading educational and support services for adult inmates with retardation or learning disabilities. Following an introductory section, section 2 summarizes definitions and symptoms of mental retardation and learning disabilities, identifies their incidence among…

Coffey, Osa D.; And Others

191

Sexual Abuse of Individuals with Disabilities: Prevention Strategies for Clinical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities occurs in alarming proportions, although the prevalence and incidence of such abuse is difficult to determine. Although all states maintain statistics on child sexual abuse, the rate of victimization for individuals with disabilities is not specific. This paper reviews several studies conducted on…

McEachern, Adriana G.

2012-01-01

192

Identifying Expressions of Pleasure and Displeasure by Persons with Profound and Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The aim of this study was to explore a procedure for drafting individualised profiles of how people with profound multiple disabilities express pleasure and displeasure. Method: There were 6 participants with profound multiple disabilities. The procedure involved an observational analysis of videotaped critical incidents by a…

Petry, Katja; Maes, Bea

2006-01-01

193

Culture and Disability Behavior  

PubMed Central

A substantial amount of literature suggests that illness behavior in the United States is a product of a patient's core culture; equally credible findings do not support this contention. Most students and graduates in the health care professions believe that illness and disability behavior are affected by a patient's culture, but they are hard put to find convincing examples of that relationship. In experience with medical students studying the social and cultural bases of illness behavior, with patients who are disabled and with persons who claim disability in the absence of physical disease or disabling psychopathology, I observed no deviant disability behavior that was typical for the members of any cultural group, and no behavior was displayed by the members of one cultural group that was not seen in members of other cultural groups. No cultural stereotypes were upheld. I did find evidence that disability behavior is influenced by personality factors, social situations and the gains derived from the disability status. Evolving concepts of “entitlement,” which are closely related to socioeconomic status, also have a significant influence. The impact of feedback from others in a person's many social and medical subcultures is a more crucial determinant of illness and disability behavior, except in those for whom illness and disability behavior is determined by the limitations imposed by the disease or by a personality structure resistant to cultural expectations and social feedback. PMID:6666106

Brodsky, Carroll M.

1983-01-01

194

Disability: a welfarist approach  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we offer a new account of disability. According to our account, some state of a person's biology or psychology is a disability if that state makes it more likely that a person's life will get worse, in terms of his or her own wellbeing, in a given set of social and environmental circumstances. Unlike the medical model of disability, our welfarist approach does not tie disability to deviation from normal species’ functioning, nor does it understand disability in essentialist terms. Like the social model of disability, the welfarist approach sees disability as a harmful state that results from the interaction between a person's biology and psychology and his or her surrounding environment. However, unlike the social model, it denies that the harm associated with disability is entirely due to social prejudice or injustice. In this paper, we outline and clarify the welfarist approach, answer common objections and illustrate its usefulness in addressing a range of difficult ethical questions involving disability. PMID:22140353

Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

2011-01-01

195

Disability and global development.  

PubMed

The United States invests billions of taxpayer dollars each year into foreign assistance programs that foster international diplomacy and development directed toward improving the quality of life for people around the world. These programs develop economies and combat poverty, promote democracy and governance, build new infrastructure, advance and protect human rights, among other development goals. The United States cannot effectively accomplish the goals of foreign assistance programs unless it undertakes measures to ensure that the programs are accessible to and inclusive of people with disabilities. The United States has been a leader in advancing the rights of people with disabilities and must continue to promote disability rights through its international development work. Overseas economic development will not be successful unless people with disabilities are included. Because of the significant number of people with disabilities in developing countries, if they are not included, the very economic growth the United States is trying to foster will be hindered. The goals of democracy and governance programs cannot be achieved without the inclusion of people with disabilities. In many countries, domestic law contains blatant discriminatory provisions for people with disabilities that undermine access to justice and full participation in society. The provisions that discriminate against people with disabilities include arbitrary exclusions in electoral codes, sweeping plenary guardianship laws with no due-process protections, discriminatory banking practices, and inaccessible court proceedings. National disability legal frameworks remain underdeveloped throughout the world. PMID:22726852

Durocher, Joan; Lord, Janet; Defranco, Allison

2012-07-01

196

Etiological Survey on Intellectual Disability in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The etiology of intellectual disability was studied both in incident (n = 9,432) and prevalent (n = 9,351) populations in a one-year birth cohort born in Northern Finland in 1985-1986. Data from multiple sources were used to follow the children until the age of 11.5 years. Of the incident cases (n = 119) with intellectual disabilities, 66.4% had…

Heikura, Ulla; Linna, Sirkka-Liisa; Olsen, Paivi; Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa; Taanila, Anja; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta

2005-01-01

197

Disability Employment Awareness Month: Census Bureau Data on Disability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau observes October as Disability Employment Awareness Month with statistics pertaining to disabled employees in the United States workforce. Almost one in five Americans, or 54 million, report that they have some kind of disability; 26 million say their disability is severe. During the employable years, between the ages of 21 and 64, 82 percent of non-disabled Americans held jobs or businesses, as compared with 77 percent of those with nonsevere disabilities, and 26 percent of Americans with severe disabilities. In 1991, only 23 percent of Americans with severe disabilities had jobs, representing a three percent rise.

198

DISABILITY OFFICE Statement of Service  

E-print Network

and professional information and guidance service for potential and enrolled students with disabilities, specific to claim Disabled Students' Allowances Advice and assistance on organising academic support of your student experience Disability Office #12;o Special examination arrangements o Academic support

Martin, Ralph R.

199

Research into Telecommunications Options for People with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with a disability do not have equitable access to the modern telecommunication medium. Many experience difficulty typing, handling the phone, dialing, or answering calls. For those who are unable to speak, the only option is to type messages using whatever functional control site exists on their body. The provision of accessible mobile

Nguyen, Toan; Garrett, Rob; Downing, Andrew; Walker, Lloyd; Hobbs, David

2007-01-01

200

Assistive Communication Device for Cognitive Disability and Spastic Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication has been a major problem for children with cognitive disabilities and spastic children. They are unable to effectively communicate their needs to their parents and caretakers. Modern advancements in communication technology, with increased capabilities of mobile phones, provide scope to design assistive technologies for these children. In this paper, we describe the design of a smartphone based communication device

Niranjan Uma Shankar; Varun Sarma Velamuri; Prasanna Venkatesan; Samarth Deo

2011-01-01

201

Ubiquitous Yet Unique: Perspectives of People With Disabilities on Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study was grounded in a qualitative framework and used a focus group method to examine the meanings that individuals with disabilities (e.g., permanent mobility impairments, sensory impairments) attach to their experiences of stress, as well as major sources or causes of stress in these individuals' lives. Overall, the data showed…

Iwasaki, Yoshitaka; Mactavish, Jennifer B.

2005-01-01

202

Dads and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue focuses on the relationship of fathers and their children with disabilities. It reports a study of 86 Kansas fathers of children (ages 5 to 8) with and without disabilities. The study was conducted in order to identify more options for fathers wishing to increase their involvement with their children. The study sent surveys of…

Higgins, Cindy, Ed.

1995-01-01

203

The Disabled: Media's Monster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the early nineteenth century to the present, horror, gangster, and adventure films, television, the comics, and newspapers have shown physical and mental disabilities to connote murder, violence, and danger. Such false portrayals have promoted negative public attitudes toward people with disabilities. (Author/MJL)

Bogdan, Robert; And Others

1982-01-01

204

Cart Service Daytime Disability  

E-print Network

service for UA affiliates with a temporary or perma- nent disability who require transportation around locations, see inside map. When does the Cart Service operate? Hours of operation are Monday through Friday and meet the following requirements: - Individuals with permanent disabilities should contact

Wong, Pak Kin

205

Learning Disabilities: Lifelong Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains papers on learning disabilities based on presentations made at the "Summit on Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility," held in September 1994. The first section provides an overview and includes "The State of Research" (G. Reid Lyon). The second section focuses on education and includes: "Preventing Early Reading…

Cramer, Shirley C., Ed.; Ellis, William, Ed.

206

Disability Employment 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. Employers can make sound business decisions and gain a competitive advantage by using this guide to increase the…

US Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

207

Are Learning Disabled Students \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has indicated that students in many cases can answer reading comprehension test questions correctly without having read the accompanying passage. The present research compared, in two experiments, the ability of learning disabled (LD) students and more typical age peers to answer such reading comprehension questions presented independently of reading passages. In Study 1, learning disabled students scored appreciably

Thomas E. Scruggs; Steve Lifson

1986-01-01

208

Individual Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following workshop presentations consider learning disabilities: "Educational Goals of the Perceptually Handicapped" by Marianne Frostig, "Remediation of Reading Problems" by Gilbert Schiffman, "Early Identification of Learning Disabilities" by Katrina de Hirsch, and "What Are Some Speech and Hearing Considerations? by John Irwin. (JD)

Frostig, Marianne; And Others

209

Information For Disabled  

E-print Network

the Disability and Dyslexia Support Service. The Service facilitates students' full inclusion in academic life and Dyslexia Support Service? 3 2. How to contact us 4 3. Applying to the university and accessing support 5 a/from the University 30 l. Securing personal care support 31 Index 32 #12;3 1. What is the Disability and Dyslexia

Li, Yi

210

Disciplining Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discipline in schools can be difficult, especially when dealing with students with disabilities. In fact, Clash (2006) reported that working with students with disabilities under stringent legal demands has become a source of stress for many principals. The typical principal has not received extensive preservice or inservice training in this area.…

Burton, Janieth

2012-01-01

211

Information Incident Response Procedure  

E-print Network

Information Incident Response Procedure Authority The Information Incident Response Procedure (IIRP) is authorized under the UWM Information Security Policy S59; section III-D (http://www4.uwm Information Security Office, and UWM Internal Audit. This document will be reviewed and updated annually

Saldin, Dilano

212

Psychological Adjustment and Family Functioning of Boys with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent reports of behavioral and family functioning for 59 learning-disabled (LD) boys and 65 nondisabled boys aged 6-12 years found higher incidence of behavior problems among LD boys. Families of LD boys more frequently exhibited disturbed family functioning, although the boys in those families showed no more behavior problems than boys of other…

Michaels, Carolyn R.; Lewandowski, Lawrence J.

1990-01-01

213

Vitamin D and Fractures in People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: People with intellectual disability (ID) are thought to be at an increased risk of fractures. The extent of this increase in risk has been incompletely documented in the literature, and the underlying reasons remain to be elucidated. Methods: The aims of our study were to document the vitamin D status and fracture incidence in an…

Vanlint, S.; Nugent, M.

2006-01-01

214

Using iPads with Students with Disabilities: Lessons Learned from Students, Teachers, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile technology has increased greatly in recent years. Although the research in this area is still in its infancy, preliminary studies are showing a positive impact on the skills and academic engagement of students with disabilities. This column provides an overview of a selection of research studies involving mobile devices such as…

Draper Rodríguez, Cathi; Strnadová, Iva; Cumming, Therese

2014-01-01

215

OPTIONAL FORM: Documenting Disability Disability Resource Center  

E-print Network

a diagnosis, rule out emotional, attention, or motivational problems that might interfere with academic to support requested accommodations. The information you provide will become part of the student the student in an academic setting. 5. If this student is taking medications(s) for his or her disability

Fay, Noah

216

Defining Incident Cases of Epilepsy in Administrative Data  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine the minimum enrollment duration for identifying incident cases of epilepsy in administrative data. Methods We performed a retrospective dynamic cohort study using Ohio Medicaid data from 1992–2006 to identify a total of 5,037 incident epilepsy cases who had at least 1 year of follow-up prior to epilepsy diagnosis (epilepsy-free interval). The incidence for epilepsy-free intervals from 1 to 8 years, overall and stratified by pre-existing disability status, was examined. The graphical approach between the slopes of incidence estimates and the epilepsy-free intervals was used to identify the minimum epilepsy-free interval that minimized misclassification of prevalent as incident epilepsy cases. Results As the length of epilepsy-free interval increased, the incidence rates decreased. A graphical plot showed that the decline in incidence of epilepsy became nearly flat beyond the third epilepsy-free interval. Conclusion The minimum of 3-year epilepsy-free interval is needed to differentiate incident from prevalent cases in administrative data. Shorter or longer epilepsy-free intervals could result in over- or under-estimation of epilepsy incidence. PMID:23791310

Bakaki, Paul M.; Koroukian, Siran M.; Jackson, Leila W.; Albert, Jeffrey M.; Kaiboriboon, Kitti

2013-01-01

217

Disability Service University of Glasgow  

E-print Network

and support disabled students as well as to promote disability equality within their School The role of DC effectively. The Role To be the central point of contact within the School for individual disabled students to relevant staff members and actioned, where appropriate. To refer students to the Disability Service

Guo, Zaoyang

218

Paralympic Athletes and “Knowing Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores non-disabled young people’s understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and value of capital afforded to Paralympic athletes and

Hayley Fitzgerald

2012-01-01

219

SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES  

E-print Network

SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES University of Nebraska Student Documentation of Disability To be eligible for disability-related services, students must syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and certain learning disorders. The University of Nebraska's Student

Farritor, Shane

220

Reflections on Growing Up Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book offers firsthand accounts of the experiences and perceptions of disabled persons, as well as the views of parents of disabled children. Entries include the following titles: "Reflections of Disabled Children" (J. Umbreit and D. Baker); "The Handicap That Had No Name" (D. Brown); "Orthopedically Disabled: Determination on Wheels" (D.…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

221

Paralympic Athletes and "Knowing Disability"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores non-disabled young people's understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and…

Fitzgerald, Hayley

2012-01-01

222

Mobile computing \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design competitions offer students an excellent way to gain hands-on experience in engineering and computer science courses. The University of Florida, in partnership with Motorola, has held two mobile computing design competitions. In Spring and Fall 2001, students in Abdelsalam Helal's Mobile Computing class designed killer apps for a Motorola smart phone.

S. F. Midkiff

2002-01-01

223

EBSCOhost Mobile  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosive growth in mobile technology coupled with widespread adoption among students, librarians, medical professionals, and corporate users means that research database providers need to be where the users are. EBSCO host Mobile was designed and developed to provide EBSCO host database users with a platform that makes the power of EBSCO host and its content highly accessible on the

Ron Burns; Sara Rofofsky Marcus

2010-01-01

224

Reaching the unreached: Mobile surgical camps in a remote village of Himachal Pradesh  

PubMed Central

Aims: The aim was to study the epidemiological factors responsible for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in poor women of the remote village Shillai, do their POP quantification staging, to study the variety of surgeries conducted in mobile surgical camps in this area. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of surgeries conducted in five mobile surgical camps in Shillai, Himachal Pradesh from 2009 to 2013, under “Project Prolapse”. Results: A total number of surgeries conducted in five camps from 2009 to 2013 were 490 including 192 gynecological surgeries. Eighty-two percent of gynecological surgery was conducted for POP. Poor nutritional status (mean weight 41.1 kg), multiparty (mean 3.5), early marriage (mean age 18.2 years), unassisted home deliveries (100%), premature bearing down (23.8%), early postpartum resumption of strenuous activity (54.7%) and smoking (33%) contribute to the high incidence of POP. Anterior compartment prolapse was seen in 99% of patients undergoing surgery while posterior compartment prolapse was seen in 4% of patients. Vaginal hysterectomy with anterior repair with culdoplasty was the most common procedure performed (73.4%), and vault suspension was done in 3.6% subjects. The complication rate was negligible. Conclusion: Uterovaginal prolapse is not only socially embarrassing and disabling; its surgical treatment is complex and costly too. The free mobile surgical camps under Project Prolapse in Shillai, Himachal Pradesh has provided relief to old neglected, disabled women suffering from prolapse in this remote village. Parallel counseling of women and dais for safe hospital delivery and training subordinates in prolapse surgery may help in addressing the problem of POP in this area in the long run. PMID:25317000

Bathla, Sonal; Verghese, George; Kalla, Vinod; Sharma, T. C.; Dam, Subrat; Agarwal, Nirmala; Balani, Sweta; Dhamija, Priti Arora; Agarwal, Deepa; Kumar, Praveen

2014-01-01

225

A Secure Operational Model for Mobile Payments  

PubMed Central

Instead of paying by cash, check, or credit cards, customers can now also use their mobile devices to pay for a wide range of services and both digital and physical goods. However, customers' security concerns are a major barrier to the broad adoption and use of mobile payments. In this paper we present the design of a secure operational model for mobile payments in which access control is based on a service-oriented architecture. A customer uses his/her mobile device to get authorization from a remote server and generate a two-dimensional barcode as the payment certificate. This payment certificate has a time limit and can be used once only. The system also provides the ability to remotely lock and disable the mobile payment service. PMID:25386607

2014-01-01

226

A secure operational model for mobile payments.  

PubMed

Instead of paying by cash, check, or credit cards, customers can now also use their mobile devices to pay for a wide range of services and both digital and physical goods. However, customers' security concerns are a major barrier to the broad adoption and use of mobile payments. In this paper we present the design of a secure operational model for mobile payments in which access control is based on a service-oriented architecture. A customer uses his/her mobile device to get authorization from a remote server and generate a two-dimensional barcode as the payment certificate. This payment certificate has a time limit and can be used once only. The system also provides the ability to remotely lock and disable the mobile payment service. PMID:25386607

Chang, Tao-Ku

2014-01-01

227

The effect of smoking on the duration of life with and without disability, Belgium 1997-2011  

PubMed Central

Background Smoking is the single most important health threat yet there is no consistency as to whether non-smokers experience a compression of years lived with disability compared to (ex-)smokers. The objectives of the manuscript are (1) to assess the effect of smoking on the average years lived without disability (Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE)) and with disability (Disability Life Expectancy (DLE)) and (2) to estimate the extent to which these effects are due to better survival or reduced disability in never smokers. Methods Data on disability and mortality were provided by the Belgian Health Interview Survey 1997 and 2001 and a 10 years mortality follow-up of the survey participants. Disability was defined as difficulties in activities of daily living (ADL), in mobility, in continence or in sensory (vision, hearing) functions. Poisson and multinomial logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the probabilities of death and the prevalence of disability by age, gender and smoking status adjusted for socioeconomic position. The Sullivan method was used to estimate DFLE and DLE at age 30. The contribution of mortality and of disability to smoking related differences in DFLE and DLE was assessed using decomposition methods. Results Compared to never smokers, ex-smokers have a shorter life expectancy (LE) and DFLE but the number of years lived with disability is somewhat larger. For both sexes, the higher disability prevalence is the main contributing factor to the difference in DFLE and DLE. Smokers have a shorter LE, DFLE and DLE compared to never smokers. Both higher mortality and higher disability prevalence contribute to the difference in DFLE, but mortality is more important among males. Although both male and female smokers experience higher disability prevalence, their higher mortality outweighs their disability disadvantage resulting in a shorter DLE. Conclusion Smoking kills and shortens both life without and life with disability. Smoking related disability can however not be ignored, given its contribution to the excess years with disability especially in younger age groups. PMID:25026981

2014-01-01

228

Grazing Incidence Optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When a beam of light is reflected from a mirror or DIFFRACTION GRATING the angle of incidence (?) is measured from the surface normal (perpendicular to the surface) to the light ray. If this angle is greater than about 80° the reflection is said to be at grazing incidence and the angle between the surface and the ray is called the grazing angle. The grazing angle is therefore ?g=90°-?. Optical sy...

Willingale, R.; Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

229

Appendicular Fractures: A Significant Problem among Institutionalized Adults with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study found a high incidence of nontraumatic fractures in adults with developmental disabilities living in a state-run facility, a 7.3% incidence among 391 adults. Factors associated with fractures included use of antiepileptic medication. Although bone mineral density (BMD) by heel ultrasound did not predict fracture, values were much lower…

Ryder, K. M.; Williams, J.; Womack, C.; Nayak, N. G.; Nasef, S.; Bush, A.; Tylavsky, F. A.; Carbone, L.

2003-01-01

230

Critical incidents in psychotherapy.  

PubMed

The critical-incident technique was used to obtain a list of patient behaviors that create special difficulties for the psychotherapist. The list was prepared by a group of seven clinicians during a series of meetings. Included in the list were such items as: insulting the therapist; coming late to the session; threatening suicide; and offering gifts. The list was given to 21 experienced psychiatrists who were asked to rate both the importance and the frequency of occurrence of each incident in their experience. The critical incidents could be divided into five major categories: threat of harm from the patient; criticism of the therapist or the therapy; occurrence of a major life crisis; attempts by the patient to seek friendship or seduction, and miscellaneous incidents, such as being consistently late. When ratings by the experienced psychiatrists were compared with those of 10 third-year psychiatric residents, it was found that the inexperienced psychiatrists in almost every case rated the incident as less important and more frequent than did the experienced clinicians. In terms of implications, knowledge of critical incidents in psychotherapy may provide a source of material for training purposes, may enable the development of modeling procedures for training in communication skills, and may encourage supervisors to focus attention on important therapeutic issues. PMID:8179030

Plutchik, R; Conte, H R; Karasu, T B

1994-01-01

231

Reciprocal Relations between Physical Disability, Subjective Health, and Atrial Fibrillation: The Framingham Heart Study  

PubMed Central

Background Atrial fibrillation (AF)-related symptoms and physical performance are relied upon to guide therapeutic management of patients with AF. We sought to understand whether AF predisposes to or is a result of physical disability and poor subjective health in the community. Methods We studied relations between physical disability (Rosow-Breslau Functional Health Scale), subjective health (self-report) and incident AF, and the converse, in the Framingham Heart Study. Results In 3609 participants (age 73±8 years, 59% women), a subset of 861 participants (24%) had prevalent physical disability at baseline. During 5.8±1.8 years follow-up, 555 participants (10-year age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate 13%) developed incident AF. Prevalent physical disability was related to incident AF (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.25; 95% CI, 1.02–1.54; P=0.03). In 3525 participants, prevalent poor subjective health (n=333) also was related to incident AF (n=552; multivariable-adjusted HR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.00–1.70; P=0.048). Conversely, in 2080 participants (age 69±6 years, 55% women), interim AF (n=106) was associated with newly reported physical disability (n=573) at a follow-up examination (multivariable-adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.58; 95% CI, 1.08–2.31; P=0.01). In 1954 participants, interim AF (n=96) likewise was related to newly reported poor subjective health (n=224; multivariable-adjusted OR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.10–3.02; P=0.02). Conclusions Physical disability and poor subjective health were related to incident AF in a community-based cohort. Conversely, interim AF was related to newly reported physical disability and poor subjective health. Since AF guidelines incorporate symptoms, it is essential to clarify the temporality and mechanisms linking physical disability, subjective health and AF. PMID:23816037

Rienstra, Michiel; Lyass, Asya; Murabito, Joanne M.; Magnani, Jared W.; Lubitz, Steven A.; Massaro, Joseph M.; Ellinor, Patrick T.; Benjamin, Emelia J.

2013-01-01

232

Time to disable DALYs?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) has rapidly gained in popularity in health policy, and considerable research resources are being allocated to this field. Proponents of DALYs suggest that the measure can be used both as a \\

CarlHampus Lyttkens

2003-01-01

233

DisabilityInfo.gov  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On August 28, 2002, President George W. Bush issued an executive memorandum as part of the New Freedom Initiative that directed all federal agencies to cooperate in building an interagency Web portal for people with disabilities, their families, employers, and the general public. As a result of this directive, DisabilityInfo.gov was developed to service these different groups. The site is divided into ten broad thematic areas, including housing, education, health, technology, and civil rights. Within each area, visitors can look through a number of press releases and links dealing with each area and, in many cases, specifically addressing the rights of the disabled. The site includes a search engine and, appropriately enough, is also available in several different versions, including a high-contrast version. Finally, the site also contains a number of federal grant opportunities for persons and organizations serving and working on behalf of the disabled.

234

Accommodation Information by Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... Disabilities Leg Impairment Lyme Disease Little Person Liver Diseases Lupus M Marfan Syndrome Mental Health Impairments Migraine Headaches Multiple Chemical Sensitivity or Environmental Illness Multiple Sclerosis Muscular Dystrophy Myasthenia ... Disease Post-Polio Syndrome Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Pregnancy ...

235

Disabilities Act in Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight true or false questions explore implications of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Topics include AIDS, drug abuse, undue hardship, reasonable accommodation, and company size affected by the law. (SK)

Daynes, Kristine S.

1990-01-01

236

Intimacy and Disability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication was designed as a guide for disabled people who are interested in developing and maintaining intimate relationships. It discusses self-image, body image, sexuality, meeting prospective partners, developing intimate relationships, and explo...

1982-01-01

237

Facts about Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... at a higher risk of also having an autism spectrum disorder. Low birthweight , premature birth, multiple birth, ... factors that may put children at risk for autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities. Learn more ...

238

Employees with Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... changes it to text on the computer screen Mathematics: An employee with a learning disability could have ... and efficiently. Use scratch paper to work out math problems Permit use of fractional, decimal, statistical, or ...

239

Drugs, discrimination and disability.  

PubMed

Whether addiction to prohibited drugs should be classified as a disability for the purposes of disability discrimination is a controversial question in Australia. The leading Australian case of Marsden v Human Rights Equal Opportunity Commission & Coffs Harbour & District Ex-Servicemen & Women's Memorial Club Ltd (HREOC, No H98/51, 30 August 1999); [2000] FCA 1619 concerned a disability discrimination complaint brought by Mr Marsden as a result of his treatment by the club. The case was brought as a public interest test case by the New South Wales Legal Aid Commission. Mr Marsden was on a methadone program at the time. The reasoning of the decision at the Federal Court opened the way for a finding that dependence on illegal drugs constituted a disability under disability discrimination legislation. The media reaction to the court's decision led to State and federal governments proposing legislation limiting legal protection from discrimination for people addicted to illegal drugs on the basis of their drug use. While the proposed federal legislation lapsed after objections from a coalition of medical, legal and other advocacy groups, the New South Wales legislation still provides that, in employment matters, it is not unlawful to discriminate against a person on the ground of disability if the disability relates to the person's addiction to a prohibited drug and the person is actually addicted to a prohibited drug at the time of the discrimination. The article details the sequence of events in the Marsden case, reflects on the role of public interest litigation in achieving social justice outcomes and suggests that Australia's recent ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 17 July 2008 should encourage legislators to review legislation which may have a discriminatory effect on people suffering from addictions. PMID:20169800

Gibson, Frances

2009-12-01

240

Leadership Development for Women with Disabilities: Key Issues and Strategies in Leadership Training and Successful Participation in Microcredit Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] In 1998 Mobility International USA (MIUSA) and the International Disability Exchange and Studies(IDEAS) 2000 Project awarded a fellowship funded by the U.S. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) to conduct a research project that would aim to examine questions of leadership development for women with disabilities, using data collected at MIUSA’s 1998 International Symposium on Microcredit for

Meenu Sikand

1998-01-01

241

Sports and disability.  

PubMed

Participation in recreational and competitive sports at an early age has long been touted as a positive influence on growth and development, and for fostering lifelong healthy lifestyles. The benefits of an active lifestyle include not only fitness, but the promotion of a sense of inclusion and improved self-esteem. These benefits are well documented in all populations, and their importance has been summarized in the recent Healthy People 2010 guidelines. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recently produced a summary statement on the benefits of activity for disabled children. They note that children with disabilities tend to have an overall lower level of fitness and an increased level of obesity. For this population, developing a lifelong desire to be active can be a simple means for limiting illness and much of the morbidity associated with sedentary lifestyles often associated with disability. For disabled youth, participation in disabled sports programs available nationally and internationally can be an effective means to promote such precepts. The goal of this focused review is to improve the learner's knowledge of the positive impact that active lifestyles can have on overall health in the disabled youth population and, as a result, modify their practice by incorporating recreational and competitive sport activities as part of improving overall patient care. PMID:20359679

Wilson, Pamela E; Clayton, Gerald H

2010-03-01

242

Mobile Website Overview Mobile Application Development Policy  

E-print Network

of University Communication May 29, 2012 #12;Mobile Web/Mobile App Development Policy Villanova University May .......................................................................................................................... 12 #12;Mobile Web/Mobile App Development Policy Villanova University May 29, 2012 Page 3 of 13 I accesses the mobile web. Native apps, in contrast, are permanently downloaded to mobile devices and must

Jackman, Todd

243

Mobile cinema  

E-print Network

This thesis develops techniques and methods that extend the art and craft of storytelling, and in particular enable the creation of mobile cinema. Stories are always constrained by the medium in which they are told and the ...

Pan, Pengkai, 1972-

2004-01-01

244

Designing a Community Study of Moderately to Severely Disabled Older Women: The Women's Health and Aging Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: This paper reports on the design of a community-based study focusing on the effects of prevalent and incident disease and other modifying influences, on changes in functioning among moderately and severely disabled elderly women over a 3-year period (the Women's Health and Aging Study (WHAS)). METHODS: An approach to conceptualizing and assessing disability which captured functional diffi- culty across

JUDITH D. KASPER; SAM SHAPIRO; JACK M. GURALNIK; KAREN J. BANDEEN-ROCHE; LINDA P. FRIED

245

14 CFR 382.127 - What procedures apply to stowage of battery-powered mobility aids?  

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.127 What procedures apply to...

2014-01-01

246

Persons with disabilities, cancer screening and related factors.  

PubMed

The scope of this article is to describe persons with disabilities (PwD) being subjected to cancer screening and the relationship between some social variables and inequalities in performing these tests. A cross-sectional study of cancer screening among PwD was conducted in 2007 with 333 participants interviewed in residence in 4 cities of São Paulo. Variables in the practice of cancer screening, disabilities, gender, age, income of main family breadwinner, ethnicity, use of health services, assistance required, private health insurance, and coverage by the family health program were studied. Frequencies, ?²-test, trend ?² percentages and the Odds Ratios (OR) were used for data analysis. 44% of PwD attended at least one cancer screening at the appropriate time. Persons with visual disabilities and with hearing disabilities were subjected to more screening examinations than those with mobility disabilities and women were attended in screening exams more than men. Persons between the ages of 21 and 60 reported cancer screening more frequently than those between 80 and 97 years of age. The outcomes indicate that PwD have different attitudes toward cancer screening according to the type of disability, gender, and age, which were the variables that directly influenced cancer screening exams. PMID:24263886

de Castro, Shamyr Sulyvan; Cieza, Alarcos; Cesar, Chester Luiz Galvão

2013-12-01

247

Bridging the Gap between Disability Studies and Disability Services in Higher Education: A Model Center on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional field of Disability Services in Higher Education and the academic discipline of Disability Studies share a perspective on disability that considers disability as a socially constructed phenomenon. Despite this common underpinning, there has been little effort or inquiry into the ways that disability services and Disability Studies…

Strauss, Alan L.; Sales, Amos

2010-01-01

248

Disability pension, employment and obesity status: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Disability pensions incur huge societal costs in many countries. In Sweden, the three greatest drivers of such productivity losses are musculo-skeletal, circulatory and psychiatric disorders, all closely associated with weight status. We identified 16 studies investigating the body mass index (BMI)-disability pension relation. In cross-sectional studies, a significantly greater proportion of obese compared with normal weight subjects were disability pensioners. In longitudinal studies, a J-shaped relation with BMI was generally found in both men and women of various ages. Different definitions of obesity status complicated interpretation, as several studies mixed the underweight and normal weight, which appear to have different disability pension risks. In middle-aged men, relative risks were elevated for circulatory causes only for the overweight and obese, while associations for mental disorders were similar in the underweight and overweight but much higher in the obese. In both sexes, monotonic increases and decreases were seen for circulatory and respiratory causes respectively. In intervention studies, reduced disability pension incidence and increased gainful employment were reported after surgery. In summary, BMI was significantly associated with disability pension, but the direction of causality may vary with underlying cause. Interventions had positive productivity effects in the morbidly obese, but whether this holds for the overweight remains to be proven. PMID:18518906

Neovius, K; Johansson, K; Rössner, S; Neovius, M

2008-11-01

249

Sports-related injuries in athletes with disabilities.  

PubMed

The number of athletes with disabilities participating in organized sports and the popularity of the Paralympic Games is steadily increasing around the world. Despite this growing interest and the fact that participation in sports places the athlete at risk for injury, there are few studies concerning injury patterns, risk factors, and prevention strategies of injuries in disabled athletes. In this systematic literature search and critical review, we summarize current knowledge of the epidemiology of sports-related injuries in disabled athletes and describe their characteristics, incidence, prevalence, and prevention strategies. The outcomes of interest were any injury, either an acute trauma or an overuse event. PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar were systematically searched and 25 of 605 identified studies met the inclusion criteria. Lower extremity injuries were more common in walking athletes, whereas upper extremity injuries were more prevalent in wheelchair athletes. The methodologies and populations varied widely between the studies. Few studies were sports or disability specific, which makes it difficult to determine specific risk factors, and few studies reported injury severity and prevention of injuries. Further longitudinal, systematic sports and disability specific studies are needed in order to identify and prevent injuries in athletes with disabilities. PMID:24422719

Fagher, K; Lexell, J

2014-10-01

250

RAPID INCIDENT RESPONSE FRAMEWORK  

EPA Science Inventory

Will discuss WERF Contract (RFP# 03-HHE-5PP), Protocols for the Timely Investigation of Potential Health Incidents Associated with Biosolids Land Application, as a member of the project advisory committee. The contractor, University of North Carolina, started work in early June, ...

251

Disability Studies, Disabled People and the Struggle for Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the relationship between the emergence of disability studies and the struggle for meaningful inclusion for disabled people with particular reference to the work of a pivotal figure in these developments: Len Barton. It is argued that the links between disability activism and the academy were responsible for the emergence of…

Oliver, Mike; Barnes, Colin

2010-01-01

252

Health screening for people with learning disabilities by a community learning disability nursing service in Northern Ireland.  

PubMed

Over the last 30 years there has been a considerable increase in the life expectancy of people with learning disabilities. This has resulted in changing patterns of morbidity and mortality and an increasing recognition of the health needs of people with learning disabilities. Major strides forward have been made in the reduction of preventable illnesses among the general population. However, among people with learning disabilities such illnesses have received only limited health promotion attention until recently. In the last decade major gaps have been identified in the ability of current primary health services to respond to the needs of people with learning disabilities. The need to respond effectively to this situation has been identified as a priority by the current United Kingdom Government. Following an overview of the literature in relation to the changing health profile of people with learning disabilities and the need for health screening, consideration is given to some of the key difficulties which may be encountered when attempting to utilize current primary health services. The analysis of data derived from the health screening of 373 people with learning disabilities by a community nursing service in Down and Lisburn Health and Social Services Trust reveals the need for further action in relation to cardiovascular status, sensory deficits, mobility and aspects of sexual health. PMID:10354244

Barr, O; Gilgunn, J; Kane, T; Moore, G

1999-06-01

253

Commentary on measuring disability.  

PubMed

This is a commentary on 5 articles in this issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that report on several related studies of new approaches to measuring disability. The project was grounded in theory, beginning with the development of a conceptual framework enhanced by a literature review and expert consultation within and outside of the Social Security Administration. The investigators then used item response theory to develop test items, which they organized into computer adaptive testing instruments and tested them for their psychometric properties. All in all, it is a groundbreaking set of studies and an enormously valuable contribution to the field. Hopefully it will also be tested as an alternative approach to assessing disability in the Social Security Administration disability benefits programs. PMID:23770279

Goldman, Howard H

2013-09-01

254

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

PubMed Central

The World Health Organizations International Classification of Diseases is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the ICD has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field, requiring that all “conditions” in the ICD be named as a “disorder.” This article discusses the effect of naming on how people with intellectual disability are perceived by others and how they perceive themselves. The importance of continuing to move the field toward the adoption of functional/person-environment fit models of disability is discussed. “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.”William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet (II, ii, 1–2) PMID:23537360

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2014-01-01

255

Women with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the National Women's Health Information Center offers a plethora of resources of interest to women with disabilities and those who work and live with them. Divided into topical areas such as abuse, parenting, and sexuality, the site has a range of information about different types of disabilities and how they may particularly affect women. Also provided is information on federal laws and regulations that protect those with disabilities as well as extensive lists of services and support resources. A section on statistics may prove especially useful to researchers and educators. This site has literally hundreds of helpful links and publications and will be useful to both the general public and professionals.

256

Essays on disability and employment  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays which examine the impact of public policy on labor market outcomes of those with disabilities. The first essay analyzes a microlending program for people with disabilities in ...

Thompkins, Allison V. (Allison Victoria)

2011-01-01

257

Guide to Disability Rights Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Act (ADA) The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, State and local government, ... the EEOC. Charges of employment discrimination on the basis of disability may be filed at any U.S. ...

258

Disability and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... patients with CFS. Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (Blue Book - September 2008) The SSA has prepared the Disability Evaluation Under Social Security (known as the Blue Book) to help physicians and healthcare professionals understand ...

259

People with Disabilities: Living Healthy  

MedlinePLUS

... this? Submit Button CDC Features People with Disabilities: Living Healthy Share Compartir If you are living with ... Internet. Tips for Leading a Long and Healthy Life Children and adults with disabilities are less likely ...

260

Contact Sport Concussion Incidence  

PubMed Central

Reference/Citation: Koh JO, Cassidy JD, Watkinson EJ. Incidence of concussion in contact sports: a systematic review of the evidence. Brain Inj.20031790191712963556. Clinical Question: What is the incidence of concussion in various contact sports? Data Sources: Studies for the review were found through a MEDLINE search (1985–2000) and by gathering and reviewing older articles referenced in the searched articles. The main terms that were included in the search were brain injuries, brain concussion, and incidence. Text words that were also included were mild traumatic brain injury, concussion, incidence, injury, and head injury, along with the names of 8 contact sports ( American football, boxing, ice hockey, judo, karate, tae kwon do, rugby, and soccer). Study Selection: For this review, concussion was defined as “a mild brain injury resulting from a direct blow to the head resulting in physiological changes in brain function.” Cohort studies with documented incidence of concussion in athletes from 8 identified contact sports were the target of the search. All studies of male and female athletes in any of the 8 contact sports, including practices and games and regardless of level of competition, were included in the study search. Possible articles for review were identified through a 3-step screening process. Article titles were initially screened by one of the authors. If the title seemed to be relevant to the purpose of the review, the abstract of the article was then screened for inclusion/exclusion criteria as the second step. To be included, studies had to relate to the incidence of injury to the head and brain, report results relevant to concussion, involve 1 of the 8 identified contact sports, and be published between 1985 and 2000. All systematic reviews about mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) or concussion were also included. Studies were excluded if they discussed concussion due to whiplash injury or concussion associated with spinal cord injury, facial bone fracture, or soft tissue injuries; if they reported prevalence, rather than incidence, of concussion; if they addressed chronic TBI; if they comprised case reports or letters to the editor; or if they lacked a denominator to determine risk rates. Finally, relevant and unknown articles from the abstract screening were reviewed again for the inclusion and exclusion criteria by an independent, outside party. Data Extraction: A general methodologic criteria design was used to critically appraise all articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This design appraised 11 study design and reporting criteria. In order for an article to be accepted into the systematic review, it had to meet at least the 5 mandatory criteria: description of the source population, appropriate description of inclusion and exclusion criteria, verifiable results from the raw data, differentiation of the incidence of injury between practice and game settings, and adequately measured denominator of population or person-time at risk. For each individual study, the 5 mandatory criteria listed above were rated with regard to whether they were included or addressed in the paper ( yes), were missing from the paper ( no), or were included but not described fully or in a way characterized by sound quality ( substandard). If any of the 5 mandatory criteria were rated no, the article was not evaluated any further. Data taken from these articles included sex, types of sessions in which concussion occurred, and numbers defining incidence of concussion within a contact sport. In some studies, rates were recalculated from the raw data in order to check accuracy, or if they were not presented in the published material, rates were calculated. These rates were recalculated with the denominator presented in the original study, athletes at risk for injury or time at risk for injury. Athlete-exposure was not defined in the review but is commonly used as the denominator in epidemiologic studies and represents one time in which an athlete takes part in a game or practice that expo

Tommasone, Beth A; Valovich McLeod, Tamara C

2006-01-01

261

Disability Policy Matters September 2012  

E-print Network

Disability Policy Matters DISABILITY AND WORK September 2012 Research Brief A joint publication with Disabilities Seeking Employment and PublicTransportation: Findings of a New Jersey Survey by Andrea Lubin Over -- with an emphasis on those related to public transit use -- hindering respondent job search and employment

Hanson, Stephen José

262

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews court cases in 1999 related to disability discrimination in higher education focusing on the Americans with Disabilities Act and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The "Garrett" case regarding Eleventh Amendment immunity is the case most likely to be significant in the development of the law of disability discrimination. (SLD)

Weber, Mark C.

2000-01-01

263

Disability Studies and Art Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article promotes the field of disability studies as a valuable resource for expanding art education's concept of disability and as a promising venue for interdisciplinary dialogue. While art education has persistently supported special education since its inception, disability advocacy has advanced in the past two decades toward…

Derby, John

2011-01-01

264

Familial Patterns of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedigree analysis of 12 young adults (9 of whom had learning disabilities) indicated that learning disability (LD) was strongly familial but that the type of disability (reading or math) was not directly inherited. Autoimmune disorders were significantly correlated with LD. In seven of the LD families, adults failed to overcome earlier reading and…

Smith, Sandra

1992-01-01

265

Resources to Support Disabled Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With 4 to 6 percent of all students in the nation's public schools classified as having specific learning disabilities, according to the Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA), most teachers can expect to have students who are learning disabled in their classrooms. This presents a challenge to teachers and administrators alike, who are…

Dessoff, Alan

2008-01-01

266

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning…

1994

267

Decoding, Reading, and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To clarify the role of decoding in reading and reading disability, a model of reading is proposed, which holds that reading equals the product of decoding and comprehension. Three types of reading disability are posited, resulting from an inability to decode (dyslexia), an inability to comprehend (hyperlexia), or both (reading disability).…

Gough, Philip B.; Tunmer, William E.

1986-01-01

268

Economic Theories of Disability Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within government social welfare policies and programs, disability has frequently been defined and addressed as an economic issue, linked to the ability (or inability) to work. This article comprises a brief review of literature concerned with economic theories related to disability, with a primary focus on public disability benefits. The explanatory theories of rational choice, supply and demand, and moral

Sara E. Kimberlin; Mary Ager

2009-01-01

269

Disability services: supporting international students  

E-print Network

Disability services: supporting international students #12;World rankings aside, word of mouth a particular higher education institution (HEI). Providing an inclusive environment for disabled international be taken to enhance equity in support for disabled students based on research findings from six Scottish

Mottram, Nigel

270

Literary Characters Who Are Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determines which specific disability categories appear most often in literature, when they appear, and which authors have contributed most to their appearance. Physical disabilities have been portrayed most often, followed by alcoholism and sensory disorders. Most portrayals of disabilities appeared between 1900 and 1949 and Charles Dickens wrote…

Byrd, Keith; And Others

1986-01-01

271

Specific Learning Disabilities: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook provides information to aid both regular and special education teachers in managing the curriculum for learning disabled students. Section I provides an introduction to the area of specific learning disabilities with chapters on the diagnostic process and on the distinction between slow learners and specific learning disabilities.…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Special Education Instructional Materials Center.

272

Using a Body-Fixed Sensor to Identify Subclinical Gait Difficulties in Older Adults with IADL Disability: Maximizing the Output of the Timed Up and Go  

PubMed Central

Objective The identification and documentation of subclinical gait impairments in older adults may facilitate the appropriate use of interventions for preventing or delaying mobility disability. We tested whether measures derived from a single body-fixed sensor worn during traditional Timed Up and Go (TUG) testing could identify subclinical gait impairments in community dwelling older adults without mobility disability. Methods We used data from 432 older adults without dementia (mean age 83.30±7.04 yrs, 76.62% female) participating in the Rush Memory and Aging Project. The traditional TUG was conducted while subjects wore a body-fixed sensor. We derived measures of overall TUG performance and different subtasks including transitions (sit-to-stand, stand-to-sit), walking, and turning. Multivariate analysis was used to compare persons with and without mobility disability and to compare individuals with and without Instrumental Activities of Daily Living disability (IADL-disability), all of whom did not have mobility disability. Results As expected, individuals with mobility disability performed worse on all TUG subtasks (p<0.03), compared to those who had no mobility disability. Individuals without mobility disability but with IADL disability had difficulties with turns, had lower yaw amplitude (p<0.004) during turns, were slower (p<0.001), and had less consistent gait (p<0.02). Conclusions A single body-worn sensor can be employed in the community-setting to complement conventional gait testing. It provides a wide range of quantitative gait measures that appear to help to identify subclinical gait impairments in older adults. PMID:23922665

Weiss, Aner; Mirelman, Anat; Buchman, Aron S.; Bennett, David A.; Hausdorff, Jeffrey M.

2013-01-01

273

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2012-04-01

274

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2010-04-01

275

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2011-04-01

276

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2014-04-01

277

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of...impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled...

2013-04-01

278

Parenting with a Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide discusses how adjusting to parenthood for some persons with physical disabilities requires additional accommodations. Changes in lifestyle, environmental adaptations and assistive technology may be necessary to make independent child care possible. Project Innovative Parenting (PIP) was developed with the purpose to empower…

Brock, Holly

1993-01-01

279

Math Learning Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article Dr. Kate Garnett defines five areas of math learning disabilities and provides suggestions on how adequate differentiated instruction and modifications can help students overcome these obstacles. The five areas are: Mastering Basic Number Facts, Arithmetic Weakness/Math Talent, The Written Symbol and Concrete Materials, The Language of Math, and Visual-Spatial Aspects of Math.

Garnett, Kate

1998-01-01

280

Health Professionals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to education from K-12 and into the college years, the literature is replete with stories of the accomplishments of youngsters and adults with any number of disabilities who surpassed the expectations of their families and teachers. Similarly, there are an increasing number of examples of young men and women with a range of…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Cinotti, Debra A.

2009-01-01

281

Obesity and Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While much of the industrialized world struggles for clues to the growing rise in obesity in their respective countries, researchers and service providers involved in understanding the health characteristics and health behaviors of persons with intellectual disability (ID) struggle with their own issues regarding the increased prevalence of…

Rimmer, James H.; Yamaki, Kiyoshi

2006-01-01

282

Disability Cause Lawyers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a vast and growing cause lawyering literature demonstrating how attorneys and their relationship to social justice movements matter greatly for law’s ability to engender progress. But to date, there has been no examination of the work of ADA disability cause lawyers as cause lawyers. Similarly, despite an extensive literature focused on the ADA’s revolutionary civil rights aspects and

Michael E. Waterstone; Michael Ashley Stein; David B. Wilkins

2012-01-01

283

Medication and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The clinical syndrome which relates most frequently to the reading-disabled child is the attention deficity disorder. The child psychiatrist will generally resort to medication only when behavioral management techniques have failed. The two most frequently used medications are Ritalin and Dexedrine, central nervous system stimulants. (JN)

Humphries, Laurie L.

1981-01-01

284

Societal Factors in Disablement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined data from a questionnaire concerning people with chronic health, emotional, mental, physical, and sensory impairments, and four respondent demographic and experiential characteristics to determine if 150 human service providers endorsed the premise that components of society disable people who are impaired. Results confirmed that…

Antonak, Richard F.

1985-01-01

285

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Health Organization's "International Classification of Diseases" ("ICD") is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the "ICD" has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field,…

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2013-01-01

286

Seminar on Reading Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the activities of a seminar on learning disabilities in reading other than those associated with gross intellectual or physical handicaps; includes recommendations arising from group discussions of teacher education, the problems of children of differing ethnic backgrounds, and the integration of theory and techniques of diagnosis,…

Hewitson, Mal

1978-01-01

287

Designing for the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implications of the merits of normality and independence for the disabled, and their relevance to architectural design criteria are discussed. The introduction reflects the philosophical approach to the design and construction of public buildings and housing. Nine principle sections provide data and recommendations on the following topics:…

Goldsmith, Selwyn

288

Poetry, Masculinities, and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

All persons with new disabilities must grieve and mourn aspects of their own identity, and engage in the process of re-authoring and developing new conceptions of self and living. This is particularly true for men whose identities are often anchored by traditional conceptions and traits of hegemonic masculinity, which often make seeking and receiving help difficult for many men. As

Riki Thompson; Rich Furman; Noel Shafi; Michelle Enterline

2012-01-01

289

Aging, Disability and Frailty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite multiple and often overlapping definitions of disability and frailty, both are common clinical characteristics of aged individuals though not identical. The geriatric syndrome of frailty is described as status of global impairment of physiological reserves involving multiple organ systems. The clinical correlate of frailty manifests as increased vulnerability, impaired capability to withstand intrinsic and environmental stressors, and limited capacity

Eva Topinková

2008-01-01

290

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The association between poverty and intellectual disability (ID) has been well documented. However, little is known about persons with ID who face circumstances of extreme poverty, such as homelessness. This paper describes the situation of persons with ID who were or are homeless in Montreal and are currently receiving services from a…

Mercier, C.; Picard, S.

2011-01-01

291

Obesity and intellectual disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much of the industrialized world struggles for clues to the growing rise in obesity in their respective countries, researchers and service providers involved in understanding the health characteristics and health behaviors of persons with intellectual disability (ID) struggle with their own issues regarding the increased prevalence of obesity in this segment of the population. What is particularly alarming is

James H. Rimmer; Kiyoshi Yamaki

2006-01-01

292

Mars Mobiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity introduces students to the basic features of the Mars landscape. Students locate the planets of the solar system on a diagram; look at pictures of Mars and describe the Martian landscape; describe landscape features of Earth, and compare those to what is found on Mars; and make mobiles showing features of the Martian landscape.

293

Mobility 2035  

E-print Network

addresses the mobility needs of the Study Area to the year 2035 in the following chapters: 1) Demographic Development 2) Scenario Analysis 3) Public Involvement 4) Bicycle System 5) Pedestrian System 6) Public Transportation 7) Roadway Needs 8... ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ES-1 SAFETEA-LU Planning Factors----------------------------------------------------------------- ES-2 Metropolitan Transportation Plan Mission Statement ------------------------------------- ES-3 Metropolitan Transportation Plan Goals...

San Antonio-Bexar County Metropolitan Planning Organization

2009-12-07

294

Health and Problem Behavior Among People With Intellectual Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Good health significantly improves a person's quality of life. However, people with intellectual disabilities disproportionately have more health problems than the general population. Further complicating the matter is that people with more severe disabilities often cannot verbalize health complications they are experiencing, which leads to health problems being undiagnosed and untreated. It is plausible these conditions can interact with reinforcement contingencies to maintain problem behavior because of the increased incidence of health problems among people with intellectual disabilities. This paper reviews common health problems influencing problem behavior and reinforcement processes. A clear implication of this review is the need for comprehensive functional assessments of problem behavior involving behavior analysts and health professionals. PMID:22532888

May, Michael E; Kennedy, Craig H

2010-01-01

295

Anchored Mobilities: Mobile Technology and Transnational Migration  

E-print Network

Anchored Mobilities: Mobile Technology and Transnational Migration Amanda Williams Donald Bren.m [Information Systems]: miscellaneous General Terms Design, Human Factors. Keywords Mobilility, mobile technology, transnational, aging, ethnography 1. INTRODUCTION Researchers in Human Computer Interaction have

Dourish,Paul

296

Robotic smart house to assist people with movement disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a new robotic smart house, Intelligent Sweet Home, developed at KAIST in Korea, which is based on several robotic agents and aims at testing advanced concepts for independent\\u000a living of the elderly and people with disabilities. The work focuses on technical solutions for human-friendly assistance\\u000a in motion\\/mobility and advanced human-machine interfaces that provide simple control of all

Kwang-hyun Park; Zeungnam Bien; Ju-jang Lee; Byung Kook Kim; Jong-tae Lim; Jin-oh Kim; Heyoung Lee; Dimitar H. Stefanov; Dae-jin Kim; Jin-woo Jung; Jun-hyeong Do; Kap-ho Seo; Chong Hui Kim; Won-gyu Song; Woo-jun Lee

2007-01-01

297

Injuries in physically disabled children.  

PubMed

Disability is a condition or function that is judged to be significantly impairing relative to the usual standard of an individual or group. The spectrum of musculoskeletal disabilities in children is immense and varied. Musculoskeletal disabilities are congenital or acquired; they affect a child partially or generally and can occur as a permanent or transient disability.Although injuries still represent a major concern for children and adolescents worldwide, studies focusing on injuries in physically disabled children are lacking. To detect musculoskeletal injuries, radiographs are frequently required. In disabled children the radiographic findings can detect the skeletal injury but also can present special radiographic findings of the underlying disease.This review offers an overview of different musculoskeletal disabilities and their related injuries as well as characteristic findings on radiographs. PMID:25350830

Kraus, Tanja; Singer, Georg; Wegmann, Helmut; Tschauner, Sebastian; Svehlik, Martin; Steinwender, Gerhard; Sorantin, Erich

2014-11-01

298

Incidence and Risk Factors of Neck Discomfort: A 6-month Sedentary-worker Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the six-month incidence and possible risk factors of neck discomfort among sedentary workers.\\u000a Methods: Data, including demographic characteristics, work history, psychological characteristics and prevalent neck discomfort of\\u000a 157 sedentary workers was collected by a questionnaire. A follow-up questionnaire was administered six months later to calculate\\u000a the incidence of symptoms and related disability. Results: The

Jau-Yih Tsauo; Yuh Jang; Chung-Li Du; Huey-Wen Liang

2007-01-01

299

Disability and Pap Smear Receipt Among U.S. Women, 2000 and 2005  

PubMed Central

Context Sexually experienced women are at risk of cervical cancer, one of the most common female reproductive cancers. Nearly 20% of U.S. women aged 18–64 have a disability, and disability is associated with health care access; however, the relationship between disability and Pap smear receipt remains underexplored. Methods Data on 20,907 women aged 21–64 from the 2000 and 2005 National Health Interview Surveys were used to investigate the relationship between disability and cervical cancer screening. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between disability and both women's receipt of a Pap smear and their receipt of a doctor's recommendation for a Pap smear in the past year. Results Having a disability was negatively associated with Pap smear receipt (odds ratio, 0.6). Compared with women with no disabilities, those with mobility limitations and those with other types of limitations had reduced odds of having received a Pap smear (0.5–0.7). Disability was positively associated with having received a recommendation for a Pap smear (1.2); however, among women who had received a recommendation, those with disabilities had reduced odds of having received a Pap smear (0.5). Among women who had not received a Pap smear, 31% of those with disabilities and 13% of others cited cost or lack of insurance as the primary reason. Conclusions The negative relationship between Pap smear receipt and multiple types of disability suggests barriers beyond the human-made physical features of the environment. Efforts to reduce inequalities in reproductive health care access should consider the needs of women with disabilities. PMID:21126302

Rivera Drew, Julia A.; Short, Susan E.

2013-01-01

300

Enterprise Incidents Issue 5  

E-print Network

-SC6lpress G?nterprise GJncidents 5 a STAR TREK , fanzine ENTERPRISE INCIDENTS Stor-i .. " and Artwork by Lor,..-"in .. Goodi .. on D .. dicated to ",y ",oth",r, .. ho n .. v .. r l." ..

Goodison, Lorraine

1984-01-01

301

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. Images Fig. 4 PMID:7479816

Levitt, H

1995-01-01

302

The Modification of Educational Equipment and Curriculum for Maximum Utilization by Physically Disabled Persons; Design of a School for Physically Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elements of modified school design for the physically disabled are considered, including mobility, classrooms, science laboratories, applied skill areas, the library, the swimming pool, and sanitary facilities. Also discussed are the cafeteria (food service, seating, and other considerations), recreational areas (play grounds,…

Yuker, Harold E.; And Others

303

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

304

FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY  

E-print Network

with cerebral palsy, with spastic and athetoid features. The child's gross motor mobility is limited to rolling1 FEASABILITY OF A MOBILE ROBOT WITH ALTERNATIVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CHILD WITH CEREBRAL PALSY]. In the case of cerebral palsy, the most common cause of motor disability in children, the estimation ranges

Stansfield, Sharon

305

EL-E: an assistive mobile manipulator that autonomously fetches objects from flat surfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assistive mobile robots that autonomously ma- nipulate objects within everyday settings have the potential to improve the lives of the elderly, injured, and disabled. Within this paper, we present the most recent version of the assistive mobile manipulator EL-E with a focus on the subsystem that enables the robot to retrieve objects from and deliver objects to flat surfaces. Once

Advait Jain; Charles C. Kemp

2010-01-01

306

The Impact of Early Powered Mobility on Parental Stress, Negative Emotions, and Family Social Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility has been found to have positive effects on young children with severe physical disabilities, but the impact on the family has been less well documented. We evaluated the impact of early powered mobility on parental stress, negative emotions, perceived social interactions, and parental satisfaction with wheelchair characteristics…

Tefft, Donita; Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan

2011-01-01

307

Racist Incident-Based Trauma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racist incidents are potentially traumatizing forms of victimization that may lead to increased psychiatric and psychophysiological symptoms in targets. The magnitude of the problem of racist incidents in the United States is difficult to estimate; however, data from several sources permit the inference that the prevalence of racist incidents,…

Bryant-Davis, Thema; Ocampo, Carlota

2005-01-01

308

Disabling Radiological Dispersal Terror  

SciTech Connect

Terror resulting from the use of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) relies upon an individual's lack of knowledge and understanding regarding its significance. Disabling this terror will depend upon realistic reviews of the current conservative radiation protection regulatory standards. It will also depend upon individuals being able to make their own informed decisions merging perceived risks with reality. Preparation in these areas will reduce the effectiveness of the RDD and may even reduce the possibility of its use.

Hart, M

2002-11-08

309

Disability Does Not Discriminate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about the "it can't happen to me" mentality, which makes humans think they are physically invincible and have been guilty of thinking so. The author learned the danger of the "it can't happen to me" syndrome when she was disabled in a car accident in February 1994. The accident happened when she was 21 years old,…

Alexander, Amy Elizabeth

2008-01-01

310

ROBOTIC ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY FOR COMMUNITY-RESIDING OLDER ADULTS AND PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: AN INTER INSTITUTIONAL INITIATIVE FOR STUDENTS IN THE HEALTH AND TECHNOLOGY FIELDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

An educational initiative spawned from the Nursebot Project has brought together students in health care and technology from two universities to design, develop, and evaluate mobile robotic applications for older adults and persons with disabilities. Laboratory activities, field trips, and multidisciplinary group projects were used to complement didactic content regarding frailty, disability, and robotic assistive technology in our first offering

Judith Tabolt Matthews; Sebastian Thrun; Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob

311

The Canadian Adverse Events Study: the incidence of adverse events among hospital patients in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Research into adverse events (AEs) has highlighted the need to improve patient safety. AEs are unintended injuries or complications resulting in death, disability or prolonged hospital stay that arise from health care management. We esti- mated the incidence of AEs among patients in Canadian acute care hospitals. Methods: We randomly selected 1 teaching, 1 large community and 2 small

G. Ross Baker; Peter G. Norton; Virginia Flintoft; Régis Blais; Adalsteinn Brown; Jafna Cox; Ed Etchells; William A. Ghali; Philip Hébert; Sumit R. Majumdar; Maeve O'Beirne; Luz Palacios-Derflingher; Robert J. Reid; Sam Sheps; Robyn Tamblyn

2004-01-01

312

Late life depression and incident activity limitations: influence of gender and symptom Isabelle Carrirea,b,*  

E-print Network

1 Late life depression and incident activity limitations: influence of gender and symptom severity Background Mental disorders, especially depression, are one of the principal causes of disablement. Previous baseline depressive symptomatology and activity limitations were examined in a community-dwelling elderly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

313

14 CFR 382.125 - What procedures do carriers follow when wheelchairs, other mobility aids, and other assistive...  

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.125 What procedures do carriers...

2014-01-01

314

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

315

Disability And Health Care Spending Among Medicare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper forecasts the impact of changing disability rates on spending by Medicare beneficiaries. We adjust for differential changes in spending by the disabled be- cause the composition of the disabled population and the intensity of their treatment are changing. Among community-dwelling elderly, spending growth among the least disabled grew more quickly than among the most disabled, which offsets some

Michael E. Chernew; Dana P. Goldman; Feng Pan; Baoping Shang

316

Disability Services Registration Louisiana Tech University  

E-print Network

services from the Office of Disability Services, students must provide appropriate documentation of a disability. -Symptoms of the disability (a detailed description of how the disability affects the students.) -Test scores that support a medical, cognitive, or learning disability. -Medications and any adverse

Selmic, Sandra

317

Overcoming Challenges: "Going Mobile with Your Own Video Models"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video modeling has been shown to be an effective intervention for students with a variety of disabilities. Traditional video models present problems in terms of application across meaningful settings, such as in the community or even across the school environment. However, with advances in mobile technology, portable devices with video capability…

Carnahan, Christina R.; Basham, James D.; Christman, Jennifer; Hollingshead, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

318

Disability awareness for clinical staff.  

PubMed

While nurses and other influential groups in society pay lip-service to understanding and meeting the needs of physically disabled persons, disabled people continue to encounter lack of recognition, ignorance and prejudice. The author describes how one nursing college is attempting to create a better understanding of disability for its students and clinical staff, and discusses the issues which have inspired the course's design. PMID:8038067

Goodall, C J

319

This Is My Story: I've Got Cancer. "The Veronica Project": An Ethnographic Study of the Experiences of People with Learning Disabilities Who Have Cancer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As people with learning disabilities live longer, and the incidence of cancer is rising, it is of increasing importance to understand the lived cancer experience of this group. Consideration of the viewpoints of people with learning disabilities themselves will facilitate the development of cancer support services that are appropriate and…

Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene; Davies, John

2007-01-01

320

Summit on the National Effort To Prevent Mental Retardation and Related Disabilities. Summit Proceedings (Washington, D.C., February 6-7, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the proceedings of a summit to assess the adequacy of the U.S. effort to prevent mental retardation and related disabilities and to chart the course for future strategies to reduce the incidence and ameliorate the effects of these disabilities, particularly when caused by socioeconomic conditions. The document contains…

President's Committee on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.

321

Children with an Intellectual Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... shown by new problems, for instance in their behavior, eating and sleeping. Early diagnosis of psychiatric disorders in children with intellectual disabilities leads to early treatment. Medications ...

322

INSTITUTE ON DISABILITY Shared Vision  

E-print Network

of Correction. Examine and implement a systems approach to vocational rehabilitation which affects offender through Education and Rehabilitation Joint program: Institute on Disability Shelby County Division

Dasgupta, Dipankar

323

Cancer and the medicare disabled.  

E-print Network

??This dissertation examines relationships between cancer in working-age adults and enrollment in Medicare due disability. We examine whether cancer diagnosis and treatments affect enrollment in… (more)

Habermann, Elizabeth Anne

2008-01-01

324

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this hands-on OLogy activity, kids learn about matter by building their own models of carbon out of pipe cleaners, wire, and clay. The activity begins with a kid-friendly introduction to matter, elements, and atoms. The illustrated, step-by-step directions show how to use the information about carbon on the Periodic Table to create a mobile that shows the element's basic structure. A PDF version of the Periodic Table, along with a kid-friendly overview of how to read it, is also included.

325

Calif. mobile home park sued for trying to eject man with AIDS.  

PubMed

The U.S. Justice Department sued a California mobile home park for refusing to allow a man living with AIDS to continue living there under his mother's care. The Huntington Shorecliffs Mobile Home Park refused to waive its residency rules and tried to evict the mother. U.S. Attorney Nora M. Manella alleges that the mobile home park violated the Fair Housing Act by discriminating on the basis of disability. PMID:11363580

1996-06-28

326

The Disabled: Ready, Willing and Able.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act, which bans discrimination against the disabled by private-sector employers. Describes the hiring practices and experiences of several companies that have employed disabled people. (JOW)

Geber, Beverly

1990-01-01

327

Is there employment discrimination against the disabled?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using differences in the work limiting nature of a disability, employment discrimination against the disabled is separated from the unobserved effect of disability on productivity. The UK evidence suggests unobserved productivity differences are an important influence on the employment gap.

Melanie K. Jones

2006-01-01

328

University of Massachusetts, Lowell Student Disability Services  

E-print Network

University of Massachusetts, Lowell Student Disability Services One University Avenue, Cumnock C6 Verification Form Student Disability Services (SDS) is committed to providing equal access and reasonable accommodations, where appropriate, for qualified disabled students as covered under Section 504

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

329

Disability Access Route to Education application guide  

E-print Network

disabilities are eligible? Asperger's Syndrome/Autism ADD/ADHD Blind/Vision Impaired Deaf/Hearing Impaired Disabilities) Significant On going Illness Physical Disability Specific Learning Difficulty (incl. Dyslexia

O'Mahony, Donal E.

330

Association of Body Mass Index With Self-Report and Performance-Based Measures of Balance and Mobility  

PubMed Central

Background The incidence of obesity is increasing in older adults, with associated worsening in the burden of disability. Little is known about the impact of body mass index (BMI) on self-report and performance-based balance and mobility measures in older adults. Objective The purposes of this study were (1) to examine the association of BMI with measures of balance and mobility and (2) to explore potential explanatory factors. Design This was a cross-sectional, observational study. Methods Older adults (mean age=77.6 years) who participated in an ongoing observational study (N=120) were classified as normal weight (BMI=18.5–24.9 kg/m2), overweight (BMI=25.0–29.9 kg/m2), moderately obese (BMI=30.0–34.9 kg/m2), or severely obese (BMI?35 kg/m2). Body mass index data were missing for one individual; thus, data for 119 participants were included in the analysis. Mobility and balance were assessed using self-report and performance-based measures and were compared among weight groups using analysis of variance and chi-square analysis for categorical data. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to examine the association among BMI, mobility, and balance after controlling for potential confounding variables. Results Compared with participants who were of normal weight or overweight, those with moderate or severe obesity were less likely to report their mobility as very good or excellent (52%, 55%, 39%, and 6%, respectively); however, there was no difference in self-report of balance among weight groups. Participants with severe obesity (n=17) had the lowest levels of mobility on the performance-based measures, followed by those who were moderately obese (n=31), overweight (n=42), and of normal weight (n=29). There were no differences on performance-based balance measures among weight groups. After controlling for age, sex, minority status, physical activity level, education level, and comorbid conditions, BMI still significantly contributed to mobility (?=?.02, adjusted R2=.41). Conclusions Although older adults with severe obesity were most impaired, those with less severe obesity also demonstrated significant decrements in mobility. PMID:21680770

Wert, David M.; Hile, Elizabeth S.; Studenski, Stephanie A.; Brach, Jennifer S.

2011-01-01

331

Medication incidents reported to an online incident reporting system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims  Approximately 20% of deaths from adverse events are related to medication incidents, costing the NHS an additional £500 million\\u000a annually. Less than 5% of adverse events are reported. This study aims to assess the reporting rate of medication incidents\\u000a in NHS facilities in the north east of Scotland, and to describe the types and outcomes of reported incidents among different

Adel Alrwisan; Jennifer Ross; David Williams

2011-01-01

332

Comprehension of humor in children with nonverbal learning disabilities, reading disabilities, and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive,\\u000a and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities\\u000a (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a comparison group of children with no\\u000a learning disabilities to assess

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Kimberly Glass

2008-01-01

333

Disabilities Information Flow: A Disabilities Information Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabilities Information Flow (DIF) project at the University of St Andrews has sought to provide a means of efficiently managing all student disabilities information within the institution and provide appropriate role-based service interfaces for all staff who need to routinely interact with this information. This paper describes the software…

Ling, Bin; Allison, Colin; Nicholl, J. Ross; Moodley, Luke; Roberts, Dave

2006-01-01

334

HIV/AIDS, Disability, and Employment. Disability Statistics Report 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on HIV/AIDS, disability, and employment analyzes data from the AIDS Cost and Services Utilization Survey of 1991-1992, a longitudinal study of 1,949 HIV-infected men and women. The report examines the diagnostic history of people living with HIV and its relation to function, disability, and labor force participation over time. Study…

Sebesta, Douglas S.; LaPlante, Mitchell P.

335

Application form for a Campus Disabled Parking Permit  

E-print Network

spaces on campus for disabled staff members, disabled students and disabled visitors. Disabled visitors gate. To use these spaces, disabled students and disabled staff members need to apply for a disabled for a Campus Disabled Parking Permit Section A ­ your contact details: Name: Staff/Student ID number: Postal

Haase, Markus

336

Mobile video stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to test how different narrative structures work in mobile video storytelling applications for creative arts. Especially, we are interested in stories made with the mobile phone and for the mobile phone i.e. they are supposed to be viewed on the mobile phone. In addition, we present a new mobile social video service and demo

Jari Multisilta; Marjo Mäenpää

2008-01-01

337

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2013-07-01

338

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2011-07-01

339

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2012-07-01

340

Disability: Equality/Inequality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks at disabilities and inequalities in the United States. This activity uses five customized data sets made from the 1990 U.S. Census. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Hall, Robert T.

341

Managing Disability From Stroke  

PubMed Central

Strokes are the single greatest neurological cause of disability, yet many stroke patients do not ever reach a specialized stroke rehabilitation unit. For those remaining in the hospital to which they were first admitted, active medical involvement may decline dramatically once the diagnosis has been made. However, the family physician can play an active role in managing post-stroke patients, enhancing their functional recovery and achieving successful discharge back into the community. This article describes post-diagnosis management of stroke, discharge planning, and post-discharge follow-up. PMID:21267158

Clifford, John C.

1986-01-01

342

Deep vein thrombosis in the disabled pediatric population.  

PubMed

The incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the disabled pediatric population has rarely been studied. The purpose of our retrospective study was to define the incidence in patients younger than 18 years of age who were in a rehabilitation center. We reviewed the charts of 532 children admitted to the center from 1983 through 1987, and found a 2.2% overall incidence of DVT. The largest group of children under 18 of age with documented or suspected DVT was the group with spinal cord injuries (SCI). There were 87 SCI children, 67 of whom were between the ages of 15 and 18. Of the 67, 7 (10%) had DVT: 1 of the 20 SCI children under age 15 had DVT. There were single cases of DVT documented in children with: meningoencephalitis, arteriovenous malformation, closed head injuries, and Guillian-Barré syndrome. We studied the risk involved in treating DVT with heparin and formulated recommendations based on our findings. PMID:8129573

Radecki, R T; Gaebler-Spira, D

1994-03-01

343

Vision-based grasping of unknown objects to improve disabled persons autonomy  

E-print Network

have been tested and validated on robotics cells. Some have already been integrated into our mobile unstructured. Thus, the robotic system needs exterioceptive sensors to adapt its behavior to the current robotic assistance for people with disabilities. The rehabilitative robotic arms currently available

Boyer, Edmond

344

Toward an understanding of the needs of sport spectators with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the needs of sport consumers with disabilities attending live sporting events. Three research questions guided this exploratory study. The first research question sought to identify the physical and service needs of sport consumers with mobility impairments attending a live sporting event. The second research question investigated whether the needs of sport consumers

John M. Grady

2006-01-01

345

SCIM – spinal cord independence measure: a new disability scale for patients with spinal cord lesions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) is a new disability scale developed specifically for patients with spinal cord lesions in order to make the functional assessments of patients with paraplegia or tetraplegia more sensitive to changes. The SCIM includes the following areas of function: self-care (subscore 0 – 20), respiration and sphincter management (0 – 40) and mobility (0 –

A Catz; M Itzkovich; E Agranov; H Ring; A Tamir

1997-01-01

346

Autonomous robot technology for advanced wheelchair and robotic aids for people with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of robotic technology in assistive devices opens new opportunities for people with severe disabilities (tetraplegia, spinal cord injuries, etc.) at work and in their private homes. It can reduce social exclusion and assist social and vocational integration. Highly manoeuvrable wheelchairs for indoor use and wheelchair mounted arms are of particular importance. Due to their mobility, they are available

Christian Bühler; Ralf Hoelper; Helmut Hoyer; Wolfram Humann

1995-01-01

347

Feasibility of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of the Heel Bone in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Reduced mobility in case of motor impairment and the use of anti-epileptic drugs contribute to the development of low BMD. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement of the heel bone is a non-invasive and radiation-free method for measuring bone…

Mergler, S.; Lobker, B.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Penning, C.

2010-01-01

348

(Instrumental) Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Daily living skills are important to ageing adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of these skills in older adults with ID and to investigate the influence of gender, age, level of ID and mobility on these skills. Daily living skills were measured with the Barthel Index (for Activities of…

Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M.

2011-01-01

349

Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults at Risk for Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The number of older adults living in the United States continues to increase, and recent research has begun to target interventions to older adults who have mobility limitations and are at risk for disability. The objective of this study is to describe and examine correlates of health-related quality of life in this population subgroup using baseline data from a

Erik J. Groessl; Robert M. Kaplan; W. Jack Rejeski; Jeffrey A. Katula; Abby C. King; Nancy W. Glynn; Fang-Chi Hsu; Michael Walkup; Marco Pahor

2007-01-01

350

Learning Disabilities: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are six papers originally delivered at a colloquium series on the problems of the learning disabled child, with emphasis on a multidisciplinary perspective. In "One Psychologist's Perspective on Learning Disabilities," J. Kessler provides an overview of the field with sections on definition and identification, etiology, testing as a…

Zollinger, Ruth H., Ed.; Klein, Nancy K., Ed.

351

Disabled Superheroes in Comic Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reviews the role of "superhero" in comic books, finding five prominent characters with disabilities. He suggests that sales of these comic books are due, in part, to unique gimmicks in the character, but may also reflect increased acceptance within the society of successful disabled role models. (Author/CL)

Kokaska, Charles J.

1984-01-01

352

The World Report on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Report on Disability, a joint endeavor of the World Health Organization and the World Bank, launched in June 2011, is an astonishing achievement that will set the standard for disability studies research for evidence-informed policy for years to come. The product of collaborative and participatory work between organizations of persons…

Bickenbach, Jerome

2011-01-01

353

Disability disparities: a beginning model.  

PubMed

This paper presents a model of disability disparities. Though the concept of health disparities is discussed in the health care literature, there is no such model that explicitly addresses disparities in the disability literature. Therefore, this model begins to fill a void in the disability literature. Part of the value of such a model is that it represents an attempt to address the question of why cultural competency is important in the disability arena at this point in the 21st century. The urgency in addressing cultural competency at this time in history is supported by understanding the multiple accountability demands on rehabilitation and disability providers these days, e.g., increasing diversification of the United States population, that render providing effective services to everyone a clear mandate. The author provides a working definition of disability disparity. The disability disparity model is described in terms of its five-domain continuum as well as its macro- and micro-level aspects that are designed to both promote clarity of the concept for researchers and offer practitioners ideas on how to explore the existence of disability disparities in working with specific service recipients. Limitations and strengths of the model are discussed along with suggested next steps in model validation. PMID:19802930

Lewis, Allen

2009-01-01

354

The Learning Disabled Preschool Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two case studies involving preschool children with developmental learning disabilities (one with nystagmus and one with a hearing impairment) point to the need for appropriate ability as well as disability identification and assessment procedures (both had been diagnosed as mentally retarded) the potential of early diagnosis and intervention for…

Kirk, Samuel A.

1987-01-01

355

Welcoming and Supporting Disabled Students  

E-print Network

Welcoming and Supporting Disabled Students Into Physiotherapy THE CHARTERED SOCIETY OF PHYSIOTHERAPY Jane Owen Hutchinson and Karen Atkinson #12;1 Welcoming and Supporting Disabled Students Into Physiotherapy THE CHARTERED SOCIETY OF PHYSIOTHERAPY Jane Owen Hutchinson and Karen Atkinson #12;ISBN: 978 1

356

Persons'wi-th Disabilities  

E-print Network

TO TELECOMMUNICATIONS 36 A. Telephone Systems 36 B. Television Broadcasting 38 CHAPTER 5: EDUCATION 39 I. THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION 39 A. All Children With Disabilities Have a Right to a AFree, Appropriate, Public Education@ 39 B. The Law 39 C. A Free

357

Competitive sports for the disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

A full life experience for people with and without physical disabilities usually includes some form of recreation or sport. Competition adds to enjoyment of sport for many people and can improve morale. This paper reviews some of the competitive opportunities available for people with a physical disability. These include competition within existing \\

Mary Williams Clark

1980-01-01

358

A Feminist Theology of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability and long term incurable illness still attract a variety of demonisation and prejudice. This includes many of the same kinds of hostility that have faced women. Disabled people are blamed for their condition, regarded as bestial, grotesque and unclean. They are excluded from ritual spaces by Levitical law, modern prejudice and practical indifference. Feminist Theology has sometimes contributed to

Doreen Freeman

2002-01-01

359

Dyslexia: Problems of Reading Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this book is to provide an understanding of both the educational and medical aspects of reading and to show how they are interrelated in reading disabilities. The various aspects of reading disabilities are presented in the following chapters: Introduction to the Reading Problem; Early Predictive Studies; Psychological Evaluation;…

Goldberg, Herman K.; Schiffman, Gilbert B.

360

Disability and the Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is important for all children, but even more so for children with disabilities, whose social and economic opportunities may be limited. In this article, Laudan Aron and Pamela Loprest assess how well the nation's education system is serving students with disabilities. Aron and Loprest trace the evolution of the special education system…

Aron, Laudan; Loprest, Pamela

2012-01-01

361

Voices of Disability in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares her story of being a nurse with a disability who serves people with disabilities and older adults. She recounts her experience of what it is like to be stigmatized, marginalized, and to have lowered expectations because of her difference. The author had no right arm save about six inches from the shoulder down.…

Perkins, Liz

2009-01-01

362

Performing Determinism: Disability Culture Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Performing Determinism” discusses the performance of disability through poetry: the instability of language, the ability of words to clasp both generic and specific meaning, and the gaps that surround the performances of self. Disability culture acts as a frame for the inquiry, as the essay discusses crip aesthetics, crip critical practice, and the embodiment of language. In the reading of

Petra Kuppers

2007-01-01

363

A Model Disability Awareness Day.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an all-day conciousness raising program designed to teach elementary school students about the disabled. The program described consisted of oral presentations and a theater performance by disabled individuals; it was presented to 270 students at Mary A. Hubbard School in Ramsey, New Jersey. (GC)

Watson, Emily Strauss

1984-01-01

364

Statin Use and Incident Frailty in Women Aged 65 Years or Older: Prospective Findings From the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Inflammatory biomarkers have shown consistent associations with disability and frailty in older adults. Statin medications may reduce the incidence the frailty because of their anti-inflammatory effects. This study examines associations between current use, duration, and potency of statin medications and incident frailty in initially nonfrail women 65 years old or older. Methods. The authors conducted a prospective analysis of

Andrea Z. LaCroix; Shelly L. Gray; Aaron Aragaki; Barbara B. Cochrane; Anne B. Newman; Charles L. Kooperberg; Henry Black; J. David Curb; Philip Greenland; Nancy F. Woods

365

Virtual reality, disability and rehabilitation.  

PubMed

Virtual reality, or virtual environment computer technology, generates simulated objects and events with which people can interact. Existing and potential applications for this technology in the field of disability and rehabilitation are discussed. The main benefits identified for disabled people are that they can engage in a range of activities in a simulator relatively free from the limitations imposed by their disability, and they can do so in safety. Evidence that the knowledge and skills acquired by disabled individuals in simulated environments can transfer to the real world is presented. In particular, spatial information and life skills learned in a virtual environment have been shown to transfer to the real world. Applications for visually impaired people are discussed, and the potential for medical interventions and the assessment and treatment of neurological damage are considered. Finally some current limitations of the technology, and ethical concerns in relation to disability, are discussed. PMID:9195138

Wilson, P N; Foreman, N; Stanton, D

1997-06-01

366

Foster Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and youth in foster care are a vulnerable population. They are at risk for abuse, neglect, and permanent separation from birth parents and have a greater incidence of emotional and behavioral difficulties. This is not surprising because these children are abused, neglected, or abandoned by the very people who are supposed to love and care…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Lederman, Cindy S.

2007-01-01

367

Disability evaluation of fibromyalgia.  

PubMed

These cases represent individuals who feel they have a severe impairment and are "disabled." They have been labeled with fibromyalgia. They are truly distressed. Their symptoms, their courses, are more chronic and refractory than those of medically ill patients, and they are high users of medical services, laboratory investigations, and surgical procedures. These patients see multiple providers simultaneously and frequently switch physicians. They are difficult to care for, and they reject psychosocial factors as an influence on their symptoms. Such persons "see themselves as victims worthy of a star appearance on the Oprah Winfrey show. A sense of bitterness emerges...." Shorter, a historian, believes that fibromyalgia is "heaven-sent to doctors as a diagnostic label for pain patients who display an important neurotic component in their illness. Our culture increasingly encourages patients to conceive vague and nonspecific symptoms as evidence of real disease and to seek specialist help for them; and the rising ascendancy of the media and the breakdown of the family encourage patients to acquire the fixed belief that they have a given illness...." Regarding the finding of "disability," this is a social construct, and many authors believe it is society and the judicial system who must decide who can work. To remain objective, the physician should report the objective clinical information. Physicians need not and should not sit in judgment of the veracity of another human being. PMID:11478200

Wolfe, C V

2001-08-01

368

MOBILE PROXIMITY PAYMENT: ECOSYSTEM  

E-print Network

MOBILE PROXIMITY PAYMENT: ECOSYSTEM AND OVERVIEW OF NFC TECHNOLOGY 1. Introduction Handsets confirm and heterogeneous. The Mobile Payment ecosystem involves a number of partners, such as: · banks; · Mobile Network

Shamos, Michael I.

369

Defining disability: metaphysical not political.  

PubMed

Recent discussions surrounding the conceptualising of disability has resulted in a stalemate between British sociologists and philosophers. The stagnation of theorizing that has occurred threatens not only academic pursuits and the advancement of theoretical interpretations within the Disability Studies community, but also how we educate and advocate politically, legally, and socially. More pointedly, many activists and theorists in the UK appear to believe the British social model is the only effective means of understanding and advocating on behalf of people with disabilities. This model, largely reliant upon materialist research traditions, contends that disability is a form of social oppression and hence, is a phenomenon that should be conceptualised in social terms. Individual properties such as impairments are disregarded as they are viewed to be unimportant in the analysis of the social causes of disability. Concurrently, many bioethicists and philosophers have embraced what Tom Shakespeare has classified as an 'Interactional Approach' to disability--that "the experience of a disabled person results from the relationship between factors intrinsic to the individual, and the extrinsic factors arising from the wider context in which she finds herself". I intend to demonstrate that the benefits of the British social model are now outweighed by its burdens. I suggest, as Jerome Bickenbach has, that while it may be somewhat churlish to critique the social model in light of its political success, taken literally, it implies that people with disabilities require no additional health resources by virtue of their impairments. Despite the eloquent arguments that have preceded me by interactional theorists, none have been accepted as evidence of fallacious reasoning by British social model theorists. This article is an attempt to clarify why it is that the types of arguments British social model theorists have been offering are misguided. I suggest that the British social model, unlike an interactional approach, is unable to provide a realistic account of the experience of disability, and subsequently, unable to be properly utilized to ensure justice for people with disabilities. PMID:22481609

Riddle, Christopher A

2013-08-01

370

End of Life and Women Aging with a Disability  

PubMed Central

Abstract Approximately 21 million noninstitutionalized Americans with physical disabilities will ultimately face end-of-life [EOL] issues. Studies have documented disparate care and poorer outcomes for persons with preexisting disabilities who have life-limiting illnesses, which raises the question of how EOL experiences may differ for these individuals. The aim of this qualitative, descriptive study was to explore how EOL issues might emerge within the life stories of women aging with functional disabilities. Interview data were obtained from a larger, ongoing ethnographic study focused on the creation of an explanatory model of health disparities of disablement in women with mobility impairment. Each participant was interviewed three to four times using a life-course perspective that captures life trajectories and transitions experienced over time. For this analysis, 41 interviews were selected from 20 participants who discussed issues related to death and dying. Content analysis of the data revealed five analytic categories: death as a signpost, impact of others' deaths, deaths that affected personal insights and choice, EOL possibilities, and a personal brush with death. EOL issues were manifested in a variety of ways that revealed both determination to remain as independent as possible within the context of declining functional ability and uncertainty regarding the future. PMID:22536990

Zolnierek, Cynthia; Harrison, Tracie; Walker, Janiece

2012-01-01

371

[Evolution of disability and dependency. An international perspective].  

PubMed

In societies with a high level of population aging, the ability to live autonomously is a major goal of public health. The present article examines recent population-based studies analyzing a possible reduction in the prevalence of disability and provides evidence on the unmet needs of dependent individuals.In the last few decades, disability and reduced mobility have decreased in elderly persons living in high-income countries, including Spain. This decrease is clear in persons aged less than 85 years old but the trends in persons older than 85 years are difficult to study due to the lack of information. These trends depend on greater education among the population, a reduction in social and gender inequalities and the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits. A reduction in dependency also depends on changes in the physical and social environment to encourage active aging. The health gains in the generation aged between 40 and 65 years do not seem high. The reductions in disability in the next 25 years will not be as great as those observed between 1990 and the present time, except for a possible reduction in disability in women due to a decrease in gender roles. Dependence on help from third persons will tend to decrease, except in dementia. Use of technical aids is increasing and will continue to do so. PMID:22169442

Zunzunegui, María Victoria

2011-12-01

372

Hepatitis C Seroprevalence in an Institution for Residents with a Developmental Disability. Brief Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation was conducted in Australia of 156 individuals with developmental disabilities who were long-term clients of a residential institution, to determine the incidence of hepatitis C antibodies. Results indicated that none of the residents was seropositive and that hepatitis C is less prevalent than hepatitis B in residential…

Fraser, Eric

1996-01-01

373

The Perspectives of Urban Single Mothers on Raising Adolescents with Aggressive Behaviors Associated with Emotional Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single mothers of adolescents with emotional disabilities (ED) have a unique and sometimes difficult childrearing task. Researchers in some studies concluded that these children have a significantly higher incidence of school aggression than their peers from two-parent families. A substantive body of research explores parenting in families of…

Adewuyi, Olubade

2012-01-01

374

Prevalence of Psychopathology across a Service Population of Parents with Intellectual Disabilities and Their Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified and investigated the incidence of childhood trauma and psychopathology across a population of parents with intellectual disabilities (IDs) known to a parenting service in the United Kingdom over a 5-year period and examined the emotional and physical welfare of their children. Data were gathered from 49 parents with ID and 58…

McGaw, Sue; Shaw, Tom; Beckley, Kerry

2007-01-01

375

Markers for Aggression in Inpatient Treatment Facilities for Adults with Mild to Borderline Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In high care settings for persons with intellectual disability (ID) aggressive incidents often occur. Still little is known about factors that are associated with an increased risk for aggressive behavior in clients who are admitted to an inpatient treatment facility. In four inpatient facilities, 108 adults with mild and borderline ID and…

Tenneij, Nienke H.; Didden, Robert; Stolker, Joost Jan; Koot, Hans M.

2009-01-01

376

Medical and Behavioral Symptoms as Potential Medication Side Effects in Adults with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The incidence of medical and behavioral symptoms that could occur as side effects of psychotropic medication was assessed in a sample of 30 adults with developmental disabilities. Using a retrospective chart review method, we measured symptoms in six a priori classes of potential side effects over a 2-year period. The majority of side effects…

Valdovinos, Maria G.; Caruso, Mary; Roberts, Celeste; Kim, Geunyoung; Kennedy, Craig H.

2005-01-01

377

Cancer and Intellectual Disability: A Review of Some Key Contextual Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the health of people with intellectual disabilities has increasingly focused on the occurrence of cancer in this population. Information on the incidence and prevalence of cancer is reviewed in both institutional and community settings. Examples of environmental causation are considered including "Helicobacter pylori."…

Hogg, James; Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene

2008-01-01

378

Classification of types of tardive dyskinesia in a developmentally disabled population at a public residential facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated the incidence of three types of tardive dyskinesia (withdrawal, persistent, and masked) in the context of clinically determined changes in neuroleptic medication status in persons with developmental disabilities. We investigated 56 subjects residing at a public residential facility. Based on changes in neuroleptic dosage over a ten-month period, four groups were formed: (1) significantly decreased dose, (2) slightly

Tim Wigal; Diane L. Christian; Sharon B. Wigal; James M. Swanson; Francis M. Crinella; Steve Potkin; Dan Carreon; Valerie Ackerland; Donald B. Dean

1993-01-01

379

XXY: The Hidden Disability and a Prototype for an Infantile Presentation of Developmental Dyspraxia (IDD).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increased incidence of language-learning disabilities with dyslexia by school age. As infants and toddlers, these children have neuromotor and speech dysfunction within their first year. This article postulates that the language and motor dysfunction is caused by infantile presentation of developmental dyspraxia rather than a…

Samango-Sprouse, Carole; Rogol, Alan

2002-01-01

380

Papanicolaou Smear Screening of Women with Intellectual Disabilities: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although little is known about the incidence of cervical cancer in women with intellectual disabilities (ID), Pap smear screening is an effective public health program to prevent cervical cancer to this group of people. The purposes of this study were to identify and evaluate the factors regarding the utilization of the Pap smears in women with ID…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Lin, Jin-Ding; Sung, Chang-Lin; Liu, Ta-Wen; Liu, Yi-Lian; Chen, Li-Mei; Chu, Cordia M.

2010-01-01

381

Suggestibility and salience in people with intellectual disabilities: An experimental critique of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (GSS) assesses suggestibility by asking respondents to recall a short story, using leading questions and pressure to change their responses. Suggestibility, as assessed by the GSS, is elevated in people with intellectual disabilities. Unlike real life incidents, the information presented is of no personal significance to the respondent. The aim of the present study was

Richard White; Paul Willner

2005-01-01

382

Center Director Bridges visits Disability Awareness and Action working Group Technology Fair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Center Director Roy Bridges stops to talk to one of the vendors at the Disability Awareness and Action Working Group (DAAWG) Technology Fair being held Oct. 20-21 at Kennedy Space Center. With him at the far left is Sterling Walker, director of Engineering Development at KSC and chairman of DAAWG, and Nancie Strott, a multi-media specialist with Dynacs and chairperson of the Fair; at the right is Carol Cavanaugh, with KSC Public Services. The Fair is highlighting vendors demonstrating mobility, hearing, vision and silent disability assistive technology. The purpose is to create an awareness of the types of technology currently available to assist people with various disabilities in the workplace. The theme is that of this year's National Disability Employment Awareness Month, 'Opening Doors to Ability.' Some of the vendors participating are Canine Companions for Independence, Goodwill Industries, Accessible Structures, Division of Blind Services, Space Coast Center for Independent Living, KSC Fitness Center and Delaware North Parks Services.

1999-01-01

383

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities. Disability Policy Research Brief. Number 09-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to adulthood can be difficult for youth, particularly those who have disabilities severe enough that they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), or other disability program benefits. Besides the issues facing all transition-age youth, young people with disabilities face a host of…

O'Day, Bonnie; Stapleton, David

2009-01-01

384

The Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA): a robotic wheelchair with advanced mobility and manipulation.  

PubMed

The Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA) is a recently developed personal assistance robot developed to provide people with disabilities and older adults enhanced assistance in both mobility and manipulation, which are two fundamental components for independently activities of daily life performing, community participation, and quality of life. Technologies to assist with mobility and manipulation are among the most important tools for clinicians, end users and caregivers; however, there are currently few systems that provide practical and coordinated assistance with mobility and manipulation tasks. The PerMMA was not only developed and evaluated to provide users and caregivers enhanced mobility and manipulation options, but also as a clinical tool as well as research platform. The development and evaluation of PerMMA are presented in the paper. PMID:23366637

Wang, Hongwu; Grindle, Garrett G; Candiotti, Jorge; Chung, Chengshiu; Shino, Motoki; Houston, Elaine; Cooper, Rory A

2012-01-01

385

Mobile Schools for a Mobile World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overwhelmingly, independent schools are embracing mobile devices--laptops, iPads or other tablets, and smartphones--to enhance teaching and learning. This article describes the results of the "NAIS 2012 Mobile Learning Survey." Among its findings were that 75 percent of NAIS-member schools currently use mobile learning devices in at…

Booth, Susan

2013-01-01

386

Formerly `Critical Incidents' University Policy  

E-print Network

for the Welfare Incident Response Team 15 1b Confidential Out of Hours Contact Details for the Incident Response of Social Sciences & International Studies 7th May 2014 Simon Wright Manager, College of Social Sciences of Communications and Corporate Affairs 7th May 2014 Liz French Media Relations Manager 7th May 2014 Kate Lindsell

Bearhop, Stuart

387

Chernobyl fallout and cancer incidence in Finland.  

PubMed

Twenty-five years have passed since the Chernobyl accident, but its health consequences remain to be well established. Finland was one of the most heavily affected countries by the radioactive fallout outside the former Soviet Union. We analyzed the relation of the estimated external radiation exposure from the fallout to cancer incidence in Finland in 1988-2007. The study cohort comprised all ? 3.8 million Finns who had lived in the same dwelling for 12 months following the accident (May 1986-April 1987). Radiation exposure was estimated using data from an extensive mobile dose rate survey. Cancer incidence data were obtained for the cohort divided into four exposure categories (the lowest with the first-year committed dose <0.1 mSv and the highest ? 0.5 mSv) allowing for a latency of 5 years for leukemia and thyroid cancer, and 10 years for other cancers. Of the eight predefined cancer sites regarded as radiation-related from earlier studies, only colon cancer among women showed an association with exposure from fallout [excess rate ratio per increment in exposure category 0.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.02-0.11]. No such effect was observed for men, or other cancer sites. Our analysis of a large cohort over two decades did not reveal an increase in cancer incidence following the Chernobyl accident, with the possible exception of colon cancer among women. The largely null findings are consistent with extrapolation from previous studies suggesting that the effect is likely to remain too small to be empirically detectable and of little public health impact. PMID:24135935

Auvinen, Anssi; Seppä, Karri; Pasanen, Kari; Kurttio, Päivi; Patama, Toni; Pukkala, Eero; Heinävaara, Sirpa; Arvela, Hannu; Verkasalo, Pia; Hakulinen, Timo

2014-05-01

388

Disability terminology in the media: a comparison of newspaper reports in Canada and Israel.  

PubMed

The terminology used to refer to persons with disability may both reflect and influence attitudes towards them. Negative references may perpetuate negative attitudes and stereotypes. This is of particular importance in the mass media which reaches a broad spectrum of the population. This study looked at disability terminology used in major newspapers in Canada and Israel. It focused on the nature of that terminology and whether its use was related to other factors, such as the disability model reflected in the article, the content of the article (e.g. attributes of the disabled person) and its context (e.g. type of newspaper, feature versus news items). Overall, the use of inappropriate terminology of varying types was quite prevalent in both countries. In addition, in Canada there were a considerable number of articles which had no direct reference to the disability. In general, the terminology used was considerably more positive in articles dealing with individual persons with disabilities (as opposed to groups), with disabled children and with problems of mobility and rights. The results of the study indicate that the choice of terminology cannot be explained by journalistic expedience and conciseness alone. PMID:10369439

Auslander, G K; Gold, N

1999-05-01

389

Student Handbook Services for Students with Disabilities  

E-print Network

.............................................................................................................13 III. Students with Learning Disabilities (LD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD......................................................................................................14 Reading Rooms.....................................................

Papalambros, Panos

390

Is there employment discrimination against the disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst controlling for unobserved productivity differences, the gap in employment probabilities between the disabled and non-disabled is examined in the period following the Disability Discrimination Act. The evidence is consistent with a small positive effect of the legislation for the disabled.

Melanie K Jones

2005-01-01

391

Manchester Metropolitan University's Revised Disability Equality Scheme  

E-print Network

employees 33 Table 5 - Disabled student at MMU and within H.E 34 Table 6 - Graph illustrating disabled students at MMU and in H.E 34 Table 7 - Students by disability category 35 Table 8 - Student achievement 36Manchester Metropolitan University's Revised Disability Equality Scheme Submitted to the Equality

392

University of Oxford Disability Equality Scheme  

E-print Network

and Current Barriers Page 6 3.1. Engagement of Disabled People Page 6 3.2. Baseline Data on Disabled Students with Disabilities in DES Process Page 14 4.1 Results of Student Engagement in DES process Page 14 4.2 Results, invited from a cross section of the University including both undergraduate and graduate disabled students

Henderson, Gideon

393

Bad Bedfellows: Disability Sex Rights and Viagra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The disability rights movement grounds material critiques of the treatment of people with disabilities in a social constructionist perspective, locating disability in the social rather than physical realm, and demedicalizing the concept of disability. However, this conceptualization is threatened by the medicalization of non-normative erections as…

Wentzell, Emily

2006-01-01

394

Career Maturity and Physically Disabled College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationships between career maturity, sex, physical disability, and grades in 40 disabled and 46 nondisabled college students. Results showed disabled students were more vocationally mature than nondisabled students and female students were more vocationally mature than males. Type of disability was not related to career maturity.…

Burkhead, E. Jane; Cope, Corrine S.

1984-01-01

395

Terri Schiavo: A Disability Rights Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author argues that Terri Schiavo was a "person with a disability" who faced disability discrimination, a view that is consistent with national disability rights groups. The author notes that Schiavo was not "terminally ill" and that feeding tubes should not be considered "medical equipment." The belief that people with severe disabilities want…

Johnson, Mary

2006-01-01

396

Children's Perceptions of Peers with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's books with characters that have disabilities have been touted as an avenue to introduce children to their peers with disabilities. Children's literature specialists have suggested that the use of these books may result in a more positive attitude on the part of children without disabilities toward their peers with disabilities. Working…

Smith-D'Arezzo, Wendy M.; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl

2010-01-01

397

Causal Relationships between Poverty and Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research suggests why disability may cause poverty, it is not well understood why poverty may cause disability. This article presents the Poverty Disability Model, which includes four groups of factors that increase the risk that poverty will cause disability and chronic health problems. Rehabilitation interventions and counselor…

Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

2007-01-01

398

Mobility impairments and use of screening and preventive services.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Primary care for people with disabilities often concentrates on underlying debilitating disorders to the exclusion of preventive health concerns. This study examined use of screening and preventive services among adults with mobility problems (difficulty walking, climbing stairs, or standing for extended periods). METHODS: The responses of non-institutionalized adults to the 1994 National Health Interview Survey, including the disability and Healthy People 2000 supplements, were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regressions predicted service use on the basis of mobility level, demographic characteristics, and indicators of health care access. RESULTS: Ten percent of the sample reported some mobility impairment; 3% experienced major problems. People with mobility problems were as likely as others to receive pneumonia and influenza immunizations but were less likely to receive other services. Adjusted odds ratios for women with major mobility difficulties were 0.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.4, 0.9) for the Papanicolaou test and 0.7 (95% CI = 0.5, 0.9) for mammography. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to screening and preventive services for people with mobility difficulties. Shortened appointment times, physically inaccessible care sites, and inadequate equipment could further compromise preventive care for this population. PMID:10846515

Iezzoni, L I; McCarthy, E P; Davis, R B; Siebens, H

2000-01-01

399

Music reduces pain and increases functional mobility in fibromyalgia  

PubMed Central

The pain in Fibromyalgia (FM) is difficult to treat and functional mobility seems to be an important comorbidity in these patients that could evolve into a disability. In this study we wanted to investigate the analgesic effects of music in FM pain. Twenty-two FM patients were passively exposed to (1) self-chosen, relaxing, pleasant music, and to (2) a control auditory condition (pink noise). They rated pain and performed the “timed-up & go task (TUG)” to measure functional mobility after each auditory condition. Listening to relaxing, pleasant, self-chosen music reduced pain and increased functional mobility significantly in our FM patients. The music-induced analgesia was significantly correlated with the TUG scores; thereby suggesting that the reduction in pain unpleasantness increased functional mobility. Notably, this mobility improvement was obtained with music played prior to the motor task (not during), therefore the effect cannot be explained merely by motor entrainment to a fast rhythm. Cognitive and emotional mechanisms seem to be central to music-induced analgesia. Our findings encourage the use of music as a treatment adjuvant to reduce chronic pain in FM and increase functional mobility thereby reducing the risk of disability. PMID:24575066

Garza-Villarreal, Eduardo A.; Wilson, Andrew D.; Vase, Lene; Brattico, Elvira; Barrios, Fernando A.; Jensen, Troels S.; Romero-Romo, Juan I.; Vuust, Peter

2014-01-01

400

The Stigma of Disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Recently, as I was waiting to board a plane, I heard the gate agent make the following announcement: “If you have a disability\\u000a and need assistance, please come to the podium at this time.” I had never heard the boarding announcement stated in quite\\u000a this way before, which seemed to require individuals to declare that they had a disability in

Michael Selmi

401

Romantic relationships and interpersonal violence among adults with developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

Romantic relationships are important in the lives of adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore dating and romantic relationships among these adults and to identify the nature and extent of interpersonal violence in their relationships. A random sample of 47 women and men participated in semistructured interviews. The authors found that relationships sounded very typical of people without disabilities, but their time together was more limited than they wanted. A high percentage of participants had experienced interpersonal violence, primarily in the form of name calling, yelling, screaming, and physical assault. Although the police and family or friends were the first sources of assistance following an abusive incident, more than one third of the participants said they did not seek any help. PMID:20597743

Ward, Karen M; Bosek, Rebecca L; Trimble, Erin L

2010-04-01

402

Ischemic stroke incidence in Santa Coloma de Gramenet (ISISCOG), Spain. A community-based study  

PubMed Central

Background In Spain, stroke is one of the major causes of death and the main cause of severe disability in people over 65 years. We analyzed the incidence of ischemic stroke, stroke subtypes, case fatality and disability at 90 days after the event in a Spanish population. Methods A prospective community-based register of ischemic strokes was established in Santa Coloma de Gramenet (Barcelona) [116,220 inhabitants of all ages, according to the municipal census of December 31,2001], from January 1 to December 31, 2003. Standard definitions and case finding methods were used to identify all cases in all age groups. Every patient underwent a complete clinical evaluation and systematic tests including neuroimaging (CT/MRI) and vascular studies (carotid duplex ultrasound intra and extracranial and MR angiography). Results Over a one year period, 196 ischemic strokes were registered [107 men; median age = 76 years (range 39–98)], being the first event in 159 patients (81.1%) and a recurrent stroke in 37 (18.9%). After age-adjustment to the European population, the incidence of ischemic stroke per 100,000 inhabitants was 172 (95% CI, 148–196); 219 (176–261) in men and 133 (105–160) in women, with an annual incidence for first ischemic stroke of 139 (118–161); 165 (128–201) in men and 115 (89–140) in women. The incidence of stroke increased with age. Stroke subtypes (TOAST classification criteria) were lacunar in 28.8%, atherothrombotic in 18.6%, cardioembolic in 26.6% and undetermined in 26.0% of patients. At 90 days, the case-fatality was 12%, and among survivors, moderate-to-severe disability was present in 45 % at 3 months. Conclusion This prospective community-based study shows one of the lowest incidences of stroke in Europe, as well as one of the lowest case fatality and disability rates at 90 days after stroke. PMID:18371212

Alzamora, Maria Teresa; Sorribes, Marta; Heras, Antonio; Vila, Nicolas; Vicheto, Marisa; Fores, Rosa; Sanchez-Ojanguren, Jose; Sancho, Amparo; Pera, Guillem

2008-01-01

403

Surviving Java for mobiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are gaining popularity worldwide, and constant hardware improvement is increasing their computational power every year. So, we can now equip mobile devices with more powerful applications. One of the most promising software platforms for mobile devices is Java 2 Micro Edition. Sun representatives assert that 18 to 20 million mobile phones support the J2ME platform. Analysts predict that

Dmitry S. Kochnev; Andrey A. Terekhov

2003-01-01

404

Adaptive mobility for rescue robots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has often been observed that the most daunting aspect of any crisis response is managing the "unknown unknowns" that inevitably plague incident commanders and emergency personnel at all levels responsible for life and death decisions on a minute by minute basis. In structural collapse situations, for example, rescue crews rarely have even a coarse picture of the number or disposition of people or material scattered amongst the twisted beams and piles of concrete that typically entomb would-be survivors. How can the incident commander decide which beam to lift or even which section of the building to search first in the absence of information of what lies beneath. Even the slightest tug on a concrete slab can collapse potential life harboring void spaces below killing potential survivors in the process. In deploying mobile robots to assist in rescue operations we combined the traditional advantages of machine immunity to fatigue, hazardous materials and environmental controls, with the mechanical design freedom that allowed small platforms to penetrate deep into rubble to expand both situational awareness and operational influence of rescue services at the World Trade Center and mountainous snow-bound caves in Afghanistan. We learned a great deal from these experiences with regard to robot emloyment and design. This paper endeavors to share a few of our more prominent lessons learned regarding portable robot mobility as a means to manage user expectations and stimulate more innovative and adaptive design.

Blitch, John G.

2003-09-01

405

Swinburne University of Technology Disability / Medical Documentation Form Disability Services requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant professional, before  

E-print Network

requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant by Disability Services at Swinburne University to negotiate appropriate academic supports for students. Student impairment Physical Disability Mental Health Condition Learning Disability Neurological Condition Medical

Liley, David

406

Developing Accessible Mobile Phone Applications: The Case of a Contact Manager and Real Time Text Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mobile phones are becoming increasingly popular and are already the first access technology to information and communication.\\u000a However, people with disabilities have to face a lot of barriers when using this kind of technology. This paper presents an\\u000a Accessible Contact Manager and a Real Time Text application, designed to be used by all users with disabilities. Both applications\\u000a are focused

María Fernanda Cabrera-Umpiérrez; Adrián Rodríguez Castro; Jon Azpiroz; Juan Bautista Montalvá Colomer; María Teresa Arredondo; Javier Cano-Moreno

407

Disability and Health: Healthy Living  

MedlinePLUS

... if you need immediate assistance. Call the National Domestic Violence hotline at: 1-800-799-SAFE or ... Disabilities Mail-Stop E88 1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta , GA 30333 USA Contact CDC-INFO Contact CDC Centers ...

408

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... are available for people with a language-based learning disability? The goals of speech and language treatment for the child with a reading problem target the specific aspects of reading and writing that the student is ...

409

Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the following topics: identification and classification of learning disabilities (LD), effects of LD on nursing students, teaching and learning, LD legislation, and academic interventions for nursing students with LD. (SK)

Selekman, Janice

2002-01-01

410

Disability Etiquette Guide The Basics  

E-print Network

's a Down's; she's mongoloid She has Down Syndrome Birth defect Has a congenital disability Epileptic with mental retardation or he has a cognitive impairment The autistic child The child has autism She

Jiang, Huiqiang

411

Science Careers and Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes proceedings and student experiences at the 1980 Science Career Workshop for Physically Disabled Students at the Lawrence Hall of Science (University of California). Includes a description of the key-note speaker's topics, and other workshop activities. (DS)

Jagoda, Sue; Cremer, Bob

1981-01-01

412

Equal Opportunity for Disabled Veterans?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since severely disabled veterans have the greatest employment problems, increased efforts in their behalf are recommended. Improved employment service activities for veterans and more extensive and intensive job development are sorely needed. (MW)

Richards, John

1975-01-01

413

JAMA Patient Page: Assessing Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... physical fitness and stamina, recognizing other abilities and talents, and perhaps vocational retraining. DISABILITY AT OLDER AGES ... any body part, organ system, or organ function.” Assessment of an abnormal anatomic structure, physiological function, intellectual ...

414

The National Organization on Disability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1982, the mission of the National Organization on Disability (NOD) is âÂÂto expand the participation and contribution of AmericaâÂÂs 54 million men, women and children with disabilities in all aspects of life.â From their homepage, visitors can delve into a number of their resources, such as summaries of the organizationâÂÂs own advocacy work that deals with such themes as community involvement, economic participation, and creating an environment that is supportive for those with a broad range of disabilities. The site also contains important information for community leaders, such as summaries of projects developed by the NOD and its partners on topics such as making religious facilities more accessible. The site is rounded out by a section designed for the media that the general user will appreciate as well, as it contains a number of basic reports and surveys on disabled persons and general press releases.

415

Smartphones Enabling Mobile Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobilization of the work-force is demanding new mobile and wireless technologies to facilitate contact between the growing number of mobile eWorkers and organizations. Smartphones incorporating mobile e-mail functionality enable instant access to e-mail boxes and company resources without complex synchronization. A study amongst sixteen German companies was conducted to elicit the influence of mobile e-mail on work-processes and communication. The

Bettina Beurer-zuellig; Miriam Meckel

2008-01-01

416

Mobile IPv6 Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile IPv6 provides global mobility and location management support for the IPv6 network layer protocol. The design of Mobile IPv6 incorporates security features that differ significantly from its predecessor, Mobile IPv4. Some of the new security features are intended to counter new threats raised by route optimization, while others align Mobile IPv6 security more closely with basic IPv6 security mechanisms.

James Kempf; Jari Arkko; Pekka Nikander

2004-01-01

417

Astronomical activities with disabled people  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As we celebrate the International Year of Astronomy, we have been working on four different projects with the goal of making astronomy more accessible to people with special needs. These projects are 1) an astronomy book and web site for blind people, 2) an open source software for people with motor disabilities, 3) a planetarium program for the visually impaired and 4) educational material for intellectually disabled people.

Ortiz-Gil, Amelia; Blay, Pere; Gallego Calvente, A. Teresa; Gómez, Miquel; Guirado, José Carlos; Lanzara, Mariana; Martínez Núñez, Silvia

2011-06-01

418

Introduction: Philosophical Reflections on Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The discussions in this volume take place against the backdrop of the development of an increasingly vocal “disability rights”\\u000a movement (henceforth DR) and the voluminous scholarly output of that movement’s “theoretical arm” (Snyder, 2006, p. 478),\\u000a the growing academic field of “disability studies.” Since some readers may be unfamiliar with these movements and their relationship\\u000a to what might be termed

D. Christopher Ralston; Justin Ho

419

Incident Report Form [yellow form  

E-print Network

Description of Incident: Action Taken by DRS Employee: Time University Police were called: Officer responding to call: Badge # of Officer: Case #: Time University Police Arrived: Were University Police contacted

Amin, S. Massoud

420

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH DISABLED STUDENT SERVICES  

E-print Network

Admission SPECIAL ADMISSIONS APPLICATION Disabled Student Services Today's Date: For which year? Cell Phone historical information regarding your disability and accommodations used. Describe your disabilities impact

Sorin, Eric J.

421

Nursing Faculty Experiences Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities .  

E-print Network

??Learning disabilities are the most prevalent disability reported in higher education, including nursing education. Yet, despite cognitive abilities for educational success, students with learning disabilities… (more)

Ardary, Darlene A.

2014-01-01

422

5 CFR 844.404 - Reinstatement of disability annuity.  

...OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Termination and Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.404 Reinstatement of disability...

2014-01-01

423

Public Transport for Everyone: A Summary of the Results of Research and Development Projects Concerning Disabled People and Transport Facilities Supported by the Swedish Transport Research Board. TFB-Report 1989:1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the results of research and development concerning disabled individuals in Sweden and their use of transport facilities. The first section, "People with Impaired Mobility and Their Travel Needs," outlines Sweden's transport policy goal to adapt transport to the needs of disabled people, addresses the difficulty in…

Borjesson, Mats

424

How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity  

E-print Network

How Mobility Increases Mobile Cloud Computing Processing Capacity Anh-Dung Nguyen, Patrick S--In this paper, we address a important and still unanswered question in mobile cloud computing "how mobility the resilience of mobile cloud computing services. Keywords--Mobile cloud computing, mobility, quality of service

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

425

Obesity - the new childhood disability? : exploring physical functioning and disability in children with obesity.  

E-print Network

??Adult obesity is associated with disability and reduced physical functioning. However, investigations in children are limited and have not explored obesity-related disability using the International… (more)

Tsiros, Margarita

2011-01-01

426

Cyber Incidents Involving Control Systems  

SciTech Connect

The Analysis Function of the US-CERT Control Systems Security Center (CSSC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has prepared this report to document cyber security incidents for use by the CSSC. The description and analysis of incidents reported herein support three CSSC tasks: establishing a business case; increasing security awareness and private and corporate participation related to enhanced cyber security of control systems; and providing informational material to support model development and prioritize activities for CSSC. The stated mission of CSSC is to reduce vulnerability of critical infrastructure to cyber attack on control systems. As stated in the Incident Management Tool Requirements (August 2005) ''Vulnerability reduction is promoted by risk analysis that tracks actual risk, emphasizes high risk, determines risk reduction as a function of countermeasures, tracks increase of risk due to external influence, and measures success of the vulnerability reduction program''. Process control and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, with their reliance on proprietary networks and hardware, have long been considered immune to the network attacks that have wreaked so much havoc on corporate information systems. New research indicates this confidence is misplaced--the move to open standards such as Ethernet, Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, and Web technologies is allowing hackers to take advantage of the control industry's unawareness. Much of the available information about cyber incidents represents a characterization as opposed to an analysis of events. The lack of good analyses reflects an overall weakness in reporting requirements as well as the fact that to date there have been very few serious cyber attacks on control systems. Most companies prefer not to share cyber attack incident data because of potential financial repercussions. Uniform reporting requirements will do much to make this information available to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and others who require it. This report summarizes the rise in frequency of cyber attacks, describes the perpetrators, and identifies the means of attack. This type of analysis, when used in conjunction with vulnerability analyses, can be used to support a proactive approach to prevent cyber attacks. CSSC will use this document to evolve a standardized approach to incident reporting and analysis. This document will be updated as needed to record additional event analyses and insights regarding incident reporting. This report represents 120 cyber security incidents documented in a number of sources, including: the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) Industrial Security Incident Database, the 2003 CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey, the KEMA, Inc., Database, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Energy Incident Database, the INL Cyber Incident Database, and other open-source data. The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) database was also interrogated but, interestingly, failed to yield any cyber attack incidents. The results of this evaluation indicate that historical evidence provides insight into control system related incidents or failures; however, that the limited available information provides little support to future risk estimates. The documented case history shows that activity has increased significantly since 1988. The majority of incidents come from the Internet by way of opportunistic viruses, Trojans, and worms, but a surprisingly large number are directed acts of sabotage. A substantial number of confirmed, unconfirmed, and potential events that directly or potentially impact control systems worldwide are also identified. Twelve selected cyber incidents are presented at the end of this report as examples of the documented case studies (see Appendix B).

Robert J. Turk

2005-10-01

427

Lost Working Years Due to Mental Disorders: An Analysis of the Norwegian Disability Pension Registry  

PubMed Central

Objectives Mental disorders are prevalent diagnoses in disability benefit statistics, with awards often granted at younger age than for other diagnoses. We aimed to compare the number of lost working years following disability benefit award for mental disorders versus other diagnostic groups. Methods Data from the complete Norwegian official registry over disability benefit incidence, including primary diagnoses, were analyzed for the period 2001 to 2003 (N?=?77,067), a time-period without any reform in the disability benefit scheme. Lost working years due to disability benefit award before scheduled age retirement at age 67 were calculated. Results Musculoskeletal disorders were the commonest reason for disability benefit awards (36.3%) with mental disorders in second place (24.0%). However, mental disorders were responsible for the most working years lost (33.8%) compared with musculoskeletal disorders (29.4%). Individuals awarded disability benefit for a mental disorder were on average 8.9 years younger (46.1 years) than individuals awarded for a musculoskeletal disorder (55.0 years), and 6.9 years younger than individuals awarded for any other somatic disorder (53.0 years). Anxiety and depressive disorders were the largest contributors to lost working years within mental disorders. Conclusion Age at award is highly relevant when the total burden of different diagnoses on disability benefits is considered. There is great disparity in total number of lost working years due to disability benefit award for different diagnostic groups. The high number of lost working years from mental disorders has serious consequences for both the individual and for the wider society and economy. PMID:22905150

Knudsen, Ann Kristin; ?verland, Simon; Hotopf, Matthew; Mykletun, Arnstein

2012-01-01

428

The Relationship between the Disability Prevalence of Cataracts and Ambient Erythemal Ultraviolet Radiation in China  

PubMed Central

In Western countries, ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin cancer has been studied extensively regarding the high incidence of skin cancers in the white population; however, for people of color, cataracts are the main public health issue in relation to increased ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR). To our knowledge, few studies have been conducted examining the relationship between cataracts and ambient UVR in China. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship between and the factors influencing the disability prevalence of cataracts and annual ambient erythemal UVR exposure in 31 regions of China. The data used to determine the disability prevalence of cataracts was obtained from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability. The regional annual erythemal UVR was calculated using Geographic Information System (GIS) methods based on data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) database. The relationship between the disability prevalence of cataracts and the annual ambient erythemal UVR was examined by using logistic regression. Both the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts (OR?=?3.97, 95%CI 1.30–12.13, per 100KJ/m2 increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old (OR?=?3.97, 95%CI 1.30–12.13, per 100KJ/m2 increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) were higher in association with higher ambient erythemal UVR. Regions with higher urbanization and educational levels had lower disability prevalence of cataracts. We found positive associations of the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old with ambient erythemal UVR in 31 regions of China. PMID:23226480

Wang, Yang; Yu, Jiaming; Gao, Qian; Hu, Liwen; Gao, Na; Gong, Huizhi; Liu, Yang

2012-01-01

429

Studies on tumor incidence in mice exposed to GSM cell-phone radiation [Health Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies on tumor incidence in mice exposed to GSM cell-phone radiation. The first study of lymphomas in female Emu_Pim1 transgenic mice using frequencies and modulations specific to cellular mobile phones was conducted in Australia in which the incidence was shown to be significantly higher (odds ratio, OR = 2.4) in the exposed mice (43%) than in the sham

James C. Lin

2008-01-01

430

A Wireless Sensor Network and Incident Command Interface for Urban Firefighting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fire Information and Rescue Equipment project at UC Berkeley has developed a prototype wireless sensor network (WSN) and Incident Command (IC) interface for urban and industrial firefighting and emergency response. A fixed WSN deployment in the building acts as a backbone for communication between mobile personnel and Incident Command. The Telos Sky mote 802.15.4 platform with the TinyOS operating

Joel Wilson; Vikas Bhargava; Andrew Redfern; Paul Wright

2007-01-01

431

Experiences of gout-related disability from the patients' perspective: a mixed methods study.  

PubMed

Disability is a common problem in patients with gout. Recently, the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) was recommended for assessing patient reported activity limitations in gout. However, few studies have explored experiences and issues of disability from the perspective of gout patients themselves. The objectives of this study were to explore disability issues in patients with gout and to examine the content validity of the HAQ-DI in this patient group. Two studies were performed: a semi-structured interview study with seven male gout patients and a cross-sectional survey study among 34 other patients with gout. In both studies, specific examples of activity limitations were elicited using open-ended methods. The survey study additionally aimed to quantify the relevance of the activities listed in the HAQ-DI. Most patients experienced several gout attacks in the previous year. Limitations were reported to occur during a flare, but patients were generally not limited between attacks. During an attack, patients mainly experienced limitations related to mobility, especially walking and climbing stairs. Patients also mentioned limitations in activities related to domestic life, such as gardening and doing housework. Limitations related to self-care or activities requiring the use of the upper extremities were rarely mentioned. Corresponding HAQ-DI items were skewed towards very low disability scores over the past week. Assessments of gout-related disability should particularly focus on mobility and lower extremity functioning and should consider the intermittent nature of the disease. The HAQ-DI may not adequately meet these requirements, suggesting the need to explore other measures of gout-related disability PMID:24077900

ten Klooster, Peter M; Vonkeman, Harald E; Voshaar, Martijn A H Oude; Bode, Christina; van de Laar, Mart A F J

2014-08-01

432

Burden of Restraint, Disablement and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of Total Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman’s reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the mulitple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions. PMID:21767094

Harrison, Tracie

2010-01-01

433

Breast cancer incidence in Mongolia  

PubMed Central

Purpose Data on international variation in breast cancer incidence may help to identify additional risk factors. Substantially lower breast cancer rates in Asia than in North America and Western Europe are established, but differences within Asia have been largely ignored despite heterogeneity in lifestyles and environments. Mongolia’s breast cancer experience is of interest because of its shared genetics but vastly different diet compared with other parts of Asia. Methods Age-standardized breast cancer incidence and mortality rates obtained from the International Association of Cancer Registries are presented for several Asian countries. Mongolian incidence rates obtained from its cancer registry describe incidence within the country. Results Breast cancer incidence in Mongolia (age standardized 8.0/100,000) is almost a third of rates in China (21.6/100,000), and over five times that of Japan (42.7/100,000) and Russia (43.2/100,000). Rates within Mongolia appear to have increased slightly over the last decade and are higher in urban than rural areas (annual percentage increase of age-standardized rates from 1998 to 2005 was 3.60 and 2.57%, respectively). The increase in breast cancer incidence with age plateaus at menopause, as in other Asian populations. Conclusions Mongolia’s low breast cancer incidence is of particular interest because of their unusual diet (primarily red meat and dairy) compared with other Asian countries. More intensive study of potential dietary, reproductive and lifestyle factors in Mongolia with comparison to other Asian populations may provide more clarity in what drives the international breast cancer rate differences. PMID:22543542

Altantsetseg, Dalkhjav; Davaasambuu, Ganmaa; Rich-Edwards, Janet; Davaalkham, Dambadarjaa; Tretli, Steinar; Hoover, Robert N.; Frazier, A. Lindsay

2013-01-01

434

Mobile Router Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cisco Systems and NASA have been performing joint research on mobile routing technology under a NASA Space Act Agreement. Cisco developed mobile router technology and provided that technology to NASA for applications to aeronautic and space-based missions. NASA has performed stringent performance testing of the mobile router, including the interaction of routing and transport-level protocols. This paper describes mobile routing, the mobile router, and some key configuration parameters. In addition, the paper describes the mobile routing test network and test results documenting the performance of transport protocols in dynamic routing environments.

Ivancic, William D.; Stewart, David H.; Bell, Terry L.; Kachmar, Brian A.; Shell, Dan; Leung, Kent

2002-01-01

435

MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software  

E-print Network

MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

2004-01-01

436

Cognitive predictors of young children's readiness for powered mobility.  

PubMed

Independent mobility in early childhood has been associated with the development of various cognitive and psychosocial skills. However, children with physical disabilities are not always able to move independently and may be at risk for delays in these areas. Early provision of powered mobility can offer young children an opportunity for independent mobility. Despite this, there is little information to help determine when a young child has the cognitive skills necessary to operate a powered wheelchair safely. This current research aims to identify these skills. A cognitive assessment battery and a wheelchair mobility training and assessment program were developed. Twenty-six children with physical disabilities between the ages of 20 and 36 months were evaluated on the cognitive assessment and participated in the wheelchair training and assessment program. A stepwise regression analysis was used to determine which of the cognitive skills predicted wheelchair mobility performance. The cognitive domains of spatial relations and problem solving were found to be significant and accounted for 57% of the variance in wheelchair skills. Developmental cut-off points on these scales as they relate to wheelchair skills are presented and clinical applications are discussed. PMID:10587042

Tefft, D; Guerette, P; Furumasu, J

1999-10-01

437

Comparison of legislation concerning people with disability and heritage environment in Malaysia and developed countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heritage towns and buildings are invaluable cultural assets of a nation, and are extremely useful in manifesting place identity, and crucial in promoting tourism. These places of cultural significance should be made accessible to everyone including people with mobility or sensory impairments, the elderly, parents with small children and those who are temporarily disabled due to injury or illness. By creating a accessible heritage environment not only can you cater towards the increasing population of disabled people, but you could increase the number of cultural properties as resources of a nation through 'accessible tourism'. However the differences in implementation of barrier-free tourism for historic buildings and places are rather large between developed and developing countries such as Malaysia. This paper serves as preliminary study on accessibility of heritage environment in Malaysia. First, review of some related definitions, perception toward disability, and background studies in disability movement will be discussed to achieve better understanding of the increasing population of disabled people and how it would affect the development of infrastructure in the built environment. Second, it will look into existing legislation concerning heritage conservation and legislation on provision of access for the disabled in Malaysia and other developing countries. Finally, this paper seeks to find gaps between these legislations and conclude with some recommendations.

Marsin, J. M.; Ariffin, S. I.; Shahminan, R. N. R.

2014-02-01

438

Effective Laboratory Experiences for Students with Disabilities: The Role of a Student Laboratory Assistant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two separate experiences with students whose disabilities significantly limited the number of laboratory activities they could accomplish independently has given us a general experience base for determining successful strategies for accommodating students facing these situatiuons. For a student who had substantially limited physical mobility and for a student who had no visual ability, employing a student laboratory assistant allowed the students with disabilities to have a productive and positive laboratory experience. One of the priorities in these situations should be to avoid depersonalizing the student with a disability. Interactions with the instructor and with other students should focus on the disabled student rather than the student laboratory assistant who may be carrying out specific tasks. One of the most crucial aspects of a successful project is the selection of a laboratory assistant who has excellent interpersonal skills and who will add his or her creativity to that of the student with a disability to meet unforeseen challenges. Other considerations are discussed, such as the importance of advance notification that a disabled student has enrolled in a course as well as factors that should contribute to choosing an optimum laboratory station for each situation.

Pence, Laura E.; Workman, Harry J.; Riecke, Pauline

2003-03-01

439

Reaching everyone: Promoting the inclusion of youth with disabilities in evaluating foster care outcomes  

PubMed Central

Efforts to evaluate foster care outcomes must avoid systematic exclusion of particular groups. Although often unrecognized as such, youth with disabilities are highly overrepresented in the U.S. foster care system, and yet youth with some disabilities, including those with intellectual, serious emotional, and physical impairments may be underrepresented in research and evaluation studies evaluating foster care outcomes. The recruitment and retention of youth with various disabilities in such studies can be impeded by under-identification of disability and relatively high placement and school mobility. Furthermore, youth with various disabilities may experience more disappointing outcomes than foster youth overall, underscoring the importance of including these youth in outcome tracking efforts. This is especially relevant given the recent implementation of the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD), which requires that state child welfare agencies gather baseline information about youth in foster care at age 17, and then survey outcomes at 19 and 21. To promote the full participation of foster youth with disabilities in such outcome evaluation, this paper describes successful strategies for identifying and retaining participants that were used in three separate longitudinal intervention studies. These strategies include the systematic recruitment of foster youth by special education status, and creative use of validated tracking and retention strategies incorporating minor accommodations as needed. PMID:24273364

Blakeslee, Jennifer E.; Quest, A. Del; Powers, Jennifer; Powers, Laurie E.; Geenen, Sarah; Nelson, May; Dalton, Lawrence D.; McHugh, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

440

Disability and SENDA What you need to know  

E-print Network

, dysgraphia Disability at Royal Holloway Royal Holloway has approximately 681 disabled students (8 required to do? · Make 'reasonable adjustments' to ensure that disabled students are not at a `substantial disabled students `less favo

Royal Holloway, University of London

441

20 CFR 220.45 - Providing evidence of disability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Providing evidence of disability. 220.45 Section 220...RETIREMENT ACT DETERMINING DISABILITY Evidence of Disability § 220.45 Providing evidence of disability. (a) General....

2010-04-01

442

UConn's Online Graduate Certificate Program in Postsecondary Disability Services  

E-print Network

in Postsecondary Disability Services Transition Planning for Students with Disabilities Independent StudyUConn's Online Graduate Certificate Program in Postsecondary Disability Services he University or university Offices for Students with Disabilities, and higher education profes- sionals who collaborate

Alpay, S. Pamir

443

Theoretical Mobility Analysis of Ion Mobility Spectrometry  

E-print Network

with each noble gas. A similar trend was exhibited in each gas. Figure 5. Reduced mobility vs. E. Results Trends in mobility were found based on the identity of the ion and drift gas and their respective+ 40Ar with the same reduced mass. The same trend was found for all ion/neutral combinations. Figure 2

Collins, Gary S.

444

Ensuring Mobility-Supporting Environments for an Aging Population: Critical Actors and Collaborations  

PubMed Central

Successful aging takes on an array of attributes, including optimal health and community participation. Research indicates that (1) persons with disabilities, including age-related disabilities, report frequent barriers to community participation, including unsuitable building design (43%), transportation (32%), and sidewalks/curbs (31%), and (2) many seniors report an inability to cross roads safely near their homes. This paper attempts to define mobility-related elements that contribute to optimal health and quality of life, within the context of successful aging. It then examines the impacts of community design on individual mobility, delving into which traditional and nontraditional actors—including architects, urban planners, transportation engineers, occupational therapists, and housing authorities—play critical roles in ensuring that community environments serve as facilitators (rather than barriers) to mobility. As America ages, mobility challenges for seniors will only increase unless both traditional aging specialists and many nontraditional actors make a concerted effort to address the challenges. PMID:21766029

Kochtitzky, Chris S.; Freeland, Amy L.; Yen, Irene H.

2011-01-01

445

Classifying health information technology patient safety related incidents - an approach used in Wales.  

PubMed

Interest in the field of patient safety incident reporting and analysis with respect to Health Information Technology (HIT) has been growing over recent years as the development, implementation and reliance on HIT systems becomes ever more prevalent. One of the rationales for capturing patient safety incidents is to learn from failures in the delivery of care and must form part of a feedback loop which also includes analysis; investigation and monitoring. With the advent of new technologies and organizational programs of delivery the emphasis is increasingly upon analyzing HIT incidents. This thematic review had two objectives, to test the applicability of a framework specifically designed to categorize HIT incidents and to review the Welsh incidents as communicated via the national incident reporting system in order to understand their implications for healthcare. The incidents were those reported as IT/ telecommunications failure/ overload. Incidents were searched for within a national reporting system using a standardized search strategy for incidents occurring between 1(st) January 2009 and 31(st) May 2011. 149 incident reports were identified and classified. The majority (77%) of which were machine related (technical problems) such as access problems; computer system down/too slow; display issues; and software malfunctions. A further 10% (n = 15) of incidents were down to human-computer interaction issues and 13% (n = 19) incidents, mainly telephone related, could not be classified using the framework being tested. On the basis of this review of incidents, it is recommended that the framework be expanded to include hardware malfunctions and the wrong record retrieved/missing data associated with a machine output error (as opposed to human error). In terms of the implications for clinical practice, the incidents reviewed highlighted critical issues including the access problems particularly relating to the use of mobile technologies. PMID:23646074

Warm, D; Edwards, P

2012-01-01

446

Mobile Proactive secret sharing  

E-print Network

This thesis describes mobile proactive secret sharing (MPSS), an extension of proactive secret sharing. Mobile proactive secret sharing is much more flexible than proactive secret sharing in terms of group membership: ...

Schultz, David Andrew

2007-01-01

447

Tandem mobile robot system  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle system for terrain navigation mobility provides a way to climb stairs, cross crevices, and navigate across difficult terrain by coupling two or more mobile robots with a coupling device and controlling the robots cooperatively in tandem.

Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01

448

Make a Mobile!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners make mobiles to explore the concepts of balance, counterbalance, weight, and counterweight. Learners are encouraged to work in groups or with their families to create balanced mobiles using a variety of materials of varying weights.

Museum, Chicago C.

2010-01-01

449

the Incidence of Pancreatic Cancer  

E-print Network

Laboratory studies indicate that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may inhibit pancreatic cancer, but epidemiologic data to support this finding are limited. We conducted a prospective study from 1992 through 1999 among 28 283 postmenopausal women who lived in Iowa to examine the association between the self-reported use of aspirin and other NSAIDs and the incidence of pancreatic cancer. Eighty incident cases of pancreatic cancer were identified during 7 years of follow-up. The multivariate-adjusted relative risk of

Nonsteroidal Anti; Kristin E. Anderson; Trista W; Johnson Deann Lazovich; Aaron R. Folsom

450

Mobility management for all-IP mobile networks: mobile IPv6 vs. proxy mobile IPv6  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, a network-based mobility management protocol called Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) is being actively standardized by the IETF NETLMM working group, and is starting to attract considerable attention among the telecommunication and Internet communities. Unlike the various existing protocols for IP mobility management such as Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6), which are host-based approaches, a network-based approach such as PMIPv6 has salient

Ki-Sik Kong; Wonjun Lee; Youn-Hee Han; Myung-Ki Shin; HeungRyeol You

2008-01-01

451

Screening for Developmental Disabilities in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

Despite waxing international interest in child disability, little information exists about the situation of children with disabilities in developing countries. Using a culture-free screen for child disability from the 2005–2007 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, this study reports percentages of children in 16 developing countries who screened positive for cognitive, language, sensory, and motor disabilities, covariation among disabilities, deviation contrasts that compare each country to the overall effect of country (including effects of age and gender and their interactions), and associations of disabilities with the Human Development Index. Developmental disabilities vary by child age and country, and younger children in developing countries with lower standards of living are more likely to screen positive for disabilities. The discussion of these findings revolves around research and policy implications. PMID:23294875

Bornstein, Marc H.; Hendricks, Charlene

2012-01-01

452

METROPOLITAN ATLANTA DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM (MADDSP)  

EPA Science Inventory

To address the problem of developmental disabilities among children, CDC, the former Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, which was funded by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), and the Georgia Department of Human Resources, initiate...

453

Categories of Disability under IDEA Law  

MedlinePLUS

... not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities; of intellectual disability; of emotional disturbance; or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. Back to top 12. Speech or Language ...

454

Rehabilitation Research on Disability: New Horizons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of research on disability and integrates rehabilitation research with the mainstream of scientific activity. Examples of disability research are given covering spinal cord injury, facial disfigurement, cancer of the larynx, and cystic fibrosis. (Author/TA)

Goldberg, Richard T.

1977-01-01

455

Describing the cognitive characteristics of reading disability.  

E-print Network

??The present study examined cognitive correlates of reading disability (RD) as a function of comorbidity. Students with RD vs. RD+MD (math disability) vs. RD+ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity… (more)

Kearns, Devin McCready

2010-01-01

456

Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening  

MedlinePLUS

... Policy Makers CDC Employees and Reasonable Accommodations (RA) Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening Share Compartir ... for breast cancer live long and healthy lives. Women with Disabilities Are Less Likely to Have Received ...

457

The Relationship between Dysfunctional Career Thoughts and Adjustment to Disability in College Students with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between dysfunctional career thoughts and adjustment to disability among college students with learning disabilities. Data were obtained from 153 college students with learning disabilities at a large southern university and 595 general college students from the normative sample of the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI). Results indicated that college students with learning disabilities had fewer dysfunctional

Abiola Dipeolu; Robert Reardon; James Sampson; Jane Burkhead

2002-01-01

458

Making disability visible: How disability studies might transform the medical and science writing classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how disability studies can be used in a medical and science writing class to critically examine the assumptions of scientific discourse. An emerging, interdisciplinary field, disability studies draws on feminist, postmodern, and post?colonial theory and extends their critiques to the medicalization of disability. Deconstructing the medical model of disability helps students understand how science is socially constructed.

James C. Wilson

2000-01-01

459

Investigation of Raising Burden of Children with Autism, Physical Disability and Mental Disability in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The family economic burden of raising autistic children, physical disabled children and mental disabled children were evaluated in China. 227 parents of children with autism, children with physical disability, children with mental disability and normal children were interviewed for children's costs, family income and economic assistance, etc. The…

Xiong, Nina; Yang, Li; Yu, Yang; Hou, Jiaxun; Li, Jia; Li, Yuanyuan; Liu, Hairong; Zhang, Ying; Jiao, Zhengang

2011-01-01

460

Theorising the Lives of Disabled Children: How Can Disability Theory Help?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emergence of both disability studies and the new social studies of childhood has seen a new approach in the study of disability in childhood. The focus has shifted from an exploration of impairment to one that prioritises the social with disabled children themselves placed at the centre of the research. This article concentrates on disability

Watson, Nick

2012-01-01

461

ODS Disability Documentation Guidelines (DDG) All students who register with the Barnard Office of Disability Services  

E-print Network

. Students with learning disabilities and/or ADD should refer to the guidelines in "Documentation of a Learning Disability/ADD" available on our website www.barnard.edu/ods. Students with all other disabilityODS Disability Documentation Guidelines (DDG) All students who register with the Barnard Office

462

University of Oxford Disability Equality Scheme Annual Report  

E-print Network

Admissions Data Page 4 2.2. Current Students Declaring a Disability Page 4 2.3. Current Students Disability and Students Page 10 #12;2 University of Oxford Disability Equality Scheme Annual Report 2007 1. Foreword I am disabled students in 2006 were slightly higher than non-disabled applicants. · Applicants with disabilities

Henderson, Gideon

463

Views of disability in Portugal: ‘fado’ or citizenship?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability research in Portugal is scarce and often lacks the perspective of disabled people. This paper tries to bring insights from leaders of disability associations about the community of disabled people in Portugal, the barriers to their politicization and links with disabled identity. It seems that most disabled people get trapped in a tragic paradigmatic vicious cycle due to a

Ema Loja; Emília Costa; Isabel Menezes

2011-01-01

464

Mobile Student Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: A mobile student information system (MSIS) based on mobile computing and context-aware application concepts can provide more user-centric information services to students. The purpose of this paper is to describe a system for providing relevant information to students on a mobile platform. Design/methodology/approach: The research…

Asif, Muhammad; Krogstie, John

2011-01-01

465

Towards universal mobile caching  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of mobile data access, data caching is fundamental for both performance and functionality. For this reason there have been many studies into developing energy-efficient caching algorithms suitable for specific mobile environments. In this papers, we present a novel caching policy, Universal Mobile Caching (UMC), which is suitable for managing object caches in structurally varying environments, and which

Ganesh Santhanakrishnan; Ahmed Amer; Panos K. Chrysanthis

2005-01-01

466

Summarisation for Mobile Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In mobile computing, issues such as limited resources, network capacities and organisational constraints may cause the complete replication of large databases on a mobile device to be infeasible. At the same time, some on-board storage of data is attractive as communication to the main database can be inconsistent. Thus, as the emphasis on application mobility increases, data summarisation offers a

Darin Chan; John F. Roddick

2005-01-01

467

Mobility and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter theme issue deals with the phenomenon of mobility or transience in India, Kenya, Greece, Ireland, Malaysia, Thailand and Israel. The primary focus is on mobility's effect on young children, specifically their health and education; some of the broader concerns also addressed by the newsletter are the causes of mobility and its…

Bernard van Leer Foundation Newsletter, 1994

1994-01-01

468

Sound mobility models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simulation has become an indispensable tool in the construction and evaluation of mobile systems. By using mobility models that describe constituent movement, one can explore large systems, producing repeatable results for comparison between alternatives. Unfortunately, the vast majority of mobility models---including all those in which nodal speed and distance or destination are chosen independently---suffer from decay; average speed decreases until

Jungkeun Yoon; Mingyan Liu; Brian Noble

2003-01-01

469

Does Visual Impairment Affect Mobility Over Time? The Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To determine if the odds of mobility disability increases at a different rate among visually impaired (VI) as compared with nonvisually impaired (NVI) over an 8-year period. Methods. A total of 2520 Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study participants were followed 2, 6, and 8 years after baseline. VI was defined as best-corrected visual acuity worse than 20/40, or visual field of approximately less than 20°. Self-reported difficulty with three tasks was assessed at each visit: walking up 10 steps, walking down 10 steps, and walking 150 feet. Generalized estimating equation models included a 6-year spline, and explored differences in mobility difficulty trajectories by including an interaction between VI status and the spline terms. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) compared mobility difficulty for each task by VI status. Results. At baseline, the VI were significantly more likely to report difficulty mobility tasks than the NVI (ORdifficultywalkingup10steps = 1.37, CI: 1.02–1.80; ORdifficultywalkingdown10steps = 1.55, CI: 1.16–2.08; ORdifficultywalking150feet = 1.50, CI: 1.10–2.04). The trajectory of mobility disability did not differ by VI status from baseline to the 6-year visit. However, the difference between the VI and NVI declined at the 8-year visit, which may be due to loss of VI participants at risk of developing mobility difficulty. Conclusions. The VI were more likely to report mobility disability than the NVI, but the trajectory of mobility disability was not steeper among the VI as compared to the NVI over the study period. PMID:24176902

Swenor, Bonnielin K.; Munoz, Beatriz; West, Sheila K.

2013-01-01

470

People with Mental and Physical Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culture and economic development influence how disability is perceived, distributed, and responded to. Physical disability\\u000a resulting from disease, malnutrition, and accidents is more common in developing nations than in more developed nations (United\\u000a Nations General Assembly, Resolution 37\\/53, Dec. 3, 1982). Poor prenatal nutrition, obstetric skills, and perinatal care are\\u000a other sources of disability. Once a disability occurs, the affected

Kim T. Mueser; Virginia A. Hiday; Lisa A. Goodman; Denise Valenti-Hein

471

Emerging policy challenges in intellectual disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The forces shaping intellectual disability policy-making are diverse; while many of the policy issues reviewed in this issue are specific to intellectual disabilities, there are others that transcend disability-specific concerns. Our review is organized around six emerging demo- graphic and socio-cultural trends that may directly and profoundly impact the intellectual disability field: aging, changing labor markets, immigra- tion, families, federalism,

Glenn T. Fujiura; Susan L. Parish

2007-01-01

472

Assessing Occupational Disability Following Trauma and Impairment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rehabilitation professionals have come to recognize the importance of comprehensive assessment in evaluating the employability\\u000a of individuals who may have acquired occupational disability secondary to trauma. Disability evaluation and rehabilitation\\u000a professionals do not always agree on nomenclature and specific methodologies, and as a result, both the meaning and practice\\u000a of assessing occupational disability vary. For many years, however, occupational disability

Jason M. Walker; Stacey A. Petersen

473

Risk factors for respiratory work disability in a cohort of pulp mill workers exposed to irritant gases  

PubMed Central

Background The association between chronic respiratory diseases and work disability has been demonstrated a number of times over the past 20 years, but still little is known about work disability in occupational cohorts of workers exposed to respiratory irritants. This study investigated job or task changes due to respiratory problems as an indicator of work disability in pulp mill workers occupationally exposed to irritants. Methods Data about respiratory symptoms and disease diagnoses, socio-demographic variables, occupational exposures, gassing episodes, and reported work changes due to respiratory problems were collected using a questionnaire answered by 3226 pulp mill workers. Information about work history and departments was obtained from personnel files. Incidence and hazard ratios for respiratory work disability were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results The incidence of respiratory work disability among these pulp mill workers was 1.6/1000 person-years. The hazard ratios for respiratory work disability were increased for workers reporting gassings (HR 5.3, 95% CI 2.7-10.5) and for those reporting physician-diagnosed asthma, chronic bronchitis, and chronic rhinitis, when analyzed in the same model. Conclusions This cohort study of pulp mill workers found that irritant peak exposure during gassing episodes was a strong predictor of changing work due to respiratory problems, even after adjustment for asthma, chronic bronchitis, and chronic rhinitis. PMID:21896193

2011-01-01

474

Anabledd / Disability o Dim anabledd hysbys / No known disability  

E-print Network

such as Asperger's syndrome/other autistic spectrum disorder o Salwch neu gyflwr iechyd hirdymor megis canser, HIV or more impairments and/or disabling medical conditions o Anhwylderau yn y Sbectrwm Awtistig / Autistic Spectrum Disorder o Anhawster dysgu penodol ee dyslecsia / A specific learning difficulty eg. dyslexia o

Harman, Neal.A.

475

"Managing" Disability: Early Experiences of University Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent UK legislation, operational from December 2006, places a duty on all public authorities, including higher education institutions, to actively promote equality of opportunity for people with disabilities. The university studied here has a number of initiatives in place to develop good practice in this area, but how do students themselves…

Goode, Jackie

2007-01-01

476

Handicaps and Developmental Disabilities. Matrix No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the recent advances achieved by research in the area of developmental disabilities, and discusses directions for future research in this area. Approximately 8 to 10 per cent of the pediatric population suffers from one or more developmental disabilities. The most common of these are learning disabilities, which include some…

Prensky, Arthur L.

477

Labor Market Discrimination against Men with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1984 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation is used to estimate the extent of labor market discrimination against men with disabilities. Men with disabilities are classified into a group with impairments that are subject to prejudice (handicapped) and a group with impairments that are less subject to prejudice (disabled). Very large differences in employment rates and

Marjorie Baldwin; William G. Johnson

1994-01-01

478

Disability, Gender and the Labour Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 2002 LFS, we examine the impact of disability on labour market outcomes by gender. Our results indicate that substantial differences in both the likelihood of employment and levels of earnings exist, despite several years of operation of the Disability Discrimination Act. Significant heterogeneity within the disabled group is identified: those suffering from mental health forms of

Melanie K. Jones; Paul L. Latreille; Peter J. Sloane

2003-01-01

479

Improved Employment Opportunities for People with Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For more than a decade, one of the principal goals of U.S. disability policy has been to improve employment opportunities for working-age adults with disabilities. Of the four national policy goals proclaimed in the Americans with Disabilities Act, three-...

H. S. Kaye

2003-01-01

480

The Gifted\\/Learning Disabled Student  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the identification of learning disabled and gifted students becomes more sophisticated, there appears to be a growing number of students who fit both categories. This article discusses the identification of learning disabled and gifted students as well as the characteristics of a group which has gotten little attention, the gifted\\/LD. The ways in which gifted\\/learning disabled students are presently

Cheryl Walker Gunderson; Cheryn Maesch; Janice Willis Rees

1987-01-01

481

UNIVERSITY OF CAPE TOWN DISABILITY SERVICE  

E-print Network

the Disability Service Volunteer Register We invite any interested students or staff to add their names for assistance from disabled students or to participate in specific projects. Scanning and Editing Champions WeUNIVERSITY OF CAPE TOWN DISABILITY SERVICE Promoting Access and Developing Solutions Join

Jarrett, Thomas H.

482

Disability Policy Staff, Students and Visitors  

E-print Network

1 Disability Policy Staff, Students and Visitors December 2011 (This policy is yet to be ratified of equal opportunities for disabled staff and students and aims to create an environment which enables them recognises that disabled students and staff are an integral part of the university community. It takes as its

Doran, Simon J.

483

Page 1 of 67 DISABILITY EQUALITY SCHEME  

E-print Network

(Students) 19 9.1 Data Monitoring 19 9.2 Support for Disabled Applicants and Students 20 9.2.1 Admissions 20Page 1 of 67 DISABILITY EQUALITY SCHEME & ACTION PLAN 2006 - 2009 #12;Page 2 of 67 CONTENTS TABLE SECTION CONTENTS PAGE Vice Chancellor's Statement 4 1.0 Principles of the University's Disability Equality

Feigon, Brooke

484

forNew Students with Disabilities  

E-print Network

Handbook forNew Students with Disabilities Berkeley universityofcalifornia Fall 2013 #12;Dear or graduate education. The Disabled Students' Program (DSP) is committed to ensuring that you have equal with disabilities.These services are individually designed, and based on the specific needs of each student

Jacobs, Lucia

485

Redefining disability: maleficent, unjust and inconsistent.  

PubMed

Disability activists' redefinition of "disability" as a social, rather than a medical, problem attempts to reassign causality. We explicate the untenable implications of this approach and argue this definition is maleficent, unjust, and inconsistent. Thus, redefining disability as a socially caused phenomenon is, from a moral point of view, ill-advised. PMID:19074236

Cox-White, Becky; Boxall, Susanna Flavia

2008-12-01

486

Cleartalk: Police Responding to Intellectual Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cleartalk project was developed in New South Wales (Australia) to help police respond to the communication needs of people with intellectual disabilities. Section 1 presents "The View from the Street: A Working Knowledge of Intellectual Disability," which discusses how individuals with intellectual disabilities are denied their right of access…

Brennan, Mark; Brennan, Roslin

487

Paddling with Individuals with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a variety of literature that offers adaptations and teaching suggestions for paddling with individuals who have physical disabilities, only a few address the needs of individuals with developmental disabilities (Gullion, 2009; Zeller, 2009). Developmental disabilities refer to a diverse group of severe chronic conditions that are…

Todd, Teri; Medina, Jacquie

2013-01-01

488

Disability Documentation: Using All the Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to disability documentation have long been grounds for contention among postsecondary disability service providers. While the new AHEAD Documentation Guidance seems to be creating the usual intensity and heat among its members, there does seem to be a data-based middle ground. The AHEAD Guidance recommends that disability service…

Shaw, Stan F.

2012-01-01

489

Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

2013-01-01

490

Telecommunications Access for Rural Americans with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines reasons why community action is needed to assure both physical and economic access to telecommunications for rural people with disabilities. Discusses the rural-urban geography of disability in America, rural problems in rehabilitation service delivery, recent federal legislation on telecommunications and disabilities, and key…

Seekins, Tom; Enders, Alexandra

1999-01-01

491

Workplace Discrimination and the Perception of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article documents the employment discrimination experienced by Americans "regarded as" disabled (but not medically verified as such), using the Integrated Mission System of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Claimants who were perceived as disabled, as contrasted with those with documented disabilities, were more likely…

Draper, William R.; Reid, Christine A.; McMahon, Brian T.

2011-01-01

492

Digest of Data on Persons with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes existing data on persons with disabilities in narrative and tabular form. The first section considers definition and measurement of disability including such topics as activity limitation, functional limitation, special population groups and measures, chronic conditions, work disability, federal benefit programs, and state…

Ficke, Robert C.

493

Disability and identity: the challenge of epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through examining the case of people with epilepsy (which, as we demonstrate, has an ambiguous status in relation to both popular and academic conceptions of disability) we explore the fluid, negotiable and contingent nature of identity and, in particular, the identification as ‘disabled’. Disability, we argue, cannot be reduced to either biology or social oppression, or even primarily to biological

Penny Rhodes; Andrew Nocon; Neil Small; John Wright

2008-01-01

494

Adventure for All: Disability Is No Handicap.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Red Ridge Center in northern Wales specializes in facilitating adventure-based outdoor activities for people with mental and sensory disabilities. Vignettes about two disabled persons--one with autism and the other with a severe mental disability--illustrate the benefits they derived from participation in outdoor activities. (SV)

Rose, Steve; Jones, Pete

1995-01-01

495

Disability, Schooling, and the Artifacts of Colonialism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rejects the essentialist notion of the need to exclude children with disabilities from the school community, tracing the origin of disability segregation to the advent of western colonialism and demonstrating the symbiotic relationship between cultural and racial oppression and the oppression of people with disabilities. The paper strongly…

Kliewer, Christopher; Fitzgerald, Linda May

2001-01-01

496

Caring for inpatients with learning disabilities.  

PubMed

People with learning disabilities are more than twice as likely as the rest of the population to experience ill health, yet their health needs are often poorly met. This article describes the implementation and evaluation of an education project, led by community learning disability nurses, to improve the care of patients with learning disabilities in hospital. PMID:21910308

Buchanan, Dee

497

Office of Disability Support Service 0106 Shoemaker  

E-print Network

, educational background, and measured intelligence. Expressive Language Disorder a communication disorder concepts can also be impacted. Disorder of Written Expression a type of learning disability in which Disability? A person with a Learning Disability has difficulty taking in, remembering, or expressing

Li, Teng

498

Disabled Veterans on the Job Front.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabled Veterans Outreach Program (DVOP) administered by the Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration arranges training and placement for disabled veterans in local job service offices. These employees then assist in placing other disabled veterans on jobs. Some typical DVOP success stories are described. (MF)

Walker, Michael J.

1978-01-01

499

Responsiveness to Intervention and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) is a national committee representing 11 organizations concerned about individuals with learning disabilities. The NJCLD considers and discusses contemporary issues in learning disabilities and develops and disseminates reports and statements related to these issues to influence policy…

Learning Disability Quarterly, 2005

2005-01-01

500

Workplace Disability Management: International Trends and Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social and economic costs of injury and disability in the workplace has had an adverse impact on employers and societies throughout the world. International trends in worksite disability management policies and practices, as surveyed by the International Labor Organization, are explored. The impact of formal training for Disability Management Coordinators is discussed, as relates to reductions in unnecessary lost

Donald E. Shrey; Norman C. Hursh

1999-01-01