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1

Incidence of sexual dysfunction in neurologic disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients and their families are frequently faced with changes in sexual behavior after the onset of a neurologic disability. Health professionals who familiarize themselves with the physical and psychological problems affecting sexuality can facilitate diagnosis and enhance the success of treatment programs. This article will review the available literature on the incidence of sexual dysfunction in neurologic disabilities frequently seen

Fae H. Garden

1991-01-01

2

Comparison of Assessment Results of Children with Low Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a research study that assessed young children with a low incidence disability, specifically Cri-du-Chat Syndrome (CDSC). A description of the concerns of assessing individuals with low incidence disabilities is described. Parent reports (using the Development Observation Checklist System) on the functioning of their children…

Campbell, Dennis J.; Reilly, AmySue; Henley, Joan

2008-01-01

3

Low Incidence Disabilities Project: Master's Degree Training in Infant Special Education with an Emphasis in Low Incidence Disabilities. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the outcomes of a federally funded project that was designed to train master's degree students as early interventionists with skills and abilities to work with infants and toddlers with low incidence disabilities and their families. The low incidence disabilities that were the focus of the training were multisystem…

Jarret, Marian H.

4

Sleep Complaints and Incident Disability in a Community-Based Cohort Study of Older Persons.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: Sleep complaints are associated with adverse health consequences. We hypothesized that non-disabled older persons with more sleep complaints have an increased risk of developing disability. METHODS: Subjects included 908 older clergy participating in the Religious Order Study without clinical dementia, history of stroke, or Parkinson disease. At baseline, participants rated their difficulty falling asleep, frequency of nocturnal awakenings, sleep efficacy, and napping frequency, from which a summary dyssomnia measure was derived. Self-report assessment of disability included instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), basic activities of daily living (ADLs), and Rosow-Breslau mobility disability at baseline and at annual evaluations. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 9.6 (SD: 4.2) years. At baseline, more than 60% had one or more sleep complaints. In a series of Cox proportional hazards models controlling for age, sex, and education, a one-point higher dyssomnia score at baseline was associated with about 20% increased risk of IADL disability (hazard ratio: 1.20; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-1.39; ?(2)1 = 7.62; p <0.05), about 27% increased risk of ADL disability (hazard ratio: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.10-1.47; ?(2)1 = 12.15; p <0.01), and about 27% increased risk of mobility disability (hazard ratio: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.09-1.48; ?(2)1 = 11.04; p <0.01). These associations did not vary by age, sex, or education and remained significant after controlling for potential confounders including body mass index, chronic medical conditions, and several common medications. Controlling for depressive symptoms attenuated the association between sleep complaints and incident IADL and ADL disabilities but the association between sleep complaints and incident mobility disability remained significant. CONCLUSION: Non-disabled older adults with more sleep complaints have an increased risk of developing disability. PMID:23567404

Park, Margaret; Buchman, Aron S; Lim, Andrew S P; Leurgans, Sue E; Bennett, David A

2013-03-25

5

Nonfatal farm injury incidence and disability to children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To summarize the literature on farm child nonfatal injury incidence and the subsequent disability to children.Search Strategy: We used a systematic process to search the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, NTIS and NIOSHTIC. The reference lists from each potentially eligible study were checked and experts in the field contacted for additional reports.Selection Criteria: Studies for selection had to meet

Deborah B Reed; Deborah T Claunch

2000-01-01

6

MOBILITY, DISABILITY, AND SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT IN OLDER ADULTS  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine cross-sectional associations between mobility with or without disability and social engagement in a community-based sample of older adults Methods Social engagement of participants (n=676) was outside the home (participation in organizations and use of senior centers) and in home (talking by phone and use of internet). Logistic or proportional odds models evaluated the association between social engagement and position in the disablement process (no mobility limitations, mobility limitations/no disability, and mobility limitations/disability). Results Low mobility was associated with lower level of social engagement of all forms (OR=0.59, CI: 0.41–0.85 for organizations; OR=0.67, CI: 0.42–1.06 for senior center; OR=0.47, CI: 0.32–0.70 for phone; OR=0.38, CI: 0.23–0.65 for internet). For social engagement outside the home, odds of engagement were further reduced for individuals with disability. Discussion Low mobility is associated with low social engagement even in the absence of disability; associations with disability differed by type of social engagement.

Rosso, Andrea L.; Taylor, Jennifer A.; Tabb, Loni Philip; Michael, Yvonne L.

2013-01-01

7

Understanding mobile phone requirements for young adults with cognitive disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones have transformed the way we communicate with friends and family, coordinate our daily activities, and organize our lives. For families with children with cognitive disabilities there is widespread hope, though not always fulfilled, that personal technologies - particularly mobile phones - can bring a dramatic increase in their children's level of safety, independence, and social connectedness. In this

Melissa Dawe

2007-01-01

8

Brief Report: A Growth Mixture Model of Occupational Aspirations of Individuals with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A previous longitudinal study of the occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities revealed multiple longitudinal patterns for individuals with learning disabilities or emotional-behavioral disorders. Growth mixture modeling was used to determine whether individuals in these two high-incidence disabilities groups (N =…

Lee, In Heok; Rojewski, Jay W.

2013-01-01

9

Comparing Characteristics of High-Incidence Disability Groups: A Descriptive Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 2 decades ago, Hallahan and Kauffman and others suggested a cross-categorical approach to teaching students identified with high-incidence disabilities (i.e., emotional-behavioral disabilities, learning disabilities, and mild intellectual disabilities) because their behavioral and academic characteristics were seen to be more similar…

Sabornie, Edward J.; Evans, Chan; Cullinan, Douglas

2006-01-01

10

Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

Mansha Mirza

2011-01-01

11

Academic Engaged Time of Students with Low-Incidence Disabilities in General Education Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic engaged time of six children with low-incidence disabilities in general education elementary classes was compared to six students without disabilities from the same classes and six students without disabilities from different, non-inclusive classes. No significant differences were found between academic responding and task management…

McDonnell, John; And Others

1997-01-01

12

The role of mobile computed tomography in mass fatality incidents.  

PubMed

Mobile multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) scanners are potentially available to temporary mortuaries and can be operational within 20 min of arrival. We describe, to our knowledge, the first use of mobile MDCT for a mass fatality incident. A mobile MDCT scanner attended the disaster mortuary after a five vehicle road traffic incident. Five out of six bodies were successfully imaged by MDCT in c. 15 min per body. Subsequent full radiological analysis took c. 1 h per case. The results were compared to the autopsy examinations. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of imaging with mobile MDCT in relation to mass fatality work, illustrating the body pathway process, and its role in the identification of the pathology, personal effects, and health and safety hazards. We propose that the adoption of a single modality of mobile MDCT could replace the current use of multiple radiological sources within a mass fatality mortuary. PMID:17868270

Rutty, Guy N; Robinson, Claire E; BouHaidar, Ralph; Jeffery, Amanda J; Morgan, Bruno

2007-11-01

13

Reading Disability in an Epidemiological Context: Incidence and Environmental Correlates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among four-year groups of children in a school system (266 girls, 284 boys), 4 percent had a reading disability and 2.7 percent were "slow learners." Reading disabled boys tended to be later born in their families. Lower reading scores were associated with hot birth month temperatures for all socioeconomic groups. (Author/CL)

Badian, Nathlie A.

1984-01-01

14

The Prevalence and Incidence of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence, and incidence, of mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities and autism were compared with the whole population with intellectual disabilities, and with controls, matched individually for age, gender, ability-level, and Down syndrome. Although the adults with autism had a higher point prevalence of problem…

Melville, Craig A.; Cooper, Sally-Ann; Morrison, Jill; Smiley, Elita; Allan, Linda; Jackson, Alison; Finlayson, Janet; Mantry, Dipali

2008-01-01

15

Prospective Analyses of Childhood Factors and Antisocial Behavior for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This prospective longitudinal study investigated the association between childhood factors (individual, family, and school characteristics) and later antisocial behavior (official juvenile delinquency and adult crime) for students identified with high-incidence disabilities (i.e., learning disabilities, emotional disturbance). The sample consisted…

Chen, Chin-Chih; Symons, Frank J.; Reynolds, Arthur J.

2011-01-01

16

Community-Based Summer Work Experiences of Adolescents with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although summer offers a natural context for adolescents to gain community-based work experience, little is known about the extent to which youth with disabilities are accessing these transition-related opportunities. We examined the summer employment experiences of 220 youth with high-incidence disabilities at two time points. Although more than…

Carter, Erik W.; Trainor, Audrey A.; Ditchman, Nicole; Swedeen, Beth; Owens, Laura

2011-01-01

17

Temporal Changes in Incidence and Prevalence of Intellectual Disability between Two Birth Cohorts in Northern Finland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study that followed two genetically homogenous cohorts of Finnish children born in 1966 (n=11,965) and 1965-1986 (n=9,432), found there was no change in total incidence of intellectual disability. However, there was a shift from severe and moderate towards mild; whereas profound intellectual disability remained at the same level. (Contains…

Heikura, Ulla; Taanila, Anja; Olsen, Paivi; Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa; Wendt, Lennart von; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta

2003-01-01

18

Academic engaged time of students with low-incidence disabilities in general education classes.  

PubMed

Academic engaged time of 6 students with low-incidence disabilities enrolled in a general elementary classrooms for reading or math and at least one other subject was compared to that of 6 students without disabilities from the same classes and 6 students without disabilities from different classes that were not inclusive. Three dependent measures used were frequency of observation intervals that students were engaged in academic responding, task management, and competing behaviors. Results showed no significant differences in academic responding and task management behaviors of students with and without disabilities enrolled in general education classes, significant differences between these groups on frequency of competing behaviors, no significant differences between students without disabilities on academic responding and task management, and significant differences between students without disabilities on frequency of competing behaviors. PMID:9046783

McDonnell, J; Thorson, N; McQuivey, C; Kiefer-O'Donnell, R

1997-02-01

19

Brief report: a growth mixture model of occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities.  

PubMed

A previous longitudinal study of the occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities revealed multiple longitudinal patterns for individuals with learning disabilities or emotional-behavioral disorders. Growth mixture modeling was used to determine whether individuals in these two high-incidence disabilities groups (N = 585) possessed heterogeneous aspirations trajectories. Two distinct classes emerged. Among selected covariates (inc., gender, SES, locus of control, self-concept, mathematics achievement), only gender and SES significantly distinguished group membership. While no covariates were significantly related to the growth factors for latent class 2 (low aspirations), math achievement and SES were significantly related to initial aspirations in latent class 1 (high aspirations). Moreover, for latent class 1, the occupational aspirations of individuals with learning disabilities became increasingly lower than adolescents with emotional-behavior disorders after high school. Possible explanations for this phenomenon are considered. PMID:23219251

Lee, In Heok; Rojewski, Jay W

2013-02-01

20

Handgrip strength predicts incident disability in non-disabled older men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Objectives: to verify if hand-grip performance,in older men,is a predictor of disability. Design: population-based prospective,study. Setting: a sample from the Italian rural cohorts of the FINE study (Finland, Italy, Netherlands Elderly), representative of the general population,of elderly men,surveyed,in 1991 and 1995. Participants: 140 men aged 71?91 years who reported no disability in performing activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental

Simona Giampaoli; L Uigi Ferrucci; F Rancesca Cecchi; C Inzia Lo Noce; A Gata Poce; FRANCESCO DIMA; A UGUSTO SANTAQUILANI; M ARIA FENICIA VESCIO; A LESSANDRO MENOTTI

1999-01-01

21

Low Micronutrient Levels as a Predictor of Incident Disability in Older Women  

PubMed Central

Background The role of nutritional status in the disablement process is still unclear. The objective of this study was to assess whether low concentrations of nutrients predict the development and course of disability. Methods Longitudinal study including community-dwelling women 65 years or older enrolled in the Women’s Health and Aging Study I. In total, 643 women were assessed prospectively at 6-month intervals from 1992 to 1995. Results Incidence rates of disability in activities of daily living (ADLs) during 3 years of follow-up. Incidence rates in the lowest quartile of each selected nutrient were compared with those in the upper quartiles. The hazard ratios were estimated from Cox models adjusted for potential confounders. Women in the lowest quartile of serum concentrations of vitamin B6 (hazard ratio [HR], 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03–1.67), vitamin B12 (HR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.12–1.74), and selenium (HR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.12–1.71) had significantly higher risk of disability in ADLs during 3 years of follow-up compared with women in the upper 3 quartiles. Conclusions Low serum concentrations of vitamins B6 and B12 and selenium predict subsequent disability in ADLs in older women living in the community. Nutritional status is one of the key factors to be considered in the development of strategies aimed at preventing or delaying the disablement process.

Bartali, Benedetta; Semba, Richard D.; Frongillo, Edward A.; Varadhan, Ravi; Ricks, Michelle O.; Blaum, Caroline S.; Ferrucci, Luigi; Guralnik, Jack M.; Fried, Linda P.

2009-01-01

22

Prevalence and Incidence of Myocardial Infarction and Cerebrovascular Accident in Ageing Persons with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Epidemiological information on age-related cardiovascular disease in people with intellectual disability (ID) is scarce and inconclusive. We compared prevalence and incidence of cerebrovascular accident and myocardial infarction over age 50 in a residential population with ID to that in a general practice population. Method: Lifetime…

Jansen, J.; Rozeboom, W.; Penning, C.; Evenhuis, H. M.

2013-01-01

23

Assessment of Cognitive Ability of Students with Severe and Low-Incidence Disabilities--Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with severe and low-incidence disabilities comprise a heterogeneous population that often presents a challenge to the professionals charged with evaluating their skills and abilities. This is especially true in conducting a valid assessment of the cognitive ability of these children. Often, school psychologists are limited to the use of…

Crepeau-Hobson, Franci; Vujeva, Hana

2012-01-01

24

The Academic Engaged Time of Students with Low Incidence Disabilities in General Education Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the academic engaged time of six students with low incidence disabilities who were enrolled in general elementary classrooms. These students participated in regular classes for reading or math, and at least one other subject area. The academic engaged time of these students was compared to that of six students without…

McDonnell, John; And Others

25

Incidence of road traffic disabilities trending upwards in transitional China: a retrospective analysis from 1980 to 2005  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the change in incidence rates of road traffic disabilities from 1980 to 2005 in China. Methods We employed the 2006 China National Sample Survey on Disability to derive weighted number of persons with disabilities resulting from road crashes and weighted age-gender-specific population at risk by disability occurrence year. The annual incidence rate of road traffic disabilities and corresponding 95% CI were estimated. We used the World Population Prospects (WPP) and the death rate of people with disabilities (PWD) to estimate potential earlier loss of lives before 2006. Both WPP-adjusted and PWD-adjusted incidence rates of road traffic disabilities were further adjusted using the life table analysis. Results The WPP-adjusted incidence rate for road traffic disabilities increased over time from 1.50 (95% CI 1.47 to 1.52) in 1980 to 11.19 (95% CI 11.13 to 11.25) per 100?000 persons in 2005. The PWD-adjusted incidence rate also increased from 1.71 (95% CI 1.68 to 1.73) to 11.51 (95% CI 11.45 to 11.57) per 100?000 persons. Conclusions Road crashes disable thousands of Chinese and remain a significant population health and development problem. The increasing burden of road traffic disabilities calls for more efforts and specific strategies to improve road safety in China.

Liu, Lan; Du, Wei; Pang, Lihua; Chen, Gong; Zheng, Xiaoying

2014-01-01

26

Incidence of cataracts in the mobile eye hospitals of Nepal.  

PubMed

The incidence of cataract in Nepal was determined from data collected in 14 mobile eye hospitals (called 'eye camps'). Of a total of 12,217 patients examined in the out-patient department (OPD), cataract surgery was performed on 2,163. The percentage of cataract patients in the OPD was less in the mountains (13.8%) than in the Tarai plains (19.8%). In the inhabitants of the mountains, the majority of whom belong to the Tibeto-Birman race, cataracts appeared at a significantly later age in both males and females compared to the people of the plains, who are mostly Indo-Aryan. Cataracts were discovered in both groups at a younger age in women than in men. PMID:7056477

Brandt, F; Malla, O K; Pradhan, Y M; Prasad, L N; Rai, N C; Pokharel, R P; Lakhe, S

1982-01-01

27

Physical Activity Among Persons Aging with Mobility Disabilities: Shaping a Research Agenda  

PubMed Central

With the aging of the baby boomer population and their accompanying burden of disease, future disability rates are expected to increase. This paper summarizes the state of the evidence regarding physical activity and aging for individuals with mobility disability and proposes a healthy aging research agenda for this population. Using a previously published framework, we present evidence in order to compile research recommendations in four areas focusing on older adults with mobility disability: (1) prevalence of physical activity, (2) health benefits of physical activity, (3) correlates of physical activity participation, and, (4) promising physical activity intervention strategies. Overall, findings show a dearth of research examining physical activity health benefits, correlates (demographic, psychological, social, and built environment), and interventions among persons aging with mobility disability. Further research is warranted.

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Bombardier, Charles H.; Hoffman, Jeanne M.; Belza, Basia

2011-01-01

28

Smoking and alcohol consumption patterns among elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities  

PubMed Central

Background Mobility disability is a major adverse health outcome associated with aging and an impediment to older adults’ well-being and behaviors in social and leisure activities. It has been shown that lifestyle factors, including smoking and alcohol consumption, have been used as coping strategies to deal with the negative impact of disability. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of smoking and alcohol consumption among older Canadians with different levels of mobility disabilities and to examine factors associated with these two lifestyle patterns among those with disabilities. Methods Secondary data analysis was performed using individuals (n?=?6,038) aged 65 years and older from both the 2001 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey and the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions examined the relationship between disability severity and smoking as well as alcohol consumption while controlling for potential confounding socioeconomic factors. Results The proportion of current smokers among seniors with less-severe and more-severe mobility disabilities and those in the general population was comparable with 12.55%, 11.57% and 11.93%, respectively. Forty-eight percent of seniors in the general population consumed alcohol regularly, compared to only 12.85% with more-severe mobility disabilities. No significant association was shown between the severity level of mobility disabilities and smoking (odds ratio?=?0.90, 95% confidence interval: 0.75, 1.08). However, seniors having more-severe disability were less likely to consume alcohol regularly (odds ratio?=?0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.65, 0.89). Other variables including age, gender, income, living status, and social participation also impacted these lifestyle patterns among the study population. Conclusions Smoking and alcohol patterns present different associations with the severity level of mobility disabilities. Compared with the general population, elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities had similar smoking prevalence but differ significantly in terms of alcohol consumption. Results from this research will be relevant to decision makers involved in program planning, health education, and policy development as it pertains to the prevention and management of age-related disability.

2013-01-01

29

Effects of Increased Mobility Skills on Meaningful Life Participation for an Adult with Severe Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a case study of an adult with severe, multiple disabilities and discusses issues affecting meaningful life participation. Emphasis is placed on the role of functional mobility skills to increase active engagement in age-appropriate activities and opportunities to make informed choices. MOVE for Adults (Mobility Opportunities…

Whinnery, Stacie B.; Whinnery, Keith W.

2012-01-01

30

The Prevalence, Incidence, and Factors Predictive of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Profound Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There are no previous studies of the prevalence and incidence of mental ill-health in adults with profound intellectual disabilities. Method: In this population-based prospective cohort study, adults with profound intellectual disabilities underwent psychiatric assessment (n = 184), with further assessment after 2 years (n = 131).…

Cooper, Sally-Ann; Smiley, Elita; Finlayson, Janet; Jackson, Alison; Allan, Linda; Williamson, Andrew; Mantry, Dipali; Morrison, Jillian

2007-01-01

31

Online Reading Comprehension among Seventh Grade Students with High Incidence Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because research exploring how students with disabilities read and comprehend on the Internet is scarce, a mixed methods study was implemented to determine if Internet Reciprocal Teaching (IRT) is an effective intervention for improving online reading comprehension among seventh grade students with high-incidence disabilities in inclusive…

Robbins, Katherine R.

2010-01-01

32

Health-risk behaviors and protective factors among adolescents with mobility impairments and learning and emotional disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To identify the risk involvement of three groups of young people with disabilities relative to a comparison group: mobility impairments, learning disabilities, and emotional disabilities. Protective factors are explored to identify which individual, family, and school factors are associated with diminished risk.Methods: Analyses are based on the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a nationally representative sample

Robert W Blum; Anne Kelly; Marjorie Ireland

2001-01-01

33

Incidence, prevalence, and hybrid approaches to calculating disability-adjusted life years  

PubMed Central

When disability-adjusted life years are used to measure the burden of disease on a population in a time interval, they can be calculated in several different ways: from an incidence, pure prevalence, or hybrid perspective. I show that these calculation methods are not equivalent and discuss some of the formal difficulties each method faces. I show that if we don’t discount the value of future health, there is a sense in which the choice of calculation method is a mere question of accounting. Such questions can be important, but they don’t raise deep theoretical concerns. If we do discount, however, choice of calculation method can change the relative burden attributed to different conditions over time. I conclude by recommending that studies involving disability-adjusted life years be explicit in noting what calculation method is being employed and in explaining why that calculation method has been chosen.

2012-01-01

34

Obstacle Course Training Can Improve Mobility and Prevent Falls in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) constitute a special-needs population at high risk of falling. This is the first study to evaluate whether obstacle course training can improve mobility and prevent falls in this population. Methods: The intervention was implemented as part of an institution-wide health care improvement plan…

Van Hanegem, E.; Enkelaar, L.; Smulders, E.; Weerdesteyn, V.

2014-01-01

35

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

36

Secondary Disabilities among American Indians in Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of incidence of secondary disabilities, completed by 75 disabled Native American adults on 3 Montana reservations, indicated fair to poor ratings for overall health and independence, high incidence/severity for problems of mobility and access, and problems with behavioral components, such as pain, fatigue, and depression. (SV)

Clay, Julie Anna; And Others

1992-01-01

37

Food Access Patterns and Barriers among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

PubMed Central

We examined where midlife and older adults with a mobility disability accessed food outside the home in King County, Washington, USA, how they travelled to these food destinations, and facilitators and barriers to food access using qualitative interviews. Thirty-five adults aged ?50 years with a mobility disability (defined as use of an assistive device for mobility) were interviewed. Supplemental objective information was obtained from a Global Positioning System device worn by participants for 3 days. Participants primarily accessed food at grocery stores, restaurants, and coffee shops/cafés. The most common transportation modes were walking, obtaining a ride from friends, motorized chair/scooter, and public transit. Location and proximity of food destinations were factors affecting participants' ability to access these destinations. Adequate space, ease of entry, available amenities such as restrooms, and helpful people were facilitators for participants to access food outside the home.

Huang, Deborah L.; Rosenberg, Dori E.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2012-01-01

38

Balance training to maintain mobility and prevent disability.  

PubMed

Balance is important for the safe performance of many activities that allow older people to remain independent in their community. Housework, cooking, shopping, and travel generally require the ability to stand, reach, turn, and bend down and pick up objects from the floor. Multiple interacting factors are implicated in the deterioration of balance. Several strategies have been tested to improve balance and reduce falls. Home-based individualized training that attempted to improve identified deficits reduced falls and improved physical performance and stabilized or reduced disability. Home-based exercise programs that included low-intensity strength and balance training have improved balance and reduced fall rates by about 40% compared to controls. Class-based exercise programs in senior centers or exercise centers have improved balance and physical performance, and some have reduced falls. Programs such as tai chi and social dance look promising and should be further investigated. PMID:14552939

Judge, James Oat

2003-10-01

39

Health beliefs, low mood, and somatizing tendency: contribution to incidence and persistence of musculoskeletal pain with and without reported disability  

PubMed Central

Objective This study aims to investigate whether associations of psychological risk factors with the incidence and persistence of disabling musculoskeletal pain differ from those for non-disabling musculoskeletal pain. Methods As part of the international Cultural and Psychosocial Influences in Disability (CUPID) study, 1105 Spanish nurses and office workers were asked at baseline about health beliefs concerning pain, mental health, and somatizing tendency. Musculoskeletal pain in the past months at ten anatomical sites (back, neck, and left and right shoulder, elbow, wrist/hand, and knee) was ascertained at baseline and one year later. Pain was classed as disabling if it made one or more specified everyday activities difficult or impossible. Multilevel multinomial logistic regression modeling was used to explore associations of baseline risk factors with pain outcomes at follow-up, conditioned on pain status at baseline. Results A total of 971 participants (87.9%) completed follow-up. Among anatomical sites that were pain-free at baseline, the development of disabling musculoskeletal pain was predicted by pessimistic beliefs about pain prognosis [odds ratio (OR) 1.5, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.0–2.1], poor mental health (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.3–3.0), and somatizing tendency (OR 4.0, 95% CI 2.5–6.4). Adverse beliefs about prognosis were also associated with the transition from non-disabling to disabling musculoskeletal pain (OR 3.7, 95% CI 1.1–12.5) and the persistence of disabling musculoskeletal pain (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.2–5.5), which was already present at baseline. Associations with non-disabling musculoskeletal pain were weaker and less consistent. Conclusion Our findings suggest that established psychological risk factors relate principally to the disability that arises from musculoskeletal pain.

Vargas-Prada, Sergio; Martinez, Jose Miguel; Coggon, David; Delclos, George; Benavides, Fernando G; Serra, Consol

2013-01-01

40

Toward the Characterization of Building Occupancies for Fire Safety Engineering: Prevalence, Type, and Mobility of Disabled People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is the first in a series of four that collectively provide a substantial body of knowledge on the egress capabilities of disabled people who frequent public-assembly buildings. Here, the results are given of an analysis of survey data estimating the numbers and types of disabled people who are mobile beyond their own homes, the degree of assistance they

K. E. Boyce; T. J. Shields; G. W. H. Silcock

1999-01-01

41

Environmental and state-level regulatory factors affect the incidence of autism and intellectual disability.  

PubMed

Many factors affect the risks for neurodevelopmental maladies such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID). To compare environmental, phenotypic, socioeconomic and state-policy factors in a unified geospatial framework, we analyzed the spatial incidence patterns of ASD and ID using an insurance claims dataset covering nearly one third of the US population. Following epidemiologic evidence, we used the rate of congenital malformations of the reproductive system as a surrogate for environmental exposure of parents to unmeasured developmental risk factors, including toxins. Adjusted for gender, ethnic, socioeconomic, and geopolitical factors, the ASD incidence rates were strongly linked to population-normalized rates of congenital malformations of the reproductive system in males (an increase in ASD incidence by 283% for every percent increase in incidence of malformations, 95% CI: [91%, 576%], p<6×10(-5)). Such congenital malformations were barely significant for ID (94% increase, 95% CI: [1%, 250%], p?=?0.0384). Other congenital malformations in males (excluding those affecting the reproductive system) appeared to significantly affect both phenotypes: 31.8% ASD rate increase (CI: [12%, 52%], p<6×10(-5)), and 43% ID rate increase (CI: [23%, 67%], p<6×10(-5)). Furthermore, the state-mandated rigor of diagnosis of ASD by a pediatrician or clinician for consideration in the special education system was predictive of a considerable decrease in ASD and ID incidence rates (98.6%, CI: [28%, 99.99%], p?=?0.02475 and 99% CI: [68%, 99.99%], p?=?0.00637 respectively). Thus, the observed spatial variability of both ID and ASD rates is associated with environmental and state-level regulatory factors; the magnitude of influence of compound environmental predictors was approximately three times greater than that of state-level incentives. The estimated county-level random effects exhibited marked spatial clustering, strongly indicating existence of as yet unidentified localized factors driving apparent disease incidence. Finally, we found that the rates of ASD and ID at the county level were weakly but significantly correlated (Pearson product-moment correlation 0.0589, p?=?0.00101), while for females the correlation was much stronger (0.197, p<2.26×10(-16)). PMID:24625521

Rzhetsky, Andrey; Bagley, Steven C; Wang, Kanix; Lyttle, Christopher S; Cook, Edwin H; Altman, Russ B; Gibbons, Robert D

2014-03-01

42

Social Skills Instruction for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: A School-Based Intervention to Address Acquisition Deficits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the results of a prescriptive, classroom- based social skills intervention program for 7 students with high-incidence disabilities receiving services in a self-contained, special education classroom. Students participated in 12 hours of social skills training, led by a paraprofessional and a student…

Miller, Mathew J.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Wehby, Joseph

2005-01-01

43

Incidence, Types and Characteristics of Aggressive Behaviour in Treatment Facilities for Adults with Mild Intellectual Disability and Severe Challenging Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Inpatient aggression in treatment facilities for persons with intellectual disability (ID) can have aversive consequences, for co-clients and staff, but also for the aggressors themselves. To manage and eventually prevent inpatient aggressive incidents, more knowledge about their types and characteristics is necessary. Method: In four…

Tenneij, N. H.; Koot, H. M.

2008-01-01

44

Gender differences in cognitive impairment and mobility disability in old age: a cross-sectional study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.  

PubMed

This study aims to examine differences in cognitive impairment and mobility disability between older men and women in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, and to assess the extent to which these differences could be attributable to gender inequalities in life course social and health conditions. Data were collected on 981 men and women aged 50 and older in a 2010 cross-sectional health survey conducted in the Ouagadougou Health and Demographic Surveillance System. Cognitive impairment was assessed using the Leganés cognitive test. Mobility disability was self-reported as having any difficulty walking 400 m without assistance. We used logistic regression to assess gender differences in cognitive impairment and mobility disability. Prevalence of cognitive impairment was 27.6% in women and 7.7% in men, and mobility disability was present in 51.7% of women and 26.5% of men. The women to men odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for cognitive impairment and mobility disability was 3.52 (1.98-6.28) and 3.79 (2.47-5.85), respectively, after adjusting for the observed life course social and health conditions. The female excess was only partially explained by gender inequalities in nutritional status, marital status and, to a lesser extent, education. Among men and women, age, childhood hunger, lack of education, absence of a partner and being underweight were independent risk factors for cognitive impairment, while age, childhood poor health, food insecurity and being overweight were risk factors for mobility disability. Enhancing nutritional status and education opportunities throughout life span could prevent cognitive impairment and mobility disability and partly reduce the female excess in these disabilities. PMID:23827740

Onadja, Yentéma; Atchessi, Nicole; Soura, Bassiahi Abdramane; Rossier, Clémentine; Zunzunegui, Maria-Victoria

2013-01-01

45

The effect of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization on pain and disability in cervical radiculopathy. A case report.  

PubMed

Cervical radiculopathy is the result of cervical nerve root pathology that may lead to chronic pain and disability. Although manual therapy interventions including cervical traction and neural mobilization have been advocated to decrease pain and disability caused by cervical radiculopathy, their analgesic effect has been questioned due to the low quality of research evidence. The purpose of this paper is to present the effect of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization on pain and disability in a patient experiencing cervical radiculopathy. A 52-year-old woman presented with a 2 month history of neurological cervico-brachial pain and whose presentation was consistent with cervical radiculopathy. Cervical traction and a slider neural mobilization of the medial nerve were applied simultaneously to reduce the patient's pain and disability measured at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks using the Numeric Pain Rating Scale, the Neck Disability Index and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale. Improvements in all outcome measures were noted over a period of four weeks. Scores in all outcome measures revealed that the patient's pain had almost disappeared and that she was able to perform her household chores and job tasks without difficulties and limitations. In conclusion, the findings of this study support that the application of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization can produce significant improvements in terms of pain and disability in cervical radiculopathy. PMID:22818658

Savva, Christos; Giakas, Giannis

2013-10-01

46

Social Skills Instruction for Students With High-Incidence Disabilities: A School-Based Intervention to Address Acquisition Deficits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the results of a prescriptive, classroom-based social skills intervention program for 7 students with high-incidence disabilities receiving services in a self-contained, special education classroom. Students participated in 12 hours of social skills training, led by a paraprofessional and a student teacher, during the course of the traditional school day. Outcome measures included

Mathew J. Miller; Joseph Wehby

2005-01-01

47

Exploring Mobility Options for Children with Physical Disabilities: A Focus on Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study by Tefft et al. (2011, in this issue) is one of the few studies that have explored the impact of pediatric powered mobility on families. The parents who participated in their study reported increased satisfaction with their children's social and play skills, ability to move independently, sleeping patterns, and public perception of their…

Wiart, Lesley

2011-01-01

48

Measures of Physical Performance and Risk for Progressive and Catastrophic Disability: Results From the Women's Health and Aging Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Physical performance measures can predict incident disability, but little research has assessed and compared how these measures predict progressive and rapid-onset (catastrophic) disability. The authors evaluated the ability of upper and lower extremity performance measures to predict progressive and catastrophic disability in activities of daily living (ADL), mobility, and upper extremity function. Methods. The incidence of progressive and catastrophic

Graziano Onder; Brenda W. J. H. Penninx; Luigi Ferrucci; Linda P. Fried; Jack M. Guralnik; Marco Pahor

49

Mobile social network services for families with children with developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

As Internet technologies evolve, their applications have changed various aspects of human life. Here, we attempt to examine their potential impact on services for families with developmentally delayed children. Our research is thus designed to utilize wireless mobile communication technologies, location services, and search technology in an effort to match families of specific needs with potential care providers. Based on the investigation conducted by our counselors, this paper describes a platform for smooth communication between professional communities and families with children with developmental disabilities (CDD). This research also looks into the impact of management of mobile social network services and training on the operation of these services. Interaction opportunities, care, and support to families with CDD are introduced. PMID:21606040

Chou, Li-Der; Lai, Nien-Hwa; Chen, Yen-Wen; Chang, Yao-Jen; Yang, Jyun-Yan; Huang, Lien-Fu; Chiang, Wen-Ling; Chiu, Hung-Yi; Shin, Haw-Yun

2011-07-01

50

Social Capital during the Postsecondary Transition for Young Adults with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social capital, relationships, and networks among people who share resources with one another, is essential to the successful transition into adulthood for all individuals--with or without disabilities. Social capital is particularly valuable for youth with disabilities because it has the potential to create access to other forms of capital as…

Trainor, Audrey A.; Morningstar, Mary; Murray, Angela; Kim, Hyejung

2013-01-01

51

Risk Assessment: Actuarial Prediction and Clinical Judgement of Offending Incidents and Behaviour for Intellectual Disability Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research on prediction of violent and sexual offending behaviour has developed considerably in the mainstream criminological literature. Apart from one publication [Quinsey (2004) "Offenders with Developmental Disabilities," pp. 131-142] this has not been extended to the field of intellectual disabilities. Methods: Work on actuarial…

Lindsay, William R.; Beail, Nigel

2004-01-01

52

The Impact of Placement on Reading and Mathematics Achievement of Students with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of where best to educate students with disabilities to maximize their academic achievement has been discussed and researched for over four decades, with inconsistent and contradictory results. This study focused on the mathematics and reading achievement of middle and high school students with mild disabilities in an urban district in…

Harrington, Jennifer Stell

2011-01-01

53

Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Prevalence, Incidence and Remission of Aggressive Behaviour and Related Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Aggressive behaviours can be disabling for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), with negative consequences for the adult, their family and paid carers. It is surprising how little research has been conducted into the epidemiology of these needs, given the impact they can have. This study investigates point prevalence, 2-year…

Cooper, S.-A.; Smiley, E.; Jackson, A.; Finlayson, J.; Allan, L.; Mantry, D.; Morrison, J.

2009-01-01

54

Health Major Incident : The Experiences of Mobile Medical Team During Major Flood  

PubMed Central

Disaster is a sudden event that associated with ecological changes, disruption of normal daily activities, destruction of infrastructures, loss of properties, and medical disabilities. In disaster, there is a mismatch between available resources and patients need for healthcare service. During flood disaster, the victims were predisposed to different type of illnesses for various reasons such as inadequate supply of clean water, poor sanitation or drainage system, unhealthy foods, and over-crowded relief centers. Mobile clinic is an option for delivering medical care for the disaster victims who often have a difficulty to access to the medical facilities. In this article we would like to share our experiences during the provision of humanitarian services for flood victims at District of Muar Johor. Common illnesses among the flood victims at visited relief centers and advantages of Mobile Medical Relief Team were also highlighted and discussed.

Ahmad, Rashidi; Mohamad, Zainalabidin; Noh, Abu Yazid Mohd; Mohamad, Nasir; Hamzah, Mohd Saharudin Shah Che; Mohammed, Nik Ariff Nik; Baharudin, Kamarul Aryffin; Kamauzaman, Tuan Hairulnizam Tuan

2008-01-01

55

Suicide and Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: What Special Educators Need to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is the third leading cause of death in individuals ages 10 to 24. Researchers approximate that 17% to 29% of secondary school students seriously consider suicide and 8% attempt suicide. Students diagnosed with a disability may be at an even higher level of risk than their general education peers. Clearly knowing how to identify and how to…

Wachter, Carrie A.; Bouck, Emily C.

2008-01-01

56

Assessment of Cognitive Ability of Students with Severe and Low-Incidence Disabilities--Part 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment of cognitive ability in students with the most severe disabilities presents a challenge to the clinicians who are charged with this task. This article is the second of a two-part series that summarizes what is currently known about effective assessment of the cognitive ability of students with significant impairments in order to…

Crepeau-Hobson, Franci; Vujeva, Hana

2012-01-01

57

Injury Incidence and Patterns in Workers with Intellectual Disability: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Workplace safety is a concern in the employment of persons with intellectual disability, due to both real concerns for employee well-being, and the effect that negative perceptions of safety risk can have on hiring. Method: This study involved a retrospective analysis of workplace insurance claim records for workers with and without…

Lysaght, Rosemary; Sparring, Cynthia; Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Marshall, Carrie Anne

2011-01-01

58

Relation of physical activity time to incident disability in community dwelling adults with or at risk of knee arthritis: prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate whether objectively measured time spent in light intensity physical activity is related to incident disability and to disability progression. Design Prospective multisite cohort study from September 2008 to December 2012. Setting Baltimore, Maryland; Columbus, Ohio; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA. Participants Disability onset cohort of 1680 community dwelling adults aged 49 years or older with knee osteoarthritis or risk factors for knee osteoarthritis; the disability progression cohort included 1814 adults. Main outcome measures Physical activity was measured by accelerometer monitoring. Disability was ascertained from limitations in instrumental and basic activities of daily living at baseline and two years. The primary outcome was incident disability. The secondary outcome was progression of disability defined by a more severe level (no limitations, limitations to instrumental activities only, 1-2 basic activities, or ?3 basic activities) at two years compared with baseline. Results Greater time spent in light intensity activities had a significant inverse association with incident disability. Less incident disability and less disability progression were each significantly related to increasing quartile categories of daily time spent in light intensity physical activities (hazard ratios for disability onset 1.00, 0.62, 0.47, and 0.58, P for trend=0.007; hazard ratios for progression 1.00, 0.59, 0.50, and 0.53, P for trend=0.003) with control for socioeconomic factors (age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, income) and health factors (comorbidities, depressive symptoms, obesity, smoking, lower extremity pain and function, and knee assessments: osteoarthritis severity, pain, symptoms, prior injury). This finding was independent of time spent in moderate-vigorous activities. Conclusion These prospective data showed an association between greater daily time spent in light intensity physical activities and reduced risk of onset and progression of disability in adults with osteoarthritis of the knee or risk factors for knee osteoarthritis. An increase in daily physical activity time may reduce the risk of disability, even if the intensity of that additional activity is not increased.

2014-01-01

59

Effect of a multifactorial interdisciplinary intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people: randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Interventions that enhance mobility in frail older people are needed to maintain health and independence, yet definitive evidence of effective interventions is lacking. Our objective was to assess the impact of a multifactorial intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people. Methods We conducted a randomised, controlled trial with 241 frail community-dwelling older people in Sydney, Australia. Participants were classified as frail using the Cardiovascular Health Study definition, did not have severe cognitive impairment and were recently discharged from an aged care and rehabilitation service. The experimental group received a 12 month multifactorial, interdisciplinary intervention targeting identified frailty components. Two physiotherapists delivered a home exercise program targeting mobility, and coordinated management of psychological and medical conditions with other health professionals. The control group received usual care. Disability in the mobility domain was measured at baseline and at 3 and 12 months using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework. Participation (involvement in life situations) was assessed using the Life Space Assessment and the Goal Attainment Scale. Activity (execution of mobility tasks) was measured using the 4-metre walk and self-report measures. Results The mean age of participants was 83.3 years (SD: 5.9 years). Of the participants recruited, 216 (90%) were followed-up at 12 months. At this time point, the intervention group had significantly better scores than the control group on the Goal Attainment Scale (odds ratio 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3 to 3.3, P = 0.004) and Life Space Assessment (4.68 points, 95% CI 1.4 to 9.9, P = 0.005). There was no difference between groups on the global measure of participation or satisfaction with ability to get out of the house. At the activity level, the intervention group walked 0.05 m/s faster over 4 m (95% CI 0.0004 to 0.1, P = 0.048) than the control group, and scored higher on the Activity Measure for Post Acute Care (P < 0.001). Conclusions The intervention reduced mobility-related disability in frail older people. The benefit was evident at both the participation and activity levels of mobility-related disability. Trial registration Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register (ANZCTR): ANZCTRN12608000507381.

2012-01-01

60

Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Mojtahedi MC, Boblick P, Rimmer JH, Rowland JL, Jones RA, Braunschweig CL. Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods.

61

Use of accelerometry to measure physical activity in older adults at risk for mobility disability  

PubMed Central

We explored using the ActiGraph accelerometer to differentiate activity levels between participants in a physical activity (PA, n=54) or `successful aging' (SA) program (n = 52). The relationship between a PA questionnaire for older adults (CHAMPS) and accelerometry variables was also determined. Individualized accelerometry count thresholds (THRESHIND) measured during a 400-m walk were used to identify “meaningful activity.” Participants then wore the ActiGraph for 7 days. Results indicated more activity bouts·d?1 ? 10 min above THRESHIND in the PA group compared to SA group (1.1 ± 2.0 vs 0.5 ± 0.8, p = 0.05) and more activity counts·d?1 above THRESHIND for the PA group (28,101 ± 27,521) compared to the SA group (17,234 ± 15,620, p = 0.02). Correlations between activity counts·hr?1 and CHAMPS ranged from 0.27 – 0.42, p<0.01. The ActiGraph and THRESHIND may be useful for differentiating PA levels in older adults at risk for mobility disability.

Pruitt, Leslie A.; Glynn, Nancy W.; King, Abby C.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Aiken, Erin K.; Miller, Gary; Haskell, William L.

2010-01-01

62

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program: Rural Early Intervention Specialists for Low Incidence Disabilities (REIS/LID). Final Grant Performance Report [and] REIS/LID Student Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report describes accomplishments and activities of a 3-year federally funded project of the University of Maine to develop and deliver a graduate Master's degree program in early intervention for infants and young children with low incidence disabilities. A curriculum was designed to prepare professionals to provide culturally relevant,…

Maine Univ., Orono. Center for Community Inclusion.

63

Muscle Strength and BMI as Predictors of Major Mobility Disability in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P)  

PubMed Central

Background. Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. Methods. This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial in which sedentary functionally limited participants (70–89 years, Short Physical Performance Battery ? 9) who were able to complete a 400-m walk test at baseline were randomized to a physical activity or health education intervention and reassessed for major mobility disability every 6 months for up to 18 months. We evaluated whether baseline grip strength and BMI predicted failure to complete the 400-m walk test in 15 minutes or less (major mobility disability). Results. Among N = 406 participants with baseline measures, lower grip strength was associated with an increased risk for developing major mobility disability, with and without covariate adjustment (p < .01): The hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for the lowest versus high sex-specific quartile of grip strength was 6.11 (2.24–16.66). We observed a U-shaped relationship between baseline BMI and the risk of developing major mobility disability, such that the risk for participants with a BMI of 25–29 kg/m2 was approximately half that of participants with BMI less than 25 or 30 kg/m2 or more (p = .04 in fully adjusted analyses). Conclusions. Our data highlight the importance of muscle weakness, low BMI, and obesity as risk factors for major mobility disability in older adults. Being overweight may be protective for major mobility disability.

Rejeski, W. Jack; Espeland, Mark A.; Miller, Michael E.; Church, Timothy S.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2011-01-01

64

Urban built environments and trajectories of mobility disability: findings from a national sample of community-dwelling American adults (1986-2001).  

PubMed

As people age, they become more dependent on their local communities, especially when they are no longer able to drive. Uneven or discontinuous sidewalks, heavy traffic, and inaccessible public transportation, are just some of the built environment characteristics that can create barriers for outdoor mobility in later adulthood. A small body of literature has been investigating the role of the built environment on disability, but has been limited to cross-sectional analyses. The purpose of this paper is to further advance this area of research by examining the role of the built environment on long-term trajectories of mobility disability in a national sample of American adults (age 45+) followed over a 15-year period. Using multilevel logistic growth curve models with nationally representative data from the Americans' Changing Lives Study (1986-2001), we find that trajectories of mobility disability are steeper in older age groups. Women and those with lower education had a higher odds of mobility disability over time. The presence of just one chronic health condition doubled the odds of mobility disability at each of the four study waves. Among older adults (age 75+), living in neighborhoods characterized by more motorized travel was associated with an odds ratio for mobility disability that was 1.5 times higher in any given year than for older adults living in environments that were more pedestrian friendly. These results suggest that the built environment can exacerbate mobility difficulties for older adults. When considering ways to minimize disability as the population ages, simple changes in the built environment may be easier to implement than efforts to change risk factors at the individual level. PMID:19643522

Clarke, Philippa; Ailshire, Jennifer A; Lantz, Paula

2009-09-01

65

The effects of inquiry-based science on the social and communicative skills of students with low-incidence disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research utilized inquiry based science as a vehicle to implement and maintain social skills training for secondary students, ages 14 to 20, with low-incidence disabilities in a self-contained classroom. This three year action research study examined the effects of an inquiry based science curriculum on the level and quantity of social skills used by students with one or more of the following challenges: significant learning disability (functioning more than two grade levels below grade level), emotional/social disability, mental retardation, Autism, and/or varying degrees of brain damage. Through the use of video recording, the students in the study were analyzed based on the level of social interaction and the amount of socialization that took place during inquiry based science. The skills sought were based on the social and communication skills earmarked in the students' weekly social skills training class and their Individualized Education Plans (IEP). Based on previous research in social skills training it has been determined that where social skills training is lacking are in the areas of transfer and maintenance of skills. Due to the natural social behavior that must take place in inquiry based science this group of students were found to exhibit gains in (1) quantity of social interactions on topic; (2) developing higher levels of social interactions (sharing, taking other's suggestions, listening and responding appropriately, etc.); and (3) maintenance of social skills taught outside of formal social skills training. These gains were seen overall in the amount of student involvement during inquiry based science verses teacher involvement. Such increases are depicted through students' verbal exchanges, excerpts from field notes, and student reflections. The findings of this research is expected to guide special educators, administrators and directors of curriculum as to how to better create curriculum for this specific population where social skills training is utilized and maintained in all aspects of the academic day, thus helping this population of student achieve more independence and appropriate interactions in their live as citizens of society.

D'Angelo, Heather Hopkins

66

Motorcycles for the disabled: mobility, modernity and the transformation of experience in urban China.  

PubMed

This paper describes changes in people's attitudes toward and experiences of disability in contemporary China. In particular, it examines how, as a result of shifting gender structures and modernist modes of production, urban men who struggle to walk have adopted cycle technologies, and how this has caused Chinese society increasingly to associate these men with disability. The paper further details ways the young state-run advocacy organization, the China Disabled Persons' Federation, has contributed to these attitudinal and experiential shifts by providing more assistance to urban men who struggle to walk than to any other PRC citizens who might be considered disabled. In general, the transformations outlined in this paper exemplify how ongoing macro changes in contemporary China often provide benefits to a relatively small number of people and how, for those who receive them, the benefits are often double-edged. PMID:10388946

Kohrman, M

1999-03-01

67

Stability of parent report on mobility and self-care item scores of the pediatric evaluation of disability inventory.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Secondary analysis using data from a clinical trial was performed to evaluate the stability of individual items of the Mobility and Self-Care functional skills scales of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Parents of 113 children aged 1-6 years old with cerebral palsy completed the PEDI twice by questionnaire 6 months apart. An item was classified "unstable" if the score changed from capable to unable. The number of children with more than five unstable items and the number of items with more than five children having unstable scoring patterns were calculated. Nineteen children (17%) and 13 items had unstable scoring patterns. The majority of PEDI items demonstrated stability of parent scoring. Examination of unstable items suggests that parents may need assistance in understanding the difference between "usual" and "best" performance, interpreting descriptors such as "thoroughly," and maintaining the same context reference for outdoor mobility items. PMID:23931334

Worth, Melanie; Darrah, Johanna; Magill-Evans, Joyce; Wiart, Lesley; Law, Mary

2014-08-01

68

A Self-Reported Screening Tool for Detecting Community-Dwelling Older Persons with Frailty Syndrome in the Absence of Mobility Disability: The FiND Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The “frailty syndrome” (a geriatric multidimensional condition characterized by decreased reserve and diminished resistance to stressors) represents a promising target of preventive interventions against disability in elders. Available screening tools for the identification of frailty in the absence of disability present major limitations. In particular, they have to be administered by a trained assessor, require special equipment, and/or do not discriminate between frail and disabled individuals. Aim of this study is to verify the agreement of a novel self-reported questionnaire (the “Frail Non-Disabled” [FiND] instrument) designed for detecting non-mobility disabled frail older persons with results from reference tools. Methodology/Principal Findings Data are from 45 community-dwelling individuals aged ?60 years. Participants were asked to complete the FiND questionnaire separately exploring the frailty and disability domains. Then, a blinded assessor objectively measured the frailty status (using the phenotype proposed by Fried and colleagues) and mobility disability (using the 400-meter walk test). Cohen's kappa coefficients were calculated to determine the agreement between the FiND questionnaire with the reference instruments. Mean age of participants (women 62.2%) was 72.5 (standard deviation 8.2) years. Seven (15.6%) participants presented mobility disability as being unable to complete the 400-meter walk test. According to the frailty phenotype criteria, 25 (55.6%) participants were pre-frail or frail, and 13 (28.9%) were robust. Overall, a substantial agreement of the instrument with the reference tools (kappa?=?0.748, quadratic weighted kappa?=?0.836, both p values<0.001) was reported with only 7 (15.6%) participants incorrectly categorized. The agreement between results of the FiND disability domain and the 400-meter walk test was excellent (kappa?=?0.920, p<0.001). Conclusions/Significance The FiND questionnaire presents a very good capacity to correctly identify frail older persons without mobility disability living in the community. This screening tool may represent an opportunity for diffusing awareness about frailty and disability and supporting specific preventive campaigns.

Cesari, Matteo; Demougeot, Laurent; Boccalon, Henri; Guyonnet, Sophie; Abellan Van Kan, Gabor; Vellas, Bruno; Andrieu, Sandrine

2014-01-01

69

Low 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Predicts the Onset of Mobility Limitation and Disability in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: The Health ABC Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Although low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) is prevalent among older adults and is associated with poor physical function, longitudinal studies examining vitamin D status and physical function are lacking. We examined the association between 25(OH)D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and the onset of mobility limitation and disability over 6 years of follow-up in community-dwelling, initially well-functioning older adults participating in the Health, Aging and Body Composition study (n = 2,099). Methods. Serum 25(OH)D and PTH were measured at the 12-month follow-up visit (1998–1999). Mobility limitation and disability (any/severe difficulty walking 1/4 mile or climbing 10 steps) was assessed semiannually over 6 years of follow-up. The association between 25(OH)D, PTH, and mobility limitation and disability was examined using Cox proportional hazard regression models adjusted for demographics, season, behavioral characteristics, and chronic conditions. Results. At baseline, 28.9% of the participants had 25(OH)D <50 nmol/L and 36.1% had 25(OH)D of 50 to <75 nmol/L. Participants with 25(OH)D <50 and 50 to <75 nmol/L were at greater risk of developing mobility limitation (HR (95% CI): 1.29 (1.04–1.61) and 1.27 (1.05–1.53), respectively) and mobility disability (HR (95% CI): 1.93 (1.32–2.81) and 1.30 (0.92–1.83), respectively) over 6 years of follow-up compared with participants with 25(OH)D ?75 nmol/L. Elevated PTH, however, was not significantly associated with developing mobility limitation or disability. Conclusions. Low 25(OH)D was associated with an increased risk of mobility limitation and disability in community-dwelling, initially well-functioning black and white older adults. Prevention or treatment of low 25(OH)D may provide a pathway for reducing the burden of mobility disability in older adults.

Neiberg, Rebecca H.; Tooze, Janet A.; Hausman, Dorothy B.; Johnson, Mary Ann; Cauley, Jane A.; Bauer, Doug C.; Shea, M. Kyla; Schwartz, Gary G.; Williamson, Jeff D.; Harris, Tamara B.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B

2013-01-01

70

Mobile phone use while cycling: Incidence and effects on behaviour and safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of mobile phone use on cycling behaviour were studied. In study 1, the prevalence of mobile phone use while cycling was assessed. In Groningen 2.2% of cyclists were observed talking on their phone and 0.6% were text messaging or entering a phone number. In study 2, accident-involved cyclists responded to a questionnaire. Only 0.5% stated that they were

Dick de Waard; Paul Schepers; Wieke Ormel; Karel Brookhuis

2010-01-01

71

The Impact of Physical Activity on Disability Incidence among Older Adults in Mexico and the United States  

PubMed Central

Evidence suggests that transitions among older adults towards healthy habits, such as physical activity, appear underway in developed countries such as the USA but not in developing countries such as Mexico. However, little is known about the potential benefit of physical activity in preventing disability among elders in countries at different stages of epidemiological transition. We explore the impact of physical activity on the disablement process among elders in Mexico compared to the USA. Data are from two waves of the Mexican Health and Aging Study and the Health and Retirement Study. We examine the impact of exercise on the transition from no disability to ADL limitations two years later. Findings indicate that exercise is more common in the U.S. than in Mexico. There is a positive effect of exercise on negative outcomes in both countries. However, the protective effect of exercise is stronger in the U.S. than in Mexico.

Gerst, Kerstin; Michaels-Obregon, Alejandra; Wong, Rebeca

2011-01-01

72

The Use of Mobile Phones by Itinerant Teachers of Students with Visual Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile telephones by 25 itinerant teachers in Texas was evaluated. Factors considered included time management, costs, changes in use of various types of telephones, and feelings of security. With one outgoing call per day, teachers saved enough time to accumulate the equivalent of one week's service each year to their students.…

Corn, A. L.; And Others

1994-01-01

73

Mobile phone use while cycling: incidence and effects on behaviour and safety.  

PubMed

The effects of mobile phone use on cycling behaviour were studied. In study 1, the prevalence of mobile phone use while cycling was assessed. In Groningen 2.2% of cyclists were observed talking on their phone and 0.6% were text messaging or entering a phone number. In study 2, accident-involved cyclists responded to a questionnaire. Only 0.5% stated that they were using their phone at the time of the accident. In study 3, participants used a phone while cycling. The content of the conversation was manipulated and participants also had to enter a text message. Data were compared with just cycling and cycling while listening to music. Telephoning coincided with reduced speed, reduced peripheral vision performance and increased risk and mental effort ratings. Text messaging had the largest negative impact on cycling performance. Higher mental workload and lower speed may account for the relatively low number of people calling involved in accidents. STATEMENT OF RELEVANCE: Although perhaps mainly restricted to flat countries with a large proportion of cyclists, mobile phone use while cycling has increased and may be a threat to traffic safety, similar to phone use while driving a car. In this study, the extent of the problem was assessed by observing the proportion of cyclists using mobile phones, sending questionnaires to accident-involved cyclists and an experimental study was conducted on the effects of mobile phone use while cycling. PMID:20069479

de Waard, Dick; Schepers, Paul; Ormel, Wieke; Brookhuis, Karel

2010-01-01

74

Current Status of Evidence-Based Practices for Low-Incidence Disabilities: Introduction to the Special Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators and specialists are required to teach children using "scientifically based research" ([section] 1208(6)(37), No Child Left Behind Act of 2001) or "to the extent practicable, special education and related services will be based on peer-reviewed research" ([section] 614 (d)(10)(A)(i)9IV) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education…

Montgomery, Judy K.

2006-01-01

75

Correlates of the incidence of disability and mortality among older adult Brazilians with and without diabetes mellitus and stroke  

PubMed Central

Background The combined effect of diabetes and stroke on disability and mortality remains largely unexplored in Brazil and Latin America. Previous studies have been based primarily on data from developed countries. This study addresses the empirical gap by evaluating the combined impact of diabetes and stroke on disability and mortality in Brazil. Methods The sample was drawn from two waves of the Survey on Health and Well-being of the Elderly, which followed 2,143 older adults in São Paulo, Brazil, from 2000 to 2006. Disability was assessed via measures of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations, severe ADL limitations, and receiving assistance to perform these activities. Logistic and multinomial regression models controlling for sociodemographic and health conditions were used to address the influence of diabetes and stroke on disability and mortality. Results By itself, the presence of diabetes did not increase the risk of disability or the need for assistance; however, diabetes was related to increased risks when assessed in combination with stroke. After controlling for demographic, social and health conditions, individuals who had experienced stroke but not diabetes were 3.4 times more likely to have ADL limitations than those with neither condition (95% CI 2.26-5.04). This elevated risk more than doubled for those suffering from a combination of diabetes and stroke (OR 7.34, 95% CI 3.73-14.46). Similar effects from the combination of diabetes and stroke were observed for severe ADL limitations (OR 19.75, 95% CI 9.81- 39.76) and receiving ADL assistance (OR 16.57, 95% CI 8.39-32.73). Over time, older adults who had experienced a stroke were at higher risk of remaining disabled (RRR 4.28, 95% CI 1.53,11.95) and of mortality (RRR 3.42, 95% CI 1.65,7.09). However, risks were even higher for those who had experienced both diabetes and stroke. Diabetes was associated with higher mortality. Conclusions Findings indicate that a combined history of stroke and diabetes has a great impact on disability prevalence and mortality among older adults in São Paulo, Brazil.

2012-01-01

76

Current Status of Evidence-Based Practices for Low-Incidence DisabilitiesIntroduction to the Special Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educators and specialists are required to teach children using “scientifically based research” (§ 1208(6)(37), No Child Left Behind Act of 2001) or “to the extent practicable, special education and related services will be based on peer-reviewed research” (§ 614 (d)(10)(A)(i)9IV) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, 2004). This has caused many educators to ponder the methods used to

Judy K. Montgomery

2006-01-01

77

Impacts of mobility disability and high and increasing body mass index on health-related quality of life and participation in society: a population-based cohort study from Sweden  

PubMed Central

Background Increasing obesity in adults with mobility disability has become a considerable health problem, similar to the increasing trend of obesity in the general population. The aims of this study were to investigate the association of mobility disability with overweight status and obesity in a large population-based Swedish cohort of adults, and to investigate whether mobility disability, high body mass index (BMI), and increasing BMI over time are predictors of health-related quality of life and participation in society after 8 years of follow-up. Methods The study cohort included 13,549 individuals aged 18–64 years who answered questions about mobility disability, weight, height, health-related quality of life and participation in society in the Stockholm Public Health Survey 2002 and 2010. The cohort was randomly selected from the population of Stockholm County, and divided into six subgroups based on data for mobility disability and overweight status. Multiple binary logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the likelihood for low health-related quality of life and lack of participation. Results Respondents with mobility disability had a higher mean BMI than those without mobility disability. Respondents both with and without mobility disability increased in BMI, but with no significant difference in the longitudinal changes (mean difference: 0.078; 95% CI: -0.16 - 0.32). Presence of mobility disability increased the risk of low health-related quality of life and lack of participation in 2010, irrespective of low health-related quality of life and lack of participation in 2002. The risk of pain and low general health (parts of health-related quality of life) increased for every 5 units of higher BMI reported in 2010. In respondents without low general health at baseline, the risk of obtaining low general health increased for every 5 units of higher BMI in 2010 (OR:1.60; CI: 1.47 - 1.74). Conclusions The greatest risk of low general health after 8 years was observed for respondents with both mobility disability and high BMI. These results indicate the importance of working preventively with persons with mobility disability and overweight status or obesity based on the risk of further weight gain.

2014-01-01

78

Incidence and pattern of unintentional injuries and resulting disability among children under 5 years of age: results of the National Health Survey of Pakistan.  

PubMed

National estimates of injuries for children under 5 years based on population representative surveys are not readily available globally and have not been reported for developing countries. This study estimated the annual incidence, pattern and distribution of unintentional injuries according to age, gender, socio-economic status, urban/rural residence and disability caused among children aged under 5 years in Pakistan. The National Health Survey of Pakistan (NHSP 1990-94) is a nationally representative survey of households to assess the health profile of the country. A two-stage stratified design was used to select 3223 children under 5 years of age for interview and examination. Data were used for boys and girls in urban and rural areas over the preceding year. A community development index was developed to assess the relationship between socio-economic status and injuries. Weighted estimates were computed adjusting for complex survey design using surveyfreq and surveylogistic option of SAS 9.1 software. Post hoc power calculations were made for each variable keeping the design effect at 3.0. The overall annual incidence of unintentional injuries was 47.8 [95% CI 36.6, 59.0] per 1000 per year; 50.2 [95% CI 37.0, 63.4] and 45.2 [95% CI 29.4, 61.0] per 1000 per year among boys and girls under 5 years of age respectively. An estimated 1.1 million unintentional injuries occur in Pakistan annually among these children. Injury rates increase with age among the under-5s. Urban and rural injuries were 56.1 [95% CI 33.5, 78.7] and 44.1 [95% CI 31.1, 57.1] per 1000 per year respectively. The children living in least developed communities had almost 3 times higher risks of injuries than most developed communities. The annual incidence of types of injuries were: falls 28.7 [95% CI 19.5, 37.9], cuts/bruises 9.7 [95% CI 5.3, 14.1] and burns 6.6 [95% CI 3.0, 10.2] per 1000 per year. Falls were the most common type of injury (60%) followed by cuts/bruises (21%) and burns (14%). The majority of injuries occur at home (85%), with just 10% due to road traffic. Road traffic injuries and injuries to the female child were more likely to result in disability. There is a high burden of unintentional injuries and disability among children under 5 in Pakistan. These results are useful for planning further research and for prioritising prevention programmes nationally and in other developing countries with similar situation. PMID:19775384

Fatmi, Zafar; Kazi, Ambreen; Hadden, Wilbur C; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Razzak, Junaid A; Pappas, Gregory

2009-05-01

79

Positive and Negative Effects of Finance-based Social Capital on Incident Functional Disability and Mortality: An 8-year Prospective Study of Elderly Japanese  

PubMed Central

Background Rotating savings and credit associations (ROSCAs) involve group financial self-help activities. These voluntary financial cooperative associations—mujin in Japanese—are found in some rural areas of Japan. Cross-sectional evidence suggests that active participation in mujin correlates with rich social capital and better functional capacities among older adults. However, the effect of mujin on subsequent health outcomes is unknown. Methods In 2003, we conducted a baseline interview survey of 583 functionally independent adults randomly selected from Yamanashi Prefecture residents aged 65 years or older. They were followed up until 2011. We used proportional hazards models, and factor analysis of 8 mujin-related questions identified 2 components: the “intensity and attitude” and “financing” aspects of mujin. Results The hazard ratios (HRs) for incident functional disability—identified by using the public long-term care insurance database—per 1-SD increase in factor scores were 0.82 (95% CI: 0.68–0.99) for the intensity and attitude score and 1.21 (1.07–1.38) for financing score. Adjustments for age, sex, marital status, household composition, physical health, education, income, and other factor scores only slightly attenuated these HRs. The results for mortality models were very similar to those for incident functional disability. Conclusions ROSCA-type activities in Japan could have beneficial effects on the health of older adults if used primarily for the purpose of friendship. Mujin for aggressively financial purposes might be somewhat harmful, as such activities might reflect the “dark side” of social capital, ie, overly demanding expectations of group conformity.

Kondo, Naoki; Suzuki, Kohta; Minai, Junko; Yamagata, Zentaro

2012-01-01

80

Oxidative Damage, Platelet Activation, and Inflammation to Predict Mobility Disability and Mortality in Older Persons: Results From the Health Aging and Body Composition Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Inflammation, oxidative damage, and platelet activation are hypothesized biological mechanisms driving the disablement process. The aim of the present study is to assess whether biomarkers representing these mechanisms predicted major adverse health-related events in older persons. Methods. Data are from 2,234 community-dwelling nondisabled older persons enrolled in the Health Aging and Body Composition study. Biomarkers of lipid peroxidation (ie, urinary levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2?), platelet activation (ie, urinary levels of 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2), and inflammation (serum concentrations of interleukin-6) were considered as independent variables of interest and tested in Cox proportional hazard models as predictors of (severe) mobility disability and overall mortality. Results. The sample’s (women 48.0%, whites 64.3%) mean age was 74.6 (SD 2.9) years. During the follow-up (median 11.4 years), 792 (35.5%), 269 (12.0%), and 942 (42.2%) events of mobility disability, severe mobility disability, and mortality occurred, respectively. Only interleukin-6 showed significant independent associations with the onset of all the study outcomes. Higher levels of urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 independently predicted increased risk of death (hazard ratio 1.10, 95% confidence interval 1.03–1.19 and hazard ratio 1.14, 95% confidence interval 1.06–1.23, respectively). No significant interactions of gender, race, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and antiplatelet drugs were detected on the studied relationships. Conclusions. The inflammatory marker interleukin-6 is confirmed to be a robust predictor for the onset of negative health-related events. Participants with higher urinary levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 presented a higher mortality risk.

Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Nicklas, Barbara; Kanaya, Alka M.; Patrignani, Paola; Tacconelli, Stefania; Tranah, Gregory J.; Tognoni, Gianni; Harris, Tamara B.; Incalzi, Raffaele Antonelli; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2012-01-01

81

Poor hematopoietic stem cell mobilizers: A single institution study of incidence and risk factors in patients with recurrent or relapsed lymphoma  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence and predictive factors if any, of mobilization failure in lymphoma patients referred for autologous stem cell transplantation. A total of 588 lymphoma patients were referred for transplant consultation from January 2003 to December 2004. Predictors of mobilization failure were evaluated using logistic regression analysis including diagnosis, mobilization regimen, age, sex, type and number of prior chemotherapies, bone marrow cellularity, platelet count, white count, prior bone marrow involvement with malignancy, and prior radiation therapy. Two hundred and six patients were eligible for transplantation and underwent stem cell mobilization. Twenty-nine (14%) patients failed to mobilize adequate stem cells after the first attempt. For the entire group age (?60 versus <60 years), diagnosis (Hodgkin’s versus non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma), use of cytokines alone, platelet count <150 × 109/L, and bone marrow cellularity <30% were significant predictors for mobilization failure on univariate analysis. In view of small number of patients multivariate analysis was not possible. However, a low platelet count (150 × 109/L) was the only significant predictor when the analysis was restricted to non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma patients who were mobilized with chemotherapy. Mobilization failure rates are higher in patients with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma compared with those with Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In the subset of patients who undergo chemomobilization for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma platelet count at the time of mobilization is a predictor of mobilization failure.

Hosing, Chitra; Saliba, Rima M.; Ahlawat, Sheena; Korbling, Martin; Kebriaei, Partow; Alousi, Amin; De Lima, Marcos; Okoroji, Julia-Grace; McMannis, John; Qazilbash, Muzaffar; Anderlini, Paolo; Giralt, Sergio; Champlin, Richard E.; Khouri, Issa; Popat, Uday

2014-01-01

82

Longitudinal associations between incident lumbar spine MRI findings and chronic low back pain or radicular symptoms: retrospective analysis of data from the longitudinal assessment of imaging and disability of the back (LAIDBACK)  

PubMed Central

Background There are few longitudinal cohort studies examining associations between incident MRI findings and incident spine-related symptom outcomes. Prior studies do not discriminate between the two distinct outcomes of low back pain (LBP) and radicular symptoms. To address this gap in the literature, we conducted a secondary analysis of existing data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Imaging and Disability of the Back (LAIDBACK). The purpose of this study was to examine the association of incident lumbar MRI findings with two specific spine-related symptom outcomes: 1) incident chronic bothersome LBP, and 2) incident radicular symptoms such as pain, weakness, or sensation alterations in the lower extremity. Methods The original LAIDBACK study followed 123 participants without current LBP or sciatica, administering standardized MRI assessments of the lumbar spine at baseline and at 3-year follow-up, and collecting information on participant-reported spine-related symptoms and signs every 4 months for 3 years. These analyses examined bivariable and multivariable associations between incident MRI findings and symptom outcomes (LBP and radicular symptoms) using logistic regression. Results Three-year cumulative incidence of new MRI findings ranged between 2 and 8%, depending on the finding. Incident annular fissures were associated with incident chronic LBP, after adjustment for prior back pain and depression (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 6.6; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-36.9). All participants with incident disc extrusions (OR 5.4) and nerve root impingement (OR 4.1) reported incident radicular symptoms, although associations were not statistically significant. No other incident MRI findings showed large magnitude associations with symptoms. Conclusions Even when applying more specific definitions for spine-related symptom outcomes, few MRI findings showed large magnitude associations with symptom outcomes. Although incident annular fissures, disc extrusions, and nerve root impingement were associated with incident symptom outcomes, the 3-year incidence of these MRI findings was extremely low, and did not explain the vast majority of incident symptom cases.

2014-01-01

83

Predicting the Risk of Mobility Difficulty in Older Women With Screening Nomograms: The Women's Health and Aging Study II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods: We conducted a population-based prospec- tive study using data from 266 high physically and cognitively functioning older women, aged 70 to 80 years, who were free of mobility disability at the base- line evaluation of the Women's Health and Aging Study II. The outcome measure was incident mobility disability within 18 months, defined as self-reported difficulty walking 0.8 km,

Paulo H. M. Chaves; Elizabeth S. Garrett; Linda P. Fried

2000-01-01

84

Predicting the Risk of Mobility Difficulty in Older Women With Screening Nomograms The Women's Health and Aging Study II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods: We conducted a population-based prospec- tive study using data from 266 high physically and cognitively functioning older women, aged 70 to 80 years, who were free of mobility disability at the base- line evaluation of the Women's Health and Aging Study II. The outcome measure was incident mobility disability within 18 months, defined as self-reported difficulty walking 0.8 km,

Paulo H. M. Chaves; Elizabeth S. Garrett; Linda P. Fried

85

Management of poor peripheral blood stem cell mobilization: incidence, predictive factors, alternative strategies and outcome. A retrospective analysis on 2177 patients from three major Italian institutions.  

PubMed

CD34+ peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are usually collected following mobilization therapy accomplished by using growth factors (GF) such as rHuG-CSF or rHuGM-CSF with or without chemotherapy. A target dose of yielded CD34+ is usually prescribed by the attending physician depending on different protocols, which may include single or double transplantation. HSC collection usually is performed when at least 20 CD34+ HSC/microL are detected by means of flow cytometry. A cumulative dose of at least 2 x 10(6)/Kg/bw CD34+ HSC has been considered as the threshold to allow a prompt and persistent hematopoietic recovery. Unfortunately, this goal is not achieved by the totality of patients undergoing mobilization regimen. In fact, 5-46% of patients who underwent mobilization therapy fail HSC collection due to very low peripheral blood HSC CD34+ count. Patients' characteristics, including age, sex, stage of the underlying disease (complete or partial remission), diagnosis, previously administered radio/chemotherapy regimens, time-lapse from last chemotherapy before mobilization and mobilization schedule (including dose of GF) were considered as possibly predictive of poor or failed mobilization. We performed a retrospective analysis in 2177 patients from three large Italian academic institutions to assess the incidence of poor mobilizers within our patients' series. Therefore, a patient who fails a first mobilization (and when an HLA-compatible related on unrelated donor is not available) could undergo a second attempt either with different mobilization schedule or by using different GF, such as stem cell factor, growth hormone (GH), or more recently newly introduced drugs such as AMD3100, alone or in combination with rHuG- or -rHuGM-CSF. Thus, we investigated the fate of those who failed a first mobilization and subsequently underwent a second attempt or alternative therapeutic approaches. PMID:19540167

Perseghin, Paolo; Terruzzi, Elisabetta; Dassi, Maria; Baldini, Valentina; Parma, Matteo; Coluccia, Paola; Accorsi, Patrizia; Confalonieri, Giorgio; Tavecchia, Luisa; Verga, Luisa; Ravagnani, Fernando; Iacone, Antonio; Pogliani, E M; Pioltelli, Pietro

2009-08-01

86

Designing Clinical Trials of Interventions for Mobility Disability: Results from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P) Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed; however, data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking. Methods Results are described from a pilot clinical trial in which 424 volunteers aged 70–89 years were randomly assigned to one of two interventions -- physical activity or a healthy aging education program -- and followed for a planned minimum of 12 months. We evaluated the longitudinal distributions of four standardized outcomes to contrast how they may serve as primary outcomes of future clinical trials: ability to walk 400 meters, ability to walk 4 meters in ?10 seconds, a physical performance battery, and a questionnaire focused on physical function. Results Changes in all four outcomes were inter-related over time. The ability to walk 400 meters as a dichotomous outcome provided the smallest sample size projections (i.e. appeared to be the most efficient outcome). It loaded most heavily on the underlying latent variable in structural equation modeling with a weight of 80%. A four-year trial based on the outcome of 400 meter walk is projected to require N = 962 to 2,234 to detect an intervention effect of 30% to 20% with 90% power. Conclusions Future clinical trials of interventions designed to influence mobility disability may have greater efficiency if they adopt the ability to complete a 400 meter walk as their primary outcome.

Espeland, Mark A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack; Miller, Michael E.; Fielding, Roger; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2008-01-01

87

Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Learning Disabilities Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What are Learning Disabilities? Is there ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What are Learning Disabilities? Learning disabilities are disorders that affect the ...

88

Accommodating Students with Disabilities on State English Language Proficiency Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All English language learners (ELLs) are to participate in an annual assessment of English language proficiency (ELP) under Title III of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. This includes ELLs with disabilities, regardless of whether they are high-incidence disabilities (e.g., learning disability) or low-incidence disabilities (e.g., deaf or hard…

Albus, Debra; Thurlow, Martha L.

2008-01-01

89

Laying the Foundation for Connect to Protect®: A Multi-Site Community Mobilization Intervention to Reduce HIV/AIDS Incidence and Prevalence among Urban Youth  

PubMed Central

Despite the considerable resources that have been dedicated to HIV prevention interventions and services over the past decade, HIV incidence among young people in the United States remains alarmingly high. One reason is that the majority of prevention efforts continue to focus solely on modifying individual behavior, even though public health research strongly suggests that changes to a community's structural elements, such as their programs, practices, and laws or policies, may result in more effective and sustainable outcomes. Connect to Protect is a multi-city community mobilization intervention that focuses on altering or creating community structural elements in ways that will ultimately reduce youth HIV incidence and prevalence. The project, which spans 6 years, is sponsored by the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions at multiple urban clinical research sites. This paper provides an overview of the study's three phases and describes key factors in setting a firm foundation for the initiation and execution of this type of undertaking. Connect to Protect's community mobilization approach to achieving structural change represents a relatively new and broad direction in HIV prevention research. To optimize opportunities for its success, time and resources must be initially placed into laying the groundwork. This includes activities such as building a strong overarching study infrastructure to ensure protocol tasks can be met across sites; tapping into local site and community expertise and knowledge; forming collaborative relationships between sites and community organizations and members; and fostering community input on and support for changes at a structural level. Failing to take steps such as these may lead to insurmountable implementation problems for an intervention of this kind.

Ziff, Mauri A.; Harper, Gary W.; Chutuape, Kate S.; Deeds, Bethany Griffin; Futterman, Donna; Francisco, Vincent T.; Muenz, Larry R.

2006-01-01

90

Long-term follow up of patients proceeding to transplant using plerixafor mobilized stem cells and incidence of secondary myelodysplastic syndrome/AML.  

PubMed

We report the long-term follow up of 49 patients (pts) enrolled on plerixafor compassionate use protocol. Thirty-seven pts (76%) had failed one previous mobilization attempt, while 12 (24%) had failed two or more previous attempts. Using the combination of plerixafor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, we collected?2.5 × 10(6) CD34+cells/kg in 33 pts (67%). Forty-three of the 49 pts proceeded to an auto-SCT (ASCT). The median days to WBC and platelet engraftment were 11 (range, 9-13 days) and 16 (range, 11-77 days) days post ASCT, respectively. The median WBC count, Hb and platelet counts 1 year after ASCT were 4.7 × 10(9)/L, 12.2?g/dL and 109 × 10(9)/L, respectively. With median follow up of 42 months (range <1-54 months), 21 pts had evidence of disease progression. Five pts developed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/AML at median of 29 months post ASCT. The cumulative incidence of MDS/AML at 42 months was 17% (95% confidence interval, 6 to 32%). Development of secondary MDS/AML in pts proceeding to ASCT after plerixafor mobilization needs to be studied further in a larger cohort. PMID:23474805

Deol, A; Abrams, J; Masood, A; Al-Kadhimi, Z; Abidi, M H; Ayash, L; Lum, L G; Ratanatharathorn, V; Uberti, J P

2013-08-01

91

Orientation and Mobility with Persons Who Are Deaf-Blind: An Initial Examination of Single-Subject Design Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persons who are deaf-blind represent a heterogeneous, low-incidence population of children and adults who, at some point in life, regardless of the presence of additional disabilities, may benefit from formal orientation and mobility (O&M) instruction. Current national policies, such as the No Child Left Behind Act, which emphasize that…

Parker, Amy T.

2009-01-01

92

Disability in activities of daily living: patterns of change and a hierarchy of disability.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This paper examines longitudinal data over 6 years to evaluate incidence rates of disability and the pattern of dependency in activities of daily living. METHODS: The Longitudinal Study of Aging (n = 5151) was used to evaluate incidence of disability in activities of daily living; biennial interview data from 1984 through 1990 were used. The median age to disability onset for individual activities was estimated from survival analysis. A prevalent ordering of incident disability was identified from patterns of disability onset within individuals. RESULTS: The progression of incident disability among the elderly supported by longitudinal data, based on both the ordering of median ages to disability onset and patterns of incident disability, was as follows: walking, bathing, transferring, dressing, toileting, feeding. Gender differences were found in disability incidence rates. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a mathematical picture of physical functioning as people age. These findings, based on longitudinal data, indicate a different hierarchical structure of disability than found in previous reports using cross-sectional data. Furthermore, the study documents gender differences in incident impairment, which indicate that although women outlive men, they spend more time in a disabled state.

Dunlop, D D; Hughes, S L; Manheim, L M

1997-01-01

93

PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW AS A PREDICTOR OF SUBSEQUENT DISABILITY AND DEATH IN COMMUNITY-LIVING OLDER PERSONS  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether peak expiratory flow (PEF), when expressed by a validated method using standardized residual (SR) percentile, is associated with subsequent disability and death in older persons. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting New Haven, Connecticut. Participants 754 initially nondisabled, community-living persons aged 70 years or older. Measurements PEF was assessed at baseline along with chronic conditions and smoking history. The onset of persistent disability in activities of daily living (ADL), continuous mobility disability, and death were ascertained during monthly interviews over a five-year period. Results The mean age was 78.4 years; 63.7% had a smoking history and 17.4% reported chronic lung disease. The incidence rates per 100 person-months (95% confidence intervals) were 1.00 (0.90, 1.12) for ADL disability, 0.80 (0.70, 0.93) for mobility disability, and 0.44 (0.38, 0.51) for death. At a PEF < 10th SR-percentile, identifying nearly a quarter of the cohort, hazard ratios (HR) adjusted for multiple confounders, including age, smoking, and chronic lung disease, demonstrated an increased risk of ADL disability (HR [95% confidence interval]: 1.79 [1.23, 2.62]), mobility disability (1.89 [1.15, 3.10]), and death (2.31 [1.29, 4.12]). Conclusion In our elderly cohort, we found that a diminished PEF, when expressed as an SR-percentile, is independently associated with subsequent disability and death. These results support the use of PEF as a potentially valuable risk assessment tool among community-living older persons.

Vaz Fragoso, Carlos A.; Gahbauer, Evelyne A.; Van Ness, Peter H.; Concato, John; Gill, Thomas M.

2009-01-01

94

Accommodating Students With Disabilities on State English Language Proficiency Assessments  

Microsoft Academic Search

All English language learners (ELLs) are to participate in an annual assessment of English language proficiency (ELP) under Title III of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. This includes ELLs with disabilities, regardless of whether they are high-incidence disabilities (e.g., learning disability) or low-incidence disabilities (e.g., deaf or hard of hearing). This article summarizes findings from a national

Debra Albus; Martha L. Thurlow

2008-01-01

95

Equalization of Opportunities in Employment of People with Disabilities (Indonesian Experience).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper summarizes the incidence and status of disability in Indonesia and reports on rehabilitation services and facilities. The paper reports that 3.11% of the population is disabled and breaks down this number into those physically or orthopedically disabled (0.85%), visually disabled (0.90%), hearing/speech disabled (0.31%), mentally…

Mertopuspito, S.

96

49 CFR 39.29 - May PVOs limit the number of passengers with a disability on a passenger vessel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation TRANSPORTATION FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES: PASSENGER VESSELS Nondiscrimination...limit the number of passengers with a disability other than individuals with a mobility disability on your vessel. However, if in...

2013-10-01

97

Disability pornography: the fetishization of women's vulnerabilities.  

PubMed

This paper offers a critical exploration of a form of pornography consisting in sexual abuse and exploitation of women and girls with disabilities. This practice allows men to create and maintain their sexual dominance over the female gender. Disability pornography, like all other forms of pornography, but in its own way, contributes to the second-class status of all women, particularly those who are suffering from limitations in mobility and other disabilities. By promoting the castrating, dominant, violent image of women, pornography allows men to justify their abusive behaviors toward women. This form of pornography preys on the vulnerability of disabled women and increases the possibility that they will be abused. The sexually explicit lack of physical mobility is as celebrated in disability pornography as the political mobility of women is condemned in all genres of pornography. Amputee pornography is just one example of this brutal practice. PMID:12319742

Elman, R A

1997-06-01

98

Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... have a learning disability. There are as many learning styles as there are individuals. For example, some people learn by doing and practicing, while others learn by listening (such as in ... seems to be a learning disability is simply a delay in development; the ...

99

Learning disabilities.  

PubMed

Approximately 5% of all public school students are identified as having a learning disability (LD). LD is not a single disorder, but includes disabilities in any of seven areas related to reading, language, and mathematics. These separate types of learning disabilities frequently co-occur with one another and with social skill deficits and emotional or behavioral disorders. Most of the available information concerning learning disabilities relates to reading disabilities, and the majority of children with learning disabilities have their primary deficits in basic reading skills. An important part of the definition of LD is its exclusions: learning disabilities cannot be attributed primarily to mental retardation, emotional disturbance, cultural difference, or disadvantage. Thus, the concept of LD focuses on the notion of a discrepancy between a child's academic achievement and his or her apparent capacity to learn. Recent research indicates, however, that disability in basic reading skills is primarily caused by deficits in phonological awareness, which is independent of any achievement-capacity discrepancy. Deficits in phonological awareness can be identified in late kindergarten and first grade using inexpensive, straightforward testing protocol. Interventions have varying effectiveness, depending largely on the severity of the individual child's disability. The prevalence of learning disability identification has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. The "real" prevalence of LD is subject to much dispute because of the lack of an agreed-upon definition of LD with objective identification criteria. Some researchers have argued that the currently recognized 5% prevalence rate is inflated; others argue that LD is still underidentified. In fact, it appears that there are both sound and unsound reasons for the increase in identification rates. Sound reasons for the increase include better research, a broader definition of disability in reading, focusing on phonological awareness, and greater identification of girls with learning disabilities. Unsound reasons for the increase include broad and vague definitions of learning disability, financial incentives to identify students for special education, and inadequate preparation of teachers by colleges of education, leading to overreferral of students with any type of special need. There is no clear demarcation between students with normal reading abilities and those with mild reading disability. The majority of children with reading disabilities have relatively mild reading disabilities, with a smaller number having extreme reading disabilities. The longer children with disability in basic reading skills, at any level of severity, go without identification and intervention, the more difficult the task of remediation and the lower the rate of success. Children with extreme deficits in basic reading skills are much more difficult to remediate than children with mild or moderate deficits. It is unclear whether children in the most severe range can achieve age- and grade-approximate reading skills, even with normal intelligence and with intense, informed intervention provided over a protracted period of time. Children with severe learning disabilities are likely to manifest an increased number of and increased severity of social and behavioral deficits. When children with disabilities in reading also manifest attention deficit disorder, their reading deficits are typically exacerbated, more severe, and more resistant to intervention. While severe reading disorders are clearly a major concern, even mild deficits in reading skills are likely to portend significant difficulties in academic learning. These deficits, too, are worthy of early identification and intervention. Even children with relatively subtle linguistic and reading deficits require the expertise of a teacher who is well trained and informed about the relationships between language development and reading development. PMID:8689262

Lyon, G R

1996-01-01

100

Disability and depression: Some etiological considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the literature on this subject is fraught with ambiguity, it appears that there is a higher incidence of depression in people with disabilities than in the general population. The etiology of the disorder is by no means clear but several of the explanations which exist for depression in general, appear particularly suited when considering the disabled population. In this

Judith Friedland; MaryAnn McColl

1992-01-01

101

Shakespeare on old age and disability.  

PubMed

The plays of William Shakespeare were reviewed for references to disabilities, aging and disability, and older characters with disabilities. Shakespeare's references draw from traditional cultural notions about older people with disabilities. These traditional notions include people with physical disabilities being evil, the entertainment value of disabilty, and those who were mentally ill being wild and animal-like. He viewed the aging process as disabling and old age as a time when individuals lost some abilities to function, particularly when it came to mental capacity and physical mobility. His writings show that he used disability as a literary tool to add dimension to characters and set them apart. Contemporary literature continues to share some of Shakespeare's view on aging and disability but also departs from them in important ways. For example, contemporary treatment of disabilities and aging places more emphasis on the human side of the affects of aging and disabilities. Disabilities and aging are not cast in the same negative terms as Shakespeare used. PMID:10987340

Covey, H

2000-01-01

102

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Children, adolescents, and young adults diagnosed with a learning disability have a constellation of symptoms that result\\u000a in significant functional impairments. Youth who experience learning disabilities may also have additional behavioral symptoms\\u000a that complicate diagnosis. Early recognition and intervention may have significant impact on long-term positive outcomes.\\u000a Interventions include behavioral academic, psycho-educational, as well as individual and family therapy. This

Helen D. Pratt; Donald E. Greydanus

103

78 FR 35761 - Final Priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...individuals with disabilities. These solutions may include cloud computing applications that allow for personalized accessible...the RERC on Telecommunication Access and the RERC on Mobile Wireless Technologies. General RERC Requirements...

2013-06-14

104

Transitions in Employment and Disability among People Ages 51 to 61. Disability Statistics Report 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses data from the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) to analyze transitions in disabilities and employment from 1992 to 1994, the first two waves of the HRS survey. The survey included people ages 51 to 61 years of age in 1992, resulting in 8,737 participants. The report estimates the incidence of disabilities from 1992 to 1994 and…

Trupin, Laura; Sebesta, Douglas S.; Yelin, Edward

105

Sexual Force at Sexual Debut. Swedish Adolescents with Disabilities at Higher Risk than Adolescents without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this study are first to compare the incidence of force on the first occasion of sexual intercourse reported by participants with disabilities to that of students without disabilities; second to determine whether there are significant differences in mental health, substance abuse, and school performance as reported by participants…

Brunnberg, Elinor; Bostrom, Margareta Linden; Berglund, Mats

2012-01-01

106

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

107

Disability Insurance  

PubMed Central

A disability insurance policy provides specified income benefits when the insured person becomes unable to work because of illness or accident. With an individual policy, the insured person is generally the policy holder. With a group plan, the employer is the policy holder. An individual policy can provide several optional benefits in addition to disability benefits, which are not available in a group plan. In assessing risk, the insurer uses the application, the agent's report, a physical examination, the attending physician's report, and sometimes a consumer investigation company's inspection report. Records from the Medical Information Bureau, an association of American and Canadian life insurance companies, may also be used. The process of claims adjudication is described, as are differences between short-term and long-term disability claims. Many group policies have a rehabilitation provision; payments may continue while the claimant undergoes rehabilitation or retraining. Imagesp1928-a

Williamson, Elliot A.

1985-01-01

108

Medium-/Long-Term Effects of a Specific Exercise Protocol Combined with Patient Education on Spine Mobility, Chronic Fatigue, Pain, Aerobic Fitness and Level of Disability in Fibromyalgia  

PubMed Central

Objective. To propose a rehabilitation protocol able to produce immediate and long-term beneficial effects on level of disability and overall performance in ADLs. Materials and Methods. Forty-one FM patients were randomized to an exercise and educational-behavioral programme group (experimental group, EG = 21) or to a control group (CG = 20). Each subject was evaluated before, at the end (T1), and after 6 months (T6) from the conclusion of the rehabilitation treatment using the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), the visual analogue scale (VAS), the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), the fatigue severity scale (FSS), the 6-minute walking test (6MWT), tender points count (TPC), and spinal active range of motion. The exercise protocol included 20 sessions consisting in self-awareness, stretching, strengthening, spine flexibility, and aerobic exercises, which patients were subsequently educated to perform at home. Results. The two groups were comparable at baseline. At T1, the EG showed a positive trend in FIQ, VAS, HAQ, and FSS scales and significant improvement in 6MWT and in most spinal active range of motion measurements (P between 0.001 and 0.04). The positive results were maintained at the follow-up. Conclusion. The proposed programme was well tolerated and produced immediate and medium-term beneficial effects improving function and strain endurance. This trial is registered with DRKS00005071 on DRKS.

Giannotti, Erika; Koutsikos, Konstantinos; Pigatto, Maurizia; Rampudda, Maria Elisa; Doria, Andrea

2014-01-01

109

Criteria for Clinically Relevant Weakness and Low Lean Mass and Their Longitudinal Association With Incident Mobility Impairment and Mortality: The Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) Sarcopenia Project  

PubMed Central

Background. This analysis sought to determine the associations of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project criteria for weakness and low lean mass with likelihood for mobility impairment (gait speed ? 0.8 m/s) and mortality. Providing validity for these criteria is essential for research and clinical evaluation. Methods. Among 4,411 men and 1,869 women pooled from 6 cohort studies, 3-year likelihood for incident mobility impairment and mortality over 10 years were determined for individuals with weakness, low lean mass, and for those having both. Weakness was defined as low grip strength (<26kg men and <16kg women) and low grip strength-to-body mass index (BMI; kg/m2) ratio (<1.00 men and <0.56 women). Low lean mass (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry) was categorized as low appendicular lean mass (ALM; <19.75kg men and <15.02kg women) and low ALM-to-BMI ratio (<0.789 men and <0.512 women). Results. Low grip strength (men: odds ratio [OR] = 2.31, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.34–3.99; women: OR = 1.99, 95% CI 1.23–3.21), low grip strength-to-BMI ratio (men: OR = 3.28, 95% CI 1.92–5.59; women: OR = 2.54, 95% CI 1.10–5.83) and low ALM-to-BMI ratio (men: OR = 1.58, 95% CI 1.12–2.25; women: OR = 1.81, 95% CI 1.14–2.87), but not low ALM, were associated with increased likelihood for incident mobility impairment. Weakness increased likelihood of mobility impairment regardless of low lean mass. Mortality risk patterns were inconsistent. Conclusions. These findings support our cut-points for low grip strength and low ALM-to-BMI ratio as candidate criteria for clinically relevant weakness and low lean mass. Further validation in other populations and for alternate relevant outcomes is needed.

Shardell, Michelle D.; Alley, Dawn E.; Cawthon, Peggy M.; Fragala, Maren S.; Harris, Tamara B.; Kenny, Anne M.; Peters, Katherine W.; Ferrucci, Luigi; Guralnik, Jack M.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Kiel, Douglas P.; Vassileva, Maria T.; Xue, Qian-Li; Perera, Subashan; Studenski, Stephanie A.; Dam, Thuy-Tien L.

2014-01-01

110

The incidence of tumor cell contamination of peripheral blood stem cells: a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of mobilization regimens and the influence on outcomes in breast cancer patients.  

PubMed

Tumor cell contamination (TCC) of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) is a major risk in the autologous PBSC transplant setting. However, the effect of different mobilization regimens (cytokines only versus cytokines + chemotherapy) on TCC of PBSCs and its impact on treatment outcomes have not been systematically reviewed. In the present meta-analysis, we aimed to investigate this effect in breast cancer patients since multiple studies have been conducted in this setting. We systematically searched MEDLINE and Cochrane Library up to May 2012. Seventeen studies (1,819 patients) were assessed. There was no significant difference in the incidence of TCC of PBSCs between the two mobilization regimens. When the analysis was restricted to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor as a cytokine, this difference was again not significant. We also found that TCC of PBSCs was associated with a higher annual recurrence rate in these patients. This suggests that there may be a significant risk for reinfusion of tumor cell-positive PBSCs, and whether it can increase the risk of disease recurrence needs to be determined. This study also raises important questions regarding the causes of TCC of PBSCs. These issues should be investigated systematically in PBSC transplant patients. PMID:24192756

Choi, Sora; Rajan, Suja S; Trivedi, Meghana V

2014-01-01

111

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Learning disability (LD) refers to a condition in which a child fails to develop adequate academic skills, such as reading,\\u000a writing, or calculation. LDs involve inadequate development of academic skills, rather than representing a loss of previously\\u000a acquired function, although brain lesions may certainly result in cognitive deficits that affect reading, writing, and calculation\\u000a (for a review, see Heilman and

Gayle K. Deutsch; Robert N. Davis

112

A Walk a Day Keeps Disability at Bay  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. A Walk a Day Keeps Disability at Bay Study links greater mobility ... two groups. One group walked 20 minutes a day, while the other group received educational material about ...

113

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

Language-Based Learning Disabilities What is a language-based learning disability ? What are some signs or symptoms ... a language-based learning disability ? What is a language-based learning disability? Language-based learning disabilities are ...

114

Wake Up Call: Pregnant and Parenting Teens with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pregnancy among all teenagers is a major challenge facing the United States. A literature review indicated little research on the incidences of pregnancy and parenting among teenagers with disabilities, similarities and differences in their educational needs when compared to their non-disabled peers, and how programs address their specific…

Jones, Karen H.; Woolcock-Henry, Constance O.; Domenico, Desirae M.

2005-01-01

115

Social Group Work for Young Offenders with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the high incidence of learning disabilities among young offenders, research suggests that young offenders with learning disabilities do not receive interventions that address their learning dis- abilities. Group treatment approaches for young offenders typically uti- lize a cognitive-behavioral orientation. Cognitive behavioral techniques have been found to be effective with the young offender population by targeting their faulty thinking. However,

Faye Mishna; Barbara Muskat

2001-01-01

116

Speech and Language Disorders in Children with Intellectual Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 148 Bulgarian children with mild intellectual disabilities investigated the incidence of various types of speech and language disorders in children with intellectual disabilities. A questionnaire was given to the parents and relatives of the children requiring information about the pupils' pre-, peri-, and early postnatal…

Georgieva, Dobrinka; Cholakova, Maya

117

The Multidomain Intervention to preveNt disability in ElDers (MINDED) project: rationale and study design of a pilot study.  

PubMed

Disability is hardly reversible at old age, negatively impacts on the elders' quality of life, and significantly threatens the sustainability of public health services. Therefore, preventive interventions become necessary for successfully avoiding its onset. The translation of the successful clinical approach represented by the geriatric comprehensive assessment at the community-level and the specific targeting of frailty (a well-established geriatric syndrome) might represent a promising possibility. This approach may allow the implementation of preventive interventions before the irreversible features of disability onset. Unfortunately, there is a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of primary prevention programs against disability in community-dwelling elders. Moreover, the novelty of the topic makes it difficult for the immediate design and conduction of a full-scale trial. For these reasons, a pilot project aimed at obtaining the preliminary information for the design of a subsequent definitive trial is required. In the present article, we describe the objectives, design, and methods of the Multidomain Intervention to preveNt Disability in ElDers (MINDED) project. MINDED is articulated into three sequential phases. First, a screening tool for indentifying non-disabled frail older persons in the community (ideal target population for preventive interventions against disability) will be validated. Then, the organization of a multidisciplinary team in the development and design of a multidomain preventive plan against disability will be verified/optimized. Finally, a randomized controlled trial measuring the effect size of a multicomponent intervention (based on physical exercise, nutrition, and cognitive training) against incident mobility disability versus usual care in community-dwelling frail elders will be conducted. PMID:24768939

Cesari, Matteo; Demougeot, Laurent; Boccalon, Henri; Guyonnet, Sophie; Vellas, Bruno; Andrieu, Sandrine

2014-05-01

118

Sexual Abuse of Individuals with Disabilities: Prevention Strategies for Clinical Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities occurs in alarming proportions, although the prevalence and incidence of such abuse is difficult to determine. Although all states maintain statistics on child sexual abuse, the rate of victimization for individuals with disabilities is not specific. This paper reviews several studies conducted on sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities with a focus on clinical

Adriana G. McEachern

2012-01-01

119

Disability among Elderly Survivors of Mechanical Ventilation  

PubMed Central

Rationale: Studies of long-term functional outcomes of elderly survivors of mechanical ventilation (MV) are limited to local samples and biased retrospective, proxy-reported preadmission functional status. Objectives: To assess the impact on disability of hospitalization with MV, compared with hospitalization without MV, accounting for prospectively assessed prior functional status. Methods: Retrospective population-based longitudinal cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries age 65 and older enrolled in the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, 1996–2003. Measurements and Main Results: Premeasures and postmeasures of disability included mobility difficulty and weighted activities of daily living disability scores ranging from 0 (not disabled) to 100 (completely disabled) based on self-reported health and functional status collected 1 year apart. Among 54,771 person-years (PY) of observation over 7 calendar years of data, 42,890 PY involved no hospitalization, 11,347 PY involved a hospitalization without MV, and 534 PY included a hospitalization with MV. Mortality at 1 year was 8.9%, 23.9%, and 72.5%, respectively. The level of disability at the postassessment was substantially higher for a prototypical patient who survived after hospitalization with MV (adjusted activities of daily living disability score [95% confidence interval] 14.9 [12.2–17.7]; adjusted mobility difficulty score [95% confidence interval] 25.4 [22.4–28.4]) compared with an otherwise identical patient who survived hospitalization without MV (11.5 [11.1–11.9] and 22.3 [21.8–22.9]) or who was not hospitalized (8.0 [7.9–8.1] and 13.4 [13.3–13.6]). Conclusions: The greater marginal increase in disability among survivors of MV compared with survivors of hospitalization without MV is larger than would be predicted from prior functional status.

Barnato, Amber E.; Albert, Steven M.; Angus, Derek C.; Lave, Judith R.; Degenholtz, Howard B.

2011-01-01

120

Secondary analysis of a scoping review of health promotion interventions for persons with disabilities: Do health promotion interventions for people with mobility impairments address secondary condition reduction and increased community participation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSecondary conditions can have very serious outcomes for people with physical disabilities. Such consequences can range from immobility due to pressure sores to withdrawal and isolation due to depression, decreasing participation in the community.

Glen W. White; Chiaki Gonda; Jana J. Peterson; Charles E. Drum

2011-01-01

121

Career Interests and Self-Estimated Abilities of Young Adults with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to ascertain vocational interests and self-estimated work-relevant abilities of young adults with disabilities. Results showed that young adults with both low incidence and high incidence disabilities have a wide range of interests and self-estimated work-relevant abilities that are comparable to those in the general…

Turner, Sherri; Unkefer, Lesley Craig; Cichy, Bryan Ervin; Peper, Christine; Juang, Ju-Ping

2011-01-01

122

Disability: a welfarist approach  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we offer a new account of disability. According to our account, some state of a person's biology or psychology is a disability if that state makes it more likely that a person's life will get worse, in terms of his or her own wellbeing, in a given set of social and environmental circumstances. Unlike the medical model of disability, our welfarist approach does not tie disability to deviation from normal species’ functioning, nor does it understand disability in essentialist terms. Like the social model of disability, the welfarist approach sees disability as a harmful state that results from the interaction between a person's biology and psychology and his or her surrounding environment. However, unlike the social model, it denies that the harm associated with disability is entirely due to social prejudice or injustice. In this paper, we outline and clarify the welfarist approach, answer common objections and illustrate its usefulness in addressing a range of difficult ethical questions involving disability.

Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

2011-01-01

123

Conferences and convention centres' accessibility to people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Objective: The purposes of this manuscript are to create awareness of problems of accessibility at meetings and conferences for people with disabilities, and to provide a checklist for organizers of conferences to make the event more accessible to people with disabilities. Methods: We conducted a search of the grey literature for conference centres and venues that had recommendations for making the event more accessible. The types of disability included in this manuscript are those as a consequence of visual, hearing and mobility impairments. Results: We provide a checklist to make meetings accessible to people with disabilities. The checklist is divided into sections related to event planning, venue accessibility, venue staff, invitations/registrations, greeting people with a disability, actions during the event, and suggestions for effective presenters. Conclusions: The checklist can be used by prospective organizers of conferences to plan an event and to ensure inclusion and participation of people with disabilities. PMID:24925467

Doshi, Jasmine Khandhar; Furlan, Andréa Dompieri; Lopes, Luis Carlos; DeLisa, Joel; Battistella, Linamara Rizzo

2014-06-25

124

Predicting disabilities in daily functioning in older people with intellectual disabilities using a frailty index.  

PubMed

Frailty is a state of increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes compared to others of the same age. People with intellectual disabilities (ID) are more frequently and earlier frail compared to the general population. Frailty challenges much of health care, which will likely further increase due to the aging of the population. Before effective interventions can start, more information is necessary about the consequences of frailty in this, already disabled, population. Here we report whether frailty predicts disabilities in daily functioning. Frailty was measured with a frailty index (FI). At baseline and follow-up activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and mobility were collected by informant report. For 703 older people with ID (?50 yr) baseline and follow-up measures were known. Multivariate linear regression models were used to predict ADL, IADL and mobility at follow-up. The FI was significantly associated with disabilities in daily functioning independent of baseline characteristics (age, gender, level of ID, Down syndrome) and baseline ADL, IADL or mobility. The FI showed to be most predictive for those with relative high independence at baseline. These results stress the importance for interventions that limit the progression of frailty and, thereby, help to limit further disability. PMID:24950014

Schoufour, Josje D; Mitnitski, Arnold; Rockwood, Kenneth; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I M; Evenhuis, Heleen M; Echteld, Michael A

2014-10-01

125

What Are Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... disability is not an indication of a person’s intelligence. Also, learning disabilities are not the same as ... Support for Neuroscience Research NIH grantee develops new technology to recognize words via brain activity patterns All ...

126

An Additional Handicap: Visual Perceptual Learning Disabilities of Deaf Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines issues concerned with the incidence of visual perceptual learning disabilities among deaf and partially hearing children. Evidence indicating a high incidence (15.5 percent of 682 deaf students) of visual perceptual deficits is offered, as is a definition of visual perception. The impact of visual perceptual deficits on…

Ratner, Vivienne

127

Aversive Disablism: Subtle Prejudice toward Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being "respected and included as equal members of society". In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the…

Deal, Mark

2007-01-01

128

DISABILITY STATISTICS CENTER  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Disability Statistics Center is to produce and disseminate statistical information on disability and the status of people with disabilities in American society and to establish and monitor indicators of how conditions are changing over time to meet their health...

129

Disability Accommodation Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for two-year college faculty and staff working with students with disabilities, this handbook contains facts about various disabilities, practical suggestions for improving services, and resource points for further information. Following a brief introduction, legal implications regarding disabled students are discussed for…

Flick-Hruska, Connie, Comp.; Blythe, Gretchen, Comp.

130

Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

Goodley, Dan

2011-01-01

131

Work Disability in Appalachia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper begins by examining the history of disability payments to disabled workers, specifically disability payments to coal workers. Efforts by the United Mine Workers of America made mine health and safety an issue in the 1960s, and continuing liberalization of the law continued through the 1970s. The identification of coal miners with…

Greenwood, Judith

132

Movement, Mobility, and Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical inactivity is increasingly recognized as a public health problem due to the increased risks for chronic diseases and disabling physical conditions that limit movement and mobility in adults. During the past 15 years, public health activities have focused on understanding factors that influence physical activity behaviors and in identifying ways to minimize physical inactivity. Efforts have focused on conducting

Barbara E. Ainsworth

2005-01-01

133

Personal emergency preparedness for people with disabilities from the 2006-2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPeople with disabilities may be disproportionately at risk of injury or death in emergency situations due to physical, cognitive, and socioeconomic factors. These factors individually or in combination have the potential to affect response to emergencies before, during, or after the incident. This study examines general emergency preparedness of persons with disabilities compared to those without disabilities.

Diane L. Smith; Stephen J. Notaro

2009-01-01

134

General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

135

Repositioning Mothers: Mothers, Disabled Children and Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we set out to review the ways in which mothers of disabled children have been portrayed within disability studies and the more broader academic literature. We argue that within disability studies mothers of disabled children occupy a liminal position because they are often not disabled and yet they can experience forms of…

Ryan, Sara; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2008-01-01

136

Approach to learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning\\u000a disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create\\u000a a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a denote the problem related to reading, writing

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sarika Kalantre; Shubhangi Upadhye; Sunil Karande; Sanjeev Ahuja

2001-01-01

137

Disability and global development.  

PubMed

The United States invests billions of taxpayer dollars each year into foreign assistance programs that foster international diplomacy and development directed toward improving the quality of life for people around the world. These programs develop economies and combat poverty, promote democracy and governance, build new infrastructure, advance and protect human rights, among other development goals. The United States cannot effectively accomplish the goals of foreign assistance programs unless it undertakes measures to ensure that the programs are accessible to and inclusive of people with disabilities. The United States has been a leader in advancing the rights of people with disabilities and must continue to promote disability rights through its international development work. Overseas economic development will not be successful unless people with disabilities are included. Because of the significant number of people with disabilities in developing countries, if they are not included, the very economic growth the United States is trying to foster will be hindered. The goals of democracy and governance programs cannot be achieved without the inclusion of people with disabilities. In many countries, domestic law contains blatant discriminatory provisions for people with disabilities that undermine access to justice and full participation in society. The provisions that discriminate against people with disabilities include arbitrary exclusions in electoral codes, sweeping plenary guardianship laws with no due-process protections, discriminatory banking practices, and inaccessible court proceedings. National disability legal frameworks remain underdeveloped throughout the world. PMID:22726852

Durocher, Joan; Lord, Janet; Defranco, Allison

2012-07-01

138

Culture and Disability Behavior  

PubMed Central

A substantial amount of literature suggests that illness behavior in the United States is a product of a patient's core culture; equally credible findings do not support this contention. Most students and graduates in the health care professions believe that illness and disability behavior are affected by a patient's culture, but they are hard put to find convincing examples of that relationship. In experience with medical students studying the social and cultural bases of illness behavior, with patients who are disabled and with persons who claim disability in the absence of physical disease or disabling psychopathology, I observed no deviant disability behavior that was typical for the members of any cultural group, and no behavior was displayed by the members of one cultural group that was not seen in members of other cultural groups. No cultural stereotypes were upheld. I did find evidence that disability behavior is influenced by personality factors, social situations and the gains derived from the disability status. Evolving concepts of “entitlement,” which are closely related to socioeconomic status, also have a significant influence. The impact of feedback from others in a person's many social and medical subcultures is a more crucial determinant of illness and disability behavior, except in those for whom illness and disability behavior is determined by the limitations imposed by the disease or by a personality structure resistant to cultural expectations and social feedback.

Brodsky, Carroll M.

1983-01-01

139

Health and Problem Behavior Among People With Intellectual Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Good health significantly improves a person's quality of life. However, people with intellectual disabilities disproportionately have more health problems than the general population. Further complicating the matter is that people with more severe disabilities often cannot verbalize health complications they are experiencing, which leads to health problems being undiagnosed and untreated. It is plausible these conditions can interact with reinforcement contingencies to maintain problem behavior because of the increased incidence of health problems among people with intellectual disabilities. This paper reviews common health problems influencing problem behavior and reinforcement processes. A clear implication of this review is the need for comprehensive functional assessments of problem behavior involving behavior analysts and health professionals.

May, Michael E; Kennedy, Craig H

2010-01-01

140

Why Do Many Older Persons Become Disabled in Walking and Driving?  

MedlinePLUS

... the 17 January 2012 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine (volume 156, pages 131-140). The authors are ... needed to prevent community mobility disability. Annals of Internal Medicine Summaries for Patients I-44© 2012 American College ...

141

Disability and Health: Healthy Living  

MedlinePLUS

... the Health and Wellness of Persons with Disabilities Health Care Reform Health care reform for Americans with disabilities: Learn more about the Affordable Care Act . Getting the Best Possible Health Care People with disabilities must get the care ...

142

Office of Disability Employment Policy  

MedlinePLUS

... DOL Home > Office of Disability Employment Policy ODEP - Office of Disability Employment Policy Disability Policy. Employment Practice. ... Employment & Entrepreneurship Tax Incentives for Employers Transportation Universal Design Veterans Women The Workforce System Workforce Recruitment Program ( ...

143

"So Much Potential in Reading!" Developing Meaningful Literacy Routines for Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with multiple disabilities, often experience challenges in communication, mobility, and learning. Despite these challenges, substantial research exists that documents successful educational methods and strategies for these students. Specifically, students with multiple disabilities have successfully been taught to use a voice output…

Fenlon, Amanda G.; McNabb, Jessica; Pidlypchak, Harmony

2010-01-01

144

Disability and Democracy in Cambodia: An Integrative Approach to Community Building and Civic Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The political framework through which the various communities of disabled persons in Cambodia advocate for and claim their rights is complex and confusing. Both governmental and non-governmental actors engage this political framework through the mobilization of persons from the various disabled communities, competing in the civic sphere through…

Zook, Darren C.

2010-01-01

145

Evaluation of an Application for Making Palmtop Computers Accessible to Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Palmtop computers provide a promising mobile platform to address barriers to computer-based supports for people with intellectual disabilities. This study evaluated a specially designed interface to make navigation and features of palmtop computers more accessible to users with intellectual disabilities. Method: The specialised…

Stock, Steven E.; Davies, Daniel K.; Davies, Katelyn R.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2006-01-01

146

Advocating in Schools for Children with Disabilities: What's New with IDEA?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Article provides information regarding amended Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the impact of those changes on children's education rights. Some changes and practice implications discussed include expansion of categories of children with disabilities; new requirements for mobile, homeless, or culturally diverse populations and…

Altshuler, Sandra J.; Kopels, Sandra

2003-01-01

147

Support for Students with Disabilities in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing services for students with disabilities, it is important to emphasize that this term encompasses a variety of physical and cognitive challenges faced by individuals, including learning disabilities such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), mobility impairment, hearing/visual…

Zarkesh, Maryam

2004-01-01

148

Athletic Training Students With Disabilities: A Survey of Entry-Level Education Programs  

PubMed Central

Context: The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 created and expanded protection for people with disabilities. Objective: To identify the proportion of students with disabilities enrolled in entry-level athletic training education programs (ATEPs), to examine the nature of the disabilities reported by these students, and to assess the number of ATEPs with policies (beyond technical standards) for admitting students with disabilities. Design: I distributed a survey via e-mail and the US Postal Service. The survey instrument was adapted from a tool used in similar research on medical education programs. Setting: Entry-level ATEPs. Patients or Other Participants: The survey was distributed to program directors at 292 Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Program–accredited entry-level ATEPs. Main Outcome Measure(s): Using frequency analysis, I determined the rate at which students with disabilities enrolled in entry-level ATEPs and the types of disabilities represented. Disabilities represented in the study were related to learning, auditory, visual, emotional, orthopaedic, mobility, and motor skill impairments. Results: Of the 283 surveys delivered, 105 (37%) were completed and returned. A total of 70% of respondents reported enrollment of students with disabilities in their ATEPs. The number of students with disabilities in entry-level ATEPs increased during the 4-year period of this study, and the proportion of students with disabilities has also increased annually (from 1.8% to 2.6%). The most common type of impairment was a learning disability, accounting for more than 80% of all disabilities reported. Fewer than 10% of the ATEPs had a specific enrollment policy for students with disabilities. Conclusions: The number of students with disabilities in entry-level ATEPs is increasing, yet this figure is well below the 9% reported for the general student population. Most institutions rely on technical standards or student disability officers to determine if a student with a disability is otherwise qualified for selection into the ATEP.

Newsham, Katherine R

2006-01-01

149

Learning Disabilities and Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides information on preparing individuals with learning disabilities for the challenges of employment and outlines the rights of those with learning disabilities in the workplace. Introductory chapters in Part 1 include: "Life after School: Challenges in the Workplace" (Paul J. Gerber); "The New Economy in the 21st Century:…

Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Brown, Dale S., Ed.

150

Disability: Our Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten papers from a 1978 lecture series on employment, civil rights, education, social aspects, and recreation and leisure for disabled persons are presented. It is explained that as disabled persons, the lecturers presented role models to the students at the Regional Education Program for Handicapped College Students at Teachers College, Columbia.…

Hourihan, John P., Ed.

151

Working with the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a period of declining college enrollments, it is important to serve all qualified students, especially disabled students who may not be attracted to a college unless the college is responding to their needs. The role of the counselor is to translate awareness of needs into positive action for the disabled student. (Author)

Hetherington, Cheryl; Sandmeyer, Louise

1979-01-01

152

Supervising the Learning Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the different types of learning disabilities (visual, auditory, motor, tactile, academic), types of accommodations needed for each disability, and hints for supervisors. These suggestions include practicing patience, being direct and specific, explaining inappropriate behavior, being understanding but firm, and being especially thorough…

Supervisory Management, 1985

1985-01-01

153

Including Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inclusion of disabled children in their local schools and communities is part of the universal struggle of disabled people to claim their basic human rights to equality and participation, and to insist on the necessary changes in society and its institutions to make this possible. Although this movement is still in its infancy, reports from…

Mittler, Peter

2004-01-01

154

Disability evaluation in Japan.  

PubMed

To examine the current state and social ramifications of disability evaluation in Japan, public data from Annual Reports on Health and Welfare 1998-1999 were investigated. All data were analyzed based on the classification of disabilities and the effects of age-appropriate welfare services, which have been developed through a half-century of legislative efforts to support disability evaluation. These data suggest that disability evaluation, while essentially affected by age and impairment factors at a minimum, was impacted more by the assistive environment for disabilities. The assistive environment was found to be closely linked with the welfare support system related to a global assessment in the field of community-based rehabilitation. PMID:19503677

Suzuki, Tsunehiko

2009-05-01

155

Mobile Payments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing deployment of wireless networks and the widespread popularity of handheld devices have led to numerous applications ranging from mobile banking to location-based tracking to mobile advertising. With nearly 300 million mobile users worldwide expected to be purchasing content on wireless devices by 2005, many of these emerging services would greatly benefit from infrastructure support for mobile payments. Many

Upkar Varshney

2002-01-01

156

Programming for Mentally Retarded and Learning Disabled Inmates: A Guide for Correctional Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource manual is intended to assist correctional agencies in developing or upgrading educational and support services for adult inmates with retardation or learning disabilities. Following an introductory section, section 2 summarizes definitions and symptoms of mental retardation and learning disabilities, identifies their incidence among…

Coffey, Osa D.; And Others

157

Mild Intellectual Disabilities: Legacies and Trends in Concepts and Educational Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intellectual disability has been considered a high incidence disability in special education since the inception of the field in the United States. The purpose of this article is to evaluate current educational programs and practices for students who historically and commonly have been referred to as having mild mental retardation. The article…

Polloway, Edward A.; Lubin, Jacqueline; Smith, J. David; Patton, James R.

2010-01-01

158

Complexities in Identifying and Defining Mathematics Learning Disability in the Primary School-Age Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a prospective longitudinal study of math disability (MD) addressed its incidence during primary school, the utility of different MD definitions, and evidence of MD subtypes. Findings indicated only 22 of 209 participants demonstrated "persistent MD"; reading disability was more frequent in this group; and reading related skills and…

Mazzocco, Michele M. M.; Myers, Gwen F.

2003-01-01

159

Identifying Expressions of Pleasure and Displeasure by Persons with Profound and Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The aim of this study was to explore a procedure for drafting individualised profiles of how people with profound multiple disabilities express pleasure and displeasure. Method: There were 6 participants with profound multiple disabilities. The procedure involved an observational analysis of videotaped critical incidents by a…

Petry, Katja; Maes, Bea

2006-01-01

160

Differences in Self-Reported Trauma Symptomatology between Individuals with and without Disability: An Exploratory Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined whether individuals with disabilities report higher levels of trauma symptoms than their nondisabled counterparts. Based on trauma theory and prior research regarding the incidence rate of posttraumatic stress disorder, the authors hypothesized that individuals with disabilities would report higher levels of…

Strauser, David R.; Lustig, Daniel C.; Uruk, Ayse C.

2007-01-01

161

Exploring Postsecondary Education Disability Service's Standards: Alignment with Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study analyzing the perspectives held by higher education's disability service providers in regards to disability and/or students with disabilities in the implementation of program standards was carried out using a sequential mixed-methods design. Using the knowledge gather by Disability Studies scholars, the study used the constructs of…

Guzman, Alberto

2009-01-01

162

78 FR 9926 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control Special Emphasis Panel (SEP): Initial Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control...Prevalence and Incidence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, FOA DP 13-001, initial review. In...

2013-02-12

163

Early Stage Breast Cancer Treatments for Younger Medicare Beneficiaries with Different Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore how underlying disability affects treatments and outcomes of disabled women with breast cancer. Data Sources Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program data, linked with Medicare files and Social Security Administration disability group. Study Design Ninety thousand two hundred and forty-three incident cases of early-stage breast cancer under age 65; adjusted relative risks and hazards ratios examined treatments and survival, respectively, for women in four disability groups compared with nondisabled women. Principal Findings Demographic characteristics, treatments, and survival varied among four disability groups. Compared with nondisabled women, those with mental disorders and neurological conditions had significantly lower adjusted rates of breast conserving surgery and radiation therapy. Survival outcomes also varied by disability type. Conclusions Compared with nondisabled women, certain subgroups of women with disabilities are especially likely to experience disparities in care for breast cancer.

Iezzoni, Lisa I; Ngo, Long H; Li, Donglin; Roetzheim, Richard G; Drews, Reed E; McCarthy, Ellen P

2008-01-01

164

Injury prevention for children with disabilities.  

PubMed

Little injury data exists for children who have disabilities. There is an urgent need to address injury prevention and to improve safety standards for this group. Understanding the epidemiology of injuries will allow clinicians to accurately advise patients and their families on individual risks and counsel them in steps to take to reduce those risks. Safety information must be tailored to consider each child's functional impairments. All children who have disabilities are at risk for maltreatment. Open discussion of this problem is warranted given the immensity of the problem. Identifying parental concerns and supporting parents in the use of respite resources are appropriate. For children who have problems in mobility, falls are the number one concern. Collaboration with reliable vendors and therapists that adhere to standards for safe seating is essential for reducing the risk of wheelchair tips and falls. In addition, therapists should be directed to provide mobility training for activities from safe transfers to street crossing in a community setting. Parents should be counseled to approach their child's injury risk based on the child's cognitive and behavioral level rather than their chronological level. Knowledge of the child's developmental quotient or intelligence quotient will also allow the clinician to accurately formulate an injury prevention plan. Many children will always need supervision for tasks that put them in situations of injury risk (i.e., swimming, street crossing, bathing). Sensorineural deficits such as blindness or deafness create significant alterations in negotiating the environment and an increased risk of injury. Awareness of the special needs for fire risk reduction and street safety are critical in this population. The collection of injury data is critical to define the scope of the problem and to influence changes in policy and the development of technical standards. Educational efforts focused on safety should include pediatricians, rehabilitative therapists, social workers, teachers, parents, and--most importantly--the empowerment of children as they age injury-free into adults. SUGGESTED STRATEGIES: A national injury surveillance system for children who have disabilities should be developed to identify injury risk factors for children with disabilities. Children with disabilities should be monitored as a separate risk group in data collection regarding injuries. Parents should be aware of the cognitive level of their child and its influence on their injury risk. Crash testing on passenger restraints should include crash dummies whose physical characteristics resemble those of children who have disabilities. Families should have an emergency evacuation plan with specific consideration of their disabled child in the event of an emergency. Risk of burns to insensate skin and risks of thermal and friction trauma should be discussed when appropriate. The fire department and the police department should be notified of the presence of a child who has a disability in the home. Parents must be aware of the risk of falls to children who are mobile but cognitively impaired and to those in wheelchairs regardless of cognitive ability. Hospitals must have Child Protective Services teams with specific training in abuse to children with disabilities. Discussion of maltreatment risk should be addressed during routine office visits and appropriate resources should be made available to provide support to families. Educational programs should be developed to alert providers to the risks of abuse of children who have disabilities. PMID:12465566

Gaebler-Spira, Deborah; Thornton, Lisa S

2002-11-01

165

Ubiquitous Yet Unique: Perspectives of People With Disabilities on Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study was grounded in a qualitative framework and used a focus group method to examine the meanings that individuals with disabilities (e.g., permanent mobility impairments, sensory impairments) attach to their experiences of stress, as well as major sources or causes of stress in these individuals' lives. Overall, the data showed…

Iwasaki, Yoshitaka; Mactavish, Jennifer B.

2005-01-01

166

Research into Telecommunications Options for People with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with a disability do not have equitable access to the modern telecommunication medium. Many experience difficulty typing, handling the phone, dialing, or answering calls. For those who are unable to speak, the only option is to type messages using whatever functional control site exists on their body. The provision of accessible mobile

Nguyen, Toan; Garrett, Rob; Downing, Andrew; Walker, Lloyd; Hobbs, David

2007-01-01

167

Etiological Survey on Intellectual Disability in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The etiology of intellectual disability was studied both in incident (n = 9,432) and prevalent (n = 9,351) populations in a one-year birth cohort born in Northern Finland in 1985-1986. Data from multiple sources were used to follow the children until the age of 11.5 years. Of the incident cases (n = 119) with intellectual disabilities, 66.4% had…

Heikura, Ulla; Linna, Sirkka-Liisa; Olsen, Paivi; Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa; Taanila, Anja; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta

2005-01-01

168

Paralympic Athletes and "Knowing Disability"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores non-disabled young people's understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and…

Fitzgerald, Hayley

2012-01-01

169

Careers for Persons with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the "Replicating Jobs in Business and Industry for Persons with Disabilities" project at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The project identifies successful role models for disabled youth and employers who have made accommodations for disabled employees. Includes guidelines for advocates of the disabled. (CH)

Tindall, Lloyd W.; Gugerty, John J.

1987-01-01

170

Adaptive Technology for the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 has made it illegal to discriminate against a disabled job applicant who is capable of doing the job. Adaptive devices allow even severely disabled people to perform jobs. Employers can use technology to help disabled employees be as productive as others. (JOW)

Filipczak, Bob

1993-01-01

171

The Excessive Appearance of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper engages the appearance of disability in contemporary Western culture. Rather than taking disability for granted as a biomedical condition, I interrogate how disability is made to appear in our culture, including its appearance as a biomedical condition. Fundamentally, disability appears to us as a trouble and, as such, cultural…

Michalko, Rod

2009-01-01

172

Generalist Genes and Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities—language impairment, reading disability, and mathematics disability—are generalists in 3 ways. First, genes that affect

Robert Plomin; Yulia Kovas

2005-01-01

173

Information Package on Disability Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a resource guide to disabilities studies, an approach to disability which seeks to examine the social, economic, and political forces that for years have served to marginalize and oppress people with disabilities. Following an introduction that explains the field of disability studies, Section 1 is an annotated bibliography of 13…

Harris, Perri; Lewin, Lori

174

DisabilityInfo.gov  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On August 28, 2002, President George W. Bush issued an executive memorandum as part of the New Freedom Initiative that directed all federal agencies to cooperate in building an interagency Web portal for people with disabilities, their families, employers, and the general public. As a result of this directive, DisabilityInfo.gov was developed to service these different groups. The site is divided into ten broad thematic areas, including housing, education, health, technology, and civil rights. Within each area, visitors can look through a number of press releases and links dealing with each area and, in many cases, specifically addressing the rights of the disabled. The site includes a search engine and, appropriately enough, is also available in several different versions, including a high-contrast version. Finally, the site also contains a number of federal grant opportunities for persons and organizations serving and working on behalf of the disabled.

175

Vital signs: disability and physical activity - United States, 2009-2012.  

PubMed

Background: Adults with disabilities are less active and have higher rates of chronic disease than the general population. Given the health benefits of physical activity, understanding physical activity, its relationship with chronic disease, and health professional recommendations for physical activity among young to middle-age adults with disabilities could help increase the effectiveness of health promotion efforts. Methods: Data from the 2009-2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used to estimate the prevalence of, and association between, aerobic physical activity (inactive, insufficiently active, or active) and chronic diseases (heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and cancer) among adults aged 18-64 years by disability status and type (hearing, vision, cognitive, and mobility). The prevalence of, and association between, receiving a health professional recommendation for physical activity and level of aerobic physical activity was assessed using 2010 data. Results: Overall, 11.6% of U.S. adults aged 18-64 years reported a disability, with estimates for disability type ranging from 1.7% (vision) to 5.8% (mobility). Compared with adults without disabilities, inactivity was more prevalent among adults with any disability (47.1% versus 26.1%) and for adults with each type of disability. Inactive adults with disabilities were 50% more likely to report one or more chronic diseases than those who were physically active. Approximately 44% of adults with disabilities received a recommendation from a health professional for physical activity in the past 12 months. Conclusions: Almost half of adults with disabilities are physically inactive and are more likely to have a chronic disease. Among adults with disabilities who visited a health professional in the past 12 months, the majority (56%) did not receive a recommendation for physical activity. Implications for Public Health: These data highlight the need for increased physical activity among persons with disabilities, which might require support across societal sectors, including government and health care. PMID:24807240

Carroll, Dianna D; Courtney-Long, Elizabeth A; Stevens, Alissa C; Sloan, Michelle L; Lullo, Carolyn; Visser, Susanna N; Fox, Michael H; Armour, Brian S; Campbell, Vincent A; Brown, David R; Dorn, Joan M

2014-05-01

176

Interactive Evaluation of Educational Programs Serving Students with Severe Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes an interactive evaluation process based on E. Brown's transactional evaluation model, and its application to evaluating programs serving children with severe and multiple disabilities or other low incidence populations. The model emphasizes the first part of the assessment process, determining which questions to ask and what…

Sobsey, Dick

177

Personality Patterns of Successful and Unsuccessful Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adults (N=86) with learning disabilities completed the Personality Pattern Inventory, an employment history, and an interview. Verbal intelligence quotient was found to be the best predictor of employment success or lack of success. The incidence of reactor, persister, and workaholic personality types differed between subjects and a population of…

Faas, Larry A.; And Others

1990-01-01

178

Early Head Start: Identifying and Serving Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early Head Start (EHS) is a comprehensive, two-generation program that provides services to low income families with children under the age of 3 years. As part of their mandate, staff members of EHS programs collaborate with other service providers in their local communities, including Part C and childcare providers. The incidence of disabilities

Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Raikes, Helen A.; Kisker, Ellen E.; Swanson, Mark E.; Jerald, Judith; Atwater, Jane B.; Qiao, Wei

2004-01-01

179

An Exploration of Community Learning Disability Nurses' Therapeutic Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review and primary qualitative research explores therapeutic role from the perspective of Community Learning Disability Nurses. Semi-structured interviews, based on Critical Incident Technique ("Psychol Bull", 51, 1954, 327), and descriptive phenomenological methodology were adopted to elicit data amenable to systematic content…

Marsham, Marian

2012-01-01

180

Vitamin D and Fractures in People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: People with intellectual disability (ID) are thought to be at an increased risk of fractures. The extent of this increase in risk has been incompletely documented in the literature, and the underlying reasons remain to be elucidated. Methods: The aims of our study were to document the vitamin D status and fracture incidence in an…

Vanlint, S.; Nugent, M.

2006-01-01

181

A Review of Balance and Gait Capacities in Relation to Falls in Persons with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limitations in mobility are common in persons with intellectual disabilities (ID). As balance and gait capacities are key aspects of mobility, the prevalence of balance and gait problems is also expected to be high in this population. The objective of this study was to critically review the available literature on balance and gait characteristics…

Enkelaar, Lotte; Smulders, Ellen; van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, Henny; Geurts, Alexander C. H.; Weerdesteyn, Vivian

2012-01-01

182

Using iPads with Students with Disabilities: Lessons Learned from Students, Teachers, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of mobile technology has increased greatly in recent years. Although the research in this area is still in its infancy, preliminary studies are showing a positive impact on the skills and academic engagement of students with disabilities. This column provides an overview of a selection of research studies involving mobile devices such as…

Draper Rodríguez, Cathi; Strnadová, Iva; Cumming, Therese

2014-01-01

183

Intrusion detection model of mobile agent based on Aglets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mutual cooperation of invasion, data source decentralized, and the growing network traffic disable the traditional intrusion detection system. Distributed intrusion detection system (DIDS) is produced to solve the abovementioned problems. Applying mobile agent (MA) to the intrusion detection is a recent development and it is aimed at effective intrusion detection in distributed environment. Intelligent and mobile characteristics of the agent

Jing Xu; Shijun Wu

2010-01-01

184

Age-Related Impairments of Mobility Associated with Cobalt and Other Heavy Metals: Data from NHANES 1999–2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to heavy metals promotes oxidative stress and damage to cellular components, and may accelerate age-related disease and disability. Physical mobility is a validated biomarker of age-related disability and is predictive of hospitalization and mortality. Our study examined associations between selected heavy metals and impaired lower limb mobility in a representative older human population. Data for 1615 adults aged ?60

Iain A. Lang; Alan Scarlett; Jack M. Guralnik; Michael H. Depledge; David Melzer; Tamara S. Galloway

2009-01-01

185

Lead exposure in a developmentally disabled workforce.  

PubMed

Over-exposure to lead was identified among developmentally disabled workers engage in furniture refinishing at two separate sites. The index case was identified at the first site by a public health nurse assigned to provide care to some of the workers. Referral to a regional occupational health clinic initiated an exposure assessment and medical consultation at both work sites. Blood lead levels (BLLs) among sanders and helpers at site A averaged 60 micrograms per deciliter of blood (mcg/dl). At site B, BLLs were lower, but 6 individuals had BLLs greater than mcg/dl. Hand sanding of chemically stripped wood previously coated with lead-based paint was determined to be the exposure source. These incidents document potential lead overexposure in an underecognized setting. They also emphasize the importance of incorporating a workplace health risk assessment in the process of placing and protecting the developmentally disabled on the job. PMID:9651630

Lax, M B; Siwinski, G

1998-08-01

186

Mortality and disability among cotton mill workers.  

PubMed Central

The mortality and disability of cotton mill workers were studied in five Finnish cotton mills. The population under study comprised all 1065 women exposed to raw cotton dust who had been hired between 1950 and 1971. The minimum exposure period was five years. For the study on disability, the cohort was followed up until the end of 1981. The follow up period for the mortality analysis was from 1950 to 1985. At the end of 1981 the observed number of prevalent disability pensions for respiratory disease was 15, whereas 3.9 were expected (p less than 0.01) on the basis of the national figures for women. There were 46 musculoskeletal diseases (27.7 expected, p less than 0.01), of which 24 were osteoarthritis (14.5 expected) and 13 rheumatoid arthritis (6.6 expected). The incidence rates of disability pensions were calculated for the period 1969-81. Comparison of incidence rates between cotton mill workers and the Finnish female population showed excessive rates for both respiratory diseases (p less than 0.001) and musculoskeletal diseases (p less than 0.01), with an excess of new cases of rheumatoid arthritis (p less than 0.05). By the end of 1985 the number of person-years was 31,678 and the number of deaths 95. The standardised mortality ratios for the total period of follow up (1950-85) showed no excess for respiratory diseases. Mortality from cardiovascular diseases was also lower than expected. The observed number of tumours was 33, the corresponding expected number 32.0. Thirteen tumours were in the digestive organs (6.6 expected, p<0.05) and three were lung cancers (1.9 expected). Five workers had died from renal disease; the expected number was 1.5 (p<0.05).

Koskela, R S; Klockars, M; Jarvinen, E

1990-01-01

187

Advocating in schools for children with disabilities: what's new with IDEA?  

PubMed

All social workers who work with children and families, regardless of their practice setting, should be aware of the important educational rights to which children with disabilities and their families are entitled. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (P.L. 101-476), one of the most sweeping laws protecting children with disabilities, was substantially amended in 1997, and its regulatory provisions became legally effective in October 1999. This article provides information about the requirements of the law and the impact of those changes on children's educational rights. The changes discussed and their practice implications include expansion of categories of children with disabilities; new requirements for mobile, homeless, or culturally diverse populations and participants in the individualized education program process; payment for private school placements for children with disabilities; discipline of children with disabilities; and provision of social work services in the schools. PMID:12899279

Altshuler, Sandra J; Kopels, Sandra

2003-07-01

188

Mobile Agents for Mobile Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile agents are programs that can move through a network under their own control, migratingfrom host to host and interacting with other agents and resources on each. We argue thatthese mobile, autonomous agents have the potential to provide a convenient, efficient and robustprogramming paradigm for distributed applications, particularly when partially connected computersare involved. Partially connected computers include mobile computers such

Daniela Rus; David Kotz; George Cybenko; Robert Gray; Saurab Nog

1996-01-01

189

Tax incidence, majority voting and capital market integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

We re-examine, from a political economy perspective, the standard view that higher capital mobility results in lower capital taxes — a view, in fact, that is not confirmed by the available empirical evidence. We show that when a small economy is opened to capital mobility, the change of incidence of a tax on capital–from capital owners to owners of the

Ben Lockwood; Miltiadis Makris

2006-01-01

190

Helping Adult Educators Understand Disability Disclosure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help adult educators understand the process of disability disclosure, descriptions of the following are provided: the Americans with Disability Act of 1990, self-disclosure, disability disclosure, and identifying an undiagnosed disability. (Author/JOW)

Rocco, Tonette S.

2001-01-01

191

What is a Psychiatric Disability?  

PubMed

This article aims to clarify the notion of a psychiatric disability. The article uses conceptual analysis, examining and applying established definitions of (general) disability to psychiatric disabilities. This analysis reveals that disability as inability to perform according to expectations or norms is related to impairment as deviation from the (statistical) norm, while disability as inability to achieve (personal) goals is related to impairment as deviation from the (personal) ideal. These two views of impairment and disability are distinct from the self-organization view of impairment as disrupted self-creation or disrupted self-repair and of disability as disrupted whole person self-compensation (in relation to an impairment). All these three views of disability pertain to psychiatric disability. Although there is nothing necessarily psychiatric about psychiatric disability other than the psychiatric impairment related to it, the life course and life circumstances typical of many people with (severe) psychiatric disorders may lead to disability and may thus confer some (psychiatric) specificity on this disability. This analysis may facilitate research on specific psychiatric disabilities and a broader scope for psychiatric rehabilitation. PMID:23344673

Rudnick, Abraham

2014-06-01

192

Thrice disabling disability: enabling inclusive, socially just teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this inquiry was to create a social justice-oriented inclusive and enabling pedagogy by situating traditional individualised views of disability alongside three alternative understandings: a disability studies in education perspective, a First Nations view of disability and one based upon the autism pride\\/autism-as-culture movement. Using both these conventional and somewhat unconventional views of disability, a self-reflective case study

S. Anthony Thompson

2012-01-01

193

Thrice disabling disability: enabling inclusive, socially just teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this inquiry was to create a social justice?oriented inclusive and enabling pedagogy by situating traditional individualised views of disability alongside three alternative understandings: a disability studies in education perspective, a First Nations view of disability and one based upon the autism pride\\/autism?as?culture movement. Using both these conventional and somewhat unconventional views of disability, a self?reflective case study

S. Anthony Thompson

2011-01-01

194

Federal Family and Disability Policy: Special Relevance for Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews federal policy affecting families who have children or adult members with disabilities, particularly but not exclusively developmental disabilities. It reviews the federal statutes and family-and-disability related decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court and the other courts. It then reviews the research on current family support…

Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III; Stowe, Matthew J.; Agosta, John; Turnbull, Ann P.; Schrandt, M. Suzanne; Muller, John F.

2007-01-01

195

75 FR 9821 - Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners AGENCY: Social Security Administration...are also experts in Social Security disability...other opinions of State agency medical and...are also experts in Social Security disability...other opinions of State agency medical...

2010-03-04

196

Women with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the National Women's Health Information Center offers a plethora of resources of interest to women with disabilities and those who work and live with them. Divided into topical areas such as abuse, parenting, and sexuality, the site has a range of information about different types of disabilities and how they may particularly affect women. Also provided is information on federal laws and regulations that protect those with disabilities as well as extensive lists of services and support resources. A section on statistics may prove especially useful to researchers and educators. This site has literally hundreds of helpful links and publications and will be useful to both the general public and professionals.

197

Disability and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... en... Favorites Delicious Digg Google Bookmarks Disability and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Some people with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are ... SSA Policy for Evaluating Disability for Patients with CFS The SSA policy for evaluating patients with CFS, ...

198

Learning Disabilities Association of America  

MedlinePLUS

... benefit LDA. Shop Now Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal Committed to the study of learning disabilities through all stages of life, this journal provides the most current information on research, practice, ...

199

Benefits for Children with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

Benefits For Children With Disabilities 2014 Contacting Social Security Visit our website Our website, www.socialsecurity.gov , ... some telephone calls. What’s Inside Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments for children with disabilities . . . . . 5 ...

200

Persons with disabilities, cancer screening and related factors.  

PubMed

The scope of this article is to describe persons with disabilities (PwD) being subjected to cancer screening and the relationship between some social variables and inequalities in performing these tests. A cross-sectional study of cancer screening among PwD was conducted in 2007 with 333 participants interviewed in residence in 4 cities of São Paulo. Variables in the practice of cancer screening, disabilities, gender, age, income of main family breadwinner, ethnicity, use of health services, assistance required, private health insurance, and coverage by the family health program were studied. Frequencies, ?²-test, trend ?² percentages and the Odds Ratios (OR) were used for data analysis. 44% of PwD attended at least one cancer screening at the appropriate time. Persons with visual disabilities and with hearing disabilities were subjected to more screening examinations than those with mobility disabilities and women were attended in screening exams more than men. Persons between the ages of 21 and 60 reported cancer screening more frequently than those between 80 and 97 years of age. The outcomes indicate that PwD have different attitudes toward cancer screening according to the type of disability, gender, and age, which were the variables that directly influenced cancer screening exams. PMID:24263886

de Castro, Shamyr Sulyvan; Cieza, Alarcos; Cesar, Chester Luiz Galvão

2013-12-01

201

Screening for Developmental Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Developmental disabilities are responsible for a combination of severe physical, mental, psychological and social deficits. They develop before age 22 years and involve a little more than 1% of the population. Screening for developmental disabilities is the first step in their prevention. Various screening instruments are available for use throughout the developmental years that are designed to detect the wide variety of developmental problems that interfere with a developing person's optimal adaptation to his or her environment. The screening instruments must be inexpensive, reproducible, widely available and cost effective to the child, family and society.

Foster, Carol; Duran-Flores, Deborah; Dumars, Kenneth W.; Stills, Stanley

1985-01-01

202

Commentary: Gender, Disability, and Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary discusses the research article "Gender Differences in Abused Children with and without Disabilities" (Sobsey and others) that follows, which found that children with disabilities are at greater risk for being maltreated, that boys are more frequently abused, and that boys with disabilities are sexually abused more frequently than…

Goldson, Edward J.

1997-01-01

203

Diagnosis in Severe Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between neurological impairment or brain damage and severe reading disability is investigated. Symptoms and causes of neurological impairment are listed, and reading disability theories are discussed. Smith and Carrigan offer a neurochemical explanation of reading disability based on synaptic transmission problems. Orton,…

Schubert, Delwyn G.

204

Decoding, Reading, and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To clarify the role of decoding in reading and reading disability, a model of reading is proposed, which holds that reading equals the product of decoding and comprehension. Three types of reading disability are posited, resulting from an inability to decode (dyslexia), an inability to comprehend (hyperlexia), or both (reading disability).…

Gough, Philip B.; Tunmer, William E.

1986-01-01

205

The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning…

1994

206

Foster Care Children with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year the number of children who enter the foster care system grows because the number of children who are vulnerable to abuse, neglect and\\/or poverty grows. Children with disabilities are a particularly vulnerable subset of this already vulnerable population. What are the implications of conceptual and methodological issues in theories of disability for estimates of children with disabilities in

Jacqueline Marie Smith

2003-01-01

207

Employment and People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter issue offers six articles on employment of people with disabilities. "Employment and People with Disabilities: Challenges for the Nineties" (Frank Bowe) discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act, issues in unemployment and under-education, earnings, and implications for the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative…

Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

1990-01-01

208

The Able Disabled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author dispels employer myths pertaining to employment of the physically handicapped and urges rehabilitation and retraining of present employees and additional employment of qualified handicapped individuals. Surveys in 1958 and 1973 of physically handicapped employees, including disabled veterans, found them to be very loyal, dependable, and…

Sears, James H.

1975-01-01

209

Judaism, Spirituality, and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Judaism teaches that the wisdom to resolve current issues can be found in ancient texts. While there are many references in the written and oral law pertaining to disability, these are not well known and, being taken out of context, are at risk of misinterpretation. This article draws on Halacha, the ancient Jewish law which literally means “the way on

Melinda Jones

2004-01-01

210

Handbook of Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge about developmental disabilities: neuroscientific and genetic foundations; the impact on health, learning, and behavior; and effective educational and clinical practices. Leading authorities analyze what works in intervening with diverse children and families, from infancy…

Odom, Samuel L., Ed.; Horner, Robert H., Ed.; Snell, Martha E., Ed.; Blacher, Jan, Ed.

2007-01-01

211

Medication and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The clinical syndrome which relates most frequently to the reading-disabled child is the attention deficity disorder. The child psychiatrist will generally resort to medication only when behavioral management techniques have failed. The two most frequently used medications are Ritalin and Dexedrine, central nervous system stimulants. (JN)

Humphries, Laurie L.

1981-01-01

212

Disability and Health  

MedlinePLUS

... ageing in their 40s and 50s. Engaging in health risk behaviours Some studies have indicated that people with disabilities have higher rates of risky behaviours such as smoking, poor diet and ... depending on the health condition. However an investigation in the United Kingdom ...

213

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The association between poverty and intellectual disability (ID) has been well documented. However, little is known about persons with ID who face circumstances of extreme poverty, such as homelessness. This paper describes the situation of persons with ID who were or are homeless in Montreal and are currently receiving services from a…

Mercier, C.; Picard, S.

2011-01-01

214

Autonomy, justice, and disability.  

PubMed

In this Article, Professor Carlos A. Ball explores the philosophical foundations for the types of rights and benefits that our society currently provides to individuals with disabilities. The concept of autonomy places on society a moral obligation to assist individuals with disabilities when their basic human functional capabilities are impaired. The exercise of this obligation entails assisting individuals with crossing a minimum threshold of functional capabilities below which it is not possible to lead autonomous lives. In making this argument, Professor Ball responds to libertarian critics who contend that notions of freedom or liberty proscribe an activist role for government in this arena. He explains how even a libertarian state redistributes wealth in order to provide for some incapacities. Professor Ball also disputes the idea that the meeting of the needs of the disabled is enough to provide moral justification for the rights and benefits provided to individuals with disabilities. The problem with the concept of needs, Professor Ball argues, is that it fails to account sufficiently for the human good of personal autonomy. PMID:16273682

Ball, C A

2000-02-01

215

Disability: The College's Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen author-contributed papers are presented to help campus personnel understand the difficulties encountered by disabled college students. Initial sections address issues and strategies involved, while a third section presents six case studies describing successful programs. A final chapter lists annotated resource guides on aspects of higher…

Hourihan, John P., Ed.

216

Americans with Disabilities Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed to school board members, this article attempts to summarize requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its implications for school districts. It warns against hasty purchase of private compliance assistance; then provides an overview of each of the Act's five Titles which address employment practices, activities…

Updating School Board Policies, 1992

1992-01-01

217

Mobile Homes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Reporting on an exploratory study of HUD's participation in the mobile housing field in Region IX, this study was undertaken to determine if HUD has any processing or management problems with the 207 - m (mobile home park) program. It also was designed to...

1974-01-01

218

Mobile Forces  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The application of engineering principles is explored in the creation of mobiles. As students create their own mobiles, they take into consideration the forces of gravity and convection air currents. They learn how an understanding of balancing forces is important in both art and engineering design.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

219

Mobile computing \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design competitions offer students an excellent way to gain hands-on experience in engineering and computer science courses. The University of Florida, in partnership with Motorola, has held two mobile computing design competitions. In Spring and Fall 2001, students in Abdelsalam Helal's Mobile Computing class designed killer apps for a Motorola smart phone.

S. F. Midkiff

2002-01-01

220

Successful aging as a continuum of functional independence: lessons from physical disability models of aging.  

PubMed

Successful aging is a multidimensional construct that could be viewed as a continuum of achievement. Based on the disability model proposed by the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, successful aging includes not only the presence or absence of disease, but also aspects of mobility and social participation. Here we review definitions of successful aging and discuss relevance of the disability model in the evaluation of successful aging and frailty. In particular, we summarize evidences that highlight the importance of measures of mobility (ability to walk and perform activities of daily living), and social participation in identifying and locating older adults across the range of the successful aging continuum. Lastly, we discuss the role of inflammation in age-related decline and in frailty. Future research directions are proposed, including identifying causal pathways among inflammatory markers, disability, and frailty. A better understanding of immunological functioning in late life may help unlock novel ways to promote successful aging. PMID:22500268

Lowry, Kristin A; Vallejo, Abbe N; Studenski, Stephanie A

2012-02-01

221

School problems and solutions for students with disabilities: a qualitative examination.  

PubMed

The inclusion of students with disabilities is a process that requires collaboration among multiple individuals, with teachers, aides, parents, students, and school systems playing important roles in resolving student problems. In the current study, we examined data from 75 teachers concerning 126 students about problems that students with disabilities had following a transition from a school primarily serving students with disabilities to more inclusive schools. Reported problems were reviewed and five major themes emerged: academic, behavioral, mobility/accessibility, social, and transportation issues. Teachers typically resolved academic problems by working directly with the student or collaborating with school staff. Social problems were resolved through student and teacher initiatives. Behavioral, transportation, and mobility/accessibility problems were resolved through collaboration among many key school figures and family members. Implications for theory, research, and inclusive school practices related to academic curricula, resources, services, and architectural accommodations for students with disabilities are discussed. PMID:24447159

Sorani-Villanueva, Sandra; McMahon, Susan D; Crouch, Ronald; Keys, Christopher B

2014-01-01

222

Using a Body-Fixed Sensor to Identify Subclinical Gait Difficulties in Older Adults with IADL Disability: Maximizing the Output of the Timed Up and Go  

PubMed Central

Objective The identification and documentation of subclinical gait impairments in older adults may facilitate the appropriate use of interventions for preventing or delaying mobility disability. We tested whether measures derived from a single body-fixed sensor worn during traditional Timed Up and Go (TUG) testing could identify subclinical gait impairments in community dwelling older adults without mobility disability. Methods We used data from 432 older adults without dementia (mean age 83.30±7.04 yrs, 76.62% female) participating in the Rush Memory and Aging Project. The traditional TUG was conducted while subjects wore a body-fixed sensor. We derived measures of overall TUG performance and different subtasks including transitions (sit-to-stand, stand-to-sit), walking, and turning. Multivariate analysis was used to compare persons with and without mobility disability and to compare individuals with and without Instrumental Activities of Daily Living disability (IADL-disability), all of whom did not have mobility disability. Results As expected, individuals with mobility disability performed worse on all TUG subtasks (p<0.03), compared to those who had no mobility disability. Individuals without mobility disability but with IADL disability had difficulties with turns, had lower yaw amplitude (p<0.004) during turns, were slower (p<0.001), and had less consistent gait (p<0.02). Conclusions A single body-worn sensor can be employed in the community-setting to complement conventional gait testing. It provides a wide range of quantitative gait measures that appear to help to identify subclinical gait impairments in older adults.

Weiss, Aner; Mirelman, Anat; Buchman, Aron S.; Bennett, David A.; Hausdorff, Jeffrey M.

2013-01-01

223

Structured Physical Activity Program Can Help Maintain Mobility in Vulnerable Older People  

MedlinePLUS

... For Immediate Release: Tuesday, May 27, 2014 Structured physical activity program can help maintain mobility in vulnerable older ... as disability prevention strategy A carefully structured, moderate physical activity program can reduce risk of losing the ability ...

224

Reliability of the Dutch Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the reliability of the Dutch version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), an instrument for measuring functional status (capability and performance in self-care, mobility and social function) of young children using parent interviews.Design: Inter-interviewer reliability was studied after scoring audiotaped interviews by a second researcher. For test–retest reliability the same parent was interviewed twice within

Jeltje E Wassenberg-Severijnen; Jan WH Custers; Joop J Hox; Adri Vermeer; Paul JM Helders

2003-01-01

225

Blindness Incidence in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few data on the incidence of blindness in Germany are available. We analysed causes of legal blindness for the region Württemberg-Hohenzollern (population 5.5 million) in order to help fill in this gap. Material and Methods: Population-based investigation on the incidence of legal blindness (visual acuity <1\\/50) based on materials from the social servies. Age-dependent blindness incidences were modelled via logistic

H. G. Krumpaszky; R. Lüdtke; A. Mickler; V. Klauss; H. K. Selbmann

1999-01-01

226

Incidence of Chromosome Disorders  

PubMed Central

A minority of conceptions result in live births. Of recognized conceptions, 15% result in spontaneous abortions, up to 60% of which are due to chromosome abnormalities. The incidence of the different disorders is given. Of live births, one in 200 suffers a chromosome abnormality. The common abnormalities are described with their incidence. The effect of maternal age on this incidence is pronounced, but even so must be kept in proportion for counselling purposes.

Valentine, G. H.

1979-01-01

227

Direct Measurement of Disability  

PubMed Central

Schizophrenia is associated with substantial disability in everyday functioning. Environmental factors, such as disability compensation and opportunities, impact on the ability of people with the illness to perform real-world activities, particularly those that are vocational in nature. Measures of abilities to perform these functions have been developed that measure competence in social, everyday living, and vocational domains. These indices have measurement characteristics consistent with those of neuropsychological tests, indicating that they have the potential to be valid measures of the ability to perform in real-world functional situations. It is our belief that these measures will be widely employed in later research on functioning in schizophrenia, and many of these tests have the potential to be used in clinical settings.

2009-01-01

228

78 FR 29234 - Final Priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RRTC) on Disability Statistics and Demographics under the Disability and Rehabilitation...RRTC) on Disability Statistics and Demographics The Assistant Secretary for Special...an RRTC on Disability Statistics and Demographics. This RRTC must conduct...

2013-05-20

229

Disabled children and their families in Ukraine: health and mental health issues for families caring for their disabled child at home.  

PubMed

In the Eastern European countries included in the communist system of the USSR, parents of disabled children were encouraged to commit their disabled child to institutional care. There were strict legal regulations excluding them from schools. Medical assessments were used for care decisions. Nevertheless many parents decided to care for their disabled child at home within the family. Ukraine became an independent country in 1991, when communism was replaced by liberal democracy within a free market system. Western solutions have been sought for many social problems existing, but 'hidden,' under the old regime. For more of the parents of disabled children, this has meant embracing ideas of caring for their disabled children in the community, and providing for their social, educational, and medical needs, which have previously been denied. The issue of disability is a serious one for Ukraine where the nuclear disaster at Chernobyl in 1986 caused extensive radiation poisoning. This almost certainly led to an increase in the number of disabled children being born and an increase in the incidence of various forms of cancer. This paper is based on a series of observation visits to some of the many self-help groups established by parents, usually mothers, for their disabled children. It draws attention to the emotional stress experienced both by parents and their disabled children in the process of attempting to come to terms with the disabling conditions, and the denial of the normal rights of childhood resulting from prejudice, poor resources, ignorance, and restrictive legislation. Attempts have been made to identify the possible role and tasks of professional social workers within this context. International comparisons show that many parents and their children do not benefit from the medical model of disability, and that serious consequences include the development of depressive illness among those who find that little help is available from public services. PMID:15774386

Bridge, Gillian

2004-01-01

230

Nonverbal learning disability.  

PubMed

Nonverbal learning disability (NLD) is described as a subtype of specific learning disability where the source of the disability is a difficulty in processing nonverbal information. The child with NLD presents with problems in visual, spatial, and tactile perception but with strengths in rote verbal skills. Traditionally, these children were recognized by their difficulties in arithmetic which presented a stark contrast with their strengths in spelling and decoding text. They also exhibited a split between their verbal IQ (VIQ) and performance IQ (PIQ) scores with the VIQ being significantly higher than PIQ. Over time, however, diagnostic criteria have evolved and the broadened definition of the NLD syndrome has led many to question the utility and uniqueness of the NLD diagnosis. In addition, shifting diagnostic standards have made research results difficult to replicate. In short, the research to date leaves many unanswered questions about (1) the definition of the NLD syndrome, (2) the pervasiveness of the academic, social and psychopathological difficulties, (3) the source of the NLD syndrome, and (4) the degree to which it overlaps with other conditions. This chapter outlines a brief history of the NLD syndrome, how it is currently conceptualized, and some of the current debate about the unanswered questions above. PMID:23622171

Volden, Joanne

2013-01-01

231

Analysis for mean effective gain of mobile antennas in land mobile radio environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method is described for analyzing the mean effective gain (MEG) of antennas moving in a mobile communication environment. The MEG characteristics of a mobile antenna are determined by the mutual relation between the antenna patterns and the statistical distribution of incident waves in an environment. To analyze this relation theoretically, a general expression for the MEG using a statistical

T. Taga

1990-01-01

232

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. Images Fig. 4

Levitt, H

1995-01-01

233

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. PMID:7479816

Levitt, H

1995-10-24

234

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

235

Modeling Mobility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In wireless networks, communication can take place based on an infrastructure (e.g. WLAN access point or GPRS base station) or it can take place in adhoc mode, where mobile devices are connected directly to each other and care for the routing by themselves (mobile ad-hoc networks). When such wireless networks are investigated and simulations are performed, it is often necessary to consider the movement of entities within the simulated environment.

Berl, Andras

236

Delinquency Among Adolescents with Disabilities  

PubMed Central

This study expands upon previous research by utilizing nationally representative data and multivariate analyses to examine the relationship between an adolescent’s disability status and their likelihood of engaging in a spectrum of delinquent behaviors through age 16. Logistic regression models of 7,232 adolescents from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 are used to investigate the association between the presence of a learning disability or emotional condition, chronic health condition, sensory condition, physical disability, or multiple conditions and ten delinquent acts, including violence-related delinquency, property crimes, drug offenses, and arrest. Additional analyses explore differences in delinquency prevalence by more specific types of limiting conditions. Results indicate that adolescents with learning disabilities or emotional conditions are particularly at risk of committing delinquent acts. Findings suggest that disability status is important to consider when examining adolescent delinquency; however, not all youth with disabilities have equal experiences.

Hogan, Dennis P.

2013-01-01

237

Reflections on Critical Incidents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the reporting of critical incidents as a tool for self-reflection in a program to train English-as-a-Second-language (ESL) secondary school teachers in Malaysia. Case studies of critical incidents highlight the potential value of encouraging ESL trainee teachers to record, analyze, and reflect on significant personal events in their…

Thiel, Teresa

1999-01-01

238

Improving Educational Outcomes for Studes with Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The educational landscape for students with disabilities is undergoing vast changes. Thanks to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and its push for increased access to education for students with disabilities, and the No Child Left Behi...

2004-01-01

239

CDC Vital Signs: Adults with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Adults with Disabilities Physical activity is for everybody May 2014 3x Adults with ... Problem More adults with disabilities need to get physical activity. Adults with disabilities who get no physical activity ...

240

Communicating with and about People with Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

ODEP - Office of Disability Employment Policy Disability Employment Policy Resources by Topic Choose a Disability Employment Policy Resource by ... at the wheelchair user's eye level. Do not lean on a wheelchair or any other assistive device. ...

241

Comprehension of humor in children with nonverbal learning disabilities, reading disabilities, and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive,\\u000a and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities\\u000a (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a comparison group of children with no\\u000a learning disabilities to assess

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Kimberly Glass

2008-01-01

242

Disabilities Information Flow: A Disabilities Information Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabilities Information Flow (DIF) project at the University of St Andrews has sought to provide a means of efficiently managing all student disabilities information within the institution and provide appropriate role-based service interfaces for all staff who need to routinely interact with this information. This paper describes the software…

Ling, Bin; Allison, Colin; Nicholl, J. Ross; Moodley, Luke; Roberts, Dave

2006-01-01

243

The Americans with disabilities act, mental disability, and employment practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the response of employers to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), with a specific focus on the employment of those with mental disabilities. A telephone survey was completed in a metropolitan area in the southern United States with a random sample of 117 businesses. In terms of specific practices that indicated compliance with the ADA, 15% had

Teresa L. Scheid

1998-01-01

244

75 FR 62676 - Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners AGENCY: Social Security Administration...II and XVI of the Social Security Act (Act...the approval of a State agency medical or...are also experts in Social Security disability...other opinions of State agency medical...

2010-10-13

245

‘Managing’ disability: early experiences of university students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent UK legislation, operational from December 2006, places a duty on all public authorities, including higher education institutions, to actively promote equality of opportunity for people with disabilities. The university studied here has a number of initiatives in place to develop good practice in this area, but how do students themselves experience that provision? Research about people with disabilities has

Jackie Goode

2007-01-01

246

Disabling Spectacles: Representations of Trig Palin and Cognitive Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article examines the confounding contribution that Sarah Palin has made to the public discourse on disability in the United States. While she and her son Trig, who has Down syndrome, brought a great deal of attention to issues surrounding cognitive disability from the instant Palin emerged as the Republican Party's 2008 vice-presidential candidate, it is unclear what utility this

Reed Cooley

2011-01-01

247

Disabling Spectacles: Representations of Trig Palin and Cognitive Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

: The article examines the confounding contribution that Sarah Palin has made to the public discourse on disability in the United States. While she and her son Trig, who has Down syndrome, brought a great deal of attention to issues surrounding cognitive disability from the instant Palin emerged as the Republican Party's 2008 vice-presidential candidate, it is unclear what utility

Reed Cooley

2011-01-01

248

The World Report on Disability and People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "World Report on Disability" was requested by the World Health Assembly, the governing body of the World Health Organization (WHO). Because disability is broader than health, WHO partnered with the World Bank. The "World Report" was published in 2011 and provides a comprehensive scientific analysis on the global situation…

Officer, Alana; Shakespeare, Tom

2013-01-01

249

HIV/AIDS, Disability, and Employment. Disability Statistics Report 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on HIV/AIDS, disability, and employment analyzes data from the AIDS Cost and Services Utilization Survey of 1991-1992, a longitudinal study of 1,949 HIV-infected men and women. The report examines the diagnostic history of people living with HIV and its relation to function, disability, and labor force participation over time. Study…

Sebesta, Douglas S.; LaPlante, Mitchell P.

250

COMPARISONS BETWEEN OLDER MEN AND WOMEN IN THE TRAJECTORY AND BURDEN OF DISABILITY OVER THE COURSE OF NEARLY 14 YEARS  

PubMed Central

Objectives Across the lifespan, women live longer than men but experience higher rates of disability. To more completely evaluate these gender differences, the current study set out to compare the trajectories and burden of disability over an extended period of time between older men and women. Design Prospective, longitudinal study with 13.5 years of follow-up. Setting Greater New Haven, Connecticut. Participants 754 persons, aged 70 years or older, who were initially community-living and nondisabled in their basic activities of daily living. Measurements Disability in 13 basic, instrumental and mobility activities was assessed during monthly interviews, while demographic and clinical covariates were measured during comprehensive assessments every 18 months. Results Five distinct trajectories were identified over successive 18-month intervals: independent, mild disability, mild to moderate disability, moderate disability, and severe disability. Women were more likely than men to experience the moderate and severe disability trajectories, but were less likely to transition from the independent trajectory to a worse disability trajectory during the subsequent 18-month interval. Women were also less likely to die after each of the five trajectories, and these differences were at least marginally significant for all but the independent trajectory. Over the entire duration of follow-up, women suffered from a greater burden of disability than men, but these differences were greatly attenuated after adjustment for the baseline levels of disability. Conclusions Gender differences in disability over an extended period of time can be explained, at least in part, by the higher mortality experienced by older men and the higher initial levels of disability among older women. These results suggest the need to take a life-course approach to better understand gender differences in disability.

Gill, Thomas M.; Gahbauer, Evelyne A.; Lin, Haiqun; Han, Ling; Allore, Heather G.

2012-01-01

251

Disability: Equality/Inequality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks at disabilities and inequalities in the United States. This activity uses five customized data sets made from the 1990 U.S. Census. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Hall, Robert T.

252

[Nocturia, incidence, ethiology, diagnostics].  

PubMed

Nocturia is the complaint that the individual has to wake at night one or more times to void, according to the International Continence Society definition from the ICS Standardisation of Terminology Report 2002. As the nocturia definition is complicated there are also other slightly modified definitions. It is currently not absolutely clear if prevalence or incidence is more important for epidemiology evaluation of nocturia. Nocturia is a variable symptom and its presence in individuals is reversible therefore it is very difficult to obtain reliable incidence data. Nocturia prevalence varies remarkably in different studies according to evaluation methodology, nocturia definition, methods of data collection and characteristics of evaluated population. There are not enough studies, especially demographic ones, evaluating lower urinary tract symptoms and/or nocturia in males and females. There is relatively large number of comparative studies confirming strong correlation between aging and prevalence of nocturia. Prevalence of two or more voids per night in individuals in their twenties varies between 5-15 %, it progresses with age, and in the seventh decade of life ranges between 35-50 %. Prevalence evaluated by gender is higher among younger women compared to older women and older men compared to younger men. Currently there are only limited sources of data regarding nocturia incidence. Incidence of nocturia (two or more voids per night) in a population older than 60 years is 213 new cases/1000 persons/1 year in two year observation. Incidence of two or more voids per night is 75 new cases/1000 male/1 year in five year observation and 126 new cases/1000 male/1 year in ten year observation in male population. Incidence of nocturia rises significantly with age. Incidence of two or more voids per night increases by 2,7 % in the population of women after child birth during 5 year follow up and by 5,9 % during 12 year follow up. Incidence of nocturia newly diagnosed in a pregnancy drops down by 98% in 3 month after the child birth. The incidence data indicate that incidence of nocturia rises with age and probability of nocturia relief decreases with age. Incidence of mild nocturia is higher compared to incidence of severe nocturia and significant relief of nocturia in women after child birth is very inconsistent compared to increase of other lower urinary tract symptoms. Ethiology of nocturia might be polyuria, nocturnal polyuria or reduced bladder capacity. Nocturia and its ethiology can be determined in most cases with simple and commonly used investigative methods on the out-patients bases. The diagnostic algorithm should lead to verification of nocturia and identifying its cause because treatment of nocturia differs remarkably according to the etiology. PMID:24372436

Zachoval, R; Krhut, J; Sottner, O; Hanuš, T; Martan, A; Hor?i?ka, L; Feyereisl, J; Halaška, M; Svabík, K; Krofta, L

2013-12-01

253

Prevalence and features of ICF-disability in Spain as captured by the 2008 National Disability Survey  

PubMed Central

Background Since 1986, the study of disability in Spain has been mainly addressed by National Disability Surveys (NDSs). While international attempts to frame NDS designs within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) have progressed, in general, the ICF has hardly been used in either the NDS or epidemiological studies. This study sought to identify ICF Activity- and Participation-related content in the most recent Spanish NDS, the 2008 Survey on Disabilities, Independence and Dependency Situations (Encuesta sobre discapacidades, autonomía personal y situaciones de Dependencia - EDAD 2008), and estimate the prevalence of such ICF-framed disability. Methods EDAD 2008 methods and questions were perused. Of the 51 EDAD items analysed, 29 were backcoded to specific d2-d7 domains of the ICF Checklist and, by rating the recorded difficulty to perform specific tasks with or without help, these were then taken as performance and capacity respectively. A global ICF score was also derived, albeit lacking data for d1, "Learning and applying knowledge", d8, "Major Life Areas" and d9, "Community, Social and Civic Life". Data were grouped by sex, age, residence and initial positive screening, and prevalence figures were calculated by disability level both for the general population, using the originally designed weights, and for the population that had screened positive to disability. Data for institutionalised persons were processed separately. Results Crude prevalence of ICF severe/complete and moderate disability among the community-dwelling population aged ?6 years was 0.9%-2.2% respectively, and that of severe/complete disability among persons living in sheltered accommodation was 0.3%. Prevalence of severe/complete disability was: higher in women than in men, 0.8% vs. 0.4%; increased with age; and was particularly high in domains such as "Domestic Life", 3.4%, "Mobility", 1.8%, and "Self-care", 1.9%, in which prevalence decreased when measured by reference to performance. Moreover, global scores indicated that severe/complete disability in these same domains was frequent among the moderately disabled group. Conclusions The EDAD 2008 affords an insufficient data set to be ICF-framed when it comes to the Activity and Participation domains. Notwithstanding their unknown validity, ratings for available ICF domains may, however, be suitable for consideration under the ADL model of functional dependency, suggesting that there are approximately 500,000 persons suffering from severe/complete disability and 1,000,000 suffering from moderate disability, with half the latter being severely disabled in domains capable of benefiting from technical or personal aid. Application of EDAD data to the planning of services for regions and other subpopulations means that need for personal help must be assessed, unmet needs ascertained, and knowledge of social participation and support, particularly for the mentally ill, improved. International, WHO-supported co-operation in ICF planning and use of NDSs in Spain and other countries is needed.

2011-01-01

254

Social Mobility and Equality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social mobility is generally studied in three different ways: stratum mobility, intergenerational social mobility, and intragenerational or career mobility. This paper deals with the first two types of mobility and more with intergenerational mobility than with stratum mobility. The working hypothesis of both discussions is that, in general, a…

Miller, S. M.

255

Sexual and Nonsexual Offenders With Intellectual and Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Characteristics, Referral Patterns, and Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an evaluation of a community intellectual disability offender service over the period from 1990 to 2001. Men who committed sex offenses or sexually abusive incidents (n = 106) and men who committed other types of offenses and serious incidents (n = 78) are compared on personal characteristics, referral sources, forensic…

Lindsay, William R.; Smith, Anne H. W.; Law, Jacqueline; Quinn, Kathleen; Anderson, Andrew; Smith, Astrid; Allan, Ronald

2004-01-01

256

The Source for Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help clinicians and teachers work more effectively with people with learning disabilities and their families. Chapter 1 provides an overview of learning disabilities. It presents commonly accepted medical and educational definitions, prevalence figures, and possible etiological explanations for various disorders. Chapter 2…

Currie, Paula S.; Wadlington, Elizabeth M.

257

Effective interventions for reading disability.  

PubMed

A simple, readily accessible, and inexpensive intervention which produces immediate improvements in the reading comprehension abilities of reading-disabled children has been found. The intervention consists of colored overlays, or overlays which reduce the contrast of printed materials. This intervention produces reading comprehension gains in approximately 80 percent of the reading-disabled children tested. PMID:1378860

Williams, M C; Lecluyse, K; Rock-Faucheux, A

1992-06-01

258

Neurological Aspects of Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a neurologist, looks at the nature of reading disabilities. He suggests that many reading disabilities are the result of normal constitutional differences and that the term "minimal brain dysfunction" is rarely appropriate and does not help the remediation process. Noted are various theories which relate neurology and reading ability.…

Nelson, Louis R.

259

Valuable Employees: People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how disabled people have proven to be valuable employees, as well as how employers can accommodate their special needs. Announces availability of specific examples of how disabled people are being integrated into the work force at better than entry-level positions that provide good benefits. (Author/CH)

Tindall, Lloyd

1988-01-01

260

Supervising Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for employers, supervisors, and coworkers, the booklet presents guidelines for accommodating learning disabled (LD) employees. An introductory section explains the condition, describing its nature and the range of impairments it includes. Five types of learning disabilities are identified: visual, auditory, motor, tactile, and academic.…

Brown, Dale

261

Disability and the Education System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education is important for all children, but even more so for children with disabilities, whose social and economic opportunities may be limited. In this article, Laudan Aron and Pamela Loprest assess how well the nation's education system is serving students with disabilities. Aron and Loprest trace the evolution of the special education system in the United States from its origins

Laudan Aron; Pamela Loprest

2012-01-01

262

Reading Disability and the Brain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A weakness in accessing the sounds of spoken language represents the most robust and specific correlate of reading disability in young school age children and adolescents. Neurological science and reading research that provides the scientific knowledge regarding this disability is presented.

Shaywitz, Sally E.; Shaywitz, Bennett A.

2004-01-01

263

A Feminist Theology of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disability and long term incurable illness still attract a variety of demonisation and prejudice. This includes many of the same kinds of hostility that have faced women. Disabled people are blamed for their condition, regarded as bestial, grotesque and unclean. They are excluded from ritual spaces by Levitical law, modern prejudice and practical indifference. Feminist Theology has sometimes contributed to

Doreen Freeman

2002-01-01

264

The Learning Disabled Adult Offender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the prevalence of learning disabilities among 189 male inmates in a county jail setting. If inmates scored below the sixth-grade level, they were further tested. From this procedure, it was concluded that there is a much higher rate of learning disabilities among the adult offender population than among the general…

Tevis, Marlan P.; Orem, Richard A.

1985-01-01

265

A Model Disability Awareness Day.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an all-day conciousness raising program designed to teach elementary school students about the disabled. The program described consisted of oral presentations and a theater performance by disabled individuals; it was presented to 270 students at Mary A. Hubbard School in Ramsey, New Jersey. (GC)

Watson, Emily Strauss

1984-01-01

266

Learning Disabilities: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are six papers originally delivered at a colloquium series on the problems of the learning disabled child, with emphasis on a multidisciplinary perspective. In "One Psychologist's Perspective on Learning Disabilities," J. Kessler provides an overview of the field with sections on definition and identification, etiology, testing as a…

Zollinger, Ruth H., Ed.; Klein, Nancy K., Ed.

267

Library Service to the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recognition of 1981 as the Year of Disabled Persons, 10 out of the 13 essays in this issue deal specifically with library service to the disabled; the remaining three discuss the Public Library Association (PLA) Planning Process, the New York State Research Library Resources Access Project, and New York State public library construction needs.…

Bookmark, 1981

1981-01-01

268

Collecting Disability Data from Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and national trial of a methodology for collecting disability data directly from parents, enabling schools and local authorities to meet their obligations under the "Disability Discrimination Act" (DDA; 2005) to promote equality of opportunity for all children. It illustrates the complexities around…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

269

20 CFR 404.1505 - Basic definition of disability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1505 Basic definition of disability. (a) The law defines disability...

2013-04-01

270

Incident Business Advisor Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the past several years some agency administrators have requested a Comptroller to assist in the coordination of Incident Business Management Practices. The use of a Comptroller has been both successful and unsuccessful. Lack of success occurred mos...

1999-01-01

271

Mobile Learning and Mobility in Teacher Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the mobile learning project, where a mobile device is used for educational activities. The article defines the word mobility from the educational point of view. The main perspective in this article is in teacher training. We present experiences of how mobile technology was used in teacher training, how trainees and supervising teachers felt the use of mobile

Pauliina Seppälä; Harri Alamäki

2002-01-01

272

Incidence of syndesmotic injury.  

PubMed

Injury to the tibiofibular syndesmosis can occur with ankle sprain or fracture. The incidence of syndesmotic injury has not been specifically studied at a population level. Data on syndesmotic injury were obtained from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), a federal-state-private partnership. It is administered by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, a division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. Two HCUP databases were queried for 8 states: the State Inpatient Database and the State Emergency Department Database. The first 6 International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition (ICD-9) code diagnoses were searched for codes that are used for syndesmotic injury (ie, 845.03). These data, along with data from the 2010 US census, were used to yield incidence rates for syndesmosis injury, as well as for various demographic groups. National estimates of injury totals were also calculated. In the 8 states, there were a total of 1821 syndesmotic injuries. Given the population of these states, the incidence rate of syndesmotic injury was 2.09 syndesmotic injuries per 100,000 person-years. This incidence correlates to an estimated 6445 syndesmotic injuries per year in the United States. These data provide some baseline numbers as to the incidence of syndesmotic injury in the United States. Although the incidence was low relative to some other injuries, the fact that syndesmotic injuries tend to occur in younger patients may have a greater effect in terms of productive years of life lost. PMID:24762148

Vosseller, J Turner; Karl, John W; Greisberg, Justin K

2014-03-01

273

Incidence of epilepsy  

PubMed Central

Objective: To estimate the pooled incidence of epilepsy from published studies and investigate sources of heterogeneity in the estimates. Methods: We searched online databases for incidence studies and used meta-analytic methods to analyze the data. Results: Thirty-three articles met the entry criteria. The median incidence of epilepsy was 50.4/100,000/year (interquartile range [IQR] 33.6–75.6), while it was 45.0 (IQR 30.3–66.7) for high-income countries and 81.7 (IQR 28.0–239.5) for low- and middle-income countries. Population-based studies had higher incidence estimates than hospital-based studies (p = 0.02) while retrospective study design was associated with lower estimates than prospective studies (p = 0.04). Conclusion: We provide data that could potentially be used to assess the burden and analyze the trends in incidence of epilepsy. Our results support the need for large population-based incidence studies of epilepsy. Neurology® 2011;77:1005–1012

Kariuki, S.M.; Bottomley, C.; Kleinschmidt, I.; Sander, J.W.; Newton, C.R.

2011-01-01

274

Main Idea Identification with Students with Mild Intellectual Disabilities and Specific Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Explicit and Basal Instructional Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with high-incidence disabilities struggle with reading comprehension due to difficulties in background knowledge and metacognitive skills, including use of self-monitoring and other strategies. In the United States, these students typically receive the majority of their instruction in general education settings. However, there is little…

Miller, C. Alan; Darch, Craig B.; Flores, Margaret M.; Shippen, Margaret E.; Hinton, Vanessa

2011-01-01

275

Oblique Incidence Performance of a Novel Frequency Selective Surface Absorber  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oblique incidence performance of a novel two-layer absorb\\/transmit frequency selective surface (FSS) is investigated. The FSS has good frequency stability for both horizontally and vertically polarized waves incident normally or at oblique angles. Due to its transmission for 900\\/1800\\/1900 MHz mobile bands and good absorption for 5 GHz waves, it has the potential as a security wall or isolator for

Ghaffer I. Kiani; Kenneth L. Ford; Karu P. Esselle; Andrew R. Weily; Chinthana J. Panagamuwa

2007-01-01

276

Defining disability: metaphysical not political.  

PubMed

Recent discussions surrounding the conceptualising of disability has resulted in a stalemate between British sociologists and philosophers. The stagnation of theorizing that has occurred threatens not only academic pursuits and the advancement of theoretical interpretations within the Disability Studies community, but also how we educate and advocate politically, legally, and socially. More pointedly, many activists and theorists in the UK appear to believe the British social model is the only effective means of understanding and advocating on behalf of people with disabilities. This model, largely reliant upon materialist research traditions, contends that disability is a form of social oppression and hence, is a phenomenon that should be conceptualised in social terms. Individual properties such as impairments are disregarded as they are viewed to be unimportant in the analysis of the social causes of disability. Concurrently, many bioethicists and philosophers have embraced what Tom Shakespeare has classified as an 'Interactional Approach' to disability--that "the experience of a disabled person results from the relationship between factors intrinsic to the individual, and the extrinsic factors arising from the wider context in which she finds herself". I intend to demonstrate that the benefits of the British social model are now outweighed by its burdens. I suggest, as Jerome Bickenbach has, that while it may be somewhat churlish to critique the social model in light of its political success, taken literally, it implies that people with disabilities require no additional health resources by virtue of their impairments. Despite the eloquent arguments that have preceded me by interactional theorists, none have been accepted as evidence of fallacious reasoning by British social model theorists. This article is an attempt to clarify why it is that the types of arguments British social model theorists have been offering are misguided. I suggest that the British social model, unlike an interactional approach, is unable to provide a realistic account of the experience of disability, and subsequently, unable to be properly utilized to ensure justice for people with disabilities. PMID:22481609

Riddle, Christopher A

2013-08-01

277

Balance training to maintain mobility and prevent disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractBalance is important for the safe performance of many activities that allow older people to remain independent in their community. Housework, cooking, shopping, and travel generally require the ability to stand, reach, turn, and bend down and pick up objects from the floor. Multiple interacting factors are implicated in the deterioration of balance. Several strategies have been tested to improve

James Oat Judge

2003-01-01

278

Mars Mobiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity introduces students to the basic features of the Mars landscape. Students locate the planets of the solar system on a diagram; look at pictures of Mars and describe the Martian landscape; describe landscape features of Earth, and compare those to what is found on Mars; and make mobiles showing features of the Martian landscape.

279

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners make a mobile model of a carbon atom using clay, wire, and pipe cleaners. Learners will use the periodic table as a guide and explore how atoms are made up of a nucleus of protons and neutrons with orbiting electrons. The activity includes a PDF file of a periodic table and a guide for reading it.

History, American M.

2012-06-26

280

Mobile IP  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet is growing exponentially, both in the amount of traffic carried, and in the amount of hosts connected. IP technology is becoming more and more important, in company networks (Intranets), and also in the core networks for the next generation mobile networks. Further, wireless access to IP networks is becoming mature (e.g., IEEE 802.11 networks, Irda, Bluetooth). At the

Geert Heijenk; S. Sallent; A. Pras

1999-01-01

281

Integrated communication/environmental controller system for the physically disabled.  

PubMed

A wireless integrated communication/environmental controller system (ICECS) is described, which offers total communication as well as environmental control for the disabled person. The system is flexible and simple enough to be used from the wheelchair by patients with spinal cord injuries. The system has three parts: the mobile unit, the base unit, and a set of remote-control receiver modules. The mobile unit and the base unit are linked together by radio, while the base unit and the remote receiver modules communicate over a power line carrier. The telephone mode allows telephone calls to be placed and received. Different electrical devices are controlled by the environmental control mode. The intercom mode permits two-way communication with an attendant or the nursing station. The modes can be switched simply by pressing a button on the mobile unit. Sixteen soft-touch switches arranged in a 4 X 4 matrix allow operation by hand or mouthstick. PMID:2950838

Fatehi, M T; Balmaseda, M T; Koozekanani, S H

1987-03-01

282

Summit on the National Effort To Prevent Mental Retardation and Related Disabilities. Summit Proceedings (Washington, D.C., February 6-7, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the proceedings of a summit to assess the adequacy of the U.S. effort to prevent mental retardation and related disabilities and to chart the course for future strategies to reduce the incidence and ameliorate the effects of these disabilities, particularly when caused by socioeconomic conditions. The document contains…

President's Committee on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.

283

Disability, Diversity, and Dissemination: A Review of the Literature on Topics related to Increasing the Utilization of Rehabilitation Research Outcomes among Diverse Consumer Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review discusses the need for rehabilitation organizations to become culturally competent and for rehabilitation research to reach and be utilized by minority populations. Sections address the incidence of disability in minority populations, the socially constructed nature of race, culture, and disability, cultural power and the…

Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.

284

Disability Mediates the Impact of Common Conditions on Perceived Health  

PubMed Central

Background We examined the extent to which disability mediates the observed associations of common mental and physical conditions with perceived health. Methods and Findings WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys carried out in 22 countries worldwide (n?=?51,344 respondents, 72.0% response rate). We assessed nine common mental conditions with the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and ten chronic physical with a checklist. A visual analog scale (VAS) score (0, worst to 100, best) measured perceived health in the previous 30 days. Disability was assessed using a modified WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS), including: cognition, mobility, self-care, getting along, role functioning (life activities), family burden, stigma, and discrimination. Path analysis was used to estimate total effects of conditions on perceived health VAS and their separate direct and indirect (through the WHODAS dimensions) effects. Twelve-month prevalence was 14.4% for any mental and 51.4% for any physical condition. 31.7% of respondents reported difficulties in role functioning, 11.4% in mobility, 8.3% in stigma, 8.1% in family burden and 6.9% in cognition. Other difficulties were much less common. Mean VAS score was 81.0 (SD?=?0.1). Decrements in VAS scores were highest for neurological conditions (9.8), depression (8.2) and bipolar disorder (8.1). Across conditions, 36.8% (IQR: 31.2–51.5%) of the total decrement in perceived health associated with the condition were mediated by WHODAS disabilities (significant for 17 of 19 conditions). Role functioning was the dominant mediator for both mental and physical conditions. Stigma and family burden were also important mediators for mental conditions, and mobility for physical conditions. Conclusions More than a third of the decrement in perceived health associated with common conditions is mediated by disability. Although the decrement is similar for physical and mental conditions, the pattern of mediation is different. Research is needed on the benefits for perceived health of targeted interventions aimed at particular disability dimensions.

Alonso, Jordi; Vilagut, Gemma; Adroher, Nuria D.; Chatterji, Somnath; He, Yanling; Andrade, Laura Helena; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Fayyad, John; Florescu, Silvia; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hinkov, Hristo; Hu, Chiyi; Iwata, Noboru; Lee, Sing; Levinson, Daphna; Lepine, Jean Pierre; Matschinger, Herbert; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; O'Neill, Siobhan; Hormel, J.; Posada-Villa, Jose A.; Ismet Taib, Nezar; Xavier, Miguel; Kessler, Ronald C.

2013-01-01

285

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities. Disability Policy Research Brief. Number 09-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to adulthood can be difficult for youth, particularly those who have disabilities severe enough that they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), or other disability program benefits. Besides the issues facing all transition-age youth, young people with disabilities face a host of…

O'Day, Bonnie; Stapleton, David

2009-01-01

286

Mobile payment in mobile e-commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main problem of Chinese mobile e-commerce at present is its insufficient modes of payment. Therefore, the research on brand-new and high-efficiency form of mobile payment is very important for the development of Chinese mobile e-commerce. There are two forms of mobile payment in China at present, namely mobile fee account payment and bank card mobile payment. The paper brings

Qinghua Zhang

2008-01-01

287

Rehabilitation time before disability pension  

PubMed Central

Background The decision to grant a disability pension is usually the end of a long process of medical examinations, treatment and rehabilitation attempts. This study investigates to what extent the time spent on rehabilitation time prior to disability pension is associated with characteristics of the individual or the local employment and welfare office, measured as municipality variance. Methods A study of 2,533 40 to 42 year olds who received disability pension over a period of 18 years. The logarithm of the rehabilitation time before granting a disability pension was analysed with multilevel regression. Results The rehabilitation time before a disability pension was granted ranged from 30 to 5,508 days. Baseline health characteristics were only moderately associated with rehabilitation time. Younger people and people with unemployment periods had longer rehabilitation time before a disability pension was granted. There were only minor differences in rehabilitation time between men and women and between different levels of education. Approximately 2% of the total variance in rehabilitation time could be attributed to the municipality of residence. Conclusions There is a higher threshold for granting a disability pension to younger persons and those who are expecting periods of unemployment, which is reflected in the extended rehabilitation requirements for these groups. The longer rehabilitation period for persons with psychiatric disorders might reflect a lack of common knowledge on the working capacity of and the fitted rehabilitation programs for people with psychiatric disorders.

2012-01-01

288

Mobile Customer Relationship Management and Mobile Security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is twofold. First, in order to guarantee a coherent discussion about mobile customer relationship management (mCRM), this paper presents a conceptualization of mCRM delineating its unique characteristics because of Among the variety of mobile services, considerable attention has been devoted to mobile marketing and in particular to mobile customer relationship management services. Second, the authors discusses the security risks in mobile computing in different level(user, mobile device, wireless network,...) and finally we focus on enterprise mobile security and it's subgroups with a series of suggestion and solution for improve mobile computing security.

Sanayei, Ali; Mirzaei, Abas

289

Mobility Types for Mobile Ambients  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ambient is a named cluster of processes and subambients, whichmoves as a group. The untyped ambient calculus is a process calculusin which ambients model a variety of concepts such as network nodes,packets, channels, and software agents. In these models, some ambientsare intended to be mobile, some immobile; and some are intendedto be ephemeral, some persistent. We describe type systems

Luca Cardelli; Andrew D. Gordon; Giorgio Ghelli

1999-01-01

290

Therapeutic Riding for a Student with Multiple Disabilities and Visual Impairment: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 9-year-old with multiple disabilities and visual impairments was the focus of a 10-week developmental therapeutic riding program incorporating hippotherapy. The program has led to increased mobility, an increase in visual attention span and fixation time, signs of greater verbal communication, and the acquisition of new functional signs.…

Lehrman, Jennifer; Ross, David B.

2001-01-01

291

Development of a general purpose robot arm for use by disabled and elderly at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robots to assist disabled persons is a challenging area that include most aspects as demanding tasks, partly un- structured environment and to some extent autonomous behavior. The on-going MATS project focuses on a robot system that meet requirements on performing do- mestic tasks within environments as kitchen, bathroom and living room. The system has mobility within a home environment by

Gunnar Bolmsjö; Magnus Olsson; Ulf Lorentzon

292

Ongoing Research on Adaptive Smart Assistive Systems for Disabled People in Autonomous Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Spanish society demands like universal good to dispose suitable and accessible healthcare services for disabled users. In order to take care of these necessities, this article presents ongoing research on suitable technology and technological tools for the case of people with mobility difficulties needing medical monitoring. Research is focused on the development of novel control structures to be used

Cecilio Angulo; Javier Minguez; Marta Díaz; Joan Cabestany

293

Effectiveness of Cognitive Skills-Based Computer-Assisted Instruction for Students with Disabilities: A Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) for students with disabilities can be categorized into the following categories: visual, auditory, mobile, and cognitive skills-based CAI. Cognitive-skills based CAI differs from other types of CAI largely in terms of an emphasis on instructional design features. We conducted both systematic review of…

Weng, Pei-Lin; Maeda, Yukiko; Bouck, Emily C.

2014-01-01

294

Fluid blade disablement tool  

DOEpatents

A fluid blade disablement (FBD) tool that forms both a focused fluid projectile that resembles a blade, which can provide precision penetration of a barrier wall, and a broad fluid projectile that functions substantially like a hammer, which can produce general disruption of structures behind the barrier wall. Embodiments of the FBD tool comprise a container capable of holding fluid, an explosive assembly which is positioned within the container and which comprises an explosive holder and explosive, and a means for detonating. The container has a concavity on the side adjacent to the exposed surface of the explosive. The position of the concavity relative to the explosive and its construction of materials with thicknesses that facilitate inversion and/or rupture of the concavity wall enable the formation of a sharp and coherent blade of fluid advancing ahead of the detonation gases.

Jakaboski, Juan-Carlos (Albuquerque, NM); Hughs, Chance G. (Albuquerque, NM); Todd, Steven N. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2012-01-10

295

[Disability and epilepsy].  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to familiarize radiologists with the different aspects of severe drug resistant epilepsy. These result in three levels of disability: the disease itself (seizures and their impact, underlying cause), social impact (restrictions, safety and precautions, education, activities of daily life) and issues related to the medical treatment (long term medication intake, side effects, complications). First, clinical and EEG diagnosis will be reviewed to move on to MRI with attention to technical and protocol considerations followed by the imaging features of specific entities causing severe drug resistant epilepsy: migration and gyration disorders, Rasmussen's encephalitis, Sturge Weber disease and post-ischemic sequelae. Finally, current data and the imaging features of hemispherotomy, a radical treatment for epilepsy, will be presented. PMID:21242937

Bordonne, C; Delalande, O; Heran, F

2010-12-01

296

Working Together: Computers and People with Mobility Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper describes several computing tools that have been effectively used by individuals with mobility impairments. Emphasis is on tasks to be completed and how the individuals abilities (not disabilities), with possible assistance from technology, can be used to accomplish them. Preliminary information addresses the importance of…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

297

Mothers' Perceptions of Their Children's Use of Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical therapists and occupational therapists frequently assist parents with the exploration and use of powered wheelchairs for their children with physical disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore parents' experiences and perceptions of their children's experiences with the receipt and use of powered mobility. Qualitative methods…

Wiart, Lesley; Darrah, Johanna; Hollis, Vivien; Cook, Al; May, Laura

2004-01-01

298

Teaching Mobility to a Bilaterally Hand-Amputated Blind Person.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the methods used to teach mobility skills to a young man severely disabled (blind and bilaterally hand amputated) by an explosion. Stressed are the assistive devices developed and the therapist's and student's feelings during the training course. (DB)

Poss, D.

1991-01-01

299

Intellectual disability and parenthood.  

PubMed

Parenthood in persons with intellectual disability (ID) is an issue of concern for the family, guardians, and professionals as there are many sentiments and problems involved: financial, technical, medical, legal, and above all moral. People with intellectual, developmental, or other disabilities have feelings, want relationships, and are able to have children also. The attitude of society has changed through time from the early eugenic concern with heredity and fertility, to a focus on the risk to the children due to parental neglect or abuse, to acceptance and a search for solutions to parental training and support. This change can be seen as a result of a shift from institutional care to community care and normalization. This paper reviews available research, prevalence, service issues, experience from around the world, and relates to the situation in Israel. Jewish Law has been very progressive regarding the possibility of marriage between persons with ID (in contrast to American Law where historically this right has been denied, until recently). Recent research has shown that, in the case of such a union resulting in children, although they require some supervision, family, friends, and social welfare agencies have scrutinized these families so much they are in constant fear of their child being taken away. There is little information on the number of such cases and an overall dearth of information on the effects on the children, although one recent study from the U.K. has shown a varied picture of resilience and a close, warm relationship later on with the family and especially the mother. PMID:15674450

Kandel, Isack; Morad, Mohammed; Vardi, Gideon; Merrick, Joav

2005-01-21

300

Meta-Analysis of Disability Simulation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A commonly attempted approach to modifying attitudes regarding people with disabilities is to place people without disabilities in situations that are designed for them to experience what it is like to have a disability. This approach, called disability simulation, continues despite criticisms including a reported lack of effectiveness data and the potential for nega- tive experiences among participants. The current

ASHLEY FLOWER; MATTHEW K. BURNS; N. A. Bottsford-Miller

2007-01-01

301

Voices of Disability on the Radio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While much commentary exists in relation to the portrayal of disabled people in the media, very little research examines the talk itself in any detail. This paper examines the how people with communication disabilities and disabled people are dealt with in the talk of a radio programme about disability. Aims: To show how the voices of…

O'Malley, Mary Pat

2008-01-01

302

ON BECOMING DISABLED AND ARTICULATING ALTERNATIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of this article is the ordering of disability. The question is how people become, and are made, disabled. This is linked with a further question about how to investigate and represent differences such as those between ability and disability. How can studies that aim to contribute to opening up and remaking the conditions of possibility for disability avoid

Ingunn Moser

2005-01-01

303

Children's Perceptions of Peers with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's books with characters that have disabilities have been touted as an avenue to introduce children to their peers with disabilities. Children's literature specialists have suggested that the use of these books may result in a more positive attitude on the part of children without disabilities toward their peers with disabilities. Working…

Smith-D'Arezzo, Wendy M.; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl

2010-01-01

304

Perceptions of severely and multiply disabled persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from studies of rankings of acceptability and severity of various disabilities were converted to a common metric of percentile equivalent ranks. A total of 1331 data points from 53 studies yielded the following overall percentile equivalent ranks for 24 disabilities: diabetes (most acceptable), ulcer, arthritis, asthma, heart condition, speech problems, crippled, orthopedic disability, physical disability, amputation, emotional disturbance, appearance

Harold E. Yuker

1988-01-01

305

Moving Disabled People into the Workforce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on helping disabled individuals to find and keep jobs. An overview discusses the corporate response to employment of the disabled, partnerships between industry and rehabilitation, serving disabled persons under the Job Training Partnership Act, and educating students with disabilities. Eleven "Bulletins" offer descriptions of…

Markowicz, Arlene, Ed.; And Others

1985-01-01

306

2008 Disability Status Report: The United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2010-01-01

307

2009 Disability Status Report: United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2011-01-01

308

Center Director Bridges visits Disability Awareness and Action working Group Technology Fair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Center Director Roy Bridges stops to talk to one of the vendors at the Disability Awareness and Action Working Group (DAAWG) Technology Fair being held Oct. 20-21 at Kennedy Space Center. With him at the far left is Sterling Walker, director of Engineering Development at KSC and chairman of DAAWG, and Nancie Strott, a multi-media specialist with Dynacs and chairperson of the Fair; at the right is Carol Cavanaugh, with KSC Public Services. The Fair is highlighting vendors demonstrating mobility, hearing, vision and silent disability assistive technology. The purpose is to create an awareness of the types of technology currently available to assist people with various disabilities in the workplace. The theme is that of this year's National Disability Employment Awareness Month, 'Opening Doors to Ability.' Some of the vendors participating are Canine Companions for Independence, Goodwill Industries, Accessible Structures, Division of Blind Services, Space Coast Center for Independent Living, KSC Fitness Center and Delaware North Parks Services.

1999-01-01

309

Center Director Bridges visits Disability Awareness and Action working Group Technology Fair  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Center Director Roy Bridges (standing, center) poses with members of the Disability Awareness and Action Working Group (DAAWG), which is holding the 1999 Technology Fair Oct. 20-21 at Kennedy Space Center. The Fair is highlighting vendors demonstrating mobility, hearing, vision and silent disability assistive technology. The purpose is to create an awareness of the types of technology currently available to assist people with various disabilities in the workplace. The theme is that of this year's National Disability Employment Awareness Month, 'Opening Doors to Ability.' Some of the vendors participating are Canine Companions for Independence, Goodwill Industries, Accessible Structures, Division of Blind Services, Space Coast Center for Independent Living, KSC Fitness Center and Delaware North Parks Services.

1999-01-01

310

Disability Management Approach to Job Accommodation for Mental Health Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A body of research exists that outlines the personal, social, and economic costs of mental health disability (e.g., Dewa and\\u000a McDaid 2010, this book; Dewa et al. 2007; WHO 2005). More recently, employers are becoming aware of the financial and human\\u000a costs of mental health disability in their work sites.

Henry G. Harder; Jodi Hawley; Alison Stewart

311

Understanding Mobile Apps  

MedlinePLUS

... Mobile App User Reviews Kids and Mobile Apps Mobile App Basics What’s a mobile app? A mobile app is a software program you ... on the market, including some with free versions. Mobile App User Reviews Can I trust all the user ...

312

Mobile robot sense net  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile robot hardware and software is developing to the point where interesting applications for groups of such robots can be contemplated. We envision a set of mobots acting to map and perform surveillance or other task within an indoor environment (the Sense Net). A typical application of the Sense Net would be to detect survivors in buildings damaged by earthquake or other disaster, where human searchers would be put a risk. As a team, the Sense Net could reconnoiter a set of buildings faster, more reliably, and more comprehensibly than an individual mobot. The team, for example, could dynamically form subteams to perform task that cannot be done by individual robots, such as measuring the range to a distant object by forming a long baseline stereo sensor form a pari of mobots. In addition, the team could automatically reconfigure itself to handle contingencies such as disabled mobots. This paper is a report of our current progress in developing the Sense Net, after the first year of a two-year project. In our approach, each mobot has sufficient autonomy to perform several tasks, such as mapping unknown areas, navigating to specific positions, and detecting, tracking, characterizing, and classifying human and vehicular activity. We detail how some of these tasks are accomplished, and how the mobot group is tasked.

Konolige, Kurt; Gutmann, Steffen; Guzzoni, Didier; Ficklin, Robert W.; Nicewarner, Keith E.

1999-08-01

313

Recognizing hospital-acquired disability among older adults.  

PubMed

Approximately one third of hospitalized older adults develop a new disability by discharge, which places them at risk for readmission, institutionalization, and death. Various risk factors, both modifiable and nonmodifiable, coalesce in the acute care setting. As frontline health care providers, nurses are crucial to the process of altering modifiable risk factors by assessing patients’ risk for functional decline during hospitalization using a standardized instrument and treating risk with evidence-based interventions. Barriers to meeting this goal must be overcome, such as a lack of evidence to recommend use of one functional assessment tool over another, as well as the paucity of evidence-based interventions. Other obstacles such as the tacit acceptance of functional decline by health care providers and a lack of resources for mobilizing older adults contribute to the ongoing problem. Nurses are encouraged to develop new innovations to prevent the widespread and frequently untreated problem of hospital-acquired disability. PMID:23189993

D'Ambruoso, Sarah; Cadogan, Mary

2012-12-01

314

Disability Action Council Assessment Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This reports commends the excellent work achieved by Disability Action Council (DAC) since its inception in 1997. Although it suggests that DAC's current proposal to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) should not be accepted for funding,...

J. Condor R. Horvath

2001-01-01

315

Guide to Disability Rights Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... 508 Section 508 establishes requirements for electronic and information technology developed, maintained, procured, or used by the Federal government. Section 508 requires Federal electronic and information technology to be accessible to people with disabilities, including ...

316

JAMA Patient Page: Assessing Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... of disability are currently estimated at $300 billion. Impairment is evaluated as a measured change in an ... physical activity programs and home modifications. EVALUATION OF IMPAIRMENT Impairment is defined as “a loss, loss of ...

317

The Eye and Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A joint organizational statement on vision and therapy for learning disabilities and dyslexia is presented by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, and the American Association of Ophthalmology. (CB)

Sight-Saving Review, 1971

1971-01-01

318

Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the following topics: identification and classification of learning disabilities (LD), effects of LD on nursing students, teaching and learning, LD legislation, and academic interventions for nursing students with LD. (SK)

Selekman, Janice

2002-01-01

319

Adopting Children With Developmental Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The estimates of children who are awaiting adoption (legally free) indicate that anywhere between 30 and 50% have a developmental disability. However, these children are not a homogeneous group. Their physical, cognitive and social characteristics may dif...

1999-01-01

320

Osteoporosis in women with disabilities.  

PubMed

Women with physical and cognitive disabilities are at high risk for osteoporosis and osteoporosis-related fractures. Women with physical disabilities frequently are nonambulatory and have bone loss due to immobility. Women with cognitive disabilities have high rates of osteopenia and osteoporosis, likely partially due to high rates of anticonvulsant medication use. Women with Down syndrome are at especially high risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis, possibly because of lower peak bone density levels. Prevention of osteoporosis and related fractures in this population includes population-based measures, such as calcium and vitamin D supplementation and risk-based screening procedures. Primary care providers and specialists need to prioritize osteoporosis prevention strategies when taking care of women with disabilities. Future research is needed to determine optimal screening and prevention strategies in this very high risk population. PMID:15186660

Schrager, Sarina

2004-05-01

321

Rehabilitation Counseling with Disabled Hispanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special problems involved in providing rehabilitation counseling to disabled Hispanics are addressed, including socioeconomic considerations and psychosocial aspects dealing with traditional family roles. Implications for rehabilitation planning and culturally sensitive counseling services are discussed. (CL)

Rivera, Orlando A.; Cespedes, Rosanita

1983-01-01

322

Astronomical activities with disabled people  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As we celebrate the International Year of Astronomy, we have been working on four different projects with the goal of making astronomy more accessible to people with special needs. These projects are 1) an astronomy book and web site for blind people, 2) an open source software for people with motor disabilities, 3) a planetarium program for the visually impaired and 4) educational material for intellectually disabled people.

Ortiz-Gil, Amelia; Blay, Pere; Gallego Calvente, A. Teresa; Gómez, Miquel; Guirado, José Carlos; Lanzara, Mariana; Martínez Núñez, Silvia

2011-06-01

323

Driving experiences of disabled drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To study the influence of non-standard controls on return to driving after disability, including prevalence of accidents\\/retraining difficulties.Design: Postal questionnaires sent within two years of assessment to 972 disabled drivers seen over a three-year period.Setting: Scottish Driving Assessment Service.Subjects: All patients considered capable of driving after assessment during the study period.Results: Five hundred and eighty-nine people (61%) replied who

R S Prasad; J Hunter; J Hanley

2006-01-01

324

Mobile Agent Middleware for Mobile Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile computing requires an advanced infrastructure that integrates suitable support protocols, mechanisms, and tools. This mobility middleware should dynamically reallocate and trace mobile users and terminals and permit communication and coordination of mobile entities. In addition, open and untrusted environments must overcome system heterogeneity and grant the appropriate security level. Solutions to these issues require compliance with standards to interoperate

Paolo Bellavista; Antonio Corradi; Cesare Stefanelli

2001-01-01

325

Anchored mobilities: mobile technology and transnational migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile technologies are deployed into diverse social, cultural, political and geographic settings, and incorporated into diverse forms of personal and collective mobility. We present an ethnography of transnational Thai retirees and their uses of mobile technology, highlighting forms of mobility that are spatially, temporally, and infrastructurally anchored, and concepts of the house as a kinship network that may be globally

Amanda Williams; Ken Anderson; Paul Dourish

2008-01-01

326

Prevalence of disabled people involved in Spanish Civil Guard's police activity.  

PubMed

Improving interventions with victims and offenders with disabilities requires analysis of the degree of prevalence of crimes in which these people are involved. For this purpose, data regarding interventions made by the Spanish Civil Guard between 2008 and 2010, in which 2099 people had some kind of disability, have been collected and analyzed, with particular regard to criminal offenses (felonies and/or misdemeanors). In this study, the relationship between the types of disability a person has and other variables like their connection to the incident, their gender, age, the relationship between victim and perpetrator, and the time and place of the events were all taken into consideration. The results show that most of the victims with disabilities served by the Spanish Civil Guard were male. The interventions were mainly aid and rescues. Criminal offenses were only 20% of the events. PMID:24029801

González, José L; Cendra, Jacobo; Manzanero, Antonio L

2013-11-01

327

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility  

PubMed Central

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments.

2012-01-01

328

Childhood disablement and family incomes.  

PubMed Central

Data on the incomes of families with a severely disabled child were obtained by replicating the Family Expenditure Survey. These data were compared with income data from a control group of families with children, drawn from the FES for the same period. The participation rates, hours, and earnings of the women with a disabled child were all found to be substantially lower than those of women in the control group, differences between the samples increasing with the age of the youngest child. The earnings of men with a disabled child were also lower than those of men in the control group, though differences were more pronounced among non-manual workers. Loss of parental earnings was not made good by social security benefits paid on account of disablement. In general the incomes of the families with a disabled child were lower than those of the control families, the magnitude of the differences increasing with family income and the age of the youngest child. Nevertheless, one group of families with a disabled child--manual workers whose youngest child was under 5--had slightly higher incomes than similar families in the control group.

Baldwin, S; Godfrey, C; Staden, F

1983-01-01

329

Prevalence of Psychopathology across a Service Population of Parents with Intellectual Disabilities and Their Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified and investigated the incidence of childhood trauma and psychopathology across a population of parents with intellectual disabilities (IDs) known to a parenting service in the United Kingdom over a 5-year period and examined the emotional and physical welfare of their children. Data were gathered from 49 parents with ID and 58…

McGaw, Sue; Shaw, Tom; Beckley, Kerry

2007-01-01

330

A Review of Familial Abuse Allegations of Adults with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the incidence and nature of abuse of individuals with developmental disabilities residing with their families in New York State. Informal meetings were held with service providers to discuss the issues, and 84 allegations of familial abuse and neglect were reviewed. The study found that familial abuse of these individuals…

New York State Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled, Albany.

331

Cancer and Intellectual Disability: A Review of Some Key Contextual Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the health of people with intellectual disabilities has increasingly focused on the occurrence of cancer in this population. Information on the incidence and prevalence of cancer is reviewed in both institutional and community settings. Examples of environmental causation are considered including "Helicobacter pylori."…

Hogg, James; Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene

2008-01-01

332

Class Placement and Academic and Behavioral Variables as Predictors of Graduation for Students with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dropout rates impacting students with high-incidence disabilities in American schools remain staggering (Bost, 2006; Hehir, 2005). Of this group, students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are at greatest risk. Despite the mandated national propagation of inclusion, students with EBD remain the least included and the least successful when included (Bost). Accordingly, this study investigated the potential significance of inclusive settings

Liana Gonzalez

2010-01-01

333

Class placement and academic and behavioral variables as predictors of graduation for students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dropout rates impacting students with high-incidence disabilities in American schools remain staggering (Bost, 2006; Hehir, 2005). Of this group, students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are at greatest risk. Despite the mandated national propagation of inclusion, students with EBD remain the least included and the least successful when included (Bost). Accordingly, this study investigated the potential significance of inclusive settings

Liana Gonzalez

2010-01-01

334

Class Placement and Academic and Behavioral Variables as Predictors of Graduation for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dropout rates impacting students with high-incidence disabilities in American schools remain staggering (Bost, 2006; Hehir, 2005). Of this group, students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are at greatest risk. Despite the mandated national propagation of inclusion, students with EBD remain the least included and the least successful when…

Gonzalez, Liana

2010-01-01

335

Factors Related to Post-School Outcomes of Minority Youth with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The levels of post-school life success were examined for a group of 273 minority youth, with high incidence disabilities (HID) one to four years out of high school. In this cross-sectional study, school leavers completed a phone survey regarding their actions beyond high school related to employment, continued post-secondary education, independent…

Garate, Teresa

2010-01-01

336

Learning Disabilities among Primary School Children in Botswana: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study attempted to document the existence and incidence of learning disabilities (LD) among primary school children in Botswana. The study also sought to identify effective identification procedures and to determine if LD students are unique to technologically-oriented societies. Data were collected on 620 children from 4 schools (2…

Yoder, John H.; Kibria, K. F. M. Gholam

337

XXY: The Hidden Disability and a Prototype for an Infantile Presentation of Developmental Dyspraxia (IDD).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increased incidence of language-learning disabilities with dyslexia by school age. As infants and toddlers, these children have neuromotor and speech dysfunction within their first year. This article postulates that the language and motor dysfunction is caused by infantile presentation of developmental dyspraxia rather than a…

Samango-Sprouse, Carole; Rogol, Alan

2002-01-01

338

Hepatitis C Seroprevalence in an Institution for Residents with a Developmental Disability. Brief Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An investigation was conducted in Australia of 156 individuals with developmental disabilities who were long-term clients of a residential institution, to determine the incidence of hepatitis C antibodies. Results indicated that none of the residents was seropositive and that hepatitis C is less prevalent than hepatitis B in residential…

Fraser, Eric

1996-01-01

339

Adults with Physical Disabilities in Institutional Care: Do They Have a Choice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 164 adults with physical disabilities living in institutional care in Newcastle (United Kingdom) found an overall incidence figure of 59 such adults per 100,000 population. The study also found that less than 20% were able to exercise their right to a free choice and independent decision concerning their residential placement. (DB)

Castree, B. J.; Barnes, M. P.

1993-01-01

340

Papanicolaou Smear Screening of Women with Intellectual Disabilities: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although little is known about the incidence of cervical cancer in women with intellectual disabilities (ID), Pap smear screening is an effective public health program to prevent cervical cancer to this group of people. The purposes of this study were to identify and evaluate the factors regarding the utilization of the Pap smears in women with ID…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Lin, Jin-Ding; Sung, Chang-Lin; Liu, Ta-Wen; Liu, Yi-Lian; Chen, Li-Mei; Chu, Cordia M.

2010-01-01

341

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this hands-on OLogy activity, kids learn about matter by building their own models of carbon out of pipe cleaners, wire, and clay. The activity begins with a kid-friendly introduction to matter, elements, and atoms. The illustrated, step-by-step directions show how to use the information about carbon on the Periodic Table to create a mobile that shows the element's basic structure. A PDF version of the Periodic Table, along with a kid-friendly overview of how to read it, is also included.

342

Romantic relationships and interpersonal violence among adults with developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

Romantic relationships are important in the lives of adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore dating and romantic relationships among these adults and to identify the nature and extent of interpersonal violence in their relationships. A random sample of 47 women and men participated in semistructured interviews. The authors found that relationships sounded very typical of people without disabilities, but their time together was more limited than they wanted. A high percentage of participants had experienced interpersonal violence, primarily in the form of name calling, yelling, screaming, and physical assault. Although the police and family or friends were the first sources of assistance following an abusive incident, more than one third of the participants said they did not seek any help. PMID:20597743

Ward, Karen M; Bosek, Rebecca L; Trimble, Erin L

2010-04-01

343

Barriers and Facilitators to Community Mobility for Assistive Technology Users  

PubMed Central

Mobility is frequently described in terms of individual body function and structures however contemporary views of disability also recognise the role of environment in creating disability. Aim. To identify consumer perspectives regarding barriers and facilitators to optimal mobility for a heterogeneous population of impaired Victorians who use assistive technology in their daily lives. Method. An accessible survey investigated the impact of supports or facilitators upon actual and desired life outcomes and health-related quality of life, from 100?AT users in Victoria, Australia. This paper reports upon data pertaining to community mobility. Results. A range of barriers and enablers to community mobility were identified including access to AT devices, environmental interventions, public transport, and inclusive community environs. Substantial levels of unmet need result in limited personal mobility and community participation. Outcomes fall short of many principles enshrined in current policy and human rights frameworks. Conclusion. AT devices as well as accessible and inclusive home and community environs are essential to maximizing mobility for many. Given the impact of the environment upon the capacity of individuals to realise community mobility, this raises the question as to whether rehabilitation practitioners, as well as prescribing AT devices, should work to build accessible communities via systemic advocacy.

Layton, Natasha

2012-01-01

344

Characteristics and Measures for Mobile-Masquerader Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal mobile devices, as mobile phones, smartphones, and communicators can be easily lost or stolen. Due to the functional\\u000a abilities of these devices, their use by an unintended person may result in a severe security incident concerning private\\u000a or corporate data and services. Organizations develop their security policy and mobilize preventive techniques against unauthorized\\u000a use. Current solutions, however, are still

Oleksiy Mazhelis; Seppo Puuronen

345

Child and adult disability in the 2000 census: Disability is a household affair  

PubMed Central

Background Survey data indicate that individuals with disabilities in the United States often experience less advantageous economic and social resources than individuals without disabilities. Furthermore, they often reside with other individuals with disabilities in the same household. However, less is known about resource availability when multiple child and adult household members have a disability. Objective We use child-level data from the 2000 Census to examine the relationship between aggregation of disability in households with children and education, labor force participation, poverty level, and inadequate housing. Methods We utilize tabular analysis and Kruskal–Wallis tests to examine how resources in education, employment, income, and housing adequacy compare for children with disabilities who are the only member of their household with a disability, children with disabilities who live in a household with at least one other member with a disability, children without disabilities who live in a household where no other member has a disability, and children without disabilities who live in a household where at least one other member has a disability. Results Among children without a disability, 86% live in a household in which no other member has a disability. Among children with a disability, 53% live in a household in which no other adult or child has a disability. Poverty, inadequate housing, and low adult education were more two times more likely – and adult unemployment over five times more likely – in households with multiple members with disability versus households without disability. Conclusion There is a high prevalence of aggregation of adults and children with disability in households of children with disability. These households have substantially fewer resources than households who do not have disabilities.

Shandra, Carrie L.; Avery, Roger C.; Hogan, Dennis P.; Msall, Michael E.

2013-01-01

346

Mount Sinai Hospital dental program for persons with disabilities: role in undergraduate dental education.  

PubMed

Access to dental care for persons with special needs or disabilities continues to be a problem. This population is known to have a high incidence of dental disease, but unfortunately oral health is a significant unmet health need in many cases. To address this need, the Mount Sinai Hospital Dental Program for Persons with Disabilities was developed over 30 years ago by staff within the discipline of pediatric dentistry at the faculty of dentistry of the University of Toronto. Undergraduate students receive hands-on clinical training in dental management of persons with disabilities, the majority of whom have a developmental disability and could receive care in a community-based dental practice. This program has been successful, but access to community care is still an issue for the population served. Two new initiatives have been introduced in an attempt to develop personal links between persons with disabilities and future dentists, the first a series of lectures given by persons with disabilities and the second a nonprofit organization dedicated to raising awareness of the need for dental care for persons with disabilities. Among other activities, the organization sponsors a community-based event called Sharing Smiles Day, which brings together dental students and persons with disabilities in a carnival-like setting where the emphasis is on personal interactions. Dental preventive education is also provided but is of secondary importance. These initiatives and the program as a whole represent recognition of the responsibility of educators to ensure that new graduates have both the education and the desire to provide needed dental care to persons with disabilities. PMID:20483037

Sigal, Michael J

2010-01-01

347

The relationship between the disability prevalence of cataracts and ambient erythemal ultraviolet radiation in China.  

PubMed

In Western countries, ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin cancer has been studied extensively regarding the high incidence of skin cancers in the white population; however, for people of color, cataracts are the main public health issue in relation to increased ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR). To our knowledge, few studies have been conducted examining the relationship between cataracts and ambient UVR in China. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship between and the factors influencing the disability prevalence of cataracts and annual ambient erythemal UVR exposure in 31 regions of China. The data used to determine the disability prevalence of cataracts was obtained from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability. The regional annual erythemal UVR was calculated using Geographic Information System (GIS) methods based on data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) database. The relationship between the disability prevalence of cataracts and the annual ambient erythemal UVR was examined by using logistic regression. Both the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts (OR = 3.97, 95%CI 1.30-12.13, per 100KJ/m(2) increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old (OR = 3.97, 95%CI 1.30-12.13, per 100KJ/m(2) increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) were higher in association with higher ambient erythemal UVR. Regions with higher urbanization and educational levels had lower disability prevalence of cataracts. We found positive associations of the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old with ambient erythemal UVR in 31 regions of China. PMID:23226480

Wang, Yang; Yu, Jiaming; Gao, Qian; Hu, Liwen; Gao, Na; Gong, Huizhi; Liu, Yang

2012-01-01

348

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2011-07-01

349

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this section— Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2012-07-01

350

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section 165.835 Navigation and Navigable Waters...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this sectionâ Cruise...

2009-07-01

351

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section 165.835 Navigation and Navigable Waters...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this sectionâ Cruise...

2010-07-01

352

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this sectionâ Cruise ship means a passenger vessel...

2013-07-01

353

Mobility and Aging: New Directions for Public Health Action  

PubMed Central

Optimal mobility, defined as relative ease and freedom of movement in all of its forms, is central to healthy aging. Mobility is a significant consideration for research, practice, and policy in aging and public health. We examined the public health burdens of mobility disability, with a particular focus on leading public health interventions to enhance walking and driving, and the challenges and opportunities for public health action. We propose an integrated mobility agenda, which draws on the lived experience of older adults. New strategies for research, practice, and policy are needed to move beyond categorical promotion programs in walking and driving to establish a comprehensive program to enhance safe mobility in all its forms.

Guralnik, Jack M.; Jackson, Richard J.; Marottoli, Richard A.; Phelan, Elizabeth A.; Prohaska, Thomas R.

2012-01-01

354

45 CFR 1308.14 - Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...14 Eligibility criteria: Learning disabilities. (a) A child is classified as having a learning disability who has a...as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, and aphasia. ...child be classified as having a learning disability if: (1)...

2009-10-01

355

20 CFR 416.911 - Definition of disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Determining Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 416.911 Definition of disabling...impairment is an impairment (or combination of impairments) that causes marked and severe functional limitations. This means...

2013-04-01

356

Mobile shearography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By reason of their sensitivity, accuracy and non-contact as well as non-destructive characteristics, modern optical methods such as digital speckle shearography have found an increasing interest for NDT applications on the factory floor. With new carbon filter technologies and other lightweight constructions in aircraft and automotive manufacturing, adapted examination designs and especially developed testing methods are necessary. Shearography as a coherent optical method has been widely accepted as an useful NDT tool. It is a robust interferometric method to determine locations with maximum stress on various material structures. However, limitations of this technique can be found in the bulky equipment components, the interpretation of the complex sherographic result images and at the work with non-cooperative surfaces (dark absorber, bright shining reflectors). We report a mobile shearography system that was especially designed for investigations at aircraft and automotive constructions.

Kalms, Michael; Jueptner, Werner

2005-04-01

357

Bone quality in older adults with intellectual disabilities.  

PubMed

Although osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease leading to increased risk of fracture, it has rarely been investigated on a large scale in older people with intellectual disabilities (ID). In this study, 768 persons with ID (aged?50 years) were measured with quantitative ultrasound to determine the prevalence of low bone quality. The association of low bone quality with patient characteristics, mobility, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), prior fractures, anticonvulsant drug use, intake of calcium, and vitamin D3 levels was also investigated. The prevalence of low bone quality was 43.9%. Low bone quality was positively associated with female gender, age, more severe level of ID, mobility impairment, and anticonvulsant drug use, and negatively with BMI. In clinical practice, people with ID who are at risk for low bone quality should periodically be screened for osteoporosis and be given advice about nutritional supplements and appropriate lifestyle. PMID:24858785

Bastiaanse, Luc P; Mergler, Sandra; Evenhuis, Heleen M; Echteld, Michael A

2014-09-01

358

Burden of Restraint, Disablement and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of Total Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman’s reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the mulitple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions.

Harrison, Tracie

2010-01-01

359

Burden of restraint, disablement, and ethnic identity: a case study of total joint replacement for osteoarthritis.  

PubMed

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman's reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the multiple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions. PMID:21767094

Harrison, Tracie

2011-08-01

360

Mobility Times. Volume 7.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Purpose: The Mobility Times periodical is published quarterly by Mobility Concepts Agency (MCA) located at Fort Monroe, Virginia. MCA is a multi-Service organization sponsored by the Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) and the Air Mobility Command...

1996-01-01

361

Mobility Times. Volume 8.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Mobility Times periodical is published quarterly by Mobility Concepts Agency (MCA) located at Fort Monroe, Virginia. MCA is a multi-Service organization sponsored by the Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) and the Air Mobility Command (AMC). T...

1996-01-01

362

Glare disability in nephropathic cystinosis.  

PubMed

Cystinosis is a rare metabolic disorder in which nonprotein cystine accumulates within lysosomes due to a defect in lysosomal cystine transport. Although cystine accumulates within most ocular tissues, patients with cystinosis generally complain only of photophobia and glare. We measured glare sensitivity in 12 patients with infantile cystinosis and compared their results with an age-matched control population. Ten of the 12 patients with cystinosis had demonstrable glare disability when compared with the control group. Glare disability scores in the patients with cystinosis ranged from 5% to 50%. Dazzle glare resulting from the accumulation of cystine crystals in ocular tissue may account for glare disability seen in these patients and contribute to their complaints of photophobia. PMID:3689190

Katz, B; Melles, R B; Schneider, J A

1987-12-01

363

METROPOLITAN ATLANTA DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM (MADDSP)  

EPA Science Inventory

To address the problem of developmental disabilities among children, CDC, the former Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, which was funded by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), and the Georgia Department of Human Resources, initiate...

364

Predicting Learning Disabilities from Kindergarten Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study to determine whether learning disabilities can be predicted from kindergarten teachers' anecdotal reports, 37 boys later diagnosed as learning disabled, were selected and their kindergarten class identified. (Author/MC)

Cowgill, Mary Lu; And Others

1973-01-01

365

Outlook for Children with Intellectual Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... training Preparing children with intellectual disabilities for both lifelong vocational pursuits and as much independence as possible ... Urinary Tract Head Neck & Nervous System Heart Infections Learning Disabilities Obesity Orthopedic Prevention Sexually Transmitted Skin Tobacco ...

366

Physical Disability and Earthquake Hazard Mitigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report addresses the needs of disabled persons in earthquakes and provides data that will inform public policy in the natural hazards and disability areas. The work recognizes that populations-at-risk are not homogeneous, undifferentiated masses but r...

H. Hahn K. J. Tierney W. J. Petak

1987-01-01

367

Rehabilitation Research on Disability: New Horizons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of research on disability and integrates rehabilitation research with the mainstream of scientific activity. Examples of disability research are given covering spinal cord injury, facial disfigurement, cancer of the larynx, and cystic fibrosis. (Author/TA)

Goldberg, Richard T.

1977-01-01

368

National Center on Physical Activity and Disability  

MedlinePLUS

... 07, 2014 At the National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability we use several communication vehicles and ... Additional Updates: Get The Facts Jul 08, 2014 Physical Activity & People With Disabilities INFOGRAPHIC May 06, 2014 Inclusive ...

369

45 CFR 233.80 - Disability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...functioning of the individual in his particular...his impairment; an individual's disability would usually be...otherwise eligible individual who is permanently...Permanent and total disability may be...

2013-10-01

370

Chartbook on Disability in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The need for available statistics on disability is growing. Researchers, legislators, manufacturers, and the general public are becoming increasingly aware of disability in the United States. The report is intended as a reference publication on basic disa...

L. E. Kraus S. Stoddard

1989-01-01

371

Patterns of Counselors' Attitudes toward Disability Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored the pattern of rehabilitation counselors' attitudes toward four categories of disabled people (alcoholics, mentally retarded, paraplegics, schizophrenics). Found that rehabilitation counselors and related helping professionals maintained preconceived stereotypes about categories of disabled people and that counselors' attitudes toward the…

Goodyear, Rodney K.

1983-01-01

372

Investigation of Raising Burden of Children with Autism, Physical Disability and Mental Disability in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The family economic burden of raising autistic children, physical disabled children and mental disabled children were evaluated in China. 227 parents of children with autism, children with physical disability, children with mental disability and normal children were interviewed for children's costs, family income and economic assistance, etc. The…

Xiong, Nina; Yang, Li; Yu, Yang; Hou, Jiaxun; Li, Jia; Li, Yuanyuan; Liu, Hairong; Zhang, Ying; Jiao, Zhengang

2011-01-01

373

Effective Laboratory Experiences for Students with Disabilities: The Role of a Student Laboratory Assistant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two separate experiences with students whose disabilities significantly limited the number of laboratory activities they could accomplish independently has given us a general experience base for determining successful strategies for accommodating students facing these situatiuons. For a student who had substantially limited physical mobility and for a student who had no visual ability, employing a student laboratory assistant allowed the students with disabilities to have a productive and positive laboratory experience. One of the priorities in these situations should be to avoid depersonalizing the student with a disability. Interactions with the instructor and with other students should focus on the disabled student rather than the student laboratory assistant who may be carrying out specific tasks. One of the most crucial aspects of a successful project is the selection of a laboratory assistant who has excellent interpersonal skills and who will add his or her creativity to that of the student with a disability to meet unforeseen challenges. Other considerations are discussed, such as the importance of advance notification that a disabled student has enrolled in a course as well as factors that should contribute to choosing an optimum laboratory station for each situation.

Pence, Laura E.; Workman, Harry J.; Riecke, Pauline

2003-03-01

374

Evaluation of Incident Detection Algorithms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Off-Line and On-Line evaluations were conducted. Six algorithms were evaluated using incident and incident-free data collected on Chicago's expressways under various traffic and environmental conditions. Algorithm efficiency was evaluated in terms of Dete...

M. Levin, G. M. Krause

1979-01-01

375

Training of Traffic Incident Responders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The second Strategic Highway Research Programs Reliability Project L12, Improving Traffic Incident Scene Management, was designed to establish the foundation for and promote certification of responders to achieve the three objectives of the traffic incide...

A. Armstrong C. Armstrong C. Gallagher C. Mitchell G. Williams J. Connor J. Fields J. Guzman K. Beasley K. Ford K. McGinnis L. Bedsole N. D. Owens R. Brewster R. Moore

2012-01-01

376

National Fire Incident Reporting System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) is an automated system designed to collect and analyze fire incident data at the local, state, and national level. The standard software package which is provided to participating jurisdictions includes ...

1977-01-01

377

Mobile Customer Relationship Management and Mobile Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is twofold. First, in order to guarantee a coherent discussion about mobile customer relationship\\u000a management (mCRM), this paper presents a conceptualization of mCRM delineating its unique characteristics because of Among\\u000a the variety of mobile services, considerable attention has been devoted to mobile marketing and in particular to mobile customer\\u000a relationship management services. Second, the authors

Ali Sanayei; Abas Mirzaei

2008-01-01

378

People with Mental and Physical Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culture and economic development influence how disability is perceived, distributed, and responded to. Physical disability\\u000a resulting from disease, malnutrition, and accidents is more common in developing nations than in more developed nations (United\\u000a Nations General Assembly, Resolution 37\\/53, Dec. 3, 1982). Poor prenatal nutrition, obstetric skills, and perinatal care are\\u000a other sources of disability. Once a disability occurs, the affected

Kim T. Mueser; Virginia A. Hiday; Lisa A. Goodman; Denise Valenti-Hein

379

Grazing incidence relay optics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The necessity to work in the focal plane of the primary mirrors has been one of the factors limiting the utility of grazing incidence telescopes in X-ray astronomy. In connection with the reported investigation, computer ray tracing programs have been used to study the performance of several grazing incidence relay optics (GIRO) systems used together with a large nested solar X-ray telescope. It was found that GIRO magnifiers are useful to map appropriate sized regions of the sun onto available CCD detectors. GIRO collimators can be used together with an X-ray spectrometer to study the X-ray spectrum from very small regions on the sun. Attention is given to the stationary mode, the tracking mode, and the size of GIRO elements. It is found that for a given GIRO size and magnification a use of the diverging system has the advantage of reducing the overall length of the main telescope-GIRO combination. However, the resolution provided by the diverging GIRO may not be as good as that obtained with the corresponding converging GIRO.

Chase, R. C.; Davis, J. M.; Krieger, A. S.; Underwood, J. H.

1982-01-01

380

Mobile Schools for a Mobile World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overwhelmingly, independent schools are embracing mobile devices--laptops, iPads or other tablets, and smartphones--to enhance teaching and learning. This article describes the results of the "NAIS 2012 Mobile Learning Survey." Among its findings were that 75 percent of NAIS-member schools currently use mobile learning devices in at…

Booth, Susan

2013-01-01

381

Mobile robot kinematic, dynamic, and mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents an optimal trajectography planning for a mobile robot in a crowded environment. A dynamic model based on the Euler-Lagrange equations is developed and a mobility estimation function of the robot is considered. This dynamic estimation of the robot mobility takes into account the velocity and the orientation of the robot. Finally, the optimal trajectory search is formulated as a

A. Khoukhi; Y. Hamam

1991-01-01

382

"Managing" Disability: Early Experiences of University Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent UK legislation, operational from December 2006, places a duty on all public authorities, including higher education institutions, to actively promote equality of opportunity for people with disabilities. The university studied here has a number of initiatives in place to develop good practice in this area, but how do students themselves…

Goode, Jackie

2007-01-01

383

Incidence rates in dynamic populations  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the present article is to explain the calculation of incidence rates in dynamic populations with the use of simple mathematical and statistical concepts. The first part will consider incidence rates in dynamic populations, and how they can best be taught in basic, intermediate and advanced courses. The second part will briefly explain how and why incidence rates are calculated in cohorts.

Vandenbroucke, Jan P; Pearce, Neil

2012-01-01

384

Postsecondary Education for Individuals with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter theme issue contains several articles on postsecondary education for individuals with disabilities. "Supported Education for People with Psychiatric Disabilities...Issues and Implications" (Karen V. Unger) describes three prototypes for postsecondary education of individuals with psychiatric disabilities--the self-contained…

Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

1991-01-01

385

Dispelling stereotypes: promoting disability equality through film  

Microsoft Academic Search

All too often individuals with disabilities in the popular media are portrayed as people to be pitied or super humans to be admired. Film is one important resource that helps form the public’s beliefs and dispositions about people with disabilities. With that in mind a film festival was designed to provide authentic representation of people with disabilities living normal lives

Diane Schwartz; Elfreda Blue; Mary McDonald; George Giuliani; Genevieve Weber; Holly Seirup; Sage Rose; Jeffrey Rosenfeld; Andrea Perkins

2010-01-01

386

The Impact of Childhood on Disabled Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of childhood on success in adulthood has been much researched. This paper discusses how parental expectations, social class, childhood experiences and gender influenced the career success of disabled people. For respondents with congenital disabilities, disability was perceived as a primary factor influencing parental expectations, but…

Shah, Sonali; Arnold, John; Travers, Cheryl

2004-01-01

387

Reading Disabilities and Aggression: A Critical Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the relationship between specific reading disabilities and aggressive behavior. It finds that there is not enough evidence to conclude that reading disability causes aggressive or delinquent behavior, though limited evidence does suggest that reading disability may worsen preexisting aggressive behavior. (Author/DB)

Cornwall, Anne; Bawden, Harry N.

1992-01-01

388

Identification of Learning Disabled Bilingual Hispanic Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study compared 10 learning disabled and 10 non-learning disabled limited English proficient Mexican American elementary grade children. Six tests were identified as predicting learning disabilities including the Prueba de Lectura y Lenguaje Escrito and the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. (Author/DB)

Zavala, Jesus; Mims, Joan

1983-01-01

389

Work Shifts and Disability: A National View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than one-fifth of employed persons with disabilities work late or rotating shifts, about the same as nondisabled workers. Day workers with disabilities receive lower hourly wages than nondisabled workers. Except for men, nonday workers with disabilities receive wages similar to their nondisabled counterparts. (Contains 27 references.)…

Presser, Harriet B.; Altman, Barbara

2002-01-01

390

Systems for Providing Aids for Disabled People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report summarizes a meeting of the World Health Organization's Working Group on Systems for Provision of Aids for Disabled Persons. The meeting was convened to discuss technical aids and ergonomic measures to bring greater independence to disabled people and the need to systematize services for the disabled in their own environments. Following…

World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.

391

Access to Employment: People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the findings of Lou Harris and Associates (1987) on what employers are doing to employ people with disabilities and what their experiences with disabled employees have been. Presents strategies that provide a model for addressing the needs of the disabled population and provide them with opportunities. (JS)

Pierce, Patricia A.

1990-01-01

392

Disabled Veterans on the Job Front.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabled Veterans Outreach Program (DVOP) administered by the Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration arranges training and placement for disabled veterans in local job service offices. These employees then assist in placing other disabled veterans on jobs. Some typical DVOP success stories are described. (MF)

Walker, Michael J.

1978-01-01

393

Compensatory Services and Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with disabilities are entitled to a free appropriate public education (FAPE) under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). If school officials fail to provide students with a FAPE, the courts may grant appropriate relief. Courts often direct educators to provide students with disabilities with a FAPE and to compensate…

Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J.

2009-01-01

394

Addressing Students with Disabilities in School Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inclusive education can help facilitate the inclusion of students with disabilities in mainstream schools. Inclusive education has proven to be a key benefit for disabled children as an end in itself and as a means to an end of greater social acceptance of difference and disability. However there needs to be greater awareness-raising measures at…

Cheng, Karen Kow Yip; Beigi, Amir Biglar

2011-01-01

395

Orientations toward Disability: Differences over the Lifecourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a study of differences in orientation toward disability over the lifecourse. The study was based on an instrument developed by the authors, the Questionnaire on Disability Identity and Opportunity (QDIO). This instrument measures two dimensions of disability: participation and orientation. Orientation, in turn,…

Darling, Rosalyn B.; Heckert, D. Alex

2010-01-01

396

Homework Practices That Support Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue discusses homework issues related to students with disabilities and how to ensure that students with disabilities benefit from homework. It addresses communication problems teachers face in assigning homework to students with disabilities and recommendations for overcoming these communication barriers. Strategies are provided for…

Research Connections in Special Education, 2001

2001-01-01

397

Disability Documentation: Using All the Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to disability documentation have long been grounds for contention among postsecondary disability service providers. While the new AHEAD Documentation Guidance seems to be creating the usual intensity and heat among its members, there does seem to be a data-based middle ground. The AHEAD Guidance recommends that disability service…

Shaw, Stan F.

2012-01-01

398

Emerging Technologies and Their Impact on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological innovation is transforming the prevalence and functional impact of child disability, the scale of social disparities in child disability, and perhaps the essential meaning of disability in an increasingly technology-dominated world. In this article, Paul Wise investigates several specific facets of this transformation. He begins by…

Wise, Paul H.

2012-01-01

399

Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

2013-01-01

400

Veterans with Disabilities in Postsecondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 60 years, veterans with disabilities have been a catalyst in the development of services for students with disabilities in higher education. Current converging factors, including anticipated large numbers of veterans with disabilities enrolling in postsecondary education, Office for Civil Rights directives, and the passage of the…

Madaus, Joseph W.; Miller, Wayne K., II; Vance, Mary Lee

2009-01-01

401

School Adjustment of Children with Observable Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an investigation of school behavior and achievement of 78 10-to 15-year-old children with observable physical disability, Ss from two different disability types (cleft palate and cerebral palsy) were compared with each other and to a control group in order to determine potential similarities across disability types. (Author/CL)

Richman, Lynn; Harper, Dennis

1978-01-01

402

Portrayal of Disabilities in Caldecott Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors read all of the books that received Caldecott Medal and Honor status awarded between 1938 and 2005 and found that 11 included a character with a disability. For each book, they analyzed characterizations of those with disabilities and generated tips for using the book to teach about disabilities. They argue that accurate portrayals of…

Dyches, Tina T.; Prater, Mary Anne; Jenson, Jennifer

2006-01-01

403

Temporal Structure of Adaptation to Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used cross-sectional design to collect data on phases of adaptation to disability as measured by the Reactions to Impairment and Disability Inventory among 112 inpatients and 92 outpatients at rehabilitation facilities. Results generally support the existence of a psychosocial adaptation process to physical disability. Incongruities between the…

Livneh, Hanoch; Antonak, Richard F.

1991-01-01

404

Mobility impairments and use of screening and preventive services.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Primary care for people with disabilities often concentrates on underlying debilitating disorders to the exclusion of preventive health concerns. This study examined use of screening and preventive services among adults with mobility problems (difficulty walking, climbing stairs, or standing for extended periods). METHODS: The responses of non-institutionalized adults to the 1994 National Health Interview Survey, including the disability and Healthy People 2000 supplements, were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regressions predicted service use on the basis of mobility level, demographic characteristics, and indicators of health care access. RESULTS: Ten percent of the sample reported some mobility impairment; 3% experienced major problems. People with mobility problems were as likely as others to receive pneumonia and influenza immunizations but were less likely to receive other services. Adjusted odds ratios for women with major mobility difficulties were 0.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.4, 0.9) for the Papanicolaou test and 0.7 (95% CI = 0.5, 0.9) for mammography. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to screening and preventive services for people with mobility difficulties. Shortened appointment times, physically inaccessible care sites, and inadequate equipment could further compromise preventive care for this population.

Iezzoni, L I; McCarthy, E P; Davis, R B; Siebens, H

2000-01-01

405

[Performance spectrum in occupational disability. Causes--occupational groups--age--duration of insurance].  

PubMed

The causes of disability were elaborated in an extensive study. Accidents, coronary heart disease, diseases of the spine, and orthopedic diseases are the four most common diagnoses and account together for 52.4% of all cases of disability. The incidence of other even rarer diagnoses was shown. The average ages differ from diagnosis to diagnosis. While the average of all cases is at age 45.5 years for the beginning of disability and 9.8 years for the duration period there are diagnoses that lead to disability at an earlier age and after a shorter duration period such as for instance schizophrenia, inflammatory bowel diseases, allergies and skin affections. Heart and circulatory diseases and depressions on the other side occur at a later age and after a longer duration period. At the evaluation of risks special attention should be paid to those causes of early disability since they can turn into a claim after a short duration period and therefore can cause great subsequent costs. Some general statements can be made about occupational groups and causes of disability. Diseases of heart and circulation are rarer in physically active occupations such as construction, agriculture, and industry than in white collar workers and liberal professions. On the other side orthopedic diseases and accidents occur more frequently in construction, industry and agriculture. White collar workers tend to have more psychiatric problems which can be explained with a higher potential of conflicts at work. PMID:2149783

Akermann, S

1990-12-01

406

Gender issues in newspaper coverage of people with disabilities: a Canada-Israel comparison.  

PubMed

This research compared how over a three-month period Canadian and Israeli newspapers wrote about females and males with disabilities. The results showed that in both countries there was significantly greater coverage of males than females. In addition, different (and stereotypical) types of details were used to describe the two groups, and females were associated with different kinds of problems than males, including a higher incidence of violence and victimization. There were also some significant differences between the male and female journalists in this study, and evidence of sexism within the newspaper industry. This paper concludes with some ideas for altering the images of disabled women in the media. PMID:10608670

Gold, N; Auslander, G

1999-01-01

407

Grazing incidence beam expander  

SciTech Connect

A Grazing Incidence Beam Expander (GIBE) telescope is being designed and fabricated to be used as an equivalent end mirror in a long laser resonator cavity. The design requirements for this GIBE flow down from a generic Free Electron Laser (FEL) resonator. The nature of the FEL gain volume (a thin, pencil-like, on-axis region) dictates that the output beam be very small. Such a thin beam with the high power levels characteristic of FELs would have to travel perhaps hundreds of meters or more before expanding enough to allow reflection from cooled mirrors. A GIBE, on the other hand, would allow placing these optics closer to the gain region and thus reduces the cavity lengths substantially. Results are presented relating to optical and mechanical design, alignment sensitivity analysis, radius of curvature analysis, laser cavity stability analysis of a linear stable concentric laser cavity with a GIBE. Fabrication details of the GIBE are also given.

Akkapeddi, P.R.; Glenn, P.; Fuschetto, A.; Appert, Q.; Viswanathan, V.K.

1985-01-01

408

Developmental Disabilities and Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph addresses common misconceptions about developmental disabilities, describes the conditions that child welfare workers are most likely to see, provides examples of effective interventions, and stresses the importance of early intervention to promote healthy development. Specific chapters include: (1) "Understanding Developmental…

Rycus, Judith S.; Hughes, Ronald C.

409

Intellectual Disability and Spiritual Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linking the concepts of intellectual disability and spiritual development creates a challenging mixture of sociological and theological issues. Formal definitions of the concepts can be less than conclusive but it remains a fundamental issue to consider if there may be some minimal level of intellectual competence below which it is not feasible to…

Watts, Graeme

2011-01-01

410

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles published during 1997 include: "The Multi-Disability Workstation for Small Libraries" (Dick Banks and Steve Noble); "Talking Books: Toward a Digital Model" (John Cookson and others); "World Wide Access: Focus on Libraries" (Sheryl Burgstahler); "The Virtual Library: Collaborative Data Exchange and Electronic Text Delivery" (Steve Noble);…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1997-01-01

411

ICT helps to overcome disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of technological progress ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) has created the so-called „digital divide“. Some people are unable to individually respond to this progress, but the proper use of ICT can help them overcome this handicap. One of the possibilities is to create accessible and usable applications depending on the character and level of disability. In accordance

Petr Benda; Zdenek Havlicek; Vaclav Lohr; M. Havranek

2011-01-01

412

Accommodating Workers with Mental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NEC America prepares its employees to train severely disabled co-workers. Three characteristics of the training are (1) the right type and amount of assistance; (2) measurement of degrees of learning; and (3) reinforcement of what has been learned. (SK)

Mank, David; And Others

1992-01-01

413

Hidden Disabilities: Another Diverse Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, from the "Journal of College Admission's" Special Diversity Issue, which in its entirety has won the 1997 Muir Award, discusses various misconceptions regarding individuals with multiple learning disabilities and whether or not these individuals should consider college as an option. The author contends that students with learning…

Kravets, Marybeth

2006-01-01

414

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews developments in 2000 in the law of disability discrimination as it relates to higher education, which falls into five categories: (1) definition of a qualified individual; (2) accommodations, access, undue burden, and fundamental alteration of programs; (3) intentional discrimination, harassment, and retaliation; (4) Eleventh Amendment…

Weber, Mark C.

2002-01-01

415

Help Kids WELCOME Disabled Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inclusion of children with disabilities in today's classrooms poses a challenge to teachers, principals, and parents not only to prepare students with special needs for the classroom, but also to overcome the misconceptions of general education students. The author of this article offers suggestions and strategies designed to help principals and…

Klotz, Mary Beth

2004-01-01

416

Intellectual Disabilities and Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undetected/untreated hearing loss imposes significant limitations upon individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). It can interfere with cognitive development, impede communicative and social interactions, and limit vocational aspirations. Over the past decade, the hearing of 9961 people with ID was evaluated at Special Olympics sports…

Herer, Gilbert R.

2012-01-01

417

Special Educational Needs and Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues relating to the categorisation and labelling of pupils, and, the use of the terms "special educational needs" and "disability" in particular, have been the topic of debate in "BJSE" before. In this article, Sue Keil, a research officer at the Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB), Olga Miller, of the Institute of Education,…

Keil, Sue; Miller, Olga; Cobb, Rory

2006-01-01

418

Pediatric Disability and Caregiver Separation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evidence that the birth of a child with a disability leads to divorce or separation is equivocal, with the majority of recent research suggesting that such a birth and childrearing may be stressful, but not necessarily toxic, to the caregiver relationship. Such research has been limited by small sample sizes and nonrepresentative samples and…

McCoyd, Judith L. M.; Akincigil, Ayse; Paek, Eun Kwang

2010-01-01

419

Learning Disabilities: The Decade Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are ten papers given at a 1974 conference focusing on realistic goals for serving learning disabled children in the decade ahead. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Introduction and Overview of the Problem of the Conference" (W. Cruickshank); "Concepts of Vision in Relation to Perception" (G. Getman); "Motor Activities and…

Krasnoff, Margaret J., Ed.

420

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1995-01-01

421

Interactivity in work with disabled  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reflects upon a case study where exploration, play and empowerment in interactive therapy sessions with audio and visual stimuli resulted in achievement, self-esteem and a shared pride between a young adult with profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD), his mother and the special teacher that conducted the sessions. Following the gift to the mother of a video recording

Stefan Hasselblad; Eva Petersson; Tony Brooks

422

Astronomical activities with disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

As we celebrate the International Year of Astronomy, we have been working on four different projects with the goal of making astronomy more accessible to people with special needs. These projects are 1) an astronomy book and web site for blind people, 2) an open source software for people with motor disabilities, 3) a planetarium program for the visually impaired

Amelia Ortiz-Gil; Pere Blay; A. Teresa Gallego Calvente; Miquel Gómez; José Carlos Guirado; Mariana Lanzara; Silvia Martínez Núñez

2011-01-01

423

Disability, Work and Cash Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 13 papers from a workshop convened to explore the causes of work disability and the types of interventions that might enable individuals to remain at work, return to work, or enter the work force for the first time, despite having chronic health conditions or impairments. Following an overview of the papers by editors Jerry L.…

Mashaw, Jerry L., Ed.; And Others

424

Information and Attitudes toward Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined effects of two movies, Like Other People and The Music Box, on attitudes as measured by the Attitudes toward Disabled Persons scale. Results indicated more negative attitudes were induced in pretested participants by Like Other People at initial post-test; however, more favorable attitudes were exhibited by participants six weeks later.…

Hafer, Marilyn; Narcus, Margery

1979-01-01

425

Participation in Sports Organizations and the Prevention of Functional Disability in Older Japanese: The AGES Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background We sought to examine prospectively the difference in the association between incident functional disability and exercise with or without sports organization participation. Methods The study was based on the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES) Cohort Study data. In October 2003, self-reported questionnaires were mailed to 29,374 non-disabled Japanese individuals aged 65 years or older. Of these, 13,310 individuals were introduced to the Study, and they were followed for 4 years. Analysis was carried out on 11,581 subjects who provided all necessary information for the analysis. Results Analysis was carried out on incident functional disability by 4 groups of different combinations of performance of exercise and participation in a sports organization Active Participant (AP), Exercise Alone (EA), Passive Participant (PP) and Sedentary (S). Compared to the AP group, the EA group had a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.29 (1.02–1.64) for incident functional disability. No significant difference was seen with the PP group, with an HR of 1.16 (0.76–1.77). When a measure of social networks was added to the covariates, the HR of the EA group dropped to 1.27 (1.00–1.61), and significant differences disappeared. In contrast, it showed hardly any change when social support was added. Conclusion The results suggested that, even with a regular exercise habit, incident functional disability may be better prevented when a person participates in a sports organization than when he/she does not. In addition, participation in a sports organization correlates positively with social networks, which may lead to a small decrease in incident functional disability.

Kanamori, Satoru; Kai, Yuko; Kondo, Katsunori; Hirai, Hiroshi; Ichida, Yukinobu; Suzuki, Kayo; Kawachi, Ichiro

2012-01-01

426

Access to Cancer Screening in People with Learning Disabilities in the UK: Cohort Study in the Health Improvement Network, a Primary Care Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess whether people with learning disability in the UK have poorer access to cancer screening. Design Four cohort studies comparing people with and without learning disability, within the recommended age ranges for cancer screening in the UK. We used Poisson regression to determine relative incidence rates of cancer screening. Setting The Health Improvement Network, a UK primary care database with over 450 General practices. Participants Individuals with a recorded diagnosis of learning disability including general diagnostic terms, specific syndromes, chromosomal abnormalities and autism in their General Practitioner computerised notes. For each type of cancer screening, a comparison cohort of up to six people without learning disability was selected for each person with a learning disability, using stratified sampling on age within GP practice. Main outcome measures Incidence rate ratios for receiving 1) a cervical smear test, 2) a mammogram, 3) a faecal occult blood test and 4) a prostate specific antigen test. Results Relative rates of screening for all four cancers were significantly lower for people with learning disability. The adjusted incidence rate ratios (95% confidence intervals) were Cervical smears: Number eligible with learning disability?=?6,254; IRR?=?0.54 (0.52–0.56). Mammograms: Number eligible with learning disability?=?2,956; IRR?=?0.76 (0.72–0.81); Prostate Specific Antigen: Number eligible?=?3,520; IRR?=?0.87 (0.80–0.96) and Faecal Occult Blood Number eligible?=?6,566; 0.86 (0.78–0.94). Differences in screening rates were less pronounced in more socially deprived areas. Disparities in cervical screening rates narrowed over time, but were 45% lower in 2008/9, those for breast cancer screening appeared to widen and were 35% lower in 2009. Conclusion Despite recent incentives, people with learning disability in the UK are significantly less likely to receive screening tests for cancer that those without learning disability. Other methods for reducing inequalities in access to cancer screening should be considered.

Osborn, David P. J.; Horsfall, Laura; Hassiotis, Angela; Petersen, Irene; Walters, Kate; Nazareth, Irwin

2012-01-01

427

Self-Appraised Lifestyle Satisfaction of Persons with Intellectual Disability: The Impact of Personal Characteristics and Community Residential Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 247 adults with intellectual disability living in group homes, and semi-independent and independent apartments, found residents' personal and behavioral characteristics explained more of the variance of total lifestyle satisfaction than the living arrangement. Participants who did not need mobility assistance or has less problem…

Schwartz, Chaya

2003-01-01

428

Fiberoptic Intubation Through an I-Gel Supraglottic Airway in Two Patients with Predicted Difficult Airway and Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

A significant number of patients with intellectual disabilities can have difficulties during airway man- agement. The reasons are multifactorial: craniofacial abnormalities associated with some genetic syn- dromes, enlargement of the structures inside the oral cavity and pharynx, complete lack of cooperation, obesity, limited neck mobility or neck instability, and frequent respiratory tract disease.1,2 In addition, air- way assessment is frequently

Pavel Michalek; Philip Hodgkinson; William Donaldson

2008-01-01

429

Analysis of Co-Worker Involvement in Relation to Level of Disability versus Placement Approach among Supported Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of co-worker involvement among 264 supported employees found that, of 7 types of involvement, "associating" occurred most often, followed by "evaluating" and "training." Employees in mobile work crews experienced less co-worker involvement than those employed in clustered or individual placements, and more severely disabled employees…

Rusch, Frank R.; And Others

1990-01-01

430

Customizing Mobile Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamics of mobile systems require applications to intelligently adapt to changes in system configurations and to their environment. We describe a workplace in which users interact with a number of stationary and mobile systems through the course of a day. The relationship between systems and devices is constantly changing due to user mobility. We present a facility for mobile

Bill N. Schilit; Marvin M. Theimer; Brent B. Welch

431

Mobile Agents White Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper.IntroductionNew productsNew applicationsNew networksAbout "Mobile Agents"Enabling mobile agentsMobile agent paradigmMobile agent conceptsMobile agent technologyProgramming mobile agentsProgramming a placeProgramming an agentUsing mobile agentsMonitoring changing conditionsDoing time-consuming legworkUsing services in combinationThe user experienceHow agents provide the experienceVariations on the themeAcknowledgmentsRelated workReferencesIntroduction

Jim White

1996-01-01

432

Primary Care for Women with Intellectual Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Women with intellectual disabilities (ID) need thoughtful, well-coordinated care from primary care physicians. They are particularly susceptible to experiencing disparities in care because of varied participation in shared decision making. This review of the current literature comments on the quantity and quality of existing studies regarding several key women's health issues: menstrual disorders, cervical and breast cancer screening, contraception, and osteoporosis. A review of the current thinking regarding ethical and legal issues in medical decision making for these women is also provided. We found that there are several high-quality studies recommending early and frequent screening for osteoporosis, which is more common in women with ID. Smaller and fewer studies comment specifically on techniques for accomplishing the gynecological examination in women with ID, although the cervical cancer screening recommendation should be individualized for these patients. Consensus data on the management of menstrual problems and contraception in women with ID is provided. There are some data on breast cancer incidence but few articles on methods to improve screening rates in women with ID.

Wilkinson, Joanne E.; Cerreto, Mary C.

2013-01-01

433

A framework for robust mobile robot systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fielded mobile robot systems will inevitably suffer hardware and software failures. Failures in a single subsystem can often disable the entire robot, especially if the controlling application does not consider such failures. Often simple measures, such as a software restart or the use of a secondary sensor, can solve the problem. However, these fixes must generally be applied by a human expert, who might not be present in the field. In this paper, we describe a recovery-oriented framework for mobile robot applications which addresses this problem in two ways. First, fault isolation automatically provides graceful degradation of the overall system as individual software and hardware components fail. In addition, subsystems are monitored for known failure modes or aberrant behavior. The framework responds to detected or immanent failures by restarting or replacing the suspect component in a manner transparent to the application programmer and the robot's operator.

Melchior, Nik A.; Smart, William D.

2004-12-01

434

Smartphones Enabling Mobile Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobilization of the work-force is demanding new mobile and wireless technologies to facilitate contact between the growing number of mobile eWorkers and organizations. Smartphones incorporating mobile e-mail functionality enable instant access to e-mail boxes and company resources without complex synchronization. A study amongst sixteen German companies was conducted to elicit the influence of mobile e-mail on work-processes and communication. The

Bettina Beurer-zuellig; Miriam Meckel

2008-01-01

435

Mobile IPv6 Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile IPv6 provides global mobility and location management support for the IPv6 network layer protocol. The design of Mobile IPv6 incorporates security features that differ significantly from its predecessor, Mobile IPv4. Some of the new security features are intended to counter new threats raised by route optimization, while others align Mobile IPv6 security more closely with basic IPv6 security mechanisms.

James Kempf; Jari Arkko; Pekka Nikander

2004-01-01

436

Prevalence of disability in a composite >=75 year-old population in Spain: A screening survey based on the International Classification of Functioning  

PubMed Central

Background The prevalence and predictors of functional status and disability of elderly people have been studied in several European countries including Spain. However, there has been no population-based study incorporating the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework as the basis for assessing disability. The present study reports prevalence rates for mild, moderate, and severe/extreme disability by the domains of activities and participation of the ICF. Methods Nine populations surveyed in previous prevalence studies contributed probabilistic and geographically defined samples in June 2005. The study sample was composed of 503 subjects aged ?75 years. We implemented a two-phase screening design using the MMSE and the World Health Organization-Disability Assessment Schedule 2nd edition (WHO-DAS II, 12 items) as cognitive and disability screening tools, respectively. Participants scoring within the positive range of the disability screening were administered the full WHO-DAS II (36 items; score range: 0-100) assessing the following areas: Understanding and communication, Getting along with people, Life activities, Getting around, Participation in society, and Self-care. Each disability area assessed by WHO-DAS II (36 items) was reported according to the ICF severity ranges (No problem, 0-4; Mild disability, 5-24; Moderate disability, 25-49; Severe/Extreme disability, 50-100). Results The age-adjusted disability prevalence figures were: 39.17 ± 2.18%, 15.31 ± 1.61%, and 10.14 ± 1.35% for mild, moderate, and severe/extreme disability, respectively. Severe and extreme disability prevalence in mobility and life activities was three times higher than the average, and highest among women. Sex variations were minimal, although life activities for women of 85 years and over had more severe/extreme disability as compared to men (OR = 5.15 95% CI 3.19-8.32). Conclusions Disability is highly prevalent among the Spanish elderly. Sex- and age-specific variations of disability are associated with particular disability domains.

2011-01-01

437

A systematic review and meta-analysis of diabetes and risk of physical disability and functional impairment - protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Diabetes and increased age are known risk factors for physical disability. With the increasing prevalence of diabetes within our aging population, the future burden of disability is expected to increase. To date, there has not been a pooled estimate of the risk for disability associated with diabetes or its precursor states, impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose. We aim to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between prediabetes and diabetes with disability, and quantify the risk of association. Methods/design We will search for relevant studies in Medline via Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane library and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), as well as scan reference lists from relevant reviews and publications included in our review. We will review all publications that include studies on human adults (18 years and older) where information is included on diabetes status and at least one measure of disability (Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental ADL (IADL) or functional/mobility limitation), and where a risk association is available for the relationship between diabetes and/or prediabetes with disability, with reference to those without diabetes. We will further conduct a meta-analysis to pool estimates of the risk of disability associated with prediabetes and diabetes. Sensitivity analysis will be conducted to assess for publication bias and study quality.Findings from this systematic review and meta-analysis will be widely disseminated through discussions with stake-holders, publication in a peer-reviewed journal and conference presentation.

2012-01-01

438

Behavioral intervention to increase compliance with electroencephalographic procedures in children with developmental disabilities  

PubMed Central

The EEG, or electroencephalogram, is a neurophysiological technique used to detect and record electrical activity in the brain. It is critical to the diagnosis and management of seizure disorders, such as epilepsy, as well as other neurological conditions. The EEG procedure is often not well tolerated by children with developmental disabilities because of anxiety about unfamiliar equipment, difficulty inhibiting motion, and tactile defensiveness. The inability of children with developmental disabilities to tolerate an EEG procedure is especially problematic because the incidence of epilepsy is considerably higher in children with disabilities. This clinical outcome study sought to determine the efficacy of using behavioral intervention to teach children with developmental disorders to cooperate with an EEG procedure. The behavioral training employed modeling, counterconditioning, escape extinction, and differential reinforcement-based shaping procedures. Results indicated that behavioral training is successful in promoting EEG compliance without restraint, anesthesia, or sedation.

Slifer, Keith J.; Avis, Kristin T.; Frutchey, Robin A.

2010-01-01

439

Behavioral intervention to increase compliance with electroencephalographic procedures in children with developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

The EEG, or electroencephalogram, is a neurophysiological technique used to detect and record electrical activity in the brain. It is critical to the diagnosis and management of seizure disorders, such as epilepsy, as well as other neurological conditions. The EEG procedure is often not well tolerated by children with developmental disabilities because of anxiety about unfamiliar equipment, difficulty inhibiting motion, and tactile defensiveness. The inability of children with developmental disabilities to tolerate an EEG procedure is especially problematic because the incidence of epilepsy is considerably higher in children with disabilities. This clinical outcome study sought to determine the efficacy of using behavioral intervention to teach children with developmental disorders to cooperate with an EEG procedure. The behavioral training employed modeling, counterconditioning, escape extinction, and differential reinforcement-based shaping procedures. Results indicated that behavioral training is successful in promoting EEG compliance without restraint, anesthesia, or sedation. PMID:18348911

Slifer, Keith J; Avis, Kristin T; Frutchey, Robin A

2008-07-01

440

Ischemic stroke incidence in Santa Coloma de Gramenet (ISISCOG), Spain. A community-based study  

PubMed Central

Background In Spain, stroke is one of the major causes of death and the main cause of severe disability in people over 65 years. We analyzed the incidence of ischemic stroke, stroke subtypes, case fatality and disability at 90 days after the event in a Spanish population. Methods A prospective community-based register of ischemic strokes was established in Santa Coloma de Gramenet (Barcelona) [116,220 inhabitants of all ages, according to the municipal census of December 31,2001], from January 1 to December 31, 2003. Standard definitions and case finding methods were used to identify all cases in all age groups. Every patient underwent a complete clinical evaluation and systematic tests including neuroimaging (CT/MRI) and vascular studies (carotid duplex ultrasound intra and extracranial and MR angiography). Results Over a one year period, 196 ischemic strokes were registered [107 men; median age = 76 years (range 39–98)], being the first event in 159 patients (81.1%) and a recurrent stroke in 37 (18.9%). After age-adjustment to the European population, the incidence of ischemic stroke per 100,000 inhabitants was 172 (95% CI, 148–196); 219 (176–261) in men and 133 (105–160) in women, with an annual incidence for first ischemic stroke of 139 (118–161); 165 (128–201) in men and 115 (89–140) in women. The incidence of stroke increased with age. Stroke subtypes (TOAST classification criteria) were lacunar in 28.8%, atherothrombotic in 18.6%, cardioembolic in 26.6% and undetermined in 26.0% of patients. At 90 days, the case-fatality was 12%, and among survivors, moderate-to-severe disability was present in 45 % at 3 months. Conclusion This prospective community-based study shows one of the lowest incidences of stroke in Europe, as well as one of the lowest case fatality and disability rates at 90 days after stroke.

Alzamora, Maria Teresa; Sorribes, Marta; Heras, Antonio; Vila, Nicolas; Vicheto, Marisa; Fores, Rosa; Sanchez-Ojanguren, Jose; Sancho, Amparo; Pera, Guillem

2008-01-01

441

Feasibility of quantitative ultrasound measurement of the heel bone in people with intellectual disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Reduced mobility in case of motor impairment and the use of anti-epileptic drugs contribute to the development of low BMD. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement of the heel bone is a non-invasive and radiation-free method for measuring bone status that can be used outside the hospital.

S. Mergler; B. Löbker; H. M. Evenhuis; C. Penning

2010-01-01

442

Inclusive Instruction: Evidence-Based Practices for Teaching Students with Disabilities. What Works for Special-Needs Learners Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This accessible book presents research-based strategies for supporting K-8 students with high-incidence disabilities to become accomplished learners. The authors clearly describe the core components of effective inclusive instruction, showing how to recognize and respond to individual students' needs quickly and appropriately. Teachers are…

Brownell, Mary T.; Smith, Sean J.; Crockett, Jean B.; Griffin, Cynthia C.

2012-01-01

443

Towards Improving Medical Care for People with Intellectual Disability Living in the Community: Possibilities of Integrated Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Ongoing deinstitutionalization has resulted in several problems in medical care delivery to people with intellectual disability, such as an increased work- load for general practitioners (GPs) and a lack of active co-ordination and co-operation between healthcare pro- fessionals. A major consequence is the incidence of untreated yet treatable medical conditions. An integra- ted care approach may provide a means

D. E. M. C. Jansen; B. Krol; J. W. Groothoff; D. Post

2006-01-01

444

Ensuring Mobility-Supporting Environments for an Aging Population: Critical Actors and Collaborations  

PubMed Central

Successful aging takes on an array of attributes, including optimal health and community participation. Research indicates that (1) persons with disabilities, including age-related disabilities, report frequent barriers to community participation, including unsuitable building design (43%), transportation (32%), and sidewalks/curbs (31%), and (2) many seniors report an inability to cross roads safely near their homes. This paper attempts to define mobility-related elements that contribute to optimal health and quality of life, within the context of successful aging. It then examines the impacts of community design on individual mobility, delving into which traditional and nontraditional actors—including architects, urban planners, transportation engineers, occupational therapists, and housing authorities—play critical roles in ensuring that community environments serve as facilitators (rather than barriers) to mobility. As America ages, mobility challenges for seniors will only increase unless both traditional aging specialists and many nontraditional actors make a concerted effort to address the challenges.

Kochtitzky, Chris S.; Freeland, Amy L.; Yen, Irene H.

2011-01-01

445

Cognition in specific learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective : To compare the cognition abilities of children with specific learning disability (SpLD) viz. dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a with those of non-impaired children.Methods : The study group consisted of 95 newly diagnosed SpLD children (aged 9–14 years) and the control group consisted of 125\\u000a non-impaired children (aged 9–14 years). An academic achievement of two years below the actual grade

Sunil Karande; Sulaxna Sawant; Madhuri Kulkarni; Sandeep Kanchan; Rukhshana Sholapurwala

2005-01-01

446

Fruit flies and intellectual disability  

PubMed Central

Mental retardation—known more commonly nowadays as intellectual disability—is a severe neurological condition affecting up to 3% of the general population. As a result of the analysis of familial cases and recent advances in clinical genetic testing, great strides have been made in our understanding of the genetic etiologies of mental retardation. Nonetheless, no treatment is currently clinically available to patients suffering from intellectual disability. Several animal models have been used in the study of memory and cognition. Established paradigms in Drosophila have recently captured cognitive defects in fly mutants for orthologs of genes involved in human intellectual disability. We review here three protocols designed to understand the molecular genetic basis of learning and memory in Drosophila and the genes identified so far with relation to mental retardation. In addition, we explore the mental retardation genes for which evidence of neuronal dysfunction other than memory has been established in Drosophila. Finally, we summarize the findings in Drosophila for mental retardation genes for which no neuronal information is yet available. All in all, this review illustrates the impressive overlap between genes identified in human mental retardation and genes involved in physiological learning and memory.

Bolduc, Francois V.; Tully, Tim

2011-01-01

447

Prevalence and Correlates of Physical Disability and Functional Limitation among Elderly Rural Population in Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background. The number of people surviving into old age is increasing, and it has now become a global phenomenon. Studies on the prevalence and correlates of physical disability and functional limitation among elderly Nigerians are scanty. Methodology. This is a community-based cross-sectional study conducted in 3 local government areas (LGAs) in Nigeria, using a multistage sampling technique. Functional limitations of 1824 elderly persons were tested using Tinetti performance-oriented mobility assessment tool (TPOMAT) and self-reported activities of daily living (ADL). ADL disability of ten, six, and five basic items were compared. Results. The prevalence ratios (PRs) of physical disability using the ten, six, and five basic ADL items were 28.3 (95% CI 25.2–31. 5), 15.7 (95% CI 13.4–19.8), and 12.1 (95% CI 9.8–15.3), respectively, while functional limitation was 22.5 (95% CI 18.1–24.4). Increased risk of disability was independently associated with female gender PR 3.6 (95% CI 1.5–7.4), advanced age ?75 years; PR 22.2 (95% CI 14.5, 36.8), arthritis PR 3.7 (95% CI 2.6–4.6), stroke PR 4.8 (95% CI 3.7–7.9) and diabetes PR 6.1 (95% CI 4.3–7.1). Conclusions. The findings from this study are pointers to unmet needs of the elderly disabled Nigerians.

Abdulraheem, I. S.; Oladipo, A. R.; Amodu, M. O.

2011-01-01

448

Mobile Router Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cisco Systems and NASA have been performing joint research on mobile routing technology under a NASA Space Act Agreement. Cisco developed mobile router technology and provided that technology to NASA for applications to aeronautic and space-based missions. NASA has performed stringent performance testing of the mobile router, including the interaction of routing and transport-level protocols. This paper describes mobile routing, the mobile router, and some key configuration parameters. In addition, the paper describes the mobile routing test network and test results documenting the performance of transport protocols in dynamic routing environments.

Ivancic, William D.; Stewart, David H.; Bell, Terry L.; Kachmar, Brian A.; Shell, Dan; Leung, Kent

2002-01-01

449

The Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Homelessness in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the relationship between learning disabilities (LD) and homelessness. Research describing the connection between disabilities and homelessness has focused on individuals presenting with disabilities such as mental illness, physical disabilities, medical disabilities, or substance abuse. At this time, the presence of LD in…

Markos, Patricia A.; Strawser, Sherri

2004-01-01

450

Personality disorder and offending in people with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the literature on personality disorder in offenders with learning disabilities, using Medline, PsychoInfo and CINAHL databases, and search terms ‘offending’, ‘personality disorder and intellectual disabilities’, ‘learning disabilities’ and related terms. Methods of defining offending population, personality disorder and learning disabilities vary greatly, and few studies focus specifically on personality disorder, learning disability and offending. The definition of

Jenny Torr

2008-01-01

451

Exploring the Hierarchy of Mobility Performance in High-Functioning Older Women  

PubMed Central

Background Preventing mobility disability depends on matching interventions to individual needs. The purpose of this study is to improve targeting by determining whether mobility performance is associated with, and predicts, mobility disability hierarchically. The hypothesis is that poorer performance tested by more demanding tasks is more strongly associated with current and future mobility “limitation” (self-reported task modification or difficulty) than is that tested by less demanding tasks, in a graded manner. Methods Data come from the Women’s Health and Aging Study II (n = 436) at baseline and at 36-month follow-up. Logistic and multinomial regression models examined associations between performance on mobility tests and reported limitation in walking one-half mile, adjusting for risk factors for disability. Results We found that 76.6% of prevalent and 88.4% of new-onset self-reported limitation fit within the hypothesized hierarchical pattern. The estimated strength of association between a decrement in lower extremity performance and reported limitation increased with task demand for the primary outcome, reported limitation in walking one-half mile. For example, the odds ratios for prevalent report of walking limitation, versus no limitation, for 10% lower performance walking, dressing, repeating chair stands, and climbing, respectively, were 1.05 (95% confidence interval, 0.97–1.17), 1.08 (1.00–1.16), 1.15 (1.06–1.25), and 1.22 (1.12–1.33). Conclusions This study partially supports the hypothesis that mobility performance tends to follow a hierarchical pattern. For studying mild mobility disability, walking speed may not be as useful as more demanding tests. Identifying declines in performance through more demanding tests such as climbing should improve the ability to target preventive interventions to individuals at risk of mild mobility decline within a high-functioning population.

Weiss, Carlos O.; Fried, Linda P.; Bandeen-Roche, Karen

2009-01-01

452

Does Visual Impairment Affect Mobility Over Time? The Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To determine if the odds of mobility disability increases at a different rate among visually impaired (VI) as compared with nonvisually impaired (NVI) over an 8-year period. Methods. A total of 2520 Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study participants were followed 2, 6, and 8 years after baseline. VI was defined as best-corrected visual acuity worse than 20/40, or visual field of approximately less than 20°. Self-reported difficulty with three tasks was assessed at each visit: walking up 10 steps, walking down 10 steps, and walking 150 feet. Generalized estimating equation models included a 6-year spline, and explored differences in mobility difficulty trajectories by including an interaction between VI status and the spline terms. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) compared mobility difficulty for each task by VI status. Results. At baseline, the VI were significantly more likely to report difficulty mobility tasks than the NVI (ORdifficultywalkingup10steps = 1.37, CI: 1.02–1.80; ORdifficultywalkingdown10steps = 1.55, CI: 1.16–2.08; ORdifficultywalking150feet = 1.50, CI: 1.10–2.04). The trajectory of mobility disability did not differ by VI status from baseline to the 6-year visit. However, the difference between the VI and NVI declined at the 8-year visit, which may be due to loss of VI participants at risk of developing mobility difficulty. Conclusions. The VI were more likely to report mobility disability than the NVI, but the trajectory of mobility disability was not steeper among the VI as compared to the NVI over the study period.

Swenor, Bonnielin K.; Munoz, Beatriz; West, Sheila K.

2013-01-01

453

Visual Disabilities in Children Including Childhood Blindness  

PubMed Central

We should address visual disabilities in children instead of only the childhood blindness. Diseases related to nutritional, communicable diseases should be addressed through strategies for achieving ‘Millennium Development Goals’. Facilities in African countries and countries with populations like India and China must be strengthened to address curable/preventable visual disabilities in children. Even though all efforts are done to strengthen, we will have 0.93 million blind children by 2020. Role of family physicians and paediatricians in trans-disciplinary approach to address visual disabilities in children is very crucial. If rational distribution of skilled human resource is not planned visual disabilities will not reduce effectively. Rehabilitation of visually disabled children should be integral part of addressing childhood blindness. All stakeholders including parents of children with visual disabilities should work together to achieve the goals.

Khandekar, Rajiv

2008-01-01

454

20 CFR 416.1417 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officer's reconsidered determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

20 Employees' Benefits 2...Section 416.1417 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL...AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Determinations...determined that you are engaging in substantial...are therefore not disabled; or (3)...

2009-04-01

455

20 CFR 416.1417 - Disability hearing-disability hearing officer's reconsidered determination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

20 Employees' Benefits 2...Section 416.1417 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL...AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Determinations...determined that you are engaging in substantial...are therefore not disabled; or (3)...

2010-04-01

456

Incidence of schizophrenia in Surinam  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than one-third of the population of Surinam has migrated to The Netherlands in the 1970s and 1980s. If selective migration explains the increased incidence in these migrants, one expects to find a very low incidence of the disorder in Surinam. We examined the medical records of the sole psychiatric hospital in Surinam and found that the mean annual rate

Mahinder Hanoeman; Jean-Paul Selten; René S. Kahn

2002-01-01

457

Gone Mobile? (Mobile Libraries Survey 2010)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians, like patrons and researchers, are caught between traditional library service models and the promise of evolving information technologies. In recent years, professional conferences have strategically featured programs and presentations geared toward building a mobile agenda and adapting or adopting services to meet new demands of mobile

Thomas, Lisa Carlucci

2010-01-01

458

Mobile Agents and Java Mobile Agents Toolkits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an overview of what the mobile agents are, what they should do and how they can be implemented in Java. Why Java? The choice to concentrate on Java is evoked by many existing solutions in Java that handles architectural heterogeneity between communicating machines on the net. It seems to be the best available language for making mobile

Damir Horvat; Dragana Cvetkovi?; Veljko Milutinovi?; Petar Ko?ovi?; Vlada Kova?evi?

2001-01-01

459

Mobile Agents and Java Mobile Agents Toolkits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an overview of what mobile agents are, what they should do, and how they can be implemented in Java. Why Java? The choice to concentrate on Java is evoked by many existing solutions in Java that handles architectural heterogeneity between communicating machines on the net. It seems to be the best available language for making mobile agents

Damir Horvat; Dragana Cvetkovic; Veljko M. Milutinovic; P. Kocovic; V. Kovacevic

2000-01-01

460

Stennis Space Center observes Disability Awareness Day  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Members of STARC, a non-profit organization in Slidell, La., that seeks to help people with disabilities lead meaningful, productive lives, pose with their appreciation awards during Disability Awareness Day at Stennis Space Center on Oct. 15. The group members received appreciation awards for their dedicated service to the rocket engine testing facility. Disability Awareness Day was hosted by the Stennis Diversity Council and included guest speakers from several area agencies.

2009-01-01

461

Virtual reality for physically disabled people.  

PubMed

This paper demonstrates how physically disabled people can benefit from the innovative virtual reality techniques. Several specific examples show the applicability of virtual reality to the therapy and rehabilitation of people with various disabilities. In addition, the paper describes how physicians can use virtual reality as an advanced visualization tool for the diagnosis of physical disabilities. Finally, possible display techniques and input devices for diagnosis and rehabilitation purposes are discussed briefly. PMID:7554838

Kuhlen, T; Dohle, C

1995-03-01

462

Impact of Mainstreaming and Disability Visibility on Social Representations of Disability and Otherness Held by Junior High School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to gauge the impact of integrating pupils with disabilities in ordinary schools on the social representations of disability and otherness held by their classmates. In particular, we studied the effects of the disability's visibility--a visible disability (i.e., cerebral palsy) versus a non-visible disability (i.e.,…

Harma, Kahina; Gombert, Anne; Roussey, Jean-Yves

2013-01-01

463

Relationships of Disability with Age Among Adults Aged 50 to 85: Evidence from the United States, England and Continental Europe  

PubMed Central

Objectives To extend existing research on the US health disadvantage relative to Europe by studying the relationships of disability with age from midlife to old age in the US and four European regions (England/Northern and Western Europe/Southern Europe/Eastern Europe) including their wealth-related differences, using a flexible statistical approach to model the age-functions. Methods We used data from three studies on aging, with nationally representative samples of adults aged 50 to 85 from 15 countries (N?=?48225): the US-American Health and Retirement Study (HRS), the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Outcomes were mobility limitations and limitations in instrumental activities of daily living. We applied fractional polynomials of age to determine best fitting functional forms for age on disability in each region, while controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and important risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, physical inactivity). Results Findings showed high levels of disability in the US with small age-related changes between 50 and 85. Levels of disability were generally lower in Eastern Europe, followed by England and Southern Europe and lowest in Northern and Western Europe. In these latter countries age-related increases of disability, though, were steeper than in the US, especially in Eastern and Southern Europe. For all countries and at all ages, disability levels were higher among adults with low wealth compared to those with high wealth, with largest wealth-related differences among those in early old age in the USA. Conclusions This paper illustrates considerable variations of disability and its relationship with age. It supports the hypothesis that less developed social policies and more pronounced socioeconomic inequalities are related to higher levels of disability and an earlier onset of disability.

Wahrendorf, Morten; Reinhardt, Jan D.; Siegrist, Johannes

2013-01-01

464

Complexities in identifying and defining mathematics learning disability in the primary school-age years  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a descriptive report of findings from a prospective longitudinal study of math disability (MD). The study was\\u000a designed to address the incidence of MD during primary school, the utility of different MD definitions, and evidence of MD\\u000a subtypes. The results illustrate the dynamic properties of psychometrically derived definitions of MD. Different groups of\\u000a children meet criteria for

Michèle M. M. Mazzocco; Gwen F. Myers

2003-01-01

465

Low back pain disability and stay at work: contradiction or necessity?  

PubMed

The incidence of occupational diseases in the population is high and factors such as long working hours, poor posture, psychological and physical stress can contribute to its development. Among work-related musculoskeletal disorders, back pain has a high prevalence. The aim of the present study was to quantify and characterize pain complaints and to identify individuals with low back pain, in order to assess the degree of disability. Participated 226 employees of an institution of higher education. They answered a general questionnaire about location and quantification of pain complaints visual analog scale for pain and the Quebec Disability Questionnaire. Of all the workers, 69.60% had some type of musculoskeletal complaint; of those, 15.41% had low back pain. Considering workers who had back pain, 54.9% were female, 52.94% are under 30 years old and 43.14% between 1 and 5 years of work. As for the final score for the degree of disability, 41.17% had minimal disability and 37.25% moderate disability. The present study found large number of pain complaints and high prevalence of low back pain, resulting in individual's inability and difficulties in performing work activities. PMID:22317079

Padula, Rosimeire Simprini; Carregaro, Rodrigo Luiz; Melo, Bruna; da Silva, Cláudia Regina; Oliveira, Ana Beatriz

2012-01-01

466

Childhood disability: ordinary lives for extraordinary families.  

PubMed

Government reports, campaigning groups and parents all value the goal that families with disabled children should live 'ordinary lives'. Yet evidence of the impact of childhood disability on finances, housing, relationships, family life and mental health all points to barriers that families face to achieving this. With numbers of disabled children rising significantly, increasing numbers of families are living with disabled children and experiencing a life that feels very far from ordinary. Support services, both within health and the local authority, may use a medical model of disability that fails to acknowledge some of these challenges. This paper aims to raise awareness of some of the issues faced by families with disabled children and argues for a more holistic, social model of disability that takes account of the needs of the whole family when considering support needs, not only the needs of the disabled child.This has the potential to reduce the social and practical cost of supporting disabled children, improve outcomes for the whole family, and enable families to enjoy their children within a family life that feels something much closer to'ordinary'. PMID:20441096

Heywood, Janet

2010-04-01

467

Psychosocial aspects of disabling musculoskeletal pain.  

PubMed

Psychosocial factors are important determinants of pain intensity and disability in patients with disabling musculoskeletal pain. The psychosocial aspects of disabling musculoskeletal pain include cognitive (e.g., beliefs, expectations, and coping style), affective (e.g., depression, pain anxiety, heightened concern about illness, and anger), behavioral (e.g., avoidance), social (e.g., secondary gain), and cultural factors. The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy and other treatments that address the psychosocial aspects of disabling musculoskeletal pain has been confirmed in numerous high-quality studies. PMID:19651964

Vranceanu, Ana-Maria; Barsky, Arthur; Ring, David

2009-08-01

468

The learning-disabled medical student.  

PubMed

Developmental pediatricians are being consulted by medical school promotion committees with regard to the course of action to be taken with learning-disabled medical students experiencing academic difficulties. Faculty attitude, a difficulty understanding the nature of learning disabilities, appears to be a major contributor to poor medical school performance on the part of learning-disabled adults. Utilizing the sequential-simultaneous information processing model as a simplified introduction to learning disability patterns, the authors argue that recommending intensive remediation of rote spelling and writing skills in students engaged in graduate education represents both a waste of time and a further emotional trauma to these young professionals. PMID:2808719

Accardo, P; Haake, C; Whitman, B

1989-10-01

469

Protective effects of social networks on disability among older adults in Spain.  

PubMed

The loss of autonomy at advanced ages is not only associated with ageing, but also with the characteristics of the physical and social environment. Recent investigations have shown that social networks, social engagement and participation act like predictors of disability among the elderly. The aim of this study is to determine whether social networks are related to the development and progression of disability in the early years of old age. The source of data is the first wave of the survey "Processes of Vulnerability among Spanish Elderly", carried out in 2005 to a sample of 1244 individuals. The population object of study is the cohort aged 70-74 years in metropolitan areas (Madrid and Barcelona) and not institutionalized. Disability is measured by the development of basic activities of daily life (ADL), and instrumental activities of daily life (IADL). The structural aspects of the social relationships are measured through the diversity of social networks and participation. We used the social network index (SNI). For each point over the SNI, the risk of developing any type of disability decreased by 49% (HR=0.51, 95%CI=0.31-0.82). The SNI was a decisive factor in all forecasting models constructed with some hazard ratios (HR) that ranged from 0.29 (95%CI=0.14-0.59) in the first model to 0.43 (95%CI 0.20-0.90) in the full model. The results of the present study showed a strong association between an active social life, emotional support provided by friends and confidents and disability. These findings suggest a protective effect of social networks on disability. Also, these results indicate that some family and emotional ties have a significant effect on both the prevalence and the incidence of disability. PMID:21353317

Escobar-Bravo, Miguel-Ángel; Puga-González, Dolores; Martín-Baranera, Monserrat

2012-01-01

470

Tandem mobile robot system  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle system for terrain navigation mobility provides a way to climb stairs, cross crevices, and navigate across difficult terrain by coupling two or more mobile robots with a coupling device and controlling the robots cooperatively in tandem.

Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01

471

Ion mobility sensor system  

DOEpatents

An ion mobility sensor system including an ion mobility spectrometer and a differential mobility spectrometer coupled to the ion mobility spectrometer. The ion mobility spectrometer has a first chamber having first end and a second end extending along a first direction, and a first electrode system that generates a constant electric field parallel to the first direction. The differential mobility spectrometer includes a second chamber having a third end and a fourth end configured such that a fluid may flow in a second direction from the third end to the fourth end, and a second electrode system that generates an asymmetric electric field within an interior of the second chamber. Additionally, the ion mobility spectrometer and the differential mobility spectrometer form an interface region. Also, the first end and the third end are positioned facing one another so that the constant electric field enters the third end and overlaps the fluid flowing in the second direction.

Xu, Jun; Watson, David B.; Whitten, William B.

2013-01-22

472

Intelligent Mobility Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents activities to develop and equip a laboratory for robot mobility research and development. The laboratory includes mobile robots, testing systems, instrumentation, analysis tools, as well as test and analysis procedures. Robot mobilit...

G. Witus

2006-01-01

473

Make a Mobile!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners make mobiles to explore the concepts of balance, counterbalance, weight, and counterweight. Learners are encouraged to work in groups or with their families to create balanced mobiles using a variety of materials of varying weights.

Museum, Chicago C.

2010-01-01

474

Mobile Internet Protocol Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mobile Internet Protocol (IP) is a proposed standard that builds on the current Internet Protocol by making the fact that a user is mobile transparent to applications and higher level protocols such as Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram...

L. J. Brachfeld

1999-01-01

475

Customizing Mobile Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The dynamics of mobile systems require applications to intelligently adapt to changes in system configurations and to their environment. The authors describe a workplace in which users interact with a number of stationary and mobile systems through the co...

B. N. Schilit M. M. Theimer B. B. Welch

1993-01-01

476

Mobility, risk behavior and HIV\\/STI rates among female sex workers in Kaiyuan City, Yunnan Province, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The mobility of female sex workers (FSWs) is a factor in the geographic spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study describes FSW mobility patterns in a high risk area of China to identify factors associated with increased mobility, and to study the incidence and prevalence of HIV\\/STIs in this group. METHODS: 270

Haibo Wang; Ray Y Chen; Gerald B Sharp; Katherine Brown; Kumi Smith; Guowei Ding; Xia Jin; Junjie Xu; Ruiling Dong; Ning Wang

2010-01-01

477

Willingness to Engage in Personal Relationships with Persons with Disabilities: Examining Category and Severity of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the willingness of persons without disabilities (PWODs) to engage in personal relationships with persons with disabilities (PWDs). Participants (N = 305) were primarily female Hispanic students (91%) preparing for careers in the helping professions. The "Relationships and Disability Survey" assessed the effect of the category…

Miller, Eva; Chen, Roy; Glover-Graf, Noreen M.; Kranz, Peter

2009-01-01

478

Best Practices for Practitioners in Autism, Intellectual Disability, and Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On January 23-25, 2013, the Council for Exceptional Children Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities (DADD) sponsored its Fourteenth International Conference: Research to Practice in Autism, Intellectual Disability and Developmental Disabilities. The conference was held at the Sheraton Kona Resort at Keauhou Bay, Hawaii. The DADD Board…

Zucker, Stanley H.; Perras, Cindy; Perner, Darlene E.; Murdick, Nikki

2013-01-01

479

Human Rehabilitation Techniques. Disability Analyses: Motor Disabilities. Volume II, Part A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume II, Section A of a six-volume final report (which covers the findings of a research project on policy and technology related to rehabilitation of disabled individuals) presents a review of literature on three types of motor disabilities--stroke, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy. Individual chapters on each disability cover the…

Sigelman, C.; And Others

480

78 FR 2919 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services proposes a priority under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program administered by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). Specifically, this notice proposes a priority for a Disability and Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP) on inclusive Cloud and Web......

2013-01-15

481

Recognising the Needs of Every Disabled Child: The Development of Tools for a Disability Census  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Equality Act 2010 further enshrines the duties on organisations set out in the Disability Discrimination Act 2005 to safeguard the rights of vulnerable children. However, disability is a complex phenomenon, which makes the collection of data, and the subsequent identification of children who might be classed as disabled, problematic. This…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

482

Stigma as a barrier to employment: Mental disability and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a controversial expansion of workplace civil rights, the 1990 Americans with Disability Act (ADA) extended anti-discrimination protection to individuals with “mental impairments.” One of the most critical barriers to the employment of individuals with mental disabilities is the degree of social stigma such disabilities incur, and there is compelling evidence that employers have stigmatizing attitudes and have discriminated against

Teresa L. Scheid

2005-01-01

483

Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act: Employer and Recruiter Attitudes toward Individuals with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 69 employers and 31 recruiters compared attitudes of those who had prior contact with individuals with disabilities with those without prior contact. Results indicate that four variables influence acceptance of the Americans with Disabilities Act: (1) type of activity; (2) educational level; (3) number of disabled employees; and (4)…

Walters, Sharon E.; Baker, Clora Mae

1996-01-01

484

An African-American Woman with Disabilities: The Intersection of Gender, Race and Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the educational experiences of an African-American adult woman with disabilities. The intersections of gender, race and disability are theorized through the lenses of disability, feminist and critical theory. Specifically, I address the following three questions. What are the experiences of an African-American woman…

Petersen, Amy

2006-01-01

485

Working Memory in Children with Reading Disabilities and/or Mathematical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary school children with reading disabilities (RD; "n" = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD; "n" = 22), or combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD+MD; "n" = 28) were compared to average achieving (AA; "n" = 45) peers on working memory measures. On all working memory components, 2 (RD vs. no…

De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

2013-01-01

486

Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

2012-01-01

487

Mobile Agent Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile agents are a u seful paradigm - other than a useful t echnology - for the development of complex Internet applications. However, the effective development of mobile agent applications r equires s uitable models and infrastructures. This paper proposes an organizational approach to the high-level design o f mobile agent applications. The idea is to models the Internet as

Giacomo Cabri; Letizia Leonardi; Marco Mamei; Franco Zambonelli

2001-01-01

488