Sample records for incident mobility disability

  1. Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty

    PubMed Central

    Clark, Cheryl R; Kawachi, Ichiro; Ryan, Louise; Ertel, Karen; Fay, Martha E; Berkman, Lisa F

    2009-01-01

    Background We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 – 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards. Methods We conducted the study in the New Haven Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (EPESE), a longitudinal cohort study of community-dwelling elders aged 65 and older who were residents of New Haven, Connecticut in 1982. Elders were interviewed beginning in 1982 to assess mobility (ability to climb stairs and walk a half mile), perceptions of their neighborhood safety due to crime, annual household income, lifestyle characteristics (smoking, alcohol use, physical activity), and the presence of chronic co-morbid conditions. Additionally, we collected baseline data on neighborhood crime events from the New Haven Register newspaper in 1982 to measure local area crime rates at the census tract level. Results At baseline in 1982, 1,884 elders were without mobility disability. After 8 years of follow-up, perceiving safety hazards was associated with increased risk of mobility disability among elders at retirement age whose incomes were below the federal poverty line (HR 1.56, 95% CI 1.02 – 2.37). No effect of perceived safety hazards was found among elders at retirement age whose incomes were above the poverty line. No effect of living in neighborhoods with high crime rates (measured by newspaper reports) was found in any sub-group. Conclusion Perceiving a safety hazard due to neighborhood crime was associated with increased risk of incident mobility disability among impoverished elders near retirement age. Consistent with prior literature, retirement age appears to be a vulnerable period with respect to the effect of neighborhood conditions on elder health. Community violence prevention activities should address perceived safety among vulnerable populations, such as low-income elders at retirement age, to reduce future risks of mobility disability. PMID:19476610

  2. Sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability in middle-aged and older adults

    PubMed Central

    Deshpande, Nandini; Metter, Jeffrey E.; Guralnik, Jack; Bandinelli, Stefania; Ferrucci, Luigi

    2014-01-01

    Objective: to identify sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability. Design: prospective. Setting: population-based sample of community-dwelling older persons. Participants: community-living middle-aged and older persons (age: 50–85 years) without baseline mobility disability (n = 622). Measurements: mobility disability, defined as self-reported inability to walk a quarter mile without resting or inability to walk up a flight of stairs unsupported, was ascertained at baseline and 3-year follow-up. Potential baseline determinant characteristics included demographics, education, social support, financial condition, knee extensor strength, visual contrast sensitivity, cognition, depression, presence of chronic conditions and history of falls. Results: a total of 13.5% participant reported 3-year incident mobility disability. Age ?75 years, female sex, knee extensor strength in the lowest quartile, visual contrast sensitivity <1.7 on the Pelli-Robson chart or significant depressive symptoms (CESD score >16) were independent determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability (ORs 1.84–16.51). Conclusions: low visual contrast sensitivity, poor knee extensor strength and significant depressive symptoms are independent determinants of future onset of mobility disability. PMID:24042004

  3. Designing a Mobile Survey Application for People with Cognitive Disabilities

    E-print Network

    McCrickard, Scott

    . The community of researchers developing technologies for people with cognitive disabilities has begun to create.g., [3]). In our development effort, researchers investigating cognitive disabilities enlighten to develop a mobile questionnaire application for people with moderate to severe cognitive disabilities

  4. Brief Report: A Growth Mixture Model of Occupational Aspirations of Individuals with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, In Heok; Rojewski, Jay W.

    2013-01-01

    A previous longitudinal study of the occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities revealed multiple longitudinal patterns for individuals with learning disabilities or emotional-behavioral disorders. Growth mixture modeling was used to determine whether individuals in these two high-incidence disabilities groups (N =…

  5. Pain Characteristics Associated With the Onset of Disability in Older Adults: The MOBILIZE Boston Study

    PubMed Central

    Eggermont, Laura H.P.; Leveille, Suzanne G.; Shi, Ling; Kiely, Dan K.; Shmerling, Robert H.; Jones, Rich N.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Bean, Jonathan F.

    2014-01-01

    Background/Objectives To determine the effects of chronic pain on the development of disability and decline in physical performance over time among older adults. Design Longitudinal cohort study with 18 months follow-up. Setting Urban/suburban communities Participants 634 community-dwelling older adults aged >64 years. Measurements Chronic pain assessment consisted of musculoskeletal pain locations, and pain severity and pain interference by subscales of the Brief Pain Inventory. Disability was self-reported as any difficulty in mobility and basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL, IADL). Mobility performance was measured using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Relationships between baseline pain and incident disability in 18 months were determined using risk ratios (RRs) from multivariable Poisson regression models. Results Almost 65% of participants reported chronic musculoskeletal pain at baseline. New onset of mobility difficulty at 18-months was strongly associated with baseline pain distribution: 7% (no sites), 18% (1 site), 24% (multisite) and 39% (widespread pain, p-value for trend <0.001). Similar graded effects were found for other disability measures. Elders with multisite or widespread pain had at least a three-fold increased risk for onset of mobility difficulty compared to their peers without pain after adjusting for disability risk factors (multisite pain: RR=2.95, 95%CI, 1.58–5.50; widespread pain: RR=3.57, 95%CI, 1.71–7.48). Widespread pain contributed to decline in mobility performance (1 point decline in SPPB, RR=1.47, 95%CI, 1.08–2.01). Similar associations were found for baseline pain interference predicting subsequent mobility decline and (I)ADL disability. Weaker and less consistent associations were observed with pain severity. Conclusion Older community-dwelling adults living with chronic pain in multiple musculoskeletal locations have a substantial increased risk for developing disability over time and for clinically meaningful decline in mobility performance. PMID:24823985

  6. Purpose in Life is Associated with a Reduced Risk of Incident Disability Among Community-Dwelling Older Persons

    PubMed Central

    Boyle, P.A.; Buchman, A.S.; Bennett, D.A.

    2010-01-01

    Background Purpose in life is thought to be associated with positive health outcomes in old age, but its association with disability is unknown. Objective Test the hypothesis that greater purpose in life is associated with a reduced risk of incident disability, including impairment in basic and instrumental activities of daily living and mobility disability, among community-based older persons free of dementia. Design Participants were from the Rush Memory and Aging Project, a large longitudinal clinical-pathologic study of aging. Setting Retirement communities, senior housing facilities, and homes across the greater Chicago metropolitan area. Measurements All participants underwent baseline assessment of purpose in life and detailed annual clinical evaluations to document incident disability. Results The mean score on the purpose in life measure at baseline was 3.6 (SD=0.5, range: 2 to 5). In a series of proportional hazards models adjusted for age, sex, and education, greater purpose in life was associated with a reduced risk of disability in basic activities of daily living (HR=0.60, 95% CI 0.45, 0.81), instrumental activities of daily living (HR=0.56; 95% CI 0.40, 0.78), and mobility disability (HR=0.61, 95% CI 0.44, 0.84). These associations did not vary along demographic lines and persisted after the addition of terms to control for global cognition, depressive symptoms, social networks, neuroticism, income, physical frailty, vascular risk factors, and vascular diseases. Conclusions Among community-based older persons without dementia, greater purpose in life is associated with maintenance of functional status, including a reduced risk of developing impairment in basic and instrumental activities of daily living and mobility disability. PMID:20808115

  7. AUTHOR INFORMATION PAGE Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 AUTHOR INFORMATION PAGE Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older community;3 TITLE PAGE Full Title: Disability predicts fatal but not non-fatal coronary heart disease in community-dwelling elderly. The Three-City Study. Cover title: Disability and coronary heart disease in the elderly. Table 1

  8. Mathematics Placement Decisions for High School Students with High Incidence Disabilities: A Collective Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murzyn, Amy Lee

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this multiple case study is to describe the experiences of case managers making mathematics placement decisions of high school students with high incidence disabilities. There is much information about what should be happening when making mathematics placement decisions of high school students with high incidence disabilities, but…

  9. Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mansha Mirza

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

  10. Prospective Analyses of Childhood Factors and Antisocial Behavior for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chin-Chih; Symons, Frank J.; Reynolds, Arthur J.

    2011-01-01

    This prospective longitudinal study investigated the association between childhood factors (individual, family, and school characteristics) and later antisocial behavior (official juvenile delinquency and adult crime) for students identified with high-incidence disabilities (i.e., learning disabilities, emotional disturbance). The sample consisted…

  11. The Prevalence and Incidence of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melville, Craig A.; Cooper, Sally-Ann; Morrison, Jill; Smiley, Elita; Allan, Linda; Jackson, Alison; Finlayson, Janet; Mantry, Dipali

    2008-01-01

    The prevalence, and incidence, of mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities and autism were compared with the whole population with intellectual disabilities, and with controls, matched individually for age, gender, ability-level, and Down syndrome. Although the adults with autism had a higher point prevalence of problem…

  12. The Incidence and Prevalence of Developmental Disabilities in Iowa. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashbaugh, John W.; Agosta, John M.

    The study reports on the incidence and prevalence of developmental disabilities in Iowa, in conjunction with estimates of the needs of individuals with developmental disabilities and their demand for services. An introductory section outlines the organization of the report and distinguishes among three types of demand for services: potential…

  13. Effect of structured physical activity on prevention of major mobility disability in older adults: the LIFE Study randomized clinical trial

    PubMed Central

    Pahor, Marco; Guralnik, Jack M.; Ambrosius, Walter T.; Blair, Steven; Bonds, Denise E.; Church, Timothy S.; Espeland, Mark A.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Groessl, Erik J.; King, Abby C.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Manini, Todd M.; McDermott, Mary M.; Miller, Michael E.; Newman, Anne B.; Rejeski, W Jack; Sink, Kaycee M.; Williamson, Jeff D.

    2014-01-01

    SUMMARY Importance In older adults reduced mobility is common and is an independent risk factor for morbidity, hospitalization, disability, and mortality. Limited evidence suggests that physical activity may help prevent mobility disability; however, there are no definitive clinical trials examining if physical activity prevents or delays mobility disability. Objective To test the hypothesis that a long-term structured physical activity program is more effective than a health education program (also referred to as a successful aging program) in reducing the risk of major mobility disability. Design, Setting, and Participants The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study was a multicenter, randomized trial that enrolled participants between February 2010 and December 2011, who participated for an average of 2.6 years. Follow-up ended in December 2013. Outcome assessors were blinded to the intervention assignment. Participants were recruited from urban, suburban and rural communities at 8 field centers throughout the US. We randomized a volunteer sample of 1,635 sedentary men and women aged 70–89 years who had physical limitations, defined as a score on the Short Physical Performance Battery of 9 or below, but were able to walk 400 m. Interventions Participants were randomized to a structured moderate intensity physical activity program (n=818) done in a center and at home that included including aerobic, resistance and flexibility training activities or to a health education program (n=817) consisting of workshops on topics relevant to older adults and upper extremity stretching exercises. Main Outcomes and Measures The primary outcome was major mobility disability objectively defined by loss of ability to walk 400 m. Results Incident major mobility disability occurred in 30.1% (n=246/818) of physical activity and 35.5% (n=290/817) of health education participants (HR=0.82, 95%CI=0.69–0.98, p=0.03). Persistent mobility disability was experienced by 120/818 (14.7%) physical activity and 162/817 (19.8%) health education participants (HR=0.72; 95%CI=0.57–0.91; p=0.006). Serious adverse events were reported by 404/818 (49.4%) of the physical activity and 373/817 (45.7%) of the health education participants (Risk Ratio=1.08; 95%CI=0.98–1.20). Conclusions and Relevance A structured moderate intensity physical activity program, compared with a health education program, reduced major mobility disability over 2.6 years among older adults at risk of disability. These findings suggest mobility benefit from such a program in vulnerable older adults. Registration ClinicalsTrials.gov identifier NCT01072500. PMID:24866862

  14. Handgrip strength predicts incident disability in non-disabled older men

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simona Giampaoli; L Uigi Ferrucci; F Rancesca Cecchi; C Inzia Lo Noce; A Gata Poce; FRANCESCO DIMA; A UGUSTO SANTAQUILANI; M ARIA FENICIA VESCIO; A LESSANDRO MENOTTI

    1999-01-01

    Abstract Objectives: to verify if hand-grip performance,in older men,is a predictor of disability. Design: population-based prospective,study. Setting: a sample from the Italian rural cohorts of the FINE study (Finland, Italy, Netherlands Elderly), representative of the general population,of elderly men,surveyed,in 1991 and 1995. Participants: 140 men aged 71?91 years who reported no disability in performing activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental

  15. Development Patterns of Occupational Aspirations in Adolescents with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rojewski, Jay W.; Lee, In Heok; Gregg, Noel; Gemici, Sinan

    2012-01-01

    This study analyzed the longitudinal development of occupational aspiration prestige scores over a 12-year period (Grade 8 to 8 years postsecondary) to better understand this aspect of career choice from adolescence into adulthood for people with high-incidence disabilities. A curvilinear trajectory was detected where aspirations increased during…

  16. The Use of Clickers in Secondary Education Math with Students with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Jeremy Ryan

    2012-01-01

    A single-subject withdrawal design paired with content quizzes was used to examine the effect of clickers on three dependent variables (student engagement, math quiz scores, and inappropriate behavior) with students diagnosed with high-incidence disabilities in a secondary grade level resource math class and a secondary grade level inclusive math…

  17. Incidence and Trends in Psychopathology Symptoms over Time in Adults with Severe to Profound Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horovitz, Max; Matson, Johnny L.; Sipes, Megan; Shoemaker, Mary; Belva, Brian; Bamburg, Jay W.

    2011-01-01

    Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have a high risk for developing comorbid psychopathology. While researchers have shown that symptoms of psychopathology remain relatively stable in children with ID over time, little research has been conducted to demonstrate symptom stability for adults with ID. Incidence of psychopathology symptoms…

  18. Factors Related to Hysterectomy in Women with Physical and Mobility Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsieh, Molly; Chen, Si-Fan; Wu, Chia-Ling; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Jin-Ding

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to identify self-report data for hysterectomy prevalence and to explore its correlated factors among women with physical and mobility disabilities in Taiwan. This paper was part of a larger study, "Survey on Preventive Health Utilizations of People with Physical and Mobility Disability in Taiwan," which is a cross-sectional survey…

  19. J Am Geriatr Soc . Author manuscript Disability and incident coronary heart disease in older community-dwelling

    E-print Network

    J Am Geriatr Soc . Author manuscript Page /1 11 Disability and incident coronary heart disease & numerical data ; Female ; France ; epidemiology ; Geriatric Assessment ; Hospitalization ; statistics in the elderly J Am Geriatr Soc . Author

  20. Mobile arm for disabled people assistance Manipulability measure for redundancy solve

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for the user to pilot the displacement of the mobile base as in manual mode but with a security given1 Mobile arm for disabled people assistance Manipulability measure for redundancy solve KHIAR NAIT The addition of a mobile platform to a 6-DOF arm raises the question of the exploitation of redundancy

  1. Physical Mobility Limitations in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleaver, S.; Hunter, D.; Ouellette-Kuntz, H.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Mobility limitations increase with age in the general population. Despite a growing population of older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), mobility is rarely studied in the ID literature. The specific aim of this study was to identify and summarise primary literature investigating mobility limitations in adults with ID.…

  2. Online Reading Comprehension among Seventh Grade Students with High Incidence Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: A Mixed Methods Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Katherine R.

    2010-01-01

    Because research exploring how students with disabilities read and comprehend on the Internet is scarce, a mixed methods study was implemented to determine if Internet Reciprocal Teaching (IRT) is an effective intervention for improving online reading comprehension among seventh grade students with high-incidence disabilities in inclusive…

  3. Mobile Arm for Disabled People Assistance Manipulability Analysis Khiar NAIT-CHABANE, Philippe HOPPENOT, Etienne COLLE

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Mobile Arm for Disabled People Assistance ­ Manipulability Analysis Khiar NAIT-CHABANE, Philippe or vocational activities. The principle consists in using a manipulator arm like a robotized assistant between the disabled person and her environment. Different arm configurations have been proposed. The first one

  4. The Prevalence and Severity of Physical Mobility Limitations in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleaver, Shaun; Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Hunter, Duncan

    2009-01-01

    Background: The population of older adults with intellectual disabilities is growing, creating new challenges for individuals, families and service providers. Although there has been increased research into the ageing process for adults with intellectual disabilities, there is little focused research investigating physical mobility. Materials and…

  5. Effects of Functional Mobility Skills Training for Adults with Severe Multiple Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whinnery, Stacie B.; Whinnery, Keith W.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of a functional mobility program on the functional standing and walking skills of five adults with developmental disabilities. The Mobility Opportunities Via Education (MOVE) Curriculum was implemented using a multiple-baseline across subjects design. Repeated measures were taken during baseline, intervention…

  6. Development of Assistive Mobile Robots Helping the Disabled Work in a Factory Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jung Won Kang; Bong Sung Kim; Myung Jin Chung

    2008-01-01

    This paper introduces assistive mobile robots that help the disabled to work in a factory environment. The target users and the functions of the robot were determined based on varied survey results. The robots were developed through an iterative process of designing, development and evaluation. As a result, three assistive mobile robots were developed. The first version of the robot

  7. Effects of Increased Mobility Skills on Meaningful Life Participation for an Adult with Severe Multiple Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whinnery, Stacie B.; Whinnery, Keith W.

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a case study of an adult with severe, multiple disabilities and discusses issues affecting meaningful life participation. Emphasis is placed on the role of functional mobility skills to increase active engagement in age-appropriate activities and opportunities to make informed choices. MOVE for Adults (Mobility Opportunities…

  8. Robotic Communication Terminals as a Mobility Support System for Elderly and Disabled People(2)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yairi, Ikuko Eguchi; Igi, Seiji

    We have been developing Robotic Communication Terminals (RCT) as a mobility support system for the elderly and disabled people, which assists for their impaired elements of mobility— recognition, actuation, and information access. The RCT consist of three types of terminals: “environment-embedded terminal”“user-carried mobile terminal”, and “user-carrying mobile terminal”. These terminals communicate with one another to provide the users with a comfortable means of mobility. In this paper, we introduce the overview of our research. The recent progress is also presented as well as the future plan.

  9. Incidence, Types and Characteristics of Aggressive Behaviour in Treatment Facilities for Adults with Mild Intellectual Disability and Severe Challenging Behaviour

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenneij, N. H.; Koot, H. M.

    2008-01-01

    Background: Inpatient aggression in treatment facilities for persons with intellectual disability (ID) can have aversive consequences, for co-clients and staff, but also for the aggressors themselves. To manage and eventually prevent inpatient aggressive incidents, more knowledge about their types and characteristics is necessary. Method: In four…

  10. Fix It with TAPE: Repurposing Technology to Be Assistive Technology for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bouck, Emily C.; Shurr, Jordan C.; Tom, Kinsey; Jasper, Andrea D.; Bassette, Laura; Miller, Bridget; Flanagan, Sara M.

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses how practitioners can repurpose technology--common and socially desirable technology in particular--to be assistive technology for students with high-incidence disabilities. The authors provide a framework for practitioners to consider technology for repurposing: TAPE (Transportable, Available, Practical, Engaging) and…

  11. Problem Situations Experienced by Urban Middle School Students with High Incidence Disabilities That Impact Emotional and Behavioral Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Terri N.; Sutherland, Kevin S.; Lotze, Geri M.; Helms, Sarah W.; Wright, Stephen A.; Ulmer, Lisa J.

    2015-01-01

    A mixed methods approach was used to identify problem situations in peer and school contexts experienced by urban middle school students with high incidence disabilities that may impact their emotional and behavioral adjustment. A survey and semi-structured interview were conducted with a predominantly African American sample (95%) of 74…

  12. Effects of Self-Graphing on Written Expression of Fourth Grade Students with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stotz, Kate E.; Itoi, Madoka; Konrad, Moira; Alber-Morgan, Sheila R.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of self-graphing on the writing of 3 fourth grade students with high-incidence disabilities. Measures of written expression included total number of words written and number of correct word sequences. During intervention, students self-graphed their total number of words written in response to…

  13. Team-Based Learning for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities in High School Social Studies Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kent, Shawn; Wanzek, Jeanne; Swanson, Elizabeth A.; Vaughn, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    We examined the effectiveness of implementing team-based learning (TBL) practices on content acquisition for 11th grade students with high-incidence disabilities enrolled in general education social studies courses. TBL components focus on collaborative discourse within heterogeneous teams. TBL, which requires critical thinking and the application…

  14. Factors Predictive of Type of Powered Mobility Received by Veterans with Disability

    PubMed Central

    Rabadi, Meheroz H.; Vincent, Andrea S.

    2015-01-01

    Background The goal of this observational study was to determine factors predictive of the type of powered mobility prescribed to veterans with disability. Material/Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted for all veterans (n=170) who received powered mobility from a designated power mobility clinic. Logistic regression analysis was used to determined factors predictive of the type of powered mobility provided. Results Sixty-four (38%) veterans were provided powered wheelchairs and 106 (62%) were provided powered scooters. Of the variables examined, only primary medical conditions for referral and disability severity (as measured by the 2-minute timed walk test; 2-MWT) were predictive of the types of powered mobility prescribed. Veterans who were able to walk longer distances were more likely to be prescribed powered scooters. Age, gender, race, level of education, marital and employment status, number of chronic medical conditions, and upper and lower limb muscle strength were not significant predictors. Conclusions This study suggests that the primary medical conditions for referral and 2-MWT can assist clinicians in the determination of the type of powered mobility to prescribe to veterans with disability. PMID:25955214

  15. Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

  16. 78 FR 41824 - Enhanced Mobility for Seniors and Individuals With Disabilities: Proposed Circular

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ...C. 5317) and the Elderly Individuals and Individuals...Enhanced Mobility for Seniors and Individuals with...the special needs of seniors and people with disabilities...language now applies to seniors as well as to people...authorization, except the senior population (age 65...

  17. Accessible Mobility and Transport for People with Disability in Taiwan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ben Wen-Pin Lin

    2010-01-01

    With the trend of aging population, it has rendered the general notion of universal design to become the prospective concept in Asia Pacific region, and wherever you are you can always enjoy such comfort like that at home. Therefore, the persons with disabilities (PWDs) and senior citizens can then exploit the impact of the concept to begin enjoy these transportation,

  18. Identifying mobility service needs for disabled air passengers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yu-Chun Chang; Ching-Fu Chen

    2011-01-01

    One outcome of air transportation deregulation policies worldwide is the growing number of passengers, including people with a disability. Because social equality is recognized as a worthwhile objective, providing an environment at both the airport terminal and on-board aircraft that eases travel for those with various impairments is an objective airlines and airport authorities increasingly view as important, and which

  19. Food Access Patterns and Barriers among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Deborah L.; Rosenberg, Dori E.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

    2012-01-01

    We examined where midlife and older adults with a mobility disability accessed food outside the home in King County, Washington, USA, how they travelled to these food destinations, and facilitators and barriers to food access using qualitative interviews. Thirty-five adults aged ?50 years with a mobility disability (defined as use of an assistive device for mobility) were interviewed. Supplemental objective information was obtained from a Global Positioning System device worn by participants for 3 days. Participants primarily accessed food at grocery stores, restaurants, and coffee shops/cafés. The most common transportation modes were walking, obtaining a ride from friends, motorized chair/scooter, and public transit. Location and proximity of food destinations were factors affecting participants' ability to access these destinations. Adequate space, ease of entry, available amenities such as restrooms, and helpful people were facilitators for participants to access food outside the home. PMID:23056944

  20. Food Access Patterns and Barriers among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities.

    PubMed

    Huang, Deborah L; Rosenberg, Dori E; Simonovich, Shannon D; Belza, Basia

    2012-01-01

    We examined where midlife and older adults with a mobility disability accessed food outside the home in King County, Washington, USA, how they travelled to these food destinations, and facilitators and barriers to food access using qualitative interviews. Thirty-five adults aged ?50 years with a mobility disability (defined as use of an assistive device for mobility) were interviewed. Supplemental objective information was obtained from a Global Positioning System device worn by participants for 3 days. Participants primarily accessed food at grocery stores, restaurants, and coffee shops/cafés. The most common transportation modes were walking, obtaining a ride from friends, motorized chair/scooter, and public transit. Location and proximity of food destinations were factors affecting participants' ability to access these destinations. Adequate space, ease of entry, available amenities such as restrooms, and helpful people were facilitators for participants to access food outside the home. PMID:23056944

  1. Abstract --Real time traffic incident detection is critical for increasing safety and mobility on freeways. There have been

    E-print Network

    Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

    Abstract -- Real time traffic incident detection is critical for increasing safety and mobility detection, spatial-temporal data mining, visualization 1 Introduction Studies on transportation congestions traffic delays and increasing safety. There are two major usages of automatic incident detection

  2. Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Prevalence, Incidence and Remission of Aggressive Behaviour and Related Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, S.-A.; Smiley, E.; Jackson, A.; Finlayson, J.; Allan, L.; Mantry, D.; Morrison, J.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: Aggressive behaviours can be disabling for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), with negative consequences for the adult, their family and paid carers. It is surprising how little research has been conducted into the epidemiology of these needs, given the impact they can have. This study investigates point prevalence, 2-year…

  3. Self-Determination Prospects of Youth with High-Incidence Disabilities: Divergent Perspectives and Related Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Erik W.; Trainor, Audrey; Owens, Laura; Sweden, Beth; Sun, Ye

    2010-01-01

    Promoting student self-determination has emerged as a key component of recommended practices in the field of secondary transition. This article examined the self-determination prospects of 196 youth with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD), learning disabilities (LD), and mild/moderate cognitive disabilities (CD) using the "AIR…

  4. The Effect of Obesity on Incidence of Disability and Mortality in Mexicans Aged 50 Years and Older

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Amit; Karmarkar, Amol M.; Tan, Alai; Graham, James E.; Arcari, Christine M.; Ottenbacher, Kenneth J.; Snih, Soham Al

    2015-01-01

    Objective To examine the effect of obesity on incidence of disability and mortality among non-disabled older Mexicans at baseline. Material and Methods The sample included 8,415 Mexicans aged ?50 years from the Mexican Health and Aging Study (2001-2012), who reported no limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs) at baseline and have complete data on all covariates. Socio-demographics, smoking status, comorbidities, ADL activities, and body mass index (BMI) were collected. Results The lowest hazard ratio (HR) for disability was at BMI of 25 to <30 (HR=0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85-1.12). The lowest HR for mortality were seen among participants with BMIs 25 to <30 (HR=0.85; 95% CI, 075-0.97), 30 to <35 (HR=0.86; 95 % CI, 0.72-1.02), and ?35 (HR=0.92; 95 % CI, 0.70-1.22). Conclusion Mexican older adults with a BMI of 25 to <30 were at less risk for both disability and mortality. PMID:26172232

  5. Ensuring Best Value and Equity in the Provision of Mobility For Elderly and Disabled People By Urban Public Transport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David J Ling

    2004-01-01

    Local Authorities and public transport operators in Britain help the mobility of elderly and disabled people within their areas by encouraging or using more accessible vehicles and infrastructure; by supporting and operating socially necessary non-commercial services; by providing specialised services to those with particular mobility problems; and by financial assistance through concessionary fares and, in some cases, with other help

  6. The Impact of Placement on Reading and Mathematics Achievement of Students with High Incidence Disabilities

    E-print Network

    Harrington, Jennifer S.

    2011-07-29

    Abstract The question of where best to educate students with disabilities to maximize their academic achievement has been discussed and researched for over four decades, with inconsistent and contradictory results. This study focused...

  7. Interpreting Outcomes of Social Skills Training for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gresham, Frank M.; Sugai, George; Horner, Robert H.

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses probable explanations for the weak effects in some meta-analyses that have investigated the effectiveness of social skills training (SST) for students with disabilities and offers specific recommendations for designing and producing more effective SST interventions. Treatment integrity issues, assessment issues, and…

  8. Suicide and Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: What Special Educators Need to Know

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wachter, Carrie A.; Bouck, Emily C.

    2008-01-01

    Suicide is the third leading cause of death in individuals ages 10 to 24. Researchers approximate that 17% to 29% of secondary school students seriously consider suicide and 8% attempt suicide. Students diagnosed with a disability may be at an even higher level of risk than their general education peers. Clearly knowing how to identify and how to…

  9. Factors Influencing the Self-Determination of Transition-Age Youth with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierson, Melinda R.; Carter, Erik W.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Glaeser, Barbara C.

    2008-01-01

    Recognizing the contributions of self-determination to improved outcomes for transition-age youth with disabilities, researchers are increasingly directing their efforts toward identifying factors associated with (a) these students' acquisition of skills that enhance self-determination and (b) educators' efforts to promote opportunities to be…

  10. Planes, trains and wheelchairs in the bush: Attitudes of people with mobility-disabilities to enhanced motorised access in remote natural settings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brent A. Lovelock

    2010-01-01

    Managers of remote and wilderness environments have been among the last to accommodate the needs of tourists with mobility-disabilities – partly because of the physical difficulties and expense of doing so, but also due to a wider desire and mandate to preserve the natural and wilderness character of such areas. This research explores the extent to which those with mobility-disabilities

  11. Paraprofessional involvement in self-determination instruction for students with high-incidence disabilities

    E-print Network

    Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    accompanied each instruc- tional domain. For example, "teaching students to monitor and evaluate their own behavior, select and provide their own reinforcement, se: their own schedule, and to self-direct learning through strategies like self.... (2002). Preparing youth to exercise self-determination: Quality indicators of school environments that promote the acquisition of knowl- edge, skills, and beliefs related to self-determination. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 13, 113-118. doi: 10...

  12. Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities

    PubMed Central

    Rosenberg, Dori E.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition, participants wore Global Positioning Systems (GPS) devices for 3 days prior to the interview. The GPS maps were used as prompts during the interviews. Open coding of the 35 interviews using latent content analysis resulted in key themes and subthemes that achieved consensus between coders. Two investigators independently coded the text of each interview. Results: Participants were on average of 67 years of age (range: 50–86) and predominantly used canes (57%), walkers (57%), or wheelchairs (46%). Key themes pertained to curb ramp availability and condition, sidewalk availability and condition, hills, aesthetics, lighting, ramp availability, weather, presence and features of crosswalks, availability of resting places and shelter on streets, paved or smooth walking paths, safety, and traffic on roads. Implications: A variety of built environment barriers and facilitators to neighborhood-based activity exist for midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Preparing our neighborhood environments for an aging population that uses assistive devices will be important to foster independence and health. PMID:23010096

  13. Designing Clinical Trials of Intervention for Mobility Disability: Results from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Pilot Trial

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed, however data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking. Our results are described from the LIFE pilot clinical trial, in which 424 volunteers aged 70-89 years were randomly assigned to one of two intervent...

  14. A Qualitative Study of Individual and Peer Factors Related to Effective Nonviolent versus Aggressive Responses to Problem Situations among Adolescents with High Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Terri N.; Helms, Sarah W.; Bettencourt, Amie F.; Sutherland, Kevin; Lotze, Geri M.; Mays, Sally; Wright, Stephen; Farrell, Albert D.

    2012-01-01

    To enhance the positive adjustment of youths with high incidence disabilities, a better understanding of the factors that influence their use of effective responses in challenging situations is needed. In this qualitative study, adolescents described individual and peer factors that would influence their use of effective nonviolent or aggressive…

  15. The Principal's Role in Creating a School Culture That Fosters Achievement of Students with High Incidence Disabilities: A Study of One School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haines, Shelby B.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the principal in shaping a school culture that fostered academic achievement of students with high incidence disabilities. Research was conducted by means of a qualitative case study approach with data courses of informant interviews, parent focus group, observations of the daily workings of the…

  16. The Causal Attributions of Teaching Staff towards Children with Intellectual Disabilities: A Comparison of "Vignettes" Depicting Challenging Behaviour with "Real" Incidents of Challenging Behaviour

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, Victoria L.; Collins, Suzanne; Langdon, Peter E.

    2009-01-01

    Background: We examined whether staff attributions, emotions and helping behaviours in reaction to "real" incidents of challenging behaviour (CB) exhibited by children with intellectual disabilities were different from reactions to "vignettes". We also examined whether these reactions are congruent with that predicted by attribution theory.…

  17. Multi-Disciplinary Preparation of Educators To Improve Services and Results for Children with Low-Incidence Disabilities in Adapted Physical Education. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stopka, Christine; Dykes, Mary K.

    This final report describes the activities and accomplishments of a 3-year federally funded project at the University of Florida concerned with the multidisciplinary preparation of physical and special educators in adapted physical education for children with low-incidence disabilities. The project supported, per semester, 10-15 masters students,…

  18. A Review of the Use of Touch-Screen Mobile Devices by People with Developmental Disabilities.

    PubMed

    Stephenson, Jennifer; Limbrick, Lisa

    2013-07-26

    This article presents a review of the research on the use of mobile touch-screen devices such as PDAs, iPod Touches, iPads and smart phones by people with developmental disabilities. Most of the research has been on very basic use of the devices as speech generating devices, as a means of providing video, pictorial and/or audio self-prompting and for leisure activities such as listening to music and watching videos. Most research studies were small-n designs that provided a preponderant level of research evidence. There is a clear need for more research with younger participants and with a much wider range of apps, including educational apps. PMID:23888356

  19. The effects of inquiry-based science on the social and communicative skills of students with low-incidence disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Angelo, Heather Hopkins

    This research utilized inquiry based science as a vehicle to implement and maintain social skills training for secondary students, ages 14 to 20, with low-incidence disabilities in a self-contained classroom. This three year action research study examined the effects of an inquiry based science curriculum on the level and quantity of social skills used by students with one or more of the following challenges: significant learning disability (functioning more than two grade levels below grade level), emotional/social disability, mental retardation, Autism, and/or varying degrees of brain damage. Through the use of video recording, the students in the study were analyzed based on the level of social interaction and the amount of socialization that took place during inquiry based science. The skills sought were based on the social and communication skills earmarked in the students' weekly social skills training class and their Individualized Education Plans (IEP). Based on previous research in social skills training it has been determined that where social skills training is lacking are in the areas of transfer and maintenance of skills. Due to the natural social behavior that must take place in inquiry based science this group of students were found to exhibit gains in (1) quantity of social interactions on topic; (2) developing higher levels of social interactions (sharing, taking other's suggestions, listening and responding appropriately, etc.); and (3) maintenance of social skills taught outside of formal social skills training. These gains were seen overall in the amount of student involvement during inquiry based science verses teacher involvement. Such increases are depicted through students' verbal exchanges, excerpts from field notes, and student reflections. The findings of this research is expected to guide special educators, administrators and directors of curriculum as to how to better create curriculum for this specific population where social skills training is utilized and maintained in all aspects of the academic day, thus helping this population of student achieve more independence and appropriate interactions in their live as citizens of society.

  20. Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods. — Measures of the Food Environment

    Cancer.gov

    Mojtahedi MC, Boblick P, Rimmer JH, Rowland JL, Jones RA, Braunschweig CL. Environmental barriers to and availability of healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities living in urban and suburban neighborhoods.

  1. Omnibot 2000: Development of an Autonomous Mobile Agent for the Disabled and Elderly 2000 Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics

    E-print Network

    Schwartz, Eric M.

    Omnibot 2000: Development of an Autonomous Mobile Agent for the Disabled and Elderly 2000 Florida Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics May 4-5, 2000, Florida Atlantic University Scott D. Nortman, Dr. A or disabled. Additionally, Omnibot 2000 can entertain and perform. Behaviors include obstacle avoidance, wall

  2. Use of accelerometry to measure physical activity in older adults at risk for mobility disability

    PubMed Central

    Pruitt, Leslie A.; Glynn, Nancy W.; King, Abby C.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Aiken, Erin K.; Miller, Gary; Haskell, William L.

    2010-01-01

    We explored using the ActiGraph accelerometer to differentiate activity levels between participants in a physical activity (PA, n=54) or `successful aging' (SA) program (n = 52). The relationship between a PA questionnaire for older adults (CHAMPS) and accelerometry variables was also determined. Individualized accelerometry count thresholds (THRESHIND) measured during a 400-m walk were used to identify “meaningful activity.” Participants then wore the ActiGraph for 7 days. Results indicated more activity bouts·d?1 ? 10 min above THRESHIND in the PA group compared to SA group (1.1 ± 2.0 vs 0.5 ± 0.8, p = 0.05) and more activity counts·d?1 above THRESHIND for the PA group (28,101 ± 27,521) compared to the SA group (17,234 ± 15,620, p = 0.02). Correlations between activity counts·hr?1 and CHAMPS ranged from 0.27 – 0.42, p<0.01. The ActiGraph and THRESHIND may be useful for differentiating PA levels in older adults at risk for mobility disability. PMID:19033603

  3. Incidence of patellar clunk syndrome in fixed versus high-flex mobile bearing posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Snir, Nimrod; Schwarzkopf, Ran; Diskin, Brian; Takemoto, Richelle; Hamula, Mathew; Meere, Patrick A

    2014-10-01

    The geometry of the intercondylar box plays a significant role in the development of patellar clunk syndrome. We reviewed the incidence of patella clunk at mid-to-long-term follow-up of a rotating high-flex versus fixed bearing posterior stabilized TKA design. 188-mobile and 223-fixed bearing TKAs were reviewed for complications, incidence of patellar clunk, treatment, recurrence rates, range of motion, and patient satisfaction. Patellar clunk developed in 22 knees in the mobile (11.7%) and in 4 (1.8%) in the fixed bearing group (P<0.001). 23 out of 26 cases resolved with a single arthroscopic treatment and 2 resolved with a second procedure. The mean postoperative range of motion was 122.4°. All but one patient reported overall satisfaction with the index procedure. In contrast with other recent studies we found a significant incidence of patellar clunk in high-flex mobile bearings. Despite the high rate of patellar clunk syndrome, overall patients did well and were satisfied with their outcomes. PMID:24961894

  4. Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Mea, Melanie L.

    2013-01-01

    Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment. Implementing…

  5. Learning Disability and Suicide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Marnell L.; Sloat, Robert S.

    1988-01-01

    This paper cites studies on the interaction of depression and learning disability, examines the question of whether depression is a result or a cause of learning disability, emphasizes the importance of proper diagnosis of depression versus learning disability, and reviews the incidence of suicide-related events among the learning-disabled.…

  6. Trial Development of a Mobile Feeding Assistive Robotic Arm for People with Physical Disabilities of the Extremities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uehara, Hideyuki; Higa, Hiroki; Soken, Takashi; Namihira, Yoshinori

    A mobile feeding assistive robotic arm for people with physical disabilities of the extremities has been developed in this paper. This system is composed of a robotic arm, microcontroller, and its interface. The main unit of the robotic arm can be contained in a laptop computer's briefcase. Its weight is 5kg, including two 12-V lead acid rechargeable batteries. This robotic arm can be also mounted on a wheelchair. To verify performance of the mobile robotic arm system, drinking tea task was experimentally performed by two able-bodied subjects as well as three persons suffering from muscular dystrophy. From the experimental results, it was clear that they could smoothly carry out the drinking task, and that the robotic arm could firmly grasp a commercially available 500-ml plastic bottle. The eating task was also performed by the two able-bodied subjects. The experimental results showed that they could eat porridge by using a spoon without any difficulty.

  7. Mobility Limitations Negatively Impact Work Outcomes among Medicaid Enrollees with Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexis D. Henry; Steven Banks; Robin Clark; Jay Himmelstein

    2007-01-01

    Introduction  Fear of losing health insurance is believed to be a significant work barrier for people with disabilities in the US. We examined\\u000a the relationship of different types of daily activity limitations to work outcomes among adults with a variety of disabling\\u000a conditions for whom the risk of losing health insurance has been removed by enrolling in a Medicaid buy-in (MBI)

  8. Correlates of the incidence of disability and mortality among older adult Brazilians with and without diabetes mellitus and stroke

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The combined effect of diabetes and stroke on disability and mortality remains largely unexplored in Brazil and Latin America. Previous studies have been based primarily on data from developed countries. This study addresses the empirical gap by evaluating the combined impact of diabetes and stroke on disability and mortality in Brazil. Methods The sample was drawn from two waves of the Survey on Health and Well-being of the Elderly, which followed 2,143 older adults in Săo Paulo, Brazil, from 2000 to 2006. Disability was assessed via measures of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations, severe ADL limitations, and receiving assistance to perform these activities. Logistic and multinomial regression models controlling for sociodemographic and health conditions were used to address the influence of diabetes and stroke on disability and mortality. Results By itself, the presence of diabetes did not increase the risk of disability or the need for assistance; however, diabetes was related to increased risks when assessed in combination with stroke. After controlling for demographic, social and health conditions, individuals who had experienced stroke but not diabetes were 3.4 times more likely to have ADL limitations than those with neither condition (95% CI 2.26-5.04). This elevated risk more than doubled for those suffering from a combination of diabetes and stroke (OR 7.34, 95% CI 3.73-14.46). Similar effects from the combination of diabetes and stroke were observed for severe ADL limitations (OR 19.75, 95% CI 9.81- 39.76) and receiving ADL assistance (OR 16.57, 95% CI 8.39-32.73). Over time, older adults who had experienced a stroke were at higher risk of remaining disabled (RRR 4.28, 95% CI 1.53,11.95) and of mortality (RRR 3.42, 95% CI 1.65,7.09). However, risks were even higher for those who had experienced both diabetes and stroke. Diabetes was associated with higher mortality. Conclusions Findings indicate that a combined history of stroke and diabetes has a great impact on disability prevalence and mortality among older adults in Săo Paulo, Brazil. PMID:22594969

  9. Assessment of toxic metal exposure following the Camelford water pollution incident: evidence of acute mobilization of lead into drinking water.

    PubMed

    Powell, J J; Greenfield, S M; Thompson, R P; Cargnello, J A; Kendall, M D; Landsberg, J P; Watt, F; Delves, H T; House, I

    1995-03-01

    Following the incident of acidic pollution of water by aluminium sulfate centred around Camelford in July 1988, we have carried out a retrospective analysis of the mobilization of toxic metals to residents of the area. An advanced nuclear technique was used to measure trace levels of elements within hair, thus, avoiding surface contamination. In contrast to controls, lead, but no other toxic metals, was consistently found within sections of hair that dated to mid-1988 from four residents; they must, therefore, have consumed this metal around the time of the incident. The source of this lead was probably local water pipe residue, and this was found on analysis to have a matrix specific to such soft-water areas that, prior to the incident, had slowly accumulated certain toxic metals such as cadmium and uranium and particularly lead. Lead is mobilized from such residues by acidic water and could, therefore, have heavily contaminated mains water after the incident. However, analyses of residents' plasma and whole blood, and of urine following a lead-chelation test, showed no evidence of either long-term increased body burdens of toxic metals or depletion of essential elements. In addition, we found no evidence of continued poor water quality in the area. In conclusion, during a short period following the pollution, some residents who consumed mains water would have been acutely exposed to lead and other toxic metals. Prediction of the scale of metal exposure to individuals was not possible owing to heterogeneity of the water distribution network, but long-term effects to residents from lead are not anticipated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7741230

  10. Students with Disabilities Experience in Higher Education Online Courses: An Exploratory Study of Self-Efficacy, Use of Assistive Technologies and Mobile Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Chandinie Devi Parasram

    2012-01-01

    The overarching aim of this mixed methods study was to explore the online experiences of students with disabilities, with particular focus on students' use of assistive technologies, mobile media and self-efficacy. Using a multifaceted an integrative approach, this study considered a framework of universal design, Scherer's Matching…

  11. A Transdisciplinary Training Program for Providing Seating Positioning and Mobility Intervention to Children with Developmental Disabilities Who Are 0-3 Years of Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sylvester, Lorrie; Shelden, M'Lisa

    The Oklahoma Assistive Technology Center was developed as an interagency collaborative effort, with one of its services being the delivery of positioning and mobility services to young children with developmental disabilities. The Center operates as an outpatient clinic and coordinates outreach services through two satellite centers in rural…

  12. Mobile phone use while cycling: incidence and effects on behaviour and safety.

    PubMed

    de Waard, Dick; Schepers, Paul; Ormel, Wieke; Brookhuis, Karel

    2010-01-01

    The effects of mobile phone use on cycling behaviour were studied. In study 1, the prevalence of mobile phone use while cycling was assessed. In Groningen 2.2% of cyclists were observed talking on their phone and 0.6% were text messaging or entering a phone number. In study 2, accident-involved cyclists responded to a questionnaire. Only 0.5% stated that they were using their phone at the time of the accident. In study 3, participants used a phone while cycling. The content of the conversation was manipulated and participants also had to enter a text message. Data were compared with just cycling and cycling while listening to music. Telephoning coincided with reduced speed, reduced peripheral vision performance and increased risk and mental effort ratings. Text messaging had the largest negative impact on cycling performance. Higher mental workload and lower speed may account for the relatively low number of people calling involved in accidents. STATEMENT OF RELEVANCE: Although perhaps mainly restricted to flat countries with a large proportion of cyclists, mobile phone use while cycling has increased and may be a threat to traffic safety, similar to phone use while driving a car. In this study, the extent of the problem was assessed by observing the proportion of cyclists using mobile phones, sending questionnaires to accident-involved cyclists and an experimental study was conducted on the effects of mobile phone use while cycling. PMID:20069479

  13. Obesity and Survival to Age 85 Years without Major Disease or Disability in Older Women

    PubMed Central

    Rillamas-Sun, Eileen; LaCroix, Andrea Z.; Waring, Molly E.; Kroenke, Candyce H.; LaMonte, Michael J.; Vitolins, Mara Z.; Seguin, Rebecca; Bell, Christina L.; Gass, Margery; Manini, Todd M.; Masaki, Kamal H.; Wallace, Robert B.

    2014-01-01

    Context The impact of obesity on late-age survival without disease or disability in women is unknown. Objective To investigate if higher baseline body mass index and waist circumference affects women’s survival to age 85 years without major chronic disease (coronary disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, or hip fracture) and mobility disability. Design, Setting, Participants Examination of 36,611 women from the Women’s Health Initiative who could have reached age 85 years or older if they survived to the last outcomes evaluation on September 17, 2012. Recruitment was from 40 US Clinical Centers from October 1993–December 1998. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association of baseline body mass index and waist circumference with the outcomes, adjusting for demographic, behavioral, and health characteristics. Main Outcome Measures Mutually-exclusive classifications: 1) survived without major chronic disease and without mobility disability (“healthy”); 2) survived with ?1 major chronic disease at baseline, but without new disease or disability (“prevalent diseased”); 3) survived and developed ?1 major chronic disease but not disability during study follow-up (“incident diseased”); 4) survived and developed mobility disability with or without disease (“disabled”); and 5) did not survive (“died”). Results Mean (SD) baseline age was 72.4 (3.0) years (range: 66–81). The distribution of women classified as healthy, prevalent diseased, incident diseased, disabled, and died was 19%, 15%, 23%, 18%, and 25%, respectively. Compared to normal-weight women, underweight and obese women were more likely to die before age 85 years. Overweight and obese women had higher risks of incident disease and mobility disability. Disability risks were striking. Relative to normal-weight women, adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of mobility disability was 1.6 (1.5–1.8) for overweight women and 3.2 (2.9–3.6), 6.6 (5.4–8.1), and 6.7 (4.8–9.2), for class I, II, and III obesity, respectively. Waist circumference >88 centimeters was also associated with higher risk of earlier death, incident disease, and mobility disability. Conclusions Overall and abdominal obesity were important and potentially modifiable factors associated with dying or developing mobility disability and major chronic disease before age 85 years in older women. PMID:24217806

  14. Dynamic biosignal management and transmission during telemedicine incidents handled by Mobile Units over diverse network types.

    PubMed

    Mandellos, George J; Koutelakis, George V; Panagiotakopoulos, Theodor C; Koukias, Andreas M; Koukias, Mixalis N; Lymberopoulos, Dimitrios K

    2008-01-01

    Early and specialized pre-hospital patient treatment improves outcome in terms of mortality and morbidity, in emergency cases. This paper focuses on the design and implementation of a telemedicine system that supports diverse types of endpoints including moving transports (MT) (ambulances, ships, planes, etc.), handheld devices and fixed units, using diverse communication networks. Target of the above telemedicine system is the pre-hospital patient treatment. While vital sign transmission is prior to other services provided by the telemedicine system (videoconference, remote management, voice calls etc.), a predefined algorithm controls provision and quality of the other services. A distributed database system controlled by a central server, aims to manage patient attributes, exams and incidents handled by different Telemedicine Coordination Centers (TCC). PMID:19163300

  15. 14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

  16. 14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

  17. 14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

  18. 14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

  19. 14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers... Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other Mobility Aids, and Other Assistive Devices § 382.121 What mobility aids and other assistive devices may...

  20. Profile of arthritis disability.

    PubMed Central

    Verbrugge, L. M.; Juarez, L.

    2001-01-01

    Using the 1994-95 National Health Interview Supplement Disability Supplement, the authors study levels of disabilities and accommodations among US adults with arthritis disability, compared to people with disability due to other conditions. Arthritis-disabled people are defined in two ways. One definition covers a broad range of arthritis and rheumatic conditions, and the other concentrates solely on arthritis. The authors find that arthritis-disabled people have more total disabilities than other-disabled peop e. However, their disabilities are less severe, have shorter durations, and accumulate more gradually over time. Despite more disabilities, people with arthritis disability use fewer assistive and service accommodations than other-disabled people. They do use more mobility aids. Because arthritis is the leading chronic condition for middle-aged and older adults, th s profile of extensive but mild-to-moderate disability is experienced by many millions of adults. Accommodations for arthritis may also be extensive but aimed more toward self-care than toward assistive and medical services. PMID:11889283

  1. Traveling with a disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Kwai-sang Yau; Bob McKercher; Tanya L. Packer

    2004-01-01

    People with disabilities have the same needs and desires for tourism as others. However, travel in a context designed primarily for people without disabilities poses unique challenges. A qualitative study was conducted employing indepth interviews and focus groups to explore the tourism experiences of individuals with mobility or visual impairments. The results revealed that they experience five different stages in

  2. Mobile Applications for Participation at the Shopping Mall: Content Analysis and Usability for Persons with Physical Disabilities and Communication or Cognitive Limitations

    PubMed Central

    Auger, Claudine; Leduc, Emilie; Labbé, Delphine; Guay, Cassioppée; Fillion, Brigitte; Bottari, Carolina; Swaine, Bonnie

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF) to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team’s and users’ comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results, compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs. PMID:25513999

  3. “Ebilities” tourism: an exploratory discussion of the travel needs and motivations of the mobility-disabled 1 1 The word “ebilities” refers to www.ebility.com, which emphasizes “your abilities online”. The “e” (electronic) portion is later shown to be relevant to this paper with the discussion of the importance on on-line surveys in the collection of marketing research data from the mobility challenged and because of the importance of the Internet as a source of information when planning travel

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nina M Ray; Mary Ellen Ryder

    2003-01-01

    With the 1990 passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the earlier Air Carrier Access Act, US marketers began to pay some attention to one of the most important but overlooked of all market segments. This article discusses the importance to the travel and tourism industry of the US disabled market, concentrating on the mobility-challenged travelers, which number

  4. Laying the Foundation for Connect to Protect®: A Multi-Site Community Mobilization Intervention to Reduce HIV/AIDS Incidence and Prevalence among Urban Youth

    PubMed Central

    Ziff, Mauri A.; Harper, Gary W.; Chutuape, Kate S.; Deeds, Bethany Griffin; Futterman, Donna; Francisco, Vincent T.; Muenz, Larry R.

    2006-01-01

    Despite the considerable resources that have been dedicated to HIV prevention interventions and services over the past decade, HIV incidence among young people in the United States remains alarmingly high. One reason is that the majority of prevention efforts continue to focus solely on modifying individual behavior, even though public health research strongly suggests that changes to a community's structural elements, such as their programs, practices, and laws or policies, may result in more effective and sustainable outcomes. Connect to Protect is a multi-city community mobilization intervention that focuses on altering or creating community structural elements in ways that will ultimately reduce youth HIV incidence and prevalence. The project, which spans 6 years, is sponsored by the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions at multiple urban clinical research sites. This paper provides an overview of the study's three phases and describes key factors in setting a firm foundation for the initiation and execution of this type of undertaking. Connect to Protect's community mobilization approach to achieving structural change represents a relatively new and broad direction in HIV prevention research. To optimize opportunities for its success, time and resources must be initially placed into laying the groundwork. This includes activities such as building a strong overarching study infrastructure to ensure protocol tasks can be met across sites; tapping into local site and community expertise and knowledge; forming collaborative relationships between sites and community organizations and members; and fostering community input on and support for changes at a structural level. Failing to take steps such as these may lead to insurmountable implementation problems for an intervention of this kind. PMID:16739051

  5. Superheroes Social Skills: A Study Examining the Effects of Using an Evidence-Based Approach to Teach Social Skills to Children with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hood, Julia Ann Kelly

    2011-01-01

    The current study evaluated the use of a manualized social skills program, Superheroes Social Skills, to increase the use of prosocial behaviors and decrease the use of aggressive behaviors for children with externalizing behaviors. The training was implemented by a school psychologist in a pullout group with four children with high-incidence

  6. Impairment, disability and handicap in multiple sclerosis A cross-sectional study in an incident cohort in Mřre and Romsdal County, Norway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rune Midgard; Trond Riise; Harald Nyland

    1996-01-01

    We conducted a cross-sectional, geographically based study of functional status in an incident cohort of 124 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with onset of disease from 1 January 1976 to 31 December 1986 in Mřre and Romsdal County, Norway. The cohort comprised 58 men (46.8%) and 66 women (53.2%). One hundred and thirteen patients (91.1 %) had a primary remitting course

  7. Learning Disability Subtypes in Children with Neurofibromatosis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brewer, Vickie R.; Moore, Bartlett D., III; Hiscock, Merrill

    1997-01-01

    This study investigated the incidence of learning disabilities in 105 children (ages 6-18) with neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF-1). Results found that nearly 70% of the subjects were academically deficient and 42% met the criteria for learning disabilities. A low incidence of visuospatial-constructional deficits was also found. (Author/CR)

  8. Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clow, John, Ed.; Woolschlager, Ruth B., Ed.

    The learning disabilities monograph contains five brief articles dealing with various aspects of learning disabilities as they related to business education. "Learning Disabilities: A Challenge for the Vocational Business Educator" (Dorothy Munger) concerns screening students with learning disabilities into rather than out of business education…

  9. PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW AS A PREDICTOR OF SUBSEQUENT DISABILITY AND DEATH IN COMMUNITY-LIVING OLDER PERSONS

    PubMed Central

    Vaz Fragoso, Carlos A.; Gahbauer, Evelyne A.; Van Ness, Peter H.; Concato, John; Gill, Thomas M.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To determine whether peak expiratory flow (PEF), when expressed by a validated method using standardized residual (SR) percentile, is associated with subsequent disability and death in older persons. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting New Haven, Connecticut. Participants 754 initially nondisabled, community-living persons aged 70 years or older. Measurements PEF was assessed at baseline along with chronic conditions and smoking history. The onset of persistent disability in activities of daily living (ADL), continuous mobility disability, and death were ascertained during monthly interviews over a five-year period. Results The mean age was 78.4 years; 63.7% had a smoking history and 17.4% reported chronic lung disease. The incidence rates per 100 person-months (95% confidence intervals) were 1.00 (0.90, 1.12) for ADL disability, 0.80 (0.70, 0.93) for mobility disability, and 0.44 (0.38, 0.51) for death. At a PEF < 10th SR-percentile, identifying nearly a quarter of the cohort, hazard ratios (HR) adjusted for multiple confounders, including age, smoking, and chronic lung disease, demonstrated an increased risk of ADL disability (HR [95% confidence interval]: 1.79 [1.23, 2.62]), mobility disability (1.89 [1.15, 3.10]), and death (2.31 [1.29, 4.12]). Conclusion In our elderly cohort, we found that a diminished PEF, when expressed as an SR-percentile, is independently associated with subsequent disability and death. These results support the use of PEF as a potentially valuable risk assessment tool among community-living older persons. PMID:18422951

  10. Equalization of Opportunities in Employment of People with Disabilities (Indonesian Experience).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mertopuspito, S.

    The paper summarizes the incidence and status of disability in Indonesia and reports on rehabilitation services and facilities. The paper reports that 3.11% of the population is disabled and breaks down this number into those physically or orthopedically disabled (0.85%), visually disabled (0.90%), hearing/speech disabled (0.31%), mentally…

  11. Disabilities, Benefits, and Disability Benefits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirst, Michael A.

    1986-01-01

    The study attempted to relate patterns of disabilities to amounts of money received in social security benefits. Findings from structured interviews with parents of 248 disabled young adults (ages 18-22) indicated that the United Kingdom social security system gives more recognition to costs arising from physical than from mental disability.…

  12. Metabolic Syndrome and Disability: Findings From the Prospective Three-City Study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a potentially reversible cause of disability in the elderly people. The published literature suggests that the MetS–disability association is likely to be complex, depending on co-existing risk factors and with possible variation for each of the specific MetS components. Further evidence is needed to understand the specific consequences of the MetS as a whole and as a function of its components. Methods. Prospective analyses included data from 6,141 participants (60.9% women) aged 65 and older from the Three-City cohort. Mixed logistic models were used to determine associations between MetS (National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria) and 7-year incident disability measured as social restriction, mobility limitations (Rosow and Breslau scale), and limitations in instrumental and basic activities of daily living. Results. MetS was associated with incident social restriction (odds ratio = 1.55, 95% CI: 1.14–2.09), limited mobility (odds ratio = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.21–1.90), and instrumental activities of daily living limitations (odds ratio = 1.62, 95% CI: 1.24–2.10) after adjustment for a range of potential sociodemographic, health behavior, and health status confounders at baseline. These associations were independent of chronic conditions, including cardiovascular disease and dementia. There was evidence of associations between MetS components: central obesity, high triglycerides, and elevated fasting glucose and incidence of limitations in mobility and instrumental activities of daily living. Conclusions. Our results suggest that the increased risk of mobility and instrumental activities of daily living limitations in the elderly people associated with MetS is over and above that associated with its components. PMID:23833203

  13. Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

    2011-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive…

  14. The reach of disability benefits: An examination of the disability living allowance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Daly; Michael Noble

    1996-01-01

    Key objectives in the 1992 reform of disability benefits were improvements to the scope of benefits and better targeting of funds to those most in need. This paper questions the success of the disability living allowance (DLA) in achieving these aims. Examination of (non-)recipients of the higher rate mobility component of DLA reveals considerable unpredictability in the extent to which

  15. Intellectual disability

    MedlinePLUS

    ... understand risks and make plans and decisions. Social: Nutrition programs can reduce disability associated with malnutrition. Early intervention in situations involving abuse and poverty will also help. Toxic: Preventing exposure to lead, ...

  16. Incidence Rates

    Cancer.gov

    Close Window State Cancer Profiles Quick Reference Guides ? Quick Reference Guides Index Incidence Rates Send to Printer Text description of this image. Site Home Policies Accessibility Viewing Files FOIA Contact Us U.S. Department of Health and Human

  17. Burns in the disabled.

    PubMed

    Backstein, R; Peters, W; Neligan, P

    1993-06-01

    A retrospective analysis of 812 patients admitted to the Ross Tilley Burn Centre between 1984 and 1992 resulted in 37 cases of burn injuries which were directly related to premorbid disabilities. The majority of these burns (83.8 per cent) occurred in the patient's home, most commonly as scald injuries in the bath tub, the shower, or following hot water spills. Nineteen patients were male, 17 were female. The median age was 58 years. Six patients had spinal cord disorders: four had traumatic cord damage, two had spina bifida. Six patients had seizure disorders. Five of these patients had been taking anti-seizure medications, but all had subtherapeutic blood levels on admission to hospital. Two patients had diabetes mellitus with peripheral neuropathies. Thirteen patients had four miscellaneous neurological disorders, including: tardive dyskinesia (two), CVA (four), Parkinson's disease (two), Alzheimer's disease (two), cerebral palsy (one), multiple sclerosis (one) and blindness (one). Three patients had a diagnosis of syncope. Two patients had emphysema, and four were morbidly obese. The average length of stay (LOS) for the disabled patients was 27.6 days for a median burn size of 10 per cent body surface area (BSA), compared to an average LOS for the general population of 25.7 days for a larger median burn size of 21 per cent BSA. The mortality rate was also much higher in the disabled population (22.2 per cent vs. 6.0 per cent). Most of these burn injuries were preventable. A series of burn prevention guidelines is presented, in an attempt to reduce the incidence of these burn injuries in disabled patients. PMID:8507362

  18. 78 FR 9926 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control Special Emphasis Panel (SEP): Initial Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-12

    ...Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury...Prevalence and Incidence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, FOA DP 13-001, initial...Prevalence and Incidence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, FOA DP 13-001,...

  19. No Place for Hate Hate crimes and incidents in further and

    E-print Network

    No Place for Hate Hate crimes and incidents in further and higher education: disability #12 .................................................................................................... 1 2 3 8 13 18 24 29 35 42 46 48 51 Contents #12;No Place for Hate: disability 1 Acknowledgements NUS, former Liberation, Research and Development Officer (Disabled Students) · Kat Luckock, Interfaith

  20. Common Pediatric Disabilities: Medical Aspects and Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Janet Siantz; Colson, Steven

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents definitions of common pediatric disabilities and information about incidence, causes, diagnosis, common characteristics, complications with educational implications, and multidisciplinary intervention approaches. It covers the following conditions: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fragile…

  1. Wake Up Call: Pregnant and Parenting Teens with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Karen H.; Woolcock-Henry, Constance O.; Domenico, Desirae M.

    2005-01-01

    Pregnancy among all teenagers is a major challenge facing the United States. A literature review indicated little research on the incidences of pregnancy and parenting among teenagers with disabilities, similarities and differences in their educational needs when compared to their non-disabled peers, and how programs address their specific…

  2. Learning Disability Prevalence and Adult Education Program Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Margaret Becker

    2008-01-01

    This study identifies adult education program characteristics associated with learning disability (LD) prevalence through statistical analyses of data from a single U.S. state (Kansas). Data indicate that several variables at the adult education (AE) program level are linked to LD prevalence, including disability incidence, educational background…

  3. 49 CFR 39.29 - May PVOs limit the number of passengers with a disability on a passenger vessel?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...disability other than individuals with a mobility disability on your vessel. However...issues are presented by the presence of mobility devices and would conflict with legitimate...then the number of passengers with mobility aids may be limited, but only to...

  4. Disability in Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury--Which Measure?.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, K. M.; Pentland, B.

    1997-01-01

    This study of 54 individuals with head injuries compares a commonly used measure of physical disability, the Barthel Index, with three measures designed to assess intellectual functioning, communication, behavior, and mobility. The results indicate support for using scales other than the Barthel Index when describing disability following traumatic…

  5. Social and Communicative Interventions and Transition Outcomes for Youth with Disabilities: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alwell, Morgen; Cobb, Brian

    2009-01-01

    The relationship between social and communicative interventions and transition-related outcomes for secondary-aged youth with disabilities is explored in this systematic review. In all, 30 studies intervening with 316 youth with a broad range of disability labels (both high- and low-incidence disabilities) were reviewed. Subgroup analyses were…

  6. Towards the Adaptation of a Robotic Wheelchair for Cognitive Disabled Children

    E-print Network

    Minguez, Javier

    Towards the Adaptation of a Robotic Wheelchair for Cognitive Disabled Children L. Montesano, J the adaptation of an autonomous robotic wheelchair for cognitive disabled children. The constraints imposed the quality of life of people with motor disabilities [11]. From a mobile robotic point of view, these devices

  7. Otitis Media in Young Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeisel, Susan A.; Roberts, Joanne E.

    2003-01-01

    This study examined the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in 14 children (ages 8-66 months) with developmental disabilities attending center-based childcare. Although younger children had more OME than older children, children with Down syndrome had the highest incidence of OME regardless of age. Implications of OME for fluctuating…

  8. Using Virtual Reality To Teach Disability Awareness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pivik, Jayne; McComas, Joan; Macfarlane, Ian; Laflamme, Marc

    2002-01-01

    Describes the design and evaluation of a desktop virtual reality program that was developed to teach children about the accessibility and attitudinal barriers encountered by their peers with mobility impairments. Investigated attitudes, grade levels, familiarity with individuals with a disability, and gender. (Author/LRW)

  9. Structuring Incident Types to Streamline Incident Response

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Predrag Zivic

    2011-01-01

    Defining security and privacy incidents and detection alerts can become a conundrum of rules and events. Information security operations groups responsible to manage security monitoring tools and to respond to security incidents may decide to streamline operations by structuring tools around incident types in order to optimize detected events, alerting rules and incident detection processes.

  10. Population segments with disabilities 

    E-print Network

    Stough, Laura

    2013-01-01

    the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990 definition of disability as being “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individuals” (PL 101-336 104 Stat. 327). Epidemiologists rely on the U.... Government Printing. Altman, B., and Bernstein, A. (2008). Disability and Health in the United States, 2001-2005. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended by the Americans with Disabilities...

  11. Disability Information & Awareness: Afghanistan. Version 2.2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, M.

    This report focuses on a project in Afghanistan that coordinates the efforts of several agencies to develop community-directed disability, rehabilitation, and education services. The program stresses community mobilization aided by skills transfer from expatriate specialists, and includes physical therapy, prosthetics, living skills and mobility

  12. State Councils on Developmental Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AIDD) State Councils on Developmental Disabilities Fact Sheet (PDF, 338KB) | DDC Program Contacts | Program Resources State Councils on Developmental Disabilities ( ...

  13. Disabled Parking & Access Plan Campus Disabled Persons (DP)

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Disabled Parking & Access Plan Campus Disabled Persons (DP) Parking and Access Plan For CSU Executive Deans Meeting Stanislaus Campus June 2007 #12;Disabled Parking & Access Plan Core Team: · Michael & Construction · Paul Miller, Director ­ Disabled Student Services · Joe Ferrer, Director ­ Parking

  14. General Information about Learning Disabilities (Fact Sheet Number 7) = Informacion General sobre Impedimentos en el Aprendizaje (Fact Sheet Number 19).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…

  15. Progression of leprosy disability after discharge: is multidrug therapy enough?

    PubMed Central

    Sales, Anna Maria; Campos, Dayse Pereira; Hacker, Mariana Andrea; da Costa Nery, José Augusto; Düppre, Nádia Cristina; Rangel, Emanuel; Sarno, Euzenir Nunes; Penna, Maria Lucia Fernandes

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the risk factors related to worsening of physical disabilities after treatment discharge among patients with leprosy administered 12 consecutive monthly doses of multidrug therapy (MDT/WHO). Methods Cohort study was carried out at the Leprosy Laboratory in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We evaluated patients with multibacillary leprosy treated (MDT/WHO) between 1997 and 2007. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the relationship between the onset of physical disabilities after release from treatment and epidemiological and clinical characteristics. Results The total observation time period for the 368 patients was 1 570 person-years (PY), averaging 4.3 years per patient. The overall incidence rate of worsening of disability was 6.5/100 PY. Among those who began treatment with no disability, the incidence rate of physical disability was 4.5/100 PY. Among those who started treatment with Grade 1 or 2 disabilities, the incidence rate of deterioration was 10.5/100 PY. The survival analysis evidenced that when disability grade was 1, the risk was 1.61 (95% CI: 1.02–2.56), when disability was 2, the risk was 2.37 (95% CI 1.35–4.16), and when the number of skin lesions was 15 or more, an HR = 1.97 (95% CI: 1.07–3.63). Patients with neuritis showed a 65% increased risk of worsening of disability (HR = 1.65 [95% CI: 1.08–2.52]). Conclusion Impairment at diagnosis was the main risk factor for neurological worsening after treatment/MDT. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of reactional episodes remain the main means of preventing physical disabilities. PMID:23937704

  16. Specific Learning Disabilities Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sontag, Ed

    1976-01-01

    The activities of the Specific Learning Disabilities Program and its model demonstration centers are reviewed, the term "specific learning disabilities" is operationally defined, and special education issues (such as the need for research on methodologies and curricula) are listed. (SBH)

  17. FacingDisability.com

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2015 Hill Foundation for Families Living With Disabilities FacingDisability.com is an informational and support website for families ... 312-284-2525 / Fax: 312-284-2530 / info@facingdisability.com

  18. Disability and Obesity

    MedlinePLUS

    ... CDC Employees and Reasonable Accommodations (RA) Disability and Obesity Language: English Espańol (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... and Disability at http://www.ncpad.org/ The Obesity Epidemic Obesity affects different people in different ways ...

  19. Work Disability in Appalachia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwood, Judith

    This paper begins by examining the history of disability payments to disabled workers, specifically disability payments to coal workers. Efforts by the United Mine Workers of America made mine health and safety an issue in the 1960s, and continuing liberalization of the law continued through the 1970s. The identification of coal miners with…

  20. Disability testing and retirement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helmuth CREMER; Jean-Marie LOZACHMEUR; Pierre PESTIEAU

    2006-01-01

    This paper studies the design of retirement and disability policies. It illustrates the often observed exit from the labor force of healthy workers through disability insurance schemes. Two types of individuals, disabled and leisure-prone ones, have the same disutility for labor and cannot be distinguished. However, they are not counted in the same way in social welfare. Bene?ts depend on

  1. Disability Testing and Retirement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helmuth Cremer; Jean-Marie Lozachmeur; Pierre Pestieau

    2007-01-01

    We study the design of retirement and disability policies and illustrate the often observed exit from the labor force of healthy workers through disability insurance schemes. In our model, two types of individuals, disabled and leisure-prone ones, have the same disutility for labor and cannot be distinguished. However, they are not counted in the same way in social welfare. We

  2. Disability Testing and Retirement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helmuth Cremer; Jean-Marie Lozachmeur; Pierre Pestieau

    2004-01-01

    This Paper studies the design of retirement and disability policies. It illustrates the often observed exit from the labour force of healthy workers through disability insurance schemes. Two types of individuals, disabled and leisure-prone ones, have the same disutility for labour and cannot be distinguished. They are not, however, counted in the same way in social welfare. Benefits depend on

  3. Disability Testing and Retirement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helmuth Cremer; Jean-Marie Lozachmeur; Pierre Pestieau

    2006-01-01

    This paper studies the design of retirement and disability policies. It illustrates the often observed exit from the labour force of healthy workers through disability insurance schemes. Two types of individuals, disabled and leisure-prone ones, have the same disutility for labour and cannot be distinguished. However, they are not counted in the same way in social welfare. Benefits depend on

  4. Disability Accommodation Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flick-Hruska, Connie, Comp.; Blythe, Gretchen, Comp.

    Designed as a resource for two-year college faculty and staff working with students with disabilities, this handbook contains facts about various disabilities, practical suggestions for improving services, and resource points for further information. Following a brief introduction, legal implications regarding disabled students are discussed for…

  5. DISABILITY STATISTICS CENTER

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of the Disability Statistics Center is to produce and disseminate statistical information on disability and the status of people with disabilities in American society and to establish and monitor indicators of how conditions are changing over time to meet their health...

  6. Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodley, Dan

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

  7. [Disabling pathogenetic causes in postthrombotic disease of the lower extremities].

    PubMed

    Buzmakov, D L

    2014-10-01

    Prospective investigation of etiological and pathogenetic causes of the disabling complications incidence in the lower extremities postthrombotic disease (LEPTHD), influencing activity of these patients, was conducted. The examined patients were divided into two groups, in 62 (58.5%) patients a disability was absent, and in 44 (41.5%) disability was established. Profound clinical examination was conducted, including determination of subfascial pressure on the shin, ultrasound duplex scanning of venous system, electroneuromyography of the lower extremities, estimation of the D-dimer, levels antithrombine-III activity in general and regional blood flow. The leading factors, which causes the LEPTHD patients activity restriction, were determined, basing on the results analysis. PMID:25675788

  8. Disability and marginal utility of income: evidence from hypothetical choices.

    PubMed

    Tengstam, Sven

    2014-03-01

    It is often assumed that disability reduces the marginal utility of income. In this article, individuals' marginal utility of income in two states-(i) paralyzed in both legs from birth and (ii) not mobility impaired at all-is measured through hypothetical choices between imagined lotteries behind a so-called veil of ignorance. The outcomes of the lotteries include both income and disability status. It is found that most people have higher marginal utility when paralyzed than when not mobility impaired at all. The two marginal utilities are evaluated at the same levels of income. Having personal experience of mobility impairment and supporting the Left Party, the Social Democratic Party, the Green Party, or the Liberal Party are associated with having a higher marginal utility when paralyzed. The results suggest that more than full insurance of income losses connected to being disabled is optimal. The results further suggest that, given a utilitarian social welfare function, resources should be transferred to rather than from disabled people. Finally, if the transfers are not large enough to smooth out the marginal utilities of the disabled and the nondisabled, distributional weights based on disability status should be used in cost-benefit analysis. PMID:23532796

  9. Repositioning Mothers: Mothers, Disabled Children and Disability Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Sara; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

    2008-01-01

    In this article we set out to review the ways in which mothers of disabled children have been portrayed within disability studies and the more broader academic literature. We argue that within disability studies mothers of disabled children occupy a liminal position because they are often not disabled and yet they can experience forms of…

  10. 47 CFR 14.61 - Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... false Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones...EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Internet Browsers Built Into Telephones Used With...14.61 Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones....

  11. 47 CFR 14.61 - Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones...EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Internet Browsers Built Into Telephones Used With...14.61 Obligations with respect to internet browsers built into mobile phones....

  12. SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    , the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990 and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008. The ADA regulations broadlySERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES University of Nebraska Student Documentation of Disability To be eligible for disability-related services, students must

  13. Mobile Ambients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luca Cardelli; Andrew D. Gordon

    1998-01-01

    There are two distinct areas of work in mobility: mobile computing, concerning computation that is carried out in mobile devices (laptops, personal digital assistants, etc.), and mobile computation, concerning mobile code that moves between devices (applets, agents, etc.). We aim to describe all these aspects of mobility within a single framework that encompasses mobile agents, the ambients where agents interact

  14. Children with disabilities in the context of disaster: A social vulnerability perspective 

    E-print Network

    Stough, Laura

    2010-01-01

    disabilities. Disaster researchers who study individuals with mobility impairments tend to use the Americans With Dis- abilities Act (1990) definition of disability as being ‘‘a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major...). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed., Text Rev.). Washington, DC: Author. Americans with Disabilities Act. (1990). 42 U.S.C.A. Sec- tion 12101 et seq. (West 1993). Appleyard, K., & Osofsky, J. D. (2003). Parenting after trauma...

  15. Rehabilitation engineers help people with disabilities with wireless technology LATEST NEWS

    E-print Network

    Rehabilitation engineers help people with disabilities with wireless technology SEARCH LATEST NEWS Research Horizons Magazine November 27, 2002 Rehabilitation Engineers' Emphasis on Helping People research projects now under way at the new Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Mobile Wireless

  16. Higher Dependability and Security for Mobile Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hongxia Jin

    2006-01-01

    \\u000a In this paper, we are concerned with the detection software faults and tampering of the mobile application as well as the\\u000a mobile device theft. We want to disable mobile device cryptographically once either of these problems are detected. Basically\\u000a the device needs to receive a new cryptographic key after each pre-set period of time in order to continue function. The

  17. Disability and Democracy in Cambodia: An Integrative Approach to Community Building and Civic Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zook, Darren C.

    2010-01-01

    The political framework through which the various communities of disabled persons in Cambodia advocate for and claim their rights is complex and confusing. Both governmental and non-governmental actors engage this political framework through the mobilization of persons from the various disabled communities, competing in the civic sphere through…

  18. A Wheelchair User with Visual and Intellectual Disabilities Managing Simple Orientation Technology for Indoor Travel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Campodonico, Francesca; Oliva, Doretta

    2009-01-01

    Persons with profound visual impairments and other disabilities, such as neuromotor and intellectual disabilities, may encounter serious orientation and mobility problems even in familiar indoor environments, such as their homes. Teaching these persons to develop maps of their daily environment, using miniature replicas of the areas or some…

  19. Work Status and Work Performance of People With DisabilitiesAn Empirical Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha N. Ozawa; Yeong Hun Yeo

    2006-01-01

    As the U.S. economy is thrust into the global economy and meets global economic competition, the country needs to mobilize people with disabilities to participate in the labor force and enable them to work and earn money optimally. Therefore, it is important to investigate the extent to which disability affects the employment rate and the levels of hourly wages and

  20. Evaluation of an Application for Making Palmtop Computers Accessible to Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stock, Steven E.; Davies, Daniel K.; Davies, Katelyn R.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2006-01-01

    Background: Palmtop computers provide a promising mobile platform to address barriers to computer-based supports for people with intellectual disabilities. This study evaluated a specially designed interface to make navigation and features of palmtop computers more accessible to users with intellectual disabilities. Method: The specialised…

  1. Culture and Disability Behavior

    PubMed Central

    Brodsky, Carroll M.

    1983-01-01

    A substantial amount of literature suggests that illness behavior in the United States is a product of a patient's core culture; equally credible findings do not support this contention. Most students and graduates in the health care professions believe that illness and disability behavior are affected by a patient's culture, but they are hard put to find convincing examples of that relationship. In experience with medical students studying the social and cultural bases of illness behavior, with patients who are disabled and with persons who claim disability in the absence of physical disease or disabling psychopathology, I observed no deviant disability behavior that was typical for the members of any cultural group, and no behavior was displayed by the members of one cultural group that was not seen in members of other cultural groups. No cultural stereotypes were upheld. I did find evidence that disability behavior is influenced by personality factors, social situations and the gains derived from the disability status. Evolving concepts of “entitlement,” which are closely related to socioeconomic status, also have a significant influence. The impact of feedback from others in a person's many social and medical subcultures is a more crucial determinant of illness and disability behavior, except in those for whom illness and disability behavior is determined by the limitations imposed by the disease or by a personality structure resistant to cultural expectations and social feedback. PMID:6666106

  2. Minority Perceptions of the Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grand, Sheldon A.; Strohmer, Douglas C.

    1983-01-01

    Investigated the attitudes of Black versus White male students (N=60) toward three different disability types. Results showed significant differences between race, disability type, and social distance with Blacks evaluating disabled persons more highly. (LLL)

  3. Understanding Children with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Michael H.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Focuses on characteristics of learning disabled children, definitions and etiologies of learning disabilities, and screening and intervention procedures. Also reviews recent research on learning disabilities, and suggests future directions for child welfare professionals. (CM)

  4. Defined Benefit Eligible Disability Program

    E-print Network

    .................................................................................................7 Offsets related to Social Security and Other Disability ProgramsLANS Defined Benefit Eligible Disability Program Benefit Program Summary Effective June 1, 2006 IMPORTANT This is a summary of the highlights of the LANS Defined Benefit Eligible Disability Program

  5. Disability and dignity-enabling home environments.

    PubMed

    Gibson, Barbara E; Secker, Barbara; Rolfe, Debbie; Wagner, Frank; Parke, Bob; Mistry, Bhavnita

    2012-01-01

    In Canada where long-term care is primarily oriented to elderly persons and affordable accessible housing is limited, younger disabled adults may be living in circumstances that do not meet their health needs and contribute to their social exclusion. The purpose of this study was to undertake an ethical analysis of what constitute an 'adequate' home environment for adults with significant mobility disabilities. An integrated design was used that combined qualitative interviews with normative ethical analysis in an iterative process. Twenty interviews with 19 participants were conducted in Ontario, Canada with two groups: younger adults (ages 18-55) with mobility disabilities and 'decision-makers' who consisted of policy makers, program administrators and discharge planners. Data were analyzed using a critical disability ethics approach and processes of reflective equilibrium. Drawing on Nora Jacobson's (Jacobson, 2009) taxonomy of dignity and pluralistic approaches to social justice, the concept of 'social dignity' provides a lens for exploring the adequacy of home environments for disabled people. Analyses suggested seven threshold conditions necessary for a dignity-enabling home: the ability to form and sustain meaningful relationships; access to community and civic life; access to control and flexibility of daily activities; access to opportunities for self-expression and identity affirmation; access to respectful relationships with attendants; access to opportunities to participate in school, work or leisure; access to physical, psychological and ontological security. The results have implications for housing, health and social care policies, and political reform. Social dignity provides a normative ethical grounding for assessing the adequacy of home environments. The threshold elements outline specific dignity-enabling conditions that are open to further specification or elaboration in different contexts. PMID:22142787

  6. Medical Education and Disability Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fiona Kumari Campbell

    2009-01-01

    The biomedicalist conceptualization of disablement as a personal medical tragedy has been criticized by disability studies scholars for discounting the difference between disability and impairment and the\\u000a ways disability is produced by socio-environmental factors. This paper discusses prospects for partnerships between disability\\u000a studies teaching\\/research and medical education; addresses some of the themes around the necessity of critical disability\\u000a studies training

  7. Incidents of Security Concern

    SciTech Connect

    Atencio, Julian J.

    2014-05-01

    This presentation addresses incidents of security concern and an incident program for addressing them. It addresses the phases of an inquiry, and it divides incidents into categories based on severity and interest types based on whether security, management, or procedural interests are involved. A few scenarios are then analyzed according to these breakdowns.

  8. The Disabled: Media's Monster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bogdan, Robert; And Others

    1982-01-01

    From the early nineteenth century to the present, horror, gangster, and adventure films, television, the comics, and newspapers have shown physical and mental disabilities to connote murder, violence, and danger. Such false portrayals have promoted negative public attitudes toward people with disabilities. (Author/MJL)

  9. Disciplining Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burton, Janieth

    2012-01-01

    Discipline in schools can be difficult, especially when dealing with students with disabilities. In fact, Clash (2006) reported that working with students with disabilities under stringent legal demands has become a source of stress for many principals. The typical principal has not received extensive preservice or inservice training in this area.…

  10. Learning Disabilities: Lifelong Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Shirley C., Ed.; Ellis, William, Ed.

    This book contains papers on learning disabilities based on presentations made at the "Summit on Learning Disabilities: A National Responsibility," held in September 1994. The first section provides an overview and includes "The State of Research" (G. Reid Lyon). The second section focuses on education and includes: "Preventing Early Reading…

  11. Ghana: Disability and Spirituality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Botts, Betsy H.; Evans, William H.

    2010-01-01

    This descriptive study explores the educational system and attitudes toward disability in the Volta Region of Ghana. Traditional, Christian, and Islamic beliefs toward disability are explored. Educators from Accra and three families from the Volta Region with children with special needs are interviewed in an effort to explore the connection…

  12. Disaster and disabilities 

    E-print Network

    Stough, Laura

    2014-01-01

    . W. (2006). Academic and behavioral reactions of children with disabilities to the loss of a firefighter father. Review of Disability Studies, 2(3), 68–77. Christensen, K. M., Collins, S. D., Holt, J. M., & Phillips, C. N. (2006). The relationship...

  13. Disability Employment 101

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. Employers can make sound business decisions and gain a competitive advantage by using this guide to increase the…

  14. Assessment of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepard, Lorrie A.

    The assessment and diagnosis of learning disabilities (LD) in the school is problematic. How do educators determine who is learning disabled? What practices are recommended? The main focus of the paper is on specific, relatively technical points that influence the validity of assessment. Since technical concerns are only one of the factors…

  15. Learning Disabilities and Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Brown, Dale S., Ed.

    This book provides information on preparing individuals with learning disabilities for the challenges of employment and outlines the rights of those with learning disabilities in the workplace. Introductory chapters in Part 1 include: "Life after School: Challenges in the Workplace" (Paul J. Gerber); "The New Economy in the 21st Century:…

  16. Some Ideologies of Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Low, Colin

    2006-01-01

    The paper analyses the "separate systems of honour" which constitute the ideologies surrounding disability. After critiquing traditional (false conscious and liberal) and radical (separate development and pseudo-radical) responses to the disadvantaged and humiliating situation of disability, it concludes by advancing a genuinely radical response…

  17. Democratizing Disability Inquiry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Kliewer; Douglas Biklen

    2000-01-01

    The advent of the disability rights movement poses what some suggest to be a conundrum for disability researchers concerned with issues of community and education services, supports, and policy: Have we, in fact, now entered a brave new world of policy decisions based not on detached science but on the impulsive desires of a decidedly ideological collective? In response, we

  18. Working with the Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hetherington, Cheryl; Sandmeyer, Louise

    1979-01-01

    In a period of declining college enrollments, it is important to serve all qualified students, especially disabled students who may not be attracted to a college unless the college is responding to their needs. The role of the counselor is to translate awareness of needs into positive action for the disabled student. (Author)

  19. 77 FR 8234 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and Rehabilitation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-- Disability and...

  20. 76 FR 33744 - Final Priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-09

    ...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Disability...funding priority for the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers...

  1. Educational and Sex Differentials in Life Expectancies and Disability-Free Life Expectancies in Săo Paulo, Brazil, and Urban Areas in Mexico

    PubMed Central

    Andrade, Flávia Cristina Drumond

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To estimate transition probabilities between disability states, total life expectancy, and the latter’s decomposition into years spent disabled and disability-free by age, sex and education among older adults in Săo Paulo, Brazil, and urban areas in Mexico. Methods Applied a micro-simulation method (Interpolative Markov Chains) using longitudinal data. Results We found large between-country educational differences in incidence of and recovery from disability with higher rates in Mexico than in Săo Paulo, but no differences in mortality. Older adults in Mexico spent longer time being disability-free than in Săo Paulo for both levels of education. Males and females in Săo Paulo spent a larger fraction of their remaining life disabled at every age than their counterparts in urban areas in Mexico. Discussion There were educational differences in the prevalence of disability in Săo Paulo and urban areas in Mexico, and significant educational differences in disability incidence and recovery across sites. PMID:23781016

  2. Workers with disabilities.

    PubMed

    Blanck, P D; Pransky, G

    1999-01-01

    Individuals with disabilities constitute a sizable portion of the workforce and represent the majority of working-age persons who are unable to work. Historically, barriers to employment have included attitudinal discrimination by employers, lack of workplace accommodations, and inadequate job training. The disability rights movement has achieved considerable success in promoting legislation to remove these barriers and uphold equal employment. Research suggests that many employers actively attempt to incorporate persons with disabilities into the workforce and gain substantial economic benefit from their participation, without incurring burdensome expenses. Occupational health providers are asked by employers and others to provide input on feasibility and safety, a difficult task given the lack of scientific study on the occupational abilities and risks associated with specific disabilities. Providers have an important role in promoting the equal employment of disabled persons, by providing objective opinions on their ability and risks on the job and suggesting workplace accommodations and treatments that enhance the ability to work. PMID:10378977

  3. Chronic Disease and Disability of the Poor: Tackling the challenge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Yach

    2001-01-01

    Derek Yach examines the range of factors that drive the increase in chronic disease incidence, disability and death among the poor: from social and demographic changes and patterns of consumption, to infectious disease, under-nutrition, trauma and the structure and focus of health services. He shows how the burden of disease is exacerbated by material deprivation and low levels of education.

  4. Vitamin D and Fractures in People with Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanlint, S.; Nugent, M.

    2006-01-01

    Background: People with intellectual disability (ID) are thought to be at an increased risk of fractures. The extent of this increase in risk has been incompletely documented in the literature, and the underlying reasons remain to be elucidated. Methods: The aims of our study were to document the vitamin D status and fracture incidence in an…

  5. Notions of Self: Lived Realities of Children with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Vanessa; Ghai, Anita

    2009-01-01

    To research children's notions of self, semi-structured interviews, drawings and focused group discussions were used with 14 children with mobility "impairments" aged 11-16 years. The objective was to capture children's "lived realities". Findings illuminated immense variation and fluidity in children's understanding of "disability". Children…

  6. Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks

    E-print Network

    Yu, Chansu

    frequently 8 Mobile IP Overview Goal Mobile wireless computers can attach to the Internet and remain attachedMobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/Mobile Computing/ Mobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile NetworksMobile Networks Mobile IP Prof. Chansu Yu 2 Contents IP for Wired Network Mobile IP Overview Basic

  7. Spatial hearing in children with visual disabilities.

    PubMed

    Ashmead, D H; Wall, R S; Ebinger, K A; Eaton, S B; Snook-Hill, M M; Yang, X

    1998-01-01

    A study is reported of the effect of early visual experience on the development of auditory space perception. The spatial hearing of thirty-five children with visual disabilities (twenty-two with congenital total blindness) was compared with that of eighteen sighted children and seventeen sighted adults. The tests provided a comprehensive assessment of spatial-hearing ability, including psychophysical estimates of spatial resolution in the horizontal, vertical, and distance dimensions, as well as measures of reaching and walking to the locations of sound sources. The spatial hearing of the children with visual disabilities was comparable to or somewhat better than that of the sighted children and adults. This pattern held even when the group with visual disabilities was restricted to those children with congenital total blindness; in fact, some of those children had exceptionally good spatial hearing. These findings imply that the developmental calibration of human spatial hearing is not dependent on a history of visual experience. It seems likely that this calibration arises from the experience of changes in sound-localization cues arising from self-motion, such as turning the head or walking. As a practical matter, orientation and mobility instructors may reasonably assume that individuals with visual disabilities can use their hearing effectively in day-to-day travel situations. PMID:9692091

  8. [Disability, vacation and travel--goals of a humane travel culture].

    PubMed

    Wilken, U

    1992-05-01

    In our society, holiday-making and travelling have become civic rights. Handicapped people however frequently find this "civic right to holiday travelling" difficult to implement in the usual manner. Mobility barriers, behavioural uncertainty in the social-communicative contact of disabled and non-disabled people but also financial limitations act as disincentives. It therefore is necessary that disabled persons' organizations, non-profit and commercial service providers but also the Federal government step-up their involvement in this field and get efforts toward improvement started, an endeavour that could be coordinated and inspired by the Tourism and People with Disabilities working group established in 1989. PMID:1386157

  9. Reflections on Growing Up Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

    The book offers firsthand accounts of the experiences and perceptions of disabled persons, as well as the views of parents of disabled children. Entries include the following titles: "Reflections of Disabled Children" (J. Umbreit and D. Baker); "The Handicap That Had No Name" (D. Brown); "Orthopedically Disabled: Determination on Wheels" (D.…

  10. Adaptive Technology for the Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filipczak, Bob

    1993-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 has made it illegal to discriminate against a disabled job applicant who is capable of doing the job. Adaptive devices allow even severely disabled people to perform jobs. Employers can use technology to help disabled employees be as productive as others. (JOW)

  11. Depression and Anxiety in Two Groups of Adults with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoy, Cheri; Gregg, Noel; Wisenbaker, Joseph; Manglitz, Elaine; King, Michael; Moreland, Elaine

    1997-01-01

    This study examined the incidence of depression and anxiety in 184 college students with learning disabilities (LD), 57 young adults with LD receiving rehabilitation services, and 140 college students without LD. Females with LD in the rehabilitation setting showed a higher incidence of depression and college students with LD demonstrated…

  12. Universal Design for Learning: A Look at What Algebra and Biology Students with and without High Incidence Conditions Are Saying

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kortering, Larry J.; McClannon, Terry W.; Braziel, Patricia M.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines findings on student perceptions of individual interventions based on the principles of universal design for learning (UDL). The examination includes a comparison of the reported perceptions of mainstreamed students with high incidence disabilities (i.e., learning disabilities, behavioral disorders, or other health impairments…

  13. INCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORT DEPARTMENT: LOCATION OF INCIDENT

    E-print Network

    Waterloo, University of

    REPORTED: TIME: INJURY OR ILLNESS OTHER INCIDENTS INJURED'S NAME: OCCUPATION: AREA OF INJURY: PERSON WITH MOST CONTROL OF OCCUPATION: PROPERTY DAMAGE PROPERTY DAMAGE TO: NATURE OF DAMAGE: COST workspace or restricted action Stress/rushing Making safety devices inoperable Inadequate warning system

  14. Types of Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    ... situations. A woman in early midlife can develop multiple sclerosis, which may make it difficult to move around. ... Disorders (FASD) Fragile X Syndrome Hearing Loss Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Hemophilia Intellectual Disability Kernicterus Paralysis Sickle Cell ...

  15. Disabilities Act in Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daynes, Kristine S.

    1990-01-01

    Eight true or false questions explore implications of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Topics include AIDS, drug abuse, undue hardship, reasonable accommodation, and company size affected by the law. (SK)

  16. Incident analysis report

    SciTech Connect

    Gregg, D.W.; Buerer, A.; Leeds, S.

    1996-02-20

    This document presents information about a fire that occurred in January 1996 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This fire was caused by the spontaneous combustion of 100% fuming nitric acid. Topics discussed include: Summary of the incident; technical background; procedural background; supervision; previous incidents with 100% fuming nitric acid; and judgment of potential hazards.

  17. Mobility management in mobile IP

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sirisha Medidi; Forouzan Golshani

    2002-01-01

    There is an emerging interest in integrating mobile wireless communication with the Internet based on the Ipv6 technology. Many issues introduced by the mobility of users arise when such an integration is attempted. This paper addresses the problem of mobility management, i.e., that of tracking the current IP addresses of mobile terminals and sustaining active IP connections as mobiles move.

  18. Designing a Community Study of Moderately to Severely Disabled Older Women: The Women's Health and Aging Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JUDITH D. KASPER; SAM SHAPIRO; JACK M. GURALNIK; KAREN J. BANDEEN-ROCHE; LINDA P. FRIED

    PURPOSE: This paper reports on the design of a community-based study focusing on the effects of prevalent and incident disease and other modifying influences, on changes in functioning among moderately and severely disabled elderly women over a 3-year period (the Women's Health and Aging Study (WHAS)). METHODS: An approach to conceptualizing and assessing disability which captured functional diffi- culty across

  19. Accuracy and Precision of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Computer-Adaptive Tests (PEDI-CAT)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haley, Stephen M.; Coster, Wendy J.; Dumas, Helene M.; Fragala-Pinkham, Maria A.; Kramer, Jessica; Ni, Pengsheng; Tian, Feng; Kao, Ying-Chia; Moed, Rich; Ludlow, Larry H.

    2011-01-01

    Aim: The aims of the study were to: (1) build new item banks for a revised version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) with four content domains: daily activities, mobility, social/cognitive, and responsibility; and (2) use post-hoc simulations based on the combined normative and disability calibration samples to assess the…

  20. POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF NEXT-DAY RESERVATION POLICIES ON USERS OF AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT PARATRANSIT SYSTEMS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christoffel Venter

    2001-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) significantly improved the mobility of physically disabled persons. However, one component of the ADA regulation has potentially adverse effects on users--namely, reservation policies. ADA allows operators to restrict paratransit trips to those reserved 1 day or more in advance. The effects of next-day reservation policies are addressed with regard to the number

  1. Helping Adult Educators Understand Disability Disclosure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rocco, Tonette S.

    2001-01-01

    To help adult educators understand the process of disability disclosure, descriptions of the following are provided: the Americans with Disability Act of 1990, self-disclosure, disability disclosure, and identifying an undiagnosed disability. (Author/JOW)

  2. Mobility management in mobile IP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Medidi, Sirisha; Golshani, Forouzan

    2002-07-01

    There is an emerging interest in integrating mobile wireless communication with the Internet based on the Ipv6 technology. Many issues introduced by the mobility of users arise when such an integration is attempted. This paper addresses the problem of mobility management, i.e., that of tracking the current IP addresses of mobile terminals and sustaining active IP connections as mobiles move. The paper presents some architectural and mobility management options for integrating wireless access to the Internet. We then present performance results for Mobile IPv4, route optimization and Mobile IPv6.

  3. Disability in multiple sclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Chamot, Eric; Salter, Amber R.; Cutter, Gary R.; Bacon, Tamar E.; Herbert, Joseph

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To create a reference table of disability outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS) that would enable patients to rank their disability relative to others' with similar disease duration and to develop a cost-effective research tool for comparing MS severity across patient populations and time periods. Methods: The North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry collects disability data from patients with MS on a validated, 9-point Patient-Determined Disease Steps (PDDS) scale. We compiled the Disability Expectancy Table, which displays cumulative frequencies of PDDS scores for each year of disease duration, from 0 to 45 years. We also tabulated disease duration–adjusted mean ranks of PDDS scores, referred to as Patient-derived MS Severity Scores (P-MSSS). Results: The cohort consisted of 27,918 NARCOMS enrollees, 72.7% of whom were female and 90.1% of whom were white. Mean age at symptom onset was 30.1 ± 10.1 years, and age at enrollment was 47.1 ± 11.0 years. The Disability Expectancy Table and P-MSSS afford a detailed overview of disability outcomes in a large MS cohort over a 45-year period. In the first year of disease, 15% of patients reported need of ambulatory aid, and 4% needed bilateral assistance or worse; after 45 years of disease, 76% of patients required ambulatory aid, and 52% bilateral assistance or worse. Proportion of patients who reported minimal or no interference in daily activities (PDDS ? 1) declined from 63% in the first year to 8% after 45 years of disease. Conclusion: The Disability Expectancy Table allows individual patients to determine how their disability ranks relative to NARCOMS enrollees with the same disease duration. P-MSSS may be used to compare disability across patient populations and to track disease progression in patient cohorts. P-MSSS does not require a formal neurologic examination and may therefore find wide applicability as a practical and cost-effective outcome measure in epidemiologic studies. PMID:23427319

  4. Thrice disabling disability: enabling inclusive, socially just teacher education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Anthony Thompson

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this inquiry was to create a social justice?oriented inclusive and enabling pedagogy by situating traditional individualised views of disability alongside three alternative understandings: a disability studies in education perspective, a First Nations view of disability and one based upon the autism pride\\/autism?as?culture movement. Using both these conventional and somewhat unconventional views of disability, a self?reflective case study

  5. Thrice disabling disability: enabling inclusive, socially just teacher education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Anthony Thompson

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this inquiry was to create a social justice-oriented inclusive and enabling pedagogy by situating traditional individualised views of disability alongside three alternative understandings: a disability studies in education perspective, a First Nations view of disability and one based upon the autism pride\\/autism-as-culture movement. Using both these conventional and somewhat unconventional views of disability, a self-reflective case study

  6. Active type robotic mobility aid control based on passive behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oscar Chuy Jr; Yasuhisa Hirata; Kazuhiro Kosuge

    2007-01-01

    This paper proposes a motion control algorithm for an active type of robotic mobility aid based on passive behavior concept. Passive behavior is an important characteristic of a system that provides mobility to elderly or person with walking disability. It allows the user to control the system based on intention. Passive behavior is implemented using imposed desired dynamics, which represents

  7. Psychiatric Disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John T. Pardeck

    1998-01-01

    People with psychiatric disabilities are often victims of job discrimination. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 makes it very clear that job discrimination based on a psychiatric impairment is illegal. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) reports that psychiatric disability is one of the leading causes why persons file discrimination complaints. Given this situation, an analysis is offered

  8. Critical Incident Stress Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey T. Mitchell

    Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) is a comprehensive, integrated, systematic and multi- component crisis intervention program. It was developed to help manage traumatic experiences within organizations and communities. CISM is a \\

  9. Date of Incident Time of Incident Location of Incident Type of Incident Name of Course and Section Number Department Name

    E-print Network

    Snider, Barry B.

    Date of Incident Time of Incident Location of Incident Type of Incident Name of Course and Section Number Department Name Student Name(s) (those involved in incident ­ please submit a separate form for each individual) Class Year / Graduate Student Email Witnesses Name(s) Class Year / Graduate Student

  10. Dynamics of Incident Response

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johannes Wiik; Klaus-Peter Kossakowski

    In a continuously changing environment, a Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT) has to evolve to sustain or improve its effectiveness. The main task of a CSIRT is to mitigate the effects of computer security incidents. A frequently identified problem is that CSIRTs are over-worked, under-staffed and under-funded. We present a conceptual model of such conditions based on a case

  11. Illness and Disability for Girls

    MedlinePLUS

    ... live independently Celebrities with illnesses and disabilities Real girls with illnesses and disabilities If you know someone ... themselves as having one. In the end, teen girls of all shapes, sizes, and conditions want many ...

  12. Disability and Health: Healthy Living

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a weapon. Sexual violence of any kind, including rape. Emotional abuse, including verbal attacks or being humiliated. ... of adults with a disability were victims of sexual assault vs. 3.9% of adults without disabilities. In ...

  13. INSTITUTE ON DISABILITY Shared Vision

    E-print Network

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    Persons with Disabilities. Client Subsystem Family Subsystem Health Subsystem Social Subsystem develops partnerships with academic, social welfare, government, business, non-profits and all other#12;INSTITUTE ON DISABILITY Shared Vision ·Alliance with The Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law

  14. Serving Adult Learners with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polson, Cheryl J.; White, Warren J.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses how adult basic educators can respond to the mandates of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Addresses remediation versus accommodation, disability identification, and how to choose and evaluate the effectiveness of accommodations. (JOW)

  15. Women with Disabilities

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This new site from the National Women's Health Information Center offers a plethora of resources of interest to women with disabilities and those who work and live with them. Divided into topical areas such as abuse, parenting, and sexuality, the site has a range of information about different types of disabilities and how they may particularly affect women. Also provided is information on federal laws and regulations that protect those with disabilities as well as extensive lists of services and support resources. A section on statistics may prove especially useful to researchers and educators. This site has literally hundreds of helpful links and publications and will be useful to both the general public and professionals.

  16. Ability - Not Disability: Wheelchairs.

    E-print Network

    Anonymous,

    1981-01-01

    lUI." _ rA245.7 73 ).1254 The Texas A&M University System .Jf Texas Agricu~tural Extension Service Daniel C. Plannstiel . Director College Station ABILITY NOT DISABILITY . W'heelchairs 8-1254 '! y [Blank Page in Original Bulletin...] .~ ... ABILITY - NOT DISABILITY: WHEELCHAIRS For the homemaker in a wheelchair, the key to running a home well is to have an efficient and usable kitchen and laundry area. Not everyone can build a new kitchen, but alterations can make chores easier...

  17. Disability Management in Small Firms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drury, David

    1991-01-01

    Notes that American research has paid relatively little attention to prospects for adapting disability management practices to financial and management environment of smaller employers. Compares large and small firms in terms of employer disability practices and characteristics of disabled workers; discusses barriers to rehabilitation and…

  18. Accommodating Workers with Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satcher, Jamie

    Someone who has a learning disability has difficulty in perceiving, understanding, and using information from the environment. This disability can cause problems in reading, listening, speaking, writing, spelling, or performing mathematics. Furthermore, learning disabilities may affect motor functioning, memory, and attention. Because a growing…

  19. Literary Characters Who Are Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Keith; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Determines which specific disability categories appear most often in literature, when they appear, and which authors have contributed most to their appearance. Physical disabilities have been portrayed most often, followed by alcoholism and sensory disorders. Most portrayals of disabilities appeared between 1900 and 1949 and Charles Dickens wrote…

  20. Disability Studies and Art Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derby, John

    2011-01-01

    This article promotes the field of disability studies as a valuable resource for expanding art education's concept of disability and as a promising venue for interdisciplinary dialogue. While art education has persistently supported special education since its inception, disability advocacy has advanced in the past two decades toward…

  1. The Gifted Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1994

    This collection of articles on gifted learning disabled students begins with an explanation of the philosophy of the Center for Talented Youth at Johns Hopkins University (Maryland), a list of characteristics of gifted disabled students, and three definitions of learning disabilities. The following papers are then provided: "Gifted but Learning…

  2. Familial Patterns of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sandra

    1992-01-01

    Pedigree analysis of 12 young adults (9 of whom had learning disabilities) indicated that learning disability (LD) was strongly familial but that the type of disability (reading or math) was not directly inherited. Autoimmune disorders were significantly correlated with LD. In seven of the LD families, adults failed to overcome earlier reading and…

  3. Disabled People in Japanese Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kojima, Yoko, Ed.; And Others

    The volume is intended to give readers a glimpse of the day-to-day life of disabled people in Japan. Eight brief papers present life experiences of a mentally retarded preschooler, severely disabled children, a child with muscular dystrophy, a young girl with polio living in the community, visually disabled and recovering mentally ill people…

  4. SenSec: Mobile Security through Passive Sensing Jiang Zhu, Pang Wu, Xiao Wang, Joy Zhang

    E-print Network

    Tague, Patrick

    to provide active authentication (such as a strong password), or disable certain features of the mobile and convenient authentication is an essential re- quirement for a mobile device and its applications. Today mobile banking apps. Because the gesture patterns are so different between you two, the SenSec system

  5. Security versus energy tradeoffs in host-based mobile malware detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey Bickford; H. Andrés Lagar-Cavilla; Alexander Varshavsky; Vinod Ganapathy; Liviu Iftode

    2011-01-01

    The rapid growth of mobile malware necessitates the presence of robust malware detectors on mobile devices. However, running malware detectors on mobile devices may drain their battery, causing users to disable these protection mechanisms to save power. This paper studies the security versus energy tradeoffs for a particularly challenging class of malware detectors, namely rootkit detectors. We investigate the security

  6. The assessment of disability with the Groningen Activity Restriction Scale. Conceptual framework and psychometric properties.

    PubMed

    Kempen, G I; Miedema, I; Ormel, J; Molenaar, W

    1996-12-01

    The conceptual framework, psychometric properties, descriptive statistics, and the rules for administration and scoring of the Groningen Activity Restriction Scale (GARS) for assessing disability in the area of ADL (Activities of Daily Living including mobility) as well as IADL (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living) are presented. The result show that the GARS, which can be administered both face-to-face and by mail questionnaire, is an easy to administer, comprehensive, reliable, hierarchical, and valid measure for assessing disability in older people. By integrating previously developed scales measuring different domains of disability (ADL, IADL, and mobility) and the use of a four-category response format, an accurate and detailed measure of disability can be obtained and a broader range of needs of subjects can be described. The GARS manual, including detailed procedures for administration and scoring, encourages unambiguous administration and interpretation which results in more comparable research outcomes. PMID:8961404

  7. School problems and solutions for students with disabilities: a qualitative examination.

    PubMed

    Sorani-Villanueva, Sandra; McMahon, Susan D; Crouch, Ronald; Keys, Christopher B

    2014-01-01

    The inclusion of students with disabilities is a process that requires collaboration among multiple individuals, with teachers, aides, parents, students, and school systems playing important roles in resolving student problems. In the current study, we examined data from 75 teachers concerning 126 students about problems that students with disabilities had following a transition from a school primarily serving students with disabilities to more inclusive schools. Reported problems were reviewed and five major themes emerged: academic, behavioral, mobility/accessibility, social, and transportation issues. Teachers typically resolved academic problems by working directly with the student or collaborating with school staff. Social problems were resolved through student and teacher initiatives. Behavioral, transportation, and mobility/accessibility problems were resolved through collaboration among many key school figures and family members. Implications for theory, research, and inclusive school practices related to academic curricula, resources, services, and architectural accommodations for students with disabilities are discussed. PMID:24447159

  8. 75 FR 39429 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)-- International...

  9. 75 FR 27324 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)-- International...

  10. 75 FR 39779 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-12

    ...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Center on Knowledge...

  11. Mobile Visual Aid Tools for Users with Visual Impairments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xu Liu; David S. Doermann; Huiping Li

    2008-01-01

    \\u000a In this chapter we describe “MobileEye”, a software suite which converts a camera enabled mobile device into a multi-function\\u000a vision tool that can assist the visually impaired in their daily activities. MobileEye consists of four subsystems, each customized\\u000a for a specific type of visual disabilities: A color channel mapper which can tell the visually impaired different colors;\\u000a a software based

  12. Safer Science: Making Adjustments for Mobility-Impaired Students

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ken Roy

    2008-07-01

    Students' mobility impairments need to be addressed for access to and safety in science laboratories. Typical accommodations for mobility-impaired students include workstations, sinks, fume hoods, and safety eyewashes and showers, in addition to other adaptations. The following are some of the higher profile accommodations based primarily on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS) expectations for mobility-impaired students and faculty members.

  13. Disability Employment 101

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this guide is to acquaint business and industry with the programs and resources available to help diversify the workforce by hiring people with disabilities. It also provides information to businesses on how to access resources to better meet the growing need of business for a skilled workforce. This guide is the product of a joint…

  14. Enabling the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sally

    1993-01-01

    Presents answers to common questions on meeting the needs of students with learning disabilities (LD) in regular classrooms. Describes LD, offers instructional strategies, and discusses teaching abstract concepts, student self-esteem, student depression, teacher emotions, inclusive education, how to tell whether someone has LD, and where to get…

  15. Handbook of Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odom, Samuel L., Ed.; Horner, Robert H., Ed.; Snell, Martha E., Ed.; Blacher, Jan, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge about developmental disabilities: neuroscientific and genetic foundations; the impact on health, learning, and behavior; and effective educational and clinical practices. Leading authorities analyze what works in intervening with diverse children and families, from infancy…

  16. Disability, stigma and deviance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan Susman

    1994-01-01

    An important contribution social science research makes to understanding the experiences of disabled individuals in the U.S. is to illuminate the influence of stigma and deviance on those experiences. Because perceptions of negative difference (deviance) and their evocation of adverse responses (stigma) have been and continue to be widespread, it is these with which alternate perceptions and responses vie in

  17. Health Professionals with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Cinotti, Debra A.

    2009-01-01

    When it comes to education from K-12 and into the college years, the literature is replete with stories of the accomplishments of youngsters and adults with any number of disabilities who surpassed the expectations of their families and teachers. Similarly, there are an increasing number of examples of young men and women with a range of…

  18. Medication and Reading Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphries, Laurie L.

    1981-01-01

    The clinical syndrome which relates most frequently to the reading-disabled child is the attention deficity disorder. The child psychiatrist will generally resort to medication only when behavioral management techniques have failed. The two most frequently used medications are Ritalin and Dexedrine, central nervous system stimulants. (JN)

  19. Designing for the Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldsmith, Selwyn

    Implications of the merits of normality and independence for the disabled, and their relevance to architectural design criteria are discussed. The introduction reflects the philosophical approach to the design and construction of public buildings and housing. Nine principle sections provide data and recommendations on the following topics:…

  20. Enabling the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Carrie Wehmann; Hounshell, Paul B.

    1998-01-01

    Addresses the dearth of materials in science for the learning disabled student. Suggests some teaching strategies such as a student assignment journal, the usefulness of mnemonics, and incorporating technology such as computers as much as possible. Also discusses classroom organization, assessment strategies, and how to build confidence. (AIM)

  1. Disability, Disorder, and Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2013-01-01

    The World Health Organization's "International Classification of Diseases" ("ICD") is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the "ICD" has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field,…

  2. Voluntary Disenrollment from Medicare Managed Care: Market Factors and Disabled Beneficiaries

    PubMed Central

    Mobley, Lee; McCormack, Lauren; Booske, Bridget; Wang, Jiantong; Brown, G. Gordon; West, Nathan; Lynch, Judith; Squire, Claudia; Heller, Amy

    2005-01-01

    Disenrollment rates from Medicare managed care plans have been reported to the public as an indicator of health plan quality. Previous studies have shown that voluntary disenrollment rates differ among vulnerable subgroups, and that these rates can reflect patient care experiences. We hypothesized that disabled beneficiaries may be affected differently than other beneficiaries by competitive market factors, due to higher expected expenditures and impaired mobility. Findings suggest that disabled beneficiaries are more likely to experience multiple problems with managed care. PMID:17290627

  3. Unidentified undescended testes in teenage boys with severe learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Haire, A R; Flavill, Jenny; Groom, W D; Dhandapani, B

    2015-05-01

    Nine boys of secondary school age were referred with undescended testes (UDT) to paediatric surgeons over a period of 8?years. All were referred from the same community paediatric clinic for children with severe learning disabilities. UDT cause concern because of a threefold increase in the incidence of cancer. Cosmesis and reduced fertility were seen as less relevant issues for these boys. The late identification and incidence of UDT are discussed. It is suggested that awareness of this issue should be raised and screening introduced. Advice is needed on the appropriate management of UDT in this group of boys. PMID:25643706

  4. Disability and rehabilitation in Mexico.

    PubMed

    Guzman, Juan Manuel; Salazar, Elva García

    2014-01-01

    Recent disability-related data are available from the 13th National Census of Population and Housing, which was performed in 2010. Disability assessment followed the recommendations of the Washington Group on Disability Statistics and identified 5,739,270 (5.1%) persons with disability, 51.1% of whom were women. Almost 60% of all persons 85 yrs or older reported disabilities. Policies and legislation endorse the rights of persons with disabilities. However, little is known about the real-life situation of persons with disabilities in Mexico as well as the met and unmet needs for rehabilitation. Rehabilitation services in Mexico are mainly organized by the Mexican Institute of Social Security. Because of the increasing need for rehabilitation, an innovative model of small first-level rehabilitation services has been designed and successfully implemented. This model has increased the capacity of rehabilitation services by 60% since 2003. PMID:24356080

  5. Preparing for major incidents.

    PubMed

    De Winne, Joan

    2006-05-15

    Major incidents occurred, occur and will still occur all over the world, at any place at any time. Such an event is not always handled like it should and could be. The reason for this is not necessarily a deficiency in preplanning or the non-existence of procedures or guidelines. A possible solution to make things work more fluidly could be the creation of a genuine vision and mission statement on disaster handling followed by the alignment of all involved services within the statement. This would be a real challenge for all authorities and services involved in the planning phase and the preparation for major incidents. PMID:16542807

  6. Robotic smart house to assist people with movement disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kwang-hyun Park; Zeungnam Bien; Ju-jang Lee; Byung Kook Kim; Jong-tae Lim; Jin-oh Kim; Heyoung Lee; Dimitar H. Stefanov; Dae-jin Kim; Jin-woo Jung; Jun-hyeong Do; Kap-ho Seo; Chong Hui Kim; Won-gyu Song; Woo-jun Lee

    2007-01-01

    This paper introduces a new robotic smart house, Intelligent Sweet Home, developed at KAIST in Korea, which is based on several robotic agents and aims at testing advanced concepts for independent\\u000a living of the elderly and people with disabilities. The work focuses on technical solutions for human-friendly assistance\\u000a in motion\\/mobility and advanced human-machine interfaces that provide simple control of all

  7. RAPID INCIDENT RESPONSE FRAMEWORK

    EPA Science Inventory

    Will discuss WERF Contract (RFP# 03-HHE-5PP), Protocols for the Timely Investigation of Potential Health Incidents Associated with Biosolids Land Application, as a member of the project advisory committee. The contractor, University of North Carolina, started work in early June, ...

  8. Incident meteoroid flux density

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Badadjanov, P. B.; Bibarsov, R. SH.; Getman, V. S.; Kolmakov, V. M.

    1987-01-01

    Complex photographic and radar meteor observations were carried out. Using the available observational data, the density of incident flux of meteoroids was estimated over a wide mass range of 0.001 to 100 g. To avoid the influence of apparatus selectivity a special technique was applied. The main characteristics of this technique are given and discussed.

  9. An Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit

    SciTech Connect

    Koch, Daniel B [ORNL; Payne, Patricia W [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Although the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) by centrally-located operations staff is well established in the area of emergency response, utilization by first responders in the field is uneven. Cost, complexity, and connectivity are often the deciding factors preventing wider adoption. For the past several years, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing a mobile GIS solution using free and open-source software targeting the needs of front-line personnel. Termed IMPACT, for Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit, this ORNL application can complement existing GIS infrastructure and extend its power and capabilities to responders first on the scene of a natural or man-made disaster.

  10. Predicting late-life disability and death by the rate of decline in physical performance measures†

    PubMed Central

    Hirsch, Calvin Hayes; B?žková, Petra; Robbins, John A.; Patel, Kushang V.; Newman, Anne B.

    2012-01-01

    Background: the rate of performance decline may influence the risk of disability or death. Methods: for 4,182 Cardiovascular Health Study participants, we used multinomial Poisson log-linear models to assess the contribution of physical performance in 1998–99, and the rate of performance change between 1992–93 and 1998–99, to the risk of death or disability in 2005–06 in three domains: mobility, upper-extremity function (UEF) and activities of daily living (ADL). We evaluated performance in finger-tapping, grip strength, stride length, gait speed and chair stands separately and together for each outcome, adjusting for age, gender, race and years of disability in that outcome between 1992–93 and 1998–99. Results: participants’ age averaged 79.4 in 1998–99; 1,901 died over 7 years. Compared with the lowest change quintile in stride length, the highest quintile had a 1.32 relative risk (RR) of ADL disability (95% CI: 1.16 –1.96) and a 1.27 RR of death (95% CI: 1.07 –1.51). The highest change quintile for grip strength increased the risk of ADL disability by 35% (95% CI: 1.13 –1.61) and death by 31% (95% CI: 1.16 –1.49), compared with the lowest quintile. The annual change in stride length and grip strength also predicted disability in mobility and UEF. Conclusion: performance trajectories independently predict death and disability. PMID:22156556

  11. Mobile marketing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fiona Jenkins

    2006-01-01

    Reminds us that mobile phones are ubiquitous and a status symbol for young people, so that more traditional media are getting on the act: Emap publishes a number of teenage magazine brands that have mobile databases and regards mobile marketing as a valuable tool, since messages to an opted-in audience are targeted and relevant. Outlines how this interactive system works:

  12. Processing of Speech Signals for Physical and Sensory Disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levitt, Harry

    1995-10-01

    Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities.

  13. Assistance System for Disabled People: A Robot Controlled by Blinking and Wireless Link

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Del Val, Lara; Jiménez, María I.; Alonso, Alonso; de La Rosa, Ramón; Izquierdo, Alberto; Carrera, Albano

    Disabled people already profit from a lot of technical assistance that improves their quality of life. This article presents a system which will allow interaction between a physically disabled person and his environment. This system is controlled by voluntary muscular movements, particularly those of face muscles. These movements will be translated into machine-understandable instructions, and they will be sent by means of a wireless link to a mobile robot that will execute them. Robot includes a video camera, in order to show the user the environment of the route that the robot follows. This system gives a greater personal autonomy to people with reduced mobility.

  14. Disabling Radiological Dispersal Terror

    SciTech Connect

    Hart, M

    2002-11-08

    Terror resulting from the use of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) relies upon an individual's lack of knowledge and understanding regarding its significance. Disabling this terror will depend upon realistic reviews of the current conservative radiation protection regulatory standards. It will also depend upon individuals being able to make their own informed decisions merging perceived risks with reality. Preparation in these areas will reduce the effectiveness of the RDD and may even reduce the possibility of its use.

  15. Unpacking intoxication, racialising disability.

    PubMed

    Chen, Mel Y

    2015-06-01

    This article examines concepts whose strictly medical applications have only partly informed their widespread use and suggests that demonstrably shared logics motivate our thinking across domains in the interest of a politically just engagement. It considers exchanges between the culturally complex concepts of 'toxicity' and 'intoxication', assessing the racialised conditions of their animation in several geopolitically-and quite radically-distinct scenarios. First, the article sets the framework through considering the racial implications of impairment and disability language of 'non-toxic' finance capital in the contemporary US financial crisis. Shifting material foci from 'illiquid financial bodies' to opiates while insisting that neither is 'more' metaphorically toxic than the other, the article turns to address the role of opium and temporality in the interanimations of race and disability in two sites of 19th-century British empire: Langdon Down's clinic for idiocy, and China's retort on opium to Queen Victoria. The article concludes with a provocation that suggests yet another crossing of borders, that between researcher and researched: 'intoxicated method' is a hypothetical mode of approach that refuses idealised research positions by 'critically disabling' the idealised cognitive and conceptual lens of analysis. PMID:26052116

  16. This Is My Story: I've Got Cancer. "The Veronica Project": An Ethnographic Study of the Experiences of People with Learning Disabilities Who Have Cancer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene; Davies, John

    2007-01-01

    As people with learning disabilities live longer, and the incidence of cancer is rising, it is of increasing importance to understand the lived cancer experience of this group. Consideration of the viewpoints of people with learning disabilities themselves will facilitate the development of cancer support services that are appropriate and…

  17. Disability Prevalence and Demographic Association among Race/Ethnic Minority Populations in the United States: Implications for the 21st Century. Monograph Series Number Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asbury, Charles A.; And Others

    This research report examined the distribution and incidence of disabilities among minority communities. A review of literature is provided including relevant statistics on the prevalence of disabilities in African Americans and Hispanic Americans. The study used data from the National Health Interview Survey (n=122,859) to determine the…

  18. Summit on the National Effort To Prevent Mental Retardation and Related Disabilities. Summit Proceedings (Washington, D.C., February 6-7, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    President's Committee on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.

    This document reports the proceedings of a summit to assess the adequacy of the U.S. effort to prevent mental retardation and related disabilities and to chart the course for future strategies to reduce the incidence and ameliorate the effects of these disabilities, particularly when caused by socioeconomic conditions. The document contains…

  19. Late life depression and incident activity limitations: influence of gender and symptom Isabelle Carrirea,b,*

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Late life depression and incident activity limitations: influence of gender and symptom severity Background Mental disorders, especially depression, are one of the principal causes of disablement. Previous baseline depressive symptomatology and activity limitations were examined in a community-dwelling elderly

  20. FACULTY RESOURCE GUIDE TEACHING STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES

    E-print Network

    #12;#12;FACULTY RESOURCE GUIDE ­ TEACHING STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES Acknowledgements Resource Guide: Teaching Students with Disabilities ­ 1 ­ #12;FACULTY RESOURCE GUIDE ­ TEACHING STUDENTS ­ Faculty Resource Guide: Teaching Students with Disabilities #12;INTRODUCTION This newly revised Resource

  1. Disability Handbook University of California Retirement Plan

    E-print Network

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    1 Disability Handbook University of California Retirement Plan #12;2 #12;1 Table of Contents Disability Income UCRP Membership and Service Credit Requirements ....................................................... 3 Your UCRP Disability Date ..................................... 3 Required Information and Forms

  2. Responding to computer security incidents: Guidelines for incident handling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. E. Jr. Schultz; D. S. Brown; T. A. Longstaff

    1990-01-01

    These guidelines do not comprise an exhaustive set of incident handling procedures. A lengthy set of guidelines would be too intimidating to read and to incorporate into site contingency response plans. The discipline of responding to incidents is also very much in its infancy. Because so much is yet to be learned about handling incidents, this version of these guidelines

  3. Prevalence and features of ICF-disability in Spain as captured by the 2008 National Disability Survey

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Since 1986, the study of disability in Spain has been mainly addressed by National Disability Surveys (NDSs). While international attempts to frame NDS designs within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) have progressed, in general, the ICF has hardly been used in either the NDS or epidemiological studies. This study sought to identify ICF Activity- and Participation-related content in the most recent Spanish NDS, the 2008 Survey on Disabilities, Independence and Dependency Situations (Encuesta sobre discapacidades, autonomía personal y situaciones de Dependencia - EDAD 2008), and estimate the prevalence of such ICF-framed disability. Methods EDAD 2008 methods and questions were perused. Of the 51 EDAD items analysed, 29 were backcoded to specific d2-d7 domains of the ICF Checklist and, by rating the recorded difficulty to perform specific tasks with or without help, these were then taken as performance and capacity respectively. A global ICF score was also derived, albeit lacking data for d1, "Learning and applying knowledge", d8, "Major Life Areas" and d9, "Community, Social and Civic Life". Data were grouped by sex, age, residence and initial positive screening, and prevalence figures were calculated by disability level both for the general population, using the originally designed weights, and for the population that had screened positive to disability. Data for institutionalised persons were processed separately. Results Crude prevalence of ICF severe/complete and moderate disability among the community-dwelling population aged ?6 years was 0.9%-2.2% respectively, and that of severe/complete disability among persons living in sheltered accommodation was 0.3%. Prevalence of severe/complete disability was: higher in women than in men, 0.8% vs. 0.4%; increased with age; and was particularly high in domains such as "Domestic Life", 3.4%, "Mobility", 1.8%, and "Self-care", 1.9%, in which prevalence decreased when measured by reference to performance. Moreover, global scores indicated that severe/complete disability in these same domains was frequent among the moderately disabled group. Conclusions The EDAD 2008 affords an insufficient data set to be ICF-framed when it comes to the Activity and Participation domains. Notwithstanding their unknown validity, ratings for available ICF domains may, however, be suitable for consideration under the ADL model of functional dependency, suggesting that there are approximately 500,000 persons suffering from severe/complete disability and 1,000,000 suffering from moderate disability, with half the latter being severely disabled in domains capable of benefiting from technical or personal aid. Application of EDAD data to the planning of services for regions and other subpopulations means that need for personal help must be assessed, unmet needs ascertained, and knowledge of social participation and support, particularly for the mentally ill, improved. International, WHO-supported co-operation in ICF planning and use of NDSs in Spain and other countries is needed. PMID:22122806

  4. Disabilities among Children. Disability Statistics Abstract, Number 15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wenger, Barbara L.; And Others

    This abstract summarizes recent statistics on the prevalence and causes of disability among U.S. children, based on data from the 1992 National Health Interview Survey, a household survey of the noninstitutionalized U.S. population. Analysis indicates that there are difficulties in comparing disability prevalence across age groups; overall, 5.5…

  5. The World Report on Disability and People with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Officer, Alana; Shakespeare, Tom

    2013-01-01

    The "World Report on Disability" was requested by the World Health Assembly, the governing body of the World Health Organization (WHO). Because disability is broader than health, WHO partnered with the World Bank. The "World Report" was published in 2011 and provides a comprehensive scientific analysis on the global situation…

  6. Len Barton, inclusion and critical disability studies: theorising disabled childhoods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dan Goodley

    2010-01-01

    Len Barton has pioneered the sociological study of education in the areas of disability studies and inclusive education. This paper addresses an argument developed by Len Barton that social exclusion, of which disablism is one element, (1) has many compounding forms of differing exclusions, (2) is not a natural but a socially constructed process, (3) has no single factor that

  7. Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and Reasonable Accommodations (RA) Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Finding Breast Cancer Early Can Save Lives Disabilities & Breast Cancer Screening ...

  8. Northern Illinois University Disability and Accessibility Tutorial

    E-print Network

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    know who qualifies as "disabled"? 7 Do accommodations limit academic freedom and classroom integrity? 8 Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), chronic illness, learning disabilities, and mental illness. Without visible

  9. 20 CFR 416.1019 - Quick disability determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Quick disability determination process. 416.1019 Section 416...FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Determinations of Disability Quick Disability Determinations § 416.1019 Quick disability...

  10. Workflow Based Security Incident Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meletis A. Belsis; Alkis Simitsis; Stefanos Gritzalis

    2005-01-01

    \\u000a Security incident management is one of the critical areas that offers valuable information to security experts, but still\\u000a lacks much development. Currently, several security incident database models have been proposed and used. The discrepancies\\u000a of such databases entail that worldwide incident information is stored in different formats and places and, so, do not provide\\u000a any means for Computer Security Incident

  11. ICU incident reporting systems.

    PubMed

    Wu, Albert W; Pronovost, Peter; Morlock, Laura

    2002-06-01

    Intensive care is one of the largest and most expensive components of American health care. Studies suggest that errors and resulting adverse events are common in intensive care units (ICUs). The incidence may be as high as 2 errors per patient per day; 1 in 5 ICU patients may sustain a serious adverse event, and virtually all are exposed to serious risk for harm. Theories of error developed in aviation and other high-risk industries suggest that errors are likely to occur in all complex systems. Reporting of incidents, including both adverse events and near misses, is an essential component for improving safety. Voluntary, confidential reporting is likely to be more important than mandatory reporting. There have been a few efforts to apply such systems in medicine. In intensive care, the Australian Incident Monitoring System (AIMS)-ICU has been the most prominent. We have designed a Web-based ICU Safety Reporting System (ICUSRS). The goal is to identify high-risk situations and working conditions, to help change systems, and reduce the risk for error. The analysis and feedback of reports will inform the design of interventions to improve patient safety. The effort is aided substantially by collaboration with the 30 participating ICUs and important stakeholders including the Society of Critical Care Medicine, the American Society for Health-care Risk Management, the Food and Drug Administration Center for Devices and Radiological Health, the Foundation for Accountability, and the Leapfrog Group. A demonstration and evaluation of the system is underway, funded by the Agency for Healthcare Re-search and Quality. PMID:12096371

  12. Incident Management: Process into Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaac, Gayle; Moore, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Tornados, shootings, fires--these are emergencies that require fast action by school district personnel, but they are not the only incidents that require risk management. The authors have introduced the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and the Incident Command System (ICS) and assured that these systems can help educators plan for and…

  13. Incident Response: Breaking it Gently

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eve Edelson

    2003-01-01

    When incident responders don’t get enough respect or cooperation, maybe it’s because they appear only as bearers of bad news. A look at several scenarios for computer security incident response suggests that overall security can be improved when IT security staff have an ongoing relationship with ‘civilians’ and when the incident response function is integrated with backup and maintenance services,

  14. Incident Response Probabilistic Cognitive Maps

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jihčne Krichčne; Noureddine Boudriga

    2008-01-01

    Security incident response is a major activity to guarantee the protection of information systems. We develop in this paper a methodology for automatically determining responses to security incidents based on a new category of cognitive maps, referred to as incident response probabilistic cognitive map. The main issue addressed in this paper is the development of a methodology using mathematical tools

  15. Interviewing adults with intellectual disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gisli Gudjonsson; Theresa Joyce

    2011-01-01

    People with intellectual disabilities commonly come into contact with the criminal justice system as victims, witnesses or suspects. Their intellectual disabilities may make them disadvantaged in relation to all components of the criminal justice system, including police interviews, fitness to plead and stand trial, capacity to give evidence in court, and issues to do with criminal responsibility and sentencing. The

  16. Performing Determinism: Disability Culture Poetry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Petra Kuppers

    2007-01-01

    “Performing Determinism” discusses the performance of disability through poetry: the instability of language, the ability of words to clasp both generic and specific meaning, and the gaps that surround the performances of self. Disability culture acts as a frame for the inquiry, as the essay discusses crip aesthetics, crip critical practice, and the embodiment of language. In the reading of

  17. Voices of Disability in Nursing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perkins, Liz

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author shares her story of being a nurse with a disability who serves people with disabilities and older adults. She recounts her experience of what it is like to be stigmatized, marginalized, and to have lowered expectations because of her difference. The author had no right arm save about six inches from the shoulder down.…

  18. Students, Colleges, and Disability Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Stephen B.

    As recently as the 1960s and 1970s, comparatively few persons with disabilities were able to attend college, either due to limited financial resources or to the inaccessibility of the campus and college programs. Today, colleges have substantially increased their efforts to recruit, admit, and accommodate qualified students with disabilities and…

  19. A Feminist Theology of Disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Doreen Freeman

    2002-01-01

    Disability and long term incurable illness still attract a variety of demonisation and prejudice. This includes many of the same kinds of hostility that have faced women. Disabled people are blamed for their condition, regarded as bestial, grotesque and unclean. They are excluded from ritual spaces by Levitical law, modern prejudice and practical indifference. Feminist Theology has sometimes contributed to

  20. Disability Studies in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Steven J.

    2011-01-01

    As a topic of study, disability is not new at institutions of higher education. Psychological and intellectual disabilities have been of interest in psychiatry and psychology at least since the late 1800s and early 1900s. The post-World War II era, in particular, witnessed the rapid expansion of academic programs in special education, vocational…

  1. Neurological Aspects of Reading Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Louis R.

    The author, a neurologist, looks at the nature of reading disabilities. He suggests that many reading disabilities are the result of normal constitutional differences and that the term "minimal brain dysfunction" is rarely appropriate and does not help the remediation process. Noted are various theories which relate neurology and reading ability.…

  2. Learning Disabilities: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zollinger, Ruth H., Ed.; Klein, Nancy K., Ed.

    Presented are six papers originally delivered at a colloquium series on the problems of the learning disabled child, with emphasis on a multidisciplinary perspective. In "One Psychologist's Perspective on Learning Disabilities," J. Kessler provides an overview of the field with sections on definition and identification, etiology, testing as a…

  3. The Disability of Mind Doctrine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Herbert Fingarette

    1985-01-01

    Much of the controversy surrounding the insanity defense arises because the modern defense is not based on fundamental analysis and because it has developed in isolation from other modern mental- disability defenses. Unrelated doctrines, arising out of different early cases, have become increasingly unrealistic. Confusion and frustration ensue.The Disability of Mind (DOM) doctrine resulted from the attempt to identify the

  4. Generalist Genes and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plomin, Robert; Kovas, Yulia

    2005-01-01

    The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities--language…

  5. The World Report on Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bickenbach, Jerome

    2011-01-01

    The World Report on Disability, a joint endeavor of the World Health Organization and the World Bank, launched in June 2011, is an astonishing achievement that will set the standard for disability studies research for evidence-informed policy for years to come. The product of collaborative and participatory work between organizations of persons…

  6. Cognitive Development and Adolescent Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkind, David

    1985-01-01

    The author offers clinical examples of ways in which the attainment of formal operations in adolescents both exacerbates chronic disabilities and contributes to the etiology of new disabilities (such as in teenage obesity, anorexia nervosa, and depression). He suggests treatment guidelines. (CL)

  7. Friendships of Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saenz, Claudia

    This review of the literature addresses key considerations in the friendships of children with intellectual disabilities and is organized into four areas of friendship: perceptions, sports, social skills training, and setting effects. The study found that children with disabilities view their social relationships with peers favorably, despite the…

  8. College Students and Disability Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Stephen B.

    2000-01-01

    This article briefly reviews Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and identifies criteria used to determine whether a student is both "disabled" and "qualified." Then, specific areas of admission, accommodation, and dismissal are examined. Finally, guidelines for professors and administrators…

  9. Adults with Learning Disabilities Redux.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Paul J.

    2003-01-01

    This introductory article on adults with learning disabilities considers historical antecedents, the role of public policy (the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act), the movement within the field of learning disabilities emphasizing transition to adulthood, and the continuance of public policy…

  10. Information Technology and Disabilities (ITD)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Electronic Journal: Information Technology and Disabilities: Refereed journal focussed on the development and effective use of new and emerging technologies by computer users with disabilities. Founded by EASI (Equal Access to Software and Information), topics include issues affecting rehabilitation counselors, human resources professionals, and developers of adaptive computer hardware and software products.

  11. Disability Mediates the Impact of Common Conditions on Perceived Health

    PubMed Central

    Alonso, Jordi; Vilagut, Gemma; Adroher, Núria D.; Chatterji, Somnath; He, Yanling; Andrade, Laura Helena; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Fayyad, John; Florescu, Silvia; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hinkov, Hristo; Hu, Chiyi; Iwata, Noboru; Lee, Sing; Levinson, Daphna; Lépine, Jean Pierre; Matschinger, Herbert; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; O'Neill, Siobhan; Hormel, J.; Posada-Villa, Jose A.; Ismet Taib, Nezar; Xavier, Miguel; Kessler, Ronald C.

    2013-01-01

    Background We examined the extent to which disability mediates the observed associations of common mental and physical conditions with perceived health. Methods and Findings WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys carried out in 22 countries worldwide (n?=?51,344 respondents, 72.0% response rate). We assessed nine common mental conditions with the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and ten chronic physical with a checklist. A visual analog scale (VAS) score (0, worst to 100, best) measured perceived health in the previous 30 days. Disability was assessed using a modified WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS), including: cognition, mobility, self-care, getting along, role functioning (life activities), family burden, stigma, and discrimination. Path analysis was used to estimate total effects of conditions on perceived health VAS and their separate direct and indirect (through the WHODAS dimensions) effects. Twelve-month prevalence was 14.4% for any mental and 51.4% for any physical condition. 31.7% of respondents reported difficulties in role functioning, 11.4% in mobility, 8.3% in stigma, 8.1% in family burden and 6.9% in cognition. Other difficulties were much less common. Mean VAS score was 81.0 (SD?=?0.1). Decrements in VAS scores were highest for neurological conditions (9.8), depression (8.2) and bipolar disorder (8.1). Across conditions, 36.8% (IQR: 31.2–51.5%) of the total decrement in perceived health associated with the condition were mediated by WHODAS disabilities (significant for 17 of 19 conditions). Role functioning was the dominant mediator for both mental and physical conditions. Stigma and family burden were also important mediators for mental conditions, and mobility for physical conditions. Conclusions More than a third of the decrement in perceived health associated with common conditions is mediated by disability. Although the decrement is similar for physical and mental conditions, the pattern of mediation is different. Research is needed on the benefits for perceived health of targeted interventions aimed at particular disability dimensions. PMID:23762442

  12. Holland Vocational Personality Codes and People with Visual Disabilities: A Need for Caution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, W. Paul

    1995-01-01

    This study compared scores of adults (n=34) with blindness and sighted individuals on the Holland Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI) and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Findings indicated a higher incidence of unusual vocational codes selected by people with visual disabilities on the VPI and few differences between visually impaired…

  13. The Perspectives of Urban Single Mothers on Raising Adolescents with Aggressive Behaviors Associated with Emotional Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adewuyi, Olubade

    2012-01-01

    Single mothers of adolescents with emotional disabilities (ED) have a unique and sometimes difficult childrearing task. Researchers in some studies concluded that these children have a significantly higher incidence of school aggression than their peers from two-parent families. A substantive body of research explores parenting in families of…

  14. Hepatitis C Seroprevalence in an Institution for Residents with a Developmental Disability. Brief Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Eric

    1996-01-01

    An investigation was conducted in Australia of 156 individuals with developmental disabilities who were long-term clients of a residential institution, to determine the incidence of hepatitis C antibodies. Results indicated that none of the residents was seropositive and that hepatitis C is less prevalent than hepatitis B in residential…

  15. Markers for Aggression in Inpatient Treatment Facilities for Adults with Mild to Borderline Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenneij, Nienke H.; Didden, Robert; Stolker, Joost Jan; Koot, Hans M.

    2009-01-01

    In high care settings for persons with intellectual disability (ID) aggressive incidents often occur. Still little is known about factors that are associated with an increased risk for aggressive behavior in clients who are admitted to an inpatient treatment facility. In four inpatient facilities, 108 adults with mild and borderline ID and…

  16. Swinburne University of Technology Disability / Medical Documentation Form Disability Services requires students to provide documentation of a disability or medical condition from a relevant professional, before

    E-print Network

    Liley, David

    be accompanied by the qualified health professional's stamp or business card: Disability Information (To impairment Physical Disability Mental Health Condition Learning Disability Neurological Condition Medical

  17. Autonomous robot technology for advanced wheelchair and robotic aids for people with disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Bühler; Ralf Hoelper; Helmut Hoyer; Wolfram Humann

    1995-01-01

    The use of robotic technology in assistive devices opens new opportunities for people with severe disabilities (tetraplegia, spinal cord injuries, etc.) at work and in their private homes. It can reduce social exclusion and assist social and vocational integration. Highly manoeuvrable wheelchairs for indoor use and wheelchair mounted arms are of particular importance. Due to their mobility, they are available

  18. Effectiveness of Cognitive Skills-Based Computer-Assisted Instruction for Students with Disabilities: A Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weng, Pei-Lin; Maeda, Yukiko; Bouck, Emily C.

    2014-01-01

    Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) for students with disabilities can be categorized into the following categories: visual, auditory, mobile, and cognitive skills-based CAI. Cognitive-skills based CAI differs from other types of CAI largely in terms of an emphasis on instructional design features. We conducted both systematic review of…

  19. Comprehension of Humor in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Reading Disabilities, and without Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semrud-Clikeman, Margaret; Glass, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive, and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a…

  20. [Lymph mobilization].

    PubMed

    Froneberg, W; Fabian, G

    1989-07-01

    Following a review of the literature lymph mobilization is described. Function and causalities of lymph mobilization and their interactions are explained giving examples and an evaluation of the experience available up to date. In many cases, manual neurotherapy may result in coordination and normalization of disorders which do not respond to other forms of therapy. PMID:2672664

  1. EBSCOhost Mobile

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Burns; Sara Rofofsky Marcus

    2010-01-01

    The explosive growth in mobile technology coupled with widespread adoption among students, librarians, medical professionals, and corporate users means that research database providers need to be where the users are. EBSCO host Mobile was designed and developed to provide EBSCO host database users with a platform that makes the power of EBSCO host and its content highly accessible on the

  2. [Evolution of disability and dependency. An international perspective].

    PubMed

    Zunzunegui, María Victoria

    2011-12-01

    In societies with a high level of population aging, the ability to live autonomously is a major goal of public health. The present article examines recent population-based studies analyzing a possible reduction in the prevalence of disability and provides evidence on the unmet needs of dependent individuals.In the last few decades, disability and reduced mobility have decreased in elderly persons living in high-income countries, including Spain. This decrease is clear in persons aged less than 85 years old but the trends in persons older than 85 years are difficult to study due to the lack of information. These trends depend on greater education among the population, a reduction in social and gender inequalities and the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits. A reduction in dependency also depends on changes in the physical and social environment to encourage active aging. The health gains in the generation aged between 40 and 65 years do not seem high. The reductions in disability in the next 25 years will not be as great as those observed between 1990 and the present time, except for a possible reduction in disability in women due to a decrease in gender roles. Dependence on help from third persons will tend to decrease, except in dementia. Use of technical aids is increasing and will continue to do so. PMID:22169442

  3. Diminished Renal Function and the Incidence of Heart Failure

    PubMed Central

    Ärnlöv, Johan

    2009-01-01

    Heart failure is one of the most common, costly, disabling and deadly diseases. During the last decade, several different indices reflecting renal function such as creatinine-based glomerular filtration rate, circulating levels of cystatin C and low-grade albuminuria have been demonstrated to be independent risk factors for heart failure. This review summarizes our current knowledge of the relationship between diminished renal function and the incidence of heart failure in the community, and also in individuals with increased risk of heart failure such as patients with overt cardiovascular disease, hypertension or diabetes. This review will also put forward important areas of future research in this field. PMID:20676281

  4. Incidence of brittle nails.

    PubMed

    Lubach, D; Cohrs, W; Wurzinger, R

    1986-01-01

    Only few reports exist about the occurrence of brittle nails. We examined 1,584 persons with respect to the incidence of this anomaly. The patients were from five different groups: outpatients of a dental clinic, blood donors, residents of an old people's home, patients of a clinic for internal diseases and patients of a general practice. Approximately 20% of the subjects examined had brittle nails. Women suffered from brittleness of nails much more frequently than men (27 vs. 13%) with a ratio of men to women from 1:1.6 to 1:7 depending on age. 44% of the subjects affected (75% of the females, 25% of the males) had tried one or several treatments but only 26% believed in their curative effect. The market for the therapy of brittle nails in the FRG is estimated to be between 2 and 4 million people. PMID:3699216

  5. Grazing incidence beam expander

    SciTech Connect

    Akkapeddi, P.R.; Glenn, P.; Fuschetto, A.; Appert, Q.; Viswanathan, V.K.

    1985-01-01

    A Grazing Incidence Beam Expander (GIBE) telescope is being designed and fabricated to be used as an equivalent end mirror in a long laser resonator cavity. The design requirements for this GIBE flow down from a generic Free Electron Laser (FEL) resonator. The nature of the FEL gain volume (a thin, pencil-like, on-axis region) dictates that the output beam be very small. Such a thin beam with the high power levels characteristic of FELs would have to travel perhaps hundreds of meters or more before expanding enough to allow reflection from cooled mirrors. A GIBE, on the other hand, would allow placing these optics closer to the gain region and thus reduces the cavity lengths substantially. Results are presented relating to optical and mechanical design, alignment sensitivity analysis, radius of curvature analysis, laser cavity stability analysis of a linear stable concentric laser cavity with a GIBE. Fabrication details of the GIBE are also given.

  6. Biologic patterns of disability.

    PubMed

    Granger, C V; Linn, R T

    2000-01-01

    We describe the use of a mathematical/statistical method (i.e., Rasch analysis) to elucidate biological patterns of disability present in the functional ability of persons undergoing medical rehabilitation. Two measures chosen for illustration are the FIM Instrument for inpatients and the Body Movement and Control (BMC) measure for outpatients. In order to meet the assumptions necessary for application of linear statistics to clinical measurement studies, Rasch analysis was used to transform ordinal scales into linear measures. Another unique feature of Rasch analysis is that it allows evaluation of the difficulty of items and the abilities of persons being tested, separately, on the same metric. Also, the difficulty represented by each item may be arranged along a hierarchy from easy to hard. The hierarchies of functional ability items are dependent upon the specific patterns of disability related to underlying pathophysiology. For inpatients, initial analyses of the 18 items of the FIM Instrument demonstrated separate hierarchies for the 13 motor items and for the 5 cognition items. Subsequent analyses demonstrated five distinct patterns for the 13 motor items of: brain dysfunction, orthopedic conditions, pain conditions, ambulatory spinal cord dysfunction, and wheelchair users with spinal cord dysfunction. Two patterns were identified for cognition: stroke with right body hemiparesis and all others. For outpatients, the BMC measure of physical functioning is used to demonstrate that pathophysiologic conditions are expected to affect the hierarchial pattern of items differently. This was noted to be the case for persons with lower body dysfunction, low back pain, and neck pain/upper limb dysfunction. Based upon the item responses, sitting, reaching and standing appear to represent items most useful for discriminating between the three conditions in terms of the functional consequences. Rasch analysis, among other advantages, enables investigation of the subtle relationships among items and is a useful method to evaluate underlying biological patterns of disability. A clinician, using a map that shows the expected relationships between item scores, may observe that a particular patient matches or does not match the expected pattern. Such insights may help the clinician in monitoring the responses of the patient to treatment efforts. PMID:11272619

  7. Tips On Interacting With People With Disabilities 2 DIsabIlITy ETIQUETTE

    E-print Network

    Su, Xiao

    the Americans with Disabilities Act, the landmark civil rights law of 1990 that protects people with disabilities from discrimination. It has also made important contributions to the Fair Housing Amendments ActDisability etiquette Tips On Interacting With People With Disabilities #12;2 DIsabIlITy ETIQUETTE

  8. Students With Psychiatric Disabilities in Higher Education SettingsThe Americans With Disabilities Act and Beyond

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharlene A. Kiuhara; Dixie S. Huefner

    2008-01-01

    College students with psychiatric disabilities face multiple challenges. Judicial rulings under the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 have generated outcomes that are sometimes more harmful than helpful. To reduce discrimination against persons with disabilities requires, among other things, a cultural shift in how psychiatric disabilities are viewed. This article examines (a) challenges that students with psychiatric disabilities face

  9. Rehabilitation time before disability pension

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The decision to grant a disability pension is usually the end of a long process of medical examinations, treatment and rehabilitation attempts. This study investigates to what extent the time spent on rehabilitation time prior to disability pension is associated with characteristics of the individual or the local employment and welfare office, measured as municipality variance. Methods A study of 2,533 40 to 42 year olds who received disability pension over a period of 18 years. The logarithm of the rehabilitation time before granting a disability pension was analysed with multilevel regression. Results The rehabilitation time before a disability pension was granted ranged from 30 to 5,508 days. Baseline health characteristics were only moderately associated with rehabilitation time. Younger people and people with unemployment periods had longer rehabilitation time before a disability pension was granted. There were only minor differences in rehabilitation time between men and women and between different levels of education. Approximately 2% of the total variance in rehabilitation time could be attributed to the municipality of residence. Conclusions There is a higher threshold for granting a disability pension to younger persons and those who are expecting periods of unemployment, which is reflected in the extended rehabilitation requirements for these groups. The longer rehabilitation period for persons with psychiatric disorders might reflect a lack of common knowledge on the working capacity of and the fitted rehabilitation programs for people with psychiatric disorders. PMID:23110397

  10. Voices of Disability on the Radio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Malley, Mary Pat

    2008-01-01

    Background: While much commentary exists in relation to the portrayal of disabled people in the media, very little research examines the talk itself in any detail. This paper examines the how people with communication disabilities and disabled people are dealt with in the talk of a radio programme about disability. Aims: To show how the voices of…

  11. Exclusive discourses: leisure studies and disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cara Aitchison

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an outline of a thesis concerning the ways in which the discourse of leisure studies has become ‘disabled by definition’. Through a failure to engage adequately with disability studies, disability politics and disabled people as both leisure participants and leisure theorists, the subject field of leisure studies has been unable to develop a coherent body of knowledge

  12. Causal Relationships between Poverty and Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

    2007-01-01

    Although research suggests why disability may cause poverty, it is not well understood why poverty may cause disability. This article presents the Poverty Disability Model, which includes four groups of factors that increase the risk that poverty will cause disability and chronic health problems. Rehabilitation interventions and counselor…

  13. 2008 Disability Status Report: The United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

    2010-01-01

    The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

  14. Management practice and disability: an embodied perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara Värlander

    2011-01-01

    In organizational research, disability is most often treated as a hindrance for performance. One of the barriers to the employment of disabled people is the perceived extra costs related to adaptation of the physical work environment and reduced efficiency. This paper argues for a view on disability as a productive resource within organizations. More specifically, the paper explores how disability

  15. 2009 Disability Status Report: United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

    2011-01-01

    The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

  16. Disability and Poverty: A Conceptual Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Palmer

    2011-01-01

    The relationship of disability to poverty is of increasing interest to policy makers as persons with disabilities are being mainstreamed into national poverty reduction programs. However, previous reviews on disability and poverty have not systematically addressed the concept of poverty. This article examines the conceptual and empirical links of three definitions of poverty to disability: basic needs, capability, and economic

  17. Students With Disabilities Preparing For Postsecondary Education

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Title II), which prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability of disability. OCR enforces Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) and Title IIStudents With Disabilities Preparing For Postsecondary Education: Know Your Rights

  18. Instruments to assess mobility limitation in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Chung, Jane; Demiris, George; Thompson, Hilaire J

    2015-04-01

    Mobility is critical in maintaining independence in older adults. This study aims to systematically review the scientific literature to identify measures of mobility limitation for community-dwelling older adults. A systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, and psycINFO, using the search terms "mobility limitation", "mobility disability", and "mobility difficulty" yielded 1,847 articles from 1990 to 2012; a final selection of 103 articles was used for the present manuscript. Tools to measure mobility were found to be either self-report or performance-based instruments. Commonly measured constructs of mobility included walking, climbing stairs, and lower extremity function. There was heterogeneity in ways of defining and measuring mobility limitation in older adults living in the community. Given the lack of consistency in assessment tools for mobility, a clear understanding and standardization of instruments are required for comparison across studies and for better understanding indicators and outcomes of mobility limitation in community-dwelling older adults. PMID:24589525

  19. Mobile IPMobile IP Mobile IPMobile IP

    E-print Network

    Yeom, Ikjun

    Mobile IPMobile IP #12;2 Mobile IPMobile IP · How do we support mobile users whose point of attachment to the network changes dynamically? #12;3 Mobile IPMobile IP · The goal of Mobile IP is to allow connectivity automatically, despite the change. · While Mobile IP can work with wired connections, where you

  20. The Impact of Early Powered Mobility on Parental Stress, Negative Emotions, and Family Social Interactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tefft, Donita; Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Powered mobility has been found to have positive effects on young children with severe physical disabilities, but the impact on the family has been less well documented. We evaluated the impact of early powered mobility on parental stress, negative emotions, perceived social interactions, and parental satisfaction with wheelchair characteristics…

  1. Incidence rates in dynamic populations

    PubMed Central

    Vandenbroucke, Jan P; Pearce, Neil

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present article is to explain the calculation of incidence rates in dynamic populations with the use of simple mathematical and statistical concepts. The first part will consider incidence rates in dynamic populations, and how they can best be taught in basic, intermediate and advanced courses. The second part will briefly explain how and why incidence rates are calculated in cohorts. PMID:23045207

  2. Preparation for mass casualty incidents.

    PubMed

    VandenBerg, Sheri L; Davidson, Scott B

    2015-06-01

    Mass casualty incidents are events where the number of injured patients exceeds the resources of the health care institution to the degree that care may not be available or may be limited for a portion of the casualties. Mass casualty incidents are increasing in frequency throughout the United States. Managing mass casualty incidents has not traditionally been part of the nursing curriculum; however, our changing world requires us to become educated and prepared to respond to these scenarios. This article focuses on intentional explosive disasters and the nursing and institutional response to these incidents. This information is of value to nursing professionals and other health care providers. PMID:25981720

  3. 75 FR 27544 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Center on Knowledge...

  4. 75 FR 22767 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Transition to...

  5. The National Organization on Disability

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1982, the mission of the National Organization on Disability (NOD) is â??to expand the participation and contribution of Americaâ??s 54 million men, women and children with disabilities in all aspects of life.â?ť From their homepage, visitors can delve into a number of their resources, such as summaries of the organizationâ??s own advocacy work that deals with such themes as community involvement, economic participation, and creating an environment that is supportive for those with a broad range of disabilities. The site also contains important information for community leaders, such as summaries of projects developed by the NOD and its partners on topics such as making religious facilities more accessible. The site is rounded out by a section designed for the media that the general user will appreciate as well, as it contains a number of basic reports and surveys on disabled persons and general press releases.

  6. Office of Disability Employment Policy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... HIV/AIDS Housing Integrated Employment National Disability Employment Awareness Month (NDEAM) Older Workers Personal Assistance Services Publications for Order Recruitment & Retention Research Return to Work Self-Employment & Entrepreneurship Tax Incentives for Employers Transportation Universal ...

  7. The Eye and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sight-Saving Review, 1971

    1971-01-01

    A joint organizational statement on vision and therapy for learning disabilities and dyslexia is presented by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, and the American Association of Ophthalmology. (CB)

  8. Predictable mobility

    E-print Network

    Iagnemma, Karl

    In this article, a statistical mobility prediction for planetary surface exploration rovers has been described. This method explicitly considers uncertainty of the terrain physical parameters via SRSM and employs models ...

  9. Mobile cinema

    E-print Network

    Pan, Pengkai, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis develops techniques and methods that extend the art and craft of storytelling, and in particular enable the creation of mobile cinema. Stories are always constrained by the medium in which they are told and the ...

  10. Ability - Not Disability: Organizing Housework. 

    E-print Network

    McCormack, Linda J.

    1981-01-01

    ~TA245 . 7 3873 JO.1 -------Th-eT -exas-A&M~ ----:8-1259 University System ~ Texas Agricu ~tura I Extension Service Daniel C Plannstiel . DIrector College Station ABILITY NOT DISABILITY Organizing Housework [Blank Page in Original... Bulletin] ~. '!". ABILITY - NOT DISABILITY: ORGANIZING HOUSEWORK Linda J. McCormack? Before organizing housework, think about Rudyard Kipling's poem, "I Keep Six Honest Service Men." "I keep six honest serving men (they taught me all I know...

  11. Elevated Serum Carboxymethyl-Lysine, an Advanced Glycation End Product, Predicts Severe Walking Disability in Older Women: The Women's Health and Aging Study I

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Kai; Semba, Richard D.; Fried, Linda P.; Schaumberg, Debra A.; Ferrucci, Luigi; Varadhan, Ravi

    2012-01-01

    Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia. Our aim was to characterize the relationship between serum carboxymethyl-lysine (CML), a major circulating AGE, and incident severe walking disability (inability to walk or walking speed <0.4?m/sec) over 30 months of followup in 394 moderately to severely disabled women, ?65 years, living in the community in Baltimore, Maryland (the Women's Health and Aging Study I). During followup, 154 (26.4%) women developed severe walking disability, and 23 women died. Women in the highest quartile of serum CML had increased risk of developing of severe walking disability in a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, adjusting for age and other potential confounders. Women with elevated serum CML are at an increased risk of developing severe walking disability. AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor. Further work is needed to establish a causal relationship between AGEs and walking disability. PMID:22973514

  12. Inequality in Disability in Bangladesh

    PubMed Central

    Tareque, Md. Ismail; Begum, Sharifa; Saito, Yasuhiko

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate inequality in disability in Bangladesh. Methods The study used both household level and individual level data from a large nationally representative data set, Bangladesh’s Household Income and Expenditure Survey - 2010. Principal component analysis was used to construct a wealth index based on household assets from household level data. Then, using data from 49,809 individuals aged 5 years and over, chi-square tests and logistic regression were performed to test the association between wealth level and disability. Findings Women and older people are significantly more likely to report having disabilities than men and younger people. For middle and rich families, respectively, there is a 14 percent lower likelihood of reporting disabilities than for poor families. Changes in the probability of having disabilities are linear with increasing wealth. In addition, the study identifies some significant factors affecting disability, namely, age, sex, education, marital status, and place of residence including divisional differences. Conclusion In Bangladesh, worse health among the poor argues for policies prioritizing this group while at the same time giving special attention to women and the elderly. PMID:25075513

  13. Ischemic stroke incidence in Santa Coloma de Gramenet (ISISCOG), Spain. A community-based study

    PubMed Central

    Alzamora, María Teresa; Sorribes, Marta; Heras, Antonio; Vila, Nicolás; Vicheto, Marisa; Forés, Rosa; Sánchez-Ojanguren, José; Sancho, Amparo; Pera, Guillem

    2008-01-01

    Background In Spain, stroke is one of the major causes of death and the main cause of severe disability in people over 65 years. We analyzed the incidence of ischemic stroke, stroke subtypes, case fatality and disability at 90 days after the event in a Spanish population. Methods A prospective community-based register of ischemic strokes was established in Santa Coloma de Gramenet (Barcelona) [116,220 inhabitants of all ages, according to the municipal census of December 31,2001], from January 1 to December 31, 2003. Standard definitions and case finding methods were used to identify all cases in all age groups. Every patient underwent a complete clinical evaluation and systematic tests including neuroimaging (CT/MRI) and vascular studies (carotid duplex ultrasound intra and extracranial and MR angiography). Results Over a one year period, 196 ischemic strokes were registered [107 men; median age = 76 years (range 39–98)], being the first event in 159 patients (81.1%) and a recurrent stroke in 37 (18.9%). After age-adjustment to the European population, the incidence of ischemic stroke per 100,000 inhabitants was 172 (95% CI, 148–196); 219 (176–261) in men and 133 (105–160) in women, with an annual incidence for first ischemic stroke of 139 (118–161); 165 (128–201) in men and 115 (89–140) in women. The incidence of stroke increased with age. Stroke subtypes (TOAST classification criteria) were lacunar in 28.8%, atherothrombotic in 18.6%, cardioembolic in 26.6% and undetermined in 26.0% of patients. At 90 days, the case-fatality was 12%, and among survivors, moderate-to-severe disability was present in 45 % at 3 months. Conclusion This prospective community-based study shows one of the lowest incidences of stroke in Europe, as well as one of the lowest case fatality and disability rates at 90 days after stroke. PMID:18371212

  14. Lost Working Years Due to Mental Disorders: An Analysis of the Norwegian Disability Pension Registry

    PubMed Central

    Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Řverland, Simon; Hotopf, Matthew; Mykletun, Arnstein

    2012-01-01

    Objectives Mental disorders are prevalent diagnoses in disability benefit statistics, with awards often granted at younger age than for other diagnoses. We aimed to compare the number of lost working years following disability benefit award for mental disorders versus other diagnostic groups. Methods Data from the complete Norwegian official registry over disability benefit incidence, including primary diagnoses, were analyzed for the period 2001 to 2003 (N?=?77,067), a time-period without any reform in the disability benefit scheme. Lost working years due to disability benefit award before scheduled age retirement at age 67 were calculated. Results Musculoskeletal disorders were the commonest reason for disability benefit awards (36.3%) with mental disorders in second place (24.0%). However, mental disorders were responsible for the most working years lost (33.8%) compared with musculoskeletal disorders (29.4%). Individuals awarded disability benefit for a mental disorder were on average 8.9 years younger (46.1 years) than individuals awarded for a musculoskeletal disorder (55.0 years), and 6.9 years younger than individuals awarded for any other somatic disorder (53.0 years). Anxiety and depressive disorders were the largest contributors to lost working years within mental disorders. Conclusion Age at award is highly relevant when the total burden of different diagnoses on disability benefits is considered. There is great disparity in total number of lost working years due to disability benefit award for different diagnostic groups. The high number of lost working years from mental disorders has serious consequences for both the individual and for the wider society and economy. PMID:22905150

  15. The relationship between the disability prevalence of cataracts and ambient erythemal ultraviolet radiation in China.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yang; Yu, Jiaming; Gao, Qian; Hu, Liwen; Gao, Na; Gong, Huizhi; Liu, Yang

    2012-01-01

    In Western countries, ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin cancer has been studied extensively regarding the high incidence of skin cancers in the white population; however, for people of color, cataracts are the main public health issue in relation to increased ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR). To our knowledge, few studies have been conducted examining the relationship between cataracts and ambient UVR in China. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship between and the factors influencing the disability prevalence of cataracts and annual ambient erythemal UVR exposure in 31 regions of China. The data used to determine the disability prevalence of cataracts was obtained from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability. The regional annual erythemal UVR was calculated using Geographic Information System (GIS) methods based on data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) database. The relationship between the disability prevalence of cataracts and the annual ambient erythemal UVR was examined by using logistic regression. Both the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts (OR = 3.97, 95%CI 1.30-12.13, per 100KJ/m(2) increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old (OR = 3.97, 95%CI 1.30-12.13, per 100KJ/m(2) increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) were higher in association with higher ambient erythemal UVR. Regions with higher urbanization and educational levels had lower disability prevalence of cataracts. We found positive associations of the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old with ambient erythemal UVR in 31 regions of China. PMID:23226480

  16. 75 FR 39423 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ...Rehabilitative Services; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)--Center on...

  17. 75 FR 36237 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-24

    ...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)--Improved...

  18. 75 FR 21278 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)--...

  19. 75 FR 18185 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers (RERCs) Catalog of...

  20. 75 FR 34997 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)-- Employment...

  1. 75 FR 14585 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-26

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)-- Employment...

  2. New Technology Gives More Mobility to Seniors and the Disabled

    E-print Network

    Narasayya, Vivek

    for these wheelchairs by Microsoft Research Asia's joint labs at Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Xi'an Jiaotong relations man- ager of Microsoft Research Asia. A wheelchair with brain, eyes and ears On May 15, 2010, an 80-year-old woman visits the 2010 Shanghai Expo. She tells the wheelchair to take her to the upper

  3. Chernobyl fallout and cancer incidence in Finland.

    PubMed

    Auvinen, Anssi; Seppä, Karri; Pasanen, Kari; Kurttio, Päivi; Patama, Toni; Pukkala, Eero; Heinävaara, Sirpa; Arvela, Hannu; Verkasalo, Pia; Hakulinen, Timo

    2014-05-01

    Twenty-five years have passed since the Chernobyl accident, but its health consequences remain to be well established. Finland was one of the most heavily affected countries by the radioactive fallout outside the former Soviet Union. We analyzed the relation of the estimated external radiation exposure from the fallout to cancer incidence in Finland in 1988-2007. The study cohort comprised all ? 3.8 million Finns who had lived in the same dwelling for 12 months following the accident (May 1986-April 1987). Radiation exposure was estimated using data from an extensive mobile dose rate survey. Cancer incidence data were obtained for the cohort divided into four exposure categories (the lowest with the first-year committed dose <0.1 mSv and the highest ? 0.5 mSv) allowing for a latency of 5 years for leukemia and thyroid cancer, and 10 years for other cancers. Of the eight predefined cancer sites regarded as radiation-related from earlier studies, only colon cancer among women showed an association with exposure from fallout [excess rate ratio per increment in exposure category 0.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.02-0.11]. No such effect was observed for men, or other cancer sites. Our analysis of a large cohort over two decades did not reveal an increase in cancer incidence following the Chernobyl accident, with the possible exception of colon cancer among women. The largely null findings are consistent with extrapolation from previous studies suggesting that the effect is likely to remain too small to be empirically detectable and of little public health impact. PMID:24135935

  4. Obesity in Older Adults: Epidemiology and Implications for Disability and Disease

    PubMed Central

    Samper-Ternent, Rafael; Al Snih, Soham

    2012-01-01

    Summary Obesity is a worldwide problem with increasing prevalence and incidence in both developed and developing countries. In older adults, excess weight is associated with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease, several important cancers, and numerous other medical conditions. Obesity has been also associated with increased functional limitations, disability, and poorer quality of life. Additionally, obesity has been independently associated with all-cause mortality. The obesity epidemic has important social and economic implications, representing an important source of increased public health care costs. The aim of this review is to report the epidemiology of obesity world-wide and the implications of obesity on disability and chronic diseases. PMID:22345902

  5. Chronicity of PTSD and Risk of Disability in Older Persons

    PubMed Central

    Byers, Amy L.; Covinsky, Kenneth E.; Neylan, Thomas C.; Yaffe, Kristine

    2014-01-01

    Importance Little is known about the association of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with disability in late life. Most studies of late-life psychiatric disorders and function have focused on depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Objective To determine the association between PTSD and disability among older adults, and investigate if association differs by chronicity of PTSD. Design The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES 2001-2003) includes three aggregated, nationally representative studies (National Comorbidity Survey Replication, National Survey of American Life, and National Latino and Asian American Study or NLAAS) totaling 20,013 participants 18 years and older. Analyses used weights and complex design-corrected statistical tests to infer generalizability to US population. Setting Continental US; additionally Alaska and Hawaii for NLAAS. Participants We studied 3,287 CPES participants aged 55 years and older (mean (SD) age=66 (8.7) years, 60% female). Main Outcome Measures Disability was defined by 5 domains (out of role, self-care, mobility, cognition, and social) using the WHO-DAS. Results 3.7% of older adults had a history of PTSD defined by DSM-IV criteria. Of these, approximately half had persistent PTSD in later life (age of onset < 55 years as well as a recent diagnosis) (1.8%). Examining three PTSD groups, frequency of any disability was 79.7% for persistent PTSD, 69.6% for pre-late-life (age of onset < 55 years and age at last diagnosis < 55 years), and 36.9% for no PTSD (P <.001). In logistic regression analyses, adjusting for demographics, smoking, individual medical conditions, depression, GAD, and substance use disorders, respondents with persistent PTSD were three times more likely to have any disability than respondents with no PTSD (odds ratio [OR], 3.18; 95% CI, 1.32-7.64). Global disability results were non-significant for pre-late-life relative to no PTSD (OR, 1.99; 95% CI, 0.97-4.08). In addition, the results suggest that persistent PTSD relative to no PTSD has a strong association with all individual domains. Conclusions and Relevance Disability in older Americans is strongly associated with PTSD, particularly PTSD that persists into later life. These findings suggest that monitoring and treatment of PTSD is important over the long term. PMID:24647756

  6. Relative direction determination in mobile computing networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antonis Kalis; Theodore AntonakopouloS

    2001-01-01

    A novel relative direction determination method is presented for stations of mobile computing networks. The method uses a switched beam array for determining the direction of arrival (DOA) of the incident electromagnetic field in a time efficient way, in order to confront the strict timing requirements of packet switching networks. Additionally, the method associates certain MAC layer functions with different

  7. THE SOLUBLE EPOXIDE HYDROLASE GENE HARBORS SEQUENCE VARIATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH SUSCEPTIBILITY TO AND PROTECTION FROM INCIDENT ISCHEMIC STROKE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability and the third leading cause of death, accounting for one of every 15 deaths in the USA. We investigated the association of polymorphisms in the soluble epoxide hydrolase gene (EPHX2) with incident ischemic stroke in African-Americans and Whites. Twelv...

  8. Child and adult disability in the 2000 census: Disability is a household affair

    PubMed Central

    Shandra, Carrie L.; Avery, Roger C.; Hogan, Dennis P.; Msall, Michael E.

    2013-01-01

    Background Survey data indicate that individuals with disabilities in the United States often experience less advantageous economic and social resources than individuals without disabilities. Furthermore, they often reside with other individuals with disabilities in the same household. However, less is known about resource availability when multiple child and adult household members have a disability. Objective We use child-level data from the 2000 Census to examine the relationship between aggregation of disability in households with children and education, labor force participation, poverty level, and inadequate housing. Methods We utilize tabular analysis and Kruskal–Wallis tests to examine how resources in education, employment, income, and housing adequacy compare for children with disabilities who are the only member of their household with a disability, children with disabilities who live in a household with at least one other member with a disability, children without disabilities who live in a household where no other member has a disability, and children without disabilities who live in a household where at least one other member has a disability. Results Among children without a disability, 86% live in a household in which no other member has a disability. Among children with a disability, 53% live in a household in which no other adult or child has a disability. Poverty, inadequate housing, and low adult education were more two times more likely – and adult unemployment over five times more likely – in households with multiple members with disability versus households without disability. Conclusion There is a high prevalence of aggregation of adults and children with disability in households of children with disability. These households have substantially fewer resources than households who do not have disabilities. PMID:23021734

  9. Burden of Restraint, Disablement and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of Total Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    Harrison, Tracie

    2010-01-01

    Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman’s reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the mulitple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions. PMID:21767094

  10. Disability Rights in Ireland: Chronicle of a Missed Opportunity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jurgen De Wispelaere; Judy Walsh

    2007-01-01

    This article critically examines the Disability Act 2005, which regulates access to public services for disabled people in Ireland. We examine the competing conceptions of disability rights advanced by the government and the disability sector during the debate on the legislation, and offer an interpretation of disability rights as the justiciable right to challenge. The Disability Act 2005 is then

  11. Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments. PMID:22520500

  12. METROPOLITAN ATLANTA DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM (MADDSP)

    EPA Science Inventory

    To address the problem of developmental disabilities among children, CDC, the former Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, which was funded by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), and the Georgia Department of Human Resources, initiate...

  13. Rehabilitation Research on Disability: New Horizons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberg, Richard T.

    1977-01-01

    Presents an overview of research on disability and integrates rehabilitation research with the mainstream of scientific activity. Examples of disability research are given covering spinal cord injury, facial disfigurement, cancer of the larynx, and cystic fibrosis. (Author/TA)

  14. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Opportunity Act , the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research ( NIDRR ), now the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), has been transferred to the Administration ...

  15. Where We Are: Disability and Accessibility--Moving beyond Disability 2.0 in Composition Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Tara; Dolmage, Jay; Price, Margaret; Lewiecki-Wilson, Cynthia

    2014-01-01

    The authors' perception, as specialists at the intersection of disability studies and composition studies, is that disability has arrived--in the sense that it is now on most peoples' radar. Most have come to think of it as "Disability 2.0": the state where acceptance of disabled students and teachers as belonging in our…

  16. Investigation of Raising Burden of Children with Autism, Physical Disability and Mental Disability in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiong, Nina; Yang, Li; Yu, Yang; Hou, Jiaxun; Li, Jia; Li, Yuanyuan; Liu, Hairong; Zhang, Ying; Jiao, Zhengang

    2011-01-01

    The family economic burden of raising autistic children, physical disabled children and mental disabled children were evaluated in China. 227 parents of children with autism, children with physical disability, children with mental disability and normal children were interviewed for children's costs, family income and economic assistance, etc. The…

  17. Pre-surgery Disability Compensation Predicts Long-Term Disability among Workers with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Spector, June T.; Turner, Judith A.; Fulton-Kehoe, Deborah; Franklin, Gary

    2012-01-01

    Background We sought to identify early risk factors for work disability compensation prior to and after carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) surgery, and to determine whether pre-surgery disability compensation is associated with long-term disability. Methods Washington State workers’ compensation administrative data and data from interviews with workers 18 days (median) after submitting new workers’ compensation claims for CTS were examined. Baseline risk factors for pre-surgery disability compensation and for long-term disability (?365 days of work disability compensation prior to two years after claim filing) were evaluated for workers who underwent CTS surgery and had at least one day of disability compensation (N=670). Results After adjustment for baseline long-term disability risk factors, workers with pre-surgery disability compensation had over five times the odds of long-term disability. Baseline factors in multiple domains, including job, psychosocial, clinical, and worker pain and function, were associated with both pre-surgery disability compensation and long-term disability. Conclusions Risk factors for work disability prior to and after CTS surgery are similar, and early work disability is a risk factor for long-term CTS-related disability. An integrated approach to CTS-related disability prevention could include identifying and addressing combined risk factors soon after claim filing, more efficient use of conservative treatments and appropriate work modifications to minimize early work loss, and, when indicated, timely surgical intervention. PMID:22392804

  18. Restaurant Owners' Attitudes Toward the Disabled and the Americans With Disabilities Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amanda Meek; Muzaffer Uysal

    1992-01-01

    This pilot study is concerned with the Americans with Disabilities Act, passed in the summer of 1990, which gives expanded federal rights to people with disabilities. Under Title III of the law, privately-owned businesses such as restaurants must now make their facilities accessible to the disabled. Owners responded to a survey that was designed to measure their attitudes toward disabled

  19. Computer Security Incident Handling Guide

    E-print Network

    of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Paul Cichonski Computer Security Division Information Tim Grance Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute and Director #12;COMPUTER SECURITY INCIDENT HANDLING GUIDE ii Reports on Computer Systems Technology

  20. Collective computer incident response using cognitive maps

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jihene Krichene; Mohamed Hamdi; Noureddine Boudriga

    2004-01-01

    Incident response is becoming an important activity in organizations as security intrusions are increasing rapidly. Cooperation and view sharing within incident response team are very important for successful incident handling. We introduce a causal map based method helping the incident response team members reasoning collectively about security incidents. In this method, we use heuristics to help reasoning within causal maps

  1. A forensic approach to incident response

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Trevor Lamis

    2010-01-01

    An incident response plan is critical for the detection and removal of information security threats. Incident response involves many aspects other than technical issues. There are management, legal, and social issues that an incident response team needs to consider. An incident response identifies, contains, and eliminates the incident. Then, the compromised system is fully recovered and restored. To hold the

  2. Monitoring of Incident Response Management Performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria B. Line; Eirik Albrechtsen; Stig Ole Johnsen; Odd Helge Longva; Stefanie A. Hillen

    2006-01-01

    Monitoring the performance of incident response (IR) management is important input for improving the IR management system. A set of performance indicators, which assists monitoring in a proper way ,i s described regarding: the incident response management system; information security culture; number of incidents responded to; average time spent on responding; consequences of incidents; number of incidents of high loss;

  3. Mars Mobiles

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This activity introduces students to the basic features of the Mars landscape. Students locate the planets of the solar system on a diagram; look at pictures of Mars and describe the Martian landscape; describe landscape features of Earth, and compare those to what is found on Mars; and make mobiles showing features of the Martian landscape.

  4. Incidence, Risk Factors, and Prevention of Biliary Tract Injuries during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Switzerland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lukas Krähenbühl; Guido Sclabas; Moritz N. Wente; Markus Schäfer; Rolf Schlumpf; Markus W. Büchler

    2001-01-01

    .   Bile duct injury (BDI) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) which may result in patient disability or death are reported\\u000a to occur more frequently when compared to open surgery. The aim of this nationwide prospective study beyond the laparoscopic\\u000a learning curve was to analyze the incidence, risk factors, and management of major BDI. During a 3-year period (1995–1997)\\u000a 130 items of

  5. A Wireless Sensor Network and Incident Command Interface for Urban Firefighting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joel Wilson; Vikas Bhargava; Andrew Redfern; Paul Wright

    2007-01-01

    The Fire Information and Rescue Equipment project at UC Berkeley has developed a prototype wireless sensor network (WSN) and Incident Command (IC) interface for urban and industrial firefighting and emergency response. A fixed WSN deployment in the building acts as a backbone for communication between mobile personnel and Incident Command. The Telos Sky mote 802.15.4 platform with the TinyOS operating

  6. Compensatory Services and Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J.

    2009-01-01

    Students with disabilities are entitled to a free appropriate public education (FAPE) under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). If school officials fail to provide students with a FAPE, the courts may grant appropriate relief. Courts often direct educators to provide students with disabilities with a FAPE and to compensate…

  7. Romanian Approach to Media Portrayals of Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciot, Melania-Gabriela; Van Hove, Geert

    2010-01-01

    There is a wide range of media representations of disability, but not just because of the societal stigma. They are a function of norms of journalism as well as biases among people with disabilities themselves. This article is a contribution to the issue of social representation of persons with disabilities from a Romanian perspective, which will…

  8. Violence Exposure among Children with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Patricia M.

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this paper is children with disabilities exposed to a broad range of violence types including child maltreatment, domestic violence, community violence, and war and terrorism. Because disability research must be interpreted on the basis of the definitional paradigm employed, definitions of disability status and current prevalence…

  9. IDEA and Disciplining Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolbe, Sherry L.

    1999-01-01

    The 1997 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act amendments offered a welcome shield for disabled students who found themselves unfairly disciplined within their school placements. Highlights the disagreements that continue over the bill's interpretation, and the fight by advocates for the disabled to limit unreasonable suspensions and…

  10. Veterans with Disabilities in Postsecondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madaus, Joseph W.; Miller, Wayne K., II; Vance, Mary Lee

    2009-01-01

    Over the past 60 years, veterans with disabilities have been a catalyst in the development of services for students with disabilities in higher education. Current converging factors, including anticipated large numbers of veterans with disabilities enrolling in postsecondary education, Office for Civil Rights directives, and the passage of the…

  11. Remote usability evaluations With disabled people

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Petrie; Fraser Hamilton; Neil King; Pete Pavan

    2006-01-01

    Finding participants for evaluations with specific demographics can be a problem for usability and user experience specialists. In particular, finding participants with disabilities is especially problematic, yet testing with disabled people is becoming increasingly important. Two case studies are presented that explore using asynchronous remote evaluation techniques with disabled participants. These show that while quantitative data are comparable, the amount

  12. Behavioral Inhibition in Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Weerdt, Frauke; Desoete, Annemie; Roeyers, Herbert

    2013-01-01

    Children with reading disabilities (RD, n = 17), mathematical disabilities (MD, n = 22), combined reading and mathematical disabilities (RD + MD, n = 28) and control peers (n = 45) were tested on behavioral inhibition with a Go/no-go task in a picture, letter and digit-modality. In contrast to children without RD, children with RD made…

  13. A Varied Perspective on Specific Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert T., Ed.

    1980-01-01

    Eleven brief articles focus on specific learning disabilities with emphasis on programs in New York State and City. Articles have the following titles and authors: "The History of Learning Disabilities Revisited" (J. Wiederholt, G. Hale); "The Learning in Learning Disability--Ask What, Not Why" (R. Schworm) which stresses the need to identify…

  14. Sex and Disability: the Big Taboo

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eva Sweeney

    2007-01-01

    I will discuss and reflect on my research on sexuality and disability in conjunction with my work with Toys in Babeland, a sex toy store in Los Angeles. I will explain what I researched and what I implemented to make Babeland more aware of the needs of people with disabilities. I researched several physical disability and learned biology how they

  15. Personal and societal attitudes to disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simon Darcy

    2005-01-01

    The research addresses theoretical and conceptual frameworks dealing with the formation and change of attitudes, cognitive dissonance, positive and negative prejudice, the concept of “spread”, overt and covert attitudes and their formation, and the nexus between attitudes and behavior toward disability. Two attitude scales—the interaction with disabled persons and the scale of attitudes toward disabled persons—are reviewed and results of

  16. Attitude change towards guests with disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boštjan Bizjak; Mladen Kneževi?; Sebastjan Cvetrežnik

    2011-01-01

    People with disabilities are still growing as a consumer niche in the tourism industry. Some indicators suggest that the market share of disabled tourism is worth approximately 117 billion USD per annum. The number of people with disabilities within the EU population is 27 million and the tourism industry still has not found a coordinated way to serve that population.

  17. Evaluation of Hotels to Accommodate Disabled Visitors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alaa Tantawy; Woo Gon Kim; Sungsoo Pyo

    2005-01-01

    The study presents an initial investigation result of the disabled consumer group. The research aims to highlight deficiencies in existing provision and helps hoteliers to understand best practices for disabled guests and makes suggestions for implementation. The research studies the five star hotels in Cairo. While disability covers a wide range of quite different impairments, the study concentrates on wheelchair

  18. Forensic Learning Disability Nursing Role Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Tom; Phipps, Dianne; Melling, Kat

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a study carried out on the role constructs of forensic and nonforensic Learning Disability Nursing in relation to six binary themes. The aims were to identify if there were differences in perceptions of forensic learning disability nurses and nonforensic learning disability nurses in relation to the six binary themes of the…

  19. Responsiveness to Intervention and Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) is a national committee representing 11 organizations concerned about individuals with learning disabilities. The NJCLD considers and discusses contemporary issues in learning disabilities and develops and disseminates reports and statements related to these issues to influence policy…

  20. Psychiatric Residents' Experience Conducting Disability Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christopher, Paul P.; Boland, Robert J.; Recupero, Patricia R.; Phillips, Katharine A.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The increasing frequency and societal cost of psychiatric disability underscore the need for accuracy in evaluating patients who seek disability benefits. The authors investigated senior psychiatric residents' experiences performing disability evaluations, their self-assessment of competence for this task, and whether they perceived a…

  1. Emerging Technologies and Their Impact on Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wise, Paul H.

    2012-01-01

    Technological innovation is transforming the prevalence and functional impact of child disability, the scale of social disparities in child disability, and perhaps the essential meaning of disability in an increasingly technology-dominated world. In this article, Paul Wise investigates several specific facets of this transformation. He begins by…

  2. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John T. Pardeck

    1997-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, government services, public accommodations, and telecommunications. The author offers a review of the ADA, including the definition of a disability under the ADA, and places particular emphasis on the employment provisions of the ADA. The paper offers situational analyses that will help human

  3. Dementia and Disability Outcomes in Large Hypertension Trials: Lessons Learned from the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP) Trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mauro Di Bari; Marco Pahor; Lonneke V. Franse; Ronald I. Shorr; Jim Y. Wan; Luigi Ferrucci; Grant W. Somes; William B. Applegate

    In the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP) trial (1985-1990), active treatment reduced the incidence of cardiovascular events, but not that of dementia and disability, as compared with placebo. This study aims to evaluate if assessment of cognitive and functional outcomes was biased by differential dropout. Characteristics of subjects who did or did not participate in follow-up cognitive and

  4. Health Gain through Screening--Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: Developing Primary Health Care Services for People with Intellectual Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wells, M. B.; Turner, S.; Martin, D. M.; Roy, A.

    1997-01-01

    A study of 120 British adults with intellectual disability found they had higher risk factors of developing coronary heart disease and stroke than the general population. There was a greater incidence of obesity and considerably lower physical activity levels than the general population. Several also had abnormal cholesterol readings. (CR)

  5. Inclusive Instruction: Evidence-Based Practices for Teaching Students with Disabilities. What Works for Special-Needs Learners Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownell, Mary T.; Smith, Sean J.; Crockett, Jean B.; Griffin, Cynthia C.

    2012-01-01

    This accessible book presents research-based strategies for supporting K-8 students with high-incidence disabilities to become accomplished learners. The authors clearly describe the core components of effective inclusive instruction, showing how to recognize and respond to individual students' needs quickly and appropriately. Teachers are…

  6. Disability Is Not Measles: New Research Paradigms in Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rioux, Marcia H., Ed.; Bach, Michael, Ed.

    This book is the product of a forum titled New Research Directions and Paradigms, held at the Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Mental Deficiency in Australia in August 1992. The book presents 13 chapters, all written within a critical paradigm for disability research which critiques the reification of…

  7. Mobile robot sense net

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Konolige, Kurt G.; Gutmann, Steffen; Guzzoni, Didier; Ficklin, Robert W.; Nicewarner, Keith E.

    1999-08-01

    Mobile robot hardware and software is developing to the point where interesting applications for groups of such robots can be contemplated. We envision a set of mobots acting to map and perform surveillance or other task within an indoor environment (the Sense Net). A typical application of the Sense Net would be to detect survivors in buildings damaged by earthquake or other disaster, where human searchers would be put a risk. As a team, the Sense Net could reconnoiter a set of buildings faster, more reliably, and more comprehensibly than an individual mobot. The team, for example, could dynamically form subteams to perform task that cannot be done by individual robots, such as measuring the range to a distant object by forming a long baseline stereo sensor form a pari of mobots. In addition, the team could automatically reconfigure itself to handle contingencies such as disabled mobots. This paper is a report of our current progress in developing the Sense Net, after the first year of a two-year project. In our approach, each mobot has sufficient autonomy to perform several tasks, such as mapping unknown areas, navigating to specific positions, and detecting, tracking, characterizing, and classifying human and vehicular activity. We detail how some of these tasks are accomplished, and how the mobot group is tasked.

  8. Assessing Early Language Development in Children with Vision Disability and Motor Disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Hennessey

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a method for identifying test items as disability neutral for children with vision and motor disabilities. Graduate students rated 130 items of the Preschool Language Scale and obtained inter?rater correlation coefficients of 0.58 for ratings of items as disability neutral for children with vision disability, and 0.77 for ratings of items as disability neutral for children with

  9. Disability in brisbane caused by chronic disease.

    PubMed

    Smithurst, B A

    1973-12-01

    Chronic diseases and the disabilities which they cause are the most important problem in Public Health. Ischaemic Heart Disease with its clinical manifestations of myocardial infarction and angina pectoris is a prime example of a chronic disease with acute complications which may lead either to death (ischaemic heart disease being the most common cause of death in Australia) or to permanent or semi-permanent invalidism. In the study of the epidemiology of chronic (disease there are certain problems encountered which are not faced in acute disease epidemiology. These include varying criteria for diagnosis (for example, what levels constitute normal blood pressure), the absence of an "incubation period" for the disease - when, for example, does arteriosclerosis begin in an individual - and a dearth of accurate incidence figures because most data on chronic disease are mortality data which, because of under reporting and incorrect diagnosis, may not give a true picture of the fatal effects of chronic disease. Death from cerebrovascular disease accounted for 1254 deaths per 10(6) population in Australia in 1970 yet hypertension only caused 139 deaths per 10(6). It is obvious that many death certificates recording stroke deaths do not mention hypertension which is a common cause of stroke. It can be seen that academic research into chronic disease epidemiology is fraught with many serious difficulties. PMID:25026021

  10. Critical incident reporting and learning.

    PubMed

    Mahajan, R P

    2010-07-01

    The success of incident reporting in improving safety, although obvious in aviation and other high-risk industries, is yet to be seen in health-care systems. An incident reporting system which would improve patient safety would allow front-end clinicians to have easy access for reporting an incident with an understanding that their report will be handled in a non-punitive manner, and that it will lead to enhanced learning regarding the causation of the incident and systemic changes which will prevent it from recurring. At present, significant problems remain with local and national incident reporting systems. These include fear of punitive action, poor safety culture in an organization, lack of understanding among clinicians about what should be reported, lack of awareness of how the reported incidents will be analysed, and how will the reports ultimately lead to changes which will improve patient safety. In particular, lack of systematic analysis of the reports and feedback directly to the clinicians are seen as major barriers to clinical engagement. In this review, robust systematic methodology of analysing incidents is discussed. This methodology is based on human factors model, and the learning paradigm which emphasizes significant shift from traditional judicial approach to understanding how 'latent errors' may play a role in a chain of events which can set up an 'active error' to occur. Feedback directly to the clinicians is extremely important for keeping them 'in the loop' for their continued engagement, and it should target different levels of analyses. In addition to high-level information on the types of incidents, the feedback should incorporate results of the analyses of active and latent factors. Finally, it should inform what actions, and at what level/stage, have been taken in response to the reported incidents. For this, local and national systems will be required to work in close cooperation, so that the lessons can be learnt and actions taken within an organization, and across organizations. In the UK, a recently introduced speciality-specific incident reporting system for anaesthesia aims to incorporate the elements of successful reporting system, as presented in this review, to achieve enhanced clinical engagement and improved patient safety. PMID:20551028

  11. The enabling role of education in the lives of young people with disabilities in India: achieved and desired outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nidhi Singal; Roger Jeffery; Aanchal Jain; Neeru Sood

    2011-01-01

    In India, the last few years have seen an increase in the school enrolment rates of children with disabilities; however, there are continuing concerns about the outcomes of these efforts, especially in terms of employment. This paper presents the findings of a qualitative enquiry into how young people (aged 15–30 years) with various impairments (namely, hearing, seeing and mobility) understand

  12. The Impact of a Working Conference Focused on Supporting Students with Disabilities in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rule, Audrey C.; Stefanich, Greg P.; Boody, Robert M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the effects of a two-day working conference on attitudes and dispositions of educators and other professionals who have a responsibility to students with disabilities. During this professional meeting, participants shared their experiences and suggested strategies to better educate students with sensory and mobility

  13. Self-Report Computer-Based Survey of Technology Use by People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanis, Emily Shea; Palmer, Susan; Wehmeyer, Michael; Davies, Daniel K.; Stock, Steven E.; Lobb, Kathy; Bishop, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Advancements of technologies in the areas of mobility, hearing and vision, communication, and daily living for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities has the potential to greatly enhance independence and self-determination. Previous research, however, suggests that there is a technological divide with regard to the use of such…

  14. MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software

    E-print Network

    Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

  15. Mobility and aging: new directions for public health action.

    PubMed

    Satariano, William A; Guralnik, Jack M; Jackson, Richard J; Marottoli, Richard A; Phelan, Elizabeth A; Prohaska, Thomas R

    2012-08-01

    Optimal mobility, defined as relative ease and freedom of movement in all of its forms, is central to healthy aging. Mobility is a significant consideration for research, practice, and policy in aging and public health. We examined the public health burdens of mobility disability, with a particular focus on leading public health interventions to enhance walking and driving, and the challenges and opportunities for public health action. We propose an integrated mobility agenda, which draws on the lived experience of older adults. New strategies for research, practice, and policy are needed to move beyond categorical promotion programs in walking and driving to establish a comprehensive program to enhance safe mobility in all its forms. PMID:22698013

  16. Mobility and Aging: New Directions for Public Health Action

    PubMed Central

    Guralnik, Jack M.; Jackson, Richard J.; Marottoli, Richard A.; Phelan, Elizabeth A.; Prohaska, Thomas R.

    2012-01-01

    Optimal mobility, defined as relative ease and freedom of movement in all of its forms, is central to healthy aging. Mobility is a significant consideration for research, practice, and policy in aging and public health. We examined the public health burdens of mobility disability, with a particular focus on leading public health interventions to enhance walking and driving, and the challenges and opportunities for public health action. We propose an integrated mobility agenda, which draws on the lived experience of older adults. New strategies for research, practice, and policy are needed to move beyond categorical promotion programs in walking and driving to establish a comprehensive program to enhance safe mobility in all its forms. PMID:22698013

  17. Behavioral intervention to increase compliance with electroencephalographic procedures in children with developmental disabilities

    PubMed Central

    Slifer, Keith J.; Avis, Kristin T.; Frutchey, Robin A.

    2010-01-01

    The EEG, or electroencephalogram, is a neurophysiological technique used to detect and record electrical activity in the brain. It is critical to the diagnosis and management of seizure disorders, such as epilepsy, as well as other neurological conditions. The EEG procedure is often not well tolerated by children with developmental disabilities because of anxiety about unfamiliar equipment, difficulty inhibiting motion, and tactile defensiveness. The inability of children with developmental disabilities to tolerate an EEG procedure is especially problematic because the incidence of epilepsy is considerably higher in children with disabilities. This clinical outcome study sought to determine the efficacy of using behavioral intervention to teach children with developmental disorders to cooperate with an EEG procedure. The behavioral training employed modeling, counterconditioning, escape extinction, and differential reinforcement-based shaping procedures. Results indicated that behavioral training is successful in promoting EEG compliance without restraint, anesthesia, or sedation. PMID:18348911

  18. Predictors of disability worsening in clinically isolated syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Jokubaitis, Vilija G; Spelman, Tim; Kalincik, Tomas; Izquierdo, Guillermo; Grand'Maison, François; Duquette, Pierre; Girard, Marc; Lugaresi, Alessandra; Grammond, Pierre; Hupperts, Raymond; Cabrera-Gomez, José; Oreja-Guevara, Celia; Boz, Cavit; Giuliani, Giorgio; Fernández-Bolańos, Ricardo; Iuliano, Gerardo; Lechner-Scott, Jeannette; Verheul, Freek; van Pesch, Vincent; Petkovska-Boskova, Tatjana; Fiol, Marcela; Moore, Fraser; Cristiano, Edgardo; Alroughani, Raed; Bergamaschi, Roberto; Barnett, Michael; Slee, Mark; Vella, Norbert; Herbert, Joseph; Shaw, Cameron; Saladino, Maria Laura; Amato, Maria Pia; Liew, Danny; Paolicelli, Damiano; Butzkueven, Helmut; Trojano, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Objective To assess demographic, clinical, magnetic resonance imaging, and treatment exposure predictors of time to 3 or 12-month confirmed disability worsening in clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and early multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods We utilized the MSBase Incident Study (MSBasis), a prospective cohort study of outcome after CIS. Predictors of time to first 3 and 12-month confirmed expanded disability status scale worsening were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards regression. Results About 1989 patients were analyzed, the largest seen-from-onset cohort reported to-date. A total of 391 patients had a first 3-month confirmed disability worsening event, of which 307 were sustained for 12 months. Older age at CIS onset (adjusted hazard ratio: aHR 1.17, 95% 1.06, 1.30), pyramidal (aHR 1.45, 95% CI 1.13, 1.89) and ambulation (HR 1.60, 95% CI 1.09, 2.34) system dysfunction, annualized relapse rate (aHR 1.20, 95% CI 1.18, 1.22), and lower proportion of observation time on treatment were associated with 3-month confirmed worsening. Predictors of time to 12-month sustained worsening included pyramidal system dysfunction (Hazard ratio: aHR 1.38, 95% CI 1.05, 1.83), and older age at CIS onset (aHR 1.17, 95% CI 1.04, 1.31). Greater proportion of follow-up time exposed to treatment was associated with greater reductions in the rate of worsening. Interpretation This study provides class IV evidence for a strong protective effect of disease-modifying treatment to reduce disability worsening events in patients with CIS and early MS, and confirms age and pyramidal dysfunction at onset as risk factors. PMID:26000321

  19. Community-based and college-based needs assessment of physically disabled persons.

    PubMed

    Burnett, S E; Yerxa, E J

    1980-03-01

    A descriptive survey was conducted to determine the self-perceived needs of physically disabled persons as a preliminary step toward establishing or designing a knowledge base for occupational therapy intervention at a community college. Demographic and needs data were statistically compared with those from a sample of nondisabled college students. Significant differences in the confidence to perform congnitive/problem-solving, social/recreational, school/vocational, home and community mobility skills were found, with the disabled reporting lowered or less confidence. Confidence in performing basic activities of daily living was the only area in which the difference was not significant. No significant differences were obtained in general interests except that a higher frequency of disabled reported not wanting to participate in sports. The greatest amounts of interest were in crafts/fine arts and in social/recreational activities. Implications were drawn for occupational therapy programming to improve confidence in independent living skills by using the subjects' predominant interests. PMID:6445158

  20. Recent Trends in Disability and Related Chronic Conditions Among People Ages Fifty to Sixty-Four

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Linda G.; Freedman, Vicki A.; Schoeni, Robert S.; Andreski, Patricia M.

    2010-01-01

    Although still below 2 percent, the proportion of people ages 50–64 who reported needing help with personal care activities increased significantly from 1997 to 2007. The proportions needing help with routine household chores and indicating difficulty with physical functions were stable. These patterns contrast with recently reported declines in disability among the population ages 65 and older. Particularly concerning among those ages 50–64 are significant increases of limitations in specific mobility-related activities, such as getting into and out of bed and climbing ten steps. Musculoskeletal conditions remained the most commonly cited as causes of disability at these ages. There were also substantial increases in the attributions of disability to depression, diabetes, and nervous system conditions. PMID:20368601

  1. Intellectual Disability and Spiritual Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, Graeme

    2011-01-01

    Linking the concepts of intellectual disability and spiritual development creates a challenging mixture of sociological and theological issues. Formal definitions of the concepts can be less than conclusive but it remains a fundamental issue to consider if there may be some minimal level of intellectual competence below which it is not feasible to…

  2. Learning Disabilities: The Decade Ahead.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasnoff, Margaret J., Ed.

    Presented are ten papers given at a 1974 conference focusing on realistic goals for serving learning disabled children in the decade ahead. Papers have the following titles and authors: "Introduction and Overview of the Problem of the Conference" (W. Cruickshank); "Concepts of Vision in Relation to Perception" (G. Getman); "Motor Activities and…

  3. Accreditation of Developmental Disabilities Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemp, Richard; Braddock, David

    1988-01-01

    Data gathered from 296 agency accreditation surveys, conducted by the Accreditation Council on Services for People with Developmental Disabilities, were analyzed, focusing on ownership, services provided, size of residential units, critical standards, characteristics of individuals served, and accreditation outcome. Redundancies between private…

  4. Disability Provider Form Dear Provider

    E-print Network

    Royer, Dana

    (ADA). These laws define a person with a disability as one who (1) has a physical or mental impairment manual tasks Seeing Hearing Breathing Sleeping Eating Standing Lifting Bending Walking March 2014 #12;FUNCTIONAL LIMITATIONS Mild Moderate Severe Comments Speaking Learning Reading Concentrating Thinking

  5. EEG Biofeedback and Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lubar, Joel F.

    1985-01-01

    The use of neurometric techniques for screening of learning disabilities and the subsequent use of electroencephalogram biofeedback techniques provides a solid foundation for helping children with attention deficit disorders to improve markedly their ability to learn and to obtain significant improvements in school performance. (MT)

  6. Learning Disabilities: Diagnosis and Prescription.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kappelman, Murray M.

    The author advocates an interdisciplinary team approach to diagnosis and prescription for the elementary school learning disabled (LD) child. Described is a 5-year project, funded under Title VI, operating within 11-18 elementary schools surrounding the University of Maryland Hospital. Biweekly services are offered to participating schools by a…

  7. International Statements on Disability Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rehabilitation International, New York, NY.

    The document brings together key policy documents related to disability proposed by the bodies of the United Nations system and of major nongovernmental organizations. Statements from nine United Nations agencies are presented: General Assembly; Economic and Social Council; Development Programme; World Conference of Decade for Women; Economic and…

  8. Do Schools Have Learning Disabilities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Jim

    1998-01-01

    Summarizes key themes described in the learning organization literature and discusses ways in which each theme illuminates how schools might be better organized to deliver services for students with disabilities. Addresses organizational learning, knowledge, authentic communication, vision, steward leadership, systems perspective, and…

  9. Information Technology and Disabilities, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Tom, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This document consists of all issues/pages of the electronic journal "Information Technology and Disabilities" published during 1996, i.e., a total of 13 ITD articles: (1) "New CSUF (California State University at Fullerton) Braille Transcription Center Promotes Access to Postsecondary Instructional Materials for the California State University…

  10. Learning Disabilities Association of America

    MedlinePLUS

    ... In Memory of Janet Lerner It is with deep sadness that we share with you that Dr. Janet Lerner passed away on May 26, 2015. Janet was a long-time supporter of Learning Disability Association’s since the late 1960’s, speaking at ...

  11. Consumer Education for Disabled Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nemeth, Cheryl; Del Rogers, James

    The curriculum provides consumer information on five topics to increase independence and effectiveness of physically disabled (PD) persons in the marketplace. Noted is development of the curriculum as part of a 3 stage county educational program in San Diego, California, including incorporation of findings from a needs assessment survey of PD and…

  12. MANCHESTER METROPOLITAN DISABILITY EQUALITY SCHEME

    E-print Network

    , and give emphasis to the need to promote positive attitudes towards disabled people and to encourage a better fit with other existing reporting mechanisms as long as reports are still produced annually develop plans. Starting with the Business School on 30/11/07. 3. Develop equality performance indicators

  13. The transformation of disabilities organizations.

    PubMed

    Schalock, Robert L; Verdugo, Miguel-Angel

    2013-08-01

    This article summarizes the five major characteristics of the transformation era and describes how intellectual and closely related developmental disabilities organizations can apply specific transformation strategies associated with each characteristic. Collectively, the characteristics and strategies provide a framework for transformation thinking, learning, and acting. Specific application examples are given. PMID:23909588

  14. Identifying the Learning Disabled Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, Kevin P.; Kegley, John F.

    1981-01-01

    Describes a pilot project in Montgomery County, Maryland aimed at developing a clear, functional procedure for identification of specific learning disabilities. An interdisciplinary team is used to interpret test scores that compare intelligence and achievement, and serves as a consultant to school staff members. (JAC)

  15. Information Technology and Disabilities, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Tom, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Articles published during 1997 include: "The Multi-Disability Workstation for Small Libraries" (Dick Banks and Steve Noble); "Talking Books: Toward a Digital Model" (John Cookson and others); "World Wide Access: Focus on Libraries" (Sheryl Burgstahler); "The Virtual Library: Collaborative Data Exchange and Electronic Text Delivery" (Steve Noble);…

  16. Disability Housing Accommodations Procedures & Guidelines

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Disability Housing Accommodations Procedures & Guidelines In compliance with Section 504 housing options. With this in mind, the university has established the following procedures to ensure to a location that may better addresses their needs through standard housing procedures. Please see the housing

  17. Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Tom, Ed.

    1995-01-01

    Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

  18. Benefits for Children with Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    ... with disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Medicaid and Medicare . . . . . 15 Children’s Health Insurance Program . . . . . . . . . 16 Other health care services . . .17 4 ... Lou Gehrig’s disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). 16 Children’s Health Insurance Program The Children’s Health Insurance Program enables states ...

  19. Useful Websites for Disabled Students

    E-print Network

    into employment is a challenging process for anyone and with a disability or long-term health condition it can headings are: General Autism D/deaf Dyslexia Mental health Spinal injuries Visual Impairment Post Graduate support, advice and guidance to students and graduates throughout the entire recruitment process

  20. FIPSE: Empowering Students with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coombs, Norman

    2002-01-01

    Describes how the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) has helped institutions reach out to groups they have historically neglected, including funding a project to formulate a global strategy for making computers accessible to disabled students. Includes a list of other projects. (EV)

  1. Information Technology and Disabilities, 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Tom, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Building an Accessible CD-ROM Reference Station" (Rochelle Wyatt and Charles Hamilton); "Development of an Accessible User Interface for People Who Are Blind or Vision Impaired as Part of the Re-Computerisation of Royal Blind Society…

  2. Counseling Center Disability Support Service

    E-print Network

    Li, Teng

    Counseling Center Disability Support Service 0106 Shoemaker Building College Park, Maryland 20742 of the Counseling Center. The Assistant Director of DSS will consult with University Counsel as deemed appropriate upon review by the Assistant Director of DSS in consultation with the Director #12;of the Counseling

  3. Forestry Commission Disability Equality Scheme

    E-print Network

    Forestry Commission Disability Equality Scheme 2009-2012 #12;CONTENTS Page · Foreword by the Forestry Commissioners 3 · Introduction 4 · The Forestry Commission's Structure 9 · Legal Obligations 12 20 · The Forestry Commission as a Service Provider 22 · The Forestry Commission as an Employer 23

  4. Disabled Peers and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friesen, Jane; Hickey, Ross; Krauth, Brian

    2010-01-01

    We use data on students in grades 4-7 in the Canadian province of British Columbia to investigate the effect of having disabled peers on value-added exam outcomes. Longitudinal data for multiple cohorts of students are used together with school-by-grade-level fixed effects to account for endogenous selection into schools. Our estimates suggest…

  5. Child Abuse and Developmental Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grayson, Joann, Ed.; Bartlette, Don

    1992-01-01

    Literature indicating high rates of abuse in this population is reviewed, as is literature indicating high rates of developmental disabilities in child victims of abuse. Problems in data collecting practices are noted. Reasons for these children's greater risk for abuse are identified, including child attributes, stress, parent vulnerabilities,…

  6. College Students with Psychiatric Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Delar K.

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on college students with psychiatric disabilities. It defines and discusses various psychiatric conditions such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and personality disorders. It concludes with accommodations that a college professor can make to help these students succeed in higher education. (Contains 1…

  7. Pediatric Disability and Caregiver Separation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCoyd, Judith L. M.; Akincigil, Ayse; Paek, Eun Kwang

    2010-01-01

    The evidence that the birth of a child with a disability leads to divorce or separation is equivocal, with the majority of recent research suggesting that such a birth and childrearing may be stressful, but not necessarily toxic, to the caregiver relationship. Such research has been limited by small sample sizes and nonrepresentative samples and…

  8. A Developmental Model of Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogow, Sally

    2005-01-01

    The education of children with visual impairments or blindness combined with other disabilities is increasingly recognized as one of the most compelling and challenging aspects of Special Education. We have come to recognize the multiple effects of combined sensory, neurological and/or psychological problems Visual and movement impairments impose…

  9. Hidden Disabilities: Another Diverse Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kravets, Marybeth

    1996-01-01

    Examines the numerous misconceptions surrounding learning disabilities (LD). Addresses such mistaken views: those with multiple LDs should not consider college; LD is the same as mental retardation; colleges deny admission to applicants if they are unable to accommodate the LD; and individuals who receive accommodations have an unfair advantage.…

  10. Hidden Disabilities: Another Diverse Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kravets, Marybeth

    2006-01-01

    This article, from the "Journal of College Admission's" Special Diversity Issue, which in its entirety has won the 1997 Muir Award, discusses various misconceptions regarding individuals with multiple learning disabilities and whether or not these individuals should consider college as an option. The author contends that students with learning…

  11. Perceptions about disability among Ghanaian university students.

    PubMed

    Naami, Augustina; Hayashi, Reiko

    2012-01-01

    An exploratory/descriptive study was conducted on a sample of university students, including 305 social work and sociology majors, in Ghana to evaluate their attitudes toward disabilities. The findings indicate that the students in general agree with the idea of community integration and equal rights of persons with disabilities. At the same time, they are ambivalent about characteristics of persons with disabilities and feel uncomfortable interacting with them. Further, a substantive minority holds strong prejudices against persons with disabilities. Universities should provide their students with opportunities to improve knowledge and attitudes about disabilities. PMID:22630599

  12. Theoretical Mobility Analysis of Ion Mobility Spectrometry

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    Results Theoretical Mobility Analysis of Ion Mobility Spectrometry Objective The purpose run and reduced mobility constants of ions were found in the noble gases at a constant temperature of both the ion and drift gas were then manipulated to explore the relationship between mass and mobility

  13. Hearing Loss and Incident Dementia

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Frank R.; Metter, E. Jeffrey; O’Brien, Richard J.; Resnick, Susan M.; Zonderman, Alan B.; Ferrucci, Luigi

    2011-01-01

    Context Earlier studies have suggested that hearing loss, which is prevalent in more than 30% of adults >60 years, may be a risk factor for dementia, but this hypothesis has never been investigated prospectively. Objective To determine if hearing loss is associated with incident all-cause dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Design, Setting, and Participants Prospective study of 639 participants (age 36 – 90 y) of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging who had audiometric testing and who were dementia-free in 1990-1994. Hearing loss was defined by a pure-tone average of hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz in the better-hearing ear (normal <25 dB [n = 455], mild loss 25-40 dB [n = 125], moderate loss 41-70 dB [n = 53], severe loss >70 dB [n = 6]). Diagnosis of incident dementia was made by consensus diagnostic conference. Cox proportional hazard models were used to model time to incident dementia according to severity of hearing loss and were adjusted for age, sex, race, education, diabetes, smoking, and hypertension. Main Outcome Measure Incidence of all-cause dementia and AD until May 31, 2008. Results During a median follow-up of 11.9 years, 58 cases of incident all-cause dementia were diagnosed of which 37 cases were AD. The risk of incident all-cause dementia increased log-linearly with the severity of baseline hearing loss (1.27 per 10 db loss, 95% CI: 1.06 – 1.50). Compared to normal hearing, the hazard ratio for incident all-cause dementia was 1.89 for mild hearing loss (95% CI: 1.00 – 3.58), 3.00 for moderate hearing loss (95% CI: 1.43 – 6.30), and 4.94 for severe hearing loss (95% CI: 1.09 – 22.4). The risk of incident AD also increased with baseline hearing loss but with a wider confidence interval (1.20 per 10 dB of hearing loss, 95% CI: 0.94 – 1.53). Conclusions Hearing loss is independently associated with incident all-cause dementia. Whether hearing loss is a marker for early stage dementia or is actually a modifiable risk factor for dementia deserves further study. PMID:21320988

  14. Function and disability in children with Costello syndrome and Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Barbara; Goldberg-Strassler, Dina; Gripp, Karen; Thacker, Mihr; Leoni, Chiara; Stevenson, David

    2015-01-01

    There is limited research on function in individuals with RASopathies. Our hypothesis was that there was function and disability differences between Costello syndrome (CS) and Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (CFCS). The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the functional performance and level of disability of children with CS and CFCS using the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Index (PEDI). Parents of individuals with a medical diagnosis of CS and CFCS completed the computer or paper version of the questionnaires. Comparisons of response data were made between the two syndromes and published normative data. Fifty-two parents participated in the study, 38 in the CS group and 14 in the CFCS group. There were no significant differences in PODCI or PEDI scores between the CS and CFCS groups. There were statistically significant differences from normative values for all PODCI domains (P???0.012). The PEDI T-scores of both groups were greater than two standard deviations below normative scores in mobility (CS?=?12.37, CFCS?=?2.37), social (CS?=?24.01, CFCS?=?20.08), and activity (CS?=?15.88, CFCS?=?14.32). Responsibility T scores were in the normal range (30-70) for the CS group (31.38), but not for the CFCS group (28.40). The CS and CFCS groups had activity limitations in the PODCI domains of upper extremity function, transfers, and mobility, sport and physical function. These functional limitations cause significant disability in the PEDI domains of daily activity, mobility, and socialization and cognition. CS and CFCS are similar conditions in respect to functional limitations and severity of disability. PMID:25346259

  15. Going mobile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brus, Eric

    1987-12-01

    By 1990, all metropolitan areas in the U.S. and rural areas close to major cities or towns are expected to have cellular telephone service; 22 Canadian cities also feature cellular service. To supply mobile telecommunication services to sparsely-populated rural areas, a mobile satellite service (MSS) is now being developed. In this paper the projected possibilities of the MSS system are discussed, including a possibility that a piggyback-MSS payload be added to the GSTAR-4 satellite which is scheduled for a launch in 1988 or 1989; one in which some of the hardware from aborted direct-broadcast satellites would be used; and the possibility of building a new MSS satellite with large servicing capacity. Canada is planning to launch its own mobile satellite, MSAT, in the early 1990s. The MSS is expected to be 'generic', serving not only people on land but maritime and aeronautical users as well. It will also offer major benefits to truck and automobile drivers, making it possible for them to conduct business or to call for assistance from locations beyond the range of cellular systems.

  16. Change in chronic disability from 1982 to 2004/2005 as measured by long-term changes in function and health in the U.S. elderly population

    PubMed Central

    Manton, Kenneth G.; Gu, XiLiang; Lamb, Vicki L.

    2006-01-01

    Changes in the health and functioning of the Medicare-enrolled population aged 65+ are tracked by using the 1982–2004/2005 National Long-Term Care Surveys. We found a significant rate of decline in the prevalence of chronic disability that accelerated from 1982 to 2004. These declines are significant for both persons with less severe chronic disability, which might be compensated by modifying the built environment and providing assistive devices, and for persons with more serious disability, which may be affected by reductions in the incidence and severity of disease through biomedical interventions. Declines in chronic disability continued over the 22-year period at a rate fast enough (i.e., 1.52% per annum) to contribute significantly to the long-term fiscal stability of the Medicare (and Medicaid) programs. Changes in the rate and substance of disability declines seem consistent with the intentions of policy interventions in Medicare and Medicaid. PMID:17101963

  17. Developmental Disabilities Institute presents expert on disability and The Developmental Disabilities Institute (DDI) welcomes professor, researcher

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    of Kinesiology. He is the editor of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology. For more information, please to the public. Martin will discuss his recent book chapter, "Exercise Psychology for Individuals with Disabilities," in Oxford University Press's Exercise Psychology. The chapter focuses on personal assistant

  18. Walking and sit-to-stand support system for elderly and disabled

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hong-Gul Jun; Yoon-Young Chang; Byung-Ju Dan; Byeong-Rim Jo; Byung-Hoon Min; Hyunseok Yang; Won-Kyung Song; Jongbae Kim

    2011-01-01

    Walking and sit-to-stand support system, the smart mobile walker, is being developed to help elderly and disabled to live an independent daily life. It comprises almost omni- directional driving mechanism, sit-to-stand support mechanism, and motion compliance module to control the system. The development and evaluation of basic motion compliance algorithm shows that the algorithm for extraction of user intention from

  19. Music reduces pain and increases functional mobility in fibromyalgia

    PubMed Central

    Garza-Villarreal, Eduardo A.; Wilson, Andrew D.; Vase, Lene; Brattico, Elvira; Barrios, Fernando A.; Jensen, Troels S.; Romero-Romo, Juan I.; Vuust, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The pain in Fibromyalgia (FM) is difficult to treat and functional mobility seems to be an important comorbidity in these patients that could evolve into a disability. In this study we wanted to investigate the analgesic effects of music in FM pain. Twenty-two FM patients were passively exposed to (1) self-chosen, relaxing, pleasant music, and to (2) a control auditory condition (pink noise). They rated pain and performed the “timed-up & go task (TUG)” to measure functional mobility after each auditory condition. Listening to relaxing, pleasant, self-chosen music reduced pain and increased functional mobility significantly in our FM patients. The music-induced analgesia was significantly correlated with the TUG scores; thereby suggesting that the reduction in pain unpleasantness increased functional mobility. Notably, this mobility improvement was obtained with music played prior to the motor task (not during), therefore the effect cannot be explained merely by motor entrainment to a fast rhythm. Cognitive and emotional mechanisms seem to be central to music-induced analgesia. Our findings encourage the use of music as a treatment adjuvant to reduce chronic pain in FM and increase functional mobility thereby reducing the risk of disability. PMID:24575066

  20. Summer activities: incidents and accidents.

    PubMed

    Krau, Stephen D

    2013-06-01

    Summer invites activities and sports that are unique to this time of year. Although safety is a priority, there are commonly accidents and incidents that occur while individuals are participating in these activities. The prevalence and incidence of several types of injuries and trauma related to water activities, camping, caving, backpacking, and hiking are discussed. Treatment of nonfatal drowning is discussed, along with the pathophysiologic process that must be corrected for optimal outcomes. Summer is a time for outdoor cooking, campfires, and the traditional Fourth of July firework pastimes, which can result in admissions to critical care areas. PMID:23692945

  1. The law's understanding of intellectual disability as a disability.

    PubMed

    Ellis, James W

    2013-04-01

    Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern in dealing with a person with ID is almost always with that person's functional abilities and limitations in society. This concern is reflected in various aspects of criminal and civil law, although the methods of assessing those functional abilities and limitations have changed considerably over time. The law has not always been wise or humane in its treatment of people with ID, but its focus on functional abilities and limitations allows us to assist people with ID to use their abilities and participate in society to their fullest potential. PMID:23537356

  2. Disability Resource Centre: Support and advice for disabled students

    E-print Network

    Steiner, Ullrich

    /mobility impairments and injuries (including wheelchair users, Upper Limb Disorder/RSI) n sensory impairments, schizophrenia, anxiety disorder) n long standing illnesses/health conditions (including cancer, chronic fatigue

  3. Incidence | Cancer Trends Progress Report

    Cancer.gov

    Cancer incidence is usually measured as the number of new cases each year for every 100,000 people (for gender-specific cancers, people of the same gender serve as the denominator) and age-adjusted to a standard population to allow comparisons over time.

  4. The Incidence of Sin Taxes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaisa Kotakorpiy

    We show that contrary to traditional incidence analysis, the burden of sin taxes does not necessarily fall most heavily on individuals with the highest level of consumption. We also derive a condition for cases where sin taxes improve individual welfare. We further argue that taxes on goods such as unhealthy food can be progressive when consumers have time-inconsistent preferences.

  5. Forming an Incident Response Team

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Danny Smith

    Forming an Incident Response Team (IRT) in the 1990s can be a daunting task. Many people forming an IRT have no experience with doing this. This paper examines the role an IRT may play in the community, and the issues that should be addressed both during the formation and after commencement of operations. It may be of benefit to existing

  6. IRSS: Incident Response Support System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gianluca Capuzzi; Luca Spalazzi; Francesco Pagliarecci

    2006-01-01

    Computer and network security can be improved by three kinds of tools: tools for intrusion prevention, tools for intrusion detection, and tools for incident response. Several systems have been proposed and developed for the first two kinds of tools. Concerning the third, as far as we know, the response is still left to the system administrator: no automatic tools have

  7. An Incident Response Support System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gianluca Capuzzi; Egidio Cardinale; Ivan Di Pietro; Luca Spalazzi

    2006-01-01

    Summary Computer and network security can be improved by three kinds of tools: tools for intrusion prevention, tools for intrusion detection, and tools for incident response. Many systems have been proposed and developed for the first two kinds of tools. Concerning the third, as far as we know, the response plan is still left to the security manager: no automatic

  8. Critical incident stress management (Cism)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George S Everly; Raymond B Flannery; Jeffrey T Mitchell

    2000-01-01

    Critical incident stress management (CISM) comprises a range of crisis intervention services that usually include precrisis training, individual crisis counseling, group debriefing, and postincident referral for primary and secondary victims. CISM is utilized to address the aftermath of violent acts, and has evolved from earlier crisis intervention and group psychological debriefing procedures. These approaches have been used throughout the world,

  9. Benefit Incidence Analysis in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lassibille, Gerard; Tan, Jee-Peng

    2007-01-01

    The standard benefit incidence algebra generally produces biased estimates of the distribution of public spending on education when students from poor and rich families are enrolled in schools that receive different levels of public spending per student. Except in very rare instances, removing these biases entails combining several sources of…

  10. Atomic Mobile

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this hands-on OLogy activity, kids learn about matter by building their own models of carbon out of pipe cleaners, wire, and clay. The activity begins with a kid-friendly introduction to matter, elements, and atoms. The illustrated, step-by-step directions show how to use the information about carbon on the Periodic Table to create a mobile that shows the element's basic structure. A PDF version of the Periodic Table, along with a kid-friendly overview of how to read it, is also included.

  11. INCIDENT REPORTING: LEARNING FROM EXPERIENCE

    SciTech Connect

    Weiner, Steven C.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Dean, Jesse D.; Davis, Patrick B.; Ruiz, Antonio

    2007-09-12

    Experience makes a superior teacher. Sharing the details surrounding safety events is one of the best ways to help prevent their recurrence elsewhere. This approach requires an open, non-punitive environment to achieve broad benefits. The Hydrogen Incident Reporting Tool (www.h2incidents.org) is intended to facilitate the sharing of lessons learned and other relevant information gained from actual experiences using and working with hydrogen and hydrogen systems. Its intended audience includes those involved in virtually any aspect of hydrogen technology, systems and use, with an emphasis towards energy and transportation applications. The database contains records of safety events both publicly available and/or voluntarily submitted. Typical records contain a general description of the occurrence, contributing factors, equipment involved, and some detailing of consequences and changes that have been subsequently implemented to prevent recurrence of similar events in the future. The voluntary and confidential nature and other characteristics surrounding the database mean that any analysis of apparent trends in its contents cannot be considered statistically valid for a universal population. A large portion of reported incidents have occurred in a laboratory setting due to the typical background of the reporting projects, for example. Yet some interesting trends are becoming apparent even at this early stage of the database’s existence and general lessons can already be taken away from these experiences. This paper discusses the database and a few trends that have already become apparent for the reported incidents. Anticipated future uses of this information are also described. This paper is intended to encourage wider participation and usage of the incidents reporting database and to promote the safety benefits offered by its contents.

  12. Aberrations for Grazing Incidence Optics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saha, Timo T.

    2008-01-01

    Large number of grazing incidence telescope configurations have been designed and studied. Wolte1 telescopes are commonly used in astronomical applications. Wolter telescopes consist of a paraboloidal primary mirror and a hyperboloidal or an ellipsoidal secondary mirror. There are 8 possible combinations of Wolter telescopes. Out of these possible designs only type 1 and type 2 telescopes are widely used. Type 1 telescope is typically used for x-ray applications and type 2 telescopes are used for EUV applications. Wolter-Schwarzshild (WS) telescopes offer improved image quality over a small field of view. The WS designs are stigmatic and free of third order coma and, therefore, the PSF is significantly better over a small field of view. Typically the image is more symmetric about its centroid. As for the Wolter telescopes there are 8 possible combinations of WS telescopes. These designs have not been widely used because the surface equations are complex parametric equations complicating the analysis and typically the resolution requirements are too low to take full advantage of the WS designs. There are several other design options. Most notable are wide field x-ray telescope designs. Polynomial designs were originally suggested by Burrows4 and hyperboloid-hyperboloid designs for solar physics applications were designed by Harvey5. No general aberration theory exists for grazing incidence telescopes that would cover all the design options. Several authors have studied the aberrations of grazing incidence telescopes. A comprehensive theory of Wolter type 1 and 2 telescopes has been developed. Later this theory was expanded to include all possible combinations of grazing incidence and also normal incidence paraboloid-hyperboloid and paraboloid-ellipsoid telescopes. In this article the aberration theory of Wolter type telescopes is briefly reviewed.

  13. http://dps.sagepub.com/ Journal of Disability Policy Studies

    E-print Network

    Guenther, Frank

    With Disabilities Published by: Hammill Institute on Disabilities and http://www.sagepublications.com can be founddps.sagepub.comDownloaded from #12;Journal of Disability Policy Studies XX(X) 1­11 © Hammill Institute.Journal of Disability Policy Studies © Hammill Institute on Disabilities 2011 Reprints and permission: sagepub

  14. `Difference in Itself': Validating Disabled People's Lived Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JAMES OVERBOE

    1999-01-01

    I argue that the lived experience of disabled people should be validated instead of a facile categorization. Thus far, a disabled sensibility is reduced to a categorical interpretation. Through my examination of a theoretical performance I illustrate how a disabled\\/able persona negates a disabled sensibility and allows an audience to experience the exotic disabled without examining their own `ableism'. Sobchack's

  15. How to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Brooks; Brian H. Kleiner

    2003-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act is a federally approved piece of legislation, designed to stop discrimination and to afford equal opportunities to those who are disabled. The Americans with Disabilities Act helps to protect against discrimination for persons who have physical or mental disabilities that limit their daily activities. The ADA provides legal options for persons with disabilities to address

  16. Traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord impairment in New Zealand: incidence and characteristics of people admitted to spinal units

    PubMed Central

    Derrett, Sarah; Beaver, Carolyn; Sullivan, Martin J; Herbison, G Peter; Acland, Rick; Paul, Charlotte

    2012-01-01

    This paper estimates the incidence (all ages) of spinal cord neurological impairment (SCI; traumatic and non-traumatic) in New Zealand and describes pre-SCI characteristics and early post-SCI outcomes for participants (16–64?years) in this longitudinal study. Demographic and clinical data on all people admitted to New Zealand's two spinal units (mid-2007 to mid-2009) were included for the estimate of incidence. Participants in this longitudinal study were asked at first interview about pre-SCI socio-demographic, health and behavioural characteristics, and about post-SCI symptoms, general health status (EQ-5D) and disability (WHODAS 12-item). Age-adjusted incidence rates (95% CI) for European, M?ori, Pacific and ‘Other’ ethnicities were 29 (24–34), 46 (30–64), 70 (40–100) and 16 (9–22) per million, respectively. Interviews with 118 (73%) participants (16–64?years), occurred 6.5?months post-SCI. Most reported bother with symptoms, and problems with health status and disability. Compared with Europeans, the incidence of SCI is high among M?ori and particularly high among Pacific people. Six months after SCI, proximate to discharge from the spinal units, considerable symptomatic, general health and disability burden was borne by people with SCI. PMID:22544829

  17. Traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord impairment in New Zealand: incidence and characteristics of people admitted to spinal units.

    PubMed

    Derrett, Sarah; Beaver, Carolyn; Sullivan, Martin J; Herbison, G Peter; Acland, Rick; Paul, Charlotte

    2012-10-01

    This paper estimates the incidence (all ages) of spinal cord neurological impairment (SCI; traumatic and non-traumatic) in New Zealand and describes pre-SCI characteristics and early post-SCI outcomes for participants (16-64 years) in this longitudinal study. Demographic and clinical data on all people admitted to New Zealand's two spinal units (mid-2007 to mid-2009) were included for the estimate of incidence. Participants in this longitudinal study were asked at first interview about pre-SCI socio-demographic, health and behavioural characteristics, and about post-SCI symptoms, general health status (EQ-5D) and disability (WHODAS 12-item). Age-adjusted incidence rates (95% CI) for European, M?ori, Pacific and 'Other' ethnicities were 29 (24-34), 46 (30-64), 70 (40-100) and 16 (9-22) per million, respectively. Interviews with 118 (73%) participants (16-64 years), occurred 6.5 months post-SCI. Most reported bother with symptoms, and problems with health status and disability. Compared with Europeans, the incidence of SCI is high among M?ori and particularly high among Pacific people. Six months after SCI, proximate to discharge from the spinal units, considerable symptomatic, general health and disability burden was borne by people with SCI. PMID:22544829

  18. Impact of compliance to oral hypoglycemic agents on short-term disability costs in an employer population.

    PubMed

    Hagen, Susan E; Wright, Douglas W; Finch, Ron; Talamonti, Walter J; Edington, Dee W

    2014-02-01

    This study evaluated the relationships between compliance with oral hypoglycemic agents and health care/short-term disability costs in a large manufacturing company. The retrospective analysis used an observational cohort drawn from active employees of Ford Motor Company. The study population consisted of 4978 individuals who were continuously eligible for 3 years (between 2001-2007) and who received a prescription for an oral hypoglycemic agent during that time. Medical, pharmacy, and short-term disability claims data were obtained from the University of Michigan Health Management Research Center data warehouse. Pharmacy claims/refill data were used to calculate the proportion of days covered (PDC); an individual was classified as compliant if his/her PDC was ?80%. Model covariates included age, sex, work type, and Charlson comorbidity scores. The impact of compliance on disability and health care costs was measured by comparing the costs of the compliant with those of the noncompliant during a 1-year follow-up. Among these employees, compliant patients had lower medical, higher pharmacy, and lower short-term disability costs than did the noncompliant. After adjusting for demographics and comorbidity, noncompliance was associated with statistically higher short-term disability costs ($1840 vs. $1161, P<0.0001), longer short-term disability duration, and an increase in short-term disability incidence (21.5% of the noncompliant had a claim compared to 16.0% of the compliant, P<0.0001). These results suggest that medication compliance may be important in curtailing the rise of health care/disability costs in the workplace. Employers concerned with the total costs associated with diabetes should not overlook the impact of compliance on short-term disability. PMID:23869539

  19. Relationships of Disability with Age Among Adults Aged 50 to 85: Evidence from the United States, England and Continental Europe

    PubMed Central

    Wahrendorf, Morten; Reinhardt, Jan D.; Siegrist, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To extend existing research on the US health disadvantage relative to Europe by studying the relationships of disability with age from midlife to old age in the US and four European regions (England/Northern and Western Europe/Southern Europe/Eastern Europe) including their wealth-related differences, using a flexible statistical approach to model the age-functions. Methods We used data from three studies on aging, with nationally representative samples of adults aged 50 to 85 from 15 countries (N?=?48225): the US-American Health and Retirement Study (HRS), the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Outcomes were mobility limitations and limitations in instrumental activities of daily living. We applied fractional polynomials of age to determine best fitting functional forms for age on disability in each region, while controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and important risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, physical inactivity). Results Findings showed high levels of disability in the US with small age-related changes between 50 and 85. Levels of disability were generally lower in Eastern Europe, followed by England and Southern Europe and lowest in Northern and Western Europe. In these latter countries age-related increases of disability, though, were steeper than in the US, especially in Eastern and Southern Europe. For all countries and at all ages, disability levels were higher among adults with low wealth compared to those with high wealth, with largest wealth-related differences among those in early old age in the USA. Conclusions This paper illustrates considerable variations of disability and its relationship with age. It supports the hypothesis that less developed social policies and more pronounced socioeconomic inequalities are related to higher levels of disability and an earlier onset of disability. PMID:23977172

  20. Services for Students with Disabilities Confidentiality Statement Services for Students with Disabilities

    E-print Network

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    Services for Students with Disabilities Confidentiality Statement March 2010 Services for Students with Disabilities Confidentiality Statement For Documentation and Services The Services for Students information regarding students served by the SSD office is housed in the Services for Students

  1. 75 FR 21282 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)--Improved...

  2. 75 FR 26952 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-13

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)--Center on...

  3. Age and disability: explaining the wage differential.

    PubMed

    Gannon, Brenda; Munley, Margaret

    2009-07-01

    This paper estimates the level of explained and unexplained factors that contribute to the wage gap between workers with and without disabilities, providing benchmark estimates for Ireland. It separates out the confounding impact of productivity differences between disabled and non-disabled, by comparing wage differentials across three groups, disabled with limitations, disabled without limitations and non-disabled. Furthermore, data are analysed for the years 1995-2001 and two sub-samples pre and post 1998 allow us to decompose wage differentials before and after the Employment Equality Act 1998. Results are comparable to those of the UK and the unexplained component (upper bound of discrimination) is lower once we control for productivity differences. The lower bound level depends on the contribution of unobserved effects and the validity of the selection component in the decomposition model. PMID:19464783

  4. World Report on Disability, Intellectual Disabilities, and Disaster Preparedness: Costa Rica as a Case Example 

    E-print Network

    Stough, Laura

    2015-01-01

    rehabilitation can be provided even in developing countries. Although rehabilitation is usually considered for individuals with physical disabilities, individuals with intellectual disabilities are may also require rehabilitation services. Some estimates (e... with intellectual disabilities are distinguished by the context in which they occur. For example, in some developing countries, illiteracy and innu- meracy may be common and thus limitations that many people with intellectual disabilities evidence in these areas do...

  5. Violence Exposure Among Children with Disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia M. Sullivan

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this paper is children with disabilities exposed to a broad range of violence types including child maltreatment,\\u000a domestic violence, community violence, and war and terrorism. Because disability research must be interpreted on the basis\\u000a of the definitional paradigm employed, definitions of disability status and current prevalence estimates as a function of\\u000a a given paradigm are initially considered.

  6. Childhood disability: ordinary lives for extraordinary families.

    PubMed

    Heywood, Janet

    2010-04-01

    Government reports, campaigning groups and parents all value the goal that families with disabled children should live 'ordinary lives'. Yet evidence of the impact of childhood disability on finances, housing, relationships, family life and mental health all points to barriers that families face to achieving this. With numbers of disabled children rising significantly, increasing numbers of families are living with disabled children and experiencing a life that feels very far from ordinary. Support services, both within health and the local authority, may use a medical model of disability that fails to acknowledge some of these challenges. This paper aims to raise awareness of some of the issues faced by families with disabled children and argues for a more holistic, social model of disability that takes account of the needs of the whole family when considering support needs, not only the needs of the disabled child.This has the potential to reduce the social and practical cost of supporting disabled children, improve outcomes for the whole family, and enable families to enjoy their children within a family life that feels something much closer to'ordinary'. PMID:20441096

  7. The Documentation Disconnect for Students with Learning Disabilities: Improving Access to Postsecondary Disability Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disability Quarterly, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This report by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD) outlines important concerns about documentation issues related to students with disabilities as they transition from high school to postsecondary settings. These issues center on the "disconnect" between the nature and extent of disability documentation generated during a…

  8. Enacting Disability: How Can Science and Technology Studies Inform Disability Studies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galis, Vasilis

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to discuss how science and technology studies (STS) can inform disability studies and challenge dominant approaches, such as the medical and the social models, in the ordering and representation of disability. Disability studies and STS have followed somewhat parallel paths in the history of ideas. From a positivist approach to…

  9. Willingness to Engage in Personal Relationships with Persons with Disabilities: Examining Category and Severity of Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Eva; Chen, Roy; Glover-Graf, Noreen M.; Kranz, Peter

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the willingness of persons without disabilities (PWODs) to engage in personal relationships with persons with disabilities (PWDs). Participants (N = 305) were primarily female Hispanic students (91%) preparing for careers in the helping professions. The "Relationships and Disability Survey" assessed the effect of the category…

  10. Intersectionality and Disability Harassment: The Interactive Effects of Disability, Race, Age, and Gender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Linda R.; Chan, Fong; McMahon, Brian T.

    2012-01-01

    A possible interaction among the characteristics of disability, race, gender, and age was examined with respect to formal allegations of disability harassment. Using data from the National Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Research Project, the authors examined whether there was an interaction…

  11. Drexel University Office of Disability Services Scholarships for Students with Disabilities

    E-print Network

    Rockville Maryland 20852 Attn: Emily Diaz $4,000 June 6, 2009* http://www.ashfoundation.org/Foundation/grants/GraduateScholarshipsDrexel University Office of Disability Services Scholarships for Students with Disabilities General Disability Scholarships Organization & Scholarship Name Amount of Prize Filing Deadline Additional

  12. Perceptions of disability and occupational stress as discriminators of work disability in patients with chronic pain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Feuerstein; Ronald W. Thebarge

    1991-01-01

    Pain-related work disability can be influenced by a number of medical, physical, and psychosocial factors. The present study investigated the role of perceived disability, occupational stress, pain, and distress in patients with chronic pain disorders who work despite pain and patients who are work disabled. A total of 165 patients referred to a multidisciplinary pain treatment center for chronic pain

  13. SDSU--Student Disability Services--11/2010 Page 1 of 5 Student Disability Services

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    BY STUDENT (Please type or print legibly in ink): Last Name: First Name: Red ID#: Date of Birth: I authorizeSDSU--Student Disability Services--11/2010 Page 1 of 5 Student Disability Services San Diego State and services from Student Disability Services (SDS) at San Diego State University, verification and supporting

  14. Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

  15. Recognising the Needs of Every Disabled Child: The Development of Tools for a Disability Census

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

    2011-01-01

    The Equality Act 2010 further enshrines the duties on organisations set out in the Disability Discrimination Act 2005 to safeguard the rights of vulnerable children. However, disability is a complex phenomenon, which makes the collection of data, and the subsequent identification of children who might be classed as disabled, problematic. This…

  16. Happiness Disabled: Sensory Disabilities, Happiness and the Rise of Educational Expertise in the Nineteenth Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verstraete, Pieter; Söderfeldt, Yva

    2014-01-01

    To date, the historical entanglement of disability and happiness has not been considered an object worth of historical inquiry. Nor has the intersection of disability and emotions been used as a lens to examine the history of disability. Our paper aims at filling this academic void by analysing a wide range of philosophical, anthropological,…

  17. "Laughing with/at the Disabled": The Cultural Politics of Disability in Australian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goggin, Gerard

    2010-01-01

    In 2007 the film-maker Michael Noonan embarked on a project initially entitled "Laughing at the Disabled" (a title then changed to "Laughing with the Disabled"), a collaboration between himself and three people with intellectual disabilities. A doctoral candidate in the Creative Industries at Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Noonan's…

  18. Stigma as a barrier to employment: Mental disability and the Americans with Disabilities Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teresa L. Scheid

    2005-01-01

    In a controversial expansion of workplace civil rights, the 1990 Americans with Disability Act (ADA) extended anti-discrimination protection to individuals with “mental impairments.” One of the most critical barriers to the employment of individuals with mental disabilities is the degree of social stigma such disabilities incur, and there is compelling evidence that employers have stigmatizing attitudes and have discriminated against

  19. American with Disabilities Act (ADA): human computer interactin for persons with disablities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jon R. Gunderson

    1994-01-01

    The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 requires employers to provide “reasonable accommodation” to workers with disabilities. One of the most important areas for reasonable accommodation is access to general purpose and specialized computer systems used in workplaces and educational institutions. Providing the means for people with disabilities to access computer systems is often described as “electronic curb cuts

  20. At Second Glance: Employers and Employees with Learning Disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Lynda A.; Gerber, Paul J.

    2001-01-01

    Previous findings on employer knowledge about learning disabilities were compared to 25 employers from Pennsylvania and Virginia. Findings indicate that employers are continuing to make efforts to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 regulations but have little knowledge or experience with it in terms of learning disabilities.…

  1. The Disability Discrimination Act in the UK: Helping or Hindering Employment Amongst the Disabled?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Axel Heitmüller

    The enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990 triggered a substantial academic debate about its consequences on employment rates of disabled people. In contrast, the employment provision of the 1996 Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) in Britain has received little attention. This paper provides robust evidence that, similar to the ADA in the US, the DDA has had

  2. The Disability Discrimination Act in the UK: Helping or hindering employment among the disabled?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Bell; Axel Heitmueller

    2009-01-01

    The enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990 triggered a substantial academic debate about its consequences on employment rates of disabled people. In contrast, the employment provision of the 1996 Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) in Britain has received little attention. Exploiting both pooled and longitudinal data, this paper provides robust evidence that, similar to the ADA in

  3. The Americans with Disabilities Act and the Current State of U.S. Disability Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerben DeJong; Andrew I. Batavia

    1990-01-01

    The passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) reflects a new stage in American disability policy. However, important policy issues that pre-date the passage of ADA remain unresolved. The most important concern policy assumptions that have guided various disability income and medical assistance programs since their inception in the 1950s and 1960s. The most detrimental assumption is that, to

  4. The Disability Discrimination Act in the UK: Helping or Hindering Employment Amongst the Disabled?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David N. F. Bell; Axel Heitmueller

    2005-01-01

    The enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990 triggered a substantial academic debate about its consequences on employment rates of disabled people. In contrast, the employment provision of the 1996 Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) in Britain has received little attention. This paper provides robust evidence that, similar to the ADA in the US, the DDA has had

  5. Disability Studies in Education: The Need for a Plurality of Perspectives on Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baglieri, Susan; Valle, Jan W.; Connor, David J.; Gallagher, Deborah J.

    2011-01-01

    This article asserts that the field of special education, historically founded on conceptions of disability originating within scientific, psychological, and medical frameworks, will benefit from acknowledging broader understandings of disability. Although well intended, traditional understandings of disability in special education have…

  6. Teaching the "Invisible" Disabled Students in the Classroom: Disclosure, Inclusion and the Social Model of Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    Drawing on the insights of critical disability studies, this article addresses anxieties frequently articulated by academic staff around the implementation of the United Kingdom's Disability Discrimination Act: how to accommodate the needs of students with "hidden" impairments. Following the social model of disability, it argues that universities…

  7. Ensuring mobility-supporting environments for an aging population: critical actors and collaborations.

    PubMed

    Kochtitzky, Chris S; Freeland, Amy L; Yen, Irene H

    2011-01-01

    Successful aging takes on an array of attributes, including optimal health and community participation. Research indicates that (1) persons with disabilities, including age-related disabilities, report frequent barriers to community participation, including unsuitable building design (43%), transportation (32%), and sidewalks/curbs (31%), and (2) many seniors report an inability to cross roads safely near their homes. This paper attempts to define mobility-related elements that contribute to optimal health and quality of life, within the context of successful aging. It then examines the impacts of community design on individual mobility, delving into which traditional and nontraditional actors-including architects, urban planners, transportation engineers, occupational therapists, and housing authorities-play critical roles in ensuring that community environments serve as facilitators (rather than barriers) to mobility. As America ages, mobility challenges for seniors will only increase unless both traditional aging specialists and many nontraditional actors make a concerted effort to address the challenges. PMID:21766029

  8. A framework for robust mobile robot systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melchior, Nik A.; Smart, William D.

    2004-12-01

    Fielded mobile robot systems will inevitably suffer hardware and software failures. Failures in a single subsystem can often disable the entire robot, especially if the controlling application does not consider such failures. Often simple measures, such as a software restart or the use of a secondary sensor, can solve the problem. However, these fixes must generally be applied by a human expert, who might not be present in the field. In this paper, we describe a recovery-oriented framework for mobile robot applications which addresses this problem in two ways. First, fault isolation automatically provides graceful degradation of the overall system as individual software and hardware components fail. In addition, subsystems are monitored for known failure modes or aberrant behavior. The framework responds to detected or immanent failures by restarting or replacing the suspect component in a manner transparent to the application programmer and the robot's operator.

  9. Mobile computer application for promoting physical activity.

    PubMed

    McMahon, Siobhan; Vankipuram, Mithra; Fleury, Julie

    2013-04-01

    Despite evidence that physical activity reduces the risk of falls and other causes of disability and death, the majority of older adults do not engage in physical activity on a regular basis. Mobile technology applications have emerged as potential resources for promoting physical activity behavior. This article describes features of a new application, Ready?Steady, highlighting approaches used in its design and development, and implications for clinical practice. Iterative processes enabled the design, development, implementation, and evaluation of the application consistent with the wellness motivation theory, as well as established user-specific strategies and theoretical design principles. Implications in terms of potential benefits and constraints are discussed. Integrating technology that promotes health and wellness in the form of mobile computer applications is a promising adjunct to nursing practice. PMID:23463915

  10. Spousal Caregiving and Incident Hypertension

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin D. Capistrant; J. Robin Moon; M. Maria Glymour

    2012-01-01

    BackgroundCaring for one's spouse has been associated with poor health, including risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) onset and mortality. However, few studies have assessed the risk of incident hypertension associated with spousal caregiving. This paper investigates this association in a large, nationally representative sample of American older adults.MethodsMarried, hypertension-free, Health and Retirement Study (HRS) respondents aged 50+ in 2000, (n

  11. The Incidence of Lynch Syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Albert de la Chapelle

    2005-01-01

    Lynch syndrome (LS) here is defined as carriership of a deleterious mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutation. By screening for MMR gene mutations in unselected colorectal or endometrial cancer patients, it was found that the prevalence of LS in colorectal and endometrial cancer patients is 1–3%. On extrapolation to the entire population, the incidence of LS is between 1:2000 and 1:660.

  12. 76 FR 39159 - Schedule for Rating Disabilities; The Digestive System

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-05

    ...for Rating Disabilities; The Digestive System; Proposed Rule Federal Register / Vol...for Rating Disabilities; The Digestive System AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs...Disabilities that addresses the Digestive System. The purpose of this change is to...

  13. 75 FR 45039 - Increasing Federal Employment of Individuals With Disabilities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-30

    ...Government has an important interest in reducing discrimination against Americans living with a disability, in eliminating the stigma associated with disability, and in encouraging Americans with disabilities to seek employment in the Federal workforce....

  14. Brief Guidelines for Documentation of Learning Disabilities (LD)

    E-print Network

    Brief Guidelines for Documentation of Learning Disabilities (LD) Harvard University Division your clinician in preparing documentation of your disability in order to help determine the appropriate accommodation. Please forward documentation that meets these guidelines to the Disability Services Coordinator

  15. 34 CFR 300.307 - Specific learning disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Specific learning disabilities. 300.307 Section 300...Procedures for Identifying Children with Specific Learning Disabilities § 300.307 Specific learning disabilities. (a) General. A...

  16. Bias Report Form Please use this form to report an incident of bias involving a student at Washington University in St. Louis.

    E-print Network

    Larson-Prior, Linda

    to appropriate university administrators. Full Name My WUSTL Affiliation (select all that apply): undergraduate/mm) public indecency pursuit / chase sexual assault stalking text message harassment theft of personal Perceived Motivation of Incident age disability ethnicity gender identity, or expression nationality

  17. Reading Instruction for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities in Juvenile Corrections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkerson, Kimber L.; Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Mason-Williams, Loretta; Lane, Holly B.

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to obtain (a) a national picture of the characteristics of special educators who provide reading or English instruction in juvenile corrections facilities and (b) characteristics of the schools in which they work and the students who they serve. In addition, the study was designed to gather information on teacher use of…

  18. Paraprofessional Involvement in Self-Determination Instruction for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Carter, Erik W.; Sisco, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Although enhancing students' self-determination is advocated as a central element of high-quality special education and transition services, little is known about the ways in which paraprofessionals are involved in promoting self-determination or the extent to which they share teachers' views regarding its importance. The authors surveyed 223…

  19. Having a career in disability studies without even becoming disabled! The strains of the disabled teaching body

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fiona A. Kumari Campbell

    2009-01-01

    Does it matter who teaches disability studies, whether that teacher has a disability or not? Maybe this might strike the reader as a peculiar question – to focus on the teacher’s body or knowledge standpoint. There are certain theoretical and ontological implications in asking such questions. This article is an attempt to theorise about the way the bodies of teachers

  20. Emplotting children's lives: developmental delay vs. disability.

    PubMed

    Landsman, Gail

    2003-05-01

    While it is increasingly possible to envision "perfect" babies, it is not always the case that reproduction actually proceeds according to individual will; for example, there has been no recent reduction in rates of childhood disability. Nevertheless, in most studies of new reproductive technologies, the birth of those children whom few would actively choose-"defective" or disabled infants-is presented only in hypothetical terms. This paper argues for expanding the domain of reproduction to include research on the parenting of children with disabilities. Based on a qualitative research project carried out at a hospital-based newborn follow-up program that serves as an evaluation site determining eligibility for early intervention services for infants and young children with disabilities, this paper focuses on a particular part of women's experience of acquiring new knowledge about personhood and disability, that is, on the period of time when a woman has recently had confirmed that reproduction has, in her case, gone awry. Disability in many cultures, including the United States, diminishes personhood. I suggest that American mothers' narratives, by utilizing the concept of developmental delay, can assert personhood, or rather, the potential for its future attainment; in doing so, they justify ongoing nurturance of a disabled child in spite of negative attitudes about disability. A particular case of one mother's emplotment of her child's life within a story of developmental delay, in competition with the physician's story of disability, is analyzed. The paper concludes with reflections on how stories of developmental delay told by mothers just encountering a diagnosis of disability may differ from the stories told by those who have experienced mothering a disabled child over time, and on the implications of these differences for the cultural construction of personhood in the United States. PMID:12650731

  1. Impairment and disability: Renoir's adaptive coping strategies against rheumatoid arthritis.

    PubMed

    Kowalski, Evan; Chung, Kevin C

    2012-12-01

    Pierre-Auguste Renoir was one of the most influential painters in art history, but few people know that he suffered from debilitating rheumatoid arthritis. Despite his arthritis, he was able to maintain an incredible level of precision and efficiency with his painting. More importantly, he remained positive and did not let his condition affect his passion for painting or take away from the beauty that he saw in the world around him. Renoir applied a wide variety of coping mechanisms and used his ingenuity to come up with different ways to continue painting even as his arthritis weakened him. Renoir's long battle with rheumatoid arthritis serves as an inspiration to patients who experience the pain and limited mobility associated with this disease, encouraging them to persevere and to develop coping mechanisms that prevent the effects of their impairment from disabling them. PMID:24294153

  2. Mobility and Reading Habits of the Blind; An Inquiry Made for the Ministry of Health, Covering the Registered Blind of England and Wales in 1965. Government Social Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, P.G.; Todd, Jean E.

    A random sample of registered blind people in England and Wales (5% of those aged 16 to 65 and 1.7% of those aged 65 to 79) was interviewed in 1965 regarding mobility, orientation, and reading. Data included age, age when blindness occurred, sex, residual sight for mobility, residual sight for reading, other disabilities, and ability to walk…

  3. Anabledd / Disability o Dim anabledd hysbys / No known disability

    E-print Network

    Harman, Neal.A.

    / Wheelchair user/mobility difficulties o Cymorth gofal personol / Personal care support o Anawsterau iechyd, diabetes, clefyd cronig y galon, neu epilepsi / A long standing illness or health condition such as cancer a wheelchair or crutches o Byddar neu nam difrifol ar y clyw / Deaf or a serious hearing impairment o Dall neu

  4. Specification of Mobile Transparency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andry Rakotonirainy; Andy Bond

    There is a rapid growth in mobile computing which will allow the user to access information fr om anywhere at any time. It is driven by two factors: (1) the success of mobile hardware such as mobile phones, lap-tops, pagers and wireless network infrastructure promoted by the industry (2); mobile softwar e and platforms which are the subject of an

  5. Mobile instant messaging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roland Parviainen; Peter Parnes

    2003-01-01

    We describe a mobile instant messaging system, MIM, designed for mobile environments. During the design of mobile applications, several new problems and possibilities have to be considered that do not exist with applications targeted at desktop PCs. One example of an application not designed for a mobile environment is the current, very popular, instant messaging, typified by systems such as

  6. Mobile Informal Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Glahn; Dirk Börner

    2010-01-01

    Mobile technologies play an important role in contemporary communication. Starting from mobile telephony, mobile devices are increasingly becoming ubiquitous devices for personal information management and communication through different channels. These new devices shape our perception of information, communication, participation, and learning. Moreover, new and smart mobile technology challenges the current views on education and learning more radically then the worldwide

  7. Constructing Probabilistic ATMS Using Extended Incidence Calculus 

    E-print Network

    Bundy, Alan; Liu, W.

    This paper discusses the relations between extended incidence calculus and assumption-based truth maintenance systems (ATMSs). We first prove that managing labels for statements (nodes) in an ATMS is equivalent to producing incidence sets...

  8. Difference Not Deficit: Reconceptualizing Mathematical Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Katherine E.

    2014-01-01

    Mathematical learning disability (MLD) research often conflates low achievement with disabilities and focuses exclusively on deficits of students with MLDs. In this study, the author adopts an alternative approach using a response-to-intervention MLD classification model to identify the resources students draw on rather than the skills they lack.…

  9. DISABLED STUDENT SERVICES GUIDEA HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    RESOURCE DISABLED STUDENT SERVICES GUIDEA HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS Office of Disabled Student Services students, faculty, and staff work in close collaboration to expand knowledge. Our affordable undergraduate and graduate programs provide students the best of current practice, theory, and research and integrate

  10. Graphical user interfaces and visually disabled users

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonard H. D. Poll; Ronald P. Waterham

    1995-01-01

    From February 1992 until the end of 1993, the authors ((IPO) Institute for Perception Research) participated in a European ((TIDE) Technology Initiative for Disabled and Elderly) project which addressed the problem arising for visually disabled computer-users from the growing use of Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs). With the authors' project partners (Frank Audiodata, the Nottingham Polytechnic, and Sensory Visionaid), they developed

  11. Nutritional Aspects of Disability and Rehabilitation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andria Innocenza Bongiorno; Ornella Pastoris; Manuela Verri

    Disability from systemic diseases such as stroke, brain injury, chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer as well as from major surgery or skeletal trauma may be exalted by alterations in the patient's nutrition induced by or associated with the primary disease. Fundamentally, and for practical purposes, the effects of altered nutrition relevant to disability are reduced skeletal muscle

  12. Moral Philosophy, Disability, and Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitch, E. Frank

    2009-01-01

    Disability and dependence are integral to the human experience and yet have been largely marginalized or denigrated within Western philosophy. Joining a growing counter narrative from the disability studies movement, several mainstream moral philosophers are helping to redress this error. In this essay, the author discusses ideas from four such…

  13. Integrating Disabled Citizens into the Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agness, Phyllis J.

    1981-01-01

    The most significant barrier to the integration of the disabled is the lack of acceptance and understanding by nondisabled persons. Educators must strive not only to train the disabled for independent living, but to teach acceptance of human differences to the nondisabled. (Part of a theme issue on mainstreaming.) (Author/SJL)

  14. Articulating Learning Disabilities in the Digital Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leko, Melinda M.; Griffin, Cynthia C.

    2009-01-01

    In a 1986 study published in the "Learning Disability Quarterly," Simmons and Kame'enui examined information found in popular periodicals about learning disabilities (LD) in an effort to understand what people learn about LD from these high-readership sources. After more than 20 years, advances in technology have brought significant changes to how…

  15. Epilepsy and Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oguni, Hirokazu

    2013-01-01

    The co-occurrence of epilepsy in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and other developmental disabilities (DD) has received attention because it has a significant negative impact on health, well-being, and quality of life. The current research investigating the frequency and form of epilepsy in children with ID and DD is reviewed, with…

  16. Travel Training for Youth with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bourland, Eric, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This issue consists of a collection of articles that focus on the types of skills and programs that youth with disabilities need to travel independently. Articles include: (1) "An Introduction to Travel Training" (Margaret M. Groce) discusses the support for travel training provided by the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Individuals with…

  17. Academic Accommodations for Students with Psychiatric Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Souma, Alfred; Rickerson, Nancy; Burgstahler, Sheryl

    This brief paper summarizes the literature on academic accommodations for students with psychiatric disabilities. A definition of psychiatric disability precedes a brief summary of the following specific psychiatric diagnoses: depression, bipolar affective disorder; borderline personality disorder; schizophrenia; and anxiety disorders. Also noted…

  18. Insult to Injury: Disability, Earnings, and Divorce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singleton, Perry

    2012-01-01

    This study measures the longitudinal effect of disability on earnings, marriage, and divorce. The data come from the Survey of Income and Program Participation matched to administrative data on longitudinal earnings. Using event-study methods, the results show that the onset of a work-preventing disability is associated with a precipitous decline…

  19. Learning Disabilities: From Identification to Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Jack M.; Lyon, G. Reid; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Barnes, Marcia A.

    2006-01-01

    Evidence based and comprehensive, this important work offers a new approach to understanding and intervening with students with learning disabilities. The authors--leading experts in neuropsychology and special education--present a unique model of learning disabilities that integrates the cognitive, neural, genetic, and contextual factors…

  20. IDEA 2004 and Disciplining Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Joseph B.; Katsiyannis, Antonis; Peterson, Reece; Chmelar, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) included substantive changes in the area of disciplining students with disabilities. Historically, discipline has been a divisive issue within the field of special education. Many administrators and teachers believe differential treatment has been afforded to this population, fostering…