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1

Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether lack of perceived neighborhood safety due to crime, or living in high crime neighborhoods was associated with incident mobility disability in elderly populations. We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 – 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards. METHODS:

Cheryl R Clark; Ichiro Kawachi; Louise Ryan; Karen Ertel; Martha E Fay; Lisa F Berkman

2009-01-01

2

Education Predicts Incidence of Preclinical Mobility Disability in Initially High-Functioning Older Women. The Women's Health and Aging Study II  

PubMed Central

Background. To examine the impact of educational attainment on the incidence of preclinical mobility disability (PCD). Methods. The Women's Health and Aging II Study is a prospective observational cohort study of 436 initially high-functioning community-dwelling women aged 70–79 years at baseline in Baltimore, Maryland. We measured the association of highest attained education level with preclinical mobility disability (PCD) over an 11-year period. PCD is defined as self-reported modification in any of four tasks without reporting difficulty in those tasks. The tasks were walking ½ mile, climbing up steps, doing heavy housework, and getting in/out of bed or chair. Results. Participants with less than 9 years of education were more likely to acquire incident PCD (hazard ratio: 3.1, 95% confidence interval = 1.2–7.7) than their counterparts with more education after adjusting for income, marital status, number of diseases, and high self-efficacy. Conclusions. Lower education level is an independent predictor of incident preclinical mobility disability. This association has important implications for primary and secondary prevention and can be easily assessed in clinical encounters.

Gregory, Patricia C.; Xue, Qian-Li; Tian, Jing; Thorpe, Roland J.; Fried, Linda P.

2011-01-01

3

Disability, resources, role demands and mobility handicap.  

PubMed

Research on disablement highlights a wide variability in the impact of disabling conditions on individuals' lives. However, in most of this work, the relationships between impairment/disability and features of individuals' social and physical environments are not specified conceptually. Recent conceptual work in the context of the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps (ICIDH) suggests that the impact of impairment/disability on individuals' lives is contingent on levels of resources and other aspects of social context. The research question addressed in this paper is whether selected social factors affect the impact of impairment/disability on mobility handicap, defined as 'the individual's ability to move about effectively in his/her surroundings'. Two types of social factors are considered: resources such as help from others or having a car available; and social role obligations such as having a job or visiting relatives. Data are derived from a 1986 probability sample of 570 individuals with disabilities living in communities in Calderdale, Yorkshire, England. Multiple-regression models indicate that the impact of walking disability on mobility handicap was reduced by availability of a car in the household and school or job obligations. Other impairments/disabilities, resources and social role demands examined did not act on mobility outcomes in this manner. Implications for conceptualizing and testing relationships between impairment, disability, handicap and social and physical environments are discussed. A critical task for future research is the investigation of personal and social resources and barriers that may moderate the impact of disability on individuals' lives. PMID:7787199

McDonough, P A; Badley, E M; Tennant, A

4

Persistent Mobility Disability After Neurotoxic Chemotherapy  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose The impact of cancer and its treatments on balance and functional mobility in older adults remains unknown but is increasingly important, given the evolution of cancer treatments. Subacute and more persistent side effects such as chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy are on the rise, and the effects on mobility and balance, as well as the prognosis for resolution of any functional deficits, must be established before interventions can be trialed. The purpose of this case report is to describe the severity and long-term persistence of mobility decline in an older adult who received neurotoxic chemotherapy. To our knowledge, this is the first case report to describe an older adult with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy using results of standardized balance and mobility tests and to focus on prognosis by repeating these measures more than 2 years after chemotherapy. Case Description An 81-year-old woman received a neurotoxic agent (paclitaxel) after curative mastectomy for breast cancer. Baseline testing prior to taxane therapy revealed a socially active woman with no reported functional deficits or neuropathic symptoms, 1.2-m/s gait speed, and performance at the ceiling on balance and gait portions of a standardized mobility measure. Outcomes After 3 cycles, paclitaxel therapy was stopped by the oncologist because of neurotoxicity. Declines as large as 50% were seen in performance-based measures at 12 weeks and persisted at 2.5 years, and the patient reported recurrent falls, cane use, and mobility-related disability. Discussion This case highlights the extent to which function can decline in an older individual receiving neurotoxic chemotherapy, the potential for these deficits to persist years after treatment is stopped, and the need for physical therapy intervention and further research in this population.

Fitzgerald, G. Kelley; Studenski, Stephanie A.

2010-01-01

5

Semiautonomous outdoor mobility support system for elderly and disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have been developing the Robotic Communication Terminals (RCTs), which are integrated into a mobility support system to assist elderly or disabled people who suffer from impaired mobility. The RCT system consists of three types of terminals and one server: an environment-embedded terminal, a user-carried mobile terminal, a user-carrying mobile terminal, and a barrier-free map server. The RCT is an

Kentaro KAYAMA; Ikuko Eguchi YAIRI; Seiji IGI

2003-01-01

6

Incidence of Dementia in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dementia may be more common in older adults with intellectual disability (ID) than in the general population. The increased risk for Alzheimer's disease in people with Down syndrome (DS) is well established, but much less is known about dementia in adults with ID who do not have DS. We estimated incidence rates from a longitudinal study of…

Strydom, Andre; Chan, Trevor; King, Michael; Hassiotis, Angela; Livingston, Gill

2013-01-01

7

Understanding mobile phone requirements for young adults with cognitive disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones have transformed the way we communicate with friends and family, coordinate our daily activities, and organize our lives. For families with children with cognitive disabilities there is widespread hope, though not always fulfilled, that personal technologies - particularly mobile phones - can bring a dramatic increase in their children's level of safety, independence, and social connectedness. In this

Melissa Dawe

2007-01-01

8

Incidence of dementia in older adults with intellectual disabilities.  

PubMed

Dementia may be more common in older adults with intellectual disability (ID) than in the general population. The increased risk for Alzheimer's disease in people with Down syndrome (DS) is well established, but much less is known about dementia in adults with ID who do not have DS. We estimated incidence rates from a longitudinal study of dementia in older adults with ID without DS and compared them to general population rates. 222 participants with ID without DS aged 60 years and older were followed up an average of 2.9 years later to identify those who had declined in functional or cognitive abilities. Those who screened positive had a comprehensive assessment for dementia, diagnosed using ICD 10 and DSM IV criteria. 134 participants who did not have dementia at initial assessment were alive and interviewed at follow up; 21 (15.7%) were diagnosed with dementia. Overall incidence rate for those aged ? 60 was 54.6/1000 person years (95% CI 34.1-82.3). The highest incidence rate (97.8/1000 person years) was in the age group 70-74. Standardised incidence ratio for those aged ? 65 was 4.98 (95% CI 1.62-11.67). Incidence of dementia in older people with intellectual disabilities are up to five times higher than older adults in the general population. Screening may be useful in this population given the high incident rates, particularly as more effective treatments become available. Studies to explore the underlying aetiological factors for dementia associated with intellectual disability could help to identify novel protective and risk factors. PMID:23578903

Strydom, Andre; Chan, Trevor; King, Michael; Hassiotis, Angela; Livingston, Gill

2013-04-09

9

Brief Report: A Growth Mixture Model of Occupational Aspirations of Individuals with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A previous longitudinal study of the occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities revealed multiple longitudinal patterns for individuals with learning disabilities or emotional-behavioral disorders. Growth mixture modeling was used to determine whether individuals in these two high-incidence disabilities groups (N =…

Lee, In Heok; Rojewski, Jay W.

2013-01-01

10

Disability and cross-border mobility: comparing resettlement experiences of Cambodian and Somali refugees with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores disabled people’s access to cross-border mobility within the context of refugee resettlement. The research presented in this paper stems from an ethnographic study involving in-depth interviews, focus groups and participant observations with 15 disabled Somali and Cambodian refugees resettled in the United States. The study combined ethnographic data with information obtained from key experts and interpretive analysis

Mansha Mirza

2011-01-01

11

The Prevalence and Incidence of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence, and incidence, of mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities and autism were compared with\\u000a the whole population with intellectual disabilities, and with controls, matched individually for age, gender, ability-level,\\u000a and Down syndrome. Although the adults with autism had a higher point prevalence of problem behaviours compared with the whole\\u000a adult population with intellectual disabilities, compared with individually

Craig A. Melville; Sally-Ann Cooper; Jill Morrison; Elita Smiley; Linda Allan; Alison Jackson; Janet Finlayson; Dipali Mantry

2008-01-01

12

Prospective Analyses of Childhood Factors and Antisocial Behavior for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This prospective longitudinal study investigated the association between childhood factors (individual, family, and school characteristics) and later antisocial behavior (official juvenile delinquency and adult crime) for students identified with high-incidence disabilities (i.e., learning disabilities, emotional disturbance). The sample…

Chen, Chin-Chih; Symons, Frank J.; Reynolds, Arthur J.

2011-01-01

13

Factors Related to Hysterectomy in Women with Physical and Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to identify self-report data for hysterectomy prevalence and to explore its correlated factors among women with physical and mobility disabilities in Taiwan. This paper was part of a larger study, "Survey on Preventive Health Utilizations of People with Physical and Mobility Disability in Taiwan," which is a cross-sectional survey…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsieh, Molly; Chen, Si-Fan; Wu, Chia-Ling; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Jin-Ding

2012-01-01

14

Factors Related to Hysterectomy in Women with Physical and Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aims to identify self-report data for hysterectomy prevalence and to explore its correlated factors among women with physical and mobility disabilities in Taiwan. This paper was part of a larger study, "Survey on Preventive Health Utilizations of People with Physical and Mobility Disability in Taiwan," which is a cross-sectional survey…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsieh, Molly; Chen, Si-Fan; Wu, Chia-Ling; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Lin, Jin-Ding

2012-01-01

15

The Experiences of Students with Mobility Disabilities in Cypriot Higher Education Institutions: Listening to Their Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the experiences of students with mobility disabilities in Cypriot higher education institutions. In order to obtain relevant information, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 Cypriot students with different forms of mobility disabilities, who attended different Cypriot higher education institutions and a…

Hadjikakou, Kika; Polycarpou, Vaso; Hadjilia, Anna

2010-01-01

16

Academic engaged time of students with low-incidence disabilities in general education classes.  

PubMed

Academic engaged time of 6 students with low-incidence disabilities enrolled in a general elementary classrooms for reading or math and at least one other subject was compared to that of 6 students without disabilities from the same classes and 6 students without disabilities from different classes that were not inclusive. Three dependent measures used were frequency of observation intervals that students were engaged in academic responding, task management, and competing behaviors. Results showed no significant differences in academic responding and task management behaviors of students with and without disabilities enrolled in general education classes, significant differences between these groups on frequency of competing behaviors, no significant differences between students without disabilities on academic responding and task management, and significant differences between students without disabilities on frequency of competing behaviors. PMID:9046783

McDonnell, J; Thorson, N; McQuivey, C; Kiefer-O'Donnell, R

1997-02-01

17

Brief report: a growth mixture model of occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities.  

PubMed

A previous longitudinal study of the occupational aspirations of individuals with high-incidence disabilities revealed multiple longitudinal patterns for individuals with learning disabilities or emotional-behavioral disorders. Growth mixture modeling was used to determine whether individuals in these two high-incidence disabilities groups (N = 585) possessed heterogeneous aspirations trajectories. Two distinct classes emerged. Among selected covariates (inc., gender, SES, locus of control, self-concept, mathematics achievement), only gender and SES significantly distinguished group membership. While no covariates were significantly related to the growth factors for latent class 2 (low aspirations), math achievement and SES were significantly related to initial aspirations in latent class 1 (high aspirations). Moreover, for latent class 1, the occupational aspirations of individuals with learning disabilities became increasingly lower than adolescents with emotional-behavior disorders after high school. Possible explanations for this phenomenon are considered. PMID:23219251

Lee, In Heok; Rojewski, Jay W

2012-12-05

18

Comparison of mobile phone user interface design preferences: perspectives from nationality and disability culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study explores cross-cultural differences and similarities of user preferences of mobile phone features. Product interactive focus groups were conducted in India and in the United States; groups included users without any apparent disabilities and users with a visual disability of legal blindness. The analysis of the focus group sessions and post-task usability questionnaires provided an insight to the

Ira Jhangiani; Tonya L. Smith-jackson

2007-01-01

19

The Prevalence and Severity of Physical Mobility Limitations in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The population of older adults with intellectual disabilities is growing, creating new challenges for individuals, families and service providers. Although there has been increased research into the ageing process for adults with intellectual disabilities, there is little focused research investigating physical mobility. Materials and…

Cleaver, Shaun; Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Hunter, Duncan

2009-01-01

20

Assistive Technology and Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: Understanding the Relationship through the NLTS2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assistive technology use in secondary school and postschool has been shown to improve the educational attainment and life outcomes of students with high-incidence disabilities. This study used data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2--collected in the early to mid-2000s--to explore the relationship between receipt of assistive…

Bouck, Emily C.; Maeda, Yukiko; Flanagan, Sara M.

2012-01-01

21

Assistive Technology and Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: Understanding the Relationship through the NLTS2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assistive technology use in secondary school and postschool has been shown to improve the educational attainment and life outcomes of students with high-incidence disabilities. This study used data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2--collected in the early to mid-2000s--to explore the relationship between receipt of assistive…

Bouck, Emily C.; Maeda, Yukiko; Flanagan, Sara M.

2012-01-01

22

Children Born to Women with Intellectual Disabilities--5-Year Incidence in a Swedish County  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Families with parental intellectual disabilities (ID) are likely to need support in achieving a decent family life. In order to accurately plan for such support services, society needs data regarding the occurrence of those parents and their children. The aim of this study was to investigate the 5-year incidence of children born to…

Weiber, I.; Berglund, J.; Tengland, P.-A.; Eklund, M.

2011-01-01

23

Physical Activity Among Persons Aging with Mobility Disabilities: Shaping a Research Agenda  

PubMed Central

With the aging of the baby boomer population and their accompanying burden of disease, future disability rates are expected to increase. This paper summarizes the state of the evidence regarding physical activity and aging for individuals with mobility disability and proposes a healthy aging research agenda for this population. Using a previously published framework, we present evidence in order to compile research recommendations in four areas focusing on older adults with mobility disability: (1) prevalence of physical activity, (2) health benefits of physical activity, (3) correlates of physical activity participation, and, (4) promising physical activity intervention strategies. Overall, findings show a dearth of research examining physical activity health benefits, correlates (demographic, psychological, social, and built environment), and interventions among persons aging with mobility disability. Further research is warranted.

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Bombardier, Charles H.; Hoffman, Jeanne M.; Belza, Basia

2011-01-01

24

Smoking and alcohol consumption patterns among elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Mobility disability is a major adverse health outcome associated with aging and an impediment to older adults' well-being and behaviors in social and leisure activities. It has been shown that lifestyle factors, including smoking and alcohol consumption, have been used as coping strategies to deal with the negative impact of disability. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of smoking and alcohol consumption among older Canadians with different levels of mobility disabilities and to examine factors associated with these two lifestyle patterns among those with disabilities. METHODS: Secondary data analysis was performed using individuals (n = 6,038) aged 65 years and older from both the 2001 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey and the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions examined the relationship between disability severity and smoking as well as alcohol consumption while controlling for potential confounding socioeconomic factors. RESULTS: The proportion of current smokers among seniors with less-severe and more-severe mobility disabilities and those in the general population was comparable with 12.55%, 11.57% and 11.93%, respectively. Forty-eight percent of seniors in the general population consumed alcohol regularly, compared to only 12.85% with more-severe mobility disabilities. No significant association was shown between the severity level of mobility disabilities and smoking (odds ratio = 0.90, 95% confidence interval: 0.75, 1.08). However, seniors having more-severe disability were less likely to consume alcohol regularly (odds ratio = 0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.65, 0.89). Other variables including age, gender, income, living status, and social participation also impacted these lifestyle patterns among the study population. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking and alcohol patterns present different associations with the severity level of mobility disabilities. Compared with the general population, elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities had similar smoking prevalence but differ significantly in terms of alcohol consumption. Results from this research will be relevant to decision makers involved in program planning, health education, and policy development as it pertains to the prevention and management of age-related disability. PMID:23731926

Liu, Fang; Woodrow, Jennifer; Loucks-Atkinson, Angela; Buehler, Sharon; West, Roy; Wang, Peizhong Peter

2013-06-01

25

Smoking and alcohol consumption patterns among elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities  

PubMed Central

Background Mobility disability is a major adverse health outcome associated with aging and an impediment to older adults’ well-being and behaviors in social and leisure activities. It has been shown that lifestyle factors, including smoking and alcohol consumption, have been used as coping strategies to deal with the negative impact of disability. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of smoking and alcohol consumption among older Canadians with different levels of mobility disabilities and to examine factors associated with these two lifestyle patterns among those with disabilities. Methods Secondary data analysis was performed using individuals (n?=?6,038) aged 65 years and older from both the 2001 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey and the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions examined the relationship between disability severity and smoking as well as alcohol consumption while controlling for potential confounding socioeconomic factors. Results The proportion of current smokers among seniors with less-severe and more-severe mobility disabilities and those in the general population was comparable with 12.55%, 11.57% and 11.93%, respectively. Forty-eight percent of seniors in the general population consumed alcohol regularly, compared to only 12.85% with more-severe mobility disabilities. No significant association was shown between the severity level of mobility disabilities and smoking (odds ratio?=?0.90, 95% confidence interval: 0.75, 1.08). However, seniors having more-severe disability were less likely to consume alcohol regularly (odds ratio?=?0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.65, 0.89). Other variables including age, gender, income, living status, and social participation also impacted these lifestyle patterns among the study population. Conclusions Smoking and alcohol patterns present different associations with the severity level of mobility disabilities. Compared with the general population, elderly Canadians with mobility disabilities had similar smoking prevalence but differ significantly in terms of alcohol consumption. Results from this research will be relevant to decision makers involved in program planning, health education, and policy development as it pertains to the prevention and management of age-related disability.

2013-01-01

26

Robotic Communication Terminals as a Mobility Support System for Elderly and Disabled People(2)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have been developing Robotic Communication Terminals (RCT) as a mobility support system for the elderly and disabled people, which assists for their impaired elements of mobility— recognition, actuation, and information access. The RCT consist of three types of terminals: “environment-embedded terminal”“user-carried mobile terminal”, and “user-carrying mobile terminal”. These terminals communicate with one another to provide the users with a comfortable means of mobility. In this paper, we introduce the overview of our research. The recent progress is also presented as well as the future plan.

Yairi, Ikuko Eguchi; Igi, Seiji

27

Accessibility of Health Clubs for People with Mobility Disabilities and Visual Impairments  

PubMed Central

Objective. We sought to examine the accessibility of health clubs to persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments. Methods. We assessed 35 health clubs and fitness facilities as part of a national field trial of a new instrument, Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE), designed to assess accessibility of fitness facilities in the following domains: (1) built environment, (2) equipment, (3) swimming pools, (4) information, (5) facility policies, and (6) professional behavior. Results. All facilities had a low to moderate level of accessibility. Some of the deficiencies concerned specific Americans with Disabilities Act guidelines pertaining to the built environment, whereas other deficiency areas were related to aspects of the facilities’ equipment, information, policies, and professional staff. Conclusions. Persons with mobility disabilities and visual impairments have difficulty accessing various areas of fitness facilities and health clubs. AIMFREE is an important tool for increasing awareness of these accessibility barriers for people with disabilities.

Rimmer, James H.; Riley, Barth; Wang, Edward; Rauworth, Amy

2005-01-01

28

Health-risk behaviors and protective factors among adolescents with mobility impairments and learning and emotional disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To identify the risk involvement of three groups of young people with disabilities relative to a comparison group: mobility impairments, learning disabilities, and emotional disabilities. Protective factors are explored to identify which individual, family, and school factors are associated with diminished risk.Methods: Analyses are based on the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a nationally representative sample

Robert W Blum; Anne Kelly; Marjorie Ireland

2001-01-01

29

Online Reading Comprehension among Seventh Grade Students with High Incidence Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because research exploring how students with disabilities read and comprehend on the Internet is scarce, a mixed methods study was implemented to determine if Internet Reciprocal Teaching (IRT) is an effective intervention for improving online reading comprehension among seventh grade students with high-incidence disabilities in inclusive…

Robbins, Katherine R.

2010-01-01

30

Online Reading Comprehension among Seventh Grade Students with High Incidence Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because research exploring how students with disabilities read and comprehend on the Internet is scarce, a mixed methods study was implemented to determine if Internet Reciprocal Teaching (IRT) is an effective intervention for improving online reading comprehension among seventh grade students with high-incidence disabilities in inclusive…

Robbins, Katherine R.

2010-01-01

31

Fix It With TAPE: Repurposing Technology to Be Assistive Technology for Students With High-Incidence Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses how practitioners can repurpose technology—common and socially desirable technology in particular—to be assistive technology for students with high-incidence disabilities. The authors provide a framework for practitioners to consider technology for repurposing: TAPE (Transportable, Available, Practical, Engaging) and offers practitioners 6 examples of such technology that can serve as assistive technology for students with high-incidence disabilities who struggle

Emily C. Bouck; Jordan C. Shurr; Kinsey Tom; Andrea D. Jasper; Laura Bassette; Bridget Miller; Sara M. Flanagan

2012-01-01

32

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

33

Outdoor Built Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Activity among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To gain better understanding of how the built environment impacts neighborhood-based physical activity among midlife and older adults with mobility disabilities. Design and methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 adults over age 50, which used an assistive device and lived in King County, Washington, U.S. In addition,…

Rosenberg, Dori E.; Huang, Deborah L.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2013-01-01

34

Mental mobilization processes in critical incident stress situations.  

PubMed

In this article, the psychological emergency mobilization process that takes place in threat situations is postulated. Mental mobilization is the increased mental capability of the mind in critical situations to process incoming and stored information to enable adaptive survival responses. The processes that are mobilized in the service of survival are enhanced sensory awareness, focused attention, rapid processing of incoming data, and use of previous experience, enhanced memory, altered time perception, and temporary deactivation of emotional reactions. From a clinical standpoint, it is important that the survival value of these processes is understood, as survivors can be helped to feel a sense of accomplishment and empowerment when they are taken through a critical situation in a detailed way and discover that they have been able to function well and survive by use of their stored "experience," rapid processing of information or other aspects of their mental mobilization. PMID:11232176

Dyregrov, A; Solomon, R; Bassøe, C F

2000-01-01

35

Incidence, prevalence, and hybrid approaches to calculating disability-adjusted life years  

PubMed Central

When disability-adjusted life years are used to measure the burden of disease on a population in a time interval, they can be calculated in several different ways: from an incidence, pure prevalence, or hybrid perspective. I show that these calculation methods are not equivalent and discuss some of the formal difficulties each method faces. I show that if we don’t discount the value of future health, there is a sense in which the choice of calculation method is a mere question of accounting. Such questions can be important, but they don’t raise deep theoretical concerns. If we do discount, however, choice of calculation method can change the relative burden attributed to different conditions over time. I conclude by recommending that studies involving disability-adjusted life years be explicit in noting what calculation method is being employed and in explaining why that calculation method has been chosen.

2012-01-01

36

Mobility Stress Test Approach to Predicting Frailty, Disability, and Mortality In High Functioning Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Background A major challenge to developing primary preventive interventions for frailty and disability in older adults is lack of validated simple clinical tools to identify high-risk individuals without overt signs of poor health. Objectives To examine the validity of the Walking While Talking test (WWT), a mobility stress test, to predict frailty, disability and death in high functioning older adults. Design prospective cohort study. Setting Community sample. Participants 631 community-residing adults age 70 and older participating in the Einstein Aging Study (mean follow-up 32 months). High functioning status at baseline was defined as absence of disability, dementia, and normal walking speeds. Main outcome measures Hazard ratios for frailty, disability, and all-cause mortality. Frailty was defined as presence of three out of the following five attributes: weight loss, weakness, exhaustion, low physical activity and slow gait. We also compared predictive validity of WWT with Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) for study outcomes. Results 218 subjects developed frailty, 88 disability, and 49 died. Each 10 cm/s decrease in WWT speed was associated with increased risk of frailty (Hazard ratio 1.12, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.18), disability (Hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.03 ?1.23), and mortality (Hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.01 – 1.27). Most associations remained robust even after accounting for potential confounders and gait speed. Comparisons of HR and model fit suggest that WWT may better predict frailty whereas SPPB may better predict disability. Conclusion Mobility stress tests such as the WWT are robust predictors of risk of frailty, disability, and mortality in high functioning older adults.

Verghese, Joe; Holtzer, Roee; Lipton, Richard B.; Wang, Cuiling

2012-01-01

37

Food Access Patterns and Barriers among Midlife and Older Adults with Mobility Disabilities  

PubMed Central

We examined where midlife and older adults with a mobility disability accessed food outside the home in King County, Washington, USA, how they travelled to these food destinations, and facilitators and barriers to food access using qualitative interviews. Thirty-five adults aged ?50 years with a mobility disability (defined as use of an assistive device for mobility) were interviewed. Supplemental objective information was obtained from a Global Positioning System device worn by participants for 3 days. Participants primarily accessed food at grocery stores, restaurants, and coffee shops/cafés. The most common transportation modes were walking, obtaining a ride from friends, motorized chair/scooter, and public transit. Location and proximity of food destinations were factors affecting participants' ability to access these destinations. Adequate space, ease of entry, available amenities such as restrooms, and helpful people were facilitators for participants to access food outside the home.

Huang, Deborah L.; Rosenberg, Dori E.; Simonovich, Shannon D.; Belza, Basia

2012-01-01

38

Neuroprostheses for increasing disabled patients' mobility and control.  

PubMed

Neuroprostheses are electronic devices using electrophysiological signals to stimulate muscles, electronic/ mechanical devices such as substitutes for limbs or parts of limbs, or computers. The development of neuroprostheses was possible thanks to advances in understanding of the physiology of the human brain and in the capabilities of hardware and software. Recent progress in the area of neuroprosthetics may offer important breakthroughs in therapy and rehabilitation. New dedicated solutions for disabled people can lead to their increased participation in social, educational and professional areas. It is worth focussing particular attention on new solutions for people with paralysis, people with communication disorders and amputees. This article aims at investigating the extent to which the available opportunities are being exploited, including current and potential future applications of brain-computer interfaces. PMID:23214292

Miko?ajewska, Emilia; Miko?ajewski, Dariusz

39

Green tea consumption and the risk of incident functional disability in elderly Japanese: the Ohsaki Cohort 2006 Study123  

PubMed Central

Background: Previous studies have reported that green tea consumption is associated with a lower risk of diseases that cause functional disability, such as stroke, cognitive impairment, and osteoporosis. Although it is expected that green tea consumption would lower the risk of incident functional disability, this has never been investigated directly. Objective: The objective was to determine the association between green tea consumption and incident functional disability in elderly individuals. Design: We conducted a prospective cohort study in 13,988 Japanese individuals aged ?65 y. Information on daily green tea consumption and other lifestyle factors was collected via questionnaire in 2006. Data on functional disability were retrieved from the public Long-term Care Insurance database, in which subjects were followed up for 3 y. We used Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to investigate the association between green tea consumption and functional disability. Results: The 3-y incidence of functional disability was 9.4% (1316 cases). The multiple-adjusted HR (95% CI) of incident functional disability was 0.90 (0.77, 1.06) among respondents who consumed 1–2 cups green tea/d, 0.75 (0.64, 0.88) for those who consumed 3–4 cups/d, and 0.67 (0.57, 0.79) for those who consumed ?5 cups/d in comparison with those who consumed <1 cup/d (P-trend < 0.001). Conclusion: Green tea consumption is significantly associated with a lower risk of incident functional disability, even after adjustment for possible confounding factors.

Kakizaki, Masako; Nakaya, Naoki; Tsuboya, Toru; Sone, Toshimasa; Kuriyama, Shinichi; Hozawa, Atsushi; Tsuji, Ichiro

2012-01-01

40

Secondary Disabilities among American Indians in Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of incidence of secondary disabilities, completed by 75 disabled Native American adults on 3 Montana reservations, indicated fair to poor ratings for overall health and independence, high incidence/severity for problems of mobility and access, and problems with behavioral components, such as pain, fatigue, and depression. (SV)

Clay, Julie Anna; And Others

1992-01-01

41

Making mobility-related disability better: a complex response to a complex problem.  

PubMed

Mobility disability in older adults can arise from single system problems, such as discrete musculoskeletal injury. In frail older adults, however, mobility disability is part of a complex web of problems. The approach to their rehabilitation must take that complexity into account, as is reported by Fairhall et al. First, their overall health state must be assessed, which is achieved by a comprehensive geriatric assessment. The assessment can show how a particular patient came to be disabled, so that an individualized care plan can be worked out. Whether this approach works in general can be evaluated by looking at group differences in mean mobility test scores. Knowing whether it has worked in the individual patient requires an individualized measure. This is because not every patient starts from the same point, and not every patient achieves success by aiming for the same goal. For one patient, walking unassisted for three metres would be a triumph; for another it would be a tragedy. Unless we understand the complexity of the needs of frail older adults, we will neither be able to treat them effectively nor evaluate our efforts sensibly.Please see related article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/10/120. PMID:23067377

Rockwood, Kenneth

2012-10-15

42

Racial variation in the relationship of anemia with mortality and mobility disability among older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anemia is more common among older blacks than older whites. However, it is unclear whether anemia predicts adverse events similarly in both races. Data on 1018 black and 1583 white adults aged 71 to 82 years were analyzed. Anemia, as defined by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, was used to predict mortal- ity over 6 years and incidence of mobility

Kushang V. Patel; Tamara B. Harris; Marion Faulhaber; Sara B. Angleman; Stephanie Connelly; Douglas C. Bauer; Lewis H. Kuller; Anne B. Newman; Jack M. Guralnik; J.-Y. Zhang; Z. Zhang; X. Wang; J.-L. Fu; J. Yao; Y. Jiao; L. Chen; H. Zhang; J. Wei; L. Jin; M. Shi; G. F. Gao; H. Wu; F.-S. Wang; W. G. Wierda; S. O'Brien; S. Faderl; A. Ferrajoli; K.-A. Do; J. Cortes; D. Thomas; G. Garcia-Manero; C. Koller; M. Beran; F. Giles; F. Ravandi; S. Lerner; H. Kantarjian; M. Keating; R. Hehlmann; U. Berger; M. Pfirrmann; H. Heimpel; A. Hochhaus; J. Hasford; H.-J. Kolb; T. Lahaye; O. Maywald; A. Reiter; D. K. Hossfeld; C. Huber; H. Loffler; H. Pralle; W. Queisser; A. Tobler; C. Nerl; M. Solenthaler; M. E. Goebeler; M. Griesshammer; T. Fischer; S. Kremers; H. Eimermacher; M. Pfreundschuh; W.-D. Hirschmann; K. Lechner; B. Wassmann; C. Falge; H. H. Kirchner

2007-01-01

43

Lifestyle Factors and Incident Mobility Limitation in Obese and Non-obese Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study examines the association between incident mobility limitation and 4 lifestyle factors: smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, and diet in well-functioning obese (n = 667) and non-obese (n = 2027) older adults.Research Methods and Procedures: Data were from men and women, 70 to 79 years of age from Pittsburgh, PA and Memphis, TN, participating in the Health, Aging

Annemarie Koster; Brenda W. J. H. Penninx; Anne B. Newman; Marjolein Visser; Coen H. van Gool; Tamara B. Harris; Jacques Th. M. van Eijk; Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen; Jennifer S. Brach; Eleanor M. Simonsick; Denise K. Houston; Frances A. Tylavsky; Susan M. Rubin; Stephen B. Kritchevsky

2007-01-01

44

Fix It with TAPE: Repurposing Technology to Be Assistive Technology for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses how practitioners can repurpose technology--common and socially desirable technology in particular--to be assistive technology for students with high-incidence disabilities. The authors provide a framework for practitioners to consider technology for repurposing: TAPE (Transportable, Available, Practical, Engaging) and…

Bouck, Emily C.; Shurr, Jordan C.; Tom, Kinsey; Jasper, Andrea D.; Bassette, Laura; Miller, Bridget; Flanagan, Sara M.

2012-01-01

45

The effects of inquiry-based science on the social and communicative skills of students with low-incidence disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research utilized inquiry based science as a vehicle to implement and maintain social skills training for secondary students, ages 14 to 20, with low-incidence disabilities in a self-contained classroom. This three year action research study examined the effects of an inquiry based science curriculum on the level and quantity of social skills used by students with one or more

Heather Hopkins D'Angelo

2006-01-01

46

Incidence, Types and Characteristics of Aggressive Behaviour in Treatment Facilities for Adults with Mild Intellectual Disability and Severe Challenging Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Inpatient aggression in treatment facilities for persons with intellectual disability (ID) can have aversive consequences, for co-clients and staff, but also for the aggressors themselves. To manage and eventually prevent inpatient aggressive incidents, more knowledge about their types and characteristics is necessary. Method: In four…

Tenneij, N. H.; Koot, H. M.

2008-01-01

47

Fix It with TAPE: Repurposing Technology to Be Assistive Technology for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how practitioners can repurpose technology--common and socially desirable technology in particular--to be assistive technology for students with high-incidence disabilities. The authors provide a framework for practitioners to consider technology for repurposing: TAPE (Transportable, Available, Practical, Engaging) and…

Bouck, Emily C.; Shurr, Jordan C.; Tom, Kinsey; Jasper, Andrea D.; Bassette, Laura; Miller, Bridget; Flanagan, Sara M.

2012-01-01

48

Exploring Mobility Options for Children with Physical Disabilities: A Focus on Powered Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study by Tefft et al. (2011, in this issue) is one of the few studies that have explored the impact of pediatric powered mobility on families. The parents who participated in their study reported increased satisfaction with their children's social and play skills, ability to move independently, sleeping patterns, and public perception of…

Wiart, Lesley

2011-01-01

49

The effect of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization on pain and disability in cervical radiculopathy. A case report.  

PubMed

Cervical radiculopathy is the result of cervical nerve root pathology that may lead to chronic pain and disability. Although manual therapy interventions including cervical traction and neural mobilization have been advocated to decrease pain and disability caused by cervical radiculopathy, their analgesic effect has been questioned due to the low quality of research evidence. The purpose of this paper is to present the effect of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization on pain and disability in a patient experiencing cervical radiculopathy. A 52-year-old woman presented with a 2 month history of neurological cervico-brachial pain and whose presentation was consistent with cervical radiculopathy. Cervical traction and a slider neural mobilization of the medial nerve were applied simultaneously to reduce the patient's pain and disability measured at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks using the Numeric Pain Rating Scale, the Neck Disability Index and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale. Improvements in all outcome measures were noted over a period of four weeks. Scores in all outcome measures revealed that the patient's pain had almost disappeared and that she was able to perform her household chores and job tasks without difficulties and limitations. In conclusion, the findings of this study support that the application of cervical traction combined with neural mobilization can produce significant improvements in terms of pain and disability in cervical radiculopathy. PMID:22818658

Savva, Christos; Giakas, Giannis

2012-07-18

50

Poor mobilizer: a retrospective study on proven and predicted incidence according to GITMO criteria.  

PubMed

The Italian Group for Bone Marrow Transplantation (Gruppo Italiano Trapianto di Midollo Osseo, GITMO) recently formalized criteria for a shared definition of poor mobilizer in order to facilitate randomized clinical trials and study comparison focusing on the efficacy of current mobilizing regimens. The availability of a standardized tool for poor mobilizer definition suggested us to retrospectively test GITMO criteria feasibility and applicability. Therefore we analyzed medical and laboratory records of adult patients affected by myeloma (MM) or lymphoma undergoing mobilization for autologous peripheral blood HSC collection from January 2010 to June 2011, at Servizio di Emotrasfusione, Istituto di Ematologia, Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore, Roma, UOC SIMT AO S. Camillo Forlanini Roma and SIMT Fondazione Policlinico Tor Vergata Roma. We collected data about 227 patients (134 male, 93 female) affected by MM (31.3%) NHL (58.6%) e HD (10.1%). Thirty-nine patients, 21 male and 18 female met proven poor mobilizer criteria definition resulting in a incidence of 17.2% (12.7% in MM, 21.8% in NHL and 4.3% in HD). Eleven patients, seven affected by lymphoma and four affected by myeloma, were defined predicted PM according to major criteria. Eight patients, seven affected by lymphoma and one affected by myeloma, were define predicted PM according to minor criteria. Sixteen out of 39 patients defined as poor mobilizer either according to major or minor criteria underwent collection procedures and eight (20.5%) achieved a cell dose ?2×10(6)/kg CD34(+) cells. GITMO criteria application was easy and resulted in poor mobilizer incidence comparable to current literature. Definitions of proven poor mobilizer and predicted poor mobilizer according to major criteria were very effective while minor criteria were less predictive. These results came from a retrospective analysis and therefore should be validated in future prospective trial. On the other hand these data could be an early overall view of the foreseeable future of peripheral blood stem cell collection. In conclusion we believe that these criteria will be able to better characterize poor mobilizer phenomenon and, consequently, to identify patients taking advantage from new mobilizing agents. PMID:22784631

Piccirillo, Nicola; Vacca, Michele; Lanti, Alessandro; Ipsevich, Francesco; Maresca, Maddalena; Fiorelli, Elena; Bianchi, Maria; Adorno, Gaspare; Pierelli, Luca; Majolino, Ignazio; Leone, Giuseppe; Zini, Gina

2012-07-10

51

The Impact of Placement on Reading and Mathematics Achievement of Students with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The question of where best to educate students with disabilities to maximize their academic achievement has been discussed and researched for over four decades, with inconsistent and contradictory results. This study focused on the mathematics and reading achievement of middle and high school students with mild disabilities in an urban district…

Harrington, Jennifer Stell

2011-01-01

52

Mobilitet og Velferd Blant Bevegelseshemmede - Bilens Rolle. (Mobility and Welfare Among People with Physical Disabilities - the Role of the Car.)  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project reported here has studied the role of the car for mobility and welfare among people with physical disabilities and barriers for car use in this group. A questionnaire study shows that car drivers participate more often in out-of-home activitie...

L. Hansson S. Nordbakke

2009-01-01

53

Seroprevalence and Incidence of Toxoplasma gondii among Apparently Healthy and Visually or Hearing Disabled Children in Taiz City, Yemen  

PubMed Central

This cross sectional study was conducted in the city of Taiz, Yemen, during the period from August 2006 to August 2007 in order to investigate the seroprevalence and incidence of toxoplasmosis among apparently healthy children (AHC) and visually and/or hearing disabled children (DC). The seroprevalence was 16.0% among AHC compared to 32.5% among DC. The effect of gender was clear as the seroprevalence rate was significantly higher among females (18.3 and 43.8% for AHC and DC, respectively) than males (13.8 and 25% for AHC and DC, respectively). The seroprevalence was proportionally increased with the age, and the highest rates (20.9 and 53.0%) were reported among the oldest age group (> 10-14 years) for AHC and DC groups, respectively. The incidence rate was also higher (4.2%) in DC group compared to AHC group (2.4%) during 1 year period. These data indicate that the seroprevalence and incidence of toxoplasmosis are significantly higher in DC group than those of AHC group. We need to check further relationship between toxoplasmosis and visual and/or hearing disability.

Saleh, Madha Mohammed Sheet; Qaed, Abeer Ahmed

2010-01-01

54

Seroprevalence and incidence of Toxoplasma gondii among apparently healthy and visually or hearing disabled children in Taiz City, Yemen.  

PubMed

This cross sectional study was conducted in the city of Taiz, Yemen, during the period from August 2006 to August 2007 in order to investigate the seroprevalence and incidence of toxoplasmosis among apparently healthy children (AHC) and visually and/or hearing disabled children (DC). The seroprevalence was 16.0% among AHC compared to 32.5% among DC. The effect of gender was clear as the seroprevalence rate was significantly higher among females (18.3 and 43.8% for AHC and DC, respectively) than males (13.8 and 25% for AHC and DC, respectively). The seroprevalence was proportionally increased with the age, and the highest rates (20.9 and 53.0%) were reported among the oldest age group (> 10-14 years) for AHC and DC groups, respectively. The incidence rate was also higher (4.2%) in DC group compared to AHC group (2.4%) during 1 year period. These data indicate that the seroprevalence and incidence of toxoplasmosis are significantly higher in DC group than those of AHC group. We need to check further relationship between toxoplasmosis and visual and/or hearing disability. PMID:20333289

Saleh, Madha Mohammed Sheet; AL-Shamiri, Adam Hezam; Qaed, Abeer Ahmed

2010-03-18

55

Effect of a multifactorial interdisciplinary intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people: randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Interventions that enhance mobility in frail older people are needed to maintain health and independence, yet definitive evidence of effective interventions is lacking. Our objective was to assess the impact of a multifactorial intervention on mobility-related disability in frail older people. Methods We conducted a randomised, controlled trial with 241 frail community-dwelling older people in Sydney, Australia. Participants were classified as frail using the Cardiovascular Health Study definition, did not have severe cognitive impairment and were recently discharged from an aged care and rehabilitation service. The experimental group received a 12 month multifactorial, interdisciplinary intervention targeting identified frailty components. Two physiotherapists delivered a home exercise program targeting mobility, and coordinated management of psychological and medical conditions with other health professionals. The control group received usual care. Disability in the mobility domain was measured at baseline and at 3 and 12 months using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework. Participation (involvement in life situations) was assessed using the Life Space Assessment and the Goal Attainment Scale. Activity (execution of mobility tasks) was measured using the 4-metre walk and self-report measures. Results The mean age of participants was 83.3 years (SD: 5.9 years). Of the participants recruited, 216 (90%) were followed-up at 12 months. At this time point, the intervention group had significantly better scores than the control group on the Goal Attainment Scale (odds ratio 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3 to 3.3, P = 0.004) and Life Space Assessment (4.68 points, 95% CI 1.4 to 9.9, P = 0.005). There was no difference between groups on the global measure of participation or satisfaction with ability to get out of the house. At the activity level, the intervention group walked 0.05 m/s faster over 4 m (95% CI 0.0004 to 0.1, P = 0.048) than the control group, and scored higher on the Activity Measure for Post Acute Care (P < 0.001). Conclusions The intervention reduced mobility-related disability in frail older people. The benefit was evident at both the participation and activity levels of mobility-related disability. Trial registration Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register (ANZCTR): ANZCTRN12608000507381.

2012-01-01

56

Incidence of and Risk Factors for Falls among Adults with an Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Falls among people with intellectual disability (ID) occur at a younger age than the general population and are a significant cause of injury and hospitalisation. There is very limited research investigating risk factors for falls among people with ID and none with people living outside of formal care arrangements, either…

Cox, C. R.; Clemson, L.; Stancliffe, R. J.; Durvasula, S.; Sherrington, C.

2010-01-01

57

Research on Computer-Mediated Instruction for Students with High Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this literature review, the effects of computer-mediated instruction on the learning of students with mild and moderate disabilities are synthesized from 1996 onward that extends our previously published synthesis for the period 1987-1995. Empirically based findings are reviewed and discussed in the basic skills areas of reading, writing, and…

Fitzgerald, Gail; Koury, Kevin; Mitchem, Katherine

2008-01-01

58

Use of accelerometry to measure physical activity in older adults at risk for mobility disability  

PubMed Central

We explored using the ActiGraph accelerometer to differentiate activity levels between participants in a physical activity (PA, n=54) or `successful aging' (SA) program (n = 52). The relationship between a PA questionnaire for older adults (CHAMPS) and accelerometry variables was also determined. Individualized accelerometry count thresholds (THRESHIND) measured during a 400-m walk were used to identify “meaningful activity.” Participants then wore the ActiGraph for 7 days. Results indicated more activity bouts·d?1 ? 10 min above THRESHIND in the PA group compared to SA group (1.1 ± 2.0 vs 0.5 ± 0.8, p = 0.05) and more activity counts·d?1 above THRESHIND for the PA group (28,101 ± 27,521) compared to the SA group (17,234 ± 15,620, p = 0.02). Correlations between activity counts·hr?1 and CHAMPS ranged from 0.27 – 0.42, p<0.01. The ActiGraph and THRESHIND may be useful for differentiating PA levels in older adults at risk for mobility disability.

Pruitt, Leslie A.; Glynn, Nancy W.; King, Abby C.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Aiken, Erin K.; Miller, Gary; Haskell, William L.

2010-01-01

59

Lenograstim reduces the incidence of febrile episodes, when compared with filgrastim, in multiple myeloma patients undergoing stem cell mobilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to show a lower incidence of febrile episodes in multiple myeloma patients receiving lenograstim vs. filgrastim after high-dose cyclophosphamide for stem cell mobilization.Patients treated with cyclophosphamide were randomly assigned to receive filgrastim or lenograstim. Primary endpoint was the incidence of febrile episodes.5.1% patients developed a febrile episode, 9.1% with filgrastim and 1.1% with lenograstim.

Enrico Orciuolo; Gabriele Buda; Emerenziana Marturano; Elisa Mauro; Giuseppe Milone; Clotilde Cangialosi; Nicola Di Renzo; Domenico Pastore; Giorgina Specchia; Maria Rosaria De Paolis; Patrizio Mazza; Giuseppe Pietrantuono; Mario Petrini

2011-01-01

60

Muscle Strength and BMI as Predictors of Major Mobility Disability in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P)  

PubMed Central

Background. Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. Methods. This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial in which sedentary functionally limited participants (70–89 years, Short Physical Performance Battery ? 9) who were able to complete a 400-m walk test at baseline were randomized to a physical activity or health education intervention and reassessed for major mobility disability every 6 months for up to 18 months. We evaluated whether baseline grip strength and BMI predicted failure to complete the 400-m walk test in 15 minutes or less (major mobility disability). Results. Among N = 406 participants with baseline measures, lower grip strength was associated with an increased risk for developing major mobility disability, with and without covariate adjustment (p < .01): The hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for the lowest versus high sex-specific quartile of grip strength was 6.11 (2.24–16.66). We observed a U-shaped relationship between baseline BMI and the risk of developing major mobility disability, such that the risk for participants with a BMI of 25–29 kg/m2 was approximately half that of participants with BMI less than 25 or 30 kg/m2 or more (p = .04 in fully adjusted analyses). Conclusions. Our data highlight the importance of muscle weakness, low BMI, and obesity as risk factors for major mobility disability in older adults. Being overweight may be protective for major mobility disability.

Rejeski, W. Jack; Espeland, Mark A.; Miller, Michael E.; Church, Timothy S.; Fielding, Roger A.; Gill, Thomas M.; Guralnik, Jack M.; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2011-01-01

61

Muscle strength and BMI as predictors of major mobility disability in the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot (LIFE-P)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Muscle weakness and obesity are two significant threats to mobility facing the increasing number of older adults. To date, there are no studies that have examined the association of strength and body mass index (BMI) on event rates on a widely used performance measure of major mobility disability. T...

62

Muscle Mass, Muscle Strength, and Muscle Fat Infiltration as Predictors of Incident Mobility Limitations in Well-Functioning Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Lower muscle mass has been correlated with poor physical function; however, no studies have examined this relationship prospectively. This study aims to investigate whether low muscle mass, low muscle strength, and greater fat infiltration into the muscle predict incident mobility limitation. Methods. Our study cohort included 3075 well-functioning black and white men and women aged 70-79 years participating in

Marjolein Visser; Bret H. Goodpaster; Stephen B. Kritchevsky; Anne B. Newman; Michael Nevitt; Susan M. Rubin; Eleanor M. Simonsick; Tamara B. Harris

2005-01-01

63

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment. Implementing…

O'Mea, Melanie L.

2013-01-01

64

PAIN, TRUNK MUSCLE STRENGTH, SPINE MOBILITY AND DISABILITY FOLLOWING LUMBAR DISC SURGERY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To study associations between pain, trunk muscle strength, flexibility and disability in patients with lumbar disc herniation 2 months after surgery. Design: Clinical cross-sectional survey. Participants: 172 operated lumbar disc herniation patients. Methods: Back and leg pain on Visual Analogue Scale, Oswestry Disability Index and Brief Depression Scale were applied to assess the subjectively perceived outcome. Isometric and dynamic

Arja Häkkinen; Jari Ylinen; Hannu Kautiainen; Olavi Airaksinen; Arto Herno; Ulla Tarvainen; Ilkka Kiviranta

2003-01-01

65

Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment.…

O'Mea, Melanie L.

2013-01-01

66

The Causal Attributions of Teaching Staff towards Children with Intellectual Disabilities: A Comparison of "Vignettes" Depicting Challenging Behaviour with "Real" Incidents of Challenging Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: We examined whether staff attributions, emotions and helping behaviours in reaction to "real" incidents of challenging behaviour (CB) exhibited by children with intellectual disabilities were different from reactions to "vignettes". We also examined whether these reactions are congruent with that predicted by attribution theory.…

Lucas, Victoria L.; Collins, Suzanne; Langdon, Peter E.

2009-01-01

67

The Principal's Role in Creating a School Culture That Fosters Achievement of Students with High Incidence Disabilities: A Study of One School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the principal in shaping a school culture that fostered academic achievement of students with high incidence disabilities. Research was conducted by means of a qualitative case study approach with data courses of informant interviews, parent focus group, observations of the daily workings of…

Haines, Shelby B.

2009-01-01

68

Childhood brain tumours and use of mobile phones: comparison of a case-control study with incidence data  

PubMed Central

The first case–control study on mobile phone use and brain tumour risk among children and adolescents (CEFALO study) has recently been published. In a commentary published in Environmental Health, Söderqvist and colleagues argued that CEFALO suggests an increased brain tumour risk in relation to wireless phone use. In this article, we respond and show why consistency checks of case–control study results with observed time trends of incidence rates are essential, given the well described limitations of case–control studies and the steep increase of mobile phone use among children and adolescents during the last decade. There is no plausible explanation of how a notably increased risk from use of wireless phones would correspond to the relatively stable incidence time trends for brain tumours among children and adolescents observed in the Nordic countries. Nevertheless, an increased risk restricted to heavy mobile phone use, to very early life exposure, or to rare subtypes of brain tumours may be compatible with stable incidence trends at this time and thus further monitoring of childhood brain tumour incidence rate time trends is warranted.

2012-01-01

69

Mobile phone use and glioma risk: comparison of epidemiological study results with incidence trends in the United States  

PubMed Central

Objective In view of mobile phone exposure being classified as a possible human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), we determined the compatibility of two recent reports of glioma risk (forming the basis of the IARC’s classification) with observed incidence trends in the United States. Design Comparison of observed rates with projected rates of glioma incidence for 1997-2008. We estimated projected rates by combining relative risks reported in the 2010 Interphone study and a 2011 Swedish study by Hardell and colleagues with rates adjusted for age, registry, and sex; data for mobile phone use; and various latency periods. Setting US population based data for glioma incidence in 1992-2008, from 12 registries in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) programme (Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Jose-Monterey, Seattle, rural Georgia, Connecticut, Hawaii, Iowa, New Mexico, and Utah). Participants Data for 24?813 non-Hispanic white people diagnosed with glioma at age 18 years or older. Results Age specific incidence rates of glioma remained generally constant in 1992-2008 (?0.02% change per year, 95% confidence interval ?0.28% to 0.25%), a period coinciding with a substantial increase in mobile phone use from close to 0% to almost 100% of the US population. If phone use was associated with glioma risk, we expected glioma incidence rates to be higher than those observed, even with a latency period of 10 years and low relative risks (1.5). Based on relative risks of glioma by tumour latency and cumulative hours of phone use in the Swedish study, predicted rates should have been at least 40% higher than observed rates in 2008. However, predicted glioma rates based on the small proportion of highly exposed people in the Interphone study could be consistent with the observed data. Results remained valid if we used either non-regular users or low users of mobile phones as the baseline category, and if we constrained relative risks to be more than 1. Conclusions Raised risks of glioma with mobile phone use, as reported by one (Swedish) study forming the basis of the IARC’s re-evaluation of mobile phone exposure, are not consistent with observed incidence trends in US population data, although the US data could be consistent with the modest excess risks in the Interphone study.

2012-01-01

70

CORPS: Event-driven mobility model for first responders in incident scene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility patterns of first responders (FRs) have distinct properties from other well-studied networks, such as vehicular and campus networks. FRs are mission-oriented. They are organized, cooperative and responsive to emergency situations. In this paper, we propose a novel mobility model, CORPS, which captures both environmental and operational determinants for FR's movement. CORPS is an event-driven mobility model with event-oriented characterization.

Ying Huang; Wenbo He; Klara Nahrstedt; Whay C. Lee

2008-01-01

71

Follow that Bear! Encouraging Mobility in a Young Child with Visual Impairment and Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article shows that unexpected gains can happen when teachers develop aggressive, innovative, and adaptive orientation and mobility (O&M) programming for children who are low-functioning. A case study illustrates strategies for using an adaptive mobility device, squaring-up, stepping out, and charting progress. Challenges to a successful O&M…

Tolla, Joan

2000-01-01

72

Mobile Architectures and Prototypes to Assist Persons with Cognitive Disabilities using Public Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public transportation systems are among the most ubiquitous and complex large-scale systems found in modern society. For those unable to drive, such as persons with cognitive disabilities or the elderly, these systems are essential gateways for participation in community activities, socialization, and independence. To understand the problems faced by public transportation users, our research team has (1) focused on systemic

James F. Sullivan; Gerhard Fischer

2003-01-01

73

A Transdisciplinary Training Program for Providing Seating Positioning and Mobility Intervention to Children with Developmental Disabilities Who Are 0-3 Years of Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Oklahoma Assistive Technology Center was developed as an interagency collaborative effort, with one of its services being the delivery of positioning and mobility services to young children with developmental disabilities. The Center operates as an outpatient clinic and coordinates outreach services through two satellite centers in rural…

Sylvester, Lorrie; Shelden, M'Lisa

74

A Transdisciplinary Training Program for Providing Seating Positioning and Mobility Intervention to Children with Developmental Disabilities Who Are 0-3 Years of Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma Assistive Technology Center was developed as an interagency collaborative effort, with one of its services being the delivery of positioning and mobility services to young children with developmental disabilities. The Center operates as an outpatient clinic and coordinates outreach services through two satellite centers in rural…

Sylvester, Lorrie; Shelden, M'Lisa

75

European study of research and development in mobility technology for persons with disabilities  

PubMed Central

In the fall of 2010, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Veteran's Administration jointly supported a review of mobility technology in Europe. A delegation of American Scientists traveled to Europe to visit a number of research centers and engaged in a demonstration and dialogue related to the global state-of-the-art for mobility impairment rectification and augmentation. From the observations and exchanges between the U.S. delegation and host institutions, the researchers were able to derive a series of papers which are now published in this thematic series of Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. The papers describe the main themes of the European mobility technology research activities showing a healthy picture of research and innovation in the field.

2012-01-01

76

Mobile Social Network Services for Families With Children With Developmental Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Internet technologies evolve, their applications have changed various aspects of human life. Here, we attempt to examine their potential impact on services for families with de- velopmentally delayed children. Our research is thus designed to utilize wireless mobile communication technologies, location ser- vices, and search technology in an effort to match families of spe- cific needs with potential care

Li-Der Chou; Nien-Hwa Lai; Yen-Wen Chen; Yao-Jen Chang; Jyun-Yan Yang; Lien-Fu Huang; Wen-Ling Chiang; Hung-Yi Chiu; Haw-Yun Shin

2011-01-01

77

Easing the Mobility of Disabled People in Supermarkets Using a Distributed Solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a People’s impairments cause a wide range of difficulties in everyday tasks. Particularly, handicapped people face many challenges\\u000a both at home, but especially outside it, where their reduced mobility is a burden. Buying in a supermarket can be sometimes\\u000a troublesome for them and so as to facilitate this task, a product locator application is proposed. This application runs on\\u000a heterogeneous personal

Aitor Gómez-Goiri; Eduardo Castillejo; Pablo Orduña; Xabier Laiseca; Diego López-de-Ipiña; Sergio Fínez

78

An Investigation into the Incidence of Obesity and Underweight among Adults with an Intellectual Disability in an Australian Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports suggest that 7% to 18% of Australian adults are obese and a further 16% to 55% are overweight. Studies from other countries have indicated that obesity among people with an intellectual disability may be at least, or even more, prevalent. Prevalence rates range from 28% to 59%. The aim of the current study was to investigate the weight…

Moore, Kathleen; McGillivray, Jane; Illingworth, Kaye; Brookhouse, Peter

2004-01-01

79

Oxidative Damage, Platelet Activation, and Inflammation to Predict Mobility Disability and Mortality in Older Persons: Results From the Health Aging and Body Composition Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Inflammation, oxidative damage, and platelet activation are hypothesized biological mechanisms driving the disablement process. The aim of the present study is to assess whether biomarkers representing these mechanisms predicted major adverse health-related events in older persons. Methods. Data are from 2,234 community-dwelling nondisabled older persons enrolled in the Health Aging and Body Composition study. Biomarkers of lipid peroxidation (ie, urinary levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2?), platelet activation (ie, urinary levels of 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2), and inflammation (serum concentrations of interleukin-6) were considered as independent variables of interest and tested in Cox proportional hazard models as predictors of (severe) mobility disability and overall mortality. Results. The sample’s (women 48.0%, whites 64.3%) mean age was 74.6 (SD 2.9) years. During the follow-up (median 11.4 years), 792 (35.5%), 269 (12.0%), and 942 (42.2%) events of mobility disability, severe mobility disability, and mortality occurred, respectively. Only interleukin-6 showed significant independent associations with the onset of all the study outcomes. Higher levels of urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 independently predicted increased risk of death (hazard ratio 1.10, 95% confidence interval 1.03–1.19 and hazard ratio 1.14, 95% confidence interval 1.06–1.23, respectively). No significant interactions of gender, race, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and antiplatelet drugs were detected on the studied relationships. Conclusions. The inflammatory marker interleukin-6 is confirmed to be a robust predictor for the onset of negative health-related events. Participants with higher urinary levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2? and 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 presented a higher mortality risk.

Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Nicklas, Barbara; Kanaya, Alka M.; Patrignani, Paola; Tacconelli, Stefania; Tranah, Gregory J.; Tognoni, Gianni; Harris, Tamara B.; Incalzi, Raffaele Antonelli; Newman, Anne B.; Pahor, Marco

2012-01-01

80

14 CFR 382.121 - What mobility aids and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring into the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01... Section 382.121 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Stowage of Wheelchairs, Other...

2013-01-01

81

The association of sex hormone levels with poor mobility, low muscle strength and incidence of falls among older men and women  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether low levels of oestradiol and testosterone are associated with impaired mobility, low muscle strength and the incidence of falls in a population-based sample of older men and women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study, based on data of the Longitudinal Ageing Study Amsterdam (LASA), including 623 men and 663 women, aged 65-88

Laura A. Schaap; Saskia M. F. Pluijm; Jan H. Smit; Schoor van N. M; Marjolein Visser; Louis J. G. Gooren; P. T. A. M. Lips

2005-01-01

82

A Mobile Wetness Detection System Enabling Teachers to Toilet Train Children with Intellectual Disabilities in a Public School Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the possibility of toilet training a 9 year old boy with multiple disabilities using ZigBee based wetness\\u000a sensor technology and a positive reinforcement strategy. This study was carried out according to an ABAB sequence in which\\u000a A represented the baseline and B represented intervention phases. Data showed that the participant significantly increased\\u000a his target response, thus improving daytime

Yao-Jen Chang; Ming-Yang Lee; Li-Der Chou; Shu-Fang Chen; Yi-Chien Chen

83

A University Handbook on Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accommodations that can aid in the learning process for disabled students at Clarion University of Pennsylvania are outlined in this handbook funded by the college's Affirmative Action Committee. Objectives of the guide are: to define and describe the major disabilities (hearing impairment, learning disability, mobility impairment, speech…

Johnson, Virginia G., Ed.; Schlessinger, Rashelle, Ed.

84

Staging of mobility, transfer and walking functions of elderly persons based on the codes of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health  

PubMed Central

Background The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was introduced by the World Health Organization as a common taxonomy to describe the burden of health conditions. This study focuses on the development of a scale for staging basic mobility and walking functions based on the ICF. Methods Thirty-three ICF codes were selected to test their fit to the Rasch model and their location. Of these ICF items, four were used to develop a Guttman- type scale of “basic mobility” and another four to develop a“walking” scale to stage functional performance in the elderly. The content validity and differential item functioning of the scales were assessed. The participants, chosen at random, were Japanese over 65 years old using the services of public long-term care insurance, and whose functional assessments were used for scale development and scale validation. Results There were 1164 elderly persons who were eligible for scale development. To stage the functional performance of elderly persons, two Guttman-type scales of “basic mobility” and “walking” were constructed. The order of item difficulty was validated using 3260 elderly persons. There is no differential item functioning about study location, sex and age-group in the newly developed scales. These results suggested the newly developed scales have content validity. Conclusions These scales divided functional performance into five stages according to four ICF codes, making the measurements simple and less time-consuming and enable clear descriptions of elderly functioning level. This was achieved by hierarchically rearranging the ICF items and constructing Guttman-type scales according to item difficulty using the Rasch model. In addition, each functional level might require similar resources and therefore enable standardization of care and rehabilitation. Illustrations facilitate the sharing of patient images among health care providers. By using the ICF as a common taxonomy, these scales could be used internationally as assessment scales in geriatric care settings. However these scales require further validity and reliability studies for international application.

2013-01-01

85

Physical activity (PA) and the disablement process: a 14-year follow-up study of older non-disabled women and men.  

PubMed

Few studies have explored the associations of reported PA (RPA) with the processes underlying the development of disability. The present study was performed to explore RPA among older persons and its association with onset of functional dependence and mortality. Among a probability sample of 1782 community-living persons, aged 75-83 years, we evaluated the 1021 who reported no disability in basic activities of daily living. Participants were followed for a median of 8.34 years in public registers to determine onset of disability and mortality. RPA predicted mortality in older women (HR=1.77, 95%CI=1.42-2.19) and men (HR=1.65, 95%CI=1.27-2.14) over long time intervals. The effect of RPA persisted among permanently disabled older women, after adjusting for age, baseline vulnerability and grade of disability. Low RPA was independently associated with risk of incident disability (HR=1.56, 95%CI=1.10-2.23) in men. Among older women, the association between RPA and incidence of disability was attenuated in analyses that controlled for baseline mobility function. Thus, the association between physical activity and mortality reflected processes different from those underlying a simple relation between physical activity, disability and mortality. Physical activity was an ubiquitous predictor of longevity, but only for women. PMID:21868110

Schultz-Larsen, Kirsten; Rahmanfard, Naghmeh; Holst, Claus

2011-08-25

86

Laying the Foundation for Connect to Protect®: A Multi-Site Community Mobilization Intervention to Reduce HIV/AIDS Incidence and Prevalence among Urban Youth  

PubMed Central

Despite the considerable resources that have been dedicated to HIV prevention interventions and services over the past decade, HIV incidence among young people in the United States remains alarmingly high. One reason is that the majority of prevention efforts continue to focus solely on modifying individual behavior, even though public health research strongly suggests that changes to a community's structural elements, such as their programs, practices, and laws or policies, may result in more effective and sustainable outcomes. Connect to Protect is a multi-city community mobilization intervention that focuses on altering or creating community structural elements in ways that will ultimately reduce youth HIV incidence and prevalence. The project, which spans 6 years, is sponsored by the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions at multiple urban clinical research sites. This paper provides an overview of the study's three phases and describes key factors in setting a firm foundation for the initiation and execution of this type of undertaking. Connect to Protect's community mobilization approach to achieving structural change represents a relatively new and broad direction in HIV prevention research. To optimize opportunities for its success, time and resources must be initially placed into laying the groundwork. This includes activities such as building a strong overarching study infrastructure to ensure protocol tasks can be met across sites; tapping into local site and community expertise and knowledge; forming collaborative relationships between sites and community organizations and members; and fostering community input on and support for changes at a structural level. Failing to take steps such as these may lead to insurmountable implementation problems for an intervention of this kind.

Ziff, Mauri A.; Harper, Gary W.; Chutuape, Kate S.; Deeds, Bethany Griffin; Futterman, Donna; Francisco, Vincent T.; Muenz, Larry R.

2006-01-01

87

Long-term follow up of patients proceeding to transplant using plerixafor mobilized stem cells and incidence of secondary myelodysplastic syndrome/AML  

PubMed Central

We report the long-term follow up of 49 patients (pts) enrolled on plerixafor compassionate use protocol. Thirty-seven pts (76%) had failed one previous mobilization attempt, while 12 (24%) had failed two or more previous attempts. Using the combination of plerixafor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, we collected ? 2.5 × 106 CD34 + cells/kg in 33 pts (67%). Forty-three of the 49 pts proceeded to an auto-SCT (ASCT). The median days to WBC and platelet engraftment were 11 (range, 9–13 days) and 16 (range, 11–77 days) days post ASCT, respectively. The median WBC count, Hb and platelet counts 1 year after ASCT were 4.7× 109/L, 12.2 g/dL and 109 × 109/L, respectively. With median follow up of 42 months (range <1–54 months), 21 pts had evidence of disease progression. Five pts developed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/AML at median of 29 months post ASCT. The cumulative incidence of MDS/AML at 42 months was 17% (95% confidence interval, 6 to 32%). Development of secondary MDS/AML in pts proceeding to ASCT after plerixafor mobilization needs to be studied further in a larger cohort.

Deol, A; Abrams, J; Masood, A; Al-Kadhimi, Z; Abidi, MH; Ayash, L; Lum, LG; Ratanatharathorn, V; Uberti, JP

2013-01-01

88

Accommodating Students with Disabilities on State English Language Proficiency Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All English language learners (ELLs) are to participate in an annual assessment of English language proficiency (ELP) under Title III of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. This includes ELLs with disabilities, regardless of whether they are high-incidence disabilities (e.g., learning disability) or low-incidence disabilities (e.g., deaf or hard…

Albus, Debra; Thurlow, Martha L.

2008-01-01

89

Forecasting Incidence Of Work Limitations, Disability Insurance Receipt, And Mortality In Dynamic Simulation Models Using Social Security Administrative Records: A Research Note  

Microsoft Academic Search

In examining a number of important research questions related to the reform of the Social Security program, it is helpful to understand patterns of participation in the Disability Insurance (DI) program. DI beneficiaries comprise a large fraction, approximately 15 percent, of the pool of workers who receive Social Security benefits (Social Security Administration, 2001: Table 5.A16). They are a particularly

Melissa Favreaul

2002-01-01

90

Orientation and Mobility with Persons Who Are Deaf-Blind: An Initial Examination of Single-Subject Design Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Persons who are deaf-blind represent a heterogeneous, low-incidence population of children and adults who, at some point in life, regardless of the presence of additional disabilities, may benefit from formal orientation and mobility (O&M) instruction. Current national policies, such as the No Child Left Behind Act, which emphasize that…

Parker, Amy T.

2009-01-01

91

Cyclophosphamide and prednisone induction followed by cyclophosphamide mobilization effectively decreases the incidence of engraftment syndrome in patients with POEMS syndrome who undergo stem cell transplantation.  

PubMed

High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) can achieve excellent clinical responses in patients with POEMS syndrome (Jimenez Zepeda et al., Blood 2010;116:2403; Gertz et al., Am J Hematol 2005;79:319-328; Gherardi et al., Ann Neurol 1994;35:501-505; Gattinoni et al., Nat Rev Immunol 2006;6:383-393; Salem et al., J Immunol 2009;182:2030-2040; Salem et al., Cancer Immunol Immunother 2010;59:341-353; Salem et al., Cell Immunol 2010;261:134-143). However, High-dose melphalan with ASCT should be considered carefully due to its treatment-related morbidity (Vuckovic et al., Blood 2003;101:2314-2317), especially in patients with poor performance status owing to polyneuropathy and multiorgan involvement, such as cardiac, respiratory, and renal failure. Significant increases in the concentration of circulating macrophage colony-stimulating factor, erythropoietin, IL-6, and TNF-?, reach near maximal values at approximately day +12, predating neutrophil engraftment, and clinically manifest with fever, rash and edema (Dispenzieri et al., Eur J Haematol 2008;80:397-406). Depending on the definition used, approximately 50% of patients satisfied criteria for engraftment syndrome (ES) (Vuckovic et al., Blood 2003;101:2314-2317). ES occurs in 27-47% of patients who undergo ASCT; mortality rate is reported from 8% to 18% (Gattinoni et al., Nat Rev Immunol 2006;6:383-393; Vuckovic et al., Blood 2003;101:2314-2317). We have therefore reviewed our experience with ASCT in patients with POEMS syndrome who were treated with cyclophosphamide and prednisone as induction therapy followed by cyclophosphamide mobilization with an emphasis on treatment-related morbidity and frequency of ES. Our study confirms that ASCT is a feasible and efficacious treatment for patients with POEMS syndrome. In addition, the use of CP followed by cyclophosphamide mobilization decreases the incidence of PES leading to less morbidity and mortality rates. PMID:21815185

Jimenez-Zepeda, Victor H; Trudel, Suzanne; Reece, Donna E; Chen, Christine; Rabea, Ahmed M; Kukreti, Vishal

2011-08-03

92

49 CFR 39.93 - What wheelchairs and other assistive devices may passengers with a disability bring onto a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...permit individuals with mobility disabilities to use wheelchairs and manually powered mobility aids, such as walkers, crutches, canes, braces, or other similar devices designed for use by individuals with mobility disabilities in any areas open to...

2011-10-01

93

Law Enforcement and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training program examines the relationship between law enforcement personnel and persons with disabilities. The curriculum is organized into four sections dealing with specific concerns of people with hearing impairments, visual impairments, mental retardation, and mobility impairments. Background information is presented for each disability

Poelvoorde, Rose; And Others

94

Disability Identity--Disability Pride  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses a way of thinking about disability which has emerged out of the UK Disabled People's Movement over the last three decades in opposition to the preceding medical model of disability which viewed disability as synonymous with problem. Disabled people are increasingly challenging the notion that their embodiment is inherently…

Martin, Nicola

2012-01-01

95

Disability Identity--Disability Pride  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a way of thinking about disability which has emerged out of the UK Disabled People's Movement over the last three decades in opposition to the preceding medical model of disability which viewed disability as synonymous with problem. Disabled people are increasingly challenging the notion that their embodiment is inherently…

Martin, Nicola

2012-01-01

96

Disability Awareness Training Manual for Park Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to increase the awareness and understanding of disabilities by Virginia park personnel, this guide provides information about the characteristics and needs of park visitors who have disabilities. Four different categories of disabilities are addressed: (1) mobility impairments; (2) visual impairments; (3) hearing impairments; and (4)…

Myers, Laurie C.

97

Disability-Selective Abortion and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article examines the influence of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on affective attitudes toward children with disabilities and on the incidence of disability-selective abortion. Applying regression analysis to U.S. natality data, we find that the birthrate of children with Down syndrome declined significantly in the years following the ADA’s passage. Controlling for technological, demographic, and cultural variables suggests

Dov Fox; Griffin Christopher L. Jr

2009-01-01

98

Disabilities and handicaps in Aquitaine.  

PubMed

An extension of the national survey on health and medical consumption in Aquitaine used a questionnaire on presence of disability and handicap. Communication, personal cares, mobility and occupations were restricted in respectively 1.5, 3.3, 3.2, and 10.6%. People aged 60 and over were mainly concerned. Personal and domestic care disabilities were noted for 1 out of 8, communication disabilities were present among 1 out of 20. One out of 7 was restricted for mobility and physical independence; 1 out of 4 was restricted for customary occupations and 1 out of 10 for social relationships. Those physically dependent living alone were 5%. PMID:3161842

Henrard, J C; Ankri, J; Cassou, B; Morell, B; Lelaidier, S

1985-01-01

99

Mechanical energy analysis identifies compensatory strategies in disabled elders’ gait  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current concepts in disablement emphasize the importance of identifying mobility impairments in aging humans to enable timely intervention and, ultimately, prevent disability. Because mobility impairments are likely to result in compensatory movement strategies, recognizing and understanding those strategies may be critical in designing effective interventions for preventing disability. We sought to determine if mechanical energy methods are useful for identifying

Chris A. McGibbon; David E. Krebs; Michael S. Puniello

2001-01-01

100

Superheroes Social Skills: A Study Examining the Effects of Using an Evidence-Based Approach to Teach Social Skills to Children with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study evaluated the use of a manualized social skills program, Superheroes Social Skills, to increase the use of prosocial behaviors and decrease the use of aggressive behaviors for children with externalizing behaviors. The training was implemented by a school psychologist in a pullout group with four children with high-incidence

Hood, Julia Ann Kelly

2011-01-01

101

Superheroes Social Skills: A Study Examining the Effects of Using an Evidence-Based Approach to Teach Social Skills to Children with High-Incidence Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study evaluated the use of a manualized social skills program, Superheroes Social Skills, to increase the use of prosocial behaviors and decrease the use of aggressive behaviors for children with externalizing behaviors. The training was implemented by a school psychologist in a pullout group with four children with high-incidence

Hood, Julia Ann Kelly

2011-01-01

102

Improving Mobility and Reducing Disability in Older People Through Early High-Dose Vitamin D Replacement Following Hip Fracture: A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial and Economic Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Hypovitaminosis D is particularly common among older people with a proximal femoral (hip) fracture and has been linked with poorer lower extremity functioning, falls, and fractures. There is evidence that disability severity and fall rates may be reduced by adequate vitamin D replacement. However, the ideal regimen for vitamin D administration to have these benefits in older people who have been in the hospital has not been established. This randomized controlled trial will investigate the effects of an oral vitamin D loading dose with maintenance oral vitamin D and calcium on lower extremity function (gait velocity), correction of hypovitaminosis D, falls, and fractures among older people after hip fracture surgery. The cost-effectiveness of the REVITAHIP program from the health and community service provider’s perspective will also be established, as will predictors of adherence with the treatment. A total of 450 older people who have recently had a hip fracture requiring surgical intervention will be screened to achieve 250 participants for the study. Participants will have no medical contraindications to vitamin D replacement. The primary outcome measure will be mobility-related disability as measured with the 2.4-m gait velocity test. Secondary measures will be 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels at 2, 4, and 26 weeks, number of falls and fractures, and additional measures of mobility, disability, quality of life, health system and community–service contact, adherence to the intervention, and adverse events. After surgical fixation and being deemed medically stable, participants will be randomly allocated to an intervention or placebo-control group. Participants of the intervention group will receive initial oral 250 000 IU (5 × 50 000 IU) vitamin D3 tablets. Both groups will receive oral maintenance vitamin D3 and calcium and will follow the usual hip fracture rehabilitation pathway. The study will determine the impact of a vitamin D loading dose on mobility-related disability in older people following hip fracture and will discuss the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a loading dose vitamin D replacement more generally. The results will have direct implications for future use of vitamin D therapy for this high-risk group.

Mak, Jenson C. S.; Mason, Rebecca; Klein, Linda; Cameron, Ian D.

2011-01-01

103

Nutritional Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Malnutrition has been identified as a cause for physical and mental disabilities in about 100 million people in the world. Nutritional disabilities are major public health problems in developing countries. This report illustrates some of the consequences ...

M. M. Ram

1981-01-01

104

Compounding the Challenge: Young Deaf Children and Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a definition of deaf and hard of hearing children with learning disabilities; notes the incidence of children with both disabilities; outlines roadblocks to learning; describes screening, diagnosis, and assessment practices; and offers suggestions for educational programming. (JDD)|

Mauk, Gary W.; Mauk, Pamela P.

1993-01-01

105

Disabilities, Benefits, and Disability Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study attempted to relate patterns of disabilities to amounts of money received in social security benefits. Findings from structured interviews with parents of 248 disabled young adults (ages 18-22) indicated that the United Kingdom social security system gives more recognition to costs arising from physical than from mental disability.…

Hirst, Michael A.

1986-01-01

106

Human factors and qualitative pedagogical evaluation of a mobile augmented reality system for science education used by learners with physical disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology-enhanced learning, employing novel forms of content representation and education service delivery by enhancing\\u000a the visual perception of the real environment of the user, is favoured by proponents of educational inclusion for learners\\u000a with physical disabilities. Such an augmented reality computer-mediated learning system has been developed as part of an EU\\u000a funded research project, namely the CONNECT project. The CONNECT

Theodoros N. Arvanitis; Argeroula Petrou; James F. Knight; Stavros Savvas; Sofoklis Sotiriou; Michael Gargalakos; Elpida Gialouri

2009-01-01

107

Absolute Strength and Loss of Strength as Predictors of Mobility Decline in Older Adults: The InCHIANTI Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Theoretical definitions of sarcopenia traditionally emphasize age-related loss of muscle strength; however, most analyses of the association between strength and mobility examine strength at a single time point. This study sought to identify sex-specific cutpoints for muscle strength and power (at one time point) and 3-year changes in strength and power that would maximize prediction of 3-year mobility decline. Methods. Longitudinal analysis of 934 adults aged ?65 years enrolled in the Invecchiare in Chianti study was conducted. Grip strength, knee extension strength, and lower extremity power were measured at baseline and 3 years postenrollment. Mobility function (gait speed and self-reported mobility disability) was measured at 3 and 6 years postenrollment. Classification and regression tree analysis was used to predict mobility decline from Years 3 to 6. Results. Men with knee extension strength <19.2 kg and grip strength <39.0 kg had clinically meaningful declines in gait speed of .24 m/s. Furthermore, men with power <105 W were nearly nine times more likely to develop incident mobility disability (likelihood ratio = 8.68; 95% confidence interval = 3.91, 19.44). Among women, knee extension strength <18.0 kg was associated with a minimal gait speed decline of 0.06 m/s, and women with leg power <64 W were three times more likely to develop incident mobility disability (likelihood ratio = 3.01; 95% confidence interval = 1.79, 5.08). Three-year changes in strength and power did not predict mobility decline in either sex. Conclusions. Findings suggest that strength and power measured at one time point are more predictive of mobility decline than 3-year changes and that low strength and power are particularly powerful risk factors in men.

Shardell, Michelle; Alley, Dawn E.; Miller, Ram R.; Bandinelli, Stefania; Guralnik, Jack; Lauretani, Fulvio; Simonsick, Eleanor M.; Ferrucci, Luigi

2012-01-01

108

Computers, Computer Technology, and the Physically Disabled.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At least 20,000,000 people in the U.S. are afflicted by physical disabilities which interfere with their lives. The number and distribution of disabilities such as visual, hearing and mobility impairments, are considered to motivate an examination of a va...

E. J. Desautels

1973-01-01

109

Staffing Patterns for Counselors of Disabled Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine California community colleges were surveyed in 1979-1980 to determine the ratios of certified disability counselors to students with hearing, speech, visual, or mobility impairments; students with learning disabilities (average or limited); students with other health problems; and students in convalescent and nursing homes. Survey findings…

San Diego Community Coll. District, CA. Research Office.

110

Adaptive Computing Technology and the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive technology offers people with disabilities the opportunity not just to use computers, but to use computers to complete tasks that were previously not possible for them. Computers can be used to assist individuals with speech or writing impairments, physical or mobility impairments, visual impairments, and learning disabilities. (Author/JL)

Harrell, William L.

1998-01-01

111

Disabilities & Transitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter discusses transition and outcome issues for young children with disabilities. Topics discussed include issues related to transition program administration, staff, families, and services. (KB)

Wolery, Mark

1998-01-01

112

An exploratory hazard-based analysis of highway incident duration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The statistical analysis of highway incident duration has become an increasingly import research topic due to the impact that highway incidents (vehicle accidents and disablements) have on traffic congestion. In addition, there is a growing need to evaluate incident management programs that seek to reduce incident duration and incident-induced traffic congestion. We apply hazard-based duration models to statistically evaluate the

Doohee Nam; Fred Mannering

2000-01-01

113

Library Services to Disabled Students: Outreach and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some approaches to meeting the needs of disabled students in academic libraries in keeping with the Americans with Disabilities Act. Highlights include types of disabilities, including visual, mobility, and hearing impairments; obstacles found in libraries, including poor communication; and possible remedies. (LRW)

Lenn, Katy

1996-01-01

114

Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning disability is a classification that includes several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner. Depending on the type and severity of the disability, interventions may be used to help the individual learn strategies that will foster future success. Some interventions can be quite simplistic, while others are…

Sittiprapaporn, Wichian, Ed.

2012-01-01

115

Laying the Foundation for Connect to Protect ® : A Multi-Site Community Mobilization Intervention to Reduce HIV\\/AIDS Incidence and Prevalence among Urban Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the considerable resources that have been dedicated to HIV prevention interventions and services over the past decade, HIV incidence among young people in the United States remains alarmingly high. One reason is that the majority of prevention efforts continue to focus solely on modifying individual behavior, even though public health research strongly suggests that changes to a community's structural

Mauri A. Ziff; Gary W. Harper; Kate S. Chutuape; Bethany Griffin Deeds; Donna Futterman; Vincent T. Francisco; Larry R. Muenz; Jonathan M. Ellen

2006-01-01

116

Abuse and Neglect of Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Estimates of the incidence of abuse of children with disabilities range from 2 to 10 times the rate of children without disabilities All forms of abuse, including multiple types of abuse with the same child, multiple perpetrators of abuse, and multiple victims within a grouping of children, exist within the population of children with…

Baladerian, Nora J.

1994-01-01

117

Architectural Barriers to the Physically Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is evidence on the increasing need to plan for the accommodation of the physically handicapped in the design and construction of present and future public buildings and transportation facilities in Canada. Terms such as "architectural barriers" and "disability" are defined. Statistics on disability incidence in Canada (one out of seven…

Kirkland, Sue-Anne

118

Digit Repetition in Learning-Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated digit repetition performance in learning-disabled children in an effort to assess its clinical and theoretical significance. Clincally, learning-disabled children (N=100) had a higher than expected incidence of large verbal-performance discrepancies, although mean overall digit repetition performance did not differ appreciably from…

Black, F. William

1983-01-01

119

Architectural Barriers to the Physically Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is evidence on the increasing need to plan for the accommodation of the physically handicapped in the design and construction of present and future public buildings and transportation facilities in Canada. Terms such as "architectural barriers" and "disability" are defined. Statistics on disability incidence in Canada (one out of seven…

Kirkland, Sue-Anne

120

Academic Library Services for Students with Disabilities: A Survey at the University of South Carolina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot survey of 16 students at the University of South Carolina from across four disability categories evaluated the range of services and adaptive equipment necessary to meet disabled students' needs in an academic library setting. Disability categories represented were: (1) learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders, (2) mobility

Loope, Charlene H.

121

Course Completion and Attainment in Disabled Students Taking Courses with the Open University UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation compared outcomes in disabled and non-disabled students taking courses by distance learning with the Open University UK in 2003. Students with mental health difficulties showed poorer course completion than non-disabled students. Students with restricted mobility and students with other disabilities showed lower pass rates than…

Richardson, John T. E.

2010-01-01

122

Learning Disabilities and Employment before and in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era: Progress or a Bridge Too Far?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and its amendments have been in existence for a little more than twenty years. Title One, which pertains to employment, has had a bearing on employment for persons with disabilities, particularly the high incidence category of learning disabilities, who for the most part work in competitive…

Gerber, Paul J.; Batalo, Cecilia G.; Achola, Edwin O.

2011-01-01

123

Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... t get addressed until the teen years when schoolwork — and life — gets more complicated. Most learning disabilities ... learning, such as books on tape or laptop computers for students who have dyslexia. Medication is often ...

124

Speech centric multimodal interfaces for disabled users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how multimodal interfaces make it easier for people with sensory impairments to interact with mobile terminals such as PDAs and 3rd generation mobile phones (3G\\/UMTS). We have developed a flexible speech centric composite multimodal interface to a map-based information service on a mobile terminal. This user interface has proven useful for different types of disabilities, from persons

Knut Kvale; Narada Dilp Warakagoda

2008-01-01

125

Complementary and alternative medicine in developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

Developmental disabilities (DD) are defined as a diverse group of severe chronic conditions due to mental and/or physical impairments. Individuals with developmental disabilities have difficulty with major life activities including language, mobility, and learning. Developmental disabilities can begin anytime during development--from prenatal up to 22 years of age, and the disability usually lasts throughout a person's lifetime. Autism spectrum disorders, cerebral palsy, mental retardation, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are common conditions falling within the definition of developmental disabilities. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is becoming increasingly utilized in the general population for treatment of everything from the common cold to complex and chronic medical conditions. This article reviews the prevalence of different types of CAM used for various developmental disabilities. PMID:16391450

Brown, Kelly A; Patel, Dilip R

2005-11-01

126

Sexual Force at Sexual Debut. Swedish Adolescents with Disabilities at Higher Risk than Adolescents without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aims of this study are first to compare the incidence of force on the first occasion of sexual intercourse reported by participants with disabilities to that of students without disabilities; second to determine whether there are significant differences in mental health, substance abuse, and school performance as reported by participants…

Brunnberg, Elinor; Bostrom, Margareta Linden; Berglund, Mats

2012-01-01

127

Mobile Agents in Wireless Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The networks that connect handheld wireless devices such as cell phones and PDAs suffer from low bandwidth and a high incidence of network errors. By employing mobile agents, such devices could provide a reliable technology for message transport over wireless links. Mobile agents are inherently distributed software entities that reduce the load on the network when they move. Mobile agents

Luminita Vasiu; Qusay H. Mahmoud

2004-01-01

128

Disability Insurance  

PubMed Central

A disability insurance policy provides specified income benefits when the insured person becomes unable to work because of illness or accident. With an individual policy, the insured person is generally the policy holder. With a group plan, the employer is the policy holder. An individual policy can provide several optional benefits in addition to disability benefits, which are not available in a group plan. In assessing risk, the insurer uses the application, the agent's report, a physical examination, the attending physician's report, and sometimes a consumer investigation company's inspection report. Records from the Medical Information Bureau, an association of American and Canadian life insurance companies, may also be used. The process of claims adjudication is described, as are differences between short-term and long-term disability claims. Many group policies have a rehabilitation provision; payments may continue while the claimant undergoes rehabilitation or retraining. Imagesp1928-a

Williamson, Elliot A.

1985-01-01

129

Evolutionary genomics of human intellectual disability  

PubMed Central

Previous studies have postulated that X-linked and autosomal genes underlying human intellectual disability may have also mediated the evolution of human cognition. We have conducted the first comprehensive assessment of the extent and patterns of positive Darwinian selection on intellectual disability genes in humans. We report three main findings. First, as noted in some previous reports, intellectual disability genes with primary functions in the central nervous system exhibit a significant concentration to the X chromosome. Second, there was no evidence for a higher incidence of recent positive selection on X-linked than autosomal intellectual disability genes, nor was there a higher incidence of selection on such genes overall, compared to sets of control genes. However, the X-linked intellectual disability genes inferred to be subject to recent positive selection were concentrated in the Rho GTP-ase pathway, a key signaling pathway in neural development and function. Third, among all intellectual disability genes, there was evidence for a higher incidence of recent positive selection on genes involved in DNA repair, but not for genes involved in other functions. These results provide evidence that alterations to genes in the Rho GTP-ase and DNA-repair pathways may play especially-important roles in the evolution of human cognition and vulnerability to genetically-based intellectual disability.

Crespi, Bernard; Summers, Kyle; Dorus, Steve

2010-01-01

130

Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Learning disability (LD) refers to a condition in which a child fails to develop adequate academic skills, such as reading,\\u000a writing, or calculation. LDs involve inadequate development of academic skills, rather than representing a loss of previously\\u000a acquired function, although brain lesions may certainly result in cognitive deficits that affect reading, writing, and calculation\\u000a (for a review, see Heilman and

Gayle K. Deutsch; Robert N. Davis

131

Reliability of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) is an instrument for evaluating function in children with disabilities aged 6 months to 7.5 years. The PEDI measures both functional performance and capability in three domains: (1) self-care, (2) mobility, and (3) social function. The PEDI has recently been translated into Norwegian. The…

Berg, Marie; Jahnsen, Reidun; Froslie, Kathrine Frey; Hussain, Aktahr

2004-01-01

132

Disability in Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury--Which Measure?.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study of 54 individuals with head injuries compares a commonly used measure of physical disability, the Barthel Index, with three measures designed to assess intellectual functioning, communication, behavior, and mobility. The results indicate support for using scales other than the Barthel Index when describing disability following…

McPherson, K. M.; Pentland, B.

1997-01-01

133

National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc. 2005 Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2005, the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) helped more children, more parents and more educators than ever before. Through their programs, information services, and policy initiatives, they raised awareness, mobilized advocates, and took action to help ensure that learning disabilities are identified and addressed early and…

National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2006

2006-01-01

134

Decoding the Miss Daisy Syndrome: An Examination of Subjective Responses to Mobility Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subjective responses associated with personal life space and mobility status were explored. Thirty individuals participated in focus groups based on self-rated disability status, current places visited, and availability. Qualitative analyses revealed that most participants equated personal mobility with driving a vehicle. Attitudes concerning mobility status and preparedness for change varied based on disability level and personal experience. Fear of

M. Denise King; Thomas M. Meuser; Marla Berg-Weger; John T. Chibnall; Annie C. Harmon; Richard Yakimo

2010-01-01

135

Disability and going green: a comparison of the environmental values and behaviours of persons with and without disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some studies have suggested that socially excluded groups exhibit different environmental values and behaviours from mainstream society. To consider this in the context of disability, a survey was implemented to investigate environmental values and ecological behaviour. A high percentage of participants considered themselves to have a disability, long?standing illness or infirmity. Over half of the sample had restricted physical mobility.

Brent Lovelock

2010-01-01

136

Incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of sclerosis in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease.  

PubMed

Sclerotic chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) can result in disability after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. We assessed the incidence and risk factors of sclerosis and its association with transplant outcomes among 977 consecutive patients treated with systemic immunosuppression for chronic GVHD. Sclerosis was defined when cutaneous sclerosis, fasciitis, or joint contracture was first documented in the medical record. Seventy (7%) patients presented with sclerosis at the time of initial systemic treatment for chronic GVHD, and the cumulative incidence of sclerosis increased to 20% at 3 years. Factors associated with an increased risk of sclerosis included the use of a mobilized blood cell graft and a conditioning regimen with > 450 cGy total body irradiation. Factors associated with a decreased risk of sclerosis included the use of an HLA-mismatched donor and a major ABO-mismatched donor. Development of sclerosis was associated with longer time to withdrawal of immunosuppressive treatment but not with risks of overall mortality, nonrelapse mortality, or recurrent malignancy. We found a substantial incidence of sclerosis in patients with chronic GVHD. Development of sclerosis can cause disability but does not affect mortality or recurrent malignancy in patients with chronic GVHD. PMID:23547053

Inamoto, Yoshihiro; Storer, Barry E; Petersdorf, Effie W; Nelson, J Lee; Lee, Stephanie J; Carpenter, Paul A; Sandmaier, Brenda M; Hansen, John A; Martin, Paul J; Flowers, Mary E D

2013-04-01

137

Learning Disabilities and ADHD  

MedlinePLUS

... Types of illnesses and disabilities Learning disabilities and ADHD Learning disabilities affect how you understand, remember, and ... learning skills, including memory tips from LD Online. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) top ADHD is a medical condition that ...

138

Dogs for the disabled: benefits to recipients and welfare of the dog  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dogs for the Disabled is an organisation recently established in the UK to provide trained assistance dogs to enhance the mobility and independence of people with physical disabilities. Fifty-seven recipients of a Dog for the Disabled (90% of all recipients) took part in a questionnaire survey to assess satisfaction with their dog, commitment to the dog's welfare, and other changes

J McNicholas; G. M Collis

1998-01-01

139

RISK FACTORS FOR DISABILITY SUBTYPES AMONG OLDER PERSONS  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify risk factors for five different subtypes of disability. Design, Setting and Participants Prospective cohort study of 754 community-living residents of greater New Haven, Connecticut, who were 70 years or older and initially nondisabled in four essential activities of daily living (bathing, dressing, walking, and transferring). Measurements Candidate risk factors were measured every 18 months for 90 months during comprehensive home-based assessments. Disability was assessed during monthly telephone interviews for up to 108 months. Among participants who were nondisabled at the start of an 18-month interval, incident episodes of five different disability subtypes were determined during the subsequent 18 months: transient, short-term, long-term, recurrent, and unstable. Results The cumulative incidence rates (95% confidence intervals) per 100 person-intervals were 9.8 (8.9–10.6) for transient disability, 3.8 (3.3–4.3) for short-term disability, 7.1 (6.4–7.8) for long-term disability, 4.7 (4.1–5.3) for recurrent disability, and 4.4 (3.9–5.0) for unstable disability. In a multivariate analysis, the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) was associated with each of the five disability subtypes, with adjusted hazard ratios ranging from 1.10 for transient disability to 1.35 for long-term disability. The only other factors associated with short-term, long-term, and recurrent disability were stroke, visual impairment, and poor grip strength, respectively. Transient disability and unstable disability shared the same set of risk factors—depressive symptoms, stroke, and poor grip strength—in addition to the SPPB. Conclusions Our results provide mixed evidence to support the distinct nature of the five disability subtypes.

Gill, Thomas M.; Murphy, Terrence E.; Barry, Lisa C.; Allore, Heather G.

2009-01-01

140

Disability Simulation for Regular Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An awareness-raising program to enhance secondary students' appreciation and understanding of common disabilities is described. In addition to guest speakers, selected regular education students simulated vision, speech, cognitive, hearing and mobility impairments. Equipment used, procedures, student responses, and reactions from the student body…

Hallenbeck, Mark J.; McMaster, Darlene

1991-01-01

141

Using Virtual Reality To Teach Disability Awareness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design and evaluation of a desktop virtual reality program that was developed to teach children about the accessibility and attitudinal barriers encountered by their peers with mobility impairments. Investigated attitudes, grade levels, familiarity with individuals with a disability, and gender. (Author/LRW)

Pivik, Jayne; McComas, Joan; Macfarlane, Ian; Laflamme, Marc

2002-01-01

142

Disability, Discrimination & The Americans With Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the prevalence of disability in the United States and the discrimination experienced by persons with disabilities. Following this is a brief overview of the purpose and essential provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act and a discussion of the key definitions in the ADA: \\

Janet O’Keeffe

1993-01-01

143

Sleep and Developmental Disabilities: Assessment, Treatment, and Outcome Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People with developmental disabilities sleep less and experience higher incidence of clinical sleep disorders than the general population. Exploring the neurophysiology linking sleep with daytime performance in patients with developmental disabilities is now possible using minimally sufficient sleep and sleep-sensitive behavioral assays. Although…

Doran, Scott M.; Harvey, Mark T.; Horner, Robert H.

2006-01-01

144

Digital Transition Portfolios for Secondary Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Transition services for secondary students with disabilities are defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) as a coordinated set of activities contained in a results-oriented process to improve educational and functional outcomes. The most popular strategy used to prepare secondary students with high-incidence

Black, Jenn

2010-01-01

145

Speech and Language Disorders in Children with Intellectual Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study of 148 Bulgarian children with mild intellectual disabilities investigated the incidence of various types of speech and language disorders in children with intellectual disabilities. A questionnaire was given to the parents and relatives of the children requiring information about the pupils' pre-, peri-, and early postnatal…

Georgieva, Dobrinka; Cholakova, Maya

146

Disability Information & Awareness: Afghanistan. Version 2.2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on a project in Afghanistan that coordinates the efforts of several agencies to develop community-directed disability, rehabilitation, and education services. The program stresses community mobilization aided by skills transfer from expatriate specialists, and includes physical therapy, prosthetics, living skills and mobility

Miles, M.

147

Disability Information & Awareness: Afghanistan. Version 2.2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report focuses on a project in Afghanistan that coordinates the efforts of several agencies to develop community-directed disability, rehabilitation, and education services. The program stresses community mobilization aided by skills transfer from expatriate specialists, and includes physical therapy, prosthetics, living skills and mobility

Miles, M.

148

Reasonable Instructional Accommodations for College Students with Learning Differences or Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses issues in the provision of educational services to first year college students with learning disabilities. The literature is reviewed, showing the persistence of learning disabilities into adulthood, the numbers of such students attending postsecondary institutions, and the incidence of disabilities (about 9 percent) among…

Glimps, Blanche E. Jackson

149

Sexual Abuse of Individuals with Disabilities: Prevention Strategies for Clinical Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities occurs in alarming proportions, although the prevalence and incidence of such abuse is difficult to determine. Although all states maintain statistics on child sexual abuse, the rate of victimization for individuals with disabilities is not specific. This paper reviews several studies conducted on sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities with a focus on clinical

Adriana G. McEachern

2012-01-01

150

Changes that Occur in Families as Children with Intellectual Disability Grow Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect on families and the changes that occur in relation to a child with disability or independently are considered through the life span. The recent advances in prenatal screening, special care baby units and genetic counselling may increase fear of disability and have not decreased the incidence. As the rest of the family grow older, the disabled child goes

Ann Gath

1993-01-01

151

The emerging pattern of disability in Rwanda.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the emerging pattern of disability (activity limitation) in terms of its prevalence, age and gender distribution in Rwanda. Method: A door-to-door survey was conducted in all households in villages from two districts selected through a multi-stage sampling procedure. Identified persons were screened for activity limitations using age-appropriate instruments developed from domains in the ICF. Proportions were computed and disaggregated by age group, gender, district and activity limitation. A multi-disciplinary rehabilitation team including community members participated in the development of instruments, community mobilisation, data collection and collation. Results: Prevalence rates of 8.6% (Bugesera) and 14.7% (Musanze) were obtained. The prevalence of disability was higher in adults than in children in both districts (10.4% versus 6.6% in Bugesera and 19.6% versus 7.7% in Musanze). Visual limitations occurred the most frequently in both adults and children in both districts. Mobility and mental health limitations also notably contributed to the overall disability burden. Conclusion: The prevalence of disability obtained was higher than all previously reported data for Rwanda. Despite the limitations, the findings provide useful information for planning rehabilitation services and to direct future enquiry into the epidemiology of disability in Rwanda. Implications for Rehabilitation It is important to design specific surveys to measure disability using contemporary methods to gauge the situation accurately and qualitatively. Currently, the ICF provides the best framework to describe the epidemiology of disability meaningfully; it enables comparisons within and between countries and regions of the world; and enables the active participation of a wide range of rehabilitation stakeholders including PWDs and lay community members. The vast majority of disabilities in Rwanda are limitations in visual, mobility and mental health functions. PMID:23738617

M'kumbuzi, Vyvienne R P; Sagahutu, J-B; Kagwiza, J; Urimubenshi, G; Mostert-Wentzel, K

2013-06-01

152

Gifted learning disabled students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to 30 per cent of gifted students display a learning disability, with 10 per cent reading at two or more years below their grade level. They are referred to as being ?gifted learning disabled’ or as having the dual exceptionalities of giftedness and learning disabilities. For these students, their learning disability is more likely to be recognised and targeted

John Munro

2002-01-01

153

Higher Dependability and Security for Mobile Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, we are concerned with the detection software faults and tampering of the mobile application as well as the\\u000a mobile device theft. We want to disable mobile device cryptographically once either of these problems are detected. Basically\\u000a the device needs to receive a new cryptographic key after each pre-set period of time in order to continue function. The

Hongxia Jin

2006-01-01

154

Neurologic disability: a hidden epidemic for India.  

PubMed

India, the world's second most populous country, is facing the emergence of a hitherto "hidden" epidemic: neurologic disability. The rapid economic, demographic, and social transformation of India in recent decades has already resulted in the double burden of unresolved epidemics of infectious diseases (e.g., malaria, tuberculosis) coupled with rising rates of chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular diseases). Neurologic disability is likely to join these public health concerns as a third epidemic, largely due to 3 emerging health trends: 1) an increase in traumatic brain injuries (TBI) from road traffic accidents (RTA); 2) an increase in the incidence of age-related dementia; and 3) an increase in the stroke incidence. Without adequate preparation, the treatment and long-term care for an increasing population of neurologically disabled people will strain India's health care system and economy in the coming years in unprecedented ways. PMID:23170012

Das, Abhijit; Botticello, Amanda L; Wylie, Glenn R; Radhakrishnan, Kurupath

2012-11-20

155

Maltreatment and Developmental Disabilities in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this review is to explore the interactive influences of maltreatment and disabilities on children's development, and to provide practical suggestions about what may be done to optimize developmental outcomes. The review briefly describes maltreatment in the general population, noting incidence, proportions of children experiencing different types of maltreatment, and special risk for very young children. The disproportionate

Susan Vig; Ruth Kaminer

2002-01-01

156

Otitis Media in Young Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in 14 children (ages 8-66 months) with developmental disabilities attending center-based childcare. Although younger children had more OME than older children, children with Down syndrome had the highest incidence of OME regardless of age. Implications of OME for fluctuating…

Zeisel, Susan A.; Roberts, Joanne E.

2003-01-01

157

Career Interests and Self-Estimated Abilities of Young Adults with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to ascertain vocational interests and self-estimated work-relevant abilities of young adults with disabilities. Results showed that young adults with both low incidence and high incidence disabilities have a wide range of interests and self-estimated work-relevant abilities that are comparable to those in the general…

Turner, Sherri; Unkefer, Lesley Craig; Cichy, Bryan Ervin; Peper, Christine; Juang, Ju-Ping

2011-01-01

158

Disability: a welfarist approach  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we offer a new account of disability. According to our account, some state of a person's biology or psychology is a disability if that state makes it more likely that a person's life will get worse, in terms of his or her own wellbeing, in a given set of social and environmental circumstances. Unlike the medical model of disability, our welfarist approach does not tie disability to deviation from normal species’ functioning, nor does it understand disability in essentialist terms. Like the social model of disability, the welfarist approach sees disability as a harmful state that results from the interaction between a person's biology and psychology and his or her surrounding environment. However, unlike the social model, it denies that the harm associated with disability is entirely due to social prejudice or injustice. In this paper, we outline and clarify the welfarist approach, answer common objections and illustrate its usefulness in addressing a range of difficult ethical questions involving disability.

Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

2011-01-01

159

[Critical incidents].  

PubMed

In medicine real severe mishaps are rare. On the other hand critical incidents are frequent. Anonymous critical incident reporting systems allow us to learn from these mishaps. This learning process will make our daily clinical work safer Unfortunately, before these systems can be used efficiently our professional culture has to be changed. Everyone in medicine has to admit that errors do occur to see the need for an open discussion. If we really want to learn from errors, we cannot punish the individual, who reported his or her mistake. The interest is primarily in what has happened and why it has happened and not who has committed this mistake. The cause for critical incidents in medicine is in over 80% the human factor Poor communication, work under enormous stress, conflicts and hierarchies are the main cause. This has been known for many years, therefore have already 15 years ago high-tech industries, like e.g. aviation, started to invest in special courses on team training. Medicine is a typical profession were until now only the individual performance decided about the professional career Communication, conflict management, stress management, decision making, risk management, team and team resource management were subjects that have never been taught during our preor postgraduate education. These points are the most important ones for an optimal teamwork. A multimodular course designed together with Swissair (Human Aspect Development medical, HADmedical) helps to cover, as in aviation, the soft factor and behavioural education in medicine and to prepare professionals in health care to work as a real team. PMID:15801660

Scheidegger, D

2005-03-01

160

What Is Disability and Who Is Affected by Disability?  

MedlinePLUS

... for persons with disabilities often are similar. Disability is neither inability nor sickness Most persons with disabilities ... key challenges for a person with a disability is to be seen by the public, to be ...

161

Contribution of Chronic Disease to the Burden of Disability  

PubMed Central

Background Population ageing is expected to lead to strong increases in the number of persons with one or more disabilities, which may result in substantial declines in the quality of life. To reduce the burden of disability and to prevent concomitant declines in the quality of life, one of the first steps is to establish which diseases contribute most to the burden. Therefore, this paper aims to determine the contribution of specific diseases to the prevalence of disability and to years lived with disability, and to assess whether large contributions are due to a high disease prevalence or a high disabling impact. Methodology/Principal Findings Data from the Dutch POLS-survey (Permanent Onderzoek Leefsituatie, 2001–2007) were analyzed. Using additive regression and accounting for co-morbidity, the disabling impact of selected chronic diseases was calculated, and the prevalence and years lived with ADL and mobility disabilities were partitioned into contributions of specific disease. Musculoskeletal and cardiovascular disease contributed most to the burden of disability, but chronic non-specific lung disease (males) and diabetes (females) also contributed much. Within the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular disease groups, back pain, peripheral vascular disease and stroke contributed particularly by their high disabling impact. Arthritis and heart disease were less disabling but contributed substantially because of their high prevalence. The disabling impact of diseases was particularly high among persons older than 80. Conclusions/Significance To reduce the burden of disability, the extent diseases such as back pain, peripheral vascular disease and stroke lead to disability should be reduced, particularly among the oldest old. But also moderately disabling diseases with a high prevalence, such as arthritis and heart disease, should be targeted.

Klijs, Bart; Nusselder, Wilma J.; Looman, Caspar W.; Mackenbach, Johan P.

2011-01-01

162

Disability, Social Security  

MedlinePLUS

... Effects of Poliomyelitis for Physicians and Survivors © Disability, Social Security New SSA Ruling for Polio Survivors with "Post-Polio Sequelae" Two Social Security programs provide benefits based on disability. Both ...

163

Aversive Disablism: Subtle Prejudice toward Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Blatant forms of prejudice towards disabled people appear to be disappearing in the UK. However, subtle forms of prejudice remain and may be highly damaging to the achievement of the vision of disabled people being "respected and included as equal members of society". In order to assist placing subtle forms of prejudice within a framework, the…

Deal, Mark

2007-01-01

164

Scaling indices of disablement.  

PubMed Central

Williams et al. (1976) have suggested the use of Guttman scaling for scoring an index of disability. Two examples confirm the applicability of this method in the context of survey research. One of these examples is of a disablement scale widely employed in local authority social services research. For the purpose of survey assessment of disabled populations, the precise choice of scaling method for scoring disability is often of little consequence.

Bebbington, A C

1977-01-01

165

Moving beyond Disability.  

PubMed

Moving beyond Disability was the theme of the 12th World Congress of the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics. This paper is a reflection of one of the keynote lectures discussing the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Multicultural aspects in disability and sexuality in amputees will be discussed within the ICF perspective. Finally, Internet and research in the light of having a disability are positioned within the theme. PMID:18609035

Geertzen, Jan H B

2008-09-01

166

Improving Communication for Mobile Devices in Disaster Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

During disaster response, networks can become overloaded and are susceptible to complete failure in the disaster area. This\\u000a disables mobile communication, hindering response efforts from mobile users. Mobile users make use of various heterogeneous\\u000a devices and require infrastructure to facilitate the communication of distributed information. Communication flow among mobile\\u000a users is disorganized as it is either too strong and hierarchical

Patricia Gómez Bello; Ignacio Aedo; Fausto Sainz; Paloma Díaz; Jennifer Munnelly; Siobhán Clarke

2007-01-01

167

Rural Economies and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the rural economy and the disability community in rural areas can benefit from a recognition that they are mutually dependent. With the decline of rural America, the economic base underpinning all aspects of disability support systems is weakening. In addition, rural disability services often are compartmentalized along functional lines with…

O'Donnell, Dennis

168

Rural Economies and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Both the rural economy and the disability community in rural areas can benefit from a recognition that they are mutually dependent. With the decline of rural America, the economic base underpinning all aspects of disability support systems is weakening. In addition, rural disability services often are compartmentalized along functional lines with…

O'Donnell, Dennis

169

Claiming loss in disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pervasive representations of disability carry associations with the idea of loss. These have been strongly rejected by the social model movement as stereotyping, which may perpetuate views of disabled people as ‘incomplete’, ‘vulnerable’ or needing rehabilitation. Discourses of ‘loss’, ‘acceptance’ and ‘denial’ remain a lens through which disabled persons are misknown. It is posited that ascribed notions of ‘loss’ serve

Brian Watermeyer

2009-01-01

170

Substance Abuse and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature provides the conclusion that individuals with a disability versus those without a disability are more likely to have a substance abuse problem and less likely to get effective treatment. Data suggest 10-40% of all individuals in treatment for substance abuse have a coexisting physical or mental disability. Alcohol rates…

Sales, Amos

171

Chronic Illness and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe some of the unique personal, medical, social, and religious challenges facing people living with chronic illness and disability. Our specific focus involves the connections between suffering, healing, and disability in two religious traditions: Buddhism and Christianity. Two core questions focus our inquiry. First, why are chronic illness and disability often associated with merited suffering in

Darla Y. Schumm; Michael Stoltzfus

2007-01-01

172

Disability Accommodation Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as a resource for two-year college faculty and staff working with students with disabilities, this handbook contains facts about various disabilities, practical suggestions for improving services, and resource points for further information. Following a brief introduction, legal implications regarding disabled students are discussed for…

Flick-Hruska, Connie, Comp.; Blythe, Gretchen, Comp.

173

DISABILITY STATISTICS CENTER  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Disability Statistics Center is to produce and disseminate statistical information on disability and the status of people with disabilities in American society and to establish and monitor indicators of how conditions are changing over time to meet their health...

174

Effects of Exercise on Mobility in Obese and Nonobese Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coupled with an aging society, the rising obesity prevalence is likely to increase the future burden of physical disability. We set out to determine whether obesity modified the effects of a physical activity (PA) intervention designed to prevent mobility disability in older adults. Older adults at risk for disability (N = 424, age range: 70–88 years) were randomized to a

Todd M. Manini; Anne B. Newman; Roger Fielding; Steven N. Blair; Michael G. Perri; Stephen D. Anton; Bret C. Goodpaster; Jeff A. Katula; Walter J. Rejeski; Stephen B. Kritchevsky; Fang-Chi Hsu; Marco Pahor

2010-01-01

175

The "obesity paradox," frailty, disability, and mortality in older men: a prospective, longitudinal cohort study.  

PubMed

An inverse relationship between overweight and mortality (the "obesity paradox") is well documented, but there are scarce data on how body weight during the life course affects this relationship. In the Helsinki Businessmen Study, we examined the effect of weight trajectories on incident disability, frailty, and mortality by stratifying 1,114 men (mean age of 47 years in 1974) into the following 4 groups based on body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) values measured twice, in 1974 and 2000: 1) constantly normal weight (n = 340, reference group); 2) constantly overweight (n = 495); 3) weight gain (n = 136); and 4) weight loss (n = 143). Twelve-year mortality rates (from 2000 to 2012) and frailty and mobility-related disability in late life were determined. Compared with constantly normal weight, weight loss was associated with disability (odds ratio (OR) = 2.4, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1, 4.9) and frailty (OR = 3.7, 95% CI: 1.3, 10.5) in late life. Constant overweight was associated with increased disability (OR = 1.9, 95% CI: 1.1, 3.2). Men with constantly normal weight had the fewest comorbidities in late life (P < 0.001). Higher 12-year mortality rates were observed both with weight loss (hazard ratio = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.3, 2.3) and with constant overweight (hazard ratio = 1.3, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.7). Those with constantly normal weight or weight gain had similar outcomes. We observed no obesity paradox in late life when earlier weight trajectories were taken into account. PMID:24008903

Strandberg, Timo E; Stenholm, Sari; Strandberg, Arto Y; Salomaa, Veikko V; Pitkälä, Kaisu H; Tilvis, Reijo S

2013-09-05

176

[Disabled and handicapped in the Aquitaine region].  

PubMed

An extension of the national survey on health and medical consumption conducted in 1981 on a random sample of the population living at home in Aquitaine used questionnaire on presence of disability and handicap (according to WHO definition). Occupations, mobility, personal care, communication restriction are observed in respectively 10.6, 3.3 and 1.5% of the sample. Because people aged 60 and over are concerned in 60 to more than 80% according disability or handicap dimension, analysis of those was follow up for this only population. Personal and domestic care disabilities are then noted for one out of eight persons, communication disabilities are present among one subject out of twenty. One person out of seven is restricted for mobility and physical independence whereas one out of four was restricted for customary occupations and one out of ten for social relationships. Those aged 75 and over are three of four times more often involved than those aged 60 to 74 with the exception of usual occupations. The 5% of those defined as dependent and nevertheless living alone are the ones that are likely to be institutionalized because of a minor intercurrent health problem. PMID:2934772

Henrard, J C; Ankri, J; Cassou, B; Morel, B; Lelaidier, S

1985-01-01

177

Disability Social History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Disability Social History Project preserves, examines, and shares the history and culture of disabled persons. This community project provides opportunities for people with disabilities to conceptualize a group identity, advocate civil rights, and provide resources that educate the public about disabilities. The four major sections include: a timeline--spanning from 3500 BC to the present--that chronicles events in disability history; a people section offering brief biographies of famous disabled people, including, among others, Harriet Tubman, Franklin Roosevelt, and Frida Kahlo; a News & Events area that posts recent news items, a schedule of arts and cultural events, and a list of conferences and calls for papers; and an annotated webliography directing visitors to related sites. In addition, the proceedings of Changing Borders, a recent meeting of women with disabilities, is also available at the site.

178

DISABILITY AND MARGINAL UTILITY OF INCOME: EVIDENCE FROM HYPOTHETICAL CHOICES.  

PubMed

It is often assumed that disability reduces the marginal utility of income. In this article, individuals' marginal utility of income in two states-(i) paralyzed in both legs from birth and (ii) not mobility impaired at all-is measured through hypothetical choices between imagined lotteries behind a so-called veil of ignorance. The outcomes of the lotteries include both income and disability status. It is found that most people have higher marginal utility when paralyzed than when not mobility impaired at all. The two marginal utilities are evaluated at the same levels of income. Having personal experience of mobility impairment and supporting the Left Party, the Social Democratic Party, the Green Party, or the Liberal Party are associated with having a higher marginal utility when paralyzed. The results suggest that more than full insurance of income losses connected to being disabled is optimal. The results further suggest that, given a utilitarian social welfare function, resources should be transferred to rather than from disabled people. Finally, if the transfers are not large enough to smooth out the marginal utilities of the disabled and the nondisabled, distributional weights based on disability status should be used in cost-benefit analysis. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23532796

Tengstam, Sven

2013-03-27

179

Nickel allergy presenting as mobile phone contact dermatitis.  

PubMed

A 39-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of a treatment-resistant facial dermatitis. The patient regularly used his mobile phone, predominantly on the left cheek. Patch testing confirmed the clinical suspicion of mobile phone contact dermatitis from nickel contained in the phone casing. Although infrequently reported, with the trend towards metallic mobile phone casings and the high incidence of nickel sensitization in the community, the incidence of mobile phone contact dermatitis is likely to increase. PMID:20148836

Roberts, Hugh; Tate, Bruce

2010-02-01

180

Mobile marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reminds us that mobile phones are ubiquitous and a status symbol for young people, so that more traditional media are getting on the act: Emap publishes a number of teenage magazine brands that have mobile databases and regards mobile marketing as a valuable tool, since messages to an opted-in audience are targeted and relevant. Outlines how this interactive system works:

Fiona Jenkins

2006-01-01

181

Repositioning Mothers: Mothers, Disabled Children and Disability Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we set out to review the ways in which mothers of disabled children have been portrayed within disability studies and the more broader academic literature. We argue that within disability studies mothers of disabled children occupy a liminal position because they are often not disabled and yet they can experience forms of…

Ryan, Sara; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2008-01-01

182

Feminist disability theory: domestic violence against women with a disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women with a disability continue to experience social oppression and domestic violence as a consequence of gender and disability dimensions. Current explanations of domestic violence and disability inadequately explain several features that lead women who have a disability to experience violent situations. This article incorporates both disability and material feminist theory as an alternative explanation to the dominant approaches (psychological

Jennifer M. Mays

2006-01-01

183

Adaptive computing for people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Adaptive computing is a relatively new area, and little has been written in the nursing literature on the topic. "Adaptive computing" refers to the professional services and the technology (both hardware and software) that make computing technology accessible for persons with disabilities. Nurses in many settings such as schools, industry, rehabilitation facilities, and the community, can use knowledge of adaptive computing as they counsel, advise, and advocate for people with disabilities. Nurses with an awareness and knowledge of adaptive computing will be better able to promote high-level wellness for individuals with disabilities, thus maximizing their potential for an active fulfilling life. People with different types of disabilities, including visual, mobility, hearing, learning, communication disorders and acquired brain injuries may benefit from computer adaptations. Disabled people encounter barriers to computing in six major areas: 1) the environment, 2) data entry, 3) information output, 4) technical documentation, 5) support, and 6) training. After a discussion of these barriers, the criteria for selecting appropriate adaptations and selected examples of adaptations are presented. Several cases studies illustrate the evaluation process and the development of adaptive computer solutions. PMID:8082064

Merrow, S L; Corbett, C D

184

Filicide-suicide involving children with disabilities.  

PubMed

Filicide-suicide, or murder of a child by a parent followed by suicide, has an unknown incidence in both the general and disabled population. As there is no national database, the authors examined known associated factors and newspaper reports to characterize filicide-suicide victims and perpetrators involving children with disabilities. A newspaper search was conducted using LexisNexis and NewsBank: Access World News databases through the University of California, Irvine Library's Web site. Age, gender of child and parent, method used, and diagnoses of parent and child were recorded. Twenty-two news articles were found describing a total of 26 disabled children as victims of filicide-suicide between 1982 and 2010. Eighty-one percent of children killed were male, and 54% were autistic. Thirty percent of perpetrators had a reported mental illness. Male children or children with autism may be at risk for filicide-suicide, but accurate record keeping is needed to determine the incidence and risk factors and aid in its prevention in the disabled population. PMID:22826515

Coorg, Rohini; Tournay, Anne

2012-07-22

185

Injuries and Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children and adults with disabilities are at an increased risk of injury. Falls are the leading mechanism of injury regardless of the disability status and are even more common in those with moderate or severe disabilities. The setting for the injury differs with the disability status. Compared to individuals with moderate or no disabilities,…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Chaudhry, Ramiz A.

2009-01-01

186

"So Much Potential in Reading!" Developing Meaningful Literacy Routines for Students with Multiple Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children with multiple disabilities, often experience challenges in communication, mobility, and learning. Despite these challenges, substantial research exists that documents successful educational methods and strategies for these students. Specifically, students with multiple disabilities have successfully been taught to use a voice output…

Fenlon, Amanda G.; McNabb, Jessica; Pidlypchak, Harmony

2010-01-01

187

"Is There Anybody Here Who's Perfect?" An Educator's Guide to Understanding People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom ideas and resource information for teachers in the areas of visual, hearing, and mobility impairments; developmental handicaps; and mental illness are presented. For each disability three topics of discussion are introduced to help the student understand individuals who have the disability. The first discussion area deals with the…

Goldblatt, Ann

188

Support for Students with Disabilities in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing services for students with disabilities, it is important to emphasize that this term encompasses a variety of physical and cognitive challenges faced by individuals, including learning disabilities such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), mobility impairment, hearing/visual…

Zarkesh, Maryam

2004-01-01

189

Disability and Democracy in Cambodia: An Integrative Approach to Community Building and Civic Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The political framework through which the various communities of disabled persons in Cambodia advocate for and claim their rights is complex and confusing. Both governmental and non-governmental actors engage this political framework through the mobilization of persons from the various disabled communities, competing in the civic sphere through…

Zook, Darren C.

2010-01-01

190

Reasonable Accommodations: A Faculty Guide to Teaching College Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook is designed to provide City University of New York faculty with practical information and suggestions to help them meet the needs of disabled students in their classrooms. An overview on teaching students with disabilities is provided, followed by discussions of specific topics including coping with mobility and hand-function…

Professional Staff Congress of the City Univ. of New York, NY.

191

Disability and Democracy in Cambodia: An Integrative Approach to Community Building and Civic Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The political framework through which the various communities of disabled persons in Cambodia advocate for and claim their rights is complex and confusing. Both governmental and non-governmental actors engage this political framework through the mobilization of persons from the various disabled communities, competing in the civic sphere through…

Zook, Darren C.

2010-01-01

192

Charting the progression of disability in parkinson disease: study protocol for a prospective longitudinal cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: People with Parkinson disease (PD), even in the presence of symptomatic relief from medical, surgical, and rehabilitative interventions, face a persistent worsening of disability. This disability is characterized by diminished quality of life, reduced functional mobility, declining performance in activities of daily living and worsening neurological impairments. While evidence has emerged supporting the clinically meaningful benefits of short-term exercise

Leland E Dibble; James T Cavanaugh; Gammon M Earhart; Terry D Ellis; Matthew P Ford; Kenneth B Foreman

2010-01-01

193

A Wheelchair User with Visual and Intellectual Disabilities Managing Simple Orientation Technology for Indoor Travel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Persons with profound visual impairments and other disabilities, such as neuromotor and intellectual disabilities, may encounter serious orientation and mobility problems even in familiar indoor environments, such as their homes. Teaching these persons to develop maps of their daily environment, using miniature replicas of the areas or some…

Lancioni, Giulio E.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Campodonico, Francesca; Oliva, Doretta

2009-01-01

194

Approach to learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning\\u000a disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create\\u000a a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia\\u000a denote the problem related to reading, writing

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sarika Kalantre; Shubhangi Upadhye; Sunil Karande; Sanjeev Ahuja

2001-01-01

195

Disability: a welfarist approach.  

PubMed

In this paper, we offer a new account of disability. According to our account, some state of a person's biology or psychology is a disability if that state makes it more likely that a person's life will get worse, in terms of his or her own wellbeing, in a given set of social and environmental circumstances. Unlike the medical model of disability, our welfarist approach does not tie disability to deviation from normal species' functioning, nor does it understand disability in essentialist terms. Like the social model of disability, the welfarist approach sees disability as a harmful state that results from the interaction between a person's biology and psychology and his or her surrounding environment. However, unlike the social model, it denies that the harm associated with disability is entirely due to social prejudice or injustice. In this paper, we outline and clarify the welfarist approach, answer common objections and illustrate its usefulness in addressing a range of difficult ethical questions involving disability. PMID:22140353

Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

2011-03-01

196

Culture and Disability Behavior  

PubMed Central

A substantial amount of literature suggests that illness behavior in the United States is a product of a patient's core culture; equally credible findings do not support this contention. Most students and graduates in the health care professions believe that illness and disability behavior are affected by a patient's culture, but they are hard put to find convincing examples of that relationship. In experience with medical students studying the social and cultural bases of illness behavior, with patients who are disabled and with persons who claim disability in the absence of physical disease or disabling psychopathology, I observed no deviant disability behavior that was typical for the members of any cultural group, and no behavior was displayed by the members of one cultural group that was not seen in members of other cultural groups. No cultural stereotypes were upheld. I did find evidence that disability behavior is influenced by personality factors, social situations and the gains derived from the disability status. Evolving concepts of “entitlement,” which are closely related to socioeconomic status, also have a significant influence. The impact of feedback from others in a person's many social and medical subcultures is a more crucial determinant of illness and disability behavior, except in those for whom illness and disability behavior is determined by the limitations imposed by the disease or by a personality structure resistant to cultural expectations and social feedback.

Brodsky, Carroll M.

1983-01-01

197

Helping Children Understand Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program described uses simulation activities; exposure to aids and appliances; guest speakers; books, movies, slides, and videotapes; and class discussion to help elementary students understand disabilities. (IRT)

Zakariya, Sally Banks

1978-01-01

198

Disability and dignity-enabling home environments.  

PubMed

In Canada where long-term care is primarily oriented to elderly persons and affordable accessible housing is limited, younger disabled adults may be living in circumstances that do not meet their health needs and contribute to their social exclusion. The purpose of this study was to undertake an ethical analysis of what constitute an 'adequate' home environment for adults with significant mobility disabilities. An integrated design was used that combined qualitative interviews with normative ethical analysis in an iterative process. Twenty interviews with 19 participants were conducted in Ontario, Canada with two groups: younger adults (ages 18-55) with mobility disabilities and 'decision-makers' who consisted of policy makers, program administrators and discharge planners. Data were analyzed using a critical disability ethics approach and processes of reflective equilibrium. Drawing on Nora Jacobson's (Jacobson, 2009) taxonomy of dignity and pluralistic approaches to social justice, the concept of 'social dignity' provides a lens for exploring the adequacy of home environments for disabled people. Analyses suggested seven threshold conditions necessary for a dignity-enabling home: the ability to form and sustain meaningful relationships; access to community and civic life; access to control and flexibility of daily activities; access to opportunities for self-expression and identity affirmation; access to respectful relationships with attendants; access to opportunities to participate in school, work or leisure; access to physical, psychological and ontological security. The results have implications for housing, health and social care policies, and political reform. Social dignity provides a normative ethical grounding for assessing the adequacy of home environments. The threshold elements outline specific dignity-enabling conditions that are open to further specification or elaboration in different contexts. PMID:22142787

Gibson, Barbara E; Secker, Barbara; Rolfe, Debbie; Wagner, Frank; Parke, Bob; Mistry, Bhavnita

2011-11-18

199

People with Disabilities: Living Healthy  

MedlinePLUS

... to... Añadir en... Favorites Delicious Digg Google Bookmarks People with Disabilities: Living Healthy If you are living ... the health and wellness of people with disabilities Person with Disability: Make Sure You are Getting the ...

200

Disability and Health: Healthy Living  

MedlinePLUS

... the Health and Wellness of Persons with Disabilities Health care reform for Americans with disabilities: Learn more about the Affordable Care Act . Getting the Best Possible Health Care People with disabilities must get the care ...

201

Mobile Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We point out the different performance problems that need to be addressed when considering mobility in IP networks. We also\\u000a define the reference architecture and present a framework to classify the different solutions for mobility management in IP\\u000a networks. The performance of the major candidate micro-mobility solutions is evaluated for both real-time (UDP) and data (TCP)\\u000a traffic through simulation and

Chris Blondia; Nik Van Den Wijngaert; Gert Willems; Olga Casals; Llorenç Cerdà; Marcelo Bagnulo; Ignacio Soto

2003-01-01

202

Disability, poverty and development.  

PubMed

Disability is both a cause and consequence of poverty. Eliminating world poverty is unlikely to be achieved unless the rights and needs of people with disabilities are taken into account. According to the United Nations, one person in 20 has a disability. More than three out of four of these live in a developing country. More often than not they are among the poorest of the poor. Recent World Bank estimates suggest they may account for as many as one in five of the world's poorest. Disability limits access to education and employment, and leads to economic and social exclusion. Poor people with disabilities are caught in a vicious cycle of poverty and disability, each being both a cause and a consequence of the other. A large proportion of disability is preventable. Achieving the international development targets for economic, social and human development will undoubtedly reduce the levels of disability in many poor countries. However, general improvements in living conditions will not be enough. Specific steps are still required, not only for prevention, but also to ensure that people with disabilities are able to participate fully in the development process, obtain a fair share of the benefits, and claim their rights as full and equal members of society. An integrated approach is required, linking prevention and rehabilitation with empowerment strategies and changes in attitudes. This paper assesses the significance of disability as a key development issue, and its importance in relation to poverty, human rights, and the achievement of internationally agreed development targets. It also sets out ways in which development co-operation, including DFID's own work, can help incorporate the rights and needs of people with disabilities into the mainstream of poverty reduction work and the achievement of human rights. PMID:12221831

2002-01-01

203

Neurodevelopmental Disabilities: Introduction and Epidemiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Developmental disabilities or neurodevelopmental disabilities (include intellectual disability) are a diverse group of chronic\\u000a disorders that begin at anytime during the development process (including conception, birth, and growth) up to 22 years of\\u000a age and last throughout an individual’s lifetime. Major disabilities include intellectual disability, learning disabilities,\\u000a communication disorders, autism spectrum disorders, cerebral palsy, and neural tube defects. This chapter

Dilip R. Patel; Joav Merrick

204

Age-Related Impairments of Mobility Associated with Cobalt and Other Heavy Metals: Data from NHANES 1999–2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to heavy metals promotes oxidative stress and damage to cellular components, and may accelerate age-related disease and disability. Physical mobility is a validated biomarker of age-related disability and is predictive of hospitalization and mortality. Our study examined associations between selected heavy metals and impaired lower limb mobility in a representative older human population. Data for 1615 adults aged ?60

Iain A. Lang; Alan Scarlett; Jack M. Guralnik; Michael H. Depledge; David Melzer; Tamara S. Galloway

2009-01-01

205

Disciplining Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discipline in schools can be difficult, especially when dealing with students with disabilities. In fact, Clash (2006) reported that working with students with disabilities under stringent legal demands has become a source of stress for many principals. The typical principal has not received extensive preservice or inservice training in this…

Burton, Janieth

2012-01-01

206

Disciplining Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent amendments to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) provide school officials with increased flexibility to address infractions committed by handicapped students. If a conduct code pertaining to all students has been violated, a district may suspend or place a disabled student in an alternative setting for up to 10 days. (MLH)

Essex, Nathan L.

1999-01-01

207

Understanding Writing Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review of the literature looks at writing disabilities in the context of special education services provided within regular classrooms. A definition of learning disabilities as well as a discussion of effects of left and right brain dominance and of the steps of the writing process begin the paper. Among the findings of the research…

Duer, Jacqueline M.

208

Learning about Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes lessons provided for regular class elementary students to help them understand disabilities and disabled persons. Objectives, materials needed, and activities are outlined for six lessons focusing on the following topics: individual differences, wheelchairs; devices that help people walk; amputation, artificial limbs, and…

Popp, Rita Ann

1983-01-01

209

Dads and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This theme issue focuses on the relationship of fathers and their children with disabilities. It reports a study of 86 Kansas fathers of children (ages 5 to 8) with and without disabilities. The study was conducted in order to identify more options for fathers wishing to increase their involvement with their children. The study sent surveys of…

Higgins, Cindy, Ed.

1995-01-01

210

Disability: A Pacific Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a personal perspective about the disability issues within the Cook Islands. It looks at how the needs of children and adults with disabilities have been addressed over the years and the vision of many people who have worked towards building an inclusive society, starting with mainstreaming in the schools to full inclusion. It…

Smith, Donna

2008-01-01

211

Transporting Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the 1973 Rehabilitation Act (Section 504) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, school districts must transport students with disabilities to a site providing a free, appropriate education in the least restrictive environment. This article discusses federal and state laws governing student transportation, including wheelchair…

Mawdsley, Ralph D.

1998-01-01

212

Dads and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue focuses on the relationship of fathers and their children with disabilities. It reports a study of 86 Kansas fathers of children (ages 5 to 8) with and without disabilities. The study was conducted in order to identify more options for fathers wishing to increase their involvement with their children. The study sent surveys of…

Higgins, Cindy, Ed.

1995-01-01

213

Sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities: prevention strategies for clinical practice.  

PubMed

Sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities occurs in alarming proportions, although the prevalence and incidence of such abuse is difficult to determine. Although all states maintain statistics on child sexual abuse, the rate of victimization for individuals with disabilities is not specific. This paper reviews several studies conducted on sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities with a focus on clinical prevention strategies. Recommendations for future directions in prevention and research are provided. PMID:22809045

McEachern, Adriana G

2012-01-01

214

Interaction between Multiply Disabled Children and the Computer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project was carried out to study the interaction between multiple disabled children and the computer and to evaluate the effects of technical aids on the social competence. All children had problems with communication in the field of mobility or speec...

A. Tammela

1994-01-01

215

Virtual reality for putting people with disabilities in control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual reality technology offers a number of useful possibilities for people with disabilities. An obvious application is for those who face mobility problems to navigate around a virtual environment with minimal physical movement, allowing someone with limited motor ability the opportunity to explore virtual spaces with the same freedom of someone without physical impairments. This has implications for educational and

Norman Alm; John L. Arnott; Iain R. Murray; Iain Buchanan

1998-01-01

216

Notions of Self: Lived Realities of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To research children's notions of self, semi-structured interviews, drawings and focused group discussions were used with 14 children with mobility "impairments" aged 11-16 years. The objective was to capture children's "lived realities". Findings illuminated immense variation and fluidity in children's understanding of "disability". Children…

Singh, Vanessa; Ghai, Anita

2009-01-01

217

Why Is Technology Access for Students with Disabilities Important?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What barriers impede students with disabilities when they use technology? Even when they use assistive technology, such as screen readers, students with vision, hearing and mobility impairments often have difficulty accessing instructional materials used in online courses, Web resources, simulations and online interactions with instructors. For…

Griffin, Dianne

2004-01-01

218

Notions of Self: Lived Realities of Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To research children's notions of self, semi-structured interviews, drawings and focused group discussions were used with 14 children with mobility "impairments" aged 11-16 years. The objective was to capture children's "lived realities". Findings illuminated immense variation and fluidity in children's understanding of "disability". Children…

Singh, Vanessa; Ghai, Anita

2009-01-01

219

Research into Telecommunications Options for People with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People with a disability do not have equitable access to the modern telecommunication medium. Many experience difficulty typing, handling the phone, dialing, or answering calls. For those who are unable to speak, the only option is to type messages using whatever functional control site exists on their body. The provision of accessible mobile

Nguyen, Toan; Garrett, Rob; Downing, Andrew; Walker, Lloyd; Hobbs, David

2007-01-01

220

EBSCOhost Mobile  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosive growth in mobile technology coupled with widespread adoption among students, librarians, medical professionals, and corporate users means that research database providers need to be where the users are. EBSCO host Mobile was designed and developed to provide EBSCO host database users with a platform that makes the power of EBSCO host and its content highly accessible on the

Ron Burns; Sara Rofofsky Marcus

2010-01-01

221

PBSC mobilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intentional recruitment of hematopoietic stem cells from bone marrow to peripheral blood is a clinical process termed peripheral blood stem cell (PSBC) mobilization. Mobilized PSBC has replaced bone marrow as the preferred source of stem cells for pateints undergoing high-dose chemotherapy because of rapid and durable engraftment and reconstitution of functional bone marrow. Although the mechanism involved in the process

Kunihiko Takeyama; Hitoshi Ohto

2004-01-01

222

Performance of Learning Disabled and Normal Adolescents on the Clinical Evaluation of Language Functions (CELF)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clinical Evaluation of Language Functions (CELF) was administered to 21 learning disabled and 21 matched normal adolescents. One subtest yielded significant differences between the two grops when both raw scores and pass-fall incidence were compared. Production subtests, as a whole, were failed more often by the learning disabled subjects than by the normal subjects; this waxs not true of

Susan C. Parker; Joan D. Berryman

1982-01-01

223

Mount Sinai Hospital Dental Program for Persons with Disabilities: Role in Undergraduate Dental Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to dental care for persons with special needs or disabilities continues to be a problem. This population is known to have a high incidence of dental disease, but unfortunately oral health is a significant unmet health need in many cases. To address this need, the Mount Sinai Hospital Dental Program for Persons with Disabilities was developed over 30 years

Michael J. Sigal; Dip Paed

2010-01-01

224

Note-Taking Techniques for Students with Disabilities: A Systematic Review of the Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a synthesis of note-taking research among students with learning disabilities or other high-incidence disabilities. A search of the professional literature between 1980 and 2010 yielded nine intervention studies, which were evaluated either in terms of effect size or percentage of nonoverlapping data. The studies examined…

Boyle, Joseph R.; Rivera, Tina Z.

2012-01-01

225

Sexual Abuse of Individuals with Disabilities: Prevention Strategies for Clinical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities occurs in alarming proportions, although the prevalence and incidence of such abuse is difficult to determine. Although all states maintain statistics on child sexual abuse, the rate of victimization for individuals with disabilities is not specific. This paper reviews several studies conducted on…

McEachern, Adriana G.

2012-01-01

226

76 FR 33744 - Final Priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Disability...funding priority for the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers...

2011-06-09

227

Disability studies, disabled people and the struggle for inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the relationship between the emergence of disability studies and the struggle for meaningful inclusion for disabled people with particular reference to the work of a pivotal figure in these developments: Len Barton. It is argued that the links between disability activism and the academy were responsible for the emergence of disability studies and that this has had

Mike Oliver; Colin Barnes

2010-01-01

228

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): The Definition of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

[From Summary] The threshold issue in any Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) case is whether the individual alleging discrimination is an individual with a disability. The ADA definition is a functional one and does not list specific disabilities. It defines the term disability with respect to an individual as \\

Nancy Lee Jones

2006-01-01

229

Family Environment and Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students with Mild Additional Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national survey of teachers of deaf and hard-of-hearing students was conducted to determine the incidence and characteristics of dysfunctional family background among deaf and hard-of-hearing students with mild additional disabilities. The results of the survey indicated that there is a higher incidence of dysfunctional family environment among deaf and hard-of-hearing students with mild additional disabilities than among deaf and

Ann R. Powers; Raymond N. Elliott; Debra Patterson; Sharon Shaw; Carmen Taylor

1995-01-01

230

A Review of Balance and Gait Capacities in Relation to Falls in Persons with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Limitations in mobility are common in persons with intellectual disabilities (ID). As balance and gait capacities are key aspects of mobility, the prevalence of balance and gait problems is also expected to be high in this population. The objective of this study was to critically review the available literature on balance and gait characteristics…

Enkelaar, Lotte; Smulders, Ellen; van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, Henny; Geurts, Alexander C. H.; Weerdesteyn, Vivian

2012-01-01

231

Limited joint mobility in Type I diabetes mellitus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-two of 115 patients with Type I (insulin dependent) diabetes were found to have limited joint mobility affecting mainly the small joints of the hands. The presence of joint abnormalities was related to duration of diabetes. Patients with limited joint mobility had a significantly higher incidence of proliferative retinopathy than patients with normal joint mobility and a similar duration of

Laurence Kennedy; Desmond B. Archer; Sarah L. Campbell; Rosalind Beacom; Dennis J. Carson; Patrick B. Johnston; Charles J. Maguire

1982-01-01

232

Generalist Genes and Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevant genes are largely general rather than specific. This research suggests that most genes associated with common learning disabilities—language impairment, reading disability, and mathematics disability—are generalists in 3 ways. First, genes that affect

Robert Plomin; Yulia Kovas

2005-01-01

233

Reflections on Growing Up Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The book offers firsthand accounts of the experiences and perceptions of disabled persons, as well as the views of parents of disabled children. Entries include the following titles: "Reflections of Disabled Children" (J. Umbreit and D. Baker); "The Handicap That Had No Name" (D. Brown); "Orthopedically Disabled: Determination on Wheels" (D.…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

234

Paralympic Athletes and “Knowing Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores non-disabled young people’s understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and value of capital afforded to Paralympic athletes and

Hayley Fitzgerald

2012-01-01

235

The Excessive Appearance of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper engages the appearance of disability in contemporary Western culture. Rather than taking disability for granted as a biomedical condition, I interrogate how disability is made to appear in our culture, including its appearance as a biomedical condition. Fundamentally, disability appears to us as a trouble and, as such, cultural…

Michalko, Rod

2009-01-01

236

From a Consideration of Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a consideration of disability, the body as a training ground for virtue asks questions of ability and disability, of the body, and of the training for virtue. The first question locates and challenges the social construction of disability that distinguishes disabled from nondisabled people. The second question explores the virtues of nurture and fidelity as those excellences that are

M. J. Iozzio

2000-01-01

237

Chinese disability independent living policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite strong statements on disability rights in Chinese legislation since 1990, independent living policy as experienced by disabled people falls short of the social inclusion goals expected from such a policy commitment. Analysis of empirical research about disabled people's experiences shows that responsibility for independent living rests primarily with disabled people and their families. Only when they have no family

Karen Fisher; Li Jing

2008-01-01

238

Disability, disorder, and identity.  

PubMed

The World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the ICD has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field, requiring that all "conditions" in the ICD be named as a "disorder." This article discusses the effect of naming on how people with intellectual disability are perceived by others and how they perceive themselves. The importance of continuing to move the field toward the adoption of functional/person-environment fit models of disability is discussed. PMID:23537360

Wehmeyer, Michael L

2013-04-01

239

Sexual rights and disability.  

PubMed

This paper argues against Appel's recent proposal-in this journal-that there is a fundamental human right to sexual pleasure, and that therefore the sexual pleasure of severely disabled people should be publicly funded-by thereby partially legalising prostitution. An alternative is proposed that does not need to pose a new positive human right; does not need public funding; does not need the legalisation of prostitution; and that would offer a better experience to the severely disabled: charitable non-profit organisations whose members would voluntarily and freely provide sexual pleasure to the severely disabled. PMID:21059634

Di Nucci, Ezio

2010-11-08

240

Modeling Mobility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In wireless networks, communication can take place based on an infrastructure (e.g. WLAN access point or GPRS base station) or it can take place in adhoc mode, where mobile devices are connected directly to each other and care for the routing by themselves (mobile ad-hoc networks). When such wireless networks are investigated and simulations are performed, it is often necessary to consider the movement of entities within the simulated environment.

Berl, Andras

241

Approach to learning disability.  

PubMed

Learning disabilities (LD) is one of the important causes of poor academic performance in school going children. Learning disabilities are developmental disorders that usually manifest during the period of normal education. These disabilities create a significant gap between the true potential and day to day performance of an individual. Dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia denote the problem related to reading, writing and mathematics. Perinatal problems are certain neurological conditions, known to be associated with LD; however, genetic predisposition seems to be the most probable etiological factors. Evaluation of a child suspected to be having LD consists of medical examination, vision and hearing test analysis of school performance. The psycho-behaviour assessment and education testing are essential in the process of diagnosis. The experienced persons in the field of LD should interpret the results of such tests. With Individualized Remedial Education Plan (IEP) most children learn to cope up with disability and may get integrated in a regular steam. PMID:11450386

Kulkarni, M; Kalantre, S; Upadhye, S; Karande, S; Ahuja, S

2001-06-01

242

Intimacy and Disability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication was designed as a guide for disabled people who are interested in developing and maintaining intimate relationships. It discusses self-image, body image, sexuality, meeting prospective partners, developing intimate relationships, and explo...

1982-01-01

243

Developmental Disabilities Issue Paper.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The problems in analyzing development disabilities (DD) service needs in the Agassiz health service area are presented. (1) Limited information is available on the DD population. (2) The service inventories provide limited information on the number of DD ...

1981-01-01

244

What Are Learning Disabilities?  

MedlinePLUS

... to say correctly and consistently. 10 Central auditory processing disorder. People with this condition have trouble understanding and ... Disabilities Association of America. (n.d.). Central auditory processing disorder . Retrieved June 15, 2012, from http://www.ldaamerica. ...

245

Facts about Developmental Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... day functioning, and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime. 1 Developmental Milestones Skills such as taking a ... developmental period and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime. Most developmental disabilities begin before a baby is ...

246

Evaluating respiratory patient disability.  

PubMed

The evaluation of the disabilities of patients with respiratory disease is regulated by the Spanish Ministry of Labor and Social Security, as are disabilities of any other type. We believe, however, that in respiratory pathologies this evaluation is especially complicated because, as they are chronic processes, they inter-relate with other systems. Furthermore, they tend to have occasional exacerbations; therefore, normal periods may alternate with other periods of important functional limitations. The present document arises from the desire of SEPAR to update this topic and to respond to the requests of respiratory disease patient associations who have asked us to do so. In this paper, we analyze the current situation of work disability legislation as well as the determination of degrees and percentages, including the current criteria for assigning disabilities due to respiratory tract deficiencies. Lastly, we propose work guidelines that would improve the existing scenario and outline this evaluation for specific pathologies. PMID:22341300

Ruiz Manzano, Juan; Alfageme Michavila, Inmaculada; Chiner Vives, Eusebi; Martínez González, Cristina

2012-02-16

247

DisabilityInfo.gov  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On August 28, 2002, President George W. Bush issued an executive memorandum as part of the New Freedom Initiative that directed all federal agencies to cooperate in building an interagency Web portal for people with disabilities, their families, employers, and the general public. As a result of this directive, DisabilityInfo.gov was developed to service these different groups. The site is divided into ten broad thematic areas, including housing, education, health, technology, and civil rights. Within each area, visitors can look through a number of press releases and links dealing with each area and, in many cases, specifically addressing the rights of the disabled. The site includes a search engine and, appropriately enough, is also available in several different versions, including a high-contrast version. Finally, the site also contains a number of federal grant opportunities for persons and organizations serving and working on behalf of the disabled.

248

An Exploration of Community Learning Disability Nurses' Therapeutic Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This literature review and primary qualitative research explores therapeutic role from the perspective of Community Learning Disability Nurses. Semi-structured interviews, based on Critical Incident Technique ("Psychol Bull", 51, 1954, 327), and descriptive phenomenological methodology were adopted to elicit data amenable to systematic content…

Marsham, Marian

2012-01-01

249

Grading Students with Significant Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: Teacher Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study describes teacher (K-12) opinions and practices related to grading and providing modified instruction, assignments, and assessments for students with low-incidence disabilities in inclusive settings. One hundred and thirty nine teachers working in K-12 inclusive schools in Arizona and California completed an on-line survey…

Kurth, Jennifer; Gross, Megan; Lovinger, Stephanie; Catalano, Tammy

2012-01-01

250

Dental Disease: A Continuing Education Problem for the Disabled Individual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author cites the incidence and types of dental diseases among disabled persons; discusses such contributing factors as low income and absence of comprehensive dental services; and describes a low-cost model interdisciplinary dental hygiene program involving special education, rehabilitation, and dentistry. (MC)

Callahan, William P.

1983-01-01

251

Injury and Disability in Matched Men's and Women's Intercollegiate Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studied eight matched men's and women's intercollegiate teams for one year to determine the incidence of athletic injury and disability. Found no gender differences except in gymnastics, in which certain events may account for the greater rate of injuries and longer recovery time among female subjects. (DM)|

Lanese, Richard R.; And Others

1990-01-01

252

Maltreatment and Disabilities: A Population-based Epidemiological Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reviewed merged records of children (N=40,211, 3,262 disabled) in Omaha, Nebraska, during 1994-95. An electronic merger of school records with child abuse, foster care, and police records was followed by a review of maltreatment incidents. Findings indicated a 9 percent prevalence rate of maltreatment for nondisabled children and a 31…

Sullivan, Patricia M.; Knutson, John F.

2000-01-01

253

Vitamin D and Fractures in People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: People with intellectual disability (ID) are thought to be at an increased risk of fractures. The extent of this increase in risk has been incompletely documented in the literature, and the underlying reasons remain to be elucidated. Methods: The aims of our study were to document the vitamin D status and fracture incidence in an…

Vanlint, S.; Nugent, M.

2006-01-01

254

Ergonomic Job Design to Accommodate and Prevent Musculoskeletal Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) account for a major portion of the cost of work-related injury and illness in the United States. Many of these injuries and illnesses lead to temporary or permanent disability. It is generally accepted that the incidence of MSDs increases when the demands of the job exceed the capabilities of the worker. As the workforce ages and

Thomas R. Waters; Leslie A. MacDonald

2001-01-01

255

Drugs, discrimination and disability.  

PubMed

Whether addiction to prohibited drugs should be classified as a disability for the purposes of disability discrimination is a controversial question in Australia. The leading Australian case of Marsden v Human Rights Equal Opportunity Commission & Coffs Harbour & District Ex-Servicemen & Women's Memorial Club Ltd (HREOC, No H98/51, 30 August 1999); [2000] FCA 1619 concerned a disability discrimination complaint brought by Mr Marsden as a result of his treatment by the club. The case was brought as a public interest test case by the New South Wales Legal Aid Commission. Mr Marsden was on a methadone program at the time. The reasoning of the decision at the Federal Court opened the way for a finding that dependence on illegal drugs constituted a disability under disability discrimination legislation. The media reaction to the court's decision led to State and federal governments proposing legislation limiting legal protection from discrimination for people addicted to illegal drugs on the basis of their drug use. While the proposed federal legislation lapsed after objections from a coalition of medical, legal and other advocacy groups, the New South Wales legislation still provides that, in employment matters, it is not unlawful to discriminate against a person on the ground of disability if the disability relates to the person's addiction to a prohibited drug and the person is actually addicted to a prohibited drug at the time of the discrimination. The article details the sequence of events in the Marsden case, reflects on the role of public interest litigation in achieving social justice outcomes and suggests that Australia's recent ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 17 July 2008 should encourage legislators to review legislation which may have a discriminatory effect on people suffering from addictions. PMID:20169800

Gibson, Frances

2009-12-01

256

Depression and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In some lights, the connection between depression and disability seems almost commonsensical and obvious. But empirical data\\u000a on the nature of this relationship suggest that the links between the two are surprisingly subtle and complex. This chapter\\u000a has recommended a number of analytic strategies that could be useful to clarifying these relationships. Given the heterogeneity\\u000a of both depression and disability,

Martha L. Bruce

257

Exploring the health of women with mobility impairments.  

PubMed

This study examined health surveys of 109 midwestern women (mean age 44.6 +/- 8.2 years) with impaired mobility to determine whether mobility impairment severity was related to self-reported health, health care use, and engaging in health behaviors. The study also assessed which health factors were associated with pain. Women with severe mobility impairments reported poorer physical functioning, but better mental health than less severely impaired women after controlling for age, disability duration, and/or bodily pain. Degree of mobility impairment level was not significantly related to health behaviors, except having a checkup in the past year; more moderately impaired women reported these visits than mildly impaired women. Furthermore, pain was significantly associated with social functioning, general health, and secondary conditions. The findings suggest that factors beyond impairment level, such as pain, age, and disability duration, are related to the health of mobility-impaired women. PMID:18843838

Froehlich-Grobe, Katherine; Figoni, Stephen F; Thompson, Christian; White, Glen W

2008-01-01

258

Mortality and disability among cotton mill workers.  

PubMed Central

The mortality and disability of cotton mill workers were studied in five Finnish cotton mills. The population under study comprised all 1065 women exposed to raw cotton dust who had been hired between 1950 and 1971. The minimum exposure period was five years. For the study on disability, the cohort was followed up until the end of 1981. The follow up period for the mortality analysis was from 1950 to 1985. At the end of 1981 the observed number of prevalent disability pensions for respiratory disease was 15, whereas 3.9 were expected (p less than 0.01) on the basis of the national figures for women. There were 46 musculoskeletal diseases (27.7 expected, p less than 0.01), of which 24 were osteoarthritis (14.5 expected) and 13 rheumatoid arthritis (6.6 expected). The incidence rates of disability pensions were calculated for the period 1969-81. Comparison of incidence rates between cotton mill workers and the Finnish female population showed excessive rates for both respiratory diseases (p less than 0.001) and musculoskeletal diseases (p less than 0.01), with an excess of new cases of rheumatoid arthritis (p less than 0.05). By the end of 1985 the number of person-years was 31,678 and the number of deaths 95. The standardised mortality ratios for the total period of follow up (1950-85) showed no excess for respiratory diseases. Mortality from cardiovascular diseases was also lower than expected. The observed number of tumours was 33, the corresponding expected number 32.0. Thirteen tumours were in the digestive organs (6.6 expected, p<0.05) and three were lung cancers (1.9 expected). Five workers had died from renal disease; the expected number was 1.5 (p<0.05).

Koskela, R S; Klockars, M; Jarvinen, E

1990-01-01

259

Part of Your General Public Is Disabled. A Handbook for Guides in Museums, Zoos, and Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed to docents, the manual presents general guidelines for making public tours of museums, historic buildings, and zoos more accessible to handicapped persons. Information on eight major disability groups is provided (mental retardation, learning disabilities, hearing impairments, visual handicaps, mobility impairments, cerebral palsy,…

Majewski, Janice

260

Part of Your General Public Is Disabled. A Handbook for Guides in Museums, Zoos, and Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addressed to docents, the manual presents general guidelines for making public tours of museums, historic buildings, and zoos more accessible to handicapped persons. Information on eight major disability groups is provided (mental retardation, learning disabilities, hearing impairments, visual handicaps, mobility impairments, cerebral palsy,…

Majewski, Janice

261

Accuracy and Precision of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Computer-Adaptive Tests (PEDI-CAT)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aim: The aims of the study were to: (1) build new item banks for a revised version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) with four content domains: daily activities, mobility, social/cognitive, and responsibility; and (2) use post-hoc simulations based on the combined normative and disability calibration samples to assess the…

Haley, Stephen M.; Coster, Wendy J.; Dumas, Helene M.; Fragala-Pinkham, Maria A.; Kramer, Jessica; Ni, Pengsheng; Tian, Feng; Kao, Ying-Chia; Moed, Rich; Ludlow, Larry H.

2011-01-01

262

Peripheral arterial disease and disability from NHANES 2001-2004 data.  

PubMed

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can lead to long-term disability, but diagnosis frequently occurs late in the process. The purpose was to study the relationship between severity of PAD and disability (health-related quality of life), using a national sample (NHANES 2001-2004). A cross-sectional design examined 4559 adults age 40 and over. An ankle-brachial index (ABI) measured PAD severity and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention Health-Related Quality of Life 4-question set measured physical, mental and activity disability. Sociodemographic level, chronic disease diagnosis, biological risk factors, pain, mobility and activity alterations in response to PAD were explored. Moderately-severe (ABI less than 0.7), mild (ABI 0.7 - 0.9) and no disease (0.91 - 1.5) showed that differences in pain, activity, mobility and risk factors become apparent when PAD is considered asymptomatic. Logistic regression showed physical disability was 1.7 times (95% CI 1.3, 2.2) more likely with mild PAD than with no disease. Education, poverty income ratio and hypertension were confounding factors. Mobility difficulty and calf pain with walking were mediators between PAD and physical disability. Age, ability to do vigorous activity, total cholesterol and obesity were effect moderators. Mobility, vigorous activity and calf pain made the most difference in the relationship between PAD and physical disability. PMID:21867902

Widener, Jeanne Malcom

2011-09-01

263

Mobile communications - an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on voice communications using mobile (cell) phones over mobile\\/cellular networks. The advances in processors, memory, signal processing, communication technologies, and several related techniques, personal mobile communications has witnessed tremendous growth. A typical mobile communication network consists of: mobile devices, BS, mobile switching centers, gateway mobile switching center. Cell phones communicate wirelessly with BSs. Base stations communicate with

S. R. Subramanya; B. K. Yi

2005-01-01

264

Helping Adult Educators Understand Disability Disclosure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help adult educators understand the process of disability disclosure, descriptions of the following are provided: the Americans with Disability Act of 1990, self-disclosure, disability disclosure, and identifying an undiagnosed disability. (Author/JOW)|

Rocco, Tonette S.

2001-01-01

265

Appendicular Fractures: A Significant Problem among Institutionalized Adults with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study found a high incidence of nontraumatic fractures in adults with developmental disabilities living in a state-run facility, a 7.3% incidence among 391 adults. Factors associated with fractures included use of antiepileptic medication. Although bone mineral density (BMD) by heel ultrasound did not predict fracture, values were much lower…

Ryder, K. M.; Williams, J.; Womack, C.; Nayak, N. G.; Nasef, S.; Bush, A.; Tylavsky, F. A.; Carbone, L.

2003-01-01

266

Depression and Anxiety in Two Groups of Adults with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the incidence of depression and anxiety in 184 college students with learning disabilities (LD), 57 young adults with LD receiving rehabilitation services, and 140 college students without LD. Females with LD in the rehabilitation setting showed a higher incidence of depression and college students with LD demonstrated…

Hoy, Cheri; Gregg, Noel; Wisenbaker, Joseph; Manglitz, Elaine; King, Michael; Moreland, Elaine

1997-01-01

267

Appendicular Fractures: A Significant Problem among Institutionalized Adults with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study found a high incidence of nontraumatic fractures in adults with developmental disabilities living in a state-run facility, a 7.3% incidence among 391 adults. Factors associated with fractures included use of antiepileptic medication. Although bone mineral density (BMD) by heel ultrasound did not predict fracture, values were much lower…

Ryder, K. M.; Williams, J.; Womack, C.; Nayak, N. G.; Nasef, S.; Bush, A.; Tylavsky, F. A.; Carbone, L.

2003-01-01

268

Sexual self views of women with disabilities: The relationship among age-of-onset, nature of disability and sexual self-esteem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sexual self-esteen of 43 women with mobility impairments was examined on the basis of age-of-onset and nature (fluctuating\\u000a versus stable health conditions) of disability. Based on past literature, it was hypothesized that women with earlier age-of-onset\\u000a disabilities would report lower positive levels of sexual self-esteem compared to women with later age-of-onset disabilities.\\u000a Subjects were acquired through two computer on-line

Linda R. Mona; Peter S. Gardos; Robert C. Brown

1994-01-01

269

Commentary on measuring disability.  

PubMed

This is a commentary on 5 articles in this issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that report on several related studies of new approaches to measuring disability. The project was grounded in theory, beginning with the development of a conceptual framework enhanced by a literature review and expert consultation within and outside of the Social Security Administration. The investigators then used item response theory to develop test items, which they organized into computer adaptive testing instruments and tested them for their psychometric properties. All in all, it is a groundbreaking set of studies and an enormously valuable contribution to the field. Hopefully it will also be tested as an alternative approach to assessing disability in the Social Security Administration disability benefits programs. PMID:23770279

Goldman, Howard H

2013-06-14

270

Women with Disabilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the National Women's Health Information Center offers a plethora of resources of interest to women with disabilities and those who work and live with them. Divided into topical areas such as abuse, parenting, and sexuality, the site has a range of information about different types of disabilities and how they may particularly affect women. Also provided is information on federal laws and regulations that protect those with disabilities as well as extensive lists of services and support resources. A section on statistics may prove especially useful to researchers and educators. This site has literally hundreds of helpful links and publications and will be useful to both the general public and professionals.

271

Growing Up Physically Disabled: Factors in the Evaluation of Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated how people with congenital orthopedic disabilities intially learn that they are different and how they learn the evaluative meaning associated with being disabled. Analyzed the content of 29 autobiographies. Results indicated that people born with orthopedic disabilities discover between ages 3 and 5 that they are different. (Author)|

Weinberg, Nancy

1982-01-01

272

Psychiatric Disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

People with psychiatric disabilities are often victims of job discrimination. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 makes it very clear that job discrimination based on a psychiatric impairment is illegal. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) reports that psychiatric disability is one of the leading causes why persons file discrimination complaints. Given this situation, an analysis is offered

John T. Pardeck

1998-01-01

273

Disability Services Offices for Students with Disabilities: A Campus Resource  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are often the starting places for conversations about students with disabilities in higher education. Section 504 and the ADA provide mandates for protection from discrimination and provision of reasonable disability accommodations (e.g., sign language…

Cory, Rebecca C.

2011-01-01

274

Disability And Provision Of Educational Opportunities For Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been observed that children with disabilities are often neglected by their parents and society. Yet modernization and globalization demand that individuals should contribute to national development irrespective of whether a child has disabilities or not. Much contribution cannot be made without education. It is on the above premise that this paper discusses the concept of disability, what the

Alokan Funmilola Bosede; Onijigin Emmanuel Olubu

2012-01-01

275

Functional Disability, Disability Transitions, and Depressive Symptoms in Late Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This article addresses how stable functional disability statuses and disability transitions are related to change in depressive symptoms in the elderly. Method: The authors estimate longitudinal residual change models using two waves of data, 1986 and 1992, from the National Institute of Aging Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly, Duke University. Results: Both stable disability statuses and

Yang Yang; Linda K. George

2005-01-01

276

Terminating Social Security Disability Benefits: Another Burden for the Disabled?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent legislation has led to removal of more than 374,000 individuals from the Social Security disability rolls. After a study indicated that a significant percentage of beneficiaries were not actually entitled to Social Security disability payments, the Act was amended to provide for mandatory and frequent review of nearly all individuals on disability, resulting in the rise in removals. Removing

Beth S. Glassman

1984-01-01

277

Atomic Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners make a mobile model of a carbon atom using clay, wire, and pipe cleaners. Learners will use the periodic table as a guide and explore how atoms are made up of a nucleus of protons and neutrons with orbiting electrons. The activity includes a PDF file of a periodic table and a guide for reading it.

History, American M.

2012-06-26

278

Mars Mobiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity introduces students to the basic features of the Mars landscape. Students locate the planets of the solar system on a diagram; look at pictures of Mars and describe the Martian landscape; describe landscape features of Earth, and compare those to what is found on Mars; and make mobiles showing features of the Martian landscape.

279

Serving Adult Learners with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how adult basic educators can respond to the mandates of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Addresses remediation versus accommodation, disability identification, and how to choose and evaluate the effectiveness of accommodations. (JOW)|

Polson, Cheryl J.; White, Warren J.

2001-01-01

280

The case for conserving disability.  

PubMed

It is commonly believed that disability disqualifies people from full participation in or recognition by society. This view is rooted in eugenic logic, which tells us that our world would be a better place if disability could be eliminated. In opposition to this position, I argue that that disability is inherent in the human condition and consider the bioethical question of why we might want to conserve rather than eliminate disability from our shared world. To do so, I draw together an eclectic, rather than systematic, configuration of counter-eugenic arguments for conserving disability. The idea of preserving intact, keeping alive, and even encouraging to flourish denoted by conserve suggests that disabilities would be better understood as benefits rather than deficits. I present, then, a reading of disability as a potentially generative resource rather than unequivocally restrictive liability. In other words, what I consider here is the cultural and material contributions disability offers to the world. PMID:23180334

Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie

2012-07-18

281

Screening for Developmental Disabilities  

PubMed Central

Developmental disabilities are responsible for a combination of severe physical, mental, psychological and social deficits. They develop before age 22 years and involve a little more than 1% of the population. Screening for developmental disabilities is the first step in their prevention. Various screening instruments are available for use throughout the developmental years that are designed to detect the wide variety of developmental problems that interfere with a developing person's optimal adaptation to his or her environment. The screening instruments must be inexpensive, reproducible, widely available and cost effective to the child, family and society.

Foster, Carol; Duran-Flores, Deborah; Dumars, Kenneth W.; Stills, Stanley

1985-01-01

282

Risk of developing disability in pre and post-multidrug therapy treatment among multibacillary leprosy: Agra MB Cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objectives If leprosy is a public health problem, it is due to the disabilities it causes. Surprisingly little is known about the risk of disabilities. Even now, mainly cross-sectional studies report disability prevalence. The present study aims to report the risk of disability in pre and post-WHO multidrug therapy (MDT) in multibacillary leprosy patients and to assess the extent of the incidence of disability. Methods The study design is prospective and the setting is an institutional field area. Patients were detected during 2001–6 field surveys. Of the 289 multibacillary patients, 146 completed the study. Both sexes were involved. The primary outcome planned was to study cure of disease, relapses and disability in patients receiving MDT. The secondary outcome was to measure reaction and default. Assessment was done clinically. Data have been analysed using SPSS software, logistic, survival analysis was performed and the ?2 test of significance was used. Results An important risk factor was found to be three or more nerves involved with odds of 3.73 (1.24–11.2), and delay in treatment; 2.27 (1.04–4.96) at the pre-MDT stage and three or more nerves involved with odds of 2.81 (1.0–7.9) at the post-MDT stage. The incidence of disability was found to be 2.74/100 person-years; 2.69 in the MDT arm and 2.84 in defaulters, with slightly higher disability among early defaulters (3.08) than among late defaulters (2.30). The study suggests that the incidence of disability could be slightly higher if treatment is not completed. Conclusion Early treatment for leprosy is a must for reducing the risk of disability, and treatment delay would increase the risk of disability. It is important to note that the incidence of disability between defaulters and those completing treatment was not found to be significantly different.

Girdhar, Anita; Girdhar, Bhavneswar Kumar

2012-01-01

283

Disability Management in Small Firms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that American research has paid relatively little attention to prospects for adapting disability management practices to financial and management environment of smaller employers. Compares large and small firms in terms of employer disability practices and characteristics of disabled workers; discusses barriers to rehabilitation and…

Drury, David

1991-01-01

284

Disability Studies and Art Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article promotes the field of disability studies as a valuable resource for expanding art education's concept of disability and as a promising venue for interdisciplinary dialogue. While art education has persistently supported special education since its inception, disability advocacy has advanced in the past two decades toward…

Derby, John

2011-01-01

285

Decoding, Reading, and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To clarify the role of decoding in reading and reading disability, a model of reading is proposed, which holds that reading equals the product of decoding and comprehension. Three types of reading disability are posited, resulting from an inability to decode (dyslexia), an inability to comprehend (hyperlexia), or both (reading disability).…

Gough, Philip B.; Tunmer, William E.

1986-01-01

286

Disability Discrimination in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews court cases in 1999 related to disability discrimination in higher education focusing on the Americans with Disabilities Act and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The "Garrett" case regarding Eleventh Amendment immunity is the case most likely to be significant in the development of the law of disability discrimination. (SLD)

Weber, Mark C.

2000-01-01

287

Diagnosis in Severe Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between neurological impairment or brain damage and severe reading disability is investigated. Symptoms and causes of neurological impairment are listed, and reading disability theories are discussed. Smith and Carrigan offer a neurochemical explanation of reading disability based on synaptic transmission problems. Orton,…

Schubert, Delwyn G.

288

The Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored smaller businesses' understanding of and compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act, particularly as it relates to the accommodation of people with physical versus mental disabilities. An ADA compliance score was developed for personnel practices regarding employees with physical and mental disabilities and a comparison of scores was made between employers who could recall any of the

R. Paul Maiden; Beverly Younger

1996-01-01

289

Disabled People in Japanese Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The volume is intended to give readers a glimpse of the day-to-day life of disabled people in Japan. Eight brief papers present life experiences of a mentally retarded preschooler, severely disabled children, a child with muscular dystrophy, a young girl with polio living in the community, visually disabled and recovering mentally ill people…

Kojima, Yoko, Ed.; And Others

290

Emerging Technologies and Cognitive Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cognitive disability entails a substantial limitation in one's capacity to think, including conceptualizing, planning, and sequencing thoughts and actions, remembering, interpreting subtle social cues, and understanding numbers and symbols. Cognitive disabilities include intellectual disabilities and can also stem from brain injury, Alzheimer's…

Braddock, David; Rizzolo, Mary C.; Thompson, Micah; Bell, Rodney

2004-01-01

291

Employment and People with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter issue offers six articles on employment of people with disabilities. "Employment and People with Disabilities: Challenges for the Nineties" (Frank Bowe) discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act, issues in unemployment and under-education, earnings, and implications for the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative…

Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

1990-01-01

292

Disabled People in Japanese Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume is intended to give readers a glimpse of the day-to-day life of disabled people in Japan. Eight brief papers present life experiences of a mentally retarded preschooler, severely disabled children, a child with muscular dystrophy, a young girl with polio living in the community, visually disabled and recovering mentally ill people…

Kojima, Yoko, Ed.; And Others

293

Perceived Disabilities, Social Cognition, and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article uses social cognition literature to analyze one form of non-prototypic employment discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). When enacting the ADA, Congress recognized that discrimination against individuals with disabilities is so pervasive that it reaches beyond those who possess substantially limiting impairments. Therefore, the ADA protects not only individuals who have an actual disability,

Michelle A. Travis

2002-01-01

294

Traditional measures of mobility performance and retinitis pigmentosa.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the effects of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) on mobility performance (walking speed, mobility incidents) under conditions of normal and reduced illumination and on self-perceived mobility difficulties. The results showed that RP subjects travel more slowly than the normally sighted subjects, that both normally sighted and RP subjects travel more slowly under reduced illumination, and that RP subjects are five times more likely to have a mobility incident under reduced illumination than the normally sighted subjects. Walking speed was significantly correlated with the visual characteristics: log minimum angle of resolution (log MAR), log peak contrast sensitivity (log CS), and visual field extent. Nearly 70% of the variance in the RP subjects' walking speed was accounted for by log CS and visual field extent. Responses on a mobility questionnaire showed that 80% of the RP subjects experienced mobility difficulty. Furthermore, self-reported, mobility-related behaviors were statistically related to walking speed. PMID:9703042

Geruschat, D R; Turano, K A; Stahl, J W

1998-07-01

295

[Evaluation of functional status and disability of narcolepsy patients].  

PubMed

Narcolepsy is a sleep-wake disorder with a multiple symptom picture of varying degree of severity. It has been rare in Finland, but its incidence among persons of less than 17 years of age increased in an unprecedented manner after the swine flu epidemic and vaccination. The evaluation of narcolepsy patients requires a broad insight and consideration of other than mere medical aspects. The extent of disability in distinct age periods may turn out to be different from what was previously expected, necessitating updating of the evaluation of the degree of disability. PMID:21995115

Hublin, Christer; Kirjavainen, Turkka; Partinen, Markku; Ojala, Mikael; Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Outi

2011-01-01

296

Mobile Customer Relationship Management and Mobile Security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is twofold. First, in order to guarantee a coherent discussion about mobile customer relationship management (mCRM), this paper presents a conceptualization of mCRM delineating its unique characteristics because of Among the variety of mobile services, considerable attention has been devoted to mobile marketing and in particular to mobile customer relationship management services. Second, the authors discusses the security risks in mobile computing in different level(user, mobile device, wireless network,...) and finally we focus on enterprise mobile security and it's subgroups with a series of suggestion and solution for improve mobile computing security.

Sanayei, Ali; Mirzaei, Abas

297

Administrative Challenge or Ethical Dilemma? Responding Justly When a Student With a Disability Engages in a Violent or Disruptive Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study involves an 8-year-old American Indian student with a disability, who was videotaped assaulting another student as they exited the school bus. Although acts of school violence are common on campuses across the nation, this incident is particularly complex, given the disability status of the student committing this act. This case provides an opportunity for both practicing and

Susan C. Faircloth; Suzanne T. Ritter; Felicia R. Wilson

2007-01-01

298

Administrative Challenge or Ethical Dilemma? Responding Justly when a Student with a Disability Engages in a Violent or Disruptive Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study involves an 8-year-old American Indian student with a disability, who was videotaped assaulting another student as they exited the school bus. Although acts of school violence are common on campuses across the nation, this incident is particularly complex, given the disability status of the student committing this act. This case…

Faircloth, Susan C.; Ritter, Suzanne T.; Wilson, Felicia R.

2007-01-01

299

A School Psychologist's Perceptions of Learning Disabilities in Three-Year-Old Children in an Early Childhood Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussed are issues in screening children for potential learning disabilities at the nursery school level. Definitions and incidence estimates of learning disabilities are evaluated, and present screening programs are reviewed. Three teacher administered screening tests are described: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Beery Developmental Test of…

Graf, Mercedes

300

Medication and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The clinical syndrome which relates most frequently to the reading-disabled child is the attention deficity disorder. The child psychiatrist will generally resort to medication only when behavioral management techniques have failed. The two most frequently used medications are Ritalin and Dexedrine, central nervous system stimulants. (JN)|

Humphries, Laurie L.

1981-01-01

301

Aging, Disability and Frailty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite multiple and often overlapping definitions of disability and frailty, both are common clinical characteristics of aged individuals though not identical. The geriatric syndrome of frailty is described as status of global impairment of physiological reserves involving multiple organ systems. The clinical correlate of frailty manifests as increased vulnerability, impaired capability to withstand intrinsic and environmental stressors, and limited capacity

Eva Topinková

2008-01-01

302

Health Professionals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When it comes to education from K-12 and into the college years, the literature is replete with stories of the accomplishments of youngsters and adults with any number of disabilities who surpassed the expectations of their families and teachers. Similarly, there are an increasing number of examples of young men and women with a range of…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Cinotti, Debra A.

2009-01-01

303

Disability Cause Lawyers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a vast and growing cause lawyering literature demonstrating how attorneys and their relationship to social justice movements matter greatly for law’s ability to engender progress. But to date, there has been no examination of the work of ADA disability cause lawyers as cause lawyers. Similarly, despite an extensive literature focused on the ADA’s revolutionary civil rights aspects and

Michael E. Waterstone; Michael Ashley Stein; David B. Wilkins

2012-01-01

304

Handbook of Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge about developmental disabilities: neuroscientific and genetic foundations; the impact on health, learning, and behavior; and effective educational and clinical practices. Leading authorities analyze what works in intervening with diverse children and families, from infancy…

Odom, Samuel L., Ed.; Horner, Robert H., Ed.; Snell, Martha E., Ed.; Blacher, Jan, Ed.

2007-01-01

305

Feminist Disability Studies Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this paper is to raise awareness about systems of oppression and privilege, as related to ability and disability in the classroom, and to provide tools to create instructional and institutional transformation. Feminist analyses of privilege, oppression, and intersectionality provide a framework for looking at the diverse experiences…

Knoll, Kristina R.

2009-01-01

306

FacingDisability.com  

MedlinePLUS

... Life Online" - Features FacingDisability and Table XI at Chicago Ideas Week Chicago Ideas Week, the idea-driven festival that highlights ... cord injury website takes off Ever since the “Chicago Tribune” featured a story on our ground-breaking ...

307

BRIDGING DISABILITY DIVIDES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes a disability studies perspective on the history of the development of web content accessibility policies in the United States. Using procedural documents, popular press accounts, and policy documents themselves, augmented by personal interviews with key participants, I sketch a critical history of accessible web development. First, I argue that the world wide web consortium accessibility guidelines (WCAG

Elizabeth Ellcessor

2010-01-01

308

Disability, Disorder, and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The World Health Organization's "International Classification of Diseases" ("ICD") is the most important diagnostic tool, worldwide, to ensure that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities receive the supports they need to live richer, fuller lives. And yet, the "ICD" has naming conventions that create a conundrum for the field,…

Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2013-01-01

309

Computers for the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes adaptive technology for personal computers that accommodate disabled users and may require special equipment including hardware, memory, expansion slots, and ports. Highlights include vision aids, including speech synthesizers, magnification, braille, and optical character recognition (OCR); hearing adaptations; motor-impaired…

Lazzaro, Joseph J.

1993-01-01

310

Disability Benefits Available Under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC) Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC)— administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) respectively—are two of the largest federal disability programs, but strongly differ along several dimensions, including the populations served, how each program defines a “disability,” as well as varying eligibility requirements.\\u000aThis report provides a description

Umar Moulta-Ali

2012-01-01

311

A pilot study of the effect of aerobic exercise on people with moderate disability multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: A pilot study to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on the mobility and function of people with moderate disability multiple sclerosis (MS).Design: A small group, comparative, pre-and post-intervention study.Setting: A gymnasium within a general hospital.Subjects: Eight subjects, all female, average age 45 years (range 33-61) with moderate disability MS (Kurtzke scale 4-6), were recruited; six completed the study.Intervention:

J Kileff; A Ashburn

2005-01-01

312

Development and performance analysis of an automotive power seat for disabled persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the number of disabled people grows, independence and mobility become a priority for those individuals. To achieve this\\u000a goal, a ‘Turny-type power seat’ was developed in this study to assist a disabled person rise from a vehicle without trouble.\\u000a The design and modeling of the power seat were performed using AutoCAD and CATIA software. The major motions of the

Y. Shi; I.-T. Lee; J.-I. Song

2009-01-01

313

Going mobile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By 1990, all metropolitan areas in the U.S. and rural areas close to major cities or towns are expected to have cellular telephone service; 22 Canadian cities also feature cellular service. To supply mobile telecommunication services to sparsely-populated rural areas, a mobile satellite service (MSS) is now being developed. In this paper the projected possibilities of the MSS system are discussed, including a possibility that a piggyback-MSS payload be added to the GSTAR-4 satellite which is scheduled for a launch in 1988 or 1989; one in which some of the hardware from aborted direct-broadcast satellites would be used; and the possibility of building a new MSS satellite with large servicing capacity. Canada is planning to launch its own mobile satellite, MSAT, in the early 1990s. The MSS is expected to be 'generic', serving not only people on land but maritime and aeronautical users as well. It will also offer major benefits to truck and automobile drivers, making it possible for them to conduct business or to call for assistance from locations beyond the range of cellular systems.

Brus, Eric

1987-12-01

314

Power Management of MIMO Network Interfaces on Mobile Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-speed wireless network interfaces are among the most power-hungry components on mobile systems. This is particularly true for multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) network interfaces which use multiple RF chains simultaneously. In this paper, we present a novel power management solution for MIMO network interfaces on mobile systems, called antenna management. The key idea is to adaptively disable a subset of antennas and

Hang Yu; Lin Zhong; Ashutosh Sabharwal

2012-01-01

315

75 FR 39779 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Center on Knowledge...

2010-07-12

316

Quality of care for Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities under the age of 65 years.  

PubMed

Social Security Disability Insurance provides cash benefits to disabled workers and certain others under the age of 65 years. These individuals become eligible for Medicare 24 months after Social Security Disability Insurance cash benefits start. In 2001, 13.9% of Medicare's approximately 40 million beneficiaries were adults under the age of 65 years with disabilities, and they generated 15% of total program costs. Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities under the age of 65 years are much more likely than elderly beneficiaries to be minority race and ethnicity, impoverished, and to report fair or poor health. They are clinically diverse, with 53.4% reporting mental health conditions. Although Medicare provides essential coverage of acute medical services and selected rehabilitative and long-term care services, by law, Medicare does not reimburse important items and services essential to daily living for many people with disabilities, including mobility aids for use outside the home, physical and occupational therapy to maintain functioning or prevent declines, as well as personal assistance services. This gap represents a fundamental, structural quality problem for persons with disabilities. Surveys suggest that most Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities are generally satisfied with their standard medical services, but they report problems at much higher rates than elderly beneficiaries. Reforming Medicare to meet pressing needs of beneficiaries with disabilities will likely require statutory changes. PMID:20528520

Iezzoni, Lisa I

2006-06-01

317

NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS AND MOBILE NUCLEAR POWER STATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief review is given of general technical problems, safety and ; special incidents, stationary nuclear power plants, mobile nuclear power plants, ; and research reactors for studying economic methods for producing power. The ; bibliography contains 54 references. (N.W.R.);

Wiesenack

1962-01-01

318

Incident analysis report  

SciTech Connect

This document presents information about a fire that occurred in January 1996 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This fire was caused by the spontaneous combustion of 100% fuming nitric acid. Topics discussed include: Summary of the incident; technical background; procedural background; supervision; previous incidents with 100% fuming nitric acid; and judgment of potential hazards.

Gregg, D.W.; Buerer, A.; Leeds, S.

1996-02-20

319

Reflections on Critical Incidents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the reporting of critical incidents as a tool for self-reflection in a program to train English-as-a-Second-language (ESL) secondary school teachers in Malaysia. Case studies of critical incidents highlight the potential value of encouraging ESL trainee teachers to record, analyze, and reflect on significant personal events in their…

Thiel, Teresa

1999-01-01

320

Mobile robot sense net  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile robot hardware and software is developing to the point where interesting applications for groups of such robots can be contemplated. We envision a set of mobots acting to map and perform surveillance or other task within an indoor environment (the Sense Net). A typical application of the Sense Net would be to detect survivors in buildings damaged by earthquake or other disaster, where human searchers would be put a risk. As a team, the Sense Net could reconnoiter a set of buildings faster, more reliably, and more comprehensibly than an individual mobot. The team, for example, could dynamically form subteams to perform task that cannot be done by individual robots, such as measuring the range to a distant object by forming a long baseline stereo sensor form a pari of mobots. In addition, the team could automatically reconfigure itself to handle contingencies such as disabled mobots. This paper is a report of our current progress in developing the Sense Net, after the first year of a two-year project. In our approach, each mobot has sufficient autonomy to perform several tasks, such as mapping unknown areas, navigating to specific positions, and detecting, tracking, characterizing, and classifying human and vehicular activity. We detail how some of these tasks are accomplished, and how the mobot group is tasked.

Konolige, Kurt; Gutmann, Steffen; Guzzoni, Didier; Ficklin, Robert W.; Nicewarner, Keith E.

1999-08-01

321

The need for the development of a child led assessment tool for powered mobility users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research based evidence for provision of powered mobility to disabled infants and children is a growing area of concern for the child, their families and the clinicians involved with the assessment and prescription of equipment. A review of the main literature on powered mobility studies with children identifies gaps which need to be addressed in terms of normal development, play

Josephine Durkin

2002-01-01

322

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

323

The Impact of Early Powered Mobility on Parental Stress, Negative Emotions, and Family Social Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Powered mobility has been found to have positive effects on young children with severe physical disabilities, but the impact on the family has been less well documented. We evaluated the impact of early powered mobility on parental stress, negative emotions, perceived social interactions, and parental satisfaction with wheelchair characteristics…

Tefft, Donita; Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan

2011-01-01

324

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated in this study. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with…

Guerette, Paula; Furumasu, Jan; Tefft, Donita

2013-01-01

325

Using Wearable Sensors to Analyze the Quality of Use of Mobility Assistive Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many older adults with chronic disabilities and diminished movement abilities use mobility assistive devices such as canes. Once taken home, these mobility assistive devices are commonly misused or not used at all. A means for assessing the use of a cane in the home setting is needed to aid clinicians in the prescription of such devices. In this study, we

Todd Hester; Delsey M. Sherrill; Paolo Bonato; Mathieu Hamel; Karine Perreault; Patrick Boissy

2006-01-01

326

Direct Measurement of Disability  

PubMed Central

Schizophrenia is associated with substantial disability in everyday functioning. Environmental factors, such as disability compensation and opportunities, impact on the ability of people with the illness to perform real-world activities, particularly those that are vocational in nature. Measures of abilities to perform these functions have been developed that measure competence in social, everyday living, and vocational domains. These indices have measurement characteristics consistent with those of neuropsychological tests, indicating that they have the potential to be valid measures of the ability to perform in real-world functional situations. It is our belief that these measures will be widely employed in later research on functioning in schizophrenia, and many of these tests have the potential to be used in clinical settings.

2009-01-01

327

Adolescent sexuality and disability.  

PubMed

Regardless of what our beliefs about sex and disability may be, as health care providers we can promote the health and well being of our patients with disabilities in several ways. First and perhaps foremost, physical and programmatic barriers to accessing general health care including routine gynecologic care must be dramatically reduced. The promise of Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act must be aggressively extended to our health care system to ensure equal access to routine health care for all. Second, knowledge of community resources that can support the healthy development and exercise of responsible and satisfying sexuality is critical. For example, health care providers should know about adaptive and assistive technologies as well as the use of personal care assistants to support the healthy although sometimes nontypical expression of one's sexuality. Centers for Independent Living are community resources that are often underutilized by the medical profession. These centers--run by and for people with disabilities--are likely resources and allies for providing education, role models, and peer mentoring around relationships, intimacy, sexuality, sexual expression, and parenting with a disability. Finally, sex education is a must and should include the following: Basic facts of life, reproduction, and sexual intercourse; Human growth and development Human reproduction and anatomy Self-pleasuring/masturbation and the use of sexual aids Intimacy and privacy Pregnancy and child birth Contraception and abortion Family life and parenthood Sexual response and consensual sex Sexual orientation Sexual abuse HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. The question should not be whether sex education is provided to persons with disabilities, but rather how it is most effectively provided. Health sex education must include the development of effective communication skills, decision-making skills, assertiveness, and the ability to say "no." It must also include ways to create satisfying relationships. For more information about sex education as it relates to people with disabilities, the following abbreviated resource list may be helpful: http://www.sexualhealth.com http://www.lookingglass.com Ludwig S, Hingsburger, D. Being sexual: an illustrated series on sexuality and relationships. SIECCAN, 850 Coxwell, Aven., East York, Ontario, M4C 5R1 Tel: 416-466-5304; Fax: 416-778-0785. Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036. Tel: 212-819-9770. National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY), P.O. Box 1492, Washington, DC 20013; Tel/TTY: 800-695-0285; Fax: 202-884-8641; Internet: www.nichcy.org Non-Latex Supplies (Ask your pharmacist if not available) Trojan-Supra: http://www.trojancondoms.com Durex-Avanti: http://www.durex.com Female Health Company-FC Female Condom http://www.femalehealth.com Pasante--EzOn http://www.postalcondoms.co.uk (available in Canada and U.K.). PMID:12465564

Neufeld, Jacob A; Klingbeil, Fred; Bryen, Diane Nelson; Silverman, Brett; Thomas, Anila

2002-11-01

328

Processing of Speech Signals for Physical and Sensory Disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities.

Levitt, Harry

1995-10-01

329

Processing of speech signals for physical and sensory disabilities.  

PubMed Central

Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only by the modality of stimulation [i.e., auditory, visual, tactile, or direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (auditory-neural)] but also in terms of the degree of speech processing that is used. At least four such categories can be distinguished: assistive devices (a) that are not designed specifically for speech, (b) that take the average characteristics of speech into account, (c) that process articulatory or phonetic characteristics of speech, and (d) that embody some degree of automatic speech recognition. Assistive devices for people with speech and/or language disabilities typically involve some form of speech synthesis or symbol generation for severe forms of language disability. Speech synthesis is also used in text-to-speech systems for sightless persons. Other applications of assistive technology involving voice communication include voice control of wheelchairs and other devices for people with mobility disabilities. Images Fig. 4

Levitt, H

1995-01-01

330

Ethics and intellectual disability.  

PubMed

A shift in accepted practice regarding sharing research led one editor to discuss adopting a legal rather than a moral stance to enforce ethical standards. Familiar ethical concerns regarding consent and balancing individual rights against those of others are considered, alongside lacunae in the field, by drawing on virtue ethics. Reappraisals of quality of life, person-centered planning and normalization are discussed, concluding that developing ethical relationships with people who have intellectual disability takes precedence over client competency. PMID:15719520

Clegg, J

1999-09-01

331

Facets of Learning Disabilities  

PubMed Central

The family physician who is asked to see a child with school problems will first have to rule out physical and neurological handicaps. While he will be able in most cases to say what the child's learning difficulty is, he will need the results of psycho-linguistic testing to determine whether the child is suffering from a real disability (dyslexia, dysgraphia, perceptual motor difficulties) or whether the child's school problems are due to other reasons.

Rebhan, Augusta W.

1971-01-01

332

Falls, aging, and disability.  

PubMed

Falls are a major public health problem, contributing to significant morbidity and mortality among older adults in the United States. This article summarizes and compares (1) fall prevalence rates, (2) fall risk factors, (3) consequences of falls, and (4) current knowledge about fall prevention interventions between community-dwelling older adults and people aging with physical disability. In this latter group, the article focuses on individuals with multiple sclerosis, late-effects of polio, muscular dystrophies, and spinal cord injuries. PMID:20494282

Finlayson, Marcia L; Peterson, Elizabeth W

2010-05-01

333

Disability Does Not Discriminate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author talks about the "it can't happen to me" mentality, which makes humans think they are physically invincible and have been guilty of thinking so. The author learned the danger of the "it can't happen to me" syndrome when she was disabled in a car accident in February 1994. The accident happened when she was 21 years old,…

Alexander, Amy Elizabeth

2008-01-01

334

Disabling Radiological Dispersal Terror  

SciTech Connect

Terror resulting from the use of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) relies upon an individual's lack of knowledge and understanding regarding its significance. Disabling this terror will depend upon realistic reviews of the current conservative radiation protection regulatory standards. It will also depend upon individuals being able to make their own informed decisions merging perceived risks with reality. Preparation in these areas will reduce the effectiveness of the RDD and may even reduce the possibility of its use.

Hart, M

2002-11-08

335

Working Together: Computers and People with Mobility Impairments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief paper describes several computing tools that have been effectively used by individuals with mobility impairments. Emphasis is on tasks to be completed and how the individuals abilities (not disabilities), with possible assistance from technology, can be used to accomplish them. Preliminary information addresses the importance of…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

336

Overcoming Challenges: "Going Mobile with Your Own Video Models"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video modeling has been shown to be an effective intervention for students with a variety of disabilities. Traditional video models present problems in terms of application across meaningful settings, such as in the community or even across the school environment. However, with advances in mobile technology, portable devices with video capability…

Carnahan, Christina R.; Basham, James D.; Christman, Jennifer; Hollingshead, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

337

Understanding Learning Disabilities and Substance Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to assist people with learning disabilities to recognize their disabilities and the connection between learning disabilities and substance abuse. It begins by defining learning disabilities and providing a self-test checklist for common signs and symptoms of learning disabilities. Difficulties with organization, memory,…

Star, Nonnie; Shadoff, Sander

338

Disability And Health Care Spending Among Medicare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper forecasts the impact of changing disability rates on spending by Medicare beneficiaries. We adjust for differential changes in spending by the disabled be- cause the composition of the disabled population and the intensity of their treatment are changing. Among community-dwelling elderly, spending growth among the least disabled grew more quickly than among the most disabled, which offsets some

Michael E. Chernew; Dana P. Goldman; Feng Pan; Baoping Shang

339

Creating accessible groups for individuals with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article supports the important work of group counselors by focusing on the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in non-disability specific groups and addressing disability myths, disability etiquette, architectural accessibility, and group process issues.SUMMARYAlthough they represent the largest minority group in the United States, the 43 million Americans with disabilities have had limited opportunities for full participation in society. Individuals

Jeanne Boland Patterson; Brian McKenzie; James Jenkins

1995-01-01

340

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility.  

PubMed

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments. PMID:22520500

Cowan, Rachel E; Fregly, Benjamin J; Boninger, Michael L; Chan, Leighton; Rodgers, Mary M; Reinkensmeyer, David J

2012-04-20

341

Recent trends in assistive technology for mobility  

PubMed Central

Loss of physical mobility makes maximal participation in desired activities more difficult and in the worst case fully prevents participation. This paper surveys recent work in assistive technology to improve mobility for persons with a disability, drawing on examples observed during a tour of academic and industrial research sites in Europe. The underlying theme of this recent work is a more seamless integration of the capabilities of the user and the assistive technology. This improved integration spans diverse technologies, including powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, functional electrical stimulation, and wearable exoskeletons. Improved integration is being accomplished in three ways: 1) improving the assistive technology mechanics; 2) improving the user-technology physical interface; and 3) sharing of control between the user and the technology. We provide an overview of these improvements in user-technology integration and discuss whether such improvements have the potential to be transformative for people with mobility impairments.

2012-01-01

342

Early Head Start: Identifying and Serving Children with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early Head Start (EHS) is a comprehensive, two-generation program that provides services to low-income families with children under the age of 3 years. As part of their mandate, staff members of EHS programs collaborate with other service providers in their local communities, including Part C and childcare providers. The incidence of disabilities among low-income children was tracked as part of

Carla Peterson; Shavaun Wall; Helen Raikes; Ellen E. Kisker; Mark E. Swanson; Judith Jerald; Jane B. Atwater; Wei Qiao

2004-01-01

343

Mobile video stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to test how different narrative structures work in mobile video storytelling applications for creative arts. Especially, we are interested in stories made with the mobile phone and for the mobile phone i.e. they are supposed to be viewed on the mobile phone. In addition, we present a new mobile social video service and demo

Jari Multisilta; Marjo Mäenpää

2008-01-01

344

Disability and work: risk assessment.  

PubMed

Recent parliamentary debate has brought the rights of disabled people back into the spotlight of media attention. In the workplace, the occupational health nurse (OHN) is uniquely placed to make a positive contribution to the achievement of equal opportunities for people with disabilities. The author describes a risk assessment approach to the occupational health and safety of disabled persons and their employers. Such approaches can help to ensure that the work skills of all employees are used to maximum potential. PMID:7727257

Meusz, C

345

Civil rights extended to disabled.  

PubMed

Largely unnoticed for more than a quarter century, disabilities groups have waged a fight to extend equal rights and opportunities protection to an estimated 43 million Americans with disabilities. On July 26, 1990, President Bush signed landmark legislation dear to the disabled into law. To ensure an easier and smoother transition and compliance for their organizations, physician executives should have a general understanding of the law and its ramifications. PMID:10170801

Reedy, J

346

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section 165.835 Navigation and Navigable Waters...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this sectionâ Cruise...

2010-07-01

347

33 CFR 165.835 - Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. 165.835 Section 165.835 Navigation and Navigable Waters...Security Zone; Port of Mobile, Mobile Ship Channel, Mobile, AL. (a) Definition. As used in this sectionâ Cruise...

2009-07-01

348

Prevalence and Incidence  

MedlinePLUS

... Power of United Support for Patients During IPF World Week 2013 > 9/13 Indiana Fever Partners with the Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation > MORE NEWS > Prevalence and Incidence THERE ARE NO RELIABLE DATA ...

349

Critical incident stress management.  

PubMed

Recent studies have indicated implementation of the CISM Program has impacted and reduced the cost of workers' compensation claims for stress related conditions and the number of lost work days (Ott, 1997; Western Management Consultants, 1996). Occupational health professionals need to be ready to develop and implement a comprehensive critical incident stress management process in anticipation of a major event. The ability to organize, lead, or administer critical incident stress debriefings for affected employees is a key role for the occupational health professional. Familiarity with these concepts and the ability to identify a critical incident enhances value to the business by mitigating the stress and impact to the workplace. Critical Incident Stress Management Systems have the potential for decreasing stress and restoring employees to normal life function--a win/win situation for both the employees and the organization. PMID:11760259

Lim, J J; Childs, J; Gonsalves, K

2000-10-01

350

Integrated communication/environmental controller system for the physically disabled.  

PubMed

A wireless integrated communication/environmental controller system (ICECS) is described, which offers total communication as well as environmental control for the disabled person. The system is flexible and simple enough to be used from the wheelchair by patients with spinal cord injuries. The system has three parts: the mobile unit, the base unit, and a set of remote-control receiver modules. The mobile unit and the base unit are linked together by radio, while the base unit and the remote receiver modules communicate over a power line carrier. The telephone mode allows telephone calls to be placed and received. Different electrical devices are controlled by the environmental control mode. The intercom mode permits two-way communication with an attendant or the nursing station. The modes can be switched simply by pressing a button on the mobile unit. Sixteen soft-touch switches arranged in a 4 X 4 matrix allow operation by hand or mouthstick. PMID:2950838

Fatehi, M T; Balmaseda, M T; Koozekanani, S H

1987-03-01

351

Comprehension of humor in children with nonverbal learning disabilities, reading disabilities, and without learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The normal development of humor in children has been well documented with a predictable course that is tied to social, cognitive,\\u000a and linguistic development in children. This study explored humor comprehension in children with nonverbal learning disabilities\\u000a (NVLD). Children with NVLD were compared with children with reading disabilities and a comparison group of children with no\\u000a learning disabilities to assess

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman; Kimberly Glass

2008-01-01

352

Social Security Disability Insurance. Training Module.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration and Sources of Law; Comparison of Disability Programs; Widow(er)s and Surviving Spouses; Application Process; Non-Medical Eligibility Criteria; Definition of Disability; Sequential Evaluation of Disability; Appeals Process; Post-E...

1999-01-01

353

Len Barton, Inclusion and Critical Disability Studies: Theorising Disabled Childhoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Len Barton has pioneered the sociological study of education in the areas of disability studies and inclusive education. This paper addresses an argument developed by Len Barton that social exclusion, of which disablism is one element, (1) has many compounding forms of differing exclusions, (2) is not a natural but a socially constructed process,…

Goodley, Dan; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2010-01-01

354

The Americans with disabilities act, mental disability, and employment practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the response of employers to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), with a specific focus on the employment of those with mental disabilities. A telephone survey was completed in a metropolitan area in the southern United States with a random sample of 117 businesses. In terms of specific practices that indicated compliance with the ADA, 15% had

Teresa L. Scheid

1998-01-01

355

Len Barton, Inclusion and Critical Disability Studies: Theorising Disabled Childhoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Len Barton has pioneered the sociological study of education in the areas of disability studies and inclusive education. This paper addresses an argument developed by Len Barton that social exclusion, of which disablism is one element, (1) has many compounding forms of differing exclusions, (2) is not a natural but a socially constructed process,…

Goodley, Dan; Runswick-Cole, Katherine

2010-01-01

356

The Law's Understanding of Intellectual Disability as a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern in dealing with a person with ID…

Ellis, James W.

2013-01-01

357

Motorized wheelchair driving by disabled children.  

PubMed

Thirteen children with physical disabilities, normal intelligence and stable family situations were studied to learn whether children under age 4 years could learn competent control of a motorized wheelchair. Their mean age was 31.3 months (range 20 to 37 months). There were six girls and seven boys. Each child required adaptive seating to manipulate the control stick in a conventional motorized wheelchair. Without specific training instructions, parents introduced the wheelchairs under pleasant circumstances at home. Daily logs and engine-hour-meters indicate that 12 children learned seven pre-established driving skills within a mean cumulative period of 34.4 hours (range 6.6 to 168 hours) distributed over an average 16.3 days (range 3 to 50 days). Actual cumulative wheelchair movement averaged 8.1 hours (range 1.7 to 26.1 hours). All learned a cluster of four to five skills over a one to five day period. Start-stop and circling were the two initial skills in all but one case. In four children, the first skill appeared after a latent period of 5, 6, 12 and 43 days. Children as young as 24 months can learn to drive motorized wheelchairs. Because of the theoretical importance of approximating normal gross motor milestones, powered mobility should be considered an early rehabilitative intervention for physically disabled children. PMID:6230066

Butler, C; Okamoto, G A; McKay, T M

1984-02-01

358

Managing Disability From Stroke  

PubMed Central

Strokes are the single greatest neurological cause of disability, yet many stroke patients do not ever reach a specialized stroke rehabilitation unit. For those remaining in the hospital to which they were first admitted, active medical involvement may decline dramatically once the diagnosis has been made. However, the family physician can play an active role in managing post-stroke patients, enhancing their functional recovery and achieving successful discharge back into the community. This article describes post-diagnosis management of stroke, discharge planning, and post-discharge follow-up.

Clifford, John C.

1986-01-01

359

PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF A SCALE TO ASSESS THE SEVERITY OF BATHING DISABILITY  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a new bathing disability scale. Design Reliability and validity study. Setting General community. Participants Two subsets of community-living older persons, selected from an ongoing longitudinal study, who had some degree of bathing disability or were at increased risk for bathing disability, as determined during a comprehensive assessment at 36 (N=199) and 54 (N=213) months, respectively. Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures The bathing disability scale was administered at 36, 54, and 72 months and changes in scores were assessed between 36 and 54 months and 54 and 72 months, respectively, for the two subsets of participants. Convergent construct validity was evaluated by comparisons with changes in ADL (activities of daily living) disability, mobility disability, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Discriminative construct validity was determined by comparisons according to age and physical frailty. Responsiveness was evaluated by comparisons between participants who had and had not been hospitalized and, subsequently, by plotting correlations according to the timing of these hospitalizations. Results The test-retest reliability was high, with an intraclass correlation coefficient=0.76 (95% confidence interval, 0.59–0.94). The internal consistency reliability was excellent with Cronbach’s alpha=0.91–0.97. Changes in scores on the bathing disability scale were positively correlated with changes in scores in ADL and mobility disability and inversely correlated with changes in scores on the SPPB. A greater decline in scores was observed among the oldest old and those who were physically frail, but these differences did not consistently achieve statistical significance. The scale was responsive to the occurrence and/or timing of intervening hospitalizations. Conclusions The bathing disability scale is reliable, valid, and responsive and may be suitable for use in clinical trials to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to enhance independent bathing.

Gill, Thomas M.; Gahbauer, Evelyne A.; Van Ness, Peter H.

2009-01-01

360

Sexual and Nonsexual Offenders With Intellectual and Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Characteristics, Referral Patterns, and Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports an evaluation of a community intellectual disability offender service over the period from 1990 to 2001. Men who committed sex offenses or sexually abusive incidents (n = 106) and men who committed other types of offenses and serious incidents (n = 78) are compared on personal characteristics, referral sources, forensic…

Lindsay, William R.; Smith, Anne H. W.; Law, Jacqueline; Quinn, Kathleen; Anderson, Andrew; Smith, Astrid; Allan, Ronald

2004-01-01

361

The annual incidence and course of neck pain in the general population: a population-based cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although neck pain is a common source of disability, little is known about its incidence and course. We conducted a population-based cohort study of 1100 randomly selected Saskatchewan adults to determine the annual incidence of neck pain and describe its course. Subjects were initially surveyed by mail in September 1995 and followed-up 6 and 12 months later. The age and

Pierre Côté; J. David Cassidy; Linda J. Carroll; Vicki Kristman

2004-01-01

362

Collecting Disability Data from Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the development and national trial of a methodology for collecting disability data directly from parents, enabling schools and local authorities to meet their obligations under the "Disability Discrimination Act" (DDA; 2005) to promote equality of opportunity for all children. It illustrates the complexities around…

Porter, Jill; Daniels, Harry; Feiler, Anthony; Georgeson, Jan

2011-01-01

363

Disability Studies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a topic of study, disability is not new at institutions of higher education. Psychological and intellectual disabilities have been of interest in psychiatry and psychology at least since the late 1800s and early 1900s. The post-World War II era, in particular, witnessed the rapid expansion of academic programs in special education, vocational…

Taylor, Steven J.

2011-01-01

364

Performing Determinism: Disability Culture Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Performing Determinism” discusses the performance of disability through poetry: the instability of language, the ability of words to clasp both generic and specific meaning, and the gaps that surround the performances of self. Disability culture acts as a frame for the inquiry, as the essay discusses crip aesthetics, crip critical practice, and the embodiment of language. In the reading of

Petra Kuppers

2007-01-01

365

Voices of Disability in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author shares her story of being a nurse with a disability who serves people with disabilities and older adults. She recounts her experience of what it is like to be stigmatized, marginalized, and to have lowered expectations because of her difference. The author had no right arm save about six inches from the shoulder down.…

Perkins, Liz

2009-01-01

366

Adults with Learning Disabilities Redux.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This introductory article on adults with learning disabilities considers historical antecedents, the role of public policy (the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act), the movement within the field of learning disabilities emphasizing transition to adulthood, and the continuance of public policy…

Gerber, Paul J.

2003-01-01

367

Developing Positive Attitudes about Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit of study aims to help students understand that persons with disabilities are more alike than different from persons without disabilities, to help students appreciate that all people regardless of differences are valuable and worthwhile, to offer students hands-on activities to help them become sensitive to the differences in the lives of…

Lander, Carole R.

368

Voices of Disability in Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares her story of being a nurse with a disability who serves people with disabilities and older adults. She recounts her experience of what it is like to be stigmatized, marginalized, and to have lowered expectations because of her difference. The author had no right arm save about six inches from the shoulder down.…

Perkins, Liz

2009-01-01

369

Disability and the Education System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education is important for all children, but even more so for children with disabilities, whose social and economic opportunities may be limited. In this article, Laudan Aron and Pamela Loprest assess how well the nation's education system is serving students with disabilities. Aron and Loprest trace the evolution of the special education system in the United States from its origins

Laudan Aron; Pamela Loprest

2012-01-01

370

Social Work Education and Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work has a long history in the areas of rehabilitation and work with people with disabilities, at least as far as medical social work is concerned. During the 1960s, funding and opportunities in the area of disability and rehabilitation provided opportunities for an increased involvement of social workers. in the last two decades, however, social work has virtually relinquished

Peggy Quinn

1996-01-01

371

Dyslexia: Problems of Reading Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this book is to provide an understanding of both the educational and medical aspects of reading and to show how they are interrelated in reading disabilities. The various aspects of reading disabilities are presented in the following chapters: Introduction to the Reading Problem; Early Predictive Studies; Psychological Evaluation;…

Goldberg, Herman K.; Schiffman, Gilbert B.

372

Neurological Aspects of Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a neurologist, looks at the nature of reading disabilities. He suggests that many reading disabilities are the result of normal constitutional differences and that the term "minimal brain dysfunction" is rarely appropriate and does not help the remediation process. Noted are various theories which relate neurology and reading ability.…

Nelson, Louis R.

373

The Learning Disabled Adult Offender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the prevalence of learning disabilities among 189 male inmates in a county jail setting. If inmates scored below the sixth-grade level, they were further tested. From this procedure, it was concluded that there is a much higher rate of learning disabilities among the adult offender population than among the general…

Tevis, Marlan P.; Orem, Richard A.

1985-01-01

374

Cognitive Development and Adolescent Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author offers clinical examples of ways in which the attainment of formal operations in adolescents both exacerbates chronic disabilities and contributes to the etiology of new disabilities (such as in teenage obesity, anorexia nervosa, and depression). He suggests treatment guidelines. (CL)|

Elkind, David

1985-01-01

375

EVIDENCE OF DISABILITY AFTER DAUBERT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors provide an overview of the legal elements of the prima facie case of disability discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and examine the impact of expert evidence in ADA litigation. The authors then present a model for classifying and understanding admissibility determinations involving scientific knowledge and clinical observations in cases brought under ADA. The model may

Peter David Blanck; Heidi M. Berven

1999-01-01

376

Social Security Definition of Disability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When the Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) program was enacted in 1956, it was intended for the 'totally and permanently disabled,' a population for whom work was not an option. But over the past half-century, there have been many changes in the S...

2003-01-01

377

Hypermedia Interaction for the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Special types of prosthetic devices have been designed to support the specific needs of disabled and handicapped computer users in retrieving information. Of particular importance are interfaces based on the use of sound, tactile operations, and gestures. Such interfaces may be used to provide disabled people with access to hypermedia…

Barker, Philip

1992-01-01

378

Information Technology and Disabilities (ITD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Electronic Journal: Information Technology and Disabilities: Refereed journal focussed on the development and effective use of new and emerging technologies by computer users with disabilities. Founded by EASI (Equal Access to Software and Information), topics include issues affecting rehabilitation counselors, human resources professionals, and developers of adaptive computer hardware and software products.

1994-01-01

379

Disabled Superheroes in Comic Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reviews the role of "superhero" in comic books, finding five prominent characters with disabilities. He suggests that sales of these comic books are due, in part, to unique gimmicks in the character, but may also reflect increased acceptance within the society of successful disabled role models. (Author/CL)

Kokaska, Charles J.

1984-01-01

380

Cognitive Development and Adolescent Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author offers clinical examples of ways in which the attainment of formal operations in adolescents both exacerbates chronic disabilities and contributes to the etiology of new disabilities (such as in teenage obesity, anorexia nervosa, and depression). He suggests treatment guidelines. (CL)

Elkind, David

1985-01-01

381

Main Idea Identification with Students with Mild Intellectual Disabilities and Specific Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Explicit and Basal Instructional Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students with high-incidence disabilities struggle with reading comprehension due to difficulties in background knowledge and metacognitive skills, including use of self-monitoring and other strategies. In the United States, these students typically receive the majority of their instruction in general education settings. However, there is little…

Miller, C. Alan; Darch, Craig B.; Flores, Margaret M.; Shippen, Margaret E.; Hinton, Vanessa

2011-01-01

382

Disability Mediates the Impact of Common Conditions on Perceived Health  

PubMed Central

Background We examined the extent to which disability mediates the observed associations of common mental and physical conditions with perceived health. Methods and Findings WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys carried out in 22 countries worldwide (n?=?51,344 respondents, 72.0% response rate). We assessed nine common mental conditions with the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and ten chronic physical with a checklist. A visual analog scale (VAS) score (0, worst to 100, best) measured perceived health in the previous 30 days. Disability was assessed using a modified WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS), including: cognition, mobility, self-care, getting along, role functioning (life activities), family burden, stigma, and discrimination. Path analysis was used to estimate total effects of conditions on perceived health VAS and their separate direct and indirect (through the WHODAS dimensions) effects. Twelve-month prevalence was 14.4% for any mental and 51.4% for any physical condition. 31.7% of respondents reported difficulties in role functioning, 11.4% in mobility, 8.3% in stigma, 8.1% in family burden and 6.9% in cognition. Other difficulties were much less common. Mean VAS score was 81.0 (SD?=?0.1). Decrements in VAS scores were highest for neurological conditions (9.8), depression (8.2) and bipolar disorder (8.1). Across conditions, 36.8% (IQR: 31.2–51.5%) of the total decrement in perceived health associated with the condition were mediated by WHODAS disabilities (significant for 17 of 19 conditions). Role functioning was the dominant mediator for both mental and physical conditions. Stigma and family burden were also important mediators for mental conditions, and mobility for physical conditions. Conclusions More than a third of the decrement in perceived health associated with common conditions is mediated by disability. Although the decrement is similar for physical and mental conditions, the pattern of mediation is different. Research is needed on the benefits for perceived health of targeted interventions aimed at particular disability dimensions.

Alonso, Jordi; Vilagut, Gemma; Adroher, Nuria D.; Chatterji, Somnath; He, Yanling; Andrade, Laura Helena; Bromet, Evelyn; Bruffaerts, Ronny; Fayyad, John; Florescu, Silvia; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hinkov, Hristo; Hu, Chiyi; Iwata, Noboru; Lee, Sing; Levinson, Daphna; Lepine, Jean Pierre; Matschinger, Herbert; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; O'Neill, Siobhan; Hormel, J.; Posada-Villa, Jose A.; Ismet Taib, Nezar; Xavier, Miguel; Kessler, Ronald C.

2013-01-01

383

An Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit  

SciTech Connect

Although the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) by centrally-located operations staff is well established in the area of emergency response, utilization by first responders in the field is uneven. Cost, complexity, and connectivity are often the deciding factors preventing wider adoption. For the past several years, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been developing a mobile GIS solution using free and open-source software targeting the needs of front-line personnel. Termed IMPACT, for Incident Management Preparedness and Coordination Toolkit, this ORNL application can complement existing GIS infrastructure and extend its power and capabilities to responders first on the scene of a natural or man-made disaster.

Koch, Daniel B [ORNL; Payne, Patricia W [ORNL

2012-01-01

384

Estimated costs of malingered disability.  

PubMed

The feigning of disabling illness for the purpose of disability compensation, or "malingering," is common in Social Security Disability examinations, occurring in 45.8%-59.7% of adult cases. In this study, we estimated the costs of malingering based on mental disorder data published by the Social Security Administration. At the most widely accepted base rate of malingering in medicolegal cases involving external incentive, costs were high, totaling $20.02 billion in 2011 for adult mental disorder claimants. Moreover, these figures clearly underestimate the costs of the larger problem with feigned disability in both adults and children. We urge a change in Social Security policies to allow the use of validity testing in the examination for disability claims. PMID:23800432

Chafetz, Michael; Underhill, James

2013-06-25

385

Accommodating dental students with disabilities.  

PubMed

The passage of The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) has broadened the legal protection afforded students with disabilities. Since it is most likely that dental schools, or their parent universities, have been in compliance with the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, they should experience minor additional requirements, in the academic arena, from the ADA. Dental schools increasingly will be asked to consider the special needs of disabled students, and may encounter conflicts between students' accommodation needs and clinical requirements and academic standards. This paper reviews federal law that protects the disabled from discrimination. More specifically, federal court decisions that have interpreted federal law were examined to see how the respective interests of disabled professional students and school administrators were treated. PMID:7962911

Keyes, G G

1994-10-01

386

Skinfold Measurements Enhance Nutrition Assessments and Care Planning for Children With Developmental Delays and Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with developmental delays or disabilities (DDs) may differ from typically developing children in body composition. Alterations in muscle tone, delayed motor development, and impaired mobility may affect the development of lean muscle tissue in children with developmental challenges. Studies show that children with diverse developmental disorders such as cerebral palsy (CP), spina bifida, Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), and premature birth

Trudi F. Bellou

2011-01-01

387

Development of a general purpose robot arm for use by disabled and elderly at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robots to assist disabled persons is a challenging area that include most aspects as demanding tasks, partly un- structured environment and to some extent autonomous behavior. The on-going MATS project focuses on a robot system that meet requirements on performing do- mestic tasks within environments as kitchen, bathroom and living room. The system has mobility within a home environment by

Gunnar Bolmsjö; Magnus Olsson; Ulf Lorentzon

388

Therapeutic Riding for a Student with Multiple Disabilities and Visual Impairment: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 9-year-old with multiple disabilities and visual impairments was the focus of a 10-week developmental therapeutic riding program incorporating hippotherapy. The program has led to increased mobility, an increase in visual attention span and fixation time, signs of greater verbal communication, and the acquisition of new functional signs.…

Lehrman, Jennifer; Ross, David B.

2001-01-01

389

(Instrumental) Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Daily living skills are important to ageing adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of these skills in older adults with ID and to investigate the influence of gender, age, level of ID and mobility on these skills. Daily living skills were measured with the Barthel Index (for Activities…

Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M.

2011-01-01

390

Providing O&M Services to Children and Youth with Severe Multiple Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article argues that orientation and mobility (O&M) training should be part of functional and meaningful activities for children and youth with severe multiple disabilities including a visual impairment. Evidence is provided that out-of-context instruction has not been effective, and the role of the O&M instructor is discussed. (DB)|

Bailey, Brent R.; Head, Daniel N.

1993-01-01

391

Feasibility of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of the Heel Bone in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Reduced mobility in case of motor impairment and the use of anti-epileptic drugs contribute to the development of low BMD. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement of the heel bone is a non-invasive and radiation-free method for measuring bone…

Mergler, S.; Lobker, B.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Penning, C.

2010-01-01

392

Feasibility of Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of the Heel Bone in People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Reduced mobility in case of motor impairment and the use of anti-epileptic drugs contribute to the development of low BMD. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurement of the heel bone is a non-invasive and radiation-free method for measuring bone…

Mergler, S.; Lobker, B.; Evenhuis, H. M.; Penning, C.

2010-01-01

393

Assistive and Adaptive Technology--Supporting Competence and Independence in Young Children with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that computers and related technology can be an important asset in the classrooms of young children with disabilities. Suggests that this technology can promote mobility, communication, and learning; increase independence; augment abilities; compensate for learning challenges; overcome learned helplessness; and foster competence and…

Brett, Arlene

1997-01-01

394

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of a disabling impairment. (a) Disabled workers, persons disabled since childhood and, for months after December 1990, disabled widows, widowers, and surviving divorced spouses. If you...

2013-04-01

395

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Definition of a disabling impairment...Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of a disabling impairment...persons disabled since childhood and, for months...

2009-04-01

396

20 CFR 404.1511 - Definition of a disabling impairment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Definition of a disabling impairment...Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1511 Definition of a disabling impairment...persons disabled since childhood and, for months...

2010-04-01

397

Preparing for major incidents.  

PubMed

Major incidents occurred, occur and will still occur all over the world, at any place at any time. Such an event is not always handled like it should and could be. The reason for this is not necessarily a deficiency in preplanning or the non-existence of procedures or guidelines. A possible solution to make things work more fluidly could be the creation of a genuine vision and mission statement on disaster handling followed by the alignment of all involved services within the statement. This would be a real challenge for all authorities and services involved in the planning phase and the preparation for major incidents. PMID:16542807

De Winne, Joan

2006-03-15

398

Foster Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children and youth in foster care are a vulnerable population. They are at risk for abuse, neglect, and permanent separation from birth parents and have a greater incidence of emotional and behavioral difficulties. This is not surprising because these children are abused, neglected, or abandoned by the very people who are supposed to love and…

Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Lederman, Cindy S.

2007-01-01

399

Summit on the National Effort To Prevent Mental Retardation and Related Disabilities. Summit Proceedings (Washington, D.C., February 6-7, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the proceedings of a summit to assess the adequacy of the U.S. effort to prevent mental retardation and related disabilities and to chart the course for future strategies to reduce the incidence and ameliorate the effects of these disabilities, particularly when caused by socioeconomic conditions. The document contains…

President's Committee on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.

400

This Is My Story: I've Got Cancer. "The Veronica Project": An Ethnographic Study of the Experiences of People with Learning Disabilities Who Have Cancer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As people with learning disabilities live longer, and the incidence of cancer is rising, it is of increasing importance to understand the lived cancer experience of this group. Consideration of the viewpoints of people with learning disabilities themselves will facilitate the development of cancer support services that are appropriate and…

Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene; Davies, John

2007-01-01

401

Frequency of disabling symptoms in supraventricular tachycardia.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to describe: clinical symptoms in a sample of consecutive patients with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT); incidence of sudden death, syncope, and other disabling symptoms; whether these symptoms differ by tachycardia mechanism; and to identify predictor variables of syncope in patients with SVT. Data were collected from chart reviews of 167 consecutive patients with SVT admitted for radiofrequency ablation. Three patients (2%) had nonlethal cardiac arrest, and a total of 16% (26 of 183) received at least 1 external direct-current shock for arrhythmia management. Twenty percent of subjects (33 of 167) reported at least 1 episode of syncope which was preceded by palpitations. The most frequent symptoms were: palpitations (96%), dizziness (75%), and shortness of breath (47%). We found atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) in 64 patients, atrioventricular-reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) in 59, atrial tachycardia in 22, and atrial flutter in 22. The symptom profiles of patients with AVNRT, AVRT, and atrial tachycardia were very similar, but differed significantly (p <0.05) from those reported in the atrial flutter group. Multivariate analysis showed that heart rate > or = 170 beats/min was the only independent risk factor for syncope. Chi-square analysis demonstrated that SVT patients with heart rate > or = 170 beats/min had significantly more dizziness and syncope. Thus, despite a low incidence of associated heart disease, and good left ventricular function, there was a high frequency of disabling, potentially life-threatening symptoms associated with episodes of SVT in this sample. SVT can have potentially lethal consequences, and is more disruptive than previously thought. PMID:9193013

Wood, K A; Drew, B J; Scheinman, M M

1997-01-15

402

[Evolution of disability and dependency. An international perspective].  

PubMed

In societies with a high level of population aging, the ability to live autonomously is a major goal of public health. The present article examines recent population-based studies analyzing a possible reduction in the prevalence of disability and provides evidence on the unmet needs of dependent individuals.In the last few decades, disability and reduced mobility have decreased in elderly persons living in high-income countries, including Spain. This decrease is clear in persons aged less than 85 years old but the trends in persons older than 85 years are difficult to study due to the lack of information. These trends depend on greater education among the population, a reduction in social and gender inequalities and the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits. A reduction in dependency also depends on changes in the physical and social environment to encourage active aging. The health gains in the generation aged between 40 and 65 years do not seem high. The reductions in disability in the next 25 years will not be as great as those observed between 1990 and the present time, except for a possible reduction in disability in women due to a decrease in gender roles. Dependence on help from third persons will tend to decrease, except in dementia. Use of technical aids is increasing and will continue to do so. PMID:22169442

Zunzunegui, María Victoria

2011-12-09

403

End of Life and Women Aging with a Disability  

PubMed Central

Abstract Approximately 21 million noninstitutionalized Americans with physical disabilities will ultimately face end-of-life [EOL] issues. Studies have documented disparate care and poorer outcomes for persons with preexisting disabilities who have life-limiting illnesses, which raises the question of how EOL experiences may differ for these individuals. The aim of this qualitative, descriptive study was to explore how EOL issues might emerge within the life stories of women aging with functional disabilities. Interview data were obtained from a larger, ongoing ethnographic study focused on the creation of an explanatory model of health disparities of disablement in women with mobility impairment. Each participant was interviewed three to four times using a life-course perspective that captures life trajectories and transitions experienced over time. For this analysis, 41 interviews were selected from 20 participants who discussed issues related to death and dying. Content analysis of the data revealed five analytic categories: death as a signpost, impact of others' deaths, deaths that affected personal insights and choice, EOL possibilities, and a personal brush with death. EOL issues were manifested in a variety of ways that revealed both determination to remain as independent as possible within the context of declining functional ability and uncertainty regarding the future.

Zolnierek, Cynthia; Harrison, Tracie; Walker, Janiece

2012-01-01

404

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities. Disability Policy Research Brief. Number 09-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to adulthood can be difficult for youth, particularly those who have disabilities severe enough that they receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (DI), or other disability program benefits. Besides the issues facing all transition-age youth, young people with disabilities face a host of…

O'Day, Bonnie; Stapleton, David

2009-01-01

405

The low incidence of suprascapular nerve injury after primary repair of massive rotator cuff tears  

Microsoft Academic Search

We measured the incidence of cuff retear and injury to the suprascapular nerve after mobilization and repair of a massive rotator cuff tear. Of one hundred four rotator cuff repairs performed over a 5-year period, 10 patients (7 men and 3 women, age range 22 to 68 years) had primary repairs of massive rotator cuff tears requiring cuff mobilization and

Robert M. Zanotti; James E. Carpenter; Ralph B. Blasier; Mary Lou V. H. Greenfield; Ronald S. Adler; Mark B. Bromberg

1997-01-01

406

Mobile Environmental Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents foundations for building mobile environmental information systems (MEIS) that require a multidisciplinary approach. MEIS require expertise from environmental biology, geography and mobile technology. MEIS are very promising in bringing added value in the acquisition of environmental information with a multitude of mobile devices. Automatic mobile acquisition makes it easy to forward the information to central databases for

Harri Antikainen; Alfred Colpaert; Niina Jaako; JARMOV RUSANEN; Dan Bendas; Mauri Myllyaho; Markku Oivo; Pasi Kuvaja; Jouni Similä; Kyösti Marjoniemi; Kari Laine; Esko Saari

2004-01-01

407

Secure Mobile Networking.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project produced a Secure Mobile Network (SMN) system for secure enclaves or virtual networks among mobile workstations, an integrated Mobile-IP/ IPSEC system in which Mobile Nodes use 2-way tunnels to securely tunnel packets to the Home Agent. A key...

J. R. Binkley J. McHugh

2001-01-01

408

Interacting with Mobile Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mobile device market offers considerable potential for software products, however, currently there are few compelling applications for hand-helds. We identify the potential for mobile intelligent systems and briefly describe the software that we have developed to enable mobile intelligent system construction. We outline the requirements for a mobile intelligent system for the corporate sector and discuss our attempts to

Lynne Hall; Adrian Gordon; Russell James; Lynne Newall

409

Uranus Mobile Robot.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uranus mobile robot was built by Carnegie Mellon University's Mobile Robot Lab to provide a general purpose mobile base to support research into indoor robot navigation. As a base, it provides full mobility, along with support for a variety of payload...

M. Blackwell

1990-01-01

410

Mobile Learning: the Virtual \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even in distance learning institutions, the students choose in 80% of the cases paper as data medium. Researches have shown that they are primarily motivated by the mobility of the medium itself and the mobility granted to its user. It seemed interesting to examine to what extent currently available mobile devices can offer the students greater mobility and to evaluate

Anne-Dominique SALAMIN; Anne LE CALVÉ

411

ICU incident reporting systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intensive care is one of the largest and most expensive components of American health care. Studies suggest that errors and resulting adverse events are common in intensive care units (ICUs). The incidence may be as high as 2 errors per patient per day; 1 in 5 ICU patients may sustain a serious adverse event, and virtually all are exposed to

Albert W. Wu; Peter Pronovost; Laura Morlock

2002-01-01

412

Fluid blade disablement tool  

SciTech Connect

A fluid blade disablement (FBD) tool that forms both a focused fluid projectile that resembles a blade, which can provide precision penetration of a barrier wall, and a broad fluid projectile that functions substantially like a hammer, which can produce general disruption of structures behind the barrier wall. Embodiments of the FBD tool comprise a container capable of holding fluid, an explosive assembly which is positioned within the container and which comprises an explosive holder and explosive, and a means for detonating. The container has a concavity on the side adjacent to the exposed surface of the explosive. The position of the concavity relative to the explosive and its construction of materials with thicknesses that facilitate inversion and/or rupture of the concavity wall enable the formation of a sharp and coherent blade of fluid advancing ahead of the detonation gases.

Jakaboski, Juan-Carlos (Albuquerque, NM); Hughs, Chance G. (Albuquerque, NM); Todd, Steven N. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2012-01-10

413

Air transporation and the disabled.  

PubMed

Air transportation is becoming increasingly more accessible to the disabled traveller. This is due to many reasons. The disabled themselves are now very much a part of twentieth century society in which air travel plays a large role. To this end, several international organizations representing the disabled have been pressuring for increased accessibility. As well, the airlines have realized that the disabled represent a sizable market potential and thus they have begun accessibility and staff sensitization programs. This article will first provide a summary of the current situation for disabled travellers and will discuss such things as architectural barriers and other limitations both in the airport and on-board the aircraft. The second section will discuss the current research into improving the comsort of the disabled passenger. Topics such as modification of on-board washroom facilities, adapted aids kits and on-board wheelchairs will be presented. Part three will be a short discussion of resources and organizations available to the disabled traveller. It is hoped that occupational therapists will gain a better understanding of the resources and developments in this area. PMID:23952156

Speidel, L K

1984-01-01

414

Low Socioeconomic Status and Disability in Old Age: Evidence From the InChianti Study for the Mediating Role of Physiological Impairments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with increased risk of disability in later life. The purpose of this study was to determine if SES has an impact on mobility functioning and to explore which physiological impairments are also associated with SES and may explain its relationship with mobility. Methods. The study sample consisted of 1025 individuals aged 65

Antonia K. Coppin; Luigi Ferrucci; Fulvio Lauretani; Caroline Phillips; Miran Chang; Stefania Bandinelli; Jack M. Guralnik

2006-01-01

415

Mobility impairments and use of screening and preventive services.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Primary care for people with disabilities often concentrates on underlying debilitating disorders to the exclusion of preventive health concerns. This study examined use of screening and preventive services among adults with mobility problems (difficulty walking, climbing stairs, or standing for extended periods). METHODS: The responses of non-institutionalized adults to the 1994 National Health Interview Survey, including the disability and Healthy People 2000 supplements, were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regressions predicted service use on the basis of mobility level, demographic characteristics, and indicators of health care access. RESULTS: Ten percent of the sample reported some mobility impairment; 3% experienced major problems. People with mobility problems were as likely as others to receive pneumonia and influenza immunizations but were less likely to receive other services. Adjusted odds ratios for women with major mobility difficulties were 0.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.4, 0.9) for the Papanicolaou test and 0.7 (95% CI = 0.5, 0.9) for mammography. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to screening and preventive services for people with mobility difficulties. Shortened appointment times, physically inaccessible care sites, and inadequate equipment could further compromise preventive care for this population.

Iezzoni, L I; McCarthy, E P; Davis, R B; Siebens, H

2000-01-01

416

The Incident Reporting System (IRS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instead of investigating accidents, Incident Reporting Systems (IRS) analyze in- cidents. Because incidents happen more often than accidents, larger samples can be obtained by collecting incident reports. Incident reports can be used to gain insight into the factors leading to failures. IRS have been successfully used in the aviation industry and in anesthesiology. This report discusses the use of IRS

Ilías Ortega

1999-01-01

417

2008 Disability Status Report: The United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic…

Erickson, W. Lee C.; von Schrader, S.

2010-01-01

418

Dispelling Fears About Aging with a Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been revolutionary changes in the way that many people perceive and deal with the issue of disability. These changes effect both the nature of services and the expectations that people may have about disabilities acquired late in life. This raises issues about the fears and anxieties that non-disabled seniors have about acquiring a disability as they age. This

Richard L. Beaulaurier; Samuel H. Taylor

2001-01-01

419

Assistive Technology for the Disabled Computer User.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assistive technology that can help disabled computer users is described, and a resource guide to computer help for the disabled is presented. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 has broad implications for higher education, in that it mandates that colleges and universities give disabled students equal access to computers on public…

Wilson, Linda

420

Socioemotional Disturbances of Learning Disabled Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of research on the relation between socioemotional functioning\\/disturbance and learning disabilities in children suggests that (a) although some learning disabled children suffer from socioemotional disturbance, most do not; (b) there is no single, unitary pattern of emotional disturbance or social incompetence displayed by learning disabled children; (c) the types of socioemotional disturbance exhibited by learning disabled children may

Byron P. Rourke

1988-01-01

421

Voices of Disability on the Radio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: While much commentary exists in relation to the portrayal of disabled people in the media, very little research examines the talk itself in any detail. This paper examines the how people with communication disabilities and disabled people are dealt with in the talk of a radio programme about disability. Aims: To show how the voices of…

O'Malley, Mary Pat

2008-01-01

422

Students With Psychiatric Disabilities in Higher Education SettingsThe Americans With Disabilities Act and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students with psychiatric disabilities face multiple challenges. Judicial rulings under the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 have generated outcomes that are sometimes more harmful than helpful. To reduce discrimination against persons with disabilities requires, among other things, a cultural shift in how psychiatric disabilities are viewed. This article examines (a) challenges that students with psychiatric disabilities face

Sharlene A. Kiuhara; Dixie S. Huefner

2008-01-01

423

The Perceptions of People with Disabilities as to the Effectiveness of the Americans with Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the perceptions of people with disabilities as to the effectiveness of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in regard to accessibility issues covered by Titles II, III, and IV. In analyzing the influence of the independent variables (disability type, age of onset of disability, disability organization membership, and employment status) on perceptions of the ADA's effectiveness, most

Cathy A. Hinton

2003-01-01

424

ACCESS Earth: Promoting Accessibility to Earth System Science for Students with Disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ACCESS Earth is an intensive summer institute for high school students with disabilities and their teachers that is designed to encourage students with disabilities to consider careers in earth system science. Participants study earth system science concepts at a Maine coastal estuary, using Geographic Information Systems, remote sensing, and field observations to evaluate the impacts of climate change, sea level rise, and development on coastal systems. Teachers, students, and scientists work together to adapt field and laboratory activities for persons with disabilities, including those with mobility and visual impairments. Other sessions include demonstrations of assistive technology, career discussions, and opportunities for students to meet with successful scientists with disabilities from throughout the U.S. The summer institute is one of several programs in development at the University of Southern Maine to address the problem of underrepresentation of people with disabilities in the earth sciences. Other projects include a mentoring program for high school students, a web-based clearinghouse of resources for teaching earth sciences to students with disabilities, and guidebooks for adaptation of popular published earth system science curricula for disabled learners.

Locke, S. M.; Cohen, L.; Lightbody, N.

2001-05-01

425

GPS proximity warning system for at-rest large mobile equipment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year fatalities are caused by larger equipment running over smaller equipment and personnel. Between 1984 and 2002 there were seven fatal incidents in the USA that could have directly been prevented with the use of a proximity system with transmission lock implemented on the mobile equipment involved in each incident. These incidents resulted in the loss of lives, equipment

A. Nieto; S. Miller; R. Miller

2005-01-01

426

A comparative study into the one year cumulative incidence of depression after stroke and myocardial infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The high incidence of post-stroke depression has been claimed to reflect a specific, stroke related pathogenesis in which lesion location plays an important role. To substantiate this claim, post-stroke depression should occur more often than depression after another acute, life threatening, disabling disease that does not involve cerebrovascular damage.Objectives: To compare the cumulative one year incidence of depression after

I Aben; F Verhey; J Strik; R Lousberg; J Lodder; A Honig

2003-01-01

427

Multiple sclerosis: assessment of disability and disability scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempting to measure the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) on the individuals patients has become a major issue stimulated\\u000a by both the emergence of new therapeutic agents and the increasing demand to incorporate the patient’s perspective. Disability\\u000a has been the main focus. Recently, new disability scales have been developed and generic scales evaluated in an attempt to\\u000a replace or complement

Alan J. Thompson; Jeremy C. Hobart

1998-01-01

428

Mobility Modeling and Routing in Sparse Mobile Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility plays a significant role in routing scheme for sparse mobile network. With the help of mobility, message can be forwarded through mobile users and performance of the network can be improved using mobility-assisted routing. In addition, a routing scheme needs to be verified through the simulation using certain mobility scenario. This review first introduces a variety of mobility models

Bo Gu

429

Disability, Medicare, and Prescription Drugs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the unique need of disabled Medicare beneficiaries for prescription drugs, provides state-by-state information on these beneficiaries, illustrates how the private insurance market has not been responsive to their needs, and validates...

2000-01-01

430

Language-Based Learning Disabilities  

MedlinePLUS

... or just learning disabilities , is better because of the relationship between spoken and written language. Many children with reading problems have spoken language problems. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with ...

431

Theme: Serving Individuals with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes "Reviewing Commitment to Individuals with Disabilities" (Frick); "Modifying Laboratory Equipment" (Silletto); "Equine Facilitated Therapy" (Hoover et al.); "Horticultural Therapy" (Rees, Iverson); "How Accessible Is Your Agriculture Program? (Delks, Sillery); "Agricultural Education for the Mentally Handicapped" (Phillips, Dormody);…

Frick, Marty; And Others

1993-01-01

432

Nursing Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the following topics: identification and classification of learning disabilities (LD), effects of LD on nursing students, teaching and learning, LD legislation, and academic interventions for nursing students with LD. (SK)

Selekman, Janice

2002-01-01

433

Lateral Dominance and Reading Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Theory and research on the relation of lateral dominance to the causation of reading disability are reviewed. Both direct and indirect measures of cerebral hemisphere functioning are considered. (SBH)|

Harris, Albert J.

1979-01-01

434

Illness and Disability for Girls  

MedlinePLUS

... Famous people with illnesses or disabilities Camps Quiz: How much do you know about taking good care of yourself? Quiz: How much do you know about taking good care of yourself? Links to more information Links ...

435

Adopting Children With Developmental Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The estimates of children who are awaiting adoption (legally free) indicate that anywhere between 30 and 50% have a developmental disability. However, these children are not a homogeneous group. Their physical, cognitive and social characteristics may dif...

1999-01-01

436

Disabled People in The Bible.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author first describes the format of the Bible, then points out 180 references to disabilities in the Bible, of which 46 are negative in the King James Version but described with less negative words in later translations. (MC)

Kokaska, Charles J.; And Others

1984-01-01

437

Physical Intervention with People with Intellectual Disabilities: The Influence of Cognitive and Emotional Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examines the relationship between the topography of challenging behaviour, subsequent attributions and emotional responses, with whether carers use physical intervention and their satisfaction with their intervention. Method: Thirty-seven carers described incidents where a person with an intellectual disability had exhibited…

Dagnan, Dave; Weston, Clive

2006-01-01

438

Hepatitis C Seroprevalence in an Institution for Residents with a Developmental Disability. Brief Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An investigation was conducted in Australia of 156 individuals with developmental disabilities who were long-term clients of a residential institution, to determine the incidence of hepatitis C antibodies. Results indicated that none of the residents was seropositive and that hepatitis C is less prevalent than hepatitis B in residential…

Fraser, Eric

1996-01-01

439

Prevalence of Psychopathology across a Service Population of Parents with Intellectual Disabilities and Their Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study identified and investigated the incidence of childhood trauma and psychopathology across a population of parents with intellectual disabilities (IDs) known to a parenting service in the United Kingdom over a 5-year period and examined the emotional and physical welfare of their children. Data were gathered from 49 parents with ID and…

McGaw, Sue; Shaw, Tom; Beckley, Kerry

2007-01-01

440

Factors Related to Post-School Outcomes of Minority Youth with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The levels of post-school life success were examined for a group of 273 minority youth, with high incidence disabilities (HID) one to four years out of high school. In this cross-sectional study, school leavers completed a phone survey regarding their actions beyond high school related to employment, continued post-secondary education,…

Garate, Teresa

2010-01-01

441

Papanicolaou smear screening of women with intellectual disabilities: A cross-sectional survey in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although little is known about the incidence of cervical cancer in women with intellectual disabilities (ID), Pap smear screening is an effective public health program to prevent cervical cancer to this group of people. The purposes of this study were to identify and evaluate the factors regarding the utilization of the Pap smears in women with ID seen in the

Lan-Ping Lin; Jin-Ding Lin; Chang-Lin Sung; Ta-Wen Liu; Yi-Lian Liu; Li-Mei Chen; Cordia M. Chu

2010-01-01

442

Papanicolaou Smear Screening of Women with Intellectual Disabilities: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although little is known about the incidence of cervical cancer in women with intellectual disabilities (ID), Pap smear screening is an effective public health program to prevent cervical cancer to this group of people. The purposes of this study were to identify and evaluate the factors regarding the utilization of the Pap smears in women with ID…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Lin, Jin-Ding; Sung, Chang-Lin; Liu, Ta-Wen; Liu, Yi-Lian; Chen, Li-Mei; Chu, Cordia M.

2010-01-01

443

Family Environment and Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students with Mild Additional Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national survey of 173 teachers of deaf and hard-of-hearing students with mild additional disabilities found a higher incidence of dysfunctional family background in these students than among deaf and hard-of-hearing students in general. Implications for teacher preparation and service delivery are drawn. (DB)

Powers, Ann R.; And Others

1995-01-01

444

Papanicolaou Smear Screening of Women with Intellectual Disabilities: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although little is known about the incidence of cervical cancer in women with intellectual disabilities (ID), Pap smear screening is an effective public health program to prevent cervical cancer to this group of people. The purposes of this study were to identify and evaluate the factors regarding the utilization of the Pap smears in women with…

Lin, Lan-Ping; Lin, Jin-Ding; Sung, Chang-Lin; Liu, Ta-Wen; Liu, Yi-Lian; Chen, Li-Mei; Chu, Cordia M.

2010-01-01

445

Learning Disabilities among Primary School Children in Botswana: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pilot study attempted to document the existence and incidence of learning disabilities (LD) among primary school children in Botswana. The study also sought to identify effective identification procedures and to determine if LD students are unique to technologically-oriented societies. Data were collected on 620 children from 4 schools (2…

Yoder, John H.; Kibria, K. F. M. Gholam

446

Disabling injuries of the cervical spine in Argentine rugby over the last 20 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of disabling injuries to the cervical spine in rugby in Argentina. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases reported to the Medical Committee of the Argentine Rugby Union (UAR) and Rugby Amistad Foundation was carried out including a follow up by phone. Cumulative binomial distribution, chi 2 test, Fisher test, and comparison

F. P. Secin; E. J. Poggi; F. Luzuriaga; H. A. Laffaye

1999-01-01

447

Markers for Aggression in Inpatient Treatment Facilities for Adults with Mild to Borderline Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In high care settings for persons with intellectual disability (ID) aggressive incidents often occur. Still little is known about factors that are associated with an increased risk for aggressive behavior in clients who are admitted to an inpatient treatment facility. In four inpatient facilities, 108 adults with mild and borderline ID and…

Tenneij, Nienke H.; Didden, Robert; Stolker, Joost Jan; Koot, Hans M.

2009-01-01

448

Suggestibility and salience in people with intellectual disabilities: An experimental critique of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (GSS) assesses suggestibility by asking respondents to recall a short story, using leading questions and pressure to change their responses. Suggestibility, as assessed by the GSS, is elevated in people with intellectual disabilities. Unlike real life incidents, the information presented is of no personal significance to the respondent. The aim of the present study was

Richard White; Paul Willner

2005-01-01

449

Intellectual Assessment and Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three decades ago, the American Association on Mental Deficiency (AAMD) proposed a definition of intellectual disability (ID)\\u000a that not only emphasized the academic side of intelligence but also considered two other important factors—adaptive behavior\\u000a and the time of occurrence of the disabling condition: “Mental Retardation refers to significantly subaverage general intellectual\\u000a functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and

John G. Borkowski; Shannon S. Carothers; Kimberly Howard; Julie Schatz; Jaelyn R. Farris

450

Astronomical activities with disabled people  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As we celebrate the International Year of Astronomy, we have been working on four different projects with the goal of making astronomy more accessible to people with special needs. These projects are 1) an astronomy book and web site for blind people, 2) an open source software for people with motor disabilities, 3) a planetarium program for the visually impaired and 4) educational material for intellectually disabled people.

Ortiz-Gil, Amelia; Blay, Pere; Calvente, A. Teresa Gallego; Gómez, Miquel; Guirado, José Carlos; Lanzara, Mariana; Núñez, Silvia Martínez

2011-06-01

451

Introduction: Philosophical Reflections on Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The discussions in this volume take place against the backdrop of the development of an increasingly vocal “disability rights”\\u000a movement (henceforth DR) and the voluminous scholarly output of that movement’s “theoretical arm” (Snyder, 2006, p. 478),\\u000a the growing academic field of “disability studies.” Since some readers may be unfamiliar with these movements and their relationship\\u000a to what might be termed

D. Christopher Ralston; Justin Ho

452

A framework for robust mobile robot systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fielded mobile robot systems will inevitably suffer hardware and software failures. Failures in a single subsystem can often disable the entire robot, especially if the controlling application does not consider such failures. Often simple measures, such as a software restart or the use of a secondary sensor, can solve the problem. However, these fixes must generally be applied by a human expert, who might not be present in the field. In this paper, we describe a recovery-oriented framework for mobile robot applications which addresses this problem in two ways. First, fault isolation automatically provides graceful degradation of the overall system as individual software and hardware components fail. In addition, subsystems are monitored for known failure modes or aberrant behavior. The framework responds to detected or immanent failures by restarting or replacing the suspect component in a manner transparent to the application programmer and the robot's operator.

Melchior, Nik A.; Smart, William D.

2004-12-01

453

Mobility, Emotion, and Universality in Future Collaboration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Graphical user interface has traditionally supported personal productivity, efficiency, and usability. With computer supported cooperative work, the focus has been on typical people, doing typical work in a highly rational model of interaction. Recent trends towards mobility, and emotional and universal design are extending the user interface paradigm beyond the routine. As computing moves into the hand and away from the desktop, there is a greater need for dealing with emotions and distractions. Busy and distracted people represent a new kind of disability, but one that will be increasingly prevalent. In this panel we examine the current state of the art, and prospects for future collaboration in non-normative computing requirements. This panel draws together researchers who are studying the problems of mobility, emotion and universality. The goal of the panel is to discuss how progress in these areas will change the nature of future collaboration.

Chignell, Mark; Hosono, Naotsune; Fels, Deborah; Lottridge, Danielle; Waterworth, John

454

The Canadian Adverse Events Study: the incidence of adverse events among hospital patients in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Research into adverse events (AEs) has highlighted the need to improve patient safety. AEs are unintended injuries or complications resulting in death, disability or prolonged hospital stay that arise from health care management. We esti- mated the incidence of AEs among patients in Canadian acute care hospitals. Methods: We randomly selected 1 teaching, 1 large community and 2 small

G. Ross Baker; Peter G. Norton; Virginia Flintoft; Régis Blais; Adalsteinn Brown; Jafna Cox; Ed Etchells; William A. Ghali; Philip Hébert; Sumit R. Majumdar; Maeve O'Beirne; Luz Palacios-Derflingher; Robert J. Reid; Sam Sheps; Robyn Tamblyn

2004-01-01

455

Technology with Low Incidence Populations: Promoting Access to Education and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report is the product of a symposium which examined the current knowledge base of technology use in special education and identified aspects ready to be transferred into the practical setting. Presentations revolve around students with low-incidence disabilities: severe physical and severe cognitive impairments, and those impairments in…

Lahm, Elizabeth A., Ed.

456

Romantic relationships and interpersonal violence among adults with developmental disabilities.  

PubMed

Romantic relationships are important in the lives of adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore dating and romantic relationships among these adults and to identify the nature and extent of interpersonal violence in their relationships. A random sample of 47 women and men participated in semistructured interviews. The authors found that relationships sounded very typical of people without disabilities, but their time together was more limited than they wanted. A high percentage of participants had experienced interpersonal violence, primarily in the form of name calling, yelling, screaming, and physical assault. Although the police and family or friends were the first sources of assistance following an abusive incident, more than one third of the participants said they did not seek any help. PMID:20597743

Ward, Karen M; Bosek, Rebecca L; Trimble, Erin L

2010-04-01

457

78 FR 12219 - Excepted Service-Appointment of Persons With Intellectual Disabilities, Severe Physical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...With Intellectual Disabilities, Severe Physical Disabilities, and Psychiatric Disabilities...with intellectual disabilities, severe physical disabilities, and psychiatric disabilities...people with mental retardation, severe physical disabilities, and psychiatric...

2013-02-22

458

Health disparities among adults with developmental disabilities, adults with other disabilities, and adults not reporting disability in North Carolina.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were (1) to identify disparities between adults with developmental disabilities and non-disabled adults in health and medical care, and (2) to compare this pattern of disparities to the pattern of disparities between adults with other disabilities and adults without disabilities. METHODS: The authors compared data on health status, health risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and utilization of medical care across three groups of adults: No Disability, Disability, and Developmental Disability. Data sources were the 2001 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and the North Carolina National Core Indicators survey. RESULTS: Adults with developmental disabilities were more likely to lead sedentary lifestyles and seven times as likely to report inadequate emotional support, compared with adults without disabilities. Adults with disabilities and developmental disabilities were significantly more likely to report being in fair or poor health than adults without disabilities. Similar rates of tobacco use and overweight/obesity were reported. Adults with developmental disabilities had a similar or greater risk of having four of five chronic health conditions compared with non-disabled adults. Significant medical care utilization disparities were found for breast and cervical cancer screening as well as for oral health care. Adults with developmental disabilities presented a unique risk for inadequate emotional support and low utilization of breast and cervical cancer screenings. CONCLUSIONS: Significant disparities in health and medical care utilization were found for adults with developmental disabilities relative to non-disabled adults. The National Core Indicators protocol offers a sound methodology to gather much-needed surveillance information on the health status, health risk behaviors, and medical care utilization of adults with developmental disabilities. Health promotion efforts must be specifically designed for this population.

Havercamp, Susan M.; Scandlin, Donna; Roth, Marcia

2004-01-01

459

Assessing the psychological sequelae of staff working with assaultive developmentally disabled children and adolescents in a residential setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although much has been written about the incidence of assaults on staff by psychiatric in-patients, there is a dearth of research on the topic of assaulted staff working with developmentally disabled individuals in a residential milieu. The present study used Needs Assessment to investigate whether student-to-staff assault at a residential school serving developmentally disabled children and adolescents was being underreported.

Patricia Simon

2001-01-01

460

Streaming mobile augmented reality on mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuous recognition and tracking of objects in live video cap- tured on a mobile device enables real-time user interaction. We demonstrate a streaming mobile augmented reality system with 1 second latency. User interest is automatically inferred from camera movements, so the user never has to press a button. Our system is used to identify and track book and CD covers

David M. Chen; Sam S. Tsai; Ramakrishna Vedantham; Radek Grzeszczuk; Bernd Girod

2009-01-01

461

Streaming mobile augmented reality on mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuous recognition and tracking of objects in live video captured on a mobile device enables real-time user interaction. We demonstrate a streaming mobile augmented reality system with 1 second latency. User interest is automatically inferred from camera movements, so the user never has to press a button. Our system is used to identify and track book and CD covers in

D. M. Chen; Sam S. Tsai; Ramakrishna Vedantham; Radek Grzeszczuk; Bernd Girod

2009-01-01

462

75 FR 36237 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)--Improved...

2010-06-24

463

75 FR 27741 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR); Disability and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR); Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs); Employer...

2010-05-18

464

Final priorities; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers. Final priorities.  

PubMed

The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces priorities under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program administered by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). Specifically, we announce priorities for a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) on Rehabilitation Strategies, Techniques, and Interventions (Priority 1), Information and Communication Technologies Access (Priority 2), Individual Mobility and Manipulation (Priority 3), and Physical Access and Transportation (Priority 4). The Assistant Secretary may use one or more of these priorities for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2013 and later years. We take this action to focus research attention on areas of national need. We intend these priorities to improve community living and participation, health and function, and employment outcomes of individuals with disabilities. PMID:23767077

2013-06-11

465

Aeronautical Mobile Satellite Experiment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The various activities and findings of a NASA/FAA/COMSAT/INMARSAT collaborative aeronautical mobile satellite experiment are detailed. The primary objective of the experiment was to demonstrate and evaluate an advanced digital mobile satellite terminal de...

T. C. Jedrey K. I. Dessouky N. E. Lay

1990-01-01

466

Make a Mobile!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners make mobiles to explore the concepts of balance, counterbalance, weight, and counterweight. Learners are encouraged to work in groups or with their families to create balanced mobiles using a variety of materials of varying weights.

Museum, Chicago C.

2010-01-01

467

Ion mobility sensor system  

DOEpatents

An ion mobility sensor system including an ion mobility spectrometer and a differential mobility spectrometer coupled to the ion mobility spectrometer. The ion mobility spectrometer has a first chamber having first end and a second end extending along a first direction, and a first electrode system that generates a constant electric field parallel to the first direction. The differential mobility spectrometer includes a second chamber having a third end and a fourth end configured such that a fluid may flow in a second direction from the third end to the fourth end, and a second electrode system that generates an asymmetric electric field within an interior of the second chamber. Additionally, the ion mobility spectrometer and the differential mobility spectrometer form an interface region. Also, the first end and the third end are positioned facing one another so that the constant electric field enters the third end and overlaps the fluid flowing in the second direction.

Xu, Jun; Watson, David B.; Whitten, William B.

2013-01-22

468

Intelligent Mobility Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents activities to develop and equip a laboratory for robot mobility research and development. The laboratory includes mobile robots, testing systems, instrumentation, analysis tools, as well as test and analysis procedures. Robot mobilit...

G. Witus

2006-01-01

469

Fatigability in Basic Indoor Mobility in Nonagenarians  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES Older adults’ subjective feelings of fatigue have been considered an important indicator of functional decline in old age. However, fatigue in the fastest growing segment of the older population, the oldest old, has not been reported in previous studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and associated health factors of indoor mobility related fatigability among nonagenarians. DESIGN A cross-sectional observational study of all Danes born 1905 assessed in 1998. SETTING Community, sheltered housing and nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS 92-93-year old persons (n=1181) who were independent of help in basic indoor mobility. MEASUREMENTS Fatigability in basic indoor mobility was defined as a subjective feeling of fatigue when transferring or walking indoors. Other standardized assessments include self-report measures of medical history, as well as performance-based assessments of walking speed and maximum hand grip strength. RESULTS In total, every fourth (26%) of the participants reported fatigability when transferring or walking indoors and fatigability was more common among participants living in sheltered housing as compared to those living independently (32% vs. 23%, p<.001). Cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal pain, medications, walking speed and depressive symptoms were independently associated with fatigability. CONCLUSION Fatigability in very basic everyday mobility is relatively common in non-disabled nonagenarians. The results also indicate important associations between fatigability and potentially modifiable health factors.

Manty, Minna; Ekmann, Anette; Thinggaard, Mikael; Christensen, Kaare; Avlund, Kirsten

2012-01-01

470

Burden of restraint, disablement, and ethnic identity: a case study of total joint replacement for osteoarthritis.  

PubMed

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman's reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the multiple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions. PMID:21767094

Harrison, Tracie

2011-08-01

471

Burden of Restraint, Disablement and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of Total Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Health disparities in total joint replacement have been documented based on gender and ethnicity in multiple countries. Absent are studies exploring the meaning of the procedures among diverse women, which is necessary to fully understand the impact of the disparity. Drawing on ethnographic data from a life course exploration of disablement among Mexican American women with mobility impairments, one woman’s reasons for forgoing a joint replacement are considered. It is suggested that inequalities in disablement cannot be understood without considering the mulitple cultural conflicts and loyalties that push and pull women in multiple directions.

Harrison, Tracie

2010-01-01

472

Retinal Microvascular Signs and Disability in the Cardiovascular Health Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Retinal microvascular signs are associated with systemic conditions and cognitive decline. We studied the associations of microvascular changes, measured by retinal signs, with disability in performing activities of daily living (ADL). Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Community. Participants 1487 participants in the Cardiovascular Health Study (mean age 78 years) who were free of ADL disability and had available data on retinal signs and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) at the 1998–99 visit. Main Outcome Measure Incident ADL disability, defined as self-reported difficulty in performing any ADLs, by the presence of retinal signs and advanced carotid atherosclerosis, defined by carotid IMT ? 80th percentile or ? 25% stenosis; and potential mediation by cerebral microvascular disease on brain imaging or by executive dysfunction, slow gait, and depressive mood that are symptoms of frontal subcortical dysfunction. Results During the median follow-up of 3.1 years (maximum 7.8 years), participants with ? 2 retinal signs had a higher rate of disability than those with < 2 retinal signs (10.1% versus 7.1%; adjusted hazards ratio, 1.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.24–1.69; P < 0.001). There was no evidence of interaction by advanced carotid atherosclerosis (P > 0.10). The association seemed to be partially mediated by executive dysfunction, slow gait, and depressive symptoms, but not by cerebral microvascular disease on brain imaging. Conclusions These results provide further support for the pathophysiologic and prognostic significance of microvascular disease in age-related disability. However, it remains to be determined how to best utilize retinal photography in the clinical risk prediction.

Kim, Dae Hyun; Chaves, Paulo H. M.; Newman, Anne B.; Klein, Ronald; Sarnak, Mark J.; Newton, Elizabeth; Strotmeyer, Elsa S.; Burke, Gregory L.; Lipsitz, Lewis A.

2012-01-01

473

Relationship between Obesity, Depression, and Disability in Middle-Aged Women  

PubMed Central

Background Obesity and depression are closely linked, and each has been associated with disability. However, few studies have assessed inter-relationships between these conditions. Design and Methods In this study, 4 641 women aged 40-65 completed a structured telephone interview including self-reported height and weight, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) assessment of depression, and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS II). The survey response rate was 62%. We used multivariable regression models to assess relationships between obesity, depression, and disability. Results The mean age was 52 years; 82% were white; and 80% were currently employed. One percent were underweight, 39% normal weight, 27% overweight, and 34% obese. Mild depressive symptoms were present in 23% and moderate-to-severe symptoms were present in 13%. After multivariable adjustment, depression was a strong independent predictor of worse disability in all 7 domains (cognition, mobility, self-care, social interaction, role functioning, household, and work), but obesity was only a significant predictor of greater mobility, role-functioning, household, and work limitations (P<0.05) (overweight was not significantly associated with any disability domain). Overall, the effect on disability was stronger and more pervasive for depression than obesity, and there was no significant interaction between the two conditions (P>0.05). Overweight and obesity were associated with 5 760 days of absenteeism per 1 000 person-years, and depression was associated with 18 240 days of absenteeism per 1 000 person-years. Conclusions The strong relationships between depression, obesity and disability suggest that these conditions should be routinely screened and treated among middle-aged women.

Arterburn, David; Westbrook, Emily O.; Ludman, Evette J.; Operskalski, Belinda; Linde, Jennifer A.; Rohde, Paul; Jeffery, Robert W.; Simon, Greg E

2012-01-01

474

Mobility and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter theme issue deals with the phenomenon of mobility or transience in India, Kenya, Greece, Ireland, Malaysia, Thailand and Israel. The primary focus is on mobility's effect on young children, specifically their health and education; some of the broader concerns also addressed by the newsletter are the causes of mobility and its…

Bernard van Leer Foundation Newsletter, 1994

1994-01-01

475

Teleporting - Mobile X Sessions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines issues involved in making an X session mobile. A mobile X sessionis one which is not fixed to a particular X display, but can be materialised on demand atany suitable display. The Teleporting System developed at Olivetti Research Laboratory(ORL) is a tool for experiencing mobile X sessions. It provides a familiar, personalisedway of making temporary use of

Tristan Richardson

1995-01-01

476

Vehicular Mobile Commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing interest in mobile commerce among users, service providers, content developers, businesses, and researchers has spawned many new applications ncluding location-based services, mobile financial services, multiparty interactive games, and mobile auctions. Most of these applications are designed to be accessible via personal digital assistants or cell phones, but handhelds have limited capabilities and are impractical or dangerous to use while

Upkar Varshney

2004-01-01

477

Mobile Student Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: A mobile student information system (MSIS) based on mobile computing and context-aware application concepts can provide more user-centric information services to students. The purpose of this paper is to describe a system for providing relevant information to students on a mobile platform. Design/methodology/approach: The research…

Asif, Muhammad; Krogstie, John

2011-01-01

478

Mobile Student Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: A mobile student information system (MSIS) based on mobile computing and context-aware application concepts can provide more user-centric information services to students. The purpose of this paper is to describe a system for providing relevant information to students on a mobile platform. Design/methodology/approach: The research…

Asif, Muhammad; Krogstie, John

2011-01-01

479

Mobile and ubiquitous malware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile malware is an increasing threat to the world of handheld devices, which can prove to be costlier than PC viruses in the future. The current method used to combat mobile malware is virus signature matching which is based on the slow process of reverse engineering. This paper studies the growth, spread and generic behaviors of mobile and ubiquitous malware

Yean Li Ho; Swee-Huay Heng

2009-01-01

480

Mobility control agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) by means of steam drive, for heavier crudes, and COâ flooding, for lighter, mobilizes oil left behind by more conventional methods and displaces it to producing wells. In higher mobility, fingering, and flow of the drive or flood substance through low permeability paths, reduces the efficiency of EOR. Mobility control agents block these permeable paths. Five

E. C. Hammershaimb; V. A. KuugKraa

1983-01-01

481

Complex Mobile Multiagent Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile agents as network computing technology has been applied to solve various parallel and distributed computing problems, including parallel processing, information search and network management. Protection of the mobile agents in the network and against the hosts is a difficult task. In this paper, we analyze the increased security solutions provided by a novel class of mobile agents called ICMA

Barna László Iantovics; Bogdan Crainicu

2008-01-01

482

Seattle's Mobile City Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The City of Seattle's pioneering Mobile City Government Project has received wide attention, since it promises greatly improved fieldwork operations in local government. Three years into operation and with another fieldwork unit in the process of adopting mobile applications, our research studies the work domains of the units involved to better understand the premises, requirements, and effects of fully mobile,

Raya Fidel; Jens-Erik Mai; Kristene Unsworth

483

Critical coupling at oblique incidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study critical coupling at oblique incidence and show the suppression of both reflection and transmission in a multilayered system having a two-component metal-dielectric composite film as the top layer. Almost total absorption of the incident electromagnetic energy in the composite film is shown to be possible for both TE and TM polarization of the incident light. Moreover, the scattering

Subimal Deb; Shourya Dutta Gupta; J. Banerji

2007-01-01

484

Critical coupling at oblique incidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study critical coupling at oblique incidence and show the suppression of both reflection and transmission in a multilayered system having a two-component metal–dielectric composite film as the top layer. Almost total absorption of the incident electromagnetic energy in the composite film is shown to be possible for both TE and TM polarization of the incident light. Moreover, the scattering

Subimal Deb; Shourya Dutta Gupta; J Banerji

2007-01-01

485

Incident Management: Process into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tornados, shootings, fires--these are emergencies that require fast action by school district personnel, but they are not the only incidents that require risk management. The authors have introduced the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and the Incident Command System (ICS) and assured that these systems can help educators plan for and…

Isaac, Gayle; Moore, Brian

2011-01-01

486

European experts' view on senior citizens mobility conditions and solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents results of the research project SIZE (Life quality of senior citizens in relation to mobility conditions), funded by the EC within the 5th framework programme, RTD programme “quality of life and living resources”, key action “the ageing population and disabilities”, contract No QLK6-CT-2002-02399 . Nine research partners (representing eight European countries, namely Austria, Czech, Ireland, Germany, Italy,

Lidia Zakowska

2007-01-01

487

Charting the progression of disability in parkinson disease: study protocol for a prospective longitudinal cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background People with Parkinson disease (PD), even in the presence of symptomatic relief from medical, surgical, and rehabilitative interventions, face a persistent worsening of disability. This disability is characterized by diminished quality of life, reduced functional mobility, declining performance in activities of daily living and worsening neurological impairments. While evidence has emerged supporting the clinically meaningful benefits of short-term exercise programs on these underlying factors, assertions regarding the effects of sustained programs of exercise and physical activity on the trajectory of disablement in PD are made in the absence of direct evidence. Indeed, the natural decline in quality of life and functional mobility in people diagnosed with PD is poorly understood. Moreover, outcome measures commonly used in clinical exercise trials typically do not capture the full spectrum of disability as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO). Methods/Design The objective of this multicenter prospective study will be to examine the 2-year trajectory of disablement in a cohort of persons with PD. Two hundred sixty participants will be recruited to produce an expected final sample size of 150 individuals. Participants will be included if they are greater than 40 years of age, have a neurologist confirmed diagnosis of idiopathic PD, and are at Hoehn and Yahr stages 1 through 4. Data will be collected every 6 months during the study period. Primary outcome measures reflecting a broad spectrum of disablement will include, but will not be limited to, MDS-UPDRS, Timed Up and Go, Berg Balance Test, Nine Hole Peg Test, PDQ-39, and directly monitored ambulatory activity. Self-reported exercise and physical activity data also will be recorded. Statistical analyses will be used to characterize the trajectory of disablement and examine the influence of its underlying contributing factors. Discussion Tertiary prevention is an important component of contemporary healthcare for individuals living with degenerative disease. For individuals with PD, there is growing recognition that exercise and/or physical activity efforts to slow the rate of functional mobility decline, in particular, may be critical for optimizing quality of life. By describing the natural trajectory of disablement, exercise habits, and physical activity in a cohort of persons with PD, this investigation will establish an important foundation for future intervention research. Specifically, through the evaluation of the influence of sustained exercise and physical activity on disablement, the study will serve as a preliminary step toward developing a randomized controlled trial of long-term exercise in persons with PD.

2010-01-01

488

Disability and coal workers' pneumoconiosis.  

PubMed

The Industrial Injuries Advisory Council has reaffirmed the view that simple pneumoconiosis does not produce disability or shorten life. This is often true but, without overlooking the importance of chronic bronchitis, such conclusions are wrong in many instances.Chronic bronchitis is probably commoner in miners without pneumoconiosis than in those with it, and an uneven distribution of bronchitis may mask the effects of pneumoconiosis. Cough and sputum in a miner with pneumoconiosis are not always due to chronic bronchitis. Disability is usually judged on measurement of vital capacity and forced expiratory volume, factors which cannot be expected to be significantly altered by simple pneumoconiosis alone. Other tests may show abnormalities which lead to ventilation and perfusion inequalities and to an increase in the ventilatory cost of exercise. Focal emphysema, often a consequence of simple pneumoconiosis, develops slowly and its influence on disability is delayed.Disagreements arise because epidemiologists expect all lungs with simple pneumoconiosis react in the same way, and they want a quantitative relation between simple pneumoconiosis and emphysema before attributing one to the other.There are major difficulties in assessing disability but there is little justification for the regular application of the rule that if the results of ventilatory tests are normal disability is not present and if they are abnormal this is due to something other than simple pneumoconiosis. PMID:4276109

Davies, D

1974-06-22

489

The relationship between the disability prevalence of cataracts and ambient erythemal ultraviolet radiation in China.  

PubMed

In Western countries, ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin cancer has been studied extensively regarding the high incidence of skin cancers in the white population; however, for people of color, cataracts are the main public health issue in relation to increased ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR). To our knowledge, few studies have been conducted examining the relationship between cataracts and ambient UVR in China. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship between and the factors influencing the disability prevalence of cataracts and annual ambient erythemal UVR exposure in 31 regions of China. The data used to determine the disability prevalence of cataracts was obtained from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability. The regional annual erythemal UVR was calculated using Geographic Information System (GIS) methods based on data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) database. The relationship between the disability prevalence of cataracts and the annual ambient erythemal UVR was examined by using logistic regression. Both the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts (OR = 3.97, 95%CI 1.30-12.13, per 100KJ/m(2) increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old (OR = 3.97, 95%CI 1.30-12.13, per 100KJ/m(2) increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) were higher in association with higher ambient erythemal UVR. Regions with higher urbanization and educational levels had lower disability prevalence of cataracts. We found positive associations of the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old with ambient erythemal UVR in 31 regions of China. PMID:23226480

Wang, Yang; Yu, Jiaming; Gao, Qian; Hu, Liwen; Gao, Na; Gong, Huizhi; Liu, Yang

2012-11-30

490

The Relationship between the Disability Prevalence of Cataracts and Ambient Erythemal Ultraviolet Radiation in China  

PubMed Central

In Western countries, ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin cancer has been studied extensively regarding the high incidence of skin cancers in the white population; however, for people of color, cataracts are the main public health issue in relation to increased ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR). To our knowledge, few studies have been conducted examining the relationship between cataracts and ambient UVR in China. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship between and the factors influencing the disability prevalence of cataracts and annual ambient erythemal UVR exposure in 31 regions of China. The data used to determine the disability prevalence of cataracts was obtained from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability. The regional annual erythemal UVR was calculated using Geographic Information System (GIS) methods based on data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) database. The relationship between the disability prevalence of cataracts and the annual ambient erythemal UVR was examined by using logistic regression. Both the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts (OR?=?3.97, 95%CI 1.30–12.13, per 100KJ/m2 increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old (OR?=?3.97, 95%CI 1.30–12.13, per 100KJ/m2 increase in annual ambient erythemal UVR) were higher in association with higher ambient erythemal UVR. Regions with higher urbanization and educational levels had lower disability prevalence of cataracts. We found positive associations of the age-standardized disability prevalence of cataracts and the disability prevalence of cataracts among a population ?65 years old with ambient erythemal UVR in 31 regions of China.

Wang, Yang; Yu, Jiaming; Gao, Qian; Hu, Liwen; Gao, Na; Gong, Huizhi; Liu, Yang

2012-01-01

491

20 CFR 404.1505 - Basic definition of disability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Disability and Blindness Definition of Disability § 404.1505 Basic definition of disability. (a) The law defines disability as the inability to do any substantial...medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be...

2013-04-01

492

Elevated Serum Carboxymethyl-Lysine, an Advanced Glycation End Product, Predicts Severe Walking Disability in Older Women: The Women's Health and Aging Study I  

PubMed Central

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia. Our aim was to characterize the relationship between serum carboxymethyl-lysine (CML), a major circulating AGE, and incident severe walking disability (inability to walk or walking speed <0.4?m/sec) over 30 months of followup in 394 moderately to severely disabled women, ?65 years, living in the community in Baltimore, Maryland (the Women's Health and Aging Study I). During followup, 154 (26.4%) women developed severe walking disability, and 23 women died. Women in the highest quartile of serum CML had increased risk of developing of severe walking disability in a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, adjusting for age and other potential confounders. Women with elevated serum CML are at an increased risk of developing severe walking disability. AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor. Further work is needed to establish a causal relationship between AGEs and walking disability.

Sun, Kai; Semba, Richard D.; Fried, Linda P.; Schaumberg, Debra A.; Ferrucci, Luigi; Varadhan, Ravi

2012-01-01

493

Effective Laboratory Experiences for Students with Disabilities: The Role of a Student Laboratory Assistant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two separate experiences with students whose disabilities significantly limited the number of laboratory activities they could accomplish independently has given us a general experience base for determining successful strategies for accommodating students facing these situatiuons. For a student who had substantially limited physical mobility and for a student who had no visual ability, employing a student laboratory assistant allowed the students with disabilities to have a productive and positive laboratory experience. One of the priorities in these situations should be to avoid depersonalizing the student with a disability. Interactions with the instructor and with other students should focus on the disabled student rather than the student laboratory assistant who may be carrying out specific tasks. One of the most crucial aspects of a successful project is the selection of a laboratory assistant who has excellent interpersonal skills and who will add his or her creativity to that of the student with a disability to meet unforeseen challenges. Other considerations are discussed, such as the importance of advance notification that a disabled student has enrolled in a course as well as factors that should contribute to choosing an optimum laboratory station for each situation.

Pence, Laura E.; Workman, Harry J.; Riecke, Pauline

2003-03-01

494

Coping with school stress: a comparison of adolescents with and without learning disabilities.  

PubMed

The experience of school-related stress during the transition to junior high school is compared in a sample of 59 students with learning disabilities (27 females, 32 males) and 402 students without learning disabilities (241 females, 161 males). Using a checklist of 11 stressful school events, the authors found that adolescents with learning disabilities were more likely to report that they had failed a class and less likely to report they had been chosen for a school activity than their non-learning disabled peers. However, the two groups of students did not differ in their perceived stressfulness of any of the pertinent school events. Students with learning disabilities reported relying on cognitive avoidance as a coping strategy more heavily than did non-learning disabled students when coping with an academic stress event, and reported that they mobilized fewer peers for social support when dealing with an academic stressor or with an interpersonal problem. The implications of these differences for the students' well-being are discussed. It is also suggested that school policies need to be examined for their impact on the opportunity for students with special needs to form supportive peer relations within the school environment. PMID:8732890

Geisthardt, C; Munsch, J

1996-05-01

495

ESCAP mobile training scheme.  

PubMed

In response to a United Nations resolution, the Mobile Training Scheme (MTS) was set up to provide training to the trainers of national cadres engaged in frontline and supervisory tasks in social welfare and rural development. The training is innovative in its being based on an analysis of field realities. The MTS team consisted of a leader, an expert on teaching methods and materials, and an expert on action research and evaluation. The country's trainers from different departments were sent to villages to work for a short period and to report their problems in fulfilling their roles. From these grass roots experiences, they made an analysis of the job, determining what knowledge, attitude and skills it required. Analysis of daily incidents and problems were used to produce indigenous teaching materials drawn from actual field practice. How to consider the problems encountered through government structures for policy making and decisions was also learned. Tasks of the students were to identify the skills needed for role performance by job analysis, daily diaries and project histories; to analyze the particular community by village profiles; to produce indigenous teaching materials; and to practice the role skills by actual role performance. The MTS scheme was tried in Nepal in 1974-75; 3 training programs trained 25 trainers and 51 frontline workers; indigenous teaching materials were created; technical papers written; and consultations were provided. In Afghanistan the scheme was used in 1975-76; 45 participants completed the training; seminars were held; and an ongoing Council was created. It is hoped that the training program will be expanded to other countries. PMID:12265562

Yasas, F M

1977-01-01

496

Investigate incidents with MRC  

SciTech Connect

Incident reports often say that the root cause of an accident was failure to follow established procedures. There are two inherent fallacies in this statement. The first is singling out one cause above all others as the root cause. Identifying only one cause is usually oversimplistic and can result in seriously incomplete preventive measures. This paper reports on the concept of multiple root cause (MRC) which is receiving increased recognition as a more effective model. The second fallacy is identifying 'failure to follow established procedure' as a 'root' cause. The underlying reasons for failing to follow the procedure must be identified, evaluated and corrected. If the investigation stops prematurely (and thus fails to address these underlying causes), then preventive actions will likely be incomplete and thereby less effective.

Philley, J. (Haliburton NUS, Environmental Corp., Houston, TX (United States))

1992-09-01

497

Locus of Control Orientations in Students with Intellectual Disability, Learning Disabilities, and No Disabilities: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has suggested differences in the locus of control (LOC) orientations of students with intellectual disability, learning disabilities, and no disabilities, although this research has been characterized by methodological limitations. The purpose of this study was to examine the development of LOC orientations in students with…

Shogren, Karrie A.; Bovaird, James A.; Palmer, Susan B.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2010-01-01

498

The Positive Effects of Early Powered Mobility on Children's Psychosocial and Play Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Powered mobility can have an important cognitive and psychosocial impact on young children who are unable to move independently. Twenty-three children with physical disabilities between the ages of 18 months and 6 years participated. Data evaluating social skills, frequency of mobility play activities, frequency of interaction with toys\\/objects, and play\\/verbal developmental levels were collected at wheelchair evaluation, wheelchair delivery and

Paula Guerette; Jan Furumasu; Donita Tefft

2012-01-01

499

Mobility change-of-state detection using a smartphone-based approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the mobility of people with physical disabilities is important for rehabilitation decision making. This paper presents a smartphone-based approach to mobility monitoring. The BlackBerry-based system is clipped to the person's belt. This approach uses an accelerometer signal to identify changes-of-state caused by starting\\/stopping and postural change. Our finding suggests that a smartphone integrated with an accelerometer could detect changes

G. Hache; E. D. Lemaire; N. Baddour

2010-01-01

500

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides information about Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disabled and blind recipients who work and receive earnings. The report presents data on all SSI disabled recipients who work, section 1619 participants, and recipients who benefit ...

2006-01-01