Note: This page contains sample records for the topic indium 113 from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Tracking the Sources of Indium to the Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indium is an important metal whose production is increasing dramatically due to new uses in the rapidly growing electronics, photovoltaic, and LED industries. Little is known about the natural or industrial cycling of indium, and although toxicity has been shown, toxicological data is incomplete and indium is not currently regulated in the United States. A review of the literature has shown that industrial releases of indium to the environment presently dominate natural fluxes. Mining and coal burning are the primary industrial sources of indium to the environment, with releases from the semiconductor industry small at present. This scenario may change with the rapid growth of semiconductor industries. In order to quantify releases of indium to the environment, it may be useful to exploit differences in the ratio of indium’s two stable isotopes, indium-113 and indium-115, from various sources. This method of source-tracking has proven useful for elements such as lead, where pollutant sources have significantly different isotopic ratios. Few measurements of indium isotopes have been published, and are mainly for purified indium metal or indium compounds; none are for environmental samples. The most recent measurements have shown 95.67 - 95.77% indium-115 and 4.23 - 4.33% indium-113, suggesting a range of natural isotopic abundances of at least 25 per mil. Our own measurements of highly purified, semiconductor grade indium show 95.9% indium-115 and 4.1% indium-113, indicating this range may be even larger. However, while the differences may be attributed to natural variation in isotopic ratios due to source differences or fractionation during processing, they could also be due to analytical error such as instrument fractionation. No isotopic reference material apparently exists with which to normalize measurements, therefore the reporting of absolute isotope percentages and lab-to-lab comparisons are difficult. Additionally, we have seen only a 0.5 per mil difference between the isotopic ratios of two different semiconductor-grade (99.999% pure) indium samples obtained from different sources. This suggests that there may not be a large enough difference to easily distinguish between semiconductor sources, but the possibility still exists that there are larger differences for less-purified or non-purified samples.

White, S. O.; Hemond, H.

2009-12-01

2

M113: Armored Rescuer  

NASA Video Gallery

The space shuttle required a unique rescue vehicle, one strong enough to bull its way into a launch pad and carry a flight crew and firefighters to safety. The answer is a group of M113 armored per...

3

STS-113 Crew Patch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

JOHNSON SPACE CENTER, HOUSTON, TEXAS - (STS113-S-001 September 2002) -- This is the crew patch for the STS-113 mission, which will be the 11th American (11A) assembly flight to the International Space Station (ISS). The primary mission will be to take the Expedition Six crew to the ISS and return the Expedition Five crew to Earth. STS-113 will be the first flight in the assembly sequence to install a major component in addition to performing a crew exchange. The Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly (P1) will be the first truss segment on the left side of the ISS. P1 will provide an additinal three External Thermal Control System radiators, adding to the three radiators on the Starboard 1 (S1) Integrated Truss Assembly. The installation and outfitting of P1 will require three extravehicular activities (spacewalks) as well as coordination between the Shuttle Robotic Manipulator System and the Space Station Robotic Manipulator System. The patch depicts the Space Shuttle Endeavour docked to the ISS during the installation of the P1 truss withthe gold astronaut symbol in the background. The seven stars at the top left center of the patch are the seven brightest stars in the constellation Orion. They represent the combined seven crew members (four Shuttle and three Expedition Six). The three stars to the right of the astronaut symbol represent the returning Expedition Five crew members. The Roman Numeral CXIII represents the mission number 113. The NASA insignia design for Shuttle space flights is reserved for use by the astronauts and other official use as the NASA Administrator may authorize. Public availability has been approved only in the form of illustrations by the various news media. When and if there is any change in this policy, which is not anticipated, such will be publicly announced.

2002-01-01

4

Platelet labelling with indium-hydroxypyridinone and indium-hydroxypyranone complexes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to identify new compounds which label platelets without affecting their function, three classes of metal chelating agents have been compared with oxine for their efficiency of indium-113m platelet labelling and for their short- and long-term effects on platelet function. The 3-hydroxypyridinones (both 2-ones and 4-ones) and 3-hydroxypyranones are bidentate chelators of trivalent metal ions that are neutrally charged

R. D. Abeysinghe; B. L. Ellis; R. C. Hider; J. B. Porter

1994-01-01

5

Interstitials on Si 113 surface.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the energetics of a Si 113 reconstructed surface with respect to the interstitial concentration and perform dynamics simulations at high temperatures in a tight-binding representation. Recent experiments and first-principle calculations(J. Dabrowski et al.), Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1660 (1994). have shown that Si 113 surface is very stable due to incorporating subsurface interstitials. In addition, interstitials are known to condense on 113 plane in bulk Si, forming so called 113 defects.(J. Kim et al.), Phys. Rev. B 55, 16186 (1997) and references therein. We investigate (i) the role of interstitials in stabilizing the surface reconstruction; (ii) migration of interstitials at high temperatures; (iii) transition from (3× 2) to (3× 1) reconstruction; (iv) possible links between the subsurface interstitials on 113 surface and the extended 113 defects; and (v) the relative stability of interstitials on low index surfaces.

Trinkle, Dallas R.; Kim, Jeongnim; Wilkins, John W.

1998-03-01

6

Metals fact sheet - indium  

SciTech Connect

Indium is generally found in concentrations averaging 10 to 20 ppm in sphalerite and chalcopyrite ores associated with zinc, copper, lead and tin deposits. Indium is recovered as a by-product of base metal mining by open pit, underground and other methods. After the recovery of zinc by the electrolytic process (copper concentrate by flotation, and lead and tin by electrolysis), indium antimonide slimes left on the anode and the indium-containing spent electrolyte become the input material for the processing of indium. Sulfuric acid is combined with the residues and heated to form sulfates which are then leached with water to filter off the remaining tin, lead and antimony. The indium in solution is recovered by cementation on aluminum, washed, melted, and refined into a metal.

NONE

1994-01-01

7

29 CFR 1917.113 - Clearance heights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Clearance heights. 1917.113 Section 1917.113 Labor ...Terminal Facilities § 1917.113 Clearance heights. Clearance heights shall be prominently posted where the height...

2013-07-01

8

14 CFR 1240.113 - Financial accounting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financial accounting. 1240.113 Section 1240.113 Aeronautics...Scientific and Technical Contributions § 1240.113 Financial accounting. (a) An Award Check Receipt (NHQ...

2010-01-01

9

14 CFR 1240.113 - Financial accounting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 5 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Financial accounting. 1240.113 Section 1240.113 Aeronautics...Scientific and Technical Contributions § 1240.113 Financial accounting. (a) An Award Check Receipt (NHQ...

2009-01-01

10

14 CFR 1215.113 - User charges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...113 Section 1215.113 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS) Use and Reimbursement Policy for Non-U.S. Government Users § 1215.113 User charges....

2014-01-01

11

Development of Indium Arsenide and Indium Antimonide Surface Barrier Photodiodes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The program is concerned with the development of high performance' indium arsenide and indium antimonide photodetectors with enhanced sensitivity and increased bandwidth, applicable to infrared laser radiation detection and infrared image sensing. Experim...

H. L. Sachs P. Wendland

1970-01-01

12

18 CFR 401.113 - Segregable materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true Segregable materials. 401.113 Section 401.113 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and...

2013-04-01

13

32 CFR 643.113 - Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01...113 Section 643.113 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE...determines whether a banking facility is self-sustaining and notifies the...

2013-07-01

14

21 CFR 556.113 - Ceftiofur.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Ceftiofur. 556.113 Section 556.113 Food...Residues of New Animal Drugs § 556.113 Ceftiofur. (a) Acceptable daily intake and...ADI) . The ADI for total residues of ceftiofur is 30 micrograms per kilogram of...

2010-04-01

15

21 CFR 556.113 - Ceftiofur.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Ceftiofur. 556.113 Section 556.113 Food...Residues of New Animal Drugs § 556.113 Ceftiofur. (a) Acceptable daily intake and...ADI) . The ADI for total residues of ceftiofur is 30 micrograms per kilogram of...

2009-04-01

16

21 CFR 163.113 - Cocoa.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Cocoa. 163.113 Section 163.113 Food and Drugs...Specific Standardized Cacao Products § 163.113 Cocoa. (a) Description. Cocoa is the food that conforms to the definition...

2013-04-01

17

47 CFR 97.113 - Prohibited transmissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Prohibited transmissions. 97.113 Section 97.113 ...Standards § 97.113 Prohibited transmissions. (a) No amateur station shall...least 30 days in advance of the actual transmissions; and where the control operator...

2013-10-01

18

49 CFR 213.113 - Defective rails.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Defective rails. 213.113 Section 213.113 Transportation...Track Structure § 213.113 Defective rails. (a) When an owner of track to which...through inspection or otherwise, that a rail in that track contains any of the...

2013-10-01

19

49 CFR 571.113 - Standard No. 113; Hood latch system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Standard No. 113; Hood latch system. 571.113 Section 571...TRANSPORTATION § 571.113 Standard No. 113; Hood latch system. S1. Purpose and scope...establishes the requirement for providing a hood latch system or hood latch systems....

2009-10-01

20

49 CFR 571.113 - Standard No. 113; Hood latch system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Standard No. 113; Hood latch system. 571.113 Section 571...Standards § 571.113 Standard No. 113; Hood latch system. S1. Purpose and scope...establishes the requirement for providing a hood latch system or hood latch systems....

2010-10-01

21

9 CFR 113.452 - Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Antibody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Antibody. 113.452 Section 113.452 ...AND VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Antibody Products § 113.452 Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Antibody. Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae...

2009-01-01

22

9 CFR 113.452 - Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Antibody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Antibody. 113.452 Section 113.452 ...AND VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Antibody Products § 113.452 Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Antibody. Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae...

2010-01-01

23

Indium sealing techniques.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Gold films are used as an alloying flux to form 5-micron-thick indium film seals at temperatures below 300 C. Pyrex was sealed to quartz, ULE, CER-VIT, Irtran 2, Ge, GaAs, Invar, Kovar, Al, and Cu. The seals can also be used as current feedthroughs and graded seals.

Hochuli, U.; Haldemann, P.

1972-01-01

24

STS-113 Post Flight Presentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The STS-113 post-flight presentation begins with a view of Mission Specialists Michael E. Lopez-Alegria and John B. Herrington getting suited for the space mission. The STS-113 crew consists of: Commander James D. Wetherbee, Pilot Paul Lockhart, Mission Specialists Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington. Cosmonauts Valery Korzun, and Sergei Treschev, and astronaut Peggy Whitson who are all members of the expedition five crew, and Commander Kenneth Bowersox, Flight Engineers Nikolai Budarin and Donald Pettit, members of Expedition Six. The main goal of this mission is to take Expedition Six up to the International Space Station and Return Expedition Five to the Earth. The second objective is to install the P(1) Truss segment. Three hours prior to launch, the crew of Expedition Six along with James Wetherbee, Paul Lockhart, Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington are shown walking to an astrovan, which takes them to the launch pad. The actual liftoff is presented. Three Extravehicular Activities (EVA)'s are performed on this mission. Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington are shown performing EVA 1 and EVA 2 which include making connections between the P1 and S(0) Truss segments, and installing fluid jumpers. A panoramic view of the ISS with the Earth in the background is shown. The grand ceremony of the crew exchange is presented. The astronauts performing everyday duties such as brushing teeth, washing hair, sleeping, and eating pistachio nuts are shown. The actual landing of the Space Shuttle is presented.

2002-01-01

25

Indium oxide, tin oxide and indium tin oxide nanostructure growth by vapor deposition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium oxide, tin oxide and indium tin oxide nanowires have been grown by vapor deposition on Si and quartz substrates. Under the growth conditions used, pure SiOx nanowires, a mixture of SiOx and indium oxide, tin oxide or indium tin oxide nanostructures, or pure indium oxide, tin oxide or indium tin oxide nanostructures could be obtained at different substrate temperatures.

M. K. Fung; K. K. Wong; X. Y. Chen; Y. F. Chan; A. M. C. Ng; A. B. Djuriši?; W. K. Chan

26

Endeavor STS-113 Mission Launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the International Space Station (ISS) launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavor STS-113. Mission objectives included the delivery of the Expedition Six Crew to the ISS, the return of Expedition Five crew back to Earth, and the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly (P1). The first major component installed on the left side of the Station, the P1 truss provides an additional three External Thermal Control System radiators. Weighing in at 27,506 pounds, the P1 truss is 45 feet (13.7 meters) long, 15 feet (4.6 meters) wide, and 13 feet (4 meters) high. Three space walks, aided by the use of the Robotic Manipulator Systems of both the Shuttle and the Station, were performed in the installation of P1.

2002-01-01

27

Extraction of indium from indium-zinc concentrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new process for extracting indium from indium-zinc concentrates was proposed. The process can directly extract indium from removed copper solution by D2EHPA, and cancel the stage of removing iron in the traditional process because of using iron and part of zinc in the In-Zn concentrates for direct preparing high quality Mn-Zn soft magnetic ferrites. The technologies in the processes,

Shi-qing LI; Mo-tang TANG; Jing HE; Sheng-hai YANG; Chao-bo TANG; Yong-ming CHEN

2006-01-01

28

Diffusion in a Liquid Indium-Tin Alloy at the Eutectic Concentration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self diffusion coefficients for the two tracers In114 and Sn113 in the liquid alloy indium-tin at the eutectic composition have been measured as a function of temperature in the range 200°C–450°C. The customary Arrhenius equation is used to describe the experimental results. For indium as a tracer we obtained D=(42.5±5.7) 10?5 exp?2771±158RTcm2?sec, and for tin D=(11.7±1.7) 10?5 exp?1380±156RTcm2?sec. It is

A. Paoletti; M. Vicentini

1961-01-01

29

Indium-rich indium-magnesium and indium-lithium alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

For comparison with the results obtained from alloys of indium with solute metals from Group IIB of the periodic table, the lattice spacings of indium-magnesium and indium-lithium alloys have been measured. Although the results show an unexpected scatter, they establish that neither magnesium nor lithium cause a marked axial ratio decrease. A possible reason for this behaviour is briefly discussed.The

J. Graham; G. V. Raynor

1957-01-01

30

High efficiency indium tin oxide\\/indium phosphide solar cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar cells have been fabaricated by RF sputter depositing indium tin oxide onto single crystal p-type indium phosphide. Four different substrate doping densities have been used but in all cases the dopant was zinc and the wafers were (100) oriented. The optimum doping density from the range studied was 3 x 10 to the 16th per cu cm and devices

T. J. Coutts; S. Naseem

1985-01-01

31

42 CFR 56.113 - Grantee accountability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Grantee accountability. 56.113 Section...SERVICES General Provisions § 56.113 Grantee accountability. (a) Accounting for...the Secretary shall be recorded by the grantee in accounting records separate...

2013-10-01

32

Processing of indium: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium is an important by-product of zinc metal processing operations. Indium and other metal values are recovered during the production of primary commodities such as zinc by means of complex procedures, many of which are proprietary to each producer. One zinc recovery method consists of the Waelz process followed by leaching and purification prior to electrolytic recovery of zinc as

A. M. Alfantazi; R. R. Moskalyk

2003-01-01

33

Bismuth-tin-indium alloy  

SciTech Connect

A substantially lead free low melting point, sealing alloy of bismuth, tin and indium consists essentially of 53 to 76 weight percent bismuth, 22 to 35 weight percent tin and 2 to 12 weight percent indium, said alloy being substantially resistant to atmospheric oxidation at temperatures up to 150/sup 0/C.

Kawakita, K.; Kobatake, S.; Murabayashi, H.; Nakamura, K.

1980-07-29

34

The Atmospheric Cycling of Indium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The industrial production of indium is increasing dramatically due to new uses in the rapidly growing electronics, photovoltaic, and LED industries. Little is known, however, about the natural or industrial cycling of indium or its environmental behavior, though industrial emissions to the atmosphere already appear to be larger than natural emissions. The literature suggests that metal smelting and coal burning are indium's primary industrial atmospheric sources, while releases from the semiconductor and electronics industries are small at present. This scenario may change with the rapid growth of indium use in these industries. In order to know more about the atmospheric concentration of indium, we measured indium in particulate matter in the northeastern United States. Archived air filter samples, collected every 6th day during 1995 from five locations in the northeastern United States, show concentrations from below detection limit (< 0.5 pg/m^3) to 6 pg/m^3. There are significant differences between samples from different locations and over the course of the year. In an effort to determine the natural and anthropogenic sources that contribute to its present concentration, we used NOAA's Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model to generate atmospheric back trajectories to constrain the sources of the indium peaks measured. The back trajectory analysis suggests that the highest indium concentrations come from the north, potentially from smelting operations, while lower concentrations are seen in air traveling from the midwestern US. Correlations of indium concentrations with other metals in the same samples suggest that air traveling from the smelter region in the north has a distinct chemical makeup from the air traveling from the west. Combining this knowledge with information about the exact makeup of emissions from coal burning and smelting processes will help to further constrain the sources of indium to the atmosphere in the northeastern United States.

White, S. O.; Hemond, H.

2011-12-01

35

49 CFR 385.113 - Administrative review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES Safety Monitoring System for Mexico-Domiciled Carriers § 385.113 Administrative review....

2013-10-01

36

9 CFR 113.451 - Tetanus Antitoxin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Antitoxin. Tetanus Antitoxin is a specific antibody product containing antibodies directed against the toxin of Clostridium tetani. Each serial shall meet the applicable general requirements provided in § 113.450 and paragraph (a)...

2009-01-01

37

9 CFR 113.451 - Tetanus Antitoxin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Antitoxin. Tetanus Antitoxin is a specific antibody product containing antibodies directed against the toxin of Clostridium tetani. Each serial shall meet the applicable general requirements provided in § 113.450 and paragraph (a)...

2010-01-01

38

9 CFR 113.114 - Tetanus Toxoid.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.114 Tetanus Toxoid. Tetanus Toxoid shall be produced from a culture of Clostridium tetani which has been inactivated and is nontoxic. The toxoid may be either absorbed, precipitated, or...

2009-01-01

39

9 CFR 113.114 - Tetanus Toxoid.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.114 Tetanus Toxoid. Tetanus Toxoid shall be produced from a culture of Clostridium tetani which has been inactivated and is nontoxic. The toxoid may be either absorbed, precipitated, or...

2010-01-01

40

7 CFR 1955.113 - Price (housing).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MANAGEMENT Disposal of Inventory Property Rural Housing (rh) Real Property § 1955.113 Price (housing...exclusive rights to purchase the property, plus an additional 30 days to any offeror, the price will be...

2010-01-01

41

49 CFR 229.113 - Warning notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators § 229.113 Warning notice. Whenever any steam generator has been shut down because...conspicuously attached near the steam generator starting controls until...

2010-10-01

42

49 CFR 229.113 - Warning notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators § 229.113 Warning notice. Whenever any steam generator has been shut down because...conspicuously attached near the steam generator starting controls until...

2009-10-01

43

49 CFR 229.113 - Warning notice.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators § 229.113 Warning notice. Whenever any steam generator has been shut down because of defects...conspicuously attached near the steam generator starting controls until the...

2013-10-01

44

40 CFR 113.5 - Exclusions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 113.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS LIABILITY LIMITS FOR SMALL ONSHORE...throughout is more than their fixed oil storage capacity. (b) Vehicles and rolling...

2013-07-01

45

40 CFR 113.1 - Purpose.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 113.1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS LIABILITY LIMITS FOR SMALL ONSHORE...onshore oil storage facilities with fixed capacity of 1,000 barrels or...

2013-07-01

46

9 CFR 113.101 - Leptospira Pomona Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Leptospira Pomona Bacterin. 113.101 Section 113...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.101 Leptospira Pomona Bacterin. Leptospira Pomona Bacterin shall be produced from a...

2009-01-01

47

9 CFR 113.103 - Leptospira Canicola Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Leptospira Canicola Bacterin. 113.103 Section 113...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.103 Leptospira Canicola Bacterin. Leptospira Canicola Bacterin shall be produced from...

2009-01-01

48

9 CFR 113.103 - Leptospira Canicola Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leptospira Canicola Bacterin. 113.103 Section 113...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.103 Leptospira Canicola Bacterin. Leptospira Canicola Bacterin shall be produced from...

2010-01-01

49

40 CFR 89.113 - Smoke emission standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 21 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Smoke emission standard. 89.113 Section 89.113 Protection...Emission Standards and Certification Provisions § 89.113 Smoke emission standard. (a) Exhaust opacity from...

2013-07-01

50

9 CFR 113.123 - Salmonella Dublin Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Salmonella Dublin Bacterin. 113.123 Section 113...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.123 Salmonella Dublin Bacterin. Salmonella Dublin Bacterin shall be prepared from a...

2010-01-01

51

34 CFR 668.113 - Request for review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Request for review. 668.113 Section 668.113 Education...Procedures for Audit Determinations and Program Review Determinations § 668.113 Request for review. (a) An institution or...

2013-07-01

52

9 CFR 113.328 - Fowl Laryngotracheitis Vaccine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Fowl Laryngotracheitis Vaccine. 113.328 Section 113.328 Animals...VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Live Virus Vaccines § 113.328 Fowl Laryngotracheitis Vaccine. Fowl Laryngotracheitis Vaccine...

2010-01-01

53

29 CFR 1952.113 - Compliance staffing benchmarks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Compliance staffing benchmarks. 1952.113 Section 1952.113... § 1952.113 Compliance staffing benchmarks. Under the terms of the 1978 Court...Marshall, compliance staffing levels (benchmarks) necessary for a âfully...

2013-07-01

54

47 CFR 18.113 - Inspection by Commission representatives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...representatives. 18.113 Section 18.113 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT General Information § 18.113 Inspection by Commission representatives. Upon request...

2013-10-01

55

9 CFR 113.65 - Brucella Abortus Vaccine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Brucella Abortus Vaccine. 113.65 Section 113...REQUIREMENTS Live Bacterial Vaccines § 113.65 Brucella Abortus Vaccine. Brucella Abortus Vaccine shall be prepared as a...

2010-01-01

56

9 CFR 113.65 - Brucella Abortus Vaccine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Brucella Abortus Vaccine. 113.65 Section 113...REQUIREMENTS Live Bacterial Vaccines § 113.65 Brucella Abortus Vaccine. Brucella Abortus Vaccine shall be prepared as a...

2009-01-01

57

9 CFR 113.32 - Detection of Brucella contamination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Detection of Brucella contamination. 113.32 Section 113...Procedures § 113.32 Detection of Brucella contamination. The test for detection of Brucella contamination provided in this...

2009-01-01

58

9 CFR 113.32 - Detection of Brucella contamination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Detection of Brucella contamination. 113.32 Section 113...Procedures § 113.32 Detection of Brucella contamination. The test for detection of Brucella contamination provided in this...

2010-01-01

59

28 CFR 115.113 - Supervision and monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Supervision and monitoring. 115.113 Section 115.113 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Prevention Planning § 115.113 Supervision and...

2013-07-01

60

STS-113 Flight Day 4 Highlights  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fourth day of the STS-113 space mission begins with NASA ISS Science Officers Peggy Whitson and Don Pettit inside of the Destiny Laboratory Module. The first spacewalk of the STS-113 is presented. The purpose of this spacewalk is to make connections of the P1 and the S0 truss segments. An actual view of Robot Arm operator Peggy Whitson grasping the P1 is shown. The actual connection of the S0 with the P1 truss is presented.

2002-01-01

61

STS-113 crew breakfast before launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- The STS-113 crew enjoys a snack before suiting up for launch. Seated left to right are Mission Specialists John Herrington and Michael Lopez-Alegria, Pilot Paul Lockhart and Commander James Wetherbee; Expedition 6 flight engineer Donald Pettit, Commander Ken Bowersox and flight engineer Nikolai Budarin. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 at 12:58 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

62

STS-113 Space Shuttle Endeavour launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -Space Shuttle Endeavour roars into the black sky on columns of fire as it lifts off Launch Pad 39A on mission STS-113. Liftoff occurred ontime at 7:49:47 p.m. EST. The launch is the 19th for Endeavour, and the 112th flight in the Shuttle program. Mission STS-113 is the 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station, carrying another structure for the Station, the P1 integrated truss. Also onboard are the Expedition 6 crew, who will replace Expedition 5. Endeavour is scheduled to land at KSC after an 11-day journey. [Photo by Scott Andrews

2002-01-01

63

Superconductivity in the Artificial Metals: Metallic Indium Antimonide, the Indium-Antimonide-Tin Alloys, and Metallic Indium Telluride  

Microsoft Academic Search

Superconductivity has been observed in metallic indium antimonide, in the alloys of indium antimonide with tin, and in indium telluride. The compounds and alloys were prepared and stabilized at atmospheric pressure in the way described by Darnell and Libby. Superconducting transition temperatures and critical magnetic fields were obtained by the eddy-current decay method used in measuring resistivities.

B. R. Tittmann; A. J. Darnell; H. E. Bömmel; W. F. Libby

1964-01-01

64

Certain Chemical Properties of Indium Phosphide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rates of dissolution of indium phosphide in certain acids at various temperatures were determined. Etching agents are proposed for chemical polishing, finding dislocation pits, and also for detecting single-crystal nature of ingots of indium phosphide...

G. I. Markina O. Y. Gukov V. L. Gordin Y. A. Ugai

1971-01-01

65

Thermodynamic properties of ? Nickel-Indium Alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vapor pressure of indium over ? Ni-In alloys was measured by atomic absorption. The thermodynamic activity of indium was\\u000a calculated from the vapor pressure, and the partial and integral entropy and enthalpy were calculated from temperature coefficients.\\u000a It was found that the excess chemical potential of indium increases with atom fraction of indium at low temperatures, in the\\u000a manner

D. Bhattacharya; D. Bruce Masson

1975-01-01

66

49 CFR 572.113 - Neck assembly.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...572.113 Neck assembly. The head/neck assembly consists of the parts...78051-303 and -307, mount the head/neck assembly to the part 572 pendulum...except that the direction of the head/neck assembly is rotated around...

2009-10-01

67

49 CFR 572.113 - Neck assembly.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...572.113 Neck assembly. The head/neck assembly consists of the parts...78051-303 and -307, mount the head/neck assembly to the part 572 pendulum...except that the direction of the head/neck assembly is rotated around...

2010-10-01

68

STS-113 Flight Day 11 Highlights Replay  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The STS-113 eleventh flight day begins with Flight Engineer John Herrington and ISS Science Officer Peggy Whitson answering questions from the media. Earth Views from the Space Shuttle Endeavor payload bay, as the Space Shuttle Endeavor Expedition Five Crew travel over the Baja Peninsula are also presented.

2002-01-01

69

Indium Foil Serves As Thermally Conductive Gasket  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Indium foil found useful as gasket to increase thermal conductance between bodies clamped together. Deforms to fill imperfections on mating surfaces. Used where maximum temperature in joint less than melting temperature of indium. Because of low melting temperature of indium, most useful in cryogenic applications.

Eastman, G. Yale; Dussinger, Peter M.

1993-01-01

70

Formation of copper-indium-selenide and/or copper-indium-gallium-selenide films from indium selenide and copper selenide precursors  

DOEpatents

Liquid-based indium selenide and copper selenide precursors, including copper-organoselenides, particulate copper selenide suspensions, copper selenide ethylene diamine in liquid solvent, nanoparticulate indium selenide suspensions, and indium selenide ethylene diamine coordination compounds in solvent, are used to form crystalline copper-indium-selenide, and/or copper indium gallium selenide films (66) on substrates (52).

Curtis, Calvin J. (Lakewood, CO); Miedaner, Alexander (Boulder, CO); Van Hest, Maikel (Lakewood, CO); Ginley, David S. (Evergreen, CO); Nekuda, Jennifer A. (Lakewood, CO)

2011-11-15

71

Study on the Realization of Indium Point  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indium point cells are fabricated using ingots of various forms from a variety of sources (manufacturers). Using these cells, newly built indium point furnaces are evaluated and their reliability is confirmed. The indium point realizations based on the single solid-liquid method (SSL method) and multi solid-liquid method (MSL method) are evaluated. The effect of impurities in the ingots is evaluated from the dependency of the slope of the freezing curve on the change in furnace temperature, the indium point depression based on the impurity analysis, and the cell comparison. The results show equality among the cells. Based on the results obtained, the uncertainty in realizing the indium point using the described indium point cells and indium point furnaces is estimated. The new uncertainty budget introduces uncertainties coming from plateau repeatability and chemical impurity derived by the present work, the values of which are significantly lower than those adopted in the current calibration service.

Widiatmo, Januarius V.; Yamazawa, Kazuaki; Satou, Kouichi; Tamba, Jun; Arai, Masaru

72

Pinch Effect in Indium Antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The critical current at which pinching occurs in indium antimonide has been measured by three independent methods: (a) by noting the current at which the pinched current-voltage characteristic deviates from the unpinched characteristic that is obtained in the presence of a longitudinal magnetic field H, using crystals of sufficiently high resistance for the avalanche breakdown current to be considerable, before

A. G. Chynoweth; A. A. Murray

1961-01-01

73

Method for synthesizing indium phosphide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This invention relates in general to the synthesis of highly pure, crystalline, indium phosphide (InP). In a more particular aspect, this invention concerns itself with a method for synthesizing crystalline InP under pressures of from about 5 to 30 atmospheres.

Adamski, J. A.

1984-10-01

74

Method for Synthesizing Indium Phosphide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This invention relates in general to the synthesis of highly pure, crystalline, indium phosphide (InP). In a more particular aspect, this invention concerns itself with a method for synthesizing crystalline InP under pressures of from about 5 to 30 atmosp...

J. A. Adamski

1984-01-01

75

TED Study of Si(113) Surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A TED study of Si(113) surfaces was carried out. Reflections from the 3 × 2 reconstruction were seen at room temperature, while half-order reflections were very faint. The surface showed the phase transition between the 3 × 1 and the disordered (rough) structures at about 930°C. The (113) surface structure at room temperature was analyzed using TED intensity. Four kinds of structure models proposed previously, including both the 3 × 1 and the 3 × 2 reconstructed structures, were examined. The R-factors calculated using the energy-optimized atomic coordinates are not sufficiently small. After minimization of the R-factors, Dabrowski's 3 × 2 structure model is most agreeable, while Ranke's 3 × 1 and 3 × 2 structure models are not to be excluded. STM observation showed that the surface is composed of small domains of the 3 × 2 structure.

Suzuki, T.; Minoda, H.; Tanishiro, Y.; Yagi, K.

76

9 CFR 113.104 - Leptospira Grippotyphosa Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leptospira Grippotyphosa Bacterin. 113.104 Section...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.104 Leptospira Grippotyphosa Bacterin. Leptospira Grippotyphosa Bacterin shall be...

2010-01-01

77

9 CFR 113.102 - Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae Bacterin. 113.102...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.102 Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae Bacterin. Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae Bacterin shall be...

2010-01-01

78

9 CFR 113.104 - Leptospira Grippotyphosa Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Leptospira Grippotyphosa Bacterin. 113.104 Section...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.104 Leptospira Grippotyphosa Bacterin. Leptospira Grippotyphosa Bacterin shall be...

2009-01-01

79

9 CFR 113.102 - Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae Bacterin. 113.102...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.102 Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae Bacterin. Leptospira Icterohaemorrhagiae Bacterin shall be...

2009-01-01

80

23 CFR 470.113 - National Highway System procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false National Highway System procedures. 470.113 Section 470.113 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH HIGHWAY...

2010-04-01

81

23 CFR 470.113 - National Highway System procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false National Highway System procedures. 470.113 Section 470.113 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH HIGHWAY...

2013-04-01

82

7 CFR 1421.113 - Recourse marketing assistance loans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Recourse marketing assistance loans. 1421.113...AND SIMILARLY HANDLED COMMODITIES-MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS AND LOAN DEFICIENCY PAYMENTS FOR 2008 THROUGH 2012 Marketing Assistance Loans § 1421.113...

2010-01-01

83

9 CFR 113.454 - Clostridium Perfringens Type C Antitoxin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Clostridium Perfringens Type C Antitoxin. 113.454 Section...Antibody Products § 113.454 Clostridium Perfringens Type C Antitoxin. Clostridium Perfringens Type C Antitoxin is a specific...

2009-01-01

84

9 CFR 113.455 - Clostridium Perfringens Type D Antitoxin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Clostridium Perfringens Type D Antitoxin. 113.455 Section...Antibody Products § 113.455 Clostridium Perfringens Type D Antitoxin. Clostridium Perfringens Type D Antitoxin is a specific...

2009-01-01

85

9 CFR 113.454 - Clostridium Perfringens Type C Antitoxin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Clostridium Perfringens Type C Antitoxin. 113.454 Section...Antibody Products § 113.454 Clostridium Perfringens Type C Antitoxin. Clostridium Perfringens Type C Antitoxin is a specific...

2010-01-01

86

9 CFR 113.455 - Clostridium Perfringens Type D Antitoxin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Clostridium Perfringens Type D Antitoxin. 113.455 Section...Antibody Products § 113.455 Clostridium Perfringens Type D Antitoxin. Clostridium Perfringens Type D Antitoxin is a specific...

2010-01-01

87

9 CFR 113.122 - Salmonella Choleraesuis Bacterin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Salmonella Choleraesuis Bacterin. 113.122 Section...Inactivated Bacterial Products § 113.122 Salmonella Choleraesuis Bacterin. Salmonella Choleraesuis Bacterin shall be prepared...

2009-01-01

88

49 CFR 1542.113 - Airport tenant security programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 9 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Airport tenant security programs. 1542.113 Section...OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Airport Security Program § 1542.113 Airport...

2009-10-01

89

49 CFR 1542.113 - Airport tenant security programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Airport tenant security programs. 1542.113 Section...OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Airport Security Program § 1542.113 Airport...

2010-10-01

90

14 CFR 152.113 - Application requirements: Airport planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Application requirements: Airport planning. 152.113 Section 152.113 Aeronautics...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Eligibility Requirements and...

2010-01-01

91

9 CFR 113.3 - Sampling of biological products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Sampling of biological products. 113.3 ...REQUIREMENTS Applicability § 113.3 Sampling of biological products. Each...shall be selected to test for viable bacteria and fungi. (ii) Viable...

2009-01-01

92

9 CFR 113.3 - Sampling of biological products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sampling of biological products. 113.3 ...REQUIREMENTS Applicability § 113.3 Sampling of biological products. Each...shall be selected to test for viable bacteria and fungi. (ii) Viable...

2010-01-01

93

9 CFR 113.315 - Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 1 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine. 113.315 Section...REQUIREMENTS Live Virus Vaccines § 113.315 Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine. Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine shall be...

2009-01-01

94

9 CFR 113.315 - Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine. 113.315 Section...REQUIREMENTS Live Virus Vaccines § 113.315 Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine. Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine shall be...

2010-01-01

95

9 CFR 113.203 - Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113...REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.203 Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine, Killed Virus. Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine, Killed...

2009-01-01

96

9 CFR 113.203 - Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113...REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.203 Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine, Killed Virus. Feline Panleukopenia Vaccine, Killed...

2010-01-01

97

1. VIEW SOUTHWEST, NORTH ELEVATION OF QUARTER BLOCK. 113 W. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW SOUTHWEST, NORTH ELEVATION OF QUARTER BLOCK. 113 W. JACKSON IS FIRE DAMAGED BUILDING. 115 W. JACKSON IS TO RIGHT ADJACENT TO ALLEY. - 113-115 West Jackson Street (Commercial Building), Elkhart, Elkhart County, IN

98

Indium implantation process performance on the 8250HT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium is a possible alternative to boron for SSRCP, halo, and other ion implantation applications. However, indium implantation normally requires the use of indium tri-chloride, a hygroscopic solid, as a source material. Machine memory effects can occur with indium ion implants, leading to cross contamination problems when an implanter is used for both indium and other species. This paper focuses

G. Luckman; R. D. Rathmell

2000-01-01

99

9 CFR 113.39 - Cat safety tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cat safety tests. 113.39 Section 113...REQUIREMENTS Standard Procedures § 113.39 Cat safety tests. The safety tests provided...biological product recommended for use in cats. (a) The cat safety test...

2010-01-01

100

9 CFR 113.39 - Cat safety tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Cat safety tests. 113.39 Section 113...REQUIREMENTS Standard Procedures § 113.39 Cat safety tests. The safety tests provided...biological product recommended for use in cats. (a) The cat safety test...

2009-01-01

101

46 CFR 169.113 - Right of appeal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Right of appeal. 169.113 Section 169.113 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS General Provisions § 169.113 Right of appeal. Any person...

2013-10-01

102

High efficiency indium tin oxide/indium phosphide solar cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solar cells have been fabaricated by RF sputter depositing indium tin oxide onto single crystal p-type indium phosphide. Four different substrate doping densities have been used but in all cases the dopant was zinc and the wafers were (100) oriented. The optimum doping density from the range studied was 3 x 10 to the 16th per cu cm and devices based on such substrates have yielded total area efficiencies up to 16.2 percent using the air mass 1.5 spectrum normalized to 100 mW/sq cm, which correspond to active area efficiencies of 19.1 percent. A doping density less than the optimum yielded devices with excessive series resistance. Higher doping densities led to a marked loss of red response.

Coutts, T. J.; Naseem, S.

1985-01-01

103

Interfacial properties of indium tin oxide\\/indium phosphide devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficient indium tin oxide (ITO)\\/p-InP solar cells have been fabricated by ion beam deposition. In this letter, a critical evaluation of the ITO\\/InP interface is presented using complementary capacitance-voltage and ion microprobe measurements. We have found that deposition of ITO produces a semi-insulating region at the InP surface. This high resistivity layer extends about 750 A into the bulk. We

P. Sheldon; R. K. Ahrenkiel; R. E. Hayes; P. E. Russell

1982-01-01

104

Effect of unlabeled indium oxine and indium tropolone on the function of isolated human lymphocytes  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of indium oxine and indium-tropolone complexes (nonradiolabeled) on the function of isolated human lymphocytes. Peripheral lymphocytes were obtained from 15 normal volunteers and incubated with indium oxine or indium tropolone according to the standard techniques currently used when cells are radiolabeled for subsequent in vivo studies. The phytohemagglutinin-induced (PHA) lymphocyte transformation and a more specific lymphocyte functional test (the mixed lymphocyte reaction) were performed following incubation with the indium complexes. The results indicate that PHA transformation is not affected by either indium oxine or indium tropolone, whereas both chelates reduced the mixed lymphocyte reaction. This suggests that these substances have a selective toxic effect only on a functionally distinct lymphocyte subset and indicates that there is no significant difference between the two indium chelates in terms of their effect on lymphocyte function.

Signore, A.; Sensi, M.; Pozzilli, C.; Negri, M.; Lenzi, G.L.; Pozzilli, P.

1985-06-01

105

Mineral resource of the month: indium  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geologically, the occurrence of indium minerals is rare. The element most often occurs as a sulfide inclusion or substitutes in other base-metal minerals, including cassiterite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite and stannite. Indium’s abundance in the crust is estimated to be 0.05 parts per million, which makes it more abundant than silver, but it is so widely disseminated that it does not occur in high enough concentrations to form mineable deposits. Therefore, indium is most often recovered from byproduct residues produced during the refining of lead and zinc. But only about one-quarter of the indium mined worldwide is refined into metal, as many indium-bearing concentrates are sent to refineries that do not have the capability of recovering the metal.

Tolcin, Amy C.

2011-01-01

106

Thermal Conductivity of Indium–Graphene and Indium-Gallium–Graphene Composites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Samples of graphene composites with a matrix of indium or indium-gallium alloy were prepared in the form of foils using exfoliated\\u000a graphene dispersions. The thermal conductivity of the composite samples with different thicknesses was determined using the\\u000a three-omega method. Indium–graphene composite samples with a thickness of 430 ?m exhibited a twofold increase in thermal conductivity, whereas indium-gallium–graphene composite samples with a

K. Jagannadham

2011-01-01

107

Electrical characterization of electron beam evaporated indium tin oxide\\/indium phosphide junctions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrical properties of Indium tin oxide(ITO)\\/p-indium phosphide (InP) junctions prepared at different temperatures by reactive electron beam evaporation technique have been studied. A maximum of 10.0% photo conversion efficiency under 100 mW\\/sq cm illumination (without front metal grid and antireflection coating) has been observed. Analyses of the results indicate an interfacial oxide layer consisting of indium oxide and indium

P. Manivannan; A. Subrahmanyam

1994-01-01

108

40 CFR 721.10391 - Copper gallium indium selenide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Copper gallium indium selenide. 721.10391...Chemical Substances § 721.10391 Copper gallium indium selenide. (a) Chemical...The chemical substance identified as copper gallium indium selenide (PMN...

2013-07-01

109

Method for Vacuum Baking Indium In-situ.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present invention concerns itself with a method for synthesizing highly pure, polycrystalline, indium phosphide materials for semiconductor applications. The method includes the in-situ vacuum baking of raw indium prior to using the indium as a reacti...

J. A. Adamski

1983-01-01

110

STS-113 workers search for oxygen leak  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Workers in the Payload Changeout Room, Launch Pad 39A, ride a platform toward the forward cargo bay area of Space Shuttle Endeavour to search for an oxygen leak. The launch of Endeavour on mission STS-113 was postponed Nov. 10, following the completion of tanking operations, due to higher than allowable oxygen levels in the orbiter's midbody. Workers will investigate the exact location and possible cause of the leak, and effect repairs. Launch has been tentatively set for no earlier than Nov. 18, between 7 and 11 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

111

STS-113 workers search for oxygen leak  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Workers in the Payload Changeout Room, Launch Pad 39A, are on a platform in the forward cargo bay area of Space Shuttle Endeavour to search for an oxygen leak. The launch of Endeavour on mission STS-113 was postponed Nov. 10, following the completion of tanking operations, due to higher than allowable oxygen levels in the orbiter's midbody. Workers will investigate the exact location and possible cause of the leak, and effect repairs. Launch has been tentatively set for no earlier than Nov. 18, between 7 and 11 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

112

STS-113 workers search for oxygen leak  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Payload Changeout Room, Launch Pad 39A, workers raise a platform toward the forward cargo bay area of Space Shuttle Endeavour to search for an oxygen leak. The launch of Endeavour on mission STS-113 was postponed Nov. 10, following the completion of tanking operations, due to higher than allowable oxygen levels in the orbiter's midbody. Workers will investigate the exact location and possible cause of the leak, and effect repairs. Launch has been tentatively set for no earlier than Nov. 18, between 7 and 11 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

113

STS-113 Flight Day 10 Highlights Replay  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The activities of the STS-113 (Jim Wetherbee, Commander; Paul Lockhart, Pilot; Michael Lopez-Alegria, John Herrington, Mission Specialists) crew during flight day 10 are shown. Also seen are the outgoing Expedition 5 (Valeri Korzun, Commander; Peggy Whitsun, ISS Science Officer/Flight Engineer; Sergei Treschev, Flight Engineer) and incoming Expedition 6 (Kenneth Bowersox, Commander; Donald Pettit, Nikolai Budarin, Flight Engineers) crews of the International Space Station (ISS). A panoramic view of the undocking of the Space Shuttle Endeavor from the International Space Station is also presented.

2002-01-01

114

Gold--indium diffusion in bridgewires  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study being directed toward refining previous estimates of the rate of diffusion of indium into gold and of gold into lead-tin-indium solder under the conditions existing in gold bridgewire detonators is described. The study is also concerned with the effects of gold-indium intermetallic compound on the performance of detonators and methods which can determine the condition of bridgewires. The

Harwood

1977-01-01

115

Infrared Absorption of Indium Antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium antimonide samples of a wide range of carrier concentrations were measured from ~5°K to 500°K, over a wavelength region of 3 to 35 microns. Experimental results on the shift of the absorption edge in degenerate n-type samples are presented and discussed. Both n-type and p-type samples show the same absorption at long wavelengths, after becoming intrinsic at elevated temperatures.

W. Kaiser; H. Y. Fan

1955-01-01

116

Copper-Indium Alloy Transformations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phase transformations of copper-indium alloy thin films are analyzed by hot-stage x-ray diffraction (XRD) over the temperature\\u000a range from 30 to 425 °C in controlled ambient. Thin films of Cu\\/In with a molar ratio of approximately 0.9 were used. In situ experiments were carried out in a reducing hydrogen atmosphere to minimize oxide formation. The as-deposited Cu\\/In alloy\\u000a transformed at

Nese Orbey; Robert W. Birkmire; T. W. Fraser Russell; Glover A. Jones

2000-01-01

117

Superheating and Supercooling in Single Spheres of Tin, Indium, and Gold-Plated Indium  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental study of the superheating and supercooling properties of tin, indium, and gold-plated indium spheres, typically 10 mum in diam, has been made. The results are more reliable than those obtained from experiments on powders. The effects of nucleation centers are discussed, and it is shown that in indium, at least, different nucleation centers are active in superheating and

Jens Feder; David S. McLachlan

1969-01-01

118

STS-113 Crew Interviews: Paul Lockhart, Pilot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart is seen during this preflight interview, where he gives a quick overview of the mission before answering questions about his inspiration to become an astronaut and his career path. Lockhart outlines his role in the mission in general, and specifically during the docking and extravehicular activities (EVAs). He describes the primary mission payload (the P1 truss) and the crew transfer activities (Expedition 6 crew will replace the Expedition 5 Crew). Lockhart discusses the planned EVAs in detail and mentions what supplies will be left for the resident crew of the International Space Station (ISS). He ends with his thoughts about the importance of the ISS as the second anniversary of continuous human occupation of the space station approaches.

2002-01-01

119

Gold--Indium Diffusion in Bridgewires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study being directed toward refining previous estimates of the rate of diffusion of indium into gold and of gold into lead-tin-indium solder under the conditions existing in gold bridgewire detonators is described. The study is also concerned with the e...

W. D. Harwood

1977-01-01

120

Plasma Pinch Effects in Indium Antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

In pulsed studies of the properties of n-type indium antimonide at 77 ; K in high electric fields, some interesting effects were observed in the presence ; of an external longitudinal magnetic field. It is suggested that thcse ; observations indicate the presence of pinching effects for the electron-hole pair ; current in indium antimonide. Measurements were made on two

M. Glicksman; M. C. Steele

1959-01-01

121

Process for Patterning Indium for Bump Bonding  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An innovation was created for the Cosmology Large Angular Scale Surveyor for integration of low-temperature detector chips with a silicon backshort and a silicon photonic choke through flipchip bonding. Indium bumps are typically patterned using liftoff processes, which require thick resist. In some applications, it is necessary to locate the bumps close to high-aspect-ratio structures such as wafer through-holes. In those cases, liftoff processes are challenging, and require complicated and time-consuming spray coating technology if the high-aspect-ratio structures are delineated prior to the indium bump process. Alternatively, processing the indium bumps first is limited by compatibility of the indium with subsequent processing. The present invention allows for locating bumps arbitrarily close to multiple-level high-aspect-ratio structures, and for indium bumps to be formed without liftoff resist. The process uses the poor step coverage of indium deposited on a silicon wafer that has been previously etched to delineate the location of the indium bumps. The silicon pattern can be processed through standard lithography prior to adding the high-aspect-ratio structures. Typically, high-aspectratio structures require a thick resist layer so this layer can easily cover the silicon topography. For multiple levels of topography, the silicon can be easily conformally coated through standard processes. A blanket layer of indium is then deposited onto the full wafer; bump bonding only occurs at the high points of the topography.

Denis, Kevin

2012-01-01

122

Reliable bonding using indium-based solders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low temperature bonding techniques with high bond strengths and reliability are required for the fabrication and packaging of MEMS devices. Indium and indium-tin based bonding processes are explored for the fabrication of a flextensional MEMS actuator, which requires the integration of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) substrate with a silicon micromachined structure at low temperatures. The developed technique can be used

Jongpil Cheong; Abhijat Goyal; Srinivas Tadigadapa; Christopher Rahn

2003-01-01

123

Ohmic contact for P type indium phosphide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A body including P type indium phosphide has an ohmic contact thereon of an alloy of by weight 81% to 86% gold (Au), 11% to 14% germanium (Ge) and 2% to 5% zinc (Zn). This contact has a low resistance and good adhesion to the indium phosphide body.

Hawrylo, Frank Z. (Inventor)

1980-01-01

124

49 CFR 1542.113 - Airport tenant security programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Airport tenant security programs. 1542.113 Section 1542...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

2013-10-01

125

STS-113 Flight Day 6 Highlights  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This video shows the activities of the STS-113 crew (Jim Wetherbee, Commander; Paul Lockhart, Pilot; Michael Lopez-Alegria, John Herrington, Mission Specialists) during flight day 6. Also shown are the Expedition 5 (Valeri Korzun, Commander; Peggy Whitsun, ISS Science Officer/Flight Engineer; Sergei Treschev, Flight Engineer) and Expedition 6 (Kenneth Bowersox, Commander; Donald Pettit, Nikolai Budarin, Flight Engineers) crews of the ISS (International Space Station). The primary activity of flight day 6 is the outfitting of the P1 (Port 1) Truss Structure. The suiting up and departure of Lopez-Alegria and Herrington through the ISS Quest airlock is shown. The departure is shown through sequential still video. The ISS CETA handrail cart is shown in use, as is a pistol-grip space tool. At the end of the EVA, the astronauts are shown cleaning up outside the ISS. The video also contains a Thanksgiving message about the importance of technological advances in spaceflight, and footage of the Moon disappearing behind the Earth's limb.

2002-01-01

126

Indium Phosphide Window Layers for Indium Gallium Arsenide Solar Cells  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Window layers help in reducing the surface recombination at the emitter surface of the solar cells resulting in significant improvement in energy conversion efficiency. Indium gallium arsenide (In(x)Ga(1-x)As) and related materials based solar cells are quite promising for photovoltaic and thermophotovoltaic applications. The flexibility of the change in the bandgap energy and the growth of InGaAs on different substrates make this material very attractive for multi-bandgap energy, multi-junction solar cell approaches. The high efficiency and better radiation performance of the solar cell structures based on InGaAs make them suitable for space power applications. This work investigates the suitability of indium phosphide (InP) window layers for lattice-matched In(0.53)Ga(0.47)As (bandgap energy 0.74 eV) solar cells. We present the first data on the effects of the p-type InP window layer on p-on-n lattice-matched InGaAs solar cells. The modeled quantum efficiency results show a significant improvement in the blue region with the InP window. The bare InGaAs solar cell performance suffers due to high surface recombination velocity (10(exp 7) cm/s). The large band discontinuity at the InP/InGaAs heterojunction offers a great potential barrier to minority carriers. The calculated results demonstrate that the InP window layer effectively passivates the solar cell front surface, hence resulting in reduced surface recombination and therefore, significantly improving the performance of the InGaAs solar cell.

Jain, Raj K.

2005-01-01

127

49 CFR 215.113 - Defective plain bearing wedge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Defective plain bearing wedge. 215.113 Section 215...Suspension System § 215.113 Defective plain bearing wedge. A railroad may not place or continue in service a car, if a plain bearing wedge on that car isâ...

2013-10-01

128

Physicochemical behavior of thallium in indium antimonide  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports the physicochemical factors involved in the interaction components in the ternary system In-Sb-Tl and the effect of thalliu on indium antimonide properties. It is shown that ternary compounds are not formed in the In-Sb-Tl quasi-binary cross section. Despite the indium and thallium being closely related group III elements with similar electron configurations and tetrahedral covalent radii, the indium antimonide region of homogeneity in the In-Sb-Tl system, drawn along the quasi-binary InSb-Tl cross section, was only slight (0.2 at. % Tl).

Evgen'ev, S.B.; Sorokina, O.V.; Zinovi'ev, V.G.

1986-05-01

129

Specific heat of superconducting films of indium and of indium alloyed with magnetic impurities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have measured the discontinuity in the specific heat ..delta..c and the transition temperature T\\/sub c\\/ for superconducting quench-condensed films of indium, and of indium-manganese and indium-chromium alloys. These are the first measurements of ..delta..c for a simple metal superconductor with magnetic 3-d transition element impurities. It is useful to express the results in terms of ..delta..câ and T\\/sub c\\/0,

B. C. Gibson; D. M. Ginsberg; P. C. L. Tai

1979-01-01

130

Magnetic properties of indium-substituted orthoferrites  

SciTech Connect

Single crystals of indium-substituted yttrium and dysprosium orthoferrites were obtained by the method of spontaneous crystallization from a solution in a melt. As the indium concentration was increased in the yttrium orthoferrite, the transverse weakly ferromagnetic moment and the anisotropy constant in the ac crystallographic plane were found to increase. A change in the nature of the spin-reorientational transition of the Morin type is observed in the indium-substituted sysprosium orthoferrite, but, in contrast to substitution by gallium, aluminum, and scandium ions, the giant effect of the nonmagnetic impurity on the temperature of the indicated transition does not occur. Based on the results of the magnetic measurements it was concluded that the indium ions in the rare-earth orthoferrites prefer positions occupied by the rare-earth ions.

Ges', A.P.; Derkachenko, V.N.; Fedotova, V.V.; Kadomtseva, A.M.; Lukina, M.M.; Milov, V.N.

1986-03-01

131

Lead Telluride Alloyed with Indium and Lanthanum.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data are presented and discussed on the behavior of lead telluride alloyed with indium and with lanthanum. The data include Hall coefficient, conductance, thermal emf, Hall mobility, microhardness and bending strength. The possibility is demonstrated of d...

V. V. Gorbachev V. A. Linsky E. F. Makarov E. A. Zhemchuzhina A. I. Ivanov

1974-01-01

132

Quantification of indium in steel using PIXE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quantitative analysis of steel for endodontics tools was carried out using low-energy protons (? 700 keV). A computer program for a thick-target analysis which includes enhancement due to secondary fluorescence was used. In this experiment the L-lines of indium are enhanced due to the proximity of other elements' K-lines to the indium absorption edge. The results show that the ionization cross section expression employed to evaluate this magnitude is important.

Oliver, A.; Miranda, J.; Rickards, J.; Cheang, J. C.

1989-04-01

133

High Damping Indium-Tin Alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is directed toward the development of materials of high stiffness and high mechanical damping for the purpose\\u000a of damping vibrations in structures and machinery. To this end, indium-tin alloys are considered. Cast In-Sn exhibits substantial\\u000a damping for a metal. Quenching substantially improved the damping of indium-tin alloy but the effect gradually disappeared\\u000a due to aging. Cold work of

A. Dooris; R. S. Lakes; B. Myers; N. Stephens

1999-01-01

134

A linear homocatenated compound containing six indium centers.  

PubMed

In contrast to carbon and its heavier congeners, group 13 elements are rarely observed to catenate into linear chains. Here, we find that treatment of indium(I) iodide with a protonated N-xylyl beta-diketiminate and a strong potassium base in tetrahydrofuran yields a hexa-indium chain. X-ray crystallography revealed one beta-diketiminate ligand bound to each indium center with no bridging ligands supporting the five indium-indium single bonds. The terminal indium centers were capped with iodine. Electronic spectroscopy and computations on a model compound offer preliminary support for sigma delocalization along the chain. PMID:16574862

Hill, Michael S; Hitchcock, Peter B; Pongtavornpinyo, Ruti

2006-03-31

135

Effect of mechanical activation on the kinetics of extracting indium from indium-bearing zinc ferrite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The synthetic indium-bearing zinc ferrite (IBZF) was mechanically activated by a stirring ball mill and subsequently studied for the leaching behavior and kinetics of extracting indium from IBZF. The effect of the change in crystalline phase, lattice distortion, particle size, specific surface area and morphology introduced by mechanical activation (MA) was also investigated. The activated IBZF showed different physicochemical characteristics

Yanjuan Zhang; Xuanhai Li; Liuping Pan; Yansong Wei; Xinyuan Liang

2010-01-01

136

Studies on the kinetics of zinc and indium extraction from indium-bearing zinc ferrite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leaching kinetics of extracting zinc and indium from synthetic indium-bearing zinc ferrite (IBZF) was studied and the influence of stirring, particle size, reaction temperature and sulphuric acid concentration were investigated. The results showed that the apparent particle size had no significant effect on the dissolution of the IBZF, but an increase in temperature, sulphuric acid concentration significantly enhanced the

Yanjuan Zhang; Xuanhai Li; Liuping Pan; Xinyuan Liang; Xueping Li

2010-01-01

137

The interaction between indium atoms and vacancies in dilute aluminium-indium alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of very small additions of indium on the decay of quenched-in vacancies at 0°c in aluminium is studied by high precision electrical resistivity measurements. The extent of the observed resistivity decrease in the alloy on ageing with respect to that in pure aluminium is used as a measure of the strength of binding between indium atoms and vacancies.

W. J. Plumbridge

1969-01-01

138

Indium and indium alloys: Superconducting thin films. (Latest citations from the COMPENDEX database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning experimental investigations of superconducting properties of thin indium and indium alloy films. Topics include the electrical, optical, and thermodynamic properties of the films. (Contains a minimum of 59 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-04-01

139

46 CFR 113.10-5 - Common return.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATION AND ALARM SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Fire and Smoke Detecting and Alarm Systems § 113.10-5 Common return. A conductor must not be used as a common return from more...

2013-10-01

140

46 CFR 113.10-7 - Connection boxes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATION AND ALARM SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Fire and Smoke Detecting and Alarm Systems § 113.10-7 Connection boxes. Each connection box must be constructed in...

2013-10-01

141

46 CFR 113.10-9 - Power supply.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATION AND ALARM SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Fire and Smoke Detecting and Alarm Systems § 113.10-9 Power supply. (a) General. There must be at least two...

2013-10-01

142

46 CFR 113.10-1 - Approved equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATION AND ALARM SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Fire and Smoke Detecting and Alarm Systems § 113.10-1 Approved equipment. Each alarm annunciator, fire detector, test...

2013-10-01

143

46 CFR 113.10-3 - Cable runs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATION AND ALARM SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Fire and Smoke Detecting and Alarm Systems § 113.10-3 Cable runs. Cable runs between the fire alarm annunciator and fire...

2013-10-01

144

14 CFR 151.113 - Advance planning proposals: Sponsor eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Advance planning proposals: Sponsor eligibility. 151...AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Advance Planning and Engineering Proposals § 151.113 Advance planning proposals: Sponsor eligibility....

2010-01-01

145

29 CFR 1915.113 - Shackles and hooks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Gear and Equipment for Rigging and Materials Handling § 1915.113 Shackles and hooks. The provisions of this section shall apply to ship...

2013-07-01

146

26 CFR 509.113 - Government wages, salaries, and pensions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... REGULATIONS UNDER TAX CONVENTIONS SWITZERLAND General Income Tax § 509.113...compensation, or any pension, paid by Switzerland or any agency or instrumentality thereof...subdivisions or other public authorities of Switzerland, to any alien individual...

2010-04-01

147

9 CFR 113.306 - Canine Distemper Vaccine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...113.300 and the requirements prescribed in this section. (1) To detect ferret virulent canine distemper virus, each of five canine distemper susceptible ferrets shall be injected with a sample of the Master Seed Virus equivalent to...

2010-01-01

148

9 CFR 113.306 - Canine Distemper Vaccine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...113.300 and the requirements prescribed in this section. (1) To detect ferret virulent canine distemper virus, each of five canine distemper susceptible ferrets shall be injected with a sample of the Master Seed Virus equivalent to...

2009-01-01

149

40 CFR 160.113 - Mixtures of substances with carriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Mixtures of substances with carriers. 160...Reference Substances § 160.113 Mixtures of substances with carriers. ...1) To determine the uniformity of the mixture and to determine, periodically,...

2013-07-01

150

40 CFR 792.113 - Mixtures of substances with carriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Mixtures of substances with carriers. 792...Reference Substances § 792.113 Mixtures of substances with carriers. ...1) To determine the uniformity of the mixture and to determine, periodically,...

2013-07-01

151

21 CFR 173.342 - Chlorofluorocarbon 113 and perfluorohexane.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Specific Usage Additives § 173.342 Chlorofluorocarbon 113 and...

2013-04-01

152

19 CFR 113.55 - Cancellation of export bonds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BONDS Assessment of Damages and Cancellation of Bond § 113.55 ...director. (2) Upon payment of liquidated damages. Upon the payment of liquidated damages. (b) Cancellation of bond charges...

2013-04-01

153

19 CFR 113.54 - Cancellation of erroneous charges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BONDS Assessment of Damages and Cancellation of Bond § 113.54 Cancellation...omission forming the basis for the claim for liquidated damages did not in fact occur. (b) Carnets....

2013-04-01

154

19 CFR 113.52 - Failure to satisfy the bond.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BONDS Assessment of Damages and Cancellation of Bond § 113.52 Failure to satisfy the bond. If any Customs bond, except...

2013-04-01

155

113. Photocopy of illustration on page 109 in Owen, Hints. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

113. Photocopy of illustration on page 109 in Owen, Hints. SOUTHERN GATEWAY, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION - Smithsonian Institution Building, 1000 Jefferson Drive, between Ninth & Twelfth Streets, Southwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

156

49 CFR 227.113 - Noise operational controls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Noise operational controls. 227.113 Section 227...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONAL NOISE EXPOSURE Occupational Noise Exposure for Railroad Operating Employees....

2013-10-01

157

20 CFR 726.113 - Disclosure of confidential information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED BLACK LUNG BENEFITS; REQUIREMENTS FOR COAL MINE OPERATOR'S INSURANCE Authorization of Self-Insurers § 726.113 Disclosure...

2013-04-01

158

LC-39A RSS Rollback before launch of STS-113  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Space Shuttle Endeavour stands ready for launch on mission STS-113. . The Orbiter Access Arm extends from the Fixed Service Structure (FSS) to the crew compartment hatch, through which the STS-113 crew will enter Endeavour. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 at 12:58 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

159

23 CFR 645.113 - Agreements and authorizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...645.113 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION...Relocations, Adjustments, and Reimbursement...relocation costs. The method...relocation and adjustment work on a...defined and the cost can be accurately...phase of the highway...

2013-04-01

160

45 CFR 400.113 - Duration of eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HUMAN SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Child Welfare Services § 400.113 Duration of eligibility...IV-B plan prescribes for the availability of child welfare services to any other child in the...

2013-10-01

161

9 CFR 113.211 - Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine, Killed Virus...REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.211 Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine, Killed Virus. Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine, Killed...

2010-01-01

162

9 CFR 113.211 - Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine, Killed Virus...REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.211 Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine, Killed Virus. Feline Rhinotracheitis Vaccine, Killed...

2009-01-01

163

14 CFR 1221.113 - Use of the NASA Flags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Use of the NASA Flags. 1221.113 Section 1221...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION THE NASA SEAL AND OTHER DEVICES, AND THE CONGRESSIONAL SPACE MEDAL OF HONOR NASA Seal, NASA Insignia, NASA...

2010-01-01

164

14 CFR 1221.113 - Use of the NASA Flags.  

... 2014-01-01 false Use of the NASA Flags. 1221.113 Section 1221...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION THE NASA SEAL AND OTHER DEVICES, AND THE CONGRESSIONAL SPACE MEDAL OF HONOR NASA Seal, NASA Insignia, NASA...

2014-01-01

165

15 CFR 922.113 - Permit procedures and issuance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MANAGEMENT NATIONAL MARINE SANCTUARY PROGRAM REGULATIONS Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary § 922.113 Permit procedures...Office of National Marine Sanctuaries; ATTN: Superintendent, Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, P.O. Box 159,...

2010-01-01

166

9 CFR 113.6 - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing. 113.6 Section 113.6 Animals and Animal Products ...Applicability § 113.6 Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing. A biological...

2009-01-01

167

9 CFR 113.6 - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing. 113.6 Section 113.6 Animals and Animal Products ...Applicability § 113.6 Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing. A biological...

2010-01-01

168

48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal...DEPARTMENT SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113...

2011-10-01

169

48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal...DEPARTMENT SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113...

2012-10-01

170

48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal...DEPARTMENT SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113...

2010-10-01

171

48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal...DEPARTMENT SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS ACQUISITIONS INVOLVING SHIP CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113...

2013-10-01

172

Genome sequence of the biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens F113.  

PubMed

Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) that has biocontrol activity against fungal plant pathogens and is a model for rhizosphere colonization. Here, we present its complete genome sequence, which shows that besides a core genome very similar to those of other strains sequenced within this species, F113 possesses a wide array of genes encoding specialized functions for thriving in the rhizosphere and interacting with eukaryotic organisms. PMID:22328765

Redondo-Nieto, Miguel; Barret, Matthieu; Morrisey, John P; Germaine, Kieran; Martínez-Granero, Francisco; Barahona, Emma; Navazo, Ana; Sánchez-Contreras, María; Moynihan, Jennifer A; Giddens, Stephen R; Coppoolse, Eric R; Muriel, Candela; Stiekema, Willem J; Rainey, Paul B; Dowling, David; O'Gara, Fergal; Martín, Marta; Rivilla, Rafael

2012-03-01

173

Genome Sequence of the Biocontrol Strain Pseudomonas fluorescens F113  

PubMed Central

Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) that has biocontrol activity against fungal plant pathogens and is a model for rhizosphere colonization. Here, we present its complete genome sequence, which shows that besides a core genome very similar to those of other strains sequenced within this species, F113 possesses a wide array of genes encoding specialized functions for thriving in the rhizosphere and interacting with eukaryotic organisms.

Redondo-Nieto, Miguel; Barret, Matthieu; Morrisey, John P.; Germaine, Kieran; Martinez-Granero, Francisco; Barahona, Emma; Navazo, Ana; Sanchez-Contreras, Maria; Moynihan, Jennifer A.; Giddens, Stephen R.; Coppoolse, Eric R.; Muriel, Candela; Stiekema, Willem J.; Rainey, Paul B.; Dowling, David; O'Gara, Fergal; Martin, Marta

2012-01-01

174

Indium oxide/n-silicon heterojunction solar cells  

DOEpatents

A high photo-conversion efficiency indium oxide/n-silicon heterojunction solar cell is spray deposited from a solution containing indium trichloride. The solar cell exhibits an Air Mass One solar conversion efficiency in excess of about 10%.

Feng, Tom (Morris Plains, NJ); Ghosh, Amal K. (New Providence, NJ)

1982-12-28

175

Thermal Stability of Chelated Indium Activable Tracers  

SciTech Connect

The thermal stability of indium tracer chelated with organic ligands ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) was measured for reservoir temperatures of 150, 200, and 240 C. Measurements of the soluble indium concentration was made as a function of time by neutron activation analysis. From the data, approximate thermal decomposition rates were estimated. At 150 C, both chelated tracers were stable over the experimental period of 20 days. At 200 C, the InEDTA concentration remained constant for 16 days, after which the thermal decomposition occurred at a measured rate constant of k = 0.09 d{sup -1}. The thermal decomposition of InNTA at 200 C showed a first order reaction with a measured rate constant of k = 0.16 d{sup -1}. At 240 C, both indium chelated tracers showed rapid decomposition with rate constants greater than 1.8 d{sup -1}. The data indicate that for geothermal reservoir with temperatures up to about 200 C, indium chelated tracers can be used effectively for transit times of at least 20 days. These experiments were run without reservoir rock media, and do not account for concomitant loss of indium tracer by adsorption processes.

Chrysikopoulos, Costas; Kruger, Paul

1986-01-21

176

N-p thermoconversion of indium antimonide  

SciTech Connect

Without excluding the possibility of the simultaneous effectof several factors on the thermoconversion of indium antimonide, the authors investigated the role of copper in this process. For the experiments, they used single crystalline samples of indium antimonide of grade ISE-O with a charge-carrier density of n = (0.7-1.0).10/sup 14/ cm/sup -3/ at liquid nitrogen temperature and dislocation density of less than 10/sup 2/ cm/sup -2/, cut out of a single ingot grown by the Czochralski method. The authors conclude that copper participates in the formation of thermoacceptors in indium antimonide. The presence of copper on the surface of the sample during annealing does not significantly affect the charge-carrier density in the sample or the slopes of the Hall curves.

Syrov, Yu. V.; Fistul', V.I.; Yakovenko, A.G.

1986-08-01

177

A photochemical method for the preparation of indium oxide and indium-cobalt oxides thin films  

SciTech Connect

Indium oxide and indium-cobalt oxide thin films have been successfully prepared by direct UV irradiation of amorphous films of {beta}-diketonate complexes on Si(1 0 0) substrates. Deposited films were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Auger electron spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The surface morphology of the films, examined by atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, revealed that mixed indium-cobalt oxide films are much smoother than In{sub 2}O{sub 3} films, with rms surface roughness of 7.24 and 26.1 nm, respectively.

Buono-Core, G.E. [Instituto de Quimica, Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Valparaiso (Chile)]. E-mail: gbuonoco@ucv.cl; Cabello, G. [Instituto de Quimica, Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Valparaiso (Chile); Torrejon, B. [Instituto de Quimica, Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Valparaiso (Chile); Tejos, M. [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valparaiso, Valparaiso (Chile); Hill, R.H. [Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6 (Canada)

2005-10-06

178

Deposition and characterization of indium oxide and indium tin oxide semiconducting thin films by reactive thermal deposition technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the deposition conditions and the characterization properties of the indium oxide (10) and indium tin oxide\\u000a (ITO) thin films deposited by a reactive thermal deposition technique using the indium, indium-tin alloy sources are reported.\\u000a The actively involved parameters during deposition have been identified for various substrate temperatures. The effect of\\u000a oxygen partial pressure in evaporation has been

P. Thilakan; S. Kalainathan; J. Kumar; P. Ramasamy

1995-01-01

179

The Anthrobiogeochemical Cycle of Indium: A Review of the Natural and Anthropogenic Cycling of Indium in the Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium is an important metal whose production is increasing dramatically due to new uses in the rapidly growing electronics, photovoltaic, and LED industries. Little is known about the natural or industrial cycling of indium, and toxicological data are incomplete. This review presents the existing state of knowledge of indium's natural and industrial fluxes, chemical behavior, toxicity, and analytical methods by

Sarah Jane O. White; Harold F. Hemond

2011-01-01

180

The Anthrobiogeochemical Cycle of Indium: A Review of the Natural and Anthropogenic Cycling of Indium in the Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium is an important metal whose production is increasing dramatically due to new uses in the rapidly growing electronics, photovoltaic, and LED industries. Little is known about the natural or industrial cycling of indium, and toxicological data are incomplete. This review presents the existing state of knowledge of indium's natural and industrial fluxes, chemical behavior, toxicity, and analytical methods by

SARAH JANE O. WHITE; HAROLD F. HEMOND

2012-01-01

181

Standard Reference Material 1745: Indium Freezing-Point Standard and Standard Reference Material 2232: Indium DSC Melting-Point Standard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The freezing point of indium (156.5985 degrees C) is a defining fixed-point cell containing high-purity (greater than or equal to 99.999% pure) indium. A single lot of indium (greater than or equal to 99.999% pure) constituting Standard Reference Material...

G. F. Strouse

2001-01-01

182

Nature of deep acceptors in indium antimonide  

SciTech Connect

Samples of p- and n-type indium antimonide doped with various impurities were irradiated at room temperature with 25 MeV electrons. The temperatures dependences of the Hall coefficient and electrical resistivity were recorded in the range 4.2--300 /sup 0/K before and after irradiation. The results indicated that deep acceptors with a level at E/sub c/-0.05 eV were complexes consisting of a primary radiation defect (most probably an interstitial indium atom) and an oxygen atom. (AIP)

Zaitov, F.; Gorshkova, O.; Polyakov, A.; Kevorkov, M.; Popkov, A.

1981-06-01

183

Indium tin oxide (ITO) thin film fabricated by indium–tin–organic sol including ITO nanoparticle  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, indium tin oxide (ITO) thin film was fabricated by indium–tin–organic sol including ITO nanoparticle, and optical transmittance was characterized. ITO nanoparticle was designed to dope 10wt.% SnO2 into In2O3 lattice, and was synthesized under low temperature not exceeding 300°C in order to make ultrafine sized particle. As a result, the synthesized ITO nanoparticle showed ultrafine size about

Sung-Jei Hong; Jeong-In Han

2006-01-01

184

High-efficiency indium tin oxide\\/indium phosphide solar cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improvements in the performance of indium tin oxide (ITO)\\/indium phosphide solar cells have been realized by the dc magnetron sputter deposition of n-ITO onto an epitaxial p\\/p(+) structure grown on commercial p(+) bulk substrates. The highest efficiency cells were achieved when the surface of the epilayer was exposed to an Ar\\/H2 plasma before depositing the bulk of the ITO in

X. Li; M. W. Wanlass; T. A. Gessert; K. A. Emery; T. J. Coutts

1989-01-01

185

Mn-implanted, polycrystalline indium tin oxide and indium oxide films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polycrystalline conducting, ca. 250nm thick indium tin oxide (ITO) and indium oxide (IO) films grown on SiO2\\/Si substrates using reactive magnetron sputtering, have been implanted with 1 and 5at.% of Mn, followed by annealing in nitrogen or in vacuum. The effect of the post-growth treatment on the structural, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties has been studied. The roughness of implanted

Camelia Scarlat; Mykola Vinnichenko; Qingyu Xu; Danilo Bürger; Shengqiang Zhou; Andreas Kolitsch; Jörg Grenzer; Manfred Helm; Heidemarie Schmidt

2009-01-01

186

Transport mechanism of spray pyrolytic-grown indium tin oxide\\/indium phosphide junctions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium tin oxide (ITO)\\/p-indium phosphide (InP) junctions have been prepared by the spray pyrolysis technique and the photovoltaic properties have been reported earlier. Continuing our efforts to understand the transport mechanism across these junctions, XPS, current-voltage (dark), and capacitance-voltage measurements have been carried out on the samples having 10.2% photovoltaic efficiency under 100 mW\\/cm2 illumination. The XPS studies have confirmed

V. Vasu; P. Manivannan; A. Subrahmanyam

1995-01-01

187

Fluxless indium and silver-indium bonding processes for photonics and high-temperature electronics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fluxless oxidation-free bonding technology using multilayer composite solders based on indium, or low melting temperature indium. alloys such as Ag-In, In-Sn and Au-In has been developed and studied. This technology eliminates the need of flux and scrubbing motion that are used in conventional soldering processes, and still produces good quality joints. By depositing multilayer composite materials in high vacuum,

William Wilson So

1999-01-01

188

STS-113 crew after arrival at KSC's SLF  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-113 Mission Specialist John B. Herrington (left) and Pilot Paul Lockhart shake hands following their arrival at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility to prepare for launch. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary objective of the mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major task of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is targeted for no earlier than Nov. 22 between 7 and 11 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

189

Cascade ? rays following capture of thermal neutrons on 113Cd  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intensity distributions of cascade ?-ray transitions following the capture of thermal neutrons by 113Cd have been measured at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center for various ?-ray multiplicities. The experiment was carried out at the highly segmented 4? ?-ray calorimeter—Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments (DANCE). A measured two-dimensional spectrum of counts versus ?-ray energy versus ?-ray multiplicity, from the strongest resonance in the 113Cd(n,?) reaction at 0.178 eV has been compared to predictions from the statistical model. The best representation of the ?-ray cascades following the capture of thermal neutrons on 113Cd is presented. The intensity distribution of these cascades is of great importance for estimates of response to thermal neutrons of devices that use natural or enriched cadmium.

Rusev, G.; Jandel, M.; Krti?ka, M.; Arnold, C. W.; Bredeweg, T. A.; Couture, A.; Moody, W. A.; Mosby, S. M.; Ullmann, J. L.

2013-11-01

190

STS-113 Mission Specialist Lopez-Alegris arrives for TCDT  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria arrives at KSC for Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities, which include a simulated launch countdown. The primary payloads on mission STS-113 are the first port truss segment, P1, and the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart B. Once delivered, the P1 truss will remain stowed until flight 12A.1 in 2003 when it will be attached to the central truss segment, S0, on the Space Station. Also onboard Space Shuttle Endeavour will be the Expedition 6 crew who will replace Expedition 5, returning to Earth after 4 months. The STS-113 launch is scheduled for Nov. 10, 2002.

2002-01-01

191

STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart arrives at KSC for launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart gives a thumbs up following his arrival at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility to prepare for launch. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary objective of the mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major task of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is targeted for no earlier than Nov. 22 between 7 and 11 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

192

STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart arrives at KSC for launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart arrives at the KSC Shuttle Landing Facility to get ready for launch. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 between midnight and 4 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

193

Reliable bonding using indium-based solders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low temperature bonding techniques with high bond strengths and reliability are required for the fabrication and packaging of MEMS devices. Indium and indium-tin based bonding processes are explored for the fabrication of a flextensional MEMS actuator, which requires the integration of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) substrate with a silicon micromachined structure at low temperatures. The developed technique can be used either for wafer or chip level bonding. The lithographic steps used for the patterning and delineation of the seed layer limit the resolution of this technique. Using this technique, reliable bonds were achieved at a temperature of 200°C. The bonds yielded an average tensile strength of 5.41 MPa and 7.38 MPa for samples using indium and indium-tin alloy solders as the intermediate bonding layers respectively. The bonds (with line width of 100 microns) showed hermetic sealing capability of better than 10-11 mbar-l/s when tested using a commercial helium leak tester.

Cheong, Jongpil; Goyal, Abhijat; Tadigadapa, Srinivas; Rahn, Christopher

2004-01-01

194

On the mechanical properties of indium antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The deformation properties of indium antimonide have been studied under a variety of conditions. At room temperatures elastic behaviour is observed up to the fracture point, while at higher temperatures glide occurs on {111} planes. Impact at room temperature can cause glide on {110} planes. A method of observing individual dislocations is described, and the dislocation distributions after the various

J. W. Allen

1957-01-01

195

Indium antimonide as a fluxmeter material  

Microsoft Academic Search

General principles in the measurement of magnetic fields by use of the Hall effect are considered, and it is shown that the efficiency of Hall generator devices is proportional to the square of the carrier mobility in the material used. Indium antimonide, a semi-conductor with a very high carrier mobility, is therefore very useful for such a purpose. The construction

E W Saker; F A Cunnell; J T Edmond

1955-01-01

196

Shear deformation of indium solder joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium solder joint deformation has been investigated under conditions of shear loading and stress relaxation at room temperature. The deformation behavior was characterized as a function of strain, strain rate, joint thickness, and hold time. Implications of the results are discussed relative to thermal stresses and solder joint reliability in an electronic package. Work hardening during loading was found to

R. Darveaux; I. Turlik

1990-01-01

197

Shear deformation of indium solder joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium solder joint deformation was investigated under conditions of shear loading and stress relaxation at room temperature. The deformation behavior was characterized as a function of strain, strain rate, joint thickness, and hold time. Work hardening during loading was found to increase with strain rate in the range of 10-4 to 10 -2 s-1 and decrease with joint thickness in

Robert Darveaux; Iwona Turlik

1990-01-01

198

Sputtering of indium-tin oxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we have brought together investigations by ourselves of the sputtering of thin films of Indium-Tin Oxide (ITO), onto substrates which are at ambient temperature, in which we sought to produce films with the highest electrical conductivity and visible transparancy. The work included investigations of the optimum alloy ratio, stoichiometry control techniques and different reactive sputtering systems. These

R. P. Howson; I. Safi; G. W. Hall; N. Danson

1997-01-01

199

Sinterless Formation Of Contacts On Indium Phosphide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Improved technique makes it possible to form low-resistivity {nearly equal to 10(Sup-6) ohm cm(Sup2)} electrical contacts on indium phosphide semiconductor devices without damaging devices. Layer of AgP2 40 Angstrom thick deposited on InP before depositing metal contact. AgP2 interlayer sharply reduces contact resistance, without need for sintering.

Weizer, Victor G.; Fatemi, Navid S.

1995-01-01

200

Electrohydrodynamic Spraying of Gallium-Indium Alloy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The electrical atomization of a liquid eutectic alloy of Gallium and Indium was investigated in a vacuum. A time-of-flight mass spectrometer was used to determine the drop characteristics in the spray. The atomization, per se, results from the instability...

D. S. Swatik

1967-01-01

201

Serrated flow in gold-indium alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The characteristics of serrated flow in gold-indium solid solution alloys are studied over a range of strain rates and temperatures. Two types of serrations are distinguished, the general Type A locking serrations which are similar to those observed by Russell (1963) and the Type C unlocking serrations. The Type C serrations are restricted to a narrow temperature range at the

A. J. R. Soler-gomez; W. J. Mcg. Tegart

1969-01-01

202

Effects of inhalation of Freon 113 on laboratory animals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Four monkeys, 8 dogs, 40 mice, and 50 rats were exposed continuously to 2000 ppm Freon 113 in a Thomas Dome for 14 days. This exposure produced no mortalities nor adverse symptomology. There were no significant alterations in hematological values, clinical chemistries, electroencephalographic findings, body weights, or organ to body weight ratios. The effect of 2% Freon 113 on nicotinic transmission through the stellate ganglion of the spinal dog was also evaluated. The exposure induced a reduction in nicotinic transmission comparable to 2% halothane.

Carter, V. L.; Chikos, P. M.; Macewen, J. D.; Back, K. C.

1970-01-01

203

STS-113 visitors watch the Space Shuttle Endeavour launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Watching the launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 are NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe (left) and Associate Administrator of Public Affairs Glen Mahone. Liftoff occurred ontime at 7:49:47 p.m. EST. The launch is the 19th for Endeavour, and the 112th flight in the Shuttle program. Mission STS-113 is the 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station, carrying another structure for the Station, the P1 integrated truss. Also onboard are the Expedition 6 crew, who will replace Expedition 5. Endeavour is scheduled to land at KSC after an 11-day journey.

2002-01-01

204

LC-39A RSS Rollback before launch of STS-113  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - The Rotating Service Structure has been rolled back to reveal Space Shuttle Endeavour awaiting launch on Launch Pad 39A. The primary mission of STS-113 is to bring the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. Another major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 at 12:58:40 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

205

STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart suits up for launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart shows thumbs up for launch as he finishes suiting up. Lockhart will be making his second Shuttle flight. The primary mission for the crew is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for 8:15 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

206

36 CFR 11.3 - Power to revoke.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ARROWHEAD AND PARKSCAPE SYMBOLS § 11.3 Power to revoke. Permission granted...by him at any time upon a finding that the use of the symbol or symbols involved is injurious to their integrity or...

2013-07-01

207

113. INSIDE THE LITTLE FALLS AQUEDUCT, SPANNING THE PASSAIC RIVER. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

113. INSIDE THE LITTLE FALLS AQUEDUCT, SPANNING THE PASSAIC RIVER. THE AQUEDUCT WAS CONSTRUCTED OF STONE. THE WOODEN FRAMEWORK VISIBLE IN THE PICTURE WAS ADDED TO SHORE UP THE DETERIORATING STONE WORK OF THE ORIGINAL AQUEDUCT. - Morris Canal, Phillipsburg, Warren County, NJ

208

Brillouin Scattering of Solithane 113 at High Pressure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Brillouin spectra from Solithane 113 have been obtained as a function of pressure at 26 C using a Fabry-Perot Interferometer. The modulus was derived from the sound velocity and was found to double as the pressure increased to 2.67 K bar. In addition the ...

M. Abebe P. E. Schoen

1980-01-01

209

113. ROCK CREEK SIPHON LOW LINE CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

113. ROCK CREEK SIPHON LOW LINE CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY IDAHO; CLOSE-UP OF INLET SIDE OF SIPHON, NORTHWEST VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

210

Visualization studies of a freon-113 bubble condensing in water  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several visualization methods have been applied in studies of organic bubbles condensing in water. The results, although qualitative in nature, have furnished an insight into the physical phenomena governing the process. Shadow graphing of the collapsing bubbles has outlined the thermal surroundings of the bubble. Shadowgraphs of a freon-113 bubble recorded in sequence have illustrated the formation of a thermal

H. Kalman; A. Ullmann; R. Letan

1987-01-01

211

38 CFR 4.113 - Coexisting abdominal conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DISABILITIES Disability Ratings The Digestive System § 4.113 Coexisting abdominal conditions. There are diseases of the digestive system, particularly within the...instruction under the title âDiseases of the Digestive System,â do not lend themselves...

2009-07-01

212

38 CFR 4.113 - Coexisting abdominal conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DISABILITIES Disability Ratings The Digestive System § 4.113 Coexisting abdominal conditions. There are diseases of the digestive system, particularly within the...instruction under the title âDiseases of the Digestive System,â do not lend themselves...

2010-07-01

213

113. VIEW OF NORTH SIDE OF MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

113. VIEW OF NORTH SIDE OF MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ROOM (110), LSB (BLDG. 770). QUALITY ASSURANCE ROOM (106A) ON RIGHT SIDE OF PHOTO; CABLE TRAYS OVERHEAD AT TOP; STAIRS TO LSB (BLDG. 770) ADDITION (ROOMS 117 THROUGH 120) IN CENTER OF PHOTO. - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 West, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

214

LC-39A RSS Rollback before launch of STS-113  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- With the Rotating Service Structure rolled back, Space Shuttle Endeavour stands ready for launch on mission STS-113. Above the golden external tank is the vent hood (known as the 'beanie cap') at the end of the gaseous oxygen vent arm. Vapors are created as the liquid oxygen in the external tank boil off. The hood vents the gaseous oxygen vapors away from the Space Shuttle vehicle. The Orbiter Access Arm extends from the Fixed Service Structure (FSS) to the crew compartment hatch, through which the STS-113 crew will enter Endeavour. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 at 12:58 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

215

23 CFR 650.113 - Only practicable alternative finding.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Hydraulic Design of Encroachments on Flood Plains § 650.113 Only practicable alternative...proposed action must be located in the flood plain, (2) The alternatives considered and...conforms to applicable State or local flood-plain protection standards. (b)...

2013-04-01

216

14 CFR 1221.113 - Use of the NASA Flags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Use of the NASA Flags. 1221.113 Section 1221...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION THE NASA SEAL AND OTHER DEVICES, AND THE CONGRESSIONAL SPACE MEDAL OF HONOR NASA Seal, NASA Insignia, NASA...

2011-01-01

217

Metabolic Imaging in the Anesthetized Rat Brain Using Hyperpolarized [1-13C] Pyruvate and [1-13C] Ethyl Pyruvate  

PubMed Central

Formulation, polarization, and dissolution conditions were developed to obtain a stable hyperpolarized solution of [1-13C]-ethyl pyruvate. A maximum tolerated concentration and injection rate were determined, and 13C spectroscopic imaging was used to compare the uptake of hyperpolarized [1-13C]-ethyl pyruvate relative to hyperpolarized [1-13C]-pyruvate into anesthetized rat brain. Hyperpolarized [1-13C]-ethyl pyruvate and [1-13C]-pyruvate metabolic imaging in normal brain is demonstrated and quantified in this feasibility and range-finding study.

Hurd, Ralph E.; Yen, Yi-Fen; Mayer, Dirk; Chen, Albert; Wilson, David; Kohler, Susan; Bok, Robert; Vigneron, Daniel; Kurhanewicz, John; Tropp, James; Spielman, Daniel; Pfefferbaum, Adolf

2010-01-01

218

Transformation of indium nanoparticles to ?-indium sulfide: digestive ripening and visible light-induced photocatalytic properties.  

PubMed

We report the transformation of polydispersed dodecanethiol stabilized indium nanoparticles, obtained from bulk indium shot by evaporation/condensation solvated metal atom dispersion (SMAD) technique, into highly monodispersed partially alkyl thiolate-capped ?-indiumsulfide (In(2)S(3)) by a postpreparative digestive ripening in high boiling point t-butyltoluene (190 °C) solvent. Upon digestive ripening, the as-prepared polydispersed black indium nanoparticles showed a characteristic color transition from black to cream, pale yellow, yellow, and finally to brown, indicating the transformation of the indium metal nanoparticles into intermediates composed of indium thiolates, sulfides, and polysulfides, and finally into the product In(2)S(3) nanoparticles whose surfaces are partially capped with thiolates. The transformed product (In(2)S(3)) was characterized with UV-vis, XRD, EDX, SEM, XPS, and TEM. From XRD and TEM measurements, the average size of the transformed In(2)S(3) nanoparticles is 5 nm. The optical absorbance of the as-prepared sample showed absorption peaks around 538 and 613 nm; upon digestive ripening these two peaks disappeared and stabilized at 375 nm, providing evidence of strong quantum confinement of excitons. The visible light-induced photocatalytic activity test with the In(2)S(3) nanoparticles showed that 95% of Rhodamine B (RhB) dye degraded after 100 min of irradiation with visible light. PMID:22272650

Cingarapu, Sreeram; Ikenberry, Myles A; Hamal, Dambar B; Sorensen, Christopher M; Hohn, Keith; Klabunde, Kenneth J

2012-02-21

219

40 CFR 421.190 - Applicability: Description of the secondary indium subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Applicability: Description of the secondary indium subcategory. 421.190 Section...MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Secondary Indium Subcategory § 421.190 Applicability: Description of the secondary indium subcategory. The provisions...

2009-07-01

220

40 CFR 421.190 - Applicability: Description of the secondary indium subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Applicability: Description of the secondary indium subcategory. 421.190 Section...MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Secondary Indium Subcategory § 421.190 Applicability: Description of the secondary indium subcategory. The provisions...

2010-07-01

221

40 CFR 421.190 - Applicability: Description of the secondary indium subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...subcategory. The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges resulting from the production of indium at secondary indium facilities processing spent electrolyte solutions and scrap indium metal raw...

2013-07-01

222

Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the fabrication and characterization of zinc-indium-oxide films with similar electrical conductivity and better transparency in both the visible and infrared compared with indium–tin–oxide, a widely used transparent conductor in many technological applications. Dramatically superior transmission properties in the 1–1.5 ?m range in particular make zinc–indium–oxide attractive for use in infrared devices, where transparent electrodes are required. Resisitivities as

Julia M. Phillips; R. J. Cava; G. A. Thomas; S. A. Carter; J. Kwo; T. Siegrist; J. J. Krajewski; J. H. Marshall; W. F. Peck Jr.; D. H. Rapkine

1995-01-01

223

Recovering indium with sulfating roasting from copper-smelting ash  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technology for recovering indium from Jinchuan copper-smelting ash was developed. Indium in the ash was first enriched to the leaching-slag in leaching process, and then recovered by sulfating roasting. The method included mixing the leaching-slag with sulfuric acid, making them into particles, roasting the mixture, and then leaching the calcine with hot water. Above 90% of indium in calcine

Guocai ZHU; Mingdan ZHENG; Guanglong FAN; Yuna ZHAO

2007-01-01

224

Directly deposited fluxless lead-indium-gold composite solder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lead-indium-gold multilayer composite solder has been developed for bonding electronic devices without the use of flux. The composite is deposited directly on GaAs wafers in high vacuum to inhibit indium oxidation. The gold layer on the composite further protects the indium layer from oxidation in atmosphere. Using the composite solder without flux, GaAs dies have been successfully bonded to alumina

Chen Y. Wang; Yi C. Chen; Chin C. Lee

1993-01-01

225

Directly deposited lead-indium-gold composite solder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lead-indium-gold multilayer composite solder has been developed for bonding electronic devices. The composite is deposited directly on GaAs wafers in high vacuum to prevent indium oxidation. The gold layer on the composite further protects the indium layer from oxidation in the atmosphere. The GaAs dies are bonded to a gold-coated alumina substrate at a process temperature of 250°C. Nearly perfect

Yi-Chia Chen; Chen Y. Wang; Chin C. Lee

1993-01-01

226

Localized bonding with PSG or indium solder as intermediate layer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The feasibility of “localized bonding” with PSG (phosphosilicate glass) or indium solder as the intermediate layer have been demonstrated. Both localized PSG-to-glass and indium-to-glass bonds are accomplished on a square bonding area (~500×500 ?m2 ) encompassed by 5 ?m wide microheaters made of phosphorus doped polysilicon. Either PSG or indium solder are deposited on top of the microheater and function

Y. T. Cheng; Liwei Lin; Khalil Najafi

1999-01-01

227

Doping profiles for indium antimonide magnetoresistors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium antimonide is of interest for magnetoresistors in position- and speed-sensing applications. These sensors are fabricated as thin-film elements in order to increase the device impedance. The InSb is normally doped n-type to stabilize the electron density and hence the impedance with respect to temperature changes. This involves tradeoffs, since ionized donors also scatter electrons, reducing their mobility and hence

D. L. Partin; J. Heremans; C. M. Thrush

1998-01-01

228

Lattice Absorption Bands in Indium Antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of detailed measurements of the absorption spectrum of high quality single crystals of n-type indium antimonide has been made in the wavelength range 15 to 130 ?, and over the temperature range 4.2 to 90°K.Some new absorption bands have been found, and an explanation is offered for the positions and temperature dependence of all the principle absorption peaks

S J Fray; F A Johnson; R H Jones

1960-01-01

229

Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study of high-order harmonic generation in In, InSb, InP, and InGaP plasmas using femtosecond laser radiation with variable chirp is presented. Intensity enhancement of the 13th and 21st harmonics compared to the neighboring harmonics by a factor of 200 and 10, respectively, is observed. It is shown that the harmonic spectrum from indium-containing plasma plumes can be considerably modified by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse.

Ganeev, R. A.; Kulagin, I. A. [Akadempribor Scientific Association, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent 700125 (Uzbekistan); Singhal, H.; Naik, P. A.; Arora, V.; Chakravarty, U.; Chakera, J. A.; Khan, R. A.; Raghuramaiah, M.; Gupta, P. D. [Laser Plasma Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452013 (India); Redkin, P. V. [Samarkand State University, Samarkand 703004 (Uzbekistan)

2006-12-15

230

Metamorphic materials for indium arsenide transistors  

Microsoft Academic Search

To improve on both the high frequency and low-power aspects of the III-V semiconductor microwave transistor (by definition, the microwave transistor operates at frequencies above 1 GHz), InAs or a related high indium content alloy is incorporated in the base layer of the heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) and the channel layer of the high electron mobility transistor (HEMT). These devices

Atif M. Noori

2006-01-01

231

Thermoelectric Properties of Indium-Filled Skutterudites  

SciTech Connect

Structural, electrical, and thermal transport properties of CoSb{sub 3} partially filled with indium are reported. Polycrystalline samples of In{sub x}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} (0 {le} x {le} 0.3) were prepared by solid-state reaction under a gas mixture of 5% H{sub 2} and 95% Ar. The solubility limit of the indium filling voids in CoSb{sub 3} was found to be close to 0.22. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction refinement of the x = 0.2 sample showed that the indium is located in the classic rattler site and has a substantially larger thermal factor than those of Co and Sb. The electrical resistivity, Seebeck coefficients, and thermal conductivity of the In{sub x}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} samples were measured in the temperature range of 300-600 K. All samples showed metal-like behavior, and the large negative Seebeck coefficients indicated n-type conduction. The thermal conductivity decreased with increasing temperature for all samples. A thermoelectric figure-of-merit (ZT) {ge} 1 (n-type) has been achieved when x {ge} 0.2 in In{sub x}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} at 575 K.

He, Tao; Chen, Jiazhong; Rosenfeld, H. David; Subramanian, M.A. (Dupont)

2008-09-18

232

Preparation of indium sulfide thin films by spray pyrolysis using a new precursor indium nitrate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indium nitrate and thiourea were used as the precursor solutions for preparing indium sulfide thin films using Chemical Spray Pyrolysis (CSP) technique. Films having various In/S ratios were characterized using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDX), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), optical absorption, transmission and photosensitivity measurements. Sample having In/S ratio 2/3 showed better crystallinity with band gap 2.66 eV. Depth profile of the sample also indicated the formation of indium sulfide. It was also observed that In/S ratio in the initial precursor solution determined the composition as well as electrical properties of the films. Maximum photosensitivity was observed for the sample prepared using solution having In/S ratio 2/4.

John, Teny Theresa; Kartha, C. Sudha; Vijayakumar, K. P.; Abe, T.; Kashiwaba, Y.

2005-12-01

233

The kinetic laws of anodic oxidation of indium arsenide  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the kinetic laws of growth of the anodic oxide film (AOP) on indium arsenide and determines the fundamental parameters characterizing the growth of the oxide. Epitaxial indium arsenide of IMN/PAI grade was used as the starting material. The rate curves of anodic oxidation of indium arsenide in the GSR and PSR are presented. The investigations show that the growth of the oxide film on indium arsenide in the GSR and PSR of anodic oxidation are basically described by the classical picture.

Gurtov, V.A.; Gurtova, T.V.; Zolotov, M.V.

1985-11-01

234

InP (Indium Phosphide): Into the future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Major industry is beginning to be devoted to indium phosphide and its potential applications. Key to these applications are high speed and radiation tolerance; however the high cost of indium phosphide may be an inhibitor to progress. The broad applicability of indium phosphide to many devices will be discussed with an emphasis on photovoltaics. Major attention is devoted to radiation tolerance and means of reducing cost of devices. Some of the approaches applicable to solar cells may also be relevant to other devices. The intent is to display the impact of visionary leadership in the field and enable the directions and broad applicability of indium phosphide.

Brandhorst, Henry W., Jr.

1989-01-01

235

STS-113 Endeavour rollout to Launch Complex 39A  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Against a lavender and pink dawn sky, Space Shuttle Endeavour inches up the ramp of Launch Pad 39A after its rollout from the Vehicle Assembly Building. The Shuttle sits atop the Mobile Launcher Platform and is transported by the crawler-transporter underneath. Endeavour is scheduled to launch Nov. 10 on mission STS-113, the 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary payloads on mission STS-113 are the first port truss segment, P1 Truss, and the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart B. Once delivered, the P1 truss will remain stowed until flight 12A.1 in 2003 when it will be attached to the central truss segment, S0, on the Space Station. The mission will also deliver the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return Expedition 5 to Earth.

2002-01-01

236

STS-113 Endeavour rollout to Launch Complex 39A  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Against a lavender and pink dawn sky, Space Shuttle Endeavour inches up the ramp of Launch Pad 39A after its rollout from the Vehicle Assembly Building. The Shuttle sits atop the Mobile Launcher Platform and is transported by the crawler-transporter underneath. Endeavour is scheduled to launch Nov. 10 on mission STS-113, the 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary payloads on mission STS-113 are the first port truss segment, P1 Truss, and the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart B. Once delivered, the P1 truss will remain stowed until flight 12A.1 in 2003 when it will be attached to the central truss segment, S0, on the Space Station. The mission will also deliver the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return Expedition 5 to Earth.

2002-01-01

237

STS-113 Endeavour rollout to Launch Complex 39A  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- A lavender, pink and yellow dawn sky silhouettes Space Shuttle Endeavour as it inches up the ramp toward the top of Launch Pad 39A. The Shuttle sits atop the Mobile Launcher Platform and is transported by the crawler-transporter underneath. Endeavour is scheduled to launch Nov. 10 on mission STS-113, the 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary payloads on mission STS-113 are the first port truss segment, P1 Truss, and the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart B. Once delivered, the P1 truss will remain stowed until flight 12A.1 in 2003 when it will be attached to the central truss segment, S0, on the Space Station. The mission will also deliver the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return Expedition 5 to Earth.

2002-01-01

238

STS-113 visitors watch the Space Shuttle Endeavour launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Among the visitors watching the launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 are NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe (top, center) and Glen Mahone, associate administrator for public affairs, NASA (left of O'Keefe). Liftoff occurred ontime at 7:49:47 p.m. EST. The launch is the 19th for Endeavour, and the 112th flight in the Shuttle program. Mission STS-113 is the 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station, carrying another structure for the Station, the P1 integrated truss. Also onboard are the Expedition 6 crew, who will replace Expedition 5. Endeavour is scheduled to land at KSC after an 11-day journey.

2002-01-01

239

STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart in White Room before launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the White Room on Launch Pad 39A, STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart is helped by Danny Wyatt (foreground) with his launch and entry suit before entering Space Shuttle Endeavour. Wyatt is the NASA Quality Assurance specialist with the Closeout Crew. The launch will carry the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 23 at 7:50 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

240

Experiences with Learning Management Systems in 113 European Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the major findings from six regional analyses conducted within the framework of the European Web-edu project (http:\\/\\/www.nettskolen.com\\/in_english\\/webedusite\\/index.html). It analyses the experiences of European institutions with the Learning Management Systems that they have purchased or developed themselves. Data was collected from in-depth interviews with 113 European experts, usually the systems managers in the institutions, in 17 countries. The

Morten Flate Paulsen

2003-01-01

241

Eurolaser activities and EU113 achievements in particular  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative laser activities in Europe under the 'Eureka umbrella,' and their principle objectives, are summarized. The paper then discusses recent laser applications work within the Eureka EU113 CO EUROLASER Project using: a 1 kW laser at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh; a 3 - 4 kW (industrial prototype) Laser Ecosse laser (currently sited at TWI, Abington); and the high power laser facility

Ian J. Spalding; A. Clucas; Andrei A. Ionin; I. Jones; P. Leca; M. Malysh

1996-01-01

242

PG 1553+113: five years of observations with MAGIC  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the results of five years (2005-2009) of MAGIC observations of the BL Lac object PG 1553+113 at very high energies (VHEs, E > 100 GeV). Power law fits of the individual years are compatible with a steady mean photon index $\\\\Gamma$ = 4.27 \\\\pm 0.14. In the last three years of data, the flux level above 150 GeV

J. Aleksic; E. A. Alvarez; L. A. Antonelli; P. Antoranz; M. Asensio; M. Backes; J. A. Barrio; D. Bastieri; J. Becerra González; W. Bednarek; A. Berdyugin; K. Berger; E. Bernardini; A. Biland; O. Blanch; R. K. Bock; A. Boller; G. Bonnoli; D. Borla Tridon; I. Braun; T. Bretz; A. Cañellas; E. Carmona; A. Carosi; P. Colin; E. Colombo; J. L. Contreras; J. Cortina; L. Cossio; S. Covino; F. Dazzi; A. De Angelis; G. De Caneva; E. De Cea del Pozo; B. De Lotto; C. Delgado Mendez; A. Diago Ortega; M. Doert; A. Domínguez; D. Dominis Prester; D. Dorner; M. Doro; D. Elsaesser; D. Ferenc; M. V. Fonseca; C. Fruck; R. J. García López; M. Garczarczyk; D. Garrido; G. Giavitto; N. Godinovic; D. Hildebrand; D. Häfner; A. Herrero; D. Höhne-Mönch; J. Hose; D. Hrupec; B. Huber; T. Jogler; H. Kellermann; S. Klepser; T. Krähenbühl; J. Krause; A. La Barbera; D. Lelas; E. Leonardo; E. Lindfors; S. Lombardi; M. López; A. López-Oramas; E. Lorenz; M. Makariev; G. Maneva; N. Mankuzhiyil; K. Mannheim; L. Maraschi; M. Mariotti; M. Martínez; D. Mazin; M. Meucci; J. M. Miranda; R. Mirzoyan; H. Miyamoto; J. Moldón; A. Moralejo; P. Munar-Adrover; D. Nieto; K. Nilsson; R. Orito; I. Oya; D. Paneque; R. Paoletti; S. Pardo; J. M. Paredes; S. Partini; M. Pasanen; F. Pauss; M. A. Perez-Torres; M. Persic; L. Peruzzo; M. Pilia; J. Pochon; F. Prada; P. G. Prada Moroni; E. Prandini; I. Puljak; I. Reichardt; R. Reinthal; W. Rhode; M. Ribó; J. Rico; S. Rügamer; A. Saggion; K. Saito; T. Y. Saito; M. Salvati; K. Satalecka; V. Scalzotto; V. Scapin; C. Schultz; T. Schweizer; M. Shayduk; S. N. Shore; A. Sillanpää; J. Sitarek; D. Sobczynska; F. Spanier; S. Spiro; V. Stamatescu; A. Stamerra; B. Steinke; J. Storz; N. Strah; T. Suric; L. Takalo; H. Takami; F. Tavecchio; P. Temnikov; T. Terzic; D. Tescaro; M. Teshima; O. Tibolla; D. F. Torres; A. Treves; M. Uellenbeck; H. Vankov; P. Vogler; R. M. Wagner; Q. Weitzel; V. Zabalza; F. Zandanel; R. Zanin; S. Buson; D. Horan; S. Larsson

2011-01-01

243

113. Photographic copy of drawing (17 MAY 1916, original drawing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

113. Photographic copy of drawing (17 MAY 1916, original drawing in Archives, Public Affairs Department, Sears Merchandise Group, Hoffman Estates, Illinois). Nimmons and Fellows. 1/8 inch to one foot. Elevation along the train shed. Second addition to Annex A. NORTH ELEVATION (ANNEX, BAYS L, M, N, AND O, FOR FLOORS FOUR THROUGH NINE) - Sears Roebuck & Company Mail Order Plant, Merchandise Building, 924 South Homan Avenue, Chicago, Cook County, IL

244

STS-113 Endeavour processing with fiber-optic camera  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Scott Minnick, with United Space Alliance, places a fiber-optic camera inside the flow line on Endeavour. Minnick wears a special viewing apparatus that sees where the camera is going. The inspection is the result of small cracks being discovered on the LH2 Main Propulsion System (MPS) flow liners in other orbiters. Endeavour is next scheduled to fly on mission STS-113.

2002-01-01

245

Spectral structure near the 11.3 micron emission feature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

If the 11.3 micron emission feature seen in the spectra of many planetary nebulae, H II regions, and reflection nebulae is attributable to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), then additional features should be present between 11.3 and 13.0 microns. Moderate resolution spectra of NGC 7027, HD 44179, BD+30 deg 3639, and IRAS 21282+5050 are presented which show evidence for new emission features centered near 12.0 and 12.7 microns. These are consistent with an origin from PAHs and can be used to constrain the molecular structure of the family of PAHs responsible for the infrared features. There is an indication that coronene-like PAHs contribute far more to the emission from NGC 7027 than to the emission from HD 44179. The observed asymmetric profile of the 11.3 micron band in all the spectra is consistent with the slight anharmonicity expected in the C-H out-of-plane bending mode in PAHs. A series of repeating features between 10 and 11 microns in the spectrum of HD 44179 suggests a simple hydride larger than 2 atoms is present in the gas phase in this object.

Witteborn, Fred C.; Sandford, Scott A.; Bregman, Jesse D.; Allamandola, Louis J.; Cohen, M.; Wooden, Diane

1989-01-01

246

STS-113 crew breakfast before second launch attempt  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - On the second launch attempt, the STS-113 crew enjoys a snack before suiting up for launch. The launch was scrubbed on Nov. 22 because of poor weather in the Transoceanic Abort Landing sites. Seated left to right are Mission Specialists Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington, Pilot Paul Lockhart and Commander James Wetherbee; Expedition 6 flight engineer Nikolai Budarin, Commander Ken Bowersox and flight engineer Donald Pettit. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The launch will carry the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is now scheduled for Nov. 23 at 7:50 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

247

Magnetic and intruder rotational bands in {sup 113}In  

SciTech Connect

Excited states in {sup 113}In were populated via the reactions {sup 100}Mo({sup 18}O,p4n){sup 113}In and {sup 110}Pd({sup 7}Li,4n){sup 113}In. The two known {delta}J=2 intruder bands, based on the {pi}g{sub 7/2}xd{sub 5/2} and {pi}h{sub 11/2} orbitals, have been extended by 8({Dirac_h}/2{pi}) to spins (49/2{sup +})({Dirac_h}/2{pi}) and (55/2{sup -})({Dirac_h}/2{pi}), respectively. The previous finding of three sequences of {delta}J=1 {gamma}-ray transitions has been confirmed. A self-consistent cranked shell-model calculation gives a good description of the contrasting alignment patterns of the two {delta}J=2 intruder bands. The intruder bands, the known sequences of M1 transitions, and spherical levels together represent a coexistence of three different excitation modes in this nucleus.

Naguleswaran, S.; Garg, U.; Lamkin, K.L.; Smith, G.; Walpe, J.C. [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Chakrawarthy, R.S. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3 (Canada); Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Janzen, V.P.; Radford, D.C. [Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories, AECL Research, Chalk River, Ontario K1J 1J0 (Canada); Kaczarowski, R. [Soltan Institute of Nuclear Studies, 05-400 Swierk (Poland); Fossan, D.B.; Lafosse, D.R.; Vaska, P. [Department of Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Droste, Ch.; Morek, T. [Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw University, ul. Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Pilotte, S. [Department of Physics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5 (Canada); Graaf, J. de; Drake, T. [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S1A7 (Canada); Wyss, R. [Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Alba Nova Centre, Stockholm (Sweden)

2005-10-01

248

42 CFR 84.113 - Canisters and cartridges; color and markings; requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Canisters and cartridges; color and markings; requirements. 84.113 Section...Masks § 84.113 Canisters and cartridges; color and markings; requirements. The color and markings of all canisters and cartridges...

2013-10-01

249

46 CFR 113.35-5 - Electric engine order telegraph systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Electric engine order telegraph systems. 113...Order Telegraph Systems § 113.35-5 Electric engine order telegraph systems. (a) Each electric engine order telegraph system must...

2013-10-01

250

40 CFR 81.113 - Savannah (Georgia)-Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Beaufort (South Carolina) Interstate Air Quality Control Region. 81.113 Section 81...CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of Air Quality Control Regions § 81.113...

2013-07-01

251

24 CFR 886.113 - Physical condition standard; physical inspection requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Physical condition standard; physical inspection requirements. 886.113 Section...HUD-Insured and HUD-Held Mortgages § 886.113 Physical condition standard; physical inspection...

2012-04-01

252

24 CFR 886.113 - Physical condition standard; physical inspection requirements.  

...4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Physical condition standard; physical inspection requirements. 886.113 Section...HUD-Insured and HUD-Held Mortgages § 886.113 Physical condition standard; physical inspection...

2014-04-01

253

24 CFR 886.113 - Physical condition standard; physical inspection requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Physical condition standard; physical inspection requirements. 886.113 Section...HUD-Insured and HUD-Held Mortgages § 886.113 Physical condition standard; physical inspection...

2010-04-01

254

24 CFR 886.113 - Physical condition standard; physical inspection requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Physical condition standard; physical inspection requirements. 886.113 Section...HUD-Insured and HUD-Held Mortgages § 886.113 Physical condition standard; physical inspection...

2013-04-01

255

46 CFR 113.25-14 - Electric cable and distribution fittings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Electric cable and distribution fittings. 113...COMMUNICATION AND ALARM SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT General Emergency Alarm Systems § 113.25-14 Electric cable and distribution fittings....

2013-10-01

256

Implementation of the Soil Compactor Analyzer into Test Method TEX-113-E: Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Test method Tex-113-E prepares laboratory aggregate base test specimens with an impact hammer compactor. These specimens are used for compaction characteristics and design tests. Although the historical Tex-113-E required a certain amount of compaction en...

R. Taylor S. Sebesta

2012-01-01

257

9 CFR 113.6 - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing.  

...2014-01-01 false Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing. 113.6...and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Applicability § 113.6 Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service testing. A...

2014-01-01

258

9 CFR 113.215 - Bovine Virus Diarrhea Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Bovine Virus Diarrhea Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113.215 Section 113.215 Animals and...INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS;...

2009-01-01

259

26 CFR 1.1-3 - Change in rates applicable to taxable year.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Change in rates applicable to taxable year. 1.1-3 Section 1.1-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...TAX INCOME TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.1-3 Change in rates applicable to taxable year....

2010-04-01

260

26 CFR 1.1-3 - Change in rates applicable to taxable year.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Change in rates applicable to taxable year. 1.1-3 Section 1.1-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...TAX INCOME TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.1-3 Change in rates applicable to taxable year....

2009-04-01

261

47 CFR 69.113 - Non-premium charges for MTS-WATS equivalent services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Non-premium charges for MTS-WATS equivalent services. 69.113 Section 69.113 ...Computation of Charges § 69.113 Non-premium charges for MTS-WATS equivalent services. (a) Charges that are...

2010-10-01

262

47 CFR 69.113 - Non-premium charges for MTS-WATS equivalent services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Non-premium charges for MTS-WATS equivalent services. 69.113 Section 69.113 ...Computation of Charges § 69.113 Non-premium charges for MTS-WATS equivalent services. (a) Charges that are...

2009-10-01

263

Tank 241-TX-113 rotary mode core sampling and analysis plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This sampling and analysis plan (SAP) identities characterization objectives pertaining to sample collection, laboratory analytical evaluation, and reporting requirements for push mode core samples from tank 241-TX-113 (TX-113). The Tank Characterization Technical Sampling Basis document identities Retrieval, Pretreatment and Immobilization as an issue that applies to tank TX-113. As a result, a 150 gram composite of solids shall be made

McCain

1998-01-01

264

27 CFR 22.113 - Receipt of tax-free alcohol.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Receipt of tax-free alcohol. 22.113 Section 22.113 Alcohol...TREASURY ALCOHOL DISTRIBUTION AND USE OF TAX-FREE ALCOHOL Withdrawal and Receipt of Tax-Free Alcohol § 22.113 Receipt of...

2013-04-01

265

Investigations of Indium Tin Oxide—Barium Strontium Titanate–Indium Tin Oxide Heterostructure for Tunability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This letter reports for the first time the interesting behavior of the interface between indium tin oxide (ITO) as a high resistive electrode and barium strontium titanate tunable paraelectric thin film material. The interface is consisting of barium strontium titanate (BST) thin film dielectric material sandwiched between two ITO high resistive layers, all are integrated above glass substrate. When dc

Mahmoud Al Ahmad; Ludovic Salvagnac; Dominique Michau; Mario Maglione; Robert Plana

2008-01-01

266

Preparation and Characterization of Indium Oxide and Indium Tin Oxide Films by Activated Reactive Evaporation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transparent and conducting oxide films find many applications because of their excellent properties such as high optical transparency, low surface resistance, high infrared reflectance, etc. Realization of these properties depend upon the choice of the deposition technique and the control of deposition parameters. In this paper, we report the preparation of highly transparent and conducting films of indium oxide (In2O3)

K. Narasimha Rao; Sanjay Kashyap

2006-01-01

267

An Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Study of Indium Doped Zinc Oxide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Samples of zinc oxide doped with indium have been prepared using the vapor transport method. Concentration of dopant is controlled by appropriate mixing of the oxides of indium and zinc. When ZnO is mechanically damaged, three lines in the EPR spectrum wi...

C. van der Schroeff

1973-01-01

268

Substitution and doping strategies of the transparent conductor indium oxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structural, optical, and electronic effects of substitution and doping in indium oxide have been investigated. Tin-doped indium oxide (ITO), the workhorse transparent conducting oxide, adopts the cubic bixbyite structure. Isovalent substitution alters the intrinsic optical properties while aliovalent doping modifies the extrinsic electrical properties of In2O 3. Isovalent substitution was achieved in two ways: by replacing In 3+ with

Andrea Ambrosini

2000-01-01

269

Nanocrystal indium doped zinc oxide prepared by spray pyrolysis method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thin films of indium-doped zinc oxide have been prepared by spray pyrolysis of the methanol solution of zinc acetate on heated substrates. As prepared films show hexagonal wurtzite nanocrystal structure. The films have 90 % transmission for wavelength more than 550 nm, but the conductivity depends from the indium doping. Thickness of 500 nm of the films was estimated from

A. Tanusevski; M. Ristova; M. Ristov; V. Georgieva

2007-01-01

270

Co-doping of indium antimonide with bismuth and zinc  

SciTech Connect

The authors study the solubility of bismuth and zinc in indium antimonide on co-doping. They present data gathered by x-ray spectral analysis in three charts and a table, and conclude that the solubilities of both bismuth and zinc increase considerably upon introducing them together into indium antimonide.

Evgen'ev, S.B.; Kononkova, N.N.; Lapkina, I.A.; Sorokina, O.V.; Ufimtsev, V.B.

1985-08-01

271

Two-Step Plasma Process for Cleaning Indium Bonding Bumps  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A two-step plasma process has been developed as a means of removing surface oxide layers from indium bumps used in flip-chip hybridization (bump bonding) of integrated circuits. The two-step plasma process makes it possible to remove surface indium oxide, without incurring the adverse effects of the acid etching process.

Greer, Harold F.; Vasquez, Richard P.; Jones, Todd J.; Hoenk, Michael E.; Dickie, Matthew R.; Nikzad, Shouleh

2009-01-01

272

Liquid-phase epitaxy of lead-doped indium antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium antimonide was doped with lead under liquid-phase epitaxial (LPE) conditions, permitting the composition of the starting phase and the temperature of the process to be varied within wide limits. To obtain the maximum solubility of lead at any chosen LPE temperature it was used as a metallic solvent. It was found that the solubility of lead in indium antimonide

R. Kh. Akchurin; N. D. Kovalevskii

1986-01-01

273

Thermal conductance of indium solder joints at low temperatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal conductances of two indium solder joints were measured between 2 and 130 K. One joint was between two copper pieces and the other joint between beryllium and copper. Both joints gave nearly the same results even though beryllium is much more difficult to wet with indium. The thermal conductances of the joints at 4 K were considerably higher

Ray Radebaugh

1977-01-01

274

Indium phosphide transferred electron oscillators for millimetre-wave frequencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of indium phosphide TEOs for use in the millimeter wave frequency range. After presenting a brief theoretical basis for the superiority of indium phosphide over its chief rival gallium arsenide, details are given on the choice of epitaxial material used. Device fabrication is then considered with emphasis placed upon the special demands of mm-wave operation.

I. G. Eddison; I. Davies

1982-01-01

275

Indium Gallium Nitride Multijunction Solar Cell Simulation Using Silvaco Atlas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis investigates the potential use of wurtzite Indium Gallium Nitride as photovoltaic material. Silvaco Atlas was used to simulate a quad-junction solar cell. Each of the junctions was made up of Indium Gallium Nitride. The band gap of each juncti...

B. Garcia

2007-01-01

276

32 CFR 865.113 - Recommendations by the Director of the Personnel Council and Secretarial Review Authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Director of the Personnel Council and Secretarial Review Authority. 865.113 Section 865.113...ORGANIZATION AND MISSION-GENERAL PERSONNEL REVIEW BOARDS Air Force Discharge Review Board § 865.113 Recommendations by...

2013-07-01

277

Low frequency pressure modulation of indium antimonide.  

PubMed

A lumped parameter resonator capable of generating megapascal pressures at low frequency (kilohertz) is described. Accelerometers are used to determine the applied pressure, and are calibrated with a piezoelectric sample. A laser diagnostic was also developed to measure the pressure in semiconductor samples through the band gap pressure dependence. In addition, the laser diagnostic has been used to measure the attenuation coefficient ? of commercially available indium antimonide (InSb) wafers. The resonator and laser diagnostic have been used with InSb samples to verify the pressure response. PMID:22852703

Hallock, Gary A; Meier, Mark A

2012-07-01

278

Synthesis and Investigation of Indium Dodecatungstosilicate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium dodecatungstosilicate of the composition [In(OH)·5H2O]2 [SiW12O40]·H2O is synthesized and studied by means of IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, and X-ray phase analysis. The crystals of this compound are triclinic, space group P1, a 13.079(3), b 13.795(3), c 13.967(3) Å, a 90.08(3)°, ß 103.76(3)°, ?107.76(3)°, Z 2, and pcalc 4.900 g cm-3.

G. Z. Kaziev; A. A. Dutov; S. I. Quinones; A. de Ita; S. N. Sychkin

2005-01-01

279

Low frequency pressure modulation of indium antimonide  

SciTech Connect

A lumped parameter resonator capable of generating megapascal pressures at low frequency (kilohertz) is described. Accelerometers are used to determine the applied pressure, and are calibrated with a piezoelectric sample. A laser diagnostic was also developed to measure the pressure in semiconductor samples through the band gap pressure dependence. In addition, the laser diagnostic has been used to measure the attenuation coefficient {alpha} of commercially available indium antimonide (InSb) wafers. The resonator and laser diagnostic have been used with InSb samples to verify the pressure response.

Hallock, Gary A. [University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-0240 (United States); Meier, Mark A. [ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company, Houston, Texas 77252-2189 (United States)

2012-07-15

280

STS-108 MS Godwin in an M-113  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. --STS-108 Mission Specialist Linda A. Godwin is ready to take her turn driving an M-113 armored personnel carrier. She and other crew members are taking part in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities, which include emergency exit from the launch pad and a simulated launch countdown. The 11-day mission will carry the replacement Expedition 4 crew to the International Space Station, as well as the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module Raffaello, filled with supplies and equipment. STS-108 is scheduled to launch Nov. 29 on Space Shuttle Endeavour.

2001-01-01

281

STS-108 MS Tani in an M-113  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. --STS-108 Mission Specialist Daniel M. Tani is ready to practice driving an M-113 armored personnel carrier. He and other crew members are taking part in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities, which include emergency exit from the launch pad and a simulated launch countdown. STS-108 is a Utilization Flight that will carry the replacement Expedition 4 crew to the International Space Station, as well as the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module Raffaello, filled with supplies and equipment. The l1-day mission is scheduled for launch Nov. 29 on Space Shuttle Endeavour.

2001-01-01

282

Stabilization of freon 113 subcooled boiling in forced convection  

SciTech Connect

A simple electronic feedback system allowing to perform tests in subcooled boiling of Freon 113 in the transition region, where systems directly heated by Joule effect are unstable, is presented. A short, electrically heated tube is used where the current is controlled by the measure of the wall temperature. First experiments highlight a hysteresis phenomenon depending on whether the temperature difference between the wall and the boiling liquid is increased or decreased, and the influence of surface conditions on the shape of the boiling curve.

Gentile, D.; Benejean, R.; Llory, M.

1985-09-01

283

STS-113 Endeavour processing with fiber-optic camera  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- With the engines removed from Endeavour, the flow line can be inspected. On the right, Gerry Kathka, with United Space Alliance, hands part of a fiber-optic camera system to Scott Minnick, left. Minnick wears a special viewing apparatus that sees where the camera is going. The inspection is the result of small cracks being discovered on the LH2 Main Propulsion System (MPS) flow liners in other orbiters. Endeavour is next scheduled to fly on mission STS-113.

2002-01-01

284

STS-113 Endeavour processing with fiber-optic camera  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- With the engines removed from Endeavour, the inside of Endeavour is exposed. At left center, Scott Minnick, with United Space Alliance, operates a fiber-optic camera inside the flow line. Other USA team members, right, watching the progress on a screen in front, are Gerry Kathka (with controls), Mike Fore and Peggy Ritchie. The inspection is the result of small cracks being discovered on the LH2 Main Propulsion System (MPS) flow liners in other orbiters. Endeavour is next scheduled to fly on mission STS-113.

2002-01-01

285

Fluxless indium and silver-indium bonding processes for photonics and high-temperature electronics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A fluxless oxidation-free bonding technology using multilayer composite solders based on indium, or low melting temperature indium. alloys such as Ag-In, In-Sn and Au-In has been developed and studied. This technology eliminates the need of flux and scrubbing motion that are used in conventional soldering processes, and still produces good quality joints. By depositing multilayer composite materials in high vacuum, we eliminate the formation of an oxide layer thus removing the origin of the problem---solder oxidation. To understand the oxidation kinetics in the bonding process, I have modeled the oxidation rate of tin, which follows a parabolic growth law. For completeness of the oxidation model, I incorporated the temperature dependency of Henry's coefficient in the oxidation model. To prevent the solder material from oxidation when exposing to atmosphere, I have developed a technique, which utilizes the in-situ formation of stable intermetallic compound on the outer surface, or a gold layer to protect the bonding materials. The bonding is achieved by means of solid-liquid interdiffusion (SLID) and in-situ compound formation. The first alloy system that I studied is indium-silver. GaAs and silicon dice have been successfully bonded on silicon or glass substrates. The bonding quality is examined by a Scanning Acoustic Microscope (SAM). The results confirm that void-free joints are achieved. Cross-sections of the joint are examined using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. The results reveal that the joint is composed of AuIn2, AgIn2-intermetallic compound and pure indium. From the Ag-In phase diagram, as indium composition is reduced to 25 wt. %, the solidus temperature jumps from 144 to above 695°C. By modifying the design of the multilayer composite, we developed a 210°C process to produce 700°C joints. All the well-bonded devices, before or after annealing, exceed the shear test force requirement of 2.5 kg. Indium has been a choice for bonding photonic devices such as laser diodes. A major concern is the change of solder composition during device operation caused by diffusion of copper atoms from the copper substrate. Copper atoms can easily diffuse into and react with the indium joint to form intermetallic compounds Cu2In, CuIn, Cu9In4, Cu11 In9. This reaction continues even after the bonding process is completed and the device is put in operation at some temperature. Consequently, the composition, the microstructure and physical properties of the joint change during the device life.To prevent the intermetallic formation, the solder joint must remain indium rich. A barrier metallization on the copper substrate is necessary to stop copper atoms from getting into the solder joint. Device packages usually need more than one soldering operation to complete. The indium-rich alloys have a 156°C melting temperature. During subsequent bonding operations, another process with a bonding temperature lower than 156°C is valuable. Desirable bonding temperature should be lower than 156°C but higher than the maximum temperature of the joint during device operation. In-Sn eutectic alloy with a melting temperature of 118°C is chosen. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

So, William Wilson

286

Patterning of Indium Tin Oxide Films  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A relatively rapid, economical process has been devised for patterning a thin film of indium tin oxide (ITO) that has been deposited on a polyester film. ITO is a transparent, electrically conductive substance made from a mixture of indium oxide and tin oxide that is commonly used in touch panels, liquid-crystal and plasma display devices, gas sensors, and solar photovoltaic panels. In a typical application, the ITO film must be patterned to form electrodes, current collectors, and the like. Heretofore it has been common practice to pattern an ITO film by means of either a laser ablation process or a photolithography/etching process. The laser ablation process includes the use of expensive equipment to precisely position and focus a laser. The photolithography/etching process is time-consuming. The present process is a variant of the direct toner process an inexpensive but often highly effective process for patterning conductors for printed circuits. Relative to a conventional photolithography/ etching process, this process is simpler, takes less time, and is less expensive. This process involves equipment that costs less than $500 (at 2005 prices) and enables patterning of an ITO film in a process time of less than about a half hour.

Immer, Christopher

2008-01-01

287

Discovery of Cadmium, Indium, and Tin Isotopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As of today, no comprehensive study has been made covering the initial observations and identifications of isotopes. A project has been undertaken at MSU to document the discovery of all the known isotopes. The criteria defining discovery of a given isotope is the publication of clear mass and element assignment in a refereed journal. Prior to the current work the documentation of the discovery of eleven elements had been completed^1. These elements are cerium^2, arsenic, gold, tungsten, krypton, silver, vanadium, einsteinium, iron, barium, and cobalt. We will present the new documentation for the cadmium, indium, and tin isotopes. Thirty-seven cadmium isotopes, thirty-eight indium isotopes, and thirty-eight tin isotopes have been discovered so far. The description for each discovered isotope includes the year of discovery, the article published on the discovery, the article's author, the method of production, the method of identification, and any previous information concerning the isotope discovery. A summary and overview of all ˜500 isotopes documented so far as a function of discovery year, method and place will also be presented. ^1http://www.nscl.msu.edu/˜thoennes/2009/discovery.htm ^2J.Q. Ginepro, J. Snyder, and M. Thoennessen, At. Data Nucl. Data. Tables, in press (2009), doi:10.1016/j.adt.2009.06.002

Amos, Stephanie; Thoennessen, Michael

2009-10-01

288

New indium selenite-oxalate and indium oxalate with two- and three-dimensional structures  

SciTech Connect

Two new indium(III) compounds with extended structures, [In{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4})(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}].2H{sub 2}O (I) and [NH{sub 3}(CH{sub 2}){sub 2}NH{sub 3}][In(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}]{sub 2}.5H{sub 2}O (II), have been prepared under mild hydrothermal conditions and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and infrared spectroscopy. Compound I crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P-1, with a=5.2596(11) A, b=6.8649(14) A, c=9.3289(19) A, {alpha}=101.78(3){sup o}, {beta}=102.03(3){sup o}, {gamma}=104.52(3){sup o}, while compound II crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, space group Fdd2, with a=15.856(3) A, b=31.183(6) A, c=8.6688(17) A. In compound I, indium-selenite chains are bridged by oxalate units to form two-dimensional (2D) In{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4} layers, separated by non-coordinating water molecules. In compound II, the indium atoms are connected through the oxalate units to generate a 3D open framework containing cross-linked 12- and 8-membered channels. - Graphical abstract: Two new indium(III) compounds have been hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. In I, the indium-selenite chains are bridged by oxalate units to form 2D In{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4} layers. In II, the indium atoms are connected through the oxalate units to generate a 3D open framework containing cross-linked 12- and 8-membered ring channels.

Cao Junjun [State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Li Guodong [State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Chen Jiesheng [State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)], E-mail: chemcj@sjtu.edu.cn

2009-01-15

289

PG 1553+113: FIVE YEARS OF OBSERVATIONS WITH MAGIC  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of five years (2005-2009) of MAGIC observations of the BL Lac object PG 1553+113 at very high energies (VHEs; E > 100 GeV). Power-law fits of the individual years are compatible with a steady mean photon index {Gamma} = 4.27 {+-} 0.14. In the last three years of data, the flux level above 150 GeV shows a clear variability (probability of constant flux < 0.001%). The flux variations are modest, lying in the range from 4% to 11% of the Crab Nebula flux. Simultaneous optical data also show only modest variability that seems to be correlated with VHE gamma-ray variability. We also performed a temporal analysis of (all available) simultaneous Fermi/Large Area Telescope data of PG 1553+113 above 1 GeV, which reveals hints of variability in the 2008-2009 sample. Finally, we present a combination of the mean spectrum measured at VHEs with archival data available for other wavelengths. The mean spectral energy distribution can be modeled with a one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model, which gives the main physical parameters governing the VHE emission in the blazar jet.

Aleksic, J.; Blanch, O. [IFAE, Edifici Cn., Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Alvarez, E. A.; Asensio, M.; Barrio, J. A. [Groupo de Fisica Atlas Energias, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Antonelli, L. A.; Bonnoli, G. [INAF National Institute for Astrophysics, I-00136 Rome (Italy); Antoranz, P. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Siena and INFN Pisa, I-53100 Siena (Italy); Backes, M. [Fakultat fuer Physik, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund (Germany); Bastieri, D. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Padova and INFN, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Gonzalez, J. Becerra; Berger, K. [Inst. de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Bednarek, W. [Department of Astrophysics, University of Lodz, PL-90236 Lodz (Poland); Berdyugin, A. [Tuorla Observatory, University of Turku, FI-21500 Piikkioe (Finland); Bernardini, E. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Biland, A.; Boller, A.; Braun, I. [ETH Zurich, CH-8093, Wolfgang-Pauli-Str. 15, CH-8093 Zuerich-Hoenggberg (Switzerland); Bock, R. K.; Tridon, D. Borla, E-mail: fabrizio.tavecchio@brera.inaf.it, E-mail: elisa.prandini@pd.infn.it [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, D-80805 Muenchen (Germany); and others

2012-03-20

290

Visualization studies of a freon-113 bubble condensing in water  

SciTech Connect

Several visualization methods have been applied in studies of organic bubbles condensing in water. The results, although qualitative in nature, have furnished an insight into the physical phenomena governing the process. Shadow graphing of the collapsing bubbles has outlined the thermal surroundings of the bubble. Shadowgraphs of a freon-113 bubble recorded in sequence have illustrated the formation of a thermal layer around the injected bubble. The shadowgraphing has reflected the density gradients, i.e., the temperature field, but it has also led to an understanding of the flow phenomena around the bubble. It was almost obvious that the thermal boundary layer and the wake, related also to a viscous boundary layer and a viscous wake, respectively. The thermal shedding of the wake, and further the envelopment of the bubble by the thermal cloud, were understood to correspond to the flow of the water surrounding the bubble. However, all that still remained to be experimentally proved by methods directly related to flow visualization. That goal was achieved by photographing the entrainment of colored water in the wake of a rising freon-113 bubble. These photographs complemented the shadowgraphs previously recorded and qualitatively proved that the thermal phenomena corresponded to the viscous flow.

Kalman, H.; Ullmann, A.; Letan, R. (Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beer-Sheva (Israel))

1987-05-01

291

Quest Airlock Reflected in STS-113 Astronaut Herrington's Helmet  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this photograph, STS-113 astronaut and mission specialist John B. Herrington participates in the mission's first space walk. The opened hatch of the Quest Airlock can be seen reflected in Herrington's helmet visor. The airlock, located on the starboard side of the Unity Node I on the International Space Station (ISS), makes it easier to perform space walks, and allows both Russian and American space suits to be worn when the Shuttle is not docked with the ISS. American suits will not fit through Russian airlocks at the Station. STS-113, the 16th American assembly flight and 112th overall American flight to the ISS, launched on November 23, 2002 from Kennedy's launch pad 39A aboard the Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour. The main mission objective was the installation and activation of the Port 1 Integrated Truss Assembly (P1). The first major component installed on the left side of the Station, the P1 truss provides an additional three External Thermal Control System radiators. Weighing in at 27,506 pounds, the P1 truss is 45 feet (13.7 meters) long, 15 feet (4.6 meters) wide, and 13 feet (4 meters) high. Three space walks, aided by the use of the Robotic Manipulator Systems of both the Shuttle and the Station, were performed in the installation of P1.

2002-01-01

292

[Cloning and characterization of D-113 gene promoter from cotton].  

PubMed

To study the expression of late embryogenesis abundant gene in seeds, the 1,024 bp 5' flanking sequence of D-113 gene, a late embryogenesis abundant gene of Gossypium hirsutum cv. Coker 312, was cloned by PCR. The similarity compared with the sequence of Lea protein gene family published was 92.50%. There are three putative ABREs and one enhancer-like which riches A/T in the promoter. The promoter was fused to the beta-glucuronidase gene to form pLD II. Via a particle bombardment, pLD II was introduced into embryogenic calli of cotton and seeds of Brassica napus which were all treated with abscisic acid for 3d before bombardment, also into roots, stems and leafs of cotton. Transient expression was measured histochemically as spot number 24 h after bombardment. GUS sexpression was observed in the seeds of Brassica napus and the embryogenic calli of cotton, but not found in roots and leaves of cotton. Those results indicated that the expression of D-113 gene promoter was embryo specific. PMID:11902000

Luo, Ke-Ming; Guo, Yu-Long; Xiao, Yue-Hua; Hou, Lei; Pei, Yan

2002-02-01

293

Convection sensitivity and thermal analyses for indium and indium-lead mixing experiment (74-18)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sounding rocket Experiment 74-18 was designed to demonstrate the effects of the Black Brandt rocket acceleration levels (during the low-g coast phase of its flight) on the motion of a liquid metal system to assist in preflight design. Some post flight analyses were also conducted. Preflight studies consisted of heat transfer analysis and convection sensitivity and convection modeling analyses which aided in the: (1) final selection of fluid materials (indium-lead melts rather than paraffins); (2) design and timing of heater and quench system; and (3) preflight predictions of the degree of lead penetration into the pure indium segment of the fluid. Postflight studies involved: (1) updating the convection sensitivity calculations by utilizing actual flight gravity levels; and (2) modeling the mixing in the flight samples.

Bourgeois, S. V.; Doty, J. P.

1976-01-01

294

On the origin of photoluminescence in indium oxide octahedron structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A sixfold decrease in photoluminescence signal intensity at 590 nm with increase in deposition time from 3 to 12 h has been observed in single crystalline indium oxide octahedron structures grown by vapor-phase evaporation method. Electron paramagnetic resonance and energy dispersive x-ray analysis confirm that the concentration of oxygen vacancies increases with deposition time. These results are contrary to the previous reports where oxygen vacancies were shown to be responsible for photoluminescence in indium oxide structures. Our results indicate that indium interstitials and their associated complex defects other than oxygen vacancies are responsible for the photoluminescence in In2O3 microstructures.

Kumar, Mukesh; Singh, V. N.; Singh, F.; Lakshmi, K. V.; Mehta, B. R.; Singh, J. P.

2008-04-01

295

Reflectance of metallic indium for solar energy applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An investigation has been conducted in order to compile quantitative data on the reflective properties of metallic indium. The fabricated samples were of sufficiently high quality that differences from similar second-surface silvered mirrors were not apparent to the human eye. Three second-surface mirror samples were prepared by means of vacuum deposition techniques, yielding indium thicknesses of approximately 1000 A. Both hemispherical and specular measurements were made. It is concluded that metallic indium possesses a sufficiently high specular reflectance to be potentially useful in many solar energy applications.

Bouquet, F. L.; Hasegawa, T.

1984-01-01

296

Determination of indium in rocks by substoichiometric radioisotope dilution analysis  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Rocks containing 10-140 ng of indium per g are decomposed with hydrofluoric and nitric acids in the presence of 114In. Indium is separated from other constituents by sequential extractions of the bromide, cupferronate, and acetylacetonate, and is then reacted with a substoichiometric amont of EDTA. Excess of indium is removed by acetylacetone extraction and the specific activity of the complexed fraction is determined by counting 114In. Analyses of the U.S.G.S. standard rocks are reported. These show good agreement with previous neutron activation analyses. Repetitive rock analyses indicated an analytical precision of ??4-7%. ?? 1973.

Paul, Greenland, L.; Campbell, E. Y.

1973-01-01

297

Electrodeposition of Indium Bumps for Ultrafine Pitch Interconnection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electroplating is a promising method to produce ultrafine pitch indium bumps for assembly of pixel detectors in imaging applications. In this work, the process of indium bumping through electrodeposition was demonstrated and the influences of various current waveforms on the bump morphology, microstructure and height uniformity were investigated. Electron microscopy was used to study the microstructure of electroplated indium bumps and a Zygo white light interferometer was utilised to evaluate the height uniformity. The results indicated that the bump uniformities on wafer, pattern and feature scales were improved by using unipolar pulse and bipolar pulse reverse current waveforms.

Tian, Yingtao; Liu, Changqing; Hutt, David; Stevens, Bob

2014-02-01

298

Preparation of copper indium diselenide by selenization of copper indium oxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process is reported for preparation of thin films of copper indium diselenide (CIS). This process involves two steps: (a) formation of Cu2In2O5 by spray pyrolysis and (b) reaction of Cu2In2O5 with selenium vapor to form CIS. The purity of the CIS prepared by this method can approach that of the material prepared by vacuum deposition methods because highly purified

Shixing Weng; Michael Cocivera

1993-01-01

299

a Fundamental Study of N-Indium Tin P-Indium Phosphide Solar Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium phosphide (InP) is an important technical material in opto-electronics and has recently shown potential for space-borne solar cells because of its high radiation resistance. ITO\\/InP solar cells with world-record efficiencies of almost 19% (global 1000 W m^{-2 } measured under standard condition: T = 25 ^circC) and almost equal radiation resistance have been made, corresponding to an efficiency of

Xiaonan S. Li

1990-01-01

300

TED analysis of the Si(113) surface structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We carried out a TED (transmission electron diffraction) analysis of the Si(113) surface structure. The TED patterns taken at room temperature showed reflections due to the 3×2 reconstructed structure. The TED pattern indicated that a glide plane parallel to the <332> direction suggested in some models is excluded. We calculated the R-factors (reliability factors) for six surface structure models proposed previously. All structure models with energy-optimized atomic positions have large R-factors. After revision of the atomic positions, the R-factors of all the structure models decreased below 0.3, and the revised version of Dabrowski's 3×2 model has the smallest R-factor of 0.17.

Suzuki, T.; Minoda, H.; Tanishiro, Y.; Yagi, K.

1999-09-01

301

113Cd NMR study of cadmium ion interaction with polyelectrolytes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

113Cd NMR is examined as a tool for the study of ion-polyelectrolyte interactions. Binding of Cd 2+ to polystyrenesulfonate gives chemical shift changes of up to 35 ppm, thus demonstrating that the method is very sensitive. Information on the Cd 2+ exchange rate, on the fraction of bound ions, and on the competition of the ion with Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ (partly from 25Mg NMR) is obtained. The applicability of the method is compared with that of the quadrupole relaxation method. Both electrostatic theories and site-binding models have been used to describe the interaction between Cd 2+ and polyanion. Only the site-binding model agrees with the experimental results.

Linse, Per; Gustavsson, Hans; Lindman, Björn; Drakenberg, Torbjörn

302

Formation of indium oxide thin films fabricated by a dip-coating process using indium 2-ethylhexanoate monohydroxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal change of indium 2-ethylhexanoate monohydroxide, In(OH)(O2CCH(CH2CH3)(CH2)3CH3)2, to form indium oxide, In2O3, thin film was investigated by TG–DTA–MS in a He–20%O2 atmosphere with a minute amount of specimen (?0.1 mg) in order to clarify the formation process of the indium-tin-oxide transparent conducting films (thickness, ?240 nm). The total mass loss at 500 °C (67.9%) agreed approximately with the value

Emi Shigeno; Shigeyuki Seki; Kunihiko Shimizu; Yutaka Sawada; Makoto Ogawa; Azusa Shida; Mieko Ide; Akimasa Yajima; Asuya Yoshinaka

2003-01-01

303

Critical point transitions of wurtzite indium nitride  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The optical transmission, photoluminescence, and reflection spectra have been measured on a high-quality wurtzite indium nitride (InN) single crystal in the range of 0.5-20.0 eV. The fundamental bandgap of intrinsic InN has been extracted by taking into account the Burstein-Moss shift, bandgap renormalization and Urbach band tail effects, and found to be very close to the recent strongly re-established value of ˜1.2 eV. With the aid of Adachi's dielectric function model for the vacuum ultraviolet reflection spectra and the empirical pseudopotential method approach for the electron band-structure, we are able to identify up to nine electronic transitions, showing clear picture for the critical point transitions in InN. The temperature dependence of these interband transitions has also been revealed.

Shen, W. Z.; Pu, X. D.; Chen, J.; Ogawa, H.; Guo, Q. X.

2006-01-01

304

Electronic structures and properties of MAu and MOH, where M = Tl and element 113  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fully relativistic DFT calculations were performed for MAu and MOH, where M = Tl and element 113. Both 113Au and 113OH were found to be stable but weaker bound than their Tl homologs. The reason for the bond weakening is the relativistic stabilization of the main contributing 7p 1/2(113) AO in contrast to the 6s, 6p 1/2 and 6p 3/2 AOs of Tl. On the basis of the calculations for MAu, an estimate of the adsorption enthalpy of element 113 on gold is given as -158.6 kJ/mol. In the oxygen atmosphere, 113OH is expected to be preferentially formed and adsorbed on gold.

Pershina, V.; Anton, J.; Jacob, T.

2009-10-01

305

Liquid-phase epitaxy of lead-doped indium antimonide  

SciTech Connect

Indium antimonide was doped with lead under liquid-phase epitaxial (LPE) conditions, permitting the composition of the starting phase and the temperature of the process to be varied within wide limits. To obtain the maximum solubility of lead at any chosen LPE temperature it was used as a metallic solvent. It was found that the solubility of lead in indium antimonide at 450-350/sup 0/C does not exceed 0.07 wt. %. Introduction of Pb does not change the dislocation density substantially in the layers grown. From the results of electrophysical investigations it follows that lead dissolves in indium antimonide upon crystallization from lead solution-melts, predominantly substituting for the indium atoms.

Akchurin, R.Kh.; Kovalevskii, N.D.

1986-12-01

306

Doping of indium phosphide with group IV elements  

SciTech Connect

This paper studies the doping of single crystals of indium phosphide (InP) with group IV elements using data obtained by measuring the total charge concentration of additives and carriers. Single crystals of indium phosphide were grown by the Czochralski method from liquid melts with a liquid hermetic seal in quartz cubicles. The total impurity concentration was determined by atomic-absorption analysis with + or - 10% error. In order to explain the behavior of germanium and tin in indium phosphide, the authors consider the bond energies of additives in indium phosphide and their tetrahedral radii. The authors conclude that the established higher amphoteric character of germanium with respect to tin is probably explained by the moduli of elasticity of the doped crystal.

Zakharenkov, L.F.; Samorukov, B.E.; Zykov, A.M.

1985-06-01

307

Ion Implanted High Microwave Power Indium Phosphide Transistors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Indium phosphide (InP) metal-insulator-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MISFETs) have demonstrated substantially higher output power density at microwave frequencies compared to gallium arsenide metal-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MESFETs...

R. Nguyen

1989-01-01

308

Genome sequence of the alkane-degrading bacterium Alcanivorax hongdengensis type strain A-11-3.  

PubMed

Alcanivorax hongdengensis A-11-3(T) was isolated from an oil-enriched consortium enriched from the surface seawater of Hong-Deng dock in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Strain A-11-3(T) can degrade n-alkane and produce a lipopeptide biosurfactant. Here we report the genome of A-11-3(T) and the genes associated with alkane degradation. PMID:23209226

Lai, Qiliang; Shao, Zongze

2012-12-01

309

Genome Sequence of the Alkane-Degrading Bacterium Alcanivorax hongdengensis Type Strain A-11-3  

PubMed Central

Alcanivorax hongdengensis A-11-3T was isolated from an oil-enriched consortium enriched from the surface seawater of Hong-Deng dock in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Strain A-11-3T can degrade n-alkane and produce a lipopeptide biosurfactant. Here we report the genome of A-11-3T and the genes associated with alkane degradation.

Lai, Qiliang

2012-01-01

310

An efficient laboratory-scale preparative method for [1-(13)C]glycocholic acid.  

PubMed

A breath test using [1-(13)C]glycocholic acid as a substrate is a potential diagnostic method for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth syndrome. [1-(13)C]Glycocholic acid has been thus synthesized in an excellent yield from ethyl [1-(13)C]glycinate hydrochloride in a one-pot reaction. This method is suitable for the preparation of the labeled compound on a laboratory scale, which helps to perform extensive clinical studies of the breath test. PMID:24285191

Mitome, Hidemichi; Tokumasu, Naoko; Tando, Yusuke; Nakamura, Teruo; Akira, Kazuki

2013-09-01

311

Analysis of the production of ATLAS indium bonded pixel modules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ATLAS collaboration is currently building 1500 pixel modules using the indium bump bonding technique developed by SELEX Sistemi Integrati (former AMS). The indium deposition and flip-chip process are described together with an overview of the chip stripping machine that allows defective modules to be reworked. The production is half-way through at the time of this writing. This paper also discusses the problems encountered during production and the adopted solutions.

Alimonti, G.; Andreazza, A.; Bulgheroni, A.; Corda, G.; Di Gioia, S.; Fiorello, A.; Gemme, C.; Koziel, M.; Manca, F.; Meroni, C.; Nechaeva, P.; Paoloni, A.; Rossi, L.; Rovani, A.; Ruscino, E.

2006-09-01

312

Growth and characterization of indium antimonide and gallium antimonide crystals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium antimonide and gallium antimonide were synthesized from the respective component elements using an indigenously fabricated\\u000a synthesis unit. Bulk crystals of indium antimonide and gallium antimonide were grown using both the vertical and horizontal\\u000a Bridgman techniques. Effect of ampoule shapes and diameters on the crystallinity and homogeneity was studied. The grown crystals\\u000a were characterized using X-ray analysis, EDAX, chemical etching,

N. K. Udayashankar; H. L. Bhat

2001-01-01

313

Status of indium phosphide solar cell development at Spire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On-going development of indium phosphide solar cells for space applications is presented. The development is being carried out with a view towards both high conversion efficiency and simplicity of manufacture. The cell designs comprise the ion-implanted cell, the indium tin oxide top contact cell, and the epitaxial cell grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition. Modelling data on the limit to the efficiency are presented and comparison is made to measured performance data.

Spitzer, M. B.; Keavney, C. J.; Vernon, S. M.

1987-01-01

314

Deposition of indium antimonide films by metalorganic magnetron sputtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new technique, metalorganic magnetron sputtering (MOMS), has been developed for the deposition of compound semiconductors. In particular, results are reported on the deposition of the III-V semiconductor indium antimonide from a high-purity antimony target and trimethylindium (TMI) vapor using rf magnetron sputtering. The indium\\/antimony ratio of the films is found to depend linearly on the trimethylindium flow rate and

James B. Webb; C. Halpin

1985-01-01

315

HEMODYNAMIC EFFECT OF INDIUM CHLORIDE IN PREGNANT RATS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daily indium chloride doses of control (0) or 200 mg\\/kg were administered orally to pregnant Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by gavage, on d 6-15 of gestation. On d 16 of gestation hemodynamic tests were performed; Arterial blood pressure, cardiac output (CO), and volume organ blood flow were determined with radioactive microspheres using the reference sample method (McDevitt & Nies, 1976). Indium

Veronika Morvai; György Ungváry; Éva Szakmáry

2001-01-01

316

Preparation and characterization of rf sputtered indium tin oxide films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium tin oxide films have been grown by rf sputtering at various Ar-O2 mixtures, at low substrate temperatures (200 °C), and deposition rates (25 A?\\/min), followed by post deposition annealing (at 350 °C) in different ambients (O2, N2, and cracked ammonia). Influence of a reactive gas (oxygen) on the sputtering rate of a metallic (indium\\/tin) alloy target has been investigated.

K. Sreenivas; T. Sudersena Rao; Abhai Mansingh; Subhash Chandra

1985-01-01

317

Growth Mechanism of Indium Tin Oxide Whiskers Prepared by Sputtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whisker structures of indium tin oxide were prepared on a glass substrate by conventional sputtering using an indium-tin alloy target. Whisker structures grew well at higher temperatures than the crystallization temperature of In2O3 and the melting temperature of the In-Sn alloy, and also under the sputtering conditions of comparatively scarce oxygen and a high sputtering rate. These sputtering conditions correspond

Satoru Takaki; Yuki Aoshima; Ryohei Satoh

2007-01-01

318

Some properties of indium-tin oxide films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thin films of indium-tin oxide have been deposited by DC diode sputtering from an indium-tin alloy target in an argon, hydrogen\\u000a and oxygen atmosphere. Films with sheet resistance of 11 ohms\\/square and 80% light transmission have been obtained. The effect\\u000a of cathode composition and gas mixture on sheet resistance and optical transmission properties of the films have been studied.

M C Radhakrishna; M Ramakrishna Rao

1977-01-01

319

Photoelectrochemistry of indium hexacyanoferrate–titania composite films  

Microsoft Academic Search

The voltammetric and electrochromic behavior of two types of indium(III) hexacyanoferrate(II\\/III) (InHCF) films, potentiodynamically grown either on polycrystalline Au or on tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) support electrodes, are described. A new spectral feature was seen at ca. 475 nm for the InHCF films grown on Au under extended potential window (EPW) conditions, in addition to the dominant 420 nm feature

Reynaldo O. Lezna

2001-01-01

320

Properties of Lead-Indium Alloys. II. Specific Heat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specific-heat measurements have been made on a series of lead-indium alloys containing from 0 to 60 at.% indium. For each sample the data yield precise (within 1%) values for both the normal-state electronic specific-heat coefficient gamma and the Debye temperature ThetaD. In addition, though with less precision, both the bulk thermodynamic critical field Hc(0) and the first generalized Ginsburg-Landau parameter

Harvey V. Culbert; D. E. Farrell; B. S. Chandrasekhar

1971-01-01

321

Recovery of lead, tin and indium from alloy wire scrap  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lead, tin and indium were successfully recovered from alloy wire scrap containing these metals by acid\\/alkali leaching. The scrap material was leached with hot HCl–HNO3 solution. Upon cooling down to 10°C, 71.8% of lead initially present was separated as lead chloride. The major part of the remaining lead content (22.9%) was recovered by cementation with indium powder of 1.5 equivalents

M. A. Barakat

1998-01-01

322

Template synthesis of indium nanowires using anodic aluminum oxide membranes.  

PubMed

Indium nanowires with diameters approximately 300 nm have been synthesized by a hydraulic pressure technique using anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates. The indium melt is injected into the AAO template and solidified to form nanostructures. The nanowires are dense, continuous and uniformly run through the entire approximately 60 microm thickness of the AAO template. X-ray diffraction (XRD) reveals that the nanowires are polycrystalline with a preferred orientation. SEM is performed to characterize the morphology of the nanowires. PMID:19049045

Chen, Feng; Kitai, Adrian H

2008-09-01

323

Molecular cloning and characterization of P113, a mouse SNF2/SWI2-related transcription factor.  

PubMed

A full-length cDNA encoding a 113-kDa transcription factor, named P113, was cloned from mouse preadipocyte line 30A5. P113 binds to a 7-bp consensus TNF-response element and a 30-bp fragment from mouse PAI-1 promoter (-88/-59). Sequence analysis indicates that the P113 is highly homologous to HIP116/HLTF (human) and RUSH-1alpha (rabbit). The sequence homology and the fact that P113 contains seven motifs conserved in many DNA-dependent helicases/ATPases indicate that it is a new member of the SNF2/SWI2 protein family. A cysteine-rich motif, called RING finger, was found close to the C-terminus of P113. The expression pattern of P113 mRNA in rat tissues is significantly different from that of HLTF in human tissues. Affinity-purified P113 has an ATPase activity that is activated by DNA in a sequence-specific manner. Using Northern blot analysis and the PAI-1 promoter/luciferase system, we demonstrated that P113 is a transcription factor that activates the transcription of the PAI-1 gene in 30A5 cells. PMID:9427542

Zhang, Q; Ekhterae, D; Kim, K H

1997-11-20

324

Sintering of tin-doped indium oxide (Indium-Tin-Oxide, ITO) with Bi2O3 additive  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tin-doped indium oxide (Indium-Tin-Oxide, ITO) is known as a poorly sinterable material. Densification of ITO powders with relatively large particle size (1–2 µm) was enhanced remarkably by the additive (Bi2O3) whose melting point is lower than the sintering temperature. The maximum bulk density of 6.75 g\\/cm3 (relative density; 95%) was obtained when pressurelessly sintered in air at 1500°C for 5

M. MURAOKA; M. SUZUKI; J. MATSUSHITA

1998-01-01

325

Potentiodynamic studies on anodic dissolution and passivation of tin, indium and tin–indium alloys in some fruit acids solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The anodic dissolution and passivation of tin, indium and tin–indium alloys were studied in 0.5M solutions of both malic and citric acids, using potentiodynamic technique and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The E\\/I curves showed that the anodic behavior of all investigated electrodes exhibits active\\/passive transition. The active region of tin involves two anodic peaks

Abdel-Rahman El-Sayed; Hossnia S. Mohran; Hany M. Abd El-Lateef

2009-01-01

326

Thickness dependence of ZnO:In thin films doped with different indium compounds and deposited by chemical spray  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium-doped zinc oxide thin films were deposited on glass substrates by the chemical spray technique. Hydrated zinc 2,4-pentanedionate was used as zinc source. Four different indium compounds were separately used as dopants (indium nitrate, indium sulfate, indium acetate, and indium chloride). The effect of the thickness on the electrical, structural, morphological and optical characteristics of ZnO:In thin films was studied.

M. A. Lucio-López; A. Maldonado; R. Castanedo-Pérez; G. Torres-Delgado; M. de la L. Olvera

2006-01-01

327

Alumina as diffusion barrier to intermetallic formation in thermal interface materials made from indium and copper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indium and copper react at wide range of temperatures to form intermetallic compounds that have different physical, mechanical and thermal properties. Liquid Phase Sintered indium-copper composite long-term performance as thermal interface material is adversely affected by the evolution of the intermetallic. In this study, i) the effect of intermetallic formation and growth on the performance of Liquid Phase Sintered copper-indium composite, ii) the effect of alumina as diffusion barrier between indium and copper, (iii) thermal stability and wettability between indium and alumina, iv) the indium and quartz wettability, v) indium and tungsten oxide wettability have been studied. Deleterious effect of the intermetallic formation and growth on the thermal and mechanical properties has been observed. 5nm of alumina deposited by Atomic Layer Deposition on flat copper surface has been optimized to prevent diffusion process between indium and copper at 120°C. 15nm of alumina prevented the reaction at 230°C. Instability of indium thin film thermally deposited on sapphire substrate was observed. Also, decrease in the sintering density of indium-alumina composite with increasing temperature was observed. The dewetting contact angle between liquid indium and sapphire was ˜127°. The wetting experiments between indium and different oxides showed that indium wets tungsten oxide and quartz..

Saleh, Ibrahim Khalifa

328

19 CFR Appendix A to Part 113 - Airport Customs Security Area Bond  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Airport Customs Security Area Bond A Appendix A to...Pt. 113, App. A Appendix A to Part 113âAirport Customs Security Area Bond Airport Customs Security Area Bond (name of...

2013-04-01

329

27 CFR 478.113a - Importation of firearm barrels by nonlicensees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Importation of firearm barrels by nonlicensees. 478.113a Section...478.113a Importation of firearm barrels by nonlicensees. (a) A permit will not be issued for a firearm barrel for a handgun not generally...

2010-04-01

330

27 CFR 478.113a - Importation of firearm barrels by nonlicensees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Importation of firearm barrels by nonlicensees. 478.113a Section...478.113a Importation of firearm barrels by nonlicensees. (a) A permit will not be issued for a firearm barrel for a handgun not generally...

2009-04-01

331

Summary of M113A1 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Leakage Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes three sets of M113A1 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) leakage data which were acquired from Aerophysics Company, Donaldson Company, and Research Division, Chemical Systems Laboratory. The average leakage value for the M113A1 APC is 4...

J. M. Ferriter

1979-01-01

332

30 CFR 1206.113 - How will ONRR identify market centers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false How will ONRR identify market centers? 1206.113 Section 1206... § 1206.113 How will ONRR identify market centers? ONRR periodically will publish in the Federal Register a list of market centers. ONRR will monitor market...

2013-07-01

333

46 CFR 113.25-10 - Emergency red-flashing lights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Emergency red-flashing lights. 113.25-10 Section...Alarm Systems § 113.25-10 Emergency red-flashing lights. (a) In a space...over the background noise, there must be a red-flashing light or rotating beacon,...

2013-10-01

334

Four-wave mixing in indium antimonide  

SciTech Connect

The authors report a range of experiments in both the degenerate and nondegenerate regimes of four-wave mixing in indium antimonide using CW CO laser sources. For the degenerate case, they specify all the polarization source terms and the signals which they radiate. They identify the dominant term for the phase-conjugate signal experimentally, and confirm that this involves a large-period grating formed by the forward pump and probe. The third-order susceptibility was measured as chi/sup (3)/ approx. = 1.1 esu. This was shown to be highly resonant with the InSb bandgap. By varying the pump-probe input angle, the period of the grating was changed, and thus a carrier diffusion length of l/sub D/ = 60 ..mu..m was determined. By probing the grating with a second laser, the dispersion of the grating was measured over a wide range of frequencies, and was found to be much less resonant with the band edge than chi/sup (3)/. Saturation of chi/sup (3)/ was observed and possible sources are identified and discussed. The results of near-resonant nondegenerate mixing experiments are presented and the measured value of chi/sup (3)/ = 5 x 10/sup -7/ esu under these conditions is discussed in relation to the much larger degenerate, resonant chi/sup (3)/.

MacKenzie, H.A.; Hagan, D.J.; Al-Attar, H.A.

1986-08-01

335

Method for forming indium oxide/n-silicon heterojunction solar cells  

DOEpatents

A high photo-conversion efficiency indium oxide/n-silicon heterojunction solar cell is spray deposited from a solution containing indium trichloride. The solar cell exhibits an Air Mass One solar conversion efficiency in excess of about 10%.

Feng, Tom (Morris Plains, NJ); Ghosh, Amal K. (New Providence, NJ)

1984-03-13

336

Superconducting phase transitions in indium/indium-oxide thin-film composites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low-frequency techniques are used to examine the predictions of the equilibrium Kosterlitz-Thouless theory of the vortex-pair unbinding transition in indium/indium-oxide composite superconducting thin films. The renormalized superfluid density obtained from independent measurements of the kinetic inductance and the exponent of the current-dependent resistance are in agreement. At the transition temperature Tc, the critical value of the superfluid density agrees with theory for a finite measurement length. Experimental sensitivity is such that the resistance near Tc, measured to be about 9 orders of magnitude below the normal resistance, is explained by the motion of a single thermally excited free vortex in a superfluid background renormalized by bound-vortex pairs. The corresponding critical magnetic field for flux entry is also measured. The resistance of the thermally excited free-vortex plasma and the correlation length above the transition temperature obey the qualitative prediction of the theory. Nonuniversal constants in the renormalization-group theory are obtained from the experiment and are found to be sample dependent.

Fiory, A. T.; Hebard, A. F.; Glaberson, W. I.

1983-11-01

337

Oxygen solubility in liquid indium and oxygen diffusivity in liquid indium and tin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The solubility of oxygen in liquid indium, Co, at 973 and 1073 K in equilibrium with its oxide was determined by an isopiestic equilibration technique in order to resolve discrepancies reported in the literature. The present results, Co = 0.0092 at. pet at 973 K and 0.0377 at. pet at 1073 K, agree with those obtained by Otsuka, Sano, and Kozuka using a modified coulometric titration method. Oxygen diffusivity in liquid indium from 873 to 1073 K and in liquid tin from 973 to 1273 K was measured utilizing a combined potentiostatic and emf method using the following double electrochemical cells: Fe,FeO/ZrO2(+CaO)/O in Me(I)/ZrO2(+CaO)/O in Me(II). The present results are DO(In) = 6.6 ({-1.6/+2.0}) x 10-3 exp[(-3-600 ± 5600)/RT]873 K ? T ? 1073 K and DO(Sn), = 8.7({-5.7/+13.5}) x 10-4 exp[(-18800 ± 6700)/RT]973 K ? T ? 1273 K. The present results are of the same order of magnitude with the self-diffusivity of the liquid metals, and are about two orders of magnitude greater than the oxygen diffusivity reported by Stevenson and co-workers. The ratio of oxygen diffusivity to self-diffusivity of the solvent was found to be correlated to the enthalpy of formation per mole of oxygen of the respective oxide at 298 K.

Otsuka, Shinya; Kozuka, Zensaku; Chang, Y. Austin

1984-06-01

338

Oxygen solubility in liquid indium and oxygen diffusivity in liquid indium and tin  

SciTech Connect

The solubility of oxygen in liquid indium, C /sub o/ , at 973 and 1073 K in equilibrium with its oxide was determined by an isopiestic equilibration technique in order to resolve discrepanies reported in the literature. The present results, C /sub o/ = 0.0092 at. pct at 973 K and 0.0377 at. pct at 1073 K, agree with those obtained by Otsuka, Sano, and Kozuka using a modified coulometric titration method. Oxygen diffusivity in liquid indium from 873 to 1073 K and in liquid tin from 973 to 1273 K was measured utilizing a combined potentiostatic and emf method using double electrochemical cells. The present results are of the same order of magnitude with the self-diffusivity of the liquid metals, and are about two orders of magnitude greater than the oxygen diffusivity reported by Stevenson and co-workers. The ratio of oxygen diffusivity to self-diffusivity of the solvent was found to be correlated to the enthalpy of formation per mole o oxygen of the respective oxide at 298 K.

Otsuka, S.; Chang, Y.A.; Kozuka, Z.

1984-06-01

339

Highly Conducting Transparent Indium-Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Films  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Highly conducting transparent indium-doped zinc oxide (IZO) thin films have been achieved by controlling different growth parameters using radio frequency magnetron sputtering. The structural, electrical, and optical properties of the IZO thin films have been investigated for varied indium content and growth temperature (T G) in order to find out the optimum level of doping to achieve the highest conducting transparent IZO thin films. The highest mobility and carrier concentration of 11.5 cm2/V-s and 3.26 × 1020 cm-3, respectively, have been achieved in IZO doped with 2% indium. It has been shown that as T G of the 2% IZO thin films increase, more and more indium atoms are substituted into Zn sites leading to shift in (002) peaks towards higher angles which correspond to releasing the stress within the IZO thin film. The minimum resistivity of 5.3 × 10-4 ?-cm has been achieved in 2% indium-doped IZO grown at 700°C.

Singh, Budhi; Ghosh, Subhasis

2014-06-01

340

Materials flow of indium in the United States in 2008 and 2009  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Indium is a material that has many applications. It is used by anyone who watches television or views a computer screen. It is found in solar energy arrays and in soldering applications that are required to be lead free. In 2009, about 550 metric tons (t) of indium metal was produced from primary sources world-wide; it was estimated that the United States consumed about 110 t of indium metal (20 percent of world primary production). However, when imports of consumer products that contain indium are considered, the United States consumed about 200 t of indium (36 percent of world primary production). When one considers the recovery from the low-efficiency sputtering process that coats indium-tin oxide onto glass and other surfaces, the recycling rate (within the manufacturing process that uses indium-tin oxide in flat panel displays approaches 36 percent. However, indium recovery from old scrap generated from end-of-life consumer products is not sufficiently economic to add significantly to secondary production. Between 1988 and 2010, indium prices averaged $381 per kilogram (in constant 2000 dollars). However, prices have been quite volatile (deviating from the average of $381 per kilogram by ±$199 per kilogram, a 52 percent difference from the average), reflecting short-term disequilibrium of supply and demand but also responsiveness of supply to demand. The dynamics of zinc smelting govern the primary supply of indium because indium is a byproduct of zinc smelting. Secondary indium supply, which accounts for about one-half of total indium supply, is governed by indium prices and technological advances in recovery. Indium demand is expected to grow because the number and volume of cutting edge technology applications that depend on indium are expected to grow.

Goonan, Thomas G.

2012-01-01

341

Use of indium solder to patch leaks in silver-solder joints on cryostats  

SciTech Connect

Indium metal as a solder can provide a convenient and effective, last resort, patching material for leaks which occur spontaneously in metallic low-temperature apparatus. Indium bonds well to many metals and, more importantly, remains ductile to 4 K. An indium patch therefore retains its integrity even where a leak has occurred due to the differential thermal expansions of construction materials.

Holtz, R.L.; Swenson, C.A.

1985-02-01

342

Metamorphic materials for indium arsenide transistors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To improve on both the high frequency and low-power aspects of the III-V semiconductor microwave transistor (by definition, the microwave transistor operates at frequencies above 1 GHz), InAs or a related high indium content alloy is incorporated in the base layer of the heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) and the channel layer of the high electron mobility transistor (HEMT). These devices must be fabricated on a semi-insulating (SI) substrate for effective microwave performance which becomes a challenge for the high indium content structures due to the large lattice mismatch with the SI substrates that are commercially available (InP and GaAs). A virtual substrate is engineered which has the desired semi-insulating bulk properties and large lattice parameter template for the epitaxial growth of InAs-based microwave devices. The HBT device, a minority carrier structure, requires a low defect density in the device. This is accomplished with a 0.9 mum compositionally graded InxAl1-xAs (0.52

Noori, Atif M.

343

Indium-111 labeled tissue plasminogen activator  

SciTech Connect

Although radiolabeled fibrinogen has been used successfully for detection of thromboemboli by imaging, plasminogen activators offer the advantage of clot detection after active fibrin deposition has ceased. The authors have labeled recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rTPA) with indium-111 (In) and studied its properties in vivo. Using the cyclic anhydride and standard methodology, an average of about 1 DTPA group per molecule was attached and the protein was labeled with In to a specific activity of 2-3 mCi/mg. Size exclusion HPLC showed each preparation to be of high radiochemical purity and that the In was bound only to the DTPA groups. In vivo clot localization was investigated using a canine clot model in which thrombogenic catheters are placed in a femoral artery and/or in the jugular vein prior to the administration of labeled rTPA. After administration of 0.5-1.0 mg of In-rTPA, blood and serum activity levels were found to decrease with a half time of 8 +- 1 min. in good agreement with the literature value of 7 min. for unlabeled rTPA. Clot:blood and clot:serum ratios were found to increase rapidly, in one study reaching 6.3 after 31 min. Because of the short residence time of rTPA in blood, activity in cardiac and pulmonary blood pools decreased rapidly such that clots were visualized within minutes of injection. The authors conclude that rTPA may be labeled with In without destroying the molecule's ability to localize in clot and that, with this agent, useful images of forming clot may be obtained within one hour of administration. This protein may therefore be ideal for imaging pulmonary and cardiac thromboemboli by gamma scintigraphy.

Hnatowich, D.J.; Virzi, F.; Doherty, P.W.; Ansell, J.

1985-05-01

344

Indium, tin, and gallium doped cadmium selenide quantum dots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Doping quantum dots to increase conductivity is a crucial step towards being able to fabricate a new generation of electronic devices built on the "bottom-up" platform that are smaller and more efficient than currently available. Indium, tin, and gallium have been used to dope CdSe in both the bulk and thin film regimes and introduce n-type electron donation to the conduction band. CdSe quantum dots have been successfully doped with indium, tin, and gallium using the Li4[Cd10Se4 (SPh16)] single source precursor combined with metal chloride compounds. Doping CdSe quantum dots is shown to effect particle growth dynamics in the "heterogeneous growth regime." Doping with indium, tin, and gallium introduce donor levels 280, 100, and 50 meV below the conduction band minimum, respectively. Thin films of indium and tin doped quantum dots show improved conductivity over films of undoped quantum dots. Transient Absorption spectroscopy indicates that indium doping introduces a new electron energy level in the conduction band that results in a 70 meV blue shift in the 1Se absorption bleach position. Novel characterization methods such as in-situ fluorescence growth monitoring, single quantum dot EDS acquisition, static and time-resolved temperature dependant fluorescence spectroscopy were developed in the course of this work as well. These results show that doping CdSe quantum dots with indium, tin, and gallium has not only been successful but has introduced new electronic properties to the quantum dots that make them superior to traditional CdSe quantum dots.

Tuinenga, Christopher J.

345

36 CFR 223.113 - Modification of contracts to prevent environmental damage or to conform to forest plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Modification of contracts to prevent environmental damage or to conform to forest plans. 223.113 Section 223.113 Parks...Modification of contracts to prevent environmental damage or to conform to forest plans. Timber sale contract,...

2010-07-01

346

36 CFR 223.113 - Modification of contracts to prevent environmental damage or to conform to forest plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Modification of contracts to prevent environmental damage or to conform to forest plans. 223.113 Section 223.113 Parks...Modification of contracts to prevent environmental damage or to conform to forest plans. Timber sale contract,...

2009-07-01

347

Result Summary for the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site Performance Assessment Model Version 4.113  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary results for Version 4.113 of the Nevada National Security Site Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site performance assessment model are summarized. Version 4.113 includes the Fiscal Year 2011 inventory estimate.

Shott, G. J.

2012-04-15

348

29 CFR 784.113 - Work related to named operations performed in off- or dead-season.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...related to named operations performed in off- or dead-season. 784.113 Section 784.113 ...related to named operations performed in off- or dead-season. Generally, during the dead or inactive season when operations...

2013-07-01

349

36 CFR 223.113 - Modification of contracts to prevent environmental damage or to conform to forest plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01...contracts to prevent environmental damage or to conform to forest plans. 223.113 Section 223.113 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE,...

2013-07-01

350

Laser action in an indium hollow cathode discharge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hollow cathode discharge excitation of indium is shown to produce laser action at 468.1, 689.2, 1342.8, and 1720 nm. The CW 468.1 nm and 1720 nm ionic lines are excited by charge exchange effect whereas the 689.2 nm CW ionic line is excited by a radiative cascade. The 1342.8 nm atomic line appears in the afterglow of the pulsed discharge and its population inversion is produced by recombination of the indium ions and the electrons.

Lin, F.-C.

1981-04-01

351

Indium-doped GaAs: Investigation of deep traps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of indium incorporation on the concentration of deep traps in a series of GaAs epitaxial layers has been investigated by performing quantitative photoluminescence (PL) and capacitance [deep-level transient spectroscopy (DLTS)] spectroscopic studies. All samples were epitaxial layers of n-type GaAs:In, grown by organometallic vapor-phase epitaxy (OMVPE) on liquid-encapsulated Czochralski (LEC) -grown GaAs:Cr substrates. The calibrated indium concentration ranged between 0 and 6.5×1019 atoms cm-3, which is about 0.3% in alloy composition. We have investigated (i) the bands associated with chromium in both the epitaxial layers and the original substrates; (ii) a large recombination band, associated with an unidentified (D-VGa) complex, at about 1.2 eV; and (iii) the DLTS signal associated with the well-known deep trap EL2. We find the following. First, there is a one-to-one correspondence between the PL intensity associated with Cr2+, at 0.84 eV, and the D-VGa signal at 1.2 eV. This is true for both the epitaxial layers and the original substrates and suggests identification of the unknown donor participating in the D-VGa complex as Cr4+. Second, we find all PL intensities to decrease with increasing indium concentration, while the concentration and depth profile of EL2 are not affected. In contrast to the near-band-edge PL intensity, which increased with increasing indium content, there is a drop by about 1 order of magnitude for all chromium-related features when going from indium-free to about 0.3% indium-rich sample. Moreover, there is a one-to-one correspondence between the increase in the near-band-edge PL intensity and the decrease in the chromium-related signals. This establishes, on a fully experimental basis, the relative roles played by indium and chromium in our epitaxial samples: both compete to incorporate on gallium sites in the strain field of neighboring vacancies but, because of a higher incorporation rate, increasing the indium concentration in the gas phase, one lowers the amount of residual chromium present at those specific sites. This results in closing low-energy recombination paths and increases the near-band-edge PL efficiency.

Laurenti, J. P.; Wolter, K.; Roentgen, P.; Seibert, K.; Kurz, H.; Camassel, J.

1989-03-01

352

Discovery of the calcium, indium, tin, and platinum isotopes  

SciTech Connect

Currently, twenty-four calcium, thirty-eight indium, thirty-eight tin, and thirty-nine platinum isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented. - Highlights: Documentation of the discovery of all calcium, indium, tin and platinum isotopes. {yields} Summary of author, journal, year, place and country of discovery for each isotope. {yields} Brief description of discovery history of each isotope.

Amos, S.; Gross, J.L.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

2011-07-15

353

Indium dopant/defect complexes in lightly-doped ceria  

SciTech Connect

Four well-defined indium-dopant/lattice-defect complexes and the non-complexed substitutional indium dopant have been observed by perturbed angular correlation (PAC) spectroscopy in cerium oxide. PAC is a nuclear hyperfine experimental method that detects interactions between a radioactive probe nucleus and nearby atoms. The magnitude and symmetry of those interactions provide a signature for the electromagnetic fields at the probe nucleus. These fields are produced by the arrangement of charges and magnetic moments in the near environment of the probe, so they provide a means of identifying defect structures.

Wang, Ruiping; Gardner, J.A. [Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). Dept. of Physics; Evenson, W.E. [Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (United States). Dept. of Physics; Sommers, J.A. [Teledyne-Wah Chang, Albany, OR (United States)

1991-12-31

354

Phenomenological Considerations of Phase Transformations in Indium-Rich Alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium-rich alloys containing solute atoms such as Cd, Hg, Tl, Sn and Pb undergo four kinds of phase transformation: (1) fcc-->fct (c\\/a>1), (2) fcc-->fct (c\\/a<1), (3) fct (c\\/afco-->fct (c\\/a>1) and (4) fct (c\\/afct (c\\/a>1). We have investigated these phase transformations using a phenomenological theory based on the Landau-theory of phase transformation. The appearance of all the phase in indium-rich alloys

Osamu Nittono; Yasumasa Koyama

1982-01-01

355

Cavity formation at indium impurities in bcc metals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The defect formation in the bcc metals W and Mo above annealing stage III and the influence of rare gases on this process were investigated by means of the perturbed angular correlation technique using111In as radioactive probe. In both metals a relatively high electric field gradient (EFG) could be observed at the indium site, characterized by the quadrupole interaction frequencies ?Q=263 MHz, ?=0 and ?Q=220 MHz, ??0.15 for W and Mo, respectively. The observations are assigned to the growth of threedimensional vacancy clusters at the probe atoms with the indium atoms situated in the inner surface of this cavities, thus experiencing the corresponding surface EFG.

Schumacher, R.; Vianden, R.

1990-08-01

356

Enhanced arrhythmogenicity of Freon 113 by hypoxia in the perfused rat heart  

SciTech Connect

The interaction of Freon 113 (1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane) and hypoxia on the heart conduction system was studied using electrocardiogram monitoring of isolated perfused rat hearts. Freon 113 (0.2 mM) alone elicited significant atrioventricular conduction delay (p less than 0.05) and heart rate decrease (p less than 0.01), which were significantly enhanced by hypoxia (75% oxygen decrease), for instance, resulting in 2:1 AV block. The data suggest that arrhythmogenicity of Freon 113 on the heart conduction system may be enhanced synergistically by hypoxia.

Kawakami, T.; Takano, T.; Araki, R. (Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. Faculty of Medicine (Japan))

1990-05-01

357

In Vitro Antibacterial Activities of DQ113, a Potent Quinolone, against Clinical Isolates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The antibacterial activity of DQ-113, formerly D61-1113, was compared with those of antibacterial agents currently available. MICs at which 90% of the isolates tested are inhibited (MIC90s) of DQ-113 against clinical isolates of methicillin-susceptible and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-susceptible and -resis- tant coagulase-negative staphylococci were 0.03, 0.008, 0.03, and 0.06 g\\/ml, respectively. Moreover, DQ-113 showed the most potent activity

Mayumi Tanaka; Emi Yamazaki; Megumi Chiba; Kiyomi Yoshihara; Takaaki Akasaka; Makoto Takemura; Kenichi Sato

2002-01-01

358

Properties of low indium content Al incorporated IZO (indium zinc oxide) deposited at room temperature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A very low indium content (35 cation % In) a-IZO film, denoted as IZO35/65 or a-ZIO, was fabricated at room temperature. The effect of aluminum (Al) incorporation in IZO35/65 was studied systematically, and reasonably high electrical conductivity and optical transmittance were obtained. After Al doping to an optimum extent, the conductivity was interestingly increased 3 times higher than that of a-ZIO, and this effect could not be attributed to the formation of Al clusters as a further increase in Al led to a significant drop in conductivity. Nonlinear and U-shape resistivity-temperature relationship was observed for some Al doped samples. In addition, an obvious conductivity increase accompanying by the Al2O3 nano-crystallites formation was observed, which provided new evidence to the insulator-metal transition model reported by Nagarajan et al. [Nature Mater. 7, 391 (2008)] recently.

Sun, Jian; Yang, Weifeng; Huang, Yanhua; Soon Lai, Weng; Lee, Alex Y. S.; Fu Wang, Chiou; Gong, Hao

2012-10-01

359

Indium Tin Oxide@Carbon Core-Shell Nanowire and Jagged Indium Tin Oxide Nanowire  

PubMed Central

This paper reports two new indium tin oxide (ITO)-based nanostructures, namely ITO@carbon core–shell nanowire and jagged ITO nanowire. The ITO@carbon core–shell nanowires (~50 nm in diameter, 1–5 ?m in length,) were prepared by a chemical vapor deposition process from commercial ITO nanoparticles. A carbon overlayer (~5–10 in thickness) was observed around ITO nanowire core, which was in situ formed by the catalytic decomposition of acetylene gas. This carbon overlayer could be easily removed after calcination in air at an elevated temperature of 700°C, thus forming jagged ITO nanowires (~40–45 nm in diameter). The growth mechanisms of ITO@carbon core–shell nanowire and jagged ITO nanowire were also suggested.

2010-01-01

360

Indium-silver alloy nanocrystals glass with fluorescence: A model in borosilicate glasses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrated a model to realize the growth of indium-silver alloy nanocrystals in borosilicate glass by sol-gel method plus a controlled atmosphere. The presence of spherical indium-silver alloy nanoparticles with 5 nm average grain size and good dispersed form in borosilicate glass was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy imaging. Reduction of indium-silver ions to indium-silver alloy neutral nanocrystals was revealed through X-ray powder diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS). Remarkably, indium-silver alloy nanocrystals borosilicate glass exhibited fluorescence at around 423 nm which nominated it as the candidate glass for laser sources, nonlinear media and photonic applications.

Yin, Dewu; Pei, Lang; Liu, Zhen; Yang, Xinyu; Zhang, Xiyan; Xiang, Weidong

2014-02-01

361

Formation of metallic indium-tin phase from indium-tin-oxide nanoparticles under reducing conditions and its influence on the electrical properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The correlation between defect structure, metal segregation, and electrical resistivity of indium-tin-oxide nanopowder upon treatment in reducing atmosphere was investigated. Morphology and defect structure have been investigated by in situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, while traces of metallic indium have been detected by susceptibility measurements utilizing the superconducting properties of indium. With increasing treatment temperature under reforming

G. Guenther; G. Schierning; R. Theissmann; R. Kruk; R. Schmechel; C. Baehtz; A. Prodi-Schwab

2008-01-01

362

32 CFR Appendix D to Part 113 - Sample DD Form 2654, âInvoluntary Allotment Notice and Processingâ  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Form 2654, âInvoluntary Allotment Notice and Processingâ D Appendix D to Part 113 National Defense Department of Defense...INDEBTEDNESS PROCEDURES OF MILITARY PERSONNEL Pt. 113, App. D Appendix D to Part 113âSample DD Form 2654,...

2013-07-01

363

34 CFR 692.113 - What are the matching requirements for the GAP Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...113 What are the matching requirements for the GAP Program? (a) The matching funds of a partnershipâ (1) Shall...of room and board, or transportation; (C) Helps a student meet the cost of attendance at an institution of...

2013-07-01

364

50 CFR 86.113 - What if I have recently completed a boat access survey?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM BOATING INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT (BIG) PROGRAM How States Will Complete Access Needs Surveys § 86.113 What if I have recently completed a boat access...

2013-10-01

365

9 CFR 113.112 - Clostridium Perfringens Type D Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Clostridium Perfringens Type D Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid...Products § 113.112 Clostridium Perfringens Type D Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid. Clostridium Perfringens Type D Toxoid and Clostridium...

2009-01-01

366

9 CFR 113.111 - Clostridium Perfringens Type C Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Clostridium Perfringens Type C Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid...Products § 113.111 Clostridium Perfringens Type C Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid. Clostridium Perfringens Type C Toxoid and Clostridium...

2009-01-01

367

9 CFR 113.112 - Clostridium Perfringens Type D Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Clostridium Perfringens Type D Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid...Products § 113.112 Clostridium Perfringens Type D Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid. Clostridium Perfringens Type D Toxoid and Clostridium...

2010-01-01

368

9 CFR 113.111 - Clostridium Perfringens Type C Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Clostridium Perfringens Type C Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid...Products § 113.111 Clostridium Perfringens Type C Toxoid and Bacterin-Toxoid. Clostridium Perfringens Type C Toxoid and Clostridium...

2010-01-01

369

DETAIL OF DOORWAYS INTO ROOMS I18 (LEFT) AND 113 (RIGHT). ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL OF DOORWAYS INTO ROOMS I18 (LEFT) AND 113 (RIGHT). view TO NORTHWEST. - Plattsburgh Air Force Base, Target Intelligence Training Building-Combat Center, Off Connecticut Road, east of Idaho Avenue, Plattsburgh, Clinton County, NY

370

33 CFR 165.113 - Security Zone: Dignitary arrival/departure Logan International Airport, Boston, MA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...arrival/departure Logan International Airport, Boston, MA. 165.113 Section...arrival/departure Logan International Airport, Boston, MA. (a) Location...or departing from, Logan International Airport and as determined by the transit...

2013-07-01

371

46 CFR 113.25-25 - General emergency alarm systems for manned ocean and coastwise barges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false General emergency alarm systems for manned ocean and coastwise barges. 113.25-25 Section...25-25 General emergency alarm systems for manned ocean and coastwise barges. A manned ocean or coastwise barge of more than 100...

2013-10-01

372

27 CFR 478.113a - Importation of firearm barrels by nonlicensees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3...Section 478.113a Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES...Management and Budget under control number 1140-0005;...

2011-04-01

373

19 CFR Appendix A to Part 113 - Airport Customs Security Area Bond  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 false Airport Customs Security Area Bond A Appendix... Appendix A to Part 113âAirport Customs Security Area Bond Airport Customs...desires access to Customs airports security areas located...

2009-04-01

374

19 CFR Appendix A to Part 113 - Airport Customs Security Area Bond  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Airport Customs Security Area Bond A Appendix... Appendix A to Part 113âAirport Customs Security Area Bond Airport Customs...desires access to Customs airports security areas located...

2010-04-01

375

Reconstruction of the Si(113) surface studied by transmission electron diffraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The atomic structure of the high temperature 3×1 phase on the Si(113) surface was studied by transmission electron diffraction. The Si(113) was made by heating a thin Si(001) film at 1550 K for a few hours followed by quenching. The Si(113) surface appeared on one side of the thin film. This (113) surface was observed with the incident electron beam parallel to the [001] direction. From the Patterson map and R-factor calculation, the experimental results could not explain the Ranke and Dabrowski models. A new model is proposed which has a vacancy under the dimer belonging to the pentagon. Patterson maps of the experimental and this model agree well, and the R-factor is smaller than in the other two models.

Ikeda, H.; Oshima, Y.; Hirayama, H.; Takayanagi, K.

1999-08-01

376

19 CFR 113.51 - Cancellation of bond or charge against the bond.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BONDS Assessment of Damages and Cancellation of Bond § 113.51 Cancellation of bond or charge against the bond. The...

2013-04-01

377

19 CFR 113.53 - Waiver of Customs requirement supported by a bond.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BONDS Assessment of Damages and Cancellation of Bond § 113...from the payment of liquidated damages; (2) Conditioned upon prior...obligation by payment of liquidated damages; or (3) Conditioned...

2013-04-01

378

Climate Change Legislation in the 113th Congress, March 12, 2014.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the 113th Congress, Members have introduced multiple bills that include provisions that would directly or indirectly address climate change-related issues. In some cases, it is difficult to distinguish between direct and indirect climate change bills, ...

J. L. Ramseur

2014-01-01

379

19 CFR 122.113 - Form for transit air cargo manifest procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Form for transit air cargo manifest procedures. 122.113 Section...OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Transit Air Cargo Manifest (TACM) Procedures §...

2014-04-01

380

19 CFR 148.113 - Declaration, entry, and collection of duty.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Unaccompanied Shipments From American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands of the United States § 148.113...

2013-04-01

381

19 CFR 148.113 - Declaration, entry, and collection of duty.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TREASURY (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Unaccompanied Shipments From American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands of the United States § 148.113 Declaration, entry, and...

2010-04-01

382

33 CFR 160.113 - Prohibition of vessel operation and cargo transfers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Prohibition of vessel operation and cargo transfers. 160...WATERWAYS SAFETY-GENERAL Control of Vessel and Facility Operations § 160.113 Prohibition of vessel operation and cargo transfers....

2013-07-01

383

19 CFR 141.113 - Recall of merchandise released from Customs and Border Protection custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Recall of merchandise released from Customs and Border Protection...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE Release of Merchandise § 141.113 Recall of merchandise...

2009-04-01

384

19 CFR 141.113 - Recall of merchandise released from Customs and Border Protection custody.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Recall of merchandise released from Customs and Border Protection...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE Release of Merchandise § 141.113 Recall of merchandise...

2010-04-01

385

Conformational polymorphism of the amyloidogenic peptide homologous to residues 113-127 of the prion protein.  

PubMed

Conformational transitions are thought to be the prime mechanism of amyloid formation in prion diseases. The prion proteins are known to exhibit polymorphic behavior that explains their ability of "conformation switching" facilitated by structured "seeds" consisting of transformed proteins. Oligopeptides containing prion sequences showing the polymorphism are not known even though amyloid formation is observed in these fragments. In this work, we have observed polymorphism in a 15-residue peptide PrP (113-127) that is known to form amyloid fibrils on aging. To see the polymorphic behavior of this peptide in different solvent environments, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopic studies on an aqueous solution of PrP (113-127) in different trifluoroethanol (TFE) concentrations were carried out. The results show that PrP (113-127) have sheet preference in lower TFE concentration whereas it has more helical conformation in higher TFE content (>40%). The structural transitions involved in TFE solvent were studied using interval-scan CD and FT-IR studies. It is interesting to note that the alpha-helical structure persists throughout the structural transition process involved in amyloid fibril formation implicating the involvement of both N- and C-terminal sequences. To unravel the role of the N-terminal region in the polymorphism of the PrP (113-127), CD studies on another synthetic peptide, PrP (113-120) were carried out. PrP(113-120) exhibits random coil conformation in 100% water and helical conformation in 100% TFE, indicating the importance of full-length sequence for beta-sheet formation. Besides, the influence of different chemico-physical conditions such as concentration, pH, ionic strength, and membrane like environment on the secondary structure of the peptide PrP (113-127) has been investigated. At higher concentration, PrP (113-127) shows features of sheet conformation even in 100% TFE suggesting aggregation. In the presence of 5% solution of sodium dodecyl sulfate, PrP (113-127) takes high alpha-helical propensity. The environment-dependent conformational polymorphism of PrP (113-127) and its marked tendency to form stable beta-sheet structure at acidic pH could account for its conformation switching behavior from alpha-helix to beta-sheet. This work emphasizes the coordinative involvement of N-terminal and C-terminal sequences in the self-assembly of PrP (113-127). PMID:12829502

Satheeshkumar, K S; Jayakumar, R

2003-07-01

386

Aerosol generation and decomposition of CFC113 by the ferroelectric plasma reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plasma chemical decomposition, aerosol generation and product distribution of trichlorotrifluoroethylene (CFC-113 [CCl2F-CClF2]) were investigated using a ferroelectric plasma reactor. CFC-113 decomposition was the highest with dry hydrogen, but was not significantly affected by background gases (N 2 and air) and humidity. Most of the aerosols produced under plasma were of a particle size less than 0.1 ?m. The aerosol generation

Toshiaki Yamamoto; Ben W.-L. Jang

1999-01-01

387

STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria looks over the P1 Truss  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria looks over the P1 Integrated Truss Structure, the primary payload for the mission. The P1 truss will be attached to the central truss segment, S0 Truss, during spacewalks. The payload also includes the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) Cart B that can be used by spacewalkers to move along the truss with equipment. STS-113 is scheduled to launch Oct. 6, 2002.

2002-01-01

388

Solar-cell characteristics and interfacial chemistry of indium-tin-oxide\\/indium phosphide and indium-tin-oxide\\/gallium arsenide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preparation of indium-tin-oxide (ITO)\\/p-InP and ITO\\/p-GaAs solar cells via ion-beam deposition, rf sputtering, and magnetron sputtering of ITO onto single-crystal InP and GaAs substrates is described. The properties of these solar cells are strongly affected by the fabrication conditions and are related to chemical modifications of the junctions. The solar power conversion efficiencies at air mass 2 of ITO\\/p-GaAs

K. J. Bachmann; H. Schreiber Jr.; W. R. Sinclair; P. H. Schmidt; F. A. Thiel; E. G. Spencer; G. Pasteur; W. L. Feldmann; K. Sreeharsha

1979-01-01

389

Cu-In-Sn (Copper-Indium-Tin)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Copper-Indium-Tin.

2007-01-01

390

Ag-In-Sn (Silver-Indium-Tin)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Silver-Indium-Tin.

2007-01-01

391

Ag-In-Sn (Silver-Indium-Tin)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Silver-Indium-Tin.

Materials Science International Team MSIT

392

Cu-In-Sn (Copper-Indium-Tin)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Copper-Indium-Tin.

Materials Science International Team MSIT

393

In-Ti-Zn (Indium-Tin-Zinc)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Indium-Tin-Zinc.

2007-01-01

394

Bi-In-Sn (Bismuth-Indium-Tin)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Bismuth-Indium-Tin.

2007-01-01

395

In-Ti-Zn (Indium-Tin-Zinc)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Indium-Tin-Zinc.

Materials Science International Team MSIT

396

Au-In-Sn (Gold-Indium-Tin)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Gold-Indium-Tin.

Materials Science International Team MSIT

397

Au-In-Sn (Gold-Indium-Tin)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Gold-Indium-Tin.

2007-01-01

398

Ag-Cu-In (Silver-Copper-Indium)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Silver-Copper-Indium.

2007-01-01

399

Ag-Cu-In (Silver-Copper-Indium)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is part of Subvolume C3 'Non-Ferrous Metal Systems. Part 3: Selected Soldering and Brazing Systems' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It provides data of the ternary system Silver-Copper-Indium.

Materials Science International Team MSIT

400

Properties and composition of anodic oxide layers of indium antimonide  

SciTech Connect

In recent years a number of optoelectronic devices based on narrowgap semiconductors of the AIIIBV type have been developed. One of the factors preventing widespread production of such devices is the inadequate study of the effect of the technology on the properties of insulator-semiconductor systems, of which anodic oxide films (AOF)--indium antimonide--are most promising. In this work the authors studied the dielectric properties and chemical composition of indium antimonide AOF as a function of their thicknesses and conditions of formation. It is determined that anodic indium antimonide oxide layers 90-110nm thick have high dielectric properties. It is also determined that an increase of the film thickness above 80100nm is accompanied by a decrease in the relative antimony content. The ratio of indium and antimony in oxide layers depends on the electrical conditions of oxidation of the semiconductor: the relative antimony content increases as a result of a decrease in the field intensity under conditions of constant voltage.

Sorokin, I.N.; Gat'ko, L.E.; Nikitina, N.G.

1985-09-01

401

Conduction-band g factor anisotropy in indium antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effective mass Hamiltonian for the conduction band of indium antimonide in a magnetic field is extended to include terms of up to fourth order in [K over bar], the modified wave vector. The energy corrections provided by the additional terms are evaluated using perturbation theory. An anisotropic correction to the effective g value is found which, at magnetic field

N R Ogg

1966-01-01

402

Etch-pit studies of dislocations in indium antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium antimonide specimens were plastically bent to introduce an excess of dislocations having either In-atoms at the edge of their extra half-planes or having Sb-atoms there. The lower yield stress for bending at 270°C was dependent on the direction of bend, being greater when specimens were bent to produce excess Sb-dislocations.

R. L. Bell; A. F. W. Willoughby

1966-01-01

403

Guided-wave optical bistability in indium antimonide thin films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various grating configurations used to obtain optical bistability in a guided-wave format are discussed and experimentally demonstrated using indium antimonide planar waveguides. The theory of nonlinear diffusive distributed input grating coupling, is presented. The enhancement afforded by additional feedback mechanisms is verified, both with an externally coupled counterpropagating beam and with an integrated optics Bragg reflector

Jeffrey E. Ehrlich; Gaetano Assanto; George I. Stegeman; T. Heng Chiu

1991-01-01

404

The third-order elastic constants of indium antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The six third-order elastic constants of a pure specimen of indium antimonide have been measured at room temperature These have been obtained from measurements of the change in acoustic velocity with applied stress using an improved version of the ultrasonic `sing-around' system. Possible contributions to the constants other than those arising directly from interatomic forces are considered and are shown

J R Drabble; A J Brammer

1967-01-01

405

On a new mode of deformation in indium antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dislocations can be introduced into indium antimonide by local impact. The particular configuration of dislocations produced has been called a ' dislocation-crack ', because of its close resemblance in macroscopic features to an ordinary crack. The stress required to produce a dislocation-crack is shown to be of the same order (is the fracture stress. A mechanism which explains the observations

J. W. Allen

1959-01-01

406

Chemical composition of native and anodic oxides on indium antimonide  

SciTech Connect

The authors investigate the chemical composition, growth kinetics, and properties of anodic and native oxides on the surface of a semiconductor such as indium antimonide, which is important from the practical point of view. The native oxide is obtained as a result of the interaction of the semiconductor surface with oxygen in some gaseous medium.

Gnedenkov, S.V.; Gordineko, P.S.; Kandinskii, M.P.; Mischenko, N.M.; She venko, V.Y.; Zelenskii, Y.V.

1985-10-01

407

Detection of Indium as an Atmospheric Tracer by Neutron Activation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a test of the use of indium as a particulate atmospheric tracer, both tagged and untagged rain showers were sampled at ground level in Oklahoma during May 1967. In 29 samples of untagged rain 6±3 nanograms of In per liter were found, indicating a natural background somewhat above the reagent blank of about 2 ng liter-1. After aircraft injection

Donald F. Gatz; A. Nelson Dingle; John W. Winchester

1969-01-01

408

URANIUM SOLUBILITY IN LIQUID GALLIUM, INDIUM, THALLIUM AND LEAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The solubility of uranium in liquid gallium, indium, thallium, and lead ; was determined by sampling the saturated solutions. The solubilities are ; expressed by the empirical equations: in Ga (420 to 649 deg C), log (at.% U) = ; 3.571 - 3823 T⁻¹; in In (455 to 720 deg C), log (at.% U) =3.781-5146 T\\/sup -; 1\\/; in Tl

I. Johnson; M. G. Chasanov

1963-01-01

409

The solubility of krypton in liquid cadmium and indium  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a previous paper (Johnson and Shuttleworth 1959) experimental measurements of the solubility of krypton in the tetravalent liquid metals lead and tin were found to agree quite well with values estimated from the surface energies of the liquid metals. This work has now been extended to divalent cadmium and trivalent indium, and the estimated solubilities are in reasonable agreement

G. W. Johnson

1961-01-01

410

Indium-mediated allylation reaction of difluoroacetyltrialkylsilanes in aqueous media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium-mediated allylations of difluoroacetyltrialkylsilanes in aqueous media give homoallylic alcohols exclusively. The common Brook rearrangement C- to O-silyl group migration is totally suppressed with no detectable formation of enol silyl ethers. The influence of water on the allylation reaction is also described.

Woo Jin Chung; Seiichiro Higashiya; John T Welch

2002-01-01

411

Indium-Vacancy Complexes in Mercury Cadmium Telluride.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This goals of this research were to study specific defect configurations in Hg(0.79)Cd(0.21)Te (MCT), using perturbed angular correlation (PAC) measurements, with emphasis on the defect consisting of vacancies trapped at the donor impurity indium; seconda...

M. L. Swanson W. C. Huges J. C. Austin

1993-01-01

412

Sub-micronewton thrust measurements of indium field emission thrusters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of three indium field emission thrusters (In-FETs) developed by the Austrian Research Center Seibersdorf (ARCS) have been measured up to 200 muN, 2 mA, and 20 W using a submicronewton resolution thrust stand.

Ziemer, J. K.

2003-01-01

413

Indium-111 labeled anti-melanoma monoclonal antibodies  

DOEpatents

A monoclonal antibody to a high molecular weight melanoma-associated antigen was chelated and radiolabeled with indium-111. This material shows high affinity for melanoma and thus can be used in the detection, localization and imaging of melanoma. 1 figure.

Srivastava, S.C.; Fawwaz, R.A.; Ferrone, S.

1984-04-30

414

Certain Optical and Electrical Properties of Thin Indium Antimonide Layers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a method of obtaining indium antimonide layers of n-type with a mobility of electrons of up to 8500 sq cm/v.sec. Given are results of measuring the temperature dependence of electroconductivity, Hall constant and magneto resistances ...

V. A. Kasyan M. V. Kot

1965-01-01

415

Microsecond infrared beam bending in photorefractive iron doped indium phosphide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A time resolved study of the behavior of a single beam in photorefractive iron doped indium phosphide is provided down to the microsecond range, showing that infrared beam bending does occur on the microsecond time scale for moderate beam intensities. Two distinct time scales are evidenced, the behavior of which are the sign of two different photorefractive mechanisms.

Fressengeas, N.; Dan, C.; Wolfersberger, D.

2013-06-01

416

Tin doped indium oxide thin films: Electrical properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tin doped indium oxide (ITO) films are highly transparent in the visible region, exhibiting high reflectance in the infrared region, and having nearly metallic conductivity. Owing to this unusual combination of electrical and optical properties, this material is widely applied in optoelectronic devices. The association of these properties in a single material explains the vast domain of its applicability and

Radhouane Bel Hadj Tahar; Takayuki Ban; Yutaka Ohya; Yasutaka Takahashi

1998-01-01

417

Advanced indium-tin oxide ceramics for sputtering targets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium-tin oxide (ITO) ceramic sputtering targets are widely used in formation of electrically conductive transparent thin films for electrodes in flat panel displays, solar cells, antistatic films and others, and which are commonly produced by a conventional dc magnetron sputtering process. The ceramic targets should be of high purity with a uniform microcrystalline structure and should possess high density and

E. Medvedovski; N. Alvarez; O. Yankov; M. K. Olsson

2008-01-01

418

Visible light electroluminescent diodes of indium-gallium phosphide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Vapor deposition and acceptor impurity diffusion techniques are used to prepare indium-gallium phosphide junctions. Certain problems in preparation are overcome by altering gas flow conditions and by increasing the concentration of phosphine in the gas. A general formula is given for the alloy's composition.

Clough, R.; Richman, D.; Tietjen, J.

1970-01-01

419

Magnetic susceptibility of the mercury-indium liquid alloy system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The magnetic susceptibility at room temperature, and the temperature dependence of susceptibility of the mercury-indium liquid alloy system, have been measured by the Curie method for In concentrations of up to about 60 at. %. Measurements were made at closely spaced intervals of In concentration in the range 0 to 6 at. %, in which region an unexplained thermopower anomaly

E. W. Collings

1967-01-01

420

Detection of accessory spleens with indium 111-labeled autologous platelets  

SciTech Connect

In two patients with recurrent immune thrombocytopenia, accessory splenic tissue was demonstrated by radionuclide imaging following administration of indium 111-labeled autologous platelets. In one of these patients, no accessory splenic tissue was seen on images obtained with technetium 99m sulfur colloid. This new technique provides a simple means for demonstrating accessory spleens and simultaneously evaluating the life-span of autologous platelets.

Davis, H.H., II; Varki, A.; Heaton, W.A.; Siegel, B.A.

1980-01-01

421

A 3D porous indium(III) coordination polymer involving in-situ ligand synthesis  

SciTech Connect

The hydrothermal reaction of In{sup 3+} and 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylic acid with the presence of piperazine leads to the generation of a novel 3D porous coordination polymer, [H{sub 3}O][In{sub 2}(btc)(bdc)(OH){sub 2}].5.5H{sub 2}O (1), (btc=1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylate, bdc=1,4-benzenedicarboxylate). Compound 1 crystallizes in orthorhombic space group Pbca with a=16.216(7) A, b=13.437(6) A, c=31.277(14) A, and Z=8. It is interesting to find that the in-situ decarboxylation reaction of 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylate (btc) partially transformed into 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (bdc) occurs. The 16 indium(III) centers were linked by four btc, four bdc and two mu{sub 2}-OH ligands to form a box-girder. The adjacent box-girders are further connected by the bdc and btc ligands to generate a novel porous metal-organic framework containing nanotubular open channel with a cross-section of approximately 11.5x11.3 A{sup 2}. The micropores are occupied by lattice water molecules, and the solvent-accessible volume of the unit cell was estimated to be 3658.6 A{sup 3}, which is approximately 53.7% of the unit-cell volume (6815.4 A{sup 3}). - Graphical Abstract: The hydrothermal reaction of In{sup 3+} and 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylic acid with the presence of piperazine leads to the generation of a novel 3D porous coordination polymer, [H{sub 3}O][In{sub 2}(btc)(bdc)(OH){sub 2}].5.5H{sub 2}O, (btc=1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylate, bdc=1,4-benzenedicarboxylate).

Han Zhengbo, E-mail: ceshzb@lnu.edu.c [College of Chemistry, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036 (China); Song Yongjuan; Ji Jianwei; Zhang Wei; Han Guangxi [College of Chemistry, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036 (China)

2009-11-15

422

Optimization of Indium Bump Morphology for Improved Flip Chip Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flip-chip hybridization, also known as bump bonding, is a packaging technique for microelectronic devices that directly connects an active element or detector to a substrate readout face-to-face, eliminating the need for wire bonding. In order to make conductive links between the two parts, a solder material is used between the bond pads on each side. Solder bumps, composed of indium metal, are typically deposited by thermal evaporation onto the active regions of the device and substrate. While indium bump technology has been a part of the electronic interconnect process field for many years and has been extensively employed in the infrared imager industry, obtaining a reliable, high-yield process for high-density patterns of bumps can be quite difficult. Under the right conditions, a moderate hydrogen plasma exposure can raise the temperature of the indium bump to the point where it can flow. This flow can result in a desirable shape where indium will efficiently wet the metal contact pad to provide good electrical contact to the underlying readout or imager circuit. However, it is extremely important to carefully control this process as the intensity of the hydrogen plasma treatment dramatically affects the indium bump morphology. To ensure the fine-tuning of this reflow process, it is necessary to have realtime feedback on the status of the bumps. With an appropriately placed viewport in a plasma chamber, one can image a small field (a square of approximately 5 millimeters on each side) of the bumps (10-20 microns in size) during the hydrogen plasma reflow process. By monitoring the shape of the bumps in real time using a video camera mounted to a telescoping 12 magnifying zoom lens and associated optical elements, an engineer can precisely determine when the reflow of the bumps has occurred, and can shut off the plasma before evaporation or de-wetting takes place.

Jones, Todd J.; Nikzad, Shouleh; Cunningham, Thomas J.; Blazejewski, Edward; Dickie, Matthew R.; Hoenk, Michael E.; Greer, Harold F.

2011-01-01

423

Plasma Treatment to Remove Carbon from Indium UV Filters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The sounding rocket experiment FIRE (Far-ultraviolet Imaging Rocket Experiment) will improve the science community fs ability to image a spectral region hitherto unexplored astronomically. The imaging band of FIRE (.900 to 1,100 Angstroms) will help fill the current wavelength imaging observation hole existing from approximately equal to 620 Angstroms to the GALEX band near 1,350 Angstroms. FIRE is a single-optic prime focus telescope with a 1.75-m focal length. The bandpass of 900 to 1100 Angstroms is set by a combination of the mirror coating, the indium filter in front of the detector, and the salt coating on the front of the detector fs microchannel plates. Critical to this is the indium filter that must reduce the flux from Lymanalpha at 1,216 Angstroms by a minimum factor of 10(exp -4). The cost of this Lyman-alpha removal is that the filter is not fully transparent at the desired wavelengths of 900 to 1,100 Angstroms. Recently, in a project to improve the performance of optical and solar blind detectors, JPL developed a plasma process capable of removing carbon contamination from indium metal. In this work, a low-power, low-temperature hydrogen plasma reacts with the carbon contaminants in the indium to form methane, but leaves the indium metal surface undisturbed. This process was recently tested in a proof-of-concept experiment with a filter provided by the University of Colorado. This initial test on a test filter showed improvement in transmission from 7 to 9 percent near 900 with no process optimization applied. Further improvements in this performance were readily achieved to bring the total transmission to 12% with optimization to JPL's existing process.

Greer, Harold F.; Nikzad, Shouleh; Beasley, Matthew; Gantner, Brennan

2012-01-01

424

Effect of indium segregation on the surface versus bulk chemistry for indium-doped TiO2.  

PubMed

This work reports the effect of indium segregation on the surface versus bulk composition of indium (In)-doped TiO(2). The studies are performed using proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE), secondary-ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS). The results of XPS analysis indicate that annealing of In-doped TiO(2) containing 0.3 atom % In at 1273 K in the gas phase of controlled oxygen activity [p(O(2)) = 75 kPa and 10 Pa] results in a surface enrichment of 2.95 and 2.61 atom % In, respectively. The obtained segregation data are considered in terms of the transport of indium ions from its titanium sites in the bulk phase to the surface where these ions are incorporated into interstitial sites. The effect of oxygen activity on the segregation-induced surface enrichment is considered in terms of the formation of a low-dimensional surface structure and a sublayer, which are charged negatively. The latter is formed as a result of strong interactions between titanium vacancies and interstitial indium ions, leading to the formation of defect complexes. The data obtained in this work may be used for engineering of TiO(2)-based semiconductors with enhanced performance in solar energy conversion. PMID:23145539

Atanacio, Armand J; Bak, Tadeusz; Nowotny, Janusz

2012-12-01

425

Effect of Ag thickness on electrical transport and optical properties of indium tin oxide-Ag-indium tin oxide multilayers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the dependence of electronic and optical properties on the Ag thickness in transparent conductive indium tin oxide (ITO)-Ag-ITO (IMI) multilayer films deposited on polyethylene naphthalate flexible substrate by sputtering at room temperature. The electrical properties (such as carrier concentration, mobility, and resistivity) changed significantly with incorporation of Ag between the ITO layers. Comparison of sheet resistance of the

A. Indluru; T. L. Alford

2009-01-01

426

Molecular beam epitaxy growth of indium nitride and indium gallium nitride materials for photovoltaic applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the proposed research is to establish the technology for material growth by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and fabrication of indium gallium nitride/gallium nitride (InxGa1-xN/GaN) heterojunction solar cells. InxGa1-xN solar cells have the potential to span 90% of the solar spectrum, however there has been no success with high indium (In) incorporation and only limited success with low In incorporation InxGa1-xN. Therefore, this present work focuses on 15--30% In incorporation leading to a bandgap value of 2.3--2.8 eV. This work will exploit the revision of the indium nitride (InN) bandgap value of 0.68 eV, which expands the range of the optical emission of nitride-based devices from ultraviolet to near infrared regions, by developing transparent In xGa1-xN solar cells outside the visible spectrum. Photovoltaic devices with a bandgap greater than 2.0 eV are attractive because over half the available power in the solar spectrum is above the photon energy of 2.0 eV. The ability of InxGa1-xN materials to optimally span the solar spectrum offers a tantalizing solution for high-efficiency photovoltaics. This work presents results confirming the revised bandgap of InN grown on germanium (Ge) substrates and the effects of oxygen contamination on the bandgap. This research adds to the historical discussion of the bandgap value of InN. Using the metal modulated epitaxy (MME) technique in a new, ultra-clean refurbished MBE system, an innovative growth regime is established where In and Ga phase separation is diminished by increasing the growth rate for In xGa1-xN. The MME technique modulates the metal shutters with a fixed duty cycle while maintaining a constant nitrogen flux and proves effective for improving crystal quality and p-type doping. InxGa 1-xN/GaN heterojunction solar cells require p-type doping to create the p-n subcell collecting junction, which facilitates current collection through the electrostatic field created by spatially separated ionized donors and acceptors. Magnesium (Mg) has been proven to be the most successful p-type dopant. We demonstrate the ability to repeatedly grow high hole concentration Mg-doped GaN films using the MME technique. The highest hole concentration obtained is equal to 4.26 x 1019 cm-3, resistivity of 0.5 O-cm, and mobility of 0.28 cm2/V-s. We have achieved hole concentrations significantly higher than recorded in the literature, proving that our growth parameters and the MME technique is feasible, repeatable, and beneficial to p-GaN devices. The solar cell structures were modeled with software, to design an optimal heterojunction solar cell. Using the modeling results and optimized growth parameters, four solar cell devices were grown, fabricated, and underwent extensive device testing. The device testing determined that there was no photovoltaic response from the devices, resulting from the lack of high doping in the p-GaN emitter.

Trybus, Elaissa

427

Synthesis and preclinical evaluation of the radiolabeled P-glycoprotein inhibitor [11C]MC113  

PubMed Central

Objectives With the aim to develop a PET tracer to visualize P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression levels in different organs, the Pgp inhibitor MC113 was labeled with 11C and evaluated using small-animal PET. Methods [11C]MC113 was synthesized by reaction of O-desmethyl MC113 with [11C]methyl triflate. Small-animal PET was performed with [11C]MC113 in FVB wild-type and Mdr1a/b(?/?) mice (n=3 per group) and in a mouse model of high (EMT6Ar1.0) and low (EMT6) Pgp expressing tumor grafts (n=5). In the tumor model, PET scans were performed before and after administration of the reference Pgp inhibitor tariquidar (15 mg/kg). Results Brain uptake of [11C]MC113, expressed as area under the time-activity curve from time 0 to 60 min (AUC0-60), was moderately but not significantly increased in Mdr1a/b(?/?) compared with wild-type mice (mean±SD AUC0-60, Mdr1a/b(?/?): 88±7 min, wild-type: 62±6 min, P=0.100, Mann Whitney test). In the tumor model, AUC0-60 values were not significantly different between EMT6Ar1.0 and EMT6 tumors. Neither in brain nor in tumors was activity concentration significantly changed in response to tariquidar administration. Half-maximum effect concentrations (IC50) for inhibition of Pgp-mediated rhodamine 123 efflux from CCRFvcr1000 cells were 375±60 nM for MC113 versus 8.5±2.5 nM for tariquidar. Conclusion [11C]MC113 showed higher brain uptake in mice than previously described Pgp PET tracers, suggesting that [11C]MC113 was only to a low extent effluxed by Pgp. However, [11C]MC113 was found unsuitable to visualize Pgp expression levels presumably due to insufficiently high Pgp binding affinity of MC113 in relation to Pgp densities in brain and tumors.

Mairinger, Severin; Wanek, Thomas; Kuntner, Claudia; Doenmez, Yaprak; Strommer, Sabine; Stanek, Johann; Capparelli, Elena; Chiba, Peter; Muller, Markus; Colabufo, Nicola A.; Langer, Oliver

2013-01-01

428

Synthesis and photophysical characterization of stable indium bacteriochlorins.  

PubMed

Bacteriochlorins have wide potential in photochemistry because of their strong absorption of near-infrared light, yet metallobacteriochlorins traditionally have been accessed with difficulty. Established acid-catalysis conditions [BF(3)·OEt(2) in CH(3)CN or TMSOTf/2,6-di-tert-butylpyridine in CH(2)Cl(2)] for the self-condensation of dihydrodipyrrin-acetals (bearing a geminal dimethyl group in the pyrroline ring) afford stable free base bacteriochlorins. Here, InBr(3) in CH(3)CN at room temperature was found to give directly the corresponding indium bacteriochlorin. Application of the new acid catalysis conditions has afforded four indium bacteriochlorins bearing aryl, alkyl/ester, or no substituents at the ?-pyrrolic positions. The indium bacteriochlorins exhibit (i) a long-wavelength absorption band in the 741-782 nm range, which is shifted bathochromically by 22-32 nm versus the analogous free base species, (ii) fluorescence quantum yields (0.011-0.026) and average singlet lifetime (270 ps) diminished by an order of magnitude versus that (0.13-0.25; 4.0 ns) for the free base analogues, and (iii) higher average yield (0.9 versus 0.5) yet shorter average lifetime (30 vs 105 ?s) of the lowest triplet excited state compared to the free base compounds. The differences in the excited-state properties of the indium chelates versus free base bacteriochlorins derive primarily from a 30-fold greater rate constant for S(1) ? T(1) intersystem crossing, which stems from the heavy-atom effect on spin-orbit coupling. The trends in optical properties of the indium bacteriochlorins versus free base analogues, and the effects of 5-OMe versus 5-H substituents, correlate well with frontier molecular-orbital energies and energy gaps derived from density functional theory calculations. Collectively the synthesis, photophysical properties, and electronic characteristics of the indium bacteriochlorins and free base analogues reported herein should aid in the further design of such chromophores for diverse applications. PMID:21488626

Krayer, Michael; Yang, Eunkyung; Kim, Han-Je; Kee, Hooi Ling; Deans, Richard M; Sluder, Camille E; Diers, James R; Kirmaier, Christine; Bocian, David F; Holten, Dewey; Lindsey, Jonathan S

2011-05-16

429

Dephosphorylation and biodistribution of 1-(13) C-phospholactate in vivo.  

PubMed

Here, we present a new approach for the delivery of a metabolic contrast agent for in vivo molecular imaging. The use of a phosphate-protecting group that facilitates parahydrogen-induced polarization of 1-(13) C-phospholactate potentially enables the in vivo administration of a hydrogenated hyperpolarized adduct. When injected, nonhyperpolarized 1-(13) C-phospholactate is retained in the vasculature during its metabolic conversion to 1-(13) C-lactate by blood phosphatases as demonstrated here using a mucin 1 mouse model of breast cancer and ex vivo high-resolution (13) C NMR. This multisecond process is a suitable mechanism for the delivery of relatively short-lived (13) C and potentially (15) N hyperpolarized contrast agents using -OH phosphorylated small molecules, which is demonstrated here for the first time as an example of 1-(13) C-phospholactate. Through this approach, dl-1-(13) C-lactate is taken up by tissues and organs including the liver, kidneys, brain, heart, and tumors according to a timescale amenable to hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:24995802

Shchepin, Roman V; Pham, Wellington; Chekmenev, Eduard Y

2014-06-30

430

Characterization of the Genome of the Dairy Lactobacillus helveticus Bacteriophage ?AQ113  

PubMed Central

The complete genomic sequence of the dairy Lactobacillus helveticus bacteriophage ?AQ113 was determined. Phage ?AQ113 is a Myoviridae bacteriophage with an isometric capsid and a contractile tail. The final assembled consensus sequence revealed a linear, circularly permuted, double-stranded DNA genome with a size of 36,566 bp and a G+C content of 37%. Fifty-six open reading frames (ORFs) were predicted, and a putative function was assigned to approximately 90% of them. The ?AQ113 genome shows functionally related genes clustered together in a genome structure composed of modules for DNA replication/regulation, DNA packaging, head and tail morphogenesis, cell lysis, and lysogeny. The identification of genes involved in the establishment of lysogeny indicates that it may have originated as a temperate phage, even if it was isolated from natural cheese whey starters as a virulent phage, because it is able to propagate in a sensitive host strain. Additionally, we discovered that the ?AQ113 phage genome is closely related to Lactobacillus gasseri phage KC5a and Lactobacillus johnsonii phage Lj771 genomes. The phylogenetic similarities between L. helveticus phage ?AQ113 and two phages that belong to gut species confirm a possible common ancestral origin and support the increasing consideration of L. helveticus as a health-promoting organism.

Scaltriti, Erika; Rossetti, Lia; Guffanti, Alessandro; Armiento, Angelarita; Fornasari, Maria Emanuela; Grolli, Stefano; Carminati, Domenico; Brini, Elena; Pavan, Paolo; Felsani, Armando; D'Urzo, Annalisa; Moles, Anna; Claude, Jean-Baptiste; Grandori, Rita; Ramoni, Roberto; Giraffa, Giorgio

2013-01-01

431

Characterization of the genome of the dairy Lactobacillus helveticus bacteriophage {Phi}AQ113.  

PubMed

The complete genomic sequence of the dairy Lactobacillus helveticus bacteriophage ?AQ113 was determined. Phage ?AQ113 is a Myoviridae bacteriophage with an isometric capsid and a contractile tail. The final assembled consensus sequence revealed a linear, circularly permuted, double-stranded DNA genome with a size of 36,566 bp and a G+C content of 37%. Fifty-six open reading frames (ORFs) were predicted, and a putative function was assigned to approximately 90% of them. The ?AQ113 genome shows functionally related genes clustered together in a genome structure composed of modules for DNA replication/regulation, DNA packaging, head and tail morphogenesis, cell lysis, and lysogeny. The identification of genes involved in the establishment of lysogeny indicates that it may have originated as a temperate phage, even if it was isolated from natural cheese whey starters as a virulent phage, because it is able to propagate in a sensitive host strain. Additionally, we discovered that the ?AQ113 phage genome is closely related to Lactobacillus gasseri phage KC5a and Lactobacillus johnsonii phage Lj771 genomes. The phylogenetic similarities between L. helveticus phage ?AQ113 and two phages that belong to gut species confirm a possible common ancestral origin and support the increasing consideration of L. helveticus as a health-promoting organism. PMID:23728811

Zago, Miriam; Scaltriti, Erika; Rossetti, Lia; Guffanti, Alessandro; Armiento, Angelarita; Fornasari, Maria Emanuela; Grolli, Stefano; Carminati, Domenico; Brini, Elena; Pavan, Paolo; Felsani, Armando; D'Urzo, Annalisa; Moles, Anna; Claude, Jean-Baptiste; Grandori, Rita; Ramoni, Roberto; Giraffa, Giorgio

2013-08-01

432

Electrodeposition of a nickel-indium alloy from an ammonium citrate electrolyte  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of the electrolytic deposition of a nickel-indium alloy from an ammonium citrate electrolyte for purposes of increasing the cathode current output was investigated. The alloy antifriction coating was deposited in a rectangular glass bath of an electrolyte containing indium in the forms of a sulfate and a hydroxocitrate complex and nickel in the forms of mixed ammonium and citrate complexes as well as in sulfate form. The dependence of indium content and current output of the alloy on current density and indium sulfate concentration in the electrolyte was determined. Polarization curves for alloy precipitation established that indium precipitated at more negative potentials than nickel. The effect of indium content on microhardness was also assessed. An optimum electrolyte composition, pH value, and current density were established.

Vinogradov, S.N.; Perelygin, Yu.P.

1988-05-01

433

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Erickson, A.S.; Chu, J.-H.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.; Toney, M.F.; Geballe, T.H.; Fisher, I.R.; /SLAC, SSRL /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

2010-02-15

434

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Erickson, A.S.

2010-05-03

435

Characterization of spray pyrolysed indium sulfide thin films  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indium sulfide thin films have been prepared using the chemical spray pyrolysis technique. Samples with different substrate temperatures and indium-to-sulfur (In/S) ratios have been prepared and characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, photosensitivity measurements and optical absorption studies. XRD studies have revealed that the samples are beta-In2S3. The optical bandgap has been found to decrease from 2.81 to 2.64 eV with the In/S ratio varying from 2/1 to 2/8. The photoresponse of the samples can be improved by changing either the In/S ratio in the solution or the substrate temperature. From this study we observe that, in terms of crystallinity, bandgap and photoresponse, the sample with the In/S ratio of 1.2/8 is very suitable for any photovoltaic application.

John, Teny Theresa; Bini, S.; Kashiwaba, Y.; Abe, T.; Yasuhiro, Y.; Sudha Kartha, C.; Vijayakumar, K. P.

2003-06-01

436

Preparation and photoluminescence study of mesoporous indium hydroxide nanorods  

SciTech Connect

Mesoporous indium hydroxide nanorods were successfully synthesized by a mild one-step one-pot method. The obtained samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy with selected area electron diffraction, N{sub 2} adsorption, ultraviolet-visible absorption and photoluminescence, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy showed that there were some pores in the samples, which were mainly composed of rod-like shapes with length of 300 nm and diameter of 90 nm. N{sub 2} adsorption/desorption measurements confirmed that the prepared powder was mesoporous with average pore diameter of 3.1 nm. The ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy analysis indicated that the band gap energy of the samples was 5.15 eV. Photoluminescence spectrum showed that there were two strong emissions under ultraviolet light irradiation. The growth mechanism of indium hydroxide nanorods and the role of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide were also discussed.

Li, Changyu [College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040 (China)] [College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040 (China); Lian, Suoyuan [Functional Nano and Soft Materials Laboratory, Soochow University, No. 199 Renai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123 (China) [Functional Nano and Soft Materials Laboratory, Soochow University, No. 199 Renai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123 (China); School of Chemical Engineering and Materials, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Liu, Yang [Functional Nano and Soft Materials Laboratory, Soochow University, No. 199 Renai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123 (China)] [Functional Nano and Soft Materials Laboratory, Soochow University, No. 199 Renai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123 (China); Liu, Shouxin, E-mail: liushouxin@126.com [College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040 (China)] [College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040 (China); Kang, Zhenhui, E-mail: zhkang@suda.edu.cn [Functional Nano and Soft Materials Laboratory, Soochow University, No. 199 Renai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123 (China)] [Functional Nano and Soft Materials Laboratory, Soochow University, No. 199 Renai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123 (China)

2010-02-15

437

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn1-?Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, Tc , of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 1021cm-3 . When doped on the tin site with greater than xc=1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific-heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x>xc than for xindium impurity sites.

Erickson, A. S.; Chu, J.-H.; Toney, M. F.; Geballe, T. H.; Fisher, I. R.

2009-01-01

438

Determination of series resistance of indium phosphide solar cells  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The series resistance of a solar cell is an important parameter, which must be minimized to achieve high cell efficiencies. The cell series resistance is affected by the starting material, its design, and processing. The theoretical approach proposed by Jia, et. al., is used to calculate the series resistance of indium phosphide solar cells. It is observed that the theoretical approach does not predict the series resistance correctly in all cases. The analysis was modified to include the use of effective junction ideality factor. The calculated results were compared with the available experimental results on indium phosphide solar cells processed by different techniques. It is found that the use of process dependent junction ideality factor leads to better estimation of series resistance. An accurate comprehensive series resistance model is warranted to give proper feedback for modifying the cell processing from the design state.

Jain, Raj K.; Weinberg, Irving

1991-01-01

439

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Lavagnini, M.

2010-02-24

440

Preparation Of Copper Indium Gallium Diselenide Films For Solar Cells  

DOEpatents

High quality thin films of copper-indium-gallium-diselenide useful in the production of solar cells are prepared by electrodepositing at least one of the constituent metals onto a glass/Mo substrate, followed by physical vapor deposition of copper and selenium or indium and selenium to adjust the final stoichiometry of the thin film to approximately Cu(In,Ga)Se.sub.2. Using an AC voltage of 1-100 KHz in combination with a DC voltage for electrodeposition improves the morphology and growth rate of the deposited thin film. An electrodeposition solution comprising at least in part an organic solvent may be used in conjunction with an increased cathodic potential to increase the gallium content of the electrodeposited thin film.

Bhattacharya, Raghu N. (Littleton, CO); Contreras, Miguel A. (Golden, CO); Keane, James (Lakewood, CO); Tennant, Andrew L. (Denver, CO), Tuttle, John R. (Denver, CO); Ramanathan, Kannan (Lakewood, CO); Noufi, Rommel (Golden, CO)

1998-08-08

441

Local structural environment and photoluminescence of Er 3+ ions doped in indium tin oxide nanopowder  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been experimentally demonstrated that the indium tin oxide can be doped with rare earth element through the conventional sol–gel technique. Erbium in its trivalent state replaces the indium site in the indium tin oxide lattice. Homogeneously distributed and optically activated Er3+ ions then allow a strong photoluminescence emission at ?1.5?m. Reduced particle size and the existence of Sn

Yong Gyu Choi; Sung Mi Yu; Woon Jin Chung

2008-01-01

442

Effect of indium-doped SnO 2 nanoparticles on NO 2 gas sensing properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undoped and indium-doped SnO2 thin films with different doping concentrations have been prepared by sol–gel spin coating process on float glass substrates. XRD, TEM and AFM studies are carried out to investigate the effect of indium in SnO2 thin films. TEM studies reveal the dispersed nanoparticles of around 3nm size (?Debye length). In addition we have observed that indium doping

Jaswinder Kaur; Rajesh Kumar; M. C. Bhatnagar

2007-01-01

443

Geology, geochemistry and mineralogy of indium resources at Mount Pleasant, New Brunswick, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium-bearing deposits at Mount Pleasant, New Brunswick represent one of two major episodes of mineralization associated with granitic intrusions near the southwest margin of the Late Devonian Mount Pleasant caldera. Porphyry tungsten–molybdenum deposits, with negligible indium content, are associated with the earliest stage of intrusion and represent the first mineralization episode. Indium-bearing vein, replacement and breccia-hosted tin-base metal deposits are

W. D. Sinclair; G. J. A. Kooiman; D. A. Martin; I. M. Kjarsgaard

2006-01-01

444

Ion beam studies on reactive DC sputtered manganese doped indium tin oxide thin films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium based transparent conducting oxides doped with magnetic elements have been studied intensively in recent years with a view to develop novel ferromagnetic semiconductors for spin-based electronics. In the present work, we have grown manganese doped indium tin oxide (Mn:ITO) thin films, onto Si and Si\\/SiO2 substrates by DC reactive sputtering of a composite target containing indium–tin alloy and manganese,

S. R. Sarath Kumar; P. Malar; Thomas Osipowicz; S. S. Banerjee; S. Kasiviswanathan

2008-01-01

445

The steady-state and time-resolved photophysical properties of a dimeric indium phthalocyanine complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

The steady-state and time-resolved photophysical properties and some molecular orbital calculation results of a dimeric indium phthalocyanine complex with an indium–indium bond, i.e., [tBu4PcIn]2·2tmed, have been described. The results regarding triplet excited state lifetimes can be ascribed to strong intramolecular interactions existing only in the excited state of this dimer because no significant difference in the absorption spectra of the

Yu Chen; Yasuyuki Araki; Danilo Dini; Ying Liu; Osamu Ito; Mamoru Fujitsuka

2006-01-01

446

Synthesis of Indium Tin Oxide Thin Films by Cvd and Sol-Gel Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The object of this work was to synthesize indium tin oxide thin films on glass substrates using Chemical Vapor Deposition and Sol-gel processes. Starting materials included indium-2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptane - 3,5-dione and tin chloride as precursors for the CVD method, indium nitrates (In(NO_3)_35H _2O), tin chloride and ethylene glycol for the sol-gel method. A spin coating system was used to prepare the

Laurent-Sebastien Bernard

1994-01-01

447

A Ka-band indium-antimonide junction circulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following a brief overview of the underlying theory, experimental results are presented for the first time showing circulator action in a semiconductor junction structure. An axially magnetized indium-antimonide disc fixed in a three-port finline structure and cooled to the temperature of boiling nitrogen, 77 K gives circulation across K?-band. For a dc magnetic bias of 0.73 T, a 15-dB isolation

Chin K. Yong; Robin Sloan; Lionel E. Davis

2001-01-01

448

Effect of Pressure on the Electrical Properties of Indium Antimonide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrical resistivity and Hall coefficient of indium antimonide have been measured as a function of pressure to 2000 atmospheres at 0°C, 24.3°C, and 54.3°C. The sample was p-type at low temperatures and became intrinsic with respect to the type of conductivity-temperature variation at about 220°K. It was found that the resistivity and Hall coefficient both increase exponentially with pressure,

Donald Long

1955-01-01

449

An Indium-Free Transparent Resistive Switching Random Access Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report an indium-free transparent resistive switching random access memory device based on GZO-Ga2O3- ZnO-Ga2O3-GZO structure by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. The memory device shows good transmittance in the visible region and bipolar resistive switching behavior with good cycling characteristics and retention time under room temper- ature. The conduction and resistive switching mechanism was discussed based on filament theory.

K. Zheng; X. W. Sun; J. L. Zhao; Y. Wang; H. Y. Yu; H. V. Demir; K. L. Teo

2011-01-01

450

Electrodeposited cuprous oxide on indium tin oxide for solar applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semiconducting cuprous oxide films were prepared by electrodeposition onto commercial conducting glass coated with indium tin oxide deposited by spraying technique. The cuprous oxide (Cu2O) films were deposited using a galvanostatic method from an alkaline CuSO4 bath containing lactic acid and sodium hydroxide at a temperature of 60°C. The film's thickness was about 4–6?m. This paper includes discussion for Cu2O

V. Georgieva; M. Ristov

2002-01-01

451

Indium Tin Oxide-Polyaniline Biosensor: Fabrication and Characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a novel indium tin oxide (ITO)-polyaniline (Pani) biosensor was designed, fabricated, and characterized. Initial testing was conducted for the detection of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV). The biosensor design was based upon the specific nature of antibodies to capture the target virus, and the conductive properties of self-doped Pani to translate the antibody-antigen binding into a quantifying

Zarini Muhammad Tahir; Evangelyn C. Alocilja; Daniel L. Grooms

2007-01-01

452

Work function measurements on indium tin oxide films  

Microsoft Academic Search

We determined the work function of indium tin oxide (ITO) films on glass substrates using photoemission spectroscopy (PES). The ITO coated glass substrates were chemically cleaned ex-situ, oxygen plasma treated ex-situ, or sputtered in-situ. Our results suggest that the performance of ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) measurements can induce a significant work function reduction on the order of 0.4–0.5 eV, on

R Schlaf; H Murata; Z. H Kafafi

2001-01-01

453

Nuclear-grade silver-indium-cadmium alloy  

SciTech Connect

The specification covers silver-indium-cadmium alloy for use as a control material in nuclear reactors. The specification includes ordering information, manufacture, chemical requirements, workmanship, finish, appearance, sampling, chemical analysis, inspection, certification, packaging, and marking. The specification excludes the use of this material in applications where material strength of the alloy is a prime requisite. Also, the material must be protected from the primary water by a corrosion and wear resistant cladding. (JMT)

Not Available

1981-01-01

454

Highly Polarized Photoluminescence and Photodetection from Single Indium Phosphide Nanowires  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have characterized the fundamental photoluminescence (PL) properties of individual, isolated indium phosphide (InP) nanowires to define their potential for optoelectronics. Polarization-sensitive measurements reveal a striking anisotropy in the PL intensity recorded parallel and perpendicular to the long axis of a nanowire. The order-of-magnitude polarization anisotropy was quantitatively explained in terms of the large dielectric contrast between these free-standing nanowires

Jianfang Wang; Mark S. Gudiksen; Xiangfeng Duan; Yi Cui; Charles M. Lieber

2001-01-01

455

Elemental sulfur-based electrodeposition of indium sulfide films  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report research on electrodeposition of indium sulfide films, with In2S3 a less hazardous alternative to CdS buffer layers in solar cells. Numerous organic and aqueous\\/organic electrolytes of InCl3, NaCl, and elemental sulfur were investigated, including several glycols and amides. Temperatures ranged from 80–170 °C, and deposition voltages from ?0.6 to ?1.2 V (Ag\\/AgCl with organic filling solution). Substrates included

M. Jason Newell; Robert Engelken; J. Hall; M. A. Mughal; F. Felizco; J. Vangilder; S. Thapa; D. McNew; Z. Hill

2011-01-01

456

Indium sulfide buffer layers deposited by dry and wet methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium sulfide (In2S3) thin films have been deposited on amorphous glass, glass coated by tin oxide (TCO) and crystalline silicon substrates by two different methods: modulated flux deposition (MFD) and chemical bath deposition (CBD). Composition, morphology and optical characterization have been carried out with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), IR-visible-UV Spectrophotometry, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. Different

B. Asenjo; C. Sanz; C. Guillen; A. M. Chaparro; M. T. Gutiérrez; J. Herrero

2007-01-01

457

Immune stimulation following dermal exposure to unsintered indium tin oxide.  

PubMed

Abstract In recent years, several types of pulmonary pathology, including alveolar proteinosis, fibrosis, and emphysema, have been reported in workers in the indium industry. To date, there remains no clear understanding of the underlying mechanism(s). Pulmonary toxicity studies in rats and mice have demonstrated the development of mediastinal lymph node hyperplasia and granulomas of mediastinal lymph nodes and bronchus-associated lymphoid tissues following exposure to indium tin oxide. Given the association between exposure to other metals and the development of immune-mediated diseases, these studies were undertaken to begin to investigate the immuno-modulatory potential of unsintered indium tin oxide (uITO) in a mouse model. Using modifications of the local lymph node assay, BALB/c mice (five animals/group) were exposed topically via intact or breached skin or injected intradermally at the base of the ear pinnae with either vehicle or increasing concentrations 2.5-10% uITO (90:10 indium oxide/tin oxide, particle size <50?nm). Dose-responsive increases in lymphocyte proliferation were observed with a calculated EC3 of 4.7% for the intact skin study. Phenotypic analysis of draining lymph node cells following intradermal injection with 5% uITO yielded a profile consistent with a T-cell-mediated response. These studies demonstrate the potential for uITO to induce sensitization and using lymphocyte proliferation as a biomarker of exposure, and demonstrate the potential for uITO to penetrate both intact and breached skin. PMID:24164313

Brock, Kristie; Anderson, Stacey E; Lukomska, Ewa; Long, Carrie; Anderson, Katie; Marshall, Nikki; Jean Meade, B

2014-07-01

458

Indium Helps Strengthen Al/Cu/Li Alloy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experiments on Al/Cu/Li alloys focus specifically on strengthening effects of minor additions of In and Cd. Indium-bearing alloy combines low density with ability to achieve high strength through heat treatment alone. Tensile tests on peak-aged specimens indicated that alloy achieved yield strength approximately 15 percent higher than baseline alloy. Alloy highly suitable for processing to produce parts of nearly net shape, with particular applications in aircraft and aerospace vehicles.

Blackburn, Linda B.; Starke, Edgar A., Jr.

1992-01-01

459

Indium doped zinc oxide thin films obtained by electrodeposition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium doped ZnO thin films were obtained by co-electrodeposition (precursor and dopant) from aqueous solution. XRD analysis showed typical patterns of the hexagonal ZnO structure for both doped and undoped films. No diffraction peaks of any other structure such as In2O3 or In(OH)3 were found. The incorporation of In into the ZnO film was verified by both EDS and XPS

G. Machado; D. N. Guerra; D. Leinen; J. R. Ramos-Barrado; R. E. Marotti; E. A. Dalchiele

2005-01-01

460

Electron scattering mechanisms in n-type indium selenide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electron scattering mechanisms in n-type indium selenide are investigated by means of the temperature dependence (4-500 K) of Hall mobility and the magnetic field dependence of Hall and magnetoresistance coefficients. The Schmid model for homopolar optical-phonon scattering can explain the temperature dependence of electron mobility above 40 K. The electron-phonon coupling constant is determined, g2=0.054. The optical phonon involved in

A. Segura; F. Pomer; A. Cantarero; W. Krause; A. Chevy

1984-01-01

461

Room temperature oxidation of lead-indium alloy films  

Microsoft Academic Search

The kinetics of growth of thin (14 to 40) oxide layers on lead-indium alloys was investigated ellipsometrically, using: 3000\\u000a thick films at 23C; and oxygen exposures at 760 torr for times ranging from five minutes to five days. Assuming that the\\u000a oxide layer is comprised of a two-phase mixture of PbO and In2O3 having a negligible extinction coefficient made it

J. M. Eldridge; D. W. Dong; K. L. Komarek

1975-01-01

462

Thermal Conductivity of Superconducting Lead-Indium Alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal conductivity in the mixed state Km of a series of lead-indium alloys containing from 3 to 21 at.% In was measured as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The temperature dependence of the thermal conductivities in the superconducting and normal states Ks and Kn, respectively, was also measured in the range from 1.35 to 7.5 K. In

A. K. Gupta; S. Wolf

1972-01-01

463

Ion-implanted high-microwave-power indium phosphide transistors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indium phosphide (InP) metal-insulator-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MISFETs) have demonstrated substantially higher output power density at microwave frequencies compared to gallium arsenide metal-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MESFETs). Presented here are the microwave characteristics from an investigation of encapsulated rapid thermal annealing (RTA) for the fabrication of InP power MISFETs with ion-implanted source, drain, and active channel regions. The MISFETs had a gate

V. J. Kapoor; L. J. Messick; R. Nguyen

1989-01-01

464

Indentation power-law creep of high-purity indium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a variety of depth-sensing indentation techniques, the creep response of high-purity indium, from room temperature to\\u000a 75 °C, was measured. The dependence of the hardness on the variables of indentation strain rate (stress exponent for creep\\u000a (n)) and temperature (apparent activation energy for creep (Q)) and the existence of a steady-state behavior in an indentation test with a Berkovich

B. N. Lucas; W. C. Oliver

1999-01-01

465

STS-113 Mission Specialist John Herrington suits up for second launch attempt  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- - STS-113 Mission Specialist John Herrington smiles as he finishes suiting up for a second launch attempt on mission STS-113. The launch on Nov. 22 was scrubbed due to poor weather conditions at the Transoceanic Abort Landing sites. Herrington will be making his first Shuttle flight. The launch will carry the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is now scheduled for Nov. 23 at 7:50 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

466

STS-113 Mission Specialist John B. Herrington arrives at KSC for launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-113 Mission Specialist John B. Herrington smiles for the camera upon his arrival at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility to prepare for launch. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary objective of the mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major task of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is targeted for no earlier than Nov. 22 between 7 and 11 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

467

Odd p isotope {sup 113}In: Measurement of {alpha}-induced reactions  

SciTech Connect

One of the few p nuclei with an odd number of protons is {sup 113}In. Reaction cross sections of {sup 113}In({alpha},{gamma}){sup 117}Sb and {sup 113}In({alpha},n){sup 116}Sb have been measured with the activation method at center-of-mass energies between 8.66 and 13.64 MeV, close to the astrophysically relevant energy range. The experiments were carried out at the cyclotron accelerator of ATOMKI. The activities were determined by off-line detection of the decay {gamma} rays with a HPGe detector. Measured cross sections and astrophysical S factor results are presented and compared with statistical model calculations using three different {alpha}+nucleus potentials. The comparison indicates that the standard rates used in the majority of network calculations for these reactions were too fast due to the energy dependence of the optical {alpha} potential at low energy.

Yalcin, C. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Umuttepe 41380, Kocaeli (Turkey); ATOMKI, H-4001 Debrecen, POB. 51 (Hungary); Gueray, R. T.; Oezkan, N.; Kutlu, S. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Umuttepe 41380, Kocaeli (Turkey); Gyuerky, Gy.; Farkas, J.; Kiss, G. G.; Fueloep, Zs.; Simon, A.; Somorjai, E. [ATOMKI, H-4001 Debrecen, POB. 51 (Hungary); Rauscher, T. [University of Basel, Department of Physics, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2009-06-15

468

STS-113 M.S. Michael Lopez-Alegria arrives at KSC for launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria arrives at the KSC Shuttle Landing Facility to get ready for launch. STS-113 is the 16th American assembly flight to the International Space Station. The primary mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 between midnight and 4 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

469

STS-113 M.S. Michael Lopez-Alegria suits up for the second launch attempt  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria suits up for the second launch attempt of mission STS-113. The previous launch on Nov. 22 was scrubbed due to poor weather conditions at the Transoceanic Abort Landing sites. He will be making his third Shuttle flight. The launch will carry the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is now scheduled for Nov. 23 at 7:50 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

470

STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart suits up for second launch attempt  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart salutes as he finishes suiting up for a second launch attempt on mission STS-113. The launch on Nov. 22 was scrubbed due to poor weather conditions at the Transoceanic Abort Landing sites. Lockhart will be making his second Shuttle flight. The launch will carry the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is now scheduled for Nov. 23 at 7:50 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

471

Complete combustion of methane over indium tin oxides catalysts.  

PubMed

Indium tin oxide (ITO) catalysts with different In/Sn ratios have been prepared by the co-precipitation method. The catalysts were evaluated for methane combustion at different temperatures (673-873 K) with a space velocity of 30 000 h(-1). The results showed that methane could be completely oxidized at 873 K with ITO catalysts. Doping an appropriate amount of tin into In2O3 could greatly improve its activity, while the performances of Indium-doped tin oxides were worse than that of SnO2. A significant improvement of the activity was obtained on the catalyst In8Sn2, which contains 80 wt. % of indium oxide and 20 wt. % of tin oxide. Crystal defection and the amount of oxygen vacancy caused by doping were the main factors that would affect catalytic activity of ITO catalysts. The catalytic activity is strongly inhibited by the presence of a large amount of water vapor at the entire temperature range, while only the activity at low temperature (under 823 K) decreased in the presence of sulfur dioxide. By doping Sn into In2O3, its tolerance to SO2 could be enhanced due to the higher resistance of SnO2. PMID:17120580

Li, Junhua; Fu, Huijing; Fu, Lixin; Hao, Jiming

2006-10-15

472

FERMI OBSERVATIONS OF THE VERY HARD GAMMA-RAY BLAZAR PG 1553+113  

SciTech Connect

We report the observations of PG 1553+113 during the first approx 200 days of Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope science operations, from 2008 August 4 to 2009 February 22 (MJD 54682.7-54884.2). This is the first detailed study of PG 1553+113 in the GeV gamma-ray regime and it allows us to fill a gap of three decades in energy in its spectral energy distribution (SED). We find PG 1553+113 to be a steady source with a hard spectrum that is best fit by a simple power law in the Fermi energy band. We combine the Fermi data with archival radio, optical, X-ray, and very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray data to model its broadband SED and find that a simple, one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model provides a reasonable fit. PG 1553+113 has the softest VHE spectrum of all sources detected in that regime and, out of those with significant detections across the Fermi energy bandpass so far, the hardest spectrum in that energy regime. Thus, it has the largest spectral break of any gamma-ray source studied to date, which could be due to the absorption of the intrinsic gamma-ray spectrum by the extragalactic background light (EBL). Assuming this to be the case, we selected a model with a low level of EBL and used it to absorb the power-law spectrum from PG 1553+113 measured with Fermi (200 MeV-157 GeV) to find the redshift, which gave the best fit to the measured VHE data (90 GeV-1.1 TeV) for this parameterization of the EBL. We show that this redshift can be considered an upper limit on the distance to PG 1553+113.

Abdo, A. A. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Bechtol, K.; Berenji, B.; Bloom, E. D.; Borgland, A. W. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Atwood, W. B. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Axelsson, M. [Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Baldini, L.; Bellazzini, R.; Bregeon, J.; Brez, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Ballet, J. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Universite Paris Diderot, Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Barbiellini, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Bastieri, D. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Bonamente, E. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Brigida, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, 'M. Merlin' dell'Universita e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Bruel, P. [Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, Palaiseau (France); Burnett, T. H., E-mail: deirdre@llr.in2p3.f, E-mail: dsanchez@llr.in2p3.f, E-mail: deirdre@in2p3.f, E-mail: sanchez@poly.in2p3.f [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1560 (United States)

2010-01-10

473

Preclinical Development of ONC1-13B, Novel Antiandrogen for Prostate Cancer Treatment.  

PubMed

Recently new drugs targeting androgen-dependent axis have been approved for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) - Zytiga and Xtandi (formerly MDV3100), several other candidates (for example, ARN-509) are in early phases of clinical trials. However despite significant improvement in overall survival with new treatments it is evident that resistance to these drugs develops. One of the approaches to overcome it is combination therapy and from this point of view some potential for drug-drug interactions can limit the application of the drug. We describe here the preclinical development of ONC1-13B, antagonist of androgen receptor, with similar to MDV3100 and ARN-509 mechanism of action. It efficiently inhibits DHT-stimulated PSA expression and proliferation of prostate cancer cells, prevents binding of androgens to the AR ligand-binding domain, androgen-stimulated AR nuclear translocation and coactivator complex formation. In the LnCaP-Z2 xenograft model of prostate cancer ONC1-13B inhibits tumor growth and suppresses PSA expression. The in vivo activity of ONC1-13B is comparable to that of MDV3100 at similar doses, and even higher, calculated per unit of concentration in plasma. Distribution of ONC1-13B to the brain is less than that shown for MDV3100 and ARN-509, decreasing the risk of GABA-related seizure development. Additionally ONC1-13B induces significantly lower in vitro CYP3A activity than for example MDV3100 (known strong CYP3A inducer) or ARN-509 and could be well suited for co-therapy with drugs that are known CYP3A substrates. Thus ONC1-13B is a new promising antiandrogen demonstrating high efficacy in a preclinical model of prostate cancer, with lower potential for seizures and drug-drug interaction. PMID:24494031

Ivachtchenko, Alexandre V; Mitkin, Oleg D; Kudan, Elizaveta V; Rjahovsky, Alexey A; Vorobiev, Anton A; Trifelenkov, Andrey S; Shevkun, Natalia A; Proskurina, Oxana V; Kravchenko, Dmitry V; Karapetian, Ruben N

2014-01-01

474

Preclinical Development of ONC1-13B, Novel Antiandrogen for Prostate Cancer Treatment  

PubMed Central

Recently new drugs targeting androgen-dependent axis have been approved for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) - Zytiga and Xtandi (formerly MDV3100), several other candidates (for example, ARN-509) are in early phases of clinical trials. However despite significant improvement in overall survival with new treatments it is evident that resistance to these drugs develops. One of the approaches to overcome it is combination therapy and from this point of view some potential for drug-drug interactions can limit the application of the drug. We describe here the preclinical development of ONC1-13B, antagonist of androgen receptor, with similar to MDV3100 and ARN-509 mechanism of action. It efficiently inhibits DHT-stimulated PSA expression and proliferation of prostate cancer cells, prevents binding of androgens to the AR ligand-binding domain, androgen-stimulated AR nuclear translocation and coactivator complex formation. In the LnCaP-Z2 xenograft model of prostate cancer ONC1-13B inhibits tumor growth and suppresses PSA expression. The in vivo activity of ONC1-13B is comparable to that of MDV3100 at similar doses, and even higher, calculated per unit of concentration in plasma. Distribution of ONC1-13B to the brain is less than that shown for MDV3100 and ARN-509, decreasing the risk of GABA-related seizure development. Additionally ONC1-13B induces significantly lower in vitro CYP3A activity than for example MDV3100 (known strong CYP3A inducer) or ARN-509 and could be well suited for co-therapy with drugs that are known CYP3A substrates. Thus ONC1-13B is a new promising antiandrogen demonstrating high efficacy in a preclinical model of prostate cancer, with lower potential for seizures and drug-drug interaction.

Ivachtchenko, Alexandre V.; Mitkin, Oleg D.; Kudan, Elizaveta V.; Rjahovsky, Alexey A.; Vorobiev, Anton A.; Trifelenkov, Andrey S.; Shevkun, Natalia A.; Proskurina, Oxana V.; Kravchenko, Dmitry V.; Karapetian, Ruben N.

2014-01-01

475

Method for enhancing the solubility of boron and indium in silicon  

DOEpatents

A method for enhancing the equilibrium solubility of boron and indium in silicon. The method involves first-principles quantum mechanical calculations to determine the temperature dependence of the equilibrium solubility of two important p-type dopants in silicon, namely boron and indium, under various strain conditions. The equilibrium thermodynamic solubility of size-mismatched impurities, such as boron and indium in silicon, can be raised significantly if the silicon substrate is strained appropriately. For example, for boron, a 1% compressive strain raises the equilibrium solubility by 100% at 1100.degree. C.; and for indium, a 1% tensile strain at 1100.degree. C., corresponds to an enhancement of the solubility by 200%.

Sadigh, Babak (Oakland, CA); Lenosky, Thomas J. (Pleasanton, CA); Diaz de la Rubia, Tomas (Danville, CA); Giles, Martin (Hillsborough, OR); Caturla, Maria-Jose (Livermore, CA); Ozolins, Vidvuds (Pleasanton, CA); Asta, Mark (Evanston, IL); Theiss, Silva (St. Paul, MN); Foad, Majeed (Santa Clara, CA); Quong, Andrew (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01

476

Structural and electrical properties of sol-gel spin coated indium doped cadmium oxide thin films  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The indium doped CdO thin films have been prepared by the sol-gel spin coating technique and the influence of indium doping concentration on the structural and electrical properties of the deposited films has been investigated. The indium doping concentration in the solution has been varied from 0-10 wt% insteps of 2wt%. A indium doping concentration of 6wt% has been found to be optimum for preparing the films and at this stage a minimum resistivity of 5.92×10-4? cm and a maximum carrier concentration of 1.20×1020cm-3 have been realized.

Rajammal, R.; Savarimuthu, E.; Arumugam, S.

2014-04-01

477

Structure and microhardness of rapidly solidified foils of binary indium alloys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structure of indium and binary indium-based alloys obtained by rapid solidification has been investigated. In the rapidly solidified foils of indium and its binary alloys with tin, lead, bismuth, zinc, and antimony (to 0.6 at %), there is formed a (101) texture, and in the alloys that contain a higher concentration of antimony, an (001) texture. The foils of the alloys that contain to 4 at % bismuth, lead, and cadmium and to 8 at % tin are single-phase. In the foils of the alloys containing zinc and antimony, dispersed particles of zinc and indium antimonide are precipitated.

Shepelevich, V. G.; Tszintsze, Van

2011-02-01

478

Ultrasonic-Assisted Acid Leaching of Indium from Blast Furnace Sludge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ultrasonic-assisted acid leaching was used to improve extraction of indium from blast furnace sludge. The effects of solid-liquid ratio, leaching temperature, and leaching time on extraction of indium were investigated and three leaching methods of high temperature acid leaching (HL), ultrasonic acid leaching (UL), and high temperature-ultrasonic acid leaching (HUL) were compared. The results show that extraction of indium increases with leaching time for all the methods. UL exhibits the lowest indium extraction. For HL, extraction of indium reaches 32.6 pct when the leaching time is 4 hours, and after 4 hours, the extraction increases slowly. Leaching temperature has a more positive effect on extraction of indium than ultrasonic. HUL can lead to a higher extraction of indium than high temperature acid leaching and UL, and extraction of indium reaches 40.4 pct when the leaching time is 2 hours. After 2 hours, no obvious increase occurs. HUL not only increases extraction of indium but also reduces the leaching time which can improve production efficiency.

Shen, Xingmei; Li, Liaosha; Wu, Zhaojin; Lü, Huihong; Lü, Jia

2013-12-01

479

U.S. Congressmen from Florida Tom Feeney and Dave Weldon at the STS-113 launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - U.S. Congressmen from Florida Tom Feeney (left) and Dave Weldon wait in the VIP viewing site for the STS-113 launch. The launch will carry the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and return the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is now scheduled for Nov. 23 at 7:50 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

480

STS-113 crew during TCDT emergency egress training at LC39-A  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Expedition 6 cosmonaut Nikolai Budarin (center) holds a mini-mascot during a break in emergency egress practice from the 195-foot level of the Fixed Service Structure on Launch Pad 39A. Behind him are STS-113 Pilot Paul Lockhart (left) and Commander James Wetherbee. Expedition 6 will be replacing Expedition 5 on the International Space Station. The 16th assembly flight to the International Space Station, STS-113 will carry the Port 1 (P1) truss aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour. The mission is scheduled to launch Nov. 10, 2002.

2002-01-01

481

Search for polarization of the 3.3 and 11.3-micron interstellar emission features  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results are reported from a search for linear polarization of the 3.3 and 11.3-micron emission features in the Orion ionization front, NGC 7027, HD 44179 (the Red Rectangle), NGC 2023, BD + 30 deg 3639, and Elias 1. Recent theoretical calculations have predicted that if these features are due to PAHs they may be linearly polarized in many astronomical situations. The most sensitive measurements of and upper limits on the feature polarization are 1 percent at 3.3 microns and 3 percent at 11.3 microns.

Sellgren, K.; Rouan, D.; Leger, A.

1988-01-01

482

STS-113 Commander James Wetherbee is happy to suit up before launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-113 Commander James Wetherbee is happy to suit up before launch. Wetherbee will be making his sixth Shuttle flight. The primary mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 at 12:58 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

483

STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria suits up for launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria suits up for launch. He will be making his third Shuttle flight. The primary mission for the crew is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for 8:15 p.m. EST.

2002-01-01

484

STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria suits up before launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-113 Mission Specialist Michael Lopez-Alegria suits up before launch. This will be his third Shuttle flight. The primary mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 at 12:58 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

485

STS-113 Paul Lockhart adjusts his helmet during suitup before launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-113 Paul Lockhart adjusts his helmet during suitup before launch. Lockhart will be making his second Shuttle flight. The primary mission is bringing the Expedition 6 crew to the Station and returning the Expedition 5 crew to Earth. The major objective of the mission is delivery of the Port 1 (P1) Integrated Truss Assembly, which will be attached to the port side of the S0 truss. Three spacewalks are planned to install and activate the truss and its associated equipment. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-113 is scheduled for Nov. 11 at 12:58 a.m. EST.

2002-01-01

486

Synthesis of single source molecular precursors for copper indium diselenide and copper indium disulfide production via confined plume chemical deposition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A one-step process for preparing coatings of known photovoltaic materials on either inorganic or organic substrates is reported. IR laser (2.94 microm wavelength) and femtosecond visible laser (800 nm wavelength) irradiation of single-source molecular precursors layered between transparent supports under temporal and spatial confinement at a laser wavelength (2.94 microm or 800 nm) resonant with a precursor vibrational band gives one-step deposition of copper indium diselenide (CISe) or copper indium disulfide (CIS) without incurring noticeable collateral thermal damage to the substrate material. Reaction plume formation at the precursor/laser beam interface initiates confined plume, chemical deposition (CPCD) of nano CIS product. Continuous coatings are produced by rastering the laser beam over a sample specimen. CPCD processing of precursors 1-6 on confined substrates, ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)/glass, and glass/sapphire gives CISe, CIS respectively.

Jackson, Jason D.

487

Preparation and characterization of indium-tin-oxide deposited by direct thermal evaporation of metal indium and tin  

SciTech Connect

Films of the transparent conductor-tin-oxide (ITO) have been deposited successfully by direct thermal evaporation of metallic indium and tin in an oxygen ambient. Various techniques, such as scanning and transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, electron microprobe analysis, Hall measurements, and optical transmission measurements, were applied to determine the crystal structure and to measure grain size, tin concentration, optical transmittance, electron concentration, and the mobility of the ITO films. It is found that the key point in reducing the resistivity of the ITO film is by controlling the tin to indium weight ratio to an optimum value of 3 to 1. ITO films with resistivity as low as 1.8 x 10/sup -4/ ..cap omega..-cm and an average optical transmittance as high as 90% can be achieved reproducibly. The films are polycrystalline with a bcc structure and a grain size of approximately 500A.

Jan, S.W.; Lee, S.C.

1987-08-01

488

Short Communication: Reduction of Copper and Indium Chloride in aq. DMF: Formation of Copper Indium Sulphide (CIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that the reaction of N,N-diemthylformamide (DMF) with water at boiling temperature leads to an in-situ generation of hydrogen gas. Reduction of sulphur by thus generated hydrogen and its subsequent reaction with respective metal salts yielded gray-black powder, which upon analysis revealed formation of copper indium sulphide (CIS) in a single step reaction. A similar reaction of

P. K. Khanna; Priyesh More; Yogesh Patil; Jagdish Jawalkar; Deepti Kulkarni; Amol Dhangar

2009-01-01

489

Solid Waste Operations Complex W-113, Detail Design Report (Title II). Volume 4: Project cost estimate  

SciTech Connect

The Solid Waste Retrieval Facility--Phase 1 (Project W113) will provide the infrastructure and the facility required to retrieve from Trench 04, Burial ground 4C, contact handled (CH) drums and boxes at a rate that supports all retrieved TRU waste batching, treatment, storage, and disposal plans. This includes (1) operations related equipment and facilities, viz., a weather enclosure for the trench, retrieval equipment, weighing, venting, obtaining gas samples, overpacking, NDE, NDA, shipment of waste and (2) operations support related facilities, viz., a general office building, a retrieval staff change facility, and infrastructure upgrades such as supply and routing of water, sewer, electrical power, fire protection, roads, and telecommunication. Title I design for the operations related equipment and facilities was performed by Raytheon/BNFL, and that for the operations support related facilities including infrastructure upgrade was performed by KEH. These two scopes were combined into an integrated W113 Title II scope that was performed by Raytheon/BNFL. This volume represents the total estimated costs for the W113 facility. Operating Contractor Management costs have been incorporated as received from WHC. The W113 Facility TEC is $19.7 million. This includes an overall project contingency of 14.4% and escalation of 17.4%. A January 2001 construction contract procurement start date is assumed.

NONE

1995-09-01

490

Live Fire Test and Evaluation of M113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier Spall Liners.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The M113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Program Manager would like to have the option of fabricating the spall liners from either Kevlar (currently used) or S-2 Glass, to allow competitive procurement. Since spall liners can have a significant impact o...

1993-01-01

491

9 CFR 113.8 - In vitro tests for serial release.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false In vitro tests for serial release. 113.8 Section...immunogenicity using a Qualifying Serial of product. (e) Final...including dose(s) and route of administration. (1) A one stage test... Failures for satisfactory serials Failures for...

2009-01-01

492

9 CFR 113.8 - In vitro tests for serial release.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false In vitro tests for serial release. 113.8 Section...immunogenicity using a Qualifying Serial of product. (e) Final...including dose(s) and route of administration. (1) A one stage test... Failures for satisfactory serials Failures for...

2010-01-01

493

Dried plutonium nitrate decontamination using HNO{sub 3} or Freon 113  

SciTech Connect

A request was made of the Separations Technology Laboratory to perform tests to determine the relative effectiveness of Freon 113 and 18% (3.15M) nitric acid on removing dried plutonium nitrate from Hypalon{reg_sign} gloves destined for use in F B-Line. Freon 113 was very inefficient for removing dried plutonium nitrate under conditions of moderate agitation of the liquid in contact with the dried compound. Nitric acid proved to be an excellent agent for decontaminating purposes for both the gloves and for the Pyrex glass. In tests conducted on the glass or on the gloves on which dried plutonium nitrate had not been removed by Freon 113, followup with nitric acid efficiently removed the residual plutonium nitrate. Tests were also conducted to give some measure of the resistance of the Hypalon glove to continuous contact with 18% HNO{sub 3} or with Freon 113. Following two weeks` immersion, there was little physical difference noted from the starting material, except the glove piece immersed in the Freon underwent an 8% weight gain.

Holcomb, H.P.

1988-02-04

494

Interior building details of Building C, Room C113: historic painted ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building C, Room C-113: historic painted plaster lath partition wall, painted plaster east wall and four light over two light double-hung window; southerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

495

Measurement of Surfactant Concentrations in Freon-113 Solutions by Spinning-Drop Tensiometry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The spinning drop tensiometer has been used as a means of rapidly measuring the quantity of surfactant in Freon-113 solutions. The instrument was evaluated using known solutions of 50 to 2000 ppM surfactant in Freon. The results obtained showed this metho...

J. F. McLaughlin D. P. Harless

1987-01-01

496

A Study of Food and Poverty Among 113 Head Start Children in Missoula, Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the effects of inadequate nutrition upon disadvantaged children involved 113 Head Start children and their families. Information was collected on home diet, socioeconomic data, performance on intelligence tests, hemoglobin levels, class attendance, height, and weight to find out whether or not there was a relationship between nutrition…

Munro, Nancy

497

Preparation and Its Clinical Trial of /Sup 113M/In-Generator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The enriched tin-112 metal up to 83% was used as target material for the preparation of /sup 113m/In-generator. Neutron activation was carried out at TRR (Taiwan Research Reactor) with neutron flux of about 5 x 10 exp 13 n/cm exp 2 /sec for at least 180 d...

T. K. Lin Z. T. Tsai C. S. Luan S. P. Wey S. H. Yeh

1981-01-01

498

Indium phosphide space solar cell research: Where we are and where we are going  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Indium phosphide is considered to be a strong contender for many photovoltaic space applications because of its radiation resistance and its potential for high efficiency. An overview of recent progress is presented, and possible future research directions for indium phosphide space solar cells are discussed. The topics considered include radiation damage studies and space flight experiments.

Jain, R. K.; Flood, D. J.; Weinberg, Irving

1995-01-01

499

Synthesis and use of (polyfluoroaryl)fluoroanions of aluminum, gallium and indium  

DOEpatents

Salts of (polyfluoroaryl)fluoroanions of aluminum, gallium, and indium are described. The (polyfluoroaryl)fluoroanions have the formula [ER'R"R'"F].sup..crclbar. wherein E is aluminum, gallium, or indium, wherein F is fluorine, and wherein R', R", and R'" is each a fluorinated phenyl, fluorinated biphenyl, or fluorinated polycyclic group.

Marks, Tobin J. (Evanston, IL); Chen, You-Xian (Midland, MI)

2000-01-01

500

Novel type of indium oxide thin films sputtering for opto-electronic applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transparent conductive oxide (TCO) thin films play a significant role in recent optical technologies. Displays of various types, photovoltaic systems, and opto-electronic devices use these films as transparent signal electrodes. They are used as heating surfaces and active control layers. Oxides of TCO materials such as: tin, indium, zinc, cadmium, titanium and the like, exhibit their properties. However, indium oxide

G. Golan; A. Axelevitch; B. Gorenstein; A. Peled

2007-01-01