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1

Trimble's GPS Planning Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage from Trimble provides a free download of their GPS planning software. The tool is described as "a powerful stand-alone software tool supporting any form of analysis to determine visibility for GPS, GLONASS, IGSO and geostationary satellites." Features of the software include station location, multi station planning, Sky plots, DOP charts and visible satellites.

2

Individualized Healthcare Plans for the School Nurse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource sets the standard for school nurses concerning the formulation of individualized healthcare plans designed to fit the unique health needs of students. Eighteen chapters focus on special issues and school nursing concepts. Computer software, which accompanies the manual, assists in the development and creation of individualized

American School Health Association (NJ3), 2005

2005-01-01

3

Software Engineering Improvement Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In performance of this task order, bd Systems personnel provided support to the Flight Software Branch and the Software Working Group through multiple tasks related to software engineering improvement and to activities of the independent Technical Authority (iTA) Discipline Technical Warrant Holder (DTWH) for software engineering. To ensure that the products, comments, and recommendations complied with customer requirements and the statement of work, bd Systems personnel maintained close coordination with the customer. These personnel performed work in areas such as update of agency requirements and directives database, software effort estimation, software problem reports, a web-based process asset library, miscellaneous documentation review, software system requirements, issue tracking software survey, systems engineering NPR, and project-related reviews. This report contains a summary of the work performed and the accomplishments in each of these areas.

2006-01-01

4

RELAP-7 SOFTWARE VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION PLAN  

SciTech Connect

This INL plan comprehensively describes the software for RELAP-7 and documents the software, interface, and software design requirements for the application. The plan also describes the testing-based software verification and validation (SV&V) process—a set of specially designed software models used to test RELAP-7.

Smith, Curtis L [Idaho National Laboratory; Choi, Yong-Joon [Idaho National Laboratory; Zou, Ling [Idaho National Laboratory

2014-09-01

5

Payload software technology: Software technology development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Programmatic requirements for the advancement of software technology are identified for meeting the space flight requirements in the 1980 to 1990 time period. The development items are described, and software technology item derivation worksheets are presented along with the cost/time/priority assessments.

1977-01-01

6

Software Engineering Improvement Activities/Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

bd Systems personnel accomplished the technical responsibilities for this reporting period, as planned. A close working relationship was maintained with personnel of the MSFC Avionics Department Software Group (ED14). Work accomplishments included development, evaluation, and enhancement of a software cost model, performing literature search and evaluation of software tools available for code analysis and requirements analysis, and participating in other relevant software engineering activities. Monthly reports were submitted. This support was provided to the Flight Software Group/ED 1 4 in accomplishing the software engineering improvement engineering activities of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Software Engineering Improvement Plan.

2003-01-01

7

Software verification plan for GCS. [guidance and control software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This verification plan is written as part of an experiment designed to study the fundamental characteristics of the software failure process. The experiment will be conducted using several implementations of software that were produced according to industry-standard guidelines, namely the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics RTCA/DO-178A guidelines, Software Consideration in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, for the development of flight software. This plan fulfills the DO-178A requirements for providing instructions on the testing of each implementation of software. The plan details the verification activities to be performed at each phase in the development process, contains a step by step description of the testing procedures, and discusses all of the tools used throughout the verification process.

Dent, Leslie A.; Shagnea, Anita M.; Hayhurst, Kelly J.

1990-01-01

8

GCS plan for software aspects of certification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) research project being sponsored by NASA to evaluate the failure processes of software, standard industry software development procedures are being employed. To ensure that these procedures are authentic, the guidelines outlined in the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA/DO-178A document entitled, software considerations in airborne systems and equipment certification, were adopted. A major aspect of these guidelines is proper documentation. As such, this report, the plan for software aspects of certification, was produced in accordance with DO-178A. An overview is given of the GCS research project, including the goals of the project, project organization, and project schedules. It also specifies the plans for all aspects of the project which relate to the certification of the GCS implementations developed under a NASA contract. These plans include decisions made regarding the software specification, accuracy requirements, configuration management, implementation development and verification, and the development of the GCS simulator.

Shagnea, Anita M.; Lowman, Douglas S.; Withers, B. Edward

1990-01-01

9

A Software System for Modeling Jobs and People Characteristics to Help Optimize Individual and Organizational Objectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a critical need for the development of a general utility software package which would permit both policy capturing and policy specifying analyses through modeling of individual people characteristics and job properties (work states). Such software should be functional at multiple levels of abstraction: at an operational level, for person-job matching, and at an organizational planning level for executive

Joe H. Ward; J. L. Mitchell; J. J. Weissmuller; David S. Vaughan

10

A Review of Current Computer Software for the Development of Individualized Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews computer software designed for the development, management, and updating of Individual Educational Plans (IEPs) for disabled students. Selection criteria required that the software perform multiple tasks related to the writing of IEPs, be appropriate for use in a medium-sized school district, and be appropriate for a severely…

Munger, Gail

11

Planning the Software Industrial Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author traces the US history of invention and technology transfer from the 1700s to the present and asks whether software development can stop being a process-centered cottage industry by the application of interchangeable parts technology. He maintains that a revolution is needed to accomplish this and outlines the steps of such a revolution. The author clarifies the meaning of

Brad J. Cox

1990-01-01

12

HotSpot Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the software configuration management procedures used to ensure that the HotSpot dispersion model meets the requirements of its user base, which includes: (1) Users of the PC version of HotSpot for consequence assessment, hazard assessment and safety analysis calculations; and (2) Users of the NARAC Web and iClient software tools, which allow users to run HotSpot for consequence assessment modeling These users and sponsors of the HotSpot software and the organizations they represent constitute the intended audience for this document. This plan is intended to meet Critical Recommendations 1 and 3 from the Software Evaluation of HotSpot and DOE Safety Software Toolbox Recommendation for inclusion of HotSpot in the Department of Energy (DOE) Safety Software Toolbox. HotSpot software is maintained for the Department of Energy Office of Emergency Operations by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). An overview of HotSpot and NARAC are provided.

Walker, H; Homann, S G

2009-03-12

13

Automated software engineering planning with SASEA  

SciTech Connect

Planning for effective software engineering is not easy, and software project managers would usually welcome assistance in this area. Very effective assistance could be provided by automated tools that are decision aids. However, a comprehensive suite of such tools does not yet exist. One area that has been addressed is the selection of a programming language. This paper discusses in detail a decision tool that has been developed for language selection. It also addresses the areas in which other such tools are required.

Lawlis, P.K. [C.J. Kemp Systems, Inc., Fairborn, OH (United States); Hoffman, C.L. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.

1998-07-01

14

HotSpot Software Test Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Test Plan (STP) describes the procedures used to verify and validate that the HotSpot Health Physics Codes meet the requirements of its user base, which includes: (1) Users of the PC version of HotSpot conducting consequence assessment, hazard assessment and safety analysis calculations; and (2) Users of the NARAC Web and iClient software tools, which allow users to run HotSpot for consequence assessment modeling. This plan is intended to meet Critical Recommendation 2 from the Software Evaluation of HotSpot and DOE Safety Software Toolbox Recommendation for inclusion of HotSpot in the Department of Energy (DOE) Safety Software Toolbox. These users and sponsors of the HotSpot software and the organizations they represent constitute the intended audience for this document. HotSpot software is maintained for the Department of Energy Office of Emergency Operations by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). An overview of HotSpot and NARAC are provided.

Walker, H; Homann, S G

2009-03-12

15

Acceptance Test Plan for ANSYS Software  

SciTech Connect

This plan governs the acceptance testing of the ANSYS software (Full Mechanical Release 5.5) for use on Project Word Management Contract (PHMC) computer systems (either UNIX or Microsoft Windows/NT). There are two phases to the acceptance testing covered by this test plan: program execution in accordance with the guidance provided in installation manuals; and ensuring results of the execution are consistent with the expected physical behavior of the system being modeled.

CREA, B.A.

2000-10-25

16

SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This project is being conducted at the request of the DOE and the NRC. The INL has been requested by the NRC to improve and maintain the Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluation (SAPHIRE) tool set concurrent with the changing needs of the user community as well as staying current with new technologies. Successful completion will be upon NRC approved release of all software and accompanying documentation in a timely fashion. This project will enhance the SAPHIRE tool set for the user community (NRC, Nuclear Power Plant operations, Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA) model developers) by providing improved Common Cause Failure (CCF), External Events, Level 2, and Significance Determination Process (SDP) analysis capabilities. The SAPHIRE development team at the Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for successful completion of this project. The project is under the supervision of Curtis L. Smith, PhD, Technical Lead for the SAPHIRE application. All current capabilities from SAPHIRE version 7 will be maintained in SAPHIRE 8. The following additional capabilities will be incorporated: • Incorporation of SPAR models for the SDP interface. • Improved quality assurance activities for PRA calculations of SAPHIRE Version 8. • Continue the current activities for code maintenance, documentation, and user support for the code.

Curtis L.Smith; Ted S. Wood

2010-03-01

17

Individualized Healthcare Plans (IHP). Position Statement. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that students whose healthcare needs affect or have the potential to affect safe and optimal school attendance and academic performance require the professional school nurse to write an Individualized Healthcare Plan (IHP), in collaboration with the student, family, educators,…

National Association of School Nurses (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

18

Readability Levels of Individualized Family Service Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study examined the readability levels of Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSPs). The readability of 85 de-identified IFSP documents developed by seven agencies that serve families and children enrolled in a county early intervention program was analyzed using Flesch Kincaid grade levels and Flesch reading ease scores. The…

Pizur-Barnekow, Kris; Patrick, Timothy; Rhyner, Paula M.; Folk, Lillian; Anderson, Kara

2010-01-01

19

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

2012-10-01

20

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

2013-10-01

21

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

2011-10-01

22

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

2010-10-01

23

Evaluation of OPEN PLAN software: Final report  

SciTech Connect

In fulfilling the objectives of the contract to evaluate the suitability of the OPEN PLAN software system to process existing Environmental Restoration (ER) data, Jacobs Engineering Group (JEG) divided the effort into seven discrete tasks. Overall results of the tasks performed demonstrated that OPEN PLAN could be used in conjunction with the currently used TIMELINE to provide resource leveling and meet all reporting requirements. The OPEN PLAN report generator could automatically produce reports which were equivalent to existing ER cost reports being produced manually or by spreadsheet. User documentation was provided and on-site training was performed. The result of the cost and schedule tracking support was the creation of new spreadsheet based reports using TIMELINE and LOTUS 1-2-3. Some additional modifications may need to be made to incorporate installation specific needs as well as any changes in reporting requirements.

Not Available

1991-03-05

24

Software configuration management plan for HANDI 2000 business management system  

SciTech Connect

The Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the configuration management and control environment for HANDI 2000 for the PP and PS software, as well as any custom developed software. This plan establishes requirements and processes for uniform documentation and coordination of HANDI 2000. This SCMP becomes effective as of this document's acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts.

BENNION, S.I.

1999-02-10

25

SAPHIRE 8 Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The INL software developers use version control for both the formally released SAPHIRE versions, as well as for source code. For each formal release of the software, the developers perform an acceptance test: the software must pass a suite of automated tests prior to official release. Each official release of SAPHIRE is assigned a unique version identifier. The release is bundled into a standard installation package for easy and consistent set-up by individual users. Included in the release is a list of bug fixes and new features for the current release, as well as a history of those items for past releases. Each formal release of SAPHIRE will have passed an acceptance test. In addition to assignment of a unique version identifier for an official software release, each source code file is kept in a controlled library. Source code is a collection of all the computer instructions written by developers to create the finished product. The library is kept on a server, where back-ups are regularly made. This document describes the configuration management approach used as part of the SAPHIRE development.

Curtis Smith

2010-01-01

26

42 CFR 456.80 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the individual must establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses... (v) Social services; (vi) Diet; (4) Plans for continuing care, as...

2010-10-01

27

42 CFR 456.80 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the individual must establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses... (v) Social services; (vi) Diet; (4) Plans for continuing care, as...

2011-10-01

28

Decision support software technology demonstration plan  

SciTech Connect

The performance evaluation of innovative and alternative environmental technologies is an integral part of the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) mission. Early efforts focused on evaluating technologies that supported the implementation of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. In 1986 the Agency began to demonstrate and evaluate the cost and performance of remediation and monitoring technologies under the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program (in response to the mandate in the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA)). In 1990, the US Technology Policy was announced. This policy placed a renewed emphasis on making the best use of technology in achieving the national goals of improved quality of life for all Americans, continued economic growth, and national security. In the spirit of the technology policy, the Agency began to direct a portion of its resources toward the promotion, recognition, acceptance, and use of US-developed innovative environmental technologies both domestically and abroad. Decision Support Software (DSS) packages integrate environmental data and simulation models into a framework for making site characterization, monitoring, and cleanup decisions. To limit the scope which will be addressed in this demonstration, three endpoints have been selected for evaluation: Visualization; Sample Optimization; and Cost/Benefit Analysis. Five topics are covered in this report: the objectives of the demonstration; the elements of the demonstration plan; an overview of the Site Characterization and Monitoring Technology Pilot; an overview of the technology verification process; and the purpose of this demonstration plan.

SULLIVAN,T.; ARMSTRONG,A.

1998-09-01

29

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client/server ATMS software.

Weidert, R.S., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-05-20

30

Guidance and Control Software Project Data - Volume 1: Planning Documents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project was the last in a series of software reliability studies conducted at Langley Research Center between 1977 and 1994. The technical results of the GCS project were recorded after the experiment was completed. Some of the support documentation produced as part of the experiment, however, is serving an unexpected role far beyond its original project context. Some of the software used as part of the GCS project was developed to conform to the RTCA/DO-178B software standard, "Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification," used in the civil aviation industry. That standard requires extensive documentation throughout the software development life cycle, including plans, software requirements, design and source code, verification cases and results, and configuration management and quality control data. The project documentation that includes this information is open for public scrutiny without the legal or safety implications associated with comparable data from an avionics manufacturer. This public availability has afforded an opportunity to use the GCS project documents for DO-178B training. This report provides a brief overview of the GCS project, describes the 4-volume set of documents and the role they are playing in training, and includes the planning documents from the GCS project. Volume 1 contains five appendices: A. Plan for Software Aspects of Certification for the Guidance and Control Software Project; B. Software Development Standards for the Guidance and Control Software Project; C. Software Verification Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; D. Software Configuration Management Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; and E. Software Quality Assurance Activities.

Hayhurst, Kelly J. (Editor)

2008-01-01

31

Tank monitor and control system (TMACS) software configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the methodology for control of computer software developed and supported by the Systems Development and Integration (SD and I) organization of Lockheed Martin Services, Inc. (LMSI) for the Tank Monitor and Control System (TMACS). This plan controls changes to the software and configuration files used by TMACS. The controlled software includes the Gensym software package, Gensym knowledge base files developed for TMACS, C-language programs used by TMACS, the operating system on the production machine, language compilers, and all Windows NT commands and functions which affect the operating environment. The configuration files controlled include the files downloaded to the Acromag and Westronic field instruments.

GLASSCOCK, J.A.

1999-05-13

32

Software components for medical image visualization and surgical planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose: The development of new applications in medical image visualization and surgical planning requires the completion of many common tasks such as image reading and re-sampling, segmentation, volume rendering, and surface display. Intra-operative use requires an interface to a tracking system and image registration, and the application requires basic, easy to understand user interface components. Rapid changes in computer and end-application hardware, as well as in operating systems and network environments make it desirable to have a hardware and operating system as an independent collection of reusable software components that can be assembled rapidly to prototype new applications. Methods: Using the OpenGL based Visualization Toolkit as a base, we have developed a set of components that implement the above mentioned tasks. The components are written in both C++ and Python, but all are accessible from Python, a byte compiled scripting language. The components have been used on the Red Hat Linux, Silicon Graphics Iris, Microsoft Windows, and Apple OS X platforms. Rigorous object-oriented software design methods have been applied to ensure hardware independence and a standard application programming interface (API). There are components to acquire, display, and register images from MRI, MRA, CT, Computed Rotational Angiography (CRA), Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA), 2D and 3D ultrasound, video and physiological recordings. Interfaces to various tracking systems for intra-operative use have also been implemented. Results: The described components have been implemented and tested. To date they have been used to create image manipulation and viewing tools, a deep brain functional atlas, a 3D ultrasound acquisition and display platform, a prototype minimally invasive robotic coronary artery bypass graft planning system, a tracked neuro-endoscope guidance system and a frame-based stereotaxy neurosurgery planning tool. The frame-based stereotaxy module has been licensed and certified for use in a commercial image guidance system. Conclusions: It is feasible to encapsulate image manipulation and surgical guidance tasks in individual, reusable software modules. These modules allow for faster development of new applications. The strict application of object oriented software design methods allows individual components of such a system to make the transition from the research environment to a commercial one.

Starreveld, Yves P.; Gobbi, David G.; Finnis, Kirk; Peters, Terence M.

2001-05-01

33

Coordination of Individual and Organizational Planning for Natural Hazards (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Decision making consists of constructing or selecting a plan. This is true at many levels of decision making: individuals or households, small groups, larger organizations, and governments. In each case, plans are constructed or selected taking account of the decision maker's prioritized set of active goals and the decision maker's beliefs about the probability or the extent to which each goal will be attained through a given plan. Planning for mitigation of or response to natural hazards can be improved if the plans of the many decision makers at multiple levels are coordinated. Government planning should ideally be informed by knowledge about the plans of businesses and non-profit organizations as well as knowledge about individual, household, and neighborhood plans. Similarly, plans at the individual and organizational levels should be informed by knowledge of others' plans at the same and at higher and lower levels of aggregation. Coordination can be impaired by differences in goals, differences in beliefs about the instrumentality of plans toward given goals, and also by ignorance of others' goals and plans. Good coordination requires incentives that promote sharing of plans, horizontally and vertically, and that alleviate conflicts in goals and conflicts in beliefs that will inevitably surface once plans are shared. Thus, four different kinds of decision aids are needed to improve natural hazard planning: mechanisms that support horizontal dissemination of plans, mechanisms that support vertical dissemination, mechanisms for examining goal conflicts and reducing these through plans that take others' goals into account, and mechanisms for examining belief conflicts.

Krantz, D. H.

2013-12-01

34

75 FR 30387 - Improving Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and Procedures for...system expansion planning models and software. The technical conference will be held...Technical Conference on Planning Models and Software Federal Energy Regulatory...

2010-06-01

35

77 FR 50727 - Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power...Management Plan for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power...enhanced consensus practices for planning software configuration management (SCM) as...

2012-08-22

36

ICESat (GLAS) Science Processing Software Document Series. Volume 1; Science Software Management Plan; 3.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document provides the Software Management Plan for the GLAS Standard Data Software (SDS) supporting the GLAS instrument of the EOS ICESat Spacecraft. The SDS encompasses the ICESat Science Investigator-led Processing System (I-SIPS) Software and the Instrument Support Terminal (IST) Software. For the I-SIPS Software, the SDS will produce Level 0, Level 1, and Level 2 data products as well as the associated product quality assessments and descriptive information. For the IST Software, the SDS will accommodate the GLAS instrument support areas of engineering status, command, performance assessment, and instrument health status.

Hancock, David W., III

1999-01-01

37

Proposed Department of Defense software metrics implementation plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report presents a proposed plan for DOD implementation of software metrics in support of acquisition reform and improved software risk management. The report documents the concluding phase of a one-year task to assess software metrics and to determine how to improve their use in software acquisition, particularly of weapon system software. An earlier effort surveyed the state of development and use of software metrics in industry and defense organizations. This survey found (1) that industry is strongly committed to using software metrics in a corporate-wide approach to gain marketplace advantages, and (2) that defense contractors exhibit a state of evolution in metrics use that is comparable to that of strictly commercial companies, if not more mature. The overall vision of the proposed plan is to establish a department-wide, bottom-to-top corporate approach for collecting and using software metrics to improve analysis and decision-making in software acquisition and risk management. Acquisition reform and the need for improved risk management should provide more specific goals to address under this vision, comparable to industry's goals of marketplace benefits from using software metrics. The plan is framed as eight specific recommendations, including a list of future research and development work that would support their implementation.

Fife, Dennis W.; Popelas, Judy M.; Springsteen, Beth

1994-09-01

38

Spacecraft Trajectory Analysis and Mission Planning Simulation (STAMPS) Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

STAMPS simulates either three- or six-degree-of-freedom cases for all spacecraft flight phases using translated HAL flight software or generic GN&C models. Single or multiple trajectories can be simulated for use in optimization and dispersion analysis. It includes math models for the vehicle and environment, and currently features a "C" version of shuttle onboard flight software. The STAMPS software is used for mission planning and analysis within ascent/descent, rendezvous, proximity operations, and navigation flight design areas.

Puckett, Nancy; Pettinger, Kris; Hallstrom,John; Brownfield, Dana; Blinn, Eric; Williams, Frank; Wiuff, Kelli; McCarty, Steve; Ramirez, Daniel; Lamotte, Nicole; Vu, Tuan

2014-01-01

39

Using Artificial Intelligence Planning Techniques to Automatically Reconfigure Software Modules  

E-print Network

Using Artificial Intelligence Planning Techniques to Automatically Reconfigure Software Modules in a declarative language based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) Planning techniques. The user is then able 1 , Tara Estlin 1 , XueMei Wang 3 1 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

Schaffer, Steven

40

NEAMS SOFTWARE V&V PLAN FOR THE MARMOT SOFTWARE  

SciTech Connect

In order to ensure the accuracy and quality of the microstructure based materials models being developed in conjunction with MARMOT simulations, MARMOT must undergo exhaustive verification and validation. Only after this process can we confidently rely on the MARMOT code to predict the microstructure evolution within the fuel. Therefore, in this report we lay out a V&V plan for the MARMOT code, highlighting where existing data could be used and where new data is required.

Michael R Tonks

2014-03-01

41

Status of Individuals' Planning to Prepare for Retirement in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted in Ankara province for the purpose of examining the status of planning in preparation for retirement as an individual and as a family of individuals who show differences in educational level. Individuals who lived in Ankara province, who were 3 years from retirement according to age limit, and who had social security…

Gunay, Gulay; Bener, Ozgun

2008-01-01

42

Youth Individual Development Accounts: Retirement Planning Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the growing interest in a privatized Social Security system and the lack of adequate retirement planning among many people in the United States, many households are often ill prepared for retirement. The outlook for low-income populations is even bleaker because they are often not privy to the same financial education and asset-building…

Shobe, Marcia A.; Sturm, Stephanie L.

2007-01-01

43

75 FR 45623 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice Establishing Date for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice Establishing Date for Comments...technical conferences regarding models and software related to wholesale electricity markets...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software, 75 FR 27,341...

2010-08-03

44

SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

SciTech Connect

SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

Rae J. Nims

2009-04-01

45

SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

SciTech Connect

SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

Rae J. Nims; Kent M. Norris

2010-02-01

46

78 FR 37598 - Missing Participants in Individual Account Plans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...electronic filing, and the contours of diligent search requirements. DATES: Comments must be received...plan administrator cannot locate after a diligent search.'' What ``diligent search'' requirements should apply for individual...

2013-06-21

47

BISON Software V&V Plan  

SciTech Connect

The primary vision for the BISON development team is to deliver a nuclear fuel performance simulation tool that is used to provide a researcher or fuel designer with best estimate calculations of the highly coupled and nonlinear phenomena that govern nuclear fuel behavior. Accurately simulating nuclear fuel behavior is a challenging computational undertaking and verification and validation (V&V) play an important role in realizing this vision. The purpose of this V&V plan is to express the BISON team’s definition of the terms verification and validation, document what we have done regarding V&V, and outline what we plan to do.

R. L. Williamson; J. D. Hales; D. M. Perez; S. R. Novascone; G. Pastore

2014-07-01

48

Web Application Software for Ground Operations Planning Database (GOPDb) Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Web application facilitates collaborative development of the ground operations planning document. This will reduce costs and development time for new programs by incorporating the data governance, access control, and revision tracking of the ground operations planning data. Ground Operations Planning requires the creation and maintenance of detailed timelines and documentation. The GOPDb Web application was created using state-of-the-art Web 2.0 technologies, and was deployed as SaaS (Software as a Service), with an emphasis on data governance and security needs. Application access is managed using two-factor authentication, with data write permissions tied to user roles and responsibilities. Multiple instances of the application can be deployed on a Web server to meet the robust needs for multiple, future programs with minimal additional cost. This innovation features high availability and scalability, with no additional software that needs to be bought or installed. For data governance and security (data quality, management, business process management, and risk management for data handling), the software uses NAMS. No local copy/cloning of data is permitted. Data change log/tracking is addressed, as well as collaboration, work flow, and process standardization. The software provides on-line documentation and detailed Web-based help. There are multiple ways that this software can be deployed on a Web server to meet ground operations planning needs for future programs. The software could be used to support commercial crew ground operations planning, as well as commercial payload/satellite ground operations planning. The application source code and database schema are owned by NASA.

Lanham, Clifton; Kallner, Shawn; Gernand, Jeffrey

2013-01-01

49

UGA Computer Equipment, Software or Services (CESS) Request Form Individual Responsible for CESS Resource and Location  

E-print Network

UGA Computer Equipment, Software or Services (CESS) Request Form Individual Responsible for CESS to install and utilize these resources in a manner consistent with established University Computer Security

Arnold, Jonathan

50

Software configuration management plan for the Hanford site technical database  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Technical Database (HSTD) is used as the repository/source for the technical requirements baseline and programmatic data input via the Hanford Site and major Hanford Project Systems Engineering (SE) activities. The Hanford Site SE effort has created an integrated technical baseline for the Hanford Site that supports SE processes at the Site and project levels which is captured in the HSTD. The HSTD has been implemented in Ascent Logic Corporation (ALC) Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) package referred to as the Requirements Driven Design (RDD) software. This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) provides a process and means to control and manage software upgrades to the HSTD system.

GRAVES, N.J.

1999-05-10

51

Software reuse in spacecraft planning and scheduling systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of a software toolkit and development methodology that supports software reuse is described. The toolkit includes source-code-level library modules and stand-alone tools which support such tasks as data reformatting and report generation, simple relational database applications, user interfaces, tactical planning, strategic planning and documentation. The current toolkit is written in C and supports applications that run on IBM-PC's under DOS and UNlX-based workstations under OpenLook and Motif. The toolkit is fully integrated for building scheduling systems that reuse AI knowledge base technology. A typical scheduling scenario and three examples of applications that utilize the reuse toolkit will be briefly described. In addition to the tools themselves, a description of the software evolution and reuse methodology that was used is presented.

Mclean, David; Tuchman, Alan; Broseghini, Todd; Yen, Wen; Page, Brenda; Johnson, Jay; Bogovich, Lynn; Burkhardt, Chris; Mcintyre, James; Klein, Scott

1993-01-01

52

Goal Planning with Developmentally Disabled Persons: Procedures for Developing an Individualized Client Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlined in the workbook are workshops designed for training front-line staff in writing individualized client plans for developmentally disabled persons. It is noted that workshops are taught by audio tape along with an associate instructor in small groups of four to eight individuals. Stressed are four basic goal planning strategies: involving…

Houts, Peter S.; Scott, Robert A.

53

75 FR 27341 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software...market and planning efficiency through improved software...allow more realistic power system market models...tool for improving the efficiency of electricity market...for example, wind and solar), demand...

2010-05-14

54

Liver Planning Software Accurately Predicts Postoperative Liver Volume and Measures Early  

E-print Network

Liver Planning Software Accurately Predicts Postoperative Liver Volume and Measures Early or remnant liver volume (RLV) after hepatic resection is a critical predictor of perioperative outcomes. This study investigates whether the accuracy of liver surgical plan- ning software for predicting

Miga, Michael I.

55

78 FR 47014 - Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Validation, Reviews, and Audits for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Revision 1 of RG 1.170, ``Test Documentation for Digital Computer Software used in...

2013-08-02

56

78 FR 31916 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Supplemental Agenda Notice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Supplemental Agenda Notice Take notice...day-ahead market efficiency through improved software. A detailed agenda with the list of...diverse experts from public utilities, the software industry, government, research...

2013-05-28

57

76 FR 28022 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical Conference: Increasing...Ahead Market Efficiency Through Improved Software Take notice that Commission staff will...day-ahead market efficiency through improved software. This conference will bring...

2011-05-13

58

75 FR 30010 - Improving Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and Procedures for...discuss issues related to unit commitment software. The technical conference will be held...Technical Conference on Unit Commitment Software Federal Energy Regulatory...

2010-05-28

59

Synthesis of Individual Transition Plans: Format and Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a prototype Individual Transition Plan (ITP) process and format for students receiving special education services. Following an overview of the role of transition, a section on the ITP process discusses pre-meeting activities, conducting an ITP meeting, monitoring and evaluating the ITP meeting, and a rationale for the…

La Mar, Kathleen; Rosenberg, Bill

60

The Individual Education Plan: A Gendered Assessment Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this study is gendered differences and similarities in the distribution of individual education plan (IEP) targets given to pupils in Swedish schools. IEP writing is seen as part of teachers' formal assessment practice. Through qualitative content analysis of data, two main target types emerged: "learning targets," related to school…

Hirsh, Asa

2012-01-01

61

Repository-Based Software Engineering Program: Working Program Management Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Repository-Based Software Engineering Program (RBSE) is a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sponsored program dedicated to introducing and supporting common, effective approaches to software engineering practices. The process of conceiving, designing, building, and maintaining software systems by using existing software assets that are stored in a specialized operational reuse library or repository, accessible to system designers, is the foundation of the program. In addition to operating a software repository, RBSE promotes (1) software engineering technology transfer, (2) academic and instructional support of reuse programs, (3) the use of common software engineering standards and practices, (4) software reuse technology research, and (5) interoperability between reuse libraries. This Program Management Plan (PMP) is intended to communicate program goals and objectives, describe major work areas, and define a management report and control process. This process will assist the Program Manager, University of Houston at Clear Lake (UHCL) in tracking work progress and describing major program activities to NASA management. The goal of this PMP is to make managing the RBSE program a relatively easy process that improves the work of all team members. The PMP describes work areas addressed and work efforts being accomplished by the program; however, it is not intended as a complete description of the program. Its focus is on providing management tools and management processes for monitoring, evaluating, and administering the program; and it includes schedules for charting milestones and deliveries of program products. The PMP was developed by soliciting and obtaining guidance from appropriate program participants, analyzing program management guidance, and reviewing related program management documents.

1993-01-01

62

Space Station Mission Planning Study (MPS) development study. Volume 3: Software development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software development plan is presented for the definition, design, and implementation of the Space Station (SS) Payload Mission Planning System (MPS). This plan is an evolving document and must be updated periodically as the SS design and operations concepts as well as the SS MPS concept evolve. The major segments of this plan are as follows: an overview of the SS MPS and a description of its required capabilities including the computer programs identified as configurable items with an explanation of the place and function of each within the system; an overview of the project plan and a detailed description of each development project activity breaking each into lower level tasks where applicable; identification of the resources required and recommendations for the manner in which they should be utilized including recommended schedules and estimated manpower requirements; and a description of the practices, standards, and techniques recommended for the SS MPS Software (SW) development.

Klus, W. L.

1987-01-01

63

Development of an impairment-based individualized treatment workflow using an iPad-based software platform.  

PubMed

Individuals with language and cognitive deficits following brain damage likely require long-term rehabilitation. Consequently, it is a huge practical problem to provide the continued communication therapy that these individuals require. The present project describes the development of an impairment-based individualized treatment workflow using a software platform called Constant Therapy. This article is organized into two sections. We will first describe the general methods of the treatment workflow for patients involved in this study. There are four steps in this process: (1) the patient's impairment is assessed using standardized tests, (2) the patient is assigned a specific and individualized treatment plan, (3) the patient practices the therapy at home and at the clinic, and (4) the clinician and the patient can analyze the results of the patient's performance remotely and monitor and alter the treatment plan accordingly. The second section provides four case studies that provide a representative sample of participants progressing through their individualized treatment plan. The preliminary results of the patient treatment provide encouraging evidence for the feasibility of a rehabilitation program for individuals with brain damage based on the iPad (Apple Inc., Cupertino, CA). PMID:24449464

Kiran, Swathi; Des Roches, Carrie; Balachandran, Isabel; Ascenso, Elsa

2014-02-01

64

The interactive effects of individual learning style, computer software, and teacher involvement on developing typing skill  

E-print Network

This research examines the effects and interactions of an individual's learning style, the type of computer software, and the level of teacher involvement on students learning how to type on a computer keyboard. The research was conducted in the San...

Goodman, Sarina Renae

1995-01-01

65

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan : ASC software quality engineering practices Version 3.0.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. Quality is defined in the US Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Agency (DOE/NNSA) Quality Criteria, Revision 10 (QC-1) as 'conformance to customer requirements and expectations'. This quality plan defines the SNL ASC Program software quality engineering (SQE) practices and provides a mapping of these practices to the SNL Corporate Process Requirement (CPR) 001.3.6; 'Corporate Software Engineering Excellence'. This plan also identifies ASC management's and the software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals. This SNL ASC Software Quality Plan establishes the signatories commitments to improving software products by applying cost-effective SQE practices. This plan enumerates the SQE practices that comprise the development of SNL ASC's software products and explains the project teams opportunities for tailoring and implementing the practices.

Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Pilch, Martin M.

2009-01-01

66

42 CFR 456.380 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...physician must establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— ...Social services; (vii) Diet; and (viii) Special procedures...to meet the objectives of the plan of care; (5) Plans...

2010-10-01

67

42 CFR 456.380 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...physician must establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— ...Social services; (vii) Diet; and (viii) Special procedures...to meet the objectives of the plan of care; (5) Plans...

2011-10-01

68

42 CFR 422.52 - Eligibility to elect an MA plan for special needs individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Eligibility to elect an MA plan for special needs individuals. 422...Enrollment § 422.52 Eligibility to elect an MA plan for special needs individuals. ...rule. In order to elect a specialized MA plan for a special needs individual...

2010-10-01

69

Genetic Programming as Alternative for Predicting Development Effort of Individual Software Projects  

PubMed Central

Statistical and genetic programming techniques have been used to predict the software development effort of large software projects. In this paper, a genetic programming model was used for predicting the effort required in individually developed projects. Accuracy obtained from a genetic programming model was compared against one generated from the application of a statistical regression model. A sample of 219 projects developed by 71 practitioners was used for generating the two models, whereas another sample of 130 projects developed by 38 practitioners was used for validating them. The models used two kinds of lines of code as well as programming language experience as independent variables. Accuracy results from the model obtained with genetic programming suggest that it could be used to predict the software development effort of individual projects when these projects have been developed in a disciplined manner within a development-controlled environment. PMID:23226305

Chavoya, Arturo; Lopez-Martin, Cuauhtemoc; Andalon-Garcia, Irma R.; Meda-Campaña, M. E.

2012-01-01

70

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

SciTech Connect

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-20

71

Prototype Software for a Federal Planning Model for Analysis of Accessibility to Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the prototype software resulting from an initial research effort in the development of a comprehensive national planning model for higher education. The software for the prototype model requires as input existing or derivable institutional and student data and is designed to permit prototype planning studies to examine the…

Weldon, Kent; Huckfeldt, Vaughn

72

PLANNING PRODUCT SOFTWARE EXPORT - A METHOD TO IDENTIFY OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS IN NEW GEOGRAPHICAL MARKETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product software export can be an attractive option for small and medium sized IT-companies operating in small local markets. In practice however, little support is offered for specifically those type of companies to support strategic preparation and to enable thorough export planning. The central aim of this paper is to present a Product Software Export Planning Method (PSEPM) that supports

Johan Versendaal; Ronald Batenburg; Sjaak Brinkkemper

73

42 CFR 456.180 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...physician must establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— ...Social services; (vii) Diet; and (viii) Special...safety of the patient; (5) Plans for continuing care,...

2010-10-01

74

42 CFR 456.180 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...physician must establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— ...Social services; (vii) Diet; and (viii) Special...safety of the patient; (5) Plans for continuing care,...

2011-10-01

75

ICESat (GLAS) Science Processing Software Document Series. Volume 2; Science Data Management Plan; 4.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document provides the Data Management Plan for the GLAS Standard Data Software (SDS) supporting the GLAS instrument of the EOS ICESat Spacecraft. The SDS encompasses the ICESat Science Investigator-led Processing System (I-SIPS) Software and the Instrument Support Facility (ISF) Software. This Plan addresses the identification, authority, and description of the interface nodes associated with the GLAS Standard Data Products and the GLAS Ancillary Data.

Jester, Peggy L.; Hancock, David W., III

1999-01-01

76

Individualization of piperacillin dosing for critically ill patients: dosing software to optimize antimicrobial therapy.  

PubMed

Piperacillin-tazobactam is frequently used for empirical and targeted therapy of infections in critically ill patients. Considerable pharmacokinetic (PK) variability is observed in critically ill patients. By estimating an individual's PK, dosage optimization Bayesian estimation techniques can be used to calculate the appropriate piperacillin regimen to achieve desired drug exposure targets. The aim of this study was to establish a population PK model for piperacillin in critically ill patients and then analyze the performance of the model in the dose optimization software program BestDose. Linear, with estimated creatinine clearance and weight as covariates, Michaelis-Menten (MM) and parallel linear/MM structural models were fitted to the data from 146 critically ill patients with nosocomial infection. Piperacillin concentrations measured in the first dosing interval, from each of 8 additional individuals, combined with the population model were embedded into the dose optimization software. The impact of the number of observations was assessed. Precision was assessed by (i) the predicted piperacillin dosage and by (ii) linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations from the second 24 h of treatment. We found that a linear clearance model with creatinine clearance and weight as covariates for drug clearance and volume of distribution, respectively, best described the observed data. When there were at least two observed piperacillin concentrations, the dose optimization software predicted a mean piperacillin dosage of 4.02 g in the 8 patients administered piperacillin doses of 4.00 g. Linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations for 8 individuals after 24 h of piperacillin dosing demonstrated an r(2) of >0.89. In conclusion, for most critically ill patients, individualized piperacillin regimens delivering a target serum piperacillin concentration is achievable. Further validation of the dosage optimization software in a clinical trial is required. PMID:24798288

Felton, T W; Roberts, J A; Lodise, T P; Van Guilder, M; Boselli, E; Neely, M N; Hope, W W

2014-07-01

77

Individualization of Piperacillin Dosing for Critically Ill Patients: Dosing Software To Optimize Antimicrobial Therapy  

PubMed Central

Piperacillin-tazobactam is frequently used for empirical and targeted therapy of infections in critically ill patients. Considerable pharmacokinetic (PK) variability is observed in critically ill patients. By estimating an individual's PK, dosage optimization Bayesian estimation techniques can be used to calculate the appropriate piperacillin regimen to achieve desired drug exposure targets. The aim of this study was to establish a population PK model for piperacillin in critically ill patients and then analyze the performance of the model in the dose optimization software program BestDose. Linear, with estimated creatinine clearance and weight as covariates, Michaelis-Menten (MM) and parallel linear/MM structural models were fitted to the data from 146 critically ill patients with nosocomial infection. Piperacillin concentrations measured in the first dosing interval, from each of 8 additional individuals, combined with the population model were embedded into the dose optimization software. The impact of the number of observations was assessed. Precision was assessed by (i) the predicted piperacillin dosage and by (ii) linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations from the second 24 h of treatment. We found that a linear clearance model with creatinine clearance and weight as covariates for drug clearance and volume of distribution, respectively, best described the observed data. When there were at least two observed piperacillin concentrations, the dose optimization software predicted a mean piperacillin dosage of 4.02 g in the 8 patients administered piperacillin doses of 4.00 g. Linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations for 8 individuals after 24 h of piperacillin dosing demonstrated an r2 of >0.89. In conclusion, for most critically ill patients, individualized piperacillin regimens delivering a target serum piperacillin concentration is achievable. Further validation of the dosage optimization software in a clinical trial is required. PMID:24798288

Felton, T. W.; Roberts, J. A.; Lodise, T. P.; Van Guilder, M.; Boselli, E.; Neely, M. N.

2014-01-01

78

The Nature and Use of Individualized Learning Plans as a Promising Career Intervention Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individualized learning plans (ILPs) are being implemented in high schools throughout the United States as strategic planning tools that help students align course plans with career aspirations and often include the development of postsecondary plans. Initial indications are that ILPs may be an important method for helping students achieve both…

Solberg, V. Scott; Phelps, L. Allen; Haakenson, Kristin A.; Durham, Julie F.; Timmons, Joe

2012-01-01

79

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan. Part 1: ASC software quality engineering practices, Version 2.0.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR 1.3.2 and 1.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

Sturtevant, Judith E.; Heaphy, Robert; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr. (,; .); Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

2006-09-01

80

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan part 2 mappings for the ASC software quality engineering practices, version 2.0.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR001.3.2 and CPR001.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, ''ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines''. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams' responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

Heaphy, Robert; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr. (,; .); Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

2006-09-01

81

Managing by Objectives through the Planning-Implementing-Evaluating (PIE) Approach to Individualizing Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the management by objectives principle as it can be usefully applied to individualizing instruction, particularly as it capitalizes on Thota's planning, implementing, and evaluating model. (RAO)

Thota, Vykuntapathi

1979-01-01

82

26 CFR 1.408-8 - Distribution requirements for individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Distribution requirements for individual retirement...Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.408-8 Distribution requirements for individual retirement...questions and answers relate to the distribution rules for IRAs provided in...

2013-04-01

83

26 CFR 1.408-8 - Distribution requirements for individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Distribution requirements for individual retirement...Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.408-8 Distribution requirements for individual retirement...questions and answers relate to the distribution rules for IRAs provided in...

2010-04-01

84

26 CFR 1.408-8 - Distribution requirements for individual retirement plans.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Distribution requirements for individual retirement...Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.408-8 Distribution requirements for individual retirement...questions and answers relate to the distribution rules for IRAs provided in...

2014-04-01

85

26 CFR 1.408-8 - Distribution requirements for individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Distribution requirements for individual retirement...Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.408-8 Distribution requirements for individual retirement...questions and answers relate to the distribution rules for IRAs provided in...

2012-04-01

86

26 CFR 1.408-8 - Distribution requirements for individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Distribution requirements for individual retirement...Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.408-8 Distribution requirements for individual retirement...questions and answers relate to the distribution rules for IRAs provided in...

2011-04-01

87

Enhancing the Quality of Individualized Education Plan (IEP) Goals and Objectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individualized service is a cornerstone of early childhood special education. A primary mechanism used to individualize services is the Individualized Education Plan (IEP). Unfortunately, many studies report that IEP goals and objectives tend to be poorly written and question the individualized nature of the IEP. The purpose of this study was to validate a strategy for improving the quality of

Kristie Pretti-Frontczak; Diane Bricker

2000-01-01

88

Software for Project-Based Learning of Robot Motion Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motion planning is a core problem in robotics concerned with finding feasible paths for a given robot. Motion planning algorithms perform a search in the high-dimensional continuous space of robot configurations and exemplify many of the core algorithmic concepts of search algorithms and associated data structures. Motion planning algorithms can…

Moll, Mark; Bordeaux, Janice; Kavraki, Lydia E.

2013-01-01

89

20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?  

...2014-04-01 false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What is an...

2014-04-01

90

20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What is an...

2013-04-01

91

20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What is an...

2011-04-01

92

20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What is an...

2012-04-01

93

20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What is an...

2010-04-01

94

Lovelace Insurance Company: UNM Medical Plan Coverage Beginning on or After: 07/01/2013 Summary of Benefits and Coverage: What this Plan Covers & What it Costs Coverage for: Individual, Individual & Family |Plan Type: PPO  

E-print Network

1 of 8 Lovelace Insurance Company: UNM Medical Plan Coverage Beginning on or After: 07, Individual & Family |Plan Type: PPO Questions: Call 1-800-808-7363 or visit us at www.Lovelace or plan document at www.LovelaceHealthPlan.com or by calling 1-800-808-7363. Important Questions Answers

New Mexico, University of

95

Autoquan 3, version 3.11, MIDAC Corporation Computer Software Test Plan  

SciTech Connect

This test plan will be performed in conjunction with or prior to HNF-6936, ''HA-53 Supercritical Fluid Extraction System Acceptance Test Plan'', to operate the Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR) and to perform analyses for water. The test will ensure that the software can be installed properly, will operate the FTIR correctly and will generate a text file with analytical data.

HURLBUT, S.T.

2000-10-24

96

Software configuration management plan, 241-AY and 241-AZ tank farm MICON automation system  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes a Computer Software Configuration Management Plan (CSCM) for controlling software for the MICON Distributed Control System (DCS) located at the 241-AY and 241-AZ Aging Waste Tank Farm facilities in the 200 East Area. The MICON DCS software controls and monitors the instrumentation and equipment associated with plant systems and processes. A CSCM identifies and defines the configuration items in a system (section 3.1), controls the release and change of these items throughout the system life cycle (section 3.2), records and reports the status of configuration items and change requests (section 3.3), and verifies the completeness and correctness of the items (section 3.4). All software development before initial release, or before software is baselined, is considered developmental. This plan does not apply to developmental software. This plan applies to software that has been baselined and released. The MICON software will monitor and control the related instrumentation and equipment of the 241-AY and 241-AZ Tank Farm ventilation systems. Eventually, this software may also assume the monitoring and control of the tank sludge washing equipment and other systems as they are brought on line. This plan applies to the System Cognizant Manager and MICON Cognizant Engineer (who is also referred to herein as the system administrator) responsible for the software/hardware and administration of the MICON system. This document also applies to any other organizations within Tank Farms which are currently active on the system including system cognizant engineers, nuclear operators, technicians, and control room supervisors.

Hill, L.F.

1997-10-30

97

Development of a Software Tool to Automate ADCO Flight Controller Console Planning Tasks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This independent study project covers the development of the International Space Station (ISS) Attitude Determination and Control Officer (ADCO) Planning Exchange APEX Tool. The primary goal of the tool is to streamline existing manual and time-intensive planning tools into a more automated, user-friendly application that interfaces with existing products and allows the ADCO to produce accurate products and timelines more effectively. This paper will survey the current ISS attitude planning process and its associated requirements, goals, documentation and software tools and how a software tool could simplify and automate many of the planning actions which occur at the ADCO console. The project will be covered from inception through the initial prototype delivery in November 2011 and will include development of design requirements and software as well as design verification and testing.

Anderson, Mark G.

2011-01-01

98

AdaNET Dynamic Software Inventory (DSI) prototype component acquisition plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A component acquisition plan contains the information needed to evaluate, select, and acquire software and hardware components necessary for successful completion of the AdaNET Dynamic Software Inventory (DSI) Management System Prototype. This plan will evolve and be applicable to all phases of the DSI prototype development. Resources, budgets, schedules, and organizations related to component acquisition activities are provided. A purpose and description of a software or hardware component which is to be acquired are presented. Since this is a plan for acquisition of all components, this section is not applicable. The procurement activities and events conducted by the acquirer are described and who is responsible is identified, where the activity will be performed, and when the activities will occur for each planned procurement. Acquisition requirements describe the specific requirements and standards to be followed during component acquisition. The activities which will take place during component acquisition are described. A list of abbreviations and acronyms, and a glossary are contained.

Hanley, Lionel

1989-01-01

99

38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.  

...goals and objectives to be achieved by the veteran during the period of rehabilitation services that will lead to the point of employability; (2) Plan for placement of the veteran in the occupational field for which training and other services will be...

2014-07-01

100

38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...goals and objectives to be achieved by the veteran during the period of rehabilitation services that will lead to the point of employability; (2) Plan for placement of the veteran in the occupational field for which training and other services will be...

2012-07-01

101

38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...goals and objectives to be achieved by the veteran during the period of rehabilitation services that will lead to the point of employability; (2) Plan for placement of the veteran in the occupational field for which training and other services will be...

2011-07-01

102

38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...goals and objectives to be achieved by the veteran during the period of rehabilitation services that will lead to the point of employability; (2) Plan for placement of the veteran in the occupational field for which training and other services will be...

2013-07-01

103

Hyperspectral Soil Mapper (HYSOMA) software interface: Review and future plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the upcoming launch of the next generation of hyperspectral satellites that will routinely deliver high spectral resolution images for the entire globe (e.g. EnMAP, HISUI, HyspIRI, HypXIM, PRISMA), an increasing demand for the availability/accessibility of hyperspectral soil products is coming from the geoscience community. Indeed, many robust methods for the prediction of soil properties based on imaging spectroscopy already exist and have been successfully used for a wide range of soil mapping airborne applications. Nevertheless, these methods require expert know-how and fine-tuning, which makes them used sparingly. More developments are needed toward easy-to-access soil toolboxes as a major step toward the operational use of hyperspectral soil products for Earth's surface processes monitoring and modelling, to allow non-experienced users to obtain new information based on non-expensive software packages where repeatability of the results is an important prerequisite. In this frame, based on the EU-FP7 EUFAR (European Facility for Airborne Research) project and EnMAP satellite science program, higher performing soil algorithms were developed at the GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences as demonstrators for end-to-end processing chains with harmonized quality measures. The algorithms were built-in into the HYSOMA (Hyperspectral SOil MApper) software interface, providing an experimental platform for soil mapping applications of hyperspectral imagery that gives the choice of multiple algorithms for each soil parameter. The software interface focuses on fully automatic generation of semi-quantitative soil maps such as soil moisture, soil organic matter, iron oxide, clay content, and carbonate content. Additionally, a field calibration option calculates fully quantitative soil maps provided ground truth soil data are available. Implemented soil algorithms have been tested and validated using extensive in-situ ground truth data sets. The source of the HYSOMA code was developed as standalone IDL software to allow easy implementation in the hyperspectral and non-hyperspectral communities. Indeed, within the hyperspectral community, IDL language is very widely used, and for non-expert users that do not have an ENVI license, such software can be executed as a binary version using the free IDL virtual machine under various operating systems. Based on the growing interest of users in the software interface, the experimental software was adapted for public release version in 2012, and since then ~80 users of hyperspectral soil products downloaded the soil algorithms at www.gfz-potsdam.de/hysoma. The software interface was distributed for free as IDL plug-ins under the IDL-virtual machine. Up-to-now distribution of HYSOMA was based on a close source license model, for non-commercial and educational purposes. Currently, the HYSOMA is being under further development in the context of the EnMAP satellite mission, for extension and implementation in the EnMAP Box as EnSoMAP (EnMAP SOil MAPper). The EnMAP Box is a freely available, platform-independent software distributed under an open source license. In the presentation we will focus on an update of the HYSOMA software interface status and upcoming implementation in the EnMAP Box. Scientific software validation, associated publication record and users responses as well as software management and transition to open source will be discussed.

Chabrillat, Sabine; Guillaso, Stephane; Eisele, Andreas; Rogass, Christian

2014-05-01

104

Planning for an Individual Water System. Fourth Edition Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few investments have as little thought given to planning as the installation of a water-supply system for the home or farm. There are many considerations to be made if an adequate supply of water is to be available for the living and recreational needs of a family or the needs of livestock. This book is designed to instruct the reader on how to…

Turner, J. Howard, Ed.

105

Enterprise Resource Planning Software in the Human Resource Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relatively recent development of comprehensive human resource information systems (HRIS) software has led to a large demand for technologically literate human resource (HR) professionals. For the college student who is about to begin the search for that first postcollege job, the need to develop technology literacy is even more necessary. To…

Bedell, Michael D.; Floyd, Barry D.; Nicols, Kay McGlashan; Ellis, Rebecca

2007-01-01

106

75 FR 34626 - Rules and Regulations for Abandoned Individual Account Plans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employee Benefits Security Administration 29 CFR Part 2578 Rules and Regulations for Abandoned Individual Account Plans CFR Correction In Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1927 to End, revised as...

2010-06-18

107

29 CFR 2550.404a-2 - Safe harbor for automatic rollovers to individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...rollovers to individual retirement plans. (a) In general . (1) Pursuant to section 657(c) of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, Public Law 107-16, June 7, 2001, 115 Stat. 38, this section...

2012-07-01

108

29 CFR 2550.404a-2 - Safe harbor for automatic rollovers to individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...rollovers to individual retirement plans. (a) In general . (1) Pursuant to section 657(c) of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, Public Law 107-16, June 7, 2001, 115 Stat. 38, this section...

2013-07-01

109

29 CFR 2550.404a-2 - Safe harbor for automatic rollovers to individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...rollovers to individual retirement plans. (a) In general . (1) Pursuant to section 657(c) of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, Public Law 107-16, June 7, 2001, 115 Stat. 38, this section...

2011-07-01

110

29 CFR 2550.404a-2 - Safe harbor for automatic rollovers to individual retirement plans.  

...rollovers to individual retirement plans. (a) In general. (1) Pursuant to section 657(c) of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, Public Law 107-16, June 7, 2001, 115 Stat. 38, this section...

2014-07-01

111

Individual Education Plan Goals and Services for Adolescents With Autism: Impact of Age and Educational Setting  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study is to describe the educational programs for adolescents with autism (age 12—16 years) in inclusion and noninclusion settings as reflected in their Individual Education Plan (IEP) goals, services, and curricular adaptations...

Kurth, Jennifer A.; Mastergeorge, Ann M.

2010-11-01

112

An allotment planning concept and related computer software for planning the fixed satellite service at the 1988 space WARC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The authors describe a two-phase approach to allotment planning suitable for use in planning the fixed satellite service at the 1988 Space World Administrative radio Conference (ORB-88). The two phases are (1) the identification of predetermined geostationary arc segments common to groups of administrations and (2) the use of a synthesis program to identify example scenarios of space station placements. The planning approach is described in detail and is related to the objectives of the conference. Computer software has been developed to implement the concepts, and the logic and rationale for identifying predetermined arc segments is discussed. Example scenarios are evaluated to give guidance in the selection of the technical characteristics of space communications systems to be planned. The allotment planning concept described guarantees equitable access to the geostationary orbit, provides flexibility in implementation, and reduces the need for coordination among administrations.

Miller, Edward F.; Heyward, Ann O.; Ponchak, Denise S.; Spence, Rodney L.; Whyte, Wayne A., Jr.

1987-01-01

113

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan. Part 1 : ASC software quality engineering practices version 1.0.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. Quality is defined in DOE/AL Quality Criteria (QC-1) as conformance to customer requirements and expectations. This quality plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to the SNL Corporate Process Requirements (CPR 1.3.2 and CPR 1.3.6) and the Department of Energy (DOE) document, ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines (GP&G). This quality plan identifies ASC management and software project teams' responsibilities for cost-effective software engineering quality practices. The SNL ASC Software Quality Plan establishes the signatories commitment to improving software products by applying cost-effective software engineering quality practices. This document explains the project teams opportunities for tailoring and implementing the practices; enumerates the practices that compose the development of SNL ASC's software products; and includes a sample assessment checklist that was developed based upon the practices in this document.

Minana, Molly A.; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Heaphy, Robert; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr.; Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

2005-01-01

114

Lessons Learned from Research on Individual Educational Plans in Sweden: Obstacles, Opportunities and Future Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1995, all Swedish compulsory schools have had a legal obligation to establish individual educational plans (IEPs) for pupils with special educational needs. However, previous research shows that there are a number of issues associated with how these plans are used in schools' overall work and identifies a discrepancy between educational…

Andreasson, Ingela; Asp-Onsjö, Lisa; Isaksson, Joakim

2013-01-01

115

DRAFT 8.21.09 The Individual Development Plan for Interdisciplinary Graduate Students  

E-print Network

DRAFT 8.21.09 The Individual Development Plan for Interdisciplinary Graduate Students Purpose to their career goals; and (3) developing a plan to acquire the skills and competencies needed to achieve short graduate students, may be particularly beneficial to students pursuing interdisciplinary research

Weiblen, George D

116

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton

2009-10-01

117

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton; Kent Norris

2010-03-01

118

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton; Kent Norris

2009-12-01

119

A software architecture for hard real-time execution of automatically synthesized plans or control laws  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of a flexible, real-time software architecture for trajectory planning and automatic control of redundant manipulators is described. Emphasis is placed on a technique of designing control systems that are both flexible and robust yet have good real-time performance. The solution presented involves an artificial intelligence algorithm that dynamically reprograms the real-time control system while planning system behavior.

Schoppers, Marcel

1994-01-01

120

Impact of computer-based treatment planning software on clinical judgment of dental students for planning prosthodontic rehabilitation  

PubMed Central

Purpose Successful prosthodontic rehabilitation involves making many interrelated clinical decisions which have an impact on each other. Self-directed computer-based training has been shown to be a very useful tool to develop synthetic and analytical problem-solving skills among students. Thus, a computer-based case study and treatment planning (CSTP) software program was developed which would allow students to work through the process of comprehensive, multidisciplinary treatment planning for patients in a structured and logical manner. The present study was aimed at assessing the effect of this CSTP software on the clinical judgment of dental students while planning prosthodontic rehabilitation and to assess the students’ perceptions about using the program for its intended use. Methods A CSTP software program was developed and validated. The impact of this program on the clinical decision making skills of dental graduates was evaluated by real life patient encounters, using a modified and validated mini-CEX. Students’ perceptions about the program were obtained by a pre-validated feedback questionnaire. Results The faculty assessment scores of clinical judgment improved significantly after the use of this program. The majority of students felt it was an informative, useful, and innovative way of learning and they strongly felt that they had learnt the logical progression of planning, the insight into decision making, and the need for flexibility in treatment planning after using this program. Conclusion CSTP software was well received by the students. There was significant improvement in students’ clinical judgment after using this program. It should thus be envisaged fundamentally as an adjunct to conventional teaching techniques to improve students’ decision making skills and confidence. PMID:25170288

Deshpande, Saee; Chahande, Jayashree

2014-01-01

121

An allotment planning concept and related computer software for planning the fixed satellite service at the 1988 space WARC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Described is a two-phase approach to allotment planning suitable for use in establishing the fixed satellite service at the 1988 Space World Administrative Radio Conference (ORB-88). The two phases are (1) the identification of predetermined geostationary arc segments common togroups of administrations, and (2) the use of a synthesis program to identify example scenarios of space station placements. The planning approach is described in detail and is related to the objectives of the confernece. Computer software has been developed to implement the concepts, and a complete discussion on the logic and rationale for identifying predetermined arc segments is given. Example scenarios are evaluated to give guidance in the selection of the technical characteristics of space communications systems to be planned. The allotment planning concept described guarantees in practice equitable access to the geostationary orbit, provides flexibility in implementation, and reduces the need for coordination among administrations.

Miller, Edward F.; Heyward, Ann O.; Ponchak, Denise S.; Spence, Rodney L.; Whyte, Wayne A., Jr.; Zuzek, John E.

1987-01-01

122

Leemoo, a Dietary Assessment and Nutritional Planning Software, Using Fuzzy Logic  

PubMed Central

Background: Leemoo is a user-friendly software designed for nutritional planning and dietary assessment applications by cooperation of Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, which uses fuzzy logic for the first time. It provides a range of recommended servings for food groups, which are easier for people to follow. Objectives: The aim of this research was to describe the applications of this newly introduced software. Methods and Materials: Leemoo contains the following databases: food, nutrients, MyPyramid equivalents and physical activity. These databases facilitate diet analysis and planning. The food composition database includes 2920 Iranian food items, with the nutrient composition for up to 64 nutrients. Results: All databases are flexible for updating. The program can calculate the amounts of nutrients and food group intakes and compare these with Dietary Reference Intakes and MyPyramid recommendations. This software has the ability of nutritional planning and estimates normal intake ranges of seven food groups based on person need. Conclusions: This software was envisaged for use by health professionals, researchers and ordinary people and can be recommended for educational purpose and nutrition research in Iran. Future studies must be conducted to evaluate the effects of this software on users’ dietary habits and nutrition knowledge. PMID:24719623

Ejtahed, Hanieh-Sadat; Sarsharzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi; Mirmiran, Parvin; Asghari, Golaleh; Yuzbashian, Emad; Azizi, Fereidoun

2013-01-01

123

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Software: Designs and Data Analyses for Sampling Contaminated Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new module of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software has been developed to provide sampling designs and data analyses for potentially contaminated buildings. An important application is assessing levels of contamination in buildings after a terrorist attack. This new module, funded by DHS through the Combating Terrorism Technology Support Office, Technical Support Working Group, was developed to provide a

Brent A. Pulsipher; John E. Wilson; Richard O. Gilbert; Lisa L. Nuffer; Nancy L. Hassig

2005-01-01

124

The Impact of Project Planning Team Experience on Software Project Cost Estimates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from 135 teams that have participated in a software project planning exercise are analyzed to determine the relationship between team experience and each teams estimate of total project cost. The analysis shows that cost estimates are dependent upon two kinds of team experience: (1) the average experience for the members of each team and (2) whether or not any

James Mcdonald

2005-01-01

125

Java RMI Software Technology for the Payload Planning System of the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Payload Planning System is for experiment planning on the International Space Station. The planning process has a number of different aspects which need to be stored in a database which is then used to generate reports on the planning process in a variety of formats. This process is currently structured as a 3-tier client/server software architecture comprised of a Java applet at the front end, a Java server in the middle, and an Oracle database in the third tier. This system presently uses CGI, the Common Gateway Interface, to communicate between the user-interface and server tiers and Active Data Objects (ADO) to communicate between the server and database tiers. This project investigated other methods and tools for performing the communications between the three tiers of the current system so that both the system performance and software development time could be improved. We specifically found that for the hardware and software platforms that PPS is required to run on, the best solution is to use Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI) for communication between the client and server and SQLJ (Structured Query Language for Java) for server interaction with the database. Prototype implementations showed that RMI combined with SQLJ significantly improved performance and also greatly facilitated construction of the communication software.

Bryant, Barrett R.

1999-01-01

126

Relative performance of Bayesian clustering software for inferringpopulation substructure and individual assignment at low levels of population differentiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional methods for characterizing genetic differentiation among populations rely on a priori grouping of individuals. Bayesian clustering methods avoid this limitation by using linkage and Hardy–Weinberg disequilibrium\\u000a to decompose a sample of individuals into genetically distinct groups. There are several software programs available for Bayesian\\u000a clustering analyses, all of which describe a decrease in the ability to detect distinct clusters

Emily K. Latch; Guha Dharmarajan; Jeffrey C. Glaubitz; Olin E. Rhodes Jr

2006-01-01

127

Overview of Hazard Assessment and Emergency Planning Software of Use to RN First Responders  

SciTech Connect

There are numerous software tools available for field deployment, reach-back, training and planning use in the event of a radiological or nuclear (RN) terrorist event. Specialized software tools used by CBRNe responders can increase information available and the speed and accuracy of the response, thereby ensuring that radiation doses to responders, receivers, and the general public are kept as low as reasonably achievable. Software designed to provide health care providers with assistance in selecting appropriate countermeasures or therapeutic interventions in a timely fashion can improve the potential for positive patient outcome. This paper reviews various software applications of relevance to radiological and nuclear (RN) events that are currently in use by first responders, emergency planners, medical receivers, and criminal investigators.

Waller, E; Millage, K; Blakely, W F; Ross, J A; Mercier, J R; Sandgren, D J; Levine, I H; Dickerson, W E; Nemhauser, J B; Nasstrom, J S; Sugiyama, G; Homann, S; Buddemeier, B R; Curling, C A; Disraelly, D S

2008-08-26

128

NEAMS Software Licensing, Release, and Distribution: Implications for FY2013 Work Package Planning  

SciTech Connect

The vision of the NEAMS program is to bring truly predictive modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities to the nuclear engineering community in order to enable a new approach to the analysis of nuclear systems. NEAMS anticipates issuing in FY 2018 a full release of its computational 'Fermi Toolkit' aimed at advanced reactor and fuel cycles. The NEAMS toolkit involves extensive software development activities, some of which have already been underway for several years, however, the Advanced Modeling and Simulation Office (AMSO), which sponsors the NEAMS program, has not yet issued any official guidance regarding software licensing, release, and distribution policies. This motivated an FY12 task in the Capability Transfer work package to develop and recommend an appropriate set of policies. The current preliminary report is intended to provide awareness of issues with implications for work package planning for FY13. We anticipate a small amount of effort associated with putting into place formal licenses and contributor agreements for NEAMS software which doesn't already have them. We do not anticipate any additional effort or costs associated with software release procedures or schedules beyond those dictated by the quality expectations for the software. The largest potential costs we anticipate would be associated with the setup and maintenance of shared code repositories for development and early access to NEAMS software products. We also anticipate an opportunity, with modest associated costs, to work with the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) to clarify export control assessment policies for software under development.

Bernholdt, David E [ORNL

2012-06-01

129

Assessment to Guide Individualized Transition Plans from School to Post-School for Children Ages 14+ with Moderate Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a part of the Individualized Education Plan (IEP), special education teachers work along with their student with special needs and their parent(s)/guardian(s) to create and implement Individualized Transition Plans (ITP) to assist the student with their transition to the post-school environment. As mandated by Individuals with Disabilities…

Skidmore, Kevin

2014-01-01

130

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization Plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference that documents the plans of each organization for office automation, identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations, and encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan.

Fenske, K.R.

1991-11-01

131

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software. Revision 3  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization Plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference that documents the plans of each organization for office automation, identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations, and encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan.

Fenske, K.R.

1991-11-01

132

The White House Conference on Handicapped Individuals. Volume Three: Implementation Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is a guide to legislative and administrative implementation of the recommendations of the White House Conference on Handicapped Individuals. The report is divided into the following three sections: (1) priority action items, such as formulation of national policy and consumer involvement in planning and decision making; (2) major…

1978

133

RE-PLAN: An Extensible Software Architecture to Facilitate Disaster Response Planning.  

PubMed

Computational tools are needed to make data-driven disaster mitigation planning accessible to planners and policymakers without the need for programming or GIS expertise. To address this problem, we have created modules to facilitate quantitative analyses pertinent to a variety of different disaster scenarios. These modules, which comprise the REsponse PLan ANalyzer (RE-PLAN) framework, may be used to create tools for specific disaster scenarios that allow planners to harness large amounts of disparate data and execute computational models through a point-and-click interface. Bio-E, a user-friendly tool built using this framework, was designed to develop and analyze the feasibility of ad hoc clinics for treating populations following a biological emergency event. In this article, the design and implementation of the RE-PLAN framework are described, and the functionality of the modules used in the Bio-E biological emergency mitigation tool are demonstrated. PMID:25419503

O'Neill, Martin; Mikler, Armin R; Indrakanti, Saratchandra; Tiwari, Chetan; Jimenez, Tamara

2014-12-01

134

Configuration management plan. System definition and project development. Repository Based Software Engineering (RBSE) program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the configuration management Plan for the AdaNet Repository Based Software Engineering (RBSE) contract. This document establishes the requirements and activities needed to ensure that the products developed for the AdaNet RBSE contract are accurately identified, that proposed changes to the product are systematically evaluated and controlled, that the status of all change activity is known at all times, and that the product achieves its functional performance requirements and is accurately documented.

Mckay, Charles

1991-01-01

135

Design and implementation of a compliant robot with force feedback and strategy planning software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Force-feedback robotics techniques are being developed for automated precision assembly and servicing of NASA space flight equipment. Design and implementation of a prototype robot which provides compliance and monitors forces is in progress. Computer software to specify assembly steps and makes force feedback adjustments during assembly are coded and tested for three generically different precision mating problems. A model program demonstrates that a suitably autonomous robot can plan its own strategy.

Premack, T.; Strempek, F. M.; Solis, L. A.; Brodd, S. S.; Cutler, E. P.; Purves, L. R.

1984-01-01

136

Visualization support for risk-informed decision making when planning and managing software developments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Key decisions are made in the early stages of planning and management of software developments. The information basis for these decisions is often a mix of analogy with past developments, and the best judgments of domain experts. Visualization of this information can support to such decision making by clarifying the status of the information and yielding insights into the ramifications of that information vis-a-vis decision alternatives.

Feather, Martin S.; Kiper, James D.; Menzies, Tim

2005-01-01

137

AZ-101 Mixer Pump Demonstration Data Acquisition System and Gamma Cart Data Acquisition Control System Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) provides the instructions for change control of the AZ1101 Mixer Pump Demonstration Data Acquisition System (DAS) and the Sludge Mobilization Cart (Gamma Cart) Data Acquisition and Control System (DACS).

WHITE, D.A.

1999-12-29

138

Prism: a New Approach to Radiotherapy Planning Software Ira J. Kalet, Ph.D., Jonathan P. Jacky, Ph.D.,  

E-print Network

Prism: a New Approach to Radiotherapy Planning Software Ira J. Kalet, Ph.D., Jonathan P. Jacky, Ph, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2442 z current address: RSA, Inc., 22 Terry Ave., Burlington, MA 01803 1 #12;Prism: New Approach to RTP Software/Kalet 2 Abstract Purpose: We describe the capabilities and performance of Prism

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

139

Status and future plans for the Vienna VLBI Software VieVS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna VLBI Software (VieVS) is a new VLBI analysis software which has been developed at the Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics of the Vienna University of Technology since 2008. In this software, which is written in Matlab, the most recent IERS Conventions and are implemented, and through a graphical user interface it is easy to use. Lately, two new modules have been added to the official version of VieVS. One is a simulation module (VIE_SIM) which allows to create simulated VLBI observations. The other is a global solution module (VIE_GLOB) which can be used for combining several sessions in a global solution in order to derive e.g. a terrestrial and/or a celestial reference frame. In this presentation an overview of VieVS and its current status will be given and its performance will be demonstrated by showing selected results. We also discuss the planned future developments of VieVS. These include the possibility to use external tropospheric delays obtained, e.g. by ray-tracing through numerical weather models, to use external ionospheric corrections from, e.g. GNSS TEC maps, and to implement a Kalman filter solution. We also plan to cover earlier steps in the VLBI data processing chain, like ambiguity resolution, which have not been considered so far in VieVS.

Nilsson, T.; Böhm, J.; Böhm, S.; Madzak, M.; Nafisi, V.; Plank, L.; Spicakova, H.; Sun, J.; Tierno Ros, C.; Schuh, H.

2011-07-01

140

Assessing software upgrades, plan properties and patient geometry using intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) complexity metrics  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the sensitivity of different metrics to detect differences in complexity of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans following upgrades, changes to planning parameters, and patient geometry. Correlations between complexity metrics are also assessed. Method: A program was developed to calculate a series of metrics used to describe the complexity of IMRT fields using monitor units (MUs) and multileaf collimator files: Modulation index (MI), modulation complexity score (MCS), and plan intensity map variation (PIMV). Each metric, including the MUs, was used to assess changes in beam complexity for six prostate patients, following upgrades in the inverse planning optimization software designed to incorporate direct aperture optimization (DAO). All beams were delivered to a 2D ionization chamber array and compared to those calculated using gamma analysis. Each complexity metric was then calculated for all beams, on a different set of six prostate IMRT patients, to assess differences between plans calculated using different minimum field sizes and different maximum segment numbers. Different geometries, including CShape, prostate, and head and neck phantoms, were also assessed using the metrics. Correlations between complexity metrics were calculated for 20 prostate IMRT patients. Results: MU, MCS, MI, and PIMV could all detect reduced complexity following an upgrade to the optimization leaf sequencer, although only MI and MCS could detect a reduction in complexity when one-step optimization (DAO) was employed rather than two-step optimization. All metrics detected a reduction in complexity when the minimum field size was increased from 1 to 4 cm and all apart from PIMV detected reduced complexity when the number of segments was significantly reduced. All metrics apart from MI showed differences in complexity depending on the treatment site. Significant correlations exist between all metrics apart from MI and PIMV for prostate IMRT patients. Treatment deliverability appeared to be more correlated with MI and MCS than MU or PIMV. Conclusions: The application of complexity metrics in the IMRT treatment planning process has been demonstrated. Complexity of treatment plans can vary for different inverse planning software versions and can depend on planning parameters and the treatment site. MCS is most suitable for inclusion within the cost function to limit complexity in IMRT optimization due to its sensitivity to complexity changes and correlation to treatment deliverability.

McGarry, Conor K.; Chinneck, Candice D.; O'Toole, Monica M.; O'Sullivan, Joe M; Prise, Kevin M.; Hounsell, Alan R. [Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Clinical Oncology, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)

2011-04-15

141

Comparing Individual Behavior Plans from Schools With and Without Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

School-wide positive behavior support (SWPBS) has been proposed as a proactive and preventive method to reduce problematic\\u000a behavior in schools. Under this approach, educators and administrators seek to create a school environment that fosters prosocial\\u000a behavior and attempts to systematically deter problem behaviors before they happen. To date, the relationship between SWPBS\\u000a and individualized positive behavior support (PBS) plans has

Natasha S. Medley; Steven G. Little; Angeleque Akin-Little

2008-01-01

142

Teaching land-use planning in a flood prone area with an educational software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teaching of flood risk mapping and mitigation is a necessary task in geosciences studies. However, there is often a gap between the theoretical hydraulic notions broached during the courses and the possibility to make use of them in practice by the students during supervised computer lab exercises. This is mainly due because professional models/software have a steep learning curve and the lecturer spend most of his time to explain how to make such or such operation with the software. To overcome this shortcoming, an educational software was developed, which is made of three main modules: 1) A user-friendly graphical interface (GUI), allowing for handling geographical data and creating thematic maps (Geographical Information System (GIS) module); 2) A flood model (hydrological and inundation models) part allowing for freeing student as much as possible from the repetitive and tedious tasks related to modeling issues, while keeping reasonable computational time; 3) A land use planning module, which allow for specifying mitigation measures (dikes and levees building, flood retention, renaturation, …) and for evaluating their effects by re-running the flood model. The main goal of this educational software is to provide a smooth approach to the modeling issue, without loosing the focus on the main task which is flood risk reduction.

Metzger, R.; Jaboyedoff, M.

2009-04-01

143

Numerical arc segmentation algorithm for a radio conference: A software tool for communication satellite systems planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Numerical Arc Segmentation Algorithm for a Radio Conference (NASARC) provides a method of generating predetermined arc segments for use in the development of an allotment planning procedure to be carried out at the 1988 World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC) on the Use of the Geostationary Satellite Orbit and the Planning of Space Services Utilizing It. Through careful selection of the predetermined arc (PDA) for each administration, flexibility can be increased in terms of choice of system technical characteristics and specific orbit location while reducing the need for coordination among administrations. The NASARC software determines pairwise compatibility between all possible service areas at discrete arc locations. NASARC then exhaustively enumerates groups of administrations whose satellites can be closely located in orbit, and finds the arc segment over which each such compatible group exists. From the set of all possible compatible groupings, groups and their associated arc segments are selected using a heuristic procedure such that a PDA is identified for each administration. Various aspects of the NASARC concept and how the software accomplishes specific features of allotment planning are discussed.

Whyte, W. A.; Heyward, A. O.; Ponchak, D. S.; Spence, R. L.; Zuzek, J. E.

1988-01-01

144

Benefits of Matching Domain Structure for Planning Software: The Right Stuff  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We investigated the role of domain structure in software design. We compared 2 planning applications, for a Mission Control group (International Space Station), and measured users speed and accuracy. Based on our needs analysis, we identified domain structure and used this to develop new prototype software that matched domain structure better than the legacy system. We took a high-fidelity analog of the natural task into the laboratory and found (large) periformance differences, favoring the system that matched domain structure. Our task design enabled us to attribute better periormance to better match of domain structure. We ran through the whole development cycle, in miniature, from needs analysis through design, development, and evaluation. Doing so enabled inferences not just about the particular systems compared, but also provided evidence for the viability of the design process (particularly needs analysis) that we are exploring.

Billman, Dorrit Owen; Arsintescu, Lucica; Feary, Michael S.; Lee, Jessica Chia-Rong; Smith, Asha Halima; Tiwary, Rachna

2011-01-01

145

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar.  

E-print Network

to the SFU Calendar. 1 FOR STUDENTS APPROVED AS SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJORS BEGINNING FALL 2007 Student Name MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. 2 This graduation plan is a guideline only. Please refer to the SFU calendar for full details. 1. LOWER

146

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar.  

E-print Network

to the SFU Calendar. 1 FOR STUDENTS APPROVED AS SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJORS BEGINNING FALL 2010 Student Name MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. 2 This graduation plan is a guideline only. Please refer to the SFU calendar for full details. 1. LOWER

147

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software. Revision 4  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software (ANL/TM, Revision 4) to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference document that (1) documents the plans of each organization for office automation, (2) identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations and (3) encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations (ANL/TM 458) and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 466).

Fenske, K.R.; Rockwell, V.S.

1992-08-01

148

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software (ANL/TM, Revision 4) to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference document that (1) documents the plans of each organization for office automation, (2) identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations and (3) encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations (ANL/TM 458) and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 466).

Fenske, K.R.; Rockwell, V.S.

1992-08-01

149

Motor interactions with another person: do individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder plan ahead?  

PubMed Central

Interpersonal motor interactions (joint-actions) occur on a daily basis. In joint-action situations, typically developing (TD) individuals consider the end-goal of their partner and adjust their own movements to accommodate the other person. The movement planning processes required for joint-action may, however, be difficult for individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) given documented difficulties in performance on theory of mind (ToM) and motor tasks. The goal of this experiment was to determine if individuals with ASD exhibit end-state comfort behaviors similar to their TD peers in joint-action situations. Participants were asked to either pass, place, or use three common tools: a wooden toy hammer, a stick, or a calculator. These tools were selected because the degree of affordance they offer (i.e., the physical characteristics they posses to prompt proper use) ranges from direct (hammer) to indirect (calculator). Participants were asked to pass the tool to a confederate who intended to place the tool down, or use the tool. Variables of interest included beginning and end-state grip orientations of the participant and confederate (comfortable or uncomfortable) as a function of task goal, and the side to which the tool was placed or passed. Similar to Gonzalez et al. (2011), some individuals with ASD maximized their partner's beginning-state comfort by adopting personally uncomfortable postures. That said, their performance was more variable than their TD peers who consistently passed tools in a manner that facilitated comfortable use by the confederate. Therefore, the movement planning processes used to prepare to pass a tool are not stereotypical across all individuals with ASD. We propose that the novel joint-action task described herein provides the basis for testing an important link between motor performance and more complex social and communication behaviors. PMID:23616751

Gonzalez, David A.; Glazebrook, Cheryl M.; Studenka, Breanna E.; Lyons, Jim

2013-01-01

150

Three-dimensional/two-dimensional multiplanar stereotactic planning system: hardware and software configuration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Real time" surgical treatment planning utilizing multimodality imaging (CT, MRI, DA) has been developed to provide the neurosurgeon with 2D multiplanar and 3D views of a patient's lesion for stereotactic planning. Both diagnostic and therapeutic stereotactic procedures have been implemented utilizing workstation (SUN 1/10) and specially developed software and hardware (developed in collaboration with TOMO Medical Imaging Technology, Southfield, MI). This provides complete 3D and 2D free-tilt views as part of the system instrumentation. The 2D Multiplanar includes reformatted sagittal, coronal, paraaxial and free tilt oblique vectors at any arbitrary plane of the patient's lesion. The 3D includes features for extracting a view of the target volume localized by a process including steps of automatic segmentation, thresholding, and/or boundary detection with 3D display of the volumes of interest. The system also includes the capability of interactive playback of reconstructed 3D movies, which can be viewed at any hospital network having compatible software on strategical locations or at remote sites through data transmission and record documentation by image printers. Both 2D and 3D menus include real time stereotactic coordinate measurements and trajectory definition capabilities as well as statistical functions for computing distances, angles, areas, and volumes. A combined interactive 3D-2D multiplanar menu allows simultaneous display of selected trajectory, final optimization, and multiformat 2D display of free-tilt reformatted images perpendicular to selected trajectory of the entire target volume.

Zamorano, Lucia J.; Dujovny, Manuel; Ausman, James I.

1990-01-01

151

[Computer-assisted surgical planning. 3-D software for the PC].  

PubMed

A potent software was developed for virtual planning in orthopedic surgery with complex spatial relationships, that runs on a standard PC with Windows 98/NT/2000. This voxel-based 3D-software creates data from tomographic images (CT, MRI, 3D-Sono, PET) in Dicom-III-format, that are visualized in near real-time as 2D-reconstructions or 3D-images. For three-dimensional analysis interactive tools, geometric rulers and an anatomic coordinate-system are available. Multiplanar osteotomies are carried out with a virtual saw. Selected segments are moved freely to mimic fracture reduction and deformity correction. Three-dimensional movement coordination is supported by problem-oriented movement features and a 3D-mouse. User defined objects in CAD-format like implants or anatomical templates can be inserted and moved. Matching of two volume data sets is possible as well as simultaneous processing of different data sets. All 3D-reconstructions can be calculated as virtual radiographs and viewed stereoscopically with LCD-shutter glasses. Export features in various data formats allow further processing of all volume data in CAD applications and rapid prototyping. An intra-operative navigation system can be integrated via an interface. This universally applicable software allows thorough three-dimensional analysis and processing of volume data sets from tomographic images and can be used in various applications through its flexible modular setup. PMID:11460451

Dahlen, C; Zwipp, H

2001-06-01

152

EB 2011 Trainee Symposium on The Individual Development Plan ÃÂ Plotting a Career Trajectory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Individual Development Plans (IDPs) provide a planning process that helps identify both career objectives and professional development needs. IDPs have been successfully incorporated into the performance review process by many business organizations. Creation of an IDP can be especially helpful in career planning for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in the sciences. Participants in this workshop will gain an understanding of how to create their own IDPs and will be provided tools and resources to get started. They will begin the process of self-assessment, learn how to effectively explore career options, become familiar with principles for effective goal setting, and discuss how to find and work with mentors to implement their plan. As part of the career exploration process, participants will have the opportunity to get inside information about a wide variety of career fields by meeting in small groups with scientists who work in diverse environments including academic medical centers, major research universities, small liberal arts college, the military, industry, and government.

Philip Clifford (Medical College of Wisconsin); Jennifer A Hobin (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology)

2011-04-13

153

26 CFR 20.2039-1T - Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual retirement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST...

2013-04-01

154

26 CFR 20.2039-1T - Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual retirement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST...

2010-04-01

155

26 CFR 20.2039-1T - Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual retirement...  

...2013-04-01 true Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST...

2014-04-01

156

26 CFR 20.2039-1T - Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual retirement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST...

2012-04-01

157

26 CFR 20.2039-1T - Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual retirement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2010-04-01 true Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST...

2011-04-01

158

VOC-PLAN: Individual Vocational Education Plan (A Quick, Efficient and Creative Way to Generate Vocational I.E.P.s), Users Manual and Preview Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This User's Manual is intended to accompany VOC-PLAN, a computer (Apple) program designed to assist in the preparation of an Individualized Vocational Education Program (IVEP) for handicapped, disadvantaged, or regular vocational secondary and postsecondary students. The program is presented in standard IEP (Individualized Education Program)…

Robinson, Jim; Seabolt, Pete

159

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2011-04-01

160

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2010-04-01

161

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2012-04-01

162

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2013-04-01

163

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

...2014-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2014-04-01

164

Demographic-Based Perceptions of Adequacy of Software Security's Presence within Individual Phases of the Software Development Life Cycle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of software security has become paramount in information technology (IT) related scholarly research. Researchers have addressed numerous software security topics touching on all phases of the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC): requirements gathering phase, design phase, development phase, testing phase, and maintenance phase.…

Kramer, Aleksey

2013-01-01

165

Migrating data from TcSE to DOORS : an evaluation of the T-Plan Integrator software application.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes our evaluation of the T-Plan Integrator software application as it was used to transfer a real data set from the Teamcenter for Systems Engineering (TcSE) software application to the DOORS software application. The T-Plan Integrator was evaluated to determine if it would meet the needs of Sandia National Laboratories to migrate our existing data sets from TcSE to DOORS. This report presents the struggles of migrating data and focuses on how the Integrator can be used to map a data set and its data architecture from TcSE to DOORS. Finally, this report describes how the bulk of the migration can take place using the Integrator; however, about 20-30% of the data would need to be transferred from TcSE to DOORS manually. This report does not evaluate the transfer of data from DOORS to TcSE.

Post, Debra S. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Manzanares, David A.; Taylor, Jeffrey L.

2011-02-01

166

Development and use of the computer software package for planning the 12 GHz broadcasting-satellite service at RARC '83  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference (RARC '83) had mainly the objective to draw up a plan of detailed frequency assignments and orbital positions for the 12 GHz broadcasting-satellite service (BSS) in ITU Region 2 (the Western Hemisphere) and associated feeder links (earth-to-space) in the 17 GHz band. It was found that for RARC '83 new planning methods and procedures would be needed. The new requirements made it necessary to develop a new generation of planning software. Attention is given to the development of the computer programs to be used at the conference, the package of computer programs, and the use of the computer programs.

Bowen, R. R.; Brown, K. E.; Hothi, H. S.; Miller, E. F.

1985-01-01

167

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kent Norris

2010-02-01

168

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kent Norris

2010-03-01

169

Mission planning, mission analysis and software formulation. Level C requirements for the shuttle mission control center orbital guidance software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The formulation of Level C requirements for guidance software was reported. Requirements for a PEG supervisor which controls all input/output interfaces with other processors and determines which PEG mode is to be utilized were studied in detail. A description of the two guidance modes for which Level C requirements have been formulated was presented. Functions required for proper execution of the guidance software were defined. The requirements for a navigation function that is used in the prediction logic of PEG mode 4 were discussed. It is concluded that this function is extracted from the current navigation FSSR.

Langston, L. J.

1976-01-01

170

Effectiveness of an impairment-based individualized rehabilitation program using an iPad-based software platform  

PubMed Central

The delivery of tablet-based rehabilitation for individuals with post-stroke aphasia is relatively new, therefore, this study examined the effectiveness of an iPad-based therapy to demonstrate improvement in specific therapy tasks and how the tasks affect overall language and cognitive skills. Fifty-one individuals with aphasia due to a stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) were recruited to use an iPad-based software platform, Constant Therapy, for a 10 week therapy program. Participants were split into an experimental (N = 42) and control (N = 9) group. Both experimental and control participants received a 1 h clinic session with a clinician once a week, the experimental participants additionally practiced the therapy at home. Participants did not differ in the duration of the therapy and both groups of participants showed improvement over time in the tasks used for the therapy. However, experimental participants used the application more often and showed greater changes in accuracy and latency on the tasks than the control participants; experimental participants' severity level at baseline as measured by standardized tests of language and cognitive skills were a factor in improvement on the tasks. Subgroups of task co-improvement appear to occur between different language tasks, between different cognitive tasks, and across both domains. Finally, experimental participants showed more significant and positive changes due to therapy in their standardized tests than control participants. These results provide preliminary evidence for the usefulness of a tablet-based platform to deliver tailored language and cognitive therapy to individuals with aphasia. PMID:25601831

Des Roches, Carrie A.; Balachandran, Isabel; Ascenso, Elsa M.; Tripodis, Yorghos; Kiran, Swathi

2015-01-01

171

Mission planning for Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIR-C) with a real-time interactive planning software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIR-C) mission will operate from the payload bay of the space shuttle for 8 days, gathering Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data over specific sites on the Earth. The short duration of the mission and the requirement for realtime planning offer challenges in mission planning and in the design of the Planning and Analysis Subsystem (PAS). The

Su K. Potts

1993-01-01

172

Standard Apprentice Plan: A Carefully Planned Program Designed to Train Individuals in the Skills of a Given Trade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document contains the General Motors Corporation-International Union United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (GM-UAW) Standard Apprentice Plan. The elements and provisions of the plan described are: purpose, equal opportunity pledge, requirements for admission, number of apprentices, length of training…

General Motors Corp., Detroit, MI.

173

Individual account retirement plans: an analysis of the 2007 survey of consumer finances, with market adjustments to June 2009.  

PubMed

LATEST SCF DATA: This Issue Brief assesses the current status of Americans' savings for retirement by examining the incidence of individual account plans among families, as well as the average amount of assets accumulated in these accounts. The 2007 Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF), the Federal Reserve Board's triennial survey of wealth, is the basis for this study, as it is a leading source of data on Americans' wealth, provides detailed information on retirement plan incidence and account balances among families, and is the latest available. ACCOUNTING FOR THE ECONOMIC DOWNTURN: While 2007 SCF is the most comprehensive and current survey of Americans' finances, its timing was unfortunate due to the significant downturn in the economy in 2008 just after the survey was released. To account for that change, this analysis provides estimates of the changes in asset values from the end of 2007 to mid-June 2009 for individual account plan balances. The account balances of the defined contribution plans and IRAs are adjusted based on the asset allocation reported within the plans by using equity market returns and bond market returns from January 1, 2008, to June 19, 2009. MEDIAN ASSET LEVELS FOR DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PLANS: Among all families with a defined contribution plan in 2007, the median (mid-point) plan balance was $31,800, up 16 percent from 2004. According to EBRI estimates, this dropped 16.4 percent (to $26,578) from year-end 2007 to mid-June 2009. Losses were higher for families with more than $100,000 a year in income (down 22 percent) or having a net worth in the top 10 percent (down 28 percent). MEDIAN ASSET LEVELS FOR IRA/KEOGH PLANS: Among all families with an IRA/Keogh plan, the median value of their plan was $34,000 in 2007, up 3 percent from 2004. EBRI estimates this median value dropped 15 percent (to $28,955) from year-end 2007 to mid-June 2009. LESS THAN HALF OF ALL FAMILIES HAVE A RETIREMENT PLAN THROUGH A CURRENT JOB: In 2007, 40.6 percent of families included a participant in an employment-based retirement plan (either a defined benefit or defined contribution plan) from a current job. This was up from 38.8 percent in 1992, but virtually unchanged from 40.3 percent in 2004. A significant shift in the plan type occurred from 1992 to 2007, with the percentage of families with a plan having only a defined benefit plan decreasing from 40.0 percent to 17.4 percent. TWO-THIRDS OF ALL FAMILIES HAVE AN IRA/KEOGH OR RETIREMENT PLAN THROUGH PAST AND CURRENT JOBS: In 2007, 66.2 percent of families had a participant in a current or previous employer's retirement plan or an IRA/Keogh, up slightly from 2004 (65.4 percent). IRA/KEOGH OWNERSHIP RISING: The percentage of families that owned either an individual retirement account or a Keogh plan increased in 2007 to 30.6 percent from 29.1 percent in 2004. IRA OWNERSHIP, ASSETS: While regular IRAs account for the largest percentage of IRA ownership, rollover IRAs had a larger share of assets than regular IRAs in 2007. The increase in IRA wealth is expected to continue in the future, as more workers will be in defined contribution plans and will be in them for a longer period of their working lives. PMID:19663167

Copeland, Craig

2009-08-01

174

45 CFR 261.12 - What is an individual responsibility plan?  

...provide the individual to enable the individual to obtain and keep private sector employment, including job counseling services; and (e) May require the individual to undergo appropriate substance abuse...

2014-10-01

175

INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND EXPORT CONTROL REGULATIONS When planning a trip abroad, individuals sometimes take information, technology and equipment with them.  

E-print Network

INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND EXPORT CONTROL REGULATIONS When planning a trip abroad, individuals to be aware of the impact of export control regulations when traveling internationally. Export control or items you take are either not controlled or if controlled, proper licenses are in place. A license may

Farritor, Shane

176

Education Alignment and Accountability in an Era of Convergence: Policy Insights from States with Individual Learning Plans and Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the rising demand for market-responsive education reform across the U.S., since 1998 more than twenty states have created Individual Learning or Graduation Plan (ILP/IGP) state policies. Using extensive policy document analyses and stakeholder interview data from four early-adopting ILP/IGP states, the goal of this four-state case…

Phelps, L. Allen; Durham, Julie; Wills, Joan

2011-01-01

177

Career Interventions: Practices and Preferences of Southern New England High School Counselors Supporting Students' Individual Learning Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this research was to examine public high school counselors' career interventions practices and preferences in comprehensive school counseling programs. Secondarily, this study investigated how those career intervention practices support students' Individual Learning Plans (ILPs). The research questions guiding this study…

Wilkerson, Belinda J.

2010-01-01

178

Empowering Parents of Junior High School Resource Students with Specific Learning Disabilities during the Individual Education Plan Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum, which sought to improve parents' involvement in the development of educational goals for their children with disabilities, had three objectives: improved attendance by parents at Individual Education Plan (IEP) conferences, increased parent participation in the decision-making process during IEP development, and enhanced parent…

Buckner, Alice E.

179

Individual Plans for Children in Transition to Pre-School: A Case Study in One Finnish Day-Care Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a case study on teachers' and parents' perspectives on children's individual plans in transition from early childhood education to pre-school in Finland. The study was based on the importance of continuity as a part of positive educational transition experiences. The national curricula, educators' interpretations and parents'…

Turunen, Tuija A.

2012-01-01

180

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan is to assess the approach to be taken for intended testing activities. The plan typically identifies the items to be tested, the requirements being tested, the testing to be performed, test schedules, personnel requirements, reporting requirements, evaluation criteria, and any risks requiring contingency planning. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

Kent Norris

2010-03-01

181

29 CFR 2578.1 - Termination of abandoned individual account plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...termination administrator to wind up the affairs of the plan and...are for services necessary to wind up the affairs of the plan and...termination administrator to wind up the plan in accordance with...the term control means the power to exercise a controlling...

2010-07-01

182

29 CFR 2578.1 - Termination of abandoned individual account plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...termination administrator to wind up the affairs of the plan and...are for services necessary to wind up the affairs of the plan and...termination administrator to wind up the plan in accordance with...the term control means the power to exercise a controlling...

2013-07-01

183

29 CFR 2578.1 - Termination of abandoned individual account plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...termination administrator to wind up the affairs of the plan and...are for services necessary to wind up the affairs of the plan and...termination administrator to wind up the plan in accordance with...the term control means the power to exercise a controlling...

2011-07-01

184

29 CFR 2578.1 - Termination of abandoned individual account plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...termination administrator to wind up the affairs of the plan and...are for services necessary to wind up the affairs of the plan and...termination administrator to wind up the plan in accordance with...the term control means the power to exercise a controlling...

2012-07-01

185

29 CFR 2578.1 - Termination of abandoned individual account plans.  

...termination administrator to wind up the affairs of the plan and...are for services necessary to wind up the affairs of the plan and...termination administrator to wind up the plan in accordance with...the term control means the power to exercise a controlling...

2014-07-01

186

Developing a Treatment Planning Software Based on TG-43U1 Formalism for Cs-137 LDR Brachytherapy  

PubMed Central

Background The old Treatment Planning Systems (TPSs) used for intracavitary brachytherapy with Cs-137 Selectron source utilize traditional dose calculation methods, considering each source as a point source. Using such methods introduces significant errors in dose estimation. As of 1995, TG-43 is used as the main dose calculation formalism in treatment TPSs. Objectives The purpose of this study is to design and establish a treatment planning software for Cs-137 Solectron brachytherapy source, based on TG-43U1 formalism by applying the effects of the applicator and dummy spacers. Materials and Methods Two softwares used for treatment planning of Cs-137 sources in Iran (STPS and PLATO), are based on old formalisms. The purpose of this work is to establish and develop a TPS for Selectron source based on TG-43 formalism. In this planning system, the dosimetry parameters of each pellet in different places inside applicators were obtained by MCNP4c code. Then the dose distribution around every combination of active and inactive pellets was obtained by summing the doses. The accuracy of this algorithm was checked by comparing its results for special combination of active and inactive pellets with MC simulations. Finally, the uncertainty of old dose calculation formalism was investigated by comparing the results of STPS and PLATO softwares with those obtained by the new algorithm. Results For a typical arrangement of 10 active pellets in the applicator, the percentage difference between doses obtained by the new algorithm at 1cm distance from the tip of the applicator and those obtained by old formalisms is about 30%, while the difference between the results of MCNP and the new algorithm is less than 5%. Conclusions According to the results, the old dosimetry formalisms, overestimate the dose especially towards the applicator’s tip. While the TG-43U1 based software perform the calculations more accurately. PMID:24578840

Sina, Sedigheh; Faghihi, Reza; Soleimani Meigooni, Ali; Siavashpour, Zahra; Mosleh-Shirazi, Mohammad Amin

2013-01-01

187

34 CFR 361.46 - Content of the individualized plan for employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...achieving the employment outcome; (B) If applicable...individual with a most significant disability for whom an employment outcome in a supported employment...individuals with the most significant disabilities...achieved an employment outcome; (2) A...

2010-07-01

188

29 CFR 2550.404a-3 - Safe harbor for distributions from terminated individual account plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Safe harbor for distributions from terminated individual account...2550.404a-3 Safe harbor for distributions from terminated individual account...1001 et seq. , in connection with a distribution described in paragraph (b) of...

2012-07-01

189

34 CFR 361.45 - Development of the individualized plan for employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...native language or mode of communication of the individual or the individual's...description of the availability of a client assistance program established...information on how to contact the client assistance program. (d...native language or mode of communication of the individual or,...

2011-07-01

190

34 CFR 361.45 - Development of the individualized plan for employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...native language or mode of communication of the individual or the individual's...description of the availability of a client assistance program established...information on how to contact the client assistance program. (d...native language or mode of communication of the individual or,...

2012-07-01

191

34 CFR 361.45 - Development of the individualized plan for employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...native language or mode of communication of the individual or the individual's...description of the availability of a client assistance program established...information on how to contact the client assistance program. (d...native language or mode of communication of the individual or,...

2010-07-01

192

Growth and variability in health plan premiums in the individual insurance market before the Affordable Care Act.  

PubMed

Before we can evaluate the impact of the Affordable Care Act on health insurance premiums in the individual market, it is critical to understand the pricing trends of these premiums before the implementation of the law. Using rates of increase in the individual insurance market collected from state regulators, this issue brief documents trends in premium growth in the pre-ACA period. From 2008 to 2010, premiums grew by 10 percent or more per year. This growth was also highly variable across states, and even more variable across insurance plans within states. The study suggests that evaluating trends in premiums requires looking across a broad array of states and plans, and that policymakers must examine how present and future changes in premium rates compare with the more than 10 percent per year premium increases in the years preceding health reform. PMID:24922979

Gruber, Jonathan

2014-06-01

193

Effect of individual components on system's reliability : A case of web-based US Federal Highway Administration project recommendation and approval software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of individual components' reliability on a system's reliability. The system refers to the Financial Management Information System (FMIS), the US Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) web-based project approval and tracking software. Its components are 61 project information fields. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The analysis would view each highway project-funding request as

Mark R. Chandler; M. Affan Badar

2009-01-01

194

42 CFR 440.320 - State plan requirements: Optional enrollment for exempt individuals.  

...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.320 State plan...defined in § 440.315 the option to enroll in benchmark or benchmark-equivalent coverage must...

2014-10-01

195

42 CFR 440.320 - State plan requirements: Optional enrollment for exempt individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.320 State plan...defined in § 440.315 the option to enroll in benchmark or benchmark-equivalent coverage must...

2010-10-01

196

Software Program: Software Management Guidebook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this NASA Software Management Guidebook is twofold. First, this document defines the core products and activities required of NASA software projects. It defines life-cycle models and activity-related methods but acknowledges that no single life-cycle model is appropriate for all NASA software projects. It also acknowledges that the appropriate method for accomplishing a required activity depends on characteristics of the software project. Second, this guidebook provides specific guidance to software project managers and team leaders in selecting appropriate life cycles and methods to develop a tailored plan for a software engineering project.

1996-01-01

197

Planning Strategies for Individuals with Special Needs: From Mid-Life and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a parent leaves an inheritance over $2,000 to an individual with special needs, the inheritance is actually a gift to the government because it eliminates that child's qualification for government benefits. The use of a special needs trust eliminates this disqualification because the inheritance is not left to the individual with special…

Mayoras, Danielle; Joswick, Matthew

2008-01-01

198

Six Steps for Planning a Fitness Circuit for Individuals with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teaching individuals with autism it is important to pay particular attention to fitness and movement as these individuals are less likely than typical children to achieve the recommended level physical activity. Common characteristics of autism spectrum disorder can include deficits in communication and social behavior, which may limit…

Hovey, Kate

2011-01-01

199

Corganiser: a web-based software tool for planning time-sensitive sampling of whole rounds during scientific drilling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Corganiser is a software tool developed to simplify the process of preparing whole-round sampling plans for time-sensitive microbiology and geochemistry sampling during scientific drilling. It was developed during the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 347, but is designed to work with a wide range of core and section configurations and can thus be used in future drilling projects. Corganiser is written in the Python programming language and is implemented both as a graphical web interface and command-line interface. It can be accessed online at http://130.226.247.137/.

Marshall, I. P. G.

2014-12-01

200

Software Smarts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under an SBIR (Small Business Innovative Research) contract with Johnson Space Center, Knowledge Based Systems Inc. (KBSI) developed an intelligent software environment for modeling and analyzing mission planning activities, simulating behavior, and, using a unique constraint propagation mechanism, updating plans with each change in mission planning activities. KBSI developed this technology into a commercial product, PROJECTLINK, a two-way bridge between PROSIm, KBSI's process modeling and simulation software and leading project management software like Microsoft Project and Primavera's SureTrak Project Manager.

1998-01-01

201

Advanced communications technology satellite high burst rate link evaluation terminal power control and rain fade software test plan, version 1.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Power Control and Rain Fade Software was developed at the NASA Lewis Research Center to support the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite High Burst Rate Link Evaluation Terminal (ACTS HBR-LET). The HBR-LET is an experimenters terminal to communicate with the ACTS for various experiments by government, university, and industry agencies. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software is one segment of the Control and Performance Monitor (C&PM) Software system of the HBR-LET. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software automatically controls the LET uplink power to compensate for signal fades. Besides power augmentation, the C&PM Software system is also responsible for instrument control during HBR-LET experiments, control of the Intermediate Frequency Switch Matrix on board the ACTS to yield a desired path through the spacecraft payload, and data display. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software User's Guide, Version 1.0 outlines the commands and procedures to install and operate the Power Control and Rain Fade Software. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software Maintenance Manual, Version 1.0 is a programmer's guide to the Power Control and Rain Fade Software. This manual details the current implementation of the software from a technical perspective. Included is an overview of the Power Control and Rain Fade Software, computer algorithms, format representations, and computer hardware configuration. The Power Control and Rain Fade Test Plan provides a step-by-step procedure to verify the operation of the software using a predetermined signal fade event. The Test Plan also provides a means to demonstrate the capability of the software.

Reinhart, Richard C.

1993-01-01

202

School Reentry and Educational Planning for the Individual with Traumatic Brain Injury.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines are presented to assist medical, rehabilitative, and educational personnel in helping students with traumatic brain injury make the transition into a school setting. Included are a model for documentation of present level of performance and a guide for appropriate accommodations in public school programs to plan for school reentry. (SW)

Doelling, Jane E.; Bryde, Suzanne

1995-01-01

203

ESTATE PLANNING IS A TOPIC THAT IS OFTEN avoided by individuals because it deals with attitudes  

E-print Network

that they have worked hard to accumulate. An estate plan is a tool that provides some aspect of control. If you the coordination of all your properties (stocks, bonds, cash, real estate, business interests, life insurance of your assets as possible from federal estate taxes and the other costs of estate settlement. Steps

204

Formal Methods Specification and Verification Guidebook for Software and Computer Systems. Volume 1; Planning and Technology Insertion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Formal Methods Specification and Verification Guidebook for Software and Computer Systems describes a set of techniques called Formal Methods (FM), and outlines their use in the specification and verification of computer systems and software. Development of increasingly complex systems has created a need for improved specification and verification techniques. NASA's Safety and Mission Quality Office has supported the investigation of techniques such as FM, which are now an accepted method for enhancing the quality of aerospace applications. The guidebook provides information for managers and practitioners who are interested in integrating FM into an existing systems development process. Information includes technical and administrative considerations that must be addressed when establishing the use of FM on a specific project. The guidebook is intended to aid decision makers in the successful application of FM to the development of high-quality systems at reasonable cost. This is the first volume of a planned two-volume set. The current volume focuses on administrative and planning considerations for the successful application of FM.

1995-01-01

205

ThermoData Engine (TDE): software implementation of the dynamic data evaluation concept. 5. Experiment planning and product design.  

PubMed

ThermoData Engine (TDE) is the first full-scale software implementation of the dynamic data evaluation concept, as reported recently in this journal. In the present paper, we describe development of an algorithmic approach to assist experiment planning through assessment of the existing body of knowledge, including availability of experimental thermophysical property data, variable ranges studied, associated uncertainties, state of prediction methods, and parameters for deployment of prediction methods and how these parameters can be obtained using targeted measurements, etc., and, indeed, how the intended measurement may address the underlying scientific or engineering problem under consideration. A second new feature described here is the application of the software capabilities for aid in the design of chemical products through identification of chemical systems possessing desired values of thermophysical properties within defined ranges of tolerance. The algorithms and their software implementation to achieve this are described. Finally, implementation of a new data validation and weighting system is described for vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data, and directions for future enhancements are outlined. PMID:21166466

Diky, Vladimir; Chirico, Robert D; Kazakov, Andrei F; Muzny, Chris D; Magee, Joseph W; Abdulagatov, Ilmutdin; Kang, Jeong Won; Kroenlein, Kenneth; Frenkel, Michael

2011-01-24

206

Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) program computer software test plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the information and guidelines necessary to conduct all the required testing of the Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) system. The strategy and essential components for testing the WinCal System Project are described in this test plan. The purpose of this test plan is to provide the customer and performing organizations with specific procedures for testing the specified system's functions.

Pertzborn, N.F.

1997-03-26

207

A software system for optimum design and trajectory planning of robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an interactive graphic robot-simulation system that has been developed to carry out optimum design and\\u000a to provide a robot-independent off-line motion-planning tool. The system includes model building, optimum design, trajectory\\u000a planning and graphic display, and is capable of detecting collisions. Emphasis is given to graphics facilities (translation,\\u000a scaling, removal of hidden lines, image animation, etc.). The system

H. Ding; D. S. Li; J. X. Chen; Y. L. Xiong

1989-01-01

208

Evaluating the content of Individualized Education Programs and 504 Plans of young adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the degree with which Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) and 504 Plans prepared for middle school students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) conformed to best practices and included evidence-based services. Specifically, we examined the problem areas identified in the statement of students' present level of academic achievement and functional performance (PLAAFP) and targeted in the students' measurable annual goals and objectives (MAGOs). In addition, we compared services with lists of recommended services provided by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and reviews of evidence-based practices. Participants were 97 middle school students with ADHD, 61.9% with an IEP, and 38.1% with a 504 Plan. Most (85%) IEP PLAAFP statements described nonacademic/behavior problems, but fewer than half had MAGOs targeting these areas of need. Services listed on IEPs and Section 504 Plans were frequently consistent with ED recommendations, but had little to no research supporting their effectiveness. In addition, services with evidence supporting benefit to students with ADHD were rarely included on IEPs or 504 Plans. Implications for special education policy and future directions are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25485467

Spiel, Craig F; Evans, Steven W; Langberg, Joshua M

2014-12-01

209

26 CFR 1.401-10 - Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...individual renders personal services on a full-time, or substantially full-time, basis is to be made...renders substantial personal services as a common-law employee...proprietorship, or, in the case of a partnership, a partner who owns...

2010-04-01

210

People Factors in Software Management: Lessons From Comparing Agile and Plan-Driven Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

While methodologies, management techniques, and technical approaches are valuable, a study of agile and plan-driven approaches has confirmed that the most critical success factors are much more likely to be in the realm of people factors. This paper discusses five areas where people issues can have a significant impact: staffing, culture, values, communications, and expectations management. Recently we have been

Barry Boehm

211

ANTHEM BLUE CROSS AND BLUE SHIELD You may select from two separate dental care plans to meet your individual needs. Premium cost  

E-print Network

your insurance premium costs, your share of dental insurance premiums can be paid with pre-tax dollars under the CHEIBA Trust Pre-Tax Insurance Premium Payments Account under the Flexible Benefit Plan your individual needs. Premium cost is the same for each plan and is payable on a pre- or post

212

Status quo and future plans for the Vienna VLBI Software (VieVS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna VLBI Software (VieVS) has been developed by the VLBI group at the Vienna University of Technology since 2008, and in recent years important contributions have been made by other groups all over the world. The software is written in Matlab which makes it easy for students to get an insight in VLBI processing and which allows short and concise source code. The current version 2.1 of VieVS has improved capabilities in terms of the global solution and the graphical user interface compared to earlier releases. Furthermore, more sophisticated approaches are now available in terms of scheduling VLBI sessions. Presently, we are working on the new version 2.2 which will be released this summer and which will be presented at the 5th VieVS User-Workshop in September 2014. For example, it will be equipped with a source structure simulator, as well as more refined possibilities for scheduling and the global solution. In a test version, we will also provide a graphical user interface built with Qt instead of Matlab.

Mayer, David; Böhm, Johannes; Böhm, Sigrid; Choliy, Vasyl; Hellerschmied, Andreas; Hofmeister, Armin; Karbon, Maria; Krasna, Hana; McCallum, Jamie; Madzak, Matthias; Nilsson, Tobias; Plank, Lucia; Shabala, Stas; Soja, Benedikt; Sun, Jing; Teke, Kamil

2014-05-01

213

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Statistical Software as Related to the CTBTO’s On-Site Inspection Procedure  

SciTech Connect

In the event of a potential nuclear weapons test the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is commissioned to conduct an on-site investigation (OSI) of the suspected test site in an effort to find confirmatory evidence of the nuclear test. The OSI activities include collecting air, surface soil, and underground samples to search for indications of a nuclear weapons test - these indicators include radionuclides and radioactive isotopes Ar and Xe. This report investigates the capability of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software to contribute to the sampling activities of the CTBTO during an OSI. VSP is a statistical sampling design software, constructed under data quality objectives, which has been adapted for environmental remediation and contamination detection problems for the EPA, US Army, DoD and DHS among others. This report provides discussion of a number of VSP sample designs, which may be pertinent to the work undertaken during an OSI. Examples and descriptions of such designs include hot spot sampling, combined random and judgment sampling, multiple increment sampling, radiological transect surveying, and a brief description of other potentially applicable sampling methods. Further, this work highlights a potential need for the use of statistically based sample designs in OSI activities. The use of such designs may enable canvassing a sample area without full sampling, provide a measure of confidence that radionuclides are not present, and allow investigators to refocus resources in other areas of concern.

Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Pulsipher, Brent A.; Milbrath, Brian D.

2010-09-01

214

Advanced software development workstation: Effectiveness of constraint-checking. [spaceflight simulation and planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the findings and lessons learned from the development of an intelligent user interface for a space flight planning simulation program, in the specific area related to constraint-checking. The different functionalities of the Graphical User Interface part and of the rule-based part of the system have been identified. Their respective domain of applicability for error prevention and error checking have been specified.

Izygon, Michel

1992-01-01

215

CAD/CAM guided surgery in implant dentistry. A review of software packages and step-by-step protocols for planning surgical guides.  

PubMed

Three-dimensional radiographic imaging for dental implant treatment planning is gaining widespread interest and popularity. However, application of the data from 30 imaging can be a complex and daunting process initially. The purpose of this article is to describe features of three software packages and the respective computerized guided surgical templates (GST) fabricated from them. A step-by-step method of interpreting and ordering a GST to simplify the process of the surgical planning and implant placement is discussed. PMID:24881445

Scherer, Michael D; Kattadiyil, Mathew T; Parciak, Ewa; Puri, Shweta

2014-01-01

216

Fundus image fusion in EYEPLAN software: An evaluation of a novel technique for ocular melanoma radiation treatment planning  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate a novel approach for treatment planning using digital fundus image fusion in EYEPLAN for proton beam radiation therapy (PBRT) planning for ocular melanoma. The authors used a prototype version of EYEPLAN software, which allows for digital registration of high-resolution fundus photographs. The authors examined the improvement in tumor localization by replanning with the addition of fundus photo superimposition in patients with macular area tumors. Methods: The new version of EYEPLAN (v3.05) software allows for the registration of fundus photographs as a background image. This is then used in conjunction with clinical examination, tantalum marker clips, surgeon's mapping, and ultrasound to draw the tumor contour accurately. In order to determine if the fundus image superimposition helps in tumor delineation and treatment planning, the authors identified 79 patients with choroidal melanoma in the macular location that were treated with PBRT. All patients were treated to a dose of 56 GyE in four fractions. The authors reviewed and replanned all 79 macular melanoma cases with superimposition of pretreatment and post-treatment fundus imaging in the new EYEPLAN software. For patients with no local failure, the authors analyzed whether fundus photograph fusion accurately depicted and confirmed tumor volumes as outlined in the original treatment plan. For patients with local failure, the authors determined whether the addition of the fundus photograph might have benefited in terms of more accurate tumor volume delineation. Results: The mean follow-up of patients was 33.6{+-}23 months. Tumor growth was seen in six eyes of the 79 macular lesions. All six patients were marginal failures or tumor miss in the region of dose fall-off, including one patient with both in-field recurrence as well as marginal. Among the six recurrences, three were managed by enucleation and one underwent retreatment with proton therapy. Three patients developed distant metastasis and all three patients have since died. The replanning of six patients with their original fundus photograph superimposed showed that in four cases, the treatment field adequately covered the tumor volume. In the other two patients, the overlaid fundus photographs indicated the area of marginal miss. The replanning with the fundus photograph showed improved tumor coverage in these two macular lesions. For the remaining patients without local failure, replanning with fundus photograph superimposition confirmed the tumor volume as drawn in the original treatment plan. Conclusions: Local control was excellent in patients receiving 56 GyE of PBRT for uveal melanomas in the macular region, which traditionally can be more difficult to control. Posterior lesions are better defined with the additional use of fundus image since they can be difficult to mark surgically. In one-third of treatment failing patients, the superposition of the fundus photograph would have clearly allowed improved localization of tumor. The current practice standard is to use the superimposition of the fundus photograph in addition to the surgeon's clinical and clip mapping of the tumor and ultrasound measurement to draw the tumor volume.

Daftari, Inder K.; Mishra, Kavita K.; O'Brien, Joan M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Francisco, 1600 Divisadero Street, San Francisco, California 94143-1708 (United States); and others

2010-10-15

217

Software Tools  

Cancer.gov

Software Tools What is caBIG®? NCI's Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG®) is a virtual network of interconnected data, individuals, and organizations that redefines how research is conducted, care is provided, and patients/participants interact

218

Total Cost of Ownership, System Acceptance and Perceived Success of Enterprise Resource Planning Software: Simulating a Dynamic Feedback Perspective of ERP in the Higher Education Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enterprise Research Planning (ERP) software is advertised as the product that will "run the enterprise", improving data access and accuracy as well as enhancing business process efficiency. Unfortunately, organizations often make implementation decisions with little consideration for the maintenance phase of an ERP, resulting in significant…

Fryling, Meg

2010-01-01

219

Do You Need ERP? In the Business World, Enterprise Resource Planning Software Keeps Costs down and Productivity up. Should Districts Follow Suit?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) software does what school leaders have always wanted their computer systems to do: It sees all. By integrating every IT application an organization has--from purchasing and inventory control to payroll--ERPs create a single unified system. Not only does this give IT managers a holistic view to what is happening…

Careless, James

2007-01-01

220

Do You Need ERP? In the Business World, Enterprise Resource Planning Software Keeps Costs down and Productivity up. Should Districts Follow Suit?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enterprise resource planning software does what school leaders have always wanted their computer systems to do: It sees all. By integrating every IT application an organization has--from purchasing and inventory control to payroll--ERPs create a single unified system. Not only does this give IT managers a holistic view to what is happening in the…

Careless, James

2007-01-01

221

Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management Plan (SPMP). Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

As a cabinet level federal agency with a diverse range of missions and an infrastructure spanning the United States, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has extensive freight transportation requirements. Performance and management of this freight activity is a critical function. DOE`s Transportation Management Division (TMD) has an agency-wide responsibility for overseeing transportation activities. Actual transportation operations are handled by government or contractor staff at the field locations. These staff have evolved a diverse range of techniques and procedures for performing transportation functions. In addition to minimizing the economic impact of transportation on programs, facility transportation staff must be concerned with the increasingly complex task of complying with complex shipment safety regulations. Maintaining the department`s safety record for shipping hazardous and radioactive materials is a primary goal. Use of automation to aid transportation functions is not widespread within DOE, though TMD has a number of software systems designed to gather and analyze data pertaining to field transportation activities. These systems are not integrated. Historically, most field facilities have accomplished transportation-related tasks manually or with minimal computer assistance. At best, information and decision support systems available to transportation staffs within the facilities are fragmented. In deciding where to allocate resources for automation, facility managers have not tended to give the needs of transportation departments a high priority. This diversity causes TMD significant difficulty in collecting data for use in managing department-wide transportation activities.

Weidert, R.S.

1995-05-26

222

Software Verification and Validation Plan Activities, 2011 -- SAPHIRE 8 Quality Assurance  

SciTech Connect

SV&V Updates through FY11 An official update was released in February 2011. This update was to add a new automated test, to revise the SV&V wording to indicate the operational life cycle that SAPHIRE 8 has entered, and to provide design documentation for Inspection Planning Reports (which evolved into the Plant Risk Information e-Book (PRIB)) and Analysis Speed Improvements. Another update to the SV&V will be released in conjunction with this report in September 2011 to include the following: two new automated tests, the inclusion of metrics into the testing regime and references to the addition of the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review processes.

Kurt G. Vedros; Curtis L. Smith

2011-09-01

223

SeaTrack: Ground station orbit prediction and planning software for sea-viewing satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An orbit prediction software package (Sea Track) was designed to assist High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT) stations in the acquisition of direct broadcast data from sea-viewing spacecraft. Such spacecraft will be common in the near future, with the launch of the Sea viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) in 1994, along with the continued Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) series on NOAA platforms. The Brouwer-Lyddane model was chosen for orbit prediction because it meets the needs of HRPT tracking accuracies, provided orbital elements can be obtained frequently (up to within 1 week). Sea Track requires elements from the U.S. Space Command (NORAD Two-Line Elements) for the satellite's initial position. Updated Two-Line Elements are routinely available from many electronic sources (some are listed in the Appendix). Sea Track is a menu-driven program that allows users to alter input and output formats. The propagation period is entered by a start date and end date with times in either Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) or local time. Antenna pointing information is provided in tabular form and includes azimuth/elevation pointing angles, sub-satellite longitude/latitude, acquisition of signal (AOS), loss of signal (LOS), pass orbit number, and other pertinent pointing information. One version of Sea Track (non-graphical) allows operation under DOS (for IBM-compatible personal computers) and UNIX (for Sun and Silicon Graphics workstations). A second, graphical, version displays orbit tracks, and azimuth-elevation for IBM-compatible PC's, but requires a VGA card and Microsoft FORTRAN.

Lambert, Kenneth S.; Gregg, Watson W.; Hoisington, Charles M.; Patt, Frederick S.

1993-01-01

224

A tentative framework for connecting long-term business and product planning with iterative & incremental software product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a company in the software product business, it is essential to understand how to connect business management and software development [17] and employ a solid, value-based approach in its decision-making. However, software engineering literature (SE) commonly addresses what should be done at the \\

Jarno Vähäniitty

2005-01-01

225

Role of virtual surgery in pre-operative planning: Assessing the individual components of functional nasal airway surgery  

PubMed Central

Introduction There are often multiple anatomic factors that contribute to nasal obstruction, creating difficulty in deciding which components to address for a successful outcome. The purpose of this pilot study is to demonstrate the effect of individual components of functional nasal airway surgery in a patient with multifactorial obstruction and discuss the potential benefit of computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-aided virtual surgery. Methods A 53 year old female underwent septoplasty, turbinate reduction, and nasal valve repair. Pre- and post-operative digital nasal models were created from CT images and nasal resistance was calculated using CFD techniques. The digital models were then manipulated to isolate the effects of the components of the surgery, creating a nasal valve repair alone model and a septoplasty/turbinate reduction alone model. Results Bilateral nasal resistance on the post-operative model was approximately 25% less than pre-operative values. Similarly, CFD analysis showed reductions in nasal resistance of the virtual models: 19% reduction with intranasal surgery alone and 6% reduction with nasal valve repair alone. Conclusions Most of the reduction in nasal resistance was accomplished with performance of septoplasty and inferior turbinate reduction. The contribution from nasal valve repair was less in comparison but not insignificant. This pilot study implies that CFD-aided virtual surgery may be useful as part of pre-operative planning in patients with multifactorial anatomic nasal airway obstruction. PMID:22508896

Rhee, John S.; Cannon, Daniel E.; Frank, Dennis O.; Kimbell, Julia S.

2013-01-01

226

Inclusive and Individually Adapted Education in Norway Results from a Survey Study in Two Municipalities Focusing the Roles of Headteachers, Teachers and Curriculum Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to throw light on how the intentions behind inclusive and individually adapted education in Norwegian compulsory schools are followed up in practice with regard to central aspects of the roles of headteachers, teachers and curriculum planning. The study was carried out as a postal survey of compulsory school teachers in two…

Buli-Holmberg, Jorun; Nilsen, Sven; Skogen, Kjell

2014-01-01

227

Tobacco User Certification Form Individuals who are "tobacco-users," as defined below, and covered under a Purdue University medical plan will pay an  

E-print Network

Tobacco User Certification Form Enrollment Individuals who are "tobacco-users," as defined below the Purdue medical plan. If you or your covered spouse/same-sex domestic partner have not used tobacco payrolls through the end of the calendar year. You will need to recertify your tobacco user status for each

Ginzel, Matthew

228

Web-based collaboration in individual care planning challenges the user and the provider roles – toward a power transition in caring relationships  

PubMed Central

Background and objective The Individual Care Plan (ICP) was introduced in Norway to meet new statutory requirements for user participation in health care planning, incorporating multidisciplinary and cross-sector collaboration. A web-based solution (electronic ICP [e-ICP]) was used to support the planning and documentation. The aim of this study was to investigate how web-based collaboration challenged user and professional roles. Methods Data were obtained from 15 semistructured interviews with users and eight with care professionals, and from two focus-group interviews with eight care professionals in total. The data were analyzed using systematic text condensation in a stepwise analysis model. Results Users and care professionals took either a proactive or a reluctant role in e-ICP collaboration. Where both user and care professionals were proactive, the pairing helped to ensure that the planning worked well; so did pairings of proactive care professionals and reluctant users. Proactive users paired with reluctant care professionals also made care planning work, thanks to the availability of information and the users’ own capacity or willingness to conduct the planning. Where both parties were reluctant, no planning activities occurred. Conclusion Use of the e-ICP challenged the user–professional relationship. In some cases, a power transition took place in the care process, which led to patient empowerment. This knowledge might be used to develop a new understanding of how role function can be challenged when users and care professionals have equal access to health care documentation and planning tools.

Bjerkan, Jorunn; Vatne, Solfrid; Hollingen, Anne

2014-01-01

229

Software Must Move! A Description of the Software Assembly Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a set of tools for automating and controlling the development and maintenance of software systems. The mental model is a software assembly line. Program design and construction take place at individual programmer workstations. Integration of individual software components takes place at subsequent stations on the assembly line. Software is moved automatically along the assembly line toward final

Martin J. McGowan III; William L. Anderson

2010-01-01

230

Pulmonary Masses: Initial Results of Cone-beam CT Guidance with Needle Planning Software for Percutaneous Lung Biopsy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of percutaneous lung biopsy (PLB) findings using cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) guidance (CBCT guidance) and compared to conventional biopsy guidance techniques. Methods: CBCT guidance is a stereotactic technique for needle interventions, combining 3D soft-tissue cone-beam CT, needle planning software, and real-time fluoroscopy. Between March 2007 and August 2010, we performed 84 Tru-Cut PLBs, where bronchoscopy did not provide histopathologic diagnosis. Mean patient age was 64.6 (range 24-85) years; 57 patients were men, and 25 were women. Records were prospectively collected for calculating sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy. We also registered fluoroscopy time, room time, interventional time, dose-area product (DAP), and complications. Procedures were divided into subgroups (e.g., location, size, operator). Results: Mean lesion diameter was 32.5 (range 3.0-93.0) mm, and the mean number of samples per biopsy procedure was 3.2 (range 1-7). Mean fluoroscopy time was 161 (range 104-551) s, room time was 34 (range 15-79) min, mean DAP value was 25.9 (range 3.9-80.5) Gy{center_dot}cm{sup -2}, and interventional time was 18 (range 5-65) min. Of 84 lesions, 70 were malignant (83.3%) and 14 were benign (16.7%). Seven (8.3%) of the biopsy samples were nondiagnostic. All nondiagnostic biopsied lesions proved to be malignant during surgical resection. The outcome for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy was 90% (95% confidence interval [CI] 86-96), 100% (95% CI 82-100), 100% (95% CI 96-100), 66.7% (95% CI 55-83), and 91.7% (95% CI 86-96), respectively. Sixteen patients (19%) had minor and 2 (2.4%) had major complications. Conclusion: CBCT guidance is an effective method for PLB, with results comparable to CT/CT fluoroscopy guidance.

Braak, Sicco J., E-mail: sjbraak@gmail.com [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Herder, Gerarda J. M., E-mail: j.herder@antoniusziekenhuis.nl [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Pulmonology (Netherlands); Heesewijk, Johannes P. M. van, E-mail: j.heesewijk@antoniusziekenhuis.nl; Strijen, Marco J. L. van, E-mail: m.van.strijen@antoniusziekenhuis.nl [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

2012-12-15

231

Software cost estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper gives an overview of the state of the art of software cost estimation (SCE). The main questions to be answered in the paper are: (1) What are the reasons for overruns of budgets and planned durations? (2) What are the prerequisites for estimating? (3) How can software development effort be estimated? (4) What can software project management expect

F. J. Heemstra

1992-01-01

232

Guideline on Software Maintenance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citing a need for a strong, clearly-defined approach to software maintenance, this report emphasizes the importance of maintenance throughout the life cycle of a software system. It also stresses the need to plan, develop, use, and maintain a software system with future maintenance in mind. The report presents guidance for controlling and…

National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC.

233

Software Quality Assurance Plan for GoldSim Models Supporting the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites Performance Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect

This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) applies to the development and maintenance of GoldSim models supporting the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) performance assessments (PAs) and composite analyses (CAs). Two PA models have been approved by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) as of November 2006 for the PA maintenance work undertaken by National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec). NNSA/NSO asked NSTec to assume the custodianship of the models for future development and maintenance. The models were initially developed by Neptune and Company (N&C).

Gregory J. Shott, Vefa Yucel

2007-01-03

234

Mobilization of software developers: the free software  

E-print Network

Purpose ­ The paper has three purposes: the first is to provide a deeper understanding of the ideology of developing a free enterprise resource planning software system. Findings ­ It is concluded that the ideology

Scacchi, Walt

235

Planning an Empirical Experiment To Evaluate The Effects Of Pair Work On The Design Phase Of The Software Lifecycle  

E-print Network

as compare the efficiency and cost effectiveness of the pair work approach and the individual work approaches is more efficient or cost effective than individual work approach. The aims of the experiment are to compare the quality of the design products produced by pair designers and individual designers as well

New South Wales, University of

236

Generic astronomy mission planning and scheduling: The AXAF solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

During SpaceOps 92 the idea of generic mission planning concepts for space astronomy missions, that could be applied to future missions in order to simplify software development, was introduced. It was proposed that mission planning systems could be decomposed into functional elements that could be standardized and then organized into optimal functional flows for each individual mission. In addition, it

O. T. Guffin

1994-01-01

237

A Software Size Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bottom-up approach to software size estimation is described. It first identifies factors affecting software size, thus obtaining size explanation equations, and then seeks suitable predictors based on those explanation factors which can be used for size estimation. The approach, or model, is bottom-up in that it sizes individual software components or modules first, and then obtains subsystem and system

June M. Verner; Graham Tate

1992-01-01

238

The Stickybear Reading Comprehension Series: Science. School Version with Lesson Plans for Ages 7-10. Volume 1. Stickybear Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This software product presents multi-level stories to capture the interest of children in grades two through five, while teaching them crucial reading comprehension skills. With stories touching on everything from the invention of velcro to the journey of food through the digestive system, the open-ended reading comprehension program is versatile…

1996

239

Software assurance standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This standard specifies the software assurance program for the provider of software. It also delineates the assurance activities for the provider and the assurance data that are to be furnished by the provider to the acquirer. In any software development effort, the provider is the entity or individual that actually designs, develops, and implements the software product, while the acquirer is the entity or individual who specifies the requirements and accepts the resulting products. This standard specifies at a high level an overall software assurance program for software developed for and by NASA. Assurance includes the disciplines of quality assurance, quality engineering, verification and validation, nonconformance reporting and corrective action, safety assurance, and security assurance. The application of these disciplines during a software development life cycle is called software assurance. Subsequent lower-level standards will specify the specific processes within these disciplines.

1992-01-01

240

Using Quality Improvement Methods to Implement an Electronic Medical Record (EMR) Supported Individualized Home Pain Management Plan for Children with Sickle Cell Disease  

PubMed Central

Objective Using quality improvement methodology, our goal was to develop and implement individualized home pain management plans (HPMP) that included pharmacologic as well as non-pharmacologic strategies for children with sickle cell disease (SCD). We hypothesized that successfully implemented HPMPs would have an impact on Emergency Department (ED) use, decreasing ED visits for uncomplicated SCD pain episodes. Methods A multidisciplinary quality improvement team developed a questionnaire to assess the frequency, location and severity of a patient’s pain during a routine, comprehensive visit in order to help the patient and family develop an effective pain management strategy using both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic actions. Using plan do study act cycles (PDSAs), this team was able to build this process into the daily workflow for all SCD patients age 5 years to 21 years of age. Patients with comprehensive visits scheduled from January 2012 to May 2013 were included (N=188) in the intervention. Results By May of 2013, 88% of eligible patients had an individualized HPMP in place. There was a concomitant reduction in the percentage of SCD patients seen in the ED for uncomplicated SCD pain (6.9% vs. 1.1%). Conclusions Using quality improvement methods, an individualized HPMP intervention was incorporated successfully into the daily workflow of a busy outpatient SCD clinic. This intervention has the potential to improve patient outcomes by decreasing avoidable ED visits as well as reducing overall healthcare costs. PMID:25258504

Crosby, Lori E.; Simmons, Kenya; Kaiser, Peggy; Davis, Blair; Boyd, Patricia; Eichhorn, Tiffany; Mahaney, Tracy; Joffe, Naomi; Morgan, Darice; Schibler, Kathy; Anderson, Viia; Quinn, Charles T.; Kalinyak, Karen A.

2014-01-01

241

Software test plan\\/description\\/report (STP\\/STD\\/STR) for the enhanced logistics intratheater support tool (ELIST) global data segment. Version 8.1.0.0, Database Instance Segment Version 8.1.0.0, ... [elided] and Reference Data Segment Version 8.1.0.0 for Solaris 7  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the Software Test Plan\\/Description\\/Report (STP\\/STD\\/STR) for the DII COE Enhanced Logistics Intratheater Support Tool (ELIST) mission application. It combines in one document the information normally presented separately in a Software Test Plan, a Software Test Description, and a Software Test Report; it also presents this information in one place for all the segments of the ELIST mission

K. Dritz; M. Absil-Mills; K. Jacobs

2002-01-01

242

The NLC Software Requirements Methodology  

SciTech Connect

We describe the software requirements and development methodology developed for the NLC control system. Given the longevity of that project, and the likely geographical distribution of the collaborating engineers, the planned requirements management process is somewhat more formal than the norm in high energy physics projects. The short term goals of the requirements process are to accurately estimate costs, to decompose the problem, and to determine likely technologies. The long term goal is to enable a smooth transition from high level functional requirements to specific subsystem and component requirements for individual programmers, and to support distributed development. The methodology covers both ends of that life cycle. It covers both the analytical and documentary tools for software engineering, and project management support. This paper introduces the methodology, which is fully described in [1].

Shoaee, Hamid

2002-08-20

243

Software Quality Assurance Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is a planned and systematic set of activities that ensures conformance of software life cycle processes and products conform to requirements, standards and procedures. In software development, software quality means meeting requirements and a degree of excellence and refinement of a project or product. Software Quality is a set of attributes of a software product by which its quality is described and evaluated. The set of attributes includes functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability. Software Metrics help us understand the technical process that is used to develop a product. The process is measured to improve it and the product is measured to increase quality throughout the life cycle of software. Software Metrics are measurements of the quality of software. Software is measured to indicate the quality of the product, to assess the productivity of the people who produce the product, to assess the benefits derived from new software engineering methods and tools, to form a baseline for estimation, and to help justify requests for new tools or additional training. Any part of the software development can be measured. If Software Metrics are implemented in software development, it can save time, money, and allow the organization to identify the caused of defects which have the greatest effect on software development. The summer of 2004, I worked with Cynthia Calhoun and Frank Robinson in the Software Assurance/Risk Management department. My task was to research and collect, compile, and analyze SQA Metrics that have been used in other projects that are not currently being used by the SA team and report them to the Software Assurance team to see if any metrics can be implemented in their software assurance life cycle process.

McRae, Kalindra A.

2004-01-01

244

Individualized Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

IntelliWeb and IntelliPrint, products from MicroMass Communications, utilize C Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS), a development and delivery expert systems tool developed at Johnson Space Center. IntelliWeb delivers personalized messages by dynamically creating single web pages or entire web sites based on information provided by each website visitor. IntelliPrint is a product designed to create tailored, individualized messages via printed media. The software uses proprietary technology to generate printed messages that are personally relevant and tailored to meet each individual's needs. Intelliprint is in use in many operations including Brystol-Myers Squibb's personalized newsletter, "Living at Your Best," geared to each recipient based on a health and lifestyle survey taken earlier; and SmithKline Beecham's "Nicorette Committed Quitters Program," in which customized motivational materials support participants in their attempt to quit smoking.

1997-01-01

245

MisTec - A software application for supporting space exploration scenario options and technology development analysis and planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This structure and composition of a new, emerging software application, which models and analyzes space exploration scenario options for feasibility based on technology development projections is presented. The software application consists of four main components: a scenario generator for designing and inputting scenario options and constraints; a processor which performs algorithmic coupling and options analyses of mission activity requirements and technology capabilities; a results display which graphically and textually shows coupling and options analysis results; and a data/knowledge base which contains information on a variety of mission activities and (power and propulsion) technology system capabilities. The general long-range study process used by NASA to support recent studies is briefly introduced to provide the primary basis for comparison for discussing the potential advantages to be gained from developing and applying this kind of application. A hypothetical example of a scenario option to facilitate the best conceptual understanding of what the application is, how it works, or the operating methodology, and when it might be applied is presented.

Horsham, Gary A. P.

1992-01-01

246

MisTec: A software application for supporting space exploration scenario options and technology development analysis and planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The structure and composition of a new, emerging software application, which models and analyzes space exploration scenario options for feasibility based on technology development projections is presented. The software application consists of four main components: a scenario generator for designing and inputting scenario options and constraints; a processor which performs algorithmic coupling and options analyses of mission activity requirements and technology capabilities; a results display which graphically and textually shows coupling and options analysis results; and a data/knowledge base which contains information on a variety of mission activities and (power and propulsion) technology system capabilities. The general long-range study process used by NASA to support recent studies is briefly introduced to provide the primary basis for comparison for discussing the potential advantages to be gained from developing and applying this king of application. A hypothetical example of a scenario option to facilitate the best conceptual understanding of what the application is, how it works, or the operating methodology, and when it might be applied is presented.

Horsham, Gary A. P.

1991-01-01

247

Computer-aided design in urban development and management—A software for integrated planning and design by optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning and Design in Urban Development, consuming large Resources entailing many variables giving numerous solutions with large variations in resource-efficiency indicators, is a problem-solving process (Mitchell WJ. Computer-aided architectural design. New York: Petrocelli\\/Charter; 1977) involving search through numerous potential solutions to select a particular solution that meets a specified criteria, making computer-use indispensable. Planners\\/Designers (e.g. engineers\\/architects\\/planners) Commit huge Resources (e.g.

B. K. Chakrabarty

2007-01-01

248

Demystifying software What is software?  

E-print Network

design! } Even your car is running on software! } Software Defined Network (SDN) #12;So will studying 100 best companies to work for } #1: Google (software) } #2: SAS (software) } #6: NetApp (software

Prodiæ, Aleksandar

249

Software reuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software reuse is the process of creating software systems from existing software rather than building software systems from scratch. This simple yet powerful vision was introduced in 1968. Software reuse has, however, failed to become a standard software engineering practice. In an attempt to understand why, researchers have renewed their interest in software reuse and in the obstacles to implementing

Charles W. Krueger

1992-01-01

250

78 FR 47015 - Software Requirement Specifications for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Validation, Reviews, and Audits for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Revision 1 of RG 1.170, ``Test Documentation for Digital Computer Software used in...

2013-08-02

251

Ascent/Descent Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Ascent/Descent Software Suite has been used to support a variety of NASA Shuttle Program mission planning and analysis activities, such as range safety, on the Integrated Planning System (IPS) platform. The Ascent/Descent Software Suite, containing Ascent Flight Design (ASC)/Descent Flight Design (DESC) Configuration items (Cis), lifecycle documents, and data files used for shuttle ascent and entry modeling analysis and mission design, resides on IPS/Linux workstations. A list of tools in Navigation (NAV)/Prop Software Suite represents tool versions established during or after the IPS Equipment Rehost-3 project.

Brown, Charles; Andrew, Robert; Roe, Scott; Frye, Ronald; Harvey, Michael; Vu, Tuan; Balachandran, Krishnaiyer; Bly, Ben

2012-01-01

252

Software engineering and software documentation: a unified long course  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes the development of a course at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology that integrates software engineering and software documentation. A brief evaluation is followed by a discussion of future plans. It is pointed out that the most significant benefit of the combined course is the improved software engineering abilities of the students. The students see the importance of presentation

F. H. Young

1991-01-01

253

NASA Software Documentation Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Software Documentation Standard (hereinafter referred to as "Standard") is designed to support the documentation of all software developed for NASA; its goal is to provide a framework and model for recording the essential information needed throughout the development life cycle and maintenance of a software system. The NASA Software Documentation Standard can be applied to the documentation of all NASA software. The Standard is limited to documentation format and content requirements. It does not mandate specific management, engineering, or assurance standards or techniques. This Standard defines the format and content of documentation for software acquisition, development, and sustaining engineering. Format requirements address where information shall be recorded and content requirements address what information shall be recorded. This Standard provides a framework to allow consistency of documentation across NASA and visibility into the completeness of project documentation. The basic framework consists of four major sections (or volumes). The Management Plan contains all planning and business aspects of a software project, including engineering and assurance planning. The Product Specification contains all technical engineering information, including software requirements and design. The Assurance and Test Procedures contains all technical assurance information, including Test, Quality Assurance (QA), and Verification and Validation (V&V). The Management, Engineering, and Assurance Reports is the library and/or listing of all project reports.

1991-01-01

254

A Learning Software Design Competition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the University of Minnesota Learning Software Design Competition, focusing on its goals and emphasis on innovation. Describes the review process to evaluate and judge the software, lists the winners, identifies a new class of educational software, and outlines plans for future competitions. (Author/LRW)

Hooper, Simon; Hokanson, Brad; Bernhardt, Paul; Johnson, Mark

2002-01-01

255

Software Process Extraction and Identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial software is planned, managed, and created us- ing a variety of approaches: sometimes a formal Software Development Life-cycle (SDLC) model is used, sometimes an approach that is less formal but has clearly identifiable stages is employed, and sometimes little if any discernible process is followed. In this paper, we extract and correlate the software development process with behaviour and

Abram Hindle; Michael W. Godfrey; Richard C. Holt

256

Software Reuse Issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Langley Research Center sponsored a Workshop on NASA Research in Software Reuse on November 17-18, 1988 in Melbourne, Florida, hosted by Software Productivity Solutions, Inc. Participants came from four NASA centers and headquarters, eight NASA contractor companies, and three research institutes. Presentations were made on software reuse research at the four NASA centers; on Eli, the reusable software synthesis system designed and currently under development by SPS; on Space Station Freedom plans for reuse; and on other reuse research projects. This publication summarizes the presentations made and the issues discussed during the workshop.

Voigt, Susan J. (editor); Smith, Kathryn A. (editor)

1989-01-01

257

A Longitudinal Field Investigation of Gender Differences in Individual Technology Adoption Decision-Making Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated gender differences in the overlooked context of individual adoption and sustained usage of technology in the workplace using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). User reactions and technology usage behavior were studied over a 5-month period among 355 workers being introduced to a new software technology application. When compared to women's decisions, the decisions of men were

Viswanath Venkatesh; Michael G. Morris; Phillip L. Ackerman

2000-01-01

258

NASA software documentation standard software engineering program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Software Documentation Standard (hereinafter referred to as Standard) can be applied to the documentation of all NASA software. This Standard is limited to documentation format and content requirements. It does not mandate specific management, engineering, or assurance standards or techniques. This Standard defines the format and content of documentation for software acquisition, development, and sustaining engineering. Format requirements address where information shall be recorded and content requirements address what information shall be recorded. This Standard provides a framework to allow consistency of documentation across NASA and visibility into the completeness of project documentation. This basic framework consists of four major sections (or volumes). The Management Plan contains all planning and business aspects of a software project, including engineering and assurance planning. The Product Specification contains all technical engineering information, including software requirements and design. The Assurance and Test Procedures contains all technical assurance information, including Test, Quality Assurance (QA), and Verification and Validation (V&V). The Management, Engineering, and Assurance Reports is the library and/or listing of all project reports.

1991-01-01

259

Dtest Testing Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software runs a suite of arbitrary software tests spanning various software languages and types of tests (unit level, system level, or file comparison tests). The dtest utility can be set to automate periodic testing of large suites of software, as well as running individual tests. It supports distributing multiple tests over multiple CPU cores, if available. The dtest tool is a utility program (written in Python) that scans through a directory (and its subdirectories) and finds all directories that match a certain pattern and then executes any tests in that directory as described in simple configuration files.

Jain, Abhinandan; Cameron, Jonathan M.; Myint, Steven

2013-01-01

260

Planning for Individual and Cooperative Library Automation Projects: An Overview of the Process (Revised) and Documenting the Costs of Automated Library Systems: A Checklist (Revised).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide managers with a basic introduction to the planning components and procedures involved in planning for library automation, the overview provided here offers guidelines for eight documents that may be produced as part of such a study: (1) Automation Project Long Range Plan (60 Month Plan), an executive summary document providing…

Walton, Bob

261

The Individualized Teacher Improvement Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This author states her belief that there must be an answer to devising an effective and credible way to link compensation to professional development and improved teaching. Such a model would need to be transparent, equitable, and financially manageable for the school. It would need to marry objectivity with the art of teaching, and have buy-in…

Hamlin, Erica

2013-01-01

262

Software Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSC 450. Software Engineering (3) Prerequisite: CSC 332 and senior standing. Study of the design and production of large and small software systems. Topics include systems engineering, software life-cycle and characterization; use of software tools. Substantial software project required.

Dr Gene Tagliarini

263

Software maintenance outsourcing: Issues and strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software maintenance outsourcing is becoming a popular alternative in software industry. Software companies are looking at outsourcing their maintenance and support activities as an area for competitive advantage. There are risks and benefits of introducing subcontractors in the framework of software outsourcing. Reliable maintenance is only possible if adequate measures are taken in advance during project’s development and maintenance planning

Rana Ejaz Ahmed

2006-01-01

264

Social media for software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media has changed the way that people collaborate and share information. In this paper, we highlight its impact for enabling new ways for software teams to form and work together. Individuals will self-organize within and across organizational boundaries. Grassroots software development communities will emerge centered around new technologies, common processes and attractive target markets. Companies consisting of lone individuals

Andrew Begel; Robert DeLine; Thomas Zimmermann

2010-01-01

265

Individualized Educational Programming. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual is designed to help teachers develop effective and efficient individual educational plans for severely handicapped children. Initial sections explain the four major parts of educational programing (short- and long-term objectives, an instructional plan, and a means of monitoring progress) and the importance of a problem-oriented system.…

Bricker, William A.; Campbell, Philippa H.

266

A Plan for Individualizing Instruction for the Senior Government Class Through Use of Problem Solving Units. Colorado Western States Small Schools Project Documentation (Silverton High School, Silverton, Colorado, 1963-64).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1963-64 school year, a secondary teacher from the rurally isolated area of Silverton, Colorado initiated an individualized program in problem solving for a senior social studies class (N=8-10). Utilizing community resources, the instructor planned several units on government, while the students selected resource materials from the…

Higgs, Norman E.

267

Annotated bibliography of Software Engineering Laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is an annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. Nearly 200 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: the Software Engineering Laboratory; the Software Engineering Laboratory: software development documents; software tools; software models; software measurement; technology evaluations; Ada technology; and data collection. This document contains an index of these publications classified by individual author.

Morusiewicz, Linda; Valett, Jon

1993-01-01

268

Orbit Software Suite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbit Software Suite is used to support a variety of NASA/DM (Dependable Multiprocessor) mission planning and analysis activities on the IPS (Intrusion Prevention System) platform. The suite of Orbit software tools (Orbit Design and Orbit Dynamics) resides on IPS/Linux workstations, and is used to perform mission design and analysis tasks corresponding to trajectory/ launch window, rendezvous, and proximity operations flight segments. A list of tools in Orbit Software Suite represents tool versions established during/after the Equipment Rehost-3 Project.

Osgood, Cathy; Williams, Kevin; Gentry, Philip; Brownfield, Dana; Hallstrom, John; Stuit, Tim

2012-01-01

269

25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...Minors § 115.425 What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...involving a minor's trust funds? If we find that a distribution plan has not...

2012-04-01

270

25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...Minors § 115.425 What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...involving a minor's trust funds? If we find that a distribution plan has not...

2011-04-01

271

25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...  

...2014-04-01 false What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...Minors § 115.425 What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...involving a minor's trust funds? If we find that a distribution plan has not...

2014-04-01

272

25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...Minors § 115.425 What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...involving a minor's trust funds? If we find that a distribution plan has not...

2010-04-01

273

25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...Minors § 115.425 What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been...involving a minor's trust funds? If we find that a distribution plan has not...

2013-04-01

274

Modeling software artifact count attribute with s-curves  

E-print Network

The estimation of software project attributes, such as size, is important for software project resource planning and process control. However, research regarding software attribute modeling, such as size, effort, and cost, are high-level and static...

Ma, Norman K

2008-10-10

275

Modeling software artifact count attribute with s-curves  

E-print Network

The estimation of software project attributes, such as size, is important for software project resource planning and process control. However, research regarding software attribute modeling, such as size, effort, and cost, are high-level and static...

Ma, Norman K.

2009-05-15

276

Software and Global Health: Assessing Vaccine Cold Chains from  

E-print Network

Software and Global Health: Assessing Vaccine Cold Chains from National Equipment Inventories of inventory based cold chain planning to global health 2. Stakeholders for global health software 3. Software

Anderson, Richard

277

78 FR 47011 - Software Unit Testing for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Validation, Reviews, and Audits for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Revision 1 of RG 1.170, ``Test Documentation for Digital Computer Software used in...

2013-08-02

278

Total Body Irradiation, Toward Optimal Individual Delivery: Dose Evaluation With Metal Oxide Field Effect Transistors, Thermoluminescence Detectors, and a Treatment Planning System  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To predict the three-dimensional dose distribution of our total body irradiation technique, using a commercial treatment planning system (TPS). In vivo dosimetry, using metal oxide field effect transistors (MOSFETs) and thermoluminescence detectors (TLDs), was used to verify the calculated dose distributions. Methods and Materials: A total body computed tomography scan was performed and loaded into our TPS, and a three-dimensional-dose distribution was generated. In vivo dosimetry was performed at five locations on the patient. Entrance and exit dose values were converted to midline doses using conversion factors, previously determined with phantom measurements. The TPS-predicted dose values were compared with the MOSFET and TLD in vivo dose values. Results: The MOSFET and TLD dose values agreed within 3.0% and the MOSFET and TPS data within 0.5%. The convolution algorithm of the TPS, which is routinely applied in the clinic, overestimated the dose in the lung region. Using a superposition algorithm reduced the calculated lung dose by approximately 3%. The dose inhomogeneity, as predicted by the TPS, can be reduced using a simple intensity-modulated radiotherapy technique. Conclusions: The use of a TPS to calculate the dose distributions in individual patients during total body irradiation is strongly recommended. Using a TPS gives good insight of the over- and underdosage in a patient and the influence of patient positioning on dose homogeneity. MOSFETs are suitable for in vivo dosimetry purposes during total body irradiation, when using appropriate conversion factors. The MOSFET, TLD, and TPS results agreed within acceptable margins.

Bloemen-van Gurp, Esther J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Maastro Clinic, GROW, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht (Netherlands)], E-mail: esther.bloemen@maastro.nl; Mijnheer, Ben J.; Verschueren, Tom A.M.; Lambin, Philippe [Department of Radiation Oncology, Maastro Clinic, GROW, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht (Netherlands)

2007-11-15

279

Comparison of dose calculations between pencil-beam and Monte Carlo algorithms of the iPlan RT in arc therapy using a homogenous phantom with 3DVH software  

PubMed Central

Background To create an arc therapy plan, certain current general calculation algorithms such as pencil-beam calculation (PBC) are based on discretizing the continuous arc into multiple fields to simulate an arc. The iPlan RT™ treatment planning system incorporates not only a PBC algorithm, but also a more recent Monte Carlo calculation (MCC) algorithm that does not need beam discretization. The objective of this study is to evaluate the dose differences in a homogenous phantom between PBC and MCC by using a three-dimensional (3D) diode array detector (ArcCHECK™) and 3DVH software. Methods A cylindrically shaped ‘target’ region of interest (ROI) and a ‘periphery ROI’ surrounding the target were designed. An arc therapy plan was created to deliver 600 cGy to the target within a 350° rotation angle, calculated using the PBC and MCC algorithms. The radiation doses were measured by the ArcCHECK, and reproduced by the 3DVH software. Through this process, we could compare the accuracy of both algorithms with regard to the 3D gamma passing rate (for the entire area and for each ROI). Results Comparing the PBC and MCC planned dose distributions directly, the 3D gamma passing rates for the entire area were 97.7% with the gamma 3%/3 mm criterion. Comparing the planned dose to the measured dose, the 3D gamma passing rates were 98.8% under the PBC algorithm and 100% under the MCC algorithm. The difference was statistically significant (p?=?0.034). Furthermore the gamma passing rate decreases 7.5% in the PBC when using the 2%/2 mm criterion compared to only a 0.4% decrease under the MCC. Each ROI as well as the entire area showed statistically significant higher gamma passing rates under the MCC algorithm. The failure points that did not satisfy the gamma criteria showed a regular pattern repeated every 10°. Conclusions MCC showed better accuracy than the PBC of the iPlan RT in calculating the dose distribution in arc therapy, which was validated with the ArcCHECK and the 3DVH software. This may suggest that the arc step of 10° is too large in the PBC algorithm in the iPlan RT. PMID:24305109

2013-01-01

280

Music Sequencing and Printing Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that sequencing and printing software eliminates the barriers to students composing music. Describes "Master Tracks Pro," a sequencing program, and "Rhapsody," a printing program. Includes a lesson plan for setting pentatonic music to a poem. (CMK)

Kassner, Kirk

2000-01-01

281

EQ3/6 software test and verification report 9/94  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Software Test and Verification Report (STVR) for the EQ3/6 suite of codes as stipulated in the Individual Software Plan for Initial Qualification of EQ3/6 (ISP-NF-07, Revision 1, 11/25/92). The software codes, EQPT, EQ3NR, EQ6, and the software library EQLIB constitute the EQ3/6 software package. This software test and verification project for EQ3/6 was started under the requirements of the LLNL Yucca Mountain Project Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP), Revision 0, December 14, 1989, but QP 3.2, Revision 2, June 21, 1994 is now the operative controlling procedure. This is a ``V and V`` report in the language of QP 3.2, Revision 2. Because the author of this report does not have a background in geochemistry, other technical sources were consulted in order to acquire some familiarity with geochemisty, the terminology minology involved, and to review comparable computational methods especially, geochemical aqueous speciation-solubility calculations. The software for the EQ3/6 package consists of approximately 47,000 lines of FORTRAN77 source code and nine on platforms ranging from workstations to supercomputers. The physical control of EQ3/6 software package and documentation is on a SUN SPARC station. Walkthroughs of each principal software packages, EQPT, EQ3NR, and EQ6 were conducted in order to understand the computational procedures involved, to determine any commonality in procedures, and then to establish a plan for the test and verification of EQ3/6. It became evident that all three phases depended upon solving an n x n matrix by the Newton-Raphson Method. Thus, a great deal of emphasis on the test and verification of this procedure was carried out on the first code in the software package EQPT.

Kishi, T.

1996-02-01

282

Software Carpentry: lessons learned  

PubMed Central

Over the last 15 years, Software Carpentry has evolved from a week-long training course at the US National Laboratories into a worldwide volunteer effort to raise standards in scientific computing. This article explains what we have learned along the way, the challenges we now face, and our plans for the future. PMID:24715981

Wilson, Greg

2014-01-01

283

Software Carpentry: Lessons Learned  

E-print Network

Over the last 15 years, Software Carpentry has evolved from a week-long training course at the US national laboratories into a worldwide volunteer effort to raise standards in scientific computing. This article explains what we have learned along the way the challenges we now face, and our plans for the future.

Greg Wilson

2014-01-29

284

Managers Handbook for Software Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Methods and aids for the management of software development projects are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and experiences with flight dynamics software development. The management aspects of organizing the project, producing a development plan, estimation costs, scheduling, staffing, preparing deliverable documents, using management tools, monitoring the project, conducting reviews, auditing, testing, and certifying are described.

Agresti, W.; Mcgarry, F.; Card, D.; Page, J.; Church, V.; Werking, R.

1984-01-01

285

Software Testing and Verification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The current issue of the IBM Systems Journal examines many aspects of software testing and verification. This new material contains ten articles written by workers in the IBM Research Division. Some of the papers, such as Testing z/OS, might be specific to IBM operations; however, most can be useful to individuals or companies implementing similar testing strategies. One article in particular discusses three case studies of Orthogonal Defect Classification and how it can be used "to improve software testing." Although the issue cannot be downloaded as a whole, individual papers can be viewed or downloaded in various formats.

2002-01-01

286

Guidelines for Sandia ASCI Verification and Validation Plans - Content and Format: Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes general guidelines for the development of Verification and Validation (V and V) plans for ASCI code projects at Sandia National Laboratories. The main content categories recommended by these guidelines for explicit treatment in Sandia V and V plans are (1) stockpile drivers influencing the code development project (2) the key phenomena to be modeled by the individual code; (3) software verification strategy and test plan; and (4) code validation strategy and test plans. The authors of this document anticipate that the needed content of the V and V plans for the Sandia ASCI codes will evolve as time passes. These needs will be reflected by future versions of this document.

TRUCANO,TIMOTHY G.; MOYA,JAIME L.

1999-12-01

287

Keeping the Software Documentation Up to Date in Small Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software configuration management is one of the first requirements to achieve quality in the software process. However, these activities are very difficult to be introduced, mainly in small software companies. This work proposes a software configuration management plan for small software business. In order to accomplish this goal, an empirical research was carried out, using the Goal\\/ Question\\/ Metric method

Renato Ferrari Pacheco; Rosely Sanches

2000-01-01

288

Modernization of software quality assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The customers satisfaction depends not only on functional performance, it also depends on the quality characteristics of the software products. An examination of this quality aspect of software products will provide a clear, well defined framework for quality assurance functions, which improve the life-cycle activities of software development. Software developers must be aware of the following aspects which have been expressed by many quality experts: quality cannot be added on; the level of quality built into a program is a function of the quality attributes employed during the development process; and finally, quality must be managed. These concepts have guided our development of the following definition for a Software Quality Assurance function: Software Quality Assurance is a formal, planned approach of actions designed to evaluate the degree of an identifiable set of quality attributes present in all software systems and their products. This paper is an explanation of how this definition was developed and how it is used.

Bhaumik, Gokul

1988-01-01

289

NASA's Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft launched that does not have a computer on board that will provide command and control services. There have been recent incidents where software has played a role in high-profile mission failures and hazardous incidents. For example, the Mars Orbiter, Mars Polar Lander, the DART (Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology), and MER (Mars Exploration Rover) Spirit anomalies were all caused or contributed to by software. The Mission Control Centers for the Shuttle, ISS, and unmanned programs are highly dependant on software for data displays, analysis, and mission planning. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been little to no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Meanwhile, academia and private industry have been stepping forward with procedures and standards for safety critical systems and software, for example Dr. Nancy Leveson's book Safeware: System Safety and Computers. The NASA Software Safety Standard, originally published in 1997, was widely ignored due to its complexity and poor organization. It also focused on concepts rather than definite procedural requirements organized around a software project lifecycle. Led by NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard has recently undergone a significant update. This new standard provides the procedures and guidelines for evaluating a project for safety criticality and then lays out the minimum project lifecycle requirements to assure the software is created, operated, and maintained in the safest possible manner. This update of the standard clearly delineates the minimum set of software safety requirements for a project without detailing the implementation for those requirements. This allows the projects leeway to meet these requirements in many forms that best suit a particular project's needs and safety risk. In other words, it tells the project what to do, not how to do it. This update also incorporated advances in the state of the practice of software safety from academia and private industry. It addresses some of the more common issues now facing software developers in the NASA environment such as the use of Commercial-Off-the-Shelf Software (COTS), Modified OTS (MOTS), Government OTS (GOTS), and reused software. A team from across NASA developed the update and it has had both NASA-wide internal reviews by software engineering, quality, safety, and project management. It has also had expert external review. This presentation and paper will discuss the new NASA Software Safety Standard, its organization, and key features. It will start with a brief discussion of some NASA mission failures and incidents that had software as one of their root causes. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Safety Process. This will include an overview of the key personnel responsibilities and functions that must be performed for safety-critical software.

Ramsay, Christopher M.

2007-01-01

290

Software Design Improvements. Part 1; Software Benefits and Limitations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer hardware and associated software have been used for many years to process accounting information, to analyze test data and to perform engineering analysis. Now computers and software also control everything from automobiles to washing machines and the number and type of applications are growing at an exponential rate. The size of individual program has shown similar growth. Furthermore, software and hardware are used to monitor and/or control potentially dangerous products and safety-critical systems. These uses include everything from airplanes and braking systems to medical devices and nuclear plants. The question is: how can this hardware and software be made more reliable? Also, how can software quality be improved? What methodology needs to be provided on large and small software products to improve the design and how can software be verified?

Lalli, Vincent R.; Packard, Michael H.; Ziemianski, Tom

1997-01-01

291

Application of a mathematical model to an intermediate- to long-term real-world steel production planning problem based on standard software  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a case study accomplished for the production planning of a German steel producer is presented. This includes the description of a lot-sizing problem and a related simple mathematical model formulated in order to meet the requirements for the mid- to long-term planning of the steel producer. Both the mathematical model and the representation of the results had

Andreas Witt; Stefan Voss

2011-01-01

292

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. Updated: 7/4/13  

E-print Network

to the SFU Calendar MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. Updated: 7/4/13 2 This graduation plan is a guideline only. Please refer to the SFU calendar for full

293

Applying Software Design Methodology to Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The premise of this paper is that computer science has much to offer the endeavor of instructional improvement. Software design processes employed in computer science for developing software can be used for planning instruction and should improve instruction in much the same manner that design processes appear to have improved software. Techniques…

East, J. Philip

2004-01-01

294

Software Management Environment (SME): Components and algorithms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document presents the components and algorithms of the Software Management Environment (SME), a management tool developed for the Software Engineering Branch (Code 552) of the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD) of the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The SME provides an integrated set of visually oriented experienced-based tools that can assist software development managers in managing and planning software development projects. This document describes and illustrates the analysis functions that underlie the SME's project monitoring, estimation, and planning tools. 'SME Components and Algorithms' is a companion reference to 'SME Concepts and Architecture' and 'Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) Relationships, Models, and Management Rules.'

Hendrick, Robert; Kistler, David; Valett, Jon

1994-01-01

295

The PANIC software system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PANIC is the Panoramic Near Infrared Camera for the 2.2m and 3.5m telescopes at Calar Alto observatory. The aim of the project is to build a wide-field general purpose NIR camera. In this paper we describe the software system of the instrument, which comprises four main packages: GEIRS for the instrument control and the data acquisition; the Observation Tool (OT), the software used for detailed definition and pre-planning the observations, developed in Java; the Quick Look tool (PQL) for easy inspection of the data in real-time and a scientific pipeline (PAPI), both based on the Python programming language.

Ibáñez Mengual, José M.; Fernández, Matilde; Rodríguez Gómez, Julio F.; García Segura, Antonio J.; Storz, Clemens

2010-07-01

296

Software safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

Leveson, Nancy

1987-01-01

297

Louisiana State Performance Plan--Part B. July 1, 2005-June 30, 2011. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Educational Improvement Act of 2004. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Louisiana developed a time frame for compiling the State Performance Plan with as much opportunity for broad stakeholder input as possible before the required submission date. Bearing in mind the requirements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation, Louisiana's Steering Committee projected performance targets through the year 2014 for the…

White, John

2012-01-01

298

Does integrating family planning into HIV care and treatment impact intention to use contraception? Patient perspectives from HIV-infected individuals in Nyanza Province, Kenya  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate whether HIV-infected women and men in HIV care and not using highly effective methods of contraception thought they would be more likely to use contraception if it were available at the HIV clinic. Methods A face-to-face survey assessing family-planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices was conducted among 976 HIV-infected women and men at 18 public-sector HIV clinics in Nyanza, Kenya. Data were analyzed using logistic regression and generalized estimating equations. Results The majority of women (73%) and men (71%) thought that they or their partner would be more likely to use family planning if it were offered at the HIV clinic. In multivariable analysis, women who reported making family-planning decisions with their partner (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.22; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.53–6.80) and women aged 18–25 years who were not currently using family planning (aOR 4.76; 95% CI, 2.28–9.95) were more likely to think they would use contraception if integrated services were available. Women who perceived themselves to be infertile (aOR 0.07; 95% CI, 0.02–0.31) and had access to a cell phone (aOR 0.40; 95% CI, 0.25–0.63) were less likely to think that integrated services would change their contraceptive use. Men who were not taking antiretroviral medications (aOR 3.30; 95% CI, 1.49–7.29) were more likely, and men who were unsure of their partner’s desired number of children (aOR 0.36; 95% CI, 0.17–0.76), were not currently using family planning (aOR 0.40; 95% CI, 0.22–0.73), and were living in a peri-urban setting (aOR 0.46; 95% CI, 0.21–0.99) were less likely to think their partner would use contraception if available at the HIV clinic. Conclusions Integrating family planning into HIV care would probably have a broad impact on the majority of women and men accessing HIV care and treatment. Integrated services would offer the opportunity to involve men more actively in the contraceptive decision-making process, potentially addressing 2 barriers to family planning: access to contraception and partner uncertainty or opposition. PMID:24008310

Newmann, Sara J.; Grossman, Daniel; Blat, Cinthia; Onono, Maricianah; Steinfeld, Rachel; Bukusi, Elizabeth A.; Shade, Starley; Cohen, Craig R.

2013-01-01

299

LDUA software custodian`s notebook  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the activities to be performed and controls to be applied to the process of specifying, obtaining, and qualifying the control and data acquisition software for the Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) System. It serves the purpose of a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation plan, and a configuration management plan. This plan applies to all software that is an integral part of the LDUA control and data acquisition system, that is, software that is installed in the computers that are part of the LDUA system as it is deployed in the field. This plan applies to the entire development process, including: requirements; design; implementation; and operations and maintenance. This plan does not apply to any software that is not integral with the LDUA system. This plan has-been prepared in accordance with WHC-CM-6-1 Engineering Practices, EP-2.1; WHC-CM-3-10 Software Practices; and WHC-CM-4-2, QR 19.0, Software Quality Assurance Requirements.

Aftanas, B.L.

1998-08-20

300

Relay Sequence Generation Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Due to thermal and electromagnetic interactivity between the UHF (ultrahigh frequency) radio onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), which performs relay sessions with the Martian landers, and the remainder of the MRO payloads, it is required to integrate and de-conflict relay sessions with the MRO science plan. The MRO relay SASF/PTF (spacecraft activity sequence file/ payload target file) generation software facilitates this process by generating a PTF that is needed to integrate the periods of time during which MRO supports relay activities with the rest of the MRO science plans. The software also generates the needed command products that initiate the relay sessions, some features of which are provided by the lander team, some are managed by MRO internally, and some being derived.

Gladden, Roy E.; Khanampompan, Teerapat

2009-01-01

301

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three computer software: (1) "Elastic Lines: The Electronic Geoboard" on elementary geometry; (2) "Wildlife Adventures: Whales" on environmental science; and (3) "What Do You Do with a Broken Calculator?" on computation and problem solving. Summarizes the descriptions, strengths and weaknesses, and applications of each software. (YP)

Bitter, Gary G., Ed.

1990-01-01

302

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents reviews of six computer software programs for teaching science. Provides the publisher, grade level, cost, and descriptions of software, including: (1) "Recycling Logic"; (2) "Introduction to Biochemistry"; (3) "Food for Thought"; (4) "Watts in a Home"; (5) "Geology in Action"; and (6) "Biomes." All are for Apple series microcomputers.…

Wulfson, Stephen

1988-01-01

303

Application of Software Design Principles and Debugging Methods to an Analgesia Prescription Reduces Risk of Severe Injury From Medical Use of Opioids  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prescription is a health-care program implemented by a physician or other qualified practitioner in the form of instructions that govern the plan of care for an individual patient. Although the algorithmic nature of prescriptions is axiomatic, this insight has not been applied systematically to medication safety. We used software design principles and debugging methods to create a “Patient-oriented Prescription

SM Belknap; H Moore; SA Lanzotti; PR Yarnold; M Getz; DL Deitrick; A Peterson; J Akeson; T Maurer; RC Soltysik; GA Storm; I Brooks

2008-01-01

304

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight  

SciTech Connect

The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP), Configuration Management Plan, Quality Assurance Plan, Software Project Plan, Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM), System Test Plan, SDP Interface Training Manual, and the SAPHIRE 8, 'New Features and Capabilities Overview'.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

305

CHSSI Software for Geometrically Complex Unsteady Aerodynamic Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive package of scalable overset grid CFD software is reviewed. The software facilitates accurate simulation of complete aircraft aerodynamics, including viscous effects, unsteadiness, and relative motion between component parts. The software significantly lowers the manpower and computer costs normally associated with such efforts. The software is discussed in terms of current capabilities and planned future enhancements.

Chan, William M.; Meakin, Robert L.; Potsdam, Mark A.

2001-01-01

306

Individual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paper presented at the 66th Convention of the International Association of Pupil Personnel Workers, October 20, 1980, Baltimore, Maryland, describes individual education based on the principles of Alfred Adler. Defines six advantages of individual education, emphasizing student responsibility, mutual respect, and allowing students to progress at…

Corsini, Raymond

1981-01-01

307

Design of Mariner 9 Science Sequences using Interactive Graphics Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper discusses the analyst/computer system used to design the daily science sequences required to carry out the desired Mariner 9 science plan. The Mariner 9 computer environment, the development and capabilities of the science sequence design software, and the techniques followed in the daily mission operations are discussed. Included is a discussion of the overall mission operations organization and the individual components which played an essential role in the sequence design process. A summary of actual sequences processed, a discussion of problems encountered, and recommendations for future applications are given.

Freeman, J. E.; Sturms, F. M, Jr.; Webb, W. A.

1973-01-01

308

Administrator's Guide to Technology: Planning, Funding & Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidelines for administrators related to instructional technology and planning. Chapter 1 discusses planning, including developing a technology plan, facility assessment, e-rate planning, formation of a technology committee, budget planning, and hardware/software replacement plan and costs. Chapter 2 addresses…

Aspen Education Development Group, Gaithersburg, MD.

309

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a review of four science software programs. Includes topics such as plate tectonics, laboratory experiment simulations, the human body, and light and temperature. Contains information on ordering and reviewers' comments. (ML)

Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

1987-01-01

310

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a variety of computer software. Subjects reviewed include history simulations and wordprocessing programs. Some of the eleven packages reviewed are Thog, North Utilities, HBJ Writer, Textra, Pro-cite, and Simulation Construction Kit. (BSR)

Slatta, Richard W. And Others

1987-01-01

311

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a variety of computer software. The packages reviewed include a variety of simulations, a spread sheet, a printer driver and an alternative operating system for DBM.PCs and compatible programs. (BSR)

Kimball, Jeffrey P.; And Others

1987-01-01

312

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are seven software packages for Apple and IBM computers. Included are: "Toxicology"; "Science Corner: Space Probe"; "Alcohol and Pregnancy"; "Science Tool Kit Plus"; Computer Investigations: Plant Growth"; "Climatrolls"; and "Animal Watch: Whales." (CW)

Dwyer, Donna; And Others

1989-01-01

313

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are six computer software packages including "Lunar Greenhouse,""Dyno-Quest,""How Weather Works,""Animal Trackers,""Personal Science Laboratory," and "The Skeletal and Muscular Systems." Availability, functional, and hardware requirements are discussed. (CW)

Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

1990-01-01

314

Software agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper, we discuss these questions and describe someemerging technologies that provide answers. In the final section, we mention some additionalissues and summarize the key points of the paper. (For more information onagent-based software engineering, see [Genesereth 1989] and [Genesereth 1992]. See also[Shoham 1993] for a description of a variation of agent-based software engineering knownas "agent-oriented programming".)2. Agent Communication Language

Michael R. Genesereth; Steven P. Ketchpel

1994-01-01

315

Software for Simulating Air Traffic  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future Air Traffic Management Concepts Evaluation Tool (FACET) is a system of software for performing computational simulations for evaluating advanced concepts of advanced air-traffic management. FACET includes a program that generates a graphical user interface plus programs and databases that implement computational models of weather, airspace, airports, navigation aids, aircraft performance, and aircraft trajectories. Examples of concepts studied by use of FACET include aircraft self-separation for free flight; prediction of air-traffic-controller workload; decision support for direct routing; integration of spacecraft-launch operations into the U.S. national airspace system; and traffic- flow-management using rerouting, metering, and ground delays. Aircraft can be modeled as flying along either flight-plan routes or great-circle routes as they climb, cruise, and descend according to their individual performance models. The FACET software is modular and is written in the Java and C programming languages. The architecture of FACET strikes a balance between flexibility and fidelity; as a consequence, FACET can be used to model systemwide airspace operations over the contiguous U.S., involving as many as 10,000 aircraft, all on a single desktop or laptop computer running any of a variety of operating systems. Two notable applications of FACET include: (1) reroute conformance monitoring algorithms that have been implemented in one of the Federal Aviation Administration s nationally deployed, real-time, operational systems; and (2) the licensing and integration of FACET with the commercially available Flight Explorer, which is an Internet- based, real-time flight-tracking system.

Sridhar, Banavar; Bilimoria, Karl; Grabbe, Shon; Chatterji, Gano; Sheth, Kapil; Mulfinger, Daniel

2006-01-01

316

Software Architecture and Software Configuration Bernhard Westfechtel  

E-print Network

Software Architecture and Software Configuration Management Bernhard Westfechtel and Reidar Reidar.Conradi@idi.ntnu.no Abstract. This paper examines the relations between software architecture and software configuration management. These disciplines overlap because they are both concerned

Westfechtel, Bernhard

317

The relationship between family planning methods, individual hygiene, and fertility with vaginal infections among the women referring to selected health centers in Isfahan city  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: With regard to the high commonality of vaginal infections among pregnancy-age women, especially gardnerella, candidiasis vaginitis, trichomonal vaginitis and chlamydia and by attending to this fact that these infections have a high cost, including the medical expenses and other services like missing working hours and bear a negative effect on the life quality of women as influential individuals in family and society, we decided to examine the commonality of some of these infections and their related factors among women referring to selected health centers in Isfahan City. METHODS: This research was of an analytical-descriptive type conducted on 266 samples referred to the midwifery unit of selected health centers in Isfahan City due to one of the common vaginal infections (gardnerella, candidiasis vaginitis, trichomonal vaginitis and chlamydia). The collection of data was carried out via conducting interview with women and filling out the researcher-made questionnaire with close-ended answers (38 questions) and open-ended answers (25 questions). Data analysis was done by descriptive and analytical statistics (variance analysis and chi-square test). RESULTS: The findings of the study showed a significant relationship (p = 0.04) between suffering from different kinds of vaginal infection and fertility factors (the treatment record of the spouse). But, there was no significant statistical relationship between suffering from these infections and delivery type, period regulation, seeing stains and the pregnancy prevention type. Meanwhile, a significant relationship was found between suffering from vaginitis and demographic and individual factors like women's job (p=0.001), their educational level (p = 0.006), body mass index (p = 0.01) and their weight (p = 0.02). However, no significant relationship was found between suffering from common vaginal infections and individual health factors. CONCLUSIONS: With regard to the research findings, knowledge of the factors related to vaginal infection, including the fertility factors, can be instrumental in preventing and reducing the suffering from these infections. Therefore, training related to mothers’ educational level and consulting with women for knowing the susceptibility factors like the effect of weight, attending to mothers’ professional issues and prevention methods by following individual and sexual health-related issues by men and women can reduce the rate of suffering from these infections and promote the health level of mothers and hence, the society's health status. PMID:22039384

Valiani, Mahboubeh; Zolfaghari, Maryam; Nazemi, Maryam; Pirhadi, Masoumeh; Ebrahimian, Shokouh

2011-01-01

318

Individualized proteomics.  

PubMed

Human individuals differ from one another in almost all of their genes due to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). When the maternal and the paternal genomes become combined in a F1 individual, the two alleles of each gene represent arbitrary combinations. In consequence, individuals show high variability in protein expression. Furthermore, within a proteome, the proteins form networks of protein-protein interactions. These networks differ between individuals in robustness against genetic or/and environmental perturbation due to polymorphisms, which differ in type and composition between individuals, and modify the arrangement of proteins in the proteomic network. As a general conclusion, the robustness of a human individual against diseases may depend on the structure and expression of the protein-protein interaction network that varies in its functional efficiency between individuals due to "network-polymorphisms". This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: 20years of Proteomics in memory of Viatliano Pallini. Guest Editors: Luca Bini, Juan J. Calvete, Natacha Turck, Denis Hochstrasser and Jean-Charles Sanchez. PMID:24732725

Forler, Stefanie; Klein, Oliver; Klose, Joachim

2014-07-31

319

Lesson Plans Inc: Biology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson Plans Inc. is a science curriculum resource for teachers of high-school science, currently offering lesson plans and software for biology. "Lesson plans" include experiments, labs, and other activities; syllabi; projects; worksheets and homework; and quizzes and exams. The resources focus on different learning styles (auditory, visual, kinesthetic, and tactile) and are aligned to California state standards. Registration, which is free, provides access to all lesson plans, and enables members to rate and comment on lessons and post their own lessons and best practices. Videos, 3-D animations, and software are available with paid subscription.

320

78 FR 47012 - Developing Software Life Cycle Processes Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Validation, Reviews, and Audits for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Revision 1 of RG 1.170, ``Test Documentation for Digital Computer Software used in...

2013-08-02

321

78 FR 47804 - Verification, Validation, Reviews, and Audits for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Validation, Reviews, and Audits for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software used in Safety...Revision 1 of RG 1.170, ``Test Documentation for Digital Computer Software used in...

2013-08-06

322

Strategic EDP Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts need a strategic, comprehensive, electronic data processing resources plan that would include the following major elements: (1) systems; (2) hardware; (3) software; (4) staffing; (5) control; and (6) projected budgets. (MLF)

Wold, Geoffrey H.

1988-01-01

323

Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is an annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. Nearly 200 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: (1) The Software Engineering Laboratory; (2) The Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; (3) Software Tools; (4) Software Models; (5) Software Measurement; (6) Technology Evaluations; (7) Ada Technology; and (8) Data Collection. This document contains an index of these publications classified by individual author.

Kistler, David; Bristow, John; Smith, Don

1994-01-01

324

Appendix F Software F.1 Software packages  

E-print Network

& Education, Inc. Word Document preparation 97 2000 Microsoft Kedit File editing 1.0 Mansfield Software GroupAppendix F Software F.1 Software packages The following table contains the list of software used in the Griffin experiment. The primary use of the software, the software manufacturer and version number

325

Institute for Software Technology Software Maintenance  

E-print Network

1 Institute for Software Technology Software Maintenance VU 3.0 WS 2006 Univ.Prof. Dr. Franz Wotawa Institut für Softwaretechnologie wotawa@ist.tugraz.at VU Software Maintenance 2Institute for Software Technology Wozu Software Maintenance? Meine Software ist immer korrekt! Keine Modifikationen. Nur neue

326

Honeywell Modular Automation System Computer Software Documentation  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Computer Software Document (CSWD) is to provide configuration control of the Honeywell Modular Automation System (MAS) in use at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). This CSWD describes hardware and PFP developed software for control of stabilization furnaces. The Honeywell software can generate configuration reports for the developed control software. These reports are described in the following section and are attached as addendum's. This plan applies to PFP Engineering Manager, Thermal Stabilization Cognizant Engineers, and the Shift Technical Advisors responsible for the Honeywell MAS software/hardware and administration of the Honeywell System.

STUBBS, A.M.

2000-12-04

327

Donating blood and organs: using an extended theory of planned behavior perspective to identify similarities and differences in individual motivations to donate.  

PubMed

Due to the critical shortage and continued need of blood and organ donations (ODs), research exploring similarities and differences in the motivational determinants of these behaviors is needed. In a sample of 258 university students, we used a cross-sectional design to test the utility of an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) including moral norm, self-identity and in-group altruism (family/close friends and ethnic group), to predict people's blood and OD intentions. Overall, the extended TPB explained 77.0% and 74.6% of variance in blood and OD intentions, respectively. In regression analyses, common contributors to intentions across donation contexts were attitude, self-efficacy and self-identity. Normative influences varied with subjective norm as a significant predictor related to OD intentions but not blood donation intentions at the final step of regression analyses. Moral norm did not contribute significantly to blood or OD intentions. In-group altruism (family/close friends) was significantly related to OD intentions only in regressions. Future donation strategies should increase confidence to donate, foster a perception of self as the type of person who donates blood and/or organs, and address preferences to donate organs to in-group members only. PMID:23943782

Hyde, Melissa K; Knowles, Simon R; White, Katherine M

2013-12-01

328

Antiterrorist Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In light of the escalation of terrorism, the Department of Defense spearheaded the development of new antiterrorist software for all Government agencies by issuing a Broad Agency Announcement to solicit proposals. This Government-wide competition resulted in a team that includes NASA Lewis Research Center's Computer Services Division, who will develop the graphical user interface (GUI) and test it in their usability lab. The team launched a program entitled Joint Sphere of Security (JSOS), crafted a design architecture (see the following figure), and is testing the interface. This software system has a state-ofthe- art, object-oriented architecture, with a main kernel composed of the Dynamic Information Architecture System (DIAS) developed by Argonne National Laboratory. DIAS will be used as the software "breadboard" for assembling the components of explosions, such as blast and collapse simulations.

Clark, David A.

1998-01-01

329

DSN system performance test software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The system performance test software is currently being modified to include additional capabilities and enhancements. Additional software programs are currently being developed for the Command Store and Forward System and the Automatic Total Recall System. The test executive is the main program. It controls the input and output of the individual test programs by routing data blocks and operator directives to those programs. It also processes data block dump requests from the operator.

Martin, M.

1978-01-01

330

Comparison of the calculated absorbed dose using the Cadplan™ treatment planning software and Tld-100 measurements in an Alderson-Rando phantom for a bronchogenic treatment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To verify the accuracy of the absorbed doses D calculated by a TPS Cadplan for a bronchogenic treatment (in an Alderson-Rando phantom) are chosen ten points with the following D's and localizations. Point 1, posterior position on the left edge with 136.4 Gy. Points: 2, 3 and 4 in the left lung with 104.9, 104.3 and 105.8 Gy, respectively; points 5 and 6 at the mediastinum with 192.4 and 173.5 Gy; points 7, 8 and 9 in the right lung with 105.8, 104.2 and 104.7 Gy, and 10 at posterior position on right edge with 143.7 Gy. IAEA type capsules with TLD 100 powder are placed, planned and irradiated. The evaluation of the absorbed dose is carried out a curve of calibration for the LiF response (nC) vs DW, to several cavity theories. The traceability for the DW is obtained with a secondary standard calibrated at the NRC (Canada). The dosimetric properties for the materials considered are determined from the Hounsfield numbers reported by the TPS. The stopping power ratios are calculated for nominal spectrum to 6 MV photons. The percent variations among the planned and determined D in all the cases they are < ± 3%.

Gutiérrez Castillo, J. G.; Álvarez Romero, J. T.; Torres Calderón, A.; Tovar, M. V.

2014-11-01

331

Software Authentication  

SciTech Connect

The effort to define guidance for authentication of software for arms control and nuclear material transparency measurements draws on a variety of disciplines and has involved synthesizing established criteria and practices with newer methods. Challenges include the need to protect classified information that the software manipulates as well as deal with the rapid pace of innovation in the technology of nuclear material monitoring. The resulting guidance will shape the design of future systems and inform the process of authentication of instruments now being developed. This paper explores the technical issues underlying the guidance and presents its major tenets.

Wolford,J K; Geelhood,B D; Hamilton,V A; Ingraham,J; MacArthur,D W; Mitchell,D J; Mullens,J A; Vanier,P E; White,G K; Whiteson,R

2001-06-21

332

CLARAty Functional-Layer Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Functional-layer software for the Coupled Layer Architecture for Robotics Autonomy (CLARAty) is being developed. [CLARAty was described in Coupled-Layer Architecture for Advanced Software for Robots (NPO-21218), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 26, No. 12 (December 2002), page 48. To recapitulate: CLARAty was proposed to improve the modularity of robotic software while tightening the coupling between planning/execution and control subsystems. Whereas prior robotic software architectures have typically contained three levels, the CLARAty architecture contains two layers: a decision layer and a functional layer.] Just as an operating system provides abstraction from computational hardware, the CLARAty functional-layer software provides for abstraction for the different robotic systems. The functional-layer software establishes interrelated, object-oriented hierarchies that contain active and passive objects that represent the different levels of system abstrations and components. The functional-layer software is decomposed into a set of reusable core components and a set of extended components that adapt the reusable set to specific hardware implementations. The reusable components (a) provide behavior and interface definitions and implementations of basic functionality, (b) provide local executive capabilities, (c) manage local resources, and (d) support state and resource queries by the decision layer. Software for robotic systems can be built by use of these components.

Nesnas, Issa; Volpe, Richard; Das, Hari; Mutz, Darren; Petras, Richard; Estlin, Tara

2003-01-01

333

Issues in NASA Program and Project Management: Focus on Project Planning and Scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics addressed include: Planning and scheduling training for working project teams at NASA, overview of project planning and scheduling workshops, project planning at NASA, new approaches to systems engineering, software reliability assessment, and software reuse in wind tunnel control systems.

Hoffman, Edward J. (Editor); Lawbaugh, William M. (Editor)

1997-01-01

334

GEOMETRIC ALGORITHMS AND SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE FOR COMPUTATIONAL PROTOTYPING  

E-print Network

to develop a surgical plan. In this work, a surgical planning system was developed enabling a vascularGEOMETRIC ALGORITHMS AND SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE FOR COMPUTATIONAL PROTOTYPING: APPLICATIONS of Philosophy. ______________________________________ Charles A. Taylor (Principal Adviser) Assistant Professor

Dutton, Robert W.

335

Data systems and computer science: Software Engineering Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An external review of the Integrated Technology Plan for the Civil Space Program is presented. This review is specifically concerned with the Software Engineering Program. The goals of the Software Engineering Program are as follows: (1) improve NASA's ability to manage development, operation, and maintenance of complex software systems; (2) decrease NASA's cost and risk in engineering complex software systems; and (3) provide technology to assure safety and reliability of software in mission critical applications.

Zygielbaum, Arthur I.

1991-01-01

336

Software Solution Builds Project Consensus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of Autodesk Revit, a computer software system for design and documentation of buildings, in the planning of the University Center of Chicago, a large residence hall involving the cooperation of DePaul University, Columbia College, and Roosevelt University. (EV)

Graue, David

2003-01-01

337

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives a review of four software packages including "Science Toolkit: Module 3--Body Lab" for measuring heart rate, lung capacity, and response time; "Project Zoo: Adventures with Charts and Graphs" for developing process skills; "The Body Electric" for explaining electrical activity in the body; and "M-ss-ng L-nks Science Disk" for spelling…

Sidwell, Joseph C.; And Others

1988-01-01

338

Software Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed is a computer software package entitled "Audubon Wildlife Adventures: Grizzly Bears" for Apple II and IBM microcomputers. Included are availability, hardware requirements, cost, and a description of the program. The murder-mystery flavor of the program is stressed in this program that focuses on illegal hunting and game management. (CW)

McGrath, Diane, Ed.

1989-01-01

339

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed three computer software packages for Apple II series computers. Includes "The Right Job," a career counseling program; "Zoyon Patrol," a problem-solving program; and "Adventures with Charts and Graphs: Project Zoo," a graphing, mathematics, and science skills program. Each review includes strengths, weaknesses, and suggestions for use.…

Classroom Computer Learning, 1988

1988-01-01

340

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides extensive reviews of computer software, examining documentation, ease of use, performance, error handling, special features, and system requirements. Includes statistics, problem-solving (TK Solver), label printing, database management, experimental psychology, Encyclopedia Britannica biology, and DNA-sequencing programs. A program for…

Science Software Quarterly, 1984

1984-01-01

341

Software pipelining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizing parallelism at the instruction level is an important way to improve performance. Because the time spent in loop execution dominates total execution time, a large body of optimizations focuses on decreasing the time to execute each iteration. Software pipelining is a technique that reforms the loop so that a faster execution rate is realized. Iterations are executed in overlapped

Vicki H. Allan; Reese B. Jones; Randall M. Lee; Stephen J. Allan

1995-01-01

342

Educational Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third session of IT@EDU98 consisted of five papers on educational software and was chaired by Tran Van Hao (University of Education, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam). "Courseware Engineering" (Nguyen Thanh Son, Ngo Ngoc Bao Tran, Quan Thanh Tho, Nguyen Hong Lam) briefly describes the use of courseware. "Machine Discovery Theorems in Geometry: A…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

343

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are two computer software packages: "Super Solvers Midnight Rescue!" a problem-solving program for IBM PCs; and "Interactive Physics," a simulation program for the Macintosh computer. The functions of the package are discussed including strengths and weaknesses and teaching suggestions. (CW)

Classroom Computer Learning, 1990

1990-01-01

344

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six software packages are described in this review. Included are "Molecules and Atoms: Exploring the Essence of Matter"; "Heart Probe"; "GM Sunraycer"; "Six Puzzles"; "Information Laboratory--Life Science"; and "Science Test Builder." Hardware requirements, prices, and a summary of the abilities of each program are presented. (CW)

Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

1989-01-01

345

Star Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a collection of computer software programs designed to spark learning enthusiasm at every grade level and across the curriculum. They include Reader Rabbit's Learn to Read, Spelling Power, Mind Twister Math, Community Construction Kit, Breaking the Code, Encarta Africana 2000, Virtual Serengeti, Operation: Frog (Deluxe), and My First…

Kloza, Brad

2000-01-01

346

Software Patterns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It is an articulation of the principles, values,and practices behind the pattern discipline. It is organized around a body of dozens of example patterns.It covers a wide range of topics ranging from pattern forms, to pattern languages, to the history of software patterns and pattern ethics. (UNC E-Learning Grant)

2007-01-23

347

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes computer software for use with various age groups. Topics include activities involving temperature, simulations, earth science, the circulatory system, human body, reading in science, and ecology. Provides information on equipment needed, availability, package contents, and price. Comments of reviews are presented by classroom teachers.…

Mackenzie, Norma N.; And Others

1988-01-01

348

Predictive Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the adaptation of classical machine learning selection criteria to ensure or improve the predictiveness of specifications. Moreover, inspired in incremental learning, software construction is also seen as an incremental process which must generate and revise the specification with the main goal of being predictive to requirements evolution. The new goal is not necessarily to achieve the highest accuracy

José Hernández-Orallo; M. José Ramírez-Quintana

2001-01-01

349

Avionics Simulation, Development and Software Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During this reporting period, all technical responsibilities were accomplished as planned. A close working relationship was maintained with personnel of the MSFC Avionics Department Software Group (ED14), the MSFC EXPRESS Project Office (FD31), and the Huntsville Boeing Company. Accomplishments included: performing special tasks; supporting Software Review Board (SRB), Avionics Test Bed (ATB), and EXPRESS Software Control Panel (ESCP) activities; participating in technical meetings; and coordinating issues between the Boeing Company and the MSFC Project Office.

2002-01-01

350

Software Management Environment (SME) installation guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains installation information for the Software Management Environment (SME), developed for the Systems Development Branch (Code 552) of the Flight Dynamics Division of Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The SME provides an integrated set of management tools that can be used by software development managers in their day-to-day management and planning activities. This document provides a list of hardware and software requirements as well as detailed installation instructions and trouble-shooting information.

Kistler, David; Jeletic, Kellyann

1992-01-01

351

Manager's handbook for software development, revision 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Methods and aids for the management of software development projects are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and experiences of the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) with flight dynamics software development. The management aspects of the following subjects are described: organizing the project, producing a development plan, estimating costs, scheduling, staffing, preparing deliverable documents, using management tools, monitoring the project, conducting reviews, auditing, testing, and certifying.

1990-01-01

352

MHEC Academic Scheduling Software Survey Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin summarizes the chief quantitative findings of a survey of 264 small and medium sized colleges and universities in the midwest concerning their use of and interest in academic scheduling software. This type of software assists in planning course offerings, assigning instructors and course functions to facilities and time slots, and…

Midwestern Higher Education Commission Academic Software Committee Research Bulletin, 1995

1995-01-01

353

Space Station Freedom Software Support Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Viewgraphs on the Space Station Freedom Software Support Environment are presented. After a brief overview of the SSE, the implementation approach and the current and planned functionality are described. The implications and future potential of this common environment for software development and sustaining engineering are also discussed.

Voigt, Susan J.

1990-01-01

354

Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

2004-01-01

355

Adopting Open Source Software to Address Software Risks during the Scientific Data Life Cycle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software enables the creation, management, storage, distribution, discovery, and use of scientific data throughout the data lifecycle. However, the capabilities offered by software also present risks for the stewardship of scientific data, since future access to digital data is dependent on the use of software. From operating systems to applications for analyzing data, the dependence of data on software presents challenges for the stewardship of scientific data. Adopting open source software provides opportunities to address some of the proprietary risks of data dependence on software. For example, in some cases, open source software can be deployed to avoid licensing restrictions for using, modifying, and transferring proprietary software. The availability of the source code of open source software also enables the inclusion of modifications, which may be contributed by various community members who are addressing similar issues. Likewise, an active community that is maintaining open source software can be a valuable source of help, providing an opportunity to collaborate to address common issues facing adopters. As part of the effort to meet the challenges of software dependence for scientific data stewardship, risks from software dependence have been identified that exist during various times of the data lifecycle. The identification of these risks should enable the development of plans for mitigating software dependencies, where applicable, using open source software, and to improve understanding of software dependency risks for scientific data and how they can be reduced during the data life cycle.

Vinay, S.; Downs, R. R.

2012-12-01

356

26 CFR 1.5000A-3 - Exempt individuals.  

...means the single lowest cost bronze plan available in the individual...example, an individual's age or tobacco use) that an Exchange...coverage. (2 ) Lowest cost bronze plan does not cover all individuals...resides does not offer a single bronze plan covering all...

2014-04-01

357

Software for Probabilistic Risk Reduction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program implements a methodology, denoted probabilistic risk reduction, that is intended to aid in planning the development of complex software and/or hardware systems. This methodology integrates two complementary prior methodologies: (1) that of probabilistic risk assessment and (2) a risk-based planning methodology, implemented in a prior computer program known as Defect Detection and Prevention (DDP), in which multiple requirements and the beneficial effects of risk-mitigation actions are taken into account. The present methodology and the software are able to accommodate both process knowledge (notably of the efficacy of development practices) and product knowledge (notably of the logical structure of a system, the development of which one seeks to plan). Estimates of the costs and benefits of a planned development can be derived. Functional and non-functional aspects of software can be taken into account, and trades made among them. It becomes possible to optimize the planning process in the sense that it becomes possible to select the best suite of process steps and design choices to maximize the expectation of success while remaining within budget.

Hensley, Scott; Michel, Thierry; Madsen, Soren; Chapin, Elaine; Rodriguez, Ernesto

2004-01-01

358

GP Workbench Manual: Technical Manual, User's Guide, and Software Guide  

USGS Publications Warehouse

GP Workbench is an open-source general-purpose geophysical data processing software package written primarily for ground penetrating radar (GPR) data. It also includes support for several USGS prototype electromagnetic instruments such as the VETEM and ALLTEM. The two main programs in the package are GP Workbench and GP Wave Utilities. GP Workbench has routines for filtering, gridding, and migrating GPR data; as well as an inversion routine for characterizing UXO (unexploded ordinance) using ALLTEM data. GP Workbench provides two-dimensional (section view) and three-dimensional (plan view or time slice view) processing for GPR data. GP Workbench can produce high-quality graphics for reports when Surfer 8 or higher (Golden Software) is installed. GP Wave Utilities provides a wide range of processing algorithms for single waveforms, such as filtering, correlation, deconvolution, and calculating GPR waveforms. GP Wave Utilities is used primarily for calibrating radar systems and processing individual traces. Both programs also contain research features related to the calibration of GPR systems and calculating subsurface waveforms. The software is written to run on the Windows operating systems. GP Workbench can import GPR data file formats used by major commercial instrument manufacturers including Sensors and Software, GSSI, and Mala. The GP Workbench native file format is SU (Seismic Unix), and subsequently, files generated by GP Workbench can be read by Seismic Unix as well as many other data processing packages.

Oden, Charles P.; Moulton, Craig W.

2006-01-01

359

Software system safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software itself is not hazardous, but since software and hardware share common interfaces there is an opportunity for software to create hazards. Further, these software systems are complex, and proven methods for the design, analysis, and measurement of software safety are not yet available. Some past software failures, future NASA software trends, software engineering methods, and tools and techniques for various software safety analyses are reviewed. Recommendations to NASA are made based on this review.

Uber, James G.

1988-01-01

360

Chemical recognition software  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a capability to make real time concentration measurements of individual chemicals in a complex mixture using a multispectral laser remote sensing system. Our chemical recognition and analysis software consists of three parts: (1) a rigorous multivariate analysis package for quantitative concentration and uncertainty estimates, (2) a genetic optimizer which customizes and tailors the multivariate algorithm for a particular application, and (3) an intelligent neural net chemical filter which pre-selects from the chemical database to find the appropriate candidate chemicals for quantitative analyses by the multivariate algorithms, as well as providing a quick-look concentration estimate and consistency check. Detailed simulations using both laboratory fluorescence data and computer synthesized spectra indicate that our software can make accurate concentration estimates from complex multicomponent mixtures. even when the mixture is noisy and contaminated with unknowns.

Wagner, J.S.; Trahan, M.W.; Nelson, W.E.; Hargis, P.J. Jr.; Tisone, G.C.

1994-12-01

361

Software testability and its application to avionic software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Randomly generated black-box testing is an established yet controversial method of estimating software reliability. Unfortunately, as software applications have required higher reliabilities, practical difficulties with black-box testing have become increasingly problematic. These practical problems are particularly acute in life-critical avionics software, where requirements of 10 exp -7 failures per hour of system reliability can translate into a probability of failure (POF) of perhaps 10 exp -9 or less for each individual execution of the software. This paper describes the application of one type of testability analysis called 'sensitivity analysis' to B-737 avionics software; one application of sensitivity analysis is to quantify whether software testing is capable of detecting faults in a particular program and thus whether we can be confident that a tested program is not hiding faults. We so 80 by finding the testabilities of the individual statements of the program, and then use those statement testabilities to find the testabilities of the functions and modules. For the B-737 system we analyzed, we were able to isolate those functions that are more prone to hide errors during system/reliability testing.

Voas, Jeffrey M.; Miller, Keith W.; Payne, Jeffery E.

1993-01-01

362

Software applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

By all accounts, 1995 saw not only growth in electronic design automation (EDA) but also its continued consolidation. Accel acquired the P-CAD business from an IBM subsidiary, Altium; OrCAD purchased Massteck; Mentor Graphics acquired Microtec Research; and Integrated Silicon Systems merged with Arcsys. In 1996, “CAE (computer-aided engineering) software will Continue its merger trend-applications with applications and company with company”,

C. Trlica

1996-01-01

363

A planning language for activity scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission planning and scheduling of spacecraft operations are becoming more complex at NASA. Described here are a mission planning process; a robust, flexible planning language for spacecraft and payload operations; and a software scheduling system that generates schedules based on planning language inputs. The mission planning process often involves many people and organizations. Consequently, a planning language is needed to facilitate communication, to provide a standard interface, and to represent flexible requirements. The software scheduling system interprets the planning language and uses the resource, time duration, constraint, and alternative plan flexibilities to resolve scheduling conflicts.

Zoch, David R.; Lavallee, David; Weinstein, Stuart; Tong, G. Michael

1991-01-01

364

Manpower and project planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose was to study how manpower and projects are planned at the Facilities Engineering Division (FENGD) within the Systems Engineering and Operations Directorate of the LaRC and to make recommendations for improving the effectiveness and productivity ot the tools that are used. The existing manpower and project planning processes (including the management plan for the FENGD, existing manpower planning reports, project reporting to LaRC and NASA Headquarters, employee time reporting, financial reporting, and coordination/tracking reports for procurement) were discussed with several people, and project planning software was evaluated.

Johnson, David W.

1991-01-01

365

Deindividuation and Internet software piracy.  

PubMed

Computer crime has increased exponentially in recent years as hardware, software, and network resources become more affordable and available to individuals from all walks of life. Software piracy is one prevalent type of cybercrime and has detrimentally affected the economic health of the software industry. Moreover, piracy arguably represents a rend in the moral fabric associated with the respect of intellectual property and reduces the financial incentive of product creation and innovation. Deindividuation theory, originating from the field of social psychology, argues that individuals are extricated from responsibility for their actions simply because they no longer have an acute awareness of the identity of self and of others. That is, external and internal constraints that would typically regulate questionable behavior are rendered less effective via certain anonymizing and disinhibiting conditions of the social and environmental context. This exploratory piece seeks to establish the role of deindividuation in liberating individuals to commit software piracy by testing the hypothesis that persons who prefer the anonymity and pseudonymity associated with interaction on the Internet are more likely to pirate software. Through this research, it is hoped that the empirical identification of such a social psychological determinant will help further illuminate the phenomenon. PMID:18721086

Hinduja, Sameer

2008-08-01

366

Office Computer Software: A Comprehensive Review of Software Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes types of software including system software, application software, spreadsheets, accounting software, graphics packages, desktop publishing software, database, desktop and personal information management software, project and records management software, groupware, and shareware. (JOW)

Secretary, 1992

1992-01-01

367

Software processes are software too  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The major theme of this meeting is the exploration of the importance of process as a vehicle for improving both the quality\\u000a of software products and the way in which we develop and evolve them. In beginning this exploration it seems important to\\u000a spend at least a short time examining the nature of process and convincing ourselves that this is

Leon J. Osterweil

1987-01-01

368

Computer-aided software development process design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The authors describe an intelligent tool designed to aid managers of software development projects in planning, managing, and controlling the development process of medium- to large-scale software projects. Its purpose is to reduce uncertainties in the budget, personnel, and schedule planning of software development projects. It is based on dynamic model for the software development and maintenance life-cycle process. This dynamic process is composed of a number of time-varying, interacting developmental phases, each characterized by its intended functions and requirements. System dynamics is used as a modeling methodology. The resulting Software LIfe-Cycle Simulator (SLICS) and the hybrid expert simulation system of which it is a subsystem are described.

Lin, Chi Y.; Levary, Reuven R.

1989-01-01

369

A Systematic Approach to Creating and Maintaining Software Documentation  

E-print Network

UVA A Systematic Approach to Creating and Maintaining Software Documentation Allison L. Powell SOURCE CODE INTERFACE BROWSING INTERFACE STATUS FUTURE PLANS WHY SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION AS AN APPLICATION sets of documents but aren't geared specifically to software documentation. . Standards ­ Exist

French, James C.

370

A Systematic Approach to Creating and Maintaining Software Documentation  

E-print Network

UVA A Systematic Approach to Creating and Maintaining Software Documentation Allison L. Powell CODE INTERFACE BROWSING INTERFACE STATUS FUTURE PLANS WHY SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION AS AN APPLICATION AREA but aren't geared specifically to software documentation. · Standards - Exist, but are often ambiguous

French, James C.

371

Juniorprofessur fr Software Engineering Prof. Dr. Oliver Hummel  

E-print Network

Juniorprofessur für Software Engineering Prof. Dr. Oliver Hummel Vorstellung des Teamprojekts für Planning of the University of Mannheim Prof. Dr. Oliver Hummel (JP SE) Dr. Ingo Ott (RUM) #12;Chair of Software Engineering Oliver Hummel hummel@informatik.uni-mannheim.de 2222 Advanced Software Engineering

Mannheim, Universität

372

MUSE studio lab and innovative software engineering capstone project experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents our rationale in setting up an innovative studio lab called the MUSE (Monash University Software Engineering) Studio Lab for our final year undergraduate Software Engineering students in 2002, an evaluation of the outcomes for 2002 and plans for 2003 and beyond. We describe the Monash University Software Engineering (MUSE) Strategy to make the MUSE culture and MUSE

Sita Ramakrishnan

2003-01-01

373

Standard practices for the implementation of computer software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A standard approach to the development of computer program is provided that covers the file cycle of software development from the planning and requirements phase through the software acceptance testing phase. All documents necessary to provide the required visibility into the software life cycle process are discussed in detail.

Irvine, A. P. (editor)

1978-01-01

374

Current Status of Development of New VLBI Data Analysis Software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the 2010 IVS GM in Hobart we proposed a design of a next generation VLBI data analysis software. In this talk we review the current status of this software and plans for future development. We also demonstrate the current capabilities of the software.

Bolotin, S.; Gipson, J.; Gordon, D.; MacMillan, D.

2011-07-01

375

Resource Conservation Software Competition in California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a statewide computer competition involving young programers (individuals and groups) who developed software packages on energy and water conservation. Project rules, guidelines, challenges, evaluations, prizes, commitments, benefits, and costs are discussed. (BC)

Tzitz, Carolyn J.

1984-01-01

376

Software Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guide aims to provide information about the different tools available for software management on HECToR. It provides an overview of the types of tools available and the reasons why they are useful. The main focus is on source code control and build systems. Details of the capabilities of specific tools available on HECToR are provided along with instructions on how to access them. Full details on how to use each of the tools are not provided as this is outside the scope of a good practice guide. However the guide provides links to relevant sources of learning materials and further information.

377

Bristlecone: Language Support for Robust Software Applications  

E-print Network

specification that describes the sequence of instructions that comprise an individual conceptual operation analysis that op- erates on the organization specification to generate a set of diagrams that graphically from software failures [24], [33]. The software in these systems contains a set of manually coded

Demsky, Brian

378

Software synthesis using generic architectures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A framework for synthesizing software systems based on abstracting software system designs and the design process is described. The result of such an abstraction process is a generic architecture and the process knowledge for customizing the architecture. The customization process knowledge is used to assist a designer in customizing the architecture as opposed to completely automating the design of systems. Our approach using an implemented example of a generic tracking architecture which was customized in two different domains is illustrated. How the designs produced using KASE compare to the original designs of the two systems, and current work and plans for extending KASE to other application areas are described.

Bhansali, Sanjay

1993-01-01

379

Software Fact Sheet Description  

E-print Network

Software Fact Sheet Description Display & Analysis Software Data Access Software www.unidata.ucar.edu/software, and multidisciplinary integration, Unidata provides a rich set of software tools to access and visualize Earth with the aid of three tools: the LDM, RAMADDA and the TDS. Data Management Software Unidata facilitates

380

Individuality of handwriting.  

PubMed

Motivated by several rulings in United States courts concerning expert testimony in general, and handwriting testimony in particular, we undertook a study to objectively validate the hypothesis that handwriting is individual. Handwriting samples of 1,500 individuals, representative of the U.S. population with respect to gender, age, ethnic groups, etc., were obtained. Analyzing differences in handwriting was done by using computer algorithms for extracting features from scanned images of handwriting. Attributes characteristic of the handwriting were obtained, e.g., line separation, slant, character shapes, etc. These attributes, which are a subset of attributes used by forensic document examiners (FDEs), were used to quantitatively establish individuality by using machine learning approaches. Using global attributes of handwriting and very few characters in the writing, the ability to determine the writer with a high degree of confidence was established. The work is a step towards providing scientific support for admitting handwriting evidence in court. The mathematical approach and the resulting software also have the promise of aiding the FDE. PMID:12136998

Srihari, Sargur N; Cha, Sung-Hyuk; Arora, Hina; Lee, Sangjik

2002-07-01

381

Software Effort Estimation Accuracy: A Comparative Study of Estimations Based on Software Sizing and Development Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of project failures and those projects completed over cost and over schedule has been a significant issue for software project managers. Among the many reasons for failure, inaccuracy in software estimation--the basis for project bidding, budgeting, planning, and probability estimates--has been identified as a root cause of a high…

Lafferty, Mark T.

2010-01-01

382

A toolbox for developing bioinformatics software  

PubMed Central

Creating useful software is a major activity of many scientists, including bioinformaticians. Nevertheless, software development in an academic setting is often unsystematic, which can lead to problems associated with maintenance and long-term availibility. Unfortunately, well-documented software development methodology is difficult to adopt, and technical measures that directly improve bioinformatic programming have not been described comprehensively. We have examined 22 software projects and have identified a set of practices for software development in an academic environment. We found them useful to plan a project, support the involvement of experts (e.g. experimentalists), and to promote higher quality and maintainability of the resulting programs. This article describes 12 techniques that facilitate a quick start into software engineering. We describe 3 of the 22 projects in detail and give many examples to illustrate the usage of particular techniques. We expect this toolbox to be useful for many bioinformatics programming projects and to the training of scientific programmers. PMID:21803787

Potrzebowski, Wojciech; Puton, Tomasz; Rother, Magdalena; Wywial, Ewa; Bujnicki, Janusz M.

2012-01-01

383

Individual Genetic Susceptibility  

SciTech Connect

Risk estimates derived from epidemiological studies of exposed populations, as well as the maximum permissible doses allowed for occupational exposure and exposure of the public to ionizing radiation are all based on the assumption that the human population is uniform in its radiosensitivity, except for a small number of individuals, such as ATM homozygotes who are easily identified by their clinical symptoms. The hypothesis upon which this proposal is based is that the human population is not homogeneous in radiosensitiviry, but that radiosensitive sub-groups exist which are not easy to identify. These individuals would suffer an increased incidence of detrimental radiation effects, and distort the shape of the dose response relationship. The radiosensitivity of these groups depend on the expression levels of specific proteins. The plan was to investigate the effect of 3 relatively rare, high penetrate genes available in mice, namely Atm, mRad9 & Brca1. The purpose of radiation protection is to prevent! deterministic effects of clinical significance and limit stochastic effects to acceptable levels. We plan, therefore to compare with wild type animals the radiosensitivity of mice heterozygous for each of the genes mentioned above, as well as double heterozygotes for pairs of genes, using two biological endpoints: a) Ocular cataracts as an important and relevant deterministic effect, and b) Oncogenic transformation in cultured embryo fibroblasts, as a surrogate for carcinogenesis, the most relevant stochastic effect.

Eric J. Hall

2008-12-08

384

Software Management Environment (SME) concepts and architecture, revision 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document presents the concepts and architecture of the Software Management Environment (SME), developed for the Software Engineering Branch of the Flight Dynamic Division (FDD) of GSFC. The SME provides an integrated set of experience-based management tools that can assist software development managers in managing and planning flight dynamics software development projects. This document provides a high-level description of the types of information required to implement such an automated management tool.

Hendrick, Robert; Kistler, David; Valett, Jon

1992-01-01

385

Software interoperability for energy simulation  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of software interoperability as it relates to the energy simulation of buildings. The paper begins with a discussion of the difficulties in using sophisticated analysis tools like energy simulation at various stages in the building life cycle, and the potential for interoperability to help overcome these difficulties. An overview of the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), a common data model for supporting interoperability under continuing development by the International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI) is then given. The process of creating interoperable software is described next, followed by specific details for energy simulation tools. The paper closes with the current status of, and future plans for, the ongoing efforts to achieve software interoperability.

Hitchcock, Robert J.

2002-07-31

386

Space Flight Software Development Software for Intelligent System Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The slide presentation examines the Marshall Space Flight Center Flight Software Branch, including software development projects, mission critical space flight software development, software technical insight, advanced software development technologies, and continuous improvement in the software development processes and methods.

Trevino, Luis C.; Crumbley, Tim

2004-01-01

387

Software Engineering Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and development center whose objective is to provide leadership in software engineering and in the transition of new software engineering technology into practice. The SEI Information Server provides links to the ongoing research efforts of the ARPA Software and Intelligent Systems Technology Office and an index of information relating to numerous software and computing topics.

388

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per plan year) None Individual  

E-print Network

Maternity Coverage Outpatient Surgery MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES Inpatient Biologically Based Mental Illness Inpatient Non-Biologically Based Mental Illness Outpatient Biologically Based Mental Illness Outpatient Non-Biologically Based Mental Illness ALCOHOL/DRUG ABUSE SERVICES PARTICIPATING PROVIDERS / REFERRED $250 per admission

389

Planning-Based Control of Software Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper is not intended to be acomprehensive survey of important softbot projects ---there are far too many interesting systems for me todescribe them all. I focus on University of Washingtonprojects, because I am most familiar with this body ofwork and because the Washington softbots have emphasizedplanning-based control.

Daniel S. Weld

1996-01-01

390

Aging in Sweden, Part 1: Retirement Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the relationship between retirement planning and demographic and attitudinal factors. One-third of the sample had planned for retirement. Planning was more common among males and high-status individuals. (Author)

Skoglund, John

1980-01-01

391

Institute for Software Technology Software Maintenance  

E-print Network

per 1.000 LOC. Space Shuttle Software: [i]=false; } } // print or store array here... recursiveFunction(a,iterations-1); } public static void main (String[] args, IEEE Trans. On Software Engineering, pp 113-120,

392

An empirical evaluation of software documentation formats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of any software development project depends in part on the quality of the communication among the individuals involved: users, designers, coders and managers. On large systems, a variety of individuals perform various tasks at different points in time. The efficiency and correctness with which later tasks are performed depends critically on the documentation supplied during previous phases of

Sylvia B. Sheppard; Elizabeth Kruesi; John W. Bailey

1982-01-01

393

Fully Employing Software Inspections Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software inspections provide a proven approach to quality assurance for software products of all kinds, including requirements, design, code, test plans, among others. Common to all inspections is the aim of finding and fixing defects as early as possible, and thereby providing cost savings by minimizing the amount of rework necessary later in the lifecycle. Measurement data, such as the number and type of found defects and the effort spent by the inspection team, provide not only direct feedback about the software product to the project team but are also valuable for process improvement activities. In this paper, we discuss NASA's use of software inspections and the rich set of data that has resulted. In particular, we present results from analysis of inspection data that illustrate the benefits of fully utilizing that data for process improvement at several levels. Examining such data across multiple inspections or projects allows team members to monitor and trigger cross project improvements. Such improvements may focus on the software development processes of the whole organization as well as improvements to the applied inspection process itself.

Shull, Forrest; Feldmann, Raimund L.; Seaman, Carolyn; Regardie, Myrna; Godfrey, Sally

2009-01-01

394

Software attribute visualization for high integrity software  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a prototype tool developed to investigate the use of visualization and virtual reality technologies for improving software surety confidence. The tool is utilized within the execution phase of the software life cycle. It provides a capability to monitor an executing program against prespecified requirements constraints provided in a program written in the requirements specification language SAGE. The resulting Software Attribute Visual Analysis Tool (SAVAnT) also provides a technique to assess the completeness of a software specification.

Pollock, G.M.

1998-03-01

395

Designing security into software  

E-print Network

When people talk about software security, they usually refer to security applications such as antivirus software, firewalls and intrusion detection systems. There is little emphasis on the security in the software itself. ...

Zhang, Chang Tony

2006-01-01

396

CANbus. , Testing software  

E-print Network

, , CANbus. , , . , . , , . Testing software for devices with CANbus interface V.R.Kozak Abstract The article describes a specialized software package for devices with CANbus functions of software, results of testing and examples of real applications. © . .. #12

Kozak, Victor R.

397

Designing supportability into software  

E-print Network

Background: Despite the identification of a "software crisis" in the 1960s, large software projects are full of defects even today [19]. These defects cause the software to behave unexpectedly. The cause generally is ...

Shirolkar, Prashant A., 1973-

2004-01-01

398

Automated Planning Of Spacecraft Telecommunications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer program known as SWIfT (Software for What-If Telecommunications) is user-friendly, modular, portable, window-based software tool. Accelerates and automates planning of antenna usage for spacecraft telecommunication systems and enables predictions of performances of such systems.

Veregge, John R.; Schwuttke, Ursula M.; Rivera, Monica B.; Murphy, Vickere B.

1995-01-01

399

Automating the design of scientific computing software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

SINAPSE is a domain-specific software design system that generates code from specifications of equations and algorithm methods. This paper describes the system's design techniques (planning in a space of knowledge-based refinement and optimization rules), user interaction style (user has option to control decision making), and representation of knowledge (rules and objects). It also summarizes how the system knowledge has evolved over time and suggests some issues in building software design systems to facilitate reuse.

Kant, Elaine

1992-01-01

400

Federal microcomputer software for urban hydrology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, availability, and general use of selected urban hydrology microcomputer software developed by: U.S. Soil Conservation Service (SCS); U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The discussion is limited to software used for design and planning for urban stormwater flows.

Jennings, Marshall E.; Smith, Roger H.; Jennings, Ross B.

1988-01-01

401

Free Software Foundation Software Directory - Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Free Software Directory is a project of the Free Software Foundation (FSF) and United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). We catalog useful free software that runs under free operating systems-- particularly the GNU operating system and its GNU/Linux variants.

402

Knowledge focus via software agents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The essence of military Command and Control (C2) is making knowledge intensive decisions in a limited amount of time using uncertain, incorrect, or outdated information. It is essential to provide tools to decision-makers that provide: * Management of friendly forces by treating the "friendly resources as a system". * Rapid assessment of effects of military actions againt the "enemy as a system". * Assessment of how an enemy should, can, and could react to friendly military activities. Software agents in the form of mission agents, target agents, maintenance agents, and logistics agents can meet this information challenge. The role of each agent is to know all the details about its assigned mission, target, maintenance, or logistics entity. The Mission Agent would fight for mission resources based on the mission priority and analyze the effect that a proposed mission's results would have on the enemy. The Target Agent (TA) communicates with other targets to determine its role in the system of targets. A system of TAs would be able to inform a planner or analyst of the status of a system of targets, the effect of that status, adn the effect of attacks on that system. The system of TAs would also be able to analyze possible enemy reactions to attack by determining ways to minimize the effect of attack, such as rerouting traffic or using deception. The Maintenance Agent would scheudle maintenance events and notify the maintenance unit. The Logistics Agent would manage shipment and delivery of supplies to maintain appropriate levels of weapons, fuel and spare parts. The central idea underlying this case of software agents is knowledge focus. Software agents are createad automatically to focus their attention on individual real-world entities (e.g., missions, targets) and view the world from that entities perspective. The agent autonomously monitors the entity, identifies problems/opportunities, formulates solutions, and informs the decision-maker. The agent must be able to communicate to receive and disseminate information and provide the decision-maker with assistance via focused knowledge. THe agent must also be able to monitor the state of its own environment and make decisions necessary to carry out its delegated tasks. Agents bring three elements to the C2 domain that offer to improve decision-making. First, they provide higher-quality feedback and provide it more often. In doing so, the feedback loop becomes nearly continuous, reducing or eliminating delays in situation updates to decision-makers. Working with the most current information possible improves the control process, thus enabling effects based operations. Second, the agents accept delegation of actions and perform those actions following an established process. Agents' consistent actions reduce the variability of human input and stabilize the control process. Third, through the delegation of actions, agents ensure 100 percent consideration of plan details.

Henager, Donald E.

2001-09-01

403

Software Vulnerability Taxonomy Consolidation  

SciTech Connect

In today's environment, computers and networks are increasing exposed to a number of software vulnerabilities. Information about these vulnerabilities is collected and disseminated via various large publicly available databases such as BugTraq, OSVDB and ICAT. Each of these databases, individually, do not cover all aspects of a vulnerability and lack a standard format among them, making it difficult for end-users to easily compare various vulnerabilities. A central database of vulnerabilities has not been available until today for a number of reasons, such as the non-uniform methods by which current vulnerability database providers receive information, disagreement over which features of a particular vulnerability are important and how best to present them, and the non-utility of the information presented in many databases. The goal of this software vulnerability taxonomy consolidation project is to address the need for a universally accepted vulnerability taxonomy that classifies vulnerabilities in an unambiguous manner. A consolidated vulnerability database (CVDB) was implemented that coalesces and organizes vulnerability data from disparate data sources. Based on the work done in this paper, there is strong evidence that a consolidated taxonomy encompassing and organizing all relevant data can be achieved. However, three primary obstacles remain: lack of referencing a common ''primary key'', un-structured and free-form descriptions of necessary vulnerability data, and lack of data on all aspects of a vulnerability. This work has only considered data that can be unambiguously extracted from various data sources by straightforward parsers. It is felt that even with the use of more advanced, information mining tools, which can wade through the sea of unstructured vulnerability data, this current integration methodology would still provide repeatable, unambiguous, and exhaustive results. Though the goal of coalescing all available data, which would be of use to system administrators, software developers and vulnerability researchers is not yet achieved, this work has resulted in the most exhaustive collection of vulnerability data to date.

Polepeddi, S

2004-12-08

404

7 Processes that Enable NASA Software Engineering Technologies: Value-Added Process Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The presentation reviews Agency process requirements and the purpose, benefits, and experiences or seven software engineering processes. The processes include: product integration, configuration management, verification, software assurance, measurement and analysis, requirements management, and planning and monitoring.

Housch, Helen; Godfrey, Sally

2011-01-01

405

Deep space network software cost estimation model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A parametric software cost estimation model prepared for Deep Space Network (DSN) Data Systems implementation tasks is presented. The resource estimation model incorporates principles and data from a number of existing models. The model calibrates task magnitude and difficulty, development environment, and software technology effects through prompted responses to a set of approximately 50 questions. Parameters in the model are adjusted to fit DSN software life cycle statistics. The estimation model output scales a standard DSN Work Breakdown Structure skeleton, which is then input into a PERT/CPM system, producing a detailed schedule and resource budget for the project being planned.

Tausworthe, R. C.

1981-01-01

406

Flight software requirements and design support system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The desirability and feasibility of computer-augmented support for the pre-implementation activities occurring during the development of flight control software was investigated. The specific topics to be investigated were the capabilities to be included in a pre-implementation support system for flight control software system development, and the specification of a preliminary design for such a system. Further, the pre-implementation support system was to be characterized and specified under the constraints that it: (1) support both description and assessment of flight control software requirements definitions and design specification; (2) account for known software description and assessment techniques; (3) be compatible with existing and planned NASA flight control software development support system; and (4) does not impose, but may encourage, specific development technologies. An overview of the results is given.

Riddle, W. E.; Edwards, B.

1980-01-01

407

Software Configuration Management Guidebook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growth in cost and importance of software to NASA has caused NASA to address the improvement of software development across the agency. One of the products of this program is a series of guidebooks that define a NASA concept of the assurance processes which are used in software development. The Software Assurance Guidebook, SMAP-GB-A201, issued in September, 1989, provides an overall picture of the concepts and practices of NASA in software assurance. Lower level guidebooks focus on specific activities that fall within the software assurance discipline, and provide more detailed information for the manager and/or practitioner. This is the Software Configuration Management Guidebook which describes software configuration management in a way that is compatible with practices in industry and at NASA Centers. Software configuration management is a key software development process, and is essential for doing software assurance.

1995-01-01

408

Accreditation's Benefits for Individuals and Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in accreditation processes, on visiting teams as well as through institutional self-study, is an excellent opportunity for individual academics to augment their professional expertise in a range of higher education issues: strategic planning and assessment, resource management and capital investments, curriculum planning and program…

McGuire, Patricia A.

2009-01-01

409

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COMPUTER SCIENCE  

E-print Network

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COMPUTER SCIENCE ... What's the Difference? goeng1@mcmaster.ca www). Software Engineering covers the course content listed under Computer Science, with some additions. Software). Software Engineering students will graduate with a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng). Computer Science

Bone, Gary

410

PYTHAGORAS: Multienvironment Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research is devoted to the problems of visual interfaces and hierarchical multilanguage technologies in HCI. The PYTHAGORAS software is based on graph representations and a hierarchical approach. The software may be used for the development of multienvironment software and as hyper world for students. Characteristic features of the PYTHAGORAS software include a preference for graphic descriptions with animation and

Vladimir V. Prokhorov

1995-01-01

411

Software distribution using xnetlib  

SciTech Connect

Xnetlib is a new tool for software distribution. Whereas its predecessor netlib uses e-mail as the user interface to its large collection of public-domain mathematical software, xnetlib uses an X Window interface and socket-based communication. Xnetlib makes it easy to search through a large distributed collection of software and to retrieve requested software in seconds.

Dongarra, J.J. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (US). Dept. of Computer Science]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Rowan, T.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Wade, R.C. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (US). Dept. of Computer Science

1993-06-01

412

Handleiding software installatie  

E-print Network

Handleiding software installatie Version: 1.0 Windows 7 Date: 18-12-2013 #12;2 Binnen de NUWD omgeving is het mogelijk om specifieke software op uw PC te installeren. Voor andere software kunt u een" is het mogelijk om zelf specifieke software te installeren. In het volgende voorbeeld installeren wij

Galis, Frietson

413

Ontologies and Software Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The chapter analyzes the state of the art in the use of ontologies for various software engineering tasks. The chapter starts\\u000a from defining software engineering as an application context for ontologies. Next, it introduces a framework that identifies\\u000a places in software lifecycle where ontologies can contribute to improvethe current state of software engineering.

Dragan Gaševi?; Nima Kaviani; Milan Milanovi?

414

Classifying Software For Reuse  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scheme for classifying software facilitates and accelerates retrieval of software components. Method aids reuse of software and increases software developers' productivity. Used to discover software components meeting specified need in large collection of useful, reliable components. Classification and retrieval methodology applies equally to things unrelated to software, such as hardware, patents, legal cases, and books. Searcher enables user to find desired software without being required to answer excessive number of questions and without presenting user with too many possible answers to any one question. Although it guides inexperienced user through system, it lets expert user forge ahead without artificial restriction.

Snyder, William V.

1993-01-01

415

Software Formal Inspections Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Software Formal Inspections Standard (hereinafter referred to as Standard) is applicable to NASA software. This Standard defines the requirements that shall be fulfilled by the software formal inspections process whenever this process is specified for NASA software. The objective of this Standard is to define the requirements for a process that inspects software products to detect and eliminate defects as early as possible in the software life cycle. The process also provides for the collection and analysis of inspection data to improve the inspection process as well as the quality of the software.

1993-01-01

416

Specifying the Instructional Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual outlines a process for preparing individualized lesson plans in reading that are consistent across time, to assist in determining the effectiveness of various teaching methods for use with special education students. Part I discusses components of the plan: instructional procedures and target skill, time spent on each activity, the…

Wesson, Caren; And Others

417

Developing sustainable software solutions for bioinformatics by the “ Butterfly” paradigm  

PubMed Central

Software design and sustainable software engineering are essential for the long-term development of bioinformatics software. Typical challenges in an academic environment are short-term contracts, island solutions, pragmatic approaches and loose documentation. Upcoming new challenges are big data, complex data sets, software compatibility and rapid changes in data representation. Our approach to cope with these challenges consists of iterative intertwined cycles of development (“ Butterfly” paradigm) for key steps in scientific software engineering. User feedback is valued as well as software planning in a sustainable and interoperable way. Tool usage should be easy and intuitive. A middleware supports a user-friendly Graphical User Interface (GUI) as well as a database/tool development independently. We validated the approach of our own software development and compared the different design paradigms in various software solutions. PMID:25383181

Ahmed, Zeeshan; Zeeshan, Saman; Dandekar, Thomas

2014-01-01

418

Developing sustainable software solutions for bioinformatics by the " Butterfly" paradigm.  

PubMed

Software design and sustainable software engineering are essential for the long-term development of bioinformatics software. Typical challenges in an academic environment are short-term contracts, island solutions, pragmatic approaches and loose documentation. Upcoming new challenges are big data, complex data sets, software compatibility and rapid changes in data representation. Our approach to cope with these challenges consists of iterative intertwined cycles of development (" Butterfly" paradigm) for key steps in scientific software engineering. User feedback is valued as well as software planning in a sustainable and interoperable way. Tool usage should be easy and intuitive. A middleware supports a user-friendly Graphical User Interface (GUI) as well as a database/tool development independently. We validated the approach of our own software development and compared the different design paradigms in various software solutions. PMID:25383181

Ahmed, Zeeshan; Zeeshan, Saman; Dandekar, Thomas

2014-01-01

419

Responsbility for unreliable software  

SciTech Connect

Unreliable software exposes software developers and distributors to legal risks. Under certain circumstances, the developer and distributor of unreliable software can be sued. To avoid lawsuits, software developers should do the following: determine what the risks am, understand the extent of the risks, and identify ways of avoiding the risks and lessening the consequences of the risks. Liability issues associated with unreliable software are explored in this article.

Wahl, N.J. [Middle Tennessee State Univ., Murfreesboro, TN (United States)

1994-12-31

420

Software component quality evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper describes a software inspection process that can be used to evaluate the quality of software components. Quality criteria, process application, independent testing of the process and proposed associated tool support are covered. Early results indicate that this technique is well suited for assessing software component quality in a standardized fashion. With automated machine assistance to facilitate both the evaluation and selection of software components, such a technique should promote effective reuse of software components.

Clough, A. J.

1991-01-01

421

42 CFR 435.1103 - Presumptive eligibility for other individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1102 apply to individuals who may be eligible under § 435.213 of this part (relating to individuals with breast or cervical cancer) or § 435.214 of this part (relating to eligibility for limited family planning benefits) such that...

2013-10-01

422

42 CFR 435.1103 - Presumptive eligibility for other individuals.  

...1102 apply to individuals who may be eligible under § 435.213 of this part (relating to individuals with breast or cervical cancer) or § 435.214 of this part (relating to eligibility for limited family planning benefits) such that...

2014-10-01

423

VOUS Software Facilitates Development Of Other Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Visual Object Oriented Unification System (VOUS) computer program provides facility for development of other, high-level software. Does not replace, but rather extends, preexisting software tools for development of other software. Provides comprehensive, graphical, interactive medium for all phases in development of computer code from early exploration of concepts, through detailed coding-and-error-checking process, to final reporting of finished code and compilation of instruction manual for its use. Simplifies and partly automates programmer's task.

Oliger, Joseph; Pichumani, Ramini; Ponceleon, Dulce

1992-01-01

424

Agent independent task planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Agent-Independent Planning is a technique that allows the construction of activity plans without regard to the agent that will perform them. Once generated, a plan is then validated and translated into instructions for a particular agent, whether a robot, crewmember, or software-based control system. Because Space Station Freedom (SSF) is planned for orbital operations for approximately thirty years, it will almost certainly experience numerous enhancements and upgrades, including upgrades in robotic manipulators. Agent-Independent Planning provides the capability to construct plans for SSF operations, independent of specific robotic systems, by combining techniques of object oriented modeling, nonlinear planning and temporal logic. Since a plan is validated using the physical and functional models of a particular agent, new robotic systems can be developed and integrated with existing operations in a robust manner. This technique also provides the capability to generate plans for crewmembers with varying skill levels, and later apply these same plans to more sophisticated robotic manipulators made available by evolutions in technology.

Davis, William S.

1990-01-01

425

Software reliability: Repetitive run experimentation and modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software experiment conducted with repetitive run sampling is reported. Independently generated input data was used to verify that interfailure times are very nearly exponentially distributed and to obtain good estimates of the failure rates of individual errors and demonstrate how widely they vary. This fact invalidates many of the popular software reliability models now in use. The log failure rate of interfailure time was nearly linear as a function of the number of errors corrected. A new model of software reliability is proposed that incorporates these observations.

Nagel, P. M.; Skrivan, J. A.

1982-01-01

426

Reusing software components in telecommunications network engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a methodology for reusing the graph theory algorithms in telecommunications network design. After having briefly defined the main aspects of network planning such as routing, reliability, network configuration, and so on, it characterizes the different situations where basic algorithms of graph theory could be reused. The statement of the principles for adapting software components has allowed us

S. Pierre; N. Nouisser

2000-01-01

427

Theory and practice of software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

For twenty years software has cost more than planned, has been completed late, and failed to achieve what it was intended to do. There exists gaps between theory, curriculum, and practice. I have been trying to fill in the gaps for 15 years. In 1985 I presented a paper that listed more than 20 activities that can improve the production

Richard J. Botting

1989-01-01

428

Tech Trek: Software that makes the grade  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As you make plans for the upcoming school year, consider reviewing one of the many gradebook software packages that are available for organizing and computing your classroom grades. Many different packages are available (see Figure 1) which range in price from free to over $100. This article discusses some of the most popular options.

Christmann, Edwin P.

2004-07-01

429

Software applied to oral implantology: Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software in combination with imaging techniques is used increasingly for diagnosis, planning and treatment in oral implantology. Computer-aided surgery allows a great accuracy in implant positioning to be obtained, taking advantage of the amount of bone available and facilitating minimally invasive surgery. It is a significant aid in determining implant number, location, angle and characteristics. A CT with a radiographic

Minerva Rubio Serrano; Salvador Albalat Estela; Maria Peñarrocha Diago; Miguel Peñarrocha Diago

2008-01-01

430

Maximizing the Use of Electronic Individualized Education Program Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the growing use of technology in today's schools, electronic IEP programs are being adopted by many school districts around the nation as part of special education service delivery. These programs provide a useful technology that can facilitate compliance with IDEA requirements in IEP development while concurrently lessening teacher…

More, Cori M.; Hart, Juliet E.

2013-01-01

431

Reconfigurable Software for Controlling Formation Flying  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software for a system to control the trajectories of multiple spacecraft flying in formation is being developed to reflect underlying concepts of (1) a decentralized approach to guidance and control and (2) reconfigurability of the control system, including reconfigurability of the software and of control laws. The software is organized as a modular network of software tasks. The computational load for both determining relative trajectories and planning maneuvers is shared equally among all spacecraft in a cluster. The flexibility and robustness of the software are apparent in the fact that tasks can be added, removed, or replaced during flight. In a computational simulation of a representative formation-flying scenario, it was demonstrated that the following are among the services performed by the software: Uploading of commands from a ground station and distribution of the commands among the spacecraft, Autonomous initiation and reconfiguration of formations, Autonomous formation of teams through negotiations among the spacecraft, Working out details of high-level commands (e.g., shapes and sizes of geometrically complex formations), Implementation of a distributed guidance law providing autonomous optimization and assignment of target states, and Implementation of a decentralized, fuel-optimal, impulsive control law for planning maneuvers.

Mueller, Joseph B.

2006-01-01

432

Tropos: An Agent-Oriented Software Development Methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our goal in this paper is to introduce and motivate a methodology, called Tropos,1 for building agent oriented software systems. Tropos is based on two key ideas. First, the notion of agent and all related mentalistic notions (for instance goals and plans) are used in all phases of software development, from early analysis down to the actual implementation. Second, Tropos

Paolo Bresciani; Anna Perini; Paolo Giorgini; Fausto Giunchiglia; John Mylopoulos

2004-01-01

433

A Model for Software Development Effort and Cost Estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several algorithmic models have been proposed to estimate software costs and other management parameters. Early prediction of completion time is absolutely essential for proper advance planning and aversion of the possible ruin of a project. L.H. Putnam's (1978) SLIM (Software LIfecycle Management) model offers a fairly reliable method that is used extensively to predict project completion times and manpower requirements

Krichnakumar Pillai; V. S. Sukumaran Nair

1997-01-01

434

SPRUCE: A Framework for Software Restructuring David Alex Lamb  

E-print Network

SPRUCE: A Framework for Software Restructuring David Alex Lamb David Putnam February, 1991 External- ing work, and present our plans for SPRUCE, a framework for incorporating such work into an integrated - software maintenance General Terms: design, human factors #12;SPRUCE Page i Table of Contents 1

Graham, Nick

435

Electromagnetic environment analysis of a software park near transmission lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electromagnetic environments (EMEs) of the planned Zhongguancun Software Park near transmission lines, including electrical field, magnetic field, and ground potential rise under three cases of lightning stroke, normal operation, and short-circuit faults, are assessed by numerical analysis. The power frequency EMEs of the software park are below the maximum ecological allowed exposure values for the general public; , nevertheless,

Jinliang He; Shuiming Chen; Jian Guo; Rong Zeng; Jaebok Lee; Sughun Chang; Bo Zhang; Jun Zou; Zhicheng Guan

2004-01-01

436

Software entropy in agile product evolution Geir Kjetil Hanssen  

E-print Network

Software entropy in agile product evolution Geir Kjetil Hanssen NTNU IDI / SINTEF ICT ghanssen.Conradi@idi.ntnu.no Leon Moonen Simula Research Laboratory leonm@simula.no Abstract As agile software development due to continuous change. This may on one side affect the ability to act agile in planning

437

MU's Early Space-Planning Computerization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of the University of Missouri-Columbia's Space Planning and Management office (SPAM) and the computerization of the school's space-planning archives. Discusses SPAM's software selection for standardization as well as its manual development, placing the school's buildings and floor plans on the Web, and its space-modeling…

Shader, Scott; Vaughn, Anthony

1998-01-01

438

42 CFR 50.206 - Sterilization of a mentally incompetent individual or of an institutionalized individual.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sterilization of a mentally incompetent individual...POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted...Planning Projects § 50.206 Sterilization of a mentally incompetent...

2010-10-01

439

Monitoring Deployed Software Using Software Tomography  

E-print Network

@cc.gatech.edu ABSTRACT Software products are often released with missing function- ality or errors that result in failures in the field. In previous work, we presented the Gamma technology, which facilitates remote monitoring of deployed software and allows for a prompt reaction to failures. In this paper, we investigate

Orso, Alessandro "Alex"

440

Software Evolution and Software Evolution Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the software in regular use in businesses and organisations all over the world cannot be completely specified. It cannot be implemented, once and for all. Both the original implementation and the inevitable subsequent evolution (maintenance) are a continual learning experience driven, inter alia, by feedback from the results of the behaviour under execution of the software, as perceived

Meir M. Lehman; Juan F. Ramil

2002-01-01

441

Software Defined Radio with Parallelized Software Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software implements software-defined radio procession over multi-core, multi-CPU systems in a way that maximizes the use of CPU resources in the system. The software treats each processing step in either a communications or navigation modulator or demodulator system as an independent, threaded block. Each threaded block is defined with a programmable number of input or output buffers; these buffers are implemented using POSIX pipes. In addition, each threaded block is assigned a unique thread upon block installation. A modulator or demodulator system is built by assembly of the threaded blocks into a flow graph, which assembles the processing blocks to accomplish the desired signal processing. This software architecture allows the software to scale effortlessly between single CPU/single-core computers or multi-CPU/multi-core computers without recompilation. NASA spaceflight and ground communications systems currently rely exclusively on ASICs or FPGAs. This software allows low- and medium-bandwidth (100 bps to .50 Mbps) software defined radios to be designed and implemented solely in C/C++ software, while lowering development costs and facilitating reuse and extensibility.

Heckler, Greg

2013-01-01

442

Software Defined Radio with Parallelized Software Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software implements software-defined radio procession over multicore, multi-CPU systems in a way that maximizes the use of CPU resources in the system. The software treats each processing step in either a communications or navigation modulator or demodulator system as an independent, threaded block. Each threaded block is defined with a programmable number of input or output buffers; these buffers are implemented using POSIX pipes. In addition, each threaded block is assigned a unique thread upon block installation. A modulator or demodulator system is built by assembly of the threaded blocks into a flow graph, which assembles the processing blocks to accomplish the desired signal processing. This software architecture allows the software to scale effortlessly between single CPU/single-core computers or multi-CPU/multi-core computers without recompilation. NASA spaceflight and ground communications systems currently rely exclusively on ASICs or FPGAs. This software allows low- and medium-bandwidth (100 bps to approx.50 Mbps) software defined radios to be designed and implemented solely in C/C++ software, while lowering development costs and facilitating reuse and extensibility.

Heckler, Greg

2013-01-01

443

Personalized Learning Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analysis and Simulation Inc. products, IEPLANNER and TPLAN, make use of C Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS), a NASA-developed expert system shell which originated at Johnson Space Center. Both products are interactive computer-based systems. They can be run independently or together as one complete system. Utilized as an Individual Education Plan tool, a user of IEPLANNER and TPLAN can define a goals list, while identifying a host of student demands in motor skills, socials skills, life skills, even legal and leisure needs in the user's area. This computerized, expert tutor and advisor allows assessment of the status of the student and the degree to which his/her needs are being met. NASA Small Business Innovation Research contracts have also supported the company Human Memory Extension technology and the creation of a World Wide Web 3D browser.

1997-01-01

444

MEDIC: Medical embedded device for individualized care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Objective: Presented work highlights the development and initial validation of a medical embedded device for individualized care (MEDIC), which is based on a novel software architecture, enabling sensor management and disease prediction capabil- ities, and commercially available microelectronic components, sensors and conven- tional personal digital assistant (PDA) (or a cell phone). Methods and materials: In this paper, we present

Winston H. Wu; Alex A. T. Bui; Maxim A. Batalin; Lawrence K. Au; Jonathan D. Binney; William J. Kaiser

2008-01-01

445

Identification of individuals using palatal rugae: Computerized method  

PubMed Central

Identification of individuals is a challenging task in forensic odontology. In circumstances where identification of an individual by fingerprint or dental record comparison is difficult, the palatal rugae may be considered as an alternative source. Palatal rugae have been shown to be highly individualistic and it maintains consistency in shape throughout life. Aims and Objectives: The present study is conducted to test the efficiency of computerized software in the identification of individuals after obtaining digital photographic images of the rugae. Materials and Methods: The intra oral photographs of 100 individuals were taken using a SLR digital camera. The custom made external attachment was attached to the camera to standardize all the photographs. A special software was designed called the Palatal Rugae Comparison Software (PRCS Version 2.0) to match the clinical photographs. Five evaluators including 3 dentists, 1 computer professional, and 1 general surgeon were asked to match the rugae pattern using the software. The results were recorded along with time taken by each operator to match all the photos using software. Results: The software recorded an accuracy of 99% in identification of individuals. Conclusion: The present study supports the fact of individuality of the rugae. Computerized method has given very good results to support the individualization of rugae. Through our study, we feel that palatal rugae patterns will be of great use in the future of forensic odontology. PMID:21731346

Hemanth, M; Vidya, M; Shetty, Nandaprasad; Karkera, Bhavana V

2010-01-01

446

36 CFR 219.16 - Relationships with interested individuals and organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PLANNING National Forest System Land and Resource Management Planning Collaborative Planning for Sustainability § 219.16 Relationships with interested individuals and organizations. The responsible official must:...

2011-07-01

447

36 CFR 219.16 - Relationships with interested individuals and organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PLANNING National Forest System Land and Resource Management Planning Collaborative Planning for Sustainability § 219.16 Relationships with interested individuals and organizations. The responsible official must:...

2010-07-01

448

Leveraging Existing Mission Tools in a Re-Usable, Component-Based Software Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Emerging methods in component-based software development offer significant advantages but may seem incompatible with existing mission operations applications. In this paper we relate our positive experiences integrating existing mission applications into component-based tools we are delivering to three missions. In most operations environments, a number of software applications have been integrated together to form the mission operations software. In contrast, with component-based software development chunks of related functionality and data structures, referred to as components, can be individually delivered, integrated and re-used. With the advent of powerful tools for managing component-based development, complex software systems can potentially see significant benefits in ease of integration, testability and reusability from these techniques. These benefits motivate us to ask how component-based development techniques can be relevant in a mission operations environment, where there is significant investment in software tools that are not component-based and may not be written in languages for which component-based tools even exist. Trusted and complex software tools for sequencing, validation, navigation, and other vital functions cannot simply be re-written or abandoned in order to gain the advantages offered by emerging component-based software techniques. Thus some middle ground must be found. We have faced exactly this issue, and have found several solutions. Ensemble is an open platform for development, integration, and deployment of mission operations software that we are developing. Ensemble itself is an extension of an open source, component-based software development platform called Eclipse. Due to the advantages of component-based development, we have been able to vary rapidly develop mission operations tools for three surface missions by mixing and matching from a common set of mission operation components. We have also had to determine how to integrate existing mission applications for sequence development, sequence validation, and high level activity planning, and other functions into a component-based environment. For each of these, we used a somewhat different technique based upon the structure and usage of the existing application.

Greene, Kevin; Grenander, Sven; Kurien, James; z,s (fshir. z[orttr); z,scer; O'Reilly, Taifun

2006-01-01

449

GENII Version 2 Software Design Document  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the architectural design for the GENII-V2 software package. This document defines details of the overall structure of the software, the major software components, their data file interfaces, and specific mathematical models to be used. The design represents a translation of the requirements into a description of the software structure, software components, interfaces, and necessary data. The design focuses on the major components and data communication links that are key to the implementation of the software within the operating framework. The purpose of the GENII-V2 software package is to provide the capability to perform dose and risk assessments of environmental releases of radionuclides. The software also has the capability of calculating environmental accumulation and radiation doses from surface water, groundwater, and soil (buried waste) media when an input concentration of radionuclide in these media is provided. This report represents a detailed description of the capabilities of the software product with exact specifications of mathematical models that form the basis for the software implementation and testing efforts. This report also presents a detailed description of the overall structure of the software package, details of main components (implemented in the current phase of work), details of data communication files, and content of basic output reports. The GENII system includes the capabilities for calculating radiation doses following chronic and acute releases. Radionuclide transport via air, water, or biological activity may be considered. Air transport options include both puff and plume models, each allow use of an effective stack height or calculation of plume rise from buoyant or momentum effects (or both). Building wake effects can be included in acute atmospheric release scenarios. The code provides risk estimates for health effects to individuals or populations; these can be obtained using the code by applying appropriate risk factors to the effective dose equivalent or organ dose. In addition, Version 2 uses cancer risk factors from Federal Guidance Report 13 to estimate risk to specific organs or tissues.

Napier, Bruce A.; Strenge, Dennis L.; Ramsdell, James V.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Fosmire, Christian J.

2004-03-08

450

Guidelines for software inspections  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality control inspections are software problem finding procedures which provide defect removal as well as improvements in software functionality, maintenance, quality, and development and testing methodology is discussed. The many side benefits include education, documentation, training, and scheduling.

1983-01-01

451

Evaluating Microcomputer Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests what to look for when evaluating software and its support literature; includes a software evaluation checklist. (Available from: Modern Learning Publishers, Inc., 6517 Liggett, Oakland, CA 94611, $14.) (AEA)

Sanders, Roger L.; Sanders, Mary Ellen

1983-01-01

452

Engineering secure software  

E-print Network

In recent years computer software has gained notoriety for the endemic nature of security problems in software. These problems have been exploited with malicious intent by attackers. Most attempts at fixing these problems have been after...

Jetly, Prateek

2001-01-01

453

2006 XSD Scientific Software Workshop report.  

SciTech Connect

In May of 2006, a committee was formed to assess the fundamental needs and opportunities in scientific software for x-ray data reduction, analysis, modeling, and simulation. This committee held a series of discussions throughout the summer, conducted a poll of the members of the x-ray community, and held a workshop. This report details the findings and recommendations of the committee. Each experiment performed at the APS requires three crucial ingredients: the powerful x-ray source, an optimized instrument to perform measurements, and computer software to acquire, visualize, and analyze the experimental observations. While the APS has invested significant resources in the accelerator, investment in other areas such as scientific software for data analysis and visualization has lagged behind. This has led to the adoption of a wide variety of software with variable levels of usability. In order to maximize the scientific output of the APS, it is essential to support the broad development of real-time analysis and data visualization software. As scientists attack problems of increasing sophistication and deal with larger and more complex data sets, software is playing an ever more important role. Furthermore, our need for excellent and flexible scientific software can only be expected to increase, as the upgrade of the APS facility and the implementation of advanced detectors create a host of new measurement capabilities. New software analysis tools must be developed to take full advantage of these capabilities. It is critical that the APS take the lead in software development and the implementation of theory to software to ensure the continued success of this facility. The topics described in this report are relevant to the APS today and critical for the APS upgrade plan. Implementing these recommendations will have a positive impact on the scientific productivity of the APS today and will be even more critical in the future.

Evans, K., Jr.; De Carlo, F.; Jemian, P.; Lang, J.; Lienert, U.; Maclean, J.; Newville, M.; Tieman, B.; Toby, B.; van Veenendaal, B.; Univ. of Chicago

2006-01-22

454

A treatment planning code for inverse planning and 3D optimization in hadrontherapy.  

PubMed

The therapeutic use of protons and ions, especially carbon ions, is a new technique and a challenge to conform the dose to the target due to the energy deposition characteristics of hadron beams. An appropriate treatment planning system (TPS) is strictly necessary to take full advantage. We developed a TPS software, ANCOD++, for the evaluation of the optimal conformal dose. ANCOD++ is an analytical code using the voxel-scan technique as an active method to deliver the dose to the patient, and provides treatment plans with both proton and carbon ion beams. The iterative algorithm, coded in C++ and running on Unix/Linux platform, allows the determination of the best fluences of the individual beams to obtain an optimal physical dose distribution, delivering a maximum dose to the target volume and a minimum dose to critical structures. The TPS is supported by Monte Carlo simulations with the package GEANT3 to provide the necessary physical lookup tables and verify the optimized treatment plans. Dose verifications done by means of full Monte Carlo simulations show an overall good agreement with the treatment planning calculations. We stress the fact that the purpose of this work is the verification of the physical dose and a next work will be dedicated to the radiobiological evaluation of the equivalent biological dose. PMID:18722599

Bourhaleb, F; Marchetto, F; Attili, A; Pittà, G; Cirio, R; Donetti, M; Giordanengo, S; Givehchi, N; Iliescu, S; Krengli, M; La Rosa, A; Massai, D; Pecka, A; Pardo, J; Peroni, C

2008-09-01

455

Software engineering economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the current state of the art and recent trends in software engineering economics. It provides an overview of economic analysis techniques and their applicability to software engineering and management. It surveys the field of software cost estimation, including the major estimation techniques available, the state of the art in algorithmic cost models, and the outstanding research issues

Barry W. Boehm

1984-01-01

456

Software maintenance documentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

When technical writers speak of software documentation, they usually speak of user manuals. Certainly there is reason for them to. User manuals produced by software people (and I am proud to count myself as a software person!) have often been so bad that a whole industry has sprung up to publish books containing information needed to supplement traditional developer-written user

R. Glass

1989-01-01

457

The software radio architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

As communications technology continues its rapid transition from analog to digital, more functions of contemporary radio systems are implemented in software, leading toward the software radio. This article provides a tutorial review of software radio architectures and technology, highlighting benefits, pitfalls, and lessons learned. This includes a closer look at the canonical functional partitioning of channel coding into antenna, RF,

J. Mitola

1995-01-01

458

Astronomical Software Directory Service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the final report on the development of the Astronomical Software Directory Service (ASDS), a distributable, searchable, WWW-based database of software packages and their related documentation. ASDS provides integrated access to 56 astronomical software packages, with more than 16,000 URL's indexed for full-text searching.

Hanisch, R. J.; Payne, H.; Hayes, J.

1998-01-01

459

Java for flight software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This work involves developing representative mission-critical spacecraft software using the Real-Time Specification for Java (RTSJ). This work currently leverages actual flight software used in the design of actual flight software in the NASA's Deep Space 1 (DSI), which flew in 1998.

Benowitz, E.; Niessner, A.

2003-01-01

460

Problem-Solving Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

CBR Express software solves problems by adapting sorted solutions to new problems specified by a user. It is applicable to a wide range of situations. The technology was originally developed by Inference Corporation for Johnson Space Center's Advanced Software Development Workstation. The project focused on the reuse of software designs, and Inference used CBR as part of the ACCESS prototype software. The commercial CBR Express is used as a "help desk" for customer support, enabling reuse of existing information when necessary. It has been adopted by several companies, among them American Airlines, which uses it to solve reservation system software problems.

1992-01-01

461

Studying Professional Software Designers and their Use of Abstraction  

E-print Network

to a particular professional: floor plans depict the skeletal structure of the building, the locations of walls and support beams, and the configurations of rooms; electrical plans map out the electrical circuits-sponsored International Work- shop on Studying Professional Software Developers, we ex- plore the use of abstraction

Godfrey, Michael W.

462

The Hobby-Eberly Telescope Night Operations Software System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe our efforts to improve existing and create new software tools for the planning and scheduling of observations at the 9.2 m Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET). These tools are used by the principal investigators (PIs) to prepare proposals and plan observations and by the astronomer running the telescope to evaluate, schedule and execute objects in the queue.

Rostopchin, S.; Shetrone, M. Cornell, M. E.; Umbarger, J.; Mason, C.

2009-09-01

463

Telescience Resource Kit Software Lifecycle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The challenge of a global operations capability led to the Telescience Resource Kit (TReK) project, an in-house software development project of the Mission Operations Laboratory (MOL) at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The TReK system is being developed as an inexpensive comprehensive personal computer- (PC-) based ground support system that can be used by payload users from their home sites to interact with their payloads on board the International Space Station (ISS). The TReK project is currently using a combination of the spiral lifecycle model and the incremental lifecycle model. As with any software development project, there are four activities that can be very time consuming: Software design and development, project documentation, testing, and umbrella activities, such as quality assurance and configuration management. In order to produce a quality product, it is critical that each of these activities receive the appropriate amount of attention. For TReK, the challenge was to lay out a lifecycle and project plan that provides full support for these activities, is flexible, provides a way to deal with changing risks, can accommodate unknowns, and can respond to changes in the environment quickly. This paper will provide an overview of the TReK lifecycle, a description of the project's environment, and a general overview of project activities.

Griner, Carolyn S.; Schneider, Michelle

1998-01-01

464

Automating software design system DESTA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

'DESTA' is the acronym for the Dialogue Evolutionary Synthesizer of Turnkey Algorithms by means of a natural language (Russian or English) functional specification of algorithms or software being developed. DESTA represents the computer-aided and/or automatic artificial intelligence 'forgiving' system which provides users with software tools support for algorithm and/or structured program development. The DESTA system is intended to provide support for the higher levels and earlier stages of engineering design of software in contrast to conventional Computer Aided Design (CAD) systems which provide low level tools for use at a stage when the major planning and structuring decisions have already been taken. DESTA is a knowledge-intensive system. The main features of the knowledge are procedures, functions, modules, operating system commands, batch files, their natural language specifications, and their interlinks. The specific domain for the DESTA system is a high level programming language like Turbo Pascal 6.0. The DESTA system is operational and runs on an IBM PC computer.

Lovitsky, Vladimir A.; Pearce, Patricia D.

1992-01-01

465

Understanding individual human mobility patterns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding human mobility patterns is of major importance for a number of areas, ranging from urban planning to traffic forecasting, transportation geography, and preventing the spread of biological and mobile viruses. Yet, in the absence of tools to monitor the time resolved location of a large number of individuals, our understanding of the basic laws governing human trajectories remains limited. Here we study the individual mobility pattern of mobile phone users whose position is tracked in a time resolved manner. We find that the displacement distribution of the whole population can be approximated with a truncated L'evy statistics, in agreement with earlier measurements. We show, however, that the main contribution to the observed distribution comes from the differences in the travel pattern of individuals. Furthermore, we find that the individual trajectories are bounded in space and are highly anisotropic, an effect that increases with the trajectory's radius of gyration. After we correct for differences in the radius of gyration and anisotropy all individuals are described by the same universal mobility pattern. These results open new avenues for modeling human motion, with important impact on agent based modeling, epidemic prevention, emergency response and urban planing.

González, Marta C.; Hidalgo, Cesar A.; Barabási, Albert-Lászlo

2008-03-01

466

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING AT McGILL Bachelor of Software Engineering  

E-print Network

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING AT McGILL Bachelor of Software Engineering What is software engineering? Software engineers design, develop and test complex software that applies computer technology to specific programmers, but software engineers apply the principles and techniques of computer science, engineering

Barthelat, Francois

467

Healthcare Software Assurance  

PubMed Central

Software assurance is a rigorous, lifecycle phase-independent set of activities which ensure completeness, safety, and reliability of software processes and products. This is accomplished by guaranteeing conformance to all requirements, standards, procedures, and regulations. These assurance processes are even more important when coupled with healthcare software systems, embedded software in medical instrumentation, and other healthcare-oriented life-critical systems. The current Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory requirements and guidance documentation do not address certain aspects of complete software assurance activities. In addition, the FDA’s software oversight processes require enhancement to include increasingly complex healthcare systems such as Hospital Information Systems (HIS). The importance of complete software assurance is introduced, current regulatory requirements and guidance discussed, and the necessity for enhancements to the current processes shall be highlighted. PMID:17238324

Cooper, Jason G.; Pauley, Keith A.

2006-01-01

468

Software for 3D radiotherapy dosimetry. Validation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The subject of this work is polyGeVero® software (GeVero Co., Poland), which has been developed to fill the requirements of fast calculations of 3D dosimetry data with the emphasis on polymer gel dosimetry for radiotherapy. This software comprises four workspaces that have been prepared for: (i) calculating calibration curves and calibration equations, (ii) storing the calibration characteristics of the 3D dosimeters, (iii) calculating 3D dose distributions in irradiated 3D dosimeters, and (iv) comparing 3D dose distributions obtained from measurements with the aid of 3D dosimeters and calculated with the aid of treatment planning systems (TPSs). The main features and functions of the software are described in this work. Moreover, the core algorithms were validated and the results are presented. The validation was performed using the data of the new PABIGnx polymer gel dosimeter. The polyGeVero® software simplifies and greatly accelerates the calculations of raw 3D dosimetry data. It is an effective tool for fast verification of TPS-generated plans for tumor irradiation when combined with a 3D dosimeter. Consequently, the software may facilitate calculations by the 3D dosimetry community. In this work, the calibration characteristics of the PABIGnx obtained through four calibration methods: multi vial, cross beam, depth dose, and brachytherapy, are discussed as well.

Kozicki, Marek; Maras, Piotr; Karwowski, Andrzej C.

2014-08-01

469

Software for 3D radiotherapy dosimetry. Validation.  

PubMed

The subject of this work is polyGeVero(®) software (GeVero Co., Poland), which has been developed to fill the requirements of fast calculations of 3D dosimetry data with the emphasis on polymer gel dosimetry for radiotherapy. This software comprises four workspaces that have been prepared for: (i) calculating calibration curves and calibration equations, (ii) storing the calibration characteristics of the 3D dosimeters, (iii) calculating 3D dose distributions in irradiated 3D dosimeters, and (iv) comparing 3D dose distributions obtained from measurements with the aid of 3D dosimeters and calculated with the aid of treatment planning systems (TPSs). The main features and functions of the software are described in this work. Moreover, the core algorithms were validated and the results are presented. The validation was performed using the data of the new PABIG(nx) polymer gel dosimeter. The polyGeVero(®) software simplifies and greatly accelerates the calculations of raw 3D dosimetry data. It is an effective tool for fast verification of TPS-generated plans for tumor irradiation when combined with a 3D dosimeter. Consequently, the software may facilitate calculations by the 3D dosimetry community. In this work, the calibration characteristics of the PABIG(nx) obtained through four calibration methods: multi vial, cross beam, depth dose, and brachytherapy, are discussed as well. PMID:25003788

Kozicki, Marek; Maras, Piotr; Karwowski, Andrzej C

2014-08-01

470

Clinical implementation of dose-volume histogram predictions for organs-at-risk in IMRT planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

True quality control (QC) of the planning process requires quantitative assessments of treatment plan quality itself, and QC in IMRT has been stymied by intra-patient anatomical variability and inherently complex three-dimensional dose distributions. In this work we describe the development of an automated system to reduce clinical IMRT planning variability and improve plan quality using mathematical models that predict achievable OAR DVHs based on individual patient anatomy. These models rely on the correlation of expected dose to the minimum distance from a voxel to the PTV surface, whereby a three-parameter probability distribution function (PDF) was used to model iso-distance OAR subvolume dose distributions. DVH models were obtained by fitting the evolution of the PDF with distance. Initial validation on clinical cohorts of 40 prostate and 24 head-and-neck plans demonstrated highly accurate model-based predictions for achievable DVHs in rectum, bladder, and parotid glands. By quantifying the integrated difference between candidate DVHs and predicted DVHs, the models correctly identified plans with under-spared OARs, validated by replanning all cases and correlating any realized improvements against the predicted gains. Clinical implementation of these predictive models was demonstrated in the PINNACLE treatment planning system by use of existing margin expansion utilities and the scripting functionality inherent to the system. To maintain independence from specific planning software, a system was developed in MATLAB to directly process DICOM-RT data. Both model training and patient-specific analyses were demonstrated with significant computational accelerations from parallelization.

Moore, K. L.; Appenzoller, L. M.; Tan, J.; Michalski, J. M.; Thorstad, W. L.; Mutic, S.

2014-03-01

471

Space Station Mission Planning System (MPS) development study. Volume 1: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic objective of the Space Station (SS) Mission Planning System (MPS) Development Study was to define a baseline Space Station mission plan and the associated hardware and software requirements for the system. A detailed definition of the Spacelab (SL) payload mission planning process and SL Mission Integration Planning System (MIPS) software was derived. A baseline concept was developed for performing SS manned base payload mission planning, and it was consistent with current Space Station design/operations concepts and philosophies. The SS MPS software requirements were defined. Also, requirements for new software include candidate programs for the application of artificial intelligence techniques to capture and make more effective use of mission planning expertise. A SS MPS Software Development Plan was developed which phases efforts for the development software to implement the SS mission planning concept.

Klus, W. J.

1987-01-01

472

Lafayette Metropolitan Planning Organization 2030 Transportation Plan  

E-print Network

Engineering, Inc. 5 , Caliper Corporation 6 , Bernardin, Lochmueller Associates 7 and Dr. David C. Johnson 8 and include the following individuals: 4 Neel-Schafer is a regional transportation consultant...-Schaffer, Inc. Gerald Dubroc, Principal, Dubroc Engineering, Inc. Chris Guilbeau, Engineer I, Dubroc Engineering, Inc. Dr. David A Ripple, Chief of Transportation Land Use Planning, Bernardin, Lochmueller Associates Dr. David Johnson, Consulting Demographer...

Lafayette Metropolitan Planning Organization

2010-10-31

473

The determination of measures of software reliability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Measurement of software reliability was carried out during the development of data base software for a multi-sensor tracking system. The failure ratio and failure rate were found to be consistent measures. Trend lines could be established from these measurements that provide good visualization of the progress on the job as a whole as well as on individual modules. Over one-half of the observed failures were due to factors associated with the individual run submission rather than with the code proper. Possible application of these findings for line management, project managers, functional management, and regulatory agencies is discussed. Steps for simplifying the measurement process and for use of these data in predicting operational software reliability are outlined.

Maxwell, F. D.; Corn, B. C.

1978-01-01

474

A report on NASA software engineering and Ada training requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's software engineering and Ada skill base are assessed and information that may result in new models for software engineering, Ada training plans, and curricula are provided. A quantitative assessment which reflects the requirements for software engineering and Ada training across NASA is provided. A recommended implementation plan including a suggested curriculum with associated duration per course and suggested means of delivery is also provided. The distinction between education and training is made. Although it was directed to focus on NASA's need for the latter, the key relationships to software engineering education are also identified. A rationale and strategy for implementing a life cycle education and training program are detailed in support of improved software engineering practices and the transition to Ada.

Legrand, Sue; Freedman, Glenn B.; Svabek, L.

1987-01-01

475

Global implementation of ERP software - critical success factors on upgrading technical infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Implementing an Enterprise Resource planning (ERP) software in a global environment, executive sponsors face two key challenges. While business processes are to be re-engineered to align with the ERP software best practices, technical architecture and infrastructure needs to be in place globally as per specifications of the packaged software. In the legacy environment, different countries or different business units use

Saumyendu Ghosh; Swati Ghosh

2003-01-01

476

Software Effort, Quality, and Cycle Time: A Study of CMM Level 5 Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Capability Maturity Model (CMM) has become a popular methodology for improving software development processes with the goal of developing high-quality software within budget and planned cycle time. Prior research literature, while not exclusively focusing on CMM level 5 projects, has identified a host of factors as determinants of software development effort, quality, and cycle time. In this study, we

Manish Agrawal; Kaushal Chari

2007-01-01

477

COLLABORATION IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING ATHEORY OF COORDINATION  

E-print Network

of making good technical decisions is a consequence of the fact that in all systems of significant scale, decision-making by multiple individuals and by multiple teams proceeds in parallel. Technical decisions decisions is a central concern of software engineering. We present a theory in which coordination

Herbsleb, James D.

478

The influence of direct action possibilities on movement in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The method by which individuals plan and execute movements is highly dependent on the environmental and task constraints. However, the way in which individuals view the world and objects differ amongst the population. This has profound implications for individuals who may have difficulties planning movement. There is growing evidence that individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder have not only deficits in

David A Gonzalez

2011-01-01

479

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Statistical Solutions with Confident Results  

E-print Network

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Statistical Solutions with Confident Results what iS ViSual SamPle Plan? Visual Sample Plan (VSP) is a software tool that supports the development of a defensible sampling plan decision making. VSP couples site, building, and sample location visualization capabilities with optimal

480

A Contextual Approach to Improving Software Metrics Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even though empirical studies report less than satisfactory results with software metrics, we have limited knowledge on how to improve programs that are already implemented. On this backdrop, we report from a three-year collaborative action research project in Software, Inc., aimed at increasing the benefits of their metrics program. The perceived challenge was not to improve individual metrics, but rather

Helle Damborg Frederiksen; Lars Mathiassen

2008-01-01

481

A Metaphor and a Conceptual Architecture for Software Development Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conceptual architecture for software development environments (SDEs) is presented in terms of a new metaphor drawn from business enterprises. A metaphor is employed as the architecture is complex, requiring understanding from several perspectives. The metaphor provides a rich set of familiar concepts that strongly aid in understanding the environment architecture and software production. The metaphor is applicable to individual

Izhar Shy; Richard N. Taylor; Leon J. Osterweil

1989-01-01

482

A Survey of Controlled Experiments in Software Engineering  

E-print Network

to 2002, 103 articles (1.9 percent) reported controlled experiments in which individuals or teamsA Survey of Controlled Experiments in Software Engineering Dag I.K. Sjøberg, Member, IEEE Computer controlled experiments. This paper reports upon the present state of how controlled experiments in software

483

Statistical modelling of software reliability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the six-month period from 1 April 1991 to 30 September 1991 the following research papers in statistical modeling of software reliability appeared: (1) A Nonparametric Software Reliability Growth Model; (2) On the Use and the Performance of Software Reliability Growth Models; (3) Research and Development Issues in Software Reliability Engineering; (4) Special Issues on Software; and (5) Software Reliability and Safety.

Miller, Douglas R.

1991-01-01

484

Genesis Preliminary Examination Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of preliminary examination of the Genesis sample collectors is to provide information on the condition and availability of collector materials to the science community as a basis for allocation requests. Similarly, the information will be used by the Genesis Sample Allocation sub-committee of CAPTEM to determine the optimum allocation scheme, and by the Genesis Curator to determine the processing sequence for allocation production. The plan includes a decision process and detailed examination and documentation protocol for whole arrays and individual collectors (wafers, concentrator targets, bulk metallic glass, gold foil, and polished aluminum). It also includes a plan for communicating the information obtained to the scientific community. The plan does not include a detailed plan for preliminary examination of the SRC lid foil collectors, the process for removal of individual collectors from their frames, or for the subsequent subdivision of collector materials for allocation.

McNamara, K. M.; Stansbery, E. K.

2004-01-01

485

Neurological surgery planning system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The computer-assisted neurological surgery planning system (NSPS), developed by the Neurological Surgery Department, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, is designed to offer neurosurgeons a safe and accurate method to approach intracranial lesions. Software consisting of the most advanced technologies in computer vision, computer graphics, and stereotactic numeric analysis forms the kernel of the system. Our paper discusses the functionalities and background theories used in NSPS.

Jiang, Charlie Z. W.; Zamorano, Lucia J.; Kadi, A. Majeed

1993-09-01

486

TDRSS momentum unload planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A knowledge-based system is described which monitors TDRSS telemetry for problems in the momentum unload procedure. The system displays TDRSS telemetry and commands in real time via X-windows. The system constructs a momentum unload plan which agrees with the preferences of the attitude control specialists and the momentum growth characteristics of the individual spacecraft. During the execution of the plan, the system monitors the progress of the procedure and watches for unexpected problems.

Cross, George R.; Potter, Mitchell A.; Whitehead, J. Douglass; Smith, James T.

1991-01-01

487

2Plan Desktop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

2Plan Desktop is offered as an alternative to Microsoft Project for those parties who might be interested in finding a free program for desktop scheduling. The program features a fine user interface that allows individuals to manipulate their screen layout, create project scheduling, and monitor a project budget. The website for 2Plan includes a manual and several training videos. This version is compatible with computers running Windows 2000 and newer, along with Linux.

488

A knowledge based software engineering environment testbed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Carnegie Group Incorporated and Boeing Computer Services Company are developing a testbed which will provide a framework for integrating conventional software engineering tools with Artifical Intelligence (AI) tools to promote automation and productivity. The emphasis is on the transfer of AI technology to the software development process. Experiments relate to AI issues such as scaling up, inference, and knowledge representation. In its first year, the project has created a model of software development by representing software activities; developed a module representation formalism to specify the behavior and structure of software objects; integrated the model with the formalism to identify shared representation and inheritance mechanisms; demonstrated object programming by writing procedures and applying them to software objects; used data-directed and goal-directed reasoning to, respectively, infer the cause of bugs and evaluate the appropriateness of a configuration; and demonstrated knowledge-based graphics. Future plans include introduction of knowledge-based systems for rapid prototyping or rescheduling; natural language interfaces; blackboard architecture; and distributed processing

Gill, C.; Reedy, A.; Baker, L.

1985-01-01

489

Software tool for portal dosimetry research.  

PubMed

This paper describes a software tool developed for research into the use of an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) to verify dose for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) beams. A portal dose image prediction (PDIP) model that predicts the EPID response to IMRT beams has been implemented into a commercially available treatment planning system (TPS). The software tool described in this work was developed to modify the TPS PDIP model by incorporating correction factors into the predicted EPID image to account for the difference in EPID response to open beam radiation and multileaf collimator (MLC) transmitted radiation. The processes performed by the software tool include; i) read the MLC file and the PDIP from the TPS, ii) calculate the fraction of beam-on time that each point in the IMRT beam is shielded by MLC leaves, iii) interpolate correction factors from look-up tables, iv) create a corrected PDIP image from the product of the original PDIP and the correction factors and write the corrected image to file, v) display, analyse, and export various image datasets. The software tool was developed using the Microsoft Visual Studio.NET framework with the C# compiler. The operation of the software tool was validated. This software provided useful tools for EPID dosimetry research, and it is being utilised and further developed in ongoing EPID dosimetry and IMRT dosimetry projects. PMID:18946980

Vial, P; Hunt, P; Greer, P B; Oliver, L; Baldock, C

2008-09-01

490

COTS software selection process.  

SciTech Connect

Today's need for rapid software development has generated a great interest in employing Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) software products as a way of managing cost, developing time, and effort. With an abundance of COTS software packages to choose from, the problem now is how to systematically evaluate, rank, and select a COTS product that best meets the software project requirements and at the same time can leverage off the current corporate information technology architectural environment. This paper describes a systematic process for decision support in evaluating and ranking COTS software. Performed right after the requirements analysis, this process provides the evaluators with more concise, structural, and step-by-step activities for determining the best COTS software product with manageable risk. In addition, the process is presented in phases that are flexible to allow for customization or tailoring to meet various projects' requirements.

Watkins, William M. (Strike Wire Technologies, Louisville, CO); Lin, Han Wei; McClelland, Kelly (U.S. Security Associates, Livermore, CA); Ullrich, Rebecca Ann; Khanjenoori, Soheil; Dalton, Karen; Lai, Anh Tri; Kuca, Michal; Pacheco, Sandra; Shaffer-Gant, Jessica

2006-05-01

491

IRAS software analysis library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this project was to collect 'research software' written in Interactive Data Language (IDL) to support analysis of data from the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) and make it available to the larger community. 'Research Software' describes software created by researchers and staff for a specific research goal, but lacks sufficient documentation, easy to use interfaces, and rigorous debugging. Additionally, most of the IDL/IRAS code available needed to be ported to a (largely) hardware independent new version of IDL.

Domik, Gitta; Merkle, C. Scott

1991-01-01

492

Secure Multicast Software Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, purchased software is delivered via sending CD-ROMs or downloading from the Internet. These solutions are either time-consuming or not scalable when the number of end-users becomes large. In this paper, we explore the use of multicast technology as an option for software delivery. We present a global structure for multicast software delivery and look into security issues, mainly focusing

Lin Han; Nahid Shahmehri

2000-01-01

493

Defect measurement and analysis of JPL ground software: a case study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ground software systems at JPL must meet high assurance standards while remaining on schedule due to relatively immovable launch dates for spacecraft that will be controlled by such systems. Toward this end, the Software Quality Improvement (SQI) project's Measurement and Benchmarking (M&B) team is collecting and analyzing defect data of JPL ground system software projects to build software defect prediction models. The aim of these models is to improve predictability with regard to software quality activities. Predictive models will quantitatively define typical trends for JPL ground systems as well as Critical Discriminators (CDs) to provide explanations for atypical deviations from the norm at JPL. CDs are software characteristics that can be estimated or foreseen early in a software project's planning. Thus, these CDs will assist in planning for the predicted degree to which software quality activities for a project are likely to deviation from the normal JPL ground system based on pasted experience across the lab.

Powell, John D.; Spagnuolo, John N., Jr.

2004-01-01

494

Treatment planning for a small animal using Monte Carlo simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a small animal model for radiotherapy research requires a complete setup of customized imaging equipment, irradiators, and planning software that matches the sizes of the subjects. The purpose of this study is to develop and demonstrate the use of a flexible in-house research environment for treatment planning on small animals. The software package, called DOSCTP, provides a

James C. L. Chow; Michael K. K. Leung

2007-01-01

495

NASA's Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft (manned or unmanned) launched that did not have a computer on board that provided vital command and control services. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Led by the NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard (STD-18l9.13B) has recently undergone a significant update in an attempt to provide that consistency. This paper will discuss the key features of the new NASA Software Safety Standard. It will start with a brief history of the use and development of software in safety critical applications at NASA. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Working Group and the approach it took to revise the software engineering process across the Agency.

Ramsay, Christopher M.

2005-01-01

496

Classification software technique assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A catalog of software options is presented for the use of local user communities to obtain software for analyzing remotely sensed multispectral imagery. The resources required to utilize a particular software program are described. Descriptions of how a particular program analyzes data and the performance of that program for an application and data set provided by the user are shown. An effort is made to establish a statistical performance base for various software programs with regard to different data sets and analysis applications, to determine the status of the state-of-the-art.

Jayroe, R. R., Jr.; Atkinson, R.; Dasarathy, B. V.; Lybanon, M.; Ramapryian, H. K.

1976-01-01

497

LASP: Locomotive Analysis Software Package. Software  

SciTech Connect

The tape contains Locomotive Analysis Software Package for analyzing the data collected by a Locomotive Data Acquisition Package (LDAP). The LDAP is designed to study the locomotive performance and may be applied to study the energy conservation measures as well as train dynamics. The locomotive analysis software package consists of 12 computer programs which, along with the subroutines, reside on 31 files on the tape. These programs may be used for data verification, data reduction and analysis of data collected by LDAP. While the programs have been developed for use on a DEC PDP 11/70 computer, the language and format is suitable for use on other computer systems...Software Description: The system is written in the FORTRAN programming language for implementation on a DEC PDP 11/70 computer using the IAS version 3.1 operating system. The computer memory requirement is 64K.

Bang, A.

1982-03-01

498

A software system for laser design and analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A laser-material database and laser-modeling software system for designing lasers for laser-based Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) systems are presented. The software system consists of three basic sections: the database, laser models, and interface software. The database contains the physical parameters of laser, optical, and nonlinear materials required by laser models. The models include efficiency calculations, electrooptical component models, resonator, amplifier, and oscillator models, and miscellaneous models. The interface software provides a user-friendly interface between the user and his personal data files, the database, and models. The structure of the software system is essentially in place, while future plans call for upgrading the computer hardware and software in order to support a multiuser multitask environment.

Cross, P. L.; Barnes, N. P.; Filer, E. D.

1990-01-01

499

SUMMARY PLAN DESCRIPTION Plan Name: MCWAH Vision Plan [Plan # 505  

E-print Network

Processing: Insurer with Administration by EyeMed Vision Care Premium Payments: Employer pays 100 Insurance Plan Year: July 1 ­ June 30 Employer\\Policyholder\\Plan Administrator\\Plan Sponsor: Medical College-1341366 Type of Plan, Funding, and Administration: Fully Insured Group Vision Plan Group Insurance Policy

500

Planificación Neuroquirúrgica con Software Osirix  

PubMed Central

Introducción: La individualidad anatómica es clave para reducir el trauma quirúrgico y obtener un mejor resultado. Actualmente, el avance en las neuroimágenes ha permitido objetivar esa individualidad anatómica, permitiendo planificar la intervención quirúrgica. Con este objetivo, presentamos nuestra experiencia con el software Osirix. Descripción de la técnica: Se presentan 3 casos ejemplificadores de 40 realizados. Caso 1: Paciente con meningioma de la convexidad parasagital izquierda en área premotora; Caso 2: Paciente con macroadenoma hipofisario, operada previamente por vía transeptoesfenoidal en otra institución con una resección parcial; Caso 3: Paciente con lesiones en pedúnculo cerebeloso medio bilateral. Se realizó la planificación prequirúrgica con el software OsiriX, fusionando y reconstruyendo en 3D las imágenes de TC e IRM, para analizar relaciones anatómicas, medir distancias, coordenadas y trayectorias, entre otras funciones. Discusión: El software OsiriX de acceso libre y gratuito permite al cirujano, mediante la fusión y reconstrucción en 3D de imágenes, analizar la anatomía individual del paciente y planificar de forma rápida, simple, segura y económica cirugías de alta complejidad. En el Caso 1 se pudo analizar las relaciones del tumor con las estructuras adyacentes para minimizar el abordaje. En el Caso 2 permitió comprender la anatomía post-operatoria previa del paciente, para determinar la trayectoria del abordaje transnasal endoscópico y la necesidad de ampliar su exposición, logrando la resección tumoral completa. En el Caso 3 permitió obtener las coordenadas estereotáxicas y trayectoria de una lesión sin representación tomográfica. Conclusión: En casos de no contar con costosos sistemas de neuronavegación o estereotáxia el software OsiriX es una alternativa a la hora de planificar la cirugía, con el objetivo de disminuir el trauma y la morbilidad operatoria. PMID:25165617

Jaimovich, Sebastián Gastón; Guevara, Martin; Pampin, Sergio; Jaimovich, Roberto; Gardella, Javier Luis

2014-01-01