Sample records for individual software plan

  1. Trimble's GPS Planning Software

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This webpage from Trimble provides a free download of their GPS planning software. The tool is described as "a powerful stand-alone software tool supporting any form of analysis to determine visibility for GPS, GLONASS, IGSO and geostationary satellites." Features of the software include station location, multi station planning, Sky plots, DOP charts and visible satellites.

  2. My Individual Development Plan

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Cynthia Fuhrmann (UCSF)

    2012-09-06

    MyIDP (My Individual Development Plan) is a unique, web-based career-planning tool tailored to meet the needs of PhD students and postdocs in the sciences. MyIDP provides exercises, career paths, goal setting tools, and articles to guide individuals through the individual development plan process.

  3. Individual Development Plan Worksheet

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jennifer A Hobin (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology)

    2011-04-13

    This individual development plan (IDP) worksheet helps the individual identify scientific career paths that match their scientific skills, values, and interests. Once a career path is selected, individuals can use this worksheet to set personal goals, conduct information interviews, and explore additional career resources.

  4. Individualized Healthcare Plans for the School Nurse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School Health Association (NJ3), 2005

    2005-01-01

    This resource sets the standard for school nurses concerning the formulation of individualized healthcare plans designed to fit the unique health needs of students. Eighteen chapters focus on special issues and school nursing concepts. Computer software, which accompanies the manual, assists in the development and creation of individualized

  5. Individual Development Plan

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-01-04

    This website outlines a planning process to help postdocs identify their short- and long-term career and professional development goals and serves as a tool to facilitate communication about these goals between postdocs and their mentors. It also contains a model for conducting an annual review of training and professional progress and establishing a research and training plan for the future.

  6. Light Duty Utility Arm Software Test Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Kiebel, G.R.

    1995-12-18

    This plan describes how validation testing of the software will be implemented for the integrated control and data acquisition system of the Light Duty Utility Arm System (LDUA). The purpose of LDUA software validation testing is to demonstrate and document that the LDUA software meets its software requirements specification.

  7. Software quality assurance plan for GCS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duncan, Stephen E.; Bailey, Elizabeth K.

    1990-01-01

    The software quality assurance (SQA) function for the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project which is part of a software error studies research program is described. The SQA plan outlines all of the procedures, controls, and audits to be carried out by the SQA organization to ensure adherence to the policies, procedures, and standards for the GCS project.

  8. Software verification plan for GCS. [guidance and control software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dent, Leslie A.; Shagnea, Anita M.; Hayhurst, Kelly J.

    1990-01-01

    This verification plan is written as part of an experiment designed to study the fundamental characteristics of the software failure process. The experiment will be conducted using several implementations of software that were produced according to industry-standard guidelines, namely the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics RTCA/DO-178A guidelines, Software Consideration in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, for the development of flight software. This plan fulfills the DO-178A requirements for providing instructions on the testing of each implementation of software. The plan details the verification activities to be performed at each phase in the development process, contains a step by step description of the testing procedures, and discusses all of the tools used throughout the verification process.

  9. GCS plan for software aspects of certification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shagnea, Anita M.; Lowman, Douglas S.; Withers, B. Edward

    1990-01-01

    As part of the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) research project being sponsored by NASA to evaluate the failure processes of software, standard industry software development procedures are being employed. To ensure that these procedures are authentic, the guidelines outlined in the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA/DO-178A document entitled, software considerations in airborne systems and equipment certification, were adopted. A major aspect of these guidelines is proper documentation. As such, this report, the plan for software aspects of certification, was produced in accordance with DO-178A. An overview is given of the GCS research project, including the goals of the project, project organization, and project schedules. It also specifies the plans for all aspects of the project which relate to the certification of the GCS implementations developed under a NASA contract. These plans include decisions made regarding the software specification, accuracy requirements, configuration management, implementation development and verification, and the development of the GCS simulator.

  10. Software Project Planning Associate (SPPA): A Knowledge-Based Approach for Dynamic Software Project Planning and Tracking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ching-seh Wu; Dick B. Simmons

    2000-01-01

    Software project planning can be one of the most critical activities in the modern software development process. Without a realistic and objective software project plan, the software development process cannot be managed in an effective way. Over-runs of 100-200% are common. Some software projects never deliver anything. Managers have difficulty understanding and visualizing the software development process defined in a

  11. Developing Individual Action-Planning Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, A. G.

    1994-01-01

    Action planning is a tool for developing individual learning management skills such as self-awareness, planning, information seeking, communication, interpersonal assertiveness, target setting, personal organization, and reviewing. They can be developed through briefing, practice, supported practice, exercises, and modeling. (SK)

  12. Software for Optimizing Plans Involving Interdependent Goals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Estlin, Tara; Gaines, Daniel; Rabideau, Gregg

    2005-01-01

    A computer program enables construction and optimization of plans for activities that are directed toward achievement of goals that are interdependent. Goal interdependence is defined as the achievement of one or more goals affecting the desirability or priority of achieving one or more other goals. This program is overlaid on the Automated Scheduling and Planning Environment (ASPEN) software system, aspects of which have been described in a number of prior NASA Tech Briefs articles. Unlike other known or related planning programs, this program considers interdependences among goals that can change between problems and provides a language for easily specifying such dependences. Specifications of the interdependences can be formulated dynamically and provided to the associated planning software as part of the goal input. Then an optimization algorithm provided by this program enables the planning software to reason about the interdependences and incorporate them into an overall objective function that it uses to rate the quality of a plan under construction and to direct its optimization search. In tests on a series of problems of planning geological experiments by a team of instrumented robotic vehicles (rovers) on new terrain, this program was found to enhance plan quality.

  13. Integrating Software Services for Preproject-Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John KUNZ

    Summary Sharing computer models among project participants and their software applications (services) can improve the quality and reduce the time to perform Pre-Project Planning (PPP) for construction projects. However, sharing knowledge and data among independent services for PPP requires a formal computer interpretable vocabulary (ontology), and managing the automated interoperation of services requires control architecture and reasoning mechanisms. This research

  14. SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Curtis L.Smith; Ted S. Wood

    2010-03-01

    This project is being conducted at the request of the DOE and the NRC. The INL has been requested by the NRC to improve and maintain the Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluation (SAPHIRE) tool set concurrent with the changing needs of the user community as well as staying current with new technologies. Successful completion will be upon NRC approved release of all software and accompanying documentation in a timely fashion. This project will enhance the SAPHIRE tool set for the user community (NRC, Nuclear Power Plant operations, Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA) model developers) by providing improved Common Cause Failure (CCF), External Events, Level 2, and Significance Determination Process (SDP) analysis capabilities. The SAPHIRE development team at the Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for successful completion of this project. The project is under the supervision of Curtis L. Smith, PhD, Technical Lead for the SAPHIRE application. All current capabilities from SAPHIRE version 7 will be maintained in SAPHIRE 8. The following additional capabilities will be incorporated: • Incorporation of SPAR models for the SDP interface. • Improved quality assurance activities for PRA calculations of SAPHIRE Version 8. • Continue the current activities for code maintenance, documentation, and user support for the code.

  15. Quality and Individualization in Wraparound Team Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet S. Walker; Kathryn Schutte

    2005-01-01

    In children’s mental health, collaborative, team-based individualized service planning is most commonly known as wraparound, and has become one of the primary strategies for improving services and outcomes for children with the highest levels of need. We report on analyses of data gathered at 72 wraparound team meetings from communities around the United States. We describe the composition of the

  16. Individualized Healthcare Plans (IHP). Position Statement. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of School Nurses (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that students whose healthcare needs affect or have the potential to affect safe and optimal school attendance and academic performance require the professional school nurse to write an Individualized Healthcare Plan (IHP), in collaboration with the student, family, educators,…

  17. 49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

  18. 49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

  19. 49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

  20. FY95 software project management plan: TMACS, CASS computer systems

    SciTech Connect

    Spurling, D.G.

    1994-11-11

    The FY95 Work Plan for TMACS and CASS Software Projects describes the activities planned for the current fiscal year. This plan replaces WHC-SD-WM-SDP-008. The TMACS project schedule is included in the TWRS Integrated Schedule.

  1. Improving DHH Students' Grammar through an Individualized Software Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cannon, Joanna E.; Easterbrooks, Susan R.; Gagne, Phill; Beal-Alvarez, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the frequent use of a targeted, computer software grammar instruction program, used as an individualized classroom activity, would influence the comprehension of morphosyntax structures (determiners, tense, and complementizers) in deaf/hard-of-hearing (DHH) participants who use American Sign Language…

  2. Software configuration management plan for HANDI 2000 business management system

    SciTech Connect

    BENNION, S.I.

    1999-02-10

    The Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the configuration management and control environment for HANDI 2000 for the PP and PS software, as well as any custom developed software. This plan establishes requirements and processes for uniform documentation and coordination of HANDI 2000. This SCMP becomes effective as of this document's acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts.

  3. Radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system subsystem 143 software development plan

    SciTech Connect

    King, D.A.

    1994-11-10

    This plan describes the activities to be performed and the controls to be applied to the process of specifying, developing, and qualifying the data acquisition software for the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Transportation System Subsystem 143 Instrumentation and Data Acquisition System (IDAS). This plan will serve as a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation (V and V) plan, and a configuration management plan.

  4. Software Configuration Management Plan for the Sodium Removal System

    SciTech Connect

    HILL, L.F.

    2000-03-06

    This document establishers the Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) for the software associated with the control system of the Sodium Removal System (SRS) located in the Interim Examination and Maintenance (IEM Cell) Facility of the FFTF Flux Test.

  5. 38 CFR 21.90 - Individualized independent living plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Individualized independent living plan. 21.90 Section 21.90 ...21.90 Individualized independent living plan. (a) Purpose. The purpose...can become more independent in daily living within the family and community....

  6. 38 CFR 21.90 - Individualized independent living plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Individualized independent living plan. 21.90 Section 21.90 ...21.90 Individualized independent living plan. (a) Purpose. The purpose...can become more independent in daily living within the family and community....

  7. Guidance and Control Software Project Data - Volume 1: Planning Documents

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hayhurst, Kelly J. (Editor)

    2008-01-01

    The Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project was the last in a series of software reliability studies conducted at Langley Research Center between 1977 and 1994. The technical results of the GCS project were recorded after the experiment was completed. Some of the support documentation produced as part of the experiment, however, is serving an unexpected role far beyond its original project context. Some of the software used as part of the GCS project was developed to conform to the RTCA/DO-178B software standard, "Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification," used in the civil aviation industry. That standard requires extensive documentation throughout the software development life cycle, including plans, software requirements, design and source code, verification cases and results, and configuration management and quality control data. The project documentation that includes this information is open for public scrutiny without the legal or safety implications associated with comparable data from an avionics manufacturer. This public availability has afforded an opportunity to use the GCS project documents for DO-178B training. This report provides a brief overview of the GCS project, describes the 4-volume set of documents and the role they are playing in training, and includes the planning documents from the GCS project. Volume 1 contains five appendices: A. Plan for Software Aspects of Certification for the Guidance and Control Software Project; B. Software Development Standards for the Guidance and Control Software Project; C. Software Verification Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; D. Software Configuration Management Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; and E. Software Quality Assurance Activities.

  8. Effective Planning for Individualized Instruction [and] Encouraging Individualized Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markham, Reed

    The first of two papers on individualized instruction notes that with the ever increasing demands for larger classes it is becoming more important for parents to make sure their child receives an education that will meet his or her individual needs. Children have to understand what they read and understand what they do not read but infer from…

  9. Software configuration management plan for HANDI 2000 business management system

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, D.

    1998-08-25

    The Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the configuration management and control environment for HANDI 2000 for the PP and PS software as well as any custom developed software. This plan establishes requirements and processes for uniform documentation control, system change control, systematic evaluation and coordination of HANDI 2000. This SCMP becomes effective as this document is acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts.

  10. Coordination of Individual and Organizational Planning for Natural Hazards (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krantz, D. H.

    2013-12-01

    Decision making consists of constructing or selecting a plan. This is true at many levels of decision making: individuals or households, small groups, larger organizations, and governments. In each case, plans are constructed or selected taking account of the decision maker's prioritized set of active goals and the decision maker's beliefs about the probability or the extent to which each goal will be attained through a given plan. Planning for mitigation of or response to natural hazards can be improved if the plans of the many decision makers at multiple levels are coordinated. Government planning should ideally be informed by knowledge about the plans of businesses and non-profit organizations as well as knowledge about individual, household, and neighborhood plans. Similarly, plans at the individual and organizational levels should be informed by knowledge of others' plans at the same and at higher and lower levels of aggregation. Coordination can be impaired by differences in goals, differences in beliefs about the instrumentality of plans toward given goals, and also by ignorance of others' goals and plans. Good coordination requires incentives that promote sharing of plans, horizontally and vertically, and that alleviate conflicts in goals and conflicts in beliefs that will inevitably surface once plans are shared. Thus, four different kinds of decision aids are needed to improve natural hazard planning: mechanisms that support horizontal dissemination of plans, mechanisms that support vertical dissemination, mechanisms for examining goal conflicts and reducing these through plans that take others' goals into account, and mechanisms for examining belief conflicts.

  11. ICESat (GLAS) Science Processing Software Document Series. Volume 1; Science Software Management Plan; 3.0

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hancock, David W., III

    1999-01-01

    This document provides the Software Management Plan for the GLAS Standard Data Software (SDS) supporting the GLAS instrument of the EOS ICESat Spacecraft. The SDS encompasses the ICESat Science Investigator-led Processing System (I-SIPS) Software and the Instrument Support Terminal (IST) Software. For the I-SIPS Software, the SDS will produce Level 0, Level 1, and Level 2 data products as well as the associated product quality assessments and descriptive information. For the IST Software, the SDS will accommodate the GLAS instrument support areas of engineering status, command, performance assessment, and instrument health status.

  12. Capability Assessment of Individual Software Development Processes Using Software Repositories and DEA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shen Zhang; Yongji Wang; Ye Yang; Junchao Xiao

    2008-01-01

    Effective capability assessment of individual software processes is a key issue involved in validating the past and adjusting\\u000a future development processes. While most of the current assessment approaches have been successfully demonstrated in academic\\u000a communities, new challenges in metric data extraction and further analysis still arise when considering actual industrial\\u000a applications. In this paper, we propose a novel integrated method

  13. Asap: a planning tool for agile software development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rasmus Rosenqyist Petersen; Uffe Kock Wiil

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the ASAP planning tool. ASAP uses different hypertext structuring mechanisms to provide support for project planning. The design concepts and prototype features are inspired from previous work on structural computing and spatial hypertext. A use scenario demonstrates the capabilities of the tool to support the Blitz Planning activity from the Crystal Clear agile software development methodology. Future

  14. NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fishler, B

    2011-03-18

    Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

  15. Spacecraft Trajectory Analysis and Mission Planning Simulation (STAMPS) Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Puckett, Nancy; Pettinger, Kris; Hallstrom,John; Brownfield, Dana; Blinn, Eric; Williams, Frank; Wiuff, Kelli; McCarty, Steve; Ramirez, Daniel; Lamotte, Nicole; Vu, Tuan

    2014-01-01

    STAMPS simulates either three- or six-degree-of-freedom cases for all spacecraft flight phases using translated HAL flight software or generic GN&C models. Single or multiple trajectories can be simulated for use in optimization and dispersion analysis. It includes math models for the vehicle and environment, and currently features a "C" version of shuttle onboard flight software. The STAMPS software is used for mission planning and analysis within ascent/descent, rendezvous, proximity operations, and navigation flight design areas.

  16. Planning-Based Control of Software Agents Daniel S. Weld

    E-print Network

    & Engineering University of Washington Box 352350 Seattle, WA 98195-2350 weld@cs.washington.edu IntroductionPlanning-Based Control of Software Agents Daniel S. Weld Department of Computer Science in the AI community) that I won't dwell on it fur- ther. Instead, I'll describe some of the software robots

  17. Status of Individuals' Planning to Prepare for Retirement in Turkey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gülay Günay; Özgün Bener

    2008-01-01

    This research was conducted in Ankara province for the purpose of examining the status of planning in preparation for retirement as an individual and as a family of individuals who show differences in educational level. Individuals who lived in Ankara province, who were 3 years from retirement according to age limit, and who had social security from one of the

  18. PCMDI software system: status and future plans report no. 44

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, Dean N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    1997-08-01

    This report describes the current status and future plans of PCMDI`s software products. A complete description of each product is provided, including the product`s problem statement, purpose, requirements, design diagram, current status, future development, developers, contributors, and off-site collaborators. While it is noted that each software product can be executed as an independent process, it is important to discern that all products work together in the complete PCMDI Software Systems: A suite of software tools facilitating for the storage, diagnosis, and visualization of climate data.

  19. Selecting Behavioral Interventions for Individualized Intervention Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center, David B.

    This paper cites ethical provisions and professional standards that affect the selection of behavioral interventions that will benefit exceptional individuals without undermining their dignity. A three-category system that classifies behavioral interventions on the basis of their intrusiveness or restrictiveness is presented. Interventions are…

  20. Modular Operational Test Plans for Inferences on Software Reliability Based on a Markov Model

    E-print Network

    Mazumdar, Mainak

    Modular Operational Test Plans for Inferences on Software Reliability Based on a Markov Model. Keywords: Software reliability; Modular Operational Tests; Sample Size Determination; Mathematical Programming #12;Modular Operational Test Plans for Inferences on Software Reliability Based on a Markov Model

  1. 77 FR 50727 - Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ...Configuration Management Plans for Digital...Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power...Software Configuration Management Plans,'' issued...reliability and design quality in software used in safety systems. In...

  2. SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Rae J. Nims; Kent M. Norris

    2010-02-01

    SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

  3. SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Rae J. Nims

    2009-04-01

    SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

  4. The Individual Development Plan Â? Plotting a Career Trajectory

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Philip Clifford (Medical College of Wisconsin)

    2011-04-13

    This recorded presentation from the EB 2011 Trainee Symposium discusses what an Individual Development Plan (IDP) is, why every trainee should have one, and how trainees can create and utilize their own IDP.

  5. The Individual Development Plan Â? Plotting a Career Trajectory

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Philip Clifford (Medical College of Wisconsin)

    2011-04-13

    This powerpoint presentation file from the EB 2011 Trainee Symposium discusses what an Individual Development Plan (IDP) is, why every trainee should have one, and how trainees can create and utilize their own IDP.

  6. 38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Individualized written rehabilitation plan. 21.84 Section 21.84 ...VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C....

  7. 38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Individualized written rehabilitation plan. 21.84 Section 21.84 ...VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C....

  8. 38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Individualized written rehabilitation plan. 21.84 Section 21.84 ...VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C....

  9. 38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Individualized written rehabilitation plan. 21.84 Section 21.84 ...VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C....

  10. 38 CFR 21.84 - Individualized written rehabilitation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Individualized written rehabilitation plan. 21.84 Section 21.84 ...VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C....

  11. Individualized Language Development Plan From: Liz Tummons, ITAP Coordinator

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Jerry

    your documentation. Good luck! #12;Individual Language Development Plan--Tutorial Summary Instructor and be reassessed successfully, you will need to provide documentation of 45 hours of instruction and 90 hours of homework/individual language production practice. Because communication deficits only improve through time

  12. BISON Software V&V Plan

    SciTech Connect

    R. L. Williamson; J. D. Hales; D. M. Perez; S. R. Novascone; G. Pastore

    2014-07-01

    The primary vision for the BISON development team is to deliver a nuclear fuel performance simulation tool that is used to provide a researcher or fuel designer with best estimate calculations of the highly coupled and nonlinear phenomena that govern nuclear fuel behavior. Accurately simulating nuclear fuel behavior is a challenging computational undertaking and verification and validation (V&V) play an important role in realizing this vision. The purpose of this V&V plan is to express the BISON team’s definition of the terms verification and validation, document what we have done regarding V&V, and outline what we plan to do.

  13. Web Application Software for Ground Operations Planning Database (GOPDb) Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lanham, Clifton; Kallner, Shawn; Gernand, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    A Web application facilitates collaborative development of the ground operations planning document. This will reduce costs and development time for new programs by incorporating the data governance, access control, and revision tracking of the ground operations planning data. Ground Operations Planning requires the creation and maintenance of detailed timelines and documentation. The GOPDb Web application was created using state-of-the-art Web 2.0 technologies, and was deployed as SaaS (Software as a Service), with an emphasis on data governance and security needs. Application access is managed using two-factor authentication, with data write permissions tied to user roles and responsibilities. Multiple instances of the application can be deployed on a Web server to meet the robust needs for multiple, future programs with minimal additional cost. This innovation features high availability and scalability, with no additional software that needs to be bought or installed. For data governance and security (data quality, management, business process management, and risk management for data handling), the software uses NAMS. No local copy/cloning of data is permitted. Data change log/tracking is addressed, as well as collaboration, work flow, and process standardization. The software provides on-line documentation and detailed Web-based help. There are multiple ways that this software can be deployed on a Web server to meet ground operations planning needs for future programs. The software could be used to support commercial crew ground operations planning, as well as commercial payload/satellite ground operations planning. The application source code and database schema are owned by NASA.

  14. Vendor assessment and software plans: Version 2.0

    SciTech Connect

    Preckshot, G.G.; Scott, J.A.

    1995-11-01

    Several previous studies performed for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have focused on characteristics of software development processes that are important for the development of high-integrity software. These include software reliability (NUREG/CR-6101, Lawrence) and software design factors (NUREG/CR-6294, Lawrence and Preckshot and Ploof and Preckshot). Ploof and Preckshot has been included as Appendix B of this report. In addition, recent analyses of standards important to the development of software for the safety systems of nuclear power plants have indicated the importance of the understanding and use of a complete framework of standards in the development of such software (Scott et. al.). Finally, Preckshot (Appendix A) addressed the assessment of software development processes used by software vendors. The latter work defined a set of steps to be followed in conducting vendor assessments. This report relates, in detail, the vendor assessment steps to the planning audits proposed in NUREG/CR-6101. The correspondence of the vendor assessment steps to the design factor categories of NUREG/CR-6294 is also discussed.

  15. Architecture for Payload Planning System (PPS) Software Distribution

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howell, Eric; Hagopian, Jeff

    1995-01-01

    The complex and diverse nature of the pay load operations to be performed on the Space Station requires a robust and flexible planning approach, and the proper software tools which tools to support that approach. To date, the planning software for most manned operations in space has been utilized in a centralized planning environment. Centralized planning is characterized by the following: performed by a small team of people, performed at a single location, and performed using single-user planning systems. This approach, while valid for short duration flights, is not conducive to the long duration and highly distributed payload operations environment of the Space Station. The Payload Planning System (PPS) is being designed specifically to support the planning needs of the large number of geographically distributed users of the Space Station. This paper problem provides a general description of the distributed planning architecture that PPS must support and describes the concepts proposed for making PPS available to the Space Station payload user community.

  16. Hybrid (Ion and Chemical) GEO Stationkeeping Maneuver Planning Software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. K. Skipper; D. Racicot; S. Li; R. Provencher; J. Palimaka

    In the geosynchronous domain, a flight dynamics system is a set of software applications used to support all aspects of satellite operations from injection into transfer orbit, through arrival on station, equatorial or inclined orbit stationkeeping, station relocation and end-of-life disposal. The support provided can be divided into three areas: prediction, orbit (and possibly attitude) estimation, and maneuver planning (and

  17. A simulation framework to support software project (re)planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diana Kirk; Stephen G. Macdonell

    2009-01-01

    Planning and replanning software projects involves selecting activities according to organisational policies, project goals and contexts, deciding how to effect the activities, and dealing with uncertainty in activity outputs. There is at the present time no general model to support project managers with all of these tasks. The contributions of this paper are to propose a set of properties that

  18. Software reuse in spacecraft planning and scheduling systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mclean, David; Tuchman, Alan; Broseghini, Todd; Yen, Wen; Page, Brenda; Johnson, Jay; Bogovich, Lynn; Burkhardt, Chris; Mcintyre, James; Klein, Scott

    1993-01-01

    The use of a software toolkit and development methodology that supports software reuse is described. The toolkit includes source-code-level library modules and stand-alone tools which support such tasks as data reformatting and report generation, simple relational database applications, user interfaces, tactical planning, strategic planning and documentation. The current toolkit is written in C and supports applications that run on IBM-PC's under DOS and UNlX-based workstations under OpenLook and Motif. The toolkit is fully integrated for building scheduling systems that reuse AI knowledge base technology. A typical scheduling scenario and three examples of applications that utilize the reuse toolkit will be briefly described. In addition to the tools themselves, a description of the software evolution and reuse methodology that was used is presented.

  19. Yearly Planning Meetings: Individualized Development Plans Aren't Just More Paperwork.

    PubMed

    Vincent, Ben J; Scholes, Clarissa; Staller, Max V; Wunderlich, Zeba; Estrada, Javier; Park, Jeehae; Bragdon, Meghan D J; Lopez Rivera, Francheska; Biette, Kelly M; DePace, Angela H

    2015-06-01

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) encourages trainees to make Individualized Development Plans to help them prepare for academic and nonacademic careers. We describe our approach to building an Individualized Development Plan, the reasons we find them useful and empowering for both PIs and trainees, and resources to help other labs implement them constructively. PMID:26046646

  20. We live in a software jungle. Software helps run our cars, manage our money, plan our sched-

    E-print Network

    Forrest, Stephanie

    We live in a software jungle. Software helps run our cars, manage our money, plan our sched- ules these connections because of my liberal arts back- ground from St. John's College here in Santa Fe (Bachelor of Arts

  1. 38 CFR 21.6080 - Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan. ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Temporary Program...Recipients Individualized Written Rehabilitation Plan § 21.6080 Requirement...

  2. 38 CFR 21.6080 - Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan. ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Temporary Program...Recipients Individualized Written Rehabilitation Plan § 21.6080 Requirement...

  3. 38 CFR 21.6080 - Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan. ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Temporary Program...Recipients Individualized Written Rehabilitation Plan § 21.6080 Requirement...

  4. 38 CFR 21.6080 - Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan. ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Temporary Program...Recipients Individualized Written Rehabilitation Plan § 21.6080 Requirement...

  5. 38 CFR 21.6080 - Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan. ...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Temporary Program...Recipients Individualized Written Rehabilitation Plan § 21.6080 Requirement...

  6. Optimised layout and roadway support planning with integrated intelligent software

    SciTech Connect

    Kouniali, S.; Josien, J.P. [Institut National de l`Environment Industrial et des Risques (INERIS), Verneuil en Halatte (France); Piguet, J.P. [Ecoles des Mines de Nancy (France)] [and others

    1996-12-01

    Experience with knowledge-based systems for Layout planning and roadway support dimensioning is on hand in European coal mining since 1985. The systems SOUT (Support choice and dimensioning, 1989), SOUT 2, PLANANK (planning of bolt-support), Exos (layout planning diagnosis. 1994), Sout 3 (1995) have been developed in close cooperation by CdF{sup 1}. INERIS{sup 2} , EMN{sup 3} (France) and RAG{sup 4}, DMT{sup 5}, TH - Aachen{sup 6} (Germany); ISLSP (Integrated Software for Layout and support planning) development is in progress (completion scheduled for July 1996). This new software technology in combination with conventional programming systems, numerical models and existing databases turned out to be suited for setting-up an intelligent decision aid for layout and roadway support planning. The system enhances reliability of planning and optimises the safety-to-cost ratio for (1) deformation forecast for roadways in seam and surrounding rocks, consideration of the general position of the roadway in the rock mass (zones of increased pressure, position of operating and mined panels); (2) support dimensioning; (3) yielding arches, rigid arches, porch sets, rigid rings, yielding rings and bolting/shotcreting for drifts; (4) yielding arches, rigid arches and porch sets for roadways in seam; and (5) bolt support for gateroads (assessment of exclusion criteria and calculation of the bolting pattern) bolting of face-end zones (feasibility and safety assessment; stability guarantee).

  7. The Individual Education Plan: A Gendered Assessment Practice?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirsh, Asa

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this study is gendered differences and similarities in the distribution of individual education plan (IEP) targets given to pupils in Swedish schools. IEP writing is seen as part of teachers' formal assessment practice. Through qualitative content analysis of data, two main target types emerged: "learning targets," related to school…

  8. An Optimization Model of CMMI-Based Software Project Risk Response Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chun-guang Pan; Ying-wu Chen

    2006-01-01

    Risk response planning is of importance for software project risk management (SPRM). In CMMI, risk management was in the third capability maturity level, which provides a framework for software project risk identification, assessment, risk planning, risk control. However, the CMMI-based SPRM currently lacks quantitative supporting tools, especially during the process of implementing software project risk planning. In this paper, an

  9. An Optimization Model of CMMI-Based Software Project Risk Response Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chun-guang Pan; Ying-wu Chen

    2005-01-01

    Risk response planning is of importance for software project risk management (SPRM). In CMMI, risk management was in the third capability maturity level, which provides a framework for software project risk identification, assessment, risk planning, risk control. However, the CMMI-based SPRM currently lacks quantitative supporting tools, especially during the process of implementing software project risk planning. In this paper, an

  10. Planning for the V&V of infused software technologies for the Mars Science Laboratory Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feather, Martin S.; Fesq, Lorraine M.; Ingham, Michel D.; Klein, Suzanne L.; Nelson, Stacy D.

    2004-01-01

    NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover mission is planning to make use of advanced software technologies in order to support fulfillment of its ambitious science objectives. The mission plans to adopt the Mission Data System (MDS) as the mission software architecture, and plans to make significant use of on-board autonomous capabilities for the rover software.

  11. The interactive effects of individual learning style, computer software, and teacher involvement on developing typing skill 

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Sarina Renae

    1995-01-01

    This research examines the effects and interactions of an individual's learning style, the type of computer software, and the level of teacher involvement on students learning how to type on a computer keyboard. The research was conducted in the San...

  12. The interactive effects of individual learning style, computer software, and teacher involvement on developing typing skill

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Sarina Renae

    1995-01-01

    This research examines the effects and interactions of an individual's learning style, the type of computer software, and the level of teacher involvement on students learning how to type on a computer keyboard. The research was conducted in the San...

  13. 26 CFR 1.408-8 - Distribution requirements for individual retirement plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Distribution requirements for individual retirement plans. 1.408-8 Section 1.408-8...Pension, Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.408-8 Distribution requirements for individual retirement plans. The following questions and...

  14. LOFA: software for individualized localization of functional MRI activity.

    PubMed

    Gökçay, D; Mohr, C M; Crosson, B; Leonard, C M; Bobholz, J A

    1999-12-01

    Although PET, SPECT, and fMRI studies have led to significant advances in functional mapping of the human brain, precise localization and quantification of activity in individual brains require additional procedures. Difficulties to be addressed by a localization strategy are: resolution of individual anatomic differences, differentiation of functional activity in closely juxtaposed brain regions, and management of multiple intricately shaped 3D anatomic structures. In this paper, we describe a localization tool, LOFA, which addresses these problems by forming ROIs with a user-driven interface. Using LOFA, complex 3D anatomy can be defined through open or closed loops and anatomic landmarks. Resulting partitions can be overlaid on top of each other to form multiple regions of interest (ROIs), and functional activity in these ROIs can be extracted individually, one after the other. LOFA introduces important paradigmatic advances over the other ROI analysis methods. The toolbox is interactive, fully compatible with AFNI (MCW), and requires Pv-Wave (VNI Inc.) license to run. PMID:10600420

  15. 26 CFR 1.401(e)-1 - Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. 1...Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. (a...Introduction and organization of regulations. Certain self-employed individuals...

  16. 26 CFR 1.401(e)-1 - Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. 1...Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. (a...Introduction and organization of regulations. Certain self-employed individuals...

  17. Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan : ASC software quality engineering practices Version 3.0.

    SciTech Connect

    Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Pilch, Martin M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. Quality is defined in the US Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Agency (DOE/NNSA) Quality Criteria, Revision 10 (QC-1) as 'conformance to customer requirements and expectations'. This quality plan defines the SNL ASC Program software quality engineering (SQE) practices and provides a mapping of these practices to the SNL Corporate Process Requirement (CPR) 001.3.6; 'Corporate Software Engineering Excellence'. This plan also identifies ASC management's and the software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals. This SNL ASC Software Quality Plan establishes the signatories commitments to improving software products by applying cost-effective SQE practices. This plan enumerates the SQE practices that comprise the development of SNL ASC's software products and explains the project teams opportunities for tailoring and implementing the practices.

  18. Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software structure: a simulation study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. EVANNO; S. REGNAUT; J. GOUDET

    2005-01-01

    The identification of genetically homogeneous groups of individuals is a long standing issue in population genetics. A recent Bayesian algorithm implemented in the software STRUCTURE allows the identification of such groups. However, the ability of this algorithm to detect the true number of clusters ( K ) in a sample of individuals when patterns of dispersal among populations are not

  19. Software verification and validation plan for the GWSCREEN code

    SciTech Connect

    Rood, A.S.

    1993-05-01

    The purpose of this Software Verification and Validation Plan (SVVP) is to prescribe steps necessary to verify and validate the GWSCREEN code, version 2.0 to Quality Level B standards. GWSCREEN output is to be verified and validated by comparison with hand calculations, and by output from other Quality Level B computer codes. Verification and validation will also entail performing static and dynamic tests on the code using several analysis tools. This approach is consistent with guidance in the ANSI/ANS-10.4-1987, {open_quotes}Guidelines for Verification and Validation of Scientific and Engineering Computer Programs for the Nuclear Industry.{close_quotes}

  20. 20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What...

  1. 20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What...

  2. 20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What...

  3. Individual Planning: An Exploration of the Link between Quality of Plan and Quality of Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Lynn; Beadle-Brown, Julie; Mansell, Jim

    2006-01-01

    Individual plans for people with intellectual disabilities were evaluated for quality and effectiveness in improving quality of life. Quality was assessed by rating whether goals were relevant, observable, age appropriate, necessary, timetabled, developmental, measurable, realistic, assigned to staff and improving at least one of O'Brien's five…

  4. Genetic Programming as Alternative for Predicting Development Effort of Individual Software Projects

    PubMed Central

    Chavoya, Arturo; Lopez-Martin, Cuauhtemoc; Andalon-Garcia, Irma R.; Meda-Campaña, M. E.

    2012-01-01

    Statistical and genetic programming techniques have been used to predict the software development effort of large software projects. In this paper, a genetic programming model was used for predicting the effort required in individually developed projects. Accuracy obtained from a genetic programming model was compared against one generated from the application of a statistical regression model. A sample of 219 projects developed by 71 practitioners was used for generating the two models, whereas another sample of 130 projects developed by 38 practitioners was used for validating them. The models used two kinds of lines of code as well as programming language experience as independent variables. Accuracy results from the model obtained with genetic programming suggest that it could be used to predict the software development effort of individual projects when these projects have been developed in a disciplined manner within a development-controlled environment. PMID:23226305

  5. Software copyright infringements: an exploratory study of the effects of individual and peer beliefs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ibrahim M. Al-Jabri; Abdulla H. Abdul-Gader

    1997-01-01

    Based on the reasoned action and the differential association theories, a model is derived to explore the effects of individual and peer beliefs on software copyright infringements in Saudi Arabia. This study presents empirical evidence about this developing country on the impact of beliefs on behavior regarding ethical issues that can arise as a result of ethical dilemmas, in a

  6. 78 FR 47014 - Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-02

    ...Configuration Management Plans...regulations for quality standards...in safety systems. In particular...50 apply to systems and related quality assurance...elements if those systems include software...Configuration Management Plans...

  7. Least modification principle for case-based reasoning: a software project planning experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jae Kyu Lee; Nobok Lee

    A software project plan is composed of stages of activities and detailed tasks to be performed, and precedence restrictions among them. A project network is very complex and its construction requires a vast amount of field knowledge and experience. To assist the construction of a software project network, we adopt the case-based reasoning approach. However, the software project network may

  8. Individualization of piperacillin dosing for critically ill patients: dosing software to optimize antimicrobial therapy.

    PubMed

    Felton, T W; Roberts, J A; Lodise, T P; Van Guilder, M; Boselli, E; Neely, M N; Hope, W W

    2014-07-01

    Piperacillin-tazobactam is frequently used for empirical and targeted therapy of infections in critically ill patients. Considerable pharmacokinetic (PK) variability is observed in critically ill patients. By estimating an individual's PK, dosage optimization Bayesian estimation techniques can be used to calculate the appropriate piperacillin regimen to achieve desired drug exposure targets. The aim of this study was to establish a population PK model for piperacillin in critically ill patients and then analyze the performance of the model in the dose optimization software program BestDose. Linear, with estimated creatinine clearance and weight as covariates, Michaelis-Menten (MM) and parallel linear/MM structural models were fitted to the data from 146 critically ill patients with nosocomial infection. Piperacillin concentrations measured in the first dosing interval, from each of 8 additional individuals, combined with the population model were embedded into the dose optimization software. The impact of the number of observations was assessed. Precision was assessed by (i) the predicted piperacillin dosage and by (ii) linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations from the second 24 h of treatment. We found that a linear clearance model with creatinine clearance and weight as covariates for drug clearance and volume of distribution, respectively, best described the observed data. When there were at least two observed piperacillin concentrations, the dose optimization software predicted a mean piperacillin dosage of 4.02 g in the 8 patients administered piperacillin doses of 4.00 g. Linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations for 8 individuals after 24 h of piperacillin dosing demonstrated an r(2) of >0.89. In conclusion, for most critically ill patients, individualized piperacillin regimens delivering a target serum piperacillin concentration is achievable. Further validation of the dosage optimization software in a clinical trial is required. PMID:24798288

  9. B4-2: Risk Engine Evaluation Software: An Analytics Platform for Individualized Guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Whitlock, Evelyn; Dinh, Tuan

    2014-01-01

    Background/Aims With the recent explosion of medical data, it is necessary to develop software tools to support the process of evidence review and synthesis that is fundamental to Evidence-Based Medicine. Furthermore, as predictive models are being increasingly integrated into clinical decision making and personalized guidelines for individual patients, there is an even greater need for a practical tool that enables development, validation, and uncertainty quantification of models in a robust, automatic and efficient way. Methods We developed Risk Engine Evaluation Software, a software platform that enables users to compare and synthesize evidence from multiple data sources, to build robust and accurate predictive models to estimate and stratify disease risks, to validate risk equations and to quantify the accuracy of a predictive model in different subpopulations. Results We applied the tool to data on cardiovascular outcomes from a large number of trials, observational studies and electronic medical records, including Framingham Heart Study, Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, Cardiovascular Health Study, and ALLHAT. We demonstrated that users can evaluate the performance of predictive models for different subpopulations in real time. Several metrics were used for model evaluation: cumulative incidence, calibration plots, receiver operating curve (ROC) and net reclassification index. The software also allows users to generate and then assess models for risks of MI, stroke or heart failure, for a predefined subpopulation from selected datasets. Conclusions Risk Engine Evaluation Software proves to be a useful tool for advancing the development and application of predictive modeling in medicine.

  10. Software management and implementation plan for the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) carried on a NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shaw, H. Y.; Girard, M. A.; Perun, V. S.; Sherif, J. S.

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a Software Management and Implementation Plan (SIMP) for managing and controlling the development of the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) instrument software, and the Instrument Ground Support Equipment (IGSE) software.

  11. Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan. Part 2, Mappings for the ASC software quality engineering practices. Version 1.0.

    SciTech Connect

    Ellis, Molly A.; Heaphy, Robert; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr.; Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR 1.3.2 and 1.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, 'ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines'. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

  12. Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan. Part 1: ASC software quality engineering practices, Version 2.0.

    SciTech Connect

    Sturtevant, Judith E.; Heaphy, Robert; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr. (,; .); Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

    2006-09-01

    The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR 1.3.2 and 1.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

  13. Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan part 2 mappings for the ASC software quality engineering practices, version 2.0.

    SciTech Connect

    Heaphy, Robert; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr. (,; .); Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

    2006-09-01

    The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR001.3.2 and CPR001.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, ''ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines''. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams' responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

  14. Project W-211, initial tank retrieval systems, retrieval control system software configuration management plan

    SciTech Connect

    RIECK, C.A.

    1999-02-23

    This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) provides the instructions for change control of the W-211 Project, Retrieval Control System (RCS) software after initial approval/release but prior to the transfer of custody to the waste tank operations contractor. This plan applies to the W-211 system software developed by the project, consisting of the computer human-machine interface (HMI) and programmable logic controller (PLC) software source and executable code, for production use by the waste tank operations contractor. The plan encompasses that portion of the W-211 RCS software represented on project-specific AUTOCAD drawings that are released as part of the C1 definitive design package (these drawings are identified on the drawing list associated with each C-1 package), and the associated software code. Implementation of the plan is required for formal acceptance testing and production release. The software configuration management plan does not apply to reports and data generated by the software except where specifically identified. Control of information produced by the software once it has been transferred for operation is the responsibility of the receiving organization.

  15. 20 CFR 663.245 - What is the individual employment plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 663.245 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ADULT AND DISLOCATED...employment plan? The individual employment plan is an ongoing strategy jointly developed by the participant and the case manager...

  16. Flight Software Issues in Onboard Automated Planning: Lessons Learned on EO-1

    E-print Network

    Schaffer, Steven

    1 Flight Software Issues in Onboard Automated Planning: Lessons Learned on EO-1 Daniel Tran, Steve Contact: {firstname.lastname}@jpl.nasa.gov Abstract. Planning and scheduling systems for spacecraft, and onboard planning and scheduling. This paper focuses on the onboard planner and scheduler CASPER, whose

  17. 38 CFR 21.8080 - Requirement for an individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation. 21.8080 Section 21.8080...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam...

  18. 38 CFR 21.8080 - Requirement for an individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation. 21.8080 Section 21.8080...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of...

  19. Software Configuration Management Plan for the B-Plant Canyon Ventilation Control System

    SciTech Connect

    MCDANIEL, K.S.

    1999-08-31

    Project W-059 installed a new B Plant Canyon Ventilation System. Monitoring and control of the system is implemented by the Canyon Ventilation Control System (CVCS). This Software Configuration Management Plan provides instructions for change control of the CVCS.

  20. TuLiP: A Software Toolbox for Receding Horizon Temporal Logic Planning

    E-print Network

    Xu , Huan

    TuLiP: A Software Toolbox for Receding Horizon Temporal Logic Planning Tichakorn Wongpiromsarn}@cds.caltech.edu ABSTRACT This paper describes TuLiP, a Python-based software tool- box for the synthesis of embedded (LTL) specifications. TuLiP combines routines for (1) finite state abstraction of control systems, (2

  1. Individualized Program Planning (IPP): ECS to Grade 12. Programming for Students with Special Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online Submission, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This resource is a revision of the teaching resource Individualized Program Plans (1995), Book 3 (ED392232) in the Programming for Students with Special Needs series. It aims to create a bridge between the product, the process and the underlying vision of Individualized Program Planning (IPP). The Standards for Special Education (Amended June…

  2. Individual Educational Planning System for Adult Students. Model Refinement and Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, J. Dale; And Others

    This report describes a project to adapt and/or develop instruments, techniques, and procedures for establishing an individual educational planning system for adult students at Salt Lake Community High School. Chapter 1 describes procedures to identify and assess existing approaches for developing individual educational plans (IEPs). It critiques…

  3. Software for Project-Based Learning of Robot Motion Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moll, Mark; Bordeaux, Janice; Kavraki, Lydia E.

    2013-01-01

    Motion planning is a core problem in robotics concerned with finding feasible paths for a given robot. Motion planning algorithms perform a search in the high-dimensional continuous space of robot configurations and exemplify many of the core algorithmic concepts of search algorithms and associated data structures. Motion planning algorithms can…

  4. Incorporating cost-benefit analyses into software assurance planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feather, M. S.; Sigal, B.; Cornford, S. L.; Hutchinson, P.

    2001-01-01

    The objective is to use cost-benefit analyses to identify, for a given project, optimal sets of software assurance activities. Towards this end we have incorporated cost-benefit calculations into a risk management framework.

  5. Software Tools to Support Research on Airport Departure Planning

    E-print Network

    Carr, Francis R.

    A simple, portable and useful collection of software tools has been developed for the analysis of airport surface traffic. The tools are based on a flexible and robust traffic-flow model, and include calibration, validation ...

  6. Autoquan 3, version 3.11, MIDAC Corporation Computer Software Test Plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2000-01-01

    This test plan will be performed in conjunction with or prior to HNF-6936, ''HA-53 Supercritical Fluid Extraction System Acceptance Test Plan'', to operate the Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR) and to perform analyses for water. The test will ensure that the software can be installed properly, will operate the FTIR correctly and will generate a text file with analytical data.

  7. AdaNET Dynamic Software Inventory (DSI) prototype component acquisition plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hanley, Lionel

    1989-01-01

    A component acquisition plan contains the information needed to evaluate, select, and acquire software and hardware components necessary for successful completion of the AdaNET Dynamic Software Inventory (DSI) Management System Prototype. This plan will evolve and be applicable to all phases of the DSI prototype development. Resources, budgets, schedules, and organizations related to component acquisition activities are provided. A purpose and description of a software or hardware component which is to be acquired are presented. Since this is a plan for acquisition of all components, this section is not applicable. The procurement activities and events conducted by the acquirer are described and who is responsible is identified, where the activity will be performed, and when the activities will occur for each planned procurement. Acquisition requirements describe the specific requirements and standards to be followed during component acquisition. The activities which will take place during component acquisition are described. A list of abbreviations and acronyms, and a glossary are contained.

  8. Development of a Software Tool to Automate ADCO Flight Controller Console Planning Tasks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anderson, Mark G.

    2011-01-01

    This independent study project covers the development of the International Space Station (ISS) Attitude Determination and Control Officer (ADCO) Planning Exchange APEX Tool. The primary goal of the tool is to streamline existing manual and time-intensive planning tools into a more automated, user-friendly application that interfaces with existing products and allows the ADCO to produce accurate products and timelines more effectively. This paper will survey the current ISS attitude planning process and its associated requirements, goals, documentation and software tools and how a software tool could simplify and automate many of the planning actions which occur at the ADCO console. The project will be covered from inception through the initial prototype delivery in November 2011 and will include development of design requirements and software as well as design verification and testing.

  9. Hyperspectral Soil Mapper (HYSOMA) software interface: Review and future plans

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chabrillat, Sabine; Guillaso, Stephane; Eisele, Andreas; Rogass, Christian

    2014-05-01

    With the upcoming launch of the next generation of hyperspectral satellites that will routinely deliver high spectral resolution images for the entire globe (e.g. EnMAP, HISUI, HyspIRI, HypXIM, PRISMA), an increasing demand for the availability/accessibility of hyperspectral soil products is coming from the geoscience community. Indeed, many robust methods for the prediction of soil properties based on imaging spectroscopy already exist and have been successfully used for a wide range of soil mapping airborne applications. Nevertheless, these methods require expert know-how and fine-tuning, which makes them used sparingly. More developments are needed toward easy-to-access soil toolboxes as a major step toward the operational use of hyperspectral soil products for Earth's surface processes monitoring and modelling, to allow non-experienced users to obtain new information based on non-expensive software packages where repeatability of the results is an important prerequisite. In this frame, based on the EU-FP7 EUFAR (European Facility for Airborne Research) project and EnMAP satellite science program, higher performing soil algorithms were developed at the GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences as demonstrators for end-to-end processing chains with harmonized quality measures. The algorithms were built-in into the HYSOMA (Hyperspectral SOil MApper) software interface, providing an experimental platform for soil mapping applications of hyperspectral imagery that gives the choice of multiple algorithms for each soil parameter. The software interface focuses on fully automatic generation of semi-quantitative soil maps such as soil moisture, soil organic matter, iron oxide, clay content, and carbonate content. Additionally, a field calibration option calculates fully quantitative soil maps provided ground truth soil data are available. Implemented soil algorithms have been tested and validated using extensive in-situ ground truth data sets. The source of the HYSOMA code was developed as standalone IDL software to allow easy implementation in the hyperspectral and non-hyperspectral communities. Indeed, within the hyperspectral community, IDL language is very widely used, and for non-expert users that do not have an ENVI license, such software can be executed as a binary version using the free IDL virtual machine under various operating systems. Based on the growing interest of users in the software interface, the experimental software was adapted for public release version in 2012, and since then ~80 users of hyperspectral soil products downloaded the soil algorithms at www.gfz-potsdam.de/hysoma. The software interface was distributed for free as IDL plug-ins under the IDL-virtual machine. Up-to-now distribution of HYSOMA was based on a close source license model, for non-commercial and educational purposes. Currently, the HYSOMA is being under further development in the context of the EnMAP satellite mission, for extension and implementation in the EnMAP Box as EnSoMAP (EnMAP SOil MAPper). The EnMAP Box is a freely available, platform-independent software distributed under an open source license. In the presentation we will focus on an update of the HYSOMA software interface status and upcoming implementation in the EnMAP Box. Scientific software validation, associated publication record and users responses as well as software management and transition to open source will be discussed.

  10. The individual education plan for gifted and talented students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leif Fearn; Jimmie Jean Owen

    1984-01-01

    Using a specific model of intellectual behavior, the Special Program Responding to Intellectual Needs of Gifted (SPRING) designed an assessment and intervention process similar to that characteristic of current special education programs. Objectives and enabling activities appropriate to individual students were determined and written on the basis of present level of functioning. The project's 3 years of implementation produced change

  11. Archery: A Planning Guide for Group and Individual Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

    This instructor's manual for group or individual instruction in archery includes line drawings as illustrations. The manual advances from facilities to beginning instruction and general instructional practices (safety tips, instructional aids, archery etiquette) to intermediate instruction (discussions of causes of faulty arrow flight, analysis of…

  12. The Teacher's Planning Pak and Guide to Individualized Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forte, Imogene; MacKenzie, Joy

    This book is for both elementary school teachers and students. Suggestions are provided for the teacher on ways to organize time, space, and materials with the emphasis on individualized instruction for the pupils. Materials for the students include activities and small questionnaires structured to reveal to the teacher each child's attitudes,…

  13. Planning for an Individual Water System. Fourth Edition Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, J. Howard, Ed.

    Few investments have as little thought given to planning as the installation of a water-supply system for the home or farm. There are many considerations to be made if an adequate supply of water is to be available for the living and recreational needs of a family or the needs of livestock. This book is designed to instruct the reader on how to…

  14. Using Artificial Intelligence Planning Techniques to Automatically Reconfigure Software Modules

    E-print Network

    Schaffer, Steven

    1 , Tara Estlin 1 , XueMei Wang 3 1 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology Inteligence Group of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The Multimission VICAR Planner (MVP) has been deployed the expense of software construction. 3 This paper describes research conducted by the Jet Propulsion

  15. Individual Education Plan Goals and Services for Adolescents With Autism: Impact of Age and Educational Setting

    E-print Network

    Kurth, Jennifer A.; Mastergeorge, Ann M.

    2010-11-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe the educational programs for adolescents with autism (age 12—16 years) in inclusion and noninclusion settings as reflected in their Individual Education Plan (IEP) goals, services, and curricular adaptations...

  16. Computer software configuration management plan for 200 East/West Liquid Effluent Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Graf, F.A. Jr.

    1995-02-27

    This computer software management configuration plan covers the control of the software for the monitor and control system that operates the Effluent Treatment Facility and its associated truck load in station and some key aspects of the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility that stores condensate to be processed. Also controlled is the Treated Effluent Disposal System`s pumping stations and monitors waste generator flows in this system as well as the Phase Two Effluent Collection System.

  17. Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan. Part 1 : ASC software quality engineering practices version 1.0.

    SciTech Connect

    Minana, Molly A.; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Heaphy, Robert; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr.; Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. Quality is defined in DOE/AL Quality Criteria (QC-1) as conformance to customer requirements and expectations. This quality plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to the SNL Corporate Process Requirements (CPR 1.3.2 and CPR 1.3.6) and the Department of Energy (DOE) document, ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines (GP&G). This quality plan identifies ASC management and software project teams' responsibilities for cost-effective software engineering quality practices. The SNL ASC Software Quality Plan establishes the signatories commitment to improving software products by applying cost-effective software engineering quality practices. This document explains the project teams opportunities for tailoring and implementing the practices; enumerates the practices that compose the development of SNL ASC's software products; and includes a sample assessment checklist that was developed based upon the practices in this document.

  18. Individual Transition Plans: The Teacher's Curriculum Guide for Helping Youth with Special Needs. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wehman, Paul

    This book is a guide to the development of Individual Transition Plans (ITPs) for students with disabilities. It includes 37 sample ITPs for students with a wide variety of disabilities. The first four chapters describe the formatting necessary for designing the transition planning document and then describe each of the 10 goals, which range from…

  19. Facilitating Individual Student Planning with English Learners: An Exploration of Placement Complexities and Counselor Educational Preparation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lachance, Joan Rolston

    2010-01-01

    There is limited literature connecting the field of school counseling and pre-service counseling education programs to the individual student planning process with English learners in high school. This study employed multiple case studies to explore the issues that arise during school counselors' planning sessions with recently arrived English…

  20. Designing Intervention Plans: Bridging the Gap between Individualized Education Programs and Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Lee Ann; Gomez, Caroline; Baird, Samera M.; Keramidas, Cathy L. Galyon

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a seven-step process for designing written intervention plans that help teachers and families bridge the gap between the goals targeted on the IEP (individualized education program) as well as intervention strategies and data collection in the general education classroom. The seven steps to intervention planning are to: (1)…

  1. Software for journey-planning with public transport in Skopje

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Petrovska

    2010-01-01

    The increasing popularity of GPS (Global Positioning System) device has boosted many applications, especially those for GPS information visualization. Information visualization techniques are invaluable tools in numerous applications. The goal of this work is to provide visual access to GPS information through the proposed trip planning web application. The main focus is on visualization, organization, fast retrieval, and effective understanding

  2. An overview of the planned CCAT software system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jenness, Tim; Shepherd, Martin C.; Schaaf, Reinhold; Sayers, Jack; Ossenkopf, Volker; Nikola, Thomas; Marsden, Gaelen; Higgins, Ronan; Edwards, Kevin; Brazier, Adam

    2014-07-01

    CCAT will be a 25m diameter sub-millimeter telescope capable of operating in the 0.2 to 2.1mm wavelength range. It will be located at an altitude of 5600m on Cerro Chajnantor in northern Chile near the ALMA site. The anticipated first generation instruments include large format (60,000) kinetic inductance detector (KID) cameras, a large format heterodyne array and a direct detection multi-object spectrometer. The paper describes the architecture of the CCAT software and the development strategy.

  3. Developing a Functional and Longitudinal Individual Plan. Functional Programming for People with Autism: A Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalrymple, Nancy

    In the education of individuals with autism, it is crucial that programming focuses on developing a repertoire of lifetime skills. Information on an individual's strengths to use in educational planning can be gathered from standardized instruments, from observation in natural settings, and from interviews. It should be kept in mind that the…

  4. Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    SciTech Connect

    Carl Wharton; Kent Norris

    2010-03-01

    This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  5. Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    SciTech Connect

    Carl Wharton; Kent Norris

    2009-12-01

    This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  6. Are Suicide Attempters Wired Differently?: A Comparison With Nonsuicidal Depressed Individuals Using Plan Analysis.

    PubMed

    Brüdern, Juliane; Berger, Thomas; Michel, Konrad; Maillart, Anja Gysin; Held, Isabelle Schmutz; Caspar, Franz

    2015-07-01

    Limited research exists on internal risk processes in suicide attempters and factors that distinguish them from nonsuicidal depressive individuals. In this qualitative study, we investigated Plans, motives, and underlying self-regulatory processes of the two groups and conducted a comparative analysis. We analyzed narrative interviews of 17 suicide attempters and intake interviews of 17 nonsuicidal depressive patients using Plan Analysis. Then, we developed a prototypical Plan structure for both groups. Suicidal behavior serves various Plans found only in suicide attempters. Plans of this group are especially related to social perfectionism and withdrawal to protect their self-esteem. Depressive patients use several interpersonal control and coping strategies, which might help prevent suicidal behavior. The prototypical Plan structure of suicide attempters may be a valuable tool for clinicians to detect critical Plans and motives in their interaction with patients, which are related to suicide risk. PMID:26057773

  7. Impact of computer-based treatment planning software on clinical judgment of dental students for planning prosthodontic rehabilitation

    PubMed Central

    Deshpande, Saee; Chahande, Jayashree

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Successful prosthodontic rehabilitation involves making many interrelated clinical decisions which have an impact on each other. Self-directed computer-based training has been shown to be a very useful tool to develop synthetic and analytical problem-solving skills among students. Thus, a computer-based case study and treatment planning (CSTP) software program was developed which would allow students to work through the process of comprehensive, multidisciplinary treatment planning for patients in a structured and logical manner. The present study was aimed at assessing the effect of this CSTP software on the clinical judgment of dental students while planning prosthodontic rehabilitation and to assess the students’ perceptions about using the program for its intended use. Methods A CSTP software program was developed and validated. The impact of this program on the clinical decision making skills of dental graduates was evaluated by real life patient encounters, using a modified and validated mini-CEX. Students’ perceptions about the program were obtained by a pre-validated feedback questionnaire. Results The faculty assessment scores of clinical judgment improved significantly after the use of this program. The majority of students felt it was an informative, useful, and innovative way of learning and they strongly felt that they had learnt the logical progression of planning, the insight into decision making, and the need for flexibility in treatment planning after using this program. Conclusion CSTP software was well received by the students. There was significant improvement in students’ clinical judgment after using this program. It should thus be envisaged fundamentally as an adjunct to conventional teaching techniques to improve students’ decision making skills and confidence. PMID:25170288

  8. Software Tools to Support Research on Airport Departure Planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carr, Francis; Evans, Antony; Feron, Eric; Clarke, John-Paul

    2003-01-01

    A simple, portable and useful collection of software tools has been developed for the analysis of airport surface traffic. The tools are based on a flexible and robust traffic-flow model, and include calibration, validation and simulation functionality for this model. Several different interfaces have been developed to help promote usage of these tools, including a portable Matlab(TM) implementation of the basic algorithms; a web-based interface which provides online access to automated analyses of airport traffic based on a database of real-world operations data which covers over 250 U.S. airports over a 5-year period; and an interactive simulation-based tool currently in use as part of a college-level educational module. More advanced applications for airport departure traffic include taxi-time prediction and evaluation of "windowing" congestion control.

  9. Leemoo, a Dietary Assessment and Nutritional Planning Software, Using Fuzzy Logic

    PubMed Central

    Ejtahed, Hanieh-Sadat; Sarsharzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi; Mirmiran, Parvin; Asghari, Golaleh; Yuzbashian, Emad; Azizi, Fereidoun

    2013-01-01

    Background: Leemoo is a user-friendly software designed for nutritional planning and dietary assessment applications by cooperation of Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, which uses fuzzy logic for the first time. It provides a range of recommended servings for food groups, which are easier for people to follow. Objectives: The aim of this research was to describe the applications of this newly introduced software. Methods and Materials: Leemoo contains the following databases: food, nutrients, MyPyramid equivalents and physical activity. These databases facilitate diet analysis and planning. The food composition database includes 2920 Iranian food items, with the nutrient composition for up to 64 nutrients. Results: All databases are flexible for updating. The program can calculate the amounts of nutrients and food group intakes and compare these with Dietary Reference Intakes and MyPyramid recommendations. This software has the ability of nutritional planning and estimates normal intake ranges of seven food groups based on person need. Conclusions: This software was envisaged for use by health professionals, researchers and ordinary people and can be recommended for educational purpose and nutrition research in Iran. Future studies must be conducted to evaluate the effects of this software on users’ dietary habits and nutrition knowledge. PMID:24719623

  10. An allotment planning concept and related computer software for planning the fixed satellite service at the 1988 space WARC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, Edward F.; Heyward, Ann O.; Ponchak, Denise S.; Spence, Rodney L.; Whyte, Wayne A., Jr.; Zuzek, John E.

    1987-01-01

    Described is a two-phase approach to allotment planning suitable for use in establishing the fixed satellite service at the 1988 Space World Administrative Radio Conference (ORB-88). The two phases are (1) the identification of predetermined geostationary arc segments common togroups of administrations, and (2) the use of a synthesis program to identify example scenarios of space station placements. The planning approach is described in detail and is related to the objectives of the confernece. Computer software has been developed to implement the concepts, and a complete discussion on the logic and rationale for identifying predetermined arc segments is given. Example scenarios are evaluated to give guidance in the selection of the technical characteristics of space communications systems to be planned. The allotment planning concept described guarantees in practice equitable access to the geostationary orbit, provides flexibility in implementation, and reduces the need for coordination among administrations.

  11. Computer software configuration management plan for the Honeywell modular automation system

    SciTech Connect

    Cunningham, L.T.

    1997-01-20

    This document provides a Computer Software management plan for a new Honeywell Modular Automation System (MAS) being installed in the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). This type of system will be used to control new thermal stabilization furnaces, a vertical denitrator calciner, and a pyrolysis furnace.

  12. A new software for planning and designing of energy storage systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun Xiao; Lin-quan Bai; Cheng-shan Wang; Bo Yu; Li Guo

    2011-01-01

    Optimal configuration of energy storage type and capacity is a difficult problem of planning and designing of Energy Storage System which is constructed for distributed generation. To solve the problem, we develop the software PDESS. The functions of PDESS include data analysis, capacity optimization, structure design and scheme evaluation. Considering the system's economy and technical capabilities, PDESS can evaluate different

  13. Software for Reliability Data Analysis and Test Planning William Q. Meeker

    E-print Network

    Software for Reliability Data Analysis and Test Planning William Q. Meeker Dept. of Statistics Iowa, Experimental Design, Maximum Likelihood, Life Data Analysis, Recurrence Data, Statistical Computing. 1 #12;2 1 analysis Reliability data arise from a number of different sources, including laboratory life tests, field

  14. Java RMI Software Technology for the Payload Planning System of the International Space Station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bryant, Barrett R.

    1999-01-01

    The Payload Planning System is for experiment planning on the International Space Station. The planning process has a number of different aspects which need to be stored in a database which is then used to generate reports on the planning process in a variety of formats. This process is currently structured as a 3-tier client/server software architecture comprised of a Java applet at the front end, a Java server in the middle, and an Oracle database in the third tier. This system presently uses CGI, the Common Gateway Interface, to communicate between the user-interface and server tiers and Active Data Objects (ADO) to communicate between the server and database tiers. This project investigated other methods and tools for performing the communications between the three tiers of the current system so that both the system performance and software development time could be improved. We specifically found that for the hardware and software platforms that PPS is required to run on, the best solution is to use Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI) for communication between the client and server and SQLJ (Structured Query Language for Java) for server interaction with the database. Prototype implementations showed that RMI combined with SQLJ significantly improved performance and also greatly facilitated construction of the communication software.

  15. The Impact of Project Planning Team Experience on Software Project Cost Estimates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Mcdonald

    2005-01-01

    Data from 135 teams that have participated in a software project planning exercise are analyzed to determine the relationship between team experience and each teams estimate of total project cost. The analysis shows that cost estimates are dependent upon two kinds of team experience: (1) the average experience for the members of each team and (2) whether or not any

  16. Software Development Plan for the 241AY and 241-AZ Tank Farm MICON automation system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teats

    1995-01-01

    Project W-030 will install a new tank ventilation system for the aging 241-AY and 241-AZ tank farm facilities. Controls for this system will be provided by a MICON distributed control system. This document defines the plan, deliverables, and schedule to develop software for the control system.

  17. Optimizing the Planning and Executing of Software Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) in Mature Organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher P. Fuhrman; Edgardo Palza; Kim Loan Do

    2004-01-01

    To an organization involved in the construction of mission critical software, the safety and reliability of critical systems including their software is of utmost importance. The use of an independent group to provide verification and validation (IV&V) is intended to improve the quality of the software products. We seek to optimize the planning and execution of IV&V activities upon organizations

  18. NEAMS Software Licensing, Release, and Distribution: Implications for FY2013 Work Package Planning

    SciTech Connect

    Bernholdt, David E [ORNL

    2012-06-01

    The vision of the NEAMS program is to bring truly predictive modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities to the nuclear engineering community in order to enable a new approach to the analysis of nuclear systems. NEAMS anticipates issuing in FY 2018 a full release of its computational 'Fermi Toolkit' aimed at advanced reactor and fuel cycles. The NEAMS toolkit involves extensive software development activities, some of which have already been underway for several years, however, the Advanced Modeling and Simulation Office (AMSO), which sponsors the NEAMS program, has not yet issued any official guidance regarding software licensing, release, and distribution policies. This motivated an FY12 task in the Capability Transfer work package to develop and recommend an appropriate set of policies. The current preliminary report is intended to provide awareness of issues with implications for work package planning for FY13. We anticipate a small amount of effort associated with putting into place formal licenses and contributor agreements for NEAMS software which doesn't already have them. We do not anticipate any additional effort or costs associated with software release procedures or schedules beyond those dictated by the quality expectations for the software. The largest potential costs we anticipate would be associated with the setup and maintenance of shared code repositories for development and early access to NEAMS software products. We also anticipate an opportunity, with modest associated costs, to work with the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) to clarify export control assessment policies for software under development.

  19. As of July 23, 2012 Corporate Liability Plan vs. Individual Liability (Stipend) Plan under Verizon

    E-print Network

    Long Distance Per-Minute International Rates: Discounted per minute voice charges as low as $.49 per minute with no additional monthly fee International Long Distance Value Plan: as low as $.06 per minute Months Can upgrade every 20 Months New Equipment Return Policy Can return wireless equipment purchased

  20. Individual Education Plans in the Republic of Ireland: An Emerging System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Richard; Shevlin, Michael; Winter, Eileen; O'Raw, Paul; Zhao, Yu

    2012-01-01

    The Education for Persons with Special Educational Needs Act in Ireland advocated the development of individual education plans (IEPs). However, this section of the Act has never been fully implemented and there is no obligation upon schools to develop IEPs. Research conducted across the country by Richard Rose and Yu Zhao of the University of…

  1. Individualized Supports for Students with Problem Behaviors. Designing Positive Behavior Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bambara, Linda M.; Kern, Lee

    2004-01-01

    Practical and comprehensive, this book focuses on the nuts and bolts of designing positive behavior support plans for students with such disabilities as mental retardation, autism, learning disabilities, and emotional/behavioral disorders. Strategies are provided for addressing individual behavioral problems at all levels of severity. Filled with…

  2. The influence of sex differences and individual task performance on brain activation during planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Unterrainer; C. C. Ruff; B. Rahm; C. P. Kaller; J. Spreer; R. Schwarzwald; U. Halsband

    2005-01-01

    Several studies have attempted to identify the neuronal basis of sex differences in cognition. However, group differences in cognitive ability rather than genuine neurocognitive differences between the sexes may account for their results. Here, we compare with functional magnetic resonance imaging the relation between gender, individual task performance, and planning-related brain activation. Men and women preselected to display identical performance

  3. Reciprocal Peer Coaching: A Critical Contributor to Implementing Individual Leadership Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldman, Ellen; Wesner, Marilyn; Karnchanomai, Ornpawee

    2013-01-01

    Billions of dollars are spent annually on programs to develop organizational leaders, yet the effectiveness of these programs is poorly understood. Scholars advise that value is enhanced by the development of individual leadership plans at program completion, followed by implementation experience with subsequent coaching and reflection. The…

  4. 25 CFR 26.23 - What is an Individual Self-Sufficiency Plan (ISP)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Applicability § 26.23 What is an Individual Self-Sufficiency Plan (ISP)? (a) An ISP is a document that: (1) Spells out the details necessary for a person to assume a meaningful job (usually within a reasonable period of time);...

  5. 25 CFR 26.23 - What is an Individual Self-Sufficiency Plan (ISP)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Applicability § 26.23 What is an Individual Self-Sufficiency Plan (ISP)? (a) An ISP is a document that: (1) Spells out the details necessary for a person to assume a meaningful job (usually within a reasonable period of time);...

  6. BEGINNINGS: An Interim Individualized Family Service Plan for Use in the Intensive Care Nursery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browne, Joy V.; Langlois, Aimee; Ross, Erin Sandseth; Smith-Sharp, Suzanne

    2001-01-01

    This article describes BEGINNINGS, an interim Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) for use in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). It discusses the rationale that supports the process, the format, and recommendations for its implementation. The program's early intervention services help to identify supports and to facilitate transition to…

  7. SigmaPlot 2000, Version 6.00, SPSS Inc. Computer Software Test Plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2000-01-01

    SigmaPlot is a vendor software product used in conjunction with the supercritical fluid extraction Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (SFE-FTIR) system. This product converts the raw spectral data to useful area numbers. SigmaPlot will be used in conjunction with procedure ZA-565-301, ''Determination of Moisture by Supercritical Fluid Extraction and Infrared Detection.'' This test plan will be performed in conjunction with or

  8. Visualization support for risk-informed decision making when planning and managing software developments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feather, Martin S.; Kiper, James D.; Menzies, Tim

    2005-01-01

    Key decisions are made in the early stages of planning and management of software developments. The information basis for these decisions is often a mix of analogy with past developments, and the best judgments of domain experts. Visualization of this information can support to such decision making by clarifying the status of the information and yielding insights into the ramifications of that information vis-a-vis decision alternatives.

  9. Configuration management plan. System definition and project development. Repository Based Software Engineering (RBSE) program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mckay, Charles

    1991-01-01

    This is the configuration management Plan for the AdaNet Repository Based Software Engineering (RBSE) contract. This document establishes the requirements and activities needed to ensure that the products developed for the AdaNet RBSE contract are accurately identified, that proposed changes to the product are systematically evaluated and controlled, that the status of all change activity is known at all times, and that the product achieves its functional performance requirements and is accurately documented.

  10. 38 CFR 21.8082 - Inability of child to complete individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation or achieve vocational goal. 21...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam...

  11. 38 CFR 21.8072 - Authorizing training, services, and assistance beyond the initial individualized written plan of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation. 21.8072 Section 21.8072...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam...

  12. 38 CFR 21.8082 - Inability of child to complete individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation or achieve vocational goal. 21...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam...

  13. A Full-Featured User Friendly CO{sub 2}-EOR and Sequestration Planning Software

    SciTech Connect

    Savage, Bill

    2013-11-30

    A Full-Featured, User Friendly CO{sub 2}-EOR and Sequestration Planning Software This project addressed the development of an integrated software solution that includes a graphical user interface, numerical simulation, visualization tools and optimization processes for reservoir simulation modeling of CO{sub 2}-EOR. The objective was to assist the industry in the development of domestic energy resources by expanding the application of CO{sub 2}-EOR technologies, and ultimately to maximize the CO{sub 2} sequestration capacity of the U.S. The software resulted in a field-ready application for the industry to address the current CO{sub 2}-EOR technologies. The software has been made available to the public without restrictions and with user friendly operating documentation and tutorials. The software (executable only) can be downloaded from NITEC’s website at www.nitecllc.com. This integrated solution enables the design, optimization and operation of CO{sub 2}-EOR processes for small and mid-sized operators, who currently cannot afford the expensive, time intensive solutions that the major oil companies enjoy. Based on one estimate, small oil fields comprise 30% of the of total economic resource potential for the application of CO{sub 2}-EOR processes in the U.S. This corresponds to 21.7 billion barrels of incremental, technically recoverable oil using the current “best practices”, and 31.9 billion barrels using “next-generation” CO{sub 2}-EOR techniques. The project included a Case Study of a prospective CO{sub 2}-EOR candidate field in Wyoming by a small independent, Linc Energy Petroleum Wyoming, Inc. NITEC LLC has an established track record of developing innovative and user friendly software. The Principle Investigator is an experienced manager and engineer with expertise in software development, numerical techniques, and GUI applications. Unique, presently-proprietary NITEC technologies have been integrated into this application to further its ease of use and technical functionality.

  14. SWEPP Assay System Version 2.0 software test plan and report

    SciTech Connect

    Ferguson, J.J.; Overlin, T.K.

    1996-07-01

    The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Stored Waste Examination Pilot Plant (SWEPP) operations staff use nondestructive analysis methods to characterize the radiological contents of contact- handled waste containers. Containers of waste from Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site and other DOE sites are currently stored at SWEPP. Before these containers can be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), SWEPP must verify compliance with storage, shipping, and disposal requirements. One part of the SWEPP program measures neutron emissions from the containers and estimates the mass of plutonium and other transuranic (TRU) isotopes present. A Passive/Active Neutron (PAN) assay system developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory is used to perform these measurements. A computer program named NEUT2 was used to perform the data acquisition and reduction functions for the neutron measurements. NEUT2 uses the analysis methodology outlined, but no formal documentation exists on the software itself The SWEPP Assay System (SAS) computer program replaced the NEUT2 software. The SAS software was developed using an `object model` approach. The new software incorporates the basic analysis algorithms found in NEUT2. Additional improvements include an improved user interface, the ability to change analysis parameters without having to modify the code, and other features for maintainability. The primary purpose of this test plan and report is to document the test process and to verify that the requirements for the SAS are implemented correctly. This test plan and report satisfies the testing requirements of ASME NQA-1-1994 Supplement 11S-2 for a Quality Level 2 application. The intended audiences for this test plan are the developers and verification and validation analysts for the SAS.

  15. Feasibility and Reproducibility of Left Ventricular Rotation by Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in Elderly Individuals and the Impact of Different Software

    PubMed Central

    Park, Chloe M.; March, Katherine; Williams, Suzanne; Kukadia, Suraj; Ghosh, Arjun K.; Jones, Siana; Tillin, Therese; Chaturvedi, Nish; Hughes, Alun D.

    2013-01-01

    Background Changes in ventricular rotation measured by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) are early indicators of cardiac disease. Data on the clinical feasibility of this important measure are scarce and there is no information on the comparability of different software versions. We assessed the feasibility, reproducibility and within patient temporal variability of 2DSTE in a large community based sample of older adults. We additionally compared 2DSTE results to those generated by 3DSTE. Methods and results 1408 participants underwent transthoracic echocardiography. Using Philips Qlab 8.1 peak LV rotation at either the base or the apex was analysable in 432 (31%) participants. Peak twist measurements were achieved in 274 (20%) participants. 66 participants were randomly selected for the reproducibility study. 20 additional participants had scans 4–6 weeks apart for temporal variability and 3D echocardiography to assess the agreement between 2DSTE and 3DSTE. Reproducibility was evaluated using the intraclass coefficient of correlation (ICC). Better reproducibility for rotation and twist were obtained when measured at the endocardium, and when using more recent software versions, Peak twist and rotation were significantly different using two versions of the same software. Agreement with 3DSTE was better using newer software. Conclusion Feasibility of 2DSTE is low in this cohort of elderly individuals severely limiting its utility in clinical settings. However if high quality images can be acquired assessment of ventricular rotation by 2DSTE is reproducible. Caution should be taken when comparing measurements of ventricular rotation by software from different vendors or different versions of software from the same vendor. PMID:24058652

  16. Using Speech Recognition Software to Increase Writing Fluency for Individuals with Physical Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrett, Jennifer Tumlin; Heller, Kathryn Wolff; Fowler, Linda P.; Alberto, Paul A.; Fredrick, Laura D.; O'Rourke, Colleen M.

    2011-01-01

    Students with physical disabilities often have difficulty with writing fluency, despite the use of various strategies, adaptations, and assistive technology (AT). One possible intervention is the use of speech recognition software, although there is little research on its impact on students with physical disabilities. This study used an…

  17. 26 CFR 1.401(e)-2 - General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...false General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. 1.401...2 General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. (a) “Keogh...Section 1.401(e)-1(a)(1) sets forth other provisions which...

  18. 26 CFR 1.401(e)-2 - General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. 1.401...2 General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. (a) “Keogh...Section 1.401(e)-1(a)(1) sets forth other provisions which...

  19. 26 CFR 1.401(e)-2 - General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. 1.401...2 General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. (a) “Keogh...Section 1.401(e)-1(a)(1) sets forth other provisions which...

  20. 26 CFR 1.401(e)-2 - General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...true General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. 1.401...2 General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. (a) “Keogh...Section 1.401(e)-1(a)(1) sets forth other provisions which...

  1. 26 CFR 1.401(e)-2 - General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...false General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. 1.401...2 General rules relating to plans covering self-employed individuals. (a) “Keogh...Section 1.401(e)-1(a)(1) sets forth other provisions which...

  2. The Development and Use of Individual Learning Plans for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students in Victoria, Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, P. Margaret; Byrnes, Linda J.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the Individual Learning Plans of eighty-eight students who were deaf and hard of hearing attending facilities and schools for the deaf in Victoria Australia. The students' assessment and planning portfolios were scrutinised for evidence of formal and informal assessment used to generate goals for the Individual

  3. Assessing software upgrades, plan properties and patient geometry using intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) complexity metrics

    SciTech Connect

    McGarry, Conor K.; Chinneck, Candice D.; O'Toole, Monica M.; O'Sullivan, Joe M; Prise, Kevin M.; Hounsell, Alan R. [Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Clinical Oncology, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the sensitivity of different metrics to detect differences in complexity of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans following upgrades, changes to planning parameters, and patient geometry. Correlations between complexity metrics are also assessed. Method: A program was developed to calculate a series of metrics used to describe the complexity of IMRT fields using monitor units (MUs) and multileaf collimator files: Modulation index (MI), modulation complexity score (MCS), and plan intensity map variation (PIMV). Each metric, including the MUs, was used to assess changes in beam complexity for six prostate patients, following upgrades in the inverse planning optimization software designed to incorporate direct aperture optimization (DAO). All beams were delivered to a 2D ionization chamber array and compared to those calculated using gamma analysis. Each complexity metric was then calculated for all beams, on a different set of six prostate IMRT patients, to assess differences between plans calculated using different minimum field sizes and different maximum segment numbers. Different geometries, including CShape, prostate, and head and neck phantoms, were also assessed using the metrics. Correlations between complexity metrics were calculated for 20 prostate IMRT patients. Results: MU, MCS, MI, and PIMV could all detect reduced complexity following an upgrade to the optimization leaf sequencer, although only MI and MCS could detect a reduction in complexity when one-step optimization (DAO) was employed rather than two-step optimization. All metrics detected a reduction in complexity when the minimum field size was increased from 1 to 4 cm and all apart from PIMV detected reduced complexity when the number of segments was significantly reduced. All metrics apart from MI showed differences in complexity depending on the treatment site. Significant correlations exist between all metrics apart from MI and PIMV for prostate IMRT patients. Treatment deliverability appeared to be more correlated with MI and MCS than MU or PIMV. Conclusions: The application of complexity metrics in the IMRT treatment planning process has been demonstrated. Complexity of treatment plans can vary for different inverse planning software versions and can depend on planning parameters and the treatment site. MCS is most suitable for inclusion within the cost function to limit complexity in IMRT optimization due to its sensitivity to complexity changes and correlation to treatment deliverability.

  4. [Planning and performance of orthopedic surgery with the help of individual templates].

    PubMed

    Schiffers, N; Schkommodau, E; Portheine, F; Radermacher, K; Staudte, H W

    2000-07-01

    Operational interventions can be planned and simulated accurately with the help of a three-dimensional reconstruction of the anatomical bone structures, created from the tomographic data of a patient. Computer-assisted navigation systems or robotic systems can assist the intraoperative realization of the planned intervention and may support the spatial orientation within the operational field. As an inexpensive alternative without the high excessive technical workload on the physicians or the surgical personnel, individual templates were developed in the Helmholtz Institute Aachen. In this approach the negative three-dimensional bone surface, known exactly from the 3D-reconstruction of the patient's bone by the planning system DISOS, is milled into a small cubic block of polycarbonate. During the intervention, the template serves as a reference for the spatial orientation and as a tool-guide for cutting or milling of the bone according to the previous planning. Clinical and experimental studies have shown that operation times as well as intraoperative X-ray times can be shortened by the use of individual templates, while preserving the task sequence of the conventional operation procedures. PMID:10986708

  5. Numerical arc segmentation algorithm for a radio conference: A software tool for communication satellite systems planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whyte, W. A.; Heyward, A. O.; Ponchak, D. S.; Spence, R. L.; Zuzek, J. E.

    1988-01-01

    The Numerical Arc Segmentation Algorithm for a Radio Conference (NASARC) provides a method of generating predetermined arc segments for use in the development of an allotment planning procedure to be carried out at the 1988 World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC) on the Use of the Geostationary Satellite Orbit and the Planning of Space Services Utilizing It. Through careful selection of the predetermined arc (PDA) for each administration, flexibility can be increased in terms of choice of system technical characteristics and specific orbit location while reducing the need for coordination among administrations. The NASARC software determines pairwise compatibility between all possible service areas at discrete arc locations. NASARC then exhaustively enumerates groups of administrations whose satellites can be closely located in orbit, and finds the arc segment over which each such compatible group exists. From the set of all possible compatible groupings, groups and their associated arc segments are selected using a heuristic procedure such that a PDA is identified for each administration. Various aspects of the NASARC concept and how the software accomplishes specific features of allotment planning are discussed.

  6. Benefits of Matching Domain Structure for Planning Software: The Right Stuff

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Billman, Dorrit Owen; Arsintescu, Lucica; Feary, Michael S.; Lee, Jessica Chia-Rong; Smith, Asha Halima; Tiwary, Rachna

    2011-01-01

    We investigated the role of domain structure in software design. We compared 2 planning applications, for a Mission Control group (International Space Station), and measured users speed and accuracy. Based on our needs analysis, we identified domain structure and used this to develop new prototype software that matched domain structure better than the legacy system. We took a high-fidelity analog of the natural task into the laboratory and found (large) periformance differences, favoring the system that matched domain structure. Our task design enabled us to attribute better periormance to better match of domain structure. We ran through the whole development cycle, in miniature, from needs analysis through design, development, and evaluation. Doing so enabled inferences not just about the particular systems compared, but also provided evidence for the viability of the design process (particularly needs analysis) that we are exploring.

  7. Software Verification and Validation Plan Activities, 2011, Project Number: N6423, SAPHIRE Version 8

    SciTech Connect

    Kurt G. Vedros; Curtis L. Smith

    2011-11-01

    The SV&V Plan experienced changes over the past year to bring it into the operational software life cycle of SAPHIRE 8 and to maintain its sections on design features. Peer review of the SVVP with the former IV&V members identified the need for the operational use of metrics as a tool for quality maintenance and improvement. New tests were added to the SVVP to verify the operation of the new design features incorporated into SAPHIRE 8. Other additions to the SVVP were the addition of software metrics and the PDR and CDR processes. Audit support was provided for the NRC Technical Manager and Project Manager for the NRC OIG Audit performed throughout 2011. The SVVP is considered to be an up to date reference and useful roadmap of verification and validation activities going forward.

  8. Waste Management facilities cost information: System Cost Model Software Quality Assurance Plan. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect

    Peterson, B.L.; Lundeen, A.S.

    1996-02-01

    In May of 1994, Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company (LITCO) in Idaho Falls, Idaho and subcontractors developed the System Cost Model (SCM) application. The SCM estimates life-cycle costs of the entire US Department of Energy (DOE) complex for designing; constructing; operating; and decommissioning treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities for mixed low-level, low-level, transuranic, and mixed transuranic waste. The SCM uses parametric cost functions to estimate life-cycle costs for various treatment, storage, and disposal modules which reflect planned and existing facilities at DOE installations. In addition, SCM can model new facilities based on capacity needs over the program life cycle. The SCM also provides transportation costs for truck and rail, which include transport of contact-handled, remote-handled, and alpha (transuranic) wastes. The user can provide input data (default data is included in the SCM) including the volume and nature of waste to be managed, the time period over which the waste is to be managed, and the configuration of the waste management complex (i.e., where each installation`s generated waste will be treated, stored, and disposed). Then the SCM uses parametric cost equations to estimate the costs of pre-operations (designing), construction costs, operation management, and decommissioning these waste management facilities. For the product to be effective and useful the SCM users must have a high level of confidence in the data generated by the software model. The SCM Software Quality Assurance Plan is part of the overall SCM project management effort to ensure that the SCM is maintained as a quality product and can be relied on to produce viable planning data. This document defines tasks and deliverables to ensure continued product integrity, provide increased confidence in the accuracy of the data generated, and meet the LITCO`s quality standards during the software maintenance phase. 8 refs., 1 tab.

  9. SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar.

    E-print Network

    to the SFU Calendar. 1 FOR STUDENTS APPROVED AS SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJORS BEGINNING FALL 2010 Student Name MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. 2 This graduation plan is a guideline only. Please refer to the SFU calendar for full details. 1. LOWER

  10. SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar.

    E-print Network

    to the SFU Calendar. 1 FOR STUDENTS APPROVED AS SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJORS BEGINNING FALL 2007 Student Name MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. 2 This graduation plan is a guideline only. Please refer to the SFU calendar for full details. 1. LOWER

  11. NOTE: Individual radiation therapy patient whole-body phantoms for peripheral dose evaluations: method and specific software

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alziar, I.; Bonniaud, G.; Couanet, D.; Ruaud, J. B.; Vicente, C.; Giordana, G.; Ben-Harrath, O.; Diaz, J. C.; Grandjean, P.; Kafrouni, H.; Chavaudra, J.; Lefkopoulos, D.; de Vathaire, F.; Diallo, I.

    2009-09-01

    This study presents a method aimed at creating radiotherapy (RT) patient-adjustable whole-body phantoms to permit retrospective and prospective peripheral dose evaluations for enhanced patient radioprotection. Our strategy involves virtual whole-body patient models (WBPM) in different RT treatment positions for both genders and for different age groups. It includes a software tool designed to match the anatomy of the phantoms with the anatomy of the actual patients, based on the quality of patient data available. The procedure for adjusting a WBPM to patient morphology includes typical dimensions available in basic auxological tables for the French population. Adjustment is semi-automatic. Because of the complexity of the human anatomy, skilled personnel are required to validate changes made in the phantom anatomy. This research is part of a global project aimed at proposing appropriate methods and software tools capable of reconstituting the anatomy and dose evaluations in the entire body of RT patients in an adapted treatment planning system (TPS). The graphic user interface is that of a TPS adapted to obtain a comfortable working process. Such WBPM have been used to supplement patient therapy planning images, usually restricted to regions involved in treatment. Here we report, as an example, the case of a patient treated for prostate cancer whose therapy planning images were complemented by an anatomy model. Although present results are preliminary and our research is ongoing, they appear encouraging, since such patient-adjusted phantoms are crucial in the optimization of radiation protection of patients and for follow-up studies.

  12. EB 2011 Trainee Symposium on The Individual Development Plan Â? Plotting a Career Trajectory

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Philip Clifford (Medical College of Wisconsin)

    2011-04-13

    Individual Development Plans (IDPs) provide a planning process that helps identify both career objectives and professional development needs. IDPs have been successfully incorporated into the performance review process by many business organizations. Creation of an IDP can be especially helpful in career planning for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in the sciences. Participants in this workshop will gain an understanding of how to create their own IDPs and will be provided tools and resources to get started. They will begin the process of self-assessment, learn how to effectively explore career options, become familiar with principles for effective goal setting, and discuss how to find and work with mentors to implement their plan. As part of the career exploration process, participants will have the opportunity to get inside information about a wide variety of career fields by meeting in small groups with scientists who work in diverse environments including academic medical centers, major research universities, small liberal arts college, the military, industry, and government.

  13. Individualized margins in 3D conformal radiotherapy planning for lung cancer: analysis of physiological movements and their dosimetric impacts.

    PubMed

    Germain, François; Beaulieu, Luc; Fortin, André

    2008-01-01

    In conformal radiotherapy planning for lung cancer, respiratory movements are not taken into account when a single computed tomography (CT) scan is performed. This study examines tumor movements to design individualized margins to account for these movements and evaluates their dosimetric impacts on planning volume. Fifteen patients undergoing CT-based planning for radical radiotherapy for localized lung cancer formed the study cohort. A reference plan was constructed based on reference gross, clinical, and planning target volumes (rGTV, rCTV, and rPTV, respectively). The reference plans were compared with individualized plans using individualized margins obtained by using 5 serial CT scans to generate individualized target volumes (iGTV, iCTV, and iPTV). Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy was used for plan generation using 6- and 23-MV photon beams. Ten plans for each patient were generated and dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were calculated. Comparisons of volumetric and dosimetric parameters were performed using paired Student t-tests. Relative to the rGTV, the total volume occupied by the superimposed GTVs increased progressively with each additional CT scans. With the use of all 5 scans, the average increase in GTV was 52.1%. For the plans with closest dosimetric coverage, target volume was smaller (iPTV/rPTV ratio 0.808) but lung irradiation was only slightly decreased. Reduction in the proportion of lung tissue that received 20 Gy or more outside the PTV (V20) was observed both for 6-MV plans (-0.73%) and 23-MV plans (-0.65%), with p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, respectively. In conformal RT planning for the treatment of lung cancer, the use of serial CT scans to evaluate respiratory motion and to generate individualized margins to account for these motions produced only a limited lung sparing advantage. PMID:18262123

  14. Individualized Margins in 3D Conformal Radiotherapy Planning for Lung Cancer: Analysis of Physiological Movements and Their Dosimetric Impacts

    SciTech Connect

    Germain, Francois [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Laval University, Quebec (Canada)], E-mail: fgermain@bccancer.bc.ca; Beaulieu, Luc; Fortin, Andre [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Laval University, Quebec (Canada)

    2008-04-01

    In conformal radiotherapy planning for lung cancer, respiratory movements are not taken into account when a single computed tomography (CT) scan is performed. This study examines tumor movements to design individualized margins to account for these movements and evaluates their dosimetric impacts on planning volume. Fifteen patients undergoing CT-based planning for radical radiotherapy for localized lung cancer formed the study cohort. A reference plan was constructed based on reference gross, clinical, and planning target volumes (rGTV, rCTV, and rPTV, respectively). The reference plans were compared with individualized plans using individualized margins obtained by using 5 serial CT scans to generate individualized target volumes (iGTV, iCTV, and iPTV). Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy was used for plan generation using 6- and 23-MV photon beams. Ten plans for each patient were generated and dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were calculated. Comparisons of volumetric and dosimetric parameters were performed using paired Student t-tests. Relative to the rGTV, the total volume occupied by the superimposed GTVs increased progressively with each additional CT scans. With the use of all 5 scans, the average increase in GTV was 52.1%. For the plans with closest dosimetric coverage, target volume was smaller (iPTV/rPTV ratio 0.808) but lung irradiation was only slightly decreased. Reduction in the proportion of lung tissue that received 20 Gy or more outside the PTV (V20) was observed both for 6-MV plans (-0.73%) and 23-MV plans (-0.65%), with p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, respectively. In conformal RT planning for the treatment of lung cancer, the use of serial CT scans to evaluate respiratory motion and to generate individualized margins to account for these motions produced only a limited lung sparing advantage.

  15. Workflow for High-content, Individual Cell Quantification of Fluorescent Markers from Universal Microscope Data, Supported by Open Source Software

    PubMed Central

    Stockwell, Simon R.; Mittnacht, Sibylle

    2014-01-01

    Advances in understanding the control mechanisms governing the behavior of cells in adherent mammalian tissue culture models are becoming increasingly dependent on modes of single-cell analysis. Methods which deliver composite data reflecting the mean values of biomarkers from cell populations risk losing subpopulation dynamics that reflect the heterogeneity of the studied biological system. In keeping with this, traditional approaches are being replaced by, or supported with, more sophisticated forms of cellular assay developed to allow assessment by high-content microscopy. These assays potentially generate large numbers of images of fluorescent biomarkers, which enabled by accompanying proprietary software packages, allows for multi-parametric measurements per cell. However, the relatively high capital costs and overspecialization of many of these devices have prevented their accessibility to many investigators. Described here is a universally applicable workflow for the quantification of multiple fluorescent marker intensities from specific subcellular regions of individual cells suitable for use with images from most fluorescent microscopes. Key to this workflow is the implementation of the freely available Cell Profiler software1 to distinguish individual cells in these images, segment them into defined subcellular regions and deliver fluorescence marker intensity values specific to these regions. The extraction of individual cell intensity values from image data is the central purpose of this workflow and will be illustrated with the analysis of control data from a siRNA screen for G1 checkpoint regulators in adherent human cells. However, the workflow presented here can be applied to analysis of data from other means of cell perturbation (e.g., compound screens) and other forms of fluorescence based cellular markers and thus should be useful for a wide range of laboratories. PMID:25549286

  16. Development and testing of computer software for nursing assessment and care planning at a spinal cord injury center.

    PubMed

    Lloyd, E E; Toth, L L; Rogers, S

    1994-08-01

    This paper describes a pilot project using a Macintosh personal computer and customized software to computerize nursing admission assessment and care planning data. The project setting is a 47-bed Spinal Cord Injury Center with two inpatient units and an outpatient department serving approximately 1,000 patients with spinal cord injury at a Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in northern California. The computer software development, implementation, and evaluation are described. This software (MacNursing) was found to be a low cost, customized approach to computerizing spinal cord injury admission assessment data and care planning which reduces repetitive writing and facilitates continuity of care. Personal computers and this software have provided the mechanism for establishing a spinal cord injury patient database. PMID:7792572

  17. A Service System Planning Model for Individuals With Serious Mental Illness

    PubMed Central

    Kuno, Eri; Koizumi, Naoru; Rothbard, Aileen B.; Greenwald, Joel

    2015-01-01

    An institutional-based care system in mental health has been replaced by a network of community-based services with different levels of structure and support. This poses both an opportunity and a challenge to provide appropriate and effective care to persons with serious mental illnesses. This paper describes a simulation-based approach for mental health system planning, focused on hospital and residential service components that can be used as a decision support tool. A key feature of this approach is the ability to represent the current service configuration of psychiatric care and the client flow pattern within that framework. The strength of the simulation model is to help mental health service managers and planners visualize the interconnected nature of client flow in their mental health system and understand possible impacts of changes in arrival rates, service times, and bed capacity on overall system performance. The planning model will assist state mental health agencies to respond to requirements of the Olmstead decision to ensure that individuals with serious mental illness receive care in the least restrictive setting. Future plans for refining the model and its application to other service systems is discussed. PMID:16193999

  18. VOC-PLAN: Individual Vocational Education Plan (A Quick, Efficient and Creative Way to Generate Vocational I.E.P.s), Users Manual and Preview Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Jim; Seabolt, Pete

    This User's Manual is intended to accompany VOC-PLAN, a computer (Apple) program designed to assist in the preparation of an Individualized Vocational Education Program (IVEP) for handicapped, disadvantaged, or regular vocational secondary and postsecondary students. The program is presented in standard IEP (Individualized Education Program)…

  19. Development and Initial Validation of a Professional Development Intervention to Enhance the Quality of Individualized Family Service Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ridgley, Robyn; Snyder, Patricia A.; McWilliam, R. A.; Davis, Jacqueline E.

    2011-01-01

    We describe a targeted professional development (PD) intervention designed to improve the quality of individualized family service plans (IFSPs) and to support IFSP planning, development, and decision making. The theoretical and empirical foundations for the PD intervention and its key components are reviewed. Building on an established online…

  20. 20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

  1. 20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

  2. Math: Primary and Elementary Levels. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records: Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olinger, Judy, Comp.; Lugo, Alfredo M., Comp.

    Step-by-step directions instruct primary and elementary level resource teachers, classroom teachers, and aides who provide direct instruction to students about how to meet the individual mathematics learning needs of Oregon migrant children (9,797 eligible in 1980-81) through the technique of predrafted Individual Short-term Plan/Records. In this…

  3. Template and instructions for individual study plan This is a template for an individual study plan for doctoral students at the Faculty of

    E-print Network

    licentiate dissertation equivalent to at least: cr Planned extent of the research for licentiate dissertation of at least: cr #12;Approved thesis equivalent to at least: cr Planned extent of the research for doctoral of 120 credits (cr) of which (see the general curriculum): Passed courses of at least: cr Approved

  4. Effectiveness of an impairment-based individualized rehabilitation program using an iPad-based software platform.

    PubMed

    Des Roches, Carrie A; Balachandran, Isabel; Ascenso, Elsa M; Tripodis, Yorghos; Kiran, Swathi

    2014-01-01

    The delivery of tablet-based rehabilitation for individuals with post-stroke aphasia is relatively new, therefore, this study examined the effectiveness of an iPad-based therapy to demonstrate improvement in specific therapy tasks and how the tasks affect overall language and cognitive skills. Fifty-one individuals with aphasia due to a stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) were recruited to use an iPad-based software platform, Constant Therapy, for a 10 week therapy program. Participants were split into an experimental (N = 42) and control (N = 9) group. Both experimental and control participants received a 1 h clinic session with a clinician once a week, the experimental participants additionally practiced the therapy at home. Participants did not differ in the duration of the therapy and both groups of participants showed improvement over time in the tasks used for the therapy. However, experimental participants used the application more often and showed greater changes in accuracy and latency on the tasks than the control participants; experimental participants' severity level at baseline as measured by standardized tests of language and cognitive skills were a factor in improvement on the tasks. Subgroups of task co-improvement appear to occur between different language tasks, between different cognitive tasks, and across both domains. Finally, experimental participants showed more significant and positive changes due to therapy in their standardized tests than control participants. These results provide preliminary evidence for the usefulness of a tablet-based platform to deliver tailored language and cognitive therapy to individuals with aphasia. PMID:25601831

  5. Effectiveness of an impairment-based individualized rehabilitation program using an iPad-based software platform

    PubMed Central

    Des Roches, Carrie A.; Balachandran, Isabel; Ascenso, Elsa M.; Tripodis, Yorghos; Kiran, Swathi

    2015-01-01

    The delivery of tablet-based rehabilitation for individuals with post-stroke aphasia is relatively new, therefore, this study examined the effectiveness of an iPad-based therapy to demonstrate improvement in specific therapy tasks and how the tasks affect overall language and cognitive skills. Fifty-one individuals with aphasia due to a stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) were recruited to use an iPad-based software platform, Constant Therapy, for a 10 week therapy program. Participants were split into an experimental (N = 42) and control (N = 9) group. Both experimental and control participants received a 1 h clinic session with a clinician once a week, the experimental participants additionally practiced the therapy at home. Participants did not differ in the duration of the therapy and both groups of participants showed improvement over time in the tasks used for the therapy. However, experimental participants used the application more often and showed greater changes in accuracy and latency on the tasks than the control participants; experimental participants' severity level at baseline as measured by standardized tests of language and cognitive skills were a factor in improvement on the tasks. Subgroups of task co-improvement appear to occur between different language tasks, between different cognitive tasks, and across both domains. Finally, experimental participants showed more significant and positive changes due to therapy in their standardized tests than control participants. These results provide preliminary evidence for the usefulness of a tablet-based platform to deliver tailored language and cognitive therapy to individuals with aphasia. PMID:25601831

  6. ECL 290 Population Genetic Software Winter 2007 Plan and student assignments as of: 1/21/2007

    E-print Network

    Ernest, Holly

    ECL 290 Population Genetic Software Winter 2007 Plan and student assignments as of: 1/21/2007 Course instructors: Bernie May, Holly Ernest, John Eadie Objectives of course ----learn key genetic data that will be added to our lab web sites Students assigned as their group's contact person (see below) should get

  7. Tech notes: Ongoing or planned hydro research, results of recent studies, and reviews of new books, publications, and software

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    Ongoing or planned hydro research, results of recent studies, and reviews of new books, publications, and software. Items covered this month include: (1) a recommendation that dam designers give more consideration to earthquake resistance, (2) the development of a new wave rotor design, (3) the development of a small hydro database in China, and (4) an ICOLD bulletin on the optimization of constuction costs.

  8. Tech notes: Ongoing or planned hydro research, results of recent studies, and reviews of new books, publications, and software

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    Ongoing or planned hydro research, results of recent studies, and reviews of new books, publications, and software are covered. This month`s Tech Notes include: (1) a study linking development and reservoir silting in El Salvador, (2) publication of a guide for small hydro operatos, and (3) publication of a text outlining the development of hydroelectric power in Russia.

  9. Micros and Secondary Math: Lesson Plans, a Directory of Software for Achieving Educational Objectives and Procedures for Evaluating Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lounge, Joseph P.; And Others

    This book contains three major sections. The first section provides 15 lesson plans for the integration of activities involving computer uses in mathematics instruction. Each lesson plan includes grade level, objective, time, materials, important terms, background, suggestions, and activities. The second section provides a list of available math…

  10. Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    SciTech Connect

    Kent Norris

    2010-03-01

    This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  11. Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    SciTech Connect

    Kent Norris

    2010-02-01

    This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  12. W-026 acceptance test plan plant control system software (submittal {number_sign} 216)

    SciTech Connect

    Watson, T.L., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-02-14

    Acceptance Testing of the WRAP 1 Plant Control System software will be conducted throughout the construction of WRAP 1 with final testing on the glovebox software being completed in December 1996. The software tests will be broken out into five sections; one for each of the four Local Control Units and one for the supervisory software modules. The acceptance test report will contain completed copies of the software tests along with the applicable test log and completed Exception Test Reports.

  13. “It is a good idea, but…” A qualitative study of implementation of ‘Individual Plan’ in Norwegian mental health care

    PubMed Central

    Holum, Lene Chr

    2012-01-01

    Aim of the study The aim of the study is to explore and describe what hampers and promotes the implementation of ‘Individual Plan’—Norway’s answer to integrated care, and to discuss the findings according to implementation theory and research. Background ‘Individual Plan’ is a master-plan intended to increase user-participation and provide better coordination of measures for patients in need of extensive and long-term health-care services. Norwegian Health Authorities used a dissemination strategy to implement ‘Individual Plan’ but managers within health and social care could choose their own way of implementation in their organisation. Methodology Twenty-two managers from different clinics and organisational levels within mental health care were interviewed with an in-depth semi-structured interview about the implementation process in their organisation. The analysis was primarily made according to systematic text condensation. Findings The findings describe different implementation processes and how the managers identified with the usefulness of ‘Individual Plan’ as a tool, choice of practical implementation strategies, the manager’s own role, characteristics of organisational culture as well as how the manager considered external factors such as administration, lack of time and resources. The evolved implementation themes are discussed within a frame of existing knowledge and theory. Conclusion A complex picture of barriers, dilemmas and benefits emerges, both internal and external to an organisation as well as at a personal level that need to be taken into consideration in forthcoming implementation processes to increase the rate of success. PMID:22977428

  14. Seamless transitions from early prototypes to mature operational software - A technology that enables the process for planning and scheduling applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hornstein, Rhoda S.; Wunderlich, Dana A.; Willoughby, John K.

    1992-01-01

    New and innovative software technology is presented that provides a cost effective bridge for smoothly transitioning prototype software, in the field of planning and scheduling, into an operational environment. Specifically, this technology mixes the flexibility and human design efficiency of dynamic data typing with the rigor and run-time efficiencies of static data typing. This new technology provides a very valuable tool for conducting the extensive, up-front system prototyping that leads to specifying the correct system and producing a reliable, efficient version that will be operationally effective and will be accepted by the intended users.

  15. 75 FR 30010 - Improving Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ...to discuss issues related to unit commitment software. The technical conference...Staff Technical Conference on Unit Commitment Software Federal Energy Regulatory...Session A--Unit Commitment Models in ISO Markets Andy...

  16. Doctor, what are my options? A prospective cohort study of an individualized care plan for patients with gastrointestinal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Hird, A.E.; Lemke, M.; Turovsky, M.; Malecki, V.; Kumar, K.; DeAngelis, C.; Chow, E.; Ko, Y.J.

    2015-01-01

    Background For cancer patients, information about their disease and its treatment is often delivered within a short time period, potentially leading to patient misunderstanding, which can impede optimal patient care. In this 3-part clinical study, we investigated the utility of an individualized care plan for patients with gastrointestinal (gi) cancer starting a new treatment. Methods In part 1, a comprehensive literature search identified items for potential inclusion in the care plan. Those items were formatted into a questionnaire. The questionnaire was then administered to patients as a structured interview. In part 2, health care professionals involved in the care of patients with gi cancer evaluated the resulting care plan for content and relevancy. In part 3, a 20-week prospective cohort study (10 weeks using standard of care, 10 weeks using individualized care plans) was conducted. Outcomes were assessed at baseline and at 2–4 weeks after administration of the care plan. Results In part 1, a 73-item questionnaire was developed and completed by 20 patients in semi-structured interviews. In part 2, long and short versions of the care plan were created. Most health care professionals preferred the long version. Based on their comments, a final version of the care plan was created. The part 3 study enrolled 104 patients. Overall satisfaction scores were significantly higher in the intervention group at baseline (p = 0.010) and follow-up (p = 0.005). Compared with control patients, the intervention cohort also reported significantly higher overall quality of life (p = 0.044) and fewer symptoms of anxiety (p = 0.048) at follow-up. Conclusions Provision of an individualized care plan resulted in improvements in outcome measures at both baseline and follow-up. Future studies are needed to confirm these findings. PMID:26089728

  17. Science. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records (Secondary Level): Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Merced, Comp.

    Developed by experienced migrant education teachers incorporating Sight and Sound Program concepts, this volume presents predrafted individual short-term Plan/Records for secondary level chemistry, biology, and physics, plus step-by-step directions for their use by Oregon resource teachers, classroom teachers, and aides. The approach assumes that…

  18. Individual Plans for Children in Transition to Pre-School: A Case Study in One Finnish Day-Care Centre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turunen, Tuija A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper outlines a case study on teachers' and parents' perspectives on children's individual plans in transition from early childhood education to pre-school in Finland. The study was based on the importance of continuity as a part of positive educational transition experiences. The national curricula, educators' interpretations and parents'…

  19. Government. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records (Secondary Level): Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Merced, Comp.

    Developed by experienced migrant education teachers using several Sight and Sound Program concepts, this volume presents 44 predrafted individual short-term Plan/Records for secondary level students in the subject area of government, and step-by-step utilization directions for Oregon resource teachers, secondary classroom teachers, and aides. The…

  20. Personal Finance. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records (Secondary Level): Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Merced, Comp.

    Developed by experienced migrant education teachers incorporating Sight and Sound Program concepts, this volume presents predrafted individual short-term Plan/Records for personal finance for secondary level students, plus step-by-step directions for their use by Oregon resource teachers, classroom teachers, and aides. This approach assumes that…

  1. Career Interventions: Practices and Preferences of Southern New England High School Counselors Supporting Students' Individual Learning Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkerson, Belinda J.

    2010-01-01

    The primary purpose of this research was to examine public high school counselors' career interventions practices and preferences in comprehensive school counseling programs. Secondarily, this study investigated how those career intervention practices support students' Individual Learning Plans (ILPs). The research questions guiding this study…

  2. Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    SciTech Connect

    Kent Norris

    2010-03-01

    The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan is to assess the approach to be taken for intended testing activities. The plan typically identifies the items to be tested, the requirements being tested, the testing to be performed, test schedules, personnel requirements, reporting requirements, evaluation criteria, and any risks requiring contingency planning. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

  3. Stress: How Does It Affect Your Life? Advance Guidance (Individual Quest), Lesson Plan No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kawamata, Pauline

    This lesson plan focuses on the definition, kinds, and causes of stress, and explores some ways of coping with stress. The lesson plan begins with information on the course for which the plan was developed; equipment and audio-visual aids needed; requirements for student materials; course objectives; bibliographic references; and special remarks…

  4. Methadone Maintenance and the Cost and Utilization of Health Care among Individuals Dependent on Opioids in a Commercial Health Plan

    PubMed Central

    McCarty, Dennis; Perrin, Nancy A.; Green, Carla A.; Polen, Michael R.; Leo, Michael C.; Lynch, Frances

    2010-01-01

    Background Few health plans provide maintenance medication for opioid dependence. This study assessed the cost of treating opioid dependent members in a commercial health plan and the impacts of methadone maintenance on costs of care. Methods Individuals with diagnoses of opioid dependence (two or more diagnoses per year) and at least nine months of health plan eligibility each year were extracted from electronic health records for the years 2000 through 2004 (1,518 individuals and 2,523 observations across the study period – some individuals were in multiple years). Analyses examined the patterns and costs of health care for three groups of patients: 1) one or more methadone visits during the year (n = 1,298; 51%); 2) no methadone visits and 0 or 1 visits in the Addiction Medicine Department (n = 370; 15%); and 3) no methadone visits and 2 or more visits in addiction medicine (n = 855; 34%). Results Primary care (86%), emergency department (48%) and inpatient (24%) visits were common. Mean total annual costs to the health plan were $11,200 (2004 dollars) per member per year. The health plan’s costs for members receiving methadone maintenance were 50% lower ($7,163) when compared to those with two or more outpatient addiction treatment visits but no methadone ($14,157) and 62% lower than those with one or zero outpatient addiction treatment visits and no methadone treatment ($18,694). Conclusions Use of opioid maintenance services was associated with lower total costs of care for opioid dependent members in a commercial health plan. PMID:20627427

  5. 45 CFR 261.12 - What is an individual responsibility plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...employment he or she is capable of handling as quickly as possible and to increase over time the responsibility and the amount of work the individual handles; (d) Should describe the services the State will provide the individual to enable...

  6. 29 CFR 2550.404a-3 - Safe harbor for distributions from terminated individual account plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Safe harbor for distributions from terminated individual account...2550.404a-3 Safe harbor for distributions from terminated individual account...1001 et seq. , in connection with a distribution described in paragraph (b) of...

  7. Company's Unusual Plan to Package Commercial Software with Business Textbooks Produces a Measure of Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Beverly T.

    1992-01-01

    Course Technology Inc. has developed 10 products combining textbooks with commercial software for college accounting, business, computer science, and statistics courses. Five of the products use Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet software. The products have been positively received by teachers and students. (DB)

  8. Kid Tools: Self-Management, Problem- Solving, Organizational, and Planning Software for Children and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Kevin J.; Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Koury, Kevin A.; Mitchem, Herine J.; Hollingsead, Candice

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an overview of KidTools, an electronic performance software system designed for elementary and middle school children to use independently on classroom or home computers. The software system contains 30 computerized research-based strategy tools that can be implemented in a classroom or home environment. Through the…

  9. Factors that Influence the Intention to Pirate Software and Media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy Paul Cronan; Sulaiman Al-Rafee

    2008-01-01

    This study focuses on one of the newer forms of software piracy, known as digital piracy, and uses the Theory of Planned Behavior\\u000a (TPB) as a framework to attempt to determine factors that influence digital piracy (the illegal copying\\/downloading of copyrighted\\u000a software and media files). This study examines factors, which could determine an individual’s intention to pirate digital\\u000a material (software,

  10. The Impact of Person Centered Planning on the Content and Organization of Individual Supports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flannery, Brigid; Newton, Stephen; Horner, Robert; Slovic, Roz; Blumberg, Richard; Ard, William K.

    2000-01-01

    This study analyzed the impact that the use of Person Centered Planning (PCP) had with 10 transition-age students receiving special education services. Interviews with students, parents, and educators indicated that PCP training was associated with various indicators of service provision as well as higher satisfaction with the planning process.…

  11. A performance improvement plan to increase nurse adherence to use of medication safety software.

    PubMed

    Gavriloff, Carrie

    2012-08-01

    Nurses can protect patients receiving intravenous (IV) medication by using medication safety software to program "smart" pumps to administer IV medications. After a patient safety event identified inconsistent use of medication safety software by nurses, a performance improvement team implemented the Deming Cycle performance improvement methodology. The combined use of improved direct care nurse communication, programming strategies, staff education, medication safety champions, adherence monitoring, and technology acquisition resulted in a statistically significant (p < .001) increase in nurse adherence to using medication safety software from 28% to above 85%, exceeding national benchmark adherence rates (Cohen, Cooke, Husch & Woodley, 2007; Carefusion, 2011). PMID:22703685

  12. Growth and variability in health plan premiums in the individual insurance market before the Affordable Care Act.

    PubMed

    Gruber, Jonathan

    2014-06-01

    Before we can evaluate the impact of the Affordable Care Act on health insurance premiums in the individual market, it is critical to understand the pricing trends of these premiums before the implementation of the law. Using rates of increase in the individual insurance market collected from state regulators, this issue brief documents trends in premium growth in the pre-ACA period. From 2008 to 2010, premiums grew by 10 percent or more per year. This growth was also highly variable across states, and even more variable across insurance plans within states. The study suggests that evaluating trends in premiums requires looking across a broad array of states and plans, and that policymakers must examine how present and future changes in premium rates compare with the more than 10 percent per year premium increases in the years preceding health reform. PMID:24922979

  13. 25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted improperly in regard to his or her duties...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted...

  14. 25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted improperly in regard to his or her duties...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted...

  15. 25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted improperly in regard to his or her duties...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted...

  16. 25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted improperly in regard to his or her duties...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted...

  17. 25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted improperly in regard to his or her duties...What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has acted...

  18. Six Steps for Planning a Fitness Circuit for Individuals with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hovey, Kate

    2011-01-01

    When teaching individuals with autism it is important to pay particular attention to fitness and movement as these individuals are less likely than typical children to achieve the recommended level physical activity. Common characteristics of autism spectrum disorder can include deficits in communication and social behavior, which may limit…

  19. Outdoor and Adventure Programs: Complementing Individual Education Programs and Treatment Plan Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witman, Jeff; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Model programs are briefly described which use outdoor education to carry out individualized education programs for handicapped students. Sample objectives for individuals and their corresponding activities are listed for such areas as outdoor cookery, wilderness camping, and participation in local outdoor recreational facilities or areas.…

  20. 29 CFR 2578.1 - Termination of abandoned individual account plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...statement that the plan may be terminated and benefits distributed pursuant to 29 CFR 2578...S. Department of Labor's Employee Benefits Security Administration; (vii)...

  1. BioNanomatrix seeks highly innovative and motivated individuals in the fields of software engineering, bioinformatics, cancer genomics,

    E-print Network

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    in the direction of multiple device integration. *Required Education and/or Experience* BS in Computer Science with competitive salary and benefits and the potential for career growth. The following full time software in a team environment Must be able to adhere to deadlines * * #12;*Benefits:* Work on cutting edge

  2. Corganiser: a web-based software tool for planning time-sensitive sampling of whole rounds during scientific drilling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marshall, I. P. G.

    2014-12-01

    Corganiser is a software tool developed to simplify the process of preparing whole-round sampling plans for time-sensitive microbiology and geochemistry sampling during scientific drilling. It was developed during the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 347, but is designed to work with a wide range of core and section configurations and can thus be used in future drilling projects. Corganiser is written in the Python programming language and is implemented both as a graphical web interface and command-line interface. It can be accessed online at http://130.226.247.137/.

  3. Advanced communications technology satellite high burst rate link evaluation terminal power control and rain fade software test plan, version 1.0

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reinhart, Richard C.

    1993-01-01

    The Power Control and Rain Fade Software was developed at the NASA Lewis Research Center to support the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite High Burst Rate Link Evaluation Terminal (ACTS HBR-LET). The HBR-LET is an experimenters terminal to communicate with the ACTS for various experiments by government, university, and industry agencies. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software is one segment of the Control and Performance Monitor (C&PM) Software system of the HBR-LET. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software automatically controls the LET uplink power to compensate for signal fades. Besides power augmentation, the C&PM Software system is also responsible for instrument control during HBR-LET experiments, control of the Intermediate Frequency Switch Matrix on board the ACTS to yield a desired path through the spacecraft payload, and data display. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software User's Guide, Version 1.0 outlines the commands and procedures to install and operate the Power Control and Rain Fade Software. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software Maintenance Manual, Version 1.0 is a programmer's guide to the Power Control and Rain Fade Software. This manual details the current implementation of the software from a technical perspective. Included is an overview of the Power Control and Rain Fade Software, computer algorithms, format representations, and computer hardware configuration. The Power Control and Rain Fade Test Plan provides a step-by-step procedure to verify the operation of the software using a predetermined signal fade event. The Test Plan also provides a means to demonstrate the capability of the software.

  4. Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) program computer software test plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pertzborn

    1997-01-01

    This document provides the information and guidelines necessary to conduct all the required testing of the Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) system. The strategy and essential components for testing the WinCal System Project are described in this test plan. The purpose of this test plan is to provide the customer and performing organizations with specific procedures for testing the specified system's

  5. Developing the Individualized Professional Development Plan. Participant's Guide and Workbook. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portner, Hal

    This workbook presents a process by which teachers and administrators can take responsibility for their own professional development and plan for a particular project in a systematic and thoughtful way. Users will first identify an "area of focus" (job-related project, responsibility, professional interest, or district goal) and then formulate a…

  6. 26 CFR 1.408-7 - Reports on distributions from individual retirement plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Pension, Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.408-7 Reports on distributions...Statement to recipients. (1) Each trustee or issuer required to file Form 1099R or Form W-2P under this section shall...

  7. Diagnostic Procedures and Their Incorporation in the Planning of Individual Remedial Programs. Part I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gloeckler, Theodore L. B.

    This is to be the first of two technical reports sharing the same title. It describes the testing procedures used by the Educational Diagnostic and Planning Center, outlining the manner of data gathering from objective, standardized instruments and other sources. It also describes the collation of data into meaningful descriptive summaries. The…

  8. Teaching land-use planning in a flood prone area with an educational software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Metzger; M. Jaboyedoff

    2009-01-01

    Teaching of flood risk mapping and mitigation is a necessary task in geosciences studies. However, there is often a gap between the theoretical hydraulic notions broached during the courses and the possibility to make use of them in practice by the students during supervised computer lab exercises. This is mainly due because professional models\\/software have a steep learning curve and

  9. A practitioner's guide to light weight software process assessment and improvement planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fredrik Pettersson; Martin Ivarsson; Tony Gorschek; Peter Öhman

    2008-01-01

    Software process improvement (SPI) is challenging, particularly for small and medium sized enterprises. Most existing SPI frame- works are either too expensive to deploy, or do not take an organizations' specific needs into consideration. There is a need for light weight SPI frameworks that enable practitioners to base improvement efforts on the issues that are the most critical for the

  10. Formal Methods Specification and Verification Guidebook for Software and Computer Systems. Volume 1; Planning and Technology Insertion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    The Formal Methods Specification and Verification Guidebook for Software and Computer Systems describes a set of techniques called Formal Methods (FM), and outlines their use in the specification and verification of computer systems and software. Development of increasingly complex systems has created a need for improved specification and verification techniques. NASA's Safety and Mission Quality Office has supported the investigation of techniques such as FM, which are now an accepted method for enhancing the quality of aerospace applications. The guidebook provides information for managers and practitioners who are interested in integrating FM into an existing systems development process. Information includes technical and administrative considerations that must be addressed when establishing the use of FM on a specific project. The guidebook is intended to aid decision makers in the successful application of FM to the development of high-quality systems at reasonable cost. This is the first volume of a planned two-volume set. The current volume focuses on administrative and planning considerations for the successful application of FM.

  11. An Introduction to Individualized Education Program Plans in Pennsylvania: Guidelines for School Age IEP Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Bureau of Special and Compensatory Education.

    Provided are guidelines for the development of individualized education programs (IEPs) for handicapped, gifted, and talented children, designed to comply with the proposed Pennsylvania Special Education Standards. Chapters cover the following topics: instructional components of the IEP (including determination of present educational levels,…

  12. Synthetic plan promoters as a tool for characterizing the function of individual promoter elements

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Short direct-repeat (DR) DNA enhancer elements from plant viral intergenic regions were analyzed for their ability, both individually and in combination, to influence transcription when inserted upstream from a minimal CaMV35S promoter. Synthetic promoters containing multiple copies and/or combinat...

  13. 34 CFR 361.46 - Content of the individualized plan for employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...technology services, and personal assistance services...in the most integrated setting that is appropriate...supported employment setting has been determined to...placement in an integrated setting for the maximum number...individual in terms of the goals, objectives, and...

  14. 34 CFR 361.46 - Content of the individualized plan for employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...technology services, and personal assistance services...in the most integrated setting that is appropriate...supported employment setting has been determined to...placement in an integrated setting for the maximum number...individual in terms of the goals, objectives, and...

  15. 34 CFR 361.45 - Development of the individualized plan for employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...counselor employed by the State unit; (B) A qualified vocational...is not employed by the State unit; or (C) Resources other...eligible individual's financial commitments under an IPE; (B) Information...assistance in completing State unit forms required as part of...

  16. Development of a standardized knowledge base to generate individualized medication plans automatically with drug administration recommendations

    PubMed Central

    Send, Alexander F J; Al-Ayyash, Adel; Schecher, Sabrina; Rudofsky, Gottfried; Klein, Ulrike; Schaier, Matthias; Pruszydlo, Markus G; Witticke, Diana; Lohmann, Kristina; Kaltschmidt, Jens; Haefeli, Walter E; Seidling, Hanna M

    2013-01-01

    Aims We aimed to develop a generic knowledge base with drug administration recommendations which allows the generation of a dynamic and comprehensive medication plan and to evaluate its comprehensibility and potential benefit in a qualitative pilot study with patients and physicians. Methods Based on a literature search and previously published medication plans, a prototype was developed and iteratively refined through qualitative evaluation (interviews with patients and focus group discussions with physicians). To develop the recommendations for safe administration of specific drugs we screened the summary of product characteristics (SmPC) of different exemplary brands, allocated the generated advice to groups with brands potentially requiring the same advice, and reviewed these allocations regarding applicability and appropriateness of the recommendations. Results For the recommendations, 411 SmPCs of 140 different active ingredients including all available galenic formulations, routes of administrations except infusions, and administration devices were screened. Finally, 515 distinct administration recommendations were included in the database. In 926 different generic groups, 29 879 allocations of brands to general advice, food advice, indications, step-by-step instructions, or combinations thereof were made. Thereby, 27 216 of the preselected allocations (91.1%) were confirmed as appropriate. In total, one third of the German drug market was labelled with information. Conclusions Generic grouping of brands according to their active ingredient and other drug characteristics and allocation of standardized administration recommendations is feasible for a large drug market and can be integrated in a medication plan. PMID:24007451

  17. Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) program computer software test plan

    SciTech Connect

    Pertzborn, N.F.

    1997-03-26

    This document provides the information and guidelines necessary to conduct all the required testing of the Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) system. The strategy and essential components for testing the WinCal System Project are described in this test plan. The purpose of this test plan is to provide the customer and performing organizations with specific procedures for testing the specified system's functions.

  18. Planning in stochastic domains for multiple agents with individual continuous resource state-spaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emmanuel Benazera

    2011-01-01

    An approximation method is proposed that solves a class of Decentralized hybrid Markov Decision Processes (DEC-HMDPs). These\\u000a DEC-HMDPs have both discrete and continuous state variables and represent individual agents with continuous measurable state-spaces,\\u000a such as resources. Adding to the natural complexity of decentralized problems, continuous state variables lead to a blowup\\u000a in potential decision points. Representing value functions as Rectangular

  19. Advanced software development workstation: Object-oriented methodologies and applications for flight planning and mission operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Izygon, Michel

    1993-01-01

    The work accomplished during the past nine months in order to help three different organizations involved in Flight Planning and in Mission Operations systems, to transition to Object-Oriented Technology, by adopting one of the currently most widely used Object-Oriented analysis and Design Methodology is summarized.

  20. Photosensitizer dosimetry controlled PDT treatment planning reduces inter-individual variability in response to PDT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Xiaodong; Pogue, Brian W.; Chen, Bin; Demidenko, Eugene; Joshi, Rohan; Hoopes, Jack; Hasan, Tayyaba

    2006-02-01

    Effective Photodynamic therapy (PDT) treatment depends on the amount of active photosensitizer and the delivered light in the targeting tissue. For the same PDT treatment protocol, variation in photosensitizer uptake between animals induces variation in the treatment response between animals. This variation can be compensated via control of delivered light dose through photodynamic dose escalation based on online dosimetry of photosensitizer in the animal. The subcutaneous MAT-LyLu Dunning prostate tumor model was used in this study. Photosensitizer BPD-MA uptake was quantified by multiple fluorescence micro-probe measurements at 3 hours after verteporfin administration. PDT irradiation was carried out after photosensitizer uptake measurement with a total light dose of 75 J/cm2 and a light dose rate of 50 mW/cm2. Therapeutic response of PDT treatments was evaluated by the tumor regrowth assay. Verteporfin uptake varied considerably among tumors (inter-tumor variation 56% standard deviation) and within a tumor (largest intra-tumor variation 64%). An inverse correlation was found between mean photosensitizer intensity and PDT treatment effectiveness (R2 = 37.3%, p < 0.005). In order to compensate individual PDT treatments, photodynamic doses were calculated on an individual animal basis, by matching the light delivered to provide an equal photosensitizer dose multiplied by light dose. This was completed for the lower-quartile, mean and upper-quartile of the photosensitizer distribution. The coefficient of variance in the surviving fraction decreased from 24.9% in non-compensated PDT (NC-PDT) treatments to 16.0%, 14.0% and 15.9% in groups compensated to the lower-quartile (CL-PDT), the median (CM-PDT) and the upper-quartile (CU-PDT), respectively. In terms of treatment efficacy, the CL-PDT group was significantly less effective compared with NC-PDT, CM-PDT and CU-PDT treatments (p < 0.005). No significant difference in effectiveness was observed between NC-PDT, CM-PDT and CU-PDT. The results indicate that by measuring the mean photosensitizer concentration prior to light treatment, and then adjusting the light dose appropriately, a more uniform treatment can be applied to different animals thereby reducing the inter-individual variation in the treatment outcome.

  1. Advanced software development workstation: Effectiveness of constraint-checking. [spaceflight simulation and planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Izygon, Michel

    1992-01-01

    This report summarizes the findings and lessons learned from the development of an intelligent user interface for a space flight planning simulation program, in the specific area related to constraint-checking. The different functionalities of the Graphical User Interface part and of the rule-based part of the system have been identified. Their respective domain of applicability for error prevention and error checking have been specified.

  2. Comparison of the Perspectives of Managers, Employees and Clients Regarding the Individual Barriers of Family Planning Counseling in Healthcare Centers of Isfahan in 2012

    PubMed Central

    Taheri, Safoura; Ehsanpour, Soheila; Kohan, Shahnaze; Farzi, Saba; Jaafarpour, Molouk; Direkvand-Moghaddam, Ashraf

    2014-01-01

    Background: Family planning is a lifestyle that is selected voluntarily and is based on the knowledge, attitude and responsible decision making by couples in order to promote the health and welfare of the family and the advancement of the society. In this regard, family planning counseling plays an important role in making informed decisions if used properly and in a responsible way. Detection of individual barriers in family planning counseling based on the viewpoints of managers, employees and clients who are key participants in the healthcare service provision is a major step towards appropriate planning to modify or eliminate such barriers. Objectives: The present study was conducted with the goal of comparing managers’, employees’ and clients’ viewpoints about individual barriers in family planning counseling in health care centers in Isfahan in 2012. Patients and Methods: This was a cross-sectional one-step three-group comparative descriptive study conducted on 295 subjects including 59 managers, 110 employees and 126 clients in medical health care centers in Isfahan in 2012. The managers and employees were selected by census sampling, and the clients were recruited through convenient random sampling. The data collection tool was a researcher-designed questionnaire, which was designed in two sections of fertility and personal characteristics, and viewpoint measurement. Descriptive and inferential statistical tests were used to analyze the data. Results: The obtained results showed significant differences between mean scores of viewpoints in three groups of managers, employees and clients concerning individual barriers in family planning counseling. In addition, most of the managers, employees and clients reported individual barriers as an intermediate level barrier in the process of family planning counseling. Conclusions: Results indicate that subjects in three studied groups hold different views regarding the individual barriers in family planning counseling. This difference in the perspectives may be a factor that affects the quality of the provided services. Therefore, it is necessary for the healthcare providers to consider the main concerns of their clients regarding family planning. PMID:24829779

  3. Total Cost of Ownership, System Acceptance and Perceived Success of Enterprise Resource Planning Software: Simulating a Dynamic Feedback Perspective of ERP in the Higher Education Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fryling, Meg

    2010-01-01

    Enterprise Research Planning (ERP) software is advertised as the product that will "run the enterprise", improving data access and accuracy as well as enhancing business process efficiency. Unfortunately, organizations often make implementation decisions with little consideration for the maintenance phase of an ERP, resulting in significant…

  4. Is this Training? A Unique Approach to Software Process Training in Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pauling D. Fortin; Christine A. Jeske; John R. Lakey; Kristin B. Urquhart; Anthony Vea

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes our just-in-time approach to software process training. We explain how our project-specific, software-process workshops are custom tailored and conducted for individual software development projects. We also explain why the workshops succeed at assisting projects to define the detailed plans and procedures that form their software process. We conclude by describing how we deal with some of the

  5. Software Verification and Validation Plan Activities, 2011 -- SAPHIRE 8 Quality Assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Kurt G. Vedros; Curtis L. Smith

    2011-09-01

    SV&V Updates through FY11 An official update was released in February 2011. This update was to add a new automated test, to revise the SV&V wording to indicate the operational life cycle that SAPHIRE 8 has entered, and to provide design documentation for Inspection Planning Reports (which evolved into the Plant Risk Information e-Book (PRIB)) and Analysis Speed Improvements. Another update to the SV&V will be released in conjunction with this report in September 2011 to include the following: two new automated tests, the inclusion of metrics into the testing regime and references to the addition of the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review processes.

  6. AngioLab--a software tool for morphological analysis and endovascular treatment planning of intracranial aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Larrabide, Ignacio; Villa-Uriol, Maria-Cruz; Cárdenes, Rubén; Barbarito, Valeria; Carotenuto, Luigi; Geers, Arjan J; Morales, Hernán G; Pozo, José M; Mazzeo, Marco D; Bogunovi?, Hrvoje; Omedas, Pedro; Riccobene, Chiara; Macho, Juan M; Frangi, Alejandro F

    2012-11-01

    Determining whether and how an intracranial aneurysm should be treated is a tough decision that clinicians face everyday. Emerging computational tools could help clinicians analyze clinical data and make these decisions. AngioLab is a single graphical user interface, developed on top of the open source framework GIMIAS, that integrates some of the latest image analysis and computational modeling tools for intracranial aneurysms. Two workflows are available: Advanced Morphological Analysis (AMA) and Endovascular Treatment Planning (ETP). AngioLab has been evaluated by a total of 62 clinicians, who considered the information provided by AngioLab relevant and meaningful. They acknowledged the emerging need of these type of tools and the potential impact they might have on the clinical decision-making process. PMID:22749086

  7. Treatment planning of a skin-sparing conical breast brachytherapy applicator using conventional brachytherapy software

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Yun; Melhus, Christopher S.; Sioshansi, Shirin; Rivard, Mark J.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: AccuBoost is a noninvasive image-guided technique for the delivery of partial breast irradiation to the tumor bed and currently serves as an alternate to conventional electron beam boost. To irradiate the target volume while providing dose sparing to the skin, the round applicator design was augmented through the addition of an internally truncated conical shield and the reduction of the source to skin distance. Methods: Brachytherapy dose distributions for two types of conical applicators were simulated and estimated using Monte Carlo (MC) methods for radiation transport and a conventional treatment planning system (TPS). MC-derived and TPS-generated dose volume histograms (DVHs) and dose distribution data were compared for both the conical and round applicators for benchmarking purposes. Results: Agreement using the gamma-index test was ?99.95% for distance to agreement and dose accuracy criteria of 2 mm and 2%, respectively. After observing good agreement, TPS DVHs and dose distributions for the conical and round applicators were obtained and compared. Brachytherapy dose distributions generated using Pinnacle3 for ten CT data sets showed that the parallel-opposed beams of the conical applicators provided similar PTV coverage to the round applicators and reduced the maximum dose to skin, chest wall, and lung by up to 27%, 42%, and 43%, respectively. Conclusions: Brachytherapy dose distributions for the conical applicators have been generated using MC methods and entered into the Pinnacle3 TPS via the Tufts technique. Treatment planning metrics for the conical AccuBoost applicators were significantly improved in comparison to those for conventional electron beam breast boost. PMID:21520863

  8. Treatment planning of a skin-sparing conical breast brachytherapy applicator using conventional brachytherapy software

    SciTech Connect

    Yang Yun; Melhus, Christopher S.; Sioshansi, Shirin; Rivard, Mark J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111 (United States)

    2011-03-15

    Purpose: AccuBoost is a noninvasive image-guided technique for the delivery of partial breast irradiation to the tumor bed and currently serves as an alternate to conventional electron beam boost. To irradiate the target volume while providing dose sparing to the skin, the round applicator design was augmented through the addition of an internally truncated conical shield and the reduction of the source to skin distance. Methods: Brachytherapy dose distributions for two types of conical applicators were simulated and estimated using Monte Carlo (MC) methods for radiation transport and a conventional treatment planning system (TPS). MC-derived and TPS-generated dose volume histograms (DVHs) and dose distribution data were compared for both the conical and round applicators for benchmarking purposes. Results: Agreement using the gamma-index test was {>=}99.95% for distance to agreement and dose accuracy criteria of 2 mm and 2%, respectively. After observing good agreement, TPS DVHs and dose distributions for the conical and round applicators were obtained and compared. Brachytherapy dose distributions generated using Pinnacle{sup 3} for ten CT data sets showed that the parallel-opposed beams of the conical applicators provided similar PTV coverage to the round applicators and reduced the maximum dose to skin, chest wall, and lung by up to 27%, 42%, and 43%, respectively. Conclusions: Brachytherapy dose distributions for the conical applicators have been generated using MC methods and entered into the Pinnacle{sup 3} TPS via the Tufts technique. Treatment planning metrics for the conical AccuBoost applicators were significantly improved in comparison to those for conventional electron beam breast boost.

  9. Transition Planning & Anticipated Services in the Individualized Education Program (IEP) Process: An Informational Guide for Students, Families, Professionals. [Revised].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Maryland Transition Initiative.

    This booklet, on the transition of Maryland students with disabilities to life after high school, is designed to build informal partnerships for the transition planning process. It provides details about: (1) the goals and components of transition planning; (2) the participants in transition planning; (3) the timing for formal transition planning;…

  10. Planning an Empirical Experiment To Evaluate The Effects Of Pair Work On The Design Phase Of The Software Lifecycle

    E-print Network

    New South Wales, University of

    on the design phase of software development lifecycle. The experiment is designed to investigate the effects will be described. #12;2 Introduction The design and development process in software lifecycle involves of a software system under development such as architectural, logical, structural etc. Those views are used

  11. NASA-evolving to Ada: Five-year plan. A plan for implementing recommendations made by the Ada and software management assessment working group

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    At their March 1988 meeting, members of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Information Resources Management (IRM) Council expressed concern that NASA may not have the infrastructure necessary to support the use of Ada for major NASA software projects. Members also observed that the agency has no coordinated strategy for applying its experiences with Ada to subsequent projects (Hinners, 27 June 1988). To deal with these problems, the IRM Council chair appointed an intercenter Ada and Software Management Assessment Working Group (ASMAWG). They prepared a report (McGarry et al., March 1989) entitled, 'Ada and Software Management in NASA: Findings and Recommendations'. That report presented a series of recommendations intended to enable NASA to develop better software at lower cost through the use of Ada and other state-of-the-art software engineering technologies. The purpose here is to describe the steps (called objectives) by which this goal may be achieved, to identify the NASA officials or organizations responsible for carrying out the steps, and to define a schedule for doing so. This document sets forth four goals: adopt agency-wide software standards and policies; use Ada as the programming language for all mission software; establish an infrastructure to support software engineering, including the use of Ada, and to leverage the agency's software experience; and build the agency's knowledge base in Ada and software engineering. A schedule for achieving the objectives and goals is given.

  12. Software Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeannette M. Wing

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Security vulnerabilities are increasingly due to software. While we focus much of our attention today on code-level vulnerabilities, such as buffer overflows, we should be paying more attention to design-level vulnerabilities.Independently designed and implemented components may individually behave properly, but when put together, unanticipated interactions may occur. An unanticipated interaction between two software components is an opportunity for an

  13. Are Individualized Education Plans a Good Thing? A Survey of Teachers' Perceptions of the Utility of IEPs in Regular Education Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee-Tarver, Aleada

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this survey was to investigate the perceptions of regular education teachers on the utility of individualized education plans (IEPs) for children with disabilities within an inclusive classroom. One hundred and twenty three regular education teachers from Alabama and Georgia were respondents. Twenty-six percent of respondents were…

  14. Quality Practices of Alternative Education Learning Environments as Represented in Virginia's Individual Student Alternative Education Plan (ISAEP) Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feltman, Doris R.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze a prominent alternative education practice in the Commonwealth of Virginia through an analysis of the Virginia Department of Education's Individual Student Alternative Education Plan (ISAEP) program and the alternative education environment it provides. This was a descriptive study using…

  15. 26 CFR 20.2039-1T - Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual retirement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...of a decedent's interest in a plan or IRA will not apply to the estate of any decedent...form of benefit payable under the plan or IRA (including the form of any survivor benefits...of a decedent's interest in a plan or IRA will not apply to the estate of a...

  16. 26 CFR 20.2039-1T - Limitations and repeal of estate tax exclusion for qualified plans and individual retirement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...of a decedent's interest in a plan or IRA will not apply to the estate of any decedent...form of benefit payable under the plan or IRA (including the form of any survivor benefits...of a decedent's interest in a plan or IRA will not apply to the estate of a...

  17. Earth Observing System/Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (EOS/AMSU-A) software management plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schwantje, Robert

    1994-01-01

    This document defines the responsibilites for the management of the like-cycle development of the flight software installed in the AMSU-A instruments, and the ground support software used in the test and integration of the AMSU-A instruments.

  18. Lab 6. Using HMM software. Answers to specific questions are in red, below. See the original lab for details on individual steps.

    E-print Network

    Sjölander, Kimmen

    Lab 6. Using HMM software. Answers to specific questions are in red, below. See the original lab'll need to reformat so you can view it with belvu. 8. Reformat the *mult alignment for belvu prettyalign can view it with belvu) 9. Create an HMM from the reformatted alignment, using the w0.5 software w0

  19. Intention to Work with Individuals with Dual Diagnosis: Testing the Theory of Planned Behavior among Students from Various Professions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werner, Shirli

    2012-01-01

    Providing holistic care to individuals with the dual diagnosis (DD) of intellectual disability and mental illness is a challenging task that requires the work of various health care specialists. The aim of the current study was to examine the intentions of students from various fields to work with individuals with DD. A questionnaire was completed…

  20. Software Engineering School COMSC

    E-print Network

    Martin, Ralph R.

    and practices that are needed to develop software-intensive systems. Students will work on a software management skills and performing key technical tasks in the software development lifecycle. The module for the key stages of the development lifecycle. The individual report will require students to reflect

  1. Software Quality Assurance Plan for GoldSim Models Supporting the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites Performance Assessment Program

    SciTech Connect

    Gregory J. Shott, Vefa Yucel

    2007-01-03

    This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) applies to the development and maintenance of GoldSim models supporting the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) performance assessments (PAs) and composite analyses (CAs). Two PA models have been approved by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) as of November 2006 for the PA maintenance work undertaken by National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec). NNSA/NSO asked NSTec to assume the custodianship of the models for future development and maintenance. The models were initially developed by Neptune and Company (N&C).

  2. Software assurance standard

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    This standard specifies the software assurance program for the provider of software. It also delineates the assurance activities for the provider and the assurance data that are to be furnished by the provider to the acquirer. In any software development effort, the provider is the entity or individual that actually designs, develops, and implements the software product, while the acquirer is the entity or individual who specifies the requirements and accepts the resulting products. This standard specifies at a high level an overall software assurance program for software developed for and by NASA. Assurance includes the disciplines of quality assurance, quality engineering, verification and validation, nonconformance reporting and corrective action, safety assurance, and security assurance. The application of these disciplines during a software development life cycle is called software assurance. Subsequent lower-level standards will specify the specific processes within these disciplines.

  3. Space Station Software Recommendations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Voigt, S. (editor)

    1985-01-01

    Four panels of invited experts and NASA representatives focused on the following topics: software management, software development environment, languages, and software standards. Each panel deliberated in private, held two open sessions with audience participation, and developed recommendations for the NASA Space Station Program. The major thrusts of the recommendations were as follows: (1) The software management plan should establish policies, responsibilities, and decision points for software acquisition; (2) NASA should furnish a uniform modular software support environment and require its use for all space station software acquired (or developed); (3) The language Ada should be selected for space station software, and NASA should begin to address issues related to the effective use of Ada; and (4) The space station software standards should be selected (based upon existing standards where possible), and an organization should be identified to promulgate and enforce them. These and related recommendations are described in detail in the conference proceedings.

  4. Individual Differences in Executive Functioning and Theory of Mind: An Investigation of Inhibitory Control and Planning Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Stephanie M.; Moses, Louis J.; Claxton, Laura J.

    2004-01-01

    This research examined the relative contributions of two aspects of executive function--inhibitory control and planning ability--to theory of mind in 49 3- and 4-year-olds. Children were given two standard theory of mind measures (Appearance-Reality and False Belief), three inhibitory control tasks (Bear/Dragon, Whisper, and Gift Delay), three…

  5. Do the elderly have a voice? Advance care planning discussions with frail and older individuals: a systematic literature review and narrative synthesis

    PubMed Central

    Sharp, Tim; Moran, Emily; Kuhn, Isla; Barclay, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Background Recent years have seen marked improvements in end-of-life care, however concerns have been expressed that services are focused on the needs of patients with cancer. This review focuses on conversations about end-of-life care with frail and older people who have no main overriding diagnosis who are estimated to account for around 40% of deaths. Aim To investigate the attitudes of the public and healthcare professionals to advance care planning discussions with frail and older people. Design and setting Systematic literature review and narrative synthesis. Method Articles that related to frail or older individuals and either advance care plans or discussions on end-of-life care were included. Studies of specific conditions or that focused on prognosis, capacity, or resuscitation decisions were excluded. Results While a significant minority of frail older individuals would find them unwelcome, the majority would appreciate the chance to discuss end-of-life care, yet most do not have this opportunity. Attitudes to the timing of these discussions were variable, but most perceived the risk of leaving them too late. Most doctors believed it was their professional responsibility to initiate discussions, but felt limited by time pressures and the absence of a precipitating event. A wide range of barriers were identified including the reluctance of family members to discuss end-of-life care, the passive expectation that someone else would decide on an individual’s behalf, and significant uncertainty concerning future illness and decline. Conclusion The marked disparity between the majority of older individuals who would like the opportunity to discuss their end-of-life care and the minority that currently have this opportunity raises important questions if the wishes of this large group in society are to be respected. The challenge is to find effective ways of encouraging dialogue and choice within the constraints of the current healthcare systems and personal circumstances. PMID:24152480

  6. An Introduction to Individualized Education Program Plans in Pennsylvania: Guidelines for School Age IEP Development. Revised. January 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Bureau of Special and Compensatory Education.

    The guide, most of which consists of appendixes, forms, and formats, is an introduction to the process of developing individualized education programs (IEPs) for handicapped, gifted, and talented children in the state of Pennsylvania. Instructional components of the IEP are discussed in terms of annual goals, short-term objectives, and determining…

  7. Communication, Control, and Computer Access for Disabled and Elderly Individuals. ResourceBook 3: Software and Hardware. Rehab/Education Technology ResourceBook Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandenburg, Sara A., Ed.; Vanderheiden, Gregg C., Ed.

    One of a series of three resource guides concerned with communication, control, and computer access for the disabled or the elderly, the book focuses on hardware and software. The guide's 13 chapters each cover products with the same primary function. Cross reference indexes allow access to listings of products by function, input/output…

  8. Providers' Perspectives on Provision of Family Planning to HIV-Positive Individuals in HIV Care in Nyanza Province, Kenya

    PubMed Central

    Newmann, Sara J.; Onono, Maricianah; Bukusi, Elizabeth A.; Cohen, Craig R.; Gage, Olivia; Odeny, Rose; Schwartz, Katie D.; Grossman, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To inform an intervention integrating family planning into HIV care, family planning (FP) knowledge, attitudes and practices, and perspectives on integrating FP into HIV care were assessed among healthcare providers in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Methods. Thirty-one mixed-method, structured interviews were conducted among a purposive sample of healthcare workers (HCWs) from 13 government HIV care facilities in Nyanza Province. Structured questions and case scenarios assessed contraceptive knowledge, training, and FP provision experience. Open-ended questions explored perspectives on integration. Data were analyzed descriptively and qualitatively. Results. Of the 31 HCWs interviewed, 45% reported previous FP training. Few providers thought long-acting methods were safe for HIV-positive women (19% viewed depot medroxyprogesterone acetate as safe and 36% viewed implants and intrauterine contraceptives as safe); fewer felt comfortable recommending them to HIV-positive women. Overall, providers supported HIV and family planning integration, yet several potential barriers were identified including misunderstandings about contraceptive safety, gendered power differentials relating to fertility decisions, staff shortages, lack of FP training, and contraceptive shortages. Conclusions. These findings suggest the importance of considering issues such as patient flow, provider burden, commodity supply, gender and cultural issues affecting FP use, and provider training in FP/HIV when designing integrated FP/HIV services in high HIV prevalence areas. PMID:23738058

  9. National PPO Retirees with Medicare Plan Coverage Period: 01/01/2015 12/31/2015 Summary of Benefits and Coverage: What this Plan Covers & What it Costs Coverage for: Individual/Family | Plan Type: PPO

    E-print Network

    1 of 8 National PPO Retirees with Medicare Plan Coverage Period: 01/01/2015 ­ 12/31/2015 Summary for additional information about excluded services. #12;2 of 8 National PPO Retirees with Medicare Plan Coverage

  10. The meaning and significance of clinical group supervision and supervised individually planned nursing care as narrated by nurses on a general team psychiatric ward.

    PubMed

    Berg, A; Hallberg, I R

    2000-09-01

    By interviewing 22 psychiatric nurses, the present study aimed to reveal the meaning and significance of systematic clinical group supervision and supervised individually planned nursing care, using latent content analysis. The interpreted meaning was 'confronting the complexity of ongoing life in daily nursing care' and the interpreted significance was 'strengthening the foundation for nursing care'. Reflection on action and confirmation seemed to be core components in the process of clinical supervision. Focusing on the relational and task aspects in nursing care within a group approach may have contributed to the positive experiences of development that occurred. PMID:11887255

  11. Older people with and without dementia participating in the development of an individual plan with digital calendar and message board

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Torhild Holthe; Ståle Walderhaug

    2010-01-01

    The EU-funded project ‘Middleware Platform for eMPOWERing older people and people with cognitive impairments - MPOWER’ is aimed at developing a technical middleware platform that enables rapid development of flexible, domain-specific applications that can be personalised for individual use. We focused on creating a set of reusable components that can easily be combined in order to provide the most relevant

  12. Secure Software: Current Research

    E-print Network

    Jurjens, Jan

    analysis External review Design Test plans Code Test results Field feedback Risk-based Security tests Static analysis (tools) Risk analysis Penetration testing Security breaks [McGraw 2003] Secure SystemSecure Software: Current Research Jan Jürjens Competence Center for IT Security Software & Systems

  13. Software reuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles W. Krueger

    1992-01-01

    Software reuse is the process of creating software systems from existing software rather than building software systems from scratch. This simple yet powerful vision was introduced in 1968. Software reuse has, however, failed to become a standard software engineering practice. In an attempt to understand why, researchers have renewed their interest in software reuse and in the obstacles to implementing

  14. Active Employees/Retirees w/o Medicare Plan Coverage Period: 01/01/2015 12/31/2015 Summary of Benefits and Coverage: What this Plan Covers & What it Costs Coverage for: Individual/Family | Plan Type: PPO

    E-print Network

    1 of 8 Active Employees/Retirees w/o Medicare Plan Coverage Period: 01/01/2015 ­ 12/31/2015 Summary for additional information about excluded services. #12;2 of 8 Active Employees/Retirees w/o Medicare Plan

  15. The Integration of Software Engineering into a Computer Science Curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas B. Hilburn; Iraj Hirmanpour; Andrew J. Kornecki

    1995-01-01

    This paper discusses ideas and techniques for integrating software engineering concepts and practices into an undergraduate computer science curriculum. Discussion is focused on concepts that are related to the following aspects of software engineering: the need for software engineering, characteristics of good software, the software development process, estimation and planning, working in teams, specification of requirements, software design, and software

  16. Factors motivating people toward pirated software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Kin-wai Lau

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The costs of software piracy are enormous. According to Business Software Alliance, it was estimated that the software industry lost $34 billion globally due to software piracy in 2005. The present study was an exploratory attempt to analyze software piracy at individual level, using a qualitative approach. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A qualitative research study with few, if any, theoretical

  17. Use of CT scans and treatment planning software for validation of the dose component of food irradiation protocols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borsa, Joseph; Chu, Rod; Sun, Jiansheng; Linton, Nick; Hunter, Craig

    2002-03-01

    The challenging problem of estimating the dose delivered to heterogeneous products by radiation modalities of limited penetration can be readily handled by using technologies developed for, and widely used in, radiation therapy applications. In particular, combining CT scanning with radiation treatment planning programs can simulate radiation processing with either photons or electrons, and can provide detailed, high resolution and accurate dose maps for any arbitrary product and package configuration. Such dose maps are an essential part of process validation. Comparison of the simulated dose distributions with measured dose maps verifies the soundness of this approach. The present communication presents results obtained with the simulation technique for a variety of common food items which are likely candidates for radiation processing.

  18. Feature Unweaving: Refactoring Software Requirements Specifications into Software Product Lines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reinhard Stoiber; Samuel Fricker; Michael Jehle; Martin Glinz

    2010-01-01

    The design of the variability of a software product line is crucial to its success and evolution. Meaningful variable features need to be elicited, analyzed, documented and validated when an existing software or reference system evolves into a software product line. These variable features are the main discriminators between individual products and they need to reflect the needs of a

  19. Developmental Training Program: Individual Educational Plan/Individual Transitional Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Service Unit #9, Hastings, NE.

    The curriculum model and implementation procedures outlined in this manual for the Developmental Training Program for students with disabilities are based on two trends: the emphasis upon teaching functional skills in the natural environment and the need for educational programs which demonstrate measurability, reportability, and accountability.…

  20. NASA software documentation standard software engineering program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    The NASA Software Documentation Standard (hereinafter referred to as Standard) can be applied to the documentation of all NASA software. This Standard is limited to documentation format and content requirements. It does not mandate specific management, engineering, or assurance standards or techniques. This Standard defines the format and content of documentation for software acquisition, development, and sustaining engineering. Format requirements address where information shall be recorded and content requirements address what information shall be recorded. This Standard provides a framework to allow consistency of documentation across NASA and visibility into the completeness of project documentation. This basic framework consists of four major sections (or volumes). The Management Plan contains all planning and business aspects of a software project, including engineering and assurance planning. The Product Specification contains all technical engineering information, including software requirements and design. The Assurance and Test Procedures contains all technical assurance information, including Test, Quality Assurance (QA), and Verification and Validation (V&V). The Management, Engineering, and Assurance Reports is the library and/or listing of all project reports.

  1. The Individualized Teacher Improvement Plan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamlin, Erica

    2013-01-01

    This author states her belief that there must be an answer to devising an effective and credible way to link compensation to professional development and improved teaching. Such a model would need to be transparent, equitable, and financially manageable for the school. It would need to marry objectivity with the art of teaching, and have buy-in…

  2. What can I do with a degree in Software Engineering?

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    , and many other areas. Very often software systems have a high degree of complexity, where software systemsWhat can I do with a degree in Software Engineering? ENGINEERING Planning your career Choosing.canterbury.ac.nz/liaison/best_prep.shtml What is Software Engineering? Our society relies in many ways on software or software-based systems

  3. Sandia software guidelines, Volume 4: Configuration management

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. This volume is based on the IEEE standard and guide for software configuration management. The basic concepts and detailed guidance on implementation of these concepts are discussed for several software project types. Example planning documents for both projects and organizations are included.

  4. Performance, fatigue and stress in open-plan offices: the effects of noise and restoration on hearing impaired and normal hearing individuals.

    PubMed

    Jahncke, Helena; Halin, Niklas

    2012-01-01

    Hearing impaired and normal hearing individuals were compared in two within-participant office noise conditions (high noise: 60 L Aeq and low noise: 30 L Aeq ). Performance, subjective fatigue, and physiological stress were tested during working on a simulated open-plan office. We also tested two between-participants restoration conditions following the work period with high noise (nature movie or continued office noise). Participants with a hearing impairment (N = 20) were matched with normal hearing participants (N = 18) and undertook one practice session and two counterbalanced experimental sessions. In each experimental session they worked for two hours with basic memory and attention tasks. We also measured physiological stress indicators (cortisol and catecholamines) and self-reports of mood and fatigue. The hearing impaired participants were more affected by high noise than the normal hearing participants, as shown by impaired performance for tasks that involve recall of semantic information. The hearing impaired participants were also more fatigued by high noise exposure than participants with normal hearing, and they tended to have higher stress hormone levels during the high noise compared to the low noise condition. Restoration with a movie increased performance and motivation for the normal hearing participants, while rest with continued noise did not. For the hearing impaired participants, continued noise during rest increased motivation and performance, while the movie did not. In summary, the impact of noise and restorative conditions varied with the hearing characteristics of the participants. The small sample size does however encourage caution when interpreting the results. PMID:23117542

  5. Software Quality, Software Process,

    E-print Network

    Hamlet, Richard

    de ciencies, can describe the relationship between test measure- ments and product quality;1 Introduction Renewed interest in quality software in the 1990s stems from attention to the development process standards address similar concerns. Schemes like \\total quality management" (TQM) extend to the larger

  6. Modeling software artifact count attribute with s-curves 

    E-print Network

    Ma, Norman K.

    2009-05-15

    The estimation of software project attributes, such as size, is important for software project resource planning and process control. However, research regarding software attribute modeling, such as size, effort, and cost, are high-level and static...

  7. Modeling software artifact count attribute with s-curves 

    E-print Network

    Ma, Norman K

    2008-10-10

    The estimation of software project attributes, such as size, is important for software project resource planning and process control. However, research regarding software attribute modeling, such as size, effort, and cost, are high-level and static...

  8. EQ3/6 software test and verification report 9/94

    SciTech Connect

    Kishi, T.

    1996-02-01

    This document is the Software Test and Verification Report (STVR) for the EQ3/6 suite of codes as stipulated in the Individual Software Plan for Initial Qualification of EQ3/6 (ISP-NF-07, Revision 1, 11/25/92). The software codes, EQPT, EQ3NR, EQ6, and the software library EQLIB constitute the EQ3/6 software package. This software test and verification project for EQ3/6 was started under the requirements of the LLNL Yucca Mountain Project Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP), Revision 0, December 14, 1989, but QP 3.2, Revision 2, June 21, 1994 is now the operative controlling procedure. This is a ``V and V`` report in the language of QP 3.2, Revision 2. Because the author of this report does not have a background in geochemistry, other technical sources were consulted in order to acquire some familiarity with geochemisty, the terminology minology involved, and to review comparable computational methods especially, geochemical aqueous speciation-solubility calculations. The software for the EQ3/6 package consists of approximately 47,000 lines of FORTRAN77 source code and nine on platforms ranging from workstations to supercomputers. The physical control of EQ3/6 software package and documentation is on a SUN SPARC station. Walkthroughs of each principal software packages, EQPT, EQ3NR, and EQ6 were conducted in order to understand the computational procedures involved, to determine any commonality in procedures, and then to establish a plan for the test and verification of EQ3/6. It became evident that all three phases depended upon solving an n x n matrix by the Newton-Raphson Method. Thus, a great deal of emphasis on the test and verification of this procedure was carried out on the first code in the software package EQPT.

  9. Comparison of dose calculations between pencil-beam and Monte Carlo algorithms of the iPlan RT in arc therapy using a homogenous phantom with 3DVH software

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background To create an arc therapy plan, certain current general calculation algorithms such as pencil-beam calculation (PBC) are based on discretizing the continuous arc into multiple fields to simulate an arc. The iPlan RT™ treatment planning system incorporates not only a PBC algorithm, but also a more recent Monte Carlo calculation (MCC) algorithm that does not need beam discretization. The objective of this study is to evaluate the dose differences in a homogenous phantom between PBC and MCC by using a three-dimensional (3D) diode array detector (ArcCHECK™) and 3DVH software. Methods A cylindrically shaped ‘target’ region of interest (ROI) and a ‘periphery ROI’ surrounding the target were designed. An arc therapy plan was created to deliver 600 cGy to the target within a 350° rotation angle, calculated using the PBC and MCC algorithms. The radiation doses were measured by the ArcCHECK, and reproduced by the 3DVH software. Through this process, we could compare the accuracy of both algorithms with regard to the 3D gamma passing rate (for the entire area and for each ROI). Results Comparing the PBC and MCC planned dose distributions directly, the 3D gamma passing rates for the entire area were 97.7% with the gamma 3%/3 mm criterion. Comparing the planned dose to the measured dose, the 3D gamma passing rates were 98.8% under the PBC algorithm and 100% under the MCC algorithm. The difference was statistically significant (p?=?0.034). Furthermore the gamma passing rate decreases 7.5% in the PBC when using the 2%/2 mm criterion compared to only a 0.4% decrease under the MCC. Each ROI as well as the entire area showed statistically significant higher gamma passing rates under the MCC algorithm. The failure points that did not satisfy the gamma criteria showed a regular pattern repeated every 10°. Conclusions MCC showed better accuracy than the PBC of the iPlan RT in calculating the dose distribution in arc therapy, which was validated with the ArcCHECK and the 3DVH software. This may suggest that the arc step of 10° is too large in the PBC algorithm in the iPlan RT. PMID:24305109

  10. Music Sequencing and Printing Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kassner, Kirk

    2000-01-01

    States that sequencing and printing software eliminates the barriers to students composing music. Describes "Master Tracks Pro," a sequencing program, and "Rhapsody," a printing program. Includes a lesson plan for setting pentatonic music to a poem. (CMK)

  11. Software Carpentry: lessons learned.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Greg

    2014-01-01

    Over the last 15 years, Software Carpentry has evolved from a week-long training course at the US National Laboratories into a worldwide volunteer effort to raise standards in scientific computing. This article explains what we have learned along the way, the challenges we now face, and our plans for the future. PMID:24715981

  12. Software Carpentry: lessons learned

    PubMed Central

    Wilson, Greg

    2014-01-01

    Over the last 15 years, Software Carpentry has evolved from a week-long training course at the US National Laboratories into a worldwide volunteer effort to raise standards in scientific computing. This article explains what we have learned along the way, the challenges we now face, and our plans for the future. PMID:24715981

  13. Software Carpentry: Lessons Learned

    E-print Network

    Wilson, Greg

    2013-01-01

    Over the last 15 years, Software Carpentry has evolved from a week-long training course at the US national laboratories into a worldwide volunteer effort to raise standards in scientific computing. This article explains what we have learned along the way the challenges we now face, and our plans for the future.

  14. Software Carpentry: Lessons Learned

    E-print Network

    Greg Wilson

    2014-01-29

    Over the last 15 years, Software Carpentry has evolved from a week-long training course at the US national laboratories into a worldwide volunteer effort to raise standards in scientific computing. This article explains what we have learned along the way the challenges we now face, and our plans for the future.

  15. Situation-Aware Software Engineering for Sensor V. V. Phoha

    E-print Network

    Phoha, Vir V.

    interactions of individual devices is characteristically different from traditional software. In particular software design coordination network for designing and validating dynamic agents that maintain desiredSituation-Aware Software Engineering for Sensor Networks V. V. Phoha Computer Science Louisiana

  16. Managers Handbook for Software Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Agresti, W.; Mcgarry, F.; Card, D.; Page, J.; Church, V.; Werking, R.

    1984-01-01

    Methods and aids for the management of software development projects are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and experiences with flight dynamics software development. The management aspects of organizing the project, producing a development plan, estimation costs, scheduling, staffing, preparing deliverable documents, using management tools, monitoring the project, conducting reviews, auditing, testing, and certifying are described.

  17. Characterizing a software process maturity model for small organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hossein Saiedian; Natsu Carr

    1997-01-01

    Software process refers to the set of tools, methods, and practices used to produce a software artifact. The objective of a software process management model is to produce software artifacts according to plans while simultaneously improving the organization's capability to produce better artifacts. The SEI's Capability Maturity Model (CMM) is a software process management model; it assists organizations to provide

  18. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Richard L., Ed.

    1985-01-01

    Reviews software packages by providing extensive descriptions and discussions of their strengths and weaknesses. Software reviewed include (1) "VISIFROG: Vertebrate Anatomy" (grade seven-adult); (2) "Fraction Bars Computer Program" (grades three to six) and (3) four telecommunications utilities. (JN)

  19. Software visualization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denis Gracanin; Kresimir Matkovic; Mohamed Eltoweissy

    2005-01-01

    The field of software visualization (SV) investigates approaches and techniques for static and dynamic graphical representations of algorithms, programs (code), and processed data. SV is concerned primarily with the analysis of programs and their development. The goal is to improve our understanding of inherently invisible and intangible software, particularly when dealing with large information spaces that characterize domains like software

  20. Software Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary Mcgraw

    2004-01-01

    Software security is the idea of engineering software so that it continues to function correctly under malicious attack. Most technologists acknowledge this undertaking's importance, but they need some help in understanding how to tackle it. The article aims to provide that help by exploring software security best practices. A central and critical aspect of the computer security problem is a

  1. Modernization of software quality assurance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bhaumik, Gokul

    1988-01-01

    The customers satisfaction depends not only on functional performance, it also depends on the quality characteristics of the software products. An examination of this quality aspect of software products will provide a clear, well defined framework for quality assurance functions, which improve the life-cycle activities of software development. Software developers must be aware of the following aspects which have been expressed by many quality experts: quality cannot be added on; the level of quality built into a program is a function of the quality attributes employed during the development process; and finally, quality must be managed. These concepts have guided our development of the following definition for a Software Quality Assurance function: Software Quality Assurance is a formal, planned approach of actions designed to evaluate the degree of an identifiable set of quality attributes present in all software systems and their products. This paper is an explanation of how this definition was developed and how it is used.

  2. Guidelines for Sandia ASCI Verification and Validation Plans - Content and Format: Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect

    TRUCANO,TIMOTHY G.; MOYA,JAIME L.

    1999-12-01

    This report summarizes general guidelines for the development of Verification and Validation (V and V) plans for ASCI code projects at Sandia National Laboratories. The main content categories recommended by these guidelines for explicit treatment in Sandia V and V plans are (1) stockpile drivers influencing the code development project (2) the key phenomena to be modeled by the individual code; (3) software verification strategy and test plan; and (4) code validation strategy and test plans. The authors of this document anticipate that the needed content of the V and V plans for the Sandia ASCI codes will evolve as time passes. These needs will be reflected by future versions of this document.

  3. NASA's Software Safety Standard

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramsay, Christopher M.

    2007-01-01

    NASA relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft launched that does not have a computer on board that will provide command and control services. There have been recent incidents where software has played a role in high-profile mission failures and hazardous incidents. For example, the Mars Orbiter, Mars Polar Lander, the DART (Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology), and MER (Mars Exploration Rover) Spirit anomalies were all caused or contributed to by software. The Mission Control Centers for the Shuttle, ISS, and unmanned programs are highly dependant on software for data displays, analysis, and mission planning. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been little to no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Meanwhile, academia and private industry have been stepping forward with procedures and standards for safety critical systems and software, for example Dr. Nancy Leveson's book Safeware: System Safety and Computers. The NASA Software Safety Standard, originally published in 1997, was widely ignored due to its complexity and poor organization. It also focused on concepts rather than definite procedural requirements organized around a software project lifecycle. Led by NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard has recently undergone a significant update. This new standard provides the procedures and guidelines for evaluating a project for safety criticality and then lays out the minimum project lifecycle requirements to assure the software is created, operated, and maintained in the safest possible manner. This update of the standard clearly delineates the minimum set of software safety requirements for a project without detailing the implementation for those requirements. This allows the projects leeway to meet these requirements in many forms that best suit a particular project's needs and safety risk. In other words, it tells the project what to do, not how to do it. This update also incorporated advances in the state of the practice of software safety from academia and private industry. It addresses some of the more common issues now facing software developers in the NASA environment such as the use of Commercial-Off-the-Shelf Software (COTS), Modified OTS (MOTS), Government OTS (GOTS), and reused software. A team from across NASA developed the update and it has had both NASA-wide internal reviews by software engineering, quality, safety, and project management. It has also had expert external review. This presentation and paper will discuss the new NASA Software Safety Standard, its organization, and key features. It will start with a brief discussion of some NASA mission failures and incidents that had software as one of their root causes. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Safety Process. This will include an overview of the key personnel responsibilities and functions that must be performed for safety-critical software.

  4. MAPPING SOCIAL NETWORK TO SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE TO DETECT STRUCTURE CLASHES IN AGILE SOFTWARE

    E-print Network

    Vellekoop, Michel

    MAPPING SOCIAL NETWORK TO SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE TO DETECT STRUCTURE CLASHES IN AGILE SOFTWARE.vanHillegersberg@utwente.nl Abstract Software development is rarely an individual effort and generally involves teams of developers more pronounced in an Agile Software Development environment and managerial intervention is constantly

  5. Software Design Improvements. Part 1; Software Benefits and Limitations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lalli, Vincent R.; Packard, Michael H.; Ziemianski, Tom

    1997-01-01

    Computer hardware and associated software have been used for many years to process accounting information, to analyze test data and to perform engineering analysis. Now computers and software also control everything from automobiles to washing machines and the number and type of applications are growing at an exponential rate. The size of individual program has shown similar growth. Furthermore, software and hardware are used to monitor and/or control potentially dangerous products and safety-critical systems. These uses include everything from airplanes and braking systems to medical devices and nuclear plants. The question is: how can this hardware and software be made more reliable? Also, how can software quality be improved? What methodology needs to be provided on large and small software products to improve the design and how can software be verified?

  6. Software for timescale applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. T. Wallace

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes some of the design considerations behind the timescale transformation software provided by the International Astronomical Union's SOFA collaboration. The solution adopted by SOFA includes two-part Julian dates, to safeguard precision, and individual treatment of specific transformations, rather than a single general-purpose routine. Correct handling of UTC leap seconds was a particular challenge.

  7. Software for timescale applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wallace, P. T.

    2011-08-01

    This paper describes some of the design considerations behind the timescale transformation software provided by the International Astronomical Union's SOFA collaboration. The solution adopted by SOFA includes two-part Julian dates, to safeguard precision, and individual treatment of specific transformations, rather than a single general-purpose routine. Correct handling of UTC leap seconds was a particular challenge.

  8. Analyzing Software Piracy in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesisko, Lee James

    This study analyzes the controversy of software piracy in education. It begins with a real world scenario that presents the setting and context of the problem. The legalities and background of software piracy are explained and true court cases are briefly examined. Discussion then focuses on explaining why individuals and organizations pirate…

  9. Economics of Open Source Software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justin Pappas Johnson

    2001-01-01

    A simple model of open source software (as typified by the Linux operating system) is presented. Individual user-programmers decide whether to invest their valuable time and eort to develop a software application that will become a public good if so developed. Open source code potentially allows the entire Internet community to use its combined programming knowledge, creativity and expertise. On

  10. Demystifying software What is software?

    E-print Network

    Prodiæ, Aleksandar

    as you think } ECE 468: Computer Security } Hackers? Hackers! } ECE 444/450: Software Engineering } HowDing Yuan Demystifying software #12;What is software? 2 } Anyone? } Computer programs, or the non-tangible parts of computer #12;Myth #1: programming is too hard 3 Too many languages: C, Java, Python

  11. Software Management Environment (SME): Components and algorithms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hendrick, Robert; Kistler, David; Valett, Jon

    1994-01-01

    This document presents the components and algorithms of the Software Management Environment (SME), a management tool developed for the Software Engineering Branch (Code 552) of the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD) of the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The SME provides an integrated set of visually oriented experienced-based tools that can assist software development managers in managing and planning software development projects. This document describes and illustrates the analysis functions that underlie the SME's project monitoring, estimation, and planning tools. 'SME Components and Algorithms' is a companion reference to 'SME Concepts and Architecture' and 'Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) Relationships, Models, and Management Rules.'

  12. Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) : appraisal method for the implementation of the ASC software quality engineering practices: Version 1.0.

    SciTech Connect

    Turgeon, Jennifer; Minana, Molly A.

    2008-02-01

    This document provides a guide to the process of conducting software appraisals under the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) ASC Program. The goal of this document is to describe a common methodology for planning, conducting, and reporting results of software appraisals thereby enabling: development of an objective baseline on implementation of the software quality engineering (SQE) practices identified in the ASC Software Quality Plan across the ASC Program; feedback from project teams on SQE opportunities for improvement; identification of strengths and opportunities for improvement for individual project teams; guidance to the ASC Program on the focus of future SQE activities Document contents include process descriptions, templates to promote consistent conduct of appraisals, and an explanation of the relationship of this procedure to the SNL ASC software program.

  13. SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. Updated: 7/4/13

    E-print Network

    to the SFU Calendar MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. Updated: 7/4/13 2 This graduation plan is a guideline only. Please refer to the SFU calendar for full

  14. Software for the EVLA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Butler, Bryan J.; van Moorsel, Gustaaf; Tody, Doug

    2004-09-01

    The Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) project is the next generation instrument for high resolution long-millimeter to short-meter wavelength radio astronomy. It is currently funded by NSF, with completion scheduled for 2012. The EVLA will upgrade the VLA with new feeds, receivers, data transmission hardware, correlator, and a new software system to enable the instrument to achieve its full potential. This software includes both that required for controlling and monitoring the instrument and that involved with the scientific dataflow. We concentrate here on a portion of the dataflow software, including: proposal preparation, submission, and handling; observation preparation, scheduling, and remote monitoring; data archiving; and data post-processing, including both automated (pipeline) and manual processing. The primary goals of the software are: to maximize the scientific return of the EVLA; provide ease of use, for both novices and experts; exploit commonality amongst all NRAO telescopes where possible. This last point is both a bane and a blessing: we are not at liberty to do whatever we want in the software, but on the other hand we may borrow from other projects (notably ALMA and GBT) where appropriate. The software design methodology includes detailed initial use-cases and requirements from the scientists, intimate interaction between the scientists and the programmers during design and implementation, and a thorough testing and acceptance plan.

  15. Software Sleuth

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    NASA's need to trace mistakes to their source to try and eliminate them in the future has resulted in software known as Root Cause Analysis (RoCA). Fair, Isaac & Co., Inc. has applied RoCA software, originally developed under an SBIR contract with Kennedy, to its predictive software technology. RoCA can generate graphic reports to make analysis of problems easier and more efficient.

  16. Software reviews

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara J. Kidneigh; Vicki S. Freimuth; Suzanne McCorkle; Wenden W. Waite

    1986-01-01

    CLASSMATE Davidson Software Davidson & Associates, Inc. 6069 Groveoak Place #12, Rancho Palos Verdes, CA 90274 (213) 373–0971 $49.94\\/Apple and IBM versionsREPORT CARD Sensible Software, Inc. 210 S. Woodward, Ste. 229 Birmingham, MICH 48011 (313) 258–5566 IBM PC\\/PC\\/XT 64K (96K w. DOS 2.0)\\/and APPLE $59.99SENSIBLE SPELLER Sensible Software, Inc. 210 So. Woodward, Ste. 229, Birmingham, MICH 48011 (313) 258–5566 Apple

  17. Software safety

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leveson, Nancy

    1987-01-01

    Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

  18. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beezer, Robert A.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Reviews for three software packages are given. Those packages are: Linear Algebra Computer Companion; Probability and Statistics Demonstrations and Tutorials; and Math Utilities: CURVES, SURFS, AND DIFFS. (PK)

  19. Louisiana State Performance Plan--Part B. July 1, 2005-June 30, 2011. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Educational Improvement Act of 2004. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, John

    2012-01-01

    Louisiana developed a time frame for compiling the State Performance Plan with as much opportunity for broad stakeholder input as possible before the required submission date. Bearing in mind the requirements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation, Louisiana's Steering Committee projected performance targets through the year 2014 for the…

  20. Nurse Practitioner and Post-Master's Nurse Practitioner Degree Plan Curriculum for nurse practitioner majors and post-master's certificates. Curriculum is individualized

    E-print Network

    Ward, Karen

    of life in our diverse local communities · Prepare graduates to make significant contribution to nursing diverse local communities · Prepare graduates to make significant contribution to nursing, communitiesNurse Practitioner and Post-Master's Nurse Practitioner Degree Plan Curriculum for nurse

  1. ANTHEM BLUE CROSS AND BLUE SHIELD You may select from two separate dental care plans to meet your individual needs. Premium cost

    E-print Network

    - 34 - ANTHEM BLUE CROSS AND BLUE SHIELD You may select from two separate dental care plans to meet two choices are: Anthem Blue Dental PPO Plus Anthem Blue Dental PPO NOTE: Children are eligible in retirement. PERA retirement benefits are based on your highest three years of earnings. Anthem Blue Dental

  2. LDUA software custodian`s notebook

    SciTech Connect

    Aftanas, B.L.

    1998-08-20

    This plan describes the activities to be performed and controls to be applied to the process of specifying, obtaining, and qualifying the control and data acquisition software for the Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) System. It serves the purpose of a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation plan, and a configuration management plan. This plan applies to all software that is an integral part of the LDUA control and data acquisition system, that is, software that is installed in the computers that are part of the LDUA system as it is deployed in the field. This plan applies to the entire development process, including: requirements; design; implementation; and operations and maintenance. This plan does not apply to any software that is not integral with the LDUA system. This plan has-been prepared in accordance with WHC-CM-6-1 Engineering Practices, EP-2.1; WHC-CM-3-10 Software Practices; and WHC-CM-4-2, QR 19.0, Software Quality Assurance Requirements.

  3. Software Repository

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Merwarth, P., D.

    1983-01-01

    The Common Software Module Repository (CSMR) is computerized library system with high product and service visibility to potential users. Online capabilities of system allow both librarian and user to interact with library. Librarian is responsible for maintaining information in CSMR library. User searches library to locate software modules that meet his or her current needs.

  4. Application of Software Design Principles and Debugging Methods to an Analgesia Prescription Reduces Risk of Severe Injury From Medical Use of Opioids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SM Belknap; H Moore; SA Lanzotti; PR Yarnold; M Getz; DL Deitrick; A Peterson; J Akeson; T Maurer; RC Soltysik; GA Storm; I Brooks

    2008-01-01

    A prescription is a health-care program implemented by a physician or other qualified practitioner in the form of instructions that govern the plan of care for an individual patient. Although the algorithmic nature of prescriptions is axiomatic, this insight has not been applied systematically to medication safety. We used software design principles and debugging methods to create a “Patient-oriented Prescription

  5. The Use of the Individualized Education Plan and Project Adventure to Modify the Educational, Behavioral and Attitudinal Problems of Youthful Offenders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCloud, Barbara K.

    Characteristics of youthful offenders are described, and the role of the individualized education program (IEP) in a training school is considered. The bulk of the paper discusses Project Adventure, a therapeutic program for offenders which emphasizes physical fitness games, risk taking activities, initiative taking, and group cooperation to solve…

  6. 33 CFR 155.5026 - Qualified individual and alternate qualified individual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Qualified individual and alternate qualified individual. 155.5026 Section 155.5026 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD...REGULATIONS FOR VESSELS Nontank Vessel Response Plans § 155.5026 Qualified individual and alternate...

  7. Personalized Information Retrieval in Instructional Software System ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????? ????????????, ????????? ??????????????

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sumalee Sonamthiang; Numtip Rattanawongchaiya

    To support student-centered learning, educational software system should be interactive individually with the learners. The Individualization was met by recognizing student individual characteristics and creating student model to tailor the learning activities, sequence of lessons, and evaluation. Personalized information retrieval (PIR) is added to extend individual interaction and facilitate the learners while they are learning. The PIR performs the Thai

  8. Software Process Improvement Initiatives Based on Quality Assurance Strategies: A QATAM Pilot Application

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dietmar Winkler; Frank Elberzhager; Stefan Biffl; Robert Eschbach

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a Quality Assurance (QA) strategies, i.e., bundles of verification and validation approaches embedded within a balanced software\\u000a process can support project and quality managers in systematically planning and implementing improvement initiatives. New\\u000a and modified processes and methods come up frequently that seems promising candidates for improvement. Nevertheless, the impact\\u000a of processes and methods strongly depends on individual project contexts. A major

  9. Individual Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corsini, Raymond

    1981-01-01

    Paper presented at the 66th Convention of the International Association of Pupil Personnel Workers, October 20, 1980, Baltimore, Maryland, describes individual education based on the principles of Alfred Adler. Defines six advantages of individual education, emphasizing student responsibility, mutual respect, and allowing students to progress at…

  10. The TAME Project: Towards Improvement-Oriented Software Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victor R. Basili; H. Dieter Rombach

    1988-01-01

    Experience from a dozen years of analyzing software engineering processes and products is summarized as a set of software engineering and measurement principles that argue for software engineering process models that integrate sound planning and analysis into the construction process. In the TAME (Tailoring A Measurement Environment) project at the University of Maryland, such an improvement-oriented software engineering process model

  11. Planning support systems for spatial planning through social learning

    E-print Network

    Goodspeed, Robert (Robert Charles)

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation examines new professional practices in urban planning that utilize new types of spatial planning support systems (PSS) based on geographic information systems (GIS) software. Through a mixed-methods ...

  12. SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight

    SciTech Connect

    Kurt G. Vedros

    2011-09-01

    The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP), Configuration Management Plan, Quality Assurance Plan, Software Project Plan, Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM), System Test Plan, SDP Interface Training Manual, and the SAPHIRE 8, 'New Features and Capabilities Overview'.

  13. Design of Mariner 9 Science Sequences using Interactive Graphics Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Freeman, J. E.; Sturms, F. M, Jr.; Webb, W. A.

    1973-01-01

    This paper discusses the analyst/computer system used to design the daily science sequences required to carry out the desired Mariner 9 science plan. The Mariner 9 computer environment, the development and capabilities of the science sequence design software, and the techniques followed in the daily mission operations are discussed. Included is a discussion of the overall mission operations organization and the individual components which played an essential role in the sequence design process. A summary of actual sequences processed, a discussion of problems encountered, and recommendations for future applications are given.

  14. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathematics and Computer Education, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Presents reviews of six software packages. Includes (1) "Plain Vanilla Statistics"; (2) "MathCAD 2.0"; (3) "GrFx"; (4) "Trigonometry"; (5) "Algebra II"; (6) "Algebra Drill and Practice I, II, and III." (PK)

  15. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews seven computer software programs that can be used in science education programs. Describes courseware which deals with muscles and bones, terminology, classifying animals without backbones, molecular structures, drugs, genetics, and shaping the earth's surface. (TW)

  16. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Reviewed are six computer software packages including "Lunar Greenhouse,""Dyno-Quest,""How Weather Works,""Animal Trackers,""Personal Science Laboratory," and "The Skeletal and Muscular Systems." Availability, functional, and hardware requirements are discussed. (CW)

  17. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    Provides a review of four science software programs. Includes topics such as plate tectonics, laboratory experiment simulations, the human body, and light and temperature. Contains information on ordering and reviewers' comments. (ML)

  18. Software agents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael R. Genesereth; Steven P. Ketchpel

    1994-01-01

    this paper, we discuss these questions and describe someemerging technologies that provide answers. In the final section, we mention some additionalissues and summarize the key points of the paper. (For more information onagent-based software engineering, see [Genesereth 1989] and [Genesereth 1992]. See also[Shoham 1993] for a description of a variation of agent-based software engineering knownas "agent-oriented programming".)2. Agent Communication Language

  19. Software Architecture and Software Configuration Bernhard Westfechtel

    E-print Network

    Westfechtel, Bernhard

    Software Architecture and Software Configuration Management Bernhard Westfechtel and Reidar Reidar.Conradi@idi.ntnu.no Abstract. This paper examines the relations between software architecture and software configuration management. These disciplines overlap because they are both concerned

  20. The relationship between family planning methods, individual hygiene, and fertility with vaginal infections among the women referring to selected health centers in Isfahan city

    PubMed Central

    Valiani, Mahboubeh; Zolfaghari, Maryam; Nazemi, Maryam; Pirhadi, Masoumeh; Ebrahimian, Shokouh

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: With regard to the high commonality of vaginal infections among pregnancy-age women, especially gardnerella, candidiasis vaginitis, trichomonal vaginitis and chlamydia and by attending to this fact that these infections have a high cost, including the medical expenses and other services like missing working hours and bear a negative effect on the life quality of women as influential individuals in family and society, we decided to examine the commonality of some of these infections and their related factors among women referring to selected health centers in Isfahan City. METHODS: This research was of an analytical-descriptive type conducted on 266 samples referred to the midwifery unit of selected health centers in Isfahan City due to one of the common vaginal infections (gardnerella, candidiasis vaginitis, trichomonal vaginitis and chlamydia). The collection of data was carried out via conducting interview with women and filling out the researcher-made questionnaire with close-ended answers (38 questions) and open-ended answers (25 questions). Data analysis was done by descriptive and analytical statistics (variance analysis and chi-square test). RESULTS: The findings of the study showed a significant relationship (p = 0.04) between suffering from different kinds of vaginal infection and fertility factors (the treatment record of the spouse). But, there was no significant statistical relationship between suffering from these infections and delivery type, period regulation, seeing stains and the pregnancy prevention type. Meanwhile, a significant relationship was found between suffering from vaginitis and demographic and individual factors like women's job (p=0.001), their educational level (p = 0.006), body mass index (p = 0.01) and their weight (p = 0.02). However, no significant relationship was found between suffering from common vaginal infections and individual health factors. CONCLUSIONS: With regard to the research findings, knowledge of the factors related to vaginal infection, including the fertility factors, can be instrumental in preventing and reducing the suffering from these infections. Therefore, training related to mothers’ educational level and consulting with women for knowing the susceptibility factors like the effect of weight, attending to mothers’ professional issues and prevention methods by following individual and sexual health-related issues by men and women can reduce the rate of suffering from these infections and promote the health level of mothers and hence, the society's health status. PMID:22039384

  1. Programming Makes Software; Support Makes Users

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batcheller, A. L.

    2010-12-01

    Skilled software engineers may build fantastic software for climate modeling, yet fail to achieve their project’s objectives. Software support and related activities are just as critical as writing software. This study followed three different software projects in the climate sciences, using interviews, observation, and document analysis to examine the value added by support work. Supporting the project and interacting with users was a key task for software developers, who often spent 50% of their time on it. Such support work most often involved replying to questions on an email list, but also included talking to users on teleconference calls and in person. Software support increased adoption by building the software’s reputation and showing individuals how the software can meet their needs. In the process of providing support, developers often learned new of requirements as users reported features they desire and bugs they found. As software matures and gains widespread use, support work often increases. In fact, such increases can be one signal that the software has achieved broad acceptance. Maturing projects also find demand for instructional classes, online tutorials and detailed examples of how to use the software. The importance of support highlights the fact that building software systems involves both social and technical aspects. Yes, we need to build the software, but we also need to “build” the users and practices that can take advantage of it.

  2. Institute for Software Technology Software Maintenance

    E-print Network

    1 Institute for Software Technology Software Maintenance VU 3.0 WS 2006 Univ.Prof. Dr. Franz Wotawa Institut für Softwaretechnologie wotawa@ist.tugraz.at VU Software Maintenance 2Institute for Software Technology Wozu Software Maintenance? Meine Software ist immer korrekt! Keine Modifikationen. Nur neue

  3. Software-Engineering Process Simulation (SEPS) model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lin, C. Y.; Abdel-Hamid, T.; Sherif, J. S.

    1992-01-01

    The Software Engineering Process Simulation (SEPS) model is described which was developed at JPL. SEPS is a dynamic simulation model of the software project development process. It uses the feedback principles of system dynamics to simulate the dynamic interactions among various software life cycle development activities and management decision making processes. The model is designed to be a planning tool to examine tradeoffs of cost, schedule, and functionality, and to test the implications of different managerial policies on a project's outcome. Furthermore, SEPS will enable software managers to gain a better understanding of the dynamics of software project development and perform postmodern assessments.

  4. Lesson Plans Inc: Biology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lesson Plans Inc. is a science curriculum resource for teachers of high-school science, currently offering lesson plans and software for biology. "Lesson plans" include experiments, labs, and other activities; syllabi; projects; worksheets and homework; and quizzes and exams. The resources focus on different learning styles (auditory, visual, kinesthetic, and tactile) and are aligned to California state standards. Registration, which is free, provides access to all lesson plans, and enables members to rate and comment on lessons and post their own lessons and best practices. Videos, 3-D animations, and software are available with paid subscription.

  5. An experiment in software reliability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunham, J. R.; Pierce, J. L.

    1986-01-01

    The results of a software reliability experiment conducted in a controlled laboratory setting are reported. The experiment was undertaken to gather data on software failures and is one in a series of experiments being pursued by the Fault Tolerant Systems Branch of NASA Langley Research Center to find a means of credibly performing reliability evaluations of flight control software. The experiment tests a small sample of implementations of radar tracking software having ultra-reliability requirements and uses n-version programming for error detection, and repetitive run modeling for failure and fault rate estimation. The experiment results agree with those of Nagel and Skrivan in that the program error rates suggest an approximate log-linear pattern and the individual faults occurred with significantly different error rates. Additional analysis of the experimental data raises new questions concerning the phenomenon of interacting faults. This phenomenon may provide one explanation for software reliability decay.

  6. Error Analysis of the Shuttle Orbital Maneuvering System P-V-T Propellant Gaging Module. Mission Planning, Mission Analysis and Software Formulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duhon, D. D.

    1975-01-01

    An investigation of the shuttle orbital maneuvering system (OMS) pressure-volume-temperature (P-V-T) propellant gaging module has revealed that the gaging errors due to the combined effects of random instrumentation measurement errors, propellant loading uncertainties, and simplifying assumptions in the software are non-linear over the range of the usable propellant quantity gage (0-100%), with the largest error being at the zero point. When the OMS propellant tanks in the orbiter vehicle pods are filled to contain 100% of the maximum usable propellant, the gaging error at the zero point was determined to be 9.5% for the fuel and 9.5% for the oxidizer. When the OMS propellant tanks initially contain 50% of the maximum usable propellant, the largest gaging error is still 9.5% for the fuel and 9.5% for the oxidizer.

  7. Space Station Software Issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Voigt, S. (editor); Beskenis, S. (editor)

    1985-01-01

    Issues in the development of software for the Space Station are discussed. Software acquisition and management, software development environment, standards, information system support for software developers, and a future software advisory board are addressed.

  8. Culture shock: Improving software quality

    SciTech Connect

    de Jong, K.; Trauth, S.L.

    1988-01-01

    The concept of software quality can represent a significant shock to an individual who has been developing software for many years and who believes he or she has been doing a high quality job. The very idea that software includes lines of code and associated documentation is foreign and difficult to grasp, at best. Implementation of a software quality program hinges on the concept that software is a product whose quality needs improving. When this idea is introduced into a technical community that is largely ''self-taught'' and has been producing ''good'' software for some time, a fundamental understanding of the concepts associated with software is often weak. Software developers can react as if to say, ''What are you talking about. What do you mean I'm not doing a good job. I haven't gotten any complaints about my code yetexclamation'' Coupling such surprise and resentment with the shock that software really is a product and software quality concepts do exist, can fuel the volatility of these emotions. In this paper, we demonstrate that the concept of software quality can indeed pose a culture shock to developers. We also show that a ''typical'' quality assurance approach, that of imposing a standard and providing inspectors and auditors to assure its adherence, contributes to this shock and detracts from the very goal the approach should achieve. We offer an alternative, adopted through experience, to implement a software quality program: cooperative assistance. We show how cooperation, education, consultation and friendly assistance can overcome this culture shock. 3 refs.

  9. Antiterrorist Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, David A.

    1998-01-01

    In light of the escalation of terrorism, the Department of Defense spearheaded the development of new antiterrorist software for all Government agencies by issuing a Broad Agency Announcement to solicit proposals. This Government-wide competition resulted in a team that includes NASA Lewis Research Center's Computer Services Division, who will develop the graphical user interface (GUI) and test it in their usability lab. The team launched a program entitled Joint Sphere of Security (JSOS), crafted a design architecture (see the following figure), and is testing the interface. This software system has a state-ofthe- art, object-oriented architecture, with a main kernel composed of the Dynamic Information Architecture System (DIAS) developed by Argonne National Laboratory. DIAS will be used as the software "breadboard" for assembling the components of explosions, such as blast and collapse simulations.

  10. Planning Systems for Distributed Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maxwell, Theresa G.

    2002-01-01

    This viewgraph representation presents an overview of the mission planning process involving distributed operations (such as the International Space Station (ISS)) and the computer hardware and software systems needed to support such an effort. Topics considered include: evolution of distributed planning systems, ISS distributed planning, the Payload Planning System (PPS), future developments in distributed planning systems, Request Oriented Scheduling Engine (ROSE) and Next Generation distributed planning systems.

  11. Reducing the complexity of software systems - A strategic software perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hornstein, Rhoda S.

    1992-01-01

    The results of a combined management and technical initiative aimed at reducing the size and complexity associated with developing operations planning, scheduling, and resource management software systems are presented. The initiative has produced operations concepts, functional requirements, system architectures, a comprehensive lexicon, and software tools to revolutionize the traditional software technology and development practices for planning, scheduling, and resource management systems used in space operations control centers. Examples of technology and practices to reduce complexity include a method for projecting design consequences from an operations concept, a universal architecture for heuristic algorithms, an object-oriented framework for describing large classes of problems that parametrically adapt to all domain peculiarities, the identification of general approaches which respond to changes with minimum impact on systems implementations, and a management structure for prototyping to minimize the risks of ill-conceived designs.

  12. Data systems and computer science: Software Engineering Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zygielbaum, Arthur I.

    1991-01-01

    An external review of the Integrated Technology Plan for the Civil Space Program is presented. This review is specifically concerned with the Software Engineering Program. The goals of the Software Engineering Program are as follows: (1) improve NASA's ability to manage development, operation, and maintenance of complex software systems; (2) decrease NASA's cost and risk in engineering complex software systems; and (3) provide technology to assure safety and reliability of software in mission critical applications.

  13. Individualized Independent

    E-print Network

    Dennehy, John

    Individualized Studies for Independent Minds His Faculty Mentor: Prof. Sherrie Baver, Political Policy City P SC 236 Latin American Political Systems City P SC 310 Independent Study (Domestic Energy options would be much more limited. Thanks to CUNY Baccalaureate, the world is my oyster! Her Next Step

  14. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathematics and Computer Education, 1987

    1987-01-01

    Presented are reviews of several microcomputer software programs. Included are reviews of: (1) Microstat (Zenith); (2) MathCAD (MathSoft); (3) Discrete Mathematics (True Basic); (4) CALCULUS (True Basic); (5) Linear-Kit (John Wiley); and (6) Geometry Sensei (Broderbund). (RH)

  15. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitter, Gary G., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Reviewed are two microcomputer software packages which may be useful in mathematics education: "Hands-On Math Volume 3," and "MathCAD 2.5." Listed are the educational level, hardware requirements, package contents, cost, and availability. Discussed are the functions, applications, strengths and weaknesses of each package. (CW)

  16. Software pipelining

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vicki H. Allan; Reese B. Jones; Randall M. Lee; Stephen J. Allan

    1995-01-01

    Utilizing parallelism at the instruction level is an important way to improve performance. Because the time spent in loop execution dominates total execution time, a large body of optimizations focuses on decreasing the time to execute each iteration. Software pipelining is a technique that reforms the loop so that a faster execution rate is realized. Iterations are executed in overlapped

  17. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teles, Elizabeth, Ed.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Reviewed are two computer software packages for Macintosh microcomputers including "Phase Portraits," an exploratory graphics tool for studying first-order planar systems; and "MacMath," a set of programs for exploring differential equations, linear algebra, and other mathematical topics. Features, ease of use, cost, availability, and hardware…

  18. Free Software

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    McClain, John

    This collection, created by John McClain of Cornell University, of macros for Microsoft Excel addresses numerous topics like decision trees, the Central Limit Theorem, queueing, critical path analysis, regression with prediction intervals, and recognizing departures from normality. There are eighteen different macros to choose from. This software requires the user to possess a copy of Microsoft Excel for proper use.

  19. Reviews: Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackenzie, Norma N.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Reviews four computer software packages including: "The Physical Science Series: Sound" which demonstrates making waves, speed of sound, doppler effect, and human hearing; "Andromeda" depicting celestial motions in any direction; "Biology Quiz: Humans" covering chemistry, cells, viruses, and human biology; and "MacStronomy" covering information on…

  20. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science and Children, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Reviews of seven software packages are presented including "The Environment I: Habitats and EcoSystems; II Cycles and Interactions"; "Super Sign Maker"; "The Great Knowledge Race: Substance Abuse"; "Exploring Science: Temperature"; "Fast Food Calculator and RD Aide"; "The Human Body: Circulation and Respiration" and "Forces in Liquids and Gases."…

  1. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackenzie, Norma N.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Describes computer software for use with various age groups. Topics include activities involving temperature, simulations, earth science, the circulatory system, human body, reading in science, and ecology. Provides information on equipment needed, availability, package contents, and price. Comments of reviews are presented by classroom teachers.…

  2. Software Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Software Quarterly, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Provides extensive reviews of computer software, examining documentation, ease of use, performance, error handling, special features, and system requirements. Includes statistics, problem-solving (TK Solver), label printing, database management, experimental psychology, Encyclopedia Britannica biology, and DNA-sequencing programs. A program for…

  3. Software Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Currents, 2000

    2000-01-01

    A chart of 40 alumni-development database systems provides information on vendor/Web site, address, contact/phone, software name, price range, minimum suggested workstation/suggested server, standard reports/reporting tools, minimum/maximum record capacity, and number of installed sites/client type. (DB)

  4. Software Comparison

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blanchard, D. C.

    1986-01-01

    Software Comparison Package (SCP) compares similar files. Normally, these are 90-character files produced by CDC UPDATE utility from program libraries that contain FORTRAN source code plus identifier. SCP also used to compare load maps, cross-reference outputs, and UPDATE corrections sets. Helps wherever line-by-line comparison of similarly structured files required.

  5. Predictive Software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Hernández-Orallo; M. José Ramírez-Quintana

    2001-01-01

    We examine the adaptation of classical machine learning selection criteria to ensure or improve the predictiveness of specifications. Moreover, inspired in incremental learning, software construction is also seen as an incremental process which must generate and revise the specification with the main goal of being predictive to requirements evolution. The new goal is not necessarily to achieve the highest accuracy

  6. Educational Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    The third session of IT@EDU98 consisted of five papers on educational software and was chaired by Tran Van Hao (University of Education, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam). "Courseware Engineering" (Nguyen Thanh Son, Ngo Ngoc Bao Tran, Quan Thanh Tho, Nguyen Hong Lam) briefly describes the use of courseware. "Machine Discovery Theorems in Geometry: A…

  7. Manager's handbook for software development, revision 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    Methods and aids for the management of software development projects are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and experiences of the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) with flight dynamics software development. The management aspects of the following subjects are described: organizing the project, producing a development plan, estimating costs, scheduling, staffing, preparing deliverable documents, using management tools, monitoring the project, conducting reviews, auditing, testing, and certifying.

  8. ERP Software Implementation Best Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frantz, Pollyanne S.; Southerland, Arthur R.; Johnson, James T.

    2002-01-01

    Studied the perceptions of chief financial and information officers of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software implementation best practices. Usable responses from 159 respondents show consensus for the most part between the perceptions of the two groups and describe some best practices that represent common ground. (SLD)

  9. Developing secure software and systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paolo Falcarin; Maurizio Morisio

    The development and maintenance of network and data security in software systems is done in a late phase of design and coding or during deployment, often in an ad-hoc manner. Network monitoring and recovery, encryption protocols, best practices for combating cyber-crime, or disaster recovery planning are useful methodologies applied to enforce security of a deployed system. Nevertheless these are not

  10. Software Solution Builds Project Consensus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graue, David

    2003-01-01

    Describes the use of Autodesk Revit, a computer software system for design and documentation of buildings, in the planning of the University Center of Chicago, a large residence hall involving the cooperation of DePaul University, Columbia College, and Roosevelt University. (EV)

  11. Bibliography Formatting Software: An Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stigleman, Sue

    1993-01-01

    Discusses software used for formatting bibliographies and describes 52 programs. Information provided includes type of operating system required, publication formats, citation styles, ability to arrange by subject, use of downloaded references, network versions, costs, and plans for future changes. A directory of the programs and producers is…

  12. Software models for Smart Grid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anjali Singhal; R. P. Saxena

    2012-01-01

    Smart grid technology is progressing worldwide. Various Countries are investing to transform their traditional power grid to Smart grid. They have started realigning their organization to support a Smart grid vision. At this initial stage some software models are required to quantifiably evaluate, monitor the progress and plan for the realization of a smart grid. At present some models like

  13. Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

    2004-01-01

    Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

  14. Adopting Open Source Software to Address Software Risks during the Scientific Data Life Cycle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vinay, S.; Downs, R. R.

    2012-12-01

    Software enables the creation, management, storage, distribution, discovery, and use of scientific data throughout the data lifecycle. However, the capabilities offered by software also present risks for the stewardship of scientific data, since future access to digital data is dependent on the use of software. From operating systems to applications for analyzing data, the dependence of data on software presents challenges for the stewardship of scientific data. Adopting open source software provides opportunities to address some of the proprietary risks of data dependence on software. For example, in some cases, open source software can be deployed to avoid licensing restrictions for using, modifying, and transferring proprietary software. The availability of the source code of open source software also enables the inclusion of modifications, which may be contributed by various community members who are addressing similar issues. Likewise, an active community that is maintaining open source software can be a valuable source of help, providing an opportunity to collaborate to address common issues facing adopters. As part of the effort to meet the challenges of software dependence for scientific data stewardship, risks from software dependence have been identified that exist during various times of the data lifecycle. The identification of these risks should enable the development of plans for mitigating software dependencies, where applicable, using open source software, and to improve understanding of software dependency risks for scientific data and how they can be reduced during the data life cycle.

  15. MHEC Academic Scheduling Software Survey Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Midwestern Higher Education Commission Academic Software Committee Research Bulletin, 1995

    1995-01-01

    This bulletin summarizes the chief quantitative findings of a survey of 264 small and medium sized colleges and universities in the midwest concerning their use of and interest in academic scheduling software. This type of software assists in planning course offerings, assigning instructors and course functions to facilities and time slots, and…

  16. Hindawi Publishing Corporation ISRN Software Engineering

    E-print Network

    van der Aalst, Wil

    ]. For example, larger ERP (Enter- prise Resource Planning) systems (e.g., SAP and Oracle), CRM (CustomerHindawi Publishing Corporation ISRN Software Engineering Volume 2013, Article ID 507984, 37 pages. Moreover, today there is an abundance of BPM systems. These systems are generic software systems

  17. Issues in NASA Program and Project Management: Focus on Project Planning and Scheduling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoffman, Edward J. (Editor); Lawbaugh, William M. (Editor)

    1997-01-01

    Topics addressed include: Planning and scheduling training for working project teams at NASA, overview of project planning and scheduling workshops, project planning at NASA, new approaches to systems engineering, software reliability assessment, and software reuse in wind tunnel control systems.

  18. Predictive data mining model for software bug estimation using average weighted similarity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naresh Kumar Nagwani; Shrish Verma

    2010-01-01

    Software bug estimation is a very essential activity for effective and proper software project planning. All the software bug related data are kept in software bug repositories. Software bug (defect) repositories contains lot of useful information related to the development of a project. Data mining techniques can be applied on these repositories to discover useful interesting patterns. In this paper

  19. Simultaneous optimization of sequential IMRT plans

    SciTech Connect

    Popple, Richard A.; Prellop, Perri B.; Spencer, Sharon A.; Santos, Jennifer F. de los; Duan, Jun; Fiveash, John B.; Brezovich, Ivan A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233 (United States)

    2005-11-15

    Radiotherapy often comprises two phases, in which irradiation of a volume at risk for microscopic disease is followed by a sequential dose escalation to a smaller volume either at a higher risk for microscopic disease or containing only gross disease. This technique is difficult to implement with intensity modulated radiotherapy, as the tolerance doses of critical structures must be respected over the sum of the two plans. Techniques that include an integrated boost have been proposed to address this problem. However, clinical experience with such techniques is limited, and many clinicians are uncomfortable prescribing nonconventional fractionation schemes. To solve this problem, we developed an optimization technique that simultaneously generates sequential initial and boost IMRT plans. We have developed an optimization tool that uses a commercial treatment planning system (TPS) and a high level programming language for technical computing. The tool uses the TPS to calculate the dose deposition coefficients (DDCs) for optimization. The DDCs were imported into external software and the treatment ports duplicated to create the boost plan. The initial, boost, and tolerance doses were specified and used to construct cost functions. The initial and boost plans were optimized simultaneously using a gradient search technique. Following optimization, the fluence maps were exported to the TPS for dose calculation. Seven patients treated using sequential techniques were selected from our clinical database. The initial and boost plans used to treat these patients were developed independently of each other by dividing the tolerance doses proportionally between the initial and boost plans and then iteratively optimizing the plans until a summation that met the treatment goals was obtained. We used the simultaneous optimization technique to generate plans that met the original planning goals. The coverage of the initial and boost target volumes in the simultaneously optimized plans was equivalent to the independently optimized plans actually used for treatment. Tolerance doses of the critical structures were respected for the plan sum; however, the dose to critical structures for the individual initial and boost plans was different between the simultaneously optimized and the independently optimized plans. In conclusion, we have demonstrated a method for optimization of initial and boost plans that treat volume reductions using the same dose per fraction. The method is efficient, as it avoids the iterative approach necessitated by currently available TPSs, and is generalizable to more than two treatment phases. Comparison with clinical plans developed independently suggests that current manual techniques for planning sequential treatments may be suboptimal.

  20. Chemical recognition software

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, J.S.; Trahan, M.W.; Nelson, W.E.; Hargis, P.H. Jr.; Tisone, G.C.

    1994-06-01

    We have developed a capability to make real time concentration measurements of individual chemicals in a complex mixture using a multispectral laser remote sensing system. Our chemical recognition and analysis software consists of three parts: (1) a rigorous multivariate analysis package for quantitative concentration and uncertainty estimates, (2) a genetic optimizer which customizes and tailors the multivariate algorithm for a particular application, and (3) an intelligent neural net chemical filter which pre-selects from the chemical database to find the appropriate candidate chemicals for quantitative analyses by the multivariate algorithms, as well as providing a quick-look concentration estimate and consistency check. Detailed simulations using both laboratory fluorescence data and computer synthesized spectra indicate that our software can make accurate concentration estimates from complex multicomponent mixtures, even when the mixture is noisy and contaminated with unknowns.

  1. Chemical recognition software

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, J.S.; Trahan, M.W.; Nelson, W.E.; Hargis, P.J. Jr.; Tisone, G.C.

    1994-12-01

    We have developed a capability to make real time concentration measurements of individual chemicals in a complex mixture using a multispectral laser remote sensing system. Our chemical recognition and analysis software consists of three parts: (1) a rigorous multivariate analysis package for quantitative concentration and uncertainty estimates, (2) a genetic optimizer which customizes and tailors the multivariate algorithm for a particular application, and (3) an intelligent neural net chemical filter which pre-selects from the chemical database to find the appropriate candidate chemicals for quantitative analyses by the multivariate algorithms, as well as providing a quick-look concentration estimate and consistency check. Detailed simulations using both laboratory fluorescence data and computer synthesized spectra indicate that our software can make accurate concentration estimates from complex multicomponent mixtures. even when the mixture is noisy and contaminated with unknowns.

  2. A WWW Based Software Metrics Environment for Software Process Management and Software Product Quality Improvement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaoqing Frank Liu; Ravi Viswanathan

    1999-01-01

    The sojiware process needs to be continuously improved to develop high quality software. However, with increasing specialization in the workforce and decentralization in the workplace, sofmare process planning, nionitoring, analysis and dstiarnic tuning in a heterogeneous distributed environrnent becomes a challenge. In this paper we describe a tool which tokes advantage of emerging internet technology to iniplenient CI sojiware nietrics

  3. A software surety analysis process

    SciTech Connect

    Trauth, S.; Tempel, P.

    1995-11-01

    As part of the High Consequence System Surety project, this work was undertaken to explore, one approach to conducting a surety theme analysis for a software-driven system. Originally, plans were to develop a theoretical approach to the analysis, and then to validate and refine this process by applying it to the software being developed for the Weight and Leak Check System (WALS), an automated nuclear weapon component handling system. As with the development of the higher level High consequence System surety Process, this work was not completed due to changes in funding levels. This document describes the software analysis process, discusses its application in a software, environment, and outlines next steps that could be taken to further develop and apply the approach to projects.

  4. Should software hold data hostage?

    SciTech Connect

    Wiley, H S.; Michaels, George S.

    2004-08-01

    Software tools have become an indispensable part of modern biology, but issues surrounding propriety file formats and closed software architectures threaten to stunt the growth of this rapidly expanding area of research. In an effort to ensure continuous software upgrades to provide a continuous income stream, some software companies have resorted to holding the user?s data hostage by locking them into proprietary file and data formats. Although this might make sense from a business perspective, it violates fundamental principles of data ownership and control. Such tactics should not be tolerated by the scientific community. The future of data-intensive biology depends on ensuring open data standards and freely exchangeable file formats. Compared to the engineering and chemistry fields, computers are a relatively recent addition to the arsenal of biological tools. Thus the pool of potential users of biology-oriented software is comparatively small. Biology itself is a broad field with many sub-disciplines, such as neurobiology, biochemistry, genomics and cell biology. This creates the need for task-oriented software tools that necessarily have a small user base. Simultaneously, the task of developing software has become more complex with the need for multi-platform software and increasing user expectations of sophisticated interfaces and a high degree of usability. Writing successful software in such an environment is very challenging, but progress in biology will increasingly depend on the success of companies and individuals in creating powerful new software tools. The trend to open source software could have an enormous impact on biology by providing the large number of specialized analysis tools that are required. Indeed, in the field of bioinformatics, open source software has become pervasive, largely because of the high degree of computer skill necessary for workers in this field. For these tools to be usable by non-specialists, however, requires the development of facile user interfaces and robust environments. This is where some companies have provided real value to the community, building on the foundation of open source software. Outside of genomics and bioinformatics, there is still a critical need for software tools, particularly in areas such as imaging, biochemistry and cell signaling. The computer skills of investigators in these fields is generally more rudimentary, and thus the open source options are much more limited. Commercial software dominates these areas, but open source has the potential to contribute more in the future.

  5. Calculation Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    MathSoft Plus 5.0 is a calculation software package for electrical engineers and computer scientists who need advanced math functionality. It incorporates SmartMath, an expert system that determines a strategy for solving difficult mathematical problems. SmartMath was the result of the integration into Mathcad of CLIPS, a NASA-developed shell for creating expert systems. By using CLIPS, MathSoft, Inc. was able to save the time and money involved in writing the original program.

  6. Resource Conservation Software Competition in California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tzitz, Carolyn J.

    1984-01-01

    Describes a statewide computer competition involving young programers (individuals and groups) who developed software packages on energy and water conservation. Project rules, guidelines, challenges, evaluations, prizes, commitments, benefits, and costs are discussed. (BC)

  7. Network Software Security and User Incentives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terrence August; Tunay I. Tunca

    2006-01-01

    We study the effect of user incentives on software security in a network of individual users under costly patching and negative network security externalities. For proprietary software or freeware, we compare four alternative policies to manage network security: (i) consumer self-patching (where no external incentives are provided for patching or purchasing); (ii) mandatory patching; (iii) patching rebate; and (iv) usage

  8. Software processes are software too

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leon J. Osterweil

    1987-01-01

    \\u000a The major theme of this meeting is the exploration of the importance of process as a vehicle for improving both the quality\\u000a of software products and the way in which we develop and evolve them. In beginning this exploration it seems important to\\u000a spend at least a short time examining the nature of process and convincing ourselves that this is

  9. Configuration management plan for the Automated Transportation Management System

    SciTech Connect

    Genoni, S.K. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-04-01

    This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in ensuring and controlling the development process of the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The sponsor has identified ATMS and its components as unclassified and non-sensitive. The configuration management procedures are necessary to ensure that any changes made to software and related documentation are consistent with ATMS goals and objectives and contained securely in a central library. The objectives of the Plan are to (1) Establish product baselines that support the change process; (2) Ensure that all system changes support ATMS goals and objectives; (3) Ensure that the potential impacts of system changes are adequately evaluated prior to implementation; (4) Ensure that the latest approved versions of all software are being used in all environments (current production, development and future production); (5) Establish a configuration status reporting standard that informs pertinent individuals of ATMS system status; (6) Ensure that the baselines always remain current with the production software and documentation; (7) Ensure that configuration management is integrated with other management plans designed to meet the overall objectives and goals of ATMS; and (8) Ensure that the configuration library function of maintaining all master copies of documentation and software for each product is supported.

  10. Empirical studies of agile software development: A systematic review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tore Dybå; Torgeir Dingsøyr

    2008-01-01

    Agile software development represents a major departure from traditional, plan-based approaches to software engineering. A system- atic review of empirical studies of agile software development up to and including 2005 was conducted. The search strategy identified 1996 studies, of which 36 were identified as empirical studies. The studies were grouped into four themes: introduction and adoption, human and social factors,

  11. Prometheus Reactor I&C Software Development Methodology, for Action

    SciTech Connect

    T. Hamilton

    2005-07-30

    The purpose of this letter is to submit the Reactor Instrumentation and Control (I&C) software life cycle, development methodology, and programming language selections and rationale for project Prometheus to NR for approval. This letter also provides the draft Reactor I&C Software Development Process Manual and Reactor Module Software Development Plan to NR for information.

  12. An approach to a theory of software evolution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. M. Lehman; J. F. Ramil

    2001-01-01

    This paper outlines plans for the proposed development of a theory of software evolution. Apart from its intrinsic value, such a theory will advance understanding of the attributes of the software evolution phenomenon, its drivers and its practical impact on the software process and its products. If achieved, such a theory will provide means to identify and justify best practice

  13. Manpower and project planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, David W.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose was to study how manpower and projects are planned at the Facilities Engineering Division (FENGD) within the Systems Engineering and Operations Directorate of the LaRC and to make recommendations for improving the effectiveness and productivity ot the tools that are used. The existing manpower and project planning processes (including the management plan for the FENGD, existing manpower planning reports, project reporting to LaRC and NASA Headquarters, employee time reporting, financial reporting, and coordination/tracking reports for procurement) were discussed with several people, and project planning software was evaluated.

  14. Writing software for the clinic.

    PubMed

    Rosen, I I

    1998-03-01

    Medical physicists often write computer programs to support scientific, educational, and clinical endeavors. Errors in scientific and educational software can waste time and effort by producing meaningless results, but errors in clinical software can contribute to patient injuries. Although the ultimate goal of error-free software is impossible to achieve except in very small programs, there are many good design, implementation, and testing practices that can be used by small development groups to significantly reduce errors, improve quality, and reduce maintenance. The software development process should include four basic steps: specifications, design, implementation, and testing. A specifications document defining what the software is intended to do is valuable for clearly delimiting the scope of the project and providing a benchmark for evaluating the final product. Keep the software design simple and straightforward. Document assumptions, and check them. Emphasize maintainability, portability, and reliability rather than speed. Use layers to isolate the application from hardware and the operating system. Plan for upgrades. Expect the software to be used in unplanned ways. Whenever possible, be generous with RAM and disk storage; hardware is cheaper than development and maintenance. During implementation, use well-known algorithms whenever possible. Use prototypes to try out ideas. Use generic modules, version numbering, unique file names, defensive programming, and operating system and language/compiler defaults. Avoid binary data files and clever tricks. Remember that real numbers are not exact in a computer. Get it right before making it faster. Document the software extensively. Test continuously during development; the later a problem is found, the more it costs to fix. Use a written procedure to test the final product exactly as a typical user would run it. Allow no changes after clinical release. Expect to spend at least an additional 50% of the initial development effort on testing, fixing errors, and getting the software into routine operation. PMID:9547497

  15. Experiences of Fault Data in a Large Software System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Niclas Ohlsson; Claes Wohlin

    Early identification of fault-prone modules is desirable both from developer and customer per- spectives since it supports planning and scheduling activities that facilitate cost avoidance and improved time to market. Large scale software systems are rarely built from scratch, and usu- ally involve modification and enhancement of existing systems. This suggest that development planning and software quality could greatly be

  16. Simulation Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    Various NASA Small Business Innovation Research grants from Marshall Space Flight Center, Langley Research Center and Ames Research Center were used to develop the 'kernel' of COMCO's modeling and simulation software, the PHLEX finite element code. NASA needed it to model designs of flight vehicles; one of many customized commercial applications is UNISIM, a PHLEX-based code for analyzing underground flows in oil reservoirs for Texaco, Inc. COMCO's products simulate a computational mechanics problem, estimate the solution's error and produce the optimal hp-adapted mesh for the accuracy the user chooses. The system is also used as a research or training tool in universities and in mechanical design in industrial corporations.

  17. Software Surrogate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In 1994, Blackboard Technology received a NASA Phase I SBIR award entitled "A Blackboard-Based Framework for Mixed-Initiative, Crewed- Space-System Applications." This research continued in Phase II at JSC, where a generic architecture was developed in which a software surrogate serves as the operator's representative in the fast-paced realm of nearly autonomous, intelligent systems. This SBIR research effort addressed the need to support human-operator monitoring and intervention with intelligent systems such as those being developed for NASA's crewed space program.

  18. Space Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    Xontech, Inc.'s software package, XonVu, simulates the missions of Voyager 1 at Jupiter and Saturn, Voyager 2 at Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, and Giotto in close encounter with Comet Halley. With the program, the user can generate scenes of the planets, moons, stars or Halley's nucleus and tail as seen by Giotto, all graphically reproduced with high accuracy in wireframe representation. Program can be used on a wide range of computers, including PCs. User friendly and interactive, with many options, XonVu can be used by a space novice or a professional astronomer. With a companion user's manual, it sells for $79.

  19. Analysis Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    General Purpose Boundary Element Solution Technology (GPBEST) software employs the boundary element method of mechanical engineering analysis, as opposed to finite element. It is, according to one of its developers, 10 times faster in data preparation and more accurate than other methods. Its use results in less expensive products because the time between design and manufacturing is shortened. A commercial derivative of a NASA-developed computer code, it is marketed by Best Corporation to solve problems in stress analysis, heat transfer, fluid analysis and yielding and cracking of solids. Other applications include designing tractor and auto parts, household appliances and acoustic analysis.

  20. To appear in Proc. of ICAPS'05 Workshop on Verification and Validation of Model-based Planning and Scheduling Systems 1 Probabilistic Monitoring from Mixed Software and Hardware Specifications

    E-print Network

    Williams, Brian C.

    , such as spacecraft, robotic networks, automobiles and medical devices consist of hard- ware components whose functionality is extended or con- trolled by embedded software. Examples of devices with software estimate the state of these devices, it is essential to consider their software-extended behavior

  1. Agile project dynamics : a strategic project management approach to the study of large-scale software development using system dynamics

    E-print Network

    Glaiel, Firas (Firas S.)

    2012-01-01

    Large-scale software engineering organizations have traditionally used plan-driven, heavyweight, waterfall-style approaches for the planning, execution, and monitoring of software development efforts. This approach often ...

  2. Software synthesis using generic architectures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bhansali, Sanjay

    1993-01-01

    A framework for synthesizing software systems based on abstracting software system designs and the design process is described. The result of such an abstraction process is a generic architecture and the process knowledge for customizing the architecture. The customization process knowledge is used to assist a designer in customizing the architecture as opposed to completely automating the design of systems. Our approach using an implemented example of a generic tracking architecture which was customized in two different domains is illustrated. How the designs produced using KASE compare to the original designs of the two systems, and current work and plans for extending KASE to other application areas are described.

  3. Complementing Software Pipelining with Software Thread Integration

    E-print Network

    Dean, Alexander G.

    Complementing Software Pipelining with Software Thread Integration Won So Alexander G. Dean Center thread integration, software pipelining, coarse- grain parallelism, stream programming, VLIW, DSP, TI C Raleigh, NC 27695-7256 wso@ncsu.edu, alex dean@ncsu.edu Abstract Software pipelining is a critical

  4. Achieving software quality through Cleanroom software engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard C. Linger; Alan R. Hevner

    1993-01-01

    Describes a success story in the use of modern technologies for software quality improvement. The Cleanroom software engineering process for zero-defect software has been successfully applied on development projects in a variety of environments with remarkable quality results. Cleanroom is based on formal, theory-based methods for software specification, design, correctness verification, and statistical quality certification. The authors survey a number

  5. The evolution of computerized treatment planning for brachytherapy: American contributions

    PubMed Central

    Rivard, Mark J.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To outline the evolution of computerized brachytherapy treatment planning in the United States through a review of technological developments and clinical practice refinements. Material and methods A literature review was performed and interviews were conducted with six participants in the development of computerized treatment planning for brachytherapy. Results Computerized brachytherapy treatment planning software was initially developed in the Physics Departments of New York's Memorial Hospital (by Nelson, Meurk and Balter), and Houston's M. D. Anderson Hospital (by Stovall and Shalek). These public-domain programs could be used by institutions with adequate computational resources; other clinics had access to them via Memorial's and Anderson's teletype-based computational services. Commercial brachytherapy treatment planning programs designed to run on smaller computers (Prowess, ROCS, MMS), were developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s. These systems brought interactive dosimetry into the clinic and surgical theatre. Conclusions Brachytherapy treatment planning has evolved from systems of rigid implant rules to individualized pre- and intra-operative treatment plans, and post-operative dosimetric assessments. Brachytherapy dose distributions were initially calculated on public domain programs on large regionally located computers. With the progression of computer miniaturization and increase in processor speeds, proprietary software was commercially developed for microcomputers that offered increased functionality and integration with clinical practice. PMID:25097560

  6. Software testing using the IEEE standards

    SciTech Connect

    Klamerus, J.; Weeks, J.

    1992-12-31

    Testing is an important part of the software application development process. To achieve quality software deliverables and to avoid costly redevelopment of program code or repair of bad data, testing must be performed throughout the software development life cycle. This paper will discuss a software engineering process to produce a software test plan based upon the ``IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Software Engineering Standards Collection`` guidelines and corporate guidelines. Demonstrated examples of the software testing process involving interactive graphical user interface and standard ASCII text forms-based software are provided. Sandia National Laboratories has a Software Quality Assurance Department which provides corporate guidelines, in addition to recommending the use of IEEE processes. Both corporate guidelines and a specific subset of the IEEE guidelines were applied to the software development projects discussed herein. The rationale for applying a specific subset of the IEEE guidelines for each of the software on development projects will be given. The development of the test procedures in the INGRES/WINDOWS 4GL environment (graphical user interface) as well as in the INGRES/ABF environment (Applications-By-Forms, ASCII Text) will be presented and contrasted. The documentation of the testing process and results are explained.

  7. Software testing using the IEEE standards

    SciTech Connect

    Klamerus, J.; Weeks, J.

    1992-01-01

    Testing is an important part of the software application development process. To achieve quality software deliverables and to avoid costly redevelopment of program code or repair of bad data, testing must be performed throughout the software development life cycle. This paper will discuss a software engineering process to produce a software test plan based upon the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Software Engineering Standards Collection'' guidelines and corporate guidelines. Demonstrated examples of the software testing process involving interactive graphical user interface and standard ASCII text forms-based software are provided. Sandia National Laboratories has a Software Quality Assurance Department which provides corporate guidelines, in addition to recommending the use of IEEE processes. Both corporate guidelines and a specific subset of the IEEE guidelines were applied to the software development projects discussed herein. The rationale for applying a specific subset of the IEEE guidelines for each of the software on development projects will be given. The development of the test procedures in the INGRES/WINDOWS 4GL environment (graphical user interface) as well as in the INGRES/ABF environment (Applications-By-Forms, ASCII Text) will be presented and contrasted. The documentation of the testing process and results are explained.

  8. Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) (For Parents)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... how often they will be provided (for example, occupational therapy twice a week). Support services might include special education, speech therapy, occupational or physical therapy, counseling, audiology, ...

  9. Software Effort Estimation Accuracy: A Comparative Study of Estimations Based on Software Sizing and Development Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lafferty, Mark T.

    2010-01-01

    The number of project failures and those projects completed over cost and over schedule has been a significant issue for software project managers. Among the many reasons for failure, inaccuracy in software estimation--the basis for project bidding, budgeting, planning, and probability estimates--has been identified as a root cause of a high…

  10. Individual Genetic Susceptibility

    SciTech Connect

    Eric J. Hall

    2008-12-08

    Risk estimates derived from epidemiological studies of exposed populations, as well as the maximum permissible doses allowed for occupational exposure and exposure of the public to ionizing radiation are all based on the assumption that the human population is uniform in its radiosensitivity, except for a small number of individuals, such as ATM homozygotes who are easily identified by their clinical symptoms. The hypothesis upon which this proposal is based is that the human population is not homogeneous in radiosensitiviry, but that radiosensitive sub-groups exist which are not easy to identify. These individuals would suffer an increased incidence of detrimental radiation effects, and distort the shape of the dose response relationship. The radiosensitivity of these groups depend on the expression levels of specific proteins. The plan was to investigate the effect of 3 relatively rare, high penetrate genes available in mice, namely Atm, mRad9 & Brca1. The purpose of radiation protection is to prevent! deterministic effects of clinical significance and limit stochastic effects to acceptable levels. We plan, therefore to compare with wild type animals the radiosensitivity of mice heterozygous for each of the genes mentioned above, as well as double heterozygotes for pairs of genes, using two biological endpoints: a) Ocular cataracts as an important and relevant deterministic effect, and b) Oncogenic transformation in cultured embryo fibroblasts, as a surrogate for carcinogenesis, the most relevant stochastic effect.

  11. An Experience Report on the Personal Software Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jagadish Kamatar; Will Hayes

    2000-01-01

    Individual developers can use quality analysis and management techniques that many consider applicable only to projects and organizations. One of the authors, a software practitioner, explains how the personal software process (PSP) gave him the training he needed. The software industry's demand to achieve predictability and consistency in the face of rapid change is significant. The PSP framework helps an

  12. Instructional Software and Attention Disorders: A Tool for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bice, Joe E.; And Others

    This handbook provides information on 31 software programs designed to instruct students with attention disorders in individual and group settings. The most successful applications of instructional software are identified, and six broad categories of instructional software are discussed. Twenty-one strategies for teaching students with attention…

  13. Ada and software management in NASA: Assessment and recommendations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    Recent NASA missions have required software systems that are larger, more complex, and more critical than NASA software systems of the past. The Ada programming language and the software methods and support environments associated with it are seen as potential breakthroughs in meeting NASA's software requirements. The findings of a study by the Ada and Software Management Assessment Working Group (ASMAWG) are presented. The study was chartered to perform three tasks: (1) assess the agency's ongoing and planned Ada activities; (2) assess the infrastructure (standards, policies, and internal organizations) supporting software management and the Ada activities; and (3) present an Ada implementation and use strategy appropriate for NASA over the next 5 years.

  14. A Software Communications Architecture Compliant Software Defined Radio Implementation

    E-print Network

    Kaeli, David R.

    A Software Communications Architecture Compliant Software Defined Radio Implementation A Thesis: A Software Communications Architecture Compliant Software Defined Radio Implementation. Author: Sabri Murat of Engineering Thesis Title: A Software Communications Architecture Compliant Software Defined Radio

  15. Space Flight Software Development Software for Intelligent System Health Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Trevino, Luis C.; Crumbley, Tim

    2004-01-01

    The slide presentation examines the Marshall Space Flight Center Flight Software Branch, including software development projects, mission critical space flight software development, software technical insight, advanced software development technologies, and continuous improvement in the software development processes and methods.

  16. Software Maintenance Maturity Model (SMmm The software maintenance process model

    E-print Network

    Hayes, Jane E.

    Software Maintenance Maturity Model (SMmm ): The software maintenance process model Alain April1 improvements to the software maintenance standards and introducing a proposed maturity model for daily software maintenance activities: Software Maintenance Maturity Model (SMmm ). The software maintenance function suffers

  17. Individualized Degree Program Student Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagan, Jan

    This student handbook describes the process and components of Whatcom Community College's Individualized Degree Program (IDP), which offers students the opportunity to design an associate degree or certificate plan to meet their educational goals. After introductory material presents a history of the IDP's development and the purpose of the…

  18. Software Resource Architecture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Murray Woodside

    2001-01-01

    Performance is determined by a system's resources and its workload. Some of the resources are software resources which are embedded in the software architec- ture; some of them are even created by the software behav- iour. This paper describes software resources and resource architecture, and shows how resource architecture can be determined from software architecture and behaviour. It considers how

  19. Software Fact Sheet Description

    E-print Network

    Software Fact Sheet Description Display & Analysis Software Data Access Software www.unidata.ucar.edu/software data: McIDAS, GEMPAK, and the IDV. In an era of increasing data complexity, accessibility, and multidisciplinary integration, Unidata provides a rich set of software tools to access and visualize Earth

  20. Principles of Software Testing

    E-print Network

    Meyer, Bertrand

    testing is the process used to assess the quality of computer software. Software testing is an empiricalSeven Principles of Software Testing Bertrand Meyer, ETH Zürich and Eiffel Software W hile everyone knows the theoret- ical limitations of software testing, in practice we devote considerable effort

  1. Software Engineering Institute

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and development center whose objective is to provide leadership in software engineering and in the transition of new software engineering technology into practice. The SEI Information Server provides links to the ongoing research efforts of the ARPA Software and Intelligent Systems Technology Office and an index of information relating to numerous software and computing topics.

  2. Book and Software Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wissick, Cheryl

    2000-01-01

    This introductory column on books and software concerned with special education technology presents an article by JuHye Yook on the software design process. It discusses the rationale for developing new software for students with reading disabilities, the design and development process, and analysis of the software design. Software use by two…

  3. A Distributed Object Component-based Approach to Large-scale Engineering Systems and an Example Component Using Motion Planning Techniques for

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    . Implemented software services include motion planning simulations and animation visualizations. Hardware. Implemented software services include motion planning simulations and animation visualizations. Hardware and analysis components. The framework can incorporate software services as well as hardware solutions

  4. PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per plan year) $5,000 Individual

    E-print Network

    cost sharing elements may not apply toward the Payment Limit. ADMINISTERED BY AETNA LIFE INSURANCE must be obtained to avoid a reduction in benefits paid. Excluded amount is $400 per occurrence. None Expenses (including surgery) MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES Inpatient Outpatient ALCOHOL/DRUG ABUSE SERVICES

  5. Controlling Software Piracy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Albert S.

    1992-01-01

    Explains what software manufacturers are doing to combat software piracy, recommends how managers should deal with this problem, and provides a role-playing exercise to help students understand the issues in software piracy. (SR)

  6. Designing security into software

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Chang Tony

    2006-01-01

    When people talk about software security, they usually refer to security applications such as antivirus software, firewalls and intrusion detection systems. There is little emphasis on the security in the software itself. ...

  7. CANbus. , Testing software

    E-print Network

    Kozak, Victor R.

    , , CANbus. , , . , . , , . Testing software for devices with CANbus interface V.R.Kozak Abstract The article describes a specialized software package for devices with CANbus functions of software, results of testing and examples of real applications. © . .. #12

  8. Report: Scientific Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borman, Stuart A.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses various aspects of scientific software, including evaluation and selection of commercial software products; program exchanges, catalogs, and other information sources; major data analysis packages; statistics and chemometrics software; and artificial intelligence. (JN)

  9. Fully Employing Software Inspections Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shull, Forrest; Feldmann, Raimund L.; Seaman, Carolyn; Regardie, Myrna; Godfrey, Sally

    2009-01-01

    Software inspections provide a proven approach to quality assurance for software products of all kinds, including requirements, design, code, test plans, among others. Common to all inspections is the aim of finding and fixing defects as early as possible, and thereby providing cost savings by minimizing the amount of rework necessary later in the lifecycle. Measurement data, such as the number and type of found defects and the effort spent by the inspection team, provide not only direct feedback about the software product to the project team but are also valuable for process improvement activities. In this paper, we discuss NASA's use of software inspections and the rich set of data that has resulted. In particular, we present results from analysis of inspection data that illustrate the benefits of fully utilizing that data for process improvement at several levels. Examining such data across multiple inspections or projects allows team members to monitor and trigger cross project improvements. Such improvements may focus on the software development processes of the whole organization as well as improvements to the applied inspection process itself.

  10. Analysis of Critical Scientific Software Jacques Carette, Chris George, Zarrin Langari, Mark Lawford, Tom

    E-print Network

    Ostroff, Jonathan S.

    for a medical device. We were provided with a Matlab function from the software for a blood pressure cuff. Goal Software Validation Plan ORF Project (McMaster, York) Analysis of Critical Scientific Software November 11Analysis of Critical Scientific Software Jacques Carette, Chris George, Zarrin Langari, Mark

  11. A Software Development Cost Estimation Model for Higher Level Language Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeanette N. Morgan Peeples

    Project managers and software engineers are responsible for providing reasonable estimates of the projected cost of developing software to a specific set of software specifications. Erroneous cost planning can have disastrous consequences for the firms that under-staff or under schedule projects based on inaccurate estimates of the level of effort required to develop software applications for management information systems. One

  12. Walking the Talk Building Quality into the Software Quality Management Tool

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Girish V. Seshagiri; S. Priya

    2003-01-01

    The market for products whose objective is to improve software project management and software quality management is expected to be large and growing. In this paper, we present data from a software project whose mission is to build a commercial enterprise software project and quality management tool. The data we present include: planned and actual schedule, earned value, size, productivity,

  13. Impact of Computer Software on Advertising Media Courses: A Study of 71 Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Dennis G.; Vaccaro-Lloyd, Carla

    A study evaluated the impact of microcomputers and software in advertising media courses by surveying media planning instructors in 71 (out of 111) colleges and universities. The survey asked instructors to evaluate textbooks, workbooks, and computer software; to assess the impact of software on the media course; and to compare software users with…

  14. Alaska Simulator - A Journey to Planning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weber, Barbara; Pinggera, Jakob; Zugal, Stefan; Wild, Werner

    The Alaska Simulator is an interactive software tool developed at the University of Innsbruck which allows people to test, analyze and improve their own planning behavior. In addition, the Alaska Simulator can be used for studying research questions in the context of software project management and other related fields. Thereby, the Alaska Simulator uses a journey as a metaphor for planning a software project. In the context of software project management the simulator can be used to compare traditional rather plan-driven project management methods with more agile approaches. Instead of pre-planning everything in advance agile approaches spread planning activities throughout the project and provide mechanisms for effectively dealing with uncertainty. The biggest challenge thereby is to find the right balance between pre-planning activities and keeping options open. The Alaska Simulator allows to explore how much planning is needed under different circumstances.

  15. Individualizing for Every Child--Can We Do It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Evelyn A.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses current emphasis on individualization and meeting Head Start Program Performance Standards in this area. Assessment of individual needs, evaluation of information and planning practices comprise the individual approach to learning. Documentation in the form of personalized lesson plans provides a record of health, safety, and nutrition…

  16. A quantitative approach to software process management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christophe Debou; A. Kuntzmann-Combelles; A. Rowe

    1994-01-01

    Describes real experiences of software process management based on the Software Engineering Institute's Capability Maturity Model (SEI CMM) assessment method and the AMI (assess\\/analyse, metricate, improve) approach. The AMI method is a 12-step supported approach to implementing measurement. It ensures benefits for project planning and management, cost-effectiveness and match of quality objectives. The AMI project was partly funded by the

  17. Automated Planning Of Spacecraft Telecommunications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Veregge, John R.; Schwuttke, Ursula M.; Rivera, Monica B.; Murphy, Vickere B.

    1995-01-01

    Computer program known as SWIfT (Software for What-If Telecommunications) is user-friendly, modular, portable, window-based software tool. Accelerates and automates planning of antenna usage for spacecraft telecommunication systems and enables predictions of performances of such systems.

  18. Software Vulnerability Taxonomy Consolidation

    SciTech Connect

    Polepeddi, S

    2004-12-08

    In today's environment, computers and networks are increasing exposed to a number of software vulnerabilities. Information about these vulnerabilities is collected and disseminated via various large publicly available databases such as BugTraq, OSVDB and ICAT. Each of these databases, individually, do not cover all aspects of a vulnerability and lack a standard format among them, making it difficult for end-users to easily compare various vulnerabilities. A central database of vulnerabilities has not been available until today for a number of reasons, such as the non-uniform methods by which current vulnerability database providers receive information, disagreement over which features of a particular vulnerability are important and how best to present them, and the non-utility of the information presented in many databases. The goal of this software vulnerability taxonomy consolidation project is to address the need for a universally accepted vulnerability taxonomy that classifies vulnerabilities in an unambiguous manner. A consolidated vulnerability database (CVDB) was implemented that coalesces and organizes vulnerability data from disparate data sources. Based on the work done in this paper, there is strong evidence that a consolidated taxonomy encompassing and organizing all relevant data can be achieved. However, three primary obstacles remain: lack of referencing a common ''primary key'', un-structured and free-form descriptions of necessary vulnerability data, and lack of data on all aspects of a vulnerability. This work has only considered data that can be unambiguously extracted from various data sources by straightforward parsers. It is felt that even with the use of more advanced, information mining tools, which can wade through the sea of unstructured vulnerability data, this current integration methodology would still provide repeatable, unambiguous, and exhaustive results. Though the goal of coalescing all available data, which would be of use to system administrators, software developers and vulnerability researchers is not yet achieved, this work has resulted in the most exhaustive collection of vulnerability data to date.

  19. Software Configuration Management Guidebook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    The growth in cost and importance of software to NASA has caused NASA to address the improvement of software development across the agency. One of the products of this program is a series of guidebooks that define a NASA concept of the assurance processes which are used in software development. The Software Assurance Guidebook, SMAP-GB-A201, issued in September, 1989, provides an overall picture of the concepts and practices of NASA in software assurance. Lower level guidebooks focus on specific activities that fall within the software assurance discipline, and provide more detailed information for the manager and/or practitioner. This is the Software Configuration Management Guidebook which describes software configuration management in a way that is compatible with practices in industry and at NASA Centers. Software configuration management is a key software development process, and is essential for doing software assurance.

  20. Deep space network software cost estimation model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tausworthe, R. C.

    1981-01-01

    A parametric software cost estimation model prepared for Deep Space Network (DSN) Data Systems implementation tasks is presented. The resource estimation model incorporates principles and data from a number of existing models. The model calibrates task magnitude and difficulty, development environment, and software technology effects through prompted responses to a set of approximately 50 questions. Parameters in the model are adjusted to fit DSN software life cycle statistics. The estimation model output scales a standard DSN Work Breakdown Structure skeleton, which is then input into a PERT/CPM system, producing a detailed schedule and resource budget for the project being planned.

  1. Software management tools: Lessons learned from use

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reifer, D. J.; Valett, J.; Knight, J.; Wenneson, G.

    1985-01-01

    Experience in inserting software project planning tools into more than 100 projects producing mission critical software are discussed. The problems the software project manager faces are listed along with methods and tools available to handle them. Experience is reported with the Project Manager's Workstation (PMW) and the SoftCost-R cost estimating package. Finally, the results of a survey, which looked at what could be done in the future to overcome the problems experienced and build a set of truly useful tools, are presented.

  2. A comparison of software verification techniques

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    A controlled experiment performed by the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) to compare the effectiveness of code reading, functional testing, and structural testing as software verification techniques is described. The experiment results indicate that code reading provides the greatest error detection capability at the lowest cost, whereas structural testing is the least effective technique. The experiment plan is explained, the experiment results are described, related results from other studies are discussed. The application of these results to the development of software in the flight dynamics environment is considered. Appendices summarize the experiment data and list the test programs.

  3. Measures and metrics for software development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The evaluations of and recommendations for the use of software development measures based on the practical and analytical experience of the Software Engineering Laboratory are discussed. The basic concepts of measurement and system of classification for measures are described. The principal classes of measures defined are explicit, analytic, and subjective. Some of the major software measurement schemes appearing in the literature are derived. The applications of specific measures in a production environment are explained. These applications include prediction and planning, review and assessment, and evaluation and selection.

  4. Software distribution using xnetlib

    SciTech Connect

    Dongarra, J.J. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (US). Dept. of Computer Science]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Rowan, T.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Wade, R.C. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (US). Dept. of Computer Science

    1993-06-01

    Xnetlib is a new tool for software distribution. Whereas its predecessor netlib uses e-mail as the user interface to its large collection of public-domain mathematical software, xnetlib uses an X Window interface and socket-based communication. Xnetlib makes it easy to search through a large distributed collection of software and to retrieve requested software in seconds.

  5. Mathematical software production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. R. Cowell; L. D. Fosdick

    1977-01-01

    Locally constructed collections of mathematical routines are gradually being replaced by mathematical software that has been produced for broad dissemination and use. The process of producing such software begins with algorithmic analysis, and proceeds through software construction and documentation to extensive testing and, finally, to distribution and support of the software products. These are demanding and costly activities which require

  6. Handleiding software installatie

    E-print Network

    Galis, Frietson

    Handleiding software installatie Version: 1.0 Windows 7 Date: 18-12-2013 #12;2 Binnen de NUWD omgeving is het mogelijk om specifieke software op uw PC te installeren. Voor andere software kunt u een" is het mogelijk om zelf specifieke software te installeren. In het volgende voorbeeld installeren wij

  7. Scan Software 1 Introduction

    E-print Network

    Alford, Simon

    Scan Software 1 Introduction Scan is a graphical user interface designed to control a confocal microscope BIORAD MRC- 600. The software can acquire simultaneously two channels, scanning an area of 0. In addition, the software can control the stage position and amplifiers setup. The software runs on the Matlab

  8. Software complexity and maintainability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rajiv D. Banker; Srikant M. Datar; Dani Zweig

    1989-01-01

    This paper examines the relationships between software complexity and software maintainability in commercial software environments. Models are proposed for estimating the economic impacts of software complexity and for identifying the factors which affect a system's complexity. Empirical work currently under way has shown these models to be implementable.

  9. SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COMPUTER SCIENCE

    E-print Network

    Bone, Gary

    SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COMPUTER SCIENCE ... What's the Difference? goeng1@mcmaster.ca www). Software Engineering covers the course content listed under Computer Science, with some additions. Software). Software Engineering students will graduate with a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng). Computer Science

  10. Improving software quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon Wheeler; Sheryl Duggins

    1998-01-01

    This paper examines how organizations are pursuing software quality. The utilization of Software Quality Assurance departments as a means to improving software quality is investigated. A ten step program on building an effective SQA department is presented. The research investigates whether organizations with SQA departments produce better quality software products than organizations without SQA departments.

  11. Software development lifecycle models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nayan B. Ruparelia

    2010-01-01

    This history column article provides a tour of the main software development life cycle (SDLC) models. (A lifecycle covers all the stages of software from its inception with requirements definition through to fielding and maintenance.) System development lifecycle models have drawn heavily on software and so the two terms can be used interchangeably in terms of SDLC, especially since software

  12. Ontologies and Software Engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dragan Gaševi?; Nima Kaviani; Milan Milanovi?

    \\u000a The chapter analyzes the state of the art in the use of ontologies for various software engineering tasks. The chapter starts\\u000a from defining software engineering as an application context for ontologies. Next, it introduces a framework that identifies\\u000a places in software lifecycle where ontologies can contribute to improvethe current state of software engineering.

  13. Agile Software Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biju, Soly Mathew

    2008-01-01

    Many software development firms are now adopting the agile software development method. This method involves the customer at every level of software development, thus reducing the impact of change in the requirement at a later stage. In this article, the principles of the agile method for software development are explored and there is a focus on…

  14. Software component reliability analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William W. Everett

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes an approach to analyzing software reliability using component analysis. It walks through a 6-step procedure for performing software component reliability analysis. The analysis can begin prior to testing the software and can help in selecting testing strategies. It uses the Extended Execution Time (EET) reliability growth model at the software component level. The paper describes how to

  15. SWTK. Software Tracking Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Laurie Harness; Laural McGilvery [SSC Laboratory, Information Services (United States)

    1994-09-27

    The Software Tracking System was used to track single user software licenses and MacRanch (Keyserver) licenses at the SSCL. Information retained on software concerned the identification and the issuee for each license. During the SSCL termination, the application will record the final distribution of the software per DOE orders.

  16. PYTHAGORAS: Multienvironment Software

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vladimir V. Prokhorov

    1995-01-01

    The research is devoted to the problems of visual interfaces and hierarchical multilanguage technologies in HCI. The PYTHAGORAS software is based on graph representations and a hierarchical approach. The software may be used for the development of multienvironment software and as hyper world for students. Characteristic features of the PYTHAGORAS software include a preference for graphic descriptions with animation and

  17. Educational Software Directory

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Educational Software Directory.net is an online directory that provides information on various software programs used in education. The website is hosted by KnowPlay, an online software store, which charges software makers to have their information posted here. The collection of programs and related websites can be searched using keywords or browsed by topic areas, which are: Children's, Games, Language Arts, Math, Multimedia, Music, Reference, Science, Social Studies, Special Needs, Teacher's, and Training. Other sections of the website provide links to organizations that offer online reviews of educational software, publishers of educational software, educational organizations involved in educational software, and online magazines, news sources, and related resources.

  18. Development of visual 3D virtual environment for control software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hirose, Michitaka; Myoi, Takeshi; Amari, Haruo; Inamura, Kohei; Stark, Lawrence

    1991-01-01

    Virtual environments for software visualization may enable complex programs to be created and maintained. A typical application might be for control of regional electric power systems. As these encompass broader computer networks than ever, construction of such systems becomes very difficult. Conventional text-oriented environments are useful in programming individual processors. However, they are obviously insufficient to program a large and complicated system, that includes large numbers of computers connected to each other; such programming is called 'programming in the large.' As a solution for this problem, the authors are developing a graphic programming environment wherein one can visualize complicated software in virtual 3D world. One of the major features of the environment is the 3D representation of concurrent process. 3D representation is used to supply both network-wide interprocess programming capability (capability for 'programming in the large') and real-time programming capability. The authors' idea is to fuse both the block diagram (which is useful to check relationship among large number of processes or processors) and the time chart (which is useful to check precise timing for synchronization) into a single 3D space. The 3D representation gives us a capability for direct and intuitive planning or understanding of complicated relationship among many concurrent processes. To realize the 3D representation, a technology to enable easy handling of virtual 3D object is a definite necessity. Using a stereo display system and a gesture input device (VPL DataGlove), our prototype of the virtual workstation has been implemented. The workstation can supply the 'sensation' of the virtual 3D space to a programmer. Software for the 3D programming environment is implemented on the workstation. According to preliminary assessments, a 50 percent reduction of programming effort is achieved by using the virtual 3D environment. The authors expect that the 3D environment has considerable potential in the field of software engineering.

  19. Software Process Improvement Initiatives Based on Quality Assurance Strategies: A QATAM Pilot Application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winkler, Dietmar; Elberzhager, Frank; Biffl, Stefan; Eschbach, Robert

    Quality Assurance (QA) strategies, i.e., bundles of verification and validation approaches embedded within a balanced software process can support project and quality managers in systematically planning and implementing improvement initiatives. New and modified processes and methods come up frequently that seems promising candidates for improvement. Nevertheless, the impact of processes and methods strongly depends on individual project contexts. A major challenge is how to systematically select and implement "bestpractices" for product construction, verification, and validation. In this paper we present the Quality Assurance Tradeoff Analysis Method (QATAM) that supports engineers in (a) systematically identifying candidate QA strategies and (b) evaluating QA strategy variants in a given project context. We evaluate feasibility and usefulness in a pilot application in a medium-size software engineering organization. Main results were that QATAM was considered useful for identifying and evaluating various improvement initiatives applicable for large organizations as well as for small and medium enterprises.

  20. Developing sustainable software solutions for bioinformatics by the “ Butterfly” paradigm

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Zeeshan; Zeeshan, Saman; Dandekar, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Software design and sustainable software engineering are essential for the long-term development of bioinformatics software. Typical challenges in an academic environment are short-term contracts, island solutions, pragmatic approaches and loose documentation. Upcoming new challenges are big data, complex data sets, software compatibility and rapid changes in data representation. Our approach to cope with these challenges consists of iterative intertwined cycles of development (“ Butterfly” paradigm) for key steps in scientific software engineering. User feedback is valued as well as software planning in a sustainable and interoperable way. Tool usage should be easy and intuitive. A middleware supports a user-friendly Graphical User Interface (GUI) as well as a database/tool development independently. We validated the approach of our own software development and compared the different design paradigms in various software solutions. PMID:25383181

  1. Frame-based knowledge representation for processing planning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lindsay, K. J.

    An Expert System is being developed to perform generative process planning for individual parts fabricated from extruded and sheet metal materials, and for bonded metal assemblies. The system employs a frame-based knowledge representation structure and production rules to generate detailed fabrication and processing instructions. The system is being developed using the InterLISP-D language, commercially available expert system development software and a dedicated LISP machine. The paper describes the knowledge-based representation and reasoning techniques applied within the system and pertinent development issues.

  2. Administering Individualized Education. Questions, Issues, Suggestions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palola, Ernest G.

    Individualized education works well for a particular type of student and faculty member. If you go beyond this type of student and faculty member, you run head-on into serious administrative and planning problems. In short, students are unsure and often confused about their role in individualized education. It seems that (1) students need thorough…

  3. Integrated Dynamic Process Planning and Scheduling in Flexible Manufacturing Systems via Autonomous Agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nejad, Hossein Tehrani Nik; Sugimura, Nobuhiro; Iwamura, Koji; Tanimizu, Yoshitaka

    Process planning and scheduling are important manufacturing planning activities which deal with resource utilization and time span of manufacturing operations. The process plans and the schedules generated in the planning phase shall be modified in the execution phase due to the disturbances in the manufacturing systems. This paper deals with a multi-agent architecture of an integrated and dynamic system for process planning and scheduling for multi jobs. A negotiation protocol is discussed, in this paper, to generate the process plans and the schedules of the manufacturing resources and the individual jobs, dynamically and incrementally, based on the alternative manufacturing processes. The alternative manufacturing processes are presented by the process plan networks discussed in the previous paper, and the suitable process plans and schedules are searched and generated to cope with both the dynamic status and the disturbances of the manufacturing systems. We initiatively combine the heuristic search algorithms of the process plan networks with the negotiation protocols, in order to generate suitable process plans and schedules in the dynamic manufacturing environment. A simulation software has been developed to carry out case studies, aimed at verifying the performance of the proposed multi-agent architecture.

  4. Complementing software pipelining with software thread integration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Won So; Alexander G. Dean

    2005-01-01

    Software pipelining is a critical optimization for producing efficient code for VLIW\\/EPIC and superscalar processors in high-performance embedded applications such as digital signal processing. Software thread integration (STI) can often improve the performance of looping code in cases where software pipelining performs poorly or fails. This paper examines both situations, presenting methods to determine what and when to integrate.We evaluate

  5. Practical Laboratory Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, W. R.

    This book is intended as a guide for people who are planning chemistry and physics research laboratories. It deals with the importance of effective communication between client and architect, the value of preliminary planning, and the role of the project officer. It also discusses the size and layout of individual laboratories, the design of…

  6. Publishing Platform for Scientific Software - Lessons Learned

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hammitzsch, Martin; Fritzsch, Bernadette; Reusser, Dominik; Brembs, Björn; Deinzer, Gernot; Loewe, Peter; Fenner, Martin; van Edig, Xenia; Bertelmann, Roland; Pampel, Heinz; Klump, Jens; Wächter, Joachim

    2015-04-01

    Scientific software has become an indispensable commodity for the production, processing and analysis of empirical data but also for modelling and simulation of complex processes. Software has a significant influence on the quality of research results. For strengthening the recognition of the academic performance of scientific software development, for increasing its visibility and for promoting the reproducibility of research results, concepts for the publication of scientific software have to be developed, tested, evaluated, and then transferred into operations. For this, the publication and citability of scientific software have to fulfil scientific criteria by means of defined processes and the use of persistent identifiers, similar to data publications. The SciForge project is addressing these challenges. Based on interviews a blueprint for a scientific software publishing platform and a systematic implementation plan has been designed. In addition, the potential of journals, software repositories and persistent identifiers have been evaluated to improve the publication and dissemination of reusable software solutions. It is important that procedures for publishing software as well as methods and tools for software engineering are reflected in the architecture of the platform, in order to improve the quality of the software and the results of research. In addition, it is necessary to work continuously on improving specific conditions that promote the adoption and sustainable utilization of scientific software publications. Among others, this would include policies for the development and publication of scientific software in the institutions but also policies for establishing the necessary competencies and skills of scientists and IT personnel. To implement the concepts developed in SciForge a combined bottom-up / top-down approach is considered that will be implemented in parallel in different scientific domains, e.g. in earth sciences, climate research and the life sciences. Based on the developed blueprints a scientific software publishing platform will be iteratively implemented, tested, and evaluated. Thus the platform should be developed continuously on the basis of gained experiences and results. The platform services will be extended one by one corresponding to the requirements of the communities. Thus the implemented platform for the publication of scientific software can be improved and stabilized incrementally as a tool with software, science, publishing, and user oriented features.

  7. Individuals with Autism can Categorize Facial Expressions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle Homer; M. D. Rutherford

    2008-01-01

    The ability of high-functioning individuals with autism to perceive facial expressions categorically was studied using eight facial expression continua created via morphing software. Participants completed a delayed matching task and an identification task. Like undergraduate male participants (N = 12), performance on the identification task for participants with autism (N = 15) was predicted by performance on the delayed matching

  8. MEDIC: Medical embedded device for individualized care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Winston H. Wu; Alex A. T. Bui; Maxim A. Batalin; Lawrence K. Au; Jonathan D. Binney; William J. Kaiser

    2008-01-01

    Summary Objective: Presented work highlights the development and initial validation of a medical embedded device for individualized care (MEDIC), which is based on a novel software architecture, enabling sensor management and disease prediction capabil- ities, and commercially available microelectronic components, sensors and conven- tional personal digital assistant (PDA) (or a cell phone). Methods and materials: In this paper, we present

  9. Educational Software Engineering: Where Software Engineering, Education, and Gaming Meet

    E-print Network

    Xie, Tao

    Educational Software Engineering: Where Software Engineering, Education, and Gaming Meet Tao Xie and advocate the subfield of educational software engineering (i.e., software engineering for education), which develops software engineering technologies (e.g., software testing and analysis, software analytics

  10. The Guide to the Software Engineering Body of Knowledge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Bourque; Robert Dupuis; Alain Abran; James W. Moore; Leonard L. Tripp

    1999-01-01

    Reporting on the SWEBOK project, the authors-who represent the project's editorial team-discuss the three-phase plan to characterize a body of knowledge, a vital step toward developing software engineering as a profession

  11. Towards a Definition of Sustainability in and for Software Engineering

    E-print Network

    Cengarle, María Victoria

    % within 12 months recycle packaging for own shipping design partially offline of a long-term business plan Maintenance Process Aspect (Knowledge management) Function: to maintain Aspect (Knowledge management) Function: to maintain and evolve a software system with minimized

  12. Towards Individualized Software Engineering: Empirical Studies Should Collect Psychometrics

    E-print Network

    Feldt, Robert

    --complexity mea- sures, performance measures ; J.4 [Social and Behavioral Sciences]: Psychology General Terms available, i.e. that are already in the project or team. The knowledge, abilities, attitudes

  13. Maximizing the Use of Electronic Individualized Education Program Software

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    More, Cori M.; Hart, Juliet E.

    2013-01-01

    With the growing use of technology in today's schools, electronic IEP programs are being adopted by many school districts around the nation as part of special education service delivery. These programs provide a useful technology that can facilitate compliance with IDEA requirements in IEP development while concurrently lessening teacher…

  14. Controlling Distributed Planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clement, Bradley; Barrett, Anthony

    2004-01-01

    A system of software implements an extended version of an approach, denoted shared activity coordination (SHAC), to the interleaving of planning and the exchange of plan information among organizations devoted to different missions that normally communicate infrequently except that they need to collaborate on joint activities and/or the use of shared resources. SHAC enables the planning and scheduling systems of the organizations to coordinate by resolving conflicts while optimizing local planning solutions. The present software provides a framework for modeling and executing communication protocols for SHAC. Shared activities are represented in each interacting planning system to establish consensus on joint activities or to inform the other systems of consumption of a common resource or a change in a shared state. The representations of shared activities are extended to include information on (1) the role(s) of each participant, (2) permissions (defined as specifications of which participant controls what aspects of shared activities and scheduling thereof), and (3) constraints on the parameters of shared activities. Also defined in the software are protocols for changing roles, permissions, and constraints during the course of coordination and execution.

  15. Reconfigurable Software for Controlling Formation Flying

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mueller, Joseph B.

    2006-01-01

    Software for a system to control the trajectories of multiple spacecraft flying in formation is being developed to reflect underlying concepts of (1) a decentralized approach to guidance and control and (2) reconfigurability of the control system, including reconfigurability of the software and of control laws. The software is organized as a modular network of software tasks. The computational load for both determining relative trajectories and planning maneuvers is shared equally among all spacecraft in a cluster. The flexibility and robustness of the software are apparent in the fact that tasks can be added, removed, or replaced during flight. In a computational simulation of a representative formation-flying scenario, it was demonstrated that the following are among the services performed by the software: Uploading of commands from a ground station and distribution of the commands among the spacecraft, Autonomous initiation and reconfiguration of formations, Autonomous formation of teams through negotiations among the spacecraft, Working out details of high-level commands (e.g., shapes and sizes of geometrically complex formations), Implementation of a distributed guidance law providing autonomous optimization and assignment of target states, and Implementation of a decentralized, fuel-optimal, impulsive control law for planning maneuvers.

  16. Software For Clear-Air Doppler-Radar Display

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnston, Bruce W.

    1990-01-01

    System of software developed to present plan-position-indicator scans of clear-air Doppler radar station on color graphical cathode-ray-tube display. Designed to incorporate latest accepted standards for equipment, computer programs, and meteorological data bases. Includes use of Ada programming language, of "Graphical-Kernel-System-like" graphics interface, and of Common Doppler Radar Exchange Format. Features include portability and maintainability. Use of Ada software packages produced number of software modules reused on other related projects.

  17. Fitness Day. Lesson Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNamara, Jeanne

    This lesson plan introduces students to the concept of supply and demand by appealing to bodily/kinesthetic intelligences. Students participate in a fitness class and then analyze the economic motives behind making an individual feel better after a fitness activity; i.e., analyzing how much an individual would pay for a drink and snack after a…

  18. MECA: Software process improvement for small organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Nawazish Khokhar; A. Mansoor; S. U. Rehman; A. Rauf

    2010-01-01

    Today many large, medium and small companies face complication in instituting a quality improvement programme. In contrast, we can observe that unlike large organizations, small companies find it generally complicated to implement and adjust to quality improvement plans. This is further complex since most software quality models such as capability maturity model and spice primarily addresses the requirements of large

  19. Tech Trek: Software that makes the grade

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Edwin P. Christmann

    2004-07-01

    As you make plans for the upcoming school year, consider reviewing one of the many gradebook software packages that are available for organizing and computing your classroom grades. Many different packages are available (see Figure 1) which range in price from free to over $100. This article discusses some of the most popular options.

  20. PROMOTIONS: PROper MOTION Software

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caleb Wherry, John; Sahai, R.

    2009-05-01

    We report on the development of a software tool (PROMOTIONS) to streamline the process of measuring proper motions of material in expanding nebulae. Our tool makes use of IDL's widget programming capabilities to design a unique GUI that is used to compare images of the objects from two epochs. The software allows us to first orient and register the images to a common frame of reference and pixel scale, using field stars in each of the images. We then cross-correlate specific morphological features in order to determine their proper motions, which consist of the proper motion of the nebula as a whole (PM-neb), and expansion motions of the features relative to the center. If the central star is not visible (quite common in bipolar nebulae with dense dusty waists), point-symmetric expansion is assumed and we use the average motion of high-quality symmetric pairs of features on opposite sides of the nebular center to compute PM-neb. This is then subtracted out to determine the individual movements of these and additional features relative to the nebular center. PROMOTIONS should find wide applicability in measuring proper motions in astrophysical objects such as the expanding outflows/jets commonly seen around young and dying stars. We present first results from using PROMOTIONS to successfully measure proper motions in several pre-planetary nebulae (transition objects between the red giant and planetary nebula phases), using images taken 7-10 years apart with the WFPC2 and ACS instruments on board HST. The authors are grateful to NASA's Undergradute Scholars Research Program (USRP) for supporting this research.

  1. Discouraging Software Piracy Using Software Aging

    E-print Network

    ], the computer industry loses $11 billion annually to piracy, with 40 percent of all software programs pirated by making it less economically viable. The threat that we address here is that in which a pirate obtains that is performed "for the fame of it", but focus on the problem in which pirated software is distributed

  2. COLLAGEN: A Collaboration Manager for Software Interface Agents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles Rich; Candace L. Sidner

    1998-01-01

    We have implemented an application-independent collaboration manager, called Collagen, based on the SharedPlan theory of discourse, and used it to build a software interface agent for a simple air travel application. The software agent provides intelligent, mixed initiative assistance without requiring natural language understanding. A key benefit of the collaboration manager is the automatic construction of an interaction history which

  3. A Systematic Approach to Creating and Maintaining Software Documentation

    E-print Network

    French, James C.

    UVA A Systematic Approach to Creating and Maintaining Software Documentation Allison L. Powell CODE INTERFACE BROWSING INTERFACE STATUS FUTURE PLANS WHY SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION AS AN APPLICATION AREA responses to queries. RESOURCE-INTENSIVE, BUT RESULTS ARE OFTEN INADEQUATE OR INAPPROPRIATE · Document

  4. A Systematic Approach to Creating and Maintaining Software Documentation

    E-print Network

    French, James C.

    UVA A Systematic Approach to Creating and Maintaining Software Documentation Allison L. Powell SOURCE CODE INTERFACE BROWSING INTERFACE STATUS FUTURE PLANS WHY SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION AS AN APPLICATION OR INAPPROPRIATE . Document publishing systems: ­ e.g. FrameMaker, Interleaf ­ Make it easier to deal with large

  5. The impact of Ada on software project organization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan A. Goerner

    1985-01-01

    The impact of Ado adoption on software productivity, quality, and cost is discussed. Six fundamental problems revolving around the topic of Ado training are identified and their consequences presented. The conclusion is drawn that the supply of truly Ado-competent software engineers will continue to be small despite training efforts currently planned. Oiven this situation, it is deduced that an essential

  6. Fuzzy Logic Systems for Software Development Effort Estimation Based

    E-print Network

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    Fuzzy Logic Systems for Software Development Effort Estimation Based Upon Clustering of Programs-Tornes Electronics, Robotics and Automotive Mechanics Conference(CERMA), 2006 2008. 9. 10 Yeong-Seok Seo #12; KAIST to estimate and plan your work Allow to understand your current ability to develop software Give

  7. Measuring the Performance of ERP Software - a Balanced Scorecard Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Rosemann; Jens Wiese

    The management of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Software includes two main tasks: the implementation and the use of this comprehensive software. The Balanced Scorecard, a framework originally developed in order to structure the performance measurement of an enterprise or a department, can be used for the evaluation of these tasks. Adapting the approach of the Balanced Scorecard and adding a

  8. GENII Version 2 Software Design Document

    SciTech Connect

    Napier, Bruce A.; Strenge, Dennis L.; Ramsdell, James V.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Fosmire, Christian J.

    2004-03-08

    This document describes the architectural design for the GENII-V2 software package. This document defines details of the overall structure of the software, the major software components, their data file interfaces, and specific mathematical models to be used. The design represents a translation of the requirements into a description of the software structure, software components, interfaces, and necessary data. The design focuses on the major components and data communication links that are key to the implementation of the software within the operating framework. The purpose of the GENII-V2 software package is to provide the capability to perform dose and risk assessments of environmental releases of radionuclides. The software also has the capability of calculating environmental accumulation and radiation doses from surface water, groundwater, and soil (buried waste) media when an input concentration of radionuclide in these media is provided. This report represents a detailed description of the capabilities of the software product with exact specifications of mathematical models that form the basis for the software implementation and testing efforts. This report also presents a detailed description of the overall structure of the software package, details of main components (implemented in the current phase of work), details of data communication files, and content of basic output reports. The GENII system includes the capabilities for calculating radiation doses following chronic and acute releases. Radionuclide transport via air, water, or biological activity may be considered. Air transport options include both puff and plume models, each allow use of an effective stack height or calculation of plume rise from buoyant or momentum effects (or both). Building wake effects can be included in acute atmospheric release scenarios. The code provides risk estimates for health effects to individuals or populations; these can be obtained using the code by applying appropriate risk factors to the effective dose equivalent or organ dose. In addition, Version 2 uses cancer risk factors from Federal Guidance Report 13 to estimate risk to specific organs or tissues.

  9. Software economics: status and prospects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry W. Boehm; Kevin J. Sullivan

    1999-01-01

    1. Overview Software is valuable when it produces information in a manner that enables people and systems to meet their objec- tives more effectively. Software engineering techniques have value when they enable software developers to build more valuable software. Software economics is the sub-field of software engineering that seeks improvements which enable software engineers to reason more effectively about important

  10. Copyright Cem Kaner, 2000. Checklist for Software Testing Outsourcing Page 1 An Outline for Software Testing Outsourcing1

    E-print Network

    Copyright © Cem Kaner, 2000. Checklist for Software Testing Outsourcing Page 1 An Outline for Software Testing Outsourcing1 Cem Kaner, J.D., Ph.D.2 Draft 6, revises the STAR draft Copyright © March, 2000 This document is intended as an issues list for planning and negotiating an outsourcing

  11. 3/10/2014 Lesson Plan https://ivle.nus.edu.sg/LessonPlan/student/stdlessonplan.aspx?ClickFrom=outline&Preview=Y&LesPlanID=e16904c7-88e1-44c6-a202-6f51c5a6d702&Cour... 1/4

    E-print Network

    Roychoudhury, Abhik

    3/10/2014 Lesson Plan https://ivle.nus.edu.sg/LessonPlan/student/stdlessonplan.aspx?ClickFrom=outline&Preview=Y&LesPlan Discussion Forum Lesson Plan Multimedia Project Workbin Library E-Reserves Lesson Plan : SOFTWARE TESTING;3/10/2014 Lesson Plan https://ivle.nus.edu.sg/LessonPlan/student/stdlessonplan.aspx?ClickFrom=outline&Preview=Y&LesPlan

  12. Guidelines for software inspections

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    Quality control inspections are software problem finding procedures which provide defect removal as well as improvements in software functionality, maintenance, quality, and development and testing methodology is discussed. The many side benefits include education, documentation, training, and scheduling.

  13. Engineering secure software 

    E-print Network

    Jetly, Prateek

    2001-01-01

    In recent years computer software has gained notoriety for the endemic nature of security problems in software. These problems have been exploited with malicious intent by attackers. Most attempts at fixing these problems have been after...

  14. Software complexity measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph P. Kearney; Robert L. Sedlmeyer; William B. Thompson; Michael A. Gray; Michael A. Adler

    1986-01-01

    Inappropriate use of software complexity measures can have large, damaging effects by rewarding poor programming practices and demoralizing good programmers. Software complexity measures must be critically evaluated to determine the ways in which they can best be used.

  15. Software engineering environment tool set integration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Selfridge, William P.

    1986-01-01

    Space Transportation System Division (STSD) Engineering has a program to promote excellence within the engineering function. This program resulted in a capital funded facility based on a VAX cluster called the Rockwell Operational Engineering System (ROSES). The second phase of a three phase plan to establish an integrated software engineering environment for ROSES is examined. It discusses briefly phase one which establishes the basic capability for a modern software development environment to include a tool set, training and standards. Phase two is a tool set integration. The tool set is primarily off-the-shelf tools acquired through vendors or government agencies (public domain). These tools were placed into categories of software development. These categories are: requirements, design, and construction support; verification and validation support; and software management support. The integration of the tool set is being performed through concept prototyping and development of tools specifically designed to support the life cycle and provide transition from one phase to the next.

  16. Reuseable Objects Software Environment (ROSE): Introduction to Air Force Software Reuse Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cottrell, William L.

    1994-01-01

    The Reusable Objects Software Environment (ROSE) is a common, consistent, consolidated implementation of software functionality using modern object oriented software engineering including designed-in reuse and adaptable requirements. ROSE is designed to minimize abstraction and reduce complexity. A planning model for the reverse engineering of selected objects through object oriented analysis is depicted. Dynamic and functional modeling are used to develop a system design, the object design, the language, and a database management system. The return on investment for a ROSE pilot program and timelines are charted.

  17. Software Carpentry and the Hydrological Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmadia, A. J.; Kees, C. E.; Farthing, M. W.

    2013-12-01

    Scientists are spending an increasing amount of time building and using hydrology software. However, most scientists are never taught how to do this efficiently. As a result, many are unaware of tools and practices that would allow them to write more reliable and maintainable code with less effort. As hydrology models increase in capability and enter use by a growing number of scientists and their communities, it is important that the scientific software development practices scale up to meet the challenges posed by increasing software complexity, lengthening software lifecycles, a growing number of stakeholders and contributers, and a broadened developer base that extends from application domains to high performance computing centers. Many of these challenges in complexity, lifecycles, and developer base have been successfully met by the open source community, and there are many lessons to be learned from their experiences and practices. Additionally, there is much wisdom to be found in the results of research studies conducted on software engineering itself. Software Carpentry aims to bridge the gap between the current state of software development and these known best practices for scientific software development, with a focus on hands-on exercises and practical advice based on the following principles: 1. Write programs for people, not computers. 2. Automate repetitive tasks 3. Use the computer to record history 4. Make incremental changes 5. Use version control 6. Don't repeat yourself (or others) 7. Plan for mistakes 8. Optimize software only after it works 9. Document design and purpose, not mechanics 10. Collaborate We discuss how these best practices, arising from solid foundations in research and experience, have been shown to help improve scientist's productivity and the reliability of their software.

  18. A Process-Agent Construction Method for Software Process Modeling in SoftPM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qing Wang; Junchao Xiao; Mingshu Li; M. Wasif Nisar; Rong Yuan; Lei Zhang

    2006-01-01

    \\u000a Software development, unlike manufacturing industry, is highly dependent on the capabilities of individual software engineers\\u000a and software development teams. SEI presents PSP and TSP to establish personal and team capabilities in the software process,\\u000a to maintain them and assist organizations in conducting CMMI-Based process improvement. Thus, executors’ capabilities should\\u000a be taken into account as a key issue of the software

  19. Java for flight software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benowitz, E.; Niessner, A.

    2003-01-01

    This work involves developing representative mission-critical spacecraft software using the Real-Time Specification for Java (RTSJ). This work currently leverages actual flight software used in the design of actual flight software in the NASA's Deep Space 1 (DSI), which flew in 1998.

  20. IBM Software Cross Industries

    E-print Network

    IBM Software Cross Industries IBM Software Services for Lotus Accelerating your success with Lotus and WebSphere Portal technology #12;2 IBM Software Services for Lotus Highlights Our mission to your business as possible. We offer solutions for every aspect of your Lotus® or WebSphere® Portal