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1

Trimble's GPS Planning Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage from Trimble provides a free download of their GPS planning software. The tool is described as "a powerful stand-alone software tool supporting any form of analysis to determine visibility for GPS, GLONASS, IGSO and geostationary satellites." Features of the software include station location, multi station planning, Sky plots, DOP charts and visible satellites.

2011-09-13

2

Sandia software guidelines: Software quality planning  

SciTech Connect

This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines intended for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. In consonance with the IEEE Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans, this volume identifies procedures to follow in producing a Software Quality Assurance Plan for an organization or a project, and provides an example project SQA plan. 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1987-08-01

3

MESA Individual Academic Plan 1 MESA Individual Academic Plan  

E-print Network

of Honor or Award Academic Other mo./yr. Extracurricular Activities (school activities, clubs and sportsMESA Individual Academic Plan 1 MESA Individual Academic Plan Student Name: School: GPA for both) Course: Course: Course: #12;MESA Individual Academic Plan 2 Student Name: School: Community

Wang, Hai

4

Individualized Healthcare Plans for the School Nurse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource sets the standard for school nurses concerning the formulation of individualized healthcare plans designed to fit the unique health needs of students. Eighteen chapters focus on special issues and school nursing concepts. Computer software, which accompanies the manual, assists in the development and creation of individualized

American School Health Association (NJ3), 2005

2005-01-01

5

Software Development Plan for DESCARTES and CIDER  

SciTech Connect

This Software Development Plan (SDP) outlines all software activities required to obtain functional environmental accumulation and individual dose codes for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) project. The modeling activities addressed use the output of the air transport-code HATCHET to compute radionuclide concentrations in environmental pathways, and continue on through calculations of dose for individuals. The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project has a deliverable in the June 1993 time frame to be able to start computing doses to individuals from nuclear-related activities on the Hanford Site during and following World War II. The CIDER code will compute doses and their uncertainties for individuals living in the contaminated environment computed by DESCARTES. The projected size of the code is 3000 lines.

Eslinger, P.W.

1992-12-08

6

Individualized Education Plan (IEP).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides Tennessee educators with step by step procedures for completing Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for students with disabilities. It begins by discussing the purpose of the IEP and providing an overview of federal law provisions governing IEPs. The following pages describe each provision of the IEP and list points to…

Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville. Div. of Special Education.

7

TWRS systems engineering software configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan delineates the requirements for control of software developed and supported by the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Technical Integration organization. The information contained in this plan shall assist employees involved with software modification and configuration control.

Porter, P.E.

1996-10-09

8

Payload software technology: Software technology development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Programmatic requirements for the advancement of software technology are identified for meeting the space flight requirements in the 1980 to 1990 time period. The development items are described, and software technology item derivation worksheets are presented along with the cost/time/priority assessments.

1977-01-01

9

Software Engineering Improvement Activities/Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

bd Systems personnel accomplished the technical responsibilities for this reporting period, as planned. A close working relationship was maintained with personnel of the MSFC Avionics Department Software Group (ED14). Work accomplishments included development, evaluation, and enhancement of a software cost model, performing literature search and evaluation of software tools available for code analysis and requirements analysis, and participating in other relevant software engineering activities. Monthly reports were submitted. This support was provided to the Flight Software Group/ED 1 4 in accomplishing the software engineering improvement engineering activities of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Software Engineering Improvement Plan.

2003-01-01

10

Software quality assurance plans for safety-critical software  

SciTech Connect

Application software is defined as safety-critical if a fault in the software could prevent the system components from performing their nuclear-safety functions. Therefore, for nuclear-safety systems, the AREVA TELEPERM{sup R} XS (TXS) system is classified 1E, as defined in the Inst. of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Std 603-1998. The application software is classified as Software Integrity Level (SIL)-4, as defined in IEEE Std 7-4.3.2-2003. The AREVA NP Inc. Software Program Manual (SPM) describes the measures taken to ensure that the TELEPERM XS application software attains a level of quality commensurate with its importance to safety. The manual also describes how TELEPERM XS correctly performs the required safety functions and conforms to established technical and documentation requirements, conventions, rules, and standards. The program manual covers the requirements definition, detailed design, integration, and test phases for the TELEPERM XS application software, and supporting software created by AREVA NP Inc. The SPM is required for all safety-related TELEPERM XS system applications. The program comprises several basic plans and practices: 1. A Software Quality-Assurance Plan (SQAP) that describes the processes necessary to ensure that the software attains a level of quality commensurate with its importance to safety function. 2. A Software Safety Plan (SSP) that identifies the process to reasonably ensure that safety-critical software performs as intended during all abnormal conditions and events, and does not introduce any new hazards that could jeopardize the health and safety of the public. 3. A Software Verification and Validation (V and V) Plan that describes the method of ensuring the software is in accordance with the requirements. 4. A Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) that describes the method of maintaining the software in an identifiable state at all times. 5. A Software Operations and Maintenance Plan (SO and MP) that describes software-related practices after delivery to a customer. Some of these plans are supported by IEEE standards endorsed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in its regulatory guides. For example, the Verification and Validation Plan follows the format and content guidance of IEEE Std. 1012-1998, as endorsed by RG 1.168. Where format and content guidance is not provided by industry standards, the requirements are outlined in the SPM. This paper addresses the SQAP. The other aspects of the SPM are not included (i.e., Software V and V, SCMP, etc.). The SQAP follows the applicable format and content guidance in IEEE Std. 730-2002, and incorporates the applicable QA requirements from IEEE Std. 336-1977, with respect to inspection and testing, up to and including factory acceptance testing. (authors)

Liddle, P. [AREVA NP Inc., AREVA, Siemens Company, 1345 Ridgeland Parkway, Alpharetta, GA 30004 (United States)

2006-07-01

11

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...shall adopt a software management control plan for its signal...completion of the software management control plan, each railroad...this section, “software management control plan” means...describe how the proper software configuration is to be identified...

2010-10-01

12

Software quality assurance plan for GCS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The software quality assurance (SQA) function for the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project which is part of a software error studies research program is described. The SQA plan outlines all of the procedures, controls, and audits to be carried out by the SQA organization to ensure adherence to the policies, procedures, and standards for the GCS project.

Duncan, Stephen E.; Bailey, Elizabeth K.

1990-01-01

13

GCS plan for software aspects of certification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) research project being sponsored by NASA to evaluate the failure processes of software, standard industry software development procedures are being employed. To ensure that these procedures are authentic, the guidelines outlined in the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA/DO-178A document entitled, software considerations in airborne systems and equipment certification, were adopted. A major aspect of these guidelines is proper documentation. As such, this report, the plan for software aspects of certification, was produced in accordance with DO-178A. An overview is given of the GCS research project, including the goals of the project, project organization, and project schedules. It also specifies the plans for all aspects of the project which relate to the certification of the GCS implementations developed under a NASA contract. These plans include decisions made regarding the software specification, accuracy requirements, configuration management, implementation development and verification, and the development of the GCS simulator.

Shagnea, Anita M.; Lowman, Douglas S.; Withers, B. Edward

1990-01-01

14

Planning the Software Industrial Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author traces the US history of invention and technology transfer from the 1700s to the present and asks whether software development can stop being a process-centered cottage industry by the application of interchangeable parts technology. He maintains that a revolution is needed to accomplish this and outlines the steps of such a revolution. The author clarifies the meaning of

Brad J. Cox

1990-01-01

15

HotSpot Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the software configuration management procedures used to ensure that the HotSpot dispersion model meets the requirements of its user base, which includes: (1) Users of the PC version of HotSpot for consequence assessment, hazard assessment and safety analysis calculations; and (2) Users of the NARAC Web and iClient software tools, which allow users to run HotSpot for consequence assessment modeling These users and sponsors of the HotSpot software and the organizations they represent constitute the intended audience for this document. This plan is intended to meet Critical Recommendations 1 and 3 from the Software Evaluation of HotSpot and DOE Safety Software Toolbox Recommendation for inclusion of HotSpot in the Department of Energy (DOE) Safety Software Toolbox. HotSpot software is maintained for the Department of Energy Office of Emergency Operations by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). An overview of HotSpot and NARAC are provided.

Walker, H; Homann, S G

2009-03-12

16

A Review of Current Computer Software for the Development of Individualized Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews computer software designed for the development, management, and updating of Individual Educational Plans (IEPs) for disabled students. Selection criteria required that the software perform multiple tasks related to the writing of IEPs, be appropriate for use in a medium-sized school district, and be appropriate for a severely…

Munger, Gail

17

HotSpot Software Test Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Test Plan (STP) describes the procedures used to verify and validate that the HotSpot Health Physics Codes meet the requirements of its user base, which includes: (1) Users of the PC version of HotSpot conducting consequence assessment, hazard assessment and safety analysis calculations; and (2) Users of the NARAC Web and iClient software tools, which allow users to run HotSpot for consequence assessment modeling. This plan is intended to meet Critical Recommendation 2 from the Software Evaluation of HotSpot and DOE Safety Software Toolbox Recommendation for inclusion of HotSpot in the Department of Energy (DOE) Safety Software Toolbox. These users and sponsors of the HotSpot software and the organizations they represent constitute the intended audience for this document. HotSpot software is maintained for the Department of Energy Office of Emergency Operations by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). An overview of HotSpot and NARAC are provided.

Walker, H; Homann, S G

2009-03-12

18

Meeting Individual Needs by Customizing Standard Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how to customize standard computer-software programs for use with elementary school students. Explains language-arts projects, especially the use of word processing; discusses children's procedures and attitudes; and describes the use of a draw program to create customized learning processes, particularly with mathematics. (LRW)

Treadwell, Stephani

1999-01-01

19

SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This project is being conducted at the request of the DOE and the NRC. The INL has been requested by the NRC to improve and maintain the Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluation (SAPHIRE) tool set concurrent with the changing needs of the user community as well as staying current with new technologies. Successful completion will be upon NRC approved release of all software and accompanying documentation in a timely fashion. This project will enhance the SAPHIRE tool set for the user community (NRC, Nuclear Power Plant operations, Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA) model developers) by providing improved Common Cause Failure (CCF), External Events, Level 2, and Significance Determination Process (SDP) analysis capabilities. The SAPHIRE development team at the Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for successful completion of this project. The project is under the supervision of Curtis L. Smith, PhD, Technical Lead for the SAPHIRE application. All current capabilities from SAPHIRE version 7 will be maintained in SAPHIRE 8. The following additional capabilities will be incorporated: • Incorporation of SPAR models for the SDP interface. • Improved quality assurance activities for PRA calculations of SAPHIRE Version 8. • Continue the current activities for code maintenance, documentation, and user support for the code.

Curtis L.Smith; Ted S. Wood

2010-03-01

20

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per plan year) None Individual $750 Individual  

E-print Network

must be met prior to benefits being payable. Rice University Effective date: 07-01-2012 PLAN DESIGN's selected PCP. After Office Hours/Home : $30 copay 40% after deductible Page 1 #12;Rice University Effective Diagnostic Laboratory Diagnostic X-ray Outpatient hospital or other Outpatient facility EMERGENCY MEDICAL

21

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per plan year) None Individual $750 Individual  

E-print Network

must be met prior to benefits being payable. Rice University Effective date: 07-01-2011 PLAN DESIGN's selected PCP. After Office Hours/Home : $30 copay 40% after deductible Page 1 #12;Rice University Effective Diagnostic Laboratory Diagnostic X-ray Outpatient hospital or other Outpatient facility EMERGENCY MEDICAL

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

22

MCNP{trademark} Software Quality Assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

MCNP is a computer code that models the interaction of radiation with matter. MCNP is developed and maintained by the Transport Methods Group (XTM) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This plan describes the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program applied to the code. The SQA program is consistent with the requirements of IEEE-730.1 and the guiding principles of ISO 900.

Abhold, H.M.; Hendricks, J.S.

1996-04-01

23

Individualized Development Plan for Female Electronic Technicians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At Los Alamos National Laboratory, 17 female electronic technicians participated in an individual development plan involving mentoring, basic education, and technical training. Four have been promoted, six are pursuing associate or bachelor's degrees, and two are pursuing certification. (SK)

Whyte, Helena; D'Anna, Lee

1991-01-01

24

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

2011-10-01

25

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

2012-10-01

26

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

2013-10-01

27

Software project initiation and planning - an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a study of 14 software companies, on how they initiate and pre-plan software projects. The aim was to obtain an indication of the range of planning activities carried out. The study, using a convenience sample, was carried out using structured interviews, with questions about early software project planning activities. The study offers evidence that an iterative and

D. Greer; Reidar Conradi

2009-01-01

28

FY95 software project management plan: TMACS, CASS computer systems  

SciTech Connect

The FY95 Work Plan for TMACS and CASS Software Projects describes the activities planned for the current fiscal year. This plan replaces WHC-SD-WM-SDP-008. The TMACS project schedule is included in the TWRS Integrated Schedule.

Spurling, D.G.

1994-11-11

29

Planning of electroporation-based treatments using Web-based treatment-planning software.  

PubMed

Electroporation-based treatment combining high-voltage electric pulses and poorly permanent cytotoxic drugs, i.e., electrochemotherapy (ECT), is currently used for treating superficial tumor nodules by following standard operating procedures. Besides ECT, another electroporation-based treatment, nonthermal irreversible electroporation (N-TIRE), is also efficient at ablating deep-seated tumors. To perform ECT or N-TIRE of deep-seated tumors, following standard operating procedures is not sufficient and patient-specific treatment planning is required for successful treatment. Treatment planning is required because of the use of individual long-needle electrodes and the diverse shape, size and location of deep-seated tumors. Many institutions that already perform ECT of superficial metastases could benefit from treatment-planning software that would enable the preparation of patient-specific treatment plans. To this end, we have developed a Web-based treatment-planning software for planning electroporation-based treatments that does not require prior engineering knowledge from the user (e.g., the clinician). The software includes algorithms for automatic tissue segmentation and, after segmentation, generation of a 3D model of the tissue. The procedure allows the user to define how the electrodes will be inserted. Finally, electric field distribution is computed, the position of electrodes and the voltage to be applied are optimized using the 3D model and a downloadable treatment plan is made available to the user. PMID:23780414

Pavliha, Denis; Kos, Bor; Mar?an, Marija; Zupani?, Anže; Serša, Gregor; Miklav?i?, Damijan

2013-11-01

30

19 June 2003 1 ALMA Software User Test Plan  

E-print Network

19 June 2003 1 ALMA Project ALMA Software User Test Plan During the ALMA software development phase acceptance by doing periodic testing & evaluating software/operations from a science user perspective. To accomplish these goals, software subsystem & integrated tests must be performed on a regular basis during

Myers, Steven T.

31

Software for Dosage Individualization of Voriconazole for Immunocompromised Patients  

PubMed Central

The efficacy of voriconazole is potentially compromised by considerable pharmacokinetic variability. There are increasing insights into voriconazole concentrations that are safe and effective for treatment of invasive fungal infections. Therapeutic drug monitoring is increasingly advocated. Software to aid in the individualization of dosing would be an extremely useful clinical tool. We developed software to enable the individualization of voriconazole dosing to attain predefined serum concentration targets. The process of individualized voriconazole therapy was based on concepts of Bayesian stochastic adaptive control. Multiple-model dosage design with feedback control was used to calculate dosages that achieved desired concentration targets with maximum precision. The performance of the software program was assessed using the data from 10 recipients of an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) receiving intravenous (i.v.) voriconazole. The program was able to model the plasma concentrations with a high level of precision, despite the wide range of concentration trajectories and interindividual pharmacokinetic variability. The voriconazole concentrations predicted after the last dosages were largely concordant with those actually measured. Simulations provided an illustration of the way in which the software can be used to adjust dosages of patients falling outside desired concentration targets. This software appears to be an extremely useful tool to further optimize voriconazole therapy and aid in therapeutic drug monitoring. Further prospective studies are now required to define the utility of the controller in daily clinical practice. PMID:23380734

VanGuilder, Michael; Donnelly, J. Peter; Blijlevens, Nicole M. A.; Bruggemann, Roger J. M.; Jelliffe, Roger W.; Neely, Michael N.

2013-01-01

32

Software Configuration Management Plan for the Sodium Removal System  

SciTech Connect

This document establishers the Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) for the software associated with the control system of the Sodium Removal System (SRS) located in the Interim Examination and Maintenance (IEM Cell) Facility of the FFTF Flux Test.

HILL, L.F.

2000-03-06

33

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance (QA) Plan documents the QA activities that will be managed by the INL related to JCN N6423. The NRC developed the SAPHIRE computer code for performing probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) using a personal computer (PC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) under Job Code Number (JCN) L1429. SAPHIRE started out as a feasibility study for a PRA code to be run on a desktop personal PC and evolved through several phases into a state-of-the-art PRA code. The developmental activity of SAPHIRE was the result of two concurrent important events: The tremendous expansion of PC software and hardware capability of the 90s and the onset of a risk-informed regulation era.

Curtis Smith

2010-02-01

34

Scheduling and Planning Software for Corrugation Process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we are interested in developing a software for production planning for the corrugation process. We particularly study the scheduling problem of paper roll feeding in the mills. In the real industry, many constraints are post in order to assign paper rolls to the mill roll stand while the factory has several goals to meet such as saving paper cost and balancing worker loads. Such problems are known to be a difficult problem. We develop a heuristic to find the schedule under the goals to minimize waste, to balance the roll switching, and minimize butt rolls. Then, the web-based application is developed to create such a schedule and simulate the schedule results to verify the solutions.

Chantrapornchai, C.; Sathapanawat, T.

35

SEPAC software configuration control plan and procedures, revision 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

SEPAC Software Configuration Control Plan and Procedures are presented. The objective of the software configuration control is to establish the process for maintaining configuration control of the SEPAC software beginning with the baselining of SEPAC Flight Software Version 1 and encompass the integration and verification tests through Spacelab Level IV Integration. They are designed to provide a simplified but complete configuration control process. The intent is to require a minimum amount of paperwork but provide total traceability of SEPAC software.

1981-01-01

36

Decision support software technology demonstration plan  

SciTech Connect

The performance evaluation of innovative and alternative environmental technologies is an integral part of the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) mission. Early efforts focused on evaluating technologies that supported the implementation of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. In 1986 the Agency began to demonstrate and evaluate the cost and performance of remediation and monitoring technologies under the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program (in response to the mandate in the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA)). In 1990, the US Technology Policy was announced. This policy placed a renewed emphasis on making the best use of technology in achieving the national goals of improved quality of life for all Americans, continued economic growth, and national security. In the spirit of the technology policy, the Agency began to direct a portion of its resources toward the promotion, recognition, acceptance, and use of US-developed innovative environmental technologies both domestically and abroad. Decision Support Software (DSS) packages integrate environmental data and simulation models into a framework for making site characterization, monitoring, and cleanup decisions. To limit the scope which will be addressed in this demonstration, three endpoints have been selected for evaluation: Visualization; Sample Optimization; and Cost/Benefit Analysis. Five topics are covered in this report: the objectives of the demonstration; the elements of the demonstration plan; an overview of the Site Characterization and Monitoring Technology Pilot; an overview of the technology verification process; and the purpose of this demonstration plan.

SULLIVAN,T.; ARMSTRONG,A.

1998-09-01

37

When Plans do not Work Out: How Plans are Used in Software Development Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on empirical material from the area of software engineering, this article discusses the issue of plans and planning as an integral part of and prerequisite for software development work. It relates observed practices to literature produced by the Computer Supported Cooperative Work community. Empirical studies of software development practice seldom address re-planning. By analyzing the empirical material from one

Kari Rönkkö; Yvonne Dittrich; Dave Randall

2005-01-01

38

42 CFR 456.380 - Individual written plan of care.  

...2014-10-01 false Individual written plan of care. 456.380 Section 456.380 Public Health...UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Intermediate Care Facilities Plan of Care § 456.380 Individual written plan of...

2014-10-01

39

42 CFR 456.80 - Individual written plan of care.  

...2014-10-01 false Individual written plan of care. 456.80 Section 456.80 Public Health... Utilization Control: Hospitals Plan of Care § 456.80 Individual written plan of care. (a) Before admission to a hospital...

2014-10-01

40

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PLAN FOR VETERANS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES  

E-print Network

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PLAN FOR VETERANS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES Office of Diversity Opportunity 2005 Affirmative Action Plan for Veterans and Individuals with Disabilities Approved by .................................................................................................................10 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION STRUCTURE AND ACHIEVEMENTS..................................10 I) THE PLAN

Meyers, Steven D.

41

Operational-planning software realizes production cost savings  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive operation-planning software package installed in 1981 to forecast system loads, optimally schedule thermal and hydro units, estimate future prices of power transactions, and perform postanalysis is described. System operation goals and operational planning needs are discussed. The software is described. The use of postanalysis to document savings is examined. When the postanalysis program began in 1986, the overall

S. R. Erwin; J. T. Wood; J. S. Griffith; K. D. Le; J. T. Day; C. K. Yin

1991-01-01

42

Tank monitor and control system (TMACS) software configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the methodology for control of computer software developed and supported by the Systems Development and Integration (SD and I) organization of Lockheed Martin Services, Inc. (LMSI) for the Tank Monitor and Control System (TMACS). This plan controls changes to the software and configuration files used by TMACS. The controlled software includes the Gensym software package, Gensym knowledge base files developed for TMACS, C-language programs used by TMACS, the operating system on the production machine, language compilers, and all Windows NT commands and functions which affect the operating environment. The configuration files controlled include the files downloaded to the Acromag and Westronic field instruments.

GLASSCOCK, J.A.

1999-05-13

43

Software configuration management plan for HANDI 2000 business management system  

SciTech Connect

The Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the configuration management and control environment for HANDI 2000 for the PP and PS software as well as any custom developed software. This plan establishes requirements and processes for uniform documentation control, system change control, systematic evaluation and coordination of HANDI 2000. This SCMP becomes effective as this document is acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts.

Wilson, D.

1998-08-25

44

A comparison of the individualized education plan and the individualized family service plan.  

PubMed

The individualized education plan (IEP) and the individualized family service plan (IFSP) are mandated for children with special needs. Occupational therapists participate in the development of both the IEP and the IFSP. This paper summarizes the similarities and the differences in the mandated components. The components addressed are (a) information about the child's status, (b) information about the family, (c) outcomes for the child and family, (d) intervention services, (e) other services, (f) dates and duration of services, (g) selection of a case manager, and (h) transition plans. PMID:1532691

Decker, B

1992-03-01

45

42 CFR 441.155 - Individual plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Individual plan of care. 441.155 Section 441.155 Public Health...Facilities or Programs § 441.155 Individual plan of care. (a) “Individual plan of care” means a written plan developed for...

2011-10-01

46

75 FR 30387 - Improving Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and Procedures for...system expansion planning models and software. The technical conference will be held...Technical Conference on Planning Models and Software Federal Energy Regulatory...

2010-06-01

47

NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

Fishler, B

2011-03-18

48

Spacecraft Trajectory Analysis and Mission Planning Simulation (STAMPS) Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

STAMPS simulates either three- or six-degree-of-freedom cases for all spacecraft flight phases using translated HAL flight software or generic GN&C models. Single or multiple trajectories can be simulated for use in optimization and dispersion analysis. It includes math models for the vehicle and environment, and currently features a "C" version of shuttle onboard flight software. The STAMPS software is used for mission planning and analysis within ascent/descent, rendezvous, proximity operations, and navigation flight design areas.

Puckett, Nancy; Pettinger, Kris; Hallstrom,John; Brownfield, Dana; Blinn, Eric; Williams, Frank; Wiuff, Kelli; McCarty, Steve; Ramirez, Daniel; Lamotte, Nicole; Vu, Tuan

2014-01-01

49

Advanced software for planning and optimization of spectrum monitoring networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Short description of new software for planning and optimization of spectrum monitoring networks or groups of monitoring stations is presented. The software permits to calculate service areas provided by various monitoring functions, such as listening, emission parameters measurement and direction finding, as well as location accuracy templates under triangulation location operations, those are distributions of the location accuracy throughout an

O. E. Krutova; V. V. Kogan; A. P. Pavliouk

2005-01-01

50

Managing Software Projects by Structured Project Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is based on the Structured Process Model formalism previously proposed by thesame authors, and describes some techniques for scheduling an execution plan whichconforms to the chosen process but adapts to all the potential changes of value of specificvariables of the project. The executive plan is generated by means of IncrementalRefinements. Each increment is the consequence of one or

Aniello Cimitile; Giuseppe Visaggio

1997-01-01

51

SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

SciTech Connect

SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

Rae J. Nims; Kent M. Norris

2010-02-01

52

SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

SciTech Connect

SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

Rae J. Nims

2009-04-01

53

Individual Differences Science for Treatment Planning: Personality Traits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolving ethical, legal, and financial demands require a plan before treatment begins. The authors argue that individual differences research requires the inclusion of personality trait assessment for the construction and implementation of any treatment plan that would lay claim to scientific status. A primer of personality individual differences for treatment planning is presented, including an introduction to constructive realism and

Allan R. Harkness; Scott O. Lilienfeld

1997-01-01

54

42 CFR 456.180 - Individual written plan of care.  

...2014-10-01 false Individual written plan of care. 456.180 Section 456.180 Public Health...Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Plan of Care § 456.180 Individual written plan of care. (a) Before admission to a mental...

2014-10-01

55

The Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP). ERIC Digest #E605.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper summarizes principles of the Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP) as required under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Part C. It lists five ways in which the IFSP differs from the Individualized Education Plan including the centrality of the family. Steps that lead to effective IFSPs are identified. These include:…

Bruder, Mary Beth

56

75 FR 45623 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice Establishing Date for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice Establishing Date for Comments...technical conferences regarding models and software related to wholesale electricity markets...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software, 75 FR 27,341...

2010-08-03

57

Modular Operational Test Plans for Inferences on Software Reliability Based on a Markov Model  

E-print Network

Modular Operational Test Plans for Inferences on Software Reliability Based on a Markov Model. Keywords: Software reliability; Modular Operational Tests; Sample Size Determination; Mathematical Programming #12;Modular Operational Test Plans for Inferences on Software Reliability Based on a Markov Model

Mazumdar, Mainak

58

Coordination of Individual and Organizational Planning for Natural Hazards (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Decision making consists of constructing or selecting a plan. This is true at many levels of decision making: individuals or households, small groups, larger organizations, and governments. In each case, plans are constructed or selected taking account of the decision maker's prioritized set of active goals and the decision maker's beliefs about the probability or the extent to which each goal will be attained through a given plan. Planning for mitigation of or response to natural hazards can be improved if the plans of the many decision makers at multiple levels are coordinated. Government planning should ideally be informed by knowledge about the plans of businesses and non-profit organizations as well as knowledge about individual, household, and neighborhood plans. Similarly, plans at the individual and organizational levels should be informed by knowledge of others' plans at the same and at higher and lower levels of aggregation. Coordination can be impaired by differences in goals, differences in beliefs about the instrumentality of plans toward given goals, and also by ignorance of others' goals and plans. Good coordination requires incentives that promote sharing of plans, horizontally and vertically, and that alleviate conflicts in goals and conflicts in beliefs that will inevitably surface once plans are shared. Thus, four different kinds of decision aids are needed to improve natural hazard planning: mechanisms that support horizontal dissemination of plans, mechanisms that support vertical dissemination, mechanisms for examining goal conflicts and reducing these through plans that take others' goals into account, and mechanisms for examining belief conflicts.

Krantz, D. H.

2013-12-01

59

Web Application Software for Ground Operations Planning Database (GOPDb) Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Web application facilitates collaborative development of the ground operations planning document. This will reduce costs and development time for new programs by incorporating the data governance, access control, and revision tracking of the ground operations planning data. Ground Operations Planning requires the creation and maintenance of detailed timelines and documentation. The GOPDb Web application was created using state-of-the-art Web 2.0 technologies, and was deployed as SaaS (Software as a Service), with an emphasis on data governance and security needs. Application access is managed using two-factor authentication, with data write permissions tied to user roles and responsibilities. Multiple instances of the application can be deployed on a Web server to meet the robust needs for multiple, future programs with minimal additional cost. This innovation features high availability and scalability, with no additional software that needs to be bought or installed. For data governance and security (data quality, management, business process management, and risk management for data handling), the software uses NAMS. No local copy/cloning of data is permitted. Data change log/tracking is addressed, as well as collaboration, work flow, and process standardization. The software provides on-line documentation and detailed Web-based help. There are multiple ways that this software can be deployed on a Web server to meet ground operations planning needs for future programs. The software could be used to support commercial crew ground operations planning, as well as commercial payload/satellite ground operations planning. The application source code and database schema are owned by NASA.

Lanham, Clifton; Kallner, Shawn; Gernand, Jeffrey

2013-01-01

60

Towards Individualized Software Engineering: Empirical Studies Should Collect Psychometrics  

E-print Network

and personalities of these people will affect how they react to changes in general and the introduced method Feldt Richard Torkar Blekinge Institute of Technology SE-372 25 Ronneby, Sweden rfd@bth.se Lefteris software is developed by humans, research in software engineering primarily focuses on the technologies

Feldt, Robert

61

Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... join the regular classes for nonacademic activities (like music and gym) or in academic activities in which ... 504 Education Plans Delayed Speech or Language Development Autism Parent-Teacher Conferences Contact Us Print Additional resources ...

62

Guidelines: Individualized Education Program Planning Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides guidelines to assist North Dakota educators who are developing Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for students with disabilities. It is presented in four sections. The first section highlights the major changes brought about by the 1997 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), including…

North Dakota State Dept. of Public Instruction, Bismarck. Div. of Special Education.

63

UGA Computer Equipment, Software or Services (CESS) Request Form Individual Responsible for CESS Resource and Location  

E-print Network

UGA Computer Equipment, Software or Services (CESS) Request Form Individual Responsible for CESS to install and utilize these resources in a manner consistent with established University Computer Security

Arnold, Jonathan

64

Youth Individual Development Accounts: Retirement Planning Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the growing interest in a privatized Social Security system and the lack of adequate retirement planning among many people in the United States, many households are often ill prepared for retirement. The outlook for low-income populations is even bleaker because they are often not privy to the same financial education and asset-building…

Shobe, Marcia A.; Sturm, Stephanie L.

2007-01-01

65

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per plan year) None Individual  

E-print Network

Care Exams Includes routine tests and related lab fees. Rice University Effective date: 07-01-2011 PLAN provider office visit member cost sharing Page 1 #12;Rice University Effective date: 07-01-2011 PLAN DESIGN AND BENEFITS HMO - Asc ADMINISTERED BY AETNA HEALTH INC. - SELF FUNDED Diagnostic X-ray Outpatient hospital

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

66

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per plan year) None Individual  

E-print Network

Care Exams Includes routine tests and related lab fees. Rice University Effective date: 07-01-2012 PLAN provider office visit member cost sharing Page 1 #12;Rice University Effective date: 07-01-2012 PLAN DESIGN AND BENEFITS HMO - Asc ADMINISTERED BY AETNA HEALTH INC. - SELF FUNDED Diagnostic X-ray Outpatient hospital

67

Software Development Plan for DESCARTES and CIDER. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project: Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This Software Development Plan (SDP) outlines all software activities required to obtain functional environmental accumulation and individual dose codes for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) project. The modeling activities addressed use the output of the air transport-code HATCHET to compute radionuclide concentrations in environmental pathways, and continue on through calculations of dose for individuals. The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project has a deliverable in the June 1993 time frame to be able to start computing doses to individuals from nuclear-related activities on the Hanford Site during and following World War II. The CIDER code will compute doses and their uncertainties for individuals living in the contaminated environment computed by DESCARTES. The projected size of the code is 3000 lines.

Eslinger, P.W.

1992-12-08

68

Planning and Operating an Individualized Learning Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information useful for the initiation and operation of an individualized learning center (ILC) is provided in this manual which also includes an evaluation of the ILC for the American Indian students of the Cook School in Arizona. The recommendations in the manual are based on the experience gained in operating the ILC at the Cook School. The…

Campbell, David; Kush, Gary

69

The Prediction of Individual Mobility Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A relatively new area of psychological investigation is the identification of biographical and psychological variables which contribute to an individual's decision to move from or to stay in a geographical area. This study is an attempt to utilize biographical and psychological data on 50 college students in a multiple linear regression to predict…

Jacobs, Keith W.; Koeppel, John C.

70

Status of Individuals' Planning to Prepare for Retirement in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted in Ankara province for the purpose of examining the status of planning in preparation for retirement as an individual and as a family of individuals who show differences in educational level. Individuals who lived in Ankara province, who were 3 years from retirement according to age limit, and who had social security…

Gunay, Gulay; Bener, Ozgun

2008-01-01

71

Why People Copy Software and Create Computer Viruses: Individual Characteristics or Situational Factors?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines individual and situational variables as factors in the behavior of computer users, namely copying of software and distribution of computer viruses. The results indicate that situational variables explain much of the variance in copying software, while the individual variable of sex is strongly related to computer virus distribution. (17…

Harrington, Susan J.

1989-01-01

72

Repository-Based Software Engineering Program: Working Program Management Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Repository-Based Software Engineering Program (RBSE) is a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sponsored program dedicated to introducing and supporting common, effective approaches to software engineering practices. The process of conceiving, designing, building, and maintaining software systems by using existing software assets that are stored in a specialized operational reuse library or repository, accessible to system designers, is the foundation of the program. In addition to operating a software repository, RBSE promotes (1) software engineering technology transfer, (2) academic and instructional support of reuse programs, (3) the use of common software engineering standards and practices, (4) software reuse technology research, and (5) interoperability between reuse libraries. This Program Management Plan (PMP) is intended to communicate program goals and objectives, describe major work areas, and define a management report and control process. This process will assist the Program Manager, University of Houston at Clear Lake (UHCL) in tracking work progress and describing major program activities to NASA management. The goal of this PMP is to make managing the RBSE program a relatively easy process that improves the work of all team members. The PMP describes work areas addressed and work efforts being accomplished by the program; however, it is not intended as a complete description of the program. Its focus is on providing management tools and management processes for monitoring, evaluating, and administering the program; and it includes schedules for charting milestones and deliveries of program products. The PMP was developed by soliciting and obtaining guidance from appropriate program participants, analyzing program management guidance, and reviewing related program management documents.

1993-01-01

73

75 FR 30010 - Improving Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and Procedures for...discuss issues related to unit commitment software. The technical conference will be held...Technical Conference on Unit Commitment Software Federal Energy Regulatory...

2010-05-28

74

78 FR 18974 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical Conference: Increasing...Ahead Market Efficiency Through Improved Software Take notice that Commission staff will...day-ahead market efficiency through improved software. A detailed agenda with the list...

2013-03-28

75

76 FR 28022 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical Conference: Increasing...Ahead Market Efficiency Through Improved Software Take notice that Commission staff will...day-ahead market efficiency through improved software. This conference will bring...

2011-05-13

76

77 FR 19280 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical Conference: Increasing...Ahead Market Efficiency Through Improved Software Take notice that Commission staff will...day-ahead market efficiency through improved software. A detailed agenda with the list...

2012-03-30

77

78 FR 31916 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Supplemental Agenda Notice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Supplemental Agenda Notice Take notice...day-ahead market efficiency through improved software. A detailed agenda with the list of...diverse experts from public utilities, the software industry, government, research...

2013-05-28

78

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per plan year) $5,000 Individual  

E-print Network

/Immunizations Routine Well Child Exams/ Immunizations Effective Date: 07-01-2012 Rice University Traditional Choice for Surgery Allergy Testing Allergy Injections DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES Diagnostic Laboratory and X-ray;Effective Date: 07-01-2012 Rice University Traditional Choice ® (TC) - ASC PLAN DESIGN AND BENEFITS

79

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per plan year) $5,000 Individual  

E-print Network

/Immunizations Routine Well Child Exams/ Immunizations Effective Date: 07-01-2011 Rice University Traditional Choice for Surgery Allergy Testing Allergy Injections DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES Diagnostic Laboratory and X-ray;Effective Date: 07-01-2011 Rice University Traditional Choice ® (TC) - ASC PLAN DESIGN AND BENEFITS

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

80

38 CFR 21.88 - Individualized employment assistance plan.  

... Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01...2014-07-01 false Individualized employment assistance plan. 21.88... Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED)...

2014-07-01

81

Individualism-Collectivism: Links to Occupational Plans and Work Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individualism-collectivism (IC) constitutes a cultural variable thought to influence a wide variety of variables including career planning and decision making. To examine this possibility, college students (216 women, 106 men, 64% racial-ethnic minorities) responded to measures of IC, occupational plans, and work values. Multivariate analysis of…

Hartung, Paul J.; Fouad, Nadya A.; Leong, Frederick T. L.; Hardin, Erin E.

2010-01-01

82

Individualized Career Plan Models. ERIC Digest No. 71.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The technological advances that have occurred in recent decades have resulted in substantial changes in the nature and structure of occupations and industries. Career development is now being recognized as a lifelong process. Individualized career plans (ICPs) or personal plans of action are becoming important instruments for counselors and others…

Bhaerman, Robert D.

83

Planning for the V&V of infused software technologies for the Mars Science Laboratory Mission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover mission is planning to make use of advanced software technologies in order to support fulfillment of its ambitious science objectives. The mission plans to adopt the Mission Data System (MDS) as the mission software architecture, and plans to make significant use of on-board autonomous capabilities for the rover software.

Feather, Martin S.; Fesq, Lorraine M.; Ingham, Michel D.; Klein, Suzanne L.; Nelson, Stacy D.

2004-01-01

84

Space Station Mission Planning Study (MPS) development study. Volume 3: Software development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software development plan is presented for the definition, design, and implementation of the Space Station (SS) Payload Mission Planning System (MPS). This plan is an evolving document and must be updated periodically as the SS design and operations concepts as well as the SS MPS concept evolve. The major segments of this plan are as follows: an overview of the SS MPS and a description of its required capabilities including the computer programs identified as configurable items with an explanation of the place and function of each within the system; an overview of the project plan and a detailed description of each development project activity breaking each into lower level tasks where applicable; identification of the resources required and recommendations for the manner in which they should be utilized including recommended schedules and estimated manpower requirements; and a description of the practices, standards, and techniques recommended for the SS MPS Software (SW) development.

Klus, W. L.

1987-01-01

85

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan : ASC software quality engineering practices Version 3.0.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. Quality is defined in the US Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Agency (DOE/NNSA) Quality Criteria, Revision 10 (QC-1) as 'conformance to customer requirements and expectations'. This quality plan defines the SNL ASC Program software quality engineering (SQE) practices and provides a mapping of these practices to the SNL Corporate Process Requirement (CPR) 001.3.6; 'Corporate Software Engineering Excellence'. This plan also identifies ASC management's and the software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals. This SNL ASC Software Quality Plan establishes the signatories commitments to improving software products by applying cost-effective SQE practices. This plan enumerates the SQE practices that comprise the development of SNL ASC's software products and explains the project teams opportunities for tailoring and implementing the practices.

Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Pilch, Martin M.

2009-01-01

86

A systematic review of empirical software engineering studies that analyze individual changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding, managing and reducing costs and risks inherent in change are key challenges of software maintenance and evolution, addressed in empirical studies with many different research approaches. Change-based studies analyze data that describes the individual changes that are made to software systems. This approach can be effective in order to discover cost and risk factors that are hidden at more

Hans Christian; Bente Anda; Erik Arisholm

2008-01-01

87

A software development plan for manage a stratospheric balloon flight  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starting from a thermodynamic prevision of the behaviour of a stratospheric balloon "zero pressure" during the ascent and the descent phase, we present a software development plan for verifying the foreseen parameters, with the possibility of an intervention on some of the on-board sub-systems (i.e. ballast and valves) for the real time management of a balloon flight. The software provides the following capabilities: 1. Provide real time tracking data of the balloon trajectory on a editorial cartographic system. 2. Display both analogical and digital altitude and vertical speed data. 3. Define prior to launch the expected trajectory and relevant ground impact points, to assess the launch parameters versus over field territory. 4. Uplink during the flight (off-line mode) updated dynamic atmosphere data versus the balloon real position. 5. Define the descent trajectories with parachute versus the mass variation. 6. Monitor check and control other strategic functions to manage the stratospheric balloon trajectories.

Cardillo, A.; Cosentino, O.; Leone, R. M.; Messina, D.; Pomatti, M.

2001-08-01

88

The interactive effects of individual learning style, computer software, and teacher involvement on developing typing skill  

E-print Network

This research examines the effects and interactions of an individual's learning style, the type of computer software, and the level of teacher involvement on students learning how to type on a computer keyboard. The research was conducted in the San...

Goodman, Sarina Renae

2012-06-07

89

Software verification and validation plan for the GWSCREEN code  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Software Verification and Validation Plan (SVVP) is to prescribe steps necessary to verify and validate the GWSCREEN code, version 2.0 to Quality Level B standards. GWSCREEN output is to be verified and validated by comparison with hand calculations, and by output from other Quality Level B computer codes. Verification and validation will also entail performing static and dynamic tests on the code using several analysis tools. This approach is consistent with guidance in the ANSI/ANS-10.4-1987, {open_quotes}Guidelines for Verification and Validation of Scientific and Engineering Computer Programs for the Nuclear Industry.{close_quotes}

Rood, A.S.

1993-05-01

90

Development of an impairment-based individualized treatment workflow using an iPad-based software platform.  

PubMed

Individuals with language and cognitive deficits following brain damage likely require long-term rehabilitation. Consequently, it is a huge practical problem to provide the continued communication therapy that these individuals require. The present project describes the development of an impairment-based individualized treatment workflow using a software platform called Constant Therapy. This article is organized into two sections. We will first describe the general methods of the treatment workflow for patients involved in this study. There are four steps in this process: (1) the patient's impairment is assessed using standardized tests, (2) the patient is assigned a specific and individualized treatment plan, (3) the patient practices the therapy at home and at the clinic, and (4) the clinician and the patient can analyze the results of the patient's performance remotely and monitor and alter the treatment plan accordingly. The second section provides four case studies that provide a representative sample of participants progressing through their individualized treatment plan. The preliminary results of the patient treatment provide encouraging evidence for the feasibility of a rehabilitation program for individuals with brain damage based on the iPad (Apple Inc., Cupertino, CA). PMID:24449464

Kiran, Swathi; Des Roches, Carrie; Balachandran, Isabel; Ascenso, Elsa

2014-02-01

91

Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software structure: a simulation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identification of genetically homogeneous groups of individuals is a long standing issue in population genetics. A recent Bayesian algorithm implemented in the software STRUCTURE allows the identification of such groups. However, the ability of this algorithm to detect the true number of clusters ( K ) in a sample of individuals when patterns of dispersal among populations are not

G. EVANNO; S. REGNAUT; J. GOUDET

2005-01-01

92

The Individual Education Plan: A Gendered Assessment Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this study is gendered differences and similarities in the distribution of individual education plan (IEP) targets given to pupils in Swedish schools. IEP writing is seen as part of teachers' formal assessment practice. Through qualitative content analysis of data, two main target types emerged: "learning targets," related to school…

Hirsh, Asa

2012-01-01

93

[Personal Futures Planning: Building a Foundation for Individualized Transition Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two newsletter special issues focus on personal futures planning (PFP) for people with deaf blindness, with emphasis on technical assistance activities involved in implementing a PFP program. PFP guides a team through three phases of activities: (1) developing a "circle of support" for an individual with deaf blindness; (2) describing a…

Carr, Theresa, Ed.

1993-01-01

94

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

SciTech Connect

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-20

95

WHAT INFLUENCES INDIVIDUALS TO ENGAGE IN ADVANCE CARE PLANNING?  

PubMed Central

Background Advance care planning (ACP) is an under-utilized process that involves thinking about what kind of life-prolonging medical care one would want should the need arise, identifying a spokesperson, and then communicating these wishes. Objective To better understand what influences individuals to engage in ACP. Design Three focus groups using semi-structured interactive interviews were conducted with 23 older individuals from three diverse populations in central Pennsylvania. Results Four categories of influences for engaging in ACP were identified: 1) Concern for Self; 2) Concern for Others; 3) Expectations About the Impact of Advance Care Planning; and 4) Anecdotes, Stories, & Experiences. Conclusions The motivations for undertaking ACP that we have identified offer healthcare providers insight into effective strategies for facilitating the process of ACP with their patients. PMID:20103783

Dellasega, Cheryl; Whitehead, Megan; Green, Michael J.

2013-01-01

96

Concept for individualized patient allocation: ReCompare—remote comparison of particle and photon treatment plans  

PubMed Central

Background Identifying those patients who have a higher chance to be cured with fewer side effects by particle beam therapy than by state-of-the-art photon therapy is essential to guarantee a fair and sufficient access to specialized radiotherapy. The individualized identification requires initiatives by particle as well as non-particle radiotherapy centers to form networks, to establish procedures for the decision process, and to implement means for the remote exchange of relevant patient information. In this work, we want to contribute a practical concept that addresses these requirements. Methods We proposed a concept for individualized patient allocation to photon or particle beam therapy at a non-particle radiotherapy institution that bases on remote treatment plan comparison. We translated this concept into the web-based software tool ReCompare (REmote COMparison of PARticlE and photon treatment plans). Results We substantiated the feasibility of the proposed concept by demonstrating remote exchange of treatment plans between radiotherapy institutions and the direct comparison of photon and particle treatment plans in photon treatment planning systems. ReCompare worked with several tested standard treatment planning systems, ensured patient data protection, and integrated in the clinical workflow. Conclusions Our concept supports non-particle radiotherapy institutions with the patient-specific treatment decision on the optimal irradiation modality by providing expertise from a particle therapy center. The software tool ReCompare may help to improve and standardize this personalized treatment decision. It will be available from our website when proton therapy is operational at our facility. PMID:24548333

2014-01-01

97

Genetic Programming as Alternative for Predicting Development Effort of Individual Software Projects  

PubMed Central

Statistical and genetic programming techniques have been used to predict the software development effort of large software projects. In this paper, a genetic programming model was used for predicting the effort required in individually developed projects. Accuracy obtained from a genetic programming model was compared against one generated from the application of a statistical regression model. A sample of 219 projects developed by 71 practitioners was used for generating the two models, whereas another sample of 130 projects developed by 38 practitioners was used for validating them. The models used two kinds of lines of code as well as programming language experience as independent variables. Accuracy results from the model obtained with genetic programming suggest that it could be used to predict the software development effort of individual projects when these projects have been developed in a disciplined manner within a development-controlled environment. PMID:23226305

Chavoya, Arturo; Lopez-Martin, Cuauhtemoc; Andalon-Garcia, Irma R.; Meda-Campana, M. E.

2012-01-01

98

Individualized care: is it possible to plan and carry out?  

PubMed

The purpose of the study reported in this paper was to assess the reality of attempting to deliver individualized nursing care. An ethnographic case study research design was used on a nursing development ward. The organizational framework was a mixture of primary nursing and team nursing. Activities of three patients were observed over 4 days each, covering 16 hours of the 24-hour period for each patient. The observations were unstructured, but attempted to relate activities to the nursing care plan. Informal, semi-structured, tape-recorded interviews were undertaken with 12 of the ward staff, qualified and unqualified. The interviews asked questions relating to aspects of planning care, delivering care and ensuring continuity of care. In addition, two nurses kept diaries of significant events for 5 days. Field notes of observations were coded for analysis, interviews were transcribed and coded and diaries were coded. The findings suggest that whereas the patient is offered choice on some occasions, at other times the patients fit into the routine. Supervision of meals and the use of the care plan were issues raised. Communication between nurses was reported to be well-developed and helped to ensure continuity of care. Difficulties in delivering individualized care were related to issues of skill mix and lack of support staff. PMID:10064285

Waters, K R; Easton, N

1999-01-01

99

Rules and Tools for Software Evolution Planning and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract When first formulated in the early seventies, the laws of software evolution were, for a number of reasons, not widely accepted as relevant to software,engineering practice. Over the years, however, they have gradually become recognised asproviding,useful inputs to understanding of the software process. Supplemented ,by an ,Uncertainty Principle and a FEAST Hypothesis, the eight laws have even found their

M. M. Lehman; Juan F. Ramil

2001-01-01

100

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) software quality plan part 2 mappings for the ASC software quality engineering practices, version 2.0.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR001.3.2 and CPR001.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, ''ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines''. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams' responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

Heaphy, Robert; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Minana, Molly A.; Hackney, Patricia; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr. (,; .); Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

2006-09-01

101

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan. Part 2, Mappings for the ASC software quality engineering practices. Version 1.0.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR 1.3.2 and 1.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, 'ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines'. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

Ellis, Molly A.; Heaphy, Robert; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr.; Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

2005-01-01

102

Software management and implementation plan for the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) carried on a NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) satellite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents a Software Management and Implementation Plan (SIMP) for managing and controlling the development of the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) instrument software, and the Instrument Ground Support Equipment (IGSE) software.

Shaw, H. Y.; Girard, M. A.; Perun, V. S.; Sherif, J. S.

2003-01-01

103

42 CFR 456.380 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses...v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet...objectives of the plan of care; (5) Plans for...

2010-10-01

104

42 CFR 456.380 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or beneficiary. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses... (v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet...the objectives of the plan of care; (5) Plans for...

2013-10-01

105

42 CFR 456.380 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or beneficiary. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses... (v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet...the objectives of the plan of care; (5) Plans for...

2012-10-01

106

42 CFR 456.380 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses...v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet...objectives of the plan of care; (5) Plans for...

2011-10-01

107

A Plan-based Intelligent Assistant That Supports the Software Development Process  

E-print Network

A Plan-based Intelligent Assistant That Supports the Software Development Process Karen E. Huff and plan operators, using multiple levels of abstraction. Plans are constructed dynamically from assessment of the credibility of complex process alternatives, and yet accede to the programmer's superior

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

108

Individualization of piperacillin dosing for critically ill patients: dosing software to optimize antimicrobial therapy.  

PubMed

Piperacillin-tazobactam is frequently used for empirical and targeted therapy of infections in critically ill patients. Considerable pharmacokinetic (PK) variability is observed in critically ill patients. By estimating an individual's PK, dosage optimization Bayesian estimation techniques can be used to calculate the appropriate piperacillin regimen to achieve desired drug exposure targets. The aim of this study was to establish a population PK model for piperacillin in critically ill patients and then analyze the performance of the model in the dose optimization software program BestDose. Linear, with estimated creatinine clearance and weight as covariates, Michaelis-Menten (MM) and parallel linear/MM structural models were fitted to the data from 146 critically ill patients with nosocomial infection. Piperacillin concentrations measured in the first dosing interval, from each of 8 additional individuals, combined with the population model were embedded into the dose optimization software. The impact of the number of observations was assessed. Precision was assessed by (i) the predicted piperacillin dosage and by (ii) linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations from the second 24 h of treatment. We found that a linear clearance model with creatinine clearance and weight as covariates for drug clearance and volume of distribution, respectively, best described the observed data. When there were at least two observed piperacillin concentrations, the dose optimization software predicted a mean piperacillin dosage of 4.02 g in the 8 patients administered piperacillin doses of 4.00 g. Linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations for 8 individuals after 24 h of piperacillin dosing demonstrated an r(2) of >0.89. In conclusion, for most critically ill patients, individualized piperacillin regimens delivering a target serum piperacillin concentration is achievable. Further validation of the dosage optimization software in a clinical trial is required. PMID:24798288

Felton, T W; Roberts, J A; Lodise, T P; Van Guilder, M; Boselli, E; Neely, M N; Hope, W W

2014-07-01

109

Individualization of Piperacillin Dosing for Critically Ill Patients: Dosing Software To Optimize Antimicrobial Therapy  

PubMed Central

Piperacillin-tazobactam is frequently used for empirical and targeted therapy of infections in critically ill patients. Considerable pharmacokinetic (PK) variability is observed in critically ill patients. By estimating an individual's PK, dosage optimization Bayesian estimation techniques can be used to calculate the appropriate piperacillin regimen to achieve desired drug exposure targets. The aim of this study was to establish a population PK model for piperacillin in critically ill patients and then analyze the performance of the model in the dose optimization software program BestDose. Linear, with estimated creatinine clearance and weight as covariates, Michaelis-Menten (MM) and parallel linear/MM structural models were fitted to the data from 146 critically ill patients with nosocomial infection. Piperacillin concentrations measured in the first dosing interval, from each of 8 additional individuals, combined with the population model were embedded into the dose optimization software. The impact of the number of observations was assessed. Precision was assessed by (i) the predicted piperacillin dosage and by (ii) linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations from the second 24 h of treatment. We found that a linear clearance model with creatinine clearance and weight as covariates for drug clearance and volume of distribution, respectively, best described the observed data. When there were at least two observed piperacillin concentrations, the dose optimization software predicted a mean piperacillin dosage of 4.02 g in the 8 patients administered piperacillin doses of 4.00 g. Linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations for 8 individuals after 24 h of piperacillin dosing demonstrated an r2 of >0.89. In conclusion, for most critically ill patients, individualized piperacillin regimens delivering a target serum piperacillin concentration is achievable. Further validation of the dosage optimization software in a clinical trial is required. PMID:24798288

Felton, T. W.; Roberts, J. A.; Lodise, T. P.; Van Guilder, M.; Boselli, E.; Neely, M. N.

2014-01-01

110

20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?  

...false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What...

2014-04-01

111

20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What...

2012-04-01

112

20 CFR 411.450 - What is an Individual Work Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What is an Individual Work Plan? 411.450 Section 411.450 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Requirements For Individual Work Plans § 411.450 What...

2013-04-01

113

26 CFR 1.401-10 - Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals...own behalf under a qualified plan. However, such computation...contributions under a qualified plan on behalf of the common-law...of medicine, and Christian Science practitioners are...

2013-04-01

114

26 CFR 1.401-10 - Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...true Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals...own behalf under a qualified plan. However, such computation...contributions under a qualified plan on behalf of the common-law...of medicine, and Christian Science practitioners are...

2012-04-01

115

26 CFR 1.401-10 - Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals...own behalf under a qualified plan. However, such computation...contributions under a qualified plan on behalf of the common-law...of medicine, and Christian Science practitioners are...

2010-04-01

116

26 CFR 1.401-10 - Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Definitions relating to plans covering self-employed individuals...own behalf under a qualified plan. However, such computation...contributions under a qualified plan on behalf of the common-law...of medicine, and Christian Science practitioners are...

2011-04-01

117

Recommendations for a Software Quality Assurance Plan for the CMR Facility at LANL  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Materials Technology (NMT) organizations 1 and 3 within the Chemical and Metallurgical Research (CMR) facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory are working to achieve Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) certification to enable them to transport their TRU waste to WIPP. This document is intended to provide not only recommendations to address the necessary software quality assurance activities to enable the NMT-1 and NMT-3 organizations to be WIPP compliant but is also meant to provide a template for the final Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP). This document specifically addresses software quality assurance for all software used in support of waste characterization and analysis. Since NMT-1 and NMT-3 currently have several operational software products that are used for waste characterization and analysis, these software quality assurance recommendations apply to the operations, maintenance and retirement of the software and the creation and development of any new software required for waste characterization and analyses.

Adams, K.; Matthews, S. D.; McQueen, M. A.

1998-10-01

118

Z-Plant material information tracking system (ZMITS) software development and integration project management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document plans for software and interface development governing the implementation of ZMITS and other supporting systems necessary to manage information for material stabilization needs of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC).

IBSEN, T.G.

1999-09-07

119

Incorporating cost-benefit analyses into software assurance planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective is to use cost-benefit analyses to identify, for a given project, optimal sets of software assurance activities. Towards this end we have incorporated cost-benefit calculations into a risk management framework.

Feather, M. S.; Sigal, B.; Cornford, S. L.; Hutchinson, P.

2001-01-01

120

42 CFR 456.180 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses...v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet...5) Plans for continuing care, including review and...

2010-10-01

121

42 CFR 456.80 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses...iv) Activities; (v) Social services; (vi) Diet; (4) Plans for continuing care, as appropriate; and...

2010-10-01

122

42 CFR 456.80 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or beneficiary. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses...iv) Activities; (v) Social services; (vi) Diet; (4) Plans for continuing care, as appropriate; and...

2013-10-01

123

42 CFR 456.180 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or beneficiary. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses... (v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet... (5) Plans for continuing care, including review and...

2013-10-01

124

42 CFR 456.80 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or beneficiary. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses...iv) Activities; (v) Social services; (vi) Diet; (4) Plans for continuing care, as appropriate; and...

2012-10-01

125

42 CFR 456.180 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses...v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet...5) Plans for continuing care, including review and...

2011-10-01

126

42 CFR 456.80 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or recipient. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses...iv) Activities; (v) Social services; (vi) Diet; (4) Plans for continuing care, as appropriate; and...

2011-10-01

127

42 CFR 456.180 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...establish a written plan of care for each applicant or beneficiary. (b) The plan of care must include— (1) Diagnoses... (v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet... (5) Plans for continuing care, including review and...

2012-10-01

128

Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) program computer software configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the system configuration management activities performed in support of the Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) system, in accordance with Site procedures based on Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Standard 828-1990, Standard for Software Configuration Management Plans (IEEE 1990) and IEEE Standard 1042-1987, Guide to Software Configuration Management (IEEE 1987).

NONE

1997-03-26

129

Evaluation of a software system for estimating planned dose error in patients, based on planar IMRT QA measurements  

PubMed Central

Background Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) dosimetry verification is routinely conducted via integrated or individual field dosimetry using film or a matrix of detectors. Techniques and software systems are commercially available which use individual field dosimetry measurements as input into algorithms that estimate 3D patient dose distributions on CT scan derived target volumes and organs at risk (OARs), thus allowing direct dose-volume histogram (DVH) analysis vs. treatment planning system (TPS) DVH. The purpose of this work is to present a systematic benchmarking technique to evaluate the accuracy and consistency of such a software system. Methods A MapCheck2 diode array and 3DVH™ software from Sun Nuclear were used for this study. Delivered planar dose was measured with the diode array as an input to 3DVH™ software that was used to estimate the 3D dose matrix. Accuracy of the output of 3DVH™ is tested by comparing measured planar doses over a range of depths to the same planes reconstructed by 3DVH™. Different fields from complex IMRT cases were selected and examined in this study. The sensitivity to depth of measurement was evaluated. Results The Gamma Index analysis, comparing calculated 3D dose with measured 3D dose with 2% and 2mm distance-to-agreement (DTA) criteria returned a pass rate of > 90% for all patient cases calculated by the treatment planning system and it returned a pass rate of > 96% in 9 out of 10 cases calculated by 3DVH™. Extracted computed dose planes with 3DVH™ software at different depths in the flat phantom passed all gamma evaluation analyses when compared to measured planes at different depths using MapCheck2. Conclusions Studying complex head and neck IMRT fields, it was shown that the 3D dose distribution predicted by the planned dose perturbation (PDP) algorithm is both accurate and consistent. PMID:24587785

Bakhtiari, Mohammad; Parniani, Ashkan; Lerma, Fritz; Reynolds, Shannon; Jordan, James; Sedaghat, Alireza; Sarfaraz, Mehrdad; Rodgers, James

2014-01-01

130

Presentation and AcqKnowledge: an application of software to study human emotions and individual differences.  

PubMed

This work describes an experiment about startle reflex and individual differences in personality with the application of the Presentation and AcqKnowledge software. First, Presentation was useful for the design of the display and timing of a set of pictures from the IAPS (International Affective Picture System) that modulated the elicitation of the startle reflex response to an acoustic stimulus. Second, the AcqKnowledge program allowed to record and store psychophysiological data, while a Java routine helped to transform the output data into a proper data disposition better suited to analyze individual differences. The software used in psychophysiological experiments is of an utmost importance concerning the design and presentation of stimuli, and to the general management of this type of information. In this work, we present an example of the use of two computer programs that are helpful for the research about the psychophysiological bases of individual differences in relation with human personality, even though they are extensible to other biomedical areas of interest. PMID:23159496

Blanch, Angel; Balada, Ferran; Aluja, Anton

2013-04-01

131

Benefits of advanced software techniques for mission planning systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The increasing complexity of modern spacecraft, and the stringent requirement for maximizing their mission return, call for a new generation of Mission Planning Systems (MPS). In this paper, we discuss the requirements for the Space Mission Planning and the benefits which can be expected from Artificial Intelligence techniques through examples of applications developed by Matra Marconi Space.

Gasquet, A.; Parrod, Y.; Desaintvincent, A.

1994-01-01

132

Flight software issues in onboard automated planning: lessons learned on EO-1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper focuses on the onboard planner and scheduler CASPER, whose core planning engine is based on the ground system ASPEN. Given the challenges of developing flight software, we discuss several of the issues encountered in preparing the planner for flight, including reducing the code image size, determining what data to place within the engineering telemetry packet, and performing long term planning.

Tran, Daniel; Chien, Steve; Rabideau, Gregg; Cichy, Benjamin

2004-01-01

133

Development of a Software Tool to Automate ADCO Flight Controller Console Planning Tasks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This independent study project covers the development of the International Space Station (ISS) Attitude Determination and Control Officer (ADCO) Planning Exchange APEX Tool. The primary goal of the tool is to streamline existing manual and time-intensive planning tools into a more automated, user-friendly application that interfaces with existing products and allows the ADCO to produce accurate products and timelines more effectively. This paper will survey the current ISS attitude planning process and its associated requirements, goals, documentation and software tools and how a software tool could simplify and automate many of the planning actions which occur at the ADCO console. The project will be covered from inception through the initial prototype delivery in November 2011 and will include development of design requirements and software as well as design verification and testing.

Anderson, Mark G.

2011-01-01

134

Mission planning for Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIR-C) with a real-time interactive planning software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIR-C) mission will operate from the payload bay of the space shuttle for 8 days, gathering Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data over specific sites on the Earth. The short duration of the mission and the requirement for realtime planning offer challenges in mission planning and in the design of the Planning and Analysis Subsystem (PAS). The PAS generates shuttle ephemerides and mission planning data and provides an interactive real-time tool for quick mission replanning. It offers a multi-user and multiprocessing environment, and it is able to keep multiple versions of the mission timeline data while maintaining data integrity and security. Its flexible design allows one software to provide different menu options based on the user's operational function, and makes it easy to tailor the software for other Earth orbiting missions.

Potts, Su K.

1993-01-01

135

Children with Special Health Needs in School: Developing an Individualized Educational Program (IEP) and an Individualized Health Care Plan (IHCP).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers ways to help children with special health needs by utilizing the Individualized Education Program (IEP) and the Individualized Health Care Plan (IHCP). Results of a study which found a lack of necessary health information in school documents is summarized. The school nurse is seen as a pivotal person in the identification and…

Janz, Jan; And Others

136

How do Individuals with Autism Plan Their Movements?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two experiments investigated how persons with and without autism plan manual aiming movements when advance information is\\u000a direct and when strategic planning is required. In Experiment 1 advance information about hand, direction, and\\/or movement\\u000a amplitude was manipulated. Reaction times suggested both groups adopted a hierarchical pattern of movement planning. In Experiment\\u000a 2, participants performed aiming movements to one of two

Cheryl M. Glazebrook; Digby Elliott; Peter Szatmari

2008-01-01

137

An overview of the planned CCAT software system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CCAT will be a 25m diameter sub-millimeter telescope capable of operating in the 0.2 to 2.1mm wavelength range. It will be located at an altitude of 5600m on Cerro Chajnantor in northern Chile near the ALMA site. The anticipated first generation instruments include large format (60,000) kinetic inductance detector (KID) cameras, a large format heterodyne array and a direct detection multi-object spectrometer. The paper describes the architecture of the CCAT software and the development strategy.

Jenness, Tim; Shepherd, Martin C.; Schaaf, Reinhold; Sayers, Jack; Ossenkopf, Volker; Nikola, Thomas; Marsden, Gaelen; Higgins, Ronan; Edwards, Kevin; Brazier, Adam

2014-07-01

138

An overview of the planned CCAT software system  

E-print Network

CCAT will be a 25m diameter sub-millimeter telescope capable of operating in the 0.2 to 2.1mm wavelength range. It will be located at an altitude of 5600m on Cerro Chajnantor in northern Chile near the ALMA site. The anticipated first generation instruments include large format (60,000 pixel) kinetic inductance detector (KID) cameras, a large format heterodyne array and a direct detection multi-object spectrometer. The paper describes the architecture of the CCAT software and the development strategy.

Jenness, Tim; Schaaf, Reinhold; Sayers, Jack; Ossenkopf, Volker; Nikola, Thomas; Marsden, Gaelen; Higgins, Ronan; Edwards, Kevin; Brazier, Adam

2014-01-01

139

APPLICATION OF EQUIPMENT PLANNING SOFTWARE IN UNDERGROUND MINING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's mine planning processes involve various computer applications for the different engi- neering disciplines. The development of these systems over the past 20 years was largely prompted by the requirements of certain engineering units in their daily work and led to very specific applica- tions. The disadvantages of using a large number of limited systems are interrupted information flows and

THOMAS SCHUMACHER

140

Managing by Objectives through the Planning-Implementing-Evaluating (PIE) Approach to Individualizing Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the management by objectives principle as it can be usefully applied to individualizing instruction, particularly as it capitalizes on Thota's planning, implementing, and evaluating model. (RAO)

Thota, Vykuntapathi

1979-01-01

141

Computer software configuration management plan for 200 East/West Liquid Effluent Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This computer software management configuration plan covers the control of the software for the monitor and control system that operates the Effluent Treatment Facility and its associated truck load in station and some key aspects of the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility that stores condensate to be processed. Also controlled is the Treated Effluent Disposal System`s pumping stations and monitors waste generator flows in this system as well as the Phase Two Effluent Collection System.

Graf, F.A. Jr.

1995-02-27

142

Planning for Retirement - The Age of Individual Responsiblity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the passage of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 and the increased regulatory burden placed on defined benefit pension plans, the less complex fully funded defined contribution plan emerged as a more attractive and increasingly popular alternative. Traditionally the standard approach to pensions in the educational…

King, Francis P.

1995-01-01

143

73 FR 43014 - Fiduciary Requirements for Disclosure in Participant-Directed Individual Account Plans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Part 2550 Fiduciary Requirements for Disclosure in Participant[dash]Directed Individual...1210-AB07 Fiduciary Requirements for Disclosure in Participant-Directed Individual...upon adoption, would require the disclosure of certain plan and investment-...

2008-07-23

144

Linking business and requirements engineering: is solution planning a missing activity in software product companies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strong link between strategy and product development is important, since companies need to select requirements for forthcoming\\u000a releases. However, in practice, connecting requirements engineering (RE) and business planning is far from trivial. This paper\\u000a describes the lessons learned from four software product companies that have recognized the need for more business-oriented\\u000a long-term planning. The study was conducted using the

Laura Lehtola; Marjo Kauppinen; Jarno Vähäniitty; Marko Komssi

2009-01-01

145

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton; Kent Norris

2010-01-01

146

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton; Kent Norris

2009-01-01

147

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton

2009-10-01

148

Individualized Program Planning (IPP): ECS to Grade 12. Programming for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource is a revision of the teaching resource Individualized Program Plans (1995), Book 3 (ED392232) in the Programming for Students with Special Needs series. It aims to create a bridge between the product, the process and the underlying vision of Individualized Program Planning (IPP). The Standards for Special Education (Amended June…

Online Submission, 2006

2006-01-01

149

Managing Individual Education Plans: Reducing the Load of the Special Educational Needs Coordinator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article Carol Frankl focuses on the implementation of a strategy to reduce the number of pupils with Individual Education Plans (IEPs) and so reduce the workload of special education needs coordinators (SENCOs). This can be achieved through the integration of special educational needs (SEN) planning into whole-class planning, creating…

Frankl, Carol

2005-01-01

150

Integrating Manufacturing Softwares for Intelligent Planning-Execution: A CIIMPLEX Perspective  

E-print Network

are continued or completed in other applications as dictated by business process semantics, and without humanIntegrating Manufacturing Softwares for Intelligent Planning-Execution: A CIIMPLEX Perspective B complex business applications at much lower costs. Application interoperation, along with business process

Peng, Yun

151

Integrating Manufacturing Softwares for Intelligent PlanningExecution: A CIIMPLEX Perspective  

E-print Network

are continued or completed in other applications as dictated by business process semantics, and without humanIntegrating Manufacturing Softwares for Intelligent Planning­Execution: A CIIMPLEX Perspective B complex business applications at much lower costs. Application interoperation, along with business process

Finin, Tim

152

Software Development Plan for the 241-AY and 241-AZ Tank Farm MICON automation system  

SciTech Connect

Project W-030 will install a new tank ventilation system for the aging 241-AY and 241-AZ tank farm facilities. Controls for this system will be provided by a MICON distributed control system. This document defines the plan, deliverables, and schedule to develop software for the control system.

Teats, M.C.

1995-04-28

153

Measurement-based guidance of software projects using explicit project plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

As first steps towards establishing software engineer- ing as an engineering discipline, we need to create explicit models of its building blocks, i.e., projects, processes, products, and various quality perspectives; organize these models for effective reuse across project boundaries; and establish measurable criteria for project guidance. This paper investigates the possibilities of providing measurement-based project guidance using explicit project plans.

Christopher M. Lott; H. Dieter Rombach

1993-01-01

154

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per calendar year) None Individual  

E-print Network

. PREFERRED CARE Rice University Proposed Effective Date: 07-01-2014 Aetna SelectSM HMO ASC PLAN DESIGN for members age 22 and older. Covered 100% Prepared: 03/05/2014 Page 1 #12;Rice University Proposed Effective Testing Allergy Injections DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES Diagnostic X-ray $35 copay Diagnostic Laboratory Covered

155

Overview of Hazard Assessment and Emergency Planning Software of Use to RN First Responders  

SciTech Connect

There are numerous software tools available for field deployment, reach-back, training and planning use in the event of a radiological or nuclear (RN) terrorist event. Specialized software tools used by CBRNe responders can increase information available and the speed and accuracy of the response, thereby ensuring that radiation doses to responders, receivers, and the general public are kept as low as reasonably achievable. Software designed to provide health care providers with assistance in selecting appropriate countermeasures or therapeutic interventions in a timely fashion can improve the potential for positive patient outcome. This paper reviews various software applications of relevance to radiological and nuclear (RN) events that are currently in use by first responders, emergency planners, medical receivers, and criminal investigators.

Waller, E; Millage, K; Blakely, W F; Ross, J A; Mercier, J R; Sandgren, D J; Levine, I H; Dickerson, W E; Nemhauser, J B; Nasstrom, J S; Sugiyama, G; Homann, S; Buddemeier, B R; Curling, C A; Disraelly, D S

2008-08-26

156

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar.  

E-print Network

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. 1 FOR STUDENTS APPROVED AS SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJORS BEGINNING FALL 2007 Student Name: Students must complete all of the following SOFTWARE SYSTEMS (48 ­ 52 Units) CMPT 120/125 or CMPT 128

157

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar.  

E-print Network

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. 1 FOR STUDENTS APPROVED AS SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJORS BEGINNING FALL 2010 Student Name: Students must complete all of the following SYSTEMS ONE (1518 Units) SOFTWARE SYSTEMS (4243 Units

158

Operative Planning of the Production Program in a Textile Enterprise with the Help of MKO-1 Software System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes an application of MKO-1 software system in the operative planning of the production program of the spinning department in a textile enterprise. Brief analysis of the software systems for multicriteria optimization recently developed is presented. The main features of the general purpose software system MKO-1, which is intended to aid the solution of linear and linear integer

Mariana Vassileva

159

NEAMS Software Licensing, Release, and Distribution: Implications for FY2013 Work Package Planning  

SciTech Connect

The vision of the NEAMS program is to bring truly predictive modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities to the nuclear engineering community in order to enable a new approach to the analysis of nuclear systems. NEAMS anticipates issuing in FY 2018 a full release of its computational 'Fermi Toolkit' aimed at advanced reactor and fuel cycles. The NEAMS toolkit involves extensive software development activities, some of which have already been underway for several years, however, the Advanced Modeling and Simulation Office (AMSO), which sponsors the NEAMS program, has not yet issued any official guidance regarding software licensing, release, and distribution policies. This motivated an FY12 task in the Capability Transfer work package to develop and recommend an appropriate set of policies. The current preliminary report is intended to provide awareness of issues with implications for work package planning for FY13. We anticipate a small amount of effort associated with putting into place formal licenses and contributor agreements for NEAMS software which doesn't already have them. We do not anticipate any additional effort or costs associated with software release procedures or schedules beyond those dictated by the quality expectations for the software. The largest potential costs we anticipate would be associated with the setup and maintenance of shared code repositories for development and early access to NEAMS software products. We also anticipate an opportunity, with modest associated costs, to work with the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) to clarify export control assessment policies for software under development.

Bernholdt, David E [ORNL

2012-06-01

160

Quality assurance (QA) plan for computer software supporting the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's high-level waste management program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quality assurance plan has been developed for computer software created and\\/or maintained by Sandia National Laboratories, Division 6431, and subsequently transferred to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission in support of its high-level waste management program. The plan contains requirements for software storage and documentation, as well as a brief description of the program maintenance process. Division 6431 has established

G. F. Wilkinson; G. E. Runkle

1986-01-01

161

42 CFR 422.52 - Eligibility to elect an MA plan for special needs individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...needs individual (Special Needs MA plan, or SNP), the individual must meet the eligibility...this section, to be eligible to elect an SNP, an individual must: (1) Meet the...eligibility requirements for that specific SNP; and (3) Be eligible to elect an...

2011-10-01

162

42 CFR 422.52 - Eligibility to elect an MA plan for special needs individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...needs individual (Special Needs MA plan, or SNP), the individual must meet the eligibility...this section, to be eligible to elect an SNP, an individual must: (1) Meet the...eligibility requirements for that specific SNP; and (3) Be eligible to elect an...

2012-10-01

163

42 CFR 422.52 - Eligibility to elect an MA plan for special needs individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...needs individual (Special Needs MA plan, or SNP), the individual must meet the eligibility...this section, to be eligible to elect an SNP, an individual must: (1) Meet the...eligibility requirements for that specific SNP; and (3) Be eligible to elect an...

2013-10-01

164

42 CFR 422.52 - Eligibility to elect an MA plan for special needs individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...needs individual (Special Needs MA plan, or SNP), the individual must meet the eligibility...this section, to be eligible to elect an SNP, an individual must: (1) Meet the...eligibility requirements for that specific SNP; and (3) Be eligible to elect an...

2010-10-01

165

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per calendar year) None Individual $1,000 Individual  

E-print Network

(except any penalty amounts) may be used to satisfy the Payment Limit. Rice University Effective Date: 07 deductible 03/05/2014 Page 1 #12;PLAN DESIGN & BENEFITS ADMINISTERED BY AETNA LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY Rice Diagnostic Laboratory Diagnostic X-ray Diagnostic X-ray for Complex Imaging Service EMERGENCY MEDICAL CARE

166

IT'S MINE: Initiating Treatment Success--My Individualized Nutrition and Exercise Plan.  

PubMed

The authors' class structure incorporates individual meal and exercise planning in the group setting. This study was conducted to (1) determine if class participants can create their own meal and exercise plans, (2) determine if class participants feel they will be able to adhere to their meal and exercise plans, and (3) assess adherence to the plans over time. Subjects were recruited from the classes offered at the Joslin Diabetes Center. Following completion of class, patients completed the evaluation questionnaire. Two and 6 months later, study participants received follow-up questionnaires by phone or mail. Among respondents, 63% were able to determine their own carbohydrate goals, with 95.9% indicating they could adhere to the plan, and 82.8% felt the plan would be easier than previous ones. At 2 and 6 months, respectively, 89% and 92% of the participants felt they were following the meal plan either some or most of the time. One hundred percent of the respondents were able to determine their own exercise plan, with 98% indicating they could adhere to the plan, and 85.7% felt the new plan would be easier than previous ones. At 2 and 6 months, respectively, 70% and 73% felt they were following their exercise plan either some or most of the time. Individualized meal and exercise plans can be successfully created in a group setting. PMID:15797849

Kearns, JoAnn W; Kemmis, Karen; Ploutz-Snyder, Robert; Weinstock, Ruth S

2005-01-01

167

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization Plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference that documents the plans of each organization for office automation, identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations, and encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan.

Fenske, K.R.

1991-11-01

168

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software. Revision 3  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization Plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference that documents the plans of each organization for office automation, identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations, and encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan.

Fenske, K.R.

1991-11-01

169

38 CFR 21.8080 - Requirement for an individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans-Spina Bifida and Covered Birth Defects Individualized Written Plan of Vocational Rehabilitation §...

2010-07-01

170

Parking and routing information system phase 1 evaluation -- Individual evaluation test plans  

SciTech Connect

A parking and routing information system (PARIS) is being designed and deployed at a test site on the Mountain Home Veterans Administration campus in Johnson City, Tennessee using three sensor technologies. The purpose of the PARIS project is to demonstrate innovative integration of vehicle sensing technologies with parking management strategies to improve mobility and relieve congestion associated with a growing medical/technology complex. This technical memorandum presents the four individual evaluation test plans, System Performance Individual Evaluation Test Plan, User Acceptance Individual Evaluation Test Plan, Institutional and Business Issues Individual Evaluation Test Plan, and Transportation Systems Individual Evaluation Test Plan, which were developed to support ORNL`s responsibilities and functions during the four studies. The plans define the level of effort required to satisfy the data collection, processing, and analysis requirements for the assessment of the system performance, user acceptance, institutional and business issues, and transportation systems components of the PARIS phase 1 evaluation. Each plan is divided into three subsections: executive summary, detailed study design, and study management.

Carter, R.J.

1997-04-01

171

Visualization support for risk-informed decision making when planning and managing software developments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Key decisions are made in the early stages of planning and management of software developments. The information basis for these decisions is often a mix of analogy with past developments, and the best judgments of domain experts. Visualization of this information can support to such decision making by clarifying the status of the information and yielding insights into the ramifications of that information vis-a-vis decision alternatives.

Feather, Martin S.; Kiper, James D.; Menzies, Tim

2005-01-01

172

Configuration management plan. System definition and project development. Repository Based Software Engineering (RBSE) program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the configuration management Plan for the AdaNet Repository Based Software Engineering (RBSE) contract. This document establishes the requirements and activities needed to ensure that the products developed for the AdaNet RBSE contract are accurately identified, that proposed changes to the product are systematically evaluated and controlled, that the status of all change activity is known at all times, and that the product achieves its functional performance requirements and is accurately documented.

Mckay, Charles

1991-01-01

173

Student Knowledge and Perceptions of Individual Transition Planning and Its Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although increased attention in special education has been given to individual transition planning, little research has been done to assess student opinions and knowledge on this process. The majority of research has focused on "best practice" to ensure quality transition planning for students. This study surveyed 103 students receiving special…

Williams-Diehm, Kendra L.; Lynch, Patricia S.

2007-01-01

174

A Full-Featured User Friendly CO{sub 2}-EOR and Sequestration Planning Software  

SciTech Connect

A Full-Featured, User Friendly CO{sub 2}-EOR and Sequestration Planning Software This project addressed the development of an integrated software solution that includes a graphical user interface, numerical simulation, visualization tools and optimization processes for reservoir simulation modeling of CO{sub 2}-EOR. The objective was to assist the industry in the development of domestic energy resources by expanding the application of CO{sub 2}-EOR technologies, and ultimately to maximize the CO{sub 2} sequestration capacity of the U.S. The software resulted in a field-ready application for the industry to address the current CO{sub 2}-EOR technologies. The software has been made available to the public without restrictions and with user friendly operating documentation and tutorials. The software (executable only) can be downloaded from NITEC’s website at www.nitecllc.com. This integrated solution enables the design, optimization and operation of CO{sub 2}-EOR processes for small and mid-sized operators, who currently cannot afford the expensive, time intensive solutions that the major oil companies enjoy. Based on one estimate, small oil fields comprise 30% of the of total economic resource potential for the application of CO{sub 2}-EOR processes in the U.S. This corresponds to 21.7 billion barrels of incremental, technically recoverable oil using the current “best practices”, and 31.9 billion barrels using “next-generation” CO{sub 2}-EOR techniques. The project included a Case Study of a prospective CO{sub 2}-EOR candidate field in Wyoming by a small independent, Linc Energy Petroleum Wyoming, Inc. NITEC LLC has an established track record of developing innovative and user friendly software. The Principle Investigator is an experienced manager and engineer with expertise in software development, numerical techniques, and GUI applications. Unique, presently-proprietary NITEC technologies have been integrated into this application to further its ease of use and technical functionality.

Savage, Bill

2013-11-30

175

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary

Kent Norris

2010-01-01

176

SWEPP Assay System Version 2.0 software test plan and report  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Stored Waste Examination Pilot Plant (SWEPP) operations staff use nondestructive analysis methods to characterize the radiological contents of contact- handled waste containers. Containers of waste from Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site and other DOE sites are currently stored at SWEPP. Before these containers can be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), SWEPP must verify compliance with storage, shipping, and disposal requirements. One part of the SWEPP program measures neutron emissions from the containers and estimates the mass of plutonium and other transuranic (TRU) isotopes present. A Passive/Active Neutron (PAN) assay system developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory is used to perform these measurements. A computer program named NEUT2 was used to perform the data acquisition and reduction functions for the neutron measurements. NEUT2 uses the analysis methodology outlined, but no formal documentation exists on the software itself The SWEPP Assay System (SAS) computer program replaced the NEUT2 software. The SAS software was developed using an `object model` approach. The new software incorporates the basic analysis algorithms found in NEUT2. Additional improvements include an improved user interface, the ability to change analysis parameters without having to modify the code, and other features for maintainability. The primary purpose of this test plan and report is to document the test process and to verify that the requirements for the SAS are implemented correctly. This test plan and report satisfies the testing requirements of ASME NQA-1-1994 Supplement 11S-2 for a Quality Level 2 application. The intended audiences for this test plan are the developers and verification and validation analysts for the SAS.

Ferguson, J.J.; Overlin, T.K.

1996-07-01

177

Balancing Plan-Driven and Agile Methods in Software Engineering Project Courses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past 6 years, we have been teaching a two-semester software engineering project course. The students organize into 5-person teams and develop largely web-based electronic services projects for real USC campus clients. We have been using and evolving a method called Model- Based (System) Architecting and Software Engineering (MBASE) for use in both the course and in industrial applications. The MBASE Guidelines include a lot of documents. We teach risk-driven documentation: if it is risky to document something, and not risky to leave it out (e.g., GUI screen placements), leave it out. Even so, students tend to associate more documentation with higher grades, although our grading eventually discourages this. We are always on the lookout for ways to have students learn best practices without having to produce excessive documentation. Thus, we were very interested in analyzing the various emerging agile methods. We found that agile methods and milestone plan-driven methods are part of a “how much planning is enough?” spectrum. Both agile and plan-driven methods have home grounds of project characteristics where they clearly work best, and where the other will have difficulties. Hybrid agile/plan-driven approaches are feasible, and necessary for projects having a mix of agile and plan-driven home ground characteristics. Information technology trends are going more toward the agile methods' home ground characteristics of emergent requirements and rapid change, although there is a concurrent increase in concern with dependability. As a result, we are currently experimenting with risk-driven combinations of MBASE and agile methods, such as integrating requirements, test plans, peer reviews, and pair programming into “agile quality management.”

Boehm, Barry; Port, Dan; Winsor Brown, A.

2002-09-01

178

The Dilemma of High Level Planning in Distributed Agile Software Projects: An Action Research Study in a Danish Bank  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The chapter reports on an action research study with the aim to design a high level planning process in distributed and co-located software projects based on agile methods. The main contributions are the insight that high level planning process is highly integrated with other project disciplines and specific steps has to be taken to apply the process in distributed projects; and the action research approach is indeed suitable to software process improvements.

Svejvig, Per; Fladkjær Nielsen, Ann-Dorte

179

Introducing the Personal Software Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The personal software process (PSP) has been developed by the Software Engineering Institute (SEI) to address the improvement needs of individual software engineers. It should also be of help to small projects and modest-sized software organizations. In a one-semester graduate-level course, engineers are introduced to measurement, planning, and quality control methods. A defined sequence of programming exercises are used to

Watts S. Humphrey

1995-01-01

180

Assessing software upgrades, plan properties and patient geometry using intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) complexity metrics  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the sensitivity of different metrics to detect differences in complexity of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans following upgrades, changes to planning parameters, and patient geometry. Correlations between complexity metrics are also assessed. Method: A program was developed to calculate a series of metrics used to describe the complexity of IMRT fields using monitor units (MUs) and multileaf collimator files: Modulation index (MI), modulation complexity score (MCS), and plan intensity map variation (PIMV). Each metric, including the MUs, was used to assess changes in beam complexity for six prostate patients, following upgrades in the inverse planning optimization software designed to incorporate direct aperture optimization (DAO). All beams were delivered to a 2D ionization chamber array and compared to those calculated using gamma analysis. Each complexity metric was then calculated for all beams, on a different set of six prostate IMRT patients, to assess differences between plans calculated using different minimum field sizes and different maximum segment numbers. Different geometries, including CShape, prostate, and head and neck phantoms, were also assessed using the metrics. Correlations between complexity metrics were calculated for 20 prostate IMRT patients. Results: MU, MCS, MI, and PIMV could all detect reduced complexity following an upgrade to the optimization leaf sequencer, although only MI and MCS could detect a reduction in complexity when one-step optimization (DAO) was employed rather than two-step optimization. All metrics detected a reduction in complexity when the minimum field size was increased from 1 to 4 cm and all apart from PIMV detected reduced complexity when the number of segments was significantly reduced. All metrics apart from MI showed differences in complexity depending on the treatment site. Significant correlations exist between all metrics apart from MI and PIMV for prostate IMRT patients. Treatment deliverability appeared to be more correlated with MI and MCS than MU or PIMV. Conclusions: The application of complexity metrics in the IMRT treatment planning process has been demonstrated. Complexity of treatment plans can vary for different inverse planning software versions and can depend on planning parameters and the treatment site. MCS is most suitable for inclusion within the cost function to limit complexity in IMRT optimization due to its sensitivity to complexity changes and correlation to treatment deliverability.

McGarry, Conor K.; Chinneck, Candice D.; O'Toole, Monica M.; O'Sullivan, Joe M; Prise, Kevin M.; Hounsell, Alan R. [Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Clinical Oncology, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)

2011-04-15

181

Methods for inclusion: Employing think aloud protocols in software usability studies with individuals who are deaf  

Microsoft Academic Search

Usability is an important step in the software and product design cycle. There are a number of methodologies such as talk aloud protocol, and cognitive walkthrough that can be employed in usability evaluations. However, many of these methods are not designed to include users with disabilities. Legislation and good design practice should provide incentives for researchers in this field to

Vera Louise Roberts; Deborah I. Fels

2006-01-01

182

Using Speech Recognition Software to Increase Writing Fluency for Individuals with Physical Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with physical disabilities often have difficulty with writing fluency, despite the use of various strategies, adaptations, and assistive technology (AT). One possible intervention is the use of speech recognition software, although there is little research on its impact on students with physical disabilities. This study used an…

Garrett, Jennifer Tumlin; Heller, Kathryn Wolff; Fowler, Linda P.; Alberto, Paul A.; Fredrick, Laura D.; O'Rourke, Colleen M.

2011-01-01

183

Pair programming and the re-appropriation of individual tools for collaborative software  

E-print Network

out if one considers the regularity with which more than one programmer is seen at a computer terminal working on a debugging problem, assisting in design or simply providing `another set of eyes'. One form and interactions over processes and tools Working software over comprehensive documentation Customer collaboration

Romero, Pablo

184

Software Verification and Validation Plan Activities, 2011, Project Number: N6423, SAPHIRE Version 8  

SciTech Connect

The SV&V Plan experienced changes over the past year to bring it into the operational software life cycle of SAPHIRE 8 and to maintain its sections on design features. Peer review of the SVVP with the former IV&V members identified the need for the operational use of metrics as a tool for quality maintenance and improvement. New tests were added to the SVVP to verify the operation of the new design features incorporated into SAPHIRE 8. Other additions to the SVVP were the addition of software metrics and the PDR and CDR processes. Audit support was provided for the NRC Technical Manager and Project Manager for the NRC OIG Audit performed throughout 2011. The SVVP is considered to be an up to date reference and useful roadmap of verification and validation activities going forward.

Kurt G. Vedros; Curtis L. Smith

2011-11-01

185

Benefits of Matching Domain Structure for Planning Software: The Right Stuff  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We investigated the role of domain structure in software design. We compared 2 planning applications, for a Mission Control group (International Space Station), and measured users speed and accuracy. Based on our needs analysis, we identified domain structure and used this to develop new prototype software that matched domain structure better than the legacy system. We took a high-fidelity analog of the natural task into the laboratory and found (large) periformance differences, favoring the system that matched domain structure. Our task design enabled us to attribute better periormance to better match of domain structure. We ran through the whole development cycle, in miniature, from needs analysis through design, development, and evaluation. Doing so enabled inferences not just about the particular systems compared, but also provided evidence for the viability of the design process (particularly needs analysis) that we are exploring.

Billman, Dorrit Owen; Arsintescu, Lucica; Feary, Michael S.; Lee, Jessica Chia-Rong; Smith, Asha Halima; Tiwary, Rachna

2011-01-01

186

The Dilemma of High Level Planning in Distributed Agile Software Projects: An Action Research Study in a Danish Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chapter reports on an action research study with the aim to design a high level planning process in distributed and co-located software projects based on agile methods. The main contributions are the insight that high level planning process is highly integrated with other project disciplines and specific steps has to be taken to apply the process in distributed projects;

Per Svejvig; Ann-Dorte Fladkjær Nielsen

2010-01-01

187

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Software: Designs and Data Analyses for Sampling Contaminated Buildings  

SciTech Connect

A new module of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software has been developed to provide sampling designs and data analyses for potentially contaminated buildings. An important application is assessing levels of contamination in buildings after a terrorist attack. This new module, funded by DHS through the Combating Terrorism Technology Support Office, Technical Support Working Group, was developed to provide a tailored, user-friendly and visually-orientated buildings module within the existing VSP software toolkit, the latest version of which can be downloaded from http://dqo.pnl.gov/vsp. In case of, or when planning against, a chemical, biological, or radionuclide release within a building, the VSP module can be used to quickly and easily develop and visualize technically defensible sampling schemes for walls, floors, ceilings, and other surfaces to statistically determine if contamination is present, its magnitude and extent throughout the building and if decontamination has been effective. This paper demonstrates the features of this new VSP buildings module, which include: the ability to import building floor plans or to easily draw, manipulate, and view rooms in several ways; being able to insert doors, windows and annotations into a room; 3-D graphic room views with surfaces labeled and floor plans that show building zones that have separate air handing units. The paper will also discuss the statistical design and data analysis options available in the buildings module. Design objectives supported include comparing an average to a threshold when the data distribution is normal or unknown, and comparing measurements to a threshold to detect hotspots or to insure most of the area is uncontaminated when the data distribution is normal or unknown.

Pulsipher, Brent A.; Wilson, John E.; Gilbert, Richard O.; Nuffer, Lisa L.; Hassig, Nancy L.

2005-05-11

188

The Relationship of Individual Career Plans to Programs of Study and Career Pathways. Transition Highlights. Issue 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the concept of individual student planning developed as a component of school guidance counseling programs. The underlying significance of these plans, such as the Individual Career Plan (ICP), is that "it gives [students] a chance to tell and develop their story" (N. Gysbers, personal communication,…

Kalchik, Stephanie; Oertle, Kathleen Marie

2011-01-01

189

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software. Revision 4  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software (ANL/TM, Revision 4) to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference document that (1) documents the plans of each organization for office automation, (2) identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations and (3) encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations (ANL/TM 458) and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 466).

Fenske, K.R.; Rockwell, V.S.

1992-08-01

190

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software  

SciTech Connect

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software (ANL/TM, Revision 4) to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL. Laboratory planners, service providers, and people involved in office automation may find the Survey useful. It is for internal use only, and any unauthorized use is prohibited. Readers of the Survey should use it as a reference document that (1) documents the plans of each organization for office automation, (2) identifies appropriate planners and other contact people in those organizations and (3) encourages the sharing of this information among those people making plans for organizations and decisions about office automation. The Survey supplements information in both the ANL Statement of Site Strategy for Computing Workstations (ANL/TM 458) and the ANL Site Response for the DOE Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 466).

Fenske, K.R.; Rockwell, V.S.

1992-08-01

191

Assessment to Guide Individualized Transition Plans from School to Post-School for Children Ages 14+ with Moderate Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a part of the Individualized Education Plan (IEP), special education teachers work along with their student with special needs and their parent(s)/guardian(s) to create and implement Individualized Transition Plans (ITP) to assist the student with their transition to the post-school environment. As mandated by Individuals with Disabilities…

Skidmore, Kevin

2014-01-01

192

BEGINNINGS: An Interim Individualized Family Service Plan for Use in the Intensive Care Nursery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes BEGINNINGS, an interim Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) for use in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). It discusses the rationale that supports the process, the format, and recommendations for its implementation. The program's early intervention services help to identify supports and to facilitate transition to…

Browne, Joy V.; Langlois, Aimee; Ross, Erin Sandseth; Smith-Sharp, Suzanne

2001-01-01

193

DRAFT 8.21.09 The Individual Development Plan for Interdisciplinary Graduate Students  

E-print Network

DRAFT 8.21.09 The Individual Development Plan for Interdisciplinary Graduate Students Purpose development, the IDP is increasingly recognized as an important instrument for graduate students. A well these goals, graduate students are better able to identify and participate in professional development

Weiblen, George D

194

Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) Meetings and Mexican American Parents: Let's Talk About It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the relation between Mexican American parents and the special education system, especially the Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) meetings. Within this narrative account, 10 Mexican American women were interviewed throughout a school year to comprehend how they felt about their experiences during IEP meetings concerning…

Salas, Loretta

2004-01-01

195

Use of a pediatric diet history form to create individualized, consistent carbohydrate meal plans.  

PubMed

As hospital length-of-stays decrease for children newly diagnosed with diabetes, there is an increased need to be time efficient while still providing the best quality care. The pediatric diet history form can save time while identifying important components necessary to write an individualized, consistent carbohydrate meal plan that is both flexible and realistic. PMID:9830949

McLennan, C L; Hartz, D J

1998-01-01

196

The ongoing growth of defined contribution and individual account plans: issues and implications.  

PubMed

This Issue Brief discusses the implications of the growth of defined contribution (DC) retirement plans and individual account plans and the subsequent impact on employers, employees, and retirement planning. It also presents a look at data regarding contributions to retirement plans, employer trends regarding retirement plans, and the potential impact of changes to the federal Social Security retirement system. The findings and data in this article are drawn from material presented at a policy forum sponsored by the Employee Benefit Research Institute Education and Research Fund (EBRI-ERF) Dec. 7, 2001, in Washington, DC. Today, prospective retirees need to be able to generate about 75 percent of their current income to maintain their standard of living in retirement, up from 63 percent of their income in 1997, according to the Replacement Ratio Study, by Aon Corporation and Georgia State University. However, the most recent data show a decline in the percentage of income that average employees are saving. While it is too early to quantify, it does not appear that the retirement provisions in the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA) are strongly influencing the movement to DC plans. However, employers appear very interested in the provisions of the new law with regard to both defined benefit (DB) retirement plans and DC plans. The number of large employers offering DB plans continues to decline, from 85 percent in 1990 to 73 percent in 2000, according to the Hewitt study. Although employers may have little influence over some factors that affect participation rates in voluntary retirement plans, they have various options to increase participation rates, such as "matching" employee contributions, offering loan features, and providing education to employees about the plans. PMID:11951730

Miller, Lynn

2002-03-01

197

Fitting heteroscedastic regression models to individual pharmacokinetic data using standard statistical software  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the analysis of individual pharmacokinetic data by nonlinear regression it is important to allow for possible heterogeneity of variance in the response. Two common methods of doing this are weighted least squares with appropriate weights or data transformation using a suitable transform. With either approach it is appealing to let the data determine the appropriate choice of weighting scheme

David M. Giltinan; David Ruppert

1989-01-01

198

NOTE: Individual radiation therapy patient whole-body phantoms for peripheral dose evaluations: method and specific software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study presents a method aimed at creating radiotherapy (RT) patient-adjustable whole-body phantoms to permit retrospective and prospective peripheral dose evaluations for enhanced patient radioprotection. Our strategy involves virtual whole-body patient models (WBPM) in different RT treatment positions for both genders and for different age groups. It includes a software tool designed to match the anatomy of the phantoms with the anatomy of the actual patients, based on the quality of patient data available. The procedure for adjusting a WBPM to patient morphology includes typical dimensions available in basic auxological tables for the French population. Adjustment is semi-automatic. Because of the complexity of the human anatomy, skilled personnel are required to validate changes made in the phantom anatomy. This research is part of a global project aimed at proposing appropriate methods and software tools capable of reconstituting the anatomy and dose evaluations in the entire body of RT patients in an adapted treatment planning system (TPS). The graphic user interface is that of a TPS adapted to obtain a comfortable working process. Such WBPM have been used to supplement patient therapy planning images, usually restricted to regions involved in treatment. Here we report, as an example, the case of a patient treated for prostate cancer whose therapy planning images were complemented by an anatomy model. Although present results are preliminary and our research is ongoing, they appear encouraging, since such patient-adjusted phantoms are crucial in the optimization of radiation protection of patients and for follow-up studies.

Alziar, I.; Bonniaud, G.; Couanet, D.; Ruaud, J. B.; Vicente, C.; Giordana, G.; Ben-Harrath, O.; Diaz, J. C.; Grandjean, P.; Kafrouni, H.; Chavaudra, J.; Lefkopoulos, D.; de Vathaire, F.; Diallo, I.

2009-09-01

199

Designing and Implementing a Distributed System Architecture for the Mars Rover Mission Planning Software (Maestro)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Distributed systems allow scientists from around the world to plan missions concurrently, while being updated on the revisions of their colleagues in real time. However, permitting multiple clients to simultaneously modify a single data repository can quickly lead to data corruption or inconsistent states between users. Since our message broker, the Java Message Service, does not ensure that messages will be received in the order they were published, we must implement our own numbering scheme to guarantee that changes to mission plans are performed in the correct sequence. Furthermore, distributed architectures must ensure that as new users connect to the system, they synchronize with the database without missing any messages or falling into an inconsistent state. Robust systems must also guarantee that all clients will remain synchronized with the database even in the case of multiple client failure, which can occur at any time due to lost network connections or a user's own system instability. The final design for the distributed system behind the Mars rover mission planning software fulfills all of these requirements and upon completion will be deployed to MER at the end of 2005 as well as Phoenix (2007) and MSL (2009).

Goldgof, Gregory M.

2005-01-01

200

38 CFR 21.8082 - Inability of child to complete individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Inability of child to complete individualized written plan...Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans and Veterans with...Rehabilitation § 21.8082 Inability of child to complete individualized written...

2013-07-01

201

38 CFR 21.8082 - Inability of child to complete individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Inability of child to complete individualized written plan...Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans and Veterans with...Rehabilitation § 21.8082 Inability of child to complete individualized written...

2011-07-01

202

38 CFR 21.8082 - Inability of child to complete individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Inability of child to complete individualized written plan...Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans and Veterans with...Rehabilitation § 21.8082 Inability of child to complete individualized written...

2012-07-01

203

38 CFR 21.8082 - Inability of child to complete individualized written plan of vocational rehabilitation or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Inability of child to complete individualized written plan...Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans-Spina Bifida and...Rehabilitation § 21.8082 Inability of child to complete individualized written...

2010-07-01

204

SciBox: A Software Library for Rapid Development of Science Operation Simulation, Planning, and Command Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

ciBox is an APL-developed software library designed specifi cally for space operation simulation, planning, and commanding. It is not a ready-to-use application but rather a toolbox for rapid development of customized, focused software applications. It was built to meet the needs of several programs under development in the APL Space Department. The SciBox library is constructed with an extensible architecture

Teck H. Choo; Joseph P. Skura

205

77 FR 50727 - Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants.'' The DG-1206 is...Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants'' is temporarily...

2012-08-22

206

Technical Documentation and Verification for the Buildings Module in the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Software  

SciTech Connect

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) is an easy-to-use visual and graphic statistically-based software tool being developed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to help determine the appropriate number and location of environmental samples so that environmental decisions can be made with the required confidence. The VSP software, which is available free at http://dqo.pnl.gov/vsp, is a significant aid in developing probability-based sampling designs (number and location of samples and measurements) using the Data Quality Objectives (DQO) planning process developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). VSP also has the capability of conducted statistical analyses to provide descriptive statistical summaries of data sets, to test whether data are normally distributed, and to compute upper confidence limits on means. This report is the latest in a series of reports that document the statistical methods used in VSP [Davidson (2001), Gilbert et al. (2001), Gilbert et a l. (2002), and Gilbert et al. (2003)] and the quality assurance (QA) activities conducted by PNNL to verify that VSP computations are correct and accurate. This report focuses on the VSP buildings module that was developed with support from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Combating Terrorism Technology Support Office (CTTSO), Technical Support Working Group (TSWG). Section 1.0 provides an introduction and overview of the buildings module, while Section 2.0 describes the statistical computations and methods used. Section 3.0 provides the results of the QA activities. Section 4.0 is the reference list. The QA verification results in Section 3.0 demonstrate that VSP is providing correct and accurate computations for: (1) the number of samples required for the various sampling objectives and design options; (2) all statistical calculations, including descriptive statistics, statistical tests for evaluating if data are normally distributed, and upper confidence limits on the mean, and (3) the graphs of data used to visually evaluate if data are normally distributed

Gilbert, Richard O.; Wilson, John E.; Pulsipher, Brent A.; Hassig, Nancy L.; Nuffer, Lisa L.

2005-06-30

207

Mission planning, mission analysis and software formulation. Level C requirements for the shuttle mission control center orbital guidance software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The formulation of Level C requirements for guidance software was reported. Requirements for a PEG supervisor which controls all input/output interfaces with other processors and determines which PEG mode is to be utilized were studied in detail. A description of the two guidance modes for which Level C requirements have been formulated was presented. Functions required for proper execution of the guidance software were defined. The requirements for a navigation function that is used in the prediction logic of PEG mode 4 were discussed. It is concluded that this function is extracted from the current navigation FSSR.

Langston, L. J.

1976-01-01

208

Prism: a New Approach to Radiotherapy Planning Software Ira J. Kalet, Ph.D., Jonathan P. Jacky, Ph.D.,  

E-print Network

Prism: a New Approach to Radiotherapy Planning Software Ira J. Kalet, Ph.D., Jonathan P. Jacky, Ph and Physics. Communications and reprint requests to: Ira J. Kalet Radiation Oncology Department University of Washington Box 356043 Seattle, Washington 98195-6043 Tel: (206) 548-4107 E-mail: ira

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

209

Migrating data from TcSE to DOORS : an evaluation of the T-Plan Integrator software application.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes our evaluation of the T-Plan Integrator software application as it was used to transfer a real data set from the Teamcenter for Systems Engineering (TcSE) software application to the DOORS software application. The T-Plan Integrator was evaluated to determine if it would meet the needs of Sandia National Laboratories to migrate our existing data sets from TcSE to DOORS. This report presents the struggles of migrating data and focuses on how the Integrator can be used to map a data set and its data architecture from TcSE to DOORS. Finally, this report describes how the bulk of the migration can take place using the Integrator; however, about 20-30% of the data would need to be transferred from TcSE to DOORS manually. This report does not evaluate the transfer of data from DOORS to TcSE.

Post, Debra S. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Manzanares, David A.; Taylor, Jeffrey L.

2011-02-01

210

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer to the SFU Calendar. Updated: 7/4/13  

E-print Network

SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJOR GRADUATION PLAN This is a guideline only. For full regulations refer. Updated: 7/4/13 1 FOR STUDENTS APPROVED AS SOFTWARE SYSTEMS MAJORS BEGINNING FALL 2012 Student Name: Students must complete all of the following SOFTWARE SYSTEMS (6061 Units) CMPT 105W

211

[Health promotion. Planning process of health promotion programs for individuals with arthritis].  

PubMed

Based on the health conception viewed from the literature on nursing and by the clients, health is defined as a living experience, or as a perception of wellness in this study. That is, it is the perceived wellness that the individual obtains by wholistically integrating all dimensions of health where ever the individual stands in the health continuum. Thus health exists independently, regardless of illness or disability, because the individual is able to perceive the wellness within limitations imposed to him/her. Also, based on the health conception defined in this study and the literature review on health promotion, health promotion is defined as the process of enhancing the perception of wellness (i.e., living experience), where ever the individual stands in the health continuum. Therefore, health promotive care represents the process of making client help himself to improve health experience/perception of wellness by selecting and/or integrating the individual or social health parameters (determinants) based on his reality. After analyzing the data which is provided from the related literature and the results from the descriptive/exploratory research on this group of clients, and then applying those analysis results to the PRECEDE model, planning process for health promotion program is established. However, as planning process is only based on data from literature in the first stage, it will be modified appropriately according to the assessment feedback from the direct participation of client in the following study. Based on the planning model refined through this assessment process, health promotion program is to be developed, implemented and evaluated. Planning process of health promotion for clients with arthritis is begun from the assessment of health outcome as the first phase. It is analyzed from this study that clients with arthritis indicates lower quality of life/satisfaction than the other groups from the several research findings indicate. In the second phase, according to the analysis results in the first phase, clients' health problems (perceived seriousness about illness, uncertainty in illness, helplessness, difficulty of movement), which affect the low quality of life, are identified and then program objective for each problem is demonstrated. As an objective for the perceived seriousness about illness, relief of the mistrust on the general effects of treatment for illness is determined through appropriate data analysis. And clients' accumulation of accurate knowledge on the nature of illness is determined as an objective, for reducing uncertainty in the illness. Also enhancement of distraction ability and self-efficacy perception is defined as objectives for reducing physical, psychological and social helplessness.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:7953876

Oh, H S; Kim, Y R

1993-01-01

212

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kent Norris

2010-02-01

213

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kent Norris

2010-03-01

214

EB 2011 Trainee Symposium on The Individual Development Plan ÃÂ Plotting a Career Trajectory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Individual Development Plans (IDPs) provide a planning process that helps identify both career objectives and professional development needs. IDPs have been successfully incorporated into the performance review process by many business organizations. Creation of an IDP can be especially helpful in career planning for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in the sciences. Participants in this workshop will gain an understanding of how to create their own IDPs and will be provided tools and resources to get started. They will begin the process of self-assessment, learn how to effectively explore career options, become familiar with principles for effective goal setting, and discuss how to find and work with mentors to implement their plan. As part of the career exploration process, participants will have the opportunity to get inside information about a wide variety of career fields by meeting in small groups with scientists who work in diverse environments including academic medical centers, major research universities, small liberal arts college, the military, industry, and government.

Philip Clifford (Medical College of Wisconsin); Jennifer A Hobin (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology)

2011-04-13

215

78 FR 47014 - Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants.'' This RG endorses...used in the safety systems of a nuclear power plant. ADDRESSES: Please...

2013-08-02

216

Individualized margins in 3D conformal radiotherapy planning for lung cancer: analysis of physiological movements and their dosimetric impacts.  

PubMed

In conformal radiotherapy planning for lung cancer, respiratory movements are not taken into account when a single computed tomography (CT) scan is performed. This study examines tumor movements to design individualized margins to account for these movements and evaluates their dosimetric impacts on planning volume. Fifteen patients undergoing CT-based planning for radical radiotherapy for localized lung cancer formed the study cohort. A reference plan was constructed based on reference gross, clinical, and planning target volumes (rGTV, rCTV, and rPTV, respectively). The reference plans were compared with individualized plans using individualized margins obtained by using 5 serial CT scans to generate individualized target volumes (iGTV, iCTV, and iPTV). Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy was used for plan generation using 6- and 23-MV photon beams. Ten plans for each patient were generated and dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were calculated. Comparisons of volumetric and dosimetric parameters were performed using paired Student t-tests. Relative to the rGTV, the total volume occupied by the superimposed GTVs increased progressively with each additional CT scans. With the use of all 5 scans, the average increase in GTV was 52.1%. For the plans with closest dosimetric coverage, target volume was smaller (iPTV/rPTV ratio 0.808) but lung irradiation was only slightly decreased. Reduction in the proportion of lung tissue that received 20 Gy or more outside the PTV (V20) was observed both for 6-MV plans (-0.73%) and 23-MV plans (-0.65%), with p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, respectively. In conformal RT planning for the treatment of lung cancer, the use of serial CT scans to evaluate respiratory motion and to generate individualized margins to account for these motions produced only a limited lung sparing advantage. PMID:18262123

Germain, François; Beaulieu, Luc; Fortin, André

2008-01-01

217

Individualized Margins in 3D Conformal Radiotherapy Planning for Lung Cancer: Analysis of Physiological Movements and Their Dosimetric Impacts  

SciTech Connect

In conformal radiotherapy planning for lung cancer, respiratory movements are not taken into account when a single computed tomography (CT) scan is performed. This study examines tumor movements to design individualized margins to account for these movements and evaluates their dosimetric impacts on planning volume. Fifteen patients undergoing CT-based planning for radical radiotherapy for localized lung cancer formed the study cohort. A reference plan was constructed based on reference gross, clinical, and planning target volumes (rGTV, rCTV, and rPTV, respectively). The reference plans were compared with individualized plans using individualized margins obtained by using 5 serial CT scans to generate individualized target volumes (iGTV, iCTV, and iPTV). Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy was used for plan generation using 6- and 23-MV photon beams. Ten plans for each patient were generated and dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were calculated. Comparisons of volumetric and dosimetric parameters were performed using paired Student t-tests. Relative to the rGTV, the total volume occupied by the superimposed GTVs increased progressively with each additional CT scans. With the use of all 5 scans, the average increase in GTV was 52.1%. For the plans with closest dosimetric coverage, target volume was smaller (iPTV/rPTV ratio 0.808) but lung irradiation was only slightly decreased. Reduction in the proportion of lung tissue that received 20 Gy or more outside the PTV (V20) was observed both for 6-MV plans (-0.73%) and 23-MV plans (-0.65%), with p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, respectively. In conformal RT planning for the treatment of lung cancer, the use of serial CT scans to evaluate respiratory motion and to generate individualized margins to account for these motions produced only a limited lung sparing advantage.

Germain, Francois [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Laval University, Quebec (Canada)], E-mail: fgermain@bccancer.bc.ca; Beaulieu, Luc; Fortin, Andre [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Laval University, Quebec (Canada)

2008-04-01

218

Seamless transitions from early prototypes to mature operational software - A technology that enables the process for planning and scheduling applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New and innovative software technology is presented that provides a cost effective bridge for smoothly transitioning prototype software, in the field of planning and scheduling, into an operational environment. Specifically, this technology mixes the flexibility and human design efficiency of dynamic data typing with the rigor and run-time efficiencies of static data typing. This new technology provides a very valuable tool for conducting the extensive, up-front system prototyping that leads to specifying the correct system and producing a reliable, efficient version that will be operationally effective and will be accepted by the intended users.

Hornstein, Rhoda S.; Wunderlich, Dana A.; Willoughby, John K.

1992-01-01

219

Mission planning for Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIR-C) with a real-time interactive planning software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIR-C) mission will operate from the payload bay of the space shuttle for 8 days, gathering Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data over specific sites on the Earth. The short duration of the mission and the requirement for realtime planning offer challenges in mission planning and in the design of the Planning and Analysis Subsystem (PAS). The

Su K. Potts

1993-01-01

220

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan is to assess the approach to be taken for intended testing activities. The plan typically identifies the items to be tested, the requirements being tested, the testing to be performed, test schedules, personnel requirements, reporting requirements, evaluation criteria, and any risks requiring contingency planning. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

Kent Norris

2010-03-01

221

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2012-04-01

222

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2010-04-01

223

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2013-04-01

224

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2011-04-01

225

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

...2014-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2014-04-01

226

29 CFR 2520.101-3 - Notice of blackout periods under individual account plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a “blackout period.” Whether or not you are planning retirement in the near future, we encourage you to carefully...how this blackout period may affect your retirement planning, as well as your overall financial plan....

2010-07-01

227

MEDBASE: Strategic Planning and Implementation of an Army Medical Department Software Application.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this research is to provide recommendations for the strategy and implementation of MEDBASE an Army Medical Department (AMEDD) software application. MEDBASE began as an Army physician assistant's pet project used to ease medical readiness re...

F. S. Kim

2003-01-01

228

Standard Apprentice Plan: A Carefully Planned Program Designed to Train Individuals in the Skills of a Given Trade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document contains the General Motors Corporation-International Union United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (GM-UAW) Standard Apprentice Plan. The elements and provisions of the plan described are: purpose, equal opportunity pledge, requirements for admission, number of apprentices, length of training…

General Motors Corp., Detroit, MI.

229

Flight Software Issues in Onboard Automated Planning: Lessons Learned on EO1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning and scheduling systems for spacecraft operations have traditionally been an important step in the ground operations of mission planners. In the Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment (ASE), this step is moved onboard the Earth Observing-1 spacecraft. The ASE features several advanced technologies: onboard image processing, a robust execution engine, and onboard planning and scheduling. This paper focuses on the onboard planner

Daniel Tran; Steve Chien; Gregg Rabideau; Benjamin Cichy

2004-01-01

230

Establishing a PR Plan for Each School: Guidelines to Plan for Public Relations and Marketing for Individual Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are two plans for elementary and secondary school public relations and marketing. Emphasized are staff, parent, principal and student communication skills as well as activities designed to assess community and parent concerns. (SI)

Journal of Educational Public Relations, 1989

1989-01-01

231

Underground Gas Storage: Planning and Modeling with Simsim, a New Reservoir Engineering Software Tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel, simplified reservoir simulation software tool has been developed for reservoir engineers called SimSim. It combines the advantages of the simple material balance technique and complex numerical reservoir simulation: it keeps the simplicity and speed of the former, and has results like the latter, i.e. it can calculate pressure, saturation, fluid flux and hydrocarbons in place distributions. An example

Andras Gilicz; F. Pach

232

Initial experience of ArcCHECK and 3DVH software for RapidArc treatment plan verification.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to perform delivery quality assurance with ArcCHECK and 3DVH system (Sun Nuclear, FL) and to evaluate the suitability of this system for volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) (RapidArc [RA]) verification. This software calculates the delivered dose distributions in patients by perturbing the calculated dose using errors detected in fluence or planar dose measurements. The device is tested to correlate the gamma passing rate (%GP) and the composite dose predicted by 3DVH software. A total of 28 patients with prostate cancer who were treated with RA were analyzed. RA treatments were delivered to a diode array phantom (ArcCHECK), which was used to create a planned dose perturbation (PDP) file. The 3DVH analysis used the dose differences derived from comparing the measured dose with the treatment planning system (TPS)-calculated doses to perturb the initial TPS-calculated dose. The 3DVH then overlays the resultant dose on the patient's structures using the resultant "PDP" beams. Measured dose distributions were compared with the calculated ones using the gamma index (GI) method by applying the global (Van Dyk) normalization and acceptance criteria, i.e., 3%/3mm. Paired differences tests were used to estimate statistical significance of the differences between the composite dose calculated using 3DVH and %GP. Also, statistical correlation by means of logistic regression analysis has been analyzed. Dose-volume histogram (DVH) analysis for patient plans revealed small differences between treatment plan calculations and 3DVH results for organ at risk (OAR), whereas planning target volume (PTV) of the measured plan was systematically higher than that predicted by the TPS. The t-test results between the planned and the estimated DVH values showed that mean values were incomparable (p < 0.05). The quality assurance (QA) gamma analysis 3%/3mm showed that in all cases there were only weak-to-moderate correlations (Pearson r: 0.12 to 0.74). Moreover, clinically relevant differences increased with increasing QA passing rate, indicating that some of the largest dose differences occurred in the cases of high QA passing rates, which may be called "false negatives." The clinical importance of any disagreement between the measured and the calculated dose is often difficult to interpret; however, beam errors (either in delivery or in TPS calculation) can affect the effectiveness of the patient dose. Further research is needed to determinate the role of a PDP-type algorithm to accurately estimate patient dose effect. PMID:25088815

Infusino, Erminia; Mameli, Alessandra; Conti, Roberto; Gaudino, Diego; Stimato, Gerardina; Bellesi, Luca; D'Angelillo, Rolando Maria; Ramella, Sara; Benassi, Marcello; Trodella, Lucio

2014-01-01

233

Advanced communications technology satellite high burst rate link evaluation terminal power control and rain fade software test plan, version 1.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Power Control and Rain Fade Software was developed at the NASA Lewis Research Center to support the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite High Burst Rate Link Evaluation Terminal (ACTS HBR-LET). The HBR-LET is an experimenters terminal to communicate with the ACTS for various experiments by government, university, and industry agencies. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software is one segment of the Control and Performance Monitor (C&PM) Software system of the HBR-LET. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software automatically controls the LET uplink power to compensate for signal fades. Besides power augmentation, the C&PM Software system is also responsible for instrument control during HBR-LET experiments, control of the Intermediate Frequency Switch Matrix on board the ACTS to yield a desired path through the spacecraft payload, and data display. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software User's Guide, Version 1.0 outlines the commands and procedures to install and operate the Power Control and Rain Fade Software. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software Maintenance Manual, Version 1.0 is a programmer's guide to the Power Control and Rain Fade Software. This manual details the current implementation of the software from a technical perspective. Included is an overview of the Power Control and Rain Fade Software, computer algorithms, format representations, and computer hardware configuration. The Power Control and Rain Fade Test Plan provides a step-by-step procedure to verify the operation of the software using a predetermined signal fade event. The Test Plan also provides a means to demonstrate the capability of the software.

Reinhart, Richard C.

1993-01-01

234

ThermoData Engine (TDE): software implementation of the dynamic data evaluation concept. 5. Experiment planning and product design.  

PubMed

ThermoData Engine (TDE) is the first full-scale software implementation of the dynamic data evaluation concept, as reported recently in this journal. In the present paper, we describe development of an algorithmic approach to assist experiment planning through assessment of the existing body of knowledge, including availability of experimental thermophysical property data, variable ranges studied, associated uncertainties, state of prediction methods, and parameters for deployment of prediction methods and how these parameters can be obtained using targeted measurements, etc., and, indeed, how the intended measurement may address the underlying scientific or engineering problem under consideration. A second new feature described here is the application of the software capabilities for aid in the design of chemical products through identification of chemical systems possessing desired values of thermophysical properties within defined ranges of tolerance. The algorithms and their software implementation to achieve this are described. Finally, implementation of a new data validation and weighting system is described for vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data, and directions for future enhancements are outlined. PMID:21166466

Diky, Vladimir; Chirico, Robert D; Kazakov, Andrei F; Muzny, Chris D; Magee, Joseph W; Abdulagatov, Ilmutdin; Kang, Jeong Won; Kroenlein, Kenneth; Frenkel, Michael

2011-01-24

235

Putting Words in Their Mouths: The Alignment of Identities with System Goals through the Use of Individual Learning Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the role of Individual Learning Plans (ILPs) in teachers' work in the "Skills for Life" sector. It shows how ILPs, originally a means of formative assessment, have become part of a system of performance indicators and function as a key mediating mechanism between local interactions and system goals. The article draws on…

Hamilton, Mary

2009-01-01

236

Science. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records (Secondary Level): Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by experienced migrant education teachers incorporating Sight and Sound Program concepts, this volume presents predrafted individual short-term Plan/Records for secondary level chemistry, biology, and physics, plus step-by-step directions for their use by Oregon resource teachers, classroom teachers, and aides. The approach assumes that…

Flores, Merced, Comp.

237

Personal Finance. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records (Secondary Level): Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by experienced migrant education teachers incorporating Sight and Sound Program concepts, this volume presents predrafted individual short-term Plan/Records for personal finance for secondary level students, plus step-by-step directions for their use by Oregon resource teachers, classroom teachers, and aides. This approach assumes that…

Flores, Merced, Comp.

238

Opportunity New England: A Plan to Build Regional Success on Innovative Individuals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasis on the individual is reshaping the business models of today's firms as they gear up to compete, not on products and services, but through innovation and the insight of individual workers. In the coming decade, meeting the human capital development needs of these firms and individuals will challenge New England's education and workforce…

Bergstrom, Kip; Soares, Louis

2006-01-01

239

Can Individualized Health Care Plans Help Increase Continence in Children with Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School-age children with dysfunctional elimination syndrome (DES) do not always have school support for their treatment plans, including an every 2-hr voiding schedule. The objective of this study was to increase school support of treatment plans by allowing access to bathrooms, thereby improving continence. An eight-question survey about bathroom…

Boisclair-Fahey, Anne

2009-01-01

240

Advanced software development workstation: Object-oriented methodologies and applications for flight planning and mission operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work accomplished during the past nine months in order to help three different organizations involved in Flight Planning and in Mission Operations systems, to transition to Object-Oriented Technology, by adopting one of the currently most widely used Object-Oriented analysis and Design Methodology is summarized.

Izygon, Michel

1993-01-01

241

42 CFR 436.212 - Individuals who would be eligible for cash assistance if the State plan for OAA, AFDC, AB, APTD...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Categorically Needy Options for Coverage of Families and Children and Aged, Blind, and Disabled Individuals, Including Pregnant Women § 436.212 Individuals who would be eligible for cash assistance if the State plan for OAA, AFDC, AB,...

2010-10-01

242

42 CFR 436.212 - Individuals who would be eligible for cash assistance if the State plan for OAA, AFDC, AB, APTD...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Categorically Needy Options for Coverage of Families and Children and Aged, Blind, and Disabled Individuals, Including Pregnant Women § 436.212 Individuals who would be eligible for cash assistance if the State plan for OAA, AFDC, AB,...

2011-10-01

243

Software Tools  

Cancer.gov

Software Tools What is caBIG®? NCI's Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG®) is a virtual network of interconnected data, individuals, and organizations that redefines how research is conducted, care is provided, and patients/participants interact

244

38 CFR 21.6080 - Requirement for an individualized written rehabilitation or employment assistance plan.  

...EDUCATION Temporary Program of Vocational Training for Certain New Pension Recipients...provisions governing duration of a vocational training program described in § 21...elects to terminate the planned vocational training program, he or she...

2014-07-01

245

29 CFR 2550.404a-2 - Safe harbor for automatic rollovers to individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITY UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974...under which a fiduciary of an employee pension benefit plan subject to Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of...

2011-07-01

246

29 CFR 2550.404a-2 - Safe harbor for automatic rollovers to individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITY UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974...under which a fiduciary of an employee pension benefit plan subject to Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of...

2013-07-01

247

29 CFR 2550.404a-2 - Safe harbor for automatic rollovers to individual retirement plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITY UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974...under which a fiduciary of an employee pension benefit plan subject to Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of...

2012-07-01

248

Improving the lifestyles of previously disadvantaged individuals through a personal life planning programme.  

E-print Network

??There is scant research concerning youth development programmes specifically from Adler's (1968) Individual Psychology perspective. Current programmes seem to be void of critical issues that… (more)

Mokoena, Marshal Buti

2006-01-01

249

Development and Demonstration of a Method to Evaluate Bio-Sampling Strategies Using Building Simulation and Sample Planning Software  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to validate and demonstrate response and recovery sampling approaches and technologies, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), along with several other agencies, have simulated a biothreat agent release within a facility at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) on two separate occasions in the fall of 2007 [1] and the fall of 2008. Because these events constitute only two realizations of many possible scenarios, increased understanding of sampling strategies can be obtained by virtually examining a wide variety of release and dispersion scenarios using computer simulations. This research effort demonstrates the use of two software tools, CONTAM [2], developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and Visual Sample Plan (VSP), developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) [3]. CONTAM is a computer program that is used to simulate building airflow and contaminant transport on a whole-building scale. VSP is a software tool that employs statistically defensible approaches in developing sampling designs and analyzing data. CONTAM and VSP were used to 1) virtually examine a wide range of biological contaminant release and dispersion scenarios at the INL facility and 2) develop a process for creating and evaluating sampling strategies for a given scenario. The CONTAM modeling software was used to virtually contaminate a model of the INL test building under various release and dissemination scenarios. Simulations were based on a range of building design and operation parameters, thereby providing information not constrained by experimental parameters as in the real-world testing. The results of these numerous CONTAM simulations were then used to investigate the relevance and performance of various sampling strategies using VSP.

Dols, W. Stuart; Persily, Andrew; Morrow, Jayne; Matzke, Brett D.; Sego, Landon H.; Nuffer, Lisa L; Pulsipher, Brent A.

2010-04-30

250

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Statistical Software as Related to the CTBTO’s On-Site Inspection Procedure  

SciTech Connect

In the event of a potential nuclear weapons test the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is commissioned to conduct an on-site investigation (OSI) of the suspected test site in an effort to find confirmatory evidence of the nuclear test. The OSI activities include collecting air, surface soil, and underground samples to search for indications of a nuclear weapons test - these indicators include radionuclides and radioactive isotopes Ar and Xe. This report investigates the capability of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software to contribute to the sampling activities of the CTBTO during an OSI. VSP is a statistical sampling design software, constructed under data quality objectives, which has been adapted for environmental remediation and contamination detection problems for the EPA, US Army, DoD and DHS among others. This report provides discussion of a number of VSP sample designs, which may be pertinent to the work undertaken during an OSI. Examples and descriptions of such designs include hot spot sampling, combined random and judgment sampling, multiple increment sampling, radiological transect surveying, and a brief description of other potentially applicable sampling methods. Further, this work highlights a potential need for the use of statistically based sample designs in OSI activities. The use of such designs may enable canvassing a sample area without full sampling, provide a measure of confidence that radionuclides are not present, and allow investigators to refocus resources in other areas of concern.

Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Pulsipher, Brent A.; Milbrath, Brian D.

2010-09-01

251

Regression-based developmental models exemplified for Wisconsin Card Sorting Test parameters: Statistics and software for individual predictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prediction of an individual's score is relevant in clinical research and requires normative data and a statistical rationale. In the case of developmental research the latter is typically a set of descriptive statistics (e.g., standard scores) for a set of age groups. Here we illustrate a multiple regression approach with a set of 345 Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)

Christoph Klein; Friedrich Foerster; Klaus Hartnegg

2007-01-01

252

Fundus image fusion in EYEPLAN software: An evaluation of a novel technique for ocular melanoma radiation treatment planning  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate a novel approach for treatment planning using digital fundus image fusion in EYEPLAN for proton beam radiation therapy (PBRT) planning for ocular melanoma. The authors used a prototype version of EYEPLAN software, which allows for digital registration of high-resolution fundus photographs. The authors examined the improvement in tumor localization by replanning with the addition of fundus photo superimposition in patients with macular area tumors. Methods: The new version of EYEPLAN (v3.05) software allows for the registration of fundus photographs as a background image. This is then used in conjunction with clinical examination, tantalum marker clips, surgeon's mapping, and ultrasound to draw the tumor contour accurately. In order to determine if the fundus image superimposition helps in tumor delineation and treatment planning, the authors identified 79 patients with choroidal melanoma in the macular location that were treated with PBRT. All patients were treated to a dose of 56 GyE in four fractions. The authors reviewed and replanned all 79 macular melanoma cases with superimposition of pretreatment and post-treatment fundus imaging in the new EYEPLAN software. For patients with no local failure, the authors analyzed whether fundus photograph fusion accurately depicted and confirmed tumor volumes as outlined in the original treatment plan. For patients with local failure, the authors determined whether the addition of the fundus photograph might have benefited in terms of more accurate tumor volume delineation. Results: The mean follow-up of patients was 33.6{+-}23 months. Tumor growth was seen in six eyes of the 79 macular lesions. All six patients were marginal failures or tumor miss in the region of dose fall-off, including one patient with both in-field recurrence as well as marginal. Among the six recurrences, three were managed by enucleation and one underwent retreatment with proton therapy. Three patients developed distant metastasis and all three patients have since died. The replanning of six patients with their original fundus photograph superimposed showed that in four cases, the treatment field adequately covered the tumor volume. In the other two patients, the overlaid fundus photographs indicated the area of marginal miss. The replanning with the fundus photograph showed improved tumor coverage in these two macular lesions. For the remaining patients without local failure, replanning with fundus photograph superimposition confirmed the tumor volume as drawn in the original treatment plan. Conclusions: Local control was excellent in patients receiving 56 GyE of PBRT for uveal melanomas in the macular region, which traditionally can be more difficult to control. Posterior lesions are better defined with the additional use of fundus image since they can be difficult to mark surgically. In one-third of treatment failing patients, the superposition of the fundus photograph would have clearly allowed improved localization of tumor. The current practice standard is to use the superimposition of the fundus photograph in addition to the surgeon's clinical and clip mapping of the tumor and ultrasound measurement to draw the tumor volume.

Daftari, Inder K.; Mishra, Kavita K.; O'Brien, Joan M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Francisco, 1600 Divisadero Street, San Francisco, California 94143-1708 (United States); and others

2010-10-15

253

Outdoor and Adventure Programs: Complementing Individual Education Programs and Treatment Plan Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Model programs are briefly described which use outdoor education to carry out individualized education programs for handicapped students. Sample objectives for individuals and their corresponding activities are listed for such areas as outdoor cookery, wilderness camping, and participation in local outdoor recreational facilities or areas.…

Witman, Jeff; And Others

1980-01-01

254

Reducing the clinical burden of ranibizumab treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration using an individually planned regimen  

PubMed Central

Aims The purpose of this study was to clinically validate an individually planned treatment regimen for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), termed, observe and plan. This regimen was based on the predictability of an individual's need for retreatment and aimed to reduce the clinical burden, while obtaining good functional results. Methods This was a prospective case series that included 104 patients (115 eyes) with treatment-naive nAMD. Following three loading doses of ranibizumab, monthly observation visits allowed the disease recurrence interval to be determined. The recurrence interval was reduced by 2?weeks to give the retreatment interval for the next three injections. Periodical control visits (at least every 6?months) allowed the effectiveness of the treatment to be assessed and individual intervals adjusted. Results Mean visual acuity (VA) improved by 8.7 and 9.8 letters in months 3 and 12, respectively. The mean number of injections during the 12-month study was 7.8, while the mean number of ophthalmic examinations between months 3 and 12 was 3.97. The mean treatment interval after the loading doses was 1.97?months. Conclusions The observe-and-plan regimen significantly improved VA. This was obtained with fewer clinic visits compared with other regimens, which could ease the burden of nAMD treatment. Trial registration number Commission cantonale (VD) d'éthique de la recherché Clinique, Université de Lausanne, Protocole 351/11. PMID:24729031

Mantel, Irmela; Niderprim, Sophie-Alexia; Gianniou, Christina; Deli, Angeliki; Ambresin, Aude

2014-01-01

255

The impact of health on individual retirement plans: self-reported versus diagnostic measures.  

PubMed

We reassess the impact of health on retirement plans of older workers using a unique survey-register match-up which allows comparing the retirement effects of potentially biased survey self-reports of health to those of unbiased register-based diagnostic measures. The aim is to investigate whether even for narrowly defined health measures a divergence exists in the impacts of health on retirement between self-reported health and objective physician-reported health. Our sample consists of older workers and retirees drawn from a Danish panel survey from 1997 and 2002, merged to longitudinal register data. Estimation of measurement error-reduced and selection-corrected pooled OLS and fixed effects models of retirement show that receiving a medical diagnosis is an important determinant of retirement planning for both men and women, in fact more important than economic factors. The type of diagnosis matters, however. For men, the largest reduction in planned retirement age occurs for a diagnosis of lung disease while for women it occurs for musculo-skeletal disease. Except for cardiovascular disease, diagnosed disease is more influential in men's retirement planning than in women's. Our study provides evidence that men's self-report of myalgia and back problems and women's self-report of osteoarthritis possibly yield biased estimates of the impact on planned retirement age, and that this bias ranges between 1.5 and 2 years, suggesting that users of survey data should be wary of applying self-reports of health conditions with diffuse symptoms to the study of labor market outcomes. On the other hand, self-reported cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure does not appear to bias the estimated impact on planned retirement. PMID:19582695

Datta Gupta, Nabanita; Larsen, Mona

2010-07-01

256

CAD/CAM guided surgery in implant dentistry. A review of software packages and step-by-step protocols for planning surgical guides.  

PubMed

Three-dimensional radiographic imaging for dental implant treatment planning is gaining widespread interest and popularity. However, application of the data from 30 imaging can be a complex and daunting process initially. The purpose of this article is to describe features of three software packages and the respective computerized guided surgical templates (GST) fabricated from them. A step-by-step method of interpreting and ordering a GST to simplify the process of the surgical planning and implant placement is discussed. PMID:24881445

Scherer, Michael D; Kattadiyil, Mathew T; Parciak, Ewa; Puri, Shweta

2014-01-01

257

Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management Plan (SPMP). Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

As a cabinet level federal agency with a diverse range of missions and an infrastructure spanning the United States, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has extensive freight transportation requirements. Performance and management of this freight activity is a critical function. DOE`s Transportation Management Division (TMD) has an agency-wide responsibility for overseeing transportation activities. Actual transportation operations are handled by government or contractor staff at the field locations. These staff have evolved a diverse range of techniques and procedures for performing transportation functions. In addition to minimizing the economic impact of transportation on programs, facility transportation staff must be concerned with the increasingly complex task of complying with complex shipment safety regulations. Maintaining the department`s safety record for shipping hazardous and radioactive materials is a primary goal. Use of automation to aid transportation functions is not widespread within DOE, though TMD has a number of software systems designed to gather and analyze data pertaining to field transportation activities. These systems are not integrated. Historically, most field facilities have accomplished transportation-related tasks manually or with minimal computer assistance. At best, information and decision support systems available to transportation staffs within the facilities are fragmented. In deciding where to allocate resources for automation, facility managers have not tended to give the needs of transportation departments a high priority. This diversity causes TMD significant difficulty in collecting data for use in managing department-wide transportation activities.

Weidert, R.S.

1995-05-26

258

42 CFR 435.219 - Individuals receiving State plan home and community-based services.  

42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Individuals receiving...home and community-based services. 435.219 Section 435.219 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF...

2014-10-01

259

75 FR 64909 - Fiduciary Requirements for Disclosure in Participant-Directed Individual Account Plans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...individuals are better able to estimate fees, and better estimates are...Behavior Tells Us, Social Science Research...The Journal of Corporate Law, Volume 26...Fund Industry, Social Science Research...funds with worse before-fee...

2010-10-20

260

42 CFR 441.156 - Team developing individual plan of care.  

...SERVICES Inpatient Psychiatric Services for Individuals Under Age 21 in Psychiatric Facilities or Programs § 441.156 Team...long-range therapeutic needs, developmental priorities, and personal strengths and liabilities; (2) Assessing the potential...

2014-10-01

261

Mega Thinking and Planning: An Introduction to Defining and Delivering Individual and Organizational Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All organizations are means to societal ends, and thus Mega thinking and planning starts with a primary focus on adding value for all stakeholders, including our shared society. It is pragmatic, realistic, practical, and ethical. Defining and achieving continual organizational success is possible. It relies on three basic elements: (1) a societal…

Kaufman, Roger

2009-01-01

262

The IHF Plan: The Individual with Cerebral Palsy and His Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background information, principles of service, and priorities for action preface a five year plan of operation to provide services for the cerebral palsied. Rationales, objectives, methods, timetables, financing, and programs are discussed for the following priorities: prevention and early care, comprehensive services for teenagers and adults;…

United Cerebral Palsy Association, New York, NY.

263

Development of a standardized knowledge base to generate individualized medication plans automatically with drug administration recommendations  

PubMed Central

Aims We aimed to develop a generic knowledge base with drug administration recommendations which allows the generation of a dynamic and comprehensive medication plan and to evaluate its comprehensibility and potential benefit in a qualitative pilot study with patients and physicians. Methods Based on a literature search and previously published medication plans, a prototype was developed and iteratively refined through qualitative evaluation (interviews with patients and focus group discussions with physicians). To develop the recommendations for safe administration of specific drugs we screened the summary of product characteristics (SmPC) of different exemplary brands, allocated the generated advice to groups with brands potentially requiring the same advice, and reviewed these allocations regarding applicability and appropriateness of the recommendations. Results For the recommendations, 411 SmPCs of 140 different active ingredients including all available galenic formulations, routes of administrations except infusions, and administration devices were screened. Finally, 515 distinct administration recommendations were included in the database. In 926 different generic groups, 29 879 allocations of brands to general advice, food advice, indications, step-by-step instructions, or combinations thereof were made. Thereby, 27 216 of the preselected allocations (91.1%) were confirmed as appropriate. In total, one third of the German drug market was labelled with information. Conclusions Generic grouping of brands according to their active ingredient and other drug characteristics and allocation of standardized administration recommendations is feasible for a large drug market and can be integrated in a medication plan. PMID:24007451

Send, Alexander F J; Al-Ayyash, Adel; Schecher, Sabrina; Rudofsky, Gottfried; Klein, Ulrike; Schaier, Matthias; Pruszydlo, Markus G; Witticke, Diana; Lohmann, Kristina; Kaltschmidt, Jens; Haefeli, Walter E; Seidling, Hanna M

2013-01-01

264

Preretirement Planning: Individual, Institutional, and Social Perspectives. Information Series No. 264.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph examines the phenomenon of retirement from the perspectives of the individual, the institution, and the socioeconomic system. In the first of five sections, the author looks at the evolution and institutionalization of the concept, discussing the effects of legislative and personnel policies, altered social and economic status, and…

Brahce, Carl I.

265

34 CFR 361.46 - Content of the individualized plan for employment.  

...technology services, and personal assistance services...in the most integrated setting that is appropriate...supported employment setting has been determined to...placement in an integrated setting for the maximum number...individual in terms of the goals, objectives, and...

2014-07-01

266

NASA-evolving to Ada: Five-year plan. A plan for implementing recommendations made by the Ada and software management assessment working group  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At their March 1988 meeting, members of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Information Resources Management (IRM) Council expressed concern that NASA may not have the infrastructure necessary to support the use of Ada for major NASA software projects. Members also observed that the agency has no coordinated strategy for applying its experiences with Ada to subsequent projects (Hinners, 27 June 1988). To deal with these problems, the IRM Council chair appointed an intercenter Ada and Software Management Assessment Working Group (ASMAWG). They prepared a report (McGarry et al., March 1989) entitled, 'Ada and Software Management in NASA: Findings and Recommendations'. That report presented a series of recommendations intended to enable NASA to develop better software at lower cost through the use of Ada and other state-of-the-art software engineering technologies. The purpose here is to describe the steps (called objectives) by which this goal may be achieved, to identify the NASA officials or organizations responsible for carrying out the steps, and to define a schedule for doing so. This document sets forth four goals: adopt agency-wide software standards and policies; use Ada as the programming language for all mission software; establish an infrastructure to support software engineering, including the use of Ada, and to leverage the agency's software experience; and build the agency's knowledge base in Ada and software engineering. A schedule for achieving the objectives and goals is given.

1989-01-01

267

Metabolite profiling of blood from individuals undergoing planned myocardial infarction reveals early markers of myocardial injury  

PubMed Central

Emerging metabolomic tools have created the opportunity to establish metabolic signatures of myocardial injury. We applied a mass spectrometry–based metabolite profiling platform to 36 patients undergoing alcohol septal ablation treatment for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, a human model of planned myocardial infarction (PMI). Serial blood samples were obtained before and at various intervals after PMI, with patients undergoing elective diagnostic coronary angiography and patients with spontaneous myocardial infarction (SMI) serving as negative and positive controls, respectively. We identified changes in circulating levels of metabolites participating in pyrimidine metabolism, the tricarboxylic acid cycle and its upstream contributors, and the pentose phosphate pathway. Alterations in levels of multiple metabolites were detected as early as 10 minutes after PMI in an initial derivation group and were validated in a second, independent group of PMI patients. A PMI-derived metabolic signature consisting of aconitic acid, hypoxanthine, trimethylamine N-oxide, and threonine differentiated patients with SMI from those undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography with high accuracy, and coronary sinus sampling distinguished cardiac-derived from peripheral metabolic changes. Our results identify a role for metabolic profiling in the early detection of myocardial injury and suggest that similar approaches may be used for detection or prediction of other disease states. PMID:18769631

Lewis, Gregory D.; Wei, Ru; Liu, Emerson; Yang, Elaine; Shi, Xu; Martinovic, Maryann; Farrell, Laurie; Asnani, Aarti; Cyrille, Marcoli; Ramanathan, Arvind; Shaham, Oded; Berriz, Gabriel; Lowry, Patricia A.; Palacios, Igor F.; Tasan, Murat; Roth, Frederick P.; Min, Jiangyong; Baumgartner, Christian; Keshishian, Hasmik; Addona, Terri; Mootha, Vamsi K.; Rosenzweig, Anthony; Carr, Steven A.; Fifer, Michael A.; Sabatine, Marc S.; Gerszten, Robert E.

2008-01-01

268

An approach to using conventional brachytherapy software for clinical treatment planning of complex, Monte Carlo-based brachytherapy dose distributions  

SciTech Connect

Certain brachytherapy dose distributions, such as those for LDR prostate implants, are readily modeled by treatment planning systems (TPS) that use the superposition principle of individual seed dose distributions to calculate the total dose distribution. However, dose distributions for brachytherapy treatments using high-Z shields or having significant material heterogeneities are not currently well modeled using conventional TPS. The purpose of this study is to establish a new treatment planning technique (Tufts technique) that could be applied in some clinical situations where the conventional approach is not acceptable and dose distributions present cylindrical symmetry. Dose distributions from complex brachytherapy source configurations determined with Monte Carlo methods were used as input data. These source distributions included the 2 and 3 cm diameter Valencia skin applicators from Nucletron, 4-8 cm diameter AccuBoost peripheral breast brachytherapy applicators from Advanced Radiation Therapy, and a 16 mm COMS-based eye plaque using {sup 103}Pd, {sup 125}I, and {sup 131}Cs seeds. Radial dose functions and 2D anisotropy functions were obtained by positioning the coordinate system origin along the dose distribution cylindrical axis of symmetry. Origin:tissue distance and active length were chosen to minimize TPS interpolation errors. Dosimetry parameters were entered into the PINNACLE TPS, and dose distributions were subsequently calculated and compared to the original Monte Carlo-derived dose distributions. The new planning technique was able to reproduce brachytherapy dose distributions for all three applicator types, producing dosimetric agreement typically within 2% when compared with Monte Carlo-derived dose distributions. Agreement between Monte Carlo-derived and planned dose distributions improved as the spatial resolution of the fitted dosimetry parameters improved. For agreement within 5% throughout the clinical volume, spatial resolution of dosimetry parameter data {<=}0.1 cm was required, and the virtual brachytherapy source data set included over 5000 data points. On the other hand, the lack of consideration for applicator heterogeneity effect caused conventional dose overestimates exceeding an order of magnitude in regions of clinical interest. This approach is rationalized by the improved dose estimates. In conclusion, a new technique was developed to incorporate complex Monte Carlo-based brachytherapy dose distributions into conventional TPS. These results are generalizable to other brachytherapy source types and other TPS.

Rivard, Mark J.; Melhus, Christopher S.; Granero, Domingo; Perez-Calatayud, Jose; Ballester, Facundo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111 (United States); Radiation Oncology Department, Physics Section, ''La Fe'' University Hospital, Avenida Campanar 21, E-46009 Valencia (Spain); Department of Atomic, Molecular, and Nuclear Physics, University of Valencia, C/Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, Spain and IFIC (University of Valencia-CSIC), C/Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot (Spain)

2009-06-15

269

42 CFR 435.223 - Individuals who would be eligible for AFDC if coverage under the State's AFDC plan were as broad...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(1) Would be eligible for AFDC if the State's AFDC plan included individuals whose coverage under title IV-A is optional (for example, Medicaid may be provided to members of families with an unemployed parent even though AFDC is not available to them under the State's AFDC plan);...

2010-10-01

270

Earth Observing System/Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (EOS/AMSU-A) software management plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document defines the responsibilites for the management of the like-cycle development of the flight software installed in the AMSU-A instruments, and the ground support software used in the test and integration of the AMSU-A instruments.

Schwantje, Robert

1994-01-01

271

Comparison of the Perspectives of Managers, Employees and Clients Regarding the Individual Barriers of Family Planning Counseling in Healthcare Centers of Isfahan in 2012  

PubMed Central

Background: Family planning is a lifestyle that is selected voluntarily and is based on the knowledge, attitude and responsible decision making by couples in order to promote the health and welfare of the family and the advancement of the society. In this regard, family planning counseling plays an important role in making informed decisions if used properly and in a responsible way. Detection of individual barriers in family planning counseling based on the viewpoints of managers, employees and clients who are key participants in the healthcare service provision is a major step towards appropriate planning to modify or eliminate such barriers. Objectives: The present study was conducted with the goal of comparing managers’, employees’ and clients’ viewpoints about individual barriers in family planning counseling in health care centers in Isfahan in 2012. Patients and Methods: This was a cross-sectional one-step three-group comparative descriptive study conducted on 295 subjects including 59 managers, 110 employees and 126 clients in medical health care centers in Isfahan in 2012. The managers and employees were selected by census sampling, and the clients were recruited through convenient random sampling. The data collection tool was a researcher-designed questionnaire, which was designed in two sections of fertility and personal characteristics, and viewpoint measurement. Descriptive and inferential statistical tests were used to analyze the data. Results: The obtained results showed significant differences between mean scores of viewpoints in three groups of managers, employees and clients concerning individual barriers in family planning counseling. In addition, most of the managers, employees and clients reported individual barriers as an intermediate level barrier in the process of family planning counseling. Conclusions: Results indicate that subjects in three studied groups hold different views regarding the individual barriers in family planning counseling. This difference in the perspectives may be a factor that affects the quality of the provided services. Therefore, it is necessary for the healthcare providers to consider the main concerns of their clients regarding family planning. PMID:24829779

Taheri, Safoura; Ehsanpour, Soheila; Kohan, Shahnaze; Farzi, Saba; Jaafarpour, Molouk; Direkvand-Moghaddam, Ashraf

2014-01-01

272

Software Quality, Software Process,  

E-print Network

capable of producing good software. In Europe, the In- ternational Standards Organization ISO-9000 standards address similar concerns. Schemes like \\total quality management" (TQM) extend to the largerSoftware Quality, Software Process, and Software Testing Dick Hamlet Portland State University

Hamlet, Richard

273

Payload software technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software analysis was performed of known STS sortie payload elements and their associated experiments. This provided basic data for STS payload software characteristics and sizes. A set of technology drivers was identified based on a survey of future technology needs and an assessment of current software technology. The results will be used to evolve a planned approach to software technology development. The purpose of this plan is to ensure that software technology is advanced at a pace and a depth sufficient to fulfill the identified future needs.

1976-01-01

274

Pulmonary Masses: Initial Results of Cone-beam CT Guidance with Needle Planning Software for Percutaneous Lung Biopsy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of percutaneous lung biopsy (PLB) findings using cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) guidance (CBCT guidance) and compared to conventional biopsy guidance techniques. Methods: CBCT guidance is a stereotactic technique for needle interventions, combining 3D soft-tissue cone-beam CT, needle planning software, and real-time fluoroscopy. Between March 2007 and August 2010, we performed 84 Tru-Cut PLBs, where bronchoscopy did not provide histopathologic diagnosis. Mean patient age was 64.6 (range 24-85) years; 57 patients were men, and 25 were women. Records were prospectively collected for calculating sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy. We also registered fluoroscopy time, room time, interventional time, dose-area product (DAP), and complications. Procedures were divided into subgroups (e.g., location, size, operator). Results: Mean lesion diameter was 32.5 (range 3.0-93.0) mm, and the mean number of samples per biopsy procedure was 3.2 (range 1-7). Mean fluoroscopy time was 161 (range 104-551) s, room time was 34 (range 15-79) min, mean DAP value was 25.9 (range 3.9-80.5) Gy{center_dot}cm{sup -2}, and interventional time was 18 (range 5-65) min. Of 84 lesions, 70 were malignant (83.3%) and 14 were benign (16.7%). Seven (8.3%) of the biopsy samples were nondiagnostic. All nondiagnostic biopsied lesions proved to be malignant during surgical resection. The outcome for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy was 90% (95% confidence interval [CI] 86-96), 100% (95% CI 82-100), 100% (95% CI 96-100), 66.7% (95% CI 55-83), and 91.7% (95% CI 86-96), respectively. Sixteen patients (19%) had minor and 2 (2.4%) had major complications. Conclusion: CBCT guidance is an effective method for PLB, with results comparable to CT/CT fluoroscopy guidance.

Braak, Sicco J., E-mail: sjbraak@gmail.com [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Herder, Gerarda J. M., E-mail: j.herder@antoniusziekenhuis.nl [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Pulmonology (Netherlands); Heesewijk, Johannes P. M. van, E-mail: j.heesewijk@antoniusziekenhuis.nl; Strijen, Marco J. L. van, E-mail: m.van.strijen@antoniusziekenhuis.nl [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

2012-12-15

275

Software verification and testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

General procedures for software verification and validation are provided as a guide for managers, programmers, and analysts involved in software development. The verification and validation procedures described are based primarily on testing techniques. Testing refers to the execution of all or part of a software system for the purpose of detecting errors. Planning, execution, and analysis of tests are outlined in this document. Code reading and static analysis techniques for software verification are also described.

1985-01-01

276

The Diabeo Software Enabling Individualized Insulin Dose Adjustments Combined With Telemedicine Support Improves HbA1c in Poorly Controlled Type 1 Diabetic Patients  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To demonstrate that Diabeo software enabling individualized insulin dose adjustments combined with telemedicine support significantly improves HbA1c in poorly controlled type 1 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a six-month open-label parallel-group, multicenter study, adult patients (n = 180) with type 1 diabetes (>1 year), on a basal-bolus insulin regimen (>6 months), with HbA1c ?8%, were randomized to usual quarterly follow-up (G1), home use of a smartphone recommending insulin doses with quarterly visits (G2), or use of the smartphone with short teleconsultations every 2 weeks but no visit until point end (G3). RESULTS Six-month mean HbA1c in G3 (8.41 ± 1.04%) was lower than in G1 (9.10 ± 1.16%; P = 0.0019). G2 displayed intermediate results (8.63 ± 1.07%). The Diabeo system gave a 0.91% (0.60; 1.21) improvement in HbA1c over controls and a 0.67% (0.35; 0.99) reduction when used without teleconsultation. There was no difference in the frequency of hypoglycemic episodes or in medical time spent for hospital or telephone consultations. However, patients in G1 and G2 spent nearly 5 h more than G3 patients attending hospital visits. CONCLUSIONS The Diabeo system gives a substantial improvement to metabolic control in chronic, poorly controlled type 1 diabetic patients without requiring more medical time and at a lower overall cost for the patient than usual care. PMID:21266648

Charpentier, Guillaume; Benhamou, Pierre-Yves; Dardari, Dured; Clergeot, Annie; Franc, Sylvia; Schaepelynck-Belicar, Pauline; Catargi, Bogdan; Melki, Vincent; Chaillous, Lucy; Farret, Anne; Bosson, Jean-Luc; Penfornis, Alfred

2011-01-01

277

Mobilization of software developers: the free software  

E-print Network

into an occupational community. Design/methodology/approach ­ Qualitative data were collected over a four year period of developing a free enterprise resource planning software system. Findings ­ It is concluded that the ideology of the free software movement continues to be one of the factors which mobilize people to contribute to free

Scacchi, Walt

278

Role of virtual surgery in pre-operative planning: Assessing the individual components of functional nasal airway surgery  

PubMed Central

Introduction There are often multiple anatomic factors that contribute to nasal obstruction, creating difficulty in deciding which components to address for a successful outcome. The purpose of this pilot study is to demonstrate the effect of individual components of functional nasal airway surgery in a patient with multifactorial obstruction and discuss the potential benefit of computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-aided virtual surgery. Methods A 53 year old female underwent septoplasty, turbinate reduction, and nasal valve repair. Pre- and post-operative digital nasal models were created from CT images and nasal resistance was calculated using CFD techniques. The digital models were then manipulated to isolate the effects of the components of the surgery, creating a nasal valve repair alone model and a septoplasty/turbinate reduction alone model. Results Bilateral nasal resistance on the post-operative model was approximately 25% less than pre-operative values. Similarly, CFD analysis showed reductions in nasal resistance of the virtual models: 19% reduction with intranasal surgery alone and 6% reduction with nasal valve repair alone. Conclusions Most of the reduction in nasal resistance was accomplished with performance of septoplasty and inferior turbinate reduction. The contribution from nasal valve repair was less in comparison but not insignificant. This pilot study implies that CFD-aided virtual surgery may be useful as part of pre-operative planning in patients with multifactorial anatomic nasal airway obstruction. PMID:22508896

Rhee, John S.; Cannon, Daniel E.; Frank, Dennis O.; Kimbell, Julia S.

2013-01-01

279

A software debugging glossary  

Microsoft Academic Search

This glossary contains 291 definitions of terms dealing with the debugging of computer software. The list includes numerous synonyms, as well as the proper names of debugging systems described in the open literature. Terms and definitions have been obtained from various sources: the software-engineering literature, other software-engineering glossaries, and individual contributions.

Mark Scott Johnson

1982-01-01

280

Space Station Software Recommendations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Four panels of invited experts and NASA representatives focused on the following topics: software management, software development environment, languages, and software standards. Each panel deliberated in private, held two open sessions with audience participation, and developed recommendations for the NASA Space Station Program. The major thrusts of the recommendations were as follows: (1) The software management plan should establish policies, responsibilities, and decision points for software acquisition; (2) NASA should furnish a uniform modular software support environment and require its use for all space station software acquired (or developed); (3) The language Ada should be selected for space station software, and NASA should begin to address issues related to the effective use of Ada; and (4) The space station software standards should be selected (based upon existing standards where possible), and an organization should be identified to promulgate and enforce them. These and related recommendations are described in detail in the conference proceedings.

Voigt, S. (editor)

1985-01-01

281

Software assurance standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This standard specifies the software assurance program for the provider of software. It also delineates the assurance activities for the provider and the assurance data that are to be furnished by the provider to the acquirer. In any software development effort, the provider is the entity or individual that actually designs, develops, and implements the software product, while the acquirer is the entity or individual who specifies the requirements and accepts the resulting products. This standard specifies at a high level an overall software assurance program for software developed for and by NASA. Assurance includes the disciplines of quality assurance, quality engineering, verification and validation, nonconformance reporting and corrective action, safety assurance, and security assurance. The application of these disciplines during a software development life cycle is called software assurance. Subsequent lower-level standards will specify the specific processes within these disciplines.

1992-01-01

282

Long-term Planning of Development Efforts by Roadmapping - a Model and Experiences from Small Software Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Success in the software product business requires timely release of new products and upgrades with proper quality and the right features. For this, a systematic approach for managing the contents, timing and roles of future product releases as well as the product architecture is needed. In practice, such an approach is often missing, especially in small companies, due to inexperience,

Jarno Vähäniitty; Casper Lassenius; Kristian Rautiainen; Pasi Pekkanen

283

Inclusive and Individually Adapted Education in Norway Results from a Survey Study in Two Municipalities Focusing the Roles of Headteachers, Teachers and Curriculum Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to throw light on how the intentions behind inclusive and individually adapted education in Norwegian compulsory schools are followed up in practice with regard to central aspects of the roles of headteachers, teachers and curriculum planning. The study was carried out as a postal survey of compulsory school teachers in two…

Buli-Holmberg, Jorun; Nilsen, Sven; Skogen, Kjell

2014-01-01

284

Implementing Digital Individual Development Planning in Teacher Education: The Challenges of Communication in Relation to the Development of ICT-Supported Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a study of the experiences of a group of teacher educators during the 2006-2007 academic year, when they participated in a project to try out and implement digital individual development planning (which in Swedish is digital "Individuella Utvecklings-Planer" or IUP) in a teacher education faculty at a Swedish university. The…

Granberg, Carina

2009-01-01

285

Preoperative planning for DIEP breast reconstruction: early experience of the use of computerised tomography angiography with VoNavix 3D software for perforator navigation.  

PubMed

The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is normally the first choice in breast reconstruction; however, due to the considerable vascular anatomical variation and the learning curve for the procedure, muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flaps are still frequently performed to reduce the rate of complications. Accurate preoperative investigation of the perforators would allow better operative preparation and possibly shorten the learning curve. In an effort to increase accuracy of preoperative planning and to aid preoperative decision-making in free abdominal flap breast reconstruction, we have acquired the use of VoNavix, software that creates three dimensional images from computerised tomography angiography (CTA) data. The use of the VoNavix software for analysis of CTA provides superior imaging that can be viewed in theatre. It, together with CTA, enables decisions to be made preoperatively, including: which side to raise the flap; whether to aim for a medial or lateral row perforator; whether to take a segment of muscle and whether to expect an easy or difficult dissection. We have now performed over 60 free abdominal flap breast reconstructions aided with CTA, and 10 of these cases also used VoNavix technology. This paper presents our initial experience with the use of this software, illustrated with three patient examples. The advantages and disadvantages are discussed. PMID:18708309

Pacifico, M D; See, M S; Cavale, N; Collyer, J; Francis, I; Jones, M E; Hazari, A; Boorman, J G; Smith, R W

2009-11-01

286

Software reuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software reuse is the process of creating software systems from existing software rather than building software systems from scratch. This simple yet powerful vision was introduced in 1968. Software reuse has, however, failed to become a standard software engineering practice. In an attempt to understand why, researchers have renewed their interest in software reuse and in the obstacles to implementing

Charles W. Krueger

1992-01-01

287

Computer Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the nature and development of computer software. Programing, programing languages, types of software (including dynamic spreadsheets), and software of the future are among the topics considered. (JN)

Kay, Alan

1984-01-01

288

My Individual Development Plan (MyIDP) for UVM Graduate Students MyIDP is an annual planning tool to help you  

E-print Network

, writing) - What are the primary factors driving your career goals, plans and decisions? (e.g. career in the past year. - Publications - Patents - Honors or awards - Presentations at professional meetings

Hayden, Nancy J.

289

Measuring software design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An extensive series of studies of software design measures conducted by the Software Engineering Laboratory is described. Included are the objectives and results of the studies, the method used to perform the studies, and the problems encountered. The document should be useful to researchers planning similar studies as well as to managers and designers concerned with applying quantitative design measures.

1986-01-01

290

Individual differences in executive functioning and theory of mind: An investigation of inhibitory control and planning ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the relative contributions of two aspects of executive function—inhibitory control and planning ability—to theory of mind in 49 3- and 4-year-olds. Children were given two standard theory of mind measures (Appearance–Reality and False Belief), three inhibitory control tasks (Bear\\/Dragon, Whisper, and Gift Delay), three planning tasks (Tower of Hanoi, Truck Loading, and Kitten Delivery), and a receptive

Stephanie M. Carlson; Louis J. Moses; Laura J. Claxtonc

2004-01-01

291

Computer-aided design in urban development and management—A software for integrated planning and design by optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning and Design in Urban Development, consuming large Resources entailing many variables giving numerous solutions with large variations in resource-efficiency indicators, is a problem-solving process (Mitchell WJ. Computer-aided architectural design. New York: Petrocelli\\/Charter; 1977) involving search through numerous potential solutions to select a particular solution that meets a specified criteria, making computer-use indispensable. Planners\\/Designers (e.g. engineers\\/architects\\/planners) Commit huge Resources (e.g.

B. K. Chakrabarty

2007-01-01

292

The Effects of Text-Based and Graphics-Based Software Tools on Planning and Organizing of Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the effects of two computer-based writing tools (text-based "FrEd Writer" and graphics-based "Once Upon a Time") on the story-writing skills of nine students (grades four through eight) with language-related learning disabilities. Group results did not clearly favor either tool; however, individual differences suggested that…

Bahr, Christine M.; And Others

1996-01-01

293

Does the theory of planned behavior elements mediate the relationship between perceived constraints and intention to participate in physical activities? A study among older individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to investigate the degree to which the elements of the theory of planned behavior mediate the relationship\\u000a between constraints and intention to continuing participation in physical activities. The sample of the study consisted of\\u000a 119 (N?=?119) older individuals who participated in organized physical activity programs. The results indicated that attitudes and\\u000a perceived behavioral control were negatively correlated

Konstantinos Alexandris; Vasilis Barkoukis; Charalampos Tsormpatzoudis

2007-01-01

294

Intention to Work with Individuals with Dual Diagnosis: Testing the Theory of Planned Behavior among Students from Various Professions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing holistic care to individuals with the dual diagnosis (DD) of intellectual disability and mental illness is a challenging task that requires the work of various health care specialists. The aim of the current study was to examine the intentions of students from various fields to work with individuals with DD. A questionnaire was completed…

Werner, Shirli

2012-01-01

295

Planning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning how to plan a science investigation is an important component of learning how to do investigative science. The plan will guide the students to find evidence to respond to their focus question or problem that needs to be solved. This chapter descr

Klentschy, Michael P.

2008-04-01

296

Ascent/Descent Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Ascent/Descent Software Suite has been used to support a variety of NASA Shuttle Program mission planning and analysis activities, such as range safety, on the Integrated Planning System (IPS) platform. The Ascent/Descent Software Suite, containing Ascent Flight Design (ASC)/Descent Flight Design (DESC) Configuration items (Cis), lifecycle documents, and data files used for shuttle ascent and entry modeling analysis and mission design, resides on IPS/Linux workstations. A list of tools in Navigation (NAV)/Prop Software Suite represents tool versions established during or after the IPS Equipment Rehost-3 project.

Brown, Charles; Andrew, Robert; Roe, Scott; Frye, Ronald; Harvey, Michael; Vu, Tuan; Balachandran, Krishnaiyer; Bly, Ben

2012-01-01

297

NASA Software Documentation Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Software Documentation Standard (hereinafter referred to as "Standard") is designed to support the documentation of all software developed for NASA; its goal is to provide a framework and model for recording the essential information needed throughout the development life cycle and maintenance of a software system. The NASA Software Documentation Standard can be applied to the documentation of all NASA software. The Standard is limited to documentation format and content requirements. It does not mandate specific management, engineering, or assurance standards or techniques. This Standard defines the format and content of documentation for software acquisition, development, and sustaining engineering. Format requirements address where information shall be recorded and content requirements address what information shall be recorded. This Standard provides a framework to allow consistency of documentation across NASA and visibility into the completeness of project documentation. The basic framework consists of four major sections (or volumes). The Management Plan contains all planning and business aspects of a software project, including engineering and assurance planning. The Product Specification contains all technical engineering information, including software requirements and design. The Assurance and Test Procedures contains all technical assurance information, including Test, Quality Assurance (QA), and Verification and Validation (V&V). The Management, Engineering, and Assurance Reports is the library and/or listing of all project reports.

1991-01-01

298

Software Reuse Issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Langley Research Center sponsored a Workshop on NASA Research in Software Reuse on November 17-18, 1988 in Melbourne, Florida, hosted by Software Productivity Solutions, Inc. Participants came from four NASA centers and headquarters, eight NASA contractor companies, and three research institutes. Presentations were made on software reuse research at the four NASA centers; on Eli, the reusable software synthesis system designed and currently under development by SPS; on Space Station Freedom plans for reuse; and on other reuse research projects. This publication summarizes the presentations made and the issues discussed during the workshop.

Voigt, Susan J. (editor); Smith, Kathryn A. (editor)

1989-01-01

299

Affirmative Action Invitation for Individuals with Disabilities Michigan Technological University has developed an affirmative action plan for persons with disabilities.  

E-print Network

of 1974, as amended by the Jobs for Veterans Act of 2002, 38 U.S.C. 4212 (VEVRAA), which requires Government contractors to take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment: (1) disabled veterans) the hiring supervisor may be informed to assure consideration for employment under this plan, (2) supervisors

300

Individual Differences in Executive Functioning and Theory of Mind: An Investigation of Inhibitory Control and Planning Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined the relative contributions of two aspects of executive function--inhibitory control and planning ability--to theory of mind in 49 3- and 4-year-olds. Children were given two standard theory of mind measures (Appearance-Reality and False Belief), three inhibitory control tasks (Bear/Dragon, Whisper, and Gift Delay), three…

Carlson, Stephanie M.; Moses, Louis J.; Claxton, Laura J.

2004-01-01

301

Use of CT scans and treatment planning software for validation of the dose component of food irradiation protocols  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The challenging problem of estimating the dose delivered to heterogeneous products by radiation modalities of limited penetration can be readily handled by using technologies developed for, and widely used in, radiation therapy applications. In particular, combining CT scanning with radiation treatment planning programs can simulate radiation processing with either photons or electrons, and can provide detailed, high resolution and accurate dose maps for any arbitrary product and package configuration. Such dose maps are an essential part of process validation. Comparison of the simulated dose distributions with measured dose maps verifies the soundness of this approach. The present communication presents results obtained with the simulation technique for a variety of common food items which are likely candidates for radiation processing.

Borsa, Joseph; Chu, Rod; Sun, Jiansheng; Linton, Nick; Hunter, Craig

2002-03-01

302

Software Testing Jos de Kloe,  

E-print Network

ADM-Aeolus Software Testing Jos de Kloe, MMM : 2 maart 2009 #12;MMM, J. de Kloe, 2 maart 2009 2 ADM Document SVVP=Software Validation and Verification Plan #12;MMM, J. de Kloe, 2 maart 2009 7 GSOV testing meerdere ESA teams) #12;MMM, J. de Kloe, 2 maart 2009 8 Unit tests (1) Verifieer dat de software compileert

Stoffelen, Ad

303

Software engineering standards and practices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Guidelines are presented for the preparation of a software development plan. The various phases of a software development project are discussed throughout its life cycle including a general description of the software engineering standards and practices to be followed during each phase.

Durachka, R. W.

1981-01-01

304

Software Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSC 450. Software Engineering (3) Prerequisite: CSC 332 and senior standing. Study of the design and production of large and small software systems. Topics include systems engineering, software life-cycle and characterization; use of software tools. Substantial software project required.

Tagliarini, Gene

2003-04-21

305

Status and future plans for the Vienna VLBI Software VieVS T. Nilsson, J. Bohm, S. Bohm, M. Madzak, V. Nafisi, L. Plank, H. Spicakova, J. Sun, C. Tierno Ros, H. Schuh  

E-print Network

format proposed T. Nilsson, J. B¨ohm, S. B¨ohm, M. Madzak, V. Nafisi, L. Plank, H. Spicakova, J. Sun, CStatus and future plans for the Vienna VLBI Software VieVS T. Nilsson, J. B¨ohm, S. B¨ohm, M. Madzak, V. Nafisi, L. Plank, H. Spicakova, J. Sun, C. Tierno Ros, H. Schuh Abstract The Vienna VLBI

Schuh, Harald

306

Do the elderly have a voice? Advance care planning discussions with frail and older individuals: a systematic literature review and narrative synthesis  

PubMed Central

Background Recent years have seen marked improvements in end-of-life care, however concerns have been expressed that services are focused on the needs of patients with cancer. This review focuses on conversations about end-of-life care with frail and older people who have no main overriding diagnosis who are estimated to account for around 40% of deaths. Aim To investigate the attitudes of the public and healthcare professionals to advance care planning discussions with frail and older people. Design and setting Systematic literature review and narrative synthesis. Method Articles that related to frail or older individuals and either advance care plans or discussions on end-of-life care were included. Studies of specific conditions or that focused on prognosis, capacity, or resuscitation decisions were excluded. Results While a significant minority of frail older individuals would find them unwelcome, the majority would appreciate the chance to discuss end-of-life care, yet most do not have this opportunity. Attitudes to the timing of these discussions were variable, but most perceived the risk of leaving them too late. Most doctors believed it was their professional responsibility to initiate discussions, but felt limited by time pressures and the absence of a precipitating event. A wide range of barriers were identified including the reluctance of family members to discuss end-of-life care, the passive expectation that someone else would decide on an individual’s behalf, and significant uncertainty concerning future illness and decline. Conclusion The marked disparity between the majority of older individuals who would like the opportunity to discuss their end-of-life care and the minority that currently have this opportunity raises important questions if the wishes of this large group in society are to be respected. The challenge is to find effective ways of encouraging dialogue and choice within the constraints of the current healthcare systems and personal circumstances. PMID:24152480

Sharp, Tim; Moran, Emily; Kuhn, Isla; Barclay, Stephen

2013-01-01

307

Using Quality Improvement Methods to Implement an Electronic Medical Record (EMR) Supported Individualized Home Pain Management Plan for Children with Sickle Cell Disease  

PubMed Central

Objective Using quality improvement methodology, our goal was to develop and implement individualized home pain management plans (HPMP) that included pharmacologic as well as non-pharmacologic strategies for children with sickle cell disease (SCD). We hypothesized that successfully implemented HPMPs would have an impact on Emergency Department (ED) use, decreasing ED visits for uncomplicated SCD pain episodes. Methods A multidisciplinary quality improvement team developed a questionnaire to assess the frequency, location and severity of a patient’s pain during a routine, comprehensive visit in order to help the patient and family develop an effective pain management strategy using both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic actions. Using plan do study act cycles (PDSAs), this team was able to build this process into the daily workflow for all SCD patients age 5 years to 21 years of age. Patients with comprehensive visits scheduled from January 2012 to May 2013 were included (N=188) in the intervention. Results By May of 2013, 88% of eligible patients had an individualized HPMP in place. There was a concomitant reduction in the percentage of SCD patients seen in the ED for uncomplicated SCD pain (6.9% vs. 1.1%). Conclusions Using quality improvement methods, an individualized HPMP intervention was incorporated successfully into the daily workflow of a busy outpatient SCD clinic. This intervention has the potential to improve patient outcomes by decreasing avoidable ED visits as well as reducing overall healthcare costs.

Crosby, Lori E.; Simmons, Kenya; Kaiser, Peggy; Davis, Blair; Boyd, Patricia; Eichhorn, Tiffany; Mahaney, Tracy; Joffe, Naomi; Morgan, Darice; Schibler, Kathy; Anderson, Viia; Quinn, Charles T.; Kalinyak, Karen A.

2014-01-01

308

NASA software documentation standard software engineering program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Software Documentation Standard (hereinafter referred to as Standard) can be applied to the documentation of all NASA software. This Standard is limited to documentation format and content requirements. It does not mandate specific management, engineering, or assurance standards or techniques. This Standard defines the format and content of documentation for software acquisition, development, and sustaining engineering. Format requirements address where information shall be recorded and content requirements address what information shall be recorded. This Standard provides a framework to allow consistency of documentation across NASA and visibility into the completeness of project documentation. This basic framework consists of four major sections (or volumes). The Management Plan contains all planning and business aspects of a software project, including engineering and assurance planning. The Product Specification contains all technical engineering information, including software requirements and design. The Assurance and Test Procedures contains all technical assurance information, including Test, Quality Assurance (QA), and Verification and Validation (V&V). The Management, Engineering, and Assurance Reports is the library and/or listing of all project reports.

1991-01-01

309

Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1937, the Plan organization was initially intended to provide food and education to the unfortunate children whose lives were disrupted by the trauma and horror of the Spanish Civil War. Almost 70 years later, Plan continues to provide much needed assistance to 45 countries around the world, primarily in the areas of education, housing, and cross-cultural learning. First-time visitors will want to begin by looking through the section titled "Issues affecting children." This area provides both background materials and general guiding principles on such topics as street children, children in disaster areas, and HIV/AIDS among young people in the developing world. The "Where we work" area of the site provides detailed material on the work of the Plan organization in each region and country that the organization serves. Finally, concerned visitors to the site may also learn about opportunities for sponsoring a child.

2002-01-01

310

Dtest Testing Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software runs a suite of arbitrary software tests spanning various software languages and types of tests (unit level, system level, or file comparison tests). The dtest utility can be set to automate periodic testing of large suites of software, as well as running individual tests. It supports distributing multiple tests over multiple CPU cores, if available. The dtest tool is a utility program (written in Python) that scans through a directory (and its subdirectories) and finds all directories that match a certain pattern and then executes any tests in that directory as described in simple configuration files.

Jain, Abhinandan; Cameron, Jonathan M.; Myint, Steven

2013-01-01

311

The Personal Software Process in Undergraduate Software Engineering Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Personal Software Process, PSP, was developed at Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute as a personal version of the Capability Maturity Model. The intention of the PSP is to educate individual software engineers in the processes they follow in completing a programming task with a view to improving the quali ty of future work. At each level of the

A. L. Brown; M. J. Oudshoorn; K. J. Maciunas

1997-01-01

312

Understanding software defect detection in the Personal Software Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a general need to understand software defects and the ability to detect defects during different activities. This is particularly important in relation to software process improvement, where one objective may be to decrease the number of defects. The Personal Software Process (PSP) has gained attention during the last couple of years as a way to individual improvement in

Claes Wohlin; Anders Wesslén

1998-01-01

313

Implant Restoration of Edentulous Jaws with 3D Software Planning, Guided Surgery, Immediate Loading, and CAD-CAM Full Arch Frameworks  

PubMed Central

Purpose. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 23 edentulous jaws treated with 3D software planning, guided surgery, and immediate loading and restored with CAD-CAM full arch frameworks. Materials and Methods. This work was designed as a prospective case series clinical study. Twenty patients have been consecutively rehabilitated with an immediately loaded implant supported fixed full prosthesis. A total of 120 fixtures supporting 23 bridges were placed. 117 out of 120 implants were immediately loaded. Outcome measures were implants survival, radiographic marginal bone levels and remodeling, soft tissue parameters, and complications. Results. 114 of 117 implants reached a 30 months follow-up, and no patients dropped out from the study. The cumulative survival rate was 97.7%; after 30 months, mean marginal bone level was 1.25 ± 0.31?mm, mean marginal bone remodeling value was 1.08 ± 0.34, mean PPD value was 2.84 ± 0.55?mm, and mean BOP value was 4%?±?2.8%. Only minor prosthetic complications were recorded. Conclusion. Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that computer-guided surgery and immediate loading seem to represent a viable option for the immediate rehabilitations of completely edentulous jaws with fixed implant supported restorations. This trial is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01866696. PMID:23983690

De Riu, Giacomo; Pisano, Milena; Campus, Guglielmo; Tullio, Antonio

2013-01-01

314

Morality and the Software Architect  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author poses the question:is there a moral dimension to developing software? Should software architects have a professional code of ethics? As Bjarne Stroustrup has pointed out, our civilization runs on software. We as a professional community have developed technology that has changed the way individuals live, businesses operate, communities interact, and nations and civilizations thrive and expand. At that

Grady Booch

2008-01-01

315

Individualized Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

IntelliWeb and IntelliPrint, products from MicroMass Communications, utilize C Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS), a development and delivery expert systems tool developed at Johnson Space Center. IntelliWeb delivers personalized messages by dynamically creating single web pages or entire web sites based on information provided by each website visitor. IntelliPrint is a product designed to create tailored, individualized messages via printed media. The software uses proprietary technology to generate printed messages that are personally relevant and tailored to meet each individual's needs. Intelliprint is in use in many operations including Brystol-Myers Squibb's personalized newsletter, "Living at Your Best," geared to each recipient based on a health and lifestyle survey taken earlier; and SmithKline Beecham's "Nicorette Committed Quitters Program," in which customized motivational materials support participants in their attempt to quit smoking.

1997-01-01

316

Institute for Software Technology Advanced Topics of Artificial Intelligence  

E-print Network

Institute for Software Technology Advanced Topics of Artificial Intelligence - Advanced Planning ­ Advance Planning #12;Institute for Software Technology Shakey, the Robot developed 1966-1972 at Stanford ­ Advance Planning #12;Institute for Software Technology Motivation Planning is ... ­ a very old problem

317

Social media for software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media has changed the way that people collaborate and share information. In this paper, we highlight its impact for enabling new ways for software teams to form and work together. Individuals will self-organize within and across organizational boundaries. Grassroots software development communities will emerge centered around new technologies, common processes and attractive target markets. Companies consisting of lone individuals

Andrew Begel; Robert DeLine; Thomas Zimmermann

2010-01-01

318

Personal Software Process (PSP) Assistant  

Microsoft Academic Search

The personal software process (PSP) is a process and performance improvement method aimed at individual software engineers. The use of PSP has been shown to result in benefits such as improved estimation accuracy and reduced defect density of individuals. However, the experience of our institute and of several others is that recording various size and defect data can be onerous,

Raymund Sison; David Diaz; Eliska Lam; Dennis Navarro; Jessica Navarro

2005-01-01

319

Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory is given. More than 100 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: the Software Engineering Laboratory; the Software Engineering Laboratory-software development documents; software tools; software models; software measurement; technology evaluations; Ada technology; and data collection. Subject and author indexes further classify these documents by specific topic and individual author.

Groves, Paula; Valett, Jon

1990-01-01

320

Annotated bibliography of Software Engineering Laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory is given. More than 100 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: The Software Engineering Laboratory; The Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; Software Tools; Software Models; Software Measurement; Technology Evaluations; Ada Technology; and Data Collection. Subject and author indexes further classify these documents by specific topic and individual author.

Morusiewicz, Linda; Valett, Jon D.

1991-01-01

321

Software Engineering Knowledge Repositories  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In order to improve the maturity and competitiveness of software intensive organizations, there is a need to efficiently share\\u000a experiences about best software engineering practices, their benefits as well as their context requirements and boundaries.\\u000a Such knowledge enables companies to improve faster and at lower cost. Many such experiences exist locally either in individual\\u000a companies or departments – derived via

Andreas Jedlitschka; Markus Nick

2003-01-01

322

Proprietary software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The protection of intellectual property by a patent, a copyright, or trade secrets is reviewed. The present and future use of computers and software are discussed, along with the governmental uses of software. The popularity of contractual agreements for sale or lease of computer programs and software services is also summarized.

Marnock, M. J.

1971-01-01

323

Embedded Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The science of computation has systematically abstracted away the physical world. Embedded software systems, however, engage the physical world. Time, concurrency, liveness, robustness, continuums, reactivity, and resource management must be remarried to computation. Prevailing abstractions of computational systems leave out these "non-functional" aspects. This chapter explains why embedded software is not just software on small computers, and why it therefore

Edward A. Lee

2002-01-01

324

Software and Global Health: Assessing Vaccine Cold Chains from  

E-print Network

Software and Global Health: Assessing Vaccine Cold Chains from National Equipment Inventories of inventory based cold chain planning to global health 2. Stakeholders for global health software 3. Software

Anderson, Richard

325

Software Carpentry: Lessons Learned  

E-print Network

Over the last 15 years, Software Carpentry has evolved from a week-long training course at the US national laboratories into a worldwide volunteer effort to raise standards in scientific computing. This article explains what we have learned along the way the challenges we now face, and our plans for the future.

Greg Wilson

2013-07-20

326

Software Testing and Verification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The current issue of the IBM Systems Journal examines many aspects of software testing and verification. This new material contains ten articles written by workers in the IBM Research Division. Some of the papers, such as Testing z/OS, might be specific to IBM operations; however, most can be useful to individuals or companies implementing similar testing strategies. One article in particular discusses three case studies of Orthogonal Defect Classification and how it can be used "to improve software testing." Although the issue cannot be downloaded as a whole, individual papers can be viewed or downloaded in various formats.

2002-01-01

327

Managers Handbook for Software Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Methods and aids for the management of software development projects are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and experiences with flight dynamics software development. The management aspects of organizing the project, producing a development plan, estimation costs, scheduling, staffing, preparing deliverable documents, using management tools, monitoring the project, conducting reviews, auditing, testing, and certifying are described.

Agresti, W.; Mcgarry, F.; Card, D.; Page, J.; Church, V.; Werking, R.

1984-01-01

328

Comparison of dose calculations between pencil-beam and Monte Carlo algorithms of the iPlan RT in arc therapy using a homogenous phantom with 3DVH software  

PubMed Central

Background To create an arc therapy plan, certain current general calculation algorithms such as pencil-beam calculation (PBC) are based on discretizing the continuous arc into multiple fields to simulate an arc. The iPlan RT™ treatment planning system incorporates not only a PBC algorithm, but also a more recent Monte Carlo calculation (MCC) algorithm that does not need beam discretization. The objective of this study is to evaluate the dose differences in a homogenous phantom between PBC and MCC by using a three-dimensional (3D) diode array detector (ArcCHECK™) and 3DVH software. Methods A cylindrically shaped ‘target’ region of interest (ROI) and a ‘periphery ROI’ surrounding the target were designed. An arc therapy plan was created to deliver 600 cGy to the target within a 350° rotation angle, calculated using the PBC and MCC algorithms. The radiation doses were measured by the ArcCHECK, and reproduced by the 3DVH software. Through this process, we could compare the accuracy of both algorithms with regard to the 3D gamma passing rate (for the entire area and for each ROI). Results Comparing the PBC and MCC planned dose distributions directly, the 3D gamma passing rates for the entire area were 97.7% with the gamma 3%/3 mm criterion. Comparing the planned dose to the measured dose, the 3D gamma passing rates were 98.8% under the PBC algorithm and 100% under the MCC algorithm. The difference was statistically significant (p?=?0.034). Furthermore the gamma passing rate decreases 7.5% in the PBC when using the 2%/2 mm criterion compared to only a 0.4% decrease under the MCC. Each ROI as well as the entire area showed statistically significant higher gamma passing rates under the MCC algorithm. The failure points that did not satisfy the gamma criteria showed a regular pattern repeated every 10°. Conclusions MCC showed better accuracy than the PBC of the iPlan RT in calculating the dose distribution in arc therapy, which was validated with the ArcCHECK and the 3DVH software. This may suggest that the arc step of 10° is too large in the PBC algorithm in the iPlan RT. PMID:24305109

2013-01-01

329

NASA's Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft launched that does not have a computer on board that will provide command and control services. There have been recent incidents where software has played a role in high-profile mission failures and hazardous incidents. For example, the Mars Orbiter, Mars Polar Lander, the DART (Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology), and MER (Mars Exploration Rover) Spirit anomalies were all caused or contributed to by software. The Mission Control Centers for the Shuttle, ISS, and unmanned programs are highly dependant on software for data displays, analysis, and mission planning. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been little to no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Meanwhile, academia and private industry have been stepping forward with procedures and standards for safety critical systems and software, for example Dr. Nancy Leveson's book Safeware: System Safety and Computers. The NASA Software Safety Standard, originally published in 1997, was widely ignored due to its complexity and poor organization. It also focused on concepts rather than definite procedural requirements organized around a software project lifecycle. Led by NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard has recently undergone a significant update. This new standard provides the procedures and guidelines for evaluating a project for safety criticality and then lays out the minimum project lifecycle requirements to assure the software is created, operated, and maintained in the safest possible manner. This update of the standard clearly delineates the minimum set of software safety requirements for a project without detailing the implementation for those requirements. This allows the projects leeway to meet these requirements in many forms that best suit a particular project's needs and safety risk. In other words, it tells the project what to do, not how to do it. This update also incorporated advances in the state of the practice of software safety from academia and private industry. It addresses some of the more common issues now facing software developers in the NASA environment such as the use of Commercial-Off-the-Shelf Software (COTS), Modified OTS (MOTS), Government OTS (GOTS), and reused software. A team from across NASA developed the update and it has had both NASA-wide internal reviews by software engineering, quality, safety, and project management. It has also had expert external review. This presentation and paper will discuss the new NASA Software Safety Standard, its organization, and key features. It will start with a brief discussion of some NASA mission failures and incidents that had software as one of their root causes. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Safety Process. This will include an overview of the key personnel responsibilities and functions that must be performed for safety-critical software.

Ramsay, Christopher M.

2007-01-01

330

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Configuration Management Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE configuration management is to assess the activities that results in the process of identifying and defining the baselines associated with the SAPHIRE software product; controlling the changes to baselines and release of baselines throughout the life cycle; recording and reporting the status of baselines and the proposed and actual changes to the baselines; and verifying the correctness and completeness of baselines.. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

Kent Norris

2010-02-01

331

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Configuration Management Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE configuration management is to assess the activities that results in the process of identifying and defining the baselines associated with the SAPHIRE software product; controlling the changes to baselines and release of baselines throughout the life cycle; recording and reporting the status of baselines and the proposed and actual changes to the baselines; and verifying the correctness and completeness of baselines.. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

Kent Norris

2009-10-01

332

A Longitudinal Field Investigation of Gender Differences in Individual Technology Adoption Decision-Making Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated gender differences in the overlooked context of individual adoption and sustained usage of technology in the workplace using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). User reactions and technology usage behavior were studied over a 5-month period among 355 workers being introduced to a new software technology application. When compared to women's decisions, the decisions of men were

Viswanath Venkatesh; Michael G. Morris; Phillip L. Ackerman

2000-01-01

333

The Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) Project: rationale and planned nationwide studies of genetic predictors, physical exercise, and individualized pharmacological treatment  

PubMed Central

Here we provide an overview of the rationale and methods of a series of planned population based studies within the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) Project. The project aims to support and evaluate ongoing political and administrative efforts to implement nationwide guidelines for maintaining metabolic control in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients to prevent diabetic complications and improve quality of life. The DD2 is designed as a prospective cohort study (collection of epidemiological data) supplemented by randomized clinical intervention trials (on physical exercise and individualized pharmacological treatment) and the establishment of a biobank comprised of material from a large number of newly diagnosed T2D patients. Inclusion of the majority of newly diagnosed T2D patients as they are diagnosed at their general practitioner or diabetes hospital outpatient clinics and entered into the DD2 cohort will establish a nationwide database comprising a large number of future incident cases of T2D in Denmark. These cases will form the project cohort of the DD2. Within the first 6 months of diagnosis, all patients will be invited to contribute to a biobank of DNA, plasma, urine, and tissue sampling. The DNA biobank will enable future studies of the effect of pharmacological treatment and outcome in subsets of patients with specific genetic risk profiles covering disease etiology and specific drug kinetics and metabolism. We will also perform two clinical intervention trials examining: the effectiveness of physical exercise on diabetes-related outcomes and the impact of trial outcomes on individualized pharmacological treatment. Moreover, the DD2 will serve as a platform for testing and developing new antidiabetic drugs. All together, we expect this study to contribute to substantially improved diabetes care in T2D patients locally and abroad. PMID:23071406

Steffensen, Charlotte; Thomsen, Reimar W; Vaag, Allan; Beck-Nielsen, Henning; Christiansen, Jens Sandahl; Hansen, Torben; Pedersen, Oluf; Rungby, J?rgen

2012-01-01

334

Long-term efficacy of soy-based meal replacements vs an individualized diet plan in obese type II DM patients: relative effects on weight loss, metabolic parameters, and C-reactive protein  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Achieving significant weight loss and glycemic control in diabetic patients remains a challenging task.Objective:This study compared the effects of a soy-based meal replacement (MR) plan vs an individualized diet plan (IDP; as recommended by the American Diabetes Association) on weight loss and metabolic profile.Design\\/Subjects:A total of 104 subjects were randomized prospectively to the two treatments for a total of 12

Z Li; K Hong; P Saltsman; S DeShields; M Bellman; G Thames; Y Liu; H-J Wang; R Elashoff; D Heber

2005-01-01

335

Characterizing a software process maturity model for small organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software process refers to the set of tools, methods, and practices used to produce a software artifact. The objective of a software process management model is to produce software artifacts according to plans while simultaneously improving the organization's capability to produce better artifacts. The SEI's Capability Maturity Model (CMM) is a software process management model; it assists organizations to provide

Hossein Saiedian; Natsu Carr

1997-01-01

336

EQ3/6 software test and verification report 9/94  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Software Test and Verification Report (STVR) for the EQ3/6 suite of codes as stipulated in the Individual Software Plan for Initial Qualification of EQ3/6 (ISP-NF-07, Revision 1, 11/25/92). The software codes, EQPT, EQ3NR, EQ6, and the software library EQLIB constitute the EQ3/6 software package. This software test and verification project for EQ3/6 was started under the requirements of the LLNL Yucca Mountain Project Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP), Revision 0, December 14, 1989, but QP 3.2, Revision 2, June 21, 1994 is now the operative controlling procedure. This is a ``V and V`` report in the language of QP 3.2, Revision 2. Because the author of this report does not have a background in geochemistry, other technical sources were consulted in order to acquire some familiarity with geochemisty, the terminology minology involved, and to review comparable computational methods especially, geochemical aqueous speciation-solubility calculations. The software for the EQ3/6 package consists of approximately 47,000 lines of FORTRAN77 source code and nine on platforms ranging from workstations to supercomputers. The physical control of EQ3/6 software package and documentation is on a SUN SPARC station. Walkthroughs of each principal software packages, EQPT, EQ3NR, and EQ6 were conducted in order to understand the computational procedures involved, to determine any commonality in procedures, and then to establish a plan for the test and verification of EQ3/6. It became evident that all three phases depended upon solving an n x n matrix by the Newton-Raphson Method. Thus, a great deal of emphasis on the test and verification of this procedure was carried out on the first code in the software package EQPT.

Kishi, T.

1996-02-01

337

Software Design Improvements. Part 1; Software Benefits and Limitations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer hardware and associated software have been used for many years to process accounting information, to analyze test data and to perform engineering analysis. Now computers and software also control everything from automobiles to washing machines and the number and type of applications are growing at an exponential rate. The size of individual program has shown similar growth. Furthermore, software and hardware are used to monitor and/or control potentially dangerous products and safety-critical systems. These uses include everything from airplanes and braking systems to medical devices and nuclear plants. The question is: how can this hardware and software be made more reliable? Also, how can software quality be improved? What methodology needs to be provided on large and small software products to improve the design and how can software be verified?

Lalli, Vincent R.; Packard, Michael H.; Ziemianski, Tom

1997-01-01

338

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents reviews of six computer software programs for teaching science. Provides the publisher, grade level, cost, and descriptions of software, including: (1) "Recycling Logic"; (2) "Introduction to Biochemistry"; (3) "Food for Thought"; (4) "Watts in a Home"; (5) "Geology in Action"; and (6) "Biomes." All are for Apple series microcomputers.…

Wulfson, Stephen

1988-01-01

339

Analyzing Software Piracy in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the controversy of software piracy in education. It begins with a real world scenario that presents the setting and context of the problem. The legalities and background of software piracy are explained and true court cases are briefly examined. Discussion then focuses on explaining why individuals and organizations pirate…

Lesisko, Lee James

340

Qualitative Simulation Model for Software Engineering Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software process simulation models hold out the promise of improving project planning and control. However, quantitative models require a very detailed understanding of the software process. In particular, process knowledge needs to be represented quantitatively which requires extensive, reliable software project data. When such data is lacking, quantitative models must impose severe constraints, restricting the value of the models. In

He Zhang; Ming Huo; Barbara Kitchenham; D. Ross Jeffery

2006-01-01

341

Software Management Environment (SME): Components and algorithms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document presents the components and algorithms of the Software Management Environment (SME), a management tool developed for the Software Engineering Branch (Code 552) of the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD) of the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The SME provides an integrated set of visually oriented experienced-based tools that can assist software development managers in managing and planning software development projects. This document describes and illustrates the analysis functions that underlie the SME's project monitoring, estimation, and planning tools. 'SME Components and Algorithms' is a companion reference to 'SME Concepts and Architecture' and 'Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) Relationships, Models, and Management Rules.'

Hendrick, Robert; Kistler, David; Valett, Jon

1994-01-01

342

Demystifying software What is software?  

E-print Network

-have knowledge for any programmers 18 } ECE 243: Computer Organization } Hardware basics } ECE 244: ProgrammingDing Yuan Demystifying software #12;What is software? 2 } Anyone? } Computer programs, or the non-tangible parts of computer #12;Myth #1: programming is too hard 3 Too many languages: C, Java, Python

Prodiæ, Aleksandar

343

Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography is presented of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. The bibliography was updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials were grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: (1) The Software Engineering Laboratory; (2) The Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; (3) Software Tools; (4) Software Models; (5) Software Measurement; (6) Technology Evaluations; (7) Ada Technology; and (8) Data Collection. Subject and author indexes further classify these documents by specific topic and individual author.

Buhler, Melanie; Valett, Jon

1989-01-01

344

Relay Sequence Generation Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Due to thermal and electromagnetic interactivity between the UHF (ultrahigh frequency) radio onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), which performs relay sessions with the Martian landers, and the remainder of the MRO payloads, it is required to integrate and de-conflict relay sessions with the MRO science plan. The MRO relay SASF/PTF (spacecraft activity sequence file/ payload target file) generation software facilitates this process by generating a PTF that is needed to integrate the periods of time during which MRO supports relay activities with the rest of the MRO science plans. The software also generates the needed command products that initiate the relay sessions, some features of which are provided by the lander team, some are managed by MRO internally, and some being derived.

Gladden, Roy E.; Khanampompan, Teerapat

2009-01-01

345

Appendix F Software F.1 Software packages  

E-print Network

Appendix F Software F.1 Software packages The following table contains the list of software used in the Griffin experiment. The primary use of the software, the software manufacturer and version number of the software used are specified. A comparison of software calculation quality for two primary packages employed

346

Community Software Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a case study of developing and using community knowledge management software. The context of the case study is a school.\\u000a During a training workshop staff at a school was introduced to a community knowledge management system. The intent was for\\u000a them to use it for lesson planning and discussions. Instead, they built a series of applications that they

T. Dinesh; S. Uskudarli

347

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a variety of computer software. Subjects reviewed include history simulations and wordprocessing programs. Some of the eleven packages reviewed are Thog, North Utilities, HBJ Writer, Textra, Pro-cite, and Simulation Construction Kit. (BSR)

Slatta, Richard W. And Others

1987-01-01

348

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a variety of computer software. The packages reviewed include a variety of simulations, a spread sheet, a printer driver and an alternative operating system for DBM.PCs and compatible programs. (BSR)

Kimball, Jeffrey P.; And Others

1987-01-01

349

Analysis Software.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

General Purpose Boundary Element Solution Technology (GPBEST) software employs the boundary element method of mechanical engineering analysis, as opposed to finite element. It is, according to one of its developers, 10 times faster in data preparation and...

1994-01-01

350

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are six computer software packages including "Lunar Greenhouse,""Dyno-Quest,""How Weather Works,""Animal Trackers,""Personal Science Laboratory," and "The Skeletal and Muscular Systems." Availability, functional, and hardware requirements are discussed. (CW)

Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

1990-01-01

351

Using a Personal Software Process(SM) to Improve Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of software measurement and process definition by individual engineers is embodied in the Personal Software Process (PSP) SM, a collection of techniques and guidelines for individual software engineers to use in building software. This paper presents a brief overview of the PSP and summarizes data collected by engineers in order to illustrate the efficacy of the PSP. Implications

Will Hayes

1998-01-01

352

Software agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper, we discuss these questions and describe someemerging technologies that provide answers. In the final section, we mention some additionalissues and summarize the key points of the paper. (For more information onagent-based software engineering, see [Genesereth 1989] and [Genesereth 1992]. See also[Shoham 1993] for a description of a variation of agent-based software engineering knownas "agent-oriented programming".)2. Agent Communication Language

Michael R. Genesereth; Steven P. Ketchpel

1994-01-01

353

The Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a You’re almost done! In this chapter, you’ll learn where to find the required software to make your 3D printer work, as well\\u000a as how to install and use that software. There are also a couple of tasks that you’ll perform to get the motherboard and Extruder\\u000a controller ready to operate. We’re close, so let’s jump right in and get ready

Patrick Hood-Daniel; James Floyd Kelly

354

Software Testtechnieken (Software Testing Techniques),  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the report, a survey is made of the different software testing techniques, as described in literature. These methods can be divided in static (source level) and dynamic (running program) testing techniques. The static techniques described are 'data flo...

M. L. Verhoef

1986-01-01

355

LDUA software custodian`s notebook  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the activities to be performed and controls to be applied to the process of specifying, obtaining, and qualifying the control and data acquisition software for the Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) System. It serves the purpose of a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation plan, and a configuration management plan. This plan applies to all software that is an integral part of the LDUA control and data acquisition system, that is, software that is installed in the computers that are part of the LDUA system as it is deployed in the field. This plan applies to the entire development process, including: requirements; design; implementation; and operations and maintenance. This plan does not apply to any software that is not integral with the LDUA system. This plan has-been prepared in accordance with WHC-CM-6-1 Engineering Practices, EP-2.1; WHC-CM-3-10 Software Practices; and WHC-CM-4-2, QR 19.0, Software Quality Assurance Requirements.

Aftanas, B.L.

1998-08-20

356

Pandemic influenza planning: using the U.S. Centers for Disease Control FluAid Software for small area estimation in the Canadian context  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeThe U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed software (FluAid 2.0) to provide estimates of pandemic impact (deaths, hospitalizations, and outpatient visits). We wished to develop inputs for Alberta, Canada to use in place of program default values. We also wished to examine how FluAid output could be better contextualized for local users.

Donald P Schopflocher; Margaret L Russell; Lawrence W Svenson; Thu-Ha Nguyen; Irene Mazurenko

2004-01-01

357

Software Architecture and Software Configuration Bernhard Westfechtel  

E-print Network

Software Architecture and Software Configuration Management Bernhard Westfechtel and Reidar Reidar.Conradi@idi.ntnu.no Abstract. This paper examines the relations between software architecture and software configuration management. These disciplines overlap because they are both concerned

Westfechtel, Bernhard

358

Integrating species distributional, conservation planning, and individual based population models: A case study in critical habitat evaluation for the Northern Spotted Owl  

EPA Science Inventory

Background / Question / Methods As part of the ongoing northern spotted owl recovery planning effort, we evaluated a series of alternative potential critical habitat scenarios using a species-distribution model (MaxEnt), a conservation-planning model (Zonation), and an individua...

359

Personal Software Process in the Database Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the integration of the Personal Software Process (PSP) into an introductory database course in an MIS curriculum. PSP is a highly disciplined, process-based approach that serves to guide an individual programmer's activities during the development of a software system. Developed at the Software Engineering Institute (SEI) at Carnegie Mellon University, PSP defines how to use process principles

William I. Bullers Jr.

2004-01-01

360

Personal Software Process Technology: An Experiential Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Process improvements within software development occur at three different levels: the organizational level, the project\\/team level, and at the individual engineer -- or personal -- level. The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) of Carnegie Mellon University has developed process improvement models tailored to each of these levels. The Capability Maturity Model (CMM) 3 deals with organization issues, the Team Software Process

Iraj Hirmanpour; Soheil Khajenoori; Clyde Morris

361

The Personal Software Process: Experiences from Denmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of the research and practice in software process improvement (SPI) is shifting from traditional large-scale assessment based improvement initiatives to smaller sized, tailored initiatives where the emphasis is on the development personnel and their personal abilities. Personal software process (PSPSM) is a method designed for improving the personal capabilities of the individual software engineer. This paper contributes to

Pekka Abrahamsson; Karlheinz Kautz

2002-01-01

362

Personal Software Process: An Experiential Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a reflective examination of our experiences teaching a pilot session of the Personal Software Process (PSP) in a graduate software engineering course at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU). PSP, a new paradigm proposed by Watts Humphrey, is based on a disciplined approach to the software development process. It provides a framework for the individual developer to assess and

Soheil Khajenoori; Iraj Hirmanpour

1995-01-01

363

Institute for Software Technology Software Maintenance  

E-print Network

1 Institute for Software Technology Software Maintenance VU 3.0 WS 2006 Univ.Prof. Dr. Franz Wotawa Institut für Softwaretechnologie wotawa@ist.tugraz.at VU Software Maintenance 2Institute for Software Technology Wozu Software Maintenance? Meine Software ist immer korrekt! Keine Modifikationen. Nur neue

364

Aviation Design Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

DARcorporation developed a General Aviation CAD package through a Small Business Innovation Research contract from Langley Research Center. This affordable, user-friendly preliminary design system for General Aviation aircraft runs on the popular 486 IBM-compatible personal computers. Individuals taking the home-built approach, small manufacturers of General Aviation airplanes, as well as students and others interested in the analysis and design of aircraft are possible users of the package. The software can cut design and development time in half.

1997-01-01

365

Inverse Automated Treatment Planning with and without Individual Optimization in Interstitial Permanent Prostate Brachytherapy with High and Low-Activity 125 I  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To determine whether dose distribution achieved with treatment plans using high- and low-activity 125I implants differs.Patients and Methods: Based on intraoperative transrectal ultrasound scans of 71 patients, inverse automated treatment plans (IATP) were performed with 15.5-kBq (0.42-mCi) and 25.2-kBq (0.68-mCi) 125I implants using a commercial 3-D planning system (Variseed®). A prescription dose of 145 Gy in 98% of the

Michael Pinkawa; Uwe Maurer; Andrew Mulhern; Bernd Gagel; Thomas Block; Holger Borchers; Johannes Grieger; Thomas Henkel; Michael Eble

2003-01-01

366

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight  

SciTech Connect

The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP), Configuration Management Plan, Quality Assurance Plan, Software Project Plan, Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM), System Test Plan, SDP Interface Training Manual, and the SAPHIRE 8, 'New Features and Capabilities Overview'.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

367

Streamlining Collaborative Planning in Spacecraft Mission Architectures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the past two decades, the planning and scheduling community has substantially increased the capability and efficiency of individual planning and scheduling systems. Relatively recently, research work to streamline collaboration between planning systems is gaining attention. Spacecraft missions stand to benefit substantially from this work as they require the coordination of multiple planning organizations and planning systems. Up to the present time this coordination has demanded a great deal of human intervention and/or extensive custom software development efforts. This problem will become acute with increased requirements for cross-mission plan coordination and multi -spacecraft mission planning. The Advanced Architectures and Automation Branch of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center is taking innovative steps to define collaborative planning architectures, and to identify coordinated planning tools for Cross-Mission Campaigns. Prototypes are being developed to validate these architectures and assess the usefulness of the coordination tools by the planning community. This presentation will focus on one such planning coordination too], named Visual Observation Layout Tool (VOLT), which is currently being developed to streamline the coordination between astronomical missions

Misra, Dhariti; Bopf, Michel; Fishman, Mark; Jones, Jeremy; Kerbel, Uri; Pell, Vince

2000-01-01

368

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives a review of four software packages including "Science Toolkit: Module 3--Body Lab" for measuring heart rate, lung capacity, and response time; "Project Zoo: Adventures with Charts and Graphs" for developing process skills; "The Body Electric" for explaining electrical activity in the body; and "M-ss-ng L-nks Science Disk" for spelling…

Sidwell, Joseph C.; And Others

1988-01-01

369

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are seven computer software packages for IBM and/or Apple Computers. Included are "Windows on Science: Volume 1--Physical Science"; "Science Probe--Physical Science"; "Wildlife Adventures--Grizzly Bears"; "Science Skills--Development Programs"; "The Clean Machine"; "Rock Doctor"; and "Geology Search." Cost, quality, hardware, and…

Science and Children, 1990

1990-01-01

370

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three software packages: (1) "Physics," tutorial, grades 11-12, Macintosh; (2) "Hands On Math: Volume I," interactive math exploration/simulation of manipulatives use, grades K-7, Apple II; and (3) "A.I.: An Experience with Artificial Intelligence," simulation, grades 5-12, Apple II. (MVL)

Bitter, Gary G., Ed.

1989-01-01

371

Star Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a collection of computer software programs designed to spark learning enthusiasm at every grade level and across the curriculum. They include Reader Rabbit's Learn to Read, Spelling Power, Mind Twister Math, Community Construction Kit, Breaking the Code, Encarta Africana 2000, Virtual Serengeti, Operation: Frog (Deluxe), and My First…

Kloza, Brad

2000-01-01

372

Reviews: Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four computer software packages including: "The Physical Science Series: Sound" which demonstrates making waves, speed of sound, doppler effect, and human hearing; "Andromeda" depicting celestial motions in any direction; "Biology Quiz: Humans" covering chemistry, cells, viruses, and human biology; and "MacStronomy" covering information on…

Mackenzie, Norma N.; And Others

1988-01-01

373

Software Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed is a computer software package entitled "Audubon Wildlife Adventures: Grizzly Bears" for Apple II and IBM microcomputers. Included are availability, hardware requirements, cost, and a description of the program. The murder-mystery flavor of the program is stressed in this program that focuses on illegal hunting and game management. (CW)

McGrath, Diane, Ed.

1989-01-01

374

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are seven computer software packages including "Frog Dissection Lab Report,""Backyard Birds,""LEGO TC Logo,""Alcohol--Four Interactive Programs,""Windows on Science--Life Science,""Climate and Weather/Our Town Database," and "Weeds to Trees." Discussed are availability, features, strengths, and weaknesses. (CW)

Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

1990-01-01

375

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are two computer software programs for Apple II computers on weather for upper elementary and middle school grades. "Weather" introduces the major factors (temperature, humidity, wind, and air pressure) affecting weather. "How Weather Works" uses simulation and auto-tutorial formats on sun, wind, fronts, clouds, and storms. (YP)

McGrath, Diane, Ed.

1989-01-01

376

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six software packages are described in this review. Included are "Molecules and Atoms: Exploring the Essence of Matter"; "Heart Probe"; "GM Sunraycer"; "Six Puzzles"; "Information Laboratory--Life Science"; and "Science Test Builder." Hardware requirements, prices, and a summary of the abilities of each program are presented. (CW)

Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

1989-01-01

377

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews several computer software programs appropriate for educational use. Includes reviews of a graphic environmental operating system, a writers workshop, an exploration of an artificial intelligence program, and a microcomputer based laboratory (MBL) package. Provides information on hardware, grade level, purchasing, and strengths and…

Classroom Computer Learning, 1987

1987-01-01

378

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews of seven software packages are presented including "The Environment I: Habitats and EcoSystems; II Cycles and Interactions"; "Super Sign Maker"; "The Great Knowledge Race: Substance Abuse"; "Exploring Science: Temperature"; "Fast Food Calculator and RD Aide"; "The Human Body: Circulation and Respiration" and "Forces in Liquids and Gases."…

Science and Children, 1989

1989-01-01

379

Software Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A chart of 40 alumni-development database systems provides information on vendor/Web site, address, contact/phone, software name, price range, minimum suggested workstation/suggested server, standard reports/reporting tools, minimum/maximum record capacity, and number of installed sites/client type. (DB)

Currents, 2000

2000-01-01

380

Software Patterns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It is an articulation of the principles, values,and practices behind the pattern discipline. It is organized around a body of dozens of example patterns.It covers a wide range of topics ranging from pattern forms, to pattern languages, to the history of software patterns and pattern ethics. (UNC E-Learning Grant)

2007-01-23

381

Job Opportunity Software Engineer  

E-print Network

and software analysis, design, development and testing. The software engineer will be expectedJob Opportunity Software Engineer General Description: The software engineer will apply data mining, processing, and analytics, software development and computer programming skills to several

Plotkin, Joshua B.

382

Guidelines for Sandia ASCI Verification and Validation Plans - Content and Format: Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes general guidelines for the development of Verification and Validation (V and V) plans for ASCI code projects at Sandia National Laboratories. The main content categories recommended by these guidelines for explicit treatment in Sandia V and V plans are (1) stockpile drivers influencing the code development project (2) the key phenomena to be modeled by the individual code; (3) software verification strategy and test plan; and (4) code validation strategy and test plans. The authors of this document anticipate that the needed content of the V and V plans for the Sandia ASCI codes will evolve as time passes. These needs will be reflected by future versions of this document.

TRUCANO,TIMOTHY G.; MOYA,JAIME L.

1999-12-01

383

Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is an annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. Nearly 200 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: (1) The Software Engineering Laboratory; (2) The Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; (3) Software Tools; (4) Software Models; (5) Software Measurement; (6) Technology Evaluations; (7) Ada Technology; and (8) Data Collection. This document contains an index of these publications classified by individual author.

Kistler, David; Bristow, John; Smith, Don

1994-01-01

384

Building on Individual, State, and Federal Initiatives for Advance Care Planning, an Integral Component of Palliative and End-of-Life Cancer Care  

PubMed Central

Federal and state provisions for advance care planning—the process by which patients, families, and medical professionals plan for future and, in particular, end-of-life care—continue to receive attention. Such planning remains an integral component of palliative care, complementing the recognition and treatment of pain and other symptoms that patients with advanced malignancies and their families encounter. Historically, advance care planning interventions (particularly those involving advance directives) have been unable to consistently demonstrate positive outcomes for patients with life-threatening illnesses. However, more recent literature, including that on patients with cancer, illustrates that both patients and caregivers report improved quality of life and less distress after discussions with their health care teams about end-of-life care. Herein, we discuss recent federal and state public policy that focuses on advance care planning, suggesting the promise for care delivery improvements and the means by which existing barriers might be surmounted. These care delivery issues apply to several disease states but are particularly pertinent to the adult oncology setting. PMID:22379415

Epstein, Andrew S.; Volandes, Angelo E.; O'Reilly, Eileen M.

2011-01-01

385

Programming Makes Software; Support Makes Users  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Skilled software engineers may build fantastic software for climate modeling, yet fail to achieve their project’s objectives. Software support and related activities are just as critical as writing software. This study followed three different software projects in the climate sciences, using interviews, observation, and document analysis to examine the value added by support work. Supporting the project and interacting with users was a key task for software developers, who often spent 50% of their time on it. Such support work most often involved replying to questions on an email list, but also included talking to users on teleconference calls and in person. Software support increased adoption by building the software’s reputation and showing individuals how the software can meet their needs. In the process of providing support, developers often learned new of requirements as users reported features they desire and bugs they found. As software matures and gains widespread use, support work often increases. In fact, such increases can be one signal that the software has achieved broad acceptance. Maturing projects also find demand for instructional classes, online tutorials and detailed examples of how to use the software. The importance of support highlights the fact that building software systems involves both social and technical aspects. Yes, we need to build the software, but we also need to “build” the users and practices that can take advantage of it.

Batcheller, A. L.

2010-12-01

386

Software-Engineering Process Simulation (SEPS) model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Software Engineering Process Simulation (SEPS) model is described which was developed at JPL. SEPS is a dynamic simulation model of the software project development process. It uses the feedback principles of system dynamics to simulate the dynamic interactions among various software life cycle development activities and management decision making processes. The model is designed to be a planning tool to examine tradeoffs of cost, schedule, and functionality, and to test the implications of different managerial policies on a project's outcome. Furthermore, SEPS will enable software managers to gain a better understanding of the dynamics of software project development and perform postmodern assessments.

Lin, C. Y.; Abdel-Hamid, T.; Sherif, J. S.

1992-01-01

387

Culture shock: Improving software quality  

SciTech Connect

The concept of software quality can represent a significant shock to an individual who has been developing software for many years and who believes he or she has been doing a high quality job. The very idea that software includes lines of code and associated documentation is foreign and difficult to grasp, at best. Implementation of a software quality program hinges on the concept that software is a product whose quality needs improving. When this idea is introduced into a technical community that is largely ''self-taught'' and has been producing ''good'' software for some time, a fundamental understanding of the concepts associated with software is often weak. Software developers can react as if to say, ''What are you talking about. What do you mean I'm not doing a good job. I haven't gotten any complaints about my code yetexclamation'' Coupling such surprise and resentment with the shock that software really is a product and software quality concepts do exist, can fuel the volatility of these emotions. In this paper, we demonstrate that the concept of software quality can indeed pose a culture shock to developers. We also show that a ''typical'' quality assurance approach, that of imposing a standard and providing inspectors and auditors to assure its adherence, contributes to this shock and detracts from the very goal the approach should achieve. We offer an alternative, adopted through experience, to implement a software quality program: cooperative assistance. We show how cooperation, education, consultation and friendly assistance can overcome this culture shock. 3 refs.

de Jong, K.; Trauth, S.L.

1988-01-01

388

Software system safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software itself is not hazardous, but since software and hardware share common interfaces there is an opportunity for software to create hazards. Further, these software systems are complex, and proven methods for the design, analysis, and measurement of software safety are not yet available. Some past software failures, future NASA software trends, software engineering methods, and tools and techniques for various software safety analyses are reviewed. Recommendations to NASA are made based on this review.

Uber, James G.

1988-01-01

389

Design of Mariner 9 Science Sequences using Interactive Graphics Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper discusses the analyst/computer system used to design the daily science sequences required to carry out the desired Mariner 9 science plan. The Mariner 9 computer environment, the development and capabilities of the science sequence design software, and the techniques followed in the daily mission operations are discussed. Included is a discussion of the overall mission operations organization and the individual components which played an essential role in the sequence design process. A summary of actual sequences processed, a discussion of problems encountered, and recommendations for future applications are given.

Freeman, J. E.; Sturms, F. M, Jr.; Webb, W. A.

1973-01-01

390

The practical use of an interactive visualization and planning tool for intervention planning in particle accelerator environments with ionizing radiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A core issue during the planning of a maintenance intervention in a facility with ionizing radiation is the minimization of the integrated equivalent dose contracted by the maintenance workers during the intervention. In this work, we explore the use of a technical-scientific software program facilitating the intervention planning in irradiated environments using sound mathematical concepts. We show how the software can be used in planning future operations using a case studies: the decommissioning of a beam dump for a linear 160 MeV H- accelerator. Interactive visualization of the facilities and radiation levels, as well as tools for interactive trajectory planning are explored, as well as automatic calculation of the expected integrated individual dose contracted during an intervention.

Fabry, Thomas; Blaha, Jan; Vanherpe, Liesbeth; Braesch, Christian; Tabourot, Laurent; Feral, Bruno

2014-04-01

391

Affirmative Action Invitation to for Individuals with Disabilities Michigan Technological University has developed an affirmative action plan for persons with disabilities.  

E-print Network

Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, as amended by the Jobs for Veterans Act of 2002, 38 and advance in employment: (1) disabled veterans; (2) recently separated veterans; (3) active duty wartime for employment under this plan, (2) supervisors and managers may be informed regarding restrictions on work

392

ANTHEM BLUE CROSS AND BLUE SHIELD You may select from two separate dental care plans to meet your individual needs. Premium cost  

E-print Network

- 34 - ANTHEM BLUE CROSS AND BLUE SHIELD You may select from two separate dental care plans to meet two choices are: Anthem Blue Dental PPO Plus Anthem Blue Dental PPO NOTE: Children are eligible in retirement. PERA retirement benefits are based on your highest three years of earnings. Anthem Blue Dental

393

Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

2004-01-01

394

Software processes are software too  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The major theme of this meeting is the exploration of the importance of process as a vehicle for improving both the quality\\u000a of software products and the way in which we develop and evolve them. In beginning this exploration it seems important to\\u000a spend at least a short time examining the nature of process and convincing ourselves that this is

Leon J. Osterweil

1987-01-01

395

Planning for Obsolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses planning for the implementation of a high technology system which includes plans for how it will be phased out and an orderly transition made to its successor. System life expectations, user pressures, software modifications, commercial vendors, integrated systems, eroding economies, and replacement planning are highlighted. (EJS)

Malinconico, S. Michael

1984-01-01

396

Analysis Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

General Purpose Boundary Element Solution Technology (GPBEST) software employs the boundary element method of mechanical engineering analysis, as opposed to finite element. It is, according to one of its developers, 10 times faster in data preparation and more accurate than other methods. Its use results in less expensive products because the time between design and manufacturing is shortened. A commercial derivative of a NASA-developed computer code, it is marketed by Best Corporation to solve problems in stress analysis, heat transfer, fluid analysis and yielding and cracking of solids. Other applications include designing tractor and auto parts, household appliances and acoustic analysis.

1994-01-01

397

Seminar Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Society for Computer Simulation International is a professional technical society that distributes information on methodology techniques and uses of computer simulation. The society uses NETS, a NASA-developed program, to assist seminar participants in learning to use neural networks for computer simulation. NETS is a software system modeled after the human brain; it is designed to help scientists exploring artificial intelligence to solve pattern matching problems. Examples from NETS are presented to seminar participants, who can then manipulate, alter or enhance them for their own applications.

1993-01-01

398

Simulation Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various NASA Small Business Innovation Research grants from Marshall Space Flight Center, Langley Research Center and Ames Research Center were used to develop the 'kernel' of COMCO's modeling and simulation software, the PHLEX finite element code. NASA needed it to model designs of flight vehicles; one of many customized commercial applications is UNISIM, a PHLEX-based code for analyzing underground flows in oil reservoirs for Texaco, Inc. COMCO's products simulate a computational mechanics problem, estimate the solution's error and produce the optimal hp-adapted mesh for the accuracy the user chooses. The system is also used as a research or training tool in universities and in mechanical design in industrial corporations.

1996-01-01

399

Chemical recognition software  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a capability to make real time concentration measurements of individual chemicals in a complex mixture using a multispectral laser remote sensing system. Our chemical recognition and analysis software consists of three parts: (1) a rigorous multivariate analysis package for quantitative concentration and uncertainty estimates, (2) a genetic optimizer which customizes and tailors the multivariate algorithm for a particular application, and (3) an intelligent neural net chemical filter which pre-selects from the chemical database to find the appropriate candidate chemicals for quantitative analyses by the multivariate algorithms, as well as providing a quick-look concentration estimate and consistency check. Detailed simulations using both laboratory fluorescence data and computer synthesized spectra indicate that our software can make accurate concentration estimates from complex multicomponent mixtures, even when the mixture is noisy and contaminated with unknowns.

Wagner, J.S.; Trahan, M.W.; Nelson, W.E.; Hargis, P.H. Jr.; Tisone, G.C.

1994-06-01

400

Manager's handbook for software development, revision 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Methods and aids for the management of software development projects are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and experiences of the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) with flight dynamics software development. The management aspects of the following subjects are described: organizing the project, producing a development plan, estimating costs, scheduling, staffing, preparing deliverable documents, using management tools, monitoring the project, conducting reviews, auditing, testing, and certifying.

1990-01-01

401

Avionics Simulation, Development and Software Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During this reporting period, all technical responsibilities were accomplished as planned. A close working relationship was maintained with personnel of the MSFC Avionics Department Software Group (ED14), the MSFC EXPRESS Project Office (FD31), and the Huntsville Boeing Company. Accomplishments included: performing special tasks; supporting Software Review Board (SRB), Avionics Test Bed (ATB), and EXPRESS Software Control Panel (ESCP) activities; participating in technical meetings; and coordinating issues between the Boeing Company and the MSFC Project Office.

2002-01-01

402

University Approaches to Software Copyright and Licensure Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues of copyright policy and software licensure at Drexel University that were developed during the introduction of a new microcomputing program are discussed. Channels for software distribution include: individual purchase of externally-produced software, distribution of internally-developed software, institutional licensure, and "read only"…

Hawkins, Brian L.

403

Cost Benefit Analysis of Personal Software Process Training Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

For rapid and good quality software development, many researchers are actively studying the area of software process improvement. The personal software process is a popular process with individual software engineers, which was proposed by SEI in Carnegie Mellon University. In this paper, we present the lessons learned from participating in a PSP training program and apply a cost-benefit analysis approach

Taek Lee; Dookwon Baik; H. P. In

2008-01-01

404

A software surety analysis process  

SciTech Connect

As part of the High Consequence System Surety project, this work was undertaken to explore, one approach to conducting a surety theme analysis for a software-driven system. Originally, plans were to develop a theoretical approach to the analysis, and then to validate and refine this process by applying it to the software being developed for the Weight and Leak Check System (WALS), an automated nuclear weapon component handling system. As with the development of the higher level High consequence System surety Process, this work was not completed due to changes in funding levels. This document describes the software analysis process, discusses its application in a software, environment, and outlines next steps that could be taken to further develop and apply the approach to projects.

Trauth, S.; Tempel, P.

1995-11-01

405

Implementing software safety in the NASA environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently, NASA did not consider allowing computers total control of flight systems. Human operators, via hardware, have constituted the ultimate safety control. In an attempt to reduce costs, NASA has come to rely more and more heavily on computers and software to control space missions. (For example. software is now planned to control most of the operational functions of

Martha S. Wetherholt; Charles F. Radley

1994-01-01

406

Software testing at the architectural level  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that with the advent of explicitly specifiedsoftware architectures, testing can be done effectivelyat the architectural level. A software architecture specificationprovides a solid foundation for developing a plan fortesting at this level. We propose several architecture-basedtest criteria based on the Chemical Abstract Machine modelof software architecture. An architectural (integration) testplan, developed by applying selected of these criteria, can

Debra J. Richardson; Alexander L. Wolf

1996-01-01

407

MHEC Academic Scheduling Software Survey Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin summarizes the chief quantitative findings of a survey of 264 small and medium sized colleges and universities in the midwest concerning their use of and interest in academic scheduling software. This type of software assists in planning course offerings, assigning instructors and course functions to facilities and time slots, and…

Midwestern Higher Education Commission Academic Software Committee Research Bulletin, 1995

1995-01-01

408

Applying fuzzy neural network to estimate software development effort  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to accurately and consistently estimate software development efforts is required by the project managers in planning\\u000a and conducting software development activities. Since software effort drivers are vague and uncertain, software effort estimates,\\u000a especially in the early stages of the development life cycle, are prone to a certain degree of estimation errors. A software\\u000a effort estimation model which adopts

Sun-jen Huang; Nan-hsing Chiu

2009-01-01

409

Sandia software guidelines. Volume 3. Standards, practices, and conventions  

SciTech Connect

This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines intended for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. In consonance with the IEEE Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans, this volume identifies software standards, conventions, and practices. These guidelines are the result of a collective effort within Sandia National Laboratories to define recommended deliverables and to document standards, practices, and conventions which will help ensure quality software. 66 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Not Available

1986-07-01

410

Data systems and computer science: Software Engineering Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An external review of the Integrated Technology Plan for the Civil Space Program is presented. This review is specifically concerned with the Software Engineering Program. The goals of the Software Engineering Program are as follows: (1) improve NASA's ability to manage development, operation, and maintenance of complex software systems; (2) decrease NASA's cost and risk in engineering complex software systems; and (3) provide technology to assure safety and reliability of software in mission critical applications.

Zygielbaum, Arthur I.

1991-01-01

411

Adopting Open Source Software to Address Software Risks during the Scientific Data Life Cycle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software enables the creation, management, storage, distribution, discovery, and use of scientific data throughout the data lifecycle. However, the capabilities offered by software also present risks for the stewardship of scientific data, since future access to digital data is dependent on the use of software. From operating systems to applications for analyzing data, the dependence of data on software presents challenges for the stewardship of scientific data. Adopting open source software provides opportunities to address some of the proprietary risks of data dependence on software. For example, in some cases, open source software can be deployed to avoid licensing restrictions for using, modifying, and transferring proprietary software. The availability of the source code of open source software also enables the inclusion of modifications, which may be contributed by various community members who are addressing similar issues. Likewise, an active community that is maintaining open source software can be a valuable source of help, providing an opportunity to collaborate to address common issues facing adopters. As part of the effort to meet the challenges of software dependence for scientific data stewardship, risks from software dependence have been identified that exist during various times of the data lifecycle. The identification of these risks should enable the development of plans for mitigating software dependencies, where applicable, using open source software, and to improve understanding of software dependency risks for scientific data and how they can be reduced during the data life cycle.

Vinay, S.; Downs, R. R.

2012-12-01

412

Software Buying Behaviour of Consumer: A Factor Analysis Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today is the age of information we can have it as and when required this kind of freedom is hampering the software industry in a very big way & one of which is piracy of software .The decision to use or not to use pirated or freely available software on the net depends on the individual’s ethical standard. A person’s

Sunil Giri; Hari Govind Mishra; Vishal Sharma

2011-01-01

413

Implementing software safety in the NASA environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Until recently, NASA did not consider allowing computers total control of flight systems. Human operators, via hardware, have constituted the ultimate safety control. In an attempt to reduce costs, NASA has come to rely more and more heavily on computers and software to control space missions. (For example. software is now planned to control most of the operational functions of the International Space Station.) Thus the need for systematic software safety programs has become crucial for mission success. Concurrent engineering principles dictate that safety should be designed into software up front, not tested into the software after the fact. 'Cost of Quality' studies have statistics and metrics to prove the value of building quality and safety into the development cycle. Unfortunately, most software engineers are not familiar with designing for safety, and most safety engineers are not software experts. Software written to specifications which have not been safety analyzed is a major source of computer related accidents. Safer software is achieved step by step throughout the system and software life cycle. It is a process that includes requirements definition, hazard analyses, formal software inspections, safety analyses, testing, and maintenance. The greatest emphasis is placed on clearly and completely defining system and software requirements, including safety and reliability requirements. Unfortunately, development and review of requirements are the weakest link in the process. While some of the more academic methods, e.g. mathematical models, may help bring about safer software, this paper proposes the use of currently approved software methodologies, and sound software and assurance practices to show how, to a large degree, safety can be designed into software from the start. NASA's approach today is to first conduct a preliminary system hazard analysis (PHA) during the concept and planning phase of a project. This determines the overall hazard potential of the system to be built. Shortly thereafter, as the system requirements are being defined, the second iteration of hazard analyses takes place, the systems hazard analysis (SHA). During the systems requirements phase, decisions are made as to what functions of the system will be the responsibility of software. This is the most critical time to affect the safety of the software. From this point, software safety analyses as well as software engineering practices are the main focus for assuring safe software. While many of the steps proposed in this paper seem like just sound engineering practices, they are the best technical and most cost effective means to assure safe software within a safe system.

Wetherholt, Martha S.; Radley, Charles F.

1994-05-01

414

Implementing Software Safety in the NASA Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Until recently, NASA did not consider allowing computers total control of flight systems. Human operators, via hardware, have constituted the ultimate safety control. In an attempt to reduce costs, NASA has come to rely more and more heavily on computers and software to control space missions. (For example. software is now planned to control most of the operational functions of the International Space Station.) Thus the need for systematic software safety programs has become crucial for mission success. Concurrent engineering principles dictate that safety should be designed into software up front, not tested into the software after the fact. 'Cost of Quality' studies have statistics and metrics to prove the value of building quality and safety into the development cycle. Unfortunately, most software engineers are not familiar with designing for safety, and most safety engineers are not software experts. Software written to specifications which have not been safety analyzed is a major source of computer related accidents. Safer software is achieved step by step throughout the system and software life cycle. It is a process that includes requirements definition, hazard analyses, formal software inspections, safety analyses, testing, and maintenance. The greatest emphasis is placed on clearly and completely defining system and software requirements, including safety and reliability requirements. Unfortunately, development and review of requirements are the weakest link in the process. While some of the more academic methods, e.g. mathematical models, may help bring about safer software, this paper proposes the use of currently approved software methodologies, and sound software and assurance practices to show how, to a large degree, safety can be designed into software from the start. NASA's approach today is to first conduct a preliminary system hazard analysis (PHA) during the concept and planning phase of a project. This determines the overall hazard potential of the system to be built. Shortly thereafter, as the system requirements are being defined, the second iteration of hazard analyses takes place, the systems hazard analysis (SHA). During the systems requirements phase, decisions are made as to what functions of the system will be the responsibility of software. This is the most critical time to affect the safety of the software. From this point, software safety analyses as well as software engineering practices are the main focus for assuring safe software. While many of the steps proposed in this paper seem like just sound engineering practices, they are the best technical and most cost effective means to assure safe software within a safe system.

Wetherholt, Martha S.; Radley, Charles F.

1994-01-01

415

Planning support systems for spatial planning through social learning  

E-print Network

This dissertation examines new professional practices in urban planning that utilize new types of spatial planning support systems (PSS) based on geographic information systems (GIS) software. Through a mixed-methods ...

Goodspeed, Robert (Robert Charles)

2013-01-01

416

Software for Probabilistic Risk Reduction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program implements a methodology, denoted probabilistic risk reduction, that is intended to aid in planning the development of complex software and/or hardware systems. This methodology integrates two complementary prior methodologies: (1) that of probabilistic risk assessment and (2) a risk-based planning methodology, implemented in a prior computer program known as Defect Detection and Prevention (DDP), in which multiple requirements and the beneficial effects of risk-mitigation actions are taken into account. The present methodology and the software are able to accommodate both process knowledge (notably of the efficacy of development practices) and product knowledge (notably of the logical structure of a system, the development of which one seeks to plan). Estimates of the costs and benefits of a planned development can be derived. Functional and non-functional aspects of software can be taken into account, and trades made among them. It becomes possible to optimize the planning process in the sense that it becomes possible to select the best suite of process steps and design choices to maximize the expectation of success while remaining within budget.

Hensley, Scott; Michel, Thierry; Madsen, Soren; Chapin, Elaine; Rodriguez, Ernesto

2004-01-01

417

Software testability and its application to avionic software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Randomly generated black-box testing is an established yet controversial method of estimating software reliability. Unfortunately, as software applications have required higher reliabilities, practical difficulties with black-box testing have become increasingly problematic. These practical problems are particularly acute in life-critical avionics software, where requirements of 10 exp -7 failures per hour of system reliability can translate into a probability of failure (POF) of perhaps 10 exp -9 or less for each individual execution of the software. This paper describes the application of one type of testability analysis called 'sensitivity analysis' to B-737 avionics software; one application of sensitivity analysis is to quantify whether software testing is capable of detecting faults in a particular program and thus whether we can be confident that a tested program is not hiding faults. We so 80 by finding the testabilities of the individual statements of the program, and then use those statement testabilities to find the testabilities of the functions and modules. For the B-737 system we analyzed, we were able to isolate those functions that are more prone to hide errors during system/reliability testing.

Voas, Jeffrey M.; Miller, Keith W.; Payne, Jeffery E.

1993-01-01

418

Software Fact Sheet Description  

E-print Network

Software Fact Sheet Description Display & Analysis Software Data Access Software www.unidata.ucar.edu/software, and multidisciplinary integration, Unidata provides a rich set of software tools to access and visualize Earth with the aid of three tools: the LDM, RAMADDA and the TDS. Data Management Software Unidata facilitates

419

ODE software Manchester recollections  

E-print Network

1 ODE software Manchester recollections Ian Gladwell SMU #12; 2 ODE software­ Manchester recollections Topics # Review ­ early history of ODE software # The NAG connection # Recent ODE software contributions #12; 3 ODE software­ Manchester recollections IVP software 1965­1975 Non­stiff solvers y' = f

Higham, Nicholas J.

420

A Guide for Individuals  

E-print Network

Individuals&Families 1) To plan for a pandemic: Store a two-week supply of fresh water * and food, in clean plastic litres of water per person per day - 2 litres for drinking and 2 litres for food preparation/sanitation Select foods that do not require refrigeration, preparation (including the use of water) or cooking

Christensen, Dan

421

Software engineering laboratory series: Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is an annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. More than 100 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: (1) the Software Engineering Laboratory; (2) the Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; (3) Software Tools; (4) Software Models; (5) Software Measurement; (6) Technology Evaluations; (7) Ada Technology; and (8) Data Collection. This document contains an index of these publications classified by individual author.

Morusiewicz, Linda; Valett, Jon

1992-01-01

422

The Utility of a Curriculum-Based Assessment Instrument in the Development of Individualized Education Plans for Infants and Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effectiveness of the Evaluation and Programming System: Assessment Level I (EPS-I) in developing individual educational goals. The EPS-I is a curiculum-based assessment instrument intended for use with infants and young children functioning developmentally from 1 month to 3 years who are handicapped or at-risk. Long-range goals and short-term objectives developed from the EPS-I were compared with

Angela R. Notari; Diane D. Bricker

1990-01-01

423

Peppy: Proteogenomic Search Software  

PubMed Central

Proteogenomic searching is a useful method for identifying novel proteins, annotating genes and detecting peptides unique to an individual genome. The approach, however, can be laborious, as it often requires search segmentation and the use of several unintegrated tools. Furthermore, many proteogenomic efforts have been limited to small genomes, as large genomes can prove impractical due to the required amount of computer memory and computation time. We present Peppy, a software tool designed to perform every necessary task of proteogenomic searches quickly, accurately and automatically. The software generates a peptide database from a genome, tracks peptide loci, matches peptides to MS/MS spectra and assigns confidence values to those matches. Peppy automatically performs a decoy database generation, search and analysis to return identifications at the desired false discovery rate threshold. Written in Java for cross-platform execution, the software is fully multithreaded for enhanced speed. The program can run on regular desktop computers, opening the doors of proteogenomic searching to a wider audience of proteomics and genomics researchers. Peppy is available at http://geneffects.com/peppy. PMID:23614390

Risk, Brian A.; Spitzer, Wendy J.; Giddings, Morgan C.

2014-01-01

424

Peppy: proteogenomic search software.  

PubMed

Proteogenomic searching is a useful method for identifying novel proteins, annotating genes and detecting peptides unique to an individual genome. The approach, however, can be laborious, as it often requires search segmentation and the use of several unintegrated tools. Furthermore, many proteogenomic efforts have been limited to small genomes, as large genomes can prove impractical due to the required amount of computer memory and computation time. We present Peppy, a software tool designed to perform every necessary task of proteogenomic searches quickly, accurately and automatically. The software generates a peptide database from a genome, tracks peptide loci, matches peptides to MS/MS spectra and assigns confidence values to those matches. Peppy automatically performs a decoy database generation, search and analysis to return identifications at the desired false discovery rate threshold. Written in Java for cross-platform execution, the software is fully multithreaded for enhanced speed. The program can run on regular desktop computers, opening the doors of proteogenomic searching to a wider audience of proteomics and genomics researchers. Peppy is available at http://geneffects.com/peppy . PMID:23614390

Risk, Brian A; Spitzer, Wendy J; Giddings, Morgan C

2013-06-01

425

GP Workbench Manual: Technical Manual, User's Guide, and Software Guide  

USGS Publications Warehouse

GP Workbench is an open-source general-purpose geophysical data processing software package written primarily for ground penetrating radar (GPR) data. It also includes support for several USGS prototype electromagnetic instruments such as the VETEM and ALLTEM. The two main programs in the package are GP Workbench and GP Wave Utilities. GP Workbench has routines for filtering, gridding, and migrating GPR data; as well as an inversion routine for characterizing UXO (unexploded ordinance) using ALLTEM data. GP Workbench provides two-dimensional (section view) and three-dimensional (plan view or time slice view) processing for GPR data. GP Workbench can produce high-quality graphics for reports when Surfer 8 or higher (Golden Software) is installed. GP Wave Utilities provides a wide range of processing algorithms for single waveforms, such as filtering, correlation, deconvolution, and calculating GPR waveforms. GP Wave Utilities is used primarily for calibrating radar systems and processing individual traces. Both programs also contain research features related to the calibration of GPR systems and calculating subsurface waveforms. The software is written to run on the Windows operating systems. GP Workbench can import GPR data file formats used by major commercial instrument manufacturers including Sensors and Software, GSSI, and Mala. The GP Workbench native file format is SU (Seismic Unix), and subsequently, files generated by GP Workbench can be read by Seismic Unix as well as many other data processing packages.

Oden, Charles P.; Moulton, Craig W.

2006-01-01

426

Social Software for Professional Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social software is used widely in organizational knowledge management and professional learning. The PROLEARN network of excellence appreciates the trend of lowering the barriers between knowledge and learning management strategies for organizations and individuals. But, companies should not underestimate the needs for systematic support based on sound theories and technologies. We illustrate the requirements by examples and research issues for

Ralf Klamma; Mohamed Amine Chatti; Hans Hummel; Ebba Thora Hvannberg; Andreas Kaibel; Barbara Kieslinger; Milos Kravcik; Ambjörn Naeve; Peter Scott; Marcus Specht; Colin Tattersall; Riina Vuorikari

427

Lesson Plans Inc: Biology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson Plans Inc. is a science curriculum resource for teachers of high-school science, currently offering lesson plans and software for biology. "Lesson plans" include experiments, labs, and other activities; syllabi; projects; worksheets and homework; and quizzes and exams. The resources focus on different learning styles (auditory, visual, kinesthetic, and tactile) and are aligned to California state standards. Registration, which is free, provides access to all lesson plans, and enables members to rate and comment on lessons and post their own lessons and best practices. Videos, 3-D animations, and software are available with paid subscription.

428

Individual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paper presented at the 66th Convention of the International Association of Pupil Personnel Workers, October 20, 1980, Baltimore, Maryland, describes individual education based on the principles of Alfred Adler. Defines six advantages of individual education, emphasizing student responsibility, mutual respect, and allowing students to progress at…

Corsini, Raymond

1981-01-01

429

Supercomputer software  

SciTech Connect

The supercomputer software community is a hive of activity. New hardware vendors are scrambling to produce the longest list of available applications for their machines; researchers at universities and in private industry are sweating away at the programming problems presented by parallel computers; and a move to Unix is underway. And meanwhile, users and potential users everywhere are looking over the new machines and realizing that new kinds of problems can be tackled with them due both to the plummeting cost of performance and to new kinds of capabilities-most notably small, single-user systems that combine number-crunching power with interactive graphics-oriented user interfaces. Observers who wonder what all the new supercomputers will be used for can rest assured: there are meaningful, profitable uses for these machines. As the product-rollout boom in mid-range and low-end systems proceeds, existing supercomputer users can instantly apply the newly available computation capacity-many of them need just as much power as their budgets will allow. New applications, as they capitalize on falling prices, will in turn drive the market.

Young, J.

1988-03-03

430

irene: a software to evaluate model performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The software irene (Integrated Resources for Evaluating Numerical Estimates) is a data analysis tool designed to provide easy access to statistical techniques for use in model evaluation. Mostly, non-replicated model estimates (Ei) are compared against non-replicated measurements (Mi). The software also allows comparing individual estimates against replicated measurements (or vice versa) and replicated estimates against replicated measurements. The evaluation of

Gianni Fila; Gianni Bellocchi; Marco Acutis; Marcello Donatelli

2003-01-01

431

Databases in software engineering: a roadmap  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of software systems is a complex process involving a variety of individual tasks, collaborative work, and lifecycle management of the resulting products and product parts. Software development teams are supported in their work by a number of methods for the various production phases, and by appropriate tools of varying degrees of sophistication. Due to the immaterial nature of

Klaus R. Dittrich; Dimitrios Tombros; Andreas Geppert

2000-01-01

432

Computer Software & Programing Utilization in Kinematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses two software packages used in kinematics courses at Purdue University, Calumet (Indiana) and some algorithms written by students for cam design. The first software package, 4BAR, requires the user to define the particular four bar linkage in terms of lengths of the individual links and the angle and distance to the coupler…

Zahraee, Mohammad A.; And Others

433

Educational Software: Evaluation? No! Utility? Yes!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The utility of educational software is associated with three components: (1) type of learning (cognitive development, individually facilitated acquisition of knowledge, teacher-facilitated acquisition of knowledge, memorization); (2) type of experience (self-directed or purposive environmental experience); and (3) user perception of software

Hofmann, Rich

1985-01-01

434

Fuzzy systems and neural networks in software engineering project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

To make reasonable estimates of resources, costs, and schedules, software project managers need to be provided with models that furnish the essential framework for software project planning and control by supplying important “management numbers” concerning the state and parameters of the project that are critical for resource allocation. Understanding that software development is not a “mechanistic” process brings about the

Satish Kumar; B. Ananda Krishna; Prem S. Satsangi

1994-01-01

435

MUSE studio lab and innovative software engineering capstone project experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents our rationale in setting up an innovative studio lab called the MUSE (Monash University Software Engineering) Studio Lab for our final year undergraduate Software Engineering students in 2002, an evaluation of the outcomes for 2002 and plans for 2003 and beyond. We describe the Monash University Software Engineering (MUSE) Strategy to make the MUSE culture and MUSE

Sita Ramakrishnan

2003-01-01

436

Genetic Programming-Based Decision Trees for Software Quality Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The knowledge of the likely problematic areas of a software system is very useful for improving its overall quality. Based on such information, a more focused software testing and inspection plan can be devised. Decision trees are attractive for a software quality classification problem which predicts the quality of program modules in terms of risk-based classes. They provide a comprehensible

Taghi M. Khoshgoftaar; Yi Liu; Naeem Seliya

2003-01-01

437

Resource Conservation Software Competition in California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a statewide computer competition involving young programers (individuals and groups) who developed software packages on energy and water conservation. Project rules, guidelines, challenges, evaluations, prizes, commitments, benefits, and costs are discussed. (BC)

Tzitz, Carolyn J.

1984-01-01

438

A study on agility and testing processes in software organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we studied the differences in testing activities between software organizations which apply agile development methods and organizations which take the traditional plan-driven approach. Our focus was on the concepts which allow the software organization to successfully apply agile development methods or plan-driven methods. We also observed the test process enhancements and hindrances, which originate in the selected

Vesa Kettunen; Jussi Kasurinen; Ossi Taipale; Kari Smolander

2010-01-01

439

Software Engineering School COMSC  

E-print Network

responsibilities in software engineering (such as ethics, legal issues, design issues) 4. Analyse and reflectSoftware Engineering School COMSC This module introduces Software Engineering principles and practices that are needed to develop software-intensive systems. Students will work on a software

Martin, Ralph R.

440

Donating blood and organs: using an extended theory of planned behavior perspective to identify similarities and differences in individual motivations to donate.  

PubMed

Due to the critical shortage and continued need of blood and organ donations (ODs), research exploring similarities and differences in the motivational determinants of these behaviors is needed. In a sample of 258 university students, we used a cross-sectional design to test the utility of an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) including moral norm, self-identity and in-group altruism (family/close friends and ethnic group), to predict people's blood and OD intentions. Overall, the extended TPB explained 77.0% and 74.6% of variance in blood and OD intentions, respectively. In regression analyses, common contributors to intentions across donation contexts were attitude, self-efficacy and self-identity. Normative influences varied with subjective norm as a significant predictor related to OD intentions but not blood donation intentions at the final step of regression analyses. Moral norm did not contribute significantly to blood or OD intentions. In-group altruism (family/close friends) was significantly related to OD intentions only in regressions. Future donation strategies should increase confidence to donate, foster a perception of self as the type of person who donates blood and/or organs, and address preferences to donate organs to in-group members only. PMID:23943782

Hyde, Melissa K; Knowles, Simon R; White, Katherine M

2013-12-01

441

Software Project Improvement through Personal Software Process in a R&D Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Any software engineer with a working experience greater than a few months knows about the problems that projects face to reach the planned goals, on-time and on-budget, and that when they are not cancelled. When thinking about software process improvement, several methodologies can be found on the literature. In this paper, we will talk about how to employ these tools

Iñaki Etxaniz

2007-01-01

442

A Method for Teaching a Software Process based on the Personal Software Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a method in teaching software process at under-graduate level, based on the Personal Software Process (PSP). The goal is to inform students about the process and to allow practical experience in the implementation of the defined and measured personal process. During the course, personal baseline and planning processes are implemented while completing programming and report exercises. In

Zeljka Car

2003-01-01

443

Software Effort Estimation Accuracy: A Comparative Study of Estimations Based on Software Sizing and Development Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of project failures and those projects completed over cost and over schedule has been a significant issue for software project managers. Among the many reasons for failure, inaccuracy in software estimation--the basis for project bidding, budgeting, planning, and probability estimates--has been identified as a root cause of a high…

Lafferty, Mark T.

2010-01-01

444

A toolbox for developing bioinformatics software  

PubMed Central

Creating useful software is a major activity of many scientists, including bioinformaticians. Nevertheless, software development in an academic setting is often unsystematic, which can lead to problems associated with maintenance and long-term availibility. Unfortunately, well-documented software development methodology is difficult to adopt, and technical measures that directly improve bioinformatic programming have not been described comprehensively. We have examined 22 software projects and have identified a set of practices for software development in an academic environment. We found them useful to plan a project, support the involvement of experts (e.g. experimentalists), and to promote higher quality and maintainability of the resulting programs. This article describes 12 techniques that facilitate a quick start into software engineering. We describe 3 of the 22 projects in detail and give many examples to illustrate the usage of particular techniques. We expect this toolbox to be useful for many bioinformatics programming projects and to the training of scientific programmers. PMID:21803787

Potrzebowski, Wojciech; Puton, Tomasz; Rother, Magdalena; Wywial, Ewa; Bujnicki, Janusz M.

2012-01-01

445

Washington County Comprehensive plan  

E-print Network

Washington County Comprehensive plan October 2010 #12;This page is intentionally blank. #12;Table of ConTenTs #12;ii Washington County Comprehensive plan · 2010 #12;iii Table of ConTenTs Table of Con Washington County Comprehensive plan · 2010 4. makIng The Case for PlannIng 17 Collective vs. Individual

446

Planning Report 02-3 The Economic  

E-print Network

Planning Report 02-3 The Economic Impacts of Inadequate Infrastructure for Software Testing Number 7007.011 The Economic Impacts of Inadequate Infrastructure for Software Testing Final Report May to Software Quality and Testing 1-1 1.1 Software Quality Attributes

447

Selecting Software for Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses resources and strategies that libraries can use to evaluate competing database management software for purchase. Needs assessments, types of software available, features of good software, evaluation aids, shareware, and marketing and product trends are covered. (KRN)

Beiser, Karl

1993-01-01

448

Designing security into software  

E-print Network

When people talk about software security, they usually refer to security applications such as antivirus software, firewalls and intrusion detection systems. There is little emphasis on the security in the software itself. ...

Zhang, Chang Tony

2006-01-01

449

CANbus. , Testing software  

E-print Network

, , CANbus. , , . , . , , . Testing software for devices with CANbus interface functions of software, results of testing and examples of real applications. © . .. #12 V.R.Kozak Abstract The article describes a specialized software package for devices with CANbus

Kozak, Victor R.

450

Controlling Software Piracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains what software manufacturers are doing to combat software piracy, recommends how managers should deal with this problem, and provides a role-playing exercise to help students understand the issues in software piracy. (SR)

King, Albert S.

1992-01-01

451

Issues in NASA Program and Project Management: Focus on Project Planning and Scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics addressed include: Planning and scheduling training for working project teams at NASA, overview of project planning and scheduling workshops, project planning at NASA, new approaches to systems engineering, software reliability assessment, and software reuse in wind tunnel control systems.

Hoffman, Edward J. (Editor); Lawbaugh, William M. (Editor)

1997-01-01

452

Software Engineering Guidebook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Software Engineering Guidebook describes SEPG (Software Engineering Process Group) supported processes and techniques for engineering quality software in NASA environments. Three process models are supported: structured, object-oriented, and evolutionary rapid-prototyping. The guidebook covers software life-cycles, engineering, assurance, and configuration management. The guidebook is written for managers and engineers who manage, develop, enhance, and/or maintain software under the Computer Software Services Contract.

Connell, John; Wenneson, Greg

1993-01-01

453

PLAN FEATURES Deductible (per calendar year) $300 Individual $300 Individual  

E-print Network

deductible Certification Requirements Rice University Effective Date: 07-01-2014 Aetna ChoiceTM POS ll (OOA the Payment Limit. Unlimited except where otherwise indicated. 3/05/2014 Page 1 #12;Rice University Effective Allergy Testing Allergy Injections DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES Diagnostic Laboratory and X-ray Diagnostic X-ray

454

Agile project dynamics : a strategic project management approach to the study of large-scale software development using system dynamics  

E-print Network

Large-scale software engineering organizations have traditionally used plan-driven, heavyweight, waterfall-style approaches for the planning, execution, and monitoring of software development efforts. This approach often ...

Glaiel, Firas (Firas S.)

2012-01-01

455

Software Management Environment (SME) concepts and architecture, revision 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document presents the concepts and architecture of the Software Management Environment (SME), developed for the Software Engineering Branch of the Flight Dynamic Division (FDD) of GSFC. The SME provides an integrated set of experience-based management tools that can assist software development managers in managing and planning flight dynamics software development projects. This document provides a high-level description of the types of information required to implement such an automated management tool.

Hendrick, Robert; Kistler, David; Valett, Jon

1992-01-01

456

Individualizing Medicare.  

PubMed

Despite the enactment of significant changes to the Medicare program in 1997, Medicare's Hospital Insurance trust fund is projected to be exhausted just as the baby boom enters retirement. To address Medicare's financial difficulties, a number of reform proposals have been offered, including several to individualize Medicare financing and benefits. These proposals would attempt to increase Medicare revenues and reduce Medicare expenditures by having individuals bear risk--investment market risk before retirement and insurance market risk after retirement. Many fundamental aspects of these proposals have yet to be worked out, including how to guarantee a baseline level of saving for health insurance after retirement, how retirees might finance unanticipated health insurance price increases after retirement, the potential implications for Medicaid of inadequate individual saving, and whether the administrative cost of making the system fair and adequate ultimately would eliminate any rate-of-return advantages from allowing workers to invest their Medicare contributions in corporate stocks and bonds. PMID:10915458

Chollet, D J

1999-05-01

457

Ada and software management in NASA: Assessment and recommendations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent NASA missions have required software systems that are larger, more complex, and more critical than NASA software systems of the past. The Ada programming language and the software methods and support environments associated with it are seen as potential breakthroughs in meeting NASA's software requirements. The findings of a study by the Ada and Software Management Assessment Working Group (ASMAWG) are presented. The study was chartered to perform three tasks: (1) assess the agency's ongoing and planned Ada activities; (2) assess the infrastructure (standards, policies, and internal organizations) supporting software management and the Ada activities; and (3) present an Ada implementation and use strategy appropriate for NASA over the next 5 years.

1989-01-01

458

Fully Employing Software Inspections Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software inspections provide a proven approach to quality assurance for software products of all kinds, including requirements, design, code, test plans, among others. Common to all inspections is the aim of finding and fixing defects as early as possible, and thereby providing cost savings by minimizing the amount of rework necessary later in the lifecycle. Measurement data, such as the number and type of found defects and the effort spent by the inspection team, provide not only direct feedback about the software product to the project team but are also valuable for process improvement activities. In this paper, we discuss NASA's use of software inspections and the rich set of data that has resulted. In particular, we present results from analysis of inspection data that illustrate the benefits of fully utilizing that data for process improvement at several levels. Examining such data across multiple inspections or projects allows team members to monitor and trigger cross project improvements. Such improvements may focus on the software development processes of the whole organization as well as improvements to the applied inspection process itself.

Shull, Forrest; Feldmann, Raimund L.; Seaman, Carolyn; Regardie, Myrna; Godfrey, Sally

2009-01-01

459

Software Configuration Management Guidebook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growth in cost and importance of software to NASA has caused NASA to address the improvement of software development across the agency. One of the products of this program is a series of guidebooks that define a NASA concept of the assurance processes which are used in software development. The Software Assurance Guidebook, SMAP-GB-A201, issued in September, 1989, provides an overall picture of the concepts and practices of NASA in software assurance. Lower level guidebooks focus on specific activities that fall within the software assurance discipline, and provide more detailed information for the manager and/or practitioner. This is the Software Configuration Management Guidebook which describes software configuration management in a way that is compatible with practices in industry and at NASA Centers. Software configuration management is a key software development process, and is essential for doing software assurance.

1995-01-01

460

Software Vulnerability Taxonomy Consolidation  

SciTech Connect

In today's environment, computers and networks are increasing exposed to a number of software vulnerabilities. Information about these vulnerabilities is collected and disseminated via various large publicly available databases such as BugTraq, OSVDB and ICAT. Each of these databases, individually, do not cover all aspects of a vulnerability and lack a standard format among them, making it difficult for end-users to easily compare various vulnerabilities. A central database of vulnerabilities has not been available until today for a number of reasons, such as the non-uniform methods by which current vulnerability database providers receive information, disagreement over which features of a particular vulnerability are important and how best to present them, and the non-utility of the information presented in many databases. The goal of this software vulnerability taxonomy consolidation project is to address the need for a universally accepted vulnerability taxonomy that classifies vulnerabilities in an unambiguous manner. A consolidated vulnerability database (CVDB) was implemented that coalesces and organizes vulnerability data from disparate data sources. Based on the work done in this paper, there is strong evidence that a consolidated taxonomy encompassing and organizing all relevant data can be achieved. However, three primary obstacles remain: lack of referencing a common ''primary key'', un-structured and free-form descriptions of necessary vulnerability data, and lack of data on all aspects of a vulnerability. This work has only considered data that can be unambiguously extracted from various data sources by straightforward parsers. It is felt that even with the use of more advanced, information mining tools, which can wade through the sea of unstructured vulnerability data, this current integration methodology would still provide repeatable, unambiguous, and exhaustive results. Though the goal of coalescing all available data, which would be of use to system administrators, software developers and vulnerability researchers is not yet achieved, this work has resulted in the most exhaustive collection of vulnerability data to date.

Polepeddi, S

2004-12-08

461

Image Processing Software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ABSTRACT: A brief description of astronomical image software is presented. This software was developed in a Digital Micro Vax II Computer System. : St presenta una somera descripci6n del software para procesamiento de imagenes. Este software fue desarrollado en un equipo Digital Micro Vax II. : DATA ANALYSIS - IMAGE PROCESSING

Bosio, M. A.

1990-11-01

462

Agile Software Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many software development firms are now adopting the agile software development method. This method involves the customer at every level of software development, thus reducing the impact of change in the requirement at a later stage. In this article, the principles of the agile method for software development are explored and there is a focus on…

Biju, Soly Mathew

2008-01-01

463

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COMPUTER SCIENCE  

E-print Network

SOFTWARE ENGINEERING COMPUTER SCIENCE ... What's the Difference? goeng1@mcmaster.ca www). Software Engineering covers the course content listed under Computer Science, with some additions. Software). Software Engineering students will graduate with a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng). Computer Science

Bone, Gary

464

Software process: a roadmap  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software process research deals with the methods and technologies used to assess, support, and improve software development activities. The field has grown up during the 80s to address the increasing complexity and criticality of software development activities. This paper aims to briefly present the history and achievements of software process research, some critical evaluation of the results produced so far,

Alfonso Fuggetta

2000-01-01

465

Handleiding software installatie  

E-print Network

Handleiding software installatie Version: 1.0 Windows 7 Date: 18-12-2013 #12;2 Binnen de NUWD omgeving is het mogelijk om specifieke software op uw PC te installeren. Voor andere software kunt u een" is het mogelijk om zelf specifieke software te installeren. In het volgende voorbeeld installeren wij

Galis, Frietson

466

Scan Software 1 Introduction  

E-print Network

Scan Software 1 Introduction Scan is a graphical user interface designed to control a confocal microscope BIORAD MRC- 600. The software can acquire simultaneously two channels, scanning an area of 0. In addition, the software can control the stage position and amplifiers setup. The software runs on the Matlab

Alford, Simon

467

Introduction to Software Engineering  

E-print Network

Exam Conclusions Appendix Links Hits Software Engineering: AERSP 440 http://www.personal Confidence Aerospace Software (2006) IEEE Computer Society SE Portal Software Engineering: AERSP 440 http://www.personal) Software Processes (Chap. 4) Project management (Chap. 5) Facts and Fallacies book by R. L. Glass

468

Reusable software components  

Microsoft Academic Search

This column contains some updates on previous published sources of reusable software components, as well as some discussion of the reuse process currently underway at Motorola. COSMIC: The Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC) is NASA's Software Technology Transfer Center. It is the central repository for software developed under NASA funding. Program source code is made available for commercial

Trudy Levine

1995-01-01

469

Software engineering programmes are not computer science programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programmes in “Software Engineering” have become a source of contention in many universities. Some Computer Science departments, many of which have used that phrase to describe individual courses for decades, claim software engineering as part of their discipline. However, Engineering faculties claim “Software Engineering” as a new speciality in the family of engineering disciplines. This paper discusses the differences between

David Lorge Parnas

1998-01-01

470

An Experience Report on the Personal Software Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individual developers can use quality analysis and management techniques that many consider applicable only to projects and organizations. One of the authors, a software practitioner, explains how the personal software process (PSP) gave him the training he needed. The software industry's demand to achieve predictability and consistency in the face of rapid change is significant. The PSP framework helps an

Jagadish Kamatar; Will Hayes

2000-01-01

471

A digital model individual template and CT-guided 125I seed implants for malignant tumors of the head and neck  

PubMed Central

To enhance the accuracy of radioactive seed implants in the head and neck, a digital model individual template, containing information simultaneously on needle pathway and facial features, was designed to guide implantation with CT imaging. Thirty-one patients with recurrent and local advanced malignant tumors of head and neck after prior surgery and radiotherapy were involved in this study. Before 125I implants, patients received CT scans based on 0.75mm thickness. And the brachytherapy treatment planning system (BTPS) software was used to make the implantation plan based on the CT images. Mimics software and Geomagic software were used to read the data containing CT images and implantation plan, and to design the individual template. Then the individual template containing the information of needle pathway and face features simultaneously was made through rapid prototyping (RP) technique. All patients received 125I seeds interstitial implantation under the guide of the individual template and CT. The individual templates were positioned easily and accurately, and were stable. After implants, treatment quality evaluation was made by CT and TPS. The seeds and dosages distribution (D90,V100,V150) were well meet the treatment requirement. Clinical practice confirms that this approach can facilitate easier and more accurate implantation. PMID:22859564

Huang, Ming-Wei; Liu, Shu-Ming; Zheng, Lei; Shi, Yan; Zhang, Jie; Li, Yan-Sheng; Yu, Guang-Yan; Zhang, Jian-Guo

2012-01-01

472

Software Formal Inspections Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Software Formal Inspections Standard (hereinafter referred to as Standard) is applicable to NASA software. This Standard defines the requirements that shall be fulfilled by the software formal inspections process whenever this process is specified for NASA software. The objective of this Standard is to define the requirements for a process that inspects software products to detect and eliminate defects as early as possible in the software life cycle. The process also provides for the collection and analysis of inspection data to improve the inspection process as well as the quality of the software.

1993-01-01

473

Federal microcomputer software for urban hydrology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, availability, and general use of selected urban hydrology microcomputer software developed by: U.S. Soil Conservation Service (SCS); U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The discussion is limited to software used for design and planning for urban stormwater flows.

Jennings, Marshall E.; Smith, Roger H.; Jennings, Ross B.

1988-01-01

474

Automating the design of scientific computing software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

SINAPSE is a domain-specific software design system that generates code from specifications of equations and algorithm methods. This paper describes the system's design techniques (planning in a space of knowledge-based refinement and optimization rules), user interaction style (user has option to control decision making), and representation of knowledge (rules and objects). It also summarizes how the system knowledge has evolved over time and suggests some issues in building software design systems to facilitate reuse.

Kant, Elaine

1992-01-01

475

A planning language for activity scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission planning and scheduling of spacecraft operations are becoming more complex at NASA. Described here are a mission planning process; a robust, flexible planning language for spacecraft and payload operations; and a software scheduling system that generates schedules based on planning language inputs. The mission planning process often involves many people and organizations. Consequently, a planning language is needed to facilitate communication, to provide a standard interface, and to represent flexible requirements. The software scheduling system interprets the planning language and uses the resource, time duration, constraint, and alternative plan flexibilities to resolve scheduling conflicts.

Zoch, David R.; Lavallee, David; Weinstein, Stuart; Tong, G. Michael

1991-01-01

476

Strengthening Software Authentication with the ROSE Software Suite  

SciTech Connect

Many recent nonproliferation and arms control software projects include a software authentication regime. These include U.S. Government-sponsored projects both in the United States and in the Russian Federation (RF). This trend toward requiring software authentication is only accelerating. Demonstrating assurance that software performs as expected without hidden ''backdoors'' is crucial to a project's success. In this context, ''authentication'' is defined as determining that a software package performs only its intended purpose and performs said purpose correctly and reliably over the planned duration of an agreement. In addition to visual inspections by knowledgeable computer scientists, automated tools are needed to highlight suspicious code constructs, both to aid visual inspection and to guide program development. While many commercial tools are available for portions of the authentication task, they are proprietary and not extensible. An open-source, extensible tool can be customized to the unique needs of each project (projects can have both common and custom rules to detect flaws and security holes). Any such extensible tool has to be based on a complete language compiler. ROSE is precisely such a compiler infrastructure developed within the Department of Energy (DOE) and targeted at the optimization of scientific applications and user-defined libraries within large-scale applications (typically applications of a million lines of code). ROSE is a robust, source-to-source analysis and optimization infrastructure currently addressing large, million-line DOE applications in C and C++ (handling the full C, C99, C++ languages and with current collaborations to support Fortran90). We propose to extend ROSE to address a number of security-specific requirements, and apply it to software authentication for nonproliferation and arms control projects.

White, G

2006-06-15

477

Software component quality evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper describes a software inspection process that can be used to evaluate the quality of software components. Quality criteria, process application, independent testing of the process and proposed associated tool support are covered. Early results indicate that this technique is well suited for assessing software component quality in a standardized fashion. With automated machine assistance to facilitate both the evaluation and selection of software components, such a technique should promote effective reuse of software components.

Clough, A. J.

1991-01-01

478

Decentralized Software Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

We deÞne decentralized software evolution as the ability to evolve software independent of the original software vendor. Decentralized software evolution (DSE) provides a means for third-party software vendors to customize existing applications for particular domains and customers. This capability beneÞts everyone involved: the original application vendor sells more product since customization constitutes use; the third-party developer delivers a product in

Peyman Oreizy; Richard N. Taylor

479

Black Box Software Testing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Black Box Software Testing Collection provides instructional materials (lectures, slides and videos) to teach black box software testing. Black box testing is the craft of testing a program from the external view. Materials in the collection are organized into self-contained sections that focus on foundations of software testing and specific, well-known software testing techniques. Some of the materials are used in professional development courses taught by Florida Institute of Technology and the Association for Software Testing.

2011-05-19

480

Measures and metrics for software development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The evaluations of and recommendations for the use of software development measures based on the practical and analytical experience of the Software Engineering Laboratory are discussed. The basic concepts of measurement and system of classification for measures are described. The principal classes of measures defined are explicit, analytic, and subjective. Some of the major software measurement schemes appearing in the literature are derived. The applications of specific measures in a production environment are explained. These applications include prediction and planning, review and assessment, and evaluation and selection.

1984-01-01

481

Configuration management plan for the Automated Transportation Management System  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in ensuring and controlling the development process of the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The sponsor has identified ATMS and its components as unclassified and non-sensitive. The configuration management procedures are necessary to ensure that any changes made to software and related documentation are consistent with ATMS goals and objectives and contained securely in a central library. The objectives of the Plan are to (1) Establish product baselines that support the change process; (2) Ensure that all system changes support ATMS goals and objectives; (3) Ensure that the potential impacts of system changes are adequately evaluated prior to implementation; (4) Ensure that the latest approved versions of all software are being used in all environments (current production, development and future production); (5) Establish a configuration status reporting standard that informs pertinent individuals of ATMS system status; (6) Ensure that the baselines always remain current with the production software and documentation; (7) Ensure that configuration management is integrated with other management plans designed to meet the overall objectives and goals of ATMS; and (8) Ensure that the configuration library function of maintaining all master copies of documentation and software for each product is supported.

Genoni, S.K. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-04-01

482

Methodology for automating software systems. Task 1 of the foundations for automating software systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The early stages of a research program designed to establish an experimental research platform for software engineering are described. Major emphasis is placed on Computer Assisted Software Engineering (CASE). The Poor Man's CASE Tool is based on the Apple Macintosh system, employing available software including Focal Point II, Hypercard, XRefText, and Macproject. These programs are functional in themselves, but through advanced linking are available for operation from within the tool being developed. The research platform is intended to merge software engineering technology with artificial intelligence (AI). In the first prototype of the PMCT, however, the sections of AI are not included. CASE tools assist the software engineer in planning goals, routes to those goals, and ways to measure progress. The method described allows software to be synthesized instead of being written or built.

Moseley, Warren

1989-01-01

483

Software Defined Radio with Parallelized Software Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software implements software-defined radio procession over multicore, multi-CPU systems in a way that maximizes the use of CPU resources in the system. The software treats each processing step in either a communications or navigation modulator or demodulator system as an independent, threaded block. Each threaded block is defined with a programmable number of input or output buffers; these buffers are implemented using POSIX pipes. In addition, each threaded block is assigned a unique thread upon block installation. A modulator or demodulator system is built by assembly of the threaded blocks into a flow graph, which assembles the processing blocks to accomplish the desired signal processing. This software architecture allows the software to scale effortlessly between single CPU/single-core computers or multi-CPU/multi-core computers without recompilation. NASA spaceflight and ground communications systems currently rely exclusively on ASICs or FPGAs. This software allows low- and medium-bandwidth (100 bps to approx.50 Mbps) software defined radios to be designed and implemented solely in C/C++ software, while lowering development costs and facilitating reuse and extensibility.

Heckler, Greg

2013-01-01

484

Software Defined Radio with Parallelized Software Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software implements software-defined radio procession over multi-core, multi-CPU systems in a way that maximizes the use of CPU resources in the system. The software treats each processing step in either a communications or navigation modulator or demodulator system as an independent, threaded block. Each threaded block is defined with a programmable number of input or output buffers; these buffers are implemented using POSIX pipes. In addition, each threaded block is assigned a unique thread upon block installation. A modulator or demodulator system is built by assembly of the threaded blocks into a flow graph, which assembles the processing blocks to accomplish the desired signal processing. This software architecture allows the software to scale effortlessly between single CPU/single-core computers or multi-CPU/multi-core computers without recompilation. NASA spaceflight and ground communications systems currently rely exclusively on ASICs or FPGAs. This software allows low- and medium-bandwidth (100 bps to .50 Mbps) software defined radios to be designed and implemented solely in C/C++ software, while lowering development costs and facilitating reuse and extensibility.

Heckler, Greg

2013-01-01

485

Educational Software Engineering: Where Software Engineering, Education, and Gaming Meet  

E-print Network

Educational Software Engineering: Where Software Engineering, Education, and Gaming Meet Tao Xie and advocate the subfield of educational software engineering (i.e., software engineering for education), which develops software engineering technologies (e.g., software testing and analysis, software analytics

Xie, Tao