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1

Individual software plan for the programmable logic controller  

SciTech Connect

This document defines the software quality assurance plan (SQAP) as it shall be applied to the development of the monitor and control system for the Integrated Corrosion Facility (ICF). The purpose of this SQA plan is to provide guidance to the development team in software quality and associated documentation.

Green, R

1997-07-28

2

Trimble's GPS Planning Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage from Trimble provides a free download of their GPS planning software. The tool is described as "a powerful stand-alone software tool supporting any form of analysis to determine visibility for GPS, GLONASS, IGSO and geostationary satellites." Features of the software include station location, multi station planning, Sky plots, DOP charts and visible satellites.

2011-09-13

3

Sandia software guidelines: Software quality planning  

SciTech Connect

This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines intended for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. In consonance with the IEEE Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans, this volume identifies procedures to follow in producing a Software Quality Assurance Plan for an organization or a project, and provides an example project SQA plan. 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1987-08-01

4

My Individual Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MyIDP (My Individual Development Plan) is a unique, web-based career-planning tool tailored to meet the needs of PhD students and postdocs in the sciences. MyIDP provides exercises, career paths, goal setting tools, and articles to guide individuals through the individual development plan process.

Cynthia Fuhrmann (UCSF); Jennifer A Hobin (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology); Bill Lindstaedt (UCSF); Philip Clifford (Medical College of Wisconsin)

2012-09-06

5

Software Engineering Improvement Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In performance of this task order, bd Systems personnel provided support to the Flight Software Branch and the Software Working Group through multiple tasks related to software engineering improvement and to activities of the independent Technical Authority (iTA) Discipline Technical Warrant Holder (DTWH) for software engineering. To ensure that the products, comments, and recommendations complied with customer requirements and the statement of work, bd Systems personnel maintained close coordination with the customer. These personnel performed work in areas such as update of agency requirements and directives database, software effort estimation, software problem reports, a web-based process asset library, miscellaneous documentation review, software system requirements, issue tracking software survey, systems engineering NPR, and project-related reviews. This report contains a summary of the work performed and the accomplishments in each of these areas.

2006-01-01

6

Individualized Healthcare Plans for the School Nurse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource sets the standard for school nurses concerning the formulation of individualized healthcare plans designed to fit the unique health needs of students. Eighteen chapters focus on special issues and school nursing concepts. Computer software, which accompanies the manual, assists in the development and creation of individualized

American School Health Association (NJ3), 2005

2005-01-01

7

TWRS systems engineering software configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan delineates the requirements for control of software developed and supported by the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Technical Integration organization. The information contained in this plan shall assist employees involved with software modification and configuration control.

Porter, P.E.

1996-10-09

8

Software Engineering Improvement Activities/Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

bd Systems personnel accomplished the technical responsibilities for this reporting period, as planned. A close working relationship was maintained with personnel of the MSFC Avionics Department Software Group (ED14). Work accomplishments included development, evaluation, and enhancement of a software cost model, performing literature search and evaluation of software tools available for code analysis and requirements analysis, and participating in other relevant software engineering activities. Monthly reports were submitted. This support was provided to the Flight Software Group/ED 1 4 in accomplishing the software engineering improvement engineering activities of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Software Engineering Improvement Plan.

2003-01-01

9

Configuration management plan for the GENII software  

SciTech Connect

The GENII program calculates doses from radionuclides released into the environment for a variety of possible exposure scenarios. The user prepares an input data file with the necessary modelling assumptions and parameters. The program reads the user`s input file, computes the necessary doses and stores these results in an output file. The output file also contains a listing of the user`s input and gives the title lines from the data libraries which are accessed in the course of the calculations. The purpose of this document is to provide users of the GENII software with the configuration controls which are planned for use by WHC in accordance with WHC-CM-3-10. The controls are solely for WHC employees. Non-WHC individuals are not excluded, but no promise is made or implied that they will be informed of errors or revisions to the software. The configuration controls cover the GENII software, the GENII user`s guide, the list of GENII users at WHC, and the backup copies. Revisions to the software must be approved prior to distribution in accordance with this configuration management plan.

Rittmann, P.D.

1994-12-12

10

Individualized Client Planning for Work Adjustment Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist work adjustors, evaluators, and counselors in learning how to write individualized work adjustment plans, this publication describes one method of developing individual client plans--the Materials Development Center Individualized Work Adjustment Plan. The detailed description of this plan explains the two basic parts of its format: (1)…

Esser, Thomas J.

11

Software quality assurance plan for GCS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The software quality assurance (SQA) function for the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project which is part of a software error studies research program is described. The SQA plan outlines all of the procedures, controls, and audits to be carried out by the SQA organization to ensure adherence to the policies, procedures, and standards for the GCS project.

Duncan, Stephen E.; Bailey, Elizabeth K.

1990-01-01

12

HotSpot Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the software configuration management procedures used to ensure that the HotSpot dispersion model meets the requirements of its user base, which includes: (1) Users of the PC version of HotSpot for consequence assessment, hazard assessment and safety analysis calculations; and (2) Users of the NARAC Web and iClient software tools, which allow users to run HotSpot for consequence assessment modeling These users and sponsors of the HotSpot software and the organizations they represent constitute the intended audience for this document. This plan is intended to meet Critical Recommendations 1 and 3 from the Software Evaluation of HotSpot and DOE Safety Software Toolbox Recommendation for inclusion of HotSpot in the Department of Energy (DOE) Safety Software Toolbox. HotSpot software is maintained for the Department of Energy Office of Emergency Operations by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). An overview of HotSpot and NARAC are provided.

Walker, H; Homann, S G

2009-03-12

13

Software for Optimizing Plans Involving Interdependent Goals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program enables construction and optimization of plans for activities that are directed toward achievement of goals that are interdependent. Goal interdependence is defined as the achievement of one or more goals affecting the desirability or priority of achieving one or more other goals. This program is overlaid on the Automated Scheduling and Planning Environment (ASPEN) software system, aspects of which have been described in a number of prior NASA Tech Briefs articles. Unlike other known or related planning programs, this program considers interdependences among goals that can change between problems and provides a language for easily specifying such dependences. Specifications of the interdependences can be formulated dynamically and provided to the associated planning software as part of the goal input. Then an optimization algorithm provided by this program enables the planning software to reason about the interdependences and incorporate them into an overall objective function that it uses to rate the quality of a plan under construction and to direct its optimization search. In tests on a series of problems of planning geological experiments by a team of instrumented robotic vehicles (rovers) on new terrain, this program was found to enhance plan quality.

Estlin, Tara; Gaines, Daniel; Rabideau, Gregg

2005-01-01

14

Automated software engineering planning with SASEA  

SciTech Connect

Planning for effective software engineering is not easy, and software project managers would usually welcome assistance in this area. Very effective assistance could be provided by automated tools that are decision aids. However, a comprehensive suite of such tools does not yet exist. One area that has been addressed is the selection of a programming language. This paper discusses in detail a decision tool that has been developed for language selection. It also addresses the areas in which other such tools are required.

Lawlis, P.K. [C.J. Kemp Systems, Inc., Fairborn, OH (United States); Hoffman, C.L. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.

1998-07-01

15

Software Project Planning Associate (SPPA): A Knowledge-Based Approach for Dynamic Software Project Planning and Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software project planning can be one of the most critical activities in the modern software development process. Without a realistic and objective software project plan, the software development process cannot be managed in an effective way. Over-runs of 100-200% are common. Some software projects never deliver anything. Managers have difficulty understanding and visualizing the software development process defined in a

Ching-seh Wu; Dick B. Simmons

2000-01-01

16

HotSpot Software Test Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Test Plan (STP) describes the procedures used to verify and validate that the HotSpot Health Physics Codes meet the requirements of its user base, which includes: (1) Users of the PC version of HotSpot conducting consequence assessment, hazard assessment and safety analysis calculations; and (2) Users of the NARAC Web and iClient software tools, which allow users to run HotSpot for consequence assessment modeling. This plan is intended to meet Critical Recommendation 2 from the Software Evaluation of HotSpot and DOE Safety Software Toolbox Recommendation for inclusion of HotSpot in the Department of Energy (DOE) Safety Software Toolbox. These users and sponsors of the HotSpot software and the organizations they represent constitute the intended audience for this document. HotSpot software is maintained for the Department of Energy Office of Emergency Operations by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). An overview of HotSpot and NARAC are provided.

Walker, H; Homann, S G

2009-03-12

17

Acceptance Test Plan for ANSYS Software  

SciTech Connect

This plan governs the acceptance testing of the ANSYS software (Full Mechanical Release 5.5) for use on Project Word Management Contract (PHMC) computer systems (either UNIX or Microsoft Windows/NT). There are two phases to the acceptance testing covered by this test plan: program execution in accordance with the guidance provided in installation manuals; and ensuring results of the execution are consistent with the expected physical behavior of the system being modeled.

CREA, B.A.

2000-10-25

18

SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This project is being conducted at the request of the DOE and the NRC. The INL has been requested by the NRC to improve and maintain the Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluation (SAPHIRE) tool set concurrent with the changing needs of the user community as well as staying current with new technologies. Successful completion will be upon NRC approved release of all software and accompanying documentation in a timely fashion. This project will enhance the SAPHIRE tool set for the user community (NRC, Nuclear Power Plant operations, Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA) model developers) by providing improved Common Cause Failure (CCF), External Events, Level 2, and Significance Determination Process (SDP) analysis capabilities. The SAPHIRE development team at the Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for successful completion of this project. The project is under the supervision of Curtis L. Smith, PhD, Technical Lead for the SAPHIRE application. All current capabilities from SAPHIRE version 7 will be maintained in SAPHIRE 8. The following additional capabilities will be incorporated: • Incorporation of SPAR models for the SDP interface. • Improved quality assurance activities for PRA calculations of SAPHIRE Version 8. • Continue the current activities for code maintenance, documentation, and user support for the code.

Curtis L.Smith; Ted S. Wood

2010-03-01

19

Quality and the Reliance on Individuals in Free Software Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested that the superior quality of many Free Software projects in comparison to their proprietary counterparts is in part due to the Free Software commu- nity's extensive source code peer-review process. While many argue that software is best developed by individuals or small teams, the process of debugging is highly paral- lizable. This \\

Martin Michlmayr; Benjamin Mako Hill

20

MCNP{trademark} Software Quality Assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

MCNP is a computer code that models the interaction of radiation with matter. MCNP is developed and maintained by the Transport Methods Group (XTM) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This plan describes the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program applied to the code. The SQA program is consistent with the requirements of IEEE-730.1 and the guiding principles of ISO 900.

Abhold, H.M.; Hendricks, J.S.

1996-04-01

21

Guidelines for Individual Professional Development Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for faculty, administrators, and other classified and professional staff at Labette Community College (LCC), this booklet presents guidelines for establishing individual professional development plans (IPDPs) to foster continued education and development, and for obtaining funding of approved plans. Chapter I provides a rationale for…

Usera, John J.

22

Software Technology for Adaptable, Reliable Systems (STARS) Technical Program Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Software Technology for Adaptable, Reliable Systems, or STARS, is the Defense Department's program to achieve dramatic improvements in software quality and to mitigate runaway software costs. This technical plan unifies and focuses the STARS program by em...

J. S. Greene T. Probert W. Riddle C. Giese T. L. Quindry

1986-01-01

23

Software for Planning Scientific Activities on Mars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mixed-Initiative Activity Plan Generator (MAPGEN) is a ground-based computer program for planning and scheduling the scientific activities of instrumented exploratory robotic vehicles, within the limitations of available resources onboard the vehicle. MAPGEN is a combination of two prior software systems: (1) an activity-planning program, APGEN, developed at NASA s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and (2) the Europa planner/scheduler from NASA Ames Research Center. MAPGEN performs all of the following functions: Automatic generation of plans and schedules for scientific and engineering activities; Testing of hypotheses (or what-if analyses of various scenarios); Editing of plans; Computation and analysis of resources; and Enforcement and maintenance of constraints, including resolution of temporal and resource conflicts among planned activities. MAPGEN can be used in either of two modes: one in which the planner/scheduler is turned off and only the basic APGEN functionality is utilized, or one in which both component programs are used to obtain the full planning, scheduling, and constraint-maintenance functionality.

Ai-Chang, Mitchell; Bresina, John; Jonsson, Ari; Hsu, Jennifer; Kanefsky, Bob; Morris, Paul; Rajan, Kanna; Yglesias, Jeffrey; Charest, Len; Maldague, Pierre

2003-01-01

24

49 CFR 236.18 - Software management control plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Software management control plan. 236.18...All Systems General § 236.18 Software management control plan. (a) Within...each railroad shall develop and adopt a software management control plan for its...

2013-10-01

25

Computer-Based Assessment of Preassigned Individual Education Plans in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment of IEP (Individual Education Plan) is an important stage in the area of special education. This paper deals with this problem by introducing computer software which process the data gathered from application of IEP. The software is intended to be used by special education institution in Turkey and allows assessment of school and family trainings. The software has a

Yasar Guneri Sahin; Mehmet Cudi Okur

2005-01-01

26

Evaluation of OPEN PLAN software: Final report  

SciTech Connect

In fulfilling the objectives of the contract to evaluate the suitability of the OPEN PLAN software system to process existing Environmental Restoration (ER) data, Jacobs Engineering Group (JEG) divided the effort into seven discrete tasks. Overall results of the tasks performed demonstrated that OPEN PLAN could be used in conjunction with the currently used TIMELINE to provide resource leveling and meet all reporting requirements. The OPEN PLAN report generator could automatically produce reports which were equivalent to existing ER cost reports being produced manually or by spreadsheet. User documentation was provided and on-site training was performed. The result of the cost and schedule tracking support was the creation of new spreadsheet based reports using TIMELINE and LOTUS 1-2-3. Some additional modifications may need to be made to incorporate installation specific needs as well as any changes in reporting requirements.

Not Available

1991-03-05

27

FY95 software project management plan: TMACS, CASS computer systems  

SciTech Connect

The FY95 Work Plan for TMACS and CASS Software Projects describes the activities planned for the current fiscal year. This plan replaces WHC-SD-WM-SDP-008. The TMACS project schedule is included in the TWRS Integrated Schedule.

Spurling, D.G.

1994-11-11

28

SAPHIRE 8 Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The INL software developers use version control for both the formally released SAPHIRE versions, as well as for source code. For each formal release of the software, the developers perform an acceptance test: the software must pass a suite of automated tests prior to official release. Each official release of SAPHIRE is assigned a unique version identifier. The release is bundled into a standard installation package for easy and consistent set-up by individual users. Included in the release is a list of bug fixes and new features for the current release, as well as a history of those items for past releases. Each formal release of SAPHIRE will have passed an acceptance test. In addition to assignment of a unique version identifier for an official software release, each source code file is kept in a controlled library. Source code is a collection of all the computer instructions written by developers to create the finished product. The library is kept on a server, where back-ups are regularly made. This document describes the configuration management approach used as part of the SAPHIRE development.

Curtis Smith

2010-01-01

29

Planning of electroporation-based treatments using Web-based treatment-planning software.  

PubMed

Electroporation-based treatment combining high-voltage electric pulses and poorly permanent cytotoxic drugs, i.e., electrochemotherapy (ECT), is currently used for treating superficial tumor nodules by following standard operating procedures. Besides ECT, another electroporation-based treatment, nonthermal irreversible electroporation (N-TIRE), is also efficient at ablating deep-seated tumors. To perform ECT or N-TIRE of deep-seated tumors, following standard operating procedures is not sufficient and patient-specific treatment planning is required for successful treatment. Treatment planning is required because of the use of individual long-needle electrodes and the diverse shape, size and location of deep-seated tumors. Many institutions that already perform ECT of superficial metastases could benefit from treatment-planning software that would enable the preparation of patient-specific treatment plans. To this end, we have developed a Web-based treatment-planning software for planning electroporation-based treatments that does not require prior engineering knowledge from the user (e.g., the clinician). The software includes algorithms for automatic tissue segmentation and, after segmentation, generation of a 3D model of the tissue. The procedure allows the user to define how the electrodes will be inserted. Finally, electric field distribution is computed, the position of electrodes and the voltage to be applied are optimized using the 3D model and a downloadable treatment plan is made available to the user. PMID:23780414

Pavliha, Denis; Kos, Bor; Mar?an, Marija; Zupani?, Anže; Serša, Gregor; Miklav?i?, Damijan

2013-11-01

30

Software configuration management plan for HANDI 2000 business management system  

SciTech Connect

The Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the configuration management and control environment for HANDI 2000 for the PP and PS software, as well as any custom developed software. This plan establishes requirements and processes for uniform documentation and coordination of HANDI 2000. This SCMP becomes effective as of this document's acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts.

BENNION, S.I.

1999-02-10

31

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system subsystem 143 software development plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This plan describes the activities to be performed and the controls to be applied to the process of specifying, developing, and qualifying the data acquisition software for the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Transportation System Subsystem 143 Instrumentation and Data Acquisition System (IDAS). This plan will serve as a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation (V and V) plan, and a configuration management plan.

King, D. A.

1994-11-01

32

Evaluation of a Software User Coach for Manpower Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research project explored the feasibility of improving user performance on manpower planning tasks by employing a 'user coach.' A user coach is a software aid, often built directly into software applications, that assists the user at critical stages....

J. MacMillian B. Freeman B. C. Tatum G. A. Ropp

1998-01-01

33

Software Configuration Management Plan for the Sodium Removal System  

SciTech Connect

This document establishers the Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) for the software associated with the control system of the Sodium Removal System (SRS) located in the Interim Examination and Maintenance (IEM Cell) Facility of the FFTF Flux Test.

HILL, L.F.

2000-03-06

34

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance (QA) Plan documents the QA activities that will be managed by the INL related to JCN N6423. The NRC developed the SAPHIRE computer code for performing probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) using a personal computer (PC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) under Job Code Number (JCN) L1429. SAPHIRE started out as a feasibility study for a PRA code to be run on a desktop personal PC and evolved through several phases into a state-of-the-art PRA code. The developmental activity of SAPHIRE was the result of two concurrent important events: The tremendous expansion of PC software and hardware capability of the 90s and the onset of a risk-informed regulation era.

Curtis Smith

2010-02-01

35

Decision support software technology demonstration plan  

SciTech Connect

The performance evaluation of innovative and alternative environmental technologies is an integral part of the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) mission. Early efforts focused on evaluating technologies that supported the implementation of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. In 1986 the Agency began to demonstrate and evaluate the cost and performance of remediation and monitoring technologies under the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program (in response to the mandate in the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA)). In 1990, the US Technology Policy was announced. This policy placed a renewed emphasis on making the best use of technology in achieving the national goals of improved quality of life for all Americans, continued economic growth, and national security. In the spirit of the technology policy, the Agency began to direct a portion of its resources toward the promotion, recognition, acceptance, and use of US-developed innovative environmental technologies both domestically and abroad. Decision Support Software (DSS) packages integrate environmental data and simulation models into a framework for making site characterization, monitoring, and cleanup decisions. To limit the scope which will be addressed in this demonstration, three endpoints have been selected for evaluation: Visualization; Sample Optimization; and Cost/Benefit Analysis. Five topics are covered in this report: the objectives of the demonstration; the elements of the demonstration plan; an overview of the Site Characterization and Monitoring Technology Pilot; an overview of the technology verification process; and the purpose of this demonstration plan.

SULLIVAN,T.; ARMSTRONG,A.

1998-09-01

36

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the p...

R. S. Weidert

1996-01-01

37

Guidance and Control Software Project Data - Volume 1: Planning Documents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project was the last in a series of software reliability studies conducted at Langley Research Center between 1977 and 1994. The technical results of the GCS project were recorded after the experiment was completed. Some of the support documentation produced as part of the experiment, however, is serving an unexpected role far beyond its original project context. Some of the software used as part of the GCS project was developed to conform to the RTCA/DO-178B software standard, "Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification," used in the civil aviation industry. That standard requires extensive documentation throughout the software development life cycle, including plans, software requirements, design and source code, verification cases and results, and configuration management and quality control data. The project documentation that includes this information is open for public scrutiny without the legal or safety implications associated with comparable data from an avionics manufacturer. This public availability has afforded an opportunity to use the GCS project documents for DO-178B training. This report provides a brief overview of the GCS project, describes the 4-volume set of documents and the role they are playing in training, and includes the planning documents from the GCS project. Volume 1 contains five appendices: A. Plan for Software Aspects of Certification for the Guidance and Control Software Project; B. Software Development Standards for the Guidance and Control Software Project; C. Software Verification Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; D. Software Configuration Management Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; and E. Software Quality Assurance Activities.

Hayhurst, Kelly J. (Editor)

2008-01-01

38

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client\\/server ATMS software.

Weidert; Westinghouse Hanford

1996-01-01

39

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client/server ATMS software.

Weidert, R.S., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-05-20

40

Software configuration management plan for HANDI 2000 business management system  

SciTech Connect

The Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) describes the configuration management and control environment for HANDI 2000 for the PP and PS software as well as any custom developed software. This plan establishes requirements and processes for uniform documentation control, system change control, systematic evaluation and coordination of HANDI 2000. This SCMP becomes effective as this document is acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts.

Wilson, D.

1998-08-25

41

ICESat (GLAS) Science Processing Software Document Series. Volume 1; Science Software Management Plan; 3.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document provides the Software Management Plan for the GLAS Standard Data Software (SDS) supporting the GLAS instrument of the EOS ICESat Spacecraft. The SDS encompasses the ICESat Science Investigator-led Processing System (I-SIPS) Software and the Instrument Support Terminal (IST) Software. For the I-SIPS Software, the SDS will produce Level 0, Level 1, and Level 2 data products as well as the associated product quality assessments and descriptive information. For the IST Software, the SDS will accommodate the GLAS instrument support areas of engineering status, command, performance assessment, and instrument health status.

Hancock, David W., III

1999-01-01

42

Proposed Department of Defense software metrics implementation plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report presents a proposed plan for DOD implementation of software metrics in support of acquisition reform and improved software risk management. The report documents the concluding phase of a one-year task to assess software metrics and to determine how to improve their use in software acquisition, particularly of weapon system software. An earlier effort surveyed the state of development and use of software metrics in industry and defense organizations. This survey found (1) that industry is strongly committed to using software metrics in a corporate-wide approach to gain marketplace advantages, and (2) that defense contractors exhibit a state of evolution in metrics use that is comparable to that of strictly commercial companies, if not more mature. The overall vision of the proposed plan is to establish a department-wide, bottom-to-top corporate approach for collecting and using software metrics to improve analysis and decision-making in software acquisition and risk management. Acquisition reform and the need for improved risk management should provide more specific goals to address under this vision, comparable to industry's goals of marketplace benefits from using software metrics. The plan is framed as eight specific recommendations, including a list of future research and development work that would support their implementation.

Fife, Dennis W.; Popelas, Judy M.; Springsteen, Beth

1994-09-01

43

Software quality assurance plan for PORFLOW-3D.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This plan describes the steps taken by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Subsurface and Environmental Modeling Unit personnel to implement software quality assurance procedures for the PORFLOW-3D computer code. PORFLOW-3D was used to conduct radio...

S. J. Maheras

1993-01-01

44

Spacecraft Trajectory Analysis and Mission Planning Simulation (STAMPS) Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

STAMPS simulates either three- or six-degree-of-freedom cases for all spacecraft flight phases using translated HAL flight software or generic GN&C models. Single or multiple trajectories can be simulated for use in optimization and dispersion analysis. It includes math models for the vehicle and environment, and currently features a "C" version of shuttle onboard flight software. The STAMPS software is used for mission planning and analysis within ascent/descent, rendezvous, proximity operations, and navigation flight design areas.

Puckett, Nancy; Pettinger, Kris; Hallstrom,John; Brownfield, Dana; Blinn, Eric; Williams, Frank; Wiuff, Kelli; McCarty, Steve; Ramirez, Daniel; Lamotte, Nicole; Vu, Tuan

2014-01-01

45

CT-based surgical planning software improves the accuracy of total hip replacement preoperative planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study is aimed to compare accuracy and the repeatability in planning total hip replacements with the conventional templates on radiographs to that attainable on the same clinical cases when using CT-based planning software. The sizes of the cementless components planned with new computer aided preoperative planning system called Hip-Op and with standard templates were compared to those effectively

M Viceconti; R Lattanzi; B Antonietti; S Paderni; R Olmi; A Sudanese; A Toni

2003-01-01

46

Software quality assurance plan for void fraction instrument  

SciTech Connect

Waste Tank SY-101 has been the focus of extensive characterization work over the past few years. The waste continually generates gases, most notably hydrogen, which are periodically released from the waste. Gas can be trapped in tank waste in three forms: as void gas (bubbles), dissolved gas, or absorbed gas. Void fraction is the volume percentage of a given sample that is comprised of void gas. The void fraction instrument (VFI) acquires the data necessary to calculate void fraction. This document covers the product, Void Fraction Data Acquisition Software. The void fraction software being developed will have the ability to control the void fraction instrument hardware and acquire data necessary to calculate the void fraction in samples. This document provides the software quality assurance plan, verification and validation plan, and configuration management plan for developing the software for the instrumentation that will be used to obtain void fraction data from Tank SY-101

Gimera, M.

1994-10-18

47

42 CFR 456.180 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Plan of Care § 456.180 Individual written plan of care. (a) Before admission to a mental hospital or before authorization for payment, the...

2013-10-01

48

SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

SciTech Connect

SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, “Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines,” February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, “Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes,” March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as “Level 1.” Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

Rae J. Nims; Kent M. Norris

2010-02-01

49

75 FR 45623 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice Establishing Date for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice Establishing Date for Comments...technical conferences regarding models and software related to wholesale electricity markets...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software, 75 FR 27,341...

2010-08-03

50

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan. Plan 2: Mappings for the ASC Software Quality Engineering Practies. Version 2.0.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC ...

C. A. Forsythe E. A. Bocheron H. C. Edwards M. Minana R. Heaphy R. R. Drake

2006-01-01

51

Vienna VLBI Software - Current release and plans for the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna VLBI Software (VieVS) is a geodetic Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) data analysis software which has been developed at the Vienna University of Technology since 2008. This paper gives an overview about its capabilities, including scheduling and simulation of VLBI observations. The latest release, version 2.1 includes a a graphical user interface. A few results and planned future developments are presented as well.

Madzak, M.; Böhm, J.; Böhm, S.; Krásná, H.; Nilsson, T.; Plank, L.; Tierno Ros, C.; Schuh, H.; Soja, B.; Sun, J.; Teke, K.

2013-08-01

52

Individual Program Planning with Developmentally Disabled Persons. Revised Edition. Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The instructor-free, empirically-based training package is designed to teach personnel at all levels to develop and implement individual program plans for severely handicapped, developmentally disabled persons in their own agencies. The package consists of a six-chapter trainee workbook (individual program planning and the interdisciplinary team,…

Parham, Jerry D.; And Others

53

Web Application Software for Ground Operations Planning Database (GOPDb) Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Web application facilitates collaborative development of the ground operations planning document. This will reduce costs and development time for new programs by incorporating the data governance, access control, and revision tracking of the ground operations planning data. Ground Operations Planning requires the creation and maintenance of detailed timelines and documentation. The GOPDb Web application was created using state-of-the-art Web 2.0 technologies, and was deployed as SaaS (Software as a Service), with an emphasis on data governance and security needs. Application access is managed using two-factor authentication, with data write permissions tied to user roles and responsibilities. Multiple instances of the application can be deployed on a Web server to meet the robust needs for multiple, future programs with minimal additional cost. This innovation features high availability and scalability, with no additional software that needs to be bought or installed. For data governance and security (data quality, management, business process management, and risk management for data handling), the software uses NAMS. No local copy/cloning of data is permitted. Data change log/tracking is addressed, as well as collaboration, work flow, and process standardization. The software provides on-line documentation and detailed Web-based help. There are multiple ways that this software can be deployed on a Web server to meet ground operations planning needs for future programs. The software could be used to support commercial crew ground operations planning, as well as commercial payload/satellite ground operations planning. The application source code and database schema are owned by NASA.

Lanham, Clifton; Kallner, Shawn; Gernand, Jeffrey

2013-01-01

54

Software configuration management plan for the Hanford site technical database  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Technical Database (HSTD) is used as the repository/source for the technical requirements baseline and programmatic data input via the Hanford Site and major Hanford Project Systems Engineering (SE) activities. The Hanford Site SE effort has created an integrated technical baseline for the Hanford Site that supports SE processes at the Site and project levels which is captured in the HSTD. The HSTD has been implemented in Ascent Logic Corporation (ALC) Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) package referred to as the Requirements Driven Design (RDD) software. This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) provides a process and means to control and manage software upgrades to the HSTD system.

GRAVES, N.J.

1999-05-10

55

Exploratory Analysis in the Utility of Logistics Planning Software to Logistics Planners at the Division Level.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monographs examines the ability of the currently available logistics planning software, OPLOGPLAN 98 and the LEW 98, to assist the logistics planner in the creation of division level plans. To define the utility of the logistics planning software, th...

K. MacIntyre

2000-01-01

56

Planning and Operating an Individualized Learning Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information useful for the initiation and operation of an individualized learning center (ILC) is provided in this manual which also includes an evaluation of the ILC for the American Indian students of the Cook School in Arizona. The recommendations in t...

1974-01-01

57

Architecture for Payload Planning System (PPS) Software Distribution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The complex and diverse nature of the pay load operations to be performed on the Space Station requires a robust and flexible planning approach, and the proper software tools which tools to support that approach. To date, the planning software for most manned operations in space has been utilized in a centralized planning environment. Centralized planning is characterized by the following: performed by a small team of people, performed at a single location, and performed using single-user planning systems. This approach, while valid for short duration flights, is not conducive to the long duration and highly distributed payload operations environment of the Space Station. The Payload Planning System (PPS) is being designed specifically to support the planning needs of the large number of geographically distributed users of the Space Station. This paper problem provides a general description of the distributed planning architecture that PPS must support and describes the concepts proposed for making PPS available to the Space Station payload user community.

Howell, Eric; Hagopian, Jeff

1995-01-01

58

Status of Individuals' Planning to Prepare for Retirement in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted in Ankara province for the purpose of examining the status of planning in preparation for retirement as an individual and as a family of individuals who show differences in educational level. Individuals who lived in Ankara province, who were 3 years from retirement according to age limit, and who had social security…

Gunay, Gulay; Bener, Ozgun

2008-01-01

59

A simulation framework to support software project (re)planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning and replanning software projects involves selecting activities according to organisational policies, project goals and contexts, deciding how to effect the activities, and dealing with uncertainty in activity outputs. There is at the present time no general model to support project managers with all of these tasks. The contributions of this paper are to propose a set of properties that

Diana Kirk; Stephen G. Macdonell

2009-01-01

60

Software reuse in spacecraft planning and scheduling systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of a software toolkit and development methodology that supports software reuse is described. The toolkit includes source-code-level library modules and stand-alone tools which support such tasks as data reformatting and report generation, simple relational database applications, user interfaces, tactical planning, strategic planning and documentation. The current toolkit is written in C and supports applications that run on IBM-PC's under DOS and UNlX-based workstations under OpenLook and Motif. The toolkit is fully integrated for building scheduling systems that reuse AI knowledge base technology. A typical scheduling scenario and three examples of applications that utilize the reuse toolkit will be briefly described. In addition to the tools themselves, a description of the software evolution and reuse methodology that was used is presented.

Mclean, David; Tuchman, Alan; Broseghini, Todd; Yen, Wen; Page, Brenda; Johnson, Jay; Bogovich, Lynn; Burkhardt, Chris; Mcintyre, James; Klein, Scott

1993-01-01

61

Reducing biases in individual software effort estimations: a combining approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software effort estimation techniques abound, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages, and no one proves to be the single best answer. Combining estimating is an appealing approach. Avoiding the difficult problem of choosing the single \\

Qi Li; Qing Wang; Ye Yang; Mingshu Li

2008-01-01

62

Putting Yourself in Action: Individual Professional Development Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An individual professional development plan (IPDP) is a document early childhood educators create, review regularly, and update as needed to guide their future professional development. The plan includes personal and professional goals guided by professional standards and strategies for meeting them. Educators learn and grow continuously by…

Sugarman, Nancy A.

2011-01-01

63

Individualized Career Plans: A Study of Implementation Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an Individualized Career Plan (ICP) as a practical, written action plan of career development activities designed to direct a student's formal and informal learning experiences toward identifying and achieving a career goal. Discusses a study of the levels of awareness of the ICP among Illinois community college staff. (AYC)

Piland, William E.

1986-01-01

64

Repository-Based Software Engineering Program: Working Program Management Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Repository-Based Software Engineering Program (RBSE) is a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sponsored program dedicated to introducing and supporting common, effective approaches to software engineering practices. The process of conceiving, designing, building, and maintaining software systems by using existing software assets that are stored in a specialized operational reuse library or repository, accessible to system designers, is the foundation of the program. In addition to operating a software repository, RBSE promotes (1) software engineering technology transfer, (2) academic and instructional support of reuse programs, (3) the use of common software engineering standards and practices, (4) software reuse technology research, and (5) interoperability between reuse libraries. This Program Management Plan (PMP) is intended to communicate program goals and objectives, describe major work areas, and define a management report and control process. This process will assist the Program Manager, University of Houston at Clear Lake (UHCL) in tracking work progress and describing major program activities to NASA management. The goal of this PMP is to make managing the RBSE program a relatively easy process that improves the work of all team members. The PMP describes work areas addressed and work efforts being accomplished by the program; however, it is not intended as a complete description of the program. Its focus is on providing management tools and management processes for monitoring, evaluating, and administering the program; and it includes schedules for charting milestones and deliveries of program products. The PMP was developed by soliciting and obtaining guidance from appropriate program participants, analyzing program management guidance, and reviewing related program management documents.

1993-01-01

65

78 FR 31916 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Supplemental Agenda Notice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Supplemental Agenda Notice Take notice...day-ahead market efficiency through improved software. A detailed agenda with the list of...diverse experts from public utilities, the software industry, government, research...

2013-05-28

66

76 FR 28022 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical Conference: Increasing...Ahead Market Efficiency Through Improved Software Take notice that Commission staff will...day-ahead market efficiency through improved software. This conference will bring...

2011-05-13

67

75 FR 30010 - Improving Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and Procedures for...discuss issues related to unit commitment software. The technical conference will be held...Technical Conference on Unit Commitment Software Federal Energy Regulatory...

2010-05-28

68

Space Station Mission Planning Study (MPS) development study. Volume 3: Software development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software development plan is presented for the definition, design, and implementation of the Space Station (SS) Payload Mission Planning System (MPS). This plan is an evolving document and must be updated periodically as the SS design and operations concepts as well as the SS MPS concept evolve. The major segments of this plan are as follows: an overview of the SS MPS and a description of its required capabilities including the computer programs identified as configurable items with an explanation of the place and function of each within the system; an overview of the project plan and a detailed description of each development project activity breaking each into lower level tasks where applicable; identification of the resources required and recommendations for the manner in which they should be utilized including recommended schedules and estimated manpower requirements; and a description of the practices, standards, and techniques recommended for the SS MPS Software (SW) development.

Klus, W. L.

1987-01-01

69

Planning for the V&V of infused software technologies for the Mars Science Laboratory Mission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover mission is planning to make use of advanced software technologies in order to support fulfillment of its ambitious science objectives. The mission plans to adopt the Mission Data System (MDS) as the mission software architecture, and plans to make significant use of on-board autonomous capabilities for the rover software.

Feather, Martin S.; Fesq, Lorraine M.; Ingham, Michel D.; Klein, Suzanne L.; Nelson, Stacy D.

2004-01-01

70

Experience with optimization software for distribution system planning  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a computerized optimization tool used to improve the planning of major investments in the distribution system over the coming years. The system allows the planner to identify, from load forecasts, data on the existing distribution system and all future projects, the projects to be carried out, together with the commissioning year, in such a way that the investment and maintenance costs, as well as the cost of losses are minimized over the planning horizon. The system is based on a dynamic model of network planning solved by a heuristic method comprising five phases. At the present time, the two first phases are implemented and the software is used by Hydro-Quebec planners. Substantial savings on investment, maintenance and loss costs have already been realized.

Blanchard, M.; Delorme, L.; Simard, C. [Inst. de Recherche d`Hydro-Quebec (IREQ), Varennes, Quebec (Canada)] [Inst. de Recherche d`Hydro-Quebec (IREQ), Varennes, Quebec (Canada); Nadeau, Y. [Hydro-Quebec, St. Hyacinthe, Quebec (Canada)] [Hydro-Quebec, St. Hyacinthe, Quebec (Canada)

1996-11-01

71

Effects of an Individual Program Planning System on Interdisciplinary Team Planning with the Developmentally Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Annual program plans for residents written prior to and following the implementation of the IPP (Individual Program Planning) system were rated to determine the extent of changes that resulted. More departments attended meetings, stated objectives, described intervention plans and evaluation procedures for proposed objectives, and reported…

Stephens, Carl; Yu, Dickie

1985-01-01

72

Software verification and validation plan for the GWSCREEN code  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Software Verification and Validation Plan (SVVP) is to prescribe steps necessary to verify and validate the GWSCREEN code, version 2.0 to Quality Level B standards. GWSCREEN output is to be verified and validated by comparison with hand calculations, and by output from other Quality Level B computer codes. Verification and validation will also entail performing static and dynamic tests on the code using several analysis tools. This approach is consistent with guidance in the ANSI/ANS-10.4-1987, {open_quotes}Guidelines for Verification and Validation of Scientific and Engineering Computer Programs for the Nuclear Industry.{close_quotes}

Rood, A.S.

1993-05-01

73

Individual Professional Development Plans: In Search of Learning for Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents information from a study in which researchers examined the implementation of local professional development committees in the state of Ohio. Ohio is one of two states that requires teachers to participate in a peer review of their professional development goals. This study examined the Individual Professional Development Plans

O'Connor, C. Richele; Herrelko, Janet

74

Individual Professional Development Plans: In Search of Learning for Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1998 Ohio teachers have developed their own individual professional development plans (IPDPs), subject to peer review. Examination of 133 teachers' IPDPs indicates that most teachers selected traditional coursework, workshops, and conferences to earn PD credits. As the only activity linked to salary increases, college coursework was chosen…

O'Connor, C. Richele; Herrelko, Janet

2003-01-01

75

A systematic review of empirical software engineering studies that analyze individual changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding, managing and reducing costs and risks inherent in change are key challenges of software maintenance and evolution, addressed in empirical studies with many different research approaches. Change-based studies analyze data that describes the individual changes that are made to software systems. This approach can be effective in order to discover cost and risk factors that are hidden at more

Hans Christian; Bente Anda; Erik Arisholm

2008-01-01

76

Some recent developments in treatment planning software and methodology for BNCT  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years/the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) has led the development of a unique, internationally-recognized set of software modules (BNCT rtpe) for computational dosimetry and treatment planning for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). The computational capability represented by this software is essential to the proper administration of all forms of radiotherapy for cancer. Such software addresses the need to perform pretreatment computation and optimization of the radiation dose distribution in the target volume. This permits the achievement of the optimal therapeutic ratio (tumor dose relative to critical normal tissue dose) for each individual patient via a systematic procedure for specifying the appropriate irradiation parameters to be employed for a given treatment. These parameters include angle of therapy beam incidence, beam aperture and shape,and beam intensity as a function of position across the beam front. The INEL software is used for treatment planning in the current series of human glioma trials at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and has also been licensed for research and developmental purposes to several other BNCT research centers in the US and in Europe.

Nigg, D.W.; Wheeler, F.J.; Wessol, D.E.; Wemple, C.A. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Babcock, R. [Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States); Capala, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1996-12-31

77

Some recent developments in treatment planning software and methodology for BNCT  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) has led the development of a unique, internationally-recognized set of software modules (BNCT-rtpe) for computational dosimetry and treatment planning for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). The computational capability represented by this software is essential to the proper administration of all forms of radiotherapy for cancer. Such software addresses the need to perform pretreatment computation and optimization of the radiation dose distribution in the target volume. This permits the achievement of the optimal therapeutic ratio (tumor dose relative to critical normal tissue dose) for each individual patient via a systematic procedure for specifying the appropriate irradiation parameters to be employed for a given treatment. These parameters include angle of therapy beam incidence, beam aperture and shape, and beam intensity as a function of position across the beam front. The INEL software is used for treatment planning in the current series of human glioma trials at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and has also been licensed for research and developmental purposes to several other BNCT research centers in the US and in Europe.

Nigg, D.W.; Wheeler, F.J.; Wessol, D.E. [and others

1996-12-31

78

Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software structure: a simulation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identification of genetically homogeneous groups of individuals is a long standing issue in population genetics. A recent Bayesian algorithm implemented in the software STRUCTURE allows the identification of such groups. However, the ability of this algorithm to detect the true number of clusters ( K ) in a sample of individuals when patterns of dispersal among populations are not

G. EVANNO; S. REGNAUT; J. GOUDET

2005-01-01

79

Acceptance of virtual dental implant planning software in an undergraduate curriculum: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background Advances in healthcare such as virtual dental implant planning have the capacity to result in greater accuracy, speed, and efficiencies leading to improvement in patient care. It has been suggested that the acceptance of new technology is influenced by a variety of factors including individual differences, social and situational influences, user beliefs, and user attitudes. Despite the large volume of work in this area, only limited research has been conducted in the field of dental education. Therefore, the present study aimed at assessing the acceptance of virtual dental implant planning software by undergraduate students. Methods Forty-three third-year dental students of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, were included in the study. They filled in a questionnaire based on a combination of the technology acceptance model and the theory of planned behavior (C-TAM-TPB). Cronbach’s ?, Pearson product moment correlation coefficients, and squared multiple correlations (R2) were calculated. Results Cronbach’s ? exceeded .7 for all constructs. Pearson correlations were significant for the pairs perceived usefulness/behavioral intention, perceived usefulness/attitude, and attitude/behavioral intention. Perceived ease of use explained .09% of the variance of perceived usefulness (R2 = .09). Perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness accounted for 31% of the variance of attitude (R2 = .31). Perceived usefulness, attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control explain 37% of the variance of behavioral intention (R2 = .37). Conclusions Virtual dental implant planning software seems to be accepted by dental students especially because of its usefulness and the students’ attitude towards this technology. On the other hand, perceived ease of use does not play a major role. As a consequence, the implementation of virtual dental implant planning software in a dental undergraduate curriculum should be supported by highlighting the usefulness by the supervisors, who should also strengthen the attitude of the students towards this technology.

2012-01-01

80

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan Part 1: ASC Software Quality Engineering Practices Version 1.0. (January 2005).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC ...

C. A. Forsythe E. A. Boucheron H. C. Edwards M. A. Ellis R. R. Drake

2005-01-01

81

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan. Part 1: ASC Software Quality Engineering Practices, Version 2.0.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC ...

A. L. Hodges C. A. Forsythe E. A. Boucheron H. C. Edwards R. Heaphy R. R. Drake

2006-01-01

82

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

SciTech Connect

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-20

83

Prototype Software for a Federal Planning Model for Analysis of Accessibility to Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the prototype software resulting from an initial research effort in the development of a comprehensive national planning model for higher education. The software for the prototype model requires as input existing or derivable institutional and student data and is designed to permit prototype planning studies to examine the…

Weldon, Kent; Huckfeldt, Vaughn

84

SDS (Strategic Defense System) software measurement plan. Technical report, 5 December 1988-14 July 1989  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a plan for the introduction of software measurement into the SDS development program. This plan was developed based on an evaluation of SDS Software measurement requirements, and an assessment on software measurement processes and availability of measurement support tools. The plan focuses on both near-term and longer-term tasks necessary to initiate and maintain a viable software measurement program for the SDS. Near-term tasks are oriented toward review, assimilation, and refinement of a proposed SDS Software Measurement approach, and use of existing software-metrics tools. Longer-term tasks target modeling of software development life cycles and definition of additional metrics development, validation, and automated implementation.

Not Available

1989-07-14

85

ICESat (GLAS) Science Processing Software Document Series. Volume 2; Science Data Management Plan; 4.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document provides the Data Management Plan for the GLAS Standard Data Software (SDS) supporting the GLAS instrument of the EOS ICESat Spacecraft. The SDS encompasses the ICESat Science Investigator-led Processing System (I-SIPS) Software and the Instrument Support Facility (ISF) Software. This Plan addresses the identification, authority, and description of the interface nodes associated with the GLAS Standard Data Products and the GLAS Ancillary Data.

Jester, Peggy L.; Hancock, David W., III

1999-01-01

86

RMP*Submit{trademark}: Risk Management Plans Submit software  

SciTech Connect

RMP*Submit is the official EPA personal computer software for RCRA facilities to use in submitting Risk Management Plans (RMP) required under the Risk Management Program. Portions of RMPs submitted to EPA will be publicly available on the Internet via RMP*Info. The information is intended to stimulate the dialogue between industry, state and local officials, and the public to improve accident prevention and emergency response practices. RMP*Submit has all the data elements identified in the RMP regulations; helps avoid common reporting errors by verifying all required data elements have been completed using the same completeness check that will be used at the RMP Reporting Center; allows errors to be corrected before submission of the RMP; and provides on-line help. RMP*Submit is based on the requirements of PART 68, Chemical Accident Prevention Provisions, of the Code of Federal Regulations, and the RMP amendments proposed on April 17, 1998 which were published in the Federal Register on January 6, 1999.

NONE

1999-03-01

87

Software copyright infringements: an exploratory study of the effects of individual and peer beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the reasoned action and the differential association theories, a model is derived to explore the effects of individual and peer beliefs on software copyright infringements in Saudi Arabia. This study presents empirical evidence about this developing country on the impact of beliefs on behavior regarding ethical issues that can arise as a result of ethical dilemmas, in a

Ibrahim M. Al-Jabri; Abdulla H. Abdul-Gader

1997-01-01

88

Software Master Plan. Volume 2. Background (Annexes A-G).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: ANNEX A Current DoD Software Management Roles; ANNEX B Existing Policies, Standards, and Guidance Regarding Software and Systems; ANNEX C Current Software Research and Development Efforts; ANNEX D Cross-Cutting Issues; ANNEX E Review of Past Stu...

1990-01-01

89

A comprehensive literature review of haplotyping software and methods for use with unrelated individuals  

PubMed Central

Interest in the assignment and frequency analysis of haplotypes in samples of unrelated individuals has increased immeasurably as a result of the emphasis placed on haplotype analyses by, for example, the International HapMap Project and related initiatives. Although there are many available computer programs for haplotype analysis applicable to samples of unrelated individuals, many of these programs have limitations and/or very specific uses. In this paper, the key features of available haplotype analysis software for use with unrelated individuals, as well as pooled DNA samples from unrelated individuals, are summarised. Programs for haplotype analysis were identified through keyword searches on PUBMED and various internet search engines, a review of citations from retrieved papers and personal communications, up to June 2004. Priority was given to functioning computer programs, rather than theoretical models and methods. The available software was considered in light of a number of factors: the algorithm(s) used, algorithm accuracy, assumptions, the accommodation of genotyping error, implementation of hypothesis testing, handling of missing data, software characteristics and web-based implementations. Review papers comparing specific methods and programs are also summarised. Forty-six haplotyping programs were identified and reviewed. The programs were divided into two groups: those designed for individual genotype data (a total of 43 programs) and those designed for use with pooled DNA samples (a total of three programs). The accuracy of programs using various criteria are assessed and the programs are categorised and discussed in light of: algorithm and method, accuracy, assumptions, genotyping error, hypothesis testing, missing data, software characteristics and web implementation. Many available programs have limitations (eg some cannot accommodate missing data) and/or are designed with specific tasks in mind (eg estimating haplotype frequencies rather than assigning most likely haplotypes to individuals). It is concluded that the selection of an appropriate haplotyping program for analysis purposes should be guided by what is known about the accuracy of estimation, as well as by the limitations and assumptions built into a program.

2005-01-01

90

Project W-211, initial tank retrieval systems, retrieval control system software configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) provides the instructions for change control of the W-211 Project, Retrieval Control System (RCS) software after initial approval/release but prior to the transfer of custody to the waste tank operations contractor. This plan applies to the W-211 system software developed by the project, consisting of the computer human-machine interface (HMI) and programmable logic controller (PLC) software source and executable code, for production use by the waste tank operations contractor. The plan encompasses that portion of the W-211 RCS software represented on project-specific AUTOCAD drawings that are released as part of the C1 definitive design package (these drawings are identified on the drawing list associated with each C-1 package), and the associated software code. Implementation of the plan is required for formal acceptance testing and production release. The software configuration management plan does not apply to reports and data generated by the software except where specifically identified. Control of information produced by the software once it has been transferred for operation is the responsibility of the receiving organization.

RIECK, C.A.

1999-02-23

91

Software management and implementation plan for the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) carried on a NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) satellite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents a Software Management and Implementation Plan (SIMP) for managing and controlling the development of the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) instrument software, and the Instrument Ground Support Equipment (IGSE) software.

Shaw, H. Y.; Girard, M. A.; Perun, V. S.; Sherif, J. S.

2003-01-01

92

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan. Part 2, Mappings for the ASC software quality engineering practices. Version 1.0.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) Software Quality Plan is to clearly identify the practices that are the basis for continually improving the quality of ASC software products. The plan defines the ASC program software quality practices and provides mappings of these practices to Sandia Corporate Requirements CPR 1.3.2 and 1.3.6 and to a Department of Energy document, 'ASCI Software Quality Engineering: Goals, Principles, and Guidelines'. This document also identifies ASC management and software project teams responsibilities in implementing the software quality practices and in assessing progress towards achieving their software quality goals.

Ellis, Molly A.; Heaphy, Robert; Sturtevant, Judith E.; Hodges, Ann Louise; Boucheron, Edward A.; Drake, Richard Roy; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schofield, Joseph Richard, Jr.; Pavlakos, Constantine James; Williamson, Charles Michael; Edwards, Harold Carter

2005-01-01

93

Numerical arc segmentation algorithm for a radio conference - A software tool for communication satellite systems planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A detailed description of a Numerical Arc Segmentation Algorithm for a Radio Conference (NASARC) software package for communication satellite systems planning is presented. This software provides a method of generating predetermined arc segments for use in the development of an allotment planning procedure to be carried out at the 1988 World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC - 88) on the use of the GEO and the planning of space services utilizing GEO. The features of the NASARC software package are described, and detailed information is given about the function of each of the four NASARC program modules. The results of a sample world scenario are presented and discussed.

Whyte, W. A.; Heyward, A. O.; Ponchak, D. S.; Spence, R. L.; Zuzek, J. E.

1988-01-01

94

[Hardware and software for X-ray therapy planning].  

PubMed

Hardware, circuitry, and software suggested in this work make it possible to use the SLS-9 X-ray simulator for classical and computer tomographic imaging. The suggested hardware and software can be used as a basis for designing special-purpose tomographic systems. PMID:18030771

Zhizniakov, A L; Semenov, S I; Sushkova, L T; Troitskii, D P; Chirkov, K V

2007-01-01

95

Individualization of Piperacillin Dosing for Critically Ill Patients: Dosing Software To Optimize Antimicrobial Therapy  

PubMed Central

Piperacillin-tazobactam is frequently used for empirical and targeted therapy of infections in critically ill patients. Considerable pharmacokinetic (PK) variability is observed in critically ill patients. By estimating an individual's PK, dosage optimization Bayesian estimation techniques can be used to calculate the appropriate piperacillin regimen to achieve desired drug exposure targets. The aim of this study was to establish a population PK model for piperacillin in critically ill patients and then analyze the performance of the model in the dose optimization software program BestDose. Linear, with estimated creatinine clearance and weight as covariates, Michaelis-Menten (MM) and parallel linear/MM structural models were fitted to the data from 146 critically ill patients with nosocomial infection. Piperacillin concentrations measured in the first dosing interval, from each of 8 additional individuals, combined with the population model were embedded into the dose optimization software. The impact of the number of observations was assessed. Precision was assessed by (i) the predicted piperacillin dosage and by (ii) linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations from the second 24 h of treatment. We found that a linear clearance model with creatinine clearance and weight as covariates for drug clearance and volume of distribution, respectively, best described the observed data. When there were at least two observed piperacillin concentrations, the dose optimization software predicted a mean piperacillin dosage of 4.02 g in the 8 patients administered piperacillin doses of 4.00 g. Linear regression of the observed-versus-predicted piperacillin concentrations for 8 individuals after 24 h of piperacillin dosing demonstrated an r2 of >0.89. In conclusion, for most critically ill patients, individualized piperacillin regimens delivering a target serum piperacillin concentration is achievable. Further validation of the dosage optimization software in a clinical trial is required.

Felton, T. W.; Roberts, J. A.; Lodise, T. P.; Van Guilder, M.; Boselli, E.; Neely, M. N.

2014-01-01

96

Software for Project-Based Learning of Robot Motion Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motion planning is a core problem in robotics concerned with finding feasible paths for a given robot. Motion planning algorithms perform a search in the high-dimensional continuous space of robot configurations and exemplify many of the core algorithmic concepts of search algorithms and associated data structures. Motion planning algorithms can…

Moll, Mark; Bordeaux, Janice; Kavraki, Lydia E.

2013-01-01

97

Software Architecture for Hard Real-Time Execution of Automatically Synthesized Plans or Control Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The design of a flexible, real-time software architecture for trajectory planning and automatic control of redundant manipulators is described. Emphasis is placed on a technique of designing control systems that are both flexible and robust yet have good ...

M. Schoppers

1994-01-01

98

Software Configuration Management Plan for the B-Plant Canyon Ventilation Control System  

SciTech Connect

Project W-059 installed a new B Plant Canyon Ventilation System. Monitoring and control of the system is implemented by the Canyon Ventilation Control System (CVCS). This Software Configuration Management Plan provides instructions for change control of the CVCS.

MCDANIEL, K.S.

1999-08-31

99

From Vaporware to Software: The Relational Avionics Planning Tool for Operational Requirements (RAPTOR).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the 1997 Joint Avionics Weapons Systems conference (JAWS 97) the author presented a paper entitled 'Do You Dare Reuse Software Without Extensive Testing.' That paper defined the Air Force's new technology planning activity, the Air Force Modernization ...

R. Szymanski

1998-01-01

100

Survey of ANL organization plans for word processors, personal computers, workstations, and associated software. Revision 4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD) has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software (ANL/TM, Revision 4) to provide DOE and Argonne with a record of recent g...

K. R. Fenske V. S. Rockwell

1992-01-01

101

Z-Plant material information tracking system (ZMITS) software development and integration project management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document plans for software and interface development governing the implementation of ZMITS and other supporting systems necessary to manage information for material stabilization needs of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC).

IBSEN, T.G.

1999-09-07

102

Development of Advanced Multi-Modality Radiation Treatment Planning Software for Neutron Radiotheraphy and Beyond.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) has long been active in development of advanced Monte-Carlo based computational dosimetry and treatment planning methods and software for advanced radiotherapy, with a particular focus on...

D. Nigg D. Wessol C. Wemple G. Harkin C. Hartmann-Siantar

2002-01-01

103

Incorporating cost-benefit analyses into software assurance planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective is to use cost-benefit analyses to identify, for a given project, optimal sets of software assurance activities. Towards this end we have incorporated cost-benefit calculations into a risk management framework.

Feather, M. S.; Sigal, B.; Cornford, S. L.; Hutchinson, P.

2001-01-01

104

Pragmatic diabetes management in nursing homes: individual care plan.  

PubMed

Although the management of diabetes as a simple entity has been extensively developed, there is a dearth of evidence in elderly, frail patients with multiple comorbidities and polymedication. This population represents a large proportion of the residents of nursing homes (NHs). As a multidisciplinary group of French experts (geriatricians, endocrinologists, diabetologists, and general practitioners) with practical experience in this area, which is growing in magnitude throughout the world, we convened to compile pragmatic, simple advice on the management of elderly, frail diabetic patients. Given demands on NH personnel (manager, medical coordinator, nurses, and, at the front line of care provision, the undertrained and overworked carers), coupled with the quasiconstant of high staff turnover, the foundation stone of a patient's diabetes management is an Individual Care Plan (ICP) expressed in layman's language. This document that is opened on the patient's admission aims to make sure that the prescriptions established at admission are followed, notably to ensure correct treatment and adapted, regular monitoring with dates and times when examinations and tests are due. This includes monitoring of the diabetes control (HbA1c and, if necessary, blood and urine glucose) and its complications (cardiovascular disease, hypoglycemia, ocular problems, foot disorders, malnutrition, peripheral neuropathy, kidney failure). A necessary corollary is the training of staff to understand the specificities of caring for a frail patient with diabetes, on what to do in a potential emergency, and how to keep the ICP up to date for consultation by doctors and nurses. PMID:24113629

Benetos, Athanase; Novella, Jean-Luc; Guerci, Bruno; Blickle, Jean-Frederic; Boivin, Jean-Marc; Cuny, Pierre; Delemer, Brigitte; Gabreau, Thierry; Jan, Philippe; Louis, Jacques; Passadori, Yves; Petit, Jean-Michel; Weryha, Georges

2013-11-01

105

Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) program computer software configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the system configuration management activities performed in support of the Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) system, in accordance with Site procedures based on Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Standard 828-1990, Standard for Software Configuration Management Plans (IEEE 1990) and IEEE Standard 1042-1987, Guide to Software Configuration Management (IEEE 1987).

NONE

1997-03-26

106

42 CFR 456.80 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ii) Treatments; (iii) Restorative and rehabilitative services; (iv) Activities; (v) Social services; (vi) Diet; (4) Plans for continuing care, as appropriate; and (5) Plans for discharge, as appropriate. (c) Orders...

2013-10-01

107

42 CFR 456.380 - Individual written plan of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...iii) Restorative and rehabilitative services; (iv) Activities; (v) Therapies; (vi) Social services; (vii) Diet; and (viii) Special procedures designed to meet the objectives of the plan of care; (5) Plans for continuing...

2013-10-01

108

Splash: A Software Tool for Stereotactic Planning of Recording Chamber Placement and Electrode Trajectories  

PubMed Central

While computer-aided planning of human neurosurgeries is becoming more and more common, animal researchers still largely rely on paper atlases for planning their approach before implanting recording chambers to perform invasive recordings of neural activity, which makes this planning process tedious and error-prone. Here we present SPLASh (Stereotactic PLAnning Software), an interactive software tool for the stereotactic planning of recording chamber placement and electrode trajectories. SPLASh has been developed for monkey cortical recordings and relies on a combination of structural MRIs and electronic brain atlases. Since SPLASh is based on the neuroanatomy software Caret, it should also be possible to use it for other parts of the brain or other species for which Caret atlases are available. The tool allows the user to interactively evaluate different possible placements of recording chambers and to simulate electrode trajectories.

Sperka, Daniel J.; Ditterich, Jochen

2011-01-01

109

Hyperspectral Soil Mapper (HYSOMA) software interface: Review and future plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the upcoming launch of the next generation of hyperspectral satellites that will routinely deliver high spectral resolution images for the entire globe (e.g. EnMAP, HISUI, HyspIRI, HypXIM, PRISMA), an increasing demand for the availability/accessibility of hyperspectral soil products is coming from the geoscience community. Indeed, many robust methods for the prediction of soil properties based on imaging spectroscopy already exist and have been successfully used for a wide range of soil mapping airborne applications. Nevertheless, these methods require expert know-how and fine-tuning, which makes them used sparingly. More developments are needed toward easy-to-access soil toolboxes as a major step toward the operational use of hyperspectral soil products for Earth's surface processes monitoring and modelling, to allow non-experienced users to obtain new information based on non-expensive software packages where repeatability of the results is an important prerequisite. In this frame, based on the EU-FP7 EUFAR (European Facility for Airborne Research) project and EnMAP satellite science program, higher performing soil algorithms were developed at the GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences as demonstrators for end-to-end processing chains with harmonized quality measures. The algorithms were built-in into the HYSOMA (Hyperspectral SOil MApper) software interface, providing an experimental platform for soil mapping applications of hyperspectral imagery that gives the choice of multiple algorithms for each soil parameter. The software interface focuses on fully automatic generation of semi-quantitative soil maps such as soil moisture, soil organic matter, iron oxide, clay content, and carbonate content. Additionally, a field calibration option calculates fully quantitative soil maps provided ground truth soil data are available. Implemented soil algorithms have been tested and validated using extensive in-situ ground truth data sets. The source of the HYSOMA code was developed as standalone IDL software to allow easy implementation in the hyperspectral and non-hyperspectral communities. Indeed, within the hyperspectral community, IDL language is very widely used, and for non-expert users that do not have an ENVI license, such software can be executed as a binary version using the free IDL virtual machine under various operating systems. Based on the growing interest of users in the software interface, the experimental software was adapted for public release version in 2012, and since then ~80 users of hyperspectral soil products downloaded the soil algorithms at www.gfz-potsdam.de/hysoma. The software interface was distributed for free as IDL plug-ins under the IDL-virtual machine. Up-to-now distribution of HYSOMA was based on a close source license model, for non-commercial and educational purposes. Currently, the HYSOMA is being under further development in the context of the EnMAP satellite mission, for extension and implementation in the EnMAP Box as EnSoMAP (EnMAP SOil MAPper). The EnMAP Box is a freely available, platform-independent software distributed under an open source license. In the presentation we will focus on an update of the HYSOMA software interface status and upcoming implementation in the EnMAP Box. Scientific software validation, associated publication record and users responses as well as software management and transition to open source will be discussed.

Chabrillat, Sabine; Guillaso, Stephane; Eisele, Andreas; Rogass, Christian

2014-05-01

110

The Nature and Use of Individualized Learning Plans as a Promising Career Intervention Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individualized learning plans (ILPs) are being implemented in high schools throughout the United States as strategic planning tools that help students align course plans with career aspirations and often include the development of postsecondary plans. Initial indications are that ILPs may be an important method for helping students achieve both…

Solberg, V. Scott; Phelps, L. Allen; Haakenson, Kristin A.; Durham, Julie F.; Timmons, Joe

2012-01-01

111

Children with Special Health Needs in School: Developing an Individualized Educational Program (IEP) and an Individualized Health Care Plan (IHCP).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers ways to help children with special health needs by utilizing the Individualized Education Program (IEP) and the Individualized Health Care Plan (IHCP). Results of a study which found a lack of necessary health information in school documents is summarized. The school nurse is seen as a pivotal person in the identification and…

Janz, Jan; And Others

112

Agent-based simulation for software project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates of task duration and resource requirements in software engineering are notoriously inaccurate, and as a result effective project management often must be very dynamic. In response to new information or revised esti- mates, it may be necessary to reassign resources, cancel optional tasks, etc. Project management tools that make projections while treating decisions about tasks and resource assignments as

David Joslin; William Poole

2005-01-01

113

Agent-based simulation for software project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates of task duration and resource requirements in software engineering are notoriously inaccurate, and as a result effective project management often must be very dynamic. In response to new information or revised estimates, it may be necessary to reassign resources, cancel optional tasks, etc. Project management tools that make projections while treating decisions about tasks and resource assignments as static

David Joslin; William Poole

2005-01-01

114

Enterprise Resource Planning Software in the Human Resource Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relatively recent development of comprehensive human resource information systems (HRIS) software has led to a large demand for technologically literate human resource (HR) professionals. For the college student who is about to begin the search for that first postcollege job, the need to develop technology literacy is even more necessary. To…

Bedell, Michael D.; Floyd, Barry D.; Nicols, Kay McGlashan; Ellis, Rebecca

2007-01-01

115

Hazus risk assessment software has integrated into federal geospatial planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hazus-MH is FEMA's powerful regional loss estimation methodology and software application that enables users to quantify losses from earthquakes, hurricanes, and floods. In Hazus, current scientific and engineering knowledge is coupled with the latest GIS technology to produce estimates of potential loss of life and property (i.e. critical facilities, economic loss, and displaced households). Hazus has evolved from a \\

Eric Berman

2011-01-01

116

Use of general purpose mechanical computer assisted engineering software in orthopaedic surgical planning: advantages and limitations.  

PubMed

Two surgical plans were developed for an appropriately complex reconstructive orthopaedic surgery case. One plan was developed with customary methods using two-dimensional (2D) radiographs. The second plan was developed with general purpose mechanical computer assisted engineering (MCAE) software using x-ray computed tomography (CT) data. The limitations of each method are identified. To create a surgical plan using three-dimensional (3D) medical datasets and MCAE software, five necessary steps were identified: (a) data reduction; (b) contour extraction; (c) 3D model creation; (d) extraction of mass properties; (e) model idealization. The principal limitation of general purpose MCAE software is the lack of pre-processing modules with which to address the unique requirements of medical image datasets. PMID:7850738

Sutherland, C J; Bresina, S J; Gayou, D E

1994-01-01

117

Development of a Software Tool to Automate ADCO Flight Controller Console Planning Tasks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This independent study project covers the development of the International Space Station (ISS) Attitude Determination and Control Officer (ADCO) Planning Exchange APEX Tool. The primary goal of the tool is to streamline existing manual and time-intensive planning tools into a more automated, user-friendly application that interfaces with existing products and allows the ADCO to produce accurate products and timelines more effectively. This paper will survey the current ISS attitude planning process and its associated requirements, goals, documentation and software tools and how a software tool could simplify and automate many of the planning actions which occur at the ADCO console. The project will be covered from inception through the initial prototype delivery in November 2011 and will include development of design requirements and software as well as design verification and testing.

Anderson, Mark G.

2011-01-01

118

Individualized Transition Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of effective transition planning for students with learning disabilities may result in inadequate postsecondary adjustment problems (i.e., under- or unemployment). To ensure more positive outcomes, transition planning must begin in the elementary grades, be built on theory-based assessment, and focus on academic and counseling activities…

Cummings, Rhoda; Maddux, Cleborne D.; Casey, Jack

2000-01-01

119

Mission planning for Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIR-C) with a real-time interactive planning software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Imaging Radar-C (SIR-C) mission will operate from the payload bay of the space shuttle for 8 days, gathering Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data over specific sites on the Earth. The short duration of the mission and the requirement for realtime planning offer challenges in mission planning and in the design of the Planning and Analysis Subsystem (PAS). The PAS generates shuttle ephemerides and mission planning data and provides an interactive real-time tool for quick mission replanning. It offers a multi-user and multiprocessing environment, and it is able to keep multiple versions of the mission timeline data while maintaining data integrity and security. Its flexible design allows one software to provide different menu options based on the user's operational function, and makes it easy to tailor the software for other Earth orbiting missions.

Potts, Su K.

1993-01-01

120

Internal radionuclide therapy: The ULMDOS software for treatment planning  

SciTech Connect

Before therapy with unsealed radionuclides, a dosimetry assessment must be performed for each patient. We present the interactive software tool ULMDOS, which facilitates dosimetric calculations, enhances traceability, and adequate documentation. ULMDOS is developed in IDL 6.1 (Interactive Data Language) under Windows XP/2000. First the patient data, the radiotracer data, and optionally urine and serum data are entered. After loading planar gamma camera images and drawing regions of interest, the residence times can be calculated using fits of the time activity data to exponential functions. Data can be saved in ASCII format for retrospective examination and further processing. ULMDOS allows one to process the dosimetric calculations within a standardized environment, spares the time-consuming transfer of data between different software tools, enables the documentation of ROI and raw data, and reduces intraindividual variability. ULMDOS satisfies the required conditions for traceability and documentation as a prerequisite to routine use in clinical settings.

Glatting, Gerhard; Landmann, Michael; Kull, Thomas; Wunderlich, Arthur; Blumstein, Norbert M.; Buck, Andreas K.; Reske, Sven N. [Abteilung Nuklearmedizin, Universitaet Ulm, D-89070 Ulm (Germany); Abteilung Roentgendiagnostik, Universitaet Ulm, D-89070 Ulm (Germany); Abteilung Nuklearmedizin, Universitaet Ulm, D-89070 Ulm (Germany)

2005-07-15

121

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables;...

K. Norris

2010-01-01

122

Plan for the Development of the Generic Framework and Associated Computer Software for a Consolidated Compartment Fire Model Computer Code.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A plan is presented for the development of computer software to support the generic framework of a Consolidated Compartment Fire Model (CCFM) computer code. The several software modules which will make up particular application versions of the CCFM are id...

G. P. Forney L. Y. Cooper

1987-01-01

123

Individualized Program Planning (IPP): ECS to Grade 12. Programming for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource is a revision of the teaching resource Individualized Program Plans (1995), Book 3 (ED392232) in the Programming for Students with Special Needs series. It aims to create a bridge between the product, the process and the underlying vision of Individualized Program Planning (IPP). The Standards for Special Education (Amended June…

Online Submission, 2006

2006-01-01

124

Computer software configuration management plan for 200 East/West Liquid Effluent Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This computer software management configuration plan covers the control of the software for the monitor and control system that operates the Effluent Treatment Facility and its associated truck load in station and some key aspects of the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility that stores condensate to be processed. Also controlled is the Treated Effluent Disposal System`s pumping stations and monitors waste generator flows in this system as well as the Phase Two Effluent Collection System.

Graf, F.A. Jr.

1995-02-27

125

Technical Documentation and Verification for the Buildings Module in the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) is an easy-to-use visual and graphic statistically-based software tool being developed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to help determine the appropriate number and location of environmental samples so that environmental decisions can be made with the required confidence. The VSP software, which is available free at http:\\/\\/dqo.pnl.gov\\/vsp, is a significant aid in developing probability-based

Richard O. Gilbert; John E. Wilson; Brent A. Pulsipher; Nancy L. Hassig; Lisa L. Nuffer

2005-01-01

126

An allotment planning concept and related computer software for planning the fixed satellite service at the 1988 space WARC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The authors describe a two-phase approach to allotment planning suitable for use in planning the fixed satellite service at the 1988 Space World Administrative radio Conference (ORB-88). The two phases are (1) the identification of predetermined geostationary arc segments common to groups of administrations and (2) the use of a synthesis program to identify example scenarios of space station placements. The planning approach is described in detail and is related to the objectives of the conference. Computer software has been developed to implement the concepts, and the logic and rationale for identifying predetermined arc segments is discussed. Example scenarios are evaluated to give guidance in the selection of the technical characteristics of space communications systems to be planned. The allotment planning concept described guarantees equitable access to the geostationary orbit, provides flexibility in implementation, and reduces the need for coordination among administrations.

Miller, Edward F.; Heyward, Ann O.; Ponchak, Denise S.; Spence, Rodney L.; Whyte, Wayne A., Jr.

1987-01-01

127

34 CFR 303.114 - Individualized family service plan (IFSP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility for a Grant and Requirements...plan (IFSP). Each system must ensure, for each infant or toddler with a disability and his or her family in the State,...

2013-07-01

128

Quality and Individualization in Wraparound Team Planning. Data Trends #121  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Data Trends" reports present summaries of research on mental health services for children and adolescents and their families. The article summarized in this "Data Trends" discusses the results of a study designed to examine team composition, team planning, and team members' satisfaction in 26 different wraparound teams serving children with…

Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health, 2005

2005-01-01

129

Software Tools to Support Research on Airport Departure Planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simple, portable and useful collection of software tools has been developed for the analysis of airport surface traffic. The tools are based on a flexible and robust traffic-flow model, and include calibration, validation and simulation functionality for this model. Several different interfaces have been developed to help promote usage of these tools, including a portable Matlab(TM) implementation of the basic algorithms; a web-based interface which provides online access to automated analyses of airport traffic based on a database of real-world operations data which covers over 250 U.S. airports over a 5-year period; and an interactive simulation-based tool currently in use as part of a college-level educational module. More advanced applications for airport departure traffic include taxi-time prediction and evaluation of "windowing" congestion control.

Carr, Francis; Evans, Antony; Feron, Eric; Clarke, John-Paul

2003-01-01

130

A software architecture for hard real-time execution of automatically synthesized plans or control laws  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of a flexible, real-time software architecture for trajectory planning and automatic control of redundant manipulators is described. Emphasis is placed on a technique of designing control systems that are both flexible and robust yet have good real-time performance. The solution presented involves an artificial intelligence algorithm that dynamically reprograms the real-time control system while planning system behavior.

Schoppers, Marcel

1994-01-01

131

Individualized Educational Program: Monitoring Anaysis Plan. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the individualized education program (IEP) process by investigating and observing instructional settings, interviewing IEP service providers, and reviewing handicapped students' records. Ninety students were randomly selected for examination of their IEPs. Data were collected, recorded, and analyzed by using record review,…

Welton, Johnny W.; And Others

132

Archery: A Planning Guide for Group and Individual Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual for group or individual instruction in archery includes line drawings as illustrations. The manual advances from facilities to beginning instruction and general instructional practices (safety tips, instructional aids, archery etiquette) to intermediate instruction (discussions of causes of faulty arrow flight, analysis of…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

133

Individualizing Course Content in Undergraduate Education: A Contract Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contracting for the content of an undergraduate course as one means of individualizing instruction is discussed in this report. It proved to be a successful method for students with wide varieties of background and educational aims in a number of educatio...

M. A. Christenberry

1976-01-01

134

Leemoo, a Dietary Assessment and Nutritional Planning Software, Using Fuzzy Logic  

PubMed Central

Background: Leemoo is a user-friendly software designed for nutritional planning and dietary assessment applications by cooperation of Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, which uses fuzzy logic for the first time. It provides a range of recommended servings for food groups, which are easier for people to follow. Objectives: The aim of this research was to describe the applications of this newly introduced software. Methods and Materials: Leemoo contains the following databases: food, nutrients, MyPyramid equivalents and physical activity. These databases facilitate diet analysis and planning. The food composition database includes 2920 Iranian food items, with the nutrient composition for up to 64 nutrients. Results: All databases are flexible for updating. The program can calculate the amounts of nutrients and food group intakes and compare these with Dietary Reference Intakes and MyPyramid recommendations. This software has the ability of nutritional planning and estimates normal intake ranges of seven food groups based on person need. Conclusions: This software was envisaged for use by health professionals, researchers and ordinary people and can be recommended for educational purpose and nutrition research in Iran. Future studies must be conducted to evaluate the effects of this software on users’ dietary habits and nutrition knowledge.

Ejtahed, Hanieh-Sadat; Sarsharzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi; Mirmiran, Parvin; Asghari, Golaleh; Yuzbashian, Emad; Azizi, Fereidoun

2013-01-01

135

An allotment planning concept and related computer software for planning the fixed satellite service at the 1988 space WARC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Described is a two-phase approach to allotment planning suitable for use in establishing the fixed satellite service at the 1988 Space World Administrative Radio Conference (ORB-88). The two phases are (1) the identification of predetermined geostationary arc segments common togroups of administrations, and (2) the use of a synthesis program to identify example scenarios of space station placements. The planning approach is described in detail and is related to the objectives of the confernece. Computer software has been developed to implement the concepts, and a complete discussion on the logic and rationale for identifying predetermined arc segments is given. Example scenarios are evaluated to give guidance in the selection of the technical characteristics of space communications systems to be planned. The allotment planning concept described guarantees in practice equitable access to the geostationary orbit, provides flexibility in implementation, and reduces the need for coordination among administrations.

Miller, Edward F.; Heyward, Ann O.; Ponchak, Denise S.; Spence, Rodney L.; Whyte, Wayne A., Jr.; Zuzek, John E.

1987-01-01

136

A Conceptual Software System for Water Allocation, Planning and Catchment Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water resources management is increasingly dealing with competing demands for fixed or diminishing available supplies. In this , the allocation and accounting of water consumption between competing users, including environmental uses, plays a critical role. Various software tools have been developed to cover aspects of water resources planning and allocation, operation, and catchment management. In line with the requirements of

R. M. Argent; P. J. A. Gijsbers; G. M. Podger

137

Evaluation of GeoBEST Contingency Beddown Planning Software Using the Technology Acceptance Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

GeoBEST is a software program designed to simplify the contingency beddown planning process through application of geographic information technology. The purpose of this thesis was to thoroughly evaluate GeoBEST using prospective GeoBEST users in a realis...

S. J. Jensen

2002-01-01

138

The Impact of Project Planning Team Experience on Software Project Cost Estimates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from 135 teams that have participated in a software project planning exercise are analyzed to determine the relationship between team experience and each teams estimate of total project cost. The analysis shows that cost estimates are dependent upon two kinds of team experience: (1) the average experience for the members of each team and (2) whether or not any

James Mcdonald

2005-01-01

139

Software Verification and Validation Plan Activities, 2011, Project Number: N6423, SAPHIRE Version 8  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SV&V Plan experienced changes over the past year to bring it into the operational software life cycle of SAPHIRE 8 and to maintain its sections on design features. Peer review of the SVVP with the former IV&V members identified the need for the operational use of metrics as a tool for quality maintenance and improvement. New tests were added

Kurt G. Vedros; Curtis L. Smith

2011-01-01

140

Using Supportive Planning Software To Help Teachers Integrate Technology into Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the evaluation of a school technology planner, an integrated electronic performance support system for developing technology use plans (TUP). Discusses reasons teachers chose not to use the software (lack of collegial, administrative, and technological support; lack of time and mixing of district and school perspectives); ranks program…

Lawler, Cara; Rossett, Allison; Hoffman, Robert

1998-01-01

141

Java RMI Software Technology for the Payload Planning System of the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Payload Planning System is for experiment planning on the International Space Station. The planning process has a number of different aspects which need to be stored in a database which is then used to generate reports on the planning process in a variety of formats. This process is currently structured as a 3-tier client/server software architecture comprised of a Java applet at the front end, a Java server in the middle, and an Oracle database in the third tier. This system presently uses CGI, the Common Gateway Interface, to communicate between the user-interface and server tiers and Active Data Objects (ADO) to communicate between the server and database tiers. This project investigated other methods and tools for performing the communications between the three tiers of the current system so that both the system performance and software development time could be improved. We specifically found that for the hardware and software platforms that PPS is required to run on, the best solution is to use Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI) for communication between the client and server and SQLJ (Structured Query Language for Java) for server interaction with the database. Prototype implementations showed that RMI combined with SQLJ significantly improved performance and also greatly facilitated construction of the communication software.

Bryant, Barrett R.

1999-01-01

142

Software Applications to Educational Planning and Management. A Collection of Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The five papers in this collection examine the existing trends in the use of microcomputers in educational planning and management. In the first paper, "Reflexions sur l'Ordre du Jour" (French), Michel Saint-Germain addresses contextual factors surrounding the use of computers, priorities that must be accounted for before developing new software

Saint-Germain, M.; And Others

143

Computer software configuration management plan for the Honeywell modular automation system  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a Computer Software management plan for a new Honeywell Modular Automation System (MAS) being installed in the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). This type of system will be used to control new thermal stabilization furnaces, a vertical denitrator calciner, and a pyrolysis furnace.

Cunningham, L.T.

1997-01-20

144

Overview of Hazard Assessment and Emergency Planning Software of Use to RN First Responders  

SciTech Connect

There are numerous software tools available for field deployment, reach-back, training and planning use in the event of a radiological or nuclear (RN) terrorist event. Specialized software tools used by CBRNe responders can increase information available and the speed and accuracy of the response, thereby ensuring that radiation doses to responders, receivers, and the general public are kept as low as reasonably achievable. Software designed to provide health care providers with assistance in selecting appropriate countermeasures or therapeutic interventions in a timely fashion can improve the potential for positive patient outcome. This paper reviews various software applications of relevance to radiological and nuclear (RN) events that are currently in use by first responders, emergency planners, medical receivers, and criminal investigators.

Waller, E; Millage, K; Blakely, W F; Ross, J A; Mercier, J R; Sandgren, D J; Levine, I H; Dickerson, W E; Nemhauser, J B; Nasstrom, J S; Sugiyama, G; Homann, S; Buddemeier, B R; Curling, C A; Disraelly, D S

2008-08-26

145

Disposal of tank farm long-length contaminated equipment: LLCE characterization software functional criteria and management plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan outlines the functional criteria requirements and the management plan required to develop computer software to calculate the radionuclide and chemical content of the LLCE waste packages. The software will use the calculated radionuclide and chemical content to prepare waste characterization support data in support of LLCE waste characterization and shipment.

Roach, H.L., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-05-15

146

Individual Transition Plans: The Teacher's Curriculum Guide for Helping Youth with Special Needs. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a guide to the development of Individual Transition Plans (ITPs) for students with disabilities. It includes 37 sample ITPs for students with a wide variety of disabilities. The first four chapters describe the formatting necessary for designing the transition planning document and then describe each of the 10 goals, which range from…

Wehman, Paul

147

Career Planning: Towards a More Inclusive Model for Women and Diverse Individuals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1953 introduction of Super's model of career development, many publications regarding career development and career planning have been developed. However, career planning models for women and diverse individuals are not prevalent. This paper contains a literature review of various well-known models that have few specific applications for…

Banks, Claretha H.

2006-01-01

148

A Study of Individualized Family Service Planning in California: Benefits and Costs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated costs associated with implementation of Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSP) for infants and young children with disabilities at four California sites. Specifically the study examined: (1) IFSP and existing service planning process costs in time and dollars; (2) the impact of IFSP processes on agencies and families; and…

Montgomery, Deborah L.; And Others

1993-01-01

149

Lessons Learned from Research on Individual Educational Plans in Sweden: Obstacles, Opportunities and Future Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1995, all Swedish compulsory schools have had a legal obligation to establish individual educational plans (IEPs) for pupils with special educational needs. However, previous research shows that there are a number of issues associated with how these plans are used in schools' overall work and identifies a discrepancy between educational…

Andreasson, Ingela; Asp-Onsjö, Lisa; Isaksson, Joakim

2013-01-01

150

Facilitating Individual Student Planning with English Learners: An Exploration of Placement Complexities and Counselor Educational Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is limited literature connecting the field of school counseling and pre-service counseling education programs to the individual student planning process with English learners in high school. This study employed multiple case studies to explore the issues that arise during school counselors' planning sessions with recently arrived English…

Lachance, Joan Rolston

2010-01-01

151

Designing Intervention Plans: Bridging the Gap between Individualized Education Programs and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a seven-step process for designing written intervention plans that help teachers and families bridge the gap between the goals targeted on the IEP (individualized education program) as well as intervention strategies and data collection in the general education classroom. The seven steps to intervention planning are to: (1)…

Jung, Lee Ann; Gomez, Caroline; Baird, Samera M.; Keramidas, Cathy L. Galyon

2008-01-01

152

Fitting nonlinear regression models with correlated errors to individual pharmacodynamic data using SAS software.  

PubMed

Nonlinear regression is widely used in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling by applying nonlinear ordinary least squares. Although the assumption of independent errors is frequently not fulfilled, this has received scant attention in the pharmacokinetic literature. As in linear regression, leaving correlation of errors out of account leads to an underestimation of the standard deviations of parameter estimates. On the other hand, the use of models that accommodate correlated errors requires more care and more computation. This paper describes a method to fit log-normal functions to individual response curves containing correlated errors by means of statistical software for time series. A sample computer program is given in which the SAS/ETS procedure MODEL is used. In particular, the problem of finding appropriate starting values for nonlinear iterative algorithms is considered. A linear weighted least squares approach for initial parameter estimation is developed. The adequacy of the method is investigated by means of Monte Carlo simulations. Furthermore, the statistical properties of nonlinear least squares with and without accommodating correlated errors are compared. Time action profiles of a long-acting insulin preparation injected subcutaneously in humans are analyzed to illustrate the usefulness of the method proposed. PMID:8576846

Bender, R; Heinemann, L

1995-02-01

153

Individualized Program Plans. Programming for Students with Special Needs, Book 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is the third in a series (developed in response to a needs assessment survey of special educators in Alberta, Canada) providing practical suggestions about instructional strategies, classroom management, preparing individual program plans, and understanding special needs. This volume presents a process for development of Individualized

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Special Educational Services Branch.

154

The use of computer software for planning care in a resource-scarce setting.  

PubMed

Even in the best resourced units, certain situations (e.g. resuscitations) can benefit from anticipation and preplanning. A resource-scarce environment can indirectly lead to poor planning and organization. Here we share our experience of using computer software (Microsoft Office Excel) to improve the planning of patient care. This technology is now widely available and we suggest that it is feasible and, indeed, particularly valuable in a resource-poor setting. We focus on the steps taken to minimize the chances of errors rooted in the program. PMID:20223798

Green, David Anthony; Reeves, Ben

2010-07-01

155

Visualization support for risk-informed decision making when planning and managing software developments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Key decisions are made in the early stages of planning and management of software developments. The information basis for these decisions is often a mix of analogy with past developments, and the best judgments of domain experts. Visualization of this information can support to such decision making by clarifying the status of the information and yielding insights into the ramifications of that information vis-a-vis decision alternatives.

Feather, Martin S.; Kiper, James D.; Menzies, Tim

2005-01-01

156

Design and implementation of a compliant robot with force feedback and strategy planning software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Force-feedback robotics techniques are being developed for automated precision assembly and servicing of NASA space flight equipment. Design and implementation of a prototype robot which provides compliance and monitors forces is in progress. Computer software to specify assembly steps and makes force feedback adjustments during assembly are coded and tested for three generically different precision mating problems. A model program demonstrates that a suitably autonomous robot can plan its own strategy.

Premack, T.; Strempek, F. M.; Solis, L. A.; Brodd, S. S.; Cutler, E. P.; Purves, L. R.

1984-01-01

157

Software Configuration Management Plan for the K West Basin Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) Project A.9  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a configuration control plan for the software associated with the operation and control of the Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS). It establishes requirements for ensuring configuration item identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, defect reporting and resolution of computer software. It is written to comply with HNF-SD-SNF-CM-001, Spent Nuclear Fuel Configuration Management Plan (Forehand 1998) and HNF-PRO-309 Computer Software Quality Assurance Requirements, and applicable sections of administrative procedure CM-6-037-00, SNF Project Process Automation Software and Equipment.

GREEN, J.W.

2000-05-01

158

Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are reviews of two computer software packages for Apple II computers; "Organic Spectroscopy," and "Videodisc Display Program" for use with "The Periodic Table Videodisc." A sample spectrograph from "Organic Spectroscopy" is included. (CW)

Journal of Chemical Education, 1989

1989-01-01

159

A Full-Featured User Friendly CO{sub 2}-EOR and Sequestration Planning Software  

SciTech Connect

A Full-Featured, User Friendly CO{sub 2}-EOR and Sequestration Planning Software This project addressed the development of an integrated software solution that includes a graphical user interface, numerical simulation, visualization tools and optimization processes for reservoir simulation modeling of CO{sub 2}-EOR. The objective was to assist the industry in the development of domestic energy resources by expanding the application of CO{sub 2}-EOR technologies, and ultimately to maximize the CO{sub 2} sequestration capacity of the U.S. The software resulted in a field-ready application for the industry to address the current CO{sub 2}-EOR technologies. The software has been made available to the public without restrictions and with user friendly operating documentation and tutorials. The software (executable only) can be downloaded from NITEC’s website at www.nitecllc.com. This integrated solution enables the design, optimization and operation of CO{sub 2}-EOR processes for small and mid-sized operators, who currently cannot afford the expensive, time intensive solutions that the major oil companies enjoy. Based on one estimate, small oil fields comprise 30% of the of total economic resource potential for the application of CO{sub 2}-EOR processes in the U.S. This corresponds to 21.7 billion barrels of incremental, technically recoverable oil using the current “best practices”, and 31.9 billion barrels using “next-generation” CO{sub 2}-EOR techniques. The project included a Case Study of a prospective CO{sub 2}-EOR candidate field in Wyoming by a small independent, Linc Energy Petroleum Wyoming, Inc. NITEC LLC has an established track record of developing innovative and user friendly software. The Principle Investigator is an experienced manager and engineer with expertise in software development, numerical techniques, and GUI applications. Unique, presently-proprietary NITEC technologies have been integrated into this application to further its ease of use and technical functionality.

Savage, Bill

2013-11-30

160

Planning Your Professional Growth: Creating an Individualized Professional Development Plan for Early Care and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that the quality of children's early experiences depends largely on the knowledge, experience, and skills of the people who work with them, this guide for early childhood practitioners in Vermont is designed to help them prepare and carry out a personally tailored professional development plan. The guide is presented in four…

Vermont Early Childhood Work Group.

161

Evidence-based development of a diagnosis-dependent therapy planning system and its implementation in modern diagnostic software.  

PubMed

The prerequisite for structured individual therapy of craniomandibular dysfunctions is differential diagnostics. Suggestions for the structured recording of findings and their structured evaluation beyond the global diagnosis of "craniomandibular disorders" have been published. Only this structured approach enables computerization of the diagnostic process. The respective software is available for use in practice (CMDcheck for CMD screening, CMDfact for the differential diagnostics). Based on this structured diagnostics, knowledge-based therapy planning is also conceivable. The prerequisite for this would be a model of achieving consensus on the indicated forms of therapy related to the diagnosis. Therefore, a procedure for evidence-based achievement of consensus on suitable forms of therapy in CMD was developed first in multicentric cooperation, and then implemented in corresponding software. The clinical knowledge of experienced specialists was included consciously for the consensus achievement process. At the same time, anonymized mathematical statistical evaluations were used for control and objectification. Different examiners form different departments of several universities working independently of one another assigned the theoretically conceiveable therapeutic alternatives to the already published diagnostic scheme. After anonymization, the correlation of these assignments was then calculated mathematically. For achieving consensus in those cases for which no agreement initally existed, agreement was subsequently arrived at in the course of a consensus conference on the basis of literature evaluations and the discussion of clinical case examples. This consensus in turn finally served as the basis of a therapy planner implemented in the above-mentioned diagnostic software CMDfact. Contributing to quality assurance, the principles of programming this assistant as well as the interface for linking into the diagnostic software are documented and also published here. PMID:16416934

Ahlers, M O; Jakstat, H A

2005-07-01

162

Software Configuration Management Plan for the K West Basin Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS)-Project A.9.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides a configuration control plan for the software associated with the operation and control of the Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS). It establishes requirements for ensuring configuration item identification, configuration contr...

J. W. Green

2000-01-01

163

AZ-101 Mixer Pump Demonstration Data Acquisition System and Gamma Cart Data Acquisition Control System Software Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) provides the instructions for change control of the AZ1101 Mixer Pump Demonstration Data Acquisition System (DAS) and the Sludge Mobilization Cart (Gamma Cart) Data Acquisition and Control System (DACS).

WHITE, D.A.

1999-12-29

164

Status and future plans for the Vienna VLBI Software VieVS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna VLBI Software (VieVS) is a new VLBI analysis software which has been developed at the Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics of the Vienna University of Technology since 2008. In this software, which is written in Matlab, the most recent IERS Conventions and are implemented, and through a graphical user interface it is easy to use. Lately, two new modules have been added to the official version of VieVS. One is a simulation module (VIE_SIM) which allows to create simulated VLBI observations. The other is a global solution module (VIE_GLOB) which can be used for combining several sessions in a global solution in order to derive e.g. a terrestrial and/or a celestial reference frame. In this presentation an overview of VieVS and its current status will be given and its performance will be demonstrated by showing selected results. We also discuss the planned future developments of VieVS. These include the possibility to use external tropospheric delays obtained, e.g. by ray-tracing through numerical weather models, to use external ionospheric corrections from, e.g. GNSS TEC maps, and to implement a Kalman filter solution. We also plan to cover earlier steps in the VLBI data processing chain, like ambiguity resolution, which have not been considered so far in VieVS.

Nilsson, T.; Böhm, J.; Böhm, S.; Madzak, M.; Nafisi, V.; Plank, L.; Spicakova, H.; Sun, J.; Tierno Ros, C.; Schuh, H.

2011-07-01

165

Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) version 1.1, Phase 1. Federal Emergency Management Information System (FEMIS): System platform  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) for the Federal Emergency Management Information System (FEMIS) project. FEMIS is an automated decision support system that integrates the planning and analysis, operations and response, and recovery phases of emergency management. It has broad application across the full range of emergency planning and operations. The SCMP will describe the configuration management system to be used for the control and maintenance of the software and associated documentation during development, test, and production of the FEMIS project. This plan provides information on the requirements and procedures necessary for the configuration management activities of FEMIS. It identifies the software configuration management requirements and establishes the methodology for generating configuration identifiers, controlling engineering changes, maintaining status accounting, and performing audits and reviews during the design and development of software configuration items. This plan defines the Software Configuration Management (SCM) activities necessary for maintaining all support software items and associated documentation being developed, procured, tested, sustained and kept in the production environment for FEMIS. It will apply to all phases of the software development life cycle, up to and including the time of delivery to the customer.

Strycker, F.E. Jr.

1993-07-19

166

Assessing software upgrades, plan properties and patient geometry using intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) complexity metrics  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the sensitivity of different metrics to detect differences in complexity of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans following upgrades, changes to planning parameters, and patient geometry. Correlations between complexity metrics are also assessed. Method: A program was developed to calculate a series of metrics used to describe the complexity of IMRT fields using monitor units (MUs) and multileaf collimator files: Modulation index (MI), modulation complexity score (MCS), and plan intensity map variation (PIMV). Each metric, including the MUs, was used to assess changes in beam complexity for six prostate patients, following upgrades in the inverse planning optimization software designed to incorporate direct aperture optimization (DAO). All beams were delivered to a 2D ionization chamber array and compared to those calculated using gamma analysis. Each complexity metric was then calculated for all beams, on a different set of six prostate IMRT patients, to assess differences between plans calculated using different minimum field sizes and different maximum segment numbers. Different geometries, including CShape, prostate, and head and neck phantoms, were also assessed using the metrics. Correlations between complexity metrics were calculated for 20 prostate IMRT patients. Results: MU, MCS, MI, and PIMV could all detect reduced complexity following an upgrade to the optimization leaf sequencer, although only MI and MCS could detect a reduction in complexity when one-step optimization (DAO) was employed rather than two-step optimization. All metrics detected a reduction in complexity when the minimum field size was increased from 1 to 4 cm and all apart from PIMV detected reduced complexity when the number of segments was significantly reduced. All metrics apart from MI showed differences in complexity depending on the treatment site. Significant correlations exist between all metrics apart from MI and PIMV for prostate IMRT patients. Treatment deliverability appeared to be more correlated with MI and MCS than MU or PIMV. Conclusions: The application of complexity metrics in the IMRT treatment planning process has been demonstrated. Complexity of treatment plans can vary for different inverse planning software versions and can depend on planning parameters and the treatment site. MCS is most suitable for inclusion within the cost function to limit complexity in IMRT optimization due to its sensitivity to complexity changes and correlation to treatment deliverability.

McGarry, Conor K.; Chinneck, Candice D.; O'Toole, Monica M.; O'Sullivan, Joe M; Prise, Kevin M.; Hounsell, Alan R. [Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Clinical Oncology, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Radiotherapy Physics, Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast BT9 7AB, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) and Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)

2011-04-15

167

Numerical arc segmentation algorithm for a radio conference: A software tool for communication satellite systems planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Numerical Arc Segmentation Algorithm for a Radio Conference (NASARC) provides a method of generating predetermined arc segments for use in the development of an allotment planning procedure to be carried out at the 1988 World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC) on the Use of the Geostationary Satellite Orbit and the Planning of Space Services Utilizing It. Through careful selection of the predetermined arc (PDA) for each administration, flexibility can be increased in terms of choice of system technical characteristics and specific orbit location while reducing the need for coordination among administrations. The NASARC software determines pairwise compatibility between all possible service areas at discrete arc locations. NASARC then exhaustively enumerates groups of administrations whose satellites can be closely located in orbit, and finds the arc segment over which each such compatible group exists. From the set of all possible compatible groupings, groups and their associated arc segments are selected using a heuristic procedure such that a PDA is identified for each administration. Various aspects of the NASARC concept and how the software accomplishes specific features of allotment planning are discussed.

Whyte, W. A.; Heyward, A. O.; Ponchak, D. S.; Spence, R. L.; Zuzek, J. E.

1988-01-01

168

Benefits of Matching Domain Structure for Planning Software: The Right Stuff  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We investigated the role of domain structure in software design. We compared 2 planning applications, for a Mission Control group (International Space Station), and measured users speed and accuracy. Based on our needs analysis, we identified domain structure and used this to develop new prototype software that matched domain structure better than the legacy system. We took a high-fidelity analog of the natural task into the laboratory and found (large) periformance differences, favoring the system that matched domain structure. Our task design enabled us to attribute better periormance to better match of domain structure. We ran through the whole development cycle, in miniature, from needs analysis through design, development, and evaluation. Doing so enabled inferences not just about the particular systems compared, but also provided evidence for the viability of the design process (particularly needs analysis) that we are exploring.

Billman, Dorrit Owen; Arsintescu, Lucica; Feary, Michael S.; Lee, Jessica Chia-Rong; Smith, Asha Halima; Tiwary, Rachna

2011-01-01

169

Waste Management facilities cost information: System Cost Model Software Quality Assurance Plan. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

In May of 1994, Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company (LITCO) in Idaho Falls, Idaho and subcontractors developed the System Cost Model (SCM) application. The SCM estimates life-cycle costs of the entire US Department of Energy (DOE) complex for designing; constructing; operating; and decommissioning treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities for mixed low-level, low-level, transuranic, and mixed transuranic waste. The SCM uses parametric cost functions to estimate life-cycle costs for various treatment, storage, and disposal modules which reflect planned and existing facilities at DOE installations. In addition, SCM can model new facilities based on capacity needs over the program life cycle. The SCM also provides transportation costs for truck and rail, which include transport of contact-handled, remote-handled, and alpha (transuranic) wastes. The user can provide input data (default data is included in the SCM) including the volume and nature of waste to be managed, the time period over which the waste is to be managed, and the configuration of the waste management complex (i.e., where each installation`s generated waste will be treated, stored, and disposed). Then the SCM uses parametric cost equations to estimate the costs of pre-operations (designing), construction costs, operation management, and decommissioning these waste management facilities. For the product to be effective and useful the SCM users must have a high level of confidence in the data generated by the software model. The SCM Software Quality Assurance Plan is part of the overall SCM project management effort to ensure that the SCM is maintained as a quality product and can be relied on to produce viable planning data. This document defines tasks and deliverables to ensure continued product integrity, provide increased confidence in the accuracy of the data generated, and meet the LITCO`s quality standards during the software maintenance phase. 8 refs., 1 tab.

Peterson, B.L.; Lundeen, A.S.

1996-02-01

170

Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) Meetings and Mexican American Parents: Let's Talk About It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the relation between Mexican American parents and the special education system, especially the Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) meetings. Within this narrative account, 10 Mexican American women were interviewed throughout a school year to comprehend how they felt about their experiences during IEP meetings concerning…

Salas, Loretta

2004-01-01

171

Planning Your Child's Individualized Education Program (IEP): Some Suggestions to Consider. Alliance Action Information Sheets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents some suggestions parents should consider when planning their child's Individualized Education Program (IEP). Suggestions are organized according to these sections: (1) Before the IEP team meeting; (2) At the IEP team meeting; and (3) After the IEP team meeting.

Technical Assistance ALLIANCE for Parent Centers, 2006

2006-01-01

172

Vocational Rehabilitation Outcomes: Relationship between Individualized Plan for Employment Goals and Employment Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between attaining a job congruent with the Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE) vocational rehabilitation goal and vocational rehabilitation outcomes. Study participants were 171 vocational rehabilitation clients served by the Maryland State Department of Education Division of Rehabilitation Services (DORS)…

Beveridge, Scott; Fabian, Ellen

2007-01-01

173

Reciprocal Peer Coaching: A Critical Contributor to Implementing Individual Leadership Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Billions of dollars are spent annually on programs to develop organizational leaders, yet the effectiveness of these programs is poorly understood. Scholars advise that value is enhanced by the development of individual leadership plans at program completion, followed by implementation experience with subsequent coaching and reflection. The…

Goldman, Ellen; Wesner, Marilyn; Karnchanomai, Ornpawee

2013-01-01

174

Individualized Supports for Students with Problem Behaviors. Designing Positive Behavior Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practical and comprehensive, this book focuses on the nuts and bolts of designing positive behavior support plans for students with such disabilities as mental retardation, autism, learning disabilities, and emotional/behavioral disorders. Strategies are provided for addressing individual behavioral problems at all levels of severity. Filled with…

Bambara, Linda M.; Kern, Lee

2004-01-01

175

Learning individual group skills for software analysis and design in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software development projects are usually carried out in teams with analysts and designers having to work together towards a common solution. In order to succeed in this environment graduates need to be able to listen to users and to each other, to express their ideas to users and colleagues, to defend their designs, debate design decisions and reach agreement on

Judy Backhouse

2005-01-01

176

Pair programming and the re-appropriation of individual tools for collaborative software development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although pair programming is becoming more prevalent in software development, and a number of reports have been written about it (10) (13), few have addressed the manner in which pairing actually takes place (12). Even fewer consider the methods used to manage issues such as role change or the communication of complex issues. This paper highlights the way resources designed

Sallyann BRYANT; Pablo ROMERO; Benedict DU BOULAY

177

Software automated testing: A solution to maximize the test plan coverage and to increase software reliability and quality in use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software plays an increasingly important role in complex systems, especially for high-tech applications involved in important fields, such as transportation, financial management, communication, biomedical applications and so on. For these systems, performances such as efficient operation, fault tolerance, safety and security have to be guaranteed by the software structure, whose quality in use is assuming a growing importance from the

Marcantonio Catelani; Lorenzo Ciani; Valeria L. Scarano; Alessandro Bacioccola

2011-01-01

178

Communication Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication planning in developing countries is discussed in individual articles on theory, knowledge production and utilization, planning at the regional level, software, and rural development. A nutrition education project and three experiments in developing educational materials with feedback from villagers in Africa are described in the…

Development Communication Report, 1978

1978-01-01

179

Design and evaluation of a software prototype for participatory planning of environmental adaptations.  

PubMed

A software prototype to support the planning process for adapting home and work environments for people with physical disabilities was designed and later evaluated. The prototype exploits low-cost three-dimensional (3-D) graphics products in the home computer market. The essential features of the prototype are: interactive rendering with optional hardware acceleration, interactive walk-throughs, direct manipulation tools for moving objects and measuring distances, and import of 3-D-objects from a library. A usability study was conducted, consisting of two test sessions (three weeks apart) and a final interview. The prototype was then tested and evaluated by representatives of future users: five occupational therapist students, and four persons with physical disability, with no previous experience of the prototype. Emphasis in the usability study was placed on the prototype's efficiency and learnability. We found that it is possible to realise a planning tool for environmental adaptations, both regarding usability and technical efficiency. The usability evaluation confirms our findings from previous case studies, regarding the relevance and positive attitude towards this kind of planning tool. Although the prototype was found to be satisfactorily efficient for the basic tasks, the paper presents several suggestions for improvement of future prototype versions. PMID:10779113

Eriksson, J; Ek, A; Johansson, G

2000-03-01

180

Designing and Implementing a Distributed System Architecture for the Mars Rover Mission Planning Software (Maestro)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Distributed systems allow scientists from around the world to plan missions concurrently, while being updated on the revisions of their colleagues in real time. However, permitting multiple clients to simultaneously modify a single data repository can quickly lead to data corruption or inconsistent states between users. Since our message broker, the Java Message Service, does not ensure that messages will be received in the order they were published, we must implement our own numbering scheme to guarantee that changes to mission plans are performed in the correct sequence. Furthermore, distributed architectures must ensure that as new users connect to the system, they synchronize with the database without missing any messages or falling into an inconsistent state. Robust systems must also guarantee that all clients will remain synchronized with the database even in the case of multiple client failure, which can occur at any time due to lost network connections or a user's own system instability. The final design for the distributed system behind the Mars rover mission planning software fulfills all of these requirements and upon completion will be deployed to MER at the end of 2005 as well as Phoenix (2007) and MSL (2009).

Goldgof, Gregory M.

2005-01-01

181

Comparing Individual Behavior Plans from Schools With and Without Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

School-wide positive behavior support (SWPBS) has been proposed as a proactive and preventive method to reduce problematic\\u000a behavior in schools. Under this approach, educators and administrators seek to create a school environment that fosters prosocial\\u000a behavior and attempts to systematically deter problem behaviors before they happen. To date, the relationship between SWPBS\\u000a and individualized positive behavior support (PBS) plans has

Natasha S. Medley; Steven G. Little; Angeleque Akin-Little

2008-01-01

182

NOTE: Individual radiation therapy patient whole-body phantoms for peripheral dose evaluations: method and specific software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study presents a method aimed at creating radiotherapy (RT) patient-adjustable whole-body phantoms to permit retrospective and prospective peripheral dose evaluations for enhanced patient radioprotection. Our strategy involves virtual whole-body patient models (WBPM) in different RT treatment positions for both genders and for different age groups. It includes a software tool designed to match the anatomy of the phantoms with the anatomy of the actual patients, based on the quality of patient data available. The procedure for adjusting a WBPM to patient morphology includes typical dimensions available in basic auxological tables for the French population. Adjustment is semi-automatic. Because of the complexity of the human anatomy, skilled personnel are required to validate changes made in the phantom anatomy. This research is part of a global project aimed at proposing appropriate methods and software tools capable of reconstituting the anatomy and dose evaluations in the entire body of RT patients in an adapted treatment planning system (TPS). The graphic user interface is that of a TPS adapted to obtain a comfortable working process. Such WBPM have been used to supplement patient therapy planning images, usually restricted to regions involved in treatment. Here we report, as an example, the case of a patient treated for prostate cancer whose therapy planning images were complemented by an anatomy model. Although present results are preliminary and our research is ongoing, they appear encouraging, since such patient-adjusted phantoms are crucial in the optimization of radiation protection of patients and for follow-up studies.

Alziar, I.; Bonniaud, G.; Couanet, D.; Ruaud, J. B.; Vicente, C.; Giordana, G.; Ben-Harrath, O.; Diaz, J. C.; Grandjean, P.; Kafrouni, H.; Chavaudra, J.; Lefkopoulos, D.; de Vathaire, F.; Diallo, I.

2009-09-01

183

Fitting heteroscedastic regression models to individual pharmacokinetic data using standard statistical software  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the analysis of individual pharmacokinetic data by nonlinear regression it is important to allow for possible heterogeneity of variance in the response. Two common methods of doing this are weighted least squares with appropriate weights or data transformation using a suitable transform. With either approach it is appealing to let the data determine the appropriate choice of weighting scheme

David M. Giltinan; David Ruppert

1989-01-01

184

Mission planning, mission analysis and software formulation. Level C requirements for the shuttle mission control center orbital guidance software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The formulation of Level C requirements for guidance software was reported. Requirements for a PEG supervisor which controls all input/output interfaces with other processors and determines which PEG mode is to be utilized were studied in detail. A description of the two guidance modes for which Level C requirements have been formulated was presented. Functions required for proper execution of the guidance software were defined. The requirements for a navigation function that is used in the prediction logic of PEG mode 4 were discussed. It is concluded that this function is extracted from the current navigation FSSR.

Langston, L. J.

1976-01-01

185

Motor interactions with another person: do individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder plan ahead?  

PubMed Central

Interpersonal motor interactions (joint-actions) occur on a daily basis. In joint-action situations, typically developing (TD) individuals consider the end-goal of their partner and adjust their own movements to accommodate the other person. The movement planning processes required for joint-action may, however, be difficult for individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) given documented difficulties in performance on theory of mind (ToM) and motor tasks. The goal of this experiment was to determine if individuals with ASD exhibit end-state comfort behaviors similar to their TD peers in joint-action situations. Participants were asked to either pass, place, or use three common tools: a wooden toy hammer, a stick, or a calculator. These tools were selected because the degree of affordance they offer (i.e., the physical characteristics they posses to prompt proper use) ranges from direct (hammer) to indirect (calculator). Participants were asked to pass the tool to a confederate who intended to place the tool down, or use the tool. Variables of interest included beginning and end-state grip orientations of the participant and confederate (comfortable or uncomfortable) as a function of task goal, and the side to which the tool was placed or passed. Similar to Gonzalez et al. (2011), some individuals with ASD maximized their partner's beginning-state comfort by adopting personally uncomfortable postures. That said, their performance was more variable than their TD peers who consistently passed tools in a manner that facilitated comfortable use by the confederate. Therefore, the movement planning processes used to prepare to pass a tool are not stereotypical across all individuals with ASD. We propose that the novel joint-action task described herein provides the basis for testing an important link between motor performance and more complex social and communication behaviors.

Gonzalez, David A.; Glazebrook, Cheryl M.; Studenka, Breanna E.; Lyons, Jim

2013-01-01

186

A Planning-based Decision-support Tool for Software Project Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: In software engineering, a piece of software is assembled from components or modules and these com- ponents in turn can be recursively made up from smaller sub-components. The management of a software project in- volves tracking the development and maintenance of the in- dividual components. Though tools exist to track component dependencies and historical changes, the key software man-

Biplav Srivastava

2003-01-01

187

Individualized Margins in 3D Conformal Radiotherapy Planning for Lung Cancer: Analysis of Physiological Movements and Their Dosimetric Impacts  

SciTech Connect

In conformal radiotherapy planning for lung cancer, respiratory movements are not taken into account when a single computed tomography (CT) scan is performed. This study examines tumor movements to design individualized margins to account for these movements and evaluates their dosimetric impacts on planning volume. Fifteen patients undergoing CT-based planning for radical radiotherapy for localized lung cancer formed the study cohort. A reference plan was constructed based on reference gross, clinical, and planning target volumes (rGTV, rCTV, and rPTV, respectively). The reference plans were compared with individualized plans using individualized margins obtained by using 5 serial CT scans to generate individualized target volumes (iGTV, iCTV, and iPTV). Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy was used for plan generation using 6- and 23-MV photon beams. Ten plans for each patient were generated and dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were calculated. Comparisons of volumetric and dosimetric parameters were performed using paired Student t-tests. Relative to the rGTV, the total volume occupied by the superimposed GTVs increased progressively with each additional CT scans. With the use of all 5 scans, the average increase in GTV was 52.1%. For the plans with closest dosimetric coverage, target volume was smaller (iPTV/rPTV ratio 0.808) but lung irradiation was only slightly decreased. Reduction in the proportion of lung tissue that received 20 Gy or more outside the PTV (V20) was observed both for 6-MV plans (-0.73%) and 23-MV plans (-0.65%), with p = 0.02 and p = 0.04, respectively. In conformal RT planning for the treatment of lung cancer, the use of serial CT scans to evaluate respiratory motion and to generate individualized margins to account for these motions produced only a limited lung sparing advantage.

Germain, Francois [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Laval University, Quebec (Canada)], E-mail: fgermain@bccancer.bc.ca; Beaulieu, Luc; Fortin, Andre [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Laval University, Quebec (Canada)

2008-04-01

188

Tech notes: Ongoing or planned hydro research, results of recent studies, and reviews of new books, publications, and software  

SciTech Connect

Ongoing or planned hydro research, results of recent studies, and reviews of new books, publications, and software are covered. This month`s Tech Notes include: (1) a study linking development and reservoir silting in El Salvador, (2) publication of a guide for small hydro operatos, and (3) publication of a text outlining the development of hydroelectric power in Russia.

NONE

1993-12-31

189

Tech notes: Ongoing or planned hydro research, results of recent studies, and reviews of new books, publications, and software  

SciTech Connect

Ongoing or planned hydro research, results of recent studies, and reviews of new books, publications, and software. Items covered this month include: (1) a recommendation that dam designers give more consideration to earthquake resistance, (2) the development of a new wave rotor design, (3) the development of a small hydro database in China, and (4) an ICOLD bulletin on the optimization of constuction costs.

NONE

1993-12-31

190

W-026 acceptance test plan plant control system software (submittal {number_sign} 216)  

SciTech Connect

Acceptance Testing of the WRAP 1 Plant Control System software will be conducted throughout the construction of WRAP 1 with final testing on the glovebox software being completed in December 1996. The software tests will be broken out into five sections; one for each of the four Local Control Units and one for the supervisory software modules. The acceptance test report will contain completed copies of the software tests along with the applicable test log and completed Exception Test Reports.

Watson, T.L., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-14

191

Development and use of the computer software package for planning the 12 GHz broadcasting-satellite service at RARC '83  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference (RARC '83) had mainly the objective to draw up a plan of detailed frequency assignments and orbital positions for the 12 GHz broadcasting-satellite service (BSS) in ITU Region 2 (the Western Hemisphere) and associated feeder links (earth-to-space) in the 17 GHz band. It was found that for RARC '83 new planning methods and procedures would be needed. The new requirements made it necessary to develop a new generation of planning software. Attention is given to the development of the computer programs to be used at the conference, the package of computer programs, and the use of the computer programs.

Bowen, R. R.; Brown, K. E.; Hothi, H. S.; Miller, E. F.

1985-01-01

192

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kent Norris

2010-02-01

193

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance Plan. The Software Quality Assurance Plan is intended to ensure all actions necessary for the software life cycle; verification and validation activities; documentation and deliverables; project management; configuration management, nonconformance reporting and corrective action; and quality assessment and improvement have been planned and a systematic pattern of all actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a software product conforms to established technical requirements; and to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Kent Norris

2010-03-01

194

VOC-PLAN: Individual Vocational Education Plan (A Quick, Efficient and Creative Way to Generate Vocational I.E.P.s), Users Manual and Preview Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This User's Manual is intended to accompany VOC-PLAN, a computer (Apple) program designed to assist in the preparation of an Individualized Vocational Education Program (IVEP) for handicapped, disadvantaged, or regular vocational secondary and postsecondary students. The program is presented in standard IEP (Individualized Education Program)…

Robinson, Jim; Seabolt, Pete

195

Development and Initial Validation of a Professional Development Intervention to Enhance the Quality of Individualized Family Service Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe a targeted professional development (PD) intervention designed to improve the quality of individualized family service plans (IFSPs) and to support IFSP planning, development, and decision making. The theoretical and empirical foundations for the PD intervention and its key components are reviewed. Building on an established online…

Ridgley, Robyn; Snyder, Patricia A.; McWilliam, R. A.; Davis, Jacqueline E.

2011-01-01

196

Protecting the Rights of Children with Special Health Care Needs through the Development of Individualized Emergency Response Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses responding to a child with special health care needs with a life-threatening medical emergency, including an equipment malfunction, when it occurs in community settings. Collaborative development of portable individualized emergency response plans is discussed, and illustrative care scenarios, a sample plan, and policy recommendations…

Valluzzi, Janet L.; Brown, Sharan E.; Dailey, Barbara

1997-01-01

197

Assessing the cost-effectiveness of software reuse: A model for planned reuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information systems development is typically acknowledged as an expensive and lengthy process, often producing code that is of uneven quality and difficult to maintain. Software reuse has been advocated as a means of revolutionizing this process. The claimed benefits from software reuse are reduction in development cost and time, improvement in software quality, increase in programmer productivity, and improvement in

Derek L. Nazareth; Marcus A. Rothenberger

2004-01-01

198

78 FR 47014 - Configuration Management Plans for Digital Computer Software Used in Safety Systems of Nuclear...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Software used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants,'' issued for...Software used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants,'' issued for...Revision 1 of RG 1.170, ``Test Documentation for Digital Computer...Software used in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Plants,'' issued...

2013-08-02

199

Seamless transitions from early prototypes to mature operational software - A technology that enables the process for planning and scheduling applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New and innovative software technology is presented that provides a cost effective bridge for smoothly transitioning prototype software, in the field of planning and scheduling, into an operational environment. Specifically, this technology mixes the flexibility and human design efficiency of dynamic data typing with the rigor and run-time efficiencies of static data typing. This new technology provides a very valuable tool for conducting the extensive, up-front system prototyping that leads to specifying the correct system and producing a reliable, efficient version that will be operationally effective and will be accepted by the intended users.

Hornstein, Rhoda S.; Wunderlich, Dana A.; Willoughby, John K.

1992-01-01

200

How to Implement and Maintain an Individual Program Planning System: A Guide to Training and Evaluation. Revised Edition. Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual (part of the training package, "Individual Program Planninq with Developmentally Disabled Persons", IPP) presents suggestions for administering training in individual program planning and for maintaining the IPP system. Discussed are the contents of the IPP training package, descriptions of the six training sessions, policies for the…

Parham, Jerry D.; And Others

201

[Individual plan for school integration of students living with a chronic disease: four years of experience].  

PubMed

We developed the Individual plan for school integration (projet d'accueil individualisé, PAI) to promote quality of life and school and social integration of the increasing number of children living with a chronic disease. The PAI is utilized in every child with a chronic disease having an impact on his schooling, and defines the child's specific health needs, treatments and measures necessary at school. It clarifies the roles and responsibilities of partners involved. The number of PAl increases since its creation in 2004. Its prevalence is 1% for pre-school and primary, 0.6% for low secondary (12-14 years old) and 0.2% for post-mandatory schools. Its utility is acknowledged by families, schools and child's doctors. It reassures parents and teachers and develops a better knowledge of the children with chronic diseases at school. PMID:19947455

Bittar-Fulpius, L; Jodry, H; Jeannot, E; Duperrex, O

2009-10-21

202

20 CFR 669.400 - What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that is authorized as an intensive service?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...Services § 669.400 What are the elements of the Individual Employment Plan that...authorized as an intensive service? The elements of the Individual Employment Plan...

2013-04-01

203

Integration of Palliative Care Principles into the Ongoing Care of Children with Cancer: Individualized Care Planning and Coordination  

PubMed Central

Synopsis The Individualized Care Planning and Coordination Model is designed to integrate palliative care principles and practices into the ongoing care of children with cancer. Application of the model helps clinicians to generate a comprehensive individualized care plan that is implemented through Individualized Care Coordination processes as detailed here. Clinicians’ strong desire to provide compassionate, competent and sensitive care to the seriously ill child and the child’s family can be effectively translated into clinical practice through these processes. “To cure sometimes, to relieve often, to comfort always -- this is our work.” Author Unknown

Baker, Justin N; Hinds, Pamela S; Spunt, Sheri L; Barfield, Raymond C; Allen, Caitlin; Powell, Brent C; Anderson, Lisa H; Kane, Javier R

2008-01-01

204

SGS--Spatial Genetic Software: a computer program for analysis of spatial genetic and phenotypic structures of individuals and populations.  

PubMed

We have developed a program called Spatial Genetic Software (SGS), which provides a user-friendly Windows tool to analyze both local and broad scale genetic and phenotypic structure. It can deal with nearly any type of genetic data, codominant (allozyme, PCR-RFLP, microsatellite) or dominant (RAPD, AFLP) markers, or biparentally (nuclear) or uniparentally (cpDNA and mtDNA) inherited markers. Data based on any of these markers can be analyzed, either as individual genotypes within a single population (local scale) or as allele or haplotype frequencies from different populations (broad scale). We also include a simple approach to analysis of spatial structure for continuous quantitative traits. The program implements various parameters to analyze spatial genetic and phenotypic structure: Moran's index, Geary's index, number of alleles in common, and approaches using genetic distances and F(ST) values. The statistical significance of all measures is verified by the use of a permutation test. The results are assessed by graphics that can be integrated, via the clipboard, to other Windows programs. The details of the computations are given in a table and can be stored as ASCII files. PMID:11773257

Degen, B; Petit, R; Kremer, A

2001-01-01

205

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan is to assess the approach to be taken for intended testing activities. The plan typically identifies the items to be tested, the requirements being tested, the testing to be performed, test schedules, personnel requirements, reporting requirements, evaluation criteria, and any risks requiring contingency planning. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

Kent Norris

2010-03-01

206

Kid Tools: Self-Management, Problem- Solving, Organizational, and Planning Software for Children and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of KidTools, an electronic performance software system designed for elementary and middle school children to use independently on classroom or home computers. The software system contains 30 computerized research-based strategy tools that can be implemented in a classroom or home environment. Through the…

Miller, Kevin J.; Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Koury, Kevin A.; Mitchem, Herine J.; Hollingsead, Candice

2007-01-01

207

Company's Unusual Plan to Package Commercial Software with Business Textbooks Produces a Measure of Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Course Technology Inc. has developed 10 products combining textbooks with commercial software for college accounting, business, computer science, and statistics courses. Five of the products use Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet software. The products have been positively received by teachers and students. (DB)

Watkins, Beverly T.

1992-01-01

208

"It is a good idea, but..." A qualitative study of implementation of 'Individual Plan' in Norwegian mental health care  

PubMed Central

Aim of the study The aim of the study is to explore and describe what hampers and promotes the implementation of ‘Individual Plan’—Norway’s answer to integrated care, and to discuss the findings according to implementation theory and research. Background ‘Individual Plan’ is a master-plan intended to increase user-participation and provide better coordination of measures for patients in need of extensive and long-term health-care services. Norwegian Health Authorities used a dissemination strategy to implement ‘Individual Plan’ but managers within health and social care could choose their own way of implementation in their organisation. Methodology Twenty-two managers from different clinics and organisational levels within mental health care were interviewed with an in-depth semi-structured interview about the implementation process in their organisation. The analysis was primarily made according to systematic text condensation. Findings The findings describe different implementation processes and how the managers identified with the usefulness of ‘Individual Plan’ as a tool, choice of practical implementation strategies, the manager’s own role, characteristics of organisational culture as well as how the manager considered external factors such as administration, lack of time and resources. The evolved implementation themes are discussed within a frame of existing knowledge and theory. Conclusion A complex picture of barriers, dilemmas and benefits emerges, both internal and external to an organisation as well as at a personal level that need to be taken into consideration in forthcoming implementation processes to increase the rate of success.

Holum, Lene Chr

2012-01-01

209

Software Quality Assurance Plan for GoldSim(Trade Name) Models Supporting the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site Performance Assessment Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) applies to the development and maintenance of GoldSim models supporting the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) performance assessments (PAs) and composite analyses (CAs). Two PA models ...

2007-01-01

210

77 FR 19280 - Increasing Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...software industry, government, research centers and academia for the...identifying fruitful avenues for research. This conference is intended...transmission ratings. Significant computational impediments to efficiently...conference, we seek to explore research and technical steps that...

2012-03-30

211

MEDBASE: Strategic Planning and Implementation of an Army Medical Department Software Application.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this research is to provide recommendations for the strategy and implementation of MEDBASE an Army Medical Department (AMEDD) software application. MEDBASE began as an Army physician assistant's pet project used to ease medical readiness re...

F. S. Kim

2003-01-01

212

Cashflow Sensitivity Analysis: Business Planning Software for Lotus Symphony (for Microcomputers).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Businesses now are able to calculate return on investment (ROI) and profitability to evaluate their sensitivity to specific business factors. New software using Lotus Symphony lets businesses and entrepreneurs ask 'what if' questions about the effect of i...

J. Heizer

1985-01-01

213

Saltwell Leak Detector Station Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides the procedures and guidelines necessary for computer software configuration management activities during the operation and maintenance phases of the Saltwell Leak Detector Stations as required by HNF-PRO-309, Rev. 1, Computer Softwa...

M. R. Koch

2000-01-01

214

Establishing a PR Plan for Each School: Guidelines to Plan for Public Relations and Marketing for Individual Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are two plans for elementary and secondary school public relations and marketing. Emphasized are staff, parent, principal and student communication skills as well as activities designed to assess community and parent concerns. (SI)

Journal of Educational Public Relations, 1989

1989-01-01

215

Elder Law and Estate Planning for Gay and Lesbian Individuals and Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This comprehensive article discusses the unique problems in estate planning encountered by gays and lesbians. Among the items explored are joint representation, advance directives, guardianship, long-term care planning and insurance, Medicare and Medicaid planning, nursing home care, exempt transfers, wills, revocable trusts, gift taxation, and the unique problems encountered which counselors must consider when representing gay and lesbian clients.

Ralph Randazzo

2012-01-01

216

29 CFR 2578.1 - Termination of abandoned individual account plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...termination administrator to wind up the affairs of the plan and...are for services necessary to wind up the affairs of the plan and...termination administrator to wind up the plan in accordance with...the term control means the power to exercise a controlling...

2013-07-01

217

Software Program: Software Management Guidebook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this NASA Software Management Guidebook is twofold. First, this document defines the core products and activities required of NASA software projects. It defines life-cycle models and activity-related methods but acknowledges that no single life-cycle model is appropriate for all NASA software projects. It also acknowledges that the appropriate method for accomplishing a required activity depends on characteristics of the software project. Second, this guidebook provides specific guidance to software project managers and team leaders in selecting appropriate life cycles and methods to develop a tailored plan for a software engineering project.

1996-01-01

218

Personal Finance. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records (Secondary Level): Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by experienced migrant education teachers incorporating Sight and Sound Program concepts, this volume presents predrafted individual short-term Plan/Records for personal finance for secondary level students, plus step-by-step directions for their use by Oregon resource teachers, classroom teachers, and aides. This approach assumes that…

Flores, Merced, Comp.

219

Putting words in their mouths: the alignment of identities with system goals through the use of Individual Learning Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the role of Individual Learning Plans (ILPs) in teachers' work in the Skills for Life sector. It shows how ILPs, originally a means of formative assessment, have become part of a system of performance indicators and function as a key mediating mechanism between local interactions and system goals. The article draws on theoretical perspectives from the new

Mary Hamilton

2009-01-01

220

Putting Words in Their Mouths: The Alignment of Identities with System Goals through the Use of Individual Learning Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the role of Individual Learning Plans (ILPs) in teachers' work in the "Skills for Life" sector. It shows how ILPs, originally a means of formative assessment, have become part of a system of performance indicators and function as a key mediating mechanism between local interactions and system goals. The article draws on…

Hamilton, Mary

2009-01-01

221

Individual Plans for Children in Transition to Pre-School: A Case Study in One Finnish Day-Care Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a case study on teachers' and parents' perspectives on children's individual plans in transition from early childhood education to pre-school in Finland. The study was based on the importance of continuity as a part of positive educational transition experiences. The national curricula, educators' interpretations and parents'…

Turunen, Tuija A.

2012-01-01

222

A Rubric and an Individualized Educational Plan to Increase Academic Achievement in Middle School Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special educators struggle to develop legitimate Individualized Educational Plans (IEPs) that describe student needs and lead to academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to determine if using a rubric to create an IEP resulted in an increase in academic achievement. The conceptual framework is drawn from a synthesis of the literature on…

Morta, Antoinette L.

2010-01-01

223

Career Interventions: Practices and Preferences of Southern New England High School Counselors Supporting Students' Individual Learning Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this research was to examine public high school counselors' career interventions practices and preferences in comprehensive school counseling programs. Secondarily, this study investigated how those career intervention practices support students' Individual Learning Plans (ILPs). The research questions guiding this study…

Wilkerson, Belinda J.

2010-01-01

224

History. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records (Secondary Level): Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by experienced migrant education teachers using several Sight and Sound Program concepts, this volume presents approximately 120 predrafted individual short-term Plan/Records for secondary level students in the subject area of United States history, and step-by-step directions for their use by Oregon resource teachers, secondary…

Flores, Merced, Comp.

225

Tabletop AgilePlanner: A tabletop-based project planning tool for agile software development teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the Tabletop AgilePlanner, an advanced prototype that applies tabletop technology to support collocated and distributed agile planning meetings. By introducing the novel tabletop-based project planning tool, this paper contributes to the agile and tabletop research in threefold: First, it provides real world experience of using a digital tabletop to solve practical problems, not just a demonstration of

Xin Wang; Frank Maurer

2008-01-01

226

Software configuration plan for the 1,000 CFM portable exhauster`s small logic control system  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the formal documentation for maintaining the control system associated with the 1,000 CFM portable exhauster`s. The objective of the software configuration control plan is to provide assurances that the portable exhauster`s control system will be operable for the duration of 241-C-106 and 241-AY-102 operations (project 320). The design was based upon the criteria documented in the portable exhauster functional design criteria (HNF-SD-WM-DB-035) and procurement specification (HNF-S-0490) for the exhauster interlock systems.

Kaiser, T.D.

1998-08-13

227

45 CFR 261.12 - What is an individual responsibility plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...school, immunizing children, going to classes, or doing other things that will help the individual become or remain employed in the private sector; (c) Should be designed to move the individual into whatever private-sector employment...

2013-10-01

228

Software Smarts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under an SBIR (Small Business Innovative Research) contract with Johnson Space Center, Knowledge Based Systems Inc. (KBSI) developed an intelligent software environment for modeling and analyzing mission planning activities, simulating behavior, and, using a unique constraint propagation mechanism, updating plans with each change in mission planning activities. KBSI developed this technology into a commercial product, PROJECTLINK, a two-way bridge between PROSIm, KBSI's process modeling and simulation software and leading project management software like Microsoft Project and Primavera's SureTrak Project Manager.

1998-01-01

229

The Impact of Person Centered Planning on the Content and Organization of Individual Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the impact that the use of Person Centered Planning (PCP) had with 10 transition-age students receiving special education services. Interviews with students, parents, and educators indicated that PCP training was associated with various indicators of service provision as well as higher satisfaction with the planning process.…

Flannery, Brigid; Newton, Stephen; Horner, Robert; Slovic, Roz; Blumberg, Richard; Ard, William K.

2000-01-01

230

75 FR 64909 - Fiduciary Requirements for Disclosure in Participant-Directed Individual Account Plans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provisions relating to the exercise of voting, tender and similar rights appurtenant to an investment...provides for the pass-through of voting, tender, and similar rights, the plan administrator...materials the plan receives regarding voting, tender or similar rights (``pass-...

2010-10-20

231

Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) program computer software test plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the information and guidelines necessary to conduct all the required testing of the Windows Calorimeter Control (WinCal) system. The strategy and essential components for testing the WinCal System Project are described in this test plan. The purpose of this test plan is to provide the customer and performing organizations with specific procedures for testing the specified system's functions.

Pertzborn, N.F.

1997-03-26

232

A software system for optimum design and trajectory planning of robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an interactive graphic robot-simulation system that has been developed to carry out optimum design and\\u000a to provide a robot-independent off-line motion-planning tool. The system includes model building, optimum design, trajectory\\u000a planning and graphic display, and is capable of detecting collisions. Emphasis is given to graphics facilities (translation,\\u000a scaling, removal of hidden lines, image animation, etc.). The system

H. Ding; D. S. Li; J. X. Chen; Y. L. Xiong

1989-01-01

233

Formal Methods Specification and Verification Guidebook for Software and Computer Systems. Volume 1; Planning and Technology Insertion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Formal Methods Specification and Verification Guidebook for Software and Computer Systems describes a set of techniques called Formal Methods (FM), and outlines their use in the specification and verification of computer systems and software. Development of increasingly complex systems has created a need for improved specification and verification techniques. NASA's Safety and Mission Quality Office has supported the investigation of techniques such as FM, which are now an accepted method for enhancing the quality of aerospace applications. The guidebook provides information for managers and practitioners who are interested in integrating FM into an existing systems development process. Information includes technical and administrative considerations that must be addressed when establishing the use of FM on a specific project. The guidebook is intended to aid decision makers in the successful application of FM to the development of high-quality systems at reasonable cost. This is the first volume of a planned two-volume set. The current volume focuses on administrative and planning considerations for the successful application of FM.

1995-01-01

234

42 CFR 436.212 - Individuals who would be eligible for cash assistance if the State plan for OAA, AFDC, AB, APTD...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Categorically Needy Options for Coverage of Families and Children and Aged, Blind, and Disabled Individuals, Including Pregnant Women § 436.212 Individuals who would be eligible for cash assistance if the State plan for OAA, AFDC, AB, APTD, or...

2013-10-01

235

Personal Software Process (PSP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Personal Software Process (PSP) provides engineers with a disciplined personal framework for doing software work. The PSP process consists of a set of methods, forms. and scripts that show software engineers how to plan, measure, and manage their work...

W. S. Humphrey

2000-01-01

236

42 CFR 440.320 - State plan requirements: Optional enrollment for exempt individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.320 State plan...defined in § 440.315 the option to enroll in benchmark or benchmark-equivalent coverage must...

2013-10-01

237

Growth and variability in health plan premiums in the individual insurance market before the Affordable Care Act.  

PubMed

Before we can evaluate the impact of the Affordable Care Act on health insurance premiums in the individual market, it is critical to understand the pricing trends of these premiums before the implementation of the law. Using rates of increase in the individual insurance market collected from state regulators, this issue brief documents trends in premium growth in the pre-ACA period. From 2008 to 2010, premiums grew by 10 percent or more per year. This growth was also highly variable across states, and even more variable across insurance plans within states. The study suggests that evaluating trends in premiums requires looking across a broad array of states and plans, and that policymakers must examine how present and future changes in premium rates compare with the more than 10 percent per year premium increases in the years preceding health reform. PMID:24922979

Gruber, Jonathan

2014-06-01

238

Advanced software development workstation: Object-oriented methodologies and applications for flight planning and mission operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work accomplished during the past nine months in order to help three different organizations involved in Flight Planning and in Mission Operations systems, to transition to Object-Oriented Technology, by adopting one of the currently most widely used Object-Oriented analysis and Design Methodology is summarized.

Izygon, Michel

1993-01-01

239

Body landmark detection for a fully automatic AAA stent graft planning software system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present an approach to automate the planning of an endovascular stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), which are treated with bifurcated prosthesis (Y-stents) when located close to the iliac bifurcation. During the intervention, the folded Y-stent graft ? consisting of several parts ? is inserted via the iliac region and expanded inside the patient’s body.

Jan Egger; Shaohua Kevin Zhou; Stefan Groskopf; David Liu; Christian Hopfgartner; Dominik Bernhardt; Christina Biermann; Christopher Nimsky; Bernd Freisleben

2010-01-01

240

Software environment for tactical training with trajectory planning through multiple moving targets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a simulation environment for training naval officers and presents details of one of its main functions, planning a secure trajectory through moving targets. For this function we applied the well-known A* search to determine the shortest possible path from our current position to the destination without entering the hazardous zone of the targets. We approximate the circular

Sermsak Buntha; Sergiu Dascalu; Narayan Debnath; Sohei Okamoto; Pawinee Buntha

2007-01-01

241

Six Steps for Planning a Fitness Circuit for Individuals with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teaching individuals with autism it is important to pay particular attention to fitness and movement as these individuals are less likely than typical children to achieve the recommended level physical activity. Common characteristics of autism spectrum disorder can include deficits in communication and social behavior, which may limit…

Hovey, Kate

2011-01-01

242

Status quo and future plans for the Vienna VLBI Software (VieVS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vienna VLBI Software (VieVS) has been developed by the VLBI group at the Vienna University of Technology since 2008, and in recent years important contributions have been made by other groups all over the world. The software is written in Matlab which makes it easy for students to get an insight in VLBI processing and which allows short and concise source code. The current version 2.1 of VieVS has improved capabilities in terms of the global solution and the graphical user interface compared to earlier releases. Furthermore, more sophisticated approaches are now available in terms of scheduling VLBI sessions. Presently, we are working on the new version 2.2 which will be released this summer and which will be presented at the 5th VieVS User-Workshop in September 2014. For example, it will be equipped with a source structure simulator, as well as more refined possibilities for scheduling and the global solution. In a test version, we will also provide a graphical user interface built with Qt instead of Matlab.

Mayer, David; Böhm, Johannes; Böhm, Sigrid; Choliy, Vasyl; Hellerschmied, Andreas; Hofmeister, Armin; Karbon, Maria; Krasna, Hana; McCallum, Jamie; Madzak, Matthias; Nilsson, Tobias; Plank, Lucia; Shabala, Stas; Soja, Benedikt; Sun, Jing; Teke, Kamil

2014-05-01

243

A systematic approach for solving the wicked problem of software release planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Release planning is known to be a cognitively and computationally difficult problem. Different kinds of uncertainties make\\u000a it hard to formulate and solve the problem. Our solution approach called EVOLVE+ mitigates these difficulties by (i) an evolutionary\\u000a problem solving method combining rigorous solution methods to solve the actual formalization of the problem combined with\\u000a the interactive involvement of the human

An Ngo-the; Guenther Ruhe

2008-01-01

244

Advanced software development workstation: Effectiveness of constraint-checking. [spaceflight simulation and planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the findings and lessons learned from the development of an intelligent user interface for a space flight planning simulation program, in the specific area related to constraint-checking. The different functionalities of the Graphical User Interface part and of the rule-based part of the system have been identified. Their respective domain of applicability for error prevention and error checking have been specified.

Izygon, Michel

1992-01-01

245

34 CFR 303.340 - Individualized family service plan-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH DISABILITIES Child Find, Evaluations and Assessments...Individualized family service planâgeneral. For each infant or toddler with a disability, the lead agency must ensure the...

2013-07-01

246

Individualized Diagnosis and Program Planning for Process Learning Deficits in Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed in a paper which was presented at the 1974 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association are diagnostic procedures for instructional planning to be used with learning disabled elementary school children handicapped in the area of mathematics. Traditional diagnostic approaches such as intelligence tests are criticized.…

Kratochwill, Thomas R.; Severson, Roger A.

247

Medicare coverage for patients with diabetes. A national plan with individual consequences.  

PubMed

The prevalence of diabetes in the U.S. Medicare population is growing at an alarming rate. From 1980 to 2004, the number of people aged 65 or older with diagnosed diabetes increased from 2.3 million to 5.8 million. According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS), 32% of Medicare spending is attributed to the diabetes population. Since its inception, Medicare has expanded medical coverage of monitoring devices, screening tests and visits, educational efforts, and preventive medical services for its diabetic enrollees. However, oral antidiabetic agents and insulin were excluded from reimbursement. In 2003, Congress passed the Medicare Modernization Act that includes a drug benefit to be administered either through Medicare Advantage drug plans or privately sponsored prescription drug plans for implementation in January 2006. In this article we highlight key patient and drug plan characteristics and resources that providers may focus upon to assist their patients choose a coverage plan. Using a case example, we illustrate the variable financial impact the adoption of Medicare part D may have on beneficiaries with diabetes due to their economic status. We further discuss the potential consequences the legislation will have on diabetic patients enrolled in Medicare, their providers, prescribing strategies, and the diabetes market. PMID:16686819

Ashkenazy, R; Abrahamson, M J

2006-04-01

248

Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Statistical Software as Related to the CTBTO’s On-Site Inspection Procedure  

SciTech Connect

In the event of a potential nuclear weapons test the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is commissioned to conduct an on-site investigation (OSI) of the suspected test site in an effort to find confirmatory evidence of the nuclear test. The OSI activities include collecting air, surface soil, and underground samples to search for indications of a nuclear weapons test - these indicators include radionuclides and radioactive isotopes Ar and Xe. This report investigates the capability of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software to contribute to the sampling activities of the CTBTO during an OSI. VSP is a statistical sampling design software, constructed under data quality objectives, which has been adapted for environmental remediation and contamination detection problems for the EPA, US Army, DoD and DHS among others. This report provides discussion of a number of VSP sample designs, which may be pertinent to the work undertaken during an OSI. Examples and descriptions of such designs include hot spot sampling, combined random and judgment sampling, multiple increment sampling, radiological transect surveying, and a brief description of other potentially applicable sampling methods. Further, this work highlights a potential need for the use of statistically based sample designs in OSI activities. The use of such designs may enable canvassing a sample area without full sampling, provide a measure of confidence that radionuclides are not present, and allow investigators to refocus resources in other areas of concern.

Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Pulsipher, Brent A.; Milbrath, Brian D.

2010-09-01

249

CAD/CAM guided surgery in implant dentistry. A review of software packages and step-by-step protocols for planning surgical guides.  

PubMed

Three-dimensional radiographic imaging for dental implant treatment planning is gaining widespread interest and popularity. However, application of the data from 30 imaging can be a complex and daunting process initially. The purpose of this article is to describe features of three software packages and the respective computerized guided surgical templates (GST) fabricated from them. A step-by-step method of interpreting and ordering a GST to simplify the process of the surgical planning and implant placement is discussed. PMID:24881445

Scherer, Michael D; Kattadiyil, Mathew T; Parciak, Ewa; Puri, Shweta

2014-01-01

250

Compliance and Practices in Transition Planning: A Review of Individualized Education Program Documents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which transition components of students’ Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) were compliant with IDEIA 2004; the extent to which transition components provided evidence of best practices; the association among disability, ethnicity, compliance, and practices; and the relationship between compliance and best…

Landmark, Leena Jo; Zhang, Dalun

2013-01-01

251

Preretirement Planning: Individual, Institutional, and Social Perspectives. Information Series No. 264.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph examines the phenomenon of retirement from the perspectives of the individual, the institution, and the socioeconomic system. In the first of five sections, the author looks at the evolution and institutionalization of the concept, discussing the effects of legislative and personnel policies, altered social and economic status, and…

Brahce, Carl I.

252

A Rationale and Plan for the Evaluation of the Individually Prescribed Instruction Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of an educational innovation can serve as an aid in the development of the innovation, and it can provide a basis for making judgments with respect to it. This report discusses the Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) program and its approach to evaluation. IPI evaluation activities are carried out in six areas: the program…

Lindvall, C. M.; Cox, Richard C.

253

Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management Plan (SPMP). Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

As a cabinet level federal agency with a diverse range of missions and an infrastructure spanning the United States, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has extensive freight transportation requirements. Performance and management of this freight activity is a critical function. DOE`s Transportation Management Division (TMD) has an agency-wide responsibility for overseeing transportation activities. Actual transportation operations are handled by government or contractor staff at the field locations. These staff have evolved a diverse range of techniques and procedures for performing transportation functions. In addition to minimizing the economic impact of transportation on programs, facility transportation staff must be concerned with the increasingly complex task of complying with complex shipment safety regulations. Maintaining the department`s safety record for shipping hazardous and radioactive materials is a primary goal. Use of automation to aid transportation functions is not widespread within DOE, though TMD has a number of software systems designed to gather and analyze data pertaining to field transportation activities. These systems are not integrated. Historically, most field facilities have accomplished transportation-related tasks manually or with minimal computer assistance. At best, information and decision support systems available to transportation staffs within the facilities are fragmented. In deciding where to allocate resources for automation, facility managers have not tended to give the needs of transportation departments a high priority. This diversity causes TMD significant difficulty in collecting data for use in managing department-wide transportation activities.

Weidert, R.S.

1995-05-26

254

Regression-based developmental models exemplified for Wisconsin Card Sorting Test parameters: Statistics and software for individual predictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prediction of an individual's score is relevant in clinical research and requires normative data and a statistical rationale. In the case of developmental research the latter is typically a set of descriptive statistics (e.g., standard scores) for a set of age groups. Here we illustrate a multiple regression approach with a set of 345 Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)

Christoph Klein; Friedrich Foerster; Klaus Hartnegg

2007-01-01

255

AngioLab--a software tool for morphological analysis and endovascular treatment planning of intracranial aneurysms.  

PubMed

Determining whether and how an intracranial aneurysm should be treated is a tough decision that clinicians face everyday. Emerging computational tools could help clinicians analyze clinical data and make these decisions. AngioLab is a single graphical user interface, developed on top of the open source framework GIMIAS, that integrates some of the latest image analysis and computational modeling tools for intracranial aneurysms. Two workflows are available: Advanced Morphological Analysis (AMA) and Endovascular Treatment Planning (ETP). AngioLab has been evaluated by a total of 62 clinicians, who considered the information provided by AngioLab relevant and meaningful. They acknowledged the emerging need of these type of tools and the potential impact they might have on the clinical decision-making process. PMID:22749086

Larrabide, Ignacio; Villa-Uriol, Maria-Cruz; Cárdenes, Rubén; Barbarito, Valeria; Carotenuto, Luigi; Geers, Arjan J; Morales, Hernán G; Pozo, José M; Mazzeo, Marco D; Bogunovi?, Hrvoje; Omedas, Pedro; Riccobene, Chiara; Macho, Juan M; Frangi, Alejandro F

2012-11-01

256

Software Tools  

Cancer.gov

Software Tools What is caBIG®? NCI's Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG®) is a virtual network of interconnected data, individuals, and organizations that redefines how research is conducted, care is provided, and patients/participants interact

257

SeaTrack: Ground station orbit prediction and planning software for sea-viewing satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An orbit prediction software package (Sea Track) was designed to assist High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT) stations in the acquisition of direct broadcast data from sea-viewing spacecraft. Such spacecraft will be common in the near future, with the launch of the Sea viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) in 1994, along with the continued Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) series on NOAA platforms. The Brouwer-Lyddane model was chosen for orbit prediction because it meets the needs of HRPT tracking accuracies, provided orbital elements can be obtained frequently (up to within 1 week). Sea Track requires elements from the U.S. Space Command (NORAD Two-Line Elements) for the satellite's initial position. Updated Two-Line Elements are routinely available from many electronic sources (some are listed in the Appendix). Sea Track is a menu-driven program that allows users to alter input and output formats. The propagation period is entered by a start date and end date with times in either Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) or local time. Antenna pointing information is provided in tabular form and includes azimuth/elevation pointing angles, sub-satellite longitude/latitude, acquisition of signal (AOS), loss of signal (LOS), pass orbit number, and other pertinent pointing information. One version of Sea Track (non-graphical) allows operation under DOS (for IBM-compatible personal computers) and UNIX (for Sun and Silicon Graphics workstations). A second, graphical, version displays orbit tracks, and azimuth-elevation for IBM-compatible PC's, but requires a VGA card and Microsoft FORTRAN.

Lambert, Kenneth S.; Gregg, Watson W.; Hoisington, Charles M.; Patt, Frederick S.

1993-01-01

258

Individual Dierences in Cognitive Planning on the Tower of Hanoi Task: Neuropsychological Maturity or Measurement Error?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tower of Hanoi (ToH) task was given to 238 children aged from 7 to 15 years, and 20 adults. Individual variation within an age band was substantial. ToH score did not correlate significantly with Verbal IQ, nor with ability to inhibit a prepotent response. We readministered the ToH to 45 children after 30 to 40 days. The test-retest correlation

D. V. M. Bishop; G. Aamodt-Leeper; C. Creswell; R. McGurk; D. H. Skuse

2001-01-01

259

Regression-based developmental models exemplified for Wisconsin Card Sorting Test parameters: statistics and software for individual predictions.  

PubMed

The prediction of an individual's score is relevant in clinical research and requires normative data and a statistical rationale. In the case of developmental research the latter is typically a set of descriptive statistics (e.g., standard scores) for a set of age groups. Here we illustrate a multiple regression approach with a set of 345 Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) data obtained from subjects aged 6 to 26 years. We modeled linear and curvilinear age effects for each of the 11 WCST variables and, based on this, determined confidence limits for the expected value (mean) and the prediction of individual scores. In these multiple regression models, which accounted for 2% to 26% of the variance, curvilinear age effects clearly dominated linear ones, suggesting the features under scrutiny to be negatively accelerated functions of age. Finally, we developed a statistics program that can be used to apply multiple regression models for individual predictions that are based on normative data with up to 7 predictor variables. We discuss the conditions of applicability of the approach, compare it with the conventional standard score approach, discuss its cognitive-developmental implications, and outline the applicability in applied research and practising. PMID:17162719

Klein, Christoph; Foerster, Friedrich; Hartnegg, Klaus

2007-01-01

260

Do You Need ERP? In the Business World, Enterprise Resource Planning Software Keeps Costs down and Productivity up. Should Districts Follow Suit?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enterprise resource planning software does what school leaders have always wanted their computer systems to do: It sees all. By integrating every IT application an organization has--from purchasing and inventory control to payroll--ERPs create a single unified system. Not only does this give IT managers a holistic view to what is happening in the…

Careless, James

2007-01-01

261

Total Cost of Ownership, System Acceptance and Perceived Success of Enterprise Resource Planning Software: Simulating a Dynamic Feedback Perspective of ERP in the Higher Education Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enterprise Research Planning (ERP) software is advertised as the product that will "run the enterprise", improving data access and accuracy as well as enhancing business process efficiency. Unfortunately, organizations often make implementation decisions with little consideration for the maintenance phase of an ERP, resulting in significant…

Fryling, Meg

2010-01-01

262

Do You Need ERP? In the Business World, Enterprise Resource Planning Software Keeps Costs down and Productivity up. Should Districts Follow Suit?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) software does what school leaders have always wanted their computer systems to do: It sees all. By integrating every IT application an organization has--from purchasing and inventory control to payroll--ERPs create a single unified system. Not only does this give IT managers a holistic view to what is happening…

Careless, James

2007-01-01

263

Chapter I Differentiated Process Support for Large Software Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter presents a framework for differentiated process support in large software projects. Pro- cess support can be differentiated in different levels based on the size of the development organization andtheneedforcoordinationacrossdifferentlevelsoftheorganization.?Wehavedefinedfourmain? perspectives: individual, group, team, and project level, where the framework consider essential issues when planning and executing the software development processes in organizations with different levels of management. Further,

Alf Inge Wang; Carl-Fredrik Sørensen

264

Earth Observing System (EOS)/Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) software assurance plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document defines the responsibilities of Software Quality Assurance (SOA) for the development of the flight software installed in EOS/AMSU-A instruments, and the ground support software used in the test and integration of the EOS/AMSU-A instruments.

Schwantje, Robert; Smith, Claude

1994-01-01

265

The effects of text-based and graphics-based software tools on planning and organizing of stories.  

PubMed

This article describes a research study comparing the effects of two computer-based writing tools on the story-writing skills of fourth-through eighth-grade students with language-related learning disabilities. The first tool, the prompted writing feature of FrEdWriter (Rogers, 1985), allowed students to answer story grammar questions, then type stories using those responses as the plan; the second tool, Once Upon a Time (Urban, Rushing, & Star, 1990), allowed students to create graphic scenes, then type stories about those scenes. Nine students attended a series of after-school writing labs twice weekly for 11 weeks, using each tool for half of the writing sessions. Group results did not clearly favor either tool; however, individual differences suggested that use of planning features should be linked to student needs. Students who had less internal organizational ability benefited from the computer-presented story grammar prompts and wrote less mature stories when using the graphics-based tool. Students with relatively strong organizational skills wrote more mature stories with the graphics-based tool. PMID:8763551

Bahr, C M; Nelson, N W; Van Meter, A M

1996-07-01

266

NASA-evolving to Ada: Five-year plan. A plan for implementing recommendations made by the Ada and software management assessment working group  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At their March 1988 meeting, members of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Information Resources Management (IRM) Council expressed concern that NASA may not have the infrastructure necessary to support the use of Ada for major NASA software projects. Members also observed that the agency has no coordinated strategy for applying its experiences with Ada to subsequent projects (Hinners, 27 June 1988). To deal with these problems, the IRM Council chair appointed an intercenter Ada and Software Management Assessment Working Group (ASMAWG). They prepared a report (McGarry et al., March 1989) entitled, 'Ada and Software Management in NASA: Findings and Recommendations'. That report presented a series of recommendations intended to enable NASA to develop better software at lower cost through the use of Ada and other state-of-the-art software engineering technologies. The purpose here is to describe the steps (called objectives) by which this goal may be achieved, to identify the NASA officials or organizations responsible for carrying out the steps, and to define a schedule for doing so. This document sets forth four goals: adopt agency-wide software standards and policies; use Ada as the programming language for all mission software; establish an infrastructure to support software engineering, including the use of Ada, and to leverage the agency's software experience; and build the agency's knowledge base in Ada and software engineering. A schedule for achieving the objectives and goals is given.

1989-01-01

267

Parent Guide to Computers and Software for the Young Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides basic information about computers, assistive devices for computers, and computer software for young children with disabilities. Guidelines for assessing the child's readiness for computers are provided, as are tips on planning computer-related goals and incorporating computer use into the Individual Family Service Plan and…

Ray, Jennifer; Timms, Judy

268

An approach to using conventional brachytherapy software for clinical treatment planning of complex, Monte Carlo-based brachytherapy dose distributions  

SciTech Connect

Certain brachytherapy dose distributions, such as those for LDR prostate implants, are readily modeled by treatment planning systems (TPS) that use the superposition principle of individual seed dose distributions to calculate the total dose distribution. However, dose distributions for brachytherapy treatments using high-Z shields or having significant material heterogeneities are not currently well modeled using conventional TPS. The purpose of this study is to establish a new treatment planning technique (Tufts technique) that could be applied in some clinical situations where the conventional approach is not acceptable and dose distributions present cylindrical symmetry. Dose distributions from complex brachytherapy source configurations determined with Monte Carlo methods were used as input data. These source distributions included the 2 and 3 cm diameter Valencia skin applicators from Nucletron, 4-8 cm diameter AccuBoost peripheral breast brachytherapy applicators from Advanced Radiation Therapy, and a 16 mm COMS-based eye plaque using {sup 103}Pd, {sup 125}I, and {sup 131}Cs seeds. Radial dose functions and 2D anisotropy functions were obtained by positioning the coordinate system origin along the dose distribution cylindrical axis of symmetry. Origin:tissue distance and active length were chosen to minimize TPS interpolation errors. Dosimetry parameters were entered into the PINNACLE TPS, and dose distributions were subsequently calculated and compared to the original Monte Carlo-derived dose distributions. The new planning technique was able to reproduce brachytherapy dose distributions for all three applicator types, producing dosimetric agreement typically within 2% when compared with Monte Carlo-derived dose distributions. Agreement between Monte Carlo-derived and planned dose distributions improved as the spatial resolution of the fitted dosimetry parameters improved. For agreement within 5% throughout the clinical volume, spatial resolution of dosimetry parameter data {<=}0.1 cm was required, and the virtual brachytherapy source data set included over 5000 data points. On the other hand, the lack of consideration for applicator heterogeneity effect caused conventional dose overestimates exceeding an order of magnitude in regions of clinical interest. This approach is rationalized by the improved dose estimates. In conclusion, a new technique was developed to incorporate complex Monte Carlo-based brachytherapy dose distributions into conventional TPS. These results are generalizable to other brachytherapy source types and other TPS.

Rivard, Mark J.; Melhus, Christopher S.; Granero, Domingo; Perez-Calatayud, Jose; Ballester, Facundo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111 (United States); Radiation Oncology Department, Physics Section, ''La Fe'' University Hospital, Avenida Campanar 21, E-46009 Valencia (Spain); Department of Atomic, Molecular, and Nuclear Physics, University of Valencia, C/Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, Spain and IFIC (University of Valencia-CSIC), C/Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot (Spain)

2009-06-15

269

Comparison of the Perspectives of Managers, Employees and Clients Regarding the Individual Barriers of Family Planning Counseling in Healthcare Centers of Isfahan in 2012  

PubMed Central

Background: Family planning is a lifestyle that is selected voluntarily and is based on the knowledge, attitude and responsible decision making by couples in order to promote the health and welfare of the family and the advancement of the society. In this regard, family planning counseling plays an important role in making informed decisions if used properly and in a responsible way. Detection of individual barriers in family planning counseling based on the viewpoints of managers, employees and clients who are key participants in the healthcare service provision is a major step towards appropriate planning to modify or eliminate such barriers. Objectives: The present study was conducted with the goal of comparing managers’, employees’ and clients’ viewpoints about individual barriers in family planning counseling in health care centers in Isfahan in 2012. Patients and Methods: This was a cross-sectional one-step three-group comparative descriptive study conducted on 295 subjects including 59 managers, 110 employees and 126 clients in medical health care centers in Isfahan in 2012. The managers and employees were selected by census sampling, and the clients were recruited through convenient random sampling. The data collection tool was a researcher-designed questionnaire, which was designed in two sections of fertility and personal characteristics, and viewpoint measurement. Descriptive and inferential statistical tests were used to analyze the data. Results: The obtained results showed significant differences between mean scores of viewpoints in three groups of managers, employees and clients concerning individual barriers in family planning counseling. In addition, most of the managers, employees and clients reported individual barriers as an intermediate level barrier in the process of family planning counseling. Conclusions: Results indicate that subjects in three studied groups hold different views regarding the individual barriers in family planning counseling. This difference in the perspectives may be a factor that affects the quality of the provided services. Therefore, it is necessary for the healthcare providers to consider the main concerns of their clients regarding family planning.

Taheri, Safoura; Ehsanpour, Soheila; Kohan, Shahnaze; Farzi, Saba; Jaafarpour, Molouk; Direkvand-Moghaddam, Ashraf

2014-01-01

270

Determination of the influence of dispersion pattern of pesticide-resistant individuals on the reliability of resistance estimates using different sampling plans.  

PubMed

Pesticide resistance monitoring includes resistance detection and subsequent documentation/ measurement. Resistance detection would require at least one (?1) resistant individual(s) to be present in a sample to initiate management strategies. Resistance documentation, on the other hand, would attempt to get an estimate of the entire population (?90%) of the resistant individuals. A computer simulation model was used to compare the efficiency of simple random and systematic sampling plans to detect resistant individuals and to document their frequencies when the resistant individuals were randomly or patchily distributed. A patchy dispersion pattern of resistant individuals influenced the sampling efficiency of systematic sampling plans while the efficiency of random sampling was independent of such patchiness. When resistant individuals were randomly distributed, sample sizes required to detect at least one resistant individual (resistance detection) with a probability of 0.95 were 300 (1%) and 50 (10% and 20%); whereas, when resistant individuals were patchily distributed, using systematic sampling, sample sizes required for such detection were 6000 (1%), 600 (10%) and 300 (20%). Sample sizes of 900 and 400 would be required to detect ?90% of resistant individuals (resistance documentation) with a probability of 0.95 when resistant individuals were randomly dispersed and present at a frequency of 10% and 20%, respectively; whereas, when resistant individuals were patchily distributed, using systematic sampling, a sample size of 3000 and 1500, respectively, was necessary. Small sample sizes either underestimated or overestimated the resistance frequency. A simple random sampling plan is, therefore, recommended for insecticide resistance detection and subsequent documentation. PMID:22420712

Shah, R; Worner, S P; Chapman, R B

2012-10-01

271

Pulmonary Masses: Initial Results of Cone-beam CT Guidance with Needle Planning Software for Percutaneous Lung Biopsy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of percutaneous lung biopsy (PLB) findings using cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) guidance (CBCT guidance) and compared to conventional biopsy guidance techniques. Methods: CBCT guidance is a stereotactic technique for needle interventions, combining 3D soft-tissue cone-beam CT, needle planning software, and real-time fluoroscopy. Between March 2007 and August 2010, we performed 84 Tru-Cut PLBs, where bronchoscopy did not provide histopathologic diagnosis. Mean patient age was 64.6 (range 24-85) years; 57 patients were men, and 25 were women. Records were prospectively collected for calculating sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy. We also registered fluoroscopy time, room time, interventional time, dose-area product (DAP), and complications. Procedures were divided into subgroups (e.g., location, size, operator). Results: Mean lesion diameter was 32.5 (range 3.0-93.0) mm, and the mean number of samples per biopsy procedure was 3.2 (range 1-7). Mean fluoroscopy time was 161 (range 104-551) s, room time was 34 (range 15-79) min, mean DAP value was 25.9 (range 3.9-80.5) Gy{center_dot}cm{sup -2}, and interventional time was 18 (range 5-65) min. Of 84 lesions, 70 were malignant (83.3%) and 14 were benign (16.7%). Seven (8.3%) of the biopsy samples were nondiagnostic. All nondiagnostic biopsied lesions proved to be malignant during surgical resection. The outcome for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy was 90% (95% confidence interval [CI] 86-96), 100% (95% CI 82-100), 100% (95% CI 96-100), 66.7% (95% CI 55-83), and 91.7% (95% CI 86-96), respectively. Sixteen patients (19%) had minor and 2 (2.4%) had major complications. Conclusion: CBCT guidance is an effective method for PLB, with results comparable to CT/CT fluoroscopy guidance.

Braak, Sicco J., E-mail: sjbraak@gmail.com [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Herder, Gerarda J. M., E-mail: j.herder@antoniusziekenhuis.nl [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Pulmonology (Netherlands); Heesewijk, Johannes P. M. van, E-mail: j.heesewijk@antoniusziekenhuis.nl; Strijen, Marco J. L. van, E-mail: m.van.strijen@antoniusziekenhuis.nl [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

2012-12-15

272

Role of virtual surgery in pre-operative planning: Assessing the individual components of functional nasal airway surgery  

PubMed Central

Introduction There are often multiple anatomic factors that contribute to nasal obstruction, creating difficulty in deciding which components to address for a successful outcome. The purpose of this pilot study is to demonstrate the effect of individual components of functional nasal airway surgery in a patient with multifactorial obstruction and discuss the potential benefit of computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-aided virtual surgery. Methods A 53 year old female underwent septoplasty, turbinate reduction, and nasal valve repair. Pre- and post-operative digital nasal models were created from CT images and nasal resistance was calculated using CFD techniques. The digital models were then manipulated to isolate the effects of the components of the surgery, creating a nasal valve repair alone model and a septoplasty/turbinate reduction alone model. Results Bilateral nasal resistance on the post-operative model was approximately 25% less than pre-operative values. Similarly, CFD analysis showed reductions in nasal resistance of the virtual models: 19% reduction with intranasal surgery alone and 6% reduction with nasal valve repair alone. Conclusions Most of the reduction in nasal resistance was accomplished with performance of septoplasty and inferior turbinate reduction. The contribution from nasal valve repair was less in comparison but not insignificant. This pilot study implies that CFD-aided virtual surgery may be useful as part of pre-operative planning in patients with multifactorial anatomic nasal airway obstruction.

Rhee, John S.; Cannon, Daniel E.; Frank, Dennis O.; Kimbell, Julia S.

2013-01-01

273

Payload software technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software analysis was performed of known STS sortie payload elements and their associated experiments. This provided basic data for STS payload software characteristics and sizes. A set of technology drivers was identified based on a survey of future technology needs and an assessment of current software technology. The results will be used to evolve a planned approach to software technology development. The purpose of this plan is to ensure that software technology is advanced at a pace and a depth sufficient to fulfill the identified future needs.

1976-01-01

274

Uptake of family planning methods and unplanned pregnancies among HIV-infected individuals: a cross-sectional survey among clients at HIV clinics in Uganda  

PubMed Central

Background Prevention of unplanned pregnancies among HIV-infected individuals is critical to the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT), but its potential has not been fully utilized by PMTCT programmes. The uptake of family planning methods among women in Uganda is low, with current use of family planning methods estimated at 24%, but available data has not been disaggregated by HIV status. The aim of this study was to assess the utilization of family planning and unintended pregnancies among HIV-infected people in Uganda. Methods We conducted exit interviews with 1100 HIV-infected individuals, including 441 men and 659 women, from 12 HIV clinics in three districts in Uganda to assess the uptake of family planning services, and unplanned pregnancies, among HIV-infected people. We conducted multivariate analysis for predictors of current use of family planning among women who were married or in consensual union and were not pregnant at the time of the interview. Results One-third (33%, 216) of the women reported being pregnant since their HIV diagnoses and 28% (123) of the men reported their partner being pregnant since their HIV diagnoses. Of these, 43% (105) said these pregnancies were not planned: 53% (80) among women compared with 26% (25) among men. Most respondents (58%; 640) reported that they were currently using family planning methods. Among women who were married or in consensual union and not pregnant, 80% (242) were currently using any family planning method and 68% were currently using modern family planning methods (excluding withdrawal, lactational amenorrhoea and rhythm). At multivariate analysis, women who did not discuss the number of children they wanted with their partners and those who did not disclose their HIV status to sexual partners were less likely to use modern family planning methods (adjusted OR 0.40, range 0.20-0.81, and 0.30, range 0.10-0.85, respectively). Conclusions The uptake of family planning among HIV-infected individuals is fairly high. However, there are a large number of unplanned pregnancies. These findings highlight the need for strengthening of family planning services for HIV-infected people.

2011-01-01

275

An Investigation into Team Member Perceptions of Communication in the Individual Program Planning System at the Vocational and Rehabilitation Research Institute.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the nature of communication related to the Individual Program Planning (IPP) client servicing system at a rehabilitative vocational training research institute. Respondents included family members, staff, and other professionals who work on IPP teams. The questionnaire measured respondent attitudes toward the frequency,…

Hermary, Ted

276

Implementing Digital Individual Development Planning in Teacher Education: The Challenges of Communication in Relation to the Development of ICT-Supported Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a study of the experiences of a group of teacher educators during the 2006-2007 academic year, when they participated in a project to try out and implement digital individual development planning (which in Swedish is digital "Individuella Utvecklings-Planer" or IUP) in a teacher education faculty at a Swedish university. The…

Granberg, Carina

2009-01-01

277

General education teachers' perceptions of their role in developing Individual Education Programs and their use of IEPs to develop instructional plans for students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore the use of Individualized Education Programs (IEP) by general education teachers at the elementary level to develop instructional plans for students with disabilities included in the general education classroom. An additional purpose of the study was to determine what role general education teachers at the elementary level feel they play in the

Gina Dildine

2010-01-01

278

The Effectiveness of an Individually-Organized Computer-Managed Program (PLAN) with Educationally Disadvantaged Students in Middle Elementary Grade Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Program for Learning in Accordance with Needs (PLAN) is characterized by a completely individualized pattern of organization. It employs multiple textbooks and materials which cross grade level lines, subject matter area lines, and teacher-pupil lines. It places particular emphasis on a high concentration of modern mathematics content. The…

Moench, Laurel

279

Are Individualized Education Plans a Good Thing? A Survey of Teachers' Perceptions of the Utility of IEPs in Regular Education Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this survey was to investigate the perceptions of regular education teachers on the utility of individualized education plans (IEPs) for children with disabilities within an inclusive classroom. One hundred and twenty three regular education teachers from Alabama and Georgia were respondents. Twenty-six percent of respondents were…

Lee-Tarver, Aleada

2006-01-01

280

Software Quality Assurance Plan for GoldSim Models Supporting the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites Performance Assessment Program  

SciTech Connect

This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) applies to the development and maintenance of GoldSim models supporting the Area 3 and Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites (RWMSs) performance assessments (PAs) and composite analyses (CAs). Two PA models have been approved by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) as of November 2006 for the PA maintenance work undertaken by National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec). NNSA/NSO asked NSTec to assume the custodianship of the models for future development and maintenance. The models were initially developed by Neptune and Company (N&C).

Gregory J. Shott, Vefa Yucel

2007-01-03

281

Software verification and testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

General procedures for software verification and validation are provided as a guide for managers, programmers, and analysts involved in software development. The verification and validation procedures described are based primarily on testing techniques. Testing refers to the execution of all or part of a software system for the purpose of detecting errors. Planning, execution, and analysis of tests are outlined in this document. Code reading and static analysis techniques for software verification are also described.

1985-01-01

282

Access: Plan for Ensuring Access for Individuals with Disabilities to All New York State Education Department Programs and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents the plan of the Intra-Agency Council of the New York State Department of Education to increase physical and programmatic accessibility of all Department programs and services. First, the mission and goals of the Council as well as its activities are briefly reviewed. Next, the process for developing the department plan is…

New York State Education Dept., Albany.

283

Survey of ANL (Argonne National Laboratory) Organization Plans for Word Processors, Personal Computers, Workstations, and Associated Software.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To provide DOE with an understanding of recent growth in the acquisition and use of personal computers, microcomputers, and word processors at ANL, the Computing and Telecommunications Division has compiled this Survey of ANL Organization Plans for Word P...

L. C. Opitz R. E. Slocum D. J. Walsh

1988-01-01

284

Planning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning how to plan a science investigation is an important component of learning how to do investigative science. The plan will guide the students to find evidence to respond to their focus question or problem that needs to be solved. This chapter descr

Klentschy, Michael P.

2008-04-01

285

Space Station Software Recommendations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Four panels of invited experts and NASA representatives focused on the following topics: software management, software development environment, languages, and software standards. Each panel deliberated in private, held two open sessions with audience participation, and developed recommendations for the NASA Space Station Program. The major thrusts of the recommendations were as follows: (1) The software management plan should establish policies, responsibilities, and decision points for software acquisition; (2) NASA should furnish a uniform modular software support environment and require its use for all space station software acquired (or developed); (3) The language Ada should be selected for space station software, and NASA should begin to address issues related to the effective use of Ada; and (4) The space station software standards should be selected (based upon existing standards where possible), and an organization should be identified to promulgate and enforce them. These and related recommendations are described in detail in the conference proceedings.

Voigt, S. (editor)

1985-01-01

286

Software assurance standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This standard specifies the software assurance program for the provider of software. It also delineates the assurance activities for the provider and the assurance data that are to be furnished by the provider to the acquirer. In any software development effort, the provider is the entity or individual that actually designs, develops, and implements the software product, while the acquirer is the entity or individual who specifies the requirements and accepts the resulting products. This standard specifies at a high level an overall software assurance program for software developed for and by NASA. Assurance includes the disciplines of quality assurance, quality engineering, verification and validation, nonconformance reporting and corrective action, safety assurance, and security assurance. The application of these disciplines during a software development life cycle is called software assurance. Subsequent lower-level standards will specify the specific processes within these disciplines.

1992-01-01

287

Intention to Work with Individuals with Dual Diagnosis: Testing the Theory of Planned Behavior among Students from Various Professions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing holistic care to individuals with the dual diagnosis (DD) of intellectual disability and mental illness is a challenging task that requires the work of various health care specialists. The aim of the current study was to examine the intentions of students from various fields to work with individuals with DD. A questionnaire was completed…

Werner, Shirli

2012-01-01

288

Does the theory of planned behavior elements mediate the relationship between perceived constraints and intention to participate in physical activities? A study among older individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to investigate the degree to which the elements of the theory of planned behavior mediate the relationship\\u000a between constraints and intention to continuing participation in physical activities. The sample of the study consisted of\\u000a 119 (N?=?119) older individuals who participated in organized physical activity programs. The results indicated that attitudes and\\u000a perceived behavioral control were negatively correlated

Konstantinos Alexandris; Vasilis Barkoukis; Charalampos Tsormpatzoudis

2007-01-01

289

The Tumor Therapy Manager – Design, Refinement and Clinical Use of a Software Product for ENT Surgery Planning and Documentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The treatment of patients with head and neck cancers is a demanding medical field, due to the compact anatomy and complex\\u000a functionality of the affected region. The planning process comprises issues regarding risk and applicability of intervention,\\u000a extent of surgical removal, and the choice of appropriate access to the pathology. Required clinical information are obtained\\u000a from different examinations, ranging from

Ivo Rössling; Jana Dornheim; Lars Dornheim; Andreas Boehm; Bernhard Preim

290

Incorporating Family Assessment and Individualized Family Service Plans into Early Intervention Programs: A Developmental, Decision Making Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The monograph presents essential components of a decision making sequence used to incorporate formalized family assessment and service planning procedures into two existing early intervention programs in Massachusetts. The 1-year effort used a consultant to: (1) redefine screening and assessment processes to include both child and family centered…

Kochanek, Thomas T.; Friedman, Donna Haig

291

Software Quality Assurance Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is a planned and systematic set of activities that ensures conformance of software life cycle processes and products conform to requirements, standards and procedures. In software development, software quality means meeting requirements and a degree of excellence and refinement of a project or product. Software Quality is a set of attributes of a software product by which its quality is described and evaluated. The set of attributes includes functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability. Software Metrics help us understand the technical process that is used to develop a product. The process is measured to improve it and the product is measured to increase quality throughout the life cycle of software. Software Metrics are measurements of the quality of software. Software is measured to indicate the quality of the product, to assess the productivity of the people who produce the product, to assess the benefits derived from new software engineering methods and tools, to form a baseline for estimation, and to help justify requests for new tools or additional training. Any part of the software development can be measured. If Software Metrics are implemented in software development, it can save time, money, and allow the organization to identify the caused of defects which have the greatest effect on software development. The summer of 2004, I worked with Cynthia Calhoun and Frank Robinson in the Software Assurance/Risk Management department. My task was to research and collect, compile, and analyze SQA Metrics that have been used in other projects that are not currently being used by the SA team and report them to the Software Assurance team to see if any metrics can be implemented in their software assurance life cycle process.

McRae, Kalindra A.

2004-01-01

292

Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1937, the Plan organization was initially intended to provide food and education to the unfortunate children whose lives were disrupted by the trauma and horror of the Spanish Civil War. Almost 70 years later, Plan continues to provide much needed assistance to 45 countries around the world, primarily in the areas of education, housing, and cross-cultural learning. First-time visitors will want to begin by looking through the section titled "Issues affecting children." This area provides both background materials and general guiding principles on such topics as street children, children in disaster areas, and HIV/AIDS among young people in the developing world. The "Where we work" area of the site provides detailed material on the work of the Plan organization in each region and country that the organization serves. Finally, concerned visitors to the site may also learn about opportunities for sponsoring a child.

2002-01-01

293

The Effects of Text-Based and Graphics-Based Software Tools on Planning and Organizing of Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the effects of two computer-based writing tools (text-based "FrEd Writer" and graphics-based "Once Upon a Time") on the story-writing skills of nine students (grades four through eight) with language-related learning disabilities. Group results did not clearly favor either tool; however, individual differences suggested that…

Bahr, Christine M.; And Others

1996-01-01

294

Software reuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software reuse is the process of creating software systems from existing software rather than building software systems from scratch. This simple yet powerful vision was introduced in 1968. Software reuse has, however, failed to become a standard software engineering practice. In an attempt to understand why, researchers have renewed their interest in software reuse and in the obstacles to implementing

Charles W. Krueger

1992-01-01

295

Providers' Perspectives on Provision of Family Planning to HIV-Positive Individuals in HIV Care in Nyanza Province, Kenya  

PubMed Central

Objective. To inform an intervention integrating family planning into HIV care, family planning (FP) knowledge, attitudes and practices, and perspectives on integrating FP into HIV care were assessed among healthcare providers in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Methods. Thirty-one mixed-method, structured interviews were conducted among a purposive sample of healthcare workers (HCWs) from 13 government HIV care facilities in Nyanza Province. Structured questions and case scenarios assessed contraceptive knowledge, training, and FP provision experience. Open-ended questions explored perspectives on integration. Data were analyzed descriptively and qualitatively. Results. Of the 31 HCWs interviewed, 45% reported previous FP training. Few providers thought long-acting methods were safe for HIV-positive women (19% viewed depot medroxyprogesterone acetate as safe and 36% viewed implants and intrauterine contraceptives as safe); fewer felt comfortable recommending them to HIV-positive women. Overall, providers supported HIV and family planning integration, yet several potential barriers were identified including misunderstandings about contraceptive safety, gendered power differentials relating to fertility decisions, staff shortages, lack of FP training, and contraceptive shortages. Conclusions. These findings suggest the importance of considering issues such as patient flow, provider burden, commodity supply, gender and cultural issues affecting FP use, and provider training in FP/HIV when designing integrated FP/HIV services in high HIV prevalence areas.

Newmann, Sara J.; Onono, Maricianah; Bukusi, Elizabeth A.; Cohen, Craig R.; Gage, Olivia; Odeny, Rose; Schwartz, Katie D.; Grossman, Daniel

2013-01-01

296

Computer Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the nature and development of computer software. Programing, programing languages, types of software (including dynamic spreadsheets), and software of the future are among the topics considered. (JN)

Kay, Alan

1984-01-01

297

Fastbus software progress  

SciTech Connect

The current status of the Fastbus software development program of the Fastbus Software Working Group is reported, and future plans are discussed. A package of Fastbus interface subroutines has been prepared as a proposed standard, language support for diagnostics and bench testing has been developed, and new documentation to help users find these resources and use them effectively is being written.

Gustavson, D.B.

1982-01-01

298

Personal autonomy in discharge planning decision-making in mentally alert hospitalized elderly individuals: The social workers' perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to understand (a) hospital social workers' perspectives about patients' personal autonomy and self-determination, (b) their experiences, and (c) their beliefs and behaviors. The study used the maximum variation sampling strategy to select hospitals and hospital social work respondents. Individual interviews were conducted with 31 medical\\/surgical and mental health hospital social workers who worked in 13 hospitals.

Beatriz Huaroto Murdock

2003-01-01

299

Intention to work with individuals with dual diagnosis: testing the theory of planned behavior among students from various professions.  

PubMed

Providing holistic care to individuals with the dual diagnosis (DD) of intellectual disability and mental illness is a challenging task that requires the work of various health care specialists. The aim of the current study was to examine the intentions of students from various fields to work with individuals with DD. A questionnaire was completed by 512 social work, occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, special education, and nursing students in Israel to measure students' attitudes toward working with individuals with DD, as well as their perceptions of subjective norms, controllability, and self-efficacy. Structural equation modeling showed that the students' intentions to work with individuals with DD were predicted by their attitudes and perceptions of subjective norms. Controllability was found to negatively affect their behavioral intentions. Furthermore, social work and nursing students were found to have the lowest behavioral intentions. Given the lack of education in the field of DD and the prevailing stigmatic attitudes toward this population, university programs should focus on increasing knowledge, promoting positive contact, and reducing the fear attached to working with people with DD. PMID:23029975

Werner, Shirli

2012-05-01

300

Do the elderly have a voice? Advance care planning discussions with frail and older individuals: a systematic literature review and narrative synthesis  

PubMed Central

Background Recent years have seen marked improvements in end-of-life care, however concerns have been expressed that services are focused on the needs of patients with cancer. This review focuses on conversations about end-of-life care with frail and older people who have no main overriding diagnosis who are estimated to account for around 40% of deaths. Aim To investigate the attitudes of the public and healthcare professionals to advance care planning discussions with frail and older people. Design and setting Systematic literature review and narrative synthesis. Method Articles that related to frail or older individuals and either advance care plans or discussions on end-of-life care were included. Studies of specific conditions or that focused on prognosis, capacity, or resuscitation decisions were excluded. Results While a significant minority of frail older individuals would find them unwelcome, the majority would appreciate the chance to discuss end-of-life care, yet most do not have this opportunity. Attitudes to the timing of these discussions were variable, but most perceived the risk of leaving them too late. Most doctors believed it was their professional responsibility to initiate discussions, but felt limited by time pressures and the absence of a precipitating event. A wide range of barriers were identified including the reluctance of family members to discuss end-of-life care, the passive expectation that someone else would decide on an individual’s behalf, and significant uncertainty concerning future illness and decline. Conclusion The marked disparity between the majority of older individuals who would like the opportunity to discuss their end-of-life care and the minority that currently have this opportunity raises important questions if the wishes of this large group in society are to be respected. The challenge is to find effective ways of encouraging dialogue and choice within the constraints of the current healthcare systems and personal circumstances.

Sharp, Tim; Moran, Emily; Kuhn, Isla; Barclay, Stephen

2013-01-01

301

NASA Software Documentation Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Software Documentation Standard (hereinafter referred to as "Standard") is designed to support the documentation of all software developed for NASA; its goal is to provide a framework and model for recording the essential information needed throughout the development life cycle and maintenance of a software system. The NASA Software Documentation Standard can be applied to the documentation of all NASA software. The Standard is limited to documentation format and content requirements. It does not mandate specific management, engineering, or assurance standards or techniques. This Standard defines the format and content of documentation for software acquisition, development, and sustaining engineering. Format requirements address where information shall be recorded and content requirements address what information shall be recorded. This Standard provides a framework to allow consistency of documentation across NASA and visibility into the completeness of project documentation. The basic framework consists of four major sections (or volumes). The Management Plan contains all planning and business aspects of a software project, including engineering and assurance planning. The Product Specification contains all technical engineering information, including software requirements and design. The Assurance and Test Procedures contains all technical assurance information, including Test, Quality Assurance (QA), and Verification and Validation (V&V). The Management, Engineering, and Assurance Reports is the library and/or listing of all project reports.

1991-01-01

302

Software Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSC 450. Software Engineering (3) Prerequisite: CSC 332 and senior standing. Study of the design and production of large and small software systems. Topics include systems engineering, software life-cycle and characterization; use of software tools. Substantial software project required.

Tagliarini, Gene

2003-04-21

303

NASA software documentation standard software engineering program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Software Documentation Standard (hereinafter referred to as Standard) can be applied to the documentation of all NASA software. This Standard is limited to documentation format and content requirements. It does not mandate specific management, engineering, or assurance standards or techniques. This Standard defines the format and content of documentation for software acquisition, development, and sustaining engineering. Format requirements address where information shall be recorded and content requirements address what information shall be recorded. This Standard provides a framework to allow consistency of documentation across NASA and visibility into the completeness of project documentation. This basic framework consists of four major sections (or volumes). The Management Plan contains all planning and business aspects of a software project, including engineering and assurance planning. The Product Specification contains all technical engineering information, including software requirements and design. The Assurance and Test Procedures contains all technical assurance information, including Test, Quality Assurance (QA), and Verification and Validation (V&V). The Management, Engineering, and Assurance Reports is the library and/or listing of all project reports.

1991-01-01

304

Individualized Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

IntelliWeb and IntelliPrint, products from MicroMass Communications, utilize C Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS), a development and delivery expert systems tool developed at Johnson Space Center. IntelliWeb delivers personalized messages by dynamically creating single web pages or entire web sites based on information provided by each website visitor. IntelliPrint is a product designed to create tailored, individualized messages via printed media. The software uses proprietary technology to generate printed messages that are personally relevant and tailored to meet each individual's needs. Intelliprint is in use in many operations including Brystol-Myers Squibb's personalized newsletter, "Living at Your Best," geared to each recipient based on a health and lifestyle survey taken earlier; and SmithKline Beecham's "Nicorette Committed Quitters Program," in which customized motivational materials support participants in their attempt to quit smoking.

1997-01-01

305

Statistical Software,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article is a detailed discussion of several classes of statistical software including subroutine libraries, software systems, languages and software/hardware combinations. A comparison of a large number of packages is made across 16 classes of statis...

A. R. Hayes E. J. Wegman

1988-01-01

306

Dtest Testing Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software runs a suite of arbitrary software tests spanning various software languages and types of tests (unit level, system level, or file comparison tests). The dtest utility can be set to automate periodic testing of large suites of software, as well as running individual tests. It supports distributing multiple tests over multiple CPU cores, if available. The dtest tool is a utility program (written in Python) that scans through a directory (and its subdirectories) and finds all directories that match a certain pattern and then executes any tests in that directory as described in simple configuration files.

Jain, Abhinandan; Cameron, Jonathan M.; Myint, Steven

2013-01-01

307

Understanding software defect detection in the Personal Software Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a general need to understand software defects and the ability to detect defects during different activities. This is particularly important in relation to software process improvement, where one objective may be to decrease the number of defects. The Personal Software Process (PSP) has gained attention during the last couple of years as a way to individual improvement in

Claes Wohlin; Anders Wesslén

1998-01-01

308

Orbit Software Suite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbit Software Suite is used to support a variety of NASA/DM (Dependable Multiprocessor) mission planning and analysis activities on the IPS (Intrusion Prevention System) platform. The suite of Orbit software tools (Orbit Design and Orbit Dynamics) resides on IPS/Linux workstations, and is used to perform mission design and analysis tasks corresponding to trajectory/ launch window, rendezvous, and proximity operations flight segments. A list of tools in Orbit Software Suite represents tool versions established during/after the Equipment Rehost-3 Project.

Osgood, Cathy; Williams, Kevin; Gentry, Philip; Brownfield, Dana; Hallstrom, John; Stuit, Tim

2012-01-01

309

Deriving models of software fault-proneness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of the software testing process is a key issue for meeting the increasing demand of quality without augmenting the overall costs of software development. The estimation of software fault-proneness is important for assessing costs and quality and thus better planning and tuning the testing process. Unfortunately, no general techniques are available for estimating software fault-proneness and the distribution

Giovanni Denaro; Sandro Morasca; Mauro Pezzè

2002-01-01

310

Plan Tracking Knowledge Base  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creating project plans is a key management activity. Software project managers spend a lot of their time manually gathering data to track software project compliance to plans. This paper describes a knowledge base framework that is created by computer tools that gather information from project files. The framework provides facts to intelligent agents to help managers track compliance to plans.

Dick B. Simmons; Ching-seh Wu

2000-01-01

311

[The Spanish AIDS study group and Spanish national AIDS plan (GESIDA/Secretaría del plan nacional sobre el Sida) recommendations for the treatment of tuberculosis in HIV-infected individuals (Updated January 2013)].  

PubMed

This consensus document was prepared by an expert panel of the Grupo de Estudio de Sida (GESIDA [Spanish AIDS Study Group]) and the Plan Nacional sobre el Sida (PNS [Spanish National AIDS Plan]). The document updates current guidelines on the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in HIV-infected individuals contained in the guidelines on the treatment of opportunistic infections published by GESIDA and PNS in 2008. The document aims to facilitate the management and treatment of HIV-infected patients with TB in Spain, and includes specific sections and recommendations on the treatment of drug-sensitive TB, multidrug-resistant TB, and extensively drug-resistant TB, in this population. The consensus guidelines also make recommendations on the treatment of HIV-infected patients with TB in special situations, such as chronic liver disease, pregnancy, kidney failure, and transplantation. Recommendations are made on the timing and initial regimens of antiretroviral therapy in patients with TB, and on immune reconstitution syndrome in HIV-infected patients with TB who are receiving antiretroviral therapy. The document does not cover the diagnosis of TB, diagnosis/treatment of latent TB, or treatment of TB in children. The quality of the evidence was evaluated and the recommendations graded using the approach of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation Working Group. PMID:23541879

Rivero, Antonio; Pulido, Federico; Caylá, Joan; Iribarren, José A; Miró, José M; Moreno, Santiago; Pérez-Camacho, Inés

2013-12-01

312

Annotated bibliography of Software Engineering Laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is an annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. Nearly 200 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: the Software Engineering Laboratory; the Software Engineering Laboratory: software development documents; software tools; software models; software measurement; technology evaluations; Ada technology; and data collection. This document contains an index of these publications classified by individual author.

Morusiewicz, Linda; Valett, Jon

1993-01-01

313

Annotated bibliography of Software Engineering Laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory is given. More than 100 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: The Software Engineering Laboratory; The Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; Software Tools; Software Models; Software Measurement; Technology Evaluations; Ada Technology; and Data Collection. Subject and author indexes further classify these documents by specific topic and individual author.

Morusiewicz, Linda; Valett, Jon D.

1991-01-01

314

Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory is given. More than 100 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: the Software Engineering Laboratory; the Software Engineering Laboratory-software development documents; software tools; software models; software measurement; technology evaluations; Ada technology; and data collection. Subject and author indexes further classify these documents by specific topic and individual author.

Groves, Paula; Valett, Jon

1990-01-01

315

Quality assurance of medical software.  

PubMed

Quality assurance is a topical issue within the software industry, and various methodological solutions aimed at improving software quality have been proposed. Medical software is generally deemed safety-critical and, as such, should be subject to control procedures exceeding those applicable to general-purpose software. The user/purchaser of medical equipment has an important part to play in the drive for higher-quality medical software, and ways in which the user can influence commercial suppliers are outlined. The implications of existing and planned legislation are also discussed. PMID:8006924

Cosgriff, P S

1994-01-01

316

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Configuration Management Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE configuration management is to assess the activities that results in the process of identifying and defining the baselines associated with the SAPHIRE software product; controlling the changes to baselines and release of baselines throughout the life cycle; recording and reporting the status of baselines and the proposed and actual changes to the baselines; and verifying the correctness and completeness of baselines.. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

Kent Norris

2009-10-01

317

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Configuration Management Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE configuration management is to assess the activities that results in the process of identifying and defining the baselines associated with the SAPHIRE software product; controlling the changes to baselines and release of baselines throughout the life cycle; recording and reporting the status of baselines and the proposed and actual changes to the baselines; and verifying the correctness and completeness of baselines.. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

Kent Norris

2010-02-01

318

Software Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today's software systems generally use obsolete technology, are not integrated properly with other software systems, and are difficult and costly to maintain. The discipline of reverse engineering is becoming prominent as organizations try to move their s...

E. M. Fridge J. Hiott J. Golej A. Plumb

1993-01-01

319

Software Reengineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today's software systems generally use obsolete technology, are not integrated properly with other software systems, and are difficult and costly to maintain. The discipline of reverse engineering is becoming prominent as organizations try to move their s...

E. M. Fridge

1991-01-01

320

Software Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software security is the idea of engineering software so that it continues to function correctly under malicious attack. Most technologists acknowledge this undertaking's importance, but they need some help in understanding how to tackle it. The article aims to provide that help by exploring software security best practices. A central and critical aspect of the computer security problem is a

Gary Mcgraw

2004-01-01

321

Proprietary software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The protection of intellectual property by a patent, a copyright, or trade secrets is reviewed. The present and future use of computers and software are discussed, along with the governmental uses of software. The popularity of contractual agreements for sale or lease of computer programs and software services is also summarized.

Marnock, M. J.

1971-01-01

322

25 CFR 115.425 - What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an individual has...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an... What will we do if we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or an...minor's trust funds? If we find that a distribution plan has not been followed or...

2011-04-01

323

Managers Handbook for Software Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Methods and aids for the management of software development projects are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and experiences with flight dynamics software development. The management aspects of organizing the project, producing a development plan, estimation costs, scheduling, staffing, preparing deliverable documents, using management tools, monitoring the project, conducting reviews, auditing, testing, and certifying are described.

Agresti, W.; Mcgarry, F.; Card, D.; Page, J.; Church, V.; Werking, R.

1984-01-01

324

Perspectives on Open Source Software.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Open source software (OSS) is emerging as the software community's next 'silver bullet' and appears to be playing a significant role in the acquisition and development plans of the Department of Defense (DoD) and industry. Yet, as with all previous silver...

S. Hissam C. B. Weinstock D. Plakosh J. Asundi

2001-01-01

325

Software Testing and Verification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The current issue of the IBM Systems Journal examines many aspects of software testing and verification. This new material contains ten articles written by workers in the IBM Research Division. Some of the papers, such as Testing z/OS, might be specific to IBM operations; however, most can be useful to individuals or companies implementing similar testing strategies. One article in particular discusses three case studies of Orthogonal Defect Classification and how it can be used "to improve software testing." Although the issue cannot be downloaded as a whole, individual papers can be viewed or downloaded in various formats.

2002-01-01

326

NASA's Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft launched that does not have a computer on board that will provide command and control services. There have been recent incidents where software has played a role in high-profile mission failures and hazardous incidents. For example, the Mars Orbiter, Mars Polar Lander, the DART (Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology), and MER (Mars Exploration Rover) Spirit anomalies were all caused or contributed to by software. The Mission Control Centers for the Shuttle, ISS, and unmanned programs are highly dependant on software for data displays, analysis, and mission planning. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been little to no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Meanwhile, academia and private industry have been stepping forward with procedures and standards for safety critical systems and software, for example Dr. Nancy Leveson's book Safeware: System Safety and Computers. The NASA Software Safety Standard, originally published in 1997, was widely ignored due to its complexity and poor organization. It also focused on concepts rather than definite procedural requirements organized around a software project lifecycle. Led by NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard has recently undergone a significant update. This new standard provides the procedures and guidelines for evaluating a project for safety criticality and then lays out the minimum project lifecycle requirements to assure the software is created, operated, and maintained in the safest possible manner. This update of the standard clearly delineates the minimum set of software safety requirements for a project without detailing the implementation for those requirements. This allows the projects leeway to meet these requirements in many forms that best suit a particular project's needs and safety risk. In other words, it tells the project what to do, not how to do it. This update also incorporated advances in the state of the practice of software safety from academia and private industry. It addresses some of the more common issues now facing software developers in the NASA environment such as the use of Commercial-Off-the-Shelf Software (COTS), Modified OTS (MOTS), Government OTS (GOTS), and reused software. A team from across NASA developed the update and it has had both NASA-wide internal reviews by software engineering, quality, safety, and project management. It has also had expert external review. This presentation and paper will discuss the new NASA Software Safety Standard, its organization, and key features. It will start with a brief discussion of some NASA mission failures and incidents that had software as one of their root causes. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Safety Process. This will include an overview of the key personnel responsibilities and functions that must be performed for safety-critical software.

Ramsay, Christopher M.

2007-01-01

327

A Plan for Individualizing Instruction for the Senior Government Class Through Use of Problem Solving Units. Colorado Western States Small Schools Project Documentation (Silverton High School, Silverton, Colorado, 1963-64).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1963-64 school year, a secondary teacher from the rurally isolated area of Silverton, Colorado initiated an individualized program in problem solving for a senior social studies class (N=8-10). Utilizing community resources, the instructor planned several units on government, while the students selected resource materials from the…

Higgs, Norman E.

328

Total Body Irradiation, Toward Optimal Individual Delivery: Dose Evaluation With Metal Oxide Field Effect Transistors, Thermoluminescence Detectors, and a Treatment Planning System  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To predict the three-dimensional dose distribution of our total body irradiation technique, using a commercial treatment planning system (TPS). In vivo dosimetry, using metal oxide field effect transistors (MOSFETs) and thermoluminescence detectors (TLDs), was used to verify the calculated dose distributions. Methods and Materials: A total body computed tomography scan was performed and loaded into our TPS, and a three-dimensional-dose distribution was generated. In vivo dosimetry was performed at five locations on the patient. Entrance and exit dose values were converted to midline doses using conversion factors, previously determined with phantom measurements. The TPS-predicted dose values were compared with the MOSFET and TLD in vivo dose values. Results: The MOSFET and TLD dose values agreed within 3.0% and the MOSFET and TPS data within 0.5%. The convolution algorithm of the TPS, which is routinely applied in the clinic, overestimated the dose in the lung region. Using a superposition algorithm reduced the calculated lung dose by approximately 3%. The dose inhomogeneity, as predicted by the TPS, can be reduced using a simple intensity-modulated radiotherapy technique. Conclusions: The use of a TPS to calculate the dose distributions in individual patients during total body irradiation is strongly recommended. Using a TPS gives good insight of the over- and underdosage in a patient and the influence of patient positioning on dose homogeneity. MOSFETs are suitable for in vivo dosimetry purposes during total body irradiation, when using appropriate conversion factors. The MOSFET, TLD, and TPS results agreed within acceptable margins.

Bloemen-van Gurp, Esther J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Maastro Clinic, GROW, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht (Netherlands)], E-mail: esther.bloemen@maastro.nl; Mijnheer, Ben J.; Verschueren, Tom A.M.; Lambin, Philippe [Department of Radiation Oncology, Maastro Clinic, GROW, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht (Netherlands)

2007-11-15

329

Modernization of software quality assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The customers satisfaction depends not only on functional performance, it also depends on the quality characteristics of the software products. An examination of this quality aspect of software products will provide a clear, well defined framework for quality assurance functions, which improve the life-cycle activities of software development. Software developers must be aware of the following aspects which have been expressed by many quality experts: quality cannot be added on; the level of quality built into a program is a function of the quality attributes employed during the development process; and finally, quality must be managed. These concepts have guided our development of the following definition for a Software Quality Assurance function: Software Quality Assurance is a formal, planned approach of actions designed to evaluate the degree of an identifiable set of quality attributes present in all software systems and their products. This paper is an explanation of how this definition was developed and how it is used.

Bhaumik, Gokul

1988-01-01

330

EQ3/6 software test and verification report 9/94  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Software Test and Verification Report (STVR) for the EQ3/6 suite of codes as stipulated in the Individual Software Plan for Initial Qualification of EQ3/6 (ISP-NF-07, Revision 1, 11/25/92). The software codes, EQPT, EQ3NR, EQ6, and the software library EQLIB constitute the EQ3/6 software package. This software test and verification project for EQ3/6 was started under the requirements of the LLNL Yucca Mountain Project Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP), Revision 0, December 14, 1989, but QP 3.2, Revision 2, June 21, 1994 is now the operative controlling procedure. This is a ``V and V`` report in the language of QP 3.2, Revision 2. Because the author of this report does not have a background in geochemistry, other technical sources were consulted in order to acquire some familiarity with geochemisty, the terminology minology involved, and to review comparable computational methods especially, geochemical aqueous speciation-solubility calculations. The software for the EQ3/6 package consists of approximately 47,000 lines of FORTRAN77 source code and nine on platforms ranging from workstations to supercomputers. The physical control of EQ3/6 software package and documentation is on a SUN SPARC station. Walkthroughs of each principal software packages, EQPT, EQ3NR, and EQ6 were conducted in order to understand the computational procedures involved, to determine any commonality in procedures, and then to establish a plan for the test and verification of EQ3/6. It became evident that all three phases depended upon solving an n x n matrix by the Newton-Raphson Method. Thus, a great deal of emphasis on the test and verification of this procedure was carried out on the first code in the software package EQPT.

Kishi, T.

1996-02-01

331

Software safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

Leveson, Nancy

1987-01-01

332

Software test plan/description/report (STP/STD/STR) for the enhanced logistics intratheater support tool (ELIST) global data segment. Version 8.1.0.0, Database Instance Segment Version 8.1.0.0, ... [elided] and Reference Data Segment Version 8.1.0.0 for Solaris 7  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Software Test Plan/Description/Report (STP/STD/STR) for the DII COE Enhanced Logistics Intratheater Support Tool (ELIST) mission application. It combines in one document the information normally presented separately in a Software Test Plan, a Software Test Description, and a Software Test Report; it also presents this information in one place for all the segments of the ELIST mission application. The primary purpose of this document is to show that ELIST has been tested by the developer and found, by that testing, to install, deinstall, and work properly. The information presented here is detailed enough to allow the reader to repeat the testing independently. The remainder of this document is organized as follows. Section 1.1 identifies the ELIST mission application. Section 2 is the list of all documents referenced in this document. Section 3, the Software Test Plan, outlines the testing methodology and scope--the latter by way of a concise summary of the tests performed. Section 4 presents detailed descriptions of the tests, along with the expected and observed results; that section therefore combines the information normally found in a Software Test Description and a Software Test Report. The remaining small sections present supplementary information. Throughout this document, the phrase ELIST IP refers to the Installation Procedures (IP) for the Enhanced Logistics Intratheater Support Tool (ELIST) Global Data Segment, Database Instance Segment, Database Fill Segment, Database Segment, Database Utility Segment, Software Segment, and Reference Data Segment.

Dritz, K.; Absil-Mills, M.; Jacobs, K.

2002-03-06

333

The PANIC software system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PANIC is the Panoramic Near Infrared Camera for the 2.2m and 3.5m telescopes at Calar Alto observatory. The aim of the project is to build a wide-field general purpose NIR camera. In this paper we describe the software system of the instrument, which comprises four main packages: GEIRS for the instrument control and the data acquisition; the Observation Tool (OT), the software used for detailed definition and pre-planning the observations, developed in Java; the Quick Look tool (PQL) for easy inspection of the data in real-time and a scientific pipeline (PAPI), both based on the Python programming language.

Ibáñez Mengual, José M.; Fernández, Matilde; Rodríguez Gómez, Julio F.; García Segura, Antonio J.; Storz, Clemens

2010-07-01

334

Software Design Improvements. Part 1; Software Benefits and Limitations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer hardware and associated software have been used for many years to process accounting information, to analyze test data and to perform engineering analysis. Now computers and software also control everything from automobiles to washing machines and the number and type of applications are growing at an exponential rate. The size of individual program has shown similar growth. Furthermore, software and hardware are used to monitor and/or control potentially dangerous products and safety-critical systems. These uses include everything from airplanes and braking systems to medical devices and nuclear plants. The question is: how can this hardware and software be made more reliable? Also, how can software quality be improved? What methodology needs to be provided on large and small software products to improve the design and how can software be verified?

Lalli, Vincent R.; Packard, Michael H.; Ziemianski, Tom

1997-01-01

335

Software for timescale applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes some of the design considerations behind the timescale transformation software provided by the International Astronomical Union's SOFA collaboration. The solution adopted by SOFA includes two-part Julian dates, to safeguard precision, and individual treatment of specific transformations, rather than a single general-purpose routine. Correct handling of UTC leap seconds was a particular challenge.

Wallace, P. T.

2011-08-01

336

Software for timescale applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes some of the design considerations behind the timescale transformation software provided by the International Astronomical Union's SOFA collaboration. The solution adopted by SOFA includes two-part Julian dates, to safeguard precision, and individual treatment of specific transformations, rather than a single general-purpose routine. Correct handling of UTC leap seconds was a particular challenge.

P. T. Wallace

2011-01-01

337

Software for the EVLA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) project is the next generation instrument for high resolution long-millimeter to short-meter wavelength radio astronomy. It is currently funded by NSF, with completion scheduled for 2012. The EVLA will upgrade the VLA with new feeds, receivers, data transmission hardware, correlator, and a new software system to enable the instrument to achieve its full potential. This software includes both that required for controlling and monitoring the instrument and that involved with the scientific dataflow. We concentrate here on a portion of the dataflow software, including: proposal preparation, submission, and handling; observation preparation, scheduling, and remote monitoring; data archiving; and data post-processing, including both automated (pipeline) and manual processing. The primary goals of the software are: to maximize the scientific return of the EVLA; provide ease of use, for both novices and experts; exploit commonality amongst all NRAO telescopes where possible. This last point is both a bane and a blessing: we are not at liberty to do whatever we want in the software, but on the other hand we may borrow from other projects (notably ALMA and GBT) where appropriate. The software design methodology includes detailed initial use-cases and requirements from the scientists, intimate interaction between the scientists and the programmers during design and implementation, and a thorough testing and acceptance plan.

Butler, Bryan J.; van Moorsel, Gustaaf; Tody, Doug

2004-09-01

338

Automated Sequence Generation Process and Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

"Automated sequence generation" (autogen) signifies both a process and software used to automatically generate sequences of commands to operate various spacecraft. The autogen software comprises the autogen script plus the Activity Plan Generator (APGEN) program. APGEN can be used for planning missions and command sequences.

Gladden, Roy

2007-01-01

339

A methodology for software cost estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software Cost Estimation is an empirical process to be applied to find out basically the effort and development time requirements for the software product which is going to be developed. The process starts with the planning phase activities and refined throughout the development. It is very important for managing and scheduling the software project. Various cost estimation methods are available

Ali Arifoglu

1993-01-01

340

Software process simulation for reliability management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the use of a process simulator to support software project planning and management. The modeling approach here focuses on software reliability, but is just as applicable to other software quality factors, as well as to cost and schedule factors. The process simulator was developed as a part of a decision support system for assisting project managers in

Ioana Rus; James S. Collofello; Peter Lakey

1999-01-01

341

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents reviews of six computer software programs for teaching science. Provides the publisher, grade level, cost, and descriptions of software, including: (1) "Recycling Logic"; (2) "Introduction to Biochemistry"; (3) "Food for Thought"; (4) "Watts in a Home"; (5) "Geology in Action"; and (6) "Biomes." All are for Apple series microcomputers.…

Wulfson, Stephen

1988-01-01

342

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three computer software: (1) "Elastic Lines: The Electronic Geoboard" on elementary geometry; (2) "Wildlife Adventures: Whales" on environmental science; and (3) "What Do You Do with a Broken Calculator?" on computation and problem solving. Summarizes the descriptions, strengths and weaknesses, and applications of each software. (YP)

Bitter, Gary G., Ed.

1990-01-01

343

Software Management Environment (SME): Components and algorithms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document presents the components and algorithms of the Software Management Environment (SME), a management tool developed for the Software Engineering Branch (Code 552) of the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD) of the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The SME provides an integrated set of visually oriented experienced-based tools that can assist software development managers in managing and planning software development projects. This document describes and illustrates the analysis functions that underlie the SME's project monitoring, estimation, and planning tools. 'SME Components and Algorithms' is a companion reference to 'SME Concepts and Architecture' and 'Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) Relationships, Models, and Management Rules.'

Hendrick, Robert; Kistler, David; Valett, Jon

1994-01-01

344

Analyzing Software Piracy in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the controversy of software piracy in education. It begins with a real world scenario that presents the setting and context of the problem. The legalities and background of software piracy are explained and true court cases are briefly examined. Discussion then focuses on explaining why individuals and organizations pirate…

Lesisko, Lee James

345

Educational Management through Microcomputer Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine whether business software packages (word processing, financial management, data management, graphics, statistical, or multi-functional integrated software packages with business applications) are effective tools for public service professionals (educators and government workers) when applied directly to individuals' daily…

Gander, Sharon L.

346

Gender and Age Differences in Employee Decisions About New Technology: An Extension to the Theory of Planned Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research extends the theory of planned behavior by incorporating gender and age as moderators of user perceptions and individual adoption and sustained use of technology in the workplace. Individual reactions and technology use behavior were studied over a six-month period among 342 workers being introduced to a new software technology application. While previous studies in the literature have reported

Michael G. Morris; Viswanath Venkatesh; Phillip L. Ackerman

2005-01-01

347

Streamlining Collaborative Planning in Spacecraft Mission Architectures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the past two decades, the planning and scheduling community has substantially increased the capability and efficiency of individual planning and scheduling systems. Relatively recently, research work to streamline collaboration between planning systems is gaining attention. Spacecraft missions stand to benefit substantially from this work as they require the coordination of multiple planning organizations and planning systems. Up to the present time this coordination has demanded a great deal of human intervention and/or extensive custom software development efforts. This problem will become acute with increased requirements for cross-mission plan coordination and multi -spacecraft mission planning. The Advanced Architectures and Automation Branch of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center is taking innovative steps to define collaborative planning architectures, and to identify coordinated planning tools for Cross-Mission Campaigns. Prototypes are being developed to validate these architectures and assess the usefulness of the coordination tools by the planning community. This presentation will focus on one such planning coordination too], named Visual Observation Layout Tool (VOLT), which is currently being developed to streamline the coordination between astronomical missions

Misra, Dhariti; Bopf, Michel; Fishman, Mark; Jones, Jeremy; Kerbel, Uri; Pell, Vince

2000-01-01

348

Relay Sequence Generation Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Due to thermal and electromagnetic interactivity between the UHF (ultrahigh frequency) radio onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), which performs relay sessions with the Martian landers, and the remainder of the MRO payloads, it is required to integrate and de-conflict relay sessions with the MRO science plan. The MRO relay SASF/PTF (spacecraft activity sequence file/ payload target file) generation software facilitates this process by generating a PTF that is needed to integrate the periods of time during which MRO supports relay activities with the rest of the MRO science plans. The software also generates the needed command products that initiate the relay sessions, some features of which are provided by the lander team, some are managed by MRO internally, and some being derived.

Gladden, Roy E.; Khanampompan, Teerapat

2009-01-01

349

Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography is presented of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. The bibliography was updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials were grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: (1) The Software Engineering Laboratory; (2) The Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; (3) Software Tools; (4) Software Models; (5) Software Measurement; (6) Technology Evaluations; (7) Ada Technology; and (8) Data Collection. Subject and author indexes further classify these documents by specific topic and individual author.

Buhler, Melanie; Valett, Jon

1989-01-01

350

Statistical Software, Software and Astronomy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper discusses statistical, data analytic and related software that is useful in the realm of astronomy and spaces sciences. The paper does not seek to be comprehensive, but rather to present a cross section of software used by practicing statistici...

E. J. Wegman D. B. Carr R. D. King J. J. Miller W. L. Poston

1996-01-01

351

Analysis Software.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

General Purpose Boundary Element Solution Technology (GPBEST) software employs the boundary element method of mechanical engineering analysis, as opposed to finite element. It is, according to one of its developers, 10 times faster in data preparation and...

1994-01-01

352

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are three computer software packages including "Martin Luther King, Jr.: Instant Replay of History,""Weeds to Trees," and "The New Print Shop, School Edition." Discussed are hardware requirements, costs, grade levels, availability, emphasis, strengths, and weaknesses. (CW)

Classroom Computer Learning, 1990

1990-01-01

353

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are seven software packages for Apple and IBM computers. Included are: "Toxicology"; "Science Corner: Space Probe"; "Alcohol and Pregnancy"; "Science Tool Kit Plus"; Computer Investigations: Plant Growth"; "Climatrolls"; and "Animal Watch: Whales." (CW)

Dwyer, Donna; And Others

1989-01-01

354

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents reviews by classroom teachers of software for teaching science. Includes material on the work of geologists, genetics, earth science, classification of living things, astronomy, endangered species, skeleton, drugs, and heartbeat. Provides information on availability and equipment needed. (RT)

Wulfson, Eugene T., Ed.

1988-01-01

355

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a variety of computer software. Subjects reviewed include history simulations and wordprocessing programs. Some of the eleven packages reviewed are Thog, North Utilities, HBJ Writer, Textra, Pro-cite, and Simulation Construction Kit. (BSR)

Slatta, Richard W. And Others

1987-01-01

356

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a review of four science software programs. Includes topics such as plate tectonics, laboratory experiment simulations, the human body, and light and temperature. Contains information on ordering and reviewers' comments. (ML)

Wulfson, Stephen, Ed.

1987-01-01

357

Software agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper, we discuss these questions and describe someemerging technologies that provide answers. In the final section, we mention some additionalissues and summarize the key points of the paper. (For more information onagent-based software engineering, see [Genesereth 1989] and [Genesereth 1992]. See also[Shoham 1993] for a description of a variation of agent-based software engineering knownas "agent-oriented programming".)2. Agent Communication Language

Michael R. Genesereth; Steven P. Ketchpel

1994-01-01

358

Gemini Planet Imager autonomous software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) is an "extreme" adaptive optics coronagraph system that will have the ability to directly detect and characterize young Jovian-mass exoplanets. The design of this instrument involves eight principal institutions geographically spread across North America, with four of those sites writing software that must run seamlessly together while maintaining autonomous behaviour. The objective of the software teams is to provide Gemini with a unified software system that not only performs well but also is easy to maintain. Issues such as autonomous behaviour in a unified environment, common memory to share status and information, examples of how this is being implemented, plans for early software integration and testing, command hierarchy, plans for common documentation and updates are explored in this paper. The project completed its preliminary design phase in 2007, and has just recently completed its critical design phase.

Dunn, Jennifer; Wooff, Robert; Smith, Malcolm; Kerley, Dan; Palmer, Dave; Jones, Steve; Weiss, Jason; Angione, John; Graham, James R.

2008-08-01

359

Louisiana State Performance Plan--Part B. July 1, 2005-June 30, 2011. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Educational Improvement Act of 2004. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Louisiana developed a time frame for compiling the State Performance Plan with as much opportunity for broad stakeholder input as possible before the required submission date. Bearing in mind the requirements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation, Louisiana's Steering Committee projected performance targets through the year 2014 for the…

White, John

2012-01-01

360

Software Process Assessment for Small Software Shops.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Software process assessment is rapidly becoming an important technique for improving software development within organizations. The maturity framework is the basis for the Software Engineering Institute's (SEI) Software Process Assessment (SPA), which has...

J. P. Rich A. Cooper

1991-01-01

361

Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) : appraisal method for the implementation of the ASC software quality engineering practices: Version 1.0.  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a guide to the process of conducting software appraisals under the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) ASC Program. The goal of this document is to describe a common methodology for planning, conducting, and reporting results of software appraisals thereby enabling: development of an objective baseline on implementation of the software quality engineering (SQE) practices identified in the ASC Software Quality Plan across the ASC Program; feedback from project teams on SQE opportunities for improvement; identification of strengths and opportunities for improvement for individual project teams; guidance to the ASC Program on the focus of future SQE activities Document contents include process descriptions, templates to promote consistent conduct of appraisals, and an explanation of the relationship of this procedure to the SNL ASC software program.

Turgeon, Jennifer; Minana, Molly A.

2008-02-01

362

Software engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Today's software systems generally use obsolete technology, are not integrated properly with other software systems, and are difficult and costly to maintain. The discipline of reverse engineering is becoming prominent as organizations try to move their systems up to more modern and maintainable technology in a cost effective manner. The Johnson Space Center (JSC) created a significant set of tools to develop and maintain FORTRAN and C code during development of the space shuttle. This tool set forms the basis for an integrated environment to reengineer existing code into modern software engineering structures which are then easier and less costly to maintain and which allow a fairly straightforward translation into other target languages. The environment will support these structures and practices even in areas where the language definition and compilers do not enforce good software engineering. The knowledge and data captured using the reverse engineering tools is passed to standard forward engineering tools to redesign or perform major upgrades to software systems in a much more cost effective manner than using older technologies. The latest release of the environment was in Feb. 1992.

Fridge, Ernest M., III; Hiott, Jim; Golej, Jim; Plumb, Allan

1993-01-01

363

Software reengineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Today's software systems generally use obsolete technology, are not integrated properly with other software systems, and are difficult and costly to maintain. The discipline of reverse engineering is becoming prominent as organizations try to move their systems up to more modern and maintainable technology in a cost effective manner. JSC created a significant set of tools to develop and maintain FORTRAN and C code during development of the Space Shuttle. This tool set forms the basis for an integrated environment to re-engineer existing code into modern software engineering structures which are then easier and less costly to maintain and which allow a fairly straightforward translation into other target languages. The environment will support these structures and practices even in areas where the language definition and compilers do not enforce good software engineering. The knowledge and data captured using the reverse engineering tools is passed to standard forward engineering tools to redesign or perform major upgrades to software systems in a much more cost effective manner than using older technologies. A beta vision of the environment was released in Mar. 1991. The commercial potential for such re-engineering tools is very great. CASE TRENDS magazine reported it to be the primary concern of over four hundred of the top MIS executives.

Fridge, Ernest M., III

1991-01-01

364

The practical use of an interactive visualization and planning tool for intervention planning in particle accelerator environments with ionizing radiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A core issue during the planning of a maintenance intervention in a facility with ionizing radiation is the minimization of the integrated equivalent dose contracted by the maintenance workers during the intervention. In this work, we explore the use of a technical-scientific software program facilitating the intervention planning in irradiated environments using sound mathematical concepts. We show how the software can be used in planning future operations using a case studies: the decommissioning of a beam dump for a linear 160 MeV H- accelerator. Interactive visualization of the facilities and radiation levels, as well as tools for interactive trajectory planning are explored, as well as automatic calculation of the expected integrated individual dose contracted during an intervention.

Fabry, Thomas; Blaha, Jan; Vanherpe, Liesbeth; Braesch, Christian; Tabourot, Laurent; Feral, Bruno

2014-04-01

365

Social Individualism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships between individuals and society have often been presented from the perspective of the social institution. Social psychology has addressed the variables that affect the individual in relationships with larger groups. Social individualism is a conceptual framework that explores the relationship of the individual and society from the…

Cornille, Thomas A.; Harrigan, John

366

MONITORING AND CONTROLLING SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software development projects are seldom able to be planned so accurately that the plans predict exactly what will happen during the project. Project managers must monitor the project and make changes either to the project's activities or to the plan itself. Yet much of the project management literature gives only cursory attention to the problem of monitoring and controlling the

Tom McBride

367

Antiterrorist Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In light of the escalation of terrorism, the Department of Defense spearheaded the development of new antiterrorist software for all Government agencies by issuing a Broad Agency Announcement to solicit proposals. This Government-wide competition resulted in a team that includes NASA Lewis Research Center's Computer Services Division, who will develop the graphical user interface (GUI) and test it in their usability lab. The team launched a program entitled Joint Sphere of Security (JSOS), crafted a design architecture (see the following figure), and is testing the interface. This software system has a state-ofthe- art, object-oriented architecture, with a main kernel composed of the Dynamic Information Architecture System (DIAS) developed by Argonne National Laboratory. DIAS will be used as the software "breadboard" for assembling the components of explosions, such as blast and collapse simulations.

Clark, David A.

1998-01-01

368

Coming Out Among Lesbians, Gays, and Bisexual Individuals in Hong Kong: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior and the Moderating Role of Attitudinal Ambivalence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study applied the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to identify factors associated with disclosure intention among\\u000a lesbians (n?=?236), gay men (n?=?183), bisexual women (n?=?156), and bisexual men (n?=?46) (LGBs) in Hong Kong. Past disclosure behavior and the moderating role of attitudinal ambivalence were also examined.\\u000a Findings showed that perceived behavioral control predicted intention significantly in all four groups.

Winnie W. S. Mak; Ah Chit Ng; Phoenix K. H. Mo; Eddie S. K. Chong

2010-01-01

369

Aviation Design Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

DARcorporation developed a General Aviation CAD package through a Small Business Innovation Research contract from Langley Research Center. This affordable, user-friendly preliminary design system for General Aviation aircraft runs on the popular 486 IBM-compatible personal computers. Individuals taking the home-built approach, small manufacturers of General Aviation airplanes, as well as students and others interested in the analysis and design of aircraft are possible users of the package. The software can cut design and development time in half.

1997-01-01

370

Software faults, software failures and software reliability modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

As our understanding of the software development process improves, it is becoming clear that embedded faults are not placed in the software by random processes known only to nature. The location of these faults is closely related to measurable software complexity attributes. This paper describes the processes whereby software complexity metrics may be used to identify regions of software that

John C. Munson

1996-01-01

371

A Model-Integrated Approach to Implementing Individualized Patient Care Plans Based on Guideline-Driven Clinical Decision Support and Process Management - A Progress Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standardizing the care of patients with complex problems in hospital settings is a challenge for physicians, nurses and other medical professionals. In acute care settings such as intensive care units, the inherent problems of stabilizing and improving vital patient parameters is complicated by the division of responsibilities among different individuals and teams. The use of evidence-based guidelines for managing complex

Jason B. Martin; Janos L. Mathe; Peter Miller; Akos Ledeczi; Liza Weavind; Anne Miller; David J. Maron; Andras Nadas; Janos Sztipanovits

2008-01-01

372

Know Your Software Options.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advice on how to find the best software for institutional needs is presented. Purchasing prewritten software, acquiring custom-written software, and improving ready-made software are discussed. Questions to ask before buying software are provided. (MLW)

Moxley, Doug

1986-01-01

373

Software for Simulating Air Traffic  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future Air Traffic Management Concepts Evaluation Tool (FACET) is a system of software for performing computational simulations for evaluating advanced concepts of advanced air-traffic management. FACET includes a program that generates a graphical user interface plus programs and databases that implement computational models of weather, airspace, airports, navigation aids, aircraft performance, and aircraft trajectories. Examples of concepts studied by use of FACET include aircraft self-separation for free flight; prediction of air-traffic-controller workload; decision support for direct routing; integration of spacecraft-launch operations into the U.S. national airspace system; and traffic- flow-management using rerouting, metering, and ground delays. Aircraft can be modeled as flying along either flight-plan routes or great-circle routes as they climb, cruise, and descend according to their individual performance models. The FACET software is modular and is written in the Java and C programming languages. The architecture of FACET strikes a balance between flexibility and fidelity; as a consequence, FACET can be used to model systemwide airspace operations over the contiguous U.S., involving as many as 10,000 aircraft, all on a single desktop or laptop computer running any of a variety of operating systems. Two notable applications of FACET include: (1) reroute conformance monitoring algorithms that have been implemented in one of the Federal Aviation Administration s nationally deployed, real-time, operational systems; and (2) the licensing and integration of FACET with the commercially available Flight Explorer, which is an Internet- based, real-time flight-tracking system.

Sridhar, Banavar; Bilimoria, Karl; Grabbe, Shon; Chatterji, Gano; Sheth, Kapil; Mulfinger, Daniel

2006-01-01

374

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reprinted from "The Computing Teacher," this document contains software reviews for 23 computer programs that educators could use in the classroom or for administrative purposes. Each review describes the program by listing the program title, subject, producer, grade level (if applicable), hardware required, cost, and reviewer's name and…

Computing Teacher, 1985

1985-01-01

375

Reviews: Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four computer software packages including: "The Physical Science Series: Sound" which demonstrates making waves, speed of sound, doppler effect, and human hearing; "Andromeda" depicting celestial motions in any direction; "Biology Quiz: Humans" covering chemistry, cells, viruses, and human biology; and "MacStronomy" covering information on…

Mackenzie, Norma N.; And Others

1988-01-01

376

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides extensive reviews of computer software, examining documentation, ease of use, performance, error handling, special features, and system requirements. Includes statistics, problem-solving (TK Solver), label printing, database management, experimental psychology, Encyclopedia Britannica biology, and DNA-sequencing programs. A program for…

Science Software Quarterly, 1984

1984-01-01

377

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes computer software for use with various age groups. Topics include activities involving temperature, simulations, earth science, the circulatory system, human body, reading in science, and ecology. Provides information on equipment needed, availability, package contents, and price. Comments of reviews are presented by classroom teachers.…

Mackenzie, Norma N.; And Others

1988-01-01

378

Free Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection, created by John McClain of Cornell University, of macros for Microsoft Excel addresses numerous topics like decision trees, the Central Limit Theorem, queueing, critical path analysis, regression with prediction intervals, and recognizing departures from normality. There are eighteen different macros to choose from. This software requires the user to possess a copy of Microsoft Excel for proper use.

Mcclain, John

2009-08-27

379

Educational Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third session of IT@EDU98 consisted of five papers on educational software and was chaired by Tran Van Hao (University of Education, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam). "Courseware Engineering" (Nguyen Thanh Son, Ngo Ngoc Bao Tran, Quan Thanh Tho, Nguyen Hong Lam) briefly describes the use of courseware. "Machine Discovery Theorems in Geometry: A…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

380

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are two computer software programs for Apple II computers on weather for upper elementary and middle school grades. "Weather" introduces the major factors (temperature, humidity, wind, and air pressure) affecting weather. "How Weather Works" uses simulation and auto-tutorial formats on sun, wind, fronts, clouds, and storms. (YP)

McGrath, Diane, Ed.

1989-01-01

381

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews two software packages, "Solutions Unlimited" and "BASIC Data Base System." Provides a description, summary, strengths and weaknesses, availability and costs. Includes reviews of three structured BASIC packages: "True BASIC (2.0)"; "Turbo BASIC (1.0)"; and "QuickBASIC (3.0)." Explains significant features such as graphics, costs,…

Smith, Richard L., Ed.

1988-01-01

382

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four educational software packages for Apple, IBM, and Tandy computers. Includes "How the West was One + Three x Four,""Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing,""Math and Me," and "Write On." Reviews list hardware requirements, emphasis, levels, publisher, purchase agreements, and price. Discusses the strengths and weaknesses for each package. (CW)

Kinnaman, Daniel E.; And Others

1988-01-01

383

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are three computer software programs: the Astronomer (astronomy program for middle school students and older); Hands-on-Statistics: Explorations with a Microcomputer (statistics program for secondary school students and older); and CATGEN (a genetics program for secondary school students and older). Each review provides information on:…

Smith, Richard L., Ed.

1987-01-01

384

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are two computer software packages: "Super Solvers Midnight Rescue!" a problem-solving program for IBM PCs; and "Interactive Physics," a simulation program for the Macintosh computer. The functions of the package are discussed including strengths and weaknesses and teaching suggestions. (CW)

Classroom Computer Learning, 1990

1990-01-01

385

Software Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed is a computer software package entitled "Audubon Wildlife Adventures: Grizzly Bears" for Apple II and IBM microcomputers. Included are availability, hardware requirements, cost, and a description of the program. The murder-mystery flavor of the program is stressed in this program that focuses on illegal hunting and game management. (CW)

McGrath, Diane, Ed.

1989-01-01

386

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed are seven computer software packages for IBM and/or Apple Computers. Included are "Windows on Science: Volume 1--Physical Science"; "Science Probe--Physical Science"; "Wildlife Adventures--Grizzly Bears"; "Science Skills--Development Programs"; "The Clean Machine"; "Rock Doctor"; and "Geology Search." Cost, quality, hardware, and…

Science and Children, 1990

1990-01-01

387

Software Patterns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It is an articulation of the principles, values,and practices behind the pattern discipline. It is organized around a body of dozens of example patterns.It covers a wide range of topics ranging from pattern forms, to pattern languages, to the history of software patterns and pattern ethics. (UNC E-Learning Grant)

2007-01-23

388

Software Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains evaluations of two computer software packages, "Simulation Experiments 45-48 in Epstein's Laboratory Manual for Chemistry" and "Maps and Legends--the Cartographer (Ver 3.0)." Includes a brief description, applications, and the perceived strengths and weaknesses for each package. (CW)

Smith, Richard L., Ed.

1988-01-01

389

Software Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three main ways information on a school's software collection may be organized for access by school personnel to maximize its use--annotated lists, keyword database searching, and cataloging for inclusion in card catalog. The basic steps of data collection, storage, and retrieval required for all three methods are outlined. (MBR)

Roland, Leon

1985-01-01

390

Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is an annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. Nearly 200 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: (1) The Software Engineering Laboratory; (2) The Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; (3) Software Tools; (4) Software Models; (5) Software Measurement; (6) Technology Evaluations; (7) Ada Technology; and (8) Data Collection. This document contains an index of these publications classified by individual author.

Kistler, David; Bristow, John; Smith, Don

1994-01-01

391

Honeywell Modular Automation System Computer Software Documentation  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Computer Software Document (CSWD) is to provide configuration control of the Honeywell Modular Automation System (MAS) in use at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). This CSWD describes hardware and PFP developed software for control of stabilization furnaces. The Honeywell software can generate configuration reports for the developed control software. These reports are described in the following section and are attached as addendum's. This plan applies to PFP Engineering Manager, Thermal Stabilization Cognizant Engineers, and the Shift Technical Advisors responsible for the Honeywell MAS software/hardware and administration of the Honeywell System.

STUBBS, A.M.

2000-12-04

392

Software-Engineering Process Simulation (SEPS) model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Software Engineering Process Simulation (SEPS) model is described which was developed at JPL. SEPS is a dynamic simulation model of the software project development process. It uses the feedback principles of system dynamics to simulate the dynamic interactions among various software life cycle development activities and management decision making processes. The model is designed to be a planning tool to examine tradeoffs of cost, schedule, and functionality, and to test the implications of different managerial policies on a project's outcome. Furthermore, SEPS will enable software managers to gain a better understanding of the dynamics of software project development and perform postmodern assessments.

Lin, C. Y.; Abdel-Hamid, T.; Sherif, J. S.

1992-01-01

393

Programming Makes Software; Support Makes Users  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Skilled software engineers may build fantastic software for climate modeling, yet fail to achieve their project’s objectives. Software support and related activities are just as critical as writing software. This study followed three different software projects in the climate sciences, using interviews, observation, and document analysis to examine the value added by support work. Supporting the project and interacting with users was a key task for software developers, who often spent 50% of their time on it. Such support work most often involved replying to questions on an email list, but also included talking to users on teleconference calls and in person. Software support increased adoption by building the software’s reputation and showing individuals how the software can meet their needs. In the process of providing support, developers often learned new of requirements as users reported features they desire and bugs they found. As software matures and gains widespread use, support work often increases. In fact, such increases can be one signal that the software has achieved broad acceptance. Maturing projects also find demand for instructional classes, online tutorials and detailed examples of how to use the software. The importance of support highlights the fact that building software systems involves both social and technical aspects. Yes, we need to build the software, but we also need to “build” the users and practices that can take advantage of it.

Batcheller, A. L.

2010-12-01

394

Application of Software Design Principles and Debugging Methods to an Analgesia Prescription Reduces Risk of Severe Injury From Medical Use of Opioids  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prescription is a health-care program implemented by a physician or other qualified practitioner in the form of instructions that govern the plan of care for an individual patient. Although the algorithmic nature of prescriptions is axiomatic, this insight has not been applied systematically to medication safety. We used software design principles and debugging methods to create a “Patient-oriented Prescription

SM Belknap; H Moore; SA Lanzotti; PR Yarnold; M Getz; DL Deitrick; A Peterson; J Akeson; T Maurer; RC Soltysik; GA Storm; I Brooks

2008-01-01

395

CLARAty Functional-Layer Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Functional-layer software for the Coupled Layer Architecture for Robotics Autonomy (CLARAty) is being developed. [CLARAty was described in Coupled-Layer Architecture for Advanced Software for Robots (NPO-21218), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 26, No. 12 (December 2002), page 48. To recapitulate: CLARAty was proposed to improve the modularity of robotic software while tightening the coupling between planning/execution and control subsystems. Whereas prior robotic software architectures have typically contained three levels, the CLARAty architecture contains two layers: a decision layer and a functional layer.] Just as an operating system provides abstraction from computational hardware, the CLARAty functional-layer software provides for abstraction for the different robotic systems. The functional-layer software establishes interrelated, object-oriented hierarchies that contain active and passive objects that represent the different levels of system abstrations and components. The functional-layer software is decomposed into a set of reusable core components and a set of extended components that adapt the reusable set to specific hardware implementations. The reusable components (a) provide behavior and interface definitions and implementations of basic functionality, (b) provide local executive capabilities, (c) manage local resources, and (d) support state and resource queries by the decision layer. Software for robotic systems can be built by use of these components.

Nesnas, Issa; Volpe, Richard; Das, Hari; Mutz, Darren; Petras, Richard; Estlin, Tara

2003-01-01

396

Reducing the complexity of software systems - A strategic software perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a combined management and technical initiative aimed at reducing the size and complexity associated with developing operations planning, scheduling, and resource management software systems are presented. The initiative has produced operations concepts, functional requirements, system architectures, a comprehensive lexicon, and software tools to revolutionize the traditional software technology and development practices for planning, scheduling, and resource management systems used in space operations control centers. Examples of technology and practices to reduce complexity include a method for projecting design consequences from an operations concept, a universal architecture for heuristic algorithms, an object-oriented framework for describing large classes of problems that parametrically adapt to all domain peculiarities, the identification of general approaches which respond to changes with minimum impact on systems implementations, and a management structure for prototyping to minimize the risks of ill-conceived designs.

Hornstein, Rhoda S.

1992-01-01

397

75 FR 16817 - Meeting for Software Developers on the Technical Specifications for Common Formats for Patient...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Healthcare Research and Quality Meeting for Software Developers on the Technical Specifications...as an interactive forum where PSOs and software developers can provide input on these...specifications, which provide direction to software developers that plan to implement...

2010-04-02

398

Lesson Plans Inc: Biology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson Plans Inc. is a science curriculum resource for teachers of high-school science, currently offering lesson plans and software for biology. "Lesson plans" include experiments, labs, and other activities; syllabi; projects; worksheets and homework; and quizzes and exams. The resources focus on different learning styles (auditory, visual, kinesthetic, and tactile) and are aligned to California state standards. Registration, which is free, provides access to all lesson plans, and enables members to rate and comment on lessons and post their own lessons and best practices. Videos, 3-D animations, and software are available with paid subscription.

399

ERP Software Implementation Best Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the perceptions of chief financial and information officers of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software implementation best practices. Usable responses from 159 respondents show consensus for the most part between the perceptions of the two groups and describe some best practices that represent common ground. (SLD)

Frantz, Pollyanne S.; Southerland, Arthur R.; Johnson, James T.

2002-01-01

400

Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

2004-01-01

401

Software system safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software itself is not hazardous, but since software and hardware share common interfaces there is an opportunity for software to create hazards. Further, these software systems are complex, and proven methods for the design, analysis, and measurement of software safety are not yet available. Some past software failures, future NASA software trends, software engineering methods, and tools and techniques for various software safety analyses are reviewed. Recommendations to NASA are made based on this review.

Uber, James G.

1988-01-01

402

Information Security Course: Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Material covering Software: Flaws and malware, buffer overflows, viruses and worms, software reverse engineering, digital rights management, secure software development, and operating systems security

Segura, Eduardo

2007-04-16

403

BudPro — Budget Projection Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural producers need to develop marketing plans. A major component of a marketing plan is an estimate of the price necessary to cover all costs based on expected yields (break-even price). BudPro is designed to help agricultural produc- ers with this estimation. The BudPro for Windows software includes one program for all crops and one for stocker cattle. The software

Stan Bevers; Jackie Smith; David Rempe

404

Manager's handbook for software development, revision 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Methods and aids for the management of software development projects are presented. The recommendations are based on analyses and experiences of the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) with flight dynamics software development. The management aspects of the following subjects are described: organizing the project, producing a development plan, estimating costs, scheduling, staffing, preparing deliverable documents, using management tools, monitoring the project, conducting reviews, auditing, testing, and certifying.

1990-01-01

405

Avionics Simulation, Development and Software Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During this reporting period, all technical responsibilities were accomplished as planned. A close working relationship was maintained with personnel of the MSFC Avionics Department Software Group (ED14), the MSFC EXPRESS Project Office (FD31), and the Huntsville Boeing Company. Accomplishments included: performing special tasks; supporting Software Review Board (SRB), Avionics Test Bed (ATB), and EXPRESS Software Control Panel (ESCP) activities; participating in technical meetings; and coordinating issues between the Boeing Company and the MSFC Project Office.

2002-01-01

406

Software Management Environment (SME) installation guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains installation information for the Software Management Environment (SME), developed for the Systems Development Branch (Code 552) of the Flight Dynamics Division of Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The SME provides an integrated set of management tools that can be used by software development managers in their day-to-day management and planning activities. This document provides a list of hardware and software requirements as well as detailed installation instructions and trouble-shooting information.

Kistler, David; Jeletic, Kellyann

1992-01-01

407

Implementing software safety in the NASA environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently, NASA did not consider allowing computers total control of flight systems. Human operators, via hardware, have constituted the ultimate safety control. In an attempt to reduce costs, NASA has come to rely more and more heavily on computers and software to control space missions. (For example. software is now planned to control most of the operational functions of

Martha S. Wetherholt; Charles F. Radley

1994-01-01

408

Economic Foundations for Pricing Software Reuse Repositories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Establishing and operating software repositories are important elements in the DoD's plan to encourage software reuse. One way to manage such repositories is through a fee-for-service arrangement, which involves charging a fee to the users of the reposito...

T. P. Frazler E. K. Bailey B. N. Angier

1994-01-01

409

Software Engineering Graduate Project Effort Analysis Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the graduate courses - CSCI577ab, graduate students apply software engineering methodologies, processes, procures, and models to manage software development. This report analyzes their activities and ef- fort distribution from fall 2001 to spring 2004. It would be very helpful for students to appropriately arrange their time, manage their schedule and plan their projects. It would also very helpful for

Zhihao Chen

410

Sandia software guidelines. Volume 3. Standards, practices, and conventions  

SciTech Connect

This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines intended for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. In consonance with the IEEE Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans, this volume identifies software standards, conventions, and practices. These guidelines are the result of a collective effort within Sandia National Laboratories to define recommended deliverables and to document standards, practices, and conventions which will help ensure quality software. 66 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Not Available

1986-07-01

411

Data systems and computer science: Software Engineering Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An external review of the Integrated Technology Plan for the Civil Space Program is presented. This review is specifically concerned with the Software Engineering Program. The goals of the Software Engineering Program are as follows: (1) improve NASA's ability to manage development, operation, and maintenance of complex software systems; (2) decrease NASA's cost and risk in engineering complex software systems; and (3) provide technology to assure safety and reliability of software in mission critical applications.

Zygielbaum, Arthur I.

1991-01-01

412

UAVSAR Flight-Planning System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A system of software partly automates planning of a flight of the Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) -- a polarimetric synthetic-aperture radar system aboard an unpiloted or minimally piloted airplane. The software constructs a flight plan that specifies not only the intended flight path but also the setup of the radar system at each point along the path.

2008-01-01

413

Software processes are software too  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The major theme of this meeting is the exploration of the importance of process as a vehicle for improving both the quality\\u000a of software products and the way in which we develop and evolve them. In beginning this exploration it seems important to\\u000a spend at least a short time examining the nature of process and convincing ourselves that this is

Leon J. Osterweil

1987-01-01

414

University Approaches to Software Copyright and Licensure Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues of copyright policy and software licensure at Drexel University that were developed during the introduction of a new microcomputing program are discussed. Channels for software distribution include: individual purchase of externally-produced software, distribution of internally-developed software, institutional licensure, and "read only"…

Hawkins, Brian L.

415

Donating blood and organs: using an extended theory of planned behavior perspective to identify similarities and differences in individual motivations to donate.  

PubMed

Due to the critical shortage and continued need of blood and organ donations (ODs), research exploring similarities and differences in the motivational determinants of these behaviors is needed. In a sample of 258 university students, we used a cross-sectional design to test the utility of an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) including moral norm, self-identity and in-group altruism (family/close friends and ethnic group), to predict people's blood and OD intentions. Overall, the extended TPB explained 77.0% and 74.6% of variance in blood and OD intentions, respectively. In regression analyses, common contributors to intentions across donation contexts were attitude, self-efficacy and self-identity. Normative influences varied with subjective norm as a significant predictor related to OD intentions but not blood donation intentions at the final step of regression analyses. Moral norm did not contribute significantly to blood or OD intentions. In-group altruism (family/close friends) was significantly related to OD intentions only in regressions. Future donation strategies should increase confidence to donate, foster a perception of self as the type of person who donates blood and/or organs, and address preferences to donate organs to in-group members only. PMID:23943782

Hyde, Melissa K; Knowles, Simon R; White, Katherine M

2013-12-01

416

Software for Probabilistic Risk Reduction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program implements a methodology, denoted probabilistic risk reduction, that is intended to aid in planning the development of complex software and/or hardware systems. This methodology integrates two complementary prior methodologies: (1) that of probabilistic risk assessment and (2) a risk-based planning methodology, implemented in a prior computer program known as Defect Detection and Prevention (DDP), in which multiple requirements and the beneficial effects of risk-mitigation actions are taken into account. The present methodology and the software are able to accommodate both process knowledge (notably of the efficacy of development practices) and product knowledge (notably of the logical structure of a system, the development of which one seeks to plan). Estimates of the costs and benefits of a planned development can be derived. Functional and non-functional aspects of software can be taken into account, and trades made among them. It becomes possible to optimize the planning process in the sense that it becomes possible to select the best suite of process steps and design choices to maximize the expectation of success while remaining within budget.

Hensley, Scott; Michel, Thierry; Madsen, Soren; Chapin, Elaine; Rodriguez, Ernesto

2004-01-01

417

Adopting Open Source Software to Address Software Risks during the Scientific Data Life Cycle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software enables the creation, management, storage, distribution, discovery, and use of scientific data throughout the data lifecycle. However, the capabilities offered by software also present risks for the stewardship of scientific data, since future access to digital data is dependent on the use of software. From operating systems to applications for analyzing data, the dependence of data on software presents challenges for the stewardship of scientific data. Adopting open source software provides opportunities to address some of the proprietary risks of data dependence on software. For example, in some cases, open source software can be deployed to avoid licensing restrictions for using, modifying, and transferring proprietary software. The availability of the source code of open source software also enables the inclusion of modifications, which may be contributed by various community members who are addressing similar issues. Likewise, an active community that is maintaining open source software can be a valuable source of help, providing an opportunity to collaborate to address common issues facing adopters. As part of the effort to meet the challenges of software dependence for scientific data stewardship, risks from software dependence have been identified that exist during various times of the data lifecycle. The identification of these risks should enable the development of plans for mitigating software dependencies, where applicable, using open source software, and to improve understanding of software dependency risks for scientific data and how they can be reduced during the data life cycle.

Vinay, S.; Downs, R. R.

2012-12-01

418

Chemical recognition software  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a capability to make real time concentration measurements of individual chemicals in a complex mixture using a multispectral laser remote sensing system. Our chemical recognition and analysis software consists of three parts: (1) a rigorous multivariate analysis package for quantitative concentration and uncertainty estimates, (2) a genetic optimizer which customizes and tailors the multivariate algorithm for a particular application, and (3) an intelligent neural net chemical filter which pre-selects from the chemical database to find the appropriate candidate chemicals for quantitative analyses by the multivariate algorithms, as well as providing a quick-look concentration estimate and consistency check. Detailed simulations using both laboratory fluorescence data and computer synthesized spectra indicate that our software can make accurate concentration estimates from complex multicomponent mixtures. even when the mixture is noisy and contaminated with unknowns.

Wagner, J.S.; Trahan, M.W.; Nelson, W.E.; Hargis, P.J. Jr.; Tisone, G.C.

1994-12-01

419

Chemical recognition software  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a capability to make real time concentration measurements of individual chemicals in a complex mixture using a multispectral laser remote sensing system. Our chemical recognition and analysis software consists of three parts: (1) a rigorous multivariate analysis package for quantitative concentration and uncertainty estimates, (2) a genetic optimizer which customizes and tailors the multivariate algorithm for a particular application, and (3) an intelligent neural net chemical filter which pre-selects from the chemical database to find the appropriate candidate chemicals for quantitative analyses by the multivariate algorithms, as well as providing a quick-look concentration estimate and consistency check. Detailed simulations using both laboratory fluorescence data and computer synthesized spectra indicate that our software can make accurate concentration estimates from complex multicomponent mixtures, even when the mixture is noisy and contaminated with unknowns.

Wagner, J.S.; Trahan, M.W.; Nelson, W.E.; Hargis, P.H. Jr.; Tisone, G.C.

1994-06-01

420

Implementing Software Safety in the NASA Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Until recently, NASA did not consider allowing computers total control of flight systems. Human operators, via hardware, have constituted the ultimate safety control. In an attempt to reduce costs, NASA has come to rely more and more heavily on computers and software to control space missions. (For example. software is now planned to control most of the operational functions of the International Space Station.) Thus the need for systematic software safety programs has become crucial for mission success. Concurrent engineering principles dictate that safety should be designed into software up front, not tested into the software after the fact. 'Cost of Quality' studies have statistics and metrics to prove the value of building quality and safety into the development cycle. Unfortunately, most software engineers are not familiar with designing for safety, and most safety engineers are not software experts. Software written to specifications which have not been safety analyzed is a major source of computer related accidents. Safer software is achieved step by step throughout the system and software life cycle. It is a process that includes requirements definition, hazard analyses, formal software inspections, safety analyses, testing, and maintenance. The greatest emphasis is placed on clearly and completely defining system and software requirements, including safety and reliability requirements. Unfortunately, development and review of requirements are the weakest link in the process. While some of the more academic methods, e.g. mathematical models, may help bring about safer software, this paper proposes the use of currently approved software methodologies, and sound software and assurance practices to show how, to a large degree, safety can be designed into software from the start. NASA's approach today is to first conduct a preliminary system hazard analysis (PHA) during the concept and planning phase of a project. This determines the overall hazard potential of the system to be built. Shortly thereafter, as the system requirements are being defined, the second iteration of hazard analyses takes place, the systems hazard analysis (SHA). During the systems requirements phase, decisions are made as to what functions of the system will be the responsibility of software. This is the most critical time to affect the safety of the software. From this point, software safety analyses as well as software engineering practices are the main focus for assuring safe software. While many of the steps proposed in this paper seem like just sound engineering practices, they are the best technical and most cost effective means to assure safe software within a safe system.

Wetherholt, Martha S.; Radley, Charles F.

1994-01-01

421

Seminar Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Society for Computer Simulation International is a professional technical society that distributes information on methodology techniques and uses of computer simulation. The society uses NETS, a NASA-developed program, to assist seminar participants in learning to use neural networks for computer simulation. NETS is a software system modeled after the human brain; it is designed to help scientists exploring artificial intelligence to solve pattern matching problems. Examples from NETS are presented to seminar participants, who can then manipulate, alter or enhance them for their own applications.

1993-01-01

422

Software Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guide aims to provide information about the different tools available for software management on HECToR. It provides an overview of the types of tools available and the reasons why they are useful. The main focus is on source code control and build systems. Details of the capabilities of specific tools available on HECToR are provided along with instructions on how to access them. Full details on how to use each of the tools are not provided as this is outside the scope of a good practice guide. However the guide provides links to relevant sources of learning materials and further information.

423

Individual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paper presented at the 66th Convention of the International Association of Pupil Personnel Workers, October 20, 1980, Baltimore, Maryland, describes individual education based on the principles of Alfred Adler. Defines six advantages of individual education, emphasizing student responsibility, mutual respect, and allowing students to progress at…

Corsini, Raymond

1981-01-01

424

Areawide Health Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An areawide health plan for 21 central Nebraska counties is presented. The document consists of individual county plans with a common framework of five components: community health services, health manpower, health facilities and services, emergency medic...

1974-01-01

425

Software testability and its application to avionic software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Randomly generated black-box testing is an established yet controversial method of estimating software reliability. Unfortunately, as software applications have required higher reliabilities, practical difficulties with black-box testing have become increasingly problematic. These practical problems are particularly acute in life-critical avionics software, where requirements of 10 exp -7 failures per hour of system reliability can translate into a probability of failure (POF) of perhaps 10 exp -9 or less for each individual execution of the software. This paper describes the application of one type of testability analysis called 'sensitivity analysis' to B-737 avionics software; one application of sensitivity analysis is to quantify whether software testing is capable of detecting faults in a particular program and thus whether we can be confident that a tested program is not hiding faults. We so 80 by finding the testabilities of the individual statements of the program, and then use those statement testabilities to find the testabilities of the functions and modules. For the B-737 system we analyzed, we were able to isolate those functions that are more prone to hide errors during system/reliability testing.

Voas, Jeffrey M.; Miller, Keith W.; Payne, Jeffery E.

1993-01-01

426

Providing Transparency In The Business Of Software: A Modeling Technique For Software Supply Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most significant paradigm shifts of software business is that individual organizations no longer compete as single\\u000a entities but as complex dynamic supply networks of interrelated participants that provide blends of software design, development,\\u000a implementation, publication and services. Understanding these intricate software supply networks is a difficult task for decision\\u000a makers in software businesses. This paper outlines a

Slinger Jansen; Sjaak Brinkkemper; Anthony Finkelstein

2007-01-01

427

Inoculating software for survivability  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper, we are concerned with the survivability of the infrastructure to software flaws, anomalous events, and malicious attack. In the past, finding and removing software flaws has traditionally been the realm of software testing. Software testing has largely concerned itself with ensuring that software behaves correctly --- an intractable problem for any non-trivial piece of software. In this paper,

Anup K. Ghosh; Jeffrey M. Voas

1999-01-01

428

Software engineering laboratory series: Annotated bibliography of software engineering laboratory literature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is an annotated bibliography of technical papers, documents, and memorandums produced by or related to the Software Engineering Laboratory. More than 100 publications are summarized. These publications cover many areas of software engineering and range from research reports to software documentation. This document has been updated and reorganized substantially since the original version (SEL-82-006, November 1982). All materials have been grouped into eight general subject areas for easy reference: (1) the Software Engineering Laboratory; (2) the Software Engineering Laboratory: Software Development Documents; (3) Software Tools; (4) Software Models; (5) Software Measurement; (6) Technology Evaluations; (7) Ada Technology; and (8) Data Collection. This document contains an index of these publications classified by individual author.

Morusiewicz, Linda; Valett, Jon

1992-01-01

429

Achieving software quality through Cleanroom software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes a success story in the use of modern technologies for software quality improvement. The Cleanroom software engineering process for zero-defect software has been successfully applied on development projects in a variety of environments with remarkable quality results. Cleanroom is based on formal, theory-based methods for software specification, design, correctness verification, and statistical quality certification. The authors survey a number

Richard C. Linger; Alan R. Hevner

1993-01-01

430

Deindividuation and Internet software piracy.  

PubMed

Computer crime has increased exponentially in recent years as hardware, software, and network resources become more affordable and available to individuals from all walks of life. Software piracy is one prevalent type of cybercrime and has detrimentally affected the economic health of the software industry. Moreover, piracy arguably represents a rend in the moral fabric associated with the respect of intellectual property and reduces the financial incentive of product creation and innovation. Deindividuation theory, originating from the field of social psychology, argues that individuals are extricated from responsibility for their actions simply because they no longer have an acute awareness of the identity of self and of others. That is, external and internal constraints that would typically regulate questionable behavior are rendered less effective via certain anonymizing and disinhibiting conditions of the social and environmental context. This exploratory piece seeks to establish the role of deindividuation in liberating individuals to commit software piracy by testing the hypothesis that persons who prefer the anonymity and pseudonymity associated with interaction on the Internet are more likely to pirate software. Through this research, it is hoped that the empirical identification of such a social psychological determinant will help further illuminate the phenomenon. PMID:18721086

Hinduja, Sameer

2008-08-01

431

Software Model Connectors: Bridging Models across the Software Lifecycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous notations, methodologies, and tools exist to support software system modeling. While individual models help to clarify certain system aspects, the large number and heteroge- neity of models may ultimately hamper the ability of stake- holders to communicate about a system. A major reason for this is the discontinuity of information across different mod- els. In this paper, we present

Nenad Medvidovic; Paul Grünbacher; Alexander Egyed; Barry W. Boehm

2001-01-01

432

Issues in NASA Program and Project Management: Focus on Project Planning and Scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics addressed include: Planning and scheduling training for working project teams at NASA, overview of project planning and scheduling workshops, project planning at NASA, new approaches to systems engineering, software reliability assessment, and software reuse in wind tunnel control systems.

Hoffman, Edward J. (Editor); Lawbaugh, William M. (Editor)

1997-01-01

433

GP Workbench Manual: Technical Manual, User's Guide, and Software Guide  

USGS Publications Warehouse

GP Workbench is an open-source general-purpose geophysical data processing software package written primarily for ground penetrating radar (GPR) data. It also includes support for several USGS prototype electromagnetic instruments such as the VETEM and ALLTEM. The two main programs in the package are GP Workbench and GP Wave Utilities. GP Workbench has routines for filtering, gridding, and migrating GPR data; as well as an inversion routine for characterizing UXO (unexploded ordinance) using ALLTEM data. GP Workbench provides two-dimensional (section view) and three-dimensional (plan view or time slice view) processing for GPR data. GP Workbench can produce high-quality graphics for reports when Surfer 8 or higher (Golden Software) is installed. GP Wave Utilities provides a wide range of processing algorithms for single waveforms, such as filtering, correlation, deconvolution, and calculating GPR waveforms. GP Wave Utilities is used primarily for calibrating radar systems and processing individual traces. Both programs also contain research features related to the calibration of GPR systems and calculating subsurface waveforms. The software is written to run on the Windows operating systems. GP Workbench can import GPR data file formats used by major commercial instrument manufacturers including Sensors and Software, GSSI, and Mala. The GP Workbench native file format is SU (Seismic Unix), and subsequently, files generated by GP Workbench can be read by Seismic Unix as well as many other data processing packages.

Oden, Charles P.; Moulton, Craig W.

2006-01-01

434

Simultaneous optimization of sequential IMRT plans  

SciTech Connect

Radiotherapy often comprises two phases, in which irradiation of a volume at risk for microscopic disease is followed by a sequential dose escalation to a smaller volume either at a higher risk for microscopic disease or containing only gross disease. This technique is difficult to implement with intensity modulated radiotherapy, as the tolerance doses of critical structures must be respected over the sum of the two plans. Techniques that include an integrated boost have been proposed to address this problem. However, clinical experience with such techniques is limited, and many clinicians are uncomfortable prescribing nonconventional fractionation schemes. To solve this problem, we developed an optimization technique that simultaneously generates sequential initial and boost IMRT plans. We have developed an optimization tool that uses a commercial treatment planning system (TPS) and a high level programming language for technical computing. The tool uses the TPS to calculate the dose deposition coefficients (DDCs) for optimization. The DDCs were imported into external software and the treatment ports duplicated to create the boost plan. The initial, boost, and tolerance doses were specified and used to construct cost functions. The initial and boost plans were optimized simultaneously using a gradient search technique. Following optimization, the fluence maps were exported to the TPS for dose calculation. Seven patients treated using sequential techniques were selected from our clinical database. The initial and boost plans used to treat these patients were developed independently of each other by dividing the tolerance doses proportionally between the initial and boost plans and then iteratively optimizing the plans until a summation that met the treatment goals was obtained. We used the simultaneous optimization technique to generate plans that met the original planning goals. The coverage of the initial and boost target volumes in the simultaneously optimized plans was equivalent to the independently optimized plans actually used for treatment. Tolerance doses of the critical structures were respected for the plan sum; however, the dose to critical structures for the individual initial and boost plans was different between the simultaneously optimized and the independently optimized plans. In conclusion, we have demonstrated a method for optimization of initial and boost plans that treat volume reductions using the same dose per fraction. The method is efficient, as it avoids the iterative approach necessitated by currently available TPSs, and is generalizable to more than two treatment phases. Comparison with clinical plans developed independently suggests that current manual techniques for planning sequential treatments may be suboptimal.

Popple, Richard A.; Prellop, Perri B.; Spencer, Sharon A.; Santos, Jennifer F. de los; Duan, Jun; Fiveash, John B.; Brezovich, Ivan A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233 (United States)

2005-11-15

435

Simultaneous optimization of sequential IMRT plans.  

PubMed

Radiotherapy often comprises two phases, in which irradiation of a volume at risk for microscopic disease is followed by a sequential dose escalation to a smaller volume either at a higher risk for microscopic disease or containing only gross disease. This technique is difficult to implement with intensity modulated radiotherapy, as the tolerance doses of critical structures must be respected over the sum of the two plans. Techniques that include an integrated boost have been proposed to address this problem. However, clinical experience with such techniques is limited, and many clinicians are uncomfortable prescribing nonconventional fractionation schemes. To solve this problem, we developed an optimization technique that simultaneously generates sequential initial and boost IMRT plans. We have developed an optimization tool that uses a commercial treatment planning system (TPS) and a high level programming language for technical computing. The tool uses the TPS to calculate the dose deposition coefficients (DDCs) for optimization. The DDCs were imported into external software and the treatment ports duplicated to create the boost plan. The initial, boost, and tolerance doses were specified and used to construct cost functions. The initial and boost plans were optimized simultaneously using a gradient search technique. Following optimization, the fluence maps were exported to the TPS for dose calculation. Seven patients treated using sequential techniques were selected from our clinical database. The initial and boost plans used to treat these patients were developed independently of each other by dividing the tolerance doses proportionally between the initial and boost plans and then iteratively optimizing the plans until a summation that met the treatment goals was obtained. We used the simultaneous optimization technique to generate plans that met the original planning goals. The coverage of the initial and boost target volumes in the simultaneously optimized plans was equivalent to the independently optimized plans actually used for treatment. Tolerance doses of the critical structures were respected for the plan sum; however, the dose to critical structures for the individual initial and boost plans was different between the simultaneously optimized and the independently optimized plans. In conclusion, we have demonstrated a method for optimization of initial and boost plans that treat volume reductions using the same dose per fraction. The method is efficient, as it avoids the iterative approach necessitated by currently available TPSs, and is generalizable to more than two treatment phases. Comparison with clinical plans developed independently suggests that current manual techniques for planning sequential treatments may be suboptimal. PMID:16370415

Popple, Richard A; Prellop, Perri B; Spencer, Sharon A; De Los Santos, Jennifer F; Duan, Jun; Fiveash, John B; Brezovich, Ivan A

2005-11-01

436

A software assistant for the design of realistic software phantoms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Segmentation and quantification of medical image data are difficult problems in image analysis. Especially, an accurate and robust assessment of quantitative parameters is a key issue in many fields, and can have a direct impact on diagnosis and treatment planning. To this end, physical and software phantom data sets have become an integral tool during the design, implementation, and optimization of new algorithms. Unfortunately, a common research resource has not been established until now for many applications. In this work we propose a software assistant for the development of realistic software phantoms. Our aim is an easy-to-use tool with an intuitive user interface. Furthermore, we provide a software for researchers including a common basis of reference data, which facilitates a standardized and objective validation of performance and limitations of own developments, as well as the comparison of different methods. The fundamental phantom design focuses on objects that can be incorporated into a given background. This can either be a homogeneous artificial background, or a volunteer or patient data set. For each phantom the exact ground truth of the investigated object is available, which provides us with an excellent tool for the generation of realistic data sets. Several experiments are carried out for a number of different applications including software phantoms of small, hyperintense brain lesions, as well as software phantoms of liver metastases.

Rexilius, Jan; Konrad, Olaf; Peitgen, Heinz-Otto

2008-04-01

437

Software synthesis using generic architectures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A framework for synthesizing software systems based on abstracting software system designs and the design process is described. The result of such an abstraction process is a generic architecture and the process knowledge for customizing the architecture. The customization process knowledge is used to assist a designer in customizing the architecture as opposed to completely automating the design of systems. Our approach using an implemented example of a generic tracking architecture which was customized in two different domains is illustrated. How the designs produced using KASE compare to the original designs of the two systems, and current work and plans for extending KASE to other application areas are described.

Bhansali, Sanjay

1993-01-01

438

Peppy: Proteogenomic Search Software  

PubMed Central

Proteogenomic searching is a useful method for identifying novel proteins, annotating genes and detecting peptides unique to an individual genome. The approach, however, can be laborious, as it often requires search segmentation and the use of several unintegrated tools. Furthermore, many proteogenomic efforts have been limited to small genomes, as large genomes can prove impractical due to the required amount of computer memory and computation time. We present Peppy, a software tool designed to perform every necessary task of proteogenomic searches quickly, accurately and automatically. The software generates a peptide database from a genome, tracks peptide loci, matches peptides to MS/MS spectra and assigns confidence values to those matches. Peppy automatically performs a decoy database generation, search and analysis to return identifications at the desired false discovery rate threshold. Written in Java for cross-platform execution, the software is fully multithreaded for enhanced speed. The program can run on regular desktop computers, opening the doors of proteogenomic searching to a wider audience of proteomics and genomics researchers. Peppy is available at http://geneffects.com/peppy.

Risk, Brian A.; Spitzer, Wendy J.; Giddings, Morgan C.

2014-01-01

439

Peppy: proteogenomic search software.  

PubMed

Proteogenomic searching is a useful method for identifying novel proteins, annotating genes and detecting peptides unique to an individual genome. The approach, however, can be laborious, as it often requires search segmentation and the use of several unintegrated tools. Furthermore, many proteogenomic efforts have been limited to small genomes, as large genomes can prove impractical due to the required amount of computer memory and computation time. We present Peppy, a software tool designed to perform every necessary task of proteogenomic searches quickly, accurately and automatically. The software generates a peptide database from a genome, tracks peptide loci, matches peptides to MS/MS spectra and assigns confidence values to those matches. Peppy automatically performs a decoy database generation, search and analysis to return identifications at the desired false discovery rate threshold. Written in Java for cross-platform execution, the software is fully multithreaded for enhanced speed. The program can run on regular desktop computers, opening the doors of proteogenomic searching to a wider audience of proteomics and genomics researchers. Peppy is available at http://geneffects.com/peppy . PMID:23614390

Risk, Brian A; Spitzer, Wendy J; Giddings, Morgan C

2013-06-01

440

Optimum-AIV: A planning and scheduling system for spacecraft AIV  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A project undertaken for the European Space Agency (ESA) is presented. The project is developing a knowledge based software system for planning and scheduling of activities for spacecraft assembly, integration, and verification (AIV). The system extends into the monitoring of plan execution and the plan repair phase. The objectives are to develop an operational kernel of a planning, scheduling, and plan repair tool, called OPTIMUM-AIV, and to provide facilities which will allow individual projects to customize the kernel to suit its specific needs. The kernel shall consist of a set of software functionalities for assistance in initial specification of the AIV plan, in verification and generation of valid plans and schedules for the AIV activities, and in interactive monitoring and execution problem recovery for the detailed AIV plans. Embedded in OPTIMUM-AIV are external interfaces which allow integration with alternative scheduling systems and project databases. The current status of the OPTIMUM-AIV project, as of Jan. 1991, is that a further analysis of the AIV domain has taken place through interviews with satellite AIV experts, a software requirement document (SRD) for the full operational tool was approved, and an architectural design document (ADD) for the kernel excluding external interfaces is ready for review.

Arentoft, M. M.; Fuchs, Jens J.; Parrod, Y.; Gasquet, Andre; Stader, J.; Stokes, I.; Vadon, H.

1991-01-01

441

Bristlecone: A Language for Robust Software Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present Bristlecone, a programming language for robust software systems. The Bristlecone language contains two components: a high-level organization specification component that describes how the software system's conceptual operations interact, and a low-level operational specification component that describes the sequence of instructions that comprise an individual conceptual operation. The Bristlecone im- plementation uses the high-level organization specifications to detect software

Brian Demsky; Alokika Dash

2008-01-01

442

Manpower and project planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose was to study how manpower and projects are planned at the Facilities Engineering Division (FENGD) within the Systems Engineering and Operations Directorate of the LaRC and to make recommendations for improving the effectiveness and productivity ot the tools that are used. The existing manpower and project planning processes (including the management plan for the FENGD, existing manpower planning reports, project reporting to LaRC and NASA Headquarters, employee time reporting, financial reporting, and coordination/tracking reports for procurement) were discussed with several people, and project planning software was evaluated.

Johnson, David W.

1991-01-01

443

Performance aware software development (PASD) using resource demand budgets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance Aware Software Development (PASD) as described here combines a software specification, a model, and resource demand budgets. The budgets are planning figures created by the designers and managers, from the requirements and their experience. The key elements of this approach are the planning of budgets for the resource demands of each of the parts and operations of the system,

Khalid H. Siddiqui; C. Murray Woodside

2002-01-01

444

ENHANCING SOFTWARE ENGINEERING METHODOLOGIES INTO J2EE PROGRAMMING PROJECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, a programming course focuses on algorithm and data structure and no software engineering methodologies are introduced. A new way to teach programming is to integrate software engineering methodologies into project assignments. This paper presents how to implement object-oriented design, code review, test plan and personal software process into Java 2 Platform Enterprise Edition (J2EE) projects. The purpose is to

Ming Wang

445

Prometheus Reactor I&C Software Development Methodology, for Action  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this letter is to submit the Reactor Instrumentation and Control (I&C) software life cycle, development methodology, and programming language selections and rationale for project Prometheus to NR for approval. This letter also provides the draft Reactor I&C Software Development Process Manual and Reactor Module Software Development Plan to NR for information.

T. Hamilton

2005-07-30

446

Prometheus Reactor I&C Software Development Methodology, for Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this letter is to submit the Reactor Instrumentation and Control (I&C) software life cycle, development methodology, and programming language selections and rationale for project Prometheus to NR for approval. This letter also provides the draft Reactor I&C Software Development Process Manual and Reactor Module Software Development Plan to NR for information.

2005-01-01

447

Graduation design process inspired by classical principles of software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classical principles of software engineering include life-cycle plan, paying attention to the value of all stages, postponed implementation and so on. Graduation project is an important means of testing the learning outcomes in college., Graduation project should be completed as a large software project, based on guiding ideology of the classical software engineering principles. So can we achieve the

Li Chao; Li Zengxue; Zuo Yong; Dai Xujing

2012-01-01

448

Individualizing Medicare.  

PubMed

Despite the enactment of significant changes to the Medicare program in 1997, Medicare's Hospital Insurance trust fund is projected to be exhausted just as the baby boom enters retirement. To address Medicare's financial difficulties, a number of reform proposals have been offered, including several to individualize Medicare financing and benefits. These proposals would attempt to increase Medicare revenues and reduce Medicare expenditures by having individuals bear risk--investment market risk before retirement and insurance market risk after retirement. Many fundamental aspects of these proposals have yet to be worked out, including how to guarantee a baseline level of saving for health insurance after retirement, how retirees might finance unanticipated health insurance price increases after retirement, the potential implications for Medicaid of inadequate individual saving, and whether the administrative cost of making the system fair and adequate ultimately would eliminate any rate-of-return advantages from allowing workers to invest their Medicare contributions in corporate stocks and bonds. PMID:10915458

Chollet, D J

1999-05-01

449

Bristlecone: Language Support for Robust Software Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present Bristlecone, a programming language for robust software systems. Bristlecone applications have two components: a high-level organization specification that describes how the application's conceptual operations interact, and a low- level operational specification that describes the sequence of instructions that comprise an individual conceptual operation. Bristlecone uses the high-level organization specification to re- cover the software system from an error

Brian Demsky; Sivaji R. Sundaramurthy

2011-01-01

450

Databases in software engineering: a roadmap  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of software systems is a complex process involving a variety of individual tasks, collaborative work, and lifecycle management of the resulting products and product parts. Software development teams are supported in their work by a number of methods for the various production phases, and by appropriate tools of varying degrees of sophistication. Due to the immaterial nature of

Klaus R. Dittrich; Dimitrios Tombros; Andreas Geppert

2000-01-01

451

Supporting Software Development as Knowledge Community Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

We view software project as a knowledge ecology consisting of three interrelated elements: (1) artifacts, (2) individual developers, and (3) a community of developers. How developers relate with each other in the community affects how they share knowledge during the development and therefore impacts the overall quality of the software system that have to be built through continuous knowledge collaboration.

Kumiyo Nakakoji; Yasuhiro Yamamoto; Yunwen Ye

452

A planning language for activity scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission planning and scheduling of spacecraft operations are becoming more complex at NASA. Described here are a mission planning process; a robust, flexible planning language for spacecraft and payload operations; and a software scheduling system that generates schedules based on planning language inputs. The mission planning process often involves many people and organizations. Consequently, a planning language is needed to facilitate communication, to provide a standard interface, and to represent flexible requirements. The software scheduling system interprets the planning language and uses the resource, time duration, constraint, and alternative plan flexibilities to resolve scheduling conflicts.

Zoch, David R.; Lavallee, David; Weinstein, Stuart; Tong, G. Michael

1991-01-01

453

Risk reduction using DDP (Defect Detection and Prevention): Software support and software applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Risk assessment and mitigation is the focus of the Defect Detection and Prevention (DDP) process, which has been applied to spacecraft technology assessments and planning, both hardware and software. DDP's major elements and their relevance to core requirement engineering concerns are summarized. The accompanying research demonstration illustrates DDP's tool support, and further customizations for application to software.

Feather, M. S.

2001-01-01

454

Resource Conservation Software Competition in California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a statewide computer competition involving young programers (individuals and groups) who developed software packages on energy and water conservation. Project rules, guidelines, challenges, evaluations, prizes, commitments, benefits, and costs are discussed. (BC)

Tzitz, Carolyn J.

1984-01-01

455

SAPHIRE 8 Software Acceptance Test Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Atomic Energy Act of 1975 replaced the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA, the predecessor to the Department of Energy). Since that time, th...

2009-01-01

456

Planning-Based Control of Software Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper is not intended to be acomprehensive survey of important softbot projects ---there are far too many interesting systems for me todescribe them all. I focus on University of Washingtonprojects, because I am most familiar with this body ofwork and because the Washington softbots have emphasizedplanning-based control.

Daniel S. Weld

1996-01-01

457

Decision support software technology demonstration plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance evaluation of innovative and alternative environmental technologies is an integral part of the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) mission. Early efforts focused on evaluating technologies that supported the implementation of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. In 1986 the Agency began to demonstrate and evaluate the cost and performance of remediation and monitoring technologies under the Superfund

T. SULLIVAN; A. ARMSTRONG

1998-01-01

458

Software quality assurance plan for viscometer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The in situ viscometer is a portable instrument designed to raise and lower a sphere (rheometer ball) through layers of tank waste material while recording ball position, velocity, and cable tension. In the field, the viscometer attaches to a decontaminat...

M. Gimera

1994-01-01

459

Software Engineering Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and development center whose objective is to provide leadership in software engineering and in the transition of new software engineering technology into practice. The SEI Information Server provides links to the ongoing research efforts of the ARPA Software and Intelligent Systems Technology Office and an index of information relating to numerous software and computing topics.

460

A toolbox for developing bioinformatics software  

PubMed Central

Creating useful software is a major activity of many scientists, including bioinformaticians. Nevertheless, software development in an academic setting is often unsystematic, which can lead to problems associated with maintenance and long-term availibility. Unfortunately, well-documented software development methodology is difficult to adopt, and technical measures that directly improve bioinformatic programming have not been described comprehensively. We have examined 22 software projects and have identified a set of practices for software development in an academic environment. We found them useful to plan a project, support the involvement of experts (e.g. experimentalists), and to promote higher quality and maintainability of the resulting programs. This article describes 12 techniques that facilitate a quick start into software engineering. We describe 3 of the 22 projects in detail and give many examples to illustrate the usage of particular techniques. We expect this toolbox to be useful for many bioinformatics programming projects and to the training of scientific programmers.

Potrzebowski, Wojciech; Puton, Tomasz; Rother, Magdalena; Wywial, Ewa; Bujnicki, Janusz M.

2012-01-01

461

Software interoperability for energy simulation  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of software interoperability as it relates to the energy simulation of buildings. The paper begins with a discussion of the difficulties in using sophisticated analysis tools like energy simulation at various stages in the building life cycle, and the potential for interoperability to help overcome these difficulties. An overview of the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), a common data model for supporting interoperability under continuing development by the International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI) is then given. The process of creating interoperable software is described next, followed by specific details for energy simulation tools. The paper closes with the current status of, and future plans for, the ongoing efforts to achieve software interoperability.

Hitchcock, Robert J.

2002-07-31

462

Space Flight Software Development Software for Intelligent System Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The slide presentation examines the Marshall Space Flight Center Flight Software Branch, including software development projects, mission critical space flight software development, software technical insight, advanced software development technologies, and continuous improvement in the software development processes and methods.

Trevino, Luis C.; Crumbley, Tim

2004-01-01

463

Advancing Software Security - The Software Protection Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In December 2001, the Software Protection Initiative (SPI) was established to prevent the unauthorized distribution and exploitation of national security application software by our adversaries. To achieve this, the SPI has several goals, which are to ins...

J. Hughes M. R. Stytz

2003-01-01

464

Individual Professional Development Plans: Cultivating Professional Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last five years schools and districts have been under enormous pressure to improve student achievement scores on state accountability assessments. Educators agree that professional development plays a key role in providing the knowledge and skills needed to increase teacher effectiveness in the classroom. There is no reliable measure for…

Hargens, Taryl M.

2010-01-01

465

Global Software Engineering: A Software Process Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our research has shown that many companies are struggling with the successful implementation of global software engineering, due to temporal, cultural and geographical distance, which causes a range of factors to come into play. For example, cultural, project managementproject management and communication difficulties continually cause problems for software engineers and project managers. While the implementation of efficient software processes can be used to improve the quality of the software product, published software process models do not cater explicitly for the recent growth in global software engineering. Our thesis is that global software engineering factors should be included in software process models to ensure their continued usefulness in global organisations. Based on extensive global software engineering research, we have developed a software process, Global Teaming, which includes specific practices and sub-practices. The purpose is to ensure that requirements for successful global software engineering are stipulated so that organisations can ensure successful implementation of global software engineering.

Richardson, Ita; Casey, Valentine; Burton, John; McCaffery, Fergal

466

Free Software Foundation Software Directory - Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Free Software Directory is a project of the Free Software Foundation (FSF) and United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). We catalog useful free software that runs under free operating systems-- particularly the GNU operating system and its GNU/Linux variants.

467

Controlling Software Piracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains what software manufacturers are doing to combat software piracy, recommends how managers should deal with this problem, and provides a role-playing exercise to help students understand the issues in software piracy. (SR)

King, Albert S.

1992-01-01

468

Report: Scientific Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses various aspects of scientific software, including evaluation and selection of commercial software products; program exchanges, catalogs, and other information sources; major data analysis packages; statistics and chemometrics software; and artificial intelligence. (JN)

Borman, Stuart A.

1985-01-01

469

Software Cost Estimating.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of software cost estimating is to determine what resources will be needed to produce and to maintain the software associated with a project. Resources of particular interest in software cost estimating are manpower, computer time and elapsed...

M. Stanley

1982-01-01

470

Software Management Environment (SME) concepts and architecture, revision 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document presents the concepts and architecture of the Software Management Environment (SME), developed for the Software Engineering Branch of the Flight Dynamic Division (FDD) of GSFC. The SME provides an integrated set of experience-based management tools that can assist software development managers in managing and planning flight dynamics software development projects. This document provides a high-level description of the types of information required to implement such an automated management tool.

Hendrick, Robert; Kistler, David; Valett, Jon

1992-01-01

471

Transition Planning Inventory (TPI).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Transition Planning Inventory, a formal assessment and planning tool for use with students with disabilities in individualized educational planning. It assesses skills in employment, daily living, leisure activities, community activities, community participation, health, self-determination, communication, and…

Kohler, Paula D.

1999-01-01

472

Plan and Deliver  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For technology to really work in the classroom, professional development is key. One has to craft a technology professional development plan. This sort of plan requires special aspects--assessing the technology literacy, usage, and attitudes of the faculty; designing individual educational technology plans for each faculty member; developing and…

Brown, Ken

2008-01-01

473

Ada and software management in NASA: Assessment and recommendations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent NASA missions have required software systems that are larger, more complex, and more critical than NASA software systems of the past. The Ada programming language and the software methods and support environments associated with it are seen as potential breakthroughs in meeting NASA's software requirements. The findings of a study by the Ada and Software Management Assessment Working Group (ASMAWG) are presented. The study was chartered to perform three tasks: (1) assess the agency's ongoing and planned Ada activities; (2) assess the infrastructure (standards, policies, and internal organizations) supporting software management and the Ada activities; and (3) present an Ada implementation and use strategy appropriate for NASA over the next 5 years.

1989-01-01

474

Configuration management plan for the Automated Transportation Management System  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Software Configuration Management (SCM) approach and procedures to be utilized in ensuring and controlling the development process of the Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS). The sponsor has identified ATMS and its components as unclassified and non-sensitive. The configuration management procedures are necessary to ensure that any changes made to software and related documentation are consistent with ATMS goals and objectives and contained securely in a central library. The objectives of the Plan are to (1) Establish product baselines that support the change process; (2) Ensure that all system changes support ATMS goals and objectives; (3) Ensure that the potential impacts of system changes are adequately evaluated prior to implementation; (4) Ensure that the latest approved versions of all software are being used in all environments (current production, development and future production); (5) Establish a configuration status reporting standard that informs pertinent individuals of ATMS system status; (6) Ensure that the baselines always remain current with the production software and documentation; (7) Ensure that configuration management is integrated with other management plans designed to meet the overall objectives and goals of ATMS; and (8) Ensure that the configuration library function of maintaining all master copies of documentation and software for each product is supported.

Genoni, S.K. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-04-01

475

Supporting Expertise Communication in Developer-Centered Collaborative Software Development Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Looking at software development as a collective knowledge activity has changed the view of the role of communication in software development from something to be eliminated to something to be nurtured. Developer-centereddeveloper-centered collaborative software development environments (CSDEs) should facilitate software development in such a way, as individual software developers collaboratively develop information artifacts through social interactions. In this chapter, we

Kumiyo Nakakoji; Yunwen Ye; Yasuhiro Yamamoto

2010-01-01

476

Software Engineering Guidebook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Software Engineering Guidebook describes SEPG (Software Engineering Process Group) supported processes and techniques for engineering quality software in NASA environments. Three process models are supported: structured, object-oriented, and evolutionary rapid-prototyping. The guidebook covers software life-cycles, engineering, assurance, and configuration management. The guidebook is written for managers and engineers who manage, develop, enhance, and/or maintain software under the Computer Software Services Contract.

Connell, John; Wenneson, Greg

1993-01-01

477

Software Design for Smile Analysis  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Esthetics and attractiveness of the smile is one of the major demands in contemporary orthodontic treatment. In order to improve a smile design, it is necessary to record “posed smile” as an intentional, non-pressure, static, natural and reproducible smile. The record then should be analyzed to determine its characteristics. In this study, we intended to design and introduce a software to analyze the smile rapidly and precisely in order to produce an attractive smile for the patients. Materials and Methods: For this purpose, a practical study was performed to design multimedia software “Smile Analysis” which can receive patients’ photographs and videographs. After giving records to the software, the operator should mark the points and lines which are displayed on the system’s guide and also define the correct scale for each image. Thirty-three variables are measured by the software and displayed on the report page. Reliability of measurements in both image and video was significantly high (?=0.7–1). Results: In order to evaluate intra- operator and inter-operator reliability, five cases were selected randomly. Statistical analysis showed that calculations performed in smile analysis software were both valid and highly reliable (for both video and photo). Conclusion: The results obtained from smile analysis could be used in diagnosis, treatment planning and evaluation of the treatment progress.

Sodagar, A.; Rafatjoo, R.; Gholami Borujeni, D.; Noroozi, H.; Sarkhosh, A.

2010-01-01

478

Software Configuration Management Guidebook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growth in cost and importance of software to NASA has caused NASA to address the improvement of software development across the agency. One of the products of this program is a series of guidebooks that define a NASA concept of the assurance processes which are used in software development. The Software Assurance Guidebook, SMAP-GB-A201, issued in September, 1989, provides an overall picture of the concepts and practices of NASA in software assurance. Lower level guidebooks focus on specific activities that fall within the software assurance discipline, and provide more detailed information for the manager and/or practitioner. This is the Software Configuration Management Guidebook which describes software configuration management in a way that is compatible with practices in industry and at NASA Centers. Software configuration management is a key software development process, and is essential for doing software assurance.

1995-01-01

479

Software Vulnerability Taxonomy Consolidation  

SciTech Connect

In today's environment, computers and networks are increasing exposed to a number of software vulnerabilities. Information about these vulnerabilities is collected and disseminated via various large publicly available databases such as BugTraq, OSVDB and ICAT. Each of these databases, individually, do not cover all aspects of a vulnerability and lack a standard format among them, making it difficult for end-users to easily compare various vulnerabilities. A central database of vulnerabilities has not been available until today for a number of reasons, such as the non-uniform methods by which current vulnerability database providers receive information, disagreement over which features of a particular vulnerability are important and how best to present them, and the non-utility of the information presented in many databases. The goal of this software vulnerability taxonomy consolidation project is to address the need for a universally accepted vulnerability taxonomy that classifies vulnerabilities in an unambiguous manner. A consolidated vulnerability database (CVDB) was implemented that coalesces and organizes vulnerability data from disparate data sources. Based on the work done in this paper, there is strong evidence that a consolidated taxonomy encompassing and organizing all relevant data can be achieved. However, three primary obstacles remain: lack of referencing a common ''primary key'', un-structured and free-form descriptions of necessary vulnerability data, and lack of data on all aspects of a vulnerability. This work has only considered data that can be unambiguously extracted from various data sources by straightforward parsers. It is felt that even with the use of more advanced, information mining tools, which can wade through the sea of unstructured vulnerability data, this current integration methodology would still provide repeatable, unambiguous, and exhaustive results. Though the goal of coalescing all available data, which would be of use to system administrators, software developers and vulnerability researchers is not yet achieved, this work has resulted in the most exhaustive collection of vulnerability data to date.

Polepeddi, S

2004-12-08

480

Knowledge focus via software agents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The essence of military Command and Control (C2) is making knowledge intensive decisions in a limited amount of time using uncertain, incorrect, or outdated information. It is essential to provide tools to decision-makers that provide: * Management of friendly forces by treating the "friendly resources as a system". * Rapid assessment of effects of military actions againt the "enemy as a system". * Assessment of how an enemy should, can, and could react to friendly military activities. Software agents in the form of mission agents, target agents, maintenance agents, and logistics agents can meet this information challenge. The role of each agent is to know all the details about its assigned mission, target, maintenance, or logistics entity. The Mission Agent would fight for mission resources based on the mission priority and analyze the effect that a proposed mission's results would have on the enemy. The Target Agent (TA) communicates with other targets to determine its role in the system of targets. A system of TAs would be able to inform a planner or analyst of the status of a system of targets, the effect of that status, adn the effect of attacks on that system. The system of TAs would also be able to analyze possible enemy reactions to attack by determining ways to minimize the effect of attack, such as rerouting traffic or using deception. The Maintenance Agent would scheudle maintenance events and notify the maintenance unit. The Logistics Agent would manage shipment and delivery of supplies to maintain appropriate levels of weapons, fuel and spare parts. The central idea underlying this case of software agents is knowledge focus. Software agents are createad automatically to focus their attention on individual real-world entities (e.g., missions, targets) and view the world from that entities perspective. The agent autonomously monitors the entity, identifies problems/opportunities, formulates solutions, and informs the decision-maker. The agent must be able to communicate to receive and disseminate information and provide the decision-maker with assistance via focused knowledge. THe agent must also be able to monitor the state of its own environment and make decisions necessary to carry out its delegated tasks. Agents bring three elements to the C2 domain that offer to improve de