Science.gov

Sample records for informal communication networks

  1. Centre for Defence Communications and Information Networking

    E-print Network

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    DEFENCE NETWORK CAPABILITY ROBUSTNESS | RELIABILITY | EFFICIENCY | SECURITY The Centre for DefenceCentre for Defence Communications and Information Networking RELIABLE, INDEPENDENT, LEADING EDGE based concentration of defence network analysis capability. CDCIN focusses on the modelling, measurement

  2. Information concealing games in communication networks

    E-print Network

    1 Information concealing games in communication networks Saswati Sarkar, Eitan Altman, Rachid El the Actor of receiving information on the state of some of the resources. The Controller has a limitation on the amount of information it can conceal. What information should it deny from the the Actor? How should

  3. Information Delivery Through Broadcasting in Satellite Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    Tassiulas, Leandros

    Information Delivery Through Broadcasting in Satellite Communication Networks Leandros Tassiulas­range multicasting capability of satellites and the asymmetry of satellite communications (high bandwidth downlink. We consider a data broadcasting model that is encountered in most asymmetric satellite communication

  4. Analysis of informal communication networks - a case study

    E-print Network

    Schoder, Detlef

    The structure and dynamics of informal communication networks are of central importance for the functionality of enterprise workflows and for performance and innovation of knowledge-centric organizations. While most ...

  5. Basic limits on protocol information in data communications networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallager, R. G.

    1976-01-01

    The paper considers basic limitations on the amount of protocol information that must be transmitted in a data communication network to keep track of source and receiver addresses and of the starting and stopping of messages. Assuming Poisson message arrivals between each communicating source-receiver pair, a lower bound is found on the required protocol information for message. This lower bound is the sum of two terms, one for the message-length information, which depends only on the distribution of message lengths, and the other for the message-start information, which depends only on the product of the source-receiver pair arrival rate and the expected delay for transmitting the message. Two strategies are developed which, in the limit of large numbers of sources and receivers, almost meet the lower bound on protocol information.

  6. The projects of Disaster-Resistant Information Communication Network at the Research Organization of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iwatsuki, Katsumi

    2012-12-01

    After the East Japan Great Earthquake, Tohoku University has established Research Organization of Electrical Communication to achieve the most advanced disaster-resistant information communication network in the world. In this paper, we will introduce our projects of "Disaster-Resistant Information Communication Network" based on industry-academia-government collaboration.

  7. Directedness of information flow in mobile phone communication networks.

    PubMed

    Peruani, Fernando; Tabourier, Lionel

    2011-01-01

    Without having direct access to the information that is being exchanged, traces of information flow can be obtained by looking at temporal sequences of user interactions. These sequences can be represented as causality trees whose statistics result from a complex interplay between the topology of the underlying (social) network and the time correlations among the communications. Here, we study causality trees in mobile-phone data, which can be represented as a dynamical directed network. This representation of the data reveals the existence of super-spreaders and super-receivers. We show that the tree statistics, respectively the information spreading process, are extremely sensitive to the in-out degree correlation exhibited by the users. We also learn that a given information, e.g., a rumor, would require users to retransmit it for more than 30 hours in order to cover a macroscopic fraction of the system. Our analysis indicates that topological node-node correlations of the underlying social network, while allowing the existence of information loops, they also promote information spreading. Temporal correlations, and therefore causality effects, are only visible as local phenomena and during short time scales. Consequently, the very idea that there is (intentional) information spreading beyond a small vecinity is called into question. These results are obtained through a combination of theory and data analysis techniques. PMID:22216128

  8. Communiquer autrement: les reseaux telematiques (Communicating Differently: Information Networks).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andaloussi, Jeanne El; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Innovative uses of technology for French language instruction are examined, including interactive video, information networks, and electronic mail. Illustrations are drawn from systems used in France. (MSE)

  9. David Meets Goliath on the Information Superhighway: Venezuela in the Context of the Electronic Communication Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanchez-Vegas, Saadia

    1995-01-01

    Discusses Venezuela's information and communications technology infrastructure and usage patterns; examines future networking plans; and addresses political and economic considerations linked to the information and technology problems in Venezuela and in Latin America in general. (LRW)

  10. Advanced information processing system: Authentication protocols for network communication

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harper, Richard E.; Adams, Stuart J.; Babikyan, Carol A.; Butler, Bryan P.; Clark, Anne L.; Lala, Jaynarayan H.

    1994-01-01

    In safety critical I/O and intercomputer communication networks, reliable message transmission is an important concern. Difficulties of communication and fault identification in networks arise primarily because the sender of a transmission cannot be identified with certainty, an intermediate node can corrupt a message without certainty of detection, and a babbling node cannot be identified and silenced without lengthy diagnosis and reconfiguration . Authentication protocols use digital signature techniques to verify the authenticity of messages with high probability. Such protocols appear to provide an efficient solution to many of these problems. The objective of this program is to develop, demonstrate, and evaluate intercomputer communication architectures which employ authentication. As a context for the evaluation, the authentication protocol-based communication concept was demonstrated under this program by hosting a real-time flight critical guidance, navigation and control algorithm on a distributed, heterogeneous, mixed redundancy system of workstations and embedded fault-tolerant computers.

  11. Grower Communication Networks: Information Sources for Organic Farmers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Chelsi; Grossman, Julie; Warren, Sarah T.; Cubbage, Fred

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on a study to determine which information sources organic growers use to inform farming practices by conducting in-depth semi-structured interviews with 23 organic farmers across 17 North Carolina counties. Effective information sources included: networking, agricultural organizations, universities, conferences, Extension, Web…

  12. Communication networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kennedy, R. S.; Wagner, S. S.; Sia, E. B.

    1984-01-01

    A research program to determine and demonstrate the principles to be followed in the design of local communication networks as typified by local area networks, private branch exchanges and internetted collections of such structures is planned. Two fundamental assumptions distinguish the research from much of the ongoing work: (1) a single integrated system is to provide a set of highly diverse communication services such as interactive terminal service, data base access, file transfers, graphics, and voice and video; and (2) a single mode optical fiber links with very wide bandwidths is economical. These assumptions are not satisfied by the networks now being designed, but based upon the perceived trend toward such integrated diverse services and the declining cost of single mode fiber technology. It is planned for the research to involve theoretical, experimental, and design activities.

  13. Sensor Networks Communication strategies

    E-print Network

    Chisci, Luigi

    Outline Sensor Networks Communication strategies Follow on Distributed estimation in sensor Distributed estimation 2 Communication strategies 3 Follow on A. Benavoli Fully Decentralized Networks #12;Outline Sensor Networks Communication strategies Follow on An introduction to Sensor Networks Network

  14. Communications Network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    The Multi-Compatible Network Interface Unit (MCNIU) is intended to connect the space station's communications and tracking, guidance and navigation, life support, electric power, payload data, hand controls, display consoles and other systems, and also communicate with diverse processors. Honeywell is now marketing MCNIU commercially. It has applicability in certain military operations or civil control centers. It has nongovernment utility among large companies, universities and research organizations that transfer large amounts of data among workstations and computers. *This product is no longer commercially available.

  15. Communicability in temporal networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Estrada, Ernesto

    2013-10-01

    A first-principles approach to quantify the communicability between pairs of nodes in temporal networks is proposed. It corresponds to the imaginary-time propagator of a quantum random walk in the temporal network, which accounts for unique structural and temporal characteristics of both streaming and nonstreaming temporal networks. The influence of the system's temperature on the perdurability of information and how the communicability identifies patterns of communication hidden in the temporal and topological structure of the networks are also studied for synthetic and real-world systems.

  16. Information -Communication Communication des entreprises

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    Information - Communication 2 PARCOURS Communication des entreprises Communication et solidarité;2 Information - Communication UFR Langues Appliquées, Commerce et Communication PRÉSENTATION Objectifs La Licence Information et communication est destinée aux étudiants qui souhaitent suivre un parcours

  17. TO APPEAR IN IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 44, NO. 6, OCTOBER 1998 1 Information Theory and Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    Kumar, Anurag

    TO APPEAR IN IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 44, NO. 6, OCTOBER 1998 1 Information--- Information theory has not yet had a direct im­ pact on networking, although there are similarities in con Information theory is the conscience of the theory of communication; it has defined the ``playing field

  18. Informing the network: Improving communication with interface communities during wildland fire

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Taylor, J.G.; Gillette, S.C.; Hodgson, R.W.; Downing, J.L.; Burns, M.R.; Chavez, D.J.; Hogan, J.T.

    2007-01-01

    An interagency research team studied fire communications that took place during different stages of two wildfires in southern California: one small fire of short duration and one large fire of long duration. This "quick- response" research showed that pre-fire communication planning was particularly effective for smaller fire events and parts of that planning proved invaluable for the large fire event as well. Information seeking by the affected public relied on locally convenient sources during the small fire. During the large fire, widespread evacuations disrupted many of the local informal communication networks. Residents' needs were for "real-time, " place-specific information: precise location, severity, size, and direction of spread of the fires. Fire management agencies must contribute real-time, place-specific fire information when it is most needed by the affected public, as they try to make sense out of the chaos of a wildland fire. Disseminating fire information as broadly as possible through multiple pathways will maximize the probability of the public finding the information they need. ?? Society for Human Ecology.

  19. Communicating immunization science: the genesis and evolution of the National Network for Immunization Information.

    PubMed

    Ledford, Christy J W; Willett, Kristen L; Kreps, Gary L

    2012-01-01

    For 10 years, the National Network for Immunization Information (NNii) has pursued its goal to "provide the public, health professionals, policy makers, and the media with up-to-date, scientifically valid information related to immunizations to help them understand the issues and to make informed decisions." This investigation provides a critical evaluation of the strategic communication planning and implementation of NNii from conception to present day. The study uses a case study methodology, developing a systematic analysis of organizational documents, the media environment, and in-depth interviews by applying Weick's model of organizing as an interpretive framework. Iterative data analysis included open coding, axial coding, and thematic saturation. Themes were compared with phases of strategic communication and present study propositions. Major themes identified included the organization's informative nature, funding credibility, nonbranding, reflective evaluation, collaborative partnerships, and media strategy. NNii meets the requirements of requisite variety, nonsummativity, and organizational flexibility proposed by Weick's model of organizing. However, a lack of systematic evaluation of organization goals prevents it from adapting communication tactics and strategies. In addition, the authors recommend that NNii, while maintaining its informative nature, adopt persuasive strategies to attract and retain the attention of its target audiences. PMID:22026482

  20. Information dissemination in disadvantaged wireless communications using a data dissemination service and content data network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gillen, Matthew; Loyall, Joseph; Zita Haigh, Karen; Walsh, Robert; Partridge, Craig; Lauer, Gregory; Strayer, Timothy

    2012-05-01

    Disadvantaged wireless communications, such as those in fractionated spacecraft systems, need real-time, reliable, and fault tolerant information dissemination from information producers (such as sensors) to information consumers (such as information exploitation, analysis, or command and control systems). Such systems are well-suited to the publishsubscribe paradigm, but cannot afford the large footprint of many publish-subscribe systems and do not provide the underlying high-bandwidth, stable connectivity many publish-subscribe systems assume. Similarly, publish-subscribe systems cannot, by themselves, provide the real-time performance and quality of service needed by many missioncritical and spacecraft applications; they need enforcement and control provided by an underlying network. This paper presents a concept for a dissemination system suited to space-borne platforms that combines a lightweight implementation of the OMG's Data Dissemination Service with a simplified Content Delivery Network. The result is a topic-based publish-subscribe information dissemination service that supports decoupled publishers and subscribers of varying numbers, automated failover, and quality of service (QoS), coupled with a topic-based network that can enforce QoS parameters and efficiently deliver published messages based on the subscriptions registered by consumers.

  1. General practice and the Internet revolution. Use of an Internet social network to communicate information on prevention in France.

    PubMed

    Veuillotte, Isabelle; Morel, Gilles; Pitois, Stephane; Haler, Renaud; Mercier, Patricia; Aubry, Catherine; Cannet, Didier

    2015-03-01

    The popularity of social networks and the huge number of exchanges have made them immensely important for the communication of information. This French study explored prevention in hereditary breast cancer using a social Internet network to communicate information. The principal objective was to inform French women aged from 20 to 50 years, using the social network Facebook, about the warning signs of breast cancer in cases of a predisposition to the disease due to a genetic mutation. The secondary objectives were to inform people about screening. An information page entitled "hereditary breast cancer: and if I was concerned?" was distributed in 3 different ways: from friend to friend, via groups of persons, and by targeted advertising. Four articles and 11 messages were distributed over 27 days. The total number of visits for this period amounted to 1019. A total of 81 percent of the Internauts were women and 55 percent of the visitors were aged between 25 and 44 years. Other information campaigns concerning public health issues could be conducted using this tool. A legal framework is necessary to preserve the quality of the medical information provided. This new means of communication, used for prevention purposes, will add to other frequently used methods of communication. PMID:25784641

  2. Overview of the Space Station communications networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Joseph F.; Willett, Daniel; Paul, Sunil

    1990-01-01

    Within the Space Station Freedom program, the communications and data-processing capabilities that will be used to handle the operational and scientific information needs will be provided by a Space Station information and communications system. This system will be composed of a variety of elements, networks, and subnetworks. The networks and how they are interconnected are described. The discussion covers communications system elements and services, elements of the onboard systems, wide-area transport network elements, and command and control elements.

  3. Information Communication Technology/ Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    Information Communication Technology/ Information Technology This sheet has sample occupations with a concentration in information communication technology/information technology. Apple County Public Education System Edelman General Motors Google Microsoft Tallahassee Memorial HealthCare Zimmerman Agency Sample

  4. Extracting information from informal communication

    E-print Network

    Rennie, Jason D. M. (Jason Daniel Malyutin), 1976-

    2007-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the problem of extracting information from informal communication. Textual informal communication, such as e-mail, bulletin boards and blogs, has become a vast information resource. However, such ...

  5. Architecting space communication networks

    E-print Network

    Sanchez Net, Marc

    2014-01-01

    Reliable communication and navigation services are critical to robotic and human space missions. NASA currently provides them through three independent and uncoordinated network that consist of both Earth-based and space-based ...

  6. Digital information and communication networks and scientific research substance: An investigation of meteorology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Yi

    This study investigated research meteorologists' current usage and evaluation of information and communication technologies (ICT) in performing research tasks and the current relationship between meteorologists' ICT use and content characteristics of their research outputs. It surveyed research meteorologists working in three NOAA funded research institutes based at universities. Follow-up interviews with two selective samples of the survey participants were conducted to provide additional evidence to survey results and make suggestions for future measurement development work. Multiple regression analysis was performed to test the hypothesized relationships between meteorologists' ICT use and two substantive characteristics of their research---data integration and intra-/interdisciplinarity. Descriptive statistics were calculated to discern inferences of the scientists' current state of use and their degree of satisfaction with ICT tools. Follow-up interviews were transcribed and analyzed qualitatively with open coding and axial coding. The study findings contradicted the two assumptions of ICT effects on meteorological research by showing that the greater frequency of networked ICT use is not significantly associated with either greater data integration in research analysis, or greater intra- or interdisciplinary research. The major ICT barrier is the lack of a data and information infrastructure and support system for integrated, standardized, specialized, and easily accessible data and information from distributed servers. Suggestions were provided on the improvements of technical, social, political, and educational settings to promote large-scale date integration and intra-/interdisciplinary research. By moving further from theoretical assumptions to practical examinations, the research findings provide empirical evidence of Bowker's theories on the social shaping and social impact of infrastructure in sciences and affirmed some of Bowker's arguments regarding both social-political aspect and technical aspect of e-science practice. The results also provide implications for Computer-Mediated-Communication theories. The knowledge helps information system developers identify several important issues in current systems planning and development. The study also helps librarians, information scientists, and meteorologists both recognize the importance of and develop their collaboration in data, information, and knowledge management. Finally, the study could aid research institutes and government funding agencies to develop appropriate strategies to optimize the effective use of ICT resources and augment its positive impact on sciences.

  7. Hyperswitch Communication Network Computer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peterson, John C.; Chow, Edward T.; Priel, Moshe; Upchurch, Edwin T.

    1993-01-01

    Hyperswitch Communications Network (HCN) computer is prototype multiple-processor computer being developed. Incorporates improved version of hyperswitch communication network described in "Hyperswitch Network For Hypercube Computer" (NPO-16905). Designed to support high-level software and expansion of itself. HCN computer is message-passing, multiple-instruction/multiple-data computer offering significant advantages over older single-processor and bus-based multiple-processor computers, with respect to price/performance ratio, reliability, availability, and manufacturing. Design of HCN operating-system software provides flexible computing environment accommodating both parallel and distributed processing. Also achieves balance among following competing factors; performance in processing and communications, ease of use, and tolerance of (and recovery from) faults.

  8. Simulator of Space Communication Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clare, Loren; Jennings, Esther; Gao, Jay; Segui, John; Kwong, Winston

    2005-01-01

    Multimission Advanced Communications Hybrid Environment for Test and Evaluation (MACHETE) is a suite of software tools that simulates the behaviors of communication networks to be used in space exploration, and predict the performance of established and emerging space communication protocols and services. MACHETE consists of four general software systems: (1) a system for kinematic modeling of planetary and spacecraft motions; (2) a system for characterizing the engineering impact on the bandwidth and reliability of deep-space and in-situ communication links; (3) a system for generating traffic loads and modeling of protocol behaviors and state machines; and (4) a system of user-interface for performance metric visualizations. The kinematic-modeling system makes it possible to characterize space link connectivity effects, including occultations and signal losses arising from dynamic slant-range changes and antenna radiation patterns. The link-engineering system also accounts for antenna radiation patterns and other phenomena, including modulations, data rates, coding, noise, and multipath fading. The protocol system utilizes information from the kinematic-modeling and link-engineering systems to simulate operational scenarios of space missions and evaluate overall network performance. In addition, a Communications Effect Server (CES) interface for MACHETE has been developed to facilitate hybrid simulation of space communication networks with actual flight/ground software/hardware embedded in the overall system.

  9. Control and Communication Challenges in Networked

    E-print Network

    Antsaklis, Panos

    questions in communications, information processing, and control dealing with the relationship betweenINVITED P A P E R Control and Communication Challenges in Networked Real-Time Systems Systems now aspects of this relationship. We also aim to provide a bridge between networked control systems

  10. Timely redistribution of information for epidemiological surveillance and alert: the experience from the French communicable diseases network.

    PubMed Central

    Valleron, Alain-Jacques; Vidal, Jaques J.

    2002-01-01

    Since 1984 the French Communicable Disease Network (FCDN) collects and analyses epidemiological information obtained online from a team of "Sentinel General Practitioners" (SGPs). It redistributes this information in the form of standardised weekly incidence estimates. These weekly estimates now appear on the Internet and are the basis for issuing alerts of influenza epidemics. We postulate that day to day estimations would be highly desirable to achieve timely detection of the actual onset of the epidemic, a need dramatically underscored by the emergence of bioterrorism. The present paper suggests the feasibility of reconstructing daily epidemiological information using local smoothing with a suitable spline function to obtain short latency alert messages. PMID:12463941

  11. Social network analysis and dual rover communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Litaker, Harry L.; Howard, Robert L.

    2013-10-01

    Social network analysis (SNA) refers to the collection of techniques, tools, and methods used in sociometry aiming at the analysis of social networks to investigate decision making, group communication, and the distribution of information. Human factors engineers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducted a social network analysis on communication data collected during a 14-day field study operating a dual rover exploration mission to better understand the relationships between certain network groups such as ground control, flight teams, and planetary science. The analysis identified two communication network structures for the continuous communication and Twice-a-Day Communication scenarios as a split network and negotiated network respectfully. The major nodes or groups for the networks' architecture, transmittal status, and information were identified using graphical network mapping, quantitative analysis of subjective impressions, and quantified statistical analysis using Sociometric Statue and Centrality. Post-questionnaire analysis along with interviews revealed advantages and disadvantages of each network structure with team members identifying the need for a more stable continuous communication network, improved robustness of voice loops, and better systems training/capabilities for scientific imagery data and operational data during Twice-a-Day Communications.

  12. Secure Network Communications

    E-print Network

    Data Secure Network Communications FIPS 1402 Module v1.0 is defined as a dynamicallylinked library (DLL deterministic random number generation. Platform Module File Name Microsoft Windows XP SP3 FipsComm.dll is the dynamicallylinked library, FipsComm.dll. The physical cryptographic boundary contains the general purpose computing

  13. Quantum network communication -- the butterfly and beyond

    E-print Network

    Debbie Leung; Jonathan Oppenheim; Andreas Winter

    2009-12-03

    We study the k-pair communication problem for quantum information in networks of quantum channels. We consider the asymptotic rates of high fidelity quantum communication between specific sender-receiver pairs. Four scenarios of classical communication assistance (none, forward, backward, and two-way) are considered. (i) We obtain outer and inner bounds of the achievable rate regions in the most general directed networks. (ii) For two particular networks (including the butterfly network) routing is proved optimal, and the free assisting classical communication can at best be used to modify the directions of quantum channels in the network. Consequently, the achievable rate regions are given by counting edge avoiding paths, and precise achievable rate regions in all four assisting scenarios can be obtained. (iii) Optimality of routing can also be proved in classes of networks. The first class consists of directed unassisted networks in which (1) the receivers are information sinks, (2) the maximum distance from senders to receivers is small, and (3) a certain type of 4-cycles are absent, but without further constraints (such as on the number of communicating and intermediate parties). The second class consists of arbitrary backward-assisted networks with 2 sender-receiver pairs. (iv) Beyond the k-pair communication problem, observations are made on quantum multicasting and a static version of network communication related to the entanglement of assistance.

  14. The physics of communicability in complex networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Estrada, Ernesto; Hatano, Naomichi; Benzi, Michele

    2012-05-01

    A fundamental problem in the study of complex networks is to provide quantitative measures of correlation and information flow between different parts of a system. To this end, several notions of communicability have been introduced and applied to a wide variety of real-world networks in recent years. Several such communicability functions are reviewed in this paper. It is emphasized that communication and correlation in networks can take place through many more routes than the shortest paths, a fact that may not have been sufficiently appreciated in previously proposed correlation measures. In contrast to these, the communicability measures reviewed in this paper are defined by taking into account all possible routes between two nodes, assigning smaller weights to longer ones. This point of view naturally leads to the definition of communicability in terms of matrix functions, such as the exponential, resolvent, and hyperbolic functions, in which the matrix argument is either the adjacency matrix or the graph Laplacian associated with the network. Considerable insight on communicability can be gained by modeling a network as a system of oscillators and deriving physical interpretations, both classical and quantum-mechanical, of various communicability functions. Applications of communicability measures to the analysis of complex systems are illustrated on a variety of biological, physical and social networks. The last part of the paper is devoted to a review of the notion of locality in complex networks and to computational aspects that by exploiting sparsity can greatly reduce the computational efforts for the calculation of communicability functions for large networks.

  15. 2416 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 44, NO. 6, OCTOBER 1998 Information Theory and Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    Hajek, Bruce

    bandwidth of bursty data sources, deterministic constraints on datastreams, queuing theory, and switching2416 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 44, NO. 6, OCTOBER 1998 Information Theory (Invited Paper) Abstract--Information theory has not yet had a direct impact on networking, although

  16. Covert Communication Networks 

    E-print Network

    Nix, Timothy Glen

    2013-08-02

    Impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 4.2 Optimal Covert Communications Network Topology . . . . . . . . . . 41 4.3 Examples of Optimal Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 4.3.1 Girth-5 Cages... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 4.1 Plots of the anticipated (G) for k-regular, k-connected G 2 Gn with girth(G) 5 (should it exist) for each k and each n. . . . . . . . . . 41 4.2 (3; 5)-cage - The Petersen graph and associated survivor graph . . . . 47 4.3 Gunther...

  17. Information-Theoretic Integration of Sensing and Communication for Active Robot Networks

    E-print Network

    Frew, Eric W.

    applications, such as exploration, persistent surveillance, and area coverage, proactive motion and cooperation of the sensed data and information between individual nodes, enabling coordination over large areas. Actuation-level objectives. Future robotic sensor networks are expected to provide ubiquitous percep- tion for a wide variety

  18. 2015 IEEE 5th International Conference on Electronics Information and Emergency Communication

    E-print Network

    Tam, Vincent W. L.

    communications (3) Big Data and Intelligent Computing (4) Electronics Information and Communication Engineering: Emergency Communications Communication Engineering Emergency communication Computer Networks and Data2015 IEEE 5th International Conference on Electronics Information and Emergency Communication May

  19. The social network and the geo-hydrological information: the CNR IRPI Facebook page as example of communication.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fiorucci, Federica; Bianchi, Cinzia; Marchesini, Ivan; Salvati, Paola; Fugnoli, Federico; Guzzetti, Fausto

    2014-05-01

    Good communication is a fundamental step for the spread of news and knowledge. The effectiveness and persuasiveness of a message is a function of the interaction of characteristics of the audience, the source of the message, and content of the message. Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI) has been publishing information on geo-hydrological events using the Internet (http://sici.irpi.cnr.it/, http://webmap.irpi.cnr.it/, http://geomorphology.irpi.cnr.it/, http://polaris.irpi.cnr.it/, http://giida.irpi.cnr.it/, http://events.irpi.cnr.it/ ). Our websites are mainly visited by experts and the information are used for technical purposes. The contents and the interface of the websites are designed for this type of users. Our intention is to increase the type of users, and we are testing the use of social network to catch the wide public's attention. Social networks have emerged as critical factor in information dissemination, search, marketing expertise and influence discovery, and are an important channel for people to share information. Social scientist have long recognized the importance of social networks in the spread of information. Facebook and Twitter are the most widely used social networking services. They make it simpler to communicate with multiple people at one time. Social media may also make it easier for users to monitor activities of people (friends or followers). An official Facebook page of the Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI, https://www.facebook.com/CNR.IRPI ), was created and linked to a Twitter account. The purpose of this page is to disseminate information on flood and landslide events and on our research activities, in order to raise awareness of geo-hydrological matters among users. This page publishes news on current or historical landslide and flood events involving the Italian territory, or news from around the world collected on the network. The news are published as text or links to videos or photos collected from the network. Facebook provides statistics regarding access the page and the interactions that users have with the news published. These statistics make it possible to quantify the interest of the users to the content of the news (post events, new publication institute, etc.). The way the news are published (only in text mode, with photographic or video images), the novelty (current event or historical) and the location (events in Italy or abroad) are all messages characteristic's that increase the audience attention. This work has highlighted the significance of the characteristics that can draw the attention of the public regarding landslide and flood information.

  20. LMSS communication network design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    The architecture of the telecommunication network as the first step in the design of the LMSS system is described. A set of functional requirements including the total number of users to be served by the LMSS are hypothesized. The design parameters are then defined at length and are systematically selected such that the resultant system is capable of serving the hypothesized number of users. The design of the backhaul link is presented. The number of multiple backhaul beams required for communication to the base stations is determined. A conceptual procedure for call-routing and locating a mobile subscriber within the LMSS network is presented. The various steps in placing a call are explained, and the relationship between the two sets of UHF and S-band multiple beams is developed. A summary of the design parameters is presented.

  1. NASA technology transfer network communications and information system: TUNS user survey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Applied Expertise surveyed the users of the deployed Technology Utilization Network System (TUNS) and surveyed prospective new users in order to gather background information for developing the Concept Document of the system that will upgrade and replace TUNS. Survey participants broadly agree that automated mechanisms for acquiring, managing, and disseminating new technology and spinoff benefits information can and should play an important role in meeting NASA technology utilization goals. However, TUNS does not meet this need for most users. The survey describes a number of systematic improvements that will make it easier to use the technology transfer mechanism, and thus expedite the collection and dissemination of technology information. The survey identified 26 suggestions for enhancing the technology transfer system and related processes.

  2. Speech Communication and Telephone Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gierlich, H. W.

    Speech communication over telephone networks has one major constraint: The communication has to be “real time”. The basic principle since the beginning of all telephone networks has been to provide a communication system capable of substituting the air path between two persons having a conversation at 1-m distance. This is the so-called orthotelephonic reference position [7]. Although many technical compromises must be made to enable worldwide communication over telephone networks, it is still the goal to achieve speech quality performance which is close to this reference.

  3. Switch for serial or parallel communication networks

    DOEpatents

    Crosette, D.B.

    1994-07-19

    A communication switch apparatus and a method for use in a geographically extensive serial, parallel or hybrid communication network linking a multi-processor or parallel processing system has a very low software processing overhead in order to accommodate random burst of high density data. Associated with each processor is a communication switch. A data source and a data destination, a sensor suite or robot for example, may also be associated with a switch. The configuration of the switches in the network are coordinated through a master processor node and depends on the operational phase of the multi-processor network: data acquisition, data processing, and data exchange. The master processor node passes information on the state to be assumed by each switch to the processor node associated with the switch. The processor node then operates a series of multi-state switches internal to each communication switch. The communication switch does not parse and interpret communication protocol and message routing information. During a data acquisition phase, the communication switch couples sensors producing data to the processor node associated with the switch, to a downlink destination on the communications network, or to both. It also may couple an uplink data source to its processor node. During the data exchange phase, the switch couples its processor node or an uplink data source to a downlink destination (which may include a processor node or a robot), or couples an uplink source to its processor node and its processor node to a downlink destination. 9 figs.

  4. Switch for serial or parallel communication networks

    DOEpatents

    Crosette, Dario B. (DeSoto, TX)

    1994-01-01

    A communication switch apparatus and a method for use in a geographically extensive serial, parallel or hybrid communication network linking a multi-processor or parallel processing system has a very low software processing overhead in order to accommodate random burst of high density data. Associated with each processor is a communication switch. A data source and a data destination, a sensor suite or robot for example, may also be associated with a switch. The configuration of the switches in the network are coordinated through a master processor node and depends on the operational phase of the multi-processor network: data acquisition, data processing, and data exchange. The master processor node passes information on the state to be assumed by each switch to the processor node associated with the switch. The processor node then operates a series of multi-state switches internal to each communication switch. The communication switch does not parse and interpret communication protocol and message routing information. During a data acquisition phase, the communication switch couples sensors producing data to the processor node associated with the switch, to a downlink destination on the communications network, or to both. It also may couple an uplink data source to its processor node. During the data exchange phase, the switch couples its processor node or an uplink data source to a downlink destination (which may include a processor node or a robot), or couples an uplink source to its processor node and its processor node to a downlink destination.

  5. UPDATING AND DOWNDATING TECHNIQUES FOR OPTIMIZING NETWORK COMMUNICABILITY

    E-print Network

    Benzi, Michele

    network analysis to homeland security, from economics to the humanities, from marketing to informationUPDATING AND DOWNDATING TECHNIQUES FOR OPTIMIZING NETWORK COMMUNICABILITY FRANCESCA ARRIGO AND MICHELE BENZI Abstract. The total communicability of a network (or graph) is defined as the sum

  6. Measurement of Computer Communication Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrams, Marshall D.; And Others

    Measures, tools, and techniques applicable to the performance measurement of computer communication networks are described for technicians who procure computer services from a remote access network. Cost considerations are discussed as a major component of evaluation, and measurement and evaluation methodologies are surveyed. External measurement…

  7. 77 FR 35336 - Privacy and Security of Information Stored on Mobile Communications Devices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-13

    ...customer- specific network information raise new...Section 222 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended...customer proprietary network information'' (CPNI...party for purposes of network diagnostics or improving...customers' mobile communications devices. The...

  8. Communication Dynamics in Finite Capacity Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haerter, Jan O.; Jamtveit, Bjřrn; Mathiesen, Joachim

    2012-10-01

    In communication networks, structure and dynamics are tightly coupled. The structure controls the flow of information and is itself shaped by the dynamical process of information exchanged between nodes. In order to reconcile structure and dynamics, a generic model, based on the local interaction between nodes, is considered for the communication in large social networks. In agreement with data from a large human organization, we show that the flow is non-Markovian and controlled by the temporal limitations of individuals. We confirm the versatility of our model by predicting simultaneously the degree-dependent node activity, the balance between information input and output of nodes, and the degree distribution. Finally, we quantify the limitations to network analysis when it is based on data sampled over a finite period of time.

  9. Wireless Sensor Network to Satellite Master thesis in Information and Communication Technology

    E-print Network

    Brest, Université de

    . Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) currently is a solution for many practical problems in emer- gency and environment controlling. Obviously, WSN is deployed in many regions and works effec- tively to monitor weather opportunities in cooperation between satellite and WSN to control remotely the distant WSN, i.e ocean, desert

  10. Data communication network at the ASRM facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moorhead, Robert J., II; Smith, Wayne D.

    1993-01-01

    This report describes the simulation of the overall communication network structure for the Advanced Solid Rocket Motor (ASRM) facility being built at Yellow Creek near Iuka, Mississippi as of today. The report is compiled using information received from NASA/MSFC, LMSC, AAD, and RUST Inc. As per the information gathered, the overall network structure will have one logical FDDI ring acting as a backbone for the whole complex. The buildings will be grouped into two categories viz. manufacturing intensive and manufacturing non-intensive. The manufacturing intensive buildings will be connected via FDDI to the Operational Information System (OIS) in the main computing center in B_1000. The manufacturing non-intensive buildings will be connected by 10BASE-FL to the OIS through the Business Information System (BIS) hub in the main computing center. All the devices inside B_1000 will communicate with the BIS. The workcells will be connected to the Area Supervisory Computers (ASCs) through the nearest manufacturing intensive hub and one of the OIS hubs. Comdisco's Block Oriented Network Simulator (BONeS) has been used to simulate the performance of the network. BONeS models a network topology, traffic, data structures, and protocol functions using a graphical interface. The main aim of the simulations was to evaluate the loading of the OIS, the BIS, and the ASCs, and the network links by the traffic generated by the workstations and workcells throughout the site.

  11. NASA Integrated Space Communications Network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tai, Wallace; Wright, Nate; Prior, Mike; Bhasin, Kul

    2012-01-01

    The NASA Integrated Network for Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) has been in the definition phase since 2010. It is intended to integrate NASA s three existing network elements, i.e., the Space Network, Near Earth Network, and Deep Space Network, into a single network. In addition to the technical merits, the primary purpose of the Integrated Network is to achieve a level of operating cost efficiency significantly higher than it is today. Salient features of the Integrated Network include (a) a central system element that performs service management functions and user mission interfaces for service requests; (b) a set of common service execution equipment deployed at the all stations that provides return, forward, and radiometric data processing and delivery capabilities; (c) the network monitor and control operations for the entire integrated network are conducted remotely and centrally at a prime-shift site and rotating among three sites globally (a follow-the-sun approach); (d) the common network monitor and control software deployed at all three network elements that supports the follow-the-sun operations.

  12. Resource Allocation in Communication Networks When Users are Strategic

    E-print Network

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    Resource Allocation in Communication Networks When Users are Strategic A THESIS submitted by ANIL This is to certify that the thesis titled Resource Allocation in Communication Networks When Users are Strategic information resides privately with users and users are assumed to be strategic. In this work, an efficient

  13. Network-Centric Quantum Communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hughes, Richard

    2014-03-01

    Single-photon quantum communications (QC) offers ``future-proof'' cryptographic security rooted in the laws of physics. Today's quantum-secured communications cannot be compromised by unanticipated future technological advances. But to date, QC has only existed in point-to-point instantiations that have limited ability to address the cyber security challenges of our increasingly networked world. In my talk I will describe a fundamentally new paradigm of network-centric quantum communications (NQC) that leverages the network to bring scalable, QC-based security to user groups that may have no direct user-to-user QC connectivity. With QC links only between each of N users and a trusted network node, NQC brings quantum security to N2 user pairs, and to multi-user groups. I will describe a novel integrated photonics quantum smartcard (``QKarD'') and its operation in a multi-node NQC test bed. The QKarDs are used to implement the quantum cryptographic protocols of quantum identification, quantum key distribution and quantum secret splitting. I will explain how these cryptographic primitives are used to provide key management for encryption, authentication, and non-repudiation for user-to-user communications. My talk will conclude with a description of a recent demonstration that QC can meet both the security and quality-of-service (latency) requirements for electric grid control commands and data. These requirements cannot be met simultaneously with present-day cryptography.

  14. Network and Index Coding with Application to Robust and Secure Communications 

    E-print Network

    El Rouayheb, Salim Y.

    2011-02-22

    Since its introduction in the year 2000 by Ahlswede et al., the network coding paradigm has revolutionized the way we understand information flows in networks. Traditionally, information transmitted in a communication network was treated as a...

  15. Information and communication technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Edelson, Burton I.; Pelton, Joseph N.; Bostian, Charles W.; Brandon, William T.; Chan, Vincent W. S.; Hager, E. Paul; Helm, Neil R.; Jennings, Raymond D.; Kwan, Robert K.; Mahle, Christoph E.

    1994-01-01

    NASA and the National Science Foundation (NSF) commissioned a panel of U.S. experts to study the international status of satellite communications systems and technology. The study covers emerging systems concepts, applications, services, and the attendant technologies. The panel members traveled to Europe, Japan, and Russia to gather information firsthand. They visited 17 sites in Europe, 20 in Japan, and 4 in Russia. These included major manufacturers, government organizations, service providers, and associated research and development facilities. The panel's report was reviewed by the sites visited, by the panel, and by representatives of U.S. industry. The report details the information collected and compares it to U.S. activities.

  16. Communication in automation, including networking and wireless

    E-print Network

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Communication in automation, including networking and wireless Nicholas Kottenstette and Panos J and networking in automation is given. Digital communication fundamentals are reviewed and networked control are presented. 1 Introduction 1.1 Why communication is necessary in automated systems Automated systems use

  17. Noise properties of linear molecular communication networks

    E-print Network

    New South Wales, University of

    in engineering synthetic or artificial molecular communication networks in disciplines such as synthetic biology to be able to engineer synthetic molecular communication networks, one needs to understand the propertiesNoise properties of linear molecular communication networks Chun Tung Chou1 1 University of New

  18. Dynamic information routing in complex networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirst, Christoph; Timme, Marc; Battaglia, Demian

    2015-03-01

    Flexible information routing fundamentally underlies the function of many biological and artificial networks. Yet, how information may be specifically communicated and dynamically routed in these systems is not well understood. Here we demonstrate that collective dynamical states systematically control patterns of information sharing and transfer in networks, as measured by delayed mutual information and transfer entropies between activities of a network's units. For oscillatory networks we analyze how individual unit properties, the connectivity structure and external inputs all provide means to flexibly control information routing. For multi-scale, modular architectures, we resolve communication patterns at all levels and show how local interventions within one sub-network may remotely control the non-local network-wide routing of information. This theory helps understanding information routing patterns across systems where collective dynamics co-occurs with a communication function.

  19. The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network

    E-print Network

    Conover, Michael D; Ferrara, Emilio; McKelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

    2013-01-01

    Social movements rely in large measure on networked communication technologies to organize and disseminate information relating to the movements' objectives. In this work we seek to understand how the goals and needs of a protest movement are reflected in the geographic patterns of its communication network, and how these patterns differ from those of stable political communication. To this end, we examine an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweets from a thirty-six week period covering the birth and maturation of the American anticapitalist movement, Occupy Wall Street. We find that, compared to a network of stable domestic political communication, the Occupy Wall Street network exhibits higher levels of locality and a hub and spoke structure, in which the majority of non-local attention is allocated to high-profile locations such as New York, California, and Washington D.C. Moreover, we observe that information flows across state boundaries are more likely to contain framing lang...

  20. Geographical dispersal of mobile communication networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambiotte, Renaud; Blondel, Vincent D.; de Kerchove, Cristobald; Huens, Etienne; Prieur, Christophe; Smoreda, Zbigniew; Van Dooren, Paul

    2008-09-01

    In this paper, we analyze statistical properties of a communication network constructed from the records of a mobile phone company. The network consists of 2.5 million customers that have placed 810 million communications (phone calls and text messages) over a period of 6 months and for whom we have geographical home localization information. It is shown that the degree distribution in this network has a power-law degree distribution k-5 and that the probability that two customers are connected by a link follows a gravity model, i.e. decreases as d-2, where d is the distance between the customers. We also consider the geographical extension of communication triangles and we show that communication triangles are not only composed of geographically adjacent nodes but that they may extend over large distances. This last property is not captured by the existing models of geographical networks and in a last section we propose a new model that reproduces the observed property. Our model, which is based on the migration and on the local adaptation of agents, is then studied analytically and the resulting predictions are confirmed by computer simulations.

  1. Communications for unattended sensor networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nemeroff, Jay L.; Angelini, Paul; Orpilla, Mont; Garcia, Luis; DiPierro, Stefano

    2004-07-01

    The future model of the US Army's Future Combat Systems (FCS) and the Future Force reflects a combat force that utilizes lighter armor protection than the current standard. Survival on the future battlefield will be increased by the use of advanced situational awareness provided by unattended tactical and urban sensors that detect, identify, and track enemy targets and threats. Successful implementation of these critical sensor fields requires the development of advanced sensors, sensor and data-fusion processors, and a specialized communications network. To ensure warfighter and asset survivability, the communications must be capable of near real-time dissemination of the sensor data using robust, secure, stealthy, and jam resistant links so that the proper and decisive action can be taken. Communications will be provided to a wide-array of mission-specific sensors that are capable of processing data from acoustic, magnetic, seismic, and/or Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) sensors. Other, more powerful, sensor node configurations will be capable of fusing sensor data and intelligently collect and process data images from infrared or visual imaging cameras. The radio waveform and networking protocols being developed under the Soldier Level Integrated Communications Environment (SLICE) Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW) and the Networked Sensors for the Future Force Advanced Technology Demonstration are part of an effort to develop a common waveform family which will operate across multiple tactical domains including dismounted soldiers, ground sensor, munitions, missiles and robotics. These waveform technologies will ultimately be transitioned to the JTRS library, specifically the Cluster 5 requirement.

  2. Data communication network at the ASRM facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moorhead, Robert J., III; Smith, Wayne D.; Nirgudkar, Ravi; Dement, James

    1994-01-01

    This three-year project (February 1991 to February 1994) has involved analyzing and helping to design the communication network for the Advanced Solid Rocket Motor (ASRM) facility at Yellow Creek, near Iuka, MS. The principal concerns in the analysis were the bandwidth (both on average and in the worst case) and the expandability of the network. As the communication network was designed and modified, a careful evaluation of the bandwidth of the network, the capabilities of the protocol, and the requirements of the controllers and computers on the network was required. The overall network, which was heterogeneous in protocol and bandwidth, needed to be modeled, analyzed, and simulated to obtain some degree of confidence in its performance capabilities and in its performance under nominal and heavy loads. The results of our analysis did have an impact on the design and operation of the ASRM facility. During 1993 we analyzed many configurations of this basic network structure. The analyses are described in detail in Section 2 and 3 herein. Section 2 reports on an analysis of the whole network. The preliminary results of that research indicated that the most likely bottleneck as the network traffic increased would be the hubs. Thus a study of Cabletron hubs was initiated. The results of that study are in Section 3. Section 4 herein reports on the final network configuration analyzed. When the ASRM facility was mothballed in December of 1993, this was basically the planned and partially installed network. A briefing was held at NASA/MSFC on December 7, 1993, at which time our final analysis and conclusions were disseminated. This report contains a written record of most of the information disseminated at that briefing.

  3. 77 FR 36305 - Stream Communications Network & Media, Inc.; Order of Suspension of Trading

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-18

    ...EXCHANGE COMMISSION [File No. 500-1] Stream Communications Network & Media, Inc.; Order of Suspension of Trading...information concerning the securities of Stream Communications Network & Media, Inc. because it has not filed any...

  4. Data communication network at the ASRM facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moorhead, Robert J., II; Smith, Wayne D.; Nirgudkar, Ravi; Zhu, Zhifan; Robinson, Walter

    1993-01-01

    The main objective of the report is to present the overall communication network structure for the Advanced Solid Rocket Motor (ASRM) facility being built at Yellow Creek near Iuka, Mississippi. This report is compiled using information received from NASA/MSFC, LMSC, AAD, and RUST Inc. As per the information gathered, the overall network structure will have one logical FDDI ring acting as a backbone for the whole complex. The buildings will be grouped into two categories viz. manufacturing critical and manufacturing non-critical. The manufacturing critical buildings will be connected via FDDI to the Operational Information System (OIS) in the main computing center in B 1000. The manufacturing non-critical buildings will be connected by 10BASE-FL to the Business Information System (BIS) in the main computing center. The workcells will be connected to the Area Supervisory Computers (ASCs) through the nearest manufacturing critical hub and one of the OIS hubs. The network structure described in this report will be the basis for simulations to be carried out next year. The Comdisco's Block Oriented Network Simulator (BONeS) will be used for the network simulation. The main aim of the simulations will be to evaluate the loading of the OIS, the BIS, the ASCs, and the network links by the traffic generated by the workstations and workcells throughout the site.

  5. Communication devices for network-hopping communications and methods of network-hopping communications

    DOEpatents

    Buttles, John W. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2011-12-20

    Wireless communication devices include a software-defined radio coupled to processing circuitry. The processing circuitry is configured to execute computer programming code. Storage media is coupled to the processing circuitry and includes computer programming code configured to cause the processing circuitry to configure and reconfigure the software-defined radio to operate on each of a plurality of communication networks according to a selected sequence. Methods for communicating with a wireless device and methods of wireless network-hopping are also disclosed.

  6. Communication devices for network-hopping communications and methods of network-hopping communications

    DOEpatents

    Buttles, John W

    2013-04-23

    Wireless communication devices include a software-defined radio coupled to processing circuitry. The system controller is configured to execute computer programming code. Storage media is coupled to the system controller and includes computer programming code configured to cause the system controller to configure and reconfigure the software-defined radio to operate on each of a plurality of communication networks according to a selected sequence. Methods for communicating with a wireless device and methods of wireless network-hopping are also disclosed.

  7. A vision of network-centric military communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conklin, Ross, Jr.; Burbank, Jack; Nichols, Robert, Jr.

    2005-05-01

    This paper presents a vision for a future capability-based military communications system that considers user requirements. Historically, the military has developed and fielded many specialized communications systems. While these systems solved immediate communications problems, they were not designed to operate with other systems. As information has become more important to the execution of war, the "stove-pipe" nature of the communications systems deployed by the military is no longer acceptable. Realizing this, the military has begun the transformation of communications to a network-centric communications paradigm. However, the specialized communications systems were developed in response to the widely varying environments related to military communications. These environments, and the necessity for effective communications within these environments, do not disappear under the network-centric paradigm. In fact, network-centric communications allows for one message to cross many of these environments by transiting multiple networks. The military would also like one communications approach that is capable of working well in multiple environments. This paper presents preliminary work on the creation of a framework that allows for a reconfigurable device that is capable of adapting to the physical and network environments. The framework returns to the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) architecture with the addition of a standardized intra-layer control interface for control information exchange, a standardized data interface and a proposed device architecture based on the software radio.

  8. Space network support for lunar communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jordan, Michael A.

    1991-01-01

    The space network can provide high data rate lunar communications as an alternative or adjunct to an expansion of the deep space network. Use of a space-based system can provide continuous coverage for lunar users and reduce terrestrial communication costs by delivering data directly to a single domestic location. Adapting the space network for lunar communications support would also maximize the use of the existing and planned space network and Space Station infrastructure. Several alternative architectures are evaluated.

  9. Congenital Heart Information Network

    MedlinePLUS

    ... heart defects. Important Notice The Congenital Heart Information Network website is temporarily out of service. Please join ... and Uwe Baemayr for The Congenital Heart Information Network Exempt organization under Section 501(c)3. Copyright © ...

  10. [Sensitization: information, education and communication].

    PubMed

    1993-01-01

    IEC programs increase the knowledge and motivation of decision makers with power over determinants of population growth and socioeconomic development. Information may improve the awareness of public and private officials of population questions and of the form in which they are treated. Information activities involve demographic growth and spatial distribution of the population, the demographic and health benefits of family planning, and the danger of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS. The mass media are the main source of information, but in developing countries various forms of folk media enjoyed by the public may also be used. Technical journals and other information networks are available for the professional audience. Population communication promotes acceptance and use of family planning. Radio and television series that incorporate family planning themes, popular music that mentions population problems, and broadcasts of telephone question and answer programs have been influential in some countries. Such informational programs may be very important in regions with low levels of literacy. Programs targeted to adolescents may help resolve problems of early pregnancy. More than 80 countries include population education in their school curriculum. The objectives vary, but they generally include making students aware of population problems and of their own responsibilities. Population questions are also included in many professional training programs. PMID:12289051

  11. Designing Minimum Cost Nonblocking Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    Turner, Jonathan S.

    of providing connections 1 #12;Figure 1: Alternative Campus Network Designs with a guaranteed qualityDesigning Minimum Cost Nonblocking Communication Networks J. Andrew Fingerhut Subhash Suri Jonathan This paper addresses the problem of topological design of ATM (and similar) communication networks. We

  12. Communicability reveals a transition to coordinated behavior in multiplex networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Estrada, Ernesto; Gómez-Gardeńes, Jesús

    2014-04-01

    We analyze the flow of information in multiplex networks by means of the communicability function. First, we generalize this measure from its definition from simple graphs to multiplex networks. Then, we study its relevance for the analysis of real-world systems by studying a social multiplex where information flows using formal-informal channels and an air transportation system where the layers represent different air companies. Accordingly, the communicability, which is essential for the good performance of these complex systems, emerges at a systemic operation point in the multiplex where the performance of the layers operates in a coordinated way very differently from the state represented by a collection of unconnected networks.

  13. On traffic analysis in anonymous communication networks 

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Ye

    2009-06-02

    In this dissertation, we address issues related to traffic analysis attacks and the engineering in anonymous communication networks. Mixes have been used in many anonymous communication systems and are supposed to provide countermeasures that can...

  14. PIPELINES AS COMMUNICATION NETWORK LINKS

    SciTech Connect

    Kelvin T. Erickson; Ann Miller; E. Keith Stanek; C.H. Wu; Shari Dunn-Norman

    2005-03-14

    This report presents the results of an investigation into two methods of using the natural gas pipeline as a communication medium. The work addressed the need to develop secure system monitoring and control techniques between the field and control centers and to robotic devices in the pipeline. In the first method, the pipeline was treated as a microwave waveguide. In the second method, the pipe was treated as a leaky feeder or a multi-ground neutral and the signal was directly injected onto the metal pipe. These methods were tested on existing pipeline loops at UMR and Batelle. The results reported in this report indicate the feasibility of both methods. In addition, a few suitable communication link protocols for this network were analyzed.

  15. Dynamic information routing in complex networks

    E-print Network

    Kirst, Christoph; Battaglia, Demian

    2015-01-01

    Flexible information routing fundamentally underlies the function of many biological and artificial networks. Yet, how such systems may specifically communicate and dynamically route information is not well understood. Here we identify a generic mechanism to route information on top of collective dynamical reference states in complex networks. Switching between collective dynamics induces flexible reorganization of information sharing and routing patterns, as quantified by delayed mutual information and transfer entropy measures between activities of a network's units. We demonstrate the power of this generic mechanism specifically for oscillatory dynamics and analyze how individual unit properties, the network topology and external inputs coact to systematically organize information routing. For multi-scale, modular architectures, we resolve routing patterns at all levels. Interestingly, local interventions within one sub-network may remotely determine non-local network-wide communication. These results help...

  16. Communication via Quantum Neural Network

    E-print Network

    A. Al- Segher; Nasser Metwally

    2009-12-13

    In this study, the partially entangled neural networks is used to transfer information between two neurons, where the original teleportation protocol is employed this for this purpose. The effect of the network strength on the fidelity of the transported information is investigated. We show that as the strength of the network increases, the accuracy of the transformed information increases. As a practical application, we consider the spread of swine flu virus between two equivalent tranches of the community. In this treatment two factors are considered, one for humanity and the other for influence factor. The likelihood of infection between different age group is investigated, where we show that the strength of the neural network and the degree of infection plays an important role on transferring infection between different age group. From theoretical point of view, we show that it is possible to control the spread of the virus by controlling the network parameter. Also, by using local rotation, one can decrease the rate of infection between the young.

  17. Approximate Dynamic Programming for Communication-Constrained Sensor Network

    E-print Network

    Willsky, Alan S.

    1 Approximate Dynamic Programming for Communication-Constrained Sensor Network Management Jason L (PDF), and transmitting the updated conditional PDF. Communications is commonly the highest contributor dynamic programming approach which integrates the value of information and the cost of transmitting data

  18. Structure and tie strengths in mobile communication networks.

    PubMed

    Onnela, J-P; Saramäki, J; Hyvönen, J; Szabó, G; Lazer, D; Kaski, K; Kertész, J; Barabási, A-L

    2007-05-01

    Electronic databases, from phone to e-mails logs, currently provide detailed records of human communication patterns, offering novel avenues to map and explore the structure of social and communication networks. Here we examine the communication patterns of millions of mobile phone users, allowing us to simultaneously study the local and the global structure of a society-wide communication network. We observe a coupling between interaction strengths and the network's local structure, with the counterintuitive consequence that social networks are robust to the removal of the strong ties but fall apart after a phase transition if the weak ties are removed. We show that this coupling significantly slows the diffusion process, resulting in dynamic trapping of information in communities and find that, when it comes to information diffusion, weak and strong ties are both simultaneously ineffective. PMID:17456605

  19. Structure and tie strengths in mobile communication networks

    PubMed Central

    Onnela, J.-P.; Saramäki, J.; Hyvönen, J.; Szabó, G.; Lazer, D.; Kaski, K.; Kertész, J.; Barabási, A.-L.

    2007-01-01

    Electronic databases, from phone to e-mails logs, currently provide detailed records of human communication patterns, offering novel avenues to map and explore the structure of social and communication networks. Here we examine the communication patterns of millions of mobile phone users, allowing us to simultaneously study the local and the global structure of a society-wide communication network. We observe a coupling between interaction strengths and the network's local structure, with the counterintuitive consequence that social networks are robust to the removal of the strong ties but fall apart after a phase transition if the weak ties are removed. We show that this coupling significantly slows the diffusion process, resulting in dynamic trapping of information in communities and find that, when it comes to information diffusion, weak and strong ties are both simultaneously ineffective. PMID:17456605

  20. Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Website

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hardman, John; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The Computing, Information and Communications Technology Program (CICT) was established in 2001 to ensure NASA's Continuing leadership in emerging technologies. It is a coordinated, Agency-wide effort to develop and deploy key enabling technologies for a broad range of mission-critical tasks. The NASA CICT program is designed to address Agency-specific computing, information, and communications technology requirements beyond the projected capabilities of commercially available solutions. The areas of technical focus have been chosen for their impact on NASA's missions, their national importance, and the technical challenge they provide to the Program. In order to meet its objectives, the CICT Program is organized into the following four technology focused projects: 1) Computing, Networking and Information Systems (CNIS); 2) Intelligent Systems (IS); 3) Space Communications (SC); 4) Information Technology Strategic Research (ITSR).

  1. Coding and Control for Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    Medard, Muriel

    The purpose of this paper is to survey techniques for constructing effective policies for controlling complex networks, and to extend these techniques to capture special features of wireless communication networks under ...

  2. Communications network design and costing model users manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Logan, K. P.; Somes, S. S.; Clark, C. A.

    1983-01-01

    The information and procedures needed to exercise the communications network design and costing model for performing network analysis are presented. Specific procedures are included for executing the model on the NASA Lewis Research Center IBM 3033 computer. The concepts, functions, and data bases relating to the model are described. Model parameters and their format specifications for running the model are detailed.

  3. Group-based Ad-hoc Network for Multimedia Communications

    E-print Network

    . To assess the suitability of this network, its performance has been compared with conventional peer-to-peer an experimental platform to design and assess ad-hoc networks for transmission of multimedia information-hoc. In the infrastructure mode, mobile nodes communicate with each other via an access point (AP). For a peer-to-peer

  4. Optimized Flow Allocation for Anonymous Communication in Multipath Wireless Networks

    E-print Network

    Poovendran, Radha

    Optimized Flow Allocation for Anonymous Communication in Multipath Wireless Networks Chouchang Yang Arabia Abstract--In anonymous networks, a subset of nodes is chosen to act as covert relays to hide timing information from unau- thorized observers. While such covert relays increase anonymity, they cause

  5. Communication complexity and information complexity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pankratov, Denis

    Information complexity enables the use of information-theoretic tools in communication complexity theory. Prior to the results presented in this thesis, information complexity was mainly used for proving lower bounds and direct-sum theorems in the setting of communication complexity. We present three results that demonstrate new connections between information complexity and communication complexity. In the first contribution we thoroughly study the information complexity of the smallest nontrivial two-party function: the AND function. While computing the communication complexity of AND is trivial, computing its exact information complexity presents a major technical challenge. In overcoming this challenge, we reveal that information complexity gives rise to rich geometrical structures. Our analysis of information complexity relies on new analytic techniques and new characterizations of communication protocols. We also uncover a connection of information complexity to the theory of elliptic partial differential equations. Once we compute the exact information complexity of AND, we can compute exact communication complexity of several related functions on n-bit inputs with some additional technical work. Previous combinatorial and algebraic techniques could only prove bounds of the form theta( n). Interestingly, this level of precision is typical in the area of information theory, so our result demonstrates that this meta-property of precise bounds carries over to information complexity and in certain cases even to communication complexity. Our result does not only strengthen the lower bound on communication complexity of disjointness by making it more exact, but it also shows that information complexity provides the exact upper bound on communication complexity. In fact, this result is more general and applies to a whole class of communication problems. In the second contribution, we use self-reduction methods to prove strong lower bounds on the information complexity of two of the most studied functions in the communication complexity literature: Gap Hamming Distance (GHD) and Inner Product mod 2 (IP). In our first result we affirm the conjecture that the information complexity of GHD is linear even under the uniform distribution. This strengthens the O(n) bound shown by Kerenidis et al. (2012) and answers an open problem by Chakrabarti et al. (2012). We also prove that the information complexity of IP is arbitrarily close to the trivial upper bound n as the permitted error tends to zero, again strengthening the O(n) lower bound proved by Braverman and Weinstein (2011). More importantly, our proofs demonstrate that self-reducibility makes the connection between information complexity and communication complexity lower bounds a two-way connection. Whereas numerous results in the past used information complexity techniques to derive new communication complexity lower bounds, we explore a generic way, in which communication complexity lower bounds imply information complexity lower bounds in a black-box manner. In the third contribution we consider the roles that private and public randomness play in the definition of information complexity. In communication complexity, private randomness can be trivially simulated by public randomness. Moreover, the communication cost of simulating public randomness with private randomness is well understood due to Newman's theorem (1991). In information complexity, the roles of public and private randomness are reversed: public randomness can be trivially simulated by private randomness. However, the information cost of simulating private randomness with public randomness is not understood. We show that protocols that use only public randomness admit a rather strong compression. In particular, efficient simulation of private randomness by public randomness would imply a version of a direct sum theorem in the setting of communication complexity. This establishes a yet another connection between the two areas. (Abstract shortened by UMI.).

  6. Wireless Network Communications Overview for Space Mission Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fink, Patrick W.

    2009-01-01

    The mission of the On-Board Wireless Working Group (WWG) is to serve as a general CCSDS focus group for intra-vehicle wireless technologies. The WWG investigates and makes recommendations pursuant to standardization of applicable wireless network protocols, ensuring the interoperability of independently developed wireless communication assets. This document presents technical background information concerning uses and applicability of wireless networking technologies for space missions. Agency-relevant driving scenarios, for which wireless network communications will provide a significant return-on-investment benefiting the participating international agencies, are used to focus the scope of the enclosed technical information.

  7. Information efficiency in visual communication

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alter-Gartenberg, Rachel; Rahman, Zia-Ur

    1993-01-01

    This paper evaluates the quantization process in the context of the end-to-end performance of the visual-communication channel. Results show that the trade-off between data transmission and visual quality revolves around the information in the acquired signal, not around its energy. Improved information efficiency is gained by frequency dependent quantization that maintains the information capacity of the channel and reduces the entropy of the encoded signal. Restorations with energy bit-allocation lose both in sharpness and clarity relative to restorations with information bit-allocation. Thus, quantization with information bit-allocation is preferred for high information efficiency and visual quality in optimized visual communication.

  8. 75 FR 26180 - Effects on Broadband Communications Networks of Damage To or Failure of Network Equipment or...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ... Equipment or Severe Overload AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY... failures in network equipment or severe overload conditions, such as would occur in natural disasters.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Healy, Communications Systems Analysis Division, Public...

  9. Architecting Space Communication Networks Marc Sanchez Net

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Architecting Space Communication Networks by Marc Sanchez Net Submitted to the Department Committee #12;2 #12;Architecting Space Communication Networks by Marc Sanchez Net Submitted objective of this thesis is to present a tool that helps decision-makers during the process of architecting

  10. The Sociotechnical Networks of Scholarly Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beagle, Donald

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the state of flux in scholarly communications and publishing, explains the Actor-Network Theory that offers an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the impact on libraries, provides an overview of the evolution of scholarly communications sociotechnical networks, and analyzes the strategy of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic…

  11. Research Priorities in Networking and Communications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

    A workshop focused on major research issues in networking and communications. This report defines the context for research priorities and initiatives and deals with issues in networking and communications. Fifteen major research priorities and four research specific initiatives were identified by participants as areas that should be pursued over…

  12. Communication Network Design: West Ottawa School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Couch, David deS.

    This report describes the technical details and rationale behind the decisions in the design and development of the communications network installed as part of a 1991-1993 district-wide construction project in the West Ottawa Public Schools (Michigan). The project called for development of a communications network to carry voice, data, and video…

  13. 76 FR 14664 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-17

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...network is vital for public safety and homeland...assured. Federal Communications Commission....

  14. Effective Protocols for Mobile Communications and Networking

    SciTech Connect

    Espinoza, J.; Sholander, P.; Van Leeuwen, B,

    1998-12-01

    This report examines methods of mobile communications with an emphasis on mobile computing and wireless communications. Many of the advances in communications involve the use of Internet Protocol (IP), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), and ad hoc network protocols. However, many of the advances in these protocols have been focused on wired communications. Recently much focus has been directed at advancing communication technology in the area of mobile wireless networks. This report discusses various protocols used in mobile communications and proposes a number of extensions to existing protocols. A detailed discussion is also included on desirable protocol characteristics and evaluation criteria. In addition, the report includes a discussion on several network simulation tools that maybe used to evaluate network protocols.

  15. Information Gap in Communicative Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liao, Xiaoqing

    In traditional, grammar-oriented second language classrooms, the most common classroom procedure is for the teacher to ask the student a question for which the answer is already known to both. Because no real information is exchanged, this is not a communicative practice. It is alien to the real communicative needs of students, involves no…

  16. 75 FR 49870 - Effects on Broadband Communications Networks of Damage to or Failure of Network Equipment or...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-16

    ...Network Equipment or Severe Overload AGENCY: Federal Communications...submitting comments and additional information on the notice process, see the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeffery...

  17. Information Propagation in Clustered Multilayer Networks

    E-print Network

    Zhuang, Yong

    2015-01-01

    In today's world, individuals interact with each other in more complicated patterns than ever. Some individuals engage through online social networks (e.g., Facebook, Twitter), while some communicate only through conventional ways (e.g., face-to-face). Therefore, understanding the dynamics of information propagation among humans calls for a multi-layer network model where an online social network is conjoined with a physical network. In this work, we initiate a study of information diffusion in a clustered multi-layer network model, where all constituent layers are random networks with high clustering. We assume that information propagates according to the SIR model and with different information transmissibility across the networks. We give results for the conditions, probability, and size of information epidemics, i.e., cases where information starts from a single individual and reaches a positive fraction of the population. We show that increasing the level of clustering in either one of the layers increas...

  18. Extracting Association Patterns in Network Communications

    PubMed Central

    Portela, Javier; Villalba, Luis Javier García; Trujillo, Alejandra Guadalupe Silva; Orozco, Ana Lucila Sandoval; Kim, Tai-hoon

    2015-01-01

    In network communications, mixes provide protection against observers hiding the appearance of messages, patterns, length and links between senders and receivers. Statistical disclosure attacks aim to reveal the identity of senders and receivers in a communication network setting when it is protected by standard techniques based on mixes. This work aims to develop a global statistical disclosure attack to detect relationships between users. The only information used by the attacker is the number of messages sent and received by each user for each round, the batch of messages grouped by the anonymity system. A new modeling framework based on contingency tables is used. The assumptions are more flexible than those used in the literature, allowing to apply the method to multiple situations automatically, such as email data or social networks data. A classification scheme based on combinatoric solutions of the space of rounds retrieved is developed. Solutions about relationships between users are provided for all pairs of users simultaneously, since the dependence of the data retrieved needs to be addressed in a global sense. PMID:25679311

  19. Extracting association patterns in network communications.

    PubMed

    Portela, Javier; Villalba, Luis Javier García; Trujillo, Alejandra Guadalupe Silva; Orozco, Ana Lucila Sandoval; Kim, Tai-hoon

    2015-01-01

    In network communications, mixes provide protection against observers hiding the appearance of messages, patterns, length and links between senders and receivers. Statistical disclosure attacks aim to reveal the identity of senders and receivers in a communication network setting when it is protected by standard techniques based on mixes. This work aims to develop a global statistical disclosure attack to detect relationships between users. The only information used by the attacker is the number of messages sent and received by each user for each round, the batch of messages grouped by the anonymity system. A new modeling framework based on contingency tables is used. The assumptions are more flexible than those used in the literature, allowing to apply the method to multiple situations automatically, such as email data or social networks data. A classification scheme based on combinatoric solutions of the space of rounds retrieved is developed. Solutions about relationships between users are provided for all pairs of users simultaneously, since the dependence of the data retrieved needs to be addressed in a global sense. PMID:25679311

  20. The National Biomedical Communications Network as a Developing Structure *

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Ruth M.

    1971-01-01

    The National Biomedical Communications Network has evolved both from a set of conceptual recommendations over the last twelve years and an accumulation of needs manifesting themselves in the requests of members of the medical community. With a short history of three years this network and its developing structure have exhibited most of the stresses of technology interfacing with customer groups, and of a structure attempting to build itself upon many existing fragmentary unconnected segments of a potentially viable resourcesharing capability. In addition to addressing these topics, the paper treats a design appropriate to any network devoted to information transfer in a special interest user community. It discusses fundamentals of network design, highlighting that network structure most appropriate to a national information network. Examples are given of cost analyses of information services and certain conjectures are offered concerning the roles of national networks. PMID:5542912

  1. 10 Security in RFID Networks and Communications

    E-print Network

    Wu, Jie

    Abstract Radio frequency identification (RFID) networks are an emerging type of network that is posed scale RFID deployment. 10.1 Introduction Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology consists10 Security in RFID Networks and Communications Chiu C. Tan and Jie Wu Temple University, USA

  2. Applications of Coding in Network Communications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Christopher SungWook

    2012-01-01

    This thesis uses the tool of network coding to investigate fast peer-to-peer file distribution, anonymous communication, robust network construction under uncertainty, and prioritized transmission. In a peer-to-peer file distribution system, we use a linear optimization approach to show that the network coding framework significantly simplifies…

  3. On attractant scheduling in networks based on bacterial communication

    E-print Network

    Sivakumar, Raghupathy

    using chemical attractants. Although bacterial communication occurs in nature, engineeringOn attractant scheduling in networks based on bacterial communication Yunlong Gao Shanghai Jiaotong on bacterial communication. Bacterial communication is a communication paradigm between biological cells which

  4. Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) Overview and Status

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martzaklis, K.

    2003-01-01

    The second annual project review of Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) is presented. The topics of discussion include: 1) In-Flight Weather Information; 2) System Elements; 3) Technology Investment Areas; 4) NAS Information Exchange; 5) FIS Datalink Architecture Analyses; 6) Hybrid FIS Datalink Architecture; 7) FIS Datalink Architecture Analyses; 8) Air Transport: Ground and Satellite-based Datalinks; 9) General Aviation: Ground and Satellite-based Datalinks; 10) Low Altitude AutoMET Reporting; 11) AutoMET: Airborne-based Datalinks; 12) Network Protocols Development; and 13) FAA/NASA Collaboration. A summary of WINCOMM is also included. This paper is in viewgraph form.

  5. The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network

    PubMed Central

    Conover, Michael D.; Davis, Clayton; Ferrara, Emilio; McKelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

    2013-01-01

    Social movements rely in large measure on networked communication technologies to organize and disseminate information relating to the movements’ objectives. In this work we seek to understand how the goals and needs of a protest movement are reflected in the geographic patterns of its communication network, and how these patterns differ from those of stable political communication. To this end, we examine an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweets from a thirty-six week period covering the birth and maturation of the American anticapitalist movement, Occupy Wall Street. We find that, compared to a network of stable domestic political communication, the Occupy Wall Street network exhibits higher levels of locality and a hub and spoke structure, in which the majority of non-local attention is allocated to high-profile locations such as New York, California, and Washington D.C. Moreover, we observe that information flows across state boundaries are more likely to contain framing language and references to the media, while communication among individuals in the same state is more likely to reference protest action and specific places and times. Tying these results to social movement theory, we propose that these features reflect the movement’s efforts to mobilize resources at the local level and to develop narrative frames that reinforce collective purpose at the national level. PMID:23483885

  6. 78 FR 34665 - Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee (HSINAC); Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-10

    ...Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee (HSINAC...Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee (HSINAC...migration process, and discuss communication tactics regarding the HSIN...homeland-security-information-network-advisory-committee....

  7. Call-based Fraud Detection in Mobile Communication Networks using a Hierarchical

    E-print Network

    Tresp, Volker

    Call-based Fraud Detection in Mobile Communication Networks using a Hierarchical Regime. Information and Communications 81730 Munich, Germany Volker.Tresp@mchp.siemens.de Abstract Fraud causes. The methods are assessed using fraud data from a real mobile communication network. 1 INTRODUCTION Fraud

  8. Internetworking satellite and local exchange networks for personal communications applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolff, Richard S.; Pinck, Deborah

    1993-01-01

    The demand for personal communications services has shown unprecedented growth, and the next decade and beyond promise an era in which the needs for ubiquitous, transparent and personalized access to information will continue to expand in both scale and scope. The exchange of personalized information is growing from two-way voice to include data communications, electronic messaging and information services, image transfer, video, and interactive multimedia. The emergence of new land-based and satellite-based wireless networks illustrates the expanding scale and trend toward globalization and the need to establish new local exchange and exchange access services to meet the communications needs of people on the move. An important issue is to identify the roles that satellite networking can play in meeting these new communications needs. The unique capabilities of satellites, in providing coverage to large geographic areas, reaching widely dispersed users, for position location determination, and in offering broadcast and multicast services, can complement and extend the capabilities of terrestrial networks. As an initial step in exploring the opportunities afforded by the merger of satellite-based and land-based networks, several experiments utilizing the NASA ACTS satellite and the public switched local exchange network were undertaken to demonstrate the use of satellites in the delivery of personal communications services.

  9. Voice communications over packet radio networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seah, M. M.

    1985-03-01

    The use of packet virtual circuit technique for voice communications in military radio networks was investigated. The work was concerned with various aspects of networking which include network modeling, communications techniques, traffic analysis and network control. An attempt has been made to develop a simple yet efficient time slot assignment algorithm . This was analyzed under a variety of slot depths and networks topologies using computer simulation. The Erlang' B results were used to provide more insight into the channel characteristics of the packet radio networks. The capabilities of implementing TDMA/CDMA hybrid schemes in the system were scrutinized. A method to estimate the transmission capacity of the inter-node links was found. We demonstrate its effectiveness in controlling local congestion by computer simulation. Graphical results were presented to highlight the behavior of the proposed packet radio networks. We concluded that an appropriate link weight function would provide efficient and reliable network services.

  10. Communication cliques in mobile phone calling networks

    E-print Network

    Li, Ming-Xia; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Zhou, Wei-Xing

    2015-01-01

    People in modern societies form different social networks through numerous means of communication. These communication networks reflect different aspects of human's societal structure. The billing records of calls among mobile phone users enable us to construct a directed calling network (DCN) and its Bonferroni network (SVDCN) in which the preferential communications are statistically validated. Here we perform a comparative investigation of the cliques of the original DCN and its SVDCN constructed from the calling records of more than nine million individuals in Shanghai over a period of 110 days. We find that the statistical properties of the cliques of the two calling networks are qualitatively similar and the clique members in the DCN and the SVDCN exhibit idiosyncratic behaviors quantitatively. Members in large cliques are found to be spatially close to each other. Based on the clique degree profile of each mobile phone user, the most active users in the two calling networks can be classified in to seve...

  11. Scalable Hierarchical Network Management System for Displaying Network Information in Three Dimensions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    George, Jude (Inventor); Schlecht, Leslie (Inventor); McCabe, James D. (Inventor); LeKashman, John Jr. (Inventor)

    1998-01-01

    A network management system has SNMP agents distributed at one or more sites, an input output module at each site, and a server module located at a selected site for communicating with input output modules, each of which is configured for both SNMP and HNMP communications. The server module is configured exclusively for HNMP communications, and it communicates with each input output module according to the HNMP. Non-iconified, informationally complete views are provided of network elements to aid in network management.

  12. A security architecture for health information networks.

    PubMed

    Kailar, Rajashekar; Muralidhar, Vinod

    2007-01-01

    Health information network security needs to balance exacting security controls with practicality, and ease of implementation in today's healthcare enterprise. Recent work on 'nationwide health information network' architectures has sought to share highly confidential data over insecure networks such as the Internet. Using basic patterns of health network data flow and trust models to support secure communication between network nodes, we abstract network security requirements to a core set to enable secure inter-network data sharing. We propose a minimum set of security controls that can be implemented without needing major new technologies, but yet realize network security and privacy goals of confidentiality, integrity and availability. This framework combines a set of technology mechanisms with environmental controls, and is shown to be sufficient to counter commonly encountered network security threats adequately. PMID:18693862

  13. Optimizing secure communication standards for disadvantaged networks

    E-print Network

    Okano, Stephen Hiroshi

    2009-01-01

    We present methods for optimizing standardized cryptographic message protocols for use on disadvantaged network links. We first provide an assessment of current secure communication message packing standards and their ...

  14. Radio Communication Networks in the World Trade Center Disaster

    E-print Network

    White, Douglas R.

    Radio Communication Networks in the World Trade Center Disaster Carter T. Butts Miruna Petrescu specialized emergency response training. Keywords: social networks, communication, disaster, crisis response, 1978). This interplay is perhaps nowhere more evident than in the domain of responder communication

  15. [Modern network technologies for data communication in the hospital].

    PubMed

    Pelikan, E; Kotter, E; Jäger, D; Langer, M; Timmermann, U

    1999-04-01

    Modern network technologies provide the basic infrastructure for information and communication systems in the hospital today. The goal to build up a universal network infrastructure which meets the broadly varied requirements. Analysis of data communication in the hospital and the evaluation of established network technologies, as well as new developments, leads to the switching concept as the suitable solution. Two technologies play the major role in building enterprise networks: the Ethernet family, based on frame switching, and ATM, based on cell switching. Orientation on established standards is the key to free system choice and grants interoperability between systems from different manufacturers. However, the network design must meet the application and system architecture of the information technology in order to achieve successful mapping of the involved communication profiles. This means scaling of the bandwidth as needed, suitable segmenting of the network and resilient links. In a further step, policy-based networking takes advantages of prioritizing critical applications and therefore reduces interdependencies across the network. PMID:10337699

  16. Space Station Information System integrated communications concept

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Muratore, J.; Bigham, J.; Whitelaw, V.; Marker, W.

    1987-01-01

    This paper presents a model for integrated communications within the Space Station Information System (SSIS). The SSIS is generally defined as the integrated set of space and ground information systems and networks which will provide required data services to the Space Station flight crew, ground operations personnel, and customer communities. This model is based on the International Standards Organization (ISO) layered model for Open Systems Interconnection (OSI). The requirements used to develop the model are presented, and the various elements of the model described.

  17. Information Networks in Biomedicine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millard, William L.

    1975-01-01

    Describes current biomedical information networks, focusing on those with an educational function, and elaborates on the problems encountered in planning, implementing, utilizing and evaluating such networks. Journal of Biocommunication, T. Banks, Educ. TV-431N, U. of Calif., San Francisco 94143. Subscription Rates: individuals and libraries,…

  18. The Changing Face of Africa's Information and Communication Scenario.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chowdhury, G. G.

    1998-01-01

    Provides a glimpse of the prevailing situation in the field of information and communication in African countries; reports on recent surveys and case studies which indicate both problems and encouraging efforts. Discusses developments of international and national electronic communication networks which indicate rapid changes in electronic…

  19. Structure and evolution of communication networks in organizations

    E-print Network

    Qian, Jichao, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    We study three types of communication data--emails, phone calls, and meetings-in a modern IT firm. Using network descriptive statistics, we show how communication networks in an organization differ from random networks and ...

  20. Architecting Space Communication Networks under Mission Demand Uncertainty

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Architecting Space Communication Networks under Mission Demand Uncertainty Marc Sanchez Net, Inigo of alternative network architectures using a tradespace search framework. Architecting a space communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 MODELS TO ARCHITECT SPACE COMMUNICA- TION NETWORKS

  1. Stress Testing of Data-Communication Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leucht, Kurt; Bedette, Guy

    2006-01-01

    NetStress is a computer program that stress-tests a data-communication network and components thereof. NetStress comprises two components running, respectively, in a transmitting system and a receiving system connected to a network under test

  2. Predicting Employee Turnover from Communication Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feeley, Thomas H.; Barnett, George A.

    1997-01-01

    Investigates three social network models of employee turnover: a structural equivalence model, a social influence model, and an erosion model. Administers a communication network questionnaire to all 170 employees of an organization. Finds support for all three models of turnover, with the erosion model explaining more of the variance than do the…

  3. Iowa Communications Network Enhancing Education in Iowa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ivanovic, Greta

    1995-01-01

    Describes the Iowa Communications Network, a statewide fiber optic network capable of transporting interactive, two-way audio, video, voice, and data signals. Topics include statewide cooperation among educational and state organizations; classroom design, including interactive classrooms; access to the Internet; and use by noneducational…

  4. Computational Intelligence in Multimedia Networking and Communications: Trends and

    E-print Network

    Guturu, Parthasarathy

    Computational Intelligence in Multimedia Networking and Communications: Trends and Future and future directions of research are also presented. 1 Introduction We currently live in an age of information revolution. With high impact ap- plications launched every day in various fields such as e-commerce

  5. Environmental monitoring by wireless communication networks.

    PubMed

    Messer, Hagit; Zinevich, Artem; Alpert, Pinhas

    2006-05-01

    The global spread of wireless networks brings a great opportunity for their use in environmental studies. Weather, atmospheric conditions, and constituents cause propagation impairments on radio links. As such, while providing communication facilities, existing wireless communication systems can be used as a widely distributed, high-resolution atmospheric observation network, operating in real time with minimum supervision and without additional cost. Here we demonstrate how measurements of the received signal level, which are made in a cellular network, provide reliable measurements for surface rainfall. We compare the estimated rainfall intensity with radar and rain gauge measurements. PMID:16675693

  6. Information, Education, Communication in Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. East-West Center.

    Programs and services of the Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA) are reviewed in this report on resources available for the support of population information, education, and communication activities. Four major sections describe in concise, outline form: (1) the agency and its programs, (2) the specific program in population/family…

  7. Communicating Psychological Information in Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iowa State Dept. of Public Instruction, Des Moines. Div. of Pupil Personnel Services.

    The guide describes approaches and considerations involved in school psychologists' communication of information in reports. Following an initial tongue in cheek discussion ("On Skinning Cats, Choking Dogs, and Leaving Lovers") of principles of report writing (such as avoiding using the language of logic and not contaminating interpretations with…

  8. Challenges of Integrating NASA's Space Communications Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reinert, Jessica; Barnes, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    The transition to new technology, innovative ideas, and resistance to change is something that every industry experiences. Recent examples of this shift are changing to using robots in the assembly line construction of automobiles or the increasing use of robotics for medical procedures. Most often this is done with cost-reduction in mind, though ease of use for the customer is also a driver. All industries experience the push to increase efficiency of their systems; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the commercial space industry are no different. NASA space communication services are provided by three separately designed, developed, maintained, and operated communications networks known as the Deep Space Network (DSN), Near Earth Network (NEN) and Space Network (SN). The Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) Program is pursuing integration of these networks and has performed a variety of architecture trade studies to determine what integration options would be the most effective in achieving a unified user mission support organization, and increase the use of common operational equipment and processes. The integration of multiple, legacy organizations and existing systems has challenges ranging from technical to cultural. The existing networks are the progeny of the very first communication and tracking capabilities implemented by NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) more than 50 years ago and have been customized to the needs of their respective user mission base. The technical challenges to integrating the networks are many, though not impossible to overcome. The three distinct networks provide the same types of services, with customizable data rates, bandwidth, frequencies, and so forth. The differences across the networks have occurred in effort to satisfy their user missions' needs. Each new requirement has made the networks more unique and harder to integrate. The cultural challenges, however, have proven to be a significant obstacle for integration. Over the past few decades of use, user missions and network personnel alike have grown accustomed to the processes by which services are provided by the NASA communications and navigation networks. The culture established by each network has created several challenges that need to be overcome in order to effectively integrate the networks. As with any change, there has been resistance, an apprehension to explore automation of existing processes, and a working environment that attempts to indirectly influence change without mandating compliance. Overcoming technical and cultural challenges is essential to successfully integrating the networks and although the challenges are numerous, the integration of the networks promises a more efficient space communications network for NASA and its customers, as well as potential long-term cost savings to the agency. This paper, Challenges of Integrating NASA Legacy Communications Networks, will provide a brief overview of the current NASA space communications networks as well as the an overview of the process implemented while performing the SCaN Trade Studies and an introduction to the requirements driving integration of the SCaN Networks. This paper will describe in detail the challenges experienced, both technical and cultural, while working with NASA space communications network-specific personnel. The paper will also cover lessons learned during the performance of architecture trade studies and provide recommendations for ways to improve the process.

  9. Challenges of Integrating NASAs Space Communication Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reinert, Jessica M.; Barnes, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    The transition to new technology, innovative ideas, and resistance to change is something that every industry experiences. Recent examples of this shift are changing to using robots in the assembly line construction of automobiles or the increasing use of robotics for medical procedures. Most often this is done with cost-reduction in mind, though ease of use for the customer is also a driver. All industries experience the push to increase efficiency of their systems; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the commercial space industry are no different. NASA space communication services are provided by three separately designed, developed, maintained, and operated communications networks known as the Deep Space Network (DSN), Near Earth Network (NEN) and Space Network (SN). The Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) Program is pursuing integration of these networks and has performed a variety of architecture trade studies to determine what integration options would be the most effective in achieving a unified user mission support organization, and increase the use of common operational equipment and processes. The integration of multiple, legacy organizations and existing systems has challenges ranging from technical to cultural. The existing networks are the progeny of the very first communication and tracking capabilities implemented by NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) more than 50 years ago and have been customized to the needs of their respective user mission base. The technical challenges to integrating the networks are many, though not impossible to overcome. The three distinct networks provide the same types of services, with customizable data rates, bandwidth, frequencies, and so forth. The differences across the networks have occurred in effort to satisfy their user missions' needs. Each new requirement has made the networks more unique and harder to integrate. The cultural challenges, however, have proven to be a significant obstacle for integration. Over the past few decades of use, user missions and network personnel alike have grown accustomed to the processes by which services are provided by the NASA communications and navigation networks. The culture established by each network has created several challenges that need to be overcome in order to effectively integrate the networks. As with any change, there has been resistance, an apprehension to explore automation of existing processes, and a working environment that attempts to indirectly influence change without mandating compliance. Overcoming technical and cultural challenges is essential to successfully integrating the networks and although the challenges are numerous, the integration of the networks promises a more efficient space communications network for NASA and its customers, as well as potential long-term cost savings to the agency. This paper, Challenges of Integrating NASA Legacy Communications Networks, will provide a brief overview of the current NASA space communications networks as well as the an overview of the process implemented while performing the SCaN Trade Studies and an introduction to the requirements driving integration of the SCaN Networks. This paper will describe in detail the challenges experienced, both technical and cultural, while working with NASA space communications network-specific personnel. The paper will also cover lessons learned during the performance of architecture trade studies and provide recommendations for ways to improve the process.

  10. Coupled Map Networks as Communication Schemes

    E-print Network

    P. Garcia; A. Parravano; M. G. Cosenza; J. Jimenez; A. Marcano

    2002-01-22

    Networks of chaotic coupled maps are considered as string and language generators. It is shown that such networks can be used as encrypting systems where the ciphertext contains information about the evolution of the network and also about the way to select the plaintext symbols from the string associated to the network evolution. The secret key provides the network parameters, such as the coupling strengths.

  11. The Operation of a Specialized Scientific Information and Data Analysis Center With Computer Base and Associated Communications Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cottrell, William B.; And Others

    The Nuclear Safety Information Center (NSIC) is a highly sophisticated scientific information center operated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Its information file, which consists of both data and bibliographic information, is computer stored and numerous programs have been developed to facilitate the…

  12. Network design tool for EHF satellite communications networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Norvell, S.; Brown, G. J.

    1983-06-01

    This document describes the design concept of the network design tool. The network design tool (NDT) is a collection of analytical techniques, algorithms and simulation methods that may be used to characterize the performance of a computer communication network. Much work has been done over the past several years in network performance analysis and many techniques have been developed or proposed. Each of these methods applies to a particular aspect of the network design and is based on a particular modeling point of view. We define the computer communication network and then describe the different ways the network may be modeled. Each network model is related to the particular design problem being addressed. The various analytical approaches are briefly described and their relationship to the network models discussed. Chapter 2 is a survey of the major approaches to specific network design problems while chapters 3 and 4 discuss two fairly well defined areas of network analysis: topological design/optimization and protocol validation. Chapter 5 is a survey of network design tools presently available locally or on the advanced research projects agency network (ARPANET). Finally, chapter 6 presents an outline of the NDT specification.

  13. Noise-enhanced classical and quantum capacities in communication networks

    E-print Network

    Filippo Caruso; Susana F. Huelga; Martin B. Plenio

    2010-03-30

    The unavoidable presence of noise is thought to be one of the major problems to solve in order to pave the way for implementing quantum information technologies in realistic physical platforms. However, here we show a clear example in which noise, in terms of dephasing, may enhance the capability of transmitting not only classical but also quantum information, encoded in quantum systems, through communication networks. In particular, we find analytically and numerically the quantum and classical capacities for a large family of quantum channels and show that these information transmission rates can be strongly enhanced by introducing dephasing noise in the complex network dynamics.

  14. Communication cliques in mobile phone calling networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ming-Xia; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Zhou, Wei-Xing

    2015-11-01

    People in modern societies form different social networks through numerous means of communication. These communication networks reflect different aspects of human's societal structure. The billing records of calls among mobile phone users enable us to construct a directed calling network (DCN) and its Bonferroni network (SVDCN) in which the preferential communications are statistically validated. Here we perform a comparative investigation of the cliques of the original DCN and its SVDCN constructed from the calling records of more than nine million individuals in Shanghai over a period of 110 days. We find that the statistical properties of the cliques of the two calling networks are qualitatively similar and the clique members in the DCN and the SVDCN exhibit idiosyncratic behaviors quantitatively. Members in large cliques are found to be spatially close to each other. Based on the clique degree profile of each mobile phone user, the most active users in the two calling networks can be classified in to several groups. The users in different groups are found to have different calling behaviors. Our study unveils interesting communication behaviors among mobile phone users that are densely connected to each other.

  15. 76 FR 36154 - In the Matter of Certain Equipment for Communications Networks, Including Switches, Routers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-21

    ...of Certain Equipment for Communications Networks, Including Switches...of certain equipment for communications networks, including switches...of certain equipment for communications networks, including...

  16. Social Networking and Smart Technology: Viable Environmental Communication Tools…?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montain, J.; Byrne, J. M.

    2010-12-01

    To what extent do popular social networking channels represent a viable means for disseminating information regarding environmental change to the general public? Are new forms of communication such as YouTube™, Facebook™, MySpace™ and Twitter™ and smart devices such as iPhone™ and BlackBerry™ useful and effective in terms motivating people into social action and behavioural modification; or do they simply pay ‘lip service’ to these pressing environmental issues? This project will explore the background connections between social networking and environmental communication and education; and outline why such tools might be an appropriate way to connect to a broad audience in an efficient and unconventional manner. Further, research will survey the current prevalence of reliable environmental change information on social networking Internet-based media; and finally, suggestions for improved strategies and new directions will be provided.

  17. Designing Satellite Communication Networks by Zero-One Quadratic Programming

    E-print Network

    Helme, Marcia P.

    In satellite communications networks, distinctive facilities called homing stations perform special transmission functions. Local demand nodes clustered around each homing station communicate with each other via a local ...

  18. The NASA Space Communications Data Networking Architecture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Israel, David J.; Hooke, Adrian J.; Freeman, Kenneth; Rush, John J.

    2006-01-01

    The NASA Space Communications Architecture Working Group (SCAWG) has recently been developing an integrated agency-wide space communications architecture in order to provide the necessary communication and navigation capabilities to support NASA's new Exploration and Science Programs. A critical element of the space communications architecture is the end-to-end Data Networking Architecture, which must provide a wide range of services required for missions ranging from planetary rovers to human spaceflight, and from sub-orbital space to deep space. Requirements for a higher degree of user autonomy and interoperability between a variety of elements must be accommodated within an architecture that necessarily features minimum operational complexity. The architecture must also be scalable and evolvable to meet mission needs for the next 25 years. This paper will describe the recommended NASA Data Networking Architecture, present some of the rationale for the recommendations, and will illustrate an application of the architecture to example NASA missions.

  19. Exponential Separation of Information and Communication

    E-print Network

    Raz, Ran

    Exponential Separation of Information and Communication Anat Ganor Gillat Kol Ran Raz Abstract We show an exponential gap between communication complexity and information complexity, by giving an explicit example for a communication task (relation), with information complexity O(k), and distributional

  20. Informal Social Networks of People with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities: Relationship with Age, Communicative Abilities and Current Living Arrangements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamstra, A.; van der Putten, A. A. J.; Post, W. J.; Vlaskamp, C.

    2015-01-01

    Background: People with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) have limited informal social contacts. Research to determine the factors which can positively influence establishing sound informal social contacts is required. Materials and Methods: Regression analysis for 200 people with PIMD was used to analyse how age,…

  1. Apparatus and method for data communication in an energy distribution network

    DOEpatents

    Hussain, Mohsin; LaPorte, Brock; Uebel, Udo; Zia, Aftab

    2014-07-08

    A system for communicating information on an energy distribution network is disclosed. In one embodiment, the system includes a local supervisor on a communication network, wherein the local supervisor can collect data from one or more energy generation/monitoring devices. The system also includes a command center on the communication network, wherein the command center can generate one or more commands for controlling the one or more energy generation devices. The local supervisor can periodically transmit a data signal indicative of the data to the command center via a first channel of the communication network at a first interval. The local supervisor can also periodically transmit a request for a command to the command center via a second channel of the communication network at a second interval shorter than the first interval. This channel configuration provides effective data communication without a significant increase in the use of network resources.

  2. Origin of cells and network information

    PubMed Central

    Tanabe, Shihori

    2015-01-01

    All cells are derived from one cell, and the origin of different cell types is a subject of curiosity. Cells construct life through appropriately timed networks at each stage of development. Communication among cells and intracellular signaling are essential for cell differentiation and for life processes. Cellular molecular networks establish cell diversity and life. The investigation of the regulation of each gene in the genome within the cellular network is therefore of interest. Stem cells produce various cells that are suitable for specific purposes. The dynamics of the information in the cellular network changes as the status of cells is altered. The components of each cell are subject to investigation. PMID:25914760

  3. A Communications Network for Cislunar Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burleigh, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Reliable and efficient communications will be critical to the success of commercial flight operations in cislunar space. The Internet is not well-suited to meeting this requirement. But the Delay-Tolerant Networking (DTN) architecture is. The DTN protocols are well-documented and implementations are mature. We think DTN will be ready to support low-cost, low-risk cislunar networking by the time the vehicles are in place.

  4. Professional networking using computer-mediated communication.

    PubMed

    Washer, Peter

    Traditionally, professionals have networked with others in their field through attending conferences, professional organizations, direct mailing, and via the workplace. Recently, there have been new possibilities to network with other professionals using the internet. This article looks at the possibilities that the internet offers for professional networking, particularly e-mailing lists, newsgroups and membership databases, and compares them against more traditional methods of professional networking. The different types of computer-mediated communication are discussed and their relative merits and disadvantages are examined. The benefits and potential pitfalls of internet professional networking, as it relates to the nursing profession, are examined. Practical advice is offered on how the internet can be used as a means to foster professional networks of academic, clinical or research interests. PMID:12388908

  5. WATERSHED INFORMATION NETWORK

    EPA Science Inventory

    Resource Purpose:The Watershed Information Network is a set of about 30 web pages that are organized by topic. These pages access existing databases like the American Heritage Rivers Services database and Surf Your Watershed. WIN in itself has no data or data sets.
    L...

  6. The Deep Space Network. [tracking and communication functions and facilities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    The objectives, functions, and organization of the Deep Space Network are summarized. The Deep Space Instrumentation Facility, the Ground Communications Facility, and the Network Control System are described.

  7. Hybrid Mobile Communication Networks for Planetary Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alena, Richard; Lee, Charles; Walker, Edward; Osenfort, John; Stone, Thom

    2007-01-01

    A paper discusses the continuing work of the Mobile Exploration System Project, which has been performing studies toward the design of hybrid communication networks for future exploratory missions to remote planets. A typical network could include stationary radio transceivers on a remote planet, mobile radio transceivers carried by humans and robots on the planet, terrestrial units connected via the Internet to an interplanetary communication system, and radio relay transceivers aboard spacecraft in orbit about the planet. Prior studies have included tests on prototypes of these networks deployed in Arctic and desert regions chosen to approximate environmental conditions on Mars. Starting from the findings of the prior studies, the paper discusses methods of analysis, design, and testing of the hybrid communication networks. It identifies key radio-frequency (RF) and network engineering issues. Notable among these issues is the study of wireless LAN throughput loss due to repeater use, RF signal strength, and network latency variations. Another major issue is that of using RF-link analysis to ensure adequate link margin in the face of statistical variations in signal strengths.

  8. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING Int. J. Satell. Commun. Network. 2006; 24:261281

    E-print Network

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING Int. J. Satell. Commun. Network: 10.1002/sat.841 Turbo-coded APSK modulations design for satellite broadband communications Riccardo phase shift keying (APSK) modulation with application to satellite broadband communications. APSK

  9. Topology design and performance analysis of an integrated communication network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Li, V. O. K.; Lam, Y. F.; Hou, T. C.; Yuen, J. H.

    1985-01-01

    A research study on the topology design and performance analysis for the Space Station Information System (SSIS) network is conducted. It is begun with a survey of existing research efforts in network topology design. Then a new approach for topology design is presented. It uses an efficient algorithm to generate candidate network designs (consisting of subsets of the set of all network components) in increasing order of their total costs, and checks each design to see if it forms an acceptable network. This technique gives the true cost-optimal network, and is particularly useful when the network has many constraints and not too many components. The algorithm for generating subsets is described in detail, and various aspects of the overall design procedure are discussed. Two more efficient versions of this algorithm (applicable in specific situations) are also given. Next, two important aspects of network performance analysis: network reliability and message delays are discussed. A new model is introduced to study the reliability of a network with dependent failures. For message delays, a collection of formulas from existing research results is given to compute or estimate the delays of messages in a communication network without making the independence assumption. The design algorithm coded in PASCAL is included as an appendix.

  10. Hybrid Modeling of Communication Networks Using Modelica

    E-print Network

    Hespanha, Joăo Pedro

    is to describe initial work on modeling packet-switched communication network us- ing Modelica [1], [8], which the Internet protocols and simulates individual packets, it provides on one hand accurate simulation re- sults. Thanks to the model abstraction of packets, the simulation time is typically not affected by the number

  11. Modeling and Performance Analysis of Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    Xie,Jiang (Linda)

    . The underlying principles of computer systems analysis (which are based on queuing theory) will be studied. Analytical methods based on queuing theory will be used to study the behavior of communication networks will be covered as time permits: Probability Theory Refresher Overview of Queuing Systems Random Processes

  12. Graphene-enabled Wireless Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    Graphene-enabled Wireless Communication Networks at the Nanoscale 1 Ignacio Llatser Nanonetworking;Graphene Honeycomb lattice of carbon atoms 2-dimensional material Discovered by A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov 9 Graphene G. Liu, W. Stillman, S. Rumyantsev, Q. Shao, M. Shur, A. A. Balandin, "Low

  13. A network of interorganellar communications underlies cellular aging.

    PubMed

    Leonov, Anna; Titorenko, Vladimir I

    2013-08-01

    Organelles within a eukaryotic cell respond to age-related intracellular stresses and environmental factors by altering their functional states to generate, direct and process the flow of interorganellar information that is essential for establishing a pro- or antiaging cellular pattern. The scope of this review is to critically analyze recent progress in understanding how various intercompartmental (i.e., organelle-organelle and organelle-cytosol) communications regulate cellular aging in evolutionarily distant eukaryotes. Our analysis suggests a model for an intricate network of intercompartmental communications that underly cellular aging in eukaryotic organisms across phyla. This proposed model posits that the numerous directed, coordinated and regulated organelle-organelle and organelle-cytosol communications integrated into this network define the long-term viability of a eukaryotic cell and, thus, are critical for regulating cellular aging. PMID:23818261

  14. Protocol for Communication Networking for Formation Flying

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jennings, Esther; Okino, Clayton; Gao, Jay; Clare, Loren

    2009-01-01

    An application-layer protocol and a network architecture have been proposed for data communications among multiple autonomous spacecraft that are required to fly in a precise formation in order to perform scientific observations. The protocol could also be applied to other autonomous vehicles operating in formation, including robotic aircraft, robotic land vehicles, and robotic underwater vehicles. A group of spacecraft or other vehicles to which the protocol applies could be characterized as a precision-formation- flying (PFF) network, and each vehicle could be characterized as a node in the PFF network. In order to support precise formation flying, it would be necessary to establish a corresponding communication network, through which the vehicles could exchange position and orientation data and formation-control commands. The communication network must enable communication during early phases of a mission, when little positional knowledge is available. Particularly during early mission phases, the distances among vehicles may be so large that communication could be achieved only by relaying across multiple links. The large distances and need for omnidirectional coverage would limit communication links to operation at low bandwidth during these mission phases. Once the vehicles were in formation and distances were shorter, the communication network would be required to provide high-bandwidth, low-jitter service to support tight formation-control loops. The proposed protocol and architecture, intended to satisfy the aforementioned and other requirements, are based on a standard layered-reference-model concept. The proposed application protocol would be used in conjunction with conventional network, data-link, and physical-layer protocols. The proposed protocol includes the ubiquitous Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11 medium access control (MAC) protocol to be used in the datalink layer. In addition to its widespread and proven use in diverse local-area networks, this protocol offers both (1) a random- access mode needed for the early PFF deployment phase and (2) a time-bounded-services mode needed during PFF-maintenance operations. Switching between these two modes could be controlled by upper-layer entities using standard link-management mechanisms. Because the early deployment phase of a PFF mission can be expected to involve multihop relaying to achieve network connectivity (see figure), the proposed protocol includes the open shortest path first (OSPF) network protocol that is commonly used in the Internet. Each spacecraft in a PFF network would be in one of seven distinct states as the mission evolved from initial deployment, through coarse formation, and into precise formation. Reconfiguration of the formation to perform different scientific observations would also cause state changes among the network nodes. The application protocol provides for recognition and tracking of the seven states for each node and for protocol changes under specified conditions to adapt the network and satisfy communication requirements associated with the current PFF mission phase. Except during early deployment, when peer-to-peer random access discovery methods would be used, the application protocol provides for operation in a centralized manner.

  15. Tradespace exploration of in-space communications network architectures

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Tradespace exploration of in-space communications network architectures Peter Davisona , Bruce. Keywords: space communications; communications architectures; tradespace exploration; decision-making; NASA multiple decades, resulting in shifts in stake- holder needs and major advances in technologies. Space

  16. Communication services for advanced network applications.

    SciTech Connect

    Bresnahan, J.; Foster, I.; Insley, J.; Toonen, B.; Tuecke, S.

    1999-06-10

    Advanced network applications such as remote instrument control, collaborative environments, and remote I/O are distinguished by traditional applications such as videoconferencing by their need to create multiple, heterogeneous flows with different characteristics. For example, a single application may require remote I/O for raw datasets, shared controls for a collaborative analysis system, streaming video for image rendering data, and audio for collaboration. Furthermore, each flow can have different requirements in terms of reliability, network quality of service, security, etc. They argue that new approaches to communication services, protocols, and network architecture are required both to provide high-level abstractions for common flow types and to support user-level management of flow creation and quality. They describe experiences with the development of such applications and communication services.

  17. Networks, Information andNetworks, Information and Information Worker ProductivityInformation Worker Productivity

    E-print Network

    Reif, Rafael

    1 Networks, Information andNetworks, Information and Information Worker ProductivityInformation Yahoo! - July 28, 2006 © 2006 All Rights Reserved Information and Non-Information WorkEmployment Source: Wolff (2005) Information Work Non - Information Work 70% of labor force; 60% of GDP of US (Apte

  18. Graph analysis of cortical networks reveals complex anatomical communication substrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zamora-López, Gorka; Zhou, Changsong; Kurths, Jürgen

    2009-03-01

    Sensory information entering the nervous system follows independent paths of processing such that specific features are individually detected. However, sensory perception, awareness, and cognition emerge from the combination of information. Here we have analyzed the corticocortical network of the cat, looking for the anatomical substrate which permits the simultaneous segregation and integration of information in the brain. We find that cortical communications are mainly governed by three topological factors of the underlying network: (i) a large density of connections, (ii) segregation of cortical areas into clusters, and (iii) the presence of highly connected hubs aiding the multisensory processing and integration. Statistical analysis of the shortest paths reveals that, while information is highly accessible to all cortical areas, the complexity of cortical information processing may arise from the rich and intricate alternative paths in which areas can influence each other.

  19. Multilevel Steganography: Improving Hidden Communication in Networks

    E-print Network

    . Thus, not only are the steganograms hidden inside the carriers (network protocols) but, because journalists and their information sources or by companies that are afraid of corporate espionage, but it can inside ce

  20. Cross-layer Feedback Control for Video Communications via Mobile Ad-hoc Networks 1

    E-print Network

    control scheme for video communications over unstructured mobile networks for tactical operations. A peer-to-peer of transmitting high quality video signals over unstructured mobile networks. This necessitates a peer-to-peer platform to design and assess ad-hoc networks for transmission of multimedia information in realistic

  1. 956 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 13, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2009 Secure Network Coding with

    E-print Network

    Liu, Huaping

    956 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 13, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2009 Secure Network Coding with Minimum to achieve complete security in networks with network coding, it has been shown that at least original information symbols must be substituted with uniformly distributed random symbols chosen from the same code

  2. Evolution of communication protocols using an artificial regulatory network

    E-print Network

    Mitchener, W. Garrett

    Evolution of communication protocols using an artificial regulatory network W. Garrett Mitchener the Utrecht machine (UM), a discrete artificial regulatory network designed for studying how evolution mechanisms evolve. Gene duplica- tions contribute by enlarging the regulatory network. Analysis of 60000

  3. MEASUREMENT-BASED USAGE CHARGES IN COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS

    E-print Network

    Weber, Richard

    will choose to sell network services. Marketing and regulation are certainly importantMEASUREMENT-BASED USAGE CHARGES IN COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS COSTAS COURCOUBETIS ICS. We argue that a connection's `e ective bandwidth' is a good proxy for the quantity of network

  4. Integrated communication and information fabric for space applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maitan, J.; Walichiewicz, L.; Wealand, B.

    1990-01-01

    The results of preliminary research into infrastructures for integrated communication and information fabrics, which can meet the needs of space applications of the future, are presented. Technologies that foster scaleability and adaptability and support self-organizing mechanisms are needed to effectively integrate the working fabric of a large-scale distributed system. A multigrid network architecture that uses a completely distributed packet-routing scheme is derived. The first part of the paper introduces a simple model of a communication and information system for space applications, the second discusses the known limitations of the large-scale future communication and information systems, and the third part describes the results of preliminary research in this area. It is expected that this technology will result in inexpensive networks utilizing multigigabit-per-second data links.

  5. Position estimation of transceivers in communication networks

    DOEpatents

    Kent, Claudia A. (Pleasanton, CA); Dowla, Farid (Castro Valley, CA)

    2008-06-03

    This invention provides a system and method using wireless communication interfaces coupled with statistical processing of time-of-flight data to locate by position estimation unknown wireless receivers. Such an invention can be applied in sensor network applications, such as environmental monitoring of water in the soil or chemicals in the air where the position of the network nodes is deemed critical. Moreover, the present invention can be arranged to operate in areas where a Global Positioning System (GPS) is not available, such as inside buildings, caves, and tunnels.

  6. Structural Changes in Data Communication in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Cabral, Raquel S; Frery, Alejandro C; Rosso, Osvaldo A; Ramírez, Jaime A

    2013-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks are an important technology for making distributed autonomous measures in hostile or inaccessible environments. Among the challenges they pose, the way data travel among them is a relevant issue since their structure is quite dynamic. The operational topology of such devices can often be described by complex networks. In this work, we assess the variation of measures commonly employed in the complex networks literature applied to wireless sensor networks. Four data communication strategies were considered: geometric, random, small-world, and scale-free models, along with the shortest path length measure. The sensitivity of this measure was analyzed with respect to the following perturbations: insertion and removal of nodes in the geometric strategy; and insertion, removal and rewiring of links in the other models. The assessment was performed using the normalized Kullback-Leibler divergence and Hellinger distance quantifiers, both deriving from the Information Theory framework. The re...

  7. Information, Communication, and Educational Technologies in Rural Alaska

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, G. Andrew; Hill, Melissa

    2008-01-01

    Information, communication, and educational technologies hold promise to connect geographically isolated rural communities, offering adults greater access to educational, financial, and numerous other resources. The Internet and computer-based network technologies are often seen as remedies for communities in economic decline, but they also have…

  8. Generalized hypercube structures and hyperswitch communication network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Young, Steven D.

    1992-01-01

    This paper discusses an ongoing study that uses a recent development in communication control technology to implement hybrid hypercube structures. These architectures are similar to binary hypercubes, but they also provide added connectivity between the processors. This added connectivity increases communication reliability while decreasing the latency of interprocessor message passing. Because these factors directly determine the speed that can be obtained by multiprocessor systems, these architectures are attractive for applications such as remote exploration and experimentation, where high performance and ultrareliability are required. This paper describes and enumerates these architectures and discusses how they can be implemented with a modified version of the hyperswitch communication network (HCN). The HCN is analyzed because it has three attractive features that enable these architectures to be effective: speed, fault tolerance, and the ability to pass multiple messages simultaneously through the same hyperswitch controller.

  9. Lewis Information Network (LINK): Background and overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schulte, Roger R.

    1987-01-01

    The NASA Lewis Research Center supports many research facilities with many isolated buildings, including wind tunnels, test cells, and research laboratories. These facilities are all located on a 350 acre campus adjacent to the Cleveland Hopkins Airport. The function of NASA-Lewis is to do basic and applied research in all areas of aeronautics, fluid mechanics, materials and structures, space propulsion, and energy systems. These functions require a great variety of remote high speed, high volume data communications for computing and interactive graphic capabilities. In addition, new requirements for local distribution of intercenter video teleconferencing and data communications via satellite have developed. To address these and future communications requirements for the next 15 yrs, a project team was organized to design and implement a new high speed communication system that would handle both data and video information in a common lab-wide Local Area Network. The project team selected cable television broadband coaxial cable technology as the communications medium and first installation of in-ground cable began in the summer of 1980. The Lewis Information Network (LINK) became operational in August 1982 and has become the backbone of all data communications and video.

  10. Lewis Information Network (LINK): Background and overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schulte, Roger R.

    1987-11-01

    The NASA Lewis Research Center supports many research facilities with many isolated buildings, including wind tunnels, test cells, and research laboratories. These facilities are all located on a 350 acre campus adjacent to the Cleveland Hopkins Airport. The function of NASA-Lewis is to do basic and applied research in all areas of aeronautics, fluid mechanics, materials and structures, space propulsion, and energy systems. These functions require a great variety of remote high speed, high volume data communications for computing and interactive graphic capabilities. In addition, new requirements for local distribution of intercenter video teleconferencing and data communications via satellite have developed. To address these and future communications requirements for the next 15 yrs, a project team was organized to design and implement a new high speed communication system that would handle both data and video information in a common lab-wide Local Area Network. The project team selected cable television broadband coaxial cable technology as the communications medium and first installation of in-ground cable began in the summer of 1980. The Lewis Information Network (LINK) became operational in August 1982 and has become the backbone of all data communications and video.

  11. Information Communication Highways in the 1990s: An Analysis of Their Potential Impact on Library Automation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kibirige, Harry M.

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of the potential effects of fiber optic-based communication technology on information networks and systems design highlights library automation. Topics discussed include computers and telecommunications systems, the importance of information in national economies, microcomputers, local area networks (LANs), national computer networks,…

  12. The Usefulness of Information and Communication Technologies in Crisis Response

    PubMed Central

    Paul, Sharoda A.; Reddy, Madhu; Abraham, Joanna; DeFlitch, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a vital role in coordinating crisis response between pre-hospital services and emergency departments of hospitals. In spite of the advances in these technologies, there remain a variety of challenges to their usage during a crisis. To identify these challenges, we conducted focus group interviews with emergency department (ED) and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. We found that ED and EMS personnel have widely varying perceptions about the usefulness and ease-of-use of information tools and communication tools used in crisis management. We discuss the importance of bringing together communication and information tools into integrated networks of ICTs for effective crisis response. We also highlight design features of ICTs which can support seamless and effective communication and coordination between ED and EMS teams. PMID:18998898

  13. Scalable information-sharing network management

    E-print Network

    Guo, Nina X. (Nina Xiaoyu)

    2011-01-01

    This thesis analyzes scalable information-sharing network management. It looks into one of the large problems in network management today: finding information across different network domains. Information-sharing network ...

  14. Scalable Information-Sharing Network Management

    E-print Network

    Guo, Nina X.

    2011-06-07

    This thesis analyzes scalable information-sharing network management. It looks into one of the large problems in network management today: finding information across different network domains. Information-sharing network ...

  15. Analyzing the Dynamics of Communication in Online Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Choudhury, Munmun; Sundaram, Hari; John, Ajita; Seligmann, Doree Duncan

    This chapter deals with the analysis of interpersonal communication dynamics in online social networks and social media. Communication is central to the evolution of social systems. Today, the different online social sites feature variegated interactional affordances, ranging from blogging, micro-blogging, sharing media elements (i.e., image, video) as well as a rich set of social actions such as tagging, voting, commenting and so on. Consequently, these communication tools have begun to redefine the ways in which we exchange information or concepts, and how the media channels impact our online interactional behavior. Our central hypothesis is that such communication dynamics between individuals manifest themselves via two key aspects: the information or concept that is the content of communication, and the channel i.e., the media via which communication takes place. We present computational models and discuss large-scale quantitative observational studies for both these organizing ideas. First, we develop a computational framework to determine the "interestingness" property of conversations cented around rich media. Second, we present user models of diffusion of social actions and study the impact of homophily on the diffusion process. The outcome of this research is twofold. First, extensive empirical studies on datasets from YouTube have indicated that on rich media sites, the conversations that are deemed "interesting" appear to have consequential impact on the properties of the social network they are associated with: in terms of degree of participation of the individuals in future conversations, thematic diffusion as well as emergent cohesiveness in activity among the concerned participants in the network. Second, observational and computational studies on large social media datasets such as Twitter have indicated that diffusion of social actions in a network can be indicative of future information cascades. Besides, given a topic, these cascades are often a function of attribute homophily existent among the participants. We believe that this chapter can make significant contribution into a better understanding of how we communicate online and how it is redefining our collective sociological behavior.

  16. WindTalker: A P2P-Based Low-Latency Anonymous Communication Network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jia; Duan, Haixin; Liu, Wu; Wu, Jianping

    Compared with traditional static anonymous communication networks, the P2P architecture can provide higher anonymity in communication. However, the P2P architecture also leads to more challenges, such as route, stability, trust and so on. In this paper, we present WindTalker, a P2P-based low-latency anonymous communication network. It is a pure decentralized mix network and can provide low-latency services which help users hide their real identity in communication. In order to ensure stability and reliability, WindTalker imports “seed nodes” to help a peer join in the P2P network and the peer nodes can use gossip-based protocol to exchange active information. Moreover, WindTalker uses layer encryption to ensure the information of relayed messages cannot be leaked. In addition, malicious nodes in the network are the major threat to anonymity of P2P anonymous communication, so WindTalker imports a trust mechanism which can help the P2P network exclude malicious nodes and optimize the strategy of peer discovery, tunnel construction, and relaying etc. in anonymous communications. We deploy peer nodes of WindTalker in our campus network to test reliability and analyze anonymity in theory. The network measurement and simulation analysis shows that WindTalker can provide low-latency and reliable anonymous communication services.

  17. GAS MAIN SENSOR AND COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect

    Hagen Schempf, Ph.D.

    2003-02-27

    Automatika, Inc. was contracted by the Department of Energy (DOE) and with co-funding from the New York Gas Group (NYGAS), to develop an in-pipe natural gas prototype measurement and wireless communications system for assessing and monitoring distribution networks. A prototype system was built for low-pressure cast-iron mains and tested in a spider- and serial-network configuration in a live network in Long Island with the support of Keyspan Energy, Inc. The prototype unit combined sensors capable of monitoring pressure, flow, humidity, temperature and vibration, which were sampled and combined in data-packages in an in-pipe master-slave architecture to collect data from a distributed spider-arrangement, and in a master-repeater-slave configuration in serial or ladder-network arrangements. It was found that the system was capable of performing all data-sampling and collection as expected, yielding interesting results as to flow-dynamics and vibration-detection. Wireless in-pipe communications were shown to be feasible and valuable data was collected in order to determine how to improve on range and data-quality in the future.

  18. Position Estimation of Tranceivers in Communication Networks

    SciTech Connect

    Kent, C A; Dowla, F U

    2003-10-13

    With the rapid development in wireless sensor networks, there is an important need for transceiver position estimation independent of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) [1,3]. While GPS might be useful for outdoor sensor nodes, it is not for indoor node localization. In this case, position estimation is possible through network range estimates from time-of-flight (TOF) measurements, a technique well suited to large bandwidth physical links, such as in ultra-wideband (UWB) communications. For example, in our UWB systems, with pulse duration less than 200 pico-seconds, range can easily be resolved to less than a foot. Assuming an encoded UWB or spread spectrum physical layer, we developed algorithms and simulation tools to test transceiver position localization. Simulations were designed to lend insight into system characteristics such as position error sensitivities to network geometry, to range estimation errors, and to number of sensor nodes.

  19. A Survey of Routing Techniques for Mobile Communications Networks

    E-print Network

    Ramanathan, Ram

    A Survey of Routing Techniques for Mobile Communications Networks S. Ramanathan and Martha and wireless communication on routing system design, and we survey the set of techniques employed high­quality communication in mobile wireless networks. We offer this survey of routing systems

  20. Personal Mobility in the ICEBERG Integrated Communication Network

    E-print Network

    Raman, Bhaskaran

    Personal Mobility in the ICEBERG Integrated Communication Network Bhaskaran Raman Randy H. Katz in the ICEBERG Integrated Communication Network Bhaskaran Raman Randy H. Katz Anthony D. Joseph fbhaskar communication services in a personalized, unified, and clean fashion across these devices. The Iceberg Project

  1. Network Information System

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1996-05-01

    The Network Information System (NWIS) was initially implemented in May 1996 as a system in which computing devices could be recorded so that unique names could be generated for each device. Since then the system has grown to be an enterprise wide information system which is integrated with other systems to provide the seamless flow of data through the enterprise. The system Iracks data for two main entities: people and computing devices. The following aremore »the type of functions performed by NWIS for these two entities: People Provides source information to the enterprise person data repository for select contractors and visitors Generates and tracks unique usernames and Unix user IDs for every individual granted cyber access Tracks accounts for centrally managed computing resources, and monitors and controls the reauthorization of the accounts in accordance with the DOE mandated interval Computing Devices Generates unique names for all computing devices registered in the system Tracks the following information for each computing device: manufacturer, make, model, Sandia property number, vendor serial number, operating system and operating system version, owner, device location, amount of memory, amount of disk space, and level of support provided for the machine Tracks the hardware address for network cards Tracks the P address registered to computing devices along with the canonical and alias names for each address Updates the Dynamic Domain Name Service (DDNS) for canonical and alias names Creates the configuration files for DHCP to control the DHCP ranges and allow access to only properly registered computers Tracks and monitors classified security plans for stand-alone computers Tracks the configuration requirements used to setup the machine Tracks the roles people have on machines (system administrator, administrative access, user, etc...) Allows systems administrators to track changes made on the machine (both hardware and software) Generates an adjustment history of changes on selected fields« less

  2. Based on asynchronous communication protocol of geographic space information service access mechanism research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, G.; Zhao, J.; Gu, M.; Li, D.

    2014-04-01

    At present, the traditional way of accessing to classified network in geographic spatial information services is using network gatekeeper and firewall etc. to ensure public and classified network communications links. However, the physical isolation between classified network and public network is crossed, which is bound to cause classified network potential security hazard. In Yunnan province space Land dynamic monitoring integration project, it proposed the point to point text message communication protocol and asynchronous transmission mechanism. Using geo-spatial information encryption processing and data compression processing method, it reduced the risk of data sensitivity and monitored, namely to ensure data security, which realized geographic spatial information services data communication effectively between classified network and public network in the rigid field conditions.

  3. FRAUD DETECTION IN COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS USING NEURAL AND PROBABILISTIC METHODS

    E-print Network

    Tresp, Volker

    FRAUD DETECTION IN COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS USING NEURAL AND PROBABILISTIC METHODS Michiaki Fraud detection refers to the attempt to detect illegiti- mate usage of a communications network. Three methods to detect fraud are presented. Firstly, a feed-forward neu- ral network based on supervised

  4. Architecting Communication Network of Networks for Space System of Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bhasin, Kul B.; Hayden, Jeffrey L.

    2008-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Department of Defense (DoD) are planning Space System of Systems (SoS) to address the new challenges of space exploration, defense, communications, navigation, Earth observation, and science. In addition, these complex systems must provide interoperability, enhanced reliability, common interfaces, dynamic operations, and autonomy in system management. Both NASA and the DoD have chosen to meet the new demands with high data rate communication systems and space Internet technologies that bring Internet Protocols (IP), routers, servers, software, and interfaces to space networks to enable as much autonomous operation of those networks as possible. These technologies reduce the cost of operations and, with higher bandwidths, support the expected voice, video, and data needed to coordinate activities at each stage of an exploration mission. In this paper, we discuss, in a generic fashion, how the architectural approaches and processes are being developed and used for defining a hypothetical communication and navigation networks infrastructure to support lunar exploration. Examples are given of the products generated by the architecture development process.

  5. Personal Mobility in the ICEBERG Integrated Communication Network

    E-print Network

    Raman, Bhaskaran

    Personal Mobility in the ICEBERG Integrated Communication Network Bhaskaran Raman bhaskar communication services in a personalized, unified, and clean fashion across these devices. The Iceberg Project as defined by Iceberg are much richer than the corresponding concepts in traditional telephony

  6. Information security trades in tactical wireless networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurdziel, Michael T.; Alvermann, John A.

    2015-05-01

    Wireless networks are now ubiquitous across the tactical environment. They offer unprecedented communications and data access capabilities. However, providing information security to wireless transmissions without impacting performance is a challenge. The information security requirement for each operational scenario presents a large trade space for functionality versus performance. One aspect of this trade space pertains to where information security services are integrated into the protocol stack. This paper will present an overview of the various options that exist and will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

  7. An Interdisciplinary Network Making Progress on Climate Change Communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spitzer, W.; Anderson, J. C.; Bales, S.; Fraser, J.; Yoder, J. A.

    2012-12-01

    Public understanding of climate change continues to lag far behind the scientific consensus not merely because the public lacks information, but because there is in fact too much complex and contradictory information available. Fortunately, we can now (1) build on careful empirical cognitive and social science research to understand what people already value, believe, and understand; and then (2) design and test strategies for translating complex science so that people can examine evidence, make well-informed inferences, and embrace science-based solutions. Informal science education institutions can help bridge the gap between climate scientists and the public. In the US, more than 1,500 informal science venues (science centers, museums, aquariums, zoos, nature centers, national parks, etc.) are visited annually by 61% of the population. Extensive research shows that these visitors are receptive to learning about climate change and trust these institutions as reliable sources. Ultimately, we need to take a strategic approach to the way climate change is communicated. An interdisciplinary approach is needed to bring together three key areas of expertise (as recommended by Pidgeon and Fischhoff, 2011): 1. Climate and decision science experts - who can summarize and explain what is known, characterize risks, and describe appropriate mitigation and adaptation strategies; 2. Social scientists - who can bring to bear research, theory, and best practices from cognitive, communication, knowledge acquisition, and social learning theory; and 3. Informal educators and program designers - who bring a practitioner perspective and can exponentially facilitate a learning process for additional interpreters. With support from an NSF CCEP Phase I grant, we have tested this approach, bringing together Interdisciplinary teams of colleagues for a five month "study circles" to develop skills to communicate climate change based on research in the social and cognitive sciences. In 2011, social scientists, Ph.D. students studying oceanography, and staff from more than 20 institutions that teach science to the public came together in these learning groups. Most participants were motivated to create new or revised training or public programs based on lessons learned together. The success of this program rests on a twofold approach that combines collaborative learning with a cognitive and social sciences research based approach to communications. The learning process facilitated trust and experimentation among co-learners to practice applications for communications that has continued beyond the study circle experience through the networks established during the process. Examples drawn from the study circle outputs suggest that this approach could have a transformative impact on informal science education on a broad scale. Ultimately, we envision informal science interpreters as "vectors" for effective science communication, ocean and climate scientists with enhanced communication skills, and increased public demand for explanation and dialogue about global issues.

  8. Essential elements of online information networks on invasive alien species

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Simpson, A.; Sellers, E.; Grosse, A.; Xie, Y.

    2006-01-01

    In order to be effective, information must be placed in the proper context and organized in a manner that is logical and (preferably) standardized. Recently, invasive alien species (IAS) scientists have begun to create online networks to share their information concerning IAS prevention and control. At a special networking session at the Beijing International Symposium on Biological Invasions, an online Eastern Asia-North American IAS Information Network (EA-NA Network) was proposed. To prepare for the development of this network, and to provide models for other regional collaborations, we compare four examples of global, regional, and national online IAS information networks: the Global Invasive Species Information Network, the Invasives Information Network of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network, the Chinese Species Information System, and the Invasive Species Information Node of the US National Biological Information Infrastructure. We conclude that IAS networks require a common goal, dedicated leaders, effective communication, and broad endorsement, in order to obtain sustainable, long-term funding and long-term stability. They need to start small, use the experience of other networks, partner with others, and showcase benefits. Global integration and synergy among invasive species networks will succeed with contributions from both the top-down and the bottom-up. ?? 2006 Springer.

  9. LETTER Communicated by Alain Destexhe Gamma Rhythmic Bursts: Coherence Control in Networks of

    E-print Network

    Fukai, Tomoki

    LETTER Communicated by Alain Destexhe Gamma Rhythmic Bursts: Coherence Control in Networks University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan Tomoki Fukai tfukai@eng.tamagawa.ac.jp Department of Information-Communication- lation of the coherence of local cortical activity. Numerical simulations demonstrate

  10. Modeling self-organization of communication and topology in social networks

    E-print Network

    Rosvall, M

    2006-01-01

    This paper introduces a model of self-organization between communication and topology in social networks, with a feedback between different communication habits and the topology. To study this feedback, we let agents communicate to build a perception of a network and use this information to create strategic links. We observe a narrow distribution of links when the communication is low and a system with a broad distribution of links when the communication is high. We also analyze the outcome of chatting, cheating, and lying, as strategies to get better access to information in the network. Chatting, although only adopted by a few agents, gives a global gain in the system. Contrary, a global loss is inevitable in a system with too many liars

  11. Communication Efficiency and Congestion of Signal Traffic in Large-Scale Brain Networks

    PubMed Central

    Miši?, Bratislav; Sporns, Olaf; McIntosh, Anthony R.

    2014-01-01

    The complex connectivity of the cerebral cortex suggests that inter-regional communication is a primary function. Using computational modeling, we show that anatomical connectivity may be a major determinant for global information flow in brain networks. A macaque brain network was implemented as a communication network in which signal units flowed between grey matter nodes along white matter paths. Compared to degree-matched surrogate networks, information flow on the macaque brain network was characterized by higher loss rates, faster transit times and lower throughput, suggesting that neural connectivity may be optimized for speed rather than fidelity. Much of global communication was mediated by a “rich club” of hub regions: a sub-graph comprised of high-degree nodes that are more densely interconnected with each other than predicted by chance. First, macaque communication patterns most closely resembled those observed for a synthetic rich club network, but were less similar to those seen in a synthetic small world network, suggesting that the former is a more fundamental feature of brain network topology. Second, rich club regions attracted the most signal traffic and likewise, connections between rich club regions carried more traffic than connections between non-rich club regions. Third, a number of rich club regions were significantly under-congested, suggesting that macaque connectivity actively shapes information flow, funneling traffic towards some nodes and away from others. Together, our results indicate a critical role of the rich club of hub nodes in dynamic aspects of global brain communication. PMID:24415931

  12. Cooperative UAV-Based Communications Backbone for Sensor Networks

    SciTech Connect

    Roberts, R S

    2001-10-07

    The objective of this project is to investigate the use of unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) as mobile, adaptive communications backbones for ground-based sensor networks. In this type of network, the UAVs provide communication connectivity to sensors that cannot communicate with each other because of terrain, distance, or other geographical constraints. In these situations, UAVs provide a vertical communication path for the sensors, thereby mitigating geographic obstacles often imposed on networks. With the proper use of UAVs, connectivity to a widely disbursed sensor network in rugged terrain is readily achieved. Our investigation has focused on networks where multiple cooperating UAVs are used to form a network backbone. The advantage of using multiple UAVs to form the network backbone is parallelization of sensor connectivity. Many widely spaced or isolated sensors can be connected to the network at once using this approach. In these networks, the UAVs logically partition the sensor network into sub-networks (subnets), with one UAV assigned per subnet. Partitioning the network into subnets allows the UAVs to service sensors in parallel thereby decreasing the sensor-to-network connectivity. A UAV services sensors in its subnet by flying a route (path) through the subnet, uplinking data collected by the sensors, and forwarding the data to a ground station. An additional advantage of using multiple UAVs in the network is that they provide redundancy in the communications backbone, so that the failure of a single UAV does not necessarily imply the loss of the network.

  13. GAS MAIN SENSOR AND COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect

    Hagen Schempf

    2004-09-30

    Automatika, Inc. was contracted by the Department of Energy (DOE) and with co-funding from the New York Gas Group (NYGAS), to develop an in-pipe natural gas prototype measurement and wireless communications system for assessing and monitoring distribution networks. In Phase II of this three-phase program, an improved prototype system was built for low-pressure cast-iron and high-pressure steel (including a no-blow installation system) mains and tested in a serial-network configuration in a live network in Long Island with the support of Keyspan Energy, Inc. The experiment was carried out in several open-hole excavations over a multi-day period. The prototype units (3 total) combined sensors capable of monitoring pressure, flow, humidity, temperature and vibration, which were sampled and combined in data-packages in an in-pipe master-repeater-slave configuration in serial or ladder-network arrangements. It was verified that the system was capable of performing all data-sampling, data-storage and collection as expected, yielding interesting results as to flow-dynamics and vibration-detection. Wireless in-pipe communications were shown to be feasible and the system was demonstrated to run off in-ground battery- and above-ground solar power. The remote datalogger access and storage-card features were demonstrated and used to log and post-process system data. Real-time data-display on an updated Phase-I GUI was used for in-field demonstration and troubleshooting.

  14. integration application network The art of science communication:The art of science communication

    E-print Network

    Hilderbrand, Robert H.

    --2000200019001900--19501950 BiologyBiology 2000 2000--2050 2050 Environmental Environmental Problem Solving Problem Solving 17001700integration application network The art of science communication:The art of science communication

  15. Chain-Based Communication in Cylindrical Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Javaid, Nadeem; Jafri, Mohsin Raza; Khan, Zahoor Ali; Alrajeh, Nabil; Imran, Muhammad; Vasilakos, Athanasios

    2015-01-01

    Appropriate network design is very significant for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs). Application-oriented UWSNs are planned to achieve certain objectives. Therefore, there is always a demand for efficient data routing schemes, which can fulfill certain requirements of application-oriented UWSNs. These networks can be of any shape, i.e., rectangular, cylindrical or square. In this paper, we propose chain-based routing schemes for application-oriented cylindrical networks and also formulate mathematical models to find a global optimum path for data transmission. In the first scheme, we devise four interconnected chains of sensor nodes to perform data communication. In the second scheme, we propose routing scheme in which two chains of sensor nodes are interconnected, whereas in third scheme single-chain based routing is done in cylindrical networks. After finding local optimum paths in separate chains, we find global optimum paths through their interconnection. Moreover, we develop a computational model for the analysis of end-to-end delay. We compare the performance of the above three proposed schemes with that of Power Efficient Gathering System in Sensor Information Systems (PEGASIS) and Congestion adjusted PEGASIS (C-PEGASIS). Simulation results show that our proposed 4-chain based scheme performs better than the other selected schemes in terms of network lifetime, end-to-end delay, path loss, transmission loss, and packet sending rate. PMID:25658394

  16. A Hybrid Satellite-Terrestrial Approach to Aeronautical Communication Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Chomos, Gerald J.; Griner, James H.; Mainger, Steven W.; Martzaklis, Konstantinos S.; Kachmar, Brian A.

    2000-01-01

    Rapid growth in air travel has been projected to continue for the foreseeable future. To maintain a safe and efficient national and global aviation system, significant advances in communications systems supporting aviation are required. Satellites will increasingly play a critical role in the aeronautical communications network. At the same time, current ground-based communications links, primarily very high frequency (VHF), will continue to be employed due to cost advantages and legacy issues. Hence a hybrid satellite-terrestrial network, or group of networks, will emerge. The increased complexity of future aeronautical communications networks dictates that system-level modeling be employed to obtain an optimal system fulfilling a majority of user needs. The NASA Glenn Research Center is investigating the current and potential future state of aeronautical communications, and is developing a simulation and modeling program to research future communications architectures for national and global aeronautical needs. This paper describes the primary requirements, the current infrastructure, and emerging trends of aeronautical communications, including a growing role for satellite communications. The need for a hybrid communications system architecture approach including both satellite and ground-based communications links is explained. Future aeronautical communication network topologies and key issues in simulation and modeling of future aeronautical communications systems are described.

  17. Information Communication Technology (ICT) Shaping Student Affairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broughton, Elizabeth

    This paper opens with the following questions: "How prepared are you as a student affairs professional for information communication technology (ICT)? Do you understand such concepts as portals, e-business, Napster, computer use policies, and wireless communication? Will student affairs be shaped by ICT or will student affairs help shape ICT on…

  18. Communication and Informed Consent in Clinical Geriatrics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ratzan, Richard M.

    1986-01-01

    Obtaining a valid informed consent from an elderly person, especially with possible senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type, first may involve solving the practical problems of effective communication. Impediments to effective communication with these individuals is discussed and suggestions for how to obviate them are given. (Author/BL)

  19. Dynamics of information spread on networks

    E-print Network

    Lerman, Kristina

    popular trends #12;USC Information Sciences Institute Comparative empirical analysis Digg · VotingDynamics of information spread on networks Kristina Lerman USC Information Sciences Institute #12;USC Information Sciences Institute Information spread in online social networks Diffusion

  20. The Virtual Research and Extension Communication Network (VRECN): An Interactive Learning and Communication Network for Research and Extension Personnel. Concept Paper for the Food & Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Don

    A Virtual Research and Extension Communication Network (VRECN) is a set of networked electronic tools facilitating improvement in communication processes and information sharing among stakeholders involved in agricultural development. In developing countries, research and extension personnel within a ministry of agriculture, in consultation and…

  1. Gas Main Sensor and Communications Network System

    SciTech Connect

    Hagen Schempf

    2006-05-31

    Automatika, Inc. was contracted by the Department of Energy (DOE) and with co-funding from the Northeast Gas Association (NGA), to develop an in-pipe natural gas prototype measurement and wireless communications system for assessing and monitoring distribution networks. This projected was completed in April 2006, and culminated in the installation of more than 2 dozen GasNet nodes in both low- and high-pressure cast-iron and steel mains owned by multiple utilities in the northeastern US. Utilities are currently logging data (off-line) and monitoring data in real time from single and multiple networked sensors over cellular networks and collecting data using wireless bluetooth PDA systems. The system was designed to be modular, using in-pipe sensor-wands capable of measuring, flow, pressure, temperature, water-content and vibration. Internal antennae allowed for the use of the pipe-internals as a waveguide for setting up a sensor network to collect data from multiple nodes simultaneously. Sensor nodes were designed to be installed with low- and no-blow techniques and tools. Using a multi-drop bus technique with a custom protocol, all electronics were designed to be buriable and allow for on-board data-collection (SD-card), wireless relaying and cellular network forwarding. Installation options afforded by the design included direct-burial and external polemounted variants. Power was provided by one or more batteries, direct AC-power (Class I Div.2) and solar-array. The utilities are currently in a data-collection phase and intend to use the collected (and processed) data to make capital improvement decisions, compare it to Stoner model predictions and evaluate the use of such a system for future expansion, technology-improvement and commercialization starting later in 2006.

  2. Essays on social networks and information worker productivity by Lynn Wu.

    E-print Network

    Wu, Lynn, 1981-

    2011-01-01

    In this thesis, I examine how information, information technology, and social networks affect information worker productivity. The work is divided into three essays based on tracking detailed communication patterns of ...

  3. Quantum Information in Communication and Imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simon, David S.; Jaeger, Gregg; Sergienko, Alexander V.

    2015-10-01

    A brief introduction to quantum information theory in the context of quantum optics is presented. After presenting the fundamental theoretical basis of the subject, experimental evaluation of entanglement measures are discussed, followed by applications to communication and imaging.

  4. Information and Communication in Lean Product Development

    E-print Network

    Graebsch, Martin

    In this thesis, the implications and influences that information and communication impose on lean product development in general, as well as the development of a lean Product Development Value Stream Display (lean PDVSD) ...

  5. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...computer and communication systems and networks. 73.54 Section 73.54 Energy...computer and communication systems and networks. By November 23, 2009 each...computer and communication systems and networks are adequately protected against...

  6. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...computer and communication systems and networks. 73.54 Section 73.54 Energy...computer and communication systems and networks. By November 23, 2009 each...computer and communication systems and networks are adequately protected against...

  7. Information thermodynamics on causal networks.

    PubMed

    Ito, Sosuke; Sagawa, Takahiro

    2013-11-01

    We study nonequilibrium thermodynamics of complex information flows induced by interactions between multiple fluctuating systems. Characterizing nonequilibrium dynamics by causal networks (i.e., Bayesian networks), we obtain novel generalizations of the second law of thermodynamics and the fluctuation theorem, which include an informational quantity characterized by the topology of the causal network. Our result implies that the entropy production in a single system in the presence of multiple other systems is bounded by the information flow between these systems. We demonstrate our general result by a simple model of biochemical adaptation. PMID:24237500

  8. The network and transmission of based on the principle of laser multipoint communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, Qiang; Liu, Xianzhu; Jiang, Huilin; Hu, Yuan; Jiang, Lun

    2014-11-01

    Space laser communication is the perfectly choose to the earth integrated information backbone network in the future. This paper introduces the structure of the earth integrated information network that is a large capacity integrated high-speed broadband information network, a variety of communications platforms were densely interconnected together, such as the land, sea, air and deep air users or aircraft, the technologies of the intelligent high-speed processing, switching and routing were adopt. According to the principle of maximum effective comprehensive utilization of information resources, get accurately information, fast processing and efficient transmission through inter-satellite, satellite earth, sky and ground station and other links. Namely it will be a space-based, air-based and ground-based integrated information network. It will be started from the trends of laser communication. The current situation of laser multi-point communications were expounded, the transmission scheme of the dynamic multi-point between wireless laser communication n network has been carefully studied, a variety of laser communication network transmission schemes the corresponding characteristics and scope described in detail , described the optical multiplexer machine that based on the multiport form of communication is applied to relay backbone link; the optical multiplexer-based on the form of the segmentation receiver field of view is applied to small angle link, the optical multiplexer-based form of three concentric spheres structure is applied to short distances, motorized occasions, and the multi-point stitching structure based on the rotation paraboloid is applied to inter-satellite communications in detail. The multi-point laser communication terminal apparatus consist of the transmitting and receiving antenna, a relay optical system, the spectroscopic system, communication system and communication receiver transmitter system. The communication forms of optical multiplexer more than four goals or more, the ratio of received power and volume weight will be Obvious advantages, and can track multiple moving targets in flexible.It would to provide reference for the construction of earth integrated information networks.

  9. Understanding Stateful vs Stateless Communication Strategies for Ad hoc Networks

    E-print Network

    Crovella, Mark

    Understanding Stateful vs Stateless Communication Strategies for Ad hoc Networks Victoria Manfredi, change and uncertainty affect how long any state maintained by a communication strategy remains useful for organizing the decision space for deciding when a communication strategy should main- tain state, and what

  10. 77 FR 8256 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ...and satellite communications providers. The...recent years, communications have evolved...circuit-switched network infrastructure to broadband networks. The Commission...and emergency communications needs,...

  11. Distributed communications and control network for robotic mining

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schiffbauer, William H.

    1989-01-01

    The application of robotics to coal mining machines is one approach pursued to increase productivity while providing enhanced safety for the coal miner. Toward that end, a network composed of microcontrollers, computers, expert systems, real time operating systems, and a variety of program languages are being integrated that will act as the backbone for intelligent machine operation. Actual mining machines, including a few customized ones, have been given telerobotic semiautonomous capabilities by applying the described network. Control devices, intelligent sensors and computers onboard these machines are showing promise of achieving improved mining productivity and safety benefits. Current research using these machines involves navigation, multiple machine interaction, machine diagnostics, mineral detection, and graphical machine representation. Guidance sensors and systems employed include: sonar, laser rangers, gyroscopes, magnetometers, clinometers, and accelerometers. Information on the network of hardware/software and its implementation on mining machines are presented. Anticipated coal production operations using the network are discussed. A parallelism is also drawn between the direction of present day underground coal mining research to how the lunar soil (regolith) may be mined. A conceptual lunar mining operation that employs a distributed communication and control network is detailed.

  12. Artificial Neural Network for Location Estimation in Wireless Communication Systems

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Chien-Sheng

    2012-01-01

    In a wireless communication system, wireless location is the technique used to estimate the location of a mobile station (MS). To enhance the accuracy of MS location prediction, we propose a novel algorithm that utilizes time of arrival (TOA) measurements and the angle of arrival (AOA) information to locate MS when three base stations (BSs) are available. Artificial neural networks (ANN) are widely used techniques in various areas to overcome the problem of exclusive and nonlinear relationships. When the MS is heard by only three BSs, the proposed algorithm utilizes the intersections of three TOA circles (and the AOA line), based on various neural networks, to estimate the MS location in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) environments. Simulations were conducted to evaluate the performance of the algorithm for different NLOS error distributions. The numerical analysis and simulation results show that the proposed algorithms can obtain more precise location estimation under different NLOS environments. PMID:22736978

  13. Informal Communication in an Online Volunteer Community: Implications for

    E-print Network

    Fussell, Susan R.

    in which proximity benefits informal communication and relationship development and how technologies can opportunities for interpersonal communication and relationship development and then examine how dimensions1 Informal Communication in an Online Volunteer Community: Implications for Supporting Virtual

  14. 47 CFR 64.2011 - Notification of customer proprietary network information security breaches.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Notification of customer proprietary network information security breaches. 64.2011 Section 64.2011 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2011 Notification of customer proprietary network information...

  15. 47 CFR 64.2011 - Notification of customer proprietary network information security breaches.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notification of customer proprietary network information security breaches. 64.2011 Section 64.2011 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2011 Notification of customer proprietary network information...

  16. Correlated Dynamics in Egocentric Communication Networks

    PubMed Central

    Karsai, Márton; Kaski, Kimmo; Kertész, János

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the communication sequences of millions of people through two different channels and analyse the fine grained temporal structure of correlated event trains induced by single individuals. By focusing on correlations between the heterogeneous dynamics and the topology of egocentric networks we find that the bursty trains usually evolve for pairs of individuals rather than for the ego and his/her several neighbours, thus burstiness is a property of the links rather than of the nodes. We compare the directional balance of calls and short messages within bursty trains to the average on the actual link and show that for the trains of voice calls the imbalance is significantly enhanced, while for short messages the balance within the trains increases. These effects can be partly traced back to the technological constraints (for short messages) and partly to the human behavioural features (voice calls). We define a model that is able to reproduce the empirical results and may help us to understand better the mechanisms driving technology mediated human communication dynamics. PMID:22866176

  17. The Study of Communication Networks and Communication Structure in Large Organizations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monge, Peter R.; Lindsey, Georg N.

    This report describes a set of procedures for analyzing communication networks in large organizations. The procedures include the identification and evaluation of various kinds of networks, assessment of the organizational hierarchy, appraisal of various departments within the organization, and evaluation of individual communication behavior. The…

  18. Statistically validated mobile communication networks: the evolution of motifs in European and Chinese data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ming-Xia; Palchykov, Vasyl; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Kaski, Kimmo; Kertész, János; Miccichč, Salvatore; Tumminello, Michele; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Mantegna, Rosario N.

    2014-08-01

    Big data open up unprecedented opportunities for investigating complex systems, including society. In particular, communication data serve as major sources for computational social sciences, but they have to be cleaned and filtered as they may contain spurious information due to recording errors as well as interactions, like commercial and marketing activities, not directly related to the social network. The network constructed from communication data can only be considered as a proxy for the network of social relationships. Here we apply a systematic method, based on multiple-hypothesis testing, to statistically validate the links and then construct the corresponding Bonferroni network, generalized to the directed case. We study two large datasets of mobile phone records, one from Europe and the other from China. For both datasets we compare the raw data networks with the corresponding Bonferroni networks and point out significant differences in the structures and in the basic network measures. We show evidence that the Bonferroni network provides a better proxy for the network of social interactions than the original one. Using the filtered networks, we investigated the statistics and temporal evolution of small directed 3-motifs and concluded that closed communication triads have a formation time scale, which is quite fast and typically intraday. We also find that open communication triads preferentially evolve into other open triads with a higher fraction of reciprocated calls. These stylized facts were observed for both datasets.

  19. Models, Entropy and Information of Temporal Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Kun; Karsai, Márton; Bianconi, Ginestra

    Temporal social networks are characterized by heterogeneous duration of contacts, which can either follow a power-law distribution, such as in face-to-face interactions, or a Weibull distribution, such as in mobile-phone communication. Here we model the dynamics of face-to-face interaction and mobile phone communication by a reinforcement dynamics, which explains the data observed in these different types of social interactions. We quantify the information encoded in the dynamics of these networks by the entropy of temporal networks. Finally, we show evidence that human dynamics is able to modulate the information present in social network dynamics when it follows circadian rhythms and when it is interfacing with a new technology such as the mobile-phone communication technology.

  20. Models, Entropy and Information of Temporal Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Zhao, Kun; Bianconi, Ginestra

    2013-01-01

    Temporal social networks are characterized by {heterogeneous} duration of contacts, which can either follow a power-law distribution, such as in face-to-face interactions, or a Weibull distribution, such as in mobile-phone communication. Here we model the dynamics of face-to-face interaction and mobile phone communication by a reinforcement dynamics, which explains the data observed in these different types of social interactions. We quantify the information encoded in the dynamics of these networks by the entropy of temporal networks. Finally, we show evidence that human dynamics is able to modulate the information present in social network dynamics when it follows circadian rhythms and when it is interfacing with a new technology such as the mobile-phone communication technology.

  1. Robust Networking Architecture and Secure Communication Scheme for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeal, McKenzie, III.

    2012-01-01

    Current networking architectures and communication protocols used for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been designed to be energy efficient, low latency, and long network lifetime. One major issue that must be addressed is the security in data communication. Due to the limited capabilities of low cost and small sized sensor nodes, designing…

  2. Consensus in networks of mobile communicating agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baronchelli, Andrea; Díaz-Guilera, Albert

    2012-01-01

    Populations of mobile and communicating agents describe a vast array of technological and natural systems, ranging from sensor networks to animal groups. Here, we investigate how a group-level agreement may emerge in the continuously evolving network defined by the local interactions of the moving individuals. We adopt a general scheme of motion in two dimensions and we let the individuals interact through the minimal naming game, a prototypical scheme to investigate social consensus. We distinguish different regimes of convergence determined by the emission range of the agents and by their mobility, and we identify the corresponding scaling behaviors of the consensus time. In the same way, we rationalize also the behavior of the maximum memory used during the convergence process, which determines the minimum cognitive/storage capacity needed by the individuals. Overall, we believe that the simple and general model presented in this paper can represent a helpful reference for a better understanding of the behavior of populations of mobile agents.

  3. Integrating Information & Communications Technologies into the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomei, Lawrence, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    "Integrating Information & Communications Technologies Into the Classroom" examines topics critical to business, computer science, and information technology education, such as: school improvement and reform, standards-based technology education programs, data-driven decision making, and strategic technology education planning. This book also…

  4. TEXconnect: An Open Communication & Information Infrastructure

    E-print Network

    Baumann, Peter

    electronic business-to-business commerce along the textile supply chain by providing an open informationTEXconnect: An Open Communication & Information Infrastructure for the Textile Supply Chain P electronic commerce: the lack of interoperability and integration of applications. The project will improve

  5. Child Rights Information Network Newsletter, 2000-2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Andrea, Ed.; Greenwood, Laura, Ed.

    These five newsletter issues communicate activities of the Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) and report on information resources and world-wide activities concerning children and child rights. The March 2000 issue focuses on children's right to education, assessing the matter form a range of differing perspectives, at international and…

  6. Link Identifiability in Communication Networks with Two Monitors

    E-print Network

    Leung, Kin K.

    metrics in a communication network by mea- suring end-to-end metrics of selected paths between monitors of individual network elements (e.g., nodes/links) is, however, not always feasible due to the traffic overhead of the measurement process and the lack of support at internal network elements for making such measurements [1

  7. Communicated by Richard Lippmann A Spherical Basis Function Neural Network

    E-print Network

    Jenison, Rick L.

    Communicated by Richard Lippmann '" A Spherical Basis Function Neural Network for Modeling Auditory USA This paper describes a neural network for approximation problems on the sphere. The von Mises coordinates. The architecture of the von Mises Basis Function (VMBF) neural network is presented along

  8. In-vehicle communication networks -a historical perspective and review

    E-print Network

    Navet, Nicolas

    .5.3 Security issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2 In-car embedded networks 10 2.1 The CAN networkIn-vehicle communication networks - a historical perspective and review Nicolas Navet 1-Kalergi, L-1359 Luxembourg 2: LORIA - Université de Lorraine, Campus Scientique, BP 239 54506 Vandoeuvre

  9. Scaling theory for information networks.

    PubMed

    Moses, Melanie E; Forrest, Stephanie; Davis, Alan L; Lodder, Mike A; Brown, James H

    2008-12-01

    Networks distribute energy, materials and information to the components of a variety of natural and human-engineered systems, including organisms, brains, the Internet and microprocessors. Distribution networks enable the integrated and coordinated functioning of these systems, and they also constrain their design. The similar hierarchical branching networks observed in organisms and microprocessors are striking, given that the structure of organisms has evolved via natural selection, while microprocessors are designed by engineers. Metabolic scaling theory (MST) shows that the rate at which networks deliver energy to an organism is proportional to its mass raised to the 3/4 power. We show that computational systems are also characterized by nonlinear network scaling and use MST principles to characterize how information networks scale, focusing on how MST predicts properties of clock distribution networks in microprocessors. The MST equations are modified to account for variation in the size and density of transistors and terminal wires in microprocessors. Based on the scaling of the clock distribution network, we predict a set of trade-offs and performance properties that scale with chip size and the number of transistors. However, there are systematic deviations between power requirements on microprocessors and predictions derived directly from MST. These deviations are addressed by augmenting the model to account for decentralized flow in some microprocessor networks (e.g. in logic networks). More generally, we hypothesize a set of constraints between the size, power and performance of networked information systems including transistors on chips, hosts on the Internet and neurons in the brain. PMID:18468978

  10. Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems for Lightwave Communication Networks.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Nilanjan

    With the proliferation of multimedia services such as video-conferencing, video-on-demand, user-friendly human interface technologies such as Virtual Reality and HDTV, communication networks will require channels with very large information transfer capacities. Hence, large bandwidth (BW) single-mode optical fiber backbone networks with Gigabit capacity have been deployed. Terabit transport networks are expected in the near future. Networks employing direct-detection (DD) suffer from low detection sensitivities and low wavelength-selectivity of optical components. Although the evolution of the Erbium -doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) has removed some of these drawbacks, hetero-dyne lightwave systems are necessary to effectively exploit the large BW available in optical fibers. Heterodyne schemes allow frequency-division multiplexing (FDM) of many closely spaced optical carriers, in contrast to conventional wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) with wider channel spacings. It becomes necessary to investigate the spacing of FDM channels in order to prevent excessive interference from the users of adjacent optical carriers. This study examines the crosstalk penalty arising from adjacent channels in dense WDM and the effects of laser phase noise. The interference due to adjacent channels is related to the achievable bit-error rate at the output of the digital receiver. In heterodyne systems, an image-band signal interferes with the detection of the desired signal. An image-rejection receiver (IRR) reduces channel spacings by suppressing this interference. In this work, the required channel spacings for use in IRR's to achieve allowable crosstalk penalties are determined. Also, a novel all-optical image rejection receiver front-end using specialized single-mode fibers for providing the image rejection is designed and analyzed. Due to their compatibility with silica fibers, EDFA's are being increasingly deployed in state-of-the -art optical communication networks. These all-optical amplifiers possess superior broadband performance compared to electronic amplifiers used in present day networks. EDFA's can also optically amplify dense WDM signals. However, for network scalability, a problem in multiwavelength all -optical networks is the progressive decay of certain signal wavelengths in the amplifier cascade due to unequal gains of the channels. We examine the gain-broadening mechanism in EDFA's and propose a model for inhomogeneous broadening. Further, we investigate the implications of the broadening mechanisms for channel packing in dense WDM systems.

  11. Workplace Learning in Informal Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milligan, Colin; Littlejohn, Allison; Margaryan, Anoush

    2014-01-01

    Learning does not stop when an individual leaves formal education, but becomes increasingly informal, and deeply embedded within other activities such as work. This article describes the challenges of informal learning in knowledge intensive industries, highlighting the important role of personal learning networks. The article argues that…

  12. A tradeoff study of switching systems in computer communication networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kermani, P.; Kleinrock, L.

    1980-12-01

    This paper is concerned with a comparison study of three switching techniques used in computer-based communication networks: circuit switching, message (packet) switching, and cut-through switching. The comparison is based on the delay performance as obtained through analytic models of these techniques. For circuit switching, the model reflects the phenomenon of channel reservation through which it can be shown that when circuit switching is used, data communication networks saturate rapidly. Through numerical examples, it is shown that the boundary between the areas of relative effectiveness of these switching techniques depends very much on the network topology (more precisely the path length of communication), the message length, and the useful utilization.

  13. Power-law behavior in complex organizational communication networks during crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uddin, Shahadat; Murshed, Shahriar Tanvir Hasan; Hossain, Liaquat

    2011-08-01

    Communication networks can be described as patterns of contacts which are created due to the flow of messages and information shared among participating actors. Contemporary organizations are now commonly viewed as dynamic systems of adaptation and evolution containing several parts, which interact with one another both in internal and in external environment. Although there is limited consensus among researchers on the precise definition of organizational crisis, there is evidence of shared meaning: crisis produces individual crisis, crisis can be associated with positive or negative conditions, crises can be situations having been precipitated quickly or suddenly or situations that have developed over time and are predictable etc. In this research, we study the power-law behavior of an organizational email communication network during crisis from complexity perspective. Power law simply describes that, the probability that a randomly selected node has k links (i.e. degree k) follows P(k)?k, where ? is the degree exponent. We used social network analysis tools and techniques to analyze the email communication dataset. We tested two propositions: (1) as organization goes through crisis, a few actors, who are prominent or more active, will become central, and (2) the daily communication network as well as the actors in the communication network exhibit power-law behavior. Our preliminary results support these two propositions. The outcome of this study may provide significant advancement in exploring organizational communication network behavior during crisis.

  14. Space Station Information System requirements for integrated communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marker, W.; Whitelaw, V.; Muratore, J.; Bigham, J., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    Space Station Information System (SSIS) requirements for integrated end-to-end communications are presented. The SSIS is defined as the integrated set of space and ground data and information systems and networks which will provide required data services to the Space Station flight crew, ground operations personnel, and customer communities. This model is based on the International Standards Organization (ISO) layered model for Open System Interconnection (OSI). These SSIS requirements include grades of service, priority classifications, systems management, flow control, bandwidth allocation, and standard SSIS data services.

  15. Advanced Communication and Networking Technologies for Mars Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bhasin, Kul; Hayden, Jeff; Agre, Jonathan R.; Clare, Loren P.; Yan, Tsun-Yee

    2001-01-01

    Next-generation Mars communications networks will provide communications and navigation services to a wide variety of Mars science vehicles including: spacecraft that are arriving at Mars, spacecraft that are entering and descending in the Mars atmosphere, scientific orbiter spacecraft, spacecraft that return Mars samples to Earth, landers, rovers, aerobots, airplanes, and sensing pods. In the current architecture plans, the communication services will be provided using capabilities deployed on the science vehicles as well as dedicated communication satellites that will together make up the Mars network. This network will evolve as additional vehicles arrive, depart or end their useful missions. Cost savings and increased reliability will result from the ability to share communication services between missions. This paper discusses the basic architecture that is needed to support the Mars Communications Network part of NASA's Space Science Enterprise (SSE) communications architecture. The network may use various networking technologies such as those employed in the terrestrial Internet, as well as special purpose deep-space protocols to move data and commands autonomously between vehicles, at disparate Mars vicinity sites (on the surface or in near-Mars space) and between Mars vehicles and earthbound users. The architecture of the spacecraft on-board local communications is being reconsidered in light of these new networking requirements. The trend towards increasingly autonomous operation of the spacecraft is aimed at reducing the dependence on resource scheduling provided by Earth-based operators and increasing system fault tolerance. However, these benefits will result in increased communication and software development requirements. As a result, the envisioned Mars communications infrastructure requires both hardware and protocol technology advancements. This paper will describe a number of the critical technology needs and some of the ongoing research activities.

  16. (CICT) Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    VanDalsem, William R.

    2003-01-01

    The goal of the Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) program is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communications technologies. This viewgraph presentation includes diagrams of how the political guidance behind CICT is structured. The presentation profiles each part of the NASA Mission in detail, and relates the Mission to the activities of CICT. CICT's Integrated Capability Goal is illustrated, and hypothetical missions which could be enabled by CICT are profiled. CICT technology development is profiled.

  17. Promoting Communication Skills for Information Systems Students in Australian and Portuguese Higher Education: Action Research Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaias, Pedro; Issa, Tomayess

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to examine the value of communication skills learning process through various assessments in Information Systems (IS) postgraduate units in Australia and Portugal. Currently, communication skills are indispensable to students in expanding their social networks and their knowledge at university and in the future workplace, since…

  18. Modeling the process of information relay through inter-vehicle communication

    E-print Network

    Wang, Bruce

    -vehicle communication Xiubin Wang * National Center for Freight and Infrastructure Research and Education, University networks, and information may be propagated between vehicles through wire- less communication with a short distance in the case with transmission delay. The results make transparent the relationship between

  19. Unreduced Dynamic Complexity: Towards the Unified Science of Intelligent Communication Networks and Software

    E-print Network

    Andrei P. Kirilyuk

    2006-03-16

    Operation of autonomic communication networks with complicated user-oriented functions should be described as unreduced many-body interaction process. The latter gives rise to complex-dynamic behaviour including fractally structured hierarchy of chaotically changing realisations. We recall the main results of the universal science of complexity (physics/9806002) based on the unreduced interaction problem solution and its application to various real systems, from nanobiosystems (physics/0412097, physics/0502133) and quantum devices (physics/0211071) to intelligent networks (physics/0412058) and emerging consciousness (physics/0409140). We concentrate then on applications to autonomic communication leading to fundamentally substantiated, exact science of intelligent communication and software. It aims at unification of the whole diversity of complex information system behaviour, similar to the conventional, "Newtonian" science order for sequential, regular models of system dynamics. Basic principles and first applications of the unified science of complex-dynamic communication networks and software are outlined to demonstrate its advantages and emerging practical perspectives.

  20. Space Communications Networks Support MMS - Duration: 88 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    All three of NASA’s Space Communications Networks are excited to support the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mission in its journey to study the microphysics of magnetic reconnection. The Near Eart...

  1. Networking: External Communication Systems for Female Organizational Members.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeWine, Sue; Casbolt, Diane

    1983-01-01

    Presents a case study of the types of communication behavior exhibited by the members of a particular women's network. Reported that androgynous individuals were making more frequent contacts per week than any other psychological types. (PD)

  2. Social gating of sensory information during ongoing communication.

    PubMed

    Anders, Silke; Heussen, Yana; Sprenger, Andreas; Haynes, John-Dylan; Ethofer, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Social context plays an important role in human communication. Depending on the nature of the source, the same communication signal might be processed in fundamentally different ways. However, the selective modulation (or "gating") of the flow of neural information during communication is not fully understood. Here, we use multivoxel pattern analysis (MVPA) and multivoxel connectivity analysis (MVCA), a novel technique that allows to analyse context-dependent changes of the strength interregional coupling between ensembles of voxels, to examine how the human brain differentially gates content-specific sensory information during ongoing perception of communication signals. In a simulated electronic communication experiment, participants received two alternative text messages during fMRI ("happy" or "sad") which they believed had been sent either by their real-life friend outside the scanner or by a computer. A region in the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) selectively increased its functional coupling with sensory-content encoding regions in the visual cortex when a text message was perceived as being sent by the participant's friend, and decreased its functional coupling with these regions when a text message was perceived as being sent by the computer. Furthermore, the strength of neural encoding of content-specific information of text messages in the dmPFC was modulated by the social tie between the participant and her friend: the more of her spare time a participant reported to spend with her friend the stronger was the neural encoding. This suggests that the human brain selectively gates sensory information into the relevant network for processing the mental states of others, depending on the source of the communication signal. PMID:25315788

  3. Fiber-Optic Terahertz Data-Communication Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chua, Peter L.; Lambert, James L.; Morookian, John M.; Bergman, Larry A.

    1994-01-01

    Network protocols implemented in optical domain. Fiber-optic data-communication networks utilize fully available bandwidth of single-mode optical fibers. Two key features of method: use of subpicosecond laser pulses as carrier signals and spectral phase modulation of pulses for optical implementation of code-division multiple access as multiplexing network protocol. Local-area network designed according to concept offers full crossbar functionality, security of data in transit through network, and capacity about 100 times that of typical fiber-optic local-area network in current use.

  4. A Communication Protocol for Vehicle Collision Warning System Computing and Information Sciences

    E-print Network

    Singh, Gurdip

    system on a highway. With the vehicle status information shared in the ad hoc mobile network consisting systems. It is capable of predicting potential collisions based on the status information shared amongA Communication Protocol for Vehicle Collision Warning System Huang Zhu Computing and Information

  5. 47 CFR 64.2008 - Notice required for use of customer proprietary network information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Notice required for use of customer proprietary network information. 64.2008 Section 64.2008 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2008 Notice required for use of customer proprietary network...

  6. 47 CFR 64.2008 - Notice required for use of customer proprietary network information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice required for use of customer proprietary network information. 64.2008 Section 64.2008 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2008 Notice required for use of customer proprietary network...

  7. R&D on wireless broadband communication systems: new generation ubiquitous mobile network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ogawa, Hiroyo

    2007-09-01

    R&D on new generation mobile network has attracted a growing interest over the world on the background of rapid market growth for 2nd and 3rd - generation cellular networks and wireless LANs/MANs. The National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) has been carried out the New Generation Mobile Network Project from April 2002 to March 2006, and has developed fundamental technologies to enable seamless and secure integration of various wireless access networks such as existing cellular networks, wireless LANs, home networks, intelligent transport systems (ITS), the Beyond-3G (B3G) cellular and other wireless access systems. From April 2006, Ubiquitous Mobile Network project focused on cognitive radio technology and integrated seamless networking technology was started. This paper overviews the achievement and the future plan of these projects.

  8. Communicate with me: Information Exchanges between Nurses.

    PubMed

    2015-03-01

    Patient safety and continuity of quality care are dependent on effective communication. Clinical nurse specialists at the Health Sciences Centre in Winnipeg were finding that when they sought out essential patient information from front-line nurses, they sometimes encountered gaps in knowledge about the patient. Having to acquire this information elsewhere was causing unnecessary delays in care. The authors, members of an advanced practice nurses group at the Health Sciences Centre in Winnipeg, undertook a quality improvement project to gain an understanding of the problems in information exchanges between nurses. Through interviews with front-line nurses on four units, they found that many factors contributed to the lack of knowledge nurses had about patients, such as inconsistent documentation, poorly defined plans of care and variable communication patterns. This project highlighted the need to develop a standardized handoff template to aid in information exchanges. PMID:26387228

  9. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks...Sites § 73.54 Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks...shall provide high assurance that digital computer and communication systems and...

  10. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks...Sites § 73.54 Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks...shall provide high assurance that digital computer and communication systems and...

  11. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks...Sites § 73.54 Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks...shall provide high assurance that digital computer and communication systems and...

  12. Design of Hybrid Mobile Communication Networks for Planetary Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alena, Richard L.; Ossenfort, John; Lee, Charles; Walker, Edward; Stone, Thom

    2004-01-01

    The Mobile Exploration System Project (MEX) at NASA Ames Research Center has been conducting studies into hybrid communication networks for future planetary missions. These networks consist of space-based communication assets connected to ground-based Internets and planetary surface-based mobile wireless networks. These hybrid mobile networks have been deployed in rugged field locations in the American desert and the Canadian arctic for support of science and simulation activities on at least six occasions. This work has been conducted over the past five years resulting in evolving architectural complexity, improved component characteristics and better analysis and test methods. A rich set of data and techniques have resulted from the development and field testing of the communication network during field expeditions such as the Haughton Mars Project and NASA Mobile Agents Project.

  13. Information, entropy and fidelity in visual communication

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huck, Friedrich O.; Fales, Carl L.; Alter-Gartenberg, Rachel; Rahman, Zia-Ur

    1992-01-01

    This paper presents an assessment of visual communication that integrates the critical limiting factors of image gathering and display with the digital processing that is used to code and restore images. The approach focuses on two mathematical criteria, information and fidelity, and on their relationships to the entropy of the encoded data and to the visual quality of the restored image.

  14. School Leadership and Information Communication Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Samah, Bahaman Abu; Fooi, Foo Say

    2008-01-01

    Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration.…

  15. Information Communication Technology Planning in Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malapile, Sandy; Keengwe, Jared

    2014-01-01

    This article explores major issues related to Information Communication Technology (ICT) in education and technology planning. Using the diffusion of innovation theory, the authors examine technology planning opportunities and challenges in Developing countries (DCs), technology planning trends in schools, and existing technology planning models…

  16. Technology Developments Integrating a Space Network Communications Testbed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kwong, Winston; Jennings, Esther; Clare, Loren; Leang, Dee

    2006-01-01

    As future manned and robotic space explorations missions involve more complex systems, it is essential to verify, validate, and optimize such systems through simulation and emulation in a low cost testbed environment. The goal of such a testbed is to perform detailed testing of advanced space and ground communications networks, technologies, and client applications that are essential for future space exploration missions. We describe the development of new technologies enhancing our Multi-mission Advanced Communications Hybrid Environment for Test and Evaluation (MACHETE) that enable its integration in a distributed space communications testbed. MACHETE combines orbital modeling, link analysis, and protocol and service modeling to quantify system performance based on comprehensive considerations of different aspects of space missions. It can simulate entire networks and can interface with external (testbed) systems. The key technology developments enabling the integration of MACHETE into a distributed testbed are the Monitor and Control module and the QualNet IP Network Emulator module. Specifically, the Monitor and Control module establishes a standard interface mechanism to centralize the management of each testbed component. The QualNet IP Network Emulator module allows externally generated network traffic to be passed through MACHETE to experience simulated network behaviors such as propagation delay, data loss, orbital effects and other communications characteristics, including entire network behaviors. We report a successful integration of MACHETE with a space communication testbed modeling a lunar exploration scenario. This document is the viewgraph slides of the presentation.

  17. Network analysis of team communication in a busy emergency department

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The Emergency Department (ED) is consistently described as a high-risk environment for patients and clinicians that demands colleagues quickly work together as a cohesive group. Communication between nurses, physicians, and other ED clinicians is complex and difficult to track. A clear understanding of communications in the ED is lacking, which has a potentially negative impact on the design and effectiveness of interventions to improve communications. We sought to use Social Network Analysis (SNA) to characterize communication between clinicians in the ED. Methods Over three-months, we surveyed to solicit the communication relationships between clinicians at one urban academic ED across all shifts. We abstracted survey responses into matrices, calculated three standard SNA measures (network density, network centralization, and in-degree centrality), and presented findings stratified by night/day shift and over time. Results We received surveys from 82% of eligible participants and identified wide variation in the magnitude of communication cohesion (density) and concentration of communication between clinicians (centralization) by day/night shift and over time. We also identified variation in in-degree centrality (a measure of power/influence) by day/night shift and over time. Conclusions We show that SNA measurement techniques provide a comprehensive view of ED communication patterns. Our use of SNA revealed that frequency of communication as a measure of interdependencies between ED clinicians varies by day/night shift and over time. PMID:23521890

  18. Information Recovery In Behavioral Networks

    E-print Network

    Squartini, Tiziano; Garlaschelli, Diego; Judge, George

    2015-01-01

    In the context of agent based modeling and network theory, we focus on the problem of recovering micro behavior-related choice information from aggregate origin-destination data. As a basis for predicting agents' choices we emphasize the connection between adaptive intelligent behavior, causal entropy maximization and self-organized, equilibrium-seeking behavior in a dynamic system. We cast this problem in the form of a binary network and suggest information theoretic, entropy-driven methods to recover estimates of the unknown parameters connecting the behavioral data. Our objective is to recover the unknown behavioral binary parameters analytically, without explicitly sampling the configuration space. In order to do so, we enlarge the set of estimators commonly employed to make optimal use of the available information. More specifically, we consider the Cressie-Read family of entropic functionals and focus on three cases of particular interest. We then apply this information theoretic method to the analysis ...

  19. An information management and communications system for emergency operations

    SciTech Connect

    Gladden, C.A.; Doyle, J.F.

    1995-09-01

    In the mid 1980s the US Department of Energy (DOE) recognized the need to dramatically expand its Emergency Operations Centers to deal with the large variety of emergencies for which DOE has an obligation to manage, or provide technical support. This paper describes information management, display, and communications systems that have been implemented at the DOE Headquarters Forestall Operations Center (OC), DOE Operations Offices, and critical laboratory locations. Major elements of the system at the DOE Headquarters facility include computer control, information storage and retrieval, processing, Local Area Networks (LANs), videoconferencing, video display, and audio systems. These Headquarters systems are linked by Wide Area Networks (WANs) to similar systems at the Operations Office and critical Laboratory locations.

  20. Toward a Communications Satellite Network for Humanitarian Relief

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burleigh, Scott C.; Birrane, Edward J.

    2011-01-01

    Since the introduction in 2008 of the "Ring Road" concept, proposing a communications satellite network designed to support disadvantaged populations, there have been a number of advances in the underlying technologies, CubeSat picosatellites and Delay-Tolerant Networking. We review the original Ring Road proposal, discuss relevant recent technological progress, and offer some tentative notes on projected cost and performance.

  1. Applications of Markov Decision Processes in Communication Networks: a Survey

    E-print Network

    Applications of Markov Decision Processes in Communication Networks: a Survey Eitan Altman Abstract We present in this Chapter a survey on applications of MDPs to com- munication networks. We survey the stochastic control framework. Their decisions include the choice of routes (for example, if a direct route

  2. Applications of Markov Decision Processes in Communication Networks: a Survey

    E-print Network

    Applications of Markov Decision Processes in Communication Networks: a Survey Eitan Altman # Abstract We present in this Chapter a survey on applications of MDPs to com­ munication networks. We survey the stochastic control framework. Their decisions include the choice of routes (for example, if a direct route

  3. Network Cooperation for Energy Saving in Green Radio Communications

    E-print Network

    Zhuang, Weihua

    1 Network Cooperation for Energy Saving in Green Radio Communications Muhammad Ismail and Weihua is investigated as a means of energy saving. Networks with overlapped coverage can cooperate to reduce in the traffic load and maximizes the amount of energy saving under service quality constraints, in a cooperative

  4. Communications network design and costing model programmers manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Logan, K. P.; Somes, S. S.; Clark, C. A.

    1983-01-01

    Otpimization algorithms and techniques used in the communications network design and costing model for least cost route and least cost network problems are examined from the programmer's point of view. All system program modules, the data structures within the model, and the files which make up the data base are described.

  5. Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jan., 2005 JACIC Status and Acknowledgements

    E-print Network

    and engineering of aerospace computing, information, and communication. Original archival research papers, communication systems, networking, software engineering, software reliability, systems engineering, signal, and Communication, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jan., 2005 represent the five "pillars" of aerospace engineering, as I said last

  6. Networked Information: Issues for Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Mary Sieminski

    1991-01-01

    Summarizes issues raised at the 1991 spring conference of the Association of College and Research Libraries/New England Chapter (ACRL/NEC) concerning computer networks and libraries. Highlights include national information policy; library resources and services; developments at the National Agricultural Library (NAL); ILLINET; resource sharing in…

  7. Information and Communication Using Lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alouini, Mehdi; Bretenaker, Fabien

    2015-10-01

    The applications of lasers in industry are numerous. It is of course beyond the scope of this book to give an overview of these applications. Rather than trying and failing in doing so, we have chosen in this chapter to illustrate the unique properties of lasers in four different fields. The two first applications described in this chapter, namely optical telecommunications (Section 3.1) and optical information storage (Section 3.2), highlight the contribution of the spatial coherence of the laser. The third one, namely the ring laser gyroscope (Section 3.3), illustrates the amazing spectral purity that can be provided by laser light. Finally, the fourth one, known under the generic acronym LIDAR (Section 3.4), can use different laser properties, depending on its implementation. It can be based on the laser spatial coherence, the laser temporal coherence, and/or on the laser ability to emit powerful short pulses.

  8. Family Health History Communication Networks of Older Adults: Importance of Social Relationships and Disease Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashida, Sato; Kaphingst, Kimberly A.; Goodman, Melody; Schafer, Ellen J.

    2013-01-01

    Older individuals play a critical role in disseminating family health history (FHH) information that can facilitate disease prevention among younger family members. This study evaluated the characteristics of older adults and their familial networks associated with two types of communication ("have shared" and "intend to share…

  9. Social Media and Networking Technologies: An Analysis of Collaborative Work and Team Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okoro, Ephraim A.; Hausman, Angela; Washington, Melvin C.

    2012-01-01

    Digital communication increases students' learning outcomes in higher education. Web 2.0 technologies encourages students' active engagement, collaboration, and participation in class activities, facilitates group work, and encourages information sharing among students. Familiarity with organizational use and sharing in social networks aids…

  10. Exploring the Potential of Social Network Sites in Relation to Intercultural Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lang, Anouk

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on the results of a project which used a social network site to support students on a year abroad and foster informal learning, particularly in the area of intercultural communication. The project employed a peer-mentoring structure to solve the problem of role conflict, in which users of these sites may feel some tension as…

  11. Novel technology for enhanced security and trust in communication networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milovanov, Alexander; Bukshpun, Leonid; Pradhan, Ranjit; Jannson, Tomasz

    2011-06-01

    A novel technology that significantly enhances security and trust in wireless and wired communication networks has been developed. It is based on integration of a novel encryption mechanism and novel data packet structure with enhanced security tools. This novel data packet structure results in an unprecedented level of security and trust, while at the same time reducing power consumption and computing/communication overhead in networks. As a result, networks are provided with protection against intrusion, exploitation, and cyber attacks and posses self-building, self-awareness, self-configuring, self-healing, and self-protecting intelligence.

  12. Organizing medical networked information (OMNI).

    PubMed

    Norman, F

    1998-01-01

    The Internet has become a major source of biomedical information over the last 5 years. Several projects have recently been established to help users find respectable information sources quickly. OMNI (Organizing Medical Networked Information) is one such filtering and indexing project. OMNI has focused on the quality of information and the application to Internet resources of standard tools for organizing information such as the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings and the Dublin Core metadata format. Now two years old, the OMNI project fulfils a valuable role for the UK biomedical community, through its gateway service (http:@omni.ac.uk), its printed resource guides and its training workshop programme. OMNI is also a focus for biomedical metadata activities in the UK. The gateway continues to grow in size and further work on information quality issues and integration is planned. PMID:9618682

  13. Modeling and Optimizing Space Networks for Improved Communication Capacity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spangelo, Sara C.

    There are a growing number of individual and constellation small satellite missions seeking to download large quantities of science, observation, and surveillance data. The existing ground station infrastructure to support these missions constrains the potential data throughput because the stations are low-cost, are not always available because they are independently owned and operated, and their ability to collect data is often inefficient. The constraints of the small satellite form factor (e.g. mass, size, power) coupled with the ground network limitations lead to significant operational and communication scheduling challenges. Faced with these challenges, our goal is to maximize capacity, defined as the amount of data that is successfully downloaded from space to ground communication nodes. In this thesis, we develop models, tools, and optimization algorithms for spacecraft and ground network operations. First, we develop an analytical modeling framework and a high-fidelity simulation environment that capture the interaction of on-board satellite energy and data dynamics, ground stations, and the external space environment. Second, we perform capacity-based assessments to identify excess and deficient resources for comparison to mission-specific requirements. Third, we formulate and solve communication scheduling problems that maximize communication capacity for a satellite downloading to a network of globally and functionally heterogeneous ground stations. Numeric examples demonstrate the applicability of the models and tools to assess and optimize real-world existing and upcoming small satellite mission scenarios that communicate to global ground station networks as well as generic communication scheduling problem instances. We study properties of optimal satellite communication schedules and sensitivity of communication capacity to various deterministic and stochastic satellite vehicle and network parameters. The models, tools, and optimization techniques we develop lay the ground work for our larger goals: optimal satellite vehicle design and autonomous real-time operational scheduling of heterogeneous satellite missions and ground station networks.

  14. Information Security and Privacy in Network Environments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

    The use of information networks for business and government is expanding enormously. Government use of networks features prominently in plans to make government more efficient, effective, and responsive. But the transformation brought about by the networking also raises new concerns for the security and privacy of networked information. This…

  15. Novel Quantum Virtual Private Network Scheme for PON via Quantum Secure Direct Communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gong, Li-Hua; Liu, Ye; Zhou, Nan-Run

    2013-09-01

    Two quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) protocols with quantum identification (QI) based on passive optical network (PON) architecture are proposed. One QSDC protocol can be implemented between two different optical network units just with simple configurations of PON by optical line terminal when they are in the same virtual private network after optical line terminal performing QI to the optical network units in the given PON architecture. The other QSDC protocol is also implemented between any two legitimated users in the virtual private network but with considerable reduction of workload of the optical line terminal. The security analysis shows that the proposed QSDC schemes with quantum identification are unconditionally secure and allow the legitimate users to exchange their secret information efficiently and to realize a quantum virtual private network in the PON networks ultimately.

  16. Software design of optical link for indoor wireless optical communication network used LEDs as source visible light communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liner, Andrej; Papes, Martin; Jaros, Jakub; Koudelka, Petr; Latal, Jan; Vitasek, Jan; Hajek, Lukas; Vasinek, Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, the conventional light sources are replaced progressively evolving LED (Light Emitting Diode) for their deficient properties. This technology recorded dynamic growth mainly due to effective research in increasing power density and choice the color shade on good color rendering CRI (Color Rendering Index). This extending the zone of used LEDs. Development of lighting technology by means of white power LEDs provided impulse to the idea of the development of optical wireless data networks based on optical radiation in the visible region of the spectrum VLC (Visible Light Communications). In the last years being recorded a turnover of research from transmission of information via optical fiber to the transmission of information through wireless networks. At the same time the concept of information transmission by indirect sight between transmitter and receiver NLOS (Non Line of Sight) is changing. Line of research focuses mainly on the direct line of sight LOS (Line of Sight). This is due to the development of the semiconductor lighting through the white power LED. This is connected with the idea of using them as a transmitter for communication purposes. This article deals with software design of optical link for indoor wireless optical network in LightTools software. Optimal optical source was designed for communication using LED as the first. For the proposed type of LEDs sources were used different shapes and distances distribution between LEDs in a single cell at the designed optical transmitter.

  17. Enhanced Communication Network Solution for Positive Train Control Implementation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fatehi, M. T.; Simon, J.; Chang, W.; Chow, E. T.; Burleigh, S. C.

    2011-01-01

    The commuter and freight railroad industry is required to implement Positive Train Control (PTC) by 2015 (2012 for Metrolink), a challenging network communications problem. This paper will discuss present technologies developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to overcome comparable communication challenges encountered in deep space mission operations. PTC will be based on a new cellular wireless packet Internet Protocol (IP) network. However, ensuring reliability in such a network is difficult due to the "dead zones" and transient disruptions we commonly experience when we lose calls in commercial cellular networks. These disruptions make it difficult to meet PTC s stringent reliability (99.999%) and safety requirements, deployment deadlines, and budget. This paper proposes innovative solutions based on space-proven technologies that would help meet these challenges: (1) Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) technology, designed for use in resource-constrained, embedded systems and currently in use on the International Space Station, enables reliable communication over networks in which timely data acknowledgments might not be possible due to transient link outages. (2) Policy-Based Management (PBM) provides dynamic management capabilities, allowing vital data to be exchanged selectively (with priority) by utilizing alternative communication resources. The resulting network may help railroads implement PTC faster, cheaper, and more reliably.

  18. Resting-brain functional connectivity predicted by analytic measures of network communication

    PubMed Central

    Gońi, Joaquín; van den Heuvel, Martijn P.; Avena-Koenigsberger, Andrea; Velez de Mendizabal, Nieves; Betzel, Richard F.; Griffa, Alessandra; Hagmann, Patric; Corominas-Murtra, Bernat; Thiran, Jean-Philippe; Sporns, Olaf

    2014-01-01

    The complex relationship between structural and functional connectivity, as measured by noninvasive imaging of the human brain, poses many unresolved challenges and open questions. Here, we apply analytic measures of network communication to the structural connectivity of the human brain and explore the capacity of these measures to predict resting-state functional connectivity across three independently acquired datasets. We focus on the layout of shortest paths across the network and on two communication measures—search information and path transitivity—which account for how these paths are embedded in the rest of the network. Search information is an existing measure of information needed to access or trace shortest paths; we introduce path transitivity to measure the density of local detours along the shortest path. We find that both search information and path transitivity predict the strength of functional connectivity among both connected and unconnected node pairs. They do so at levels that match or significantly exceed path length measures, Euclidean distance, as well as computational models of neural dynamics. This capacity suggests that dynamic couplings due to interactions among neural elements in brain networks are substantially influenced by the broader network context adjacent to the shortest communication pathways. PMID:24379387

  19. Health care network communications infrastructure: an engineering design for the Military Health Service System.

    PubMed

    Hoffman, P; Kline, E; George, L; Price, K; Clark, M; Walasin, R

    1995-01-01

    The Military Health Service System (MHSS) provides health care for the Department of Defense (DOD). This system operates on an annual budget of $15 Billion, supports 127 medical treatment facilities (MTFs) and 500 clinics, and provides support to 8.7 million beneficiaries worldwide. To support these facilities and their patients, the MHSS uses more than 125 different networked automated medical systems. These systems rely on a heterogeneous telecommunications infrastructure for data communications. With the support of the Defense Medical Information Management (DMIM) Program Office, our goal was to identify the network requirements for DMIM migration and target systems and design a communications infrastructure to support all systems with an integrated network. This work used tools from Business Process Reengineering (BPR) and applied it to communications infrastructure design for the first time. The methodology and results are applicable to any health care enterprise, military or civilian. PMID:8563346

  20. The deep space network, volume 18. [Deep Space Instrumentation Facility, Ground Communication Facility, and Network Control System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The objectives, functions, and organization of the Deep Space Network are summarized. The Deep Space Instrumentation Facility, the Ground Communications Facility, and the Network Control System are described.

  1. 1-4244-0429-0/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE A User-Centric Network Communication Broker for

    E-print Network

    Sadjadi, S. Masoud

    1-4244-0429-0/06/$20.00 ©2006 IEEE A User-Centric Network Communication Broker for Multimedia and Information Sciences Florida International University {czhang, sadjadi, wsun001, raju, deng communication broker (NCB) that provides a unified higher- level abstraction that encapsulates the complexity

  2. Information needs for risk management/communication

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, D.A.

    1990-12-31

    The hazardous waste cleanup program under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund) is delegated to the ten Regions of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and has, to date, identified more than 33,000 sites for consideration. The size and complexity of the program places great demands on those who would provide information to achieve national consistency in application of risk assessment while meeting site-specific needs for risk management and risk communication.

  3. Computing, information, and communications: Technologies for the 21. Century

    SciTech Connect

    1998-11-01

    To meet the challenges of a radically new and technologically demanding century, the Federal Computing, Information, and Communications (CIC) programs are investing in long-term research and development (R and D) to advance computing, information, and communications in the United States. CIC R and D programs help Federal departments and agencies to fulfill their evolving missions, assure the long-term national security, better understand and manage the physical environment, improve health care, help improve the teaching of children, provide tools for lifelong training and distance learning to the workforce, and sustain critical US economic competitiveness. One of the nine committees of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), the Committee on Computing, Information, and Communications (CCIC)--through its CIC R and D Subcommittee--coordinates R and D programs conducted by twelve Federal departments and agencies in cooperation with US academia and industry. These R and D programs are organized into five Program Component Areas: (1) HECC--High End Computing and Computation; (2) LSN--Large Scale Networking, including the Next Generation Internet Initiative; (3) HCS--High Confidence Systems; (4) HuCS--Human Centered Systems; and (5) ETHR--Education, Training, and Human Resources. A brief synopsis of FY 1997 accomplishments and FY 1998 goals by PCA is presented. This report, which supplements the President`s Fiscal Year 1998 Budget, describes the interagency CIC programs.

  4. Data communications service by VSAT network in the Philippines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duque, Roberto L.

    Satellite communications is of particular importance to an archipelago like the Philippines. With over 7,100 islands, rugged forests, and mountainous terrain, satellite communications technology offers the opportunity to leapfrog over the existing difficulties associated with terrestrial-based microwave networks. If harnessed correctly, it has the potential to significantly contribute to the provisions of a wide array of services ranging from voice to facsimile and data to video. The continuous evolution of satellite and earth station technology, since its inception more than 30 years ago, has placed within reach technologies which are reliable as well as easily deployed, used, and maintained. The Philippine government's recognition of the vital role of wireless communications was never more evident than during and after the series of natural calamities that hit the country and disrupted existing microwave infrastructure. Aside from obvious technological advantages over conventional communications technologies, satellite communications provides cost-effective solutions and fortifies the country's unstable communications infrastructure.

  5. The Integration of the Information and Communication Functions, and the Marketing of the Resulting Products.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Susan C.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses the theoretical basis for integration of information functions and communication functions, the relevance of this integration in the scientific information cycle, and its positive effect on commodity research networks. The application of this theory is described using three commodity programs of the Centro Internacional de Agricultura…

  6. 76 FR 32360 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-06

    ...Miscellaneous Wireless Communications Services in the 2...filed by Wireless Communications Service (WCS) licensees...and Deep Space Network (DSN) operations...spectrum bands. Federal Communications Commission....

  7. NASCOM network ground communications availability report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    A performance analysis of NASCOM Network circuits is presented. An objective of 99.80 percent availability has been established for all network circuits and an acceptable level of 99.50. A network narrative summary for the current month includes changes in network configurations, current month's totals for modes of service and trouble category losses, a discussion of trends, and significant losses that affected the performance indexes of individual or groups of circuits. A table and narrative summary of those circuits that failed to meet the objective of 99.80% availability for all network circuits and an acceptable level of 99.50. Lost time and interruption tables showing all circuits affected by outages, by trouble category, with their total time and events, scheduled operating hours, and individual availability indexes also are included. Selected circuits whose availabilities have or continue to affect the overall network availability are also analyzed.

  8. Deep Space Network information system architecture study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Beswick, C. A.; Markley, R. W. (editor); Atkinson, D. J.; Cooper, L. P.; Tausworthe, R. C.; Masline, R. C.; Jenkins, J. S.; Crowe, R. A.; Thomas, J. L.; Stoloff, M. J.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe an architecture for the Deep Space Network (DSN) information system in the years 2000-2010 and to provide guidelines for its evolution during the 1990s. The study scope is defined to be from the front-end areas at the antennas to the end users (spacecraft teams, principal investigators, archival storage systems, and non-NASA partners). The architectural vision provides guidance for major DSN implementation efforts during the next decade. A strong motivation for the study is an expected dramatic improvement in information-systems technologies, such as the following: computer processing, automation technology (including knowledge-based systems), networking and data transport, software and hardware engineering, and human-interface technology. The proposed Ground Information System has the following major features: unified architecture from the front-end area to the end user; open-systems standards to achieve interoperability; DSN production of level 0 data; delivery of level 0 data from the Deep Space Communications Complex, if desired; dedicated telemetry processors for each receiver; security against unauthorized access and errors; and highly automated monitor and control.

  9. Information and communication technologies for promoting and sustaining quality of life, health and self-sufficiency in ageing societies--outcomes of the Lower Saxony Research Network Design of Environments for Ageing (GAL).

    PubMed

    Haux, Reinhold; Hein, Andreas; Kolb, Gerald; Künemund, Harald; Eichelberg, Marco; Appell, Jens-E; Appelrath, H-Jürgen; Bartsch, Christian; Bauer, Jürgen M; Becker, Marcus; Bente, Petra; Bitzer, Jörg; Boll, Susanne; Büsching, Felix; Dasenbrock, Lena; Deparade, Riana; Depner, Dominic; Elbers, Katharina; Fachinger, Uwe; Felber, Juliane; Feldwieser, Florian; Forberg, Anne; Gietzelt, Matthias; Goetze, Stefan; Gövercin, Mehmet; Helmer, Axel; Herzke, Tobias; Hesselmann, Tobias; Heuten, Wilko; Huber, Rainer; Hülsken-Giesler, Manfred; Jacobs, Gerold; Kalbe, Elke; Kerling, Arno; Klingeberg, Timo; Költzsch, Yvonne; Lammel-Polchau, Christopher; Ludwig, Wolfram; Marschollek, Michael; Martens, Birger; Meis, Markus; Meyer, Eike Michael; Meyer, Jochen; Meyer Zu Schwabedissen, Hubertus; Moritz, Niko; Müller, Heiko; Nebel, Wolfgang; Neyer, Franz J; Okken, Petra-Karin; Rahe, Julia; Remmers, Hartmut; Rölker-Denker, Lars; Schilling, Meinhard; Schöpke, Birte; Schröder, Jens; Schulze, Gisela C; Schulze, Mareike; Siltmann, Sina; Song, Bianying; Spehr, Jens; Steen, Enno-Edzard; Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth; Tanschus, Nele-Marie; Tegtbur, Uwe; Thiel, Andreas; Thoben, Wilfried; van Hengel, Peter; Wabnik, Stefan; Wegel, Sandra; Wilken, Olaf; Winkelbach, Simon; Wist, Thorben; Wolf, Klaus-Hendrik; Wolf, Lars; Zokoll-van der Laan, Melanie

    2014-01-01

    Many societies across the world are confronted with demographic changes, usually related to increased life expectancy and, often, relatively low birth rates. Information and communication technologies (ICT) may contribute to adequately support senior citizens in aging societies with respect to quality of life and quality and efficiency of health care processes. For investigating and for providing answers on whether new information and communication technologies can contribute to keeping, or even improving quality of life, health and self-sufficiency in ageing societies through new ways of living and new forms of care, the Lower Saxony Research Network Design of Environments for Ageing (GAL) had been established as a five years research project, running from 2008 to 2013. Ambient-assisted living (AAL) technologies in personal and home environments were especially important. In this article we report on the GAL project, and present some of its major outcomes after five years of research. We report on major challenges and lessons learned in running and organizing such a large, inter- and multidisciplinary project and discuss GAL in the context of related research projects. With respect to research outcomes, we have, for example, learned new knowledge about multimodal and speech-based human-machine-interaction mechanisms for persons with functional restrictions, and identified new methods and developed new algorithms for identifying activities of daily life and detecting acute events, particularly falls. A total of 79 apartments of senior citizens had been equipped with specific "GAL technology", providing new insights into the use of sensor data for smart homes. Major challenges we had to face were to deal constructively with GAL's highly inter- and multidisciplinary aspects, with respect to research into GAL's application scenarios, shifting from theory and lab experimentation to field tests, and the complexity of organizing and, in our view, successfully managing such a large project. Overall it can be stated that, from our point of view, the GAL research network has been run successfully and has achieved its major research objectives. Since we now know much more on how and where to use AAL technologies for new environments of living and new forms of care, a future focus for research can now be outlined for systematically planned studies, scientifically exploring the benefits of AAL technologies for senior citizens, in particular with respect to quality of life and the quality and efficiency of health care. PMID:25148556

  10. Network Nation: Human Communication via Computer

    E-print Network

    Kiesler, Sara

    defined key problem areas in computer-mediated communication and Internet research that remain today #12;3 how to manage distributed work teams, what to do about free riders in online groups, addiction

  11. SECURITY AND COMMUNICATION NETWORKS Security Comm. Networks. (2010)

    E-print Network

    Aloul, Fadi

    2010-01-01

    and wireless networks are being attacked and hacked on continuous basis. One of the critical pieces the functionality of port scanning detection. Experiments are carried out in both wired and wireless networks

  12. Power, Avionics and Software Communication Network Architecture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ivancic, William D.; Sands, Obed S.; Bakula, Casey J.; Oldham, Daniel R.; Wright, Ted; Bradish, Martin A.; Klebau, Joseph M.

    2014-01-01

    This document describes the communication architecture for the Power, Avionics and Software (PAS) 2.0 subsystem for the Advanced Extravehicular Mobile Unit (AEMU). The following systems are described in detail: Caution Warn- ing and Control System, Informatics, Storage, Video, Audio, Communication, and Monitoring Test and Validation. This document also provides some background as well as the purpose and goals of the PAS project at Glenn Research Center (GRC).

  13. Design and Analysis of Communication Protocols for Quantum Repeater Networks

    E-print Network

    Cody Jones; Danny Kim; Matthew T. Rakher; Paul G. Kwiat; Thaddeus D. Ladd

    2015-05-06

    We analyze how the performance of a quantum-repeater network depends on the protocol employed to distribute entanglement, and we find that the choice of repeater-to-repeater link protocol has a profound impact on communication rate as a function of hardware parameters. We develop numerical simulations of quantum networks using different protocols, where the repeater hardware is modeled in terms of key performance parameters, such as photon generation rate and collection efficiency. These parameters are motivated by recent experimental demonstrations in quantum dots, trapped ions, and nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. We find that a quantum-dot repeater with the newest protocol ("MidpointSource") delivers the highest communication rate when there is low probability of establishing entanglement per transmission, and in some cases the rate is orders of magnitude higher than other schemes. Our simulation tools can be used to evaluate communication protocols as part of designing a large-scale quantum network.

  14. Networked Operations of Hybrid Radio Optical Communications Satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hylton, Alan; Raible, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    In order to address the increasing communications needs of modern equipment in space, and to address the increasing number of objects in space, NASA is demonstrating the potential capability of optical communications for both deep space and near-Earth applications. The Integrated Radio Optical Communications (iROC) is a hybrid communications system that capitalizes on the best of both the optical and RF domains while using each technology to compensate for the other's shortcomings. Specifically, the data rates of the optical links can be higher than their RF counterparts, whereas the RF links have greater link availability. The focus of this paper is twofold: to consider the operations of one or more iROC nodes from a networking point of view, and to suggest specific areas of research to further the field. We consider the utility of Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) and the Virtual Mission Operation Center (VMOC) model.

  15. Communication synthesis for on chip networks 

    E-print Network

    Swaminathan, Narayanan

    2002-01-01

    , we have analyzed the issues involved in synthesizing these networks and proposed a methodology that will help to arrive at an optimal Network on Chip (NoC) design. Some of the important issues that we consider for synthesis are the quality of service...

  16. Space-based Networking Technology Developments in the Interplanetary Network Directorate Information Technology Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clare, Loren; Clement, B.; Gao, J.; Hutcherson, J.; Jennings, E.

    2006-01-01

    Described recent development of communications protocols, services, and associated tools targeted to reduce risk, reduce cost and increase efficiency of IND infrastructure and supported mission operations. Space-based networking technologies developed were: a) Provide differentiated quality of service (QoS) that will give precedence to traffic that users have selected as having the greatest importance and/or time-criticality; b) Improve the total value of information to users through the use of QoS prioritization techniques; c) Increase operational flexibility and improve command-response turnaround; d) Enable new class of networked and collaborative science missions; e) Simplify applications interfaces to communications services; and f) Reduce risk and cost from a common object model and automated scheduling and communications protocols. Technologies are described in three general areas: communications scheduling, middleware, and protocols. Additionally developed simulation environment, which provides comprehensive, quantitative understanding of the technologies performance within overall, evolving architecture, as well as ability to refine & optimize specific components.

  17. Intrinsically secure communication in large-scale wireless networks

    E-print Network

    Pinto, Pedro C. (Pedro Correia)

    2010-01-01

    The ability to exchange secret information is critical to many commercial, governmental, and military networks. Information-theoretic security - widely accepted as the strictest notion of security - relies on channel coding ...

  18. Isochronal synchronization in networks and chaos-based TDMA communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grzybowski, J. M. V.; Macau, E. E. N.; Yoneyama, T.

    2014-06-01

    Pairs of delay-coupled chaotic systems were shown to be able to achieve isochronal synchronization under bidirectional coupling and self-feedback. Such identical-in-time behavior was demonstrated to be stable under a set of conditions and to support simultaneous bidirectional communication between pairs of chaotic oscillators coupled with time-delay. More recently, it was shown that isochronal synchronization can emerge in networks with several hundreds of oscillators, which allows its exploitation for communication in distributed systems. In this paper, we introduce a conceptual framework for the application of isochronal synchronization to TDMA communication in networks of delay-coupled chaotic oscillators. On the basis of the stable and identical-in-time behavior of delay-coupled chaotic systems, the chaotic dynamics of distributed oscillators is used to support and sustain coordinate communication among nodes over the network. On the basis of the unique features of chaotic systems in isochronal synchronization, the chaotic signals are used to timestamp clock readings at the physical layer such that logical clock synchronization among the nodes (a prerequisite for TDMA) can be exploited using the same basic structure. The result is a standalone network communication scheme that can be advantageously applied in the context of ad-hoc networks or alike, especially short-ranged ones that yield low values of time-delay. As explored to its depths in practical implementations, this conceptual framework is argued to have potential to provide gain in simplicity, security and efficiency in communication schemes for autonomous/standalone network applications.

  19. WaldL.doc 26/09/2002 In: Environmental Communication in the Information Society, W. Pillmann, K. Tochtermann

    E-print Network

    Heinemann, Detlev

    1 WaldL.doc 26/09/2002 In: Environmental Communication in the Information Society, W. Pillmann, K Energy Systems, Germany #12;2 WaldL.doc 26/09/2002 formation. Applications were developed or networked

  20. Analysis of adaptive algorithms for an integrated communication network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reed, Daniel A.; Barr, Matthew; Chong-Kwon, Kim

    1985-01-01

    Techniques were examined that trade communication bandwidth for decreased transmission delays. When the network is lightly used, these schemes attempt to use additional network resources to decrease communication delays. As the network utilization rises, the schemes degrade gracefully, still providing service but with minimal use of the network. Because the schemes use a combination of circuit and packet switching, they should respond to variations in the types and amounts of network traffic. Also, a combination of circuit and packet switching to support the widely varying traffic demands imposed on an integrated network was investigated. The packet switched component is best suited to bursty traffic where some delays in delivery are acceptable. The circuit switched component is reserved for traffic that must meet real time constraints. Selected packet routing algorithms that might be used in an integrated network were simulated. An integrated traffic places widely varying workload demands on a network. Adaptive algorithms were identified, ones that respond to both the transient and evolutionary changes that arise in integrated networks. A new algorithm was developed, hybrid weighted routing, that adapts to workload changes.

  1. Network Communication as a Service-Oriented Capability

    SciTech Connect

    Johnston, William; Johnston, William; Metzger, Joe; Collins, Michael; Burrescia, Joseph; Dart, Eli; Gagliardi, Jim; Guok, Chin; Oberman, Kevin; O'Conner, Mike

    2008-01-08

    In widely distributed systems generally, and in science-oriented Grids in particular, software, CPU time, storage, etc., are treated as"services" -- they can be allocated and used with service guarantees that allows them to be integrated into systems that perform complex tasks. Network communication is currently not a service -- it is provided, in general, as a"best effort" capability with no guarantees and only statistical predictability. In order for Grids (and most types of systems with widely distributed components) to be successful in performing the sustained, complex tasks of large-scale science -- e.g., the multi-disciplinary simulation of next generation climate modeling and management and analysis of the petabytes of data that will come from the next generation of scientific instrument (which is very soon for the LHC at CERN) -- networks must provide communication capability that is service-oriented: That is it must be configurable, schedulable, predictable, and reliable. In order to accomplish this, the research and education network community is undertaking a strategy that involves changes in network architecture to support multiple classes of service; development and deployment of service-oriented communication services, and; monitoring and reporting in a form that is directly useful to the application-oriented system so that it may adapt to communications failures. In this paper we describe ESnet's approach to each of these -- an approach that is part of an international community effort to have intra-distributed system communication be based on a service-oriented capability.

  2. Integration of Auditory and Visual Communication Information in the Primate Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex

    PubMed Central

    Sugihara, Tadashi; Diltz, Mark D.; Averbeck, Bruno B.; Romanski, Lizabeth M.

    2009-01-01

    The integration of auditory and visual stimuli is crucial for recognizing objects, communicating effectively, and navigating through our complex world. Although the frontal lobes are involved in memory, communication, and language, there has been no evidence that the integration of communication information occurs at the single-cell level in the frontal lobes. Here, we show that neurons in the macaque ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC) integrate audiovisual communication stimuli. The multisensory interactions included both enhancement and suppression of a predominantly auditory or a predominantly visual response, although multisensory suppression was the more common mode of response. The multisensory neurons were distributed across the VLPFC and within previously identified unimodal auditory and visual regions (O’Scalaidhe et al., 1997; Romanski and Goldman-Rakic, 2002). Thus, our study demonstrates, for the first time, that single prefrontal neurons integrate communication information from the auditory and visual domains, suggesting that these neurons are an important node in the cortical network responsible for communication. PMID:17065454

  3. A Secure Communication Suite for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Dini, Gianluca; Duca, Angelica Lo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we describe a security suite for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks comprising both fixed and mobile nodes. The security suite is composed of a secure routing protocol and a set of cryptographic primitives aimed at protecting the confidentiality and the integrity of underwater communication while taking into account the unique characteristics and constraints of the acoustic channel. By means of experiments and simulations based on real data, we show that the suite is suitable for an underwater networking environment as it introduces limited, and sometimes negligible, communication and power consumption overhead. PMID:23202204

  4. Visual communication - Information and fidelity. [of images

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huck, Freidrich O.; Fales, Carl L.; Alter-Gartenberg, Rachel; Rahman, Zia-Ur; Reichenbach, Stephen E.

    1993-01-01

    This assessment of visual communication deals with image gathering, coding, and restoration as a whole rather than as separate and independent tasks. The approach focuses on two mathematical criteria, information and fidelity, and on their relationships to the entropy of the encoded data and to the visual quality of the restored image. Past applications of these criteria to the assessment of image coding and restoration have been limited to the link that connects the output of the image-gathering device to the input of the image-display device. By contrast, the approach presented in this paper explicitly includes the critical limiting factors that constrain image gathering and display. This extension leads to an end-to-end assessment theory of visual communication that combines optical design with digital processing.

  5. Progress on the Development of Future Airport Surface Wireless Communications Network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerczewski, Robert J.; Budinger, James M.; Brooks, David E.; Franklin, Morgan; DeHart, Steve; Dimond, Robert P.; Borden, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Continuing advances in airport surface management and improvements in airport surface safety are required to enable future growth in air traffic throughout the airspace, as airport arrival and departure delays create a major system bottleneck. These airport management and safety advances will be built upon improved communications, navigation, surveillance, and weather sensing, creating an information environment supporting system automation. The efficient movement of the digital data generated from these systems requires an underlying communications network infrastructure to connect data sources with the intended users with the required quality of service. Current airport surface communications consists primarily of buried copper or fiber cable. Safety related communications with mobile airport surface assets occurs over 25 kHz VHF voice and data channels. The available VHF spectrum, already congested in many areas, will be insufficient to support future data traffic requirements. Therefore, a broadband wireless airport surface communications network is considered a requirement for the future airport component of the air transportation system. Progress has been made on defining the technology and frequency spectrum for the airport surface wireless communications network. The development of a test and demonstration facility and the definition of required testing and standards development are now underway. This paper will review the progress and planned future work.

  6. Neuro Mechanical Networks and Design Information Entropy

    E-print Network

    Haykin, Simon

    Neuro Mechanical Networks and Design Information Entropy Petter Krus Division of Machine Design the product/system · Information theory was introduced by Shannon in 1947 · Information entropy is a measure Information at source Noise Transmitter Amount of Information content (Information Entropy) The information

  7. A Survey of Heterogeneous Information Network Analysis

    E-print Network

    Shi, Chuan; Zhang, Jiawei; Sun, Yizhou; Yu, Philip S

    2015-01-01

    Most real systems consist of a large number of interacting, multi-typed components, while most contemporary researches model them as homogeneous networks, without distinguishing different types of objects and links in the networks. Recently, more and more researchers begin to consider these interconnected, multi-typed data as heterogeneous information networks, and develop structural analysis approaches by leveraging the rich semantic meaning of structural types of objects and links in the networks. Compared to widely studied homogeneous network, the heterogeneous information network contains richer structure and semantic information, which provides plenty of opportunities as well as a lot of challenges for data mining. In this paper, we provide a survey of heterogeneous information network analysis. We will introduce basic concepts of heterogeneous information network analysis, examine its developments on different data mining tasks, discuss some advanced topics, and point out some future research directions...

  8. Signaling communication events in a computer network

    DOEpatents

    Bender, Carl A. (Highland, NY); DiNicola, Paul D. (Hurley, NY); Gildea, Kevin J. (Bloomington, NY); Govindaraju, Rama K. (Poughkeepsie, NY); Kim, Chulho (Poughkeepsie, NY); Mirza, Jamshed H. (Woodstock, NY); Shah, Gautam H. (Wappingers Falls, NY); Nieplocha, Jaroslaw (Richland, WA)

    2000-01-01

    A method, apparatus and program product for detecting a communication event in a distributed parallel data processing system in which a message is sent from an origin to a target. A low-level application programming interface (LAPI) is provided which has an operation for associating a counter with a communication event to be detected. The LAPI increments the counter upon the occurrence of the communication event. The number in the counter is monitored, and when the number increases, the event is detected. A completion counter in the origin is associated with the completion of a message being sent from the origin to the target. When the message is completed, LAPI increments the completion counter such that monitoring the completion counter detects the completion of the message. The completion counter may be used to insure that a first message has been sent from the origin to the target and completed before a second message is sent.

  9. "I'll See You on IM, Text, or Call You": A Social Network Approach of Adolescents' Use of Communication Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Cleemput, Katrien

    2010-01-01

    This study explores some possibilities of social network analysis for studying adolescents' communication patterns. A full network analysis was conducted on third-grade high school students (15 year olds, 137 students) in Belgium. The results pointed out that face-to-face communication was still the most prominent way for information to flow…

  10. A Joint Design Approach for Communication Schedule and Layout of Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Simha, Rahul

    1 A Joint Design Approach for Communication Schedule and Layout of Wireless Sensor Networks H geometry of a wireless sensor network to extend network lifetime. The communication pattern between sensor network design method using uniform node distribution. Index Terms-- Wireless sensor networks, Scheduling

  11. NASCOM network: Ground communications reliability report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    A reliability performance analysis of the NASCOM Network circuits is reported. Network performance narrative summary is presented to include significant changes in circuit configurations, current figures, and trends in each trouble category with notable circuit totals specified. Lost time and interruption tables listing circuits which were affected by outages showing their totals category are submitted. A special analysis of circuits with low reliabilities is developed with tables depicting the performance and graphs for individual reliabilities.

  12. 78 FR 55096 - Certain Point-to-Point Network Communication Devices and Products Containing Same; Institution of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-09

    ...Certain Point-to-Point Network Communication Devices and Products Containing...certain point-to- point network communication devices and products containing...certain point-to- point network communication devices and products...

  13. 78 FR 48189 - Certain Point-to-Point Network Communication Devices and Products Containing Same; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ...Certain Point-to-Point Network Communication Devices and Products Containing...Certain Point-to-Point Network Communication Devices and Products Containing...certain point-to-point network communication devices and products...

  14. Communications, Navigation, and Network Reconfigurable Test-bed Flight Hardware Compatibility Test S

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2010-01-01

    Communications, Navigation, and Network Reconfigurable Test-bed Flight Hardware Compatibility Test Sets and Networks Integration Management Office Testing for the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System

  15. Securing against fraud in mobile communications : system design and development in 3G mobile networks

    E-print Network

    Mochizuki, Yujiro, 1973-

    2006-01-01

    Network security ensures the consistency, integrity, and reliability of telecommunications systems. Authorized network access prevents fraudulent communications and maintains the availability of the systems. However, limited ...

  16. Role of Communications Satellites in the National and Global Information Infrastructure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    Early in 1995, the Satellite Industry Task Force (SITF) was initiated by executives of the satellite industry to define the role for communication satellites in the National and Global Information Infrastructure (NII/GII). Satellites are essential to this information network because they offer ubiquitous coverage and less time to market. SITF, which was chaired by Dr. Thomas Brackey of the Hughes Space and Communication Division, grew out of a series of workshops held during the summer of 1994 by the communication industry, NASA, and the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA). Experts were convened from 20 companies representing satellite and terrestrial network builders, operators, and users. For 8 months they worked to identify challenges for the satellite industry to play a pivotal role in the National and Global Information Infrastructure. NASA Lewis Research Center personnel helped out with technical and policy matters.

  17. 47 CFR 51.335 - Notice of network changes: Confidential or proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice of network changes: Confidential or proprietary information. 51.335 Section 51.335 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Carriers § 51.335 Notice of network changes: Confidential or proprietary information. (a) If an...

  18. 47 CFR 64.2010 - Safeguards on the disclosure of customer proprietary network information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safeguards on the disclosure of customer proprietary network information. 64.2010 Section 64.2010 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2010 Safeguards on the disclosure of customer proprietary...

  19. 47 CFR 64.2009 - Safeguards required for use of customer proprietary network information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Safeguards required for use of customer proprietary network information. 64.2009 Section 64.2009 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2009 Safeguards required for use of customer proprietary...

  20. 47 CFR 64.2010 - Safeguards on the disclosure of customer proprietary network information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Safeguards on the disclosure of customer proprietary network information. 64.2010 Section 64.2010 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2010 Safeguards on the disclosure of customer proprietary...

  1. 47 CFR 64.2007 - Approval required for use of customer proprietary network information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Approval required for use of customer proprietary network information. 64.2007 Section 64.2007 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2007 Approval required for use of customer proprietary...

  2. 47 CFR 64.2007 - Approval required for use of customer proprietary network information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Approval required for use of customer proprietary network information. 64.2007 Section 64.2007 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Proprietary Network Information § 64.2007 Approval required for use of customer proprietary...

  3. 47 CFR 51.335 - Notice of network changes: Confidential or proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Notice of network changes: Confidential or proprietary information. 51.335 Section 51.335 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Carriers § 51.335 Notice of network changes: Confidential or proprietary information. (a) If an...

  4. 47 CFR 64.2005 - Use of customer proprietary network information without customer approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Use of customer proprietary network information without customer approval. 64.2005 Section 64.2005 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO COMMON CARRIERS Customer Proprietary Network Information §...

  5. 47 CFR 64.5105 - Use of customer proprietary network information without customer approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Use of customer proprietary network information without customer approval. 64.5105 Section 64.5105 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO COMMON CARRIERS TRS Customer Proprietary Network Information. §...

  6. ITS Unified Communications Data Network Wiring

    E-print Network

    Su, Xiao

    /TIA 526-14 - Optical Power Loss Measurements of Installed Multimode Fiber Cable B. IEEE 802.3 - Ethernet Communications Certification, Installer F. FCC Part 15 and Part 68. G. Installation shall be performed. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) 6. National Electrical Code (NEC) 7. National Fire

  7. Chaotic Behavior in Computer Mediated Network Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Herbert; Kurtze, Douglas

    1996-01-01

    Examines the use of chaos theory in modelling time series data generated by computer-mediated communication (CMC). Data generated by CMC discussion groups are examined for the presence of chaotic behavior and to assess the variance which can be accounted for by the deterministic mechanism. (Author/LRW)

  8. Networked UAV Command, Control and Communication

    E-print Network

    Frew, Eric W.

    several intelli- gent vehicles, and has demonstrated a method for real-time path planning, along and allowing the autonomous systems to perform tasking and waypoint planning in real time. The inter-vehicle communications for this project are done through ground nodes, but by moving this functionality to the vehicles

  9. Computer-Communications Networks and Teletraffic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Switzer, I.

    Bi-directional cable TV (CATV) systems that are being installed today may not be well suited for computer communications. Older CATV systems are being modified to bi-directional transmission and most new systems are being built with bi-directional capability included. The extreme bandwidth requirement for carrying 20 or more TV channels on a…

  10. Emerging information technology and the expanding role of technical communicators 

    E-print Network

    McGuire, Richard Charles

    1996-01-01

    Emerging information technology is expanding the role of technical communicators. Functionality present in software tools contributes to a re-definition of what tasks technical communicators currently perform and how they will use object management...

  11. Networked sensors for the future force (NSFF) advanced technology demonstration (ATD) communications systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nemeroff, Jay; DiPierro, Stefano

    2005-05-01

    The U.S. Army"s Future Combat Systems (FCS) and Future Force Warrior (FFW) will rely on the use of unattended, tactical sensors to detect and identify enemy targets in order to avoid enemy fires and enable precise networked fire to survive on the future battlefield with less armor protection. Successful implementation of these critical sensor fields requires the development of a specialized communications network infrastructure needed to disseminate sensor data to provide relevant, timely and accurate situational awareness information to the tactical common operating picture. The sensor network communications must support both static deployed and mobile ground and air robotic sensor arrays with robust, secure, stealthy, and jam resistant links. It is envisioned that tactical sensor networks can be deployed in a two tiered communications architecture that includes a lower sensor sub-layer consisting of acoustic, magnetic, Chemical/Biological and seismic detectors and an upper sub-layer consisting of infrared or visual imaging cameras. The upper sub-layer can be cued by the lower sub-layer and provides a seamless gateway link to higher echelon backbone tactical networks. The NSFF Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD) communications effort focuses on providing Future Force systems such as the FCS and the Future Force Warrior with critical situational awareness data needed for survivability. The communications systems supporting this functionality must be designed such that unattended ground sensor data can flow seamlessly from the lowest unattended tactical sensor echelons into the Army"s tactical backbone networks while also allowing the "fusing" of the data with other intelligence information for correlation within a tactical command and control node. NSFF is realizing this capability by using advanced communications technologies developed under the Soldier Level Integrated Communications Environment (SLICE) Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW) project. These technologies include robust, self-organizing/healing networking protocols, energy management techniques, and stealthy, secure, jam resistant radio equipment for a significantly enhanced communications capability for the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS). CERDEC laboratory and field demonstrations in 2004 will be reviewed to show early SRW development in preparation for the NSFF ATD as well as development of affordable systems for disposable sensor applications

  12. 77 FR 21996 - Certain Equipment for Communications Networks, Including Switches, Routers, Gateways, Bridges...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-12

    ...Investigation No. 337-TA-778] Certain Equipment for Communications Networks, Including Switches, Routers, Gateways, Bridges...States after importation of certain equipment for communications networks, including switches, routers, gateways,...

  13. A new routing method based on ant colony algorithm for LEO satellite communication networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ying; Hu, Xiulin

    2007-11-01

    LEO(Low Earth Orbit) satellite network is more suitable for multimedia communication than GEO(Geosynchronous Earth Orbit) and MEO(Medium Earth Orbit) satellite network because of short propagation delay. Routing computation in communication network with several constraint factors has been proved to be a NP-C problem. Ant colony algorithm as a bionics algorithm has good performances on solving NP-C problem. Existing research about ant colony algorithm mainly concentrates on Ad hoc network, and application in satellite network is not completely developed. According to the characteristics of LEO satellite network, this paper presents a new routing method based on ant colony algorithm with forecast strategy and elitist strategy. Generally each satellite establishes two intra-ISLs with forward and backward neighbors in the same orbit, and two inter-ISLs with left and right neighbors in the adjacent orbits. Thus the topology of satellite network consists of many grids. According to the specific topology, forecast strategy is introduced to reduce redundant information. On the other hand, pheromone is updated continuously to ensure elitist path chosen. Assuming a reference satellite network model is given, the simulation results show that the improved algorithm converges more quickly than basic ant colony algorithm.

  14. Applying Model Based Systems Engineering to NASA's Space Communications Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bhasin, Kul; Barnes, Patrick; Reinert, Jessica; Golden, Bert

    2013-01-01

    System engineering practices for complex systems and networks now require that requirement, architecture, and concept of operations product development teams, simultaneously harmonize their activities to provide timely, useful and cost-effective products. When dealing with complex systems of systems, traditional systems engineering methodology quickly falls short of achieving project objectives. This approach is encumbered by the use of a number of disparate hardware and software tools, spreadsheets and documents to grasp the concept of the network design and operation. In case of NASA's space communication networks, since the networks are geographically distributed, and so are its subject matter experts, the team is challenged to create a common language and tools to produce its products. Using Model Based Systems Engineering methods and tools allows for a unified representation of the system in a model that enables a highly related level of detail. To date, Program System Engineering (PSE) team has been able to model each network from their top-level operational activities and system functions down to the atomic level through relational modeling decomposition. These models allow for a better understanding of the relationships between NASA's stakeholders, internal organizations, and impacts to all related entities due to integration and sustainment of existing systems. Understanding the existing systems is essential to accurate and detailed study of integration options being considered. In this paper, we identify the challenges the PSE team faced in its quest to unify complex legacy space communications networks and their operational processes. We describe the initial approaches undertaken and the evolution toward model based system engineering applied to produce Space Communication and Navigation (SCaN) PSE products. We will demonstrate the practice of Model Based System Engineering applied to integrating space communication networks and the summary of its results and impact. We will highlight the insights gained by applying the Model Based System Engineering and provide recommendations for its applications and improvements.

  15. Optimal multicast communication in wormhole-routed torus networks

    SciTech Connect

    Robinson, D.F.; McKinley, P.K.; Cheng, B.H.C.

    1994-12-31

    This paper presents efficient algorithms that implement one-to-many, or multicast, communication in wormhole-routed torus networks. By exploiting the properties of the switching technology and the use of virtual channels, a minimum-time multicast algorithm is presented for n-dimensional torus networks that use deterministic, dimension-ordered routing of unicast messages. The algorithm can deliver a multicast message to m-1 destinations in [log{sub 2}m] message-passing steps, while avoiding contention among the constituent unicast messages. Performance results of a simulation study on torus networks are also given.

  16. Wavelength Assignment in Optical Networks with Imprecise Network State Information

    E-print Network

    Ramasubramanian, Srinivasan

    Wavelength Assignment in Optical Networks with Imprecise Network State Information Satyajeet Ahuja assignment (RWA) in wavelength-routed all-optical networks is critical for achieving high efficiency over advertisement and the estimated average traffic over the link. The estimated probabilities are then used to find

  17. Relationships between communication models in networks using atomic registers

    E-print Network

    Johnen, Colette

    Relationships between communication models in networks using atomic registers Lisa Higham1 or write is one atomic step. Variants of shared reg- ister models occur in the literature. This paper de#12;ned two models of shared registers determined by selecting the register locations. In the atomic

  18. Swarm Intelligence for Routing in Communication Networks I. Kassabalidis*

    E-print Network

    Arabshahi, Payman

    Swarm Intelligence for Routing in Communication Networks I. Kassabalidis* , M.A. El-Sharkawi* , R.J.Marks II* , P. Arabshahi , A.A. Gray ,_ Abstract ­ Swarm intelligence, as demonstrated by natural analytically understanding and extending the design principles and operations exhibited by intelligent

  19. Statistical Modeling of Social Groups on Communication Networks Mark Goldberg

    E-print Network

    Magdon-Ismail, Malik

    Statistical Modeling of Social Groups on Communication Networks Mark Goldberg Rensselaer for extracting the \\laws" governing how a society behaves by reverse engineering these parameters from the data-518-276-4033 Email: magdon@cs.rpi.edu Key Works: Hidden Markov, reverse engineering, learning, micro

  20. The Clifford Paterson Lecture, 1995 Modelling communication networks,

    E-print Network

    Kelly, Frank

    and communications will transform our economy and society, and in ways we shall find hard to predict. Few who have) Dynamic Alternative Routing 10 (c) Extensions 12 4. Coalitions and global routing 14 (a) Dominant of the mathematical models which have played a role in its understanding. The global telephone network is the largest

  1. The Cli ord Paterson Lecture, 1995 Modelling communication networks,

    E-print Network

    Kelly, Frank

    and communications will transform our economy and society, and in ways we shall nd hard to predict. Few who have seen Alternative Routing 10 (c) Extensions 12 4. Coalitions and global routing 14 (a) Dominant coalitions 15 (b have played a role in its understanding. The global telephone network is the largest single machine yet

  2. A NON-EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS & CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

    E-print Network

    Alpcan, Tansu

    A NON-EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS & CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR COMMUNICATION NETWORKS Tansu Alpcan Paul Wang@control.csl.uiuc.edu Abstract: We present a non-equilibrium analysis and control approach for the Active Queue Management (AQM of the complex dynamic queue behavior to show that non-equilibrium methods are essential for analysis

  3. Indian-Spanish Communication Networks: Continuity in the Greater Southwest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Carroll L.; Manson, Joni L.

    Trade and communication networks established by Indian groups in the 15th century A.D. linked the Southwest to Mesoamerica, the Plains and the Pacific littoral; these routes were later used by the Spanish and Americans, and today major highways follow ancient Indian routes. The main east-west route had major termini at Cibola (near Zuni) in the…

  4. Attacks & Defenses EE 122: Intro to Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    layer (SYN flooding) ­ Application layer (bogus/expensive requests) #12;2 3 Putting It All Together1 1 Attacks & Defenses EE 122: Intro to Communication Networks Prof. Vern Paxson, EECS Dec. 8, 2008 of Today's Lecture · Putting all that crypto goop together: how does https work? · Attacks: compromising

  5. Attacks & Defenses EE 122: Intro to Communication Networks

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    layer (SYN flooding) ­ Application layer (bogus/expensive requests) 3 Putting It All Together - HTTPS1 1 Attacks & Defenses EE 122: Intro to Communication Networks Prof. Vern Paxson, EECS Dec. 8, 2008 of Today's Lecture · Putting all that crypto goop together: how does https work? · Attacks: compromising

  6. MIMO-based Jamming Resilient Communication in Wireless Networks

    E-print Network

    Li, Ming

    MIMO-based Jamming Resilient Communication in Wireless Networks Qiben Yan Huacheng Zeng Tingting Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA Abstract--Reactive jamming is considered the most powerful jamming attack as the attack efficiency is maximized while the risk of being detected is minimized

  7. Generating UAV Communication Networks for Monitoring and Surveillance

    E-print Network

    Doherty, Patrick

    Generating UAV Communication Networks for Monitoring and Surveillance Per-Magnus Olsson, Jonas, especially when smaller UAVs are used. Both problems can be solved to creating relay chains for surveillance different trade-offs between the number of UAVs in the chain and the chain's cost. We also show new results

  8. Chemistry-inspired Programmable Hardware in Communication and Networking Systems

    E-print Network

    Vetter, Thomas

    Chemistry-inspired Programmable Hardware in Communication and Networking Systems Massimo Monti April, 2014 Abstract Chemistry-inspired algorithms represent a novel approach to control dynamics of using Chemistry-inspired algorithms range from the design (i.e., enabling runtime programmability

  9. Role of Communication Networks in Behavioral Systems Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houmanfar, Ramona; Rodrigues, Nischal Joseph; Smith, Gregory S.

    2009-01-01

    This article provides an overview of communication networks and the role of verbal behavior in behavioral systems analysis. Our discussion highlights styles of leadership in the design and implementation of effective organizational contingencies that affect ways by which coordinated work practices are managed. We draw upon literature pertaining to…

  10. Complex Dynamics of Autonomous Communication Networks and the Intelligent Communication Paradigm

    E-print Network

    Andrei P. Kirilyuk

    2006-03-16

    Dynamics of arbitrary communication system is analysed as unreduced interaction process. The applied generalised, universally nonperturbative method of effective potential reveals the phenomenon of dynamic multivaluedness of competing system configurations forced to permanently replace each other in a causally random order, which leads to universally defined dynamical chaos, complexity, fractality, self-organisation, and adaptability (physics/9806002, physics/0211071, physics/0405063). We demonstrate the origin of huge, exponentially high efficiency of the unreduced, complex network dynamics and specify the universal symmetry of complexity (physics/0404006) as the fundamental guiding principle for creation and control of such qualitatively new kind of networks and devices. The emerging intelligent communication paradigm and its practical realisation in the form of knowledge-based networks involve the features of true, unreduced intelligence and consciousness (physics/0409140) appearing in complex (multivalued) network dynamics and results.

  11. NASA Near Earth Network (NEN), Deep Space Network (DSN) and Space Network (SN) Support of CubeSat Communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schaire, Scott H.; Altunc, Serhat; Bussey, George; Shaw, Harry; Horne, Bill; Schier, Jim

    2015-01-01

    There has been a historical trend to increase capability and drive down the Size, Weight and Power (SWAP) of satellites and that trend continues today. Small satellites, including systems conforming to the CubeSat specification, because of their low launch and development costs, are enabling new concepts and capabilities for science investigations across multiple fields of interest to NASA. NASA scientists and engineers across many of NASAs Mission Directorates and Centers are developing exciting CubeSat concepts and welcome potential partnerships for CubeSat endeavors. From a communications and tracking point of view, small satellites including CubeSats are a challenge to coordinate because of existing small spacecraft constraints, such as limited SWAP and attitude control, low power, and the potential for high numbers of operational spacecraft. The NASA Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) Programs Near Earth Network (NEN), Deep Space Network (DSN) and the Space Network (SN) are customer driven organizations that provide comprehensive communications services for space assets including data transport between a missions orbiting satellite and its Mission Operations Center (MOC). The NASA NEN consists of multiple ground antennas. The SN consists of a constellation of geosynchronous (Earth orbiting) relay satellites, named the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS). The DSN currently makes available 13 antennas at its three tracking stations located around the world for interplanetary communication. The presentation will analyze how well these space communication networks are positioned to support the emerging small satellite and CubeSat market. Recognizing the potential support, the presentation will review the basic capabilities of the NEN, DSN and SN in the context of small satellites and will present information about NEN, DSN and SN-compatible flight radios and antenna development activities at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and across industry. The presentation will review concepts on how the SN multiple access capability could help locate CubeSats and provide a low-latency early warning system. The presentation will also present how the DSN is evolving to maximize use of its assets for interplanetary CubeSats. The critical spectrum-related topics of available and appropriate frequency bands, licensing, and coordination will be reviewed. Other key considerations, such as standardization of radio frequency interfaces and flight and ground communications hardware systems, will be addressed as such standardization may reduce the amount of time and cost required to obtain frequency authorization and perform compatibility and end-to-end testing. Examples of standardization that exist today are the NASA NEN, DSN and SN systems which have published users guides and defined frequency bands for high data rate communication, as well as conformance to CCSDS standards. The workshop session will also seek input from the workshop participants to better understand the needs of small satellite systems and to identify key development activities and operational approaches necessary to enhance communication and navigation support using NASA's NEN, DSN and SN.

  12. 75 FR 63473 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ...importance of non-wireline communications in the Nation's communications networks and critical infrastructure...voice and/or paging communications. As envisioned, the...rules has helped improve network reliability. OMB...

  13. Communicability angles reveal critical edges for network consensus dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Estrada, Ernesto; Vargas-Estrada, Eusebio; Ando, Hiroyasu

    2015-11-01

    We consider the question of determining how the topological structure influences a consensus dynamical processes taking place on a network. By considering a large data set of real-world networks we first determine that the removal of edges according to their communicability angle, an angle between position vectors of the nodes in an Euclidean communicability space, increases the average time of consensus by a factor of 5.68 in real-world networks. The edge betweenness centrality also identifies, in a smaller proportion, those critical edges for the consensus dynamics; i.e., its removal increases the time of consensus by a factor of 3.70 . We justify theoretically these findings on the basis of the role played by the algebraic connectivity and the isoperimetric number of networks on the dynamical process studied and their connections with the properties mentioned before. Finally, we study the role played by global topological parameters of networks on the consensus dynamics. We determine that the network density and the average distance-sum, which is analogous of the node degree for shortest-path distances, account for more than 80% of the variance of the average time of consensus in the real-world networks studied.

  14. CAPACITY ALLOCATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

    E-print Network

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    component of wireless network performance analysis with a gradual transition of the realistic `best server.4 CAPACITY ALLOCATION MECHANISMS 15 1.5 CONTRIBUTION AND APPROACHES 21 1.6 OVERVIEW OF THIS MONOGRAPH 24 215 6.4 MODEL 217 6.5 EVALUATION APPROACH 221 6.6 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS 221 6.7 NUMERICAL RESULTS 234 6

  15. Supporting fault-tolerant communication in networks 

    E-print Network

    Kanjani, Khushboo

    2009-05-15

    . The capacity reservation problem can be formulated as the following integer problem : Min (Total Cost = summationdisplay ei?E ciri) (3.1) subject to: ri ? ?i (3.2) ri ? Zi (3.3) where Zi is the set of integers and for every cut C in the network...

  16. Balancing Ties: Boundary Spanning and Influence in the Organization's Extended Network of Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manev, Ivan M.; Stevenson, William B.

    2001-01-01

    Presents a study of the business communication connecting an organization with others in its environment. Links boundary spanning with network theory and proposes the concept of an extended network of communication. Studies the relationship between boundary-spanning communication and individual influence in a network with 108 organizational…

  17. RAP: A Real-Time Communication Architecture for Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Stankovic, John A.

    RAP: A Real-Time Communication Architecture for Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks Chenyang Lu different communication constraints from traditional networked systems. This paper presents RAP, a new real-time communication architecture for large-scale sensor networks. RAP provides convenient, high-level query and event

  18. RAP: A Real-Time Communication Architecture for Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Huang, Wei

    1 RAP: A Real-Time Communication Architecture for Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks Chenyang Lu communication constraints from tradi- tional networked systems. This paper presents RAP, a new real-time communication architecture for large- scale sensor networks. RAP provides convenient, high- level query

  19. Satellite communications for the next generation telecommunication services and networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chitre, D. M.

    1991-01-01

    Satellite communications can play an important role in provisioning the next-generation telecommunication services and networks, provided the protocols specifying these services and networks are satellite-compatible and the satellite subnetworks, consisting of earth stations interconnected by the processor and the switch on board the satellite, interwork effectively with the terrestrial networks. The specific parameters and procedures of frame relay and broadband integrated services digital network (B-ISDN) protocols which are impacted by a satellite delay. Congestion and resource management functions for frame relay and B-ISDN are discussed in detail, describing the division of these functions between earth stations and on board the satellite. Specific onboard and ground functions are identified as potential candidates for their implementation via neural network technology.

  20. The 30/20 GHz communications satellite trunking network study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kolb, W.

    1981-01-01

    Alternative transmission media for a CONUS-wide trunking network in the years 1990 and 2000 are examined. The alternative technologies comprised fiber optic cable, conventional C- and Ku-band satellites, and 30/20 GHz satellites. Three levels of implementation were considered - a 10-city network, a 20-city network, and a 40-city network. The cities selected were the major metropolitan areas with the greatest communications demand. All intercity voice, data, and video traffic carried more than 40 miles was included in the analysis. In the optimized network, traffic transmitted less than 500 miles was found to be better served by fiber optic cable in 1990. By the year 2000, the crossover point would be down to 200 miles, assuming availability of 30/20 GHz satellites.

  1. Test experience on an ultrareliable computer communication network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abbott, L. W.

    1984-01-01

    The dispersed sensor processing mesh (DSPM) is an experimental, ultrareliable, fault-tolerant computer communications network that exhibits an organic-like ability to regenerate itself after suffering damage. The regeneration is accomplished by two routines - grow and repair. This paper discusses the DSPM concept for achieving fault tolerance and provides a brief description of the mechanization of both the experiment and the six-node experimental network. The main topic of this paper is the system performance of the growth algorithm contained in the grow routine. The characteristics imbued to DSPM by the growth algorithm are also discussed. Data from an experimental DSPM network and software simulation of larger DSPM-type networks are used to examine the inherent limitation on growth time by the growth algorithm and the relationship of growth time to network size and topology.

  2. Test experience on an ultrareliable computer communication network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abbott, L. W.

    1984-01-01

    The dispersed sensor processing mesh (DSPM) is an experimental, ultra-reliable, fault-tolerant computer communications network that exhibits an organic-like ability to regenerate itself after suffering damage. The regeneration is accomplished by two routines - grow and repair. This paper discusses the DSPM concept for achieving fault tolerance and provides a brief description of the mechanization of both the experiment and the six-node experimental network. The main topic of this paper is the system performance of the growth algorithm contained in the grow routine. The characteristics imbued to DSPM by the growth algorithm are also discussed. Data from an experimental DSPM network and software simulation of larger DSPM-type networks are used to examine the inherent limitation on growth time by the growth algorithm and the relationship of growth time to network size and topology.

  3. Technology forecasting for space communication. [analysis of systems for application to Spacecraft Data and Tracking Network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    A study was conducted to determine techniques for application to space communication. The subjects considered are as follows: (1) optical communication systems, (2) laser communications for data acquisition networks, (3) spacecraft data rate requirements, (4) telemetry, command, and data handling, (5) spacecraft tracking and data network antenna and preamplifier cost tradeoff study, and (6) spacecraft communication terminal evaluation.

  4. A multi-transmitter multi-receiver model for molecular communication networks

    E-print Network

    New South Wales, University of

    , to the receiver to realise the communication. In order to be able to engineer synthetic molecular communication to engineer synthetic molecular communication networks, we need math- ematical models which can be usedA multi-transmitter multi-receiver model for molecular communication networks Chun Tung Chou School

  5. Enabling information management systems in tactical network environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carvalho, Marco; Uszok, Andrzej; Suri, Niranjan; Bradshaw, Jeffrey M.; Ceccio, Philip J.; Hanna, James P.; Sinclair, Asher

    2009-05-01

    Net-Centric Information Management (IM) and sharing in tactical environments promises to revolutionize forward command and control capabilities by providing ubiquitous shared situational awareness to the warfighter. This vision can be realized by leveraging the tactical and Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) which provide the underlying communications infrastructure, but, significant technical challenges remain. Enabling information management in these highly dynamic environments will require multiple support services and protocols which are affected by, and highly dependent on, the underlying capabilities and dynamics of the tactical network infrastructure. In this paper we investigate, discuss, and evaluate the effects of realistic tactical and mobile communications network environments on mission-critical information management systems. We motivate our discussion by introducing the Advanced Information Management System (AIMS) which is targeted for deployment in tactical sensor systems. We present some operational requirements for AIMS and highlight how critical IM support services such as discovery, transport, federation, and Quality of Service (QoS) management are necessary to meet these requirements. Our goal is to provide a qualitative analysis of the impact of underlying assumptions of availability and performance of some of the critical services supporting tactical information management. We will also propose and describe a number of technologies and capabilities that have been developed to address these challenges, providing alternative approaches for transport, service discovery, and federation services for tactical networks.

  6. Communications performance of an undersea acoustic large-area network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kriewaldt, Hannah A.; Rice, Joseph A.

    2005-04-01

    The U.S. Navy is developing Seaweb acoustic networking capability for integrating undersea systems. Seaweb architectures generally involve a wide-area network of fixed nodes consistent with future distributed autonomous sensors on the seafloor. Mobile nodes including autonomous undersea vehicles (AUVs) and submarines operate in the context of the grid by using the fixed nodes as both navigation reference points and communication access points. In October and November 2004, Theater Anti-Submarine Warfare Exercise (TASWEX04) showcased Seaweb in its first fleet appearance. This paper evaluates the TASWEX04 Seaweb performance in support of networked communications between a submarine and a surface ship. Considerations include physical-layer dependencies on the 9-14 kHz acoustic channel, such as refraction, wind-induced ambient noise, and submarine aspect angle. [Work supported by SSC San Diego.

  7. Operational Concepts for a Generic Space Exploration Communication Network Architecture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ivancic, William D.; Vaden, Karl R.; Jones, Robert E.; Roberts, Anthony M.

    2015-01-01

    This document is one of three. It describes the Operational Concept (OpsCon) for a generic space exploration communication architecture. The purpose of this particular document is to identify communication flows and data types. Two other documents accompany this document, a security policy profile and a communication architecture document. The operational concepts should be read first followed by the security policy profile and then the architecture document. The overall goal is to design a generic space exploration communication network architecture that is affordable, deployable, maintainable, securable, evolvable, reliable, and adaptable. The architecture should also require limited reconfiguration throughout system development and deployment. System deployment includes: subsystem development in a factory setting, system integration in a laboratory setting, launch preparation, launch, and deployment and operation in space.

  8. 78 FR 72889 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-04

    ...Smith, Federal Communications Commission (FCC...to the Telephone Network. Form Number...for protecting the network and to ensure that...causing telephone network harm. Federal Communications Commission....

  9. 76 FR 7847 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ...and to the Federal Communications Commission via e-mail...Wireless Broadband Networks, Order, PS Docket...waiver recipients' network deployments and ensure...safety broadband networks. Federal Communications Commission....

  10. Deep Space Network information system architecture study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Beswick, C. A.; Markley, R. W. (editor); Atkinson, D. J.; Cooper, L. P.; Tausworthe, R. C.; Masline, R. C.; Jenkins, J. S.; Crowe, R. A.; Thomas, J. L.; Stoloff, M. J.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe an architecture for the DSN information system in the years 2000-2010 and to provide guidelines for its evolution during the 1990's. The study scope is defined to be from the front-end areas at the antennas to the end users (spacecraft teams, principal investigators, archival storage systems, and non-NASA partners). The architectural vision provides guidance for major DSN implementation efforts during the next decade. A strong motivation for the study is an expected dramatic improvement in information-systems technologies--i.e., computer processing, automation technology (including knowledge-based systems), networking and data transport, software and hardware engineering, and human-interface technology. The proposed Ground Information System has the following major features: unified architecture from the front-end area to the end user; open-systems standards to achieve interoperability; DSN production of level 0 data; delivery of level 0 data from the Deep Space Communications Complex, if desired; dedicated telemetry processors for each receiver; security against unauthorized access and errors; and highly automated monitor and control.

  11. A gravity model for the geographical dispersal of mobile communication networks

    E-print Network

    Lambiotte, Renaud; de Kerchove, Cristobald; Huens, Etienne; Prieur, Christophe; Smoreda, Zbigniew; Van Dooren, Paul

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze statistical properties of a communication network constructed from the records of a mobile phone company. The network consists of 2.5 million users that have placed 810 millions of communications (phone calls and text messages) over a period of 6 months and for whom we have geographical home localization information. It is shown that the degree distribution in this network has a power-law degree distribution $k^{-5}$ and that the probability that two users are connected by a link follows a gravity model, i.e. decreases like $d^{-2}$, where $d$ is the distance between the users. We also consider the geographical extension of communication triangles and we show that communication triangles are not only composed of geographically adjacent nodes but that they may extend over large distances. This last property is not captured by the existing models of geographical networks and in a last section we propose a new model that reproduces the observed property. Our model, which is based on the...

  12. Communication Reliability in Network on Chip Designs 

    E-print Network

    Kumar, Reeshav

    2012-10-19

    existing crosstalk avoidance and error correcting schemes and compares them to that of the proposed schemes. Both TransSync and RecSync scheme are dynamic in nature and can be switched on and o on-the- y. The proposed schemes can therefore be employed... employing long bypass paths for low latency communication. The proposed "TransSync" scheme tries to preemptively minimize intra- it skew by intelligently skewing signal transitions at the transmitting node on-the- y so that they become aligned...

  13. Future large broadband switched satellite communications networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Staelin, D. H.; Harvey, R. R.

    1979-01-01

    Critical technical, market, and policy issues relevant to future large broadband switched satellite networks are summarized. Our market projections for the period 1980 to 2000 are compared. Clusters of switched satellites, in lieu of large platforms, etc., are shown to have significant advantages. Analysis of an optimum terrestrial network architecture suggests the proper densities of ground stations and that link reliabilities 99.99% may entail less than a 10% cost premium for diversity protection at 20/30 GHz. These analyses suggest that system costs increase as the 0.6 power of traffic. Cost estimates for nominal 20/30 GHz satellite and ground facilities suggest optimum system configurations might employ satellites with 285 beams, multiple TDMA bands each carrying 256 Mbps, and 16 ft ground station antennas. A nominal development program is outlined.

  14. SECURITY AND COMMUNICATION NETWORKS Security Comm. Networks 2013

    E-print Network

    , and K. Wehrle. "Privacy in the Internet of Things: threats and challenges." Security and Communication PAPER Privacy in the Internet of Things: Threats and Challenges Jan Henrik Ziegeldorf1 , Oscar Garcia, Germany 2 Philips Research, Eindhoven, Netherlands ABSTRACT The Internet of Things paradigm envisions

  15. Progress Toward Standards for the Seamless Interoperability of Broadband Satellite Communication Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ivancic, William D.; Glover, Daniel R.; vonDeak, Thomas C.; Bhasin, Kul B.

    1998-01-01

    The realization of the full potential of the National Information Infrastructure (NH) and Global Information Infrastructure (GII) requires seamless interoperability of emerging satellite networks with terrestrial networks. This requires a cooperative effort between industry, academia and government agencies to develop and advocate new, satellite-friendly communication protocols and modifications to existing communication protocol standards. These groups have recently come together to actively participating in a number of standards making bodies including: the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Forum, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Telecommunication Industry Association MA) to ensure that issues regarding efficient use of these protocols over satellite links are not overlooked. This paper will summarize the progress made toward standards development to achieve seamless integration and accelerate the deployment of multimedia applications.

  16. Protocol for a Delay-Tolerant Data-Communication Network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Torgerson, Jordan; Hooke, Adrian; Burleigh, Scott; Fall, Kevin

    2004-01-01

    As its name partly indicates, the Delay-Tolerant Networking (DTN) Bundle Protocol is a protocol for delay-tolerant transmission of data via communication networks. This protocol was conceived as a result of studies of how to adapt Internet protocols so that Internet-like services could be provided across interplanetary distances in support of deep-space exploration. The protocol, and software to implement the protocol, is being developed in collaboration among experts at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and other institutions. No current Internet protocols can accommodate long transmission delay times or intermittent link connectivity. The DTN Bundle Protocol represents a departure from the standard Internet assumption that a continuous path is available from a host computer to a client computer: It provides for routing of data through networks that may be disjointed and may be characterized by long transmission delays. In addition to networks that include deepspace communication links, examples of such networks include terrestrial ones within which branches are temporarily disconnected. The protocol is based partly on the definition of a message-based overlay above the transport layers of the networks on which it is hosted.

  17. The Implications of Information and Communications Technologies for Distance Education: Looking toward the Future. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arafeh, Sousan

    2004-01-01

    One salient factor of increasing interest in distance education is advancement in information and communications technologies (ICTs). In particular, digital and networked technologies have had a wide range of effects on the educational materials, practices, and institutions involved in education, notably by improving time-and cost-efficient…

  18. Junior / Community College Students with Learning Disabilities and Their Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen, Mai Nhu; Fichten, Catherine; King, Laura; Barile, Maria; Mimouni, Zohra; Havel, Alice; Raymond, Odette; Juhel, Jean-Charles; Jorgensen, Shirley; Chauvin, Alexandre; Gutberg, Jennifer; Budd, Jillian; Hewlett, Maureen; Heiman, Tali; Gaulin, Chris; Asuncion, Jennison

    2013-01-01

    Junior / community college students who have learning disabilities (LD), such as dyslexia, often do not maximize their use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for school work. They do not use many of these technologies nor do they know as much about them as other students. These are the results of an Adaptech Research Network

  19. Electronic Communication in Africa--the Promotion of Animal Health Information Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Westhuizen, Erica E.; Miller, E. Stan

    1995-01-01

    Discusses how the Veterinary Science Library at the University of Pretoria (South Africa) promotes electronic communication through various Internet and other network links. Provides a sample of online information sources available to veterinary teams and animal health workers, and a list of electronic addresses for South African libraries and…

  20. The Internet, Political Communications Research and the Search for a New Information Paradigm

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiu, William Franklin

    2013-01-01

    The Internet, as a digital record of human discourse, provides an opportunity to directly analyze political communicative behavior. The rapid emergence of social online networks augurs a transformation in the quality and quantity of information people have to evaluate their political system. Digital formats instantiate new categories of actors and…

  1. A Professional Development Project for Improving the Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Science Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavonen, Jari; Juuti, Kalle; Aksela, Maija; Meisalo, Veijo

    2006-01-01

    This article describes a professional development project aiming to develop practical approaches for the integration of information and communication technologies (ICT) into science education. Altogether, 13 two-day face-to-face seminars and numerous computer network conferences were held during a three-year period. The goals for the project were…

  2. Network Management for Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS)

    E-print Network

    Trajkovic, Ljiljana

    in hospital Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) overview Software design Software functions Conclusions PACS overview Hospital workflow Network protocols used in hospital environment Problems frequently seen #12;3 Project scope Investigate the possibility of applying SNMP to information systems in hospital

  3. Good Communication: The Other Social Network for Successful IT Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trubitt, Lisa; Overholtzer, Jeff

    2009-01-01

    Social networks of the electronic variety have become thoroughly embedded in contemporary culture. People have woven these networks into their daily routines, using Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, online gaming environments, and other tools to build and maintain complex webs of professional and personal relationships. Chief Information Officers…

  4. 76 FR 23812 - Reliability and Continuity of Communications Networks, Including Broadband Technologies; Effects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-28

    ... Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121 (1998). Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed... on Broadband Communications Networks of Damage or Failure of Network Equipment or Severe Overload...: Effects on Broadband Communications Networks of Damage or Failure of Network Equipment or Severe...

  5. Radar network communication through sensing of frequency hopping

    DOEpatents

    Dowla, Farid; Nekoogar, Faranak

    2013-05-28

    In one embodiment, a radar communication system includes a plurality of radars having a communication range and being capable of operating at a sensing frequency and a reporting frequency, wherein the reporting frequency is different than the sensing frequency, each radar is adapted for operating at the sensing frequency until an event is detected, each radar in the plurality of radars has an identification/location frequency for reporting information different from the sensing frequency, a first radar of the radars which senses the event sends a reporting frequency corresponding to its identification/location frequency when the event is detected, and all other radars in the plurality of radars switch their reporting frequencies to match the reporting frequency of the first radar upon detecting the reporting frequency switch of a radar within the communication range. In another embodiment, a method is presented for communicating information in a radar system.

  6. Human Communication and Information Science Division Introductory L e c t u r e s Seminars and Thesis Programs EducationVerbal Communication Human CommunicationInformation Technology

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    #12;#12;#12;Human Communication and Information Science Division Introductory L e c t u r e s Seminars and Thesis Programs EducationVerbal Communication Human CommunicationInformation Technology Courses LiberalEducation BasicAcademicSkillsSeminar IntroductiontoHuman

  7. Predicting Information Flows in Network Traffic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinich, Melvin J.; Molyneux, Robert E.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses information flow in networks and predicting network traffic and describes a study that uses time series analysis on a day's worth of Internet log data. Examines nonlinearity and traffic invariants, and suggests that prediction of network traffic may not be possible with current techniques. (Author/LRW)

  8. Aerial networking communication solutions using Micro Air Vehicle (MAV)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balasubramanian, Shyam; de Graaf, Maurits; Hoekstra, Gerard; Corporaal, Henk; Wijtvliet, Mark; Cuadros Linde, Javier

    2014-10-01

    The application of a Micro Air Vehicle (MAV) for wireless networking is slowly gaining significance in the field of network robotics. Aerial transport of data requires efficient network protocols along with accurate positional adjustment of the MAV to minimize transaction times. In our proof of concept, we develop an Aerial networking protocol for data transfer using the technology of Disruption Tolerant Networks (DTN), a store-and-forward approach for environments that deals with disrupted connectivity. Our results show that close interaction between networking and flight behavior helps in efficient data exchange. Potential applications are in areas where network infrastructure is minimal or unavailable and distances may be large. For example, forwarding video recordings during search and rescue, agriculture, swarm communication, among several others. A practical implementation and validation, as described in this paper, presents the complex dynamics of wireless environments and poses new challenges that are not addressed in earlier work on this topic. Several tests are evaluated in a practical setup to display the networking MAV behavior during such an operation.

  9. An optical-fiber communication network for the future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1987-12-01

    Scandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque is among the first campus-type facilities in the U.S. to install a very high-capacity, wide-ranging optical-fiber cable and communication network. Begun in 1981, the primary 144-fiber trunk system will soon be completed in a loop 26 miles in circumference. This cable system is the backbone of a communication utility that will make access by terminals to computers as easy as plugging in electrical appliances or making a telephone that works.

  10. 78 FR 21879 - Improving 9-1-1 Reliability; Reliability and Continuity of Communications Networks, Including...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-12

    ...Reliability and Continuity of Communications Networks, Including Broadband Technologies AGENCY...resiliency of the Nation's 9-1-1 networks. The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking also...vulnerabilities in current 9-1-1 network configuration and service provider...

  11. B-RPM: An Efficient One-to-Many Communication Framework for On-Chip Networks 

    E-print Network

    Shaukat, Noman

    2012-10-19

    coherence and consistency. Providing efficient support for these communication patterns becomes a critical design point for on-chip networks (OCN). High performance on-chip networks design advocates balanced traffic across the whole network, which makes...

  12. Duality Quantum Information and Duality Quantum Communication

    SciTech Connect

    Li, C. Y.; Wang, W. Y.; Wang, C.; Song, S. Y.; Long, G. L.

    2011-03-28

    Quantum mechanical systems exhibit particle wave duality property. This duality property has been exploited for information processing. A duality quantum computer is a quantum computer on the move and passing through a multi-slits. It offers quantum wave divider and quantum wave combiner operations in addition to those allowed in an ordinary quantum computer. It has been shown that all linear bounded operators can be realized in a duality quantum computer, and a duality quantum computer with n qubits and d-slits can be realized in an ordinary quantum computer with n qubits and a qudit in the so-called duality quantum computing mode. The quantum particle-wave duality can be used in providing secure communication. In this paper, we will review duality quantum computing and duality quantum key distribution.

  13. Spinal Cord Injury Model System Information Network

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the UAB-SCIMS Contact the UAB-SCIMS UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System Newly Injured Health Daily Living ... Information Network The University of Alabama at Birmingham Spinal Cord Injury Model System (UAB-SCIMS) maintains this Information ...

  14. The Social Side of Information Networking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, James E.

    1997-01-01

    Explores the social issues, including manners, security, crime (fraud), and social control associated with information networking, with emphasis on the Internet. Also addresses the influence of cellular phones, the Internet and other information technologies on society. (GR)

  15. The Deep Space Network information system in the year 2000

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Markley, R. W.; Beswick, C. A.

    1992-01-01

    The Deep Space Network (DSN), the largest, most sensitive scientific communications and radio navigation network in the world, is considered. Focus is made on the telemetry processing, monitor and control, and ground data transport architectures of the DSN ground information system envisioned for the year 2000. The telemetry architecture will be unified from the front-end area to the end user. It will provide highly automated monitor and control of the DSN, automated configuration of support activities, and a vastly improved human interface. Automated decision support systems will be in place for DSN resource management, performance analysis, fault diagnosis, and contingency management.

  16. NETWORK & COMMUNICATION FIELD ENGINEER Professional Organizations

    E-print Network

    Acton, Scott

    Interviewing: The Neglected Job Search Tool "How Does an Informational Interview Work?" 360 degree feedback Computing Services of Virginia (ACCS) Educause Special Interest Group on University and College Computing on University and College Computing Services (SIGUCCS) webinars Special Interest Group on University and College

  17. 76 FR 38374 - Applications for New Awards; Literacy Information and Communication System Regional Professional...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-30

    ... Applications for New Awards; Literacy Information and Communication System Regional Professional Development.... Overview Information Literacy Information and Communication System Regional Professional Development... Literacy Information and Communication System (LINCS) Regional Professional Development Centers...

  18. ECS: Efficient Communication Scheduling for Underwater Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Lu; Hong, Feng; Guo, Zhongwen; Li, Zhengbao

    2011-01-01

    TDMA protocols have attracted a lot of attention for underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWSNs), because of the unique characteristics of acoustic signal propagation such as great energy consumption in transmission, long propagation delay and long communication range. Previous TDMA protocols all allocated transmission time to nodes based on discrete time slots. This paper proposes an efficient continuous time scheduling TDMA protocol (ECS) for UWSNs, including the continuous time based and sender oriented conflict analysis model, the transmission moment allocation algorithm and the distributed topology maintenance algorithm. Simulation results confirm that ECS improves network throughput by 20% on average, compared to existing MAC protocols. PMID:22163775

  19. Multiply-agile encryption in high speed communication networks

    SciTech Connect

    Pierson, L.G.; Witzke, E.L.

    1997-05-01

    Different applications have different security requirements for data privacy, data integrity, and authentication. Encryption is one technique that addresses these requirements. Encryption hardware, designed for use in high-speed communications networks, can satisfy a wide variety of security requirements if that hardware is key-agile, robustness-agile and algorithm-agile. Hence, multiply-agile encryption provides enhanced solutions to the secrecy, interoperability and quality of service issues in high-speed networks. This paper defines these three types of agile encryption. Next, implementation issues are discussed. While single-algorithm, key-agile encryptors exist, robustness-agile and algorithm-agile encryptors are still research topics.

  20. ECS: efficient communication scheduling for underwater sensor networks.

    PubMed

    Hong, Lu; Hong, Feng; Guo, Zhongwen; Li, Zhengbao

    2011-01-01

    TDMA protocols have attracted a lot of attention for underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWSNs), because of the unique characteristics of acoustic signal propagation such as great energy consumption in transmission, long propagation delay and long communication range. Previous TDMA protocols all allocated transmission time to nodes based on discrete time slots. This paper proposes an efficient continuous time scheduling TDMA protocol (ECS) for UWSNs, including the continuous time based and sender oriented conflict analysis model, the transmission moment allocation algorithm and the distributed topology maintenance algorithm. Simulation results confirm that ECS improves network throughput by 20% on average, compared to existing MAC protocols. PMID:22163775

  1. Nonmaterialized Motion Information in Transport Networks

    E-print Network

    Wolfson, Ouri E.

    determines the content, format, or timing of information delivered), augmented reality (location of bothNonmaterialized Motion Information in Transport Networks Hu Cao and Ouri Wolfson Department that the motion occurs on a transport network. 1 Introduction Location management, i.e. the management

  2. Informational Benefits via Knowledge Networks among Farmers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sligo, F. X.; Massey, Claire; Lewis, Kate

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: This research aimed to obtain insights into how farmers on small and medium-sized farms perceived the benefits of the information they receive from their interpersonal networks and other sources. Design/methodology/approach: Farmers' information environments were explored using socio-spatial knowledge networks, diaries and in-depth…

  3. Information Network on Rural Development (INRD), Bangladesh.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanasundra, Leelangi

    1994-01-01

    Discusses information networking in Bangladesh and describes the formation of the Information Network on Rural Development (INRD) which was initiated by the Center on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP). Organization, membership, activities, participation, and finance are examined. (four references) (LRW)

  4. Information Spread of Emergency Events: Path Searching on Social Networks

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Hongzhi; Wu, Tunan

    2014-01-01

    Emergency has attracted global attentions of government and the public, and it will easily trigger a series of serious social problems if it is not supervised effectively in the dissemination process. In the Internet world, people communicate with each other and form various virtual communities based on social networks, which lead to a complex and fast information spread pattern of emergency events. This paper collects Internet data based on data acquisition and topic detection technology, analyzes the process of information spread on social networks, describes the diffusions and impacts of that information from the perspective of random graph, and finally seeks the key paths through an improved IBF algorithm. Application cases have shown that this algorithm can search the shortest spread paths efficiently, which may help us to guide and control the information dissemination of emergency events on early warning. PMID:24600323

  5. Modeling and Analysis of Mobility Management in Mobile Communication Networks

    PubMed Central

    Yoon, Ji Hyun; Kim, Chesoong

    2014-01-01

    Many strategies have been proposed to reduce the mobility management cost in mobile communication networks. This paper studies the zone-based registration methods that have been adopted by most mobile communication networks. We focus on two special zone-based registration methods, called two-zone registration (2Z) and two-zone registration with implicit registration by outgoing calls (2Zi). We provide a new mathematical model to analyze the exact performance of 2Z and 2Zi. We also present various numerical results, to compare the performance of 2Zi with those of 2Z and one-zone registration (1Z), and show that 2Zi is superior to 2Z as well as 1Z in most cases. PMID:24883368

  6. Program Support Communications Network (PSCN) facsimile system directory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    This directory provides a system description, a station listing, and operating procedures for the Program Support Communications Network (PSCN) NASA Facsimile System. The NASA Facsimile System is a convenient and efficient means of spanning the distance, time, and cost of transmitting documents from one person to another. In the spectrum of communication techniques, facsimile bridges the gap between mail and data transmission. Facsimile can transmit in a matter of minutes or seconds what would take a day or more by mail delivery. The NASA Facsimile System is composed of several makes and models of facsimile machines. The system also supports the 3M FaxXchange network controllers located at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).

  7. Asymmetries in commitment in an avian communication network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Randler, Christoph; Vollmer, Christian

    2013-02-01

    Mobbing of predators occurs within a conspecific and heterospecific context but has not been quantified within the framework of a communication network and analysed with respect to heterospecific reciprocity. Here, we used playbacks of mobbing calls to show that mobbing is unequally distributed within a community of deciduous forest birds. Five species (great tit Parus major, blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus, marsh tit Poecile palustris, nuthatch Sitta europaea and chaffinch Fringilla coelebs) responded to each other's playbacks of mobbing calls. Commitment to mob was measured by minimum distance, response latency and uttering of calls. Commitment was higher when conspecific calls were broadcast. Yet, responses to heterospecific calls were significantly different between the five species. Chaffinches had the lowest commitment, and blue tits tended to have the highest. The communication network is asymmetric. Some species invest more than they receive from other species. As mobbing might incur costs, these are unequally distributed across the community.

  8. Interpreting network communicability with stochastic models and data

    E-print Network

    Colman, Ewan

    2016-01-01

    The recently introduced concept of dynamic communicability is a valuable tool for ranking the importance of nodes in a temporal network. Two metrics, broadcast score and receive score, were introduced to measure the centrality of a node with respect to a model of contagion based on time-respecting walks. This article examines the temporal and structural factors influencing these metrics by considering a versatile stochastic temporal network model. We analytically derive formulae to accurately predict the expectation of the broadcast and receive scores when one or more columns in a temporal edge-list are shuffled. These methods are then applied to two publicly available data-sets and we quantify how much the centrality of each individual depends on structural or temporal influences. From our analysis we highlight two practical contributions: a way to control for temporal variation when computing dynamic communicability, and the conclusion that the broadcast and receive scores can, under a range of circumstance...

  9. Impact of informal networks on opinion dynamics in hierarchically formal organization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Xiao; Shi, Wen; Ma, Yaofei; Yang, Chen

    2015-10-01

    Traditional opinion dynamics model focused mainly on the conditions under which a group of agents would reach a consensus. Conclusion has been gained that continuous opinion dynamics are subject to the constraint that convergent opinion adjustment only proceeds when opinion difference is below a given tolerance. This conclusion is useful but neglected the fact that an organization often consists of overlapped networks including formally hierarchical network and small-world/scale-free informal networks. To study the impact of different types of informal networks on converging speed or the number of opinion clusters, four typical types of informal networks (small-world, scale-free, tree and fully connected) are modeled and proposed as complements to formal communications. Experiments to compare formal network and hybrid networks are then carried out. It is observed that opinion dynamics with supplemented communications of informal networks can benefit convergence speed and reduce opinion clusters. More importantly, it is revealed that three key factors of informal networks affect their impact on formal network. These factors of informal network in descending orders are: agents' tolerances, scale and number of links.

  10. 31 CFR 542.306 - Information and communications technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... technology. 542.306 Section 542.306 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... Definitions § 542.306 Information and communications technology. The term information and communications technology means any hardware, software, or other product or service primarily intended to fulfill or...

  11. Florida State University College of Communication and Information Bylaws

    E-print Network

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    , Communication Science and Disorders, and Library and Information Studies, including professors, associateFlorida State University College of Communication and Information Bylaws (Approved by the Faculty issues of interest to the College's faculty and make recommendations to the Faculty Senate, to any

  12. Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) Program Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    VanDalsem, William R.

    2003-01-01

    The Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Program's goal is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communication technologies

  13. Technology developments integrating a space network communications testbed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kwong, Winston; Jennings, Esther; Clare, Loren; Leang, Dee

    2006-01-01

    As future manned and robotic space explorations missions involve more complex systems, it is essential to verify, validate, and optimize such systems through simulation and emulation in a low cost testbed environment. The goal of such a testbed is to perform detailed testing of advanced space and ground communications networks, technologies, and client applications that are essential for future space exploration missions. We describe the development of new technologies enhancing our Multi-mission Advanced Communications Hybrid Environment for Test and Evaluation (MACHETE) that enables its integration in a distributed space communications testbed. MACHETE combines orbital modeling, link analysis, and protocol and service modeling to quantify system performance based on comprehensive considerations of different aspects of space missions.

  14. Information and Communication Technologies in Social Work

    PubMed Central

    Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry O.; Glass, Joseph E.; Margerum-Leys, Jon

    2011-01-01

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are electronic tools used to convey, manipulate and store information. The exponential growth of Internet access and ICTs greatly influenced social, political, and economic processes in the United States, and worldwide. Regardless of the level of practice, ICTs will continue influencing the careers of social workers and the clients they serve. ICTs have received some attention in the social work literature and curriculum, but we argue that this level of attention is not adequate given their ubiquity, growth and influence, specifically as it relates to upholding social work ethics. Significant attention is needed to help ensure social workers are responsive to the technological changes in the health care system, including the health care infrastructure and use of technology among clients. Social workers also need ICT competencies in order to effectively lead different types of social change initiatives or collaborate with professionals of other disciplines who are using ICTs as part of existing strategies. This paper also identifies potential pitfalls and challenges with respect to the adoption of ICTs, with recommendations for advancing their use in practice, education, and research. PMID:21691444

  15. PREFACE: Quantum Information, Communication, Computation and Cryptography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benatti, F.; Fannes, M.; Floreanini, R.; Petritis, D.

    2007-07-01

    The application of quantum mechanics to information related fields such as communication, computation and cryptography is a fast growing line of research that has been witnessing an outburst of theoretical and experimental results, with possible practical applications. On the one hand, quantum cryptography with its impact on secrecy of transmission is having its first important actual implementations; on the other hand, the recent advances in quantum optics, ion trapping, BEC manipulation, spin and quantum dot technologies allow us to put to direct test a great deal of theoretical ideas and results. These achievements have stimulated a reborn interest in various aspects of quantum mechanics, creating a unique interplay between physics, both theoretical and experimental, mathematics, information theory and computer science. In view of all these developments, it appeared timely to organize a meeting where graduate students and young researchers could be exposed to the fundamentals of the theory, while senior experts could exchange their latest results. The activity was structured as a school followed by a workshop, and took place at The Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) and The International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste, Italy, from 12-23 June 2006. The meeting was part of the activity of the Joint European Master Curriculum Development Programme in Quantum Information, Communication, Cryptography and Computation, involving the Universities of Cergy-Pontoise (France), Chania (Greece), Leuven (Belgium), Rennes1 (France) and Trieste (Italy). This special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical collects 22 contributions from well known experts who took part in the workshop. They summarize the present day status of the research in the manifold aspects of quantum information. The issue is opened by two review articles, the first by G Adesso and F Illuminati discussing entanglement in continuous variable systems, the second by T Prosen, discussing chaos and complexity in quantum systems. Both topics have theoretical as well as experimental relevance and are likely to witness a fast growing development in the near future. The remaining contributions present more specific and very recent results. They involve the study of the structure of quantum states and their estimation (B Baumgartner et al, C King et al, S Olivares et al, D Petz et al and W van Dam et al), of entanglement generation and its quantification (G Brida et al, F Ciccarello et al, G Costantini et al, O Romero-Isart et al, D Rossini et al, A Serafini et al and D Vitali et al), of randomness related effects on entanglement behaviour (I Akhalwaya et al, O Dahlsten et al and L Viola et al), and of abstract and applied aspects of quantum computation and communication (K Audenart, G M D'Ariano et al, N Datta et al, L C Kwek et al and M Nathanson et al). We would like to express our gratitude to the European Commission, the Abdus Salam ICTP, SISSA and Eurotech SpA (Amaro, Udine, Italy) for financial and/or logistic support. Special thanks also go to the workshop secretary Marina De Comelli, and the secretaries of the Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Trieste, Sabrina Gaspardis and Rosita Glavina for their precious help and assistance.

  16. Geoscience communication in Namibia: YES Network Namibia spreading the message to young scientists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mhopjeni, Kombada

    2015-04-01

    The Young Earth Scientists (YES) Network is an international association for early-career geoscientists under the age of 35 years that was formed as a result of the International Year of Planet Earth (IYPE) in 2007. YES Network aims to establish an interdisciplinary global network of early-career geoscientists to solve societal issues/challenges using geosciences, promote scientific research and interdisciplinary networking, and support professional development of early-career geoscientists. The Network has several National Chapters including one in Namibia. YES Network Namibia (YNN) was formed in 2009, at the closing ceremony of IYPE in Portugal and YNN was consolidated in 2013 with the current set-up. YNN supports the activities and goals of the main YES Network at national level providing a platform for young Namibian scientists with a passion to network, information on geoscience opportunities and promoting earth sciences. Currently most of the members are geoscientists from the Geological Survey of Namibia (GSN) and University of Namibia. In 2015, YNN plans to carry out two workshops on career guidance, establish a mentorship program involving alumni and experienced industry experts, and increase involvement in outreach activities, mainly targeting high school pupils. Network members will participate in a range of educational activities such as school career and science fairs communicating geoscience to the general public, learners and students. The community outreach programmes are carried out to increase awareness of the role geosciences play in society. In addition, YNN will continue to promote interactive collaboration between the University of Namibia, Geological Survey of Namibia (GSN) and Geological Society of Namibia. Despite the numerous potential opportunities YNN offers young scientists in Namibia and its presence on all major social media platforms, the Network faces several challenges. One notable challenge the Network faces is indifference among early-career geoscientists in the industry and university students to geoscience activities outside the confines of academia and the industry such as networking and outreach activities. This is compounded by the Network's perceived lack of relevance and appeal among young Namibian scientists. To become more 'popular' YNN needs to solve the issue of indifference among early-career geoscientists in the industry and University students by listening to their needs and actively engaging them in the process. Good communication skills are essential and YNN has to reformulate the way it reaches out to its audiences by developing more active ways to communicate geosciences. With this in mind, YNN plans to implement best practice methods to engage more young scientists in YNN and provide support and guidance on geoscience opportunities.

  17. 75 FR 34459 - Converged Communications and Health Care Devices Impact on Regulation; Public Meeting; Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-17

    ...can be tied into broadband communication networks. The deadline for submitting...using established commercial communications networks such as Internet connectivity...patient care, including communication networks to relay information...

  18. Destination-directed, packet-switched architecture for a geostationary communications satellite network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ivancic, William D.; Shalkhauser, Mary JO; Bobinsky, Eric A.; Soni, Nitin J.; Quintana, Jorge A.; Kim, Heechul; Wager, Paul; Vanderaar, Mark

    1993-01-01

    A major goal of the Digital Systems Technology Branch at the NASA Lewis Research Center is to identify and develop critical digital components and technologies that either enable new commercial missions or significantly enhance the performance, cost efficiency, and/or reliability of existing and planned space communications systems. NASA envisions a need for low-data-rate, interactive, direct-to-the-user communications services for data, voice, facsimile, and video conferencing. The network would provide enhanced very-small-aperture terminal (VSAT) communications services and be capable of handling data rates of 64 kbps through 2.048 Mbps in 64-kbps increments. Efforts have concentrated heavily on the space segment; however, the ground segment has been considered concurrently to ensure cost efficiency and realistic operational constraints. The focus of current space segment developments is a flexible, high-throughput, fault-tolerant onboard information-switching processor (ISP) for a geostationary satellite communications network. The Digital Systems Technology Branch is investigating both circuit and packet architectures for the ISP. Destination-directed, packet-switched architectures for geostationary communications satellites are addressed.

  19. Network Infusion to Infer Information Sources in Networks

    E-print Network

    Feizi, Soheil

    2014-12-02

    Several models exist for diffusion of signals across biological, social, or engineered networks. However, the inverse problem of identifying the source of such propagated information appears more difficult even in the ...

  20. 76 FR 67750 - Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ...DHS-2011-0107] Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee AGENCY: Department...Appointment to Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee...renewal of the Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee (HSINAC) is...

  1. 78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-21

    ...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

  2. 75 FR 57790 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...service. This include Public Mobile Services, Personal Communications Services,...

  3. 75 FR 13286 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...by the Federal Communications Commission For...Commission and the public use the database...activities. Federal Communications Commission....

  4. 75 FR 39937 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-13

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...by the Federal Communications Commission for...operators and the public are made aware...proceeding. Federal Communications Commission....

  5. 75 FR 62535 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...licensees in the Public Mobile Services, Personal Communications Services,...

  6. 75 FR 62816 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...they do not have a public file. Federal Communications Commission....

  7. 78 FR 41795 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) invites the general public and other...

  8. 75 FR 61487 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-05

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension...interconnecting private and public systems of communications. Form No.:...

  9. 78 FR 36185 - Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-17

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice;...

  10. 78 FR 6102 - Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-29

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice;...

  11. 78 FR 18338 - Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice; request...

  12. 78 FR 34097 - Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-06

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated Authority AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice and...

  13. 78 FR 28215 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated Authority AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice;...

  14. 76 FR 67451 - Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated Authority AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice and...

  15. 77 FR 55838 - Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-11

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated Authority AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice and...

  16. 78 FR 66929 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-07

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated Authority AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice and...

  17. 78 FR 37809 - Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated Authority AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice and...

  18. 77 FR 66838 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension Under Delegated Authority AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice;...

  19. 78 FR 8528 - Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated Authority AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice and...

  20. Visual Communications for Heterogeneous Networks/Visually Optimized Scalable Image Compression. Final Report for September 1, 1995 - February 28, 2002

    SciTech Connect

    Hemami, S. S.

    2003-06-03

    The authors developed image and video compression algorithms that provide scalability, reconstructibility, and network adaptivity, and developed compression and quantization strategies that are visually optimal at all bit rates. The goal of this research is to enable reliable ''universal access'' to visual communications over the National Information Infrastructure (NII). All users, regardless of their individual network connection bandwidths, qualities-of-service, or terminal capabilities, should have the ability to access still images, video clips, and multimedia information services, and to use interactive visual communications services. To do so requires special capabilities for image and video compression algorithms: scalability, reconstructibility, and network adaptivity. Scalability allows an information service to provide visual information at many rates, without requiring additional compression or storage after the stream has been compressed the first time. Reconstructibility allows reliable visual communications over an imperfect network. Network adaptivity permits real-time modification of compression parameters to adjust to changing network conditions. Furthermore, to optimize the efficiency of the compression algorithms, they should be visually optimal, where each bit expended reduces the visual distortion. Visual optimality is achieved through first extensive experimentation to quantify human sensitivity to supra-threshold compression artifacts and then incorporation of these experimental results into quantization strategies and compression algorithms.

  1. Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hancock, Alan

    An informal introduction to the study of communication deals with the major topics in the field. It presents basic theories of communication and language, reviews how language takes on meaning, explains the stimulus-response and Piaget theories of learning, and presents major theories dealing with communications and society. These theories include…

  2. ECE 463 Wireless Communication Networks Catalog Description: Wireless networks: personal area (IEEE 802.15.4a), local area (IEEE

    E-print Network

    with Disabilities: Accommodations are collaborative efforts between students, faculty and Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD). Students with accommodations approved through SSD are responsible for contactingECE 463 ­ Wireless Communication Networks Catalog Description: Wireless networks: personal area

  3. Coherent Distributed Techniques for Tactical Radio Networks: Enabling Long Range Communications

    E-print Network

    Brown III, Donald R.

    Coherent Distributed Techniques for Tactical Radio Networks: Enabling Long Range Communications-- This paper addresses the use of distributed coherent communication techniques across a wireless network of these techniques and over- the-air demonstrations of coherent distributed transmit communications at 3.5 km

  4. On The Communication Complexity of Perfectly Secure Message Transmission in Directed Networks

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    On The Communication Complexity of Perfectly Secure Message Transmission in Directed Networks directed networks. Even though the issue of tradeoff between phase complexity and communication complexity bounds on communication complexity of (a) two phase PSMT protocols and (b) three or more phase PSMT

  5. Multi-agent Communication Disorders: Dynamic Breeding Networks in Genetic Algorithms

    E-print Network

    Wilensky, Uri

    Multi-agent Communication Disorders: Dynamic Breeding Networks in Genetic Algorithms Forrest in Genetic Algorithms Slide 2 / 42 Summary In an ABM, agents communicate. These interactions form a social. #12;Multi-agent Communication Disorders: Dynamic Breeding Networks in Genetic Algorithms Slide 3 / 42

  6. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Protection of digital computer and communication systems... computer and communication systems and networks. By November 23, 2009 each licensee currently licensed to... provide high assurance that digital computer and communication systems and networks are...

  7. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Protection of digital computer and communication systems... computer and communication systems and networks. By November 23, 2009 each licensee currently licensed to... provide high assurance that digital computer and communication systems and networks are...

  8. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Protection of digital computer and communication systems... computer and communication systems and networks. By November 23, 2009 each licensee currently licensed to... provide high assurance that digital computer and communication systems and networks are...

  9. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Protection of digital computer and communication systems... computer and communication systems and networks. By November 23, 2009 each licensee currently licensed to... provide high assurance that digital computer and communication systems and networks are...

  10. 10 CFR 73.54 - Protection of digital computer and communication systems and networks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Protection of digital computer and communication systems... computer and communication systems and networks. By November 23, 2009 each licensee currently licensed to... provide high assurance that digital computer and communication systems and networks are...

  11. Communicating in a Socially-Aware Network: Impact of Relationship Types

    E-print Network

    Yener, Aylin

    Communicating in a Socially-Aware Network: Impact of Relationship Types Basak Guler Burak Varan Kaya Tutuncuoglu Mohamed Nafea Ahmed A. Zewail Aylin Yener Damien Octeau Wireless Communications@cse.psu.edu Abstract--Communication networks are linked to and influenced by human interactions. Socially-aware systems

  12. The Western Pacific Fishery Information Network: A Fisheries Information System

    E-print Network

    The Western Pacific Fishery Information Network: A Fisheries Information System Introduction. This pa per describes the development and status of this fishery information system. DAVID C. HAMM fishery chang ing with them to obtain and utilize the proper data and information needed to monitor and manage

  13. Autonomous Data Collection from Underwater Sensor Networks using Acoustic Communication

    E-print Network

    Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

    plan a path that maximizes the information collected while minimizing travel time or fuel expenditure. This problem is closely related to the classical Traveling Salesperson Problem (TSP), but differs in that data of communication are no longer feasible (e.g., WiFi, cellular, satellite). Acoustic modems can provide

  14. Long-distance quantum communication over noisy networks without long-time quantum memory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazurek, Pawe?; Grudka, Andrzej; Horodecki, Micha?; Horodecki, Pawe?; ?odyga, Justyna; Pankowski, ?ukasz; Przysie?na, Anna

    2014-12-01

    The problem of sharing entanglement over large distances is crucial for implementations of quantum cryptography. A possible scheme for long-distance entanglement sharing and quantum communication exploits networks whose nodes share Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pairs. In Perseguers et al. [Phys. Rev. A 78, 062324 (2008), 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.062324] the authors put forward an important isomorphism between storing quantum information in a dimension D and transmission of quantum information in a D +1 -dimensional network. We show that it is possible to obtain long-distance entanglement in a noisy two-dimensional (2D) network, even when taking into account that encoding and decoding of a state is exposed to an error. For 3D networks we propose a simple encoding and decoding scheme based solely on syndrome measurements on 2D Kitaev topological quantum memory. Our procedure constitutes an alternative scheme of state injection that can be used for universal quantum computation on 2D Kitaev code. It is shown that the encoding scheme is equivalent to teleporting the state, from a specific node into a whole two-dimensional network, through some virtual EPR pair existing within the rest of network qubits. We present an analytic lower bound on fidelity of the encoding and decoding procedure, using as our main tool a modified metric on space-time lattice, deviating from a taxicab metric at the first and the last time slices.

  15. Development and Analyses of Privacy Management Models in Online Social Networks Based on Communication Privacy Management Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Ki Jung

    2013-01-01

    Online social networks (OSNs), while serving as an emerging means of communication, promote various issues of privacy. Users of OSNs encounter diverse occasions that lead to invasion of their privacy, e.g., published conversation, public revelation of their personally identifiable information, and open boundary of distinct social groups within…

  16. Interplant Communication of Tomato Plants through Underground Common Mycorrhizal Networks

    PubMed Central

    Song, Yuan Yuan; Zeng, Ren Sen; Xu, Jian Feng; Li, Jun; Shen, Xiang; Yihdego, Woldemariam Gebrehiwot

    2010-01-01

    Plants can defend themselves to pathogen and herbivore attack by responding to chemical signals that are emitted by attacked plants. It is well established that such signals can be transferred through the air. In theory, plants can also communicate with each other through underground common mycorrhizal networks (CMNs) that interconnect roots of multiple plants. However, until now research focused on plant-to-plant carbon nutrient movement and there is no evidence that defense signals can be exchanged through such mycorrhizal hyphal networks. Here, we show that CMNs mediate plant-plant communication between healthy plants and pathogen-infected tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). After establishment of CMNs with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae between tomato plants, inoculation of ‘donor’ plants with the pathogen Alternaria solani led to increases in disease resistance and activities of the putative defensive enzymes, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, chitinase, ?-1,3-glucanase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and lipoxygenase in healthy neighbouring ‘receiver’ plants. The uninfected ‘receiver’ plants also activated six defence-related genes when CMNs connected ‘donor’ plants challenged with A. solani. This finding indicates that CMNs may function as a plant-plant underground communication conduit whereby disease resistance and induced defence signals can be transferred between the healthy and pathogen-infected neighbouring plants, suggesting that plants can ‘eavesdrop’ on defence signals from the pathogen-challenged neighbours through CMNs to activate defences before being attacked themselves. PMID:20967206

  17. The Teen Health Information Network (THINK).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuzel, Judith; Erickson, Su

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the Teen Health Information Network (THINK), a grant-funded partnership of Aurora, Illinois, public libraries, schools, and community agencies to provide materials, information, and programming on issues related to teen health. Seven appendixes provide detailed information on survey results, collection evaluation and development,…

  18. The Deep Space Network: A Radio Communications Instrument for Deep Space Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Renzetti, N. A.; Stelzried, C. T.; Noreen, G. K.; Slobin, S. D.; Petty, S. M.; Trowbridge, D. L.; Donnelly, H.; Kinman, P. W.; Armstrong, J. W.; Burow, N. A.

    1983-01-01

    The primary purpose of the Deep Space Network (DSN) is to serve as a communications instrument for deep space exploration, providing communications between the spacecraft and the ground facilities. The uplink communications channel provides instructions or commands to the spacecraft. The downlink communications channel provides command verification and spacecraft engineering and science instrument payload data.

  19. Deep Space Network and Lunar Network Communication Coverage of the Moon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Charles H.; Cheung, Kar-Ming

    2006-01-01

    In this article, we describe the communication coverage analysis for the lunar network and the Earth ground stations. The first part of this article focuses on the direct communication coverage of the Moon from the Earth's ground stations. In particular, we assess the coverage performance of the Moon based on the existing Deep Space Network (DSN) antennas and the complimentary coverage of other potential stations at Hartebeesthoek, South Africa and at Santiago, Chile. We also address the coverage sensitivity based on different DSN antenna scenarios and their capability to provide single and redundant coverage of the Moon. The second part of this article focuses on the framework of the constrained optimization scheme to seek a stable constellation six relay satellites in two planes that not only can provide continuous communication coverage to any users on the Moon surface, but can also deliver data throughput in a highly efficient manner.

  20. PIR-Tor: Scalable Anonymous Communication Using Private Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Goldberg, Ian

    is manageable even when the Tor network scales by two orders of magnitude. 1 Introduction As more of our daily. In fact, McLachlan et al. [22] showed that in the near future the Tor network could be spending more architecture is that clients require information about only a few relays (3 in the current Tor network

  1. Mixed Integer Programming and Heuristic Scheduling for Space Communication Networks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cheung, Kar-Ming; Lee, Charles H.

    2012-01-01

    We developed framework and the mathematical formulation for optimizing communication network using mixed integer programming. The design yields a system that is much smaller, in search space size, when compared to the earlier approach. Our constrained network optimization takes into account the dynamics of link performance within the network along with mission and operation requirements. A unique penalty function is introduced to transform the mixed integer programming into the more manageable problem of searching in a continuous space. The constrained optimization problem was proposed to solve in two stages: first using the heuristic Particle Swarming Optimization algorithm to get a good initial starting point, and then feeding the result into the Sequential Quadratic Programming algorithm to achieve the final optimal schedule. We demonstrate the above planning and scheduling methodology with a scenario of 20 spacecraft and 3 ground stations of a Deep Space Network site. Our approach and framework have been simple and flexible so that problems with larger number of constraints and network can be easily adapted and solved.

  2. Innovative Networking Concepts Tested on the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Friedman, Daniel; Gupta, Sonjai; Zhang, Chuanguo; Ephremides, Anthony

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes a program of experiments conducted over the advanced communications technology satellite (ACTS) and the associated TI-VSAT (very small aperture terminal). The experiments were motivated by the commercial potential of low-cost receive only satellite terminals that can operate in a hybrid network environment, and by the desire to demonstrate frame relay technology over satellite networks. The first experiment tested highly adaptive methods of satellite bandwidth allocation in an integrated voice-data service environment. The second involved comparison of forward error correction (FEC) and automatic repeat request (ARQ) methods of error control for satellite communication with emphasis on the advantage that a hybrid architecture provides, especially in the case of multicasts. Finally, the third experiment demonstrated hybrid access to databases and compared the performance of internetworking protocols for interconnecting local area networks (LANs) via satellite. A custom unit termed frame relay access switch (FRACS) was developed by COMSAT Laboratories for these experiments; the preparation and conduct of these experiments involved a total of 20 people from the University of Maryland, the University of Colorado and COMSAT Laboratories, from late 1992 until 1995.

  3. Preliminary Measurement of Communication Rates on the Cray T3D Interprocessor Network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Springer, Paul; Peterson, John; Numrich, Robert

    1993-01-01

    None given.(from task description): Objectives: test the communication network, determine how communication rates scale with message size, test the effect of contention, show the effect of contention.

  4. BOULDER AREA SUSTAINABILITY INFORMATION NETWORK (BASIN)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The primary goal of the Boulder Area Sustainability Information Network (BASIN) is to help citizens make meaningful connections between environmental data and their day-to-day activities and facilitate involvement in public policy development. Objectives include:

      ...

    • Building oceanographic and atmospheric observation networks by composition: unmanned vehicles, communication networks, and planning and execution control frameworks

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Sousa, J. T.; Pinto, J.; Martins, R.; Costa, M.; Ferreira, F.; Gomes, R.

      2014-12-01

      The problem of developing mobile oceanographic and atmospheric observation networks (MOAO) with coordinated air and ocean vehicles is discussed in the framework of the communications and control software tool chain developed at Underwater Systems and Technologies Laboratory (LSTS) from Porto University. This is done with reference to field experiments to illustrate key capabilities and to assess future MOAO operations. First, the motivation for building MOAO by "composition" of air and ocean vehicles, communication networks, and planning and execution control frameworks is discussed - in networked vehicle systems information and commands are exchanged among multiple vehicles and operators, and the roles, relative positions, and dependencies of these vehicles and operators change during operations. Second, the planning and execution control framework developed at LSTS for multi-vehicle systems is discussed with reference to key concepts such as autonomy, mixed-initiative interactions, and layered organization. Third, the LSTS tool software tool chain is presented to show how to develop MOAO by composition. The tool chain comprises the Neptus command and control framework for mixed initiative interactions, the underlying IMC messaging protocol, and the DUNE on-board software. Fourth, selected LSTS operational deployments illustrate MOAO capability building. In 2012 we demonstrated the use of UAS to "ferry" data from UUVs located beyond line of sight (BLOS). In 2013 we demonstrated coordinated observations of coastal fronts with small UAS and UUVs, "bent" BLOS through the use of UAS as communication relays, and UAS tracking of juvenile hammer-head sharks. In 2014 we demonstrated UUV adaptive sampling with the closed loop controller of the UUV residing on a UAS; this was done with the help of a Wave Glider ASV with a communications gateway. The results from these experiments provide a background for assessing potential future UAS operations in a compositional MOAO.

    • A personal communications network using a Ka-band satellite

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Palmer, Larry C.; Laborde, Enrique; Stern, Alan; Sohn, Philip Y.

      1992-01-01

      The feasibility of a personal communications network using portable terminals that can provide 4.8-kb/s voice communications to a hub station via a Ka-band geosynchronous satellite has been investigated. Tradeoffs are examined so that the combined system of hub and gateway earth stations, the satellite, and the personal terminals can provide a competitive service in terms of cost, availability, and quality. A baseline system that uses a spacecraft with approximately 140 spot beams to cover the contiguous US (CONUS) and 5-W power amplifiers in each beam is described. Satellite access in both the forward and return directions uses frequency-division multiple-access/code-division multiple-access (FDMA/CDMA) with a chip rate of 2.5 Mchip/s.

    • Secure and Authenticated Data Communication in Wireless Sensor Networks

      PubMed Central

      Alfandi, Omar; Bochem, Arne; Kellner, Ansgar; Göge, Christian; Hogrefe, Dieter

      2015-01-01

      Securing communications in wireless sensor networks is increasingly important as the diversity of applications increases. However, even today, it is equally important for the measures employed to be energy efficient. For this reason, this publication analyzes the suitability of various cryptographic primitives for use in WSNs according to various criteria and, finally, describes a modular, PKI-based framework for confidential, authenticated, secure communications in which most suitable primitives can be employed. Due to the limited capabilities of common WSN motes, criteria for the selection of primitives are security, power efficiency and memory requirements. The implementation of the framework and the singular components have been tested and benchmarked in our testbed of IRISmotes. PMID:26266413

    • Secure and Authenticated Data Communication in Wireless Sensor Networks.

      PubMed

      Alfandi, Omar; Bochem, Arne; Kellner, Ansgar; Göge, Christian; Hogrefe, Dieter

      2015-01-01

      Securing communications in wireless sensor networks is increasingly important as the diversity of applications increases. However, even today, it is equally important for the measures employed to be energy efficient. For this reason, this publication analyzes the suitability of various cryptographic primitives for use in WSNs according to various criteria and, finally, describes a modular, PKI-based framework for confidential, authenticated, secure communications in which most suitable primitives can be employed. Due to the limited capabilities of common WSN motes, criteria for the selection of primitives are security, power efficiency and memory requirements. The implementation of the framework and the singular components have been tested and benchmarked in our testbed of IRISmotes. PMID:26266413

    • 20/30 GHz satellite personal communications networks

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Palmer, L. C.; Stern, A.; Sohn, P. Y.

      1992-01-01

      The feasibility of personal communications networks that can provide 4.8-kbps voice communications between portable terminals and a hub station via a Ka-band geosynchronous satellite has been investigated. Tradeoffs are examined so that the combined system of hub and gateway earth stations, the satellite, and the personal terminals can provide a competitive service in terms of cost, availability, and quality. A baseline system is described using a spacecraft with approximately 140 spot beams that cover CONUS with 5-watt power amplifiers in each beam. Satellite access in both the forward and return directions uses frequency division multiple access/code division multiple access with a chip rate of 2.5 Mchip/sec.

    • What does Big Data tell? Sampling the social network by communication channels

      E-print Network

      Török, János; Jo, Hang-Hyun; Kertész, János; Kaski, Kimmo

      2015-01-01

      Big Data has become the primary source of understanding the structure and dynamics of the society at large scale. The network of social interactions can be considered as a multiplex, where each layer corresponds to one communication channel and the aggregate of all them constitutes the entire social network. However, usually one has information only about one of the channels, which should be considered as a sample of the whole. Here we show by simulations and analytical methods that this sampling may lead to bias. For example, while it is expected that the degree distribution of the whole social network has a maximum at a value larger than one, we get with reasonable assumptions about the sampling process a monotonously decreasing distribution as observed in empirical studies of single channel data. Also we find, that assortativity may occur or get strengthened due to the sampling process. We analyze the far-reaching consequences of our findings.

    • Doctor–Patient Communication About Cancer-Related Internet Information

      PubMed Central

      BYLUND, CARMA L.; GUEGUEN, JENNIFER A.; D'AGOSTINO, THOMAS A.; LI, YUELIN; SONET, ELLEN

      2015-01-01

      This article explores the effect of doctor–patient communication about cancer-related Internet information on self-reported outcomes. Two hundred and thirty cancer patients and caregivers completed an online survey regarding their experiences searching for and discussing with their doctors cancer-related Internet information. Participants who assertively introduced the Internet information in a consultation were more likely to have their doctor agree with the information. When doctors showed interest and involvement and took the information seriously, participants were less likely to report a desire to change the doctor's response. Taking the information seriously was also associated with greater satisfaction. This preliminary evidence that the doctor's response is associated with patient outcomes indicates the potential for improving patient-centered communication. In an effort to maximize patient-centered communication, doctors should be encouraged to take their patients and the information they present seriously, as well as show their patients that they are interested and involved. PMID:20391071

    • Maximizing Information Diffusion in the Cyber-physical Integrated Network.

      PubMed

      Lu, Hongliang; Lv, Shaohe; Jiao, Xianlong; Wang, Xiaodong; Liu, Juan

      2015-01-01

      Nowadays, our living environment has been embedded with smart objects, such as smart sensors, smart watches and smart phones. They make cyberspace and physical space integrated by their abundant abilities of sensing, communication and computation, forming a cyber-physical integrated network. In order to maximize information diffusion in such a network, a group of objects are selected as the forwarding points. To optimize the selection, a minimum connected dominating set (CDS) strategy is adopted. However, existing approaches focus on minimizing the size of the CDS, neglecting an important factor: the weight of links. In this paper, we propose a distributed maximizing the probability of information diffusion (DMPID) algorithm in the cyber-physical integrated network. Unlike previous approaches that only consider the size of CDS selection, DMPID also considers the information spread probability that depends on the weight of links. To weaken the effects of excessively-weighted links, we also present an optimization strategy that can properly balance the two factors. The results of extensive simulation show that DMPID can nearly double the information diffusion probability, while keeping a reasonable size of selection with low overhead in different distributed networks. PMID:26569254

    • Estimating interevent time distributions from finite observation periods in communication networks

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Kivelä, Mikko; Porter, Mason A.

      2015-11-01

      A diverse variety of processes—including recurrent disease episodes, neuron firing, and communication patterns among humans—can be described using interevent time (IET) distributions. Many such processes are ongoing, although event sequences are only available during a finite observation window. Because the observation time window is more likely to begin or end during long IETs than during short ones, the analysis of such data is susceptible to a bias induced by the finite observation period. In this paper, we illustrate how this length bias is born and how it can be corrected without assuming any particular shape for the IET distribution. To do this, we model event sequences using stationary renewal processes, and we formulate simple heuristics for determining the severity of the bias. To illustrate our results, we focus on the example of empirical communication networks, which are temporal networks that are constructed from communication events. The IET distributions of such systems guide efforts to build models of human behavior, and the variance of IETs is very important for estimating the spreading rate of information in networks of temporal interactions. We analyze several well-known data sets from the literature, and we find that the resulting bias can lead to systematic underestimates of the variance in the IET distributions and that correcting for the bias can lead to qualitatively different results for the tails of the IET distributions.

    • 77 FR 24490 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-04-24

      ...Herman, Federal Communications Commission, via the...and 621(d) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended...Alert and Response Network (WARN) Act, Public...109-347, the Federal Communications Commission...

    • 77 FR 16837 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission Under Delegated...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-03-22

      ...3520), the Federal Communications Commission invites the general...Judith B. Herman, Federal Communications Commission, via the Internet...all the basic underlying network services that are provided...own payphones. Federal Communications Commission. Bulah P....

    • Multi-photon quantum communication in quantum networks

      E-print Network

      Wei Qin; Chuan Wang; Ye Cao; Gui Lu Long

      2015-03-17

      We propose and analyze a multiphoton-state coherent transport protocol in a coupled-resonator quantum network. A multiphoton swap gate between two antipodes can be achieved with neither external modulation nor coupling strength engineering. Moreover, we extend this result to a coupled-resonator chain of arbitrary length with different coupling strengths. Effects of decoherence via quantum nondemolition interaction are studied with sources including vacuum quantum fluctuation and bath thermal excitations when the bath is in the thermal equilibrium state. These observations are helpful to understand the decoherence effects on quantum communication in quantum coupled-resonator systems.

    • Telemedicine in Australia. 2: The Health Communication Network.

      PubMed

      Alexander, M

      1996-01-01

      The Health Communication Network (HCN) in Australia is reviewed. Early interest from both the government and the medical community led to the establishment of a number of pilot services. Because of the community interest in privacy issues, determined efforts to understand and build structures to cope with privacy have been made. The first HCN services began to be tested in 1995, and progressive expansion is planned. The HCN, while supported by the government, is a separate, commercial entity, and much early work has thus focused on corporate governance, so that it will be able to do what it was designed for. PMID:9375035

    • Inter-organisational communication networks in healthcare: centralised versus decentralised approaches

      PubMed Central

      Pirnejad, Habibollah; Bal, Roland; Stoop, Arjen P.; Berg, Marc

      2007-01-01

      Background To afford efficient and high quality care, healthcare providers increasingly need to exchange patient data. The existence of a communication network amongst care providers will help them to exchange patient data more efficiently. Information and communication technology (ICT) has much potential to facilitate the development of such a communication network. Moreover, in order to offer integrated care interoperability of healthcare organizations based upon the exchanged data is of crucial importance. However, complications around such a development are beyond technical impediments. Objectives To determine the challenges and complexities involved in building an Inter-organisational Communication network (IOCN) in healthcare and the appropriations in the strategies. Case study Interviews, literature review, and document analysis were conducted to analyse the developments that have taken place toward building a countrywide electronic patient record and its challenges in The Netherlands. Due to the interrelated nature of technical and non-technical problems, a socio-technical approach was used to analyse the data and define the challenges. Results Organisational and cultural changes are necessary before technical solutions can be applied. There are organisational, financial, political, and ethicolegal challenges that have to be addressed appropriately. Two different approaches, one “centralised” and the other “decentralised” have been used by Dutch healthcare providers to adopt the necessary changes and cope with these challenges. Conclusion The best solutions in building an IOCN have to be drawn from both the centralised and the decentralised approaches. Local communication initiatives have to be supervised and supported centrally and incentives at the organisations' interest level have to be created to encourage the stakeholder organisations to adopt the necessary changes. PMID:17627296

    • Nanoscale molecular communication networks: a game-theoretic perspective

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Jiang, Chunxiao; Chen, Yan; Ray Liu, K. J.

      2015-12-01

      Currently, communication between nanomachines is an important topic for the development of novel devices. To implement a nanocommunication system, diffusion-based molecular communication is considered as a promising bio-inspired approach. Various technical issues about molecular communications, including channel capacity, noise and interference, and modulation and coding, have been studied in the literature, while the resource allocation problem among multiple nanomachines has not been well investigated, which is a very important issue since all the nanomachines share the same propagation medium. Considering the limited computation capability of nanomachines and the expensive information exchange cost among them, in this paper, we propose a game-theoretic framework for distributed resource allocation in nanoscale molecular communication systems. We first analyze the inter-symbol and inter-user interference, as well as bit error rate performance, in the molecular communication system. Based on the interference analysis, we formulate the resource allocation problem as a non-cooperative molecule emission control game, where the Nash equilibrium is found and proved to be unique. In order to improve the system efficiency while guaranteeing fairness, we further model the resource allocation problem using a cooperative game based on the Nash bargaining solution, which is proved to be proportionally fair. Simulation results show that the Nash bargaining solution can effectively ensure fairness among multiple nanomachines while achieving comparable social welfare performance with the centralized scheme.

    • Community First Communication: Reversing Information Disparities to Achieve Environmental Justice.

      PubMed

      Emmett, Edward A; Desai, Chintan

      2010-09-01

      We address how information developed and effectively communicated through community based participatory research (CBPR) can reverse long-standing information disparities, empower a community, and be an agent for sustained change. Substantial information and power disparities existed between the polluted community and both the pollution industry and governmental regulators. An environmental justice partnership between a local community organization, physicians, and university performed CBPR and then developed a novel communication strategy to address a series of information disparities around a local water pollution issue. The community established a set of principles to govern the communication of results as soon as they were determined to be scientifically valid, including informing study participants and the community before other interested parties. CBPR results combined with a community-first communication strategy reversed the preexisting information disparities. The novel communication flow reversed the preferential information flow to industry and government associated with the usual scientific publication process. The community was empowered, and industry and government agencies responded positively to study recommendations. The CBPR results together with community first communication led to adoption of both community-wide and individual solutions and provided powerful motivation for behavioral change by industry and residents. PMID:21546988

  1. ACTS TDMA network control. [Advanced Communication Technology Satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Inukai, T.; Campanella, S. J.

    1984-01-01

    This paper presents basic network control concepts for the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) System. Two experimental systems, called the low-burst-rate and high-burst-rate systems, along with ACTS ground system features, are described. The network control issues addressed include frame structures, acquisition and synchronization procedures, coordinated station burst-time plan and satellite-time plan changes, on-board clock control based on ground drift measurements, rain fade control by means of adaptive forward-error-correction (FEC) coding and transmit power augmentation, and reassignment of channel capacities on demand. The NASA ground system, which includes a primary station, diversity station, and master control station, is also described.

  2. 47 CFR 64.2009 - Safeguards required for use of customer proprietary network information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information. (a) Telecommunications carriers must implement a system by which the status of a customer's CPNI... the previous calendar year. (f) Carriers must provide written notice within five business days to the... proprietary network information. 64.2009 Section 64.2009 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS...

  3. Single Database Private Information Retrieval with Logarithmic Communication

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Single Database Private Information Retrieval with Logarithmic Communication Yan-Cheng Chang of single database private information retrieval, and present schemes with only logarithmic server database private information retrieval (1dPIR) is a cryptographic protocol between a database server, who

  4. Single Database Private Information Retrieval with Logarithmic Communication

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Single Database Private Information Retrieval with Logarithmic Communication Yan­Cheng Chang of single database private information retrieval, and present schemes with only logarithmic server Single database private information retrieval (1dPIR) is a cryptographic protocol between a database

  5. Defining Information Needs of Computer Users: A Human Communication Problem.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimbrough, Kenneth L.

    This exploratory investigation of the process of defining the information needs of computer users and the impact of that process on information retrieval focuses on communication problems. Six sites were visited that used computers to process data or to provide information, including the California Department of Transportation, the California…

  6. QoS-driven adaptive resource allocation for mobile wireless communications and networks 

    E-print Network

    Tang, Jia

    2009-05-15

    Quality-of-service (QoS) guarantees will play a critically important role in future mobile wireless networks. In this dissertation, we study a set of QoS-driven resource allocation problems for mobile wireless communications and networks...

  7. Computational Mechanism Design for Information Fusion within Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Roberts, Stephen

    information fusion sensor network sce- nario. Keywords: sensor network, information economy, multi- agent science, game theory and economics, to engineer sensor networks with predictable and desirable proper efficient use of a limited global resource (in this

  8. Time optimal information transfer in spintronics networks

    E-print Network

    Frank Langbein; Sophie Schirmer; Edmond Jonckheere

    2015-08-04

    Propagation of information encoded in spin degrees of freedom through networks of coupled spins enables important applications in spintronics and quantum information processing. We study control of information propagation in networks of spin-$\\tfrac{1}{2}$ particles with uniform nearest neighbour couplings forming a ring with a single excitation in the network as simple prototype of a router for spin-based information. Specifically optimising spatially distributed potentials, which remain constant during information transfer, simplifies the implementation of the routing scheme. However, the limited degrees of freedom makes finding a control that maximises the transfer probability in a short time difficult. We show that the structure of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors must fulfill a specific condition to be able to maximise the transfer fidelity, and demonstrate that a specific choice among the many potential structures that fulfill this condition significantly improves the solutions found by optimal control.

  9. Communication in Change - Voice over IP in Safety and Security Critical Communication Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeilinger, Heimo; Sevcik, Berndt; Turek, Thomas; Zucker, Gerhard

    During the last decade communication technology has changed rapidly. Due to its decreasing costs and rising expansion, IP (Internet Protocol) technology has found its way to areas that have long been the domain of public-switched telephone networks (PSTN). Voice over IP (VoIP) applications are widely used not only for phone calls or common Internet conferences, but also tend to be used for safety critical communication applications. Hence security and safety topics arise, which pose new challenges in this area of research. The authors are convinced that new issues on the network layer as well as on the application layer require detailed analysis. Hence this paper gives an overview on latest developments in this area, and states the authors’ view on this topic. Thereby safety and security issues are faced from different abstraction layers. On the one hand the network layer and on the other hand the application layer focusing on middleware systems in the area of service oriented architectures (SOAs).

  10. A Very Large Area Network (VLAN) knowledge-base applied to space communication problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zander, Carol S.

    1988-01-01

    This paper first describes a hierarchical model for very large area networks (VLAN). Space communication problems whose solution could profit by the model are discussed and then an enhanced version of this model incorporating the knowledge needed for the missile detection-destruction problem is presented. A satellite network or VLAN is a network which includes at least one satellite. Due to the complexity, a compromise between fully centralized and fully distributed network management has been adopted. Network nodes are assigned to a physically localized group, called a partition. Partitions consist of groups of cell nodes with one cell node acting as the organizer or master, called the Group Master (GM). Coordinating the group masters is a Partition Master (PM). Knowledge is also distributed hierarchically existing in at least two nodes. Each satellite node has a back-up earth node. Knowledge must be distributed in such a way so as to minimize information loss when a node fails. Thus the model is hierarchical both physically and informationally.

  11. Information transfer in community structured multiplex networks

    E-print Network

    Solé-Ribalta, Albert; Gómez, Sergio; Arenas, Alex

    2015-01-01

    The study of complex networks that account for different types of interactions has become a subject of interest in the last few years, specially because its representational power in the description of users interactions in diverse online social platforms (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc.). The mathematical description of these interacting networks has been coined under the name of multilayer networks, where each layer accounts for a type of interaction. It has been shown that diffusive processes on top of these networks present a phenomenology that cannot be explained by the naive superposition of single layer diffusive phenomena but require the whole structure of interconnected layers. Nevertheless, the description of diffusive phenomena on multilayer networks has obviated the fact that social networks have strong mesoscopic structure represented by different communities of individuals driven by common interests, or any other social aspect. In this work, we study the transfer of information in multilayer ...

  12. 76 FR 41255 - Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ...for interstate and foreign communications services all charges, credits...64.804(g) requires communications common carriers with operating...for interstate and foreign communication services. The information...office candidates. Federal Communications Commission. Bulah P....

  13. Communication inequalities and public health implications of adult social networking site use in the United States.

    PubMed

    Kontos, Emily Z; Emmons, Karen M; Puleo, Elaine; Viswanath, K

    2010-01-01

    Social media, and specifically social networking sites (SNSs), are emerging as an important platform for communication and health information exchange. Yet, despite the increase in popularity and use, only a limited number of empirical studies document which segments of the adult population are and are not using social networking sites and with what, if any, affect on health. The purpose of this study is to identify potential communication inequalities in social networking site use among a representative sample of U.S. adults and to examine the association between SNS use and psychological well-being. We analyzed data from the National Cancer Institute's 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Thirty-five percent of online adults reported SNS use within the past 12 months, and there were no significant differences in SNS use by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic position. Younger age (p = .00) was the most significant predictor of SNS use, while being married (p = .02) and having a history of cancer (p = .02) were associated with a decreased odds of SNS use. SNS use was significantly associated with a 0.80 (p = .00) increment in psychological distress score after controlling for other factors. The absence of inequalities in adult SNS use across race/ethnicity and class offers some support for the continued use of social media to promote public health efforts; however, issues such as the persisting digital divide and potential deleterious effects of SNS use on psychological well-being need to be addressed. PMID:21154095

  14. Dynamic behavior of shortest path routing algorithms for communication networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bertsekas, D. P.

    1980-06-01

    Several proposed routing algorithms for store and forward communication networks, including one currently in operation in the ARPANET, route messages along shortest paths computed by using some set of link lengths. When these lengths depend on current traffic conditions as they must in an adaptive algorithm, dynamic behavior questions such as stability convergence, and speed of convergence are of interest. This paper is the first attempt to analyze systematically these issues. It is shown that minimum queuing delay path algorithms tend to exhibit violent oscillatory behavior in the absence of a damping mechanism. The oscillations can be damped by means of several types of schemes, two of which are analyzed in this paper. In the first scheme a constant bias is added to the queuing delay thereby providing a preference towards paths with a small number of links. In the second scheme the effects of several past routings are averaged as, for example, when the link lengths are computed and communicated asynchronously throughout the network.

  15. PCTCP: Per-Circuit TCP-over-IPsec Transport for Anonymous Communication Overlay Networks

    E-print Network

    Goldberg, Ian

    . To evaluate our work, we focus on the Tor network, the most popular low-latency anonymity network, which provided by PCTCP in an isolated testbed and on the live Tor network. We ascertained that significantPCTCP: Per-Circuit TCP-over-IPsec Transport for Anonymous Communication Overlay Networks Mashael Al

  16. Protecting Personal Information on Social Networking Sites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallant, David T.

    2011-01-01

    Almost everyone uses social networking sites like Facebook, MySpace, and LinkedIn. Since Facebook is the most popular site in the history of the Internet, this article will focus on how one can protect his/her personal information and how that extends to protecting the private information of others.

  17. SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION NETWORK (STN INTERNATIONAL)

    EPA Science Inventory

    STN International (the Scientific and Technical Information Network) offers both a fee based online search service that provides accurate, up-to-date, specific information from over 200 scientific, technical, business, and patent databases, and also fee based WWW access to select...

  18. Distributing Executive Information Systems through Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penrod, James I.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Many colleges and universities will soon adopt distributed systems for executive information and decision support. Distribution of shared information through computer networks will improve decision-making processes dramatically on campuses. Critical success factors include administrative support, favorable organizational climate, ease of use,…

  19. Applications of Evolutionary Technology to Information and Communication Systems: State-of-the Art Survey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsujimura, Yasuhiro; Lin, Lin; Gen, Mitsuo

    Many real-world problems from information and communication systems are very complex in nature and quite hard to solve by conventional optimization techniques. Since 1960s, there has been being an increasing interest in imitating living beings to solve such kinds of hard optimization problems. Simulating natural evolutionary process of human beings results in stochastic optimization techniques called evolutionary algorithms (EAs) that can often outperform conventional optimization methods when applied to difficult real-world problems. In this survey paper, we provide a comprehensive survey of the current state-of-the-art in the applications of EA in information and communication systems. In order to demonstrate the EAs which are powerful and broadly applicable stochastic search and optimization techniques, we deal with the following application areas: communication network, system reliability, image processing, pattern recognition, circuit system, security, and intelligent transportation system.

  20. An integrated multimedia medical information network system.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, K; Makino, J; Sasagawa, N; Nagira, M

    1998-01-01

    An integrated multimedia medical information network system at Shimane Medical university has been developed to organize medical information generated from each section and provide information services useful for education, research and clinical practice. The report describes the outline of our system. It is designed to serve as a distributed database for electronic medical records and images. We are developing the MML engine that is to be linked to the world wide web (WWW) network system. To the users, this system will present an integrated multimedia representation of the patient records, providing access to both the image and text-based data required for an effective clinical decision making and medical education. PMID:10384445