These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Information Dissemination  

Cancer.gov

The Health Program Extension Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-538) Neither the House nor the Senate made comments regarding information dissemination. The Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-158) Neither the House nor the Senate made comments regarding information dissemination.

2

Transparent Information Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes Transparent Replication through Invalidation and Prefetching (TRIP<\\/I>), a self tuning data replication middleware system that enables transparent replication of large-scale information dissemination services. The TRIP middleware is a key building block for constructing information dissemination<\\/I> services, a class of services where updates occur at an origin server and reads occur at a number of replicas; examples information

Amol Nayate; Michael Dahlin; Arun Iyengar

2004-01-01

3

Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among information providers is a key element in effective information dissemination. The

Htun Naing Oo; Pitch Sutheerawatthana; Takayuki Minato

2010-01-01

4

Recruiting Teachers Online: Marketing Strategies and Information Dissemination Practices of UK-Based Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the websites of 43 UK-based agencies that are recruiting teachers in South Africa and other countries finds that important information about what to expect often is missing. An analysis of the marketing strategies shows that agencies overall are promising schools thorough vetting of candidates and low fees, are promising prospective…

de Villiers, Rian; Books, Sue

2009-01-01

5

Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among…

Oo, Htun Naing; Sutheerawatthana, Pitch; Minato, Takayuki

2010-01-01

6

Large-Scale Cooperative Dissemination of Governmental Information in Emergency — An Experiment and Future Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the 11th of March, 2011, a massive earthquake hit the northeast region of Japan. The government of Japan needed to publish information regarding the earthquake and its influences. However, their capacity of Web services overflowed. They called the industry and academia for help for providing stable information service to the people. Industry and academia formed a team to answer the call and named themselves the “EQ project”. This paper describes how the EQ Project was organized and operated, and gives analyses of the statistics. An academic organization took the lead in the EQ Project. Ten organizations which consisted of commercial IT industry and academics specialized in Internet technology, were participating in the EQ Project and they structured the three clusters based on their relationships and technological approach. In WIDE Cluster, one of three clusters in the structure of EQ, the peak number of file accesses per day was over 90 thousand, the mobile browsers was 3.4% and foreign languages (translated contents) were referred 35%. We have also discussed the future information distribution strategies in emergency situation based on the experiences of the EQ Project, and proposed nine suggestions to the MEXT as a future strategy.

Horiba, Katsuhiro; Okawa, Keiko; Murai, Jun

7

Survey of international best practices in intellectual property information dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Information Branch of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) is responsible for disseminating information on intellectual property (IP) through its Outreach Program. As a basis for developing this program, CIPO engaged a consultant group to establish benchmarks against international best practices in IP awareness, promotion and education as part of a strategy to establish a strategic direction, or framework,

William MacDougall

2003-01-01

8

A Dissemination Strategy for Student Adoption of Internet Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adoption of new educational technologies usually requires a dissemination strategy as an explicit element in the design of a system. This paper reviews elements in a "student-driven" dissemination strategy for Internet services, based on experiences with "cleo" and "carmen," Internet hosts operated by Murdoch University (Australia). The objective…

Atkinson, Roger; Rehn, Geoff

9

Gay Emancipation and Information Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written and oral information strategies used by two gay groups in the Netherlands serve three functions: dissemination of information about homosexuality; contact--creation of a public presence; and signification--a broader conception of sexuality and gay emancipation. (SK)

Schedler, Petra

1996-01-01

10

Knowledge Management and Global Information Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper looked at knowledge management and global information dissemination. Knowledge is a very powerful tool for survival, growth and development. It can be seen as the information, understanding and skills that you gain through education or experience. The paper was addressed under the following sub-headings: Knowledge management knowledge…

Umunadi, Ejiwoke Kennedy

2014-01-01

11

Geothermal Information Dissemination and Outreach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Purpose ;\\u000a;\\u000aTo enhance technological and topical information transfer in support of industry and government efforts to increase geothermal energy use in the United States (power production, direct use, and geothermal groundsource heat pumps). ;\\u000a;\\u000aProject Work;\\u000a;\\u000aGRC 2003 Annual Meeting. The GRC convened the meeting on Oct. 12-15, 2003, at Morelia's Centro de Convenciones y

Ted J. Clutter

2005-01-01

12

Information, Vol. 1, Number 4. Teacher Corps Dissemination Project Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines are provided for disseminating information on teacher corps projects. Information is given on experienced disseminators such as existing networks that are available to help in planning. Suggestions are made on targeting information and marketing. (JD)

Rosenau, Fred S., Ed.

13

Geothermal Information Dissemination and Outreach  

SciTech Connect

Project Purpose To enhance technological and topical information transfer in support of industry and government efforts to increase geothermal energy use in the United States (power production, direct use, and geothermal groundsource heat pumps). Project Work GRC 2003 Annual Meeting. The GRC convened the meeting on Oct. 12-15, 2003, at Morelia's Centro de Convenciones y ExpoCentro in Mexico under the theme, International Collaboration for Geothermal Energy in the Americas. The event was also sponsored by the Comision Federal de Electricidad. ~600 participants from more than 20 countries attended the event. The GRC convened a Development of Geothermal Projects Workshop and Geothermal Exploration Techniques Workshop. GRC Field Trips included Los Azufres and Paricutin Volcano on Oct. 11. The Geothermal Energy Association (Washington, DC) staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Annual Meeting Opening Session was convened on Oct. 13, and included the governor of Michoacan, the Mexico Assistant Secretary of Energy, CFE Geothermal Division Director, DOE Geothermal Program Manager, and private sector representatives. The 2003 Annual Meeting attracted 160 papers for oral and poster presentations. GRC 2004. Under the theme, Geothermal - The Reliable Renewable, the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting convened on Aug. 29-Sept. 1, 2004, at the Hyatt Grand Champions Resort at Indian Wells, CA. Estimated total attendance (including Trade Show personnel, guests and accompanying persons) was ~700. The event included a workshop, Geothermal Production Well Pump Installation, Operation and Maintenance. Field trips went to Coso/Mammoth and Imperial Valley/Salton Sea geothermal fields. The event Opening Session featured speakers from the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the private sector. The Geothermal Energy Association staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Geothermal Education Office staged its Geothermal Energy Workshop. Several local radio and TV station interviews were conducted during the event. Technical Program included 136 technical papers. All were published in Volume 28 of the GRC Transactions. Volume 28, GRC Transactions Pblished as a high-quality, durable casebound volume, Volume 28 of the Transactions published 119 out of 136 technical papers (692 pp) presented at the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting. The papers were submitted by geothermal experts and professionals from around the world. The papers were reviewed over a 2-day period by 25 volunteer (in-kind) geothermal experts from the private sector and DOE National Laboratories. GRC staff received and cataloged the papers, and maintained interaction with authors for revisions and corrections. DOE Geothermal Technologies Newsletter The Office of Geothermal Technologies quarterly newsletter, Geothermal Technologies, is produced at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This 2-color, 4- to 16-page newsletter summarizes federal geothermal research and development projects and other DOE geothermal news. The GRC receives newsletter disk copy and color-key proof from NREL for each newsletter, then follows through with print production and distribution. Circulation is 1,000 per issue (plus 300 copies of the newsletter shipped to NREL for internal and public distribution). During the project period, the GRC printed, stitched and bound the Geothermal Technologies newsletter into the Sept/Oct 2003, Jan/Feb 2004, and May/June 2004 editions of the GRC Bulletin. Multiple copies (300) of the newsletter sans magazine were provided to NREL for internal DOE distribution. GRC Geothermal Research Library The GRC has built the largest and most comprehensive library in the world devoted to geothermal energy. The GRC Geothermal Library provides rapid accessibility to the majority of technical literature crafted over the past 30 years, and preserves hard copy and on-line databases for future use by geothermal researchers and developers. A bibliography for over half of the physical library's citations is available through keyword search on the GRC web site (www.geothe

Ted J. Clutter, Geothermal Resources Council Executive Director

2005-02-18

14

Geothermal Energy Information Dissemination and Outreach  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to continue on-going work by the Geo-Heat Center to develop and disseminate information; provide educational materials; develop short courses and workshops; maintain a comprehensive geothermal resource database; respond to inquiries from the public, industry and government; provide engineering, economic and environmental information and analysis on geothermal technology to potential users and developers; and provide information on market opportunities for geothermal development. These efforts are directed towards increasing the utilization of geothermal energy in the US and developing countries, by means of electric power generation and direct-use.

Dr. John W. Lund

2005-12-31

15

Probabilistic Flooding for Efficient Information Dissemination in Random Graph  

E-print Network

Probabilistic Flooding for Efficient Information Dissemination in Random Graph Topologies 1 & Telecommunications, Athens, Greece Abstract Probabilistic flooding has been frequently considered as a suitable) flooding approaches that are used to disseminate globally information in unstructured peer

Stavrakakis, Ioannis

16

Toward intelligent spatial information dissemination based on user profile model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatial information dissemination is a necessary step to make use of spatial information for which is a bridge between the acquirement and the application of spatial information. However, conventional methods of spatial information dissemination cannot cater to users in that not only users' personalized requirements cannot be satisfied, but initiative dissemination service cannot be provided. In this paper, the idea of intelligent spatial information dissemination (ISD) is proposed. Combining the ideas of personalized information retrieval, information filtering and recommender systems, the ISD system employs user profiles and query conditions to provide two implement ways of spatial information disseminations, namely "pull" and "push". Then, the three layers architecture of intelligent spatial information dissemination system based on user profile model is given, and the procedure of data in the ISD system is introduced. Also, the user profile is presented including user profile model and user profile management. Finally, the prototype system of intelligent spatial information dissemination is presented.

Xia, Yu; Zhu, Xinyan; Zhang, Chunlin; He, Jie

2008-12-01

17

Information Dissemination, Information Overload and Decision Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis of 31 experiments reported in 18 empirical bankruptcy prediction studies was conducted to test the effect of two information dimensions: information diversity and information repetitiveness. Results indicated that both information dimensions have an adverse impact on decision quality: provision of either diverse or repeated…

Hwang, Mark I.; Lin, Jerry W.

1999-01-01

18

Hydrogen Technical Analysis -- Dissemination of Information  

SciTech Connect

SENTECH is a small energy and environmental consulting firm providing technical, analytical, and communications solutions to technology management issues. The activities proposed by SENTECH focused on gathering and developing communications materials and information, and various dissemination activities to present the benefits of hydrogen energy to a broad audience while at the same time establishing permanent communications channels to enable continued two-way dialog with these audiences in future years. Effective communications and information dissemination is critical to the acceptance of new technology. Hydrogen technologies face the additional challenge of safety preconceptions formed primarily as a result of the crash of the Hindenburg. Effective communications play a key role in all aspects of human interaction, and will help to overcome the perceptual barriers, whether of safety, economics, or benefits. As originally proposed SENTECH identified three distinct information dissemination activities to address three distinct but important audiences; these formed the basis for the task structure used in phases 1 and 2. The tasks were: (1) Print information--Brochures that target the certain segment of the population and will be distributed via relevant technical conferences and traditional distribution channels. (2) Face-to-face meetings--With industries identified to have a stake in hydrogen energy. The three industry audiences are architect/engineering firms, renewable energy firms, and energy companies that have not made a commitment to hydrogen (3) Educational Forums--The final audience is students--the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. SENTECH will expand on its previous educational work in this area. The communications activities proposed by SENTECH and completed as a result of this cooperative agreement was designed to compliment the research and development work funded by the DOE by presenting the technical achievements and validations of hydrogen energy technologies to non-traditional audiences. These activities were also designed to raise the visibility of the DOE Hydrogen Program to new audiences and to help the program continue to advance its mission and vision. We believe that the work conducted under this cooperative agreement was successful at meeting the objectives presented and funded over the period of performance. During Phase 1, SENTECHs activities resulted in the development and distribution of two glossy brochures that target the on-site distributed generation and public transit markets for hydrogen energy technologies; face-to-face industry outreach meetings with various firms with an interest in hydrogen energy, but who may not have made a commitment to be involved; and implementation of two educational forums on hydrogen for students - the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. The educational forums were conducted with in-kind cost-shared contributions from NHA and Dr. Robert Reeves, Professor Emeritus, Rensealler During Phase 2, SENTECH activities initially were focused on the development of additional brochures and the development of a series of training modules. This set of information dissemination activities built on the experience demonstrated in our phase one activities, and focused the effort within two critical issue areas facing the development of hydrogen as an energy carrier--effective communications and information dissemination on codes and standards. SENTECH joined with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to scope out the training modules and identified a series of 12 that could be used to train a variety of audiences. The NFPA is an international nonprofit corporation, which has developed a reputation as a worldwide leader in providing fire, electrical, and life safety to the public since 1896. Its membership totals more than 75,000 individuals from around the world and in more than 80 national trade and professional organizations.

George Kervitsky, Jr.

2006-03-20

19

32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

2010-07-01

20

Education and dissemination strategies of photoactuation as a novel phenomenon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the current information age, scientists and educators are urged to disseminate scientific findings in a prompt manner for increased public acceptance, later on, in the market place. Customer acceptance of highly novel technologies is an education-driven effort that requires attention early-on during the stage of technology development. Prompt attention is particularly needed in technologies where nanoparticles are employed, such as those being developed within the Nano- Optical Mechanical Systems (NOMS) project. Another driving force to disseminate photoactuation is to generate interest and curiosity amongst the K-12 population that could eventually lead to increased enrollment of students in the physical sciences. In this paper, we present a work plan for the dissemination of photoactuation to society at large; from K-12 to the general public. The work plan will be designed in accordance with the logic model, following indications of the National Academy of Sciences, and will include a proposal for evaluating translational research following a process marker model.

Campo, E. M.; Wenn, D.; Ramos, I.; Esteve, J.; Mamojka, B.; Terentjev, E. M.

2011-10-01

21

48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Dissemination of information-educational institutions...235-70 Dissemination of information—educational institutions...clause: Dissemination of Information—Educational Institutions...presented to professional societies do not require the...

2010-10-01

22

48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Dissemination of information-educational institutions...242-70 Dissemination of information—educational institutions...clause: Dissemination of Information—Educational Institutions...presented to professional societies do not require the...

2010-10-01

23

24 CFR 81.45 - Obtaining and disseminating information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Fair Housing § 81.45 Obtaining and disseminating information. (a) The Secretary shall obtain...

2012-04-01

24

24 CFR 81.45 - Obtaining and disseminating information.  

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Fair Housing § 81.45 Obtaining and disseminating information. (a) The Secretary shall obtain...

2014-04-01

25

49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. 831...NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES...13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information....

2012-10-01

26

49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. 831...NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES...13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information....

2011-10-01

27

49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. 831...NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES...13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information....

2010-10-01

28

Efficient Filtering of XML Documents for Selective Dissemination of Information  

E-print Network

Dissemination applications are gaining in- creasing popularity due to dramatic improvements in communications stock and sports tickers, traffic information systems, electronic This research has been partially. In order to effectively target the right information to the right people, SDI systems rely upon user

California at Irvine, University of

29

Proceedings: Panel on Information Dissemination for Wind Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A program for coordinating and strengthening technical information activities related to the commercialization of solar energy research and development results is described. The program contains a project for each of the following technologies: biomass; ocean thermal energy conversion; photovoltaics; solar thermal power; and wind energy conversion systems. In addition to the production and dissemination of several types of information materials,

P. Weis

1980-01-01

30

Agent-Based Intelligent Information Dissemination in Dynamically Changing  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 Agent-Based Intelligent Information Dissemination in Dynamically Changing Environments H information needs according to the changes in the environment. The Anticipator employs two types of agents Agents watch for interesting changes in the environment and report such changes to the Profile Agents

Kansas, University of

31

Information Dissemination and Library Instruction in Psychology Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of both psychological and general science literature of the last decade reveals much discussion about paradigmatic change. In actuality, the process of information dissemination in psychology, with the reliance on peer-reviewed scholarly journals, shows little substantive difference. Faculty members in psychology, aware of students' computer sophistication, may overestimate ability to perform effective database searches and evaluate information critically.

Lyn Thaxton

2002-01-01

32

Information Dissemination and Technology Transfer in Telecommunications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a model of scientific and technical information transfer as a framework, this document focuses on four types of activities: the generation or authorship of telecommunications information and its publication, distribution, and use. Different forms of publication are considered in each functional area, though primary emphasis is on the…

Roderer, Nancy K.; King, Donald W.

33

The BLISS cluster randomised controlled trial of the effect of 'active dissemination of information' on standards of care for premature babies in England (BEADI) study protocol [ISRCTN89683698  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Gaps between research knowledge and practice have been consistently reported. Traditional ways of communicating information have limited impact on practice changes. Strategies to disseminate information need to be more interactive and based on techniques reported in systematic reviews of implementation of changes. There is a need for clarification as to which dissemination strategies work best to translate evidence into

Dominique Acolet; Kim Jelphs; Deborah Davidson; Edward Peck; Felicity Clemens; Rosie Houston; Michael Weindling; John Lavis; Diana Elbourne

2007-01-01

34

Electronic Dissemination of UN Agency Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights information, available electronically, about products and services by the United Nations (UN), UN Development Programme, High Commission for Refugees, UNICEF, Fund for Population Activities, Economic Commissions, Industrial Development Organization, International Labor Organization, UNESCO, Environment Program, World Meteorological…

Stratford, Jean Slemmons; Stratford, Juri

1997-01-01

35

Epidemic Information Dissemination in Distributed Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Easy to deploy, robust, and highly resilient to failures, epidemic algorithms are a potentially effective mechanism for propagating information in large peer-to-peer systems deployed on Internet or ad hoc networks. It is possible to adjust the parameters of epidemic algorithm to achieve high reliability despite process crashes and disconnections, packet losses, and a dynamic network topology. Although researchers have used

Patrick Th. Eugster; Rachid Guerraoui; Anne-marie Kermarrec; Laurent Massoulié

2004-01-01

36

Proceedings: panel on information dissemination for wind energy  

SciTech Connect

This meeting was called as part of a multi-year planning effort. Groups involved in the production and/or dissemination of information on wind energy were invited to describe their current activities and their perceptions of the needs of the 80's in this area. Participants exchanged copies of materials they distribute regularly and discussed frequently asked questions.

Weis, P. [ed.

1980-04-01

37

Web Systems That Disseminate Information But Protect Confidential Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe two Web-based query systems being developed by the National Institute of Statistical Sci- ences (NISS) that disseminate, in the form of statistical analyses, information derived from confidential databases, but protect the confidentiality of the data. Statistical agencies in the US and elsewhere have longstanding concern over confidentiality of their data. At the same time, agencies must also report

Alan F. Karr; Ashish P. Sanil

38

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

39

A Linkage Model for Dissemination: Assumptions, Strategies and Results. Research Monograph No. 24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the assumptions and strategies of the Laboratory School's Linkage Model and evaluates the results of the utilization of the model by focusing on the dissemination of a developmental individualized reading program over a three-year period. The dissemination process resulted in a large number of schools implementing the program,…

Corbett, Wellesley T., Jr.; Guttinger, Hellen I.

40

The Assumptions, Strategies and Results of a Linkage Model for Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The P. K. Yonge Laboratory School has adapted Havelock's linkage model which explains the knowledge, dissemination and utilization process of dissemination, and implementation of innovations. This study sought to describe the assumptions and strategies of the Laboratory School's Linkage Model and to evaluate the results of the model by focusing on…

Corbett, Wellesley T., Jr.; Guttinger, Hellen I.

41

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

...2014-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2014-07-01

42

Topology for efficient information dissemination in ad-hoc networking  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, we explore the information dissemination problem in ad-hoc wirless networks. First, we analyze the probability of successful broadcast, assuming: the nodes are uniformly distributed, the available area has a lower bould relative to the total number of nodes, and there is zero knowledge of the overall topology of the network. By showing that the probability of such events is small, we are motivated to extract good graph topologies to minimize the overall transmissions. Three algorithms are used to generate topologies of the network with guaranteed connectivity. These are the minimum radius graph, the relative neighborhood graph and the minimum spanning tree. Our simulation shows that the relative neighborhood graph has certain good graph properties, which makes it suitable for efficient information dissemination.

Jennings, E.; Okino, C. M.

2002-01-01

43

Dissemination of assistive technology information to farmers and ranchers with disabilities.  

PubMed

Since induction of the AgrAbility program through appropriations contained in the 1990 Farm Bill, the national and state/regional AgrAbility projects have used a variety of methods to disseminate information about assistive technology (AT) to farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural workers with disabilities. To date, no known research has been conducted to assess those delivery methods from the perspectives of either the persons with disabilities in need of information or the education and rehabilitation professionals who work with them. This study's purpose was two-fold: (1) review various dissemination strategies to identify those documented as being more effective, and (2) conduct surveys to ascertain the perspectives of AgrAbility project professionals and a national network of farmers and ranchers with disabilities (called the Barn Builders). Key findings of the study were as follows: (1) the farmers and ranchers most preferred receiving information via printed newsletters (71%) and printed publications (67%); (2) AgrAbility staff most preferred receiving information via internet-based publication access (61%), e-mail (60%), and printed publications (58%); (3) many farmers and ranchers perceived that dissemination strategies were moving toward the internet (53%) and that AT information was generally more available now than in the past (38%); (4) both AgrAbility staff and the Barn Builders tended to agree that farmers still wanted to receive information in printed form; and (5) neither age nor education level appeared to be a strong predictor of internet use by farmers. Key recommendations to enhance the effectiveness of current AT information delivery methods included: (1) implementing effective document management strategies for all information resources, especially for online content; and (2) minimizing language translation efforts, since such a small percentage of the AgrAbility project customer base is primarily non-English speaking. It is believed that the findings of this study also have implications for service delivery strategies in other areas, including topics relating to agricultural safety and health. PMID:21919317

Racz, C W; Field, W E

2011-07-01

44

Disseminating drug prescribing information: the cox-2 inhibitors withdrawals.  

PubMed

This case study examined the recent withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the timeliness of updates in commonly used information sources used by healthcare professionals. The method included assembling a purposive sample of 15 drug reference and warning systems that were then systematically monitored for several months after the withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the time to update this information. These information sources were classified and described qualitatively. A time to diffusion curve was plotted and the average number of days to report the drug withdrawal or update reference databases was calculated. Only 2 of 15 information systems reported the drug withdrawal on the actual date of the FDA announcement. Institutional electronic textbooks took an average of 109.8 days (+/-14 days) to report the withdrawal. In addition, one pharma-sponsored dissemination source (Peerview Press) had not updated their information as of this publication. PMID:16622163

Strayer, Scott M; Slawson, David C; Shaughnessy, Allen F

2006-01-01

45

Information Dissemination Analysis of Different Media towards the Application for Disaster Pre-Warning  

PubMed Central

Knowing the information dissemination mechanisms of different media and having an efficient information dissemination plan for disaster pre-warning plays a very important role in reducing losses and ensuring the safety of human beings. In this paper we established models of information dissemination for six typical information media, including short message service (SMS), microblogs, news portals, cell phones, television, and oral communication. Then, the information dissemination capability of each medium concerning individuals of different ages, genders, and residential areas was simulated, and the dissemination characteristics were studied. Finally, radar graphs were used to illustrate comprehensive assessments of the six media; these graphs show directly the information dissemination characteristics of all media. The models and the results are essential for improving the efficiency of information dissemination for the purpose of disaster pre-warning and for formulating emergency plans which help to reduce the possibility of injuries, deaths and other losses in a disaster. PMID:24878739

Zhang, Nan; Huang, Hong; Su, Boni; Zhao, Jinlong; Zhang, Bo

2014-01-01

46

Information dissemination analysis of different media towards the application for disaster pre-warning.  

PubMed

Knowing the information dissemination mechanisms of different media and having an efficient information dissemination plan for disaster pre-warning plays a very important role in reducing losses and ensuring the safety of human beings. In this paper we established models of information dissemination for six typical information media, including short message service (SMS), microblogs, news portals, cell phones, television, and oral communication. Then, the information dissemination capability of each medium concerning individuals of different ages, genders, and residential areas was simulated, and the dissemination characteristics were studied. Finally, radar graphs were used to illustrate comprehensive assessments of the six media; these graphs show directly the information dissemination characteristics of all media. The models and the results are essential for improving the efficiency of information dissemination for the purpose of disaster pre-warning and for formulating emergency plans which help to reduce the possibility of injuries, deaths and other losses in a disaster. PMID:24878739

Zhang, Nan; Huang, Hong; Su, Boni; Zhao, Jinlong; Zhang, Bo

2014-01-01

47

Communications Related to Weather Information Handling and Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the tasking contained in the Statement of Work and describes the results of the project. In addition, it addresses the principles, procedures, and methods of application that would be generally applicable to using the results of the project. NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is involved in the Aviation Weather Information (AWIN) Program, which has a goal of reducing the aircraft accident rate, by a factor of five within 10 years and by a factor of 10 within 20 years. GRC's effort concentrates on the communications means needed to disseminate effective weather data. GRC's focus in on developing new technologies and techniques to support the digital communication of weather information between airborne and ground-based users.

Dhas, Chris

2000-01-01

48

Developing an Information Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

Hanson, Terry

2011-01-01

49

Information Dissemination and Information Assurance in Vehicular Networks: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vehicular networks aimed toward providing roadside services such as traffic alerts, estimated time to reach a destination, alternative routes, and in general improve the efficiency and safety on the road are emerging in both the United States and Europe. Information exchange in such networks occurs between vehicles (inter-vehicle communications) in an ad hoc manner and also with roadside base stations

Prashant Krishnamurthy

50

12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

2010-01-01

51

POPIN Working Group on Dissemination of Population Information: Report on the meeting held from 2 to 4 April 1984.  

PubMed

The objectives of this meeting were: to analyze the general dissemination strategy and functions of POPIN member organizations and assess the methods currently employed to identify users; to select publications or other information output and evaluate how they are being distributed and how procedures for the selective dissemination of information are developed; to develop guidelines for determining the potential audience and reader's interests; to discuss the methodology for maintaining a register of readers' interest; to develop guidelines for establishing linds with key press and broadcasting agencies to ensure rapid dissemination of information; to dientify media and organizations currently involved in the dissemination of population information; to document experience and provide recommendations for the utilization of innovative approaches to serve audiences; and to explore ways and means to meet the special needs of policy makers. Problem areas in population information dissemination were identified at the meeting as well as priority areas in meeting speical information needs of policy makers. Collection of information for dissemination is difficult, costly and time-consuming; there is a shortage of staff trained in the repackaging and dissemination of population information; the direct use of the mass media for information dissemination is still very limited; and financial resources are limited. Priority areas include: compilation of a calendar of events or meetings; conducting media surveys and inventories of population infromation centers and their services and compilation of results; resource development through product marketing and preparation of resource catalogues; and preparation of executive summaries highlighting policy implications to facilitate policy making. Recommendations include: promotion of training and technical assistance in population information activities by the POPIN Coordinating Unit; encouraging member organizations with relevant data bases to develop subsets for distribution to other institutions and, where feasible, to provide technical assistance and support for their wider use; the POPIN Coordinating Unit should alert its members regularly of new technological facilities and innovations in the field of information; organizations conducting population information activities at the national and/or regional levels should be encouraged to provide the POPIN Coordinating Unit with yearly calendars of meetings for publication in the POPIN Bulletin; and the members of POPIN are urged to emphasize the need to incorporate specific plans and budgets for population information activities. PMID:12267290

1984-12-01

52

A web information system for the management and the dissemination of Cultural Heritage data  

E-print Network

1 A web information system for the management and the dissemination of Cultural Heritage data Ã?lise of the National Sites and Monuments of Luxembourg. Keywords: Database / Information System / Data management is to highlight how such a system can offer new possibilities for the management and the dissemination

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

53

Information Dissemination for Better Health in Africa with Particular Reference to Namibia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes activities of the Commonwealth Regional Health Community Secretariat/Namibia Dissemination Center, at the University of Namibia, which was identified as a partner institution to serve in the Secretariat's information dissemination network in reproductive and health and nutrition programs. The University of Namibia Library has modern…

Jalloh, Brimah

1998-01-01

54

Epidemic Dissemination of Presence Information in Mobile Instant Messaging Systems  

E-print Network

to apply the Passive Distributed Indexing Protocol, which implements a general-purpose lookup service for mobile applications building upon epidemic data dissemination, for implementing the exchange of presence that supports the widely adopted Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP), an IETF standardized

Lindemann, Christoph

55

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...occupational safety and health program information. 1960.12 Section 1960.12 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...HEALTH PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Administration § 1960.12 Dissemination of occupational safety and...

2012-07-01

56

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...occupational safety and health program information. 1960.12 Section 1960.12 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued...HEALTH PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Administration § 1960.12 Dissemination of occupational safety and...

2011-07-01

57

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2013-07-01

58

8 CFR 319.6 - United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating information which...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...been determined to be U.S. incorporated nonprofit organizations principally engaged in conducting abroad through communications media the dissemination of information which significantly promotes U.S. interests abroad within the purview of...

2010-01-01

59

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...PROGRAM ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

60

Tight Bounds on Information Dissemination in Sparse Mobile Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by the growing interest in mobile systems, we study the dynamics of\\u000ainformation dissemination between agents moving independently on a plane.\\u000aFormally, we consider $k$ mobile agents performing independent random walks on\\u000aan $n$-node grid. At time $0$, each agent is located at a random node of the\\u000agrid and one agent has a rumor. The spread of the

Alberto Pettarin; Andrea Pietracaprina; Geppino Pucci; Eli Upfal

2011-01-01

61

Reliable and Effcient Information Dissemination in Intermittently Connected Vehicular Adhoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many applications of vehicular adhoc networks (VANET) to intelligent transportation systems require reliable, bandwidth-efficient dissemination of traffic and road information via adhoc network technology. This is a difficult task since intervehicular networks often lack continuous end-to-end connectivity and are characterised by large variations in node density. In this paper we introduce a new epidemic protocol for information dissemination in highly

Maziar Nekovee; Benedikt Bjarni Bogason

2007-01-01

62

GoDisco: Selective Gossip Based Dissemination of Information in Social Community Based Overlays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose and investigate a gossip based, social principles and behavior inspired decentralized mechanism (GoDisco) to disseminate information in online social community networks, using exclusively social links and exploiting semantic context to keep the dissemination process selective to relevant nodes. Such a designed dissemination scheme using gossiping over a egocentric social network is unique and is arguably a concept whose time has arrived, emulating word of mouth behavior and can have interesting applications like probabilistic publish/subscribe, decentralized recommendation and contextual advertisement systems, to name a few. Simulation based experiments show that despite using only local knowledge and contacts, the system has good global coverage and behavior.

Datta, Anwitaman; Sharma, Rajesh

63

Integration and Dissemination of Citizen Reported and Seismically Derived Earthquake Information via Social  

E-print Network

Integration and Dissemination of Citizen Reported and Seismically Derived Earthquake Information Horvath3 1 U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Center, Golden, CO, USA 2 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA 3 U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Center

Gruchalla, Kenny

64

Localized probabilistic and dominating set based algorithm for efficient information dissemination in ad hoc networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ad hoc networks are autonomous dynamic networks composed of mobile devices like personal digital assistants (PDA) for instance. In such mobile networks, lack of infrastructure leads to non trivial information discovery and dissemination. A scheme in which a unique object centralizes information is not efficient for many reasons. We propose a probabilistic algorithm to distribute an information token satisfactorily among

Michaël Hauspie; Amandine Panier

2004-01-01

65

Dissemination of Information in Developing Countries: The Personal Computer and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the blooming of information in digital format, dissemination of information is becoming a big challenge for developing countries. It is not only due to the limited provision of personal computers--in addition, the technological infrastructure and the ability to access information are also becoming major concerns in developing countries. This…

Wong, Wai-Man

2005-01-01

66

Efficient Dissemination of Personalized Information Using Content-Based Multicast  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a surge of interest in the delivery of personalized information to users (e.g., personalized stocks or travel information), particularly as mobile users with limited terminal device capabilities increasingly desire updated and targeted information in real time. When the number of information recipients is large and there is sufficient commonality in their interests, as is often the case,

Rahul Shah; Zulfikar Ramzan; Ravi Jain; Raghu Dendukuri; Farooq Anjum

2004-01-01

67

Key Factors for Information Dissemination on Communicating Products and Fixed Databases  

E-print Network

Key Factors for Information Dissemination on Communicating Products and Fixed Databases Sylvain distribution between manufactured products and fixed databases.The purpose is to determine the key factors.lastname}@cran.uhp-nancy.fr Abstract. Intelligent products carrying their own information are more and more present nowadays. In recent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

68

Key Factors for Information Dissemination on Communicating Products and Fixed Databases  

E-print Network

Key Factors for Information Dissemination on Communicating Products and Fixed Databases Sylvain.lastname}@cran.uhp-nancy.fr Abstract. Intelligent products carrying their own information are more and more present nowadays. In recent years, some authors argued the us- age of such products for the Supply Chain Management Industry. Indeed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

Accountants create, disseminate, and evaluate financial information. They have a broad based understanding of business,  

E-print Network

the ability to exercise sound, objective, and ethical judgments. Users of accounting information include and audit reports appreciate the ideals of professional ethics and its impact on accounting practiceAccountants create, disseminate, and evaluate financial information. They have a broad based

Habib, Ayman

70

Towards measuring self-perception in disseminating information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online information is becoming increasingly important within strategic communication and the use of unlimited social media (the internet). Since the information can be manipulated, it is crucial to measure one's perception to avoid negative perception that may leads to threat. This paper presents two models on representing a general model of self-perception and a self perception measurement model for online

Nasiroh Omar; S. Z. Z. Abidin

2010-01-01

71

Broadcast media and the dissemination of weather information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Although television is the public's most preferred source of weather information, it fails to provide weather reports to those groups who seek the information early in the day and during the day. The result is that many people most often use radio as a source of information, yet preferring the medium of television. The public actively seeks weather information from both radio and TV stations, usually seeking information on current conditions and short range forecasts. forecasts. Nearly all broadcast stations surveyed were eager to air severe weather bulletins quickly and often. Interest in Nowcasting was high among radio and TV broadcasters, with a significant portion indicating a willingness to pay something for the service. However, interest among TV stations in increasing the number of daily reports was small.

Byrnes, J.

1973-01-01

72

The Effects of a Data Dissemination Strategy on the Letter Naming and Object Counting Skills of Preschoolers Attending Head Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study utilized a quasi-experimental design to investigate the effects of a data dissemination strategy on the development of letter naming and object counting skills in preschoolers. The intervention involved the repeated assessment of these skills and a framework for how the resulting data were made available to teachers. The…

Strand, Paul S.; Cerna, Sandra

2010-01-01

73

Development of a Model Research and Development Information Dissemination Program for the Kentucky Bureau of Vocational Education: The Omnibus Dissemination Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a solution to the problem of disseminating information from research and development projects into the field, this project examined a number of diffusion models, developed the Omnibus Model, and tested it. The Omnibus Model consists of eight different action blocks. First, information is acquired both selectively and non-selectively, and then…

Sims, E. Norman

74

Proceedings of the ocean energy information dissemination workshop, December 1979  

SciTech Connect

The workshop was held to discuss the status of marketing ocean energy information and to develop an understanding of information needs and how to satisfy them. Presentations were made by the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) staff and media consultants about the effective use of audio-visual and print products, the mass media, and audience needs. Industry and government representatives reported on current efforts in each of their communication programs and outlined future plans. Four target audiences (DOE contractors, researchers, influencers, and general public) were discussed with respect to developing priorities for projects to enhance the commercialization of ocean energy technology.

Petty, D.

1980-04-01

75

WATER alert!: disseminating drinking water quality information to South Africans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drinking water quality, especially in many parts of South Africa, is far below acceptable standards. With an annual estimate of 43,000 deaths from diarrheal diseases, 3 million cases of illness, and treatment costs of over half a billion US dollars, the impact is critical [4]. This research addresses the challenge of reporting complex and critical water quality information in a

Deana S. Brown; Gary Marsden; Melissa Loudon

2011-01-01

76

A Study of Information Dissemination Under Multiple Random Walkers and Replication Mechanisms  

E-print Network

A Study of Information Dissemination Under Multiple Random Walkers and Replication Mechanisms large-scale. Mul- tiple random walkers have been proposed in the recent past as a suitable mechanism walkers mechanism is studied and ana- lyzed under a different and novel perspective that allows

Stavrakakis, Ioannis

77

Improving Information Dissemination Impact on Districts and Schools. Knowledge Brief Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Department of Education commissioned a study to help guide ongoing information dissemination practices to the educational community. A pilot study, department of education staff interviews, and field interviews preceded document tracking. Phone interviews were conducted with district administrators, principals, and teachers…

Mills, Stephen R.

78

The potential benefit of improving the dissemination of agricultural weather information to the Mississippi cotton farmer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. The potential benefit of improved dissemination of weather information to the Mississippi cotton farmer was estimated at $36,000 per 1000 acres. This is 16% of production cost of cotton in 1976. On a statewide basis, the total potential savings exceeds 100 million dollars.

Priddy, K. T.; Marlatt, W. E. (principal investigators)

1978-01-01

79

The endogenous dynamics of financial markets: Interaction and information dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the process that different interactions between investors will prompt information to propagate along a differentiated path and construct a financial market model. As information spreads, increasingly investors are attracted to participate in trading, then the “herding effect” is magnified gradually, which will induce the topology of market network to change and the price to fluctuate. Especially, under different initial conditions or parameters, the peak and fat-tail property is produced and the obtained statistic values coincide with empirical results: the power-law exponents between the peak value of return probability distribution and the time scales range from 0.579 to 0.747, and the exponents between the accumulation distribution and the return on the tail are close to 3. Besides, the extent of volatility clustering in our produced price series is close to that of S&P 500 and locates between NASDAQ and HSI. All the results obtained here indicate that the continuous variation of the “herding effect” resulting from information propagation among interacting investors may be the origin of stylized facts of price fluctuations.

Yang, ChunXia; Hu, Sen; Xia, BingYing

2012-06-01

80

Reporting epidemics: newspapers, information dissemination and the story of Ebola in the Ugandan district of Luweero  

PubMed Central

When an outbreak occurs, the affected population needs timely information in order to make informed decisions on how best to deal with the situation. Most target populations rely on the media for their information and the authorities use the media to disseminate outbreak information. The media, particularly locally based media, is as a result, crucial to public health outcomes. Reports on outbreaks should be as easy to understand as possible. However, there is, at times, a mismatch between the ideal and the practice. In looking at an example of the practice, this opinion hopes to influence the negotiation for the ideal in outbreak reporting. PMID:22355441

Mwesiga, Allan

2011-01-01

81

The BLISS cluster randomised controlled trial of the effect of 'active dissemination of information' on standards of care for premature babies in England (BEADI) study protocol [ISRCTN89683698  

PubMed Central

Background Gaps between research knowledge and practice have been consistently reported. Traditional ways of communicating information have limited impact on practice changes. Strategies to disseminate information need to be more interactive and based on techniques reported in systematic reviews of implementation of changes. There is a need for clarification as to which dissemination strategies work best to translate evidence into practice in neonatal units across England. The objective of this trial is to assess whether an innovative active strategy for the dissemination of neonatal research findings, recommendations, and national neonatal guidelines is more likely to lead to changes in policy and practice than the traditional (more passive) forms of dissemination in England. Methods/design Cluster randomised controlled trial of all neonatal units in England (randomised by hospital, n = 182 and stratified by neonatal regional networks and neonatal units level of care) to assess the relative effectiveness of active dissemination strategies on changes in local policies and practices. Participants will be mainly consultant lead clinicians in each unit. The intervention will be multifaceted using: audit and feedback; educational meetings for local staff (evidence-based lectures on selected topics, interactive workshop to examine current practice and draw up plans for change); and quality improvement and organisational changes methods. Policies and practice outcomes for the babies involved will be collected before and after the intervention. Outcomes will assess all premature babies born in England during a three month period for timing of surfactant administration at birth, temperature control at birth, and resuscitation team (qualification and numbers) present at birth. Trial registration Current controlled trials ISRCTN89683698 PMID:17922901

Acolet, Dominique; Jelphs, Kim; Davidson, Deborah; Peck, Edward; Clemens, Felicity; Houston, Rosie; Weindling, Michael; Lavis, John; Elbourne, Diana

2007-01-01

82

Collection and dissemination of TES system information for the paper and pulp industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A survey of U.S. and international paper and pulp mills using thermal energy storage (TES) systems as a part of their production processes was conducted to obtain sufficient operating data to conduct a benefits analysis encompassing: (1) an energy conservation assessment, (2) an economic benefits analysis, and (3) an environmental impact assessment. An information dissemination plan was then proposed to effectively present the benefits of TES to the U.S. paper and pulp industry.

Dietrich, M. W.; Edde, H.

1980-03-01

83

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

Wu, S. T.

1995-01-01

84

NIE/NCEC Educational Information Dissemination Services and Practitioner Incentives to Utilize Information and R&D Products--A Conference Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A summary of the discussions held at the National Institute of Education (NIE) conference on information dissemination and utilization is presented. Four major questions relating to NIE information dissemination activities are raised, followed by a description of some major features of the incentive structure of information utilization. Five…

Weiler, Daniel

85

Nature-Inspired Dissemination of Information in P2P Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After having first been used as a means to publish content, the Web is now widely used as a social tool for sharing information. It is an easy task to subscribe to a social network, join one of the Web-based communities according to some personal interests and start to share content with all the people who do the same. It is easy once you solve two basic problems: select the network to join (go to hi5, facebook, myspace,…? join all of them?) and find/pick up the right communities (i.e., find a strict label to match non-strict centers of interest). An error of appreciation would result in getting too much of useless/non-relevant information. This chapter provides a study on the dissemination of information within groups of people and aim at answering one question: can we find an effortless way of sharing information on the Web? Ideally, such a solution would require neither the definition of a profile nor the selection of communities to join. Publishing information should also not be the result of an active decision but be performed in an automatic way. A nature-inspired framework is introduced as an answer to this question. This framework features artificial ants taking care of the dissemination of information items within the network. Centers of interest of the users are reflected by artificial pheromones laid down on connections between peers. Another part of the framework uses those pheromone trails to detect shared interests and creates communities.

Guéret, Christophe

86

Dissemination of MORPHEUS Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter summarizes the dissemination strategy of the MORPHEUS project. It defines the target groups addressed by the\\u000a dissemination activity and the actions planned for them. It comments about the media that have been used to promote the project.\\u000a Finally it lists the main dissemination events and the publications.

Alberto Rosti

87

Marketing: Exploring Applications for Educational Dissemination. Literature Synthesis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This synthesis of information about marketing and information dissemination of education-related products is divided into three parts: an overview of major writings, specific marketing strategies, and resources for further study. The first part opens with...

L. Reed

1978-01-01

88

Tennessee Information Retrieval and Dissemination System for Vocational Education. Final Report (July 1, 1970-June 30, 1971).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to move information concerning vocational and technical education from the library into the hands of practitioners, the Tennessee Research Coordinating Unit (RCU) in cooperation with the State Division of Vocational-Technical Education decided to develop a system of information retrieval and dissemination. Such a system has been developed…

Wilder, Dolores J., Ed.

89

Dissemination strategies to improve implementation of the PHS smoking cessation guideline in MCH public health clinics: experimental evaluation results and contextual factors  

PubMed Central

We report results from an experimental study that tested the effectiveness of dissemination interventions to improve implementation of smoking cessation guidelines in maternal and child public health clinics. We additionally examine individual clinic results for contextual explanations not apparent from the experimental findings alone. Twelve clinics in Illinois were randomized to three dissemination strategies: (i) core dissemination (provision of the 2000 Public Health System Clinical Practice Guideline and a tested smoking cessation program, including program supplies and training), (ii) core dissemination and access to telephone counseling and (iii) core dissemination, telephone counseling access and outreach visits to clinics. Implementation outcomes were post-dissemination improvements over baseline in the percent of smokers reporting receipt/exposure to (i) provider advice, (ii) self-help booklet, (iii) videos, (iv) posters and (v) an adjunct intervention. Results showed significant increases in the percent of smokers receiving a booklet (overall) and an adjunct intervention (Groups 2 and 3). There were no increases in smoker-reported provider advice or videos and poster exposure. Examination of individual clinic findings showed that seven clinics accounted for all the experimental effectiveness. Smoker-reported provider advice to quit also increased in these clinics. Type of clinic and the absence of disruptive events distinguished clinics with and without effective dissemination outcomes. PMID:21398375

Cho, Young Ik; Warnecke, Richard; Saunders, Stephen; Sullivan, Myrtis

2011-01-01

90

Electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination program. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (enacted October 24, 1992) to determine whether or not exposure to EMF produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electric energy affects human health. Two Federal agencies, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), have primary responsibility for the program, but other Federal agencies are key participants as well. This program requires that Federal appropriations be matched by contributions from non-Federal sources. The authorized level of funding for the program was $65 million over a 5-year period (fiscal years 1993-1997 inclusive). For EMF RAPID to be a fully funded program, $32.5 million over 5 years will have to be appropriated by Congress and matched by non-Federal contributions.

NONE

1995-12-01

91

Coalition Warfare Program (CWP): secure policy controlled information query and dissemination over a Bices network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2006, the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) established a collaborative research alliance with academia and industry, called the International Technology Alliance (ITA) to address fundamental issues concerning Network and Information Sciences. Under the ITA research program, a US-UK transition project on "ITA Policy Controlled Information Query and Dissemination" was funded in 2011 by OSD's Coalition Warfare Program (CWP). The goal of this CWP project is to develop an extensible capability of performing distributed federated query and information dissemination across a coalition network of distributed disparate data/information sources with access­ controlled policies. The CWP project is lead by US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and UK Defence Science Technology Laboratory (Dstl) with software development by IBM UK and IBM US. The CWP project exploits two key technology components developed within the ITA, namely the Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms. The Gaian Database (GaianDB) is a Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD) that addresses a need to share information among coalition members by providing a means for policy-controlled access to data across a network of heterogeneous data sources. GaianDB implements a SQL-compliant Store-Locally-Query-Anywhere (SLQA) approach providing software applications with global access to data from any node in the database network via standard SQL queries. Security policy is stored locally and enforced at the database node level, reducing potential for unauthorized data access and waste of network bandwidth. A key metric of success for a CWP project is the transition of coalition-related technology from TRL-3 or 4 to TRL-6 or higher. Thus, the end goal of this CWP project was to demonstrate the GaianDB and policy technology within an operational environment at the NATO Intelligence Fusion Centre (NIFC) at Molesworth RAF. An initial demonstration of this technology in a 'stand alone' environment was undertaken at the NIFC in November 2011 using a data set comprised of 140,000 documents. Recently the system has been modified to include a secure authentication mechanism based on a Kerberos ticketing framework and this has now been integrated onto the NIFC Battlefield Information, Collection, and Exploitation System (BICES) network. In summary, the paper discusses the CWP project; the two key technologies (i.e., Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms) developed within the US UK ITA research program; how these have been integrated into the NIFC BICES; and future plans for the program.

Toth, Andrew; Pham, Tien; Karr, Todd; Bent, Graham; Harries, Dominic; Knox, Alan

2013-05-01

92

Communications System Architecture Development for Air Traffic Management and Aviation Weather Information Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is the NASA AATT Task Order 24 Final Report. NASA Research Task Order 24 calls for the development of eleven distinct task reports. Each task was a necessary exercise in the development of comprehensive communications systems architecture (CSA) for air traffic management and aviation weather information dissemination for 2015, the definition of the interim architecture for 2007, and the transition plan to achieve the desired End State. The eleven tasks are summarized along with the associated Task Order reference. The output of each task was an individual task report. The task reports that make up the main body of this document include Task 5, Task 6, Task 7, Task 8, Task 10, and Task 11. The other tasks provide the supporting detail used in the development of the architecture. These reports are included in the appendices. The detailed user needs, functional communications requirements and engineering requirements associated with Tasks 1, 2, and 3 have been put into a relational database and are provided electronically.

Gallagher, Seana; Olson, Matt; Blythe, Doug; Heletz, Jacob; Hamilton, Griff; Kolb, Bill; Homans, Al; Zemrowski, Ken; Decker, Steve; Tegge, Cindy

2000-01-01

93

Managing Information Strategies in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These nine papers address issues in information management and information technology in higher education from a European perspective. Papers focus on information management in the context of institutional management and administration. The chapters are: (1) "General Introduction" (Edgar Frackman); (2) "From Computing Strategy to Information

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

94

Collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage system information for the pulp and paper industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage (TES) system technology for the pulp and paper industry with the intent of reducing fossil fuel usage is discussed. The study plan is described and a description presented of example TES systems.

Edde, H.

1981-03-01

95

Collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage system information for the pulp and paper industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage (TES) system technology for the pulp and paper industry with the intent of reducing fossil fuel usage is discussed. The study plan is described and a description presented of example TES systems.

Edde, H.

1981-01-01

96

48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

2012-10-01

97

48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

2011-10-01

98

48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

2012-10-01

99

48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

2011-10-01

100

Technical assistance and information dissemination efforts at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Technical assistance and information dissemination performed by EG and G Idaho's Hydrothermal Commercialization Division (now Geothermal Program Office) at the INEL during FY-80 are described. Requests for technical information increased by one-third over the previous year, and tended to be more specific than previously. Requests for technical assistance generally involved larger projects than previously, and preparation of adequate responses required significantly more time. Information dissemination included 18 exhibits in 10 states plus the District of Columbia, with nearly 400,000 exposures. The work included development and production of major display hardware; preparation and production of a new edition of Rules of Thumb, a much-demanded brochure; and support of State Commercialization Teams by production of customized slide shows for 10 states plus additional support through bulk distribution of brochures and technical documentation on request.

Toth, W.J.; Engen, I.A.; Meltzer, F.L.

1980-03-01

101

The Educational Information Consultant: Skills in Disseminating Educational Information, A Report on the Development and Operational Validation of Three Alternative Forms of a Transportable Instructional System. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and field testing of an instructional product for the training of educational personnel in dissemination and utilization of research and development information is reported. A new role, that of the Educational Information consultant (EIC), is described. A modular training program, built around the five major processes delineated…

Banathy, Bela H.; And Others

102

Net-Centric Information and Knowledge Management and Dissemination for Data-to-Decision C2 Applications Using Intelligent Agents and Service-Oriented Architectures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Tactical Information Technologies for Assured Network Operations (TITAN) Program aims to achieve netcentric information and knowledge management and dissemination integrated with data-to-decision C2 Applications. TITAN is a multi-year effort to develo...

A. Chan, D. Nguyen, I. Mayk, M. Mai, W. Regli

2011-01-01

103

The electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination (EMF-RAPID) program.  

PubMed

In the United States, public concern that exposure to power-line fields was linked to cancer led to the establishment of a Congressionally mandated program, the Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination (EMF-RAPID) Program. A major goal of the program was to "determine whether or not exposures to electric and magnetic fields produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electrical energy affect human health". Between 1994 and 1998, the EMF-RAPID program spent approximately $41 million on biological research. Much of the work funded by the EMF-RAPID program has not yet been published in the peer-reviewed literature. The U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) asked that Radiation Research publish this special issue in an attempt to remedy this publication gap. The issue includes reviews of studies that were done to assess the biological plausibility of claims that power-frequency fields caused leukemia and breast cancer. The issue continues with two teratology studies and one immunology study. The section of the issue covering in vitro studies begins with an overview of the efforts NIEHS made to replicate a wide range of reported effects of power-frequency fields and continues with four papers reporting the absence of effects of power-frequency fields on the expression of stress-response genes and oncogenes. Other reports of in vitro studies and studies of mechanisms cover cytotoxicity, gap junction intracellular communication, calcium ion transport across the plasma membrane, and intracellular electric fields. PMID:10790283

Moulder, J E

2000-05-01

104

Autonomous Gossiping: A Self-Organizing Epidemic Algorithm for Selective Information Dissemination in Wireless Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce autonomous gossiping (A\\/G), a new genre epidemic algorithm for selective dissemination of information in contrast to previous usage of epidemic algorithms which flood the whole network. A\\/G is a paradigm which suits well in a mobile ad-hoc networking (MANET) environment because it does not require any infrastructure or middleware like multicast tree and (un)subscription maintenance for publish\\/subscribe, but

Anwitaman Datta; Silvia Quarteroni; Karl Aberer

2004-01-01

105

Towards an Informed Mexican and Mexican-American Citizenry: Bridging the Gap to Increase Human Capacity and Information Dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research translation and community outreach goal of The University of Arizona's (UA) Superfund Basic Research Program and U.S.-Mexico Binational Center for Environmental Sciences and Toxicology is to increase human capacity and information dissemination to diverse stakeholders, including federal, state, and local government agencies as well as northern Mexican and border community stakeholders. Due to Arizona's demographic characteristics and the UA's proximity to the U.S. - Mexico border, activities target primarily Mexican and Mexican-American populations. With this in mind, a model has been established that pulls from human capital, community-based participatory research and public participation theories. The theories applied to our target population have resulted in the creation of a successful model that is used in both research translation and community outreach work. The model contains four components: community needs (participation), science translation (information), engagement (outreach), and training (education). Examples of how this model operates for various stakeholders involved in environmental science and health issues will be discussed. A case in point of how this model has been applied effectively is the partnership with promotoras (community health advocates) to do environmental science and health trainings to increase the knowledge base of specific populations disproportionately exposed to contaminants of concern. Additional case studies and methodologies used to develop innovative communicative tools (that takes into consideration cultural idiosyncrasies) for stakeholders at all levels in Arizona, the border, and Mexico will be highlighted, such as: 1) information sheets regarding local environmental issues for communities neighboring contaminated sites, 2) SciTransfer Bulletins targeting professional level stakeholders such as Project Managers, Community Involvement Coordinators and the general public, 3) coordinating technical and scientific workshops in the U.S and Mexico and 4) participating in local community events. Lessons learned and knowledge gained in the past three years will also be presented.

Ramirez, M. D.; Ramirez, D. M.

2008-12-01

106

Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating road hazard information using road side infrastructures in VANETs.  

PubMed

This paper presents Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating information about fixed road hazards such as road blocks, tree fall, boulders on road, snow pile up, landslide, road maintenance work and other obstacles to the vehicles approaching the hazardous location. The proposed work focuses on dissemination of hazard messages on highways with sparse traffic. The vehicle coming across the hazard would report the presence of the hazard. It is proposed to use Road Side fixed infrastructure Units for reliable and timely delivery of hazard messages to vehicles. The vehicles can then take appropriate safety action to avoid the hazardous location. The proposed protocol has been implemented and tested using SUMO simulator to generate road traffic and NS 2.33 network simulator to analyze the performance of DHRP. The performance of the proposed protocol was also compared with simple flooding protocol and the results are presented. PMID:24834371

Berlin, M A; Anand, Sheila

2014-01-01

107

Cluster randomized trial of an active, multifaceted information dissemination intervention based on The WHO Reproductive health library to change obstetric practices: methods and design issues [ISRCTN14055385  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Effective strategies for implementing best practices in low and middle income countries are needed. RHL is an annually updated electronic publication containing Cochrane systematic reviews, commentaries and practical recommendations on how to implement evidence-based practices. We are conducting a trial to evaluate the improvement in obstetric practices using an active dissemination strategy to promote uptake of recommendations in The

A Metin Gülmezoglu; José Villar; Jeremy Grimshaw; Gilda Piaggio; Pisake Lumbiganon; Ana Langer

2004-01-01

108

Alternative Strategies for Promoting Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers strategies for promoting information literacy other than classroom instruction. Library services, such as the creation of pathfinders, excellent reference practices, and provision of user-friendly Web pages, are considered in terms of how they might be useful in supporting an information literacy initiative.

Galvin, Jeanne

2005-01-01

109

Wildlife Inquiry through Zoo Education (WIZE) Module II: Survival Strategies. Dissemination Project Evaluation Report 1995-96.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a dissemination project evaluation of the Wildlife Inquiry through Zoo Education (WIZE) program, a well-known life science program for grades seven through ten that takes a non-traditional, multi-disciplinary approach to learning. The program content focuses on population ecology, wildlife conservation, and species survival. Chapter…

Mei, Dolores M.

110

Using Induction to Refine Information Retrieval Strategies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Conceptual information retrieval systems use structured document indices, domain knowledge and a set of heuristic retrieval strategies to match user queries with a set of indices describing the document's content. Such retrieval strategies increase the set of relevant documents retrieved (increase recall), but at the expense of returning additional irrelevant documents (decrease precision). Usually in conceptual information retrieval systems this tradeoff is managed by hand and with difficulty. This paper discusses ways of managing this tradeoff by the application of standard induction algorithms to refine the retrieval strategies in an engineering design domain. We gathered examples of query/retrieval pairs during the system's operation using feedback from a user on the retrieved information. We then fed these examples to the induction algorithm and generated decision trees that refine the existing set of retrieval strategies. We found that (1) induction improved the precision on a set of queries generated by another user, without a significant loss in recall, and (2) in an interactive mode, the decision trees pointed out flaws in the retrieval and indexing knowledge and suggested ways to refine the retrieval strategies.

Baudin, Catherine; Pell, Barney; Kedar, Smadar

1994-01-01

111

Utilizing Information for Developing Corporate Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We now enter the era that Japanese enterprises have to make own decision on what they should do next as action leaders, since the time was over that they proceeded with their R & D just by following and learning lessons of success and failure produced by U.S. industries. Under this era information has been carrying more weight on corporate strategy and it has become important issue to utilize information how efficiently and effectively as data for judging critical decision matters. Focusing on this issue the author proposes three measures, i.e. enforcement of information gathering capacity, gathering of farsighted information, information processing based on the experiences through studying abroad and practices, and indicates five ways of information utilization such as construction of information network and application of a company history.

Shiina, Takeshi

112

Using tactical intelligence to help inform strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to show how operationally specific, “down in the trenches” competitive intelligence can help inform and contribute to a much higher-level view of the competitive arena that can inform company strategy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The article presents a practical application based on various tactical intelligence methodologies, such as win\\/loss analysis, primary intelligence collection, etc.

Martha Culver

2006-01-01

113

Reading Comprehension and Information Processing Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the relationship between the reading comprehension and information processing strategies of fluent oral readers of Oriya (a language spoken in India) orthography. Notes that Oriya has some significant differences from English orthography. Finds that good comprehenders were relatively more intelligent that the poor comprehenders and…

Sahu, Shantilata; Kar, Abantika

1994-01-01

114

Media Choice in Environmental Information Dissemination for Solid Waste Management among Policy Formulators and Implementors: A Case Study of Oyo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental information has been described as central to the issues of solid waste management and disposal. This study investigated the availability and accessibility of environmental information to the solid waste policy formulators and implementors with regard to the media/channels used for disseminating environmental information to the…

Akintola, B. A.; Temowo, O. O.; Ajiboye, J. O.

2009-01-01

115

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

116

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Disclosure upon request of general coverage information...information. Upon request of a Part D eligible individual...instructions on how to exercise election options under... A general description of procedural rights...this part; (iii) Benefits. (A) Covered...

2010-10-01

117

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Disclosure upon request of general coverage information...information. Upon request of a Part D eligible individual...instructions on how to exercise election options under... A general description of procedural rights...this part; (iii) Benefits. (A) Covered...

2013-10-01

118

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Disclosure upon request of general coverage information...information. Upon request of a Part D eligible individual...instructions on how to exercise election options under... A general description of procedural rights...this part; (iii) Benefits. (A) Covered...

2011-10-01

119

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Disclosure upon request of general coverage information...information. Upon request of a Part D eligible individual...instructions on how to exercise election options under... A general description of procedural rights...this part; (iii) Benefits. (A) Covered...

2012-10-01

120

SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION--REVIEW OF SELECTED SYSTEMS AND A DESIGN FOR ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARIES. FINAL REPORT. ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARY IMPROVEMENT STUDIES (ATLIS), REPORT NO. 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT PRESENTS AN ANALYSIS OF OVER EIGHTEEN SMALL, INTERMEDIATE, AND LARGE SCALE SYSTEMS FOR THE SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION (SDI). SYSTEMS ARE COMPARED AND ANALYZED WITH RESPECT TO DESIGN CRITERIA AND THE FOLLOWING NINE SYSTEM PARAMETERS--(1) INFORMATION INPUT, (2) METHODS OF INDEXING AND ABSTRACTING, (3) USER INTEREST PROFILE…

BIVONA, WILLIAM A.

121

Dynamic personalization and information integration in multi-channel data dissemination enviroments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have been developing mobile passenger support systems for the public transportation. In this application field, various kinds of data must be handled and integrated. Examples of such data are route information, fare information, area map, station map, planned operation schedule, real-time operation schedule, vehicle facilities etc.Depending on the user situation, different information should be supplied and personalized. In this

Koichi Goto; Yahiko Kambayashi

2001-01-01

122

Research of information classification and strategy intelligence extract algorithm based on military strategy hall  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Constructing virtual international strategy environment needs many kinds of information, such as economy, politic, military, diploma, culture, science, etc. So it is very important to build an information auto-extract, classification, recombination and analysis management system with high efficiency as the foundation and component of military strategy hall. This paper firstly use improved Boost algorithm to classify obtained initial information, then use a strategy intelligence extract algorithm to extract strategy intelligence from initial information to help strategist to analysis information.

Chen, Lei; Li, Dehua; Yang, Jie

2007-12-01

123

Electronic and Courier Methods of Information Dissemination: A Test of Accuracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a larger endeavor to evaluate the impact of communication technology on organizations, this study assesses the accuracy of information diffusion via electronic-mail and courier-mail systems in two large organizations which have implemented electronic-mail systems in the last three years. Data were obtained through the use of…

DeWine, Sue; And Others

124

Partnership Between CAB International and China in Information Access, Management and Dissemination: Past, Present and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The partnership between CAB International (CABI) and China which began in 1980 reached a major milestone in 1992 with agreement to collaborate on a national information project financed by a grant from the Asian Development Bank. China became a Member Country of CABI in 1995. This opened the way to further partnership between CABI and China in working toward capacity

Qiaoqiao Zhang

2003-01-01

125

Secure Information Sharing and Dissemination in the Context of Public Security  

E-print Network

change dynamically to accommodate various needs (e.g., public health versus fire) and to confirm the overall efforts. For example, the public health agency would need to have access only to information related to public health. Assuming an XML document, the public health agency would need to access only

126

Technical Assistance, Dissemination, Parent Information, and State Improvement. Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Fiscal Year 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is the fourth of four volumes in a directory of more than 1,000 discretionary grants and contracts supported by the Research to Practice Division of the Office of Special Education Programs. This volume focuses on projects concerned with technical assistance, dissemination, parent information, and state improvement. The Technical…

Glover, Jeanne; DeCarme, Judi; Orkwis, Ray

127

The role of media in the dissemination of environmental and natural disaster information to the public: NPOESS: the future of earth observation and the media  

Microsoft Academic Search

TV broadcast news, part news and part entertainment, continuously transformed by new technology and driven by ratings, still remains the primary form of dissemination of real time information to the general public. Media coverage of environmental issues and natural disasters varies considerably, depending on the perceived interests of the audience. While some receive a lot of coverage with in depth

Rafael Ameller; Guido Cervone; M. Kafatos; Dave Jones

2008-01-01

128

Development of an integrated application portal for environmental spatial information dissemination in the Nestos river basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water resources management is a comprehensive planning process dimensioning all water related components. With this in mind, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires reliable and continuous water monitoring and collection of qualitative information in order to support decision making concerning water pollution events, focusing primarily on civil protection. The present research study initiates the coupling of water quality - quantity monitoring techniques and telemetric systems with geographic information system (GIS) based map server technologies for the near real time warning about potential water pollution events. The study is being implemented in the Greek part of the transboundary Nestos river basin and forms part of the Bulgarian and Greek European Territorial Cooperation Programme 2007-2013. The aim of this partnership is to develop an operational supportive mechanism for the Competent Authorities of water management in both countries in order to facilitate the planning and implementation of sustainable water management along with civil protection.

Zalidis, George; Karapetsas, Nikolaos; Skoulikaris, Charalampos; Misopolinos, Lazaros; Manesis, Charalampos

2013-08-01

129

Satellite systems development in Europe and the opportunities for information dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The differences between 'low-power' telecommunications satellites and 'high-power' direct-broadcast satellites (DBS) are elucidated. It is noted that, in general, low-power satellites will provide services to businesses and high-power DBS satellites to homes. Plans for the two systems in the future are discussed as well as satellite capacity supply and demand, opportunities for the introduction of information services, and the role of ESA's Olympus satellite.

Chaplin, J.

1986-08-01

130

Integration and Dissemination of Citizen Reported and Seismically Derived Earthquake Information via Social Network Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a People in the locality of earthquakes are publishing anecdotal information about the shaking within seconds of their occurrences\\u000a via social network technologies, such as Twitter. In contrast, depending on the size and location of the earthquake, scientific\\u000a alerts can take between two to twenty minutes to publish. We describe TED (Twitter Earthquake Detector) a system that adopts\\u000a social network technologies

Michelle Guy; Paul Earle; Chris Ostrum; Kenny Gruchalla; Scott Horvath

2010-01-01

131

Local Health Department Use of Twitter to Disseminate Diabetes Information, United States  

PubMed Central

Introduction Diabetes may affect one-third of US adults by 2050. Adopting a healthful diet and increasing physical activity are effective in preventing type 2 diabetes and decreasing the severity of diabetes-related complications. Educating and informing the public about health problems is a service provided by local health departments (LHDs). The objective of this study was to examine how LHDs are using social media to educate and inform the public about diabetes. Methods In June 2012 we used NVivo 10 to collect all tweets ever posted from every LHD with a Twitter account and identified tweets about diabetes. We used a 2010 National Association of County and City Health Officials survey to compare characteristics of LHDs that tweeted about diabetes with those that did not. Content analysis was used to classify each tweet topic. Results Of 217 LHDs with Twitter accounts, 126 had ever tweeted about diabetes, with 3 diabetes tweets being the median since adopting Twitter. LHDs tweeting about diabetes were in jurisdictions with larger populations and had more staff and higher spending than LHDs not tweeting about diabetes. They were significantly more likely to employ a public information specialist and provide programs in diabetes-related areas. There was also a weak positive association between jurisdiction diabetes rate and the percentage of all tweets that were about diabetes (r = .16; P = .049). Conclusion LHDs are beginning to use social media to educate and inform their constituents about diabetes. An understanding of the reach and effectiveness of social media could enable public health practitioners to use them more effectively. PMID:23639765

Mueller, Nancy L.; Snider, Doneisha; Haire-Joshu, Debra

2013-01-01

132

Dissemination of information about the technologies of the Vision Research Lab through the World Wide Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Vision Research Lab at NASA John Glenn Research Center is headed by Dr. Rafat Ansari. Dr. Ansari and other researchers have developed technologies that primarily use laser and fiber optics to non-invasively detect different ailments and diseases of the eye. One of my goals as a LERCIP intern and ACCESS scholar for the 2004 summer is to inform other NASA employees, researchers and the general public about these technologies through the development of a website. The website incorporates the theme that the eye is a window to the body. Thus by investigating the processes of the eye, we can better understand and diagnosis different ailments and diseases. These ailments occur in not only earth bound humans, but astronauts as well as a result of exposure to elevated levels of radiation and microgravity conditions. Thus the technologies being developed at the Vision Research Lab are invaluable to humans on Earth in addition to those astronauts in space. One of my first goals was to research the technologies being developed at the lab. The first several days were spent immersing myself in the various articles, journals and reports about the theories behind Dynamic Light Scattering, Laser Doppler Flowmetry, Autofluoresence, Raman Spectroscopy, Polarimetry and Oximetry. Interviews with the other researchers proved invaluable to help understand these theories as well gain hands on experience with the devices being developed using these technologies. The rest of the Vision Research Team and I sat down and discussed how the overall website should be presented. Combining this information with the knowledge of the theories and applications of the hardware being developed, I worked out different ideas to present this information. I quickly learned Paint Shop Pro 8 and FrontPage 2002, as well as using online tutorials and other resources to help design an effective website. The Vision Research Lab website incorporates the anatomy and physiology of the eye, different diseases that affect the eye and the technologies being develop at the lab to help diagnosis these diseases. It also includes background information on Dr. Ansari as well as other researchers involved in the lab and it includes segments on patents, awards and achievements. There are links to help viewers navigate to internal and external websites to further investigate different ideas and hrther understand the implications of these technologies at being developed.

Dorais, Christopher M.

2004-01-01

133

Effective coordination and dissemination of published information for prospective students of Texas A&M University  

E-print Network

on to prospectiv freshmen students of Texas Agf! hain been acknowledged by ad; inistrators of the University who~a responsibili- ties and interests are related to this special type ot communicat: on. The impo. tance of these problems has been documented... FURTHER INFORMATION:" notic s which are included on most brochures mauled from Texas ASM today may be found in the crrcular. It reads: How Can I Get Further Informationf By writing to the President Ex-Gov. L. S. Ross P. 0. , College Station, Brazos...

Starr, Jo Ann

2012-06-07

134

Implementation and dissemination of military informed and evidence-based interventions for community dwelling military families.  

PubMed

Community dwelling military families from the National Guard and Reserve contend with deployment-related stressors in relative isolation, living in communities where mental health providers may have little knowledge of military culture. When they are community residents, active duty service members and families tend to live in close proximity to their military installations. This article will focus primarily on the challenges to quality mental health care for reserve component (RC) families. Where studies of RC families are absent, those of active component (AC) families will be highlighted as relevant. Upon completion of a deployment, reintegration for RC families is complicated by high rates of symptomatology, low service utilization, and greater barriers to care relative to AC families. A paucity of providers skilled in evidence-based treatments (EBTs) limits community mental health capacity to serve RC military families. Several emergent programs illustrate the potential for better serving community dwelling military families. Approaches include behavioral health homes, EBTs and treatment components, structured resiliency and parent training, military informed schools, outreach methods, and technology-based coping, and psychoeducation. Methods from implementation science to improve clinical skill acquisition and spread and sustainability of EBTs may advance access to and quality of mental health treatment and are reviewed herein. Recommendations related to research methods, military knowledge and treatment competencies, and transition to a public health model of service delivery are discussed. PMID:23852335

Murphy, Robert A; Fairbank, John A

2013-12-01

135

Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) Project: Dissemination of Weather Information for the Reduction of Aviation Weather-Related Accident Causal Factors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) is part of the Weather Accident Prevention (WxAP) Project, which is part of the NASA's Aviation Safety and Security Program. The goals of WINCOMM are to facilitate the exchange of tactical and strategic weather information between air and ground. This viewgraph presentation provides information on data link decision factors, architectures, validation goals. WINCOMM is capable of providing en-route communication air-to-ground, ground-to-air, and air-to-air, even on international or intercontinental flights. The presentation also includes information on the capacity, cost, and development of data links.

Jarrell, Michael; Tanger, Thomas

2004-01-01

136

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Information & Communication Technology Infrastructure Strategy  

E-print Network

and management tools (Ref. Information Strategy Universal Access Working Group, e-Science and the Grid working of key services and provide inherent containment measures against hacking, viruses, worms etc. (Ref hacking, viruses, worms etc. (Ref. Information Strategy Information Systems Security Working Group

Guo, Zaoyang

137

Interdisciplinary information design with an empowerment strategy.  

PubMed

An innovative research into a model for ICT enabled Empowerment. By deliberate use of ICT and a feedback-focused communication model in a prototyping process, e-health information based on an empowerment strategy is evaluated. Overall a risk-driven spiral model is applied for Progress and Complexity handling in order to ensure success. The process model devised has a proactive approach to interdisciplinary teamwork, organisational web maturity, and the post-modern user's interaction with ICT. The research is performed and evaluated in cooperation with an interdisciplinary team of health professionals, and voluntary groups of patients from an athletic clinic in a Danish University Hospital.Results are as follows: INDIVIDUAL LEVEL: Empowerment is evaluated as successful using Empiric reception analysis, based on social and humanistic sciences, and showing traces of Empowerment from the patient's perspective. ORGANIZATIONAL LEVEL: Nursing Informatics becomes a tool in the interdisciplinary understanding, allowing the nurses to take responsibility for core nursing themes regarding the healthy and the diseased phases of the patients' lives. Iterative modelling ensuring the results is evident and derived from the patient's perspective. PMID:17102248

Barlach, Anders; Engberg, Axel; Pallesen, Bodil

2006-01-01

138

Creating new realities: program development and dissemination.  

PubMed Central

Program development and dissemination in human services present challenges and opportunities for social scientists. Over the past 27 years the Teaching-Family Model of group home treatment has moved from prototype development to widespread dissemination across North America. Reviewing concepts in industry related to product development and dissemination, the application of these concepts to a human services delivery system, and program replication and dissemination data offer information about how innovative human services can be widely adapted and adopted. PMID:8307838

Fixsen, D L; Blase, K A

1993-01-01

139

On the use of Web-based-GIS for managing and disseminating hazard and risk spatial information in volcanic areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In volcanic areas exposed to multiple geological hazards, the efficient interpretation of the increasing amount of geographical data is a challenging issue. Within the European MIAVITA project, we investigated to which extent WebGIS can facilitate this interpretation through the visualization of such complex hazard and risk database. This analysis was structured around (1) the development of a Web-based Geographical Information System (WebGIS) and of an application for managing the geographical database, and (2) interactions with a group of hazard and risk analysts and managers, civil security officers, GIS analysts and system developers. We tested the system in the Mount Cameroon volcano, taking advantage of a complex hazard and risk geographical database collected previously. Key requirements here related to the need for a structured and flexible GIS-database and to manage user's privileges differently according to their profile and the status of the volcano. In addition, this study showed that it is important for such systems to manage different status for data, from data than can only be interpreted by experts (e.g. some complex remote sensing products) to data that can be disseminated to any potential user (e.g. a regulatory hazard map). While the developed tool is able to provide users with enough flexibility to respond to the users' requirements, it is still necessary to own expertise in WebGIS to manage such tools in the long term in local volcano observatory. Nevertheless, this study shows that WebGIS-based systems can relatively easily integrate some most important working procedures of hazard and risk management in volcanic areas.

Le Cozannet, G.; Bagni, M.; Thierry, P.; Aragno, C.; Kouokam, E.

2013-10-01

140

Science communication and information dissemination: the role of the information professional in the 'Perception and Awareness of Science' project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on the methodology and results of a project on the perception and awareness of science, carried out by the Italian National Research Council, the British Council Italy and the Rosselli Foundation. The project, addressed to upper high school and university students, aims to clarify understanding of the interaction between science and society both by means of information

Luciana Libutti; Adriana Valente

2006-01-01

141

Direct application of west coast geothermal resources in a wet corn milling plant supplementary analyses and information dissemination. Final report, addendum  

SciTech Connect

In an extension to the scope of the previous studies, supplementary analyses were to be performed for both plants which would assess the economics of geothermal energy if coal had been the primary fuel rather than oil and gas. The studies include: supplementary analysis for a coal fired wet corn milling plant, supplementary analysis for an East Coast frozen food plant with coal fired boilers, and information dissemination activities.

Not Available

1982-03-19

142

Global Index for Multi Channel Data Dissemination in Mobile Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Data broadcasting strategy is known as a scalable way to disseminate information to mobile users. However, with a very large\\u000a number of broadcast items, the access time of mobile clients increase accordingly, due to high waiting time for mobile clients\\u000a to find their data of interest. One possible solution is to split the database information into several broadcast channels.\\u000a In

Agustinus Borgy Waluyo; Bala Srinivasan; David Taniar

2003-01-01

143

Spatial Strategy Selection: Interesting Incremental Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to show that individuals differ in the way they solve spatial tasks of all kinds, and both research on and measurement of spatial ability could profit from an integration of strategy aspects. We first review evidence for both intra- and inter-individual strategy differences (including gender differences) in 3 domains of…

Gluck, Judith; Fitting, Sylvia

2003-01-01

144

Control Strategies and Feedback Information in Mobile Robot Teleoperation  

E-print Network

Control Strategies and Feedback Information in Mobile Robot Teleoperation I. Farkhatdinov J-H.Ryu J. Poduraev School of Mechanical Engineering, Korea University of Technology and Education several control strategies and feedback information for teleoperation of a mobile robot are described

Ryu, Jee-Hwan

145

Enhanced Dissemination of Commission Products to Employee Assistance Programs, Information and Referral Programs, and Geriatric Care Managers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This grant allowed the ABA CLP of the Elderly (Commission) to expand marketing and dissemination of four of its products to three audiences that the Commission had never reached out to before: (1) employee assistance professionals, (2) I & R service provi...

L. A. Stiegel

1997-01-01

146

Localized prostate cancer treatment decision-making information online: improving its effectiveness and dissemination for nonprofit and government-supported organizations.  

PubMed

The current study reports findings from evaluation research conducted to identify how online prostate cancer treatment decision-making information can be both improved and more effectively disseminated to those who need it most. A multi-method, multi-target approach was used and guided by McGuire's Communication Matrix Model. Focus groups (n = 31) with prostate cancer patients and their family members, and in-depth interviews with physicians (n = 8), helped inform a web survey (n = 89). Results indicated that physicians remain a key information source for medical advice and the Internet is a primary channel used to help make informed prostate cancer treatment decisions. Participants reported a need for more accessible information related to treatment options and treatment side effects. Additionally, physicians indicated that the best way for agencies to reach them with new information to deliver to patients is by contacting them directly and meeting with them one-on-one. Advice for organizations to improve their current prostate cancer web offerings and further ways to improve information dissemination are discussed. PMID:23907786

Silk, Kami J; Perrault, Evan K; Nazione, Samantha; Pace, Kristin; Hager, Polly; Springer, Steven

2013-12-01

147

Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

148

Information Literacy: Search Strategies, Tools & Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was created to teach information literacy. It takes a user-centered perspective in using information technology as a tool to accomplish a variety of tasks and is divided into a series of nine interrelated yet independent chapters. Chapter 1 is an introduction to basic concepts, focusing on fundamental models of information sources and…

Ercegovac, Zorana

149

Shifts of Interactive Intentions and Information-Seeking Strategies in Interactive Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses information-seeking strategies in information retrieval systems, including Web search engines, and focuses on an in-depth investigation of shifts in the micro-level of user goals, namely interactive intention and information-seeking strategies. Discusses implications of the results for the design of adaptive information retrieval…

Xie, Hong (Iris)

2000-01-01

150

A Taxonomy of Broadcast Indexing Schemes for Multi Channel Data Dissemination in Mobile Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data broadcasting strategy is known as a scalable way to disseminate information to mobile users. However, with a very large set of broadcast items, the query access time of mobile clients raise accordingly, due to high waiting time for mobile clients to find their data of interest. One possible solution is to split the database information into several broadcast channels.

Agustinus Borgy Waluyo; Bala Srinivasan; David Taniar

2004-01-01

151

Selfishness detection in mobile ad hoc networks: How dissemination of indirect information turns into a strategic issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a mobile ad hoc network, the tradeoff between a selfish node's power expense and ill reputation is discussed. Simulation shows that selective drops can be countered by a data-centric, end-to-end ACK-based reputation system that has nodes disseminate equal reputation metrics for all transit nodes on a misbehaving route. Fake recommendations, however, such as false appraisals or false accusations, necessitate

J. Konorski

2010-01-01

152

A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the relative efficacy of adding voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to information dissemination in reducing HIV-related risk behaviors among Hong Kong male cross-border truck drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile populations are vulnerable to contracting HIV. The present study aims to evaluate the relative efficacy of the voluntary counseling and testing plus information dissemination (VCT-ID) approach versus the information dissemination (ID) approach for promoting HIV preventive behaviors in a mobile population, cross-border truck drivers. A total of 301 adult male cross-border truck drivers who self-reported having had sex with

Joseph T. F. Lau; Hi Yi Tsui; Shannon Cheng; Margaret Pang

2010-01-01

153

The Strategy and Tactics of Information Warfare  

E-print Network

of military forces during the American Civil War and Wars of German Unification.' The introduction of wireless of information and intelligence at the tactical and operational levels that led him to emphasize, in On War the Clausewitzian industrial-era model of destructive war with an information-era model promising greater efficiency

Bishop, Matt

154

Teachers' Perceived Usefulness of Strategy Microanalytic Assessment Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined special education teachers' ratings of the usefulness of strategy microanalytic assessment (SMA) (i.e., self-regulation, strategy use) and standardized norm-referenced assessment information (SNRA) (i.e., cognitive and academic skills). Ninety-six participants separately rated the frequency with which SMA and SNRA are…

Cleary, Timothy J.; Zimmerman, Barry J.

2006-01-01

155

Economic Strategies for the Information Entrepreneur James F. Booker  

E-print Network

Economic Strategies for the Information Entrepreneur James F. Booker The market economy, spearheaded by the leadership of entrepreneurs, produces those goods and services which are scarce? In this chapter I explore the opportunities, challenges, and complexities facing entrepreneurs in today

156

Evaluating Digital Strategies for Storing and Retrieving Scholarly Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the advantages of digital documents for scholars and offers considerations for designing systems for storing and retrieving digital information products. Discusses conventional and electronic storage and retrieval; network costs; digital storage; search strategies; acquisition prices; and digital initiatives. (AEF)

Getz, Malcolm

1997-01-01

157

Pilots' Information Needs and Strategies for Operating in Icing Conditions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Pilot current use of icing information, pilot encounters and strategies for dealing with in-flight aircraft structural icing situations, and desired attributes of new icing information systems were investigated through a survey of pilots of several operational categories. The survey identified important information elements and fiequently used information paths for obtaining icing-related information. Free- response questions solicited descriptions of significant , icing encounters, and probed key icing-related decision and information criteria. Results indicated the information needs for the horizontal and vertical location of icing conditions and the identification of icing-free zones.

Vigeant-Langlois, Laurence N.; Hansman, R. John

2003-01-01

158

From the wall to the web: the use of bulletin boards and a web site to disseminate information about sex, gender and women's health.  

PubMed

Strategically placed bulletin boards were used to disseminate information about sex and gender biology and women's health competencies to medical students and faculty. This has proved to be an effective tool to rapidly introduce material when the curriculum cannot accommodate this new material. With the popularity of the internet, these bulletin boards were transferred to our website and became accessible to a greater audience both within and outside the medical center. This article describes the bulletin board sites, their content, and some of the benefits and problems visitors had. PMID:12235438

Levison, Sandra P; Weiss, Lucia Beck

2002-09-01

159

Designing a Public Web-Based Information System to Illustrate and Disseminate the Development and Results of the DESIRE Project to Combat Desertification.  

PubMed

Until around 1995 it was challenging to make the scientific results of research projects publicly available except through presentations at meetings or conferences, or as papers in academic journals. Then it began to be clear that the Internet could become the main medium to publish and share new information with a much wider audience. The DESIRE Project (desertification mitigation and remediation of land-a global approach for local solutions) has built on expertise gained in previous projects to develop an innovative online 'Harmonized Information System' (HIS). This documents the context, delivery and evaluation of all tasks in the DESIRE Project using non-scientific terminology, with much of it also available in the local languages of the study sites. The DESIRE-HIS makes use of new possibilities for communication, including video clips, interactive tools, and links to social media networks such as Twitter. Dissemination of research results using this approach has required careful planning and design. This paper sets out the steps that have culminated in a complete online Information System about local solutions to global land management problems in desertification-affected areas, including many practical guidelines for responsible land management. As many of those who are affected by desertification do not have Internet access, printable dissemination materials are also available on the DESIRE-HIS. PMID:23708265

Geeson, Nichola; Brandt, Jane; Quaranta, Giovanni; Salvia, Rosanna

2014-11-01

160

Designing a Public Web-Based Information System to Illustrate and Disseminate the Development and Results of the DESIRE Project to Combat Desertification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Until around 1995 it was challenging to make the scientific results of research projects publicly available except through presentations at meetings or conferences, or as papers in academic journals. Then it began to be clear that the Internet could become the main medium to publish and share new information with a much wider audience. The DESIRE Project (desertification mitigation and remediation of land—a global approach for local solutions) has built on expertise gained in previous projects to develop an innovative online `Harmonized Information System' (HIS). This documents the context, delivery and evaluation of all tasks in the DESIRE Project using non-scientific terminology, with much of it also available in the local languages of the study sites. The DESIRE-HIS makes use of new possibilities for communication, including video clips, interactive tools, and links to social media networks such as Twitter. Dissemination of research results using this approach has required careful planning and design. This paper sets out the steps that have culminated in a complete online Information System about local solutions to global land management problems in desertification-affected areas, including many practical guidelines for responsible land management. As many of those who are affected by desertification do not have Internet access, printable dissemination materials are also available on the DESIRE-HIS.

Geeson, Nichola; Brandt, Jane; Quaranta, Giovanni; Salvia, Rosanna

2014-11-01

161

Information Services and Systems Customer Engagement Strategy  

E-print Network

. To be effective, we need to: Understand our customers' needs for Library, ICT, Media, Corporate Information Committee). Regular customer engagement will be made possible through a variety of social media sites to respond to the comments and questions posted by users in a timely manner. (see ISS Social Media Policy

Martin, Ralph R.

162

Information Strategy of Nuclear Training Center Ljubljana in the Area of Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

Slovenia has plans to build a repository for low- and medium-radioactive waste by 2013, the location in the very neighborhood of nuclear power plant is almost chosen, but the final approval hasn't been granted yet. The main obstacle is public opinion. Public information activities are therefore vitally important. One of the most important players in this area in Slovenia is Nuclear Training Center in Ljubljana. Though its main task is training of nuclear professionals, it has a significant role in dissemination of knowledge about radioactivity and nuclear technology also among general public. Public information is focused on youngsters. Almost one half of every generation of schoolchildren in Slovenia visits the Information center yearly and in May 2007, we have celebrated the 100,000. visitor since its opening. Live lectures, exhibition, publications and laboratory demonstrations are offered. To measure the opinion of youngsters about nuclear power and get a feed-back for our activities about 1000 youngsters are polled every year since 1993 using the same basic set of questions. The paper describes the information strategy, types of lectures and information materials, permanent exhibition with the most important exhibits. Furthermore, the results of yearly polls of our visitors and comparison with relevant Euro-barometer polls are presented. (authors)

Jeneie, I. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Nuclear Training Center, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2008-07-01

163

Vertical Integration: Corporate Strategy in the Information Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles the corporate strategies of three sectors of the information industry and the trend toward consolidation in electronic publishing. Three companies' acquisitions are examined in detail using qualitative data from information industry columns and interpreting it on the basis of game theory. (EM)

Davenport, Lizzie; Cronin, Blaise

1986-01-01

164

Strategies of information search in causal analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five experiments investigated the relative prevalence of three search patterns that individuals may use in explaining events\\u000a with multiple possible causes: (1) parallel search—pursue information about all possible causes before making any causal judgments,\\u000a (2) serial search—clarify the role of one cause before considering any others, (3) truncated search—clarify the role of one\\u000a cause without proceeding to consider other causes.

Harriet Shaklee; Baruch Fischhoff

1982-01-01

165

Dissemination Strategies to Improve Implementation of the PHS Smoking Cessation Guideline in MCH Public Health Clinics: Experimental Evaluation Results and Contextual Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report results from an experimental study that tested the effectiveness of dissemination interventions to improve implementation of smoking cessation guidelines in maternal and child public health clinics. We additionally examine individual clinic results for contextual explanations not apparent from the experimental findings alone. Twelve…

Manfredi, Clara; Cho, Young Ik; Warnecke, Richard; Saunders, Stephen; Sullivan, Myrtis

2011-01-01

166

Overview of the state-of-the-practice in disseminating traffic information by advanced traffic management systems: Translink{trademark} innovative surface transportation management. Research report, September 1996--August 1997  

SciTech Connect

Recent improvements in traffic sensor and data acquisition methods now allow public agencies to expand the capabilities of their transportation management systems by providing a better representation of the network. By having the ability to acquire better traffic data, each agency has information that is more valuable to itself, to the public, and potentially to provide enterprise than similar information of just a few years ago. However, several procedural and institutional questions arise when an agency contemplates undertaking the acquisition and dissemination of traffic information. To determine how other agencies have answered these questions and to provide a practice of traffic information dissemination within the United States by conducting a survey of some of the agencies that are operating traffic management centers and disseminating traffic information. This project also synthesizes the findings.

Stout, T.; Poe, C.; Dixon, M.

1997-10-01

167

Dissemination Activities Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the first 24 months of the project, KP-Lab members were highly dedicated to dissemination and were engaged in various dissemination activities that contributed to the prime objective of the KP-Lab dissemination efforts which is "to make the project widely known to a variety of prospective users and, at a later stage, to promote the…

Barclay, Hanna; Batatia, Hudj; Bauters, Merja; Ben Ami, Zvi; Drachman, Raul; Flouris, Giorgos; Jadin, Tanja; Jalonen, Satu; Karlgren, Klas; Karpati, Andrea; Kotzinos, Dimitris; Lakkala, Minna; Lallimo, Jiri; Moen, Anne; Nygard, Kathrine; Paavola, Sami; Padiglia, Sheila; Scapolla, Marina; Sins, Patrick; Vasileva, Tania

2008-01-01

168

The Safe Start Initiative: Building and Disseminating Knowledge to Support Children Exposed to Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Safe Start Initiative promotes community investment in evidence-based strategies for preventing and reducing children's exposure to violence in the home and the community. This article describes the implementation of practice innovation in 26 communities across the United States and provides information on the national research, evaluation, training, and technical assistance, resource development, and broad dissemination components of the initiative.

Kristen Kracke; Elena P. Cohen

2008-01-01

169

Media Analysis of Early Dissemination of Canadian Child Maltreatment Surveillance Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A media strategy was developed to disseminate Canadian child maltreatment surveillance data. Print media were systematically searched and 29 articles reporting on the data were retrieved. Using content analysis, the articles were analyzed to assess informational accuracy and to understand how the media framed the issue of maltreatment. This…

Tonmyr, Lil; Jack, Susan

2010-01-01

170

Thermo2Pro: Knowledge dissemination for deep geothermal exploration  

E-print Network

1/12 Thermo2Pro: Knowledge dissemination for deep geothermal exploration Philippe Calcagno1 territoires, Voreppe, France # now at Kitware, Villeurbanne, France p.calcagno@brgm.fr Keywords: Deep geothermal exploration, information system, Web tool, sedimentary basin, dissemination. Abstract

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Information by Federal Agencies. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (April 29, June 26, October 18, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a complete record of testimony presented at a series of hearings before the U.S. Congress on the electronic collection and dissemination of information by federal agencies. In looking at the effect of new computer and communications technology on government information activities and practices, the hearings considered such…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

172

Six Strategies for Beating the Competition for Information Technology Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Connecticut State University has achieved success in recruiting and retaining information technology (IT) workers through six strategies: modifying the administrative structure to make positions and salaries more attractive; grooming students for IT positions; promoting benefits of university employment; transferring state civil-service employees;…

Pernal, Michael

1999-01-01

173

A strategy and demonstration for integrated biotechnology information.  

PubMed

Bioinformatics has developed as a key discipline to support science. Integrated access to the various new and established information resources is a key requirement for their future utility. A strategy for this integration has been developed and is being demonstrated to a core group of European users. PMID:9553738

Jones, S B; Franklin, J

1998-02-01

174

On Strategies for Source Information Transmission over MIMO Systems  

E-print Network

On Strategies for Source Information Transmission over MIMO Systems Marco Zoffoli Dept of a zero mean Gaussian source over a 2Ã?2 MIMO channel with Rayleigh fading. The source is represented at the receiver will not be minimized. I. INTRODUCTION A Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) system is a system

Liebling, Michael

175

A Framework for Modeling Strategy, Business Processes and Information Systems  

E-print Network

. In order to continuously improve its business knowledge and to identify problems and possible solutionsA Framework for Modeling Strategy, Business Processes and Information Systems André Vasconcelos to continuously improve its knowledge and to identify problems and possible solutions, an organization requires

176

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

177

What information strategy responding to social needs should be?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the contemporary social phenomena that people think much of diversity of value, they are concerned with differentiation from others. Consumers' tendency to seek unique goods is common to all, giving impetus to makers' attitude that they try to produce varieties of goods but small amount for each. Consequently, life cycle of goods has become smaller than ever, and rapid and creative information gathering and utilization have become essential when makers produce goods responding to consumers' need. The author discusses how information strategy should be worked in the comprehensive business activities, and how information should be located as the powerful management resource.

Fujii, Kunihiko

178

Procedures for Creating a Media Environment to Help Change Teacher Role from Disseminating Information to Guiding Independent Learners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to show that preparation for and use of an audiovideo dial-select information retrieval system in a new middle school could help to change the teacher's role from that of dispenser of information to guide in an independent learning situation. Because of unavoidable delays in the installation of the dial-select equipment, the…

Sabella, Anthony C.

179

The use of social media and mobile device applications to disseminate natural hazard information by Natural Resources Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public expectation of near-instant and reliable information is constantly rising. Such expectation puts increasing demands on organizations charged with providing the public with information on hazard events in near-real-time, while ensuring quality and accuracy of content. Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) has responded by augmenting existing methods for earthquake information distribution with new and varied methods for relaying natural hazards information. We profile tools now employed operationally by NRCan to distribute earthquake information to emergency measures organizations, news media and the public. Also presented will be an example of a smart-'phone application which includes several tools for natural hazard preparedness and response, supplemented with automated real-time alerts.

Bird, A. L.; Ulmi, M.; Majewski, C.; Hayek, K.; Edwards, W.; McCormack, D. A.; Cole, R. T.; de Paor, D. R.

2011-12-01

180

Information Management Strategies for Program Tracking and Formative Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Institute for Broadening Participation (IBP) has developed information management systems to facilitate programmatic formative evaluation, tracking and outreach activities. Nearly a decade of design solutions and technical implementations in support of IBP's professional development and mentoring programs for students (including the "Pathways to Ocean Science," "Minorities Striving and Pursuing Higher Degrees of Success" in Earth System Science, and "Pathways to Engineering") has provided IBP with a toolbox of proven strategies for addressing program engagement and participant tracking, outreach, and a variety of other information management needs. In this session, IBP will use case-specific examples to share general design strategies for program participant and activities data collection in REUs and other program types. The cases will illustrate an approach that begins with a review of program logic, objectives, expected outcomes, constraints and requirements, which then informs a comprehensive system design. When implemented, such information systems improve administrative efficiency through streamlined data collection processes and easy-to-use data capture forms, and a corresponding set of reporting tools provides access to data that is crucial for ongoing program improvement. IBP presents this information in response to collaborations with administrators of Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) programs as well as longer duration programs, who have expressed the need for more comprehensive and easy to use information systems. Recently IBP has also worked with the directors of NSF and NASA funded programs seeking assistance in addressing their formative evaluation needs including system design, information collection, and reporting efforts.

Siegfried, D.; Detrick, L.; Valaitis, S.; Johnson, A.; Thomas, S. H.; Fauver, A.

2013-05-01

181

Improving data management and dissemination in web based information systems by semantic enrichment of descriptive data aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The German–Vietnamese water-related information system for the Mekong Delta (WISDOM) project supports business processes in Integrated Water Resources Management in Vietnam. Multiple disciplines bring together earth and ground based observation themes, such as environmental monitoring, water management, demographics, economy, information technology, and infrastructural systems.This paper introduces the components of the web-based WISDOM system including data, logic and presentation tier. It

Steffen Gebhardt; Thilo Wehrmann; Verena Klinger; Ingo Schettler; Juliane Huth; Claudia Künzer; Stefan Dech

2010-01-01

182

Disseminating the Results of Nursing Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a model designed to expedite the communication of information from the nurse researcher to the practicing nurse actively involved in health care. The four model components, recruitment, translation, dissemination, and evaluation, are discussed in detail. (CT)

King, Daniel; And Others

1981-01-01

183

Aircrew Discourse: Exploring Strategies of Information and Action Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper explores methodology issues encountered in the analysis of flightcrew communications in aviation simulation research. Examples are provided by two recent studies which are compared on three issues: level of analysis, data definition, and interpretation of the results. The data discussed were collected in a study comparing two levels of aircraft automation. The first example is an investigation of how pilots' information transfer strategies differed as a function of automation during low and high-workload flight phases. The second study focuses on how crews managed actions in the two aircraft during a ten minute, high-workload flight segment. Results indicated that crews in the two aircraft differed in their strategies of information and action management. The differences are discussed in terms of their operational and research significance.

Irwin, Cheryl M.; Veinott, Elizabeth S.; Shafto, Michael G. (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

184

Disseminating the Right Information to the Right Audience: Cultural Determinants in the Use (and Misuse) of Rankings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rankings and league tables, or Report Cards (RCs), of Higher Education Institutions have become a global phenomenon. Their purpose, it is claimed, is to help "student-consumers" make informed decisions. Yet the degree to which RCs succeed in helping students in their college choice is disputed. Even though RCs are intended for all, which…

Cremonini, Leon; Westerheijden, Don; Enders, Jurgen

2008-01-01

185

An assessment of use of radio in agricultural information dissemination: a case study of radio Benue in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the use of radio as a medium of agricultural information delivery to farmers in Benue State, Nigeria. The objective was to determine the impact of radio agricultural programmes on the target audience (farmers). The data were collected from a sample of one hundred respondents selected through a simple random sampling technique. The data were analyzed with descriptive

O. J. Okwu; A. A. Kuku; J. I. Aba

186

Image Storage and Transmission Systems for the Dissemination of Information, AGARD Conference Proceedings No. 92 (Oslo, Norway, September 9, 1971).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contents of this proceedings are: An experimental text-access system; Computer aided input of graphic information by keyboarding under visual control of display as applied to chemical structures; Packet switching network; Phototransmission and video storage; Planning and development of computer output on microfilm for a commercial application.…

North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Neuilly-sur-Seine (France). Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development.

187

Improving data management and dissemination in web based information systems by semantic enrichment of descriptive data aspects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The German-Vietnamese water-related information system for the Mekong Delta (WISDOM) project supports business processes in Integrated Water Resources Management in Vietnam. Multiple disciplines bring together earth and ground based observation themes, such as environmental monitoring, water management, demographics, economy, information technology, and infrastructural systems. This paper introduces the components of the web-based WISDOM system including data, logic and presentation tier. It focuses on the data models upon which the database management system is built, including techniques for tagging or linking metadata with the stored information. The model also uses ordered groupings of spatial, thematic and temporal reference objects to semantically tag datasets to enable fast data retrieval, such as finding all data in a specific administrative unit belonging to a specific theme. A spatial database extension is employed by the PostgreSQL database. This object-oriented database was chosen over a relational database to tag spatial objects to tabular data, improving the retrieval of census and observational data at regional, provincial, and local areas. While the spatial database hinders processing raster data, a "work-around" was built into WISDOM to permit efficient management of both raster and vector data. The data model also incorporates styling aspects of the spatial datasets through styled layer descriptions (SLD) and web mapping service (WMS) layer specifications, allowing retrieval of rendered maps. Metadata elements of the spatial data are based on the ISO19115 standard. XML structured information of the SLD and metadata are stored in an XML database. The data models and the data management system are robust for managing the large quantity of spatial objects, sensor observations, census and document data. The operational WISDOM information system prototype contains modules for data management, automatic data integration, and web services for data retrieval, analysis, and distribution. The graphical user interfaces facilitate metadata cataloguing, data warehousing, web sensor data analysis and thematic mapping.

Gebhardt, Steffen; Wehrmann, Thilo; Klinger, Verena; Schettler, Ingo; Huth, Juliane; Künzer, Claudia; Dech, Stefan

2010-10-01

188

Final report. Geothermal Energy Program: Information dissemination, public outreach, and technical analysis activities. April 1, 1999 to December 31, 2001. USDOE Grant No. DE-FG01-99-EE35098  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the accomplishments of the geothermal energy program: information dissemination, public outreach, and technical analysis activities by the project team consisting of the Geo-Heat Center, Geothermal Resources Council, Geothermal Education Office, Geothermal Energy Association, and the Washington State University Energy Program.

Lund, John W.

2002-03-22

189

Optimization of Secondary Concentrators with the Continuous Information Entropy Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this contribution, a method for global optimization of noisy functions, the Continuous Information Entropy Strategy (CIES), is explained and its applicability for the optimization of solar concentrators is shown. The CIES is efficient because all decisions made during optimizations are based on criteria that are derived from the concept of information entropy. Two secondary concentrators have been optimized with the CIES. The optimized secondary concentrators convert circular light distributions of round focal spots to square light distributions to match with the shape of square PV cells. The secondary concentrators are highly efficient and have geometrical concentration ratios of 2.25 and 8 respectively. Part of this material has been published in: T. C. Schmidt, "Information Entropy-Based Decision Making in Optimization", Ph.D. Thesis, Philipps University Marburg, 2010.

Schmidt, Tobias Christian; Ries, Harald

2010-10-01

190

Strategis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Strategis is a web site developed by Industry Canada to provide business information resources to Canadian businesses. Resources available include a searchable database of Canadian companies, business information for each sector, a list of business support services, and a guide to business laws and regulation. The International Business Information Network offers information about business opportunities abroad; Trade Data Online provides Canadian and US trade data. A collection of research publications by Industry Canada and monthly economic indicators on the economy are additional economic resources found at this site. Users can view this site in French or English.

1998-01-01

191

Cell phone utilization among foreign-born Latinos: a promising tool for dissemination of health and HIV information.  

PubMed

Latinos in the US are disproportionately affected by HIV and are at risk for late presentation to care. Between June 2011 and January 2012, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 209 Baltimore Latinos at community-based venues to evaluate the feasibility of using information communication technology-based interventions to improve access to HIV testing and education within the Spanish-speaking community in Baltimore. Participants had a median age of 33 years interquartile range (IQR) (IQR 28-42), 51.7 % were male, and 95.7 % were foreign-born. Approximately two-thirds (63.2 %) had been in the US less than 10 years and 70.1 % had been previously tested for HIV. Cell phone (92.3 %) and text messaging (74.2 %) was used more than Internet (52.2 %) or e-mail (42.8 %) (p < 0.01). In multivariate analysis, older age and lower education were associated with less utilization of Internet, e-mail and text messaging, but not cell phones. Interest was high for receiving health education (73.1 %), HIV education (70.2 %), and test results (68.8 %) via text messaging. Innovative cell phone-based communication interventions have the potential to link Latino migrants to HIV prevention, testing and treatment services. PMID:23440452

Leite, Lorena; Buresh, Megan; Rios, Naomi; Conley, Anna; Flys, Tamara; Page, Kathleen R

2014-08-01

192

Dissemination of evidence-based parenting and family support strategies: Learning from the Triple P—Positive Parenting Program system approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the evidence for parenting skills training and behavioral family intervention (BFI), and the need for early intervention and prevention programs. It presents a conceptual framework for a comprehensive multilevel parenting and family support strategy for reducing the prevalence of parenting difficulties and other family risk factors associated with child maltreatment and the development of behavioral and emotional

Karen M. T. Turner; Matthew R. Sanders

2005-01-01

193

Curriculum strategies to improve baccalaureate nursing information technology outcomes.  

PubMed

Improving information technology (IT) outcomes is a top nursing education priority. Improving care access, quality, and cost effectiveness, IT skills are vital for professional development and advancement. Nursing programs have embraced distance learning and added informatics content, courses, and specific technologies; however, undergraduates' and educators' skills are still considered inadequate. Meanwhile, the Nursing Informatics specialty has moved beyond IT competency articulation and measurement. It is promoting information literacy to support evidence-based practice and the cultivation of clinical wisdom. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative, a coalition aiming to advance IT outcomes in nursing education, has cited benchmarking and sharing best practices as key to achieving its goals. Thus, this article reports on the process, results, and implications of a project using curriculum strategies to enhance IT outcomes. A 3-year action plan directed faculty, student, and agency evaluation, curriculum mapping, model learning module, and documentation development. PMID:19260399

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

194

Collective Decision Making and Successful Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dissemination to 125 schools of a secondary individualized reading program created by P. K. Yonge Laboratory School was accomplished by a workshop and by the formation into implementation teams of persons responsible for different levels of decisions. Evaluations support the use of this team-based change strategy. (SJL)

Corbett, Wellesley T., Jr.; Guttinger, Hellen I.

1979-01-01

195

Electronic Dissemination of Government Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. The first report, from the Government Accounting Office (GAO), studies the impact of providing documents solely in electronic format, and hypothesizes on what could be gained if some of the functions of the GPO were taken over by the Library of Congress.

2001-01-01

196

We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

PubMed Central

There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) manual only, review of the manual plus access to a CBT training Web site, or review of the manual plus a didactic seminar followed by supervised casework. The primary outcome measure was the clinicians' ability to demonstrate key CBT interventions, as assessed by independent ratings of structured role plays. Statistically significant differences favoring the seminar plus supervision over the manual only condition were found for adherence and skill ratings for 2 of the 3 role plays, with intermediate scores for the Web condition. PMID:15709837

Sholomskas, Diane E.; Syracuse-Siewert, Gia; Rounsaville, Bruce J.; Ball, Samuel A.; Nuro, Kathryn F.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

2008-01-01

197

Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

2013-01-01

198

A Primer on Disseminating Applied Quantitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transparency and replication are essential features of scientific inquiry, yet scientific communications of applied quantitative research are often lacking in much-needed procedural information. In an effort to promote researchers dissemination of their quantitative studies in a cohesive, detailed, and informative manner, the authors delineate…

Bell, Bethany A.; DiStefano, Christine; Morgan, Grant B.

2010-01-01

199

An epidemic model for information diffusion in MANETs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Choosing appropriate information dissemination strategies is crucial in mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) due to the frequent topology changes. Flooding-based approaches like diffusion have a strong similarity with epidemic spreading of diseases. Applying epidemiological models to information diffusion allows the evaluation of such strategies depending on the MANET characteristics, e.g. the node density. In order to choose appropriate strategies at

Abdelmajid Khelil; Christian Becker; Jing Tian; Kurt Rothermel

2002-01-01

200

Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology. Testimony before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony discusses ways in which some federal government agencies use technology to provide the public with cheaper, faster access to a wider range of information which can be searched and manipulated in ways never possible on the printed page. Technologies included in the discussion are compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM), electronic…

Brock, Jack L., Jr.

201

The Technical Chamber of Greece Digital Library: The Vision of a Special Organisation to Save and Disseminate Its Information Work Through the Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation discusses the creation of a digital library which contains scientific work produced by the Technical Chamber\\u000a of Greece and disseminated to its members through post or library services. The Technical Chamber of Greece (TEE) is the technical consultant to the Government as well as the professional organisation of greek engineers (numbering\\u000a more than 60.000). Among TEE activities, it

Katerina Toraki; Sarantos Kapidakis

1998-01-01

202

Alignment of a firm's competitive strategy and information technology management sophistication: the missing link  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for establishing a link between information technology (IT) management strategies and a firm's competitive strategy has been identified and discussed in the literature. In this paper, factors for measuring IT management sophistication are identified first. Then the effects of the competitive strategy on IT management sophistication are tested empirically. According to a survey of 213 managers, this study

Yash P. Gupta; Jahangir Karimi; Toni M. Somers

1997-01-01

203

Informed Strategies for Learning: A Program to Improve Children's Reading Awareness and Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informed Strategies for Learning (ISL) was designed to increase children's awareness and use of effective reading strategies. This study demonstrated that metacognition can be promoted through direct instruction (ISL) in the classroom. Increased awareness can lead to better use of reading strategies. (DWH)

Paris, Scott G.; And Others

1984-01-01

204

Application of information gain based heuristic search in optimal test strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of constructing optimal test strategy to diagnose permanent faults in electronic and electromechanical systems is considered. The test strategy problem is formulated as an optimal binary decision construction problem, whose solution is known to be NP-complete. Our approach integrates information gain of test into heuristic search methods to subdue the computational explosion of the optimal test strategy problem.

Wan Ming; Fan Xiaoguang; Zhang Fengming; Nan Jianguo

2010-01-01

205

77 FR 41370 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-07-13

206

77 FR 47361 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-08-08

207

Designation : the use of information-based strategies in planning and preservation  

E-print Network

This thesis explores one tool of government action - information - and its influence on local policy and planning. This thesis is not a comprehensive account of information-based strategies, which would require far-reaching ...

McCarthy, Danielle M

2005-01-01

208

Dissemination and School Improvement in Educational Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Updating a 1978 literature review, this document assembles five articles analyzing recent research on how various types of educational agencies disseminate information for school improvement. Each article summarizes literature relevant to one type of educational agency, discusses interrelationships among the research findings, and assesses the…

McKibbin, Sue, Ed.; Malkas, Mark, Ed.

209

Computer software management, evaluation, and dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center involving the collection, processing, and distribution of software developed under the auspices of NASA and certain other federal agencies are reported. Program checkout and evaluation, inventory control, customer services and marketing, dissemination, program maintenance, and special development tasks are discussed.

1983-01-01

210

The AFT Educational Research and Dissemination Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure is developed to provide information for local unions within the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) who may be interested in becoming Education Research and Dissemination (ER&D) sites. The following questions are addressed: (1) What Is ER&D? (2) What Can ER&D Accomplish? (3) What Makes ER&D Different? (4) What Do ER&D Participants…

American Federation of Teachers, 2007

2007-01-01

211

Virgin Islands Educational Dissemination System. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on a 5-year project developed by the Department of Education of the U.S. Virgin Islands to create a useful information and technical assistance system for professional personnel to bring about educational change and growth. The project was based on the original Interstate Project in Dissemination model (with the exception…

Oliver, James M.; And Others

212

Pursuing Information: A Conversation Analytic Perspective on Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on second language (L2) communication strategies over the past three decades has concerned itself broadly with defining their usage in terms of planning and compensation, as well as with the use of taxonomies for coding different types of strategies. Taking a Conversation Analytic (CA) perspective, this article examines the fine-grained…

Burch, Alfred R.

2014-01-01

213

On Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System  

E-print Network

On Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System Steven M the use of data fusion techniques. Although these improvements have been observed from the fusion effective retrieval strategies in the same information retrieval system. From this, we show that data fusion

214

The Relationship between Hospital Financial Performance and Information Technology Integration Strategy Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the new healthcare regulations, hospitals are increasingly reevaluating their IT integration strategies to meet expanded healthcare information exchange requirements. Nevertheless, hospital executives do not have all the information they need to differentiate between the available strategies and recognize what may better fit their…

Xie, Yue

2012-01-01

215

Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

Tsai, Meng-Jung

2009-01-01

216

WERS98 Data Dissemination Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website, brought online last month, is designed to help users with access to and analysis of data from the 1998 Workplace Employee Relations Survey (WERS98) of Great Britain. WERS maps the patterns of employment relations practice in Britain, monitors changes in such practices over time, and provides assessments of the effects of public policy. In addition to providing a link to the raw data from WERS at the University of Essex, the Data Dissemination site offers copies of the surveys and interview scripts from WERS, an Introductory Guide to the Analysis of WERS98, data tabulations, a list of related publications and links, and access to a WERS user group, allowing teachers, students, and researchers to exchange information concerning data analysis. The site is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

217

Taxonomy of information technology strategy and its impact on the performance of third-party logistics (3PL) in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a taxonomy of information technology strategies used by third-party logistics (3PL) firms in China based on a cluster analysis of survey data from 105 of these 3PL firms. The information technology strategies have been classified into three major groups: supportive, technological, and aligned. The paper also investigates the effect of information technology strategies on information technology advantage,

F. Lai; X. Zhao; Q. Wang

2007-01-01

218

INFORMATION SEEKING STRATEGIES USED BY OLDER PEOPLE Paul Curzon  

E-print Network

to facilitate this we are exploring a Pro-active design philosophy which stresses the need for ensuring for the general population to access information from the web. Government is being encouraged to use the web of the information. We start from the premise that improvements in information and communication technologies have

Curzon, Paul

219

Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free…

Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

2012-01-01

220

Myxovirus dissemination by air.  

PubMed

Myxoviruses including 150 strains of parainfluenza 1, 15 of parainfluenza 3 and five of influenza B virus were isolated from nasopharyngeal secretions obtained from 300 children less than 3 years of age who developed acute laryngotracheobronchitis during the preceding 48 hours. The patients were examined between October 1966 and January 1967, the peak monthly rate of virus isolation (67%) occurring during January. Parainfluenza 1 virus was isolated from air obtained in the vicinity of one of 30 children whose nasopharyngeal secretions yielded this agent. Samples comprising 150 litres of air were collected for virus assay by placing an Andersen sampler about 60 cm. from the child's face inside an oxygen tent which surrounded the patient. These findings confirm previous observations that parainfluenza 1 virus is the dominant agent associated with acute laryngotracheobronchitis in children in Toronto, and they show that this virus is disseminated in the air. PMID:4290621

McLean, D M; Bannatyne, R M; Givan, K F

1967-06-01

221

Myxovirus Dissemination by Air  

PubMed Central

Myxoviruses including 150 strains of parainfluenza 1, 15 of parainfluenza 3 and five of influenza B virus were isolated from nasopharyngeal secretions obtained from 300 children less than 3 years of age who developed acute laryngotracheobronchitis during the preceding 48 hours. The patients were examined between October 1966 and January 1967, the peak monthly rate of virus isolation (67%) occurring during January. Parainfluenza 1 virus was isolated from air obtained in the vicinity of one of 30 children whose nasopharyngeal secretions yielded this agent. Samples comprising 150 litres of air were collected for virus assay by placing an Andersen sampler about 60 cm. from the child's face inside an oxygen tent which surrounded the patient. These findings confirm previous observations that parainfluenza 1 virus is the dominant agent associated with acute laryngotracheobronchitis in children in Toronto, and they show that this virus is disseminated in the air. PMID:4290621

McLean, D. M.; Bannatyne, R. M.; Givan, Kathleen F.

1967-01-01

222

Assimilating information technology innovations: strategies and moderating influences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the process of new technology assimilation with an objective of understanding what specific organizational strategies facilitate the assimilation process. A four-cell conceptual framework is synthesized from prior research, which differentiates between two units of analysis responsible for assimilation-an individual or the organization. Depending on the specific location of an organization and a technology within this framework, as

Ritu Agarwal; Mohan Tanniru; David Wilemon

1997-01-01

223

Strategies for Data-Informed Labor Market Responsiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Central Arizona College (CAC) has leveraged EMSI to design the most effective regional strategies for academic/economic prediction analysis. Accessing current and reliable data on occupations, skills requirements, and demographics, CAC can extract, analyze, and present this data to academic programs, advisory boards, economic development councils,…

Heiland, Linda; Brown, William

2008-01-01

224

Communicating Research to Small Drinking Water Systems: Dissemination by Researchers  

EPA Science Inventory

This talk discusses the challenges of disseminating research relevant to small systems. The presentation discusses efforts by the U.S. EPA’s Office of Research and Development to effectively communicating drinking water information. In particular, communication approaches ...

225

Independence of Contributing Retrieval Strategies in Data Fusion for Effective Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

IRSG98 1 Independence of Contributing Retrieval Strategies in Data Fusion for Effective Information (asmeaton@CompApp.DCU.IE) Abstract: In information retrieval, data fusion is a technique for combining for engineering any kind of information system based on combining the ranked retrieval of objects. 1. Introduction

Smeaton, Alan F.

226

Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System1  

E-print Network

Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System Information Retrieval Laboratory Department of Computer Science Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, IL information retrieval system. Furthermore, our experiments have shown that the ratio of relevant to non

Chowdhury, Abdur

227

Communicating about the risks and benefits of genetically modified foods. Effects of different information strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reported here aimed to investigate the effects of different types of information about genetically modified foods on both consumer attitudes towards genetic modification and their tendency to choose genetically modified products (compared to more traditionally manufactured alternatives). The impact of information strategy (balanced, or product specific), attributed information source (The “European Association of Consumers”, the “European Association of

Lynn Frewer; Joachim Scholderer; Clive Downs; Lone Bredahl

2000-01-01

228

A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

2014-01-01

229

Information portals: a strategy for importing external content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intranets and portals are supposed to provide an infrastructure through which end-users can gain effective access to information sources needed to assist in daily tasks such as effective decision making, planning and research. This paper discusses the current lack of clarity on how to address the external information issue in conjunction with the current popularity of portals and their multiplicity,

Pieter Van Brakel

2003-01-01

230

Library and Information Science Research: Perspectives and Strategies for Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 28 essays in this collection provide an overview of research in library/information science (LIS), present a practical context of such research, and consider related issues and concerns. The essays are: (1) "The Elusive Nature of Research in LIS" (Peter Hernon); (2) "Guides to Conducting Research in Library and Information Science" (Ronald R.…

McClure, Charles R., Ed.; Hernon, Peter, Ed.

231

Accommodating the Informal Sector: A Strategy for Urban Environmental Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Livelihoods of the urban poor, particularly the informal economic activities operating on streets and other public places, are usually seen as undesirable for environmental management by urban authorities which are preoccupied with keeping their cities clean. Hence, informal sector activities are often seen as ««eye-sores»» and are evicted from city centers in the name of ««public cleanliness and orderliness»». However,

L. A. S. R. Perera; A. T. M. N. Amin

1996-01-01

232

Efcient Data Dissemination in Overlays  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose adaptive data dissemination al- gorithms for intelligently routing search queries in a peer- to-peer network. In our mechanism nodes build content syn- opses of their data and adaptively disseminate them to the most appropriate nodes. Based on the content synopses, a routing mechanism is being built to forward the queries to those nodes that have

Dung Vu; Thomas Repantis; Vana Kalogeraki

233

Efficient Data Dissemination in Overlays  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose adaptive data dissemination algorithms for intelligently routing search queries in a peer-to-peer network. In our mechanism nodes build content synopses of their data and adaptively disseminate them to the most appropriate nodes. Based on the content synopses, a routing mechanism is being built to forward the queries to those nodes that have a high probability

Dung Vu; Thomas Repantis; Vana Kalogeraki

2009-01-01

234

The Role of IQ in the Use of Cognitive Strategies to Learn Information from a Map  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of IQ in individual differences in real-life problem solving and strategies use was explored. Repeated trials of learning and recall of information from a map were analyzed with high IQ and average IQ Korean students. IQ correlated with the selection and use of strategies in recall. However, the performance and strategic behaviors of…

Cho, Seokhee

2010-01-01

235

Information Searching Strategies in Web-Based Science Learning: The Role of Internet Self-Efficacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that explored Taiwanese college freshmen students' information searching strategies in Web-based science learning activities and examined the influences of students' self-efficacy on these strategies. Discusses the use of in-depth case studies and comparisons to analyze students' Web-based searching and learning achievement,…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2003-01-01

236

Knowledge revision in systems based on an informed tree search strategy: application to cartographic generalisation  

E-print Network

Knowledge revision in systems based on an informed tree search strategy: application. The principle of this kind of strategy is to use problem-specific knowledge beyond the definition of the problem to define problem-specific knowledge (heuristics). The efficiency and the effectiveness of systems based

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

237

77 FR 56194 - Promising and Practical Strategies to Increase Postsecondary Success; Request for Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...www.ed.gov/college-completion/promising-strategies...information (name, title, phone number, and email address...services, early and middle college programs, successful...Clear descriptions of the college completion obstacle addressed...Communities Mentoring Mobile Devices Modular...

2012-09-12

238

Disseminated encephalomyelitis in adults.  

PubMed

Disseminated encephalomyelitis (DEM) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease that is common in children, but also appears in adults. It is often misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS) from which it differs in its clinical presentation, course of disease and prognosis. Some aspects of DEM overlap with neuromyelitis optica (NMO), another demyelination disease of CNS that was for a long time regarded as part of the MS spectrum, until discovery of the aquaporin-4 antibodies, claimed to be specific for NMO. The clinical symptoms of both may be similar, and their clinical courses may be monophasic or multiphasic, mild but also very aggressive. Neuroimaging in both diseases is characterized by large demyelinating lesions in the spinal cord extending over several segments, and/or in the brain often involving the locations of astrocytes water channels. Our cases of monophasic, multiphasic and recurrent DEM, invoking possible causative triggers, point to the conclusion that DEM has to be regarded as a separate disease; its similarities with NMO raise the expectations that other specific autoantibodies will be identified to explain DEM and its variations. PMID:18703274

Brinar, Vesna V; Poser, Charles M

2008-11-01

239

POLYDOC\\/COINDOC: A System for Internal Storage, Retrieval, and Dissemination of Information; COINDOC: What Can it do for You and How does it Work? (Supplementary Paper)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Costly time is wasted in inefficient pursuit of information which is known to exist or that one hopes to find. COINDOC is a tool in the process of indexing storing, retrieving and distributing information from documents, and it can help solve internal information problems. POLYDOC\\/COINDOC is a system developed by Norwegian Centre for Informaties, NSI, as a pack of modul

H. K. Krog

2012-01-01

240

Test Information Targeting Strategies for Adaptive Multistage Testing Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive multistage testlet (MST) designs appear to be gaining popularity for many large-scale computer-based testing programs. These adaptive MST designs use a modularized configuration of preconstructed testlets and embedded score-routing schemes to prepackage different forms of an adaptive test. The conditional information targeting (CIT)…

Luecht, Richard M.; Burgin, William

241

Human Trafficking, Information Campaigns, and Strategies of Migration Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information campaigns have been launched since the 1990s in central and eastern Europe to prevent human trafficking and undocumented migration. They attempt to reduce emigration before migrants reach the border and therefore take place within the reinforcement of migration controls. They are designed to discourage potential migrants from leaving by promoting a negative image of migration to western Europe, thus

Céline Nieuwenhuys; Antoine Pécoud

2007-01-01

242

Providing Information for Business: Government Strategy for the Online World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments assume a major role in providing information resources for business as a way of promoting national development. This has proven to be a much more demanding task than one might suppose, given the diversity and complexity of business needs and the limitation of government resources for undertaking the task. This chapter will: (1) identify the challenges posed for government

Tanya Castleman

243

Strategies for finding government information by older people  

E-print Network

this in the light of psychological and neurological research on the effects of ageing on cognitive skills government services on the web. This information provides important access to services for older and disabled online. Despite this they are little used. Pinder argues that this is due to the poor usability and poor

Curzon, Paul

244

OBJECT CONTEXT INFORMATION FOR ADVANCED FOREST CHANGE CLASSIFICATION STRATEGIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a contextual classification approach to classify complex forest change classes. Multi temporal forest change classifications are performed comparing the 1989 baseline for the Kyoto definition of ARD (Afforestation, Reforestation and Deforestation) with the status in 2000 for test territories in Siberia with extensive ground truth information from forest inventory. The differentiation of human induced forest cover change

S. Hese; C. Schmullius

245

A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the relative efficacy of adding voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to information dissemination in reducing HIV-related risk behaviors among Hong Kong male cross-border truck drivers.  

PubMed

Mobile populations are vulnerable to contracting HIV. The present study aims to evaluate the relative efficacy of the voluntary counseling and testing plus information dissemination (VCT-ID) approach versus the information dissemination (ID) approach for promoting HIV preventive behaviors in a mobile population, cross-border truck drivers. A total of 301 adult male cross-border truck drivers who self-reported having had sex with female sex workers (FSW) or non-regular sex partners (NRPs) in mainland China in the last 12 months were recruited and randomized into the VCT-ID intervention group (Group I) or ID control group (Group C). Anonymous structured questionnaires, administered through a computer-assisted method, were used to collect data. At the follow-up survey (about 8-9 weeks since the baseline survey), Group I participants, as compared to Group C participants, were more likely to be consistent condom users when having sex with FSW (85.5% versus 68.5%, p<0.05) and with NRP (54.8% versus 36.4%, p<0.1), more knowledgeable about HIV, and were less likely to have contracted sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in the last two months. The VCT-ID approach is shown to be more efficacious than the ID approach in promoting safer sex and HIV-related knowledge among local cross-border truck drivers. Feasibility of providing voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) services at locations which are convenient to the target population is demonstrated. It also shows that VCT services can be used as a means of HIV prevention. The findings of this study resulted in up-scaled VCT services for the local target population. PMID:20390477

Lau, Joseph T F; Tsui, Hi Yi; Cheng, Shannon; Pang, Margaret

2010-01-01

246

Talk as a Metacognitive Strategy during the Information Search Process of Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper describes a metacognitive strategy related to the social dimension of the information search process of adolescents. Method: A case study that used naturalistic methods to explore the metacognitive thinking nd associated emotions of ten adolescents. The study was framed by Kuhlthau's Information Search Process model and…

Bowler, Leanne

2010-01-01

247

Writing Instructional Intervention Supplement (Benchmarks, Informal Assessments, Strategies), Grades 4-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Writing Instructional Intervention Supplement from the Mississippi Department of Education contains benchmarks, informal assessments, and suggested teaching strategies for the fourth through eighth grades. Benchmarks outline what students should know and be able to do to meet mandated competencies. Informal and observational assessments…

Mississippi State Dept. of Education, Jackson.

248

Information Assurance and Corporate Strategy: A Delphi Study of Choices, Challenges, and Developments for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we identified processes associated with strengthening the alignment between information assurance, information systems and corporate strategies so that organizations could more effectively address legal and regulatory challenges. Our results are based on data gathered from 43 preliminary interviews and a subsequent Delphi exercise. The Delphi panel rated these processes in terms of desirability and feasibility. After three

Elspeth McFadzean; Jean-Noël Ezingeard; David William Birchall

2011-01-01

249

Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

250

Social network analysis: a powerful strategy, also for the information sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social network analysis (SNA) is not a formal theory in sociology but rather a strategy for investigating social structures. As it is an idea that can be applied in many fields, we study, in particular, its influence in the information sciences. Information scientists study publication, citation and co-citation networks, collaboration structures and other forms of social interaction networks. Moreover, the

Evelien Otte; Ronald Rousseau

2002-01-01

251

Motivation to learn and learning strategies : IT courses in a library and information science department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give an insight to the motivation processes and learning strategies of the students of the Library and Information Systems (LIS) Department of Alexander Technological Educational Institute (ATEI), Thessaloniki, in courses encompassing Information Technology (IT). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The students participated in the study between the 10th and 12th week of a 13-week

Aspasia Togia; Stella Korobili; Afrodite Malliari

2012-01-01

252

Generation of artificial biometric data enhanced with contextual information for game strategy-based behavioral biometrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the domain of strategy-based behavioral biometrics we propose the concept of profiles enhanced with spatial, temporal and contextual information. Inclusion of such information leads to a more stable baseline profile and as a result more secure systems. Such enhanced data is not always readily available and often is time consuming and expensive to acquire. One solution to this problem

Roman V. Yampolskiy; Venu Govindaraju

2008-01-01

253

OIT Risk Management Strategy Page 1 of 5 Office of Information Technology  

E-print Network

OIT Risk Management Strategy Page 1 of 5 Office of Information Technology IT Risk Management University's Office of Information Technology (OIT) provides IT services that are critical to the business) to resolve; may result in limited negative publicity Critical Extremely extended interruption to the service

254

The Information Seeking Strategies of High School Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on the use of the Artemis web-based interface http:\\/\\/artemis.goknow.com\\/artemis\\/index.adp). This program provides a digital library for students to search, organise, and evaluation science information related to project-based investigations. The primary feature of the Artemis interface is a focused search tool. Key scaffolding features in Artemis include the collections of web sites, driving question folders, a persistent workspace

Andrew T. Lumpe; Kyle Butler

2002-01-01

255

User strategies for handling information tasks in webcasts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Webcast systems support real-time webcasting, and may also support access to the stored webcasts. Yet, research rarely examines issues concerning the interface to webcast systems, another form of multimedia system. This paper focuses specifically on how stored webcasts are re-used. Sixteen participants performed three typical information tasks using ePresence, a webcasting system that handles both live and stored video, and

Christine Dufour; Elaine G. Toms; Jonathan Lewis; Ronald Baecker

2005-01-01

256

Herpes zoster (shingles), disseminated (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Herpes zoster (shingles) normally occurs in a limited area that follows a dermatome (see the "dermatome" picture). In individuals with damaged immune systems, herpes zoster may be widespread (disseminated), causing serious illness. Herpes ...

257

Business Information Strategy--The Strategic Use of Information and Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the strategic value of information technology in business activities focuses on the use of information and knowledge. Highlights include the role of information in value creation; information as a competitive factor; the company as a consumer of information; and methods necessary for the successful use of information. (eight…

Kalseth, Karl

1991-01-01

258

Disseminated sporotrichosis mimicking sarcoidosis.  

PubMed

A 40-year-old Caucasian man presented to the dermatology clinic at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, in February 2003, for the evaluation of three nonhealing ulcers. The patient's past medical history was significant for hypothyroidism and pulmonary sarcoidosis, the diagnosis of which was made in June 2000. In March 2000, the patient had complained of cough and shortness of breath. A purified protein derivative (PPD) (Mantoux text) was negative. Computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest revealed diffuse hilar and mediastinal adenopathy and bilateral interstitial and alveolar infiltrates. Although consistent with sarcoidosis, these findings were insufficient to exclude other etiologies, including disseminated fungal infection. Cultures and stains of subsequent bronchoscopy specimens failed to reveal any organisms, and histopathologic evaluation of the specimens was nondiagnostic. Based on the imaging studies and the negative cultures, a diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made, and the patient was started on therapy with prednisone. Before coming to our clinic, the patient had been on several courses of prednisone. In May 2002, the patient had presented to a private dermatologist with a 1-year history of a nonhealing 2.4 cm x 2.0 cm ulcer on the left medial forearm. Two biopsies were reported as nondiagnostic. The patient's presentation was interpreted as most consistent with Mycobacterium marinum infection, and so he was empirically treated with minocycline. This treatment was continued for almost 3 months without improvement in the ulcer. A few months after the minocycline had been discontinued, the patient was treated empirically for 2 months with ciprofloxacin. This treatment was also unsuccessful in ameliorating the ulcer. In between the two courses of antibiotics, specimens from the lesion were sent for bacterial and fungal cultures, which revealed normal skin flora. In January 2003, the patient returned to his private dermatologist with three ulcerations. In addition to the nonhealing ulcer on his left forearm, which he had acquired several months earlier, he had also developed a 3.0 cm ulcer on his right arm and a 3.0 cm ulcer on his central back. The patient refused biopsies at this visit. Given the patient's previous diagnosis of pulmonary sarcoidosis, it was thought that the skin lesions might represent ulcerative cutaneous sarcoidosis. Pyoderma gangrenosum was also considered to be a likely diagnosis. Therefore, the patient was started on a course of oral prednisone, an effective therapy for both sarcoidosis and pyoderma gangrenosum. Despite 1 month of treatment with 60 mg/day of prednisone, the ulcers increased, and the patient was subsequently referred to our clinic. Physical examination at the time of presentation revealed steroid acne on the trunk and upper extremities and three non-tender ulcers with erythematous, undermined borders (Figs 1-3). On the left arm, there was an adjacent nodule which the patient attributed to a scar from a previously healed ulcer. Histologic examination of biopsy specimens from all three sites showed similar findings. The lesion contained diffuse, suppurative, granulomatous, inflammatory infiltrates with extensive central necrosis. The infiltrates were composed of histiocytes, multinucleated foreign-body-type giant cells, plasma cells, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and neutrophil fragments. No organisms were seen in the initial, routinely stained sections. However, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining demonstrated small fungal spores (Fig. 4) morphologically consistent with sporotrichosis, within the cytoplasm of multinucleated histiocytic giant cells (Fig. 5). Additional stains for bacteria and acid-fast organisms were negative. Cultures of the biopsy specimens from all three sites grew Sporothrix schenckii. Further questioning of the patient failed to reveal an obvious source of the infection. The patient denied any history of traumatic skin inoculation and did not engage in gardening or other outdoor activities that are classically associated with sporotrichosis. The patien

Yang, Deborah J; Krishnan, Ravi S; Guillen, David R; Schmiege, Lorenz M; Leis, Paula F; Hsu, Sylvia

2006-04-01

259

Data Dissemination in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

In this report, we first describe the problem that we are dealing with i.e. data dissemination in multi-hop cognitive radio networks. To address this problem, we propose a channel selection strategy named 'SURF'. We evaluate the proposed channel selection strategy in both single-hop and multi-hop scenarios and compared it with relevant approaches. So far, one technical report and a poster is published as part of this work, while two publications are under review; one is in IEEE Communications Letters and the second one is in IEEE WoWMoM conference. In on-going works sections, we first mention some possible directions in the context of SURF. In addition to that, we mention different research problems that we are planning to deal during the course of this PhD dissertation.

Rehmani, Mubashir Husain

2011-01-01

260

On Bandwidth Allocation for Data Dissemination in Cellular Mobile Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless bandwidth is a scarce resource in a cellular mobile network. As such, it is important to effectively allocate bandwidth to each cell such that the overall system performance is optimized. Channel allocation strategies have been extensively studied for voice communications in cellular networks. However, for data dissemination applications, studies on bandwidth allocation have thus far been limited to a

Jianliang Xu; Dik L. Lee; Bo Li

2003-01-01

261

Jabs and barbs: ways to address misleading vaccination and immunisation information using currently available strategies.  

PubMed

Misleading vaccination information undermines confidence in vaccination and may lead to reductions in the effectiveness of vaccination programs. A number of regulatory techniques can be employed to challenge the spread of false information, including health care complaints, therapeutic goods laws, consumer protection laws and professional discipline. This article examines three case studies involving the publication of anti-vaccination information by non-professionally aligned organisations, by non-registered health professionals, and by registered health professionals under the National Law. The article examines the effectiveness of different regulatory responses and makes suggestions for future strategies to deal with the publication of demonstrably false information regarding vaccination. PMID:24218789

Wardle, Jon; Stewart, Cameron; Parker, Malcolm

2013-09-01

262

Dissemination of Student Research in a Canadian Master of Science in Physical Therapy Programme  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the extent of presentation and publication, as well as time to publication, of student research completed as a component of a Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MScPT) degree at a Canadian university. Method: The authors conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of MScPT research projects completed between 2003 and 2009, each undertaken by a group of MScPT students who carried out protocol development, ethics submission, data collection, analysis, and manuscript and poster preparation under the supervision of research advisors. Research advisors were e-mailed a request for citations of presentations and publications. Results: Advisors from 102 of 113 research projects completed from 2003 through 2009 provided information, for a response rate of 90.3%. Of the 102 groups, 53.9% disseminated findings through publication or presentation, 33.3% presented at one or more conferences, and 30.4% published at least one peer-reviewed journal article. Median time to publication was 21 months. Almost half the journal articles (47%) were published in Physiotherapy Canada. Conclusions: MScPT student research groups are disseminating their findings through publication or presentation at a moderate rate. Investigation of factors influencing dissemination is needed to develop strategies to facilitate knowledge transfer. PMID:24403678

O'Brien, Kelly; Evans, Cathy; Yoshida, Karen

2013-01-01

263

Using first nations children's perceptions of food and activity to inform an obesity prevention strategy.  

PubMed

Obesity and associated health risks disproportionately affect Aboriginal (First Nations) children in Canada. The purpose of this research study was to elicit First Nations children's perceptions of food, activity, and health to inform a community-based obesity prevention strategy. Fifteen 4th- and 5th-Grade students participated in one of three focus group interviews that utilized drawing and pile-sorting activities. We used an ecological lens to structure our findings. Analyses revealed that a variety of interdependent sociocultural factors influenced children's perceptions. Embedded within a cultural/traditional worldview, children indicated a preference for foods and activities from both contemporary Western and traditional cultures, highlighted family members as their main sources of health information, and described information gaps in their health education. Informed by children's perspectives, these findings offer guidance for developing an obesity prevention strategy for First Nations children in this community. PMID:22645224

Pigford, Ashlee-Ann E; Willows, Noreen D; Holt, Nicholas L; Newton, Amanda S; Ball, Geoff D C

2012-07-01

264

Exemplary Dissemination Programs for Intermediate Units Serving Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing information derived from documents, site visits, correspondence, and personal interviews re: 6 intermediate education units serving rural schools which were initially identified via a mail survey, this report describes intermediate education units with exemplary information dissemination programs. Varying considerably, each program is…

Edington, Everett; Hays, Leonard

265

Adaptive PushPull: Disseminating Dynamic Web Data  

E-print Network

issue in the dissemination of time­varying web data such as sports scores and stock prices with respect to the level of temporal coherency maintained, communication overheads, state space overheads.e., changes frequently). Examples of such data include sports information, news, and financial information

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

266

A Hierarchy Fuzzy MCDM Method for Studying Electronic Marketing Strategies in the Information Service Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the impacts of Electronic Commerce (EC) on the international marketing strategies of information service industries are studied. In seeking to blend humanistic concerns in this research with technological development by addressing challenges for deterministic attitudes, the paper examines critical environmental factors relevant to…

Tang, Michael T.; Tzeng, Gwo-Hshiung

267

Integrating the smartphone into a sound environmental information systems strategy: Principles, practices and a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartphones are both green technologies and an integral parts of green information systems that are beginning to make serious contributions toward a sustainable environment. We trace the rise of the smartphone, with particular attention given to the iPhone and its many applications. The fundamental differences between smartphone-based and more common Internet applications, and how these might enhance sustainable strategies for

Leyland F. Pitt; Michael Parent; Iris A. Junglas; Anthony Chan; Stavroula Spyropoulou

2011-01-01

268

77 FR 12284 - Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contractor, Protection Strategies Incorporated (PSI) of Arlington, VA, to access information...Order Number EP-G12H- 00323, contractor PSI of 2300 9th Street South, Suite 400, Arlington...Task Order Number EP-G12H-00323, PSI will require access to CBI submitted...

2012-02-29

269

Measuring the Informal Economy: A Validation Study of the Resource Generating Strategies Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article reports on the reliability and validity of a new instrument called the Resource Generating Strategies (RGS) Scale, which was created to measure participation in the informal economy. Method: Researchers interviewed 285 adult women who had received domestic violence services, were currently incarcerated, or were residing in…

Pyles, Loretta

2007-01-01

270

Information display from board wargame for marketing strategy identification Stphane Goria  

E-print Network

Information display from board wargame for marketing strategy identification Stéphane Goria SITE Team, LORIA laboratory, Nancy University France Stephane.goria@loria.fr Abstract Marketing warfare is an alternative solution for a company to defend itself or to win market parts. This approach presents consumer

Boyer, Edmond

271

A Guide to Resources on Youth as Leaders and Partners: Strategies, Programs, and Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indiana Youth Institute (IYI) is an intermediary agency which supports adults statewide who care about youth. This handbook, which considers young people as resources, serves as a bridge to more information on youth involvement. It defines youth leadership and participation; provides program ideas and strategies; lays the foundation for…

Ma, Xuan

272

Managing the Development of Information Products: An Experiential Learning Strategy for Product Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that technical communicators can retain their place on product development teams by re-engineering project environments. Describes an experiential learning strategy in project management to help technical communicators work with other information technology (IT) practitioners. Examines the solutions the teams produced for three projects…

Skelton, T. M.

2002-01-01

273

Context and process of informed consent for pharmacologic strategies in labor pain care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The care of women experiencing labor pain often challenges midwives to provide ethical informed consent for the pharmacologic strategies common in most of America’s childbearing environments. A systematic approach to this clinical dilemma begins with a conceptual understanding of the origins of labor pain stimuli, factors affecting their central nervous system processing, and the differentiation of the concepts of pain,

Nancy K. Lowe

2004-01-01

274

Position re nement for a navigating robot using motion information based on honey bee strategies  

E-print Network

Position re nement for a navigating robot using motion information based on honey bee strategies. The algorithm was inspired by techniques used by navigating honey bees and is based on separating close. The algorithm was implemented and tested using a mobile sensor. 1 Introduction It is known that the honey bee

Fisher, Bob

275

LANDSCAPE CONNECTIVITY AND SEED DISPERSAL CHARACTERISTICS INFORM THE BEST MANAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR EXOTIC PLANTS  

E-print Network

of suitable habitat within the landscape. Dispersal may be particularly important, and plants disperse#12;LANDSCAPE CONNECTIVITY AND SEED DISPERSAL CHARACTERISTICS INFORM THE BEST MANAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR EXOTIC PLANTS Emily S. Minor1,2 and Robert H. Gardner 1 1 Appalachian Laboratory, University of Maryland

Illinois at Chicago, University of

276

Internet-based information resource and discussion platform on GHG reduction strategies in Asia  

SciTech Connect

The website (www.ccasia.teri.res.in) provides a consolidated Internet based information source and platform for discussions on climate change issues in Asia. The effort has been successful in reaching the target audience and in stimulating awareness about the crucial debate on GHG (greenhouse gas) reduction strategies in Asia.

None

2000-12-28

277

Disseminating Educational Research with IT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and researchers need to use the research produced in education to improve their practice. However, the current modes of dissemination through journals and papers are often written for the expert community. The Telematics Centre at the University of Exeter (United Kingdom), School of Education provides creative solutions for the effective…

Davis, Niki

278

The dissemination of knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our study on a community of knowledge management (KM) practitioners in the aerospace industry reveals challenges in the dissemination of KM concepts and tools. In this paper, we identify four reasons: (1) disparity of the community's stated purpose and the actual motives of its members; (2) multidisciplinary nature of KM; (3) unique characteristics of the aerospace industry and its engineering

Hiroko N. Wilensky; David F. Redmiles; Norman Makoto Su

2009-01-01

279

The future of time and frequency dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

I will try to extrapolate the changes in the dissemination of time and frequency information that have taken place during the last 25 years to predict the future developments both in the methods of disseminating time and frequency and in the kinds of customers we will be asked to serve. Two important developments are likely to play pivotal roles in driving the evolution of dissemination. The first is the commercial availability of very high quality clocks -- devices whose performance may eventually rival that of the current generation of primary frequency standards. The widespread use of these devices may blur the traditional distinction between client and server, and may replace it with a more symmetrical interchange of data among peers. The second is the increasing demand for digital time and frequency information driven by the increasing sophistication of everything from traffic lights to electric power meters. The needs of these individual users may not tax the state of the art of primary frequency standards in principle, but their large numbers and wide geographical distribution present a technological challenge that is difficult to meet at a reasonable price using existing methods. Some of these problems may be solved (or at least addressed) using developments in communications and consumer electronics such as the increasing use of fiber-optic telephone circuits and the increasing bandwidth and sophistication of the cable network used to transmit television pictures. To be useful, these advances in hardware must stimulate parallel advances in software algorithms and methods. These advances are more difficult to predict with great confidence, but the developments of the last few years will be examined to provide some indications of the future.

Levine, Judah

1994-01-01

280

Game Theoretic Network Coding-aided MAC for Data Dissemination towards Energy Efficiency  

E-print Network

In this paper we propose game theoretic Medium Access Control (MAC) strategies for data dissemination scenarios. In particular, we use energy-based utility functions that inherently imply power-awareness, while we consider network coding techniques to eliminate the necessity of exchanging acknowledgement control packets. Simulation results show that our proposed strategies enhance the energy efficiency of the system and reduce the dissemination completion time compared to an optimized standard protocol.

Antonopoulos, Angelos

2012-01-01

281

How CEOs use management information systems for strategy implementation in hospitals.  

PubMed

Institutional and market changes seem to force hospitals across the Western world to revitalize their corporate strategies towards more cost efficiency on the one hand, and more flexibility towards customer demands on the other hand. Hospitals, however, apparently differ in the extent to which they are able to implement such strategies effectively. This paper explores whether these different levels of effectiveness depend on how hospitals' top managers' use of the available management information systems (MIS). Based on data obtained from the 218 CEOs of public hospitals in Spain, we analyze how CEOs' professional and educational backgrounds affect their use of MIS, and how the use of the MIS subsequently supports or inhibits the implementation of these strategic goals. The results indicate that CEOs with a predominant clinical background focus more on non-financial information for decision-making and prefer an interactive style of using MIS, which together support flexibility strategies. CEOs with a predominant administrative background seem more effective in establishing cost-reduction strategies, through their larger inclination to emphasize financial information in combination with a diagnostic use of the MIS. Implications for the strategic management of hospitals are outlined. PMID:16781001

Naranjo-Gil, David; Hartmann, Frank

2007-04-01

282

Multilocular disseminated tarlov cysts: importance of imaging.  

PubMed

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of our study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbo-sacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan in noninvasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by MR and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of TCs in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. Until date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to be followed for their management. PMID:25191117

Padma, Subramanyam; Sundaram, P Shanmuga

2014-01-01

283

Social learning strategies and predation risk: minnows copy only when using private information would be costly.  

PubMed

Animals can acquire information from the environment privately, by sampling it directly, or socially, through learning from others. Generally, private information is more accurate, but expensive to acquire, while social information is cheaper but less reliable. Accordingly, the 'costly information hypothesis' predicts that individuals will use private information when the costs associated with doing so are low, but that they should increasingly use social information as the costs of using private information rise. While consistent with considerable data, this theory has yet to be directly tested in a satisfactory manner. We tested this hypothesis by giving minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus) a choice between socially demonstrated and non-demonstrated prey patches under conditions of low, indirect and high simulated predation risk. Subjects had no experience (experiment 1) or prior private information that conflicted with the social information provided by the demonstrators (experiment 2). In both experiments, subjects spent more time in the demonstrated patch than in the non-demonstrated patch, and in experiment 1 made fewer switches between patches, when risk was high compared with when it was low. These findings are consistent with the predictions of the costly information hypothesis, and imply that minnows adopt a 'copy-when-asocial-learning-is-costly' learning strategy. PMID:18755676

Webster, M M; Laland, K N

2008-12-22

284

Leveraging social information systems : using blogs to inform technology strategy decisions  

E-print Network

In the knowledge economy there is a need to develop new methods for processing Internet-based information to achieve growth. This is particularly applicable in complex systems where fact and perception of reality influence ...

Seshasai, Satwiksai, 1980-

2011-01-01

285

Disseminated pseudallescheriosis in a dog.  

PubMed

A case of disseminated pseudallescheriasis in a German Shepherd bitch is presented. Bones (ilium, a rib and phalanges), joints (elbow and acetabulum) and the surrounding tissues were the principal organs affected. In addition, Pseudallescheria boydii was isolated, in lower numbers, from the eye, kidney, lymph nodes draining the affected regions and urine. The dog was euthanized. P. boydii was identified by morphologic characteristics and molecular techniques (beta tubulin sequence). In addition, an ITS nucleotide sequence analysis showed that this strain differed from another isolate identified as Scedosporium apiospermum that had caused a disseminated infection in another German Shepherd. The importance of the molecular characterization of fungi belonging to the Pseudallescheria/Scedosporium complex, isolated from animals is stressed in light of the ongoing attempts to recharacterize these fungi. PMID:19886774

Elad, D; Perl, S; Yamin, G; Blum, S; David, D

2010-06-01

286

Generation of artificial biometric data enhanced with contextual information for game strategy-based behavioral biometrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the domain of strategy-based behavioral biometrics we propose the concept of profiles enhanced with spatial, temporal and contextual information. Inclusion of such information leads to a more stable baseline profile and as a result more secure systems. Such enhanced data is not always readily available and often is time consuming and expensive to acquire. One solution to this problem is the use of artificially generated data. In this paper a novel methodology for creation of feature-level synthetic biometric data is presented. Specifically generation of behavioral biometric data represented by game playing strategies is demonstrated. Data validation methods are described and encouraging results are obtained with possibility of expanding proposed methodologies to generation of artificial data in the domains other then behavioral biometrics.

Yampolskiy, Roman V.; Govindaraju, Venu

2008-03-01

287

Spatial problem-solving strategies of middle school students: Wayfinding with geographic information systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a powerful computer software package that emphasizes the use of maps and the management of spatially referenced environmental data archived in a systems data base. Professional applications of GIS have been in place since the 1980's, but only recently has GIS gained significant attention in the K--12 classroom. Students using GIS are able to manipulate and query data in order to solve all manners of spatial problems. Very few studies have examined how this technological innovation can support classroom learning. In particular, there has been little research on how experience in using the software correlates with a child's spatial cognition and his/her ability to understand spatial relationships. This study investigates the strategies used by middle school students to solve a wayfinding (route-finding) problem using the ArcView GIS software. The research design combined an individual background questionnaire, results from the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) test, and analysis of reflective think-aloud sessions to define the characteristics of the strategies students' used to solve this particular class of spatial problem. Three uniquely different spatial problem solving strategies were identified. Visual/Concrete Wayfinders used a highly visual strategy; Logical/Abstract Wayfinders used GIS software tools to apply a more analytical and systematic approach; Transitional Wayfinders used an approach that showed evidence of one that was shifting from a visual strategy to one that was more analytical. The triangulation of data sources indicates that this progression of wayfinding strategy can be correlated both to Piagetian stages of logical thought and to experience with the use of maps. These findings suggest that GIS teachers must be aware that their students' performance will lie on a continuum that is based on cognitive development, spatial ability, and prior experience with maps. To be most effective, GIS teaching strategies and curriculum development should also represent a progression that correlates to the learners' current skills and experience.

Wigglesworth, John C.

2000-06-01

288

Information-seeking strategies of novices using a full-text electronic encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exploratory study was conducted of elementary school children searching a full-text electronic encyclo- pedia on CD-ROM. Twenty-eight third and fourth graders and 24 sixth graders conducted two assigned searches, one open-ended, the other one closed, after two demon- stration sessions. Keystrokes captured by the com- puter and observer notes were used to examine user information-seeking strategies from a mental

Gary Marchionini

1989-01-01

289

HIPAA and information security risk: implementing an enterprise-wide risk management strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 effectively establishes a standard of due care for healthcare information security. One of the challenges of implementing policies, procedures, and practices consistent with HIPAA requirements in the Department of Defense Military Health System is the need for a method that can tailor the requirements to a variety of organizational contexts. This paper will describe a self- directed information security risk evaluation that will enable military healthcare providers to assess their risks and to develop mitigation strategies consistent with HIPAA guidelines.

Alberts, Christopher J.; Dorofee, Audrey

2001-08-01

290

Probabilistic methods for distributed information dissemination  

E-print Network

The ever-increasing growth of modern networks comes with a paradigm shift in network operation. Networks can no longer be abstracted as deterministic, centrally controlled systems with static topologies but need to be ...

Haeupler, Bernhard

2013-01-01

291

Promoting state health department evidence-based cancer and chronic disease prevention: a multi-phase dissemination study with a cluster randomized trial component  

PubMed Central

Background Cancer and other chronic diseases reduce quality and length of life and productivity, and represent a significant financial burden to society. Evidence-based public health approaches to prevent cancer and other chronic diseases have been identified in recent decades and have the potential for high impact. Yet, barriers to implement prevention approaches persist as a result of multiple factors including lack of organizational support, limited resources, competing emerging priorities and crises, and limited skill among the public health workforce. The purpose of this study is to learn how best to promote the adoption of evidence based public health practice related to chronic disease prevention. Methods/design This paper describes the methods for a multi-phase dissemination study with a cluster randomized trial component that will evaluate the dissemination of public health knowledge about evidence-based prevention of cancer and other chronic diseases. Phase one involves development of measures of practitioner views on and organizational supports for evidence-based public health and data collection using a national online survey involving state health department chronic disease practitioners. In phase two, a cluster randomized trial design will be conducted to test receptivity and usefulness of dissemination strategies directed toward state health department chronic disease practitioners to enhance capacity and organizational support for evidence-based chronic disease prevention. Twelve state health department chronic disease units will be randomly selected and assigned to intervention or control. State health department staff and the university-based study team will jointly identify, refine, and select dissemination strategies within intervention units. Intervention (dissemination) strategies may include multi-day in-person training workshops, electronic information exchange modalities, and remote technical assistance. Evaluation methods include pre-post surveys, structured qualitative phone interviews, and abstraction of state-level chronic disease prevention program plans and progress reports. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01978054. PMID:24330729

2013-01-01

292

Dynamic Dissemination of Personalized Content on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The online audience for newspapers continues to grow in both numbers and sophistication. However, most online newspapers still offer all users the same content and fail to raise an individual user's satisfaction and to increase revenue for an online newspaper company. The Dynamic Dissemination of Digital Information (DDDI) system developed here provides personalized online content based on a user's preference.

Sung Ho Ha; Jang Hee Lee

2009-01-01

293

Impact of Department of Education Dissemination Practices on California Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California State Department of Education commissioned the Far West Laboratory to conduct a study to enhance the effectiveness of methods of disseminating educational information in the state. The study began with a pilot written survey of administrators and support staff in a few schools. In-depth telephone interviews with department staff and…

Mills, Stephen R.; Stephens, K. Gwen

294

The NSF Implementation and Dissemination Centers: An Analytic Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the first generation of the National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded Implementation and Dissemination Centers. It portrays the experiences of and captures the lessons learned in such a way that it informs the design of future centers. Ideas drawn from the discussions that took place at a conference held in Annapolis, Maryland…

St. John, Mark; Heenan, Barbara; Houghton, Nina; Tambe, Pam

295

Message Dissemination in a Crisis Emergency Communications Plan  

E-print Network

Message Dissemination in a Crisis Emergency Communications Plan Office of Communications emergencies themselves, thus emergency communications plans must include the element of getting information the requirement in Exhibit 1.1 of the Auburn University Emergency Operations Plan, which lists the various campus

Tam, Tin-Yau

296

2+2+2 Dissemination Project Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided in this three-part final report of a project designed to disseminate information to assist California high schools, Regional Occupation Programs, and colleges in developing and strengthening 2+2+2 programs. Part I reviews the following project objectives: (1) hire a project coordinator and technical assistant; (2) develop a…

Sloane, Diana; And Others

297

Location-Aided Flooding: An Energy-Efficient Data Dissemination Protocol for  

E-print Network

Location-Aided Flooding: An Energy-Efficient Data Dissemination Protocol for Wireless Sensor within a virtual grid. The proposed approach, termed location-aided flooding (LAF), achieves energy--Communication protocol, location, energy management, information dissemination, flooding. æ 1 INTRODUCTION ADVANCES

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

298

A strategy that iteratively retains informative variables for selecting optimal variable subset in multivariate calibration.  

PubMed

Nowadays, with a high dimensionality of dataset, it faces a great challenge in the creation of effective methods which can select an optimal variables subset. In this study, a strategy that considers the possible interaction effect among variables through random combinations was proposed, called iteratively retaining informative variables (IRIV). Moreover, the variables are classified into four categories as strongly informative, weakly informative, uninformative and interfering variables. On this basis, IRIV retains both the strongly and weakly informative variables in every iterative round until no uninformative and interfering variables exist. Three datasets were employed to investigate the performance of IRIV coupled with partial least squares (PLS). The results show that IRIV is a good alternative for variable selection strategy when compared with three outstanding and frequently used variable selection methods such as genetic algorithm-PLS, Monte Carlo uninformative variable elimination by PLS (MC-UVE-PLS) and competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS). The MATLAB source code of IRIV can be freely downloaded for academy research at the website: http://code.google.com/p/multivariate-calibration/downloads/list. PMID:24356218

Yun, Yong-Huan; Wang, Wei-Ting; Tan, Min-Li; Liang, Yi-Zeng; Li, Hong-Dong; Cao, Dong-Sheng; Lu, Hong-Mei; Xu, Qing-Song

2014-01-01

299

[Two cases of disseminated toxoplasmosis].  

PubMed

Two cases of disseminated fatal toxoplasmosis of a pet mouse and a red panda are described. The pet mouse had a private owner; the red panda lived in a zoological garden in Saxony. At necropsy, both animals suffered from a systemic toxoplasmosis. A severe necrotizing hepatitis was the main histological feature in both animals. Parasitic cysts could be abundantly found in the liver, moderately in the brain and in a low number in other organs. With the PAS-reaction, cysts showed a weak staining in the mouse and a strong staining in the red panda. Diagnosis was confirmed by PCR and immunohistochemistry. PMID:22331331

Stief, B; Kiesow, C; Ellenberger, C

2012-01-01

300

Coping strategies and risk manageability: using participatory geographical information systems to represent local knowledge.  

PubMed

The accumulated knowledge and perceptions of communities 'at risk' are key elements in managing disaster risk at the local level. This paper demonstrates that local knowledge of flood hazards can be structured systematically into geographic information system (GIS) outputs. When combined with forecasting models and risk scenarios, they strengthen the legitimacy of local knowledge of at-risk populations. This is essential for effective disaster risk reduction practices by external actors, local non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and municipal authorities. The research focused on understanding coping strategies and 'manageability' of flood hazards as defined by communities. 'Manageability' is how people experience flooding in relation to their household capacity and the coping mechanisms available. The research in the Philippines highlights the significance of localised factors, including socioeconomic resources, livelihoods, seasonality and periodicity, for understanding manageability. The manageability concept improves practice at the municipal level by legitimising local coping strategies, providing better indicators, and developing understanding of flooding as a recurrent threat. PMID:21702892

Peters-Guarin, Graciela; McCall, Michael K; van Westen, Cees

2012-01-01

301

Electronic strategies for information and research: cyberNephrology/cyberMedicine in the emerging world.  

PubMed

Communication and medicine have evolved together. Internet resources now provide an unprecedented opportunity to provide health assistance to the developing world. The International Society of Nephrology Informatics Commission and National Kidney Foundation cyberNephrology initiative (http://www.cybernephrology.org) have created e-mail discussion groups (e.g., NEPHROL, NEPHKIDS, and so forth) and online texts and web resources (e.g., the Schrier Atlas: http://www.kidneyatlas.org) that are, in many respects, ahead of other areas of medicine. On the other hand, nephrology is quite behind in its embrace of some specific communications initiatives that could benefit emerging nations: the Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative program, which provides free full-text access to medical journals and books in poorer countries; the Global Health Network Supercourse, which provides specially designed online lectures for the developing world; and Internet2/Abilene and similar research networks around the world, which provide reliable, guaranteed bandwidth for high-quality Internet videoconferencing as an alternative to face-to-face lectures and meetings. The intent of many educational ventures in nephrology, particularly in the clinical practice guideline realm (National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative, Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes, and so forth), is not just to disseminate information but to change human behavior: physician practice and referral patterns, patient compliance, and so forth. Concepts from the worlds of marketing and entertainment, where the science of changing human behavior is highly evolved, can be used to create high-impact, educational offerings to promote health. They can also be highly beneficial to share Internet educational innovations and future vision across boundaries of medical specialties, which is part of the intent of the cyberMedicine joint venture (http://www.cyber-medicine.org). PMID:16108980

Solez, Kim; Hales, Michele; Katz, Sheila Moriber

2005-09-01

302

Impact of information cost and switching of trading strategies in an artificial stock market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper studies the switching of trading strategies and its effect on the market volatility in a continuous double auction market. We describe the behavior when some uninformed agents, who we call switchers, decide whether or not to pay for information before they trade. By paying for the information they behave as informed traders. First we verify that our model is able to reproduce some of the stylized facts in real financial markets. Next we consider the relationship between switching and the market volatility under different structures of investors. We find that there exists a positive relationship between the market volatility and the percentage of switchers. We therefore conclude that the switchers are a destabilizing factor in the market. However, for a given fixed percentage of switchers, the proportion of switchers that decide to buy information at a given moment of time is negatively related to the current market volatility. In other words, if more agents pay for information to know the fundamental value at some time, the market volatility will be lower. This is because the market price is closer to the fundamental value due to information diffusion between switchers.

Liu, Yi-Fang; Zhang, Wei; Xu, Chao; Vitting Andersen, Jørgen; Xu, Hai-Chuan

2014-08-01

303

Looking Ahead: A Contributor's Perspective on the Next-Stage Advances in Competitive Strategy, Economics and Information Systems Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

I discuss several directions for research in the area of competitive strategy, economics and information systems. My remarks center on the potential for advances in the fol- lowing areas: (1) the macroeconomic impacts of technology, and opportunities to explore the issues, theories and methods of aggregate analysis relative to IT industry agglomeration, technology diffusion and firm strategies; (2) theoretical and

Robert J. Kauffman

2007-01-01

304

Examining the effect of strategic alignment on business performance: Knowledge management, information technology, and human resource management strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, evidences indicate that knowledge management (KM) strategy and human resource management (HRM) strategy are interdependent and must be integrated with information technology (IT) as a whole to improve the business performance. Empirical data for hypotheses testing are collected from top-ranked companies in Taiwan; yielding 161 valid samples. Performance implications of strategic alignment are examined using matching approaches. The generated

Y. Y. Chen; H. L. Huang

2008-01-01

305

Dialogic Strategies in Read-Alouds of English-Language Information Books in a Second-Grade Bilingual Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows how various dialogic discourse strategies were used in read-alouds of English science information books in a 2nd-grade bilingual classroom. Using a variety of discursive strategies, Ibett encouraged her Spanish-speaking students to provide explanations and reasoning related to science ideas. Similarly, she used intertextual…

Pappas, Christine C.; Varelas, Maria; Patton, Sofia Kokkino; Ye, Li; Ortiz, Ibett

2012-01-01

306

Quantifying improvements in the Engineering-Procurement-Construction (EPC) process from the implementation of information management strategies within materials management  

E-print Network

time (schedule), and activity time (total effort). Cost was influenced most heavily by the implementation of information management strategies within specialty engineered equipment and fabricated items. The probability that a 6,474 unit change...

Toon, Jeffrey Lee

2012-06-07

307

Disseminated spinal myxopapillary ependymoma in an adult at initial presentation: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Disseminated spinal myxopapillary ependymoma (MPE) is extremely rare in adults. We report a 63-year-old man with chronic low-back pain found to have multiple MPEs in the thoracic, lumbar and sacral spine. Diagnostic and management strategies of disseminated MPE are discussed with a review of pertinent literature. PMID:24460084

Straus, David; Tan, Lee A; Takagi, Ippei; O'Toole, John E

2014-10-01

308

Presence of apoptotic and nonapoptotic disseminated tumor cells reflects the response to neoadjuvant systemic therapy in breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) is an established strategy to reduce tumor size in breast cancer patients prior to breast-conserving therapy. The effect of NST on tumor cell dissemination in these patients is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of disseminated tumor cells (DTC), including apoptotic DTC, in breast cancer patients after NST, and

Tanja Fehm; Sven Becker; Graziella Becker-Pergola; Karl Sotlar; Gerhard Gebauer; Silke Dürr-Störzer; Hans Neubauer; Diethelm Wallwiener; Erich-Franz Solomayer

2006-01-01

309

Collegiate sororities and dating violence: an exploratory study of informal and formal helping strategies.  

PubMed

Women in collegiate sororities are more at risk for violence within the context of dating relationships than is the general population of college women. Because assaulted women are more likely to turn to their peer networks for support, this study explores the formal and informal helping strategies available to sorority members within the context of their sororities. A total of 35 women representing 17 different sororities participated in 4 focus groups. Although the central finding uncovered how violence is largely omitted from the formal agendas of sororities, community and campus-based programs addressing the issue can build on their sincere interest in helping each other. PMID:17179406

Anderson, Kim M; Danis, Fran S

2007-01-01

310

Knowledge Dissemination and use in Science and mathematics education- A Literature Review  

NSF Publications Database

This report reviews the research on knowledge use in science and mathematics education and highlights approaches and strategies for dissemination which might be particularly useful to the National Science Foundation. In particular, the influence of constructivist perspectives in knowledge use and education on the dissemination of knowledge are highlighted. Prior research in knowledge use suggests that failures to institutionalize knowledge are attributable to what is known as "knowledge ...

311

Gating, enhanced gating, and beyond: information utilization strategies for motion management, applied to preclinical PET  

PubMed Central

Background Respiratory gating and gate optimization strategies present solutions for overcoming image degradation caused by respiratory motion in PET and traditionally utilize hardware systems and/or employ complex processing algorithms. In this work, we aimed to advance recently emerging data-driven gating methods and introduce a new strategy for optimizing the four-dimensional data based on information contained in that data. These algorithms are combined to form an automated motion correction workflow. Methods Software-based gating methods were applied to a nonspecific population of 84 small-animal rat PET scans to create respiratory gated images. The gated PET images were then optimized using an algorithm we introduce as ‘gating+’ to reduce noise and optimize signal; the technique was also tested using simulations. Gating+ is based on a principle of only using gated information if and where it adds a net benefit, as evaluated in temporal frequency space. Motion-corrected images were assessed quantitatively and qualitatively. Results Of the small-animal PET scans, 71% exhibited quantifiable motion after software gating. The mean liver displacement was 3.25 mm for gated and 3.04 mm for gating+ images. The (relative) mean percent standard deviations measured in background ROIs were 1.53, 1.05, and 1.00 for the gated, gating+, and ungated values, respectively. Simulations confirmed that gating+ image voxels had a higher probability of being accurate relative to the corresponding ungated values under varying noise and motion scenarios. Additionally, we found motion mapping and phase decoupling models that readily extend from gating+ processing. Conclusions Raw PET data contain information about motion that is not currently utilized. In our work, we showed that through automated processing of standard (ungated) PET acquisitions, (motion-) information-rich images can be constructed with minimal risk of noise introduction. Such methods have the potential for implementation with current PET technology in a robust and reproducible way. PMID:23618039

2013-01-01

312

Connecting Network Properties of Rapidly Disseminating Epizoonotics  

PubMed Central

Background To effectively control the geographical dissemination of infectious diseases, their properties need to be determined. To test that rapid microbial dispersal requires not only susceptible hosts but also a pre-existing, connecting network, we explored constructs meant to reveal the network properties associated with disease spread, which included the road structure. Methods Using geo-temporal data collected from epizoonotics in which all hosts were susceptible (mammals infected by Foot-and-mouth disease virus, Uruguay, 2001; birds infected by Avian Influenza virus H5N1, Nigeria, 2006), two models were compared: 1) ‘connectivity’, a model that integrated bio-physical concepts (the agent’s transmission cycle, road topology) into indicators designed to measure networks (‘nodes’ or infected sites with short- and long-range links), and 2) ‘contacts’, which focused on infected individuals but did not assess connectivity. Results The connectivity model showed five network properties: 1) spatial aggregation of cases (disease clusters), 2) links among similar ‘nodes’ (assortativity), 3) simultaneous activation of similar nodes (synchronicity), 4) disease flows moving from highly to poorly connected nodes (directionality), and 5) a few nodes accounting for most cases (a “20?80? pattern). In both epizoonotics, 1) not all primary cases were connected but at least one primary case was connected, 2) highly connected, small areas (nodes) accounted for most cases, 3) several classes of nodes were distinguished, and 4) the contact model, which assumed all primary cases were identical, captured half the number of cases identified by the connectivity model. When assessed together, the synchronicity and directionality properties explained when and where an infectious disease spreads. Conclusions Geo-temporal constructs of Network Theory’s nodes and links were retrospectively validated in rapidly disseminating infectious diseases. They distinguished classes of cases, nodes, and networks, generating information usable to revise theory and optimize control measures. Prospective studies that consider pre-outbreak predictors, such as connecting networks, are recommended. PMID:22761900

Rivas, Ariel L.; Fasina, Folorunso O.; Hoogesteyn, Almira L.; Konah, Steven N.; Febles, Jose L.; Perkins, Douglas J.; Hyman, James M.; Fair, Jeanne M.; Hittner, James B.; Smith, Steven D.

2012-01-01

313

NearOptimal Data Dissemination Policies for MultiChannel, Single Radio  

E-print Network

Information Systems America 75 West Plumeria Drive San Jose, CA 95134 Email: x.qin@samsung.com Abstract We dissemination with multi­channel, single radio sensors, using expected delay as the primary optimization metric

Goldberg, Bennett

314

Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options.  

PubMed

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

2012-04-01

315

Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options  

PubMed Central

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

2012-01-01

316

National Public Awareness Campaigns for 2000: Part of Your Communications Strategy. Join Together Special Monthly Action Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important part of a community strategy to reduce substance abuse is a communications plan. The plan is meant to guide efforts as the targeted message is communicated and information is disseminated. Part 1 of this paper provides an introduction to the basics of a communications plan and helps providers think about different ways to get the…

Join Together, Boston, MA.

317

Improved Drought Management Strategies for the Triangle Area Utilizing Climate-Information based Probabilistic Streamflow Forecasts (NC Water Resources Research  

E-print Network

Improved Drought Management Strategies for the Triangle Area Utilizing Climate- Information based: Sankarasubramanian Arumugam PROJECT SUMMARY A prognostic approach to improve drought management in the Triangle Area is proposed here that integrates climate information based seasonal streamflow forecasts with the drought

Arumugam, Sankar

318

Producing Dissemination Materials. Final Draft Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is intended to help projects approved by the Joint Dissemination Review Panel produce materials that will support their dissemination activities. Specifically directed toward career education projects, it should be equally useful for other projects. Section 1 discusses diffusion/adoption and these topics regarding materials: purpose,…

Degener, David, Comp.; And Others

319

Collective Adoption of Max--Min Strategy in an Information Cascade Voting Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider a situation where one has to choose an option with multiplier m. The multiplier is inversely proportional to the number of people who have chosen the option and is proportional to the return if it is correct. If one does not know the correct option, we call him a herder, and then there is a zero-sum game between the herder and other people who have set the multiplier. The max--min strategy where one divides one's choice inversely proportional to m is optimal from the viewpoint of the maximization of expected return. We call the optimal herder an analog herder. The system of analog herders takes the probability of correct choice to one for any value of the ratio of herders, p<1, in the thermodynamic limit if the accuracy of the choice of informed person q is one. We study how herders choose by a voting experiment in which 50 to 60 subjects sequentially answer a two-choice quiz. We show that the probability of selecting a choice by the herders is inversely proportional to m for 4/3 ? m ? 4 and they collectively adopt the max--min strategy in that range.

Mori, Shintaro; Hisakado, Masato; Takahashi, Taiki

2013-08-01

320

Cognitive Strategy Use and Measured Numeric Ability in Immediate- and Long-Term Recall of Everyday Numeric Information  

PubMed Central

The goals of this study were to assess the primary effects of the use of cognitive strategy and a combined measure of numeric ability on recall of every-day numeric information (i.e. prices). Additionally, numeric ability was assessed as a moderator in the relationship between strategy use and memory for prices. One hundred participants memorized twelve prices that varied from 1 to 6 digits; they recalled these immediately and after 7 days. The use of strategies, assessed through self-report, was associated with better overall recall, but not forgetting. Numeric ability was not associated with either better overall recall or forgetting. A small moderating interaction was found, in which higher levels of numeric ability enhanced the beneficial effects of strategy use on overall recall. Exploratory analyses found two further small moderating interactions: simple strategy use enhanced overall recall at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to complex strategy use; and complex strategy use was associated with lower levels of forgetting, but only at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to the simple strategy use. These results provide support for an objective measure of numeric ability, as well as adding to the literature on memory and the benefits of cognitive strategy use. PMID:23483964

Bermingham, Douglas; Hill, Robert D.; Woltz, Dan; Gardner, Michael K.

2013-01-01

321

Use of genotoxicity information in the development of integrated testing strategies (ITS) for skin sensitization.  

PubMed

Skin sensitization is an end point of concern for various legislation in the EU, including the seventh Amendment to the Cosmetics Directive and Registration Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH). Since animal testing is a last resort for REACH or banned (from 2013 onward) for the Cosmetics Directive, the use of intelligent/integrated testing strategies (ITS) as an efficient means of gathering necessary information from alternative sources (e.g., in vitro, (Q)SARs, etc.) is gaining widespread interest. Previous studies have explored correlations between mutagenicity data and skin sensitization data as a means of exploiting information from surrogate end points. The work here compares the underlying chemical mechanisms for mutagenicity and skin sensitization in an effort to evaluate the role mutagenicity information can play as a predictor of skin sensitization potential. The Tissue Metabolism Simulator (TIMES) hybrid expert system was used to compare chemical mechanisms of both end points since it houses a comprehensive set of established structure-activity relationships for both skin sensitization and mutagenicity. The evaluation demonstrated that there is a great deal of overlap between skin sensitization and mutagenicity structural alerts and their underlying chemical mechanisms. The similarities and differences in chemical mechanisms are discussed in light of available experimental data. A number of new alerts for mutagenicity were also postulated for inclusion into TIMES. The results presented show that mutagenicity information can provide useful insights on skin sensitization potential as part of an ITS and should be considered prior to any in vivo skin sensitization testing being initiated. PMID:20845941

Mekenyan, Ovanes; Patlewicz, Grace; Dimitrova, Gergana; Kuseva, Chanita; Todorov, Milen; Stoeva, Stoyanka; Kotov, Stefan; Donner, E Maria

2010-10-18

322

Collective Adoption of Max-Min Strategy in an Information Cascade Voting Experiment  

E-print Network

When one have to choose an option, he shows a strong tendency to choose the majority if he does not know the correct one. If each option has a multiplier m and the return for choosing a correct choice is set to be m, which option does one choose? Game theory predicts that the max-min strategy where one divides one's choice inversely proportional to m is optimal. We study the prediction by a voting experiment in which 50 to 60 subjects answer a two-choice quiz sequentially with and without information about prior subjects' choices. The information is given to the subjects in two patterns, C and M. In case C, the subjects know how many previous subjects have chosen each choice and the payoff for the correct choice is constant. In case M, each choice has a multiplier m that is inversely proportional to the number of prior subjects who have chosen it. The payoff for the correct choice is proportional to the multiplier. In case C, the probability of selecting a choice by the subject who did not know the correct ch...

Mori, Shintaro; Takahashi, Taiki

2012-01-01

323

10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section...AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients are...to disseminate research results promptly. DOE...

2010-01-01

324

10 CFR 605.20 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Dissemination of results. 605.20 Section...OFFICE OF ENERGY RESEARCH FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 605.20 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients are...encouraged to disseminate project results promptly. DOE...

2010-01-01

325

Using epidemiological information to develop effective integrated virus disease management strategies.  

PubMed

Virus diseases cause serious losses in yield and quality of cultivated plants worldwide. These losses and the resulting financial damage can be limited by controlling epidemics using measures that minimise virus infection sources or suppress virus spread. For each combination of virus, cultivated plant and production system, there is an 'economic threshold' above which the financial damage is sufficient to justify using such measures. However, individual measures used alone may bring only small benefits and they may become ineffective, especially over the long term. When diverse control measures that act in different ways are combined and used together, their effects are complementary resulting in far more effective overall control. Such experiences have led to the development of integrated management concepts for virus diseases that combine available host resistance, cultural, chemical and biological control measures. Selecting the ideal mix of measures for each pathosystem and production situation requires detailed knowledge of the epidemiology of the causal virus and the mode of action of each individual control measure so that diverse responses can be devised to meet the unique features of each of the different scenarios considered. The strategies developed must be robust and necessitate minimal extra expense, labour demands and disruption to standard practices. Examples of how epidemiological information can be used to develop effective integrated disease management (IDM) strategies for diverse situations are described. They involve circumstances where virus transmission from plant-to-plant occurs in four different ways: by contact, non-persistently or persistently by insect vectors, and by root-infecting fungi. The examples are: Subterranean clover mottle virus (SCMoV) (contact-transmitted) and Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) (non-persistently aphid-transmitted) in annually self-regenerating clover pasture; three seed-borne viruses (all non-persistently aphid-transmitted) plots of pasture legume improvement programmes; Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) (persistently thrips-transmitted) in vegetables in seedling nurseries, protected cropping or field systems; and lettuce big-vein disease (fungus-transmitted) in lettuce in seedling nursery, hydroponic, infested field or uninfested field situations. By describing the kinds of approaches required, this article is intended to help future research and extension programmes devise integrated disease management strategies that not only function effectively to diminish the losses caused by economically important plant virus diseases but also fulfill the requirement of being environmentally and socially responsible. PMID:15036832

Jones, Roger A C

2004-03-01

326

32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly...

2010-07-01

327

32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly...

2011-07-01

328

A strategy for residual acceleration data reduction and dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

A data reduction plan is being developed to efficiently process residual acceleration data from orbiting space laboratories. Implementation of the reduction plan will result in a useful, manageable accelerometer data base which can be readily employed by principal investigators during post-flight analysis of experimental results. The data reduction plan will also assist in the characterization of the acceleration environment of

Melissa J. B. Rogers; J. Iwan; D. Alexander

1991-01-01

329

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Forty-eight children with disseminated demyelination of the CNS, 28 with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), seven with multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis (MDEM) and 13 with multiple sclerosis were studied for a mean follow-up period of 5.64 years. The presentation findings of the ADEM\\/MDEM group were compared with those of the multiple sclerosis group. The following findings were more commonly seen in

R. C. Dale; C. de Sousa; W. K. Chong; T. C. S. Cox; B. Harding; B. G. R. Neville

2000-01-01

330

Information management strategies within conversations about cigarette smoking: parenting correlates and longitudinal associations with teen smoking.  

PubMed

The present study examined smoking-specific and general parenting predictors of in vivo observed patterns of parent-adolescent discussion concerning adolescents' cigarette smoking experiences and associations between these observed patterns and 24-month longitudinal trajectories of teen cigarette smoking behavior (nonsmokers, current experimenters, escalators). Parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent information management were coded from direct observations of 528 video-recorded parent-adolescent discussions about cigarette smoking with 344 teens (M age = 15.62 years) with a history of smoking experimentation (321 interactions with mothers, 207 interactions with fathers). Adolescent initiation of discussions concerning their own smoking behavior (21% of interactions) was predicted by lower levels of maternal observed disapproval of cigarette smoking and fewer teen-reported communication problems with mothers. Maternal initiation in discussions (35% of interactions) was associated with higher levels of family rules about illicit substance use. Three categories of adolescent information management (full disclosure, active secrecy, incomplete strategies) were coded by matching adolescents' confidential self-reported smoking status with their observed spontaneous disclosures and responses to parental solicitations. Fully disclosing teens reported higher quality communication with their mothers (more open, less problematic). Teens engaged in active secrecy with their mothers when families had high levels of parental rules about illicit substance use and when mothers expressed lower levels of expectancies that their teen would smoke in the future. Adolescents were more likely to escalate their smoking over 2 years if their parents initiated the discussion of adolescent smoking behavior (solicited) and if adolescents engaged in active secrecy. PMID:23148939

Metzger, Aaron; Wakschlag, Lauren S; Anderson, Ryan; Darfler, Anne; Price, Juliette; Flores, Zujeil; Mermelstein, Robin

2013-08-01

331

Information Management Strategies Within Conversations About Cigarette Smoking: Parenting Correlates and Longitudinal Associations With Teen Smoking  

PubMed Central

The present study examined smoking-specific and general parenting predictors of in vivo observed patterns of parent–adolescent discussion concerning adolescents’ cigarette smoking experiences and associations between these observed patterns and 24-month longitudinal trajectories of teen cigarette smoking behavior (nonsmokers, current experimenters, escalators). Parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent information management were coded from direct observations of 528 video-recorded parent–adolescent discussions about cigarette smoking with 344 teens (M age = 15.62 years) with a history of smoking experimentation (321 interactions with mothers, 207 interactions with fathers). Adolescent initiation of discussions concerning their own smoking behavior (21% of interactions) was predicted by lower levels of maternal observed disapproval of cigarette smoking and fewer teen-reported communication problems with mothers. Maternal initiation in discussions (35% of interactions) was associated with higher levels of family rules about illicit substance use. Three categories of adolescent information management (full disclosure, active secrecy, incomplete strategies) were coded by matching adolescents’ confidential self-reported smoking status with their observed spontaneous disclosures and responses to parental solicitations. Fully disclosing teens reported higher quality communication with their mothers (more open, less problematic). Teens engaged in active secrecy with their mothers when families had high levels of parental rules about illicit substance use and when mothers expressed lower levels of expectancies that their teen would smoke in the future. Adolescents were more likely to escalate their smoking over 2 years if their parents initiated the discussion of adolescent smoking behavior (solicited) and if adolescents engaged in active secrecy. PMID:23148939

Metzger, Aaron; Wakschlag, Lauren S.; Anderson, Ryan; Darfler, Anne; Price, Juliette; Flores, Zujeil; Mermelstein, Robin

2013-01-01

332

Creating Renaissance Employees in an Era of Convergence between Information Technology and Business Strategy: A Proposal for Business Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The electronic commerce environment requires cross-functional managers who understand both information technology (IT) and business strategy. Disciplinary boundaries restrict the flexibility of business schools to provide cross-functional education and training. Schools must integrate IT with other disciplines. (SK)

Celsi, Richard; Wolfinbarger, Mary

2001-01-01

333

The Impact of Information Technology Investment on Bank Performance Considering the Role of Moderator Variables: Strategy and Environmental Dynamism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance impact of information technology (IT) investment is an important research topic that needs to take into consideration the role of key contextual factors. This study discussed and empirically tested the moderating effects of environmental dynamism and branch strategy on the impact of IT investment and other effective variables (number of employee and fixed asset) on branches performance. The

Abbas Keramati; M. Ali Azadeh; M. Mehran-Gohar

2009-01-01

334

Humour as a Resource and Strategy for Boys to Gain Status in the Field of Informal School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a feminist approach this paper illustrates how humour is used as a resource and strategy for status among Finnish school boys and in constructing culturally accepted masculinity in the field of informal school. Based on interview and observation material collected in three schools, the results suggest that although humour is often…

Huuki, Tuija; Manninen, Sari; Sunnari, Vappu

2010-01-01

335

Evaluating a Learning Collaborative to Implement Evidence-Informed Engagement Strategies in Community-Based Services for Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Given dismal attendance rates in community-based care for children and families, it is critical that evidence-informed attendance engagement strategies be implemented within community service systems. There is growing research on effective methods for training in evidence-based practices (EBPs), and one method that shows promise is the…

Haine-Schlagel, Rachel; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Janis, Beth; Gordon, Jeanne

2013-01-01

336

Successful Information and Communication Technology Implementation Strategies for Rural Communities: An Investigation of Tech-Based Economic Development Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many rural communities across America face several obstacles in the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) initiatives and struggle with the best approaches for leveraging these elements into an economic development strategy. These obstacles include: lack of quality local ICTs infrastructure, funding, inability to…

Sullivan, Donna Annette

2009-01-01

337

Supporting information for Evolution of suicide as a defense strategy against pathogens in a spatially structured environment  

E-print Network

Supporting information for Evolution of suicide as a defense strategy against pathogens ( ), the evolution of altruistic suicide is given by: (A2) This equation shows that, in a well-mixed environment, altruistic suicide is never selected for. At best, when there is no cost of altruistic suicide, the evolution

338

Automated Learning of Pricing and Bundling Strategies in Information Economies Christopher H. Brooks and Edmund H. Durfee  

E-print Network

Automated Learning of Pricing and Bundling Strategies in Information Economies Christopher H 48109¡ chbrooks,durfee¢ @umich.edu http://www.eecs.umich.edu/£ chbrooks The advent of automated commerce, it will be advantageous for a pro- ducer to automate this decision-making. In (Brooks et al. 1999), we describe

Brooks, Chris

339

Dissemination Activities: a Critical new Role for Substance Abuse Treatment Organizations.  

PubMed

The Affordable Care Act calls for integration of substance abuse treatment into medical care via medical homes and continuing specialty care. For this integration to occur in the substance abuse treatment field, substantial sharing and dissemination of information by treatment providers is required. This study explored the determinants of organizational activities directed at disseminating evidence-based practices (EBPs) undertaken by 193 community treatment programs who are members of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Clinical Trials Network. Using factor analysis, the research identified two generic categories reflecting different motivations for dissemination activities and explored both treatment center leadership and organizational characteristics as determinants of these different types of dissemination activities. Organizational characteristics predicting treatment center dissemination activities included size, previous involvement in research protocols, linkages with other providers, and having non-profit status. The treatment center leader's membership in professional organizations was also a significant determinant. Organization variables account for a larger portion of the variance in treatment center dissemination activities. The results suggest that the willingness of treatment providers to help disseminate EBPs within the industry may be heavily influenced through shared network connections with other treatment organizations. PMID:24722825

Fields, Dail; Blum, Terry C; Roman, Paul M

2014-10-01

340

Dissemination 2.0: closing the gap between knowledge and practice with new media and marketing.  

PubMed

Despite substantial investments in public health and clinical research at the national level, and significant advancements in these areas of science, few evidence-based programs and services are rapidly implemented in health care or public health practice as a result of failures of dissemination. A significant gap in current processes to disseminate and implement effective programs relates to the lack of systems and infrastructure to facilitate distribution of scientific research products to potential end users, including clinicians and other practitioners. In this article, the authors assert that Web 2.0 technologies can be leveraged to enhance dissemination efforts and increase the implementation of evidence-based programs and services in everyday practice. The authors describe the research-to-practice delivery process and highlight gaps in the supply chain necessary to translate research findings into evidence-based practice. The authors critically evaluate the 4 most prominent strategies currently used to promote dissemination and implementation of research evidence in practice, and they detail how each can be improved by leveraging Web 2.0 technologies to enhance dissemination of research evidence. Last, the authors provide examples and suggestions for capitalizing on Web 2.0 technologies to enhance dissemination efforts and ensure that evidence-based research products reach intended end users and are implemented in clinical practice. PMID:21843094

Bernhardt, Jay M; Mays, Darren; Kreuter, Matthew W

2011-01-01

341

Engaging by design: How engagement strategies in popular computer and video games can inform instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer and video games are a prevalent form of entertainment in which the purpose of the design is to engage players. Game\\u000a designers incorporate a number of strategies and tactics for engaging players in “gameplay.” These strategies and tactics\\u000a may provide instructional designers with new methods for engaging learners. This investigation presents a review of game design\\u000a strategies and the

Michele D. Dickey; Sid Meier

2005-01-01

342

A dynamic holding strategy in public transit systems with real-time information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Holding strategies are among the most commonly used operation control strategies in transit systems. In this paper, a dynamic\\u000a holding strategy is developed, which consists of two major steps: (1) judging whether an early bus should be held, and (2) optimizing\\u000a the holding times of the held bus. A model based on support vector machine (SVM), which contains four input variables (time-of-day,

Bin Yu; Zhong-zhen Yang

2009-01-01

343

Studies of Educational Dissemination and Utilization: Annual Final Report of the Educational Dissemination Studies Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews the 1980 activities of the Educational Dissemination Studies Program (EDSP), which is designed to (1) establish efficient means of communication for analyzing, monitoring, and communicating the status, needs, and accomplishments of educational dissemination performers; (2) increase the quality of and access to knowledge…

Hood, Paul D.; And Others

344

Engaging By Design: How Engagement Strategies in Popular Computer and Video Games Can Inform Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer and video games are a prevalent form of entertainment in which the purpose of the design is to engage players. Game designers incorporate a number of strategies and tactics for engaging players in "gameplay." These strategies and tactics may provide instructional designers with new methods for engaging learners. This investigation…

Dickey, Michele D.

2005-01-01

345

Disseminating research findings: what should researchers do? A systematic scoping review of conceptual frameworks  

PubMed Central

Background Addressing deficiencies in the dissemination and transfer of research-based knowledge into routine clinical practice is high on the policy agenda both in the UK and internationally. However, there is lack of clarity between funding agencies as to what represents dissemination. Moreover, the expectations and guidance provided to researchers vary from one agency to another. Against this background, we performed a systematic scoping to identify and describe any conceptual/organising frameworks that could be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activity. Methods We searched twelve electronic databases (including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO), the reference lists of included studies and of individual funding agency websites to identify potential studies for inclusion. To be included, papers had to present an explicit framework or plan either designed for use by researchers or that could be used to guide dissemination activity. Papers which mentioned dissemination (but did not provide any detail) in the context of a wider knowledge translation framework, were excluded. References were screened independently by at least two reviewers; disagreements were resolved by discussion. For each included paper, the source, the date of publication, a description of the main elements of the framework, and whether there was any implicit/explicit reference to theory were extracted. A narrative synthesis was undertaken. Results Thirty-three frameworks met our inclusion criteria, 20 of which were designed to be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activities. Twenty-eight included frameworks were underpinned at least in part by one or more of three different theoretical approaches, namely persuasive communication, diffusion of innovations theory, and social marketing. Conclusions There are currently a number of theoretically-informed frameworks available to researchers that can be used to help guide their dissemination planning and activity. Given the current emphasis on enhancing the uptake of knowledge about the effects of interventions into routine practice, funders could consider encouraging researchers to adopt a theoretically-informed approach to their research dissemination. PMID:21092164

2010-01-01

346

Learning Processes of Students in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Relations between Goal Orientations, Information Processing Strategies and Development of Conceptual Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n = 719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires.…

Koopman, Maaike; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Teune, Peter

2011-01-01

347

Pineocytoma with diffuse dissemination to the leptomeninges  

PubMed Central

Pineal parenchymal tumors are rare. Of the three types of pineal parenchymal tumors, pineocytomas are the least aggressive and are not known to diffusely disseminate. In this paper, we report the successful treatment of a case of pineocytoma with diffuse leptomeningeal relapse following initial stereotactic radiotherapy. A 39-year-old female presented with headaches, balance impairment, urinary incontinence, and blunted affect. A pineal mass was discovered on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A diagnosis of pineocytoma was established with an endoscopic pineal gland biopsy, and the patient received stereotactic radiotherapy. Ten years later, she developed diffuse leptomeningeal dissemination. The patient was then successfully treated with craniospinal radiation therapy. Leptomeningeal spread may develop as late as 10 years after initial presentation of pineocytoma. Our case demonstrates the importance of long-term follow-up of patients with pineal parenchymal tumors following radiation therapy, and the efficacy of craniospinal radiation in the treatment of leptomeningeal dissemination. PMID:22355508

Gomez, Caitlin; Wu, Jeffrey; Pope, Whitney; Vinters, Harry; DeSalles, Antonio; Selch, Michael

2011-01-01

348

Eye tracking users of a visual diagnostic clinical decision support system to discover decision-making strategies and to inform user interface design.  

PubMed

Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) assist physicians and other medical professionals in tasks such as differential diagnosis. End users may use different decision-making strategies depending on medical training. Study of eye movements reveals information processing strategies that are executed at a level below consciousness. Eye tracking of student physician assistants and medical residents, while using a visual diagnostic CDSS in diagnostic tasks, showed adoption of distinct strategies and informed recommendations for effective user interface design. PMID:18999126

Haake, Anne R; Pelz, Jeff B; Smagner, Jessica; Colombo, Daniel; Lindsay, Laura; Papier, Art

2008-01-01

349

Evaluation of the Dissemination Program from an Education Research and Development Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of the information dissemination program of the National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST) uses a inclusive approach to gather, analyze, and report information to help decision makers. Results of three questionnaires, reviews and analyses of CRESST products, and Internet records were used to…

Dietel, Ronald James

350

Disseminating innovation and best practice in ICT education: the ICT-ed-database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and Communication Technology education is a diverse area that is subject to the pressures generated by the changing structure of Information Technology. A project funded by the Australian University Teaching Committee into the nature of innovation and best practice in ICT education found that the dissemination of ideas was an issue. A second stage of that project has responded

Ainslie Ellis; Selby Markham; Janet Munro; Judy Sheard

2002-01-01

351

The Collection and Dissemination of Library Statistics by the National Center for Education Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is noted that the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and libraries have a mutual mission: the collection and dissemination of information in formats that are useful to the information needs of the public. This report discusses the NCES' mission statement in these terms and describes its broad-based data gathering program, which…

Jackson, Shirley A.

352

A hazard-independent approach for the standardised multi-channel dissemination of warning messages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tsunami disaster affecting the Indian Ocean region on Christmas 2004 demonstrated very clearly the shortcomings in tsunami detection, public warning processes as well as intergovernmental warning message exchange in the Indian Ocean region. In that regard, early warning systems require that the dissemination of early warning messages has to be executed in way that ensures that the message delivery is timely; the message content is understandable, usable and accurate. To that end, diverse and multiple dissemination channels must be used to increase the chance of the messages reaching all affected persons in a hazard scenario. In addition to this, usage of internationally accepted standards for the warning dissemination such as the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) and Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL) Distribution Element specified by the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) increase the interoperability among different warning systems enabling thus the concept of system-of-systems proposed by GEOSS. The project Distant Early Warning System (DEWS), co-funded by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme, aims at strengthening the early warning capacities by building an innovative generation of interoperable tsunami early warning systems based on the above mentioned concepts following a Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) approach. The project focuses on the downstream part of the hazard information processing where customized, user-tailored warning messages and alerts flow from the warning centre to the responsible authorities and/or the public with their different needs and responsibilities. The information logistics services within DEWS generate tailored EDXL-DE/CAP warning messages for each user that must receive the message according to their preferences, e.g., settings for language, interested areas, dissemination channels, etc.. However, the significant difference in the implementation and capabilities of different dissemination channels such as SMS, email and television, have bearing on the information processing required for delivery and consumption of a DEWS EDXL-DE/CAP message over each dissemination channel. These messages may include additional information in the form of maps, graphs, documents, sensor observations, etc. Therefore, the generated messages are pre-processed by channel adaptors in the information dissemination services converting it into a format that is suitable for end-to-end delivery over the dissemination channels without any semantic distortion. The approach followed by DEWS for disseminating warnings not only relies on traditional communication ways used by the already established early warnings such as the delivery of faxes and phone calls but takes into consideration the use of other broadly used communication channels such as SMS, email, narrowcast and broadcast television, instant messaging, Voice over IP, and radio. It also takes advantage of social media channels like RSS feeds, Facebook, Twitter, etc., enabling a multiplier effect, like in the case of radio and television, and thus allowing to create mash-ups by aggregating other sources of information to the original message. Finally, status information is also important in order to assess and understand whether the process of disseminating the warning to the message consumers has been successfully completed or the process failed at some point of the dissemination chain. To that end, CAP-based messages generated within the information dissemination services provide the semantics for those fields that are of interest within the context of reporting the warning dissemination status in DEWS.

Esbri Palomares, M. A.; Hammitzsch, M.; Lendholt, M.

2012-04-01

353

Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial  

PubMed Central

The sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free materials. Half of the ski areas were randomly assigned to a theory-based Enhanced Dissemination Strategy (EDS) with personal contact supporting GSS use. Use of GSS was assessed at immediate and long-term follow-up posttests by on-site observation. Use of GSS declined from the immediate (M=5.72) to the long-term follow-up (M=6.24), F[1,62]=6.95, p=.01, but EDS ski areas (M=6.53) continued to use GSS more than BDS ski areas (M=4.49), F(1,62)=5.75, p=0.02, regardless of observation, F(1,60)=0.05, p=.83. Despite declines over time, a group of ski areas had sustained high program use and active dissemination methods had sustained positive effects on GSS implementation. PMID:22102323

Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

2012-01-01

354

Pathwise Strategies for Stochastic Differential Games with an Erratum to 'Stochastic Differential Games with Asymmetric Information'  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a new notion of pathwise strategies for stochastic differential games. This allows us to give a correct meaning to some statement asserted in Cardaliaguet and Rainer (Appl. Math. Optim. 59: 1-36, 2009)

Cardaliaguet, P., E-mail: cardaliaguet@ceremade.dauphine.fr [Universite Paris-Dauphine, Ceremade (France); Rainer, C., E-mail: Catherine.Rainer@univ-brest.fr [Universite de Bretagne Occidentale (France)

2013-08-01

355

76 FR 69722 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2011. Protection Strategies Incorporated (PSI) has been the owner of Eagle Technologies...September 30, 2011, with Eagle's successor PSI, is currently in place and will expire...2011. EPA has authorized its contractor, PSI of Arlington, VA, to access...

2011-11-09

356

Climate Change: A Coordinated Strategy Could Focus Federal Geoengineering Research and Inform Governance Efforts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Policymakers have raised questions about geoengineering--large-scale deliberate interventions in the earth's climate system to diminish climate change or its impacts--and its role in a broader strategy of mitigating and adapting to climate change. Most ge...

2010-01-01

357

Disproving the Fusion Hypothesis: An Analysis of Data Fusion via Effective Information Retrieval Strategies  

E-print Network

Disproving the Fusion Hypothesis: An Analysis of Data Fusion via Effective Information Retrieval Information Retrieval Laboratory Department of Computer Science Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, IL Descriptors H.3.3 [Information Storage and Retrieval]: Information Search and Retrieval � Retrieval models

358

Multilevel Information Presentation Strategy and Customer Reaction: An Empirical Investigation in an Online Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the use of polyinstantiated information in management of customer relationships. Polyinstantiation can be used to present different information to different customers who are segmented according to some criterion, such as prior purchase behavior. An empirical study shows that presentation of multilevel benefits information affects customer satisfaction with the offer and information quality which, in turn, affect the

Boris Jukic; David A. Kravitz; Nenad Jukic; Amanuel Tekleab; Laurie Meamber; Anthony Dashnaw

2009-01-01

359

The Widest Practicable Dissemination: The NASA Technical Report Server  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 established NASA and charged it to "provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning [...] its activities and the results thereof." The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA s information lead a grass-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. The NTRS is comprised of several units, some constructed especially for inclusion in NTRS, and others that are existing NASA publication services that NTRS reuses. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial 6-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Accomazzi, Alberto

1995-01-01

360

The widest practicable dissemination: The NASA technical report server  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 established NASA and charged it to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning...its activities and the results thereof.' The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA's information lead a grass-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. The NTRS is comprised of several units, some constructed especially for inclusion in NTRS, and others that are existing NASA publication services that NTRS reuses. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial six-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Accomazzi, Alberto

1995-01-01

361

Hot topic: Effect of breeding strategies using genomic information on fitness and health.  

PubMed

A complex deterministic approach was used to model the breeding goal and breeding structure for the Austrian Fleckvieh (dual-purpose Simmental) breed. The reference breeding goal corresponded to the current total merit index (TMI-R), where dairy traits have a relative weight of 37.9% and fitness traits of 43.7% (beef traits 16.5%; milkability 2%). The breeding program was characterized by 280,000 cows under performance recording, 3,200 bull dams, 100 test bulls with a test capacity of 25%, and 15 proven bulls and 8 bull sires per year. The annual monetary genetic gain (AMGG) was generated mainly by increases in milk fat and milk protein yield (80.6%) and only to a small extent by fitness traits (6.6%). The inclusion of direct health traits (early reproductive disorders, cystic ovaries, and mastitis) with their economic weights increased the relative AMGG for fitness traits from 6.6 to 11.2%. The presently slightly negative AMGG for fertility index and udder health changed in a positive direction. Increasing the weight on the direct health traits by 50% resulted in a further shift toward fitness and health. The effect of strategies using genomic information in a total merit index (TMI) with varying weights on fitness and health traits was also analyzed. The conventional progeny-testing scheme was defined as the reference breeding program. A breeding program was considered to be genomically enhanced (GS50) when 50% of inseminations of herdbook cows and of bull dams were from young bulls with a genomic TMI, and a second program (GS100) did not rely on progeny-tested bulls at all. For GS50, a clear shift of the relative gain in AMGG toward fitness and health traits was observed for all 3 TMI scenarios, as a result of larger progeny groups and a shorter generation interval. For GS100, where no gene flow from progeny-tested bulls was assumed, the genetic gain per generation was lower for the fertility and udder health index but higher per year. The results based on natural genetic gain per year showed that no positive genetic response for fertility and udder health index were achieved for TMI-R (without the inclusion of direct health traits) in GS50 and GS100. The direction of the genetic trend was determined by the weights given to fertility and udder health indices within the TMI. When appropriate weights generated a clear positive trend, GS50 and GS100 reinforced this trend. PMID:22818475

Egger-Danner, C; Willam, A; Fuerst, C; Schwarzenbacher, H; Fuerst-Waltl, B

2012-08-01

362

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: clinical and pathogenesis features.  

PubMed

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune-mediated disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). Disease typically starts with an abrupt onset of neurologic symptoms and signs within days to weeks after a viral infection or immunization. Neuropathological examination of the CNS in ADEM reveals involvement of white matter, with infiltration of monocytoid cells and perivenous demyelination. PMID:18657725

Noorbakhsh, Farshid; Johnson, Richard T; Emery, Derek; Power, Christopher

2008-08-01

363

Message Buffering in Epidemic Data Dissemination  

E-print Network

Message Buffering in Epidemic Data Dissemination I. This work is supported in part by TUBITAK (The is the buffer space used by individual peers of the group. Our aim is to optimize the buffer space while and compare it with a hash- based approach for buffer management. The effect of short and long term buffering

Caglar, Mine

364

A Proposed Framework for Educational Innovation Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the need for new educational technologies is increasing, the process for disseminating these innovations remains a challenge. A literature review shows that few studies have thoroughly investigated this area. Furthermore, there is no comprehensive framework or coordinated research agenda that may be used to guide such investigation. This…

Hazen, Benjamin T.; Wu, Yun; Sankar, Chetan S.; Jones-Farmer, L. Allison

2012-01-01

365

Participatory Dissemination: Paul Estabrooks, PhD  

E-print Network

that are Effective, Reach a lot Of People, and Can be Sustained #12;What is Participatory Dissemination Charge of What's Around You Problem Solving The Four Keys to Healthy Eating Out Talk Back to Negative Charge of What's Around You Problem Solving The Four Keys to Healthy Eating Out Talk Back to Negative

Illinois at Chicago, University of

366

ISDA 2010, Montpellier, June 28-30, 2010 1 AGRICULTURAL KNOWLEDGE INFORMATION  

E-print Network

relies on sound sustainable agricultural practices. The sustainable agricultural practices dissemination AND INNOVATIONS FOR TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Saravanan RAJ Associate, diffusion and adoption depend on agricultural knowledge information systems. To disseminate sustainable

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

367

73 FR 4584 - Strategy To Support Health Information Technology Among HRSA's Safety Net Providers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Technology Among HRSA's Safety Net Providers AGENCY: Health Resources and...Services Administration's (HRSA) safety net providers--Solicitation of Comments...information technology (HIT) among safety net providers, and requested comments on...

2008-01-25

368

71 FR 54829 - Strategy To Support Health Information Technology Among HRSA's Safety Net Providers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Technology Among HRSA's Safety Net Providers AGENCY: Health Resources and...section 330 grantees and other HRSA safety-net providers through its Office of Health Information...information technology (HIT) in the safety-net community. OHIT is also responsible...

2006-09-19

369

Bioinformatics education dissemination with an evolutionary problem solving perspective.  

PubMed

Bioinformatics is central to biology education in the 21st century. With the generation of terabytes of data per day, the application of computer-based tools to stored and distributed data is fundamentally changing research and its application to problems in medicine, agriculture, conservation and forensics. In light of this 'information revolution,' undergraduate biology curricula must be redesigned to prepare the next generation of informed citizens as well as those who will pursue careers in the life sciences. The BEDROCK initiative (Bioinformatics Education Dissemination: Reaching Out, Connecting and Knitting together) has fostered an international community of bioinformatics educators. The initiative's goals are to: (i) Identify and support faculty who can take leadership roles in bioinformatics education; (ii) Highlight and distribute innovative approaches to incorporating evolutionary bioinformatics data and techniques throughout undergraduate education; (iii) Establish mechanisms for the broad dissemination of bioinformatics resource materials and teaching models; (iv) Emphasize phylogenetic thinking and problem solving; and (v) Develop and publish new software tools to help students develop and test evolutionary hypotheses. Since 2002, BEDROCK has offered more than 50 faculty workshops around the world, published many resources and supported an environment for developing and sharing bioinformatics education approaches. The BEDROCK initiative builds on the established pedagogical philosophy and academic community of the BioQUEST Curriculum Consortium to assemble the diverse intellectual and human resources required to sustain an international reform effort in undergraduate bioinformatics education. PMID:21036947

Jungck, John R; Donovan, Samuel S; Weisstein, Anton E; Khiripet, Noppadon; Everse, Stephen J

2010-11-01

370

The clearinghouse concept: a model for geospatial data centralization and dissemination in a disaster.  

PubMed

The disaster clearinghouse concept originates with the earthquake community as an effort to coordinate research and data collection activities. Though prior earthquake clearinghouses are small in comparison to what was needed in response to Hurricane Katrina, these seminal structures are germane to the establishment of our current model. On 3 September 2005, five days after Katrina wrought cataclysmic destruction along the Gulf Coast, FEMA and Louisiana State University personnel met to establish the LSU GIS Clearinghouse Cooperative (LGCC), a resource for centralization and dissemination of geospatial information related to Hurricane Katrina. Since its inception, the LGCC has developed into a working model for organization, dissemination, archiving and research regarding geospatial information in a disaster. This article outlines the formation of the LGCC, issues of data organization, and methods of data dissemination and archiving with an eye towards implementing the clearinghouse model as a standard resource for addressing geospatial data needs in disaster research and management. PMID:18958915

Mills, Jacqueline Warren; Curtis, Andrew; Pine, John C; Kennedy, Barrett; Jones, Farrell; Ramani, Ramesh; Bausch, Douglas

2008-09-01

371

Information Technology: Making It All Fit. Track VII: Hardware/Software/Networking Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six papers from the 1988 CAUSE conference's Track VI, Hardware/Software/Networking Strategies, are presented. They include: "Technological Synergies Are No Accident!" (James I. Penrod and Michael G. Dolence); "Augmentation Quotient" (William H. Branch); "Step 2: Of Bridges and Gateways--The Linking of Winthrop College's Novell NetWare LANs"…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

372

Exploiting Cellular Data for Disease Containment and Information Campaigns Strategies in Country-Wide Epidemics  

E-print Network

-grained assumptions. Mobility phone data provide a unique opportunity for building models and defining strategies, also gathered from the phone call data. More specifically, we find that restricting mobility does conversations among members of social groups might be an effective countermeasure. I. INTRODUCTION Health

Musolesi, Mirco

373

Evolution of strategies in repeated stochastic games with full information of the payoff matrix  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework for studying the evolution of cooperative behaviour, using evolution of finite state strategies, is presented. The interaction between agents is modelled by a repeated game with random observable payoffs. The agents are thus faced with a more complex (and general) situation, compared to the Prisoner's Dilemma that has been widely used for in- vestigating the conditions for cooperation

Anders Eriksson; Kristian Lindgren

374

Radio's Role in Development: Five Strategies of Use. Information Bulletin Number Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Radio has several advantages which give it great potential for improving living conditions in the rural areas of developing countries. It is the most universal mass communication medium and is presently able to support effective, low-cost local development programs. At present, the five most effective utilization strategies are the following: 1)…

McAnany, Emile G.

375

Strategies for Improving Miners' Training. CDC Workplace Safety and Health Information Circular, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These eight papers are intended to help prepare trainers of mine safety for an expected influx of younger workers as experienced miners retire and acquaint the trainers with strategies they can use to enhance their training effectiveness. "Principles of Adult Learning: Application for Mine Trainers" (Kathleen M. Kowalski, Charles Vaught) reviews…

Peters, Robert H., Ed.

376

Online Search Strategies of Educational Administrators for Determining the Credibility of Information Gleaned from a Website  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a survey of 158 educational leaders situated in public schools, the level of educational leadership, whether a school superintendent or a principal in a secondary, middle-school, or elementary school, was not a significant factor in operational online strategies utilized or benchmarks relied upon for determining the credibility of…

Morrison, James L.; Oladunjoye, Ganiyu T.; Rose, Dale

2008-01-01

377

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre feasibility study. Volume 2. Market definition and strategy. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume II details the methods and results of the market studies and presents recommended marketing strategies. The market study revealed significant potential benefits from supercomputer usage in Malaysia, supporting the national goals for industrialization.

Not Available

1992-05-01

378

A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities and colleges have placed increased emphasis on teaching excellence in higher education. Efforts to promote teaching excellence vary from the development of alternative new pedagogies as well as research exploring strategies to improve existing teaching practices. Logically, different disciplines employ different instructional…

Djajalaksana, Yenni M.

2011-01-01

379

Evaluation of Training: Strategy, Tactics and Problems. Training Information Sources, No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the literature review is to outline the basic considerations involved in designing and conducting meaningful evaluation of training efforts in work organizations. First to be examined are basic questions in training evaluation strategy: the barriers to conducting evaluation of training efforts, the reasons for conducting such…

Trice, Harrison M.; Roman, Paul M.

380

New Information and Communication Technologies in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Strategies and Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will primarily allow a definition of the strategic development of ICT in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to be put forward. For the most part it involves the precision of many types of measures and strategies (such as institutional, regulatory, infrastructural measures), human resources, the development of content and partnerships,…

Banza, Nsomwe-a- Nfunkwa

2006-01-01

381

Sources and Information Regarding Effective Retention Strategies for Students of Color.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reporting literature from the ERIC system, highlights issues and concerns regarding minority student retention and learning success within community colleges. Discusses factors contributing to declining retention rates and effective programming strategies designed to address continued participation of students of color. (KS)

Zamani, Eboni M.

2000-01-01

382

Emotion Regulation Strategies That Promote Learning: Reappraisal Enhances Children's Memory for Educational Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The link between emotion regulation and academic achievement is well documented. Less is known about specific emotion regulation strategies that promote learning. Six- to 13-year-olds ("N" = 126) viewed a sad film and were instructed to reappraise the importance, reappraise the outcome, or ruminate about the sad events; another group received no…

Davis, Elizabeth L.; Levine, Linda J.

2013-01-01

383

Mitigating Information Exposure to Cheaters in Real-Time Strategy Games  

E-print Network

such as Half-life, Lineage, and Warcraft record hundreds of thousands of players per day. Cheating in on and players. The popular real-time strategy game genre is especially vulnerable to cheats, as it is fre Association (IDSA) 2004 report cites half of all Americans aging six and older as video game players

384

Communities of Practice: A Strategy for Program Improvement. Information Brief, Volume 4, Issue 3, 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school students with disabilities encounter many barriers to successful transition, and thus they are likelier to drop out of school than their nondisabled peers and have more difficulties finding employment. Policy makers and practitioners in many fields are increasingly using communities of practice as a core strategy for developing…

Johnson, Donna; Bremer, Christine D.

2005-01-01

385

15 CFR 296.31 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM Dissemination of Program Results § 296.31 Dissemination of results. Results stemming from the...

2010-01-01

386

15 CFR 296.31 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM Dissemination of Program Results § 296.31 Dissemination of results. Results stemming from the...

2011-01-01

387

Delay Analysis of Car-to-Car Reliable Data Delivery Strategies Based on Data Mulling with Network Coding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET) aims to enhance vehicle navigation safety by providing an early warning system: any chance of accidents is informed through the wireless communication between vehicles. For the warning system to work, it is crucial that safety messages be reliably delivered to the target vehicles in a timely manner and thus reliable and timely data dissemination service is the key building block of VANET. Data mulling technique combined with three strategies, network codeing, erasure coding and repetition coding, is proposed for the reliable and timely data dissemination service. Particularly, vehicles in the opposite direction on a highway are exploited as data mules, mobile nodes physically delivering data to destinations, to overcome intermittent network connectivity cause by sparse vehicle traffic. Using analytic models, we show that in such a highway data mulling scenario the network coding based strategy outperforms erasure coding and repetition based strategies.

Park, Joon-Sang; Lee, Uichin; Oh, Soon Young; Gerla, Mario; Lun, Desmond Siumen; Ro, Won Woo; Park, Joonseok

388

Observatory of the Information Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Observatory of the Information Society, an extensive Website developed by UNESCO, aims "to raise awareness on the ethical, legal, and societal challenges brought about by new [information and communication] technologies." The site collects and disseminates current information for UNESCO's 186 Member States, focusing on four themes: Privacy and Confidentiality, Content Regulation, Multilingualism, and Access to Public Domain Information. The Privacy and Confidentiality section encompasses issues such as the protection of personal data, cryptography, and digital signatures. The Content Regulation section covers topics including the freedom of expression, violence in cyberspace, and child protection. The Multilingualism section offers resources on linguistic rights, diversity promotion, and language technologies. The Access to Public Domain Information section contains documents related to the public information policies adopted by various nations. The site also includes Action Plans, Strategies and Policies, a section that provides resources on the information infrastructures of international organizations and countries worldwide.

389

Next-Generation Sequencing of Disseminated Tumor Cells  

PubMed Central

Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) detected in the bone marrow have been shown as an independent prognostic factor for women with breast cancer. However, the mechanisms behind the tumor cell dissemination are still unclear and more detailed knowledge is needed to fully understand why some cells remain dormant and others metastasize. Sequencing of single cells has opened for the possibility to dissect the genetic content of subclones of a primary tumor, as well as DTCs. Previous studies of genetic changes in DTCs have employed single-cell array comparative genomic hybridization which provides information about larger aberrations. To date, next-generation sequencing provides the possibility to discover new, smaller, and copy neutral genetic changes. In this study, we performed whole-genome amplification and subsequently next-generation sequencing to analyze DTCs from two breast cancer patients. We compared copy-number profiles of the DTCs and the corresponding primary tumor generated from sequencing and SNP-comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) data, respectively. While one tumor revealed mostly whole-arm gains and losses, the other had more complex alterations, as well as subclonal amplification and deletions. Whole-arm gains or losses in the primary tumor were in general also observed in the corresponding DTC. Both primary tumors showed amplification of chromosome 1q and deletion of parts of chromosome 16q, which was recaptured in the corresponding DTCs. Interestingly, clear differences were also observed, indicating that the DTC underwent further evolution at the copy-number level. This study provides a proof-of-principle for sequencing of DTCs and correlation with primary copy-number profiles. The analyses allow insight into tumor cell dissemination and show ongoing copy-number evolution in DTCs compared to the primary tumors. PMID:24427740

M?ller, Elen K.; Kumar, Parveen; Voet, Thierry; Peterson, April; Van Loo, Peter; Mathiesen, Randi R.; Fjelldal, Renathe; Grundstad, Jason; Borgen, Elin; Baumbusch, Lars O.; Naume, Bj?rn; B?rresen-Dale, Anne-Lise; White, Kevin P.; Nord, Silje; Kristensen, Vessela N.

2013-01-01

390

Dissemination of CERN Technologies Through External Entrepreneurs  

E-print Network

This study focuses on dissemination of innovations through external entrepreneurs. The innovations studied are developed at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and commercialized by entrepreneurs establishing spin-off companies on the outside of the Organization. The objective of this study is to provide knowledge to facilitate future external entrepreneurs to increase dissemination of CERN technologies. The research questions looks at the timeline from preparations for creating the spin-off company, until having a product for commercialization in the market. A qualitative cross case investigation was conducted to assess the experiences of four spin-off companies. A framework was created to structure the discussion by finding and categorizing impeding- and success factors seen from the entrepreneurs point of view. The findings where structured in three phases respectively, the time before starting the company, the beginning of the company and the final development before selling products. Th...

Lande, Bjørnulf Visdal; Huuse, Henning

2008-01-01

391

Dissemination of Educational Tools and Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IDEAS program is oriented towards innovative approaches to education and therefore result in a wide range of programs including Astro Capella (the creation of a capella astronomy songs written and performed by a group from NASA/GSFC, Smale, Boyd, and Granger), video kiosks in the Air and Space Museum (SAO, Dow), teaching astronomy in the parks (U of Wisconsin, Bjorkman, Wilcots), as well as the more bread and butter programs of teacher training and curriculum development. In addition to describing some of the diverse programs to come out of the IDEAS programs, I will discuss the dissemination of the results of those programs, and especially the role of the broker/facilitator in that dissemination. The audience is invited to participate in this discussion.

Christian, C.

1998-05-01

392

The Web as an Information Resource in K-12 Education: Strategies for Supporting Students in Searching and Processing Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of the Web in K-12 education has increased substantially in recent years. The Web, however, does not support the learning processes of students as a matter of course. In this review, the authors analyze what research says about the demands that the use of the Web as an information resource in education makes on the support and supervision…

Kuiper, Els; Volman, Monique; Terwel, Jan

2005-01-01

393

Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis: a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP) is a type of porokeratosis observed in parts of the skin exposed to intense sunlight and usually appears in the third or fourth decade of life. Since it is a rare disorder, herein we present our experience of a 57-year-old man with DSAP. Dermatological examination of the patient revealed pink\\/red multiple papular lesions, ranging in

Asli ERALP

394

Ideal free distribution or dynamic game? An agent-based simulation study of trawling strategies with varying information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An ecological economic model of trawling is presented to demonstrate the effect of trawling location choice strategy on net input (rate of economic gain of fish caught per time spent less costs). Fishing location choice is considered to be a dynamic process whereby trawlers chose from among a repertoire of plastic strategies that they modify if their gains fall below a fixed proportion of the mean gains of the fleet as a whole. The distribution of fishing across different areas of a fishery follows an approximate ideal free distribution (IFD) with varying noise due to uncertainty. The least-productive areas are not utilised because initial net input never reaches the mean yield of better areas subject to competitive exploitation. In cases, where there is a weak temporal autocorrelation between fish stocks in a specific location, a plastic strategy of local translocation between trawls mixed with longer-range translocation increases realised input. The trawler can change its translocation strategy in the light of information about recent trawling success compared to its long-term average but, in contrast to predictions of the Marginal Value Theorem (MVT) model, does not know for certain what it will find by moving, so may need to sample new patches. The combination of the two types of translocation mirrored beam-trawling strategies used by the Dutch fleet and the resultant distribution of trawling effort is confirmed by analysis of historical effort distribution of British otter trawling fleets in the North Sea. Fisheries exploitation represents an area where dynamic agent-based adaptive models may be a better representation of the economic dynamics of a fleet than classically inspired optimisation models.

Beecham, J. A.; Engelhard, G. H.

2007-10-01

395

CyberStrategies: How To Build an Internet-Based Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many organizations grapple with a glut of electronic information spawned by stockpiles of incompatible computers. This book offers solutions in information sharing and computer interaction. Rather than being about the Internet per se, it is about approaches that are characteristic of the Internet and the managerial and technical aspects of…

Carroll, Michael L.; Downs, W. Scott

396

Vision and Strategy for Campus Enterprise Architecture Information Technology Architecture Committee (ITAC)  

E-print Network

in local systems. Information is appropriately accessible anytime, anywhere in areas where internet access the value of managing information as a key strategic asset by creating an effective campus governance in this governance structure. The elements of the overall governance structure are documented in this roadmap

Jacobs, Lucia

397

Do your friends make you smarter?: An analysis of social strategies in online information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research in the social search space has focused on the informational benefits of col- laborating with others during web and workplace information seeking. However, social interactions, especially during complex tasks, can have cognitive benefits as well. Our goal in this paper is to document the methods and outcomes of using social resources to help with exploratory search tasks. We

Brynn M. Evans; Sanjay Kairam; Peter Pirolli

2010-01-01

398

How hip-hop musicians learn: Strategies in informal creative music making  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of informal musical learning outside institutional settings, such as schools, has proved to contribute important knowledge to aspects of music education. Hip-hop, as an example of informal musical learning, has so far been quite an unexplored field for research. The present study investigates music creation within two hip-hop groups (communes) in Sweden. The focus is on the creative

Johan Söderman; Göran Folkestad

2004-01-01

399

Nudging toward Inquiry: Strategies for Searching for and Finding Great Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inquiry does not replace information literacy; rather, it encompasses it. Inquiry-based learning invites school librarians to step into all aspects of instructional planning, from activating prior knowledge straight through to reflection. Libraries pursuing inquiry-based instruction are building on the bedrock of information literacy, not starting…

Fontichiaro, Kristin, Comp.

2010-01-01

400

How Hip-Hop Musicians Learn: Strategies in Informal Creative Music Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of informal musical learning outside institutional settings, such as schools, has proved to contribute important knowledge to aspects of music education. Hip-hop, as an example of informal musical learning, has so far been quite an unexplored field for research. The present study investigates music creation within two hip-hop groups (…

Soderman, Johan; Folkestad, Goran

2004-01-01

401

Information\\/communication and dispatching strategies for networks with mobile servers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dispatch problem for a network with a general number of nonstationary service units is discussed. The possibility of dispatching a service unit to a call for service while the unit is in motion depends on the quality of the information\\/communication system available. Three information\\/communication systems are investigated: two extreme cases in which only stationary units can be dispatched from

O. Berman; M. R. Rahnama

1990-01-01

402

Adaptive information search: age-dependent interactions between cognitive profiles and strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has shown that older adults performed worse in web search tasks, and attributed poorer performance to a decline in their cognitive abilities. We conducted a study involving younger and older adults to compare their web search behavior and performance in ill- defined and well-defined information tasks using a health information website. In ill-defined tasks, only a general description

Jessie Chin; Wai-tat Fu; Thomas George Kannampallil

2009-01-01

403

Dissemination and Implementation Research Funded by the US National Institutes of Health, 2005-2012  

PubMed Central

Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research is a growing area of science focused on overcoming the science-practice gap by targeting the distribution of information and adoption of interventions to public health and clinical practice settings. This study examined D&I research projects funded under specific program announcements by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 2005 to 2012. The authors described the projects' D&I strategies, funding by NIH Institute, focus, characteristics of the principal investigators (PIs) and their organizations, and other aspects of study design and setting. Results showed 46 R01s, 6 R03s, and 24 R21s funded totaling $79.2 million. The top funders were the National Cancer Institute and the National Institute of Mental Health, together providing 61% of funding. The majority of PIs were affiliated with Schools of Medicine or large, nonprofit research organizations and think tanks. Only 4% of projects were to PIs with appointments at Schools of Nursing, with 7% of the funding. The most commonly funded projects across all of the studies focused on cancer control and screening, substance abuse prevention and treatment, and mental health services. Typically implemented in community and organizational settings, D&I research provides an excellent opportunity for team science, including nurse scientists and interdisciplinary collaborators. PMID:23606958

Tinkle, Mindy; Kimball, Richard; Haozous, Emily A.; Shuster, George; Meize-Grochowski, Robin

2013-01-01

404

A content analysis of advertisements for psychotherapy workshops: implications for disseminating empirically supported treatments.  

PubMed

This study involved a content analysis of 261 unique advertisements for psychotherapy workshops that appeared in two bimonthly clinical magazines, Psychotherapy Networker and Counselor, during a 2-year period. Two independent judges coded each advertisement and documented the type and prevalence of advertising appeals used. From the seminal diffusion of innovations model, Rogers' (2003) five perceived characteristics of innovations found to influence adoption in diverse fields were not well represented in these workshops appeals, appearing less than 10% each. Few advertisements cited specific empirically supported treatments or presented any evidence of treatment effectiveness beyond expert testimonials. The most frequently noted appeals were to benefit the clinician (e.g., earning education credit or developing skills), characteristics that enhance credibility of the workshop (e.g., reference to storied history or mention of faculty), and features of the advertisements itself (e.g., use of superlatives and exclamation points). Promotional strategies to advertise psychotherapy workshops can be used to inform the dissemination of empirically supported treatments. PMID:18271002

Cook, Joan M; Weingardt, Kenneth R; Jaszka, Jacqueline; Wiesner, Michael

2008-03-01

405

A novel right ventricle segmentation strategy using local spatio-temporal MRI information with a prior regularizer term  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work is presented a novel strategy that tracks the right ventricle (RV) shape during a whole cardiac cycle in magnetic resonance sequences (MRC). The proposed approach obtains a set of spatio-temporal observations from a bidirectional per pixel motion descriptor which are each time fused with prior learned edges. A main advantage of the proposed approach is a robust MRI heart characterization that is regularized by a prior information, obtaining in each cardiac state coherent results. The proposed approach achieves a Dice Score of 0.64 evaluated over 16 patients.

Atehortúa, Angélica; Martínez, Fabio; Romero, Eduardo

2013-11-01

406

Incorporating use of a mixed-media information tool into the work of actors involved in the development of livestock production in Tanzania; dissemination, user training, monitoring and evaluation, and impact  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to timely, validated information is problematic for many personnel with direct or support roles in livestock production in rural Tanzania. To address this issue, potential users were trained in the application of the Animal Heath and Production Compendium (AHPC), a mixed-media encyclopaedic knowledgebase, with the aim of delivering the benefits of the tool to a substantial number of relevant

Jane Frances ASABA; Gareth Ronald RICHARDS; Dannie ROMNEY

2010-01-01

407

Beyond the media: A new strategy for distributing scientific and technical information  

SciTech Connect

Communications media -- newspapers, television, magazines, etc. -- may be the most powerful single influence on modern life. Certainly they are the most important source of information citizens use to form opinions about such complex scientific questions as global warming or nuclear waste cleanup. But commercial news media have built-in limitations on their effectiveness as information sources. Reliance on advertising for revenue means the media are limited in the volume of material they can cover. In addition, the need to attract the largest possible, or the most select, audience for advertisers limits the complexity of information that the media can present. Finally, existing media organizations offer few, if any, ways for users to retrieve past information. These limitations deprive citizens of needed information, increase pressure on political leaders, and create the gridlock over scientific and public policy questions caused by the Not in My Backyard'' snydrome. Fortunately, modern communications technology is changing in ways that allow public policy makers to address these shortenings. Companies now barred from the information business are seeking to enter, existing media companies are looking for new sources of revenue, and new information products are seeking markets. Several changes to existing media and communications policy will be suggested and general principles for building a better overall communications system will be discussed. 18 refs.

Preecs, B.L.

1991-11-01

408

Information and Communication Technology: Students' Health Education in 1st- to 6th-Grade South Korea Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The purposes of this study were to (1) identify school nurses' awareness of information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' health education and (2) explore the barriers or reasons for the adoption of ICT in school nursing practice, while (3) presenting strategies to speed ICT diffusion and dissemination into…

Lee, Eunjoo; Park, Hyejin; Whyte, James; Jeong, Eunhoe

2013-01-01

409

A Comparative Study of Data Dissemination Models for VANETs Tamer Nadeem,  

E-print Network

network environment for intelligent transportation systems. Many of the applications built for VANETs will depend on the data push communication model, where information is disseminated to a group of vehicles. We study the data push model in the context of TrafficView, a system we have implemented

Iftode, Liviu

410

Rich Content Dissemination in Hybrid Cellular and 802.11 Ad Hoc Networks  

E-print Network

, crisis response, online meetings and conferences, and sporting events. For example, tactical networksCAST targets information dissemination over a range of scenarios (e.g., military operations, crisis alerting, and popular sporting events) in which high reliability and low latency are critical and existing fixed

Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

411

A Conference on Validation and Dissemination (Daytona Beach, Florida, May 2-4, 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the activities of the Southeastern Teacher Corps Network's May 1979 conference on the validation of programs and the dissemination of information. Concerns of the meeting were: the establishment of procedures for program validation processes, the increased awareness of naturalistic data-gathering techniques for educational…

Dansker, Judith

412

Dissemination Recommendations on and Descriptions of Exemplary Products. Panel Review of Products (PROP), 1972-1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 23 products selected in the Panel Review of Products (PROP) in 1972-1973 and the dissemination recommendations made are discussed, and product descriptions are provided. The product descriptions present information as to what each product is, what it does, and whom it is designed to serve. Emphasis is given to evaluation evidence on…

Walton, Wesley W.; And Others

413

A Campus-Community Partnership to Disseminate Health Internet Technology Resources among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is increasingly used to disseminate health information about diseases and prevention and to help in obtaining health services. Although technology can empower African Americans to adopt healthy lifestyles, the gap in usage between African Americans and Whites undermines the potential power of health Internet technology (IT) to…

Littlefield, Melissa B.; Edwards, Lorece; Akers, Timothy

2014-01-01

414

Scholarly Knowledge Development and Dissemination in an International Context: Approaches and Tools for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the process of collaboratively creating and disseminating information resources, such as journals, books, papers, and multimedia resources in higher education. This process has been facilitated and encouraged by two relatively new movements, open-source and, especially, open access. The most definitive expression of the…

Willis, Jerry; Baron, Josh; Lee, Reba-Anna; Gozza-Cohen, Mary; Currie, Amity

2010-01-01

415

Synthesizing and Disseminating Recommended Practices in Early Intervention/Early Childhood Special Education. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report discusses the activities and outcomes of a project that addressed three challenges to improving outcomes for young children with disabilities: (1) a current and thorough synthesis of the knowledge base, (2) the effective translation and dissemination of this information for families, practitioners, and administrators, and (3) an…

Smith, Barbara J.

416

Evaluation and Dissemination of Educational Materials of Relevance in a Multicultural Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the evaluation and dissemination of educational materials of relevance in a multicultural society in the context of cultural diversity in Great Britain, and of information service provision in education. The background of multicultural education in the United Kingdom (UK) is discussed in terms of both societal and educational…

Klein, Gillian

417

Disseminating evidence-based practices in substance abuse treatment: A review with suggestions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although substance abuse professionals are generally open to new and better therapeutic methods, most evidence-based treatments do not easily find their way into practice. Natural diffusion processes for innovations in substance abuse treatments are relatively informal and have yielded a widely acknowledged gap between science and community practice. This review focuses on methods for effectively disseminating new treatment methods into

William R. Miller; James L. Sorensen; Jeffrey A. Selzer; Gregory S. Brigham

2006-01-01

418

Dissemination of Nutritional Knowledge in Germany – Nutrition Circle, 3D Food Pyramid and 10 Nutrition Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Presentation of the general concept of the German Nutrition Society for a successful dissemination of nutritional knowledge. Methods: Evaluation of actual material used for nutrition education and teaching. Results: In Germany, different validated instruments on the basis of actual scientific evidence are available. Quantitative aspects can be easily enlightened with the help of the Nutrition Circle. Information concerning optimal

Peter Stehle

2007-01-01

419

Modes of Access: The Influence of Dissemination Channels on the Use of Open Access Monographs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper studies the effects of several dissemination channels in an open access environment by analysing the download data of the OAPEN Library. Method: Download data were obtained containing the number of downloads and the name of the Internet provider. Based on public information, each Internet provider was categorised. The…

Snijder, Ronald

2014-01-01

420

Food urbanism : urban agriculture as a strategy to facilitate social mobility in informal settlements  

E-print Network

Can community-based urban agriculture generate stronger communities? How is this possible? This thesis explores the possibility of community development through application of community gardens in an informal settlement ...

Amirtahmasebi, Rana

2008-01-01

421

The role of customer experience in technology strategy : implications for product adoption in information technology  

E-print Network

This research identifies and describes the impact of customer experience on the adoption of information technology products. The research findings are applied to the business case of a global technology firm entering into ...

Vernon, Mona Masghati

2011-01-01

422

Data-gathering strategies for social-behavioural research about participatory geographical information system use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies about geographical information systems (GIS) use contribute to geographic information science through critical evaluation of the concepts embedded in GIS tools. Social-behavioural studies about group use of GIS help us to understand the social implications of GIS because groups are fundamental units underlying intra-organizational, organization-wide, and inter-organizational activity in society. When group communication technology is integrated with basic GIS

Timothy L. Nyerges; Piotr Jankowski; Christina H. Drew

2002-01-01

423

A proposal to use a balanced scorecard to evaluate Information for Health: an information strategy for the modern NHS (1998-2005).  

PubMed

The author was invited to assist in the development of an evaluation methodology for the Strategy. One of the conundrums of measuring the information management & technology (IM&T) function is that infrastructure investments cannot be cost justified on a return on investment basis. The balanced scorecard (BSC) is a means to evaluate corporate performance from four different perspectives: the financial perspective, the internal business process perspective, the customer perspective, and the learning and growth perspective. An IM&T BSC for Information for Health was recommended as means of allowing managers to see the positive and negative impacts of IM&T activities on the factors that are important to the NHS as a whole. PMID:11922937

Protti, Denis

2002-05-01

424

Sources, perceived usefulness and understanding of information disseminated to families who entered home quarantine during the H1N1 pandemic in Victoria, Australia: a cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Voluntary home quarantine of cases and close contacts was the main non-pharmaceutical intervention used to limit transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza (pH1N1) in the initial response to the outbreak of the disease in Australia. The effectiveness of voluntary quarantine logically depends on affected families having a clear understanding of what they are being asked to do. Information may

Anne M Kavanagh; Rebecca J Bentley; Kate E Mason; Jodie McVernon; Sylvia Petrony; James Fielding; Anthony D LaMontagne; David M Studdert

2011-01-01

425

Evaluation of a Treatment Manual and Workshops for Disseminating, Parent–Child Interaction Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study’s main purposes were to: (a) evaluate a treatment manual as a dissemination strategy, (b) compare two workshop\\u000a formats for evidence-based treatment (EBT) training, and (c) provide preliminary data on therapist characteristics potentially\\u000a associated with successful EBT adoption. Forty-two community-based clinicians were assigned to one of two training groups\\u000a (didactic or experiential). Behavior observation and self-report data were collected

Amy D. Herschell; Cheryl B. McNeil; Anthony J. Urquiza; Jean M. McGrath; Nancy M. Zebell; Susan G. Timmer; Alissa Porter

2009-01-01

426

A framework for disseminating evidence-based health promotion practices.  

PubMed

Wider adoption of evidence-based, health promotion practices depends on developing and testing effective dissemination approaches. To assist in developing these approaches, we created a practical framework drawn from the literature on dissemination and our experiences disseminating evidence-based practices. The main elements of our framework are 1) a close partnership between researchers and a disseminating organization that takes ownership of the dissemination process and 2) use of social marketing principles to work closely with potential user organizations. We present 2 examples illustrating the framework: EnhanceFitness, for physical activity among older adults, and American Cancer Society Workplace Solutions, for chronic disease prevention among workers. We also discuss 7 practical roles that researchers play in dissemination and related research: sorting through the evidence, conducting formative research, assessing readiness of user organizations, balancing fidelity and reinvention, monitoring and evaluating, influencing the outer context, and testing dissemination approaches. PMID:22172189

Harris, Jeffrey R; Cheadle, Allen; Hannon, Peggy A; Forehand, Mark; Lichiello, Patricia; Mahoney, Eustacia; Snyder, Susan; Yarrow, Judith

2012-01-01

427

Use of Spatial Information and Search Strategies in a Water Maze Analog in Drosophila melanogaster  

PubMed Central

Learning the spatial organization of the environment is crucial to fitness in most animal species. Understanding proximate and ultimate factors underpinning spatial memory is thus a major goal in the study of animal behavior. Despite considerable interest in various aspects of its behavior and biology, the model species Drosophila melanogaster lacks a standardized apparatus to investigate spatial learning and memory. We propose here a novel apparatus, the heat maze, conceptually based on the Morris water maze used in rodents. Using the heat maze, we demonstrate that D. melanogaster flies are able to use either proximal or distal visual cues to increase their performance in navigating to a safe zone. We also show that flies are actively using the orientation of distal visual cues when relevant in targeting the safe zone, i.e., Drosophila display spatial learning. Parameter-based classification of search strategies demonstrated the progressive use of spatially precise search strategies during learning. We discuss the opportunity to unravel the mechanistic and evolutionary bases of spatial learning in Drosophila using the heat maze. PMID:21151940

Foucaud, Julien; Burns, James G.; Mery, Frederic

2010-01-01

428

Confidence sharing: an economic strategy for efficient information flows in animal groups.  

PubMed

Social animals may share information to obtain a more complete and accurate picture of their surroundings. However, physical constraints on communication limit the flow of information between interacting individuals in a way that can cause an accumulation of errors and deteriorated collective behaviors. Here, we theoretically study a general model of information sharing within animal groups. We take an algorithmic perspective to identify efficient communication schemes that are, nevertheless, economic in terms of communication, memory and individual internal computation. We present a simple and natural algorithm in which each agent compresses all information it has gathered into a single parameter that represents its confidence in its behavior. Confidence is communicated between agents by means of active signaling. We motivate this model by novel and existing empirical evidences for confidence sharing in animal groups. We rigorously show that this algorithm competes extremely well with the best possible algorithm that operates without any computational constraints. We also show that this algorithm is minimal, in the sense that further reduction in communication may significantly reduce performances. Our proofs rely on the Cramér-Rao bound and on our definition of a Fisher Channel Capacity. We use these concepts to quantify information flows within the group which are then used to obtain lower bounds on collective performance. The abstract nature of our model makes it rigorously solvable and its conclusions highly general. Indeed, our results suggest confidence sharing as a central notion in the context of animal communication. PMID:25275649

Korman, Amos; Greenwald, Efrat; Feinerman, Ofer

2014-10-01

429

Confidence Sharing: An Economic Strategy for Efficient Information Flows in Animal Groups  

PubMed Central

Social animals may share information to obtain a more complete and accurate picture of their surroundings. However, physical constraints on communication limit the flow of information between interacting individuals in a way that can cause an accumulation of errors and deteriorated collective behaviors. Here, we theoretically study a general model of information sharing within animal groups. We take an algorithmic perspective to identify efficient communication schemes that are, nevertheless, economic in terms of communication, memory and individual internal computation. We present a simple and natural algorithm in which each agent compresses all information it has gathered into a single parameter that represents its confidence in its behavior. Confidence is communicated between agents by means of active signaling. We motivate this model by novel and existing empirical evidences for confidence sharing in animal groups. We rigorously show that this algorithm competes extremely well with the best possible algorithm that operates without any computational constraints. We also show that this algorithm is minimal, in the sense that further reduction in communication may significantly reduce performances. Our proofs rely on the Cramér-Rao bound and on our definition of a Fisher Channel Capacity. We use these concepts to quantify information flows within the group which are then used to obtain lower bounds on collective performance. The abstract nature of our model makes it rigorously solvable and its conclusions highly general. Indeed, our results suggest confidence sharing as a central notion in the context of animal communication. PMID:25275649

Korman, Amos; Greenwald, Efrat; Feinerman, Ofer

2014-01-01

430

The Information Society--A Challenge for Education Policies? Policy Options and Implementation Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to clarify the nature of the curriculum debate and to indicate the issues that need to be considered when formulating curriculum policy, this paper begins with a review of the educational reasons for using the New Information and Communication Technologies (NICT) and the thinking and experiences which lie behind them. Ways in which the…

Eraut, Michael

431

Business continuity strategies for cyber defence: battling time and information overload.  

PubMed

Can the same numbers and letters which are the life blood of modern business and government computer systems be harnessed to protect computers from attack against known information security risks? For the past seven years, Foreign Service officers and technicians of the US Government have sought to maintain diplomatic operations in the face of rising cyber attacks and test the hypothesis that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. As eight out of ten attacks leverage known computer security vulnerabilities or configuration setting weaknesses, a pound of cure would seem to be easy to come by. Yet modern security tools present an unusually consequential threat to business continuity - too much rather than too little information on cyber problems is presented, harking back to a phenomenon cited by social scientists in the 1960s called 'information overload'. Experience indicates that the longer the most serious cyber problems go untreated, the wider the attack surface adversaries can find. One technique used at the Department of State, called 'risk scoring', resulted in an 89 per cent overall reduction in measured risk over 12 months for the Department of State's servers and personal computers. Later refinements of risk scoring enabled technicians to correct unique security threats with unprecedented speed. This paper explores how the use of metrics, special care in presenting information to technicians and executives alike, as well as tactical use of organisational incentives can result in stronger cyber defences protecting modern organisations. PMID:21177217

Streufert, John

2010-11-01

432

Laboratory Logistics: Strategies for Integrating Information Literacy Instruction into Science Laboratory Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Active learning is a hallmark of the traditional science laboratory class, making it a natural place for librarians to integrate active information literacy instruction. The course structure of science lab classes, particularly large entry-level undergraduate classes, can make the logistics of such integration a challenge. This paper presents two…

Gregory, Kathleen

2013-01-01

433

Comparing strategies to integrate health information systems following a data warehouse approach in four countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents four country cases of standardizing and integrating health data which are all following what is here termed a data warehouse approach; data from across different health programs are organized in one database framework - or data warehouse. In all countries, fragmentation of health information in different partly overlapping sub- systems run by different vertical health programs represented

Edem K. Kossi; Johan Ivar Sæbo; Ola H. Titlestad; Romain R. Tohouri; Jørn Braa

2009-01-01

434

Disseminated Cancer in Pregnancy: Krukenberg Tumour  

PubMed Central

Disseminated cancer presenting in pregnancy is extremely rare and its presentation can easily be obscured by pregnancy and physiological changes that occur with it. This case describes a patient who was diagnosed incidentally following investigations for preeclampsia. Despite initially being thought to be of low risk, the final diagnosis was that of metastasis from a primary cancer of an unknown origin, most likely a gastric adenocarcinoma. Although patients are under thorough observation throughout their pregnancy, this case highlights the potential need for additional investigations or adjustment of current practices. It also draws attention to the lack of sufficient reporting of cancer in pregnancy, which, considering its rarity, greatly influences how patients are managed.

Siddiqui, Naila; Park, Won-Ho Edward

2014-01-01

435

Disseminated Kaposi's sarcoma without cutaneous involvement  

PubMed Central

Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a low-grade vascular tumor caused by infection with human herpesvirus 8. Prior to the AIDS epidemic, KS was rare in the United States. With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy, KS has become far less common, now occurring at a rate of about 6 cases per million people each year. It is still seen most commonly in those infected with HIV, and cutaneous manifestations represent the most common presentation. In this case, we describe a patient with disseminated AIDS-associated KS lacking cutaneous manifestations. PMID:24381399

Shepard, Benjamin; Tompkins, Dustin; Baker, Damon

2014-01-01

436

A passive submicrosecond time dissemination system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A submicrosecond time dissemination system was developed. The system is composed of an experimental transit improvement satellite (TRIAD), TRANET Satellite Tracking System, and special satellite signal receivers each tied to separate cesium clocks. The 400 MHz signal from the satellite is phase modulated plus or minus 45 deg by a pseudo-random noise (PRN) digital code with a bit rate of 5/3 MHz. Evaluation of this system has shown that satellite oscillator frequency instabilities are the major source of error. Experiments indicate that Global time transfers can be made with errors less than 100 nanoseconds.

Taylor, R. J.

1974-01-01

437

Mechanisms of disseminated cancer cell dormancy: an awakening field  

PubMed Central

Metastases arise from residual disseminated tumour cells (DTCs). This can happen years after primary tumour treatment because residual tumour cells can enter dormancy and evade therapies. As the biology of minimal residual disease seems to diverge from that of proliferative lesions, understanding the underpinnings of this new cancer biology is key to prevent metastasis. Analysis of approximately 7 years of literature reveals a growing focus on tumour and normal stem cell quiescence, extracellular and stromal microenvironments, autophagy and epigenetics as mechanisms that dictate tumour cell dormancy. In this Review, we attempt to integrate this information and highlight both the weaknesses and the strengths in the field to provide a framework to understand and target this crucial step in cancer progression. PMID:25118602

Sosa, María Soledad; Bragado, Paloma; Aguirre-Ghiso, Julio A.

2014-01-01

438

School of Information Studies Information Science & Technology (IST) Major  

E-print Network

School of Information Studies Information Science & Technology (IST) Major We are all living in an information-oriented digital society in which, and dissemination of information. With a wide breadth of technological knowledge about

Saldin, Dilano

439

The Impact of eBusiness and the Information Society on ‘STRATEGY’ and ‘STRATEGIC PLANNING’: An Assessment of New Concepts and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current era of Information, Communication and Media Technologies (ICMT) has ushered in the era of eBusiness and the Information Society where traditional managerial paradigms are challenged and new business models are sought. One central area of managerial discourse is STRATEGY. Based upon a pilot study with leading European managers, consultants and academics, we offer a structured perspective on what

Claudia Loebbecke; Jonathan Wareham

2003-01-01

440

Strategies for Information Retrieval and Virtual Teaming to Mitigate Risk on NASA's Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Following the loss of NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia in 2003, it was determined that problems in the agency's organization created an environment that led to the accident. One component of the proposed solution resulted in the formation of the NASA Engineering Network (NEN), a suite of information retrieval and knowledge sharing tools. This paper describes the implementation of this set of search, portal, content management, and semantic technologies, including a unique meta search capability for data from distributed engineering resources. NEN's communities of practice are formed along engineering disciplines where users leverage their knowledge and best practices to collaborate and take informal learning back to their personal jobs and embed it into the procedures of the agency. These results offer insight into using traditional engineering disciplines for virtual teaming and problem solving.

Topousis, Daria; Williams, Gregory; Murphy, Keri

2007-01-01

441

Anger, frustration, and helplessness after service failure: coping strategies and effective informational support  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the crucial role of helplessness in explaining idiosyncratic coping responses to anger and frustration after service\\u000a failure (a). Moreover, we examine the mitigating effect of informational support (i.e., explanations) on these emotions (b).\\u000a With respect to (a), it is argued that the coincidence of anger (frustration) and high levels of helplessness enhances vindictive\\u000a nWOM (support-seeking nWOM), whereas the

Katja Gelbrich

2010-01-01

442

Requirements relating to radon in the International Basic Safety Standards: information, measurement and national strategies.  

PubMed

The fifth edition of the International Basic Safety Standards (BSS) has recently been established as Part 3 of the General Safety Requirements of the IAEA Safety Standards Series. The BSS applies to all exposure situations and to all categories of exposure. As such, the BSS addresses both occupational exposure due to radon in workplaces and public exposure due to radon in dwellings. In workplaces, exposure due to radon is treated either as a planned exposure situation or as an existing exposure situation, depending on the circumstances. With regard to exposure due to radon in dwellings, the BSS requires that general information on radon, including information on health risks and the synergy with smoking, be made available to the public and other interested parties. Countries are also required to determine whether an action plan for controlling exposure due to radon indoors is necessary, and, if so, to establish and implement such an action plan. Guidance material, covering the establishment of reference levels, national and regional radon surveys, identification of radon prone areas, building codes for new buildings, corrective actions for existing buildings, information campaigns and programme evaluation and effectiveness is currently being developed. PMID:23295581

Colgan, P A; Boal, T; Czarwinski, R

2013-03-01

443

Influence of Icing Information on Pilot Strategies for Operating in Icing Conditions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The influence of potential remoteice-deteetion system features on pilot decision making was investigated through a Web-based experiment. Display features including a graphical plan view depiction of icing severity, vertical view depiction, single and multiple icing Severity levels as well as sensor range were varied in a part-task simulation experiment. Using information from each display, pilots were presented with a set of four flight scenarios and probed on their routing decisions and comfort level with those decisions. The experiment also included a subjective display preference evaluation. Results show that all of the displays improved pilot decision making over existing text-based icing information. The three-dimensional displays that included vertical depiction of icing conditions were found to support improved decision making. Range was not found to be a strong factor in the experiment; however, the minimum range tested was 25 n miles, which may be in excess of current technical capabilities. The depiction of the severity of icing conditions was not found to be as important as accurate information on the location of icing conditions.

Vigeant-Langlois, Laurence; Hansman, R. John, Jr.

2003-01-01

444

Municipal Emergency Management System: a strategy towards information and managing resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Azores archipelago is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, on a complex geological setting where the North American, Eurasian and African plates meet. Throughout its history the geological and meteorological hazards have been the most significant and had cause thousands of deaths and extensive damages. To prepare and mitigate the impact of catastrophic events there are emergency plans to guide the authorities and to instruct the population. However, a key point on the effectiveness of any emergency plan is the efficiency on getting the relevant information from the existing plans and conveying quality information to the operational teams and to the population. To address this issue the Municipal Emergency Management System was designed as a modular software with a core database and two different applications; one back-office to input and manage data and one front-end to query the database. The database is installed in a server and the system runs over an Intranet or the Internet, allowing its management and query to be done anywhere. The information on the system comprises two sets of data: (a) static data, regarding guidelines from the official Municipal Emergency Plan and a broad characterization of the county that does not need to be updated frequently (geography, geomorphology, climatology and the main hazards to consider) and (b) dynamic information, concerning data that requires regular updating such as available resources, administrative officials, pertinent private organisations etc.. All dynamic data in the core database is organised in three layers: (1) administrative organisations with geographical expression (such as province or district), (2) entities with capability to provide aid on provisions, accommodations, health, infrastructures, construction, transportation and security (public services, non-governmental organisations, enterprises or individual persons) and (3) operative information (applicable laws, tasks of each operative structure of the emergency plan) All entities are indexed to a geographic region, corresponding to an administrative organisation, and all the resources available on the county are indexed to an entity and ultimately to one identified person. The back-office operations are performed through a web browser. In order to ensure the quality of the data, the system requires the operator to register with a valid login and keeps a record of every operation performed by each registered user. The frontend also runs over a web browser and is the key vector towards an efficient communication with the operative teams and the general public. Its menu structure was designed to provide direct answers to the main questions raised on emergency situations, such as where dislodged population will be accommodate? How to transport them? How to provide provisions? Who has the provisions? How to contact the pertinent persons? The front-end, however, has two distinct access levels. The general public access level allows browsing through the structure of the emergency plan the identification of the public officials involved in the plan and their respective roles, and to get logistic information regarding meeting points, resources available, etc... The unlimited access is restricted to authorized personnel with a valid login and grants the access to report forms to be used during the emergency situations as well as information considered confidential such as providers of the available resources and their contacts. The outcome of the Municipal Emergency Management System is a light structure, accessible from anywhere and managed at municipal level, but with the potential to develop a network of emergency management nodes that can work cooperatively since each county can provide the surrounding counties with access to its database.

Pacheco, J.

2009-04-01

445

Participants' perceptions of a knowledge-brokering strategy to facilitate evidence-informed policy-making in Fiji  

PubMed Central

Background Evidence-informed policy-making (EIPM) is optimal when evidence-producers (researchers) and policy developers work collaboratively to ensure the production and use of the best available evidence. This paper examined participants’ perceptions of knowledge-brokering strategies used in the TROPIC (Translational Research in Obesity Prevention in Communities) project to facilitate the use of obesity-related evidence in policy development in Fiji. Method Knowledge-brokers delivered a 12-18 month programme comprising workshops targeting EIPM skills and practical support for developing evidence-informed policy briefs to reduce obesity. The programme was tailored to each of the six participating organizations. Knowledge-brokering strategies included negotiating topics that were aligned to the goals of individual organizations, monitoring and evaluating time-management skills, accommodating other organizational and individual priorities, delivering practical sessions on use of appropriate research tools and supporting individual writing of policy briefs. Two qualitative methods were used to examine individuals’ perceptions of skills obtained, opportunities afforded by the TROPIC project, facilitators and inhibiters to planned policy brief development and suggestions for improved programme delivery. Forty-nine participants completed an electronic word table and then participated in a semi-structured interview. An independent interviewer conducted structured interviews with a high-ranking officer in each organization to examine their perceptions of TROPIC engagement strategies. Data were analyzed descriptively and thematically, with the first author and another experienced qualitative researcher analyzing data sets separately, and then combining analyses. Results Many participants believed that they had increased their skills in acquiring, assessing, adapting and applying evidence, writing policy briefs and presenting evidence-based arguments to higher levels. Many participants preferred one-to-one meetings to group activities to ensure early resolution of developing issues and to refine policy briefs. Perceived barriers to EIPM were lack of knowledge about data sources, inadequate time to develop evidence-informed briefs, and insufficient resources for accessing and managing evidence. Conclusion An innovative knowledge-brokering approach utilizing skill development and mentorship facilitated individual EIPM skills and policy brief development. The TROPIC model could stimulate evidence-based policy action relating to obesity prevention and other policy areas in other Pacific countries and elsewhere. PMID:23919672

2013-01-01

446

A spatially informative optic flow model of bee colony with saccadic flight strategy for global optimization.  

PubMed

This paper presents a novel search metaheuristic inspired from the physical interpretation of the optic flow of information in honeybees about the spatial surroundings that help them orient themselves and navigate through search space while foraging. The interpreted behavior combined with the minimal foraging is simulated by the artificial bee colony algorithm to develop a robust search technique that exhibits elevated performance in multidimensional objective space. Through detailed experimental study and rigorous analysis, we highlight the statistical superiority enjoyed by our algorithm over a wide variety of functions as compared to some highly competitive state-of-the-art methods. PMID:25222729

Das, Swagatam; Biswas, Subhodip; Panigrahi, Bijaya K; Kundu, Souvik; Basu, Debabrota

2014-10-01

447

Renegotiating the Peer Review Process: Disseminating Observational Results in an Age of Instant Access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science and technology impact nearly every aspect of life in the developed world today. It is not surprising then, that events in science and technology make news. On the flip side, the scientific community is increasingly exhorted to make their research relevant, as well as to communicate their results to the broader public. On another front, a combination of forces, including the rise of advanced computing and telecommunications technologies, has dramatically increased the amount of scientific data and information that are available to the public. With increasing frequency, some types of observationally derived data are available more or less immediately upon creation. Given the nature of the news process, if the science community is to affect how the public interprets newly available information, they must be ready to explain interesting results as soon as the data become available. Yet, the science community expects that results will be published in the peer-reviewed literature prior to wide dissemination. The publication and peer review process takes time, even in this age of electronic access. Thus, the norms of science and the need for timely communication with the public are often in conflict. There may be areas of scientific work where resolving this inherent conflict is unimportant. However, in any arena where public interest in these data or their interpretation is large, resolution of the conflict is necessary if the special knowledge and skills of the science community are to play a role in the formation of public opinion or policy. The science community is only now beginning to address this fundamental conflict. This paper examines a newsworthy case from the recent past where the conflict between immediacy and the scientific process is clear in order to illuminate one resolution strategy currently in use within a portion of the science community a process akin to the normal literature review process.

Duerr, R.

2006-12-01

448

Ancient Clam Gardens Increased Shellfish Production: Adaptive Strategies from the Past Can Inform Food Security Today  

PubMed Central

Maintaining food production while sustaining productive ecosystems is among the central challenges of our time, yet, it has been for millennia. Ancient clam gardens, intertidal rock-walled terraces constructed by humans during the late Holocene, are thought to have improved the growing conditions for clams. We tested this hypothesis by comparing the beach slope, intertidal height, and biomass and density of bivalves at replicate clam garden and non-walled clam beaches in British Columbia, Canada. We also quantified the variation in growth and survival rates of littleneck clams (Leukoma staminea) we experimentally transplanted across these two beach types. We found that clam gardens had significantly shallower slopes than non-walled beaches and greater densities of L. staminea and Saxidomus giganteus, particularly at smaller size classes. Overall, clam gardens contained 4 times as many butter clams and over twice as many littleneck clams relative to non-walled beaches. As predicted, this relationship varied as a function of intertidal height, whereby clam density and biomass tended to be greater in clam gardens compared to non-walled beaches at relatively higher intertidal heights. Transplanted juvenile L. staminea grew 1.7 times faster and smaller size classes were more likely to survive in clam gardens than non-walled beaches, specifically at the top and bottom of beaches. Consequently, we provide strong evidence that ancient clam gardens likely increased clam productivity by altering the slope of soft-sediment beaches, expanding optimal intertidal clam habitat, thereby enhancing growing conditions for clams. These results reveal how ancient shellfish aquaculture practices may have supported food security strategies in the past and provide insight into tools for the conservation, management, and governance of intertidal seascapes today. PMID:24618748

Groesbeck, Amy S.; Rowell, Kirsten; Lepofsky, Dana; Salomon, Anne K.

2014-01-01

449

Ancient clam gardens increased shellfish production: adaptive strategies from the past can inform food security today.  

PubMed

Maintaining food production while sustaining productive ecosystems is among the central challenges of our time, yet, it has been for millennia. Ancient clam gardens, intertidal rock-walled terraces constructed by humans during the late Holocene, are thought to have improved the growing conditions for clams. We tested this hypothesis by comparing the beach slope, intertidal height, and biomass and density of bivalves at replicate clam garden and non-walled clam beaches in British Columbia, Canada. We also quantified the variation in growth and survival rates of littleneck clams (Leukoma staminea) we experimentally transplanted across these two beach types. We found that clam gardens had significantly shallower slopes than non-walled beaches and greater densities of L. staminea and Saxidomus giganteus, particularly at smaller size classes. Overall, clam gardens contained 4 times as many butter clams and over twice as many littleneck clams relative to non-walled beaches. As predicted, this relationship varied as a function of intertidal height, whereby clam density and biomass tended to be greater in clam gardens compared to non-walled beaches at relatively higher intertidal heights. Transplanted juvenile L. staminea grew 1.7 times faster and smaller size classes were more likely to survive in clam gardens than non-walled beaches, specifically at the top and bottom of beaches. Consequently, we provide strong evidence that ancient clam gardens likely increased clam productivity by altering the slope of soft-sediment beaches, expanding optimal intertidal clam habitat, thereby enhancing growing conditions for clams. These results reveal how ancient shellfish aquaculture practices may have supported food security strategies in the past and provide insight into tools for the conservation, management, and governance of intertidal seascapes today. PMID:24618748

Groesbeck, Amy S; Rowell, Kirsten; Lepofsky, Dana; Salomon, Anne K

2014-01-01

450

Modelling Sensory Limitation: The Role of Tree Selection, Memory and Information Transfer in Bats' Roost Searching Strategies  

PubMed Central

Sensory limitation plays an important role in the evolution of animal behaviour. Animals have to find objects of interest (e.g. food, shelters, predators). When sensory abilities are strongly limited, animals adjust their behaviour to maximize chances for success. Bats are nocturnal, live in complex environments, are capable of flight and must confront numerous perceptual challenges (e.g. limited sensory range, interfering clutter echoes). This makes them an excellent model for studying the role of compensating behaviours to decrease costs of finding resources. Cavity roosting bats are especially interesting because the availability of tree cavities is often limited, and their quality is vital for bats during the breeding season. From a bat’s sensory point of view, cavities are difficult to detect and finding them requires time and energy. However, tree cavities are also long lasting, allowing information transfer among conspecifics. Here, we use a simple simulation model to explore the benefits of tree selection, memory and eavesdropping (compensation behaviours) to searches for tree cavities by bats with short and long perception range. Our model suggests that memory and correct discrimination of tree suitability are the basic strategies decreasing the cost of roost finding, whereas perceptual range plays a minor role in this process. Additionally, eavesdropping constitutes a buffer that reduces the costs of finding new resources (such as roosts), especially when they occur in low density. We conclude that natural selection may promote different strategies of roost finding in relation to habitat conditions and cognitive skills of animals. PMID:23028666

Ruczynski, Ireneusz; Barton, Kamil A.

2012-01-01

451

Clinical handover as an interactive event: informational and interactional communication strategies in effective shift-change handovers.  

PubMed

Clinical handover -- the transfer between clinicians of responsibility and accountability for patients and their care (AMA 2006) -- is a pivotal and high-risk communicative event in hospital practice. Studies focusing on critical incidents, mortality, risk and patient harm in hospitals have highlighted ineffective communication -- including incomplete and unstructured clinical handovers -- as a major contributing factor (NSW Health 2005; ACSQHC 2010). In Australia, as internationally, Health Departments and hospital management have responded by introducing standardised handover communication protocols. This paper problematises one such protocol - the ISBAR tool - and argues that the narrow understanding of communication on which such protocols are based may seriously constrain their ability to shape effective handovers. Based on analysis of audio-recorded shift-change clinical handovers between medical staff we argue that handover communication must be conceptualised as inherently interactive and that attempts to describe, model and teach handover practice must recognise both informational and interactive communication strategies. By comparing the communicative performance of participants in authentic handover events we identify communication strategies that are more and less likely to lead to an effective handover and demonstrate the importance of focusing close up on communication to improve the quality and safety of healthcare interactions. PMID:24575676

Eggins, Suzanne; Slade, Diana

2012-01-01

452

Evolutionary path of UHF secondary imagery dissemination systems (SIDS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary imagery dissemination (SID) is the process of post-collection and electronic dissemination of digital imagery and associated data. SID systems (SIDS) provide exploited, non-original, annotated, anonymous-source imagery from intelligence, fusion, and dissemination centers. Ultra-high frequency (UHF) operation penetrates double-canopy jungle or heavy rain to provide imagery from an INTEL center to highly-mobile tactical users. The evolutionary path of UHF SIDS

Ernie Franke

2000-01-01

453

Organizations disseminating health messages: the roles of organizational identification and HITs.  

PubMed

Research into the dissemination of health information now includes more focus on how various organizations (e.g., beauty shops, schools, workplaces, and churches) and health information technologies (HITs) reach and affect audiences. One relational feature of organizations is identification--the feeling of belongingness. Our study explores how it influences audiences, especially in combination with HITs such as e-mail, websites, and social media. We use social identity theory to predict how organizational identification and social media might function in health communication. Using a 3?×?2 experimental design, we find that people's identification with a message source mediates the effect of social media on outcomes. These findings improve our understanding of when organizations might be most helpful for disseminating health information. PMID:23829343

Stephens, Keri K; Goins, Elizabeth S; Dailey, Stephanie L

2014-01-01

454

Disseminated tuberculosis in an AIDS/HIV-infected patient.  

PubMed

Disseminated tuberculosis (TB) is commonly seen in HIV-infected patients and is major cause of death in these patients. In HIV-infected patients disseminated tuberculosis is frequently undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. In this article we report a case of disseminated TB in a HIV-infected patient with a relatively long history of fever and other complaints without definite diagnosis. Diagnosis of disseminated TB was confirmed by bone marrow biopsy and polymerase chain reaction analysis (PCR) of the ascitic fluid. With anti-TB treatment signs and symptoms improved. PMID:24026999

Abdi-Liae, Zahra; Moradnejad, Pardis; Alijani, Neda; Khazraiyan, Hamide; Mansoori, Sedigeh; Mohammadi, Naseh

2013-01-01

455

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis associated with acute rheumatic fever.  

PubMed

An 8-year-old boy developed acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, 2 weeks after an episode of acute rheumatic fever. The disease was succesfully treated with high-dose methylprednisolone. A wide range of neurologic disorders is associated with streptococcal disease. Poststreptococcal acute disseminated encephalomyelitis was previously reported in children, but to our knowledge, this is the first case report of rheumatic fever complicated by acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. This case supports the hypothesis that rheumatic fever, a late complication of streptococcal infections, may be associated with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. PMID:21310343

Sayg?, Semra; Olgaç, Asburçe; Üçkarde?, Yasemin; Alehan, Füsun; Varan, Birgül

2011-03-01

456

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis after live rubella vaccination.  

PubMed

We report here a case involving a 14-year-old boy who developed acute disseminated encephalomyelitis following live rubella vaccination. The patient became febrile and began to experience nuchal pain 16 days after the immunization. By 22 days after immunization, he experienced difficulty in walking. By 24 days, he had developed tetraparesis with retention of urine, and total sensory loss below the Th1 dermatomal level. He was febrile at this point and showed nuchal rigidity and Lhermitte's sign. Cerebrospinal fluid examination revealed elevated cell counts, protein level, and myelin basic protein. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging detected high intensity lesions in the bilateral cerebral white matter and cervical spinal cord. Following the administration of intravenous corticosteroids, the patient's clinical symptoms improved rapidly. PMID:10838115

Tsuru, T; Mizuguchi, M; Ohkubo, Y; Itonaga, N; Momoi, M Y

2000-06-01

457

Disseminated visceral coccidiosis in sandhill cranes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Disseminated visceral coccidiosis (DVC) caused by Eimeria spp was first recognized as a disease entity in captive sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis) and whooping cranes (G americana) at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Because cranes produced at the Center are reintroduced to the wild to augment wild populations, studies involving both experimentally induced and natural infections were initiated to determine the potential or actual occurrence of DVC in wild Gruidae. Nine sandhill cranes dosed orally with eimerian oocysts of wild origin developed lesions characteristic of DVC. Extraintestinal granulomas associated with developing schizonts were found in 6 birds. Similar lesions were observed in wild sandhill cranes throughout parts of midwestern United States, Alaska, and Saskatchewan. These studies revealed the wide geographic distribution and the high frequency of occurrence of DVC in wild cranes.

Carpenter, J.W.; Novilla, M.N.; Fayer, R.; Iverson, G.C.

1984-01-01

458

Disseminated visceral coccidiosis in sandhill cranes.  

PubMed

Disseminated visceral coccidiosis (DVC) caused by Eimeria spp was first recognized as a disease entity in captive sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis) and whooping cranes (G americana) at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Because cranes produced at the Center are reintroduced to the wild to augment wild populations, studies involving both experimentally induced and natural infections were initiated to determine the potential or actual occurrence of DVC in wild Gruidae. Nine sandhill cranes dosed orally with eimerian oocysts of wild origin developed lesions characteristic of DVC. Extraintestinal granulomas associated with developing schizonts were found in 6 birds. Similar lesions were observed in wild sandhill cranes throughout parts of midwestern United States, Alaska, and Saskatchewan. These studies revealed the wide geographic distribution and the high frequency of occurrence of DVC in wild cranes. PMID:6511579

Carpenter, J W; Novilla, M N; Fayer, R; Iverson, G C

1984-12-01

459

Impact of the ALLHAT/JNC7 Dissemination Project on Thiazide-type Diuretic Use  

PubMed Central

Background Strategies are needed to improve the translation of clinical trial results into practice. We assessed the impact of the ALLHAT/JNC7 Dissemination Project’s academic detailing component on thiazide-type diuretic prescribing (ALLHAT indicates Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial: JNC7 indicates the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure). Methods We used two national databases available from IMS Health: a physician survey of medications reported for hypertension and a pharmacy dispensing database on antihypertensive medications. At a county level, we correlated medication data with Dissemination Project intensity. Practices before the Dissemination Project in 2004 were compared to those after its completion in 2007. We also examined 2000–2008 national trends. Results Academic detailing reached 18,524 physicians in 1698 venues via 147 investigator-educators. We noted an association between ALLHAT/JNC7 academic detailing activities and increased prescribing of thiazide-type diuretics. Physician survey data showed that the percentage of hypertension visits where the physician recorded where a thiazide-type diuretic was noted increased the most in counties with the greatest activities (8.6%, from 37.9% to 46.5%) compared to counties with moderate-level (2% change), low-level (?2%) and no activities (2%, p for trend <0.05). Pharmacy dispensing data showed that thiazide-type diuretic prescribing increased by 8.7% in counties with Dissemination Project activities compared to 3.9% in those without activities (p<0.001). Nationally, thiazide-type diuretic use did not increase between 2004 and 2008. Conclusions The ALLHAT/JNC7 Dissemination Project was associated with a small effect on thiazide-type diuretic use consistent with its small dose and the potential of external factors to diminish its impact. Academic detailing may increase physicians’ implementation of clinical trial results thereby making prescribing more consistent with evidence. PMID:20498411

Stafford, Randall S; Bartholomew, L Kay; Cushman, William C; Cutler, Jeffrey A; Davis, Barry R; Dawson, Glenna; Einhorn, Paula T; Furberg, Curt D; Piller, Linda B; Pressel, Sara L; Whelton, Paul K

2010-01-01

460

A new approach in climate modelling strategies to provide climate information based on user needs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the framework of CLIMRUN EU FP7 project a new approach to plan the climate modelling activities has been proposed and applied. In particular a bottom-up approach mainly driven by the specific needs of end users has been adopted. In this perspective, the new climate information for Mediterranean region provided from new modelling activity have been tailored on the users needs raised in several Stakeholders Workshops organized at the early stages of the project. At the beginning of the project, several different options of possible developments for new modelling tools have been proposed by climate researchers involved in the project. Taking carefully into account the ranking of priorities suggested by end-users, the climate researchers could set a more focused research line fitting the expectations of stakeholders. New modelling tools to improve the representation and projection of surface wind speed, surface solar radiation, trend of extreme events, temperature of lakes and islands of Mediterranean have been successfully developed. Here we report some of the major outcomes from the new tools and more in general some recommendations about the future role of climate researchers in developing climate services.The results here reported could be useful also in the othe ongoing experiences about climate services such as projects SPECS, EUPORIAS...

Dell'Aquila, Alessandro; Somot, Samuel; Dubois, Clotilde; Nabat, Pierre; Coppola, Erika

2014-05-01

461

Developmental timing of signals affects information content: song complexity but not consistency reflects innate immune strategy in male song sparrows.  

PubMed

In short-lived animals, innate immunity is an important component of fitness and quality. Although receivers cannot generally assess a signaler's immune function directly, sexually selected displays such as birdsong may reflect past or current condition. We investigated the degree to which song complexity and consistency, thought to reflect condition over different developmental timescales, predict multiple aspects of innate immunity in male song sparrows (Melospiza melodia). We also investigated correlations among immune measures. Noncellular components of innate immunity (soluble blood proteins including natural antibody and other protective proteins) were negatively related to cellular (phagocytosis-based) components, suggesting trade-offs within innate immune protection. This pattern underscores the risk of inferring "immunocompetence" from a single metric. Song complexity, a permanent trait in this species, was positively related to noncellular relative to cellular immune components and may thus provide information as to the singer's innate immune strategy (investment in noncellular vs. cellular activity). Such a relationship could arise through shared timing of song learning and antibody repertoire development in early life. Singing consistency, thought to track variation in current condition and measured at both whole-song and syllable scales, did not predict any immune measures. Developmental timing of signals thus appears to influence their information content. PMID:24739198

Kubli, Shawn P; MacDougall-Shackleton, Elizabeth A

2014-05-01

462

Itinerant vending of medicines inside buses in Nigeria: vending strategies, dominant themes and medicine-related information provided  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine vending strategies and marketing themes employed by itinerant bus vendors, and assess the accuracy and completeness of information provided on medicines being sold in an urban setting in Nigeria. Methods Cross-sectional study and content analysis of itinerant vending of medicines inside buses recorded with a mobile telephone on purposively selected routes in a mega city with an estimated 18 million residents in southwestern Nigeria over a 2-month period. Two coders independently assessed 192 vending episodes by 56 vendors for 147 OTC and prescription medicines. Inter-rater reliability (Gwet AC1 =0.924; p<0.0001). Results Fourteen thousands and four hundred potential consumers encountered 192 recorded episodes of vending of medicines inside 192 buses within the study periods. Forty-four (78•5%) of the 56 vendors were females in the 30-45 years age bracket, were mostly (75%) attired in the local ‘Iro and Buba’ Ankara fabric and showed laminated identity cards (97.5%) issued by the local association for ‘marketers’ of medicines inside buses, markets, and motor parks. Of the 14400 consumers encountered inside buses during the study period, between 6.7% and 48.3% purchased the medicines promoted. Prayers against death from road traffic accidents and diseases of physical and / or meta-physical origins were the most frequently used (76•8%) ice-breaking opening statement / strategy to gain consumers’ attention. Hematinics, multi-vitamins, simple analgesic, NSAIDs and corticosteroids were the most frequently vended medicines. Consumers’ enquiries were related to dosing for children (51.8%), elderly (28.6%), and pregnancy (52.7%); and contra-indications during pregnancy (8.9%). Factual medicines information such as dose, frequency, potential side effects and contra-indications were not provided in majority of vending episodes. Conclusions Itinerant vending of medicines and the use of misleading and melodramatic themes to secure high consumer patronage appear considerable in Nigeria. Majority of the vendors did not correctly respond to consumers medicine-related enquiries, or provide detailed factual medicines information to guide appropriate use. These misleading promotional activities could potentially encourage inappropriate purchase and probable self-medication by consumers. PMID:24367466

Yusuff, Kazeem B.; Wassi Sanni, Abd'

463

Open access mandate threatens dissemination of scientific information.  

PubMed

The public good is served when researchers can most easily access current, high-quality research through articles that have undergone rigorous peer review and quality control processes. The free market has allowed researchers excellent access to quality research articles through the investment of societies and commercial publishers in these processes for publication of scholarly journals in a wide variety of specialty and subspecialty areas. Government legislation mandating "open access" to copyrighted articles through a government Web site could result in a reduction of financially sustainable peer-reviewed journals and a reduction in the overall quality of articles available as publishers, societies, and authors are forced to hand over their intellectual property or restrict the peer review process because of lost sales opportunities. The public is best served when the work of researchers advances science to its benefit. If researchers have fewer current resources, diminished quality control, or access to fewer trusted peer-reviewed journals, the public could ultimately lose more than it could gain from open access legislation. PMID:18347464

McMullan, Erin

2008-03-01

464

Non-Bayesian Social Learning and Information Dissemination  

E-print Network

.g., fashion trends, consumption tastes, ... In most cases, there is no underlying "true state". In some networks? e.g., fashion trends, consumption tastes, ... In most cases, there is no underlying "true state

Shapiro, Benjamin

465

21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...device involved, which was published in a scientific or medical journal. In addition, the article must be about a clinical...such reports could help guide a physician in his/her medical practice. (2) A reprint or copy of an article...

2012-04-01

466

21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...device involved, which was published in a scientific or medical journal. In addition, the article must be about a clinical...such reports could help guide a physician in his/her medical practice. (2) A reprint or copy of an article...

2013-04-01

467

On-farm biogas systems information dissemination project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to study how farmers manage anaerobic digesters on three New York State dairy farms. Two years of data collected were from both plug-flow and tower-type mixed-flow digesters at regular intervals over a three-year period revealed that the financial return from the energy produced by a biogass system in the late 1980`s is marginal. Little difficulty was experienced in operation of the anaerobic digester; however, several farms utilizing congeneration to convert biogas into electricity and heat suffered from not applying maintenance to the congenerator in a timely fashion.

Campbell, J.K.; Koelsch, R.K.; Guest, R.W.; Fabian, E.

1997-03-01

468

21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.  

...device involved, which was published in a scientific or medical journal. In addition, the article must be about a clinical investigation...For purposes of this part: (1) FDA will find that all journal articles and reference publications (as those terms are...

2014-04-01

469

Methodologies for Improving Flight Project Information Capture, Storage, and Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will discuss the drawbacks and risks of the current documentation paradigm, how Document QuickStart improves on that process and ultimately how this stream-lined approach will reduce risk and costs to the next generation of Flight Projects at JPL

Equils, Douglas J.

2011-01-01

470

Faster information dissemination in dynamic networks via network coding  

E-print Network

We use network coding to improve the speed of distributed computation in the dynamic network model of Kuhn, Lynch and Oshman [STOC '10]. In this model an adversary adaptively chooses a new network topology in every round, ...

Haeupler, Bernhard

471

Carnegie Mellon University Economies of Scale in Information Dissemination  

E-print Network

A dissertation submitted to the Graduate School in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering and Public Policy by John Chung-I Chuang Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University, is gratefully acknowledged

Chuang, John C.-I.

472

48 CFR 5.101 - Methods of disseminating information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...newspapers, trade journals, magazines, or other mass communication media for publication without cost to the Government...Placing paid advertisements in newspapers or other communications media, subject to the following limitations:...

2010-10-01

473

Long-Term Instrumentation, Information, and Control Systems (II&C) Modernization Future Vision and Strategy  

SciTech Connect

Life extension beyond 60 years for the U.S operating nuclear fleet requires that instrumentation and control (I&C) systems be upgraded to address aging and reliability concerns. It is impractical for the legacy systems based on 1970’s vintage technology operate over this extended time period. Indeed, utilities have successfully engaged in such replacements when dictated by these operational concerns. However, the replacements have been approached in a like-for-like manner, meaning that they do not take advantage of the inherent capabilities of digital technology to improve business functions. And so, the improvement in I&C system performance has not translated to bottom-line performance improvement for the fleet. Therefore, wide-scale modernization of the legacy I&C systems could prove to be cost-prohibitive unless the technology is implemented in a manner to enable significant business innovation as a means of off-setting the cost of upgrades. A Future Vision of a transformed nuclear plant operating model based on an integrated digital environment has been developed as part of the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control (II&C) research pathway, under the Light Water Reactor (LWR) Sustainability Program. This is a research and development program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), performed in close collaboration with the nuclear utility industry, to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. DOE’s program focus is on longer-term and higher-risk/reward research that contributes to the national policy objectives of energy security and environmental security . The Advanced II&C research pathway is being conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The Future Vision is based on a digital architecture that encompasses all aspects of plant operations and support, integrating plant systems, plant work processes, and plant workers in a seamless digital environment to enhance nuclear safety, increase productivity, and improve overall plant performance. The long-term goal is to transform the operating model of the nuclear power plants (NPP)s from one that is highly reliant on a large staff performing mostly manual activities to an operating model based on highly integrated technology with a smaller staff. This digital transformation is critical to addressing an array of issues facing the plants, including aging of legacy analog systems, potential shortage of technical workers, ever-increasing expectations for nuclear safety improvement, and relentless pressure to reduce cost. The Future Vision is based on research is being conducted in the following major areas of plant function: 1. Highly integrated control rooms 2. Highly automated plant 3. Integrated operations 4. Human performance improvement for field workers 5. Outage safety and efficiency. Pilot projects will be conducted in each of these areas as the means for industry to collectively integrate these new technologies into nuclear plant work activities. The pilot projects introduce new digital technologies into the nuclear plant operating environment at host operating plants to demonstrate and validate them for production usage. In turn, the pilot project technologies serve as the stepping stones to the eventual seamless digital environment as described in the Future Vision.

Kenneth Thomas; Bruce Hallbert

2013-02-01

474

Quality, value, accountability and information as transforming strategies for patient-centred care: a commentary from an international perspective.  

PubMed

The reviewed paper describes how one of the largest integrated healthcare systems in the US has successfully transformed itself to provide 21st-century healthcare. Even though there are other examples of successful transformation of public health services, it is difficult for large, bureaucratic systems to change, and a substantial number of ministries of health or social security health systems in the developing world are run under the assumption that change is very difficult if not impossible to achieve. The VA has significant differences and more financial resources compared to most of the developing world public health institutions; but still, change is often not only about money, but also about strategic direction, commitment and leadership. On the basis of the main strategies used by the VA in its transformation process, the author makes some comments and suggestions for improving developing world healthcare organizations through lessons learned from the VA management strategies. Demand-driven or patient-centred systems are key for success and for the buy-in and involvement of the population and users of healthcare services, but this is easier said than done, especially in developing healthcare systems with immature information systems, access mechanisms and knowledge management. There is a belief in general that large bureaucratic organizations have a hard time adapting and transforming in response to the rapid change of society, technology and most importantly the needs and expectations of their users. The article describes how the largest integrated healthcare organization in the United States, the Veterans Health Administration, has undertaken changes that have turned it into a modern, well-managed organization that outperforms its competitors and has significantly increased its efficiency and users' satisfaction. PMID:16088310

Ramirez, Bernardo; Nazaretian, Mihran

2005-01-01

475

Computer-Assisted Learning and the Dissemination of Organisational Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computer-assisted learning package has been developed in an attempt to tackle some of the difficulties of disseminating research findings into organisations mdash such as people's preconceptions and any limitations in perspective that might arise from their roles. It is based on a learning model of dissemination in which existing knowledge was seen as instrumental in facilitating or impeding the

J S Busby; M Gilbert; M Lemon; D Cordell

2001-01-01

476

Dual Dissemination: Writing for Colleagues and the Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although journals remain the major means of disseminating research knowledge within psychology, other types of outlets are needed to reach policymakers and the public. A model of dual dissemination is proposed in which psychologists continue to write articles for research journals and write different, complementary articles for popular outlets.

Sommer, Robert

2006-01-01

477

Dissemination of Innovations in Higher Education: A Change Theory Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that the major reason for the at least partial failure in the dissemination of teaching innovations lies in the uni-directional approach used and the reliance on dissemination through education, both of which are in conflict with well established change theory, which is outlined. The paper demonstrates how the Enterprise in Higher…

Elton, Lewis

2003-01-01

478

Cultivating Change: Disseminating Innovation in Higher Education Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective dissemination is crucial if innovation and development in teaching and learning in higher education are to lead to sustainable changes in practice. In 2003, King used an agricultural metaphor to challenge innovators to understand the purposes behind their dissemination aims. Similar to the way that seed can be spread, one could choose to…

Gannaway, Deanne; Hinton, Tilly; Berry, Bianca; Moore, Kaitlin

2013-01-01

479

Disseminated aspergillosis in a dog due to Aspergillus alabamensis  

PubMed Central

Disseminated aspergillosis is uncommon in dogs and often associated with Aspergillus terreus. A case of disseminated disease in an English springer spaniel is reported from which Aspergillus alabamensis was recovered by culture and identified by molecular means suggesting a potential role for this agent as a primary pathogen of dogs. PMID:24371723

Burrough, Eric; Deitz, Krysta; Kinyon, Joann; Andreasen, Claire; Frana, Timothy; Sutton, Deanna; Thompson, Elizabeth; Fu, Jianmin; Wickes, Brian; Hostetter, Jesse

2012-01-01

480

13 CFR 113.140 - Dissemination of policy.  

...2014-01-01 false Dissemination of policy. 113.140 Section 113.140 Business...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF POLICIES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND SBA ADMINISTRATOR...Introduction § 113.140 Dissemination of policy. (a) Notification of...

2014-01-01

481

13 CFR 113.140 - Dissemination of policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Dissemination of policy. 113.140 Section 113.140 Business...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF POLICIES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND SBA ADMINISTRATOR...Introduction § 113.140 Dissemination of policy. (a) Notification of...

2011-01-01

482

13 CFR 113.140 - Dissemination of policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Dissemination of policy. 113.140 Section 113.140 Business...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF POLICIES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND SBA ADMINISTRATOR...Introduction § 113.140 Dissemination of policy. (a) Notification of...

2012-01-01

483

13 CFR 113.140 - Dissemination of policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Dissemination of policy. 113.140 Section 113.140 Business...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF POLICIES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND SBA ADMINISTRATOR...Introduction § 113.140 Dissemination of policy. (a) Notification of...

2010-01-01

484

13 CFR 113.140 - Dissemination of policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Dissemination of policy. 113.140 Section 113.140 Business...ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF POLICIES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND SBA ADMINISTRATOR...Introduction § 113.140 Dissemination of policy. (a) Notification of...

2013-01-01

485

Do Haphazard Reviews Provide Sound Directions for Dissemination Efforts?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on The dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments: A review of current efforts by Kathryn R. McHugh and David H. Barlow. The lead article in the February-March issue by McHugh and Barlow (2010) emphasized the need for "dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments." The…

Gambrill, Eileen; Littell, Julia H.

2010-01-01

486

Late Dissemination of Fourth Ventricle Ependymoma: A Case Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dissemination of benign ependymoma is relatively rare, especially when a local tumor is under control. The majority of the failures take place within a few years after surgery. However, we experienced a case in which multiple spinal cord dissemination was found 13 years after resection of the fourth ventricle ependymoma without a local failure. A 38-year-old man had undergone a