Sample records for information dissemination strategies

  1. Disease Containment Strategies based on Mobility and Information Dissemination.

    PubMed

    Lima, A; De Domenico, M; Pejovic, V; Musolesi, M

    2015-01-01

    Human mobility and social structure are at the basis of disease spreading. Disease containment strategies are usually devised from coarse-grained assumptions about human mobility. Cellular networks data, however, provides finer-grained information, not only about how people move, but also about how they communicate. In this paper we analyze the behavior of a large number of individuals in Ivory Coast using cellular network data. We model mobility and communication between individuals by means of an interconnected multiplex structure where each node represents the population in a geographic area (i.e., a sous-préfecture, a third-level administrative region). We present a model that describes how diseases circulate around the country as people move between regions. We extend the model with a concurrent process of relevant information spreading. This process corresponds to people disseminating disease prevention information, e.g., hygiene practices, vaccination campaign notices and other, within their social network. Thus, this process interferes with the epidemic. We then evaluate how restricting the mobility or using preventive information spreading process affects the epidemic. We find that restricting mobility does not delay the occurrence of an endemic state and that an information campaign might be an effective countermeasure. PMID:26035297

  2. Disease Containment Strategies based on Mobility and Information Dissemination

    PubMed Central

    Lima, A.; De Domenico, M.; Pejovic, V.; Musolesi, M.

    2015-01-01

    Human mobility and social structure are at the basis of disease spreading. Disease containment strategies are usually devised from coarse-grained assumptions about human mobility. Cellular networks data, however, provides finer-grained information, not only about how people move, but also about how they communicate. In this paper we analyze the behavior of a large number of individuals in Ivory Coast using cellular network data. We model mobility and communication between individuals by means of an interconnected multiplex structure where each node represents the population in a geographic area (i.e., a sous-préfecture, a third-level administrative region). We present a model that describes how diseases circulate around the country as people move between regions. We extend the model with a concurrent process of relevant information spreading. This process corresponds to people disseminating disease prevention information, e.g., hygiene practices, vaccination campaign notices and other, within their social network. Thus, this process interferes with the epidemic. We then evaluate how restricting the mobility or using preventive information spreading process affects the epidemic. We find that restricting mobility does not delay the occurrence of an endemic state and that an information campaign might be an effective countermeasure. PMID:26035297

  3. Information Dissemination

    Cancer.gov

    The Health Program Extension Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-538) Neither the House nor the Senate made comments regarding information dissemination. The Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-158) Neither the House nor the Senate made comments regarding information dissemination.

  4. Effective Information Dissemination and Recruitment Strategies for Magnet Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, Phale D.; Maynard, Larry O.

    This paper reviews research on pupil recruitment strategies and admission policies for magnet programs and their impact on equal access. It is also based, in part, on a survey of 56 magnet school administrators whose programs are funded by the Magnet Schools Assistance Program. The paper is divided into six main sections. Section 1 discusses…

  5. Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oo, Htun Naing; Sutheerawatthana, Pitch; Minato, Takayuki

    2010-01-01

    This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among…

  6. Large-Scale Cooperative Dissemination of Governmental Information in Emergency — An Experiment and Future Strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horiba, Katsuhiro; Okawa, Keiko; Murai, Jun

    On the 11th of March, 2011, a massive earthquake hit the northeast region of Japan. The government of Japan needed to publish information regarding the earthquake and its influences. However, their capacity of Web services overflowed. They called the industry and academia for help for providing stable information service to the people. Industry and academia formed a team to answer the call and named themselves the “EQ project”. This paper describes how the EQ Project was organized and operated, and gives analyses of the statistics. An academic organization took the lead in the EQ Project. Ten organizations which consisted of commercial IT industry and academics specialized in Internet technology, were participating in the EQ Project and they structured the three clusters based on their relationships and technological approach. In WIDE Cluster, one of three clusters in the structure of EQ, the peak number of file accesses per day was over 90 thousand, the mobile browsers was 3.4% and foreign languages (translated contents) were referred 35%. We have also discussed the future information distribution strategies in emergency situation based on the experiences of the EQ Project, and proposed nine suggestions to the MEXT as a future strategy.

  7. A Strategy for Disseminating Elementary Science Curricula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gullickson, Arlen R.; Horn, Jerry G.

    Presented is a description of a program developed to provide better dissemination of curricula, particularly for elementary school teachers and principals. The strategy described, Tactics for Applying Programs in Education (TAPE), an NSF-funded project, involved extensive use of mass media channels for creating awareness of science curricula…

  8. Knowledge Management and Global Information Dissemination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Umunadi, Ejiwoke Kennedy

    2014-01-01

    The paper looked at knowledge management and global information dissemination. Knowledge is a very powerful tool for survival, growth and development. It can be seen as the information, understanding and skills that you gain through education or experience. The paper was addressed under the following sub-headings: Knowledge management knowledge…

  9. Disseminating active map information to mobile hosts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. N. Schilit; M. M. Theimer

    1994-01-01

    The article describes an active map service (AMS) that supports context-aware computing by providing clients with information about located-objects and how those objects change over time. The authors focus on the communication issues of disseminating information from an active map server to its clients, and in particular, address how to deal with various overload situations that can occur. Simple unicast

  10. Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis

    PubMed Central

    Morris, Edward K.

    1985-01-01

    Behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities, but have done little to correct these views. The present paper has two purposes in this regard. First, the paper describes some of the conditions that have given rise to these concerns. Second, and more important, the paper surveys various procedures and programs for the dissemination of public information that may correct inaccuracies and misconceptions. Special consideration is also given to issues involving (a) the assessment of the problem, (b) the content and means of dissemination, (c) the possible contributions of behavior analysts to current misunderstandings, and (d) relationships between behavior analysts and the media. The dissemination of accurate and unbiased information constitutes an important new undertaking for behavior analysis. The future of the field may depend in part on such activity. PMID:22478623

  11. Groupware: Improving Group Communication and Information Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saka, Thomas; Shiigi, Clyde

    1996-01-01

    Faced with increased public expectations and decreased funding, the Hawaii Department of Education chose Lotus Notes groupware technology as an efficient means to support statewide collaboration and information dissemination among 4,200 users in 231 schools. Although initially resistant, respondents to a year-end evaluation of the project in one…

  12. An innovative communication model to disseminate information.

    PubMed

    Crawford, Cecelia L; Johnson, Joyce A; Valdez, Regina M

    2011-01-01

    Nurse leaders need effective communication models to articulate the functions, processes, and activities of health care organizations. This article describes the development and use of a communication model to streamline the dissemination of information to the targeted organizational entities that need it. The model's step-by-step process enhances the broadcasting of information needed to ensure patient safety and promote quality patient care by capturing the components integral to the communication process. PMID:21135708

  13. Toward intelligent spatial information dissemination based on user profile model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Yu; Zhu, Xinyan; Zhang, Chunlin; He, Jie

    2008-12-01

    Spatial information dissemination is a necessary step to make use of spatial information for which is a bridge between the acquirement and the application of spatial information. However, conventional methods of spatial information dissemination cannot cater to users in that not only users' personalized requirements cannot be satisfied, but initiative dissemination service cannot be provided. In this paper, the idea of intelligent spatial information dissemination (ISD) is proposed. Combining the ideas of personalized information retrieval, information filtering and recommender systems, the ISD system employs user profiles and query conditions to provide two implement ways of spatial information disseminations, namely "pull" and "push". Then, the three layers architecture of intelligent spatial information dissemination system based on user profile model is given, and the procedure of data in the ISD system is introduced. Also, the user profile is presented including user profile model and user profile management. Finally, the prototype system of intelligent spatial information dissemination is presented.

  14. Geothermal Energy Information Dissemination and Outreach

    SciTech Connect

    Dr. John W. Lund

    2005-12-31

    The objective of this project is to continue on-going work by the Geo-Heat Center to develop and disseminate information; provide educational materials; develop short courses and workshops; maintain a comprehensive geothermal resource database; respond to inquiries from the public, industry and government; provide engineering, economic and environmental information and analysis on geothermal technology to potential users and developers; and provide information on market opportunities for geothermal development. These efforts are directed towards increasing the utilization of geothermal energy in the US and developing countries, by means of electric power generation and direct-use.

  15. Efficient Filtering of XML Documents for Selective Dissemination of Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mehmet Altinel; Michael J. Franklin

    2000-01-01

    Information Dissemination applications are gaining in- creasing popularity due to dramatic improvements in communications bandwidth and ubiquity. The sheer volume of data available necessitates the use of selec- tive approaches to dissemination in order to avoid over- whelming users with unnecessary information. Existing mechanisms for selective dissemination typically rely on simple keyword matching or \\

  16. Educational Information Dissemination in the USSR: An Informal Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coulson, John M.

    The chief educational information unit in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the focus for dissemination of information to various agencies is the Department of Educational Information of the Scientific Research Institute of General Sciences, Academy of Pedagogical Sciences (APS). The department services the whole of the USSR by…

  17. Digital libraries and society: New perspectives on information dissemination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian H. Witten

    Digital libraries are large, organized collections of information objects. Well-designed digital library software has the potential to enable non-specialist people to conceive, assemble, build, and disseminate new information collections. This has great social import because, by democratizing information dissemination, it provides a counterbalance to disturbing commercialization initiatives in the information and entertainment industries. This article reviews trends in today's information

  18. Dissemination strategy for immunizing scale-free networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stauffer, Alexandre O.; Barbosa, Valmir C.

    2006-11-01

    We consider the problem of distributing a vaccine for immunizing a scale-free network against a given virus or worm. We introduce a method, based on vaccine dissemination, that seems to reflect more accurately what is expected to occur in real-world networks. Also, since the dissemination is performed using only local information, the method can be easily employed in practice. Using a random-graph framework, we analyze our method both mathematically and by means of simulations. We demonstrate its efficacy regarding the trade-off between the expected number of nodes that receive the vaccine and the network’s resulting vulnerability to develop an epidemic as the virus or worm attempts to infect one of its nodes. For some scenarios, the method is seen to render the network practically invulnerable to attacks while requiring only a small fraction of the nodes to receive the vaccine.

  19. A spread willingness computing-based information dissemination model.

    PubMed

    Huang, Haojing; Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui

    2014-01-01

    This paper constructs a kind of spread willingness computing based on information dissemination model for social network. The model takes into account the impact of node degree and dissemination mechanism, combined with the complex network theory and dynamics of infectious diseases, and further establishes the dynamical evolution equations. Equations characterize the evolutionary relationship between different types of nodes with time. The spread willingness computing contains three factors which have impact on user's spread behavior: strength of the relationship between the nodes, views identity, and frequency of contact. Simulation results show that different degrees of nodes show the same trend in the network, and even if the degree of node is very small, there is likelihood of a large area of information dissemination. The weaker the relationship between nodes, the higher probability of views selection and the higher the frequency of contact with information so that information spreads rapidly and leads to a wide range of dissemination. As the dissemination probability and immune probability change, the speed of information dissemination is also changing accordingly. The studies meet social networking features and can help to master the behavior of users and understand and analyze characteristics of information dissemination in social network. PMID:25110738

  20. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION...Regulation for dissemination of classified material. The originating official may...

  1. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION...Regulation for dissemination of classified material. The originating official may...

  2. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION...Regulation for dissemination of classified material. The originating official may...

  3. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION...Regulation for dissemination of classified material. The originating official may...

  4. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION...Regulation for dissemination of classified material. The originating official may...

  5. Persistent Content-based Information Dissemination in Hybrid Vehicular Networks

    E-print Network

    Mascolo, Cecilia

    Persistent Content-based Information Dissemination in Hybrid Vehicular Networks Ilias Leontiadisa.leontiadis@cs.ucl.ac.uk (Ilias Leontiadis), paolo.costa@microsoft.com (Paolo Costa), cecilia.mascolo@cl.cam.ac.uk (Cecilia

  6. Modeling epidemic information dissemination on mobile devices with finite buffers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christoph Lindemann; Oliver P. Waldhorst

    2005-01-01

    Epidemic algorithms have recently been proposed as an effective solution for disseminating information in large-scale peer-to-peer (P2P) systems and in mobile ad hoc networks (MANET). In this paper, we present a modeling approach for steady-state analysis of epidemic dissemination of information in MANET. As major contribution, the introduced approach explicitly represents the spread of multiple data items, finite buffer capacity

  7. Inter-vehicle communications: assessing information dissemination under safety constraints

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Torrent-Moreno

    2007-01-01

    The main goal of inter-vehicle communication technologies is to provide each vehicle with the required information about its surrounding in order to assist the driver avoiding potential dangers. The required information level, or awareness, can be achieved by the exchange of periodic status messages (beacons) among neighboring vehicles together with the quick dissemination of information about potential hazards. In previous

  8. Blending research and practice: an evolving dissemination strategy in substance abuse.

    PubMed

    Michel, Mary Ellen; Pintello, Denise A; Subramaniam, Geetha

    2013-01-01

    Substance abuse is a leading cause of death and disability throughout the world. The mission of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is to lead the United States in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction. This charge has two critical components: (a) strategic support of research across a broad range of disciplines and (b) rapid, effective dissemination of research results that can improve prevention and treatment efforts, with potential to inform policy. The NIDA Clinical Trials Network and the Blending Initiative are critical elements of this strategy, and the social work field is poised to use these resources to expand its role in the dissemination and implementation of NIDA's mission. PMID:23731421

  9. An Efficient Event Matching Algorithm for Information Dissemination on Grid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammad Mehedi Hassan; Bo-Hyun Seok; Ki-Moon Choi; Eui-Nam Huh

    2008-01-01

    In ubiquitous environment, wireless sensor networks are increasingly being deployed to collect information from real world. For sharing huge amount of sensor data efficiently with diverse users, an information dissemination (INFOD) system is very important. In our previous work, we proposed an INFOD system integrated with sensor network and data grid as a publish\\/subscribe system for a ubiquitous-healthcare application. To

  10. Epidemic Dissemination of Presence Information in Mobile Instant Messaging Systems

    E-print Network

    Lindemann, Christoph

    Epidemic Dissemination of Presence Information in Mobile Instant Messaging Systems Christoph an approach for exchanging presence information between users of an instant messaging system in a mobile ad simulator ns-2. Building upon the results, we present the architecture of a mobile instant messaging system

  11. Ames Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) System Operating Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Lloyd E.; Wegner, Waldo W.

    The Ames Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) System is an attempt to efficiently place rapidly increasing amounts of information into the hands of scientists and engineers who can exploit it. It is a computerized current awareness system designed to increase researchers' literature searching capabilities by bringing to their attention…

  12. Brief Announcement: Information Dissemination on Multiple Channels

    E-print Network

    of the al- gorithm is linear in the number of information items and thus asymptotically optimal with respect.4 [Distributed Systems] General Terms Algorithms, Theory 1. INTRODUCTION In this paper we study a basic reporters) is given a distinct piece of information. The Information Exchange Problem consists of disseminat

  13. SIFT - a Tool for Wide-Area Information Dissemination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tak W. Yan; Hector Garcia-molina

    1995-01-01

    The dissemination model is becoming increasinglyimportant in wide-area information system. In thismodel, the user subscribes to an information disseminationservice by submitting profiles that describehis interests. He then passively receives new, filteredinformation. The Stanford Information FilteringTool (SIFT) is a tool to help provide such service.It supports full-text filtering using well-knowninformation retrieval models. The SIFT filtering engineimplements novel indexing...

  14. Statement of Principles and Strategies for the Equitable Dissemination of Medical Technologies

    E-print Network

    Statement of Principles and Strategies for the Equitable Dissemination of Medical Technologies-related inventions of academic researchers by developing and disseminating these technologies for the public good. We risk takers to invest in our early stage technology in the hope of possible downstream commercial

  15. The Assumptions, Strategies and Results of a Linkage Model for Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Wellesley T., Jr.; Guttinger, Hellen I.

    The P. K. Yonge Laboratory School has adapted Havelock's linkage model which explains the knowledge, dissemination and utilization process of dissemination, and implementation of innovations. This study sought to describe the assumptions and strategies of the Laboratory School's Linkage Model and to evaluate the results of the model by focusing on…

  16. A Linkage Model for Dissemination: Assumptions, Strategies and Results. Research Monograph No. 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Wellesley T., Jr.; Guttinger, Hellen I.

    This study describes the assumptions and strategies of the Laboratory School's Linkage Model and evaluates the results of the utilization of the model by focusing on the dissemination of a developmental individualized reading program over a three-year period. The dissemination process resulted in a large number of schools implementing the program,…

  17. A Proprietary Information Dissemination and Education System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rollins, Timothy J.; Golden, Kerry

    1994-01-01

    In focus group interviews, 14 Pennsylvania Crop Management Association technicians identified their primary role as information providers and consultants, felt the need for better communication skills and training as nonformal adult educators, considered human resources the most valuable information sources, and believed farmers participated only…

  18. Information Dissemination and Technology Transfer in Telecommunications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roderer, Nancy K.; King, Donald W.

    Using a model of scientific and technical information transfer as a framework, this document focuses on four types of activities: the generation or authorship of telecommunications information and its publication, distribution, and use. Different forms of publication are considered in each functional area, though primary emphasis is on the…

  19. Research of information dissemination model based on Network Centric Warfare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong Yao; Zhi Li

    2010-01-01

    Network Centric Warfare (NCW) concept has been developed over ten years, but some misunderstanding is still in existence. The Command and Control, Battle Management, Communications (C2BMC) system of U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense System is one of the cases which employs NCW concept successfully. In this paper, the successful reason was found by the work of information dissemination modeling and then

  20. Information Storage, Reduction and Dissemination in Sensor Networks: A Survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Q. Le-Trung; A. Taherkordi; T. Skeie; H. N. Pham; P. E. Engelstad

    2009-01-01

    There is a large body of work addressing information storage, reduction, and dissemination in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), but there seems to be no contribution giving a survey of this literature. In this paper we take on such a challenge and review previous WSN research and further presents a framework that we use for classifying the different proposed approaches and

  1. Proceedings: panel on information dissemination for wind energy

    SciTech Connect

    Weis, P. [ed.

    1980-04-01

    This meeting was called as part of a multi-year planning effort. Groups involved in the production and/or dissemination of information on wind energy were invited to describe their current activities and their perceptions of the needs of the 80's in this area. Participants exchanged copies of materials they distribute regularly and discussed frequently asked questions.

  2. Tsunami event information dissemination through Tweb

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burger, E. F.; Kamb, L.; Gately, K.

    2014-12-01

    Tweb is a novel approach for a tsunami modeling and forecasting application. It is completely web-based and it's supporting components can be hosted in the cloud. This application core functionality, designed and built into Tweb from the initial release, is the capability to selectively share tsunami event information for authorized users. These users, typically state-level Emergency Managers, can log into Tweb to view tsunami event products in a web browser. As a tsunami event evolves the forecasted information could change. Tweb allows a privileged user (tsunami forecaster) to change what the information view-only user can see for a specific event. This "live document" capability is important as it allows users, dependant on tsunami wave arrival and inundation information for their emergency management role, to always see the latest information the tsunami experts have the most confidence in. Components of this application are now being considered for use by NOAA's Tsunami Warning Centers (TWCs). This presentation will illustrate the integration with the SIFT and Tweb Forecasting tool, show how this information is rendered in the View-Only client, and demonstrate how the user will always see the latest iteration of the shared tsunami event information.

  3. A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

  4. Adaptive protocols for information dissemination in wireless sensor networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman; Joanna Kulik; Hari Balakrishnan

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we present a family of adaptive protocols, called SPIN (Sensor Protocols for Information via Negotia- tion), that efficiently disseminates information among sen- sors in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network. Nodes running a SPIN communication protocol name their data us- ing high-level data descriptors, called meta-data. They use meta-data negotiations to eliminate the transmission of re- dundant data

  5. Dissemination of information to General Practitioners: a questionnaire survey

    PubMed Central

    Moorjani, Padma; Fortnum, Heather

    2004-01-01

    Background Early identification of permanent hearing impairment in children enables appropriate intervention which reduces adverse developmental outcomes. The UK Government has introduced a universal hearing screening programme for neonates. All involved health professionals, including those in Primary Care, need to be aware of the service to enable them to offer appropriate support to their patients. A programme of information dissemination within Primary Care was therefore undertaken. The aim of the current study was to determine the extent to which the information had reached General Practitioners (GPs), the GPs' preferred mode of dissemination and the sources from which GPs accessed information Methods Postal questionnaire survey of a randomised sample of 1000 GPs in the Phase I pilot sites of the Neonatal Hearing Screening Programme (NHSP). Results Responses were received from 54.2% of the sample. Just under 50% of those responding had received information, 62.2% of respondents said they would like to receive more information and the preferred methods of dissemination were the written word and web-sites to allow access when needed. Few GPs perceive themselves to have a core role in the delivery of the NHSP and thence a need for knowledge in the subject. Many are keen to delegate detail to a third party, usually the health visitor, who has traditionally had responsibility for hearing screening. Conclusions Dissemination efforts for service developments of relevance to GPs should concentrate on advertising a website address via brief but memorable posted literature and/or articles in relevant journals and magazines. The website should be GP-friendly, and have a dedicated area for GPs including information of specific relevance and downloadable information sheets. PMID:15571626

  6. 47 CFR 64.707 - Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services. 64.707 Section...Companies; Telephone Operator Services § 64.707 Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services. Providers of...

  7. Consultation and Dissemination Research Strategy: 1974. Technical Report #22.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tharp, Roland G.; Gallimore, Ronald

    This brief report outlines several of the Kamehameha Early Education Program (KEEP) dissemination formats completed, underway, or planned. One of these, the workshop format, was tested in a training program of several days conducted at KEEP. The workshop was designed to teach teachers to use social reinforcement techniques to increase student…

  8. Topology for efficient information dissemination in ad-hoc networking

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jennings, E.; Okino, C. M.

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we explore the information dissemination problem in ad-hoc wirless networks. First, we analyze the probability of successful broadcast, assuming: the nodes are uniformly distributed, the available area has a lower bould relative to the total number of nodes, and there is zero knowledge of the overall topology of the network. By showing that the probability of such events is small, we are motivated to extract good graph topologies to minimize the overall transmissions. Three algorithms are used to generate topologies of the network with guaranteed connectivity. These are the minimum radius graph, the relative neighborhood graph and the minimum spanning tree. Our simulation shows that the relative neighborhood graph has certain good graph properties, which makes it suitable for efficient information dissemination.

  9. A strategy for electronic dissemination of NASA Langley technical publications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roper, Donna G.; Mccaskill, Mary K.; Holland, Scott D.; Walsh, Joanne L.; Nelson, Michael L.; Adkins, Susan L.; Ambur, Manjula Y.; Campbell, Bryan A.

    1994-01-01

    To demonstrate NASA Langley Research Center's relevance and to transfer technology to external customers in a timely and efficient manner, Langley has formed a working group to study and recommend a course of action for the electronic dissemination of technical reports (EDTR). The working group identified electronic report requirements (e.g., accessibility, file format, search requirements) of customers in U.S. industry through numerous site visits and personal contacts. Internal surveys were also used to determine commonalities in document preparation methods. From these surveys, a set of requirements for an electronic dissemination system was developed. Two candidate systems were identified and evaluated against the set of requirements: the Full-Text Electronic Documents System (FEDS), which is a full-text retrieval system based on the commercial document management package Interleaf, and the Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS), which is a Langley-developed system based on the publicly available World Wide Web (WWW) software system. Factors that led to the selection of LTRS as the vehicle for electronic dissemination included searching and viewing capability, current system operability, and client software availability for multiple platforms at no cost to industry. This report includes the survey results, evaluations, a description of the LTRS architecture, recommended policy statement, and suggestions for future implementations.

  10. Disseminating Drug Prescribing Information: The Cox-2 Inhibitors Withdrawals

    PubMed Central

    Strayer, Scott M.; Slawson, David C.; Shaughnessy, Allen F.

    2006-01-01

    This case study examined the recent withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the timeliness of updates in commonly used information sources used by healthcare professionals. The method included assembling a purposive sample of 15 drug reference and warning systems that were then systematically monitored for several months after the withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the time to update this information. These information sources were classified and described qualitatively. A time to diffusion curve was plotted and the average number of days to report the drug withdrawal or update reference databases was calculated. Only 2 of 15 information systems reported the drug withdrawal on the actual date of the FDA announcement. Institutional electronic textbooks took an average of 109.8 days (±14 days) to report the withdrawal. In addition, one pharma-sponsored dissemination source (Peerview Press) had not updated their information as of this publication. PMID:16622163

  11. Study of Disseminating Landslide Early Warning Information in Malaysia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koay, Swee Peng; Lateh, Habibah; Tien Tay, Lea; Ahamd, Jamilah; Chan, Huah Yong; Sakai, Naoki; Jamaludin, Suhaimi

    2015-04-01

    In Malaysia, rain induced landslides are occurring more often than before. The Malaysian Government allocates millions of Malaysian Ringgit for slope monitoring and slope failure remedial measures in the budget every year. In rural areas, local authorities also play a major role in monitoring the slope to prevent casualty by giving information to the residents who are staying near to the slopes. However, there are thousands of slopes which are classified as high risk slopes in Malaysia. Implementing site monitoring system in these slopes to monitor the movement of the soil in the slopes, predicting the occurrence of slopes failure and establishing early warning system are too costly and almost impossible. In our study, we propose Accumulated Rainfall vs. Rainfall Intensity prediction method to predict the slope failure by referring to the predicted rainfall data from radar and the rain volume from rain gauges. The critical line which determines if the slope is in danger, is generated by simulator with well-surveyed the soil property in the slope and compared with historical data. By establishing such predicting system, the slope failure warning information can be obtained and disseminated to the surroundings via SMS, internet and siren. However, establishing the early warning dissemination system is not enough in disaster prevention, educating school children and the community by giving knowledge on landslides, such as landslide's definition, how and why does the slope failure happen and when will it fail, to raise the risk awareness on landslides will reduce landslides casualty, especially in rural area. Moreover, showing video on the risk and symptom of landslides in school will also help the school children gaining the knowledge of landslides. Generating hazard map and landslides historical data provides further information on the occurrence of the slope failure. In future, further study on fine tuning of landslides prediction method, applying IT technology to educate school children and disseminate warning information will assist the government authorities to reduce landslide casualty by disseminating prompt slope failure warning and improving the community's awareness of disaster prevention.

  12. Efficient composition and dissemination of link state information for proactive routing through energy cost based beta-skeletons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vladimir Shurbanov

    2004-01-01

    Proactive routing protocols are especially appropriate for mission-critical systems, including those employed for military purposes. However, such protocols are prone to excessive exchange of connectivity information (CI) in mobile ad hoc networks, potentially monopolizing communication channels and throttling application traffic. There are two factors that determine the traffic load created by CI exchange - its content and the dissemination strategy.

  13. TRAFFICINFO: AN ALGORITHM FOR VANET DISSEMINATION OF REAL-TIME TRAFFIC INFORMATION1

    E-print Network

    Wolfson, Ouri E.

    -1- TRAFFICINFO: AN ALGORITHM FOR VANET DISSEMINATION OF REAL- TIME TRAFFIC INFORMATION1 Ting Zhong-hoc networks (VANET's). Using this method, each vehicle makes local decision on when to disseminate reports. We compare by simulations the proposed algorithm with Grassroots, an existing VANET dissemination

  14. Health care communication networks: disseminating employee information for hospital security.

    PubMed

    Sumner, Jennifer; Liberman, Aaron; Rotarius, Timothy; Wan, Thomas T H; Eaglin, Ronald

    2009-01-01

    Health care in the United States is a system that, organizationally speaking, is fragmented. Each hospital facility is independently operated and is responsible for the hiring of its own employees. Corrupt individuals can take advantage of this fragmentation and move from hospital to hospital, gaining employment while hiding previous employment history. However, the need to exchange pertinent information regarding employees will become necessary as hospitals seek to fill positions throughout their organizations. One way to promote this information exchange is to develop trusted information sharing networks among hospital units. This study examined the problems surrounding organizational information sharing and the cultural factors necessary to enhance the exchange of employee information. Surveys were disseminated to 2,603 hospital chief executive officers and chief information officers throughout the nation. A sample of 154 respondents provided data into their current hiring practices and on their willingness to engage in the sharing of employee information. Findings indicated that, although fear of defamation and privacy violations do hinder the exchange of information between hospitals during the hiring process, by increasing external trust, linking the sharing process with the organizational goals of the hospital, and developing a "sharing culture" among hospitals, the exchange of employee information could be enhanced. PMID:19910705

  15. The importance of information dissemination in the prevention of occupational cancer.

    PubMed Central

    Fine, L J

    1995-01-01

    It is assumed that prevention of occupational cancer depends upon dissemination of research findings, resulting in changes in work processes and reduction of occupational exposures to carcinogens. Examples of successes and failures of information dissemination are found in the results of research on silicosis. Better assessment of the effectiveness of information dissemination is needed, along with greater understanding of the barriers to implementation of the information by workers and management and improved hazard surveillance. PMID:8741786

  16. Dissemination of Educational Information Through the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesley, Robert E.

    Intended to present information about the activities and use of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) system that are available through the ERIC clearinghouses, this report briefly describes the variety of activities, methods, and services that are employed in the dissemination of the system's educational information. After a short…

  17. A Model for a New Approach to Federal Government Information Access and Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turock, Betty J.; Henderson, Carol C.

    1996-01-01

    In July 1995, the Forum on Government Information Policy, representatives of several library associations, developed the "Model for New Universe of Federal Information Access and Dissemination." The model proposes to: (1) reconceptualize federal information access and dissemination responsibilities; and (2) reinvent the Federal Depository Library…

  18. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

  19. Evaluation of the Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) Program for the Aerospace Materials Information Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheffler, F. L.; March, J. F.

    The Aerospace Materials Information Center (AMIC) Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) program was evaluated by an interview technique after one year of operation. The data base for the SDI consists of the periodic document index records input to the AMIC system. The users are 63 engineers, scientists, and technical administrators at the…

  20. Generation and dissemination of traffic information in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mitko Shopov; Evtim Peytchev

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we propose CIGDP (Counter-flow Initiated Generation and Dissemination Protocol), a protocol for dissemination of traffic information in urban traffic networks using a distributed computers architecture approach. Vehicles detect, generate and propagate information without relaying on any existing infrastructure. We focus on the following type of traffic events: jams, slippery section, rainy and dark areas. Because the vehicles,

  1. 22 CFR 96.91 - Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. 96.91 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. (a)...

  2. 22 CFR 96.91 - Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. 96.91 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. (a)...

  3. 22 CFR 96.91 - Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. 96.91 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. (a)...

  4. 22 CFR 96.91 - Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. 96.91 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. (a)...

  5. 22 CFR 96.91 - Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. 96.91 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. (a)...

  6. Inferring strategies for disseminating physical activity policies, programs, and practices from the successes of tobacco control.

    PubMed

    Green, Lawrence W; Orleans, C Tracy; Ottoson, Judith M; Cameron, Roy; Pierce, John P; Bettinghaus, Erwin P

    2006-10-01

    Efforts at reducing tobacco use in the United States and Canada over the last half century have been amazingly successful. This article examines those efforts in order to identify policies, programs, and practices found useful in tobacco control that might be usefully disseminated to world populations to improve rates of physical activity. Tobacco-control activities began with efforts to influence the individual smoker through public education and counter-advertising. Increasing awareness of the addictive properties of tobacco, industry efforts to manipulate those properties, and to target youth with aggressive advertising, fueled public outrage that supported additional policy changes to include community interventions, legal actions, and restraints against the tobacco industry. The article first examines ways to view the process of transferring knowledge from one enterprise (reducing tobacco consumption) to another (increasing physical activity). Several theories of knowledge generalization and dissemination are explored: transfer, knowledge utilization, application, diffusion, and implementation. The second section identifies the dissemination of tobacco control by means of brief health behavior-change interventions for smoking cessation that have been successfully integrated into primary clinical care. The question of whether similar strategies can be successfully disseminated to increase physical activity is examined in detail. The article then moves on to look at the success of arguably the most successful program in the world at achieving a reduction in tobacco control-the State of California. Finally, we compare and contrast some of the lessons as they have played out in another national context-Canada. In the concluding section, some lessons are identified that we believe may be successfully utilized in societal attempts to increase physical activity in world populations. PMID:16979471

  7. Ascertaining viability of WiFi based vehicle-to-vehicle network for traffic information dissemination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samir Goel; Tomasz Imielinski; Kaan Ozbay

    2004-01-01

    Traffic congestion has become a part of daily life for most of us. One possible way of preventing congestion from building up is by disseminating traffic information. Today a number of commercial solutions exist for disseminating traffic information (e.g., Traffic.com, Metrocommute, Etak-Traffic). However, these solutions are plagued by prohibitive deployment and maintenance cost that prevents widespread deployment. As an alternative,

  8. Information management for real-time multimedia battlefield information dissemination and processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Newsome, Thomas C., Jr.; Choi, Dupyo; Orr, Michael P.

    1998-08-01

    The warfighter of tomorrow will demand near real time multimedia data access to obtain critical information in rapidly changing battlefield situation. Phase 1 of the Battlefield Awareness and Data Dissemination (BADD) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) developed a near real time multimedia data access capability to provide the warfighter with sensor and command and control data on an integrated display. The system provides both live and historical display of the multimedia products with the ability to rapidly search spatially and temporally using a powerful graphical user interface. A key development for the system is the implementation of a video server that provides rapid access to stored video that is keyed to a map showing the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) flight path and its sensor coverage. The BADD System managed the multimedia information from field sensors and processors and utilized the Global Broadcast System (GBS) to disseminate the data to remote users. The system provides the capability to disseminate battlefield data based on user defined profiles (Smart Push) and by queries for stored products (Warfighter Pull). The research addressed the multimedia information management architecture required to meet these requirements in a near real time battlefield exercise. The BADD system interfaced with the legacy and emerging systems in Task Force (TF) XXI and Division XXI. The research also addressed the user and system issues necessary for successful field operation. The BADD system was successful in TFXXI and improvements were incorporated in Division XXI.

  9. Towards an Information Technology Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewart, R. W.

    1988-01-01

    As new information technology options are made available, office automation systems are being introduced and along with campus networks, and management information service requirements are evolving. Eight common strategies found in 10 American institutions are reported. (Author/MLW)

  10. Connected Kids: Designing Database Software for Web-Based Information Dissemination to Multiple Audiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teresa M. Harrison; Sibel Adali; James P. Zappen

    2004-01-01

    Connected Kids (CK) is a web-accessible database application whose purpose is to disseminate information about activities and resources for youth in Troy, NY (hometown of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) and surrounding Rensselaer County. Our principal partner in the design and implementation of this community information system has been Troy City Government, which has provided cost-sharing, direct support, and leadership in advocating

  11. Ascertaining Viability of WiFi based Vehicle-to-Vehicle Network for Trac Information Dissemination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samir Goel; Tomasz Imielinski; Kaan Ozbay

    Trac congestion has become a part of daily life for most of us. One possible way of preventing congestion from building up is by dis- seminating trac information. Today a number of commercial solutions exist for disseminating trac information (e.g., Trac.com, Metrocommute, Etak- Trac). However, these solutions are plagued by prohibitive deployment and maintenance cost that prevents widespread deployment. As

  12. Best practices in electronic government: Comprehensive electronic information dissemination for science and technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thurman L. Whitson; Lynn Davis

    2001-01-01

    The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) has successfully reinvented the way in which DOE collects, organizes, archives, disseminates, and uses scientific and technical information in the performance of research and development (R&D). Through a suite of innovative Web-based products conceived and developed by the Department’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), information and resources

  13. A Comparison of Nine Strategies for Disseminating a Counseling Program for Re-entry Women. Special Interest Paper No. 18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitayat, Deanna; And Others

    A study examined nine strategies for disseminating "The New Occupational Student: Mature Adult Woman," a counseling program for re-entry women at thirty-nine two-year colleges in New York State. The major purpose was to determine whether there was a particular service or combination of services that was most conducive to the implementation of the…

  14. Epidemic Dissemination of Presence Information in Mobile Instant Messaging Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christoph Lindemann; Oliver P. Waldhorst

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents an approach for exchanging presence information between users of an instant messaging system in a mobile ad hoc network. As major feature, presence information is transferred when mobile users get in direct contact, similar to the spread of an infections disease. By exploiting node mobility, presence information is epidemically distributed throughout the network, effectively overcoming network partitions.

  15. Towards measuring self-perception in disseminating information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nasiroh Omar; S. Z. Z. Abidin

    2010-01-01

    Online information is becoming increasingly important within strategic communication and the use of unlimited social media (the internet). Since the information can be manipulated, it is crucial to measure one's perception to avoid negative perception that may leads to threat. This paper presents two models on representing a general model of self-perception and a self perception measurement model for online

  16. New Directions in Federal Information Policy and Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snowhill, Lucia; Meszaros, Rosemary

    1990-01-01

    Reviews proposed legislation of the 101st Congress and discusses other factors that contribute to the national information policy. Highlights include federal information sources in electronic format; the Paperwork Reduction Act; legislation for the development of a National Research and Education Network (NREN); and the role of the Government…

  17. Disseminating technological information on remote sensing to potential users

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Russell, J. D.; Lindenlaub, J. C.

    1977-01-01

    The Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing has developed materials and programs which range from short tutorial brochures to post-doctoral research programs which may span several years. To organize both the content and the instructional techniques, a matrix of instructional materials has been conceptualized. Each row in the matrix represents a subject area in remote sensing and each column in the matrix represents a different type media or instructional strategy.

  18. Disseminating technological information on remote sensing to potential users

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Russell, J. D.; Lindenlaub, J. C.

    1977-01-01

    The Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing developed materials and programs which range from short tutorial brochures to post-doctoral research programs which may span several years. To organize both the content and the instructional techniques, a matrix of instructional materials was conceptualized. Each row in the matrix represents a subject area in remote sensing and each column in the matrix represents a different type media or instructional strategy.

  19. Broadcast media and the dissemination of weather information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Byrnes, J.

    1973-01-01

    Although television is the public's most preferred source of weather information, it fails to provide weather reports to those groups who seek the information early in the day and during the day. The result is that many people most often use radio as a source of information, yet preferring the medium of television. The public actively seeks weather information from both radio and TV stations, usually seeking information on current conditions and short range forecasts. forecasts. Nearly all broadcast stations surveyed were eager to air severe weather bulletins quickly and often. Interest in Nowcasting was high among radio and TV broadcasters, with a significant portion indicating a willingness to pay something for the service. However, interest among TV stations in increasing the number of daily reports was small.

  20. Phenotypic assortment in wild primate networks: implications for the dissemination of information

    E-print Network

    Carter, Alecia J.; Lee, Alexander E. G.; Marshall, Harry H.; Ticó, Miquel Torrents; Cowlishaw, Guy

    2015-05-13

    ://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org. Phenotypic assortment in wild primate networks: implications for the dissemination of information Alecia J. Carter1, Alexander E. G. Lee2,3,†, Harry H. Marshall4,†, Miquel Torrents Ticó2 and Guy Cowlishaw2 1Large Animal Research Group, Department of Zoology...

  1. Information Gathering And Disseminating Activities of the National Library of Medicine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.

    The National Library of Medicine maintains a computerized analysis and retrieval system and administers various programs for collecting, publishing, disseminating, and exchanging medical health information. A major use of the library's computer is to prepare bibliographies of biomedical subjects requested by medical schools, researchers,…

  2. Information Dissemination in Mobile Nicholas Loulloudes, George Pallis, and Marios D. Dikaiakos

    E-print Network

    Pallis, George

    , the mobile network has become a key component of today's Internet vision [1, 46]. Current mobile networks) and wireless (e.g. WiFi) ser- vices which allow mobile terminals to access Internet and other data services1 Information Dissemination in Mobile CDNs Nicholas Loulloudes, George Pallis, and Marios D

  3. Localized probabilistic and dominating set based algorithm for efficient information dissemination in ad hoc networks

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Localized probabilistic and dominating set based algorithm for efficient information dissemination memorize nodes belonging to a dominating set. 1 Introduction Ad hoc networks are autonomous dynamic net to a dominating set. A dominating node decides to memorize according to a probability. In our proposal, a node

  4. SIDECACHE: Information access, management and dissemination framework for web services

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Many bioinformatics algorithms and data sets are deployed using web services so that the results can be explored via the Internet and easily integrated into other tools and services. These services often include data from other sites that is accessed either dynamically or through file downloads. Developers of these services face several problems because of the dynamic nature of the information from the upstream services. Many publicly available repositories of bioinformatics data frequently update their information. When such an update occurs, the developers of the downstream service may also need to update. For file downloads, this process is typically performed manually followed by web service restart. Requests for information obtained by dynamic access of upstream sources is sometimes subject to rate restrictions. Findings SideCache provides a framework for deploying web services that integrate information extracted from other databases and from web sources that are periodically updated. This situation occurs frequently in biotechnology where new information is being continuously generated and the latest information is important. SideCache provides several types of services including proxy access and rate control, local caching, and automatic web service updating. Conclusions We have used the SideCache framework to automate the deployment and updating of a number of bioinformatics web services and tools that extract information from remote primary sources such as NCBI, NCIBI, and Ensembl. The SideCache framework also has been used to share research results through the use of a SideCache derived web service. PMID:21672219

  5. An In-Depth Analysis of How Elders Seek and Disseminate Health Information

    PubMed Central

    Altizer, Kathryn P.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Quandt, Sara A.; Bell, Ronny A; Arcury, Thomas A.

    2015-01-01

    This study documents older adults’ sources of health information, describes the purposes for health information seeking, and delineates gender and ethnic variation in health information seeking. Sixty-two African American and white adults age 65 and older completed qualitative interviews describing their use of complementary therapies. Interviews identified how individuals obtained and shared health information. Friends, not family, were the dominant source of health information. Participants ranged from active seekers to passive consumers of health information. Information seeking was common for benign symptoms. More women than men discuss health information with others. Friends are the primary source of health information for rural older adults. There is substantial passivity in the pursuit of health information. Identifying health information sources of rural older adults can support the dissemination of information to those who share it with others. PMID:24188253

  6. The endogenous dynamics of financial markets: Interaction and information dissemination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, ChunXia; Hu, Sen; Xia, BingYing

    2012-06-01

    We investigate the process that different interactions between investors will prompt information to propagate along a differentiated path and construct a financial market model. As information spreads, increasingly investors are attracted to participate in trading, then the “herding effect” is magnified gradually, which will induce the topology of market network to change and the price to fluctuate. Especially, under different initial conditions or parameters, the peak and fat-tail property is produced and the obtained statistic values coincide with empirical results: the power-law exponents between the peak value of return probability distribution and the time scales range from 0.579 to 0.747, and the exponents between the accumulation distribution and the return on the tail are close to 3. Besides, the extent of volatility clustering in our produced price series is close to that of S&P 500 and locates between NASDAQ and HSI. All the results obtained here indicate that the continuous variation of the “herding effect” resulting from information propagation among interacting investors may be the origin of stylized facts of price fluctuations.

  7. Dynamics of rumor-like information dissemination in complex networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nekovee, Maziar; Moreno, Yamir; Bianconi, Ginestra

    2005-03-01

    An important dynamic process that takes place in complex networks is the spreading of information via rumor-like mechanisms. In addition to their relevance to propagation of rumors and fads in human society, such mechanism are also the basis of an important class of collective communication protocols in complex computer networks, such as the Internet and the peer-to-peer systems. In this talk we present results of our analytical, numerical and large-scale Monte Carlo simulation studies of this process on several classes of complex networks, including random graphs, scale-free networks, and random and small-world topological graphs. Our studies point out to important differences between the dynamics of rumor spreading and that of virus spreading in such networks, and provide new insights into the complex interplay between the spreading phenomena and network topology.

  8. The Effects of a Data Dissemination Strategy on the Letter Naming and Object Counting Skills of Preschoolers Attending Head Start

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul S. Strand; Sandra Cerna

    2010-01-01

    The present study utilized a quasi-experimental design to investigate the effects of a data dissemination strategy on the\\u000a development of letter naming and object counting skills in preschoolers. The intervention involved the repeated assessment\\u000a of these skills and a framework for how the resulting data were made available to teachers. The framework highlights: (a)\\u000a limiting data collection to performance assessments

  9. Collection and Dissemination of Volcanic Hazard Information for Emergency Managers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mouginis-Mark, P. J.; Horton, K. A.; Garbeil, H.

    2010-12-01

    At the companion AGU special session in 2000, we predicted a significant future increase in the use of volcanic hazard information by emergency managers, such as the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). Improvements in digital elevation models for volcanoes, the understanding of plume eruption dynamics, lava flow emplacement, and dome growth would all contribute to more accurate estimations of the likely damage and area affected. Automated "event detection algorithms" based on remote monitoring sensors, and on more frequent high resolution satellite coverage, were expected to provide quantitative data that would be distributed to the disaster management community via user-interactive web pages tailored to their geographic region of interest and the on-going style of volcanism. This year's activity at Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano highlighted the need for a wide diversity of remote sensing capabilities around the world. It became clear that airline officials and trans-Atlantic flyers required detailed regional information that was often unavailable from the suite of orbital sensors. Contrast this with the wealth of orbital data, from more than a dozen different spacecraft, that was collected daily over the Gulf Oil Spill in mid-2010, and used for near real-time deployment of ships and coastal crews dealing with the event. So what has limited the use of remote sensing data for volcano hazard assessment? There have been some remote sensing successes. The on-going eruption of Halema'uma'u has prompted the development of an array of FLYSPEC SO2 measurement instruments that will be deployed downwind of the vent in order to provide better monitoring and prediction of hazardous conditions for the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This array will provide high resolution, real-time measurement of SO2 flux from the vent during the daylight hours. However, this is a ground-based capability, rather than orbital. One of the inhibitors to the current collection of timely space-based information for volcano hazard monitoring is the lack of sensors tailored to volcanic applications. Agencies such as NASA and ESA have long-term plans for large platforms which serve multiple communities, or propose one-off missions that meet the highest Earth science requirements for climate change research. One solution that might appear in the up-coming decade (2011 - 2020) is the utilization of smaller satellites costing <$20M per launch including the costs of the rocket. Sensors currently being developed that might meet this need include new hyperspectral visible, near-infrared and thermal-infrared imagers that would facilitate more accurate lava flow and dome temperature determinations. Clusters of 3 - 6 similar satellites could also be flown, reducing the site revisit time from weeks (i.e., comparable to Landsat) to about a day or less. We will therefore evaluate the opportunities provided by small satellite missions that may be flown between now and 2020.

  10. Beyond Dissemination in College Science Teaching: An Introduction to Four Core Change Strategies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Andrea Beach

    2010-05-01

    Within the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education community there are repeated calls for the reform of undergraduate teaching. Resulting change efforts often focus on developing and disseminating specific instructional ideas and

  11. Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, S. T.

    1995-01-01

    In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

  12. Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, S. T.

    1993-01-01

    A conference was held at MSFC in May 1992 describing the research achievements of the NASA-wide research and technology programs dealing with advanced oxygen/hydrogen and oxygen/hydrocarbon earth-to-orbit propulsion. The purpose of this conference was to provide a forum for the timely dissemination to the propulsion community of the results emerging from this program with particular emphasis on the transfer of information from the scientific/research to the designer.

  13. Effective coordination and dissemination of published information for prospective students of Texas A&M University 

    E-print Network

    Starr, Jo Ann

    1970-01-01

    important source of college information. Admission blanks, form letters and personal replies also were rated helpful. Other printed matter disseminated by the University, such as brochures, booklets, and mail rs we e ranked fourth in importance as a... of department heads and deans send personal replies in respcnsc to inquiry from prospective freshmen. Recommendations for improvement and coordrnation of the informatron to be dissemrnated to prospectrve freshmen include the proposal of a coordinating office...

  14. Stage 2--Information Seeking Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elsenberg, Michael B.

    2005-01-01

    A brief overview of one Big6 stage by Mike Eisenberg, followed by articles by two exemplary Big6 teachers, Barbara Jansen and Rob Darrow, offering practical uses of the Big6 in elementary and secondary situations is presented. The two-part nature of information seeking strategies that includes brainstorming and choosing is emphasized.

  15. 2009 Brunel University Information Strategy

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    with our guidelines of good computing practice, this Policy will enshrine general principles and practices© 2009 Brunel University Information Strategy Network account policy The purpose of this document due consideration of legal precedent, and having due regard to the practices and experiences of our

  16. 2012 Brunel University Information Strategy

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    practice, this Policy will enshrine general principles and practices of good management. Furthermore© 2012 Brunel University Information Strategy Network account policy The purpose of this document and beyond, taking due consideration of legal precedent, and having due regard to the practices

  17. 2012 Brunel University Information Strategy

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    and facilities: in conjunction with our guidelines of good practice, it will enshrine good management practice© 2012 Brunel University Information Strategy Electronic mail policy The purpose of this document and beyond, taking due consideration of legal precedent, and having due regard to the practices

  18. Nature-Inspired Dissemination of Information in P2P Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guéret, Christophe

    After having first been used as a means to publish content, the Web is now widely used as a social tool for sharing information. It is an easy task to subscribe to a social network, join one of the Web-based communities according to some personal interests and start to share content with all the people who do the same. It is easy once you solve two basic problems: select the network to join (go to hi5, facebook, myspace,…? join all of them?) and find/pick up the right communities (i.e., find a strict label to match non-strict centers of interest). An error of appreciation would result in getting too much of useless/non-relevant information. This chapter provides a study on the dissemination of information within groups of people and aim at answering one question: can we find an effortless way of sharing information on the Web? Ideally, such a solution would require neither the definition of a profile nor the selection of communities to join. Publishing information should also not be the result of an active decision but be performed in an automatic way. A nature-inspired framework is introduced as an answer to this question. This framework features artificial ants taking care of the dissemination of information items within the network. Centers of interest of the users are reflected by artificial pheromones laid down on connections between peers. Another part of the framework uses those pheromone trails to detect shared interests and creates communities.

  19. Addressing Barriers to Wind Energy by Creating Consensus through Information Dissemination and Outreach: Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Andrew Perchlik

    2003-02-28

    OAK B188 The sixteen month project to address barriers to the development of VT wind energy was successful. The project built consensus on wind energy siting issues through four stakeholder workshops and engaged Vermonters on wind energy issues with a wind energy information dissemination and outreach campaign. There is still a great need for more outreach and accurate wind energy information dissemination on the local level where informed discussion on the cost and benefits of wind energy projects needs to be held. The stakeholder workshop framework and outreach tools that were created by this project will be helpful tools as state agencies, wind developers, non-profit organizations and concerned citizens (in Vermont and around the country) continue to discuss wind energy projects and the role of wind energy in comprehensive energy plans. Given the success of this project it is recommended that other states replicate this project as a way to help overcome the barriers to win d energy development. This report provides: an overview of the project accomplishments, detailed quarter by quarter descriptions of the project activities, activities spawned by the project, conclusions, and copies of all the documents created during the project as attachments (No.1-8).

  20. Communicating Climate Change - Weather Forecast Need Assessment and Information Dissemination Mechanism to Farmers in Nepal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panthi, J., Sr.

    2014-12-01

    Climate Change is becoming one of the major threats to the fragile Himalayan ecosystem. It is affecting all sectors mainly fresh water, agriculture, forest, biodiversity and species. The subsistence agriculture system of Nepal is mainly rain-fed; therefore, climate change and climate extremes do have direct impacts on it. Weather extremes like droughts, floods and landslides long-lasting fog, hot and cold waves are affecting the agriculture sectors of Nepal. As human-induced climate change has already showing its impacts and it is going to be there for a long time to come, it is paramount importance to move towards the adaptation. Early warning system is an effective way for reducing the impacts of disasters. Forecasting of weather parameters (temperature, precipitation, and wind) helps farmers for their preparedness activities. With consultation with farmers and other relevant institutions, a research project was carried out, for the first time in Nepal, to identify the forecast information need to farmers and their dissemination mechanism. Community consultation workshops, key informant survey, and field observations were the techniques used for this research. Two ecological locations: Bageshwori VDC in Banke (plain) and Dhaibung VDC in Rasuwa (mountain) were taken as the pilot sites for this assessment. People in both the districts are dependent highly on agriculture and the weather extremes like hailstone, untimely rainfall; droughts are affecting their agriculture practices. They do not have confidence in the weather forecast information disseminated by the government of Nepal currently being done because it is a general forecast not done for a smaller domain and the forecast is valid only for 24 hours. The weather forecast need to the farmers in both the sites are: rainfall (intensity, duration and time), drought, and hailstone but in Banke, people wished to have the information of heat and cold waves too as they are affecting their wheat and tomato crops respectively the most. The mechanism of dissemination of the forecast information has been identified and agreed as local radio/FM, mobile telephoning to community leader and displaying and daily updating the forecast information in community hoarding boards.

  1. Disseminated Nocardiosis: A Successful Blind Strategy of Treatment in an HIV Infected Patient

    PubMed Central

    Guerra, Ana C.; Aleixo, Maria J.; Saraiva, Paulo; Aguas, Maria J.

    2015-01-01

    Background. Nocardiosis is a rare disease that mainly affects severely immunocompromised patients. Symptoms are nonspecific and microbiological isolation is difficult, hiding the diagnosis. Treatment should be guided by species and susceptibility testing. Findings. We report a clinical case of a disseminated nocardiosis in a patient with HIV and HVB infections. Interpretation. Diagnosis should be presumed early and microbiological conditions should be optimized, in order to identify the species and achieve antibiotic susceptibility testing. This is a very important step to choose an effective therapeutic regimen or alternative options. PMID:25821611

  2. Factors Involved in the Ineffective Dissemination of Sexuality Information to Individuals Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Job, Jennifer

    2004-01-01

    The last 40 years of literature pertaining to sexuality and deaf individuals are reviewed. Current research, which establishes that people who are deaf do not have adequate information on sexuality issues, is examined, as well as some of the factors that play a role in the ineffective dissemination of sexuality information to this population.…

  3. Electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination program. Progress report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (enacted October 24, 1992) to determine whether or not exposure to EMF produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electric energy affects human health. Two Federal agencies, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), have primary responsibility for the program, but other Federal agencies are key participants as well. This program requires that Federal appropriations be matched by contributions from non-Federal sources. The authorized level of funding for the program was $65 million over a 5-year period (fiscal years 1993-1997 inclusive). For EMF RAPID to be a fully funded program, $32.5 million over 5 years will have to be appropriated by Congress and matched by non-Federal contributions.

  4. Context-adaptive information dissemination in vanets - maximizing the global benefit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Adler; Robert Eigner; Christoph Schroth; Markus Strassberger

    2006-01-01

    entirely fulfilled by existing concepts. In this paper, a novel concept for a self-organizing and context-adaptive dissemination framework that is capable of combining the advantages of existent routing, broadcasting and dissemination mechanisms is proposed. Message selection and medium access are based on a relevance function that makes use of the current context and the content of the messages. Thus, at

  5. Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination Program annual report for fiscal year 1996

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-06-01

    The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 as a near-term effort to expand and accelerate the research needed to address the EMF issue. As required by this legislation, the EMF Interagency Committee, the National EMF Advisory Committee (NEMFAC), and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) are providing valued input and advice for the direction of this program. With this input and advice, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) have developed and are implementing five-year program plans. Multi-year health effects research projects and related EMF measurement and exposure assessment projects are underway using funds appropriated in fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 together with voluntary non-Federal contributions. The results of these research projects, along with the results of other EMF research, will be used as input to the hazard evaluation effort, which is the focus of the EMF RAPID Program. A coordinated interagency program is underway to communicate needed information on the EMF issue in a clear manner to the public and other decision makers.

  6. Speculative Data Dissemination and Service to Reduce Server Load, Network Traffic and Service Time in Distributed Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Azer Bestavros

    1996-01-01

    We present two server-initiated protocols to improvethe performance of distributed information systems(e.g. WWW). Our first protocol is a hierarchical datadissemination mechanism that allows information topropagate from its producers to servers that are closerto its consumers. This dissemination reduces networktraffic and balances load amongst servers by exploitinggeographic and temporal locality of reference propertiesexhibited in client access patterns. Our second protocolrelies on...

  7. Disseminating Health Information and Diabetes Care for Latinos Via Electronic Information Kiosks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul H. Matthews; Carolina Darbisi; Lorilee Sandmann; Robert Galen; Donald Rubin

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the use of electronic, web-enabled touch-screen information kiosks as a tool to provide culturally\\u000a and linguistically appropriate diabetes information to Latino audiences. Two kiosk models (high privacy sit-down, group enabled\\u000a stand-up) in two locations (pharmacy, community center) in Northeast Georgia provided bilingual, read-aloud diabetes education\\u000a and local resource information on health care. Data from public use and

  8. Communications System Architecture Development for Air Traffic Management and Aviation Weather Information Dissemination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallagher, Seana; Olson, Matt; Blythe, Doug; Heletz, Jacob; Hamilton, Griff; Kolb, Bill; Homans, Al; Zemrowski, Ken; Decker, Steve; Tegge, Cindy

    2000-01-01

    This document is the NASA AATT Task Order 24 Final Report. NASA Research Task Order 24 calls for the development of eleven distinct task reports. Each task was a necessary exercise in the development of comprehensive communications systems architecture (CSA) for air traffic management and aviation weather information dissemination for 2015, the definition of the interim architecture for 2007, and the transition plan to achieve the desired End State. The eleven tasks are summarized along with the associated Task Order reference. The output of each task was an individual task report. The task reports that make up the main body of this document include Task 5, Task 6, Task 7, Task 8, Task 10, and Task 11. The other tasks provide the supporting detail used in the development of the architecture. These reports are included in the appendices. The detailed user needs, functional communications requirements and engineering requirements associated with Tasks 1, 2, and 3 have been put into a relational database and are provided electronically.

  9. 48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 3052.235-70 Dissemination of...of the contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media...

  10. Naval Aviation Maintenance Office Information Strategy Plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. J. Halsey; M. E. Busbee; L. M. Miller; J. W. Wills; S. D. Woods

    1990-01-01

    Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel, together with members of Naval Aviation Maintenance Office (NAMO), developed an Information Strategy Plan (ISP) using a combination of Information Engineering (IE) methodologies. The purpose of the ISP was to comprehensively and objectively analyze the information requirements of NAMO. The ISP activities began with structures interviews of the NAMO top level management to identify

  11. Net-centric information and knowledge management and dissemination for data-to-decision C2 applications using intelligent agents and service-oriented architectures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Mayk; W. Regli; D. Nguyen; M. Mai; A. Chan; T. Urness; B. Goren; S. Kizenko; S. Randles; Z. Jastrebski; J. Ruschmeyer; Lex Lehman; M. McCurdy; D. Millar; I. Simmons; C. Cannon; J. Kopena; A. Patwardhan; G. Tassone; J. Lindquist; G. Jewell; R. Forkenbrock; M. Nicholson; F. Koss; R. Wray; J. Bradshaw; J. Lott

    2011-01-01

    The Tactical Information Technologies for Assured Network Operations (TITAN) Program aims to achieve net-centric information and knowledge management and dissemination integrated with data-to-decision C2 Applications. TITAN is a multi-year effort to develop, demonstrate and mature information and knowledge (I&K) management and dissemination (M&D) services spanning multiple echelons and provide support to the network-centric operations process with collaborative military planning and

  12. Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating road hazard information using road side infrastructures in VANETs.

    PubMed

    Berlin, M A; Anand, Sheila

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating information about fixed road hazards such as road blocks, tree fall, boulders on road, snow pile up, landslide, road maintenance work and other obstacles to the vehicles approaching the hazardous location. The proposed work focuses on dissemination of hazard messages on highways with sparse traffic. The vehicle coming across the hazard would report the presence of the hazard. It is proposed to use Road Side fixed infrastructure Units for reliable and timely delivery of hazard messages to vehicles. The vehicles can then take appropriate safety action to avoid the hazardous location. The proposed protocol has been implemented and tested using SUMO simulator to generate road traffic and NS 2.33 network simulator to analyze the performance of DHRP. The performance of the proposed protocol was also compared with simple flooding protocol and the results are presented. PMID:24834371

  13. The Analysis of Compound Information Warfare Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Kopp

    Abstract The practical defensive and offensive application of Information Warfare most frequently involves the use of complicated compound strategies, in which multichannel and multilayered attacks must be analysed. This paper presents a systematic approach to the analysis problem, which is exploitable for defensive and offensive purposes. Keywords Deception Techniques, Information Warfare, Strategic Deception, Tactical Deception, Perception Management

  14. Pure strategies in games with private information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Ali Khan; Yeneng Sun

    1995-01-01

    Pure strategy equilibria of finite player games with informational constraints have been discussed under the assumptions of finite actions, and of independence and diffuseness of information. We present a mathematical framework, based on the notion of a distribution of a correspondence, that enables us to handle the case of countably infinite actions. In this context, we extend the Radner-Rosenthal theorems

  15. University of Newcastle upon Tyne Cross-Layer Design for Information Dissemination in Wireless Sensor

    E-print Network

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Dissemination in Wireless Sensor Networks: State-of-the-Art and Research Challenges M. N. Jambli and A. Tully. TECHNICAL REPORT SERIES No. CS-TR-1011 March, 2007 NEWCASTLE UN IVERSITY OF #12;TECHNICAL REPORT SERIES No: State-of-the-Art and Research Challenges. Mohamad Nazim Jambli, Alan Tully. Abstract In recent years

  16. Towards an Informed Mexican and Mexican-American Citizenry: Bridging the Gap to Increase Human Capacity and Information Dissemination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramirez, M. D.; Ramirez, D. M.

    2008-12-01

    The research translation and community outreach goal of The University of Arizona's (UA) Superfund Basic Research Program and U.S.-Mexico Binational Center for Environmental Sciences and Toxicology is to increase human capacity and information dissemination to diverse stakeholders, including federal, state, and local government agencies as well as northern Mexican and border community stakeholders. Due to Arizona's demographic characteristics and the UA's proximity to the U.S. - Mexico border, activities target primarily Mexican and Mexican-American populations. With this in mind, a model has been established that pulls from human capital, community-based participatory research and public participation theories. The theories applied to our target population have resulted in the creation of a successful model that is used in both research translation and community outreach work. The model contains four components: community needs (participation), science translation (information), engagement (outreach), and training (education). Examples of how this model operates for various stakeholders involved in environmental science and health issues will be discussed. A case in point of how this model has been applied effectively is the partnership with promotoras (community health advocates) to do environmental science and health trainings to increase the knowledge base of specific populations disproportionately exposed to contaminants of concern. Additional case studies and methodologies used to develop innovative communicative tools (that takes into consideration cultural idiosyncrasies) for stakeholders at all levels in Arizona, the border, and Mexico will be highlighted, such as: 1) information sheets regarding local environmental issues for communities neighboring contaminated sites, 2) SciTransfer Bulletins targeting professional level stakeholders such as Project Managers, Community Involvement Coordinators and the general public, 3) coordinating technical and scientific workshops in the U.S and Mexico and 4) participating in local community events. Lessons learned and knowledge gained in the past three years will also be presented.

  17. Naval Aviation Maintenance Office Information Strategy Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Halsey, P.J.; Busbee, M.E.; Miller, L.M.; Wills, J.W.; Woods, S.D.

    1990-06-01

    Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel, together with members of Naval Aviation Maintenance Office (NAMO), developed an Information Strategy Plan (ISP) using a combination of Information Engineering (IE) methodologies. The purpose of the ISP was to comprehensively and objectively analyze the information requirements of NAMO. The ISP activities began with structures interviews of the NAMO top level management to identify the information needs and functions crucial to the NAMO organization. Joint Applications Design (JAD) sessions were held with functional experts to further enhance what was learned during the interview cycle. The information gathered through interviews, JAD sessions, and survey of the current systems was used to develop the Strategic Plan and the deliverables of an ISP: the Information Architecture, Business Systems Architecture, and Technical Architecture. These architectures are detailed, along with the major findings, recommendations, strategies, and plans for implementing further stages of IE. 72 figs.

  18. 2012 Brunel University Information Strategy

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    to) desktop, portable and mobile computers, smartphones and personal digital assistants, by mobile telephone or by any other means. They also apply to the use of the Joint Academic NETwork (JANET users of information and communications technology and services -- staff (academic, technical

  19. 76 FR 16621 - Critical Materials Strategy Request for Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-24

    ...ENERGY Critical Materials Strategy Request for Information AGENCY...its 2010 Critical Materials Strategy. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...its first Critical Materials Strategy. This year, DOE will update...supply chain structure, financing, R&D, energy...

  20. A qualitative analysis of information dissemination through twitter in a digital library

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hae Min Kim; Christopher C. Yang; Eileen G. Abels; Mi Zhang

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the use of Twitter in a digital library, the Internet Public Library (ipl2), to understand the content and dissemination patterns of Twitter messages posted by the ipl2. We conducted a content analysis on ipl2's messages on Twitter to develop a categorization of the type of tweets, and examined retweets and the active users who retweeted ipl2 tweets.

  1. Utilizing Information for Developing Corporate Strategy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shiina, Takeshi

    We now enter the era that Japanese enterprises have to make own decision on what they should do next as action leaders, since the time was over that they proceeded with their R & D just by following and learning lessons of success and failure produced by U.S. industries. Under this era information has been carrying more weight on corporate strategy and it has become important issue to utilize information how efficiently and effectively as data for judging critical decision matters. Focusing on this issue the author proposes three measures, i.e. enforcement of information gathering capacity, gathering of farsighted information, information processing based on the experiences through studying abroad and practices, and indicates five ways of information utilization such as construction of information network and application of a company history.

  2. Gradual information diffusion and contrarian strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atakan Yalç?n

    2008-01-01

    Various rational and behavioral models have been proposed to explain contrarian portfolio returns. In this article, I test the gradual information diffusion model of Hong and Stein [Hong, H., & Stein J. C. (1999). A unified theory of underreaction, momentum trading, and overreaction in asset markets. Journal of Finance, 54, 2143–2184]. Specifically, I study contrarian strategies based on past long-term

  3. A SEMANTIC MODEL OF SELECTIvE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION | MORALES-DEL-CASTILLO ET AL. 21 A Semantic Model of Selective

    E-print Network

    Granada, Universidad de

    of the main challenges faced by information systems at libraries or on the Web is to efficiently manage information management (by semantically enriching dif- ferent elements of the system) and improved agent A Semantic Model of Selective Dissemination of Information for Digital Libraries J. M. Morales

  4. Media Choice in Environmental Information Dissemination for Solid Waste Management among Policy Formulators and Implementors: A Case Study of Oyo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akintola, B. A.; Temowo, O. O.; Ajiboye, J. O.

    2009-01-01

    Environmental information has been described as central to the issues of solid waste management and disposal. This study investigated the availability and accessibility of environmental information to the solid waste policy formulators and implementors with regard to the media/channels used for disseminating environmental information to the…

  5. Data Processing: Status of Agriculture's Electronic Dissemination of Information System. Fact Sheet for the Chairman, Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    Written in response to a request to review the implementation of the Department of Agriculture's Electronic Dissemination of Information (EDI) system, this fact sheet discusses the performance of the contractor operating the system and the role of EDI in the Department of Agriculture's overall public dissemination activities. A letter from the…

  6. Characteristics of Health Information Gatherers, Disseminators, and Blockers Within Families at Risk of Hereditary Cancer: Implications for Family Health Communication Interventions

    PubMed Central

    Peters, June A.; Kenen, Regina; Hoskins, Lindsey M.; Ersig, Anne L.; Kuhn, Natalia R.; Loud, Jennifer T.; Greene, Mark H.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives. Given the importance of the dissemination of accurate family history to assess disease risk, we characterized the gatherers, disseminators, and blockers of health information within families at high genetic risk of cancer. Methods. A total of 5466 personal network members of 183 female participants of the Breast Imaging Study from 124 families with known mutations in the BRCA1/2 genes (associated with high risk of breast, ovarian, and other types of cancer) were identified by using the Colored Eco-Genetic Relationship Map (CEGRM). Hierarchical nonlinear models were fitted to characterize information gatherers, disseminators, and blockers. Results. Gatherers of information were more often female (P < .001), parents (P < .001), and emotional support providers (P < .001). Disseminators were more likely female first- and second- degree relatives (both P < .001), family members in the older or same generation as the participant (P < .001), those with a cancer history (P < .001), and providers of emotional (P < .001) or tangible support (P < .001). Blockers tended to be spouses or partners (P < .001) and male, first-degree relatives (P < .001). Conclusions. Our results provide insight into which family members may, within a family-based intervention, effectively gather family risk information, disseminate information, and encourage discussions regarding shared family risk. PMID:19833996

  7. 47 CFR 64.1509 - Disclosure and dissemination of pay-per-call information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Pay-Per-Call and Other Information Services § 64.1509 Disclosure...of pay-per-call information. (a) Any common...questions and provide information on subscribers...of pay-per-call services and to provide...

  8. General Data Dissemination System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The International Monetary Fund has created the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), a system of metadata collection intended to "guide countries in the provision to the public of comprehensive, timely, accessible, and reliable economic, financial, and socio-demographic data." This site offers information from and about the countries participating in the GDDS. The project's main goals include improving the creation of country information, as well as creating a standard for the dissemination of reliable, current, thorough, and accessible economic, socio-demographic, and financial information. The data on participating countries, which include Fiji, Albania, Uganda, and Kuwait, may be accessed through a menu system, by country and by topic. The site also contains a helpful guide to the General Data Dissemination System, as well as a What's New? section and a soon-to-be-added FAQ.

  9. Disseminate your findings.

    PubMed

    Grant, Maria J

    2012-03-01

    While research training often takes place during every day practice, for the majority of library and information professionals, essential training will have been received as part of the dissertation element of their degree. However, there is a danger that important dissertation study findings are not disseminated if, for example, the student has moved onto a new job. The Health Information and Libraries Journal seek to address this research/practice gap with the introduction of a new feature 'Dissertations into Practice' specifically tasked with providing a safe and structured environment for students to disseminate their dissertation project findings. PMID:22335284

  10. How Much to Tell? Disseminating Affective Information across a Social Network.

    E-print Network

    Reiter, Ehud

    babies in neonatal intensive care to family members and friends. A key question is how to personalize model, tailored patient information, medical informatics, neonatal intensive care, affective information. 1. Introduction When a newborn baby is sent to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), friends

  11. Phenotypic assortment in wild primate networks: implications for the dissemination of information.

    PubMed

    Carter, Alecia J; Lee, Alexander E G; Marshall, Harry H; Ticó, Miquel Torrents; Cowlishaw, Guy

    2015-05-01

    Individuals' access to social information can depend on their social network. Homophily-a preference to associate with similar phenotypes-may cause assortment within social networks that could preclude information transfer from individuals who generate information to those who would benefit from acquiring it. Thus, understanding phenotypic assortment may lead to a greater understanding of the factors that could limit the transfer of information between individuals. We tested whether there was assortment in wild baboon (Papio ursinus) networks, using data collected from two troops over 6 years for six phenotypic traits-boldness, age, dominance rank, sex and the propensity to generate/exploit information-using two methods for defining a connection between individuals-time spent in proximity and grooming. Our analysis indicated that assortment was more common in grooming than proximity networks. In general, there was homophily for boldness, age, rank and the propensity to both generate and exploit information, but heterophily for sex. However, there was considerable variability both between troops and years. The patterns of homophily we observed for these phenotypes may impede information transfer between them. However, the inconsistency in the strength of assortment between troops and years suggests that the limitations to information flow may be quite variable. PMID:26064652

  12. Outreach for rural public library staff: an effective means for consumer health information dissemination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Grace Flaherty

    2009-01-01

    In May 2004, the Sidney Memorial Public Library, located in rural upstate New York, was awarded a Health Information System grant from the National Library of Medicine. The objectives of the three year project included: increase access to quality health-related information for end users, including consumers, physicians, and health care workers; provide training to local hospital staff, health care providers,

  13. Case Report: Disseminating Drug Prescribing Information: The Cox2 Inhibitors Withdrawals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott M. Strayer; David C. Slawson; Allen F. Shaughnessy

    2006-01-01

    This case study examined the recent withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the timeliness of updates in commonly used information sources used by healthcare professionals. The method included assembling a purposive sample of 15 drug reference and warning systems that were then systematically monitored for several months after the withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the time to update this information. These

  14. APNs taking the next step: disseminating practice information via effective poster presentations.

    PubMed

    Bischof, Janet

    2013-02-10

    Advanced practice nurses (APNs) have a responsibility to share information from projects and research with other professionals. Poster presentations offer a way to visually share the information to a wide audience. Key elements include title, objective/purpose, data collection, results, analysis, implications for nursing, and appropriate references. PMID:23344223

  15. Phenotypic assortment in wild primate networks: implications for the dissemination of information

    PubMed Central

    Carter, Alecia J.; Lee, Alexander E. G.; Marshall, Harry H.; Ticó, Miquel Torrents; Cowlishaw, Guy

    2015-01-01

    Individuals' access to social information can depend on their social network. Homophily—a preference to associate with similar phenotypes—may cause assortment within social networks that could preclude information transfer from individuals who generate information to those who would benefit from acquiring it. Thus, understanding phenotypic assortment may lead to a greater understanding of the factors that could limit the transfer of information between individuals. We tested whether there was assortment in wild baboon (Papio ursinus) networks, using data collected from two troops over 6 years for six phenotypic traits—boldness, age, dominance rank, sex and the propensity to generate/exploit information—using two methods for defining a connection between individuals—time spent in proximity and grooming. Our analysis indicated that assortment was more common in grooming than proximity networks. In general, there was homophily for boldness, age, rank and the propensity to both generate and exploit information, but heterophily for sex. However, there was considerable variability both between troops and years. The patterns of homophily we observed for these phenotypes may impede information transfer between them. However, the inconsistency in the strength of assortment between troops and years suggests that the limitations to information flow may be quite variable.

  16. Technical Assistance, Dissemination, Parent Information, and State Improvement. Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Fiscal Year 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glover, Jeanne; DeCarme, Judi; Orkwis, Ray

    This book is the fourth of four volumes in a directory of more than 1,000 discretionary grants and contracts supported by the Research to Practice Division of the Office of Special Education Programs. This volume focuses on projects concerned with technical assistance, dissemination, parent information, and state improvement. The Technical…

  17. 12 CFR 4.38 - Restrictions on dissemination of released information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH...waive his or her right to review the transcript and to note errors. [60 FR 57322, Nov. 15, 1995. Redesignated at 63...

  18. 12 CFR 4.38 - Restrictions on dissemination of released information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH...waive his or her right to review the transcript and to note errors. [60 FR 57322, Nov. 15, 1995. Redesignated at 63...

  19. Present conditions on the dissemination of Japanese scientific and technical information to the U.S.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimura, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Tomohiko

    Present conditions concerning distribution of Japanese scientific and technical information to the U.S. are surveyed for promoting international distribution of it. The investigation, focusing on Japanese gray literature, is carried out into distribution to foreign countries, utilization/demand/difficulty to obtain in the U.S., and etc., through interviews and questionnaire surveys to researchers and librarians in Japan and the U.S. It is pointed out the needs to improve accessibility for Japanese technical reports, doctral dissertations, and technical bulletins/newsletters, and necessity to arrange conditions of distribution to the U.S. by increasing directory information and reducing language barrier between both countries.

  20. Using SharePoint to manage and disseminate fusion project information: An ITER case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry Prescott; James Downing; Marco Di Maio; John How

    2010-01-01

    The ITER Organization, in common with many other fusion laboratories, has an authenticated-access website devoted to the communication of information to all its staff and remote collaborators. In 2007 and 2008, the number of registered users of this site increased by more than a factor of ten, to over 3000 at present, and with approximately 900 unique users using the

  1. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...each establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions...Labor will furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the...safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not be altered,...

  2. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...each establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions...Labor will furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the...safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not be altered,...

  3. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...each establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions...Labor will furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the...safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not be altered,...

  4. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...each establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions...Labor will furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the...safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not be altered,...

  5. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...each establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions...Labor will furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the...safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not be altered,...

  6. A web information system for the management and the dissemination of Cultural Heritage data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Élise Meyer; Pierre Grussenmeyer; Jean-Pierre Perrin; Anne Durand; Pierre Drap

    2007-01-01

    Safeguarding and exploiting Cultural Heritage induce the production of numerous and heterogeneous data. The management of these data is an essential task for the use and the diffusion of the information gathered on the field. Previously, the data handling was a hand-made task done thanks to efficient and experienced methods. Until the growth of computer science, other methods have been

  7. Effectiveness of Using Periodic Messages for Disseminating Warning Information in Vehicular Ad

    E-print Network

    Mahmud, Syed Masud

    . INTRODUCTION Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANET) is one of the most active topics in Intelligent Transportation VANET and then provide an ITS services to drivers. One example of these services is to forward safety information to vehicles in a certain range and within certain time latency. Some VANET applications use

  8. Electronic and Courier Methods of Information Dissemination: A Test of Accuracy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeWine, Sue; And Others

    As part of a larger endeavor to evaluate the impact of communication technology on organizations, this study assesses the accuracy of information diffusion via electronic-mail and courier-mail systems in two large organizations which have implemented electronic-mail systems in the last three years. Data were obtained through the use of…

  9. Facilitating the Collection and Dissemination of Information to Parents of Children in a Child Care Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Armas, Maria P.

    To improve conditions at a nonprofit day care center serving low-income, mainly non-English-speaking families, this practicum addressed the need of recently immigrated parents to increase their knowledge of child development and available community resources. A total of 52 Hispanic parents were given materials at an information distribution area…

  10. Dissemination of Medical Information: Organizational and Technological Issues in Health Sciences Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roderer, Nancy K.

    1993-01-01

    Describes five programs that have been significant to the evolution of biomedical communications in health sciences libraries over the last twenty years: the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM); Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS); National Research and Education Network (NREN); Unified Medical Language System…

  11. Development of an integrated application portal for environmental spatial information dissemination in the Nestos river basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zalidis, George; Karapetsas, Nikolaos; Skoulikaris, Charalampos; Misopolinos, Lazaros; Manesis, Charalampos

    2013-08-01

    Water resources management is a comprehensive planning process dimensioning all water related components. With this in mind, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires reliable and continuous water monitoring and collection of qualitative information in order to support decision making concerning water pollution events, focusing primarily on civil protection. The present research study initiates the coupling of water quality - quantity monitoring techniques and telemetric systems with geographic information system (GIS) based map server technologies for the near real time warning about potential water pollution events. The study is being implemented in the Greek part of the transboundary Nestos river basin and forms part of the Bulgarian and Greek European Territorial Cooperation Programme 2007-2013. The aim of this partnership is to develop an operational supportive mechanism for the Competent Authorities of water management in both countries in order to facilitate the planning and implementation of sustainable water management along with civil protection.

  12. Local Health Department Use of Twitter to Disseminate Diabetes Information, United States

    PubMed Central

    Mueller, Nancy L.; Snider, Doneisha; Haire-Joshu, Debra

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Diabetes may affect one-third of US adults by 2050. Adopting a healthful diet and increasing physical activity are effective in preventing type 2 diabetes and decreasing the severity of diabetes-related complications. Educating and informing the public about health problems is a service provided by local health departments (LHDs). The objective of this study was to examine how LHDs are using social media to educate and inform the public about diabetes. Methods In June 2012 we used NVivo 10 to collect all tweets ever posted from every LHD with a Twitter account and identified tweets about diabetes. We used a 2010 National Association of County and City Health Officials survey to compare characteristics of LHDs that tweeted about diabetes with those that did not. Content analysis was used to classify each tweet topic. Results Of 217 LHDs with Twitter accounts, 126 had ever tweeted about diabetes, with 3 diabetes tweets being the median since adopting Twitter. LHDs tweeting about diabetes were in jurisdictions with larger populations and had more staff and higher spending than LHDs not tweeting about diabetes. They were significantly more likely to employ a public information specialist and provide programs in diabetes-related areas. There was also a weak positive association between jurisdiction diabetes rate and the percentage of all tweets that were about diabetes (r = .16; P = .049). Conclusion LHDs are beginning to use social media to educate and inform their constituents about diabetes. An understanding of the reach and effectiveness of social media could enable public health practitioners to use them more effectively. PMID:23639765

  13. Integration and Dissemination of Citizen Reported and Seismically Derived Earthquake Information via Social Network Technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle Guy; Paul Earle; Chris Ostrum; Kenny Gruchalla; Scott Horvath

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a People in the locality of earthquakes are publishing anecdotal information about the shaking within seconds of their occurrences\\u000a via social network technologies, such as Twitter. In contrast, depending on the size and location of the earthquake, scientific\\u000a alerts can take between two to twenty minutes to publish. We describe TED (Twitter Earthquake Detector) a system that adopts\\u000a social network technologies

  14. Informal Training in Staff Networks to Support Dissemination of Health Promotion Programs

    PubMed Central

    Ramanadhan, Shoba; Wiecha, Jean L.; Gortmaker, Steven L.; Emmons, Karen M.; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To study informal skill transfer via staff networks as a complement to formal training among afterschool childcare providers implementing a health promotion program. Design Cross-sectional, sociometric network analysis. Setting Boston Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) afterschool programs implementing the iPLAY program. Participants All 91 staff members at 20 sites were eligible; 80 completed the survey (88% response rate). Measures At the network level, network density measured system-level connectedness. At the staff level, the independent variable was out degree, the number of individuals to whom respondents noted a program-related connection. The dependent variable was skill gains, the number of key implementation skills gained from the network. Analysis We mapped the staff program-related social network. We utilized multiple linear regression to estimate the relationship between out degree and skill gains, and we adjusted for clustering of staff in sites. Results Most staff (77%) reported gaining at least one skill from the network, but only 2% of potential network connections were established. The regression model showed that out degree (i.e., number of program-related contacts) was significantly associated with skill gains (? = .48, p < .01) independent of other variables. Conclusion Informal skill transfer in staff networks may be a useful complement to formal training for implementation of health promotion programs, but informal skill transfer was likely underutilized in this network. Future research employing longitudinal and/or multisite data should examine these findings in greater detail. PMID:20809826

  15. Information advantage and dominant strategies in second-price auctions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ezra EINY; Ori HAIMANKO; Ram ORZACH; Aner SELA

    2000-01-01

    We study a general model of common-value second-price auctions with differential information. We show that one of the bidders has an information advantage over the other bidders if and only if he possesses a dominant strategy. A dominant strategy is, in fact, unique, and is given by the conditional expectation of the common value with respect to his information field.

  16. UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Information & Communication Technology Infrastructure Strategy

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    and management tools (Ref. Information Strategy Universal Access Working Group, e-Science and the Grid working of key services and provide inherent containment measures against hacking, viruses, worms etc. (Ref hacking, viruses, worms etc. (Ref. Information Strategy Information Systems Security Working Group

  17. Impact of future information systems on business strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tejinder Singh; R. Subramanian; T. S. Chowdhry

    1990-01-01

    The authors emphasize the need to formulate strategies to exploit the wide-ranging services offered by these systems. It is pointed out that information transfer and manipulation are increasingly becoming the key factor in successful business decisions. As information becomes extremely valuable, it becomes pertinent to have a long-term strategy for information technology, and to ensure that it adapts well to

  18. Organizational Linkage and Information Dissemination: Strategies to Integrate the Substance Abuse and Disabilities Field.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backer, Thomas E.; Newman, Sheila S.

    1994-01-01

    Reviews current activities in the fields of both substance abuse and disability, and discusses new efforts to take advantage of advances in electronic communications and systems change approaches. The work of federal agencies in these areas is highlighted, and linkages of these agencies with the private sector are advocated. (JPS)

  19. Strategies for time-based multi-path secure information disseminations in MANETs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaoyan Hong; Bo Gu; Qunwei Zheng

    2008-01-01

    Sending messages securely to protect confidentiality in mobile ad hoc networks is a challenging issue due to the open wireless media, the spacial constraints and the difficulty in establishing strict security mechanisms. To tackle the problem, we have presented a scheme where a source node sends shares of a message at different times. Due to node mobility, the shares will

  20. Creating new realities: program development and dissemination.

    PubMed Central

    Fixsen, D L; Blase, K A

    1993-01-01

    Program development and dissemination in human services present challenges and opportunities for social scientists. Over the past 27 years the Teaching-Family Model of group home treatment has moved from prototype development to widespread dissemination across North America. Reviewing concepts in industry related to product development and dissemination, the application of these concepts to a human services delivery system, and program replication and dissemination data offer information about how innovative human services can be widely adapted and adopted. PMID:8307838

  1. Conventional or Interpersonal Communication: Which Works Best in Disseminating Malaria Information in an Endemic Rural Bangladeshi Community?

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Syed Masud; Hossain, Mohammad Shamim; Kabir, Moktadir

    2014-01-01

    Background Since 2007, BRAC has been implementing malaria prevention and control programme in 13 endemic districts of Bangladesh under the National Malaria Control Programme. This study was done to examine the role of different communication media in bringing about changes in knowledge and awareness which facilitate informed decision-making for managing malaria-like illnesses. Methods A baseline survey in 2007 before inception of the programme, and a follow-up survey in 2012 were done to study changes in different aspects of programme interventions including the communication component. Both the surveys used the same sampling technique to select 25 households at random from each of the 30 mauza/villages in a district. A pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect relevant information from respondents in face-to-face interview. Analysis was done comparing the study areas at two different times. Statistical tests were done as necessary to examine the differences. Results The intervention succeeded in improving knowledge in some trivial areas (e.g., most frequent symptom suggestive of malaria, importance of using insecticidal bed nets) but not in critical domains necessary for taking informed action (e.g., mode of malaria transmission, awareness about facilities providing free malaria treatment). Inequity in knowledge and practice was quite common depending upon household affluence, location of households in high or low endemic districts, and sex. Of the different media used in Information, Education and communication (IEC) campaigns during the study period, interpersonal communication with community health workers/relatives/neighbours/friends was found to be more effective in improving knowledge and practice than conventional print and audio-visual media. Conclusion This study reiterates the fact that conventional media may not be user-friendly or culture-sensitive for this semi-literate/illiterate community where dissemination through ‘words of mouth’ is more common, and as such, interpersonal communication is more effective. This is especially important for initiating informed action by the community in managing malaria-like illnesses. PMID:24603849

  2. Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) Project: Dissemination of Weather Information for the Reduction of Aviation Weather-Related Accident Causal Factors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jarrell, Michael; Tanger, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) is part of the Weather Accident Prevention (WxAP) Project, which is part of the NASA's Aviation Safety and Security Program. The goals of WINCOMM are to facilitate the exchange of tactical and strategic weather information between air and ground. This viewgraph presentation provides information on data link decision factors, architectures, validation goals. WINCOMM is capable of providing en-route communication air-to-ground, ground-to-air, and air-to-air, even on international or intercontinental flights. The presentation also includes information on the capacity, cost, and development of data links.

  3. Patterns between Interactive Intentions and Information-Seeking Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Hong (Iris)

    2002-01-01

    Discusses information retrieval system design that supports various information-seeking strategies. Describes a study that investigated the relationship between users' information-seeking goals and their information-seeking behavior to specify hierarchical levels of user goals, and discusses results that focus on patterns of interactive intentions…

  4. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation? Disseminated intravascular coagulation (ko-ag-u-LA-shun), or DIC, is ... This Content: NEXT >> November 2, 2011 Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Clinical Trials Clinical trials are research studies that ...

  5. A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the relative efficacy of adding voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to information dissemination in reducing HIV-related risk behaviors among Hong Kong male cross-border truck drivers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph T. F. Lau; Hi Yi Tsui; Shannon Cheng; Margaret Pang

    2010-01-01

    Mobile populations are vulnerable to contracting HIV. The present study aims to evaluate the relative efficacy of the voluntary counseling and testing plus information dissemination (VCT-ID) approach versus the information dissemination (ID) approach for promoting HIV preventive behaviors in a mobile population, cross-border truck drivers. A total of 301 adult male cross-border truck drivers who self-reported having had sex with

  6. Strategies for Evaluation of Interactive Multimedia Information Retrieval Systems

    E-print Network

    Belkin, Nicholas J.

    Strategies for Evaluation of Interactive Multimedia Information Retrieval Systems Nicholas J Introduction As we are all well aware, evaluation has been a strong suit of information retrieval (IR Information Retrieval Systems MIRO Final Workshop 2 2 Problems with the IR Evaluation Experience Not all

  7. Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

    In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

  8. A Curricular Strategy for Information Security Engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Smith

    2007-01-01

    Existing textbooks and training materials in basic information security do not reflect the actual problem solving techniques and practices in the field of information security engineering. In general, texts focus on memorization of a broad range of facts related to modern information security practice. Analytical techniques, when present, often focus on mathematical foundations of cryptography, the inner workings of security

  9. A Strategy for International Information Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Elizabeth K.; Wild, Kate

    1978-01-01

    Describes the experience accumulated by the United Nations and its agencies during the last decade in the international information system field. Bibliographic, statistical, and resource systems are described, and common features are identified; in addition, a model for strengthening national information capabilities and for sharing information is…

  10. A Combined Pictorial Mnemonic Strategy for Ordered Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Joel R.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Investigates the potential of a keyword method extension to determine if it can be effectively combined with other mnemonic strategies that are designed to facilitate coding of numerically ordered information. Twenty references are listed. (MER)

  11. Information load, cost\\/benefit assessment and decision strategy variability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James G. Helgeson; Michael L. Ursic

    1993-01-01

    The effect of four potential information load-producing variables on decision strategies and decision time and accuracy was\\u000a examined. These variables included two task-effects, the number of alternatives and attributes, and two context effects, the\\u000a variability of information on the attributes and alternative similarity. Number of alternatives had the most impact on decision\\u000a strategies, which were determined via protocols collected during

  12. Disseminated pheohyphomycosis.

    PubMed

    Shivaswamy, Kanakapura N; Pradhan, Prashanth; Laxmisha, Chandrashekar; Thappa, Devinder M; Jayanthi, Soundararaghavan

    2007-03-01

    A 40-year-old male agricultural laborer presented to our clinic with asymptomatic swellings on his left hand and left leg of 2 years' duration. A pea-sized swelling was first noticed on the back of the left hand, which was gradual in onset and slowly progressed to its present size. The patient later noticed multiple swellings over his left leg and thigh, with a similar progression. There was no history suggestive of inflammatory changes or discharge from the lesions. There was no previous history of trauma. The patient was an asthmatic and was on long-term oral steroid therapy (10-20 mg/day prednisolone). None of his family members had similar complaints. On physical examination, the patient was febrile. Cutaneous examination showed multiple, circumscribed, lobulated, non-tender, mobile, cystic swellings of various sizes, ranging from less than 2 cm over the left shin to more than 8 cm over the dorsum of the left hand and ankle (Fig. 1a,b). The surface over these swellings was shiny, smooth, and intact. The skin over the swellings was pliable and normal in color. There was no regional lymphadenopathy. The rest of the clinical examination was normal, except for decreased breath sounds over the left mid and lower pulmonary lobes. Routine laboratory tests, including complete blood count and liver and renal function tests, were within normal limits. Random blood glucose was greater than 400 mg%. Histopathologic examination of one of the cysts (from the hand) showed pheohyphomycotic cysts lined by dense fibrous tissue with chronic inflammatory infiltrate admixed with scattered giant cells in the dermis (Fig. 2). No fungal elements were visualized in the hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections. The fungal elements were found within the cystic cavity on special staining with Gomori's methenamine silver (GMS) and Masson-Fontana stains. The hyphae had irregularly placed branches and showed constrictions around their septae, thus resembling pseudohyphae and yeast forms (Fig. 3). Fine needle aspiration cytology from one of the swellings showed the presence of filamentous fungi on KOH examination and brown-pigmented distorted filaments and yeast-like cells on Masson-Fontana staining (Fig. 4a,b). The positive Masson-Fontana stain was indicative of the presence of melanin in the fungal hyphae, even when the fungal hyphae were not pigmented in the hematoxylin and eosin-stained section. Periodic acid-Schiff reagent also stained the fungal elements, thus confirming our diagnosis of pheohyphomycosis and ruling out the possibility of hyalohyphomycosis. The culture for fungus from the swelling aspirate grew contaminants. The chest X-ray showed dense nodular shadows in the left lower and mid pulmonary lobes. Sputum for acid-fast bacilli and Mantoux test were negative. During the hospital stay, the patient developed high fever and showed altered behavior, for which a computed tomography scan of the brain was performed; this showed evidence of multiple ring enhancing lesions in both frontal lobes. Ultrasound of the abdomen was normal. On the basis of the above findings, a diagnosis of disseminated subcutaneous pheohyphomycosis was made. The patient was given itraconazole, 100 mg twice daily, and his diabetes was managed with insulin. The fever stopped within a week and the altered behavior also started to show an improvement. There was obvious improvement in neurologic signs and symptoms. His skin lesions, however, responded slowly to the treatment. The patient did not report for further follow-up after 1 month. PMID:17343584

  13. Pilots' Information Needs and Strategies for Operating in Icing Conditions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vigeant-Langlois, Laurence N.; Hansman, R. John

    2003-01-01

    Pilot current use of icing information, pilot encounters and strategies for dealing with in-flight aircraft structural icing situations, and desired attributes of new icing information systems were investigated through a survey of pilots of several operational categories. The survey identified important information elements and fiequently used information paths for obtaining icing-related information. Free- response questions solicited descriptions of significant , icing encounters, and probed key icing-related decision and information criteria. Results indicated the information needs for the horizontal and vertical location of icing conditions and the identification of icing-free zones.

  14. Media Analysis of Early Dissemination of Canadian Child Maltreatment Surveillance Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tonmyr, Lil; Jack, Susan

    2010-01-01

    A media strategy was developed to disseminate Canadian child maltreatment surveillance data. Print media were systematically searched and 29 articles reporting on the data were retrieved. Using content analysis, the articles were analyzed to assess informational accuracy and to understand how the media framed the issue of maltreatment. This…

  15. Frequently Asked Questions NOT-CA-06-019: Administrative Supplements for Dissemination of Surveillance Research - National Cancer Institute - Cancer Control and Population Sciences

    Cancer.gov

    The instructions detail the dissemination and evaluation plan needs to be informed by dissemination theories and include process measures tracking dissemination plan components. Where can I find more information about dissemination theories?

  16. Designing a public web-based information system to illustrate and disseminate the development and results of the DESIRE Project to combat desertification.

    PubMed

    Geeson, Nichola; Brandt, Jane; Quaranta, Giovanni; Salvia, Rosanna

    2014-11-01

    Until around 1995 it was challenging to make the scientific results of research projects publicly available except through presentations at meetings or conferences, or as papers in academic journals. Then it began to be clear that the Internet could become the main medium to publish and share new information with a much wider audience. The DESIRE Project (desertification mitigation and remediation of land-a global approach for local solutions) has built on expertise gained in previous projects to develop an innovative online 'Harmonized Information System' (HIS). This documents the context, delivery and evaluation of all tasks in the DESIRE Project using non-scientific terminology, with much of it also available in the local languages of the study sites. The DESIRE-HIS makes use of new possibilities for communication, including video clips, interactive tools, and links to social media networks such as Twitter. Dissemination of research results using this approach has required careful planning and design. This paper sets out the steps that have culminated in a complete online Information System about local solutions to global land management problems in desertification-affected areas, including many practical guidelines for responsible land management. As many of those who are affected by desertification do not have Internet access, printable dissemination materials are also available on the DESIRE-HIS. PMID:23708265

  17. Evaluating Information Presentation Strategies for Spoken Recommendations 

    E-print Network

    Winterboer, Andi; Moore, Johanna D.

    2007-01-01

    and refine (UMSR) approach enable more efficient information retrieval than the data-driven summarize and refine (SR) approach. In addition, user ratings on four evaluation criteria showed a clear preference for recommendations based on the UMSR approach....

  18. A Strategy for Information Security: TOGAF , A. Movasseghi2

    E-print Network

    Ertaull, Levent

    A Strategy for Information Security: TOGAF L. Ertaul1 , A. Movasseghi2 , and S. Kumar2 1 Math inter-action. Based on the current available TOGAF (The Open Group Architecture Frame Work) security Security Planning, Information Security, TOGAF 1 Introduction Today's globally distributed network systems

  19. Solar information outreach strategies and action plans. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hewett

    1978-01-01

    Solar information outreach action plans are information-oriented technology transfer programs designed to facilitate solar commercialization in concert with other programs - tax incentives, load guarantees, etc. Strategies are logical groupings of action plans which focus on specific solar markets. Action plans are generally aimed at addressing important solar-related concerns and needs of key decision makers and other strategic participants that

  20. Vertical Integration: Corporate Strategy in the Information Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davenport, Lizzie; Cronin, Blaise

    1986-01-01

    Profiles the corporate strategies of three sectors of the information industry and the trend toward consolidation in electronic publishing. Three companies' acquisitions are examined in detail using qualitative data from information industry columns and interpreting it on the basis of game theory. (EM)

  1. Tailoring Information Strategies for Developing Countries: Some Latin American Experiences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowther, Warren

    This article addresses the conditions of developing countries which must be taken into account in developing information strategies for their public and educational institutions or projects. Its central argument is that newer information science concepts, although they demand technological and conceptual sophistication, can be useful in the…

  2. An evaluation of extension specialist newsletters as a means of disseminating information to the county extension agents of Texas

    E-print Network

    Brown, Reagan V

    1957-01-01

    AN EVALUATION OF EXTENSION SHKIALIST NEMSLETTEBS AS A MEA% OF DISSEMINATING INP(RMAT ION TO THE COUNTX EXTENSION AGENTS OF TEXAS A Thesis Reagan V, Brown Submitted to the Graduate School of the A~3. cultural and "echanic:. 1 "ollege of' Texcn... for their ooopsration in making thc study, and their contribution in furnishing the basic data used in this thesis. Nr. Z. D. Prswit, Associate Director, is mentioned personally for his splsndM help in getting the survey to local extension agents. TARIF, OF CC'. I...

  3. Retrieval Strategies for Linearly Ordered Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polich, John M.; Potts, George R.

    1977-01-01

    Subjects responded to pairs of test items from learned linear orderings (e.g., Tom is taller than Dick; Dick is taller than Sam, etc.). Results are compared with previous studies of ordered linguistic, perceptual, and numerical information. (Editor/RK)

  4. Office of Information OIT Role &Strategy

    E-print Network

    in an open and transparent manner. #12;Major OIT Projects · Identity and Access Management ­ Provide ­ Subcommittees report through UITC for endorsement ­ New Campus IT Directors group (CITD) reviews technical, and query tools to provide easily accessible, decision-support information for NC State executive officers

  5. Developing Broader Impacts Activities through Informal STEM Education Collaborations and Strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, James

    2015-03-01

    With the National Science Foundation and other funding agencies' renewed emphasis on broader impacts merit criterion in proposals, investigators and directors of education, outreach and engagement are challenged to identify, plan and implement innovative and transformative activities that engage a variety of audiences in the broader impacts of scientific research. These activities are also often required to have an evaluation plan for assessing the effectiveness of the strategies employed to achieve learning goals or other intended impacts. One approach to developing such plans is to partner with an informal science education institution, program, project or individual to create exhibits, media or programming that will convey the scientific concepts and processes involved in research and engage students and public audiences in appreciation for, and understanding of same. A growing body of evidence -based knowledge about what works for whom and under what conditions in fostering science learning and literacy in informal settings, as well as an expanding network of informal science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education professionals provide researchers, graduate students and staff resources to tap into as they consider their broader impacts directions. Web infrastructure like the informalscience.org website and others offer aggregated, vetted, and searchable examples of successful partnerships and strategies, as well as access to a community of colleagues working at the nexus of scientific research and informal education for further exploration. Through heightened awareness, stronger connectivity and a growing repository of knowledge, projects like the Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE) hope to support and disseminate the results of efforts that are enhancing the quality and visibility of broader impacts activities in whatever form they take.

  6. Dissemination Strategies to Improve Implementation of the PHS Smoking Cessation Guideline in MCH Public Health Clinics: Experimental Evaluation Results and Contextual Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manfredi, Clara; Cho, Young Ik; Warnecke, Richard; Saunders, Stephen; Sullivan, Myrtis

    2011-01-01

    We report results from an experimental study that tested the effectiveness of dissemination interventions to improve implementation of smoking cessation guidelines in maternal and child public health clinics. We additionally examine individual clinic results for contextual explanations not apparent from the experimental findings alone. Twelve…

  7. Nuove strategie di disseminazione e figure emergenti: gli innovation brokers + Beyond dissemination of research findings: innovation brokers as emerging figures in stimulating agricultural innovation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Klerkx

    2012-01-01

    More and more it is recognised that innovation cannot be explained by a linear approach to innovation in which public sector agricultural research and extension delivers new technology in a pipeline configuration through a dissemination approach, but calls for systems approach in which innovation is the result of a process of networking, interactive learning and negotiation among a heterogeneous set

  8. Strategy and the new economics of information.

    PubMed

    Evans, P B; Wurster, T S

    1997-01-01

    We are in the midst of a fundamental shift in the economics of information--a shift that will precipitate changes in the structure of entire industries and in the ways companies compete. This shift is made possible by the widespread adoption of Internet technologies, but it is less about technology than about the fact that a new behavior is reaching critical mass. Millions of people are communicating at home and at work in an explosion of connectivity that threatens to undermine the established value chains for businesses in many sectors of the economy. What will happen, for instance, to dominant retailers such as Toys "R" Us and Home Depot when a search through the Internet gives consumers more choice than any store? What will be the point of cultivating a long-standing supplier relationship with General Electric when it posts its purchasing requirements on an Internet bulletin board and entertains bids from anybody inclined to respond? The authors present a conceptual framework for approaching such questions--for understanding the relationship of information to the physical components of the value chain and how the Internet's ability to separate the two will lead to the reconfiguration of the value proposition in many industries. In any business where the physical value chain has been compromised for the sake of delivering information, there will be an opportunity to create a separate information business and a need to streamline the physical one. Executives must mentally deconstruct their businesses to see the real value of what they have. If they don't, the authors warn, someone else will. PMID:10170332

  9. Information Systems Strategy and Information Systems Development: A Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Reardon; Paul Ledington; Jeannie Ledington

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss both the findings of a case study into IS Strategy conducted in a medium sized financial institution, and the interpretive process used. The research methodology was based on the FMA framework and consisted of two iterations - the first using a Business Alignment Model for inquiring into the practices within the organisation.

  10. National Dissemination Forum, 1977. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brickell, Henry M.

    Presented is an analysis of nine agreements focused on three areas of common concern to dissemination specialists involved in the 1977 National Dissemination Forum: resources, linkage, research, evaluation and quality control. FORUM participants represented the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC of the National Institute of Education…

  11. The Effectiveness of Selected Dissemination Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, David W.; Johnson, Russell H.

    1981-01-01

    The dissemination activities through which college admissions officers heard about Project CHOICE, a three-year project to help colleges improve the information they provided to prospective students, were investigated. The study involved determining how well various dissemination methods (newsletter, journal articles, conference presentations,…

  12. Oregon's Pilot State Dissemination Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katagiri, George

    Oregon's Dissemination Program was established in July 1970. Its purpose was to close the communication gap between validated information and the decision making processes related to school administration and instruction. The program was administered by a staff of six, two of whom were assigned to pilot Intermediate Education District offices. The…

  13. Dissemination: Handmaiden to Evaluation Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrenz, Frances; Gullickson, Arlen; Toal, Stacie

    2007-01-01

    Use of evaluation findings is a valued outcome for most evaluators. However, to optimize use, the findings need to be disseminated to potential users in formats that facilitate use of the information. This reflective case narrative uses a national evaluation of a multisite National Science Foundation (NSF) program as the setting for describing the…

  14. Dissemination Activities Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barclay, Hanna; Batatia, Hudj; Bauters, Merja; Ben Ami, Zvi; Drachman, Raul; Flouris, Giorgos; Jadin, Tanja; Jalonen, Satu; Karlgren, Klas; Karpati, Andrea; Kotzinos, Dimitris; Lakkala, Minna; Lallimo, Jiri; Moen, Anne; Nygard, Kathrine; Paavola, Sami; Padiglia, Sheila; Scapolla, Marina; Sins, Patrick; Vasileva, Tania

    2008-01-01

    In the first 24 months of the project, KP-Lab members were highly dedicated to dissemination and were engaged in various dissemination activities that contributed to the prime objective of the KP-Lab dissemination efforts which is "to make the project widely known to a variety of prospective users and, at a later stage, to promote the…

  15. Seeking information superiority: strategies for business in the commercial application of information operations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Dart

    2005-01-01

    Information superiority is a condition that many businesses attempt to attain without truly understanding what it is, or how to get there. This paper presents an overview to help businesspeople recognize the road to information superiority, and some of the essential strategies to implement along the way. Information operations is a concept described to enable information superiority, when used with

  16. Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Information by Federal Agencies. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (April 29, June 26, October 18, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    This document provides a complete record of testimony presented at a series of hearings before the U.S. Congress on the electronic collection and dissemination of information by federal agencies. In looking at the effect of new computer and communications technology on government information activities and practices, the hearings considered such…

  17. Evidence-informed strategies for undergraduate nutrition education: a review.

    PubMed

    Newton, Genevieve; Bettger, William; Buchholz, Andrea; Kulak, Verena; Racey, Megan

    2015-07-01

    This review focuses on evidence-informed strategies to enhance learning in undergraduate nutrition education. Here, we describe the general shift in undergraduate education from a teacher-centered model of teaching to a student-centered model and present approaches that have been proposed to address the challenges associated with this shift. We further discuss case-based, project-based, and community-based learning, patient simulation, and virtual clinical trials as educational strategies to improve students' critical thinking and problem-solving skills; these strategies are well suited to the teaching of undergraduate nutrition. The strategies are defined, and we discuss the potential benefits to students and how they can be applied specifically to the teaching of undergraduate nutrition. Finally, we provide a critical analysis of the limitations associated with these techniques and propose several directions for future research, including research methodologies that may best evaluate teaching strategies in terms of both teaching and learning outcomes. Consideration of these evidence-informed strategies is warranted, given their ability to encourage students to develop relevant skills that will facilitate their transition beyond the university classroom. PMID:25962618

  18. Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

    1993-01-01

    Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

  19. Economic Strategies for the Information Entrepreneur James F. Booker

    E-print Network

    Economic Strategies for the Information Entrepreneur James F. Booker The market economy to achieve such market #12;Page -3- penetration, while the Internet needed a mere four years (once available will seize the opportunity of the market, and thereby satisfy the needs of consumers at the same time

  20. INFORMATION/STRATEGIES What can I do with this major?

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    Religious organizations Libraries and museums Political parties Labor unions Volunteer at non-profit organizations and build a network of contacts in the non-profit sector. GENERAL INFORMATION AND STRATEGIES/Title IX/Section 504/ADA /ADEA Employer NON-PROFIT #12;

  1. 35 Strategies for Guiding Readers through Informational Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Barbara; Loh, Virginia S.

    2010-01-01

    This practical guide presents inspiring, research-based activities for teaching students in grades K-12 how to read and think critically about informational texts. With five essential types of strategies, seasoned and preservice teachers learn ways to help students select engaging, challenging reading materials; develop their knowledge of history,…

  2. From Informal Strategies to Structured Procedures: Mind the Gap!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anghileri, Julia; Beishuizen, Meindert; Van Putten, Kees

    2002-01-01

    Explores written calculation methods for division used by pupils in England (n=276) and the Netherlands (n=259). Analyses informal strategies and identifies progression towards more structured procedures that result from different teaching approaches. Comparison of methods used shows greater success in the Dutch approach which is based on…

  3. Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

  4. The visualization and dissemination of the Great Lakes Regional Toxic Air Emissions Inventory: Using geographic information systems and interactive Internet mapping applications

    SciTech Connect

    Conley, R.M. [Great Lakes Commission, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The eight Great Lakes states, the Canadian province of Ontario and the Great Lakes Commission are involved in a collective effort to develop a regional inventory of toxic air emissions for 49 targeted toxic pollutants from point and area sources. The regional inventory will soon be expanded to include emissions from mobile sources. The inventory, when aggregated for all eight states and Ontario, will eventually reside at the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Great Lakes National Program Office (GLNPO). To aid in the understanding and interpretation of the inventory`s data, an effort has been undertaken to generate two map series for the entire region: (1) choropleth maps of total toxic air emissions at the county level of geography and (2) dot maps showing facility locations. To ensure an effective and efficient dissemination process among the province and various states, an interactive Internet mapping interface prototype was modified and used for the project. With an interactive online visualization tool, the inventory collectors, managers and researchers can quickly and effectively view the inventory`s data on maps, charts or spreadsheets. These graphics can be used as: (1) a QA/QC function for the inventory collectors, (2) a simple communication of complex data to support managers decision making and (3) a means for easy access to complex data and information about any geographic area in the region for the researchers or general public. This paper describes the development and use of PC Arc/Info, ArcView and MapInfo geographic information systems (GIS), mapping and Internet interfacing applications to visualize, disseminate and convey the emissions inventory data in a meaningful and useful manner. The various methods developed and implemented to convert, process and prepare the inventory data and Internet interface for use with a standard Internet web browser also are described in this paper.

  5. Community dissemination and genetic research: Moving beyond results reporting.

    PubMed

    Trinidad, Susan Brown; Ludman, Evette J; Hopkins, Scarlett; James, Rosalina D; Hoeft, Theresa J; Kinegak, Annie; Lupie, Henry; Kinegak, Ralph; Boyer, Bert B; Burke, Wylie

    2015-07-01

    The community-based participatory research (CBPR) literature notes that researchers should share study results with communities. In the case of human genetic research, results may be scientifically interesting but lack clinical relevance. The goals of this study were to learn what kinds of information community members want to receive about genetic research and how such information should be conveyed. We conducted eight focus group discussions with Yup'ik Alaska Native people in southwest Alaska (N?=?60) and 6 (N?=?61) with members of a large health maintenance organization in Seattle, Washington. Participants wanted to receive genetic information they "could do something about" and wanted clinically actionable information to be shared with their healthcare providers; they also wanted researchers to share knowledge about other topics of importance to the community. Although Alaska Native participants were generally less familiar with western scientific terms and less interested in web-based information sources, the main findings were the same in Alaska and Seattle: participants wished for ongoing dialogue, including opportunities for informal, small-group conversations, and receiving information that had local relevance. Effective community dissemination is more than a matter of presenting study results in lay language. Community members should be involved in both defining culturally appropriate communication strategies and in determining which information should be shared. Reframing dissemination as a two-way dialogue, rather than a one-way broadcast, supports the twin aims of advancing scientific knowledge and achieving community benefit. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25900516

  6. Facilitating access to antiviral medications and information during an influenza pandemic: engaging with the public on possible new strategies.

    PubMed

    Fain, Barbara A; Koonin, Lisa M; Stoto, Michael A; Shah, Umair A; Cooper, Susan R; Piltch-Loeb, Rachael N; Kellermann, Arthur L

    2014-01-01

    Antiviral medications can decrease the severity and duration of influenza, but they are most effective if started within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. In a severe influenza pandemic, normal channels of obtaining prescriptions and medications could become overwhelmed. To assess public perception of the acceptability and feasibility of alternative strategies for prescribing, distributing, and dispensing antivirals and disseminating information about influenza and its treatment, the Institute of Medicine, with technical assistance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), convened public engagement events in 3 demographically and geographically diverse communities: Fort Benton, MT; Chattanooga, TN; and Los Angeles, CA. Participants were introduced to the issues associated with pandemic influenza and the challenges of ensuring timely public access to information and medications. They then discussed the advantages and disadvantages of 5 alternative strategies currently being considered by the CDC and its partners. Participants at all 3 venues expressed high levels of acceptance for each of the proposed strategies and contributed useful ideas to support their implementation. This article discusses the key findings from these sessions. PMID:24552360

  7. Evidence-informed recommendations to reduce dissemination bias in clinical research: conclusions from the OPEN (Overcome failure to Publish nEgative fiNdings) project based on an international consensus meeting

    PubMed Central

    Meerpohl, Joerg J; Schell, Lisa K; Bassler, Dirk; Gallus, Silvano; Kleijnen, Jos; Kulig, Michael; La Vecchia, Carlo; Maruši?, Ana; Ravaud, Philippe; Reis, Andreas; Schmucker, Christine; Strech, Daniel; Urrútia, Gerard; Antes, Gerd

    2015-01-01

    Background Dissemination bias in clinical research severely impedes informed decision-making not only for healthcare professionals and patients, but also for funders, research ethics committees, regulatory bodies and other stakeholder groups that make health-related decisions. Decisions based on incomplete and biased evidence cannot only harm people, but may also have huge financial implications by wasting resources on ineffective or harmful diagnostic and therapeutic measures, and unnecessary research. Owing to involvement of multiple stakeholders, it remains easy for any single group to assign responsibility for resolving the problem to others. Objective To develop evidence-informed general and targeted recommendations addressing the various stakeholders involved in knowledge generation and dissemination to help overcome the problem of dissemination bias on the basis of previously collated evidence. Methods Based on findings from systematic reviews, document analyses and surveys, we developed general and targeted draft recommendations. During a 2-day workshop in summer 2013, these draft recommendations were discussed with external experts and key stakeholders, and refined following a rigorous and transparent methodological approach. Results Four general, overarching recommendations applicable to all or most stakeholder groups were formulated, addressing (1) awareness raising, (2) implementation of targeted recommendations, (3) trial registration and results posting, and (4) systematic approaches to evidence synthesis. These general recommendations are complemented and specified by 47 targeted recommendations tailored towards funding agencies, pharmaceutical and device companies, research institutions, researchers (systematic reviewers and trialists), research ethics committees, trial registries, journal editors and publishers, regulatory agencies, benefit (health technology) assessment institutions and legislators. Conclusions Despite various recent examples of dissemination bias and several initiatives to reduce it, the problem of dissemination bias has not been resolved. Tailored recommendations based on a comprehensive approach will hopefully help increase transparency in biomedical research by overcoming the failure to disseminate negative findings. PMID:25943371

  8. Twenty Eighth International Conference on Information Systems, Montreal 2007 1 BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN BUSINESS STRATEGY AND

    E-print Network

    Seaman, Carolyn

    BETWEEN BUSINESS STRATEGY AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Information Systems Strategy and Governance Victor, an organizational management system will not guarantee or- ganizational success unless the business strategy can Strategy and Governance 2 Twenty Eighth International Conference on Information Systems, Montreal 2007

  9. Strategis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    Strategis is a web site developed by Industry Canada to provide business information resources to Canadian businesses. Resources available include a searchable database of Canadian companies, business information for each sector, a list of business support services, and a guide to business laws and regulation. The International Business Information Network offers information about business opportunities abroad; Trade Data Online provides Canadian and US trade data. A collection of research publications by Industry Canada and monthly economic indicators on the economy are additional economic resources found at this site. Users can view this site in French or English.

  10. Disseminating the Right Information to the Right Audience: Cultural Determinants in the Use (and Misuse) of Rankings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cremonini, Leon; Westerheijden, Don; Enders, Jurgen

    2008-01-01

    Rankings and league tables, or Report Cards (RCs), of Higher Education Institutions have become a global phenomenon. Their purpose, it is claimed, is to help "student-consumers" make informed decisions. Yet the degree to which RCs succeed in helping students in their college choice is disputed. Even though RCs are intended for all, which…

  11. Image Storage and Transmission Systems for the Dissemination of Information, AGARD Conference Proceedings No. 92 (Oslo, Norway, September 9, 1971).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Neuilly-sur-Seine (France). Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development.

    The contents of this proceedings are: An experimental text-access system; Computer aided input of graphic information by keyboarding under visual control of display as applied to chemical structures; Packet switching network; Phototransmission and video storage; Planning and development of computer output on microfilm for a commercial application.…

  12. Collective Decision Making and Successful Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Wellesley T., Jr.; Guttinger, Hellen I.

    1979-01-01

    The dissemination to 125 schools of a secondary individualized reading program created by P. K. Yonge Laboratory School was accomplished by a workshop and by the formation into implementation teams of persons responsible for different levels of decisions. Evaluations support the use of this team-based change strategy. (SJL)

  13. Herpes zoster with dissemination.

    PubMed

    Singal, Archana; Mehta, Shilpa; Pandhi, Deepika

    2006-04-01

    Herpes zoster or shingles is an acute vesico-bullous cutaneous infection characterized by dermatomal distribution, predominantly in adults. Extensive cutaneous dissemination has been reported in immunocompromised patients. However, its existence is documented in immunocompetent individuals as well. We report two children with disseminated herpes zoster, one of whom was immunocompromised secondary to severe mal-nutrition and had associated orbital septal cellulitis. PMID:16651676

  14. Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

    2013-01-01

    Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

  15. Clinical practice guideline dissemination and a new approach using Haddon matrix as a conceptual framework of evidence-based implementation strategies.

    PubMed

    Pang, Peter

    2010-01-01

    To err is human. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are often not followed and lead to adverse outcomes. The issue on implementation of CPG is complex. A review of CPG implementation is done to identify the barriers and enablers. For the first time, a fishbone diagram is used to delineate the root-causes. And Haddon matrix is applied to help understand the complexity of evidence-based implementation (EBI) strategies. PMID:25214934

  16. Clinical practice guideline dissemination and a new approach using Haddon matrix as a conceptual framework of evidence-based implementation strategies

    PubMed Central

    Pang, Peter

    2010-01-01

    To err is human. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are often not followed and lead to adverse outcomes. The issue on implementation of CPG is complex. A review of CPG implementation is done to identify the barriers and enablers. For the first time, a fishbone diagram is used to delineate the root-causes. And Haddon matrix is applied to help understand the complexity of evidence-based implementation (EBI) strategies. PMID:25214934

  17. Electronic Dissemination of Government Publications

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. The first report, from the Government Accounting Office (GAO), studies the impact of providing documents solely in electronic format, and hypothesizes on what could be gained if some of the functions of the GPO were taken over by the Library of Congress.

  18. Vision and Strategy for Campus Enterprise Architecture Information Technology Architecture Committee (ITAC)

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Lucia

    Vision and Strategy for Campus Enterprise Architecture Roadmaps Adopted by Information Technology. Develop a best-practices technology infrastructure for information management and commit the campus functional/business owners as well as information technology staff. Academic and administrative processes

  19. Disseminating and Implementing Trauma-focused CBT in community settings.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Judith; Mannarino, Anthony P

    2008-10-01

    Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is an evidence-based practice (EBP) for children. TF-CBT is being disseminated and implemented through a variety of strategies, including distance learning/ Internet training, live training + ongoing phone consultation, a learning collaborative model, and mixed models. Each dissemination and implementation model is described, examples are provided of how it has been used to spread the TF-CBT model among community clinicians treating traumatized children, and data regarding its use are presented. Quality and quantity of data from these dissemination/ implementation models varies, but overall they supports the effectiveness of both the TF-CBT model in treating traumatized children and a variety of dissemination and implementation models. More research is needed to learn about optimal strategies for disseminating and implementing EST for traumatized children, and to explore novel methodologies (e.g., including training in EST for traumatized children in graduate programs). PMID:18936280

  20. A global strategy of using molecular genetic information to improve genetics in livestock.

    PubMed

    Margawati, E T

    2012-01-01

    Traditional breeding programmes have largely contributed to disseminate the benefits of several quantitative traits in livestock. In developing countries such as Indonesia where animal population scattered throughout the country, it is difficult to invest for molecular research. On the other side, yet, it is worthy asset for breeding purposes. Based on theory and evidence, it has been proved that those scattered population evolved different genetic adaptations in response to a given natural pressure selection. A global strategy can be applied to the use of molecular genetic information for identification of economically important value. The use of genetic markers or more effective of marker-assisted selection (MAS) for desired important traits would be more valuable and useful and even more efficient in important trait selection of superior livestock. DNA marker technology would be very useful when applied for quantitative trait identification. Marker-assisted selection can be used for enhancing conventional breeding and works best for the traits with low heritability such as in reproductive traits and disease resistance. Application of conventional breeding for lower heredity traits would not be efficient because of waiting longer for generation interval, expensive in measurements, more population and more employees needed. Study of quantitative trait loci mapping is early investment to improve genetic merit. It can be performed once but can be used for exploring many genetic traits with economically important values. An effective option is biotechnology application in livestock for the development of genetic varieties such as stress tolerance, growth and carcass traits. Application of biotechnology approaches will enable improvement in productivity, reduction in costs, enrichment of milk compositions and extension of shelf life products. PMID:22212204

  1. The relationship between hospital financial performance and information technology integration strategy selection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yue Xie

    2012-01-01

    In light of the new healthcare regulations, hospitals are increasingly reevaluating their IT integration strategies to meet expanded healthcare information exchange requirements. Nevertheless, hospital executives do not have all the information they need to differentiate between the available strategies and recognize what may better fit their organizational needs. ^ In the interest of providing the desired information, this study explored

  2. Creative Ways of Using and Disseminating Federal Information. Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred and Second Congress, First and Second Sessions, June 19, 1991, February 19 and June 4, 1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture.

    The purpose of the hearings presented in this Congressional document was to highlight the enterprising, inventive, and imaginative ways that people use public information and ways that agencies disseminate it. Witnesses were called who could provide information about: (1) how federal data is used by people who make genuine contributions to the…

  3. School Dropouts: Education Could Play a Stronger Role in Identifying and Disseminating Promising Prevention Strategies. Report to the Honorable Jim Gibbons, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaul, Marnie S.

    This report examines national and regional dropout rate trends; factors associated with dropping out; efforts these factors; and federal efforts to reduce dropout rates. Information came from interviews with National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) officials; review of NCES data and reports by dropout prevention experts; site visits at…

  4. Validity, not Dissemination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitra, Samindranath

    2015-03-01

    Science journals have been transformed by the internet. In particular, increasingly their role appears to be to validate research, not to disseminate it. How are journals, and the communities they interact with, adapting? In this context, are alternatives to peer review on the horizon? Are these challenges unique to physics journals, or also seen in other publication scenarios?

  5. 78 FR 11858 - Applications for New Awards; Arts in Education Model Development and Dissemination Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-20

    ...EDUCATION Applications for New Awards; Arts in Education Model Development and Dissemination...Overview Information Arts in Education Model Development and Dissemination...Opportunity Description Purpose of Program: The Arts in Education Model Development and...

  6. WEAK STACKELBERG STRATEGY WITH CLOSED-LOOP INFORMATION STRUCTURE

    E-print Network

    optimization problems. The lower level decision maker, called the follower, selects a strategy optimizing his/her own objective function, depending on the strategy of the upper level decision maker, called the leader. The leader may decide his/her strategy, optimizing his/her objective function, relative to the decisions

  7. Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology. Testimony before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Jack L., Jr.

    This testimony discusses ways in which some federal government agencies use technology to provide the public with cheaper, faster access to a wider range of information which can be searched and manipulated in ways never possible on the printed page. Technologies included in the discussion are compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM), electronic…

  8. NATIONAL TIME AND FREQUENCY STANDARD DISSEMINATION SYSTEM IN ICT ERA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    AKIHIKO MACHIZAWA; TSUKASA IWAMA; HARUO SAITO; TADAHIRO GOTOH; HIROSHI TORIYAMA; MIZUHIKO HOSOKAWA

    We are developing a new national time and frequency standard dissemination system by using information and communications technology (ICT). This is called TFDN (Time and Frequency Dissemination system via Network). The TFDN is a compact and all-in-one system which automatically compares time, calibrates a local oscillator, and supplies time and frequency. A local clock in the TFDN is calibrated by

  9. A Comparative Study of Data Dissemination Models for VANETs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tamer Nadeem; Pravin Shankar; Liviu Iftode

    2006-01-01

    VANETs (vehicular ad hoc networks) are emerging as a new network environment for intelligent transportation systems. Many of the applications built for VANETs will depend on the data push communication model, where information is disseminated to a group of vehicles. In this paper, we present a formal model of data dissemination in VANETs and study how VANET characteristics, specifically the

  10. 77 FR 47361 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-08

    ...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

  11. 77 FR 41370 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-13

    ...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

  12. Florida Dissemination Capacity Building Grant. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhn, G. Michael

    This report describes the goals, objectives, activities, and accomplishments of the Florida Capacity Building Project, which was undertaken to improve the information dissemination capabilities of the Florida educational community and which resulted in the establishment of the Florida Resources in Education Exchange (FREE). A detailed statement of…

  13. On Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System

    E-print Network

    On Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System Steven M the use of data fusion techniques. Although these improvements have been observed from the fusion effective retrieval strategies in the same information retrieval system. From this, we show that data fusion

  14. Factors Influencing the Implementation of Information Systems Security Strategies in Organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atif Ahmad; Anthonie B. Ruighaver

    2010-01-01

    Many organizations still rely on deterrence to control insider threats and on purely preventive strategies to control outsider threats. Such a simple approach to organizational information security is no longer viable given the increasing operational sophistication of current security threat agents and the complexity of information technology infrastructure. Effective implementation of security requires organizations to select a combination of strategies

  15. Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Meng-Jung

    2009-01-01

    This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

  16. Marketing of Information in the Water Sector in Tanzania: A Strategy for MAJIDOC.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michael, Benedict P.

    1992-01-01

    Outlines a strategy for marketing the information products and services of the Water and Sanitation Information and Documentation Centre (MAJIDOC) of the Water Resources Institute in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Objectives of the marketing strategy are explained, ideas for internal and external promotion are described, and a budget plan is included.…

  17. Challenges and Opportunities of Information Technology in the 90s. Track I: Planning and Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

    Seven papers from the 1990 CAUSE conference's Track 1, Planning and Strategy, are presented. They discuss approaches to information technology strategies which are commensurate with an institution's mission and strategic directions. Papers and their authors are as follows: "Future Directions in Higher Education: A CIO's (Chief Information Officer)…

  18. Climate change and standing freshwaters: informing adaptation strategies for conservation at

    E-print Network

    Hammerton, James

    Climate change and standing freshwaters: informing adaptation strategies for conservation received 26 July 2012 Climate change will have a major impact on freshwater environments globally and producing well-informed climate change adaptation strategies is a priority. Links between climate, hydrology

  19. Disseminated vaccinia false alarm.

    PubMed

    Peev, Milan; Weber, Steven G; Daum, Robert S; Garcia-Houchinss, Sylvia; Marcinak, John

    2003-10-01

    We report the case of a 6-year-old girl who presented in December 2002 with fever and a vesicular rash. Initially she was diagnosed with Stevens-Johnson syndrome. The differential diagnosis was expanded, however, when an exposure to a person who was believed to be vaccinated recently against smallpox was revealed. We describe the sequence of events that ensued and the workup for a possible case of disseminated virus. PMID:14579813

  20. Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

    2012-01-01

    Sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free…

  1. Information Literacy: Search Strategies, Tools & Resources. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ercegovac, Zorana; Yamasaki, Erika

    Information literacy, or the ability to seek and effectively utilize information resources, has become a critical tool in the Information Age. Community colleges, as gateways to higher education, have an important role in equipping students with this ability to access and utilize information. The increasing importance of information skills has…

  2. WERS98 Data Dissemination Service

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Website, brought online last month, is designed to help users with access to and analysis of data from the 1998 Workplace Employee Relations Survey (WERS98) of Great Britain. WERS maps the patterns of employment relations practice in Britain, monitors changes in such practices over time, and provides assessments of the effects of public policy. In addition to providing a link to the raw data from WERS at the University of Essex, the Data Dissemination site offers copies of the surveys and interview scripts from WERS, an Introductory Guide to the Analysis of WERS98, data tabulations, a list of related publications and links, and access to a WERS user group, allowing teachers, students, and researchers to exchange information concerning data analysis. The site is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

  3. A Retrospective on Information, Strategy, and Economics: After 20 Years at HICSS, What Have We Learned about IT and Strategy?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric K. Clemons

    2007-01-01

    In its twenty years the mini-track on information, strategy, and economics has made considerable pro- gress in developing theory that can serve as the basis for decision-making when managers face ambiguous and uncertain problems in an unfamiliar and rapidly changing environment. Just as scientists in other disciplines use experience and a small set of paradigmatic problems to structure unfamiliar situa-

  4. Recurrent disseminated vasculomyelinopathy.

    PubMed

    Poser, C M; Román, G; Emery, E S

    1978-03-01

    The monosymptomatic (recurrent infantile hemiplegia) and the polysymptomatic forms of disseminated vasculomyelinopathy that follow various infections and antigenic challenge to the nervous system were seen in two cases. These cases emphasize the importance of vasculopathy as the initial and obligatory component of the postinfectious and postimmunization neurologic syndromes as well as the clinical and pathological variability of the secondary effects on the nervous system. Recurrent infantile hemiplegia occurred in the first patient. In the second patient, after two episodes of postinfectious myelinoclastic encephalopathy, concurrent acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalopathy and an acute Guillain-Barré syndrome following swine flu vaccination developed. PMID:629662

  5. Communicating Research to Small Drinking Water Systems: Dissemination by Researchers

    EPA Science Inventory

    This talk discusses the challenges of disseminating research relevant to small systems. The presentation discusses efforts by the U.S. EPA’s Office of Research and Development to effectively communicating drinking water information. In particular, communication approaches ...

  6. Business flight simulators in the framework of information strategy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniela Beer

    2010-01-01

    The present trend of information technology makes it possible to simulate economic process courses and results very well. The simulation by itself does not replace reality but substantially improves quality. Company information systems often abound in data and information overloading. Sometimes nobody uses them and the information system does not work as a whole. For better understanding and company integration

  7. Strategies for Information Systems Evaluation Six Generic Types

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Cronholm; Göran Goldkuhl

    The aim of this paper is to contribute to the decision of how to perform evaluation depending on the evaluation context. Three general strategies of how to perform evaluation are identified: Goal-free evaluation, goal-based and criteria-based evaluation. Two general strategies of what to evaluate are identified: IT-system as such and IT-system in use. From the three \\

  8. Communicating about the risks and benefits of genetically modified foods. Effects of different information strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn Frewer; Joachim Scholderer; Clive Downs; Lone Bredahl

    2000-01-01

    The research reported here aimed to investigate the effects of different types of information about genetically modified foods on both consumer attitudes towards genetic modification and their tendency to choose genetically modified products (compared to more traditionally manufactured alternatives). The impact of information strategy (balanced, or product specific), attributed information source (The “European Association of Consumers”, the “European Association of

  9. A Pragmatic Information Extraction Strategy for Gathering Data on Genetic Interactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denys Proux; François Rechenmann; Laurent Julliard

    2000-01-01

    We present in this paper a pragmatic strategy to perform information extraction from biologic texts. Since the emergence of the information extraction field, techniques have evolved, become more robust and proved their efficiency on specific domains. We are using a combination of existing linguistic and knowledge processing tools to automatically extract information about gene interactions in the literature. Our ultimate

  10. Integrating network structure and dynamic information for better routing strategy on scale-free networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Xiao-Gai; Wong, Eric W. M.; Wu, Zhi-Xi

    2009-06-01

    We study information packet routing processes on scale-free networks by mimicking the Internet traffic delivery strategies. We incorporate both the global network structure information and local queuing information in the dynamic processes. We propose several new routing strategies to guide the packet routing. The performance of the routing strategies is measured by the average transit time of the packets as well as their dependence on the traffic amount. We find that the routing strategies which integrate both global network structure information and local dynamic information perform much better than the traditional shortest-path routing protocol which takes into account only the global topological information. Moreover, from comparative studies of these routing strategies, we observe that some of our proposed methods can decrease the average transit time of packets but the performance is closely dependent on the total amount of traffic while some other proposed methods can have good performance independent of the total amount of traffic with hyper-excellent average transit time of packets. Also, numerical results show that our proposed methods integrating network structure information and local dynamic information can work much better than the methods recently proposed in [S. Sreenivasan, R. Cohen, E. López, Z. Toroczkai, H.E. Stanley, Phys. Rev. E 75 (2007) 036105, Zhi-Xi Wu, Gang Peng, Eric W.M. Wong, Kai-Hau Yeung, J. Stat. Mech. (2008) P11002.], which only considered network structure information.

  11. College Students and Algebra Story Problems: Strategies for Identifying Relevant Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Joan Littlefield

    2006-01-01

    College students' strategies to discriminate relevant from irrelevant information in algebra story problems were identified and compared to strategies used by younger students in previous studies. College students identified numbers relevant for solution (Experiment 1) or provided verbal reports as they computed answers (Experiment 2). Type of…

  12. Credit for What? Informal Credit as a Coping Strategy of Market Women in Northern Ghana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kati Schindler

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the use of informal credit as a strategy for managing risks by market women in northern Ghana. A broad concept of the costs of risk management strategies is introduced and encompasses both a time and monetary dimension. Based on qualitative data, the analysis reveals that market women invest a considerable amount of time in maintaining complex networks

  13. Knowledge revision in systems based on an informed tree search strategy: application to cartographic generalisation

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge revision in systems based on an informed tree search strategy: application. The principle of this kind of strategy is to use problem-specific knowledge beyond the definition of the problem to define problem-specific knowledge (heuristics). The efficiency and the effectiveness of systems based

  14. A Systematic Instructional Design Strategy Derived from Information-Processing Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Margaret E.

    1981-01-01

    Recommends an instructional design strategy derived from information processing theory and research which would include the planned presentation of retrieval events and encourage learners to manage some aspects of their own learning. Twelve references are listed. (MER)

  15. Building an information security strategy for EHR: guidelines for assessing the current situation.

    PubMed

    Mohammad, Yara; Stergioulas, Lampros

    2010-01-01

    This paper is looking at electronic health record (EHR) systems and their information security strategy. It focuses on the first step of building an information security strategy which is analysing the current situation of an EHR system. This research is based on different research methods applied to different EHR systems. In this paper we define eight elements that can be used as guidelines for how best to assess the current situation of any EHR system. PMID:21097083

  16. Probabilistic aggregation for data dissemination in VANETs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Lochert; Björn Scheuermann; Martin Mauve

    2007-01-01

    We propose an algorithm for the hierarchical aggregation of ob- servations in dissemination-based, distributed traffic information systems. Instead of carrying specific values (e.g., the number of free parking places in a given area), our aggregates contain a mod- ified Flajolet-Martin sketch as a probabilistic approximation. The main advantage of this approach is that the aggregates are dupli- cate insensitive. This

  17. European Seminar: "New Training Models and Strategies for SMEs in Europe" (Valencia, Spain, October 4-5, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Girones, Salvador Gil, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    A seminar disseminated and discussed the findings of a study carried out on the problems of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in accessing training and the support strategies applied in the 12 member states of European Community. Input was solicited from experts regarding the priorities of 11 strategies. Organizers used this information to…

  18. Strategy and Structure in Information-Intensive Markets: The Relationship Between Marketing and IT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rashi Glazer

    1997-01-01

    This paper discusses the relationship between the traditionalfunctions of Marketing and Information Technology (IT) from theperspective of the emerging “information-intensive” marketsthat characterize the environment faced by most modern organizations.First, a conceptual framework is presented for understandingthe range of information-intensive strategies (built aroundexploiting the Customer Information File as the key corporateasset) that are increasingly the determinants of competitivesuccess. Next, the appropriate

  19. Reentrant phase transitions and defensive alliances in social dilemmas with informed strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szolnoki, Attila; Perc, Matjaž

    2015-05-01

    Knowing the strategy of an opponent in a competitive environment conveys obvious evolutionary advantages. But this information is costly, and the benefit of being informed may not necessarily offset the additional cost. Here we introduce social dilemmas with informed strategies, and we show that this gives rise to two cyclically dominant triplets that form defensive alliances. The stability of these two alliances is determined by the rotation velocity of the strategies within each triplet. A weaker strategy in a faster rotating triplet can thus overcome an individually stronger competitor. Fascinating spatial patterns favor the dominance of a single defensive alliance, but enable also the stable coexistence of both defensive alliances in very narrow regions of the parameter space. A continuous reentrant phase transition reveals before unseen complexity behind the stability of strategic alliances in evolutionary social dilemmas.

  20. Reentrant phase transitions and defensive alliances in social dilemmas with informed strategies

    E-print Network

    Szolnoki, Attila

    2015-01-01

    Knowing the strategy of an opponent in a competitive environment conveys obvious evolutionary advantages. But this information is costly, and the benefit of being informed may not necessarily offset the additional cost. Here we introduce social dilemmas with informed strategies, and we show that this gives rise to two cyclically dominant triplets that form defensive alliances. The stability of these two alliances is determined by the rotation velocity of the strategies within each triplet. A weaker strategy in a faster rotating triplet can thus overcome an individually stronger competitor. Fascinating spatial patterns favor the dominance of a single defensive alliance, but enable also the stable coexistence of both defensive alliances in very narrow regions of the parameter space. A continuous reentrant phase transition reveals before unseen complexity behind the stability of strategic alliances in evolutionary social dilemmas.

  1. How Is Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Treated?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the NHLBI on Twitter. How Is Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Treated? Treatment for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) depends ... and treat the underlying cause. Acute Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation People who have acute DIC may have severe ...

  2. Security Strategy for Mobile Police Information System Using SMS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rongyu He; Zheng Qin; Fei Wang; Chaowen Chang; Xi Qin

    2009-01-01

    As the well-developed civilian wireless network infrastructure was built and the mobile devices becoming increasingly widespread,\\u000a many mobile police information systems were established to provide information for police anywhere and anytime. The (SMS)\\u000a Short Message Service is a widely used communication means in these applications. But lacking of security for SMS makes it\\u000a unsuitable for transmitting these confidential data. In

  3. Prototype Matching and Striving for Future-Selves: Information Management Strategies in the Transition to College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brower, Aaron M.

    1997-01-01

    Analyzes the sequence of decisions students make in their transition to college, and finds six distinct time periods in the formal process that students go through. This decision-making process can be described using information management strategies of "prototype-matching" and "striving-for-future-selves." Argues colleges can use this information

  4. Classical Deception Techniques and Perception Management vs. the Four Strategies of Information Warfare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Kopp

    The use of deception techniques for intelligence operations, strategic and tactical deception in war, politics, business and media manipulation is well established and well documented. This paper analyses established deception techniques in the context of the four canonical strategies of Information Warfare, to establish an information theoretical and game theoretical framework for future modelling and analysis.

  5. Predictive driving strategies under urban conditions for reducing fuel consumption based on vehicle environment information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Raubitschek; Nico Schutze; Evgeny Kozlov; Bernard Baker

    2011-01-01

    This brief deals with the improvement of a vehicle's pass-through of predictively known urban driving situations concerning its fuel consumption. Today's technology enables the prediction of information about traffic events. This information can be used to identify efficient driving strategies. The main aim is to reduce the dynamics in the velocity profiles of driving situations and with it the corresponding

  6. A Hybrid, PDE-ODE Control Strategy for Intercepting an Intelligent, Well-Informed Target

    E-print Network

    Masoud, Ahmad A.

    . Some of these issues are: coping with ambiguity and incomplete information about the environmentA Hybrid, PDE-ODE Control Strategy for Intercepting an Intelligent, Well-Informed Target view, which significantly differs from the first one, stresses that the assets under the disposal

  7. A Regional Information System Strategy for the Caribbean for the Year 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durrant, Fay

    This document outlines the proposals for a regional information system strategy resulting from a project undertaken by the Caribbean Community Secretariat and the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Sub-regional Headquarters for the Caribbean. The document covers: (1) the role of information in the development…

  8. MITS Policies & Procedures 1/16/12 Master of Information Technology Strategy Policies & Procedures

    E-print Network

    Tague, Patrick

    Data and Analytics, Decision Science and Policy, Information Security, Software Engineering (3 courses/36 units) from one of the five relevant areas (Big Data and Analytics, Decision Science in each of the five areas relevant to Information Technology Strategy. The five areas are comprised of Big

  9. Fusion of effective retrieval strategies in the same information retrieval system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven M. Beitzel; Eric C. Jensen; Abdur Chowdhury; David A. Grossman; Ophir Frieder; Nazli Goharian

    2004-01-01

    Prior efforts have shown that under certain situations, retrieval effectiveness may be improved via the use of data fusion techniques. Although these improvements have been observed from the fusion of result sets from several distinct information retrieval systems, it has often been thought that fusing different document retrieval strategies in a single information retrieval system will lead to similar improvements.

  10. Learning User Profiles for Personalized Informat ion Dissemination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ah-Hwee Tan; Christine Teo; Heng Mui Keng

    1998-01-01

    Personalized information systems represent the recent effort of delivering information to users more effectively in the modern electronic age. This paper illustrates how a supervised Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) system, known as fuzzy ARAM, can be used to learn user pro- files for personalized information dissemination. ARAM learning is on-line, fast, and incremental. Acquisition of new knowledge does not require

  11. Informing Severely III Patients: Needs, Shortcomings and Strategies for Improvement

    PubMed Central

    Strohbuecker, Barbara; Gaertner, Jan; Stock, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    Summary The scope of palliative care has expanded gradually over the last decade. Provision of palliative care is not restricted to the last months of life as in some out-dated concepts. It addresses the needs of severely ill patients in all care settings (in- and outpatients, home care, hospices). Particularly in the last years, the value of integrating palliative care early in the disease trajectory of life-threatening and incurable diseases has become increasingly acknowledged. In order for patients to fully benefit from the concept of early integration of palliative care, they need to be provided with information tailored to their disease trajectory. For example, patients and relatives need to know how symptoms such as pain, depression, fatigue, breathlessness, or anxiety can be alleviated. The patients’ knowledge and understanding will support the coping process, improve comfort and enhance patient participation and autonomy. Since information needs are highly individual and vary throughout the course of the disease, an interactive approach of assessing the patients’ needs and responding to them adequately is mandatory. In this article, the information needs of advanced cancer patients and their families are explained, shortcomings of the present information concepts are discussed, and an integrative approach to responding to patients’ information needs throughout the care pathway is advocated. PMID:21547020

  12. Recent Strategies for Retrieving Chemical Structure Information on the Web.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lo, Mei Ling

    1997-01-01

    Various methods for retrieving chemical structure information on the World Wide Web are discussed. Although graphical plug-in programs provide more search capabilities, users first have to obtain a copy of the programs. Tripos's WebSketch and ACD Interactive Lab adopt a different approach; using JAVA applets, users create and display a structure…

  13. Career Goals and Career Management Strategy among Information Technology Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Patrick Chang Boon

    2002-01-01

    Responses from 309 of 2,000 information technology professionals showed the aspirations of the majority were in traditional managerial or technical career paths. A growing number aspire to technoentrepreneurship. The ability to plan and strategize their own careers was an important factor in career satisfaction. (29 references) (SK)

  14. Make It Real: Strategies for Success with Informational Texts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyt, Linda

    This book provides a practical classroom guide to unlocking the treasures of informational texts. It also aims to demonstrate that reading and writing nonfiction can overcome the gender gap, allowing girls and boys to share interests in any subject from bugs and magnets to gardens and cake baking. It explains the use of a range of instructional…

  15. Formulating information systems risk management strategies through cultural theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aggeliki Tsohou; Maria Karyda; Spyros Kokolakis; Evangelos A. Kiountouzis

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential of cultural theory as a tool for identifying patterns in the stakeholders' perception of risk and its effect on information system (IS) risk management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Risk management involves a number of human activities which are based on the way the various stakeholders perceive risk associated with IS

  16. Strategies of English Independent Learning Ability Based on Information Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhang Mei

    2009-01-01

    With the rapid development of information technology, the goal of English teaching varies from focusing on the master of language knowledge to attending the human education, and emphasizing the cultivation of independent learning ability and lifelong learning ability. The original method of teaching and learning is not suitable for the need of the cultivating the independent learning ability in the

  17. An effective and efficient results merging strategy for multilingual information retrieval in federated search environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luo Si; Jamie Callan; Suleyman Cetintas; Hao Yuan

    2008-01-01

    Multilingual information retrieval is generally understood to mean the retrieval of relevant information in multiple target\\u000a languages in response to a user query in a single source language. In a multilingual federated search environment, different\\u000a information sources contain documents in different languages. A general search strategy in multilingual federated search environments\\u000a is to translate the user query to each language

  18. Research on Resource-Based Management Information System Competencies and Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qing Chen; Huiping Cheng

    2008-01-01

    Management information system (MIS) is charged with improving the performance of organizations and people through the use of information technology. This paper focuses on resource-based management information system competencies and strategies. First, from a resource-based perspective, MIS resources that are inimitable and valuable can be rent-yielding. MIS resources can be divided into three broad categories - human, technological, and relationship

  19. Disseminated Mastocytosis in a Dog

    PubMed Central

    Pukay, B. P.

    1984-01-01

    A 13 year old neutered female crossbred Poodle with disseminated mastocytosis was treated with systemic glucocorticoids and antibiotics. The diagnosis was made postmortem, based on histopathological findings. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 3. PMID:17422452

  20. Information Strategies and Energy Conservation Behavior: A Meta-analysis of Experimental Studies from 1975-2012

    E-print Network

    Delmas, Magali A.; Fischlein, Miriam; Asensio, Omar I.

    2013-01-01

    world, there are new and exciting opportunities to test information-based strategies for energy conservation.strategies. Energy use accounts for 40% of greenhouse gases across the world and effective conservation

  1. Information Strategies and Energy Conservation Behavior: A Meta-analysis of Experimental Studies from 1975-2011

    E-print Network

    Delmas, Magali; Fischlein, Miriam; Asensio, Omar

    2013-01-01

    world, there are new and exciting opportunities to test information-based strategies for energy conservation.strategies. Energy use accounts for 40% of greenhouse gases across the world and effective conservation

  2. Information strategies and energy conservation behavior: A meta-analysis of experimental studies from 1975 to 2012

    E-print Network

    Delmas, MA; Fischlein, M; Asensio, OI

    2013-01-01

    strategies. Energy use accounts for 40% of greenhouse gases across the world and effective conservationworld, there are new and exciting opportunities to test information-based strategies for energy conservation.

  3. The Information Seeking Strategies of High School Science Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lumpe, Andrew T.; Butler, Kyle

    2002-08-01

    This study focused on the use of the Artemis web-based interface http://artemis.goknow.com/artemis/index.adp). This program provides a digital library for students to search, organise, and evaluation science information related to project-based investigations. The primary feature of the Artemis interface is a focused search tool. Key scaffolding features in Artemis include the collections of web sites, driving question folders, a persistent workspace for notes, cataloging of past search results, and the viewing of sites shared by other students. The primary goal of this study was to describe high school science students' use of the scaffolding features embedded in the Artemis interface. The researchers were interested in identifying the scaffolding features students use and describing how they use them in the context of finding science information related to investigations. In addition, to look at scaffolding interaction, relationships between feature use and student learning were examined. The context of this study was a four-week science investigation conducted by 43 high school biology students. Students worked in dyads to answer driving questions related to their topics of study (e.g., What do the conditions need to be in order for green algae to survive?). It was found that students relied heavily upon Organisational Feature scaffolds (persistent workspace) to help them organise information that was ultimately used by the students to produce domain specific artifacts. In addition, students spent much of their time conducting searches and saving results. However, classroom performance success was only significantly correlated with the use of Organizational Feature scaffolds - scaffolding features that students use to create driving questions, write notes about the information they found as a result of their searches, and keep track of their investigations. No other search tool used by the students possessed this important scaffolding feature. The students did not automatically use Collaborative Features - scaffolding features hypothesised to be powerful cognitive tools.

  4. The Information Seeking Strategies of High School Science Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew T. Lumpe; Kyle Butler

    2002-01-01

    This study focused on the use of the Artemis web-based interface http:\\/\\/artemis.goknow.com\\/artemis\\/index.adp). This program provides a digital library for students to search, organise, and evaluation science information related to project-based investigations. The primary feature of the Artemis interface is a focused search tool. Key scaffolding features in Artemis include the collections of web sites, driving question folders, a persistent workspace

  5. Information beyond the forum: Motivations, strategies, and impacts of citizen participants seeking information during a consensus conference.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Ashley A; Delborne, Jason; Kleinman, Daniel Lee

    2013-11-01

    During traditional consensus conferences, organizers control the formal information available to participants-by compiling structured background materials and recruiting expert panelists. Less formally, however, participants are encouraged to bring their own experiences into the deliberations, and in doing so, they often seek outside information. We explore this heretofore understudied phenomenon of information seeking during a deliberative event: the U.S. National Citizens' Technology Forum (2008), which addressed the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science on the potential development of human-enhancement technologies. Through interviews with participants and observation of in-person and online deliberations, we identify outside information-seeking strategies and motivations. Our study demonstrates that conceptualizing models of deliberation as standalone settings of communication exchange ignores the reality of the complex information environment from which deliberative participants draw when making sense of technical issues. Future citizen deliberations must incorporate outside information seeking in the design of the exercises. PMID:23825244

  6. Dissemination of Student Research in a Canadian Master of Science in Physical Therapy Programme

    PubMed Central

    O'Brien, Kelly; Evans, Cathy; Yoshida, Karen

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the extent of presentation and publication, as well as time to publication, of student research completed as a component of a Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MScPT) degree at a Canadian university. Method: The authors conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of MScPT research projects completed between 2003 and 2009, each undertaken by a group of MScPT students who carried out protocol development, ethics submission, data collection, analysis, and manuscript and poster preparation under the supervision of research advisors. Research advisors were e-mailed a request for citations of presentations and publications. Results: Advisors from 102 of 113 research projects completed from 2003 through 2009 provided information, for a response rate of 90.3%. Of the 102 groups, 53.9% disseminated findings through publication or presentation, 33.3% presented at one or more conferences, and 30.4% published at least one peer-reviewed journal article. Median time to publication was 21 months. Almost half the journal articles (47%) were published in Physiotherapy Canada. Conclusions: MScPT student research groups are disseminating their findings through publication or presentation at a moderate rate. Investigation of factors influencing dissemination is needed to develop strategies to facilitate knowledge transfer. PMID:24403678

  7. INVITATION TO PRAGUE SUMMER SCHOOLS 2013 We would like to thank everyone who helped us to disseminate the information about Prague Summer Schools last

    E-print Network

    Schindelhauer, Christian

    information on its academics, factulty, schedule, logistics, alumni feedback, and application process. Early for your cooperation. We look forward to receiveng applications from interested students. Egle Havrdova, Ph

  8. Data Dissemination in Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-print Network

    Rehmani, Mubashir Husain

    2011-01-01

    In this report, we first describe the problem that we are dealing with i.e. data dissemination in multi-hop cognitive radio networks. To address this problem, we propose a channel selection strategy named 'SURF'. We evaluate the proposed channel selection strategy in both single-hop and multi-hop scenarios and compared it with relevant approaches. So far, one technical report and a poster is published as part of this work, while two publications are under review; one is in IEEE Communications Letters and the second one is in IEEE WoWMoM conference. In on-going works sections, we first mention some possible directions in the context of SURF. In addition to that, we mention different research problems that we are planning to deal during the course of this PhD dissertation.

  9. Determination of the Consistency of Relevance Judgments and the Reliability of Search Strategies Among Information Specialists for the Aerospace Materials Information Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheffler, F. L.; March, J. F.

    The ability of various Aerospace Materials Information Center (AMIC) information specialists to prepare search strategies for document retrieval was studied by providing ten typical search request statements to seven information specialists. Each specialist prepared search strategies independently. Significant variations occurred among the…

  10. Use of a program-specific website to disseminate surveillance data obtained from the Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection (MYSTIC) Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip J. Turner

    2005-01-01

    The Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection (MYSTIC) Program is a multicenter, longitudinal surveillance study initiated in 1997 that compares the activity of meropenem and comparator antimicrobials in centers that are actively prescribing meropenem. Antimicrobial surveillance programs, such as MYSTIC, provide important information on the emergence of bacterial resistance and the nature of the underlying mechanisms in different geographical regions.

  11. Cancer classification: Mutual information, target network and strategies of therapy

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Cancer therapy is a challenging research area because side effects often occur in chemo and radiation therapy. We intend to study a multi-targets and multi-components design that will provide synergistic results to improve efficiency of cancer therapy. Methods We have developed a general methodology, AMFES (Adaptive Multiple FEature Selection), for ranking and selecting important cancer biomarkers based on SVM (Support Vector Machine) classification. In particular, we exemplify this method by three datasets: a prostate cancer (three stages), a breast cancer (four subtypes), and another prostate cancer (normal vs. cancerous). Moreover, we have computed the target networks of these biomarkers as the signatures of the cancers with additional information (mutual information between biomarkers of the network). Then, we proposed a robust framework for synergistic therapy design approach which includes varies existing mechanisms. Results These methodologies were applied to three GEO datasets: GSE18655 (three prostate stages), GSE19536 (4 subtypes breast cancers) and GSE21036 (prostate cancer cells and normal cells) shown in. We selected 96 biomarkers for first prostate cancer dataset (three prostate stages), 72 for breast cancer (luminal A vs. luminal B), 68 for breast cancer (basal-like vs. normal-like), and 22 for another prostate cancer (cancerous vs. normal. In addition, we obtained statistically significant results of mutual information, which demonstrate that the dependencies among these biomarkers can be positive or negative. Conclusions We proposed an efficient feature ranking and selection scheme, AMFES, to select an important subset from a large number of features for any cancer dataset. Thus, we obtained the signatures of these cancers by building their target networks. Finally, we proposed a robust framework of synergistic therapy for cancer patients. Our framework is not only supported by real GEO datasets but also aim to a multi-targets/multi-components drug design tool, which improves the traditional single target/single component analysis methods. This framework builds a computational foundation which can provide a clear classification of cancers and lead to an efficient cancer therapy. PMID:23031749

  12. From the laboratory to the therapy room: National dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System.

    PubMed

    Karlin, Bradley E; Cross, Gerald

    2014-01-01

    Despite their established efficacy and recommendation--often as first-line treatments--in clinical practice guidelines, evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) have largely failed to make their way into mainstream clinical settings. Numerous attempts over the years to promote the translation of EBPs from science to practice, typically relying on one-dimensional dissemination approaches, have yielded limited success. As part of the transformation of its mental health care system, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is working to disseminate and implement a number of EBPs for various mental and behavioral health conditions throughout the VA health care system. This article examines VHA's multidimensional model and specific strategies, involving policy, provider, local systems, patient, and accountability levels, for promoting the national dissemination and implementation of EBPs in VHA. In addition, the article identifies key lessons learned and next steps for further promoting EBP delivery and sustainability in the VA health care system. Beyond promoting the availability of effective treatments for veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan and for veterans of previous combat eras, VHA's EBP dissemination and implementation model and key lessons learned may help to inform other private and public health care systems interested in disseminating and implementing EBPs. PMID:24001035

  13. Jabs and barbs: ways to address misleading vaccination and immunisation information using currently available strategies.

    PubMed

    Wardle, Jon; Stewart, Cameron; Parker, Malcolm

    2013-09-01

    Misleading vaccination information undermines confidence in vaccination and may lead to reductions in the effectiveness of vaccination programs. A number of regulatory techniques can be employed to challenge the spread of false information, including health care complaints, therapeutic goods laws, consumer protection laws and professional discipline. This article examines three case studies involving the publication of anti-vaccination information by non-professionally aligned organisations, by non-registered health professionals, and by registered health professionals under the National Law. The article examines the effectiveness of different regulatory responses and makes suggestions for future strategies to deal with the publication of demonstrably false information regarding vaccination. PMID:24218789

  14. Efficient Dissemination of Transaction-Consistent Data in Broadcast Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheng-ru Young; Ge-ming Chiu

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we present a novel protocol for disseminating data in broadcast environments such that view consistency, a useful correctness criterion for broadcast environments, is guaranteed. Our protocol is based on concurrency control information that is constructed by the server and is broadcasted at the beginning of each broadcast cycle. The concurrency control information mainly captures read-from relations among

  15. A Recap of the Sixth Nationwide Vocational Education Dissemination Conference: Disseminating for Tomorrow's Voc Ed. The Proceedings (Columbus, Ohio, November 15-17, 1983).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Norman M., Comp.; And Others

    This document reviews the activities of a conference on "Disseminating for Tomorrow's Voc Ed." The conference featured tools, techniques, information, examples that can be used to promote good dissemination, use of research, and developmental results. Considerable emphasis at the conference was given to topics and activities related to…

  16. Using first nations children's perceptions of food and activity to inform an obesity prevention strategy.

    PubMed

    Pigford, Ashlee-Ann E; Willows, Noreen D; Holt, Nicholas L; Newton, Amanda S; Ball, Geoff D C

    2012-07-01

    Obesity and associated health risks disproportionately affect Aboriginal (First Nations) children in Canada. The purpose of this research study was to elicit First Nations children's perceptions of food, activity, and health to inform a community-based obesity prevention strategy. Fifteen 4th- and 5th-Grade students participated in one of three focus group interviews that utilized drawing and pile-sorting activities. We used an ecological lens to structure our findings. Analyses revealed that a variety of interdependent sociocultural factors influenced children's perceptions. Embedded within a cultural/traditional worldview, children indicated a preference for foods and activities from both contemporary Western and traditional cultures, highlighted family members as their main sources of health information, and described information gaps in their health education. Informed by children's perspectives, these findings offer guidance for developing an obesity prevention strategy for First Nations children in this community. PMID:22645224

  17. The Impact of Outsourcing Strategies on Information Systems Capabilities in the Hotel Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomás F. Espino-Rodríguez; Antonia M. Gil-Padilla

    2007-01-01

    This work analyses the strategy of outsourcing information systems and information technology (IS\\/IT), considering the different activities comprising the IS\\/IT area. The literature on IS contains numerous works that analyse outsourcing, very few of which examine the relationship with the different types of capabilities in the IS\\/IT area and their strategic value. Most works centre on the motives for, and

  18. Informing a strategy for Deep Argo temperature observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garry, Freya; Roberts, Chris; McDonagh, Elaine; Blaker, Adam

    2015-04-01

    The ocean has the largest available capacity for heat uptake in the Earth's climate system. However, sparse and infrequent measurements of ocean temperatures below 2000 m limit our ability to observe deep ocean heat content changes and therefore close the global heat budget. Recent analyses of surface temperatures and ocean heat content variability have suggested that variations in ocean heat uptake may have played a role in the recent `hiatus' in surface temperature trends. Such results highlight the importance of improved estimates of top-to-bottom ocean heat content changes to progress our understanding of internal climate variability and advance projection capability for future climate change and sea level rise. We present results from state of the art climate model experiments that inform the optimal design of a deep ocean observing system of automated floats that repeatedly sample to either 4000 or 6000 m and transmit data via satellite (a deep water extension of the current core Argo array). Using long control simulations and forced experiments, we consider to what depths and in which regions we need observations to effectively capture internal variability of temperature in the oceans and emergent signals of climate change. Our results highlight the continuing importance of the core Argo array (to 2000 m) for measuring total ocean heat content variability accurately (with associated implications for climate prediction and sea level rise estimates). In forced scenarios we find additional deep ocean sampling below 2000 m is essential in most ocean basins to accurately estimate total ocean heat content changes, but monitoring in the Atlantic and Southern Ocean is most critical. In a likely future forced scenario, regions for additional sub-2000 m sampling are the Indian Ocean and southern/westerly Pacific Ocean. Model estimates suggest that over the next century, global sampling to 4000 m would offer a ~10% improvement on the percentage of total ocean heat content variability captured compared to global sampling to 2000 m. Analysis of model output indicate that deep ocean sampling below 2000 m is much more important in some areas than others. For example, we highlight the particular importance of monitoring temperature changes in the Southern Ocean to at least 4000 m to gain accurate estimates of global ocean heat content change and the thermosteric component of sea level rise. Our work indicates that more than half of the total ocean heat content variability in the Southern Ocean is deeper than 700m.

  19. Exit Interview-Consultation for Research Validation and Dissemination

    PubMed Central

    Utley-Smith, Queen; Bailey, Donald; Ammarell, Natalie; Corazzini, Kirsten; Colón-Emeric, Cathleen S.; Lekan-Rutledge, Deborah; Piven, Mary L.; Anderson, Ruth A.

    2006-01-01

    Dissemination of research findings to practice and maintaining rigor and validity in qualitative research is a continuing challenge for nurse researchers. Using three nursing home case studies as examples, we describe how exit interview-consultation was used as: (1) a validation strategy, and; (2) as a rapid research dissemination tool that is particularly useful for nursing systems research. Through an exit interview–consultation method, researchers validated inferences made from qualitative and quantitative data collected in three comprehensive nursing home case studies that examined nursing management practices. This exit interview-consultation strategy extends the traditional member check approach by providing confirmation at the individual and organizational level. We examined how using the exit interview-consultation strategy can potentially assist nursing home organizations to increase their capacity for improving operations. Benefits from research participation are often indirect; this study's results suggest that exit interview-consultation can provide direct and immediate benefits to organizations and individuals. PMID:17099107

  20. Foraging ecology and learning Adaptive behavioural strategies and the value of information

    E-print Network

    Mangel, Marc

    , through the program BeMatA (Computational mathematics in applications). #12;3 Acknowledgements WritingForaging ecology and learning Adaptive behavioural strategies and the value of information Sigrunn. The synthesis chapter also benefited from valuable and constructive input from Øystein Varpe. To the rest

  1. Project Information Form Project Title Strategies for Transitioning to Zero-Emission Vehicles--Freight

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Strategies for Transitioning to Zero-Emission Vehicles Source(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization) US DOT $38,884 Total Project Cost $38 Description of Research Project According to the EIA, freight modes accounted for 29% of transportation fuel

  2. Effects of Active vs. Passive Review Strategies on Recalling Information from an Interactive Video Instructional Programme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tovar, Mariela

    1989-01-01

    Describes a study of college students that was conducted to investigate the effect of two review strategies on the recall of information from an interactive video program. Treatments for the active review group, the passive review group, and the control group are described. Recall posttests and amount of time required to complete the instruction…

  3. Implementation of an Iterative Headway-based Bus Holding Strategy with Real-time Information

    E-print Network

    Adida, Elodie

    1 Implementation of an Iterative Headway-based Bus Holding Strategy with Real-time Information Qin and fast to implement, which makes it suitable for real-time implementation. The model is evaluated intervention, bus bunching was almost unavoidable regardless of the driver's or the passengers' behavior

  4. Position re nement for a navigating robot using motion information based on honey bee strategies

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Bob

    Position re nement for a navigating robot using motion information based on honey bee strategies. The algorithm was inspired by techniques used by navigating honey bees and is based on separating close. The algorithm was implemented and tested using a mobile sensor. 1 Introduction It is known that the honey bee

  5. An Empirical Study of Pricing Strategies in an Online Market with High-Frequency Price Information

    E-print Network

    Lotko, William

    An Empirical Study of Pricing Strategies in an Online Market with High-Frequency Price Information were able to adjust prices continuously and prices determined how the firms were ranked and listed (lowest price listed first), with better ranks contributing to firms' sales. Using a year's worth

  6. Media, War, and Propaganda: Strategies of Information Management During the 2003 Iraq War

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deepa Kumar

    2006-01-01

    It is now widely acknowledged that the Bush administration used faulty and false information to justify the 2003 war on Iraq, and that the mainstream media, by not adequately investigating the case for war, assisted with the project. In this paper, I outline the particular strategies employed by the media–military industrial complex to ensure a dominance of pro-war arguments in

  7. Strategies To Help Students Cope with the High Information Flow in World Regional Geography Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heath, Douglas E.

    A traditional world regional geography course inescapably entails a flow of information that many community college students find overwhelming. This paper delineates five strategies developed over 30 years of teaching to help students cope with this fundamental problem: (1) using study guides or a manual to help students understand assigned…

  8. 77 FR 41176 - Notice Reopening the Request for Information (RFI) on Strategies for Improving Outcomes for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-12

    ...Reopening the Request for Information (RFI) on Strategies for Improving Outcomes for...the Federal Register (77 FR 32959) an RFI that established a July 5, 2012, deadline...Improving Outcomes for Disconnected Youth RFI, U.S. Department of Education,...

  9. The Effect of Information Mapping Strategy on Mathematics Conceptual Knowledge of Junior High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zulnaidi, Hutkemri; Zakaria, Effandi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of information mapping strategy on mathematics conceptual knowledge of junior high school students in Rokan Hulu Riau, Indonesia. The study also examined the relationship between mathematics conceptual knowledge and mathematics achievement. Using a quasi-experimental method, the study was…

  10. Feedback versus Information concerning Carbon Monoxide as an Early Intervention Strategy in Adolescent Smoking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, William B.; Evans, Richard I.

    1982-01-01

    Tested the efficacy of several programs using feedback about carbon monoxide as strategies for deterring experimentation with cigarettes in sixth-grade children (N=405). Compared to no-treatment controls, the only program to reduce experimentation with cigarettes was the information-only program. Several programs had increases in rates of…

  11. Evolutionary strategy to apply information and communication technology: a case study in the apparel industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jyh-Hong Ding; Ping-Shun Chen; Jung Lyu

    2011-01-01

    The apparel industry is a demand-driven and highly globalised industry. Apparel manufacturers must adjust their strategies and redeploy supply chain positions in order to meet the customer demand. This research adopts the value chain theory and value proposition theory to analyse the development stage of e-business of the apparel case company. The case company applies the suitable information and communication

  12. Issues in Early Childhood Education: Curriculum, Teacher Education, & Dissemination of Information. Proceedings of the Lilian Katz Symposium (Champaign, IL, November 5-7, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothenberg, Dianne, Ed.

    This proceedings compiles papers presented at a symposium convened to honor the contributions that Professor Lilian Katz has made to the field of Early Childhood Education. The introduction to the proceedings provides a brief biography of Dr. Katz, an overview of her contributions in the areas of curriculum, teacher education, and information

  13. 23] T. W. Yan, and H. Garcia-Molina. SIFT { A Tool for Wide-Area Information Dissemination. USENIX 1995 Technical Conference, 1995.

    E-print Network

    Meng, Weiyi

    ]. References 1] G. Abdulla, B. Liu, R. Saad, and E. Fox. Characterizing World Wide Web Queries. TR-97 Francisco, 1998. 27] B. Yuwono, and D. Lee. Server Ranking for Distributed Text Resource Systems Century, Information and Data Management Program, National Science Foundation, March 29-31, 1998. 11] B

  14. [23] T. W. Yan, and H. GarciaMolina. SIFT --A Tool for WideArea Information Dissemination. USENIX 1995 Technical Conference, 1995.

    E-print Network

    Meng, Weiyi

    for providing us with the database and query collections used in [6]. References [1] G. Abdulla, B. Liu, R. Saad Kaufmann, San Francisco, 1998. [27] B. Yuwono, and D. Lee. Server Ranking for Distributed Text Resource, March 29­31, 1998. [11] B. Jansen, A. Spink, J. Bateman, and T. Saracevic. Real Life Information

  15. Obligate progression precedes lung adenocarcinoma dissemination

    PubMed Central

    Caswell, Deborah R.; Chuang, Chen-Hua; Yang, Dian; Chiou, Shin-Heng; Cheemalavagu, Shashank; Kim-Kiselak, Caroline; Connolly, Andrew; Winslow, Monte M.

    2014-01-01

    Despite its clinical importance, very little is known about the natural history and molecular underpinnings of lung cancer dissemination and metastasis. Here we employed a genetically-engineered mouse model of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma in which cancer cells are fluorescently marked to determine whether dissemination is an inherent ability or a major acquired phenotype during lung adenocarcinoma metastasis. We find very little evidence for dissemination from oncogenic Kras-driven hyperplasias or most adenocarcinomas. p53 loss is insufficient to drive dissemination but rather enables rare cancer cells in a small fraction of primary adenocarcinomas to gain alterations that drive dissemination. Molecular characterization of disseminated tumors cells indicates that down-regulation of the transcription factor Nkx2-1 precedes dissemination. Finally, we show that metastatic primary tumors possess a highly proliferative sub-population of cells with characteristics matching those of disseminating cells. We propose that dissemination is a major hurdle during the natural course of lung adenocarcinoma metastasis. PMID:24740995

  16. Promoting state health department evidence-based cancer and chronic disease prevention: a multi-phase dissemination study with a cluster randomized trial component

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Cancer and other chronic diseases reduce quality and length of life and productivity, and represent a significant financial burden to society. Evidence-based public health approaches to prevent cancer and other chronic diseases have been identified in recent decades and have the potential for high impact. Yet, barriers to implement prevention approaches persist as a result of multiple factors including lack of organizational support, limited resources, competing emerging priorities and crises, and limited skill among the public health workforce. The purpose of this study is to learn how best to promote the adoption of evidence based public health practice related to chronic disease prevention. Methods/design This paper describes the methods for a multi-phase dissemination study with a cluster randomized trial component that will evaluate the dissemination of public health knowledge about evidence-based prevention of cancer and other chronic diseases. Phase one involves development of measures of practitioner views on and organizational supports for evidence-based public health and data collection using a national online survey involving state health department chronic disease practitioners. In phase two, a cluster randomized trial design will be conducted to test receptivity and usefulness of dissemination strategies directed toward state health department chronic disease practitioners to enhance capacity and organizational support for evidence-based chronic disease prevention. Twelve state health department chronic disease units will be randomly selected and assigned to intervention or control. State health department staff and the university-based study team will jointly identify, refine, and select dissemination strategies within intervention units. Intervention (dissemination) strategies may include multi-day in-person training workshops, electronic information exchange modalities, and remote technical assistance. Evaluation methods include pre-post surveys, structured qualitative phone interviews, and abstraction of state-level chronic disease prevention program plans and progress reports. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01978054. PMID:24330729

  17. Space benefits: The secondary application of aerospace technology in other sectors of the economy. [(information dissemination and technology transfer from NASA programs)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    Space Benefits is a publication that has been prepared for the NASA Technology Utilization Office by the Denver Research Institute's Program for Transfer Research and Impact Studies, to provide the Agency with accurate, convenient, and integrated resource information on the transfer of aerospace technology to other sectors of the U.S. economy. The technological innovations derived from NASA space programs and their current applications in the following areas are considered: (1) manufacturing consumer products, (2) manufacturing capital goods, (3) new consumer products and retailing, (4) electric utilities, (5) environmental quality, (6) food production and processing, (7) government, (8) petroleum and gas, (9) construction, (10) law enforcement, and (11) highway transportation.

  18. Consumer interpretation of ramipril and clopidogrel medication risk information – implications for risk communication strategies

    PubMed Central

    Tong, Vivien; Raynor, David K; Blalock, Susan J; Aslani, Parisa

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Side effects and side-effect risk information can be provided using written medicine information. However, challenges exist in effectively communicating this information to consumers. This study aimed to explore broad consumer profiles relevant to ramipril and clopidogrel side-effect risk information interpretation. Methods Three focus groups were conducted (n=18 consumers) exploring consumer perspectives, understanding and treatment decision making in response to ramipril and clopidogrel written medicine information leaflets containing side effects and side-effect risk information. All discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed to explore consumer profiles pertaining to side-effect risk appraisal. Results Three consumer profiles emerged: glass half-empty, glass half-full, and middle-of-the-road consumers, highlighting the influence of perceived individual susceptibility, interpretation of side-effect risk information, and interindividual differences, on consumers’ understanding of side-effect risk information. All profiles emphasized the importance of gaining an understanding of individual side-effect risk when taking medicines. Conclusion Written side-effect risk information is not interpreted uniformly by consumers. Consumers formulated their own construct of individual susceptibility to side effects. Health care professionals should consider how consumers interpret side-effect risk information and its impact on medication use. Existing risk communication strategies should be evaluated in light of these profiles to determine their effectiveness in conveying information. PMID:26185427

  19. Dissemination and Utilization: An Imperative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliver, J. Dale

    A well-developed approach to dissemination and utilization (D&U) at the four levels of spread, exchange, choice, and implementation is essential if vocational education research and development (R&D) is to achieve the measurable impact found lacking in a Committee on Vocational Education Research and Development (COVERD) assessment (1956). Federal…

  20. The Dissemination of Pedagogical Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennedsen, Jens

    2006-01-01

    Pedagogical patterns have been around since 1995, but several authors claim their impact is limited. However, these claims are based on authors' own observations and not on methodical evaluations of the use and dissemination of pedagogical patterns. This claim is in contrast to the vision of the creators of pedagogical patterns--they think…

  1. Disseminating Educational Research with IT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Niki

    Teachers and researchers need to use the research produced in education to improve their practice. However, the current modes of dissemination through journals and papers are often written for the expert community. The Telematics Centre at the University of Exeter (United Kingdom), School of Education provides creative solutions for the effective…

  2. Disseminated hemangiosarcoma in a cow

    PubMed Central

    Stock, Matthew L.; Smith, Billy I.; Engiles, Julie B.

    2011-01-01

    An antemortem diagnosis of disseminated hemangiosarcoma with extensive hepatic and splenic involvement was made in a 9-year-old cow evaluated for lethargy, weight loss, regenerative anemia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated liver enzymes. This is the first report of hemangiosarcoma in a cow with a suspected primary location of the liver and/or spleen. PMID:21731096

  3. Digital animation as a method to disseminate research findings to the community using a community-based participatory approach.

    PubMed

    Vaughn, Nicole A; Jacoby, Sara F; Williams, Thalia; Guerra, Terry; Thomas, Nicole A; Richmond, Therese S

    2013-03-01

    Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has garnered increasing interest over the previous two decades as researchers have tackled increasingly complex health problems. In academia, professional presentations and articles are major ways that research is disseminated. However, dissemination of research findings to the people and communities who participated in the research is many times forgotten. In addition, little scholarly literature is focused on creative dissemination of research findings to the community using CBPR methods. We seek to fill this gap in the literature by providing an exemplar of research dissemination and partnership strategies that were used to complete this project. In this paper, we present a novel approach to the dissemination of research findings to our targeted communities through digital animation. We also provide the foundational thinking and specific steps that were taken to select this specific dissemination product development and distribution strategy. PMID:22395365

  4. Multilocular Disseminated Tarlov Cysts: Importance of Imaging

    PubMed Central

    Padma, Subramanyam; Sundaram, P. Shanmuga

    2014-01-01

    With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of our study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbo-sacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan in noninvasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by MR and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of TCs in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. Until date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to be followed for their management. PMID:25191117

  5. Multilocular disseminated tarlov cysts: importance of imaging.

    PubMed

    Padma, Subramanyam; Sundaram, P Shanmuga

    2014-01-01

    With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of our study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbo-sacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan in noninvasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by MR and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of TCs in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. Until date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to be followed for their management. PMID:25191117

  6. Efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting Services for the Dissemination of Agricultural Information Resources in the Institure for Agricultural Research Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gabriel, KASA, M.

    2012-10-01

    The efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting service for effective organization, storage and retrieval of information resources for agricultural research in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria necessitated examining the situation in Agricultural Library, Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. The study examines the processes, awareness and problems militating against the effective exploitation of the indexing and abstracting services in the Agricultural library established in 1975. The study was conducted ex post facto, data collected span from 2006 ñ 2010. Total sample sizes of 752 patrons and 20,236 intellectually indexed and abstracted resources were involved in the study. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that a total of 644 articles were indexed and abstracted, 35% of these was done in 2010. Results for awareness show 452 (60.11%) to be aware in 2008. A total 584 articles were indexed and abstracted from which 167 (28.59%) was retrieved in 2006. Patrons, 270 (35.90%) attributed the poor use of the service to assumption it is a referral unit. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is significant association between articles indexed and abstracted with information consulted by patrons (?2cal,100.31>?2tab,9.488) at 5% level of probability and df, 4. In conclusion, enormous documents on Nigerian agriculture are indexed and abstracted in the unit, implying that the service is desirous and consistent. The study recommends that the unit should explore the use of modern technology, employ a permanent subject specialist, train and retrain the unit staff as well as intensify it general orientation campaigns to focus on awareness and use of the indexing and abstracting services.

  7. Dialogue on Dissemination Background - Implementation Science

    Cancer.gov

    The Dialogue on Dissemination meetings are part of a larger effort to clarify the various concepts used to describe the translation of research into practice and develop models for effective dissemination. As part of its ongoing commitment to closing the gap between research discovery and program delivery, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) sponsored a series of four Dialogue on Dissemination events convening experts in the fields of public health, clinical practice, and dissemination.

  8. Technical Report: Catch Me If You Can Privacy-Preserving Dissemination in Micro-Blogging

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Technical Report: Catch Me If You Can Privacy-Preserving Dissemination in Micro-Blogging George-Marie Kermarrec INRIA Rennes, France Nupur Mittal INRIA Rennes, France ABSTRACT Online micro-blogging services of disseminating information quickly and at large scale. A standard mechanism in micro-blogging that allows

  9. Generation of artificial biometric data enhanced with contextual information for game strategy-based behavioral biometrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yampolskiy, Roman V.; Govindaraju, Venu

    2008-03-01

    For the domain of strategy-based behavioral biometrics we propose the concept of profiles enhanced with spatial, temporal and contextual information. Inclusion of such information leads to a more stable baseline profile and as a result more secure systems. Such enhanced data is not always readily available and often is time consuming and expensive to acquire. One solution to this problem is the use of artificially generated data. In this paper a novel methodology for creation of feature-level synthetic biometric data is presented. Specifically generation of behavioral biometric data represented by game playing strategies is demonstrated. Data validation methods are described and encouraging results are obtained with possibility of expanding proposed methodologies to generation of artificial data in the domains other then behavioral biometrics.

  10. Opportunistic Data Dissemination in Mobile Peer-to-Peer Networks

    E-print Network

    Wolfson, Ouri E.

    are in close geographic proximity, then one can call the other's cell phone and suggest a short face mobile sensors to propagate the information to human rescuers. Sensors can also be installed on wildOpportunistic Data Dissemination in Mobile Peer-to- Peer Networks A. Prasad Sistla1, Ouri Wolfson1

  11. Spontaneous Infection or Vaccination as Cause of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Murphy; James Austin

    1985-01-01

    This report describes an approach to determine which of 2 possible etiologies could be responsible for a disease, in this instance acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). Information about latency periods was obtained from eighteen reference sources in the literature. Analysis of these data indicate that it would be 9–18 times more likely for ADEM to develop 5 days after a wild

  12. A Mobile Technology Framework for the Dissemination of Cultural Memory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kammas, Stavros

    2009-01-01

    The current research proposes a mobile technology framework in cultural heritage setting for the dissemination of cultural memory among its visitors. The framework studies the complex concept of human memory and attempts to adopt the human information perception, as a learning process, on a mobile framework that will allow their users to interact…

  13. A Parallel System Strategy of Evaluation and Forecasting for Security Information with Artificial Society

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dalei Guo; Shuming Tang

    2006-01-01

    \\u000a Analysis, evaluation and forecast for the collection, memory and management of information play an important role in the research\\u000a and engineering application of intelligence and security informatics. Theoretically speaking, the developed science and technology\\u000a have already well-founded for decision and strategy of ISI. For example, all the production, consumption, distributing and\\u000a reserves of the energy of the country or worldwide

  14. Automated Information Management Technology (AIM-TECH): considerations for a technology investment strategy. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reitman; Ralph M. Weischedel; Kenneth R. Boff; Mark E. Jones; Joseph P. Martino

    1985-01-01

    The Automated Information Management Technology Program (AIM-Tech) has focused on evaluating the key factors to an investment strategy for implementing artificial intelligence technology in three technical domains: systems design; pilot\\/aircrew automation; and command, control, and communications (C3). A state-of-the-art review of artificial intelligence (AI), functional specifications for future AI aided systems, and required AI capabilities are discussed. The state-of-art review

  15. Disseminated pseudallescheriosis in a dog.

    PubMed

    Elad, D; Perl, S; Yamin, G; Blum, S; David, D

    2010-06-01

    A case of disseminated pseudallescheriasis in a German Shepherd bitch is presented. Bones (ilium, a rib and phalanges), joints (elbow and acetabulum) and the surrounding tissues were the principal organs affected. In addition, Pseudallescheria boydii was isolated, in lower numbers, from the eye, kidney, lymph nodes draining the affected regions and urine. The dog was euthanized. P. boydii was identified by morphologic characteristics and molecular techniques (beta tubulin sequence). In addition, an ITS nucleotide sequence analysis showed that this strain differed from another isolate identified as Scedosporium apiospermum that had caused a disseminated infection in another German Shepherd. The importance of the molecular characterization of fungi belonging to the Pseudallescheria/Scedosporium complex, isolated from animals is stressed in light of the ongoing attempts to recharacterize these fungi. PMID:19886774

  16. From innovation to standard practice: Developing and disseminating behavioral procedures

    PubMed Central

    Paine, Stan C.; Bellamy, G. Thomas

    1982-01-01

    This paper proposes a three-stage continuum for discussing the development and dissemination of behavioral technology. At the level of behavioral techniques, researchers need only establish a functional relationship between technologically defined intervention procedures and socially significant target behaviors. Dissemination is conducted for informational purposes only, and the purposes and details surrounding subsequent use of the technique are left to the discretion of the user. At the level of behavioral demonstration, a collection of socially acceptable intervention procedures is refined and standardized and must be shown to produce behavior changes across a number of subjects. Here dissemination is conducted, in large part, to generate support for provision of services. At the level of behavioral models, procedural descriptions must be useroriented. Additionally, model effects must be obtainable by agents not associated with their development and must compare favorably with other treatment or service alternatives. The purpose of dissemination at this level is to obtain adoptions and replications of the model. Details of development and dissemination of behavioral technology at each of these three levels are discussed. PMID:22478555

  17. Intergovernmental Conference on Strategies and Policies for Informatics (1st, Torremolinos, Spain, August 28-September 6, 1978). Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Intergovernmental Bureau for Informatics, Rome (Italy).

    This conference report presents the discussions and recommendations of the 290 participants representing 76 nations who met at the first SPIN conference to exchange experiences in strategies and policies for the dissemination of information via networks based on the linking of computers with telecommunications, and to identify ways and means of…

  18. Enabling Long-Term Oceanographic Research: Changing Data Practices, Information Management Strategies and Informatics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baker, K. S.; Chandler, C. L.

    2008-12-01

    Data management and informatics research are in a state of change in terms of data practices, information strategies, and roles. New ways of thinking about data and data management can facilitate interdisciplinary global ocean science. To meet contemporary expectations for local data use and reuse by a variety of audiences, collaborative strategies involving diverse teams of information professionals are developing. Such changes are fostering the growth of information infrastructures that support multi-scale sampling, data integration, and nascent networks of data repositories. In this retrospective, two examples of oceanographic projects incorporating data management in partnership with long-term science programs are reviewed: the Palmer Station Long-Term Ecological Research program (Palmer LTER) and the United States Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (US JGOFS). Lessons learned - short-term and long-term - from a decade of data management within these two communities will be presented. A conceptual framework called Ocean Informatics provides one example for managing the complexities inherent to sharing oceanographic data. Elements are discussed that address the economies-of-scale as well as the complexities-of-scale pertinent to a broad vision of information management and scientific research.

  19. Information access in a dual-task context: testing a model of optimal strategy selection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wickens, C. D.; Seidler, K. S.

    1997-01-01

    Pilots were required to access information from a hierarchical aviation database by navigating under single-task conditions (Experiment 1) and when this task was time-shared with an altitude-monitoring task of varying bandwidth and priority (Experiment 2). In dual-task conditions, pilots had 2 viewports available, 1 always used for the information task and the other to be allocated to either task. Dual-task strategy, inferred from the decision of which task to allocate to the 2nd viewport, revealed that allocation was generally biased in favor of the monitoring task and was only partly sensitive to the difficulty of the 2 tasks and their relative priorities. Some dominant sources of navigational difficulties failed to adaptively influence selection strategy. The implications of the results are to provide tools for jumping to the top of the database, to provide 2 viewports into the common database, and to provide training as to the optimum viewport management strategy in a multitask environment.

  20. System Design for Information Dissemination in VANETs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Torrent-Moreno; Andreas Festag; Hannes Hartenstein

    In the architectural design of a communication technology the assignment of responsibilities to its diffe rent modules or layers is a key issue. The modularization and assignment of functions to modules has a strong impact on the system performance. In this paper, we address data for- warding as a key responsibility of a VANET's (Vehicular Ad hoc NETwork) communication device.

  1. Probabilistic methods for distributed information dissemination

    E-print Network

    Haeupler, Bernhard

    2013-01-01

    The ever-increasing growth of modern networks comes with a paradigm shift in network operation. Networks can no longer be abstracted as deterministic, centrally controlled systems with static topologies but need to be ...

  2. Successful Strategies for the Incorporation of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems into the Freshman Experience for Stem Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rosa Buxeda; Luis Olivieri; Lueny Morell

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes key strategies for integrating Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to multidisciplinary teams of freshman students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs of the University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez (UPRM). The strategies constitute an initiative called Summer Station and is the first experience in a series of elective courses developed at UPRM

  3. Examining the effect of strategic alignment on business performance: Knowledge management, information technology, and human resource management strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Y. Chen; H. L. Huang

    2008-01-01

    Recently, evidences indicate that knowledge management (KM) strategy and human resource management (HRM) strategy are interdependent and must be integrated with information technology (IT) as a whole to improve the business performance. Empirical data for hypotheses testing are collected from top-ranked companies in Taiwan; yielding 161 valid samples. Performance implications of strategic alignment are examined using matching approaches. The generated

  4. Effective and Ineffective Coping with Bullying Strategies as Assessed by Informed Professionals and Their Use by Victimised Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray-Harvey, Rosalind; Skrzypiec, Grace; Slee, Phillip T.

    2012-01-01

    What strategies do students use to cope with bullying and how effective are they? Answers to such questions will not only help students understand how they can cope, but also inform school-wide policies and practices to reduce the incidence of bullying. To do this, schools need evidence on what strategies to focus on to most effectively target…

  5. Employees' Choices in Learning How to Use Information and Communication Technology Systems at Work: Strategies and Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korpelainen, Eija; Kira, Mari

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to promote the understanding of how employees learn to use information and communication technology (ICT) systems at work. The elements of a learning activity in the context of ICT use are identified from the literature. In particular, approaches to learning, learning strategies and problem-solving strategies are…

  6. Optimal transmit strategies for MIMO systems with partial channel state information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boche, Holger; Jorswieck, Eduard A.

    2002-11-01

    We study the optimal transmission strategy of a single-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication system with covariance feedback. We consider the situation with correlated receive and correlated transmit antennas in Rayleigh flat fading. Furthermore, we assume that the receiver has perfect channel state information (CSI) while the transmitter knows only the transmit correlation matrix and the receive correlation matrix. We show that transmitting in direction of the eigenvectors of the transmit correlation matrix is the optimal transmission strategy. In addition to this, the optimal power allocation is studied and a necessary and sufficient condition for optimality of beamforming is derived. The impact of the receive correlation on the achievable capacity and on the capacity-range of beamforming is analyzed. All theoretical results are illustrated by numerical simulations.

  7. Leader-follower strategies under modeling and information uncertainties. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-09-01

    Focus of the research is the characterization and formulation of control strategies for large-scale systems which have two or more decision making authorities. The actions of each decision maker contribute to the total behavior of the system. Furthermore, the information on which each decision maker is based is affected by the action of the other decision makers. Thus the role of multiple decision making in the theory and methodology pertaining to the analysis, planning, and control of large-scale systems is very significant. This research addressed the central influence of hierarchical organizational forms in developing control strategies in large-scale systems when the decision makers do not have identical capabilities, priorities, and information structures. This report is divided into five parts corresponding to the five tasks for the project: global feedback, adaptive control concepts, multiparameter singularly perturbed systems with multiple decision makers, multitime scales induced by the information pattern, and problems of control organizations where the organizational center is the leader and the agents are followers. (DLC)

  8. A clinical information systems strategy for a large integrated delivery network.

    PubMed

    Kuperman, G J; Spurr, C; Flammini, S; Bates, D; Glaser, J

    2000-01-01

    Integrated delivery networks (IDNs) are an emerging class of health care institutions. IDNs are formed from the affiliation of individual health care institutions and are intended to be more efficient in the current fiscal health care environment. To realize efficiencies and support their strategic visions, IDNs rely critically on excellent information technology (IT). Because of its importance to the mission of the IDN, strategic decisions about IT are made by the top leadership of the IDN. At Partners HealthCare System, a large IDN in Boston, MA, a clinical information systems strategy has been created to support the Partners clinical vision. In this paper, we discuss the Partners' structure, clinical vision, and current IT initiatives in place to address the clinical vision. The initiatives are: a clinical data repository, inpatient process support, electronic medical records, a portal strategy, referral applications, knowledge resources, support for product lines, patient computing, confidentiality, and clinical decision support. We address several of the issues encountered in trying to bring excellent information technology to a large IDN. PMID:11079921

  9. Federal Information Dissemination Policies and Practices: Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. One Hundred First Congress, First Session, April 18, May 23, and July 11, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    Three hearings were held in order to conduct a comprehensive review of the issues, problems, and activities affecting the public availability of government information. It is noted that new information technologies, particularly electronic formats and telecommunications, are forcing the reconsideration of the flow of information from the Federal…

  10. Disseminated histoplasmosis and necrotizing vasculitis.

    PubMed Central

    Small, P.; Levitt, P.

    1976-01-01

    A 74-year-old man with congestive heart failure was found to have Histoplasma capsulatum in a lesion of the right nasal septum. His initial treatment with amphotericin B was inadequate because of severe intolerance to the drug. Three months after initial presentation H. capsulatum was detected in his blood and bone marrow. Slightly elevated purpuric lesions on the arms, lower legs and trunk showed the typical features of necrotizing vasculitis. Cutaneous anergy was reversed after treatment with transfer factor. Skin involvement in disseminated histoplasmosis is unusual and there are no previous reports of vasculitis associated with this infection. Images FIG. 1 FIG. 2 PMID:1253047

  11. Small bowel dissemination of coccidioidomycosis.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Shengmei; Ma, Yanling; Chandrasoma, Parakrama

    2015-01-01

    Gastrointestinal coccidioidomycosis is extremely rare, with less than 10 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of small bowel dissemination of coccidioidomycosis in a 21-year-old African American male with a history of living in San Joaquin Valley. The patient presented with one week of abdominal pain, nausea, shortness of breath, intermittent fever, and sweat, and one month of abdominal distention. A chest radiograph revealed complete effusion of left lung. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed diffuse small bowel thickening and enhancement, as well as omental and peritoneal nodules, and ascites. The coccidioidal complement fixation titer was 1?:?256. The duodenal biopsy revealed many spherules filled with round fungal endospores. Later, blood fungal culture showed positivity for Coccidioides immitis. The final diagnosis is disseminated coccidioidomycosis involving lungs, blood, and duodenum. Despite aggressive antifungal therapy, the patient's clinical situation deteriorated and he succumbed to multisystem organ failure one and half months later. A high index of suspicion for gastrointestinal coccidioidomycosis should be maintained in patients from an endemic area presenting as abdominal distention and pain. PMID:25685582

  12. Risk evaluation and mitigation strategy programs in solid organ transplantation: the promises of information technology.

    PubMed

    Tsapepas, Demetra S; McKeen, Jaclyn T; Martin, Spencer T; Walker-McDermott, Jennifer K; Yang, Alex; Hirsch, Jamie; Mohan, Sumit; Tiwari, Ruchi

    2014-10-01

    Risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS) required by the Food and Drug Administration are implemented to manage known or potential risks associated with medications and to ensure ongoing safe use throughout the life of a pharmaceutical agent. Healthcare organizations have begun to adopt information technologies with clinical decision support (CDS) to ensure safe use of medications. Systems have been expanded and customized to also ensure compliance with regulatory standards. End users who are unfamiliar with particular medication use provisions are at risk of unknowingly inappropriately fulfilling specific components. Institution-specific customization of vendor-provided CDS is useful to enhance provider awareness and ensure compliance with standards. Integration of health information technology systems to fulfill REMS requirements is novel and important to ensure consistency as healthcare standards evolve. PMID:24573422

  13. Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options

    PubMed Central

    Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

    2012-01-01

    With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

  14. Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options.

    PubMed

    Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

    2012-04-01

    With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

  15. Reframing the dissemination challenge: a marketing and distribution perspective.

    PubMed

    Kreuter, Matthew W; Bernhardt, Jay M

    2009-12-01

    A fundamental obstacle to successful dissemination and implementation of evidence-based public health programs is the near-total absence of systems and infrastructure for marketing and distribution. We describe the functions of a marketing and distribution system, and we explain how it would help move effective public health programs from research to practice. Then we critically evaluate the 4 dominant strategies now used to promote dissemination and implementation, and we explain how each would be enhanced by marketing and distribution systems. Finally, we make 6 recommendations for building the needed system infrastructure and discuss the responsibility within the public health community for implementation of these recommendations. Without serious investment in such infrastructure, application of proven solutions in public health practice will continue to occur slowly and rarely. PMID:19833993

  16. Gating, enhanced gating, and beyond: information utilization strategies for motion management, applied to preclinical PET

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Respiratory gating and gate optimization strategies present solutions for overcoming image degradation caused by respiratory motion in PET and traditionally utilize hardware systems and/or employ complex processing algorithms. In this work, we aimed to advance recently emerging data-driven gating methods and introduce a new strategy for optimizing the four-dimensional data based on information contained in that data. These algorithms are combined to form an automated motion correction workflow. Methods Software-based gating methods were applied to a nonspecific population of 84 small-animal rat PET scans to create respiratory gated images. The gated PET images were then optimized using an algorithm we introduce as ‘gating+’ to reduce noise and optimize signal; the technique was also tested using simulations. Gating+ is based on a principle of only using gated information if and where it adds a net benefit, as evaluated in temporal frequency space. Motion-corrected images were assessed quantitatively and qualitatively. Results Of the small-animal PET scans, 71% exhibited quantifiable motion after software gating. The mean liver displacement was 3.25 mm for gated and 3.04 mm for gating+ images. The (relative) mean percent standard deviations measured in background ROIs were 1.53, 1.05, and 1.00 for the gated, gating+, and ungated values, respectively. Simulations confirmed that gating+ image voxels had a higher probability of being accurate relative to the corresponding ungated values under varying noise and motion scenarios. Additionally, we found motion mapping and phase decoupling models that readily extend from gating+ processing. Conclusions Raw PET data contain information about motion that is not currently utilized. In our work, we showed that through automated processing of standard (ungated) PET acquisitions, (motion-) information-rich images can be constructed with minimal risk of noise introduction. Such methods have the potential for implementation with current PET technology in a robust and reproducible way. PMID:23618039

  17. Connecting Network Properties of Rapidly Disseminating Epizoonotics

    PubMed Central

    Rivas, Ariel L.; Fasina, Folorunso O.; Hoogesteyn, Almira L.; Konah, Steven N.; Febles, José L.; Perkins, Douglas J.; Hyman, James M.; Fair, Jeanne M.; Hittner, James B.; Smith, Steven D.

    2012-01-01

    Background To effectively control the geographical dissemination of infectious diseases, their properties need to be determined. To test that rapid microbial dispersal requires not only susceptible hosts but also a pre-existing, connecting network, we explored constructs meant to reveal the network properties associated with disease spread, which included the road structure. Methods Using geo-temporal data collected from epizoonotics in which all hosts were susceptible (mammals infected by Foot-and-mouth disease virus, Uruguay, 2001; birds infected by Avian Influenza virus H5N1, Nigeria, 2006), two models were compared: 1) ‘connectivity’, a model that integrated bio-physical concepts (the agent’s transmission cycle, road topology) into indicators designed to measure networks (‘nodes’ or infected sites with short- and long-range links), and 2) ‘contacts’, which focused on infected individuals but did not assess connectivity. Results The connectivity model showed five network properties: 1) spatial aggregation of cases (disease clusters), 2) links among similar ‘nodes’ (assortativity), 3) simultaneous activation of similar nodes (synchronicity), 4) disease flows moving from highly to poorly connected nodes (directionality), and 5) a few nodes accounting for most cases (a “20?80? pattern). In both epizoonotics, 1) not all primary cases were connected but at least one primary case was connected, 2) highly connected, small areas (nodes) accounted for most cases, 3) several classes of nodes were distinguished, and 4) the contact model, which assumed all primary cases were identical, captured half the number of cases identified by the connectivity model. When assessed together, the synchronicity and directionality properties explained when and where an infectious disease spreads. Conclusions Geo-temporal constructs of Network Theory’s nodes and links were retrospectively validated in rapidly disseminating infectious diseases. They distinguished classes of cases, nodes, and networks, generating information usable to revise theory and optimize control measures. Prospective studies that consider pre-outbreak predictors, such as connecting networks, are recommended. PMID:22761900

  18. Research Paper: A Cognitive Task Analysis of Information Management Strategies in a Computerized Provider Order Entry Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charlene R. Weir; Jonathan J. R. Nebeker; Bret L. Hicken; Rebecca Campo; Frank Drews; Beth LeBar

    2007-01-01

    ObjectiveComputerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) with electronic documentation, and computerized decision support dramatically changes the information environment of the practicing clinician. Prior work patterns based on paper, verbal exchange, and manual methods are replaced with automated, computerized, and potentially less flexible systems. The objective of this study is to explore the information management strategies that clinicians use in the process

  19. Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Thomas D.

    2011-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

  20. Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Thomas D.

    2010-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

  1. A security framework for nationwide health information exchange based on telehealth strategy.

    PubMed

    Zaidan, B B; Haiqi, Ahmed; Zaidan, A A; Abdulnabi, Mohamed; Kiah, M L Mat; Muzamel, Hussaen

    2015-05-01

    This study focuses on the situation of health information exchange (HIE) in the context of a nationwide network. It aims to create a security framework that can be implemented to ensure the safe transmission of health information across the boundaries of care providers in Malaysia and other countries. First, a critique of the major elements of nationwide health information networks is presented from the perspective of security, along with such topics as the importance of HIE, issues, and main approaches. Second, a systematic evaluation is conducted on the security solutions that can be utilized in the proposed nationwide network. Finally, a secure framework for health information transmission is proposed within a central cloud-based model, which is compatible with the Malaysian telehealth strategy. The outcome of this analysis indicates that a complete security framework for a global structure of HIE is yet to be defined and implemented. Our proposed framework represents such an endeavor and suggests specific techniques to achieve this goal. PMID:25732083

  2. Tumor cells disseminate early, but immunosurveillance limits metastatic outgrowth, in a mouse model of melanoma

    PubMed Central

    Eyles, Jo; Puaux, Anne-Laure; Wang, Xiaojie; Toh, Benjamin; Prakash, Celine; Hong, Michelle; Tan, Tze Guan; Zheng, Lin; Ong, Lai Chun; Jin, Yi; Kato, Masashi; Prévost-Blondel, Armelle; Chow, Pierce; Yang, Henry; Abastado, Jean-Pierre

    2010-01-01

    Although metastasis is the leading cause of cancer-related death, it is not clear why some patients with localized cancer develop metastatic disease after complete resection of their primary tumor. Such relapses have been attributed to tumor cells that disseminate early and remain dormant for prolonged periods of time; however, little is known about the control of these disseminated tumor cells. Here, we have used a spontaneous mouse model of melanoma to investigate tumor cell dissemination and immune control of metastatic outgrowth. Tumor cells were found to disseminate throughout the body early in development of the primary tumor, even before it became clinically detectable. The disseminated tumor cells remained dormant for varying periods of time depending on the tissue, resulting in staggered metastatic outgrowth. Dormancy in the lung was associated with reduced proliferation of the disseminated tumor cells relative to the primary tumor. This was mediated, at least in part, by cytostatic CD8+ T cells, since depletion of these cells resulted in faster outgrowth of visceral metastases. Our findings predict that immune responses favoring dormancy of disseminated tumor cells, which we propose to be the seed of subsequent macroscopic metastases, are essential for prolonging the survival of early stage cancer patients and suggest that therapeutic strategies designed to reinforce such immune responses may produce marked benefits in these patients. PMID:20501944

  3. [Disseminated lymphangiomatosis: a rare cause of anemia].

    PubMed

    Ben Abdallah Chabchoub, R; Kamoun, F; Hidouri, S; Nouri, A; Hachicha, M; Mahfoudh, A

    2015-04-01

    Disseminated lymphangiomatosis is a congenital lymphovenous vascular malformation. It can occur in different regions, some of which are unusual. The treatment of this vascular malformation is based on surgical excision, sclerotherapy, or recombinant interferon therapy. We report the case of disseminated lymphangiomatosis in a 13-year-old girl who presented with anemia. PMID:25725973

  4. Strategies for the Effective Integration of ICT into Social Organization — Organization of Information Processing and the Necessity of Social Informatics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Klaus Fuchs-Kittowski

    This paper discusses strategies and concepts of information and communication-support for knowledge-intensive work processes.\\u000a The necessity of social informatics or organizational informatics according to Rob Kling results from the complementarity\\u000a of formal (syntactic), product oriented and informal (semantic), process oriented, technical, and social view in informatics.\\u000a The understanding of man\\/computer communication as a problem of linking syntactic and semantic information

  5. Effect of information provisioning on attitude toward surgical castration of male piglets and alternative strategies for avoiding boar taint

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank A. M. Tuyttens; Filiep Vanhonacker; Karolien Langendries; Marijke Aluwé; Sam Millet; Karen Bekaert; Wim Verbeke

    2011-01-01

    Pork consumers know little about boar taint and the methods used to avoid it. As such, relevant information is necessary to assist consumers to judge the acceptability of different strategies to avoid boar taint. The effect of basic (T1) or extensive (T2) written information or T2 with supplementary audio–visual information (AV) on the opinion concerning immunocastration (IC), raising entire male

  6. Cognitive Strategy Use and Measured Numeric Ability in Immediate- and Long-Term Recall of Everyday Numeric Information

    PubMed Central

    Bermingham, Douglas; Hill, Robert D.; Woltz, Dan; Gardner, Michael K.

    2013-01-01

    The goals of this study were to assess the primary effects of the use of cognitive strategy and a combined measure of numeric ability on recall of every-day numeric information (i.e. prices). Additionally, numeric ability was assessed as a moderator in the relationship between strategy use and memory for prices. One hundred participants memorized twelve prices that varied from 1 to 6 digits; they recalled these immediately and after 7 days. The use of strategies, assessed through self-report, was associated with better overall recall, but not forgetting. Numeric ability was not associated with either better overall recall or forgetting. A small moderating interaction was found, in which higher levels of numeric ability enhanced the beneficial effects of strategy use on overall recall. Exploratory analyses found two further small moderating interactions: simple strategy use enhanced overall recall at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to complex strategy use; and complex strategy use was associated with lower levels of forgetting, but only at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to the simple strategy use. These results provide support for an objective measure of numeric ability, as well as adding to the literature on memory and the benefits of cognitive strategy use. PMID:23483964

  7. Engaging All Americans: Innovative Strategies for Reaching the Public with Climate and Environmental Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Espinoza, S.

    2014-12-01

    From extensive drought and heat waves to floods, tornadoes and Superstorm Sandy, extreme weather and climate events provide teachable moments to help communities prepare for and respond to related environmental, economic and health impacts. The National Environmental Education Foundation (www.neefusa.org) works with the American Meteorological Society, the media and other trusted messengers to provide weather, climate and environmental information to the public in accessible and widely used formats, whether via TV, radio or social media. NEEF will provide an overview of innovative partnerships and projects that are engaging Americans in understanding and using climate and environmental information to make the best choices in their daily lives and improve the health of their communities, including: Assessing knowledge, attitudes and behaviors: NEEF will share results from its national survey research and targeted focus groups on current attitudes and practices relating to our nation's environment. Simplifying and amplifying key messages: NEEF provides a national network of more than 350 meteorologists, radio broadcasters and journalists with the science-based information and resources they need to present climate and environmental topics to their viewers on-air, online and in community outreach. Engaging television viewers in citizen science: Eyes on Central PA, a pilot project of NEEF, Project Noah and WTAJ-TV, harnesses Project Noah's citizen science platform to collect and display photos of wildlife from WTAJ-TV viewers. NEEF and WTAJ provide regular blogs and on-air stories that highlight viewers' photos and link them to local weather conditions and climate trends. Expanding the conversation: NEEF's multimedia strategy in the Mid-Atlantic U.S. is reaching Spanish-speaking audiences with climate and environmental information through regular radio and television broadcasts. We are also exploring ways to reach other non-traditional audiences, including faith communities and sports fans, with weather, climate and preparedness information.

  8. [Dissemination of research--a neglected obligation].

    PubMed

    Nylenna, Magne; Hansen, Arild Skaug; Storeng, Anne Britt; Westin, Steinar

    2004-08-26

    In contrast to research and teaching duties, the obligation to disseminate research results to the general public is poorly described and not lived up to in academic medicine. At the Norwegian University of Science and Technology's Faculty of Medicine, an interdisciplinary group met with academics to discuss and identify means for improvements. The academics reported positive attitudes to popularising and communicating their findings. Dissemination of research as a working area was, however, characterised as fragmented, incidental and too much dependent on individual enthusiasm. The most important initiatives in order to achieve better dissemination were said to be the following: more and better training in popularization and dealing with the media; development of an infrastructure for dissemination at a decentralised institutional level (defined responsibility, routines etc.); and encouragement of good presentations by making dissemination of research meritorious. PMID:15334120

  9. Collective Adoption of Max--Min Strategy in an Information Cascade Voting Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mori, Shintaro; Hisakado, Masato; Takahashi, Taiki

    2013-08-01

    We consider a situation where one has to choose an option with multiplier m. The multiplier is inversely proportional to the number of people who have chosen the option and is proportional to the return if it is correct. If one does not know the correct option, we call him a herder, and then there is a zero-sum game between the herder and other people who have set the multiplier. The max--min strategy where one divides one's choice inversely proportional to m is optimal from the viewpoint of the maximization of expected return. We call the optimal herder an analog herder. The system of analog herders takes the probability of correct choice to one for any value of the ratio of herders, p<1, in the thermodynamic limit if the accuracy of the choice of informed person q is one. We study how herders choose by a voting experiment in which 50 to 60 subjects sequentially answer a two-choice quiz. We show that the probability of selecting a choice by the herders is inversely proportional to m for 4/3 ? m ? 4 and they collectively adopt the max--min strategy in that range.

  10. Information management in law enforcement: The case of police intelligence strategy implementation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Bell; Geoff Dean; Petter Gottschalk

    2010-01-01

    Strategy implementation is important because failure to carry out strategy can cause lost opportunities and leave police officers reluctant to do strategic planning. Lack of implementation creates problems in maintaining priorities and reaching organizational goals. The strategy execution task is commonly the most complicated and time-consuming part of strategic, management. Yet, strategy implementation suffers from a general lack of academic

  11. 10 CFR 605.20 - Dissemination of results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... false Dissemination of results. 605.20 Section 605...REGULATIONS THE OFFICE OF ENERGY RESEARCH FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 605.20 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients are encouraged to disseminate project results promptly. DOE...

  12. PRISE Liaison Training Workshop. (Part of the Development of a Statewide Dissemination Network).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewell, Kathleen S.; Norris, Carole L.

    The workshop manual is designed to provide an overview of the information dissemination process for PRISE (Pennsylvania Resources and Information Center for Special Education), which provides information in response to requests from special educators throughout the state. The following aspects of the workshop are discussed (sample subtopics in…

  13. APS Archive of Teaching Resources: Dissemination: Strategies for Disseminating Your Materials and Programs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Amy Feuerstein (The American Physiological Society Education)

    2009-05-20

    This is a powerpoint presentation from the 2009 Science Education Partnership Award Project Directors Meeting in St. Paul, MN. This presentation describes what digital resources are, and how to access these types of materials in the APS Archive.

  14. Disseminated Congenital Neuroblastoma – An Autopsy Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kumbhar, Sujata. S.; Shukla, Dhirajkumar B; Mavi, Sonu

    2015-01-01

    Neuroblastoma is the most common malignant tumour in the neonatal age group. The tumour is derived from neural crest cells of adrenal gland medulla or sympathetic ganglia. Disseminated congenital neuroblastoma is very rare. We hereby report a case of congenital neuroblastoma with multiple metastases diagnosed on autopsy in a fetus of 23 weeks gestational age. Autopsy revealed enlarged bilateral adrenals, large fusiform mass in the right humerus, mass in the lower lobe of left lung and posterior chest wall. Diagnosis of disseminated congenital neuroblastoma was given after histopathological and immunohistochemical examination. We are reporting this case for its rare presentation of disseminated form of congenital neuroblastoma sparing liver.

  15. Philanthropy and School Reform: The Rockefeller Foundation's Role in Disseminating and Evaluating Comer's School Development Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bass, Marian E.; Ucelli, Marla

    This paper describes the Rockefeller Foundation's partnership with the Comer School Development Program (SDP), a dissemination effort aimed at sharing the SDP message and implementation strategies. Foundation support began in 1990 for what was perceived as the most promising and proven schoolwide improvement method for low-income communities. To…

  16. International efforts to disseminate and develop the model of human occupation.

    PubMed

    Bowyer, Patricia; Bélanger, René; Briand, Catherine; de Las Heras, Carmen Gloria; Kinébanian, Astrid; Launiainen, Helena; Marcoux, Chantale; Mentrup, Christiane; Morel-Bracq, Marie-Chantal; Nakamura-Thomas, Hiromi; Pan, Ay-Woan; Tigchelaar, Eric; Yamada, Takashi; Ziv, Noga; Kielhofner, Gary

    2008-01-01

    This paper documents efforts in Canada, France, Finland, Germany, Hispanoamerica, Israel, Japan, The Netherlands, and Taiwan to disseminate the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO). We aim to characterize the challenges involved, the strategies used, and the impact of these efforts in diverse cultural and social conditions. PMID:23941369

  17. Community Dissemination of the Early Start Denver Model: Implications for Science and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vismara, Laurie A.; Young, Gregory S.; Rogers, Sally J.

    2013-01-01

    The growing number of Autism Spectrum Disorder cases exceeds the services available for these children. This increase challenges both researchers and service providers to develop systematic, effective dissemination strategies for transporting university research models to community early intervention (EI) programs. The current study developed an…

  18. 77 FR 11120 - Scientific Information Request on Treatment Strategies for Patients With Peripheral Artery...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-24

    ...Strategies for Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare...submissions from manufacturers of peripheral artery disease treatment medical devices. Scientific...Strategies for Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), which is currently...

  19. Strategies Which Foster Broad Use and Deployment of Earth and Space Science Informal and Formal Education Resources

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meeson, Blanche W.; Gabrys, Robert; Ireton, M. Frank; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Education projects supported by federal agencies and carried out by a wide range of organizations foster learning about Earth and Space systems science in a wide array of venues. Across these agencies a range of strategies are employed to ensure that effective materials are created for these diverse venues. And that these materials are deployed broadly so that a large spectrum of the American Public, both adults and children alike, can learn and become excited by the Earth and space system science. This session will highlight some of those strategies and will cover representative examples to illustrate the effectiveness of the strategies. Invited speakers from selected formal and informal educational efforts will anchor this session. Speakers with representative examples are encouraged to submit abstracts for the session to showcase the strategies which they use.

  20. A Content Dissemination Framework for Vehicular Networking

    E-print Network

    Mascolo, Cecilia

    A Content Dissemination Framework for Vehicular Networking Ilias Leontiadis A dissertation of the University College London. Department of Computer Science 2009 #12;I, Ilias Leontiadis, confirm that the work

  1. 32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

  2. 32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

  3. 32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

  4. 32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

  5. 32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

  6. Effects of Information Distributions Strategies in a Web-Based Course Management System on Student Performance and Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lohman, Margaret C.

    2006-01-01

    The effects of three information distribution strategies on student performance and satisfaction were investigated. Data analysis found that distributing materials in class resulted in higher student performance on an end-of-the-semester knowledge test than when materials were distributed via a course management system at the beginning of the…

  7. Supporting information for Evolution of suicide as a defense strategy against pathogens in a spatially structured environment

    E-print Network

    Supporting information for Evolution of suicide as a defense strategy against pathogens ( ), the evolution of altruistic suicide is given by: (A2) This equation shows that, in a well-mixed environment, altruistic suicide is never selected for. At best, when there is no cost of altruistic suicide, the evolution

  8. Applying Future Studies Methods to Understanding the Impact of University Information and Communication Technology Strategies on Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aczel, J. C.; Hardy, P.

    2007-01-01

    This article aims to explore the potential of certain future studies techniques to provide insight into the question of the impact of higher education information and communication technology (ICT) strategies on student learning. The approach is to consider three case studies of new universities in different countries, and to identify the main…

  9. Successful Information and Communication Technology Implementation Strategies for Rural Communities: An Investigation of Tech-Based Economic Development Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Donna Annette

    2009-01-01

    Many rural communities across America face several obstacles in the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) initiatives and struggle with the best approaches for leveraging these elements into an economic development strategy. These obstacles include: lack of quality local ICTs infrastructure, funding, inability to…

  10. Smart-tag based data dissemination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allan Beaufour; Martin Leopold; Philippe Bonnet

    2002-01-01

    Monitoring wide, hostile areas requires disseminating data between fixed, disconnected clusters of sensor nodes. It is not always possible to install long-range radios in order to cover the whole area. We propose to leverage the movement of mobile individuals, equipped with smart-tags, to disseminate data across disconnected static nodes spread across a wide area. Static nodes and mobile smart-tags exchange

  11. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. C. Dale; C. de Sousa; W. K. Chong; T. C. S. Cox; B. Harding; B. G. R. Neville

    2000-01-01

    Summary Forty-eight children with disseminated demyelination of the CNS, 28 with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), seven with multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis (MDEM) and 13 with multiple sclerosis were studied for a mean follow-up period of 5.64 years. The presentation findings of the ADEM\\/MDEM group were compared with those of the multiple sclerosis group. The following findings were more commonly seen in

  12. Dissemination of a highly virulent pathogen: tracking the early events that define infection.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez, Rodrigo J; Lane, M Chelsea; Wagner, Nikki J; Weening, Eric H; Miller, Virginia L

    2015-01-01

    The series of events that occurs immediately after pathogen entrance into the body is largely speculative. Key aspects of these events are pathogen dissemination and pathogen interactions with the immune response as the invader moves into deeper tissues. We sought to define major events that occur early during infection of a highly virulent pathogen. To this end, we tracked early dissemination of Yersinia pestis, a highly pathogenic bacterium that causes bubonic plague in mammals. Specifically, we addressed two fundamental questions: (1) do the bacteria encounter barriers in disseminating to draining lymph nodes (LN), and (2) what mechanism does this nonmotile bacterium use to reach the LN compartment, as the prevailing model predicts trafficking in association with host cells. Infection was followed through microscopy imaging in addition to assessing bacterial population dynamics during dissemination from the skin. We found and characterized an unexpected bottleneck that severely restricts bacterial dissemination to LNs. The bacteria that do not pass through this bottleneck are confined to the skin, where large numbers of neutrophils arrive and efficiently control bacterial proliferation. Notably, bottleneck formation is route dependent, as it is abrogated after subcutaneous inoculation. Using a combination of approaches, including microscopy imaging, we tested the prevailing model of bacterial dissemination from the skin into LNs and found no evidence of involvement of migrating phagocytes in dissemination. Thus, early stages of infection are defined by a bottleneck that restricts bacterial dissemination and by neutrophil-dependent control of bacterial proliferation in the skin. Furthermore, and as opposed to current models, our data indicate an intracellular stage is not required by Y. pestis to disseminate from the skin to draining LNs. Because our findings address events that occur during early encounters of pathogen with the immune response, this work can inform efforts to prevent or control infection. PMID:25611317

  13. CDC's Health Equity Resource Toolkit: disseminating guidance for state practitioners to address obesity disparities.

    PubMed

    Payne, Gayle Holmes; James, Stephen D; Hawley, Lisa; Corrigan, Bethany; Kramer, Rachel E; Overton, Samantha N; Farris, Rosanne P; Wasilewski, Yvonne

    2015-01-01

    Obesity has been on the rise in the United States over the past three decades, and is high. In addition to population-wide trends, it is clear that obesity affects some groups more than others and can be associated with age, income, education, gender, race and ethnicity, and geographic region. To reverse the obesity epidemic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) promotes evidence-based and practice-informed strategies to address nutrition and physical activity environments and behaviors. These public health strategies require translation into actionable approaches that can be implemented by state and local entities to address disparities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention used findings from an expert panel meeting to guide the development and dissemination of the Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity Disparities (available at http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/health_equity/toolkit.html). The Toolkit helps public health practitioners take a systematic approach to program planning using a health equity lens. The Toolkit provides a six-step process for planning, implementing, and evaluating strategies to address obesity disparities. Each section contains (a) a basic description of the steps of the process and suggested evidence-informed actions to help address obesity disparities, (b) practical tools for carrying out activities to help reduce obesity disparities, and (c) a "real-world" case study of a successful state-level effort to address obesity with a focus on health equity that is particularly relevant to the content in that section. Hyperlinks to additional resources are included throughout. PMID:24962967

  14. Information management strategies within conversations about cigarette smoking: parenting correlates and longitudinal associations with teen smoking.

    PubMed

    Metzger, Aaron; Wakschlag, Lauren S; Anderson, Ryan; Darfler, Anne; Price, Juliette; Flores, Zujeil; Mermelstein, Robin

    2013-08-01

    The present study examined smoking-specific and general parenting predictors of in vivo observed patterns of parent-adolescent discussion concerning adolescents' cigarette smoking experiences and associations between these observed patterns and 24-month longitudinal trajectories of teen cigarette smoking behavior (nonsmokers, current experimenters, escalators). Parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent information management were coded from direct observations of 528 video-recorded parent-adolescent discussions about cigarette smoking with 344 teens (M age = 15.62 years) with a history of smoking experimentation (321 interactions with mothers, 207 interactions with fathers). Adolescent initiation of discussions concerning their own smoking behavior (21% of interactions) was predicted by lower levels of maternal observed disapproval of cigarette smoking and fewer teen-reported communication problems with mothers. Maternal initiation in discussions (35% of interactions) was associated with higher levels of family rules about illicit substance use. Three categories of adolescent information management (full disclosure, active secrecy, incomplete strategies) were coded by matching adolescents' confidential self-reported smoking status with their observed spontaneous disclosures and responses to parental solicitations. Fully disclosing teens reported higher quality communication with their mothers (more open, less problematic). Teens engaged in active secrecy with their mothers when families had high levels of parental rules about illicit substance use and when mothers expressed lower levels of expectancies that their teen would smoke in the future. Adolescents were more likely to escalate their smoking over 2 years if their parents initiated the discussion of adolescent smoking behavior (solicited) and if adolescents engaged in active secrecy. PMID:23148939

  15. Information Management Strategies Within Conversations About Cigarette Smoking: Parenting Correlates and Longitudinal Associations With Teen Smoking

    PubMed Central

    Metzger, Aaron; Wakschlag, Lauren S.; Anderson, Ryan; Darfler, Anne; Price, Juliette; Flores, Zujeil; Mermelstein, Robin

    2013-01-01

    The present study examined smoking-specific and general parenting predictors of in vivo observed patterns of parent–adolescent discussion concerning adolescents’ cigarette smoking experiences and associations between these observed patterns and 24-month longitudinal trajectories of teen cigarette smoking behavior (nonsmokers, current experimenters, escalators). Parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent information management were coded from direct observations of 528 video-recorded parent–adolescent discussions about cigarette smoking with 344 teens (M age = 15.62 years) with a history of smoking experimentation (321 interactions with mothers, 207 interactions with fathers). Adolescent initiation of discussions concerning their own smoking behavior (21% of interactions) was predicted by lower levels of maternal observed disapproval of cigarette smoking and fewer teen-reported communication problems with mothers. Maternal initiation in discussions (35% of interactions) was associated with higher levels of family rules about illicit substance use. Three categories of adolescent information management (full disclosure, active secrecy, incomplete strategies) were coded by matching adolescents’ confidential self-reported smoking status with their observed spontaneous disclosures and responses to parental solicitations. Fully disclosing teens reported higher quality communication with their mothers (more open, less problematic). Teens engaged in active secrecy with their mothers when families had high levels of parental rules about illicit substance use and when mothers expressed lower levels of expectancies that their teen would smoke in the future. Adolescents were more likely to escalate their smoking over 2 years if their parents initiated the discussion of adolescent smoking behavior (solicited) and if adolescents engaged in active secrecy. PMID:23148939

  16. Strategy to use the Terra Aerosol Information to Derive the Global Aerosol Radiative Forcing of Climate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaufman, Yoram J.; Tanre, Didier; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    Terra will derive the aerosol optical thickness and properties. The aerosol properties can be used to distinguish between natural and human-made aerosol. In the polar orbit Terra will measure aerosol only once a day, around 10:30 am. How will we use this information to study the global radiative impacts of aerosol on climate? We shall present a strategy to address this problem. It includes the following steps: - From the Terra aerosol optical thickness and size distribution model we derive the effect of aerosol on reflection of solar radiation at the top of the atmosphere. In a sensitivity study we show that the effect of aerosol on solar fluxes can be derived 10 times more accurately from the MODIS data than derivation of the optical thickness itself. Applications to data over several regions will be given. - Using 1/2 million AERONET global data of aerosol spectral optical thickness we show that the aerosol optical thickness and properties during the Terra 10:30 pass are equivalent to the daily average. Due to the aerosol lifetime of several days measurements at this time of the day are enough to assess the daily impact of aerosol on radiation. - Aerosol impact on the top of the atmosphere is only part of the climate question. The INDOEX experiment showed that addressing the impact of aerosol on climate, requires also measurements of the aerosol forcing at the surface. This can be done by a combination of measurements of MODIS and AERONET data.

  17. [Flipped Classroom: A New Teaching Strategy for Integrating Information Technology Into Nursing Education].

    PubMed

    Chiou, Shwu-Fen; Su, Hsiu-Chuan; Liu, Kuei-Fen; Hwang, Hei-Fen

    2015-06-01

    The traditional "teacher-centered" instruction model is still currently pervasive in nursing education. However, this model does not stimulate the critical thinking or foster the self-learning competence of students. In recent years, the rapid development of information technology and the changes in educational philosophy have encouraged the development of the "flipped classroom" concept. This concept completely subverts the traditional instruction model by allowing students to access and use related learning activities prior to class on their smartphones or tablet computers. Implementation of this concept has been demonstrated to facilitate greater classroom interaction between teachers and students, to stimulate student thinking, to guide problem solving, and to encourage cooperative learning and knowledge utilization in order to achieve the ideal of student-centered education. This student-centered model of instruction coincides with the philosophy of nursing education and may foster the professional competence of nursing students. The flipped classroom is already an international trend, and certain domestic education sectors have adopted and applied this concept as well. However, this concept has only just begun to make its mark on nursing education. This article describes the concept of the flipped classroom, the implementation myth, the current experience with implementing this concept in international healthcare education, and the challenging issues. We hope to provide a reference for future nursing education administrators who are responsible to implement flipped classroom teaching strategies in Taiwan. PMID:26073950

  18. Disseminating research findings: what should researchers do? A systematic scoping review of conceptual frameworks

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Addressing deficiencies in the dissemination and transfer of research-based knowledge into routine clinical practice is high on the policy agenda both in the UK and internationally. However, there is lack of clarity between funding agencies as to what represents dissemination. Moreover, the expectations and guidance provided to researchers vary from one agency to another. Against this background, we performed a systematic scoping to identify and describe any conceptual/organising frameworks that could be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activity. Methods We searched twelve electronic databases (including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO), the reference lists of included studies and of individual funding agency websites to identify potential studies for inclusion. To be included, papers had to present an explicit framework or plan either designed for use by researchers or that could be used to guide dissemination activity. Papers which mentioned dissemination (but did not provide any detail) in the context of a wider knowledge translation framework, were excluded. References were screened independently by at least two reviewers; disagreements were resolved by discussion. For each included paper, the source, the date of publication, a description of the main elements of the framework, and whether there was any implicit/explicit reference to theory were extracted. A narrative synthesis was undertaken. Results Thirty-three frameworks met our inclusion criteria, 20 of which were designed to be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activities. Twenty-eight included frameworks were underpinned at least in part by one or more of three different theoretical approaches, namely persuasive communication, diffusion of innovations theory, and social marketing. Conclusions There are currently a number of theoretically-informed frameworks available to researchers that can be used to help guide their dissemination planning and activity. Given the current emphasis on enhancing the uptake of knowledge about the effects of interventions into routine practice, funders could consider encouraging researchers to adopt a theoretically-informed approach to their research dissemination. PMID:21092164

  19. Responding to Illegal Inquiries on Job Application Blanks: The Effects of Information Management Strategy, Gender, and Position Type on Applicant Ratings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bredeson, P. V.

    1992-01-01

    Effects of an applicant's information management strategy while responding to a job application item requesting illegal candidate information and moderating effects of applicant sex and position were studied for 12 hypothetical school job applicants with 108 graduate student raters. The interactions of strategy, sex, and position have important…

  20. The Tacking Knowledge Strategy Claudio Ciborra, Konrad Lorenz and the Ecology of Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Ricciardi

    This work focuses on an issue that Lorenz identifies as fundamental among human cognitive strategies: what we could call the tacking knowledge strategy.\\u000a \\u000a Knowledge doesn’t go on straight: like a sailing boat coursing against the wind, it must turn and turn again, frequently changing\\u000a its approaches. This strategy implies that rationality is not, according to Lorenz, the apex and the

  1. Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

    2012-01-01

    The sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free materials. Half of the ski areas were randomly assigned to a theory-based Enhanced Dissemination Strategy (EDS) with personal contact supporting GSS use. Use of GSS was assessed at immediate and long-term follow-up posttests by on-site observation. Use of GSS declined from the immediate (M=5.72) to the long-term follow-up (M=6.24), F[1,62]=6.95, p=.01, but EDS ski areas (M=6.53) continued to use GSS more than BDS ski areas (M=4.49), F(1,62)=5.75, p=0.02, regardless of observation, F(1,60)=0.05, p=.83. Despite declines over time, a group of ski areas had sustained high program use and active dissemination methods had sustained positive effects on GSS implementation. PMID:22102323

  2. Studies of Educational Dissemination and Utilization: Annual Final Report of the Educational Dissemination Studies Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hood, Paul D.; And Others

    This report reviews the 1980 activities of the Educational Dissemination Studies Program (EDSP), which is designed to (1) establish efficient means of communication for analyzing, monitoring, and communicating the status, needs, and accomplishments of educational dissemination performers; (2) increase the quality of and access to knowledge…

  3. Sharing Dissemination Responsibilities: A Guide for Articulating Vocational Education Disseminating Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hull, William L.; Oldsen, Carl F.

    Designed for state vocational education Research Coordinating Units (RCU) personnel who manage dissemination programs, this guide offers suggestions for sharing dissemination responsibility with other state programs. The guide examines the possibilities of integrating activities in a horizontal dimension, i.e., across state educational agency…

  4. Delay Analysis of Car-to-Car Reliable Data Delivery Strategies Based on Data Mulling with Network Coding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Joon-Sang; Lee, Uichin; Oh, Soon Young; Gerla, Mario; Lun, Desmond Siumen; Ro, Won Woo; Park, Joonseok

    Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET) aims to enhance vehicle navigation safety by providing an early warning system: any chance of accidents is informed through the wireless communication between vehicles. For the warning system to work, it is crucial that safety messages be reliably delivered to the target vehicles in a timely manner and thus reliable and timely data dissemination service is the key building block of VANET. Data mulling technique combined with three strategies, network codeing, erasure coding and repetition coding, is proposed for the reliable and timely data dissemination service. Particularly, vehicles in the opposite direction on a highway are exploited as data mules, mobile nodes physically delivering data to destinations, to overcome intermittent network connectivity cause by sparse vehicle traffic. Using analytic models, we show that in such a highway data mulling scenario the network coding based strategy outperforms erasure coding and repetition based strategies.

  5. Final Product Strategies in Purchasing and Their Impact on the Information Needs of the Organisation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inbar, David

    Purchasing contributes significantly to an organization and to its business strategy only if its activities and contracts with suppliers are guided by support criteria for the final products that the organization sells. Outlined in this paper are four innovative purchasing strategies: capitation contracts; product life cycle cost contracts;…

  6. An agent strategy for automated stock market trading combining price and order book information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gheorghe Cosmin Silaghi; Valentin Robu

    2005-01-01

    This paper proposes a novel automated agent strategy for stock market trading, developed in the context of the Penn-Lehman automated trading (PLAT) simulation platform by Kearns, M., and Ortiz, L., (2003). We provide a comprehensive experimental validation of our strategy using historic order book data from the NASDAQ market

  7. Analyzing Student Search Strategies: Making a Case for Integrating Information Literacy Skills into the Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Thomas J.; O'Sullivan, Michael K.

    2005-01-01

    Most high school students employ the basic search strategy of keyword searching that most search engines use. However, students get frustrated and end up surfing from one site to another or abandoning their search in frustration. In this article, the author discusses several strategies that can be used by students to understand the nature of…

  8. KNOs: KNowledge Acquisition, Dissemination and

    E-print Network

    Nierstrasz, Oscar

    the notion of "auto- mated office assistants" for office workers. Office work is intellectual so we. 1 Introduction One of the main reasons for the advent of Office Information Systems is related to the lack of equipment and tools in offices. It is often pointed out that an average office worker has

  9. Precise time dissemination via portable atomic clocks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Putkovich, K.

    1982-01-01

    The most precise operational method of time dissemination over long distances presently available to the Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) community of users is by means of portable atomic clocks. The Global Positioning System (GPS), the latest system showing promise of replacing portable clocks for global PTTI dissemination, was evaluated. Although GPS has the technical capability of providing superior world-wide dissemination, the question of present cost and future accessibility may require a continued reliance on portable clocks for a number of years. For these reasons a study of portable clock operations as they are carried out today was made. The portable clock system that was utilized by the U.S. Naval Observatory (NAVOBSY) in the global synchronization of clocks over the past 17 years is described and the concepts on which it is based are explained. Some of its capabilities and limitations are also discussed.

  10. Information and Communication Technology: Students' Health Education in 1st- to 6th-Grade South Korea Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Eunjoo; Park, Hyejin; Whyte, James; Jeong, Eunhoe

    2013-01-01

    Background: The purposes of this study were to (1) identify school nurses' awareness of information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' health education and (2) explore the barriers or reasons for the adoption of ICT in school nursing practice, while (3) presenting strategies to speed ICT diffusion and dissemination into…

  11. Observatory of the Information Society

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Observatory of the Information Society, an extensive Website developed by UNESCO, aims "to raise awareness on the ethical, legal, and societal challenges brought about by new [information and communication] technologies." The site collects and disseminates current information for UNESCO's 186 Member States, focusing on four themes: Privacy and Confidentiality, Content Regulation, Multilingualism, and Access to Public Domain Information. The Privacy and Confidentiality section encompasses issues such as the protection of personal data, cryptography, and digital signatures. The Content Regulation section covers topics including the freedom of expression, violence in cyberspace, and child protection. The Multilingualism section offers resources on linguistic rights, diversity promotion, and language technologies. The Access to Public Domain Information section contains documents related to the public information policies adopted by various nations. The site also includes Action Plans, Strategies and Policies, a section that provides resources on the information infrastructures of international organizations and countries worldwide.

  12. The development of a methodology to quantify the impacts of information management strategies on EPC projects

    E-print Network

    Moreau, Karen Anne

    1997-01-01

    . Information management functions may include the creation, capture or entry, manipulation, exchange, and storage of information. ) For instance, consider management of information for an assembly module from the point of creation in the design model through...

  13. Informing the public about information and participation strategies in the siting of mobile communication base stations: an experimental study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter M. Wiedemann; Holger Schütz

    2008-01-01

    Informing the public and ensuring their participation are considered important characteristics for a successful siting of mobile communication base stations. However, there is only sparse empirical evidence for this presumption. In particular, nothing is known about whether informing people that a siting decision is based on public information and participation activities has any positive effects. The experimental study presented here

  14. Improved mapping strategy to better inform policy on the control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Sierra Leone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Hodges; Nsa Dada; Anna Wamsley; Jusufu Paye; Emanuel Nyorkor; Mustapha Sonnie; Guy Barnish; Moses Bockarie; Yaobi Zhang

    2011-01-01

    Background  Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) are endemic in Sierra Leone confirmed by national mapping in 2008.\\u000a To better inform planning of preventive chemotherapy strategy, another survey was conducted before mass drug administration\\u000a (MDA) in seven districts according to the mapping results or local knowledge. Fifty-nine chiefdoms and one school in every\\u000a chiefdom were selected. Thirty school children aged 9-14 years

  15. Disseminated cryptococcosis including osteomyelitis in a horse.

    PubMed

    Lenard, Z M; Lester, N V; O'hara, A J; Hopper, B J; Lester, G D

    2007-01-01

    A 4-year-old Arab mare was diagnosed with disseminated cryptococcosis, including osteomyelitis of the proximal phalanx of the left hind limb, osteomyelitis with associated soft tissue granuloma of a rib and disseminated, large cryptococcal nodules in the lungs. The lesion in the dorsoproximal aspect of the proximal phalanx had a large area of cortical lysis with spiculated periosteal new bone and extensive soft tissue swelling. The affected rib had a pathological fracture. Cryptococcal osteomyelitis has not been previously reported in horses but should be considered as a differential diagnosis, particularly in endemic regions. PMID:17300456

  16. Statewide dissemination of a rural, non-chain restaurant intervention: adoption, implementation and maintenance.

    PubMed

    Nothwehr, F; Haines, H; Chrisman, M; Schultz, U

    2014-06-01

    The obesity epidemic calls for greater dissemination of nutrition-related programs, yet there remain few studies of the dissemination process. This study, guided by elements of the RE-AIM model, describes the statewide dissemination of a simple, point-of-purchase restaurant intervention. Conducted in rural counties of the Midwest, United States, the study targeted randomly selected, non-chain, family-style restaurants. Owners were recruited through mail, then telephone follow-up. Data were collected through telephone at baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 18 months post-adoption. Using mixed methods, measures captured the program adoption rate, characteristics of adopters and non-adopters, program implementation and maintenance issues, and owner and customer satisfaction. Analyses involved descriptive statistics and summaries of qualitative data. The program adoption rate was 28%. Adopters were similar to responding non-adopters demographically, but varied in attitudes. The majority of restaurants maintained the program for at least 12 months. Adopters and their customers expressed satisfaction with the program. With some adjustments, the RE-AIM model was helpful in guiding evaluation of this process. Results provide implications for future dissemination of this and other programs with regard to research procedures and potential barriers that may be encountered. Research on alternative strategies for widespread dissemination of such programs is needed in this and other settings. PMID:24650944

  17. Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT): dissemination and applications in primary care.

    PubMed

    Azevedo, Pedro; Correia de Sousa, Jaime; Bousquet, Jean; Bugalho-Almeida, António; Del Giacco, Stefano R; Demoly, Pascal; Haahtela, Tari; Jacinto, Tiago; Garcia-Larsen, Vanessa; van der Molen, Thys; Morais-Almeida, Mário; Nogueira-Silva, Luis; Pereira, Ana M; Rodríguez, Miguel Román; Silva, Bárbara G; Tsiligianni, Ioanna G; Yaman, Hakan; Yawn, Barbara; Fonseca, João A

    2013-03-01

    Asthma frequently occurs in association with allergic rhinitis and a combined management approach has been suggested. The Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT) is the first questionnaire to assess control of both diseases concurrently. However, to have an impact on healthcare it needs to be disseminated and adopted. In this paper we discuss the dissemination of CARAT in different countries and its possible applications in primary care. At present, the adaptation of CARAT for use in different languages and cultures is being led by volunteer researchers and clinicians in 15 countries. Website and smartphone applications have been developed, and a free open model of distribution was adopted to contribute to the dissemination of CARAT. Examples of dissemination activities include distribution of leaflets and posters, educational sessions on the use of the questionnaire in the follow-up of patients, development of clinical studies, collaborations with professional organisations and health authorities, and the inclusion of CARAT in clinical guidelines. The adoption of innovations is an important challenge in healthcare today, and research on the degree of success of dissemination strategies using suitable methods and metrics is much needed. We propose that CARAT can be used in a range of settings and circumstances in primary care for clinical, research and audit purposes, within the overall aim of increasing awareness of the level of disease control and strengthening the partnership between patients and doctors in the management of asthma and rhinitis. PMID:23412110

  18. Electronic dissemination media for promoting ICNP in CEE countries.

    PubMed

    Moisil, I I; Jitaru, E; Pertache, I

    1999-01-01

    The TeleNurse ID-ENTITY Inco-Copernicus project, co-ordinated by Randi A. Mortensen, director of the Danish Institute for Health and Nursing Research, is offering to the health informatics community of CEE countries a frame and an opportunity to determine nurses to become active actors in the development of the nursing language and terminology and to promote nursing informatics. This is of great importance, for these countries do not have yet a standard for the electronic patient record and the standard that will be proposed has to incorporate a nursing minimum data set. The ICNP1(International Classification of Nursing Practices) classification of nursing phenomena and interventions is a polyhierarchical, multi-axial classification system, allowing different concepts in nursing practice and from different classification systems, to be expressed as combinations of ICNP concepts, located on different axis. The features of ICNP are making it a sound candidate for a standard computerised nursing language. As part of the general strategy for promoting and disseminating ICNP in CEEC, CCSSDM has developed an electronic environment based on Internet and WWW facilities. The main composant and characteristics of this electronic dissemination environment are described in this paper. PMID:10725034

  19. User data dissemination concepts for earth resources: Executive summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davies, R.; Scott, M.; Mitchell, C.; Torbett, A.

    1976-01-01

    The impact of the future capabilities of earth-resources data sensors (both satellite and airborne) and their requirements on the data dissemination network were investigated and optimum ways of configuring this network were determined. The scope of this study was limited to the continental U.S.A. (including Alaska) and to the 1985-1995 time period. Some of the conclusions and recommendations reached were: (1) Data from satellites in sun-synchronous polar orbits (700-920 km) will generate most of the earth-resources data in the specified time period. (2) Data from aircraft and shuttle sorties cannot be readily integrated in a data-dissemination network unless already preprocessed in a digitized form to a standard geometric coordinate system. (3) Data transmission between readout stations and central preprocessing facilities, and between processing facilities and user facilities are most economically performed by domestic communication satellites. (4) The effect of the following factors should be studied: cloud cover, expanded coverage, pricing strategies, multidiscipline missions.

  20. Cyr61 silencing reduces vascularization and dissemination of osteosarcoma tumors.

    PubMed

    Habel, N; Vilalta, M; Bawa, O; Opolon, P; Blanco, J; Fromigué, O

    2015-06-11

    Osteosarcoma is the most prevalent primary pediatric cancer-related bone disease. These tumors frequently develop resistance to chemotherapy and are highly metastatic, leading to poor outcome. Thus, there is a need for new therapeutic strategies that can prevent cell dissemination. We previously showed that CYR61/CCN1 expression in osteosarcoma cells is correlated to aggressiveness both in vitro and in vivo in mouse models, as well as in patients. In this study, we found that CYR61 is a critical contributor to the vascularization of primary tumor. We demonstrate that silencing CYR61, using lentiviral transduction, leads to a significant reduction in expression level of pro-angiogenic markers such as VEGF, FGF2, PECAM and angiopoietins concomitantly to an increased expression of major anti-angiogenic markers such as thrombospondin-1 and SPARC. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 family member expression, a key pathway in osteosarcoma metastatic capacity was also downregulated when CYR61 was downregulated in osteosarcoma cells. Using a metastatic murine model, we show that CYR61 silencing in osteosarcoma cells results in reduced tumor vasculature and slows tumor growth compared with control. We also find that microvessel density correlates with lung metastasis occurrence and that CYR61 silencing in osteosarcoma cells limits the number of metastases. Taken together, our data indicate that CYR61 silencing can blunt the malignant behavior of osteosarcoma tumor cells by limiting primary tumor growth and dissemination process. PMID:25065593

  1. Pathwise Strategies for Stochastic Differential Games with an Erratum to 'Stochastic Differential Games with Asymmetric Information'

    SciTech Connect

    Cardaliaguet, P., E-mail: cardaliaguet@ceremade.dauphine.fr [Universite Paris-Dauphine, Ceremade (France); Rainer, C., E-mail: Catherine.Rainer@univ-brest.fr [Universite de Bretagne Occidentale (France)

    2013-08-01

    We introduce a new notion of pathwise strategies for stochastic differential games. This allows us to give a correct meaning to some statement asserted in Cardaliaguet and Rainer (Appl. Math. Optim. 59: 1-36, 2009)

  2. University Staff Perspectives on Change Management Strategies in Student Information System Adoption

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsang-Kosma, Winnie W.

    2010-01-01

    The process of information technology adoption and use is critical to deriving benefits of information technology. Thus, one of the most challenging issues in information systems research is to understand how people have experienced the adoption process that may lead to insights to why they accept or reject the information technology (Davis,…

  3. Weather data dissemination to aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcfarland, Richard H.; Parker, Craig B.

    1990-01-01

    Documentation exists that shows weather to be responsible for approximately 40 percent of all general aviation accidents with fatalities. Weather data products available on the ground are becoming more sophisticated and greater in number. Although many of these data are critical to aircraft safety, they currently must be transmitted verbally to the aircraft. This process is labor intensive and provides a low rate of information transfer. Consequently, the pilot is often forced to make life-critical decisions based on incomplete and outdated information. Automated transmission of weather data from the ground to the aircraft can provide the aircrew with accurate data in near-real time. The current National Airspace System Plan calls for such an uplink capability to be provided by the Mode S Beacon System data link. Although this system has a very advanced data link capability, it will not be capable of providing adequate weather data to all airspace users in its planned configuration. This paper delineates some of the important weather data uplink system requirements, and describes a system which is capable of meeting these requirements. The proposed system utilizes a run-length coding technique for image data compression and a hybrid phase and amplitude modulation technique for the transmission of both voice and weather data on existing aeronautical Very High Frequency (VHF) voice communication channels.

  4. Real-time dissemination of air quality information using data streams and Web technologies: linking air quality to health risks in urban areas / Izvješ?ivanje o kvaliteti zraka u stvarnom vremenu kontinuiranim prijenosom podataka i web tehnologijama - povezivanje kvalitete zraka sa zdravstvenim rizicima u urbanim sredinama.

    PubMed

    Davila, Silvije; Ili?, Jadranka Pe?ar; Bešli?, Ivan

    2015-06-01

    This article presents a new, original application of modern information and communication technology to provide effective real-time dissemination of air quality information and related health risks to the general public. Our on-line subsystem for urban real-time air quality monitoring is a crucial component of a more comprehensive integrated information system, which has been developed by the Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health. It relies on a StreamInsight data stream management system and service-oriented architecture to process data streamed from seven monitoring stations across Zagreb. Parameters that are monitored include gases (NO, NO2, CO, O3, H2S, SO2, benzene, NH3), particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), and meteorological data (wind speed and direction, temperature and pressure). Streamed data are processed in real-time using complex continuous queries. They first go through automated validation, then hourly air quality index is calculated for every station, and a report sent to the Croatian Environment Agency. If the parameter values exceed the corresponding regulation limits for three consecutive hours, the web service generates an alert for population groups at risk. Coupled with the Common Air Quality Index model, our web application brings air pollution information closer to the general population and raises awareness about environmental and health issues. Soon we intend to expand the service to a mobile application that is being developed. PMID:26110480

  5. Insect dissemination of bacterial plant diseases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. C. Hayward

    1974-01-01

    Insects can readily spread certain bacterial pathogens as well as make the wound through which infection occurs, but with few exceptions bacterial diseases are not entirely dependent on insects for their dissemination or for the inoculation of the pathogen into the plant tissues. In fireblight of pome fruits caused by Erwinia amylovora pollinating insects are known to carry bacterial ooze

  6. 34 CFR 75.192 - Dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    If an applicant proposes to publish and disseminate curricula or instructional materials under a grant, the applicant shall include an assurance in its application that the curricula or materials will reach the populations for which the curricula or materials were developed. (Authority: 20...

  7. Hypoadrenal crisis caused by disseminated histoplasmosis.

    PubMed

    Lee, J; Jones, P H; Trowell, J E; Whitear, W P; Williams, P F

    1993-09-01

    We report a case of disseminated histoplasmosis presenting with acute renal impairment due to adrenal insufficiency. The finding of bilateral adrenal gland enlargement on abdominal ultrasound examination led to a diagnostic CT-guided adrenal biopsy. Prolonged therapy with amphotericin and itraconazole resulted in a clinical cure, although the patient still requires adrenal replacement therapy. PMID:8228301

  8. Dissemination of reconfiguration policies on mesh networks

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Dissemination of reconfiguration policies on mesh networks Fran¸cois Fouquet, Erwan Daubert, No, a remaining challenge is to safely propagate reconfiguration policies of component-based systems to ensure reconfiguration policies. We evaluate a combination of gossip-based algorithms and vector clock techniques

  9. Digitizing, Coding, Annotating, Disseminating, and Preserving Documents

    E-print Network

    Nagy, George

    Digitizing, Coding, Annotating, Disseminating, and Preserving Documents George Nagy ECSE Doc-contrast, tightly-set documents because the conversion of documents to coded (searchable) form is lagging far behind conversion to image formats. At the same time, the prevalence of im- aged documents over coded documents

  10. NBS time and frequency dissemination services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Howe

    1979-01-01

    Detailed descriptions are given of the time and frequency dissemination services of the National Bureau of Standards. These services include the broadcasts from radio stations WWV, WWVH, WWVB, and WWVL, and new times and frequency calibration services using television. The services available on 1 April 1979 are indicated. A list of other publications available about the Time and Frequency Division

  11. NBS time and frequency dissemination services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. L. Howe

    1976-01-01

    Detailed descriptions are given of the time and frequency dissemination services of the National Bureau of Standards. These services include the broadcasts from radio stations WWV, WWVH, WWVB, and WWVL, and new time and frequency calibration services using television. This publication shows the services available on January 1, 1976. It will be updated only when the services are revised or

  12. A Disseminator's Guide for Evaluating Impact.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, David, Ed.; And Others

    Assisting disseminators to evaluate their efforts at improving education through effective practices and products is the aim of this guide. Offering suggested approaches within a framework, it attempts to work with objectives already defined, rather than helping with writing objectives. Given in five parts: (1) introduction and overview; (2)…

  13. Factors that Influence Dissemination in Engineering Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazen, B. T.; Wu, Yun; Sankar, C. S.

    2012-01-01

    Although the need for new educational materials and methods in engineering education is increasing, the process of disseminating (making target groups become aware of, accept, and use) these innovations remains a challenge. A literature review shows that few studies have thoroughly investigated this area. The purpose of this article is to identify…

  14. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis presenting with hypertensive emergency.

    PubMed

    Ganguly, Samrat; Das, Mousumi; Bagchi, Nilay Ranjan

    2014-04-01

    We report a 12-year-old girl presenting with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) along with hypertensive emergency. Hypertension persisted for few weeks following recovery and subsided with oral clonidine. Although autonomic instability in ADEM has been reported before, hypertensive emergency was not previously documented as presenting feature of ADEM. PMID:24327453

  15. New results in network information theory: scaling laws for wireless communication and optimal strategies for information transport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liang-Liang Xie; P. R. Kumar

    2002-01-01

    We present a network information theory for wireless communications. This theory addresses the following issues: (i) How the amount of information that can be carried over a wireless network scales as the number n of nodes in the network increases. (ii) Obtains bounds on the pre-constant in the scaling law, thus obtaining bounds on network capability as a function of

  16. Information display from board wargame for marketing strategy identification Stphane Goria

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    wargame tool for a market situation. Keywords: Competitive Intelligence, Creative competitive intelligence, Market Intelligence, Information visualization, Information display, Wargame, War game, Marketing Warfare- plementation and need an important organizational involvement. In addition, they work in a homogene- ous way

  17. From the Office of the National Coordinator: the strategy for advancing the exchange of health information.

    PubMed

    Williams, Claudia; Mostashari, Farzad; Mertz, Kory; Hogin, Emily; Atwal, Parmeeth

    2012-03-01

    Electronic health information exchange addresses a critical need in the US health care system to have information follow patients to support patient care. Today little information is shared electronically, leaving doctors without the information they need to provide the best care. With payment reforms providing a strong business driver, the demand for health information exchange is poised to grow. The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, Department of Health and Human Services, has led the process of establishing the essential building blocks that will support health information exchange. Over the coming year, this office will develop additional policies and standards that will make information exchange easier and cheaper and facilitate its use on a broader scale. PMID:22392663

  18. Informing through User-Centered Exploratory Search and Human-Computer Interaction Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Panagiotis Petratos

    In this article the subject of Informing through us er-centered Exploratory Search and Information Retrieval utilizing human-computer interaction stra tegies is analyzed. Exploratory Search is a new field that has sprung from the more general Inf ormation Retrieval. Informing Science is a trans-discipline which transcends a large variety o f fields and seeks how to best inform all the clients

  19. 45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...service providers, administrators, policy makers, university faculty, researchers, and the general public. (d) UAP dissemination...families. (f) The values of the UAP must be reflected in the language and images used in UAP products. (g) Dissemination...

  20. 45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...service providers, administrators, policy makers, university faculty, researchers, and the general public. (d) UAP dissemination...families. (f) The values of the UAP must be reflected in the language and images used in UAP products. (g) Dissemination...

  1. 45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...service providers, administrators, policy makers, university faculty, researchers, and the general public. (d) UAP dissemination...families. (f) The values of the UAP must be reflected in the language and images used in UAP products. (g) Dissemination...

  2. 45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...service providers, administrators, policy makers, university faculty, researchers, and the general public. (d) UAP dissemination...families. (f) The values of the UAP must be reflected in the language and images used in UAP products. (g) Dissemination...

  3. 45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...service providers, administrators, policy makers, university faculty, researchers, and the general public. (d) UAP dissemination...families. (f) The values of the UAP must be reflected in the language and images used in UAP products. (g) Dissemination...

  4. 10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients are encouraged to disseminate research results promptly. DOE reserves the right...appropriate, the reports resulting from research awards. (b) DOE may waive...

  5. 29 CFR 403.8 - Dissemination and verification of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...false Dissemination and verification of reports. 403.8 Section 403.8 Labor...STANDARDS LABOR ORGANIZATION ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORTS § 403.8 Dissemination and verification of reports. (a) Every labor organization...

  6. 29 CFR 403.8 - Dissemination and verification of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...false Dissemination and verification of reports. 403.8 Section 403.8 Labor...STANDARDS LABOR ORGANIZATION ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORTS § 403.8 Dissemination and verification of reports. (a) Every labor organization...

  7. 29 CFR 403.8 - Dissemination and verification of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...false Dissemination and verification of reports. 403.8 Section 403.8 Labor...STANDARDS LABOR ORGANIZATION ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORTS § 403.8 Dissemination and verification of reports. (a) Every labor organization...

  8. 29 CFR 403.8 - Dissemination and verification of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...false Dissemination and verification of reports. 403.8 Section 403.8 Labor...STANDARDS LABOR ORGANIZATION ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORTS § 403.8 Dissemination and verification of reports. (a) Every labor organization...

  9. 29 CFR 403.8 - Dissemination and verification of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...false Dissemination and verification of reports. 403.8 Section 403.8 Labor...STANDARDS LABOR ORGANIZATION ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORTS § 403.8 Dissemination and verification of reports. (a) Every labor organization...

  10. The value of travel information: Decision strategy-specific conceptualizations and numerical examples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caspar G. Chorus; Theo A. Arentze; Eric J. E. Molin; Harry J. P. Timmermans; Bert Van Wee

    2006-01-01

    Behavioral models of the perceived value of travel information are developed that take into account satisficing as well as maximizing behavior, and are suitable for the evaluation of information acquisition for alternative generation as well as assessment. This is done by integrating notions of search theory and Bayesian perception updating into a utilitarian framework of information value. In order to

  11. Preliminary analysis on international business negotiation strategy in a game with incomplete information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong Wei

    2010-01-01

    Negotiation is in practice a variable, dynamic, repetitive game with incomplete information. The game theory is a study of the decision process under the influence of people's interactive behavior and their interdependent existence. Therefore, it has profound impacts on negotiations. Information is the power. The more information you obtain, the easier it will be for you to make a good

  12. Next-Generation Sequencing of Disseminated Tumor Cells

    PubMed Central

    Møller, Elen K.; Kumar, Parveen; Voet, Thierry; Peterson, April; Van Loo, Peter; Mathiesen, Randi R.; Fjelldal, Renathe; Grundstad, Jason; Borgen, Elin; Baumbusch, Lars O.; Naume, Bjørn; Børresen-Dale, Anne-Lise; White, Kevin P.; Nord, Silje; Kristensen, Vessela N.

    2013-01-01

    Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) detected in the bone marrow have been shown as an independent prognostic factor for women with breast cancer. However, the mechanisms behind the tumor cell dissemination are still unclear and more detailed knowledge is needed to fully understand why some cells remain dormant and others metastasize. Sequencing of single cells has opened for the possibility to dissect the genetic content of subclones of a primary tumor, as well as DTCs. Previous studies of genetic changes in DTCs have employed single-cell array comparative genomic hybridization which provides information about larger aberrations. To date, next-generation sequencing provides the possibility to discover new, smaller, and copy neutral genetic changes. In this study, we performed whole-genome amplification and subsequently next-generation sequencing to analyze DTCs from two breast cancer patients. We compared copy-number profiles of the DTCs and the corresponding primary tumor generated from sequencing and SNP-comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) data, respectively. While one tumor revealed mostly whole-arm gains and losses, the other had more complex alterations, as well as subclonal amplification and deletions. Whole-arm gains or losses in the primary tumor were in general also observed in the corresponding DTC. Both primary tumors showed amplification of chromosome 1q and deletion of parts of chromosome 16q, which was recaptured in the corresponding DTCs. Interestingly, clear differences were also observed, indicating that the DTC underwent further evolution at the copy-number level. This study provides a proof-of-principle for sequencing of DTCs and correlation with primary copy-number profiles. The analyses allow insight into tumor cell dissemination and show ongoing copy-number evolution in DTCs compared to the primary tumors. PMID:24427740

  13. The Development of Strategies for the Assignment of Semantic Information to Unknown Lexemes in Text. Lenguas para Objetivos Especificas (Languages for Special Purposes), No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alderson, Charles; Alvarez, Guadalupe

    An English for Special Purposes (ESP) course being developed aims to give the students a series of techniques to help them handle vocabulary in a text, and teach them strategies for identifying meaning in context. Traditional strategies, such as the study of morphology, use of grammatical information, and exercises in dictionary usage, are…

  14. A development of the Geographical Information Projects Index in line with the Scottish Geographic Information Strategy: “One Scotland One Geography.” 

    E-print Network

    Bruce, David

    2008-12-04

    In 2006, a partnership between The University of Edinburgh, The Scottish Government and The Association of Geographic Information in Scotland lead to the production of an online service designed to encourage diffusion of ...

  15. The widest practicable dissemination: The NASA technical report server

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael; Accomazzi, Alberto

    1995-01-01

    The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA's information lead a gross-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial 6-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

  16. 76 FR 50479 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-15

    ...Approval; Comment Request; Lead-Based Paint Pre-Renovation Information Dissemination...for review and approval: Lead-Based Paint Pre- Renovation Information Dissemination...regulations.gov. Title: Lead-Based Paint Pre-Renovation Information...

  17. Beyond the Stucco Tower: Design, Development, and Dissemination of the SPARK Physical Education Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas L. McKenzie; James F. Sallis; Paul Rosengard

    2009-01-01

    School physical education plays an important role in public health. Nonetheless, there are few evidence-based, health-related, physical education programs and very little is known about how to disseminate them for widespread use. This article (a) presents background information and a review of the completed research on the SPARK (Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids) programs for elementary and middle

  18. Disseminating evidence-based practices in substance abuse treatment: A review with suggestions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William R. Miller; James L. Sorensen; Jeffrey A. Selzer; Gregory S. Brigham

    2006-01-01

    Although substance abuse professionals are generally open to new and better therapeutic methods, most evidence-based treatments do not easily find their way into practice. Natural diffusion processes for innovations in substance abuse treatments are relatively informal and have yielded a widely acknowledged gap between science and community practice. This review focuses on methods for effectively disseminating new treatment methods into

  19. Understanding Practitioners' Characteristics and Perspectives Prior to the Dissemination of an Evidence-Based Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumann, Barbara L.; Kolko, David J.; Collins, Kathryn; Herschell, Amy D.

    2006-01-01

    Objectives: To describe the characteristics and repertoires of community practitioners serving families involved in child physical abuse that may inform training and treatment dissemination efforts. The aims are to: (a) describe the background characteristics of these clinicians; (b) document their most common intervention techniques; (c) examine…

  20. A Campus-Community Partnership to Disseminate Health Internet Technology Resources among African Americans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littlefield, Melissa B.; Edwards, Lorece; Akers, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    The Internet is increasingly used to disseminate health information about diseases and prevention and to help in obtaining health services. Although technology can empower African Americans to adopt healthy lifestyles, the gap in usage between African Americans and Whites undermines the potential power of health Internet technology (IT) to…

  1. A multicast-query-based data dissemination protocol for wireless sensor networks with multiple mobile sinks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Sun; Chengnian Long; Cailian Chen; Xinping Guan

    2010-01-01

    In wireless sensor networks with mobile sinks, it is a challenge to design reasonable data dissemination protocols to realize reliable, real-time and efficient data transmission from multiple sources to multiple sinks. Recently, many protocols such as TTDD, GHT and LBDD are proposed to solve this problem. However, most of them depend on the whole network topology information to optimize the

  2. Evaluation and Dissemination of Educational Materials of Relevance in a Multicultural Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Gillian

    This paper discusses the evaluation and dissemination of educational materials of relevance in a multicultural society in the context of cultural diversity in Great Britain, and of information service provision in education. The background of multicultural education in the United Kingdom (UK) is discussed in terms of both societal and educational…

  3. Beyond the Stucco Tower: Design, Development, and Dissemination of the SPARK Physical Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Thomas L.; Sallis, James F.; Rosengard, Paul

    2009-01-01

    School physical education plays an important role in public health. Nonetheless, there are few evidence-based, health-related, physical education programs and very little is known about how to disseminate them for widespread use. This article (a) presents background information and a review of the completed research on the SPARK (Sports, Play, and…

  4. Load-balanced query dissemination in privacy-aware online communities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emiran Curtmola; Alin Deutsch; K. K. Ramakrishnan; Divesh Srivastava

    2010-01-01

    We propose a novel privacy-preserving distributed infrastructure in which data resides only with the publishers owning it. The infrastructure disseminates user queries to publishers, who answer them at their own discretion. The infrastructure enforces a publisher k-anonymity guarantee, which prevents leakage of information about which publishers are capable of answering a certain query. Given the virtual nature of the global

  5. Domain-Specific Search Strategies for the Effective Retrieval of Healthcare and Shopping Information

    E-print Network

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    using general-purpose search engines. METHOD Five healthcare search experts were recruited from threeDomain-Specific Search Strategies for the Effective Retrieval of Healthcare and Shopping domains such as healthcare. However, because many users lack domain-specific search knowledge

  6. Information Technology: Making It All Fit. Track VIII: Academic Computing Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

    Six papers from the 1988 CAUSE conference's Track VIII, Academic Computing Strategy, are presented. They include: "Achieving Institution-Wide Computer Fluency: A Five-Year Retrospective" (Paul J. Plourde); "A Methodology and a Policy for Building and Implementing a Strategic Computer Plan" (Frank B. Thomas); "Aligning Planning, Policy Development,…

  7. A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Djajalaksana, Yenni M.

    2011-01-01

    Many universities and colleges have placed increased emphasis on teaching excellence in higher education. Efforts to promote teaching excellence vary from the development of alternative new pedagogies as well as research exploring strategies to improve existing teaching practices. Logically, different disciplines employ different instructional…

  8. Revising marketing strategies for supplier selection criteria: small firm approach from the information and communications industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jussi Hätönen; Mika Ruokonen

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – Mainly due to their size, SMEs in the ICT industry are often at a disadvantage in supplier evaluation and therefore in the MNC supplier selection process. This paper aims to illustrate how they have realised their weakness and have created innovative strategies for alleviating the uncertainties associated with SMEs and thus for overcoming these natural disadvantages. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

  9. Facing Facts: Can the Face-Name Mnemonic Strategy Accommodate Additional Factual Information?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Russell N.; Levin, Joel R.

    2012-01-01

    In 3 experiments, undergraduates used their own best method (control) or an "imposed" face-name mnemonic strategy to associate 18 caricatured faces, names, and additional facts. On all immediate tests (prompted by the faces), and on the delayed tests of Experiments 2a and 2b combined, mnemonic students statistically outperformed control students…

  10. Online Search Strategies of Educational Administrators for Determining the Credibility of Information Gleaned from a Website

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, James L.; Oladunjoye, Ganiyu T.; Rose, Dale

    2008-01-01

    Based on a survey of 158 educational leaders situated in public schools, the level of educational leadership, whether a school superintendent or a principal in a secondary, middle-school, or elementary school, was not a significant factor in operational online strategies utilized or benchmarks relied upon for determining the credibility of…

  11. Dynamics of Agent Interaction: In search of strategies for optimal information sharing

    E-print Network

    Hammerton, James

    be a useful and effective strategy and how the topology and distribution of resources in the network of resources such as food. These social mecha- nisms secure a stable supply of resources by collectively buffering uncertainties associated with their acquisition. In the biological world, evolution has created

  12. Strategies for Improving Miners' Training. CDC Workplace Safety and Health Information Circular, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Robert H., Ed.

    These eight papers are intended to help prepare trainers of mine safety for an expected influx of younger workers as experienced miners retire and acquaint the trainers with strategies they can use to enhance their training effectiveness. "Principles of Adult Learning: Application for Mine Trainers" (Kathleen M. Kowalski, Charles Vaught) reviews…

  13. Ideal free distribution or dynamic game? An agent-based simulation study of trawling strategies with varying information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beecham, J. A.; Engelhard, G. H.

    2007-10-01

    An ecological economic model of trawling is presented to demonstrate the effect of trawling location choice strategy on net input (rate of economic gain of fish caught per time spent less costs). Fishing location choice is considered to be a dynamic process whereby trawlers chose from among a repertoire of plastic strategies that they modify if their gains fall below a fixed proportion of the mean gains of the fleet as a whole. The distribution of fishing across different areas of a fishery follows an approximate ideal free distribution (IFD) with varying noise due to uncertainty. The least-productive areas are not utilised because initial net input never reaches the mean yield of better areas subject to competitive exploitation. In cases, where there is a weak temporal autocorrelation between fish stocks in a specific location, a plastic strategy of local translocation between trawls mixed with longer-range translocation increases realised input. The trawler can change its translocation strategy in the light of information about recent trawling success compared to its long-term average but, in contrast to predictions of the Marginal Value Theorem (MVT) model, does not know for certain what it will find by moving, so may need to sample new patches. The combination of the two types of translocation mirrored beam-trawling strategies used by the Dutch fleet and the resultant distribution of trawling effort is confirmed by analysis of historical effort distribution of British otter trawling fleets in the North Sea. Fisheries exploitation represents an area where dynamic agent-based adaptive models may be a better representation of the economic dynamics of a fleet than classically inspired optimisation models.

  14. Screen more or screen more often? Using mathematical models to inform syphilis control strategies

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Syphilis incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) continues to rise despite attempts to increase screening and treatment uptake. We examined the marginal effect of increased frequency versus increased coverage of screening on syphilis incidence in Toronto, Canada. Methods We developed an agent-based, network model of syphilis transmission, representing a core population of 2,000 high-risk MSM. Epidemiological and biological parameters were drawn from regional surveillance data and literature-derived estimates. The pre-intervention period of the model was calibrated using surveillance data to identify 1000 credible simulations per strategy. Evaluated strategies included: annual syphilis screening at baseline coverage, increased screening frequency at baseline coverage, and increased coverage of annual screening. Intervention impact was measured as annual prevalence of detected infectious cases and syphilis incidence per year over 10 years. Results Of the strategies evaluated, increasing the frequency of syphilis screening to every three months was most effective in reducing reported and incident syphilis infections. Increasing the fraction of individuals tested, without increasing test frequency, resulted a smaller decline in incidence, because reductions in infectious syphilis via treatment were counterbalanced by increased incident syphilis among individuals with prior latent syphilis. For an equivalent number of additional tests performed annually, increased test frequency was consistently more effective than improved coverage. Conclusions Strategies that focus on higher frequency of testing in smaller fractions of the population were more effective in reducing syphilis incidence in a simulated MSM population. The findings highlight how treatment-induced loss of immunity can create unexpected results in screening-based control strategies. PMID:23800206

  15. A system architecture for filtering and disseminating data in sensors networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alayev, Yosef; Bar Noy, Amotz; Chen, Fangfei; Fermin, Iris; Pham, Tien; Pearson, Gavin; La Porta, Thomas F.

    2008-10-01

    In this paper we propose system architecture for providing direction and dissemination in military environments. We start with a description of the problem of direction and dissemination. We then present our high level architecture and describe the functions of the main system components on which we focus. This includes the types of information and means by which they may be delivered, the filtering and fusion engines employed to focus and limit the information sent to each personnel, and the schedulers used to determine the order of delivery. We consider a structure that includes sending information directly to personnel, or depending on bandwidth and delay constraints, sending meta-information to personnel to assist in self-retrieval of information from a peer-to-peer network of sensors and other personnel. We illustrate the operation of the architecture using a specific military scenario.

  16. Big Data and Smart Health Strategies: Findings from the Health Information Systems Perspective

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives To summarize excellent current research in the field of Health Information Systems. Method Creation of a synopsis of the articles selected for the 2014 edition of the IMIA Yearbook. Results Four papers from international peer reviewed journals were selected and are summarized. Conclusions Selected articles illustrate current research regarding the impact and the evaluation of health information technology and the latest developments in health information exchange. PMID:25123731

  17. Major cultural-compatibility complex: considerations on cross-cultural dissemination of patient safety programmes.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Heon-Jae; Pham, Julius C; Kim, Minji; Engineer, Cyrus; Pronovost, Peter J

    2012-07-01

    As the importance of patient safety has been broadly acknowledged, various improvement programmes have been developed. Many of the programmes with proven efficacy have been disseminated internationally. However, some of those attempts may encounter unexpected cross-cultural obstacles and may fail to harvest the expected success. Each country has different cultural background that has shaped the behavior of the constituents for centuries. It is crucial to take into account these cultural differences in effectively disseminating these programmes. As an organ transplantation requires tissue-compatibility between the donor and the recipient, there needs to be compatibility between the country where the program was originally developed and the nation implementing the program. Though no detailed guidelines exist to predict success, small-scale pilot tests can help evaluate whether a safety programme will work in a new cultural environment. Furthermore, a pilot programme helps reveal the source of potential conflict, so we can modify the original programme accordingly to better suit the culture to which it is to be applied. In addition to programme protocols, information about the cultural context of the disseminated programme should be conveyed during dissemination. Original programme designers should work closely with partnering countries to ensure that modifications do not jeopardise the original intention of the programme. By following this approach, we might limit barriers originating from cultural differences and increase the likelihood of success in cross-cultural dissemination. PMID:22328455

  18. Time dissemination in the Hydro Quebec network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Missout, G.; Lefrancois, W.; Laroche, L.

    1979-01-01

    The ever increasing complexity of electrical networks combined with the increasing cost of power losses during a network failure has led public utilities to become equipped with more powerful and precise tools for pinpointing the causes of such a fault. Hydro Quebec has developed and is now using a time dissemination system which uses a modified IRIG B code transmitted on its own telecommunication network. The reasons for using such a system and the way it was carried out are discrete.

  19. Virus dissemination via the lymphomyeloid complex.

    PubMed

    Yoffey, J M

    1990-06-01

    In the previous AIDS symposium organized by the Society, Witte and Witte (1) made a number of predictions, one of which was that in AIDS patients, "Lymph from the thoracic duct should be strongly positive for HIV." Though direct evidence for this is lacking, some early experiments of ours with vaccinia virus (2) are fully in accord with this prediction, to which they lend indirect support. In rabbits, nasally instilled vaccinia virus spreads via the lymphatic pathway (afferent peripheral lymph--deep cervical gland--efferent lymph--thoracic duct) in as short a time as nine hours. Virus is transported mainly in cells, for when the efferent lymph is centrifuged virus is found only in the cell sediment. It seems reasonable to assume that other viruses, including HIV, are similarly disseminated. Paradoxically, the lymphomyeloid complex both greatly facilitates the spread of virus, and at the same time, mounts the immunological defenses against the virus which it so effectively helps to disseminate. Whatever the portal of entry of the virus, its transport by migrating cells ensures its dissemination throughout the lymphomyeloid complex, including the bone marrow. The bone marrow is an integral part of the complex, as the prime source of B lymphocytes, T lymphocyte precursors, and many of the antigen-presenting cells as well as the granulocytes. There is some evidence concerning possible ways in which the bone marrow can contribute to the development of immune deficiency in AIDS patients. The bone marrow merits further study in this context. PMID:2214864

  20. Emotion regulation strategies that promote learning: reappraisal enhances children's memory for educational information.

    PubMed

    Davis, Elizabeth L; Levine, Linda J

    2013-01-01

    The link between emotion regulation and academic achievement is well documented. Less is known about specific emotion regulation strategies that promote learning. Six- to 13-year-olds (N = 126) viewed a sad film and were instructed to reappraise the importance, reappraise the outcome, or ruminate about the sad events; another group received no regulation instructions. Children viewed an educational film, and memory for this was later assessed. As predicted, reappraisal strategies more effectively attenuated children's self-reported emotional processing. Reappraisal enhanced memory for educational details relative to no instructions. Rumination did not lead to differences in memory from the other instructions. Memory benefits of effective instructions were pronounced for children with poorer emotion regulation skill, suggesting the utility of reappraisal in learning contexts. PMID:22906113

  1. The Web as an Information Resource in K-12 Education: Strategies for Supporting Students in Searching and Processing Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuiper, Els; Volman, Monique; Terwel, Jan

    2005-01-01

    The use of the Web in K-12 education has increased substantially in recent years. The Web, however, does not support the learning processes of students as a matter of course. In this review, the authors analyze what research says about the demands that the use of the Web as an information resource in education makes on the support and supervision…

  2. Assessment strategies: how patients cope with the diverse quality levels of websites when searching for health information.

    PubMed

    Adams, Samantha

    2003-01-01

    The quality of online medical information available for patients has long been a concern of health care professionals. [1-4] Although initiatives exist for patients to use when searching for information, there is the concern that these initiatives are either ineffective or even counter-productive. [5-6] Another criticism is that initiatives do not sufficiently achieve their respective goals. [7-8] It is important to consider that many initiatives have been designed with patients in mind, but not with patients involved. Various portals, seals, rating systems, ethical codes, etc., exist ostensibly for patients, but arose largely without concrete input from real patients-as-end-users. Literature addressing usability on the basis of studies assessing real patients' searching behaviors appeared only in 2002. [9-11] The conclusions from these studies, while insightful, reflect the need for ongoing research into the daily practices of patients searching for web-based health care information. This poster highlights the first results of a systematic ethnographic study (interviews and shadow-searching carried out between November, 2001 and August, 2003) to determine how patients approach health care information when searching on the internet and illustrates the different strategies that patients use to assess the health information they encounter on the web. PMID:14728279

  3. Prototype Matching and Striving for Future Selves: Information Management Strategies in the Transition to College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brower, Aaron M.

    Entering college students commonly complain of being inundated with confusing information about attending a college or university, while student services personnel complain that regardless of the efforts placed on making the information "user friendly," students never seem to assimilate what they receive. This paper analyzes the literature and…

  4. Nudging toward Inquiry: Strategies for Searching for and Finding Great Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fontichiaro, Kristin, Comp.

    2010-01-01

    Inquiry does not replace information literacy; rather, it encompasses it. Inquiry-based learning invites school librarians to step into all aspects of instructional planning, from activating prior knowledge straight through to reflection. Libraries pursuing inquiry-based instruction are building on the bedrock of information literacy, not starting…

  5. CyberStrategies: How To Build an Internet-Based Information System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Michael L.; Downs, W. Scott

    Many organizations grapple with a glut of electronic information spawned by stockpiles of incompatible computers. This book offers solutions in information sharing and computer interaction. Rather than being about the Internet per se, it is about approaches that are characteristic of the Internet and the managerial and technical aspects of…

  6. How hip-hop musicians learn: Strategies in informal creative music making

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johan Söderman; Göran Folkestad

    2004-01-01

    The study of informal musical learning outside institutional settings, such as schools, has proved to contribute important knowledge to aspects of music education. Hip-hop, as an example of informal musical learning, has so far been quite an unexplored field for research. The present study investigates music creation within two hip-hop groups (communes) in Sweden. The focus is on the creative

  7. Harnessing Information for Development. A proposal for a World Bank Group Strategy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Talero; P. Gaudette

    1996-01-01

    Examines how the World Bank Group should harness the information revolution for its mission of poverty alleviation and sustainable economic development. The paper discusses the information revolution, its significance for economies and societies as a whole, the needs of and opportunities for developing countries, the responsibilities of governments, and what the World Bank Group can do to facilitate the flow

  8. Assessor Decision Making Information Processing and Assessor Decision Strategies in a British Assessment Centre

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neil Anderson; Tim Payne; Eammon Ferguson; Tom Smith

    1994-01-01

    A series of analyses was performed to evaluate the decision-making strategies of assessors involved in a final-stage assessment centre (AC). Thirty-eight assessors rated applicants (n = 222) for an engineering sponsorship placement. Applicants were evaluated on four dimensions (Interactive Awareness, Work Structure, Drive and Enthusiasm, and Business Awareness) over three exercises (a group exercise, an individual exercise and a structured

  9. A framework for disseminating evidence-based health promotion practices.

    PubMed

    Harris, Jeffrey R; Cheadle, Allen; Hannon, Peggy A; Forehand, Mark; Lichiello, Patricia; Mahoney, Eustacia; Snyder, Susan; Yarrow, Judith

    2012-01-01

    Wider adoption of evidence-based, health promotion practices depends on developing and testing effective dissemination approaches. To assist in developing these approaches, we created a practical framework drawn from the literature on dissemination and our experiences disseminating evidence-based practices. The main elements of our framework are 1) a close partnership between researchers and a disseminating organization that takes ownership of the dissemination process and 2) use of social marketing principles to work closely with potential user organizations. We present 2 examples illustrating the framework: EnhanceFitness, for physical activity among older adults, and American Cancer Society Workplace Solutions, for chronic disease prevention among workers. We also discuss 7 practical roles that researchers play in dissemination and related research: sorting through the evidence, conducting formative research, assessing readiness of user organizations, balancing fidelity and reinvention, monitoring and evaluating, influencing the outer context, and testing dissemination approaches. PMID:22172189

  10. The development of a methodology to quantify the impacts of information management strategies on EPC projects 

    E-print Network

    Moreau, Karen Anne

    1997-01-01

    This research develops and demonstrates a methodology to quantify time and cost impacts on Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) projects resulting from information management driven process changes in design ...

  11. Green Grades: The Popularity and Perceived Effectiveness of Information-Based Environmental Governance Strategies

    E-print Network

    Bullock, Graham Daniel

    2011-01-01

    product designs and labels, and a resistance to providing ?too much? information, following the examples of Apple and Method.design attributes and organizational backgrounds of product eco-labels. Their method

  12. Food urbanism : urban agriculture as a strategy to facilitate social mobility in informal settlements

    E-print Network

    Amirtahmasebi, Rana

    2008-01-01

    Can community-based urban agriculture generate stronger communities? How is this possible? This thesis explores the possibility of community development through application of community gardens in an informal settlement ...

  13. Exploring multi-granular documentation strategies for the representation, discovery and use of geographic information 

    E-print Network

    Batcheller, James Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    This thesis explores how digital representations of geography and Geographic Information (GI) may be described, and how these descriptions facilitate the use of the resources they depict. More specifically, it critically ...

  14. 77 FR 32959 - Request for Information on Strategies for Improving Outcomes for Disconnected Youth

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ...initiative, this request for information (RFI) seeks recommendations on effective approaches...Improving Outcomes for Disconnected Youth RFI, U.S. Department of Education, 400...services to them. For the purposes of this RFI, ``to improve outcomes for...

  15. Territorial strategies of South African informal dwellers Submitted to Urban Forum

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    providing an interstitial space where migrants could adapt to urban ways. Detailed field studies proved: informal dwellers were then understood as new migrants, directly arriving from the countryside, especially

  16. The role of customer experience in technology strategy : implications for product adoption in information technology

    E-print Network

    Vernon, Mona Masghati

    2011-01-01

    This research identifies and describes the impact of customer experience on the adoption of information technology products. The research findings are applied to the business case of a global technology firm entering into ...

  17. Developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence (DECIDE): protocol and preliminary results

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Healthcare decision makers face challenges when using guidelines, including understanding the quality of the evidence or the values and preferences upon which recommendations are made, which are often not clear. Methods GRADE is a systematic approach towards assessing the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations in healthcare. GRADE also gives advice on how to go from evidence to decisions. It has been developed to address the weaknesses of other grading systems and is now widely used internationally. The Developing and Evaluating Communication Strategies to Support Informed Decisions and Practice Based on Evidence (DECIDE) consortium (http://www.decide-collaboration.eu/), which includes members of the GRADE Working Group and other partners, will explore methods to ensure effective communication of evidence-based recommendations targeted at key stakeholders: healthcare professionals, policymakers, and managers, as well as patients and the general public. Surveys and interviews with guideline producers and other stakeholders will explore how presentation of the evidence could be improved to better meet their information needs. We will collect further stakeholder input from advisory groups, via consultations and user testing; this will be done across a wide range of healthcare systems in Europe, North America, and other countries. Targeted communication strategies will be developed, evaluated in randomized trials, refined, and assessed during the development of real guidelines. Discussion Results of the DECIDE project will improve the communication of evidence-based healthcare recommendations. Building on the work of the GRADE Working Group, DECIDE will develop and evaluate methods that address communication needs of guideline users. The project will produce strategies for communicating recommendations that have been rigorously evaluated in diverse settings, and it will support the transfer of research into practice in healthcare systems globally. PMID:23302501

  18. A new joint inversion strategy using a priori petrophysical information as constraints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, J.; Li, Y.

    2012-12-01

    Multiple geophysical data collected over the same area but based on fundamentally different physics usually contain complementary information about the subsurface, because different geophysical methods are sensitive to different physical properties and their variations on different scales. Joint inversion combines the complementary information by integrating all the geophysical data into a single inversion scheme. Thus, models resulting from joint inversion are more likely to represent the subsurface better than models derived from a single type of data. One important need in joint inversion is to find a reasonable relationship between different models so that they can constrain each other. This relationship could be an empirical relationship between different physical properties based on petrophysical measurements or a structural similarity measure between models. In this study, we consider the statistical petrophysical relationship between two physical properties as the way to link different models. There are two challenges concerning this approach. First, when multiple petrophysical relationships exist in the subsurface, it is usually difficult to specify correctly the spatial applicability of these petrophysical relationships, and thus, applying appropriate petrophysical information to appropriate regions in joint inversion remains a problem to be answered. Secondly, in reality we may have only partial information about the physical parameters under consideration. The incompleteness of a priori petrophysical information makes the task of utilizing petrophysical information in joint inversion even harder. In this study, we develop a new joint inversion algorithm that effectively builds a priori petrophysical information into inversion by means of guided fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering technique. Synthetic examples show that this method can effectively deal with the two problems mentioned above, i.e. the non-uniqueness and incompleteness of a priori petrophysical information. We also present the inversion results by applying this joint inversion algorithm to SEG/EAGE salt model.

  19. This strategy is informed by the University's strategic plan, which is structured around six guiding principles in Mission, Vision and Identity: Achieving

    E-print Network

    Greenlees, John

    information systems are simple to use, connect appropriately to other systems and encourage collaboration." 1 & Collaboration Strategy has six strategic aims which are informed by the Managing our Resources section systems To enable communication and collaboration services to work as a suite of services, connecting

  20. What Can Health Communication Science Offer for ACA Implementation? Five Evidence-Informed Strategies for Expanding Medicaid Enrollment

    PubMed Central

    KREUTER, MATTHEW W; McBRIDE, TIMOTHY D; CABURNAY, CHARLENE A; POOR, TIMOTHY; THOMPSON, VETTA L SANDERS; ALCARAZ, KASSANDRA I; EDDENS, KATHERINE S; RATH, SUCHITRA; PERKINS, HANNAH; CASEY, CHRISTOPHER

    2014-01-01

    Context:?Implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014 will require effective enrollment and outreach efforts to previously uninsured individuals now eligible for coverage. Methods:?From 1996 to 2013, the Health Communication Research Laboratory conducted more than 40 original studies with more than 30,000 participants to learn how to improve the reach to and effectiveness of health information for low-income and racial/ethnic minority populations. We synthesized the findings from this body of research and used them to inform current challenges in implementing the ACA. Findings:?We found empirical support for 5 recommendations regarding partnerships, outreach, messages and messengers, life priorities of low-income individuals and families, and the information environment. We translated these into 12 action steps. Conclusions:?Health communication science can inform the development and execution of strategies to increase the public's understanding of the ACA and to support the enrollment of eligible individuals into Medicaid or the Health Insurance Marketplace. PMID:24597555