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1

Disseminating information technology at the kominkan: a strategy for facilities management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a facilities management strategy for the dissemination of information technology at the kominkan (community center), the main public facility for community adult education in Japan. This study was undertaken in August 2000 with the initial distribution of questionnaires. Of the 513 facilities that participated in this study, viable returned responses stood at 298, representing a rate of

Yoko Sone; Heihachi Asano; Takashi Uchida

2002-01-01

2

Effective Information Dissemination and Recruitment Strategies for Magnet Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews research on pupil recruitment strategies and admission policies for magnet programs and their impact on equal access. It is also based, in part, on a survey of 56 magnet school administrators whose programs are funded by the Magnet Schools Assistance Program. The paper is divided into six main sections. Section 1 discusses…

Hale, Phale D.; Maynard, Larry O.

3

Program Evaluation: Strategies for Assessing How Information Dissemination Contributes to Agency Goals. Report to Congressional Committees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal agencies use information dissemination programs as one of several tools to achieve various social or environmental goals. Evaluations of five federal information dissemination program cases were examined to assist agency efforts in evaluating and improving the effectiveness of such programs. These cases were: Environmental Protection…

Kingsbury, Nancy

4

INFOrmation Dissemination (INFOD) middleware  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing volume, diversity, and complexity of resources and data continues to raise challenges in the sharing and dissemination of information. Although publish-subscribe systems have improved the ability of users to exchange information, we argue that these systems have been either restrictive or simplistic - relying significantly on narrowly defined channels for data exchange. The Information Dissemination (INFOD) approach we

Raghul Gunasekaran; Mallikarjun Shankar; Dieter Gawlick; Steve Fisher; Aravind Yalamanchi; Ronny Fehling; Hairong Qi

2009-01-01

5

Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among information providers is a key element in effective information dissemination. The

Htun Naing Oo; Pitch Sutheerawatthana; Takayuki Minato

2010-01-01

6

Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among…

Oo, Htun Naing; Sutheerawatthana, Pitch; Minato, Takayuki

2010-01-01

7

Recruiting Teachers Online: Marketing Strategies and Information Dissemination Practices of UK-Based Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the websites of 43 UK-based agencies that are recruiting teachers in South Africa and other countries finds that important information about what to expect often is missing. An analysis of the marketing strategies shows that agencies overall are promising schools thorough vetting of candidates and low fees, are promising prospective…

de Villiers, Rian; Books, Sue

2009-01-01

8

Recruiting Teachers Online: Marketing Strategies and Information Dissemination Practices of UK-Based Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of the websites of 43 UK-based agencies that are recruiting teachers in South Africa and other countries finds that important information about what to expect often is missing. An analysis of the marketing strategies shows that agencies overall are promising schools thorough vetting of candidates and low fees, are promising prospective…

de Villiers, Rian; Books, Sue

2009-01-01

9

Large-Scale Cooperative Dissemination of Governmental Information in Emergency — An Experiment and Future Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the 11th of March, 2011, a massive earthquake hit the northeast region of Japan. The government of Japan needed to publish information regarding the earthquake and its influences. However, their capacity of Web services overflowed. They called the industry and academia for help for providing stable information service to the people. Industry and academia formed a team to answer the call and named themselves the “EQ project”. This paper describes how the EQ Project was organized and operated, and gives analyses of the statistics. An academic organization took the lead in the EQ Project. Ten organizations which consisted of commercial IT industry and academics specialized in Internet technology, were participating in the EQ Project and they structured the three clusters based on their relationships and technological approach. In WIDE Cluster, one of three clusters in the structure of EQ, the peak number of file accesses per day was over 90 thousand, the mobile browsers was 3.4% and foreign languages (translated contents) were referred 35%. We have also discussed the future information distribution strategies in emergency situation based on the experiences of the EQ Project, and proposed nine suggestions to the MEXT as a future strategy.

Horiba, Katsuhiro; Okawa, Keiko; Murai, Jun

10

Ethnicity and hazard information dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizens from two communities were questioned regarding the sources from which they have previously obtained information about environmental hazards and their preferences for different communication channels. Three ethnic groups—whites, blacks, and Mexican-Americans—were represented among those questioned. While all three ethnic groups described similar patterns of past information receipt, it was found that Mexican-Americans obtained more information through social network contacts than whites or blacks. Ethnic differentials emerged when citizens were asked about preferred sources for information receipt. While radio was identified as desirable by all three groups, only minority citizens expressed a preference for local television as a dissemination mode and only Mexican-Americans favored neighborhood meetings. Mailed dissemination and newspapers were preferred primarily by whites and blacks. The implications of the results for the conduct of hazard information dissemination are examined.

Perry, Ronald W.; Nelson, Lisa

1991-07-01

11

Dissemination of Information About Management Strategies and Changes in Farming Practices for the Exploitation of Resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans (Phoma Stem Canker) in Oilseed Rape Cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of phoma stem canker (blackleg disease, caused by Leptosphaeria maculans) is an integral component of oilseed rape production. In this paper, we discuss the information about management strategies\\u000a that is disseminated in Europe and Australia. New cultivars have been introduced with improved resistance to disease, but\\u000a sometimes this resistance has been overcome as new races of the pathogen

P. Gladders; N. Evans; S. Marcroft; X. Pinochet

2006-01-01

12

Dissemination of information about management strategies and changes in farming practices for the exploitation of resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in oilseed rape cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of phoma stem canker (blackleg disease, caused by Leptosphaeria maculans) is an integral component of oilseed rape production. In this paper, we discuss the information about management strategies\\u000a that is disseminated in Europe and Australia. New cultivars have been introduced with improved resistance to disease, but\\u000a sometimes this resistance has been overcome as new races of the pathogen

P. Gladders; N. Evans; S. Marcroft; X. Pinochet

13

Information Dissemination in the Public Health Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper reviews the literature on information dissemination activities and describes several information dissemination activities sponsored by Public Health Services (PHS) agencies and institutes including the following: (1) Depression/Awareness, Recogn...

1991-01-01

14

Information Management: Dissemination of Technical Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report conveys the results of our review of the Department of Commerce's National Technical Information Service (NTIS). NTIS is a permanent repository and principal disseminator of scientific, technical, engineering, and business-related information....

2001-01-01

15

Obvious and not-so-obvious strategies to disseminate research.  

PubMed

The findings of health disparities research will have to be disseminated to a broad public in order to influence health outcomes. Some strategies for dissemination are obvious, and these generally work for ideas that are within the mainstream of current paradigms. However, ideas that challenge existing theories and assumptions may require different, and not-so-obvious, strategies. This article discusses the use of movies and site visits as two novel strategies for research dissemination. PMID:16940026

Fullilove, Mindy Thompson; Green, Lesley L; Hernández-Cordero, Lourdes J; Fullilove, Robert E

2006-07-01

16

Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis  

PubMed Central

Behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities, but have done little to correct these views. The present paper has two purposes in this regard. First, the paper describes some of the conditions that have given rise to these concerns. Second, and more important, the paper surveys various procedures and programs for the dissemination of public information that may correct inaccuracies and misconceptions. Special consideration is also given to issues involving (a) the assessment of the problem, (b) the content and means of dissemination, (c) the possible contributions of behavior analysts to current misunderstandings, and (d) relationships between behavior analysts and the media. The dissemination of accurate and unbiased information constitutes an important new undertaking for behavior analysis. The future of the field may depend in part on such activity.

Morris, Edward K.

1985-01-01

17

A Linkage Model for Dissemination: Assumptions, Strategies and Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study describes the assumptions and strategies of the Laboratory School's Linkage Model and evaluates the results of the utilization of the model by focusing on the dissemination of a developmental individualized reading program over a three-year per...

W. T. Corbett H. I. Guttinger

1977-01-01

18

Geothermal Information Dissemination and Outreach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Purpose ;\\u000a;\\u000aTo enhance technological and topical information transfer in support of industry and government efforts to increase geothermal energy use in the United States (power production, direct use, and geothermal groundsource heat pumps). ;\\u000a;\\u000aProject Work;\\u000a;\\u000aGRC 2003 Annual Meeting. The GRC convened the meeting on Oct. 12-15, 2003, at Morelia's Centro de Convenciones y

Ted J. Clutter

2005-01-01

19

Information, Vol. 1, Number 4. Teacher Corps Dissemination Project Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Guidelines are provided for disseminating information on teacher corps projects. Information is given on experienced disseminators such as existing networks that are available to help in planning. Suggestions are made on targeting information and marketing. (JD)|

Rosenau, Fred S., Ed.

20

An innovative communication model to disseminate information.  

PubMed

Nurse leaders need effective communication models to articulate the functions, processes, and activities of health care organizations. This article describes the development and use of a communication model to streamline the dissemination of information to the targeted organizational entities that need it. The model's step-by-step process enhances the broadcasting of information needed to ensure patient safety and promote quality patient care by capturing the components integral to the communication process. PMID:21135708

Crawford, Cecelia L; Johnson, Joyce A; Valdez, Regina M

21

48 CFR 2905.101 - Methods of disseminating information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01... Methods of disseminating information. 2905.101 Section 2905...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ACQUISITION...ACTIONS Dissemination of Information 2905.101 Methods...

2011-10-01

22

48 CFR 1205.101 - Methods of disseminating information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01... Methods of disseminating information. 1205.101 Section 1205...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...ACTIONS Dissemination Of Information 1205.101 Methods...

2011-10-01

23

48 CFR 1252.242-72 - Dissemination of contract information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 1252.242-72 Dissemination of contract information. As prescribed in (TAR) 48 CFR 1242.7000(c), insert the following clause: Dissemination of Contract Information (OCT 1994)...

2011-10-01

24

Geothermal Energy Information Dissemination and Outreach  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to continue on-going work by the Geo-Heat Center to develop and disseminate information; provide educational materials; develop short courses and workshops; maintain a comprehensive geothermal resource database; respond to inquiries from the public, industry and government; provide engineering, economic and environmental information and analysis on geothermal technology to potential users and developers; and provide information on market opportunities for geothermal development. These efforts are directed towards increasing the utilization of geothermal energy in the US and developing countries, by means of electric power generation and direct-use.

Dr. John W. Lund

2005-12-31

25

Effectiveness and efficiency of guideline dissemination and implementation strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To undertake a systematic review of the effectiveness and costs of different guideline development, dissemination and implementation strategies. To estimate the resource implications of these strategies. To develop a framework for deciding when it is efficient to develop and introduce clinical guidelines. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Healthstar, Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, EMBASE, SIGLE and the specialised register of the Cochrane

JM Grimshaw; R. Thomas; G. MacLennan; C. Fraser; C. R. Ramsay; L. Vale; P. Whitty; M. P. Eccles; L. Matowe; L. Shirran; M. J. P. Wensing; R. F. Dijkstra; C. Donaldson

2004-01-01

26

Disseminating Engaged Learning Strategies in the Middle School through Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on the results of a grant to disseminate engaged learning strategies in the middle school. Three university instructors at Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville worked with eight middle school teachers to integrate Webquests, the Journey North Project, STELLA software, and media literacy into the curriculum. A general…

Andris, James F.; Crooks, Steve M.; Hawkins, G. Colleen

27

The Dissemination and Accessibility of Canadian Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses information agencies and issues that affect the dissemination and accessibility of Canadian government information, including the Canada Communication Group, depository libraries, the National Library, bibliographic control of government information, the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information, Statistics Canada,…

Morton, Bruce; Zink, Steven D.

1992-01-01

28

[Drug administration and information dissemination via online].  

PubMed

The present study aims at verifying and describing how on-line communication of nursing knowledge concerning administration of medication is taking place. In order to assess the websites, the search tool Meta Busca-Terra (www.terra.com.br) was used. One hundred and sixty-six websites were found; however, only 45 were related to the topic. These were analyzed and categorized according to types of presentation, websites, languages, and homepages. It was verified that they presented common characteristics, such as: Articles (18), Informative Bulletins (8) and Medication Advertisements (7). Regarding the websites, Yahoo distinguished from the others, since it featured 34 websites. The predominant language was English, which was found in 36 websites. The on-line communication of knowledge is fundamental in regard to administration of medication for it allows the dissemination of knowledge at a faster and more productive pace. Undoubtedly, clients and professionals will be highly benefited. PMID:12098858

Telles Filho, P C; Galdeano, L E; Miasso, A I; Caliri, M H; Mendes, I A

29

Dynamic multicast information dissemination in hybrid satellite-wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed Intelligent Information Dissemination Services (IIDS) to support the dissemination and maintenance of extended situation awareness over a hybrid satellite-wireless network information infrastructure. One of the goals of IIDS is to transparently handle the mismatches in characteristics of satellite and terrestrial wireless networks, allow effective utilization of available bandwidth, and support timely delivery of highly relevant information. IIDS

Eddie C. Shek; Son K. Dao; Yongguang Zhang; Darrel J. Van Buer

1999-01-01

30

Dissemination of the Linked-benefit Strategy in Sustainable Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multinationals wanting to sell eco-friendly products are advised by the green-marketing literature to apply a socalled linked-benefit strategy [1, 2, p.121], which describes attributes of a product (or service) that are positive for the environment and links those to benefits for the consumer (e.g. convenience, cost-savings). This paper reviews current-day practice in green marketing, and assesses the dissemination of the

Renee Wever; Marijn Goemans; Sarah Bork

2009-01-01

31

Intelligent information dissemination services in hybrid satellite?wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for rapid deployment and user mobility suggest the use of a hybrid satellite-wireless network infrastructure for important situation awareness and emergency response applications. An Intelligent Information Dissemination Service (IIDS) has been developed to support the dissemination and maintenance of extended situation awareness throughout such a network information infrastructure in a seamless manner. One of the goals of IIDS

Eddie C. Shek; Son K. Dao; Yongguang Zhang; Darrel J. Van Buer; Giovanni Giuffrida

2000-01-01

32

Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination. Final Report: Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Constrained by a statutory requirement for self-funding and facing a new paradigm in information dissemination, the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) was failing. As federal agencies distributed reports at no cost on the World Wide Webreports ...

2001-01-01

33

Information Dissemination as Reflected in U.S. Government Information Policy and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses government commitment to information availability and dissemination, presents an overview of policy initiatives guiding information dissemination and agency responsiveness in meeting public-information needs, and notes challenges for the federal government in matching information dissemination and performance indicators (input, output,…

Hernon, Peter

1998-01-01

34

Dissemination of collection wide information in a distributed information retrieval system  

Microsoft Academic Search

We find that dissemination of collection wide information (CWI) in a distributed collection of documents is needed to achieve retrieval effectiveness comparable to a centralized collection. Complete dissemination is unnecessary. The required dissemination level depends upon how documents are allocated among sites. Low dissemination is needed for random document allocation, but higher levels are needed when documents are allocated based

Charles L. Viles; James C. French

1995-01-01

35

Veiled viral marketing: disseminating information on stigmatized illnesses via social networking sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace offer new ways of encouraging healthy behavior by leveraging existing social relationships, particularly among young adults. However, spreading information through social networks can be sensitive and problematic when the content relates to stigmatized illnesses. This paper proposes a novel strategy, Veiled Viral Marketing, which uses social networking sites to anonymously disseminate information

Derek L. Hansen; Christianne Johnson

2012-01-01

36

Designing Broadcast Schedules for Information Dissemination through Braodcasting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Broadcast data delivery is encountered in many applications where there is a need to disseminate information to a large user community in a wireless asymmetric communication environment. In this paper, the authors consider the problem of scheduling the da...

C. Su L. Tassiulas V. Tsotras

1997-01-01

37

21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...99.101 Section 99.101 Food and Drugs FOOD...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL...Be Disseminated § 99.101 Information that may...significant risk to the public health; (4) Not be...

2013-04-01

38

Guide to the Use of Dissemination Techniques for Transportation Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to provide a systematic guide for selecting a technique or group of techniques to disseminate transportation information in the most efficient and effective way. Over thirty techniques have been described and are grouped into...

E. Beimborn R. Schmitt J. Weitman D. Zlosel

1981-01-01

39

48 CFR 5.101 - Methods of disseminating information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...disseminating information to their members. (3) Making brief announcements of proposed contracts to newspapers, trade journals, magazines, or other mass communication media for publication without cost to the Government. (4) Placing paid...

2011-10-01

40

Efficient Agent-Based Dissemination of Textual Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the problem of efficient dissemination of textual information over wide-area networks. Our dissemination architecture utilises middle-agents and sophisticated matching algorithms. The data model and query language is based on the well-known Boolean model from Information Retrieval. The main focus of this paper is the problem of matching incoming documents with submitted user profiles. We present four efficient main

Manolis Koubarakis; Theodoros Koutris; Paraskevi Raftopoulou; Christos Tryfonopoulos

41

Proceedings: Panel on Information Dissemination for Wind Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A program for coordinating and strengthening technical information activities related to the commercialization of solar energy research and development results is described. The program contains a project for each of the following technologies: biomass; ocean thermal energy conversion; photovoltaics; solar thermal power; and wind energy conversion systems. In addition to the production and dissemination of several types of information materials,

P. Weis

1980-01-01

42

Patent information dissemination by patent offices: striking the balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the relationship between the services provided by private sector patent information providers and those provided by patent offices, in the Internet age. While it refers specifically to the scene in the USA, and to the Coalition for Patent and Trademark Information Dissemination, the principles developed are presented within a worldwide context. The main principles proposed are that

Joseph L. Ebersole

2003-01-01

43

The BLISS cluster randomised controlled trial of the effect of 'active dissemination of information' on standards of care for premature babies in England (BEADI) study protocol [ISRCTN89683698  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Gaps between research knowledge and practice have been consistently reported. Traditional ways of communicating information have limited impact on practice changes. Strategies to disseminate information need to be more interactive and based on techniques reported in systematic reviews of implementation of changes. There is a need for clarification as to which dissemination strategies work best to translate evidence into

Dominique Acolet; Kim Jelphs; Deborah Davidson; Edward Peck; Felicity Clemens; Rosie Houston; Michael Weindling; John Lavis; Diana Elbourne

2007-01-01

44

Blending research and practice: an evolving dissemination strategy in substance abuse.  

PubMed

Substance abuse is a leading cause of death and disability throughout the world. The mission of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is to lead the United States in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction. This charge has two critical components: (a) strategic support of research across a broad range of disciplines and (b) rapid, effective dissemination of research results that can improve prevention and treatment efforts, with potential to inform policy. The NIDA Clinical Trials Network and the Blending Initiative are critical elements of this strategy, and the social work field is poised to use these resources to expand its role in the dissemination and implementation of NIDA's mission. PMID:23731421

Michel, Mary Ellen; Pintello, Denise A; Subramaniam, Geetha

2013-01-01

45

Disseminating Trust Information in Wearable Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a framework for managing and distributing trust information in a community of mobile and wearable computer users. Trust information in the form of reputations are used to aid users during their social interactions with the rest of the community.

Jay Schneider; Gerd Kortuem; Joe Jager; Stephen Fickas; Zary Segall

2000-01-01

46

SIFT - a Tool for Wide-Area Information Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissemination model is becoming increasinglyimportant in wide-area information system. In thismodel, the user subscribes to an information disseminationservice by submitting profiles that describehis interests. He then passively receives new, filteredinformation. The Stanford Information FilteringTool (SIFT) is a tool to help provide such service.It supports full-text filtering using well-knowninformation retrieval models. The SIFT filtering engineimplements novel indexing...

Tak W. Yan; Hector Garcia-molina

1995-01-01

47

RESEARCH DATABASES IN SERBIA & INFORMATION DISSEMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a detailed review of STM and busi- ness content available in Serbia, this article depicts the value of particular databases and the impact of a tre- mendous influx of information into the country in re- cent years. The two most comprehensive databases are provided by EBSCO Publishing (EBSCO), the world's largest intermediary between publishers and libraries. EBSCO's company approach

Sam Brooks

48

Epidemic Information Dissemination in Distributed Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Easy to deploy, robust, and highly resilient to failures, epidemic algorithms are a potentially effective mechanism for propagating information in large peer-to-peer systems deployed on Internet or ad hoc networks. It is possible to adjust the parameters of epidemic algorithm to achieve high reliability despite process crashes and disconnections, packet losses, and a dynamic network topology. Although researchers have used

Patrick Th. Eugster; Rachid Guerraoui; Anne-marie Kermarrec; Laurent Massoulié

2004-01-01

49

Dissemination of information to General Practitioners: a questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Early identification of permanent hearing impairment in children enables appropriate intervention which reduces adverse developmental outcomes. The UK Government has introduced a universal hearing screening programme for neonates. All involved health professionals, including those in Primary Care, need to be aware of the service to enable them to offer appropriate support to their patients. A programme of information dissemination

Padma Moorjani; Heather Fortnum

2004-01-01

50

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

51

Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA Langley Technical Publications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To demonstrate NASA Langley Research Center's relevance and to transfer technology to external customers in a timely and efficient manner, Langley has formed a working group to study and recommend a course of action for the electronic dissemination of tec...

D. G. Roper M. K. Mccaskill S. D. Holland J. L. Walsh M. L. Nelson

1994-01-01

52

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2010-07-01

53

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2013-07-01

54

Dissemination of assistive technology information to farmers and ranchers with disabilities.  

PubMed

Since induction of the AgrAbility program through appropriations contained in the 1990 Farm Bill, the national and state/regional AgrAbility projects have used a variety of methods to disseminate information about assistive technology (AT) to farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural workers with disabilities. To date, no known research has been conducted to assess those delivery methods from the perspectives of either the persons with disabilities in need of information or the education and rehabilitation professionals who work with them. This study's purpose was two-fold: (1) review various dissemination strategies to identify those documented as being more effective, and (2) conduct surveys to ascertain the perspectives of AgrAbility project professionals and a national network of farmers and ranchers with disabilities (called the Barn Builders). Key findings of the study were as follows: (1) the farmers and ranchers most preferred receiving information via printed newsletters (71%) and printed publications (67%); (2) AgrAbility staff most preferred receiving information via internet-based publication access (61%), e-mail (60%), and printed publications (58%); (3) many farmers and ranchers perceived that dissemination strategies were moving toward the internet (53%) and that AT information was generally more available now than in the past (38%); (4) both AgrAbility staff and the Barn Builders tended to agree that farmers still wanted to receive information in printed form; and (5) neither age nor education level appeared to be a strong predictor of internet use by farmers. Key recommendations to enhance the effectiveness of current AT information delivery methods included: (1) implementing effective document management strategies for all information resources, especially for online content; and (2) minimizing language translation efforts, since such a small percentage of the AgrAbility project customer base is primarily non-English speaking. It is believed that the findings of this study also have implications for service delivery strategies in other areas, including topics relating to agricultural safety and health. PMID:21919317

Racz, C W; Field, W E

2011-07-01

55

Disseminating drug prescribing information: the cox-2 inhibitors withdrawals.  

PubMed

This case study examined the recent withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the timeliness of updates in commonly used information sources used by healthcare professionals. The method included assembling a purposive sample of 15 drug reference and warning systems that were then systematically monitored for several months after the withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the time to update this information. These information sources were classified and described qualitatively. A time to diffusion curve was plotted and the average number of days to report the drug withdrawal or update reference databases was calculated. Only 2 of 15 information systems reported the drug withdrawal on the actual date of the FDA announcement. Institutional electronic textbooks took an average of 109.8 days (+/-14 days) to report the withdrawal. In addition, one pharma-sponsored dissemination source (Peerview Press) had not updated their information as of this publication. PMID:16622163

Strayer, Scott M; Slawson, David C; Shaughnessy, Allen F

2006-04-18

56

Epilepsy Abstracts: Its Role in Disseminating Scientific Information  

PubMed Central

The Epilepsy Information Program in the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, established as a consequence of recommendations of the Public Health Service Advisory Committee on the Epilepsies, launched its first issue of Epilepsy Abstracts in November 1967. Epilepsy Abstracts (EA) is but one service of the Program which was designed to serve as the national focal point for the collection, analysis, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information relating to the epilepsies. The main objective is to stimulate research activity in this area. The eventual aim of EA is worldwide literature coverage in the field of epilepsy with minimum time lag between the publication of an article in a primary journal and the appearance of its abstract and indexing information in EA. Each issue of EA includes computer-generated subject and author indexes. The tape files are extremely versatile, allowing for maximum usage to meet many needs. Potential uses for the material in the master file include custom made publications, selective annotated bibliographies, selective dissemination of information (SDI) and retrospective search services.

Caponio, J. F.; Penry, J. K.; Goode, D. J.

1970-01-01

57

Developing an Information Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

Hanson, Terry

2011-01-01

58

Developing an Information Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

Hanson, Terry

2011-01-01

59

Dissemination of Information Derived from the Framingham Heart Study  

PubMed Central

The medical community finds out about practical medical data through a variety of sources. This paper pinpoints those sources by following a specific data base, the world renowned Framingham Heart Study, through a multitude of media. Information about the Study is available to practicing physicians by many means including scholarly and nonscientific medical journals, government documents, lectures and colloquia, continuing medical education seminars, reprint services, and the invisible college. Specific details concerning the frequency with which Framingham Heart Study articles appear in certain journals are helpful in determining the significance of various types of medical journals in the dissemination of the data base.

Panoff, Susan R.

1973-01-01

60

Diffusion and dissemination of evidence-based dietary strategies for the prevention of cancer  

PubMed Central

We used a systematic review to identify strategies that have been evaluated for disseminating cancer control interventions that promote the uptake of a healthy diet in adults. Studies were identified by contacting technical experts and by searching medline, PreMedline, cancerlit, embase/Excerpta Medica, Psycinfo, cinahl, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists. English-language primary studies were selected if they evaluated the dissemination of healthy diet interventions to individuals, health care providers, or institutions. Studies involving only children or adolescents were excluded. We retrieved 101 articles for full-text screening, and identified nine reports of seven distinct studies. Four of the studies were randomized trials, one was a cohort design, and three were descriptive studies. Six of the studies were rated methodologically weak, and one was rated moderate. Because of heterogeneity, low methodological quality, and incomplete data reporting, the studies were not pooled for meta-analysis. No beneficial dissemination strategies were found. One strategy involving the use of peer educators at the work site, which led to a short-term increase in fruit and vegetable intake, looks promising. Overall, the quality of the evidence is not strong, and the evidence that exists is more descriptive than evaluative. No clear conclusions can be drawn from these data. Controlled studies are needed to evaluate dissemination strategies and to compare dissemination and diffusion strategies that communicate different messages and target different audiences.

Ciliska, D.; Robinson, P.; Horsley, T.; Ellis, P.; Brouwers, M.; Gauld, M.; Baldassarre, F.; Raina, P.

2006-01-01

61

An Information Systems Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for a coherent information systems development strategy that integrates both voice and data communications with computing into the campus computing environment is described. The need for a strategy, as opposed to a set of goals, in light of rapidly changing technological parameters, is discussed. (MLW)

Heterick, Robert C.

1986-01-01

62

Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Health Information Access and Dissemination in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on a study which assessed the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in health information access and dissemination in Uganda. The project focused not only on information obtainable through libraries for research, teaching, learning and practice, but also on ICT applications concerned with the…

Omona, Walter; Ikoja-Odongo, Robert

2006-01-01

63

A framework of information technology-based agriculture information dissemination system to improve crop productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

nformation gap exists between research and practice. Indian farmers need timely expert advice to make them more productive and competitive. In this article, we have made an effort to present a solution to bridge the information gap by exploiting advances in information technology. We propose the frame- work for a cost -effective agricultural information dissemination system (AgrIDS), to dissem inate

P. Krishna Reddy; R. Ankaiah

2005-01-01

64

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

65

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2009-07-01

66

A Model for a New Approach to Federal Government Information Access and Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 1995, the Forum on Government Information Policy, representatives of several library associations, developed the "Model for New Universe of Federal Information Access and Dissemination." The model proposes to: (1) reconceptualize federal information access and dissemination responsibilities; and (2) reinvent the Federal Depository Library…

Turock, Betty J.; Henderson, Carol C.

1996-01-01

67

TurfCast: A service for controlling information dissemination in wireless networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have witnessed mass proliferation of mobile devices with rich wireless communication capabilities as well as emerging mobile device based information dissemination applications that leverage these capabilities. This paper proposes TurfCast, a novel information dissemination service that selectively broadcasts information in particular “turfs,” abstract logical spaces in which receivers are situated. Such turfs can be temporal or spatial based

Xinfeng Li; Jin Teng; Boying Zhang; Adam C. Champion; Dong Xuan

2012-01-01

68

Evaluation of the Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) Program for the Aerospace Materials Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Aerospace Materials Information Center (AMIC) Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) program was evaluated by an interview technique after one year of operation. The data base for the SDI consists of the periodic document index records input to the AMIC system. The users are 63 engineers, scientists, and technical administrators at the…

Scheffler, F. L.; March, J. F.

69

The Multi-Initiative Dissemination Project: Active-Learning Strategies for College Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aspects of the NSF-funded Multi-Initiative Dissemination Project (MID) are discussed in order to inform potential participants of the benefits of attending a MID workshop. The workshops are for two- and four-year college instructors who want to improve their students' understanding of science. Four of the NSF-funded chemistry systemic reform projects (ChemConnections, Molecular Science, New Traditions, and Peer-Led Team Learning) disseminate information and conduct hands-on activities with their session participants during the MID workshops. The MID workshops are funded from 2001 through 2003.

Burke, K. A.; Greenbowe, Thomas J.; Lewis, Eileen L.; Peace, G. Earl

2002-06-01

70

Design and Evaluation of Intervehicle Dissemination Protocol for Propagation of Preceding Traffic Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an intervehicle information dissemination protocol called received message-dependent protocol (RMDP) that propagates the preceding traffic information to the following vehicles and discuss its performance. The proposed protocol autonomously changes the dissemination interval, depending on the number of reception messages and detected reception errors, in order to avoid message collision among vehicles. We have constructed a

Masashi Saito; Jun Tsukamoto; Takaaki Umedu; Teruo Higashino

2007-01-01

71

"SDI--Where are We? The Challenge of the Future." The Information Dissemination Center View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The historical and current status of information dissemination centers and the problem of user interface are reviewed. During the past decade, the problems of technical data processing have been conquered; information dissemination has evolved from a loosely knit group of experimental centers to an organization of established centers, many…

Carmon, James L.

72

Wind Energy Program: Information Dissemination and Outreach Final Report  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 This project was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Fiscal Year 2000 Broad-Based Solicitation on Information Dissemination and Outreach--Program Area of Interest 1A. The project was initiated with a kickoff meeting on August 30, 2000, at the National Renewal Energy Laboratory (NREL) facility in Golden, Colorado. Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) personnel met with DOE and NREL representatives to review project objectives and participant goals. As proposed, the goal of the DOE-funded program was to develop a center of excellence for wind energy focused on the central and northern Great Plains region, which later became known as the Plains Organization for Wind Energy Resources (POWER). The POWER focus area was originally defined as North Dakota, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Iowa, but soon expanded to also include Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, and Oklahoma. Although this definition of the POWER region is not rigid, it does represent most of the primary wind resource states. All of these, except for Iowa and Minnesota, have had lesser wind energy development than other parts of the country. Under this Cooperative Agreement, the POWER Program established a regional wind energy center, providing objective educational, technical, and partnership-building resources for developing the vast wind resources in the central and northern Great Plains region. POWER activities were performed under the following task structure: Task 1--Internet Web Site/Database Development Task 2--Resource Assessment Task 3--Education and Workshops Task 4--Training Task 5--Development and Demonstration of Wind Technologies

Bradley G. Stevens, P.E.; Troy K. Simonsen

2003-07-15

73

SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION IN PRACTICE, SURVEY OF OPERATIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL SDI PROGRAMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|AN OVERVIEW OF THE OPERATIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL SYSTEMS ESTABLISHED FOR THE SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION (SDI) IS PRESENTED. AN ATTEMPT HAS ALSO BEEN MADE TO IDENTIFY THE TRENDS WHICH MAY SHAPE THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION PROCEDURES. THE REPORT IS BASED IN PART ON THE EXISTING SDI…

DOWNIE, CURRIE S.; HOSHOVSKY, ALEXANDER G.

74

Targeted Dissemination of Research-Based Information on Educational Testing Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Illinois Dissemination Research Project developed a public information brochure on Minimal Competency Testing for distribution to Illinois school boards, teachers and administrators. This method for transmitting research findings to policymaking audiences is called "targeted dissemination." It consists of: (1) translating relevant research…

Brand, Stephen; And Others

75

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information. 1960...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND RELATED...

2013-07-01

76

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record] [Sec. 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.] 28 JUDICIAL...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Sec. 20.33...

2009-07-01

77

Dissemination of Self-Help Information for Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This “dissemination” study examined the extent to which parents would read child-rearing advice booklets and use them with their children. The advice booklets focused on managing and enhancing family interactions in three potentially difficult situations that occur in everyday family life (e.g., shopping trips, meal-times, household responsibilities). A multiple baseline design was used to assess parent reports of child behavior

Emma Ergon-Rowe; Craig K. Ichinose; Hewitt B. Clark

1991-01-01

78

User navigation behavior of a selective dissemination of web information service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays it becomes a challenge for a user to be able to both effectively filter information and proactively grasp new information on the web. To this end, Selective Dissemination of Web Information (SDWI) service in this study is conceptualized as a new way of information delivery. Using RSS service as a test platform, the study attempts to explore how users

Hsiao-Tieh Pu; Yi-Wei Wong

2012-01-01

79

GoDisco: Selective Gossip Based Dissemination of Information in Social Community Based Overlays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose and investigate a gossip based, social principles and behavior inspired decentralized mechanism (GoDisco) to disseminate information in online social community networks, using exclusively social links and exploiting semantic context to keep the dissemination process selective to relevant nodes. Such a designed dissemination scheme using gossiping over a egocentric social network is unique and is arguably a concept whose time has arrived, emulating word of mouth behavior and can have interesting applications like probabilistic publish/subscribe, decentralized recommendation and contextual advertisement systems, to name a few. Simulation based experiments show that despite using only local knowledge and contacts, the system has good global coverage and behavior.

Datta, Anwitaman; Sharma, Rajesh

80

Using the interactive systems framework to support a quality improvement approach to dissemination of evidence-based strategies to promote early detection of breast cancer: planning a comprehensive dynamic trial.  

PubMed

Dissemination efforts must optimize interventions for new settings and populations. As such, dissemination research should incorporate principles of quality improvement. Comprehensive Dynamic Trial (CDT) designs examine how information gained during dissemination may be used to modify interventions and improve performance. Although CDT may offer distinct advantages over static designs, organizing the many necessary roles and activities is a significant challenge. In this article, we discuss use of the Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation to systematically implement a CDT. Specifically, we describe "Bronx ACCESS", a program designed to disseminate evidence-based strategies to promote adherence to mammography guidelines. In Bronx ACCESS, the Intervention Delivery System will elicit information needed to adapt strategies to specific settings and circumstances. The Intervention Synthesis and Translation System will use this information to test changes to strategies through "embedded experiments". The Intervention Support System will build local capacities found to be necessary for intervention institutionalization. Simulation modeling will be used to integrate findings across systems. Results will inform on-going policy debate about interventions needed to promote population-level screening. More generally, this project is intended to advance understanding of research paradigms necessary to study dissemination. PMID:22618023

Rapkin, Bruce D; Weiss, Elisa S; Lounsbury, David W; Thompson, Hayley S; Goodman, Robert M; Schechter, Clyde B; Merzel, Cheryl; Shelton, Rachel C; Blank, Arthur E; Erb-Downward, Jennifer; Williams, Abigail; Valera, Pamela; Padgett, Deborah K

2012-12-01

81

Final administrative report for technology transfer and information dissemination, January 1, 1982March 31, 1983  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Geo-Heat Center was established in 1974 as a result of an International Geothermal Conference held at Oregon Institute of Technology for the purpose of providing an information exchange and technology transfer on the direct use of geothermal from both the USA and international sources. This was accomplished by establishing an information dissemination program, conducting applied research and working on

Lienau

1983-01-01

82

Dissemination of health information among rural dwellers in Africa: A Ghanaian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looked at how effectively the Ghanaian Ministry of Health disseminated health information within the country. Standardized questionnaires were administered to samples from two villages to find out how they obtained information about four selected health topics--cholera, immunization, ORT and AIDS--and what they knew about these health topics. We found that respondents relied almost equally on conversation with family

Kwadwo Bosompra

1989-01-01

83

The Environmental Protection Agency: A Profile of Its Information Collection and Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its publication distribution programs. Topics discussed include information collection, vehicles for dissemination, the application of information technologies, and primary users. The relationship of the EPA to the Government Printing Office (GPO) and the National Technical…

Kadec, Sarah T.

1989-01-01

84

Control-Based Real-Time Metadata Matching for Information Dissemination  

SciTech Connect

Real-time information dissemination is of increasing im- portance to our society. Existing work mainly focuses on delivering information from sources to sinks in a timely manner based on established subscriptions, with the as- sumption that those subscriptions are persistent. However, the bottleneck of many real-time information dissemination systems is actually the matching process to continuously reevaluate such subscriptions between numerous sources and numerous sinks, in response to dynamically varying in- formation attributes at runtime. In this paper, we propose a feedback controller to adaptively meet the response time constraints on metadata matching in an example informa- tion dissemination system. Our controller features a rigor- ous design based on well-established feedback control the- ory for guaranteed control accuracy and system stability. Empirical results on a physical test-bed demonstrate that our controller outperforms both an open-loop solution and a typical heuristic solution, by having more accurate con- trol and better system quality of service.

Chen, Ming [ORNL; Wang, Xiaorui [ORNL; Gunasekaran, Raghul [ORNL; Qi, Hairong [ORNL; Shankar, Mallikarjun [ORNL

2008-01-01

85

Blogs and Military Information Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article explores the possibility of incorporating blogs and blogging into military information strategy, primarily as a tool for influence. Towards that end, the authors examine the value of blogs as targets of and/or platforms for military influence...

D. E. Denning J. B. Kinniburgh

2006-01-01

86

Blogs and Military Information Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph explores the possibility of incorporating blogs and blogging into military information strategy, primarily as a tool for influence. Towards that end, the authors examine the value of blogs as targets of and/or platforms for military influen...

D. Denning J. Kinniburgh

2006-01-01

87

Best practices in electronic government: Comprehensive electronic information dissemination for science and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) has successfully reinvented the way in which DOE collects, organizes, archives, disseminates, and uses scientific and technical information in the performance of research and development (R&D). Through a suite of innovative Web-based products conceived and developed by the Department’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), information and resources

Thurman L. Whitson; Lynn Davis

2001-01-01

88

MultiLevel Security, Geographically Targeted Information Dissemination using Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information dissemination and information assurance (IA) are key programmatic elements in 21st century weapons systems programs, such as future combat system (FCS). The deployment of these systems depends on the availability, integrity and accuracy of information delivered by Department of Defense (DoD) operational networks, in specific the DoD global information grid (GIG). Internet protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the basis

Cynthia E. Martin; Jeffrey H. Dunn

2006-01-01

89

Development of a Database for Effective Dissemination of Nutrition Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1990, the Nutrition Information Service at the USDA\\/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center (CNRC\\/NIS) has been translating nutrition research findings into information consumers can use to improve the dietary patterns and health of children. This presentation highlights the process used by the CNRC\\/ NIS in the development of the Nutrition Information Database (NID). This database is a resource for devel9ping

D. Demory-Luce; J. Carter; B. Gorham; J. Hopkinson; K. Konzelmann

1999-01-01

90

Dynamic Spatial Clustering for Intelligent Mobile Information Sharing and Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent Mobile Information Systems support information-centered applications that require support for a large number of\\u000a distributed mobile users collaborating on a common mission and with interests in a common situation domain. A mobile user\\u000a operating in the field changes location, consumes resources, investigates situations “on the horizon,” and performs other\\u000a incrementally evolving activities. A mobile user’s information needs are therefore

Eddie C. Shek; Giovanni Giuffrida; Suhas Joshi; Son K. Dao

1999-01-01

91

Analyse des Initiatives de Diffusion de l'Information Electronique Gouvernementale (Projet INDIGO) (Analysis of Initiatives for the Dissemination of Governmental Electronic Information (Project INDIGO)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a comparative case study of the dissemination of governmental information in electronic form by organizations in the United States, France, Great Britain, and Norway. It discusses questions of copyright, objectives of dissemination, methods ...

G. Deschatelets P. Bergeron M. Levesque S. Maille M. Legault

1992-01-01

92

32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM Safeguarding §...

2013-07-01

93

An Intelligent Agri-Information Dissemination Framework: An Information Extraction Mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—Farmers, specifically of developing countries, face problems like soil attrition, yield losses, reduced market prices, increased pesticides costs and economic barriers. These problems prevent these cultivators from,adopting,modern,farming strategies and hence render them vulnerable. However, these farmers can,use pre-hand,information to make,informed decisions with respect to all agricultural operation. We propose an Agriculture Information System (Agr-IS) based on ICTs and e-government infrastructure

Qanita Ahmad; Imran Sarwar

94

Proceedings of the ocean energy information dissemination workshop, December 1979  

SciTech Connect

The workshop was held to discuss the status of marketing ocean energy information and to develop an understanding of information needs and how to satisfy them. Presentations were made by the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) staff and media consultants about the effective use of audio-visual and print products, the mass media, and audience needs. Industry and government representatives reported on current efforts in each of their communication programs and outlined future plans. Four target audiences (DOE contractors, researchers, influencers, and general public) were discussed with respect to developing priorities for projects to enhance the commercialization of ocean energy technology.

Petty, D.

1980-04-01

95

Collection and Dissemination of Volcanic Hazard Information for Emergency Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the companion AGU special session in 2000, we predicted a significant future increase in the use of volcanic hazard information by emergency managers, such as the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). Improvements in digital elevation models for volcanoes, the understanding of plume eruption dynamics, lava flow emplacement, and dome growth would all contribute to more accurate estimations of the likely

P. J. Mouginis-Mark; K. A. Horton; H. Garbeil

2010-01-01

96

The Team Concept in Special Education. CASE Information Dissemination Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This information packet for special education administrators addresses the team concept as a means of providing special education services at the local school level to mainstreamed students with mild handicaps and provides examples of such programs. In the first three sections, major purposes and goals of teams are reviewed, including provision…

Brown, Janice M.

97

Applying privacy on the dissemination of location information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent achievements in the positioning technology enable the provision of location-based services that require high accuracy. On the other hand, location privacy is important, since position informa- tion is considered as personal information. Thus, anonymity and location privacy in mobile and per- vasive environments has been receiving increasing attention during the last few years, and several mechanisms and architectures have

Giannis F. Marias; L. Kazatzopoulos; C. Delakouridis; Panagiotis Georgiadis

2006-01-01

98

Information Dissemination between Mobile Nodes for Collaborative Context Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our everyday life, we frequently experience cases where persons group together. In those cases, context-aware systems capture and process identical context. Therefore, the need to collaboratively address Context Awareness (CA) emerges. In the considered setting, ad hoc networking between mobile nodes enables the exchange of information, thus, CA is facilitated. The synergy between mobile nodes materializes the Collaborative CA

Christos Anagnostopoulos; Stathes Hadjiefthymiades; Evangelos Zervas

2011-01-01

99

Information Dissemination Control for Cooperative Active Safety Applications in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) play a critical role in enabling highway active safety applications such as collision warning and vehicle tracking. The most pressing challenge in enabling such applications is to maximize the amount of disseminated vehicle state information while avoiding network congestion. In this paper, we explore the structure of VANET tracking problem and propose an adaptive rate control

Ching-Ling Huang; Yaser P. Fallah; Raja Sengupta; Hariharan Krishnan

2009-01-01

100

Dissemination of information for bond market development in an emerging economy in Asia: case for Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of a bond market in an emerging economy in Asia, where the predominant means of corporate fundraising had been commercial bank loans and equity issues, is a challenge for the issuers, intermediaries and regulators. They need to disseminate appropriate information to reassure potential investors, both institutional and household, in order to convince them that they are not making unwise

Yuji Nozue

2007-01-01

101

The information dissemination policy of the United States patent and trademark office  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses in detail the reasoning behind the patent information dissemination policy of the USPTO and briefly contrasts this with the policies followed by the EPO and JPO. The relationship between the USPTO and the commercial sector is outlined and aspects of the pricing structure are given. The legal framework under which the USPTO operates is also given to

Wesley H. Gewehr

1996-01-01

102

EFFECTIVENESS OF FARMERS FIELD SCHOOL (FFS) APPROACH FOR INFORMATION DISSEMINATION OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY IN PUNJAB  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to non-encouraging performance of T & V system in Pakistan, farmers field school (FFS) approach was introduced which was launched in 15 districts of Punjab, Pakistan. A study was conducted in the Department of Agri. Extension, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad during 2007-08 to see the effectiveness of information provided by FFS staff for dissemination of agricultural technology in Punjab.

Muhammad Shahbaz Bajwa; Munir Ahmad; Tanvir Ali; M. Zafar

103

Assessing the impact of shift to electronic communication and information dissemination by a professional organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large, decentralized scientific and engineering organizations based in North America and Europe have identified electronic media as a strategic technology for communication and information dissemination to their members and other stakeholders. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the largest technical society in the world, recognized its increasing dependence on electronic media and commissioned a study to assess the

Joseph R. Herkert; Christine S. Nielsen

1998-01-01

104

Symposium on the Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Federal Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the public policy issues raised by the electronic collection and dissemination of Federal government information from the perspectives of Congress, the Executive Branch, the private sector, and the user community. Lists of selected references and texts of relevant Office of Management and Budget source documents are provided. An Update on…

Bortnick, Jane, Ed.

1988-01-01

105

Effective Dissemination of Presence Information in Highly Partitioned Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presence technology enables users of an instant messaging (IM) system to determine if their contacts are online and ready to communicate. In this paper, we propose an effective approach for the proactive dissemination of frequently changing presence information in highly partitioned mobile, wireless networks with IEEE 802.11 technology. Although communication techniques for intermittently connected networks have been extensively studied in

Christoph Lindemann; Oliver P. Waldhorst

2006-01-01

106

Addressing Barriers to Wind Energy by Creating Consensus through Information Dissemination and Outreach: Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

OAK B188 The sixteen month project to address barriers to the development of VT wind energy was successful. The project built consensus on wind energy siting issues through four stakeholder workshops and engaged Vermonters on wind energy issues with a wind energy information dissemination and outreach campaign. There is still a great need for more outreach and accurate wind energy

Andrew Perchlik

2003-01-01

107

The endogenous dynamics of financial markets: Interaction and information dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the process that different interactions between investors will prompt information to propagate along a differentiated path and construct a financial market model. As information spreads, increasingly investors are attracted to participate in trading, then the "herding effect" is magnified gradually, which will induce the topology of market network to change and the price to fluctuate. Especially, under different initial conditions or parameters, the peak and fat-tail property is produced and the obtained statistic values coincide with empirical results: the power-law exponents between the peak value of return probability distribution and the time scales range from 0.579 to 0.747, and the exponents between the accumulation distribution and the return on the tail are close to 3. Besides, the extent of volatility clustering in our produced price series is close to that of S&P 500 and locates between NASDAQ and HSI. All the results obtained here indicate that the continuous variation of the "herding effect" resulting from information propagation among interacting investors may be the origin of stylized facts of price fluctuations.

Yang, ChunXia; Hu, Sen; Xia, BingYing

2012-06-01

108

Collection and Dissemination of Volcanic Hazard Information for Emergency Managers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the companion AGU special session in 2000, we predicted a significant future increase in the use of volcanic hazard information by emergency managers, such as the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). Improvements in digital elevation models for volcanoes, the understanding of plume eruption dynamics, lava flow emplacement, and dome growth would all contribute to more accurate estimations of the likely damage and area affected. Automated "event detection algorithms" based on remote monitoring sensors, and on more frequent high resolution satellite coverage, were expected to provide quantitative data that would be distributed to the disaster management community via user-interactive web pages tailored to their geographic region of interest and the on-going style of volcanism. This year's activity at Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano highlighted the need for a wide diversity of remote sensing capabilities around the world. It became clear that airline officials and trans-Atlantic flyers required detailed regional information that was often unavailable from the suite of orbital sensors. Contrast this with the wealth of orbital data, from more than a dozen different spacecraft, that was collected daily over the Gulf Oil Spill in mid-2010, and used for near real-time deployment of ships and coastal crews dealing with the event. So what has limited the use of remote sensing data for volcano hazard assessment? There have been some remote sensing successes. The on-going eruption of Halema'uma'u has prompted the development of an array of FLYSPEC SO2 measurement instruments that will be deployed downwind of the vent in order to provide better monitoring and prediction of hazardous conditions for the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This array will provide high resolution, real-time measurement of SO2 flux from the vent during the daylight hours. However, this is a ground-based capability, rather than orbital. One of the inhibitors to the current collection of timely space-based information for volcano hazard monitoring is the lack of sensors tailored to volcanic applications. Agencies such as NASA and ESA have long-term plans for large platforms which serve multiple communities, or propose one-off missions that meet the highest Earth science requirements for climate change research. One solution that might appear in the up-coming decade (2011 - 2020) is the utilization of smaller satellites costing <$20M per launch including the costs of the rocket. Sensors currently being developed that might meet this need include new hyperspectral visible, near-infrared and thermal-infrared imagers that would facilitate more accurate lava flow and dome temperature determinations. Clusters of 3 - 6 similar satellites could also be flown, reducing the site revisit time from weeks (i.e., comparable to Landsat) to about a day or less. We will therefore evaluate the opportunities provided by small satellite missions that may be flown between now and 2020.

Mouginis-Mark, P. J.; Horton, K. A.; Garbeil, H.

2010-12-01

109

Stage 2--Information Seeking Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief overview of one Big6 stage by Mike Eisenberg, followed by articles by two exemplary Big6 teachers, Barbara Jansen and Rob Darrow, offering practical uses of the Big6 in elementary and secondary situations is presented. The two-part nature of information seeking strategies that includes brainstorming and choosing is emphasized.

Elsenberg, Michael B.

2005-01-01

110

Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination. Final Report, Volume 3, Supplementary Reference Materials (Appendices 13 through 34).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Constrained by a statutory requirement for self-funding and facing a new paradigm in information dissemination, the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) was failing. As federal agencies distributed reports at no cost on the World Wide Webreports ...

2001-01-01

111

Reporting epidemics: newspapers, information dissemination and the story of Ebola in the Ugandan district of Luweero  

PubMed Central

When an outbreak occurs, the affected population needs timely information in order to make informed decisions on how best to deal with the situation. Most target populations rely on the media for their information and the authorities use the media to disseminate outbreak information. The media, particularly locally based media, is as a result, crucial to public health outcomes. Reports on outbreaks should be as easy to understand as possible. However, there is, at times, a mismatch between the ideal and the practice. In looking at an example of the practice, this opinion hopes to influence the negotiation for the ideal in outbreak reporting.

Mwesiga, Allan

2011-01-01

112

Reporting epidemics: newspapers, information dissemination and the story of Ebola in the Ugandan district of Luweero.  

PubMed

When an outbreak occurs, the affected population needs timely information in order to make informed decisions on how best to deal with the situation. Most target populations rely on the media for their information and the authorities use the media to disseminate outbreak information. The media, particularly locally based media, is as a result, crucial to public health outcomes. Reports on outbreaks should be as easy to understand as possible. However, there is, at times, a mismatch between the ideal and the practice. In looking at an example of the practice, this opinion hopes to influence the negotiation for the ideal in outbreak reporting. PMID:22355441

Mwesiga, Allan

2011-08-23

113

The BLISS cluster randomised controlled trial of the effect of 'active dissemination of information' on standards of care for premature babies in England (BEADI) study protocol [ISRCTN89683698  

PubMed Central

Background Gaps between research knowledge and practice have been consistently reported. Traditional ways of communicating information have limited impact on practice changes. Strategies to disseminate information need to be more interactive and based on techniques reported in systematic reviews of implementation of changes. There is a need for clarification as to which dissemination strategies work best to translate evidence into practice in neonatal units across England. The objective of this trial is to assess whether an innovative active strategy for the dissemination of neonatal research findings, recommendations, and national neonatal guidelines is more likely to lead to changes in policy and practice than the traditional (more passive) forms of dissemination in England. Methods/design Cluster randomised controlled trial of all neonatal units in England (randomised by hospital, n = 182 and stratified by neonatal regional networks and neonatal units level of care) to assess the relative effectiveness of active dissemination strategies on changes in local policies and practices. Participants will be mainly consultant lead clinicians in each unit. The intervention will be multifaceted using: audit and feedback; educational meetings for local staff (evidence-based lectures on selected topics, interactive workshop to examine current practice and draw up plans for change); and quality improvement and organisational changes methods. Policies and practice outcomes for the babies involved will be collected before and after the intervention. Outcomes will assess all premature babies born in England during a three month period for timing of surfactant administration at birth, temperature control at birth, and resuscitation team (qualification and numbers) present at birth. Trial registration Current controlled trials ISRCTN89683698

Acolet, Dominique; Jelphs, Kim; Davidson, Deborah; Peck, Edward; Clemens, Felicity; Houston, Rosie; Weindling, Michael; Lavis, John; Elbourne, Diana

2007-01-01

114

Dissemination of information on the off-label (unapproved) use of medication: a comparative analysis.  

PubMed

"Off-label" in relation to the use of medication means that a medicine is used in another way or for indications other than those specified in its conditions of registration and reflected in its labelling. The off-label use of medication accounts for an estimated 21 per cent of drug use overall and is an important part of mainstream, legitimate medical practice worldwide. In South Africa, legislation prohibits the dissemination of information regarding the off-label use of medication. There are diverging views on whether pharmaceutical companies should be allowed to distribute scientific publications on off-label uses of approved drugs. Current policy in the United States of America (USA) eases restrictions on the dissemination of information of this nature. The prohibitions existing in South Africa, however, are more comparable with those in European countries. After analysing the different legal positions on the issue, it is submitted that pharmaceutical companies should not be allowed to disseminate information on off-label uses, but that the regulatory authority play an active and leading role in providing the latest, objective medical and scientific information, as well as guidelines on the off-label use of medication. Other related recommendations are also made. PMID:21528801

Jansen, Rita-Marié

2011-03-01

115

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

Wu, S. T.

1995-03-01

116

Challenges in Building Scalable Network Centric Real-Time Information Dissemination Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the DoD strives for a new Network Centric Warfare (NCW) (Alberts et al., http:\\/\\/www.dodccrp.org) capability, a multitude of technical and organizational challenges are being faced. In large part, NCW can be classified as a collective large-scale information dissemination system that operates at multitudes of levels and will be implemented using different distributed technologies and architectural styles. This paper classifies

Scott Arthur Moody

2003-01-01

117

Challenges in building scalable network centric real-time information dissemination systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the DoD strives for a new Network Centric Warfare (NCW[1]) capability, a multitude of technical and organizational challenges are being faced. In large part, NCW can be classified as a collective large-scale information dissemination system that operates at multitudes of levels and will be implemented using different distributed technologies and architectural styles. This paper classifies the use of these

Scott Arthur Moody

2003-01-01

118

Beyond Dissemination in College Science Teaching: An Introduction to Four Core Change Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Within the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education community there are repeated calls for the reform of undergraduate teaching. Resulting change efforts often focus on developing and disseminating specific instructional ideas and

Beach, Andrea; Henderson, Charles; Finkelstein, Noah

2010-05-01

119

System-wide adoption of health promotion practices by schools: evaluation of a telephone and mail-based dissemination strategy in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Schools can potentially benefit from system-wide approaches to the dissemination of health promotion practices. This intervention study undertaken in the Hunter Region of NSW, Australia, used a pre-post design to assess whether a phone and mail intervention dissemination strategy was associated with an increase in the proportion of 218 primary schools undertaking eight health promo- tion practices. Health promotion

ELIZABETH JOHNSTONE; JENNY KNIGHT; KAREN GILLHAM; ELIZABETH CAMPBELL; CRAIG NICHOLAS; JOHN WIGGERS

2006-01-01

120

Readiness and School Improvement: Strategies for Enhancing Dissemination and Implementation of Expanded School Mental Health Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this paper is to describe efforts to promote effective dissemination and adoption of an evidence-based school improvement model that incorporates expanded school mental health practices. A systematic readiness and capacity assessment process was used to identify and select pilot schools and school districts for participation in the Ohio Community Collaboration Model for School Improvement (OCCMSI: Anderson-Butcher

Paul D Flaspohler; Dawn Anderson-Butcher; Jerry Bean; Robert W. Burke; Carl E. Paternite

2008-01-01

121

Marketing: Exploring Applications for Educational Dissemination. Literature Synthesis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This synthesis of information about marketing and information dissemination of education-related products is divided into three parts: an overview of major writings, specific marketing strategies, and resources for further study. The first part opens with...

L. Reed

1978-01-01

122

Controlling the rise in cesarean section rates by the dissemination of information from vital records.  

PubMed Central

The recent rapid increase in cesarean childbirth is a source of growing public health concern. We suggest that one method of ameliorating the rise would be to disseminate hospital-specific cesarean section rates. To make such rates comparable between hospitals, it is necessary to adjust for variations in maternal and newborn factors associated with cesarean section. We therefore applied an indirect standardization technique to three years of California vital records data. The results show sizable variations in cesarean section rates among individual hospitals and by hospital type, both before and after standardization. For such a method to be effective, complete and accurate information from birth certificates is an obvious prerequisite.

Williams, R L; Chen, P M

1983-01-01

123

What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of the Media in Disseminating Health Information?  

PubMed Central

Background to the debate: In December 2004 three news stories in the popular press suggested that the side effects of single-dose nevirapine, which has been proven to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, had been covered up. Many HIV experts believed that the stories were unwarranted and that they would undermine use of the drug, leading to a rise in neonatal HIV infection. The controversy surrounding these stories prompted the PLoS Medicine editors to ask health journalists, and others with an interest in media reporting of health, to share their views on the roles and responsibilities of the media in disseminating health information.

2005-01-01

124

Addressing Barriers to Wind Energy by Creating Consensus through Information Dissemination and Outreach: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 The sixteen month project to address barriers to the development of VT wind energy was successful. The project built consensus on wind energy siting issues through four stakeholder workshops and engaged Vermonters on wind energy issues with a wind energy information dissemination and outreach campaign. There is still a great need for more outreach and accurate wind energy information dissemination on the local level where informed discussion on the cost and benefits of wind energy projects needs to be held. The stakeholder workshop framework and outreach tools that were created by this project will be helpful tools as state agencies, wind developers, non-profit organizations and concerned citizens (in Vermont and around the country) continue to discuss wind energy projects and the role of wind energy in comprehensive energy plans. Given the success of this project it is recommended that other states replicate this project as a way to help overcome the barriers to win d energy development. This report provides: an overview of the project accomplishments, detailed quarter by quarter descriptions of the project activities, activities spawned by the project, conclusions, and copies of all the documents created during the project as attachments (No.1-8).

Andrew Perchlik

2003-02-28

125

Disseminating maternal health information to rural women: a user centered design framework.  

PubMed

The delivery of primary health information to rural women is a considerable challenge for government and private sectors in rural India. This paper illustrates how by applying the proposed user centered framework dissemination of maternal health information to rural women can be improved. First, the paper presents baseline study to obtain existing knowledge level of women and design requirements for a Primary Health Information System (PHIS). Second, the paper presents a brief description of the PHIS system which was deployed in a village for sixteen months in rural India. Third, the paper explains longitudinal study conducted post intervention of PHIS to measure the impact of PHIS on the knowledge level and health behaviour of rural women in comparison to the baseline study. The results indicate that by following the proposed user centered approach to design the PHIS, a significant improvement in knowledge level of rural women and positive changes in health practices are achieved. PMID:21347047

Parmar, Vikram

2010-11-13

126

Implementation Predictors of Formal Information Technology Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for improved implementation of information technology (IT) strategy has been emphasised in both empirical and prescriptive research studies. In this study, the main research question is: “what content characteristics of formal IT strategy predict the extent of plan implementation?” Ten content characteristics of formal information technology strategy were identified from the research literature as potential implementation predictors. These,

Petter Gottschalk

1999-01-01

127

National Security Strategy and Information Warfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines how the National Security Strategy (NSS) and its new subcomponent, the National Security Science and Technology Strategy (NSSTS) address Information Warfare. The Executive Branch has put the Department of Defense (DoD) on the front lin...

S. Klinefelter

1997-01-01

128

Final administrative report for technology transfer and information dissemination, January 1, 1982-March 31, 1983  

SciTech Connect

The Geo-Heat Center was established in 1974 as a result of an International Geothermal Conference held at Oregon Institute of Technology for the purpose of providing an information exchange and technology transfer on the direct use of geothermal from both the USA and international sources. This was accomplished by establishing an information dissemination program, conducting applied research and working on site specific feasibility study projects in seven western states by means of a USDOE sponsored technical assistance program. This report covers the period from January 1, 1982 to March 31, 1983 which provided a public service in the form of a Quarterly Bulletin, technology transfer and a Region X Geothermal Report. The tasks accomplished are summarized.

Lienau, P.J.

1983-04-01

129

[Early dissemination of information: an essential ingredient in the prevention of biological warfare].  

PubMed

A primary prevention program is the most efficient component in the protection against biological warfare. This paper presents the early dissemination of information to the public and the interpretation of the biological threat as an essential ingredient in such a prevention program. This critical ingredient may dictate the success or failure of the protective actions. Early exposition of the threat to the public and explanation of its traits and direction to the coping process leads the public to adaptive coping behavior, thus ensuring lower prevalence of somatic and psychological casualties. The lack of such early detailed information about both the threat and the direction for coping behavior may lead to unadaptive behavior and a potential high prevalence of physical and psychic casualties, far beyond the treatment capacity of the medical system. Furthermore, it may lead to mistrust in the leadership, followed by the disintegration of the social system and the democracy. PMID:12170563

Noy, Shabtai

2002-05-01

130

Structural and informal knowledge acquisition and dissemination in organizational learning : An exploratory analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The topic of organizational learning is populated with many theories and models; many relate to the enduring organizational learning framework consisting of knowledge acquisition, knowledge dissemination, and knowledge use. However, most of the research either emphasizes structural knowledge acquisition and dissemination as a composite construct, or focuses solely on the structural aspect of knowledge acquisition and dissemination. The

Siu Loon Hoe; Steven McShane

2010-01-01

131

A community-based approach to disseminate health information on the hazards of prenatal mercury exposure in Brooklyn, NY.  

PubMed

Exposure to mercury (Hg) in utero can have neurotoxic effects on the developing fetus. Mercury exposure in women of childbearing age has been associated with frequent fish consumption, coastal proximity, foreign birth, and exposure during ritualistic practices. The aim of this study was to identify culturally-appropriate strategies to disseminate messages on the hazards of in utero Hg exposure in fertile and pregnant women in a predominantly urban immigrant community in Flatbush, Brooklyn, following findings from a recent study on mercury exposure in this community. Nineteen key informant interviews were conducted in Flatbush, Brooklyn with community members, medical professionals, fishmongers, and a religious practitioner to solicit feedback on culturally sensitive methods to educate the community on Hg hazards. The main themes identified include clinical integration, where providers integrate the message in routine care; community integration, whereby influential organizations and community members foster message delivery; media usage; and message reinforcement via continuous exposure. It is vital for healthcare providers and public health practitioners to be culturally sensitive in educating their patients on fish selection during pregnancy and safety of handling Hg. Instead of a single approach, a combination of media and educational strategies would help to reinforce the message. These findings form a basis for public health campaigns to apprise other urban immigrant communities of the hazards of in utero Hg exposure. PMID:22684863

Callejo, Fay P; Geer, Laura A

2012-08-01

132

Web-based strategies to disseminate a sun safety curriculum to public elementary schools and state-licensed child-care facilities.  

PubMed

The Sunny Days, Healthy Ways curriculum, which has been effective in previous trials, was disseminated to public elementary schools (n=2,030) and state-licensed child-care facilities (n=3,755) in 4 states. Two Web sites were created, varying in the amount and type of information. Mailings referred principals and directors to the sites. Overall 117 unique users made 172 visits to the sites. More repeat visits were made to the enhanced than to the basic site (p=.04). In a survey, 20.0% of principals and directors recalled receiving the mailings and 80.9% of these read them. Web-based strategies were weak, but the low response rate may be typical for such marketing. They will require supplementation by more personal approaches. PMID:16162041

Buller, David B; Buller, Mary Klein; Kane, Ilima

2005-09-01

133

Improving the Dissemination of United States Government Information: The Report of the Public Printer's Sales Publications Pricing Panel. (Reannouncement with New Availability Information).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Government Printing Office's Sales Of Publications Program was established by Congress to disseminate government information to the public at an economical price. It is one of the few government programs that operates on a selfsustaining basis. In fac...

S. M. Foss

1991-01-01

134

Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries and the United States Patent and Trademark Office: A Model for Information Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the network of Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries (PTDLs), a collaborative partnership with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for disseminating patent and trademark information in every state plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Typical information sources and services provided at PTDLs…

Jenda, Claudine Arnold

2005-01-01

135

Evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines  

PubMed Central

Background Few validated guidelines exist for developing messages in health promotion practice. In clinical practice, the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research, and Evaluation II (AGREE II) Instrument is the international gold standard for guideline assessment, development, and reporting. In a case study format, this paper describes the application of the AGREE II principles to guide the development of health promotion guidelines for constructing messages to supplement the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines (CPAG) released in 2011. Methods The AGREE II items were modified to suit the objectives of developing messages that (1) clarify key components of the new CPAG and (2) motivate Canadians to meet the CPAG. The adapted AGREE II Instrument was used as a systematic guide for the recommendation development process. Over a two-day meeting, five workgroups (one for each CPAG – child, youth, adult, older adult – and one overarching group) of five to six experts (including behavior change, messaging, and exercise physiology researchers, key stakeholders, and end users) reviewed and discussed evidence for creating and targeting messages to supplement the new CPAG. Recommendations were summarized and reviewed by workgroup experts. The recommendations were pilot tested among end users and then finalized by the workgroup. Results The AGREE II was a useful tool in guiding the development of evidence-based specific recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages that supplement and increase awareness of the new CPAG (child, youth, adults, and older adults). The process also led to the development of sample messages and provision of a rationale alongside the recommendations. Conclusions To our knowledge, these are the first set of evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing physical activity guidelines. This project also represents the first application of international standards for guideline development (i.e., AGREE II) to the creation of practical recommendations specifically aimed to inform health promotion and public health practice. The messaging recommendations have the potential to increase the public health impact of evidence-based guidelines.

2013-01-01

136

Coalition Warfare Program (CWP): secure policy controlled information query and dissemination over a Bices network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2006, the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) established a collaborative research alliance with academia and industry, called the International Technology Alliance (ITA) to address fundamental issues concerning Network and Information Sciences. Under the ITA research program, a US-UK transition project on "ITA Policy Controlled Information Query and Dissemination" was funded in 2011 by OSD's Coalition Warfare Program (CWP). The goal of this CWP project is to develop an extensible capability of performing distributed federated query and information dissemination across a coalition network of distributed disparate data/information sources with access­ controlled policies. The CWP project is lead by US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and UK Defence Science Technology Laboratory (Dstl) with software development by IBM UK and IBM US. The CWP project exploits two key technology components developed within the ITA, namely the Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms. The Gaian Database (GaianDB) is a Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD) that addresses a need to share information among coalition members by providing a means for policy-controlled access to data across a network of heterogeneous data sources. GaianDB implements a SQL-compliant Store-Locally-Query-Anywhere (SLQA) approach providing software applications with global access to data from any node in the database network via standard SQL queries. Security policy is stored locally and enforced at the database node level, reducing potential for unauthorized data access and waste of network bandwidth. A key metric of success for a CWP project is the transition of coalition-related technology from TRL-3 or 4 to TRL-6 or higher. Thus, the end goal of this CWP project was to demonstrate the GaianDB and policy technology within an operational environment at the NATO Intelligence Fusion Centre (NIFC) at Molesworth RAF. An initial demonstration of this technology in a 'stand alone' environment was undertaken at the NIFC in November 2011 using a data set comprised of 140,000 documents. Recently the system has been modified to include a secure authentication mechanism based on a Kerberos ticketing framework and this has now been integrated onto the NIFC Battlefield Information, Collection, and Exploitation System (BICES) network. In summary, the paper discusses the CWP project; the two key technologies (i.e., Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms) developed within the US UK ITA research program; how these have been integrated into the NIFC BICES; and future plans for the program.

Toth, Andrew; Pham, Tien; Karr, Todd; Bent, Graham; Harries, Dominic; Knox, Alan

2013-05-01

137

Managing Information Strategies in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These nine papers address issues in information management and information technology in higher education from a European perspective. Papers focus on information management in the context of institutional management and administration. The chapters are: (1) "General Introduction" (Edgar Frackman); (2) "From Computing Strategy to Information

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

138

XML&CORBA-based distributed system for information integration and dissemination in multimedia neuroimaging applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medical information systems based in different hospital departments face tremendous difficulty in information exchange and dissemination due to the multitudes of hardware and software platforms running these systems. In this paper, we describe a distributed information system for integrating various hospital systems in supporting clinical neuroimaging research and epilepsy surgical planning. Our distributed information system uses a three-tiered architecture consists of a user-interface tier, application logic tier and data store tier. Two system implementations based on this software architecture but using different integration technologies were developed and are discussed in this paper: the XML (extensible Mark Up Language)-based implementation and the CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture)-based implementation. In the XML-based implementation, application logic tier communicates with user-interface tier and data store tier using HTTP and XML for data exchange. For the data exchange in CORBA-based implementation, the middleware uses IIOP (Internet inter-ORB protocol) to call CORBA objects in the data store tier then to return the results to the user-interface tier. For the user-interface tier of either implementation, the Web browsers are served as clients to invoke application components or agents in the middleware. The application of the proposed distributed system allows clinical users to access, search and retrieve the multimedia information in any underlying computer systems with commonly used Web browsers. Preliminary results show that the system is effective for information integration and data sharing among the different departmental systems in the hospital for neuroimaging applications.

Cao, Xinhua; Wong, Stephen T.; Hoo, Kent S.; Ching, Wan; Hawkins, Randall A.; Dillon, William P.

2002-05-01

139

Disseminating information about healthcare effectiveness: a survey of consumer health information services  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In 1997 a research based information leaflet designed for men considering being screened for prostate cancer was distributed to general practitioners (GPs) and consumer health information services. OBJECTIVES: To investigate consumer health information service staff opinions of the leaflet and the use they made of it. To find out whether such staff would find similar leaflets on other topics

V. A. Entwistle; I. S. Watt

1998-01-01

140

The use of a proactive dissemination strategy to optimize reach of an internet-delivered computer tailored lifestyle intervention  

PubMed Central

Background The use of reactive strategies to disseminate effective Internet-delivered lifestyle interventions restricts their level of reach within the target population. This stresses the need to invest in proactive strategies to offer these interventions to the target population. The present study used a proactive strategy to increase reach of an Internet-delivered multi component computer tailored intervention, by embedding the intervention in an existing online health monitoring system of the Regional Public Health Services in the Netherlands. Methods The research population consisted of Dutch adults who were invited to participate in the Adult Health Monitor (N?=?96,388) offered by the Regional Public Health Services. This Monitor consisted of an online or a written questionnaire. A prospective design was used to determine levels of reach, by focusing on actual participation in the lifestyle intervention. Furthermore, adequacy of reach among the target group was assessed by composing detailed profiles of intervention users. Participants’ characteristics, like demographics, behavioral and mental health status and quality of life, were included in the model as predictors. Results A total of 41,155 (43%) people participated in the Adult Health Monitor, of which 41% (n?=?16,940) filled out the online version. More than half of the online participants indicated their interest (n?=?9169; 54%) in the computer tailored intervention and 5168 participants (31%) actually participated in the Internet-delivered computer tailored intervention. Males, older respondents and individuals with a higher educational degree were significantly more likely to participate in the intervention. Furthermore, results indicated that especially participants with a relatively healthier lifestyle and a healthy BMI were likely to participate. Conclusions With one out of three online Adult Health Monitor participants actually participating in the computer tailored lifestyle intervention, the employed proactive dissemination strategy succeeded in ensuring relatively high levels of reach. Reach among at-risk individuals (e.g. low socioeconomic status and unhealthy lifestyle) was modest. It is therefore essential to further optimize reach by putting additional effort into increasing interest in the lifestyle intervention among at-risk individuals and to encourage them to actually use the intervention. Trial registration Dutch Trial Register (NTR1786) and Medical Ethics Committee of Maastricht University and the University Hospital Maastricht (NL2723506809/MEC0903016).

2013-01-01

141

Dissemination of information on unapproved/new uses for marketed drugs, biologics, and devices--FDA. Final rule.  

PubMed

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing final regulations pertaining to the dissemination of information on unapproved uses (also referred to as "new uses" and "off-label uses") for marketed drugs, including biologics, and devices. The final rule describes the new use information that a manufacturer may disseminate and describes the content of and establishes procedures for a manufacturer's submission to FDA before it may begin disseminating information on the new use. The final rule also describes how manufacturers seeking to disseminate information on a new use must agree to submit a supplemental application for that use within a specified period of time, unless a supplemental application already has been submitted or FDA has exempted the manufacturer from the requirement to submit a supplement. The final rule provides for requests to extend the time period for submitting a supplemental application for a new use and describes how a manufacturer can seek an exemption from the requirement to submit a supplemental application for the new use. Additionally, the final rule discusses FDA actions in response to manufacturers' submissions, corrective actions that FDA may take or require, and recordkeeping and reporting requirements. The final rule implements sections 551 through 557 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 360aaa through 360aaa-6) as amended by section 401 of the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (FDAMA). PMID:10339052

1998-11-20

142

Ground facility for information reception, processing, dissemination and scientific instruments management setup in the CORONAS-PHOTON space project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the organizational structure of ground-based receiving, processing, and dissemination of scientific information created by the Astrophysics Institute of the Scientific Research Nuclear University, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. Hardware structure and software features are described. The principles are given for forming sets of control commands for scientific equipment (SE) devices, and statistics data are presented on the

A. S. Buslov; Yu. D. Kotov; V. N. Yurov; M. V. Bessonov; P. A. Kalmykov; E. M. Oreshnikov; A. M. Alimov; A. V. Tumanov; E. A. Zhuchkova

2011-01-01

143

Disseminating Health Information and Diabetes Care for Latinos Via Electronic Information Kiosks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the use of electronic, web-enabled touch-screen information kiosks as a tool to provide culturally\\u000a and linguistically appropriate diabetes information to Latino audiences. Two kiosk models (high privacy sit-down, group enabled\\u000a stand-up) in two locations (pharmacy, community center) in Northeast Georgia provided bilingual, read-aloud diabetes education\\u000a and local resource information on health care. Data from public use and

Paul H. Matthews; Carolina Darbisi; Lorilee Sandmann; Robert Galen; Donald Rubin

2009-01-01

144

Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination Program annual report for fiscal year 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 as a near-term effort to expand and accelerate the research needed to address the EMF issue. As required by this legislation, the EMF Interagency Committee, the National EMF Advisory Committee (NEMFAC), and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) are providing valued input and advice for the direction of this program. With this input and advice, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) have developed and are implementing five-year program plans. Multi-year health effects research projects and related EMF measurement and exposure assessment projects are underway using funds appropriated in fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 together with voluntary non-Federal contributions. The results of these research projects, along with the results of other EMF research, will be used as input to the hazard evaluation effort, which is the focus of the EMF RAPID Program. A coordinated interagency program is underway to communicate needed information on the EMF issue in a clear manner to the public and other decision makers.

NONE

1997-06-01

145

Dissemination of information on unapproved/new uses for marketed drugs, biologics, and devices--FDA. Proposed rule.  

PubMed

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is proposing to issue new regulations pertaining to the dissemination of information on unapproved uses (also referred to as "new uses" and "off-label uses") for marketed drug, including biologics, and devices. The proposal, which would implement the dissemination provisions of the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (FDAMA), would describe the content of and establish procedures for a manufacturer's submissions to FDA before it may begin disseminating information on the new use. The proposal also would describe how manufacturers seeking to disseminate new use information must agree to submit a supplement for that use within a specified period of time, unless a supplemental application already has been submitted or FDA has exempted the manufacturer from the requirement to submit a supplement. The proposal also would provide for requests to extend the time period for submitting a supplement for a new use, and it would describe how a manufacturer can seek an exemption from the requirement to submit a supplement. Additionally, the proposal would discuss FDA actions in response to manufacturer's submissions, corrective actions that FDA may take, and recordkeeping and reporting requirements. PMID:10180130

1998-06-01

146

Hovering Information : Infrastructure-Free Self-Organising Location-Aware Information Dissemination Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a location-based service for disseminat- ing geo-localised information generated by and aimed at mobile users. The service itself works in a self-organising manner. A piece of hovering information is attached to a geographical point, called the anchor loca- tion, and to its vicinity area, called the anchor area. It is responsible for keeping itself alive, available and

Alfredo A. Villalba Castro; Giovanna Di; Dimitri Konstantas

147

Engendering Climate Information Networks in Africa: Case Studies of Digital and FM Radio for Disseminating Disaster Early Warnings to Women and Youth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines the effectiveness of FM and digital radio in disseminating weather and climate information to remote rural populations in Niger and Uganda. In Niger, poor communications infrastructure necessitated the establishment of a basic radio system as a first step towards disseminating climate information. Dissemination via digital radio is limited, in this context, by lack of technical support and the difficulty of maintaining computer equipment in the hot and dusty climate. Community FM stations have supported a range of mitigation activities that reduced vulnerability in all sites studied. Digital radio proved a more effective tool for disseminating climate information in Uganda, where technical knowledge is more prevalent and infrastructure networks are stronger. The primary challenge in Uganda lies in maintaining equipment in remote locations and disseminating information to a wider audience by linking with FM radio. Climate and weather information is already demonstrating positive impacts on agricultural production in Uganda, health and civil society in Niger, and on vulnerability reduction in both countries. Radio,particularly FM, was an excellent medium for disseminating information to women, youth, and other hard to reach populations. Discussion will focus on recommendations for improving the effectiveness of both systems and for practically linking FM and digital dissemination systems for better communication of climate information. Implications of the case studies will also be discussed in the context of digital and FM radio as media for disseminating other types of scientific information.

Stewart, M. M.; Pratt, M.

2002-05-01

148

A WebGIS for the dissemination of information on historical landslides and floods in Umbria, Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A web site was designed to disseminate new information on historical landslides and floods in Umbria, central Italy. The historical\\u000a information was compiled through a thorough review of existing catalogues of historical landslide and flood events, supplemented\\u000a by an extensive search of local historical archives and chronicles, for the period before 1900. The new catalogue lists 1983\\u000a landslide events in

Paola Salvati; Vinicio Balducci; Cinzia Bianchi; Fausto Guzzetti; Gabriele Tonelli

2009-01-01

149

Disseminating sexually transmitted infections diagnostics information: the SDI web publication review series  

PubMed Central

Objectives The World Health Organization Sexually Transmitted Diseases Diagnostics Initiative (SDI) website publication review seeks to provide health care providers in all geographic and economic settings with timely, critical, and concise information concerning new developments in laboratory and field diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STI). Methods Since 2003, the website (www.who.int/std_diagnostics/literature_reviews) has disseminated information in the form of annotated abstracts and commentaries on articles covering studies of STI laboratory?based and rapid assays that are commercially available or under development. Articles identified through searches of PubMed, specific journals, and by referrals from Editorial Board members are selected for inclusion if they meet pre?specified criteria. The objectives, methods, results, and conclusions for each article are summarised and board members are invited to prepare commentaries addressing study design and applicability of findings to end users. Results Currently, 91 STI diagnostics experts from 17 countries on six continents serve on the Editorial Board. Twelve quarterly issues have been posted that include summaries of 214 original and 17 review articles published from January 2002 through March 2005, with expert commentaries on 153 articles. Interest in the site has increased every year. In 2005, over 36?700 unique visitors from more than 100 countries viewed over 75?000 pages of information. Conclusions The SDI Publication Review series has the potential to contribute to SDI's goal of improving care for patients with STI by increasing knowledge and awareness of STI diagnostics. Given the proliferation of internet?based STI testing services, this website may be broadened to meet the needs of a wider range of users.

Kuypers, J; Tam, M R; Holmes, K K; Peeling, R W

2006-01-01

150

Disseminating health information and diabetes care for Latinos via electronic information kiosks.  

PubMed

This study investigated the use of electronic, web-enabled touch-screen information kiosks as a tool to provide culturally and linguistically appropriate diabetes information to Latino audiences. Two kiosk models (high privacy sit-down, group enabled stand-up) in two locations (pharmacy, community center) in Northeast Georgia provided bilingual, read-aloud diabetes education and local resource information on health care. Data from public use and interviews with focus group participants showed that users found the kiosks and their functions helpful and usable, though usage was moderated by presence or absence of a peer health educator (promotora); participants also preferred the sit-down, multi-function kiosk model. PMID:18392935

Matthews, Paul H; Darbisi, Carolina; Sandmann, Lorilee; Galen, Robert; Rubin, Donald

2008-04-08

151

Dissemination Strategies: The Evolution of Learning Resources on the Evaluation of Delirium, Dementia, and Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Clinicians experience great pressures to provide timely, effective, and evidence-based medical care. Educators can aid these clinicians through the development of new tools that can facilitate timely completion of clinical tasks. These tools should summarize evidence-based information in a convenient format that allows easy use. This article…

Horvath, Kathy J.; Tumosa, Nina; Thielke, Stephen; Moorer, Julie; Huh, Terri; Cooley, Susan; Craft, Suzanne; Burns, Theressa

2011-01-01

152

Dissemination Strategies: The Evolution of Learning Resources on the Evaluation of Delirium, Dementia, and Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinicians experience great pressures to provide timely, effective, and evidence-based medical care. Educators can aid these clinicians through the development of new tools that can facilitate timely completion of clinical tasks. These tools should summarize evidence-based information in a convenient format that allows easy use. This article describes one process in which a group of Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical

Kathy J. Horvath; Nina Tumosa; Stephen Thielke; Julie Moorer; Terri Huh; Susan Cooley; Suzanne Craft; Theressa Burns

2011-01-01

153

Technical assistance and information dissemination efforts at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Technical assistance and information dissemination performed by EG and G Idaho's Hydrothermal Commercialization Division (now Geothermal Program Office) at the INEL during FY-80 are described. Requests for technical information increased by one-third over the previous year, and tended to be more specific than previously. Requests for technical assistance generally involved larger projects than previously, and preparation of adequate responses required significantly more time. Information dissemination included 18 exhibits in 10 states plus the District of Columbia, with nearly 400,000 exposures. The work included development and production of major display hardware; preparation and production of a new edition of Rules of Thumb, a much-demanded brochure; and support of State Commercialization Teams by production of customized slide shows for 10 states plus additional support through bulk distribution of brochures and technical documentation on request.

Toth, W.J.; Engen, I.A.; Meltzer, F.L.

1980-03-01

154

Preliminary Analysis of Research and Policy Interpretation Products/Strategies Identified in Initial Search with Implications for Dissemination/ Feedforward System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes a preliminary attempt to explore and map the research information, products, and strategies with implications for educational policy. Since efforts were directed toward breadth rather than depth coverage, the results were more useful in identifying gaps than in analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the available…

Oregon Univ., Eugene. Center for Educational Policy and Management.

155

Ground facility for information reception, processing, dissemination and scientific instruments management setup in the CORONAS-PHOTON space project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper deals with the organizational structure of ground-based receiving, processing, and dissemination of scientific information created by the Astrophysics Institute of the Scientific Research Nuclear University, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. Hardware structure and software features are described. The principles are given for forming sets of control commands for scientific equipment (SE) devices, and statistics data are presented on the operation of facility during flight tests of the spacecraft (SC) in the course of one year.

Buslov, A. S.; Kotov, Yu. D.; Yurov, V. N.; Bessonov, M. V.; Kalmykov, P. A.; Oreshnikov, E. M.; Alimov, A. M.; Tumanov, A. V.; Zhuchkova, E. A.

2011-06-01

156

Autonomous Gossiping: A Self-Organizing Epidemic Algorithm for Selective Information Dissemination in Wireless Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce autonomous gossiping (A\\/G), a new genre epidemic algorithm for selective dissemination of information in contrast to previous usage of epidemic algorithms which flood the whole network. A\\/G is a paradigm which suits well in a mobile ad-hoc networking (MANET) environment because it does not require any infrastructure or middleware like multicast tree and (un)subscription maintenance for publish\\/subscribe, but

Anwitaman Datta; Silvia Quarteroni; Karl Aberer

2004-01-01

157

Ground facility for information reception, processing, dissemination and scientific instruments management setup in the CORONAS-PHOTON space project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the organizational structure of ground-based receiving, processing, and dissemination of scientific\\u000a information created by the Astrophysics Institute of the Scientific Research Nuclear University, Moscow Engineering Physics\\u000a Institute. Hardware structure and software features are described. The principles are given for forming sets of control commands\\u000a for scientific equipment (SE) devices, and statistics data are presented on the

A. S. Buslov; Yu. D. Kotov; V. N. Yurov; M. V. Bessonov; P. A. Kalmykov; E. M. Oreshnikov; A. M. Alimov; A. V. Tumanov; E. A. Zhuchkova

2011-01-01

158

Net-centric information and knowledge management and dissemination for data-to-decision C2 applications using intelligent agents and service-oriented architectures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tactical Information Technologies for Assured Network Operations (TITAN) Program aims to achieve net-centric information and knowledge management and dissemination integrated with data-to-decision C2 Applications. TITAN is a multi-year effort to develop, demonstrate and mature information and knowledge (I&K) management and dissemination (M&D) services spanning multiple echelons and provide support to the network-centric operations process with collaborative military planning and

I. Mayk; W. Regli; D. Nguyen; M. Mai; A. Chan; T. Urness; B. Goren; S. Kizenko; S. Randles; Z. Jastrebski; J. Ruschmeyer; Lex Lehman; M. McCurdy; D. Millar; I. Simmons; C. Cannon; J. Kopena; A. Patwardhan; G. Tassone; J. Lindquist; G. Jewell; R. Forkenbrock; M. Nicholson; F. Koss; R. Wray; J. Bradshaw; J. Lott

2011-01-01

159

NERC's Science Information Strategy - promoting information fusion across the Environmental Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC) in the UK is responsible for funding environmental research in universities and running a number of research centres; such as the British Geological Survey. Data and information created by this research, and deposited by third parties, is managed by a number of environmental data centres for the purpose of preserving research outputs and promoting their re-use, re-purposing and information fusion. These data centres are: British Atmospheric Data Centre (http://badc.nerc.ac.uk) British Oceanographic Data Centre (http://bodc.nerc.ac.uk) Environmental Information Data Centre (http://eidc.nerc.ac.uk) National Geoscience Data Centre (http://ngdc.nerc.ac.uk) NERC Earth Observation Data Centre (http://neodc.nec.ac.uk) Polar Data Centre (http://pdc.anerc.ac.uk) The NERC Science Information Strategy (SIS) has been created to provide the framework for NERC to work more closely and effectively with its scientific communities in delivering data and information management services to support its 5 year science strategy, the Next Generation Science for Planet Earth. The strategy focuses on the continuing development of NERC’s information management processes and sets the context under which all of its science data and information activities will be carried out in the future. The anticipated benefits of the science information strategy that promote information fusion include: (1) Easier discovery and access to the data that underpin the objective scientific evidence; (2) A clear understanding of stakeholders' needs and aspirations; (3) A common understanding of the data of high value to NERC's mission and clear processes to ensure such data is ingested, managed and disseminated to the environmental science community; (4) Greater commonality of approach, development and sharing of infrastructure; leading to simpler information fusion; (5) A clear understanding of the intellectual property rights; and (6) Compliance with legislation such as INSPIRE which designed to promote information fusion across Europe. The science information strategy has been designed to make information easy to discover, freely available and in formats that the community requires for ready re-use, re-purposing and information fusion.

Thorley, M.; Thomas, D.; Brown, M.; Giles, J. R.

2010-12-01

160

Dissemination of weather intelligence information and met sensor data acquisition using Jini\\/JavaSpaces technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digitization of the battlespace for current and future combat systems cannot be complete without effective weather intelligence products and decision aids. An important challenge facing current weather intelligence products involves the simultaneous collection and dissemination of the vast amounts of raw and processed meteorological data. Data can originate from various types of sensors, sources, and computing models. Also, data collections

Mario A. Torres; Edward Vidal Jr.

2003-01-01

161

Information Dissemination Project for the NHCoA Network: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the project was to disseminate a Training Manual produced as part of an Administration on Aging (AoA) funded project entitled 'A Community Based Intergenerational Approach to Improving the Well Being of Vulnerable Hispanic Elderly'. The Tra...

1994-01-01

162

A tool to disseminate the own information resources in a university digital library  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a recommender sys- tem for the dissemination of knowl- edge in a University Digital Li- brary (UDL). The system incorpo- rates a set of services that the dig- ital library ofiers to the members of its community for the dissemi- nation and recommendation of own indigenous knowledge generated by the university members. The system recommends both specialized and

C. Porcel

163

Utilizing Information for Developing Corporate Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We now enter the era that Japanese enterprises have to make own decision on what they should do next as action leaders, since the time was over that they proceeded with their R & D just by following and learning lessons of success and failure produced by U.S. industries. Under this era information has been carrying more weight on corporate strategy and it has become important issue to utilize information how efficiently and effectively as data for judging critical decision matters. Focusing on this issue the author proposes three measures, i.e. enforcement of information gathering capacity, gathering of farsighted information, information processing based on the experiences through studying abroad and practices, and indicates five ways of information utilization such as construction of information network and application of a company history.

Shiina, Takeshi

164

Using tactical intelligence to help inform strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to show how operationally specific, “down in the trenches” competitive intelligence can help inform and contribute to a much higher-level view of the competitive arena that can inform company strategy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The article presents a practical application based on various tactical intelligence methodologies, such as win\\/loss analysis, primary intelligence collection, etc.

Martha Culver

2006-01-01

165

United States Intelligence Community Information Sharing Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document lays out a strategy to establish this new culture and to share information better, both among those whose job it is to provide intelligence and with those who need intelligence to perform their missions i.e., policy makers, war fighters, def...

2008-01-01

166

Offshore information systems outsourcing: strategies and scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the findings of an ongoing research study into offshore information technology and systems outsourcing. Fieldwork was conducted in India and the United Kingdom to identify different strategies and scenarios. Based on the premise that offshore outsourcing poses greater risks than using suppliers from the home country, the research develops a risk assessment matrix comprising four scenarios: body

Naureen Khan; Wendy L. Currie; Vishanth Weerakkody

2003-01-01

167

A qualitative analysis of information dissemination through twitter in a digital library  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the use of Twitter in a digital library, the Internet Public Library (ipl2), to understand the content and dissemination patterns of Twitter messages posted by the ipl2. We conducted a content analysis on ipl2's messages on Twitter to develop a categorization of the type of tweets, and examined retweets and the active users who retweeted ipl2 tweets.

Hae Min Kim; Christopher C. Yang; Eileen G. Abels; Mi Zhang

2012-01-01

168

Study on Control Strategy of Management Information Cost  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the author researches the content, the connotation, the goals, the characteristics of control strategy of management information cost, and the relations between management information cost control and value creation. Pointed out especially that management information cost control strategy includes the strategic management information cost control and the strategy in process of management information cost control, and its

Fu Gang; Jia Xianwei

2010-01-01

169

Taliban Information Strategy: How Are the Taliban Directing Their Information Strategy Towards the Population of Afghanistan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this thesis is to understand the core components of the Afghan Taliban information strategy, which is their main effort in their struggle to regain power. The Taliban use cultural metaphors from multiple sources such as Islam, pushtunwali, ...

D. I. Schmeck

2009-01-01

170

Vermont Intensive Dissemination Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Vermont Intensive Dissemination Project grew out of the Department of Social and Rehabilitative Services' (SRS) need for more information about the youths they were serving and the programs that were serving them. The national evaluators of the Teachi...

J. R. Howard

1981-01-01

171

Disseminated sporotrichosis  

PubMed Central

Sporotrichosis is a subacute or chronic infection caused by Sporothrix schenckii. It is a primary cutaneous infection and it has different clinical forms: disseminated by lymphatic vessels (75%), localised cutaneous form (20%), disseminated cutaneous and extracuteus rarely. The systemic disseminated sporotrichosis is considered a severe opportunistic infection. The best diagnostic test is the culture. The authors report a case of a 36-year-old man, originally from Puebla, Mexico, with a diagnosis of disseminated sporotrichosis. Differential diagnosis with other pathologies includes leishmaniasis, chromoblastomycosis, tuberculosis verrucose and lymphangitis. The development of unusual presentations in immunocompromised patients has been reported.

Romero-Cabello, Raul; Bonifaz, Alexandro; Romero-Feregrino, Raul; Sanchez, Carlos Javier; Linares, Yancy; Zavala, Jorge Tay; Romero, Leticia Calderon; Romero-Feregrino, Rodrigo; Vega, Jose T Sanchez

2011-01-01

172

Security Strategy Analysis for Critical Information Infrastructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How do security departments relate to and manage information security controls in critical infrastructures (CI)? Our experience is that information security is usually seen as a technical problem with technical solutions. Researchers agree that there are more than just technical vulnerabilities. Vulnerabilities in processes and human fallibility creates a need for Formal and Informal controls in addition to Technical controls. These three controls are not independent, rather they are interdependent. They vary widely in implementation times and resource needs, making building security resources a challenging problem. We present a System Dynamics model which shows how security controls are interconnected and interdependent. The model is intended to aid security managers in CI to better understand information security management strategy, particularly the complexities involved in managing a socio-technical system where human, organisational and technical factors interact.

Torres, Jose Manuel; Sveen, Finn Olav; Sarriegi, Jose Maria

173

Media Choice in Environmental Information Dissemination for Solid Waste Management among Policy Formulators and Implementors: A Case Study of Oyo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental information has been described as central to the issues of solid waste management and disposal. This study investigated the availability and accessibility of environmental information to the solid waste policy formulators and implementors with regard to the media/channels used for disseminating environmental information to the…

Akintola, B. A.; Temowo, O. O.; Ajiboye, J. O.

2009-01-01

174

Media Choice in Environmental Information Dissemination for Solid Waste Management among Policy Formulators and Implementors: A Case Study of Oyo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Environmental information has been described as central to the issues of solid waste management and disposal. This study investigated the availability and accessibility of environmental information to the solid waste policy formulators and implementors with regard to the media/channels used for disseminating environmental information to the…

Akintola, B. A.; Temowo, O. O.; Ajiboye, J. O.

2009-01-01

175

Developing an information systems strategy for nursing.  

PubMed

With the rapidly changing health care environment and information technology advances, organizations need to engage in strategic, planned change in order to allocate limited resources, achieve the organization's goals, and fulfill its mission [1]. One of the most important aspects of the organization's planned strategies for change concerns the information systems. The involvement of the nursing department in this process is critical. This poster presentation will communicate how nurses can develop an information systems strategic plan that will enable them to play an active role as contributors and vital participants in the strategic and business planning processes for information systems. This information systems strategy for nursing will: a) provide direction and purpose, b) guide nursing in identifying the kinds of information technology needed, c) assist in timely implementation of a system that supports nursing, and d) identify desired outcomes and benefits of an information system. The nursing information systems plan must be built on, and support, the organization's mission and business plan and integrate into the over-all information systems plans [2]. Components of the nursing strategic plan include the nursing mission statement and vision, an assessment of the current environment to identify supporting technology needed to achieve the nursing vision, expectations/anticipated outcomes, environmental considerations, and special staffing/expertise considerations. The nursing vision and mission statement is an articulation of the overall direction and purpose of the nursing organization. An assessment of the nursing organization, problem areas, opportunities for growth, the physical environment, existing systems, communications requirements, and resources is carried out to help identify areas where new technologies and automated methods of managing information could be applied. Special staffing and expertise not currently available in the organization, but necessary to the successful implementation of the plan, should be identified, and plans for filling those needs should be included in the planning and prioritization process. Based on the mission and assessment findings, goals or anticipated outcomes are developed. These goals must be realistic, financially feasible, and logistically achievable; they should also provide direction for action and decision-making [3]. Measurable objectives and detailed action plans can then be developed from these goals when implementation of this aspect of the strategic plan is begun. It is especially important, even at a strategic planning level, to consider change management techniques, including specific steps to involve individuals who will be affected by the change and to ensure open communication throughout the process. Efforts to collaborate with all affected departments and to offer input and educational opportunities to the various members of the health care team should be included in the strategic plan. A business plan describing the mission, goals, and objectives for a specific system implementation is the final step in the strategic planning process. The business plan includes expected outcomes and cost justification and may be done in cooperation with other departments (in the organization) that will be involved with this system. The business plan is used to communicate the information system's needs to the administration and governing board of the organization. With a good information systems strategy, nursing will be prepared to make more timely and better informed decisions related to applying information technology within the nursing department. The end results of this planning should be evident in the improved utilization of information technology to support the nursing vision and mission. PMID:8591465

Callanan, K M; Hughes, S J

1995-01-01

176

Factors involved in the ineffective dissemination of sexuality information to individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing.  

PubMed

The last 40 years of literature pertaining to sexuality and deaf individuals are reviewed. Current research, which establishes that people who are deaf do not have adequate information on sexuality issues, is examined, as well as some of the factors that play a role in the ineffective dissemination of sexuality information to this population. Parents, education (both in a historical and a contemporary light), peers, and the very acquisition of language are examined with regard to their contextualized part in the process of knowledge sharing. Historical paradigms are placed within Griffiths's "mythconceptions" framework (as discussed in Watson, 2002) in an effort to determine possible causative factors relating to deaf people's insufficient knowledge regarding sexuality. PMID:15552337

Job, Jennifer

2004-01-01

177

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

178

Disseminated Cysticercosis  

PubMed Central

Disseminated cysticercosis is a rare form of cysticercosis in which the cysticerci spread out through the whole body. We report the first case of a 39-year-old Mongolian with disseminated cysticercosis. He visited our hospital with generalized tonic-clonic seizure. After extensive investigation from brain computed tomography (CT), spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), whole body MRI and pathologic biopsy, he was diagnosed as having cysticercosis involving the brain, subcutaneous tissue, and skeletal muscles through the whole body. We treated him with the albendazole in which case the followed MRI showed that numbers of cystic lesions were copiously decreased. We report an unsual case of disseminated cysticercosis treated with medical therapy.

Park, Soo Yong; Kim, Jung Hee; Song, Kwan Young

2011-01-01

179

Marketing: Exploring Applications for Educational Dissemination. Literature Synthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This synthesis of information about marketing and information dissemination of education-related products is divided into three parts: an overview of major writings, specific marketing strategies, and resources for further study. The first part opens with a definition of marketing as it relates to education. A review of the literature provides…

Reed, Linda

180

An eAgriculture-Based Decision Support Framework for Information Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability of farmers to acquire knowledge to make decisions is limited by the information quality and applicability. Inconsistencies information delivery and standards\\/or the integration o\\/information also limit decision making processes. This research uses a similar approach to the Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) methodology to develop an ICT based framework which can be used to facilitate the acquisition of

Leisa J. Armstrong; Dean Diepeveen; Khumphicha Tantisantisom

2010-01-01

181

37 CFR 11.59 - Dissemination of disciplinary and other information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...disciplinary and other information. (a) The OED Director shall inform the public of...otherwise ordered by the USPTO Director, the OED Director shall give notice of public...If public discipline is imposed, the OED Director shall cause a final decision...

2013-07-01

182

How Much to Tell? Disseminating Affective Information across a Social Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are developing a computer system which provides information about babies in neonatal intensive care to family m embers and friends. A key question is how to personalize the content and comp lexity of this sensitive affective information appropriately for varied reci pients. A novel approach to modeling user requirements for this personalization is described, that employs a simplified social

Wendy Moncur; Ehud Reiter

183

47 CFR 64.1509 - Disclosure and dissemination of pay-per-call information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...billing and collection services to such provider shall: (1) Establish a local or toll-free telephone number to answer questions and provide information on subscribers' rights and obligations with regard to their use of pay-per-call...

2011-10-01

184

47 CFR 64.1509 - Disclosure and dissemination of pay-per-call information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...billing and collection services to such provider shall: (1) Establish a local or toll-free telephone number to answer questions and provide information on subscribers' rights and obligations with regard to their use of pay-per-call...

2012-10-01

185

48 CFR 14.203-2 - Dissemination of information concerning invitations for bids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Procedures concerning display of invitations for bids in a public place, information releases to newspapers and trade journals, paid advertisements, and synopsizing through the Governmentwide point of entry (GPE) are set forth in 5.101 and...

2012-10-01

186

48 CFR 14.203-2 - Dissemination of information concerning invitations for bids.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Procedures concerning display of invitations for bids in a public place, information releases to newspapers and trade journals, paid advertisements, and synopsizing through the Governmentwide point of entry (GPE) are set forth in 5.101 and...

2011-10-01

187

The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS): Development, Design, and Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about access, sources, and trust of cancer-related information, or factors that facilitate or hinder communication on a populationwide basis. Through a careful developmental process involving extensive input from many individuals and organizations, the National Cancer Institute(NCI)developed the Health Information National Trends Survey(HINTS)to help fill this gap. This nationally representative telephone survey of 6,369 persons aged???18 years among

David E. Nelson; Gary L. Kreps; Bradford W. Hesse; ROBERT T. CROYLE; Gordon Willis; Neeraj K. Arora; Barbara K. Rimer; K. Vish Viswanath; Neil Weinstein; Sara Alden

2004-01-01

188

Present conditions on the dissemination of Japanese scientific and technical information to the U.S.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Present conditions concerning distribution of Japanese scientific and technical information to the U.S. are surveyed for promoting international distribution of it. The investigation, focusing on Japanese gray literature, is carried out into distribution to foreign countries, utilization/demand/difficulty to obtain in the U.S., and etc., through interviews and questionnaire surveys to researchers and librarians in Japan and the U.S. It is pointed out the needs to improve accessibility for Japanese technical reports, doctral dissertations, and technical bulletins/newsletters, and necessity to arrange conditions of distribution to the U.S. by increasing directory information and reducing language barrier between both countries.

Kimura, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Tomohiko

189

Partnership Between CAB International and China in Information Access, Management and Dissemination: Past, Present and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The partnership between CAB International (CABI) and China which began in 1980 reached a major milestone in 1992 with agreement to collaborate on a national information project financed by a grant from the Asian Development Bank. China became a Member Country of CABI in 1995. This opened the way to further partnership between CABI and China in working toward capacity

Qiaoqiao Zhang

2003-01-01

190

The Dissemination of Information by Local Authorities on the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of a survey of 161 local authorities (i.e., agencies responsible for providing services to citizens in their areas) in the United Kingdom that have Web sites. Discusses methods of communicating with the public, reasons for using the Web, Web-page design, types of users, type of information available, benefits, problems, and…

Gill, Harjinder S.; Yates-Mercer, Penelope

1998-01-01

191

Evaluation of television as a method of disseminating solar energy information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project included three separate studies undertaken to determine the effectiveness of television instruction as a method of effectively delivering information about solar energy systems to present and future workers in related industries, and as a method of delivery for adult continuing education instruction. All three studies used a series of five half-hour videotapes. A survey of the general public

Edington

1980-01-01

192

A Context-Aware Paradigm for Information Discovery and Dissemination in Mobile Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing power and ubiquity of mobile wireless devices is enabling real-time information delivery for many diverse applications. A crucial question is how to allocate finite network resources efficiently and fairly despite the uncertainty common in highly dynamic mobile ad hoc networks. We propose a set of routing protocols, Self-Balancing…

Lundquist, Doug

2011-01-01

193

A Context-Aware Paradigm for Information Discovery and Dissemination in Mobile Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The increasing power and ubiquity of mobile wireless devices is enabling real-time information delivery for many diverse applications. A crucial question is how to allocate finite network resources efficiently and fairly despite the uncertainty common in highly dynamic mobile ad hoc networks. We propose a set of routing protocols, Self-Balancing…

Lundquist, Doug

2011-01-01

194

From the wall to the web: The use of bulletin boards and a web site to disseminate information about sex, gender and women's health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategically placed bulletin boards were used to disseminate information about sex and gender biology and women's health competencies to medical students and faculty. This has proved to be an effective tool to rapidly introduce material when the curriculum cannot accommodate this new material. With the popularity of the internet, these bulletin boards were transferred to our website and became accessible

Sandra P. Levison; Lucia Beck Weiss

2002-01-01

195

The Alaska Volcano Observatory Website a Tool for Information Management and Dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Alaska Volcano Observatory's (AVO's) website served as a primary information management tool during the 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano. The AVO website is dynamically generated from a database back- end. This system enabled AVO to quickly and easily update the website, and provide content based on user- queries to the database. During the Augustine eruption, the new AVO website was heavily used by members of the public (up to 19 million hits per day), and this was largely because the AVO public pages were an excellent source of up-to-date information. There are two different, yet fully integrated parts of the website. An external, public site (www.avo.alaska.edu) allows the general public to track eruptive activity by viewing the latest photographs, webcam images, webicorder graphs, and official information releases about activity at the volcano, as well as maps, previous eruption information, bibliographies, and rich information about other Alaska volcanoes. The internal half of the website hosts diverse geophysical and geological data (as browse images) in a format equally accessible by AVO staff in different locations. In addition, an observation log allows users to enter information about anything from satellite passes to seismic activity to ash fall reports into a searchable database. The individual(s) on duty at the watch office use forms on the internal website to post a summary of the latest activity directly to the public website, ensuring that the public website is always up to date. The internal website also serves as a starting point for monitoring Alaska's volcanoes. AVO's extensive image database allows AVO personnel to upload many photos, diagrams, and videos which are then available to be browsed by anyone in the AVO community. Selected images are viewable from the public page. The primary webserver is housed at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and holds a MySQL database with over 200 tables and several thousand lines of php code gluing the database and website together. The database currently holds 95 GB of data. Webcam images and webicorder graphs are pulled from servers in Anchorage every few minutes. Other servers in Fairbanks generate earthquake location plots and spectrograms.

Snedigar, S. F.; Cameron, C. E.; Nye, C. J.

2006-12-01

196

Development of an integrated application portal for environmental spatial information dissemination in the Nestos river basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water resources management is a comprehensive planning process dimensioning all water related components. With this in mind, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires reliable and continuous water monitoring and collection of qualitative information in order to support decision making concerning water pollution events, focusing primarily on civil protection. The present research study initiates the coupling of water quality - quantity monitoring techniques and telemetric systems with geographic information system (GIS) based map server technologies for the near real time warning about potential water pollution events. The study is being implemented in the Greek part of the transboundary Nestos river basin and forms part of the Bulgarian and Greek European Territorial Cooperation Programme 2007-2013. The aim of this partnership is to develop an operational supportive mechanism for the Competent Authorities of water management in both countries in order to facilitate the planning and implementation of sustainable water management along with civil protection.

Zalidis, George; Karapetsas, Nikolaos; Skoulikaris, Charalampos; Misopolinos, Lazaros; Manesis, Charalampos

2013-08-01

197

The electronic dissemination of policy information; experiences from the livestock-environment toolbox  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the many implications for development of the global revolution in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is the possibility of using ICTs to assist policy makers. This paper reflects on the author's experience drafting the policy modules of the 'Livestock-Environment Toolbox.' Using an electronic web-based format for the Toolbox allowed it to be highly compact and non-linear, while remaining accessible

John Morton

2001-01-01

198

Barriers to the dissemination of four harm reduction strategies: a survey of addiction treatment providers in Ontario  

PubMed Central

A sample of service providers at addictions agencies' in Ontario were interviewed by telephone to assess attitudes toward, anticipated internal and external barriers to implementing, and expected benefits of four harm reduction strategies: needle exchange, moderate drinking goals, methadone treatment, and provision of free condoms to clients. Respondents were also asked to define harm reduction, list its most important elements, and describe what they find most troubling and most appealing about harm reduction. Attitudes toward harm reduction in general and the services provided at each agency were also assessed. Results indicated that the service providers surveyed had positive attitudes toward each of the four harm reduction strategies and harm reduction in general, and the majority of respondents were aware of the benefits associated with each strategy. Almost all of the agencies surveyed allowed for moderate drinking outcomes in the treatment of alcohol problems, and most agencies provided free condoms to clients. In terms of barriers, anticipated negative community reaction to needle exchange, methadone treatment, and free condoms was a major concern for the majority of respondents. Lack of staff, of funding, or anticipated staff resistance were also cited as potential barriers to introducing these strategies. In the case of methadone maintenance, the unavailability of a qualified physician was listed as the primary constraint. Implications for future efforts directed at encouraging the adoption of these strategies and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Hobden, Karen L; Cunningham, John A

2006-01-01

199

Disseminating Service Registry Records  

Microsoft Academic Search

The JISC Information Environment Service Registry (IESR) contains descriptions of collections of resources available to researchers, learners and teachers in the UK, along with technical service access details. This paper describes the data model and metadata description schema of IESR, and the services IESR provides to disseminate its records. There is a particular focus on the Open Archives Initiative Protocol

Ann Apps

2006-01-01

200

Realized Information Systems Strategy: A Multiple-Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the multiple-case study of seven enterprises, this paper identifies the dimensional construct of information systems (IS) strategy of Chinese enterprises. The study shows: the four-dimensional construct of IS strategy proposed by Chan, Huff and Copeland is partly applicable to the enterprises in China. In fact, the IS strategy of our country encompasses three dimensions: business action support dimension, business

Baoliang Hu; Jie Xiong

2010-01-01

201

Dealing with incomplete information in a fuzzy linguistic recommender system to disseminate information in university digital libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

As in the Web, the growing of information is the main problem of the academic digital libraries. Thus, similar tools could be applied in university digital libraries to facilitate the information access by the stu- dents and teachers. In (46) we presented a fuzzy linguistic recommender system to advice research resources in university digital libraries. The problem of this system

Carlos Porcel; Enrique Herrera-viedma

2010-01-01

202

From Information Dissemination to Information Gathering Using virtual exhibits and content databases in e-learning centers1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concurrently, large multimedia databases, termed content databases, are being created to store and manage digital representations of a museum's physical collections, such as scanned images, text documents and videos. These databases can also provide valuable information and data for use in the development of e-learning centersi for tasks ranging from presentation of information about the museum's educational resources to providing

J. C. Nordbotten

2005-01-01

203

Efficient attack strategy to communication networks with partial degree information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the tolerance of complex networks to attacks. Due to the large network scale, it is almost impossible for an attacker to have the complete topology information about the whole network. Thus, an efficient attack strategy based on partial degree information is proposed. Using the generating function method we give the exact solution for the attack strategy. A theoretical

Yongxiang Xia; Jin Fan

2011-01-01

204

University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

205

Patterns between Interactive Intentions and Information-Seeking Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses information retrieval system design that supports various information-seeking strategies. Describes a study that investigated the relationship between users' information-seeking goals and their information-seeking behavior to specify hierarchical levels of user goals, and discusses results that focus on patterns of interactive intentions…

Xie, Hong (Iris)

2002-01-01

206

Regional Investment Strategies: Information and Analytical Tools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to determine what data and economic tools would assist the Seattle Regional Office (SRO) in developing a regional investment strategy (RS) for the eight States in the Western Region (Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho...

1982-01-01

207

Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

208

On the use of Web-based-GIS for managing and disseminating hazard and risk spatial information in volcanic areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In volcanic areas exposed to multiple geological hazards, the efficient interpretation of the increasing amount of geographical data is a challenging issue. Within the European MIAVITA project, we investigated to which extent WebGIS can facilitate this interpretation through the visualization of such complex hazard and risk database. This analysis was structured around (1) the development of a Web-based Geographical Information System (WebGIS) and of an application for managing the geographical database, and (2) interactions with a group of hazard and risk analysts and managers, civil security officers, GIS analysts and system developers. We tested the system in the Mount Cameroon volcano, taking advantage of a complex hazard and risk geographical database collected previously. Key requirements here related to the need for a structured and flexible GIS-database and to manage user's privileges differently according to their profile and the status of the volcano. In addition, this study showed that it is important for such systems to manage different status for data, from data than can only be interpreted by experts (e.g. some complex remote sensing products) to data that can be disseminated to any potential user (e.g. a regulatory hazard map). While the developed tool is able to provide users with enough flexibility to respond to the users' requirements, it is still necessary to own expertise in WebGIS to manage such tools in the long term in local volcano observatory. Nevertheless, this study shows that WebGIS-based systems can relatively easily integrate some most important working procedures of hazard and risk management in volcanic areas.

Le Cozannet, G.; Bagni, M.; Thierry, P.; Aragno, C.; Kouokam, E.

2013-10-01

209

A dynamic and fast event matching algorithm for a content-based publish\\/subscribe information dissemination system in Sensor-Grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we discuss one of the most important issues in Sensor-Grid, i.e., to develop a fast and flexible content-based\\u000a publish\\/subscribe information dissemination (CBPSID) system for automatic fusion, interpretation, sharing and delivery of\\u000a huge sensor data to consumers as the entire Sensor-Grid environment is very dynamic. Existing works to develop the CBPSID\\u000a system in Sensor-Grid mostly focus on reducing

Mohammad Mehedi Hassan; Biao Song; Eui-nam Huh

2010-01-01

210

Direct application of west coast geothermal resources in a wet corn milling plant supplementary analyses and information dissemination. Final report, addendum  

SciTech Connect

In an extension to the scope of the previous studies, supplementary analyses were to be performed for both plants which would assess the economics of geothermal energy if coal had been the primary fuel rather than oil and gas. The studies include: supplementary analysis for a coal fired wet corn milling plant, supplementary analysis for an East Coast frozen food plant with coal fired boilers, and information dissemination activities.

Not Available

1982-03-19

211

Information Technology-Based Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greater learning can be promoted by delivering information through a variety of media and through the use of interactive applications. In this paper, the effect of information technology on learning is seen as a function of how well interactive technologies support a specific model of learning and how appropriate that model is to the learning…

Passerini, Katia; Granger, Mary J.

212

Information Systems Enrollments: Challenges and Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the late 1990s, enrollments in Information Technology and Information Systems-related academic programs have declined sharply. This paper addresses possible causes of the enrollment decline, and some of the "myths" regarding careers in IT/IS are dispelled. A number of efforts underway at various universities and professional organizations…

Granger, Mary J.; Dick, Geoffrey; Jacobson, Carolyn McKinnell; Van Slyke, Craig

2007-01-01

213

Information Systems Enrollments: Challenges and Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the late 1990s, enrollments in Information Technology and Information Systems-related academic programs have declined sharply. This paper addresses possible causes of the enrollment decline, and some of the "myths" regarding careers in IT/IS are dispelled. A number of efforts underway at various universities and professional organizations in…

Granger, Mary J.; Dick, Geoffrey; Jacobson, Carolyn McKinnell; Van Slyke, Craig

2007-01-01

214

Localized prostate cancer treatment decision-making information online: improving its effectiveness and dissemination for nonprofit and government-supported organizations.  

PubMed

The current study reports findings from evaluation research conducted to identify how online prostate cancer treatment decision-making information can be both improved and more effectively disseminated to those who need it most. A multi-method, multi-target approach was used and guided by McGuire's Communication Matrix Model. Focus groups (n?=?31) with prostate cancer patients and their family members, and in-depth interviews with physicians (n?=?8), helped inform a web survey (n?=?89). Results indicated that physicians remain a key information source for medical advice and the Internet is a primary channel used to help make informed prostate cancer treatment decisions. Participants reported a need for more accessible information related to treatment options and treatment side effects. Additionally, physicians indicated that the best way for agencies to reach them with new information to deliver to patients is by contacting them directly and meeting with them one-on-one. Advice for organizations to improve their current prostate cancer web offerings and further ways to improve information dissemination are discussed. PMID:23907786

Silk, Kami J; Perrault, Evan K; Nazione, Samantha; Pace, Kristin; Hager, Polly; Springer, Steven

2013-12-01

215

Integrating logistics and information technology strategies for sustainable competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To investigate the integration process of retailer's information technology strategy within logistics strategy and to find out those aspects of the retailer's distribution and operational performance that are mostly influenced via that integration. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A qualitative case study methodology is used where the managers of the major domestic and multinational firms operating in the Greek food multiple

Michael Bourlakis; Constantine Bourlakis

2006-01-01

216

Teachers' Perceived Usefulness of Strategy Microanalytic Assessment Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined special education teachers' ratings of the usefulness of strategy microanalytic assessment (SMA) (i.e., self-regulation, strategy use) and standardized norm-referenced assessment information (SNRA) (i.e., cognitive and academic skills). Ninety-six participants separately rated the frequency with which SMA and SNRA are…

Cleary, Timothy J.; Zimmerman, Barry J.

2006-01-01

217

Leader-Follower and Nash Strategies with State Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis deals with Leader-Follower and Nash differential games with state information. The main topics considered are the following: conditions for existence of closed-loop Nash strategies in linear quadratic differential games; necessary conditions f...

G. P. Papavassilopoulos

1979-01-01

218

Media analysis of early dissemination of Canadian child maltreatment surveillance data.  

PubMed

A media strategy was developed to disseminate Canadian child maltreatment surveillance data. Print media were systematically searched and 29 articles reporting on the data were retrieved. Using content analysis, the articles were analyzed to assess informational accuracy and to understand how the media framed the issue of maltreatment. This analysis permits the authors to share "lessons learned," which will be helpful for researchers disseminating child maltreatment data through the media. PMID:20565014

Tonmyr, Lil; Jack, Susan

2010-01-01

219

Informing Institutional Design: Strategies for Comparative Cumulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Institutional features that vary across countries affect the operation of policy instruments. Researchers often leave these features unstated. The absence of a clear description of relevant institutional features not only interferes with effective borrowing of (first-order) policy instruments across national contexts, but also hinders the cumulation of research that could inform institutional design (second-order policy instruments). The authors propose a

Aidan R. Vining; David L. Weimer

1998-01-01

220

[Disseminated cutaneous granulomatosis].  

PubMed

The disseminated cutaneous granulomatosis (DCG) are heterogeneous cutaneous diseases histologically characterized by a granulomatous infiltrate. The most frequent cutaneous granulomatosis is sarcoidosis, but many other causes can be found, because DCG are probably a skin granulomatous reaction to different stimuli: infectious, inflammatory, neoplastic, metabolic or chemical. The histopathological examination is useful for the diagnosis of DCG, but gives rarely an etiological diagnosis. In this article, we will propose a strategy for the etiological diagnosis of DCG, and propose therapeutic recommendations based on recent data from the literature. PMID:19438091

Lapointe, Anne-Karine; Laffitte, Emmanuel

2009-04-22

221

Strategy and the new economics of information.  

PubMed

We are in the midst of a fundamental shift in the economics of information--a shift that will precipitate changes in the structure of entire industries and in the ways companies compete. This shift is made possible by the widespread adoption of Internet technologies, but it is less about technology than about the fact that a new behavior is reaching critical mass. Millions of people are communicating at home and at work in an explosion of connectivity that threatens to undermine the established value chains for businesses in many sectors of the economy. What will happen, for instance, to dominant retailers such as Toys "R" Us and Home Depot when a search through the Internet gives consumers more choice than any store? What will be the point of cultivating a long-standing supplier relationship with General Electric when it posts its purchasing requirements on an Internet bulletin board and entertains bids from anybody inclined to respond? The authors present a conceptual framework for approaching such questions--for understanding the relationship of information to the physical components of the value chain and how the Internet's ability to separate the two will lead to the reconfiguration of the value proposition in many industries. In any business where the physical value chain has been compromised for the sake of delivering information, there will be an opportunity to create a separate information business and a need to streamline the physical one. Executives must mentally deconstruct their businesses to see the real value of what they have. If they don't, the authors warn, someone else will. PMID:10170332

Evans, P B; Wurster, T S

222

Vertical Integration: Corporate Strategy in the Information Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Profiles the corporate strategies of three sectors of the information industry and the trend toward consolidation in electronic publishing. Three companies' acquisitions are examined in detail using qualitative data from information industry columns and interpreting it on the basis of game theory. (EM)|

Davenport, Lizzie; Cronin, Blaise

1986-01-01

223

Health information exchange: persistent challenges and new strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent federal policies and actions support the adoption of health information exchange (HIE) in order to improve healthcare by addressing fragmented personal health information. However, concerted efforts at facilitating HIE have existed for over two decades in this country. The lessons of these experiences include a recurrence of barriers and challenges beyond those associated with technology. Without new strategies, the

Joshua R. Vest; Larry D. Gamm

2010-01-01

224

Information Technology and Corporate Strategy: A Research Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information technology (IT) as a competitive weapon has become a popular cliché; but there is still a marked lack of understanding of the issues that determine the influence of information technology on a particular organization and the processes that will allow a smooth coordination of technology and corporate strategy. This article surveys the major efforts to arrive

J. Yannis Bakos; Michael E. Treacy

1986-01-01

225

Instructional strategies for a graduate level information security management course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents instructional strategies used in a graduate level information security management course to provide value-added learning to students. New technologies are making it possible to add interactivity to course materials. A graduate level course relies primarily on discussions and case study evaluations of security related topics. Using a theoretical framework of information security, development of instructional activities in

Sunil Hazari

2004-01-01

226

Information Strategy Planning in Construction: Framework and Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intended objective of ISP is to develop a comprehensive plan for integrated systems development. Thus, Information Strategy Planning (ISP) is the first step in order for general contractors in the construction industry to introduce Information technology (IT) to their business and project management. Due to a lack of understanding of the role of ISP in systems development, it has

Boong Yeol Ryoo; Soo Yong Kim; Young Dai Lee

227

Online Information Search Strategies: A Focus On Flights and Accommodations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of the research was to understand information search strategies that individuals utilized in online travel product purchases. Two products, flights and accommodations, were selected to examine each product's explanatory variables in online purchase behaviors. The results indicate online flight purchasers utilize direct information sources and focus on transactional attributes. Online accommodation purchasers utilize various types of sources; and

Soo Hyun Jun; Christine A. Vogt; Kelly J. MacKay

2010-01-01

228

Information Strategy of Nuclear Training Center Ljubljana in the Area of Radioactive Waste Management  

SciTech Connect

Slovenia has plans to build a repository for low- and medium-radioactive waste by 2013, the location in the very neighborhood of nuclear power plant is almost chosen, but the final approval hasn't been granted yet. The main obstacle is public opinion. Public information activities are therefore vitally important. One of the most important players in this area in Slovenia is Nuclear Training Center in Ljubljana. Though its main task is training of nuclear professionals, it has a significant role in dissemination of knowledge about radioactivity and nuclear technology also among general public. Public information is focused on youngsters. Almost one half of every generation of schoolchildren in Slovenia visits the Information center yearly and in May 2007, we have celebrated the 100,000. visitor since its opening. Live lectures, exhibition, publications and laboratory demonstrations are offered. To measure the opinion of youngsters about nuclear power and get a feed-back for our activities about 1000 youngsters are polled every year since 1993 using the same basic set of questions. The paper describes the information strategy, types of lectures and information materials, permanent exhibition with the most important exhibits. Furthermore, the results of yearly polls of our visitors and comparison with relevant Euro-barometer polls are presented. (authors)

Jeneie, I. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Nuclear Training Center, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2008-07-01

229

Intraperitoneal administration of paclitaxel with non-animal stabilized hyaluronic acid as a vehicle – A new strategy against peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and aim: Intra-peritoneal administration (i.p.) of Taxanes has recently been reported to be effective for the treatment of peritoneal dissemination, presumably because extremely high concentration of the drug is achievable onto the disseminated nodules as compared to intra-venous administration. Here, we aimed to investigate the ability of non-animal stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) to retain the anti-cancer drugs in the

Jun Yamada; Joji Kitayama; Nelson H. Tsuno; Hiroharu Yamashita; Hideyo Miyato; Daisuke Soma; Kensuke Otani; Takao Kamei; Hironori Ishigami; Akio Hidemura; Shoichi Kaisaki; Koki Takahashi; Hirokazu Nagawa

2008-01-01

230

CREW: A Gossip-based Flash-Dissemination System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we explore a new form of dissemination that arises in distributed, mission-critical applications called Flash Dissemination. This involves the rapid dissemination of rich information to a large number of recipients in a very short period of time. A key characteristic of Flash Dissemination is its unpredictability (e.g., natural hazards), but when invoked it must harness all possible

Mayur Deshpande; Bo Xing; Iosif Lazaridis; Bijit Hore; Nalini Venkatasubramanian; Sharad Mehrotra

2006-01-01

231

The Strategic Potential of Information Imperfections: An Information Strategy Framework for Seeking InfoRent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information imperfections, and asymmetrical information in particular, have primarily been regarded as impediments to the economic efficiency of markets; they have seldom been explored as opportunities to earn economic rents. This article builds an information strategy framework by elaborating on the strategic opportunities that exist for firms in markets that fail to satisfy the perfect information condition of neoclassical economic

Onno Truijens; Ard Huizing

2005-01-01

232

Designing a Public Web-Based Information System to Illustrate and Disseminate the Development and Results of the DESIRE Project to Combat Desertification.  

PubMed

Until around 1995 it was challenging to make the scientific results of research projects publicly available except through presentations at meetings or conferences, or as papers in academic journals. Then it began to be clear that the Internet could become the main medium to publish and share new information with a much wider audience. The DESIRE Project (desertification mitigation and remediation of land-a global approach for local solutions) has built on expertise gained in previous projects to develop an innovative online 'Harmonized Information System' (HIS). This documents the context, delivery and evaluation of all tasks in the DESIRE Project using non-scientific terminology, with much of it also available in the local languages of the study sites. The DESIRE-HIS makes use of new possibilities for communication, including video clips, interactive tools, and links to social media networks such as Twitter. Dissemination of research results using this approach has required careful planning and design. This paper sets out the steps that have culminated in a complete online Information System about local solutions to global land management problems in desertification-affected areas, including many practical guidelines for responsible land management. As many of those who are affected by desertification do not have Internet access, printable dissemination materials are also available on the DESIRE-HIS. PMID:23708265

Geeson, Nichola; Brandt, Jane; Quaranta, Giovanni; Salvia, Rosanna

2013-05-25

233

Disseminated pheohyphomycosis.  

PubMed

A 40-year-old male agricultural laborer presented to our clinic with asymptomatic swellings on his left hand and left leg of 2 years' duration. A pea-sized swelling was first noticed on the back of the left hand, which was gradual in onset and slowly progressed to its present size. The patient later noticed multiple swellings over his left leg and thigh, with a similar progression. There was no history suggestive of inflammatory changes or discharge from the lesions. There was no previous history of trauma. The patient was an asthmatic and was on long-term oral steroid therapy (10-20 mg/day prednisolone). None of his family members had similar complaints. On physical examination, the patient was febrile. Cutaneous examination showed multiple, circumscribed, lobulated, non-tender, mobile, cystic swellings of various sizes, ranging from less than 2 cm over the left shin to more than 8 cm over the dorsum of the left hand and ankle (Fig. 1a,b). The surface over these swellings was shiny, smooth, and intact. The skin over the swellings was pliable and normal in color. There was no regional lymphadenopathy. The rest of the clinical examination was normal, except for decreased breath sounds over the left mid and lower pulmonary lobes. Routine laboratory tests, including complete blood count and liver and renal function tests, were within normal limits. Random blood glucose was greater than 400 mg%. Histopathologic examination of one of the cysts (from the hand) showed pheohyphomycotic cysts lined by dense fibrous tissue with chronic inflammatory infiltrate admixed with scattered giant cells in the dermis (Fig. 2). No fungal elements were visualized in the hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections. The fungal elements were found within the cystic cavity on special staining with Gomori's methenamine silver (GMS) and Masson-Fontana stains. The hyphae had irregularly placed branches and showed constrictions around their septae, thus resembling pseudohyphae and yeast forms (Fig. 3). Fine needle aspiration cytology from one of the swellings showed the presence of filamentous fungi on KOH examination and brown-pigmented distorted filaments and yeast-like cells on Masson-Fontana staining (Fig. 4a,b). The positive Masson-Fontana stain was indicative of the presence of melanin in the fungal hyphae, even when the fungal hyphae were not pigmented in the hematoxylin and eosin-stained section. Periodic acid-Schiff reagent also stained the fungal elements, thus confirming our diagnosis of pheohyphomycosis and ruling out the possibility of hyalohyphomycosis. The culture for fungus from the swelling aspirate grew contaminants. The chest X-ray showed dense nodular shadows in the left lower and mid pulmonary lobes. Sputum for acid-fast bacilli and Mantoux test were negative. During the hospital stay, the patient developed high fever and showed altered behavior, for which a computed tomography scan of the brain was performed; this showed evidence of multiple ring enhancing lesions in both frontal lobes. Ultrasound of the abdomen was normal. On the basis of the above findings, a diagnosis of disseminated subcutaneous pheohyphomycosis was made. The patient was given itraconazole, 100 mg twice daily, and his diabetes was managed with insulin. The fever stopped within a week and the altered behavior also started to show an improvement. There was obvious improvement in neurologic signs and symptoms. His skin lesions, however, responded slowly to the treatment. The patient did not report for further follow-up after 1 month. PMID:17343584

Shivaswamy, Kanakapura N; Pradhan, Prashanth; Laxmisha, Chandrashekar; Thappa, Devinder M; Jayanthi, Soundararaghavan

2007-03-01

234

The effectiveness of combining information retrieval strategies for European languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building an effective Information Retrieval system requires various design choices, ranging from the weighting scheme of the type of morphological normalization. The combination of runs has become a standard technique to reap the benefits of different run types. Until now, systematic studies of the effectiveness of combination strategies have only been carried out for English. This paper provides an exploratory

Jaap Kamps; Maarten de Rijke

2004-01-01

235

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

236

35 Strategies for Guiding Readers through Informational Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This practical guide presents inspiring, research-based activities for teaching students in grades K-12 how to read and think critically about informational texts. With five essential types of strategies, seasoned and preservice teachers learn ways to help students select engaging, challenging reading materials; develop their knowledge of…

Moss, Barbara; Loh, Virginia S.

2010-01-01

237

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

238

Student information consumption strategies: implications of the Google effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research in the area of distributed cognition within the educational process has revealed several new and emerging phenomena regarding student behavior. Students appear to be strategically discriminating in their learning strategies, taking the opportunity to offload learning when information is easily accessible and retrievable. This paper reviews several current research findings, and offers societal implications.

Michael Yacci; Evelyn P. Rozanski

2012-01-01

239

What information strategy responding to social needs should be?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the contemporary social phenomena that people think much of diversity of value, they are concerned with differentiation from others. Consumers' tendency to seek unique goods is common to all, giving impetus to makers' attitude that they try to produce varieties of goods but small amount for each. Consequently, life cycle of goods has become smaller than ever, and rapid and creative information gathering and utilization have become essential when makers produce goods responding to consumers' need. The author discusses how information strategy should be worked in the comprehensive business activities, and how information should be located as the powerful management resource.

Fujii, Kunihiko

240

Dissemination Strategies to Improve Implementation of the PHS Smoking Cessation Guideline in MCH Public Health Clinics: Experimental Evaluation Results and Contextual Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report results from an experimental study that tested the effectiveness of dissemination interventions to improve implementation of smoking cessation guidelines in maternal and child public health clinics. We additionally examine individual clinic results for contextual explanations not apparent from the experimental findings alone. Twelve…

Manfredi, Clara; Cho, Young Ik; Warnecke, Richard; Saunders, Stephen; Sullivan, Myrtis

2011-01-01

241

New ways of the German Patent and Trade Mark Office (GPTO) for the dissemination of IP information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new GPTO information policy is described. Its objective is to provide inexpensive information as a public information infrastructure for the promotion of economic development. The office’s intention to fulfil its information tasks in an up-to-date form, taking into account the interests of the commercial information suppliers, is explained. Specific aspects described include: raw data provision for downloading at marginal

Hubert Rothe; Heiko Sabien

2003-01-01

242

Media Analysis of Early Dissemination of Canadian Child Maltreatment Surveillance Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A media strategy was developed to disseminate Canadian child maltreatment surveillance data. Print media were systematically searched and 29 articles reporting on the data were retrieved. Using content analysis, the articles were analyzed to assess informational accuracy and to understand how the media framed the issue of maltreatment. This…

Tonmyr, Lil; Jack, Susan

2010-01-01

243

The Safe Start Initiative: Building and Disseminating Knowledge to Support Children Exposed to Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Safe Start Initiative promotes community investment in evidence-based strategies for preventing and reducing children's exposure to violence in the home and the community. This article describes the implementation of practice innovation in 26 communities across the United States and provides information on the national research, evaluation, training, and technical assistance, resource development, and broad dissemination components of the initiative.

Kristen Kracke; Elena P. Cohen

2008-01-01

244

Educational Search Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The activities and research directions of the Educational Search Strategies project are outlined in this progress report. A pilot project was undertaken to study the development of problems into research projects. The research was to be divided into three areas: problem perception and problem definition, information search and dissemination, and…

Bjerstedt, Ake; And Others

245

Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Information by Federal Agencies. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (April 29, June 26, October 18, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides a complete record of testimony presented at a series of hearings before the U.S. Congress on the electronic collection and dissemination of information by federal agencies. In looking at the effect of new computer and communications technology on government information activities and practices, the hearings considered such…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

246

A Developmental Proposal to Try Out a Limited System of Manpower Information Dissemination to Provide Better Linkages Between Some Neighborhood Agencies and a Range of Available Manpower Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some neighborhood based manpower agencies in the impacted areas do not possess the inhouse capability of informing their constituents of available manpower programs. The Manpower Administration funded a project to gather and disseminate manpower training information to some 60-70 neighborhood based agencies on standardized forms. Checks would be…

DeWees, Daniel

247

Cluster randomized trial of an active, multifaceted information dissemination intervention based on The WHO Reproductive health library to change obstetric practices: methods and design issues [ISRCTN14055385  

PubMed Central

Background Effective strategies for implementing best practices in low and middle income countries are needed. RHL is an annually updated electronic publication containing Cochrane systematic reviews, commentaries and practical recommendations on how to implement evidence-based practices. We are conducting a trial to evaluate the improvement in obstetric practices using an active dissemination strategy to promote uptake of recommendations in The WHO Reproductive Health Library (RHL). Methods A cluster randomized trial to improve obstetric practices in 40 hospitals in Mexico and Thailand is conducted. The trial uses a stratified random allocation based on country, size and type of hospitals. The core intervention consists of three interactive workshops delivered over a period of six months. The main outcome measures are changes in clinical practices that are recommended in RHL measured approximately a year after the first workshop. Results The design and implementation of a complex intervention using a cluster randomized trial design are presented. Conclusion Designing the intervention, choosing outcome variables and implementing the protocol in two diverse settings has been a time-consuming and challenging process. We hope that sharing this experience will help others planning similar projects and improve our ability to implement change.

Gulmezoglu, A Metin; Villar, Jose; Grimshaw, Jeremy; Piaggio, Gilda; Lumbiganon, Pisake; Langer, Ana

2004-01-01

248

Disclosure-Limited Data Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical agencies use a variety of disclosure control policies with ad hoc justification in disseminating data. The issues involved are clarified here by showing that several of these policies are special cases of a general disclosure-limiting (DL) approach based on predictive distributions and uncertainty functions. A user's information posture regarding a target is represented by one predictive distribution before data

George T. Duncan; Diane Lambert

1986-01-01

249

Information systems strategy development and implementation in SMEs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to further understanding of how information systems (IS) strategy is developed and implemented in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The purpose utilizes eight case studies, each one covering an 18-24 month time span. Qualitative research based on first-hand experience (action-research), interviews, meeting minutes, Board papers, final reports. Earl's model of

Martin Wynn

2009-01-01

250

The Effects of a Networking Information Processing Strategy on the Learning of Field-Dependents When Receiving Visual Instructional Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This investigation experimentally examines a networking learning strategy involving an information processing strategy that relates to the internal cognitive organization of to-be-learned information and its effects upon the learning of field-dependents. ...

J. Canelos W. Taylor

1981-01-01

251

45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...dissemination: The UAP disseminates information and research findings, including the empirical validation of activities related to training...and presentations, including those based on research and evaluation conducted at the...

2010-10-01

252

45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...dissemination: The UAP disseminates information and research findings, including the empirical validation of activities related to training...and presentations, including those based on research and evaluation conducted at the...

2009-10-01

253

Information Overload and Viral Marketing: Countermeasures and Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studying information diffusion through social networks has become an active research topic with important implications in viral marketing applications. One of the fundamental algorithmic problems related to viral marketing is the Influence Maximization (IM) problem: given an social network, which set of nodes should be considered by the viral marketer as the initial targets, in order to maximize the influence of the advertising message. In this work, we study the IM problem in an information-overloaded online social network. Information overload occurs when individuals receive more information than they can process, which can cause negative impacts on the overall marketing effectiveness. Many practical countermeasures have been proposed for alleviating the load of information on recipients. However, how these approaches can benefit viral marketers is not well understood. In our work, we have adapted the classic Information Cascade Model to incorporate information overload and study its countermeasures. Our results suggest that effective control of information overload has the potential to improve marketing effectiveness, but the targeting strategy should be re-designed in response to these countermeasures.

Cheng, Jiesi; Sun, Aaron; Zeng, Daniel

254

Asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis.  

PubMed

Cysticercosis is a common problem world wide. However, disseminated cysticercosis is rare. Still rarer is asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis. We are reporting here a rare case of asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis which involved brain, face, orbit, lungs, heart, pancreas and spleen in a young Nigerian male, who sought medical attention for dysphagia which was diagnosed as achalasia cardia. Despite widespread dissemination of cysticercosis which involves multiple organs, the individual was asymptomatic for the same. Pancreatic and splenic involvement in disseminated cysticercosis has extremely rarely been reported in literature. PMID:24086907

Vaidya, Ashima; Singhal, Suman; Dhall, Sonia; Manohar, Ashish; Mahajan, Harsh

2013-08-01

255

Asymptomatic Disseminated Cysticercosis  

PubMed Central

Cysticercosis is a common problem world wide. However, disseminated cysticercosis is rare. Still rarer is asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis. We are reporting here a rare case of asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis which involved brain, face, orbit, lungs, heart, pancreas and spleen in a young Nigerian male, who sought medical attention for dysphagia which was diagnosed as achalasia cardia. Despite widespread dissemination of cysticercosis which involves multiple organs, the individual was asymptomatic for the same. Pancreatic and splenic involvement in disseminated cysticercosis has extremely rarely been reported in literature.

Vaidya, Ashima; Singhal, Suman; Dhall, Sonia; Manohar, Ashish; Mahajan, Harsh

2013-01-01

256

The impact of information sharing strategies in multi-level supply chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information sharing is a major strategy to counteract the bullwhip effect. Previous research suggested that applying different ISS (information sharing strategy) to the supply chain may improve the supply chain performance under a simplified two-level supply chain model. In this paper, we present a simulation study that investigates the effectiveness of information sharing under different information sharing strategy scenarios within

Xiongwei Zhou; Feicheng Ma; Ling Zhang; Xueying Wang

2008-01-01

257

Procedures for Creating a Media Environment to Help Change Teacher Role from Disseminating Information to Guiding Independent Learners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to show that preparation for and use of an audiovideo dial-select information retrieval system in a new middle school could help to change the teacher's role from that of dispenser of information to guide in an independent learning situation. Because of unavoidable delays in the installation of the dial-select equipment, the…

Sabella, Anthony C.

258

The use of social media and mobile device applications to disseminate natural hazard information by Natural Resources Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public expectation of near-instant and reliable information is constantly rising. Such expectation puts increasing demands on organizations charged with providing the public with information on hazard events in near-real-time, while ensuring quality and accuracy of content. Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) has responded by augmenting existing methods for earthquake information distribution with new and varied methods for relaying natural hazards information. We profile tools now employed operationally by NRCan to distribute earthquake information to emergency measures organizations, news media and the public. Also presented will be an example of a smart-'phone application which includes several tools for natural hazard preparedness and response, supplemented with automated real-time alerts.

Bird, A. L.; Ulmi, M.; Majewski, C.; Hayek, K.; Edwards, W.; McCormack, D. A.; Cole, R. T.; de Paor, D. R.

2011-12-01

259

Cases, Scripts, and Information-Seeking Strategies: On the Design of Interactive Information Retrieval Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The support of effective interaction of the user with the other components of thesystem is a central problem for information retrieval. In this paper, we present atheory of such interactions taking place within a space of information-seeking strategies,and discuss how such a concept can be used to design for effective interaction.In particular, we propose a model of information retrieval system

Nicholas J. Belkin; Colleen Cool; Adelheit Stein; Ulrich Thiel

1994-01-01

260

Analysis of and prognostic information from disseminated tumour cells in bone marrow in primary breast cancer: a prospective observational study  

PubMed Central

Background Disseminated tumour cells (DTCs) in the bone marrow of patients with breast cancer have been identified as an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with non-metastatic disease. This prospective study aimed to evaluate the presence and prognostic value of DTCs in the bone marrow of female patients with primary breast cancer. Methods Between 1999 and 2003, bone marrow aspirates were obtained from patients at the time of surgery for primary invasive breast cancer. DTCs in bone marrow were identified using monoclonal antibodies against cytokeratins for detection of epithelial cells. The detection of DTCs was related to clinical follow-up with distant disease-free survival (DDFS) and breast cancer-specific survival as endpoints. Bone marrow aspirates from adult healthy bone marrow donors were analysed separately. Results DTCs were analysed in 401 patients, and cytokeratin-positive cells were found in 152 of these (38%). An immunofluorescence (IF) staining procedure was used in 327 patients, and immunocytochemistry (IC) was performed in 74 patients. The IF-based method resulted in 40% DTC-positive cases, whereas 30% were positive using IC (p?=?0.11). The presence of DTCs in bone marrow was not significantly related to patient or tumour characteristics. The presence of DTCs was not a prognostic factor for DDFS (IF: hazards ratio [HR], 2.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63–2.2; p?=?0.60; IC: HR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.09–8.1; p?=?0.88). Significant prognostic factors were lymph node metastases, oestrogen receptor positivity, Nottingham histological grade, and tumour size using Cox univariate analysis. The analyses were positive for epithelial cells in bone marrow from adult healthy donors in 19 (25%) samples. Conclusions The detection of DTCs in bone marrow in primary breast cancer was previously shown to be a predictor of poor prognosis. We were not able to confirm these results in a prospective cohort including unselected patients before the standard procedure was established. Future studies with a standardised patient protocol and improved technique for isolating and detecting DTCs may reveal the clinical applications of DTC detection in patients with micrometastases in the bone marrow.

2012-01-01

261

Guidelines for Ensuring and Maximizing the Quality, Objectivity, Utility, and Integrity, of Information Disseminated by the Environmental Protection Agency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is committed to providing public access to environmental information. This commitment is integral to our mission to protect human health and the environment. One of our goals is that all parts of society--includin...

2002-01-01

262

The role of media in the dissemination of environmental and natural disaster information to the public: NPOESS: the future of earth observation and the media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TV broadcast news, part news and part entertainment, continuously transformed by new technology and driven by ratings, still remains the primary form of dissemination of real time information to the general public. Media coverage of environmental issues and natural disasters varies considerably, depending on the perceived interests of the audience. While some receive a lot of coverage with in depth scientific analysis, others receive almost no coverage at all, or are only superficially covered. Although the media is often criticized by scientists for the uneven coverage of events, scientists, agencies and NGOs, must rely on the media to quickly reach the general public. Public awareness and understanding of natural hazards can help save lives and reduce property damages and economic losses, particularly as global climate change and its connection to hazards is accelerating. Earth orbiting satellites provide an unprecedented access to high resolution data about the Earth and its environment. Although such data are readily available and provides excellent visuals for natural hazards, their use in media broadcast is still not widespread. The goal of this research is to bridge the gap between the scientific data available and the visuals currently used in media broadcast. In this work we analyze the media coverage of natural hazards and disasters and the impact on the public. We present examples of past cooperation that led to the dissemination of earth observation products through TV broadcasts, and discuss the different requirements which have to be met in order to transform high resolution satellite images and scientific data into a TV friendly format. Finally, we identify the potential use of future products from the upcoming NPOESS satellite platforms for the coverage of natural hazards and disasters.

Ameller, Rafael; Cervone, Guido; Kafatos, M.; Jones, Dave

263

77 FR 19178 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA),...

2012-03-30

264

An evaluation of information dissemination during the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak among selected rural communities in Kuala Kangsar.  

PubMed

To assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on SARS and its preventive measures among the rural population of Kuala Kangsar district. This KAP study was also done to identify the expectation and preference of rural population upon obtaining health information. This is a cross-sectional study of 201 households from four villages in Kuala Kangsar. Face-to-face interview was done regarding knowledge, attitude and practice on SARS and its preventive measures. Statistical analyses were performed with SPSS (Version 10.0). A scoring system was used to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice towards SARS. Ninety one percent of the study population was aware of SARS. Majority of them have good attitude towards SARS based on the formulated scoring system. Television was found to be the first hand information about SARS and most preferred source of information by the rural population. Knowledge and attitude of respondents concerning SARS were good. Television was found to be the preference among the rural population in obtaining health information. PMID:16114158

Hazreen, A M; Myint Myint, S; Farizah, H; Abd Rashid, M; Chai, C C; Dymna, V K; Gilbert, W; Sri Rahayu, S; Seri Diana, M A; Noor Huzaimnah, H

2005-06-01

265

Disseminating the Right Information to the Right Audience: Cultural Determinants in the Use (and Misuse) of Rankings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rankings and league tables, or Report Cards (RCs), of Higher Education Institutions have become a global phenomenon. Their purpose, it is claimed, is to help "student-consumers" make informed decisions. Yet the degree to which RCs succeed in helping students in their college choice is disputed. Even though RCs are intended for all, which…

Cremonini, Leon; Westerheijden, Don; Enders, Jurgen

2008-01-01

266

Improving data management and dissemination in web based information systems by semantic enrichment of descriptive data aspects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The German-Vietnamese water-related information system for the Mekong Delta (WISDOM) project supports business processes in Integrated Water Resources Management in Vietnam. Multiple disciplines bring together earth and ground based observation themes, such as environmental monitoring, water management, demographics, economy, information technology, and infrastructural systems. This paper introduces the components of the web-based WISDOM system including data, logic and presentation tier. It focuses on the data models upon which the database management system is built, including techniques for tagging or linking metadata with the stored information. The model also uses ordered groupings of spatial, thematic and temporal reference objects to semantically tag datasets to enable fast data retrieval, such as finding all data in a specific administrative unit belonging to a specific theme. A spatial database extension is employed by the PostgreSQL database. This object-oriented database was chosen over a relational database to tag spatial objects to tabular data, improving the retrieval of census and observational data at regional, provincial, and local areas. While the spatial database hinders processing raster data, a "work-around" was built into WISDOM to permit efficient management of both raster and vector data. The data model also incorporates styling aspects of the spatial datasets through styled layer descriptions (SLD) and web mapping service (WMS) layer specifications, allowing retrieval of rendered maps. Metadata elements of the spatial data are based on the ISO19115 standard. XML structured information of the SLD and metadata are stored in an XML database. The data models and the data management system are robust for managing the large quantity of spatial objects, sensor observations, census and document data. The operational WISDOM information system prototype contains modules for data management, automatic data integration, and web services for data retrieval, analysis, and distribution. The graphical user interfaces facilitate metadata cataloguing, data warehousing, web sensor data analysis and thematic mapping.

Gebhardt, Steffen; Wehrmann, Thilo; Klinger, Verena; Schettler, Ingo; Huth, Juliane; Künzer, Claudia; Dech, Stefan

2010-10-01

267

Spanish-Language Bone Wise Dissemination Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives were: (1) to produce and disseminate Spanish language, culturally appropriate information on osteoporosis targeted toward older, Hispanic women; (2) to organize an advisory committee of collaborating organizations with expertise in service ...

T. B. Gibson

1996-01-01

268

Curriculum strategies to improve baccalaureate nursing information technology outcomes.  

PubMed

Improving information technology (IT) outcomes is a top nursing education priority. Improving care access, quality, and cost effectiveness, IT skills are vital for professional development and advancement. Nursing programs have embraced distance learning and added informatics content, courses, and specific technologies; however, undergraduates' and educators' skills are still considered inadequate. Meanwhile, the Nursing Informatics specialty has moved beyond IT competency articulation and measurement. It is promoting information literacy to support evidence-based practice and the cultivation of clinical wisdom. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative, a coalition aiming to advance IT outcomes in nursing education, has cited benchmarking and sharing best practices as key to achieving its goals. Thus, this article reports on the process, results, and implications of a project using curriculum strategies to enhance IT outcomes. A 3-year action plan directed faculty, student, and agency evaluation, curriculum mapping, model learning module, and documentation development. PMID:19260399

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

269

Human cytomegalovirus induction of a unique signalsome during viral entry into monocytes mediates distinct functional changes: a strategy for viral dissemination.  

PubMed

HCMV pathogenesis is a direct consequence of the hematogenous dissemination of the virus to multiple host organ sites. The presence of infected monocytes in the peripheral blood and organs of individuals exhibiting primary HCMV infection have long suggested that these blood sentinels are responsible for mediating viral spread. Despite monocytes being "at the right place at the right time", their short lifespan and the lack of productive viral infection in these cells complicate this scenario of a monocyte-driven approach to viral dissemination by HCMV. However, our laboratory has provided evidence that HCMV infection is able to induce a highly controlled polarization of monocytes toward a unique and long-lived proinflammatory macrophage, which we have demonstrated to be permissive for viral replication. These observations suggest that HCMV has evolved as a distinct mechanism to induce select proinflammatory characteristics that provide infected monocytes with the necessary tools to mediate viral spread following a primary infection. In the absence of viral gene products during the early stages of infection, the process by which HCMV "tunes" the inflammatory response in infected monocytes to promote viral spread and subsequently, viral persistence remains unclear. In this current review, we focus on the viral entry process of HCMV and the potential role of receptor-ligand interactions in modulating monocyte biology. Specifically, we examine the signaling pathways initiated by the distinct combination of cellular receptors simultaneously engaged and activated by HCMV during viral entry and how the acquisition of this distinct signalsome results in a nontraditional activation of monocytes leading to the induction of the unique, functional attributes observed in monocytes following HCMV infection. PMID:22715139

Chan, Gary; Nogalski, Maciej T; Stevenson, Emily V; Yurochko, Andrew D

2012-06-19

270

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis  

MedlinePLUS

... is the prognosis? What research is being done? Clinical Trials Organizations What is Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis? Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is characterized by a brief but widespread attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages myelin – the protective ...

271

Cell Phone Utilization Among Foreign-Born Latinos: A Promising Tool for Dissemination of Health and HIV Information.  

PubMed

Latinos in the US are disproportionately affected by HIV and are at risk for late presentation to care. Between June 2011 and January 2012, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 209 Baltimore Latinos at community-based venues to evaluate the feasibility of using information communication technology-based interventions to improve access to HIV testing and education within the Spanish-speaking community in Baltimore. Participants had a median age of 33 years interquartile range (IQR) (IQR 28-42), 51.7 % were male, and 95.7 % were foreign-born. Approximately two-thirds (63.2 %) had been in the US less than 10 years and 70.1 % had been previously tested for HIV. Cell phone (92.3 %) and text messaging (74.2 %) was used more than Internet (52.2 %) or e-mail (42.8 %) (p < 0.01). In multivariate analysis, older age and lower education were associated with less utilization of Internet, e-mail and text messaging, but not cell phones. Interest was high for receiving health education (73.1 %), HIV education (70.2 %), and test results (68.8 %) via text messaging. Innovative cell phone-based communication interventions have the potential to link Latino migrants to HIV prevention, testing and treatment services. PMID:23440452

Leite, Lorena; Buresh, Megan; Rios, Naomi; Conley, Anna; Flys, Tamara; Page, Kathleen R

2013-02-26

272

Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

2013-01-01

273

Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

2013-01-01

274

We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive-behavioral therapy…

Sholomskas, Diane E.; Syracuse-Siewert, Gia; Rounsaville, Bruce J.; Ball, Samuel A.; Nuro, Kathryn F.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

2005-01-01

275

77 FR 41176 - Notice Reopening the Request for Information (RFI) on Strategies for Improving Outcomes for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information (RFI) on Strategies for Improving Outcomes for Disconnected Youth AGENCY...them to Annie Blackledge, Attention: Improving Outcomes for Disconnected Youth RFI...submission of comments on strategies for improving outcomes for disconnected youth....

2012-07-12

276

A global strategy of using molecular genetic information to improve genetics in livestock.  

PubMed

Traditional breeding programmes have largely contributed to disseminate the benefits of several quantitative traits in livestock. In developing countries such as Indonesia where animal population scattered throughout the country, it is difficult to invest for molecular research. On the other side, yet, it is worthy asset for breeding purposes. Based on theory and evidence, it has been proved that those scattered population evolved different genetic adaptations in response to a given natural pressure selection. A global strategy can be applied to the use of molecular genetic information for identification of economically important value. The use of genetic markers or more effective of marker-assisted selection (MAS) for desired important traits would be more valuable and useful and even more efficient in important trait selection of superior livestock. DNA marker technology would be very useful when applied for quantitative trait identification. Marker-assisted selection can be used for enhancing conventional breeding and works best for the traits with low heritability such as in reproductive traits and disease resistance. Application of conventional breeding for lower heredity traits would not be efficient because of waiting longer for generation interval, expensive in measurements, more population and more employees needed. Study of quantitative trait loci mapping is early investment to improve genetic merit. It can be performed once but can be used for exploring many genetic traits with economically important values. An effective option is biotechnology application in livestock for the development of genetic varieties such as stress tolerance, growth and carcass traits. Application of biotechnology approaches will enable improvement in productivity, reduction in costs, enrichment of milk compositions and extension of shelf life products. PMID:22212204

Margawati, E T

2012-01-01

277

Aerosol Dissemination Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes a program to develop, design, and fabricate an integrated chamber aerosol assessment system. Its primary application will be in the area of testing and evaluation of the dissemination of chemical agents in which the mass concentration...

R. Dennis A. W. Doyle C. O. Hommel J. F. McCoy P. Morgenstern

1968-01-01

278

Freshman Lab - Dissemination Information Title: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Introduction to Engineering course at the University of Florida was converted from a lecture-based offering to a laboratory format. The revised course rotates student groups through laboratories in each of the disciplines with undergraduate engineering programs at the University of Florida. Majors and non-majors receive a grade for this one credit course which meets three hours per week. The

Marc Hoit

279

Study on Collaboration Mechanisms of Information Resources Allocation Strategy in National Innovation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract-Information resources allocation strategy is the foundation of allocation activities development, is the overall plan and arrangement for a long-term allocation goal, implementation program and operation mechanism. According to the national innovation and development requirements, this study combined synergetic theory with traditional information resources allocation theory to analyze information resources allocation strategy collaboration mechanisms and collaboration evolution processes in National

Zeng Jianxun; Zhao Yang; Zhang Xiaodong

2010-01-01

280

Paradigms for adaptive statistical information designs: practical experiences and strategies.  

PubMed

In the last decade or so, interest in adaptive design clinical trials has gradually been directed towards their use in regulatory submissions by pharmaceutical drug sponsors to evaluate investigational new drugs. Methodological advances of adaptive designs are abundant in the statistical literature since the 1970s. The adaptive design paradigm has been enthusiastically perceived to increase the efficiency and to be more cost-effective than the fixed design paradigm for drug development. Much interest in adaptive designs is in those studies with two-stages, where stage 1 is exploratory and stage 2 depends upon stage 1 results, but where the data of both stages will be combined to yield statistical evidence for use as that of a pivotal registration trial. It was not until the recent release of the US Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Adaptive Design Clinical Trials for Drugs and Biologics (2010) that the boundaries of flexibility for adaptive designs were specifically considered for regulatory purposes, including what are exploratory goals, and what are the goals of adequate and well-controlled (A&WC) trials (2002). The guidance carefully described these distinctions in an attempt to minimize the confusion between the goals of preliminary learning phases of drug development, which are inherently substantially uncertain, and the definitive inference-based phases of drug development. In this paper, in addition to discussing some aspects of adaptive designs in a confirmatory study setting, we underscore the value of adaptive designs when used in exploratory trials to improve planning of subsequent A&WC trials. One type of adaptation that is receiving attention is the re-estimation of the sample size during the course of the trial. We refer to this type of adaptation as an adaptive statistical information design. Specifically, a case example is used to illustrate how challenging it is to plan a confirmatory adaptive statistical information design. We highlight the substantial risk of planning the sample size for confirmatory trials when information is very uninformative and stipulate the advantages of adaptive statistical information designs for planning exploratory trials. Practical experiences and strategies as lessons learned from more recent adaptive design proposals will be discussed to pinpoint the improved utilities of adaptive design clinical trials and their potential to increase the chance of a successful drug development. PMID:22927234

Wang, Sue-Jane; Hung, H M James; O'Neill, Robert

2012-08-24

281

77 FR 47361 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-08-08

282

77 FR 41370 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-07-13

283

Alignment of a firm's competitive strategy and information technology management sophistication: the missing link  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for establishing a link between information technology (IT) management strategies and a firm's competitive strategy has been identified and discussed in the literature. In this paper, factors for measuring IT management sophistication are identified first. Then the effects of the competitive strategy on IT management sophistication are tested empirically. According to a survey of 213 managers, this study

Yash P. Gupta; Jahangir Karimi; Toni M. Somers

1997-01-01

284

Diffusion and Dissemination of Evidence-based Cancer Control Interventions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What is the effectiveness of cancer control interventions (i.e., smoking cessation, healthy diet, mammography, cervical cancer screening, and control of cancer pain) to promote behavior uptake. What strategies have been evaluated to disseminate cancer con...

P. Ellis P. Raina

2003-01-01

285

Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

Tsai, Meng-Jung

2009-01-01

286

Content characteristics of formal information technology strategy as implementation predictors in Norwegian  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for improved implementation of information technology strategy has been emphasised in both empirical and prescriptive research studies. In this study, ten con- tent characteristics of formal information technology strategy are identified from the research literature as potential implementation predictors. These are descriptions of: i) resources needed for the implementation; ii) user involvement during the implementa- tion; iii) analyses

Petter Gottschalk

287

College Students and Algebra Story Problems: Strategies for Identifying Relevant Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students' strategies to discriminate relevant from irrelevant information in algebra story problems were identified and compared to strategies used by younger students in previous studies. College students identified numbers relevant for solution (Experiment 1) or provided verbal reports as they computed answers (Experiment 2). Type of information examined, sequence and duration of examination, and verbal reports were analyzed. College

Joan Littlefield Cook

2006-01-01

288

Building an information security strategy for EHR: Guidelines for assessing the current situation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is looking at electronic health record (EHR) systems and their information security strategy. It focuses on the first step of building an information security strategy which is analysing the current situation of an EHR system. This research is based on different research methods applied to different EHR systems. In this paper we define eight elements that can be

Yara Mohammad; Lampros Stergioulas

2010-01-01

289

Cerebellar mutism in pediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.  

PubMed

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a demyelinating process affecting multiple areas of the central nervous system, frequently including the cerebellum. Cerebellar insult may lead to absence of speech or cerebellar mutism. Cerebellar mutism often occurs in young children after posterior fossa tumor resection, and generally appears as part of a larger subset of neurobehavioral signs and personality changes known as posterior fossa syndrome. Information on the impact of widespread cerebellar involvement on speech production, behavior, and long-term outcomes in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is limited. We describe cases of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis with predominantly cerebellar involvement, with specific attention to cerebellar mutism. We conducted a retrospective chart review of children diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis between 2005-2009 at a pediatric multiple sclerosis and demyelinating disorders clinic. Of 19 patients diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, six (32%) manifested primary cerebellar involvement. Of these six, four (67%) exhibited acute language disturbance, with three (50%) exhibiting mutism. The three patients with cerebellar mutism experienced protracted speech and language deficits after follow-ups from 6 months to 4 years. Widespread cerebellar involvement in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis may result in cerebellar mutism, in addition to persistent neurocognitive and behavioral problems. PMID:20304329

Parrish, Joy B; Weinstock-Guttman, Bianca; Yeh, E Ann

2010-04-01

290

Confirming preferences or collecting data? Information search strategies and romantic partner selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates two kinds of information search strategies in the context of selecting romantic partners. Confirmatory searching occurs when people ask for more information about a romantic partner in order to validate or confirm their assessment. Balanced searches are characterized by a search for risk information for partners rated as attractive and for attractiveness information about partners rated as

Michael H. Hennessy; Marty Fishbein; Brenda Curtis; Daniel Barrett

2008-01-01

291

Business flight simulators in the framework of information strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present trend of information technology makes it possible to simulate economic process courses and results very well. The simulation by itself does not replace reality but substantially improves quality. Company information systems often abound in data and information overloading. Sometimes nobody uses them and the information system does not work as a whole. For better understanding and company integration

Daniela Beer

2010-01-01

292

Study on Proactive Information Delivery Strategy of Cooperative Air Combat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proactive information delivery among the combat teams and the teammates in cooperative air combat is crucial. In this paper, we focus on how to model the proactive information delivery (PID) behaviors and how to delivery the combat mission and situation information during the combat process. Based on the requirements of cooperative air combat, we model the proactive information delivery behaviors

JianLiang He; JinXing Liu; ShaoDong Chen; JinSong Gao

2011-01-01

293

Developing an Information Commitment Survey for Assessing Students' Web Information Searching Strategies and Evaluative Standards for Web Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The idea of "information commitments" refers to both learners' online searching strategies and the evaluative standards that students use to assess the accuracy and usefulness of information in web-based learning environments. Based upon the results of a pioneering and qualitative study on information commitments, this study aimed to develop an…

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2007-01-01

294

Developing a dissemination plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each proposal to the National Science Foundation (NSF) seeking support for improving engineering education must include a plan for disseminating the innovations and results that a funded project will generate. Authors may select from a variety of tactics: papers published in archival journals, conference papers, workshops, web sites, multimedia CD-ROMs, books, conference exhibits, etc. Despite the wide variety of available

Jeffrey Froyd

2001-01-01

295

Design of a BPR-Based Information Strategy Planning (ISP) Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper we propose a BPR-based Information Strategy Planning (ISP) Framework, which aims to fully incorporate the BPR\\u000a concept into ISP. Since business processes and information systems (IS) are tightly linked together, business processes need\\u000a to be reengineered during information systems planning. Five sub-processes are defined in the framework – Business Strategy\\u000a Analysis, Process Analysis and Redesign, IS Analysis

Chiwoon Cho; Nam Wook Cho

2005-01-01

296

Sediment loads and sources in heavily modified Irish catchments: A move towards informed management strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) has forced regulatory authorities to take an integrated view of the link between water quality and catchment management. In Northern Ireland, concern over progressive habitat degradation of one of the Province's prime salmon rivers (the River Bush) provided the stimulus for a sediment monitoring programme. The aims of this study were to quantify instream sediment loads and to identify sources of fine sediment feeding into the river channel. This information would then be used to justify changes in the way the catchment's resources were managed. Sediment loads were assessed at four sampling stations on the River Bush system over a one-year period (between 18/07/02 and 24/07/03) using sediment collection tubes and pit-type traps. These ranged between 0.196 and 4.98 t yr- 1 for bed load and 1.70 and 102 t yr- 1 for suspended load. A combination of desktop studies (erosion potential mapping), monitoring (visual observations, bank erosion magnitude and yield) and analytical work (sediment fingerprinting) was then applied in order to elucidate links between catchment sediment erosion and downstream sediment delivery. Bank erosion was highest in regions of the catchment with the least cohesive bank materials during high flow conditions. Livestock poaching and peak flows caused damage to banks at a localised scale and led to selective patches of bare land being susceptible to further erosion, augmenting the sediment load (approximately 2% of the annual suspended sediment and 60% of the annual bed load). Drainage maintenance work (60% and 30%), forest clearfell (1% and 2%) and ploughed land (37% and 8%) also contributed to the annual suspended sediment and bed load, respectively. Nine key actions were suggested in order to improve habitat quality in relation to sediment supply in the River Bush. These included wetland restoration; prohibiting drainage maintenance work; strategies to control conifer plantation felling; reducing bare ground; livestock access restrictions; construction site management; macrophyte clearance; employment of a river warden and systematic dissemination of project recommendations to the general public to generate community involvement. It was essential that these actions were both cost effective and practical in order to maximise catchment stakeholder uptake.

Evans, D. J.; Gibson, C. E.; Rossell, R. S.

2006-09-01

297

Information literacy: using LISTEN project strategies to equip nurses worldwide.  

PubMed

The 21st century presents a major challenge in the form of information overload. In a profession where new knowledge is ever expanding, nurse educators must equip nurses to find the information they need to provide safe evidence-based care. Information literacy and information technology competencies have become a priority in nursing education, but inconsistencies in definitions, frameworks, content, and design, combined with ill-equipped faculty have hindered the development of a transferable model geared toward improving nurses' information literacy. Challenges are compounded for nurses in developing nations, where access to information and training for information literacy are both problematic. This paper describes experiences from the LISTEN project, during the 1st year of a 3-year funded Nurse Education Practice and Retention grant. Designed to improve information literacy competencies of student and workforce nurses, using individualized learning via interactive web-based modules, LISTEN provides on its' website a Did You Know video dramatizing the importance of information literacy to nurses, and offers resources for information literacy, information technology, and evidence-based nursing practice. Preliminary findings from beta testing reveal the module content is realistic, complete, and logical. The website and video have generated worldwide interest. Future possibilities include nationwide implementation and adaptation for the international arena. PMID:19592922

Patterson, Ramona; Carter-Templeton, Heather; Russell, Cynthia

2009-01-01

298

Brief Intervention for School Problems: Outcome Informed Strategies, Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Now in a revised and updated second edition, this highly practical guide provides innovative strategies for resolving academic and behavioral difficulties by enlisting the strengths and resources of students, parents, and teachers. Extensive new case material illustrates the authors' creative approach to building solutions and "busting problems"…

Murphy, John J.; Duncan, Barry L.

2007-01-01

299

Leveraging Information Technology. Track VI: Hardware/Software Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seven papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track VI, Hardware/Software Strategies, are presented. They include: "Integrated Systems--The Next Steps" (Morris A. Hicks); "Administrative Microcomputing--Roads Traveled, Lessons Learned" (David L. Smallen); "Murphy's First Law and Its Application to Administrative Computing" (Mary Lawarre Cox and…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

300

Gender differences in investment strategies: an information processing perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Refers to past research regarding gender differences in investment strategies which has pointed to two important differences: female investors appear both to be more risk averse and to have less confidence in their investment decisions than male investors in equivalent circumstances. Given the relative consistency of these findings, as well as the potential long-term financial implications of these differing investment

Judy F. Graham; Jr Edward J. Stendardi; Joan K. Myers; Mark J. Graham

2002-01-01

301

A strategy for curriculum integration of information skills instruction.  

PubMed Central

The ever increasing need of health professionals for information and the inclusion of active learning experiences in the medical school curriculum require that students learn the effective use of health information tools. Curriculum integration is gaining acceptance as an effective approach to teaching information skills in this setting. At the University of Miami School of Medicine, information skills components taught by library faculty are integrated into the Freshman Orientation Program and two sophomore curriculum courses. Beginning with a core set of skills and basic information management tools, more complex and subject-specific skills are introduced sequentially throughout the basic sciences curriculum. During the first two years, a wide range of information skills are taught, and students receive many opportunities to seek and identify information using both printed sources and computerized bibliographic databases. This paper describes how curriculum integration of information skills instruction was achieved and the many benefits of this approach. Included are a description of the information skills components, evaluation data, and future plans.

Burrows, S; Ginn, D S; Love, N; Williams, T L

1989-01-01

302

Dissemination and School Improvement in Educational Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Updating a 1978 literature review, this document assembles five articles analyzing recent research on how various types of educational agencies disseminate information for school improvement. Each article summarizes literature relevant to one type of educational agency, discusses interrelationships among the research findings, and assesses the…

McKibbin, Sue, Ed.; Malkas, Mark, Ed.

303

The AFT Educational Research and Dissemination Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brochure is developed to provide information for local unions within the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) who may be interested in becoming Education Research and Dissemination (ER&D) sites. The following questions are addressed: (1) What Is ER&D? (2) What Can ER&D Accomplish? (3) What Makes ER&D Different? (4) What Do ER&D Participants…

American Federation of Teachers, 2007

2007-01-01

304

Virgin Islands Educational Dissemination System. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on a 5-year project developed by the Department of Education of the U.S. Virgin Islands to create a useful information and technical assistance system for professional personnel to bring about educational change and growth. The project was based on the original Interstate Project in Dissemination model (with the exception…

Oliver, James M.; And Others

305

CHARACTERIZING MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHERS' INFORMAL FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES AND THEIR EFFECTS ON STUDENT INQUIRY SKILLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utilization of informal formative assessment strategies by two classroom teachers and a reading specialist was examined in the context of a computer-based scientific inquiry intervention. Informal formative assessment employed by teachers was found to consistently fall into one of four categories: mechanical, procedural, content, or metacognitive. Analysis of selected cases indicated a correlation between teacher use of metacognitive informal

Joseph A. Brobst; Eric Eslinger

306

ANALYZING INTERORGANIZATIONAL INFORMATION SHARING STRATEGIES IN B2B E-COMMERCE SUPPLY CHAINS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information sharing in procurement occurs in many rich and varied industry contexts in which managerial decisions are made and organizational strategy is formulated. We extend the current theoretical results to understand how information sharing ought to work in procurement contexts that involve investments in interorganizational information systems and collaborative planning, forecasting and replenishment practices. Our primary research question is: How

Robert J. Kauffman; Hamid Mohtadi

307

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare monophasic inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous\\u000a system (CNS) that occurs more often in children or young adults than in older people and has been recognized for more than\\u000a 200 yr (1). The lack of a universally accepted definition of ADEM is a major impediment to understanding and describing its clinical-pathological\\u000a boundaries

Sean J. Pittock; Dean M. Wingerchuk

308

Craniospinal dissemination in teratocarcinosarcoma.  

PubMed

There have been fewer than 60 cases of malignant teratocarcinosarcoma (TCS) described in the literature, usually arising in the nose and paranasal sinuses. The authors report on a patient who presented with neurological symptoms caused by a frontal lobe TCS, and in whom widespread spinal tumor dissemination developed. In rare cases, TCSs can occur with a predominantly cranial and neurological presentation and spread to the spinal canal. PMID:18671647

Tchoyoson Lim, C C; Thiagarajan, Anuradha; Sim, Chee Seng; Khoo, Mark L; Shakespeare, Thomas P; Ng, Ivan

2008-08-01

309

InfoThink: Practical Strategies for Using Information in Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the world of business shifts towards a knowledge economy, the growing availability of information delivered in print and electronic media will require professionals well-versed in the methodologies of information thinking and knowledgeable of the practical resources available to them. This book provides a window on the complexities of the…

Park, Mary Woodfill

310

China Colleges Information Technology Education Development Strategy Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology colleges are digital, networked oriented. The network is foundation, the building of resources is the core, the application is the goal, and the management system is guarantee. However, the current states of Chinese colleges IT application are: emphasizing the building of network environment but ignoring education application; information resources share limited; less quantity and low quality of education

Chen Xin

2009-01-01

311

Library and Information Science Research: Perspectives and Strategies for Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 28 essays in this collection provide an overview of research in library/information science (LIS), present a practical context of such research, and consider related issues and concerns. The essays are: (1) "The Elusive Nature of Research in LIS" (Peter Hernon); (2) "Guides to Conducting Research in Library and Information Science" (Ronald R.…

McClure, Charles R., Ed.; Hernon, Peter, Ed.

312

Library and Information Science Research: Perspectives and Strategies for Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 28 essays in this collection provide an overview of research in library/information science (LIS), present a practical context of such research, and consider related issues and concerns. The essays are: (1) "The Elusive Nature of Research in LIS" (Peter Hernon); (2) "Guides to Conducting Research in Library and Information Science" (Ronald R.…

McClure, Charles R., Ed.; Hernon, Peter, Ed.

313

BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN BUSINESS STRATEGY AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Information Systems Strategy and Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In software-intensive organizations, an organizational management system will not guarantee or- ganizational success unless the business strategy can be translated into a set of operational soft- ware goals. The Goal Question Metric (GQM) approach has proven itself useful in a variety of in- dustrial settings to support quantitative software project management. However, it does not ad- dress linking software measurement

Victor Basili; Fraunhofer CESE; Jens Heidrich; Fraunhofer IESE; Mikael Lindvall; Jürgen Münch; Germany Kaiserslautern; Myrna Regardie; Dieter Rombach

314

Integrating network structure and dynamic information for better routing strategy on scale-free networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study information packet routing processes on scale-free networks by mimicking the Internet traffic delivery strategies. We incorporate both the global network structure information and local queuing information in the dynamic processes. We propose several new routing strategies to guide the packet routing. The performance of the routing strategies is measured by the average transit time of the packets as well as their dependence on the traffic amount. We find that the routing strategies which integrate both global network structure information and local dynamic information perform much better than the traditional shortest-path routing protocol which takes into account only the global topological information. Moreover, from comparative studies of these routing strategies, we observe that some of our proposed methods can decrease the average transit time of packets but the performance is closely dependent on the total amount of traffic while some other proposed methods can have good performance independent of the total amount of traffic with hyper-excellent average transit time of packets. Also, numerical results show that our proposed methods integrating network structure information and local dynamic information can work much better than the methods recently proposed in [S. Sreenivasan, R. Cohen, E. López, Z. Toroczkai, H.E. Stanley, Phys. Rev. E 75 (2007) 036105, Zhi-Xi Wu, Gang Peng, Eric W.M. Wong, Kai-Hau Yeung, J. Stat. Mech. (2008) P11002.], which only considered network structure information.

Tang, Xiao-Gai; Wong, Eric W. M.; Wu, Zhi-Xi

2009-06-01

315

A comparison of information functions and search strategies for sensor planning in target classification.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the comparative performance of several information-driven search strategies and decision rules using a canonical target classification problem. Five sensor models are considered: one obtained from classical estimation theory and four obtained from Bernoulli, Poisson, binomial, and mixture-of-binomial distributions. A systematic approach is presented for deriving information functions that represent the expected utility of future sensor measurements from mutual information, Rènyi divergence, Kullback-Leibler divergence, information potential, quadratic entropy, and the Cauchy-Schwarz distance. The resulting information-driven strategies are compared to direct-search, alert-confirm, task-driven (TS), and log-likelihood-ratio (LLR) search strategies. Extensive numerical simulations show that quadratic entropy typically leads to the most effective search strategy with respect to correct-classification rates. In the presence of prior information, the quadratic-entropy-driven strategy also displays the lowest rate of false alarms. However, when prior information is absent or very noisy, TS and LLR strategies achieve the lowest false-alarm rates for the Bernoulli, mixture-of-binomial, and classical sensor models. PMID:22057064

Zhang, Guoxian; Ferrari, Silvia; Cai, Chenghui

2011-10-31

316

College Students and Algebra Story Problems: Strategies for Identifying Relevant Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students' strategies to discriminate relevant from irrelevant information in algebra story problems were identified and compared to strategies used by younger students in previous studies. College students identified numbers relevant for solution (Experiment 1) or provided verbal reports as they computed answers (Experiment 2). Type of…

Cook, Joan Littlefield

2006-01-01

317

Millennial Undergraduate Research Strategies in Web and Library Information Retrieval Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the author's dissertation regarding search strategies of millennial undergraduate students in Web and library online information retrieval systems. Millennials bring a unique set of search characteristics and strategies to their research since they have never known a world without the Web. Through the use of search engines, they have come to expect that searches can be completed

Brandi Porter

2011-01-01

318

Millennial Undergraduate Research Strategies in Web and Library Information Retrieval Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article summarizes the author's dissertation regarding search strategies of millennial undergraduate students in Web and library online information retrieval systems. Millennials bring a unique set of search characteristics and strategies to their research since they have never known a world without the Web. Through the use of search…

Porter, Brandi

2011-01-01

319

The Role of IQ in the Use of Cognitive Strategies to Learn Information from a Map  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of IQ in individual differences in real-life problem solving and strategies use was explored. Repeated trials of learning and recall of information from a map were analyzed with high IQ and average IQ Korean students. IQ correlated with the selection and use of strategies in recall. However, the performance and strategic behaviors of…

Cho, Seokhee

2010-01-01

320

Security in the Information Age: New Challenges, New Strategies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the years, the Joint Economic Committee has investigated a wide range of threats to the United States and its economy. The committee has consistently identified emerging issues including radio frequency weapons, bioterrorism, information warfare, esp...

2002-01-01

321

Strategies on the Implementation of China's Logistics Information Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The economic globalization and trend of e-commerce network have determined that the logistics industry will be rapidly developed in the 21st century. In order to achieve the optimal allocation of resources, a worldwide rapid and sound customer service system should be established. The establishment of a corresponding modern logistics system is the inevitable choice of this requirement. It is also the inevitable choice for the development of modern logistics industry in China. The perfect combination of modern logistics and information network can better promote the development of the logistics industry. Through the analysis of Status of Logistics Industry in China, this paper summed up the domestic logistics enterprise logistics information system in the building of some common problems. According to logistics information systems planning methods and principles set out logistics information system to optimize the management model.

Dong, Yahui; Li, Wei; Guo, Xuwen

322

Security Strategy for Mobile Police Information System Using SMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the well-developed civilian wireless network infrastructure was built and the mobile devices becoming increasingly widespread,\\u000a many mobile police information systems were established to provide information for police anywhere and anytime. The (SMS)\\u000a Short Message Service is a widely used communication means in these applications. But lacking of security for SMS makes it\\u000a unsuitable for transmitting these confidential data. In

Rongyu He; Zheng Qin; Fei Wang; Chaowen Chang; Xi Qin

2009-01-01

323

Unsupervised strategies for information extraction by text segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information extraction by text segmentation (IETS) applies to cases in which data values of interest are organized in implicit semi-structured records available in textual sources (e.g. postal addresses, bibliographic information, ads). It is an important practical problem that has been frequently addressed in the recent literature. We report here partial results from a PhD thesis work in which we introduce

Eli Cortez; Altigran S. da Silva

2010-01-01

324

Social and Cognitive System for Learning Negotiation Strategies with Incomplete Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding adequate (win-win solutions for both parties) negotiation strategy with incomplete information for autonomous agents, even in one-to-one negotiation, is a complex problem. First part of this paper aims to\\u000a develop negotiation strategies for autonomous agents with incomplete information, where negotiation behaviors, based on time-dependent\\u000a behaviors, are suggested to be used in combination (inspired from empirical human negotiation research). Suggested

Amine Chohra; Arash Bahrammirzaee; Kurosh Madani

2009-01-01

325

Informing Severely III Patients: Needs, Shortcomings and Strategies for Improvement  

PubMed Central

Summary The scope of palliative care has expanded gradually over the last decade. Provision of palliative care is not restricted to the last months of life as in some out-dated concepts. It addresses the needs of severely ill patients in all care settings (in- and outpatients, home care, hospices). Particularly in the last years, the value of integrating palliative care early in the disease trajectory of life-threatening and incurable diseases has become increasingly acknowledged. In order for patients to fully benefit from the concept of early integration of palliative care, they need to be provided with information tailored to their disease trajectory. For example, patients and relatives need to know how symptoms such as pain, depression, fatigue, breathlessness, or anxiety can be alleviated. The patients’ knowledge and understanding will support the coping process, improve comfort and enhance patient participation and autonomy. Since information needs are highly individual and vary throughout the course of the disease, an interactive approach of assessing the patients’ needs and responding to them adequately is mandatory. In this article, the information needs of advanced cancer patients and their families are explained, shortcomings of the present information concepts are discussed, and an integrative approach to responding to patients’ information needs throughout the care pathway is advocated.

Strohbuecker, Barbara; Gaertner, Jan; Stock, Stephanie

2011-01-01

326

Presenting evidence and summary measures to best inform societal decisions when comparing multiple strategies.  

PubMed

Multiple strategy comparisons in health technology assessment (HTA) are becoming increasingly important, with multiple alternative therapeutic actions, combinations of therapies and diagnostic and genetic testing alternatives. Comparison under uncertainty of incremental cost, effects and cost effectiveness across more than two strategies is conceptually and practically very different from that for two strategies, where all evidence can be summarized in a single bivariate distribution on the incremental cost-effectiveness plane. Alternative methods for comparing multiple strategies in HTA have been developed in (i) presenting cost and effects on the cost-disutility plane and (ii) summarizing evidence with multiple strategy cost-effectiveness acceptability (CEA) and expected net loss (ENL) curves and frontiers. However, critical questions remain for the analyst and decision maker of how these techniques can be best employed across multiple strategies to (i) inform clinical and cost inference in presenting evidence, and (ii) summarize evidence of cost effectiveness to inform societal reimbursement decisions where preferences may be risk neutral or somewhat risk averse under the Arrow-Lind theorem. We critically consider how evidence across multiple strategies can be best presented and summarized to inform inference and societal reimbursement decisions, given currently available methods. In the process, we make a number of important original findings. First, in presenting evidence for multiple strategies, the joint distribution of costs and effects on the cost-disutility plane with associated flexible comparators varying across replicates for cost and effect axes ensure full cost and effect inference. Such inference is usually confounded on the cost-effectiveness plane with comparison relative to a fixed origin and axes. Second, in summarizing evidence for risk-neutral societal decision making, ENL curves and frontiers are shown to have advantages over the CEA frontier in directly presenting differences in expected net benefit (ENB). The CEA frontier, while identifying strategies that maximize ENB, only presents their probability of maximizing net benefit (NB) and, hence, fails to explain why strategies maximize ENB at any given threshold value. Third, in summarizing evidence for somewhat risk-averse societal decision making, trade-offs between the strategy maximizing ENB and other potentially optimal strategies with higher probability of maximizing NB should be presented over discrete threshold values where they arise. However, the probabilities informing these trade-offs and associated discrete threshold value regions should be derived from bilateral CEA curves to prevent confounding by other strategies inherent in multiple strategy CEA curves. Based on these findings, a series of recommendations are made for best presenting and summarizing cost-effectiveness evidence for reimbursement decisions when comparing multiple strategies, which are contrasted with advice for comparing two strategies. Implications for joint research and reimbursement decisions are also discussed. PMID:21671686

Eckermann, Simon; Willan, Andrew R

2011-07-01

327

Support Strategies for Informal Production of Housing and Urban Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The informal sector has proved to be the most economical producer of low-cost housing in the developing world, yet its 'unofficial' nature has made reaching it with conventional assistance programs difficult. The report focuses on ways in which A.I.D. can...

R. S. Lintz

1989-01-01

328

The Information Seeking Strategies of High School Science Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the use of the Artemis web-based interface, which provides a digital library for students to search, organize, and evaluate science information related to project-based investigations. Describes high school science students' use of the scaffolding features embedded in Artemis. Reports that students relied upon the Organizational Feature…

Lumpe, Andrew T.; Butler, Kyle

2002-01-01

329

The Case Research Strategy in Studies of Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article defines and discusses one of these qualitative methods--the case research strat- egy. Suggestions are provided for researchers who wish to undertake research employing this approach. Criteria for the evaluation of case research are established and several characteristics useful for categorizing the studies are identified. A sample of papers drawn from information systems journals is reviewed. The paper concludes

Izak Benbasat; David K. Goldstein

1987-01-01

330

Web 2.0 Strategy in Libraries and Information Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web 2.0 challenges libraries to change from their predominantly centralised service models with integrated library management systems at the hub. Implementation of Web 2.0 technologies and the accompanying attitudinal shifts will demand reconceptualisation of the nature of library and information service around a dynamic, ever changing, networked,…

Byrne, Alex

2008-01-01

331

Nursing research: historical background and teaching information strategies.  

PubMed Central

The expansion of research-based literature is one of the foremost goals of the nursing profession. Linked to this goal are the utilization and further development of nursing libraries. This paper discusses some historical factors that have influenced nursing literature. It presents a model for teaching graduate nursing students the relationship between research and library information skills.

Sarkis, J M; Conners, V L

1986-01-01

332

A Guide to Resources on Advocacy: Facts, Strategies, and Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource guide includes information to help advocates for children be more effective, whether they work at education and research or in direct action with media and legislators. The guide begins with a one-page description of the Indiana Youth Institute (IYI), listing the kinds of youth-related research materials and services it provides.…

Webb, Kelli; And Others

333

Make It Real: Strategies for Success with Informational Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides a practical classroom guide to unlocking the treasures of informational texts. It also aims to demonstrate that reading and writing nonfiction can overcome the gender gap, allowing girls and boys to share interests in any subject from bugs and magnets to gardens and cake baking. It explains the use of a range of instructional…

Hoyt, Linda

334

Sustaining And Extending Organization Strategy via Information Technology Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes commonly accepted theories of corporate governance and extends them to information technology governance in United States (US) hospitals. It goes on to argue that currently accepted theories of governance may not apply in rural US hospital settings. Rather, this work posits that governance is a pattern of social relations integrating organizational activities. This position is supported in

Sheila K. Mcginnis; Kenneth J. Trimmer; Carla Wiggins

2004-01-01

335

STRATEGIES FOR UTILIZING LABORATORY TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION IN REGULATORY DECISIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

Implementation of the goals of each EPA regulatory program requires the use of laboratory test data to determine the toxicological properties of the chemical substances being regulated. This information is then used to predict the potential impact of a material on the environment...

336

Cross Cultural Strategies: Background Information For Teachers of Indian Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet was designed as a source of information for teachers seeking a deeper understanding of Native American children and who want to take advantage of opportunities offered by a cross-cultural classroom. The first section is a collection of 13 articles from a wide variety of sources on various aspects of cross-cultural education. Each…

Council for Yukon Indians, Whitehorse (Yukon). Curriculum Development Program.

337

Recent Strategies for Retrieving Chemical Structure Information on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various methods for retrieving chemical structure information on the World Wide Web are discussed. Although graphical plug-in programs provide more search capabilities, users first have to obtain a copy of the programs. Tripos's WebSketch and ACD Interactive Lab adopt a different approach; using JAVA applets, users create and display a structure…

Lo, Mei Ling

1997-01-01

338

Managing information technology in Uganda: Strategies and policy formulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid expansion of markets for information technology (IT) raises many questions: What human resource and technical foundations are necessary to effectively utilize and develop IT products? What are the trade?offs between capital expenditures on the one hand, and education, training and social costs on the other in the short and long terms? Above all, what policy or institutional measures

Nora Kasirye Mulira

1995-01-01

339

The Information Seeking Strategies of High School Science Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study focused on the use of the Artemis web-based interface http://artemis.goknow.com/artemis/index.adp). This program provides a digital library for students to search, organise, and evaluation science information related to project-based investigations. The primary feature of the Artemis interface is a focused search tool. Key scaffolding features in Artemis include the collections of web sites, driving question folders, a persistent workspace for notes, cataloging of past search results, and the viewing of sites shared by other students. The primary goal of this study was to describe high school science students' use of the scaffolding features embedded in the Artemis interface. The researchers were interested in identifying the scaffolding features students use and describing how they use them in the context of finding science information related to investigations. In addition, to look at scaffolding interaction, relationships between feature use and student learning were examined. The context of this study was a four-week science investigation conducted by 43 high school biology students. Students worked in dyads to answer driving questions related to their topics of study (e.g., What do the conditions need to be in order for green algae to survive?). It was found that students relied heavily upon Organisational Feature scaffolds (persistent workspace) to help them organise information that was ultimately used by the students to produce domain specific artifacts. In addition, students spent much of their time conducting searches and saving results. However, classroom performance success was only significantly correlated with the use of Organizational Feature scaffolds - scaffolding features that students use to create driving questions, write notes about the information they found as a result of their searches, and keep track of their investigations. No other search tool used by the students possessed this important scaffolding feature. The students did not automatically use Collaborative Features - scaffolding features hypothesised to be powerful cognitive tools.

Lumpe, Andrew T.; Butler, Kyle

2002-08-01

340

Research on a Framework of Information System Strategy Planning Under Supply Chain Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study concerns information technology (IT) and information system strategic planning (ISP), and develops a framework of ISP in supply chain. Previous studies of ISP are related to the methods of enterprise-ISP without considering changes in supply chain. This paper point out that ISP in supply chain should be analyzed in four aspects including strategy, organization, cost and risk, and

Zhao Song-zheng; Sun Yi-ran; Liu Wei; Yin Ming

2007-01-01

341

Mapping the Journey: Developing an Information Literacy Strategy as Part of Curriculum Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article will outline the development of an Information Literacy Strategy in 2009 as part of an overall program of curriculum review and renewal at La Trobe University, Australia. Current information literacy programs at La Trobe University Library employ a diverse range of approaches and delivery methods. However, they are limited in scope…

Salisbury, Fiona; Sheridan, Linda

2011-01-01

342

Mapping the Journey: Developing an Information Literacy Strategy as Part of Curriculum Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will outline the development of an Information Literacy Strategy in 2009 as part of an overall program of curriculum review and renewal at La Trobe University, Australia. Current information literacy programs at La Trobe University Library employ a diverse range of approaches and delivery methods. However, they are limited in scope…

Salisbury, Fiona; Sheridan, Linda

2011-01-01

343

Information-Seeking Strategies, Uncertainty, and Computer-Mediated Communication: Toward a Conceptual Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues existing theory and research on computer-mediated communication (CMC) provide a limited view of information-seeking behavior. Proposes a conceptual model for its examination via CMC and new media. Discusses strategies for seeking social information, and identifies factors influencing their selection from alternatives. Describes two…

Ramirez, Artemio, Jr.; Walther, Joseph B.; Burgoon, Judee K.; Sunnafrank, Michael

2002-01-01

344

A preliminary usability evaluation of strategies for seeking online information with elderly people  

Microsoft Academic Search

This short paper describes an experimental study with elderly users comparing three strategies for seeking online information, Google basic search, the Yahoo! Directory and Google advanced search. The effect of three general usability criteria for the elderly, simplicity, difficulties using the mouse and cautious clicking and reading, on the total search time older people spend seeking complex online information with

Sergio Sayago; Josep Blat

2007-01-01

345

Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free…

Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

2012-01-01

346

Marine Weather Dissemination Systems Study. Volume II. Systems Characterization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Systems for disseminating weather information to marine users are described in detail. Coast Guard and National Weather Service transmitting facilities are listed, giving location, name, call sign, transmitting power, mode and frequency, and antenna heigh...

B. J. Crowe E. Holliman

1971-01-01

347

Confirming Preferences or Collecting Data? Information Search Strategies and Romantic Partner Selection  

PubMed Central

This article investigates two kinds of information search strategies in the context of selecting romantic partners. Confirmatory searching occurs when people ask for more information about a romantic partner in order to validate or confirm their assessment. Balanced searches are characterized by a search for risk information for partners rated as attractive and for attractiveness information about partners rated as risky in order to attain a more complete evaluation. A factorial survey computer program randomly constructed 5 types of partner descriptions and college-age respondents evaluated nine descriptions in terms of both health risk and romantic attractiveness outcomes. The results show little evidence of balanced search strategies: for all vignette types the respondents searched for attractiveness information. Regression analysis of the search outcomes showed no difference between males and females in the desire for attractiveness or risk information, the amount of additional information desired, or the proportion of descriptions for which more information was desired. However, an attractive physical appearance did increase the amount of additional information desired and the proportion of vignettes for which more information was desired. The results were generally inconsistent with a balanced search hypothesis; a better characterization of the respondents' strategy might be “confirmatory bias.”

Hennessy, Michael; Fishbein, Martin; Curtis, Brenda; Barrett, Daniel W.

2010-01-01

348

Information beyond the forum: Motivations, strategies, and impacts of citizen participants seeking information during a consensus conference.  

PubMed

During traditional consensus conferences, organizers control the formal information available to participants-by compiling structured background materials and recruiting expert panelists. Less formally, however, participants are encouraged to bring their own experiences into the deliberations, and in doing so, they often seek outside information. We explore this heretofore understudied phenomenon of information seeking during a deliberative event: the U.S. National Citizens' Technology Forum (2008), which addressed the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science on the potential development of human-enhancement technologies. Through interviews with participants and observation of in-person and online deliberations, we identify outside information-seeking strategies and motivations. Our study demonstrates that conceptualizing models of deliberation as standalone settings of communication exchange ignores the reality of the complex information environment from which deliberative participants draw when making sense of technical issues. Future citizen deliberations must incorporate outside information seeking in the design of the exercises. PMID:23825244

Anderson, Ashley A; Delborne, Jason; Kleinman, Daniel Lee

2012-06-19

349

Combining structured decision making and value-of-information analyses to identify robust management strategies.  

PubMed

Structured decision making and value-of-information analyses can be used to identify robust management strategies even when uncertainty about the response of the system to management is high. We used these methods in a case study of management of the non-native invasive species gray sallow willow (Salix cinerea) in alpine Australia. Establishment of this species is facilitated by wildfire. Managers are charged with developing a management strategy despite extensive uncertainty regarding the frequency of fires, the willow's demography, and the effectiveness of management actions. We worked with managers in Victoria to conduct a formal decision analysis. We used a dynamic model to identify the best management strategy for a range of budgets. We evaluated the robustness of the strategies to uncertainty with value-of-information analyses. Results of the value-of-information analysis indicated that reducing uncertainty would not change which management strategy was identified as the best unless budgets increased substantially. This outcome suggests there would be little value in implementing adaptive management for the problem we analyzed. The value-of-information analyses also highlighted that the main driver of gray sallow willow invasion (i.e., fire frequency) is not necessarily the same factor that is most important for decision making (i.e., willow seed dispersal distance). Value of-information analyses enables managers to better target monitoring and research efforts toward factors critical to making the decision and to assess the need for adaptive management. PMID:22862796

Moore, Joslin L; Runge, Michael C

2012-08-02

350

Rehabilitation in Disseminated Sclerosis  

PubMed Central

The results of rehabilitation have been described and evaluated in a group of 28 patients moderately severely disabled with disseminated sclerosis between the ages of 19 and 71 years and in a controlled hospital setting. Twenty-three suffered chronic progressive disease and five were in remission from an acute exacerbation. They had had the disease an average of 12.7 years and were hospitalized an average of 5.4 months. On admission, 24 required much assistance with their activities of daily living, six had poor control of elimination, and four were depressed. On discharge, 13 cared for themselves with little or no help, four had overcome their problems of elimination, and three had improved emotionally. A major symptom in 13, fatigue, did not preclude successful performance, but a progression of disease or failure to react steadfastly did. None were gainfully employed. Six years after discharge, 18 of 20 were alive and happy at home. ImagesFig. 1

Geisler, W. O.; Jousse, A. T.

1963-01-01

351

Use of marketing to disseminate brief alcohol intervention to general practitioners: promoting health care interventions to health promoters.  

PubMed

Health research findings are of little benefit to patients or society if they do not reach the audience they are intended to influence. Thus, a dissemination strategy is needed to target new findings at its user group and encourage a process of consideration and adoption or rejection. Social marketing techniques can be utilized to aid successful dissemination of research findings and to speed the process by which new information reaches practice. Principles of social marketing include manipulating the marketing mix of product, price, place and promotion. This paper describes the development of a marketing approach and the outcomes from a trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of manipulating promotional strategies to disseminate actively a screening and brief alcohol intervention (SBI) programme to general practitioners (GPs). The promotional strategies consisted of postal marketing, telemarketing and personal marketing. The study took place in general practices across the Northern and Yorkshire Regional Health Authority. Of the 614 GPs eligible for the study, one per practice, 321 (52%) took the programme and of those available to use it for 3 months (315), 128 (41%) actively considered doing so, 73 (23%) actually went on to use it. Analysis of the specific impact of the three different promotional strategies revealed that while personal marketing was the most effective overall dissemination and implementation strategy, telemarketing was more cost-effective. The findings of our work show that using a marketing approach is promising for conveying research findings to GPs and in particular a focus on promotional strategies can facilitate high levels of uptake and consideration in this target group. PMID:11133118

Lock, C A; Kaner, E F

2000-11-01

352

POLYDOC\\/COINDOC: A System for Internal Storage, Retrieval, and Dissemination of Information; COINDOC: What Can it do for You and How does it Work? (Supplementary Paper)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Costly time is wasted in inefficient pursuit of information which is known to exist or that one hopes to find. COINDOC is a tool in the process of indexing storing, retrieving and distributing information from documents, and it can help solve internal information problems. POLYDOC\\/COINDOC is a system developed by Norwegian Centre for Informaties, NSI, as a pack of modul

H. K. Krog

2012-01-01

353

Technical trading strategies and cross-national information linkage: the case of Taiwan stock market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests four prevalent moving average technical trading rules for Taiwan stock markets. More notably, cross-national information from the US stock markets is also incorporated in our technical trading rules to project Taiwan stock market movements. We then design trading strategies and investigate their predictive power over buy-and-hold strategy. Our results suggest that technical trading rules are predictive for

Yung-Ho Chang; Massoud Metghalchi; Chia-Chung Chan

2006-01-01

354

The FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project.  

PubMed

The goal of the FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project (FLAIR-FLOW 3) (1997-2000) was to disseminate R&D results from the EU FAIR programme to small and medium-sized food enterprises (SMEs), health professionals (HPs) and consumer groups (CGs) in 19 European countries. The dissemination routes were: (i) one-page technical documents on research results; (ii) their reproduction on the internet; (iii) their reproduction in journals Europe-wide; (iv) workshops on results from EU-supported food research programmes; and (v) lectures and poster presentations by FLAIR-FLOW network personnel. Of the 135 one-pagers produced, 62% were targeted at SMEs, 18% at HPs and 5% at CGs. The remaining 15% were on food safety and were common to the three target groups. There were 1047 publications arising from one-pages in trade journals, and over 8000 requests (paper route) were received for follow-up information. These were in addition to 240 k downloads from the FLAIR-FLOW 3 web site (www.flair-flow.com). Initiatives for HPs included specially collated versions of the one-pagers for major conferences, 20 focused workshops, and interaction with the European Federation of Associations of Dieticians. Currently, dissemination is continuing through FLAIR-FLOW 4 (2001-2003) in 24 countries. FLAIR-FLOW 4 is co-ordinated by M. Jean François Quillien from INRA-CRIAA (FR) at criaa@rennes.inra.fr. PMID:11894751

Gormley, R

2001-08-01

355

Physicians' communicative strategies in interacting with Internet-informed patients: results from a qualitative study.  

PubMed

This article describes the strategies used by physicians to interact with Internet-informed patients, alongside illustrating the motives underlying such strategies. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a sample of 17 physicians from primary care and medical specialist practices in the Italian part of Switzerland. The sample was diversified in terms of specialty, age, and gender. Data collection and analysis were driven by grounded theory and supported by a computer-assisted qualitative analysis program. A typology of four communicative strategies has been outlined. The adoption of these strategies is shaped by physicians' general attitude toward Internet-informed patients, based on their conception of medical information for lay people through the Internet. However, this general attitude is mediated by doctors' interpretation of the specific communicative context, that is, their appraisal of three aspects: the patient's health literacy, the relevance of the online information to be discussed, and their own communicative efficacy. At the end, the process of interpretation underlying the strategies is discussed to expand on it and to identify implications for practice and research. PMID:22260422

Caiata-Zufferey, Maria; Schulz, Peter J

2012-01-19

356

The Swedish strategy and method for development of a national healthcare information architecture.  

PubMed

"We need a precise framework of regulations in order to maintain appropriate and structured health care documentation that ensures that the information maintains a sufficient level of quality to be used in treatment, in research and by the actual patient. The users shall be aided by clearly and uniformly defined terms and concepts, and there should be an information structure that clarifies what to document and how to make the information more useful. Most of all, we need to standardize the information, not just the technical systems." (eHälsa - nytta och näring, Riksdag report 2011/12:RFR5, p. 37). In 2010, the Swedish Government adopted the National e-Health - the national strategy for accessible and secure information in healthcare. The strategy is a revision and extension of the previous strategy from 2006, which was used as input for the most recent efforts to develop a national information structure utilizing business-oriented generic models. A national decision on healthcare informatics standards was made by the Swedish County Councils, which decided to follow and use EN/ISO 13606 as a standard for the development of a universally applicable information structure, including archetypes and templates. The overall aim of the Swedish strategy for development of National Healthcare Information Architecture is to achieve high level semantic interoperability for clinical content and clinical contexts. High level semantic interoperability requires consistently structured clinical data and other types of data with coherent traceability to be mapped to reference clinical models. Archetypes that are formal definitions of the clinical and demographic concepts and some administrative data were developed. Each archetype describes the information structure and content of overarching core clinical concepts. Information that is defined in archetypes should be used for different purposes. Generic clinical process model was made concrete and analyzed. For each decision-making step in the process where information is processed, the amount and type of information and its structure were defined in terms of reference templates. Reference templates manage clinical, administrative and demographic types of information in a specific clinical context. Based on a survey of clinical processes at the reference level, the identification of specific clinical processes such as diabetes and congestive heart failure in adults were made. Process-specific templates were defined by using reference templates and populated with information that was relevant to each health problem in a specific clinical context. Throughout this process, medical data for knowledge management were collected for each health problem. Parallel with the efforts to define archetypes and templates, terminology binding work is on-going. Different strategies are used depending on the terminology binding level. PMID:22491102

Rosenälv, Jessica; Lundell, Karl-Henrik

2012-01-01

357

Determination of the Consistency of Relevance Judgments and the Reliability of Search Strategies Among Information Specialists for the Aerospace Materials Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability of various Aerospace Materials Information Center (AMIC) information specialists to prepare search strategies for document retrieval was studied by providing ten typical search request statements to seven information specialists. Each specialist prepared search strategies independently. Significant variations occurred among the…

Scheffler, F. L.; March, J. F.

358

Efficient Analysis of Informative Advertising Strategy in E-Commerce Platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informative advertising as one of widespread strategies in e-commerce platforms is used for attracting more agents of different sides on board. In this paper, we build a two-stage model to analyze the efficient of informative advertising on equilibrium prices and profit based on two-sided markets theory. In the case of completely covered agent s' markets, we conclude e-commerce platforms with

Kai Zhang; Xiang-yang Li

2010-01-01

359

Fourth-Grade Researchers: Helping Children Develop Strategies for Finding and Using Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds significant improvements (at both a Title I school and a middle-income school) in fourth-grade students' ability to find and use information after a year of research-strategy instruction that was integrated with the demands of inquiry-based content-area projects, rather than skills taught out of context. (SR)

Dreher, Mariam Jean; Davis, Kathryn Ann; Waynant, Priscilla; Clewell, Suzanne F.

1998-01-01

360

DEVELOPING AN INTEGRATED STRATEGY FOR INFORMATION LITERACY ASSESSMENT IN GENERAL EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Institutions of higher education are increasingly responding to the need to assess student learning. Information literacy courses and programs are not exempt from this trend. Assessment strategies have been developed for a range of settings from small colleges to large university systems. While assessment programs may include institutional or instructor-designed techniques, the integration of these influences has not yet been

Thomas P. Mackey; Trudi E. Jacobson

2007-01-01

361

Calibration, Information, and Control Strategies for Braking to Avoid a Collision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored visual control strategies for braking to avoid collision by manipulating information about speed of self-motion. Participants watched computer-generated displays and used a brake to stop at an object in the path of motion. Global optic flow rate and edge rate were manipulated by adjusting eyeheight and ground-texture size.…

Fajen, Brett R.

2005-01-01

362

Information Withholding as a Manipulative and Collusive Strategy in Nukulaelae Gossip.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the organization and function of information-withholding sequences, a conversational strategy used by participants in gossip interaction on Nukulaelae, a Polynesian Central Pacific atoll. Withholding sequences illustrate how ambiguity and repairs can be exploited to meet the communicative demands of particular interactional contexts. (62…

Besnier, Niko

1989-01-01

363

THE STUDY IN PROMOTION STRATEGY FOR ELECTRONIC BUSINESS OF TAIWAN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to explore the promotion strategy of industrial electronic business in Taiwan's information technology industry. By questionnaire survey, the research found the business strategic dimensions of introducing the electronic business are: (1) enhance the efficiency and service, (2) create the competitive advantage, and (3) maintain the business value system. The research also found the critical

Ming-Kuen Chen; Jong-Chin Shen

2005-01-01

364

Needed Capabilities and Development Strategies for Future Information Professionals: A Malaysian Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of professional leadership of library and information organizations in Malaysia was conducted to gather their perceptions about the trends in the field during the next 10 years, the extent of preparedness of entry-level professionals and the strategies they proposed for an improvement in education and development programmes. A total of 148 top- and middle-managers from 30 organizations, equally

Sajjad ur Rehman; Ahmad Baker Abu Baker; Sheheen Majid

1998-01-01

365

A Hierarchy Fuzzy MCDM Method for Studying Electronic Marketing Strategies in the Information Service Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, the impacts of Electronic Commerce (EC) on the international marketing strategies of information service industries are studied. In seeking to blend humanistic concerns in this research with technological development by addressing challenges for deterministic attitudes, the paper examines critical environmental factors relevant to…

Tang, Michael T.; Tzeng, Gwo-Hshiung

366

The “author pays” model of open access and UK-wide information strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to comment on recent trends in UK information strategy which aim to further the development of a coherent national “author pays” open access (APOA) research publication system. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A description of APOA national policy initiatives, which is put into a wider context by looking at some economic analyses of the principles

Nicholas Joint

2009-01-01

367

Benchmarking as a strategy for managing conflicting stakeholder perceptions of information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes how failures to align information systems (IS) strategies in 18 US companies required IS managers to constantly justify their cost\\/service compromises to various stakeholders — senior executives, business unit managers, and end-users. IS managers tried to influence stakeholder perceptions with ‘soft’ evidence such as successful application projects, user endorsements, and other IS anecdotes. In addition, IS managers

Rudy Hirschheim

1995-01-01

368

Protection of Critical National Information Infrastructure (CNII) against cyber terrorism: Development of strategy and policy framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical National Information Infrastructure (CNII) is crucial to the survivability of a nation that the destruction or disruption of these systems and communication networks would significantly affect the economic strength, image, defense and security, government capabilities to function, and public health and safety. CNII would probably become an attractive target for terrorists. There is a need to have a strategy

Zahri Yunos; Syahrul Hafidz Suid

2010-01-01

369

Needed Capabilities and Development Strategies for Future Information Professionals: A Malaysian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses results of a survey of professional leadership of library and information organizations in Malaysia that was conducted to gather perceptions about the trends in the field during the next 10 years, the extent of preparedness of entry-level professionals, and strategies for improving education and development programs. (Author/LRW)

Rehman, Saijad Ur; Baker, Ahmad Bakeri Abu; Majid, Sheheen

1998-01-01

370

Media, War, and Propaganda: Strategies of Information Management During the 2003 Iraq War  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now widely acknowledged that the Bush administration used faulty and false information to justify the 2003 war on Iraq, and that the mainstream media, by not adequately investigating the case for war, assisted with the project. In this paper, I outline the particular strategies employed by the media–military industrial complex to ensure a dominance of pro-war arguments in

Deepa Kumar

2006-01-01

371

Information management strategies in early adolescence: developmental change in use and transactional associations with psychological adjustment.  

PubMed

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report data (n = 218; 49% female; 49% European American, 47% African American) following Grades 5 (M age = 11 years, 11 months), 6, and 7 show that the use of disclosing strategies (e.g., telling all, telling if asked) following misbehavior declined while use of concealing strategies (e.g., omitting details, keeping secrets, lying) increased over time. Longitudinal links between strategies suggest a transactional process wherein infrequent disclosing is a gateway to concealment but concealment also predicts subsequent rank-order reductions in disclosure. Infrequent disclosing was associated with more subsequent antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms, whereas more antisocial behavior was associated with more subsequent concealment. Although absolute declines in disclosure and increases in concealment are normative, individual differences show that adolescents reporting low levels of disclosure, rather than high levels of concealment, appear to experience the most adjustment problems. PMID:22686172

Laird, Robert D; Marrero, Matthew D; Melching, Jessica A; Kuhn, Emily S

2012-06-11

372

Novel strategies to minimize progeny inbreeding while maximizing genetic gain using genomic information.  

PubMed

In this study, 3 strategies for controlling progeny inbreeding in mating plans were compared. The strategies used information from pedigree inbreeding coefficients, genomic relationships, or shared runs of homozygosity. The strategies were compared for the reduction in genetic gain and progeny inbreeding that would be expected from selected matings, and for the decrease of homozygosity of deleterious recessive alleles. Using real pedigree, genotype [43,115 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers], and estimated breeding value data from Holstein cattle, mating plans were derived for herds of 300 cows with 20 sires available for mating, replicated 50 times. Each of the 300 individuals allocated as dams were matched to 1 of 20 sires to maximize genetic merit minus the penalty for estimated progeny inbreeding, and given the restriction that the sire could not be mated to more than 10% of the cows. The strategy that used a genomic relationship matrix (GRM) was the most effective in reducing average progeny inbreeding; this strategy also resulted in fewer homozygous SNP out of 1,000 low-frequency SNP compared with the strategy using pedigree information. In the future, large numbers of cattle may be genotyped for low-density SNP panels. A GRM constructed using 3,123 SNP produced results similar to a GRM constructed using the full 43,115 SNP. These results demonstrate that using GRM information, a 1% reduction in progeny inbreeding (valued at around $5 per cow) can be made with very little compromise in the overall breeding objective. These results and the availability of low-cost, low-density genotyping make it attractive to apply mating plans that use genomic information in commercial dairy herds. PMID:22192217

Pryce, J E; Hayes, B J; Goddard, M E

2012-01-01

373

Strategy Paper on Efficient and Effective Dissemination Plans for the Information Dissemination System of the Department of Energy's Economiic Regulatory Administration, Office of Utility Systems, Division of Rates and Energy Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Section I, the Introduction, concentrates on the purposes of the DOE/DREM bibliographic energy utility data base consisting of research and experimental studies announced publicly in the Electric and Gas Utility Topics: Current Documents brochures. Dissem...

1982-01-01

374

Disseminated Intra-Abdominal Hydatidosis  

PubMed Central

We present the case of a 26-year-old male Peruvian patient who presented with disseminated intra-abdominal hydatidosis. The patient was treated with surgical removal of the cysts and prolonged medical treatment with albendazole.

Concha, Fatima; Maguina, Ciro; Seas, Carlos

2013-01-01

375

Case for Diagnosis: Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the autopsy of this case, confirmation of the clinically suspected diagnosis of disseminated coccidioidomycosis entailed little difficulty. Microscopic sections disclosed numerous caseating granulomas within which neutrophilic leukocytes and necrotic d...

J. R. Dooley

1973-01-01

376

The Pilot State Dissemination Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed the Pilot State Dissemination Program, undertaken as a try-out of an educational extension and retrieval system on a sufficiently large scale to derive guidelines for future projects at the state level. (Author/RK)

Sieber, Sam D.

1973-01-01

377

Special Reports. Adventures with E-Books: 2001 in Review; Internet Speed, Library Know-How Intersect in Digital Reference; Libraries, Publishers, Authors, Scholars Jointly Explore Internet Publishing Boundaries; Applying the Principles of Intellectual Freedom: A Cross-Cultural Comparison; Dissemination of Government Information; Copyright 2001: Exploring the Implications of Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These five reports discuss electronic books; the Internet speed and digital reference; Internet publishing from the perspectives of libraries, publishers, authors, and scholars; a cross-cultural comparison of intellectual freedom in the United States and Canada; dissemination of government information; and the implications of technology for…

Dillon, Dennis; Rockman, Ilene F.; Valauskas, Edward J.; Haycock, Ken; Mallette, Michelle; Olsen, Anne; Relyea, Harold C.; Oakley, Robert L.

2002-01-01

378

How CEOs use management information systems for strategy implementation in hospitals.  

PubMed

Institutional and market changes seem to force hospitals across the Western world to revitalize their corporate strategies towards more cost efficiency on the one hand, and more flexibility towards customer demands on the other hand. Hospitals, however, apparently differ in the extent to which they are able to implement such strategies effectively. This paper explores whether these different levels of effectiveness depend on how hospitals' top managers' use of the available management information systems (MIS). Based on data obtained from the 218 CEOs of public hospitals in Spain, we analyze how CEOs' professional and educational backgrounds affect their use of MIS, and how the use of the MIS subsequently supports or inhibits the implementation of these strategic goals. The results indicate that CEOs with a predominant clinical background focus more on non-financial information for decision-making and prefer an interactive style of using MIS, which together support flexibility strategies. CEOs with a predominant administrative background seem more effective in establishing cost-reduction strategies, through their larger inclination to emphasize financial information in combination with a diagnostic use of the MIS. Implications for the strategic management of hospitals are outlined. PMID:16781001

Naranjo-Gil, David; Hartmann, Frank

2006-06-14

379

Information for Health. A Strategy for Building the National Health Information Infrastructure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recent events have tragically underscored the need to connect healthcare and public health professionals and the public to sound information-and to each other. The National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCHVHS) hopes this report can prompt the...

2001-01-01

380

Disseminated sporotrichosis mimicking sarcoidosis.  

PubMed

A 40-year-old Caucasian man presented to the dermatology clinic at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, in February 2003, for the evaluation of three nonhealing ulcers. The patient's past medical history was significant for hypothyroidism and pulmonary sarcoidosis, the diagnosis of which was made in June 2000. In March 2000, the patient had complained of cough and shortness of breath. A purified protein derivative (PPD) (Mantoux text) was negative. Computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest revealed diffuse hilar and mediastinal adenopathy and bilateral interstitial and alveolar infiltrates. Although consistent with sarcoidosis, these findings were insufficient to exclude other etiologies, including disseminated fungal infection. Cultures and stains of subsequent bronchoscopy specimens failed to reveal any organisms, and histopathologic evaluation of the specimens was nondiagnostic. Based on the imaging studies and the negative cultures, a diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made, and the patient was started on therapy with prednisone. Before coming to our clinic, the patient had been on several courses of prednisone. In May 2002, the patient had presented to a private dermatologist with a 1-year history of a nonhealing 2.4 cm x 2.0 cm ulcer on the left medial forearm. Two biopsies were reported as nondiagnostic. The patient's presentation was interpreted as most consistent with Mycobacterium marinum infection, and so he was empirically treated with minocycline. This treatment was continued for almost 3 months without improvement in the ulcer. A few months after the minocycline had been discontinued, the patient was treated empirically for 2 months with ciprofloxacin. This treatment was also unsuccessful in ameliorating the ulcer. In between the two courses of antibiotics, specimens from the lesion were sent for bacterial and fungal cultures, which revealed normal skin flora. In January 2003, the patient returned to his private dermatologist with three ulcerations. In addition to the nonhealing ulcer on his left forearm, which he had acquired several months earlier, he had also developed a 3.0 cm ulcer on his right arm and a 3.0 cm ulcer on his central back. The patient refused biopsies at this visit. Given the patient's previous diagnosis of pulmonary sarcoidosis, it was thought that the skin lesions might represent ulcerative cutaneous sarcoidosis. Pyoderma gangrenosum was also considered to be a likely diagnosis. Therefore, the patient was started on a course of oral prednisone, an effective therapy for both sarcoidosis and pyoderma gangrenosum. Despite 1 month of treatment with 60 mg/day of prednisone, the ulcers increased, and the patient was subsequently referred to our clinic. Physical examination at the time of presentation revealed steroid acne on the trunk and upper extremities and three non-tender ulcers with erythematous, undermined borders (Figs 1-3). On the left arm, there was an adjacent nodule which the patient attributed to a scar from a previously healed ulcer. Histologic examination of biopsy specimens from all three sites showed similar findings. The lesion contained diffuse, suppurative, granulomatous, inflammatory infiltrates with extensive central necrosis. The infiltrates were composed of histiocytes, multinucleated foreign-body-type giant cells, plasma cells, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and neutrophil fragments. No organisms were seen in the initial, routinely stained sections. However, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining demonstrated small fungal spores (Fig. 4) morphologically consistent with sporotrichosis, within the cytoplasm of multinucleated histiocytic giant cells (Fig. 5). Additional stains for bacteria and acid-fast organisms were negative. Cultures of the biopsy specimens from all three sites grew Sporothrix schenckii. Further questioning of the patient failed to reveal an obvious source of the infection. The patient denied any history of traumatic skin inoculation and did not engage in gardening or other outdoor activities that are classically associated with sporotrichosis. The patien

Yang, Deborah J; Krishnan, Ravi S; Guillen, David R; Schmiege, Lorenz M; Leis, Paula F; Hsu, Sylvia

2006-04-01

381

Promoting patient engagement with self-management support information: a qualitative meta-synthesis of processes influencing uptake  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Patient information has been viewed as a key component of self-management. However, little attention has been given to methods of dissemination or implementation of effective information strategies. Previous problems identified with the use and implementation of patient information point to the need to explore the way in which patients engage with and use information to support self-management for chronic

Joanne Protheroe; Anne Rogers; Anne P Kennedy; Wendy Macdonald; Victoria Lee

2008-01-01

382

Dissemination of Competitive Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues that competitive intelligence is a vital function and attempts to study how it is distributed, especially by technologies, within organizations. Related topics, the sources of competitive intelligence, and who distributes and receives competitive intelligence, are also addressed. A literature-based study is extended by a quantitative survey of members of the Society of Competitive Information Professionals (SCIP) and

Jane Marin; Alan Poulter

2004-01-01

383

Efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting Services for the Dissemination of Agricultural Information Resources in the Institure for Agricultural Research Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting service for effective organization, storage and retrieval of information resources for agricultural research in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria necessitated examining the situation in Agricultural Library, Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. The study examines the processes, awareness and problems militating against the effective exploitation of the indexing and abstracting services in the Agricultural library established in 1975. The study was conducted ex post facto, data collected span from 2006 ñ 2010. Total sample sizes of 752 patrons and 20,236 intellectually indexed and abstracted resources were involved in the study. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that a total of 644 articles were indexed and abstracted, 35% of these was done in 2010. Results for awareness show 452 (60.11%) to be aware in 2008. A total 584 articles were indexed and abstracted from which 167 (28.59%) was retrieved in 2006. Patrons, 270 (35.90%) attributed the poor use of the service to assumption it is a referral unit. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is significant association between articles indexed and abstracted with information consulted by patrons (?2cal,100.31>?2tab,9.488) at 5% level of probability and df, 4. In conclusion, enormous documents on Nigerian agriculture are indexed and abstracted in the unit, implying that the service is desirous and consistent. The study recommends that the unit should explore the use of modern technology, employ a permanent subject specialist, train and retrain the unit staff as well as intensify it general orientation campaigns to focus on awareness and use of the indexing and abstracting services.

Gabriel, KASA, M.

2012-10-01

384

Formal vs. Informal CSR Strategies: Evidence from Italian Micro, Small, Medium-sized, and Large Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) suggests the need for further exploration into the relationship between\\u000a small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and CSR. SMEs rarely use the language of CSR to describe their activities, but informal\\u000a CSR strategies play a large part in them. The goal of this article is to investigate whether differences exist between the\\u000a formal and

Angeloantonio Russo; Antonio Tencati

2009-01-01

385

Negotiation Strategies with Incomplete Information and Social and Cognitive System for Intelligent Human-Agent Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding the adequate (win-win solutions for both parties) negotiation strategy with incomplete information for autonomous agents, even in one-toone negotiation,\\u000a is a complex problem. Elsewhere, negotiation behaviors, in which the characters such as conciliatory, neutral, or aggressive\\u000a define a ‘psychological’ aspect of the negotiator personality, play an important role. More, learning in negotiation is fundamental for understanding human behaviors as

Amine Chohra; Arash Bahrammirzaee; Kurosh Madani

2010-01-01

386

The variables influencing consumer information search strategies : Christmas shopping in Lebanon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the study is to examine the personal, situational and socio-demographic factors influencing consumer information search strategies whilst Christmas shopping in a religiously-diverse Middle Eastern country: Lebanon. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A structured questionnaire (adopted from Laroche, Saad, Browne, Cleveland, and Kim) was employed as the data collection procedure. Respondents were chosen by systematic random sampling in malls,

Mehmet Haluk Köksal

2011-01-01

387

Spatial problem-solving strategies of middle school students: Wayfinding with geographic information systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a powerful computer software package that emphasizes the use of maps and the management of spatially referenced environmental data archived in a systems data base. Professional applications of GIS have been in place since the 1980's, but only recently has GIS gained significant attention in the K--12 classroom. Students using GIS are able to manipulate and query data in order to solve all manners of spatial problems. Very few studies have examined how this technological innovation can support classroom learning. In particular, there has been little research on how experience in using the software correlates with a child's spatial cognition and his/her ability to understand spatial relationships. This study investigates the strategies used by middle school students to solve a wayfinding (route-finding) problem using the ArcView GIS software. The research design combined an individual background questionnaire, results from the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) test, and analysis of reflective think-aloud sessions to define the characteristics of the strategies students' used to solve this particular class of spatial problem. Three uniquely different spatial problem solving strategies were identified. Visual/Concrete Wayfinders used a highly visual strategy; Logical/Abstract Wayfinders used GIS software tools to apply a more analytical and systematic approach; Transitional Wayfinders used an approach that showed evidence of one that was shifting from a visual strategy to one that was more analytical. The triangulation of data sources indicates that this progression of wayfinding strategy can be correlated both to Piagetian stages of logical thought and to experience with the use of maps. These findings suggest that GIS teachers must be aware that their students' performance will lie on a continuum that is based on cognitive development, spatial ability, and prior experience with maps. To be most effective, GIS teaching strategies and curriculum development should also represent a progression that correlates to the learners' current skills and experience.

Wigglesworth, John C.

2000-06-01

388

Systems Life Cycle: Strategy for Managing the Impact of Information Systems on Nursing  

PubMed Central

The impact of information systems on nursing is profound given that a major component of patient care is information handling. The use of the systems life cycle framework for managing change is a strategy that should employ the nursing administrator's commitment from feasibility study to evaluation of any system implementation. Generally, problems will be encountered during various phases of the systems life cycle that must be anticipated by utilizing planned, flexible interventions to cope with the impact of organizational change. Issues which require a commitment from the nursing profession in assisting administration with supporting patient care in new technological environments will also be explored.

Jacobsen, Teresa J.; Fennell, Steven E.

1983-01-01

389

HIPAA and information security risk: implementing an enterprise-wide risk management strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 effectively establishes a standard of due care for healthcare information security. One of the challenges of implementing policies, procedures, and practices consistent with HIPAA requirements in the Department of Defense Military Health System is the need for a method that can tailor the requirements to a variety of organizational contexts. This paper will describe a self- directed information security risk evaluation that will enable military healthcare providers to assess their risks and to develop mitigation strategies consistent with HIPAA guidelines.

Alberts, Christopher J.; Dorofee, Audrey

2001-08-01

390

Jedi: Extracting and Synthesizing Information from the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jedi (Java based Extraction and Dissemination of Informa- tion) is a lightweight tool for the creation of wrappers and mediators to extract, combine, and reconcile information from several independent information sources. For wrap- pers it uses attributed grammars, which are evaluated with a fault-tolerant parsing strategy to cope with ambiguous grammars and irregular sources. For mediation it uses a simple

Gerald Huck; Peter Fankhauser; Karl Aberer; Erich J. Neuhold

1998-01-01

391

Investigation of High School Students' Online Science Information Searching Performance: The Role of Implicit and Explicit Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to a growing trend of exploring scientific knowledge on the Web, a number of studies have been conducted to highlight examination of students' online searching strategies. The investigation of online searching generally employs methods including a survey, interview, screen-capturing, or transactional logs. The present study firstly intended to utilize a survey, the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), to examine users' searching strategies in terms of control, orientation, trial and error, problem solving, purposeful thinking, selecting main ideas, and evaluation, which is defined as implicit strategies. Second, this study conducted screen-capturing to investigate the students' searching behaviors regarding the number of keywords, the quantity and depth of Web page exploration, and time attributes, which is defined as explicit strategies. Ultimately, this study explored the role that these two types of strategies played in predicting the students' online science information searching outcomes. A total of 103 Grade 10 students were recruited from a high school in northern Taiwan. Through Pearson correlation and multiple regression analyses, the results showed that the students' explicit strategies, particularly the time attributes proposed in the present study, were more successful than their implicit strategies in predicting their outcomes of searching science information. The participants who spent more time on detailed reading (explicit strategies) and had better skills of evaluating Web information (implicit strategies) tended to have superior searching performance.

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Hsu, Chung-Yuan; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2011-04-01

392

Assessing the Role of Information-Processing Strategies in Learning From Local News Media About Sources of Social Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the mediating effects of information-processing strategies on the relationship between use of local news media, informational use of the Internet, and sources of social capital: interpersonal trust, reciprocity, and associational membership. Analyses of a telephone survey data (n = 546) of American adults show that even though local news media were influential, information-processing strategies were more powerful than attention

Kenneth Fleming; Esther Thorson

2008-01-01

393

A Recap of the Sixth Nationwide Vocational Education Dissemination Conference: Disseminating for Tomorrow's Voc Ed. The Proceedings (Columbus, Ohio, November 15-17, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reviews the activities of a conference on "Disseminating for Tomorrow's Voc Ed." The conference featured tools, techniques, information, examples that can be used to promote good dissemination, use of research, and developmental results. Considerable emphasis at the conference was given to topics and activities related to…

Singer, Norman M., Comp.; And Others

394

Enabling Long-Term Oceanographic Research: Changing Data Practices, Information Management Strategies and Informatics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data management and informatics research are in a state of change in terms of data practices, information strategies, and roles. New ways of thinking about data and data management can facilitate interdisciplinary global ocean science. To meet contemporary expectations for local data use and reuse by a variety of audiences, collaborative strategies involving diverse teams of information professionals are developing. Such changes are fostering the growth of information infrastructures that support multi-scale sampling, data integration, and nascent networks of data repositories. In this retrospective, two examples of oceanographic projects incorporating data management in partnership with long-term science programs are reviewed: the Palmer Station Long-Term Ecological Research program (Palmer LTER) and the United States Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (US JGOFS). Lessons learned - short-term and long-term - from a decade of data management within these two communities will be presented. A conceptual framework called Ocean Informatics provides one example for managing the complexities inherent to sharing oceanographic data. Elements are discussed that address the economies-of-scale as well as the complexities-of-scale pertinent to a broad vision of information management and scientific research.

Baker, K. S.; Chandler, C. L.

2008-12-01

395

Dissemination Issues in International Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of 10 studies commissioned to investigate research needs and to stimulate planning activities, this paper conceives the notion of dissemination in international studies as applied to the education of citizens as well as to the ways in which international studies are taught, learned, and administered in formal educational settings. The paper…

Becker, James

396

Acquired immunodeficiency with disseminated cryptococcosis.  

PubMed Central

A 9 year old Portuguese boy presented with severe wasting and a disseminated cryptococcal infection that resolved after massive doses of intrathecal and parenteral antifungal agents. Clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with AIDS. Apart from neonatal blood transfusions, there were no identified risk factors for HTLV III infection.

Pippard, M J; Dalgleish, A; Gibson, P; Malkovsky, M; Webster, A D

1986-01-01

397

Dissemination and Utilization: An Imperative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A well-developed approach to dissemination and utilization (D&U) at the four levels of spread, exchange, choice, and implementation is essential if vocational education research and development (R&D) is to achieve the measurable impact found lacking in a Committee on Vocational Education Research and Development (COVERD) assessment (1956). Federal…

Oliver, J. Dale

398

Study of the strategy and technology for the integrated information platform of 4PL based on collaborative commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collaborative operation of each enterprise of the 4PL based on the integrated information platform. Good integrated strategy and advanced technology accelerate the operation of the integrated information platform. It is the essential for the 4PL to assembles and manages the resources, capabilities, and technology of its own organization. It provides the collective services and environment to eliminate “information isolated

Xuefang Xiu; Jing Zheng

2010-01-01

399

The information management and technology strategy of the UK National Health Service – Determining progress in the NHS acute hospital sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The publication of the United Kingdom National Health Service (NHS) Information for Health Strategy heralded a new strategic focus for the provision of information systems (IS) support across the NHS. Key changes concerned the placement of much greater emphasis on clinical information needs by route of the Electronic Patient Record (EPR) and the Electronic Health Record (EHR). The last decade

David Wainwright; Teresa Waring

2000-01-01

400

A clinical information systems strategy for a large integrated delivery network.  

PubMed Central

Integrated delivery networks (IDNs) are an emerging class of health care institutions. IDNs are formed from the affiliation of individual health care institutions and are intended to be more efficient in the current fiscal health care environment. To realize efficiencies and support their strategic visions, IDNs rely critically on excellent information technology (IT). Because of its importance to the mission of the IDN, strategic decisions about IT are made by the top leadership of the IDN. At Partners HealthCare System, a large IDN in Boston, MA, a clinical information systems strategy has been created to support the Partners clinical vision. In this paper, we discuss the Partners' structure, clinical vision, and current IT initiatives in place to address the clinical vision. The initiatives are: a clinical data repository, inpatient process support, electronic medical records, a portal strategy, referral applications, knowledge resources, support for product lines, patient computing, confidentiality, and clinical decision support. We address several of the issues encountered in trying to bring excellent information technology to a large IDN.

Kuperman, G. J.; Spurr, C.; Flammini, S.; Bates, D.; Glaser, J.

2000-01-01

401

29 CFR 14.20 - Dissemination to individuals and firms outside the executive branch.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...20 Dissemination to individuals and firms outside the executive branch. Request...the executive branch of the Federal Government, provided the information has been originated...Secret information by an individual or firm outside the...

2013-07-01

402

Determining smallholder farmers' preferences for technology dissemination pathways: the case of ‘push–pull’ technology in the control of stemborer and Striga weeds in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

The push–pull technology (PPT) has widely been disseminated to control insect stemborers [Chilo partellus and Busseola fusca] and Striga weeds [Striga hermonthica and Striga asiatica] in maize fields in Kenya. This study examined farmers' preferences for various dissemination pathways in order to proffer better targeting of resources in an optimal dissemination strategy. The pathways considered were public meetings (barazas), radio,

A. W. Murage; D. M. Amudavi; G. Obare; J. Chianu; C. A. O. Midega; J. A. Pickett; Z. R. Khan

2011-01-01

403

ESID, Dissemination, and Community Psychology: A Case of Partial Implementation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dissemination, the second stage of Experimental Social Innovation and Dissemination (ESID) is a critical, if not defining, element of this social change model. This paper attempts to assess the extent to which community psychology has adopted and implemented ESID's dissemination focus in its training and publications. We identify four levels of commitment to dissemination: dissemination advocate, dissemination activist, dissemination researcher,

Denis O. Gray; Susan S. Jakes; James Emshoff; Craig Blakely

2003-01-01

404

Dialogic Strategies in Read-Alouds of English-Language Information Books in a Second-Grade Bilingual Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article shows how various dialogic discourse strategies were used in read-alouds of English science information books in a 2nd-grade bilingual classroom. Using a variety of discursive strategies, Ibett encouraged her Spanish-speaking students to provide explanations and reasoning related to science ideas. Similarly, she used intertextual…

Pappas, Christine C.; Varelas, Maria; Patton, Sofia Kokkino; Ye, Li; Ortiz, Ibett

2012-01-01

405

Employees' Choices in Learning How to Use Information and Communication Technology Systems at Work: Strategies and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to promote the understanding of how employees learn to use information and communication technology (ICT) systems at work. The elements of a learning activity in the context of ICT use are identified from the literature. In particular, approaches to learning, learning strategies and problem-solving strategies are…

Korpelainen, Eija; Kira, Mari

2010-01-01

406

From a Successful Regional Information Society Strategy to an Advanced Living Lab in Mobile Technologies and Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the methodology, tools, action plans and results used in Madeira Island, a peripheral region in the Atlantic, in order to define, create and implement successful knowledge and innovation culture society strategies to drive a sustainable economic development policy. Lessons will be extracted from hands on experience on how to build effective Innovation culture and information society strategies

Alvaro Oliveira; Ermelinda Fradinho; Raul Caires

2006-01-01

407

Effective and Ineffective Coping with Bullying Strategies as Assessed by Informed Professionals and Their Use by Victimised Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What strategies do students use to cope with bullying and how effective are they? Answers to such questions will not only help students understand how they can cope, but also inform school-wide policies and practices to reduce the incidence of bullying. To do this, schools need evidence on what strategies to focus on to most effectively target…

Murray-Harvey, Rosalind; Skrzypiec, Grace; Slee, Phillip T.

2012-01-01

408

Sales Training for Army Recruiter Success: Supplementary Information on Modeling the Sales Strategies and Skills of Excellent Recruiters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a program of research on communication strategies and skills used by excellent Army recruiters. Information to be used for the generation of more effective sales training programs for recruiters was obtained. A linguistic modeling pr...

S. Jacobson

1987-01-01

409

Building a Dissemination Capacity in New Jersey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In New Jersey the Interstate Project on Dissemination (IPOD) has formed the basis for the identification of existing and needed dissemination activities and resources and has facilitated their integration into a State Education Agency (SEA) system respons...

C. Mojkowski J. Picogna

1976-01-01

410

Dissemination of physical activity evidence, programs, policies, and surveillance in the international public health arena.  

PubMed

The concepts of dissemination can be applied to the international challenges of promoting physical activity. With the 2004 release of the World Health Organization Global Strategy for Diet and Physical Activity, risk factor reduction and noncommunicable disease control are of global health interest. A six-step framework is proposed for understanding the attributes of successful international dissemination. These include the development of clear and evidence based resources or innovations, defining the target audience, selecting communication channels, engaging decision makers, and developing evaluation frameworks around dissemination. Four case studies to illustrate aspects of the framework are presented: (1) learning from dissemination of effective tobacco control initiatives, (2) the experience of developing global measures and surveillance systems for physical activity, (3) case study of disseminating the Agita program-an effective community wide intervention, and (4) disseminating the World Health Organization Global Strategy on Diet and Physical Activity. Substantial similarities across the experiences described in these case studies suggest underlying common themes for international dissemination, but developing a stronger evidence base for dissemination efforts remains a research priority. PMID:16979470

Bauman, Adrian E; Nelson, David E; Pratt, Michael; Matsudo, Victor; Schoeppe, Stephanie

2006-10-01

411

On Reliable Dissemination in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliable broadcast is a basic service for many collaborative applications as it provides reliable dissemination of the same information to many recipients. This paper studies three common approaches for achieving scalable reliable broadcast in ad-hoc networks, namely probabilistic flooding, counter based broadcast, and lazy gossip. The strength and weaknesses of each scheme are analyzed, and a new protocol that combines

Vadim Drabkin; Roy Friedman; Gabriel Kliot; Marc Segal

2011-01-01

412

Using the Eyes of Television: A Sourcebook for Disseminators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet presents guidelines for educators in the use of television to disseminate information about their schools or programs. It was designed as a supplement to the "use of television for vocational education teachers and administrators" presentation. Suggestions are offered about the right to use television, approaching the station manager,…

Sims, E. Norman

413

2+2+2 Dissemination Project Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An overview is provided in this three-part final report of a project designed to disseminate information to assist California high schools, Regional Occupation Programs, and colleges in developing and strengthening 2+2+2 programs. Part I reviews the following project objectives: (1) hire a project coordinator and technical assistant; (2) develop…

Sloane, Diana; And Others

414

Disseminating Improved Practices: Are Volunteer Farmer Trainers Effective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper assesses the effectiveness of volunteer farmer trainers in promoting adoption of agricultural technologies in western Kenya. Specifically, the purpose was to assess the type of information they disseminated, farmer trainers' characteristics desirable to farmer trainees, and how trainees evaluate farmer trainers.…

Lukuyu, B.; Place, F.; Franzel, S.; Kiptot, E.

2012-01-01

415

A Mobile Technology Framework for the Dissemination of Cultural Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current research proposes a mobile technology framework in cultural heritage setting for the dissemination of cultural memory among its visitors. The framework studies the complex concept of human memory and attempts to adopt the human information perception, as a learning process, on a mobile framework that will allow their users to interact…

Kammas, Stavros

2009-01-01

416

Selective Dissemination of Microfiche Documents in a University Setting: Phase 1. Final Report. Project CLR-561.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selective dissemination service (SRIM) of the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) features semimonthly dissemination of microfiche copies of documents newly added to the NTIS collection, on the basis of interest profiles. The service was used to test a university subsystem wherein a number of individual profiles were combined and…

Meredith, Joseph C.

417

From innovation to standard practice: Developing and disseminating behavioral procedures  

PubMed Central

This paper proposes a three-stage continuum for discussing the development and dissemination of behavioral technology. At the level of behavioral techniques, researchers need only establish a functional relationship between technologically defined intervention procedures and socially significant target behaviors. Dissemination is conducted for informational purposes only, and the purposes and details surrounding subsequent use of the technique are left to the discretion of the user. At the level of behavioral demonstration, a collection of socially acceptable intervention procedures is refined and standardized and must be shown to produce behavior changes across a number of subjects. Here dissemination is conducted, in large part, to generate support for provision of services. At the level of behavioral models, procedural descriptions must be useroriented. Additionally, model effects must be obtainable by agents not associated with their development and must compare favorably with other treatment or service alternatives. The purpose of dissemination at this level is to obtain adoptions and replications of the model. Details of development and dissemination of behavioral technology at each of these three levels are discussed.

Paine, Stan C.; Bellamy, G. Thomas

1982-01-01

418

Cooperative data dissemination to mission sites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Timely dissemination of information to mobile users is vital in many applications. In a critical situation, no network infrastructure may be available for use in dissemination, over and above the on-board storage capability of the mobile users themselves. We consider the following specialized content distribution application: a group of users equipped with wireless devices build an ad hoc network in order cooperatively to retrieve information from certain regions (the mission sites). Each user requires access to some set of information items originating from sources lying within a region. Each user desires low-latency access to its desired data items, upon request (i.e., when pulled). In order to minimize average response time, we allow users to pull data either directly from sources or, when possible, from other nearby users who have already pulled, and continue to carry, the desired data items. That is, we allow for data to be pushed to one user and then pulled by one or more additional users. The total latency experienced by a user vis-vis a certain data item is then in general a combination of the push delay and the pull delay. We assume each delay time is a function of the hop distance between the pair of points in question. Our goal in this paper is to assign data to mobile users, in order to minimize the total cost and the average latency experienced by all the users. In a static setting, we solve this problem in two different schemes, one of which is easy to solve but wasteful, one of which relates to NP-hard problems but is less so. Then in a dynamic setting, we adapt the algorithm for the static setting and develop a new algorithm with respect to users' gradual arrival. In the end we show a trade-off can be made between minimizing the cost and latency.

Chen, Fangfei; Johnson, Matthew P.; Bar-Noy, Amotz; La Porta, Thomas F.

2010-04-01

419

Data-Informed Decision Making on High-Impact Strategies: Developing and Validating an Instrument for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the authors connect 3 streams of literature to develop an instrument for measuring the degree to which principals engage in data-informed decision making on high-impact strategies that are empirically associated with higher student achievement. The 3 literature streams are (a) the importance of data-informed decision making, (b)…

Shen, Jianping; Cooley, Van E.; Ma, Xin; Reeves, Patricia L.; Burt, Walter L.; Rainey, J. Mark; Yuan, Wenhui

2012-01-01

420

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2010-01-01

421

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2011-01-01

422

Data-Informed Decision Making on High-Impact Strategies: Developing and Validating an Instrument for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors connect 3 streams of literature to develop an instrument for measuring the degree to which principals engage in data-informed decision making on high-impact strategies that are empirically associated with higher student achievement. The 3 literature streams are (a) the importance of data-informed decision making, (b) the…

Shen, Jianping; Cooley, Van E.; Ma, Xin; Reeves, Patricia L.; Burt, Walter L.; Rainey, J. Mark; Yuan, Wenhui

2012-01-01

423

A Monopoly Strategy Developing a New Version of Information Product or Why Microsoft Products Do Not Become Much Better  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper attempts at explaining some of market strategies of monopolies in information product markets. A special case is considered where a particular information product, supplied by a monopoly, has captured a limited market share, or where the overall market is limited by a particular number of users. The only way for the supplier to keep this market share, and

Luba Torlina; Gennadi Kazakevitch

2001-01-01

424

Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

Rivera, William M.

2006-01-01

425

Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

Rivera, William M.

2006-01-01

426

Does the mind map learning strategy facilitate information retrieval and critical thinking in medical students?  

PubMed Central

Background A learning strategy underutilized in medical education is mind mapping. Mind maps are multi-sensory tools that may help medical students organize, integrate, and retain information. Recent work suggests that using mind mapping as a note-taking strategy facilitates critical thinking. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and critical thinking, as measured by the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT), and whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and recall of domain-based information. Methods In this quasi-experimental study, 131 first-year medical students were randomly assigned to a standard note-taking (SNT) group or mind map (MM) group during orientation. Subjects were given a demographic survey and pre-HSRT. They were then given an unfamiliar text passage, a pre-quiz based upon the passage, and a 30-minute break, during which time subjects in the MM group were given a presentation on mind mapping. After the break, subjects were given the same passage and wrote notes based on their group (SNT or MM) assignment. A post-quiz based upon the passage was administered, followed by a post-HSRT. Differences in mean pre- and post-quiz scores between groups were analyzed using independent samples t-tests, whereas differences in mean pre- and post-HSRT total scores and subscores between groups were analyzed using ANOVA. Mind map depth was assessed using the Mind Map Assessment Rubric (MMAR). Results There were no significant differences in mean scores on both the pre- and post-quizzes between note-taking groups. And, no significant differences were found between pre- and post-HSRT mean total scores and subscores. Conclusions Although mind mapping was not found to increase short-term recall of domain-based information or critical thinking compared to SNT, a brief introduction to mind mapping allowed novice MM subjects to perform similarly to SNT subjects. This demonstrates that medical students using mind maps can successfully retrieve information in the short term, and does not put them at a disadvantage compared to SNT students. Future studies should explore longitudinal effects of mind-map proficiency training on both short- and long-term information retrieval and critical thinking.

2010-01-01

427

Information-driven search strategies in the board game of CLUE.  

PubMed

This paper presents an information-driven sensor management problem, referred to as treasure hunt, which is relevant to mobile-sensor applications such as mine hunting, monitoring, and surveillance. The objective is to infer a hidden variable or treasure by selecting a sequence of measurements associated with multiple fixed targets distributed in the sensor workspace. The workspace is represented by a connectivity graph, where each node represents a possible sensor deployment, and the arcs represent possible sensor movements. An additive conditional entropy reduction function is presented to efficiently compute the expected benefit of a measurement sequence over time. Then, the optimal treasure hunt strategy is determined by a novel label-correcting algorithm operating on the connectivity graph. The methodology is illustrated through the board game of CLUE, which is shown to be a benchmark example of the treasure hunt problem. The game results show that a computer player implementing the strategies developed in this paper outperforms players implementing Bayesian networks, Q-learning, or constraint satisfaction, as well as human players. PMID:19174352

Ferrari, Silvia; Cai, Chenghui

2009-01-23

428

Selective Host-Interference Cancellation: A New Informed Embedding Strategy for Spread Spectrum Watermarking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To improve the robustness and transparency of spread spectrum (SS) based watermarking, this paper presents a new informed embedding strategy, which we call selective host-interference cancellation. We show that part of the host-interference in SS-based watermarking is beneficial to blind watermark extraction or detection, and can be utilized rather than removed. Utilizing this positive effect of the host itself can improve the watermark robustness without significantly sacrificing the media fidelity. The proposed strategy is realized by selectively applying improved SS (ISS) modulation to traditional SS watermarking. Theoretically, the error probability of the new method under additive white Gaussian noise attacks is several orders of magnitude lower than that of ISS for high signal-to-watermark ratios, and the required minimum watermark power is reduced by 3dB. Experiments were conducted on real audio signals, and the results show that our scheme is robust against most of common attacks even in high-transparency or high-payload applications.

Zhang, Peng; Xu, Shuzheng; Yang, Huazhong

429

Collective Adoption of Max--Min Strategy in an Information Cascade Voting Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider a situation where one has to choose an option with multiplier m. The multiplier is inversely proportional to the number of people who have chosen the option and is proportional to the return if it is correct. If one does not know the correct option, we call him a herder, and then there is a zero-sum game between the herder and other people who have set the multiplier. The max--min strategy where one divides one's choice inversely proportional to m is optimal from the viewpoint of the maximization of expected return. We call the optimal herder an analog herder. The system of analog herders takes the probability of correct choice to one for any value of the ratio of herders, p<1, in the thermodynamic limit if the accuracy of the choice of informed person q is one. We study how herders choose by a voting experiment in which 50 to 60 subjects sequentially answer a two-choice quiz. We show that the probability of selecting a choice by the herders is inversely proportional to m for 4/3 ? m ? 4 and they collectively adopt the max--min strategy in that range.

Mori, Shintaro; Hisakado, Masato; Takahashi, Taiki

2013-08-01

430

[Two cases of disseminated toxoplasmosis].  

PubMed

Two cases of disseminated fatal toxoplasmosis of a pet mouse and a red panda are described. The pet mouse had a private owner; the red panda lived in a zoological garden in Saxony. At necropsy, both animals suffered from a systemic toxoplasmosis. A severe necrotizing hepatitis was the main histological feature in both animals. Parasitic cysts could be abundantly found in the liver, moderately in the brain and in a low number in other organs. With the PAS-reaction, cysts showed a weak staining in the mouse and a strong staining in the red panda. Diagnosis was confirmed by PCR and immunohistochemistry. PMID:22331331

Stief, B; Kiesow, C; Ellenberger, C

2012-01-01

431

Information management in law enforcement: The case of police intelligence strategy implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategy implementation is important because failure to carry out strategy can cause lost opportunities and leave police officers reluctant to do strategic planning. Lack of implementation creates problems in maintaining priorities and reaching organizational goals. The strategy execution task is commonly the most complicated and time-consuming part of strategic, management. Yet, strategy implementation suffers from a general lack of academic

Peter Bell; Geoff Dean; Petter Gottschalk

2010-01-01

432

An evaluation of two approaches for teaching reading comprehension strategies in the primary years using science information texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are few research studies on the effects of teaching comprehension strategies to young children in the primary grades. Using a Dominant–Less Dominant Mixed Model design employing both qualitative and quantitative data collection, we evaluated two approaches for teaching comprehension strategies to 7- and 8-year-old children in four second-grade classrooms using science information texts. The first approach focused upon explicitly

D. Ray Reutzel; John A. Smith; Parker C. Fawson

2005-01-01

433

Two decades of nutrition assessment in the eastern Mediterranean region: scope, methodologies and dissemination.  

PubMed

Different nutritional disorders prevail at different stages in the life cycle, e.g. growth retardation in the fetus, protein energy deficiency in children, noncommunicable conditions in adults. The scope of nutrition assessment has changed over the past 2 decades. The focus shifted from pregnant and lactating mothers and children, through functional consequences of malnutrition to deficiency disorders. Now the focus is on obesity. Clinical methods of assessment (usually indicators of late-stage malnutrition) have become less important recently although clinical indicators of iodine deficiency and vitamin A deficiency are still useful. The key method now is anthropomorphic measurement, such as weight-for-age or body mass index. All the countries of the Region have nutrition education programmes for dissemination of information and most have drawn up national dietary guidelines applying the strategies that were developed after the 1992 International Conference on Nutrition. PMID:16335756

Moussa, W A

2004-11-01

434

Innovation Dissemination for the Education of Adults (IDEA). Lessons from a Demonstration Project. 9/1/73 - 9/1/75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project IDEA (Innovation Dissemination for the Education of Adults), a 2-year experimental program in the utilization of innovation, was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of a comprehensive strategy for disseminating and facilitating the utilization of selected program innovations in adult education. Implementation of this strategy involved…

Mezirow, Jack; And Others

435

Connecting Network Properties of Rapidly Disseminating Epizoonotics  

PubMed Central

Background To effectively control the geographical dissemination of infectious diseases, their properties need to be determined. To test that rapid microbial dispersal requires not only susceptible hosts but also a pre-existing, connecting network, we explored constructs meant to reveal the network properties associated with disease spread, which included the road structure. Methods Using geo-temporal data collected from epizoonotics in which all hosts were susceptible (mammals infected by Foot-and-mouth disease virus, Uruguay, 2001; birds infected by Avian Influenza virus H5N1, Nigeria, 2006), two models were compared: 1) ‘connectivity’, a model that integrated bio-physical concepts (the agent’s transmission cycle, road topology) into indicators designed to measure networks (‘nodes’ or infected sites with short- and long-range links), and 2) ‘contacts’, which focused on infected individuals but did not assess connectivity. Results The connectivity model showed five network properties: 1) spatial aggregation of cases (disease clusters), 2) links among similar ‘nodes’ (assortativity), 3) simultaneous activation of similar nodes (synchronicity), 4) disease flows moving from highly to poorly connected nodes (directionality), and 5) a few nodes accounting for most cases (a “20?80? pattern). In both epizoonotics, 1) not all primary cases were connected but at least one primary case was connected, 2) highly connected, small areas (nodes) accounted for most cases, 3) several classes of nodes were distinguished, and 4) the contact model, which assumed all primary cases were identical, captured half the number of cases identified by the connectivity model. When assessed together, the synchronicity and directionality properties explained when and where an infectious disease spreads. Conclusions Geo-temporal constructs of Network Theory’s nodes and links were retrospectively validated in rapidly disseminating infectious diseases. They distinguished classes of cases, nodes, and networks, generating information usable to revise theory and optimize control measures. Prospective studies that consider pre-outbreak predictors, such as connecting networks, are recommended.

Rivas, Ariel L.; Fasina, Folorunso O.; Hoogesteyn, Almira L.; Konah, Steven N.; Febles, Jose L.; Perkins, Douglas J.; Hyman, James M.; Fair, Jeanne M.; Hittner, James B.; Smith, Steven D.

2012-01-01

436

Meshing Corporate and Career Development Strategies. (Reannouncement with New Availability Information).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This chapter starts with a brief description of corporate and human resource strategic planning and a more detailed view of career development strategy. Then, a matrix is discussed in which business strategies are matched with the appropriate career devel...

R. F. Morrison

1991-01-01

437

Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options  

PubMed Central

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated.

Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

2012-01-01

438

Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options.  

PubMed

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

2012-04-01

439

Disseminated tuberculosis secondary to adalimumab.  

PubMed

A 62-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis presented with fever (T-103.9°F). Vital signs and physical examination were normal. She was taking adalimumab, methotrexate, and prednisone for the past 9 months. Blood and urine cultures, human immunodeficiency virus, rapid plasma reagin, purified protein derivative, and cerebrospinal fluid test findings were negative. Computed tomography showed scattered 0.2-cm nodules in the lungs and innumerable subcentimeter lesions in the liver and spleen. Broad-spectrum antibiotics were started empirically. Liver biopsy findings revealed necrotizing granulomas and were negative for acid fast bacilli and fungi on staining. As the patient was persistently febrile despite antibiotics, the antibiotics were discontinued, and an antituberculous regimen including INH, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide was initiated empirically on day 40 of hospitalization. Fourteen days after liver biopsy, acid-fast bacilli grew in the tissue culture. Disseminated tuberculosis (TB) was diagnosed. Fever subsided after 1 week of anti-TB treatment. Antitumor necrosis factor alpha therapy in rheumatoid arthritis increases the risk of TB 5-fold. This is mostly as a result of reactivation of latent TB and commonly presents as disseminated TB. It usually occurs in the early stage of treatment. In our patient, the screening test results for TB before initiation of Adalimumab could have been falsely negative due to immunosuppression secondary to steroids. Our case emphasizes that current screening tests can miss latent TB especially in immunosuppressed patients. As it is difficult to diagnose TB with polymerase chain reaction and culture, histopathology should be sought early. Patients on antitumor necrosis factor alpha therapy presenting with fever of unknown origin should be considered for empirical anti-TB treatment regardless of microbiological and tissue diagnosis. PMID:20838203

Pednekar, Manali; Chandra, Abhinav B; Chandra, Preeti A

2012-07-01

440

Using the Internet to Understand Smokers' Treatment Preferences: Informing Strategies to Increase Demand  

PubMed Central

Background Most smokers attempt to quit on their own even though cessation aids can substantially increase their chances of success. Millions of smokers seek cessation advice on the Internet, so using it to promote cessation products and services is one strategy for increasing demand for treatments. Little is known, however, about what cessation aids these smokers would find most appealing or what predicts their preferences (eg, age, level of dependence, or timing of quit date). Objective The objective of our study was to gain insight into how Internet seekers of cessation information make judgments about their preferences for treatments, and to identify sociodemographic and other predictors of preferences. Methods An online survey assessing interest in 9 evidence-based cessation products and services was voluntarily completed by 1196 smokers who visited the American Cancer Society’s Great American Smokeout (GASO) webpage. Cluster analysis was conducted on ratings of interest. Results In total, 48% (572/1196) of respondents were “quite a bit” or “very much” interested in nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), 45% (534/1196) in a website that provides customized quitting advice, and 37% (447/1196) in prescription medications. Only 11.5% (138/1196) indicated similar interest in quitlines, and 17% (208/1196) in receiving customized text messages. Hierarchical agglomerative cluster analysis revealed that interest in treatments formed 3 clusters: interpersonal – supportive methods (eg, telephone counseling, Web-based peer support, and in-person group programs), nonsocial – informational methods (eg, Internet programs, tailored emails, and informational booklets), and pharmacotherapy (NRT, bupropion, and varenicline). Only 5% (60/1196) of smokers were “quite a bit” or “very much” interested in interpersonal–supportive methods compared with 25% (298/1196) for nonsocial–informational methods and 33% (399/1196) for pharmacotherapy. Multivariate analyses and follow-up comparisons indicated that level of interest in pharmacotherapy (“quite a bit or “very much” vs. “not at all”) varied as a function of education (n = 575, ?2 3 =16.6, P = .001), age (n = 528, ?2 3 = 8.2, P = .04), smoking level (n = 514, ?2 3 = 9.5, P = .02), and when smokers were planning to quit (n = 607, ?2 4 = 34.0, P < .001). Surprisingly, greater age was associated with stronger interest in nonsocial–informational methods (n = 367, ?2 3 = 10.8, P = .01). Interest in interpersonal–supportive methods was greater if smokers had used a quitline before (n = 259, ?2 1 = 18.3, P < .001), or were planning to quit earlier rather than later (n = 148, ?2 1 = 4.9, P = .03). Conclusions Smokers accessing the Internet for information on quitting appear to differentiate cessation treatments by how much interpersonal interaction or support the treatment entails. Quitting date, smoking level, and sociodemographic variables can identify smokers with varying levels of interest in the 3 classes of cessation methods identified. These results can potentially be used to more effectively target and increase demand for these treatments among smokers searching the Internet for cessation information.

Abroms, Lorien; Bontemps-Jones, Jeuneviette; Bauer, Joseph E; Bade, Jeanine

2011-01-01

441

Creating Renaissance Employees in an Era of Convergence between Information Technology and Business Strategy: A Proposal for Business Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The electronic commerce environment requires cross-functional managers who understand both information technology (IT) and business strategy. Disciplinary boundaries restrict the flexibility of business schools to provide cross-functional education and training. Schools must integrate IT with other disciplines. (SK)|

Celsi, Richard; Wolfinbarger, Mary

2001-01-01

442

Markov models for evaluating risk-informed in-service inspection strategies for nuclear power plant piping systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of an EPRI sponsored research project to develop technology for risk informed in-service inspection evaluations, new methods and databases were developed to predict piping system reliability. The methods include a Markov modeling technique for predicting the influence of alternative inspection strategies on piping system reliability, and Bayes' uncertainty analysis methods for quantifying uncertainties in piping system reliability parameters.

Karl N. Fleming

2004-01-01

443

The relationship of leadership challenges, corporate strategies, knowledge management and information technology investment among Institutions of higher learning in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite an interest among public and private institutions of higher learning (IHL) in Malaysia in managing information technology investment agenda, there has been very little research that highlights the significant role of strategies and leadership challenges in higher education field which emphasize appropriate IT investment linked to knowledge management issues. In this paper, the researcher integrated theories of knowledge-based view,

Raja Suzana; Raja Kasim

2010-01-01

444

Strategies for positive outcomes: can information technology make a difference in health in Africa.  

PubMed

This chapter looks to the future through the prism of pilot projects well in progress at the time of this writing: use of a malaria electronic tutorial in Mifumi village, development of a mental health electronic tutorial in northern Uganda, and development of an electronic health management system at Tororo Hospital. Each demonstrates a strategy, rooted in African soil, whose ultimate objective is to improve health through IT and medical informatics. The projects connect users, health professionals, and decision-makers, bringing together interdisciplinary teams. These projects all seek to address the question: Can an information and communication technology (ICT) intervention make a difference in morbidity and mortality in African settings? The findings indicate that not only can these interventions be implemented but can be enhanced with community collaboration, making a positive outcome in terms of community adaptation more likely. Finally, this chapter proposes a health informatics center, a Menlo Park for innovation and entrepreneurship in East Africa in which new ICT inventions and interventions for better health can be created from around the region. PMID:19745472

Royall, Julia

2009-01-01

445

Diffusion and dissemination of evidence-based dietary srategies for the prevention of cancer  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose was to determine what strategies have been evaluated to disseminate cancer control interventions that promote the uptake of adult healthy diet? Methods A systematic review was conducted. Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE, PREMEDLINE, Cancer LIT, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, PsycINFO, CINAHL, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists and by contacting technical experts. English-language primary studies were selected if they evaluated the dissemination of healthy diet interventions in individuals, healthcare providers, or institutions. Studies of children or adolescents only were excluded. Results One hundred one articles were retrieved for full text screening. Nine reports of seven distinct studies were included; four were randomized trials, one was a cohort design and three were descriptive studies. Six studies were rated as methodologically weak, and one was rated as moderate. Studies were not meta-analyzed because of heterogeneity, low methodological quality, and incomplete data reporting. No beneficial dissemination strategies were found except one that looks promising, the use of peer educators in the worksite, which led to a short-term increase in fruit and vegetable intake. Conclusions and Implications Overall, the quality of the evidence is not strong and is primarily descriptive rather than evaluative. No clear conclusions can be drawn from these data. Controlled studies are needed to evaluate dissemination strategies, and to compare dissemination and diffusion strategies with different messages and different target audiences.

Ciliska, Donna; Robinson, Paula; Armour, Tanya; Ellis, Peter; Brouwers, Melissa; Gauld, Mary; Baldassarre, Fulvia; Raina, Parminder

2005-01-01

446

Disseminated Human Conidiobolomycosis Due to Conidiobolus lamprauges?  

PubMed Central

We describe a disseminated fungal infection by Conidiobolus lamprauges in a patient with malignant lymphoma. Histopathology and mycological studies were performed, along with molecular analyses. This is the first record of this species causing human disease and the fifth reported disseminated infection by a Conidiobolus sp. in humans.

Kimura, Masatomo; Yaguchi, Takashi; Sutton, Deanna A.; Fothergill, Annette W.; Thompson, Elizabeth H.; Wickes, Brian L.

2011-01-01

447

APS Archive of Teaching Resources: Dissemination: Strategies for Disseminating Your Materials and Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a powerpoint presentation from the 2009 Science Education Partnership Award Project Directors Meeting in St. Paul, MN. This presentation describes what digital resources are, and how to access these types of materials in the APS Archive.

Amy Feuerstein (The American Physiological Society Education)

2009-05-20

448

THE IMPACT OF NON-TECHNICAL FACTORS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY AND E-BUSINESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT strategy and E-business has come to stay as important issues in many organisations. They are developed and implemented for the main purpose of improving, supporting and enabling their business goals and objectives. These requirements for support and enablement of the IT strategy and E-business are increasingly present in many organisations. IT strategy and E-business are breaking old barriers and

Iyamu Tiko; Adelakun Olayele

2008-01-01

449

Informing the public about information and participation strategies in the siting of mobile communication base stations: an experimental study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informing the public and ensuring their participation are considered important characteristics for a successful siting of mobile communication base stations. However, there is only sparse empirical evidence for this presumption. In particular, nothing is known about whether informing people that a siting decision is based on public information and participation activities has any positive effects. The experimental study presented here

Peter M. Wiedemann; Holger Schütz

2008-01-01

450

The Cost-Effectiveness and Value of Information of Three Influenza Vaccination Dosing Strategies for Individuals with Human Immunodeficiency Virus  

PubMed Central

Background Influenza vaccine immunogenicity is diminished in patients living with HIV/AIDS. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness and expected value of perfect information (EVPI) of three alternative influenza vaccine dosing strategies intended to increase immunogenicity in those patients. Methods A randomized, multi-centered, controlled, vaccine trial was conducted at 12 CIHR Canadian HIV Trials Network sites. Three dosing strategies with seasonal, inactivated trivalent, non-adjuvanted intramuscular vaccine were used in HIV infected adults: two standard doses over 28 days (Strategy A), two double doses over 28 days (Strategy B) and a single standard dose of influenza vaccine (Strategy C), administered prior to the 2008 influenza season. The comparator in our analysis was practice in the previous year, in which 82.8% of HIV/AIDS received standard-dose vaccination (Strategy D). A Markov cohort model was developed to estimate the monthly probability of Influenza-like Illness (ILI) over one influenza season. Costs and quality-adjusted life years, extrapolated to the lifetime of the hypothetical study cohorts, were estimated in calculating incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) and EVPI in conducting further research. Results 298 patients with median CD4 of 470 cells/µl and 76% with viral load suppression were randomized. Strategy C was the most cost-effective strategy for the overall trial population and for suppressed and unsuppressed individuals. Mean ICERs for Strategy A for unsuppressed patients could also be considered cost-effective. The level of uncertainty regarding the decision to implement strategy A versus C for unsuppressed individuals was high. The maximum acceptable cost of reducing decision uncertainty in implementing strategy A for individuals with unsuppressed pVL was $418,000 - below the cost of conducting a larger-scale trial. Conclusion Our results do not support a policy to implement increased antigen dose or booster dosing strategies with seasonal, inactivated trivalent, non-adjuvanted intramuscular vaccine for individuals with HIV in Canada. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00764998.

Nosyk, Bohdan; Sharif, Behnam; Sun, Huiying; Cooper, Curtis; Anis, Aslam H.

2011-01-01

451

Engaging By Design: How Engagement Strategies in Popular Computer and Video Games Can Inform Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer and video games are a prevalent form of entertainment in which the purpose of the design is to engage players. Game designers incorporate a number of strategies and tactics for engaging players in "gameplay." These strategies and tactics may provide instructional designers with new methods for engaging learners. This investigation…

Dickey, Michele D.

2005-01-01

452

Computers for All Students: A Strategy for Universal Access to Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report proposes a strategy of putting networked computing devices into the hands of all students at institutions of higher education. It outlines the rationale for such a strategy, the options for financing, the required institutional support structure needed, and various implementation approaches. The report concludes that the resultant…

Resmer, Mark; And Others

453

How CEOs use management information systems for strategy implementation in hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Institutional and market changes seem to force hospitals across the Western world to revitalize their corporate strategies towards more cost efficiency on the one hand, and more flexibility towards customer demands on the other hand. Hospitals, however, apparently differ in the extent to which they are able to implement such strategies effectively. This paper explores whether these different levels of

David Naranjo-Gil; Frank Hartmann

2007-01-01

454

Environmental and spatial characterisation of bacterial community composition in soil to inform sampling strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil physicochemical properties and microbial communities are highly heterogeneous and vary widely over spatial scales, necessitating careful consideration of sampling strategies to provide representative and reproducible soil samples across field sites. To achieve this, the study aimed to establish appropriate sampling methodology and to determine links between the variability of parameters, utilising two sampling strategies. The first (design 1) involved

Kate L. Baker; Silke Langenheder; Graeme W. Nicol; Dean Ricketts; Kenneth Killham; Colin D. Campbell; James I. Prosser

2009-01-01

455

Final Product Strategies in Purchasing and Their Impact on the Information Needs of the Organisation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purchasing contributes significantly to an organization and to its business strategy only if its activities and contracts with suppliers are guided by support criteria for the final products that the organization sells. Outlined in this paper are four innovative purchasing strategies: capitation contracts; product life cycle cost contracts;…

Inbar, David

456

77 FR 11120 - Scientific Information Request on Treatment Strategies for Patients With Peripheral Artery...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contribution is very beneficial to this program. AHRQ is not requesting and will not consider marketing material, health economics information, or information on other indications. This is a voluntary request for information, and all costs...

2012-02-24

457

Identifying strategies to improve access to credible and relevant information for public health professionals: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Movement towards evidence-based practices in many fields suggests that public health (PH) challenges may be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective PH practices is readily available. However, research has shown that many PH information needs are unmet. In addition to reviewing relevant literature, this study performed a comprehensive review of existing information resources and collected data from two representative PH groups, focusing on identifying current practices, expressed information needs, and ideal systems for information access. Methods Nineteen individual interviews were conducted among employees of two domains in a state health department – communicable disease control and community health promotion. Subsequent focus groups gathered additional data on preferences for methods of information access and delivery as well as information format and content. Qualitative methods were used to identify themes in the interview and focus group transcripts. Results Informants expressed similar needs for improved information access including single portal access with a good search engine; automatic notification regarding newly available information; access to best practice information in many areas of interest that extend beyond biomedical subject matter; improved access to grey literature as well as to more systematic reviews, summaries, and full-text articles; better methods for indexing, filtering, and searching for information; and effective ways to archive information accessed. Informants expressed a preference for improving systems with which they were already familiar such as PubMed and listservs rather than introducing new systems of information organization and delivery. A hypothetical ideal model for information organization and delivery was developed based on informants' stated information needs and preferred means of delivery. Features of the model were endorsed by the subjects who reviewed it. Conclusion Many critical information needs of PH practitioners are not being met efficiently or at all. We propose a dual strategy of: 1) promoting incremental improvements in existing information delivery systems based on the expressed preferences of the PH users of the systems and 2) the concurrent development and rigorous evaluation of new models of information organization and delivery that draw on successful resources already operating to deliver information to clinical medical practitioners.

LaPelle, Nancy R; Luckmann, Roger; Simpson, E Hatheway; Martin, Elaine R

2006-01-01

458

Learning Processes of Students in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Relations between Goal Orientations, Information Processing Strategies and Development of Conceptual Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n = 719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires.…

Koopman, Maaike; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Teune, Peter

2011-01-01

459

Data and Information Needs to Stimulate Effective College/City Cooperation for Community Development. Discussion Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essential information needs for potential cooperative efforts between colleges and cities for the 1980s and possible collection and dissemination strategies are considered. It is suggested that less federal funding will be available, and that state and local governments will probably be the primary supporters of urban projects. In addition to…

Coldren, Sharon L.; And Others

460

Eye tracking users of a visual diagnostic clinical decision support system to discover decision-making strategies and to inform user interface design.  

PubMed

Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) assist physicians and other medical professionals in tasks such as differential diagnosis. End users may use different decision-making strategies depending on medical training. Study of eye movements reveals information processing strategies that are executed at a level below consciousness. Eye tracking of student physician assistants and medical residents, while using a visual diagnostic CDSS in diagnostic tasks, showed adoption of distinct strategies and informed recommendations for effective user interface design. PMID:18999126

Haake, Anne R; Pelz, Jeff B; Smagner, Jessica; Colombo, Daniel; Lindsay, Laura; Papier, Art

2008-11-06

461

The problem of dissemination: evidence and ideology.  

PubMed

This paper recontextualises research evidence as an example of textually-based social control. It does this by drawing on two areas of theoretical literature; feminist literary theory and the sociology of scientific knowledge. Accounts of literary works as ideological instruments of social control suggest that (at least some kinds of) research literature may fulfil a similar role among a clinical readership. There have also been compelling accounts of scientific writing as expressions of desire on the part of one group to 'act at a distance' upon others. In the light of this literature, it becomes less tenable to see research dissemination as the simple transfer of information, supplemented by organisational work. Research is implicated in the attempt by one group to enrol others in its own project and in the (self-)construction of the identities of the healthcare worker. The accounts that literary theory can provide do not remain focused upon the text, but draw links between the reading process and the experience and place in society, for example the gender, of the writer and reader. As such their explanations create a space for the resisting reader. PMID:10795272

Traynor, M

1999-09-01

462

Information-seeking strategies and science content understandings of sixth-grade students using on-line learning environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the information-seeking strategies and science content understandings learners developed as a result of using on-line resources in the University of Michigan Digital Library and on the World Wide Web. Eight pairs of sixth grade students from two teachers' classrooms were observed during inquiries for astronomy, ecology, geology, and weather, and a final transfer task assessed learners' capabilities at the end of the school year. Data included video recordings of students' screen activity and conversations, journals and completed activity sheets, final artifacts, and semi-structured interviews. Learners' information-seeking strategies included activities related to asking, planning, tool usage, searching, assessing, synthesizing, writing, and creating. Analysis of data found a majority of learners posed meaningful, openended questions, used technological tools appropriately, developed pertinent search topics, were thoughtful in queries to the digital library, browsed sites purposefully to locate information, and constructed artifacts with novel formats. Students faced challenges when planning activities, assessing resources, and synthesizing information. Possible explanations were posed linking pedagogical practices with learners' growth and use of inquiry strategies. Data from classroom-lab video and teacher interviews showed varying degrees of student scaffolding: development and critique of initial questions, utilization of search tools, use of journals for reflection on activities, and requirements for final artifacts. Science content understandings included recalling information, offering explanations, articulating relationships, and extending explanations. A majority of learners constructed partial understandings limited to information recall and simple explanations, and these occasionally contained inaccurate conceptualizations. Web site design features had some influence on the construction of learners' content understandings. Analysis of data suggests sites with high quality general design, navigation, and content helped to foster the construction of broad and accurate understandings, while context and interactivity had less impact. However, student engagement with inquiry strategies had a greater impact on the construction of understandings. Gaining accurate and in-depth understandings from on-line resources is a complex process for young learners. Teachers can support students by helping them engage in all phases of the information-seeking process, locate useful information with prescreened resources, build background understanding with off-line instruction, and process new information deeply through extending writing and conversation.

Hoffman, Joseph Loris

1999-11-01

463

University Staff Perspectives on Change Management Strategies in Student Information System Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of information technology adoption and use is critical to deriving benefits of information technology. Thus, one of the most challenging issues in information systems research is to understand how people have experienced the adoption process that may lead to insights to why they accept or reject the information technology (Davis,…

Tsang-Kosma, Winnie W.

2010-01-01

464

Sex Fairness in Education Divison Communications, Products and Dissemination Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These papers grew out of a desire to follow up recommendations made in 1972 by an internal Office of Education Task Force. The Task Force report documented discrimination against women throughout the nation's education system and made 33 recommendations for change in U.S. Office of Education practices. A follow-up report in 1975 found that little…

Women on Words and Images, Princeton, NJ.

465

Bean Seed Dissemination Systems in Malawi: A Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Farmers have shown considerable interest in purchasing seed of newly released dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties in Malawi. However, this seed is not available on a large scale to farmers at present. The private seed sector in the country is not interested in bean seed production due to low profit margins. As a self-pollinating crop, once farmers have obtained

Rowland M. Chirwa; Vas D. Aggarwal

2000-01-01

466

Automation strategy and results for an airbase command and control information system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Automation of the information supply for command and control for the preparation and deployment of weapons systems at airbases is discussed. The experiments in the operational environment prove that the use of automation tools with respect to information supply improves the integrity of the information and facilitates mission preparation. Bottlenecks with respect to the vulnerability characteristics of computers must be eliminated to improve the resistance of electronic information system. Automation offers more possibilities to improve the information handling rate, especially the extension of the decision and information handling support; condensation and upgrading of information; and knowledge engineering.

Demoel, R. P.; Vandranen, W. N.

1986-01-01

467

Climate Change: A Coordinated Strategy Could Focus Federal Geoengineering Research and Inform Governance Efforts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Policymakers have raised questions about geoengineering--large-scale deliberate interventions in the earth's climate system to diminish climate change or its impacts--and its role in a broader strategy of mitigating and adapting to climate change. Most ge...

2010-01-01

468

Performance Impacts of Strategy, Information Technology Applications, and Business Process Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

his paper develops a conceptual model to study the role of outsourcing strategies and plant-level information technology (IT) application infrastructure in the outsourcing of production and support business processes, as well as their subsequent impact on overall plant performance. We validate this model empirically using cross-sectional survey data from U.S. manufacturing plants. We find that some IT applications are more

Indranil Bardhan; Sunil Mithas; Shu Lin

2009-01-01

469

Improved mapping strategy to better inform policy on the control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Sierra Leone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) are endemic in Sierra Leone confirmed by national mapping in 2008.\\u000a To better inform planning of preventive chemotherapy strategy, another survey was conducted before mass drug administration\\u000a (MDA) in seven districts according to the mapping results or local knowledge. Fifty-nine chiefdoms and one school in every\\u000a chiefdom were selected. Thirty school children aged 9-14 years

Mary Hodges; Nsa Dada; Anna Wamsley; Jusufu Paye; Emanuel Nyorkor; Mustapha Sonnie; Guy Barnish; Moses Bockarie; Yaobi Zhang

2011-01-01

470

Hot topic: Effect of breeding strategies using genomic information on fitness and health.  

PubMed

A complex deterministic approach was used to model the breeding goal and breeding structure for the Austrian Fleckvieh (dual-purpose Simmental) breed. The reference breeding goal corresponded to the current total merit index (TMI-R), where dairy traits have a relative weight of 37.9% and fitness traits of 43.7% (beef traits 16.5%; milkability 2%). The breeding program was characterized by 280,000 cows under performance recording, 3,200 bull dams, 100 test bulls with a test capacity of 25%, and 15 proven bulls and 8 bull sires per year. The annual monetary genetic gain (AMGG) was generated mainly by increases in milk fat and milk protein yield (80.6%) and only to a small extent by fitness traits (6.6%). The inclusion of direct health traits (early reproductive disorders, cystic ovaries, and mastitis) with their economic weights increased the relative AMGG for fitness traits from 6.6 to 11.2%. The presently slightly negative AMGG for fertility index and udder health changed in a positive direction. Increasing the weight on the direct health traits by 50% resulted in a further shift toward fitness and health. The effect of strategies using genomic information in a total merit index (TMI) with varying weights on fitness and health traits was also analyzed. The conventional progeny-testing scheme was defined as the reference breeding program. A breeding program was considered to be genomically enhanced (GS50) when 50% of inseminations of herdbook cows and of bull dams were from young bulls with a genomic TMI, and a second program (GS100) did not rely on progeny-tested bulls at all. For GS50, a clear shift of the relative gain in AMGG toward fitness and health traits was observed for all 3 TMI scenarios, as a result of larger progeny groups and a shorter generation interval. For GS100, where no gene flow from progeny-tested bulls was assumed, the genetic gain per generation was lower for the fertility and udder health index but higher per year. The results based on natural genetic gain per year showed that no positive genetic response for fertility and udder health index were achieved for TMI-R (without the inclusion of direct health traits) in GS50 and GS100. The direction of the genetic trend was determined by the weights given to fertility and udder health indices within the TMI. When appropriate weights generated a clear positive trend, GS50 and GS100 reinforced this trend. PMID:22818475

Egger-Danner, C; Willam, A; Fuerst, C; Schwarzenbacher, H; Fuerst-Waltl, B

2012-08-01

471

Effectiveness and cost of different strategies for information feedback in general practice.  

PubMed Central

AIM. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and relative cost of three forms of information feedback to general practices--graphical, graphical plus a visit by a medical facilitator and tabular. METHOD. Routinely collected, centrally-held data were used where possible, analysed at practice level. Some non-routine practice data in the form of risk factor recording in medical notes, for example weight, smoking status, alcohol consumption and blood pressure, were also provided to those who requested it. The 52 participating practices were stratified and randomly allocated to one of the three feedback groups. The cost of providing each type of feedback was determined. The immediate response of practitioners to the form of feedback (acceptability), ease of understanding (intelligibility), and usefulness of regular feedback was recorded. Changes introduced as a result of feedback were assessed by questionnaire shortly after feedback, and 12 months later. Changes at the practice level in selected indicators were also assessed 12 and 24 months after initial feedback. RESULTS. The resulting cost per effect was calculated to be 46.10 pounds for both graphical and tabular feedback, 132.50 pounds for graphical feedback plus facilitator visit and 773.00 pounds for the manual audit of risk factors recorded in the practice notes. The three forms of feedback did not differ in intelligibility or usefulness, but feedback plus a medical facilitator visit was significantly less acceptable. There was a high level of self-reported organizational change following feedback, with 69% of practices reporting changes as a direct result; this was not significantly different for the three types of feedback. There were no significant changes in the selected indicators at 12 or 24 months following feedback. The practice characteristic most closely related to better indicators of preventive practice was practice size, smaller practices performing significantly better. Separate clinics were not associated with better preventive practice. CONCLUSION. It is concluded that feedback strategies using graphical and tabular comparative data are equally cost-effective in general practice with about two thirds of practices reporting organizational change as a consequence; feedback involving unsolicited medical facilitator visits is less cost-effective. The cost-effectiveness of manual risk factor audit is also called into question.

Szczepura, A; Wilmot, J; Davies, C; Fletcher, J

1994-01-01

472

Functional Genomics Identifies Drivers of Medulloblastoma Dissemination  

PubMed Central

Medulloblastomas are malignant brain tumors that arise in the cerebellum in children and disseminate via the cerebrospinal fluid to the leptomeningeal spaces of the brain and spinal cord. Challenged by the poor prognosis for patients with metastatic dissemination, pediatric oncologists have developed aggressive treatment protocols, combining surgery, craniospinal radiation, and high-dose chemotherapy that often cause disabling neurotoxic effects in long-term survivors. Insights into the genetic control of medulloblastoma dissemination have come from transposon insertion mutagenesis studies. Mobilizing the Sleeping Beauty transposon in cerebellar neural progenitor cells caused widespread dissemination of typically nonmetastatic medulloblastomas in Patched+/? mice, in which Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling is hyperactive. Candidate metastasis genes were identified by sequencing the insertion sites and then mapping these sequences back to the mouse genome. To determine whether genes located at transposon insertion sites directly caused medulloblastomas to disseminate, we overexpressed candidate genes in Nestin+ neural progenitors in the cerebella of mice by retroviral transfer in combination with Shh. We show here that ectopic expression of Eras, Lhx1, Ccrk, and Akt shifted the in vivo growth characteristics of Shh-induced medulloblastomas from a localized pattern to a disseminated pattern in which tumor cells seeded the leptomeningeal spaces of the brain and spinal cord.

Mumert, Michael; Dubuc, Adrian; Wu, Xiaochong; Northcott, Paul A.; Chin, Steven S.; Pedone, Carolyn A.; Taylor, Michael D.; Fults, Daniel W.

2012-01-01

473

Functional genomics identifies drivers of medulloblastoma dissemination.  

PubMed

Medulloblastomas are malignant brain tumors that arise in the cerebellum in children and disseminate via the cerebrospinal fluid to the leptomeningeal spaces of the brain and spinal cord. Challenged by the poor prognosis for patients with metastatic dissemination, pediatric oncologists have developed aggressive treatment protocols, combining surgery, craniospinal radiation, and high-dose chemotherapy, that often cause disabling neurotoxic effects in long-term survivors. Insights into the genetic control of medulloblastoma dissemination have come from transposon insertion mutagenesis studies. Mobilizing the Sleeping Beauty transposon in cerebellar neural progenitor cells caused widespread dissemination of typically nonmetastatic medulloblastomas in Patched(+/-) mice, in which Shh signaling is hyperactive. Candidate metastasis genes were identified by sequencing the insertion sites and then mapping these sequences back to the mouse genome. To determine whether genes located at transposon insertion sites directly caused medulloblastomas to disseminate, we overexpressed candidate genes in Nestin(+) neural progenitors in the cerebella of mice by retroviral transfer in combination with Shh. We show here that ectopic expression of Eras, Lhx1, Ccrk, and Akt shifted the in vivo growth characteristics of Shh-induced medulloblastomas from a localized pattern to a disseminated pattern in which tumor cells seeded the leptomeningeal spaces of the brain and spinal cord. PMID:22875024

Mumert, Michael; Dubuc, Adrian; Wu, Xiaochong; Northcott, Paul A; Chin, Steven S; Pedone, Carolyn A; Taylor, Michael D; Fults, Daniel W

2012-08-08

474

Effect of information provisioning on attitude toward surgical castration of male piglets and alternative strategies for avoiding boar taint.  

PubMed

Pork consumers know little about boar taint and the methods used to avoid it. As such, relevant information is necessary to assist consumers to judge the acceptability of different strategies to avoid boar taint. The effect of basic (T1) or extensive (T2) written information or T2 with supplementary audio-visual information (AV) on the opinion concerning immunocastration (IC), raising entire male pigs (EM) and surgical castration with anaesthesia (SA) as compared to castration without anaesthesia (SC) was investigated in a student population. Overall, IC was significantly preferred over SC. The information condition influenced the preference for IC and EM as compared to SC. Participants exposed to AV were more positive to IC than participants exposed to T1 and T2, and more positive to EM than participants exposed to T2. The impact of information condition was not affected by gender, farming experience, knowledge about the boar taint issue or personal relevance of pig welfare. Potential effects of providing background information and media campaigns on public surveys ought to be considered. Supplementary audio-visual information increased the impact of information provisioning. PMID:21300388

Tuyttens, Frank A M; Vanhonacker, Filiep; Langendries, Karolien; Aluwé, Marijke; Millet, Sam; Bekaert, Karen; Verbeke, Wim

2011-02-05

475

How to Implement National Information Sharing Strategy: Detailed Elements of the Evolutionary Management Approach Required.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data sharing is today's principal Information Technology challenge. All sectors--commercial, government, academic, and military--seek improved information exchange to achieve operational benefits, whether in the form of greater profits, improved situation...

C. Blais D. Brutzman J. M. Pullen R. Hayes-Roth

2008-01-01

476

Channel of Distribution Strategy in the Marketing of Two Information Systems: A Comparative Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is exploratory in nature. The major research question to be investigated was: Does traditional marketing channel theory developed for physical products still apply for the marketing of information or information services. In addition, several s...

J. M. Comer A. K. Chakrabarti

1975-01-01

477

Learning Strategies and Motivational Factors Predicting Information Literacy Self-Efficacy of E-Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid increase in information sources in different formats, developments in technology and need for lifelong learning have drawn increased attention to needs for information literacy. Although information literacy is significant for students of all educational levels, it has become even more significant for e-learners. Therefore, this study…

Kilic-Cakmak, Ebru

2010-01-01

478

Learning Strategies and Motivational Factors Predicting Information Literacy Self-Efficacy of E-Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rapid increase in information sources in different formats, developments in technology and need for lifelong learning have drawn increased attention to needs for information literacy. Although information literacy is significant for students of all educational levels, it has become even more significant for e-learners. Therefore, this study…

Kilic-Cakmak, Ebru

2010-01-01

479

Finding the "Right" Information: A Search Strategy. Keys to Community Involvement Series: 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whether it is needed for long-range planning or immediate problem-solving, information is inevitably critical to community groups and leaders. This booklet is for individuals and groups who are faced with a need for finding the "right" information for discussion and decision-making. The booklet describes an overall approach to information-seeking…

Hunter, Carolyn

480

HIV vaccine acceptability and culturally appropriate dissemination among sexually diverse Aboriginal peoples in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored HIV vaccine acceptability and strategies for culturally appropriate dissemination among sexually diverse Aboriginal peoples in Canada, among those at highest HIV risk. We conducted four focus groups (n=23) with Aboriginal male (1) and female (1) service users, peer educators (1) and service providers (1) in Ontario, Canada. Transcripts were analysed with narrative thematic techniques from grounded theory,

P. A. Newman; M. R. Woodford; C. Logie

2012-01-01