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1

Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among…

Oo, Htun Naing; Sutheerawatthana, Pitch; Minato, Takayuki

2010-01-01

2

Large-Scale Cooperative Dissemination of Governmental Information in Emergency — An Experiment and Future Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the 11th of March, 2011, a massive earthquake hit the northeast region of Japan. The government of Japan needed to publish information regarding the earthquake and its influences. However, their capacity of Web services overflowed. They called the industry and academia for help for providing stable information service to the people. Industry and academia formed a team to answer the call and named themselves the “EQ project”. This paper describes how the EQ Project was organized and operated, and gives analyses of the statistics. An academic organization took the lead in the EQ Project. Ten organizations which consisted of commercial IT industry and academics specialized in Internet technology, were participating in the EQ Project and they structured the three clusters based on their relationships and technological approach. In WIDE Cluster, one of three clusters in the structure of EQ, the peak number of file accesses per day was over 90 thousand, the mobile browsers was 3.4% and foreign languages (translated contents) were referred 35%. We have also discussed the future information distribution strategies in emergency situation based on the experiences of the EQ Project, and proposed nine suggestions to the MEXT as a future strategy.

Horiba, Katsuhiro; Okawa, Keiko; Murai, Jun

3

Kentucky Information Dissemination System. Fall Dissemination Conference Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing a state conference on information dissemination held in November 1979 in Frankfort, Kentucky, this report contains conference materials and evaluations of the mini-seminars and awareness sessions conducted there. Materials include a final agenda, seminar and roundabout topics, a description of the Kentucky Department of Education…

Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort. Office of Communication Services.

4

Groupware: Improving Group Communication and Information Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faced with increased public expectations and decreased funding, the Hawaii Department of Education chose Lotus Notes groupware technology as an efficient means to support statewide collaboration and information dissemination among 4,200 users in 231 schools. Although initially resistant, respondents to a year-end evaluation of the project in one…

Saka, Thomas; Shiigi, Clyde

1996-01-01

5

Disseminating information to stem infection.  

PubMed

Nurses need to be well informed about the Ebola virus, how it is spread and transmitted, how they can protect themselves, and above all, how to put on and take off the personal protective equipment. PMID:25585771

McMahon, Meab; Lange-Chenier, Hanna; Rodrigo, Poorna

2015-01-14

6

Geothermal Information Dissemination and Outreach  

SciTech Connect

Project Purpose To enhance technological and topical information transfer in support of industry and government efforts to increase geothermal energy use in the United States (power production, direct use, and geothermal groundsource heat pumps). Project Work GRC 2003 Annual Meeting. The GRC convened the meeting on Oct. 12-15, 2003, at Morelia's Centro de Convenciones y ExpoCentro in Mexico under the theme, International Collaboration for Geothermal Energy in the Americas. The event was also sponsored by the Comision Federal de Electricidad. ~600 participants from more than 20 countries attended the event. The GRC convened a Development of Geothermal Projects Workshop and Geothermal Exploration Techniques Workshop. GRC Field Trips included Los Azufres and Paricutin Volcano on Oct. 11. The Geothermal Energy Association (Washington, DC) staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Annual Meeting Opening Session was convened on Oct. 13, and included the governor of Michoacan, the Mexico Assistant Secretary of Energy, CFE Geothermal Division Director, DOE Geothermal Program Manager, and private sector representatives. The 2003 Annual Meeting attracted 160 papers for oral and poster presentations. GRC 2004. Under the theme, Geothermal - The Reliable Renewable, the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting convened on Aug. 29-Sept. 1, 2004, at the Hyatt Grand Champions Resort at Indian Wells, CA. Estimated total attendance (including Trade Show personnel, guests and accompanying persons) was ~700. The event included a workshop, Geothermal Production Well Pump Installation, Operation and Maintenance. Field trips went to Coso/Mammoth and Imperial Valley/Salton Sea geothermal fields. The event Opening Session featured speakers from the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the private sector. The Geothermal Energy Association staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Geothermal Education Office staged its Geothermal Energy Workshop. Several local radio and TV station interviews were conducted during the event. Technical Program included 136 technical papers. All were published in Volume 28 of the GRC Transactions. Volume 28, GRC Transactions Pblished as a high-quality, durable casebound volume, Volume 28 of the Transactions published 119 out of 136 technical papers (692 pp) presented at the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting. The papers were submitted by geothermal experts and professionals from around the world. The papers were reviewed over a 2-day period by 25 volunteer (in-kind) geothermal experts from the private sector and DOE National Laboratories. GRC staff received and cataloged the papers, and maintained interaction with authors for revisions and corrections. DOE Geothermal Technologies Newsletter The Office of Geothermal Technologies quarterly newsletter, Geothermal Technologies, is produced at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This 2-color, 4- to 16-page newsletter summarizes federal geothermal research and development projects and other DOE geothermal news. The GRC receives newsletter disk copy and color-key proof from NREL for each newsletter, then follows through with print production and distribution. Circulation is 1,000 per issue (plus 300 copies of the newsletter shipped to NREL for internal and public distribution). During the project period, the GRC printed, stitched and bound the Geothermal Technologies newsletter into the Sept/Oct 2003, Jan/Feb 2004, and May/June 2004 editions of the GRC Bulletin. Multiple copies (300) of the newsletter sans magazine were provided to NREL for internal DOE distribution. GRC Geothermal Research Library The GRC has built the largest and most comprehensive library in the world devoted to geothermal energy. The GRC Geothermal Library provides rapid accessibility to the majority of technical literature crafted over the past 30 years, and preserves hard copy and on-line databases for future use by geothermal researchers and developers. A bibliography for over half of the physical library's citations is available through keyword search on the GRC web site (www.geothe

Ted J. Clutter, Geothermal Resources Council Executive Director

2005-02-18

7

Rapid weather information dissemination in Florida  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of the Florida Agricultural Services and Technology (FAST) plan to provide ports for users to call for weather information is described. FAST is based on the Satellite Frost Forecast System, which makes a broad base of weather data available to its users. The methods used for acquisition and dissemination of data from various networks under the FAST plan are examined. The system provides color coded IR or thermal maps, precipitation maps, and textural forecast information. A diagram of the system is provided.

Martsolf, J. D.; Heinemann, P. H.; Gerber, J. F.; Crosby, F. L.; Smith, D. L.

1984-01-01

8

Hydrogen Technical Analysis -- Dissemination of Information  

SciTech Connect

SENTECH is a small energy and environmental consulting firm providing technical, analytical, and communications solutions to technology management issues. The activities proposed by SENTECH focused on gathering and developing communications materials and information, and various dissemination activities to present the benefits of hydrogen energy to a broad audience while at the same time establishing permanent communications channels to enable continued two-way dialog with these audiences in future years. Effective communications and information dissemination is critical to the acceptance of new technology. Hydrogen technologies face the additional challenge of safety preconceptions formed primarily as a result of the crash of the Hindenburg. Effective communications play a key role in all aspects of human interaction, and will help to overcome the perceptual barriers, whether of safety, economics, or benefits. As originally proposed SENTECH identified three distinct information dissemination activities to address three distinct but important audiences; these formed the basis for the task structure used in phases 1 and 2. The tasks were: (1) Print information--Brochures that target the certain segment of the population and will be distributed via relevant technical conferences and traditional distribution channels. (2) Face-to-face meetings--With industries identified to have a stake in hydrogen energy. The three industry audiences are architect/engineering firms, renewable energy firms, and energy companies that have not made a commitment to hydrogen (3) Educational Forums--The final audience is students--the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. SENTECH will expand on its previous educational work in this area. The communications activities proposed by SENTECH and completed as a result of this cooperative agreement was designed to compliment the research and development work funded by the DOE by presenting the technical achievements and validations of hydrogen energy technologies to non-traditional audiences. These activities were also designed to raise the visibility of the DOE Hydrogen Program to new audiences and to help the program continue to advance its mission and vision. We believe that the work conducted under this cooperative agreement was successful at meeting the objectives presented and funded over the period of performance. During Phase 1, SENTECHs activities resulted in the development and distribution of two glossy brochures that target the on-site distributed generation and public transit markets for hydrogen energy technologies; face-to-face industry outreach meetings with various firms with an interest in hydrogen energy, but who may not have made a commitment to be involved; and implementation of two educational forums on hydrogen for students - the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. The educational forums were conducted with in-kind cost-shared contributions from NHA and Dr. Robert Reeves, Professor Emeritus, Rensealler During Phase 2, SENTECH activities initially were focused on the development of additional brochures and the development of a series of training modules. This set of information dissemination activities built on the experience demonstrated in our phase one activities, and focused the effort within two critical issue areas facing the development of hydrogen as an energy carrier--effective communications and information dissemination on codes and standards. SENTECH joined with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to scope out the training modules and identified a series of 12 that could be used to train a variety of audiences. The NFPA is an international nonprofit corporation, which has developed a reputation as a worldwide leader in providing fire, electrical, and life safety to the public since 1896. Its membership totals more than 75,000 individuals from around the world and in more than 80 national trade and professional organizations.

George Kervitsky, Jr.

2006-03-20

9

Optimal control of epidemic information dissemination over networks.  

PubMed

Information dissemination control is of crucial importance to facilitate reliable and efficient data delivery, especially in networks consisting of time-varying links or heterogeneous links. Since the abstraction of information dissemination much resembles the spread of epidemics, epidemic models are utilized to characterize the collective dynamics of information dissemination over networks. From a systematic point of view, we aim to explore the optimal control policy for information dissemination given that the control capability is a function of its distribution time, which is a more realistic model in many applications. The main contributions of this paper are to provide an analytically tractable model for information dissemination over networks, to solve the optimal control signal distribution time for minimizing the accumulated network cost via dynamic programming, and to establish a parametric plug-in model for information dissemination control. In particular, we evaluate its performance in mobile and generalized social networks as typical examples. PMID:25415940

Chen, Pin-Yu; Cheng, Shin-Ming; Chen, Kwang-Cheng

2014-12-01

10

Data sharing and dissemination strategies for fostering competition in health care.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To introduce the concept of common models for data sharing and dissemination, highlight the current operational, technical, and political issues surrounding existing data sharing and dissemination initiatives in a health care market, and suggest an ideal model for future data initiatives. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: A literature review and case studies of existing data sharing and dissemination initiatives that promote the collection and use of comparative information on provider cost and quality. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Three broad types of common models for data sharing and dissemination have evolved over the past decade or so: (1) provider-initiated initiatives developed through collaboration among providers of health care; (2) purchaser-initiated activities driven by a coalition of purchasers; and (3) indirect collaboration-data-sharing initiatives between providers and purchasers with a significant facilitating or regulating role by a third group of stakeholders. The success of a data-sharing and dissemination strategy is determined by how the complex operational, technical, and political issues are addressed. General principles by which a health data initiative might abide include the following: standardized databases as the physical foundation, indicators that reflect the changing market; linkages between and across data sets for comprehensive and complete data; economic value; policy relevance; use of evolving technologies to collect, integrate, and disseminate data; and stakeholder support. CONCLUSIONS: Regulatory solutions alone will not overcome the complex political and technical challenges to data sharing and dissemination. The "ideal" model or process nurturing a market for health care information will incorporate compromise and negotiation to address the issues of data ownership and proprietary concerns, therefore securing the necessary political and financial support of the private sector. PMID:11327177

Love, D E; Paita, L M; Custer, W S

2001-01-01

11

Dissemination strategy for immunizing scale-free networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the problem of distributing a vaccine for immunizing a scale-free network against a given virus or worm. We introduce a method, based on vaccine dissemination, that seems to reflect more accurately what is expected to occur in real-world networks. Also, since the dissemination is performed using only local information, the method can be easily employed in practice. Using a random-graph framework, we analyze our method both mathematically and by means of simulations. We demonstrate its efficacy regarding the trade-off between the expected number of nodes that receive the vaccine and the network’s resulting vulnerability to develop an epidemic as the virus or worm attempts to infect one of its nodes. For some scenarios, the method is seen to render the network practically invulnerable to attacks while requiring only a small fraction of the nodes to receive the vaccine.

Stauffer, Alexandre O.; Barbosa, Valmir C.

2006-11-01

12

32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

2012-07-01

13

32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.  

...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

2014-07-01

14

32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

2013-07-01

15

A Spread Willingness Computing-Based Information Dissemination Model  

PubMed Central

This paper constructs a kind of spread willingness computing based on information dissemination model for social network. The model takes into account the impact of node degree and dissemination mechanism, combined with the complex network theory and dynamics of infectious diseases, and further establishes the dynamical evolution equations. Equations characterize the evolutionary relationship between different types of nodes with time. The spread willingness computing contains three factors which have impact on user's spread behavior: strength of the relationship between the nodes, views identity, and frequency of contact. Simulation results show that different degrees of nodes show the same trend in the network, and even if the degree of node is very small, there is likelihood of a large area of information dissemination. The weaker the relationship between nodes, the higher probability of views selection and the higher the frequency of contact with information so that information spreads rapidly and leads to a wide range of dissemination. As the dissemination probability and immune probability change, the speed of information dissemination is also changing accordingly. The studies meet social networking features and can help to master the behavior of users and understand and analyze characteristics of information dissemination in social network. PMID:25110738

Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui

2014-01-01

16

Unattended ground sensor system architecture for reduced information dissemination timeline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a multi-layered command structure, information from unattended ground sensor systems has typically been transferred from the observation area to the highest level of command. The information is analyzed from many such regions and disseminated to the appropriate forward operating base as intelligence or action orders. Some missions, like the detection and interdiction of Time Critical Targets, may be hampered by the current data dissemination timeline. Therefore alternate, faster methods of providing actionable intelligence into theater are required for these missions. This paper discusses alternative architectures that reduce the information dissemination time line from the sensor fields through the command center and back down to the quick reactionary forces.

Voglewede, Paul E.; Sasaki, Hironori M.

2007-04-01

17

49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. 831...NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES...13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information....

2013-10-01

18

49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. 831...NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES...13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information....

2010-10-01

19

49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.  

...false Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. 831...NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES...13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information....

2014-10-01

20

49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. 831...NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES...13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information....

2012-10-01

21

49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. 831...NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES...13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information....

2011-10-01

22

32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION...Regulation for dissemination of classified material. The originating official may...

2010-07-01

23

NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA  

E-print Network

NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA Langley Technical Administration Langley Research Center · Hampton, Virginia 23681-0001 NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA Langley Technical Publications Donna G. Roper, Mary K. McCaskill, Scott D

Nelson, Michael L.

24

Inter-vehicle communications: assessing information dissemination under safety constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal of inter-vehicle communication technologies is to provide each vehicle with the required information about its surrounding in order to assist the driver avoiding potential dangers. The required information level, or awareness, can be achieved by the exchange of periodic status messages (beacons) among neighboring vehicles together with the quick dissemination of information about potential hazards. In previous

Marc Torrent-Moreno

2007-01-01

25

Ames Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) System Operating Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ames Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) System is an attempt to efficiently place rapidly increasing amounts of information into the hands of scientists and engineers who can exploit it. It is a computerized current awareness system designed to increase researchers' literature searching capabilities by bringing to their attention…

Anderson, Lloyd E.; Wegner, Waldo W.

26

Unattended ground sensor system architecture for reduced information dissemination timeline  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a multi-layered command structure, information from unattended ground sensor systems has typically been transferred from the observation area to the highest level of command. The information is analyzed from many such regions and disseminated to the appropriate forward operating base as intelligence or action orders. Some missions, like the detection and interdiction of Time Critical Targets, may be hampered

Paul E. Voglewede; Hironori M. Sasaki

2007-01-01

27

South Carolina Pilot Program for Information Dissemination. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot information retrieval and dissemination unit was established within the South Carolina Department of Education in July, 1970. A major goal was to develop an effective and efficient link between information sources and educators utilizing interpersonal communication linkages. Improvement of state and local educational practices was the main…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

28

The Use of Online Strategies and Social Media for Research Dissemination in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alongside a growing interest in knowledge mobilization (trying to increase the connection between research, policy and practice) there has been a transformation of how knowledge is produced, accessed and disseminated in light of the internet and social media strategies. Few studies have explored the use of social media for research dissemination.…

Cooper, Amanda

2014-01-01

29

Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis  

E-print Network

Suggests that behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities. Some of the conditions that ...

Morris, Edward K.

1985-01-01

30

Brief Announcement: Information Dissemination on Multiple Channels  

E-print Network

communication primi- tive for wireless networks without collision detection. Problem 1.1 (Information Exchange­8, 2011, San Jose, California, USA. ACM 978-1-4503-0719-2/11/06. communicate directly with each other node-hop multi-channel wireless network: k arbitrary nodes have information they want to share with the entire

31

Safety Information Dissemination in Vehicular Networks using Facilities Layer Mechanisms  

E-print Network

networks of vehicles, in which moving cars are nodes that communicate with each other and, possibly, published in "IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC) (2014)" #12;Mohammad Irfan KhanSafety Information Dissemination in Vehicular Networks using Facilities Layer Mechanisms Mohammad

Boyer, Edmond

32

Proceedings: panel on information dissemination for wind energy  

SciTech Connect

This meeting was called as part of a multi-year planning effort. Groups involved in the production and/or dissemination of information on wind energy were invited to describe their current activities and their perceptions of the needs of the 80's in this area. Participants exchanged copies of materials they distribute regularly and discussed frequently asked questions.

Weis, P. [ed.

1980-04-01

33

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2010-07-01

34

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

...2014-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2014-07-01

35

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2012-07-01

36

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2013-07-01

37

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2011-07-01

38

Electronic Dissemination of UN Agency Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights information, available electronically, about products and services by the United Nations (UN), UN Development Programme, High Commission for Refugees, UNICEF, Fund for Population Activities, Economic Commissions, Industrial Development Organization, International Labor Organization, UNESCO, Environment Program, World Meteorological…

Stratford, Jean Slemmons; Stratford, Juri

1997-01-01

39

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

40

Sciences and Humanities. Information & Dissemination Series 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are descriptions of 12 projects developed locally in Hawaii schools that have been selected by the State Department of Education as examples of innovative educational programs, projects, or activities. Each project is identified by area and title, with information provided according to these headings: Descriptors, Target Audience,…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

41

Adaptive protocols for information dissemination in wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a family of adaptive protocols, called SPIN (Sensor Protocols for Information via Negotia- tion), that efficiently disseminates information among sen- sors in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network. Nodes running a SPIN communication protocol name their data us- ing high-level data descriptors, called meta-data. They use meta-data negotiations to eliminate the transmission of re- dundant data

Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman; Joanna Kulik; Hari Balakrishnan

1999-01-01

42

Dissemination of assistive technology information to farmers and ranchers with disabilities.  

PubMed

Since induction of the AgrAbility program through appropriations contained in the 1990 Farm Bill, the national and state/regional AgrAbility projects have used a variety of methods to disseminate information about assistive technology (AT) to farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural workers with disabilities. To date, no known research has been conducted to assess those delivery methods from the perspectives of either the persons with disabilities in need of information or the education and rehabilitation professionals who work with them. This study's purpose was two-fold: (1) review various dissemination strategies to identify those documented as being more effective, and (2) conduct surveys to ascertain the perspectives of AgrAbility project professionals and a national network of farmers and ranchers with disabilities (called the Barn Builders). Key findings of the study were as follows: (1) the farmers and ranchers most preferred receiving information via printed newsletters (71%) and printed publications (67%); (2) AgrAbility staff most preferred receiving information via internet-based publication access (61%), e-mail (60%), and printed publications (58%); (3) many farmers and ranchers perceived that dissemination strategies were moving toward the internet (53%) and that AT information was generally more available now than in the past (38%); (4) both AgrAbility staff and the Barn Builders tended to agree that farmers still wanted to receive information in printed form; and (5) neither age nor education level appeared to be a strong predictor of internet use by farmers. Key recommendations to enhance the effectiveness of current AT information delivery methods included: (1) implementing effective document management strategies for all information resources, especially for online content; and (2) minimizing language translation efforts, since such a small percentage of the AgrAbility project customer base is primarily non-English speaking. It is believed that the findings of this study also have implications for service delivery strategies in other areas, including topics relating to agricultural safety and health. PMID:21919317

Racz, C W; Field, W E

2011-07-01

43

A strategy for electronic dissemination of NASA Langley technical publications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To demonstrate NASA Langley Research Center's relevance and to transfer technology to external customers in a timely and efficient manner, Langley has formed a working group to study and recommend a course of action for the electronic dissemination of technical reports (EDTR). The working group identified electronic report requirements (e.g., accessibility, file format, search requirements) of customers in U.S. industry through numerous site visits and personal contacts. Internal surveys were also used to determine commonalities in document preparation methods. From these surveys, a set of requirements for an electronic dissemination system was developed. Two candidate systems were identified and evaluated against the set of requirements: the Full-Text Electronic Documents System (FEDS), which is a full-text retrieval system based on the commercial document management package Interleaf, and the Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS), which is a Langley-developed system based on the publicly available World Wide Web (WWW) software system. Factors that led to the selection of LTRS as the vehicle for electronic dissemination included searching and viewing capability, current system operability, and client software availability for multiple platforms at no cost to industry. This report includes the survey results, evaluations, a description of the LTRS architecture, recommended policy statement, and suggestions for future implementations.

Roper, Donna G.; Mccaskill, Mary K.; Holland, Scott D.; Walsh, Joanne L.; Nelson, Michael L.; Adkins, Susan L.; Ambur, Manjula Y.; Campbell, Bryan A.

1994-01-01

44

Health care communication networks: disseminating employee information for hospital security.  

PubMed

Health care in the United States is a system that, organizationally speaking, is fragmented. Each hospital facility is independently operated and is responsible for the hiring of its own employees. Corrupt individuals can take advantage of this fragmentation and move from hospital to hospital, gaining employment while hiding previous employment history. However, the need to exchange pertinent information regarding employees will become necessary as hospitals seek to fill positions throughout their organizations. One way to promote this information exchange is to develop trusted information sharing networks among hospital units. This study examined the problems surrounding organizational information sharing and the cultural factors necessary to enhance the exchange of employee information. Surveys were disseminated to 2,603 hospital chief executive officers and chief information officers throughout the nation. A sample of 154 respondents provided data into their current hiring practices and on their willingness to engage in the sharing of employee information. Findings indicated that, although fear of defamation and privacy violations do hinder the exchange of information between hospitals during the hiring process, by increasing external trust, linking the sharing process with the organizational goals of the hospital, and developing a "sharing culture" among hospitals, the exchange of employee information could be enhanced. PMID:19910705

Sumner, Jennifer; Liberman, Aaron; Rotarius, Timothy; Wan, Thomas T H; Eaglin, Ronald

2009-01-01

45

Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Health Information Access and Dissemination in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which assessed the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in health information access and dissemination in Uganda. The project focused not only on information obtainable through libraries for research, teaching, learning and practice, but also on ICT applications concerned with the…

Omona, Walter; Ikoja-Odongo, Robert

2006-01-01

46

Cancer education and effective dissemination: information access is not enough.  

PubMed

Education is the main avenue for disseminating new research findings into clinical practice. Understanding factors that affect translation of research into practice may help cancer educators design programs that facilitate the time it takes for research-indicated practices to become standard care. To understand various factors, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Education and Special Initiatives (OESI)(1) with individual cooperation from Oncology Nursing Society (ONS), American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), and Association of Oncology Social Work (AOSW) administered a Practitioner Information Needs survey to five different types of practitioners involved in cancer care. While most of the 2,864 practitioners (83%) agreed they had access to current practice information, practitioners in large practice settings were more likely to report having access to research than those small practice settings. However, only 33% indicated that they had adequate time to access the information. Colleagues or experts within the organization were cited as the most frequently relied on information resource (60%), and peer-reviewed journals were cited as second (57%). Overall, 66% strongly or somewhat agreed that their organizations exhibit effective change management practices. A majority (69%) agreed that implementation of new practices is hindered by the lack of available staff time. Financial factors and the characteristics of the information presented were also believed to be factors contributing to research implementation. Group differences were observed among practitioner groups and practice settings for some factors. PMID:20440666

Ousley, Anita L; Swarz, Jeffrey A; Milliken, Erin L; Ellis, Steven

2010-06-01

47

12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.  

...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

2014-01-01

48

12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

2013-01-01

49

Social-Tie-Based Information Dissemination in Mobile Opportunistic Social Networks  

E-print Network

Social-Tie-Based Information Dissemination in Mobile Opportunistic Social Networks Yunsheng Wang a distributed social tie strength calculation mechanism to identify the relationship between each set, The Strength of Weak Ties, the majority of the novel information dissemination is generated by weak ties. We

Wu, Jie

50

Social-Tie-Based Information Dissemination in Mobile Opportunistic Social Networks  

E-print Network

Social-Tie-Based Information Dissemination in Mobile Opportunistic Social Networks Yunsheng Wang Opportunistic Social Networks Motivation Social-Tie-based Information Dissemination Tie Strength Calculation the properties of social networks and opportunistic networks #12;Motivation "The Strength of Weak Ties": Mark

Wu, Jie

51

Information management for real-time multimedia battlefield information dissemination and processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The warfighter of tomorrow will demand near real time multimedia data access to obtain critical information in rapidly changing battlefield situation. Phase 1 of the Battlefield Awareness and Data Dissemination (BADD) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) developed a near real time multimedia data access capability to provide the warfighter with sensor and command and control data on an integrated display.

Thomas C. Newsome; Dupyo Choi; Michael P. Orr

1998-01-01

52

Information collection and dissemination: toward a portable, real-time information sharing platform for emergency response.  

PubMed

The Advanced Health and Disaster Aid Network (AID-N) project seeks to 1) identify unmet needs of Washington DC area emergency response teams during mass casualty incidents and, 2) conduct feasibility tests of technology-based solutions. This paper describes Surveillance and Incident Reporting PDAs (SIRP), which provide an alternative platform for emergency response information collection, dissemination, and visualization. PMID:17238517

Crawford, David; Gao, Tia; White, David

2006-01-01

53

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information. 1960...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND RELATED...

2010-07-01

54

Information management for real-time multimedia battlefield information dissemination and processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The warfighter of tomorrow will demand near real time multimedia data access to obtain critical information in rapidly changing battlefield situation. Phase 1 of the Battlefield Awareness and Data Dissemination (BADD) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) developed a near real time multimedia data access capability to provide the warfighter with sensor and command and control data on an integrated display. The system provides both live and historical display of the multimedia products with the ability to rapidly search spatially and temporally using a powerful graphical user interface. A key development for the system is the implementation of a video server that provides rapid access to stored video that is keyed to a map showing the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) flight path and its sensor coverage. The BADD System managed the multimedia information from field sensors and processors and utilized the Global Broadcast System (GBS) to disseminate the data to remote users. The system provides the capability to disseminate battlefield data based on user defined profiles (Smart Push) and by queries for stored products (Warfighter Pull). The research addressed the multimedia information management architecture required to meet these requirements in a near real time battlefield exercise. The BADD system interfaced with the legacy and emerging systems in Task Force (TF) XXI and Division XXI. The research also addressed the user and system issues necessary for successful field operation. The BADD system was successful in TFXXI and improvements were incorporated in Division XXI.

Newsome, Thomas C., Jr.; Choi, Dupyo; Orr, Michael P.

1998-08-01

55

Cancer Education and Effective Dissemination: Information Access is not Enough  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education is the main avenue for disseminating new research findings into clinical practice. Understanding factors that affect\\u000a translation of research into practice may help cancer educators design programs that facilitate the time it takes for research-indicated\\u000a practices to become standard care. To understand various factors, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Education\\u000a and Special Initiatives (OESI)1 with individual cooperation

Anita L. Ousley; Jeffrey A. Swarz; Erin L. Milliken; Steven Ellis

2010-01-01

56

Information retrieval I: The MERGE system of information dissemination, retrieval, and indexing using the IBM 7090 DPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

THIS PAPER will describe the development and application of a complete Information Retrieval and Dissemination System. The system combines useful phases of two separate programs to provide keyword-in-context indexing, selective dissemination of information, selective retrieval of information, and the basis for directing the acquisitions of a technical reports center. The system, which is known as MERGE,has been programmed for the

R. H. Stanwood

1962-01-01

57

Disseminating Landslide Hazard Information for California Local Government  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1969, the California Geological Survey has produced numerous maps showing landslide features and delineating potential slope-stability problem areas. These maps have been provided to local governments to encourage consideration of landslide hazards in planning and development decisions. Maps produced from 1986 through 1995 under the Landslide Hazard Mapping Act were advisory only, and their use by local government was never consistent. By contrast, maps of Zones of Required Investigation for seismically induced landslides produced under the Seismic Hazard Zoning Act since 1997 come with detailed guidelines and legal requirements. A legislative act that required landslide hazards be mapped and hazard maps disseminated to local government proved ineffective in landslide hazard mitigation. A later act with requirements that the hazard zone maps be used by local government proved more effective. Planning scenarios have proven to be an effective way of transmitting scientific information about natural hazards to emergency response professionals. Numerous earthquake planning scenarios have been prepared and used as the basis for emergency response exercises. An advantage of scenarios that include loss estimates is that the effects can be put in units of measure that everyone understands, principally deaths and dollars. HAZUS software available from FEMA allows calculation of losses for earthquake scenarios, but similar methods for landslides have not been developed. As part of the USGS Multi-Hazard Demonstration Project, we have estimated the landslide losses for a major west-coast winter storm scenario by developing a system based loosely on HAZUS. Data on landslide damage in past storms has been sparse and inconsistent, but a few data sets are available. The most detailed and complete available data on landslide damage was gathered by the City of Los Angeles following the 1978 storms. We extrapolate from that data to the entire state by first generalizing a landslide susceptibility map to give a single value of susceptibility for each census tract. We then calculated the loss ratio, the cost of landslide damage from the 1978 storms divided by the value of light wood frame structures in the census tract. The comparison suggests three general categories of damage: tracts with low landslide susceptibility have no landslide damage: tracts with moderate susceptibility have loss ratios of about 0.016%: and tracts with high susceptibility have loss ratios of 0.096%. Using these values, the susceptibility map becomes a landslide loss ratio map for the average storm intensity and landslide vulnerability of Los Angeles in 1978. Generalization to other storm intensities uses differences in storm intensity and landslide damage data from the 1982 storm in the Bay Area. In Santa Cruz County, that storm had a recurrence interval of over 100 years, and over 3 times the damage as our projection from the 1978 data. In Sonoma County, that storm had a recurrence interval of only 10 years and damage that was only 2% of our projection. If a relationship between storm intensity and the projections from the 1978 Los Angeles data can be developed, we may be able to estimate landslide losses for any projected storm intensity.

Wills, C. J.

2010-12-01

58

Information Collection and Dissemination Program: Enhancing Access to Education Data. Commission Report 04-06  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) has collected and provided information about education ? particularly higher education--in California since 1976. As a "one-stop-shop" for information about education beyond high school, the CPEC Information Collection and Dissemination Program is well known for its commitment to data…

California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2004

2004-01-01

59

Enhancing Industry-based Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program with Theory-based Strategies Employing Personal Contact  

PubMed Central

Purpose Industry-based strategies for dissemination of an evidence-based occupational sun protection program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), were tested. Design Two dissemination strategies were compared in a randomized trial in 2004 – 2007. Setting The North American ski industry. Subjects Ski areas in the United States and Canada (n=69) and their senior managers (n=469). Intervention Employers received GSS through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) from the industry’s professional association which included conference presentations and free starter kits. Half of the areas also received the Enhanced Dissemination Strategy (EDS), in which project staff met face-to-face with managers and made ongoing contacts to support program use. Measures Observation of program materials in use and managers’ reports on communication about sun protection. Analysis The effects of two alternative dissemination strategies were compared on program use using PROC MIXED in SAS, adjusted for covariates using 1-tailed p-values. Results Ski areas receiving the EDS used more GSS materials (M=7.36) than those receiving the BDS (M=5.17; F=7.82, p<.01). Managers from more areas receiving the EDS reported communicating about sun protection in employee newsletters/flyers (M=0.97, p=.04), in guest email messages (M=0.75, p=.02), and on ski area websites (M=0.38, p=.02) than those receiving the BDS (M=0.84, 0.50, 0.15, respectively). Conclusion Industry professional associations play an important role in disseminating prevention programs; however, active personal communication may be essential to ensure increased implementation fidelity. PMID:22747318

Buller, David B.; Andersen, Peter A.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Scott, Michael D.; Cutter, Gary R.; Dignan, Mark B.; Kane, Ilima L.; Zhang, Xiao

2012-01-01

60

Boosting healthy heart employer-sponsored health dissemination efforts: identification and information-sharing intentions.  

PubMed

Health information dissemination options have expanded to include workplaces and employer-sponsored efforts. This study focuses on a core relational concept found in workplaces, organizational identification-the feeling of belongingness-and the impact of partnering with employers and health clinics in health information dissemination. We use social-identity theory and multiple identification to test our predictions from a sample of working adults representing more than 100 different employers. We found that when people strongly identify with their employer, they have increased health behavioral intentions and they intend to talk about the health information with coworkers. The significant models explain more than 50% and 30% of the variance in these two outcomes. The experimental results examining single and multiple organizational sources revealed no differences on any outcomes. These findings offer a contribution to health information dissemination research by articulating how identification with an employer functions to affect behavioral intentions. PMID:24580722

Stephens, Keri K; Pastorek, Angie; Crook, Brittani; Mackert, Michael; Donovan, Erin E; Shalev, Heidi

2015-03-01

61

A Comparison of Nine Strategies for Disseminating a Counseling Program for Re-entry Women. Special Interest Paper No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined nine strategies for disseminating "The New Occupational Student: Mature Adult Woman," a counseling program for re-entry women at thirty-nine two-year colleges in New York State. The major purpose was to determine whether there was a particular service or combination of services that was most conducive to the implementation of the…

Chitayat, Deanna; And Others

62

Information Dissemination and Aggregation in Asset Markets with Simple Intelligent Traders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various studies of asset markets have shown that traders are capable of learning and transmittinginformation through prices in many situations. In this paper we replace human traders withintelligent software agents in a series of simulated markets. Using these simple learning agents,we are able to replicate several features of the experiments with human subjects, regarding(1) dissemination of information from informed to

Andrew Lo; Blake Lebaron; Nicholas Chan; Tomaso Poggio

1998-01-01

63

Broadcast media and the dissemination of weather information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Although television is the public's most preferred source of weather information, it fails to provide weather reports to those groups who seek the information early in the day and during the day. The result is that many people most often use radio as a source of information, yet preferring the medium of television. The public actively seeks weather information from both radio and TV stations, usually seeking information on current conditions and short range forecasts. forecasts. Nearly all broadcast stations surveyed were eager to air severe weather bulletins quickly and often. Interest in Nowcasting was high among radio and TV broadcasters, with a significant portion indicating a willingness to pay something for the service. However, interest among TV stations in increasing the number of daily reports was small.

Byrnes, J.

1973-01-01

64

Secure Information Sharing and Dissemination in the Context of Public Security  

E-print Network

Secure Information Sharing and Dissemination in the Context of Public Security Professor Nabil R://cimic.rutgers.edu/~adam/ Abstract In the context of homeland security, one of the key challenges in such environment is achieving, each of those agencies that make up a virtual multi-agency response team, has its own complex security

65

Accountants create, disseminate, and evaluate financial information. They have a broad based understanding of business,  

E-print Network

as a civil servant; auditing company or not-for-profit financial statements; and investigating fraudAccountants create, disseminate, and evaluate financial information. They have a broad based field, which covers many different areas including cost accounting, financial auditing, and forensic

Habib, Ayman

66

Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI); Analysis of Experimental and Operational SDI Services, 1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impetus for the nation-wide study of SDI (Selective Dissemination of Information) came from the desire to learn more about the options available for the application of the SDI concept prior to decisions about its possible use in Air Force research and development activities. For this purpose, data on user populations, literature coverage,…

Hoshovsky, Alexander G.

67

Semiring Pruning for Information Dissemination in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Kiran K. Somasundaram, John S. Baras  

E-print Network

Semiring Pruning for Information Dissemination in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Kiran K. Somasundaram methods to preserve optimal paths is a special case of the semiring distribution property. 1. Introduction pruning is a manifestation of a general theory of semiring distribu- tion. This paper is organized

Baras, John S.

68

Local Pruning for Information Dissemination in Dynamic Networks for Solving the Idempotent Semiring Algebraic Path Problem  

E-print Network

Local Pruning for Information Dissemination in Dynamic Networks for Solving the Idempotent Semiring routing in dynamic data networks, to solve the Semiring Algebraic Path Problem (SAPP) for dynamic graphs as instances of the Semiring Algebraic Path Problems (SAPPs) on graphs [19]. These include well known graph

Baras, John S.

69

SIDECACHE: Information access, management and dissemination framework for web services  

PubMed Central

Background Many bioinformatics algorithms and data sets are deployed using web services so that the results can be explored via the Internet and easily integrated into other tools and services. These services often include data from other sites that is accessed either dynamically or through file downloads. Developers of these services face several problems because of the dynamic nature of the information from the upstream services. Many publicly available repositories of bioinformatics data frequently update their information. When such an update occurs, the developers of the downstream service may also need to update. For file downloads, this process is typically performed manually followed by web service restart. Requests for information obtained by dynamic access of upstream sources is sometimes subject to rate restrictions. Findings SideCache provides a framework for deploying web services that integrate information extracted from other databases and from web sources that are periodically updated. This situation occurs frequently in biotechnology where new information is being continuously generated and the latest information is important. SideCache provides several types of services including proxy access and rate control, local caching, and automatic web service updating. Conclusions We have used the SideCache framework to automate the deployment and updating of a number of bioinformatics web services and tools that extract information from remote primary sources such as NCBI, NCIBI, and Ensembl. The SideCache framework also has been used to share research results through the use of a SideCache derived web service. PMID:21672219

2011-01-01

70

Information Needs and Uses Survey Report. State Dissemination Capacity Building Project, June 19, 1980-June 20, 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) Dissemination Project examined its dissemination procedures and devised a more effective system of sharing information germane to the improvement of practice with school system personnel. A questionnaire entitled "Information Needs and Uses" was prepared and distributed to school system personnel. The…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

71

Proceedings of the ocean energy information dissemination workshop, December 1979  

SciTech Connect

The workshop was held to discuss the status of marketing ocean energy information and to develop an understanding of information needs and how to satisfy them. Presentations were made by the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) staff and media consultants about the effective use of audio-visual and print products, the mass media, and audience needs. Industry and government representatives reported on current efforts in each of their communication programs and outlined future plans. Four target audiences (DOE contractors, researchers, influencers, and general public) were discussed with respect to developing priorities for projects to enhance the commercialization of ocean energy technology.

Petty, D.

1980-04-01

72

The BLISS cluster randomised controlled trial of the effect of 'active dissemination of information' on standards of care for premature babies in England (BEADI) study protocol [ISRCTN89683698  

PubMed Central

Background Gaps between research knowledge and practice have been consistently reported. Traditional ways of communicating information have limited impact on practice changes. Strategies to disseminate information need to be more interactive and based on techniques reported in systematic reviews of implementation of changes. There is a need for clarification as to which dissemination strategies work best to translate evidence into practice in neonatal units across England. The objective of this trial is to assess whether an innovative active strategy for the dissemination of neonatal research findings, recommendations, and national neonatal guidelines is more likely to lead to changes in policy and practice than the traditional (more passive) forms of dissemination in England. Methods/design Cluster randomised controlled trial of all neonatal units in England (randomised by hospital, n = 182 and stratified by neonatal regional networks and neonatal units level of care) to assess the relative effectiveness of active dissemination strategies on changes in local policies and practices. Participants will be mainly consultant lead clinicians in each unit. The intervention will be multifaceted using: audit and feedback; educational meetings for local staff (evidence-based lectures on selected topics, interactive workshop to examine current practice and draw up plans for change); and quality improvement and organisational changes methods. Policies and practice outcomes for the babies involved will be collected before and after the intervention. Outcomes will assess all premature babies born in England during a three month period for timing of surfactant administration at birth, temperature control at birth, and resuscitation team (qualification and numbers) present at birth. Trial registration Current controlled trials ISRCTN89683698 PMID:17922901

Acolet, Dominique; Jelphs, Kim; Davidson, Deborah; Peck, Edward; Clemens, Felicity; Houston, Rosie; Weindling, Michael; Lavis, John; Elbourne, Diana

2007-01-01

73

Collaboration: Research and Practice. CASE Information Dissemination Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this information packet for special education administrators, the literature on collaboration between regular and special educators is reviewed, issues relative to the implementation of collaboration are discussed, and eight model sites are described. After an introduction, distinctions between collaboration and consultation are drawn. Key…

Cole, Cassandra McCrory

74

Occupational Information Dissemination Project. Final Report, January, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Labor, other Federal and state government agencies, and private producers have developed a significant amount of occupational information which can be useful to counselors and others who help students in making the transition from school to work. However, over the years the training of users has not kept pace with the development…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

75

2009 Brunel University Information Strategy  

E-print Network

business is transacted using electronic mail, but mail use must also comply with laws, policies© 2009 Brunel University Information Strategy Electronic mail policy The purpose of this document is to lay forth the policy which regulates the use of electronic mail within the University. It should

Oakley, Jeremy

76

2012 Brunel University Information Strategy  

E-print Network

and frameworks This policy describes the local rules by which business is transacted using electronic mail© 2012 Brunel University Information Strategy Electronic mail policy The purpose of this document is to lay forth the policy which regulates the use of electronic mail within the University, and while using

Oakley, Jeremy

77

Negotiation-Based Protocols for Disseminating Information in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a family of adaptive protocols, called SPIN (Sensor Protocols for Information via Negotiation), that efficiently disseminate information among sensors in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network. Nodes running a SPIN communication protocol name their data using high-level data descriptors, called meta-data. They use meta-data negotiations to eliminate the transmission of redundant data throughout the network. In

Joanna Kulik; Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman; Hari Balakrishnan

2002-01-01

78

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A conference was held at MSFC in May 1992 describing the research achievements of the NASA-wide research and technology programs dealing with advanced oxygen/hydrogen and oxygen/hydrocarbon earth-to-orbit propulsion. The purpose of this conference was to provide a forum for the timely dissemination to the propulsion community of the results emerging from this program with particular emphasis on the transfer of information from the scientific/research to the designer.

Wu, S. T.

1993-01-01

79

Collection and dissemination of TES system information for the paper and pulp industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A survey of U.S. and international paper and pulp mills using thermal energy storage (TES) systems as a part of their production processes was conducted to obtain sufficient operating data to conduct a benefits analysis encompassing: (1) an energy conservation assessment, (2) an economic benefits analysis, and (3) an environmental impact assessment. An information dissemination plan was then proposed to effectively present the benefits of TES to the U.S. paper and pulp industry.

Dietrich, M. W.; Edde, H.

1980-03-01

80

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

Wu, S. T.

1995-01-01

81

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

Wu, S. T.

1995-03-01

82

Snow Tweets: Emergency Information Dissemination in a US County During 2014 Winter Storms  

PubMed Central

Introduction: This paper describes how American federal, state, and local organizations created, sourced, and disseminated emergency information via social media in preparation for several winter storms in one county in the state of New Jersey (USA). Methods: Postings submitted to Twitter for three winter storm periods were collected from selected organizations, along with a purposeful sample of select private local users. Storm-related posts were analyzed for stylistic features (hashtags, retweet mentions, embedded URLs). Sharing and re-tweeting patterns were also mapped using NodeXL. Results: Results indicate emergency management entities were active in providing preparedness and response information during the selected winter weather events. A large number of posts, however, did not include unique Twitter features that maximize dissemination and discovery by users. Visual representations of interactions illustrate opportunities for developing stronger relationships among agencies. Discussion: Whereas previous research predominantly focuses on large-scale national or international disaster contexts, the current study instead provides needed analysis in a small-scale context. With practice during localized events like extreme weather, effective information dissemination in large events can be enhanced.

Bonnan-White, Jess; Shulman, Jason; Bielecke, Abigail

2014-01-01

83

An Associative Search Strategy for Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extends Goffman's Indirect Method of Information Retrieval by suggesting a more flexible search strategy which, in its simplified version, appears more effective than the Boolean strategy used in existing information retrieval systems and can be implemented at comparable costs. (Author)

Mansur, Ovad

1980-01-01

84

Environmental and policy approaches to increasing physical activity: improving access to places for physical activity and dissemination of information.  

PubMed

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program funded 40 communities in the United States during 1999–2007. Three of these communities implemented interventions to increase physical activity among African Americans. This case study looks at these interventions and the evidence-based recommendations from the CDC's Community Guide for Preventive Services. These recommendations address creating or improving access to physical activity and the dissemination of information via media campaigns. Findings suggest that although the evidence could not be applied in every respect, culturally-tailored change strategies can meet unique characteristics of African Americans with or at risk for heart disease and may contribute to increased physical activity. PMID:21721300

Howell, Shawna L; Tucker, Pattie; Liburd, Leandris

2011-03-01

85

Statement of Principles and Strategies for the Equitable Dissemination of Medical Technologies  

E-print Network

for others to build upon through publications, library collections, and most recently, open courseware-related inventions of academic researchers by developing and disseminating these technologies for the public good. We applications. In recent years, the licensing practices involved in such commercialization have expanded

86

QoS enabled dissemination of managed information objects in a publish-subscribe-query information broker  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Net-centric information spaces have become a necessary concept to support information exchange for tactical warfighting missions using a publish-subscribe-query paradigm. To support dynamic, mission-critical and time-critical operations, information spaces require quality of service (QoS)-enabled dissemination (QED) of information. This paper describes the results of research we are conducting to provide QED information exchange in tactical environments. We have developed a prototype QoS-enabled publish-subscribe-query information broker that provides timely delivery of information needed by tactical warfighters in mobile scenarios with time-critical emergent targets. This broker enables tailoring and prioritizing of information based on mission needs and responds rapidly to priority shifts and unfolding situations. This paper describes the QED architecture, prototype implementation, testing infrastructure, and empirical evaluations we have conducted based on our prototype.

Loyall, Joseph P.; Carvalho, Marco; Martignoni, Andrew, III; Schmidt, Douglas; Sinclair, Asher; Gillen, Matthew; Edmondson, James; Bunch, Larry; Corman, David

2009-05-01

87

Intelligent battlespace awareness and information dissemination through the application of BDI intelligent agent technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Battlespace digitisation systems must be flexible enough to maximise the effectiveness of manoeuvre warfare against a range of possible threats. Currently, this flexibility is largely a manual process. The aim of this paper is to examine the applicability of Belief, Desire and Intention (BDI) intelligent agent technologies for use in situation awareness and information dissemination systems. This paper illustrates how intelligent software can be used: to enhance the effectiveness of battlespace digitisation systems. The BDI agent model is an event-driven execution model providing both reactive and proactive behaviour. The utility of this model is demonstrated via the agent-based Collection Plan Management System (CPMS).

Lucas, Andrew; Ronnquist, Ralph; Howden, Nick; Gaertner, Paul S.; Haub, John

2000-08-01

88

Evaluating Information Sharing Strategies in Supply Chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract-This paper evaluates the impact of information sharing strategies on the performance of a supply chain. We consider three forms ,of information ,sharing strategies: (1) order information sharing where every stage of the supply chain only knows,the orders from its immediate downstream,stage; (2) demand,information sharing where ,every stage has ,full information,about ,the ,market ,demand; ,(3) inventory information sharing where each

Jingquan Li; Michael J. Shaw; Gek Woo Tan

2000-01-01

89

Addressing Barriers to Wind Energy by Creating Consensus through Information Dissemination and Outreach: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 The sixteen month project to address barriers to the development of VT wind energy was successful. The project built consensus on wind energy siting issues through four stakeholder workshops and engaged Vermonters on wind energy issues with a wind energy information dissemination and outreach campaign. There is still a great need for more outreach and accurate wind energy information dissemination on the local level where informed discussion on the cost and benefits of wind energy projects needs to be held. The stakeholder workshop framework and outreach tools that were created by this project will be helpful tools as state agencies, wind developers, non-profit organizations and concerned citizens (in Vermont and around the country) continue to discuss wind energy projects and the role of wind energy in comprehensive energy plans. Given the success of this project it is recommended that other states replicate this project as a way to help overcome the barriers to win d energy development. This report provides: an overview of the project accomplishments, detailed quarter by quarter descriptions of the project activities, activities spawned by the project, conclusions, and copies of all the documents created during the project as attachments (No.1-8).

Andrew Perchlik

2003-02-28

90

Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries and the United States Patent and Trademark Office: A Model for Information Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the network of Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries (PTDLs), a collaborative partnership with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for disseminating patent and trademark information in every state plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Typical information sources and services provided at PTDLs are…

Jenda, Claudine Arnold

2005-01-01

91

Factors Involved in the Ineffective Dissemination of Sexuality Information to Individuals Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last 40 years of literature pertaining to sexuality and deaf individuals are reviewed. Current research, which establishes that people who are deaf do not have adequate information on sexuality issues, is examined, as well as some of the factors that play a role in the ineffective dissemination of sexuality information to this population.…

Job, Jennifer

2004-01-01

92

Electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination program. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (enacted October 24, 1992) to determine whether or not exposure to EMF produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electric energy affects human health. Two Federal agencies, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), have primary responsibility for the program, but other Federal agencies are key participants as well. This program requires that Federal appropriations be matched by contributions from non-Federal sources. The authorized level of funding for the program was $65 million over a 5-year period (fiscal years 1993-1997 inclusive). For EMF RAPID to be a fully funded program, $32.5 million over 5 years will have to be appropriated by Congress and matched by non-Federal contributions.

NONE

1995-12-01

93

Evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines  

PubMed Central

Background Few validated guidelines exist for developing messages in health promotion practice. In clinical practice, the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research, and Evaluation II (AGREE II) Instrument is the international gold standard for guideline assessment, development, and reporting. In a case study format, this paper describes the application of the AGREE II principles to guide the development of health promotion guidelines for constructing messages to supplement the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines (CPAG) released in 2011. Methods The AGREE II items were modified to suit the objectives of developing messages that (1) clarify key components of the new CPAG and (2) motivate Canadians to meet the CPAG. The adapted AGREE II Instrument was used as a systematic guide for the recommendation development process. Over a two-day meeting, five workgroups (one for each CPAG – child, youth, adult, older adult – and one overarching group) of five to six experts (including behavior change, messaging, and exercise physiology researchers, key stakeholders, and end users) reviewed and discussed evidence for creating and targeting messages to supplement the new CPAG. Recommendations were summarized and reviewed by workgroup experts. The recommendations were pilot tested among end users and then finalized by the workgroup. Results The AGREE II was a useful tool in guiding the development of evidence-based specific recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages that supplement and increase awareness of the new CPAG (child, youth, adults, and older adults). The process also led to the development of sample messages and provision of a rationale alongside the recommendations. Conclusions To our knowledge, these are the first set of evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing physical activity guidelines. This project also represents the first application of international standards for guideline development (i.e., AGREE II) to the creation of practical recommendations specifically aimed to inform health promotion and public health practice. The messaging recommendations have the potential to increase the public health impact of evidence-based guidelines. PMID:23634998

2013-01-01

94

Coalition Warfare Program (CWP): secure policy controlled information query and dissemination over a Bices network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2006, the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) established a collaborative research alliance with academia and industry, called the International Technology Alliance (ITA) to address fundamental issues concerning Network and Information Sciences. Under the ITA research program, a US-UK transition project on "ITA Policy Controlled Information Query and Dissemination" was funded in 2011 by OSD's Coalition Warfare Program (CWP). The goal of this CWP project is to develop an extensible capability of performing distributed federated query and information dissemination across a coalition network of distributed disparate data/information sources with access­ controlled policies. The CWP project is lead by US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and UK Defence Science Technology Laboratory (Dstl) with software development by IBM UK and IBM US. The CWP project exploits two key technology components developed within the ITA, namely the Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms. The Gaian Database (GaianDB) is a Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD) that addresses a need to share information among coalition members by providing a means for policy-controlled access to data across a network of heterogeneous data sources. GaianDB implements a SQL-compliant Store-Locally-Query-Anywhere (SLQA) approach providing software applications with global access to data from any node in the database network via standard SQL queries. Security policy is stored locally and enforced at the database node level, reducing potential for unauthorized data access and waste of network bandwidth. A key metric of success for a CWP project is the transition of coalition-related technology from TRL-3 or 4 to TRL-6 or higher. Thus, the end goal of this CWP project was to demonstrate the GaianDB and policy technology within an operational environment at the NATO Intelligence Fusion Centre (NIFC) at Molesworth RAF. An initial demonstration of this technology in a 'stand alone' environment was undertaken at the NIFC in November 2011 using a data set comprised of 140,000 documents. Recently the system has been modified to include a secure authentication mechanism based on a Kerberos ticketing framework and this has now been integrated onto the NIFC Battlefield Information, Collection, and Exploitation System (BICES) network. In summary, the paper discusses the CWP project; the two key technologies (i.e., Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms) developed within the US UK ITA research program; how these have been integrated into the NIFC BICES; and future plans for the program.

Toth, Andrew; Pham, Tien; Karr, Todd; Bent, Graham; Harries, Dominic; Knox, Alan

2013-05-01

95

Implementation, Test and Evaluation of a Selective Dissemination System for NASA Scientific and Technical Information. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a large scale selective dissemination of information program, its experimental operation, and program evaluation is reported. An IBM 7090/94 computer program compared user interest profiles with the subject indexes of reports announced in "Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports." Users were provided with selected…

International Business Machines Corp., Yorktown Heights, NY.

96

Structural and Informal Knowledge Acquisition and Dissemination in Organizational Learning: An Exploratory Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The topic of organizational learning is populated with many theories and models; many relate to the enduring organizational learning framework consisting of knowledge acquisition, knowledge dissemination, and knowledge use. However, most of the research either emphasizes structural knowledge acquisition and dissemination as a composite…

Hoe, Siu Loon; McShane, Steven

2010-01-01

97

Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination Program annual report for fiscal year 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 as a near-term effort to expand and accelerate the research needed to address the EMF issue. As required by this legislation, the EMF Interagency Committee, the National EMF Advisory Committee (NEMFAC), and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) are providing valued input and advice for the direction of this program. With this input and advice, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) have developed and are implementing five-year program plans. Multi-year health effects research projects and related EMF measurement and exposure assessment projects are underway using funds appropriated in fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 together with voluntary non-Federal contributions. The results of these research projects, along with the results of other EMF research, will be used as input to the hazard evaluation effort, which is the focus of the EMF RAPID Program. A coordinated interagency program is underway to communicate needed information on the EMF issue in a clear manner to the public and other decision makers.

NONE

1997-06-01

98

Dissemination Strategies: The Evolution of Learning Resources on the Evaluation of Delirium, Dementia, and Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinicians experience great pressures to provide timely, effective, and evidence-based medical care. Educators can aid these clinicians through the development of new tools that can facilitate timely completion of clinical tasks. These tools should summarize evidence-based information in a convenient format that allows easy use. This article…

Horvath, Kathy J.; Tumosa, Nina; Thielke, Stephen; Moorer, Julie; Huh, Terri; Cooley, Susan; Craft, Suzanne; Burns, Theressa

2011-01-01

99

Speculative Data Dissemination and Service to Reduce Server Load, Network Traffic and Service Time in Distributed Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present two server-initiated protocols to improvethe performance of distributed information systems(e.g. WWW). Our first protocol is a hierarchical datadissemination mechanism that allows information topropagate from its producers to servers that are closerto its consumers. This dissemination reduces networktraffic and balances load amongst servers by exploitinggeographic and temporal locality of reference propertiesexhibited in client access patterns. Our second protocolrelies on...

Azer Bestavros

1996-01-01

100

Disseminating Health Information and Diabetes Care for Latinos Via Electronic Information Kiosks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the use of electronic, web-enabled touch-screen information kiosks as a tool to provide culturally\\u000a and linguistically appropriate diabetes information to Latino audiences. Two kiosk models (high privacy sit-down, group enabled\\u000a stand-up) in two locations (pharmacy, community center) in Northeast Georgia provided bilingual, read-aloud diabetes education\\u000a and local resource information on health care. Data from public use and

Paul H. Matthews; Carolina Darbisi; Lorilee Sandmann; Robert Galen; Donald Rubin

2009-01-01

101

Line bisection: does introspection inform cognitive strategy?  

PubMed

Line bisection is widely used to diagnose and quantify hemispatial neglect, yet there is little consensus as to the cognitive mechanisms used to perform this simple task. Current cognitive accounts have been deduced solely from behavioural measures. The aim of this study was to discover if subject's own knowledge of the mental strategies used to perform the task actually informs behavioural performance. One hundred and forty healthy volunteers bisected a set of lines and were asked to describe the mental strategies used. Three distinct strategies were identified. These were (1) comparing two segments, (2) computing the centre of mass, and (3) externally centred strategies. Strategies 1 and 2 have previously been described but externally centred strategies have not been reported as a distinct strategy in bisection. Although none of the three strategies predicted performance this may have been due to the fact that 44% of subjects failed to describe any strategy. Men and women bisected lines equally well, however more men than women reported use of externally centred strategies. PMID:18762204

Varnava, Alice; Halligan, Peter W

2009-01-01

102

Communications System Architecture Development for Air Traffic Management and Aviation Weather Information Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is the NASA AATT Task Order 24 Final Report. NASA Research Task Order 24 calls for the development of eleven distinct task reports. Each task was a necessary exercise in the development of comprehensive communications systems architecture (CSA) for air traffic management and aviation weather information dissemination for 2015, the definition of the interim architecture for 2007, and the transition plan to achieve the desired End State. The eleven tasks are summarized along with the associated Task Order reference. The output of each task was an individual task report. The task reports that make up the main body of this document include Task 5, Task 6, Task 7, Task 8, Task 10, and Task 11. The other tasks provide the supporting detail used in the development of the architecture. These reports are included in the appendices. The detailed user needs, functional communications requirements and engineering requirements associated with Tasks 1, 2, and 3 have been put into a relational database and are provided electronically.

Gallagher, Seana; Olson, Matt; Blythe, Doug; Heletz, Jacob; Hamilton, Griff; Kolb, Bill; Homans, Al; Zemrowski, Ken; Decker, Steve; Tegge, Cindy

2000-01-01

103

Collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage system information for the pulp and paper industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage (TES) system technology for the pulp and paper industry with the intent of reducing fossil fuel usage is discussed. The study plan is described and a description presented of example TES systems.

Edde, H.

1981-01-01

104

Collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage system information for the pulp and paper industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage (TES) system technology for the pulp and paper industry with the intent of reducing fossil fuel usage is discussed. The study plan is described and a description presented of example TES systems.

Edde, H.

1981-03-01

105

Naval Aviation Maintenance Office Information Strategy Plan  

SciTech Connect

Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel, together with members of Naval Aviation Maintenance Office (NAMO), developed an Information Strategy Plan (ISP) using a combination of Information Engineering (IE) methodologies. The purpose of the ISP was to comprehensively and objectively analyze the information requirements of NAMO. The ISP activities began with structures interviews of the NAMO top level management to identify the information needs and functions crucial to the NAMO organization. Joint Applications Design (JAD) sessions were held with functional experts to further enhance what was learned during the interview cycle. The information gathered through interviews, JAD sessions, and survey of the current systems was used to develop the Strategic Plan and the deliverables of an ISP: the Information Architecture, Business Systems Architecture, and Technical Architecture. These architectures are detailed, along with the major findings, recommendations, strategies, and plans for implementing further stages of IE. 72 figs.

Halsey, P.J.; Busbee, M.E.; Miller, L.M.; Wills, J.W.; Woods, S.D.

1990-06-01

106

Net-centric information and knowledge management and dissemination for data-to-decision C2 applications using intelligent agents and service-oriented architectures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tactical Information Technologies for Assured Network Operations (TITAN) Program aims to achieve net-centric information and knowledge management and dissemination integrated with data-to-decision C2 Applications. TITAN is a multi-year effort to develop, demonstrate and mature information and knowledge (I&K) management and dissemination (M&D) services spanning multiple echelons and provide support to the network-centric operations process with collaborative military planning and

I. Mayk; W. Regli; D. Nguyen; M. Mai; A. Chan; T. Urness; B. Goren; S. Kizenko; S. Randles; Z. Jastrebski; J. Ruschmeyer; Lex Lehman; M. McCurdy; D. Millar; I. Simmons; C. Cannon; J. Kopena; A. Patwardhan; G. Tassone; J. Lindquist; G. Jewell; R. Forkenbrock; M. Nicholson; F. Koss; R. Wray; J. Bradshaw; J. Lott

2011-01-01

107

Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating road hazard information using road side infrastructures in VANETs.  

PubMed

This paper presents Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating information about fixed road hazards such as road blocks, tree fall, boulders on road, snow pile up, landslide, road maintenance work and other obstacles to the vehicles approaching the hazardous location. The proposed work focuses on dissemination of hazard messages on highways with sparse traffic. The vehicle coming across the hazard would report the presence of the hazard. It is proposed to use Road Side fixed infrastructure Units for reliable and timely delivery of hazard messages to vehicles. The vehicles can then take appropriate safety action to avoid the hazardous location. The proposed protocol has been implemented and tested using SUMO simulator to generate road traffic and NS 2.33 network simulator to analyze the performance of DHRP. The performance of the proposed protocol was also compared with simple flooding protocol and the results are presented. PMID:24834371

Berlin, M A; Anand, Sheila

2014-01-01

108

Data dissemination to mobile sinks in wireless sensor networks: an information theoretic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uncertainty is an inherent characteristic of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) due to uncertainty in wireless communication links, limited resources (e.g., energy, storage, CPU, bandwidth), mobility and topology, to name a few. Thus, resource-efficient data dissemination between source sensors and a sink becomes a challenging task, particularly if the sink is moving in a wireless sensor field. This paper proposes an

Habib M. Ammari; Sajal K. Das

2005-01-01

109

The role of the University of the West Indies Mona libraries in HIV/AIDS information access and dissemination.  

PubMed

The recommendations for controlling HIV/AIDS, whether prescriptive or descriptive, underscore the value of information: its translation into knowledge, and knowledge into behaviour. Thus, accessing, evaluating, disseminating and applying authoritative, credible and scholarly information on HIV/AIDS are critical elements in the control of this pandemic in the Web 2.0 era. The University of the West Indies (UWI) Mona libraries have embraced this information role. This article provides insights into three of the information initiatives implemented by the UWI Mona libraries in this important capacity. In this regard, it also provides ideas for other West Indian information units and enhances communication on access to information products and services, albeit incrementally, in an important area of health services for the West Indies. PMID:24756597

Harris, S

2013-01-01

110

Effects of Information Load and Percentage of Shared Information on the Dissemination of Unshared Information During Group Discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information-sampling model (Stasser & Titus, 1985) suggests that group discussion tends to focus on information that members already share before discussion and information that supports, rather than opposes, the predominant sentiment within the group. The model further predicts that the tendency to reiterate already-shared information will be reduced when little information is available for discussion (low load) and when

Garold Stasser; William Titus

1987-01-01

111

Disseminating the outcomes of educational research to inform mathematics teachers' practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1999 and 2003 the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Video Study (Mathematics) analyzed approximately 100 randomly selected eighth-grade classes from each of seven countries. Findings are published in two written reports and a set of twenty-eight public released lessons. The development of an online course aimed at disseminating the study’s research methodology and findings to mathematics

Gail Hood

2009-01-01

112

Find It. Delete It. Protect It. Information Technology Security Strategy  

E-print Network

the requirements for compliance (see Appendix E). The PCI Compliance Assistance Team's governance: Optimize Services, Measurement and Compliance Assistance Strategy 1: Establish Governance and Information The general proposed strategy is to optimize risk management for information security incrementally and over

Sheridan, Jennifer

113

Media Choice in Environmental Information Dissemination for Solid Waste Management among Policy Formulators and Implementors: A Case Study of Oyo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental information has been described as central to the issues of solid waste management and disposal. This study investigated the availability and accessibility of environmental information to the solid waste policy formulators and implementors with regard to the media/channels used for disseminating environmental information to the…

Akintola, B. A.; Temowo, O. O.; Ajiboye, J. O.

2009-01-01

114

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

115

General Data Dissemination System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Monetary Fund has created the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), a system of metadata collection intended to "guide countries in the provision to the public of comprehensive, timely, accessible, and reliable economic, financial, and socio-demographic data." This site offers information from and about the countries participating in the GDDS. The project's main goals include improving the creation of country information, as well as creating a standard for the dissemination of reliable, current, thorough, and accessible economic, socio-demographic, and financial information. The data on participating countries, which include Fiji, Albania, Uganda, and Kuwait, may be accessed through a menu system, by country and by topic. The site also contains a helpful guide to the General Data Dissemination System, as well as a What's New? section and a soon-to-be-added FAQ.

116

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

...required under § 423.153(c), as well as the medication therapy management program required under § 423.153(d). (9...Enrollment procedures. Information and instructions on how to exercise election options under this part; (ii) Rights....

2014-10-01

117

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...required under § 423.153(c), as well as the medication therapy management program required under § 423.153(d). (9...Enrollment procedures. Information and instructions on how to exercise election options under this part; (ii) Rights....

2010-10-01

118

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...required under § 423.153(c), as well as the medication therapy management program required under § 423.153(d). (9...Enrollment procedures. Information and instructions on how to exercise election options under this part; (ii) Rights....

2013-10-01

119

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...required under § 423.153(c), as well as the medication therapy management program required under § 423.153(d). (9...Enrollment procedures. Information and instructions on how to exercise election options under this part; (ii) Rights....

2011-10-01

120

42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...required under § 423.153(c), as well as the medication therapy management program required under § 423.153(d). (9...Enrollment procedures. Information and instructions on how to exercise election options under this part; (ii) Rights....

2012-10-01

121

QoS provisioning via disseminated information on Differentiated Services class utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a red\\/black dynamic network environment, differentiated services (DiffServ) classes are used to satisfy quality of service (QoS) requirements for the flows from the edge networks that are traversing the black core domain. In order to progress from using only local information to using domain-wide information in making QoS decisions such as admission control and preemption, hosts in an edge

Orlie Brewer; Alimuddin Mohammad; Arun Ayyagari

2008-01-01

122

Barriers to the dissemination of four harm reduction strategies: a survey of addiction treatment providers in Ontario  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of service providers at addictions agencies' in Ontario were interviewed by telephone to assess attitudes toward, anticipated internal and external barriers to implementing, and expected benefits of four harm reduction strategies: needle exchange, moderate drinking goals, methadone treatment, and provision of free condoms to clients. Respondents were also asked to define harm reduction, list its most important elements,

Karen L Hobden; John A Cunningham

2006-01-01

123

Disseminating online tools for building capacity among community practitioners.  

PubMed

To prepare the workforce for building healthier communities, we need to assure capabilities of a diverse and geographically distributed community of practitioners. Although the Internet is used extensively to disseminate practice information, less is known about the relative impact of various strategies for promoting its use. This empirical case study examines implementation of dissemination strategies and their association with increased user sessions in the online Community Tool Box (CTB), a widely used resource for community building. Dissemination activities included social media efforts, eNewsletters, search engine optimization efforts, partnering with other Web sites, and implementing a global Out of the Box Prize. Results suggest that increased user sessions were associated with search optimization and "mashups" delivering CTB content through partners' Web sites. The report concludes with a discussion of challenges and opportunities in promoting widespread use of capacity-building tools among those working to improve their communities. PMID:23751063

Holt, Christina M; Fawcett, Stephen B; Schultz, Jerry A; Jones, Jami A; Berkowitz, Bill; Wolff, Thomas J; Francisco, Vincent T; Rabinowitz, Philip W

2013-01-01

124

University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

125

12 CFR 4.38 - Restrictions on dissemination of released information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

The OCC may condition a decision to release non-public OCC information on entry of a protective order by the court or administrative tribunal presiding in the particular case or, in non-adversarial matters, on a written agreement of...

2010-01-01

126

12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Except as authorized by this subpart or otherwise by the OCC, no current or former OCC employee or agent may, in any manner, disclose or permit the disclosure of any non-public OCC information to anyone other than an employee or agent of the Comptroller for use in the performance of OCC...

2010-01-01

127

Facilitating the Collection and Dissemination of Information to Parents of Children in a Child Care Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve conditions at a nonprofit day care center serving low-income, mainly non-English-speaking families, this practicum addressed the need of recently immigrated parents to increase their knowledge of child development and available community resources. A total of 52 Hispanic parents were given materials at an information distribution area…

de Armas, Maria P.

128

New diagnostic strategy for sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation: a prospective single-center observational study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Inflammation and coagulation are closely interrelated pathophysiologic processes in the pathogenesis of sepsis. However, the diagnostic criteria of sepsis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) are different. This study aimed to define a biomarker panel to predict sepsis-induced DIC in emergency department patients. Methods Eighty-two patients who were admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary university hospital were included in this study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age >18 years; (2) ?1 systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria. Patients were excluded if they lacked biomarker data or apparent clinical manifestations. Eleven biomarkers were assayed from blood drawn on ED admission. Receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis including the area under the ROC and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify an optimal combination of biomarkers to create a diagnostic panel. The derived formula for weighting biomarker values was used to determine the severity of sepsis-induced DIC, which was divided into three categories: mild, moderate, and severe. We also investigated the ability of this classification to predict secondary outcome measures of rates of sepsis and DIC, DIC score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score, sequential organ failure score (SOFA) score, and 28-day all-cause mortality. Results Among the 11 biomarkers tested, the optimal 2-marker panel comprised presepsin and protein C. The area under the curve for the accuracies of predicting sepsis and DIC from these two biomarkers were 0.913 and 0.880, respectively. When patients were divided according to the severity of sepsis-induced DIC, all secondary outcomes except for mortality were significantly higher depending on the severity (P?

2014-01-01

129

Spatial Strategy Selection: Interesting Incremental Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to show that individuals differ in the way they solve spatial tasks of all kinds, and both research on and measurement of spatial ability could profit from an integration of strategy aspects. We first review evidence for both intra- and inter-individual strategy differences (including gender differences) in 3 domains of…

Gluck, Judith; Fitting, Sylvia

2003-01-01

130

Development of an integrated application portal for environmental spatial information dissemination in the Nestos river basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water resources management is a comprehensive planning process dimensioning all water related components. With this in mind, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires reliable and continuous water monitoring and collection of qualitative information in order to support decision making concerning water pollution events, focusing primarily on civil protection. The present research study initiates the coupling of water quality - quantity monitoring techniques and telemetric systems with geographic information system (GIS) based map server technologies for the near real time warning about potential water pollution events. The study is being implemented in the Greek part of the transboundary Nestos river basin and forms part of the Bulgarian and Greek European Territorial Cooperation Programme 2007-2013. The aim of this partnership is to develop an operational supportive mechanism for the Competent Authorities of water management in both countries in order to facilitate the planning and implementation of sustainable water management along with civil protection.

Zalidis, George; Karapetsas, Nikolaos; Skoulikaris, Charalampos; Misopolinos, Lazaros; Manesis, Charalampos

2013-08-01

131

Dissemination of information about the technologies of the Vision Research Lab through the World Wide Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Vision Research Lab at NASA John Glenn Research Center is headed by Dr. Rafat Ansari. Dr. Ansari and other researchers have developed technologies that primarily use laser and fiber optics to non-invasively detect different ailments and diseases of the eye. One of my goals as a LERCIP intern and ACCESS scholar for the 2004 summer is to inform other NASA employees, researchers and the general public about these technologies through the development of a website. The website incorporates the theme that the eye is a window to the body. Thus by investigating the processes of the eye, we can better understand and diagnosis different ailments and diseases. These ailments occur in not only earth bound humans, but astronauts as well as a result of exposure to elevated levels of radiation and microgravity conditions. Thus the technologies being developed at the Vision Research Lab are invaluable to humans on Earth in addition to those astronauts in space. One of my first goals was to research the technologies being developed at the lab. The first several days were spent immersing myself in the various articles, journals and reports about the theories behind Dynamic Light Scattering, Laser Doppler Flowmetry, Autofluoresence, Raman Spectroscopy, Polarimetry and Oximetry. Interviews with the other researchers proved invaluable to help understand these theories as well gain hands on experience with the devices being developed using these technologies. The rest of the Vision Research Team and I sat down and discussed how the overall website should be presented. Combining this information with the knowledge of the theories and applications of the hardware being developed, I worked out different ideas to present this information. I quickly learned Paint Shop Pro 8 and FrontPage 2002, as well as using online tutorials and other resources to help design an effective website. The Vision Research Lab website incorporates the anatomy and physiology of the eye, different diseases that affect the eye and the technologies being develop at the lab to help diagnosis these diseases. It also includes background information on Dr. Ansari as well as other researchers involved in the lab and it includes segments on patents, awards and achievements. There are links to help viewers navigate to internal and external websites to further investigate different ideas and hrther understand the implications of these technologies at being developed.

Dorais, Christopher M.

2004-01-01

132

Evaluation of television as a method of disseminating solar energy information  

SciTech Connect

This project included three separate studies undertaken to determine the effectiveness of television instruction as a method of effectively delivering information about solar energy systems to present and future workers in related industries, and as a method of delivery for adult continuing education instruction. All three studies used a series of five half-hour videotapes. A survey of the general public in the Las Cruces area was conducted to determine the number and occupational status of people watching the series on a local public broadcasting station. Surveys of random samples then assessed the prior level of knowledge on solar energy of residents from differing socioeconomic strata and any increase in knowledge after viewing the series. The worker study included apprentices, journeymen sheet metal workers, and materials handlers. These workers were given a pretest, shown the television series, and given a posttest. The relative effectiveness of television and regular instruction were compared in solar energy related vocational classes at two postsecondary institutions, and student attitudes concerning television instruction were assessed.

Edington, E.D.

1980-08-01

133

Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) Project: Dissemination of Weather Information for the Reduction of Aviation Weather-Related Accident Causal Factors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) is part of the Weather Accident Prevention (WxAP) Project, which is part of the NASA's Aviation Safety and Security Program. The goals of WINCOMM are to facilitate the exchange of tactical and strategic weather information between air and ground. This viewgraph presentation provides information on data link decision factors, architectures, validation goals. WINCOMM is capable of providing en-route communication air-to-ground, ground-to-air, and air-to-air, even on international or intercontinental flights. The presentation also includes information on the capacity, cost, and development of data links.

Jarrell, Michael; Tanger, Thomas

2004-01-01

134

Conventional or Interpersonal Communication: Which Works Best in Disseminating Malaria Information in an Endemic Rural Bangladeshi Community?  

PubMed Central

Background Since 2007, BRAC has been implementing malaria prevention and control programme in 13 endemic districts of Bangladesh under the National Malaria Control Programme. This study was done to examine the role of different communication media in bringing about changes in knowledge and awareness which facilitate informed decision-making for managing malaria-like illnesses. Methods A baseline survey in 2007 before inception of the programme, and a follow-up survey in 2012 were done to study changes in different aspects of programme interventions including the communication component. Both the surveys used the same sampling technique to select 25 households at random from each of the 30 mauza/villages in a district. A pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect relevant information from respondents in face-to-face interview. Analysis was done comparing the study areas at two different times. Statistical tests were done as necessary to examine the differences. Results The intervention succeeded in improving knowledge in some trivial areas (e.g., most frequent symptom suggestive of malaria, importance of using insecticidal bed nets) but not in critical domains necessary for taking informed action (e.g., mode of malaria transmission, awareness about facilities providing free malaria treatment). Inequity in knowledge and practice was quite common depending upon household affluence, location of households in high or low endemic districts, and sex. Of the different media used in Information, Education and communication (IEC) campaigns during the study period, interpersonal communication with community health workers/relatives/neighbours/friends was found to be more effective in improving knowledge and practice than conventional print and audio-visual media. Conclusion This study reiterates the fact that conventional media may not be user-friendly or culture-sensitive for this semi-literate/illiterate community where dissemination through ‘words of mouth’ is more common, and as such, interpersonal communication is more effective. This is especially important for initiating informed action by the community in managing malaria-like illnesses. PMID:24603849

Ahmed, Syed Masud; Hossain, Mohammad Shamim; Kabir, Moktadir

2014-01-01

135

INFORMATION LITERACY—AN INSTITUTION-WIDE STRATEGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the conceptualisation and implementation of an information literacy strategy within a concept of lifelong learning at the curriculum level. The strategy involves a framework which identifies the characteristics of the lifelong learner and which forms the basis of the development of resources. It argues that particular roles of teachers and staff providing academic services are central to

Rigmor George; Holly McCausland; Dale Wache

136

Information-driven resource negotiation strategies for multimedia applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose decentralized solutions for resource negotiation, where multiple autonomous users self-organize into a coali- tion which shares the same network resources and negoti- ate the division of these resources by exchanging informa- tion about their requirements. We discuss various network resource sharing strategies that the users can deploy based on their exchanged information. Several of these strategies are designed

Mihaela Van Der Schaar

2008-01-01

137

Informal and Incidental Teaching Strategies in Lay-Led Parishes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on research focusing on informal teaching strategies (modeling, coaching, networking, and continuous dialogue) that female pastors used in four rural Canadian Roman Catholic parishes where they led. Addresses factors that affected the pastors when choosing a teaching strategy. Considers the implications that surfaced for adult religious…

English, Leona M.

1999-01-01

138

Offering a Candidate Answer: An Information Seeking Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the use of candidate answers as an information seeking strategy--i.e., using a model answer in the query. Reports research suggesting some of the knowledge shared, ways participants analyze relevant situations, and how their analyses bear on the selection of this strategy. (MS)

Pomerantz, Anita

1988-01-01

139

Direct application of west coast geothermal resources in a wet corn milling plant supplementary analyses and information dissemination. Final report, addendum  

SciTech Connect

In an extension to the scope of the previous studies, supplementary analyses were to be performed for both plants which would assess the economics of geothermal energy if coal had been the primary fuel rather than oil and gas. The studies include: supplementary analysis for a coal fired wet corn milling plant, supplementary analysis for an East Coast frozen food plant with coal fired boilers, and information dissemination activities.

Not Available

1982-03-19

140

On the use of Web-based-GIS for managing and disseminating hazard and risk spatial information in volcanic areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In volcanic areas exposed to multiple geological hazards, the efficient interpretation of the increasing amount of geographical data is a challenging issue. Within the European MIAVITA project, we investigated to which extent WebGIS can facilitate this interpretation through the visualization of such complex hazard and risk database. This analysis was structured around (1) the development of a Web-based Geographical Information System (WebGIS) and of an application for managing the geographical database, and (2) interactions with a group of hazard and risk analysts and managers, civil security officers, GIS analysts and system developers. We tested the system in the Mount Cameroon volcano, taking advantage of a complex hazard and risk geographical database collected previously. Key requirements here related to the need for a structured and flexible GIS-database and to manage user's privileges differently according to their profile and the status of the volcano. In addition, this study showed that it is important for such systems to manage different status for data, from data than can only be interpreted by experts (e.g. some complex remote sensing products) to data that can be disseminated to any potential user (e.g. a regulatory hazard map). While the developed tool is able to provide users with enough flexibility to respond to the users' requirements, it is still necessary to own expertise in WebGIS to manage such tools in the long term in local volcano observatory. Nevertheless, this study shows that WebGIS-based systems can relatively easily integrate some most important working procedures of hazard and risk management in volcanic areas.

Le Cozannet, G.; Bagni, M.; Thierry, P.; Aragno, C.; Kouokam, E.

2013-10-01

141

The Strategy and Tactics of Information Warfare  

E-print Network

the industrial revolution before it, the information technology revolution appears to be creating a new ruling the Clausewitzian industrial-era model of destructive war with an information-era model promising greater efficiency around the turn of the twentieth century represented an important aspect of the naval revolution

Bishop, Matt

142

Information Technology-Based Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greater learning can be promoted by delivering information through a variety of media and through the use of interactive applications. In this paper, the effect of information technology on learning is seen as a function of how well interactive technologies support a specific model of learning and how appropriate that model is to the learning…

Passerini, Katia; Granger, Mary J.

143

Information Systems Enrollments: Challenges and Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the late 1990s, enrollments in Information Technology and Information Systems-related academic programs have declined sharply. This paper addresses possible causes of the enrollment decline, and some of the "myths" regarding careers in IT/IS are dispelled. A number of efforts underway at various universities and professional organizations in…

Granger, Mary J.; Dick, Geoffrey; Jacobson, Carolyn McKinnell; Van Slyke, Craig

2007-01-01

144

Dissemination of reconfiguration policies on mesh networks  

E-print Network

Dissemination of reconfiguration policies on mesh networks Fran¸cois Fouquet, Erwan Daubert, No services continuously. Tactical information and decision support systems for on field emergency management

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

Localized prostate cancer treatment decision-making information online: improving its effectiveness and dissemination for nonprofit and government-supported organizations.  

PubMed

The current study reports findings from evaluation research conducted to identify how online prostate cancer treatment decision-making information can be both improved and more effectively disseminated to those who need it most. A multi-method, multi-target approach was used and guided by McGuire's Communication Matrix Model. Focus groups (n = 31) with prostate cancer patients and their family members, and in-depth interviews with physicians (n = 8), helped inform a web survey (n = 89). Results indicated that physicians remain a key information source for medical advice and the Internet is a primary channel used to help make informed prostate cancer treatment decisions. Participants reported a need for more accessible information related to treatment options and treatment side effects. Additionally, physicians indicated that the best way for agencies to reach them with new information to deliver to patients is by contacting them directly and meeting with them one-on-one. Advice for organizations to improve their current prostate cancer web offerings and further ways to improve information dissemination are discussed. PMID:23907786

Silk, Kami J; Perrault, Evan K; Nazione, Samantha; Pace, Kristin; Hager, Polly; Springer, Steven

2013-12-01

146

Health information exchange: persistent challenges and new strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent federal policies and actions support the adoption of health information exchange (HIE) in order to improve healthcare by addressing fragmented personal health information. However, concerted efforts at facilitating HIE have existed for over two decades in this country. The lessons of these experiences include a recurrence of barriers and challenges beyond those associated with technology. Without new strategies, the

Joshua R. Vest; Larry D. Gamm

2010-01-01

147

Online Information Search Strategies: A Focus On Flights and Accommodations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of the research was to understand information search strategies that individuals utilized in online travel product purchases. Two products, flights and accommodations, were selected to examine each product's explanatory variables in online purchase behaviors. The results indicate online flight purchasers utilize direct information sources and focus on transactional attributes. Online accommodation purchasers utilize various types of sources; and

Soo Hyun Jun; Christine A. Vogt; Kelly J. MacKay

2010-01-01

148

Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

1993-01-01

149

Health information exchange: persistent challenges and new strategies  

PubMed Central

Recent federal policies and actions support the adoption of health information exchange (HIE) in order to improve healthcare by addressing fragmented personal health information. However, concerted efforts at facilitating HIE have existed for over two decades in this country. The lessons of these experiences include a recurrence of barriers and challenges beyond those associated with technology. Without new strategies, the current support and methods of facilitating HIE may not address these barriers. PMID:20442146

Gamm, Larry D

2010-01-01

150

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Information & Communication Technology Infrastructure Strategy  

E-print Network

Plan 3.3.4) Benefits Comprehensive Identity management system enabling a variety of current and future and management tools (Ref. Information Strategy Universal Access Working Group, e-Science and the Grid working and unified messaging including IP telephony Risks Poor or limited Identity management provisions will result

Guo, Zaoyang

151

From Informal Strategies to Structured Procedures: Mind the Gap!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores written calculation methods for division used by pupils in England (n=276) and the Netherlands (n=259). Analyses informal strategies and identifies progression towards more structured procedures that result from different teaching approaches. Comparison of methods used shows greater success in the Dutch approach which is based on…

Anghileri, Julia; Beishuizen, Meindert; Van Putten, Kees

2002-01-01

152

A Framework for Modeling Strategy, Business Processes and Information Systems  

E-print Network

A Framework for Modeling Strategy, Business Processes and Information Systems André Vasconcelos, an organization requires modeling its business processes. Business process modeling comprises the description is used not only in the business but also in the software domain. To represent the goal model, we propose

153

Ethics and the use of competitive information acquisition strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several business trends have forced accelerated efforts to acquire competitive intelligence. While coverage of business ethics in classroom instruction has accelerated, concerns over unethical competitive information acquisition strategies persist. The frequency of use by individuals, their companies, and their competitors is assessed, and the findings reveal the extent of this ethics gap.

Richard F. Beltramini

1986-01-01

154

35 Strategies for Guiding Readers through Informational Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical guide presents inspiring, research-based activities for teaching students in grades K-12 how to read and think critically about informational texts. With five essential types of strategies, seasoned and preservice teachers learn ways to help students select engaging, challenging reading materials; develop their knowledge of history,…

Moss, Barbara; Loh, Virginia S.

2010-01-01

155

Dissemination Strategies to Improve Implementation of the PHS Smoking Cessation Guideline in MCH Public Health Clinics: Experimental Evaluation Results and Contextual Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report results from an experimental study that tested the effectiveness of dissemination interventions to improve implementation of smoking cessation guidelines in maternal and child public health clinics. We additionally examine individual clinic results for contextual explanations not apparent from the experimental findings alone. Twelve…

Manfredi, Clara; Cho, Young Ik; Warnecke, Richard; Saunders, Stephen; Sullivan, Myrtis

2011-01-01

156

What information strategy responding to social needs should be?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the contemporary social phenomena that people think much of diversity of value, they are concerned with differentiation from others. Consumers' tendency to seek unique goods is common to all, giving impetus to makers' attitude that they try to produce varieties of goods but small amount for each. Consequently, life cycle of goods has become smaller than ever, and rapid and creative information gathering and utilization have become essential when makers produce goods responding to consumers' need. The author discusses how information strategy should be worked in the comprehensive business activities, and how information should be located as the powerful management resource.

Fujii, Kunihiko

157

Finland's strategy and implementation of citizens' access to health information.  

PubMed

The strategy for utilizing information technology in the field of social welfare and health care in Finland was published in 1996. It was redefined in the year 2006. This updated strategy defined basic principles how digitized EHRs should be stored, accessed, disclosed and archived. The strategy together with new legislation opened the right to patients and citizens to access their own EHRs, ePrescriptions and audit-logs via the Internet. A national WEB-service platform forms the base for both public and private eHealth applications. National identification and PKI-services cover health professionals, patients and entities. Citizen's consent management is provided at national level. The access to personal health information is managed using rules derived from legislation. The roll-out of the national health information infrastructure with citizen access to personal health information should by law be finalized before the end of 2011. The implementation of the NHII is demanding, but the real challenge is to clearly understand what the impacts of citizen access to personal health information are and to what direction this kind of services should be developed. At the present state, the Finnish EHR-archive contains only information created by a health professional. Citizens' eHealth services can not be limited to the use of regulated EHR data and ePrescriptions. For health promotion, proactive prevention and health prediction more comprehensive information is needed. Therefore the next step is to develop legislation and to build a trusted environment for the use and access of heterogeneous health and welfare information. PMID:18560100

Ruotsalainen, Pekka; Iivari, Anna-Kaisa; Doupi, Persephone

2008-01-01

158

Thermo2Pro: Knowledge dissemination for deep geothermal exploration  

E-print Network

1/12 Thermo2Pro: Knowledge dissemination for deep geothermal exploration Philippe Calcagno1 geothermal exploration, information system, Web tool, sedimentary basin, dissemination. Abstract The understanding of geology and petrophysical properties is necessary to develop deep geothermal projects. However

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

159

National Dissemination Forum, 1977. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is an analysis of nine agreements focused on three areas of common concern to dissemination specialists involved in the 1977 National Dissemination Forum: resources, linkage, research, evaluation and quality control. FORUM participants represented the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC of the National Institute of Education…

Brickell, Henry M.

160

Dissemination Special Purpose Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A year-long project was initiated to establish an efficient information dissemination network for the District of Columbia public school system. The project's major objectives were: (1) to establish a systemwide task force; (2) to analyze existing dissemination activities; (3) to undertake staff development activities for task force members; and…

Cooper, Mildred P.

161

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation  

MedlinePLUS

... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation? Disseminated intravascular coagulation (ko-ag-u-LA-shun), or DIC, is ... condition. Rate This Content: Next >> November 2, 2011 Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Clinical Trials Clinical trials are research studies that ...

162

The impact of information sharing strategies in multi-level supply chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information sharing is a major strategy to counteract the bullwhip effect. Previous research suggested that applying different ISS (information sharing strategy) to the supply chain may improve the supply chain performance under a simplified two-level supply chain model. In this paper, we present a simulation study that investigates the effectiveness of information sharing under different information sharing strategy scenarios within

Xiongwei Zhou; Feicheng Ma; Ling Zhang; Xueying Wang

2008-01-01

163

A mixed-methods study of research dissemination across practice-based research networks.  

PubMed

Practice-based research networks may be expanding beyond research into rapid learning systems. This mixed-methods study uses Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality registry data to identify networks currently engaged in dissemination of research findings and to select a sample to participate in qualitative semistructured interviews. An adapted Diffusion of Innovations framework was used to organize concepts by characteristics of networks, dissemination activities, and mechanisms for rapid learning. Six regional networks provided detailed information about dissemination strategies, organizational context, role of practice-based research network, member involvement, and practice incentives. Strategies compatible with current practices and learning innovations that generate observable improvements may increase effectiveness of rapid learning approaches. PMID:24594566

Lipman, Paula Darby; Lange, Carol J; Cohen, Rachel A; Peterson, Kevin A

2014-01-01

164

Information seeking by orangutans: a generalized search strategy?  

PubMed

Recent empirical work has suggested that some species of non-human primates may be aware of their knowledge states. One finding to support this claim is that they seek information about the location of a hidden food item when they are unsure of its location, but not when they already know where it is, which purportedly demonstrates metacognition. However, this behaviour may instead reflect a generalized search strategy, in which subjects reach for food when they see it, and search for it when they do not. In this experiment, this possibility was addressed by testing orangutans in three conditions in which the location of a food item was sometimes known to subjects, and other times required subjects to visually seek the missing information. All subjects exhibited behaviour consistent with a metacognitive interpretation in at least two of the three conditions. Critically, in two of the conditions, subjects refrained from seeking visual information, and correctly found the hidden food item without ever seeing it, using inference by exclusion. The results suggest that animals that succeed in this information-seeking task are not merely acting according to a generalized search strategy, and instead seek information adaptively according to their knowledge states. PMID:21918872

Marsh, Heidi L; MacDonald, Suzanne E

2012-05-01

165

Procedures for Creating a Media Environment to Help Change Teacher Role from Disseminating Information to Guiding Independent Learners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to show that preparation for and use of an audiovideo dial-select information retrieval system in a new middle school could help to change the teacher's role from that of dispenser of information to guide in an independent learning situation. Because of unavoidable delays in the installation of the dial-select equipment, the…

Sabella, Anthony C.

166

The use of social media and mobile device applications to disseminate natural hazard information by Natural Resources Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public expectation of near-instant and reliable information is constantly rising. Such expectation puts increasing demands on organizations charged with providing the public with information on hazard events in near-real-time, while ensuring quality and accuracy of content. Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) has responded by augmenting existing methods for earthquake information distribution with new and varied methods for relaying natural hazards information. We profile tools now employed operationally by NRCan to distribute earthquake information to emergency measures organizations, news media and the public. Also presented will be an example of a smart-'phone application which includes several tools for natural hazard preparedness and response, supplemented with automated real-time alerts.

Bird, A. L.; Ulmi, M.; Majewski, C.; Hayek, K.; Edwards, W.; McCormack, D. A.; Cole, R. T.; de Paor, D. R.

2011-12-01

167

Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

2013-01-01

168

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a monophasic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). Unlike viral encephalitis, microorganisms do not invade the CNS. Instead, ADEM is a postinfectious disease mediated by auto-reactive cells or molecules. Clinical characteristics of ADEM are consistent with disseminated involvement of the CNS, including encephalopathy and pyramidal, cerebellar, and brainstem signs. Bilateral optic neuritis and

Russell C. Dale

2003-01-01

169

Disseminating the Right Information to the Right Audience: Cultural Determinants in the Use (and Misuse) of Rankings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rankings and league tables, or Report Cards (RCs), of Higher Education Institutions have become a global phenomenon. Their purpose, it is claimed, is to help "student-consumers" make informed decisions. Yet the degree to which RCs succeed in helping students in their college choice is disputed. Even though RCs are intended for all, which…

Cremonini, Leon; Westerheijden, Don; Enders, Jurgen

2008-01-01

170

Improving data management and dissemination in web based information systems by semantic enrichment of descriptive data aspects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The German-Vietnamese water-related information system for the Mekong Delta (WISDOM) project supports business processes in Integrated Water Resources Management in Vietnam. Multiple disciplines bring together earth and ground based observation themes, such as environmental monitoring, water management, demographics, economy, information technology, and infrastructural systems. This paper introduces the components of the web-based WISDOM system including data, logic and presentation tier. It focuses on the data models upon which the database management system is built, including techniques for tagging or linking metadata with the stored information. The model also uses ordered groupings of spatial, thematic and temporal reference objects to semantically tag datasets to enable fast data retrieval, such as finding all data in a specific administrative unit belonging to a specific theme. A spatial database extension is employed by the PostgreSQL database. This object-oriented database was chosen over a relational database to tag spatial objects to tabular data, improving the retrieval of census and observational data at regional, provincial, and local areas. While the spatial database hinders processing raster data, a "work-around" was built into WISDOM to permit efficient management of both raster and vector data. The data model also incorporates styling aspects of the spatial datasets through styled layer descriptions (SLD) and web mapping service (WMS) layer specifications, allowing retrieval of rendered maps. Metadata elements of the spatial data are based on the ISO19115 standard. XML structured information of the SLD and metadata are stored in an XML database. The data models and the data management system are robust for managing the large quantity of spatial objects, sensor observations, census and document data. The operational WISDOM information system prototype contains modules for data management, automatic data integration, and web services for data retrieval, analysis, and distribution. The graphical user interfaces facilitate metadata cataloguing, data warehousing, web sensor data analysis and thematic mapping.

Gebhardt, Steffen; Wehrmann, Thilo; Klinger, Verena; Schettler, Ingo; Huth, Juliane; Künzer, Claudia; Dech, Stefan

2010-10-01

171

77 FR 12284 - Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...3] Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies...determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES...support for work on alarms; card readers; doors; locks; and...Environmental protection, Confidential business information. Dated:...

2012-02-29

172

Study on Collaboration Mechanisms of Information Resources Allocation Strategy in National Innovation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract-Information resources allocation strategy is the foundation of allocation activities development, is the overall plan and arrangement for a long-term allocation goal, implementation program and operation mechanism. According to the national innovation and development requirements, this study combined synergetic theory with traditional information resources allocation theory to analyze information resources allocation strategy collaboration mechanisms and collaboration evolution processes in National

Zeng Jianxun; Zhao Yang; Zhang Xiaodong

2010-01-01

173

Research dissemination and invocation on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of the Web as a new medium for disseminating and promoting scholarly research is discussed. Particular concern is given to its potential use to provide evidence of wider impact for research than that which can be shown by citation analysis. Recommendations are made for basic strategies for the reporting of the online impact of research leading to the

Mike Thelwall

2002-01-01

174

Clinical practice guideline dissemination and a new approach using Haddon matrix as a conceptual framework of evidence-based implementation strategies  

PubMed Central

To err is human. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are often not followed and lead to adverse outcomes. The issue on implementation of CPG is complex. A review of CPG implementation is done to identify the barriers and enablers. For the first time, a fishbone diagram is used to delineate the root-causes. And Haddon matrix is applied to help understand the complexity of evidence-based implementation (EBI) strategies. PMID:25214934

Pang, Peter

2010-01-01

175

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)  

MedlinePLUS

Levi M. Disseminated intravascular coagulation. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ Jr, Silberstein LE, et al., eds. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice . 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap ...

176

Teachers' Characteristics and Information Application Strategies of the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the use of the World Wide Web for instruction by fourth grade teachers. Identifies teacher characteristics, information-seeking strategies, and instructional application strategies, and reports that Web-knowledgeable teachers utilized reflexive application strategies and higher-level learning activities for teaching.…

Chen, Li-Ling; Huntsberger, John

2001-01-01

177

Informed Strategies for Learning: A Program to Improve Children's Reading Awareness and Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informed Strategies for Learning (ISL) was designed to increase children's awareness and use of effective reading strategies. This study demonstrated that metacognition can be promoted through direct instruction (ISL) in the classroom. Increased awareness can lead to better use of reading strategies. (DWH)

Paris, Scott G.; And Others

1984-01-01

178

77 FR 41370 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-07-13

179

77 FR 47361 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-08-08

180

Designation : the use of information-based strategies in planning and preservation  

E-print Network

This thesis explores one tool of government action - information - and its influence on local policy and planning. This thesis is not a comprehensive account of information-based strategies, which would require far-reaching ...

McCarthy, Danielle M

2005-01-01

181

Aligning Knowledge Sharing Strategy With Organizational and Cultural Contexts: An Information System Perspective  

E-print Network

Aligning Knowledge Sharing Strategy With Organizational and Cultural Contexts: An Information highlights the importance of organizational and cultural contexts in the efficiency of knowledge of the organizational and cultural contexts, information system functionalities to develop or to promote in order

Boyer, Edmond

182

Electronic Dissemination of Government Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. The first report, from the Government Accounting Office (GAO), studies the impact of providing documents solely in electronic format, and hypothesizes on what could be gained if some of the functions of the GPO were taken over by the Library of Congress.

2001-01-01

183

On Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System  

E-print Network

On Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System Steven M the use of data fusion techniques. Although these improvements have been observed from the fusion effective retrieval strategies in the same information retrieval system. From this, we show that data fusion

184

Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

Tsai, Meng-Jung

2009-01-01

185

Marketing of Information in the Water Sector in Tanzania: A Strategy for MAJIDOC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a strategy for marketing the information products and services of the Water and Sanitation Information and Documentation Centre (MAJIDOC) of the Water Resources Institute in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Objectives of the marketing strategy are explained, ideas for internal and external promotion are described, and a budget plan is included.…

Michael, Benedict P.

1992-01-01

186

The Relationship between Hospital Financial Performance and Information Technology Integration Strategy Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the new healthcare regulations, hospitals are increasingly reevaluating their IT integration strategies to meet expanded healthcare information exchange requirements. Nevertheless, hospital executives do not have all the information they need to differentiate between the available strategies and recognize what may better fit their…

Xie, Yue

2012-01-01

187

Climate change and standing freshwaters: informing adaptation strategies for conservation at  

E-print Network

Climate change and standing freshwaters: informing adaptation strategies for conservation received 26 July 2012 Climate change will have a major impact on freshwater environments globally and producing well-informed climate change adaptation strategies is a priority. Links between climate, hydrology

Hammerton, James

188

Challenges and Opportunities of Information Technology in the 90s. Track I: Planning and Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers from the 1990 CAUSE conference's Track 1, Planning and Strategy, are presented. They discuss approaches to information technology strategies which are commensurate with an institution's mission and strategic directions. Papers and their authors are as follows: "Future Directions in Higher Education: A CIO's (Chief Information Officer)…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

189

Creative Ways of Using and Disseminating Federal Information. Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred and Second Congress, First and Second Sessions, June 19, 1991, February 19 and June 4, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the hearings presented in this Congressional document was to highlight the enterprising, inventive, and imaginative ways that people use public information and ways that agencies disseminate it. Witnesses were called who could provide information about: (1) how federal data is used by people who make genuine contributions to the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture.

190

Quadriparalytic disseminated neurocysticercosis  

PubMed Central

Cysticercosis is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system. Cysticercosis infrequently affects the spine, but when it does, it can present with symptoms similar to other more common spinal diseases. Here, the authors report a case of disseminated cysticercosis, with simultaneous involvement of brain and the spinal cord. Initially, the patient was misdiagnosed as tuberculoma on the basis of cerebrospinal fluid examination and CT scan of brain and was being treated with antitubercular therapy. Later on the patient developed quadriparesis which was investigated and diagnosed to be disseminated neurocysticercosis. PMID:22787185

Jain, Nirdesh; Gutch, Manish; Agrawal, Avinash; Khanna, Arjun

2012-01-01

191

Taxonomy of information technology strategy and its impact on the performance of third-party logistics (3PL) in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a taxonomy of information technology strategies used by third-party logistics (3PL) firms in China based on a cluster analysis of survey data from 105 of these 3PL firms. The information technology strategies have been classified into three major groups: supportive, technological, and aligned. The paper also investigates the effect of information technology strategies on information technology advantage,

F. Lai; X. Zhao; Q. Wang

2007-01-01

192

Strategies in the information search process: interaction among task structure, knowledge, and source.  

PubMed

The authors explored the information search strategies of 145 individuals in the predecisional stage. Decision-making participants selected pieces of information from a list including relevant and irrelevant data. The authors investigated the influence of the individual's knowledge and information source. In Experiment 1, the authors experimentally manipulated the information source reliability. The results revealed that participants tended to use a sequential strategy when the authors presented information as supplied by a reliable source. In Experiment 2, the authors analyzed the interaction between information source and the individuals' knowledge. When participants believed the source to be reliable, even knowledgeable participants adopted a strategy as sequential as that chosen by naive individuals. In Experiment 3, a mediational model corroborated the hypothesis that the search strategy affects the final judgment. The results were consistent with the constructivist framework, which emphasizes the role of individual, task, and context in the decision-making process. PMID:18649492

Sacchi, Simona; Burigo, Michele

2008-07-01

193

A Retrospective on Information, Strategy, and Economics: After 20 Years at HICSS, What Have We Learned about IT and Strategy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In its twenty years the mini-track on information, strategy, and economics has made considerable pro- gress in developing theory that can serve as the basis for decision-making when managers face ambiguous and uncertain problems in an unfamiliar and rapidly changing environment. Just as scientists in other disciplines use experience and a small set of paradigmatic problems to structure unfamiliar situa-

Eric K. Clemons

2007-01-01

194

Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology. Testimony before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony discusses ways in which some federal government agencies use technology to provide the public with cheaper, faster access to a wider range of information which can be searched and manipulated in ways never possible on the printed page. Technologies included in the discussion are compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM), electronic…

Brock, Jack L., Jr.

195

Florida Dissemination Capacity Building Grant. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the goals, objectives, activities, and accomplishments of the Florida Capacity Building Project, which was undertaken to improve the information dissemination capabilities of the Florida educational community and which resulted in the establishment of the Florida Resources in Education Exchange (FREE). A detailed statement of…

Kuhn, G. Michael

196

The AFT Educational Research and Dissemination Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure is developed to provide information for local unions within the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) who may be interested in becoming Education Research and Dissemination (ER&D) sites. The following questions are addressed: (1) What Is ER&D? (2) What Can ER&D Accomplish? (3) What Makes ER&D Different? (4) What Do ER&D Participants…

American Federation of Teachers, 2007

2007-01-01

197

Computer software management, evaluation, and dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center involving the collection, processing, and distribution of software developed under the auspices of NASA and certain other federal agencies are reported. Program checkout and evaluation, inventory control, customer services and marketing, dissemination, program maintenance, and special development tasks are discussed.

1983-01-01

198

A Single System Image: An Information Systems Strategy. Professional Paper Series, #1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning for information systems and descriptions of the products needed to purvey an institution's information resources as though they were delivered from a single, integrated system are featured, emphasizing strategy and tactics. Various accepted premises for the current state of higher education information systems are set forth.…

Heterick, Robert C., Jr.

199

Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System1  

E-print Network

Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System Information Retrieval Laboratory Department of Computer Science Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, IL information retrieval system. Furthermore, our experiments have shown that the ratio of relevant to non

Chowdhury, Abdur

200

Independence of Contributing Retrieval Strategies in Data Fusion for Effective Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

IRSG98 1 Independence of Contributing Retrieval Strategies in Data Fusion for Effective Information (asmeaton@CompApp.DCU.IE) Abstract: In information retrieval, data fusion is a technique for combining for engineering any kind of information system based on combining the ranked retrieval of objects. 1. Introduction

Smeaton, Alan F.

201

Integrating network structure and dynamic information for better routing strategy on scale-free networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study information packet routing processes on scale-free networks by mimicking the Internet traffic delivery strategies. We incorporate both the global network structure information and local queuing information in the dynamic processes. We propose several new routing strategies to guide the packet routing. The performance of the routing strategies is measured by the average transit time of the packets as well as their dependence on the traffic amount. We find that the routing strategies which integrate both global network structure information and local dynamic information perform much better than the traditional shortest-path routing protocol which takes into account only the global topological information. Moreover, from comparative studies of these routing strategies, we observe that some of our proposed methods can decrease the average transit time of packets but the performance is closely dependent on the total amount of traffic while some other proposed methods can have good performance independent of the total amount of traffic with hyper-excellent average transit time of packets. Also, numerical results show that our proposed methods integrating network structure information and local dynamic information can work much better than the methods recently proposed in [S. Sreenivasan, R. Cohen, E. López, Z. Toroczkai, H.E. Stanley, Phys. Rev. E 75 (2007) 036105, Zhi-Xi Wu, Gang Peng, Eric W.M. Wong, Kai-Hau Yeung, J. Stat. Mech. (2008) P11002.], which only considered network structure information.

Tang, Xiao-Gai; Wong, Eric W. M.; Wu, Zhi-Xi

2009-06-01

202

A comparison of information functions and search strategies for sensor planning in target classification.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the comparative performance of several information-driven search strategies and decision rules using a canonical target classification problem. Five sensor models are considered: one obtained from classical estimation theory and four obtained from Bernoulli, Poisson, binomial, and mixture-of-binomial distributions. A systematic approach is presented for deriving information functions that represent the expected utility of future sensor measurements from mutual information, Rènyi divergence, Kullback-Leibler divergence, information potential, quadratic entropy, and the Cauchy-Schwarz distance. The resulting information-driven strategies are compared to direct-search, alert-confirm, task-driven (TS), and log-likelihood-ratio (LLR) search strategies. Extensive numerical simulations show that quadratic entropy typically leads to the most effective search strategy with respect to correct-classification rates. In the presence of prior information, the quadratic-entropy-driven strategy also displays the lowest rate of false alarms. However, when prior information is absent or very noisy, TS and LLR strategies achieve the lowest false-alarm rates for the Bernoulli, mixture-of-binomial, and classical sensor models. PMID:22057064

Zhang, Guoxian; Ferrari, Silvia; Cai, Chenghui

2012-02-01

203

Millennial Undergraduate Research Strategies in Web and Library Information Retrieval Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the author's dissertation regarding search strategies of millennial undergraduate students in Web and library online information retrieval systems. Millennials bring a unique set of search characteristics and strategies to their research since they have never known a world without the Web. Through the use of search engines,…

Porter, Brandi

2011-01-01

204

A Comparison of Two Strategies for Teaching Third Graders to Summarize Information Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizing text is one of the most effective comprehension strategies (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2000) and an effective way to learn from information text (Dole, Duffy, Roehler, & Pearson, 1991; Pressley & Woloshyn, 1995). In addition, much research supports the explicit instruction of such strategies as…

Dromsky, Ann Marie

2011-01-01

205

Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free…

Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

2012-01-01

206

Information Research Strategies for Graduate Students and Researchers Course Title and Number: Information Research Strategies for Graduate Students and Researchers ULIB 696a  

E-print Network

skills, such as using cited reference searching, conducting comprehensive literature reviews using a bibliographic management program. · Describe the elements of a comprehensive review of the literature. · Apply Title and Number: Information Research Strategies for Graduate Students and Researchers ULIB 696a

Arizona, University of

207

InfoThink: Practical Strategies for Using Information in Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the world of business shifts towards a knowledge economy, the growing availability of information delivered in print and electronic media will require professionals well-versed in the methodologies of information thinking and knowledgeable of the practical resources available to them. This book provides a window on the complexities of the…

Park, Mary Woodfill

208

A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

2014-01-01

209

Information sharing versus order aggregation strategies in supply chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how differently aggregated order data may affect inventories and service levels in a serial supply chain and compares the results against various levels of information sharing. By performing sensitivity analysis, critical parameters are identified and conjectures for explaining the divergent results on the value of information sharing in prior literature

Roman Schmidt

2009-01-01

210

WERS98 Data Dissemination Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website, brought online last month, is designed to help users with access to and analysis of data from the 1998 Workplace Employee Relations Survey (WERS98) of Great Britain. WERS maps the patterns of employment relations practice in Britain, monitors changes in such practices over time, and provides assessments of the effects of public policy. In addition to providing a link to the raw data from WERS at the University of Essex, the Data Dissemination site offers copies of the surveys and interview scripts from WERS, an Introductory Guide to the Analysis of WERS98, data tabulations, a list of related publications and links, and access to a WERS user group, allowing teachers, students, and researchers to exchange information concerning data analysis. The site is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

211

75 FR 25850 - Materials Strategy Request for Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy (DOE) is seeking information from stakeholders on rare earth elements and other materials used in energy technologies, particularly...to develop a strategic plan for addressing the role of rare earth elements and other materials in energy technologies and...

2010-05-10

212

Strategies on the Implementation of China's Logistics Information Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The economic globalization and trend of e-commerce network have determined that the logistics industry will be rapidly developed in the 21st century. In order to achieve the optimal allocation of resources, a worldwide rapid and sound customer service system should be established. The establishment of a corresponding modern logistics system is the inevitable choice of this requirement. It is also the inevitable choice for the development of modern logistics industry in China. The perfect combination of modern logistics and information network can better promote the development of the logistics industry. Through the analysis of Status of Logistics Industry in China, this paper summed up the domestic logistics enterprise logistics information system in the building of some common problems. According to logistics information systems planning methods and principles set out logistics information system to optimize the management model.

Dong, Yahui; Li, Wei; Guo, Xuwen

213

76 FR 16621 - Critical Materials Strategy Request for Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is seeking information from stakeholders on rare earth elements and other materials used in energy technologies to support analyses updating its 2010 Critical Materials...

2011-03-24

214

A Cognitive Task Analysis of Information Management Strategies in a Computerized Provider Order Entry Environment  

PubMed Central

Objective Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) with electronic documentation, and computerized decision support dramatically changes the information environment of the practicing clinician. Prior work patterns based on paper, verbal exchange, and manual methods are replaced with automated, computerized, and potentially less flexible systems. The objective of this study is to explore the information management strategies that clinicians use in the process of adapting to a CPOE system using cognitive task analysis techniques. Design Observation and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 88 primary-care clinicians at 10 Veterans Administration Medical Centers. Measurements Interviews were taped, transcribed, and extensively analyzed to identify key information management goals, strategies, and tasks. Tasks were aggregated into groups, common components across tasks were clarified, and underlying goals and strategies identified. Results Nearly half of the identified tasks were not fully supported by the available technology. Six core components of tasks were identified. Four meta-cognitive information management goals emerged: 1) Relevance Screening; 2) Ensuring Accuracy; 3) Minimizing memory load; and 4) Negotiating Responsibility. Strategies used to support these goals are presented. Conclusion Users develop a wide array of information management strategies that allow them to successfully adapt to new technology. Supporting the ability of users to develop adaptive strategies to support meta-cognitive goals is a key component of a successful system. PMID:17068345

Weir, Charlene R.; Nebeker, Jonathan J.R.; Hicken, Bret L.; Campo, Rebecca; Drews, Frank; LeBar, Beth

2007-01-01

215

Disseminated superficial porokeratosis.  

PubMed

A 62-year-old woman with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis presented for evaluation and treatment of a one-week history of pruritic, pink spots on her trunk and extremities. Several weeks prior, therapy with certolizumab pegol and methotrexate was started for her psoriatic arthritis. A biopsy specimen was consistent with the diagnosis of porokeratosis. Owing to the setting of immunosuppression and presence of symmetric pruritic lesions on non-sun exposed areas, the diagnosis of disseminated superficial porokeratosis was made. PMID:21163171

Brauer, Jeremy A; Mandal, Rajni; Walters, Ruth; Solomon, Gary; Kundu, Roopal V; Strober, Bruce E

2010-01-01

216

Communicating Research to Small Drinking Water Systems: Dissemination by Researchers  

EPA Science Inventory

This talk discusses the challenges of disseminating research relevant to small systems. The presentation discusses efforts by the U.S. EPA’s Office of Research and Development to effectively communicating drinking water information. In particular, communication approaches ...

217

Low-complexity approaches to distributed data dissemination  

E-print Network

In this thesis we consider practical ways of disseminating information from multiple senders to multiple receivers in an optimal or provably close-to-optimal fashion. The basis for our discussion of optimal transmission ...

Coleman, Todd P. (Todd Prentice), 1977-

2006-01-01

218

Informing Severely III Patients: Needs, Shortcomings and Strategies for Improvement  

PubMed Central

Summary The scope of palliative care has expanded gradually over the last decade. Provision of palliative care is not restricted to the last months of life as in some out-dated concepts. It addresses the needs of severely ill patients in all care settings (in- and outpatients, home care, hospices). Particularly in the last years, the value of integrating palliative care early in the disease trajectory of life-threatening and incurable diseases has become increasingly acknowledged. In order for patients to fully benefit from the concept of early integration of palliative care, they need to be provided with information tailored to their disease trajectory. For example, patients and relatives need to know how symptoms such as pain, depression, fatigue, breathlessness, or anxiety can be alleviated. The patients’ knowledge and understanding will support the coping process, improve comfort and enhance patient participation and autonomy. Since information needs are highly individual and vary throughout the course of the disease, an interactive approach of assessing the patients’ needs and responding to them adequately is mandatory. In this article, the information needs of advanced cancer patients and their families are explained, shortcomings of the present information concepts are discussed, and an integrative approach to responding to patients’ information needs throughout the care pathway is advocated. PMID:21547020

Strohbuecker, Barbara; Gaertner, Jan; Stock, Stephanie

2011-01-01

219

Project Information Form Project Title White Paper on Strategies for Transitioning to Zero-Emission Vehicles--  

E-print Network

Project Information Form Project Title White Paper on Strategies for Transitioning to Zero-Emission Vehicles-- Passenger University UC Davis Principal Investigator Tom Turrentine PI Contact Information Ph this will require sustained collaborations between government at all levels and stakeholders, investments

California at Davis, University of

220

Talk as a Metacognitive Strategy during the Information Search Process of Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper describes a metacognitive strategy related to the social dimension of the information search process of adolescents. Method: A case study that used naturalistic methods to explore the metacognitive thinking nd associated emotions of ten adolescents. The study was framed by Kuhlthau's Information Search Process model and…

Bowler, Leanne

2010-01-01

221

Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

222

RESEARCH ARTICLE Locomoting-to-reach: information variables and control strategies  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Locomoting-to-reach: information variables and control strategies for nested online: 20 September 2011 Ã? Springer-Verlag 2011 Abstract Locomoting-to-reach is a basic perception/ action behavior that requires visual information for the control of both locomotion and reaching

Bingham, Geoffrey P.

223

Strategy Development as a Function of the Amount of Relevant or Irrelevant Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this experiment was to provide further information on how an individual's strategy and his performance are affected by increasing the amount of relevant or irrelevant information he receives. The subjects were sixty volunteers from an undergraduate course in educational psychology who were randomly assigned to one of six treatment…

Culross, Rita R.; Davis, J. Kent

224

Mapping the Journey: Developing an Information Literacy Strategy as Part of Curriculum Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will outline the development of an Information Literacy Strategy in 2009 as part of an overall program of curriculum review and renewal at La Trobe University, Australia. Current information literacy programs at La Trobe University Library employ a diverse range of approaches and delivery methods. However, they are limited in scope…

Salisbury, Fiona; Sheridan, Linda

2011-01-01

225

INFORMATION RETRIEVAL WITH INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA: A STUDY OF SECONDARY PUPILS' SEARCHING STRATEGIES USING \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study of the information retrieval strategies of secondary school children using Microsoft ® Encarta™, multimedia encyclopaedia. Data were collected by systematic observation and interviewing procedures. Analysis of the data revealed that the children predominantly used the alphabetic index to find the required information. Keyword searching was rarely used and search tactics were in general unplanned,

Helen Drenoyianni; Ian D. Selwood

226

Classical Deception Techniques and Perception Management vs. the Four Strategies of Information Warfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of deception techniques for intelligence operations, strategic and tactical deception in war, politics, business and media manipulation is well established and well documented. This paper analyses established deception techniques in the context of the four canonical strategies of Information Warfare, to establish an information theoretical and game theoretical framework for future modelling and analysis.

C. Kopp

227

Web 2.0 Strategy in Libraries and Information Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web 2.0 challenges libraries to change from their predominantly centralised service models with integrated library management systems at the hub. Implementation of Web 2.0 technologies and the accompanying attitudinal shifts will demand reconceptualisation of the nature of library and information service around a dynamic, ever changing, networked,…

Byrne, Alex

2008-01-01

228

Test Information Targeting Strategies for Adaptive Multistage Testing Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive multistage testlet (MST) designs appear to be gaining popularity for many large-scale computer-based testing programs. These adaptive MST designs use a modularized configuration of preconstructed testlets and embedded score-routing schemes to prepackage different forms of an adaptive test. The conditional information targeting (CIT)…

Luecht, Richard M.; Burgin, William

229

The Impact of Internet Information Resources on Research Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1996 a team of researchers at the Alcohol Research Group (ARG) in Berkeley and the Addiction Research Foundation (ARF) in Toronto began a three year study of U.S. federal alcohol control policy. This paper draws on anecdotal evidence from the Policy Project to make a case study of the impact of Internet information resources on the development and adaptation

Suzanne P. Johnson; Lise Anglin; Lynn T. Kavanagh; Thomas K. Greenfield; Norman A. Giesbrecht

1999-01-01

230

A Distributed Information Strategy. AIR Forum 1982 Paper. Preliminary Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planning issues and computing technology changes are reviewed and decision support systems are examined as a means of providing an appropriate information system for the university institutional research office. Examples of formative attempts to provide such systems at Carnegie-Mellon University (CMU) and other institutions are considered. The…

Baker, Michael E.

231

Nursing research: historical background and teaching information strategies.  

PubMed Central

The expansion of research-based literature is one of the foremost goals of the nursing profession. Linked to this goal are the utilization and further development of nursing libraries. This paper discusses some historical factors that have influenced nursing literature. It presents a model for teaching graduate nursing students the relationship between research and library information skills. PMID:3518840

Sarkis, J M; Conners, V L

1986-01-01

232

Strategies of English Independent Learning Ability Based on Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of information technology, the goal of English teaching varies from focusing on the master of language knowledge to attending the human education, and emphasizing the cultivation of independent learning ability and lifelong learning ability. The original method of teaching and learning is not suitable for the need of the cultivating the independent learning ability in the

Zhang Mei

2009-01-01

233

Make It Real: Strategies for Success with Informational Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a practical classroom guide to unlocking the treasures of informational texts. It also aims to demonstrate that reading and writing nonfiction can overcome the gender gap, allowing girls and boys to share interests in any subject from bugs and magnets to gardens and cake baking. It explains the use of a range of instructional…

Hoyt, Linda

234

INFOQUEST: A Research Strategy Approach to Locating Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally developed by Utah State University's Merrill Library and the English Department's Writing Center, INFOQUEST includes a gameboard, 18 factsheets, and 16 worksheets. These materials were designed to (1) present basic information-finding techniques in a simple, comprehensive, and enjoyable manner; (2) help freshman students plan and…

Coons, Bill

235

Seamless integration: Electronic information strategies at Cranfield University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cranfield University is based on several campuses, providing teaching and research in a number of areas related to science, technology and management. Postgraduate courses and research are the primary interests of Cranfield campus, which is witnessing growing demand for part?time and distance learning courses, and for remote support to research students. Its Library and Information Services need to consider the

Simon Bains; Simon J. Bevan

1998-01-01

236

Recent Strategies for Retrieving Chemical Structure Information on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various methods for retrieving chemical structure information on the World Wide Web are discussed. Although graphical plug-in programs provide more search capabilities, users first have to obtain a copy of the programs. Tripos's WebSketch and ACD Interactive Lab adopt a different approach; using JAVA applets, users create and display a structure…

Lo, Mei Ling

1997-01-01

237

The Information Seeking Strategies of High School Science Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the use of the Artemis web-based interface, which provides a digital library for students to search, organize, and evaluate science information related to project-based investigations. Describes high school science students' use of the scaffolding features embedded in Artemis. Reports that students relied upon the Organizational Feature…

Lumpe, Andrew T.; Butler, Kyle

2002-01-01

238

Delusions of Disseminated Fungosis  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Delusional infestation is a rare monosymptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis according to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It can be a primary disorder or associated with an underlying psychological or physical disorder. It commonly presents as delusional parasitosis, and less than 1% may be fungi related. We present this case as it is a rare presentation of a rare condition. Case Presentation. Our patient is a 60-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a 7-year history of delusional infestation manifested as a disseminated fungal infection. He had previously been reviewed by multiple physicians for the same with no systemic illness diagnosed. After multiple reviews and thorough investigation we diagnosed him with a likely delusional disorder. As is common with this patient cohort he refused psychiatric review or antipsychotic medication. Conclusion. A delusion of a disseminated fungal infestation is a rare condition. It is exceedingly difficult to treat as these patients often refuse to believe the investigation results and diagnosis. Furthermore, they either refuse or are noncompliant with treatment. Multidisciplinary outpatient evaluation may be the best way to allay patient fears and improve treatment compliance. PMID:25610675

Griffin, Paul Matthew

2014-01-01

239

Delusions of disseminated fungosis.  

PubMed

Introduction. Delusional infestation is a rare monosymptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis according to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It can be a primary disorder or associated with an underlying psychological or physical disorder. It commonly presents as delusional parasitosis, and less than 1% may be fungi related. We present this case as it is a rare presentation of a rare condition. Case Presentation. Our patient is a 60-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a 7-year history of delusional infestation manifested as a disseminated fungal infection. He had previously been reviewed by multiple physicians for the same with no systemic illness diagnosed. After multiple reviews and thorough investigation we diagnosed him with a likely delusional disorder. As is common with this patient cohort he refused psychiatric review or antipsychotic medication. Conclusion. A delusion of a disseminated fungal infestation is a rare condition. It is exceedingly difficult to treat as these patients often refuse to believe the investigation results and diagnosis. Furthermore, they either refuse or are noncompliant with treatment. Multidisciplinary outpatient evaluation may be the best way to allay patient fears and improve treatment compliance. PMID:25610675

Gassiep, Ian; Griffin, Paul Matthew

2014-01-01

240

Confirming preferences or collecting data? Information search strategies and romantic partner selection.  

PubMed

This article investigates two kinds of information search strategies in the context of selecting romantic partners. Confirmatory searching occurs when people ask for more information about a romantic partner in order to validate or confirm their assessment. Balanced searches are characterized by a search for risk information for partners rated as attractive and for attractiveness information about partners rated as risky in order to attain a more complete evaluation. A factorial survey computer program randomly constructed five types of partner descriptions and college-age respondents evaluated nine descriptions in terms of both health risk and romantic attractiveness outcomes. The results show little evidence of balanced search strategies: for all vignette types the respondents searched for attractiveness information. Regression analysis of the search outcomes showed no difference between males and females in the desire for attractiveness or risk information, the amount of additional information desired, or the proportion of descriptions for which more information was desired. However, an attractive physical appearance did increase the amount of additional information desired and the proportion of vignettes for which more information was desired. The results were generally inconsistent with a balanced search hypothesis; a better characterization of the respondents' strategy might be "confirmatory bias." PMID:18350465

Hennessy, Michael H; Fishbein, Marty; Curtis, Brenda; Barrett, Daniel

2008-03-01

241

Confirming Preferences or Collecting Data? Information Search Strategies and Romantic Partner Selection  

PubMed Central

This article investigates two kinds of information search strategies in the context of selecting romantic partners. Confirmatory searching occurs when people ask for more information about a romantic partner in order to validate or confirm their assessment. Balanced searches are characterized by a search for risk information for partners rated as attractive and for attractiveness information about partners rated as risky in order to attain a more complete evaluation. A factorial survey computer program randomly constructed 5 types of partner descriptions and college-age respondents evaluated nine descriptions in terms of both health risk and romantic attractiveness outcomes. The results show little evidence of balanced search strategies: for all vignette types the respondents searched for attractiveness information. Regression analysis of the search outcomes showed no difference between males and females in the desire for attractiveness or risk information, the amount of additional information desired, or the proportion of descriptions for which more information was desired. However, an attractive physical appearance did increase the amount of additional information desired and the proportion of vignettes for which more information was desired. The results were generally inconsistent with a balanced search hypothesis; a better characterization of the respondents' strategy might be “confirmatory bias.” PMID:18350465

Hennessy, Michael; Fishbein, Martin; Curtis, Brenda; Barrett, Daniel W.

2010-01-01

242

Knowledge Translation Strategies for Enhancing Nurses’ Evidence-Informed Decision Making: A Scoping Review  

PubMed Central

Background Nurses are increasingly expected to engage in evidence-informed decision making (EIDM); the use of research evidence with information about patient preferences, clinical context and resources, and their clinical expertise in decision making. Strategies for enhancing EIDM have been synthesized in high-quality systematic reviews, yet most relate to physicians or mixed disciplines. Existing reviews, specific to nursing, have not captured a broad range of strategies for promoting the knowledge and skills for EIDM, patient outcomes as a result of EIDM, or contextual information for why these strategies “work.” Aim To conduct a scoping review to identify and map the literature related to strategies implemented among nurses in tertiary care for promoting EIDM knowledge, skills, and behaviours, as well as patient outcomes and contextual implementation details. Methods A search strategy was developed and executed to identify relevant research evidence. Participants included registered nurses, clinical nurse specialists, nurse practitioners, and advanced practice nurses. Strategies were those enhancing nurses’ EIDM knowledge, skills, or behaviours, as well as patient outcomes. Relevant studies included systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, cluster randomized controlled trials, non-randomized trials (including controlled before and after studies), cluster non-randomized trials, interrupted time series designs, prospective cohort studies, mixed-method studies, and qualitative studies. Two reviewers performed study selection and data extraction using standardized forms. Disagreements were resolved through discussion or third party adjudication. Results Using a narrative synthesis, the body of research was mapped by design, clinical areas, strategies, and provider and patient outcomes to determine areas appropriate for a systematic review. Conclusions There are a sufficiently high number of studies to conduct a more focused systematic review by care settings, study design, implementation strategies, or outcomes. A focused review could assist in determining which strategies can be recommended for enhancing EIDM knowledge, skills, and behaviours among nurses in tertiary care. PMID:24934565

Yost, Jennifer; Thompson, David; Ganann, Rebecca; Aloweni, Fazila; Newman, Kristine; McKibbon, Ann; Dobbins, Maureen; Ciliska, Donna

2014-01-01

243

Informed Strategies for Learning: A program to improve children's reading awareness and comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined the role of awareness about their own cognitive skills on the learning and development of 87 3rd graders and 83 5th graders. Half of the Ss were given an experimental curriculum––informed strategies for learning (ISL)––designed to increase Ss' awareness and use of effective reading strategies. The remainder of the Ss were used as controls. Results show that Ss who

Scott G. Paris; David R. Cross; Marjorie Y. Lipson

1984-01-01

244

Jabs and barbs: ways to address misleading vaccination and immunisation information using currently available strategies.  

PubMed

Misleading vaccination information undermines confidence in vaccination and may lead to reductions in the effectiveness of vaccination programs. A number of regulatory techniques can be employed to challenge the spread of false information, including health care complaints, therapeutic goods laws, consumer protection laws and professional discipline. This article examines three case studies involving the publication of anti-vaccination information by non-professionally aligned organisations, by non-registered health professionals, and by registered health professionals under the National Law. The article examines the effectiveness of different regulatory responses and makes suggestions for future strategies to deal with the publication of demonstrably false information regarding vaccination. PMID:24218789

Wardle, Jon; Stewart, Cameron; Parker, Malcolm

2013-09-01

245

A systematic review of studies evaluating diffusion and dissemination of selected cancer control interventions.  

PubMed

With this review, the authors sought to determine what strategies have been evaluated (including the outcomes assessed) to disseminate cancer control interventions that promote the uptake of behavior change. Five topic areas along the cancer care continuum (smoking cessation, healthy diet, mammography, cervical cancer screening, and control of cancer pain) were selected to be representative. A systematic review was conducted of primary studies evaluating dissemination of a cancer control intervention. Thirty-one studies were identified that evaluated dissemination strategies in the 5 topic areas. No strong evidence currently exists to recommend any one dissemination strategy as effective in promoting the uptake of cancer control interventions. The authors conclude that there is a strong need for more research into dissemination of cancer control interventions. Future research should consider methodological issues such as the most appropriate study design and outcomes to be evaluated. PMID:16162043

Ellis, Peter; Robinson, Paula; Ciliska, Donna; Armour, Tanya; Brouwers, Melissa; O'Brien, Mary Ann; Sussman, Jonathan; Raina, Parminder

2005-09-01

246

Information systems strategy for small and medium sized enterprises: an organisational perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information systems strategy (ISS) use is under-developed for, and under-researched in, small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper reviews existing approaches to ISS for SMEs, finding them now out-dated and technology-focussed. The paper develops an approach that reflects on the role of information as a strategic resource. It argues that ISS recommendations in small firms need to take account

M. Levy; P. Powell

2000-01-01

247

The Impact of Outsourcing Strategies on Information Systems Capabilities in the Hotel Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work analyses the strategy of outsourcing information systems and information technology (IS\\/IT), considering the different activities comprising the IS\\/IT area. The literature on IS contains numerous works that analyse outsourcing, very few of which examine the relationship with the different types of capabilities in the IS\\/IT area and their strategic value. Most works centre on the motives for, and

Tomás F. Espino-Rodríguez; Antonia M. Gil-Padilla

2007-01-01

248

Learning User Profiles for Personalized Informat ion Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalized information systems represent the recent effort of delivering information to users more effectively in the modern electronic age. This paper illustrates how a supervised Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) system, known as fuzzy ARAM, can be used to learn user pro- files for personalized information dissemination. ARAM learning is on-line, fast, and incremental. Acquisition of new knowledge does not require

Ah-Hwee Tan; Christine Teo; Heng Mui Keng

1998-01-01

249

Patterns of co-alignment in information-intensive organizations: business performance through integration strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) has transformed business practices in the last several decades: operations, product strategies, distribution, and customer service have become increasingly dependent on IT. Moreover, IT has changed its orientation from that of pure operational utility in the 1960s and 1970s to that of a competitive weapon in the 1990s and today. These phenomena have affected the way modern

Yannis A. Pollalis

2003-01-01

250

The Effect of Information Mapping Strategy on Mathematics Conceptual Knowledge of Junior High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of information mapping strategy on mathematics conceptual knowledge of junior high school students in Rokan Hulu Riau, Indonesia. The study also examined the relationship between mathematics conceptual knowledge and mathematics achievement. Using a quasi-experimental method, the study was…

Zulnaidi, Hutkemri; Zakaria, Effandi

2010-01-01

251

Needed Capabilities and Development Strategies for Future Information Professionals: A Malaysian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses results of a survey of professional leadership of library and information organizations in Malaysia that was conducted to gather perceptions about the trends in the field during the next 10 years, the extent of preparedness of entry-level professionals, and strategies for improving education and development programs. (Author/LRW)

Rehman, Saijad Ur; Baker, Ahmad Bakeri Abu; Majid, Sheheen

1998-01-01

252

Calibration, Information, and Control Strategies for Braking to Avoid a Collision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored visual control strategies for braking to avoid collision by manipulating information about speed of self-motion. Participants watched computer-generated displays and used a brake to stop at an object in the path of motion. Global optic flow rate and edge rate were manipulated by adjusting eyeheight and ground-texture size.…

Fajen, Brett R.

2005-01-01

253

Informative Brand Advertising and Pricing Strategies in Internet Markets with Heterogeneous Consumer Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information intermediaries has been shown to undermine the effect of brand in online markets. In this paper, the effect of consumer search on the relationship between brand advertising and pricing strategies is analysed. Price data are taken from the leading UK motor insurance comparison website, with the advantage that prices can be related to the search characteristics

Stephen McDonald; Colin Wren

2012-01-01

254

Theoretical perspective to analyze organizational strategy for information and communications technology standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standardization of innovative technology can create great competitive advantage for organizations. In addition, the consequences of interactions between organizations as they implement their standards strategies can have tremendous socio-economic impact, especially with the current convergence in information and communications technology. The existing research on standards uses economic theories to explain how economic factors stimulate technology standardization and game theory to

DongBack Seo

2007-01-01

255

Information systems outsourcing strategies for affiliated firms of the Korean conglomerate groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information systems (IS) outsourcing has received little academic attention in the non-Western context. This paper reports on IS outsourcing strategies for the affiliated firms of the Korean conglomerate groups which possess their own IS subsidiaries. Aggregating the IS departments of the groups' firms into a separate IS division has been a major trend among the Korean conglomerate groups. The IS

Jae-Nam Lee; Young-Gul Kim

1997-01-01

256

Disseminated intravascular coagulation  

PubMed Central

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a reflection of an underlying systemic disorder which affects the coagulation system, simultaneously resulting in pro-coagulant activation, fibrinolytic activation, and consumption coagulopathy and finally may result in organ dysfunction and death. Though septicaemia is the most common cause of DIC, several other conditions can also lead to it. A diagnosis of DIC should be made only in the presence of a causative factor supported by repeated laboratory tests for coagulation profile and clotting factors. An effective scoring system helps to detect an overt DIC and a high score closely correlates with mortality. Treatment of DIC is aimed at combating the underlying disorder followed by supportive management. Low molecular weight heparin is advocated in special situations whereas anti-thrombin III and activated protein C are of doubtful value. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment backed by laboratory support can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with it. The methodology of search for this review article involved hand search from text books and internet search using Medline (via PubMed) using key words DIC, thrombosis, fibrin degradation products, anti-thrombin and tissue factor for the last 25 years and also recent evidence-based reviews. PMID:25535423

Venugopal, A

2014-01-01

257

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR TRUSTED IDENTITIES IN CYBERSPACE Appendix A Fair Information Practice  

E-print Network

should be transparent and notify individuals regarding collection, use, dissemination, and maintenance for the collection, use, dissemination, and maintenance of PII. Organizations should also provide mechanisms be for a purpose compatible with the purpose for which the PII was collected. Data Quality and Integrity

Magee, Joseph W.

258

Dissemination of Student Research in a Canadian Master of Science in Physical Therapy Programme  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the extent of presentation and publication, as well as time to publication, of student research completed as a component of a Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MScPT) degree at a Canadian university. Method: The authors conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of MScPT research projects completed between 2003 and 2009, each undertaken by a group of MScPT students who carried out protocol development, ethics submission, data collection, analysis, and manuscript and poster preparation under the supervision of research advisors. Research advisors were e-mailed a request for citations of presentations and publications. Results: Advisors from 102 of 113 research projects completed from 2003 through 2009 provided information, for a response rate of 90.3%. Of the 102 groups, 53.9% disseminated findings through publication or presentation, 33.3% presented at one or more conferences, and 30.4% published at least one peer-reviewed journal article. Median time to publication was 21 months. Almost half the journal articles (47%) were published in Physiotherapy Canada. Conclusions: MScPT student research groups are disseminating their findings through publication or presentation at a moderate rate. Investigation of factors influencing dissemination is needed to develop strategies to facilitate knowledge transfer. PMID:24403678

O'Brien, Kelly; Evans, Cathy; Yoshida, Karen

2013-01-01

259

[Disseminated intravascular coagulations].  

PubMed

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) syndromes can be defined as the formation of fibrin deposits within the microcirculation, occurring in definite clinical situations. Their biological counterpart is a consumption coagulopathy. The clinical profiles of DIC have been well known for decades, are multiform and range from latency to overwhelming haemorrhagic diatheses, including also characteristic but rare situations, such as purpura fulminans, acral cyanosis and pictures resembling thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura or haemolytic-uraemic syndrome. Biological tests of DIC show a consumption coagulopathy, displayed on the standard haemostasis sheet; along with signs of paracoagulation and/or of secondary fibrinolysis (FDP). New tests have recently been introduced: D-dimers are specific and sensible; Antithrombin-III, protein C and alpha 2-antiplasmin also can sometimes be useful. The knowledge of the pathophysiology of DIC has made advances with passing years. Fibrin deposits may be non-occlusive, and indeed they are swiftly removed by a secondary fibrinolysis. Except in very rare situations, such as those leading to a cortical renal necrosis, and perhaps in some ARDS, there is little evidence relating DIC to organ failure syndromes. Moreover, there is no clear relationship between the severity of the consumption coagulopathy and the prognosis. For instance, the mortality is much lower in abruptio placentae, where the coagulopathy is very severe, than in septic shock, where it is usually moderate. In septic shock, the disorders of haemostasis were related initially to a platelet activation, then to an activation of the contact system (releasing kinins and triggering complement cascade), and nowadays to the activation of the extrinsic coagulation system. The treatment of DIC is mainly the treatment of its cause. Indications for heparin therapy should be strictly limited to a few exceptional circumstances. When haemorrhagic diathesis threatens, FPC and/or platelet transfusion may be indicated. Aprotinin can be useful in rare cases of overwhelming secondary fibrinolysis. Trials with antithrombin-III or C1-esterase inhibitors are in progress. PMID:9005011

Amstutz, P; Moyo, J S

1996-01-01

260

Herpes zoster (shingles), disseminated (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Herpes zoster (shingles) normally occurs in a limited area that follows a dermatome (see the "dermatome" picture). In individuals with damaged immune systems, herpes zoster may be widespread (disseminated), causing serious illness. ...

261

Disseminated extragenital bullous lichen sclerosus  

PubMed Central

Lichen sclerosus commonly affects the genitalia of post-menopausal women. We describe a woman with painful, disseminated, bullous, extragenital lichen sclerosus that responded to oral acitretin and topical calcitriol and triamcinolone. PMID:24616861

Trinh, Tu-Van T.; Parr, Karina; Butler, David F.

2014-01-01

262

Dissemination, redissemination and fiber life  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technical background of dissemination of carbon fibers as well as the possibility of redissemination and fiber life are outlined. Plume spread and weather, measures of pollution and of damage potential, and parameters controlling dissemination patterns are among the topics discussed. It is shown that the redissemination rate off hard surfaces decreases with time and that fiber length decreases with time. Redissemination from vegetated land is shown to be insignificant.

Eiber, W.

1979-01-01

263

Dissemination Manual for Enhancing Program Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is intended for use by all involved in dissemination of program improvement products--users, linkers, developers, and funders--in Illinois. Section 1 provides guidelines for content usage by dissemination group and usage of charts, forms, and samples. Section 2, Conceptual Framework, defines dissemination, discusses the dissemination

Russell, Earl B.; And Others

264

Dissemination with Impact: What Research Suggests for Practice in Career and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dissemination in career and technical education does not simply disperse information, new products, new practices and materials, and new ideas designed to stimulate local change but does so in ways that promote its use. Federal efforts to promote dissemination of research-based information in education are: (1) deeply indebted to the agricultural…

Louis, Karen Seashore; Jones, Lisa M.

265

Successful Handling of Disseminated BCG Disease in a Child with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency  

PubMed Central

In high-burden countries, Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is administered in newborn to prevent severe Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Because life-threatening disseminated BCG disease may occur in children with primary immunodeficiency, vaccination strategy against tuberculosis should be redefined in non-high-burden countries. We report the case of a patient with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) who developed disseminated BCG disease, highlighting the specific strategies adopted. PMID:22110512

Bacalhau, Sílvia; Freitas, Cristina; Valente, Rosalina; Barata, Deolinda; Neves, Conceição; Schäfer, Katrin; Lubatschofski, Annelie; Schulz, Ansgar; Neves, João Farela

2011-01-01

266

Investigation of High School Students' Online Science Information Searching Performance: The Role of Implicit and Explicit Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to a growing trend of exploring scientific knowledge on the Web, a number of studies have been conducted to highlight examination of students' online searching strategies. The investigation of online searching generally employs methods including a survey, interview, screen-capturing, or transactional logs. The present study firstly intended to utilize a survey, the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), to examine users' searching strategies in terms of control, orientation, trial and error, problem solving, purposeful thinking, selecting main ideas, and evaluation, which is defined as implicit strategies. Second, this study conducted screen-capturing to investigate the students' searching behaviors regarding the number of keywords, the quantity and depth of Web page exploration, and time attributes, which is defined as explicit strategies. Ultimately, this study explored the role that these two types of strategies played in predicting the students' online science information searching outcomes. A total of 103 Grade 10 students were recruited from a high school in northern Taiwan. Through Pearson correlation and multiple regression analyses, the results showed that the students' explicit strategies, particularly the time attributes proposed in the present study, were more successful than their implicit strategies in predicting their outcomes of searching science information. The participants who spent more time on detailed reading (explicit strategies) and had better skills of evaluating Web information (implicit strategies) tended to have superior searching performance.

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Hsu, Chung-Yuan; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2011-04-01

267

Exploiting Cellular Data for Disease Containment and Information Campaigns Strategies in Country-Wide Epidemics  

E-print Network

Human mobility is one of the key factors at the basis of the spreading of diseases in a population. Containment strategies are usually devised on movement scenarios based on coarse-grained assumptions. Mobility phone data provide a unique opportunity for building models and defining strategies based on very precise information about the movement of people in a region or in a country. Another very important aspect is the underlying social structure of a population, which might play a fundamental role in devising information campaigns to promote vaccination and preventive measures, especially in countries with a strong family (or tribal) structure. In this paper we analyze a large-scale dataset describing the mobility and the call patterns of a large number of individuals in Ivory Coast. We present a model that describes how diseases spread across the country by exploiting mobility patterns of people extracted from the available data. Then, we simulate several epidemics scenarios and we evaluate mechanisms to c...

Lima, Antonio; Pejovic, Veljko; Musolesi, Mirco

2013-01-01

268

Exemplary Dissemination Programs for Intermediate Units Serving Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing information derived from documents, site visits, correspondence, and personal interviews re: 6 intermediate education units serving rural schools which were initially identified via a mail survey, this report describes intermediate education units with exemplary information dissemination programs. Varying considerably, each program is…

Edington, Everett; Hays, Leonard

269

Disseminated sporotrichosis mimicking sarcoidosis.  

PubMed

A 40-year-old Caucasian man presented to the dermatology clinic at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, in February 2003, for the evaluation of three nonhealing ulcers. The patient's past medical history was significant for hypothyroidism and pulmonary sarcoidosis, the diagnosis of which was made in June 2000. In March 2000, the patient had complained of cough and shortness of breath. A purified protein derivative (PPD) (Mantoux text) was negative. Computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest revealed diffuse hilar and mediastinal adenopathy and bilateral interstitial and alveolar infiltrates. Although consistent with sarcoidosis, these findings were insufficient to exclude other etiologies, including disseminated fungal infection. Cultures and stains of subsequent bronchoscopy specimens failed to reveal any organisms, and histopathologic evaluation of the specimens was nondiagnostic. Based on the imaging studies and the negative cultures, a diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made, and the patient was started on therapy with prednisone. Before coming to our clinic, the patient had been on several courses of prednisone. In May 2002, the patient had presented to a private dermatologist with a 1-year history of a nonhealing 2.4 cm x 2.0 cm ulcer on the left medial forearm. Two biopsies were reported as nondiagnostic. The patient's presentation was interpreted as most consistent with Mycobacterium marinum infection, and so he was empirically treated with minocycline. This treatment was continued for almost 3 months without improvement in the ulcer. A few months after the minocycline had been discontinued, the patient was treated empirically for 2 months with ciprofloxacin. This treatment was also unsuccessful in ameliorating the ulcer. In between the two courses of antibiotics, specimens from the lesion were sent for bacterial and fungal cultures, which revealed normal skin flora. In January 2003, the patient returned to his private dermatologist with three ulcerations. In addition to the nonhealing ulcer on his left forearm, which he had acquired several months earlier, he had also developed a 3.0 cm ulcer on his right arm and a 3.0 cm ulcer on his central back. The patient refused biopsies at this visit. Given the patient's previous diagnosis of pulmonary sarcoidosis, it was thought that the skin lesions might represent ulcerative cutaneous sarcoidosis. Pyoderma gangrenosum was also considered to be a likely diagnosis. Therefore, the patient was started on a course of oral prednisone, an effective therapy for both sarcoidosis and pyoderma gangrenosum. Despite 1 month of treatment with 60 mg/day of prednisone, the ulcers increased, and the patient was subsequently referred to our clinic. Physical examination at the time of presentation revealed steroid acne on the trunk and upper extremities and three non-tender ulcers with erythematous, undermined borders (Figs 1-3). On the left arm, there was an adjacent nodule which the patient attributed to a scar from a previously healed ulcer. Histologic examination of biopsy specimens from all three sites showed similar findings. The lesion contained diffuse, suppurative, granulomatous, inflammatory infiltrates with extensive central necrosis. The infiltrates were composed of histiocytes, multinucleated foreign-body-type giant cells, plasma cells, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and neutrophil fragments. No organisms were seen in the initial, routinely stained sections. However, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining demonstrated small fungal spores (Fig. 4) morphologically consistent with sporotrichosis, within the cytoplasm of multinucleated histiocytic giant cells (Fig. 5). Additional stains for bacteria and acid-fast organisms were negative. Cultures of the biopsy specimens from all three sites grew Sporothrix schenckii. Further questioning of the patient failed to reveal an obvious source of the infection. The patient denied any history of traumatic skin inoculation and did not engage in gardening or other outdoor activities that are classically associated with sporotrichosis. The patien

Yang, Deborah J; Krishnan, Ravi S; Guillen, David R; Schmiege, Lorenz M; Leis, Paula F; Hsu, Sylvia

2006-04-01

270

Disseminated Fusarium oxysporum neurospinal infection  

PubMed Central

We report a case of disseminated meningospondylodiscitis in an elderly diabetic patient caused by Fusarium oxysporum. As the clinical presentation was nonspecific, the diagnosis of the condition could only be arrived at after laboratory and imaging studies. The diagnosis of the condition requires a high index of suspicion. Patient underwent thorough surgical debridement along with a short course of variconazole and remained asymptomatic after 36 months of diagnosis. Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungi widely distributed in soil and in association with plants. It is known to cause local infections (nail, cornea) in healthy humans and disseminated infection only in the immunocompromised. PMID:24741147

Sreedharan Namboothiri, PE; Nair, Sreehari Narayanan; Vijayan, Krishnan; Visweswaran, VK

2014-01-01

271

Space benefits: The secondary application of aerospace technology in other sectors of the economy. [(information dissemination and technology transfer from NASA programs)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space Benefits is a publication that has been prepared for the NASA Technology Utilization Office by the Denver Research Institute's Program for Transfer Research and Impact Studies, to provide the Agency with accurate, convenient, and integrated resource information on the transfer of aerospace technology to other sectors of the U.S. economy. The technological innovations derived from NASA space programs and their current applications in the following areas are considered: (1) manufacturing consumer products, (2) manufacturing capital goods, (3) new consumer products and retailing, (4) electric utilities, (5) environmental quality, (6) food production and processing, (7) government, (8) petroleum and gas, (9) construction, (10) law enforcement, and (11) highway transportation.

1974-01-01

272

A strategy that iteratively retains informative variables for selecting optimal variable subset in multivariate calibration.  

PubMed

Nowadays, with a high dimensionality of dataset, it faces a great challenge in the creation of effective methods which can select an optimal variables subset. In this study, a strategy that considers the possible interaction effect among variables through random combinations was proposed, called iteratively retaining informative variables (IRIV). Moreover, the variables are classified into four categories as strongly informative, weakly informative, uninformative and interfering variables. On this basis, IRIV retains both the strongly and weakly informative variables in every iterative round until no uninformative and interfering variables exist. Three datasets were employed to investigate the performance of IRIV coupled with partial least squares (PLS). The results show that IRIV is a good alternative for variable selection strategy when compared with three outstanding and frequently used variable selection methods such as genetic algorithm-PLS, Monte Carlo uninformative variable elimination by PLS (MC-UVE-PLS) and competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS). The MATLAB source code of IRIV can be freely downloaded for academy research at the website: http://code.google.com/p/multivariate-calibration/downloads/list. PMID:24356218

Yun, Yong-Huan; Wang, Wei-Ting; Tan, Min-Li; Liang, Yi-Zeng; Li, Hong-Dong; Cao, Dong-Sheng; Lu, Hong-Mei; Xu, Qing-Song

2014-01-01

273

Once and for all-How people change strategy to ignore irrelevant information in visual tasks.  

PubMed

Ignoring irrelevant visual information aids efficient interaction with task environments. We studied how people, after practice, start to ignore the irrelevant aspects of stimuli. For this we focused on how information reduction transfers to rarely practised and novel stimuli. In Experiment 1, we compared competing mathematical models on how people cease to fixate on irrelevant parts of stimuli. Information reduction occurred at the same rate for frequent, infrequent, and novel stimuli. Once acquired with some stimuli, it was applied to all. In Experiment 2, simplification of task processing also occurred in a once-for-all manner when spatial regularities were ruled out so that people could not rely on learning which screen position is irrelevant. Apparently, changes in eye movements were an effect of a once-for-all strategy change rather than a cause of it. Overall, the results suggest that participants incidentally acquired knowledge about regularities in the task material and then decided to voluntarily apply it for efficient task processing. Such decisions should be incorporated into accounts of information reduction and other theories of strategy change in skill acquisition. PMID:25203902

Gaschler, Robert; Marewski, Julian N; Frensch, Peter A

2015-03-01

274

The future of time and frequency dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

I will try to extrapolate the changes in the dissemination of time and frequency information that have taken place during the last 25 years to predict the future developments both in the methods of disseminating time and frequency and in the kinds of customers we will be asked to serve. Two important developments are likely to play pivotal roles in driving the evolution of dissemination. The first is the commercial availability of very high quality clocks -- devices whose performance may eventually rival that of the current generation of primary frequency standards. The widespread use of these devices may blur the traditional distinction between client and server, and may replace it with a more symmetrical interchange of data among peers. The second is the increasing demand for digital time and frequency information driven by the increasing sophistication of everything from traffic lights to electric power meters. The needs of these individual users may not tax the state of the art of primary frequency standards in principle, but their large numbers and wide geographical distribution present a technological challenge that is difficult to meet at a reasonable price using existing methods. Some of these problems may be solved (or at least addressed) using developments in communications and consumer electronics such as the increasing use of fiber-optic telephone circuits and the increasing bandwidth and sophistication of the cable network used to transmit television pictures. To be useful, these advances in hardware must stimulate parallel advances in software algorithms and methods. These advances are more difficult to predict with great confidence, but the developments of the last few years will be examined to provide some indications of the future.

Levine, Judah

1994-01-01

275

Dialogic Strategies in Read-Alouds of English-Language Information Books in a Second-Grade Bilingual Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows how various dialogic discourse strategies were used in read-alouds of English science information books in a 2nd-grade bilingual classroom. Using a variety of discursive strategies, Ibett encouraged her Spanish-speaking students to provide explanations and reasoning related to science ideas. Similarly, she used intertextual…

Pappas, Christine C.; Varelas, Maria; Patton, Sofia Kokkino; Ye, Li; Ortiz, Ibett

2012-01-01

276

Effective and Ineffective Coping with Bullying Strategies as Assessed by Informed Professionals and Their Use by Victimised Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What strategies do students use to cope with bullying and how effective are they? Answers to such questions will not only help students understand how they can cope, but also inform school-wide policies and practices to reduce the incidence of bullying. To do this, schools need evidence on what strategies to focus on to most effectively target…

Murray-Harvey, Rosalind; Skrzypiec, Grace; Slee, Phillip T.

2012-01-01

277

Employees' Choices in Learning How to Use Information and Communication Technology Systems at Work: Strategies and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to promote the understanding of how employees learn to use information and communication technology (ICT) systems at work. The elements of a learning activity in the context of ICT use are identified from the literature. In particular, approaches to learning, learning strategies and problem-solving strategies are…

Korpelainen, Eija; Kira, Mari

2010-01-01

278

Sepsis and Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sepsis almost invariably leads to hemostatic abnormalities, ranging from insignificant laboratory changes to severe disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). There is compelling evidence from clinical and experimental studies that DIC is involved in the pathogenesis of microvascular dysfunction and contributes to organ failure. In addition, the massive and ongoing activation of coagulation, may deplete platelets and coagulation factors, which may in

Marcel Levi; Evert de Jonge; Tom van der Poll

2003-01-01

279

The Dissemination of Pedagogical Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedagogical patterns have been around since 1995, but several authors claim their impact is limited. However, these claims are based on authors' own observations and not on methodical evaluations of the use and dissemination of pedagogical patterns. This claim is in contrast to the vision of the creators of pedagogical patterns--they think…

Bennedsen, Jens

2006-01-01

280

Acquired immunodeficiency with disseminated cryptococcosis.  

PubMed Central

A 9 year old Portuguese boy presented with severe wasting and a disseminated cryptococcal infection that resolved after massive doses of intrathecal and parenteral antifungal agents. Clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with AIDS. Apart from neonatal blood transfusions, there were no identified risk factors for HTLV III infection. PMID:3963873

Pippard, M J; Dalgleish, A; Gibson, P; Malkovsky, M; Webster, A D

1986-01-01

281

Partnerships for Creating Learning Resources Fostering Discovery and Dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Partnerships among educators and between educators and researchers within and among universities are especially important for fostering discovery, creating learning resources, and sharing materials for Earth system science education. Partners with diverse expertise motivate one another by contributing ideas and resources to the collaborative group, thus enabling discovery in the creation and enrichment of content being developed for the classroom or laboratory and also for informal education. The key to discovery in the interdisciplinary dimension of Earth system science requires knowledge and background experiences from many disciplines. Through sharing their expertise within collaborations, scientists and educators extend the usefulness of their work to others for use in their own classrooms, with perhaps modification of the resource to meet their specific needs. The new resource may be refined and redirected, and once again shared with other colleagues to extend the spiral of increasing utility and foster the broader use of the original resource. Collaborations enabling discovery become especially powerful when partnerships cross disciplines and extend horizons between fields of expertise in scientific research and professional education. Product dissemination and user community growth are natural results of a functioning collaborative of educators and researchers with common interests. This collaborative community-building concept forms the core of successful education endeavors within the NASA/USRA Earth System Science Education Program (ESSE) which supported forty-five interdisciplinary teams between 1991 and 2000 to develop and offer courses on Earth system topics. Throughout this effort, ESSE recognized the value of partnerships, communication, and venues which promoted team building, and engaged in collaborations with the Inter-American Institute, the Woodrow Wilson Foundation and Project ALERT aimed to foster discovery in the creation, review and dissemination of learning materials. This paper will outline several of the strategies employed by the ESSE Program, including team meetings and tutorials, topical workshops, and the developing Journal of Earth System Science Education (JESSE), and will explore ways in which these strategies can be incorporated into emerging science education initiatives such as DLESE and the National Science Digital Library.

Ruzek, M.; Johnson, D. R.

2001-12-01

282

Impact of information cost and switching of trading strategies in an artificial stock market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper studies the switching of trading strategies and its effect on the market volatility in a continuous double auction market. We describe the behavior when some uninformed agents, who we call switchers, decide whether or not to pay for information before they trade. By paying for the information they behave as informed traders. First we verify that our model is able to reproduce some of the stylized facts in real financial markets. Next we consider the relationship between switching and the market volatility under different structures of investors. We find that there exists a positive relationship between the market volatility and the percentage of switchers. We therefore conclude that the switchers are a destabilizing factor in the market. However, for a given fixed percentage of switchers, the proportion of switchers that decide to buy information at a given moment of time is negatively related to the current market volatility. In other words, if more agents pay for information to know the fundamental value at some time, the market volatility will be lower. This is because the market price is closer to the fundamental value due to information diffusion between switchers.

Liu, Yi-Fang; Zhang, Wei; Xu, Chao; Vitting Andersen, Jørgen; Xu, Hai-Chuan

2014-08-01

283

Copyright Data Dissemination Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An impressive, multi-functional interface for the Canadian Intellectual Property Office's online services, this Web site is user friendly for anyone in search of existing Canadian patents or copyrights, as well as for those interested in submitting an application for either. Offering extensive how-to information on the application and product development processes, the site will interest those conducting business or research on intellectual property in Canada. Patents, copyrights, and trademarks are all searchable via the main page through either single or multiple terms, however specific or imprecise. For example, users can search for patents via a known patent number or by product type, manufacturer name, or year. Searches can also be conducted on authors, agents, and country of origin. Additionally, all databases can be searched simultaneously and with multiple terms and/or delimiters. As a primary resource, the site also links to other agencies and associations (Canadian and international) that support intellectual property rights and trade.

2001-01-01

284

Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

Rivera, William M.

2006-01-01

285

Selective Dissemination of Microfiche Documents in a University Setting: Phase 1. Final Report. Project CLR-561.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selective dissemination service (SRIM) of the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) features semimonthly dissemination of microfiche copies of documents newly added to the NTIS collection, on the basis of interest profiles. The service was used to test a university subsystem wherein a number of individual profiles were combined and…

Meredith, Joseph C.

286

Disseminate Warning Message in VANETs Based on Predicting the Interval of Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are emerging as a new network environment for intelligent transportation systems (ITS). In many applications envisaged for VANETs, traffic information needs to be disseminated to relevant vehicles during a duration of time. Here we present a model of warning message dissemination in VANETs. The idea in our model is that vehicles on a stretch of

Qiangyuan Yu; Da-you Liu

2010-01-01

287

Prioritizing Travel Time Reports in Peer-to-Peer Traffic Dissemination  

E-print Network

Prioritizing Travel Time Reports in Peer-to-Peer Traffic Dissemination Piotr Szczurek*, Bo Xu the bandwidth constraint. In this paper we propose a method for online learning of spatio-temporal information ranking for a travel time dissemination application within a VANET. In this method, vehicles judge

Wolfson, Ouri E.

288

Dialogue on Dissemination Background - Implementation Science  

Cancer.gov

The Dialogue on Dissemination meetings are part of a larger effort to clarify the various concepts used to describe the translation of research into practice and develop models for effective dissemination. As part of its ongoing commitment to closing the gap between research discovery and program delivery, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) sponsored a series of four Dialogue on Dissemination events convening experts in the fields of public health, clinical practice, and dissemination.

289

Computer Dissemination of Current Literature, An Over-All Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A resume of the Ames Laboratory Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) Computer System is presented. The results of three types of evaluation studies made of the Ames Laboratory SDI systems are discussed which include: evaluation of model studies utilizing restricted document and user sample sizes; statistical evaluation of production runs…

Sage, C. R.

290

Message Dissemination in a Crisis Emergency Communications Plan  

E-print Network

Message Dissemination in a Crisis Emergency Communications Plan Office of Communications emergencies themselves, thus emergency communications plans must include the element of getting information the requirement in Exhibit 1.1 of the Auburn University Emergency Operations Plan, which lists the various campus

Tam, Tin-Yau

291

Impact of Department of Education Dissemination Practices on California Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California State Department of Education commissioned the Far West Laboratory to conduct a study to enhance the effectiveness of methods of disseminating educational information in the state. The study began with a pilot written survey of administrators and support staff in a few schools. In-depth telephone interviews with department staff and…

Mills, Stephen R.; Stephens, K. Gwen

292

Developing optimal search strategies for finding information on herbs and other medicinal plants in MEDLINE.  

PubMed

The MEDLINE database is an important resource for locating up-to-date information on herbs and other botanical therapies. However, the evolving nature of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and the complexity of herbal terminology can make it difficult to identify useful citations. This paper describes optimal search strategies for finding clinical information on herbs and medicinal plants in MEDLINE using the PubMed retrieval system. Searchers will benefit from an understanding of the structure of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and PubMed's advanced search capabilities. Details for using PubMed's MeSH Database, Clinical Queries, Clipboard, and limiting features to retrieve pertinent botanical research are described. Tables containing MeSH terms for medicinal plants and useful print and electronic resources are included. PMID:16131300

Saxton, Jane D; Owen, David J

2005-08-01

293

Risk evaluation and mitigation strategy programs in solid organ transplantation: the promises of information technology.  

PubMed

Risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS) required by the Food and Drug Administration are implemented to manage known or potential risks associated with medications and to ensure ongoing safe use throughout the life of a pharmaceutical agent. Healthcare organizations have begun to adopt information technologies with clinical decision support (CDS) to ensure safe use of medications. Systems have been expanded and customized to also ensure compliance with regulatory standards. End users who are unfamiliar with particular medication use provisions are at risk of unknowingly inappropriately fulfilling specific components. Institution-specific customization of vendor-provided CDS is useful to enhance provider awareness and ensure compliance with standards. Integration of health information technology systems to fulfill REMS requirements is novel and important to ensure consistency as healthcare standards evolve. PMID:24573422

Tsapepas, Demetra S; McKeen, Jaclyn T; Martin, Spencer T; Walker-McDermott, Jennifer K; Yang, Alex; Hirsch, Jamie; Mohan, Sumit; Tiwari, Ruchi

2014-10-01

294

Presence of apoptotic and nonapoptotic disseminated tumor cells reflects the response to neoadjuvant systemic therapy in breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST) is an established strategy to reduce tumor size in breast cancer patients prior to breast-conserving therapy. The effect of NST on tumor cell dissemination in these patients is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of disseminated tumor cells (DTC), including apoptotic DTC, in breast cancer patients after NST, and

Tanja Fehm; Sven Becker; Graziella Becker-Pergola; Karl Sotlar; Gerhard Gebauer; Silke Dürr-Störzer; Hans Neubauer; Diethelm Wallwiener; Erich-Franz Solomayer

2006-01-01

295

From innovation to standard practice: Developing and disseminating behavioral procedures  

PubMed Central

This paper proposes a three-stage continuum for discussing the development and dissemination of behavioral technology. At the level of behavioral techniques, researchers need only establish a functional relationship between technologically defined intervention procedures and socially significant target behaviors. Dissemination is conducted for informational purposes only, and the purposes and details surrounding subsequent use of the technique are left to the discretion of the user. At the level of behavioral demonstration, a collection of socially acceptable intervention procedures is refined and standardized and must be shown to produce behavior changes across a number of subjects. Here dissemination is conducted, in large part, to generate support for provision of services. At the level of behavioral models, procedural descriptions must be useroriented. Additionally, model effects must be obtainable by agents not associated with their development and must compare favorably with other treatment or service alternatives. The purpose of dissemination at this level is to obtain adoptions and replications of the model. Details of development and dissemination of behavioral technology at each of these three levels are discussed. PMID:22478555

Paine, Stan C.; Bellamy, G. Thomas

1982-01-01

296

Improved Drought Management Strategies for the Triangle Area Utilizing Climate-Information based Probabilistic Streamflow Forecasts (NC Water Resources Research  

E-print Network

Improved Drought Management Strategies for the Triangle Area Utilizing Climate- Information based: Sankarasubramanian Arumugam PROJECT SUMMARY A prognostic approach to improve drought management in the Triangle Area is proposed here that integrates climate information based seasonal streamflow forecasts with the drought

Arumugam, Sankar

297

Data-Informed Decision Making on High-Impact Strategies: Developing and Validating an Instrument for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors connect 3 streams of literature to develop an instrument for measuring the degree to which principals engage in data-informed decision making on high-impact strategies that are empirically associated with higher student achievement. The 3 literature streams are (a) the importance of data-informed decision making, (b) the…

Shen, Jianping; Cooley, Van E.; Ma, Xin; Reeves, Patricia L.; Burt, Walter L.; Rainey, J. Mark; Yuan, Wenhui

2012-01-01

298

The strategies, experiences and future challenges of the information component in the Indonesian Family Planning Programme.  

PubMed

In 1957, the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Federation was established. In 1970, the National Family Planning Board (BKKBN) was created. The current contraceptive prevalence rate is 45-50%. The family planning program began with a health-oriented approach. To promote acceptance, religious leaders were asked to provide legitimacy to the program. Through their efforts, it became possible to include all the means and medication used for family planning services within the program. In developing an IEC strategy to encourage couples to accept family planning, 3 main factors were studied: 1) the types of innovations that were to be introduced, 2) the characteristics of the Indonesian community, and 3) the need for an IEC strategy to convey the programs messages the community and make the community itself the agent of the innovation being introduced. The elements of the strategy were introduced stage by stage to avoid unnecessary debate. Another strategic step was the introduction of family planning using a community approach. A 3rd strategic step was a shift from couples as family planning acceptors to the introduction of the norm of a small, happy, and prosperous family. The 1st stage, expansion of program coverage, 1) promoted the need for and desirability of family planning to make the small and happy family the norm and 2) supplied contraceptives and information about contraceptives throughout Indonesia. The 2nd stage, the program maintenance approach, included 1) an increase in the frequency of visits to villages by mobile family planning teams, 2) the integration of family planning activities with other health-related activities, and 3) giving people a wider choice of methods and helping them to choose the most suitable method for them. The 3rd stage made family planning a community activity, integrated within the economic and social fabric of community life. The general strategy of the IEC program is to make the various target groups full family planning participants, who will in turn, help to draw nonacceptors into the program. Social marketing is being used to 1) reach those as yet uninformed about family planning, 2) promote the quality of various information and motivation activities so that they will become behaviorally oriented, and 3) provide an opportunity for the private sector to participate in the program professionally. PMID:12342240

Suyono, H

1988-12-01

299

Federal Information Dissemination Policies and Practices: Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. One Hundred First Congress, First Session, April 18, May 23, and July 11, 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three hearings were held in order to conduct a comprehensive review of the issues, problems, and activities affecting the public availability of government information. It is noted that new information technologies, particularly electronic formats and telecommunications, are forcing the reconsideration of the flow of information from the Federal…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

300

Cognitive Strategy Use and Measured Numeric Ability in Immediate- and Long-Term Recall of Everyday Numeric Information  

PubMed Central

The goals of this study were to assess the primary effects of the use of cognitive strategy and a combined measure of numeric ability on recall of every-day numeric information (i.e. prices). Additionally, numeric ability was assessed as a moderator in the relationship between strategy use and memory for prices. One hundred participants memorized twelve prices that varied from 1 to 6 digits; they recalled these immediately and after 7 days. The use of strategies, assessed through self-report, was associated with better overall recall, but not forgetting. Numeric ability was not associated with either better overall recall or forgetting. A small moderating interaction was found, in which higher levels of numeric ability enhanced the beneficial effects of strategy use on overall recall. Exploratory analyses found two further small moderating interactions: simple strategy use enhanced overall recall at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to complex strategy use; and complex strategy use was associated with lower levels of forgetting, but only at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to the simple strategy use. These results provide support for an objective measure of numeric ability, as well as adding to the literature on memory and the benefits of cognitive strategy use. PMID:23483964

Bermingham, Douglas; Hill, Robert D.; Woltz, Dan; Gardner, Michael K.

2013-01-01

301

Cognitive strategy use and measured numeric ability in immediate- and long-term recall of everyday numeric information.  

PubMed

The goals of this study were to assess the primary effects of the use of cognitive strategy and a combined measure of numeric ability on recall of every-day numeric information (i.e. prices). Additionally, numeric ability was assessed as a moderator in the relationship between strategy use and memory for prices. One hundred participants memorized twelve prices that varied from 1 to 6 digits; they recalled these immediately and after 7 days. The use of strategies, assessed through self-report, was associated with better overall recall, but not forgetting. Numeric ability was not associated with either better overall recall or forgetting. A small moderating interaction was found, in which higher levels of numeric ability enhanced the beneficial effects of strategy use on overall recall. Exploratory analyses found two further small moderating interactions: simple strategy use enhanced overall recall at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to complex strategy use; and complex strategy use was associated with lower levels of forgetting, but only at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to the simple strategy use. These results provide support for an objective measure of numeric ability, as well as adding to the literature on memory and the benefits of cognitive strategy use. PMID:23483964

Bermingham, Douglas; Hill, Robert D; Woltz, Dan; Gardner, Michael K

2013-01-01

302

Does the mind map learning strategy facilitate information retrieval and critical thinking in medical students?  

PubMed Central

Background A learning strategy underutilized in medical education is mind mapping. Mind maps are multi-sensory tools that may help medical students organize, integrate, and retain information. Recent work suggests that using mind mapping as a note-taking strategy facilitates critical thinking. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and critical thinking, as measured by the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT), and whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and recall of domain-based information. Methods In this quasi-experimental study, 131 first-year medical students were randomly assigned to a standard note-taking (SNT) group or mind map (MM) group during orientation. Subjects were given a demographic survey and pre-HSRT. They were then given an unfamiliar text passage, a pre-quiz based upon the passage, and a 30-minute break, during which time subjects in the MM group were given a presentation on mind mapping. After the break, subjects were given the same passage and wrote notes based on their group (SNT or MM) assignment. A post-quiz based upon the passage was administered, followed by a post-HSRT. Differences in mean pre- and post-quiz scores between groups were analyzed using independent samples t-tests, whereas differences in mean pre- and post-HSRT total scores and subscores between groups were analyzed using ANOVA. Mind map depth was assessed using the Mind Map Assessment Rubric (MMAR). Results There were no significant differences in mean scores on both the pre- and post-quizzes between note-taking groups. And, no significant differences were found between pre- and post-HSRT mean total scores and subscores. Conclusions Although mind mapping was not found to increase short-term recall of domain-based information or critical thinking compared to SNT, a brief introduction to mind mapping allowed novice MM subjects to perform similarly to SNT subjects. This demonstrates that medical students using mind maps can successfully retrieve information in the short term, and does not put them at a disadvantage compared to SNT students. Future studies should explore longitudinal effects of mind-map proficiency training on both short- and long-term information retrieval and critical thinking. PMID:20846442

2010-01-01

303

Perceptual response and information pick-up strategies within a family of sports.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine whether and how the perceptual response of athletes differed depending on their sporting expertise. This was achieved by comparing the responses of tennis and soft tennis players. Twelve experienced tennis players and 12 experienced soft tennis players viewed computer graphic serve motions simulated by a motion perturbation technique, and then scaled their anticipatory judgments regarding the direction, speed, and spin of the ball on a visual analogue scale. Experiment 1 evaluated the player's judgments in response to test motions rendered with a complete polygon model. The results revealed significantly different anticipatory judgments between the player groups when an elbow rotation perturbation was applied to the test serve motion. Experiment 2 used spatially occluded models in order to investigate the effectiveness of local information in making anticipatory judgments. The results suggested that the isolation of visual information had less effect on the judgment of the tennis players than on that of the soft tennis players. In conclusion, the domain of sporting expertise, including those of closely related sports, cannot only differentiate the anticipatory judgment of a ball's future flight path, but also affect the utilization strategy for the local kinematic information. PMID:23273424

Ida, Hirofumi; Fukuhara, Kazunobu; Ishii, Motonobu; Inoue, Tetsuri

2013-02-01

304

Search strategies to identify information on adverse effects: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The review evaluated studies of electronic database search strategies designed to retrieve adverse effects data for systematic reviews. Methods: Studies of adverse effects were located in ten databases as well as by checking references, hand-searching, searching citations, and contacting experts. Two reviewers screened the retrieved records for potentially relevant papers. Results: Five thousand three hundred thirteen citations were retrieved, yielding 19 studies designed to develop or evaluate adverse effect filters, of which 3 met the inclusion criteria. All 3 studies identified highly sensitive search strategies capable of retrieving over 95% of relevant records. However, 1 study did not evaluate precision, while the level of precision in the other 2 studies ranged from 0.8% to 2.8%. Methodological issues in these papers included the relatively small number of records, absence of a validation set of records for testing, and limited evaluation of precision. Conclusions: The results indicate the difficulty of achieving highly sensitive searches for information on adverse effects with a reasonable level of precision. Researchers who intend to locate studies on adverse effects should allow for the amount of resources and time required to conduct a highly sensitive search. PMID:19404498

Golder, Su; Loke, Yoon

2009-01-01

305

Information-driven search strategies in the board game of CLUE.  

PubMed

This paper presents an information-driven sensor management problem, referred to as treasure hunt, which is relevant to mobile-sensor applications such as mine hunting, monitoring, and surveillance. The objective is to infer a hidden variable or treasure by selecting a sequence of measurements associated with multiple fixed targets distributed in the sensor workspace. The workspace is represented by a connectivity graph, where each node represents a possible sensor deployment, and the arcs represent possible sensor movements. An additive conditional entropy reduction function is presented to efficiently compute the expected benefit of a measurement sequence over time. Then, the optimal treasure hunt strategy is determined by a novel label-correcting algorithm operating on the connectivity graph. The methodology is illustrated through the board game of CLUE, which is shown to be a benchmark example of the treasure hunt problem. The game results show that a computer player implementing the strategies developed in this paper outperforms players implementing Bayesian networks, Q-learning, or constraint satisfaction, as well as human players. PMID:19174352

Ferrari, Silvia; Cai, Chenghui

2009-06-01

306

An evaluation of two approaches for teaching reading comprehension strategies in the primary years using science information texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are few research studies on the effects of teaching comprehension strategies to young children in the primary grades. Using a Dominant–Less Dominant Mixed Model design employing both qualitative and quantitative data collection, we evaluated two approaches for teaching comprehension strategies to 7- and 8-year-old children in four second-grade classrooms using science information texts. The first approach focused upon explicitly

D. Ray Reutzel; John A. Smith; Parker C. Fawson

2005-01-01

307

[Two cases of disseminated toxoplasmosis].  

PubMed

Two cases of disseminated fatal toxoplasmosis of a pet mouse and a red panda are described. The pet mouse had a private owner; the red panda lived in a zoological garden in Saxony. At necropsy, both animals suffered from a systemic toxoplasmosis. A severe necrotizing hepatitis was the main histological feature in both animals. Parasitic cysts could be abundantly found in the liver, moderately in the brain and in a low number in other organs. With the PAS-reaction, cysts showed a weak staining in the mouse and a strong staining in the red panda. Diagnosis was confirmed by PCR and immunohistochemistry. PMID:22331331

Stief, B; Kiesow, C; Ellenberger, C

2012-01-01

308

Operational risks, bidding strategies and information policies in restructured power markets 1 Paper presented at Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, January 6–9, 1998. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced analytical tools are enabling the estimation of new measures of operational reliability in power systems. In bid-based and bilateral contract markets, these estimates provide valuable information to market participants. Such information improves market efficiency through more informed decision-making. However, it may also result in opportunistic bidding strategies that adversely affects economic efficiency. The relationship between risk and bidding strategies

Dennis Ray; Eileen Cashman

1999-01-01

309

Reframing the Dissemination Challenge: A Marketing and Distribution Perspective  

PubMed Central

A fundamental obstacle to successful dissemination and implementation of evidence-based public health programs is the near-total absence of systems and infrastructure for marketing and distribution. We describe the functions of a marketing and distribution system, and we explain how it would help move effective public health programs from research to practice. Then we critically evaluate the 4 dominant strategies now used to promote dissemination and implementation, and we explain how each would be enhanced by marketing and distribution systems. Finally, we make 6 recommendations for building the needed system infrastructure and discuss the responsibility within the public health community for implementation of these recommendations. Without serious investment in such infrastructure, application of proven solutions in public health practice will continue to occur slowly and rarely. PMID:19833993

Bernhardt, Jay M.

2009-01-01

310

Small Bowel Dissemination of Coccidioidomycosis  

PubMed Central

Gastrointestinal coccidioidomycosis is extremely rare, with less than 10 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of small bowel dissemination of coccidioidomycosis in a 21-year-old African American male with a history of living in San Joaquin Valley. The patient presented with one week of abdominal pain, nausea, shortness of breath, intermittent fever, and sweat, and one month of abdominal distention. A chest radiograph revealed complete effusion of left lung. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed diffuse small bowel thickening and enhancement, as well as omental and peritoneal nodules, and ascites. The coccidioidal complement fixation titer was 1?:?256. The duodenal biopsy revealed many spherules filled with round fungal endospores. Later, blood fungal culture showed positivity for Coccidioides immitis. The final diagnosis is disseminated coccidioidomycosis involving lungs, blood, and duodenum. Despite aggressive antifungal therapy, the patient's clinical situation deteriorated and he succumbed to multisystem organ failure one and half months later. A high index of suspicion for gastrointestinal coccidioidomycosis should be maintained in patients from an endemic area presenting as abdominal distention and pain.

Zhou, Shengmei; Ma, Yanling; Chandrasoma, Parakrama

2015-01-01

311

Using epidemiological information to develop effective integrated virus disease management strategies.  

PubMed

Virus diseases cause serious losses in yield and quality of cultivated plants worldwide. These losses and the resulting financial damage can be limited by controlling epidemics using measures that minimise virus infection sources or suppress virus spread. For each combination of virus, cultivated plant and production system, there is an 'economic threshold' above which the financial damage is sufficient to justify using such measures. However, individual measures used alone may bring only small benefits and they may become ineffective, especially over the long term. When diverse control measures that act in different ways are combined and used together, their effects are complementary resulting in far more effective overall control. Such experiences have led to the development of integrated management concepts for virus diseases that combine available host resistance, cultural, chemical and biological control measures. Selecting the ideal mix of measures for each pathosystem and production situation requires detailed knowledge of the epidemiology of the causal virus and the mode of action of each individual control measure so that diverse responses can be devised to meet the unique features of each of the different scenarios considered. The strategies developed must be robust and necessitate minimal extra expense, labour demands and disruption to standard practices. Examples of how epidemiological information can be used to develop effective integrated disease management (IDM) strategies for diverse situations are described. They involve circumstances where virus transmission from plant-to-plant occurs in four different ways: by contact, non-persistently or persistently by insect vectors, and by root-infecting fungi. The examples are: Subterranean clover mottle virus (SCMoV) (contact-transmitted) and Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) (non-persistently aphid-transmitted) in annually self-regenerating clover pasture; three seed-borne viruses (all non-persistently aphid-transmitted) plots of pasture legume improvement programmes; Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) (persistently thrips-transmitted) in vegetables in seedling nurseries, protected cropping or field systems; and lettuce big-vein disease (fungus-transmitted) in lettuce in seedling nursery, hydroponic, infested field or uninfested field situations. By describing the kinds of approaches required, this article is intended to help future research and extension programmes devise integrated disease management strategies that not only function effectively to diminish the losses caused by economically important plant virus diseases but also fulfill the requirement of being environmentally and socially responsible. PMID:15036832

Jones, Roger A C

2004-03-01

312

Single-process versus multiple-strategy models of decision making: evidence from an information intrusion paradigm.  

PubMed

When decision makers are confronted with different problems and situations, do they use a uniform mechanism as assumed by single-process models (SPMs) or do they choose adaptively from a set of available decision strategies as multiple-strategy models (MSMs) imply? Both frameworks of decision making have gathered a lot of support, but only rarely have they been contrasted with each other. Employing an information intrusion paradigm for multi-attribute decisions from givens, SPM and MSM predictions on information search, decision outcomes, attention, and confidence judgments were derived and tested against each other in two experiments. The results consistently support the SPM view: Participants seemingly using a "take-the-best" (TTB) strategy do not ignore TTB-irrelevant information as MSMs would predict, but adapt the amount of information searched, choose alternative choice options, and show varying confidence judgments contingent on the quality of the "irrelevant" information. The uniformity of these findings underlines the adequacy of the novel information intrusion paradigm and comprehensively promotes the notion of a uniform decision making mechanism as assumed by single-process models. PMID:24441266

Söllner, Anke; Bröder, Arndt; Glöckner, Andreas; Betsch, Tilmann

2014-02-01

313

Evaluating a Learning Collaborative to Implement Evidence-Informed Engagement Strategies in Community-Based Services for Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Given dismal attendance rates in community-based care for children and families, it is critical that evidence-informed attendance engagement strategies be implemented within community service systems. There is growing research on effective methods for training in evidence-based practices (EBPs), and one method that shows promise is the…

Haine-Schlagel, Rachel; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Janis, Beth; Gordon, Jeanne

2013-01-01

314

Supporting information for Evolution of suicide as a defense strategy against pathogens in a spatially structured environment  

E-print Network

Supporting information for Evolution of suicide as a defense strategy against pathogens ( ), the evolution of altruistic suicide is given by: (A2) This equation shows that, in a well-mixed environment, altruistic suicide is never selected for. At best, when there is no cost of altruistic suicide, the evolution

315

Differences in African American and White College Students' Drinking Behaviors: Consequences, Harm Reduction Strategies, and Health Information Sources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored the differences between African American and White college students' drinking behaviors and their attitudes toward consequences, harm-reduction strategies, and health information sources. They collected data from a randomly selected sample of 1,110 students in a large public university to examine the effects of a high-risk…

Siebert, Darcy Clay; Wilke, Dina J.; Delva, Jorge; Smith, Michael P.; Howell, Richard L.

2003-01-01

316

Oregon Pilot Retrieval Dissemination Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oregon Pilot Retrieval Dissemination Project was one of three state experimental programs conducted in mainly rural areas. The primary objective was to develop a dissemination network, test its effectiveness, and recommend a model for implementation in other states. It was designed to serve teachers and administrators who need access to…

Fussell, Robert

317

Producing Dissemination Materials. Final Draft Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is intended to help projects approved by the Joint Dissemination Review Panel produce materials that will support their dissemination activities. Specifically directed toward career education projects, it should be equally useful for other projects. Section 1 discusses diffusion/adoption and these topics regarding materials: purpose,…

Degener, David, Comp.; And Others

318

The Spectrum and Presentation of Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeExtrapulmonary dissemination of Coccidioides species is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The clinical manifestations vary widely according to the host, the severity of illness, and location of dissemination. The morbidity and mortality can be reduced by early recognition and treatment, which in turn depends on understanding the spectrum and presentation of disease.

Rodney D. Adam; Sean P. Elliott; Mihra S. Taljanovic

2009-01-01

319

Information management strategies within conversations about cigarette smoking: parenting correlates and longitudinal associations with teen smoking.  

PubMed

The present study examined smoking-specific and general parenting predictors of in vivo observed patterns of parent-adolescent discussion concerning adolescents' cigarette smoking experiences and associations between these observed patterns and 24-month longitudinal trajectories of teen cigarette smoking behavior (nonsmokers, current experimenters, escalators). Parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent information management were coded from direct observations of 528 video-recorded parent-adolescent discussions about cigarette smoking with 344 teens (M age = 15.62 years) with a history of smoking experimentation (321 interactions with mothers, 207 interactions with fathers). Adolescent initiation of discussions concerning their own smoking behavior (21% of interactions) was predicted by lower levels of maternal observed disapproval of cigarette smoking and fewer teen-reported communication problems with mothers. Maternal initiation in discussions (35% of interactions) was associated with higher levels of family rules about illicit substance use. Three categories of adolescent information management (full disclosure, active secrecy, incomplete strategies) were coded by matching adolescents' confidential self-reported smoking status with their observed spontaneous disclosures and responses to parental solicitations. Fully disclosing teens reported higher quality communication with their mothers (more open, less problematic). Teens engaged in active secrecy with their mothers when families had high levels of parental rules about illicit substance use and when mothers expressed lower levels of expectancies that their teen would smoke in the future. Adolescents were more likely to escalate their smoking over 2 years if their parents initiated the discussion of adolescent smoking behavior (solicited) and if adolescents engaged in active secrecy. PMID:23148939

Metzger, Aaron; Wakschlag, Lauren S; Anderson, Ryan; Darfler, Anne; Price, Juliette; Flores, Zujeil; Mermelstein, Robin

2013-08-01

320

The Tacking Knowledge Strategy Claudio Ciborra, Konrad Lorenz and the Ecology of Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work focuses on an issue that Lorenz identifies as fundamental among human cognitive strategies: what we could call the tacking knowledge strategy.\\u000a \\u000a Knowledge doesn’t go on straight: like a sailing boat coursing against the wind, it must turn and turn again, frequently changing\\u000a its approaches. This strategy implies that rationality is not, according to Lorenz, the apex and the

F. Ricciardi

321

Engaging by design: How engagement strategies in popular computer and video games can inform instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer and video games are a prevalent form of entertainment in which the purpose of the design is to engage players. Game\\u000a designers incorporate a number of strategies and tactics for engaging players in “gameplay.” These strategies and tactics\\u000a may provide instructional designers with new methods for engaging learners. This investigation presents a review of game design\\u000a strategies and the

Michele D. Dickey; Sid Meier

2005-01-01

322

10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy...PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients are encouraged to disseminate research results promptly. DOE reserves the right...

2010-01-01

323

10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy...PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients are encouraged to disseminate research results promptly. DOE reserves the right...

2011-01-01

324

10 CFR 605.20 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Dissemination of results. 605.20 Section...OFFICE OF ENERGY RESEARCH FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 605.20 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients are...encouraged to disseminate project results promptly. DOE...

2010-01-01

325

Analyzing Student Search Strategies: Making a Case for Integrating Information Literacy Skills into the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most high school students employ the basic search strategy of keyword searching that most search engines use. However, students get frustrated and end up surfing from one site to another or abandoning their search in frustration. In this article, the author discusses several strategies that can be used by students to understand the nature of…

Scott, Thomas J.; O'Sullivan, Michael K.

2005-01-01

326

Final Product Strategies in Purchasing and Their Impact on the Information Needs of the Organisation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purchasing contributes significantly to an organization and to its business strategy only if its activities and contracts with suppliers are guided by support criteria for the final products that the organization sells. Outlined in this paper are four innovative purchasing strategies: capitation contracts; product life cycle cost contracts;…

Inbar, David

327

Dissemination research: the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute.  

PubMed

Despite significant accomplishments in basic, clinical, and population health research, a wide gap persists between research discoveries (ie, what we know) and actual practice (ie, what we do). The University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute (Institute) researchers study the process and outcomes of disseminating evidence-based public health programs and policies into practice. This paper briefly describes the approach and experience of the Institute's programs in population health assessment, health policy, program evaluation, and education and training. An essential component of this dissemination research program is the active engagement of the practitioners and policymakers. Each of the Institute's programs conducts data collection, analysis, education, and dialogue with practitioners that is closely tied to the planning, implementation, and evaluation of programs and policies. Our approach involves a reciprocal exchange of knowledge with non-academic partners, such that research informs practice and practice informs research. Dissemination research serves an important role along the continuum of research and is increasingly recognized as an important way to improve population health by accelerating the translation of research into practice. PMID:19743753

Remington, Patrick L; Moberg, D Paul; Booske, Bridget C; Ceraso, Marion; Friedsam, Donna; Kindig, David A

2009-08-01

328

Acute Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation in Neuroendocrine Carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Malignancy is a common cause of disseminated intravascular coagulation and usually presents as a chronic disorder in solid organ tumours. We present a rare case of recurrent acute disseminated intravascular coagulation in neuroendocrine carcinoma after manipulation, firstly, by core biopsy and, later, by cytotoxic therapy causing a release of procoagulants and cytokines from lysed tumour cells. This is reminiscent of tumour lysis syndrome where massive quantities of intracellular electrolytes and nucleic acid are released, causing acute metabolic imbalance and renal failure. This case highlights the potential complication of acute disseminated intravascular coagulation after trauma to malignant cells. PMID:23139666

Teh, Ru-Wen; Tsoi, Daphne T.

2012-01-01

329

Converting hard copy documents for electronic dissemination  

SciTech Connect

Since the advent of computer systems, the goal of a paperless office, and even a paperless society, has been pursued. While the normal paper flow in an organization is far from totally automated, particularly for items requiring signatures or authorizations, electronic information dissemination is becoming an almost simple task. The reasons for providing on-line documents are many and include faster and easier access for everyone, elimination of printing costs, reduction of wasted shelf and desk space, and the security of having a centrally-located, always up-to-date document. New computer software even provides the user with the ability to annotate documents and to have bookmarks so that the old scribbled-in and dog-eared manual can be replaced without loosing this `customizability`. Moreover, new hypermedia capabilities mean that documents can be read in a non-linear fashion and can include color figures and photographs, audio, and even animation sequences, capabilities which exceed those of paper. The proliferation of network-based information servers, coupled with the growth of the Internet, has enticed academic, governmental, and even commercial organizations to provide increasing numbers of documents and data bases in electronic form via the network, not just to internal staff, but to the public as well. Much of this information, which includes everything from mundane company procedures to spiffy marketing brochures, was previously published only in hard copy. Converting existing documents to electronic form and producing only electronic versions of new documents poses some interesting challenges to the maintainer or author.

Hoffman, F.

1994-12-31

330

Identifying strategies to improve access to credible and relevant information for public health professionals: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Movement towards evidence-based practices in many fields suggests that public health (PH) challenges may be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective PH practices is readily available. However, research has shown that many PH information needs are unmet. In addition to reviewing relevant literature, this study performed a comprehensive review of existing information resources and collected data from two representative PH groups, focusing on identifying current practices, expressed information needs, and ideal systems for information access. Methods Nineteen individual interviews were conducted among employees of two domains in a state health department – communicable disease control and community health promotion. Subsequent focus groups gathered additional data on preferences for methods of information access and delivery as well as information format and content. Qualitative methods were used to identify themes in the interview and focus group transcripts. Results Informants expressed similar needs for improved information access including single portal access with a good search engine; automatic notification regarding newly available information; access to best practice information in many areas of interest that extend beyond biomedical subject matter; improved access to grey literature as well as to more systematic reviews, summaries, and full-text articles; better methods for indexing, filtering, and searching for information; and effective ways to archive information accessed. Informants expressed a preference for improving systems with which they were already familiar such as PubMed and listservs rather than introducing new systems of information organization and delivery. A hypothetical ideal model for information organization and delivery was developed based on informants' stated information needs and preferred means of delivery. Features of the model were endorsed by the subjects who reviewed it. Conclusion Many critical information needs of PH practitioners are not being met efficiently or at all. We propose a dual strategy of: 1) promoting incremental improvements in existing information delivery systems based on the expressed preferences of the PH users of the systems and 2) the concurrent development and rigorous evaluation of new models of information organization and delivery that draw on successful resources already operating to deliver information to clinical medical practitioners. PMID:16597331

LaPelle, Nancy R; Luckmann, Roger; Simpson, E Hatheway; Martin, Elaine R

2006-01-01

331

Dissemination & Implementation Grants (R01, R03, R21) - Implementation Science  

Cancer.gov

Grant applications that identify, develop and refine effective and efficient methods, structures and strategies that test various models. The objective is to disseminate and implement research-tested health behavior change interventions and evidence-based prevention, early detection, diagnostic, treatment and quality of life improvement services in public health and clinical practice settings. View the original notice to the extramural community.

332

Philanthropy and School Reform: The Rockefeller Foundation's Role in Disseminating and Evaluating Comer's School Development Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the Rockefeller Foundation's partnership with the Comer School Development Program (SDP), a dissemination effort aimed at sharing the SDP message and implementation strategies. Foundation support began in 1990 for what was perceived as the most promising and proven schoolwide improvement method for low-income communities. To…

Bass, Marian E.; Ucelli, Marla

333

Community Dissemination of the Early Start Denver Model: Implications for Science and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing number of Autism Spectrum Disorder cases exceeds the services available for these children. This increase challenges both researchers and service providers to develop systematic, effective dissemination strategies for transporting university research models to community early intervention (EI) programs. The current study developed an…

Vismara, Laurie A.; Young, Gregory S.; Rogers, Sally J.

2013-01-01

334

Optimization of a highly standardized carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester flow cytometry panel and gating strategy design using discriminative information measure evaluation.  

PubMed

The design of a panel to identify target cell subsets in flow cytometry can be difficult when specific markers unique to each cell subset do not exist, and a combination of parameters must be used to identify target cells of interest and exclude irrelevant events. Thus, the ability to objectively measure the contribution of a parameter or group of parameters toward target cell identification independent of any gating strategy could be very helpful for both panel design and gating strategy design. In this article, we propose a discriminative information measure evaluation (DIME) based on statistical mixture modeling; DIME is a numerical measure of the contribution of different parameters towards discriminating a target cell subset from all the others derived from the fitted posterior distribution of a Gaussian mixture model. Informally, DIME measures the "usefulness" of each parameter for identifying a target cell subset. We show how DIME provides an objective basis for inclusion or exclusion of specific parameters in a panel, and how ranked sets of such parameters can be used to optimize gating strategies. An illustrative example of the application of DIME to streamline the gating strategy for a highly standardized carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) assay is described. PMID:21053294

Chan, Cliburn; Lin, Lin; Frelinger, Jacob; Hérbert, Valérie; Gagnon, Dominic; Landry, Claire; Sékaly, Rafick-Pierre; Enzor, Jennifer; Staats, Janet; Weinhold, Kent J; Jaimes, Maria; West, Mike

2010-12-01

335

Dissemination 2.0: closing the gap between knowledge and practice with new media and marketing.  

PubMed

Despite substantial investments in public health and clinical research at the national level, and significant advancements in these areas of science, few evidence-based programs and services are rapidly implemented in health care or public health practice as a result of failures of dissemination. A significant gap in current processes to disseminate and implement effective programs relates to the lack of systems and infrastructure to facilitate distribution of scientific research products to potential end users, including clinicians and other practitioners. In this article, the authors assert that Web 2.0 technologies can be leveraged to enhance dissemination efforts and increase the implementation of evidence-based programs and services in everyday practice. The authors describe the research-to-practice delivery process and highlight gaps in the supply chain necessary to translate research findings into evidence-based practice. The authors critically evaluate the 4 most prominent strategies currently used to promote dissemination and implementation of research evidence in practice, and they detail how each can be improved by leveraging Web 2.0 technologies to enhance dissemination of research evidence. Last, the authors provide examples and suggestions for capitalizing on Web 2.0 technologies to enhance dissemination efforts and ensure that evidence-based research products reach intended end users and are implemented in clinical practice. PMID:21843094

Bernhardt, Jay M; Mays, Darren; Kreuter, Matthew W

2011-01-01

336

Sex Fairness in Education Divison Communications, Products and Dissemination Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers grew out of a desire to follow up recommendations made in 1972 by an internal Office of Education Task Force. The Task Force report documented discrimination against women throughout the nation's education system and made 33 recommendations for change in U.S. Office of Education practices. A follow-up report in 1975 found that little…

Women on Words and Images, Princeton, NJ.

337

76 FR 69722 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control Act (TSCA) confidential business information and to provide...determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES...support for work on alarms, card readers, doors, locks, and...Environmental protection, Confidential business information. Dated:...

2011-11-09

338

Improved mapping strategy to better inform policy on the control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Sierra Leone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) are endemic in Sierra Leone confirmed by national mapping in 2008.\\u000a To better inform planning of preventive chemotherapy strategy, another survey was conducted before mass drug administration\\u000a (MDA) in seven districts according to the mapping results or local knowledge. Fifty-nine chiefdoms and one school in every\\u000a chiefdom were selected. Thirty school children aged 9-14 years

Mary Hodges; Nsa Dada; Anna Wamsley; Jusufu Paye; Emanuel Nyorkor; Mustapha Sonnie; Guy Barnish; Moses Bockarie; Yaobi Zhang

2011-01-01

339

Pathwise Strategies for Stochastic Differential Games with an Erratum to 'Stochastic Differential Games with Asymmetric Information'  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a new notion of pathwise strategies for stochastic differential games. This allows us to give a correct meaning to some statement asserted in Cardaliaguet and Rainer (Appl. Math. Optim. 59: 1-36, 2009)

Cardaliaguet, P., E-mail: cardaliaguet@ceremade.dauphine.fr [Universite Paris-Dauphine, Ceremade (France); Rainer, C., E-mail: Catherine.Rainer@univ-brest.fr [Universite de Bretagne Occidentale (France)

2013-08-01

340

78 FR 68076 - Request for Information on Alternative Skin Sensitization Test Methods and Testing Strategies and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...sensitization test methods and testing strategies. The National Toxicology Program (NTP) Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative...6, 2013. John R. Bucher, Associate Director, National Toxicology Program. [FR Doc. 2013-27095 Filed 11-12-13;...

2013-11-13

341

Dissemination of a highly virulent pathogen: tracking the early events that define infection.  

PubMed

The series of events that occurs immediately after pathogen entrance into the body is largely speculative. Key aspects of these events are pathogen dissemination and pathogen interactions with the immune response as the invader moves into deeper tissues. We sought to define major events that occur early during infection of a highly virulent pathogen. To this end, we tracked early dissemination of Yersinia pestis, a highly pathogenic bacterium that causes bubonic plague in mammals. Specifically, we addressed two fundamental questions: (1) do the bacteria encounter barriers in disseminating to draining lymph nodes (LN), and (2) what mechanism does this nonmotile bacterium use to reach the LN compartment, as the prevailing model predicts trafficking in association with host cells. Infection was followed through microscopy imaging in addition to assessing bacterial population dynamics during dissemination from the skin. We found and characterized an unexpected bottleneck that severely restricts bacterial dissemination to LNs. The bacteria that do not pass through this bottleneck are confined to the skin, where large numbers of neutrophils arrive and efficiently control bacterial proliferation. Notably, bottleneck formation is route dependent, as it is abrogated after subcutaneous inoculation. Using a combination of approaches, including microscopy imaging, we tested the prevailing model of bacterial dissemination from the skin into LNs and found no evidence of involvement of migrating phagocytes in dissemination. Thus, early stages of infection are defined by a bottleneck that restricts bacterial dissemination and by neutrophil-dependent control of bacterial proliferation in the skin. Furthermore, and as opposed to current models, our data indicate an intracellular stage is not required by Y. pestis to disseminate from the skin to draining LNs. Because our findings address events that occur during early encounters of pathogen with the immune response, this work can inform efforts to prevent or control infection. PMID:25611317

Gonzalez, Rodrigo J; Lane, M Chelsea; Wagner, Nikki J; Weening, Eric H; Miller, Virginia L

2015-01-01

342

Dissemination of a Highly Virulent Pathogen: Tracking The Early Events That Define Infection  

PubMed Central

The series of events that occurs immediately after pathogen entrance into the body is largely speculative. Key aspects of these events are pathogen dissemination and pathogen interactions with the immune response as the invader moves into deeper tissues. We sought to define major events that occur early during infection of a highly virulent pathogen. To this end, we tracked early dissemination of Yersinia pestis, a highly pathogenic bacterium that causes bubonic plague in mammals. Specifically, we addressed two fundamental questions: (1) do the bacteria encounter barriers in disseminating to draining lymph nodes (LN), and (2) what mechanism does this nonmotile bacterium use to reach the LN compartment, as the prevailing model predicts trafficking in association with host cells. Infection was followed through microscopy imaging in addition to assessing bacterial population dynamics during dissemination from the skin. We found and characterized an unexpected bottleneck that severely restricts bacterial dissemination to LNs. The bacteria that do not pass through this bottleneck are confined to the skin, where large numbers of neutrophils arrive and efficiently control bacterial proliferation. Notably, bottleneck formation is route dependent, as it is abrogated after subcutaneous inoculation. Using a combination of approaches, including microscopy imaging, we tested the prevailing model of bacterial dissemination from the skin into LNs and found no evidence of involvement of migrating phagocytes in dissemination. Thus, early stages of infection are defined by a bottleneck that restricts bacterial dissemination and by neutrophil-dependent control of bacterial proliferation in the skin. Furthermore, and as opposed to current models, our data indicate an intracellular stage is not required by Y. pestis to disseminate from the skin to draining LNs. Because our findings address events that occur during early encounters of pathogen with the immune response, this work can inform efforts to prevent or control infection. PMID:25611317

Gonzalez, Rodrigo J.; Lane, M. Chelsea; Wagner, Nikki J.; Weening, Eric H.; Miller, Virginia L.

2015-01-01

343

Smart-tag based data dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monitoring wide, hostile areas requires disseminating data between fixed, disconnected clusters of sensor nodes. It is not always possible to install long-range radios in order to cover the whole area. We propose to leverage the movement of mobile individuals, equipped with smart-tags, to disseminate data across disconnected static nodes spread across a wide area. Static nodes and mobile smart-tags exchange

Allan Beaufour; Martin Leopold; Philippe Bonnet

2002-01-01

344

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Forty-eight children with disseminated demyelination of the CNS, 28 with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), seven with multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis (MDEM) and 13 with multiple sclerosis were studied for a mean follow-up period of 5.64 years. The presentation findings of the ADEM\\/MDEM group were compared with those of the multiple sclerosis group. The following findings were more commonly seen in

R. C. Dale; C. de Sousa; W. K. Chong; T. C. S. Cox; B. Harding; B. G. R. Neville

2000-01-01

345

21 CFR 99.103 - Mandatory statements and information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Mandatory statements and information. 99.103 Section 99.103...SERVICES GENERAL DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION ON UNAPPROVED/NEW USES FOR...DRUGS, BIOLOGICS, AND DEVICES Information To Be Disseminated §...

2012-04-01

346

CDC's Health Equity Resource Toolkit: Disseminating Guidance for State Practitioners to Address Obesity Disparities.  

PubMed

Obesity has been on the rise in the United States over the past three decades, and is high. In addition to population-wide trends, it is clear that obesity affects some groups more than others and can be associated with age, income, education, gender, race and ethnicity, and geographic region. To reverse the obesity epidemic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) promotes evidence-based and practice-informed strategies to address nutrition and physical activity environments and behaviors. These public health strategies require translation into actionable approaches that can be implemented by state and local entities to address disparities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention used findings from an expert panel meeting to guide the development and dissemination of the Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity Disparities (available at http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/health_equity/toolkit.html). The Toolkit helps public health practitioners take a systematic approach to program planning using a health equity lens. The Toolkit provides a six-step process for planning, implementing, and evaluating strategies to address obesity disparities. Each section contains (a) a basic description of the steps of the process and suggested evidence-informed actions to help address obesity disparities, (b) practical tools for carrying out activities to help reduce obesity disparities, and (c) a "real-world" case study of a successful state-level effort to address obesity with a focus on health equity that is particularly relevant to the content in that section. Hyperlinks to additional resources are included throughout. PMID:24962967

Payne, Gayle Holmes; James, Stephen D; Hawley, Lisa; Corrigan, Bethany; Kramer, Rachel E; Overton, Samantha N; Farris, Rosanne P; Wasilewski, Yvonne

2015-01-01

347

Disproving the Fusion Hypothesis: An Analysis of Data Fusion via Effective Information Retrieval Strategies  

E-print Network

Disproving the Fusion Hypothesis: An Analysis of Data Fusion via Effective Information Retrieval Information Retrieval Laboratory Department of Computer Science Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, IL Descriptors H.3.3 [Information Storage and Retrieval]: Information Search and Retrieval ­ Retrieval models

348

An Efficient Index Dissemination in Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using Bloom filters is one of the most popular and efficient lookup methods in P2P networks. A Bloom filter is a representation of data item indices, which achieves small memory requirement by allowing one-sided errors (false positive). In the lookup scheme besed on the Bloom filter, each peer disseminates a Bloom filter representing indices of the data items it owns in advance. Using the information of disseminated Bloom filters as a clue, each query can find a short path to its destination. In this paper, we propose an efficient extension of the Bloom filter, called a Deterministic Decay Bloom Filter (DDBF) and an index dissemination method based on it. While the index dissemination based on a standard Bloom filter suffers performance degradation by containing information of too many data items when its dissemination radius is large, the DDBF can circumvent such degradation by limiting information according to the distance between the filter holder and the items holders, i. e., a DDBF contains less information for faraway items and more information for nearby items. Interestingly, the construction of DDBFs requires no extra cost above that of standard filters. We also show by simulation that our method can achieve better lookup performance than existing ones.

Takahashi, Yusuke; Izumi, Taisuke; Kakugawa, Hirotsugu; Masuzawa, Toshimitsu

349

Scalable and energy efficient data dissemination in wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data dissemination in wireless sensor networks is a key problem that acts as a bottleneck to its wide application in real world. In this paper, a novel data dissemination scheme ? logarithmic spiral data dissemination (LSDD) ? is proposed. In LSDD, data advertisements are disseminated following a parametric spiral-like path, which involves only a small fraction of nodes in a

Yang Sun; Guangbin Fan; Shigang Chen

2006-01-01

350

Information display from board wargame for marketing strategy identification Stphane Goria  

E-print Network

wargame tool for a market situation. Keywords: Competitive Intelligence, Creative competitive intelligence, Market Intelligence, Information visualization, Information display, Wargame, War game, Marketing Warfare and Schuller 2008) and economic intelligence (Deschamps 2010). Nowadays it is considered as a marketing

Boyer, Edmond

351

Observatory of the Information Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Observatory of the Information Society, an extensive Website developed by UNESCO, aims "to raise awareness on the ethical, legal, and societal challenges brought about by new [information and communication] technologies." The site collects and disseminates current information for UNESCO's 186 Member States, focusing on four themes: Privacy and Confidentiality, Content Regulation, Multilingualism, and Access to Public Domain Information. The Privacy and Confidentiality section encompasses issues such as the protection of personal data, cryptography, and digital signatures. The Content Regulation section covers topics including the freedom of expression, violence in cyberspace, and child protection. The Multilingualism section offers resources on linguistic rights, diversity promotion, and language technologies. The Access to Public Domain Information section contains documents related to the public information policies adopted by various nations. The site also includes Action Plans, Strategies and Policies, a section that provides resources on the information infrastructures of international organizations and countries worldwide.

352

Recipients: Please feel free to disseminate to colleagues National Institutes of Health AcademicCommunity Partnership Conference Series (R13)  

E-print Network

, adolescent, and/or adult obesity; health literacy; techniques for outreach and information dissemination and will include a link for investigators to upload their proposals into the NU Depot system as a SINGLE PDF FILE

Apkarian, A. Vania

353

Learning Strategies and Motivational Factors Predicting Information Literacy Self-Efficacy of E-Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid increase in information sources in different formats, developments in technology and need for lifelong learning have drawn increased attention to needs for information literacy. Although information literacy is significant for students of all educational levels, it has become even more significant for e-learners. Therefore, this study…

Kilic-Cakmak, Ebru

2010-01-01

354

Principles for Collection, Maintenance, and Dissemination of Pupil Records; Operational Guidelines: Department of Pupil Records.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are the Montgomery County Intermediate Unit 23 (Pennsylvania) 1975 policy statements and subsequent clarification on collection, maintenance, and dissemination of pupil records in special education. Outlined are procedures for information collection, data classification and maintenance, administration of security, and information

Fischman, Ronald; Proger, Barton B.

355

A hazard-independent approach for the standardised multi-channel dissemination of warning messages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tsunami disaster affecting the Indian Ocean region on Christmas 2004 demonstrated very clearly the shortcomings in tsunami detection, public warning processes as well as intergovernmental warning message exchange in the Indian Ocean region. In that regard, early warning systems require that the dissemination of early warning messages has to be executed in way that ensures that the message delivery is timely; the message content is understandable, usable and accurate. To that end, diverse and multiple dissemination channels must be used to increase the chance of the messages reaching all affected persons in a hazard scenario. In addition to this, usage of internationally accepted standards for the warning dissemination such as the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) and Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL) Distribution Element specified by the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) increase the interoperability among different warning systems enabling thus the concept of system-of-systems proposed by GEOSS. The project Distant Early Warning System (DEWS), co-funded by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme, aims at strengthening the early warning capacities by building an innovative generation of interoperable tsunami early warning systems based on the above mentioned concepts following a Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) approach. The project focuses on the downstream part of the hazard information processing where customized, user-tailored warning messages and alerts flow from the warning centre to the responsible authorities and/or the public with their different needs and responsibilities. The information logistics services within DEWS generate tailored EDXL-DE/CAP warning messages for each user that must receive the message according to their preferences, e.g., settings for language, interested areas, dissemination channels, etc.. However, the significant difference in the implementation and capabilities of different dissemination channels such as SMS, email and television, have bearing on the information processing required for delivery and consumption of a DEWS EDXL-DE/CAP message over each dissemination channel. These messages may include additional information in the form of maps, graphs, documents, sensor observations, etc. Therefore, the generated messages are pre-processed by channel adaptors in the information dissemination services converting it into a format that is suitable for end-to-end delivery over the dissemination channels without any semantic distortion. The approach followed by DEWS for disseminating warnings not only relies on traditional communication ways used by the already established early warnings such as the delivery of faxes and phone calls but takes into consideration the use of other broadly used communication channels such as SMS, email, narrowcast and broadcast television, instant messaging, Voice over IP, and radio. It also takes advantage of social media channels like RSS feeds, Facebook, Twitter, etc., enabling a multiplier effect, like in the case of radio and television, and thus allowing to create mash-ups by aggregating other sources of information to the original message. Finally, status information is also important in order to assess and understand whether the process of disseminating the warning to the message consumers has been successfully completed or the process failed at some point of the dissemination chain. To that end, CAP-based messages generated within the information dissemination services provide the semantics for those fields that are of interest within the context of reporting the warning dissemination status in DEWS.

Esbri Palomares, M. A.; Hammitzsch, M.; Lendholt, M.

2012-04-01

356

Adolescents' Internet Search Strategies: Drawing upon Familiar Cognitive Paradigms when Accessing Electronic Information Sources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to evaluate and describe the Internet search strategies of adolescent learners. Participants were 161 middle and high school students. Collected data included students' descriptions of the search process, observations of student searching behaviors, and audit trail lists of search strings used by students. The students…

Guinee, Kathleen; Eagleton, Maya B.; Hall, Tracey E.

2003-01-01

357

Communities of Practice: A Strategy for Program Improvement. Information Brief, Volume 4, Issue 3, 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school students with disabilities encounter many barriers to successful transition, and thus they are likelier to drop out of school than their nondisabled peers and have more difficulties finding employment. Policy makers and practitioners in many fields are increasingly using communities of practice as a core strategy for developing…

Johnson, Donna; Bremer, Christine D.

2005-01-01

358

Strategies for Improving Miners' Training. CDC Workplace Safety and Health Information Circular, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These eight papers are intended to help prepare trainers of mine safety for an expected influx of younger workers as experienced miners retire and acquaint the trainers with strategies they can use to enhance their training effectiveness. "Principles of Adult Learning: Application for Mine Trainers" (Kathleen M. Kowalski, Charles Vaught) reviews…

Peters, Robert H., Ed.

359

Can mutagenicity information be useful in an Integrated Testing Strategy (ITS) for skin sensitization?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our previous work has investigated the utility of mutagenicity data in the development and application of Integrated Testing Strategies (ITS) for skin sensitization by focusing on the chemical mechanisms at play and substantiating these with experimental data where available. The hybrid expert system TIMES (Tissue Metabolism Simulator) was applied in the identification of the chemical mechanisms since it encodes a

G. Patlewicz; O. Mekenyan; G. Dimitrova; C. Kuseva; M. Todorov; S. Kotov; S. Stoeva; E. M. Donner

2010-01-01

360

From buzzword to business strategy: the case for information and decision support systems in e-healthcare.  

PubMed

Although electronic healthcare can boast of a remarkable origin in modern-day e-commerce in the form of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), its mission-critical nature in information-based strategising is yet to be realised. Restricting the scope of e-healthcare management to product advertisements and website management reflects an unfortunate trend of underutilisation of the scope of electronic decision support systems in pricing and other business strategies. This paper aims to illustrate how this trend can be corrected by transforming e-healthcare into a full-fledged business strategy for strategic positioning and corporate profitability. This argument is illustrated with the aid of a business example related to transfer pricing. PMID:18048255

Korukonda, Appa Rao; Korukonda, Saritha

2006-01-01

361

Postoperative Systemic Dissemination of Injected Elemental Mercury  

PubMed Central

There were only a few reports of mercury on pulmonary artery. However, there is no data on surgery related mercury dissemination. The objective of the present article is to describe one case of postoperative injected mercury dissemination. A 19-year-old man presented severe neck pain including meningeal irritation sign and abdominal pain after injection of mercury for the purpose of suicide. Radiologic study showed injected mercury in the neck involving high cervical epidural space and subcutaneous layer of abdomen. Partial hemilaminectomy and open mercury evacuation of spinal canal was performed. For the removal of abdominal subcutaneous mercury, C-arm guided needle aspiration was done. After surgery, radiologic study showed disseminated mercury in the lung, heart, skull base and low spinal canal. Neck pain and abdominal pain were improved after surgery. During 1 month after surgery, there was no symptom of mercury intoxication except increased mercury concentration of urine, blood and hair. We assumed the bone work during surgery might have caused mercury dissemination. Therefore, we recommend minimal invasive surgical technique for removal of injected mercury. If open exposures are needed, cautious surgical technique to prohibit mercury dissemination is necessary and normal barrier should be protected to prevent the migration of mercury. PMID:21607187

Kang, Suk-Hyung; Moon, Kyung-Yoon

2011-01-01

362

A rare case of disseminated cysticercosis  

PubMed Central

Cysticercosis is a common tropical disease. One of the uncommon manifestations and a rare complication is its disseminated form (DCC). Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the common parasitic disease of the central nervous system. Human cysticercosis is caused by the dissemination of the embryo of Taenia solium in the intestine via the hepatoportal system to the tissues and organs of the body. The organs most commonly affected are the subcutaneous tissues, skeletal muscles, lungs, brain, eyes, liver, and occasionally the heart, thyroid, and pancreas. Widespread dissemination of the cysticerci can result in the involvement of almost any organ in the body. We report here a case of a 36-year-old-male with disseminated cysticercosis. He visited our hospital with symptoms of multiple palpable nodules, dementia, and confusion. After the investigations he was diagnosed with disseminated cysticercosis involving the brain, subcutaneous tissues all over the body, and the skeletal muscles. The patient was initially treated with Albendazole in a private hospital, but there was no response. Then he was treated with Praziquantel and steroids. PMID:23767025

Bothale, Kalpana A; Mahore, Sadhana D; Maimoon, Sabiha A

2012-01-01

363

Public Information about the 2014 FESAC Strategic Planning (SP) Panel: Strategy At the 9-10 April 2014 FESAC meeting, the DOE Office of Science (SC) issued a  

E-print Network

Public Information about the 2014 FESAC Strategic Planning (SP) Panel: Strategy At the 9-10 April 2014 FESAC meeting, the DOE Office of Science (SC) issued a charge to Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) Advisory Committee (FESAC) to assess

364

A study of time dissemination via satellite in India  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simultaneous two way clock synchronization experiment between three Earth stations, was performed and improvements over the technique earlier attempted in which transmit/receive roles of the two stations were alternated at regular intervals, were studied. Time signals via two modes high frequency and satellite were critically monitored and analyzed. This time format was modified to include the additional information about time of the day in year, month, day, hour, minute and second as well as DUT1 in BCD code and was disseminated via the satellite. These signals were decoded, displayed and studied. Some preliminary work on time transfer via TV using direct satellite broadcast, was also conducted.

Mathur, B. S.; Banerjee, P.; Sood, P. C.; Saxena, M.; Kumar, N.; Suri, A. K.; Jain, C. L.; Kumar, K.

1979-01-01

365

Big Data and Smart Health Strategies: Findings from the Health Information Systems Perspective  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To summarize excellent current research in the field of Health Information Systems. Method Creation of a synopsis of the articles selected for the 2014 edition of the IMIA Yearbook. Results Four papers from international peer reviewed journals were selected and are summarized. Conclusions Selected articles illustrate current research regarding the impact and the evaluation of health information technology and the latest developments in health information exchange. PMID:25123731

2014-01-01

366

Broadcast and MAC-Aware Coding Strategies for Multiple User Information Embedding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple user information embedding is concerned with embedding several messages into the same host signal. This paper presents several implementable dirty-paper-coding (DPC)-based schemes for multiple user information embedding, through emphasizing their tight relationship with conventional multiple user information theory. We first show that depending on the targeted application and on whether the different messages are asked to have different robustness

Abdellatif Zaidi; Pablo Piantanida; Pierre Duhamel

2007-01-01

367

KNOs: KNowledge Acquisition, Dissemination and  

E-print Network

the notion of "auto- mated office assistants" for office workers. Office work is intellectual so we. 1 Introduction One of the main reasons for the advent of Office Information Systems is related to the lack of equipment and tools in offices. It is often pointed out that an average office worker has

Nierstrasz, Oscar

368

Statewide dissemination of a rural, non-chain restaurant intervention: adoption, implementation and maintenance.  

PubMed

The obesity epidemic calls for greater dissemination of nutrition-related programs, yet there remain few studies of the dissemination process. This study, guided by elements of the RE-AIM model, describes the statewide dissemination of a simple, point-of-purchase restaurant intervention. Conducted in rural counties of the Midwest, United States, the study targeted randomly selected, non-chain, family-style restaurants. Owners were recruited through mail, then telephone follow-up. Data were collected through telephone at baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 18 months post-adoption. Using mixed methods, measures captured the program adoption rate, characteristics of adopters and non-adopters, program implementation and maintenance issues, and owner and customer satisfaction. Analyses involved descriptive statistics and summaries of qualitative data. The program adoption rate was 28%. Adopters were similar to responding non-adopters demographically, but varied in attitudes. The majority of restaurants maintained the program for at least 12 months. Adopters and their customers expressed satisfaction with the program. With some adjustments, the RE-AIM model was helpful in guiding evaluation of this process. Results provide implications for future dissemination of this and other programs with regard to research procedures and potential barriers that may be encountered. Research on alternative strategies for widespread dissemination of such programs is needed in this and other settings. PMID:24650944

Nothwehr, F; Haines, H; Chrisman, M; Schultz, U

2014-06-01

369

Information Retrieval Strategies of Millennial Undergraduate Students in Web and Library Database Searches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Millennial students make up a large portion of undergraduate students attending colleges and universities, and they have a variety of online resources available to them to complete academically related information searches, primarily Web based and library-based online information retrieval systems. The content, ease of use, and required search…

Porter, Brandi

2009-01-01

370

Strategies for the Acquisition of Market Intelligence, and Implications for the Transferability of Information Inputs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent fast growth of producer services has led to an expanding literature on the contribution of high-order services to innovative and successful industries. Countless studies have shown that greater competitiveness is associated with the use of outside expertise and information in the form of technical and management services, and information about markets and user needs. The objectives of this

Susan L. Cornish

1997-01-01

371

How Hip-Hop Musicians Learn: Strategies in Informal Creative Music Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of informal musical learning outside institutional settings, such as schools, has proved to contribute important knowledge to aspects of music education. Hip-hop, as an example of informal musical learning, has so far been quite an unexplored field for research. The present study investigates music creation within two hip-hop groups (…

Soderman, Johan; Folkestad, Goran

2004-01-01

372

Do your friends make you smarter?: An analysis of social strategies in online information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research in the social search space has focused on the informational benefits of col- laborating with others during web and workplace information seeking. However, social interactions, especially during complex tasks, can have cognitive benefits as well. Our goal in this paper is to document the methods and outcomes of using social resources to help with exploratory search tasks. We

Brynn M. Evans; Sanjay Kairam; Peter Pirolli

2010-01-01

373

CyberStrategies: How To Build an Internet-Based Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many organizations grapple with a glut of electronic information spawned by stockpiles of incompatible computers. This book offers solutions in information sharing and computer interaction. Rather than being about the Internet per se, it is about approaches that are characteristic of the Internet and the managerial and technical aspects of…

Carroll, Michael L.; Downs, W. Scott

374

User data dissemination concepts for earth resources: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The impact of the future capabilities of earth-resources data sensors (both satellite and airborne) and their requirements on the data dissemination network were investigated and optimum ways of configuring this network were determined. The scope of this study was limited to the continental U.S.A. (including Alaska) and to the 1985-1995 time period. Some of the conclusions and recommendations reached were: (1) Data from satellites in sun-synchronous polar orbits (700-920 km) will generate most of the earth-resources data in the specified time period. (2) Data from aircraft and shuttle sorties cannot be readily integrated in a data-dissemination network unless already preprocessed in a digitized form to a standard geometric coordinate system. (3) Data transmission between readout stations and central preprocessing facilities, and between processing facilities and user facilities are most economically performed by domestic communication satellites. (4) The effect of the following factors should be studied: cloud cover, expanded coverage, pricing strategies, multidiscipline missions.

Davies, R.; Scott, M.; Mitchell, C.; Torbett, A.

1976-01-01

375

A Murine Model for Disseminated Candidiasis in Neonates  

PubMed Central

Candida albicans is the leading fungal pathogen causing invasive disease in immunocompromised patients including the neonate. A reliable animal model for disseminated candidiasis in the neonate is needed to study the unique aspects of this host-pathogen interaction. To establish such a model, two day old BALB/c mouse pups were given intraperitoneal injections with varied inocula of C. albicans or saline control. Pups were examined every 3-8 hours for death. Surviving pups were sacrificed at 72 hours. Kidney, lung, spleen, liver and brain were homogenized and plated for colony counts and/or fixed for histological staining. Intraperitoneal injection of C. albicans led to mortality in a dose-dependent fashion. Disseminated infection was confirmed by colony counts of homogenized kidney, lung, and brain, as well as by histological examination. Infection with a C. albicans mutant lacking the cell surface adhesin, Als3p, led to significant reduction in mortality relative to wild-type (P = 0.03). This model will be useful to study the unique aspects of antifungal defense in a neonatal host and will provide a means to test novel therapeutic strategies. PMID:21099449

Tsai, Nancy Y.; Laforce-Nesbitt, Sonia S.; Tucker, Richard; Bliss, Joseph M.

2011-01-01

376

Strategy: Search and Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses search strategy, strategies for understanding information, and instructional strategies as they relate to information literacy. Topics include orientation to sources and services; awareness of key literature; critical thinking and problem solving; inquiry; reading comprehension to enhance understanding; and strategies used by proficient…

Callison, Daniel

2001-01-01

377

Using community surveys to inform the planning and implementation of environmental change strategies: participatory research in 12 Washington communities.  

PubMed

A number of studies have demonstrated the efficacy of environmental change strategies (ECS) in effecting community-level change on attitudes and behaviors related to underage drinking (Treno and Lee in Alcohol Res Health 26:35-40, 2002; Birckmayer et al. in J Drug Educ 34(2):121-153, 2004). Primary data collection to inform the design of these strategies, however, can be resource intensive and exceed the capacity of community stakeholders. This study describes the participatory planning and implementation of community-level surveys in 12 diverse communities in the state of Washington. These surveys were conducted through collaborations among community volunteers and evaluation experts assigned to each community. The surveys were driven by communities' prevention planning needs and interests; constructed from collections of existing, field-tested items and scales; implemented by community members; analyzed by evaluation staff; and used in the design of ECS by community-level leaders and prevention practitioners. The communities varied in the content of their surveys, in their sampling approaches and in their data collection methods. Although these surveys were not conducted using traditional rigorous population survey methodology, they were done within limited resources, and the participatory nature of these activities strengthened the communities' commitment to using their results in the planning of their environmental change strategies. PMID:22864957

Gabriel, Roy M; Leichtling, Gillian J; Bolan, Marc; Becker, Linda G

2013-03-01

378

Beyond the media: A new strategy for distributing scientific and technical information  

SciTech Connect

Communications media -- newspapers, television, magazines, etc. -- may be the most powerful single influence on modern life. Certainly they are the most important source of information citizens use to form opinions about such complex scientific questions as global warming or nuclear waste cleanup. But commercial news media have built-in limitations on their effectiveness as information sources. Reliance on advertising for revenue means the media are limited in the volume of material they can cover. In addition, the need to attract the largest possible, or the most select, audience for advertisers limits the complexity of information that the media can present. Finally, existing media organizations offer few, if any, ways for users to retrieve past information. These limitations deprive citizens of needed information, increase pressure on political leaders, and create the gridlock over scientific and public policy questions caused by the Not in My Backyard'' snydrome. Fortunately, modern communications technology is changing in ways that allow public policy makers to address these shortenings. Companies now barred from the information business are seeking to enter, existing media companies are looking for new sources of revenue, and new information products are seeking markets. Several changes to existing media and communications policy will be suggested and general principles for building a better overall communications system will be discussed. 18 refs.

Preecs, B.L.

1991-11-01

379

Development of elementary school students' cognitive structures and information processing strategies under long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purpose of this study was to explore the effects of long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction on elementary school students' process of constructing cognitive structures. Furthermore, such effects on different science achievers were also investigated. The subjects of this study were 69 fifth graders in Taiwan, while they were assigned to either a constructivist-oriented instruction group or a traditional teaching group. The research treatment was conducted for 5 months, including six instructional units, and students' cognitive structures were probed through interviews coupled with a metalistening technique'' after the instruction of each unit. The interview narratives were transcribed into the format of flow maps. In addition, the information processing modes shown in the flow maps were also investigated through a series of content analyses. The findings showed that the students in the constructivist-oriented instruction group attained significantly better learning outcomes in terms of the extent and integration of their cognitive structures, metacognition engagement, and the usage of information processing strategies. Moreover, it was also revealed that both high achievers and low achievers benefited from the constructivist-oriented instructional activities, but in different ways. For example, both high achievers and low achievers in the constructivist-oriented instruction group attained better usage of information processing strategies than their counterparts in traditional teaching group did; but only high achievers displayed better usage of higher order information processing modes (i.e., inferring or explaining) than their counterparts in traditional teaching group did. The results in this study finally suggest a four-stage model for students' process of constructing cognitive structure under the constructivist-oriented science instruction, including cognitive structure acquisition, metacognition enrichment, cognitive structure integration, and cognitive structure refinement.

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2005-09-01

380

The clearinghouse concept: a model for geospatial data centralization and dissemination in a disaster.  

PubMed

The disaster clearinghouse concept originates with the earthquake community as an effort to coordinate research and data collection activities. Though prior earthquake clearinghouses are small in comparison to what was needed in response to Hurricane Katrina, these seminal structures are germane to the establishment of our current model. On 3 September 2005, five days after Katrina wrought cataclysmic destruction along the Gulf Coast, FEMA and Louisiana State University personnel met to establish the LSU GIS Clearinghouse Cooperative (LGCC), a resource for centralization and dissemination of geospatial information related to Hurricane Katrina. Since its inception, the LGCC has developed into a working model for organization, dissemination, archiving and research regarding geospatial information in a disaster. This article outlines the formation of the LGCC, issues of data organization, and methods of data dissemination and archiving with an eye towards implementing the clearinghouse model as a standard resource for addressing geospatial data needs in disaster research and management. PMID:18958915

Mills, Jacqueline Warren; Curtis, Andrew; Pine, John C; Kennedy, Barrett; Jones, Farrell; Ramani, Ramesh; Bausch, Douglas

2008-09-01

381

The role of customer experience in technology strategy : implications for product adoption in information technology  

E-print Network

This research identifies and describes the impact of customer experience on the adoption of information technology products. The research findings are applied to the business case of a global technology firm entering into ...

Vernon, Mona Masghati

2011-01-01

382

Food urbanism : urban agriculture as a strategy to facilitate social mobility in informal settlements  

E-print Network

Can community-based urban agriculture generate stronger communities? How is this possible? This thesis explores the possibility of community development through application of community gardens in an informal settlement ...

Amirtahmasebi, Rana

2008-01-01

383

Comparing traditional and participatory dissemination of a shared decision making intervention (ADAPT-NC): a cluster randomized trial.  

PubMed

BackgroundAsthma is a common disease that affects people of all ages and has significant morbidity and mortality. Poor outcomes and health disparities related to asthma result in part from the difficulty of disseminating new evidence and care delivery methods such as shared decision making (SDM) into clinical practice.This 3-year study explores the ideal framework for rapid dissemination of an evidence-based SDM toolkit for asthma management. The study leverages a partnership between the North Carolina (NC) statewide Medicaid network and the NC Network Consortium of practice-based research networks (PBRN).Methods/designThis non-blinded study will randomize 30 primary care clinics in NC stratified by four PBRNs. We will test dissemination across these practices using a facilitator-led participatory approach to dissemination (FLOW), a novel method of participatory dissemination involving key principles of community-based participatory research, and a more typical ¿lunch and learn¿ dissemination method. Specifically, we will use cluster randomization to assign each of the 30 practices to one of three arms: (1) control, no dissemination; (2) traditional dissemination, one didactic session a year and distribution of educational material; and (3) FLOW dissemination. We hypothesize that at the unit of randomization, the clinic, patients in the FLOW dissemination arm will be more likely to share in their treatment decisions compared to patients in the traditional dissemination or control arms. All outcomes will be measured at the level of the clinic. Adoption of the SDM approach will be evaluated by 1) asthma exacerbations, 2) level of patient involvement in the decision making process, and 3) qualitative assessments from patients and providers.The research question is: What dissemination strategy most effectively increases practice level adoption of a shared decision making approach to asthma management? This study will provide important data to support best practices in dissemination of an evidence-based toolkit and implementation of shared decision making into primary care practices.Trial registrationThe trial was registered on January 27, 2014 through the United States National Institutes of Health¿s ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02047929 (http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02047929) and funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). PMID:25359128

Tapp, Hazel; McWilliams, Andrew; Ludden, Thomas; Kuhn, Lindsay; Taylor, Yhenneko; Alkhazraji, Thamara; Halladay, Jacquie; Derkowski, Diane; Mohanan, Sveta; Dulin, Michael

2014-10-29

384

Developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence (DECIDE): protocol and preliminary results  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare decision makers face challenges when using guidelines, including understanding the quality of the evidence or the values and preferences upon which recommendations are made, which are often not clear. Methods GRADE is a systematic approach towards assessing the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations in healthcare. GRADE also gives advice on how to go from evidence to decisions. It has been developed to address the weaknesses of other grading systems and is now widely used internationally. The Developing and Evaluating Communication Strategies to Support Informed Decisions and Practice Based on Evidence (DECIDE) consortium (http://www.decide-collaboration.eu/), which includes members of the GRADE Working Group and other partners, will explore methods to ensure effective communication of evidence-based recommendations targeted at key stakeholders: healthcare professionals, policymakers, and managers, as well as patients and the general public. Surveys and interviews with guideline producers and other stakeholders will explore how presentation of the evidence could be improved to better meet their information needs. We will collect further stakeholder input from advisory groups, via consultations and user testing; this will be done across a wide range of healthcare systems in Europe, North America, and other countries. Targeted communication strategies will be developed, evaluated in randomized trials, refined, and assessed during the development of real guidelines. Discussion Results of the DECIDE project will improve the communication of evidence-based healthcare recommendations. Building on the work of the GRADE Working Group, DECIDE will develop and evaluate methods that address communication needs of guideline users. The project will produce strategies for communicating recommendations that have been rigorously evaluated in diverse settings, and it will support the transfer of research into practice in healthcare systems globally. PMID:23302501

2013-01-01

385

Weather data dissemination to aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Documentation exists that shows weather to be responsible for approximately 40 percent of all general aviation accidents with fatalities. Weather data products available on the ground are becoming more sophisticated and greater in number. Although many of these data are critical to aircraft safety, they currently must be transmitted verbally to the aircraft. This process is labor intensive and provides a low rate of information transfer. Consequently, the pilot is often forced to make life-critical decisions based on incomplete and outdated information. Automated transmission of weather data from the ground to the aircraft can provide the aircrew with accurate data in near-real time. The current National Airspace System Plan calls for such an uplink capability to be provided by the Mode S Beacon System data link. Although this system has a very advanced data link capability, it will not be capable of providing adequate weather data to all airspace users in its planned configuration. This paper delineates some of the important weather data uplink system requirements, and describes a system which is capable of meeting these requirements. The proposed system utilizes a run-length coding technique for image data compression and a hybrid phase and amplitude modulation technique for the transmission of both voice and weather data on existing aeronautical Very High Frequency (VHF) voice communication channels.

Mcfarland, Richard H.; Parker, Craig B.

1990-01-01

386

CHRONIC DISSEMINATED HISTOPLASMOSIS WITH PROLONGED LATENCY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A case of chronic disseminated histoplasmosis in an ex-serviceman is described. Evidence is presented to support a latency period of over sixty years between acquisition of infection and clinical manifestation. This is the longest latency period for histoplasmosis described in the medical literature...

387

Disseminated herpes simplex in newborn infants  

PubMed Central

Six cases of disseminated herpes simplex virus infection in newborn infants have been collected. The morbid anatomical and histological findings are described for the various tissues of the body. For the first time, the typical lesions were found in the lung. This and the other findings are discussed from the aetiological point of view. Images PMID:14063326

Bird, T.; Ennis, J. E.; Wort, A. J.; Gardner, P. S.

1963-01-01

388

Hepatic angiosarcoma associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation  

PubMed Central

We present a case of hepatic angiosarcoma that presented with disseminated intravascular coagulopathy to highlight the difficulty in diagnosing this disease due its aggressive clinical course, the overlapping features of various coagulopathies, and the nonspecific appearance of angiosarcomas on imaging. PMID:25552799

Podduturi, Varsha; Guileyardo, Joseph M.; Cooper, Barry

2015-01-01

389

Factors that Influence Dissemination in Engineering Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the need for new educational materials and methods in engineering education is increasing, the process of disseminating (making target groups become aware of, accept, and use) these innovations remains a challenge. A literature review shows that few studies have thoroughly investigated this area. The purpose of this article is to identify…

Hazen, B. T.; Wu, Yun; Sankar, C. S.

2012-01-01

390

Adaptive Dissemination of Safety Data Among Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In-vehicle active safety systems are directed towards reducing the number of accidents or at least alleviating their consequences. One of the key technologies for developing these systems is safety vehicular communication. This paper proposes an adaptive approach to dissemination of safety data among vehicles. This data is then used by systems in vehicles for identifying hazards in traffic and reacting

Ioan Chisalita; Nahid Shahmehri

2006-01-01

391

Hypoadrenal crisis caused by disseminated histoplasmosis.  

PubMed

We report a case of disseminated histoplasmosis presenting with acute renal impairment due to adrenal insufficiency. The finding of bilateral adrenal gland enlargement on abdominal ultrasound examination led to a diagnostic CT-guided adrenal biopsy. Prolonged therapy with amphotericin and itraconazole resulted in a clinical cure, although the patient still requires adrenal replacement therapy. PMID:8228301

Lee, J; Jones, P H; Trowell, J E; Whitear, W P; Williams, P F

1993-09-01

392

Disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection in a cat  

PubMed Central

A domestic shorthair cat was presented for lethargy and ataxia. Clinical findings included an abdominal mass, lumbosacral pain, ataxia. Aspirates from the liver and lymph nodes revealed intracellular, negative-staining rods. Treatment for presumptive mycobacterium infection was unsuccessful and the cat was euthanized. Disseminated Mycobacterium avium was confirmed on culture. PMID:12001504

Barry, Maureen; Taylor, Judith; Woods, Paul

2002-01-01

393

Protecting patient privacy by quantifiable control of disclosures in disseminated databases.  

PubMed

One of the fundamental rights of patients is to have their privacy protected by health care organizations, so that information that can be used to identify a particular individual is not used to reveal sensitive patient data such as diagnoses, reasons for ordering tests, test results, etc. A common practice is to remove sensitive data from databases that are disseminated to the public, but this can make the disseminated database useless for important public health purposes. If the degree of anonymity of a disseminated data set could be measured, it would be possible to design algorithms that can assure that the desired level of confidentiality is achieved. Privacy protection in disseminated databases can be facilitated by the use of special ambiguation algorithms. Most of these algorithms are aimed at making one individual indistinguishable from one or more of his peers. However, even in databases considered "anonymous", it may still be possible to obtain sensitive information about some individuals or groups of individuals with the use of pattern recognition algorithms. In this article, we study the problem of determining the degree of ambiguation in disseminated databases and discuss its implications in the development and testing of "anonymization" algorithms. PMID:15246040

Ohno-Machado, Lucila; Silveira, Paulo Sérgio Panse; Vinterbo, Staal

2004-08-01

394

Use of spatial information and search strategies in a water maze analog in Drosophila melanogaster.  

PubMed

Learning the spatial organization of the environment is crucial to fitness in most animal species. Understanding proximate and ultimate factors underpinning spatial memory is thus a major goal in the study of animal behavior. Despite considerable interest in various aspects of its behavior and biology, the model species Drosophila melanogaster lacks a standardized apparatus to investigate spatial learning and memory. We propose here a novel apparatus, the heat maze, conceptually based on the Morris water maze used in rodents. Using the heat maze, we demonstrate that D. melanogaster flies are able to use either proximal or distal visual cues to increase their performance in navigating to a safe zone. We also show that flies are actively using the orientation of distal visual cues when relevant in targeting the safe zone, i.e., Drosophila display spatial learning. Parameter-based classification of search strategies demonstrated the progressive use of spatially precise search strategies during learning. We discuss the opportunity to unravel the mechanistic and evolutionary bases of spatial learning in Drosophila using the heat maze. PMID:21151940

Foucaud, Julien; Burns, James G; Mery, Frederic

2010-01-01

395

Use of Spatial Information and Search Strategies in a Water Maze Analog in Drosophila melanogaster  

PubMed Central

Learning the spatial organization of the environment is crucial to fitness in most animal species. Understanding proximate and ultimate factors underpinning spatial memory is thus a major goal in the study of animal behavior. Despite considerable interest in various aspects of its behavior and biology, the model species Drosophila melanogaster lacks a standardized apparatus to investigate spatial learning and memory. We propose here a novel apparatus, the heat maze, conceptually based on the Morris water maze used in rodents. Using the heat maze, we demonstrate that D. melanogaster flies are able to use either proximal or distal visual cues to increase their performance in navigating to a safe zone. We also show that flies are actively using the orientation of distal visual cues when relevant in targeting the safe zone, i.e., Drosophila display spatial learning. Parameter-based classification of search strategies demonstrated the progressive use of spatially precise search strategies during learning. We discuss the opportunity to unravel the mechanistic and evolutionary bases of spatial learning in Drosophila using the heat maze. PMID:21151940

Foucaud, Julien; Burns, James G.; Mery, Frederic

2010-01-01

396

[Giving priority to disseminating the idea of planned birth].  

PubMed

Under the sponsorship of the Office for Planned Birth of the State Council, a symposium on disseminating information on planned birth was held on January 10-14, 1981 in Beijing. It was attended by over 50 comrades from various units. 3 cooperative groups for information dissemination based in Beijing, Shanghai, and Chengdu were established and their duties and organizations were separately discussed. Major speeches were delivered by Comrade Chen Muhua, Vice-Premier of the State Council, and by Comrade Wang Renzhong, Minister of Propaganda. Comrade Chen stressed the importance of understanding and balancing the 2 aspects of production, material and human. She pointed out the tremendous task of attaining the goal of a planned population of not more than 1.2 billion by year 2000, which would require rigorous efforts from every level--from province, district, county, factory down to family and the individual. She also pointed out the difficulty and necessity of advocating 1 child/couple and urged that the people be educated to dismiss the old feudal notion of producing only males to carry on family traditions. Comrade Wang stressed the importance of a controlled population growth to the future prosperity of China and the active participation of every citizen. Concluding remarks by Comrades Li Xiuzhen and Liu Qingshan, Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively of the Office for Planned Birth, stressed the importance and priority of educating the public in birth control. PMID:12311030

Zhang, F

1981-04-01

397

Bioinformatics education dissemination with an evolutionary problem solving perspective.  

PubMed

Bioinformatics is central to biology education in the 21st century. With the generation of terabytes of data per day, the application of computer-based tools to stored and distributed data is fundamentally changing research and its application to problems in medicine, agriculture, conservation and forensics. In light of this 'information revolution,' undergraduate biology curricula must be redesigned to prepare the next generation of informed citizens as well as those who will pursue careers in the life sciences. The BEDROCK initiative (Bioinformatics Education Dissemination: Reaching Out, Connecting and Knitting together) has fostered an international community of bioinformatics educators. The initiative's goals are to: (i) Identify and support faculty who can take leadership roles in bioinformatics education; (ii) Highlight and distribute innovative approaches to incorporating evolutionary bioinformatics data and techniques throughout undergraduate education; (iii) Establish mechanisms for the broad dissemination of bioinformatics resource materials and teaching models; (iv) Emphasize phylogenetic thinking and problem solving; and (v) Develop and publish new software tools to help students develop and test evolutionary hypotheses. Since 2002, BEDROCK has offered more than 50 faculty workshops around the world, published many resources and supported an environment for developing and sharing bioinformatics education approaches. The BEDROCK initiative builds on the established pedagogical philosophy and academic community of the BioQUEST Curriculum Consortium to assemble the diverse intellectual and human resources required to sustain an international reform effort in undergraduate bioinformatics education. PMID:21036947

Jungck, John R; Donovan, Samuel S; Weisstein, Anton E; Khiripet, Noppadon; Everse, Stephen J

2010-11-01

398

Dissemination and Implementation Research Funded by the US National Institutes of Health, 2005–2012  

PubMed Central

Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research is a growing area of science focused on overcoming the science-practice gap by targeting the distribution of information and adoption of interventions to public health and clinical practice settings. This study examined D&I research projects funded under specific program announcements by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 2005 to 2012. The authors described the projects' D&I strategies, funding by NIH Institute, focus, characteristics of the principal investigators (PIs) and their organizations, and other aspects of study design and setting. Results showed 46 R01s, 6 R03s, and 24 R21s funded totaling $79.2 million. The top funders were the National Cancer Institute and the National Institute of Mental Health, together providing 61% of funding. The majority of PIs were affiliated with Schools of Medicine or large, nonprofit research organizations and think tanks. Only 4% of projects were to PIs with appointments at Schools of Nursing, with 7% of the funding. The most commonly funded projects across all of the studies focused on cancer control and screening, substance abuse prevention and treatment, and mental health services. Typically implemented in community and organizational settings, D&I research provides an excellent opportunity for team science, including nurse scientists and interdisciplinary collaborators. PMID:23606958

Tinkle, Mindy; Kimball, Richard; Haozous, Emily A.; Shuster, George; Meize-Grochowski, Robin

2013-01-01

399

Information and control strategy to solve the degrees-of-freedom problem for nested locomotion-to-reach.  

PubMed

Locomoting-to-reach to a target is a common visuomotor approach behavior that consists of two nested component actions: locomotion and reaching. The information and control strategies that guide locomotion and reaching in isolation are well studied, but their interaction during locomoting-to-reach behavior has received little attention. We investigated the role of proportional rate control in unifying these components into one action. Individuals use this control strategy with hand-centric disparity-based ? information to guide seated reaching (Anderson and Bingham in Exp Brain Res 205:291-306. doi: 10.1007/s00221-010-2361-9 , 2010) and use it with sequential information to perform targeted locomotion to bring an outstretched arm and hand to a target; first with eye-centric ? information and then hand-centric ? information near the target (Anderson and Bingham in Exp Brain Res 214:631-644. doi: 10.1007/s00221-011-2865-y , 2011). In the current study, participants performed two tasks: locomoting to bring a rigidly outstretched arm and hand to a target (handout), and locomoting to initiate and guide a reach to a target (locomoting-to-reach). Movement trajectories were analyzed. Results show that participants used proportional rate control throughout both tasks, in the sequential manner that was found by Anderson and Bingham (Exp Brain Res 214:631-644. doi: 10.1007/s00221-011-2865-y , 2011). Individual differences were found in the moment at which this information switch occurred in the locomoting-to-reach task. Some participants appeared to switch to proportional rate control with hand-? once the hand came into view and others switched once the reaching component was complete and the arm was fully outstretched. In the locomoting-to-reach task, participants consistently initiated reaches when eye-? specified a time-to-contact of 1.0 s. Proportional rate control provides a solution to the degrees-of-freedom problem in the classic manner, by making multiple things one. PMID:25146573

Fath, Aaron J; Marks, Brian S; Snapp-Childs, Winona; Bingham, Geoffrey P

2014-12-01

400

Bulgarian district heating system feasibility study. Section 9. Investment program and financial strategy. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The study, conducted by Gilbert/Commonwealth International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of the Committee of Energy of the Government of Bulgaria. The report presents the results of a comprehensive study to upgrade the capacity, reliability and efficiency of the District Heating Systems in Sofia and Pernik Cities. The study also covers the condition of the existing facilities and equipment as well as plans for upgrading and the implementation of new equipment for the plants. The report is divided into 11 volumes. Volume 10 contains the Investment Program and Financial Strategy and is divided into the following sections: (1) Introduction; (2) Discussion of Input Data; (3) Description of Model; (4) Analysis and Results; (5) Conclusions and Recommendations.

NONE

1995-02-01

401

76 FR 50479 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approval; Comment Request; Lead-Based Paint Pre-Renovation Information Dissemination...for review and approval: Lead-Based Paint Pre- Renovation Information Dissemination...regulations.gov. Title: Lead-Based Paint Pre-Renovation Information...

2011-08-15

402

Telecommunication and Information Infrastructures in the Botswana and SADC Development Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of telecommunications and the information infrastructure in the economic development of Botswana. Highlights include the SADC (Southern African Development Community), the role of the World Bank in telecommunications in developing countries, and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) agenda for global telecommunications…

Afullo, Thomas J. O.

1999-01-01

403

Academic Users' Information Searching on Research Topics: Characteristics of Research Tasks and Search Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project investigated how academic users search for information on their real-life research tasks. This article presents the findings of the first of two studies. The study data were collected in the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia. Eleven PhD students' searching behaviors on personal research topics were…

Du, Jia Tina; Evans, Nina

2011-01-01

404

Green Grades: The Popularity and Perceived Effectiveness of Information-Based Environmental Governance Strategies  

E-print Network

company and facility performance reveals a key tradeoff for such governance efforts – companies and evaluationCompanies Not an Evaluation (Only Provides Descriptive Information) Not an Evaluation of Environmental Performancecompanies, company facilities, services or products? is an evaluation of some aspect of environmental performance

Bullock, Graham Daniel

2011-01-01

405

Guided Self-Management of Transient Information in Animations through Pacing and Sequencing Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning with instructional animations may overstretch limited working memory resources due to intense processing demands associated with transient information. The authors investigated whether explicit instructional advice coupled with a task-specific learner control mechanism (such as a timeline scrollbar) could facilitate the successful…

Hatsidimitris, George; Kalyuga, Slava

2013-01-01

406

79 FR 56091 - Request for Information (RFI)-National Privacy Research Strategy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and information systems. The computing revolution is enabling advances...technologies such as wearable computing (e.g., glasses with cameras...biomedical sensors), embedded computing (e.g., Internet of Things...systems (e.g., the Smart Grid) create new contexts in...

2014-09-18

407

Teacher-School Library Media Specialist Collaboration through Social Marketing Strategies: An Information Behavior Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was supported in part though an IMLS Kent State University Grant supporting Information Literacy. Based on the importance of teacher-school library media specialist collaboration, this study seeks to advance knowledge involving the dynamics of this special relationship. The subjects were a group of student librarians--themselves…

Immroth, Barbara; Lukenbill, W. Bernard

2007-01-01

408

Business continuity strategies for cyber defence: battling time and information overload.  

PubMed

Can the same numbers and letters which are the life blood of modern business and government computer systems be harnessed to protect computers from attack against known information security risks? For the past seven years, Foreign Service officers and technicians of the US Government have sought to maintain diplomatic operations in the face of rising cyber attacks and test the hypothesis that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. As eight out of ten attacks leverage known computer security vulnerabilities or configuration setting weaknesses, a pound of cure would seem to be easy to come by. Yet modern security tools present an unusually consequential threat to business continuity - too much rather than too little information on cyber problems is presented, harking back to a phenomenon cited by social scientists in the 1960s called 'information overload'. Experience indicates that the longer the most serious cyber problems go untreated, the wider the attack surface adversaries can find. One technique used at the Department of State, called 'risk scoring', resulted in an 89 per cent overall reduction in measured risk over 12 months for the Department of State's servers and personal computers. Later refinements of risk scoring enabled technicians to correct unique security threats with unprecedented speed. This paper explores how the use of metrics, special care in presenting information to technicians and executives alike, as well as tactical use of organisational incentives can result in stronger cyber defences protecting modern organisations. PMID:21177217

Streufert, John

2010-11-01

409

Career strategies, job plateau, career plateau, and job satisfaction among information technology professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the conceptualization of career plateau and develops a related concept known as job plateau. Job plateau is defined as the point whereby the individual finds the work boring and that it provides no opportunities for learning new skills. Job plateau is particularly relevant to Information Technology (IT) professionals because IT professionals enjoy challenging jobs. IT professionals want

Patrick Chang Boon Lee; Boon Lee

1999-01-01

410

Participants’ perceptions of a knowledge-brokering strategy to facilitate evidence-informed policy-making in Fiji  

PubMed Central

Background Evidence-informed policy-making (EIPM) is optimal when evidence-producers (researchers) and policy developers work collaboratively to ensure the production and use of the best available evidence. This paper examined participants’ perceptions of knowledge-brokering strategies used in the TROPIC (Translational Research in Obesity Prevention in Communities) project to facilitate the use of obesity-related evidence in policy development in Fiji. Method Knowledge-brokers delivered a 12-18 month programme comprising workshops targeting EIPM skills and practical support for developing evidence-informed policy briefs to reduce obesity. The programme was tailored to each of the six participating organizations. Knowledge-brokering strategies included negotiating topics that were aligned to the goals of individual organizations, monitoring and evaluating time-management skills, accommodating other organizational and individual priorities, delivering practical sessions on use of appropriate research tools and supporting individual writing of policy briefs. Two qualitative methods were used to examine individuals’ perceptions of skills obtained, opportunities afforded by the TROPIC project, facilitators and inhibiters to planned policy brief development and suggestions for improved programme delivery. Forty-nine participants completed an electronic word table and then participated in a semi-structured interview. An independent interviewer conducted structured interviews with a high-ranking officer in each organization to examine their perceptions of TROPIC engagement strategies. Data were analyzed descriptively and thematically, with the first author and another experienced qualitative researcher analyzing data sets separately, and then combining analyses. Results Many participants believed that they had increased their skills in acquiring, assessing, adapting and applying evidence, writing policy briefs and presenting evidence-based arguments to higher levels. Many participants preferred one-to-one meetings to group activities to ensure early resolution of developing issues and to refine policy briefs. Perceived barriers to EIPM were lack of knowledge about data sources, inadequate time to develop evidence-informed briefs, and insufficient resources for accessing and managing evidence. Conclusion An innovative knowledge-brokering approach utilizing skill development and mentorship facilitated individual EIPM skills and policy brief development. The TROPIC model could stimulate evidence-based policy action relating to obesity prevention and other policy areas in other Pacific countries and elsewhere. PMID:23919672

2013-01-01

411

Dissemination of School Finance Services in Urban School Districts. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this paper was designed to test specific ways of improving the dissemination of school finance information in two big city school districts (St. Louis and Kansas City, Missouri), in order to enable them to compete more effectively for State aid. Part I presents the political and fiscal environment in which Kansas City and…

Goertz, Margaret E.

412

Understanding Practitioners' Characteristics and Perspectives Prior to the Dissemination of an Evidence-Based Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To describe the characteristics and repertoires of community practitioners serving families involved in child physical abuse that may inform training and treatment dissemination efforts. The aims are to: (a) describe the background characteristics of these clinicians; (b) document their most common intervention techniques; (c) examine…

Baumann, Barbara L.; Kolko, David J.; Collins, Kathryn; Herschell, Amy D.

2006-01-01

413

Scholarly Knowledge Development and Dissemination in an International Context: Approaches and Tools for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the process of collaboratively creating and disseminating information resources, such as journals, books, papers, and multimedia resources in higher education. This process has been facilitated and encouraged by two relatively new movements, open-source and, especially, open access. The most definitive expression of the…

Willis, Jerry; Baron, Josh; Lee, Reba-Anna; Gozza-Cohen, Mary; Currie, Amity

2010-01-01

414

Contextual Factors Influencing Readiness for Dissemination of Obesity Prevention Programs and Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the realm of obesity prevention research, there have been many promising interventions to improve physical activity and nutrition among diverse target populations. However, very little information is known about the dissemination and replication of these interventions. In 2007 and 2008 as part of a larger obesity prevention initiative,…

Dreisinger, Mariah L.; Boland, Elizabeth M.; Filler, Carl D.; Baker, Elizabeth A.; Hessel, Amy S.; Brownson, Ross C.

2012-01-01

415

National Cancer Institute Disseminates Communications Material Related to I-131 Radioactive Fallout Exposure  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) will disseminate communications materials to key partners and regional representatives to help better inform the public about potential thyroid cancer risk from Iodine-131 (I-131) radioactive fallout due to nuclear testing in the 1950s and early 1960s. Questions and Answers

416

Modes of Access: The Influence of Dissemination Channels on the Use of Open Access Monographs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper studies the effects of several dissemination channels in an open access environment by analysing the download data of the OAPEN Library. Method: Download data were obtained containing the number of downloads and the name of the Internet provider. Based on public information, each Internet provider was categorised. The…

Snijder, Ronald

2014-01-01

417

A Campus-Community Partnership to Disseminate Health Internet Technology Resources among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is increasingly used to disseminate health information about diseases and prevention and to help in obtaining health services. Although technology can empower African Americans to adopt healthy lifestyles, the gap in usage between African Americans and Whites undermines the potential power of health Internet technology (IT) to…

Littlefield, Melissa B.; Edwards, Lorece; Akers, Timothy

2014-01-01

418

The widest practicable dissemination: The NASA technical report server  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA's information lead a gross-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial 6-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael; Accomazzi, Alberto

1995-01-01

419

Internships for Leaders in Demonstration and Dissemination. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During its 3 years of operation, the internships for Leaders in Dissemination Program trained 15 advanced graduate students, five per year, in techniques of evaluating dissemination efforts and developing procedures and materials for dissemination. Program participants were required to have a masters degree and a minimum of 3 years teaching…

Simmons, Wilber D.

420

Information Retrieval – Swedish Specialist Student Nurses` Strategies for Finding Clinical Evidence  

PubMed Central

The care that intra-operative nurses perform has to be based on scientific knowledge. It is therefore vitally important that they have access to different databases and the Internet, as well as knowledge of the search procedure to find evidence for best practice. This means that specialist nurses should be proficient in the search procedure, interpretation of data, and implementation of available knowledge. The aim of this study was therefore to highlight the search strategies of specialist student nurses for finding scientific knowledge with regard to specific clinical issues. An additional aim was to assess their ability to critically evaluate scientific articles. Methods: The participants, n 16, all students enrolled in a university programme for specialist nursing in anaesthesia care, were required to find support for six questions, by using scientific knowledge databases. The tasks that required support are related to their future profession and were divided into three main areas: pre-, intra-, and post-operative care. Two distinct questions for each main area had to be answered. The data was analysed quantitatively using manifest content analysis as a basis. Result: This study reveals that the student nurses mostly used the CINAHL and PubMed databases to search for answers related to the areas in focus. The keywords the participants used differed between the individuals and were applied more frequently than MESH terms. In addition, the critical evaluation of articles of scientific value that were found was not optimal. The study demonstrated that most of the participants were unable to complete all the required tasks. With regard to the initial questions, all 16 participants provided answers, while only eight student nurses completed the final questions. Conclusions: The specialist student nurses in this study used the databases Chinal and PubMed to find scientific knowledge with the help of MESH-terms and keywords. Further research is needed to understand how education of the specialist student nurses should be carried out, in order to optimise their search strategies and critical evaluation of scientific articles. PMID:22582108

Madsen-Rihlert, Cathrin; Nilsson, Kerstin; Stomber, Margareta Warrèn

2012-01-01

421

How publics respond to crisis communication strategies: The interplay of information form and source  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through an experiment with 162 college students this study empirically evaluates an emerging communication model: the social-mediated crisis communication model (SMCC). As part of a series of studies testing the SMCC model, this study focuses on two of the SMCC model's components: the effects of crisis information form (traditional media, social media, and word-of-mouth) and source (third party and organization)

Brooke Fisher Liu; Lucinda Austin; Yan Jin

2011-01-01

422

Selective attention to pitch amid conflicting auditory information: context-coding and filtering strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

An auditory Eriksen-flanker task was used to study how conflicting information interferes with selective attention to task-relevant\\u000a differences in pure-tone frequency. Across the observation intervals of the discrimination task, the relevant frequency differences between target tones were positive,\\u000a but within an observation interval, they could appear to be small or negative relative to conflicting differences in flanker tones leading\\u000a or

Blas Espinoza-Varas; Hyunsook Jang

2011-01-01

423

Municipal Emergency Management System: a strategy towards information and managing resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Azores archipelago is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, on a complex geological setting where the North American, Eurasian and African plates meet. Throughout its history the geological and meteorological hazards have been the most significant and had cause thousands of deaths and extensive damages. To prepare and mitigate the impact of catastrophic events there are emergency plans to guide the authorities and to instruct the population. However, a key point on the effectiveness of any emergency plan is the efficiency on getting the relevant information from the existing plans and conveying quality information to the operational teams and to the population. To address this issue the Municipal Emergency Management System was designed as a modular software with a core database and two different applications; one back-office to input and manage data and one front-end to query the database. The database is installed in a server and the system runs over an Intranet or the Internet, allowing its management and query to be done anywhere. The information on the system comprises two sets of data: (a) static data, regarding guidelines from the official Municipal Emergency Plan and a broad characterization of the county that does not need to be updated frequently (geography, geomorphology, climatology and the main hazards to consider) and (b) dynamic information, concerning data that requires regular updating such as available resources, administrative officials, pertinent private organisations etc.. All dynamic data in the core database is organised in three layers: (1) administrative organisations with geographical expression (such as province or district), (2) entities with capability to provide aid on provisions, accommodations, health, infrastructures, construction, transportation and security (public services, non-governmental organisations, enterprises or individual persons) and (3) operative information (applicable laws, tasks of each operative structure of the emergency plan) All entities are indexed to a geographic region, corresponding to an administrative organisation, and all the resources available on the county are indexed to an entity and ultimately to one identified person. The back-office operations are performed through a web browser. In order to ensure the quality of the data, the system requires the operator to register with a valid login and keeps a record of every operation performed by each registered user. The frontend also runs over a web browser and is the key vector towards an efficient communication with the operative teams and the general public. Its menu structure was designed to provide direct answers to the main questions raised on emergency situations, such as where dislodged population will be accommodate? How to transport them? How to provide provisions? Who has the provisions? How to contact the pertinent persons? The front-end, however, has two distinct access levels. The general public access level allows browsing through the structure of the emergency plan the identification of the public officials involved in the plan and their respective roles, and to get logistic information regarding meeting points, resources available, etc... The unlimited access is restricted to authorized personnel with a valid login and grants the access to report forms to be used during the emergency situations as well as information considered confidential such as providers of the available resources and their contacts. The outcome of the Municipal Emergency Management System is a light structure, accessible from anywhere and managed at municipal level, but with the potential to develop a network of emergency management nodes that can work cooperatively since each county can provide the surrounding counties with access to its database.

Pacheco, J.

2009-04-01

424

Adaptive mesh refinement algorithm development and dissemination  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project objective was to develop and disseminate adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) algorithms for structured and unstructured meshes. Development of ARM algorithms will continue along several directions. These directions include algorithms for parallel architectures, techniques for the solution of partial differential equations on adaptive meshes, mesh generation, and algorithms for nontraditional or generic applications of AMR. Dissemination of AMR algorithms is also a goal of the project. AMR algorithms are perceived as difficult to meld to current algorithms. The authors are developing tools that diminish this perception and allow more computational scientists to use AMR within their own work.

Saltzman, J.S.; Brown, D.L.; Brislawn, K.D.; Chesshire, G.S.; Quinlan, D.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Berger, M. [New York Univ., NY (United States)

1997-08-01

425

Multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis presenting as alternating hemiplegia.  

PubMed Central

Two cases of alternating hemiparesis are reported, one in a black Sudanese woman, the other in a Saudi man, who had two episodes of alternating hemiparesis separated in time by six and three years respectively. Based on the typical appearance of the MRI and the results of brain biopsy, the diagnosis of multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis was made rather than that of multiple sclerosis. This entity is also differentiated from recurrent disseminated encephalomyelitis, where the relapses are symptomatically stereotyped although the appearance of the MRI is similar and in which new lesions do not occur. Because of the unusual appearance of these MRI lesions, brain biopsy is often performed but recognising their relevance should obviate that need. Images PMID:7738557

Khan, S; Yaqub, B A; Poser, C M; al Deeb, S M; Bohlega, S

1995-01-01

426

Three cases of severely disseminated Staphylococcus aureus infection in patients treated with tocilizumab  

PubMed Central

We report three cases of severe disseminated Staphylococcus aureus infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with tocilizumab. Tocilizumab is a new drug, unknown to most internists, and injections given weeks before admission may not be considered by the patient as part of their ‘current medical treatment’, and the physician may not be aware that the patient is severely immunosuppressed. Severe infections in RA patients treated with tocilizumab may present with mild symptoms despite severe and disseminated infection and, as these patients are severely immunodeficient-intensive diagnostic work-up and early treatment should be performed. Systematic postmarketing studies are needed to clarify if there is a true increased risk of disseminated S aureus infections. We suggest caution when prescribing tocilizumab to patients with prosthetic joints and/or prior invasive S aureus infections and that patients are taught to inform health staff about their medication history and their increased risk of infection. PMID:23283607

Nguyen, Mai TT; Pødenphant, Jan; Ravn, Pernille

2013-01-01

427

A spatially informative optic flow model of bee colony with saccadic flight strategy for global optimization.  

PubMed

This paper presents a novel search metaheuristic inspired from the physical interpretation of the optic flow of information in honeybees about the spatial surroundings that help them orient themselves and navigate through search space while foraging. The interpreted behavior combined with the minimal foraging is simulated by the artificial bee colony algorithm to develop a robust search technique that exhibits elevated performance in multidimensional objective space. Through detailed experimental study and rigorous analysis, we highlight the statistical superiority enjoyed by our algorithm over a wide variety of functions as compared to some highly competitive state-of-the-art methods. PMID:25222729

Das, Swagatam; Biswas, Subhodip; Panigrahi, Bijaya K; Kundu, Souvik; Basu, Debabrota

2014-10-01

428

Disseminating a Successful Dietary Intervention to Faith Communities: Feasibility of Using Staff Contact and Encouragement to Increase Uptake  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To test the feasibility of a dissemination strategy to increase faith communities' (FCs) adoption and implementation of a tested dietary intervention. Design: The study was a randomized, controlled trial that took place over a 9-month period. Setting: Seattle, Washington, metropolitan area. Participants: Seven FCs assigned to an…

Hannon, Peggy A.; Bowen, Deborah J.; Christensen, Catherine L.; Kuniyuki, Alan

2008-01-01

429

Disseminated cryptococcosis presenting with generalized lymphadenopathy  

PubMed Central

Cryptococcosis is a common opportunistic infection among immunocompromised individuals. Some of the commonly affected sites are respiratory and central nervous system. Lymph node is an unusual site of involvement which could mimic tuberculosis, as seen in our case. We report a 32-year-old male immunocompromised patient presenting with generalized lymphadenopathy who was clinically suspected to have tuberculous lymphadenitis. He was diagnosed to have disseminated cryptococcosis on fine needle aspiration cytology and fungal isolation on culture. PMID:23112464

Philip, Kandathil Joseph; Kaur, Rupinder; Sangeetha, Mohan; Masih, Kanwal; Singh, Navjot; Mani, Anna

2012-01-01

430

Collaborative Vehicular Content Dissemination with Directional Antennas  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the performance of collaborative vehicular content dissemination, where the content is distributed within the network by vehicle-to-vehicle opportunistic communications and the vehicle nodes are equipped with directional antennas. Through analysing a large real-world vehicle trace, we adopt an accurate mobility model of Levy-walk to set up the realistic vehicular network simulation environment. Using a fluid approximation, we derive

Yong Li; Zhaocheng Wang; Depeng Jin; Lieguang Zeng; Sheng Chen

2012-01-01

431

Time dissemination in the Hydro Quebec network  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ever increasing complexity of electrical networks combined with the increasing cost of power losses during a network failure has led public utilities to become equipped with more powerful and precise tools for pinpointing the causes of such a fault. Hydro Quebec has developed and is now using a time dissemination system which uses a modified IRIG B code transmitted on its own telecommunication network. The reasons for using such a system and the way it was carried out are discrete.

Missout, G.; Lefrancois, W.; Laroche, L.

1979-01-01

432

Ancient clam gardens increased shellfish production: adaptive strategies from the past can inform food security today.  

PubMed

Maintaining food production while sustaining productive ecosystems is among the central challenges of our time, yet, it has been for millennia. Ancient clam gardens, intertidal rock-walled terraces constructed by humans during the late Holocene, are thought to have improved the growing conditions for clams. We tested this hypothesis by comparing the beach slope, intertidal height, and biomass and density of bivalves at replicate clam garden and non-walled clam beaches in British Columbia, Canada. We also quantified the variation in growth and survival rates of littleneck clams (Leukoma staminea) we experimentally transplanted across these two beach types. We found that clam gardens had significantly shallower slopes than non-walled beaches and greater densities of L. staminea and Saxidomus giganteus, particularly at smaller size classes. Overall, clam gardens contained 4 times as many butter clams and over twice as many littleneck clams relative to non-walled beaches. As predicted, this relationship varied as a function of intertidal height, whereby clam density and biomass tended to be greater in clam gardens compared to non-walled beaches at relatively higher intertidal heights. Transplanted juvenile L. staminea grew 1.7 times faster and smaller size classes were more likely to survive in clam gardens than non-walled beaches, specifically at the top and bottom of beaches. Consequently, we provide strong evidence that ancient clam gardens likely increased clam productivity by altering the slope of soft-sediment beaches, expanding optimal intertidal clam habitat, thereby enhancing growing conditions for clams. These results reveal how ancient shellfish aquaculture practices may have supported food security strategies in the past and provide insight into tools for the conservation, management, and governance of intertidal seascapes today. PMID:24618748

Groesbeck, Amy S; Rowell, Kirsten; Lepofsky, Dana; Salomon, Anne K

2014-01-01

433

Ancient Clam Gardens Increased Shellfish Production: Adaptive Strategies from the Past Can Inform Food Security Today  

PubMed Central

Maintaining food production while sustaining productive ecosystems is among the central challenges of our time, yet, it has been for millennia. Ancient clam gardens, intertidal rock-walled terraces constructed by humans during the late Holocene, are thought to have improved the growing conditions for clams. We tested this hypothesis by comparing the beach slope, intertidal height, and biomass and density of bivalves at replicate clam garden and non-walled clam beaches in British Columbia, Canada. We also quantified the variation in growth and survival rates of littleneck clams (Leukoma staminea) we experimentally transplanted across these two beach types. We found that clam gardens had significantly shallower slopes than non-walled beaches and greater densities of L. staminea and Saxidomus giganteus, particularly at smaller size classes. Overall, clam gardens contained 4 times as many butter clams and over twice as many littleneck clams relative to non-walled beaches. As predicted, this relationship varied as a function of intertidal height, whereby clam density and biomass tended to be greater in clam gardens compared to non-walled beaches at relatively higher intertidal heights. Transplanted juvenile L. staminea grew 1.7 times faster and smaller size classes were more likely to survive in clam gardens than non-walled beaches, specifically at the top and bottom of beaches. Consequently, we provide strong evidence that ancient clam gardens likely increased clam productivity by altering the slope of soft-sediment beaches, expanding optimal intertidal clam habitat, thereby enhancing growing conditions for clams. These results reveal how ancient shellfish aquaculture practices may have supported food security strategies in the past and provide insight into tools for the conservation, management, and governance of intertidal seascapes today. PMID:24618748

Groesbeck, Amy S.; Rowell, Kirsten; Lepofsky, Dana; Salomon, Anne K.

2014-01-01

434

Educating the Next Generation of Geoscientists: Strategies for Formal and Informal Settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ENGAGE, Educating the Next Generation of Geoscientists, is an effort funded by the National Science Foundation to provide academic opportunities for members of underrepresented groups to learn geology in formal and informal settings through collaboration with other universities and science organizations. The program design tests the hypothesis that developing a culture of on-going dialogue around science issues through special guest lectures and workshops, creating opportunities for mentorship through informal lunches, incorporating experiential learning in the field into the geoscience curriculum in lower division courses, partnership-building through the provision of paid summer internships and research opportunities, enabling students to participate in professional conferences, and engaging family members in science education through family science nights and special presentations, will remove the academic, social and economic obstacles that have traditionally hindered members of underrepresented groups from participation in the geosciences and will result in an increase in geoscience literacy and enrollment. Student feedback and anecdotal evidence indicate an increased interest in geology as a course of study and increased awareness of the relevance of geology everyday life. Preliminary statistics from two years of program implementation indicate increased student comprehension of Earth science concepts and ability to use data to identify trends in the natural environment.

Burrell, S.

2013-12-01

435

Dissemination: Bringing Translational Research to Completion  

PubMed Central

Despite the availability of innovative health care research, a gap exists between research-generated knowledge and the utilization of that knowledge in real-world practice settings. This article examines the transition from research to implementation in the context of the dissemination of A. Jean Ayres’ sensory integration procedures and of the challenges currently facing the University of Southern California Well Elderly Studies research team. Drawing from the emerging field of implementation science, this article discusses how researchers can develop an implementation plan to more easily translate evidence into practice. Such plans should address the intervention’s reach (i.e., its capacity to penetrate into the intended target population), the settings for which it is applicable, the leaders who will encourage practitioner uptake, stakeholder groups, and challenges to dissemination. By taking action to ensure the more effective dissemination of research-generated knowledge, researchers can increase the likelihood that their interventions will lead to improvements in practice and more effective care for consumers. PMID:23433273

Park, Daniel J.; Burke, Janice P.

2013-01-01

436

Disseminated aspergillosis in two dogs in Israel.  

PubMed

Aspergillus terreus, normally a soil or plant saprophyte, causes disseminated systemic infection, involving primarily the skeletal and the cardiopulmonary system in humans and dogs.(1, 2) We describe two cases of German shepherd dogs that were referred to Koret School of Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital with a history of anorexia and weakness. Case 1 suffered from neurological deficits, paraparesis and lumbar pain whereas case 2 suffered from unilateral uveitis and exophthalmus. Both dogs were treated symptomatically, but deteriorated progressively despite therapy and were therefore euthanised. Necropsy revealed disseminated aspergillosis, and numerous organs had multiple, miliary, white-yellow foci. Microscopically, these were identified as granulomas, containing fungal hyphae. Affected tissue included brain, heart, kidneys, spleen, lymph nodes and bones (case 2). Aspergillus terreus was isolated from different organs and from urine culture. We suggest that disseminated aspergillosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis in German shepherd dogs presenting with ocular disease, neurological deficits, spinal column pain, urinary system disorders, and radiographic evidence of skeletal and/or respiratory pathology. PMID:16466447

Bruchim, Y; Elad, D; Klainbart, S

2006-03-01

437

Dissemination: bringing translational research to completion.  

PubMed

Despite the availability of innovative health care research, a gap exists between research-generated knowledge and the utilization of that knowledge in real-world practice settings. This article examines the transition from research to implementation in the context of the dissemination of A. Jean Ayres' sensory integration procedures and of the challenges currently facing the University of Southern California Well Elderly Studies research team. Drawing from the emerging field of implementation science, this article discusses how researchers can develop an implementation plan to more easily translate evidence into practice. Such plans should address the intervention's reach (i.e., its capacity to penetrate into the intended target population), the settings for which it is applicable, the leaders who will encourage practitioner uptake, stakeholder groups, and challenges to dissemination. By taking action to ensure the more effective dissemination of research-generated knowledge, researchers can increase the likelihood that their interventions will lead to improvements in practice and more effective care for consumers. PMID:23433273

Clark, Florence; Park, Daniel J; Burke, Janice P

2013-01-01

438

Disseminating research in rural Yup'ik communities: challenges and ethical considerations in moving from discovery to intervention development  

PubMed Central

Background The native people of Alaska have experienced historical trauma and rapid changes in culture and lifestyle patterns. As a consequence, these populations shoulder a disproportionately high burden of psychological stress. The Yup'ik Experiences of Stress and Coping project originated from rural Yup'ik communities’ concerns about stress and its effects on health. It aimed to understand the stressful experiences that affect Yup'ik communities, to identify coping strategies used to deal with these stressors and to inform culturally responsive interventions. Objectives Here, we examine the process of moving from research (gaining understanding) to disseminating project findings to translation into intervention priorities. We highlight the importance of community participation and discuss challenges encountered, strategies to address these challenges and ethical considerations for responsible intervention research with indigenous communities that reflect their unique historical and current socio-cultural realities. Design Community-wide presentations and discussions of research findings on stress and coping were followed by smaller Community Planning Group meetings. During these meetings, community members contextualized project findings and discussed implications for interventions. This process placed priority on community expertise in interpreting findings and translating results and community priorities into grant applications focused on intervention development and evaluation. Results Challenges included translation between English and Yup'ik, funding limitations and uncertainties, and the long timelines involved in moving from formative research to intervention in the face of urgent and evolving community needs. The lack of congruence between institutional and community worldviews in the intervention research enterprise highlights the need for “principled cultural sensitivity”. Conclusions Cultural sensitivity requires sharing results that have practical value, communicating openly, planning for sustainability and incorporating indigenous knowledge and expertise through a community-guided process. Our research findings will inform continued work within our partnership as we co-develop culturally based strategies for multilevel community interventions to address stress. PMID:23984272

Rivkin, Inna; Trimble, Joseph; Lopez, Ellen D. S.; Johnson, Samuel; Orr, Eliza; Allen, James

2013-01-01

439

Itinerant vending of medicines inside buses in Nigeria: vending strategies, dominant themes and medicine-related information provided  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine vending strategies and marketing themes employed by itinerant bus vendors, and assess the accuracy and completeness of information provided on medicines being sold in an urban setting in Nigeria. Methods Cross-sectional study and content analysis of itinerant vending of medicines inside buses recorded with a mobile telephone on purposively selected routes in a mega city with an estimated 18 million residents in southwestern Nigeria over a 2-month period. Two coders independently assessed 192 vending episodes by 56 vendors for 147 OTC and prescription medicines. Inter-rater reliability (Gwet AC1 =0.924; p<0.0001). Results Fourteen thousands and four hundred potential consumers encountered 192 recorded episodes of vending of medicines inside 192 buses within the study periods. Forty-four (78•5%) of the 56 vendors were females in the 30-45 years age bracket, were mostly (75%) attired in the local ‘Iro and Buba’ Ankara fabric and showed laminated identity cards (97.5%) issued by the local association for ‘marketers’ of medicines inside buses, markets, and motor parks. Of the 14400 consumers encountered inside buses during the study period, between 6.7% and 48.3% purchased the medicines promoted. Prayers against death from road traffic accidents and diseases of physical and / or meta-physical origins were the most frequently used (76•8%) ice-breaking opening statement / strategy to gain consumers’ attention. Hematinics, multi-vitamins, simple analgesic, NSAIDs and corticosteroids were the most frequently vended medicines. Consumers’ enquiries were related to dosing for children (51.8%), elderly (28.6%), and pregnancy (52.7%); and contra-indications during pregnancy (8.9%). Factual medicines information such as dose, frequency, potential side effects and contra-indications were not provided in majority of vending episodes. Conclusions Itinerant vending of medicines and the use of misleading and melodramatic themes to secure high consumer patronage appear considerable in Nigeria. Majority of the vendors did not correctly respond to consumers medicine-related enquiries, or provide detailed factual medicines information to guide appropriate use. These misleading promotional activities could potentially encourage inappropriate purchase and probable self-medication by consumers. PMID:24367466

Yusuff, Kazeem B.; Wassi Sanni, Abd’

440

Information technology and decision support tools for stakeholder-driven river basin salinity management  

SciTech Connect

Innovative strategies for effective basin-scale salinity management have been developed in the Hunter River Basin of Australia and more recently in the San Joaquin River Basin of California. In both instances web-based stakeholder information dissemination has been a key to achieving a high level of stakeholder involvement and the formulation of effective decision support salinity management tools. A common element to implementation of salinity management strategies in both river basins has been the concept of river assimilative capacity for controlling export salt loading and the potential for trading of the right to discharge salt load to the river - the Hunter River in Australia and the San Joaquin River in California. Both rivers provide basin drainage and the means of exporting salt to the ocean. The paper compares and contrasts the use of monitoring, modeling and information dissemination in the two basins to achieve environmental compliance and sustain irrigated agriculture in an equitable and socially and politically acceptable manner.

Quinn, N.W.T; Cozad, D.B.; Lee, G.

2010-01-01

441

An assessment of HIV testing in Tanzania to inform future strategies and interventions.  

PubMed

This study identified characteristics of Tanzanians who have never tested for HIV in order to inform localized interventions to increase HIV testing coverage and uptake. A total of 3257 randomly selected participants aged 18-49 years were surveyed in 16 Mainland regions. Those surveyed were asked about demographics, HIV risk perception, HIV testing behavior, knowledge of both their own and partner's HIV status, and if they were tested with their partner. Approximately 22% of women and 46% of men reported never testing for HIV, with those who are younger (18-24 years), single/never married, living in rural areas, less educated, and having multiple sexual partners in the past year less likely to have tested. The gender differences in HIV testing behavior identified are supported by existing research. No association was found in either gender between HIV risk perception and testing, however, those least likely to test were those with multiple sex partners. These findings can help better target localized interventions focused on younger, single people, and those with multiple sex partners. PMID:25298107

Kaufman, Michelle R; Massey, Meredith; Tsang, Samantha W; Kamala, Benjamin; Serlemitsos, Elizabeth; Lyles, Emily; Kong, Xiangrong

2015-02-01

442

Mechanisms of disseminated cancer cell dormancy: an awakening field  

PubMed Central

Metastases arise from residual disseminated tumour cells (DTCs). This can happen years after primary tumour treatment because residual tumour cells can enter dormancy and evade therapies. As the biology of minimal residual disease seems to diverge from that of proliferative lesions, understanding the underpinnings of this new cancer biology is key to prevent metastasis. Analysis of approximately 7 years of literature reveals a growing focus on tumour and normal stem cell quiescence, extracellular and stromal microenvironments, autophagy and epigenetics as mechanisms that dictate tumour cell dormancy. In this Review, we attempt to integrate this information and highlight both the weaknesses and the strengths in the field to provide a framework to understand and target this crucial step in cancer progression. PMID:25118602

Sosa, María Soledad; Bragado, Paloma; Aguirre-Ghiso, Julio A.

2014-01-01

443

Nocardiosis dissemination following transthoracic needle biopsy: two case reports.  

PubMed

Pulmonary nocardiosis is a rare respiratory infection whose diagnosis can easily be missed because there are no suggestive symptoms. Nocardiosis is typically regarded as an opportunistic infection, but one-third of infected patients are immunocompetent. We present two situations of pulmonary lesions in immunocompetent people. A CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy was performed in both cases but was not informative. Suppurative inflammation had developed as a complication of the procedure in the biopsy site after 1-2 weeks. Pus was aspirated and culture showed Nocardia spp. Therefore we hypothesize that the pulmonary lesion was caused initially by Nocardia which had subsequently disseminated to the chest wall after the biopsy. Treatment with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was undertaken. Resolution of the disease was evaluated according to the clinical symptoms and radiological resolution after 6 months therapy. PMID:20610935

Forner, Gabriella; Mengoli, Carlo; Fuser, Rodolfo; Scotton, Pier Giorgio

2010-06-01

444

Refraining from intrusive thoughts is strategy dependent: a comment on Sugiura, et al. And a preliminary informal test of detached mindfulness, acceptance, and other strategies.  

PubMed

The control of cognition is fundamental to psychological well being. One dimension recently explored by Sugiura, Sugiura and Tanno (2013) is the perceived ability to refrain from catastrophic thinking-a construct that could be a marker of several factors. The current paper recommends deeper consideration in terms of metacognitive theory and exemplifies this by testing the effect of a strategy that focuses on abstaining from processes (detached mindfulness) vs. transforming content (acceptance, brief exposure). Fifty-six participants (M age = 21.5 yr., range = 18-42) were randomly assigned to detached mindfulness, acceptance, exposure, or a control group before watching a stressful film that induced intrusive images. Afterwards, they engaged in their respective strategies for 5 min. and the frequency of intrusive images was rated. Detached mindfulness was the only manipulation that was associated with a statistically significant lower frequency of intrusions than the control condition. It is argued that assessment of perceived skills to refrain from thinking should be conceptualized within a metacognitive framework that distinguish process- and content-oriented strategies and address the question: When is a strategy a true refrain? PMID:25243365

Wells, Adrian; Roussis, Panagiotis

2014-10-01

445

The impact of authorities’ media and rumor dissemination on the evolution of emergency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rumor dissemination will induce emergencies. Authorities' information is an essential factor for avoiding rumor dissemination when emergencies occur. The credibility of authorities' media and audience rating of authorities' information greatly influence the evolution of emergencies which are induced by rumor dissemination. To explore the interplay mechanism among authorities' media, rumor dissemination and the evolution of emergency, we propose a new interplay model and perform stability analysis by the Routh stability criterion. We find a stability condition under which the deterioration of emergency can be effectively prevented. Recommendations for policy makers and consulting advice for related commissions are explored in the case study of the iodized sail shortage panic in China. Results show that applying media with high audience rating but low credibility will cause widespread panic and inspire a slew of ancillary rumors. Authorities should choose proper media to release the truth to public according to the seriousness of the situation and the rumor spreading rate. Pertinent countermeasures and appropriate tactics are also brought out for decision makers to alleviate intense feelings of panic.

Zhao, Laijun; Wang, Qin; Cheng, Jingjing; Zhang, Ding; Ma, Ting; Chen, Yucheng; Wang, Jiajia

2012-08-01

446

A realist review of interventions and strategies to promote evidence-informed healthcare: a focus on change agency  

PubMed Central

Background Change agency in its various forms is one intervention aimed at improving the effectiveness of the uptake of evidence. Facilitators, knowledge brokers and opinion leaders are examples of change agency strategies used to promote knowledge utilization. This review adopts a realist approach and addresses the following question: What change agency characteristics work, for whom do they work, in what circumstances and why? Methods The literature reviewed spanned the period 1997-2007. Change agency was operationalized as roles that are aimed at effecting successful change in individuals and organizations. A theoretical framework, developed through stakeholder consultation formed the basis for a search for relevant literature. Team members, working in sub groups, independently themed the data and developed chains of inference to form a series of hypotheses regarding change agency and the role of change agency in knowledge use. Results 24, 478 electronic references were initially returned from search strategies. Preliminary screening of the article titles reduced the list of potentially relevant papers to 196. A review of full document versions of potentially relevant papers resulted in a final list of 52 papers. The findings add to the knowledge of change agency as they raise issues pertaining to how change agents’ function, how individual change agent characteristics effect evidence-informed health care, the influence of interaction between the change agent and the setting and the overall effect of change agency on knowledge utilization. Particular issues are raised such as how accessibility of the change agent, their cultural compatibility and their attitude mediate overall effectiveness. Findings also indicate the importance of promoting reflection on practice and role modeling. The findings of this study are limited by the complexity and diversity of the change agency literature, poor indexing of literature and a lack of theory-driven approaches. Conclusion This is the first realist review of change agency. Though effectiveness evidence is weak, change agent roles are evolving, as is the literature, which requires more detailed description of interventions, outcomes measures, the context, intensity, and levels at which interventions are implemented in order to understand how change agent interventions effect evidence-informed health care. PMID:24010732

2013-01-01

447

Designing a theory-informed, contextually appropriate intervention strategy to improve delivery of paediatric services in Kenyan hospitals  

PubMed Central

Background District hospital services in Kenya and many low-income countries should deliver proven, effective interventions that could substantially reduce child and newborn mortality. However such services are often of poor quality. Researchers have therefore been challenged to identify intervention strategies that go beyond addressing knowledge, skill, or resource inadequacies to support health systems to deliver better services at scale. An effort to develop a system-oriented intervention tailored to local needs and context and drawing on theory is described. Methods An intervention was designed to improve district hospital services for children based on four main strategies: a reflective process to distill root causes for the observed problems with service delivery; developing a set of possible intervention approaches to address these problems; a search of literature for theory that provided the most appropriate basis for intervention design; and repeatedly moving backwards and forwards between identified causes, proposed interventions, identified theory, and knowledge of the existing context to develop an overarching intervention that seemed feasible and likely to be acceptable and potentially sustainable. Results and discussion In addition to human and resource constraints key problems included failures of relevant professionals to take responsibility for or ownership of the challenge of pediatric service delivery; inadequately prepared, poorly supported leaders of service units (mid-level managers) who are often professionally and geographically isolated and an almost complete lack of useful information for routinely monitoring or understanding service delivery practice or outcomes. A system-oriented intervention recognizing the pivotal role of leaders of service units but addressing the outer and inner setting of hospitals was designed to help shape and support an appropriate role for these professionals. It aims to foster a sense of ownership while providing the necessary understanding, knowledge, and skills for mid-level managers to work effectively with senior managers and frontline staff to improve services. The intervention will include development of an information system, feedback mechanisms, and discussion fora that promote positive change. The vehicle for such an intervention is a collaborative network partnering government and national professional associations. This case is presented to promote discussion on approaches to developing context appropriate interventions particularly in international health. PMID:23537192

2013-01-01

448

A passive submicrosecond time dissemination system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A submicrosecond time dissemination system was developed. The system is composed of an experimental transit improvement satellite (TRIAD), TRANET Satellite Tracking System, and special satellite signal receivers each tied to separate cesium clocks. The 400 MHz signal from the satellite is phase modulated plus or minus 45 deg by a pseudo-random noise (PRN) digital code with a bit rate of 5/3 MHz. Evaluation of this system has shown that satellite oscillator frequency instabilities are the major source of error. Experiments indicate that Global time transfers can be made with errors less than 100 nanoseconds.

Taylor, R. J.

1974-01-01

449

EUMETCast: The Meteorological Data Dissemination Service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EUMETCast is EUMETSAT's broadcast system for environmental data. It utilises telecommunications satellites and the services of telecommunication providers to distribute data files using Digital Video Broadcast (DVB) standards to a wide audience located within the combined geographical coverage zones of the individual telecommunication satellites used to transmit the data. The telecommunication zones are now covering Europe, Africa, South America and parts of Asia and North America. This service has been established to provide the meteorological communities with satellite data and other meteorological products in near real-time for operational, but also research, education and training purposes. The following EUMETSAT services are currently available via EUMETCast: - Second Generation Meteosat - High Rate SEVIRI Image Data (every 15 minutes) - First Generation Meteosat - Indian Ocean Data Coverage (IODC) (every 30 minutes) - Other Geostationary Data from NOAA (GOES E/W) and JMA (MTSAT), (every 3 hours) - Data Collection and Retransmission (DCP) and Meteorological Data Dissemination (MDD) - Basic Meteorological Data (BMD) (Ku-band Europe only) - Meteorological Products (including some Satellite Application Facility products) - EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service (EARS) (Ku-band Europe only) - DWDSAT (Ku-band Europe only) - VEGETATION data (C-band Africa only) Progressively during 2006 users will find an increasing amount of polar satellite data and products available on EUMETCast. As part of the extension of the EUMETCast Advanced Retransmission Service (EARS), ERS scatterometer data and NOAA satellite AVHRR data have already been introduced in early 2006. The ERS- SCAT demonstration service is a forerunner for the future pilot EARS-ASCAT service and the pilot EARS- AVHRR service will continue to expand during 2006 with the inclusion of data from additional AVHRR stations in the EARS network. The EUMETCast System will be also be used to provide dissemination of EPS (EUMETSAT Polar System) global products in Ku-band, for a European audience. The EUMETCast South America service commenced dissemination trials on 1 January 2006 with the formal start of service on 1 April 2006. The service comprising of MSG SEVIRI High Rate Image data disseminated every 15 minutes, will ensure continuity in the provision of Meteosat data to this region when the first generation Meteosat services from 0o will terminate. EUMETSAT Data Policy principles apply to some of the above services. Access to DWDSAT is in accordance with the data policy of Deutscher Wetterdienst.

Gaertner, V. K.; Koenig, M.

2006-05-01

450

Diencephalic juvenile pilomyxoid astrocytoma with leptomeningeal dissemination.  

PubMed

Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) is a recently described neoplasm. PMA shares few features with pilocytic astrocytoma (PA), the most common central nervous system (CNS) tumor in the pediatric population, yet displays histological differences. Previous studies have shown that PMAs have more aggressive biological behavior as compared to PA. These findings suggest that PMA may be a unique and distinct neoplasm. We report a pilomyxoid astrocytoma of the hypothalamic-chiasmatic region with leptomeningeal dissemination in a 3-month old infant. This case report discusses the histological, clinical, and radiographic characteristics of PMA. In addition, the current treatment options and research potential involving this disease are also briefly described. PMID:21534206

Mahore, Amit; Kammar, Avinash; Dange, Nitin; Epari, Sridhar; Goel, Atul

2011-01-01

451

Strategies for enhancing information, motivation, and skills for self-management behavior changes: a qualitative study of diabetes care for older adults in Korea  

PubMed Central

Purpose To describe strategies for enhancing information, motivation, and skills related to changes in diabetes self-management behavior among community-dwelling older adults in Korea. Patients and methods A total of five focus group interviews (three separate focus groups) were conducted with 12 older adults with type 2 diabetes and five diabetes educators. Qualitative content analysis was used. Results “One’s own willingness and ability” emerged as a fundamental belief about the strategies for diabetes self-management. Six major themes under three categories were identified. Under the information category, the recurrent themes were: 1) repeatedly offering detailed knowledge regarding self-management, 2) providing information about current health status, and 3) identifying experiential knowledge of blood glucose control. The recurrent themes in the motivation category were: 1) ensuring a positive attitude regarding self-management, and 2) encouragement or feedback from significant others. Furthermore, in the skills category, we found that the following theme emerged: hands-on skills training with numerical standards. Conclusion This study identified six tailored strategies for enhancing information, motivation, and skills for diabetes self-management behavior changes. These strategies can be used in the development of a culturally sensitive diabetes self-management program for older adults. PMID:24627626

Choi, Suyoung; Song, Misoon; Chang, Sun Ju; Kim, Se-an

2014-01-01

452

Food Self-Provisioning in Czechia: Beyond Coping Strategy of the Poor--A Response to Alber and Kohler's "Informal Food Production in the Enlarged European Union" (2008)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Food systems are of increasing interest in both research and policy communities. Surveys of post-socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) show high rates of food self-provisioning. These practices have been explained in terms of being "coping strategies of the poor". Alber and Kohler's "Informal Food Production in the Enlarged…

Jehlicka, Petr; Kostelecky, Tomas; Smith, Joe

2013-01-01

453

Students' Scientific Epistemic Beliefs, Online Evaluative Standards, and Online Searching Strategies for Science Information: The Moderating Role of Cognitive Load Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating role of cognitive load experience between students' scientific epistemic beliefs and information commitments, which refer to online evaluative standards and online searching strategies. A total of 344 science-related major students participated in this study. Three questionnaires were…

Hsieh, Ya-Hui; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

454

Super Searchers Go to the Source: The Interviewing and Hands-On Information Strategies of Top Primary Researchers--Online, on the Phone, and in Person. Super Searchers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents interviews with 12 of the best primary researchers in the business. These research professionals reveal their strategies for integrating online and offline resources, identifying experts, and getting past gatekeepers to obtain information that exists only in someone's head. Topics include how searchers use a combination of…

Sacks, Risa

455

Learning Our Way into Communication: The Making of the Communication and Information Strategy "with" the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the making of the Communication and Information Strategy with the National Agricultural Advisory Services Programme (NAADS) in Uganda. The NAADS is a new organization in government responsible for the implementation of a demand-driven agricultural extension approach. The new extension approach calls for fundamental changes in…

Ramirez, Ricardo

2005-01-01

456

A Study on Information Search and Commitment Strategies on Web Environment and Internet Usage Self-Efficacy Beliefs of University Students'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses university students' information search and commitment strategies on web environment and internet usage self-efficacy beliefs in terms of such variables as gender, department, grade level and frequency of internet use; and whether there is a significant relation between these beliefs. Descriptive method was used in the…

Geçer, Aynur Kolburan

2014-01-01

457

Farmers' information on sweet potato production and millipede infestation in north-eastern Uganda. II. Pest incidence and indigenous control strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lamk) is an important staple food for the people of north-eastern Uganda. Crop yields per unit area are low partly because of biological constraints, including pests like millipedes. The objective of this study was to generate information on pest incidence and control strategies of millipedes by interviewing farmers in different districts. The respondents associated the

E. Ebregt; P. C. Struik; P. E. Abidin; B. Odongo

2004-01-01

458

Organizations disseminating health messages: the roles of organizational identification and HITs.  

PubMed

Research into the dissemination of health information now includes more focus on how various organizations (e.g., beauty shops, schools, workplaces, and churches) and health information technologies (HITs) reach and affect audiences. One relational feature of organizations is identification--the feeling of belongingness. Our study explores how it influences audiences, especially in combination with HITs such as e-mail, websites, and social media. We use social identity theory to predict how organizational identification and social media might function in health communication. Using a 3?×?2 experimental design, we find that people's identification with a message source mediates the effect of social media on outcomes. These findings improve our understanding of when organizations might be most helpful for disseminating health information. PMID:23829343

Stephens, Keri K; Goins, Elizabeth S; Dailey, Stephanie L

2014-01-01

459

Durability, dissemination, and institutionalization of worksite tobacco control programs: results from the Working Well trial.  

PubMed

Durability, dissemination and institutionalization o f tobacco control activities are reported, based on the Working Well worksite cancer control intervention study (n = 83 worksites). Tobacco control activities increased significantly in intervention worksites as a result of research-supported activities but were not sustained 2 years after the conclusion of the intervention. Intervention sites were more likely than control sites to initiate and maintain structures for institutionalizing programs, such as assigning a committee responsibility for health-promotion programs or providing a budget for health-promoting activities. Dissemination of the program to control worksites had little impact on the level of smoking control activities in control worksites. Although program durability was not a primary aim of this intervention study, these analyses provide an important assessment of program maintenance beyond a funded intervention and underscore the need for additional research to identify effective organizational strategies for institutionalization of worksite health-promotion programs. PMID:16250700

Sorensen, G; Thompson, B; Basen-Engquist, K; Abrams, D; Kuniyuki, A; DiClemente, C; Biener, L

1998-01-01

460

Interaction of Angiotensin with Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation  

PubMed Central

Because of the importance of the renin-angiotensin system in renal homeostatic mechanisms, the effect of angiotensin administration upon disseminated intravascular coagulation has been studied in rabbits. An infusion of angiotensin II (0.1 ?g/kg/min for 2 hours) produced neither histologic abnormalities in the kidneys nor an elevation of creatinine. After an infusion of thrombin (2.0 units/kg/min for 2 hours) only 3 of 10 rabbits, when sacrified 24 hours later, showed histologic lesions comprised of occasional fibrin thrombi and foci of tubular necrosis. Creatinine levels did not rise. In contrast, the combination of angiotensin and thrombin resulted in renal lesions in 12 of 14 animals. Four had frank cortical necrosis, while combinations of tubular necrosis, glomerular thrombosis and segmental glomerular infarction occurred in the others, together with elevated creatinine levels. Blockade of ?-adrenoreceptors with phenoxybenzamine in 12 animals did not prevent either these histologic changes or creatinine elevation, showing that the effect of angiotensin was independent of ?-adrenoreceptor stimulation. The synergistic interaction between angiotensin and disseminated intravascular coagulation was not explained by differences in the consumption of plasma fibrinogen but apparently was due to localization of fibrin thrombi within glomerular capillaries by the vasomotor actions of angiotensin, as has previously been shown to occur with ?-adrenoreceptor simulation. Such a mechanism might contribute to renal glomerular deposition of fibrin in acute ischemic renal failure. ImagesFig 2Fig 3Fig 1 PMID:4352549

Whitaker, Alan N.; Bunce, Ian; Nicoll, Peter; Dowling, Susanne V.

1973-01-01

461

Design and Promotion Strategy of Marketing Platform of Aquatic Auction based on Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the online trade and promotion of aquatic products and related materials through the network between supply and demand, the design content and effective promotional strategies of aquatic auctions online marketing platform is proposed in this paper. Design elements involve the location of customer service, the basic function of the platform including the purchase of general orders, online auctions, information dissemination, and recommendation of fine products, human services, and payment preferences. Based on network and mobile e-commerce transaction support, the auction platform makes the transaction of aquatic products well in advance. The results are important practical value for the design and application of online marketing platform of aquatic auction.

Peng, Jianliang

462

Peripartum disseminated extrapulmonary tuberculosis simulating ovarian carcinoma.  

PubMed

Disseminated extrapulmonary tuberculosis is an uncommon complication of pregnancy. We present a 26-year-old multiparous immigrant from Haiti who was admitted following an extramural preterm delivery. Marked ascites was confirmed by computerized tomography, which also revealed a thickened greater omentum. These findings were considered suggestive of advanced ovarian carcinoma, although extrapulmonary tuberculosis was also considered despite negative tuberculin skin test screening. Image-guided omental biopsy demonstrated caseating granulomas substantiating the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis, which was later confirmed by cultures. The patient responded well to antituberculosis medications. This case describes the unusual peripartum presentation of abdominal tuberculosis simulating advanced ovarian carcinoma, and demonstrates the importance of considering extrapulmonary tuberculosis when encountering ascites and omental thickening during pregnancy despite negative tuberculin skin test screening. PMID:16215926

Sherer, David M; Osho, Joseph A; Zinn, Harry; Demetus, Spiro; Huang, Jennifer; Temkin, Sarah; Abulafia, Ovadia

2005-10-01

463

Disseminated visceral coccidiosis in sandhill cranes.  

PubMed

Disseminated visceral coccidiosis (DVC) caused by Eimeria spp was first recognized as a disease entity in captive sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis) and whooping cranes (G americana) at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Because cranes produced at the Center are reintroduced to the wild to augment wild populations, studies involving both experimentally induced and natural infections were initiated to determine the potential or actual occurrence of DVC in wild Gruidae. Nine sandhill cranes dosed orally with eimerian oocysts of wild origin developed lesions characteristic of DVC. Extraintestinal granulomas associated with developing schizonts were found in 6 birds. Similar lesions were observed in wild sandhill cranes throughout parts of midwestern United States, Alaska, and Saskatchewan. These studies revealed the wide geographic distribution and the high frequency of occurrence of DVC in wild cranes. PMID:6511579

Carpenter, J W; Novilla, M N; Fayer, R; Iverson, G C

1984-12-01

464

Dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome causing disseminated intravascular coagulation  

PubMed Central

Dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome is an idiosyncratic reaction to this drug and can present with different clinical manifestations of varying severity. We describe a patient with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) as an adverse reaction to dapsone. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time it has been described in the literature. She presented with fever, rash and abdominal pain; she also had marked eosinophilia and features suggestive of oxidative haemolysis. Her course was complicated by DIC, splenic infarction and gastrointestinal bleeding. Extensive investigations did not reveal any alternative aetiology. She was initially treated with supportive measures and folic acid; steroids were administered later, following clinical deterioration. There was gradual improvement and the steroids were tapered. The patient recovered fully and remains well; her underlying chronic dermatologic condition is under satisfactory control with other medications. PMID:21829418

Figtree, Melanie Clare; Miyakis, Spiros; Tanaka, Kumiko; Martin, Linda; Konecny, Pam; Krilis, Steven

2009-01-01

465

Disseminated intravascular coagulation complicating urothelial malignancy.  

PubMed

Transitional cell carcinoma has rarely been reported to be associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). We report a 55-year-old Chinese man who was diagnosed with transitional cell carcinoma with vertebral metastasis. He presented with severe anaemia and thrombocytopenia, and subsequent evaluation revealed features of DIC. Interestingly, he did not have fever, any localising symptoms or signs of infection. He was treated aggressively with transfusion of packed cells, platelets, intravenous vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. Despite aggressive treatment, the coagulation abnormalities were resistant to correction. The patient continued to deteriorate and eventually died of cardiac arrest. This case illustrates that transitional cell carcinoma can also be associated with DIC, possibly due to the expression of certain unidentified procoagulant factors similar to the tissue factor responsible for DIC. PMID:22941143

Chadachan, Veerendra M; Lee, Siew Khow

2012-08-01

466

Climate indicators for Italy: calculation and dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Italy, meteorological data necessary and useful for climate studies are collected, processed and archived by a wide range of national and regional institutions. As a result, the density of the stations, the length and frequency of the observations, the quality control procedures and the database structure vary from one dataset to another. In order to maximize the use of those data for climate knowledge and climate change assessments, a computerized system for the collection, quality control, calculation, regular update and rapid dissemination of climate indicators was developed. The products publicly available through a dedicated web site are described, as well as an example of climate trends estimates over Italy, based on the application of statistical models on climate indicators from quality-checked and homogenised time series.

Desiato, F.; Fioravanti, G.; Fraschetti, P.; Perconti, W.; Toreti, A.

2011-05-01

467

Intermediate/borderline disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis.  

PubMed

Leishmaniasis is a diverse group of vector-borne diseases caused by a subset of predominantly intracellular protozoal species of the genus Leishmania. Cutaneous disease may be subdivided into localized, intermediate, and diffuse forms. Intermediate cutaneous leishmaniasis is distributed widely in Latin America and is characterized by cutaneous lesions, which may be accompanied by mucosal disease and demonstrate a tendency toward chronicity and relapse as well as resistance to standard treatment regimens. Leishmania parasites of the subgenus Viannia have been identified as the major etiologic agent of this subset of infections. The present review provides a brief perspective on leishmaniasis followed by a review of classification, transmission, clinical presentation, and evolution of disease, immunology, and current treatment approaches for the intermediate/borderline disseminated subset of cutaneous leishmaniasis. PMID:23231577

Paniz Mondolfi, Alberto E; Duffey, Gabrielle Baker; Horton, Lucy E; Tirado, Mariantonieta; Reyes Jaimes, Oscar; Perez-Alvarez, Alexandra; Zerpa, Olga

2013-04-01

468

Disseminated visceral coccidiosis in sandhill cranes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Disseminated visceral coccidiosis (DVC) caused by Eimeria spp was first recognized as a disease entity in captive sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis) and whooping cranes (G americana) at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Because cranes produced at the Center are reintroduced to the wild to augment wild populations, studies involving both experimentally induced and natural infections were initiated to determine the potential or actual occurrence of DVC in wild Gruidae. Nine sandhill cranes dosed orally with eimerian oocysts of wild origin developed lesions characteristic of DVC. Extraintestinal granulomas associated with developing schizonts were found in 6 birds. Similar lesions were observed in wild sandhill cranes throughout parts of midwestern United States, Alaska, and Saskatchewan. These studies revealed the wide geographic distribution and the high frequency of occurrence of DVC in wild cranes.

Carpenter, J.W.; Novilla, M.N.; Fayer, R.; Iverson, G.C.

1984-01-01

469

Neuroborreliosis presenting as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.  

PubMed

We report a case of a 5-year-old boy with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis as the initial presentation of neuroborreliosis. Parents report an upper-airway infection a few days before the development of acute encephalopathy, mild facial palsy, and seizures. The patient needed mechanical ventilation for 10 days, and after extubation, he presented hypotonia, ataxia, dysarthria, as well as weak gag and cough reflexes. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed hyperintense lesions on T2- and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequences on the right subcortical occipital and parietal region, left posterior arm of the internal capsule, and in the medulla oblongata. Borrelia burgdorferi was identified in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid by polymerase chain reaction and in the plasma by Western blotting. He was treated with ceftriaxone, methylprednisolone, and human immunoglobulin. Recovery was partial. PMID:23222106

Rocha, Ruben; Lisboa, Lurdes; Neves, João; García López, Milagros; Santos, Elsa; Ribeiro, Augusto

2012-12-01

470

The Implications of the 4 C's of Supply Chain Network Interaction Strategies for Cost Information Visibility and  

E-print Network

, Charlotte Newton2 1 Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies, The University of Sydney, Newtown Campus and demand has resulted in increasingly complex supply chain interaction strategies across different industries. Since the different interaction strategies are associated with different types of interdependence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

471

Interventions in Organizational and Community Context: A Framework for Building Evidence on Dissemination and Implementation in Health Services Research  

PubMed Central

The effective dissemination and implementation of evidence-based health interventions within community settings is an important cornerstone to expanding the availability of quality health and mental health services. Yet it has proven a challenging task for both research and community stakeholders. This paper presents the current framework developed by the UCLA/RAND NIMH Center to address this research-to-practice gap by: 1) providing a theoretically-grounded understanding of the multi-layered nature of community and healthcare contexts and the mechanisms by which new practices and programs diffuse within these settings; 2) distinguishing among key components of the diffusion process—including contextual factors, adoption, implementation, and sustainment of interventions—showing how evaluation of each is necessary to explain the course of dissemination and outcomes for individual and organizational stakeholders; 3) facilitating the identification of new strategies for adapting, disseminating, and implementing relatively complex, evidence-based healthcare and improvement interventions, particularly using a community-based, participatory approach; and 4) enhancing the ability to meaningfully generalize findings across varied interventions and settings to build an evidence base on successful dissemination and implementation strategies. PMID:17990095

Mendel, Peter; Meredith, Lisa S.; Schoenbaum, Michael; Sherbourne, Cathy D.; Wells, Kenneth B.

2013-01-01

472

Proteomic analysis of three Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato native species and disseminating clones: Relevance for Lyme vaccine design.  

PubMed

Lyme borreliosis is the most important vector-borne disease in the Northern hemisphere. It is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato bacteria transmitted to humans by the bite of hard ticks, Ixodes spp. Although antibiotic treatments are efficient in the early stage of the infection, a significant number of patients develop disseminated manifestations (articular, neurological and cutaneous) due to unnoticed or absence of erythema migrans, or to inappropriate treatment. Vaccine could be an efficient approach to decrease Lyme disease incidence. We have developed a proteomic approach based on a Ge-LC-MS/MS strategy to identify new vaccine candidates. We analyzed a disseminating clone and the associated wild type strain for each major pathogenic Borrelia species: B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii and B. afzelii. We identified specific proteins and common proteins to the disseminating clones of the three main species. In parallel, we used a spectral counting strategy to identify up-regulated proteins common to the clones. Finally, 40 proteins were found that could potentially be involved in bacterial virulence and of interest in the development of a new vaccine. We selected the three proteins specifically detected in the disseminating clones of the three Borrelia species and checked by RT-PCR whether they are expressed in mouse skin upon B. burgdorferi ss inoculation. Interestingly, BB0566 appears as a potential vaccine candidate. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID:25475896

Schnell, Gilles; Boeuf, Amandine; Jaulhac, Benoît; Boulanger, Nathalie; Collin, Elody; Barthel, Cathy; De Martino, Sylvie; Ehret-Sabatier, Laurence

2014-12-01

473

Minimum-energy asynchronous dissemination to mobile sinks in wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data dissemination from sources to sinks is one of the main functions in sensor networks. In this paper, we propose SEAD, a Scalable Energy-efficient Asynchronous Dissemination protocol, to minimize energy consumption in both building the dissemination tree and disseminating data to mobile sinks. SEAD considers the distance and the packet traffic rate among nodes to create near-optimal dissemination trees. The

Hyung Seok Kim; Tarek F. Abdelzaher; Wook Hyun Kwon

2003-01-01

474

Dissemination of Dynamic Data on the Internet Krithi Ramamritham  

E-print Network

in the dissemination of dynamic web data such as stock prices, sports scores or weather data is the maintenance of #12; dynamic data are stock quotes, sports scores and traffic or weather data. Such of kind of dataDissemination of Dynamic Data on the Internet Krithi Ramamritham Pavan Deolasee Amol Katkar Ankur

Ramamritham, Krithi

475

Do Haphazard Reviews Provide Sound Directions for Dissemination Efforts?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on The dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments: A review of current efforts by Kathryn R. McHugh and David H. Barlow. The lead article in the February-March issue by McHugh and Barlow (2010) emphasized the need for "dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments." The…

Gambrill, Eileen; Littell, Julia H.

2010-01-01

476

Task dissemination with multicast deluge in sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new task dissemination scheme called multicast deluge (MDeluge). MDeluge can disseminate tasks into a subset of the sensor network. MDeluge uses a tree which is formed when the source node broadcasts the code version message. The source node keeps the tasks and sends it based on the requests. MDeluge supports newly emerging wireless sensor network architectures with

Behçet Sarikaya; Xiao Zheng

2009-01-01

477

A Dissemination Model for New Technical Education Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technical Education Research Center-SW has conceived, tested, and refined a model for disseminating newly developed programs and materials throughout the nation. The model performed successfully in the dissemination of more than 50,000 educational units (modules) of Laser/Electro-Optics Technician (LEOT) materials during a four-year period…

Hull, Daniel M.

478

UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX Academic Strategy: Teaching and Learning Strategy  

E-print Network

and developments in research that reflects the highest standards of academic integrity; · opportunities over the next five years. This strategy has informed, and been informed by, the University Strategy Making the Future and the Research Strategy. It will inform the development of the Estates, IT, Library

Sussex, University of

479

Hypothesis: Disseminated Intravascular Inflammation as the Inflammatory Counterpart to Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have identified a leukocyte activation syndrome that is occasionally associated with the transfusion of intraoperatively recovered erythrocytes. This syndrome appears to result from intravascular damage caused by leukocytes activated during the erythrocyte salvage process. We hypothesize that this syndrome is part of a larger disease grouping: disseminated intravascular inflammation (DII). DII is the analog of the coagulation disorder disseminated intravascular coagulation. In disseminated intravascular coagulation, the organ damage results from uncontrolled activation of the clotting pathway; in DII the damage is caused by leukocytes that have become activated by direct contact with bacteria or in rare instances-such as erythrocyte salvage-in the absence of bacteria and bacterial products. Recent studies of the hazards associated with intraoperative blood salvage indicate that activation of leukocytes can be achieved by exposure to activated platelets alone. If such activated leukocytes are reinfused along with the washed erythrocytes, widespread organ damage may result. The lung is the organ most severely affected by activated leukocytes. Adult respiratory distress syndrome is one outcome. It is likely that DII is a presently unrecognized pathophysiological process that complicates a variety of primary disease states and increases their lethality.

Bull, Brian S.; Bull, Maureen H.

1994-08-01

480

Online Strategy Games.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A strategy game is an online interactive game that requires thinking in order to be played at its best and whose winning strategy is not obvious. Provides information on strategy games that are written in Java or JavaScript and freely available on the web. (KHR)

Dye, Bryan

2002-01-01

481

Dissemination of Anonymised Context Information by Extending the DCXP Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The increasing ubiquity of context aware services and systems has been primarily underpinned by the use of centralised servers\\u000a employing protocols that do no scale well for real time distribution and acquisition of neither sensor data nor dependent\\u000a services. Any shift from this generic sensor framework mandated a new thinking where sensor data was capable of being propagated\\u000a in real

Stefan Forsström; Victor Kardeby; Jamie Walters; Roger Norling; Theo Kanter

482

Non-Bayesian Social Learning and Information Dissemination  

E-print Network

scenarios there is a true state that can be identified through observations, e.g., climate change". In some scenarios there is a true state that can be identified through observations, e.g., climate change.g., fashion trends, consumption tastes, ... In most cases, there is no underlying "true state". In some

Shapiro, Benjamin

483

Methodologies for Improving Flight Project Information Capture, Storage, and Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will discuss the drawbacks and risks of the current documentation paradigm, how Document QuickStart improves on that process and ultimately how this stream-lined approach will reduce risk and costs to the next generation of Flight Projects at JPL

Equils, Douglas J.

2011-01-01

484

Telecommunications technologies: New approaches to consumer information dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since access to knowledge is a critical source of political and economic power, the new telecommunications technologies pose a challenge to business, government, and the academic community as well as private persons. The individual and social uses of the most recent technological applications in this field are explored in this paper; problems related to the harnessing of these advances to

Mary Gardiner Jones

1981-01-01

485

On-farm biogas systems information dissemination project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to study how farmers manage anaerobic digesters on three New York State dairy farms. Two years of data collected were from both plug-flow and tower-type mixed-flow digesters at regular intervals over a three-year period revealed that the financial return from the energy produced by a biogass system in the late 1980`s is marginal. Little difficulty was experienced in operation of the anaerobic digester; however, several farms utilizing congeneration to convert biogas into electricity and heat suffered from not applying maintenance to the congenerator in a timely fashion.

Campbell, J.K.; Koelsch, R.K.; Guest, R.W.; Fabian, E.

1997-03-01

486

Knowledge-based inference engine for online video dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To facilitate easy access to rich information of multimedia over the Internet, we develop a knowledge-based classification system that supports automatic Indexing and filtering based on semantic concepts for the dissemination of on-line real-time media. Automatic segmentation, annotation and summarization of media for fast information browsing and updating are achieved in the same time. In the proposed system, a real-time scene-change detection proxy performs an initial video structuring process by splitting a video clip into scenes. Motional and visual features are extracted in real time for every detected scene by using online feature extraction proxies. Higher semantics are then derived through a joint use of low-level features along with inference rules in the knowledge base. Inference rules are derived through a supervised learning process based on representative samples. On-line media filtering based on semantic concepts becomes possible by using the proposed video inference engine. Video streams are either blocked or sent to certain channels depending on whether or not the video stream is matched with the user's profile. The proposed system is extensively evaluated by applying the engine to video of basketball games.

Zhou, Wensheng; Kuo, C.-C. Jay

2000-10-01

487

Disseminated malignant ectomesenchymoma (MEM): case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Malignant ectomesenchymoma (MEM) is a rare soft tissue tumor believed to arise from a pluripotent migratory neural crest cell and composed fo both a mesenchymal element and a neuroectodermal element. The authors report the case of an 11-month-old male who presented with a local abdominal MEM and systemic metastases into lungs, liver, bones, and bone marrow. This is the first reported case of an MEM with initial bone marrow dissemination. The tumor consisted of a neuroblastoma component and a mesenchymal component with sarcomatous features. Diagnosis a