Science.gov

Sample records for information dissemination strategies

  1. Disease Containment Strategies based on Mobility and Information Dissemination.

    PubMed

    Lima, A; De Domenico, M; Pejovic, V; Musolesi, M

    2015-01-01

    Human mobility and social structure are at the basis of disease spreading. Disease containment strategies are usually devised from coarse-grained assumptions about human mobility. Cellular networks data, however, provides finer-grained information, not only about how people move, but also about how they communicate. In this paper we analyze the behavior of a large number of individuals in Ivory Coast using cellular network data. We model mobility and communication between individuals by means of an interconnected multiplex structure where each node represents the population in a geographic area (i.e., a sous-préfecture, a third-level administrative region). We present a model that describes how diseases circulate around the country as people move between regions. We extend the model with a concurrent process of relevant information spreading. This process corresponds to people disseminating disease prevention information, e.g., hygiene practices, vaccination campaign notices and other, within their social network. Thus, this process interferes with the epidemic. We then evaluate how restricting the mobility or using preventive information spreading process affects the epidemic. We find that restricting mobility does not delay the occurrence of an endemic state and that an information campaign might be an effective countermeasure. PMID:26035297

  2. Information Dissemination

    Cancer.gov

    The Health Program Extension Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-538) Neither the House nor the Senate made comments regarding information dissemination. The Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-158) Neither the House nor the Senate made comments regarding information dissemination.

  3. Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oo, Htun Naing; Sutheerawatthana, Pitch; Minato, Takayuki

    2010-01-01

    This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among…

  4. Large-Scale Cooperative Dissemination of Governmental Information in Emergency — An Experiment and Future Strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horiba, Katsuhiro; Okawa, Keiko; Murai, Jun

    On the 11th of March, 2011, a massive earthquake hit the northeast region of Japan. The government of Japan needed to publish information regarding the earthquake and its influences. However, their capacity of Web services overflowed. They called the industry and academia for help for providing stable information service to the people. Industry and academia formed a team to answer the call and named themselves the “EQ project”. This paper describes how the EQ Project was organized and operated, and gives analyses of the statistics. An academic organization took the lead in the EQ Project. Ten organizations which consisted of commercial IT industry and academics specialized in Internet technology, were participating in the EQ Project and they structured the three clusters based on their relationships and technological approach. In WIDE Cluster, one of three clusters in the structure of EQ, the peak number of file accesses per day was over 90 thousand, the mobile browsers was 3.4% and foreign languages (translated contents) were referred 35%. We have also discussed the future information distribution strategies in emergency situation based on the experiences of the EQ Project, and proposed nine suggestions to the MEXT as a future strategy.

  5. Gay Emancipation and Information Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schedler, Petra

    1996-01-01

    Written and oral information strategies used by two gay groups in the Netherlands serve three functions: dissemination of information about homosexuality; contact--creation of a public presence; and signification--a broader conception of sexuality and gay emancipation. (SK)

  6. Knowledge Management and Global Information Dissemination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Umunadi, Ejiwoke Kennedy

    2014-01-01

    The paper looked at knowledge management and global information dissemination. Knowledge is a very powerful tool for survival, growth and development. It can be seen as the information, understanding and skills that you gain through education or experience. The paper was addressed under the following sub-headings: Knowledge management knowledge…

  7. Systematically disseminating technological information to potential users

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Russell, J. D.

    1976-01-01

    Rapid technological information dissemination system related to the field of remote sensing is presented. The technology transfer staff systematically designed instructional materials and activities using the matrix as an organizer to meet the need of the students, scientists and users in a rapidly expanding technology.

  8. Probabilistic Flooding for Efficient Information Dissemination in Random Graph

    E-print Network

    Stavrakakis, Ioannis

    Probabilistic Flooding for Efficient Information Dissemination in Random Graph Topologies 1 & Telecommunications, Athens, Greece Abstract Probabilistic flooding has been frequently considered as a suitable) flooding approaches that are used to disseminate globally information in unstructured peer

  9. Selective dissemination and indexing of scientific information.

    PubMed

    Schneider, J H

    1971-07-23

    Selective dissemination of information to individuals provides a new and promising method for keeping abreast of current scientific information. Since SDI services are directed to the information needs of each individual, they are a significant step beyond grouporiented services and products, which require considerable expenditure of effort by each user as he sorts useful information from trash. However, SDI systems do require a high degree of precision in matching scientists against documents. They must operate more efficiently and economically than many current systems which occasionally provide a useful item of information to users. To meet these stringent requirements for quality, precision, efficiency, and economy, more research must be devoted to comparing and improving indexing methods, which are the basic component of all information storage and retrieval systems. It is incredible that so much money has been spent on the development and operation of scientific information systems before basic data on the comparative performance of various indexing methods have been gathered, analyzed, and confirmed by multiple investigators. The design of an effective information system would seem to require this type of basic knowledge, just as basic properties of alternative materials must be known before an engineer can design a building, bridge, or factory. Yet, except for the few studies mentioned in the previous section, research on indexing methods has been greatly neglected. Bourne's comment about studies of indexing languages is still an appropriate description of the situation: "In almost all the experimental reports, the investigator worked with an indexing language different than that of other experimenters. Consequently, no one has ever had his test results verified, or expanded, or made more precise by another experimenter" (47). Most existing information systems are based on keyword indexing, with concepts broken into isolated terms during input operations and recombined to synthesize the original concept during search and retrieval. Such systems tend to involve imprecise indexing, with a high level of "noise" in retrieved documents, difficult search strategy involving extensive post-coordination, and lengthy, complex computer manipulations. This situation reflects the fact that many producers of indexed data originally focused the design of their systems on the production of a published product with entries printed under short, concise index headings. Production of magnetic tapes as a by-product of the publication process, and their use for retrospective searching or for SDI services, was a much later development, almost an afterthought. Yet use of these tapes is growing so rapidly that it may be time to redesign the tape-producing systems, with ease of tape use for SDI services and retrospective searching as the primary consideration, and with publication of abstract and index bulletins or title listings relegated to secondary importance (49). The use of keywords to index documents creates a high degree of disorganization in information search and retrieval operations: Information is scattered under the many different terms that can be used to index different aspects of a concept. If the large-scale, comprehensive abstracting and indexing services were based on enumerative classifications with assignment of documents to logical hierarchical categories at the time of initial indexing, then many of the specialized information centers (50) and the 1300 abstracting and indexing services (3) would be unnecessary, and much of the reindexing and reprocessing of documents, the repackaging and reworking of abstracts and index data, and the resulting overlap and duplication characteristic of current information processing could be terminated. Partly because of the disorganization resulting from keyword indexing, the cost of a 5-year retrospective search of information on just one data base on magnetic tapes is a major investment (16). The effort and cost required to find a few items of useful informatio

  10. Geothermal Information Dissemination and Outreach

    SciTech Connect

    Ted J. Clutter, Geothermal Resources Council Executive Director

    2005-02-18

    Project Purpose To enhance technological and topical information transfer in support of industry and government efforts to increase geothermal energy use in the United States (power production, direct use, and geothermal groundsource heat pumps). Project Work GRC 2003 Annual Meeting. The GRC convened the meeting on Oct. 12-15, 2003, at Morelia's Centro de Convenciones y ExpoCentro in Mexico under the theme, International Collaboration for Geothermal Energy in the Americas. The event was also sponsored by the Comision Federal de Electricidad. ~600 participants from more than 20 countries attended the event. The GRC convened a Development of Geothermal Projects Workshop and Geothermal Exploration Techniques Workshop. GRC Field Trips included Los Azufres and Paricutin Volcano on Oct. 11. The Geothermal Energy Association (Washington, DC) staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Annual Meeting Opening Session was convened on Oct. 13, and included the governor of Michoacan, the Mexico Assistant Secretary of Energy, CFE Geothermal Division Director, DOE Geothermal Program Manager, and private sector representatives. The 2003 Annual Meeting attracted 160 papers for oral and poster presentations. GRC 2004. Under the theme, Geothermal - The Reliable Renewable, the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting convened on Aug. 29-Sept. 1, 2004, at the Hyatt Grand Champions Resort at Indian Wells, CA. Estimated total attendance (including Trade Show personnel, guests and accompanying persons) was ~700. The event included a workshop, Geothermal Production Well Pump Installation, Operation and Maintenance. Field trips went to Coso/Mammoth and Imperial Valley/Salton Sea geothermal fields. The event Opening Session featured speakers from the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the private sector. The Geothermal Energy Association staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Geothermal Education Office staged its Geothermal Energy Workshop. Several local radio and TV station interviews were conducted during the event. Technical Program included 136 technical papers. All were published in Volume 28 of the GRC Transactions. Volume 28, GRC Transactions Pblished as a high-quality, durable casebound volume, Volume 28 of the Transactions published 119 out of 136 technical papers (692 pp) presented at the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting. The papers were submitted by geothermal experts and professionals from around the world. The papers were reviewed over a 2-day period by 25 volunteer (in-kind) geothermal experts from the private sector and DOE National Laboratories. GRC staff received and cataloged the papers, and maintained interaction with authors for revisions and corrections. DOE Geothermal Technologies Newsletter The Office of Geothermal Technologies quarterly newsletter, Geothermal Technologies, is produced at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This 2-color, 4- to 16-page newsletter summarizes federal geothermal research and development projects and other DOE geothermal news. The GRC receives newsletter disk copy and color-key proof from NREL for each newsletter, then follows through with print production and distribution. Circulation is 1,000 per issue (plus 300 copies of the newsletter shipped to NREL for internal and public distribution). During the project period, the GRC printed, stitched and bound the Geothermal Technologies newsletter into the Sept/Oct 2003, Jan/Feb 2004, and May/June 2004 editions of the GRC Bulletin. Multiple copies (300) of the newsletter sans magazine were provided to NREL for internal DOE distribution. GRC Geothermal Research Library The GRC has built the largest and most comprehensive library in the world devoted to geothermal energy. The GRC Geothermal Library provides rapid accessibility to the majority of technical literature crafted over the past 30 years, and preserves hard copy and on-line databases for future use by geothermal researchers and developers. A bibliography for over half of the physical library's citations is available through keyword search on the GRC web site (www.geothe

  11. Geothermal Energy Information Dissemination and Outreach

    SciTech Connect

    Dr. John W. Lund

    2005-12-31

    The objective of this project is to continue on-going work by the Geo-Heat Center to develop and disseminate information; provide educational materials; develop short courses and workshops; maintain a comprehensive geothermal resource database; respond to inquiries from the public, industry and government; provide engineering, economic and environmental information and analysis on geothermal technology to potential users and developers; and provide information on market opportunities for geothermal development. These efforts are directed towards increasing the utilization of geothermal energy in the US and developing countries, by means of electric power generation and direct-use.

  12. Hydrogen Technical Analysis -- Dissemination of Information

    SciTech Connect

    George Kervitsky, Jr.

    2006-03-20

    SENTECH is a small energy and environmental consulting firm providing technical, analytical, and communications solutions to technology management issues. The activities proposed by SENTECH focused on gathering and developing communications materials and information, and various dissemination activities to present the benefits of hydrogen energy to a broad audience while at the same time establishing permanent communications channels to enable continued two-way dialog with these audiences in future years. Effective communications and information dissemination is critical to the acceptance of new technology. Hydrogen technologies face the additional challenge of safety preconceptions formed primarily as a result of the crash of the Hindenburg. Effective communications play a key role in all aspects of human interaction, and will help to overcome the perceptual barriers, whether of safety, economics, or benefits. As originally proposed SENTECH identified three distinct information dissemination activities to address three distinct but important audiences; these formed the basis for the task structure used in phases 1 and 2. The tasks were: (1) Print information--Brochures that target the certain segment of the population and will be distributed via relevant technical conferences and traditional distribution channels. (2) Face-to-face meetings--With industries identified to have a stake in hydrogen energy. The three industry audiences are architect/engineering firms, renewable energy firms, and energy companies that have not made a commitment to hydrogen (3) Educational Forums--The final audience is students--the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. SENTECH will expand on its previous educational work in this area. The communications activities proposed by SENTECH and completed as a result of this cooperative agreement was designed to compliment the research and development work funded by the DOE by presenting the technical achievements and validations of hydrogen energy technologies to non-traditional audiences. These activities were also designed to raise the visibility of the DOE Hydrogen Program to new audiences and to help the program continue to advance its mission and vision. We believe that the work conducted under this cooperative agreement was successful at meeting the objectives presented and funded over the period of performance. During Phase 1, SENTECHs activities resulted in the development and distribution of two glossy brochures that target the on-site distributed generation and public transit markets for hydrogen energy technologies; face-to-face industry outreach meetings with various firms with an interest in hydrogen energy, but who may not have made a commitment to be involved; and implementation of two educational forums on hydrogen for students - the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. The educational forums were conducted with in-kind cost-shared contributions from NHA and Dr. Robert Reeves, Professor Emeritus, Rensealler During Phase 2, SENTECH activities initially were focused on the development of additional brochures and the development of a series of training modules. This set of information dissemination activities built on the experience demonstrated in our phase one activities, and focused the effort within two critical issue areas facing the development of hydrogen as an energy carrier--effective communications and information dissemination on codes and standards. SENTECH joined with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to scope out the training modules and identified a series of 12 that could be used to train a variety of audiences. The NFPA is an international nonprofit corporation, which has developed a reputation as a worldwide leader in providing fire, electrical, and life safety to the public since 1896. Its membership totals more than 75,000 individuals from around the world and in more than 80 national trade and professional organizations.

  13. Optimal control of epidemic information dissemination over networks.

    PubMed

    Chen, Pin-Yu; Cheng, Shin-Ming; Chen, Kwang-Cheng

    2014-12-01

    Information dissemination control is of crucial importance to facilitate reliable and efficient data delivery, especially in networks consisting of time-varying links or heterogeneous links. Since the abstraction of information dissemination much resembles the spread of epidemics, epidemic models are utilized to characterize the collective dynamics of information dissemination over networks. From a systematic point of view, we aim to explore the optimal control policy for information dissemination given that the control capability is a function of its distribution time, which is a more realistic model in many applications. The main contributions of this paper are to provide an analytically tractable model for information dissemination over networks, to solve the optimal control signal distribution time for minimizing the accumulated network cost via dynamic programming, and to establish a parametric plug-in model for information dissemination control. In particular, we evaluate its performance in mobile and generalized social networks as typical examples. PMID:25415940

  14. 48 CFR 2905.101 - Methods of disseminating information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... information. 2905.101 Section 2905.101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ACQUISITION PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Dissemination of Information 2905.101 Methods of disseminating information. Contracting officers may only use the Government Point of Entry (GPE) for synopsis...

  15. 48 CFR 2905.101 - Methods of disseminating information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... information. 2905.101 Section 2905.101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ACQUISITION PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Dissemination of Information 2905.101 Methods of disseminating information. Contracting officers may only use the Government Point of Entry (GPE) for synopsis...

  16. 48 CFR 2905.101 - Methods of disseminating information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... information. 2905.101 Section 2905.101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ACQUISITION PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Dissemination of Information 2905.101 Methods of disseminating information. Contracting officers may only use the Government Point of Entry (GPE) for synopsis...

  17. 48 CFR 2905.101 - Methods of disseminating information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... information. 2905.101 Section 2905.101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ACQUISITION PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Dissemination of Information 2905.101 Methods of disseminating information. Contracting officers may only use the Government Point of Entry (GPE) for synopsis...

  18. Dissemination strategy for immunizing scale-free networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stauffer, Alexandre O.; Barbosa, Valmir C.

    2006-11-01

    We consider the problem of distributing a vaccine for immunizing a scale-free network against a given virus or worm. We introduce a method, based on vaccine dissemination, that seems to reflect more accurately what is expected to occur in real-world networks. Also, since the dissemination is performed using only local information, the method can be easily employed in practice. Using a random-graph framework, we analyze our method both mathematically and by means of simulations. We demonstrate its efficacy regarding the trade-off between the expected number of nodes that receive the vaccine and the network’s resulting vulnerability to develop an epidemic as the virus or worm attempts to infect one of its nodes. For some scenarios, the method is seen to render the network practically invulnerable to attacks while requiring only a small fraction of the nodes to receive the vaccine.

  19. Data sharing and dissemination strategies for fostering competition in health care.

    PubMed Central

    Love, D E; Paita, L M; Custer, W S

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To introduce the concept of common models for data sharing and dissemination, highlight the current operational, technical, and political issues surrounding existing data sharing and dissemination initiatives in a health care market, and suggest an ideal model for future data initiatives. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: A literature review and case studies of existing data sharing and dissemination initiatives that promote the collection and use of comparative information on provider cost and quality. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Three broad types of common models for data sharing and dissemination have evolved over the past decade or so: (1) provider-initiated initiatives developed through collaboration among providers of health care; (2) purchaser-initiated activities driven by a coalition of purchasers; and (3) indirect collaboration-data-sharing initiatives between providers and purchasers with a significant facilitating or regulating role by a third group of stakeholders. The success of a data-sharing and dissemination strategy is determined by how the complex operational, technical, and political issues are addressed. General principles by which a health data initiative might abide include the following: standardized databases as the physical foundation, indicators that reflect the changing market; linkages between and across data sets for comprehensive and complete data; economic value; policy relevance; use of evolving technologies to collect, integrate, and disseminate data; and stakeholder support. CONCLUSIONS: Regulatory solutions alone will not overcome the complex political and technical challenges to data sharing and dissemination. The "ideal" model or process nurturing a market for health care information will incorporate compromise and negotiation to address the issues of data ownership and proprietary concerns, therefore securing the necessary political and financial support of the private sector. PMID:11327177

  20. 48 CFR 1205.101 - Methods of disseminating information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Methods of disseminating information. 1205.101 Section 1205.101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... disseminating information. (b) The DOT Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (S-40), 400...

  1. 48 CFR 2905.101 - Methods of disseminating information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Methods of disseminating information. 2905.101 Section 2905.101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ACQUISITION... dissemination of information concerning procurement actions. The Division of Acquisition Management...

  2. Education and dissemination strategies of photoactuation as a novel phenomenon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campo, E. M.; Wenn, D.; Ramos, I.; Esteve, J.; Mamojka, B.; Terentjev, E. M.

    2011-10-01

    In the current information age, scientists and educators are urged to disseminate scientific findings in a prompt manner for increased public acceptance, later on, in the market place. Customer acceptance of highly novel technologies is an education-driven effort that requires attention early-on during the stage of technology development. Prompt attention is particularly needed in technologies where nanoparticles are employed, such as those being developed within the Nano- Optical Mechanical Systems (NOMS) project. Another driving force to disseminate photoactuation is to generate interest and curiosity amongst the K-12 population that could eventually lead to increased enrollment of students in the physical sciences. In this paper, we present a work plan for the dissemination of photoactuation to society at large; from K-12 to the general public. The work plan will be designed in accordance with the logic model, following indications of the National Academy of Sciences, and will include a proposal for evaluating translational research following a process marker model.

  3. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

  4. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

  5. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

  6. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

  7. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS...IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

  8. 22 CFR 96.110 - Dissemination and reporting of information about temporarily accredited agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Dissemination and reporting of information about temporarily accredited agencies. 96...Dissemination and reporting of information about temporarily accredited agencies. The...must disseminate and report information about agencies it has temporarily accredited...

  9. A Spread Willingness Computing-Based Information Dissemination Model

    PubMed Central

    Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui

    2014-01-01

    This paper constructs a kind of spread willingness computing based on information dissemination model for social network. The model takes into account the impact of node degree and dissemination mechanism, combined with the complex network theory and dynamics of infectious diseases, and further establishes the dynamical evolution equations. Equations characterize the evolutionary relationship between different types of nodes with time. The spread willingness computing contains three factors which have impact on user's spread behavior: strength of the relationship between the nodes, views identity, and frequency of contact. Simulation results show that different degrees of nodes show the same trend in the network, and even if the degree of node is very small, there is likelihood of a large area of information dissemination. The weaker the relationship between nodes, the higher probability of views selection and the higher the frequency of contact with information so that information spreads rapidly and leads to a wide range of dissemination. As the dissemination probability and immune probability change, the speed of information dissemination is also changing accordingly. The studies meet social networking features and can help to master the behavior of users and understand and analyze characteristics of information dissemination in social network. PMID:25110738

  10. Information dissemination in disadvantaged wireless communications using a data dissemination service and content data network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gillen, Matthew; Loyall, Joseph; Zita Haigh, Karen; Walsh, Robert; Partridge, Craig; Lauer, Gregory; Strayer, Timothy

    2012-05-01

    Disadvantaged wireless communications, such as those in fractionated spacecraft systems, need real-time, reliable, and fault tolerant information dissemination from information producers (such as sensors) to information consumers (such as information exploitation, analysis, or command and control systems). Such systems are well-suited to the publishsubscribe paradigm, but cannot afford the large footprint of many publish-subscribe systems and do not provide the underlying high-bandwidth, stable connectivity many publish-subscribe systems assume. Similarly, publish-subscribe systems cannot, by themselves, provide the real-time performance and quality of service needed by many missioncritical and spacecraft applications; they need enforcement and control provided by an underlying network. This paper presents a concept for a dissemination system suited to space-borne platforms that combines a lightweight implementation of the OMG's Data Dissemination Service with a simplified Content Delivery Network. The result is a topic-based publish-subscribe information dissemination service that supports decoupled publishers and subscribers of varying numbers, automated failover, and quality of service (QoS), coupled with a topic-based network that can enforce QoS parameters and efficiently deliver published messages based on the subscriptions registered by consumers.

  11. NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Michael L.

    NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA Langley Technical Administration Langley Research Center · Hampton, Virginia 23681-0001 NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA Langley Technical Publications Donna G. Roper, Mary K. McCaskill, Scott D

  12. Blending research and practice: an evolving dissemination strategy in substance abuse.

    PubMed

    Michel, Mary Ellen; Pintello, Denise A; Subramaniam, Geetha

    2013-01-01

    Substance abuse is a leading cause of death and disability throughout the world. The mission of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is to lead the United States in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction. This charge has two critical components: (a) strategic support of research across a broad range of disciplines and (b) rapid, effective dissemination of research results that can improve prevention and treatment efforts, with potential to inform policy. The NIDA Clinical Trials Network and the Blending Initiative are critical elements of this strategy, and the social work field is poised to use these resources to expand its role in the dissemination and implementation of NIDA's mission. PMID:23731421

  13. The Use of Online Strategies and Social Media for Research Dissemination in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    Alongside a growing interest in knowledge mobilization (trying to increase the connection between research, policy and practice) there has been a transformation of how knowledge is produced, accessed and disseminated in light of the internet and social media strategies. Few studies have explored the use of social media for research dissemination.…

  14. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400.28 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM Safeguarding §...

  15. 48 CFR 5.101 - Methods of disseminating information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Methods of disseminating information. 5.101 Section 5.101 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... information. (a) As required by the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(e)) and the Office of...

  16. 21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Information that may be disseminated. 99.101 Section 99.101 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Phase 1 trials in healthy people; (iv) Flagged reference publications that contain little or...

  17. 21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Information that may be disseminated. 99.101 Section 99.101 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Phase 1 trials in healthy people; (iv) Flagged reference publications that contain little or...

  18. Modeling Epidemic Information Dissemination on Mobile Devices with Finite Buffers*

    E-print Network

    Modeling Epidemic Information Dissemination on Mobile Devices with Finite Buffers* Christoph, every node of the MANET buffers messages it receives up to a certain buffer capacity and may forward such messages a limited number of times. A mobile device forwards a message to some deterministically determined

  19. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 2400.28 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION... shall establish procedures consistent with this Regulation for dissemination of classified material....

  20. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Section 2400.28 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION... shall establish procedures consistent with this Regulation for dissemination of classified material....

  1. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Section 2400.28 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION... shall establish procedures consistent with this Regulation for dissemination of classified material....

  2. 32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Section 2400.28 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION... shall establish procedures consistent with this Regulation for dissemination of classified material....

  3. Proceedings: panel on information dissemination for wind energy

    SciTech Connect

    Weis, P.

    1980-04-01

    This meeting was called as part of a multi-year planning effort. Groups involved in the production and/or dissemination of information on wind energy were invited to describe their current activities and their perceptions of the needs of the 80's in this area. Participants exchanged copies of materials they distribute regularly and discussed frequently asked questions.

  4. Tsunami event information dissemination through Tweb

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burger, E. F.; Kamb, L.; Gately, K.

    2014-12-01

    Tweb is a novel approach for a tsunami modeling and forecasting application. It is completely web-based and it's supporting components can be hosted in the cloud. This application core functionality, designed and built into Tweb from the initial release, is the capability to selectively share tsunami event information for authorized users. These users, typically state-level Emergency Managers, can log into Tweb to view tsunami event products in a web browser. As a tsunami event evolves the forecasted information could change. Tweb allows a privileged user (tsunami forecaster) to change what the information view-only user can see for a specific event. This "live document" capability is important as it allows users, dependant on tsunami wave arrival and inundation information for their emergency management role, to always see the latest information the tsunami experts have the most confidence in. Components of this application are now being considered for use by NOAA's Tsunami Warning Centers (TWCs). This presentation will illustrate the integration with the SIFT and Tweb Forecasting tool, show how this information is rendered in the View-Only client, and demonstrate how the user will always see the latest iteration of the shared tsunami event information.

  5. Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis

    E-print Network

    Morris, Edward K.

    1985-01-01

    Suggests that behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities. Some of the conditions that have given rise...

  6. Automated SDI Services. (Selective Dissemination of Information).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altmann, Berthold

    An automated SDI service based on tapes supplied by DDC, Science Abstracts, and Engineering Index is evaluated as a component element of the entire HDL information system. Current studies for improving the efficiency are briefly described,--in particular, the establishment of a parameter reference service that should shorten the lead-time for the…

  7. Information Dissemination of Public Health Emergency on Social Networks and Intelligent Computation

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Hongzhi; Mao, Huajuan; Hu, Xiaohua; Hu, Feng; Sun, Xuemin; Jing, Zaiping; Duan, Yunsuo

    2015-01-01

    Due to the extensive social influence, public health emergency has attracted great attention in today's society. The booming social network is becoming a main information dissemination platform of those events and caused high concerns in emergency management, among which a good prediction of information dissemination in social networks is necessary for estimating the event's social impacts and making a proper strategy. However, information dissemination is largely affected by complex interactive activities and group behaviors in social network; the existing methods and models are limited to achieve a satisfactory prediction result due to the open changeable social connections and uncertain information processing behaviors. ACP (artificial societies, computational experiments, and parallel execution) provides an effective way to simulate the real situation. In order to obtain better information dissemination prediction in social networks, this paper proposes an intelligent computation method under the framework of TDF (Theory-Data-Feedback) based on ACP simulation system which was successfully applied to the analysis of A (H1N1) Flu emergency. PMID:26609303

  8. A strategy for electronic dissemination of NASA Langley technical publications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roper, Donna G.; Mccaskill, Mary K.; Holland, Scott D.; Walsh, Joanne L.; Nelson, Michael L.; Adkins, Susan L.; Ambur, Manjula Y.; Campbell, Bryan A.

    1994-01-01

    To demonstrate NASA Langley Research Center's relevance and to transfer technology to external customers in a timely and efficient manner, Langley has formed a working group to study and recommend a course of action for the electronic dissemination of technical reports (EDTR). The working group identified electronic report requirements (e.g., accessibility, file format, search requirements) of customers in U.S. industry through numerous site visits and personal contacts. Internal surveys were also used to determine commonalities in document preparation methods. From these surveys, a set of requirements for an electronic dissemination system was developed. Two candidate systems were identified and evaluated against the set of requirements: the Full-Text Electronic Documents System (FEDS), which is a full-text retrieval system based on the commercial document management package Interleaf, and the Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS), which is a Langley-developed system based on the publicly available World Wide Web (WWW) software system. Factors that led to the selection of LTRS as the vehicle for electronic dissemination included searching and viewing capability, current system operability, and client software availability for multiple platforms at no cost to industry. This report includes the survey results, evaluations, a description of the LTRS architecture, recommended policy statement, and suggestions for future implementations.

  9. 22 CFR 96.91 - Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. 96.91 Section 96.91...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. (a) Once the Convention has entered...

  10. 22 CFR 96.91 - Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. 96.91 Section 96.91...Dissemination of information to the public about accreditation and approval status. (a) Once the Convention has entered...

  11. 47 CFR 64.707 - Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Public dissemination of information...providers of operator services. 64.707 Section...Telephone Operator Services § 64.707 Public dissemination of information...providers of operator services. Providers of...

  12. 47 CFR 64.707 - Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Public dissemination of information...providers of operator services. 64.707 Section...Telephone Operator Services § 64.707 Public dissemination of information...providers of operator services. Providers of...

  13. Information Dissemination Analysis of Different Media towards the Application for Disaster Pre-Warning

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Nan; Huang, Hong; Su, Boni; Zhao, Jinlong; Zhang, Bo

    2014-01-01

    Knowing the information dissemination mechanisms of different media and having an efficient information dissemination plan for disaster pre-warning plays a very important role in reducing losses and ensuring the safety of human beings. In this paper we established models of information dissemination for six typical information media, including short message service (SMS), microblogs, news portals, cell phones, television, and oral communication. Then, the information dissemination capability of each medium concerning individuals of different ages, genders, and residential areas was simulated, and the dissemination characteristics were studied. Finally, radar graphs were used to illustrate comprehensive assessments of the six media; these graphs show directly the information dissemination characteristics of all media. The models and the results are essential for improving the efficiency of information dissemination for the purpose of disaster pre-warning and for formulating emergency plans which help to reduce the possibility of injuries, deaths and other losses in a disaster. PMID:24878739

  14. Tailor Made Strategies of Dissemination: The Story and Theory Connection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhola, H. S.

    General principles of planning tailor-made change strategies arise directly from the CLER (configurations, linkages, environments, resources) model, a model of planned change, as well as from the value assumptions in which the model is embedded. These principles include the following: change requires commitment, planning and management of change…

  15. Study of Disseminating Landslide Early Warning Information in Malaysia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koay, Swee Peng; Lateh, Habibah; Tien Tay, Lea; Ahamd, Jamilah; Chan, Huah Yong; Sakai, Naoki; Jamaludin, Suhaimi

    2015-04-01

    In Malaysia, rain induced landslides are occurring more often than before. The Malaysian Government allocates millions of Malaysian Ringgit for slope monitoring and slope failure remedial measures in the budget every year. In rural areas, local authorities also play a major role in monitoring the slope to prevent casualty by giving information to the residents who are staying near to the slopes. However, there are thousands of slopes which are classified as high risk slopes in Malaysia. Implementing site monitoring system in these slopes to monitor the movement of the soil in the slopes, predicting the occurrence of slopes failure and establishing early warning system are too costly and almost impossible. In our study, we propose Accumulated Rainfall vs. Rainfall Intensity prediction method to predict the slope failure by referring to the predicted rainfall data from radar and the rain volume from rain gauges. The critical line which determines if the slope is in danger, is generated by simulator with well-surveyed the soil property in the slope and compared with historical data. By establishing such predicting system, the slope failure warning information can be obtained and disseminated to the surroundings via SMS, internet and siren. However, establishing the early warning dissemination system is not enough in disaster prevention, educating school children and the community by giving knowledge on landslides, such as landslide's definition, how and why does the slope failure happen and when will it fail, to raise the risk awareness on landslides will reduce landslides casualty, especially in rural area. Moreover, showing video on the risk and symptom of landslides in school will also help the school children gaining the knowledge of landslides. Generating hazard map and landslides historical data provides further information on the occurrence of the slope failure. In future, further study on fine tuning of landslides prediction method, applying IT technology to educate school children and disseminate warning information will assist the government authorities to reduce landslide casualty by disseminating prompt slope failure warning and improving the community's awareness of disaster prevention.

  16. Dissemination Strategies and Devices, Part Four, Final Report for Phase I, Rural Shared Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northern Montana Coll., Havre.

    Part Four of a four-part report, designed to identify, synthesize, and evaluate shared services research and development efforts throughout the nation, presents a model to disseminate information concerning shared services information to rural educators. The discussion does not prescribe a "best-fit" model but presents several with an expanded…

  17. Communications Related to Weather Information Handling and Dissemination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dhas, Chris

    2000-01-01

    This report summarizes the tasking contained in the Statement of Work and describes the results of the project. In addition, it addresses the principles, procedures, and methods of application that would be generally applicable to using the results of the project. NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is involved in the Aviation Weather Information (AWIN) Program, which has a goal of reducing the aircraft accident rate, by a factor of five within 10 years and by a factor of 10 within 20 years. GRC's effort concentrates on the communications means needed to disseminate effective weather data. GRC's focus in on developing new technologies and techniques to support the digital communication of weather information between airborne and ground-based users.

  18. Role Models in Science - An Effective Dissemination Strategy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chatzichristou, Eleni; Daglis, Ioannis A.; Anastasiadis, Anastasios; Balasis, George; Bourdarie, Sebastien; Horne, Richard B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Mann, Ian R.; Santolik, Ondrej; Turner, Drew L.; Giannakis, Omiros; Ropokis, George

    2014-05-01

    We present the outreach efforts of the MAARBLE (Monitoring, Analyzing and Assessing Radiation Belt Loss and Energization) project, intended to provide the general public with simplified information concerning the scientific objectives of the project and its expected outcomes, to strengthen their understanding of space science, as well as to engage and inspire the next generation of scientists. MAARBLE involves monitoring of the geospace environment through space and ground-based observations, in order to understand various aspects of the radiation belts, an important element of the space weather system, which have direct impact on human endeavors in space (spacecraft and astronauts exposure). The public outreach website of MAARBLE, besides instructive text and regular updates with relevant news, also employs a variety of multimedia (image and video galleries) and characteristic sounds of space related to very low and ultra low frequency (VLF/ULF) electromagnetic waves. It also provides links to some of the most interesting relevant educational activities, including those at partner institutions such as the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics at UCLA, the University of Alberta, the Swedish Institute of Space Physics and the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. We will focus on a specific activity: "Interviewing a MAARBLE Scientist", which enriches and broadens the scope of the MAARBLE outreach website. The profile of a MAARBLE scientist appears every month through an inspired interview, the scientists relating to the public their real stories, aspirations and endeavors. The intimacy of this approach is very effective in catching the attention of an otherwise indifferent public, and to inspire young people to pursue science careers by identifying themselves with "real" scientists. We cover one interview per month, featuring either a high-profile scientist from each partner institute, or a young researcher on a successful career path to both act as role model and to show the challenges that young scientists are facing today. The work leading to this paper has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-SPACE-2011-1) under grant agreement no. 284520 for the MAARBLE (Monitoring, Analyzing and Assessing Radiation Belt Energization and Loss) collaborative research project. This paper reflects only the authors' views and the Union is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

  19. Information Sciences: Data and Information Handling, Storing, Retrieving and Dissemination. Vol. I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Documentation Center, Alexandria, VA.

    The bibliography is a compilation of annotated references on information sciences: data and information handling, storing, retrieving and dissemination, and is volume I in a four-volume set on information sciences. It is a revision to the unlimited references in two earlier bibliographies, AD-829 001 and AD-829 002, on the same subject. This…

  20. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record... SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a) Criminal history record information contained in the III...

  1. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record... SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a) Criminal history record information contained in the III...

  2. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record... SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a) Criminal history record information contained in the III...

  3. 42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dissemination of Part D plan information. 423.128... Protections § 423.128 Dissemination of Part D plan information. (a) Detailed description. A Part D sponsor must disclose the information specified in paragraph (b) of this section in the manner specified by...

  4. Developing an Information Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Terry

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

  5. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

  6. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

  7. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination...Criminal history record information contained in the III System and the FIRS may be...

  8. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination...Criminal history record information contained in the III System and the FIRS may be...

  9. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination. 4...FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT...EXAMINERS Release of Non-Public OCC Information § 4.37 Persons and entities...

  10. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination...Criminal history record information contained in the III System and the FIRS may be...

  11. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination...Criminal history record information contained in the III System and the FIRS may be...

  12. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination...Criminal history record information contained in the III System and the FIRS may be...

  13. 22 CFR 96.92 - Dissemination of information to the public about complaints against accredited agencies and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Dissemination of information to the public about complaints against accredited agencies...Dissemination of information to the public about complaints against accredited agencies...person, and if so, provide information about the status and nature of any such...

  14. 49 CFR 831.13 - Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD ACCIDENT/INCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES § 831.13 Flow and dissemination of accident or incident information. (a) Release of information during the field investigation... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Flow and dissemination of accident or...

  15. The Development of Project Information Packages for the Dissemination of Effective Educational Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foat, Classie M.; And Others

    The dissemination to schools of information about effective projects has been inadequate to bring about widespread replications. The purpose of this research was to test the feasibility of Project Information Packages (PIPs) as a means of widespread dissemination of effective programs. The study assumed that a project could be packaged with…

  16. INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND DISSEMINATION FOR SITE SELECTION DECISIONS USING A FUZZY ALGORITHM IN GIS

    E-print Network

    Liang, Huizhi "Elly"

    INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND DISSEMINATION FOR SITE SELECTION DECISIONS USING A FUZZY ALGORITHM IN GIS) Information analysis and dissemination for site selection decisions using a fuzzy algorithm in GIS Proceedings Ph +61 7 38641540, Fax +61 7 38641515, d2.bailey@qut.edu.au Abstract Site selection for large

  17. "SDI--Where are We? The Challenge of the Future." The Information Dissemination Center View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carmon, James L.

    The historical and current status of information dissemination centers and the problem of user interface are reviewed. During the past decade, the problems of technical data processing have been conquered; information dissemination has evolved from a loosely knit group of experimental centers to an organization of established centers, many…

  18. 48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (TAR) 48 CFR 1242.7000(a), insert the following clause: Dissemination of Information—Educational... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dissemination of information-educational institutions. 1252.242-70 Section 1252.242-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  19. 48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (TAR) 48 CFR 1242.7000(a), insert the following clause: Dissemination of Information—Educational... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dissemination of information-educational institutions. 1252.242-70 Section 1252.242-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  20. Inferring strategies for disseminating physical activity policies, programs, and practices from the successes of tobacco control.

    PubMed

    Green, Lawrence W; Orleans, C Tracy; Ottoson, Judith M; Cameron, Roy; Pierce, John P; Bettinghaus, Erwin P

    2006-10-01

    Efforts at reducing tobacco use in the United States and Canada over the last half century have been amazingly successful. This article examines those efforts in order to identify policies, programs, and practices found useful in tobacco control that might be usefully disseminated to world populations to improve rates of physical activity. Tobacco-control activities began with efforts to influence the individual smoker through public education and counter-advertising. Increasing awareness of the addictive properties of tobacco, industry efforts to manipulate those properties, and to target youth with aggressive advertising, fueled public outrage that supported additional policy changes to include community interventions, legal actions, and restraints against the tobacco industry. The article first examines ways to view the process of transferring knowledge from one enterprise (reducing tobacco consumption) to another (increasing physical activity). Several theories of knowledge generalization and dissemination are explored: transfer, knowledge utilization, application, diffusion, and implementation. The second section identifies the dissemination of tobacco control by means of brief health behavior-change interventions for smoking cessation that have been successfully integrated into primary clinical care. The question of whether similar strategies can be successfully disseminated to increase physical activity is examined in detail. The article then moves on to look at the success of arguably the most successful program in the world at achieving a reduction in tobacco control-the State of California. Finally, we compare and contrast some of the lessons as they have played out in another national context-Canada. In the concluding section, some lessons are identified that we believe may be successfully utilized in societal attempts to increase physical activity in world populations. PMID:16979471

  1. Worksite Tobacco Prevention: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Adoption, Dissemination Strategies, and Aggregated Health-Related Outcomes across Companies

    PubMed Central

    Friedrich, Verena; Brügger, Adrian; Bauer, Georg F.

    2015-01-01

    Evidence based public health requires knowledge about successful dissemination of public health measures. This study analyses (a) the changes in worksite tobacco prevention (TP) in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, between 2007 and 2009; (b1) the results of a multistep versus a “brochure only” dissemination strategy; (b2) the results of a monothematic versus a comprehensive dissemination strategy that aim to get companies to adopt TP measures; and (c) whether worksite TP is associated with health-related outcomes. A longitudinal design with randomized control groups was applied. Data on worksite TP and health-related outcomes were gathered by a written questionnaire (baseline n = 1627; follow-up n = 1452) and analysed using descriptive statistics, nonparametric procedures, and ordinal regression models. TP measures at worksites improved slightly between 2007 and 2009. The multistep dissemination was superior to the “brochure only” condition. No significant differences between the monothematic and the comprehensive dissemination strategies were observed. However, improvements in TP measures at worksites were associated with improvements in health-related outcomes. Although dissemination was approached at a mass scale, little change in the advocated adoption of TP measures was observed, suggesting the need for even more aggressive outreach or an acceptance that these channels do not seem to be sufficiently effective. PMID:26504778

  2. 21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... such other manufacturer to make the dissemination. (b) For purposes of this part: (1) FDA will find... Phase 1 trials in healthy people; (iv) Flagged reference publications that contain little or no... fewer people that do not reflect any systematic attempt to collect data, unless the...

  3. 21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... such other manufacturer to make the dissemination. (b) For purposes of this part: (1) FDA will find... Phase 1 trials in healthy people; (iv) Flagged reference publications that contain little or no... fewer people that do not reflect any systematic attempt to collect data, unless the...

  4. 21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... such other manufacturer to make the dissemination. (b) For purposes of this part: (1) FDA will find... Phase 1 trials in healthy people; (iv) Flagged reference publications that contain little or no... fewer people that do not reflect any systematic attempt to collect data, unless the...

  5. Microfiche for Technical Information Dissemination: A Cost-Benefit Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teplitz, Arthur

    The paper introduces the concept of Book Fiche, a microfiche form which provides up to 390 pages on a single 4 X 6 inch film sheet, and its application to the reproduction and distribution of technical documents. A cost comparison is made between conventional printing and distribution techniques, and microfiche dissemination utilizing…

  6. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

  7. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

  8. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

  9. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

  10. The Science, and Art, of Program Dissemination: Strategies, Successes, and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCoy, Kathleen P.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this special issue is to provide readers with a greater awareness of the processes involved in dissemination, as well as existing supports that help disseminate and sustain evidence-based interventions. Although dissemination research is limited in most disciplines, it is particularly lacking in the social science field. Many…

  11. Dissemination of Information in Developing Countries: The Personal Computer and beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wai-Man

    2005-01-01

    With the blooming of information in digital format, dissemination of information is becoming a big challenge for developing countries. It is not only due to the limited provision of personal computers--in addition, the technological infrastructure and the ability to access information are also becoming major concerns in developing countries. This…

  12. The Effects of a Data Dissemination Strategy on the Letter Naming and Object Counting Skills of Preschoolers Attending Head Start

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strand, Paul S.; Cerna, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    The present study utilized a quasi-experimental design to investigate the effects of a data dissemination strategy on the development of letter naming and object counting skills in preschoolers. The intervention involved the repeated assessment of these skills and a framework for how the resulting data were made available to teachers. The…

  13. 42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dissemination of Part D plan information. 423.128 Section 423.128 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN..., including— (i) Enrollment procedures. Information and instructions on how to exercise election options...

  14. 48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... information—educational institutions. As prescribed in (HSAR) 48 CFR 3035.7000, insert the following clause... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dissemination of information-educational institutions. 3052.235-70 Section 3052.235-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  15. 48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... information—educational institutions. As prescribed in (HSAR) 48 CFR 3035.7000, insert the following clause... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dissemination of information-educational institutions. 3052.235-70 Section 3052.235-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  16. The Environmental Protection Agency: A Profile of Its Information Collection and Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kadec, Sarah T.

    1989-01-01

    Provides an overview of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its publication distribution programs. Topics discussed include information collection, vehicles for dissemination, the application of information technologies, and primary users. The relationship of the EPA to the Government Printing Office (GPO) and the National Technical…

  17. Control-Based Real-Time Metadata Matching for Information Dissemination

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Ming; Wang, Xiaorui; Gunasekaran, Raghul; Qi, Hairong; Shankar, Mallikarjun

    2008-01-01

    Real-time information dissemination is of increasing im- portance to our society. Existing work mainly focuses on delivering information from sources to sinks in a timely manner based on established subscriptions, with the as- sumption that those subscriptions are persistent. However, the bottleneck of many real-time information dissemination systems is actually the matching process to continuously reevaluate such subscriptions between numerous sources and numerous sinks, in response to dynamically varying in- formation attributes at runtime. In this paper, we propose a feedback controller to adaptively meet the response time constraints on metadata matching in an example informa- tion dissemination system. Our controller features a rigor- ous design based on well-established feedback control the- ory for guaranteed control accuracy and system stability. Empirical results on a physical test-bed demonstrate that our controller outperforms both an open-loop solution and a typical heuristic solution, by having more accurate con- trol and better system quality of service.

  18. Information Dissemination in Mobile Ad-Hoc Geosensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Duckham, Matt

    , and Lars Kulik3 1 National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis University of Maine, Orono, ME-aware systems are founded on a centralized model of information systems, typified by the client-server model- dancy. 1 Introduction Increasing decentralization is a widespread feature of information system archi

  19. Earthquake hazards information dissemination: a study of Charleston, South Carolina

    SciTech Connect

    Greene, M.R.; Gori, P.L.

    1982-01-01

    The study identifies how officials and representatives of the private sector in Charleston, South Carolina, learn about earthquake hazards and how mitigation and response information gets incorporated in their job functions. The report documents why the officials in the Charleston area think they might need hazards information, what their job responsibilities are, and how they currently obtain information. 59 references. (ACR)

  20. Disseminating tobacco control information to Asians and Pacific Islanders.

    PubMed

    Tat, John; Nguy, Mike; Tong, Eric K; Cheng, Aaron J; Chung, Lois Y; Sadler, Georgia Robins

    2015-03-01

    The Asian Grocery Store-Based Cancer Education Program (the Program) is a proven strategy for promoting early breast cancer detection among Asian American women. The authors sought to test whether the same public health model can become an effective strategy for increasing the Asian community's awareness of the California Smokers' Helpline (the Helpline) and thereby, potentially decreasing this community's use of tobacco products. The new module, mainly staffed by four well-trained, volunteer undergraduates, explained the risks of first- and second-hand tobacco exposure and how to access the Helpline's services. A brochure, provided in English, Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese (the Helpline's available Asian languages), was used to guide the bicultural, bilingual students' tobacco-related discussions with shoppers. The students' repeated presence at the nine partnering Asian grocery stores served as reminders of the Helpline's availability. In its first year of operation, the student trainers reached 1,052 men and 1,419 women with tobacco cessation messages. Equally important, the participating grocery stores' managers did not object to students telling their customers to quit using the tobacco products sold in their stores. The results suggest that the Program's tobacco cessation module is a viable, community-specific, public health strategy. It is also a strategy with the potential for applications to reduce other health threats. PMID:24969319

  1. Disseminating technological information on remote sensing to potential users

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Russell, J. D.; Lindenlaub, J. C.

    1977-01-01

    The Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing developed materials and programs which range from short tutorial brochures to post-doctoral research programs which may span several years. To organize both the content and the instructional techniques, a matrix of instructional materials was conceptualized. Each row in the matrix represents a subject area in remote sensing and each column in the matrix represents a different type media or instructional strategy.

  2. Broadcast media and the dissemination of weather information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Byrnes, J.

    1973-01-01

    Although television is the public's most preferred source of weather information, it fails to provide weather reports to those groups who seek the information early in the day and during the day. The result is that many people most often use radio as a source of information, yet preferring the medium of television. The public actively seeks weather information from both radio and TV stations, usually seeking information on current conditions and short range forecasts. forecasts. Nearly all broadcast stations surveyed were eager to air severe weather bulletins quickly and often. Interest in Nowcasting was high among radio and TV broadcasters, with a significant portion indicating a willingness to pay something for the service. However, interest among TV stations in increasing the number of daily reports was small.

  3. Improving Information Dissemination Impact on Districts and Schools. Knowledge Brief Number 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Stephen R.

    The California Department of Education commissioned a study to help guide ongoing information dissemination practices to the educational community. A pilot study, department of education staff interviews, and field interviews preceded document tracking. Phone interviews were conducted with district administrators, principals, and teachers…

  4. Semiring Pruning for Information Dissemination in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Kiran K. Somasundaram, John S. Baras

    E-print Network

    Baras, John S.

    Semiring Pruning for Information Dissemination in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Kiran K. Somasundaram Networks (MANETs), pruned link state ap- proaches such as those used in Optimized Link State Routing (OLSR) have shown significant reduction in the control overhead. In this paper, we show that the pruning

  5. The potential benefit of improving the dissemination of agricultural weather information to the Mississippi cotton farmer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Priddy, K. T.; Marlatt, W. E. (principal investigators)

    1978-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. The potential benefit of improved dissemination of weather information to the Mississippi cotton farmer was estimated at $36,000 per 1000 acres. This is 16% of production cost of cotton in 1976. On a statewide basis, the total potential savings exceeds 100 million dollars.

  6. Research Libraries and the Dissemination of Information in Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucker, Jay K.

    1985-01-01

    Research libraries play essential role in the dissemination of both bibliographic and numerical information, including acquisition, processing, cataloging, retrieval, and document delivery. Most functions have been affected dramatically by application of the computer and library services at Massachusetts Institute of Technology that have evolved…

  7. Symposium on the Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Federal Government Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bortnick, Jane, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Explores the public policy issues raised by the electronic collection and dissemination of Federal government information from the perspectives of Congress, the Executive Branch, the private sector, and the user community. Lists of selected references and texts of relevant Office of Management and Budget source documents are provided. An Update on…

  8. Proceedings of the ocean energy information dissemination workshop, December 1979

    SciTech Connect

    Petty, D.

    1980-04-01

    The workshop was held to discuss the status of marketing ocean energy information and to develop an understanding of information needs and how to satisfy them. Presentations were made by the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) staff and media consultants about the effective use of audio-visual and print products, the mass media, and audience needs. Industry and government representatives reported on current efforts in each of their communication programs and outlined future plans. Four target audiences (DOE contractors, researchers, influencers, and general public) were discussed with respect to developing priorities for projects to enhance the commercialization of ocean energy technology.

  9. 21 CFR 99.101 - Information that may be disseminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...approved labeling for an approved drug or device or in the statement...information shall: (1) Be about a drug or device that has been approved...reprint or copy of an article, peer-reviewed by experts qualified...safety or effectiveness of the drug or device involved,...

  10. An In-Depth Analysis of How Elders Seek and Disseminate Health Information

    PubMed Central

    Altizer, Kathryn P.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Quandt, Sara A.; Bell, Ronny A; Arcury, Thomas A.

    2015-01-01

    This study documents older adults’ sources of health information, describes the purposes for health information seeking, and delineates gender and ethnic variation in health information seeking. Sixty-two African American and white adults age 65 and older completed qualitative interviews describing their use of complementary therapies. Interviews identified how individuals obtained and shared health information. Friends, not family, were the dominant source of health information. Participants ranged from active seekers to passive consumers of health information. Information seeking was common for benign symptoms. More women than men discuss health information with others. Friends are the primary source of health information for rural older adults. There is substantial passivity in the pursuit of health information. Identifying health information sources of rural older adults can support the dissemination of information to those who share it with others. PMID:24188253

  11. The Dissemination of Scholarly Information: Old Approaches and New Possibilities

    E-print Network

    Al-Ubaydli, O.; Pollock, Rufus

    be attributed to merger activity among the leading commercial publishers. Of course, open access, whether via journals or otherwise, can have problems. In theory, the principal criticism levelled at OA journals is that charging publication fees creates... scholar using this filtered set is: Uf = q ? 2i? pf The extra i cost here represents the cost of acquiring the filtered information from the filterer in addition to the cost of subsequently obtaining the relevant articles. For the present we shall ignore...

  12. Reporting epidemics: newspapers, information dissemination and the story of Ebola in the Ugandan district of Luweero.

    PubMed

    Mwesiga, Allan

    2011-01-01

    When an outbreak occurs, the affected population needs timely information in order to make informed decisions on how best to deal with the situation. Most target populations rely on the media for their information and the authorities use the media to disseminate outbreak information. The media, particularly locally based media, is as a result, crucial to public health outcomes. Reports on outbreaks should be as easy to understand as possible. However, there is, at times, a mismatch between the ideal and the practice. In looking at an example of the practice, this opinion hopes to influence the negotiation for the ideal in outbreak reporting. PMID:22355441

  13. Applying the principles of knowledge translation and exchange to inform dissemination of HIV survey results to adolescent participants in South Africa.

    PubMed

    Nixon, Stephanie A; Casale, Marisa; Flicker, Sarah; Rogan, Michael

    2013-06-01

    It is widely accepted that researchers have an obligation to inform survey participants of research results. However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of various dissemination strategies. The emerging field of knowledge transfer and exchange (KTE) may offer insight given its focus on techniques to enhance the effectiveness of communicating evidence-based information. To date, KTE has focused primarily on information exchange between researchers and policy-makers as opposed to study participants; however, there are principles that may be relevant in this new context. This gap in the literature becomes even more salient in the context of public health research where research results can reveal particular misunderstandings or shortcomings in knowledge that threaten to severely compromise participants' health. The objective of this article is to describe how KTE principles were used to inform dissemination of results of a self-administered sexual health survey to adolescent study participants in a resource-deprived, peri-urban area of South Africa. Strategies for enhancing two-way information exchange included constructing interactive dissemination sessions led by young, isiZulu fieldworkers. We also employed techniques to create a safe space for dialogue, encouraged the shared ownership of results and crafted targeted messages. Particularly noteworthy was the benefit accrued by the research team through this process of exchange, including novel explanations for study findings and new ideas for future research. PMID:22237939

  14. Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, S. T.

    1993-01-01

    A conference was held at MSFC in May 1992 describing the research achievements of the NASA-wide research and technology programs dealing with advanced oxygen/hydrogen and oxygen/hydrocarbon earth-to-orbit propulsion. The purpose of this conference was to provide a forum for the timely dissemination to the propulsion community of the results emerging from this program with particular emphasis on the transfer of information from the scientific/research to the designer.

  15. Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, S. T.

    1995-01-01

    In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

  16. Snow Tweets: Emergency Information Dissemination in a US County During 2014 Winter Storms

    PubMed Central

    Bonnan-White, Jess; Shulman, Jason; Bielecke, Abigail

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This paper describes how American federal, state, and local organizations created, sourced, and disseminated emergency information via social media in preparation for several winter storms in one county in the state of New Jersey (USA). Methods: Postings submitted to Twitter for three winter storm periods were collected from selected organizations, along with a purposeful sample of select private local users. Storm-related posts were analyzed for stylistic features (hashtags, retweet mentions, embedded URLs). Sharing and re-tweeting patterns were also mapped using NodeXL. Results: Results indicate emergency management entities were active in providing preparedness and response information during the selected winter weather events. A large number of posts, however, did not include unique Twitter features that maximize dissemination and discovery by users. Visual representations of interactions illustrate opportunities for developing stronger relationships among agencies. Discussion: Whereas previous research predominantly focuses on large-scale national or international disaster contexts, the current study instead provides needed analysis in a small-scale context. With practice during localized events like extreme weather, effective information dissemination in large events can be enhanced. PMID:25685629

  17. Nature-Inspired Dissemination of Information in P2P Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guéret, Christophe

    After having first been used as a means to publish content, the Web is now widely used as a social tool for sharing information. It is an easy task to subscribe to a social network, join one of the Web-based communities according to some personal interests and start to share content with all the people who do the same. It is easy once you solve two basic problems: select the network to join (go to hi5, facebook, myspace,…? join all of them?) and find/pick up the right communities (i.e., find a strict label to match non-strict centers of interest). An error of appreciation would result in getting too much of useless/non-relevant information. This chapter provides a study on the dissemination of information within groups of people and aim at answering one question: can we find an effortless way of sharing information on the Web? Ideally, such a solution would require neither the definition of a profile nor the selection of communities to join. Publishing information should also not be the result of an active decision but be performed in an automatic way. A nature-inspired framework is introduced as an answer to this question. This framework features artificial ants taking care of the dissemination of information items within the network. Centers of interest of the users are reflected by artificial pheromones laid down on connections between peers. Another part of the framework uses those pheromone trails to detect shared interests and creates communities.

  18. The impact of residency match information disseminated by a third-party website.

    PubMed

    Kutikov, Alexander; Morgan, Todd M; Resnick, Matthew J

    2009-01-01

    Over the past 10 years, a dramatic shift has occurred toward web-based applications and information dissemination both for medical students applying to residency programs and for current housestaff seeking specialty-specific information. This shift has been witnessed in urology with adoption of the Internet-based Electronic Residency Application Service for residency application submission. Currently, most residency programs devote significant attention to developing and maintaining an attractive web page, as studies have suggested departmental websites may impact applicants' decisions regarding residency preference lists.(1,2) Recently, some third-party websites have been established to provide information to medical students and residents in a variety of specialties. No studies are available that evaluate the impact of these external websites on residency decision making. In 2003, a website under the domain name www.UrologyMatch.com was created by 2 coauthors (A.K. and T.M.M.) with the purpose of assisting medical students through the American Urological Association (AUA) match process. Additionally, by providing a discussion forum for students, residents, and faculty, it sought to aid with the dissemination of information between urology programs and applicants. The website has been gradually expanded to provide educational content for urology trainees at a wide range of levels. Components of the website include an introduction to the field of urology, a detailed description of the match process, an "expert advice" section from urologic leaders, a library of relevant Internet links, a digital surgical atlas, and program-specific questionnaire responses provided by residency directors and department chairs. A discussion board providing an uncensored forum for visitors is integrated into the website to aid with the dissemination of information between and among urology programs, residents, and applicants. The high usage of this site has suggested that external websites may have a marked impact on the residency application process. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the role of www.UrologyMatch.com in the AUA match process. During the 2007-2008 urology residency match, we evaluated whether information disseminated through the website influenced medical students' decisions to enter the field of urology and whether this information factored into the generation of residency preference lists. We hypothesized that information on this website played a significant role in decision making throughout the urology residency match experience. PMID:19896626

  19. An Ontology-based Context Aware System for Selective Dissemination of Information in a Digital Library

    E-print Network

    De Giusti, Marisa R; Vosou, Agustín; Martínez, Juan P

    2010-01-01

    Users of Institutional Repositories and Digital Libraries are known by their needs for very specific information about one or more subjects. To characterize users profiles and offer them new documents and resources is one of the main challenges of today's libraries. In this paper, a Selective Dissemination of Information service is described, which proposes an Ontology-based Context Aware system for identifying user's context (research subjects, work team, areas of interest). This system enables librarians to broaden users profiles beyond the information that users have introduced by hand (such as institution, age and language). The system requires a context retrieval layer to capture user information and behavior, and an inference engine to support context inference from many information sources (selected documents and users' queries).

  20. Stage 2--Information Seeking Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elsenberg, Michael B.

    2005-01-01

    A brief overview of one Big6 stage by Mike Eisenberg, followed by articles by two exemplary Big6 teachers, Barbara Jansen and Rob Darrow, offering practical uses of the Big6 in elementary and secondary situations is presented. The two-part nature of information seeking strategies that includes brainstorming and choosing is emphasized.

  1. Disseminated Nocardiosis: A Successful Blind Strategy of Treatment in an HIV Infected Patient

    PubMed Central

    Guerra, Ana C.; Aleixo, Maria J.; Saraiva, Paulo; Aguas, Maria J.

    2015-01-01

    Background. Nocardiosis is a rare disease that mainly affects severely immunocompromised patients. Symptoms are nonspecific and microbiological isolation is difficult, hiding the diagnosis. Treatment should be guided by species and susceptibility testing. Findings. We report a clinical case of a disseminated nocardiosis in a patient with HIV and HVB infections. Interpretation. Diagnosis should be presumed early and microbiological conditions should be optimized, in order to identify the species and achieve antibiotic susceptibility testing. This is a very important step to choose an effective therapeutic regimen or alternative options. PMID:25821611

  2. What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of the Media in Disseminating Health Information?

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    Background to the debate: In December 2004 three news stories in the popular press suggested that the side effects of single-dose nevirapine, which has been proven to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, had been covered up. Many HIV experts believed that the stories were unwarranted and that they would undermine use of the drug, leading to a rise in neonatal HIV infection. The controversy surrounding these stories prompted the PLoS Medicine editors to ask health journalists, and others with an interest in media reporting of health, to share their views on the roles and responsibilities of the media in disseminating health information. PMID:16033311

  3. Dissemination strategies to improve implementation of the PHS smoking cessation guideline in MCH public health clinics: experimental evaluation results and contextual factors

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Young Ik; Warnecke, Richard; Saunders, Stephen; Sullivan, Myrtis

    2011-01-01

    We report results from an experimental study that tested the effectiveness of dissemination interventions to improve implementation of smoking cessation guidelines in maternal and child public health clinics. We additionally examine individual clinic results for contextual explanations not apparent from the experimental findings alone. Twelve clinics in Illinois were randomized to three dissemination strategies: (i) core dissemination (provision of the 2000 Public Health System Clinical Practice Guideline and a tested smoking cessation program, including program supplies and training), (ii) core dissemination and access to telephone counseling and (iii) core dissemination, telephone counseling access and outreach visits to clinics. Implementation outcomes were post-dissemination improvements over baseline in the percent of smokers reporting receipt/exposure to (i) provider advice, (ii) self-help booklet, (iii) videos, (iv) posters and (v) an adjunct intervention. Results showed significant increases in the percent of smokers receiving a booklet (overall) and an adjunct intervention (Groups 2 and 3). There were no increases in smoker-reported provider advice or videos and poster exposure. Examination of individual clinic findings showed that seven clinics accounted for all the experimental effectiveness. Smoker-reported provider advice to quit also increased in these clinics. Type of clinic and the absence of disruptive events distinguished clinics with and without effective dissemination outcomes. PMID:21398375

  4. Communicating Climate Change - Weather Forecast Need Assessment and Information Dissemination Mechanism to Farmers in Nepal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panthi, J., Sr.

    2014-12-01

    Climate Change is becoming one of the major threats to the fragile Himalayan ecosystem. It is affecting all sectors mainly fresh water, agriculture, forest, biodiversity and species. The subsistence agriculture system of Nepal is mainly rain-fed; therefore, climate change and climate extremes do have direct impacts on it. Weather extremes like droughts, floods and landslides long-lasting fog, hot and cold waves are affecting the agriculture sectors of Nepal. As human-induced climate change has already showing its impacts and it is going to be there for a long time to come, it is paramount importance to move towards the adaptation. Early warning system is an effective way for reducing the impacts of disasters. Forecasting of weather parameters (temperature, precipitation, and wind) helps farmers for their preparedness activities. With consultation with farmers and other relevant institutions, a research project was carried out, for the first time in Nepal, to identify the forecast information need to farmers and their dissemination mechanism. Community consultation workshops, key informant survey, and field observations were the techniques used for this research. Two ecological locations: Bageshwori VDC in Banke (plain) and Dhaibung VDC in Rasuwa (mountain) were taken as the pilot sites for this assessment. People in both the districts are dependent highly on agriculture and the weather extremes like hailstone, untimely rainfall; droughts are affecting their agriculture practices. They do not have confidence in the weather forecast information disseminated by the government of Nepal currently being done because it is a general forecast not done for a smaller domain and the forecast is valid only for 24 hours. The weather forecast need to the farmers in both the sites are: rainfall (intensity, duration and time), drought, and hailstone but in Banke, people wished to have the information of heat and cold waves too as they are affecting their wheat and tomato crops respectively the most. The mechanism of dissemination of the forecast information has been identified and agreed as local radio/FM, mobile telephoning to community leader and displaying and daily updating the forecast information in community hoarding boards.

  5. Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices: Training and Consultation as Implementation Strategies

    PubMed Central

    Edmunds, Julie M.; Beidas, Rinad S.; Kendall, Philip C.

    2013-01-01

    To provide effective treatment for individuals with mental health needs, there is a movement to deploy evidence-based practices (EBPs) developed in research settings into community settings. Training clinicians in EBPs is often used as the primary implementation strategy in these efforts, despite evidence suggesting that training alone does not change therapist behavior. A promising implementation strategy that can be combined with training is consultation, or ongoing support. This paper reviews the literature on consultation following initial training. A model of consultation is presented as well as preliminary findings regarding effective consultation techniques. Future directions are offered. PMID:24072959

  6. Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries and the United States Patent and Trademark Office: A Model for Information Dissemination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenda, Claudine Arnold

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the network of Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries (PTDLs), a collaborative partnership with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for disseminating patent and trademark information in every state plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Typical information sources and services provided at PTDLs are…

  7. Electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination program. Progress report

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-01

    The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (enacted October 24, 1992) to determine whether or not exposure to EMF produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electric energy affects human health. Two Federal agencies, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), have primary responsibility for the program, but other Federal agencies are key participants as well. This program requires that Federal appropriations be matched by contributions from non-Federal sources. The authorized level of funding for the program was $65 million over a 5-year period (fiscal years 1993-1997 inclusive). For EMF RAPID to be a fully funded program, $32.5 million over 5 years will have to be appropriated by Congress and matched by non-Federal contributions.

  8. Coalition Warfare Program (CWP): secure policy controlled information query and dissemination over a Bices network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toth, Andrew; Pham, Tien; Karr, Todd; Bent, Graham; Harries, Dominic; Knox, Alan

    2013-05-01

    In 2006, the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) established a collaborative research alliance with academia and industry, called the International Technology Alliance (ITA) to address fundamental issues concerning Network and Information Sciences. Under the ITA research program, a US-UK transition project on "ITA Policy Controlled Information Query and Dissemination" was funded in 2011 by OSD's Coalition Warfare Program (CWP). The goal of this CWP project is to develop an extensible capability of performing distributed federated query and information dissemination across a coalition network of distributed disparate data/information sources with access­ controlled policies. The CWP project is lead by US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and UK Defence Science Technology Laboratory (Dstl) with software development by IBM UK and IBM US. The CWP project exploits two key technology components developed within the ITA, namely the Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms. The Gaian Database (GaianDB) is a Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD) that addresses a need to share information among coalition members by providing a means for policy-controlled access to data across a network of heterogeneous data sources. GaianDB implements a SQL-compliant Store-Locally-Query-Anywhere (SLQA) approach providing software applications with global access to data from any node in the database network via standard SQL queries. Security policy is stored locally and enforced at the database node level, reducing potential for unauthorized data access and waste of network bandwidth. A key metric of success for a CWP project is the transition of coalition-related technology from TRL-3 or 4 to TRL-6 or higher. Thus, the end goal of this CWP project was to demonstrate the GaianDB and policy technology within an operational environment at the NATO Intelligence Fusion Centre (NIFC) at Molesworth RAF. An initial demonstration of this technology in a 'stand alone' environment was undertaken at the NIFC in November 2011 using a data set comprised of 140,000 documents. Recently the system has been modified to include a secure authentication mechanism based on a Kerberos ticketing framework and this has now been integrated onto the NIFC Battlefield Information, Collection, and Exploitation System (BICES) network. In summary, the paper discusses the CWP project; the two key technologies (i.e., Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms) developed within the US UK ITA research program; how these have been integrated into the NIFC BICES; and future plans for the program.

  9. Dissemination Strategies: The Evolution of Learning Resources on the Evaluation of Delirium, Dementia, and Depression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horvath, Kathy J.; Tumosa, Nina; Thielke, Stephen; Moorer, Julie; Huh, Terri; Cooley, Susan; Craft, Suzanne; Burns, Theressa

    2011-01-01

    Clinicians experience great pressures to provide timely, effective, and evidence-based medical care. Educators can aid these clinicians through the development of new tools that can facilitate timely completion of clinical tasks. These tools should summarize evidence-based information in a convenient format that allows easy use. This article…

  10. Improving the Dissemination of United States Government Information: The Report of the Public Printer's Sales Publications Pricing Panel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foss, Stuart M.

    1991-01-01

    Eleven issues were considered in study of Government Printing Office's Sales of Publications Program in areas such as pricing, marketing, program administration, and appeals of disputed prices. Sales Program study of documents pricing and government information dissemination proposes testing of alternative approaches to current pricing, increasing…

  11. The AVO Website - a Comprehensive Tool for Information Management and Dissemination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Snedigar, S.; Cameron, C.; Nye, C. J.

    2008-12-01

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) website serves as a primary information management, browsing, and dissemination tool. It is database-driven, thus easy to maintain and update. There are two different, yet fully integrated parts of the website. An external site (www.avo.alaska.edu) allows the general public to track eruptive activity by viewing the latest photographs, webcam images, seismic data, and official information releases about the volcano, as well as maps, previous eruption information, and bibliographies. This website is also the single most comprehensive source of Alaska volcano information available. The database now contains 14,000 images, 3,300 of which are publicly viewable, and 4,300 bibliographic citations - many linked to full-text downloadable files.. The internal portion of the website is essential to routine observatory operations, and hosts browse images of diverse geophysical and geological data in a format accessible by AVO staff regardless of location. An observation log allows users to enter information about anything from satellite passes to seismic activity to ash fall reports into a searchable database, and has become the permanent record of observatory function. The individual(s) on duty at home, at the watch office, or elsewhere use forms on the internal website to log information about volcano activity. These data are then automatically parsed into a number of primary activity notices which are the formal communication to appropriate agencies and interested individuals. Geochemistry, geochronology, and geospatial data modules are currently being developed. The website receives over 100 million hits, and serves 1,300 GB of data annually. It is dynamically generated from a MySQL database with over 300 tables and several thousand lines of php code which write the actual web display. The primary webserver is housed at (but not owned by) the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and currently holds 200 GB of data. Webcam images, webicorder graphs, earthquake location plots, and spectrograms are pulled and generated by other servers in Fairbanks and Anchorage.

  12. XML&CORBA-based distributed system for information integration and dissemination in multimedia neuroimaging applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Xinhua; Wong, Stephen T. C.; Hoo, Kent S., Jr.; Ching, Wan; Hawkins, Randall A.; Dillon, William P.

    2002-05-01

    Medical information systems based in different hospital departments face tremendous difficulty in information exchange and dissemination due to the multitudes of hardware and software platforms running these systems. In this paper, we describe a distributed information system for integrating various hospital systems in supporting clinical neuroimaging research and epilepsy surgical planning. Our distributed information system uses a three-tiered architecture consists of a user-interface tier, application logic tier and data store tier. Two system implementations based on this software architecture but using different integration technologies were developed and are discussed in this paper: the XML (extensible Mark Up Language)-based implementation and the CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture)-based implementation. In the XML-based implementation, application logic tier communicates with user-interface tier and data store tier using HTTP and XML for data exchange. For the data exchange in CORBA-based implementation, the middleware uses IIOP (Internet inter-ORB protocol) to call CORBA objects in the data store tier then to return the results to the user-interface tier. For the user-interface tier of either implementation, the Web browsers are served as clients to invoke application components or agents in the middleware. The application of the proposed distributed system allows clinical users to access, search and retrieve the multimedia information in any underlying computer systems with commonly used Web browsers. Preliminary results show that the system is effective for information integration and data sharing among the different departmental systems in the hospital for neuroimaging applications.

  13. Structural and Informal Knowledge Acquisition and Dissemination in Organizational Learning: An Exploratory Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoe, Siu Loon; McShane, Steven

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The topic of organizational learning is populated with many theories and models; many relate to the enduring organizational learning framework consisting of knowledge acquisition, knowledge dissemination, and knowledge use. However, most of the research either emphasizes structural knowledge acquisition and dissemination as a composite…

  14. Engendering Climate Information Networks in Africa: Case Studies of Digital and FM Radio for Disseminating Disaster Early Warnings to Women and Youth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stewart, M. M.; Pratt, M.

    2002-05-01

    This paper examines the effectiveness of FM and digital radio in disseminating weather and climate information to remote rural populations in Niger and Uganda. In Niger, poor communications infrastructure necessitated the establishment of a basic radio system as a first step towards disseminating climate information. Dissemination via digital radio is limited, in this context, by lack of technical support and the difficulty of maintaining computer equipment in the hot and dusty climate. Community FM stations have supported a range of mitigation activities that reduced vulnerability in all sites studied. Digital radio proved a more effective tool for disseminating climate information in Uganda, where technical knowledge is more prevalent and infrastructure networks are stronger. The primary challenge in Uganda lies in maintaining equipment in remote locations and disseminating information to a wider audience by linking with FM radio. Climate and weather information is already demonstrating positive impacts on agricultural production in Uganda, health and civil society in Niger, and on vulnerability reduction in both countries. Radio,particularly FM, was an excellent medium for disseminating information to women, youth, and other hard to reach populations. Discussion will focus on recommendations for improving the effectiveness of both systems and for practically linking FM and digital dissemination systems for better communication of climate information. Implications of the case studies will also be discussed in the context of digital and FM radio as media for disseminating other types of scientific information.

  15. Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination Program annual report for fiscal year 1996

    SciTech Connect

    1997-06-01

    The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 as a near-term effort to expand and accelerate the research needed to address the EMF issue. As required by this legislation, the EMF Interagency Committee, the National EMF Advisory Committee (NEMFAC), and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) are providing valued input and advice for the direction of this program. With this input and advice, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) have developed and are implementing five-year program plans. Multi-year health effects research projects and related EMF measurement and exposure assessment projects are underway using funds appropriated in fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 together with voluntary non-Federal contributions. The results of these research projects, along with the results of other EMF research, will be used as input to the hazard evaluation effort, which is the focus of the EMF RAPID Program. A coordinated interagency program is underway to communicate needed information on the EMF issue in a clear manner to the public and other decision makers.

  16. Communications System Architecture Development for Air Traffic Management and Aviation Weather Information Dissemination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallagher, Seana; Olson, Matt; Blythe, Doug; Heletz, Jacob; Hamilton, Griff; Kolb, Bill; Homans, Al; Zemrowski, Ken; Decker, Steve; Tegge, Cindy

    2000-01-01

    This document is the NASA AATT Task Order 24 Final Report. NASA Research Task Order 24 calls for the development of eleven distinct task reports. Each task was a necessary exercise in the development of comprehensive communications systems architecture (CSA) for air traffic management and aviation weather information dissemination for 2015, the definition of the interim architecture for 2007, and the transition plan to achieve the desired End State. The eleven tasks are summarized along with the associated Task Order reference. The output of each task was an individual task report. The task reports that make up the main body of this document include Task 5, Task 6, Task 7, Task 8, Task 10, and Task 11. The other tasks provide the supporting detail used in the development of the architecture. These reports are included in the appendices. The detailed user needs, functional communications requirements and engineering requirements associated with Tasks 1, 2, and 3 have been put into a relational database and are provided electronically.

  17. Technical assistance and information dissemination efforts at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Toth, W.J.; Engen, I.A.; Meltzer, F.L.

    1980-03-01

    Technical assistance and information dissemination performed by EG and G Idaho's Hydrothermal Commercialization Division (now Geothermal Program Office) at the INEL during FY-80 are described. Requests for technical information increased by one-third over the previous year, and tended to be more specific than previously. Requests for technical assistance generally involved larger projects than previously, and preparation of adequate responses required significantly more time. Information dissemination included 18 exhibits in 10 states plus the District of Columbia, with nearly 400,000 exposures. The work included development and production of major display hardware; preparation and production of a new edition of Rules of Thumb, a much-demanded brochure; and support of State Commercialization Teams by production of customized slide shows for 10 states plus additional support through bulk distribution of brochures and technical documentation on request.

  18. 48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

  19. 48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

  20. 48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

  1. Text Messaging as a Method for Health Ministry Leaders to Disseminate Cancer Information.

    PubMed

    Schoenberger, Yu-Mei M; Phillips, Janice M; Mohiuddin, M Omar

    2015-12-01

    Mobile phone-based interventions can play a significant role in decreasing health disparities by enhancing population and individual health. The purpose of this study was to explore health ministry leaders (HMLs) and congregation members' communication technology usage and to assess the acceptability of mobile technology for delivery of cancer information. Six focus groups were conducted in two urban African-American churches with trained HMLs (n?=?7) and congregation members (n?=?37) to determine mobile phone technology usage and identify barriers and facilitators to a mobile phone intervention. All participants were African-American, majority were female (80 % of HMLs; 73 % of congregation members), and the mean age was 54 (HMLs) and 41 (congregation members). All of the HMLs and 95 % of congregation members indicated owning a mobile phone. All HMLs reported sending/receiving text messages, whereas of the congregation members, 85 % sent and 91 % received text messages. The facilitators of a text messaging system mentioned by participants included alternative form of communication, quick method for disseminating information, and accessibility. The overall main barriers reported by both groups to using mobile technology include receiving multiple messages, difficulty texting, and cost. Ways to overcome barriers were explored with participants, and education was the most proposed solution. The findings from this study indicate that HMLs and congregation members are interested in receiving text messages to promote healthy lifestyles and cancer awareness. These findings represent the first step in the development of a mobile phone-based program designed to enhance the work of health ministry leaders. PMID:25355523

  2. The Strategy and Tactics of Information Warfare

    E-print Network

    Bishop, Matt

    , · The Strategy and Tactics of Information Warfare MATT BISHOP and EMILY O. GOLDMAN Over the last operations and warfare. Information technology, military leaders and intellectuals argue, can supplant, the information age in warfare represents a significant disjuncture with the past. Information technology, however

  3. Healthy Aging Promotion through Neuroscientific Information-Based Strategies

    PubMed Central

    Seinfeld, Sofia; Sanchez-Vives, Maria V.

    2015-01-01

    To ensure the well-being of a rapidly growing elderly population, it is fundamental to find strategies to foster healthy brain aging. With this intention, we designed a program of scientific-based lectures aimed at dissemination by established neuroscientists about brain function, brain plasticity and how lifestyle influences the brain. We also carried out a pilot study on the impact of the lectures on attendees. The objective was to provide information to elderly people in order to encourage them to identify unhealthy and healthy daily habits, and more importantly, to promote behavioral changes towards healthy brain aging. Here we report on our experience. In order to determine the impact of the lectures in the daily routine of the attendees, we asked them to fill out questionnaires. Preliminary results indicate that neuroscientific information-based strategies can be a useful method to have a positive impact on the lives of elderly, increase their awareness on how to improve brain function and promote positive lifestyle modifications. Furthermore, based on self-reported data, we also found that through this strategy it is possible to promote behavioral changes related to nutrition, sleep, and realization of physical and cognitively stimulating activities. Finally, based on the results obtained, the importance of promoting self-efficacy and the empowerment of the older populations is highlighted. PMID:26426029

  4. Disseminating good practice.

    PubMed

    Roush, Karen

    2015-09-01

    COMMUNICATION IS a core competency for nurse executives. Being able to write well and share this writing through publication is essential to disseminate information, engender support and share a vision. PMID:26308996

  5. The electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination (EMF-RAPID) program.

    PubMed

    Moulder, J E

    2000-05-01

    In the United States, public concern that exposure to power-line fields was linked to cancer led to the establishment of a Congressionally mandated program, the Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination (EMF-RAPID) Program. A major goal of the program was to "determine whether or not exposures to electric and magnetic fields produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electrical energy affect human health". Between 1994 and 1998, the EMF-RAPID program spent approximately $41 million on biological research. Much of the work funded by the EMF-RAPID program has not yet been published in the peer-reviewed literature. The U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) asked that Radiation Research publish this special issue in an attempt to remedy this publication gap. The issue includes reviews of studies that were done to assess the biological plausibility of claims that power-frequency fields caused leukemia and breast cancer. The issue continues with two teratology studies and one immunology study. The section of the issue covering in vitro studies begins with an overview of the efforts NIEHS made to replicate a wide range of reported effects of power-frequency fields and continues with four papers reporting the absence of effects of power-frequency fields on the expression of stress-response genes and oncogenes. Other reports of in vitro studies and studies of mechanisms cover cytotoxicity, gap junction intracellular communication, calcium ion transport across the plasma membrane, and intracellular electric fields. PMID:10790283

  6. Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating road hazard information using road side infrastructures in VANETs.

    PubMed

    Berlin, M A; Anand, Sheila

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating information about fixed road hazards such as road blocks, tree fall, boulders on road, snow pile up, landslide, road maintenance work and other obstacles to the vehicles approaching the hazardous location. The proposed work focuses on dissemination of hazard messages on highways with sparse traffic. The vehicle coming across the hazard would report the presence of the hazard. It is proposed to use Road Side fixed infrastructure Units for reliable and timely delivery of hazard messages to vehicles. The vehicles can then take appropriate safety action to avoid the hazardous location. The proposed protocol has been implemented and tested using SUMO simulator to generate road traffic and NS 2.33 network simulator to analyze the performance of DHRP. The performance of the proposed protocol was also compared with simple flooding protocol and the results are presented. PMID:24834371

  7. Title 44 and Federal Information Dissemination--A Technology and Policy Challenge for Congress: A Viewpoint.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Fred B.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the impact of technological change on those chapters of Title 44 of the "United States Code" that provide the statutory framework for the Government Printing Office, including document sales and depository library distribution. It is argued that legislative action is urgently needed to resolve dissemination issues and to set the…

  8. Towards an Informed Mexican and Mexican-American Citizenry: Bridging the Gap to Increase Human Capacity and Information Dissemination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramirez, M. D.; Ramirez, D. M.

    2008-12-01

    The research translation and community outreach goal of The University of Arizona's (UA) Superfund Basic Research Program and U.S.-Mexico Binational Center for Environmental Sciences and Toxicology is to increase human capacity and information dissemination to diverse stakeholders, including federal, state, and local government agencies as well as northern Mexican and border community stakeholders. Due to Arizona's demographic characteristics and the UA's proximity to the U.S. - Mexico border, activities target primarily Mexican and Mexican-American populations. With this in mind, a model has been established that pulls from human capital, community-based participatory research and public participation theories. The theories applied to our target population have resulted in the creation of a successful model that is used in both research translation and community outreach work. The model contains four components: community needs (participation), science translation (information), engagement (outreach), and training (education). Examples of how this model operates for various stakeholders involved in environmental science and health issues will be discussed. A case in point of how this model has been applied effectively is the partnership with promotoras (community health advocates) to do environmental science and health trainings to increase the knowledge base of specific populations disproportionately exposed to contaminants of concern. Additional case studies and methodologies used to develop innovative communicative tools (that takes into consideration cultural idiosyncrasies) for stakeholders at all levels in Arizona, the border, and Mexico will be highlighted, such as: 1) information sheets regarding local environmental issues for communities neighboring contaminated sites, 2) SciTransfer Bulletins targeting professional level stakeholders such as Project Managers, Community Involvement Coordinators and the general public, 3) coordinating technical and scientific workshops in the U.S and Mexico and 4) participating in local community events. Lessons learned and knowledge gained in the past three years will also be presented.

  9. Visual Information Strategies in Mental Model Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renk, Jeffrey M.; And Others

    This paper examines how visual information strategies may be used to facilitate the development of mental models. Topics covered include: definition of mental models; mental models and visual information; mental modeling concepts; power of modeling, including examples related to physical science, mathematics, writing, and depth of processing;…

  10. Naval Aviation Maintenance Office Information Strategy Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Halsey, P.J.; Busbee, M.E.; Miller, L.M.; Wills, J.W.; Woods, S.D.

    1990-06-01

    Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel, together with members of Naval Aviation Maintenance Office (NAMO), developed an Information Strategy Plan (ISP) using a combination of Information Engineering (IE) methodologies. The purpose of the ISP was to comprehensively and objectively analyze the information requirements of NAMO. The ISP activities began with structures interviews of the NAMO top level management to identify the information needs and functions crucial to the NAMO organization. Joint Applications Design (JAD) sessions were held with functional experts to further enhance what was learned during the interview cycle. The information gathered through interviews, JAD sessions, and survey of the current systems was used to develop the Strategic Plan and the deliverables of an ISP: the Information Architecture, Business Systems Architecture, and Technical Architecture. These architectures are detailed, along with the major findings, recommendations, strategies, and plans for implementing further stages of IE. 72 figs.

  11. NERC's Science Information Strategy - promoting information fusion across the Environmental Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thorley, M.; Thomas, D.; Brown, M.; Giles, J. R.

    2010-12-01

    The Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC) in the UK is responsible for funding environmental research in universities and running a number of research centres; such as the British Geological Survey. Data and information created by this research, and deposited by third parties, is managed by a number of environmental data centres for the purpose of preserving research outputs and promoting their re-use, re-purposing and information fusion. These data centres are: British Atmospheric Data Centre (http://badc.nerc.ac.uk) British Oceanographic Data Centre (http://bodc.nerc.ac.uk) Environmental Information Data Centre (http://eidc.nerc.ac.uk) National Geoscience Data Centre (http://ngdc.nerc.ac.uk) NERC Earth Observation Data Centre (http://neodc.nec.ac.uk) Polar Data Centre (http://pdc.anerc.ac.uk) The NERC Science Information Strategy (SIS) has been created to provide the framework for NERC to work more closely and effectively with its scientific communities in delivering data and information management services to support its 5 year science strategy, the Next Generation Science for Planet Earth. The strategy focuses on the continuing development of NERC’s information management processes and sets the context under which all of its science data and information activities will be carried out in the future. The anticipated benefits of the science information strategy that promote information fusion include: (1) Easier discovery and access to the data that underpin the objective scientific evidence; (2) A clear understanding of stakeholders' needs and aspirations; (3) A common understanding of the data of high value to NERC's mission and clear processes to ensure such data is ingested, managed and disseminated to the environmental science community; (4) Greater commonality of approach, development and sharing of infrastructure; leading to simpler information fusion; (5) A clear understanding of the intellectual property rights; and (6) Compliance with legislation such as INSPIRE which designed to promote information fusion across Europe. The science information strategy has been designed to make information easy to discover, freely available and in formats that the community requires for ready re-use, re-purposing and information fusion.

  12. Media Choice in Environmental Information Dissemination for Solid Waste Management among Policy Formulators and Implementors: A Case Study of Oyo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akintola, B. A.; Temowo, O. O.; Ajiboye, J. O.

    2009-01-01

    Environmental information has been described as central to the issues of solid waste management and disposal. This study investigated the availability and accessibility of environmental information to the solid waste policy formulators and implementors with regard to the media/channels used for disseminating environmental information to the…

  13. Using Induction to Refine Information Retrieval Strategies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baudin, Catherine; Pell, Barney; Kedar, Smadar

    1994-01-01

    Conceptual information retrieval systems use structured document indices, domain knowledge and a set of heuristic retrieval strategies to match user queries with a set of indices describing the document's content. Such retrieval strategies increase the set of relevant documents retrieved (increase recall), but at the expense of returning additional irrelevant documents (decrease precision). Usually in conceptual information retrieval systems this tradeoff is managed by hand and with difficulty. This paper discusses ways of managing this tradeoff by the application of standard induction algorithms to refine the retrieval strategies in an engineering design domain. We gathered examples of query/retrieval pairs during the system's operation using feedback from a user on the retrieved information. We then fed these examples to the induction algorithm and generated decision trees that refine the existing set of retrieval strategies. We found that (1) induction improved the precision on a set of queries generated by another user, without a significant loss in recall, and (2) in an interactive mode, the decision trees pointed out flaws in the retrieval and indexing knowledge and suggested ways to refine the retrieval strategies.

  14. Utilizing Information for Developing Corporate Strategy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shiina, Takeshi

    We now enter the era that Japanese enterprises have to make own decision on what they should do next as action leaders, since the time was over that they proceeded with their R & D just by following and learning lessons of success and failure produced by U.S. industries. Under this era information has been carrying more weight on corporate strategy and it has become important issue to utilize information how efficiently and effectively as data for judging critical decision matters. Focusing on this issue the author proposes three measures, i.e. enforcement of information gathering capacity, gathering of farsighted information, information processing based on the experiences through studying abroad and practices, and indicates five ways of information utilization such as construction of information network and application of a company history.

  15. Family Connections: Using Collaborative Partnerships to Support Dissemination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DePanfilis, Diane

    2015-01-01

    Spreading and sustaining evidence-informed practice in child welfare is complex. In particular, putting in place an active dissemination strategy requires the recognition of these unique challenges. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how collaborative partnerships between individuals and organizations may represent an opportunity for more…

  16. SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION--REVIEW OF SELECTED SYSTEMS AND A DESIGN FOR ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARIES. FINAL REPORT. ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARY IMPROVEMENT STUDIES (ATLIS), REPORT NO. 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BIVONA, WILLIAM A.

    THIS REPORT PRESENTS AN ANALYSIS OF OVER EIGHTEEN SMALL, INTERMEDIATE, AND LARGE SCALE SYSTEMS FOR THE SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION (SDI). SYSTEMS ARE COMPARED AND ANALYZED WITH RESPECT TO DESIGN CRITERIA AND THE FOLLOWING NINE SYSTEM PARAMETERS--(1) INFORMATION INPUT, (2) METHODS OF INDEXING AND ABSTRACTING, (3) USER INTEREST PROFILE…

  17. Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology

    SciTech Connect

    Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

    1983-10-01

    This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

  18. Integration and Dissemination of Citizen Reported and Seismically Derived Earthquake Information via Social

    E-print Network

    Gruchalla, Kenny

    : Twitter, micro-blogging, social network, citizen reporting, earthquake, hazard, geospatial-temporal data earthquake hazard information before scientific information has been published from authoritative sources [1

  19. The Selective Disseminator of Information (SDI): A New Role for the Librarian?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strehlow, T. H.

    This article describes the duties of a research librarian appointed to provide a comprehensive information service to the administration of an academic institution. Information, in the sense used here, refers to published information about other institutions and the outside world, not internal data on finance, staff, and students. The resultant…

  20. Disseminating an Effective Educational Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axelrod, Saul

    1992-01-01

    Reasons for the failure to adopt behavior-analytic teaching strategies include the perception that behavior analysis is coercive and controlling, difficulties in implementation, university factors, and marketing problems. The goal of dissemination of these strategies could be met through creating motivational conditions and devising marketing…

  1. Phenotypic assortment in wild primate networks: implications for the dissemination of information.

    PubMed

    Carter, Alecia J; Lee, Alexander E G; Marshall, Harry H; Ticó, Miquel Torrents; Cowlishaw, Guy

    2015-05-01

    Individuals' access to social information can depend on their social network. Homophily-a preference to associate with similar phenotypes-may cause assortment within social networks that could preclude information transfer from individuals who generate information to those who would benefit from acquiring it. Thus, understanding phenotypic assortment may lead to a greater understanding of the factors that could limit the transfer of information between individuals. We tested whether there was assortment in wild baboon (Papio ursinus) networks, using data collected from two troops over 6 years for six phenotypic traits-boldness, age, dominance rank, sex and the propensity to generate/exploit information-using two methods for defining a connection between individuals-time spent in proximity and grooming. Our analysis indicated that assortment was more common in grooming than proximity networks. In general, there was homophily for boldness, age, rank and the propensity to both generate and exploit information, but heterophily for sex. However, there was considerable variability both between troops and years. The patterns of homophily we observed for these phenotypes may impede information transfer between them. However, the inconsistency in the strength of assortment between troops and years suggests that the limitations to information flow may be quite variable. PMID:26064652

  2. Selecting Exemplary Compensatory Education Projects for Dissemination Via Project Information Packages. Report No. UR-242.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foat, Classie M.

    This report is the third technical report submitted to the U. S. Office of Education in connection with a study the overall purpose of which was to choose up to eight successful education programs serving underachieving, poor children and to design "Project Information Packages" for each of them. These Project Information Packages were to serve as…

  3. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions of the Act, Executive Order 12196... furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the following items: (1) Details of...) Relevant information about any agency safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not...

  4. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions of the Act, Executive Order 12196... furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the following items: (1) Details of...) Relevant information about any agency safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not...

  5. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions of the Act, Executive Order 12196... furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the following items: (1) Details of...) Relevant information about any agency safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not...

  6. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions of the Act, Executive Order 12196... furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the following items: (1) Details of...) Relevant information about any agency safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not...

  7. 29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... establishment, and keep posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions of the Act, Executive Order 12196... furnish the core text of a poster to agencies. Each agency shall add the following items: (1) Details of...) Relevant information about any agency safety and health committees. Such posters and additions shall not...

  8. AutoCast: An Adaptive Data Dissemination Protocol for Traffic Information Systems

    E-print Network

    Fekete, Sándor P.

    of peers as autonomous wireless network nodes. Nodes communicate events like traffic accidents in a local dissemi- nation is a decentralized traffic information system called AutoNomos. Here cars cooperate as the generation of the traffic information is based solely on car to car communication without additional

  9. Phenotypic assortment in wild primate networks: implications for the dissemination of information

    PubMed Central

    Carter, Alecia J.; Lee, Alexander E. G.; Marshall, Harry H.; Ticó, Miquel Torrents; Cowlishaw, Guy

    2015-01-01

    Individuals' access to social information can depend on their social network. Homophily—a preference to associate with similar phenotypes—may cause assortment within social networks that could preclude information transfer from individuals who generate information to those who would benefit from acquiring it. Thus, understanding phenotypic assortment may lead to a greater understanding of the factors that could limit the transfer of information between individuals. We tested whether there was assortment in wild baboon (Papio ursinus) networks, using data collected from two troops over 6 years for six phenotypic traits—boldness, age, dominance rank, sex and the propensity to generate/exploit information—using two methods for defining a connection between individuals—time spent in proximity and grooming. Our analysis indicated that assortment was more common in grooming than proximity networks. In general, there was homophily for boldness, age, rank and the propensity to both generate and exploit information, but heterophily for sex. However, there was considerable variability both between troops and years. The patterns of homophily we observed for these phenotypes may impede information transfer between them. However, the inconsistency in the strength of assortment between troops and years suggests that the limitations to information flow may be quite variable. PMID:26064652

  10. 75 FR 41553 - Report to Congress on Abnormal Occurrences Fiscal Year 2009; Dissemination of Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-16

    ... patient informed the authorized user that she was pregnant. The administration of iodine-131 was given to... instructions to its staff to strongly emphasize to patients the risks associated with being pregnant prior...

  11. Dissemination of public health information: key tools utilised by the NECOBELAC network in Europe and Latin America

    PubMed Central

    De Castro, Paola; Marsili, Daniela; Poltronieri, Elisabetta; Calderón, Carlos Agudelo

    2012-01-01

    Background Open Access (OA) to scientific information is an important step forward in communication patterns, yet we still need to reinforce OA principles to promote a cultural change of traditional publishing practices. The advantages of free access to scientific information are even more evident in public health where knowledge is directly associated with human wellbeing. Objectives An OA ‘consolidation’ initiative in public health is presented to show how the involvement of people and institutions is fundamental to create awareness on OA and promote a cultural change. This initiative is developed within the project NEtwork of COllaboration Between Europe and Latin American Caribbean countries (NECOBELAC), financed by the European Commission. Methods Three actions are envisaged: Capacity building through a flexible and sustainable training programme on scientific writing and OA publishing; creation of training tools based on semantic web technologies; development of a network of supporting institutions. Results In 2010–2011, 23 training initiatives were performed involving 856 participants from 15 countries; topic maps on scientific publication and OA were produced; 195 institutions are included in the network. Conclusions Cultural change in scientific dissemination practices is a long process requiring a flexible approach and strong commitment by all stakeholders. PMID:22630360

  12. Present conditions on the dissemination of Japanese scientific and technical information to the U.S.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimura, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Tomohiko

    Present conditions concerning distribution of Japanese scientific and technical information to the U.S. are surveyed for promoting international distribution of it. The investigation, focusing on Japanese gray literature, is carried out into distribution to foreign countries, utilization/demand/difficulty to obtain in the U.S., and etc., through interviews and questionnaire surveys to researchers and librarians in Japan and the U.S. It is pointed out the needs to improve accessibility for Japanese technical reports, doctral dissertations, and technical bulletins/newsletters, and necessity to arrange conditions of distribution to the U.S. by increasing directory information and reducing language barrier between both countries.

  13. A Context-Aware Paradigm for Information Discovery and Dissemination in Mobile Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundquist, Doug

    2011-01-01

    The increasing power and ubiquity of mobile wireless devices is enabling real-time information delivery for many diverse applications. A crucial question is how to allocate finite network resources efficiently and fairly despite the uncertainty common in highly dynamic mobile ad hoc networks. We propose a set of routing protocols, Self-Balancing…

  14. Electronic and Courier Methods of Information Dissemination: A Test of Accuracy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeWine, Sue; And Others

    As part of a larger endeavor to evaluate the impact of communication technology on organizations, this study assesses the accuracy of information diffusion via electronic-mail and courier-mail systems in two large organizations which have implemented electronic-mail systems in the last three years. Data were obtained through the use of…

  15. Evaluation of Television as a Method of Disseminating Solar Energy Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edington, Everett D.; And Others

    This project included three separate studies undertaken to determine the effectiveness of television instruction as a method of effectively delivering information about solar energy systems to present and future workers in related industries, and as a method of delivery for adult continuing education instruction. All three studies used a series of…

  16. Dissemination of Medical Information: Organizational and Technological Issues in Health Sciences Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roderer, Nancy K.

    1993-01-01

    Describes five programs that have been significant to the evolution of biomedical communications in health sciences libraries over the last twenty years: the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM); Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS); National Research and Education Network (NREN); Unified Medical Language System…

  17. 12 CFR 4.37 - Persons and entities with access to OCC information; prohibition on dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... use in the performance of OCC duties. (2) Duty of person served. Any current or former OCC employee or..., director, employee, attorney, auditor, or independent auditor. A national bank or holding company or a... necessary, in the performance of their official duties. All non-public OCC information made...

  18. Electronic Communication in Africa--the Promotion of Animal Health Information Dissemination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Westhuizen, Erica E.; Miller, E. Stan

    1995-01-01

    Discusses how the Veterinary Science Library at the University of Pretoria (South Africa) promotes electronic communication through various Internet and other network links. Provides a sample of online information sources available to veterinary teams and animal health workers, and a list of electronic addresses for South African libraries and…

  19. 75 FR 75207 - Regulation SBSR-Reporting and Dissemination of Security-Based Swap Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-02

    ...Experiment on Corporate Bonds, Rev. of Fin. Stud., Vol. 20, Issue 4, at 235-273...with Negotiated Trades, Rev. of Fin. Stud., Vol. 2, Issue 4, at 873-900...of Trading Information, Rev. of Fin. Stud., Vol. 8, Issue 3, at...

  20. Facilitating the Collection and Dissemination of Information to Parents of Children in a Child Care Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Armas, Maria P.

    To improve conditions at a nonprofit day care center serving low-income, mainly non-English-speaking families, this practicum addressed the need of recently immigrated parents to increase their knowledge of child development and available community resources. A total of 52 Hispanic parents were given materials at an information distribution area…

  1. 42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...benefits. (3) Cost-sharing. A description...more information on cost-sharing requirements, including...applicable to each drug (or class of drugs...preferred or tiered cost-sharing status of a Part D drug on its Part D...

  2. 42 CFR 423.128 - Dissemination of Part D plan information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...benefits. (3) Cost-sharing. A description...more information on cost-sharing requirements, including...applicable to each drug (or class of drugs...preferred or tiered cost-sharing status of a Part D drug on its Part D...

  3. Development of an integrated application portal for environmental spatial information dissemination in the Nestos river basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zalidis, George; Karapetsas, Nikolaos; Skoulikaris, Charalampos; Misopolinos, Lazaros; Manesis, Charalampos

    2013-08-01

    Water resources management is a comprehensive planning process dimensioning all water related components. With this in mind, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires reliable and continuous water monitoring and collection of qualitative information in order to support decision making concerning water pollution events, focusing primarily on civil protection. The present research study initiates the coupling of water quality - quantity monitoring techniques and telemetric systems with geographic information system (GIS) based map server technologies for the near real time warning about potential water pollution events. The study is being implemented in the Greek part of the transboundary Nestos river basin and forms part of the Bulgarian and Greek European Territorial Cooperation Programme 2007-2013. The aim of this partnership is to develop an operational supportive mechanism for the Competent Authorities of water management in both countries in order to facilitate the planning and implementation of sustainable water management along with civil protection.

  4. Dissemination of information about the technologies of the Vision Research Lab through the World Wide Web

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dorais, Christopher M.

    2004-01-01

    The Vision Research Lab at NASA John Glenn Research Center is headed by Dr. Rafat Ansari. Dr. Ansari and other researchers have developed technologies that primarily use laser and fiber optics to non-invasively detect different ailments and diseases of the eye. One of my goals as a LERCIP intern and ACCESS scholar for the 2004 summer is to inform other NASA employees, researchers and the general public about these technologies through the development of a website. The website incorporates the theme that the eye is a window to the body. Thus by investigating the processes of the eye, we can better understand and diagnosis different ailments and diseases. These ailments occur in not only earth bound humans, but astronauts as well as a result of exposure to elevated levels of radiation and microgravity conditions. Thus the technologies being developed at the Vision Research Lab are invaluable to humans on Earth in addition to those astronauts in space. One of my first goals was to research the technologies being developed at the lab. The first several days were spent immersing myself in the various articles, journals and reports about the theories behind Dynamic Light Scattering, Laser Doppler Flowmetry, Autofluoresence, Raman Spectroscopy, Polarimetry and Oximetry. Interviews with the other researchers proved invaluable to help understand these theories as well gain hands on experience with the devices being developed using these technologies. The rest of the Vision Research Team and I sat down and discussed how the overall website should be presented. Combining this information with the knowledge of the theories and applications of the hardware being developed, I worked out different ideas to present this information. I quickly learned Paint Shop Pro 8 and FrontPage 2002, as well as using online tutorials and other resources to help design an effective website. The Vision Research Lab website incorporates the anatomy and physiology of the eye, different diseases that affect the eye and the technologies being develop at the lab to help diagnosis these diseases. It also includes background information on Dr. Ansari as well as other researchers involved in the lab and it includes segments on patents, awards and achievements. There are links to help viewers navigate to internal and external websites to further investigate different ideas and hrther understand the implications of these technologies at being developed.

  5. Information Design and Strategy Program Advisers and Contributing Faculty

    E-print Network

    Ottino, Julio M.

    , Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Iowa State University Josh Grau Director, Brand StrategyInformation Design and Strategy Program Advisers and Contributing Faculty Faisal Akkawi Executive Eric Patrick Associate Professor, Radio/Television/Film, School of Communication, Northwestern

  6. General and Efficient Strategies for Information Retrieval Suresh K. Bhavnani

    E-print Network

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    information retrieval strategies that are useful across many IR systems, and (2) can be used to identify keyGeneral and Efficient Strategies for Information Retrieval Suresh K. Bhavnani School of Information retrieval (IR) systems such as search engines and library catalogues, we present a unified framework

  7. Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) Project: Dissemination of Weather Information for the Reduction of Aviation Weather-Related Accident Causal Factors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jarrell, Michael; Tanger, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) is part of the Weather Accident Prevention (WxAP) Project, which is part of the NASA's Aviation Safety and Security Program. The goals of WINCOMM are to facilitate the exchange of tactical and strategic weather information between air and ground. This viewgraph presentation provides information on data link decision factors, architectures, validation goals. WINCOMM is capable of providing en-route communication air-to-ground, ground-to-air, and air-to-air, even on international or intercontinental flights. The presentation also includes information on the capacity, cost, and development of data links.

  8. Direct application of west coast geothermal resources in a wet corn milling plant supplementary analyses and information dissemination. Final report, addendum

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-03-19

    In an extension to the scope of the previous studies, supplementary analyses were to be performed for both plants which would assess the economics of geothermal energy if coal had been the primary fuel rather than oil and gas. The studies include: supplementary analysis for a coal fired wet corn milling plant, supplementary analysis for an East Coast frozen food plant with coal fired boilers, and information dissemination activities.

  9. Informed Momentum Trading versus Uninformed "Naive" Investors Strategies

    E-print Network

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    Informed Momentum Trading versus Uninformed "Naive" Investors Strategies Anurag Banerjee and Chi a random portfolio allocation strategy. We then compare the returns of the momentum strate- gist of the momentum strategies are close to zero (the score of the median) and statistically insigni cant over

  10. Information Services Audio-Visual Strategy 2015 2018

    E-print Network

    Kent, University of

    Information Services Audio-Visual Strategy 2015 ­ 2018 (Learning and Teaching) Context requirements and through the monitoring of technology advances help shape longer term requirements to support supports the following Information Services strategic aims2 : Environment - We offer modern, technology

  11. Federal Mechanisms to Support Intervention Dissemination.

    PubMed

    Diana, Augusto; Bennett, Nicole

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines federal mechanisms that support program developers and researchers in disseminating effective interventions for public benefit. The purpose of this paper is not to discuss the dissemination of intervention research (i.e., how to inform stakeholders about research findings), nor is it intended to discuss the research of intervention dissemination (i.e., what is the best approach to disseminate an intervention). Rather, the paper discusses the challenges specific to finding pathways to disseminate an intervention and describes federal opportunities to support intervention dissemination. Three specific mechanisms are discussed: Federal Registries of Evidence-Based Programs, the Tiered Evidence Grant Programs, and the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) and the Small Technology Transfer Research (STTR) programs. The article presents some limitations associated with federal mechanisms for dissemination of effective interventions, but is intended to highlight current and future opportunities they may offer. PMID:26375192

  12. University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies

  13. Patterns between Interactive Intentions and Information-Seeking Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Hong (Iris)

    2002-01-01

    Discusses information retrieval system design that supports various information-seeking strategies. Describes a study that investigated the relationship between users' information-seeking goals and their information-seeking behavior to specify hierarchical levels of user goals, and discusses results that focus on patterns of interactive intentions…

  14. Media Analysis of Early Dissemination of Canadian Child Maltreatment Surveillance Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tonmyr, Lil; Jack, Susan

    2010-01-01

    A media strategy was developed to disseminate Canadian child maltreatment surveillance data. Print media were systematically searched and 29 articles reporting on the data were retrieved. Using content analysis, the articles were analyzed to assess informational accuracy and to understand how the media framed the issue of maltreatment. This…

  15. Shifts of Interactive Intentions and Information-Seeking Strategies in Interactive Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Hong (Iris)

    2000-01-01

    Discusses information-seeking strategies in information retrieval systems, including Web search engines, and focuses on an in-depth investigation of shifts in the micro-level of user goals, namely interactive intention and information-seeking strategies. Discusses implications of the results for the design of adaptive information retrieval…

  16. Frequently Asked Questions NOT-CA-06-019: Administrative Supplements for Dissemination of Surveillance Research - National Cancer Institute - Cancer Control and Population Sciences

    Cancer.gov

    The instructions detail the dissemination and evaluation plan needs to be informed by dissemination theories and include process measures tracking dissemination plan components. Where can I find more information about dissemination theories?

  17. Opportunities and Constraints in Disseminating Qualitative Research in Web 2.0 Virtual Environments.

    PubMed

    Hays, Charles A; Spiers, Judith A; Paterson, Barbara

    2015-11-01

    The Web 2.0 digital environment is revolutionizing how users communicate and relate to each other, and how information is shared, created, and recreated within user communities. The social media technologies in the Web 2.0 digital ecosystem are fundamentally changing the opportunities and dangers in disseminating qualitative health research. The social changes influenced by digital innovations shift dissemination from passive consumption to user-centered, apomediated cooperative approaches, the features of which are underutilized by many qualitative researchers. We identify opportunities new digital media presents for knowledge dissemination activities including access to wider audiences with few gatekeeper constraints, new perspectives, and symbiotic relationships between researchers and users. We also address some of the challenges in embracing these technologies including lack of control, potential for unethical co-optation of work, and cyberbullying. Finally, we offer solutions to enhance research dissemination in sustainable, ethical, and effective strategies. PMID:25870449

  18. Information Literacy: Search Strategies, Tools & Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ercegovac, Zorana

    This book was created to teach information literacy. It takes a user-centered perspective in using information technology as a tool to accomplish a variety of tasks and is divided into a series of nine interrelated yet independent chapters. Chapter 1 is an introduction to basic concepts, focusing on fundamental models of information sources and…

  19. Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

    In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

  20. Designing a Public Web-Based Information System to Illustrate and Disseminate the Development and Results of the DESIRE Project to Combat Desertification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Geeson, Nichola; Brandt, Jane; Quaranta, Giovanni; Salvia, Rosanna

    2014-11-01

    Until around 1995 it was challenging to make the scientific results of research projects publicly available except through presentations at meetings or conferences, or as papers in academic journals. Then it began to be clear that the Internet could become the main medium to publish and share new information with a much wider audience. The DESIRE Project (desertification mitigation and remediation of land—a global approach for local solutions) has built on expertise gained in previous projects to develop an innovative online `Harmonized Information System' (HIS). This documents the context, delivery and evaluation of all tasks in the DESIRE Project using non-scientific terminology, with much of it also available in the local languages of the study sites. The DESIRE-HIS makes use of new possibilities for communication, including video clips, interactive tools, and links to social media networks such as Twitter. Dissemination of research results using this approach has required careful planning and design. This paper sets out the steps that have culminated in a complete online Information System about local solutions to global land management problems in desertification-affected areas, including many practical guidelines for responsible land management. As many of those who are affected by desertification do not have Internet access, printable dissemination materials are also available on the DESIRE-HIS.

  1. A Combined Pictorial Mnemonic Strategy for Ordered Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Joel R.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Investigates the potential of a keyword method extension to determine if it can be effectively combined with other mnemonic strategies that are designed to facilitate coding of numerically ordered information. Twenty references are listed. (MER)

  2. Dissemination Activities Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barclay, Hanna; Batatia, Hudj; Bauters, Merja; Ben Ami, Zvi; Drachman, Raul; Flouris, Giorgos; Jadin, Tanja; Jalonen, Satu; Karlgren, Klas; Karpati, Andrea; Kotzinos, Dimitris; Lakkala, Minna; Lallimo, Jiri; Moen, Anne; Nygard, Kathrine; Paavola, Sami; Padiglia, Sheila; Scapolla, Marina; Sins, Patrick; Vasileva, Tania

    2008-01-01

    In the first 24 months of the project, KP-Lab members were highly dedicated to dissemination and were engaged in various dissemination activities that contributed to the prime objective of the KP-Lab dissemination efforts which is "to make the project widely known to a variety of prospective users and, at a later stage, to promote the…

  3. The Effectiveness of Selected Dissemination Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, David W.; Johnson, Russell H.

    1981-01-01

    The dissemination activities through which college admissions officers heard about Project CHOICE, a three-year project to help colleges improve the information they provided to prospective students, were investigated. The study involved determining how well various dissemination methods (newsletter, journal articles, conference presentations,…

  4. 14 CFR 1203.303 - Dissemination considerations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Dissemination considerations. 1203.303 Section 1203.303 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM Classification Principles and Considerations § 1203.303 Dissemination considerations. The...

  5. 14 CFR 1203.303 - Dissemination considerations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Dissemination considerations. 1203.303 Section 1203.303 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM Classification Principles and Considerations § 1203.303 Dissemination considerations. The...

  6. 14 CFR 1203.303 - Dissemination considerations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Dissemination considerations. 1203.303 Section 1203.303 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM Classification Principles and Considerations § 1203.303 Dissemination considerations. The...

  7. 14 CFR 1203.303 - Dissemination considerations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Dissemination considerations. 1203.303 Section 1203.303 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM Classification Principles and Considerations § 1203.303 Dissemination considerations. The...

  8. Federal Mechanisms to Support Intervention Dissemination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diana, Augusto; Bennett, Nicole

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines federal mechanisms that support program developers and researchers in disseminating effective interventions for public benefit. The purpose of this paper is not to discuss the dissemination of intervention research (i.e., how to inform stakeholders about research findings), nor is it intended to discuss the research of…

  9. Evaluating Information Presentation Strategies for Spoken Recommendations 

    E-print Network

    Winterboer, Andi; Moore, Johanna D.

    2007-01-01

    We report the results of a Wizard-of-Oz (WoZ) study comparing two approaches to presenting information in a spoken dialogue system generating flight recommendations. We found that recommendations presented using the user-model based summarize...

  10. Vertical Integration: Corporate Strategy in the Information Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davenport, Lizzie; Cronin, Blaise

    1986-01-01

    Profiles the corporate strategies of three sectors of the information industry and the trend toward consolidation in electronic publishing. Three companies' acquisitions are examined in detail using qualitative data from information industry columns and interpreting it on the basis of game theory. (EM)

  11. Strategies for finding government information by older people

    E-print Network

    Curzon, Paul

    Strategies for finding government information by older people Paul Curzon, Suzette Keith, Gill for finding government information by older people Paul Curzon, Suzette Keith, Gill Whitney, Judy Wilson, replacing existing methods. They also give accessibility a high priority. Older people are a major user

  12. Developing Broader Impacts Activities through Informal STEM Education Collaborations and Strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, James

    2015-03-01

    With the National Science Foundation and other funding agencies' renewed emphasis on broader impacts merit criterion in proposals, investigators and directors of education, outreach and engagement are challenged to identify, plan and implement innovative and transformative activities that engage a variety of audiences in the broader impacts of scientific research. These activities are also often required to have an evaluation plan for assessing the effectiveness of the strategies employed to achieve learning goals or other intended impacts. One approach to developing such plans is to partner with an informal science education institution, program, project or individual to create exhibits, media or programming that will convey the scientific concepts and processes involved in research and engage students and public audiences in appreciation for, and understanding of same. A growing body of evidence -based knowledge about what works for whom and under what conditions in fostering science learning and literacy in informal settings, as well as an expanding network of informal science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education professionals provide researchers, graduate students and staff resources to tap into as they consider their broader impacts directions. Web infrastructure like the informalscience.org website and others offer aggregated, vetted, and searchable examples of successful partnerships and strategies, as well as access to a community of colleagues working at the nexus of scientific research and informal education for further exploration. Through heightened awareness, stronger connectivity and a growing repository of knowledge, projects like the Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE) hope to support and disseminate the results of efforts that are enhancing the quality and visibility of broader impacts activities in whatever form they take.

  13. Strategies for successful clinical information system selection.

    PubMed

    Staggers, N; Repko, K B

    1996-01-01

    The CIS market is volatile. With consumer pressure to develop and the current interest in CISs, clinicians recommended reassessing the market again in 18 months. Even without fully mature systems, there are foundational CISs available on the market. Strategies for successful CIS selections are many: Decide to be a developer or buyer early in the process. Entering into a long-term relationship with a vendor to develop customized capabilities will mandate different requirements than purchasing a ready-to-use system. Use a systematic method for evaluating systems, preferably multimethod. Force structure into the evaluation process with vendors, especially for the system demonstration. Structure will ensure that each system function, or lack of function, is exposed and assessed and will allow for consistent and fair evaluations across vendors. Make the vendor commit to distinguishing between existing and proposed functions during system demonstrations. Often, vendors promise the very functions you want to be in the next release. Most vendors will cooperate with structured schedules. However, some vendors may resist structure because it interferes with marketing strategies. If, despite requests for specific materials and schedules, vendors fill the time with unsolicited material, ask yourself why and beware: they may not have the functions you requested. Use a brief clinical scenario as a preview into system functions, integration, and system usability. Ask vendors for conceptual models of system functional and technical architecture. Use an interdisciplinary team. Focus subgroups in specialty areas for efficiency and effectiveness in evaluation. Consider tape-recording the joint group sessions for later confirmation or analysis. Consider application integration as one of the major requirements for future CISs, especially between ambulatory and inpatient arenas. PMID:8681206

  14. Intelligent Agents: Information Strategies for the Information Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia-Sierra, A. J.

    In the workplace of today which is increasingly being overloaded with information, the concept of intelligent information agents has been widely prescribed. This paper briefly looks at the United Kingdom Government's Information Society Initiative which has been fueled by the realization that information is the key component of the ongoing…

  15. Strategies for Change in Information Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hug, William E., Ed.

    Part 1 of this two-part book examines "the subtle and ubiquitous nature of change." The purpose of the first group of readings is twofold. First, the works of Wasserman, Meadow, McAnally and Downs, Pettinger and Zapol, and Steere comment and report on needs, obstructions, and futures of many aspects of library-media-information programs and…

  16. Community dissemination and genetic research: moving beyond results reporting.

    PubMed

    Trinidad, Susan Brown; Ludman, Evette J; Hopkins, Scarlett; James, Rosalina D; Hoeft, Theresa J; Kinegak, Annie; Lupie, Henry; Kinegak, Ralph; Boyer, Bert B; Burke, Wylie

    2015-07-01

    The community-based participatory research (CBPR) literature notes that researchers should share study results with communities. In the case of human genetic research, results may be scientifically interesting but lack clinical relevance. The goals of this study were to learn what kinds of information community members want to receive about genetic research and how such information should be conveyed. We conducted eight focus group discussions with Yup'ik Alaska Native people in southwest Alaska (N?=?60) and 6 (N?=?61) with members of a large health maintenance organization in Seattle, Washington. Participants wanted to receive genetic information they "could do something about" and wanted clinically actionable information to be shared with their healthcare providers; they also wanted researchers to share knowledge about other topics of importance to the community. Although Alaska Native participants were generally less familiar with western scientific terms and less interested in web-based information sources, the main findings were the same in Alaska and Seattle: participants wished for ongoing dialogue, including opportunities for informal, small-group conversations, and receiving information that had local relevance. Effective community dissemination is more than a matter of presenting study results in lay language. Community members should be involved in both defining culturally appropriate communication strategies and in determining which information should be shared. Reframing dissemination as a two-way dialogue, rather than a one-way broadcast, supports the twin aims of advancing scientific knowledge and achieving community benefit. PMID:25900516

  17. Real-time dissemination of air quality information using data streams and Web technologies: linking air quality to health risks in urban areas.

    PubMed

    Davila, Silvije; Ili?, Jadranka Pe?ar; Bešli?, Ivan

    2015-06-01

    This article presents a new, original application of modern information and communication technology to provide effective real-time dissemination of air quality information and related health risks to the general public. Our on-line subsystem for urban real-time air quality monitoring is a crucial component of a more comprehensive integrated information system, which has been developed by the Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health. It relies on a StreamInsight data stream management system and service-oriented architecture to process data streamed from seven monitoring stations across Zagreb. Parameters that are monitored include gases (NO, NO2, CO, O3, H2S, SO2, benzene, NH3), particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), and meteorological data (wind speed and direction, temperature and pressure). Streamed data are processed in real-time using complex continuous queries. They first go through automated validation, then hourly air quality index is calculated for every station, and a report sent to the Croatian Environment Agency. If the parameter values exceed the corresponding regulation limits for three consecutive hours, the web service generates an alert for population groups at risk. Coupled with the Common Air Quality Index model, our web application brings air pollution information closer to the general population and raises awareness about environmental and health issues. Soon we intend to expand the service to a mobile application that is being developed. PMID:26110480

  18. Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

    1993-01-01

    Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

  19. Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

  20. 35 Strategies for Guiding Readers through Informational Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Barbara; Loh, Virginia S.

    2010-01-01

    This practical guide presents inspiring, research-based activities for teaching students in grades K-12 how to read and think critically about informational texts. With five essential types of strategies, seasoned and preservice teachers learn ways to help students select engaging, challenging reading materials; develop their knowledge of history,…

  1. Six Strategies for Beating the Competition for Information Technology Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pernal, Michael

    1999-01-01

    Connecticut State University has achieved success in recruiting and retaining information technology (IT) workers through six strategies: modifying the administrative structure to make positions and salaries more attractive; grooming students for IT positions; promoting benefits of university employment; transferring state civil-service employees;…

  2. 77 FR 11120 - Scientific Information Request on Treatment Strategies for Patients With Peripheral Artery...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-24

    ...Scientific Information Request on Treatment Strategies for Patients...AHRQ), HHS. ACTION: Request for scientific information...through public information requests, including via the...studies that report on treatment strategies for...

  3. What information strategy responding to social needs should be?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujii, Kunihiko

    With the contemporary social phenomena that people think much of diversity of value, they are concerned with differentiation from others. Consumers' tendency to seek unique goods is common to all, giving impetus to makers' attitude that they try to produce varieties of goods but small amount for each. Consequently, life cycle of goods has become smaller than ever, and rapid and creative information gathering and utilization have become essential when makers produce goods responding to consumers' need. The author discusses how information strategy should be worked in the comprehensive business activities, and how information should be located as the powerful management resource.

  4. Final report. Geothermal Energy Program: Information dissemination, public outreach, and technical analysis activities. April 1, 1999 to December 31, 2001. USDOE Grant No. DE-FG01-99-EE35098

    SciTech Connect

    Lund, John W.

    2002-03-22

    This is the final report of the accomplishments of the geothermal energy program: information dissemination, public outreach, and technical analysis activities by the project team consisting of the Geo-Heat Center, Geothermal Resources Council, Geothermal Education Office, Geothermal Energy Association, and the Washington State University Energy Program.

  5. Finland's strategy and implementation of citizens' access to health information.

    PubMed

    Ruotsalainen, Pekka; Iivari, Anna-Kaisa; Doupi, Persephone

    2008-01-01

    The strategy for utilizing information technology in the field of social welfare and health care in Finland was published in 1996. It was redefined in the year 2006. This updated strategy defined basic principles how digitized EHRs should be stored, accessed, disclosed and archived. The strategy together with new legislation opened the right to patients and citizens to access their own EHRs, ePrescriptions and audit-logs via the Internet. A national WEB-service platform forms the base for both public and private eHealth applications. National identification and PKI-services cover health professionals, patients and entities. Citizen's consent management is provided at national level. The access to personal health information is managed using rules derived from legislation. The roll-out of the national health information infrastructure with citizen access to personal health information should by law be finalized before the end of 2011. The implementation of the NHII is demanding, but the real challenge is to clearly understand what the impacts of citizen access to personal health information are and to what direction this kind of services should be developed. At the present state, the Finnish EHR-archive contains only information created by a health professional. Citizens' eHealth services can not be limited to the use of regulated EHR data and ePrescriptions. For health promotion, proactive prevention and health prediction more comprehensive information is needed. Therefore the next step is to develop legislation and to build a trusted environment for the use and access of heterogeneous health and welfare information. PMID:18560100

  6. Examination of the mass media process and personal factors affecting the assessment of mass media-disseminated health information.

    PubMed

    Avc?, Kadriye; Çak?r, Tülin; Av?ar, Zakir; Üzel Ta?, Hanife

    2015-06-01

    This study examined the mass media and personal characteristics leading to health communication inequality as well as the role of certain factors in health communication's mass media process. Using both sociodemographic variables and Maletzke's model as a basis, we investigated the relationship between selected components of the mass communication process, the receiving of reliable health information as a result of health communication, and the condition of its use. The study involved 1853 people in Turkey and was structured in two parts. The first part dealt with questions regarding sociodemographic characteristics, the use of the mass media and the public's ability to obtain health information from it, the public's perception of the trustworthiness of health information, and the state of translating this information into health-promoting behaviours. In the second part, questions related to the mass communication process were posed using a five-point Likert scale. This section tried to establish structural equation modelling using the judgements prepared on the basis of the mass media model. Through this study, it has been observed that sociodemographic factors such as education and age affect individuals' use of and access to communication channels; individuals' trust in and selection of health information from the programme content and their changing health behaviours (as a result of the health information) are related to both their perception of the mass communication process and to sociodemographic factors, but are more strongly related to the former. PMID:25002272

  7. Evidence-informed recommendations to reduce dissemination bias in clinical research: conclusions from the OPEN (Overcome failure to Publish nEgative fiNdings) project based on an international consensus meeting

    PubMed Central

    Meerpohl, Joerg J; Schell, Lisa K; Bassler, Dirk; Gallus, Silvano; Kleijnen, Jos; Kulig, Michael; La Vecchia, Carlo; Maruši?, Ana; Ravaud, Philippe; Reis, Andreas; Schmucker, Christine; Strech, Daniel; Urrútia, Gerard; Antes, Gerd

    2015-01-01

    Background Dissemination bias in clinical research severely impedes informed decision-making not only for healthcare professionals and patients, but also for funders, research ethics committees, regulatory bodies and other stakeholder groups that make health-related decisions. Decisions based on incomplete and biased evidence cannot only harm people, but may also have huge financial implications by wasting resources on ineffective or harmful diagnostic and therapeutic measures, and unnecessary research. Owing to involvement of multiple stakeholders, it remains easy for any single group to assign responsibility for resolving the problem to others. Objective To develop evidence-informed general and targeted recommendations addressing the various stakeholders involved in knowledge generation and dissemination to help overcome the problem of dissemination bias on the basis of previously collated evidence. Methods Based on findings from systematic reviews, document analyses and surveys, we developed general and targeted draft recommendations. During a 2-day workshop in summer 2013, these draft recommendations were discussed with external experts and key stakeholders, and refined following a rigorous and transparent methodological approach. Results Four general, overarching recommendations applicable to all or most stakeholder groups were formulated, addressing (1) awareness raising, (2) implementation of targeted recommendations, (3) trial registration and results posting, and (4) systematic approaches to evidence synthesis. These general recommendations are complemented and specified by 47 targeted recommendations tailored towards funding agencies, pharmaceutical and device companies, research institutions, researchers (systematic reviewers and trialists), research ethics committees, trial registries, journal editors and publishers, regulatory agencies, benefit (health technology) assessment institutions and legislators. Conclusions Despite various recent examples of dissemination bias and several initiatives to reduce it, the problem of dissemination bias has not been resolved. Tailored recommendations based on a comprehensive approach will hopefully help increase transparency in biomedical research by overcoming the failure to disseminate negative findings. PMID:25943371

  8. Aircrew Discourse: Exploring Strategies of Information and Action Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Irwin, Cheryl M.; Veinott, Elizabeth S.; Shafto, Michael G. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    This paper explores methodology issues encountered in the analysis of flightcrew communications in aviation simulation research. Examples are provided by two recent studies which are compared on three issues: level of analysis, data definition, and interpretation of the results. The data discussed were collected in a study comparing two levels of aircraft automation. The first example is an investigation of how pilots' information transfer strategies differed as a function of automation during low and high-workload flight phases. The second study focuses on how crews managed actions in the two aircraft during a ten minute, high-workload flight segment. Results indicated that crews in the two aircraft differed in their strategies of information and action management. The differences are discussed in terms of their operational and research significance.

  9. The Options Handbook. Communicating with Prospective Students About Postsecondary Educational Options. Handbook Two: Information Dissemination Concerning Costs and Financial Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Mary S., Ed.; Berlet, Chip, Ed.

    In the present complex and changing context students and families are looking for information tools to help them identify financial planning constants to allow them to reduce the number of unknown factors that can be barriers to the completion of a personal financial package to cover the cost of higher education. This handbook is designed to…

  10. We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sholomskas, Diane E.; Syracuse-Siewert, Gia; Rounsaville, Bruce J.; Ball, Samuel A.; Nuro, Kathryn F.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

    2005-01-01

    There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive-behavioral therapy…

  11. Improving data management and dissemination in web based information systems by semantic enrichment of descriptive data aspects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gebhardt, Steffen; Wehrmann, Thilo; Klinger, Verena; Schettler, Ingo; Huth, Juliane; Künzer, Claudia; Dech, Stefan

    2010-10-01

    The German-Vietnamese water-related information system for the Mekong Delta (WISDOM) project supports business processes in Integrated Water Resources Management in Vietnam. Multiple disciplines bring together earth and ground based observation themes, such as environmental monitoring, water management, demographics, economy, information technology, and infrastructural systems. This paper introduces the components of the web-based WISDOM system including data, logic and presentation tier. It focuses on the data models upon which the database management system is built, including techniques for tagging or linking metadata with the stored information. The model also uses ordered groupings of spatial, thematic and temporal reference objects to semantically tag datasets to enable fast data retrieval, such as finding all data in a specific administrative unit belonging to a specific theme. A spatial database extension is employed by the PostgreSQL database. This object-oriented database was chosen over a relational database to tag spatial objects to tabular data, improving the retrieval of census and observational data at regional, provincial, and local areas. While the spatial database hinders processing raster data, a "work-around" was built into WISDOM to permit efficient management of both raster and vector data. The data model also incorporates styling aspects of the spatial datasets through styled layer descriptions (SLD) and web mapping service (WMS) layer specifications, allowing retrieval of rendered maps. Metadata elements of the spatial data are based on the ISO19115 standard. XML structured information of the SLD and metadata are stored in an XML database. The data models and the data management system are robust for managing the large quantity of spatial objects, sensor observations, census and document data. The operational WISDOM information system prototype contains modules for data management, automatic data integration, and web services for data retrieval, analysis, and distribution. The graphical user interfaces facilitate metadata cataloguing, data warehousing, web sensor data analysis and thematic mapping.

  12. Information Overload and Viral Marketing: Countermeasures and Strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Jiesi; Sun, Aaron; Zeng, Daniel

    Studying information diffusion through social networks has become an active research topic with important implications in viral marketing applications. One of the fundamental algorithmic problems related to viral marketing is the Influence Maximization (IM) problem: given an social network, which set of nodes should be considered by the viral marketer as the initial targets, in order to maximize the influence of the advertising message. In this work, we study the IM problem in an information-overloaded online social network. Information overload occurs when individuals receive more information than they can process, which can cause negative impacts on the overall marketing effectiveness. Many practical countermeasures have been proposed for alleviating the load of information on recipients. However, how these approaches can benefit viral marketers is not well understood. In our work, we have adapted the classic Information Cascade Model to incorporate information overload and study its countermeasures. Our results suggest that effective control of information overload has the potential to improve marketing effectiveness, but the targeting strategy should be re-designed in response to these countermeasures.

  13. 77 FR 12284 - Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated AGENCY... Strategies Incorporated (PSI) of Arlington, VA, to access information which has been submitted to EPA...

  14. A Primer on Disseminating Applied Quantitative Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Bethany A.; DiStefano, Christine; Morgan, Grant B.

    2010-01-01

    Transparency and replication are essential features of scientific inquiry, yet scientific communications of applied quantitative research are often lacking in much-needed procedural information. In an effort to promote researchers dissemination of their quantitative studies in a cohesive, detailed, and informative manner, the authors delineate…

  15. 78 FR 77680 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ...inform decisions concerning content, design, and dissemination strategies; to gauge public awareness of its publications and resources...Sources and incidence of financial stress, and resources for coping with adverse shocks; Behaviors related to searching,...

  16. School Dropouts: Education Could Play a Stronger Role in Identifying and Disseminating Promising Prevention Strategies. Report to the Honorable Jim Gibbons, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaul, Marnie S.

    This report examines national and regional dropout rate trends; factors associated with dropping out; efforts these factors; and federal efforts to reduce dropout rates. Information came from interviews with National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) officials; review of NCES data and reports by dropout prevention experts; site visits at…

  17. Manual of Documentation Practices Applicable to Defence-Aerospace Scientific and Technical Information. Volume III: Sections 7--Information Retrieval; 8--Dissemination Practices; 9--Microform Systems and Reprography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuler, S. C., Ed.

    The third of four volumes in a series describing the basic documentation practices involved in the initial setting up and subsequent operation of an information-library organization to provide defense-aerospace scientific and technical information services, this manual consists of three sections. "Information Retrieval," by Tom Norton, provides a…

  18. Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

    2013-01-01

    Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

  19. Information Strategy for Education and Research, 2000-2004 Implementation Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Education, Helsinki (Finland).

    In the spring of 1999, the Finnish Ministry of Education devised an information strategy for the period of 2000-2004. This is the second of its kind. The first strategy had been devised to steer national information society development in the fields of education and research from 1995 onwards. The new strategy has aroused a great deal of interest…

  20. Dissemination or dialogue?

    PubMed

    Greene, Les R

    2014-10-01

    Comments on the article by B. E. Karlin and G. Cross (see record 2013-31043-001) on the national dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs health care system. Greene believes there are at least two related issues that the authors have yet to add to their list of lessons learned: (a) the considerable controversy about what constitutes evidence and the limitations and flaws of randomized controlled trial (RCT) methodology in social science research, and (b) the idea that dialogue between therapist and researcher (Greene, 2012, 2014) rather than unidirectional, top-down dissemination (a word used no less than 80 times in their article) may be a more fruitful way of dealing with the resistances, reluctances, and refusals that clinicians often demonstrate regarding the implementation of laboratory-based treatments. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25265300

  1. 77 FR 47361 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-08

    .... Census Bureau Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test... series of projects and tests throughout the decade. Contact involving cellular telephone numbers, text... mail, landline telephone, and internet modes. The 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test is the...

  2. 77 FR 41370 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-13

    .... Census Bureau Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test... series of projects and tests throughout the decade. Contact involving cellular telephone numbers, text... mail, landline telephone, and internet modes. The 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test is the...

  3. 77 FR 12284 - Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-29

    ...Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated AGENCY: Environmental...authorized its contractor, Protection Strategies Incorporated (PSI) of Arlington...EPA/DC Public Reading Room hours of operation are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30...

  4. The AFT Educational Research and Dissemination Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Federation of Teachers, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This brochure is developed to provide information for local unions within the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) who may be interested in becoming Education Research and Dissemination (ER&D) sites. The following questions are addressed: (1) What Is ER&D? (2) What Can ER&D Accomplish? (3) What Makes ER&D Different? (4) What Do ER&D Participants…

  5. 77 FR 19178 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA), Department...

  6. Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

    2012-01-01

    Sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free…

  7. Delusions of Disseminated Fungosis

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, Paul Matthew

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Delusional infestation is a rare monosymptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis according to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It can be a primary disorder or associated with an underlying psychological or physical disorder. It commonly presents as delusional parasitosis, and less than 1% may be fungi related. We present this case as it is a rare presentation of a rare condition. Case Presentation. Our patient is a 60-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a 7-year history of delusional infestation manifested as a disseminated fungal infection. He had previously been reviewed by multiple physicians for the same with no systemic illness diagnosed. After multiple reviews and thorough investigation we diagnosed him with a likely delusional disorder. As is common with this patient cohort he refused psychiatric review or antipsychotic medication. Conclusion. A delusion of a disseminated fungal infestation is a rare condition. It is exceedingly difficult to treat as these patients often refuse to believe the investigation results and diagnosis. Furthermore, they either refuse or are noncompliant with treatment. Multidisciplinary outpatient evaluation may be the best way to allay patient fears and improve treatment compliance. PMID:25610675

  8. 77 FR 41370 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-13

    ...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

  9. 77 FR 47361 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-08

    ...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

  10. Low-complexity approaches to distributed data dissemination

    E-print Network

    Coleman, Todd P. (Todd Prentice), 1977-

    2006-01-01

    In this thesis we consider practical ways of disseminating information from multiple senders to multiple receivers in an optimal or provably close-to-optimal fashion. The basis for our discussion of optimal transmission ...

  11. Communicating Research to Small Drinking Water Systems: Dissemination by Researchers

    EPA Science Inventory

    This talk discusses the challenges of disseminating research relevant to small systems. The presentation discusses efforts by the U.S. EPA’s Office of Research and Development to effectively communicating drinking water information. In particular, communication approaches ...

  12. Dissemination of Dynamic Data: Semantics, Algorithms, and Performance

    E-print Network

    Ramamritham, Krithi

    used to disseminate fast changing data such as sensor data, traffic and weather information, stock of mouth. Won't it be convenient if the posting of a relevant RFP at a (potential) customer's website

  13. The Relationship between Hospital Financial Performance and Information Technology Integration Strategy Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Yue

    2012-01-01

    In light of the new healthcare regulations, hospitals are increasingly reevaluating their IT integration strategies to meet expanded healthcare information exchange requirements. Nevertheless, hospital executives do not have all the information they need to differentiate between the available strategies and recognize what may better fit their…

  14. On Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System

    E-print Network

    On Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System Steven M the use of data fusion techniques. Although these improvements have been observed from the fusion effective retrieval strategies in the same information retrieval system. From this, we show that data fusion

  15. The FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project.

    PubMed

    Gormley, R

    2001-08-01

    The goal of the FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project (FLAIR-FLOW 3) (1997-2000) was to disseminate R&D results from the EU FAIR programme to small and medium-sized food enterprises (SMEs), health professionals (HPs) and consumer groups (CGs) in 19 European countries. The dissemination routes were: (i) one-page technical documents on research results; (ii) their reproduction on the internet; (iii) their reproduction in journals Europe-wide; (iv) workshops on results from EU-supported food research programmes; and (v) lectures and poster presentations by FLAIR-FLOW network personnel. Of the 135 one-pagers produced, 62% were targeted at SMEs, 18% at HPs and 5% at CGs. The remaining 15% were on food safety and were common to the three target groups. There were 1047 publications arising from one-pages in trade journals, and over 8000 requests (paper route) were received for follow-up information. These were in addition to 240 k downloads from the FLAIR-FLOW 3 web site (www.flair-flow.com). Initiatives for HPs included specially collated versions of the one-pagers for major conferences, 20 focused workshops, and interaction with the European Federation of Associations of Dieticians. Currently, dissemination is continuing through FLAIR-FLOW 4 (2001-2003) in 24 countries. FLAIR-FLOW 4 is co-ordinated by M. Jean François Quillien from INRA-CRIAA (FR) at criaa@rennes.inra.fr. PMID:11894751

  16. Pursuing Information: A Conversation Analytic Perspective on Communication Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burch, Alfred R.

    2014-01-01

    Research on second language (L2) communication strategies over the past three decades has concerned itself broadly with defining their usage in terms of planning and compensation, as well as with the use of taxonomies for coding different types of strategies. Taking a Conversation Analytic (CA) perspective, this article examines the fine-grained…

  17. Innovation Dissemination in Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grabowski, Stanley M.

    While recognizing the constraints of time and money, there is a distinct need for faster and greater dissemination of research results, especially for innovations in adult education. A study of typical dissemination methods, including project publications, conversation presentations, workshops, commercial publications, and inservice teacher…

  18. Explicit Instruction of Graphic Organizers as an Informational Text Reading Comprehension Strategy: Third-Grade Students' Strategies and Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fealy, Erin Marie

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this case study research was to explore the effects of explicit instruction of graphic organizers to support students' understandings of informational text. An additional purpose was to investigate students' perceptions of using graphic organizers as a comprehension strategy. Using case study methodology, this study occurred…

  19. Sediment loads and sources in heavily modified Irish catchments: A move towards informed management strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evans, D. J.; Gibson, C. E.; Rossell, R. S.

    2006-09-01

    Implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) has forced regulatory authorities to take an integrated view of the link between water quality and catchment management. In Northern Ireland, concern over progressive habitat degradation of one of the Province's prime salmon rivers (the River Bush) provided the stimulus for a sediment monitoring programme. The aims of this study were to quantify instream sediment loads and to identify sources of fine sediment feeding into the river channel. This information would then be used to justify changes in the way the catchment's resources were managed. Sediment loads were assessed at four sampling stations on the River Bush system over a one-year period (between 18/07/02 and 24/07/03) using sediment collection tubes and pit-type traps. These ranged between 0.196 and 4.98 t yr - 1 for bed load and 1.70 and 102 t yr - 1 for suspended load. A combination of desktop studies (erosion potential mapping), monitoring (visual observations, bank erosion magnitude and yield) and analytical work (sediment fingerprinting) was then applied in order to elucidate links between catchment sediment erosion and downstream sediment delivery. Bank erosion was highest in regions of the catchment with the least cohesive bank materials during high flow conditions. Livestock poaching and peak flows caused damage to banks at a localised scale and led to selective patches of bare land being susceptible to further erosion, augmenting the sediment load (approximately 2% of the annual suspended sediment and 60% of the annual bed load). Drainage maintenance work (60% and 30%), forest clearfell (1% and 2%) and ploughed land (37% and 8%) also contributed to the annual suspended sediment and bed load, respectively. Nine key actions were suggested in order to improve habitat quality in relation to sediment supply in the River Bush. These included wetland restoration; prohibiting drainage maintenance work; strategies to control conifer plantation felling; reducing bare ground; livestock access restrictions; construction site management; macrophyte clearance; employment of a river warden and systematic dissemination of project recommendations to the general public to generate community involvement. It was essential that these actions were both cost effective and practical in order to maximise catchment stakeholder uptake.

  20. Providing information can be a stable non-cooperative evolutionary strategy

    E-print Network

    Dessalles, Jean-Louis

    2011-01-01

    Human language is still an embarrassment for evolutionary theory, as the speaker's benefit remains unclear. The willingness to communicate information is shown here to be an evolutionary stable strategy (ESS), even if acquiring original information from the environment involves significant cost and communicating it provides no material benefit to addressees. In this study, communication is used to advertise the emitter's ability to obtain novel information. We found that communication strategies can take two forms, competitive and uniform, that these two strategies are stable and that they necessarily coexist.

  1. Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System1

    E-print Network

    Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System information retrieval system. Furthermore, our experiments have shown that the ratio of relevant to non from different information retrieval systems. This belief is supported by the supposition

  2. Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System1

    E-print Network

    Chowdhury, Abdur

    Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System information retrieval system. Furthermore, our experiments have shown that the ratio of relevant to non different information retrieval systems. This belief is supported by the 1 The authors would like to note

  3. A Single System Image: An Information Systems Strategy. Professional Paper Series, #1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heterick, Robert C., Jr.

    Strategic planning for information systems and descriptions of the products needed to purvey an institution's information resources as though they were delivered from a single, integrated system are featured, emphasizing strategy and tactics. Various accepted premises for the current state of higher education information systems are set forth.…

  4. Where Is the Learning We Have Lost in Information? Strategies for Effective Reading in Content Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart-Dore, Nea

    The Effective Reading in Content Areas (ERICA) teaching model comprises four stages: preparing for reading, thinking through information, extracting and organizing information, and translating information. Aspects to consider in the first stage include the preparation of ideas, text, and vocabulary. Two strategies can be used to promote reflection…

  5. Private Appropriation, Public Dissemination and Commercial Product Development in Genomics (DOE)

    SciTech Connect

    Rebecca S. Eisenberg

    2003-03-19

    With DOE funding, I have conducted research on the topic of patents and technology transfer in the Human Genome Project since 1994. My research has proceeded along the following tracks: (1) research and monitoring of legal developments relating to (a) the patenting of DNA sequences and (b) the role of patents in technology transfer; (2) investigating and monitoring the strategies of different institutions in the public and private sector that are involved in DNA sequencing with respect to patenting and disseminating sequence information; (3) investigating and monitoring the impact of these strategies on those who use sequence information in research and product development. I have published commentary as my research proceeds in a variety of forums directed at scientists, lawyers, and science policy-makers.

  6. Millennial Undergraduate Research Strategies in Web and Library Information Retrieval Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Brandi

    2011-01-01

    This article summarizes the author's dissertation regarding search strategies of millennial undergraduate students in Web and library online information retrieval systems. Millennials bring a unique set of search characteristics and strategies to their research since they have never known a world without the Web. Through the use of search engines,…

  7. The Role of IQ in the Use of Cognitive Strategies to Learn Information from a Map

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Seokhee

    2010-01-01

    The role of IQ in individual differences in real-life problem solving and strategies use was explored. Repeated trials of learning and recall of information from a map were analyzed with high IQ and average IQ Korean students. IQ correlated with the selection and use of strategies in recall. However, the performance and strategic behaviors of…

  8. A Comparison of Two Strategies for Teaching Third Graders to Summarize Information Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dromsky, Ann Marie

    2011-01-01

    Summarizing text is one of the most effective comprehension strategies (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2000) and an effective way to learn from information text (Dole, Duffy, Roehler, & Pearson, 1991; Pressley & Woloshyn, 1995). In addition, much research supports the explicit instruction of such strategies as…

  9. 77 FR 19178 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... Economic Development Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA), Department of Commerce... Analyst, Office of Regional Affairs, Room 7009, Economic Development Administration, Washington, DC...

  10. A Systematic Instructional Design Strategy Derived from Information-Processing Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Margaret E.

    1981-01-01

    Recommends an instructional design strategy derived from information processing theory and research which would include the planned presentation of retrieval events and encourage learners to manage some aspects of their own learning. Twelve references are listed. (MER)

  11. Strategies for Data-Informed Labor Market Responsiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiland, Linda; Brown, William

    2008-01-01

    Central Arizona College (CAC) has leveraged EMSI to design the most effective regional strategies for academic/economic prediction analysis. Accessing current and reliable data on occupations, skills requirements, and demographics, CAC can extract, analyze, and present this data to academic programs, advisory boards, economic development councils,…

  12. Leveraging Information Technology. Track VI: Hardware/Software Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

    Seven papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track VI, Hardware/Software Strategies, are presented. They include: "Integrated Systems--The Next Steps" (Morris A. Hicks); "Administrative Microcomputing--Roads Traveled, Lessons Learned" (David L. Smallen); "Murphy's First Law and Its Application to Administrative Computing" (Mary Lawarre Cox and…

  13. Dissemination, redissemination and fiber life

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eiber, W.

    1979-01-01

    The technical background of dissemination of carbon fibers as well as the possibility of redissemination and fiber life are outlined. Plume spread and weather, measures of pollution and of damage potential, and parameters controlling dissemination patterns are among the topics discussed. It is shown that the redissemination rate off hard surfaces decreases with time and that fiber length decreases with time. Redissemination from vegetated land is shown to be insignificant.

  14. A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

    2014-01-01

    The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

  15. Library and Information Science Research: Perspectives and Strategies for Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClure, Charles R., Ed.; Hernon, Peter, Ed.

    The 28 essays in this collection provide an overview of research in library/information science (LIS), present a practical context of such research, and consider related issues and concerns. The essays are: (1) "The Elusive Nature of Research in LIS" (Peter Hernon); (2) "Guides to Conducting Research in Library and Information Science" (Ronald R.…

  16. Justifying Cognitive Authority Decisions: Discursive Strategies of Information Seekers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Pamela J.

    2003-01-01

    This analysis of transcripts of interviews with a specific group of information seekers (pregnant women) identifies the context-specific discursive techniques that they used in enhancing or undermining the authority of peer and professional information sources. (Contains 74 references.) (MES)

  17. Improving Strategies for Low-Income Family Children's Information Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Haiyan; Washington, Rodney; Yin, Jianjun

    2014-01-01

    This article discussed the significance of improving low-income family children's information literacy, which could improve educational quality, enhance children's self-esteem, adapt children to the future competitive world market, as well as the problems in improving low-income family children's information literacy, such as no home computer and…

  18. The MARINA Risk Assessment Strategy: A Flexible Strategy for Efficient Information Collection and Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials.

    PubMed

    Bos, Peter M J; Gottardo, Stefania; Scott-Fordsmand, Janeck J; van Tongeren, Martie; Semenzin, Elena; Fernandes, Teresa F; Hristozov, Danail; Hund-Rinke, Kerstin; Hunt, Neil; Irfan, Muhammad-Adeel; Landsiedel, Robert; Peijnenburg, Willie J G M; Sánchez Jiménez, Araceli; van Kesteren, Petra C E; Oomen, Agnes G

    2015-01-01

    An engineered nanomaterial (ENM) may actually consist of a population of primary particles, aggregates and agglomerates of various sizes. Furthermore, their physico-chemical characteristics may change during the various life-cycle stages. It will probably not be feasible to test all varieties of all ENMs for possible health and environmental risks. There is therefore a need to further develop the approaches for risk assessment of ENMs. Within the EU FP7 project Managing Risks of Nanoparticles (MARINA) a two-phase risk assessment strategy has been developed. In Phase 1 (Problem framing) a base set of information is considered, relevant exposure scenarios (RESs) are identified and the scope for Phase 2 (Risk assessment) is established. The relevance of an RES is indicated by information on exposure, fate/kinetics and/or hazard; these three domains are included as separate pillars that contain specific tools. Phase 2 consists of an iterative process of risk characterization, identification of data needs and integrated collection and evaluation of data on the three domains, until sufficient information is obtained to conclude on possible risks in a RES. Only data are generated that are considered to be needed for the purpose of risk assessment. A fourth pillar, risk characterization, is defined and it contains risk assessment tools. This strategy describes a flexible and efficient approach for data collection and risk assessment which is essential to ensure safety of ENMs. Further developments are needed to provide guidance and make the MARINA Risk Assessment Strategy operational. Case studies will be needed to refine the strategy. PMID:26633430

  19. The MARINA Risk Assessment Strategy: A Flexible Strategy for Efficient Information Collection and Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials

    PubMed Central

    Bos, Peter M. J.; Gottardo, Stefania; Scott-Fordsmand, Janeck J.; van Tongeren, Martie; Semenzin, Elena; Fernandes, Teresa F.; Hristozov, Danail; Hund-Rinke, Kerstin; Hunt, Neil; Irfan, Muhammad-Adeel; Landsiedel, Robert; Peijnenburg, Willie J. G. M.; Sánchez Jiménez, Araceli; van Kesteren, Petra C. E.; Oomen, Agnes G.

    2015-01-01

    An engineered nanomaterial (ENM) may actually consist of a population of primary particles, aggregates and agglomerates of various sizes. Furthermore, their physico-chemical characteristics may change during the various life-cycle stages. It will probably not be feasible to test all varieties of all ENMs for possible health and environmental risks. There is therefore a need to further develop the approaches for risk assessment of ENMs. Within the EU FP7 project Managing Risks of Nanoparticles (MARINA) a two-phase risk assessment strategy has been developed. In Phase 1 (Problem framing) a base set of information is considered, relevant exposure scenarios (RESs) are identified and the scope for Phase 2 (Risk assessment) is established. The relevance of an RES is indicated by information on exposure, fate/kinetics and/or hazard; these three domains are included as separate pillars that contain specific tools. Phase 2 consists of an iterative process of risk characterization, identification of data needs and integrated collection and evaluation of data on the three domains, until sufficient information is obtained to conclude on possible risks in a RES. Only data are generated that are considered to be needed for the purpose of risk assessment. A fourth pillar, risk characterization, is defined and it contains risk assessment tools. This strategy describes a flexible and efficient approach for data collection and risk assessment which is essential to ensure safety of ENMs. Further developments are needed to provide guidance and make the MARINA Risk Assessment Strategy operational. Case studies will be needed to refine the strategy. PMID:26633430

  20. 76 FR 16621 - Critical Materials Strategy Request for Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-24

    ...The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is seeking information from stakeholders on rare earth elements and other materials used in energy technologies to support analyses updating its 2010 Critical Materials...

  1. 76 FR 16621 - Critical Materials Strategy Request for Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-24

    ...SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is seeking information from stakeholders on rare earth elements and other materials used in energy technologies to support analyses updating its 2010 Critical Materials...

  2. 75 FR 25850 - Materials Strategy Request for Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ...Energy (DOE) is seeking information from stakeholders on rare earth elements and other materials used in energy technologies...to develop a strategic plan for addressing the role of rare earth elements and other materials in energy technologies...

  3. Talk as a Metacognitive Strategy during the Information Search Process of Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowler, Leanne

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: This paper describes a metacognitive strategy related to the social dimension of the information search process of adolescents. Method: A case study that used naturalistic methods to explore the metacognitive thinking nd associated emotions of ten adolescents. The study was framed by Kuhlthau's Information Search Process model and…

  4. Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2014-01-01

    Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

  5. Mapping the Journey: Developing an Information Literacy Strategy as Part of Curriculum Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salisbury, Fiona; Sheridan, Linda

    2011-01-01

    This article will outline the development of an Information Literacy Strategy in 2009 as part of an overall program of curriculum review and renewal at La Trobe University, Australia. Current information literacy programs at La Trobe University Library employ a diverse range of approaches and delivery methods. However, they are limited in scope…

  6. 76 FR 69722 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection Strategies Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ...The purpose of this notice is to inform the public that EPA has recently learned of a corporate merger/acquisition involving a contractor cleared for access to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) confidential business information and to provide notice that this contract has been extended until December 31, 2011. Protection Strategies Incorporated (PSI) has been the owner of Eagle......

  7. Exemplary Dissemination Programs for Intermediate Units Serving Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edington, Everett; Hays, Leonard

    Utilizing information derived from documents, site visits, correspondence, and personal interviews re: 6 intermediate education units serving rural schools which were initially identified via a mail survey, this report describes intermediate education units with exemplary information dissemination programs. Varying considerably, each program is…

  8. Characterization of ESBL disseminating plasmids.

    PubMed

    Brolund, Alma; Sandegren, Linus

    2016-01-01

    Bacteria producing extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBLs) constitute a globally increasing problem that contributes to treatment complications and elevated death rates. The extremely successful dissemination by ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae during the latest decades is a result of the combination of mobilization, evolution and horizontal spread of ?-lactamase genes on plasmids. In parallel, spread of these plasmids to particularly well-adapted bacterial clones (outbreak clones) has expanded. In this review we describe ESBL-producing bacteria and the genetic mechanisms for dissemination of ESBL resistance. We describe available methodology for studying plasmids and the importance of including plasmids in epidemiological typing as natural parts of the organisms. Plasmids play a fundamental role in how resistance arises and disseminates. PMID:26135711

  9. A Recap of the Sixth Nationwide Vocational Education Dissemination Conference: Disseminating for Tomorrow's Voc Ed. The Proceedings (Columbus, Ohio, November 15-17, 1983).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Norman M., Comp.; And Others

    This document reviews the activities of a conference on "Disseminating for Tomorrow's Voc Ed." The conference featured tools, techniques, information, examples that can be used to promote good dissemination, use of research, and developmental results. Considerable emphasis at the conference was given to topics and activities related to…

  10. Combining structured decision making and value-of-information analyses to identify robust management strategies.

    PubMed

    Moore, Joslin L; Runge, Michael C

    2012-10-01

    Structured decision making and value-of-information analyses can be used to identify robust management strategies even when uncertainty about the response of the system to management is high. We used these methods in a case study of management of the non-native invasive species gray sallow willow (Salix cinerea) in alpine Australia. Establishment of this species is facilitated by wildfire. Managers are charged with developing a management strategy despite extensive uncertainty regarding the frequency of fires, the willow's demography, and the effectiveness of management actions. We worked with managers in Victoria to conduct a formal decision analysis. We used a dynamic model to identify the best management strategy for a range of budgets. We evaluated the robustness of the strategies to uncertainty with value-of-information analyses. Results of the value-of-information analysis indicated that reducing uncertainty would not change which management strategy was identified as the best unless budgets increased substantially. This outcome suggests there would be little value in implementing adaptive management for the problem we analyzed. The value-of-information analyses also highlighted that the main driver of gray sallow willow invasion (i.e., fire frequency) is not necessarily the same factor that is most important for decision making (i.e., willow seed dispersal distance). Value of-information analyses enables managers to better target monitoring and research efforts toward factors critical to making the decision and to assess the need for adaptive management. PMID:22862796

  11. Web 2.0 Strategy in Libraries and Information Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrne, Alex

    2008-01-01

    Web 2.0 challenges libraries to change from their predominantly centralised service models with integrated library management systems at the hub. Implementation of Web 2.0 technologies and the accompanying attitudinal shifts will demand reconceptualisation of the nature of library and information service around a dynamic, ever changing, networked,…

  12. Getting Started: Informal Small-Group Strategies in Large Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, James L.; Robinson, Pamela

    2000-01-01

    Describes a number of informal "turn-to-your-neighbor" approaches that create an active learning environment in college lecture settings. These include: launching class in discussion, breaking up the lecture for comprehension checks, closing class with small-group conversation, and debriefing exams. (DB)

  13. Make It Real: Strategies for Success with Informational Texts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyt, Linda

    This book provides a practical classroom guide to unlocking the treasures of informational texts. It also aims to demonstrate that reading and writing nonfiction can overcome the gender gap, allowing girls and boys to share interests in any subject from bugs and magnets to gardens and cake baking. It explains the use of a range of instructional…

  14. The future of time and frequency dissemination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Levine, Judah

    1994-01-01

    I will try to extrapolate the changes in the dissemination of time and frequency information that have taken place during the last 25 years to predict the future developments both in the methods of disseminating time and frequency and in the kinds of customers we will be asked to serve. Two important developments are likely to play pivotal roles in driving the evolution of dissemination. The first is the commercial availability of very high quality clocks -- devices whose performance may eventually rival that of the current generation of primary frequency standards. The widespread use of these devices may blur the traditional distinction between client and server, and may replace it with a more symmetrical interchange of data among peers. The second is the increasing demand for digital time and frequency information driven by the increasing sophistication of everything from traffic lights to electric power meters. The needs of these individual users may not tax the state of the art of primary frequency standards in principle, but their large numbers and wide geographical distribution present a technological challenge that is difficult to meet at a reasonable price using existing methods. Some of these problems may be solved (or at least addressed) using developments in communications and consumer electronics such as the increasing use of fiber-optic telephone circuits and the increasing bandwidth and sophistication of the cable network used to transmit television pictures. To be useful, these advances in hardware must stimulate parallel advances in software algorithms and methods. These advances are more difficult to predict with great confidence, but the developments of the last few years will be examined to provide some indications of the future.

  15. Effects of a pragmatic teaching strategy for requesting information by communication board users.

    PubMed

    Angelo, D H; Goldstein, H

    1990-05-01

    The effects of a pragmatic teaching strategy on 4 nonspeaking children's abilities to initiate requests for information (i.e., who, what, and where) using manual communication boards were investigated. A teaching strategy based on milieu teaching and time-delay procedures was developed and embedded in naturally structured communication tasks to evoke information requests. Results indicated that information requests using the communication board occurred only after the pragmatic teaching strategy was applied sequentially to the three request types during the experimental condition. This effect was demonstrated repeatedly across the 4 subjects. Although generalization across request types was not demonstrated, substantial generalization was found across partners and environments. A social validation measure confirmed the treatment effectiveness. Independent raters perceived significant differences when viewing before- and after-training videotapes on 7 of 10 communication variables for all subjects. PMID:2139482

  16. The Dissemination of Pedagogical Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennedsen, Jens

    2006-01-01

    Pedagogical patterns have been around since 1995, but several authors claim their impact is limited. However, these claims are based on authors' own observations and not on methodical evaluations of the use and dissemination of pedagogical patterns. This claim is in contrast to the vision of the creators of pedagogical patterns--they think…

  17. Promoting state health department evidence-based cancer and chronic disease prevention: a multi-phase dissemination study with a cluster randomized trial component

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Cancer and other chronic diseases reduce quality and length of life and productivity, and represent a significant financial burden to society. Evidence-based public health approaches to prevent cancer and other chronic diseases have been identified in recent decades and have the potential for high impact. Yet, barriers to implement prevention approaches persist as a result of multiple factors including lack of organizational support, limited resources, competing emerging priorities and crises, and limited skill among the public health workforce. The purpose of this study is to learn how best to promote the adoption of evidence based public health practice related to chronic disease prevention. Methods/design This paper describes the methods for a multi-phase dissemination study with a cluster randomized trial component that will evaluate the dissemination of public health knowledge about evidence-based prevention of cancer and other chronic diseases. Phase one involves development of measures of practitioner views on and organizational supports for evidence-based public health and data collection using a national online survey involving state health department chronic disease practitioners. In phase two, a cluster randomized trial design will be conducted to test receptivity and usefulness of dissemination strategies directed toward state health department chronic disease practitioners to enhance capacity and organizational support for evidence-based chronic disease prevention. Twelve state health department chronic disease units will be randomly selected and assigned to intervention or control. State health department staff and the university-based study team will jointly identify, refine, and select dissemination strategies within intervention units. Intervention (dissemination) strategies may include multi-day in-person training workshops, electronic information exchange modalities, and remote technical assistance. Evaluation methods include pre-post surveys, structured qualitative phone interviews, and abstraction of state-level chronic disease prevention program plans and progress reports. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01978054. PMID:24330729

  18. Technical Report on Research to Identify, Analyze, and Disseminate Information about Opportunities for Males and Females in Nontraditional Occupations. July 1978 through June 1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carvell, Fred; And Others

    This project was conducted to improve the quality and availability of information pertaining to opportunities in nontraditional occupations for use by teachers, counselors, and interested students. The major project objectives were (1) to review current employment patterns in California to identify nontraditional occupations; (2) to collect and…

  19. Determination of the Consistency of Relevance Judgments and the Reliability of Search Strategies Among Information Specialists for the Aerospace Materials Information Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheffler, F. L.; March, J. F.

    The ability of various Aerospace Materials Information Center (AMIC) information specialists to prepare search strategies for document retrieval was studied by providing ten typical search request statements to seven information specialists. Each specialist prepared search strategies independently. Significant variations occurred among the…

  20. Jabs and barbs: ways to address misleading vaccination and immunisation information using currently available strategies.

    PubMed

    Wardle, Jon; Stewart, Cameron; Parker, Malcolm

    2013-09-01

    Misleading vaccination information undermines confidence in vaccination and may lead to reductions in the effectiveness of vaccination programs. A number of regulatory techniques can be employed to challenge the spread of false information, including health care complaints, therapeutic goods laws, consumer protection laws and professional discipline. This article examines three case studies involving the publication of anti-vaccination information by non-professionally aligned organisations, by non-registered health professionals, and by registered health professionals under the National Law. The article examines the effectiveness of different regulatory responses and makes suggestions for future strategies to deal with the publication of demonstrably false information regarding vaccination. PMID:24218789

  1. Information search and decision making: effects of age and complexity on strategy use.

    PubMed

    Queen, Tara L; Hess, Thomas M; Ennis, Gilda E; Dowd, Keith; Grühn, Daniel

    2012-12-01

    The impact of task complexity on information search strategy and decision quality was examined in a sample of 135 young, middle-aged, and older adults. We were particularly interested in the competing roles of fluid cognitive ability and domain knowledge and experience, with the former being a negative influence and the latter being a positive influence on older adults' performance. Participants utilized 2 decision matrices, which varied in complexity, regarding a consumer purchase. Using process tracing software and an algorithm developed to assess decision strategy, we recorded search behavior, strategy selection, and final decision. Contrary to expectations, older adults were not more likely than the younger age groups to engage in information-minimizing search behaviors in response to increases in task complexity. Similarly, adults of all ages used comparable decision strategies and adapted their strategies to the demands of the task. We also examined decision outcomes in relation to participants' preferences. Overall, it seems that older adults utilize simpler sets of information primarily reflecting the most valued attributes in making their choice. The results of this study suggest that older adults are adaptive in their approach to decision making and that this ability may benefit from accrued knowledge and experience. PMID:22663157

  2. Dialogue on Dissemination Background - Implementation Science

    Cancer.gov

    The Dialogue on Dissemination meetings are part of a larger effort to clarify the various concepts used to describe the translation of research into practice and develop models for effective dissemination. As part of its ongoing commitment to closing the gap between research discovery and program delivery, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) sponsored a series of four Dialogue on Dissemination events convening experts in the fields of public health, clinical practice, and dissemination.

  3. Information management strategies in early adolescence: developmental change in use and transactional associations with psychological adjustment.

    PubMed

    Laird, Robert D; Marrero, Matthew D; Melching, Jessica A; Kuhn, Emily S

    2013-05-01

    Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report data (n = 218; 49% female; 49% European American, 47% African American) following Grades 5 (M age = 11 years, 11 months), 6, and 7 show that the use of disclosing strategies (e.g., telling all, telling if asked) following misbehavior declined while use of concealing strategies (e.g., omitting details, keeping secrets, lying) increased over time. Longitudinal links between strategies suggest a transactional process wherein infrequent disclosing is a gateway to concealment but concealment also predicts subsequent rank-order reductions in disclosure. Infrequent disclosing was associated with more subsequent antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms, whereas more antisocial behavior was associated with more subsequent concealment. Although absolute declines in disclosure and increases in concealment are normative, individual differences show that adolescents reporting low levels of disclosure, rather than high levels of concealment, appear to experience the most adjustment problems. PMID:22686172

  4. Space benefits: The secondary application of aerospace technology in other sectors of the economy. [(information dissemination and technology transfer from NASA programs)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    Space Benefits is a publication that has been prepared for the NASA Technology Utilization Office by the Denver Research Institute's Program for Transfer Research and Impact Studies, to provide the Agency with accurate, convenient, and integrated resource information on the transfer of aerospace technology to other sectors of the U.S. economy. The technological innovations derived from NASA space programs and their current applications in the following areas are considered: (1) manufacturing consumer products, (2) manufacturing capital goods, (3) new consumer products and retailing, (4) electric utilities, (5) environmental quality, (6) food production and processing, (7) government, (8) petroleum and gas, (9) construction, (10) law enforcement, and (11) highway transportation.

  5. Informing a strategy for Deep Argo temperature observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garry, Freya; Roberts, Chris; McDonagh, Elaine; Blaker, Adam

    2015-04-01

    The ocean has the largest available capacity for heat uptake in the Earth's climate system. However, sparse and infrequent measurements of ocean temperatures below 2000 m limit our ability to observe deep ocean heat content changes and therefore close the global heat budget. Recent analyses of surface temperatures and ocean heat content variability have suggested that variations in ocean heat uptake may have played a role in the recent `hiatus' in surface temperature trends. Such results highlight the importance of improved estimates of top-to-bottom ocean heat content changes to progress our understanding of internal climate variability and advance projection capability for future climate change and sea level rise. We present results from state of the art climate model experiments that inform the optimal design of a deep ocean observing system of automated floats that repeatedly sample to either 4000 or 6000 m and transmit data via satellite (a deep water extension of the current core Argo array). Using long control simulations and forced experiments, we consider to what depths and in which regions we need observations to effectively capture internal variability of temperature in the oceans and emergent signals of climate change. Our results highlight the continuing importance of the core Argo array (to 2000 m) for measuring total ocean heat content variability accurately (with associated implications for climate prediction and sea level rise estimates). In forced scenarios we find additional deep ocean sampling below 2000 m is essential in most ocean basins to accurately estimate total ocean heat content changes, but monitoring in the Atlantic and Southern Ocean is most critical. In a likely future forced scenario, regions for additional sub-2000 m sampling are the Indian Ocean and southern/westerly Pacific Ocean. Model estimates suggest that over the next century, global sampling to 4000 m would offer a ~10% improvement on the percentage of total ocean heat content variability captured compared to global sampling to 2000 m. Analysis of model output indicate that deep ocean sampling below 2000 m is much more important in some areas than others. For example, we highlight the particular importance of monitoring temperature changes in the Southern Ocean to at least 4000 m to gain accurate estimates of global ocean heat content change and the thermosteric component of sea level rise. Our work indicates that more than half of the total ocean heat content variability in the Southern Ocean is deeper than 700m.

  6. Project Information Form Project Title Advanced Energy Management Strategy Development for Plug-in Hybrid

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Advanced Energy Management Strategy Development for Plug,365 Total Project Cost $58,365 Agency ID or Contract Number DTRT13-G-UTC29 Start and End Dates April 1, 2014 ­ September 30, 2015 Brief Description of Research Project Plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) have great

  7. The Practice of Information Processing Model in the Teaching of Cognitive Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozel, Ali

    2009-01-01

    In this research, the differentiation condition of teaching the learning strategies depending on the time which the first grade of primary school teachers carried out to form an information-process skeleton on student is tried to be found out. This process including the efforts of 260 teachers in this direction consists of whether the adequate…

  8. Effects of a Pragmatic Teaching Strategy for Requesting Information by Communication Board Users.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angelo, Dianne H.; Goldstein, Howard

    1990-01-01

    The study found that a pragmatic teaching strategy based on milieu teaching and time-delay procedures was effective in teaching four nonspeaking, developmentally delayed children (ages five and six) using manual communication boards to initiate requests for information (i.e., who, what, and where) (DB)

  9. Position re nement for a navigating robot using motion information based on honey bee strategies

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Bob

    Position re nement for a navigating robot using motion information based on honey bee strategies. The algorithm was inspired by techniques used by navigating honey bees and is based on separating close. The algorithm was implemented and tested using a mobile sensor. 1 Introduction It is known that the honey bee

  10. Strategies To Help Students Cope with the High Information Flow in World Regional Geography Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heath, Douglas E.

    A traditional world regional geography course inescapably entails a flow of information that many community college students find overwhelming. This paper delineates five strategies developed over 30 years of teaching to help students cope with this fundamental problem: (1) using study guides or a manual to help students understand assigned…

  11. For more information, please refer to: http://mobility.tamu.edu/mip/strategies.php. Description

    E-print Network

    For more information, please refer to: http://mobility.tamu.edu/mip/strategies.php. Description a growing trend of using the "credit card" to pay for roadway projects by allowing for the greater use of PPPs. What's the Down-Side? Some public agencies have limited power ­ The Texas Transportation Code

  12. For more information, please refer to: http://mobility.tamu.edu/mip/strategies.php. Description

    E-print Network

    For more information, please refer to: http://mobility.tamu.edu/mip/strategies.php. Description improvements. Texas could help slow a growing trend of using the "credit card" to pay for roadway projects, the revenues will decrease. Implementation Issues Moderate cost to implement. Texas Local Government Code

  13. Learning High-Level Navigation Strategies from Sensor Information and Planner Experience

    E-print Network

    Gambardella, Luca Maria

    by creating a relation between robot local perceptions far from the local minimum with actions that allowLearning High-Level Navigation Strategies from Sensor Information and Planner Experience Luca Maria@idsia.ch Abstract Moving a robot with shape and size in a cluttered dynamic workspace requires the capability

  14. Information Withholding as a Manipulative and Collusive Strategy in Nukulaelae Gossip.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Besnier, Niko

    1989-01-01

    Examines the organization and function of information-withholding sequences, a conversational strategy used by participants in gossip interaction on Nukulaelae, a Polynesian Central Pacific atoll. Withholding sequences illustrate how ambiguity and repairs can be exploited to meet the communicative demands of particular interactional contexts. (62…

  15. The Effect of Information Mapping Strategy on Mathematics Conceptual Knowledge of Junior High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zulnaidi, Hutkemri; Zakaria, Effandi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of information mapping strategy on mathematics conceptual knowledge of junior high school students in Rokan Hulu Riau, Indonesia. The study also examined the relationship between mathematics conceptual knowledge and mathematics achievement. Using a quasi-experimental method, the study was…

  16. Internet-based information resource and discussion platform on GHG reduction strategies in Asia

    SciTech Connect

    2000-12-28

    The website (www.ccasia.teri.res.in) provides a consolidated Internet based information source and platform for discussions on climate change issues in Asia. The effort has been successful in reaching the target audience and in stimulating awareness about the crucial debate on GHG (greenhouse gas) reduction strategies in Asia.

  17. Measuring the Informal Economy: A Validation Study of the Resource Generating Strategies Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pyles, Loretta

    2007-01-01

    Objective: This article reports on the reliability and validity of a new instrument called the Resource Generating Strategies (RGS) Scale, which was created to measure participation in the informal economy. Method: Researchers interviewed 285 adult women who had received domestic violence services, were currently incarcerated, or were residing in…

  18. For more information, please refer to: http://mobility.tamu.edu/mip/strategies.php. Time: Short

    E-print Network

    For more information, please refer to: http://mobility.tamu.edu/mip/strategies.php. Cost: Time their workplace flexibility program in 1993. The company encourages its employees to use different flexible schedule options to fit their individual needs. The City of Houston's mayor initiated Flex in City program

  19. A Hierarchy Fuzzy MCDM Method for Studying Electronic Marketing Strategies in the Information Service Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tang, Michael T.; Tzeng, Gwo-Hshiung

    In this paper, the impacts of Electronic Commerce (EC) on the international marketing strategies of information service industries are studied. In seeking to blend humanistic concerns in this research with technological development by addressing challenges for deterministic attitudes, the paper examines critical environmental factors relevant to…

  20. Mechanisms of Reovirus Bloodstream Dissemination

    PubMed Central

    Boehme, Karl W.; Lai, Caroline M.; Dermody, Terence S.

    2015-01-01

    Many viruses cause disease within an infected host after spread from an initial portal of entry to secondary sites of replication. Viruses can disseminate via the bloodstream or through nerves. Mammalian orthoreoviruses (reoviruses) are neurotropic viruses that use both bloodborne and neural pathways to spread systemically within their hosts to cause disease. Using a robust mouse model and a dynamic reverse genetics system, we have identified a viral receptor and a viral nonstructural protein that are essential for hematogenous reovirus dissemination. Junctional adhesion molecule-A (JAM-A) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily expressed in tight junctions and on hematopoietic cells that serves as a receptor for all reovirus serotypes. Expression of JAM-A is required for infection of endothelial cells and development of viremia in mice, suggesting that release of virus into the bloodstream from infected endothelial cells requires JAM-A. Nonstructural protein ?1s is implicated in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in reovirus-infected cells but is completely dispensable for reovirus replication in cultured cells. Surprisingly, a recombinant ?1s-null reovirus strain fails to spread hematogenously in infected mice, suggesting that ?1s facilitates apoptosis of reovirus-infected intestinal epithelial cells. It is possible that apoptotic bodies formed as a consequence of ?1s expression lead to reovirus uptake by dendritic cells for subsequent delivery to the mesenteric lymph node and the blood. Thus, both host and viral factors are required for efficient hematogenous dissemination of reovirus. Understanding mechanisms of reovirus bloodborne spread may shed light on how microbial pathogens invade the bloodstream to disseminate and cause disease in infected hosts. PMID:23809919

  1. Selective Dissemination of Microfiche Documents in a University Setting: Phase 1. Final Report. Project CLR-561.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meredith, Joseph C.

    A selective dissemination service (SRIM) of the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) features semimonthly dissemination of microfiche copies of documents newly added to the NTIS collection, on the basis of interest profiles. The service was used to test a university subsystem wherein a number of individual profiles were combined and…

  2. A programme on establishing the time dissemination system via satellite-TV in China.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Jin'an

    1998-12-01

    A programme for establishing the time dissemination system by use of the existing satellite-TV broadcasting system is presented. This system can improve the time service in China, and it has many advantages such as the better precision, the wider coverage, the more information, the continuous service and so on, comparing with the existing time dissemination systems via LF or HF propagation.

  3. Location-Aided Flooding: An Energy-Efficient Data Dissemination Protocol for

    E-print Network

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Location-Aided Flooding: An Energy-Efficient Data Dissemination Protocol for Wireless Sensor within a virtual grid. The proposed approach, termed location-aided flooding (LAF), achieves energy--Communication protocol, location, energy management, information dissemination, flooding. æ 1 INTRODUCTION ADVANCES

  4. Impact of Department of Education Dissemination Practices on California Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Stephen R.; Stephens, K. Gwen

    The California State Department of Education commissioned the Far West Laboratory to conduct a study to enhance the effectiveness of methods of disseminating educational information in the state. The study began with a pilot written survey of administrators and support staff in a few schools. In-depth telephone interviews with department staff and…

  5. 2+2+2 Dissemination Project Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloane, Diana; And Others

    An overview is provided in this three-part final report of a project designed to disseminate information to assist California high schools, Regional Occupation Programs, and colleges in developing and strengthening 2+2+2 programs. Part I reviews the following project objectives: (1) hire a project coordinator and technical assistant; (2) develop a…

  6. Disseminating Improved Practices: Are Volunteer Farmer Trainers Effective?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukuyu, B.; Place, F.; Franzel, S.; Kiptot, E.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper assesses the effectiveness of volunteer farmer trainers in promoting adoption of agricultural technologies in western Kenya. Specifically, the purpose was to assess the type of information they disseminated, farmer trainers' characteristics desirable to farmer trainees, and how trainees evaluate farmer trainers.…

  7. A Mobile Technology Framework for the Dissemination of Cultural Memory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kammas, Stavros

    2009-01-01

    The current research proposes a mobile technology framework in cultural heritage setting for the dissemination of cultural memory among its visitors. The framework studies the complex concept of human memory and attempts to adopt the human information perception, as a learning process, on a mobile framework that will allow their users to interact…

  8. Enabling Content Dissemination Using Efficient and Scalable Multicast

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yin

    its clear performance benefit, multicast has not seen wide deployment over the past two decades. Some, with the number of subscribers and revenues growing rapidly [1]. Multiplayer online games (MMORPGs) are reportedly that are information-centric include: file sharing, software updates, RSS dissemination, video conferencing, online

  9. Enabling Content Dissemination Using Efficient and Scalable Multicast

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yin

    communication. Despite its clear performance benefit, multicast has not seen wide deployment over the past two, with the number of subscribers and revenues growing rapidly [1]. Multiplayer online games (MMORPGs) are reportedly that are information­centric include: file sharing, software updates, RSS dissemination, video conferencing, online

  10. The Dissemination Linking Process: A View from the Regional Exchange.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patrick, Edward; And Others

    The educational dissemination linking process activities of three Regional Exchange specialists at Research for Better Schools in Philadelphia were empirically analyzed to identify: the activities performed in the transfer of information from research to practice; the decisions made about the organization of activities and; contextual factors…

  11. Efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting Services for the Dissemination of Agricultural Information Resources in the Institure for Agricultural Research Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gabriel, KASA, M.

    2012-10-01

    The efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting service for effective organization, storage and retrieval of information resources for agricultural research in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria necessitated examining the situation in Agricultural Library, Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. The study examines the processes, awareness and problems militating against the effective exploitation of the indexing and abstracting services in the Agricultural library established in 1975. The study was conducted ex post facto, data collected span from 2006 ñ 2010. Total sample sizes of 752 patrons and 20,236 intellectually indexed and abstracted resources were involved in the study. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that a total of 644 articles were indexed and abstracted, 35% of these was done in 2010. Results for awareness show 452 (60.11%) to be aware in 2008. A total 584 articles were indexed and abstracted from which 167 (28.59%) was retrieved in 2006. Patrons, 270 (35.90%) attributed the poor use of the service to assumption it is a referral unit. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is significant association between articles indexed and abstracted with information consulted by patrons (?2cal,100.31>?2tab,9.488) at 5% level of probability and df, 4. In conclusion, enormous documents on Nigerian agriculture are indexed and abstracted in the unit, implying that the service is desirous and consistent. The study recommends that the unit should explore the use of modern technology, employ a permanent subject specialist, train and retrain the unit staff as well as intensify it general orientation campaigns to focus on awareness and use of the indexing and abstracting services.

  12. Consumer interpretation of ramipril and clopidogrel medication risk information – implications for risk communication strategies

    PubMed Central

    Tong, Vivien; Raynor, David K; Blalock, Susan J; Aslani, Parisa

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Side effects and side-effect risk information can be provided using written medicine information. However, challenges exist in effectively communicating this information to consumers. This study aimed to explore broad consumer profiles relevant to ramipril and clopidogrel side-effect risk information interpretation. Methods Three focus groups were conducted (n=18 consumers) exploring consumer perspectives, understanding and treatment decision making in response to ramipril and clopidogrel written medicine information leaflets containing side effects and side-effect risk information. All discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed to explore consumer profiles pertaining to side-effect risk appraisal. Results Three consumer profiles emerged: glass half-empty, glass half-full, and middle-of-the-road consumers, highlighting the influence of perceived individual susceptibility, interpretation of side-effect risk information, and interindividual differences, on consumers’ understanding of side-effect risk information. All profiles emphasized the importance of gaining an understanding of individual side-effect risk when taking medicines. Conclusion Written side-effect risk information is not interpreted uniformly by consumers. Consumers formulated their own construct of individual susceptibility to side effects. Health care professionals should consider how consumers interpret side-effect risk information and its impact on medication use. Existing risk communication strategies should be evaluated in light of these profiles to determine their effectiveness in conveying information. PMID:26185427

  13. Investigation of High School Students' Online Science Information Searching Performance: The Role of Implicit and Explicit Strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Meng-Jung; Hsu, Chung-Yuan; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2011-04-01

    Due to a growing trend of exploring scientific knowledge on the Web, a number of studies have been conducted to highlight examination of students' online searching strategies. The investigation of online searching generally employs methods including a survey, interview, screen-capturing, or transactional logs. The present study firstly intended to utilize a survey, the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), to examine users' searching strategies in terms of control, orientation, trial and error, problem solving, purposeful thinking, selecting main ideas, and evaluation, which is defined as implicit strategies. Second, this study conducted screen-capturing to investigate the students' searching behaviors regarding the number of keywords, the quantity and depth of Web page exploration, and time attributes, which is defined as explicit strategies. Ultimately, this study explored the role that these two types of strategies played in predicting the students' online science information searching outcomes. A total of 103 Grade 10 students were recruited from a high school in northern Taiwan. Through Pearson correlation and multiple regression analyses, the results showed that the students' explicit strategies, particularly the time attributes proposed in the present study, were more successful than their implicit strategies in predicting their outcomes of searching science information. The participants who spent more time on detailed reading (explicit strategies) and had better skills of evaluating Web information (implicit strategies) tended to have superior searching performance.

  14. Fatigue risk management by volunteer fire-fighters: Use of informal strategies to augment formal policy.

    PubMed

    Dawson, Drew; Mayger, Katherine; Thomas, Matthew J W; Thompson, Kirrilly

    2015-11-01

    An increasing number and intensity of catastrophic fire events in Australia has led to increasing demands on a mainly volunteer fire-fighting workforce. Despite the increasing likelihood of fatigue in the emergency services environment, there is not yet a systematic, unified approach to fatigue management in fire agencies across Australia. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to identify informal strategies used in volunteer fire-fighting and examine how these strategies are transmitted across the workforce. Thirty experienced Australian volunteer fire-fighters were interviewed in August 2010. The study identified informal fatigue-management behaviours at the individual, team and brigade level that have evolved in fire-fighting environments and are regularly implemented. However, their purpose was not explicitly recognized as such. This apparent paradox - that fatigue proofing behaviours exist but that they are not openly understood as such - may well resolve a potential conflict between a culture of indefatigability in the emergency services sector and the frequent need to operate safely while fatigued. However, formal controls require fire-fighters and their organisations to acknowledge and accept their vulnerability. This suggests two important areas in which to improve formal fatigue risk management in the emergency services sector: (1) identifying and formalising tacit or informal fatigue coping strategies as legitimate elements of the fatigue risk management system; and (2) developing culturally appropriate techniques for systematically communicating fatigue levels to self and others. PMID:26322733

  15. Disseminating results: community response and input on Kisumu breastfeeding study.

    PubMed

    Ondenge, K; McLellan-Lemal, E; Awuonda, E; Angira, F; Mills, L A; Thomas, T

    2015-06-01

    Communicating findings to study participants and their communities is a practice that often gets overlooked or receives low prioritization by research investigators, but is crucially important. The purpose of this study was to describe the process and community response to the dissemination of results from the Kisumu Breastfeeding Study (KiBS), specifically in terms of (1) community research knowledge and expectations and (2) impressions of result dissemination efforts. A qualitative evaluation was completed for 10 result dissemination events using focus group discussions (FGDs) (n?=?10; total number of participants?=?98). An inductive, thematic qualitative data analysis was completed in NVivo 8.0. Overall, FGD participants expressed great appreciation for being given information on the study results. Participants had a good understanding of what research entails and had specific expectations for the process, including that the community receive information about the study, not only at the end of the study but also at regular intervals throughout the study's conduct. They also wanted to receive the communications from a credible source, the principal investigator preferably. Other expectations centered on better community and research interactions and development and the use of community collaborators. Impressions of KiBS result dissemination events were positive, but suggestions for the future included having the event in a larger area, inviting more people, having more written materials, and putting the information in an entertaining format such as skits or movies. Sharing study findings with local community members is essential and beneficial to the researchers' long-term engagement with communities and importantly, the successful implementation of study findings when appropriate. It is imperative that dissemination of results be embedded as an integral part of research project planning and development. PMID:26029283

  16. Dissemination, Adoption, and Implementation of Acamprosate for Treating Alcohol Use Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Knudsen, Hannah K; Roman, Paul M

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Acamprosate has been available in the United States for treating alcohol use disorders (AUDs) for nearly a decade, yet few studies have examined its use within AUD treatment organizations. In addition to describing dissemination and adoption of acamprosate, this study provides novel data regarding organizational processes that underlie its implementation within adopting programs. Method: Data were drawn from interviews with leaders of a nationally representative sample of 307 organizations delivering AUD treatment. Quantitative indicators of organizational characteristics, dissemination, adoption, and implementation of acamprosate, as well as qualitative measures of implementation processes, were measured during face-to-face interviews. Results: Only 18.0% (n = 55) of sampled organizations had adopted acamprosate for treating AUDs, and adoption was positively associated with accreditation, having a physician on staff, receiving information about acamprosate via pharmaceutical representatives, and learning about this medication from other treatment providers. Within adopting programs, an average of 6.0% of AUD patients were currently receiving acamprosate. Numerous implementation challenges were identified, including appropriate patient selection, patient reluctance to be prescribed acamprosate, suboptimal adherence, its costs, and limited counselor training. Conclusions: The limited adoption and implementation of acamprosate likely limits the potential public health impact of this adjunct to AUD treatment. Research integrating the perspectives of organizational leaders, medical professionals, and patients is needed to determine whether specific strategies can address the implementation challenges identified in the current study and increase use of acamprosate in specialty AUD treatment settings. PMID:24766759

  17. Probabilistic methods for distributed information dissemination

    E-print Network

    Haeupler, Bernhard

    2013-01-01

    The ever-increasing growth of modern networks comes with a paradigm shift in network operation. Networks can no longer be abstracted as deterministic, centrally controlled systems with static topologies but need to be ...

  18. Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera, William M.

    2006-01-01

    As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

  19. Leveraging social information systems : using blogs to inform technology strategy decisions

    E-print Network

    Seshasai, Satwiksai, 1980-

    2011-01-01

    In the knowledge economy there is a need to develop new methods for processing Internet-based information to achieve growth. This is particularly applicable in complex systems where fact and perception of reality influence ...

  20. Connecting Network Properties of Rapidly Disseminating Epizoonotics

    PubMed Central

    Rivas, Ariel L.; Fasina, Folorunso O.; Hoogesteyn, Almira L.; Konah, Steven N.; Febles, José L.; Perkins, Douglas J.; Hyman, James M.; Fair, Jeanne M.; Hittner, James B.; Smith, Steven D.

    2012-01-01

    Background To effectively control the geographical dissemination of infectious diseases, their properties need to be determined. To test that rapid microbial dispersal requires not only susceptible hosts but also a pre-existing, connecting network, we explored constructs meant to reveal the network properties associated with disease spread, which included the road structure. Methods Using geo-temporal data collected from epizoonotics in which all hosts were susceptible (mammals infected by Foot-and-mouth disease virus, Uruguay, 2001; birds infected by Avian Influenza virus H5N1, Nigeria, 2006), two models were compared: 1) ‘connectivity’, a model that integrated bio-physical concepts (the agent’s transmission cycle, road topology) into indicators designed to measure networks (‘nodes’ or infected sites with short- and long-range links), and 2) ‘contacts’, which focused on infected individuals but did not assess connectivity. Results The connectivity model showed five network properties: 1) spatial aggregation of cases (disease clusters), 2) links among similar ‘nodes’ (assortativity), 3) simultaneous activation of similar nodes (synchronicity), 4) disease flows moving from highly to poorly connected nodes (directionality), and 5) a few nodes accounting for most cases (a “20?80? pattern). In both epizoonotics, 1) not all primary cases were connected but at least one primary case was connected, 2) highly connected, small areas (nodes) accounted for most cases, 3) several classes of nodes were distinguished, and 4) the contact model, which assumed all primary cases were identical, captured half the number of cases identified by the connectivity model. When assessed together, the synchronicity and directionality properties explained when and where an infectious disease spreads. Conclusions Geo-temporal constructs of Network Theory’s nodes and links were retrospectively validated in rapidly disseminating infectious diseases. They distinguished classes of cases, nodes, and networks, generating information usable to revise theory and optimize control measures. Prospective studies that consider pre-outbreak predictors, such as connecting networks, are recommended. PMID:22761900

  1. Policy, Systems, and Environmental Approaches to Obesity Prevention: Translating and Disseminating Evidence from Practice.

    PubMed

    Leeman, Jennifer; Aycock, Nancy; Paxton-Aiken, Amy; Lowe-Wilson, Abby; Sommers, Janice; Farris, Rosanne; Thompson, Diane; Ammerman, Alice

    2015-01-01

    To reduce obesity prevalence, public health practitioners are intervening to change health behaviors as well as the policies, systems, and environments (PSEs) that support healthy behaviors. Although the number of recommended PSE intervention strategies continues to grow, limited guidance is available on how to implement those strategies in practice. This article describes the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Center for Training and Research Translation's (Center TRT's) approach to reviewing, translating, and disseminating practitioner-developed interventions, with the goal of providing more practical guidance on how to implement PSE intervention strategies in real-world practice. As of August 2014, Center TRT had disseminated 30 practice-based PSE interventions. This article provides an overview of Center TRT's process for reviewing, translating, and disseminating practice-based interventions and offers key lessons learned during the nine years that Center TRT has engaged in this work. PMID:26556933

  2. Once and for all--how people change strategy to ignore irrelevant information in visual tasks.

    PubMed

    Gaschler, Robert; Marewski, Julian N; Frensch, Peter A

    2015-01-01

    Ignoring irrelevant visual information aids efficient interaction with task environments. We studied how people, after practice, start to ignore the irrelevant aspects of stimuli. For this we focused on how information reduction transfers to rarely practised and novel stimuli. In Experiment 1, we compared competing mathematical models on how people cease to fixate on irrelevant parts of stimuli. Information reduction occurred at the same rate for frequent, infrequent, and novel stimuli. Once acquired with some stimuli, it was applied to all. In Experiment 2, simplification of task processing also occurred in a once-for-all manner when spatial regularities were ruled out so that people could not rely on learning which screen position is irrelevant. Apparently, changes in eye movements were an effect of a once-for-all strategy change rather than a cause of it. Overall, the results suggest that participants incidentally acquired knowledge about regularities in the task material and then decided to voluntarily apply it for efficient task processing. Such decisions should be incorporated into accounts of information reduction and other theories of strategy change in skill acquisition. PMID:25203902

  3. Information access in a dual-task context: testing a model of optimal strategy selection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wickens, C. D.; Seidler, K. S.

    1997-01-01

    Pilots were required to access information from a hierarchical aviation database by navigating under single-task conditions (Experiment 1) and when this task was time-shared with an altitude-monitoring task of varying bandwidth and priority (Experiment 2). In dual-task conditions, pilots had 2 viewports available, 1 always used for the information task and the other to be allocated to either task. Dual-task strategy, inferred from the decision of which task to allocate to the 2nd viewport, revealed that allocation was generally biased in favor of the monitoring task and was only partly sensitive to the difficulty of the 2 tasks and their relative priorities. Some dominant sources of navigational difficulties failed to adaptively influence selection strategy. The implications of the results are to provide tools for jumping to the top of the database, to provide 2 viewports into the common database, and to provide training as to the optimum viewport management strategy in a multitask environment.

  4. Adult Basic Education: Research, Demonstration, Staff Development and Dissemination. Proceedings of the 1978 Virgina ABE Dissemination Conference (Ingleside Resort Hotel, Staunton, Virginia, July 31-August 2, 1978).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Adult Education Service.

    This conference proceedings report contains abstracts of seven 1977-78 Virginia Adult Basic Education (ABE) projects presented at a dissemination conference for ABE administrators and teachers. The abstracts vary in length (two to seven pages) and format and focus on program objectives, procedures or strategies, expected results, findings,…

  5. Dialogic Strategies in Read-Alouds of English-Language Information Books in a Second-Grade Bilingual Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pappas, Christine C.; Varelas, Maria; Patton, Sofia Kokkino; Ye, Li; Ortiz, Ibett

    2012-01-01

    This article shows how various dialogic discourse strategies were used in read-alouds of English science information books in a 2nd-grade bilingual classroom. Using a variety of discursive strategies, Ibett encouraged her Spanish-speaking students to provide explanations and reasoning related to science ideas. Similarly, she used intertextual…

  6. Effective and Ineffective Coping with Bullying Strategies as Assessed by Informed Professionals and Their Use by Victimised Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray-Harvey, Rosalind; Skrzypiec, Grace; Slee, Phillip T.

    2012-01-01

    What strategies do students use to cope with bullying and how effective are they? Answers to such questions will not only help students understand how they can cope, but also inform school-wide policies and practices to reduce the incidence of bullying. To do this, schools need evidence on what strategies to focus on to most effectively target…

  7. 966 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 22, NO. 6, AUGUST 2004 Side Information Aware Coding Strategies

    E-print Network

    Wornell, Gregory W.

    , IEEE Abstract--We develop coding strategies for estimation under communication constraints in tree, communication, and estimation aspects of the problem. Our design significantly outperforms strategies where data966 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 22, NO. 6, AUGUST 2004 Side Information

  8. Quantifying improvements in the Engineering-Procurement-Construction (EPC) process from the implementation of information management strategies within materials management 

    E-print Network

    Toon, Jeffrey Lee

    1997-01-01

    the process, 4) to improve product quality, and 5) to attain a competitive advantage. This study quantifies time and cost impacts on the Engineering Procurement-Construction (EPC) process due to the implementation of information management strategies within...

  9. Dissemination Model Assistance Project (DMAP): Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Marie T.

    The report describes the Dissemination Model Assistance Project (DMAP), designed to assist state education agencies to comply with requirements of P.L. 94-142 (The Education For All Handicapped Children Act) for a comprehensive system of Personnel Development, specifically the dissemination and adoption of proven practices. The project drew on…

  10. Disseminated Herpes Simplex Virus with Fulminant Hepatitis

    PubMed Central

    Rimawi, Bassam H.; Meserve, Joseph; Rimawi, Ramzy H.; Min, Zaw; Gnann, John W.

    2015-01-01

    Disseminated herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a rare cause of acute fulminant liver failure. We hereby present a case series of three patients with acute disseminated HSV with necrotizing hepatitis successfully treated with a week course of acyclovir. Early empiric administration of acyclovir therapy while awaiting confirmatory tests is critical in this potentially lethal disease. PMID:26290760

  11. Electronic strategies for information and research: cyberNephrology/cyberMedicine in the emerging world.

    PubMed

    Solez, Kim; Hales, Michele; Katz, Sheila Moriber

    2005-09-01

    Communication and medicine have evolved together. Internet resources now provide an unprecedented opportunity to provide health assistance to the developing world. The International Society of Nephrology Informatics Commission and National Kidney Foundation cyberNephrology initiative (http://www.cybernephrology.org) have created e-mail discussion groups (e.g., NEPHROL, NEPHKIDS, and so forth) and online texts and web resources (e.g., the Schrier Atlas: http://www.kidneyatlas.org) that are, in many respects, ahead of other areas of medicine. On the other hand, nephrology is quite behind in its embrace of some specific communications initiatives that could benefit emerging nations: the Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative program, which provides free full-text access to medical journals and books in poorer countries; the Global Health Network Supercourse, which provides specially designed online lectures for the developing world; and Internet2/Abilene and similar research networks around the world, which provide reliable, guaranteed bandwidth for high-quality Internet videoconferencing as an alternative to face-to-face lectures and meetings. The intent of many educational ventures in nephrology, particularly in the clinical practice guideline realm (National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative, Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes, and so forth), is not just to disseminate information but to change human behavior: physician practice and referral patterns, patient compliance, and so forth. Concepts from the worlds of marketing and entertainment, where the science of changing human behavior is highly evolved, can be used to create high-impact, educational offerings to promote health. They can also be highly beneficial to share Internet educational innovations and future vision across boundaries of medical specialties, which is part of the intent of the cyberMedicine joint venture (http://www.cyber-medicine.org). PMID:16108980

  12. Impact of information cost and switching of trading strategies in an artificial stock market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yi-Fang; Zhang, Wei; Xu, Chao; Vitting Andersen, Jørgen; Xu, Hai-Chuan

    2014-08-01

    This paper studies the switching of trading strategies and its effect on the market volatility in a continuous double auction market. We describe the behavior when some uninformed agents, who we call switchers, decide whether or not to pay for information before they trade. By paying for the information they behave as informed traders. First we verify that our model is able to reproduce some of the stylized facts in real financial markets. Next we consider the relationship between switching and the market volatility under different structures of investors. We find that there exists a positive relationship between the market volatility and the percentage of switchers. We therefore conclude that the switchers are a destabilizing factor in the market. However, for a given fixed percentage of switchers, the proportion of switchers that decide to buy information at a given moment of time is negatively related to the current market volatility. In other words, if more agents pay for information to know the fundamental value at some time, the market volatility will be lower. This is because the market price is closer to the fundamental value due to information diffusion between switchers.

  13. Brief Communication: On the rapid and efficient monitoring results dissemination in landslide emergency scenarios: the Mont de La Saxe case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giordan, D.; Manconi, A.; Allasia, P.; Bertolo, D.

    2015-09-01

    Straightforward communication of monitoring results is of major importance in emergency scenarios relevant to large slope instabilities. Here we describe the communication strategy developed for the Mont de La Saxe rockslide threatening La Palud and Entrèves hamlets in the Courmayeur municipality (Aosta Valley, Italy). Starting from the definition of actions and needs of the landslide management team, including scientists, technicians, civil protection operators, decision makers, and politicians, we show that sharing and disseminating ad hoc information simplifies the understanding of the landslide evolution, as well as the correct communication of the level of criticality.

  14. Brief Communication: On the rapid and efficient monitoring results dissemination in landslide emergency scenarios: the Mont de La Saxe case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giordan, D.; Manconi, A.; Allasia, P.; Bertolo, D.

    2015-04-01

    Straightforward communication of monitoring results is of major importance in emergency scenarios relevant to large slope instabilities. Here we describe the communication strategy developed for the Mont de La Saxe case study, a large rockslide threatening La Palud and Entrèves hamlets in the Courmayeur municipality (Aosta Valley, Italy). Starting from the definition of actions and needs of the Landslide Management Team, including scientists, technicians, civil protection operators, decision makers, and politicians, we show that sharing and disseminating ad hoc information simplifies the understanding of the landslide evolution, as well as the correct communication of the level of criticality.

  15. Risk evaluation and mitigation strategy programs in solid organ transplantation: the promises of information technology

    PubMed Central

    Tsapepas, Demetra S; McKeen, Jaclyn T; Martin, Spencer T; Walker-McDermott, Jennifer K; Yang, Alex; Hirsch, Jamie; Mohan, Sumit; Tiwari, Ruchi

    2014-01-01

    Risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS) required by the Food and Drug Administration are implemented to manage known or potential risks associated with medications and to ensure ongoing safe use throughout the life of a pharmaceutical agent. Healthcare organizations have begun to adopt information technologies with clinical decision support (CDS) to ensure safe use of medications. Systems have been expanded and customized to also ensure compliance with regulatory standards. End users who are unfamiliar with particular medication use provisions are at risk of unknowingly inappropriately fulfilling specific components. Institution-specific customization of vendor-provided CDS is useful to enhance provider awareness and ensure compliance with standards. Integration of health information technology systems to fulfill REMS requirements is novel and important to ensure consistency as healthcare standards evolve. PMID:24573422

  16. 76 FR 46834 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Notice of Funding Availability...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ...disseminate methods of sustainable construction suitable...applications on curriculum development/training and information...dissemination related to sustainable construction in four...applications on curriculum development/training and information...dissemination related to sustainable construction in...

  17. Disseminated Congenital Neuroblastoma – An Autopsy Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kumbhar, Sujata. S.; Shukla, Dhirajkumar B; Mavi, Sonu

    2015-01-01

    Neuroblastoma is the most common malignant tumour in the neonatal age group. The tumour is derived from neural crest cells of adrenal gland medulla or sympathetic ganglia. Disseminated congenital neuroblastoma is very rare. We hereby report a case of congenital neuroblastoma with multiple metastases diagnosed on autopsy in a fetus of 23 weeks gestational age. Autopsy revealed enlarged bilateral adrenals, large fusiform mass in the right humerus, mass in the lower lobe of left lung and posterior chest wall. Diagnosis of disseminated congenital neuroblastoma was given after histopathological and immunohistochemical examination. We are reporting this case for its rare presentation of disseminated form of congenital neuroblastoma sparing liver. PMID:26155483

  18. Transbronchial Dissemination of Squamous Cell Lung Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Tadokoro, Akira; Kanaji, Nobuhiro; Ishii, Tomoya; Watanabe, Naoki; Inoue, Takuya; Kadowaki, Norimitsu; Bandoh, Shuji

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of squamous cell lung cancer with transbronchial dissemination in a 73-year-old man. Bronchoscopic examination revealed multiple bronchial mucosal nodules that existed independently of one another. We reviewed 16 previous cases of endobronchial metastasis in lung cancer. All patients were men. Among the reports that described the smoking history, most patients were smokers (6/7), and the most frequent histological type of cancer was squamous cell carcinoma (11/17). Although hematogenous and lymphogenous routes have been reported as metastatic mechanisms, no previous cases involving transbronchial dissemination have been described. Transbronchial dissemination may be an alternative pathway of endobronchial metastasis. PMID:26672760

  19. Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Thomas D.

    2011-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

  20. Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Thomas D.

    2010-01-01

    Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

  1. Improved Drought Management Strategies for the Triangle Area Utilizing Climate-Information based Probabilistic Streamflow Forecasts (NC Water Resources Research

    E-print Network

    Arumugam, Sankar

    Improved Drought Management Strategies for the Triangle Area Utilizing Climate- Information based: Sankarasubramanian Arumugam PROJECT SUMMARY A prognostic approach to improve drought management in the Triangle Area is proposed here that integrates climate information based seasonal streamflow forecasts with the drought

  2. Approved Module Information for BMM604, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Marketing Strategy Module Code: BMM604

    E-print Network

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for BMM604, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Marketing Strategy Module Code: Masters Available to Exchange Students? Not Specified Module Dependancies Pre-requisites: Marketing Management (BMM601). Co-requisites: None Specified Module Learning Information Module Aims: The Marketing

  3. A security framework for nationwide health information exchange based on telehealth strategy.

    PubMed

    Zaidan, B B; Haiqi, Ahmed; Zaidan, A A; Abdulnabi, Mohamed; Kiah, M L Mat; Muzamel, Hussaen

    2015-05-01

    This study focuses on the situation of health information exchange (HIE) in the context of a nationwide network. It aims to create a security framework that can be implemented to ensure the safe transmission of health information across the boundaries of care providers in Malaysia and other countries. First, a critique of the major elements of nationwide health information networks is presented from the perspective of security, along with such topics as the importance of HIE, issues, and main approaches. Second, a systematic evaluation is conducted on the security solutions that can be utilized in the proposed nationwide network. Finally, a secure framework for health information transmission is proposed within a central cloud-based model, which is compatible with the Malaysian telehealth strategy. The outcome of this analysis indicates that a complete security framework for a global structure of HIE is yet to be defined and implemented. Our proposed framework represents such an endeavor and suggests specific techniques to achieve this goal. PMID:25732083

  4. Converting hard copy documents for electronic dissemination

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, F.

    1994-12-31

    Since the advent of computer systems, the goal of a paperless office, and even a paperless society, has been pursued. While the normal paper flow in an organization is far from totally automated, particularly for items requiring signatures or authorizations, electronic information dissemination is becoming an almost simple task. The reasons for providing on-line documents are many and include faster and easier access for everyone, elimination of printing costs, reduction of wasted shelf and desk space, and the security of having a centrally-located, always up-to-date document. New computer software even provides the user with the ability to annotate documents and to have bookmarks so that the old scribbled-in and dog-eared manual can be replaced without loosing this `customizability`. Moreover, new hypermedia capabilities mean that documents can be read in a non-linear fashion and can include color figures and photographs, audio, and even animation sequences, capabilities which exceed those of paper. The proliferation of network-based information servers, coupled with the growth of the Internet, has enticed academic, governmental, and even commercial organizations to provide increasing numbers of documents and data bases in electronic form via the network, not just to internal staff, but to the public as well. Much of this information, which includes everything from mundane company procedures to spiffy marketing brochures, was previously published only in hard copy. Converting existing documents to electronic form and producing only electronic versions of new documents poses some interesting challenges to the maintainer or author.

  5. Dissemination of an Innovative Mastery Learning Curriculum Grounded in Implementation Science Principles: A Case Study.

    PubMed

    McGaghie, William C; Barsuk, Jeffrey H; Cohen, Elaine R; Kristopaitis, Theresa; Wayne, Diane B

    2015-11-01

    Dissemination of a medical education innovation, such as mastery learning, from a setting where it has been used successfully to a new and different medical education environment is not easy. This article describes the uneven yet successful dissemination of a simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) curriculum on central venous catheter (CVC) insertion for internal medicine and emergency medicine residents across medical education settings. The dissemination program was grounded in implementation science principles. The article begins by describing implementation science which addresses the mechanisms of medical education and health care delivery. The authors then present a mastery learning case study in two phases: (1) the development, implementation, and evaluation of the SBML CVC curriculum at a tertiary care academic medical center; and (2) the dissemination of the SBML CVC curriculum to an academic community hospital setting. Contextual information about the drivers and barriers that affected the SBML CVC curriculum dissemination is presented. This work demonstrates that dissemination of mastery learning curricula, like all other medical education innovations, will fail without active educational leadership, personal contacts, dedication, hard work, rigorous measurement, and attention to implementation science principles. The article concludes by presenting a set of lessons learned about disseminating an SBML CVC curriculum across different medical education settings. PMID:26352761

  6. Dissemination Activities: A Critical New Role for Substance Abuse Treatment Organizations

    PubMed Central

    Blum, Terry C.; Roman, Paul M.

    2014-01-01

    The Affordable Care Act calls for integration of substance abuse treatment into medical care via medical homes and continuing specialty care. For this integration to occur in the substance abuse treatment field, substantial sharing and dissemination of information by treatment providers is required. This study explored the determinants of organizational activities directed at disseminating evidence-based practices (EBP) undertaken by 193 community treatment programs who are members of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Clinical Trials Network. Using factor analysis, the research identified two generic categories reflecting different motivations for dissemination activities, and explored both treatment center leadership and organizational characteristics as determinants of these different types of dissemination activities. Organizational characteristics predicting treatment center dissemination activities included size, previous involvement in research protocols, linkages with other providers, and having non-profit status. The treatment center leader's membership in professional organizations was also a significant determinant. Organization variables account for a larger portion of the variance in treatment center dissemination activities. The results suggest that the willingness of treatment providers to help disseminate EBPs within the industry may be heavily influenced through shared network connections with other treatment organizations. PMID:24722825

  7. Novel survey disseminated through Twitter supports its utility for networking, disseminating research, advocacy, clinical practice and other professional goals

    PubMed Central

    Borgmann, Hendrik; DeWitt, Sasha; Tsaur, Igor; Haferkamp, Axel; Loeb, Stacy

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Twitter use has grown exponentially within the urological community. We aimed to determine the perceptions of the impact of Twitter on users’ clinical practice, research, and other professional activities. Methods: We performed an 11-item online survey of Twitter contributors during two major urological meetings: the European Association of Urology (EAU) and the American Urological Association (AUA) annual meetings. During the EAU 2014 meeting, we distributed the survey via the meeting official Twitter feed. During the AUA 2014 meeting, we applied a new method by directly sending the survey to Twitter contributors. We performed a subset analysis for assessing the perceived impact of Twitter on the clinical practice of physicians. Results: Among 312 total respondents, the greatest perceived benefits of Twitter among users were for networking (97%) and disseminating information (96%), followed by research (75%), advocacy (74%) and career development (62%). In total, 65% of Twitter users have dealt with guidelines on online medical professionalism and 71% of physician users found that Twitter had an impact on their clinical practice, and 33% had made a clinical decision based on an online case discussion. Conclusions: Our results suggest that Twitter users in the urological community perceive important benefits. These benefits extend to multiple professional domains, particularly networking, disseminating information, remote conference participation, research, and advocacy. This is the first study that has been disseminated to targeted individuals from the urological community directly through tweets, providing a proof of principle for this research method. PMID:26664662

  8. Disseminated cysticercosis with pulmonary and cardiac involvement.

    PubMed

    Jain, Bharat K; Sankhe, Shilpa S; Agrawal, Mukta D; Naphade, Prashant S

    2010-11-01

    Pulmonary and cardiac involvement by cysticercosis is extremely rare, and is usually asymptomatic. We report the case of a 19-year-old boy who presented with a history of headache and vomiting and was found to have disseminated cysticercosis with pulmonary and cardiac involvement; the emphasis is on the rare occurrence of pulmonary, cardiac, pancreatic, intraocular, and extradural spinal canal involvement in the same patient. This case demonstrates the extent to which cysticercosis can be disseminated. PMID:21423911

  9. Disseminated cysticercosis with pulmonary and cardiac involvement

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Bharat K; Sankhe, Shilpa S; Agrawal, Mukta D; Naphade, Prashant S

    2010-01-01

    Pulmonary and cardiac involvement by cysticercosis is extremely rare, and is usually asymptomatic. We report the case of a 19-year-old boy who presented with a history of headache and vomiting and was found to have disseminated cysticercosis with pulmonary and cardiac involvement; the emphasis is on the rare occurrence of pulmonary, cardiac, pancreatic, intraocular, and extradural spinal canal involvement in the same patient. This case demonstrates the extent to which cysticercosis can be disseminated. PMID:21423911

  10. New Structures for the Effective Dissemination of Knowledge in an Enterprise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kok, J. Andrew

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the creation of knowledge enterprises. Highlights include knowledge creation and sharing; networked organizational structures; structures of knowledge organization; competitive strategies; new structures to manage knowledge; boundary crossing; multi-skilled teams; communities of interest or practice; and dissemination of knowledge in an…

  11. Community Dissemination of the Early Start Denver Model: Implications for Science and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vismara, Laurie A.; Young, Gregory S.; Rogers, Sally J.

    2013-01-01

    The growing number of Autism Spectrum Disorder cases exceeds the services available for these children. This increase challenges both researchers and service providers to develop systematic, effective dissemination strategies for transporting university research models to community early intervention (EI) programs. The current study developed an…

  12. Does the mind map learning strategy facilitate information retrieval and critical thinking in medical students?

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background A learning strategy underutilized in medical education is mind mapping. Mind maps are multi-sensory tools that may help medical students organize, integrate, and retain information. Recent work suggests that using mind mapping as a note-taking strategy facilitates critical thinking. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and critical thinking, as measured by the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT), and whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and recall of domain-based information. Methods In this quasi-experimental study, 131 first-year medical students were randomly assigned to a standard note-taking (SNT) group or mind map (MM) group during orientation. Subjects were given a demographic survey and pre-HSRT. They were then given an unfamiliar text passage, a pre-quiz based upon the passage, and a 30-minute break, during which time subjects in the MM group were given a presentation on mind mapping. After the break, subjects were given the same passage and wrote notes based on their group (SNT or MM) assignment. A post-quiz based upon the passage was administered, followed by a post-HSRT. Differences in mean pre- and post-quiz scores between groups were analyzed using independent samples t-tests, whereas differences in mean pre- and post-HSRT total scores and subscores between groups were analyzed using ANOVA. Mind map depth was assessed using the Mind Map Assessment Rubric (MMAR). Results There were no significant differences in mean scores on both the pre- and post-quizzes between note-taking groups. And, no significant differences were found between pre- and post-HSRT mean total scores and subscores. Conclusions Although mind mapping was not found to increase short-term recall of domain-based information or critical thinking compared to SNT, a brief introduction to mind mapping allowed novice MM subjects to perform similarly to SNT subjects. This demonstrates that medical students using mind maps can successfully retrieve information in the short term, and does not put them at a disadvantage compared to SNT students. Future studies should explore longitudinal effects of mind-map proficiency training on both short- and long-term information retrieval and critical thinking. PMID:20846442

  13. Engaging All Americans: Innovative Strategies for Reaching the Public with Climate and Environmental Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Espinoza, S.

    2014-12-01

    From extensive drought and heat waves to floods, tornadoes and Superstorm Sandy, extreme weather and climate events provide teachable moments to help communities prepare for and respond to related environmental, economic and health impacts. The National Environmental Education Foundation (www.neefusa.org) works with the American Meteorological Society, the media and other trusted messengers to provide weather, climate and environmental information to the public in accessible and widely used formats, whether via TV, radio or social media. NEEF will provide an overview of innovative partnerships and projects that are engaging Americans in understanding and using climate and environmental information to make the best choices in their daily lives and improve the health of their communities, including: Assessing knowledge, attitudes and behaviors: NEEF will share results from its national survey research and targeted focus groups on current attitudes and practices relating to our nation's environment. Simplifying and amplifying key messages: NEEF provides a national network of more than 350 meteorologists, radio broadcasters and journalists with the science-based information and resources they need to present climate and environmental topics to their viewers on-air, online and in community outreach. Engaging television viewers in citizen science: Eyes on Central PA, a pilot project of NEEF, Project Noah and WTAJ-TV, harnesses Project Noah's citizen science platform to collect and display photos of wildlife from WTAJ-TV viewers. NEEF and WTAJ provide regular blogs and on-air stories that highlight viewers' photos and link them to local weather conditions and climate trends. Expanding the conversation: NEEF's multimedia strategy in the Mid-Atlantic U.S. is reaching Spanish-speaking audiences with climate and environmental information through regular radio and television broadcasts. We are also exploring ways to reach other non-traditional audiences, including faith communities and sports fans, with weather, climate and preparedness information.

  14. An integrated climate service strategy for African drought monitoring and prediction: linking information to action

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Funk, C.; Verdin, J. P.; Rowland, J.; Budde, M.

    2008-12-01

    For 23 years, the US Agency for International Development's Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) has applied climate data analysis in support of timely food insecurity mitigation and adaptation in Africa. FEWS NET, therefore, provides a compelling example of a sector-specific climate service. We briefly review the phases, successes and shortcomings of the FEWS NET climate service, describe an improved long term climate service strategy, and present new research supporting an improved, integrated drought monitoring approach. Our new monitoring system emphasizes seamless links between historical precipitation archives, near real-time rainfall estimates, and 1-to-4 month statistical predictions. Assessment of forecast skill shows useful levels of accuracy for many regions during key periods of the growing season. Integrating these forecasts with near real time blended satellite-gauge precipitation observations facilitates early identification of mid-season agricultural drought. Integrated historical climate archives (1979-present) permit analysis of observed and forecast climate conditions in terms of historical probabilities and analogs. Tools specific to staple crops and pastoralist settings are then used to assess the likely impacts of hydrometeorological anomalies. These are geographically integrated with livelihoods information and interpreted in terms of current food security conditions and timelines to determine human consequences. A client-server web-mapping data portal will allow users to dynamically access the climate anomaly information, and visualize the results in conjunction with livelihood information.

  15. Dissemination of a highly virulent pathogen: tracking the early events that define infection.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez, Rodrigo J; Lane, M Chelsea; Wagner, Nikki J; Weening, Eric H; Miller, Virginia L

    2015-01-01

    The series of events that occurs immediately after pathogen entrance into the body is largely speculative. Key aspects of these events are pathogen dissemination and pathogen interactions with the immune response as the invader moves into deeper tissues. We sought to define major events that occur early during infection of a highly virulent pathogen. To this end, we tracked early dissemination of Yersinia pestis, a highly pathogenic bacterium that causes bubonic plague in mammals. Specifically, we addressed two fundamental questions: (1) do the bacteria encounter barriers in disseminating to draining lymph nodes (LN), and (2) what mechanism does this nonmotile bacterium use to reach the LN compartment, as the prevailing model predicts trafficking in association with host cells. Infection was followed through microscopy imaging in addition to assessing bacterial population dynamics during dissemination from the skin. We found and characterized an unexpected bottleneck that severely restricts bacterial dissemination to LNs. The bacteria that do not pass through this bottleneck are confined to the skin, where large numbers of neutrophils arrive and efficiently control bacterial proliferation. Notably, bottleneck formation is route dependent, as it is abrogated after subcutaneous inoculation. Using a combination of approaches, including microscopy imaging, we tested the prevailing model of bacterial dissemination from the skin into LNs and found no evidence of involvement of migrating phagocytes in dissemination. Thus, early stages of infection are defined by a bottleneck that restricts bacterial dissemination and by neutrophil-dependent control of bacterial proliferation in the skin. Furthermore, and as opposed to current models, our data indicate an intracellular stage is not required by Y. pestis to disseminate from the skin to draining LNs. Because our findings address events that occur during early encounters of pathogen with the immune response, this work can inform efforts to prevent or control infection. PMID:25611317

  16. An Efficient Index Dissemination in Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, Yusuke; Izumi, Taisuke; Kakugawa, Hirotsugu; Masuzawa, Toshimitsu

    Using Bloom filters is one of the most popular and efficient lookup methods in P2P networks. A Bloom filter is a representation of data item indices, which achieves small memory requirement by allowing one-sided errors (false positive). In the lookup scheme besed on the Bloom filter, each peer disseminates a Bloom filter representing indices of the data items it owns in advance. Using the information of disseminated Bloom filters as a clue, each query can find a short path to its destination. In this paper, we propose an efficient extension of the Bloom filter, called a Deterministic Decay Bloom Filter (DDBF) and an index dissemination method based on it. While the index dissemination based on a standard Bloom filter suffers performance degradation by containing information of too many data items when its dissemination radius is large, the DDBF can circumvent such degradation by limiting information according to the distance between the filter holder and the items holders, i. e., a DDBF contains less information for faraway items and more information for nearby items. Interestingly, the construction of DDBFs requires no extra cost above that of standard filters. We also show by simulation that our method can achieve better lookup performance than existing ones.

  17. Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

    2012-01-01

    The sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free materials. Half of the ski areas were randomly assigned to a theory-based Enhanced Dissemination Strategy (EDS) with personal contact supporting GSS use. Use of GSS was assessed at immediate and long-term follow-up posttests by on-site observation. Use of GSS declined from the immediate (M=5.72) to the long-term follow-up (M=6.24), F[1,62]=6.95, p=.01, but EDS ski areas (M=6.53) continued to use GSS more than BDS ski areas (M=4.49), F(1,62)=5.75, p=0.02, regardless of observation, F(1,60)=0.05, p=.83. Despite declines over time, a group of ski areas had sustained high program use and active dissemination methods had sustained positive effects on GSS implementation. PMID:22102323

  18. A hazard-independent approach for the standardised multi-channel dissemination of warning messages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esbri Palomares, M. A.; Hammitzsch, M.; Lendholt, M.

    2012-04-01

    The tsunami disaster affecting the Indian Ocean region on Christmas 2004 demonstrated very clearly the shortcomings in tsunami detection, public warning processes as well as intergovernmental warning message exchange in the Indian Ocean region. In that regard, early warning systems require that the dissemination of early warning messages has to be executed in way that ensures that the message delivery is timely; the message content is understandable, usable and accurate. To that end, diverse and multiple dissemination channels must be used to increase the chance of the messages reaching all affected persons in a hazard scenario. In addition to this, usage of internationally accepted standards for the warning dissemination such as the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) and Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL) Distribution Element specified by the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) increase the interoperability among different warning systems enabling thus the concept of system-of-systems proposed by GEOSS. The project Distant Early Warning System (DEWS), co-funded by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme, aims at strengthening the early warning capacities by building an innovative generation of interoperable tsunami early warning systems based on the above mentioned concepts following a Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) approach. The project focuses on the downstream part of the hazard information processing where customized, user-tailored warning messages and alerts flow from the warning centre to the responsible authorities and/or the public with their different needs and responsibilities. The information logistics services within DEWS generate tailored EDXL-DE/CAP warning messages for each user that must receive the message according to their preferences, e.g., settings for language, interested areas, dissemination channels, etc.. However, the significant difference in the implementation and capabilities of different dissemination channels such as SMS, email and television, have bearing on the information processing required for delivery and consumption of a DEWS EDXL-DE/CAP message over each dissemination channel. These messages may include additional information in the form of maps, graphs, documents, sensor observations, etc. Therefore, the generated messages are pre-processed by channel adaptors in the information dissemination services converting it into a format that is suitable for end-to-end delivery over the dissemination channels without any semantic distortion. The approach followed by DEWS for disseminating warnings not only relies on traditional communication ways used by the already established early warnings such as the delivery of faxes and phone calls but takes into consideration the use of other broadly used communication channels such as SMS, email, narrowcast and broadcast television, instant messaging, Voice over IP, and radio. It also takes advantage of social media channels like RSS feeds, Facebook, Twitter, etc., enabling a multiplier effect, like in the case of radio and television, and thus allowing to create mash-ups by aggregating other sources of information to the original message. Finally, status information is also important in order to assess and understand whether the process of disseminating the warning to the message consumers has been successfully completed or the process failed at some point of the dissemination chain. To that end, CAP-based messages generated within the information dissemination services provide the semantics for those fields that are of interest within the context of reporting the warning dissemination status in DEWS.

  19. Exploring the Use of ICTs in Learning and Disseminating Livestock Husbandry Knowledge to Urban and Peri-Urban Communities in Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angello, Consolata

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the importance of various Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in learning and disseminating relevant information on livestock husbandry in Tanzania. The paper is part of a study that investigated the extent of use of ICTs by urban and peri-urban livestock keepers and how access and dissemination of livestock…

  20. 29 CFR 14.20 - Dissemination to individuals and firms outside the executive branch.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... branch. 14.20 Section 14.20 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor SECURITY REGULATIONS Transmission of Classified Information § 14.20 Dissemination to individuals and firms outside the executive branch. Request for classified information received from sources outside the executive branch of the...

  1. Health Information Technology in US Hospitals: Analysis of Current Status and Development of Future Strategies 

    E-print Network

    Kim, Jungyeon

    2015-06-01

    care managers need to develop and customize EHR implementation strategies. Instead of applying one uniform strategy, health care managers need to prioritize their resources and focus their efforts according to different organizational contexts...

  2. Strategies Which Foster Broad Use and Deployment of Earth and Space Science Informal and Formal Education Resources

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meeson, Blanche W.; Gabrys, Robert; Ireton, M. Frank; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Education projects supported by federal agencies and carried out by a wide range of organizations foster learning about Earth and Space systems science in a wide array of venues. Across these agencies a range of strategies are employed to ensure that effective materials are created for these diverse venues. And that these materials are deployed broadly so that a large spectrum of the American Public, both adults and children alike, can learn and become excited by the Earth and space system science. This session will highlight some of those strategies and will cover representative examples to illustrate the effectiveness of the strategies. Invited speakers from selected formal and informal educational efforts will anchor this session. Speakers with representative examples are encouraged to submit abstracts for the session to showcase the strategies which they use.

  3. Precise time dissemination via portable atomic clocks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Putkovich, K.

    1982-01-01

    The most precise operational method of time dissemination over long distances presently available to the Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) community of users is by means of portable atomic clocks. The Global Positioning System (GPS), the latest system showing promise of replacing portable clocks for global PTTI dissemination, was evaluated. Although GPS has the technical capability of providing superior world-wide dissemination, the question of present cost and future accessibility may require a continued reliance on portable clocks for a number of years. For these reasons a study of portable clock operations as they are carried out today was made. The portable clock system that was utilized by the U.S. Naval Observatory (NAVOBSY) in the global synchronization of clocks over the past 17 years is described and the concepts on which it is based are explained. Some of its capabilities and limitations are also discussed.

  4. 78 FR 68076 - Request for Information on Alternative Skin Sensitization Test Methods and Testing Strategies and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ...involvement with national and international efforts (see Background...methods and testing strategies for skin sensitization...methods and testing strategies for skin sensitization...between domestic and international research efforts in...sensitization test methods and strategies meet U.S....

  5. Creating Renaissance Employees in an Era of Convergence between Information Technology and Business Strategy: A Proposal for Business Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celsi, Richard; Wolfinbarger, Mary

    2001-01-01

    The electronic commerce environment requires cross-functional managers who understand both information technology (IT) and business strategy. Disciplinary boundaries restrict the flexibility of business schools to provide cross-functional education and training. Schools must integrate IT with other disciplines. (SK)

  6. Approved Module Information for CS3460, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Enterprise Computing Strategies Module Code: CS3460

    E-print Network

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Module Code: CS3460 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Albert Hai Zhuge Email Address zhugeh planning, and IT strategy implementation. Mobile computing and cyber-physical society. Management of data

  7. The Impact of Learner Characteristics on Information Utilization Strategies, Cognitive Load Experienced, and Performance in Hypermedia Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheiter, Katharina; Gerjets, Peter; Vollmann, Brigitte; Catrambone, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Against the background of an adaptation of Cognitive Load Theory to learner-controlled settings we investigated the impact of learner characteristics on information utilization strategies, cognitive load, and learning outcomes in a hypermedia environment. Based on the data of 79 students, five clusters of students were identified according to…

  8. Approved Module Information for BM3326, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Marketing Strategy Module Code: BM3326

    E-print Network

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for BM3326, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Marketing Strategy Module Code Pre-requisites: Introduction to Marketing Management (BM1134). Consumer Behaviour (BM2258). Introduction to Market Research (BM2217). Marketing Communications (BM2282). Co-requisites: None Specified

  9. Successful Information and Communication Technology Implementation Strategies for Rural Communities: An Investigation of Tech-Based Economic Development Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Donna Annette

    2009-01-01

    Many rural communities across America face several obstacles in the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) initiatives and struggle with the best approaches for leveraging these elements into an economic development strategy. These obstacles include: lack of quality local ICTs infrastructure, funding, inability to…

  10. How divergent conceptions among health and education stakeholders influence the dissemination of healthy schools in Quebec.

    PubMed

    Deschesnes, Marthe; Couturier, Yves; Laberge, Suzanne; Campeau, Louise

    2010-12-01

    This paper focuses on dissemination of the healthy schools (HS) approach in the province of Quebec, Canada. Dissemination aims at raising awareness about HS and promoting its adhesion among actors concerned with youth health in school. As HS is a joint initiative based on agreement and collaboration between health and educational sectors, the positions of stakeholders that foster cooperation between these sectors were considered to be critical to optimize its dissemination. The study's objectives were to: (i) examine and contrast the stakeholders' conceptions of HS and (ii) understand how converging and diverging stakeholders' positions on HS favourably or negatively influence its dissemination in Quebec. Gray's analytical approach to collaboration and its focus on stakeholders' mindframe about a domain served as a conceptual lens to examine stakeholders' positions regarding HS. Collection methods included documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews of 34 key internal and external informants at the provincial, regional and local levels. The results showed consensual adhesion to fundamental principles of the HS approach. However, differences in conceptualization between provincial authorities of the two sectors concerning the way to disseminate HS have been observed. These differences represented a significant barrier to HS optimal dissemination. A dialogue between the two authorities appears to be essential to arrive at a negotiated and shared conceptualization of this issue in the Quebec context, thus allowing agreements for adequate support. The results may serve as the basis for a more fruitful dialogue between actors from the two sectors, at different administrative levels. PMID:20525987

  11. 78 FR 26790 - Summary of Responses To Request for Information (RFI): Opportunities To Apply a Department of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-08

    ... disseminate the information through Web sites and social media. Respondents also emphasized that mobile health, social media, and other innovative strategies are a valuable resource to reach a diverse population and... TXT4Tots messages included social media, existing tools and applications, existing Web sites and...

  12. The Widest Practicable Dissemination: The NASA Technical Report Server

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Accomazzi, Alberto

    1995-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 established NASA and charged it to "provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning [...] its activities and the results thereof." The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA s information lead a grass-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. The NTRS is comprised of several units, some constructed especially for inclusion in NTRS, and others that are existing NASA publication services that NTRS reuses. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial 6-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

  13. The widest practicable dissemination: The NASA technical report server

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Accomazzi, Alberto

    1995-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 established NASA and charged it to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning...its activities and the results thereof.' The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA's information lead a grass-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. The NTRS is comprised of several units, some constructed especially for inclusion in NTRS, and others that are existing NASA publication services that NTRS reuses. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial six-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

  14. Delay Analysis of Car-to-Car Reliable Data Delivery Strategies Based on Data Mulling with Network Coding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Joon-Sang; Lee, Uichin; Oh, Soon Young; Gerla, Mario; Lun, Desmond Siumen; Ro, Won Woo; Park, Joonseok

    Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET) aims to enhance vehicle navigation safety by providing an early warning system: any chance of accidents is informed through the wireless communication between vehicles. For the warning system to work, it is crucial that safety messages be reliably delivered to the target vehicles in a timely manner and thus reliable and timely data dissemination service is the key building block of VANET. Data mulling technique combined with three strategies, network codeing, erasure coding and repetition coding, is proposed for the reliable and timely data dissemination service. Particularly, vehicles in the opposite direction on a highway are exploited as data mules, mobile nodes physically delivering data to destinations, to overcome intermittent network connectivity cause by sparse vehicle traffic. Using analytic models, we show that in such a highway data mulling scenario the network coding based strategy outperforms erasure coding and repetition based strategies.

  15. Statewide dissemination of a rural, non-chain restaurant intervention: adoption, implementation and maintenance.

    PubMed

    Nothwehr, F; Haines, H; Chrisman, M; Schultz, U

    2014-06-01

    The obesity epidemic calls for greater dissemination of nutrition-related programs, yet there remain few studies of the dissemination process. This study, guided by elements of the RE-AIM model, describes the statewide dissemination of a simple, point-of-purchase restaurant intervention. Conducted in rural counties of the Midwest, United States, the study targeted randomly selected, non-chain, family-style restaurants. Owners were recruited through mail, then telephone follow-up. Data were collected through telephone at baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 18 months post-adoption. Using mixed methods, measures captured the program adoption rate, characteristics of adopters and non-adopters, program implementation and maintenance issues, and owner and customer satisfaction. Analyses involved descriptive statistics and summaries of qualitative data. The program adoption rate was 28%. Adopters were similar to responding non-adopters demographically, but varied in attitudes. The majority of restaurants maintained the program for at least 12 months. Adopters and their customers expressed satisfaction with the program. With some adjustments, the RE-AIM model was helpful in guiding evaluation of this process. Results provide implications for future dissemination of this and other programs with regard to research procedures and potential barriers that may be encountered. Research on alternative strategies for widespread dissemination of such programs is needed in this and other settings. PMID:24650944

  16. Engaging Stakeholders From Volunteer-Led Out-of-School Time Programs in the Dissemination of Guiding Principles for Healthy Snacking and Physical Activity

    PubMed Central

    Koomas, Alyssa; Metayer, Nesly; Fullerton, Karen J.; Hubbard, Kristie L.; Anzman-Frasca, Stephanie; Hofer, Teresa; Nelson, Miriam; Newman, Molly; Sacheck, Jennifer; Economos, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Background Little effort has focused on the role of volunteer-led out-of-school time (OST) programs (ie, enrichment and sports programs) as key environments for the promotion of healthy eating and physical activity habits among school-aged children. The Healthy Kids Out of School (HKOS) initiative developed evidence-based, practical guiding principles for healthy snacks, beverages, and physical activity. The goal of this case study was to describe the methods used to engage regional partners to understand how successful implementation and dissemination of these principles could be accomplished. Community Context HKOS partnered with volunteer-led programs from 5 OST organizations in Maine, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire to create a regional “learning laboratory.” Methods We engaged partners in phases. In the first phase, we conducted focus groups with local volunteer program leaders; during the second phase, we held roundtable meetings with regional and state program administrators; and in the final phase, we conducted additional outreach to refine and finalize implementation strategies. Outcomes Implementation strategies were developed based on themes and information that emerged. For enrichment programs, strategies included new patch and pin programs that were consistent with the organizations’ infrastructure and usual practices. For sports programs, the main strategy was integration with online trainings for coaches. Interpretation Through the engagement process, we learned that dissemination of the guiding principles in these large and complex OST organizations was best accomplished by using implementation strategies that were customized, integrated, and aligned with goals and usual practices. The lessons learned can benefit future efforts to prevent obesity in complex environments. PMID:26704443

  17. [Flipped Classroom: A New Teaching Strategy for Integrating Information Technology Into Nursing Education].

    PubMed

    Chiou, Shwu-Fen; Su, Hsiu-Chuan; Liu, Kuei-Fen; Hwang, Hei-Fen

    2015-06-01

    The traditional "teacher-centered" instruction model is still currently pervasive in nursing education. However, this model does not stimulate the critical thinking or foster the self-learning competence of students. In recent years, the rapid development of information technology and the changes in educational philosophy have encouraged the development of the "flipped classroom" concept. This concept completely subverts the traditional instruction model by allowing students to access and use related learning activities prior to class on their smartphones or tablet computers. Implementation of this concept has been demonstrated to facilitate greater classroom interaction between teachers and students, to stimulate student thinking, to guide problem solving, and to encourage cooperative learning and knowledge utilization in order to achieve the ideal of student-centered education. This student-centered model of instruction coincides with the philosophy of nursing education and may foster the professional competence of nursing students. The flipped classroom is already an international trend, and certain domestic education sectors have adopted and applied this concept as well. However, this concept has only just begun to make its mark on nursing education. This article describes the concept of the flipped classroom, the implementation myth, the current experience with implementing this concept in international healthcare education, and the challenging issues. We hope to provide a reference for future nursing education administrators who are responsible to implement flipped classroom teaching strategies in Taiwan. PMID:26073950

  18. A Proposed Framework for Educational Innovation Dissemination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazen, Benjamin T.; Wu, Yun; Sankar, Chetan S.; Jones-Farmer, L. Allison

    2012-01-01

    Although the need for new educational technologies is increasing, the process for disseminating these innovations remains a challenge. A literature review shows that few studies have thoroughly investigated this area. Furthermore, there is no comprehensive framework or coordinated research agenda that may be used to guide such investigation. This…

  19. Disseminated Mycobacterium abscessus Infection Following Septic Arthritis

    PubMed Central

    Fukui, Shoichi; Sekiya, Noritaka; Takizawa, Yasunobu; Morioka, Hiroshi; Kato, Hirofumi; Aono, Akio; Chikamatsu, Kinuyo; Mitarai, Satoshi; Kobayashi, Satomi; Kamei, Satoshi; Setoguchi, Keigo

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Mycobacterium abscessus is a rapidly growing mycobacterium found mainly in patients with respiratory or cutaneous infections, but it rarely causes disseminated infections. Little is known about the clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of disseminated M abscessus infection. A 75-year-old Japanese woman who had been treated for 17 years with a corticosteroid for antisynthetase syndrome with antithreonyl-tRNA synthetase antibody developed swelling of her right elbow. X-ray of her right elbow joint showed osteolysis, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed fluid in her right elbow joint. M abscessus grew in joint fluid and blood cultures. She was diagnosed with a disseminated M abscessus infection following septic arthritis. Antimicrobial treatment by clarithromycin, amikacin, and imipenem/cilastatin combined with surgical debridement was administered. Although blood and joint fluid cultures became negative 1 week later, the patient died at 6 weeks from starting antimicrobial treatment. We reviewed 34 cases of disseminated M abscessus infections from the literature. Most of the patients had immunosuppressive backgrounds such as transplantation, use of immunosuppressive agents, hematological malignancy, and end stage renal disease. The duration from onset of symptoms to diagnosis was over 3 months in half of the cases. All fatal cases had positive blood cultures or use of immunosuppressive agents. Clinicians should bear in mind that mycobacterial infections including M abscessus are one of the differential diagnoses in patients with subacute arthritis and soft tissue infections. PMID:26020393

  20. Factors that Influence Dissemination in Engineering Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazen, B. T.; Wu, Yun; Sankar, C. S.

    2012-01-01

    Although the need for new educational materials and methods in engineering education is increasing, the process of disseminating (making target groups become aware of, accept, and use) these innovations remains a challenge. A literature review shows that few studies have thoroughly investigated this area. The purpose of this article is to identify…

  1. Disseminated cutaneous histoplasmosis in newly diagnosed HIV

    PubMed Central

    Soza, Gabriela M.; Patel, Mahir; Readinger, Allison

    2016-01-01

    We present a woman with a widespread severe papulopustular eruption, fever, and fatigue of 5 weeks' duration. HIV infection was diagnosed, with an absolute CD4+ count of 3 cells/µL. The eruption was consistent with disseminated cutaneous histoplasmosis. The clinical manifestations and management of cutaneous histoplasmosis are reviewed. PMID:26722169

  2. Digitizing, Coding, Annotating, Disseminating, and Preserving Documents

    E-print Network

    Nagy, George

    Digitizing, Coding, Annotating, Disseminating, and Preserving Documents George Nagy ECSE Doc issues in pattern recognition and image processing that have been spurred by the needs of digital libraries. Broader ­ and not only linguistic ­ context must be introduced in character recognition on low

  3. CHRONIC DISSEMINATED HISTOPLASMOSIS WITH PROLONGED LATENCY

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A case of chronic disseminated histoplasmosis in an ex-serviceman is described. Evidence is presented to support a latency period of over sixty years between acquisition of infection and clinical manifestation. This is the longest latency period for histoplasmosis described in the medical literature...

  4. Disseminated Enteroviral Infection Associated with Obinutuzumab

    PubMed Central

    Gilbertson, Michael; Korman, Tony M.; Golder, Vera; Morand, Eric; Opat, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Two cases of disseminated enteroviral infection occurred in patients who received the CD20 monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab. Clinical features included hepatitis, edema, and a dermatomyositis-like syndrome. These manifestations may be unfamiliar to clinicians and are possibly responsive to intravenous immunoglobulin. Clinicians should remain vigilant for enteroviral infections in patients receiving obinutuzumab. PMID:26291712

  5. Learning Processes of Students in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Relations between Goal Orientations, Information Processing Strategies and Development of Conceptual Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koopman, Maaike; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Teune, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n = 719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires.…

  6. 21 CFR 99.103 - Mandatory statements and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...false Mandatory statements and information. 99.103 Section 99.103...SERVICES GENERAL DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION ON UNAPPROVED/NEW USES FOR...DRUGS, BIOLOGICS, AND DEVICES Information To Be Disseminated §...

  7. The clearinghouse concept: a model for geospatial data centralization and dissemination in a disaster.

    PubMed

    Mills, Jacqueline Warren; Curtis, Andrew; Pine, John C; Kennedy, Barrett; Jones, Farrell; Ramani, Ramesh; Bausch, Douglas

    2008-09-01

    The disaster clearinghouse concept originates with the earthquake community as an effort to coordinate research and data collection activities. Though prior earthquake clearinghouses are small in comparison to what was needed in response to Hurricane Katrina, these seminal structures are germane to the establishment of our current model. On 3 September 2005, five days after Katrina wrought cataclysmic destruction along the Gulf Coast, FEMA and Louisiana State University personnel met to establish the LSU GIS Clearinghouse Cooperative (LGCC), a resource for centralization and dissemination of geospatial information related to Hurricane Katrina. Since its inception, the LGCC has developed into a working model for organization, dissemination, archiving and research regarding geospatial information in a disaster. This article outlines the formation of the LGCC, issues of data organization, and methods of data dissemination and archiving with an eye towards implementing the clearinghouse model as a standard resource for addressing geospatial data needs in disaster research and management. PMID:18958915

  8. Problem-based learning: a dissemination success story?

    PubMed

    Sanson-Fisher, Robert W; Lynagh, Marita C

    2005-09-01

    The demand to implement clinical and educational strategies based on evidence has increased in the past two decades. Over a similar time frame, the problem-based learning (PBL) approach has been widely adopted by undergraduate medical schools, in spite of empirical reviews suggesting that its effectiveness may be limited. Students claim that PBL provides a more satisfying learning experience than traditional methods. While such an outcome is desirable, it is substantively less than the original promise of the approach. We hypothesise that the widespread adoption of PBL may be more a consequence of the approach meeting criteria for successful dissemination than of demonstrable positive educational outcomes. We suggest that greater effort should be taken to articulate and measure important undergraduate educational outcomes. Alternatives to the PBL approach should be actively considered. PMID:16138801

  9. Disseminating multimedia protocols over Internet for emergency and catastrophe management.

    PubMed

    Maojo, V; Crespo, J; Villalonga, L; Cuadrado, R; Rodriguez, J; Sanandres, J; Guiote, M; Martin, F; Pazos, A

    1998-01-01

    Over the last years we have developed various computing methods to assist specialized personnel on various aspects of catastrophe and emergency management. New models can address tasks such as patient triage; stabilization, resource coordination and hospital alertness and techniques based on information technologies. In this paper we present various tools (written on Java and C+2) that we created to store, represent, and disseminate practice guidelines and protocols over the World Wide Web. Guidelines and protocols are stored using a standard database program (e.g., Microsoft Access), and represented in a flowchart format linked to multimedia information such as text, pictures, sound, video or external sources of data. Using our JAVA tool, protocols can be disseminated over the Web and viewed with any browser with JAVA compliance. We have implemented 15 emergency protocols that we developed in collaboration with specialized military personnel from the Ministry of Defense, Spain. Users can access remotely those electronic protocols comparing their procedures and methods. Our goal is to enhance agreement and consensus among remote medical centers regarding emergency and catastrophe management, establishing discussions over the network. Our tools have also a potential for training medical and paramedical personnel for emergency situations. PMID:10384474

  10. 15 CFR 296.31 - Dissemination of results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM Dissemination of Program Results § 296.31 Dissemination of results. Results stemming from the...

  11. 10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients...

  12. 10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients...

  13. 10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients...

  14. 10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients...

  15. 10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients...

  16. 45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.7 Program criteria—dissemination..., policy makers, university faculty, researchers, and the general public. (d) UAP dissemination activities..., including State Developmental Disabilities Councils, Protection and Advocacy agencies, other...

  17. 45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED PROGRAMS § 1388.7 Program criteria—dissemination..., policy makers, university faculty, researchers, and the general public. (d) UAP dissemination activities..., including State Developmental Disabilities Councils, Protection and Advocacy agencies, other...

  18. Strategies for Balanced Rural-Urban Growth. Agricultural Information Bulletin No. 392.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Clark

    Summarizing an Economic Research Service (ERS) publication, this guide to a balanced rural-urban growth describes the results of a computer based ERS model which examined seven strategies to improve rural economic development. Based on 1960-70 trends, the model is described as asking how much would be required of each of the following strategies

  19. Analyzing Student Search Strategies: Making a Case for Integrating Information Literacy Skills into the Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Thomas J.; O'Sullivan, Michael K.

    2005-01-01

    Most high school students employ the basic search strategy of keyword searching that most search engines use. However, students get frustrated and end up surfing from one site to another or abandoning their search in frustration. In this article, the author discusses several strategies that can be used by students to understand the nature of…

  20. Final Product Strategies in Purchasing and Their Impact on the Information Needs of the Organisation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inbar, David

    Purchasing contributes significantly to an organization and to its business strategy only if its activities and contracts with suppliers are guided by support criteria for the final products that the organization sells. Outlined in this paper are four innovative purchasing strategies: capitation contracts; product life cycle cost contracts;…

  1. Self-Regulated Learning Strategies and Achievement in an Introduction to Information Systems Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Catherine C.

    2002-01-01

    The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire was completed by 197 business students, comparing self-regulated strategies in lecture versus hands-on computer lab. Effort regulation had a positive effect, peer learning a negative effect on learning computer concepts in lectures. Prior computer experience had no effect. Data were inconclusive…

  2. A framework for effective management of change in clinical practice: dissemination and implementation of clinical practice guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Moulding, N. T.; Silagy, C. A.; Weller, D. P.

    1999-01-01

    Theories from social and behavioural science can make an important contribution to the process of developing a conceptual framework for improving use of clinical practice guidelines and clinician performance. A conceptual framework for guideline dissemination and implementation is presented which draws on relevant concepts from diffusion of innovation theory, the transtheoretical model of behaviour change, health education theory, social influence theory, and social ecology, as well as evidence from systematic literature reviews on the effectiveness of various behaviour change strategies. The framework emphasises the need for pre-implementation assessment of (a) readiness of clinicians to adopt guidelines into practice, (b) barriers to change as experienced by clinicians, and (c) the level at which interventions should be targeted. It also incorporates the need for multifaceted interventions, identifies the type of barriers which will be addressed by each strategy, and develops the concept of progression through stages of guideline adoption by clinicians, with the use of appropriately targeted support strategies. The potential value of the model is that it may enable those involved in the process of guideline dissemination and implementation to direct strategies to target groups more effectively. Clearly, the effectiveness and utility of the model in facilitating guideline dissemination and implementation requires validation by further empirical research. Until such research is available, it provides a theoretical framework that may assist in the selection of appropriate guideline dissemination and implementation strategies. PMID:10847875

  3. Information and Communication Technology: Students' Health Education in 1st- to 6th-Grade South Korea Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Eunjoo; Park, Hyejin; Whyte, James; Jeong, Eunhoe

    2013-01-01

    Background: The purposes of this study were to (1) identify school nurses' awareness of information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' health education and (2) explore the barriers or reasons for the adoption of ICT in school nursing practice, while (3) presenting strategies to speed ICT diffusion and dissemination into…

  4. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT FOR INFORMATION MANAGEMENT AT FRIENDS OF C.D.Clack, S.J.Gould, P.R.Lidwell, J.T.McDonnell

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    information management in a medium sized enterprise where the collection, analysis and dissemination time employees and a turnover of about 3.5 million pounds. We explain our strategy for re involvement with the organisation directly via interactive electronic communication (e.g. on

  5. Integrating a top-down and a bottom-up approach: formal and informal risk-handling strategies in a utility company.

    PubMed

    Mascini, Peter; Bacharias, Yannis

    2012-09-01

    In this study, we bring together a top-down and a bottom-up approach of risk handling. We do so by conceptualizing and qualitatively and quantitatively measuring formal and informal risk-handling strategies in a Dutch utility company. We conceive of formal risk handling as regulating, training, and educating safety and enforcing rule compliance, while we distinguish three different informal risk-handling strategies: discretionary specialization, tacit knowledge, and taking personal responsibility. We show that the formal risk-handling strategy and the three informal risk-handling strategies can be measured separately. Hence, we have validated the measurement of all four strategies derived from two different risk-handling approaches. Moreover, we have demonstrated that the perceived use of the four strategies has different effects on unsafe behavior: formal risk handling and tacit knowledge decrease it, discretion increases it, and taking personal responsibility has no effect on unsafe behavior. PMID:22324846

  6. A content analysis of advertisements for psychotherapy workshops: implications for disseminating empirically supported treatments.

    PubMed

    Cook, Joan M; Weingardt, Kenneth R; Jaszka, Jacqueline; Wiesner, Michael

    2008-03-01

    This study involved a content analysis of 261 unique advertisements for psychotherapy workshops that appeared in two bimonthly clinical magazines, Psychotherapy Networker and Counselor, during a 2-year period. Two independent judges coded each advertisement and documented the type and prevalence of advertising appeals used. From the seminal diffusion of innovations model, Rogers' (2003) five perceived characteristics of innovations found to influence adoption in diverse fields were not well represented in these workshops appeals, appearing less than 10% each. Few advertisements cited specific empirically supported treatments or presented any evidence of treatment effectiveness beyond expert testimonials. The most frequently noted appeals were to benefit the clinician (e.g., earning education credit or developing skills), characteristics that enhance credibility of the workshop (e.g., reference to storied history or mention of faculty), and features of the advertisements itself (e.g., use of superlatives and exclamation points). Promotional strategies to advertise psychotherapy workshops can be used to inform the dissemination of empirically supported treatments. PMID:18271002

  7. Dissemination and Implementation Research Funded by the US National Institutes of Health, 2005–2012

    PubMed Central

    Tinkle, Mindy; Kimball, Richard; Haozous, Emily A.; Shuster, George; Meize-Grochowski, Robin

    2013-01-01

    Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research is a growing area of science focused on overcoming the science-practice gap by targeting the distribution of information and adoption of interventions to public health and clinical practice settings. This study examined D&I research projects funded under specific program announcements by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 2005 to 2012. The authors described the projects' D&I strategies, funding by NIH Institute, focus, characteristics of the principal investigators (PIs) and their organizations, and other aspects of study design and setting. Results showed 46 R01s, 6 R03s, and 24 R21s funded totaling $79.2 million. The top funders were the National Cancer Institute and the National Institute of Mental Health, together providing 61% of funding. The majority of PIs were affiliated with Schools of Medicine or large, nonprofit research organizations and think tanks. Only 4% of projects were to PIs with appointments at Schools of Nursing, with 7% of the funding. The most commonly funded projects across all of the studies focused on cancer control and screening, substance abuse prevention and treatment, and mental health services. Typically implemented in community and organizational settings, D&I research provides an excellent opportunity for team science, including nurse scientists and interdisciplinary collaborators. PMID:23606958

  8. The International year of light 2015 and the “Cosmic light” message: awareness & dissemination in the UK

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marchetti, Lucia

    2015-08-01

    By proclaiming the IYL2015, the United Nations recognizes the importance of light and light based technology in the lives of the citizens of the world and for the development of global society on many levels. Light and application of light science and technology are vital for existing and future advances in many scientific areas (from medicine to information & communication technology) and culture. Light is a key element in Astronomy: as astronomers, it is what we study and makes our science possible, but it is also what threatens our observations when it is set-off from the ground (light pollution). This year represents a magnificent and unique opportunity for the global Astronomical community to disseminate these messages and raise the awareness of the importance and preservation of dark skies for heritage and the natural environment. Global and National initiatives are taking place during the year of 2015 (and beyond) and in my talk I will give an overview of what, as IYL National Committee and Gold Sponsor of the year, we are carrying out in the UK. I will explain how we developed our National Programme and I will discuss how we can build-up a long-lasting “cosmic light” communication strategy exploiting the lesson learnt while carrying out our IYL UK year plan.

  9. Cutaneous Cryptococcus: marker for disseminated infection.

    PubMed

    Srivastava, G N; Tilak, Ragini; Yadav, Jyoti; Bansal, Manish

    2015-01-01

    Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by the encapsulated yeast, Cryptococcus neoformans, a dimorphic fungus recovered from pigeon excreta, soil, dust and human skin. After a primary infection in the lungs, the disease can disseminate via a haematogenous route to various organs, including the central nervous system and skin, in susceptible individuals. Cryptococcosis can present with a variety of skin and soft tissue manifestations including acneiform lesions, purpura, vesicles, nodules, abscesses, ulcers, granulomas, pustules, draining sinuses and cellulitis. We present a case of a young man with HIV infection who developed molluscum-like cutaneous lesions secondary to pulmonary cryptococcosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by Indian ink preparation of the cutaneous lesions. Primary cutaneous infection occurs rarely due to direct inoculation. Cutaneous lesions are usually secondary and act as a key marker of disseminated infection, especially in patients with impaired cell-mediated immunity, such as those infected with HIV, solid-organ transplant recipients, and those on chronic corticosteroid therapy. PMID:26199299

  10. Perspectives on Dissemination and Knowledge Utilization. Report of a Symposium Presented to the Mid-South Educational Research Association (November 1980).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achilles, C. M.; And Others

    Collected here are symposium reports addressing the dissemination of theory and research to educational practitioners, specifically considering the National Diffusion Network (NDN) as an example of effective information delivery. An introductory theoretical review by C. M. Achilles of the state-of-the-art in dissemination poses questions for…

  11. A Campus-Community Partnership to Disseminate Health Internet Technology Resources among African Americans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littlefield, Melissa B.; Edwards, Lorece; Akers, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    The Internet is increasingly used to disseminate health information about diseases and prevention and to help in obtaining health services. Although technology can empower African Americans to adopt healthy lifestyles, the gap in usage between African Americans and Whites undermines the potential power of health Internet technology (IT) to…

  12. Confidentiality Issues and Policies Related to the Utilization and Dissemination of

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) Columbia University PO Box 1000, 61 Route 9W, PalisadesConfidentiality Issues and Policies Related to the Utilization and Dissemination of Geospatial Data for Public Health Applications A Report to: The Public Health ApplicationS of Earth Science Program National

  13. Modes of Access: The Influence of Dissemination Channels on the Use of Open Access Monographs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snijder, Ronald

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This paper studies the effects of several dissemination channels in an open access environment by analysing the download data of the OAPEN Library. Method: Download data were obtained containing the number of downloads and the name of the Internet provider. Based on public information, each Internet provider was categorised. The…

  14. Contextual Factors Influencing Readiness for Dissemination of Obesity Prevention Programs and Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dreisinger, Mariah L.; Boland, Elizabeth M.; Filler, Carl D.; Baker, Elizabeth A.; Hessel, Amy S.; Brownson, Ross C.

    2012-01-01

    Within the realm of obesity prevention research, there have been many promising interventions to improve physical activity and nutrition among diverse target populations. However, very little information is known about the dissemination and replication of these interventions. In 2007 and 2008 as part of a larger obesity prevention initiative,…

  15. Selective Dissemination of Microfiche Documents in a University Setting - Phase I. Project CLR-561.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meredith, J. C.

    Governors State University (Illinois) has developed and studied a system of selective dissemination of microfiche documents. Twenty-six faculty members in science and engineering were interviewed in depth to determine their information needs, interest categories, and descriptors to be used in searches. Individual profiles were constructed for each…

  16. Scholarly Knowledge Development and Dissemination in an International Context: Approaches and Tools for Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Jerry; Baron, Josh; Lee, Reba-Anna; Gozza-Cohen, Mary; Currie, Amity

    2010-01-01

    This paper looks at the process of collaboratively creating and disseminating information resources, such as journals, books, papers, and multimedia resources in higher education. This process has been facilitated and encouraged by two relatively new movements, open-source and, especially, open access. The most definitive expression of the…

  17. The Prospects for Disseminating Research to a Hungry Field. Interim Evaluation Report #2. NCSALL Occasional Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Bruce; Corbett, Dick

    The prospects for disseminating research to the field of adult basic education and literacy (ABE&L) were assessed by interviewing about 60 ABE&L decision makers and practitioners from 10 different states about their work and information needs. The decision makers set ABE&L policy in states or regions and/or supervised teachers and other staff. The…

  18. Viral Entertainment as a Vehicle for Disseminating Core Development Agha Ali Raza

    E-print Network

    Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213 www.lti.cs.cmu.edu Thesis Committee: Roni Rosenfeld, (Language research is to enable dissemination of speech-based, development-related information and communication children Amitte, Elan and Maia; my family and I never felt ourselves strangers in this foreign land. I

  19. Dissemination: Bringing Translational Research to Completion

    PubMed Central

    Park, Daniel J.; Burke, Janice P.

    2013-01-01

    Despite the availability of innovative health care research, a gap exists between research-generated knowledge and the utilization of that knowledge in real-world practice settings. This article examines the transition from research to implementation in the context of the dissemination of A. Jean Ayres’ sensory integration procedures and of the challenges currently facing the University of Southern California Well Elderly Studies research team. Drawing from the emerging field of implementation science, this article discusses how researchers can develop an implementation plan to more easily translate evidence into practice. Such plans should address the intervention’s reach (i.e., its capacity to penetrate into the intended target population), the settings for which it is applicable, the leaders who will encourage practitioner uptake, stakeholder groups, and challenges to dissemination. By taking action to ensure the more effective dissemination of research-generated knowledge, researchers can increase the likelihood that their interventions will lead to improvements in practice and more effective care for consumers. PMID:23433273

  20. Summary - National Dissemination and the Five Target States, Part 3, Final Report for Phase II--Dissemination, Rural Shared Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northern Montana Coll., Havre.

    The dissemination phase (Phase II) of the Rural Shared Services Project is reported in this document. Efforts of the dissemination phase were concentrated in 5 target states: Vermont, Georgia, Wyoming, Montana, and New Mexico; national dissemination was limited to attendance at national conferences, the U. S. Office of Education PREP materials for…

  1. 76 FR 69722 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection Strategies Incorporated

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ...Strategies Incorporated (PSI) has been the owner of Eagle Technologies Incorporated (Eagle) since March 2010. Eagle's previous...providing support for work on alarms, card readers, doors, locks, and keys. The contractor will also escort workers or...

  2. Pathwise Strategies for Stochastic Differential Games with an Erratum to 'Stochastic Differential Games with Asymmetric Information'

    SciTech Connect

    Cardaliaguet, P.; Rainer, C.

    2013-08-01

    We introduce a new notion of pathwise strategies for stochastic differential games. This allows us to give a correct meaning to some statement asserted in Cardaliaguet and Rainer (Appl. Math. Optim. 59: 1-36, 2009)

  3. Effect of information provisioning on attitude toward surgical castration of male piglets and alternative strategies for avoiding boar taint.

    PubMed

    Tuyttens, Frank A M; Vanhonacker, Filiep; Langendries, Karolien; Aluwé, Marijke; Millet, Sam; Bekaert, Karen; Verbeke, Wim

    2011-10-01

    Pork consumers know little about boar taint and the methods used to avoid it. As such, relevant information is necessary to assist consumers to judge the acceptability of different strategies to avoid boar taint. The effect of basic (T1) or extensive (T2) written information or T2 with supplementary audio-visual information (AV) on the opinion concerning immunocastration (IC), raising entire male pigs (EM) and surgical castration with anaesthesia (SA) as compared to castration without anaesthesia (SC) was investigated in a student population. Overall, IC was significantly preferred over SC. The information condition influenced the preference for IC and EM as compared to SC. Participants exposed to AV were more positive to IC than participants exposed to T1 and T2, and more positive to EM than participants exposed to T2. The impact of information condition was not affected by gender, farming experience, knowledge about the boar taint issue or personal relevance of pig welfare. Potential effects of providing background information and media campaigns on public surveys ought to be considered. Supplementary audio-visual information increased the impact of information provisioning. PMID:21300388

  4. University Staff Perspectives on Change Management Strategies in Student Information System Adoption

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsang-Kosma, Winnie W.

    2010-01-01

    The process of information technology adoption and use is critical to deriving benefits of information technology. Thus, one of the most challenging issues in information systems research is to understand how people have experienced the adoption process that may lead to insights to why they accept or reject the information technology (Davis,…

  5. Teaching Information Policy in the Digital Age: Issues, Strategies, and Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaeger, Paul T.; Gorham, Ursula; Taylor, Natalie Greene; Bertot, John C.

    2015-01-01

    As technology continues to advance at a rapid rate, it is increasingly important to consider how information policies are formulated and the impact that they have on both the public's access to information and the roles of information professionals. As such, current and future information professionals must be adequately prepared through education…

  6. Job & Internship Search Strategies Strategies &

    E-print Network

    Job & Internship Search Strategies Strategies & Tools What it is? How it helps? Advice COB Career/industry/company of interest. Networking allows you to gain information about job/internship opportunities and share your. LinkedIn allows you to strengthen and extend your existing network, identify job/internship opportunities

  7. Compensatory strategies for reducing interpersonal discrimination: the effectiveness of acknowledgments, increased positivity, and individuating information.

    PubMed

    Singletary, Sarah L; Hebl, Michelle R

    2009-05-01

    Previous research has revealed, across a number of contexts, that stigmatized individuals are the recipients of interpersonal discrimination (e.g., M. R. Hebl, J. B. Foster, L. M. Mannix, & J. F. Dovidio, 2002). Such discrimination has been linked to a number of negative outcomes in the workplace, both for stigmatized individuals and for organizations as a whole (see, e.g., E. B. King, J. L. Shapiro, M. R. Hebl, S. L. Singletary, & S. Turner, 2006; C. O. Word, M. P. Zanna, & J. Cooper, 1974). The current research examines 3 individual-level compensatory strategies aimed at reducing interpersonal discrimination. Results reveal that compensatory strategies are successful in reducing interpersonal discrimination in job application contexts and that such strategies uniquely benefit stigmatized individuals. PMID:19450015

  8. 77 FR 32959 - Request for Information on Strategies for Improving Outcomes for Disconnected Youth

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ... will inform the deliberations of the Federal Interagency Forum on Disconnected Youth about the best use... development goals. The public input provided in response to this notice will inform the deliberations of...

  9. Learning Strategies and Motivational Factors Predicting Information Literacy Self-Efficacy of E-Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilic-Cakmak, Ebru

    2010-01-01

    Rapid increase in information sources in different formats, developments in technology and need for lifelong learning have drawn increased attention to needs for information literacy. Although information literacy is significant for students of all educational levels, it has become even more significant for e-learners. Therefore, this study…

  10. From buzzword to business strategy: the case for information and decision support systems in e-healthcare.

    PubMed

    Korukonda, Appa Rao; Korukonda, Saritha

    2006-01-01

    Although electronic healthcare can boast of a remarkable origin in modern-day e-commerce in the form of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), its mission-critical nature in information-based strategising is yet to be realised. Restricting the scope of e-healthcare management to product advertisements and website management reflects an unfortunate trend of underutilisation of the scope of electronic decision support systems in pricing and other business strategies. This paper aims to illustrate how this trend can be corrected by transforming e-healthcare into a full-fledged business strategy for strategic positioning and corporate profitability. This argument is illustrated with the aid of a business example related to transfer pricing. PMID:18048255

  11. Public Information about the 2014 FESAC Strategic Planning (SP) Panel: Strategy At the 9-10 April 2014 FESAC meeting, the DOE Office of Science (SC) issued a

    E-print Network

    Public Information about the 2014 FESAC Strategic Planning (SP) Panel: Strategy At the 9-10 April 2014 FESAC meeting, the DOE Office of Science (SC) issued a charge to Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) Advisory Committee (FESAC) to assess

  12. Mechanisms of disseminated cancer cell dormancy: an awakening field

    PubMed Central

    Sosa, María Soledad; Bragado, Paloma; Aguirre-Ghiso, Julio A.

    2014-01-01

    Metastases arise from residual disseminated tumour cells (DTCs). This can happen years after primary tumour treatment because residual tumour cells can enter dormancy and evade therapies. As the biology of minimal residual disease seems to diverge from that of proliferative lesions, understanding the underpinnings of this new cancer biology is key to prevent metastasis. Analysis of approximately 7 years of literature reveals a growing focus on tumour and normal stem cell quiescence, extracellular and stromal microenvironments, autophagy and epigenetics as mechanisms that dictate tumour cell dormancy. In this Review, we attempt to integrate this information and highlight both the weaknesses and the strengths in the field to provide a framework to understand and target this crucial step in cancer progression. PMID:25118602

  13. Innominate artery injury from disseminated tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Chow, Oliver S; Huang, Joe T; Sambol, Justin T; Bolanowski, Paul J; Lovoulos, Constantinos J

    2015-07-01

    A 49-year-old man presented with chest pain and was found to have hemorrhage and drainage from a chest wound secondary to disseminated tuberculosis involving the sternum and ankle. He then developed acute hemorrhage from an innominate artery pseudoaneurysm originating just below a severely diseased sternoclavicular junction. A staged approach was used to manage his pathology given the life-threatening bleeding and his debilitated condition. He underwent endovascular stent grafting to exclude the pseudoaneurysm, followed by aggressive debridement of the affected sternal area. PMID:24585307

  14. Disseminated cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to Cladophialophora bantiana.

    PubMed

    Khader, Anza; Ambooken, Betsy; Binitha, Manikoth Payyanadan; Francis, Saji; Kuttiyil, Ashokan K; Sureshan, Deepthi Nalini

    2015-01-01

    Cladophialophora bantiana is a neurotropic dematiaceous fungus which only rarely affects the skin. We report a case of disseminated cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Cladophialophora bantiana in an immunocompromised female who presented with multiple pyogenic granuloma-like nodules, dermatophytosis-like plaque, and subcutaneous cysts on the upper and lower extremities without systemic involvement. Biopsy revealed black yeasts resembling sclerotic bodies and culture yielded irregular, velvety, grey colonies with black reverse. Excision of the nodules and treatment with oral itraconazole 100 mg twice daily resulted in complete clinical resolution within two months, following which itraconazole was administered for another 4 months. PMID:26261143

  15. Information Technology: Making It All Fit. Track VIII: Academic Computing Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

    Six papers from the 1988 CAUSE conference's Track VIII, Academic Computing Strategy, are presented. They include: "Achieving Institution-Wide Computer Fluency: A Five-Year Retrospective" (Paul J. Plourde); "A Methodology and a Policy for Building and Implementing a Strategic Computer Plan" (Frank B. Thomas); "Aligning Planning, Policy Development,…

  16. Online Search Strategies of Educational Administrators for Determining the Credibility of Information Gleaned from a Website

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, James L.; Oladunjoye, Ganiyu T.; Rose, Dale

    2008-01-01

    Based on a survey of 158 educational leaders situated in public schools, the level of educational leadership, whether a school superintendent or a principal in a secondary, middle-school, or elementary school, was not a significant factor in operational online strategies utilized or benchmarks relied upon for determining the credibility of…

  17. A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Djajalaksana, Yenni M.

    2011-01-01

    Many universities and colleges have placed increased emphasis on teaching excellence in higher education. Efforts to promote teaching excellence vary from the development of alternative new pedagogies as well as research exploring strategies to improve existing teaching practices. Logically, different disciplines employ different instructional…

  18. Adolescents' Internet Search Strategies: Drawing upon Familiar Cognitive Paradigms when Accessing Electronic Information Sources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guinee, Kathleen; Eagleton, Maya B.; Hall, Tracey E.

    2003-01-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate and describe the Internet search strategies of adolescent learners. Participants were 161 middle and high school students. Collected data included students' descriptions of the search process, observations of student searching behaviors, and audit trail lists of search strings used by students. The students…

  19. For more information, please refer to: http://mobility.tamu.edu/mip/strategies.php. Success Stories

    E-print Network

    for successful event management is to transfer as much event traffic onto alternate underutilized routes or modes. Implementation Issues Though there are few hurdles to implementing an event management strategy, a lack MANAGEMENT Traffic Management System Efficiency Special Event Management #12;

  20. Strategies for Improving Miners' Training. CDC Workplace Safety and Health Information Circular, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Robert H., Ed.

    These eight papers are intended to help prepare trainers of mine safety for an expected influx of younger workers as experienced miners retire and acquaint the trainers with strategies they can use to enhance their training effectiveness. "Principles of Adult Learning: Application for Mine Trainers" (Kathleen M. Kowalski, Charles Vaught) reviews…

  1. Emotion Regulation Strategies That Promote Learning: Reappraisal Enhances Children's Memory for Educational Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Elizabeth L.; Levine, Linda J.

    2013-01-01

    The link between emotion regulation and academic achievement is well documented. Less is known about specific emotion regulation strategies that promote learning. Six- to 13-year-olds ("N" = 126) viewed a sad film and were instructed to reappraise the importance, reappraise the outcome, or ruminate about the sad events; another group received no…

  2. Facing Facts: Can the Face-Name Mnemonic Strategy Accommodate Additional Factual Information?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Russell N.; Levin, Joel R.

    2012-01-01

    In 3 experiments, undergraduates used their own best method (control) or an "imposed" face-name mnemonic strategy to associate 18 caricatured faces, names, and additional facts. On all immediate tests (prompted by the faces), and on the delayed tests of Experiments 2a and 2b combined, mnemonic students statistically outperformed control students…

  3. Screen more or screen more often? Using mathematical models to inform syphilis control strategies

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Syphilis incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) continues to rise despite attempts to increase screening and treatment uptake. We examined the marginal effect of increased frequency versus increased coverage of screening on syphilis incidence in Toronto, Canada. Methods We developed an agent-based, network model of syphilis transmission, representing a core population of 2,000 high-risk MSM. Epidemiological and biological parameters were drawn from regional surveillance data and literature-derived estimates. The pre-intervention period of the model was calibrated using surveillance data to identify 1000 credible simulations per strategy. Evaluated strategies included: annual syphilis screening at baseline coverage, increased screening frequency at baseline coverage, and increased coverage of annual screening. Intervention impact was measured as annual prevalence of detected infectious cases and syphilis incidence per year over 10 years. Results Of the strategies evaluated, increasing the frequency of syphilis screening to every three months was most effective in reducing reported and incident syphilis infections. Increasing the fraction of individuals tested, without increasing test frequency, resulted a smaller decline in incidence, because reductions in infectious syphilis via treatment were counterbalanced by increased incident syphilis among individuals with prior latent syphilis. For an equivalent number of additional tests performed annually, increased test frequency was consistently more effective than improved coverage. Conclusions Strategies that focus on higher frequency of testing in smaller fractions of the population were more effective in reducing syphilis incidence in a simulated MSM population. The findings highlight how treatment-induced loss of immunity can create unexpected results in screening-based control strategies. PMID:23800206

  4. The impact of authorities’ media and rumor dissemination on the evolution of emergency

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Laijun; Wang, Qin; Cheng, Jingjing; Zhang, Ding; Ma, Ting; Chen, Yucheng; Wang, Jiajia

    2012-08-01

    Rumor dissemination will induce emergencies. Authorities' information is an essential factor for avoiding rumor dissemination when emergencies occur. The credibility of authorities' media and audience rating of authorities' information greatly influence the evolution of emergencies which are induced by rumor dissemination. To explore the interplay mechanism among authorities' media, rumor dissemination and the evolution of emergency, we propose a new interplay model and perform stability analysis by the Routh stability criterion. We find a stability condition under which the deterioration of emergency can be effectively prevented. Recommendations for policy makers and consulting advice for related commissions are explored in the case study of the iodized sail shortage panic in China. Results show that applying media with high audience rating but low credibility will cause widespread panic and inspire a slew of ancillary rumors. Authorities should choose proper media to release the truth to public according to the seriousness of the situation and the rumor spreading rate. Pertinent countermeasures and appropriate tactics are also brought out for decision makers to alleviate intense feelings of panic.

  5. Funding Strategy

    Cancer.gov

    NCI understands that researchers applying for grants want to know about their chances of receiving funding for their grant applications. Therefore, every fiscal year, NCI makes its funding strategy information publicly available. For more information about how NCI makes funding decisions, see NCI Funding Determinations.

  6. A development of the Geographical Information Projects Index in line with the Scottish Geographic Information Strategy: “One Scotland One Geography.” 

    E-print Network

    Bruce, David

    2008-12-04

    In 2006, a partnership between The University of Edinburgh, The Scottish Government and The Association of Geographic Information in Scotland lead to the production of an online service designed to encourage diffusion of ...

  7. Detection of disseminated peritoneal tumors by fluorescein diacrylate in mice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harada, Yoshinori; Furuta, Hirokazu; Murayama, Yasutoshi; Dai, Ping; Fujikawa, Yuta; Urano, Yasuteru; Nagano, Tetsuo; Morishita, Koki; Hasegawa, Akira; Takamatsu, Tetsuro

    2009-02-01

    Tumor invasion to the peritoneum is a poor prognostic factor in cancer patients. Accurate diagnosis of disseminated peritoneal tumors is essential to accurate cancer staging. To date, peritoneal washing cytology during laparotomy has been used for diagnosis of peritoneal dissemination of gastrointestinal cancer, but its sensitivity has not been satisfactory. Thus, a more direct approach is indispensable to detect peritoneal dissemination in vivo. Fluorescein diacrylate (FDAcr) is an esterase-sensitive fluorescent probe derived from fluorescein. In cancer cells, fluorescent fluorescein generated by exogenous application of FDAcr selectively deposits owing to its stronger hydrolytic enzyme activity and its lower leakage rate. We examined whether FDAcr can specifically detect disseminated peritoneal tumors in athymic nude mouse models. Intraperitoneally administered FDAcr revealed disseminated peritoneal microscopic tumors not readily recognized on white-light imaging. These results suggest that FDAcr is a useful probe for detecting disseminated peritoneal tumors.

  8. Characterizing Types of Human Mobility to Inform Differential and Targeted Malaria Elimination Strategies in Northeast Cambodia

    PubMed Central

    Peeters Grietens, Koen; Gryseels, Charlotte; Dierickx, Susan; Bannister-Tyrrell, Melanie; Trienekens, Suzan; Uk, Sambunny; Phoeuk, Pisen; Suon, Sokha; Set, Srun; Gerrets, René; Hoibak, Sarah; Muela Ribera, Joan; Hausmann-Muela, Susanna; Tho, Sochantha; Durnez, Lies; Sluydts, Vincent; d’Alessandro, Umberto; Coosemans, Marc; Erhart, Annette

    2015-01-01

    Human population movements currently challenge malaria elimination in low transmission foci in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Using a mixed-methods design, combining ethnography (n?=?410 interviews), malariometric data (n?=?4996) and population surveys (n?=?824 indigenous populations; n?=?704 Khmer migrants) malaria vulnerability among different types of mobile populations was researched in the remote province of Ratanakiri, Cambodia. Different structural types of human mobility were identified, showing differential risk and vulnerability. Among local indigenous populations, access to malaria testing and treatment through the VMW-system and LLIN coverage was high but control strategies failed to account for forest farmers’ prolonged stays at forest farms/fields (61% during rainy season), increasing their exposure (p?=?0.002). The Khmer migrants, with low acquired immunity, active on plantations and mines, represented a fundamentally different group not reached by LLIN-distribution campaigns since they were largely unregistered (79%) and unaware of the local VMW-system (95%) due to poor social integration. Khmer migrants therefore require control strategies including active detection, registration and immediate access to malaria prevention and control tools from which they are currently excluded. In conclusion, different types of mobility require different malaria elimination strategies. Targeting mobility without an in-depth understanding of malaria risk in each group challenges further progress towards elimination. PMID:26593245

  9. Characterizing Types of Human Mobility to Inform Differential and Targeted Malaria Elimination Strategies in Northeast Cambodia.

    PubMed

    Peeters Grietens, Koen; Gryseels, Charlotte; Dierickx, Susan; Bannister-Tyrrell, Melanie; Trienekens, Suzan; Uk, Sambunny; Phoeuk, Pisen; Suon, Sokha; Set, Srun; Gerrets, René; Hoibak, Sarah; Muela Ribera, Joan; Hausmann-Muela, Susanna; Tho, Sochantha; Durnez, Lies; Sluydts, Vincent; d'Alessandro, Umberto; Coosemans, Marc; Erhart, Annette

    2015-01-01

    Human population movements currently challenge malaria elimination in low transmission foci in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Using a mixed-methods design, combining ethnography (n?=?410 interviews), malariometric data (n?=?4996) and population surveys (n?=?824 indigenous populations; n?=?704 Khmer migrants) malaria vulnerability among different types of mobile populations was researched in the remote province of Ratanakiri, Cambodia. Different structural types of human mobility were identified, showing differential risk and vulnerability. Among local indigenous populations, access to malaria testing and treatment through the VMW-system and LLIN coverage was high but control strategies failed to account for forest farmers' prolonged stays at forest farms/fields (61% during rainy season), increasing their exposure (p?=?0.002). The Khmer migrants, with low acquired immunity, active on plantations and mines, represented a fundamentally different group not reached by LLIN-distribution campaigns since they were largely unregistered (79%) and unaware of the local VMW-system (95%) due to poor social integration. Khmer migrants therefore require control strategies including active detection, registration and immediate access to malaria prevention and control tools from which they are currently excluded. In conclusion, different types of mobility require different malaria elimination strategies. Targeting mobility without an in-depth understanding of malaria risk in each group challenges further progress towards elimination. PMID:26593245

  10. Organizations disseminating health messages: the roles of organizational identification and HITs.

    PubMed

    Stephens, Keri K; Goins, Elizabeth S; Dailey, Stephanie L

    2014-01-01

    Research into the dissemination of health information now includes more focus on how various organizations (e.g., beauty shops, schools, workplaces, and churches) and health information technologies (HITs) reach and affect audiences. One relational feature of organizations is identification--the feeling of belongingness. Our study explores how it influences audiences, especially in combination with HITs such as e-mail, websites, and social media. We use social identity theory to predict how organizational identification and social media might function in health communication. Using a 3?×?2 experimental design, we find that people's identification with a message source mediates the effect of social media on outcomes. These findings improve our understanding of when organizations might be most helpful for disseminating health information. PMID:23829343

  11. Assessment strategies: how patients cope with the diverse quality levels of websites when searching for health information.

    PubMed

    Adams, Samantha

    2003-01-01

    The quality of online medical information available for patients has long been a concern of health care professionals. [1-4] Although initiatives exist for patients to use when searching for information, there is the concern that these initiatives are either ineffective or even counter-productive. [5-6] Another criticism is that initiatives do not sufficiently achieve their respective goals. [7-8] It is important to consider that many initiatives have been designed with patients in mind, but not with patients involved. Various portals, seals, rating systems, ethical codes, etc., exist ostensibly for patients, but arose largely without concrete input from real patients-as-end-users. Literature addressing usability on the basis of studies assessing real patients' searching behaviors appeared only in 2002. [9-11] The conclusions from these studies, while insightful, reflect the need for ongoing research into the daily practices of patients searching for web-based health care information. This poster highlights the first results of a systematic ethnographic study (interviews and shadow-searching carried out between November, 2001 and August, 2003) to determine how patients approach health care information when searching on the internet and illustrates the different strategies that patients use to assess the health information they encounter on the web. PMID:14728279

  12. COMPARATIVE ANTIVIRAL AND PROVIRAL FACTORS IN SEMEN AND VACCINES FOR PREVENTING VIRAL DISSEMINATION FROM THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE TRACT AND SEMEN

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Many animal and human viruses are disseminated via semen, but there is little information on how to measure and stimulate protective anti-viral immunity in the male reproductive tract and semen. This information is important since successful vaccination through the stimulation of protective immune ...

  13. Information Retrieval Strategies of Millennial Undergraduate Students in Web and Library Database Searches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Brandi

    2009-01-01

    Millennial students make up a large portion of undergraduate students attending colleges and universities, and they have a variety of online resources available to them to complete academically related information searches, primarily Web based and library-based online information retrieval systems. The content, ease of use, and required search…

  14. CyberStrategies: How To Build an Internet-Based Information System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Michael L.; Downs, W. Scott

    Many organizations grapple with a glut of electronic information spawned by stockpiles of incompatible computers. This book offers solutions in information sharing and computer interaction. Rather than being about the Internet per se, it is about approaches that are characteristic of the Internet and the managerial and technical aspects of…

  15. Evaluating ICT [Information and Communications Technology] Projects and Strategies in Teaching and Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnard, Jane; Thompson, Julie

    This evaluation manual is a response to requests of education and training organizations for a practical methodology with tools to evaluate information and communications technology (ICT) projects and use of information and learning technologies in teaching and learning in Great Britain. Section 1 describes evaluation methodologies, the evaluation…

  16. Information Strategies for an Institutional Planning Process. AIR Forum Paper 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Eric A.

    Current concepts and realities of comprehensive planning act as a backdrop for a discussion of the types and sources of information required to support components of institutional planning processes. Information to support components of the planning process are outlined in relation to practical opportunities and to the intent, commitment, and…

  17. Nudging toward Inquiry: Strategies for Searching for and Finding Great Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fontichiaro, Kristin, Comp.

    2010-01-01

    Inquiry does not replace information literacy; rather, it encompasses it. Inquiry-based learning invites school librarians to step into all aspects of instructional planning, from activating prior knowledge straight through to reflection. Libraries pursuing inquiry-based instruction are building on the bedrock of information literacy, not starting…

  18. How Hip-Hop Musicians Learn: Strategies in Informal Creative Music Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soderman, Johan; Folkestad, Goran

    2004-01-01

    The study of informal musical learning outside institutional settings, such as schools, has proved to contribute important knowledge to aspects of music education. Hip-hop, as an example of informal musical learning, has so far been quite an unexplored field for research. The present study investigates music creation within two hip-hop groups (…

  19. Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis with chronic constipation: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is a rare disease. Almost all disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis cases described in the literature are associated with a gynecological disorder or a mass in the abdominal cavity. Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis with only chronic constipation has not been reported in the English literature. We present a case of a patient with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis who manifested solely with chronic constipation. Case presentation A 49-year-old premenopausal nulliparous Caucasian woman was admitted with complaints of abdominal distention and chronic constipation. Open subtotal colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis was performed. There were diffuse nodular and polypoid tumor formations in her colonic mesoderm. Based on morphological and pathological evaluation of the resection material, she was diagnosed with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis. Conclusions In general, disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is seen in women who are of childbearing age with estrogen hypersecretion. Preoperative diagnosis of disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is almost impossible and it can be confused with disseminated intra-abdominal malignancies. There are no specific methods to diagnose disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis in a preoperative period. PMID:24708548

  20. FQC: A novel approach for efficient compression, archival, and dissemination of fastq datasets.

    PubMed

    Dutta, Anirban; Haque, Mohammed Monzoorul; Bose, Tungadri; Reddy, C V S K; Mande, Sharmila S

    2015-06-01

    Sequence data repositories archive and disseminate fastq data in compressed format. In spite of having relatively lower compression efficiency, data repositories continue to prefer GZIP over available specialized fastq compression algorithms. Ease of deployment, high processing speed and portability are the reasons for this preference. This study presents FQC, a fastq compression method that, in addition to providing significantly higher compression gains over GZIP, incorporates features necessary for universal adoption by data repositories/end-users. This study also proposes a novel archival strategy which allows sequence repositories to simultaneously store and disseminate lossless as well as (multiple) lossy variants of fastq files, without necessitating any additional storage requirements. For academic users, Linux, Windows, and Mac implementations (both 32 and 64-bit) of FQC are freely available for download at: https://metagenomics.atc.tcs.com/compression/FQC . PMID:25790783

  1. Beyond the media: A new strategy for distributing scientific and technical information

    SciTech Connect

    Preecs, B.L.

    1991-11-01

    Communications media -- newspapers, television, magazines, etc. -- may be the most powerful single influence on modern life. Certainly they are the most important source of information citizens use to form opinions about such complex scientific questions as global warming or nuclear waste cleanup. But commercial news media have built-in limitations on their effectiveness as information sources. Reliance on advertising for revenue means the media are limited in the volume of material they can cover. In addition, the need to attract the largest possible, or the most select, audience for advertisers limits the complexity of information that the media can present. Finally, existing media organizations offer few, if any, ways for users to retrieve past information. These limitations deprive citizens of needed information, increase pressure on political leaders, and create the gridlock over scientific and public policy questions caused by the Not in My Backyard'' snydrome. Fortunately, modern communications technology is changing in ways that allow public policy makers to address these shortenings. Companies now barred from the information business are seeking to enter, existing media companies are looking for new sources of revenue, and new information products are seeking markets. Several changes to existing media and communications policy will be suggested and general principles for building a better overall communications system will be discussed. 18 refs.

  2. Cancer Metastases: Early Dissemination and Late Recurrences

    PubMed Central

    Friberg, Sten; Nyström, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Metastatic cells from a primary tumor can occur before the primary cancer is detected. Metastatic cells can also remain in the patient for many years after removal of the primary tumor without proliferating. These dormant malignant cells can awaken and cause recurrent disease decades after the primary treatment. The purpose of this article is to review the clinical evidence for early dissemination and late recurrences in human malignant tumors. We used the following definitions: dormancy of cells may be defined as a nonproliferating state or an arrest in the cell cycle that results in a prolonged G0 phase. If one accepts the term “late metastases” to indicate a period exceeding 10 years from the removal of the primary tumor, then the two malignancies in which this occurs most frequently are cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched with the keywords “metastases,” “early dissemination,” “late recurrences,” “inadvertently transmitted cancer,” “tumor growth rate,” “dormancy,” “circulating tumor cells,” and “transplantation of cancer.” RESULTS Several case reports of early dissemination and late recurrences of various types of malignancies were found. Analyses of the growth rates of several malignant tumors in the original host indicated that the majority of cancers had metastasized years before they were detected. CMM, RCC, and malignant glioblastoma were the three most common malignancies resulting from an organ transplantation. CMM and RCC were also the two most common malignancies that showed dormancy. In several cases of transplanted CMM and RCC, the donor did not have any known malignancy or had had the malignancy removed so long ago that the donor was regarded as cured. CONCLUSION (1) Metastases can frequently exist prior to the detection of the primary tumor. (2) Metastatic cells may reside in organs in the original host that are not usually the site of detectable secondary tumors, for example, the kidneys and heart. (3) Metastatic cells remain dormant for decades after the primary tumor has been removed. (4) Dormancy might be reversible and lead to late recurrences. PMID:26640389

  3. The Web as an Information Resource in K-12 Education: Strategies for Supporting Students in Searching and Processing Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuiper, Els; Volman, Monique; Terwel, Jan

    2005-01-01

    The use of the Web in K-12 education has increased substantially in recent years. The Web, however, does not support the learning processes of students as a matter of course. In this review, the authors analyze what research says about the demands that the use of the Web as an information resource in education makes on the support and supervision…

  4. Decentralized mixing function control strategy for multi-robot informative persistent sensing applications

    E-print Network

    Hall, Gavin Chase

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, we present a robust adaptive control law that enables a team of robots to generate locally optimal closed path persistent sensing trajectories through information rich areas of a dynamic, unknown environment. ...

  5. Formal Semantics and Communication Strategies for Proactive Information Delivery Among Team-based Agents

    E-print Network

    delivery. Categories and Subject Descriptors I.2.11 [Artificial Intelligence]: Distributed Artificial In to protect a goal from potential conflicts. Knowing such information will help an agent to deal with a threat

  6. The role of customer experience in technology strategy : implications for product adoption in information technology

    E-print Network

    Vernon, Mona Masghati

    2011-01-01

    This research identifies and describes the impact of customer experience on the adoption of information technology products. The research findings are applied to the business case of a global technology firm entering into ...

  7. Exploring multi-granular documentation strategies for the representation, discovery and use of geographic information 

    E-print Network

    Batcheller, James Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    This thesis explores how digital representations of geography and Geographic Information (GI) may be described, and how these descriptions facilitate the use of the resources they depict. More specifically, it critically ...

  8. 77 FR 56194 - Promising and Practical Strategies to Increase Postsecondary Success; Request for Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-12

    ...situations similar to those described in the submissions. We also believe that this information will be useful during future deliberations, possibly including discussions concerning improvements to the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA),...

  9. Food urbanism : urban agriculture as a strategy to facilitate social mobility in informal settlements

    E-print Network

    Amirtahmasebi, Rana

    2008-01-01

    Can community-based urban agriculture generate stronger communities? How is this possible? This thesis explores the possibility of community development through application of community gardens in an informal settlement ...

  10. The development of a methodology to quantify the impacts of information management strategies on EPC projects 

    E-print Network

    Moreau, Karen Anne

    1997-01-01

    This research develops and demonstrates a methodology to quantify time and cost impacts on Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) projects resulting from information management driven process changes in design related activities. Many...

  11. Specific issues related to developing, disseminating, and implementing pediatric practice guidelines for physicians, patients, families, and other stakeholders.

    PubMed Central

    Bauchner, H; Simpson, L

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To describe ways in which medical information should be developed and disseminated, focusing on pediatric practice guidelines as an example of one type of information. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The methodology of guideline development is well known and has been previously reviewed. Guideline development poses problems for many medical specialties, but particularly for pediatrics, because (1) few diseases are prevalent, (2) only limited randomized controlled trials have been conducted with respect to specific diagnostic and therapeutic options, and (3) clinicians often are dealing with patient surrogates--parents--rather than with the actual patient. Patient and family involvement in guideline development and dissemination has been limited and may affect the likelihood that guidelines will be adopted and subsequently improve child health outcomes. The science of dissemination, including guidelines and other information, is poorly developed. Little is known about the most effective ways to ensure that guidelines reach clinicians and are adopted. Finally, the effect of guidelines on child health outcomes is itself uncertain. RECOMMENDATIONS: (1) Research efforts should focus on guideline dissemination and adoption. (2) The effect of guideline implementation on health outcomes needs to be better understood. (3) Parents should be more involved in guideline dissemination and adoption. PMID:9776953

  12. Disseminated visceral coccidiosis in sandhill cranes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Carpenter, J.W.; Novilla, M.N.; Fayer, R.; Iverson, G.C.

    1984-01-01

    Disseminated visceral coccidiosis (DVC) caused by Eimeria spp was first recognized as a disease entity in captive sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis) and whooping cranes (G americana) at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Because cranes produced at the Center are reintroduced to the wild to augment wild populations, studies involving both experimentally induced and natural infections were initiated to determine the potential or actual occurrence of DVC in wild Gruidae. Nine sandhill cranes dosed orally with eimerian oocysts of wild origin developed lesions characteristic of DVC. Extraintestinal granulomas associated with developing schizonts were found in 6 birds. Similar lesions were observed in wild sandhill cranes throughout parts of midwestern United States, Alaska, and Saskatchewan. These studies revealed the wide geographic distribution and the high frequency of occurrence of DVC in wild cranes.

  13. Disseminated Cancer in Pregnancy: Krukenberg Tumour

    PubMed Central

    Siddiqui, Naila; Park, Won-Ho Edward

    2014-01-01

    Disseminated cancer presenting in pregnancy is extremely rare and its presentation can easily be obscured by pregnancy and physiological changes that occur with it. This case describes a patient who was diagnosed incidentally following investigations for preeclampsia. Despite initially being thought to be of low risk, the final diagnosis was that of metastasis from a primary cancer of an unknown origin, most likely a gastric adenocarcinoma. Although patients are under thorough observation throughout their pregnancy, this case highlights the potential need for additional investigations or adjustment of current practices. It also draws attention to the lack of sufficient reporting of cancer in pregnancy, which, considering its rarity, greatly influences how patients are managed. PMID:25400958

  14. Subcapsular sinus macrophages limit acute gammaherpesvirus dissemination

    PubMed Central

    Frederico, Bruno; Chao, Brittany; Lawler, Clara; May, Janet S.

    2015-01-01

    Lymphocyte proliferation, mobility and longevity make them prime targets for virus infection. Myeloid cells that process and present environmental antigens to lymphocytes are consequently an important line of defence. Subcapsular sinus macrophages (SSMs) filter the afferent lymph and communicate with B-cells. How they interact with B-cell-tropic viruses is unknown. We analysed their encounter with murid herpesvirus-4 (MuHV-4), an experimentally accessible gammaherpesvirus related to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. MuHV-4 disseminated via lymph nodes, and intranasally or subcutaneously inoculated virions readily infected SSMs. However, this infection was poorly productive. SSM depletion with clodronate-loaded liposomes or with diphtheria toxin in CD169–diphtheria toxin receptor transgenic mice increased B-cell infection and hastened virus spread to the spleen. Dendritic cells provided the main route to B-cells, and SSMs slowed host colonization, apparently by absorbing virions non-productively from the afferent lymph. PMID:25872742

  15. Cultural dissemination in a complex network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, X. H.; Ye, G. W.; Wang, B.; He, M. F.

    2009-03-01

    In this paper, a complex contact network is constructed as substrate for cultural diffusion. Agents are partitioned into “clusters”, interpreted as sub-cultural groups. Cultural dissemination works both within the cluster and across clusters. To reflect connection intensity, an extra-cluster interaction damping coefficient is defined. The probability of interaction between agents through the intra-cluster contact is higher than through extra-cluster. Dynamical behavior of the cultural diffusion model is studied in this contact network. It is found that there is a critical value of extra-interaction intensity that separates the system from a multicultural to mono-cultural state for low values of the number of vectors (options) per cultural feature (attribute).

  16. Safe abortion information hotlines: An effective strategy for increasing women's access to safe abortions in Latin America.

    PubMed

    Drovetta, Raquel Irene

    2015-05-01

    This paper describes the implementation of five Safe Abortion Information Hotlines (SAIH), a strategy developed by feminist collectives in a growing number of countries where abortion is legally restricted and unsafe. These hotlines have a range of goals and take different forms, but they all offer information by telephone to women about how to terminate a pregnancy using misoprostol. The paper is based on a qualitative study carried out in 2012-2014 of the structure, goals and experiences of hotlines in five Latin American countries: Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. The methodology included participatory observation of activities of the SAIH, and in-depth interviews with feminist activists who offer these services and with 14 women who used information provided by these hotlines to induce their own abortions. The findings are also based on a review of materials obtained from the five hotline collectives involved: documents and reports, social media posts, and details of public demonstrations and statements. These hotlines have had a positive impact on access to safe abortions for women whom they help. Providing these services requires knowledge and information skills, but little infrastructure. They have the potential to reduce the risk to women's health and lives of unsafe abortion, and should be promoted as part of public health policy, not only in Latin America but also other countries. Additionally, they promote women's autonomy and right to decide whether to continue or terminate a pregnancy. PMID:26278832

  17. What Can Health Communication Science Offer for ACA Implementation? Five Evidence-Informed Strategies for Expanding Medicaid Enrollment

    PubMed Central

    KREUTER, MATTHEW W; McBRIDE, TIMOTHY D; CABURNAY, CHARLENE A; POOR, TIMOTHY; THOMPSON, VETTA L SANDERS; ALCARAZ, KASSANDRA I; EDDENS, KATHERINE S; RATH, SUCHITRA; PERKINS, HANNAH; CASEY, CHRISTOPHER

    2014-01-01

    Context:?Implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014 will require effective enrollment and outreach efforts to previously uninsured individuals now eligible for coverage. Methods:?From 1996 to 2013, the Health Communication Research Laboratory conducted more than 40 original studies with more than 30,000 participants to learn how to improve the reach to and effectiveness of health information for low-income and racial/ethnic minority populations. We synthesized the findings from this body of research and used them to inform current challenges in implementing the ACA. Findings:?We found empirical support for 5 recommendations regarding partnerships, outreach, messages and messengers, life priorities of low-income individuals and families, and the information environment. We translated these into 12 action steps. Conclusions:?Health communication science can inform the development and execution of strategies to increase the public's understanding of the ACA and to support the enrollment of eligible individuals into Medicaid or the Health Insurance Marketplace. PMID:24597555

  18. Disseminating best-evidence health-care to Indigenous health-care settings and programs in Australia: identifying the gaps.

    PubMed

    Clifford, A; Jackson Pulver, L; Richmond, R; Shakeshaft, A; Ivers, R

    2009-12-01

    Indigenous Australians experience a disproportionately greater burden of harm from smoking, poor nutrition, alcohol misuse and physical inactivity (SNAP risk factors) than the general Australian population. A critical step in further improving efforts to reduce this harm is to review existing efforts aimed at increasing the uptake of evidence-based interventions in Indigenous-specific health-care settings and programs. This study systematically identifies and reviews published Indigenous-specific dissemination studies targeting SNAP interventions. An electronic search of eight databases and a manual search of reference lists of previous literature reviews were undertaken. Eleven dissemination studies were identified for review: six for nutrition and physical activity as a component of diabetes care, three for alcohol and two for smoking. The majority of studies employed continuing medical education (n = 9 studies), suggesting that improving health-care providers' knowledge and skills is a focus of current efforts to disseminate best-evidence SNAP interventions in Indigenous health-care settings. Only two studies evaluated reminder systems, despite their widespread use in Indigenous-specific health-care services, and only one study employed academic detailing, despite its cost-effectiveness at modifying health-care provider behavior. There is a clear need for more Indigenous-specific dissemination research targeting the uptake of secondary prevention and to establish reliable and valid measures of Indigenous-specific health-care delivery, in order to determine which dissemination strategies are most likely to be effective in Indigenous health-care settings and programs. PMID:19887577

  19. 78 FR 76410 - Request for Information on Strategies To Accelerate the Testing and Adoption of Pay for Success...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-17

    ...Strategies To Accelerate the Testing and Adoption of Pay for Success (PFS) Financing...Strategies to Accelerate the Testing and Adoption of Pay for Success (PFS) Financing...Strategies to Accelerate the Testing and Adoption of Pay for Success (PFS)...

  20. Confidence Sharing: An Economic Strategy for Efficient Information Flows in Animal Groups

    PubMed Central

    Korman, Amos; Greenwald, Efrat; Feinerman, Ofer

    2014-01-01

    Social animals may share information to obtain a more complete and accurate picture of their surroundings. However, physical constraints on communication limit the flow of information between interacting individuals in a way that can cause an accumulation of errors and deteriorated collective behaviors. Here, we theoretically study a general model of information sharing within animal groups. We take an algorithmic perspective to identify efficient communication schemes that are, nevertheless, economic in terms of communication, memory and individual internal computation. We present a simple and natural algorithm in which each agent compresses all information it has gathered into a single parameter that represents its confidence in its behavior. Confidence is communicated between agents by means of active signaling. We motivate this model by novel and existing empirical evidences for confidence sharing in animal groups. We rigorously show that this algorithm competes extremely well with the best possible algorithm that operates without any computational constraints. We also show that this algorithm is minimal, in the sense that further reduction in communication may significantly reduce performances. Our proofs rely on the Cramér-Rao bound and on our definition of a Fisher Channel Capacity. We use these concepts to quantify information flows within the group which are then used to obtain lower bounds on collective performance. The abstract nature of our model makes it rigorously solvable and its conclusions highly general. Indeed, our results suggest confidence sharing as a central notion in the context of animal communication. PMID:25275649