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1

Information Dissemination  

Cancer.gov

The Health Program Extension Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-538) Neither the House nor the Senate made comments regarding information dissemination. The Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-158) Neither the House nor the Senate made comments regarding information dissemination.

2

Information Dissemination by Mail. Implications for CME.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two evaluation approaches were used to assess the impact of a continuing medical education manual that was distributed by mail. Implications for development of materials and for information dissemination strategies in continuing medical education are discussed. (Author/CT)

Scott, Craig S.; And Others

1986-01-01

3

Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among…

Oo, Htun Naing; Sutheerawatthana, Pitch; Minato, Takayuki

2010-01-01

4

Optimal information dissemination strategy to promote preventive behaviors in multilayer epidemic networks.  

PubMed

Launching a prevention campaign to contain the spread of infection requires substantial financial investments; therefore, a trade-off exists between suppressing the epidemic and containing costs. Information exchange among individuals can occur as physical contacts (e.g., word of mouth, gatherings), which provide inherent possibilities of disease transmission, and non-physical contacts (e.g., email, social networks), through which information can be transmitted but the infection cannot be transmitted. Contact network (CN) incorporates physical contacts, and the information dissemination network (IDN) represents non-physical contacts, thereby generating a multilayer network structure. Inherent differences between these two layers cause alerting through CN to be more effective but more expensive than IDN. The constraint for an epidemic to die out derived from a nonlinear Perron-Frobenius problem that was transformed into a semi-definite matrix inequality and served as a constraint for a convex optimization problem. This method guarantees a dying-out epidemic by choosing the best nodes for adopting preventive behaviors with minimum monetary resources. Various numerical simulations with network models and a real-world social network validate our method. PMID:25811554

Shakeri, Heman; Sahneh, Faryad Darabi; Scoglio, Caterina; Poggi-Corradini, Pietro; Preciado, Victor M

2015-06-01

5

Recruiting Teachers Online: Marketing Strategies and Information Dissemination Practices of UK-Based Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the websites of 43 UK-based agencies that are recruiting teachers in South Africa and other countries finds that important information about what to expect often is missing. An analysis of the marketing strategies shows that agencies overall are promising schools thorough vetting of candidates and low fees, are promising prospective…

de Villiers, Rian; Books, Sue

2009-01-01

6

Large-Scale Cooperative Dissemination of Governmental Information in Emergency — An Experiment and Future Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the 11th of March, 2011, a massive earthquake hit the northeast region of Japan. The government of Japan needed to publish information regarding the earthquake and its influences. However, their capacity of Web services overflowed. They called the industry and academia for help for providing stable information service to the people. Industry and academia formed a team to answer the call and named themselves the “EQ project”. This paper describes how the EQ Project was organized and operated, and gives analyses of the statistics. An academic organization took the lead in the EQ Project. Ten organizations which consisted of commercial IT industry and academics specialized in Internet technology, were participating in the EQ Project and they structured the three clusters based on their relationships and technological approach. In WIDE Cluster, one of three clusters in the structure of EQ, the peak number of file accesses per day was over 90 thousand, the mobile browsers was 3.4% and foreign languages (translated contents) were referred 35%. We have also discussed the future information distribution strategies in emergency situation based on the experiences of the EQ Project, and proposed nine suggestions to the MEXT as a future strategy.

Horiba, Katsuhiro; Okawa, Keiko; Murai, Jun

7

IIDS: intelligent information dissemination server  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under initial funding from DARPA's intelligent integration of information project, the IIDS project team is enhancing the BADD information dissemination server (IDS) to automatically filter and package information and to anticipate future warfighter's associate (WFA) information needs. Our enhancements to the IDS improve both the accuracy and timeliness of “smart information push” to WFAs. These enhancements are based on the

Jon Dukes-Schlossberg; Yongpvon Lee; N. Lehrer

1997-01-01

8

Youth Policies and Programmes. Strategies for Internationalization and Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the key issues and methodologies involved in the effort to internationalize youth policies and programs so that the exchange of information and experience could provide useful ideas for others. Related general processes of knowledge transfer and dissemination and the more specific strategies involved in replication and…

Van Oudenhoven, Nico; Wazir, Rekha

9

Knowledge Management and Global Information Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper looked at knowledge management and global information dissemination. Knowledge is a very powerful tool for survival, growth and development. It can be seen as the information, understanding and skills that you gain through education or experience. The paper was addressed under the following sub-headings: Knowledge management knowledge…

Umunadi, Ejiwoke Kennedy

2014-01-01

10

Disseminating active map information to mobile hosts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes an active map service (AMS) that supports context-aware computing by providing clients with information about located-objects and how those objects change over time. The authors focus on the communication issues of disseminating information from an active map server to its clients, and in particular, address how to deal with various overload situations that can occur. Simple unicast

B. N. Schilit; M. M. Theimer

1994-01-01

11

Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis  

PubMed Central

Behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities, but have done little to correct these views. The present paper has two purposes in this regard. First, the paper describes some of the conditions that have given rise to these concerns. Second, and more important, the paper surveys various procedures and programs for the dissemination of public information that may correct inaccuracies and misconceptions. Special consideration is also given to issues involving (a) the assessment of the problem, (b) the content and means of dissemination, (c) the possible contributions of behavior analysts to current misunderstandings, and (d) relationships between behavior analysts and the media. The dissemination of accurate and unbiased information constitutes an important new undertaking for behavior analysis. The future of the field may depend in part on such activity. PMID:22478623

Morris, Edward K.

1985-01-01

12

Information dissemination in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trends and issues in the dissemination of knowledge are discussed in terms of current trends. The general trends include the\\u000a rapid rate at which new journals and documents are produced and increasing specialization in the field. Among the issues discussed\\u000a are the optimum information hypothesis, optimum conceptual size of information, vividness and propitiousness of the information,\\u000a and orientations to knowledge

Lilian G. Katz

1994-01-01

13

Disseminating information via Web 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is wonderful to connect with you and have the opportunity to interact on our shared interests in all aspects of our profession. As a brief introduction, my research interests are currently in network efficiency and security, as well as bioinformatics (biodiversity informatics), Internet programming (the use of Web 2.0 technologies to disseminate information) and certainly pedagogy in the CS

Nazli Hardy

2008-01-01

14

Probabilistic Flooding for Efficient Information Dissemination in Random Graph  

E-print Network

Probabilistic Flooding for Efficient Information Dissemination in Random Graph Topologies 1 & Telecommunications, Athens, Greece Abstract Probabilistic flooding has been frequently considered as a suitable) flooding approaches that are used to disseminate globally information in unstructured peer

Stavrakakis, Ioannis

15

Geothermal Information Dissemination and Outreach  

SciTech Connect

Project Purpose To enhance technological and topical information transfer in support of industry and government efforts to increase geothermal energy use in the United States (power production, direct use, and geothermal groundsource heat pumps). Project Work GRC 2003 Annual Meeting. The GRC convened the meeting on Oct. 12-15, 2003, at Morelia's Centro de Convenciones y ExpoCentro in Mexico under the theme, International Collaboration for Geothermal Energy in the Americas. The event was also sponsored by the Comision Federal de Electricidad. ~600 participants from more than 20 countries attended the event. The GRC convened a Development of Geothermal Projects Workshop and Geothermal Exploration Techniques Workshop. GRC Field Trips included Los Azufres and Paricutin Volcano on Oct. 11. The Geothermal Energy Association (Washington, DC) staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Annual Meeting Opening Session was convened on Oct. 13, and included the governor of Michoacan, the Mexico Assistant Secretary of Energy, CFE Geothermal Division Director, DOE Geothermal Program Manager, and private sector representatives. The 2003 Annual Meeting attracted 160 papers for oral and poster presentations. GRC 2004. Under the theme, Geothermal - The Reliable Renewable, the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting convened on Aug. 29-Sept. 1, 2004, at the Hyatt Grand Champions Resort at Indian Wells, CA. Estimated total attendance (including Trade Show personnel, guests and accompanying persons) was ~700. The event included a workshop, Geothermal Production Well Pump Installation, Operation and Maintenance. Field trips went to Coso/Mammoth and Imperial Valley/Salton Sea geothermal fields. The event Opening Session featured speakers from the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the private sector. The Geothermal Energy Association staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Geothermal Education Office staged its Geothermal Energy Workshop. Several local radio and TV station interviews were conducted during the event. Technical Program included 136 technical papers. All were published in Volume 28 of the GRC Transactions. Volume 28, GRC Transactions Pblished as a high-quality, durable casebound volume, Volume 28 of the Transactions published 119 out of 136 technical papers (692 pp) presented at the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting. The papers were submitted by geothermal experts and professionals from around the world. The papers were reviewed over a 2-day period by 25 volunteer (in-kind) geothermal experts from the private sector and DOE National Laboratories. GRC staff received and cataloged the papers, and maintained interaction with authors for revisions and corrections. DOE Geothermal Technologies Newsletter The Office of Geothermal Technologies quarterly newsletter, Geothermal Technologies, is produced at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This 2-color, 4- to 16-page newsletter summarizes federal geothermal research and development projects and other DOE geothermal news. The GRC receives newsletter disk copy and color-key proof from NREL for each newsletter, then follows through with print production and distribution. Circulation is 1,000 per issue (plus 300 copies of the newsletter shipped to NREL for internal and public distribution). During the project period, the GRC printed, stitched and bound the Geothermal Technologies newsletter into the Sept/Oct 2003, Jan/Feb 2004, and May/June 2004 editions of the GRC Bulletin. Multiple copies (300) of the newsletter sans magazine were provided to NREL for internal DOE distribution. GRC Geothermal Research Library The GRC has built the largest and most comprehensive library in the world devoted to geothermal energy. The GRC Geothermal Library provides rapid accessibility to the majority of technical literature crafted over the past 30 years, and preserves hard copy and on-line databases for future use by geothermal researchers and developers. A bibliography for over half of the physical library's citations is available through keyword search on the GRC web site (www.geothe

Ted J. Clutter, Geothermal Resources Council Executive Director

2005-02-18

16

48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Dissemination of information-educational institutions. 1252.242-70 ...Dissemination of information—educational institutions. As prescribed in...Dissemination of Information—Educational Institutions (OCT 1994)...

2010-10-01

17

Hydrogen Technical Analysis -- Dissemination of Information  

SciTech Connect

SENTECH is a small energy and environmental consulting firm providing technical, analytical, and communications solutions to technology management issues. The activities proposed by SENTECH focused on gathering and developing communications materials and information, and various dissemination activities to present the benefits of hydrogen energy to a broad audience while at the same time establishing permanent communications channels to enable continued two-way dialog with these audiences in future years. Effective communications and information dissemination is critical to the acceptance of new technology. Hydrogen technologies face the additional challenge of safety preconceptions formed primarily as a result of the crash of the Hindenburg. Effective communications play a key role in all aspects of human interaction, and will help to overcome the perceptual barriers, whether of safety, economics, or benefits. As originally proposed SENTECH identified three distinct information dissemination activities to address three distinct but important audiences; these formed the basis for the task structure used in phases 1 and 2. The tasks were: (1) Print information--Brochures that target the certain segment of the population and will be distributed via relevant technical conferences and traditional distribution channels. (2) Face-to-face meetings--With industries identified to have a stake in hydrogen energy. The three industry audiences are architect/engineering firms, renewable energy firms, and energy companies that have not made a commitment to hydrogen (3) Educational Forums--The final audience is students--the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. SENTECH will expand on its previous educational work in this area. The communications activities proposed by SENTECH and completed as a result of this cooperative agreement was designed to compliment the research and development work funded by the DOE by presenting the technical achievements and validations of hydrogen energy technologies to non-traditional audiences. These activities were also designed to raise the visibility of the DOE Hydrogen Program to new audiences and to help the program continue to advance its mission and vision. We believe that the work conducted under this cooperative agreement was successful at meeting the objectives presented and funded over the period of performance. During Phase 1, SENTECHs activities resulted in the development and distribution of two glossy brochures that target the on-site distributed generation and public transit markets for hydrogen energy technologies; face-to-face industry outreach meetings with various firms with an interest in hydrogen energy, but who may not have made a commitment to be involved; and implementation of two educational forums on hydrogen for students - the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. The educational forums were conducted with in-kind cost-shared contributions from NHA and Dr. Robert Reeves, Professor Emeritus, Rensealler During Phase 2, SENTECH activities initially were focused on the development of additional brochures and the development of a series of training modules. This set of information dissemination activities built on the experience demonstrated in our phase one activities, and focused the effort within two critical issue areas facing the development of hydrogen as an energy carrier--effective communications and information dissemination on codes and standards. SENTECH joined with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to scope out the training modules and identified a series of 12 that could be used to train a variety of audiences. The NFPA is an international nonprofit corporation, which has developed a reputation as a worldwide leader in providing fire, electrical, and life safety to the public since 1896. Its membership totals more than 75,000 individuals from around the world and in more than 80 national trade and professional organizations.

George Kervitsky, Jr.

2006-03-20

18

Optimal control of epidemic information dissemination over networks.  

PubMed

Information dissemination control is of crucial importance to facilitate reliable and efficient data delivery, especially in networks consisting of time-varying links or heterogeneous links. Since the abstraction of information dissemination much resembles the spread of epidemics, epidemic models are utilized to characterize the collective dynamics of information dissemination over networks. From a systematic point of view, we aim to explore the optimal control policy for information dissemination given that the control capability is a function of its distribution time, which is a more realistic model in many applications. The main contributions of this paper are to provide an analytically tractable model for information dissemination over networks, to solve the optimal control signal distribution time for minimizing the accumulated network cost via dynamic programming, and to establish a parametric plug-in model for information dissemination control. In particular, we evaluate its performance in mobile and generalized social networks as typical examples. PMID:25415940

Chen, Pin-Yu; Cheng, Shin-Ming; Chen, Kwang-Cheng

2014-12-01

19

32 CFR 2400.28 - Dissemination of classified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Dissemination of classified information. 2400.28 Section 2400...Defense OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT...12356; OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAM...

2010-07-01

20

Dissemination strategy for immunizing scale-free networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the problem of distributing a vaccine for immunizing a scale-free network against a given virus or worm. We introduce a method, based on vaccine dissemination, that seems to reflect more accurately what is expected to occur in real-world networks. Also, since the dissemination is performed using only local information, the method can be easily employed in practice. Using a random-graph framework, we analyze our method both mathematically and by means of simulations. We demonstrate its efficacy regarding the trade-off between the expected number of nodes that receive the vaccine and the network’s resulting vulnerability to develop an epidemic as the virus or worm attempts to infect one of its nodes. For some scenarios, the method is seen to render the network practically invulnerable to attacks while requiring only a small fraction of the nodes to receive the vaccine.

Stauffer, Alexandre O.; Barbosa, Valmir C.

2006-11-01

21

A Spread Willingness Computing-Based Information Dissemination Model  

PubMed Central

This paper constructs a kind of spread willingness computing based on information dissemination model for social network. The model takes into account the impact of node degree and dissemination mechanism, combined with the complex network theory and dynamics of infectious diseases, and further establishes the dynamical evolution equations. Equations characterize the evolutionary relationship between different types of nodes with time. The spread willingness computing contains three factors which have impact on user's spread behavior: strength of the relationship between the nodes, views identity, and frequency of contact. Simulation results show that different degrees of nodes show the same trend in the network, and even if the degree of node is very small, there is likelihood of a large area of information dissemination. The weaker the relationship between nodes, the higher probability of views selection and the higher the frequency of contact with information so that information spreads rapidly and leads to a wide range of dissemination. As the dissemination probability and immune probability change, the speed of information dissemination is also changing accordingly. The studies meet social networking features and can help to master the behavior of users and understand and analyze characteristics of information dissemination in social network. PMID:25110738

Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui

2014-01-01

22

Education and dissemination strategies of photoactuation as a novel phenomenon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the current information age, scientists and educators are urged to disseminate scientific findings in a prompt manner for increased public acceptance, later on, in the market place. Customer acceptance of highly novel technologies is an education-driven effort that requires attention early-on during the stage of technology development. Prompt attention is particularly needed in technologies where nanoparticles are employed, such as those being developed within the Nano- Optical Mechanical Systems (NOMS) project. Another driving force to disseminate photoactuation is to generate interest and curiosity amongst the K-12 population that could eventually lead to increased enrollment of students in the physical sciences. In this paper, we present a work plan for the dissemination of photoactuation to society at large; from K-12 to the general public. The work plan will be designed in accordance with the logic model, following indications of the National Academy of Sciences, and will include a proposal for evaluating translational research following a process marker model.

Campo, E. M.; Wenn, D.; Ramos, I.; Esteve, J.; Mamojka, B.; Terentjev, E. M.

2011-10-01

23

A Privacy Preserving Reputation System for Mobile Information Dissemination Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a mobile information dissemination network mobile users, equipped with wireless devices, exchange information in a spontaneous manner whenever they come into communication range. Users have to specify what kind of information they are looking for and what kind of information they can offer. A priori there is no relation between users, literally spoken, they don?t know each other and

Marco Voss; Andreas Heinemann; Max Muhlhauser

2005-01-01

24

NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA  

E-print Network

NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA Langley Technical Administration Langley Research Center · Hampton, Virginia 23681-0001 NASA Technical Memorandum 109172 A Strategy for Electronic Dissemination of NASA Langley Technical Publications Donna G. Roper, Mary K. McCaskill, Scott D

Nelson, Michael L.

25

The Use of Online Strategies and Social Media for Research Dissemination in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alongside a growing interest in knowledge mobilization (trying to increase the connection between research, policy and practice) there has been a transformation of how knowledge is produced, accessed and disseminated in light of the internet and social media strategies. Few studies have explored the use of social media for research dissemination.…

Cooper, Amanda

2014-01-01

26

Statement of Principles and Strategies for the Equitable Dissemination of Medical Technologies  

E-print Network

Statement of Principles and Strategies for the Equitable Dissemination of Medical Technologies-related inventions of academic researchers by developing and disseminating these technologies for the public good. We risk takers to invest in our early stage technology in the hope of possible downstream commercial

27

Proceedings: panel on information dissemination for wind energy  

SciTech Connect

This meeting was called as part of a multi-year planning effort. Groups involved in the production and/or dissemination of information on wind energy were invited to describe their current activities and their perceptions of the needs of the 80's in this area. Participants exchanged copies of materials they distribute regularly and discussed frequently asked questions.

Weis, P. [ed.

1980-04-01

28

Metric Information Dissemination Project for Educators and Consumers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the result of a year of research on a number of options available to individuals who will ultimately find themselves responsible for dissemination of metric information to educators and consumers. This document was prepared by the American National Metric Council (ANMC), an organization founded in 1973 by representatives of private…

American National Metric Council, Washington, DC.

29

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2014-07-01

30

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2013-07-01

31

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2010-07-01

32

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2011-07-01

33

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2012-07-01

34

Electronic Dissemination of UN Agency Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights information, available electronically, about products and services by the United Nations (UN), UN Development Programme, High Commission for Refugees, UNICEF, Fund for Population Activities, Economic Commissions, Industrial Development Organization, International Labor Organization, UNESCO, Environment Program, World Meteorological…

Stratford, Jean Slemmons; Stratford, Juri

1997-01-01

35

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

36

Study of information dissemination by satellite, volume 1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Western European demand for satellite information dissemination in the late 1990's was assessed. The major market opportunity lies in intra-organizational video communications. Broadcast satellites could be used to facilitate dispersal of newspaper printing sites and the development of regionalized or local editions. Examples would include the publication of editions of north European newspapers in Mediterranean holiday resorts. Data broadcasting services could use VBI or full channel teletext or other formats. The most promising area for data dissemination by satellite is the aggregation of a number of services which are themselves small, but in total could generate substantial demand. Examples of such services include dissemination of private company data to dispersed branches (pricing, stock levels, etc.).

Connell, S.; Champness, B. G.; Stapley, B.; Winsbury, R.

1985-05-01

37

Brief Announcement: Information Dissemination on Multiple Channels  

E-print Network

to time. The algorithm does not require collision detection and thanks to using several channels the lower.4 [Distributed Systems] General Terms Algorithms, Theory 1. INTRODUCTION In this paper we study a basic communication primi- tive for wireless networks without collision detection. Problem 1.1 (Information Exchange

38

RESEARCH DATABASES IN SERBIA & INFORMATION DISSEMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a detailed review of STM and busi- ness content available in Serbia, this article depicts the value of particular databases and the impact of a tre- mendous influx of information into the country in re- cent years. The two most comprehensive databases are provided by EBSCO Publishing (EBSCO), the world's largest intermediary between publishers and libraries. EBSCO's company approach

Sam Brooks

39

Adaptive protocols for information dissemination in wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a family of adaptive protocols, called SPIN (Sensor Protocols for Information via Negotia- tion), that efficiently disseminates information among sen- sors in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network. Nodes running a SPIN communication protocol name their data us- ing high-level data descriptors, called meta-data. They use meta-data negotiations to eliminate the transmission of re- dundant data

Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman; Joanna Kulik; Hari Balakrishnan

1999-01-01

40

Topology for efficient information dissemination in ad-hoc networking  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, we explore the information dissemination problem in ad-hoc wirless networks. First, we analyze the probability of successful broadcast, assuming: the nodes are uniformly distributed, the available area has a lower bould relative to the total number of nodes, and there is zero knowledge of the overall topology of the network. By showing that the probability of such events is small, we are motivated to extract good graph topologies to minimize the overall transmissions. Three algorithms are used to generate topologies of the network with guaranteed connectivity. These are the minimum radius graph, the relative neighborhood graph and the minimum spanning tree. Our simulation shows that the relative neighborhood graph has certain good graph properties, which makes it suitable for efficient information dissemination.

Jennings, E.; Okino, C. M.

2002-01-01

41

Automating the Dissemination of Information Entities to Healthcare Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifelong learning is a term that is widely used in a variety of context. The term recognizes that learning is not confined\\u000a to classroom, but takes place throughout life and in a range of situations. A problem in lifelong learning is the dissemination\\u000a of relevant learning and informal material. Ideally, all the employees should receive all the relevant material while

Juha Puustjärvi; Leena Puustjärvi

42

Wind Energy Program: Information Dissemination and Outreach Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

OAK B188 This project was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Fiscal Year 2000 Broad-Based Solicitation on Information Dissemination and Outreach--Program Area of Interest 1A. The project was initiated with a kickoff meeting on August 30, 2000, at the National Renewal Energy Laboratory (NREL) facility in Golden, Colorado. Energy

P. E. Bradley G. Stevens; Troy K. Simonsen

2003-01-01

43

A strategy for electronic dissemination of NASA Langley technical publications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To demonstrate NASA Langley Research Center's relevance and to transfer technology to external customers in a timely and efficient manner, Langley has formed a working group to study and recommend a course of action for the electronic dissemination of technical reports (EDTR). The working group identified electronic report requirements (e.g., accessibility, file format, search requirements) of customers in U.S. industry through numerous site visits and personal contacts. Internal surveys were also used to determine commonalities in document preparation methods. From these surveys, a set of requirements for an electronic dissemination system was developed. Two candidate systems were identified and evaluated against the set of requirements: the Full-Text Electronic Documents System (FEDS), which is a full-text retrieval system based on the commercial document management package Interleaf, and the Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS), which is a Langley-developed system based on the publicly available World Wide Web (WWW) software system. Factors that led to the selection of LTRS as the vehicle for electronic dissemination included searching and viewing capability, current system operability, and client software availability for multiple platforms at no cost to industry. This report includes the survey results, evaluations, a description of the LTRS architecture, recommended policy statement, and suggestions for future implementations.

Roper, Donna G.; Mccaskill, Mary K.; Holland, Scott D.; Walsh, Joanne L.; Nelson, Michael L.; Adkins, Susan L.; Ambur, Manjula Y.; Campbell, Bryan A.

1994-01-01

44

Information Dissemination Analysis of Different Media towards the Application for Disaster Pre-Warning  

PubMed Central

Knowing the information dissemination mechanisms of different media and having an efficient information dissemination plan for disaster pre-warning plays a very important role in reducing losses and ensuring the safety of human beings. In this paper we established models of information dissemination for six typical information media, including short message service (SMS), microblogs, news portals, cell phones, television, and oral communication. Then, the information dissemination capability of each medium concerning individuals of different ages, genders, and residential areas was simulated, and the dissemination characteristics were studied. Finally, radar graphs were used to illustrate comprehensive assessments of the six media; these graphs show directly the information dissemination characteristics of all media. The models and the results are essential for improving the efficiency of information dissemination for the purpose of disaster pre-warning and for formulating emergency plans which help to reduce the possibility of injuries, deaths and other losses in a disaster. PMID:24878739

Zhang, Nan; Huang, Hong; Su, Boni; Zhao, Jinlong; Zhang, Bo

2014-01-01

45

TRAFFICINFO: AN ALGORITHM FOR VANET DISSEMINATION OF REAL-TIME TRAFFIC INFORMATION1  

E-print Network

-1- TRAFFICINFO: AN ALGORITHM FOR VANET DISSEMINATION OF REAL- TIME TRAFFIC INFORMATION1 Ting Zhong-hoc networks (VANET's). Using this method, each vehicle makes local decision on when to disseminate reports. We compare by simulations the proposed algorithm with Grassroots, an existing VANET dissemination

Wolfson, Ouri E.

46

Tailor Made Strategies of Dissemination: The Story and Theory Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General principles of planning tailor-made change strategies arise directly from the CLER (configurations, linkages, environments, resources) model, a model of planned change, as well as from the value assumptions in which the model is embedded. These principles include the following: change requires commitment, planning and management of change…

Bhola, H. S.

47

Communications Related to Weather Information Handling and Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the tasking contained in the Statement of Work and describes the results of the project. In addition, it addresses the principles, procedures, and methods of application that would be generally applicable to using the results of the project. NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is involved in the Aviation Weather Information (AWIN) Program, which has a goal of reducing the aircraft accident rate, by a factor of five within 10 years and by a factor of 10 within 20 years. GRC's effort concentrates on the communications means needed to disseminate effective weather data. GRC's focus in on developing new technologies and techniques to support the digital communication of weather information between airborne and ground-based users.

Dhas, Chris

2000-01-01

48

Programme integration to support drug information and dissemination.  

PubMed

The world-wide Drug Information/Drug Experience/Publication Programme at Norwich Eaton Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NEPI) is coordinated and supported by the Information Services (IS) and Medical Surveillance and Communications (MSC) sections of R&D. To support the programme, IS maintains a database of published reports of drug reactions and MSC maintains a separate but compatible database of drug experiences reported by health care professionals, patients, and the field sales force, as well as in published reports. These databases are used to provide information to individuals both inside and outside the Company. All requests for information from authors, editors and publishers are coordinated through IS. Also, when factual errors about NEPI products are discovered, this section coordinates a response to the author and publisher. Requests for information from health care professionals are handled by MSC. The programme serves as a framework for systematic gathering, storage and dissemination of information. The programme also clearly identifies the departments responsible for responding to outside inquiries and makes possible expedient provision of consistent, accurate information to authors, editors, publishers and clinicians throughout the world. PMID:4093511

Worthen, D B; Burns, J M; Rowles, B

1985-12-01

49

Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Health Information Access and Dissemination in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which assessed the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in health information access and dissemination in Uganda. The project focused not only on information obtainable through libraries for research, teaching, learning and practice, but also on ICT applications concerned with the…

Omona, Walter; Ikoja-Odongo, Robert

2006-01-01

50

Dissemination of health information through social networks: Twitter and antibiotics  

PubMed Central

Background This study reviewed Twitter status updates mentioning “antibiotic(s)” to determine overarching categories and explore evidence of misunderstanding or misuse of antibiotics. Methods One thousand Twitter status updates mentioning antibiotic(s) were randomly selected for content analysis and categorization. To explore cases of potential misunderstanding or misuse, these status updates were mined for co-occurrence of the following terms: “cold + antibiotic(s),” “extra antibiotic(s),” “flu + antibiotic(s),” “leftover antibiotic(s),” and “share antibiotic(s)” and reviewed to confirm evidence of misuse or misunderstanding. Results Of the 1,000 status updates, 971 were categorized into 11 groups: General Use (n=289), Advice/Information (n=157), Side Effects/Negative Reactions (n=113), Diagnosis (n=102), Resistance (n=92), Misunderstanding and/or Misuse (n=55), Positive Reactions (n=48), Animals (n=46), Other (n=42), Wanting/Needing (n=19), and Cost (n=8). Cases of misunderstanding or abuse were identified for the following combinations: “flu + antibiotic(s)” (n=345), “cold + antibiotic(s)” (n=302), “leftover antibiotic(s)” (n=23), “share antibiotic(s)” (n=10), and “extra antibiotic(s)” (n=7). Conclusions Social media sites offer means of health information sharing. Further study is warranted to explore how such networks may provide a venue to identify misuse or misunderstanding of antibiotics, promote positive behavior change, disseminate valid information, and explore how such tools can be used to gather real-time health data. PMID:20347636

Scanfeld, Vanessa; Larson, Elaine L.

2010-01-01

51

Role Models in Science - An Effective Dissemination Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the outreach efforts of the MAARBLE (Monitoring, Analyzing and Assessing Radiation Belt Loss and Energization) project, intended to provide the general public with simplified information concerning the scientific objectives of the project and its expected outcomes, to strengthen their understanding of space science, as well as to engage and inspire the next generation of scientists. MAARBLE involves monitoring of the geospace environment through space and ground-based observations, in order to understand various aspects of the radiation belts, an important element of the space weather system, which have direct impact on human endeavors in space (spacecraft and astronauts exposure). The public outreach website of MAARBLE, besides instructive text and regular updates with relevant news, also employs a variety of multimedia (image and video galleries) and characteristic sounds of space related to very low and ultra low frequency (VLF/ULF) electromagnetic waves. It also provides links to some of the most interesting relevant educational activities, including those at partner institutions such as the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics at UCLA, the University of Alberta, the Swedish Institute of Space Physics and the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. We will focus on a specific activity: "Interviewing a MAARBLE Scientist", which enriches and broadens the scope of the MAARBLE outreach website. The profile of a MAARBLE scientist appears every month through an inspired interview, the scientists relating to the public their real stories, aspirations and endeavors. The intimacy of this approach is very effective in catching the attention of an otherwise indifferent public, and to inspire young people to pursue science careers by identifying themselves with "real" scientists. We cover one interview per month, featuring either a high-profile scientist from each partner institute, or a young researcher on a successful career path to both act as role model and to show the challenges that young scientists are facing today. The work leading to this paper has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-SPACE-2011-1) under grant agreement no. 284520 for the MAARBLE (Monitoring, Analyzing and Assessing Radiation Belt Energization and Loss) collaborative research project. This paper reflects only the authors' views and the Union is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

Chatzichristou, Eleni; Daglis, Ioannis A.; Anastasiadis, Anastasios; Balasis, George; Bourdarie, Sebastien; Horne, Richard B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Mann, Ian R.; Santolik, Ondrej; Turner, Drew L.; Giannakis, Omiros; Ropokis, George

2014-05-01

52

Dissemination of weather information to emergency managers: a decision support tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1992, the Dissemination Project has been conducting experiments at the Forecast Systems Laboratory in Boulder, CO, USA, to determine the use of advanced meteorological information by local government operations. Local emergency preparedness agencies (involving sheriff and police departments) can gain great benefit from appropriate information about weather hazards. The Dissemination Project employs a workstation specially designed to focus on

Chandran Subramaniam; Stephan Kerpedjiev

1998-01-01

53

Information management for real-time multimedia battlefield information dissemination and processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The warfighter of tomorrow will demand near real time multimedia data access to obtain critical information in rapidly changing battlefield situation. Phase 1 of the Battlefield Awareness and Data Dissemination (BADD) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) developed a near real time multimedia data access capability to provide the warfighter with sensor and command and control data on an integrated display.

Thomas C. Newsome; Dupyo Choi; Michael P. Orr

1998-01-01

54

Tight Bounds on Information Dissemination in Sparse Mobile Networks  

E-print Network

Motivated by the growing interest in mobile systems, we study the dynamics of information dissemination between agents moving independently on a plane. Formally, we consider $k$ mobile agents performing independent random walks on an $n$-node grid. At time $0$, each agent is located at a random node of the grid and one agent has a rumor. The spread of the rumor is governed by a dynamic communication graph process ${G_t(r) | t \\geq 0}$, where two agents are connected by an edge in $G_t(r)$ iff their distance at time $t$ is within their transmission radius $r$. Modeling the physical reality that the speed of radio transmission is much faster than the motion of the agents, we assume that the rumor can travel throughout a connected component of $G_t$ before the graph is altered by the motion. We study the broadcast time $T_B$ of the system, which is the time it takes for all agents to know the rumor. We focus on the sparse case (below the percolation point $r_c \\approx \\sqrt{n/k}$) where, with high probability, n...

Pettarin, Alberto; Pucci, Geppino; Upfal, Eli

2011-01-01

55

Wind Energy Program: Information Dissemination and Outreach Final Report  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 This project was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Fiscal Year 2000 Broad-Based Solicitation on Information Dissemination and Outreach--Program Area of Interest 1A. The project was initiated with a kickoff meeting on August 30, 2000, at the National Renewal Energy Laboratory (NREL) facility in Golden, Colorado. Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) personnel met with DOE and NREL representatives to review project objectives and participant goals. As proposed, the goal of the DOE-funded program was to develop a center of excellence for wind energy focused on the central and northern Great Plains region, which later became known as the Plains Organization for Wind Energy Resources (POWER). The POWER focus area was originally defined as North Dakota, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Iowa, but soon expanded to also include Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, and Oklahoma. Although this definition of the POWER region is not rigid, it does represent most of the primary wind resource states. All of these, except for Iowa and Minnesota, have had lesser wind energy development than other parts of the country. Under this Cooperative Agreement, the POWER Program established a regional wind energy center, providing objective educational, technical, and partnership-building resources for developing the vast wind resources in the central and northern Great Plains region. POWER activities were performed under the following task structure: Task 1--Internet Web Site/Database Development Task 2--Resource Assessment Task 3--Education and Workshops Task 4--Training Task 5--Development and Demonstration of Wind Technologies

Bradley G. Stevens, P.E.; Troy K. Simonsen

2003-07-15

56

Ascertaining viability of WiFi based vehicle-to-vehicle network for traffic information dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traffic congestion has become a part of daily life for most of us. One possible way of preventing congestion from building up is by disseminating traffic information. Today a number of commercial solutions exist for disseminating traffic information (e.g., Traffic.com, Metrocommute, Etak-Traffic). However, these solutions are plagued by prohibitive deployment and maintenance cost that prevents widespread deployment. As an alternative,

Samir Goel; Tomasz Imielinski; Kaan Ozbay

2004-01-01

57

Dissemination of Information in Developing Countries: The Personal Computer and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the blooming of information in digital format, dissemination of information is becoming a big challenge for developing countries. It is not only due to the limited provision of personal computers--in addition, the technological infrastructure and the ability to access information are also becoming major concerns in developing countries. This…

Wong, Wai-Man

2005-01-01

58

Dissemination strategies: the evolution of learning resources on the evaluation of delirium, dementia, and depression.  

PubMed

Clinicians experience great pressures to provide timely, effective, and evidence-based medical care. Educators can aid these clinicians through the development of new tools that can facilitate timely completion of clinical tasks. These tools should summarize evidence-based information in a convenient format that allows easy use. This article describes one process in which a group of Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center educators identified an area where important new information accrued, their development of a new clinical and teaching tool for imparting the new information, the initial dissemination of the tool to a preliminary target audience, and the initial evaluation of the new tool to determine how to improve its distribution and use beyond the original target audience. PMID:21347932

Horvath, Kathy J; Tumosa, Nina; Thielke, Stephen; Moorer, Julie; Huh, Terri; Cooley, Susan; Craft, Suzanne; Burns, Theressa

2011-01-01

59

Enhancing Industry-based Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program with Theory-based Strategies Employing Personal Contact  

PubMed Central

Purpose Industry-based strategies for dissemination of an evidence-based occupational sun protection program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), were tested. Design Two dissemination strategies were compared in a randomized trial in 2004 – 2007. Setting The North American ski industry. Subjects Ski areas in the United States and Canada (n=69) and their senior managers (n=469). Intervention Employers received GSS through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) from the industry’s professional association which included conference presentations and free starter kits. Half of the areas also received the Enhanced Dissemination Strategy (EDS), in which project staff met face-to-face with managers and made ongoing contacts to support program use. Measures Observation of program materials in use and managers’ reports on communication about sun protection. Analysis The effects of two alternative dissemination strategies were compared on program use using PROC MIXED in SAS, adjusted for covariates using 1-tailed p-values. Results Ski areas receiving the EDS used more GSS materials (M=7.36) than those receiving the BDS (M=5.17; F=7.82, p<.01). Managers from more areas receiving the EDS reported communicating about sun protection in employee newsletters/flyers (M=0.97, p=.04), in guest email messages (M=0.75, p=.02), and on ski area websites (M=0.38, p=.02) than those receiving the BDS (M=0.84, 0.50, 0.15, respectively). Conclusion Industry professional associations play an important role in disseminating prevention programs; however, active personal communication may be essential to ensure increased implementation fidelity. PMID:22747318

Buller, David B.; Andersen, Peter A.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Scott, Michael D.; Cutter, Gary R.; Dignan, Mark B.; Kane, Ilima L.; Zhang, Xiao

2012-01-01

60

Secure Information Sharing and Dissemination in the Context of Public Security  

E-print Network

Secure Information Sharing and Dissemination in the Context of Public Security Professor Nabil R. Adam Director, The Center for Information Management Integration & Connectivity (CIMIC) Executive://cimic.rutgers.edu/~adam/ Abstract In the context of homeland security, one of the key challenges in such environment is achieving

61

Guide for the Establishment and Evaluation of Services for Selective Dissemination of Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes the components of a selective dissemination of information (SDI) service which is designed to give developing countries access to international sources of bibliographic information and provides guidelines for the establishment and evaluation of this type of service. It defines the main features of a computerized documentation…

Poncelet, J.

62

Ascertaining Viability of WiFi based Vehicle-to-Vehicle Network for Trac Information Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trac congestion has become a part of daily life for most of us. One possible way of preventing congestion from building up is by dis- seminating trac information. Today a number of commercial solutions exist for disseminating trac information (e.g., Trac.com, Metrocommute, Etak- Trac). However, these solutions are plagued by prohibitive deployment and maintenance cost that prevents widespread deployment. As

Samir Goel; Tomasz Imielinski; Kaan Ozbay

63

The Effects of a Data Dissemination Strategy on the Letter Naming and Object Counting Skills of Preschoolers Attending Head Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study utilized a quasi-experimental design to investigate the effects of a data dissemination strategy on the development of letter naming and object counting skills in preschoolers. The intervention involved the repeated assessment of these skills and a framework for how the resulting data were made available to teachers. The…

Strand, Paul S.; Cerna, Sandra

2010-01-01

64

A platform for information dissemination of MicroGrid technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to further proposals previously submitted for a balanced Distributed Generation strategy through modified MicroGrids as part of the various regional energy programs underway in Africa. Developing a sense of ownership at the local community level in a strategic collaboration with the university body and technical schools is the key for the success of projects. In addition to

Wei-Jen Lee; Bai K Blyden

2011-01-01

65

Disseminating tobacco control information to Asians and Pacific Islanders.  

PubMed

The Asian Grocery Store-Based Cancer Education Program (the Program) is a proven strategy for promoting early breast cancer detection among Asian American women. The authors sought to test whether the same public health model can become an effective strategy for increasing the Asian community's awareness of the California Smokers' Helpline (the Helpline) and thereby, potentially decreasing this community's use of tobacco products. The new module, mainly staffed by four well-trained, volunteer undergraduates, explained the risks of first- and second-hand tobacco exposure and how to access the Helpline's services. A brochure, provided in English, Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese (the Helpline's available Asian languages), was used to guide the bicultural, bilingual students' tobacco-related discussions with shoppers. The students' repeated presence at the nine partnering Asian grocery stores served as reminders of the Helpline's availability. In its first year of operation, the student trainers reached 1,052 men and 1,419 women with tobacco cessation messages. Equally important, the participating grocery stores' managers did not object to students telling their customers to quit using the tobacco products sold in their stores. The results suggest that the Program's tobacco cessation module is a viable, community-specific, public health strategy. It is also a strategy with the potential for applications to reduce other health threats. PMID:24969319

Tat, John; Nguy, Mike; Tong, Eric K; Cheng, Aaron J; Chung, Lois Y; Sadler, Georgia Robins

2015-03-01

66

Development of a Model Research and Development Information Dissemination Program for the Kentucky Bureau of Vocational Education: The Omnibus Dissemination Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a solution to the problem of disseminating information from research and development projects into the field, this project examined a number of diffusion models, developed the Omnibus Model, and tested it. The Omnibus Model consists of eight different action blocks. First, information is acquired both selectively and non-selectively, and then…

Sims, E. Norman

67

Disseminating and Sharing Information Through Time-Aware Public Displays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations use several methods to communicate formal and informal information. Currently, message boards or corkboards\\u000a are used as a means for sharing information, coordinating activities and communicating with others. Using our organization\\u000a as a case study, we observed that there are many message boards around the physical environment and most of them are covered\\u000a with documents announcing upcoming meetings, seminars,

Marcela D. Rodríguez; Ángel G. Andrade; Maria Luisa González; Alberto L. Morán

2007-01-01

68

A PILOT PROJECT ON DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION TO HIGHER EDUCATION PERSONNEL. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE USE OF AN ELECTRONIC DATA PROCESSING PROGRAM CALLED "SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION" (SDI), WAS STUDIED AS A TECHNIQUE FOR SEARCHING THE LITERATURE OF HIGHER EDUCATION ADMINISTRATION AND BRINGING TO THE ATTENTION OF UNIVERSITY ADMINISTRATORS THAT SELECT PORTION WHICH IS OF DIRECT RELEVANCE TO THEIR PROFESSIONAL INTERESTS. THE TEST…

BAIRD, KAREN

69

The potential benefit of improving the dissemination of agricultural weather information to the Mississippi cotton farmer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. The potential benefit of improved dissemination of weather information to the Mississippi cotton farmer was estimated at $36,000 per 1000 acres. This is 16% of production cost of cotton in 1976. On a statewide basis, the total potential savings exceeds 100 million dollars.

Priddy, K. T.; Marlatt, W. E. (principal investigators)

1978-01-01

70

State Directory of Educational Dissemination for Adult, Career, and Vocational Education. Information Series No. 182.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory contains a compilation of contact persons for a number of state and federal agencies for dissemination of educational information. The lists include contact persons from all fifty states, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. Most addresses include phone numbers. The agencies are as follow: (1) National…

Thompson, Catherine, Comp.

71

Assessing the impact of shift to electronic communication and information dissemination by a professional organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large, decentralized scientific and engineering organizations based in North America and Europe have identified electronic media as a strategic technology for communication and information dissemination to their members and other stakeholders. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the largest technical society in the world, recognized its increasing dependence on electronic media and commissioned a study to assess the

Joseph R. Herkert; Christine S. Nielsen

1998-01-01

72

Establishment of a Consumer Information Dissemination Plan for Teachers. Research Series No. 75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was developed to provide a consumer information dissemination plan for North Dakota vocational home economics instructors as well as for the state laboratories consumer affairs office. Seventy-two people representing teachers, state government, business and industry, and consumers participated in two workshops to identify consumer…

Orndorf, Bonnie; And Others

73

10 CFR 470.20 - Dissemination of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.20...appropriate manner, information of the nature, usage and availability of the energy-related systems and supporting technologies developed or demonstrated under...

2012-01-01

74

10 CFR 470.20 - Dissemination of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.20...appropriate manner, information of the nature, usage and availability of the energy-related systems and supporting technologies developed or demonstrated under...

2010-01-01

75

10 CFR 470.20 - Dissemination of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.20...appropriate manner, information of the nature, usage and availability of the energy-related systems and supporting technologies developed or demonstrated under...

2014-01-01

76

10 CFR 470.20 - Dissemination of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.20...appropriate manner, information of the nature, usage and availability of the energy-related systems and supporting technologies developed or demonstrated under...

2013-01-01

77

10 CFR 470.20 - Dissemination of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.20...appropriate manner, information of the nature, usage and availability of the energy-related systems and supporting technologies developed or demonstrated under...

2011-01-01

78

The Team Concept in Special Education. CASE Information Dissemination Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information packet for special education administrators addresses the team concept as a means of providing special education services at the local school level to mainstreamed students with mild handicaps and provides examples of such programs. In the first three sections, major purposes and goals of teams are reviewed, including provision of…

Brown, Janice M.

79

Collection and Dissemination of Volcanic Hazard Information for Emergency Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the companion AGU special session in 2000, we predicted a significant future increase in the use of volcanic hazard information by emergency managers, such as the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). Improvements in digital elevation models for volcanoes, the understanding of plume eruption dynamics, lava flow emplacement, and dome growth would all contribute to more accurate estimations of the likely

P. J. Mouginis-Mark; K. A. Horton; H. Garbeil

2010-01-01

80

A qualitative analysis of how elders seek and disseminate health information.  

PubMed

This study documents older adults' sources of health information, describes the purposes for health information seeking, and delineates gender and ethnic variation in health information seeking. Sixty-two African American and White adults aged 65 and older completed qualitative interviews describing their use of complementary therapies. Interviews identified how individuals obtained and shared health information. Friends, not family, were the dominant source of health information. Participants ranged from active seekers to passive consumers of health information. Information seeking was common for benign symptoms. More women than men discuss health information with others. Friends are the primary source of health information for rural older adults. There is substantial passivity in the pursuit of health information. Identifying health information sources of rural older adults can support the dissemination of information to those who share it with others. PMID:24188253

Paige Altizer, Kathryn; Grzywacz, Joseph G; Quandt, Sara A; Bell, Ronny; Arcury, Thomas A

2014-01-01

81

Negotiation-Based Protocols for Disseminating Information in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a family of adaptive protocols, called SPIN (Sensor Protocols for Information via Negotiation), that efficiently disseminate information among sensors in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network. Nodes running a SPIN communication protocol name their data using high-level data descriptors, called meta-data. They use meta-data negotiations to eliminate the transmission of redundant data throughout the network. In

Joanna Kulik; Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman; Hari Balakrishnan

2002-01-01

82

Collection and Dissemination of Volcanic Hazard Information for Emergency Managers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the companion AGU special session in 2000, we predicted a significant future increase in the use of volcanic hazard information by emergency managers, such as the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). Improvements in digital elevation models for volcanoes, the understanding of plume eruption dynamics, lava flow emplacement, and dome growth would all contribute to more accurate estimations of the likely damage and area affected. Automated "event detection algorithms" based on remote monitoring sensors, and on more frequent high resolution satellite coverage, were expected to provide quantitative data that would be distributed to the disaster management community via user-interactive web pages tailored to their geographic region of interest and the on-going style of volcanism. This year's activity at Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano highlighted the need for a wide diversity of remote sensing capabilities around the world. It became clear that airline officials and trans-Atlantic flyers required detailed regional information that was often unavailable from the suite of orbital sensors. Contrast this with the wealth of orbital data, from more than a dozen different spacecraft, that was collected daily over the Gulf Oil Spill in mid-2010, and used for near real-time deployment of ships and coastal crews dealing with the event. So what has limited the use of remote sensing data for volcano hazard assessment? There have been some remote sensing successes. The on-going eruption of Halema'uma'u has prompted the development of an array of FLYSPEC SO2 measurement instruments that will be deployed downwind of the vent in order to provide better monitoring and prediction of hazardous conditions for the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This array will provide high resolution, real-time measurement of SO2 flux from the vent during the daylight hours. However, this is a ground-based capability, rather than orbital. One of the inhibitors to the current collection of timely space-based information for volcano hazard monitoring is the lack of sensors tailored to volcanic applications. Agencies such as NASA and ESA have long-term plans for large platforms which serve multiple communities, or propose one-off missions that meet the highest Earth science requirements for climate change research. One solution that might appear in the up-coming decade (2011 - 2020) is the utilization of smaller satellites costing <$20M per launch including the costs of the rocket. Sensors currently being developed that might meet this need include new hyperspectral visible, near-infrared and thermal-infrared imagers that would facilitate more accurate lava flow and dome temperature determinations. Clusters of 3 - 6 similar satellites could also be flown, reducing the site revisit time from weeks (i.e., comparable to Landsat) to about a day or less. We will therefore evaluate the opportunities provided by small satellite missions that may be flown between now and 2020.

Mouginis-Mark, P. J.; Horton, K. A.; Garbeil, H.

2010-12-01

83

Beyond Dissemination in College Science Teaching: An Introduction to Four Core Change Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Within the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education community there are repeated calls for the reform of undergraduate teaching. Resulting change efforts often focus on developing and disseminating specific instructional ideas and

Andrea Beach

2010-05-01

84

Applying the principles of knowledge translation and exchange to inform dissemination of HIV survey results to adolescent participants in South Africa.  

PubMed

It is widely accepted that researchers have an obligation to inform survey participants of research results. However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of various dissemination strategies. The emerging field of knowledge transfer and exchange (KTE) may offer insight given its focus on techniques to enhance the effectiveness of communicating evidence-based information. To date, KTE has focused primarily on information exchange between researchers and policy-makers as opposed to study participants; however, there are principles that may be relevant in this new context. This gap in the literature becomes even more salient in the context of public health research where research results can reveal particular misunderstandings or shortcomings in knowledge that threaten to severely compromise participants' health. The objective of this article is to describe how KTE principles were used to inform dissemination of results of a self-administered sexual health survey to adolescent study participants in a resource-deprived, peri-urban area of South Africa. Strategies for enhancing two-way information exchange included constructing interactive dissemination sessions led by young, isiZulu fieldworkers. We also employed techniques to create a safe space for dialogue, encouraged the shared ownership of results and crafted targeted messages. Particularly noteworthy was the benefit accrued by the research team through this process of exchange, including novel explanations for study findings and new ideas for future research. PMID:22237939

Nixon, Stephanie A; Casale, Marisa; Flicker, Sarah; Rogan, Michael

2013-06-01

85

2009 Brunel University Information Strategy  

E-print Network

business is transacted using electronic mail, but mail use must also comply with laws, policies© 2009 Brunel University Information Strategy Electronic mail policy The purpose of this document is to lay forth the policy which regulates the use of electronic mail within the University. It should

Oakley, Jeremy

86

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A conference was held at MSFC in May 1992 describing the research achievements of the NASA-wide research and technology programs dealing with advanced oxygen/hydrogen and oxygen/hydrocarbon earth-to-orbit propulsion. The purpose of this conference was to provide a forum for the timely dissemination to the propulsion community of the results emerging from this program with particular emphasis on the transfer of information from the scientific/research to the designer.

Wu, S. T.

1993-01-01

87

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

Wu, S. T.

1995-01-01

88

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

Wu, S. T.

1995-03-01

89

Snow Tweets: Emergency Information Dissemination in a US County During 2014 Winter Storms  

PubMed Central

Introduction: This paper describes how American federal, state, and local organizations created, sourced, and disseminated emergency information via social media in preparation for several winter storms in one county in the state of New Jersey (USA). Methods: Postings submitted to Twitter for three winter storm periods were collected from selected organizations, along with a purposeful sample of select private local users. Storm-related posts were analyzed for stylistic features (hashtags, retweet mentions, embedded URLs). Sharing and re-tweeting patterns were also mapped using NodeXL. Results: Results indicate emergency management entities were active in providing preparedness and response information during the selected winter weather events. A large number of posts, however, did not include unique Twitter features that maximize dissemination and discovery by users. Visual representations of interactions illustrate opportunities for developing stronger relationships among agencies. Discussion: Whereas previous research predominantly focuses on large-scale national or international disaster contexts, the current study instead provides needed analysis in a small-scale context. With practice during localized events like extreme weather, effective information dissemination in large events can be enhanced. PMID:25685629

Bonnan-White, Jess; Shulman, Jason; Bielecke, Abigail

2014-01-01

90

Nature-Inspired Dissemination of Information in P2P Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After having first been used as a means to publish content, the Web is now widely used as a social tool for sharing information. It is an easy task to subscribe to a social network, join one of the Web-based communities according to some personal interests and start to share content with all the people who do the same. It is easy once you solve two basic problems: select the network to join (go to hi5, facebook, myspace,…? join all of them?) and find/pick up the right communities (i.e., find a strict label to match non-strict centers of interest). An error of appreciation would result in getting too much of useless/non-relevant information. This chapter provides a study on the dissemination of information within groups of people and aim at answering one question: can we find an effortless way of sharing information on the Web? Ideally, such a solution would require neither the definition of a profile nor the selection of communities to join. Publishing information should also not be the result of an active decision but be performed in an automatic way. A nature-inspired framework is introduced as an answer to this question. This framework features artificial ants taking care of the dissemination of information items within the network. Centers of interest of the users are reflected by artificial pheromones laid down on connections between peers. Another part of the framework uses those pheromone trails to detect shared interests and creates communities.

Guéret, Christophe

91

What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of the Media in Disseminating Health Information?  

PubMed Central

Background to the debate: In December 2004 three news stories in the popular press suggested that the side effects of single-dose nevirapine, which has been proven to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, had been covered up. Many HIV experts believed that the stories were unwarranted and that they would undermine use of the drug, leading to a rise in neonatal HIV infection. The controversy surrounding these stories prompted the PLoS Medicine editors to ask health journalists, and others with an interest in media reporting of health, to share their views on the roles and responsibilities of the media in disseminating health information. PMID:16033311

2005-01-01

92

Disseminated Nocardiosis: A Successful Blind Strategy of Treatment in an HIV Infected Patient  

PubMed Central

Background. Nocardiosis is a rare disease that mainly affects severely immunocompromised patients. Symptoms are nonspecific and microbiological isolation is difficult, hiding the diagnosis. Treatment should be guided by species and susceptibility testing. Findings. We report a clinical case of a disseminated nocardiosis in a patient with HIV and HVB infections. Interpretation. Diagnosis should be presumed early and microbiological conditions should be optimized, in order to identify the species and achieve antibiotic susceptibility testing. This is a very important step to choose an effective therapeutic regimen or alternative options.

Guerra, Ana C.; Aleixo, Maria J.; Saraiva, Paulo; Aguas, Maria J.

2015-01-01

93

8 CFR 319.6 - United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating information which...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...CITIZENS § 319.6 United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...determined to be U.S. incorporated nonprofit organizations principally...

2014-01-01

94

8 CFR 319.6 - United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating information which...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...CITIZENS § 319.6 United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...determined to be U.S. incorporated nonprofit organizations principally...

2010-01-01

95

8 CFR 319.6 - United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating information which...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...CITIZENS § 319.6 United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...determined to be U.S. incorporated nonprofit organizations principally...

2012-01-01

96

8 CFR 319.6 - United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating information which...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...CITIZENS § 319.6 United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...determined to be U.S. incorporated nonprofit organizations principally...

2011-01-01

97

8 CFR 319.6 - United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating information which...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...CITIZENS § 319.6 United States nonprofit organizations engaged abroad in disseminating...determined to be U.S. incorporated nonprofit organizations principally...

2013-01-01

98

Structural and informal knowledge acquisition and dissemination in organizational learning : An exploratory analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The topic of organizational learning is populated with many theories and models; many relate to the enduring organizational learning framework consisting of knowledge acquisition, knowledge dissemination, and knowledge use. However, most of the research either emphasizes structural knowledge acquisition and dissemination as a composite construct, or focuses solely on the structural aspect of knowledge acquisition and dissemination. The

Siu Loon Hoe; Steven McShane

2010-01-01

99

Dissemination strategies to improve implementation of the PHS smoking cessation guideline in MCH public health clinics: experimental evaluation results and contextual factors  

PubMed Central

We report results from an experimental study that tested the effectiveness of dissemination interventions to improve implementation of smoking cessation guidelines in maternal and child public health clinics. We additionally examine individual clinic results for contextual explanations not apparent from the experimental findings alone. Twelve clinics in Illinois were randomized to three dissemination strategies: (i) core dissemination (provision of the 2000 Public Health System Clinical Practice Guideline and a tested smoking cessation program, including program supplies and training), (ii) core dissemination and access to telephone counseling and (iii) core dissemination, telephone counseling access and outreach visits to clinics. Implementation outcomes were post-dissemination improvements over baseline in the percent of smokers reporting receipt/exposure to (i) provider advice, (ii) self-help booklet, (iii) videos, (iv) posters and (v) an adjunct intervention. Results showed significant increases in the percent of smokers receiving a booklet (overall) and an adjunct intervention (Groups 2 and 3). There were no increases in smoker-reported provider advice or videos and poster exposure. Examination of individual clinic findings showed that seven clinics accounted for all the experimental effectiveness. Smoker-reported provider advice to quit also increased in these clinics. Type of clinic and the absence of disruptive events distinguished clinics with and without effective dissemination outcomes. PMID:21398375

Cho, Young Ik; Warnecke, Richard; Saunders, Stephen; Sullivan, Myrtis

2011-01-01

100

Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries and the United States Patent and Trademark Office: A Model for Information Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the network of Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries (PTDLs), a collaborative partnership with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for disseminating patent and trademark information in every state plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Typical information sources and services provided at PTDLs are…

Jenda, Claudine Arnold

2005-01-01

101

Electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination program. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (enacted October 24, 1992) to determine whether or not exposure to EMF produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electric energy affects human health. Two Federal agencies, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), have primary responsibility for the program, but other Federal agencies are key participants as well. This program requires that Federal appropriations be matched by contributions from non-Federal sources. The authorized level of funding for the program was $65 million over a 5-year period (fiscal years 1993-1997 inclusive). For EMF RAPID to be a fully funded program, $32.5 million over 5 years will have to be appropriated by Congress and matched by non-Federal contributions.

NONE

1995-12-01

102

Evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines  

PubMed Central

Background Few validated guidelines exist for developing messages in health promotion practice. In clinical practice, the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research, and Evaluation II (AGREE II) Instrument is the international gold standard for guideline assessment, development, and reporting. In a case study format, this paper describes the application of the AGREE II principles to guide the development of health promotion guidelines for constructing messages to supplement the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines (CPAG) released in 2011. Methods The AGREE II items were modified to suit the objectives of developing messages that (1) clarify key components of the new CPAG and (2) motivate Canadians to meet the CPAG. The adapted AGREE II Instrument was used as a systematic guide for the recommendation development process. Over a two-day meeting, five workgroups (one for each CPAG – child, youth, adult, older adult – and one overarching group) of five to six experts (including behavior change, messaging, and exercise physiology researchers, key stakeholders, and end users) reviewed and discussed evidence for creating and targeting messages to supplement the new CPAG. Recommendations were summarized and reviewed by workgroup experts. The recommendations were pilot tested among end users and then finalized by the workgroup. Results The AGREE II was a useful tool in guiding the development of evidence-based specific recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages that supplement and increase awareness of the new CPAG (child, youth, adults, and older adults). The process also led to the development of sample messages and provision of a rationale alongside the recommendations. Conclusions To our knowledge, these are the first set of evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing physical activity guidelines. This project also represents the first application of international standards for guideline development (i.e., AGREE II) to the creation of practical recommendations specifically aimed to inform health promotion and public health practice. The messaging recommendations have the potential to increase the public health impact of evidence-based guidelines. PMID:23634998

2013-01-01

103

Coalition Warfare Program (CWP): secure policy controlled information query and dissemination over a Bices network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2006, the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) established a collaborative research alliance with academia and industry, called the International Technology Alliance (ITA) to address fundamental issues concerning Network and Information Sciences. Under the ITA research program, a US-UK transition project on "ITA Policy Controlled Information Query and Dissemination" was funded in 2011 by OSD's Coalition Warfare Program (CWP). The goal of this CWP project is to develop an extensible capability of performing distributed federated query and information dissemination across a coalition network of distributed disparate data/information sources with access­ controlled policies. The CWP project is lead by US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and UK Defence Science Technology Laboratory (Dstl) with software development by IBM UK and IBM US. The CWP project exploits two key technology components developed within the ITA, namely the Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms. The Gaian Database (GaianDB) is a Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD) that addresses a need to share information among coalition members by providing a means for policy-controlled access to data across a network of heterogeneous data sources. GaianDB implements a SQL-compliant Store-Locally-Query-Anywhere (SLQA) approach providing software applications with global access to data from any node in the database network via standard SQL queries. Security policy is stored locally and enforced at the database node level, reducing potential for unauthorized data access and waste of network bandwidth. A key metric of success for a CWP project is the transition of coalition-related technology from TRL-3 or 4 to TRL-6 or higher. Thus, the end goal of this CWP project was to demonstrate the GaianDB and policy technology within an operational environment at the NATO Intelligence Fusion Centre (NIFC) at Molesworth RAF. An initial demonstration of this technology in a 'stand alone' environment was undertaken at the NIFC in November 2011 using a data set comprised of 140,000 documents. Recently the system has been modified to include a secure authentication mechanism based on a Kerberos ticketing framework and this has now been integrated onto the NIFC Battlefield Information, Collection, and Exploitation System (BICES) network. In summary, the paper discusses the CWP project; the two key technologies (i.e., Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms) developed within the US UK ITA research program; how these have been integrated into the NIFC BICES; and future plans for the program.

Toth, Andrew; Pham, Tien; Karr, Todd; Bent, Graham; Harries, Dominic; Knox, Alan

2013-05-01

104

Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices: Training and Consultation as Implementation Strategies  

PubMed Central

To provide effective treatment for individuals with mental health needs, there is a movement to deploy evidence-based practices (EBPs) developed in research settings into community settings. Training clinicians in EBPs is often used as the primary implementation strategy in these efforts, despite evidence suggesting that training alone does not change therapist behavior. A promising implementation strategy that can be combined with training is consultation, or ongoing support. This paper reviews the literature on consultation following initial training. A model of consultation is presented as well as preliminary findings regarding effective consultation techniques. Future directions are offered. PMID:24072959

Edmunds, Julie M.; Beidas, Rinad S.; Kendall, Philip C.

2013-01-01

105

The AVO Website - a Comprehensive Tool for Information Management and Dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) website serves as a primary information management, browsing, and dissemination tool. It is database-driven, thus easy to maintain and update. There are two different, yet fully integrated parts of the website. An external site (www.avo.alaska.edu) allows the general public to track eruptive activity by viewing the latest photographs, webcam images, seismic data, and official information releases about the volcano, as well as maps, previous eruption information, and bibliographies. This website is also the single most comprehensive source of Alaska volcano information available. The database now contains 14,000 images, 3,300 of which are publicly viewable, and 4,300 bibliographic citations - many linked to full-text downloadable files.. The internal portion of the website is essential to routine observatory operations, and hosts browse images of diverse geophysical and geological data in a format accessible by AVO staff regardless of location. An observation log allows users to enter information about anything from satellite passes to seismic activity to ash fall reports into a searchable database, and has become the permanent record of observatory function. The individual(s) on duty at home, at the watch office, or elsewhere use forms on the internal website to log information about volcano activity. These data are then automatically parsed into a number of primary activity notices which are the formal communication to appropriate agencies and interested individuals. Geochemistry, geochronology, and geospatial data modules are currently being developed. The website receives over 100 million hits, and serves 1,300 GB of data annually. It is dynamically generated from a MySQL database with over 300 tables and several thousand lines of php code which write the actual web display. The primary webserver is housed at (but not owned by) the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and currently holds 200 GB of data. Webcam images, webicorder graphs, earthquake location plots, and spectrograms are pulled and generated by other servers in Fairbanks and Anchorage.

Snedigar, S.; Cameron, C.; Nye, C. J.

2008-12-01

106

Abstract--aAQUA is an online multilingual, multimedia Agricultural portal for disseminating information from and to  

E-print Network

information from and to the grassroots of the Indian agricultural community. aAQUA simultaneously addresses Informatics Lab, at IIT Bombay has developed and deployed innovative ICT tools for dissemination etc. These research artifacts aim to incorporate innovations from the perspective of database query

Ramamritham, Krithi

107

Development and Evaluation of a Large-Scale System for Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI). Research and Development Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes a large-scale computerized system for Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) developed over the past five years at the U.S. Army Electronics Command to serve its technical personnel. The system, which uses as its document base the current accessions of the Defense Documentation Center, was developed in three phases: (1)…

Wixon, D. W.; Housman, E. M.

108

Implementation, Test and Evaluation of a Selective Dissemination System for NASA Scientific and Technical Information. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a large scale selective dissemination of information program, its experimental operation, and program evaluation is reported. An IBM 7090/94 computer program compared user interest profiles with the subject indexes of reports announced in "Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports." Users were provided with selected…

International Business Machines Corp., Yorktown Heights, NY.

109

Structural and Informal Knowledge Acquisition and Dissemination in Organizational Learning: An Exploratory Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The topic of organizational learning is populated with many theories and models; many relate to the enduring organizational learning framework consisting of knowledge acquisition, knowledge dissemination, and knowledge use. However, most of the research either emphasizes structural knowledge acquisition and dissemination as a composite…

Hoe, Siu Loon; McShane, Steven

2010-01-01

110

Context-adaptive information dissemination in vanets - maximizing the global benefit  

Microsoft Academic Search

entirely fulfilled by existing concepts. In this paper, a novel concept for a self-organizing and context-adaptive dissemination framework that is capable of combining the advantages of existent routing, broadcasting and dissemination mechanisms is proposed. Message selection and medium access are based on a relevance function that makes use of the current context and the content of the messages. Thus, at

Christian Adler; Robert Eigner; Christoph Schroth; Markus Strassberger

2006-01-01

111

Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination Program annual report for fiscal year 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 as a near-term effort to expand and accelerate the research needed to address the EMF issue. As required by this legislation, the EMF Interagency Committee, the National EMF Advisory Committee (NEMFAC), and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) are providing valued input and advice for the direction of this program. With this input and advice, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) have developed and are implementing five-year program plans. Multi-year health effects research projects and related EMF measurement and exposure assessment projects are underway using funds appropriated in fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 together with voluntary non-Federal contributions. The results of these research projects, along with the results of other EMF research, will be used as input to the hazard evaluation effort, which is the focus of the EMF RAPID Program. A coordinated interagency program is underway to communicate needed information on the EMF issue in a clear manner to the public and other decision makers.

NONE

1997-06-01

112

Speculative Data Dissemination and Service to Reduce Server Load, Network Traffic and Service Time in Distributed Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present two server-initiated protocols to improvethe performance of distributed information systems(e.g. WWW). Our first protocol is a hierarchical datadissemination mechanism that allows information topropagate from its producers to servers that are closerto its consumers. This dissemination reduces networktraffic and balances load amongst servers by exploitinggeographic and temporal locality of reference propertiesexhibited in client access patterns. Our second protocolrelies on...

Azer Bestavros

1996-01-01

113

Dissemination Strategies: The Evolution of Learning Resources on the Evaluation of Delirium, Dementia, and Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinicians experience great pressures to provide timely, effective, and evidence-based medical care. Educators can aid these clinicians through the development of new tools that can facilitate timely completion of clinical tasks. These tools should summarize evidence-based information in a convenient format that allows easy use. This article…

Horvath, Kathy J.; Tumosa, Nina; Thielke, Stephen; Moorer, Julie; Huh, Terri; Cooley, Susan; Craft, Suzanne; Burns, Theressa

2011-01-01

114

The Strategy and Tactics of Information Warfare  

E-print Network

, · The Strategy and Tactics of Information Warfare MATT BISHOP and EMILY O. GOLDMAN Over the last operations and warfare. Information technology, military leaders and intellectuals argue, can supplant' technologies. Just as the nuclear age elevated the logic of deterrence over destruction, in the information age

Bishop, Matt

115

Communications System Architecture Development for Air Traffic Management and Aviation Weather Information Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is the NASA AATT Task Order 24 Final Report. NASA Research Task Order 24 calls for the development of eleven distinct task reports. Each task was a necessary exercise in the development of comprehensive communications systems architecture (CSA) for air traffic management and aviation weather information dissemination for 2015, the definition of the interim architecture for 2007, and the transition plan to achieve the desired End State. The eleven tasks are summarized along with the associated Task Order reference. The output of each task was an individual task report. The task reports that make up the main body of this document include Task 5, Task 6, Task 7, Task 8, Task 10, and Task 11. The other tasks provide the supporting detail used in the development of the architecture. These reports are included in the appendices. The detailed user needs, functional communications requirements and engineering requirements associated with Tasks 1, 2, and 3 have been put into a relational database and are provided electronically.

Gallagher, Seana; Olson, Matt; Blythe, Doug; Heletz, Jacob; Hamilton, Griff; Kolb, Bill; Homans, Al; Zemrowski, Ken; Decker, Steve; Tegge, Cindy

2000-01-01

116

Technical assistance and information dissemination efforts at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Technical assistance and information dissemination performed by EG and G Idaho's Hydrothermal Commercialization Division (now Geothermal Program Office) at the INEL during FY-80 are described. Requests for technical information increased by one-third over the previous year, and tended to be more specific than previously. Requests for technical assistance generally involved larger projects than previously, and preparation of adequate responses required significantly more time. Information dissemination included 18 exhibits in 10 states plus the District of Columbia, with nearly 400,000 exposures. The work included development and production of major display hardware; preparation and production of a new edition of Rules of Thumb, a much-demanded brochure; and support of State Commercialization Teams by production of customized slide shows for 10 states plus additional support through bulk distribution of brochures and technical documentation on request.

Toth, W.J.; Engen, I.A.; Meltzer, F.L.

1980-03-01

117

Collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage system information for the pulp and paper industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The collection and dissemination of thermal energy storage (TES) system technology for the pulp and paper industry with the intent of reducing fossil fuel usage is discussed. The study plan is described and a description presented of example TES systems.

Edde, H.

1981-01-01

118

76 FR 16621 - Critical Materials Strategy Request for Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENERGY Critical Materials Strategy Request for Information AGENCY...Energy. ACTION: Notice of availability of Request for Information...its 2010 Critical Materials Strategy. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...its first Critical Materials Strategy. This year, DOE will...

2011-03-24

119

SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION (SDI). VOLUME I, PILOT TEST AT U.S. ARMY NATICK LABORATORIES. FINAL REPORT. ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARY IMPROVEMENT STUDIES (ATLIS), REPORT NO. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS VOLUME PRESENTS THE RESULTS OF A NINE-MONTH TEST OF A PROTOTYPE SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION (SDI) SYSTEM DEVELOPED FOR THE ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARIES. DURING THE PILOT TEST ONE THOUSAND DOCUMENTS WERE CATALOGED, INDEXED, AND DISSEMINATED TO TWENTY-FIVE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL. MATCHING OF THE INTEREST PROFILES OF THESE…

BIVONA, WILLIAM A.

120

Selective Dissemination of Information and Retrospective Searches. Computer Based Information Services from RIT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this guide is to give an up-to-date presentation of the information service offered by the documentation center at the Royal Institute of Technology (RIT) and to facilitate the utilization of the service. The guide gives a general account of the multidisciplinary computerized current awareness service (SDI) and a detailed…

Gluchowicz, Zofia

121

Using information situations to guide marketing strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning about whether target markets face search, experience, or credence situations when assessing a company?s product or service can help in formulating more effective marketing strategies. Depending on the information situation of the targets, a company may want to vary the information content and amount of its advertising, its use of brand names and warranties, its emphasis on personal selling,

Paul N. Bloom; James E. Pailin

1995-01-01

122

Naval Aviation Maintenance Office Information Strategy Plan  

SciTech Connect

Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel, together with members of Naval Aviation Maintenance Office (NAMO), developed an Information Strategy Plan (ISP) using a combination of Information Engineering (IE) methodologies. The purpose of the ISP was to comprehensively and objectively analyze the information requirements of NAMO. The ISP activities began with structures interviews of the NAMO top level management to identify the information needs and functions crucial to the NAMO organization. Joint Applications Design (JAD) sessions were held with functional experts to further enhance what was learned during the interview cycle. The information gathered through interviews, JAD sessions, and survey of the current systems was used to develop the Strategic Plan and the deliverables of an ISP: the Information Architecture, Business Systems Architecture, and Technical Architecture. These architectures are detailed, along with the major findings, recommendations, strategies, and plans for implementing further stages of IE. 72 figs.

Halsey, P.J.; Busbee, M.E.; Miller, L.M.; Wills, J.W.; Woods, S.D.

1990-06-01

123

The Impact of Integrated Pest Management Information Dissemination Methods on Insecticide Use and Efficiency: Evidence from Rice Producers in South Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact of two Integrated Pest Management information dissemination approaches on insecticide use and efficiency of Vietnamese rice farmers. Specifically, we investigate the impact of Farmer Field Schools (FFS) and \\

Roderick M. Rejesus; Florencia G. Palis; Aileen V. Lapitan; Truong Thi Ngoc Chi; Mahabub Hossain

2009-01-01

124

Towards an Informed Mexican and Mexican-American Citizenry: Bridging the Gap to Increase Human Capacity and Information Dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research translation and community outreach goal of The University of Arizona's (UA) Superfund Basic Research Program and U.S.-Mexico Binational Center for Environmental Sciences and Toxicology is to increase human capacity and information dissemination to diverse stakeholders, including federal, state, and local government agencies as well as northern Mexican and border community stakeholders. Due to Arizona's demographic characteristics and the UA's proximity to the U.S. - Mexico border, activities target primarily Mexican and Mexican-American populations. With this in mind, a model has been established that pulls from human capital, community-based participatory research and public participation theories. The theories applied to our target population have resulted in the creation of a successful model that is used in both research translation and community outreach work. The model contains four components: community needs (participation), science translation (information), engagement (outreach), and training (education). Examples of how this model operates for various stakeholders involved in environmental science and health issues will be discussed. A case in point of how this model has been applied effectively is the partnership with promotoras (community health advocates) to do environmental science and health trainings to increase the knowledge base of specific populations disproportionately exposed to contaminants of concern. Additional case studies and methodologies used to develop innovative communicative tools (that takes into consideration cultural idiosyncrasies) for stakeholders at all levels in Arizona, the border, and Mexico will be highlighted, such as: 1) information sheets regarding local environmental issues for communities neighboring contaminated sites, 2) SciTransfer Bulletins targeting professional level stakeholders such as Project Managers, Community Involvement Coordinators and the general public, 3) coordinating technical and scientific workshops in the U.S and Mexico and 4) participating in local community events. Lessons learned and knowledge gained in the past three years will also be presented.

Ramirez, M. D.; Ramirez, D. M.

2008-12-01

125

Utilizing Information for Developing Corporate Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We now enter the era that Japanese enterprises have to make own decision on what they should do next as action leaders, since the time was over that they proceeded with their R & D just by following and learning lessons of success and failure produced by U.S. industries. Under this era information has been carrying more weight on corporate strategy and it has become important issue to utilize information how efficiently and effectively as data for judging critical decision matters. Focusing on this issue the author proposes three measures, i.e. enforcement of information gathering capacity, gathering of farsighted information, information processing based on the experiences through studying abroad and practices, and indicates five ways of information utilization such as construction of information network and application of a company history.

Shiina, Takeshi

126

Visual Imagery as an Information Processing Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of visual imagery is explored as an information processing strategy, and its relationship is counterpointed to the linguistic system. The importance of visual imagery as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool to aid both visual and nonvisual performance and learning problems is discussed. (Author)

Forrest, Elliott B.

1981-01-01

127

Web-Based Strategies to Disseminate a Sun Safety Curriculum to Public Elementary Schools and State-Licensed ChildCare Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sunny Days, Healthy Ways curriculum, which has been effective in previous trials, was disseminated to public elementary schools (n = 2,030) and state-licensed child-care facilities (n = 3,755) in 4 states. Two Web sites were created, varying in the amount and type of information. Mailings referred principals and directors to the sites. Overall 117 unique users made 172 visits

David B. Buller; Mary Klein Buller; Ilima Kane

2005-01-01

128

Media Choice in Environmental Information Dissemination for Solid Waste Management among Policy Formulators and Implementors: A Case Study of Oyo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental information has been described as central to the issues of solid waste management and disposal. This study investigated the availability and accessibility of environmental information to the solid waste policy formulators and implementors with regard to the media/channels used for disseminating environmental information to the…

Akintola, B. A.; Temowo, O. O.; Ajiboye, J. O.

2009-01-01

129

75 FR 75207 - Regulation SBSR-Reporting and Dissemination of Security-Based Swap Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...development of systems necessary to capture and send information from the...associated with system upgrades...addition, to capture and maintain relevant information and documents...development of systems necessary to capture and send information from...

2010-12-02

130

SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION--REVIEW OF SELECTED SYSTEMS AND A DESIGN FOR ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARIES. FINAL REPORT. ARMY TECHNICAL LIBRARY IMPROVEMENT STUDIES (ATLIS), REPORT NO. 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT PRESENTS AN ANALYSIS OF OVER EIGHTEEN SMALL, INTERMEDIATE, AND LARGE SCALE SYSTEMS FOR THE SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION (SDI). SYSTEMS ARE COMPARED AND ANALYZED WITH RESPECT TO DESIGN CRITERIA AND THE FOLLOWING NINE SYSTEM PARAMETERS--(1) INFORMATION INPUT, (2) METHODS OF INDEXING AND ABSTRACTING, (3) USER INTEREST PROFILE…

BIVONA, WILLIAM A.

131

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

132

General Data Dissemination System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Monetary Fund has created the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), a system of metadata collection intended to "guide countries in the provision to the public of comprehensive, timely, accessible, and reliable economic, financial, and socio-demographic data." This site offers information from and about the countries participating in the GDDS. The project's main goals include improving the creation of country information, as well as creating a standard for the dissemination of reliable, current, thorough, and accessible economic, socio-demographic, and financial information. The data on participating countries, which include Fiji, Albania, Uganda, and Kuwait, may be accessed through a menu system, by country and by topic. The site also contains a helpful guide to the General Data Dissemination System, as well as a What's New? section and a soon-to-be-added FAQ.

133

Selecting Exemplary Compensatory Education Projects for Dissemination Via Project Information Packages. Report No. UR-242.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the third technical report submitted to the U. S. Office of Education in connection with a study the overall purpose of which was to choose up to eight successful education programs serving underachieving, poor children and to design "Project Information Packages" for each of them. These Project Information Packages were to serve as…

Foat, Classie M.

134

A Recap of the Seventh Nationwide Vocational Education Dissemination Conference: Excellence for the Information Age (7th, Columbus, Ohio, November 13-15, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document recapitulates the seventh in a continuing series of annual, nationwide vocational education dissemination conferences. As a record of conference activities and a guide to available resources, information, and programs across the country, this recap is intended to serve both conference participants and a general audience of vocational…

Singer, Norman M., Comp.; And Others

135

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...posted, a poster informing employees of the provisions of...responding to reports by employees of unsafe or unhealthful working conditions, and to allegations of...2) The location where employees may obtain...

2010-07-01

136

Radio advertising information strategy: differences between services and products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses how basic differences between services and products may affect advertising strategy and tactics. Examines a large number of broadcast radio adverts to study the information strategy used in service and product advertisements. Posits that the information commonly used in adverts for services and products was found to differ sharply. Presents one rationale for these information differences using concepts from

Avery M. Abernethy; James I. Gray; Daniel D. Butler

1997-01-01

137

Dissemination of public health information: key tools utilised by the NECOBELAC network in Europe and Latin America  

PubMed Central

Background Open Access (OA) to scientific information is an important step forward in communication patterns, yet we still need to reinforce OA principles to promote a cultural change of traditional publishing practices. The advantages of free access to scientific information are even more evident in public health where knowledge is directly associated with human wellbeing. Objectives An OA ‘consolidation’ initiative in public health is presented to show how the involvement of people and institutions is fundamental to create awareness on OA and promote a cultural change. This initiative is developed within the project NEtwork of COllaboration Between Europe and Latin American Caribbean countries (NECOBELAC), financed by the European Commission. Methods Three actions are envisaged: Capacity building through a flexible and sustainable training programme on scientific writing and OA publishing; creation of training tools based on semantic web technologies; development of a network of supporting institutions. Results In 2010–2011, 23 training initiatives were performed involving 856 participants from 15 countries; topic maps on scientific publication and OA were produced; 195 institutions are included in the network. Conclusions Cultural change in scientific dissemination practices is a long process requiring a flexible approach and strong commitment by all stakeholders. PMID:22630360

De Castro, Paola; Marsili, Daniela; Poltronieri, Elisabetta; Calderón, Carlos Agudelo

2012-01-01

138

Rapidmap - rapid mapping and information dissemination for disasters using remote sensing and geoinformation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FP7 INCO project frame for enhancing research cooperation between European countries and Japan on two topics, one of which is Resilience Against Disasters. The project started in June 2013 and has a duration of 2 years. In the paper, we will outline the aims of the project, methodologies and techniques to be developed and some test data. Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) are powerful technologies for collecting useful information on the damages of disasters in short time. However, since many different types of RS data are available (satellite, aerial, UAV, terrestrial), data co-registration, information integration and feature extraction need reliable and advanced methodologies. In the RAPIDMAP project, we will develop practical ways to integrate RS data processing tools in near-real-time and allow users to use this data soon after the disasters by means of WebGIS tools. This will help not only decision makers but also end-users in the disaster area. The key components of this project are: (1) Near-real-time monitoring: the procedure of near-real-time monitoring with satellites as well as Unmanned Airborne Vehicles (UAV) will be set up and demonstrated. (2) Data co-registration: in disasters, various images as well as maps come from different sources. The co-registration of multiple images is a key technology for information integration. In this project, a system to co-register multiple images in near-real-time will be developed. (3) Data fusion and change detection: one of the advantages of RS is to collect information with multiple sensors. Various methods for fusing optical with active microwave (SAR) sensor data for information extraction and change detection will be developed. (4) Decision Support System (DSS) based on WebGIS technologies: the collected and integrated information has to be easily accessible and visible by decision makers and end-users in near-real-time and worldwide. By using WebGIS technologies, wireless networks and portable terminals, a DSS will allow easy access, retrieval and visualization of all information (fused data, images, maps, etc.) in very short time after data collection and processing. The project will be practically tested and demonstrated at the Tohoku area in Japan and another test site, which were recently affected by large disasters.

Baltsavias, E.; Cho, K.; Remondino, F.; Soergel, U.; Wakabayashi, H.

2013-10-01

139

A Context-Aware Paradigm for Information Discovery and Dissemination in Mobile Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing power and ubiquity of mobile wireless devices is enabling real-time information delivery for many diverse applications. A crucial question is how to allocate finite network resources efficiently and fairly despite the uncertainty common in highly dynamic mobile ad hoc networks. We propose a set of routing protocols, Self-Balancing…

Lundquist, Doug

2011-01-01

140

Effectiveness of Using Periodic Messages for Disseminating Warning Information in Vehicular Ad  

E-print Network

. INTRODUCTION Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANET) is one of the most active topics in Intelligent Transportation VANET and then provide an ITS services to drivers. One example of these services is to forward safety information to vehicles in a certain range and within certain time latency. Some VANET applications use

Mahmud, Syed Masud

141

Dissemination of Medical Information: Organizational and Technological Issues in Health Sciences Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes five programs that have been significant to the evolution of biomedical communications in health sciences libraries over the last twenty years: the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM); Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS); National Research and Education Network (NREN); Unified Medical Language System…

Roderer, Nancy K.

1993-01-01

142

A web information system for the management and the dissemination of Cultural Heritage data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safeguarding and exploiting Cultural Heritage induce the production of numerous and heterogeneous data. The management of these data is an essential task for the use and the diffusion of the information gathered on the field. Previously, the data handling was a hand-made task done thanks to efficient and experienced methods. Until the growth of computer science, other methods have been

Élise Meyer; Pierre Grussenmeyer; Jean-Pierre Perrin; Anne Durand; Pierre Drap

2007-01-01

143

A Qualitative Investigation of Practicing Psychologists' Attitudes Toward Research-Informed Practice: Implications for Dissemination Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a qualitative analysis of interviews with 25 psychologists in independent practice, investigating everyday treatment decisions and attitudes about treatment outcome research and empirically supported treatments (ESTs). Clinicians noted positive aspects about treatment outcome research, such as being interested in what works. However, they had misgivings about the application of controlled research findings to their

Rebecca E. Stewart; Shannon Wiltsey Stirman; Dianne L. Chambless

2012-01-01

144

Development of an integrated application portal for environmental spatial information dissemination in the Nestos river basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water resources management is a comprehensive planning process dimensioning all water related components. With this in mind, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires reliable and continuous water monitoring and collection of qualitative information in order to support decision making concerning water pollution events, focusing primarily on civil protection. The present research study initiates the coupling of water quality - quantity monitoring techniques and telemetric systems with geographic information system (GIS) based map server technologies for the near real time warning about potential water pollution events. The study is being implemented in the Greek part of the transboundary Nestos river basin and forms part of the Bulgarian and Greek European Territorial Cooperation Programme 2007-2013. The aim of this partnership is to develop an operational supportive mechanism for the Competent Authorities of water management in both countries in order to facilitate the planning and implementation of sustainable water management along with civil protection.

Zalidis, George; Karapetsas, Nikolaos; Skoulikaris, Charalampos; Misopolinos, Lazaros; Manesis, Charalampos

2013-08-01

145

Satellite systems development in Europe and the opportunities for information dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The differences between 'low-power' telecommunications satellites and 'high-power' direct-broadcast satellites (DBS) are elucidated. It is noted that, in general, low-power satellites will provide services to businesses and high-power DBS satellites to homes. Plans for the two systems in the future are discussed as well as satellite capacity supply and demand, opportunities for the introduction of information services, and the role of ESA's Olympus satellite.

Chaplin, J.

1986-08-01

146

QoS Enabled Dissemination of Managed Information Objects in a Publish-Subscribe-Query Information Broker  

E-print Network

, including Net-Centric Enterprise Systems (NCES) [6], a set of services enabling access to and use. INTRODUCTION Information management services have emerged as necessary concepts for information exchange in net-centric and querying clients. While information management services have become necessary concepts to support net-centric

Schmidt, Douglas C.

147

Information dissemination and communication in stakeholder participation: the Bohol-Cebu water supply project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Development,theories in the 1990s embrace,a much,more people-centred perspective,than in previous,decades. At the same time, foreign direct investment is increasingly being touted as a new form of development assistance, and transnational corporations as new aid agents. However, the ideology of the free market is incongruous,with,the,people-centredness,of,contemporary development,theory. The,result,is,a,polarisation,between participatory development,and market,driven paradigms. This study introduced,the,models,of,instrumental,and,transformative participation,and,the way,they,influence,information,flow,and communication.,These,models,are,used,to examine,a project proponent’s

Karen T. Fisher; Peter B. Urich

1999-01-01

148

Find It. Delete It. Protect It. Information Technology Security Strategy  

E-print Network

Find It. Delete It. Protect It. Information Technology Security Strategy Executive Summary The general proposed strategy is to optimize risk management for information security incrementally and over that security will be a process rather than project. Achievement of the goal, optimized risk management

Sheridan, Jennifer

149

University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

150

Creating new realities: program development and dissemination.  

PubMed Central

Program development and dissemination in human services present challenges and opportunities for social scientists. Over the past 27 years the Teaching-Family Model of group home treatment has moved from prototype development to widespread dissemination across North America. Reviewing concepts in industry related to product development and dissemination, the application of these concepts to a human services delivery system, and program replication and dissemination data offer information about how innovative human services can be widely adapted and adopted. PMID:8307838

Fixsen, D L; Blase, K A

1993-01-01

151

Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) Project: Dissemination of Weather Information for the Reduction of Aviation Weather-Related Accident Causal Factors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) is part of the Weather Accident Prevention (WxAP) Project, which is part of the NASA's Aviation Safety and Security Program. The goals of WINCOMM are to facilitate the exchange of tactical and strategic weather information between air and ground. This viewgraph presentation provides information on data link decision factors, architectures, validation goals. WINCOMM is capable of providing en-route communication air-to-ground, ground-to-air, and air-to-air, even on international or intercontinental flights. The presentation also includes information on the capacity, cost, and development of data links.

Jarrell, Michael; Tanger, Thomas

2004-01-01

152

[Dissemination of medical information in Europe, the USA and Japan, 1850-1870: focusing on information concerning the hypodermic injection method].  

PubMed

Modern medicine was introduced in Japan in the second half of the nineteenth century. In order to investigate this historical process, this paper focuses on the dissemination of information of a new medical technology developed in the mid-nineteenth century; it does so by making comparisons of the access to medical information between Europe, the USA and Japan. The hypodermic injection method was introduced in the clinical field in Europe and the USA as a newly developed therapeutic method during the 1850s and 1870s. This study analyzed information on the medical assessments of this method by clinicians of these periods. The crucial factor in accumulating this information was to develop a worldwide inter-medical communication circle with the aid of the medical journals. Information on the hypodermic injection method was introduced in Japan almost simultaneously with its introduction in Europe and the USA. However, because of the geographical distance and the language barrier, Japanese clinicians lacked access to this worldwide communication circle, and they accepted this new method without adequate medical technology assessments. PMID:22586891

Tsukisawa, Miyoko

2011-12-01

153

Direct application of west coast geothermal resources in a wet corn milling plant supplementary analyses and information dissemination. Final report, addendum  

SciTech Connect

In an extension to the scope of the previous studies, supplementary analyses were to be performed for both plants which would assess the economics of geothermal energy if coal had been the primary fuel rather than oil and gas. The studies include: supplementary analysis for a coal fired wet corn milling plant, supplementary analysis for an East Coast frozen food plant with coal fired boilers, and information dissemination activities.

Not Available

1982-03-19

154

On the use of Web-based-GIS for managing and disseminating hazard and risk spatial information in volcanic areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In volcanic areas exposed to multiple geological hazards, the efficient interpretation of the increasing amount of geographical data is a challenging issue. Within the European MIAVITA project, we investigated to which extent WebGIS can facilitate this interpretation through the visualization of such complex hazard and risk database. This analysis was structured around (1) the development of a Web-based Geographical Information System (WebGIS) and of an application for managing the geographical database, and (2) interactions with a group of hazard and risk analysts and managers, civil security officers, GIS analysts and system developers. We tested the system in the Mount Cameroon volcano, taking advantage of a complex hazard and risk geographical database collected previously. Key requirements here related to the need for a structured and flexible GIS-database and to manage user's privileges differently according to their profile and the status of the volcano. In addition, this study showed that it is important for such systems to manage different status for data, from data than can only be interpreted by experts (e.g. some complex remote sensing products) to data that can be disseminated to any potential user (e.g. a regulatory hazard map). While the developed tool is able to provide users with enough flexibility to respond to the users' requirements, it is still necessary to own expertise in WebGIS to manage such tools in the long term in local volcano observatory. Nevertheless, this study shows that WebGIS-based systems can relatively easily integrate some most important working procedures of hazard and risk management in volcanic areas.

Le Cozannet, G.; Bagni, M.; Thierry, P.; Aragno, C.; Kouokam, E.

2013-10-01

155

Information Literacy: Search Strategies, Tools & Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was created to teach information literacy. It takes a user-centered perspective in using information technology as a tool to accomplish a variety of tasks and is divided into a series of nine interrelated yet independent chapters. Chapter 1 is an introduction to basic concepts, focusing on fundamental models of information sources and…

Ercegovac, Zorana

156

Information Systems Enrollments: Challenges and Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the late 1990s, enrollments in Information Technology and Information Systems-related academic programs have declined sharply. This paper addresses possible causes of the enrollment decline, and some of the "myths" regarding careers in IT/IS are dispelled. A number of efforts underway at various universities and professional organizations in…

Granger, Mary J.; Dick, Geoffrey; Jacobson, Carolyn McKinnell; Van Slyke, Craig

2007-01-01

157

Information Delivery Strategies and the Rural Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, implemented information and library services to its primarily rural distance education students using information brokering and document delivery via the university's computer network, voice mail, and telefacsimile. The positive student response in light of the special needs of Alaskan Native…

West, Sharon M.

1992-01-01

158

45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...a) Introduction to dissemination: The UAP disseminates information and research...disabilities and their families. (b) The UAP must be a resource for information for...promote public awareness and visibility of the UAP, and facilitate replication of best...

2012-10-01

159

45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a) Introduction to dissemination: The UAP disseminates information and research...disabilities and their families. (b) The UAP must be a resource for information for...promote public awareness and visibility of the UAP, and facilitate replication of best...

2010-10-01

160

45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a) Introduction to dissemination: The UAP disseminates information and research...disabilities and their families. (b) The UAP must be a resource for information for...promote public awareness and visibility of the UAP, and facilitate replication of best...

2013-10-01

161

45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...a) Introduction to dissemination: The UAP disseminates information and research...disabilities and their families. (b) The UAP must be a resource for information for...promote public awareness and visibility of the UAP, and facilitate replication of best...

2014-10-01

162

45 CFR 1388.7 - Program criteria-dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...a) Introduction to dissemination: The UAP disseminates information and research...disabilities and their families. (b) The UAP must be a resource for information for...promote public awareness and visibility of the UAP, and facilitate replication of best...

2011-10-01

163

Intelligent Agents: Information Strategies for the Information Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the workplace of today which is increasingly being overloaded with information, the concept of intelligent information agents has been widely prescribed. This paper briefly looks at the United Kingdom Government's Information Society Initiative which has been fueled by the realization that information is the key component of the ongoing…

Garcia-Sierra, A. J.

164

Vertical Integration: Corporate Strategy in the Information Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles the corporate strategies of three sectors of the information industry and the trend toward consolidation in electronic publishing. Three companies' acquisitions are examined in detail using qualitative data from information industry columns and interpreting it on the basis of game theory. (EM)

Davenport, Lizzie; Cronin, Blaise

1986-01-01

165

Tailoring Information Strategies for Developing Countries: Some Latin American Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the conditions of developing countries which must be taken into account in developing information strategies for their public and educational institutions or projects. Its central argument is that newer information science concepts, although they demand technological and conceptual sophistication, can be useful in the…

Crowther, Warren

166

Strategies for finding government information by older people  

E-print Network

Strategies for finding government information by older people Paul Curzon, Suzette Keith, Gill for finding government information by older people Paul Curzon, Suzette Keith, Gill Whitney, Judy Wilson Interaction Design Centre, Design for All Group Middlesex University, London Abstract Governments increasingly

Curzon, Paul

167

Retrieval Strategies for Linearly Ordered Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subjects responded to pairs of test items from learned linear orderings (e.g., Tom is taller than Dick; Dick is taller than Sam, etc.). Results are compared with previous studies of ordered linguistic, perceptual, and numerical information. (Editor/RK)

Polich, John M.; Potts, George R.

1977-01-01

168

Designing a public web-based information system to illustrate and disseminate the development and results of the DESIRE Project to combat desertification.  

PubMed

Until around 1995 it was challenging to make the scientific results of research projects publicly available except through presentations at meetings or conferences, or as papers in academic journals. Then it began to be clear that the Internet could become the main medium to publish and share new information with a much wider audience. The DESIRE Project (desertification mitigation and remediation of land-a global approach for local solutions) has built on expertise gained in previous projects to develop an innovative online 'Harmonized Information System' (HIS). This documents the context, delivery and evaluation of all tasks in the DESIRE Project using non-scientific terminology, with much of it also available in the local languages of the study sites. The DESIRE-HIS makes use of new possibilities for communication, including video clips, interactive tools, and links to social media networks such as Twitter. Dissemination of research results using this approach has required careful planning and design. This paper sets out the steps that have culminated in a complete online Information System about local solutions to global land management problems in desertification-affected areas, including many practical guidelines for responsible land management. As many of those who are affected by desertification do not have Internet access, printable dissemination materials are also available on the DESIRE-HIS. PMID:23708265

Geeson, Nichola; Brandt, Jane; Quaranta, Giovanni; Salvia, Rosanna

2014-11-01

169

Designing a Public Web-Based Information System to Illustrate and Disseminate the Development and Results of the DESIRE Project to Combat Desertification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Until around 1995 it was challenging to make the scientific results of research projects publicly available except through presentations at meetings or conferences, or as papers in academic journals. Then it began to be clear that the Internet could become the main medium to publish and share new information with a much wider audience. The DESIRE Project (desertification mitigation and remediation of land—a global approach for local solutions) has built on expertise gained in previous projects to develop an innovative online `Harmonized Information System' (HIS). This documents the context, delivery and evaluation of all tasks in the DESIRE Project using non-scientific terminology, with much of it also available in the local languages of the study sites. The DESIRE-HIS makes use of new possibilities for communication, including video clips, interactive tools, and links to social media networks such as Twitter. Dissemination of research results using this approach has required careful planning and design. This paper sets out the steps that have culminated in a complete online Information System about local solutions to global land management problems in desertification-affected areas, including many practical guidelines for responsible land management. As many of those who are affected by desertification do not have Internet access, printable dissemination materials are also available on the DESIRE-HIS.

Geeson, Nichola; Brandt, Jane; Quaranta, Giovanni; Salvia, Rosanna

2014-11-01

170

Public information strategies : making government information available to citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

New technological opportunities and increasing demands make it imperative for government agencies to make the information they gather available to citizens. How should they go about this? This paper presents a conceptual framework for analyzing the strategic options open to agencies which have information that could be relevant to citizens. The conceptual framework is constructed on the basis of the

A. J. Meijer; M. Thaens

2009-01-01

171

Dissemination Strategies to Improve Implementation of the PHS Smoking Cessation Guideline in MCH Public Health Clinics: Experimental Evaluation Results and Contextual Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report results from an experimental study that tested the effectiveness of dissemination interventions to improve implementation of smoking cessation guidelines in maternal and child public health clinics. We additionally examine individual clinic results for contextual explanations not apparent from the experimental findings alone. Twelve…

Manfredi, Clara; Cho, Young Ik; Warnecke, Richard; Saunders, Stephen; Sullivan, Myrtis

2011-01-01

172

Future directions in nuclear data dissemination  

SciTech Connect

The manner in which nuclear physics information has been collected and disseminated has changed significantly since nuclear reaction data centers were first formed in the 1950`s and 1960`s. The periods of change can be characterized as the computerization of the data centers` functions beginning in the late 1960s and the development of electronic data dissemination beginning in the mid-1980`s. This paper reviews the development of the present data dissemination methods of the neutron reaction data centers and presents some views on how the development of electronic data dissemination will proceed.

Dunford, C.L. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

1994-12-31

173

Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

1993-01-01

174

Thermo2Pro: Knowledge dissemination for deep geothermal exploration  

E-print Network

1/12 Thermo2Pro: Knowledge dissemination for deep geothermal exploration Philippe Calcagno1 territoires, Voreppe, France # now at Kitware, Villeurbanne, France p.calcagno@brgm.fr Keywords: Deep geothermal exploration, information system, Web tool, sedimentary basin, dissemination. Abstract

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

175

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

176

35 Strategies for Guiding Readers through Informational Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical guide presents inspiring, research-based activities for teaching students in grades K-12 how to read and think critically about informational texts. With five essential types of strategies, seasoned and preservice teachers learn ways to help students select engaging, challenging reading materials; develop their knowledge of history,…

Moss, Barbara; Loh, Virginia S.

2010-01-01

177

Hypermedia Navigation Profiles: Cognitive Characteristics and Information Processing Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Videotaped observations were made of seventh and eleventh grade students using an instructional hypermedia system. Three profiles of hypermedia navigation emerged with each style characterized by distinct information processing strategies. Analysis of the characteristics of learners revealed that students within each profile group had similar…

MacGregor, S. Kim

1999-01-01

178

An Information-Based Exploration Strategy for Environment Mapping  

E-print Network

An Information-Based Exploration Strategy for Environment Mapping with Mobile Robots Francesco unknown environments is recognized as one of the main requirements for autonomous mobile robots one of the main requirements for autonomous mobile robots [53]. To be effi- cient in performing its

Amigoni, Francesco

179

Disseminating and Using Research Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer some practical guidelines in four areas of rehabilitation research information dissemination: (1) filing and retrieval problems; (2) level and styles of writing, listing, abstracting, summarizing, and reconceptualizing; (3) profiling the average practitioner-consumers; and (4) leveling attitudinal barriers. Filing and retrieval…

Overs, Robert P.; Trotter, Ann B.

180

Dissemination Activities Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the first 24 months of the project, KP-Lab members were highly dedicated to dissemination and were engaged in various dissemination activities that contributed to the prime objective of the KP-Lab dissemination efforts which is "to make the project widely known to a variety of prospective users and, at a later stage, to promote the…

Barclay, Hanna; Batatia, Hudj; Bauters, Merja; Ben Ami, Zvi; Drachman, Raul; Flouris, Giorgos; Jadin, Tanja; Jalonen, Satu; Karlgren, Klas; Karpati, Andrea; Kotzinos, Dimitris; Lakkala, Minna; Lallimo, Jiri; Moen, Anne; Nygard, Kathrine; Paavola, Sami; Padiglia, Sheila; Scapolla, Marina; Sins, Patrick; Vasileva, Tania

2008-01-01

181

Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Information by Federal Agencies. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (April 29, June 26, October 18, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a complete record of testimony presented at a series of hearings before the U.S. Congress on the electronic collection and dissemination of information by federal agencies. In looking at the effect of new computer and communications technology on government information activities and practices, the hearings considered such…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

182

Information Management Strategies for Program Tracking and Formative Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Institute for Broadening Participation (IBP) has developed information management systems to facilitate programmatic formative evaluation, tracking and outreach activities. Nearly a decade of design solutions and technical implementations in support of IBP's professional development and mentoring programs for students (including the "Pathways to Ocean Science," "Minorities Striving and Pursuing Higher Degrees of Success" in Earth System Science, and "Pathways to Engineering") has provided IBP with a toolbox of proven strategies for addressing program engagement and participant tracking, outreach, and a variety of other information management needs. In this session, IBP will use case-specific examples to share general design strategies for program participant and activities data collection in REUs and other program types. The cases will illustrate an approach that begins with a review of program logic, objectives, expected outcomes, constraints and requirements, which then informs a comprehensive system design. When implemented, such information systems improve administrative efficiency through streamlined data collection processes and easy-to-use data capture forms, and a corresponding set of reporting tools provides access to data that is crucial for ongoing program improvement. IBP presents this information in response to collaborations with administrators of Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) programs as well as longer duration programs, who have expressed the need for more comprehensive and easy to use information systems. Recently IBP has also worked with the directors of NSF and NASA funded programs seeking assistance in addressing their formative evaluation needs including system design, information collection, and reporting efforts.

Siegfried, D.; Detrick, L.; Valaitis, S.; Johnson, A.; Thomas, S. H.; Fauver, A.

2013-05-01

183

Information Overload and Viral Marketing: Countermeasures and Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studying information diffusion through social networks has become an active research topic with important implications in viral marketing applications. One of the fundamental algorithmic problems related to viral marketing is the Influence Maximization (IM) problem: given an social network, which set of nodes should be considered by the viral marketer as the initial targets, in order to maximize the influence of the advertising message. In this work, we study the IM problem in an information-overloaded online social network. Information overload occurs when individuals receive more information than they can process, which can cause negative impacts on the overall marketing effectiveness. Many practical countermeasures have been proposed for alleviating the load of information on recipients. However, how these approaches can benefit viral marketers is not well understood. In our work, we have adapted the classic Information Cascade Model to incorporate information overload and study its countermeasures. Our results suggest that effective control of information overload has the potential to improve marketing effectiveness, but the targeting strategy should be re-designed in response to these countermeasures.

Cheng, Jiesi; Sun, Aaron; Zeng, Daniel

184

Facilitating Access to Antiviral Medications and Information During an Influenza Pandemic: Engaging with the Public on Possible New Strategies  

PubMed Central

Antiviral medications can decrease the severity and duration of influenza, but they are most effective if started within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. In a severe influenza pandemic, normal channels of obtaining prescriptions and medications could become overwhelmed. To assess public perception of the acceptability and feasibility of alternative strategies for prescribing, distributing, and dispensing antivirals and disseminating information about influenza and its treatment, the Institute of Medicine, with technical assistance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), convened public engagement events in 3 demographically and geographically diverse communities: Fort Benton, MT; Chattanooga, TN; and Los Angeles, CA. Participants were introduced to the issues associated with pandemic influenza and the challenges of ensuring timely public access to information and medications. They then discussed the advantages and disadvantages of 5 alternative strategies currently being considered by the CDC and its partners. Participants at all 3 venues expressed high levels of acceptance for each of the proposed strategies and contributed useful ideas to support their implementation. This article discusses the key findings from these sessions. PMID:24552360

Koonin, Lisa M.; Stoto, Michael A.; Shah, Umair A.; Cooper, Susan R.; Piltch-Loeb, Rachael N.; Kellermann, Arthur L.

2014-01-01

185

The role of media in the dissemination of environmental and natural disaster information to the public: NPOESS: the future of earth observation and the media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TV broadcast news, part news and part entertainment, continuously transformed by new technology and driven by ratings, still remains the primary form of dissemination of real time information to the general public. Media coverage of environmental issues and natural disasters varies considerably, depending on the perceived interests of the audience. While some receive a lot of coverage with in depth scientific analysis, others receive almost no coverage at all, or are only superficially covered. Although the media is often criticized by scientists for the uneven coverage of events, scientists, agencies and NGOs, must rely on the media to quickly reach the general public. Public awareness and understanding of natural hazards can help save lives and reduce property damages and economic losses, particularly as global climate change and its connection to hazards is accelerating. Earth orbiting satellites provide an unprecedented access to high resolution data about the Earth and its environment. Although such data are readily available and provides excellent visuals for natural hazards, their use in media broadcast is still not widespread. The goal of this research is to bridge the gap between the scientific data available and the visuals currently used in media broadcast. In this work we analyze the media coverage of natural hazards and disasters and the impact on the public. We present examples of past cooperation that led to the dissemination of earth observation products through TV broadcasts, and discuss the different requirements which have to be met in order to transform high resolution satellite images and scientific data into a TV friendly format. Finally, we identify the potential use of future products from the upcoming NPOESS satellite platforms for the coverage of natural hazards and disasters.

Ameller, Rafael; Cervone, Guido; Kafatos, M.; Jones, Dave

186

Strategis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Strategis is a web site developed by Industry Canada to provide business information resources to Canadian businesses. Resources available include a searchable database of Canadian companies, business information for each sector, a list of business support services, and a guide to business laws and regulation. The International Business Information Network offers information about business opportunities abroad; Trade Data Online provides Canadian and US trade data. A collection of research publications by Industry Canada and monthly economic indicators on the economy are additional economic resources found at this site. Users can view this site in French or English.

1998-01-01

187

Final report. Geothermal Energy Program: Information dissemination, public outreach, and technical analysis activities. April 1, 1999 to December 31, 2001. USDOE Grant No. DE-FG01-99-EE35098  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the accomplishments of the geothermal energy program: information dissemination, public outreach, and technical analysis activities by the project team consisting of the Geo-Heat Center, Geothermal Resources Council, Geothermal Education Office, Geothermal Energy Association, and the Washington State University Energy Program.

Lund, John W.

2002-03-22

188

Cases, Scripts, and Information-Seeking Strategies: On the Design of Interactive Information Retrieval Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The support of effective interaction of the user with the other components of thesystem is a central problem for information retrieval. In this paper, we present atheory of such interactions taking place within a space of information-seeking strategies,and discuss how such a concept can be used to design for effective interaction.In particular, we propose a model of information retrieval system

Nicholas J. Belkin; Colleen Cool; Adelheit Stein; Ulrich Thiel

1994-01-01

189

Optimization of Secondary Concentrators with the Continuous Information Entropy Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this contribution, a method for global optimization of noisy functions, the Continuous Information Entropy Strategy (CIES), is explained and its applicability for the optimization of solar concentrators is shown. The CIES is efficient because all decisions made during optimizations are based on criteria that are derived from the concept of information entropy. Two secondary concentrators have been optimized with the CIES. The optimized secondary concentrators convert circular light distributions of round focal spots to square light distributions to match with the shape of square PV cells. The secondary concentrators are highly efficient and have geometrical concentration ratios of 2.25 and 8 respectively. Part of this material has been published in: T. C. Schmidt, "Information Entropy-Based Decision Making in Optimization", Ph.D. Thesis, Philipps University Marburg, 2010.

Schmidt, Tobias Christian; Ries, Harald

2010-10-01

190

Examination of the mass media process and personal factors affecting the assessment of mass media-disseminated health information.  

PubMed

This study examined the mass media and personal characteristics leading to health communication inequality as well as the role of certain factors in health communication's mass media process. Using both sociodemographic variables and Maletzke's model as a basis, we investigated the relationship between selected components of the mass communication process, the receiving of reliable health information as a result of health communication, and the condition of its use. The study involved 1853 people in Turkey and was structured in two parts. The first part dealt with questions regarding sociodemographic characteristics, the use of the mass media and the public's ability to obtain health information from it, the public's perception of the trustworthiness of health information, and the state of translating this information into health-promoting behaviours. In the second part, questions related to the mass communication process were posed using a five-point Likert scale. This section tried to establish structural equation modelling using the judgements prepared on the basis of the mass media model. Through this study, it has been observed that sociodemographic factors such as education and age affect individuals' use of and access to communication channels; individuals' trust in and selection of health information from the programme content and their changing health behaviours (as a result of the health information) are related to both their perception of the mass communication process and to sociodemographic factors, but are more strongly related to the former. PMID:25002272

Avc?, Kadriye; Cak?r, Tülin; Av?ar, Zakir; Uzel Ta?, Hanife

2014-07-01

191

The Options Handbook. Communicating with Prospective Students About Postsecondary Educational Options. Handbook Two: Information Dissemination Concerning Costs and Financial Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present complex and changing context students and families are looking for information tools to help them identify financial planning constants to allow them to reduce the number of unknown factors that can be barriers to the completion of a personal financial package to cover the cost of higher education. This handbook is designed to…

Carlson, Mary S., Ed.; Berlet, Chip, Ed.

192

Content and host-centric information dissemination in delay-tolerant smartphone MANETs: An architecture and demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Usage of mobile commercial communication devices is continually increasing. However, these devices require a fixed infrastructure and do not function in mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) characterized by large delays or disruptions. Furthermore, these devices do not support the emerging communications needed when the location of information publishers and consumers is unknown (e.g., content centric communication models). To provide these capabilities,

Praveen Sharma; Jason Biddle; Aaron Daubman; Evan Fiore; Timothy Gallagher; Maximilian Merfeld; Santiago Paredes; Daniel Souza; Heather Zwahlen; Jeffrey Gottschalk; D. Marquis

2012-01-01

193

Improving data management and dissemination in web based information systems by semantic enrichment of descriptive data aspects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The German-Vietnamese water-related information system for the Mekong Delta (WISDOM) project supports business processes in Integrated Water Resources Management in Vietnam. Multiple disciplines bring together earth and ground based observation themes, such as environmental monitoring, water management, demographics, economy, information technology, and infrastructural systems. This paper introduces the components of the web-based WISDOM system including data, logic and presentation tier. It focuses on the data models upon which the database management system is built, including techniques for tagging or linking metadata with the stored information. The model also uses ordered groupings of spatial, thematic and temporal reference objects to semantically tag datasets to enable fast data retrieval, such as finding all data in a specific administrative unit belonging to a specific theme. A spatial database extension is employed by the PostgreSQL database. This object-oriented database was chosen over a relational database to tag spatial objects to tabular data, improving the retrieval of census and observational data at regional, provincial, and local areas. While the spatial database hinders processing raster data, a "work-around" was built into WISDOM to permit efficient management of both raster and vector data. The data model also incorporates styling aspects of the spatial datasets through styled layer descriptions (SLD) and web mapping service (WMS) layer specifications, allowing retrieval of rendered maps. Metadata elements of the spatial data are based on the ISO19115 standard. XML structured information of the SLD and metadata are stored in an XML database. The data models and the data management system are robust for managing the large quantity of spatial objects, sensor observations, census and document data. The operational WISDOM information system prototype contains modules for data management, automatic data integration, and web services for data retrieval, analysis, and distribution. The graphical user interfaces facilitate metadata cataloguing, data warehousing, web sensor data analysis and thematic mapping.

Gebhardt, Steffen; Wehrmann, Thilo; Klinger, Verena; Schettler, Ingo; Huth, Juliane; Künzer, Claudia; Dech, Stefan

2010-10-01

194

Evolution of agricultural extension and information dissemination in Peru: An historical perspective focusing on potato-related pest control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiplicity and continual change characterize the Peruvian agricultural knowledge and information system (AKIS), reflecting changes in the agricultural sector as a whole. The evolution of these changes can be traced back to the pre-Columbian era when a relatively stable and well-organized system based on indigenous knowledge prevailed. During colonial (1532–1821) and early Republican times (beginning 1821) several changes affecting the

Oscar Ortiz

2006-01-01

195

Improving Business and Information Strategy Alignment: Learning from the Banking Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

An empirical study that explored business and information strategy alignment in the information-intensive and competitive Australian banking industry is featured in this paper. The aim of the study was to identify organizational practices that contribute to and enhance such alignment. Multiple sources of information were used to collect data about business and information strategies from the major firms dominating Australian

Marianne Broadbent; Peter Weill

1993-01-01

196

Strategies for Improving Information Management in Emergency Medicine to Meet Clinical, Research, and Administrative Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergency department of the future will require the effective integration of information technologies into clinical care. This article proposes strategies for improving information management in emergency medicine to facilitate patient care, public health surveillance, clinical research, medical education, and health care management.[Cordell WH, Overhage JM, Waeckerle JF, for the Information Management Work Group: Strategies for improving information management in

William H Cordell; J. Marc Overhage; Joseph F Waeckerle

1998-01-01

197

Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

2013-01-01

198

We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive-behavioral therapy…

Sholomskas, Diane E.; Syracuse-Siewert, Gia; Rounsaville, Bruce J.; Ball, Samuel A.; Nuro, Kathryn F.; Carroll, Kathleen M.

2005-01-01

199

We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) manual only, review of the manual plus access to a CBT training Web

Diane E. Sholomskas; Gia Syracuse-Siewert; Bruce J. Rounsaville; Samuel A. Ball; Kathryn F. Nuro; Kathleen M. Carroll

2005-01-01

200

Manual of Documentation Practices Applicable to Defence-Aerospace Scientific and Technical Information. Volume III: Sections 7--Information Retrieval; 8--Dissemination Practices; 9--Microform Systems and Reprography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third of four volumes in a series describing the basic documentation practices involved in the initial setting up and subsequent operation of an information-library organization to provide defense-aerospace scientific and technical information services, this manual consists of three sections. "Information Retrieval," by Tom Norton, provides a…

Schuler, S. C., Ed.

201

Electronic Dissemination of Government Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. The first report, from the Government Accounting Office (GAO), studies the impact of providing documents solely in electronic format, and hypothesizes on what could be gained if some of the functions of the GPO were taken over by the Library of Congress.

2001-01-01

202

A Primer on Disseminating Applied Quantitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transparency and replication are essential features of scientific inquiry, yet scientific communications of applied quantitative research are often lacking in much-needed procedural information. In an effort to promote researchers dissemination of their quantitative studies in a cohesive, detailed, and informative manner, the authors delineate…

Bell, Bethany A.; DiStefano, Christine; Morgan, Grant B.

2010-01-01

203

77 FR 19178 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA), Department...

2012-03-30

204

Designation : the use of information-based strategies in planning and preservation  

E-print Network

This thesis explores one tool of government action - information - and its influence on local policy and planning. This thesis is not a comprehensive account of information-based strategies, which would require far-reaching ...

McCarthy, Danielle M

2005-01-01

205

Aligning Knowledge Sharing Strategy With Organizational and Cultural Contexts: An Information System Perspective  

E-print Network

Aligning Knowledge Sharing Strategy With Organizational and Cultural Contexts: An Information highlights the importance of organizational and cultural contexts in the efficiency of knowledge of the organizational and cultural contexts, information system functionalities to develop or to promote in order

Boyer, Edmond

206

77 FR 47361 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-08-08

207

77 FR 41370 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-07-13

208

Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology. Testimony before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony discusses ways in which some federal government agencies use technology to provide the public with cheaper, faster access to a wider range of information which can be searched and manipulated in ways never possible on the printed page. Technologies included in the discussion are compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM), electronic…

Brock, Jack L., Jr.

209

Effect of Web-Based Information on Learning Strategies of Post Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was conducted to find out the effect of web-based information on learning strategies of Post graduate students. Gender difference of the sample in their access to web based information and the use of learning strategies was also considered in the study. Data were collected from the sample by using two tools, namely, Web-based…

Kumar, P. K. Sudheesh; Reshma, P. T.

2004-01-01

210

Project Information Form Project Title Advanced Energy Management Strategy Development for Plug-in Hybrid  

E-print Network

Project Information Form Project Title Advanced Energy Management Strategy Development for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles University UC Riverside Principal Investigator Guoyuan Wu PI Contact Information management strategy, which determines how energy flows in a hybrid powertrain should be managed in response

California at Davis, University of

211

Climate change and standing freshwaters: informing adaptation strategies for conservation at  

E-print Network

Climate change and standing freshwaters: informing adaptation strategies for conservation received 26 July 2012 Climate change will have a major impact on freshwater environments globally and producing well-informed climate change adaptation strategies is a priority. Links between climate, hydrology

Hammerton, James

212

The Relationship between Hospital Financial Performance and Information Technology Integration Strategy Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the new healthcare regulations, hospitals are increasingly reevaluating their IT integration strategies to meet expanded healthcare information exchange requirements. Nevertheless, hospital executives do not have all the information they need to differentiate between the available strategies and recognize what may better fit their…

Xie, Yue

2012-01-01

213

Using population segmentation to inform local obesity strategy in England.  

PubMed

Little is known about the views of obese people and how best to meet their needs. Amongst London boroughs Barking and Dagenham has the highest prevalence of adult obesity at 28.7%; the lowest level of healthy eating and of physical activity; and is the 22nd most deprived area of England. The study aimed to gain insight into the attitudes, motivations and priorities of people who are obese or overweight to inform the social marketing of an obesity strategy. Two hundred and ten obese or overweight adults were recruited through visual identification in public thoroughfares to attempt to recruit those seldom seen in primary care. One hundred and eighty-one street-intercept and 52 in-depth interviews were conducted. Thematic analysis was followed by psychographic segmentation. Eleven population segments were identified based on their readiness to change, the value accorded to tackling obesity, identified enabling factors and barriers to weight management and perceived self-efficacy. This population showed considerable variation in its readiness to change and perceived control over obesity but considerable similarity in the exchange value they attributed to tackling their obesity. Even within a relatively homogenous socio-demographic community, there needs to be a range of interventions and messages tailored for different population segments that vary in their readiness to change and confidence about tackling obesity. The dominant emphasis of policy and practice on the health consequences of obesity does not reflect the priorities of this obese population for whom the exchange value of addressing obesity was daily functioning especially in relation to family life. PMID:24504360

Wills, Jane; Crichton, Nicola; Lorenc, Ava; Kelly, Muireann

2014-02-01

214

Pursuing Information: A Conversation Analytic Perspective on Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on second language (L2) communication strategies over the past three decades has concerned itself broadly with defining their usage in terms of planning and compensation, as well as with the use of taxonomies for coding different types of strategies. Taking a Conversation Analytic (CA) perspective, this article examines the fine-grained…

Burch, Alfred R.

2014-01-01

215

Information Literacy: Search Strategies, Tools & Resources. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy, or the ability to seek and effectively utilize information resources, has become a critical tool in the Information Age. Community colleges, as gateways to higher education, have an important role in equipping students with this ability to access and utilize information. The increasing importance of information skills has…

Ercegovac, Zorana; Yamasaki, Erika

216

A Comparative Study of Data Dissemination Models for VANETs  

Microsoft Academic Search

VANETs (vehicular ad hoc networks) are emerging as a new network environment for intelligent transportation systems. Many of the applications built for VANETs will depend on the data push communication model, where information is disseminated to a group of vehicles. In this paper, we present a formal model of data dissemination in VANETs and study how VANET characteristics, specifically the

Tamer Nadeem; Pravin Shankar; Liviu Iftode

2006-01-01

217

Florida Dissemination Capacity Building Grant. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the goals, objectives, activities, and accomplishments of the Florida Capacity Building Project, which was undertaken to improve the information dissemination capabilities of the Florida educational community and which resulted in the establishment of the Florida Resources in Education Exchange (FREE). A detailed statement of…

Kuhn, G. Michael

218

The AFT Educational Research and Dissemination Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure is developed to provide information for local unions within the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) who may be interested in becoming Education Research and Dissemination (ER&D) sites. The following questions are addressed: (1) What Is ER&D? (2) What Can ER&D Accomplish? (3) What Makes ER&D Different? (4) What Do ER&D Participants…

American Federation of Teachers, 2007

2007-01-01

219

Computer software management, evaluation, and dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center involving the collection, processing, and distribution of software developed under the auspices of NASA and certain other federal agencies are reported. Program checkout and evaluation, inventory control, customer services and marketing, dissemination, program maintenance, and special development tasks are discussed.

1983-01-01

220

Building State Capacity in Dissemination: Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review was developed by and principally for the National Testing Service (NTS) Dissemination Project Staff. It is one of eight activities being used by NTS to develop a design for an evaluation of the State Capacity Building Program. The review is in two parts. The first part provides background information, evaluation methodologies and…

Strang, Ernest W.

221

Getting clinical trial results into practice: design, implementation, and process evaluation of the ALLHAT Dissemination Project  

PubMed Central

Background Conventional dissemination of clinical trial results has inconsistent impact on physician practices. A more comprehensive plan to influence determinants of prescribing practices is warranted. Purpose To report the response from the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s requirement for dissemination and evaluation of trials with potential immediate public health applicability. Methods ALLHAT’s dissemination plan had two-components: 1) a traditional approach of media coverage, scientific presentation and publication; and 2) a theory-based approach targeting determinants of clinician behavior. Strategies included (1) academic detailing, in which physicians approach colleagues regarding blood pressure management, (2) direct patient messages to stimulate communication with physicians regarding blood pressure control, (3) approaches to formulary systems to use educational and economic incentives for evidence-based prescription, and (4) direct professional organization appeals to clinicians. Results One hundred and forty-seven Investigator Educators reported 1698 presentations to 18,524 clinicians in 41 states and the District of Columbia. The pre- and post-test responses of 1709 clinicians in the face-to-face meetings indicated significant changes in expectations for positive patient outcomes and intention to prescribe diuretics. Information was mailed to 55 individuals representing 20 professional organizations and to eight formulary systems. Direct-to-patient messages were provided to 14 sites that host patient newsletters and Web sites such as health plans and insurance companies, 62 print mass media outlets, and 12 broadcast media sites. Limitations It was not within the scope of the project to conduct a randomized trial of the impact of the dissemination. However, impact evaluation using quasi-experimental designs is ongoing. Conclusions A large multi-method dissemination of clinical trial results is feasible. Planning for dissemination efforts, including evaluation research, should be considered as a part of the funding and design of the clinical trial and should begin early in trial planning. PMID:19587068

Bartholomew, L Kay; Cushman, William C; Cutler, Jeffrey A; Davis, Barry R; Dawson, Glenna; Einhorn, Paula T; Graumlich, James F; Piller, Linda B; Pressel, Sara; Roccella, Edward J; Simpson, Lara; Whelton, Paul K; Williard, Angela

2009-01-01

222

Sediment loads and sources in heavily modified Irish catchments: A move towards informed management strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) has forced regulatory authorities to take an integrated view of the link between water quality and catchment management. In Northern Ireland, concern over progressive habitat degradation of one of the Province's prime salmon rivers (the River Bush) provided the stimulus for a sediment monitoring programme. The aims of this study were to quantify instream sediment loads and to identify sources of fine sediment feeding into the river channel. This information would then be used to justify changes in the way the catchment's resources were managed. Sediment loads were assessed at four sampling stations on the River Bush system over a one-year period (between 18/07/02 and 24/07/03) using sediment collection tubes and pit-type traps. These ranged between 0.196 and 4.98 t yr - 1 for bed load and 1.70 and 102 t yr - 1 for suspended load. A combination of desktop studies (erosion potential mapping), monitoring (visual observations, bank erosion magnitude and yield) and analytical work (sediment fingerprinting) was then applied in order to elucidate links between catchment sediment erosion and downstream sediment delivery. Bank erosion was highest in regions of the catchment with the least cohesive bank materials during high flow conditions. Livestock poaching and peak flows caused damage to banks at a localised scale and led to selective patches of bare land being susceptible to further erosion, augmenting the sediment load (approximately 2% of the annual suspended sediment and 60% of the annual bed load). Drainage maintenance work (60% and 30%), forest clearfell (1% and 2%) and ploughed land (37% and 8%) also contributed to the annual suspended sediment and bed load, respectively. Nine key actions were suggested in order to improve habitat quality in relation to sediment supply in the River Bush. These included wetland restoration; prohibiting drainage maintenance work; strategies to control conifer plantation felling; reducing bare ground; livestock access restrictions; construction site management; macrophyte clearance; employment of a river warden and systematic dissemination of project recommendations to the general public to generate community involvement. It was essential that these actions were both cost effective and practical in order to maximise catchment stakeholder uptake.

Evans, D. J.; Gibson, C. E.; Rossell, R. S.

2006-09-01

223

Information Processing as a Tool for Selecting Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information processing models indicate that learning occurs in the interaction of three systems: perceptual (receiving information), memory (selective storing of information), and performance (using the processed information). The three systems working together affect each other and together demonstrate learning. Reading, then, is the organization…

Meyers, Ruth S.

224

Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free…

Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

2012-01-01

225

Equilibrium of a two-route system with delayed information feedback strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In intelligent transport system, some advanced information feedback strategies have been developed to reduce the oscillations and enhance the capacity on the road level. However, seldom strategies have considered the information delay and user equilibrium (UE) objective. Here, a derivative cost feedback strategy (DCFS) is proposed to reduce the influence of the delay, based on the UE principle. The simulation results show that in both no-delay and delay information cases, DCFS are the best and can make the system reaching the UE. Because DCFS can predict the trend of the travel cost.

Zhao, Xiao-mei; Xie, Dong-fan; Gao, Zi-you; Gao, Liang

2013-12-01

226

Communicating about the risks and benefits of genetically modified foods. Effects of different information strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reported here aimed to investigate the effects of different types of information about genetically modified foods on both consumer attitudes towards genetic modification and their tendency to choose genetically modified products (compared to more traditionally manufactured alternatives). The impact of information strategy (balanced, or product specific), attributed information source (The “European Association of Consumers”, the “European Association of

Lynn Frewer; Joachim Scholderer; Clive Downs; Lone Bredahl

2000-01-01

227

Emerging Technologies and Business Pressure: The Driving Forces for an Information Management Reengineering Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pharmaceutical industry is characterized by mergers and restructuring; extensive use of outsourcing and global development strategies; new regulatory requirements for electronic records; new methodologies for conducting large clinical trials; and the need to effectively exchange information between the components of a corporate information system. Middleware connectivity and the workflow management systems ensure comprehensive integration of a corporate information system.

Roberto Gomeni

2000-01-01

228

The University of Sheffield Information Strategy 2006 -2009  

E-print Network

experience for students on campus as well as those studying at a distance, or on work-based placements. At the same time, effective information management can minimise the risks posed by information overload quality information systems will enhance the student experience, improving the efficiency

Li, Yi

229

Information literacy: using LISTEN project strategies to equip nurses worldwide.  

PubMed

The 21st century presents a major challenge in the form of information overload. In a profession where new knowledge is ever expanding, nurse educators must equip nurses to find the information they need to provide safe evidence-based care. Information literacy and information technology competencies have become a priority in nursing education, but inconsistencies in definitions, frameworks, content, and design, combined with ill-equipped faculty have hindered the development of a transferable model geared toward improving nurses' information literacy. Challenges are compounded for nurses in developing nations, where access to information and training for information literacy are both problematic. This paper describes experiences from the LISTEN project, during the 1st year of a 3-year funded Nurse Education Practice and Retention grant. Designed to improve information literacy competencies of student and workforce nurses, using individualized learning via interactive web-based modules, LISTEN provides on its' website a Did You Know video dramatizing the importance of information literacy to nurses, and offers resources for information literacy, information technology, and evidence-based nursing practice. Preliminary findings from beta testing reveal the module content is realistic, complete, and logical. The website and video have generated worldwide interest. Future possibilities include nationwide implementation and adaptation for the international arena. PMID:19592922

Patterson, Ramona; Carter-Templeton, Heather; Russell, Cynthia

2009-01-01

230

Integrating network structure and dynamic information for better routing strategy on scale-free networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study information packet routing processes on scale-free networks by mimicking the Internet traffic delivery strategies. We incorporate both the global network structure information and local queuing information in the dynamic processes. We propose several new routing strategies to guide the packet routing. The performance of the routing strategies is measured by the average transit time of the packets as well as their dependence on the traffic amount. We find that the routing strategies which integrate both global network structure information and local dynamic information perform much better than the traditional shortest-path routing protocol which takes into account only the global topological information. Moreover, from comparative studies of these routing strategies, we observe that some of our proposed methods can decrease the average transit time of packets but the performance is closely dependent on the total amount of traffic while some other proposed methods can have good performance independent of the total amount of traffic with hyper-excellent average transit time of packets. Also, numerical results show that our proposed methods integrating network structure information and local dynamic information can work much better than the methods recently proposed in [S. Sreenivasan, R. Cohen, E. López, Z. Toroczkai, H.E. Stanley, Phys. Rev. E 75 (2007) 036105, Zhi-Xi Wu, Gang Peng, Eric W.M. Wong, Kai-Hau Yeung, J. Stat. Mech. (2008) P11002.], which only considered network structure information.

Tang, Xiao-Gai; Wong, Eric W. M.; Wu, Zhi-Xi

2009-06-01

231

Innovation spaces: six strategies to inform health care.  

PubMed

Innovation remains an understudied resource within health care. Furthermore, the goals of US health care reform make innovation vitally important, while the time and resource limitations characteristic of health care make new strategies for innovation both necessary and potentially highly meaningful. The purpose of this study was to examine strategies for innovation in various industries and draw lessons for improving innovation in health care. This qualitative study began with literature research that provided a framework for discussion and identified a recurrent challenge in innovation: balancing the freedom to be creative with the need for structured management of ideas. Researchers then identified leading innovative companies and conducted phone interviews with innovation officers and other experts about their strategies for addressing the major innovation challenge. This article breaks out innovation strategies into 6 categories (dedicated times, formal teams, outside ideas, idea-sharing platforms, company/job goals, and incentives) and evaluates them for levels of control, yield, and pervasiveness. Based on this analysis, recommendations are offered for improving innovation in health care, calling for employee time allocated to innovation, dedicated innovation teams, and the incorporation of outside ideas. PMID:22534972

Dhar, Michael; Griffin, Margaret; Hollin, Ilene; Kachnowski, Stan

2012-01-01

232

Pricing Strategies for Information Technology Services: A Value-Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

While commoditization is creating opportunities for customers of information technology services, it is creating new challenges for the service providers. Pricing strategies are one of the most important challenges and decisions for today's IT service providers. Pricing strategies for IT services have traditionally focused on covering costs, achieving desired margins and meeting the competition. These pricing schemes range from simple

Robert Harmon; Haluk Demirkan; Bill Hefley; Nora Auseklis

2009-01-01

233

Formulating national information technology strategies: A preference ranking model using PROMETHEE method  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to define a national strategy model for information technology (IT) development in developing countries and to apply the model in a real case for Iran. The research is structured around a three-dimensional configuration of strategy development process. These dimensions are key technologies (a set of technology clusters which have high impact on the development

Amir Albadvi

2004-01-01

234

Millennial Undergraduate Research Strategies in Web and Library Information Retrieval Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the author's dissertation regarding search strategies of millennial undergraduate students in Web and library online information retrieval systems. Millennials bring a unique set of search characteristics and strategies to their research since they have never known a world without the Web. Through the use of search engines,…

Porter, Brandi

2011-01-01

235

Use of marketing to disseminate brief alcohol intervention to general practitioners: promoting health care interventions to health promoters.  

PubMed

Health research findings are of little benefit to patients or society if they do not reach the audience they are intended to influence. Thus, a dissemination strategy is needed to target new findings at its user group and encourage a process of consideration and adoption or rejection. Social marketing techniques can be utilized to aid successful dissemination of research findings and to speed the process by which new information reaches practice. Principles of social marketing include manipulating the marketing mix of product, price, place and promotion. This paper describes the development of a marketing approach and the outcomes from a trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of manipulating promotional strategies to disseminate actively a screening and brief alcohol intervention (SBI) programme to general practitioners (GPs). The promotional strategies consisted of postal marketing, telemarketing and personal marketing. The study took place in general practices across the Northern and Yorkshire Regional Health Authority. Of the 614 GPs eligible for the study, one per practice, 321 (52%) took the programme and of those available to use it for 3 months (315), 128 (41%) actively considered doing so, 73 (23%) actually went on to use it. Analysis of the specific impact of the three different promotional strategies revealed that while personal marketing was the most effective overall dissemination and implementation strategy, telemarketing was more cost-effective. The findings of our work show that using a marketing approach is promising for conveying research findings to GPs and in particular a focus on promotional strategies can facilitate high levels of uptake and consideration in this target group. PMID:11133118

Lock, C A; Kaner, E F

2000-11-01

236

Communicating Research to Small Drinking Water Systems: Dissemination by Researchers  

EPA Science Inventory

This talk discusses the challenges of disseminating research relevant to small systems. The presentation discusses efforts by the U.S. EPA’s Office of Research and Development to effectively communicating drinking water information. In particular, communication approaches ...

237

A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

2014-01-01

238

Strategy hubs: Domain portals to help find comprehensive information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies suggest that the wide variability in type, detail, and reliability of online information motivate expert searchers to develop procedural search knowl- edge. In contrast to prior research that has focused on finding relevant sources, procedural search knowledge focuses on how to order multiple relevant sources with the goal of retrieving comprehensive information. Because such procedural search knowledge is

Suresh K. Bhavnani; Christopher K. Bichakjian; Timothy M. Johnson; Roderick J. Little; Frederick A. Peck; Jennifer L. Schwartz; Victor J. Strecher

2006-01-01

239

Library and Information Science Research: Perspectives and Strategies for Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 28 essays in this collection provide an overview of research in library/information science (LIS), present a practical context of such research, and consider related issues and concerns. The essays are: (1) "The Elusive Nature of Research in LIS" (Peter Hernon); (2) "Guides to Conducting Research in Library and Information Science" (Ronald R.…

McClure, Charles R., Ed.; Hernon, Peter, Ed.

240

China Colleges Information Technology Education Development Strategy Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology colleges are digital, networked oriented. The network is foundation, the building of resources is the core, the application is the goal, and the management system is guarantee. However, the current states of Chinese colleges IT application are: emphasizing the building of network environment but ignoring education application; information resources share limited; less quantity and low quality of education

Chen Xin

2009-01-01

241

Delusions of Disseminated Fungosis  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Delusional infestation is a rare monosymptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis according to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It can be a primary disorder or associated with an underlying psychological or physical disorder. It commonly presents as delusional parasitosis, and less than 1% may be fungi related. We present this case as it is a rare presentation of a rare condition. Case Presentation. Our patient is a 60-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a 7-year history of delusional infestation manifested as a disseminated fungal infection. He had previously been reviewed by multiple physicians for the same with no systemic illness diagnosed. After multiple reviews and thorough investigation we diagnosed him with a likely delusional disorder. As is common with this patient cohort he refused psychiatric review or antipsychotic medication. Conclusion. A delusion of a disseminated fungal infestation is a rare condition. It is exceedingly difficult to treat as these patients often refuse to believe the investigation results and diagnosis. Furthermore, they either refuse or are noncompliant with treatment. Multidisciplinary outpatient evaluation may be the best way to allay patient fears and improve treatment compliance. PMID:25610675

Griffin, Paul Matthew

2014-01-01

242

Strategies on the Implementation of China's Logistics Information Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The economic globalization and trend of e-commerce network have determined that the logistics industry will be rapidly developed in the 21st century. In order to achieve the optimal allocation of resources, a worldwide rapid and sound customer service system should be established. The establishment of a corresponding modern logistics system is the inevitable choice of this requirement. It is also the inevitable choice for the development of modern logistics industry in China. The perfect combination of modern logistics and information network can better promote the development of the logistics industry. Through the analysis of Status of Logistics Industry in China, this paper summed up the domestic logistics enterprise logistics information system in the building of some common problems. According to logistics information systems planning methods and principles set out logistics information system to optimize the management model.

Dong, Yahui; Li, Wei; Guo, Xuwen

243

75 FR 25850 - Materials Strategy Request for Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Energy (DOE) is seeking information from stakeholders on rare earth elements and other materials used in energy technologies, particularly...to develop a strategic plan for addressing the role of rare earth elements and other materials in energy technologies and...

2010-05-10

244

The FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project.  

PubMed

The goal of the FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project (FLAIR-FLOW 3) (1997-2000) was to disseminate R&D results from the EU FAIR programme to small and medium-sized food enterprises (SMEs), health professionals (HPs) and consumer groups (CGs) in 19 European countries. The dissemination routes were: (i) one-page technical documents on research results; (ii) their reproduction on the internet; (iii) their reproduction in journals Europe-wide; (iv) workshops on results from EU-supported food research programmes; and (v) lectures and poster presentations by FLAIR-FLOW network personnel. Of the 135 one-pagers produced, 62% were targeted at SMEs, 18% at HPs and 5% at CGs. The remaining 15% were on food safety and were common to the three target groups. There were 1047 publications arising from one-pages in trade journals, and over 8000 requests (paper route) were received for follow-up information. These were in addition to 240 k downloads from the FLAIR-FLOW 3 web site (www.flair-flow.com). Initiatives for HPs included specially collated versions of the one-pagers for major conferences, 20 focused workshops, and interaction with the European Federation of Associations of Dieticians. Currently, dissemination is continuing through FLAIR-FLOW 4 (2001-2003) in 24 countries. FLAIR-FLOW 4 is co-ordinated by M. Jean François Quillien from INRA-CRIAA (FR) at criaa@rennes.inra.fr. PMID:11894751

Gormley, R

2001-08-01

245

RESEARCH ARTICLE Locomoting-to-reach: information variables and control strategies  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Locomoting-to-reach: information variables and control strategies for nested online: 20 September 2011 Ã? Springer-Verlag 2011 Abstract Locomoting-to-reach is a basic perception/ action behavior that requires visual information for the control of both locomotion and reaching

Bingham, Geoffrey P.

246

The Impact of Internet Information Resources on Research Strategies: A Case Study in Alcohol Policy Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of Internet information resources on the development and adaptation of research strategies based on a study of federal alcohol control policy. Considers how Internet access affects utilization of information services within an organization, and describes measures of utilization and effectiveness for assessing the impact of…

Johnson, Suzanne P.; Anglin, Lise; Kavanagh, Lynn T.; Greenfield, Thomas K.; Giesbrecht, Norman A.

1999-01-01

247

Research on Retailers' Horizontal Information Sharing Strategy for Vendor Managed Inventory Supply Chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) and vertical information sharing strategy of supply chain management are very popular in recent years. This paper explores the horizontal information sharing issues between retailers in VMI. The mathematical model of costs in different parts of supply chain is presented. We analysis the impacts on the cost of the whole supply chain by changing order quantity

Kong Xiangrong; Han Botang

2008-01-01

248

Information-Seeking Strategies, Uncertainty, and Computer-Mediated Communication: Toward a Conceptual Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues existing theory and research on computer-mediated communication (CMC) provide a limited view of information-seeking behavior. Proposes a conceptual model for its examination via CMC and new media. Discusses strategies for seeking social information, and identifies factors influencing their selection from alternatives. Describes two…

Ramirez, Artemio, Jr.; Walther, Joseph B.; Burgoon, Judee K.; Sunnafrank, Michael

2002-01-01

249

Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

250

Motivation to learn and learning strategies : IT courses in a library and information science department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give an insight to the motivation processes and learning strategies of the students of the Library and Information Systems (LIS) Department of Alexander Technological Educational Institute (ATEI), Thessaloniki, in courses encompassing Information Technology (IT). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The students participated in the study between the 10th and 12th week of a 13-week

Aspasia Togia; Stella Korobili; Afrodite Malliari

2012-01-01

251

Talk as a Metacognitive Strategy during the Information Search Process of Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper describes a metacognitive strategy related to the social dimension of the information search process of adolescents. Method: A case study that used naturalistic methods to explore the metacognitive thinking nd associated emotions of ten adolescents. The study was framed by Kuhlthau's Information Search Process model and…

Bowler, Leanne

2010-01-01

252

I Give Up! Five Factors that Contribute to the Abandonment of Information Management Strategies1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present initial findings from a six-month study involving qualitative interviews on the topic of project-related personal information management. Specifically, we report on the emergent theme of information management strategy abandonment - that is, what factors in particular might cause people to give up on their systems for managing documents, calendars, email, and other sorts of project

Elisabeth Jones; Harry Bruce; Predrag Klasnja; William Jones

253

Probabilistic aggregation for data dissemination in VANETs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose an algorithm for the hierarchical aggregation of ob- servations in dissemination-based, distributed traffic information systems. Instead of carrying specific values (e.g., the number of free parking places in a given area), our aggregates contain a mod- ified Flajolet-Martin sketch as a probabilistic approximation. The main advantage of this approach is that the aggregates are dupli- cate insensitive. This

Christian Lochert; Björn Scheuermann; Martin Mauve

2007-01-01

254

Twenty Eighth International Conference on Information Systems, Montreal 2007 1 BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN BUSINESS STRATEGY AND  

E-print Network

strategies in terms of market opportunities or competitiveness and software project objectives such as in BETWEEN BUSINESS STRATEGY AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Information Systems Strategy and Governance Victor, an organizational management system will not guarantee or- ganizational success unless the business strategy can

Basili, Victor R.

255

Recent Strategies for Retrieving Chemical Structure Information on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various methods for retrieving chemical structure information on the World Wide Web are discussed. Although graphical plug-in programs provide more search capabilities, users first have to obtain a copy of the programs. Tripos's WebSketch and ACD Interactive Lab adopt a different approach; using JAVA applets, users create and display a structure…

Lo, Mei Ling

1997-01-01

256

Human Trafficking, Information Campaigns, and Strategies of Migration Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information campaigns have been launched since the 1990s in central and eastern Europe to prevent human trafficking and undocumented migration. They attempt to reduce emigration before migrants reach the border and therefore take place within the reinforcement of migration controls. They are designed to discourage potential migrants from leaving by promoting a negative image of migration to western Europe, thus

Céline Nieuwenhuys; Antoine Pécoud

2007-01-01

257

The Information Seeking Strategies of High School Science Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the use of the Artemis web-based interface, which provides a digital library for students to search, organize, and evaluate science information related to project-based investigations. Describes high school science students' use of the scaffolding features embedded in Artemis. Reports that students relied upon the Organizational Feature…

Lumpe, Andrew T.; Butler, Kyle

2002-01-01

258

The Case Research Strategy in Studies of Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article defines and discusses one of these qualitative methods--the case research strat- egy. Suggestions are provided for researchers who wish to undertake research employing this approach. Criteria for the evaluation of case research are established and several characteristics useful for categorizing the studies are identified. A sample of papers drawn from information systems journals is reviewed. The paper concludes

Izak Benbasat; David K. Goldstein

1987-01-01

259

Marketspace Strategy and The European Information Society (Post 1998 Deregulation)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to articulate and spec ulate on the nature of the risks and opportunities that European companies will face after the deregulation of telecommunications in 1998. Whether or not executives realize it, the Internet and the World Wide Web have ushered in a globally standard, set of protocols and infrastructure for information transport, messaging, and

John J. Sviokla; Michael F. Quinn

1997-01-01

260

Getting Started: Informal Small-Group Strategies in Large Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a number of informal "turn-to-your-neighbor" approaches that create an active learning environment in college lecture settings. These include: launching class in discussion, breaking up the lecture for comprehension checks, closing class with small-group conversation, and debriefing exams. (DB)

Cooper, James L.; Robinson, Pamela

2000-01-01

261

Make It Real: Strategies for Success with Informational Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a practical classroom guide to unlocking the treasures of informational texts. It also aims to demonstrate that reading and writing nonfiction can overcome the gender gap, allowing girls and boys to share interests in any subject from bugs and magnets to gardens and cake baking. It explains the use of a range of instructional…

Hoyt, Linda

262

Web 2.0 Strategy in Libraries and Information Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web 2.0 challenges libraries to change from their predominantly centralised service models with integrated library management systems at the hub. Implementation of Web 2.0 technologies and the accompanying attitudinal shifts will demand reconceptualisation of the nature of library and information service around a dynamic, ever changing, networked,…

Byrne, Alex

2008-01-01

263

Information, persuasion, and control in moral appraisal of advertising strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formulation of moral issues surrounding consumer advertising tends to focus on the capacity to persuade or inform, and how these capabilities may be used to distort or fulfill needs and desires. Discussion of these issues abstracts from widespread advertising and marketing practices, by assuming that all advertising is mass advertising, broadcast indiscriminately over the entire market population. This assumption

Taylor R. Durham

1984-01-01

264

Combining structured decision making and value-of-information analyses to identify robust management strategies.  

PubMed

Structured decision making and value-of-information analyses can be used to identify robust management strategies even when uncertainty about the response of the system to management is high. We used these methods in a case study of management of the non-native invasive species gray sallow willow (Salix cinerea) in alpine Australia. Establishment of this species is facilitated by wildfire. Managers are charged with developing a management strategy despite extensive uncertainty regarding the frequency of fires, the willow's demography, and the effectiveness of management actions. We worked with managers in Victoria to conduct a formal decision analysis. We used a dynamic model to identify the best management strategy for a range of budgets. We evaluated the robustness of the strategies to uncertainty with value-of-information analyses. Results of the value-of-information analysis indicated that reducing uncertainty would not change which management strategy was identified as the best unless budgets increased substantially. This outcome suggests there would be little value in implementing adaptive management for the problem we analyzed. The value-of-information analyses also highlighted that the main driver of gray sallow willow invasion (i.e., fire frequency) is not necessarily the same factor that is most important for decision making (i.e., willow seed dispersal distance). Value of-information analyses enables managers to better target monitoring and research efforts toward factors critical to making the decision and to assess the need for adaptive management. PMID:22862796

Moore, Joslin L; Runge, Michael C

2012-10-01

265

Recipients: Please feel free to disseminate to colleagues National Institutes of Health AcademicCommunity Partnership Conference Series (R13)  

E-print Network

, adolescent, and/or adult obesity; health literacy; techniques for outreach and information disseminationRecipients: Please feel free to disseminate to colleagues National Institutes of Health organizations to identify opportunities for addressing health disparities through the use of Community

Apkarian, A. Vania

266

Knowledge Translation Strategies for Enhancing Nurses’ Evidence-Informed Decision Making: A Scoping Review  

PubMed Central

Background Nurses are increasingly expected to engage in evidence-informed decision making (EIDM); the use of research evidence with information about patient preferences, clinical context and resources, and their clinical expertise in decision making. Strategies for enhancing EIDM have been synthesized in high-quality systematic reviews, yet most relate to physicians or mixed disciplines. Existing reviews, specific to nursing, have not captured a broad range of strategies for promoting the knowledge and skills for EIDM, patient outcomes as a result of EIDM, or contextual information for why these strategies “work.” Aim To conduct a scoping review to identify and map the literature related to strategies implemented among nurses in tertiary care for promoting EIDM knowledge, skills, and behaviours, as well as patient outcomes and contextual implementation details. Methods A search strategy was developed and executed to identify relevant research evidence. Participants included registered nurses, clinical nurse specialists, nurse practitioners, and advanced practice nurses. Strategies were those enhancing nurses’ EIDM knowledge, skills, or behaviours, as well as patient outcomes. Relevant studies included systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, cluster randomized controlled trials, non-randomized trials (including controlled before and after studies), cluster non-randomized trials, interrupted time series designs, prospective cohort studies, mixed-method studies, and qualitative studies. Two reviewers performed study selection and data extraction using standardized forms. Disagreements were resolved through discussion or third party adjudication. Results Using a narrative synthesis, the body of research was mapped by design, clinical areas, strategies, and provider and patient outcomes to determine areas appropriate for a systematic review. Conclusions There are a sufficiently high number of studies to conduct a more focused systematic review by care settings, study design, implementation strategies, or outcomes. A focused review could assist in determining which strategies can be recommended for enhancing EIDM knowledge, skills, and behaviours among nurses in tertiary care. PMID:24934565

Yost, Jennifer; Thompson, David; Ganann, Rebecca; Aloweni, Fazila; Newman, Kristine; McKibbon, Ann; Dobbins, Maureen; Ciliska, Donna

2014-01-01

267

Private Appropriation, Public Dissemination and Commercial Product Development in Genomics (DOE)  

SciTech Connect

With DOE funding, I have conducted research on the topic of patents and technology transfer in the Human Genome Project since 1994. My research has proceeded along the following tracks: (1) research and monitoring of legal developments relating to (a) the patenting of DNA sequences and (b) the role of patents in technology transfer; (2) investigating and monitoring the strategies of different institutions in the public and private sector that are involved in DNA sequencing with respect to patenting and disseminating sequence information; (3) investigating and monitoring the impact of these strategies on those who use sequence information in research and product development. I have published commentary as my research proceeds in a variety of forums directed at scientists, lawyers, and science policy-makers.

Rebecca S. Eisenberg

2003-03-19

268

Locomoting-to-reach: information variables and control strategies for nested actions.  

PubMed

Locomoting-to-reach is a basic perception/action behavior that requires visual information for the control of both locomotion and reaching components. We investigated the visual information and the control strategies used to guide both the head and the hand on approach to a target in a locomotion-to-reach task. In this study, participants were required to locomote in the dark to a lit target in three different conditions: monocular vision/target with image size, binocular vision/target with image size, and binocular vision/point-light target (without image size). In task one, participants brought their eyes to the target. In task two, participants brought their outstretched hand to the target. Movement trajectories for both tasks were analyzed. Results show that participants were significantly more accurate when binocular information was present. In both tasks, participants were found to use a proportional rate control strategy rather than a constant ? strategy. In the walk-to-reach task, they used monocular and/or binocular ? information to guide the head and then switched to using relative disparity ? to guide the hand to final target acquisition, switching when the hand centric ? became less than the head centric ?. Dynamical models of the information and control strategies were used to perform simulations that were found to fit the data well. The conclusion is that proportional rate control is used sequentially with head centric, then hand-centric ?-based information, using at each moment the ? with the smallest value. PMID:21931984

Anderson, Joe; Bingham, Geoffrey P

2011-10-01

269

Information and repetition change children's visual strategies when viewing magic tricks with and without gaze cues.  

PubMed

Gaze cues and direct gaze attract visual attention. However, few studies have explored visual cues in children within realistic contexts. The effect of information and repetitive stimulus presentation has not been thoroughly studied with dynamic stimuli. The aim of the present study was to investigate how information affects the visual strategies of children measured by the number of fixations on certain areas of interest and their durations. Furthermore, this study examined the effect of gaze cues and direct gaze. In two consecutive experiments, children's visual strategies when viewing magic tricks were measured by an eye tracker. Gaze cues were only present in Experiment 1.The results showed that repetitive stimulus presentation and information caused children to change their visual strategies when viewing magic tricks with and without gaze cues. However, the effect was larger when the gaze cues were not present. These findings in children were similar to those in adults. PMID:23829142

Ordqvist, Anna; Falkmer, Marita; Parsons, Richard; Leung, Denise; Fleischer, Håkan; Dahlman, Joakim; Girdler, Sonya; Falkmer, Torbjörn

2013-02-01

270

INFORMATION NOT RELEASABLE TO THE PUBLIC UNLESS AUTHORIZED BY LAW: This information has not been publicly disclosed and may be privileged and confidential. It is for internal government use only and must not be disseminated,  

E-print Network

publicly disclosed and may be privileged and confidential. It is for internal government use only and must disclosed and may be privileged and confidential. It is for internal government use only and must and confidential. It is for internal government use only and must not be disseminated, distributed, or copied

Lin, Xiaodong

271

Physicians' communicative strategies in interacting with Internet-informed patients: results from a qualitative study.  

PubMed

This article describes the strategies used by physicians to interact with Internet-informed patients, alongside illustrating the motives underlying such strategies. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a sample of 17 physicians from primary care and medical specialist practices in the Italian part of Switzerland. The sample was diversified in terms of specialty, age, and gender. Data collection and analysis were driven by grounded theory and supported by a computer-assisted qualitative analysis program. A typology of four communicative strategies has been outlined. The adoption of these strategies is shaped by physicians' general attitude toward Internet-informed patients, based on their conception of medical information for lay people through the Internet. However, this general attitude is mediated by doctors' interpretation of the specific communicative context, that is, their appraisal of three aspects: the patient's health literacy, the relevance of the online information to be discussed, and their own communicative efficacy. At the end, the process of interpretation underlying the strategies is discussed to expand on it and to identify implications for practice and research. PMID:22260422

Caiata-Zufferey, Maria; Schulz, Peter J

2012-01-01

272

Jabs and barbs: ways to address misleading vaccination and immunisation information using currently available strategies.  

PubMed

Misleading vaccination information undermines confidence in vaccination and may lead to reductions in the effectiveness of vaccination programs. A number of regulatory techniques can be employed to challenge the spread of false information, including health care complaints, therapeutic goods laws, consumer protection laws and professional discipline. This article examines three case studies involving the publication of anti-vaccination information by non-professionally aligned organisations, by non-registered health professionals, and by registered health professionals under the National Law. The article examines the effectiveness of different regulatory responses and makes suggestions for future strategies to deal with the publication of demonstrably false information regarding vaccination. PMID:24218789

Wardle, Jon; Stewart, Cameron; Parker, Malcolm

2013-09-01

273

Disseminated extragenital bullous lichen sclerosus  

PubMed Central

Lichen sclerosus commonly affects the genitalia of post-menopausal women. We describe a woman with painful, disseminated, bullous, extragenital lichen sclerosus that responded to oral acitretin and topical calcitriol and triamcinolone. PMID:24616861

Trinh, Tu-Van T.; Parr, Karina; Butler, David F.

2014-01-01

274

Internal Draft Do Not Disseminate  

E-print Network

........................................................................9 Chapter 2. NASA Life Cycles for Space Flight Programs and ProjectsInternal Draft Do Not Disseminate NASA SPACE FLIGHT PROGRAM AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK Office .........................................................................................................10 2.2 Program Life Cycle

Christian, Eric

275

Using first nations children's perceptions of food and activity to inform an obesity prevention strategy.  

PubMed

Obesity and associated health risks disproportionately affect Aboriginal (First Nations) children in Canada. The purpose of this research study was to elicit First Nations children's perceptions of food, activity, and health to inform a community-based obesity prevention strategy. Fifteen 4th- and 5th-Grade students participated in one of three focus group interviews that utilized drawing and pile-sorting activities. We used an ecological lens to structure our findings. Analyses revealed that a variety of interdependent sociocultural factors influenced children's perceptions. Embedded within a cultural/traditional worldview, children indicated a preference for foods and activities from both contemporary Western and traditional cultures, highlighted family members as their main sources of health information, and described information gaps in their health education. Informed by children's perspectives, these findings offer guidance for developing an obesity prevention strategy for First Nations children in this community. PMID:22645224

Pigford, Ashlee-Ann E; Willows, Noreen D; Holt, Nicholas L; Newton, Amanda S; Ball, Geoff D C

2012-07-01

276

Dissemination, redissemination and fiber life  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technical background of dissemination of carbon fibers as well as the possibility of redissemination and fiber life are outlined. Plume spread and weather, measures of pollution and of damage potential, and parameters controlling dissemination patterns are among the topics discussed. It is shown that the redissemination rate off hard surfaces decreases with time and that fiber length decreases with time. Redissemination from vegetated land is shown to be insignificant.

Eiber, W.

1979-01-01

277

Dissemination of Student Research in a Canadian Master of Science in Physical Therapy Programme  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the extent of presentation and publication, as well as time to publication, of student research completed as a component of a Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MScPT) degree at a Canadian university. Method: The authors conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of MScPT research projects completed between 2003 and 2009, each undertaken by a group of MScPT students who carried out protocol development, ethics submission, data collection, analysis, and manuscript and poster preparation under the supervision of research advisors. Research advisors were e-mailed a request for citations of presentations and publications. Results: Advisors from 102 of 113 research projects completed from 2003 through 2009 provided information, for a response rate of 90.3%. Of the 102 groups, 53.9% disseminated findings through publication or presentation, 33.3% presented at one or more conferences, and 30.4% published at least one peer-reviewed journal article. Median time to publication was 21 months. Almost half the journal articles (47%) were published in Physiotherapy Canada. Conclusions: MScPT student research groups are disseminating their findings through publication or presentation at a moderate rate. Investigation of factors influencing dissemination is needed to develop strategies to facilitate knowledge transfer. PMID:24403678

O'Brien, Kelly; Evans, Cathy; Yoshida, Karen

2013-01-01

278

The Website Library and Its Parliamentary Information & Dissemination Services: A Case Study of the Parliamentary Library of Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Web site library is a new type of digital library incorporating both digital collections and digital service. In the parliamentary context, this new application of information and communications technology has a dual function: to provide a virtual collection to satisfy users' information demands and to provide all the current services needed…

Ku, Karl Min

279

The Impact of Outsourcing Strategies on Information Systems Capabilities in the Hotel Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work analyses the strategy of outsourcing information systems and information technology (IS\\/IT), considering the different activities comprising the IS\\/IT area. The literature on IS contains numerous works that analyse outsourcing, very few of which examine the relationship with the different types of capabilities in the IS\\/IT area and their strategic value. Most works centre on the motives for, and

Tomás F. Espino-Rodríguez; Antonia M. Gil-Padilla

2007-01-01

280

Efficient Analysis of Informative Advertising Strategy in E-Commerce Platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informative advertising as one of widespread strategies in e-commerce platforms is used for attracting more agents of different sides on board. In this paper, we build a two-stage model to analyze the efficient of informative advertising on equilibrium prices and profit based on two-sided markets theory. In the case of completely covered agent s' markets, we conclude e-commerce platforms with

Kai Zhang; Xiang-yang Li

2010-01-01

281

Data Dissemination in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-print Network

In this report, we first describe the problem that we are dealing with i.e. data dissemination in multi-hop cognitive radio networks. To address this problem, we propose a channel selection strategy named 'SURF'. We evaluate the proposed channel selection strategy in both single-hop and multi-hop scenarios and compared it with relevant approaches. So far, one technical report and a poster is published as part of this work, while two publications are under review; one is in IEEE Communications Letters and the second one is in IEEE WoWMoM conference. In on-going works sections, we first mention some possible directions in the context of SURF. In addition to that, we mention different research problems that we are planning to deal during the course of this PhD dissertation.

Rehmani, Mubashir Husain

2011-01-01

282

Special Reports. Adventures with E-Books: 2001 in Review; Internet Speed, Library Know-How Intersect in Digital Reference; Libraries, Publishers, Authors, Scholars Jointly Explore Internet Publishing Boundaries; Applying the Principles of Intellectual Freedom: A Cross-Cultural Comparison; Dissemination of Government Information; Copyright 2001: Exploring the Implications of Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These five reports discuss electronic books; the Internet speed and digital reference; Internet publishing from the perspectives of libraries, publishers, authors, and scholars; a cross-cultural comparison of intellectual freedom in the United States and Canada; dissemination of government information; and the implications of technology for…

Dillon, Dennis; Rockman, Ilene F.; Valauskas, Edward J.; Haycock, Ken; Mallette, Michelle; Olsen, Anne; Relyea, Harold C.; Oakley, Robert L.

2002-01-01

283

Position re nement for a navigating robot using motion information based on honey bee strategies  

E-print Network

Position re nement for a navigating robot using motion information based on honey bee strategies. The algorithm was inspired by techniques used by navigating honey bees and is based on separating close. The algorithm was implemented and tested using a mobile sensor. 1 Introduction It is known that the honey bee

Fisher, Bob

284

Measuring the Informal Economy: A Validation Study of the Resource Generating Strategies Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article reports on the reliability and validity of a new instrument called the Resource Generating Strategies (RGS) Scale, which was created to measure participation in the informal economy. Method: Researchers interviewed 285 adult women who had received domestic violence services, were currently incarcerated, or were residing in…

Pyles, Loretta

2007-01-01

285

Information systems outsourcing : Motivations and the implementation strategy in a Malaysian bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to aid in understanding the motivations for information system (IS) outsourcing decision and its initial implementation at one of the top commercial banks in Malaysia. The scope of the study includes the motivating factors, the implementation strategy and managing the change process. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study adopts a case study approach where 40 interviews were

Mohd Adam Suhaimi; Husnayati Hussin; Muzzafar Mustaffa

2007-01-01

286

Needed Capabilities and Development Strategies for Future Information Professionals: A Malaysian Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of professional leadership of library and information organizations in Malaysia was conducted to gather their perceptions about the trends in the field during the next 10 years, the extent of preparedness of entry-level professionals and the strategies they proposed for an improvement in education and development programmes. A total of 148 top- and middle-managers from 30 organizations, equally

Sajjad ur Rehman; Ahmad Baker Abu Baker; Sheheen Majid

1998-01-01

287

Strategies To Help Students Cope with the High Information Flow in World Regional Geography Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A traditional world regional geography course inescapably entails a flow of information that many community college students find overwhelming. This paper delineates five strategies developed over 30 years of teaching to help students cope with this fundamental problem: (1) using study guides or a manual to help students understand assigned…

Heath, Douglas E.

288

Integrating the smartphone into a sound environmental information systems strategy: Principles, practices and a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartphones are both green technologies and an integral parts of green information systems that are beginning to make serious contributions toward a sustainable environment. We trace the rise of the smartphone, with particular attention given to the iPhone and its many applications. The fundamental differences between smartphone-based and more common Internet applications, and how these might enhance sustainable strategies for

Leyland F. Pitt; Michael Parent; Iris A. Junglas; Anthony Chan; Stavroula Spyropoulou

2011-01-01

289

The Effect of Information Mapping Strategy on Mathematics Conceptual Knowledge of Junior High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of information mapping strategy on mathematics conceptual knowledge of junior high school students in Rokan Hulu Riau, Indonesia. The study also examined the relationship between mathematics conceptual knowledge and mathematics achievement. Using a quasi-experimental method, the study was…

Zulnaidi, Hutkemri; Zakaria, Effandi

2010-01-01

290

OIT Risk Management Strategy Page 1 of 5 Office of Information Technology  

E-print Network

OIT Risk Management Strategy Page 1 of 5 Office of Information Technology IT Risk Management and people of the IT provider, can result in major disruptions. Risk management seeks to address management best practices in the IT industry and higher education. This document formalizes OIT's risk

291

INFORMATION/STRATEGIES What can I do with this graduate degree?  

E-print Network

related to criminal law, criminal procedure, constitutional law, and evidence. Participate in a criminal or private firms practic- ing criminal law. Civil law deals with a broad range of subjects other thanINFORMATION/STRATEGIES What can I do with this graduate degree? AREAS EMPLOYERS LAW CORPORATE LAW

Mountziaris, T. J.

292

Information systems outsourcing strategies for affiliated firms of the Korean conglomerate groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information systems (IS) outsourcing has received little academic attention in the non-Western context. This paper reports on IS outsourcing strategies for the affiliated firms of the Korean conglomerate groups which possess their own IS subsidiaries. Aggregating the IS departments of the groups' firms into a separate IS division has been a major trend among the Korean conglomerate groups. The IS

Jae-Nam Lee; Young-Gul Kim

1997-01-01

293

Information Strategies for Open Government: Challenges and Prospects for Deriving Public Value from  

E-print Network

Information Strategies for Open Government: Challenges and Prospects for Deriving Public Value from Government Transparency Sharon S. Dawes and Natalie Helbig Center for Technology in Government University to promote open government offer many opportunities to generate social and economic value through public use

Boyer, Edmond

294

Evidence-based radiology: review and dissemination.  

PubMed

Evidence-based radiology (EBR) is an important tool for the practice of radiology. The user of the EBR approach identifies evidence in a systematic fashion and then assimilates information through in-depth, explicit critical review of the best-designed and most recent literature on the subject in question. Clinical decision making is then based on the best current evidence, clinical expertise, and patient values. Substantial progress has been made in the review and dissemination of EBR. Dissemination of EBR within radiology has two critical aspects. The first is increased understanding of the methods required for EBR and of the appropriate use of EBR. The second important component is the dissemination of the data and critical literature reviews necessary to allow use of the EBR approach. Resources available for both EBR methods and EBR data in radiology include societies, journals, medical meetings, Web sites, and textbooks. Although radiology has made important progress in this field in recent years, the specialty is still behind other specialties that have been at the forefront of evidence-based medicine in the past decade. PMID:17641360

Medina, L Santiago; Blackmore, C Craig

2007-08-01

295

Exemplary Dissemination Programs for Intermediate Units Serving Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing information derived from documents, site visits, correspondence, and personal interviews re: 6 intermediate education units serving rural schools which were initially identified via a mail survey, this report describes intermediate education units with exemplary information dissemination programs. Varying considerably, each program is…

Edington, Everett; Hays, Leonard

296

Successful Handling of Disseminated BCG Disease in a Child with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency  

PubMed Central

In high-burden countries, Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is administered in newborn to prevent severe Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Because life-threatening disseminated BCG disease may occur in children with primary immunodeficiency, vaccination strategy against tuberculosis should be redefined in non-high-burden countries. We report the case of a patient with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) who developed disseminated BCG disease, highlighting the specific strategies adopted. PMID:22110512

Bacalhau, Sílvia; Freitas, Cristina; Valente, Rosalina; Barata, Deolinda; Neves, Conceição; Schäfer, Katrin; Lubatschofski, Annelie; Schulz, Ansgar; Neves, João Farela

2011-01-01

297

Social learning strategies and predation risk: minnows copy only when using private information would be costly  

PubMed Central

Animals can acquire information from the environment privately, by sampling it directly, or socially, through learning from others. Generally, private information is more accurate, but expensive to acquire, while social information is cheaper but less reliable. Accordingly, the ‘costly information hypothesis’ predicts that individuals will use private information when the costs associated with doing so are low, but that they should increasingly use social information as the costs of using private information rise. While consistent with considerable data, this theory has yet to be directly tested in a satisfactory manner. We tested this hypothesis by giving minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus) a choice between socially demonstrated and non-demonstrated prey patches under conditions of low, indirect and high simulated predation risk. Subjects had no experience (experiment 1) or prior private information that conflicted with the social information provided by the demonstrators (experiment 2). In both experiments, subjects spent more time in the demonstrated patch than in the non-demonstrated patch, and in experiment 1 made fewer switches between patches, when risk was high compared with when it was low. These findings are consistent with the predictions of the costly information hypothesis, and imply that minnows adopt a ‘copy-when-asocial-learning-is-costly’ learning strategy. PMID:18755676

Webster, M.M; Laland, K.N

2008-01-01

298

Obligate progression precedes lung adenocarcinoma dissemination  

PubMed Central

Despite its clinical importance, very little is known about the natural history and molecular underpinnings of lung cancer dissemination and metastasis. Here we employed a genetically-engineered mouse model of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma in which cancer cells are fluorescently marked to determine whether dissemination is an inherent ability or a major acquired phenotype during lung adenocarcinoma metastasis. We find very little evidence for dissemination from oncogenic Kras-driven hyperplasias or most adenocarcinomas. p53 loss is insufficient to drive dissemination but rather enables rare cancer cells in a small fraction of primary adenocarcinomas to gain alterations that drive dissemination. Molecular characterization of disseminated tumors cells indicates that down-regulation of the transcription factor Nkx2-1 precedes dissemination. Finally, we show that metastatic primary tumors possess a highly proliferative sub-population of cells with characteristics matching those of disseminating cells. We propose that dissemination is a major hurdle during the natural course of lung adenocarcinoma metastasis. PMID:24740995

Caswell, Deborah R.; Chuang, Chen-Hua; Yang, Dian; Chiou, Shin-Heng; Cheemalavagu, Shashank; Kim-Kiselak, Caroline; Connolly, Andrew; Winslow, Monte M.

2014-01-01

299

Space benefits: The secondary application of aerospace technology in other sectors of the economy. [(information dissemination and technology transfer from NASA programs)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space Benefits is a publication that has been prepared for the NASA Technology Utilization Office by the Denver Research Institute's Program for Transfer Research and Impact Studies, to provide the Agency with accurate, convenient, and integrated resource information on the transfer of aerospace technology to other sectors of the U.S. economy. The technological innovations derived from NASA space programs and their current applications in the following areas are considered: (1) manufacturing consumer products, (2) manufacturing capital goods, (3) new consumer products and retailing, (4) electric utilities, (5) environmental quality, (6) food production and processing, (7) government, (8) petroleum and gas, (9) construction, (10) law enforcement, and (11) highway transportation.

1974-01-01

300

Promoting state health department evidence-based cancer and chronic disease prevention: a multi-phase dissemination study with a cluster randomized trial component  

PubMed Central

Background Cancer and other chronic diseases reduce quality and length of life and productivity, and represent a significant financial burden to society. Evidence-based public health approaches to prevent cancer and other chronic diseases have been identified in recent decades and have the potential for high impact. Yet, barriers to implement prevention approaches persist as a result of multiple factors including lack of organizational support, limited resources, competing emerging priorities and crises, and limited skill among the public health workforce. The purpose of this study is to learn how best to promote the adoption of evidence based public health practice related to chronic disease prevention. Methods/design This paper describes the methods for a multi-phase dissemination study with a cluster randomized trial component that will evaluate the dissemination of public health knowledge about evidence-based prevention of cancer and other chronic diseases. Phase one involves development of measures of practitioner views on and organizational supports for evidence-based public health and data collection using a national online survey involving state health department chronic disease practitioners. In phase two, a cluster randomized trial design will be conducted to test receptivity and usefulness of dissemination strategies directed toward state health department chronic disease practitioners to enhance capacity and organizational support for evidence-based chronic disease prevention. Twelve state health department chronic disease units will be randomly selected and assigned to intervention or control. State health department staff and the university-based study team will jointly identify, refine, and select dissemination strategies within intervention units. Intervention (dissemination) strategies may include multi-day in-person training workshops, electronic information exchange modalities, and remote technical assistance. Evaluation methods include pre-post surveys, structured qualitative phone interviews, and abstraction of state-level chronic disease prevention program plans and progress reports. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01978054. PMID:24330729

2013-01-01

301

The future of time and frequency dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

I will try to extrapolate the changes in the dissemination of time and frequency information that have taken place during the last 25 years to predict the future developments both in the methods of disseminating time and frequency and in the kinds of customers we will be asked to serve. Two important developments are likely to play pivotal roles in driving the evolution of dissemination. The first is the commercial availability of very high quality clocks -- devices whose performance may eventually rival that of the current generation of primary frequency standards. The widespread use of these devices may blur the traditional distinction between client and server, and may replace it with a more symmetrical interchange of data among peers. The second is the increasing demand for digital time and frequency information driven by the increasing sophistication of everything from traffic lights to electric power meters. The needs of these individual users may not tax the state of the art of primary frequency standards in principle, but their large numbers and wide geographical distribution present a technological challenge that is difficult to meet at a reasonable price using existing methods. Some of these problems may be solved (or at least addressed) using developments in communications and consumer electronics such as the increasing use of fiber-optic telephone circuits and the increasing bandwidth and sophistication of the cable network used to transmit television pictures. To be useful, these advances in hardware must stimulate parallel advances in software algorithms and methods. These advances are more difficult to predict with great confidence, but the developments of the last few years will be examined to provide some indications of the future.

Levine, Judah

1994-01-01

302

Generation of artificial biometric data enhanced with contextual information for game strategy-based behavioral biometrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the domain of strategy-based behavioral biometrics we propose the concept of profiles enhanced with spatial, temporal and contextual information. Inclusion of such information leads to a more stable baseline profile and as a result more secure systems. Such enhanced data is not always readily available and often is time consuming and expensive to acquire. One solution to this problem is the use of artificially generated data. In this paper a novel methodology for creation of feature-level synthetic biometric data is presented. Specifically generation of behavioral biometric data represented by game playing strategies is demonstrated. Data validation methods are described and encouraging results are obtained with possibility of expanding proposed methodologies to generation of artificial data in the domains other then behavioral biometrics.

Yampolskiy, Roman V.; Govindaraju, Venu

2008-03-01

303

Spatial problem-solving strategies of middle school students: Wayfinding with geographic information systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a powerful computer software package that emphasizes the use of maps and the management of spatially referenced environmental data archived in a systems data base. Professional applications of GIS have been in place since the 1980's, but only recently has GIS gained significant attention in the K--12 classroom. Students using GIS are able to manipulate and query data in order to solve all manners of spatial problems. Very few studies have examined how this technological innovation can support classroom learning. In particular, there has been little research on how experience in using the software correlates with a child's spatial cognition and his/her ability to understand spatial relationships. This study investigates the strategies used by middle school students to solve a wayfinding (route-finding) problem using the ArcView GIS software. The research design combined an individual background questionnaire, results from the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) test, and analysis of reflective think-aloud sessions to define the characteristics of the strategies students' used to solve this particular class of spatial problem. Three uniquely different spatial problem solving strategies were identified. Visual/Concrete Wayfinders used a highly visual strategy; Logical/Abstract Wayfinders used GIS software tools to apply a more analytical and systematic approach; Transitional Wayfinders used an approach that showed evidence of one that was shifting from a visual strategy to one that was more analytical. The triangulation of data sources indicates that this progression of wayfinding strategy can be correlated both to Piagetian stages of logical thought and to experience with the use of maps. These findings suggest that GIS teachers must be aware that their students' performance will lie on a continuum that is based on cognitive development, spatial ability, and prior experience with maps. To be most effective, GIS teaching strategies and curriculum development should also represent a progression that correlates to the learners' current skills and experience.

Wigglesworth, John C.

2000-06-01

304

Leveraging social information systems : using blogs to inform technology strategy decisions  

E-print Network

In the knowledge economy there is a need to develop new methods for processing Internet-based information to achieve growth. This is particularly applicable in complex systems where fact and perception of reality influence ...

Seshasai, Satwiksai, 1980-

2011-01-01

305

HIPAA and information security risk: implementing an enterprise-wide risk management strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 effectively establishes a standard of due care for healthcare information security. One of the challenges of implementing policies, procedures, and practices consistent with HIPAA requirements in the Department of Defense Military Health System is the need for a method that can tailor the requirements to a variety of organizational contexts. This paper will describe a self- directed information security risk evaluation that will enable military healthcare providers to assess their risks and to develop mitigation strategies consistent with HIPAA guidelines.

Alberts, Christopher J.; Dorofee, Audrey

2001-08-01

306

Efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting Services for the Dissemination of Agricultural Information Resources in the Institure for Agricultural Research Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting service for effective organization, storage and retrieval of information resources for agricultural research in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria necessitated examining the situation in Agricultural Library, Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. The study examines the processes, awareness and problems militating against the effective exploitation of the indexing and abstracting services in the Agricultural library established in 1975. The study was conducted ex post facto, data collected span from 2006 ñ 2010. Total sample sizes of 752 patrons and 20,236 intellectually indexed and abstracted resources were involved in the study. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that a total of 644 articles were indexed and abstracted, 35% of these was done in 2010. Results for awareness show 452 (60.11%) to be aware in 2008. A total 584 articles were indexed and abstracted from which 167 (28.59%) was retrieved in 2006. Patrons, 270 (35.90%) attributed the poor use of the service to assumption it is a referral unit. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is significant association between articles indexed and abstracted with information consulted by patrons (?2cal,100.31>?2tab,9.488) at 5% level of probability and df, 4. In conclusion, enormous documents on Nigerian agriculture are indexed and abstracted in the unit, implying that the service is desirous and consistent. The study recommends that the unit should explore the use of modern technology, employ a permanent subject specialist, train and retrain the unit staff as well as intensify it general orientation campaigns to focus on awareness and use of the indexing and abstracting services.

Gabriel, KASA, M.

2012-10-01

307

The Dissemination of Pedagogical Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedagogical patterns have been around since 1995, but several authors claim their impact is limited. However, these claims are based on authors' own observations and not on methodical evaluations of the use and dissemination of pedagogical patterns. This claim is in contrast to the vision of the creators of pedagogical patterns--they think…

Bennedsen, Jens

2006-01-01

308

Dissemination and Utilization: An Imperative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A well-developed approach to dissemination and utilization (D&U) at the four levels of spread, exchange, choice, and implementation is essential if vocational education research and development (R&D) is to achieve the measurable impact found lacking in a Committee on Vocational Education Research and Development (COVERD) assessment (1956). Federal…

Oliver, J. Dale

309

Digital animation as a method to disseminate research findings to the community using a community-based participatory approach.  

PubMed

Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has garnered increasing interest over the previous two decades as researchers have tackled increasingly complex health problems. In academia, professional presentations and articles are major ways that research is disseminated. However, dissemination of research findings to the people and communities who participated in the research is many times forgotten. In addition, little scholarly literature is focused on creative dissemination of research findings to the community using CBPR methods. We seek to fill this gap in the literature by providing an exemplar of research dissemination and partnership strategies that were used to complete this project. In this paper, we present a novel approach to the dissemination of research findings to our targeted communities through digital animation. We also provide the foundational thinking and specific steps that were taken to select this specific dissemination product development and distribution strategy. PMID:22395365

Vaughn, Nicole A; Jacoby, Sara F; Williams, Thalia; Guerra, Terry; Thomas, Nicole A; Richmond, Therese S

2013-03-01

310

Multilocular disseminated tarlov cysts: importance of imaging.  

PubMed

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of our study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbo-sacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan in noninvasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by MR and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of TCs in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. Until date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to be followed for their management. PMID:25191117

Padma, Subramanyam; Sundaram, P Shanmuga

2014-01-01

311

Multilocular Disseminated Tarlov Cysts: Importance of Imaging  

PubMed Central

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of our study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbo-sacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan in noninvasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by MR and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of TCs in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. Until date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to be followed for their management. PMID:25191117

Padma, Subramanyam; Sundaram, P. Shanmuga

2014-01-01

312

Copyright Data Dissemination Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An impressive, multi-functional interface for the Canadian Intellectual Property Office's online services, this Web site is user friendly for anyone in search of existing Canadian patents or copyrights, as well as for those interested in submitting an application for either. Offering extensive how-to information on the application and product development processes, the site will interest those conducting business or research on intellectual property in Canada. Patents, copyrights, and trademarks are all searchable via the main page through either single or multiple terms, however specific or imprecise. For example, users can search for patents via a known patent number or by product type, manufacturer name, or year. Searches can also be conducted on authors, agents, and country of origin. Additionally, all databases can be searched simultaneously and with multiple terms and/or delimiters. As a primary resource, the site also links to other agencies and associations (Canadian and international) that support intellectual property rights and trade.

313

Informal, Incidental and Ad Hoc: The Information-Seeking and Learning Strategies of Health Care Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When people are ill, they want to know what is happening to them and how they can get better. Current health policies support patients' access to health information and encourage them to take part in decisions regarding their health. But little is known about how patients learn and the difficulties they may encounter in the process. This paper…

Papen, Uta

2012-01-01

314

Once and for all-How people change strategy to ignore irrelevant information in visual tasks.  

PubMed

Ignoring irrelevant visual information aids efficient interaction with task environments. We studied how people, after practice, start to ignore the irrelevant aspects of stimuli. For this we focused on how information reduction transfers to rarely practised and novel stimuli. In Experiment 1, we compared competing mathematical models on how people cease to fixate on irrelevant parts of stimuli. Information reduction occurred at the same rate for frequent, infrequent, and novel stimuli. Once acquired with some stimuli, it was applied to all. In Experiment 2, simplification of task processing also occurred in a once-for-all manner when spatial regularities were ruled out so that people could not rely on learning which screen position is irrelevant. Apparently, changes in eye movements were an effect of a once-for-all strategy change rather than a cause of it. Overall, the results suggest that participants incidentally acquired knowledge about regularities in the task material and then decided to voluntarily apply it for efficient task processing. Such decisions should be incorporated into accounts of information reduction and other theories of strategy change in skill acquisition. PMID:25203902

Gaschler, Robert; Marewski, Julian N; Frensch, Peter A

2015-03-01

315

A strategy that iteratively retains informative variables for selecting optimal variable subset in multivariate calibration.  

PubMed

Nowadays, with a high dimensionality of dataset, it faces a great challenge in the creation of effective methods which can select an optimal variables subset. In this study, a strategy that considers the possible interaction effect among variables through random combinations was proposed, called iteratively retaining informative variables (IRIV). Moreover, the variables are classified into four categories as strongly informative, weakly informative, uninformative and interfering variables. On this basis, IRIV retains both the strongly and weakly informative variables in every iterative round until no uninformative and interfering variables exist. Three datasets were employed to investigate the performance of IRIV coupled with partial least squares (PLS). The results show that IRIV is a good alternative for variable selection strategy when compared with three outstanding and frequently used variable selection methods such as genetic algorithm-PLS, Monte Carlo uninformative variable elimination by PLS (MC-UVE-PLS) and competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS). The MATLAB source code of IRIV can be freely downloaded for academy research at the website: http://code.google.com/p/multivariate-calibration/downloads/list. PMID:24356218

Yun, Yong-Huan; Wang, Wei-Ting; Tan, Min-Li; Liang, Yi-Zeng; Li, Hong-Dong; Cao, Dong-Sheng; Lu, Hong-Mei; Xu, Qing-Song

2014-01-01

316

Dialogue on Dissemination Background - Implementation Science  

Cancer.gov

The Dialogue on Dissemination meetings are part of a larger effort to clarify the various concepts used to describe the translation of research into practice and develop models for effective dissemination. As part of its ongoing commitment to closing the gap between research discovery and program delivery, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) sponsored a series of four Dialogue on Dissemination events convening experts in the fields of public health, clinical practice, and dissemination.

317

Exceptional Children Conference Papers: Communication, Production, and Dissemination of Instructional Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers from the Special Conference on Instructional Technology (San Antonio, Texas, December 1-4, 1970) discuss communication, production, and dissemination of instructional technology. The papers focus on such areas as the dissemination process for instructional media, by Raymond Wymna; and application of a total information packaging system…

Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.

318

Familiarization and Dissemination of Selected Vocational-Technical Curriculum and Resource Materials. A Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because the insular nature of the State of Hawaii limits easy access to materials available nationally and even curtails dissemination of locally developed curricular materials, the materials familiarization and dissemination portion of an educational development project was designed to provide educators throughout Hawaii with an information

Boggs, Minnie, Ed.; Luckner, Barbara, Ed.

319

The NSF Implementation and Dissemination Centers: An Analytic Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the first generation of the National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded Implementation and Dissemination Centers. It portrays the experiences of and captures the lessons learned in such a way that it informs the design of future centers. Ideas drawn from the discussions that took place at a conference held in Annapolis, Maryland…

St. John, Mark; Heenan, Barbara; Houghton, Nina; Tambe, Pam

320

Integrating Library Services and Continuing Education. A Selective Dissemination Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Selective Dissemination Project at a regional medical education center followed a two-and-a-half day continuing education program with related bibliographies at one- and three-month intervals, as well as information on finding the articles in the local library. Evaluations of the service by participating physicians and librarians showed that…

Adelson, Richard; And Others

1984-01-01

321

Disseminating Improved Practices: Are Volunteer Farmer Trainers Effective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper assesses the effectiveness of volunteer farmer trainers in promoting adoption of agricultural technologies in western Kenya. Specifically, the purpose was to assess the type of information they disseminated, farmer trainers' characteristics desirable to farmer trainees, and how trainees evaluate farmer trainers.…

Lukuyu, B.; Place, F.; Franzel, S.; Kiptot, E.

2012-01-01

322

2+2+2 Dissemination Project Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided in this three-part final report of a project designed to disseminate information to assist California high schools, Regional Occupation Programs, and colleges in developing and strengthening 2+2+2 programs. Part I reviews the following project objectives: (1) hire a project coordinator and technical assistant; (2) develop a…

Sloane, Diana; And Others

323

Using the Eyes of Television: A Sourcebook for Disseminators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet presents guidelines for educators in the use of television to disseminate information about their schools or programs. It was designed as a supplement to the "use of television for vocational education teachers and administrators" presentation. Suggestions are offered about the right to use television, approaching the station manager,…

Sims, E. Norman

324

A Mobile Technology Framework for the Dissemination of Cultural Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current research proposes a mobile technology framework in cultural heritage setting for the dissemination of cultural memory among its visitors. The framework studies the complex concept of human memory and attempts to adopt the human information perception, as a learning process, on a mobile framework that will allow their users to interact…

Kammas, Stavros

2009-01-01

325

Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

Rivera, William M.

2006-01-01

326

Dialogic Strategies in Read-Alouds of English-Language Information Books in a Second-Grade Bilingual Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows how various dialogic discourse strategies were used in read-alouds of English science information books in a 2nd-grade bilingual classroom. Using a variety of discursive strategies, Ibett encouraged her Spanish-speaking students to provide explanations and reasoning related to science ideas. Similarly, she used intertextual…

Pappas, Christine C.; Varelas, Maria; Patton, Sofia Kokkino; Ye, Li; Ortiz, Ibett

2012-01-01

327

Employees' Choices in Learning How to Use Information and Communication Technology Systems at Work: Strategies and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to promote the understanding of how employees learn to use information and communication technology (ICT) systems at work. The elements of a learning activity in the context of ICT use are identified from the literature. In particular, approaches to learning, learning strategies and problem-solving strategies are…

Korpelainen, Eija; Kira, Mari

2010-01-01

328

Effective and Ineffective Coping with Bullying Strategies as Assessed by Informed Professionals and Their Use by Victimised Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What strategies do students use to cope with bullying and how effective are they? Answers to such questions will not only help students understand how they can cope, but also inform school-wide policies and practices to reduce the incidence of bullying. To do this, schools need evidence on what strategies to focus on to most effectively target…

Murray-Harvey, Rosalind; Skrzypiec, Grace; Slee, Phillip T.

2012-01-01

329

Electronic strategies for information and research: cyberNephrology/cyberMedicine in the emerging world.  

PubMed

Communication and medicine have evolved together. Internet resources now provide an unprecedented opportunity to provide health assistance to the developing world. The International Society of Nephrology Informatics Commission and National Kidney Foundation cyberNephrology initiative (http://www.cybernephrology.org) have created e-mail discussion groups (e.g., NEPHROL, NEPHKIDS, and so forth) and online texts and web resources (e.g., the Schrier Atlas: http://www.kidneyatlas.org) that are, in many respects, ahead of other areas of medicine. On the other hand, nephrology is quite behind in its embrace of some specific communications initiatives that could benefit emerging nations: the Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative program, which provides free full-text access to medical journals and books in poorer countries; the Global Health Network Supercourse, which provides specially designed online lectures for the developing world; and Internet2/Abilene and similar research networks around the world, which provide reliable, guaranteed bandwidth for high-quality Internet videoconferencing as an alternative to face-to-face lectures and meetings. The intent of many educational ventures in nephrology, particularly in the clinical practice guideline realm (National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative, Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes, and so forth), is not just to disseminate information but to change human behavior: physician practice and referral patterns, patient compliance, and so forth. Concepts from the worlds of marketing and entertainment, where the science of changing human behavior is highly evolved, can be used to create high-impact, educational offerings to promote health. They can also be highly beneficial to share Internet educational innovations and future vision across boundaries of medical specialties, which is part of the intent of the cyberMedicine joint venture (http://www.cyber-medicine.org). PMID:16108980

Solez, Kim; Hales, Michele; Katz, Sheila Moriber

2005-09-01

330

From innovation to standard practice: Developing and disseminating behavioral procedures  

PubMed Central

This paper proposes a three-stage continuum for discussing the development and dissemination of behavioral technology. At the level of behavioral techniques, researchers need only establish a functional relationship between technologically defined intervention procedures and socially significant target behaviors. Dissemination is conducted for informational purposes only, and the purposes and details surrounding subsequent use of the technique are left to the discretion of the user. At the level of behavioral demonstration, a collection of socially acceptable intervention procedures is refined and standardized and must be shown to produce behavior changes across a number of subjects. Here dissemination is conducted, in large part, to generate support for provision of services. At the level of behavioral models, procedural descriptions must be useroriented. Additionally, model effects must be obtainable by agents not associated with their development and must compare favorably with other treatment or service alternatives. The purpose of dissemination at this level is to obtain adoptions and replications of the model. Details of development and dissemination of behavioral technology at each of these three levels are discussed. PMID:22478555

Paine, Stan C.; Bellamy, G. Thomas

1982-01-01

331

Disseminated spinal myxopapillary ependymoma in an adult at initial presentation: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Disseminated spinal myxopapillary ependymoma (MPE) is extremely rare in adults. We report a 63-year-old man with chronic low-back pain found to have multiple MPEs in the thoracic, lumbar and sacral spine. Diagnostic and management strategies of disseminated MPE are discussed with a review of pertinent literature. PMID:24460084

Straus, David; Tan, Lee A; Takagi, Ippei; O'Toole, John E

2014-10-01

332

System Design for Information Dissemination in VANETs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the architectural design of a communication technology the assignment of responsibilities to its diffe rent modules or layers is a key issue. The modularization and assignment of functions to modules has a strong impact on the system performance. In this paper, we address data for- warding as a key responsibility of a VANET's (Vehicular Ad hoc NETwork) communication device.

Marc Torrent-Moreno; Andreas Festag; Hannes Hartenstein

333

Probabilistic methods for distributed information dissemination  

E-print Network

The ever-increasing growth of modern networks comes with a paradigm shift in network operation. Networks can no longer be abstracted as deterministic, centrally controlled systems with static topologies but need to be ...

Haeupler, Bernhard

2013-01-01

334

Federal Information Dissemination Policies and Practices: Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. One Hundred First Congress, First Session, April 18, May 23, and July 11, 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three hearings were held in order to conduct a comprehensive review of the issues, problems, and activities affecting the public availability of government information. It is noted that new information technologies, particularly electronic formats and telecommunications, are forcing the reconsideration of the flow of information from the Federal…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

335

A Security Framework for Nationwide Health Information Exchange based on Telehealth Strategy.  

PubMed

This study focuses on the situation of health information exchange (HIE) in the context of a nationwide network. It aims to create a security framework that can be implemented to ensure the safe transmission of health information across the boundaries of care providers in Malaysia and other countries. First, a critique of the major elements of nationwide health information networks is presented from the perspective of security, along with such topics as the importance of HIE, issues, and main approaches. Second, a systematic evaluation is conducted on the security solutions that can be utilized in the proposed nationwide network. Finally, a secure framework for health information transmission is proposed within a central cloud-based model, which is compatible with the Malaysian telehealth strategy. The outcome of this analysis indicates that a complete security framework for a global structure of HIE is yet to be defined and implemented. Our proposed framework represents such an endeavor and suggests specific techniques to achieve this goal. PMID:25732083

Zaidan, B B; Haiqi, Ahmed; Zaidan, A A; Abdulnabi, Mohamed; Kiah, M L Mat; Muzamel, Hussaen

2015-05-01

336

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2011-01-01

337

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2010-01-01

338

Improved Drought Management Strategies for the Triangle Area Utilizing Climate-Information based Probabilistic Streamflow Forecasts (NC Water Resources Research  

E-print Network

Improved Drought Management Strategies for the Triangle Area Utilizing Climate- Information based: Sankarasubramanian Arumugam PROJECT SUMMARY A prognostic approach to improve drought management in the Triangle Area is proposed here that integrates climate information based seasonal streamflow forecasts with the drought

Arumugam, Sankar

339

Research Paper: A Cognitive Task Analysis of Information Management Strategies in a Computerized Provider Order Entry Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveComputerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) with electronic documentation, and computerized decision support dramatically changes the information environment of the practicing clinician. Prior work patterns based on paper, verbal exchange, and manual methods are replaced with automated, computerized, and potentially less flexible systems. The objective of this study is to explore the information management strategies that clinicians use in the process

Charlene R. Weir; Jonathan J. R. Nebeker; Bret L. Hicken; Rebecca Campo; Frank Drews; Beth LeBar

2007-01-01

340

Perforating disseminated necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum.  

PubMed

Perforating necrobiosis lipoidica is a very rare clinical variant which consists of degeneration and transepidermal elimination of the collagen with few cases reported in the literature. In two-thirds of the patients it associates with diabetes, with no relation with the glucose control. We present a 42-year-old female patient with a 7-year history of diabetes on insulin therapy, referred to our clinic with a 3-year history of multiple asymptomatic firm plaques disseminated on the upper and lower extremities. The clinical and histological findings proved the diagnosis of perforating necrobiosis lipoidica. PMID:23533835

Lozanova, Paula; Dourmishev, Lyubomir; Vassileva, Snejina; Miteva, Ljubka; Balabanova, Maria

2013-01-01

341

Perforating Disseminated Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum  

PubMed Central

Perforating necrobiosis lipoidica is a very rare clinical variant which consists of degeneration and transepidermal elimination of the collagen with few cases reported in the literature. In two-thirds of the patients it associates with diabetes, with no relation with the glucose control. We present a 42-year-old female patient with a 7-year history of diabetes on insulin therapy, referred to our clinic with a 3-year history of multiple asymptomatic firm plaques disseminated on the upper and lower extremities. The clinical and histological findings proved the diagnosis of perforating necrobiosis lipoidica. PMID:23533835

Dourmishev, Lyubomir; Vassileva, Snejina; Miteva, Ljubka; Balabanova, Maria

2013-01-01

342

[Two cases of disseminated toxoplasmosis].  

PubMed

Two cases of disseminated fatal toxoplasmosis of a pet mouse and a red panda are described. The pet mouse had a private owner; the red panda lived in a zoological garden in Saxony. At necropsy, both animals suffered from a systemic toxoplasmosis. A severe necrotizing hepatitis was the main histological feature in both animals. Parasitic cysts could be abundantly found in the liver, moderately in the brain and in a low number in other organs. With the PAS-reaction, cysts showed a weak staining in the mouse and a strong staining in the red panda. Diagnosis was confirmed by PCR and immunohistochemistry. PMID:22331331

Stief, B; Kiesow, C; Ellenberger, C

2012-01-01

343

77 FR 11120 - Scientific Information Request on Treatment Strategies for Patients With Peripheral Artery...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...on Treatment Strategies for Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease...of Treatment Strategies for Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease...are automatically deleted for security reasons). Print submissions...for treatment strategies for patients with peripheral artery...

2012-02-24

344

77 FR 32959 - Request for Information on Strategies for Improving Outcomes for Disconnected Youth  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...comprehensive reengagement strategies that encourage additional...challenges, substance abuse, and learning disabilities. Addressing...about effective models and strategies that support positive outcomes...direct their resources to strategies that work and to measure...

2012-06-04

345

The strategies, experiences and future challenges of the information component in the Indonesian Family Planning Programme.  

PubMed

In 1957, the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Federation was established. In 1970, the National Family Planning Board (BKKBN) was created. The current contraceptive prevalence rate is 45-50%. The family planning program began with a health-oriented approach. To promote acceptance, religious leaders were asked to provide legitimacy to the program. Through their efforts, it became possible to include all the means and medication used for family planning services within the program. In developing an IEC strategy to encourage couples to accept family planning, 3 main factors were studied: 1) the types of innovations that were to be introduced, 2) the characteristics of the Indonesian community, and 3) the need for an IEC strategy to convey the programs messages the community and make the community itself the agent of the innovation being introduced. The elements of the strategy were introduced stage by stage to avoid unnecessary debate. Another strategic step was the introduction of family planning using a community approach. A 3rd strategic step was a shift from couples as family planning acceptors to the introduction of the norm of a small, happy, and prosperous family. The 1st stage, expansion of program coverage, 1) promoted the need for and desirability of family planning to make the small and happy family the norm and 2) supplied contraceptives and information about contraceptives throughout Indonesia. The 2nd stage, the program maintenance approach, included 1) an increase in the frequency of visits to villages by mobile family planning teams, 2) the integration of family planning activities with other health-related activities, and 3) giving people a wider choice of methods and helping them to choose the most suitable method for them. The 3rd stage made family planning a community activity, integrated within the economic and social fabric of community life. The general strategy of the IEC program is to make the various target groups full family planning participants, who will in turn, help to draw nonacceptors into the program. Social marketing is being used to 1) reach those as yet uninformed about family planning, 2) promote the quality of various information and motivation activities so that they will become behaviorally oriented, and 3) provide an opportunity for the private sector to participate in the program professionally. PMID:12342240

Suyono, H

1988-12-01

346

Disseminating evidence-based practices for adults with PTSD and severe mental illness in public-sector mental health agencies.  

PubMed

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains largely untreated among adults with severe mental illnesses (SMI). The treatment of psychotic symptoms usually takes precedence in the care of adults with SMI. Such oversight is problematic in that PTSD in SMI populations is common (19%-43%), contributes a significant illness burden, and hinders mental health care. Yet few public-sector mental health agencies routinely provide specialized services for PTSD. The purpose of the article is to describe strategies and efforts to disseminate trauma-focused empirically based practices in a public-sector mental health system. Identified challenges include limited resources and commitment; knowledge deficits, attitudes, and biases; and limited practice accountability at provider, facility, and system levels. Proposed strategies for overcoming these challenges are to set clear goals, nurture broad-based organizational commitment and key stakeholder involvement, implement specialty training efforts to provide information and change attitudes, provide ongoing supervision, conduct fidelity monitoring, and ensure accountability to the extent possible. PMID:18723837

Frueh, B Christopher; Grubaugh, Anouk L; Cusack, Karen J; Elhai, Jon D

2009-01-01

347

Small Bowel Dissemination of Coccidioidomycosis  

PubMed Central

Gastrointestinal coccidioidomycosis is extremely rare, with less than 10 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of small bowel dissemination of coccidioidomycosis in a 21-year-old African American male with a history of living in San Joaquin Valley. The patient presented with one week of abdominal pain, nausea, shortness of breath, intermittent fever, and sweat, and one month of abdominal distention. A chest radiograph revealed complete effusion of left lung. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed diffuse small bowel thickening and enhancement, as well as omental and peritoneal nodules, and ascites. The coccidioidal complement fixation titer was 1?:?256. The duodenal biopsy revealed many spherules filled with round fungal endospores. Later, blood fungal culture showed positivity for Coccidioides immitis. The final diagnosis is disseminated coccidioidomycosis involving lungs, blood, and duodenum. Despite aggressive antifungal therapy, the patient's clinical situation deteriorated and he succumbed to multisystem organ failure one and half months later. A high index of suspicion for gastrointestinal coccidioidomycosis should be maintained in patients from an endemic area presenting as abdominal distention and pain. PMID:25685582

Zhou, Shengmei; Ma, Yanling; Chandrasoma, Parakrama

2015-01-01

348

Small bowel dissemination of coccidioidomycosis.  

PubMed

Gastrointestinal coccidioidomycosis is extremely rare, with less than 10 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of small bowel dissemination of coccidioidomycosis in a 21-year-old African American male with a history of living in San Joaquin Valley. The patient presented with one week of abdominal pain, nausea, shortness of breath, intermittent fever, and sweat, and one month of abdominal distention. A chest radiograph revealed complete effusion of left lung. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed diffuse small bowel thickening and enhancement, as well as omental and peritoneal nodules, and ascites. The coccidioidal complement fixation titer was 1?:?256. The duodenal biopsy revealed many spherules filled with round fungal endospores. Later, blood fungal culture showed positivity for Coccidioides immitis. The final diagnosis is disseminated coccidioidomycosis involving lungs, blood, and duodenum. Despite aggressive antifungal therapy, the patient's clinical situation deteriorated and he succumbed to multisystem organ failure one and half months later. A high index of suspicion for gastrointestinal coccidioidomycosis should be maintained in patients from an endemic area presenting as abdominal distention and pain. PMID:25685582

Zhou, Shengmei; Ma, Yanling; Chandrasoma, Parakrama

2015-01-01

349

Does the mind map learning strategy facilitate information retrieval and critical thinking in medical students?  

PubMed Central

Background A learning strategy underutilized in medical education is mind mapping. Mind maps are multi-sensory tools that may help medical students organize, integrate, and retain information. Recent work suggests that using mind mapping as a note-taking strategy facilitates critical thinking. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and critical thinking, as measured by the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT), and whether a relationship existed between mind mapping and recall of domain-based information. Methods In this quasi-experimental study, 131 first-year medical students were randomly assigned to a standard note-taking (SNT) group or mind map (MM) group during orientation. Subjects were given a demographic survey and pre-HSRT. They were then given an unfamiliar text passage, a pre-quiz based upon the passage, and a 30-minute break, during which time subjects in the MM group were given a presentation on mind mapping. After the break, subjects were given the same passage and wrote notes based on their group (SNT or MM) assignment. A post-quiz based upon the passage was administered, followed by a post-HSRT. Differences in mean pre- and post-quiz scores between groups were analyzed using independent samples t-tests, whereas differences in mean pre- and post-HSRT total scores and subscores between groups were analyzed using ANOVA. Mind map depth was assessed using the Mind Map Assessment Rubric (MMAR). Results There were no significant differences in mean scores on both the pre- and post-quizzes between note-taking groups. And, no significant differences were found between pre- and post-HSRT mean total scores and subscores. Conclusions Although mind mapping was not found to increase short-term recall of domain-based information or critical thinking compared to SNT, a brief introduction to mind mapping allowed novice MM subjects to perform similarly to SNT subjects. This demonstrates that medical students using mind maps can successfully retrieve information in the short term, and does not put them at a disadvantage compared to SNT students. Future studies should explore longitudinal effects of mind-map proficiency training on both short- and long-term information retrieval and critical thinking. PMID:20846442

2010-01-01

350

Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options  

PubMed Central

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

2012-01-01

351

Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options.  

PubMed

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

2012-04-01

352

Reframing the Dissemination Challenge: A Marketing and Distribution Perspective  

PubMed Central

A fundamental obstacle to successful dissemination and implementation of evidence-based public health programs is the near-total absence of systems and infrastructure for marketing and distribution. We describe the functions of a marketing and distribution system, and we explain how it would help move effective public health programs from research to practice. Then we critically evaluate the 4 dominant strategies now used to promote dissemination and implementation, and we explain how each would be enhanced by marketing and distribution systems. Finally, we make 6 recommendations for building the needed system infrastructure and discuss the responsibility within the public health community for implementation of these recommendations. Without serious investment in such infrastructure, application of proven solutions in public health practice will continue to occur slowly and rarely. PMID:19833993

Bernhardt, Jay M.

2009-01-01

353

Cognitive Strategy Use and Measured Numeric Ability in Immediate- and Long-Term Recall of Everyday Numeric Information  

PubMed Central

The goals of this study were to assess the primary effects of the use of cognitive strategy and a combined measure of numeric ability on recall of every-day numeric information (i.e. prices). Additionally, numeric ability was assessed as a moderator in the relationship between strategy use and memory for prices. One hundred participants memorized twelve prices that varied from 1 to 6 digits; they recalled these immediately and after 7 days. The use of strategies, assessed through self-report, was associated with better overall recall, but not forgetting. Numeric ability was not associated with either better overall recall or forgetting. A small moderating interaction was found, in which higher levels of numeric ability enhanced the beneficial effects of strategy use on overall recall. Exploratory analyses found two further small moderating interactions: simple strategy use enhanced overall recall at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to complex strategy use; and complex strategy use was associated with lower levels of forgetting, but only at higher levels of numeric ability, compared to the simple strategy use. These results provide support for an objective measure of numeric ability, as well as adding to the literature on memory and the benefits of cognitive strategy use. PMID:23483964

Bermingham, Douglas; Hill, Robert D.; Woltz, Dan; Gardner, Michael K.

2013-01-01

354

An integrated climate service strategy for African drought monitoring and prediction: linking information to action  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For 23 years, the US Agency for International Development's Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) has applied climate data analysis in support of timely food insecurity mitigation and adaptation in Africa. FEWS NET, therefore, provides a compelling example of a sector-specific climate service. We briefly review the phases, successes and shortcomings of the FEWS NET climate service, describe an improved long term climate service strategy, and present new research supporting an improved, integrated drought monitoring approach. Our new monitoring system emphasizes seamless links between historical precipitation archives, near real-time rainfall estimates, and 1-to-4 month statistical predictions. Assessment of forecast skill shows useful levels of accuracy for many regions during key periods of the growing season. Integrating these forecasts with near real time blended satellite-gauge precipitation observations facilitates early identification of mid-season agricultural drought. Integrated historical climate archives (1979-present) permit analysis of observed and forecast climate conditions in terms of historical probabilities and analogs. Tools specific to staple crops and pastoralist settings are then used to assess the likely impacts of hydrometeorological anomalies. These are geographically integrated with livelihoods information and interpreted in terms of current food security conditions and timelines to determine human consequences. A client-server web-mapping data portal will allow users to dynamically access the climate anomaly information, and visualize the results in conjunction with livelihood information.

Funk, C.; Verdin, J. P.; Rowland, J.; Budde, M.

2008-12-01

355

Perceptual response and information pick-up strategies within a family of sports.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine whether and how the perceptual response of athletes differed depending on their sporting expertise. This was achieved by comparing the responses of tennis and soft tennis players. Twelve experienced tennis players and 12 experienced soft tennis players viewed computer graphic serve motions simulated by a motion perturbation technique, and then scaled their anticipatory judgments regarding the direction, speed, and spin of the ball on a visual analogue scale. Experiment 1 evaluated the player's judgments in response to test motions rendered with a complete polygon model. The results revealed significantly different anticipatory judgments between the player groups when an elbow rotation perturbation was applied to the test serve motion. Experiment 2 used spatially occluded models in order to investigate the effectiveness of local information in making anticipatory judgments. The results suggested that the isolation of visual information had less effect on the judgment of the tennis players than on that of the soft tennis players. In conclusion, the domain of sporting expertise, including those of closely related sports, cannot only differentiate the anticipatory judgment of a ball's future flight path, but also affect the utilization strategy for the local kinematic information. PMID:23273424

Ida, Hirofumi; Fukuhara, Kazunobu; Ishii, Motonobu; Inoue, Tetsuri

2013-02-01

356

Investigation of High School Students’ Online Science Information Searching Performance: The Role of Implicit and Explicit Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to a growing trend of exploring scientific knowledge on the Web, a number of studies have been conducted to highlight\\u000a examination of students’ online searching strategies. The investigation of online searching generally employs methods including\\u000a a survey, interview, screen-capturing, or transactional logs. The present study firstly intended to utilize a survey, the\\u000a Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), to

Meng-Jung Tsai; Chung-Yuan Hsu; Chin-Chung Tsai

2011-01-01

357

Curriculum Dissemination as Planned Cultural Diffusion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author traces the change from the use of the term "diffusion" to the term "dissemination" with reference to curriculum projects in Britain and discusses implications of the change. Although at one time the two terms were used interchangeably, the term "dissemination" now emphasizes techniques of effective management rather than the educational…

Rudduck, Jean

358

[Disseminated lymphangiomatosis: A rare cause of anemia].  

PubMed

Disseminated lymphangiomatosis is a congenital lymphovenous vascular malformation. It can occur in different regions, some of which are unusual. The treatment of this vascular malformation is based on surgical excision, sclerotherapy, or recombinant interferon therapy. We report the case of disseminated lymphangiomatosis in a 13-year-old girl who presented with anemia. PMID:25725973

Ben Abdallah Chabchoub, R; Kamoun, F; Hidouri, S; Nouri, A; Hachicha, M; Mahfoudh, A

2015-04-01

359

Name-Your-Own-Price seller's information revelation strategy with the presence of list-price channel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the Name-Your-Own-Price (NYOP) retailer’s information revelation strategy when competing with list-price\\u000a channel. We propose an integrated economic framework focusing on the comparison of expected consumer surplus from bidding at NYOP auction and guaranteed consumer surplus from buying at a list price. We then conduct an empirical study to examine the effects of seller-supplied\\u000a price information on NYOP

Tuo Wang; Michael Y. Hu; Andy Wei Hao

2010-01-01

360

Strategies Which Foster Broad Use and Deployment of Earth and Space Science Informal and Formal Education Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Education projects supported by federal agencies and carried out by a wide range of organizations foster learning about Earth and Space systems science in a wide array of venues. Across these agencies a range of strategies are employed to ensure that effective materials are created for these diverse venues. And that these materials are deployed broadly so that a large spectrum of the American Public, both adults and children alike, can learn and become excited by the Earth and space system science. This session will highlight some of those strategies and will cover representative examples to illustrate the effectiveness of the strategies. Invited speakers from selected formal and informal educational efforts will anchor this session. Speakers with representative examples are encouraged to submit abstracts for the session to showcase the strategies which they use.

Meeson, Blanche W.; Gabrys, Robert; Ireton, M. Frank; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

361

Supporting information for Evolution of suicide as a defense strategy against pathogens in a spatially structured environment  

E-print Network

Supporting information for Evolution of suicide as a defense strategy against pathogens ( ), the evolution of altruistic suicide is given by: (A2) This equation shows that, in a well-mixed environment, altruistic suicide is never selected for. At best, when there is no cost of altruistic suicide, the evolution

362

Evaluating a Learning Collaborative to Implement Evidence-Informed Engagement Strategies in Community-Based Services for Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Given dismal attendance rates in community-based care for children and families, it is critical that evidence-informed attendance engagement strategies be implemented within community service systems. There is growing research on effective methods for training in evidence-based practices (EBPs), and one method that shows promise is the…

Haine-Schlagel, Rachel; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Janis, Beth; Gordon, Jeanne

2013-01-01

363

Creating Renaissance Employees in an Era of Convergence between Information Technology and Business Strategy: A Proposal for Business Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The electronic commerce environment requires cross-functional managers who understand both information technology (IT) and business strategy. Disciplinary boundaries restrict the flexibility of business schools to provide cross-functional education and training. Schools must integrate IT with other disciplines. (SK)

Celsi, Richard; Wolfinbarger, Mary

2001-01-01

364

Markov models for evaluating risk-informed in-service inspection strategies for nuclear power plant piping systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of an EPRI sponsored research project to develop technology for risk informed in-service inspection evaluations, new methods and databases were developed to predict piping system reliability. The methods include a Markov modeling technique for predicting the influence of alternative inspection strategies on piping system reliability, and Bayes' uncertainty analysis methods for quantifying uncertainties in piping system reliability parameters.

Karl N. Fleming

2004-01-01

365

Information Management Strategies Within Conversations About Cigarette Smoking: Parenting Correlates and Longitudinal Associations With Teen Smoking  

PubMed Central

The present study examined smoking-specific and general parenting predictors of in vivo observed patterns of parent–adolescent discussion concerning adolescents’ cigarette smoking experiences and associations between these observed patterns and 24-month longitudinal trajectories of teen cigarette smoking behavior (nonsmokers, current experimenters, escalators). Parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent information management were coded from direct observations of 528 video-recorded parent–adolescent discussions about cigarette smoking with 344 teens (M age = 15.62 years) with a history of smoking experimentation (321 interactions with mothers, 207 interactions with fathers). Adolescent initiation of discussions concerning their own smoking behavior (21% of interactions) was predicted by lower levels of maternal observed disapproval of cigarette smoking and fewer teen-reported communication problems with mothers. Maternal initiation in discussions (35% of interactions) was associated with higher levels of family rules about illicit substance use. Three categories of adolescent information management (full disclosure, active secrecy, incomplete strategies) were coded by matching adolescents’ confidential self-reported smoking status with their observed spontaneous disclosures and responses to parental solicitations. Fully disclosing teens reported higher quality communication with their mothers (more open, less problematic). Teens engaged in active secrecy with their mothers when families had high levels of parental rules about illicit substance use and when mothers expressed lower levels of expectancies that their teen would smoke in the future. Adolescents were more likely to escalate their smoking over 2 years if their parents initiated the discussion of adolescent smoking behavior (solicited) and if adolescents engaged in active secrecy. PMID:23148939

Metzger, Aaron; Wakschlag, Lauren S.; Anderson, Ryan; Darfler, Anne; Price, Juliette; Flores, Zujeil; Mermelstein, Robin

2013-01-01

366

Converting hard copy documents for electronic dissemination  

SciTech Connect

Since the advent of computer systems, the goal of a paperless office, and even a paperless society, has been pursued. While the normal paper flow in an organization is far from totally automated, particularly for items requiring signatures or authorizations, electronic information dissemination is becoming an almost simple task. The reasons for providing on-line documents are many and include faster and easier access for everyone, elimination of printing costs, reduction of wasted shelf and desk space, and the security of having a centrally-located, always up-to-date document. New computer software even provides the user with the ability to annotate documents and to have bookmarks so that the old scribbled-in and dog-eared manual can be replaced without loosing this `customizability`. Moreover, new hypermedia capabilities mean that documents can be read in a non-linear fashion and can include color figures and photographs, audio, and even animation sequences, capabilities which exceed those of paper. The proliferation of network-based information servers, coupled with the growth of the Internet, has enticed academic, governmental, and even commercial organizations to provide increasing numbers of documents and data bases in electronic form via the network, not just to internal staff, but to the public as well. Much of this information, which includes everything from mundane company procedures to spiffy marketing brochures, was previously published only in hard copy. Converting existing documents to electronic form and producing only electronic versions of new documents poses some interesting challenges to the maintainer or author.

Hoffman, F.

1994-12-31

367

Philanthropy and School Reform: The Rockefeller Foundation's Role in Disseminating and Evaluating Comer's School Development Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the Rockefeller Foundation's partnership with the Comer School Development Program (SDP), a dissemination effort aimed at sharing the SDP message and implementation strategies. Foundation support began in 1990 for what was perceived as the most promising and proven schoolwide improvement method for low-income communities. To…

Bass, Marian E.; Ucelli, Marla

368

Dissemination & Implementation Grants (R01, R03, R21) - Implementation Science  

Cancer.gov

Grant applications that identify, develop and refine effective and efficient methods, structures and strategies that test various models. The objective is to disseminate and implement research-tested health behavior change interventions and evidence-based prevention, early detection, diagnostic, treatment and quality of life improvement services in public health and clinical practice settings. View the original notice to the extramural community.

369

The Tacking Knowledge Strategy Claudio Ciborra, Konrad Lorenz and the Ecology of Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work focuses on an issue that Lorenz identifies as fundamental among human cognitive strategies: what we could call the tacking knowledge strategy.\\u000a \\u000a Knowledge doesn’t go on straight: like a sailing boat coursing against the wind, it must turn and turn again, frequently changing\\u000a its approaches. This strategy implies that rationality is not, according to Lorenz, the apex and the

F. Ricciardi

370

Engaging by design: How engagement strategies in popular computer and video games can inform instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer and video games are a prevalent form of entertainment in which the purpose of the design is to engage players. Game\\u000a designers incorporate a number of strategies and tactics for engaging players in “gameplay.” These strategies and tactics\\u000a may provide instructional designers with new methods for engaging learners. This investigation presents a review of game design\\u000a strategies and the

Michele D. Dickey; Sid Meier

2005-01-01

371

Learning Processes of Students in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Relations between Goal Orientations, Information Processing Strategies and Development of Conceptual Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n = 719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires.…

Koopman, Maaike; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Teune, Peter

2011-01-01

372

Learning processes of students in competence-based pre-vocational secondary education: relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n=719; 14 schools). Students? preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires. Conceptual knowledge was investigated by having students create concept maps before and after a learning project. Structural

M. Koopman; Brok den P; D. Beijaard; P. Teune

2011-01-01

373

Learning processes of students in pre-vocational secondary education: Relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n=719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires. Conceptual knowledge was investigated by having students create concept maps before and after a learning project. Structural

Maaike Koopman; Perry Den Brok; Douwe Beijaard; Peter Teune

2011-01-01

374

34 CFR 75.192 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... How To Apply for a Grant Development of Curricula Or Instructional Materials...proposes to publish and disseminate curricula or instructional materials...assurance in its application that the curricula or materials will reach...

2012-07-01

375

34 CFR 75.192 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... How To Apply for a Grant Development of Curricula Or Instructional Materials...proposes to publish and disseminate curricula or instructional materials...assurance in its application that the curricula or materials will reach...

2011-07-01

376

34 CFR 75.192 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... How To Apply for a Grant Development of Curricula Or Instructional Materials...proposes to publish and disseminate curricula or instructional materials...assurance in its application that the curricula or materials will reach...

2014-07-01

377

34 CFR 75.192 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... How To Apply for a Grant Development of Curricula Or Instructional Materials...proposes to publish and disseminate curricula or instructional materials...assurance in its application that the curricula or materials will reach...

2010-07-01

378

34 CFR 75.192 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... How To Apply for a Grant Development of Curricula Or Instructional Materials...proposes to publish and disseminate curricula or instructional materials...assurance in its application that the curricula or materials will reach...

2013-07-01

379

32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

2010-07-01

380

32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

2011-07-01

381

32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

2012-07-01

382

32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

2013-07-01

383

32 CFR 552.153 - Dissemination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Prohibited Personnel Practices on the Installation of Fort Jackson, South Carolina § 552.153 Dissemination. (a) Unit commanders and supervisors shall ensure that newly assigned or...

2014-07-01

384

The Implications of the 4 C's of Supply Chain Network Interaction Strategies for Cost Information Visibility and Network Profitability - An Integrative Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The globalization of supply and demand has resulted in increasingly complex supply chain interaction strategies across different\\u000a industries. Since the different interaction strategies are associated with different types of interdependence between partners,\\u000a the impact of these strategies on cost information visibility across a supply chain network merits further investigation.\\u000a The importance of cost information visibility lies in the fact that

Jyotirmoyee Bhattacharjya; David Walters; Charlotte Newton

2010-01-01

385

Dissemination of a highly virulent pathogen: tracking the early events that define infection.  

PubMed

The series of events that occurs immediately after pathogen entrance into the body is largely speculative. Key aspects of these events are pathogen dissemination and pathogen interactions with the immune response as the invader moves into deeper tissues. We sought to define major events that occur early during infection of a highly virulent pathogen. To this end, we tracked early dissemination of Yersinia pestis, a highly pathogenic bacterium that causes bubonic plague in mammals. Specifically, we addressed two fundamental questions: (1) do the bacteria encounter barriers in disseminating to draining lymph nodes (LN), and (2) what mechanism does this nonmotile bacterium use to reach the LN compartment, as the prevailing model predicts trafficking in association with host cells. Infection was followed through microscopy imaging in addition to assessing bacterial population dynamics during dissemination from the skin. We found and characterized an unexpected bottleneck that severely restricts bacterial dissemination to LNs. The bacteria that do not pass through this bottleneck are confined to the skin, where large numbers of neutrophils arrive and efficiently control bacterial proliferation. Notably, bottleneck formation is route dependent, as it is abrogated after subcutaneous inoculation. Using a combination of approaches, including microscopy imaging, we tested the prevailing model of bacterial dissemination from the skin into LNs and found no evidence of involvement of migrating phagocytes in dissemination. Thus, early stages of infection are defined by a bottleneck that restricts bacterial dissemination and by neutrophil-dependent control of bacterial proliferation in the skin. Furthermore, and as opposed to current models, our data indicate an intracellular stage is not required by Y. pestis to disseminate from the skin to draining LNs. Because our findings address events that occur during early encounters of pathogen with the immune response, this work can inform efforts to prevent or control infection. PMID:25611317

Gonzalez, Rodrigo J; Lane, M Chelsea; Wagner, Nikki J; Weening, Eric H; Miller, Virginia L

2015-01-01

386

Dissemination of a Highly Virulent Pathogen: Tracking The Early Events That Define Infection  

PubMed Central

The series of events that occurs immediately after pathogen entrance into the body is largely speculative. Key aspects of these events are pathogen dissemination and pathogen interactions with the immune response as the invader moves into deeper tissues. We sought to define major events that occur early during infection of a highly virulent pathogen. To this end, we tracked early dissemination of Yersinia pestis, a highly pathogenic bacterium that causes bubonic plague in mammals. Specifically, we addressed two fundamental questions: (1) do the bacteria encounter barriers in disseminating to draining lymph nodes (LN), and (2) what mechanism does this nonmotile bacterium use to reach the LN compartment, as the prevailing model predicts trafficking in association with host cells. Infection was followed through microscopy imaging in addition to assessing bacterial population dynamics during dissemination from the skin. We found and characterized an unexpected bottleneck that severely restricts bacterial dissemination to LNs. The bacteria that do not pass through this bottleneck are confined to the skin, where large numbers of neutrophils arrive and efficiently control bacterial proliferation. Notably, bottleneck formation is route dependent, as it is abrogated after subcutaneous inoculation. Using a combination of approaches, including microscopy imaging, we tested the prevailing model of bacterial dissemination from the skin into LNs and found no evidence of involvement of migrating phagocytes in dissemination. Thus, early stages of infection are defined by a bottleneck that restricts bacterial dissemination and by neutrophil-dependent control of bacterial proliferation in the skin. Furthermore, and as opposed to current models, our data indicate an intracellular stage is not required by Y. pestis to disseminate from the skin to draining LNs. Because our findings address events that occur during early encounters of pathogen with the immune response, this work can inform efforts to prevent or control infection. PMID:25611317

Gonzalez, Rodrigo J.; Lane, M. Chelsea; Wagner, Nikki J.; Weening, Eric H.; Miller, Virginia L.

2015-01-01

387

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Forty-eight children with disseminated demyelination of the CNS, 28 with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), seven with multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis (MDEM) and 13 with multiple sclerosis were studied for a mean follow-up period of 5.64 years. The presentation findings of the ADEM\\/MDEM group were compared with those of the multiple sclerosis group. The following findings were more commonly seen in

R. C. Dale; C. de Sousa; W. K. Chong; T. C. S. Cox; B. Harding; B. G. R. Neville

2000-01-01

388

21 CFR 99.103 - Mandatory statements and information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Mandatory statements and information. 99.103 Section 99.103...SERVICES GENERAL DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION ON UNAPPROVED/NEW USES FOR...DRUGS, BIOLOGICS, AND DEVICES Information To Be Disseminated §...

2011-04-01

389

North Slope Science Initiative - a strategy of informed decision-making for Alaska's North Slope  

Microsoft Academic Search

The North Slope of Alaska is well known for its oil fields, which are among the largest in the United States. Efforts are currently underway to develop a science strategy that can be comprehensive across the North Slope, and provide a consistent approach to high caliber science (inventory, monitoring, and research). This strategy is called the North Slope Science Initiative

J. Payne; R. Shuchman; R. Edson

2004-01-01

390

How CEOs use management information systems for strategy implementation in hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Institutional and market changes seem to force hospitals across the Western world to revitalize their corporate strategies towards more cost efficiency on the one hand, and more flexibility towards customer demands on the other hand. Hospitals, however, apparently differ in the extent to which they are able to implement such strategies effectively. This paper explores whether these different levels of

David Naranjo-Gil; Frank Hartmann

2007-01-01

391

Final Product Strategies in Purchasing and Their Impact on the Information Needs of the Organisation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purchasing contributes significantly to an organization and to its business strategy only if its activities and contracts with suppliers are guided by support criteria for the final products that the organization sells. Outlined in this paper are four innovative purchasing strategies: capitation contracts; product life cycle cost contracts;…

Inbar, David

392

How to Implement National Information Sharing Strategy: Detailed Elements of the Evolutionary Management Approach Required  

E-print Network

goals of the Net-Centric Data Sharing Strategy [4]: "...Net-Centric Data Strategy defines a modified in the "many-to-many" exchanges of a net-centric environment." #12;· The Intelligence community has a major accomplishing transactions across enterprises and borders. For example, the US Federal Government has committed

393

CDC's Health Equity Resource Toolkit: disseminating guidance for state practitioners to address obesity disparities.  

PubMed

Obesity has been on the rise in the United States over the past three decades, and is high. In addition to population-wide trends, it is clear that obesity affects some groups more than others and can be associated with age, income, education, gender, race and ethnicity, and geographic region. To reverse the obesity epidemic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) promotes evidence-based and practice-informed strategies to address nutrition and physical activity environments and behaviors. These public health strategies require translation into actionable approaches that can be implemented by state and local entities to address disparities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention used findings from an expert panel meeting to guide the development and dissemination of the Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity Disparities (available at http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/health_equity/toolkit.html). The Toolkit helps public health practitioners take a systematic approach to program planning using a health equity lens. The Toolkit provides a six-step process for planning, implementing, and evaluating strategies to address obesity disparities. Each section contains (a) a basic description of the steps of the process and suggested evidence-informed actions to help address obesity disparities, (b) practical tools for carrying out activities to help reduce obesity disparities, and (c) a "real-world" case study of a successful state-level effort to address obesity with a focus on health equity that is particularly relevant to the content in that section. Hyperlinks to additional resources are included throughout. PMID:24962967

Payne, Gayle Holmes; James, Stephen D; Hawley, Lisa; Corrigan, Bethany; Kramer, Rachel E; Overton, Samantha N; Farris, Rosanne P; Wasilewski, Yvonne

2015-01-01

394

Classifying ecommerce information sharing  

E-print Network

personalized targeting of advertisements and other information. Keywords information collaboration; information to companies and other organizations as they develop marketing, advertising and other information disseminating and organizations interested in marketing to this demographic cannot cluster social networking users for more

Jansen, James

395

Disseminating research findings: what should researchers do? A systematic scoping review of conceptual frameworks  

PubMed Central

Background Addressing deficiencies in the dissemination and transfer of research-based knowledge into routine clinical practice is high on the policy agenda both in the UK and internationally. However, there is lack of clarity between funding agencies as to what represents dissemination. Moreover, the expectations and guidance provided to researchers vary from one agency to another. Against this background, we performed a systematic scoping to identify and describe any conceptual/organising frameworks that could be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activity. Methods We searched twelve electronic databases (including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO), the reference lists of included studies and of individual funding agency websites to identify potential studies for inclusion. To be included, papers had to present an explicit framework or plan either designed for use by researchers or that could be used to guide dissemination activity. Papers which mentioned dissemination (but did not provide any detail) in the context of a wider knowledge translation framework, were excluded. References were screened independently by at least two reviewers; disagreements were resolved by discussion. For each included paper, the source, the date of publication, a description of the main elements of the framework, and whether there was any implicit/explicit reference to theory were extracted. A narrative synthesis was undertaken. Results Thirty-three frameworks met our inclusion criteria, 20 of which were designed to be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activities. Twenty-eight included frameworks were underpinned at least in part by one or more of three different theoretical approaches, namely persuasive communication, diffusion of innovations theory, and social marketing. Conclusions There are currently a number of theoretically-informed frameworks available to researchers that can be used to help guide their dissemination planning and activity. Given the current emphasis on enhancing the uptake of knowledge about the effects of interventions into routine practice, funders could consider encouraging researchers to adopt a theoretically-informed approach to their research dissemination. PMID:21092164

2010-01-01

396

Performance Impacts of Strategy, Information Technology Applications, and Business Process Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

his paper develops a conceptual model to study the role of outsourcing strategies and plant-level information technology (IT) application infrastructure in the outsourcing of production and support business processes, as well as their subsequent impact on overall plant performance. We validate this model empirically using cross-sectional survey data from U.S. manufacturing plants. We find that some IT applications are more

Indranil Bardhan; Sunil Mithas; Shu Lin

2009-01-01

397

Improved mapping strategy to better inform policy on the control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Sierra Leone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) are endemic in Sierra Leone confirmed by national mapping in 2008.\\u000a To better inform planning of preventive chemotherapy strategy, another survey was conducted before mass drug administration\\u000a (MDA) in seven districts according to the mapping results or local knowledge. Fifty-nine chiefdoms and one school in every\\u000a chiefdom were selected. Thirty school children aged 9-14 years

Mary Hodges; Nsa Dada; Anna Wamsley; Jusufu Paye; Emanuel Nyorkor; Mustapha Sonnie; Guy Barnish; Moses Bockarie; Yaobi Zhang

2011-01-01

398

Delay Analysis of Car-to-Car Reliable Data Delivery Strategies Based on Data Mulling with Network Coding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET) aims to enhance vehicle navigation safety by providing an early warning system: any chance of accidents is informed through the wireless communication between vehicles. For the warning system to work, it is crucial that safety messages be reliably delivered to the target vehicles in a timely manner and thus reliable and timely data dissemination service is the key building block of VANET. Data mulling technique combined with three strategies, network codeing, erasure coding and repetition coding, is proposed for the reliable and timely data dissemination service. Particularly, vehicles in the opposite direction on a highway are exploited as data mules, mobile nodes physically delivering data to destinations, to overcome intermittent network connectivity cause by sparse vehicle traffic. Using analytic models, we show that in such a highway data mulling scenario the network coding based strategy outperforms erasure coding and repetition based strategies.

Park, Joon-Sang; Lee, Uichin; Oh, Soon Young; Gerla, Mario; Lun, Desmond Siumen; Ro, Won Woo; Park, Joonseok

399

Evaluation of the Dissemination Program from an Education Research and Development Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of the information dissemination program of the National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST) uses a inclusive approach to gather, analyze, and report information to help decision makers. Results of three questionnaires, reviews and analyses of CRESST products, and Internet records were used to…

Dietel, Ronald James

400

Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial  

PubMed Central

The sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free materials. Half of the ski areas were randomly assigned to a theory-based Enhanced Dissemination Strategy (EDS) with personal contact supporting GSS use. Use of GSS was assessed at immediate and long-term follow-up posttests by on-site observation. Use of GSS declined from the immediate (M=5.72) to the long-term follow-up (M=6.24), F[1,62]=6.95, p=.01, but EDS ski areas (M=6.53) continued to use GSS more than BDS ski areas (M=4.49), F(1,62)=5.75, p=0.02, regardless of observation, F(1,60)=0.05, p=.83. Despite declines over time, a group of ski areas had sustained high program use and active dissemination methods had sustained positive effects on GSS implementation. PMID:22102323

Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

2012-01-01

401

A hazard-independent approach for the standardised multi-channel dissemination of warning messages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tsunami disaster affecting the Indian Ocean region on Christmas 2004 demonstrated very clearly the shortcomings in tsunami detection, public warning processes as well as intergovernmental warning message exchange in the Indian Ocean region. In that regard, early warning systems require that the dissemination of early warning messages has to be executed in way that ensures that the message delivery is timely; the message content is understandable, usable and accurate. To that end, diverse and multiple dissemination channels must be used to increase the chance of the messages reaching all affected persons in a hazard scenario. In addition to this, usage of internationally accepted standards for the warning dissemination such as the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) and Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL) Distribution Element specified by the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) increase the interoperability among different warning systems enabling thus the concept of system-of-systems proposed by GEOSS. The project Distant Early Warning System (DEWS), co-funded by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme, aims at strengthening the early warning capacities by building an innovative generation of interoperable tsunami early warning systems based on the above mentioned concepts following a Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) approach. The project focuses on the downstream part of the hazard information processing where customized, user-tailored warning messages and alerts flow from the warning centre to the responsible authorities and/or the public with their different needs and responsibilities. The information logistics services within DEWS generate tailored EDXL-DE/CAP warning messages for each user that must receive the message according to their preferences, e.g., settings for language, interested areas, dissemination channels, etc.. However, the significant difference in the implementation and capabilities of different dissemination channels such as SMS, email and television, have bearing on the information processing required for delivery and consumption of a DEWS EDXL-DE/CAP message over each dissemination channel. These messages may include additional information in the form of maps, graphs, documents, sensor observations, etc. Therefore, the generated messages are pre-processed by channel adaptors in the information dissemination services converting it into a format that is suitable for end-to-end delivery over the dissemination channels without any semantic distortion. The approach followed by DEWS for disseminating warnings not only relies on traditional communication ways used by the already established early warnings such as the delivery of faxes and phone calls but takes into consideration the use of other broadly used communication channels such as SMS, email, narrowcast and broadcast television, instant messaging, Voice over IP, and radio. It also takes advantage of social media channels like RSS feeds, Facebook, Twitter, etc., enabling a multiplier effect, like in the case of radio and television, and thus allowing to create mash-ups by aggregating other sources of information to the original message. Finally, status information is also important in order to assess and understand whether the process of disseminating the warning to the message consumers has been successfully completed or the process failed at some point of the dissemination chain. To that end, CAP-based messages generated within the information dissemination services provide the semantics for those fields that are of interest within the context of reporting the warning dissemination status in DEWS.

Esbri Palomares, M. A.; Hammitzsch, M.; Lendholt, M.

2012-04-01

402

Pathwise Strategies for Stochastic Differential Games with an Erratum to 'Stochastic Differential Games with Asymmetric Information'  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a new notion of pathwise strategies for stochastic differential games. This allows us to give a correct meaning to some statement asserted in Cardaliaguet and Rainer (Appl. Math. Optim. 59: 1-36, 2009)

Cardaliaguet, P., E-mail: cardaliaguet@ceremade.dauphine.fr [Universite Paris-Dauphine, Ceremade (France); Rainer, C., E-mail: Catherine.Rainer@univ-brest.fr [Universite de Bretagne Occidentale (France)

2013-08-01

403

University Staff Perspectives on Change Management Strategies in Student Information System Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of information technology adoption and use is critical to deriving benefits of information technology. Thus, one of the most challenging issues in information systems research is to understand how people have experienced the adoption process that may lead to insights to why they accept or reject the information technology (Davis,…

Tsang-Kosma, Winnie W.

2010-01-01

404

Observatory of the Information Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Observatory of the Information Society, an extensive Website developed by UNESCO, aims "to raise awareness on the ethical, legal, and societal challenges brought about by new [information and communication] technologies." The site collects and disseminates current information for UNESCO's 186 Member States, focusing on four themes: Privacy and Confidentiality, Content Regulation, Multilingualism, and Access to Public Domain Information. The Privacy and Confidentiality section encompasses issues such as the protection of personal data, cryptography, and digital signatures. The Content Regulation section covers topics including the freedom of expression, violence in cyberspace, and child protection. The Multilingualism section offers resources on linguistic rights, diversity promotion, and language technologies. The Access to Public Domain Information section contains documents related to the public information policies adopted by various nations. The site also includes Action Plans, Strategies and Policies, a section that provides resources on the information infrastructures of international organizations and countries worldwide.

405

A Rare Sequela of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis  

PubMed Central

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a demyelinating disease, typically occurring in children following a febrile infection or a vaccination. Primary and secondary immune responses contribute to inflammation and subsequent demyelination, but the exact pathogenesis is still unknown. Diagnosis of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is strongly suggested by temporal relationship between an infection or an immunization and the onset of neurological symptoms. Biopsy is definitive. In general, the disease is self-limiting and the prognostic outcome is favorable with anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents. Locked-in syndrome describes patients who are awake and conscious but have no means of producing limb, speech, or facial movements. Locked-in syndrome is a rare complication of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. We present a case of incomplete locked-in syndrome occurring in a 34-year-old male secondary to acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Our case is unique, as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis occurred in a 34-year-old which was poorly responsive to immunosuppression resulting in severe disability. PMID:24977089

Kodadhala, Vijay; Kurukumbi, Mohankumar; Jayam-Trouth, Annapurni

2014-01-01

406

Information and Communication Technology: Students' Health Education in 1st- to 6th-Grade South Korea Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The purposes of this study were to (1) identify school nurses' awareness of information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' health education and (2) explore the barriers or reasons for the adoption of ICT in school nursing practice, while (3) presenting strategies to speed ICT diffusion and dissemination into…

Lee, Eunjoo; Park, Hyejin; Whyte, James; Jeong, Eunhoe

2013-01-01

407

Precise time dissemination via portable atomic clocks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The most precise operational method of time dissemination over long distances presently available to the Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) community of users is by means of portable atomic clocks. The Global Positioning System (GPS), the latest system showing promise of replacing portable clocks for global PTTI dissemination, was evaluated. Although GPS has the technical capability of providing superior world-wide dissemination, the question of present cost and future accessibility may require a continued reliance on portable clocks for a number of years. For these reasons a study of portable clock operations as they are carried out today was made. The portable clock system that was utilized by the U.S. Naval Observatory (NAVOBSY) in the global synchronization of clocks over the past 17 years is described and the concepts on which it is based are explained. Some of its capabilities and limitations are also discussed.

Putkovich, K.

1982-01-01

408

The Widest Practicable Dissemination: The NASA Technical Report Server  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 established NASA and charged it to "provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning [...] its activities and the results thereof." The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA s information lead a grass-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. The NTRS is comprised of several units, some constructed especially for inclusion in NTRS, and others that are existing NASA publication services that NTRS reuses. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial 6-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Accomazzi, Alberto

1995-01-01

409

The widest practicable dissemination: The NASA technical report server  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 established NASA and charged it to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning...its activities and the results thereof.' The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA's information lead a grass-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. The NTRS is comprised of several units, some constructed especially for inclusion in NTRS, and others that are existing NASA publication services that NTRS reuses. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial six-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Accomazzi, Alberto

1995-01-01

410

77 FR 12284 - Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-9340 -3] Access to Confidential Business Information; Protection...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data occurred on or about...

2012-02-29

411

DISSEMINATED CYSTICERCOSIS WITH HUGE MUSCLE HYPERTROPHY  

PubMed Central

Cysticercosis is caused by cysticercus cellulose, which is the larva of Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm. The larvae are carried in the blood stream after penetrating the walls of the alimentary tract and they lodge in different tissues like the skin, skeletal muscles, brain, fundus and heart, to cause disseminated cysticercosis. Cases of disseminated cysticercosis have rarely been reported in the literature. They may inhabit the muscles and cause muscular hypertrophy, which, at times, may assume gross proportions. Morbidity is usually caused by the involvement of the central nervous system or the eyes. PMID:20049270

Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Sen, Sumit

2009-01-01

412

76 FR 69722 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection Strategies Incorporated  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...EPA-HQ-OPPT-2003-0004; FRL-8891-8] Access to Confidential Business Information by Protection...Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) confidential business information and to provide...may be claimed or determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI)....

2011-11-09

413

Statewide dissemination of a rural, non-chain restaurant intervention: adoption, implementation and maintenance.  

PubMed

The obesity epidemic calls for greater dissemination of nutrition-related programs, yet there remain few studies of the dissemination process. This study, guided by elements of the RE-AIM model, describes the statewide dissemination of a simple, point-of-purchase restaurant intervention. Conducted in rural counties of the Midwest, United States, the study targeted randomly selected, non-chain, family-style restaurants. Owners were recruited through mail, then telephone follow-up. Data were collected through telephone at baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 18 months post-adoption. Using mixed methods, measures captured the program adoption rate, characteristics of adopters and non-adopters, program implementation and maintenance issues, and owner and customer satisfaction. Analyses involved descriptive statistics and summaries of qualitative data. The program adoption rate was 28%. Adopters were similar to responding non-adopters demographically, but varied in attitudes. The majority of restaurants maintained the program for at least 12 months. Adopters and their customers expressed satisfaction with the program. With some adjustments, the RE-AIM model was helpful in guiding evaluation of this process. Results provide implications for future dissemination of this and other programs with regard to research procedures and potential barriers that may be encountered. Research on alternative strategies for widespread dissemination of such programs is needed in this and other settings. PMID:24650944

Nothwehr, F; Haines, H; Chrisman, M; Schultz, U

2014-06-01

414

A development of the Geographical Information Projects Index in line with the Scottish Geographic Information Strategy: “One Scotland One Geography.”   

E-print Network

In 2006, a partnership between The University of Edinburgh, The Scottish Government and The Association of Geographic Information in Scotland lead to the production of an online service designed to encourage diffusion of ...

Bruce, David

2008-12-04

415

From buzzword to business strategy: the case for information and decision support systems in e-healthcare.  

PubMed

Although electronic healthcare can boast of a remarkable origin in modern-day e-commerce in the form of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), its mission-critical nature in information-based strategising is yet to be realised. Restricting the scope of e-healthcare management to product advertisements and website management reflects an unfortunate trend of underutilisation of the scope of electronic decision support systems in pricing and other business strategies. This paper aims to illustrate how this trend can be corrected by transforming e-healthcare into a full-fledged business strategy for strategic positioning and corporate profitability. This argument is illustrated with the aid of a business example related to transfer pricing. PMID:18048255

Korukonda, Appa Rao; Korukonda, Saritha

2006-01-01

416

On maximum information strategies for estimation of stochastic multiple response systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the class of control strategies that are optimal for estimation in the context of various multiple regression models whose error terms are not only contemporaneously correlated across equations, but also autocorrelated over time. Specifically, the design optimization problem in the context of the traditional multivariate regression (reduced form) model, the generalized multivariate regression (Zellner's ‘seemingly

PANAGIOTIS A. PAPAKYRIAZIS

1986-01-01

417

The development of a methodology to quantify the impacts of information management strategies on EPC projects  

E-print Network

. . . Micro Models. . 5. DATA COLLECTION. Macro Model. . . Micro Models. . Historical and Current Practice Simulation Results. 6. PATH FORWARD. . Common Strategy Impacts. . . Detailed Design Task Impacts. . Design Micro Models.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Path Forward Micro Model Simulation. 7. MACRO SIMULATION RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS. . . Macro Model Simulation Results and Discussion. Additional Methodology Applications . . Barriers to Implementation. . Conclusions. . Page 1V V1 V11 2 2 7 9...

Moreau, Karen Anne

1997-01-01

418

Facing Facts: Can the Face-Name Mnemonic Strategy Accommodate Additional Factual Information?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 3 experiments, undergraduates used their own best method (control) or an "imposed" face-name mnemonic strategy to associate 18 caricatured faces, names, and additional facts. On all immediate tests (prompted by the faces), and on the delayed tests of Experiments 2a and 2b combined, mnemonic students statistically outperformed control students…

Carney, Russell N.; Levin, Joel R.

2012-01-01

419

Communities of Practice: A Strategy for Program Improvement. Information Brief, Volume 4, Issue 3, 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school students with disabilities encounter many barriers to successful transition, and thus they are likelier to drop out of school than their nondisabled peers and have more difficulties finding employment. Policy makers and practitioners in many fields are increasingly using communities of practice as a core strategy for developing…

Johnson, Donna; Bremer, Christine D.

2005-01-01

420

Fostering Sex Fairness in Vocational Education: Strategies for Administrators. Information Series No. 147.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of sixteen knowledge transformation papers, this paper gives an overview of sex equity issues and suggests alternative strategies for administrators in vocational education to use in reducing sex segregation and fostering sex fairness. In the first section the nature of the problem is discussed; occupational sex stereotyping and…

Steiger, JoAnn M.; Schlesinger, Sue H.

421

Strategies for Improving Miners' Training. CDC Workplace Safety and Health Information Circular, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These eight papers are intended to help prepare trainers of mine safety for an expected influx of younger workers as experienced miners retire and acquaint the trainers with strategies they can use to enhance their training effectiveness. "Principles of Adult Learning: Application for Mine Trainers" (Kathleen M. Kowalski, Charles Vaught) reviews…

Peters, Robert H., Ed.

422

Impacts of Product Country Image, Consumer Perceived Pricing, and Advertising Information Content on Consumer Purchase Behavior: The Link Between International Product, Pricing, and Advertising Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

To bridge existing gaps in prior studies, this rese arch examines how product country image, consumer perceived pricing, and advertising information cont ent impact consumer purchase behavior, internationa l product, pricing and advertising strategy; and how internati onal product, pricing and advertising strategy impa cts consumer purchase behavior. The hypotheses are tested in a mixed factorial experimental design (2x2x2= 8).

Tsai-Lung Liu

423

The Development of Strategies for the Assignment of Semantic Information to Unknown Lexemes in Text. Lenguas para Objetivos Especificas (Languages for Special Purposes), No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An English for Special Purposes (ESP) course being developed aims to give the students a series of techniques to help them handle vocabulary in a text, and teach them strategies for identifying meaning in context. Traditional strategies, such as the study of morphology, use of grammatical information, and exercises in dictionary usage, are…

Alderson, Charles; Alvarez, Guadalupe

424

The clearinghouse concept: a model for geospatial data centralization and dissemination in a disaster.  

PubMed

The disaster clearinghouse concept originates with the earthquake community as an effort to coordinate research and data collection activities. Though prior earthquake clearinghouses are small in comparison to what was needed in response to Hurricane Katrina, these seminal structures are germane to the establishment of our current model. On 3 September 2005, five days after Katrina wrought cataclysmic destruction along the Gulf Coast, FEMA and Louisiana State University personnel met to establish the LSU GIS Clearinghouse Cooperative (LGCC), a resource for centralization and dissemination of geospatial information related to Hurricane Katrina. Since its inception, the LGCC has developed into a working model for organization, dissemination, archiving and research regarding geospatial information in a disaster. This article outlines the formation of the LGCC, issues of data organization, and methods of data dissemination and archiving with an eye towards implementing the clearinghouse model as a standard resource for addressing geospatial data needs in disaster research and management. PMID:18958915

Mills, Jacqueline Warren; Curtis, Andrew; Pine, John C; Kennedy, Barrett; Jones, Farrell; Ramani, Ramesh; Bausch, Douglas

2008-09-01

425

Screen more or screen more often? Using mathematical models to inform syphilis control strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Syphilis incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) continues to rise despite attempts to increase screening and treatment uptake. We examined the marginal effect of increased frequency versus increased coverage of screening on syphilis incidence in Toronto, Canada. Methods We developed an agent-based, network model of syphilis transmission, representing a core population of 2,000 high-risk MSM. Epidemiological and biological parameters were drawn from regional surveillance data and literature-derived estimates. The pre-intervention period of the model was calibrated using surveillance data to identify 1000 credible simulations per strategy. Evaluated strategies included: annual syphilis screening at baseline coverage, increased screening frequency at baseline coverage, and increased coverage of annual screening. Intervention impact was measured as annual prevalence of detected infectious cases and syphilis incidence per year over 10 years. Results Of the strategies evaluated, increasing the frequency of syphilis screening to every three months was most effective in reducing reported and incident syphilis infections. Increasing the fraction of individuals tested, without increasing test frequency, resulted a smaller decline in incidence, because reductions in infectious syphilis via treatment were counterbalanced by increased incident syphilis among individuals with prior latent syphilis. For an equivalent number of additional tests performed annually, increased test frequency was consistently more effective than improved coverage. Conclusions Strategies that focus on higher frequency of testing in smaller fractions of the population were more effective in reducing syphilis incidence in a simulated MSM population. The findings highlight how treatment-induced loss of immunity can create unexpected results in screening-based control strategies. PMID:23800206

2013-01-01

426

Weather data dissemination to aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Documentation exists that shows weather to be responsible for approximately 40 percent of all general aviation accidents with fatalities. Weather data products available on the ground are becoming more sophisticated and greater in number. Although many of these data are critical to aircraft safety, they currently must be transmitted verbally to the aircraft. This process is labor intensive and provides a low rate of information transfer. Consequently, the pilot is often forced to make life-critical decisions based on incomplete and outdated information. Automated transmission of weather data from the ground to the aircraft can provide the aircrew with accurate data in near-real time. The current National Airspace System Plan calls for such an uplink capability to be provided by the Mode S Beacon System data link. Although this system has a very advanced data link capability, it will not be capable of providing adequate weather data to all airspace users in its planned configuration. This paper delineates some of the important weather data uplink system requirements, and describes a system which is capable of meeting these requirements. The proposed system utilizes a run-length coding technique for image data compression and a hybrid phase and amplitude modulation technique for the transmission of both voice and weather data on existing aeronautical Very High Frequency (VHF) voice communication channels.

Mcfarland, Richard H.; Parker, Craig B.

1990-01-01

427

Ideal free distribution or dynamic game? An agent-based simulation study of trawling strategies with varying information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An ecological economic model of trawling is presented to demonstrate the effect of trawling location choice strategy on net input (rate of economic gain of fish caught per time spent less costs). Fishing location choice is considered to be a dynamic process whereby trawlers chose from among a repertoire of plastic strategies that they modify if their gains fall below a fixed proportion of the mean gains of the fleet as a whole. The distribution of fishing across different areas of a fishery follows an approximate ideal free distribution (IFD) with varying noise due to uncertainty. The least-productive areas are not utilised because initial net input never reaches the mean yield of better areas subject to competitive exploitation. In cases, where there is a weak temporal autocorrelation between fish stocks in a specific location, a plastic strategy of local translocation between trawls mixed with longer-range translocation increases realised input. The trawler can change its translocation strategy in the light of information about recent trawling success compared to its long-term average but, in contrast to predictions of the Marginal Value Theorem (MVT) model, does not know for certain what it will find by moving, so may need to sample new patches. The combination of the two types of translocation mirrored beam-trawling strategies used by the Dutch fleet and the resultant distribution of trawling effort is confirmed by analysis of historical effort distribution of British otter trawling fleets in the North Sea. Fisheries exploitation represents an area where dynamic agent-based adaptive models may be a better representation of the economic dynamics of a fleet than classically inspired optimisation models.

Beecham, J. A.; Engelhard, G. H.

2007-10-01

428

Disseminating evidence-based care into practice.  

PubMed

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has launched the Partnership for Patients initiative, promising a 20% reduction in readmissions nationally across all payers by December 31, 2013. To address this ambitious goal, CMS has awarded grants to Hospital Engagement Networks, Pioneer Accountable Care Organizations, and the Community-based Care Transitions Program, as well as instituted new penalties for excessive readmission that began in October 2012. National efforts aimed at realizing this goal are predicated, in part, on our effectiveness in disseminating evidence-based care models into practice to improve outcomes and reduce costs. The Care Transitions Intervention (CTI) has been developed, tested, and disseminated to over 750 health care organizations in 40 states nationwide. Four factors promote wide-scale CTI dissemination. The first factor focuses on model fidelity whereby adopters are given insight into which elements of the intervention can be adapted and customized. The second factor concerns the selection of Transitions Coaches and reinforcement of their role through training and participation in a national peer learning network. The third factor relates to model execution with attention to integrating the intervention into existing workflows and fostering relationships with community stakeholders. The fourth factor involves cultivating the support to sustain or expand the intervention through continually making the business case in a changing health care landscape. The lessons learned through the dissemination and implementation of the CTI may be generalizable to the spread of a variety of evidence-based care models. PMID:23537156

Coleman, Eric A; Rosenbek, Susan A; Roman, Sarah P

2013-08-01

429

Partnerships for Adaptation, Implementation, and Dissemination (PAID)  

E-print Network

search committee training and department chair workshops; and (2) develop and disseminate ten evidence universities with our materials. We will also upgrade our online distribution of these materials to make were college-based, four were open to any employee on campus, and three were department-based. Only one

Sheridan, Jennifer

430

Hormonal Treatment of Disseminated Male Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

14 males with disseminated cancer of breast received a total of 35 endocrine trials, mainly in the form of hormonal supplementation. Overall, a 43% response rate was observed. In particular, remissions occurred in 7 of 11 instances with cyproterone acetate, in 3 of 7 with tamoxifen, in 2 of 5 with estrogens, in 2 of 5 with aminoglutethimide, in none

Massimo Lopez; Luigi Di Lauro; Bonaventura Lazzaro; Paola Papaldo

1985-01-01

431

Factors that Influence Dissemination in Engineering Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the need for new educational materials and methods in engineering education is increasing, the process of disseminating (making target groups become aware of, accept, and use) these innovations remains a challenge. A literature review shows that few studies have thoroughly investigated this area. The purpose of this article is to identify…

Hazen, B. T.; Wu, Yun; Sankar, C. S.

2012-01-01

432

CHRONIC DISSEMINATED HISTOPLASMOSIS WITH PROLONGED LATENCY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A case of chronic disseminated histoplasmosis in an ex-serviceman is described. Evidence is presented to support a latency period of over sixty years between acquisition of infection and clinical manifestation. This is the longest latency period for histoplasmosis described in the medical literature...

433

Ophthalmic complications with disseminated intravascular coagulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Massive lid oedema, ecchymosis, proptosis with a total restriction of extraocular movement, markedly raised intraocular pressure, and occlusion of the central retinal artery developed acutely in the right eye of a 26-year-old woman with a past history of disseminated intravascular coagulation. She had been admitted to hospital for symptoms of abdominal pain and bleeding from multiple sites a few hours

R. B. Patchett; W. B. Wilson; P. P. Ellis

1988-01-01

434

A Proposed Framework for Educational Innovation Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the need for new educational technologies is increasing, the process for disseminating these innovations remains a challenge. A literature review shows that few studies have thoroughly investigated this area. Furthermore, there is no comprehensive framework or coordinated research agenda that may be used to guide such investigation. This…

Hazen, Benjamin T.; Wu, Yun; Sankar, Chetan S.; Jones-Farmer, L. Allison

2012-01-01

435

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis presenting with hypertensive emergency.  

PubMed

We report a 12-year-old girl presenting with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) along with hypertensive emergency. Hypertension persisted for few weeks following recovery and subsided with oral clonidine. Although autonomic instability in ADEM has been reported before, hypertensive emergency was not previously documented as presenting feature of ADEM. PMID:24327453

Ganguly, Samrat; Das, Mousumi; Bagchi, Nilay Ranjan

2014-04-01

436

Bioinformatics education dissemination with an evolutionary problem solving perspective.  

PubMed

Bioinformatics is central to biology education in the 21st century. With the generation of terabytes of data per day, the application of computer-based tools to stored and distributed data is fundamentally changing research and its application to problems in medicine, agriculture, conservation and forensics. In light of this 'information revolution,' undergraduate biology curricula must be redesigned to prepare the next generation of informed citizens as well as those who will pursue careers in the life sciences. The BEDROCK initiative (Bioinformatics Education Dissemination: Reaching Out, Connecting and Knitting together) has fostered an international community of bioinformatics educators. The initiative's goals are to: (i) Identify and support faculty who can take leadership roles in bioinformatics education; (ii) Highlight and distribute innovative approaches to incorporating evolutionary bioinformatics data and techniques throughout undergraduate education; (iii) Establish mechanisms for the broad dissemination of bioinformatics resource materials and teaching models; (iv) Emphasize phylogenetic thinking and problem solving; and (v) Develop and publish new software tools to help students develop and test evolutionary hypotheses. Since 2002, BEDROCK has offered more than 50 faculty workshops around the world, published many resources and supported an environment for developing and sharing bioinformatics education approaches. The BEDROCK initiative builds on the established pedagogical philosophy and academic community of the BioQUEST Curriculum Consortium to assemble the diverse intellectual and human resources required to sustain an international reform effort in undergraduate bioinformatics education. PMID:21036947

Jungck, John R; Donovan, Samuel S; Weisstein, Anton E; Khiripet, Noppadon; Everse, Stephen J

2010-11-01

437

[Giving priority to disseminating the idea of planned birth].  

PubMed

Under the sponsorship of the Office for Planned Birth of the State Council, a symposium on disseminating information on planned birth was held on January 10-14, 1981 in Beijing. It was attended by over 50 comrades from various units. 3 cooperative groups for information dissemination based in Beijing, Shanghai, and Chengdu were established and their duties and organizations were separately discussed. Major speeches were delivered by Comrade Chen Muhua, Vice-Premier of the State Council, and by Comrade Wang Renzhong, Minister of Propaganda. Comrade Chen stressed the importance of understanding and balancing the 2 aspects of production, material and human. She pointed out the tremendous task of attaining the goal of a planned population of not more than 1.2 billion by year 2000, which would require rigorous efforts from every level--from province, district, county, factory down to family and the individual. She also pointed out the difficulty and necessity of advocating 1 child/couple and urged that the people be educated to dismiss the old feudal notion of producing only males to carry on family traditions. Comrade Wang stressed the importance of a controlled population growth to the future prosperity of China and the active participation of every citizen. Concluding remarks by Comrades Li Xiuzhen and Liu Qingshan, Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively of the Office for Planned Birth, stressed the importance and priority of educating the public in birth control. PMID:12311030

Zhang, F

1981-04-01

438

On line dissemination of environmental knowledge for educational purpose  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The environment is a laboratory native for learning, always open and everywhere available. Environmental sciences collect knowledge into the environment and make it scientifically transferable through algorithms. Therefore the environment can be used as a gym for teaching with direct experiments many knowledge of many disciplines. For this reason into the environmental database for the Lagoon of Venice carried out at the Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti of Venice (Italy) has been organized a section for disseminating environmental knowledge (URL: www.istitutoveneto.it/venezia/divulgazione/divulgazione.htm). In this section are given information and tools to make data base contents understanding easy and to promote its use for didactical purpose. The aim is to stimulate users' curiosity and to satisfy the request of dissemination tools coming from those who work in training field. This section is divided into four chapters: Descriptions, with generalities about the types and the dynamics of environment that can be found in the Venice lagoon; Cards, with specific information about objects, phenomena and categories; Didactics, offering Training Experiences, Educational Courses and Games and Simulations. A Glossary, with technical terms and idiomatic forms completes the section. Secondary school teachers have been involved, in order to understand their requirements and their experience level for deciding contents organization. Moreover, agreement with teachers has been found on a report model allowing some standardization on cataloguing of the environmental didactics and education activities carried out within the schools.

Fant, S.; Macaluso, L.; Marani, A.; Scalvini, G.; Zane, O.

2003-04-01

439

A novel right ventricle segmentation strategy using local spatio-temporal MRI information with a prior regularizer term  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work is presented a novel strategy that tracks the right ventricle (RV) shape during a whole cardiac cycle in magnetic resonance sequences (MRC). The proposed approach obtains a set of spatio-temporal observations from a bidirectional per pixel motion descriptor which are each time fused with prior learned edges. A main advantage of the proposed approach is a robust MRI heart characterization that is regularized by a prior information, obtaining in each cardiac state coherent results. The proposed approach achieves a Dice Score of 0.64 evaluated over 16 patients.

Atehortúa, Angélica; Martínez, Fabio; Romero, Eduardo

2013-11-01

440

The Web as an Information Resource in K-12 Education: Strategies for Supporting Students in Searching and Processing Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of the Web in K-12 education has increased substantially in recent years. The Web, however, does not support the learning processes of students as a matter of course. In this review, the authors analyze what research says about the demands that the use of the Web as an information resource in education makes on the support and supervision…

Kuiper, Els; Volman, Monique; Terwel, Jan

2005-01-01

441

Rapid Dissemination of SIV Follows Multisite Entry after Rectal Inoculation  

PubMed Central

Receptive ano-rectal intercourse is a major cause of HIV infection in men having sex with men and in heterosexuals. Current knowledge of the mechanisms of entry and dissemination during HIV rectal transmission is scarce and does not allow the development of preventive strategies. We investigated the early steps of rectal infection in rhesus macaques inoculated with the pathogenic isolate SIVmac251 and necropsied four hours to nine days later. All macaques were positive for SIV. Control macaques inoculated with heat-inactivated virus were consistently negative for SIV. SIV DNA was detected in the rectum as early as four hours post infection by nested PCR for gag in many laser-microdissected samples of lymphoid aggregates and lamina propria but never in follicle-associated epithelium. Scarce SIV antigen positive cells were observed by immunohistofluorescence in the rectum, among intraepithelial and lamina propria cells as well as in clusters in lymphoid aggregates, four hours post infection and onwards. These cells were T cells and non-T cells that were not epithelial cells, CD68+ macrophages, DC-SIGN+ cells or fascin+ dendritic cells. DC-SIGN+ cells carried infectious virus. Detection of Env singly spliced mRNA in the mucosa by nested RT-PCR indicated ongoing viral replication. Strikingly, four hours post infection colic lymph nodes were also infected in all macaques as either SIV DNA or infectious virus was recovered. Rapid SIV entry and dissemination is consistent with trans-epithelial transport. Virions appear to cross the follicle-associated epithelium, and also the digestive epithelium. Viral replication could however be more efficient in lymphoid aggregates. The initial sequence of events differs from both vaginal and oral infections, which implies that prevention strategies for rectal transmission will have to be specific. Microbicides will need to protect both digestive and follicle-associated epithelia. Vaccines will need to induce immunity in lymph nodes as well as in the rectum. PMID:21573012

Prétet, Jean-Luc; Michel-Salzat, Alice; Messent, Valérie; Bogdanova, Anna; Couëdel-Courteille, Anne; Souil, Evelyne; Cheynier, Rémi; Butor, Cécile

2011-01-01

442

Undergraduate Use of Government Information: What Citation Studies Tell Us about Instruction Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among librarians, government information has a reputation for being a valuable but underused resource. A literature review of undergraduate citation studies, however, reveals that the use of government information has apparently increased so much for some subject areas that, after books and journals, it has become one of the most frequently used…

Brunvand, Amy; Pashkova-Balkenhol, Tatiana

2008-01-01

443

How hip-hop musicians learn: Strategies in informal creative music making  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of informal musical learning outside institutional settings, such as schools, has proved to contribute important knowledge to aspects of music education. Hip-hop, as an example of informal musical learning, has so far been quite an unexplored field for research. The present study investigates music creation within two hip-hop groups (communes) in Sweden. The focus is on the creative

Johan Söderman; Göran Folkestad

2004-01-01

444

Sequential or selective access? Young people's strategies for finding information in non-fiction books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the prominence now given in schools to information skills, little research has investigated how young people actually locate information in books. This paper draws on the results of a recent qualitative investigation to explore their methods in this regard. Two forms of behaviour were identified. In some instances, material within books was accessed sequentially — the user started at

Andrew K. Shenton; Pat Dixon

2003-01-01

445

CyberStrategies: How To Build an Internet-Based Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many organizations grapple with a glut of electronic information spawned by stockpiles of incompatible computers. This book offers solutions in information sharing and computer interaction. Rather than being about the Internet per se, it is about approaches that are characteristic of the Internet and the managerial and technical aspects of…

Carroll, Michael L.; Downs, W. Scott

446

Evaluating ICT [Information and Communications Technology] Projects and Strategies in Teaching and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation manual is a response to requests of education and training organizations for a practical methodology with tools to evaluate information and communications technology (ICT) projects and use of information and learning technologies in teaching and learning in Great Britain. Section 1 describes evaluation methodologies, the evaluation…

Barnard, Jane; Thompson, Julie

447

Do your friends make you smarter?: An analysis of social strategies in online information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research in the social search space has focused on the informational benefits of col- laborating with others during web and workplace information seeking. However, social interactions, especially during complex tasks, can have cognitive benefits as well. Our goal in this paper is to document the methods and outcomes of using social resources to help with exploratory search tasks. We

Brynn M. Evans; Sanjay Kairam; Peter Pirolli

2010-01-01

448

How Hip-Hop Musicians Learn: Strategies in Informal Creative Music Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of informal musical learning outside institutional settings, such as schools, has proved to contribute important knowledge to aspects of music education. Hip-hop, as an example of informal musical learning, has so far been quite an unexplored field for research. The present study investigates music creation within two hip-hop groups (…

Soderman, Johan; Folkestad, Goran

2004-01-01

449

Information Requirements for Planning Instructional Strategies: An Anthology for Teachers and Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction to this anthology reports a study designed to develop a systematic procedure for gathering information from actual school settings about the impact of school organization, staffing, and administration on students--information to provide baseline data for decisionmakers. Included are description of methods and procedures, data…

Bish, John, Ed.; And Others

450

Academic Users' Information Searching on Research Topics: Characteristics of Research Tasks and Search Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project investigated how academic users search for information on their real-life research tasks. This article presents the findings of the first of two studies. The study data were collected in the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia. Eleven PhD students' searching behaviors on personal research topics were observed as they interacted with information retrieval (IR) systems. The

Jia Tina Du; Nina Evans

2011-01-01

451

Education, Training, and Research in the Information Society: A National Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a written synthesis of opinions and observations on the role of emerging information technology in Finnish society. It surmises that such technology will benefit the educational system and increase research activity, thereby creating new channels of information access for the public, as long as national policymakers commit…

Ministry of Education, Helsinki (Finland).

452

Fundamentally different strategies for transcriptional regulation are revealed by information-theoretical analysis of binding motifs  

E-print Network

To regulate a particular gene, a transcription factor (TF) needs to bind a specific genome location. How is this genome address specified amid the presence of ~10^6-10^9 decoy sites? Our analysis of 319 known TF binding motifs clearly demonstrates that prokaryotes and eukaryotes use strikingly different strategies to target TFs to specific genome locations; eukaryotic TFs exhibit widespread nonfunctional binding and require clustering of sites in regulatory regions for specificity.

Leonid A. Mirny; Zeba Wunderlich

2009-01-21

453

15 CFR 296.31 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM Dissemination of Program Results § 296.31 Dissemination of...

2014-01-01

454

15 CFR 296.31 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM Dissemination of Program Results § 296.31 Dissemination of...

2013-01-01

455

15 CFR 296.31 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM Dissemination of Program Results § 296.31 Dissemination of...

2012-01-01

456

15 CFR 296.31 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM Dissemination of Program Results § 296.31 Dissemination of results. Results stemming from the...

2010-01-01

457

15 CFR 296.31 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Foreign Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NIST EXTRAMURAL PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM Dissemination of Program Results § 296.31 Dissemination of results. Results stemming from the...

2011-01-01

458

29 CFR 403.8 - Dissemination and verification of reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Dissemination and verification of reports. 403.8 Section 403.8 Labor...STANDARDS LABOR ORGANIZATION ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORTS § 403.8 Dissemination and verification of reports. (a) Every labor organization...

2011-07-01

459

29 CFR 403.8 - Dissemination and verification of reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Dissemination and verification of reports. 403.8 Section 403.8 Labor...STANDARDS LABOR ORGANIZATION ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORTS § 403.8 Dissemination and verification of reports. (a) Every labor organization...

2010-07-01

460

10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients...

2010-01-01

461

10 CFR 602.18 - Dissemination of results.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Dissemination of results. 602.18 Section 602.18 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.18 Dissemination of results. (a) Recipients...

2011-01-01

462

Dissemination and Implementation Research Funded by the US National Institutes of Health, 2005–2012  

PubMed Central

Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research is a growing area of science focused on overcoming the science-practice gap by targeting the distribution of information and adoption of interventions to public health and clinical practice settings. This study examined D&I research projects funded under specific program announcements by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 2005 to 2012. The authors described the projects' D&I strategies, funding by NIH Institute, focus, characteristics of the principal investigators (PIs) and their organizations, and other aspects of study design and setting. Results showed 46 R01s, 6 R03s, and 24 R21s funded totaling $79.2 million. The top funders were the National Cancer Institute and the National Institute of Mental Health, together providing 61% of funding. The majority of PIs were affiliated with Schools of Medicine or large, nonprofit research organizations and think tanks. Only 4% of projects were to PIs with appointments at Schools of Nursing, with 7% of the funding. The most commonly funded projects across all of the studies focused on cancer control and screening, substance abuse prevention and treatment, and mental health services. Typically implemented in community and organizational settings, D&I research provides an excellent opportunity for team science, including nurse scientists and interdisciplinary collaborators. PMID:23606958

Tinkle, Mindy; Kimball, Richard; Haozous, Emily A.; Shuster, George; Meize-Grochowski, Robin

2013-01-01

463

76 FR 50479 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Approval; Comment Request; Lead-Based Paint Pre-Renovation Information Dissemination...for review and approval: Lead-Based Paint Pre- Renovation Information Dissemination...regulations.gov. Title: Lead-Based Paint Pre-Renovation Information...

2011-08-15

464

Beyond the media: A new strategy for distributing scientific and technical information  

SciTech Connect

Communications media -- newspapers, television, magazines, etc. -- may be the most powerful single influence on modern life. Certainly they are the most important source of information citizens use to form opinions about such complex scientific questions as global warming or nuclear waste cleanup. But commercial news media have built-in limitations on their effectiveness as information sources. Reliance on advertising for revenue means the media are limited in the volume of material they can cover. In addition, the need to attract the largest possible, or the most select, audience for advertisers limits the complexity of information that the media can present. Finally, existing media organizations offer few, if any, ways for users to retrieve past information. These limitations deprive citizens of needed information, increase pressure on political leaders, and create the gridlock over scientific and public policy questions caused by the Not in My Backyard'' snydrome. Fortunately, modern communications technology is changing in ways that allow public policy makers to address these shortenings. Companies now barred from the information business are seeking to enter, existing media companies are looking for new sources of revenue, and new information products are seeking markets. Several changes to existing media and communications policy will be suggested and general principles for building a better overall communications system will be discussed. 18 refs.

Preecs, B.L.

1991-11-01

465

A proposal to use a balanced scorecard to evaluate Information for Health: an information strategy for the modern NHS (1998-2005).  

PubMed

The author was invited to assist in the development of an evaluation methodology for the Strategy. One of the conundrums of measuring the information management & technology (IM&T) function is that infrastructure investments cannot be cost justified on a return on investment basis. The balanced scorecard (BSC) is a means to evaluate corporate performance from four different perspectives: the financial perspective, the internal business process perspective, the customer perspective, and the learning and growth perspective. An IM&T BSC for Information for Health was recommended as means of allowing managers to see the positive and negative impacts of IM&T activities on the factors that are important to the NHS as a whole. PMID:11922937

Protti, Denis

2002-05-01

466

Report of the Office of Special Education Programs. Proceedings of the Annual Technical Assistance and Dissemination Conference (7th, Washington, D.C., March 3-5, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the interaction that occurred during the Seventh Annual Technical Assistance and Dissemination Conference. The purpose of the conference was to provide participants with an opportunity to: (1) increase knowledge in various topical areas related to technical assistance and dissemination (TA&D); (2) exchange information,…

Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.

467

Food urbanism : urban agriculture as a strategy to facilitate social mobility in informal settlements  

E-print Network

Can community-based urban agriculture generate stronger communities? How is this possible? This thesis explores the possibility of community development through application of community gardens in an informal settlement ...

Amirtahmasebi, Rana

2008-01-01

468

The role of customer experience in technology strategy : implications for product adoption in information technology  

E-print Network

This research identifies and describes the impact of customer experience on the adoption of information technology products. The research findings are applied to the business case of a global technology firm entering into ...

Vernon, Mona Masghati

2011-01-01

469

Decentralized mixing function control strategy for multi-robot informative persistent sensing applications  

E-print Network

In this thesis, we present a robust adaptive control law that enables a team of robots to generate locally optimal closed path persistent sensing trajectories through information rich areas of a dynamic, unknown environment. ...

Hall, Gavin Chase

2014-01-01

470

The widest practicable dissemination: The NASA technical report server  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA's information lead a gross-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial 6-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael; Accomazzi, Alberto

1995-01-01

471

Determination of non-market values to inform conservation strategies for the threatened Alistana-Sanabresa cattle breed.  

PubMed

Livestock breed-related public good functions are often used to justify support for endangered breed conservation despite the fact that little is known about such non-market values. We show how stated preference techniques can be used to assess the non-market values that people place on livestock breeds. Through the application of a case study choice experiment survey in Zamora province, Spain, the total economic value (TEV) of the threatened Alistana-Sanabresa (AS) cattle breed was investigated. An analysis of the relative importance of the non-market components of its TEV and an assessment of the socio-economic variables that influence people's valuation of such components is used to inform conservation strategy design. Overall, the findings reveal that the AS breed had significant non-market values associated with it and that the value that respondents placed on each specific public good function also varied significantly. Functions related with indirect use cultural and existence values were much more highly valued than landscape maintenance values. These high cultural and existence values (totalling over 80% of TEV) suggest that an AS in situ conservation strategy will be required to secure such values. As part of such a strategy, incentive mechanisms will be needed to permit farmers to capture some of these public good values and thus be able to afford to maintain breed population numbers at socially desirable levels. One such mechanism could be related to the development of breed-related agritourism initiatives, with a view to enhancing private good values and providing an important addition to continued direct support. Where linked with cultural dimensions, niche product market development, including through improving AS breed-related product quality and brand recognition may also have a role to play as part of such an overall conservation and use strategy. We conclude that livestock breed conservation strategies with the highest potential to maximise societal welfare would be those that secure the breed-related functions that people value most, with appropriate in situ conservation interventions and strategies being identified accordingly. PMID:24698311

Martin-Collado, D; Diaz, C; Drucker, A G; Carabaño, M J; Zander, K K

2014-04-01

472

Dissemination of School Finance Services in Urban School Districts. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this paper was designed to test specific ways of improving the dissemination of school finance information in two big city school districts (St. Louis and Kansas City, Missouri), in order to enable them to compete more effectively for State aid. Part I presents the political and fiscal environment in which Kansas City and…

Goertz, Margaret E.

473

Contextual Factors Influencing Readiness for Dissemination of Obesity Prevention Programs and Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the realm of obesity prevention research, there have been many promising interventions to improve physical activity and nutrition among diverse target populations. However, very little information is known about the dissemination and replication of these interventions. In 2007 and 2008 as part of a larger obesity prevention initiative,…

Dreisinger, Mariah L.; Boland, Elizabeth M.; Filler, Carl D.; Baker, Elizabeth A.; Hessel, Amy S.; Brownson, Ross C.

2012-01-01

474

A Joint Effort to Enhance the Dissemination Functions of State Education Agencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1969 the U.S. Office of Education sponsored a national meeting to examine information dissemination efforts within state education agencies. This initial encounter was designed to introduce the establishment of a network of communication and cooperation involving USOE and the agencies. Texas was awarded funds to begin a study. In 1971 the South…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

475

Protecting patient privacy by quantifiable control of disclosures in disseminated databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the fundamental rights of patients is to have their privacy protected by health care organizations, so that information that can be used to identify a particular individual is not used to reveal sensitive patient data such as diagnoses, reasons for ordering tests, test results, etc. A common practice is to remove sensitive data from databases that are disseminated

Lucila Ohno-machado; Paulo Sérgio Panse Silveira; Staal A. Vinterbo

2004-01-01

476

A Campus-Community Partnership to Disseminate Health Internet Technology Resources among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is increasingly used to disseminate health information about diseases and prevention and to help in obtaining health services. Although technology can empower African Americans to adopt healthy lifestyles, the gap in usage between African Americans and Whites undermines the potential power of health Internet technology (IT) to…

Littlefield, Melissa B.; Edwards, Lorece; Akers, Timothy

2014-01-01

477

Dissemination Recommendations on and Descriptions of Exemplary Products. Panel Review of Products (PROP), 1972-1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 23 products selected in the Panel Review of Products (PROP) in 1972-1973 and the dissemination recommendations made are discussed, and product descriptions are provided. The product descriptions present information as to what each product is, what it does, and whom it is designed to serve. Emphasis is given to evaluation evidence on…

Walton, Wesley W.; And Others

478

Assessing the impact of geographically correlated failures on overlay-based data dissemination  

E-print Network

, floods, tornados) or sudden power outages - infrastructure failures in these cases are geographically. Reliability of information dissemination is critical, especially in cases where the overlay networks are used are not random, but geographically correlated, as is the case when there are massive disruptions of underlying

Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

479

Developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence (DECIDE): protocol and preliminary results  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare decision makers face challenges when using guidelines, including understanding the quality of the evidence or the values and preferences upon which recommendations are made, which are often not clear. Methods GRADE is a systematic approach towards assessing the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations in healthcare. GRADE also gives advice on how to go from evidence to decisions. It has been developed to address the weaknesses of other grading systems and is now widely used internationally. The Developing and Evaluating Communication Strategies to Support Informed Decisions and Practice Based on Evidence (DECIDE) consortium (http://www.decide-collaboration.eu/), which includes members of the GRADE Working Group and other partners, will explore methods to ensure effective communication of evidence-based recommendations targeted at key stakeholders: healthcare professionals, policymakers, and managers, as well as patients and the general public. Surveys and interviews with guideline producers and other stakeholders will explore how presentation of the evidence could be improved to better meet their information needs. We will collect further stakeholder input from advisory groups, via consultations and user testing; this will be done across a wide range of healthcare systems in Europe, North America, and other countries. Targeted communication strategies will be developed, evaluated in randomized trials, refined, and assessed during the development of real guidelines. Discussion Results of the DECIDE project will improve the communication of evidence-based healthcare recommendations. Building on the work of the GRADE Working Group, DECIDE will develop and evaluate methods that address communication needs of guideline users. The project will produce strategies for communicating recommendations that have been rigorously evaluated in diverse settings, and it will support the transfer of research into practice in healthcare systems globally. PMID:23302501

2013-01-01

480

Continuous executive function disruption interferes with application of an information integration categorization strategy.  

PubMed

Category learning is often characterized as being supported by two separate learning systems. A verbal system learns rule-defined (RD) categories that can be described using a verbal rule and relies on executive functions (EFs) to learn via hypothesis testing. A nonverbal system learns non-rule-defined (NRD) categories that cannot be described by a verbal rule and uses automatic, procedural learning. The verbal system is dominant in that adults tend to use it during initial learning but may switch to the nonverbal system when the verbal system is unsuccessful. The nonverbal system has traditionally been thought to operate independently of EFs, but recent studies suggest that EFs may play a role in the nonverbal system-specifically, to facilitate the transition away from the verbal system. Accordingly, continuously interfering with EFs during the categorization process, so that EFs are never fully available to facilitate the transition, may be more detrimental to the nonverbal system than is temporary EF interference. Participants learned an NRD or an RD category while EFs were untaxed, taxed temporarily, or taxed continuously. When EFs were continuously taxed during NRD categorization, participants were less likely to use a nonverbal categorization strategy than when EFs were temporarily taxed, suggesting that when EFs were unavailable, the transition to the nonverbal system was hindered. For the verbal system, temporary and continuous interference had similar effects on categorization performance and on strategy use, illustrating that EFs play an important but different role in each of the category-learning systems. PMID:24719236

Miles, Sarah J; Matsuki, Kazunaga; Minda, John Paul

2014-07-01

481

What Can Health Communication Science Offer for ACA Implementation? Five Evidence-Informed Strategies for Expanding Medicaid Enrollment  

PubMed Central

Context:?Implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014 will require effective enrollment and outreach efforts to previously uninsured individuals now eligible for coverage. Methods:?From 1996 to 2013, the Health Communication Research Laboratory conducted more than 40 original studies with more than 30,000 participants to learn how to improve the reach to and effectiveness of health information for low-income and racial/ethnic minority populations. We synthesized the findings from this body of research and used them to inform current challenges in implementing the ACA. Findings:?We found empirical support for 5 recommendations regarding partnerships, outreach, messages and messengers, life priorities of low-income individuals and families, and the information environment. We translated these into 12 action steps. Conclusions:?Health communication science can inform the development and execution of strategies to increase the public's understanding of the ACA and to support the enrollment of eligible individuals into Medicaid or the Health Insurance Marketplace. PMID:24597555

KREUTER, MATTHEW W; McBRIDE, TIMOTHY D; CABURNAY, CHARLENE A; POOR, TIMOTHY; THOMPSON, VETTA L SANDERS; ALCARAZ, KASSANDRA I; EDDENS, KATHERINE S; RATH, SUCHITRA; PERKINS, HANNAH; CASEY, CHRISTOPHER

2014-01-01

482

Confidence Sharing: An Economic Strategy for Efficient Information Flows in Animal Groups  

PubMed Central

Social animals may share information to obtain a more complete and accurate picture of their surroundings. However, physical constraints on communication limit the flow of information between interacting individuals in a way that can cause an accumulation of errors and deteriorated collective behaviors. Here, we theoretically study a general model of information sharing within animal groups. We take an algorithmic perspective to identify efficient communication schemes that are, nevertheless, economic in terms of communication, memory and individual internal computation. We present a simple and natural algorithm in which each agent compresses all information it has gathered into a single parameter that represents its confidence in its behavior. Confidence is communicated between agents by means of active signaling. We motivate this model by novel and existing empirical evidences for confidence sharing in animal groups. We rigorously show that this algorithm competes extremely well with the best possible algorithm that operates without any computational constraints. We also show that this algorithm is minimal, in the sense that further reduction in communication may significantly reduce performances. Our proofs rely on the Cramér-Rao bound and on our definition of a Fisher Channel Capacity. We use these concepts to quantify information flows within the group which are then used to obtain lower bounds on collective performance. The abstract nature of our model makes it rigorously solvable and its conclusions highly general. Indeed, our results suggest confidence sharing as a central notion in the context of animal communication. PMID:25275649

Korman, Amos; Greenwald, Efrat; Feinerman, Ofer

2014-01-01

483

Major cultural-compatibility complex: considerations on cross-cultural dissemination of patient safety programmes.  

PubMed

As the importance of patient safety has been broadly acknowledged, various improvement programmes have been developed. Many of the programmes with proven efficacy have been disseminated internationally. However, some of those attempts may encounter unexpected cross-cultural obstacles and may fail to harvest the expected success. Each country has different cultural background that has shaped the behavior of the constituents for centuries. It is crucial to take into account these cultural differences in effectively disseminating these programmes. As an organ transplantation requires tissue-compatibility between the donor and the recipient, there needs to be compatibility between the country where the program was originally developed and the nation implementing the program. Though no detailed guidelines exist to predict success, small-scale pilot tests can help evaluate whether a safety programme will work in a new cultural environment. Furthermore, a pilot programme helps reveal the source of potential conflict, so we can modify the original programme accordingly to better suit the culture to which it is to be applied. In addition to programme protocols, information about the cultural context of the disseminated programme should be conveyed during dissemination. Original programme designers should work closely with partnering countries to ensure that modifications do not jeopardise the original intention of the programme. By following this approach, we might limit barriers originating from cultural differences and increase the likelihood of success in cross-cultural dissemination. PMID:22328455

Jeong, Heon-Jae; Pham, Julius C; Kim, Minji; Engineer, Cyrus; Pronovost, Peter J

2012-07-01

484

A model for developing, evaluating, and disseminating best practices in education and training.  

PubMed

With the shift toward team-based translational science came recognition that existing strategies for training individual investigators and retaining them in the biomedical workforce would be inadequate. To support this shift, it is important to: develop innovative strategies to educate and train diverse members of research teams; evaluate those programs; and disseminate best practices broadly. We have developed a four-phase model to facilitate the development, evaluation, and widespread dissemination of innovative strategies to train the biomedical research workforce. Phase I (Innovate) involves small scale trials of programs to address perceived training needs or new methods of delivery. Phase II (Incubate) refines and evaluates promising Phase I activities on a larger scale. Phase III (Translate) seeks to replicate initial successes either locally (Phase IIIa) or with other interested institutions (Phase IIIb). Phase IV (Disseminate) assesses whether identified local best practices can have success on a broader scale. We present specific examples from our own experience that demonstrate the utility of this model, and then conclude with opportunities and challenges related to the education and training of this workforce. PMID:25051987

Weinberger, Morris; Pusek, Susan N; Esserman, Denise A; Loehr, Laura A; Miller, William C; Orringer, Eugene P; Weaver, Mark A

2014-10-01

485

Dissemination: Bringing Translational Research to Completion  

PubMed Central

Despite the availability of innovative health care research, a gap exists between research-generated knowledge and the utilization of that knowledge in real-world practice settings. This article examines the transition from research to implementation in the context of the dissemination of A. Jean Ayres’ sensory integration procedures and of the challenges currently facing the University of Southern California Well Elderly Studies research team. Drawing from the emerging field of implementation science, this article discusses how researchers can develop an implementation plan to more easily translate evidence into practice. Such plans should address the intervention’s reach (i.e., its capacity to penetrate into the intended target population), the settings for which it is applicable, the leaders who will encourage practitioner uptake, stakeholder groups, and challenges to dissemination. By taking action to ensure the more effective dissemination of research-generated knowledge, researchers can increase the likelihood that their interventions will lead to improvements in practice and more effective care for consumers. PMID:23433273

Park, Daniel J.; Burke, Janice P.

2013-01-01

486

Social Information Processing and Coping Strategies of Shy/Withdrawn and Aggressive Children: Does Friendship Matter?  

PubMed Central

The primary objectives of this investigation were to examine the attributions, emotional reactions, and coping strategies of shy/withdrawn and aggressive girls and boys and to examine whether such social cognitions differ within the relationship context of friendship. Drawn from a sample of 5th and 6th graders (M age = 10.79 years; SD = .77), 78 shy/withdrawn, 76 aggressive, and 85 control children were presented with hypothetical social situations that first involved unfamiliar peers, then a mutual good friend. Results revealed group and gender differences and similarities, depending on the relationship context. From our findings emerges a central message: friends' involvement during interpersonal challenges or stressors mitigates children's attributions, emotions and coping responses. PMID:16611178

Burgess, Kim B.; Wojslawowicz, Julie C.; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Rose-Krasnor, Linda; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn

2013-01-01

487

Guided Self-Management of Transient Information in Animations through Pacing and Sequencing Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning with instructional animations may overstretch limited working memory resources due to intense processing demands associated with transient information. The authors investigated whether explicit instructional advice coupled with a task-specific learner control mechanism (such as a timeline scrollbar) could facilitate the successful…

Hatsidimitris, George; Kalyuga, Slava

2013-01-01

488

Outsourcing of Information Systems as a Strategy for Organizational Alignment and Transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outsourcing of services is usually viewed as a way to increase or decrease capacity at themargin. By outsourcing a firm can vary its ability to provide goods or services such asinformation technology (IT) processing capacity or applications development, withouttaking on the long term commitment of permanent staff or equipmentToday, outsourcing provides new options for managers to provide information technologyinfrastructures and

Ajit Karnbil; Jon Turner

1994-01-01

489

Laboratory Logistics: Strategies for Integrating Information Literacy Instruction into Science Laboratory Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Active learning is a hallmark of the traditional science laboratory class, making it a natural place for librarians to integrate active information literacy instruction. The course structure of science lab classes, particularly large entry-level undergraduate classes, can make the logistics of such integration a challenge. This paper presents two…

Gregory, Kathleen

2013-01-01

490

Information technology acceptance models comparison and IT development strategies: In small and medium sized enterprises case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies conducted on the information technology (IT) acceptance specifically in developing and less-developed countries indicates the importance of acceptance as a substantial stage in the process of IT implementation. Perceiving problems, opportunities, threats and fundamentals makes this process more convenient. Considering numerous researches in the field of IT acceptance, this study provides essential classification on models of the effective

M. Movahedi; M. Zamanian; A. Meisami

2010-01-01

491

Tools For The Architect of Whole School Change: A Handbook of Information and Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have compiled a handbook for school community leaders who are trying to implement whole school change. The premise is that whole school change will only be successful if an earnest group of individuals meets in a democratic environment to identify problems and establish goals and desired outcomes. To that end this handbook is a ‘toolbox’ that includes information and

Mary Moniz

2003-01-01

492

Telecommunication and Information Infrastructures in the Botswana and SADC Development Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of telecommunications and the information infrastructure in the economic development of Botswana. Highlights include the SADC (Southern African Development Community), the role of the World Bank in telecommunications in developing countries, and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) agenda for global telecommunications…

Afullo, Thomas J. O.

1999-01-01

493

Project Information Form Project Title White Paper on Strategies for Transitioning to Zero-Emission Vehicles--  

E-print Network

(ZEVs) include battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs), and hydrogen fuel-cell-electric vehicles (HFCVs). These technologies can be used in passenger cars, trucks-Emission Vehicles-- Passenger University UC Davis Principal Investigator Tom Turrentine PI Contact Information Ph

California at Davis, University of

494

Meeting the Information Needs of Rural Alaskan Students: A Strategy for Delivery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes how the University of Alaska Fairbanks provides library and information services to students in rural Alaska. The Elmer E. Rasmuson Library in Fairbanks created the Extended Campus Services unit for undergraduate students, graduate students, faculty, researchers, nondegree students, and specific patron groups who needed…

West, Sharon M.; Smith, Steven L.

495

Exposure, health information and flavour-masking strategies for improving the sensory quality of probiotic juice.  

PubMed

Probiotics are live microbial food supplements, which have been shown to exert numerous health benefits. Research has identified that probiotics cause perceptible off-flavours that often contribute to consumer dissatisfaction. This research consisted of three objectives. Firstly, to confirm whether probiotics have a significant effect on the sensory quality and the consumer acceptance of juices. Secondly, to evaluate whether the addition of tropical juices masks probiotic off-flavours, thereby increasing consumer liking. Thirdly, to determine whether non-sensory factors (i.e., repeated exposure, and health information) have an impact on consumer liking. Three orange juice products were manufactured for analysis; Control juice, juice containing probiotics, and juice containing probiotics and tropical fruit juices (10% v/v). Descriptive sensory analysis using a trained panel (n=8) determined that probiotic juices possessed unique 'medicinal' characteristics. Using labelled affective magnitude scales, consumers (n=116) evaluated their 'overall liking' of the three juices in a randomised order in the laboratory. Once assigned into one of three balanced exposure groups, each consumer took home seven, 100mL bottles of one of the juices, and consumed one bottle each day for 7 days. After each in-home consumption, consumers evaluated their 'overall liking' to familiarize themselves with the juice. Furthermore, half of the consumers were provided with information about the presence and the health benefits of probiotics, while the other half of consumers received no information. After 7 days of in-home usage, consumers returned to the laboratory for post-exposure sensory testing, where they re-evaluated their 'overall liking' of the three juices in a randomised order. Results showed that tropical juices were effective in masking the off-flavours associated with probiotic ingredients, and that consumer liking for the probiotic juice containing tropical juice flavours was maintained over the 7-day exposure period. Exposure and information had significant effects on the 'overall liking' of juices containing probiotic cultures. A significant interaction between exposure and information was observed. Therefore, exposure, health information and flavour-masking techniques can have a positive effect on the hedonic qualities of probiotic juices. PMID:16857295

Luckow, T; Sheehan, V; Fitzgerald, G; Delahunty, C

2006-11-01

496

Participants’ perceptions of a knowledge-brokering strategy to facilitate evidence-informed policy-making in Fiji  

PubMed Central

Background Evidence-informed policy-making (EIPM) is optimal when evidence-producers (researchers) and policy developers work collaboratively to ensure the production and use of the best available evidence. This paper examined participants’ perceptions of knowledge-brokering strategies used in the TROPIC (Translational Research in Obesity Prevention in Communities) project to facilitate the use of obesity-related evidence in policy development in Fiji. Method Knowledge-brokers delivered a 12-18 month programme comprising workshops targeting EIPM skills and practical support for developing evidence-informed policy briefs to reduce obesity. The programme was tailored to each of the six participating organizations. Knowledge-brokering strategies included negotiating topics that were aligned to the goals of individual organizations, monitoring and evaluating time-management skills, accommodating other organizational and individual priorities, delivering practical sessions on use of appropriate research tools and supporting individual writing of policy briefs. Two qualitative methods were used to examine individuals’ perceptions of skills obtained, opportunities afforded by the TROPIC project, facilitators and inhibiters to planned policy brief development and suggestions for improved programme delivery. Forty-nine participants completed an electronic word table and then participated in a semi-structured interview. An independent interviewer conducted structured interviews with a high-ranking officer in each organization to examine their perceptions of TROPIC engagement strategies. Data were analyzed descriptively and thematically, with the first author and another experienced qualitative researcher analyzing data sets separately, and then combining analyses. Results Many participants believed that they had increased their skills in acquiring, assessing, adapting and applying evidence, writing policy briefs and presenting evidence-based arguments to higher levels. Many participants preferred one-to-one meetings to group activities to ensure early resolution of developing issues and to refine policy briefs. Perceived barriers to EIPM were lack of knowledge about data sources, inadequate time to develop evidence-informed briefs, and insufficient resources for accessing and managing evidence. Conclusion An innovative knowledge-brokering approach utilizing skill development and mentorship facilitated individual EIPM skills and policy brief development. The TROPIC model could stimulate evidence-based policy action relating to obesity prevention and other policy areas in other Pacific countries and elsewhere. PMID:23919672

2013-01-01

497

Strategies for Information Retrieval and Virtual Teaming to Mitigate Risk on NASA's Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Following the loss of NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia in 2003, it was determined that problems in the agency's organization created an environment that led to the accident. One component of the proposed solution resulted in the formation of the NASA Engineering Network (NEN), a suite of information retrieval and knowledge sharing tools. This paper describes the implementation of this set of search, portal, content management, and semantic technologies, including a unique meta search capability for data from distributed engineering resources. NEN's communities of practice are formed along engineering disciplines where users leverage their knowledge and best practices to collaborate and take informal learning back to their personal jobs and embed it into the procedures of the agency. These results offer insight into using traditional engineering disciplines for virtual teaming and problem solving.

Topousis, Daria; Williams, Gregory; Murphy, Keri

2007-01-01

498

How publics respond to crisis communication strategies: The interplay of information form and source  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through an experiment with 162 college students this study empirically evaluates an emerging communication model: the social-mediated crisis communication model (SMCC). As part of a series of studies testing the SMCC model, this study focuses on two of the SMCC model's components: the effects of crisis information form (traditional media, social media, and word-of-mouth) and source (third party and organization)

Brooke Fisher Liu; Lucinda Austin; Yan Jin

2011-01-01

499

Anger, frustration, and helplessness after service failure: coping strategies and effective informational support  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the crucial role of helplessness in explaining idiosyncratic coping responses to anger and frustration after service\\u000a failure (a). Moreover, we examine the mitigating effect of informational support (i.e., explanations) on these emotions (b).\\u000a With respect to (a), it is argued that the coincidence of anger (frustration) and high levels of helplessness enhances vindictive\\u000a nWOM (support-seeking nWOM), whereas the

Katja Gelbrich

2010-01-01

500

Conservation strategies for effective land management of protected areas using an erosion prediction information system (EPIS).  

PubMed

This research demonstrates the predictive modeling capabilities of a geographic information system (GIS)-based soil erosion potential model to assess the effects of implementing land use change within a tropical watershed. The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) was integrated with a GIS to produce an Erosion Prediction Information System (EPIS) and modified to reflect conditions found in the mountainous tropics. Research was conducted in the Zenzontia subcatchment of the Río Ayuquíla, located within the Sierra de Manantlán Biosphere Reserve (SMBR), México. Expanding agricultural activities within this area will accentuate the already high rate of soil erosion and resultant sediment loading occurring in the Río Ayuquíla. Two land-use change scenarios are modeled with the EPIS: (1) implementation of soil conservation practices in erosion prone locations; and (2) selection of sites for agricultural expansion which minimize potential soil loss. Confronted with limited financial resources and the necessity for expedient action, managers of the SMBR can draw upon the predictive capacity of the EPIS to facilitate rapid and informed land-use planning decisions. PMID:11383105

Millward, A A; Mersey, J E

2001-04-01