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1

Optimistic strategies for large-scale dissemination of multimedia information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are investigating alternative transport protocolstrategies for realizing large scale dissemination servicesacross a wide area network. Communication requirementsof such applications are distinct from thosebased on conventional client-server interactions. Conventionalflow and error control methods based on theretransmissions-with-timeout paradigm are not appropriatefor such applications. Instead, we are interestedin using optimistic flow and error control strategies thattake into...

Rajendra Yavatkar; Leelanivas Manoj

1993-01-01

2

Targeted Information Dissemination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quantum Leap Innovations (QLI) developed a Targeted Information Dissemination (TID) system for rapid gathering and dissemination of the right information to the right people at the right time. The TID user interface shows tasks of an analyst. A hierarchic...

S. Kallurkar

2008-01-01

3

Comparison of Information Dissemination Methods in Inle Lake: A Lesson for Reconsidering Framework for Environmental Education Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the practice of information dissemination regarding pesticide usage in floating gardening in a rural area. The analysis reveals reasons why the current information dissemination methods employed by relevant stakeholders do not work. It then puts forward a proposition that information sharing within organizations of and among…

Oo, Htun Naing; Sutheerawatthana, Pitch; Minato, Takayuki

2010-01-01

4

Recruiting Teachers Online: Marketing Strategies and Information Dissemination Practices of UK-Based Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the websites of 43 UK-based agencies that are recruiting teachers in South Africa and other countries finds that important information about what to expect often is missing. An analysis of the marketing strategies shows that agencies overall are promising schools thorough vetting of candidates and low fees, are promising prospective…

de Villiers, Rian; Books, Sue

2009-01-01

5

Information Dissemination by Mail. Implications for CME.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two evaluation approaches were used to assess the impact of a continuing medical education manual that was distributed by mail. Implications for development of materials and for information dissemination strategies in continuing medical education are discussed. (Author/CT)

Scott, Craig S.; And Others

1986-01-01

6

Ethnicity and hazard information dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizens from two communities were questioned regarding the sources from which they have previously obtained information about environmental hazards and their preferences for different communication channels. Three ethnic groups—whites, blacks, and Mexican-Americans—were represented among those questioned. While all three ethnic groups described similar patterns of past information receipt, it was found that Mexican-Americans obtained more information through social network contacts than whites or blacks. Ethnic differentials emerged when citizens were asked about preferred sources for information receipt. While radio was identified as desirable by all three groups, only minority citizens expressed a preference for local television as a dissemination mode and only Mexican-Americans favored neighborhood meetings. Mailed dissemination and newspapers were preferred primarily by whites and blacks. The implications of the results for the conduct of hazard information dissemination are examined.

Perry, Ronald W.; Nelson, Lisa

1991-07-01

7

Economics of Information Dissemination. A Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A symposia was held to explore the problems of cost and benefits of information and its dissemination. Topics covered in the symposia included: (1) the development of a concept of information in the marketplace as an economic commodity; (2) the role of information in the decision-making process; and (3) viable models for management decision-making…

Taylor, Robert S., Ed.

8

Disseminating active map information to mobile hosts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes an active map service (AMS) that supports context-aware computing by providing clients with information about located-objects and how those objects change over time. The authors focus on the communication issues of disseminating information from an active map server to its clients, and in particular, address how to deal with various overload situations that can occur. Simple unicast

B. N. Schilit; M. M. Theimer

1994-01-01

9

Directed information dissemination in VANET  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assume that there exists an inter vehicular network using OLSR where accident information can be propagated to all nodes using on-going OLSR control packets. In order to ensure relevancy of the information, we want to be able to control the direction to which the information should or should not be sent. In this paper, we discuss our scheme to

A. K. M. Mahtab Hossain; Preechai Mekbungwan; Kanchana Kanchanasut

2011-01-01

10

Groupware: Improving Group Communication and Information Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faced with increased public expectations and decreased funding, the Hawaii Department of Education chose Lotus Notes groupware technology as an efficient means to support statewide collaboration and information dissemination among 4,200 users in 231 schools. Although initially resistant, respondents to a year-end evaluation of the project in one…

Saka, Thomas; Shiigi, Clyde

1996-01-01

11

Systematically disseminating technological information to potential users  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rapid technological information dissemination system related to the field of remote sensing is presented. The technology transfer staff systematically designed instructional materials and activities using the matrix as an organizer to meet the need of the students, scientists and users in a rapidly expanding technology.

Russell, J. D.

1976-01-01

12

Variable-resolution information dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of information dissemina- tion in wireless ad-hoc networks. Capacity constraints and the varying needs of applications lead to the need for delivering data at varying resolutions as a func- tion of distance. We introduce a primitive, which we call visibility, to quantify the variable-resolution re- quirement. We design and analyze new variable res- olution multicast algorithms

Arpita Ghosh; Dan Greene; Qingfeng Huang; Juan Liu

2005-01-01

13

Strategies for Production and Dissemination of CAI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Individualization Project at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) was organized on a cooperative basis with a federal agency and several community colleges. The main design goals were to produce needed courseware, move smoothly from research and development to a production mode of operation, and to emphasize dissemination of…

Olivier, W. P.; Scott, G. F.

14

Information, Vol. 1, Number 4. Teacher Corps Dissemination Project Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines are provided for disseminating information on teacher corps projects. Information is given on experienced disseminators such as existing networks that are available to help in planning. Suggestions are made on targeting information and marketing. (JD)

Rosenau, Fred S., Ed.

15

Geothermal Information Dissemination and Outreach  

SciTech Connect

Project Purpose To enhance technological and topical information transfer in support of industry and government efforts to increase geothermal energy use in the United States (power production, direct use, and geothermal groundsource heat pumps). Project Work GRC 2003 Annual Meeting. The GRC convened the meeting on Oct. 12-15, 2003, at Morelia's Centro de Convenciones y ExpoCentro in Mexico under the theme, International Collaboration for Geothermal Energy in the Americas. The event was also sponsored by the Comision Federal de Electricidad. ~600 participants from more than 20 countries attended the event. The GRC convened a Development of Geothermal Projects Workshop and Geothermal Exploration Techniques Workshop. GRC Field Trips included Los Azufres and Paricutin Volcano on Oct. 11. The Geothermal Energy Association (Washington, DC) staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Annual Meeting Opening Session was convened on Oct. 13, and included the governor of Michoacan, the Mexico Assistant Secretary of Energy, CFE Geothermal Division Director, DOE Geothermal Program Manager, and private sector representatives. The 2003 Annual Meeting attracted 160 papers for oral and poster presentations. GRC 2004. Under the theme, Geothermal - The Reliable Renewable, the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting convened on Aug. 29-Sept. 1, 2004, at the Hyatt Grand Champions Resort at Indian Wells, CA. Estimated total attendance (including Trade Show personnel, guests and accompanying persons) was ~700. The event included a workshop, Geothermal Production Well Pump Installation, Operation and Maintenance. Field trips went to Coso/Mammoth and Imperial Valley/Salton Sea geothermal fields. The event Opening Session featured speakers from the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the private sector. The Geothermal Energy Association staged its Geothermal Energy Trade Show. The Geothermal Education Office staged its Geothermal Energy Workshop. Several local radio and TV station interviews were conducted during the event. Technical Program included 136 technical papers. All were published in Volume 28 of the GRC Transactions. Volume 28, GRC Transactions Pblished as a high-quality, durable casebound volume, Volume 28 of the Transactions published 119 out of 136 technical papers (692 pp) presented at the GRC 2004 Annual Meeting. The papers were submitted by geothermal experts and professionals from around the world. The papers were reviewed over a 2-day period by 25 volunteer (in-kind) geothermal experts from the private sector and DOE National Laboratories. GRC staff received and cataloged the papers, and maintained interaction with authors for revisions and corrections. DOE Geothermal Technologies Newsletter The Office of Geothermal Technologies quarterly newsletter, Geothermal Technologies, is produced at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This 2-color, 4- to 16-page newsletter summarizes federal geothermal research and development projects and other DOE geothermal news. The GRC receives newsletter disk copy and color-key proof from NREL for each newsletter, then follows through with print production and distribution. Circulation is 1,000 per issue (plus 300 copies of the newsletter shipped to NREL for internal and public distribution). During the project period, the GRC printed, stitched and bound the Geothermal Technologies newsletter into the Sept/Oct 2003, Jan/Feb 2004, and May/June 2004 editions of the GRC Bulletin. Multiple copies (300) of the newsletter sans magazine were provided to NREL for internal DOE distribution. GRC Geothermal Research Library The GRC has built the largest and most comprehensive library in the world devoted to geothermal energy. The GRC Geothermal Library provides rapid accessibility to the majority of technical literature crafted over the past 30 years, and preserves hard copy and on-line databases for future use by geothermal researchers and developers. A bibliography for over half of the physical library's citations is available through keyword search on the GRC web site (www.geothe

Ted J. Clutter, Geothermal Resources Council Executive Director

2005-02-18

16

Geothermal Energy Information Dissemination and Outreach  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to continue on-going work by the Geo-Heat Center to develop and disseminate information; provide educational materials; develop short courses and workshops; maintain a comprehensive geothermal resource database; respond to inquiries from the public, industry and government; provide engineering, economic and environmental information and analysis on geothermal technology to potential users and developers; and provide information on market opportunities for geothermal development. These efforts are directed towards increasing the utilization of geothermal energy in the US and developing countries, by means of electric power generation and direct-use.

Dr. John W. Lund

2005-12-31

17

Improvement of Dissemination Delivery Strategies: Developing the State Consultant Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the rationale and design of the State consultant Model developed for the six state northwest region of Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington for the dissemination of educational research information and other resource...

V. L. Thompson

1980-01-01

18

Rapid weather information dissemination in Florida  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of the Florida Agricultural Services and Technology (FAST) plan to provide ports for users to call for weather information is described. FAST is based on the Satellite Frost Forecast System, which makes a broad base of weather data available to its users. The methods used for acquisition and dissemination of data from various networks under the FAST plan are examined. The system provides color coded IR or thermal maps, precipitation maps, and textural forecast information. A diagram of the system is provided.

Martsolf, J. D.; Heinemann, P. H.; Gerber, J. F.; Crosby, F. L.; Smith, D. L.

1984-01-01

19

Hydrogen Technical Analysis -- Dissemination of Information  

SciTech Connect

SENTECH is a small energy and environmental consulting firm providing technical, analytical, and communications solutions to technology management issues. The activities proposed by SENTECH focused on gathering and developing communications materials and information, and various dissemination activities to present the benefits of hydrogen energy to a broad audience while at the same time establishing permanent communications channels to enable continued two-way dialog with these audiences in future years. Effective communications and information dissemination is critical to the acceptance of new technology. Hydrogen technologies face the additional challenge of safety preconceptions formed primarily as a result of the crash of the Hindenburg. Effective communications play a key role in all aspects of human interaction, and will help to overcome the perceptual barriers, whether of safety, economics, or benefits. As originally proposed SENTECH identified three distinct information dissemination activities to address three distinct but important audiences; these formed the basis for the task structure used in phases 1 and 2. The tasks were: (1) Print information--Brochures that target the certain segment of the population and will be distributed via relevant technical conferences and traditional distribution channels. (2) Face-to-face meetings--With industries identified to have a stake in hydrogen energy. The three industry audiences are architect/engineering firms, renewable energy firms, and energy companies that have not made a commitment to hydrogen (3) Educational Forums--The final audience is students--the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. SENTECH will expand on its previous educational work in this area. The communications activities proposed by SENTECH and completed as a result of this cooperative agreement was designed to compliment the research and development work funded by the DOE by presenting the technical achievements and validations of hydrogen energy technologies to non-traditional audiences. These activities were also designed to raise the visibility of the DOE Hydrogen Program to new audiences and to help the program continue to advance its mission and vision. We believe that the work conducted under this cooperative agreement was successful at meeting the objectives presented and funded over the period of performance. During Phase 1, SENTECHs activities resulted in the development and distribution of two glossy brochures that target the on-site distributed generation and public transit markets for hydrogen energy technologies; face-to-face industry outreach meetings with various firms with an interest in hydrogen energy, but who may not have made a commitment to be involved; and implementation of two educational forums on hydrogen for students - the future engineers, technicians, and energy consumers. The educational forums were conducted with in-kind cost-shared contributions from NHA and Dr. Robert Reeves, Professor Emeritus, Rensealler During Phase 2, SENTECH activities initially were focused on the development of additional brochures and the development of a series of training modules. This set of information dissemination activities built on the experience demonstrated in our phase one activities, and focused the effort within two critical issue areas facing the development of hydrogen as an energy carrier--effective communications and information dissemination on codes and standards. SENTECH joined with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) to scope out the training modules and identified a series of 12 that could be used to train a variety of audiences. The NFPA is an international nonprofit corporation, which has developed a reputation as a worldwide leader in providing fire, electrical, and life safety to the public since 1896. Its membership totals more than 75,000 individuals from around the world and in more than 80 national trade and professional organizations.

George Kervitsky, Jr.

2006-03-20

20

Information dissemination in self-organizing intervehicle networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intervehicle communication (IVC) is an emerging topic in research and application that is getting increasing attention from all major car manufacturers. In this paper, a novel method for scalable information dissemination in highly mobile ad hoc networks is proposed: segment-oriented data abstraction and dissemination (SODAD). With SODAD, information can be distributed in an information range multiple orders of magnitude larger

Lars Wischhof; André Ebner; Hermann Rohling

2005-01-01

21

Dissemination of information for investors at corporate Web sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

We extend the limited prior research on Internet financial reporting by providing insights into dissemination of two types of financial information at corporate Web sites. One type consists of reports that already have been filed with the SEC (i.e. required filings). The second type is all other (voluntary) information for investors. In doing so we investigate whether Web-based dissemination of

Michael Ettredge; Vernon J. Richardson; Susan Scholz

2002-01-01

22

Dissemination strategy for immunizing scale-free networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the problem of distributing a vaccine for immunizing a scale-free network against a given virus or worm. We introduce a method, based on vaccine dissemination, that seems to reflect more accurately what is expected to occur in real-world networks. Also, since the dissemination is performed using only local information, the method can be easily employed in practice. Using a random-graph framework, we analyze our method both mathematically and by means of simulations. We demonstrate its efficacy regarding the trade-off between the expected number of nodes that receive the vaccine and the network’s resulting vulnerability to develop an epidemic as the virus or worm attempts to infect one of its nodes. For some scenarios, the method is seen to render the network practically invulnerable to attacks while requiring only a small fraction of the nodes to receive the vaccine.

Stauffer, Alexandre O.; Barbosa, Valmir C.

2006-11-01

23

Veiled viral marketing: disseminating information on stigmatized illnesses via social networking sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace offer new ways of encouraging healthy behavior by leveraging existing social relationships, particularly among young adults. However, spreading information through social networks can be sensitive and problematic when the content relates to stigmatized illnesses. This paper proposes a novel strategy, Veiled Viral Marketing, which uses social networking sites to anonymously disseminate information

Derek L. Hansen; Christianne Johnson

2012-01-01

24

Annotated Bibliography Information Dissemination to Health Care Practitioners and Policymakers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The annotated bibliography contains selected literature from diffusion of innovations and disseminating information to health care practitioners and policymakers. For the most part, the references in the bibliography are from 1980 to the present. Some ear...

1992-01-01

25

Dissemination of AGARD Information and Publications in the Netherlands.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The system for disseminating AGARD information as it is developed in the Netherlands, is of course entirely based on local requirements and local circumstances. The Netherlands have the advantage that all aerospace activities are located fairly closely to...

1966-01-01

26

Proceedings: Panel on Information Dissemination for Wind Energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A program for coordinating and strengthening technical information activities related to the commercialization of solar energy research and development results is described. The program contains a project for each of the following technologies: biomass; ocean thermal energy conversion; photovoltaics; solar thermal power; and wind energy conversion systems. In addition to the production and dissemination of several types of information materials, the wind energy project aims to support efforts of others in the field. The meeting is the first attempt to acquaint people with the information activities of others, to discuss information needs as an aid to planning, and to promote cooperation in disseminating information on wind energy.

Weis, P.

1980-04-01

27

Inter-vehicle communications: assessing information dissemination under safety constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal of inter-vehicle communication technologies is to provide each vehicle with the required information about its surrounding in order to assist the driver avoiding potential dangers. The required information level, or awareness, can be achieved by the exchange of periodic status messages (beacons) among neighboring vehicles together with the quick dissemination of information about potential hazards. In previous

Marc Torrent-Moreno

2007-01-01

28

Evaluating information assurance strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information revolution has provided new and improved capabilities to rapidly disseminate and employ information in decision-making. Enhancing and enabling for today's modern industry, these capabilities are critical to our national infrastructures. These capabilities, however, often rely upon systems interconnected throughout the world, resulting in potentially increased vulnerability to attack and compromise of data by globally dispersed threats.This paper develops

J. Todd Hamill; Richard F. Deckro; Jack M. Kloeber Jr.

2005-01-01

29

Electronic Dissemination of UN Agency Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights information, available electronically, about products and services by the United Nations (UN), UN Development Programme, High Commission for Refugees, UNICEF, Fund for Population Activities, Economic Commissions, Industrial Development Organization, International Labor Organization, UNESCO, Environment Program, World Meteorological…

Stratford, Jean Slemmons; Stratford, Juri

1997-01-01

30

Proceedings: panel on information dissemination for wind energy  

SciTech Connect

This meeting was called as part of a multi-year planning effort. Groups involved in the production and/or dissemination of information on wind energy were invited to describe their current activities and their perceptions of the needs of the 80's in this area. Participants exchanged copies of materials they distribute regularly and discussed frequently asked questions.

Weis, P. [ed.

1980-04-01

31

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2013-07-01

32

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Dissemination of criminal history record information. 20.33 Section...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a)...

2010-07-01

33

Adaptive protocols for information dissemination in wireless sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a family of adaptive protocols, called SPIN (Sensor Protocols for Information via Negotia- tion), that efficiently disseminates information among sen- sors in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network. Nodes running a SPIN communication protocol name their data us- ing high-level data descriptors, called meta-data. They use meta-data negotiations to eliminate the transmission of re- dundant data

Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman; Joanna Kulik; Hari Balakrishnan

1999-01-01

34

Information Security Best Practice Dissemination: The ISA-EUNET Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

: The rising deployment of mission-critical systems over public data networks isprompting enterprises of all types and sizes to re-examine their approachtowards the security of their information technology systems. We present ISAEUNET,an integrated approach comprising security technology awareness,support, education, training, and dissemination aiming towards the diffusion ofsecurity and safety know-how to SMEs. The main technological drivers behindthe SMEs\\

Diomidis Spinellis

1999-01-01

35

Disseminating African Women’s Information on the Internet: issues and constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The choice of media for dissemination of information on women depends on the type of information to be disseminated, the target audience, expected feedback, urgency and availability of various media. In Africa, the Internet is not the most easily accessible medium for dissemination of information for the majority of women, yet it is the fastest and relatively inexpensive. African women

Buhle Mbambo

1999-01-01

36

A strategy for electronic dissemination of NASA Langley technical publications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To demonstrate NASA Langley Research Center's relevance and to transfer technology to external customers in a timely and efficient manner, Langley has formed a working group to study and recommend a course of action for the electronic dissemination of technical reports (EDTR). The working group identified electronic report requirements (e.g., accessibility, file format, search requirements) of customers in U.S. industry through numerous site visits and personal contacts. Internal surveys were also used to determine commonalities in document preparation methods. From these surveys, a set of requirements for an electronic dissemination system was developed. Two candidate systems were identified and evaluated against the set of requirements: the Full-Text Electronic Documents System (FEDS), which is a full-text retrieval system based on the commercial document management package Interleaf, and the Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS), which is a Langley-developed system based on the publicly available World Wide Web (WWW) software system. Factors that led to the selection of LTRS as the vehicle for electronic dissemination included searching and viewing capability, current system operability, and client software availability for multiple platforms at no cost to industry. This report includes the survey results, evaluations, a description of the LTRS architecture, recommended policy statement, and suggestions for future implementations.

Roper, Donna G.; Mccaskill, Mary K.; Holland, Scott D.; Walsh, Joanne L.; Nelson, Michael L.; Adkins, Susan L.; Ambur, Manjula Y.; Campbell, Bryan A.

1994-01-01

37

Epilepsy Abstracts: Its Role in Disseminating Scientific Information  

PubMed Central

The Epilepsy Information Program in the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, established as a consequence of recommendations of the Public Health Service Advisory Committee on the Epilepsies, launched its first issue of Epilepsy Abstracts in November 1967. Epilepsy Abstracts (EA) is but one service of the Program which was designed to serve as the national focal point for the collection, analysis, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information relating to the epilepsies. The main objective is to stimulate research activity in this area. The eventual aim of EA is worldwide literature coverage in the field of epilepsy with minimum time lag between the publication of an article in a primary journal and the appearance of its abstract and indexing information in EA. Each issue of EA includes computer-generated subject and author indexes. The tape files are extremely versatile, allowing for maximum usage to meet many needs. Potential uses for the material in the master file include custom made publications, selective annotated bibliographies, selective dissemination of information (SDI) and retrospective search services.

Caponio, J. F.; Penry, J. K.; Goode, D. J.

1970-01-01

38

Information Dissemination Analysis of Different Media towards the Application for Disaster Pre-Warning  

PubMed Central

Knowing the information dissemination mechanisms of different media and having an efficient information dissemination plan for disaster pre-warning plays a very important role in reducing losses and ensuring the safety of human beings. In this paper we established models of information dissemination for six typical information media, including short message service (SMS), microblogs, news portals, cell phones, television, and oral communication. Then, the information dissemination capability of each medium concerning individuals of different ages, genders, and residential areas was simulated, and the dissemination characteristics were studied. Finally, radar graphs were used to illustrate comprehensive assessments of the six media; these graphs show directly the information dissemination characteristics of all media. The models and the results are essential for improving the efficiency of information dissemination for the purpose of disaster pre-warning and for formulating emergency plans which help to reduce the possibility of injuries, deaths and other losses in a disaster.

Zhang, Nan; Huang, Hong; Su, Boni; Zhao, Jinlong; Zhang, Bo

2014-01-01

39

Developing an Information Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of an information strategy is to highlight the extent to which a modern, complex organization depends on information, in all of its guises, and to consider how this strategic asset should be managed. This dependency has always been present and nowhere more so than in universities, whose very purpose is built around information and its…

Hanson, Terry

2011-01-01

40

Communications Related to Weather Information Handling and Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the tasking contained in the Statement of Work and describes the results of the project. In addition, it addresses the principles, procedures, and methods of application that would be generally applicable to using the results of the project. NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is involved in the Aviation Weather Information (AWIN) Program, which has a goal of reducing the aircraft accident rate, by a factor of five within 10 years and by a factor of 10 within 20 years. GRC's effort concentrates on the communications means needed to disseminate effective weather data. GRC's focus in on developing new technologies and techniques to support the digital communication of weather information between airborne and ground-based users.

Dhas, Chris

2000-01-01

41

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2013-07-01

42

Dissemination of health information through social networks: Twitter and antibiotics  

PubMed Central

Background This study reviewed Twitter status updates mentioning “antibiotic(s)” to determine overarching categories and explore evidence of misunderstanding or misuse of antibiotics. Methods One thousand Twitter status updates mentioning antibiotic(s) were randomly selected for content analysis and categorization. To explore cases of potential misunderstanding or misuse, these status updates were mined for co-occurrence of the following terms: “cold + antibiotic(s),” “extra antibiotic(s),” “flu + antibiotic(s),” “leftover antibiotic(s),” and “share antibiotic(s)” and reviewed to confirm evidence of misuse or misunderstanding. Results Of the 1,000 status updates, 971 were categorized into 11 groups: General Use (n=289), Advice/Information (n=157), Side Effects/Negative Reactions (n=113), Diagnosis (n=102), Resistance (n=92), Misunderstanding and/or Misuse (n=55), Positive Reactions (n=48), Animals (n=46), Other (n=42), Wanting/Needing (n=19), and Cost (n=8). Cases of misunderstanding or abuse were identified for the following combinations: “flu + antibiotic(s)” (n=345), “cold + antibiotic(s)” (n=302), “leftover antibiotic(s)” (n=23), “share antibiotic(s)” (n=10), and “extra antibiotic(s)” (n=7). Conclusions Social media sites offer means of health information sharing. Further study is warranted to explore how such networks may provide a venue to identify misuse or misunderstanding of antibiotics, promote positive behavior change, disseminate valid information, and explore how such tools can be used to gather real-time health data.

Scanfeld, Vanessa; Larson, Elaine L.

2010-01-01

43

Role Models in Science - An Effective Dissemination Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the outreach efforts of the MAARBLE (Monitoring, Analyzing and Assessing Radiation Belt Loss and Energization) project, intended to provide the general public with simplified information concerning the scientific objectives of the project and its expected outcomes, to strengthen their understanding of space science, as well as to engage and inspire the next generation of scientists. MAARBLE involves monitoring of the geospace environment through space and ground-based observations, in order to understand various aspects of the radiation belts, an important element of the space weather system, which have direct impact on human endeavors in space (spacecraft and astronauts exposure). The public outreach website of MAARBLE, besides instructive text and regular updates with relevant news, also employs a variety of multimedia (image and video galleries) and characteristic sounds of space related to very low and ultra low frequency (VLF/ULF) electromagnetic waves. It also provides links to some of the most interesting relevant educational activities, including those at partner institutions such as the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics at UCLA, the University of Alberta, the Swedish Institute of Space Physics and the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. We will focus on a specific activity: "Interviewing a MAARBLE Scientist", which enriches and broadens the scope of the MAARBLE outreach website. The profile of a MAARBLE scientist appears every month through an inspired interview, the scientists relating to the public their real stories, aspirations and endeavors. The intimacy of this approach is very effective in catching the attention of an otherwise indifferent public, and to inspire young people to pursue science careers by identifying themselves with "real" scientists. We cover one interview per month, featuring either a high-profile scientist from each partner institute, or a young researcher on a successful career path to both act as role model and to show the challenges that young scientists are facing today. The work leading to this paper has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-SPACE-2011-1) under grant agreement no. 284520 for the MAARBLE (Monitoring, Analyzing and Assessing Radiation Belt Energization and Loss) collaborative research project. This paper reflects only the authors' views and the Union is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

Chatzichristou, Eleni; Daglis, Ioannis A.; Anastasiadis, Anastasios; Balasis, George; Bourdarie, Sebastien; Horne, Richard B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri; Mann, Ian R.; Santolik, Ondrej; Turner, Drew L.; Giannakis, Omiros; Ropokis, George

2014-05-01

44

"SDI--Where are We? The Challenge of the Future." The Information Dissemination Center View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The historical and current status of information dissemination centers and the problem of user interface are reviewed. During the past decade, the problems of technical data processing have been conquered; information dissemination has evolved from a loosely knit group of experimental centers to an organization of established centers, many…

Carmon, James L.

45

The Development of Project Information Packages for the Dissemination of Effective Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dissemination to schools of information about effective projects has been inadequate to bring about widespread replications. The purpose of this research was to test the feasibility of Project Information Packages (PIPs) as a means of widespread dissemination of effective programs. The study assumed that a project could be packaged with…

Foat, Classie M.; And Others

46

Dissemination of weather information to emergency managers: a decision support tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1992, the Dissemination Project has been conducting experiments at the Forecast Systems Laboratory in Boulder, CO, USA, to determine the use of advanced meteorological information by local government operations. Local emergency preparedness agencies (involving sheriff and police departments) can gain great benefit from appropriate information about weather hazards. The Dissemination Project employs a workstation specially designed to focus on

Chandran Subramaniam; Stephan Kerpedjiev

1998-01-01

47

Improving the Dissemination of Scientific and Technical Information: A Practitioner's Guide to Innovation. (Final Report).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this guide is to alert persons with an operational interest in scientific communication to new ideas, techniques, and equipment in the field of communication media and publications. The focus is on the dissemination of scientific information via the technical journal or its equivalent. Secondary dissemination of information such as…

Capital Systems Group, Inc., Rockville, MD.

48

Disseminating EarthScope science and discoveries through informal venues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EarthScope is a decade-long experiment to understand the formation, structure, and evolution of the North American continent. EarthScope’s education and outreach mission is to ensure the EarthScope experiment creates as its legacy a public more knowledgeable and understanding of the scientific and societal contributions made by the EarthScope experiment and Earth science. It will fulfill this commitment by developing and disseminating products that utilize the data, models, technology and discoveries of EarthScope. EarthScope’s Education and Outreach Network (EON) will carry out formal and informal educational activities in museums and parks, schools and colleges. Parks provide unique environments for students of all ages to participate in geologic exploration of the continent. Museums provide avenues for both informal and formal education programs that focus on the discoveries made during the experiment. EON will also provide a wide range of outreach activities from organizing town halls or other local meetings in advance of an instrument deployment, to developing radio, print, video and web materials that inform the public about the EarthScope experiment and discoveries. The scale and duration of the EarthScope experiment make it ideal as the focus of a sustained and comprehensive education and outreach effort and also present challenges for implementation. Deployment of a rolling grid of seismometers, and flexible arrays of seismic and GPS instruments for specific research targets will bring EarthScope activities to nearly every state and county in the nation. Corresponding education and outreach opportunities will arise naturally as EarthScope instruments are deployed. A major challenge will be in recruiting and training a cadre of scientists interested and capable of contributing to EON. Partnerships with existing education and outreach programs will help us expand the pool of scientists trained to work with the public, capitalize on the expertise within the geophysics education community, and leverage our efforts.

Hall-Wallace, M.; Wallace, T.

2003-04-01

49

Information Dissemination for Better Health in Africa with Particular Reference to Namibia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes activities of the Commonwealth Regional Health Community Secretariat/Namibia Dissemination Center, at the University of Namibia, which was identified as a partner institution to serve in the Secretariat's information dissemination network in reproductive and health and nutrition programs. The University of Namibia Library has modern…

Jalloh, Brimah

1998-01-01

50

Microfiche for Technical Information Dissemination: A Cost-Benefit Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper introduces the concept of Book Fiche, a microfiche form which provides up to 390 pages on a single 4 X 6 inch film sheet, and its application to the reproduction and distribution of technical documents. A cost comparison is made between conventional printing and distribution techniques, and microfiche dissemination utilizing…

Teplitz, Arthur

51

Selective Dissemination of Information: Review of Selected Systems and a Design for Army Technical Libraries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents an analysis of over eighteen small, intermediate, and large-scale systems for the selective dissemination of information (SDI). Systems are compared and analyzed with respect to design criteria and the following ten system parameters:...

W. A. Bivona E. J. Goldblum

1966-01-01

52

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2009-07-01

53

29 CFR 1960.12 - Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Dissemination of occupational safety and health program information...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND...

2010-07-01

54

28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record] [Sec. 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.] 28 JUDICIAL...Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Sec. 20.33...

2009-07-01

55

Efficient dissemination method for traffic jams information sharing based on inter-vehicle communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an Intelligent Transport System (ITS), data dissemination based on inter-vehicle communication is effective for acquiring real-time traffic jams information. In this paper, we propose a novel method for traffic jams information dissemination in vehicular ad-hoc networks. In our proposed method, vehicles already trapped in a traffic jams elect leaders according to their locations from upstream and downstream respectively. Then,

Hyeong-Jun Chang; Hwan-Joo Kwak; Gwi-Tae Park

2009-01-01

56

Inferring strategies for disseminating physical activity policies, programs, and practices from the successes of tobacco control.  

PubMed

Efforts at reducing tobacco use in the United States and Canada over the last half century have been amazingly successful. This article examines those efforts in order to identify policies, programs, and practices found useful in tobacco control that might be usefully disseminated to world populations to improve rates of physical activity. Tobacco-control activities began with efforts to influence the individual smoker through public education and counter-advertising. Increasing awareness of the addictive properties of tobacco, industry efforts to manipulate those properties, and to target youth with aggressive advertising, fueled public outrage that supported additional policy changes to include community interventions, legal actions, and restraints against the tobacco industry. The article first examines ways to view the process of transferring knowledge from one enterprise (reducing tobacco consumption) to another (increasing physical activity). Several theories of knowledge generalization and dissemination are explored: transfer, knowledge utilization, application, diffusion, and implementation. The second section identifies the dissemination of tobacco control by means of brief health behavior-change interventions for smoking cessation that have been successfully integrated into primary clinical care. The question of whether similar strategies can be successfully disseminated to increase physical activity is examined in detail. The article then moves on to look at the success of arguably the most successful program in the world at achieving a reduction in tobacco control-the State of California. Finally, we compare and contrast some of the lessons as they have played out in another national context-Canada. In the concluding section, some lessons are identified that we believe may be successfully utilized in societal attempts to increase physical activity in world populations. PMID:16979471

Green, Lawrence W; Orleans, C Tracy; Ottoson, Judith M; Cameron, Roy; Pierce, John P; Bettinghaus, Erwin P

2006-10-01

57

Disseminating Landslide Hazard Information for California Local Government  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1969, the California Geological Survey has produced numerous maps showing landslide features and delineating potential slope-stability problem areas. These maps have been provided to local governments to encourage consideration of landslide hazards in planning and development decisions. Maps produced from 1986 through 1995 under the Landslide Hazard Mapping Act were advisory only, and their use by local government was never consistent. By contrast, maps of Zones of Required Investigation for seismically induced landslides produced under the Seismic Hazard Zoning Act since 1997 come with detailed guidelines and legal requirements. A legislative act that required landslide hazards be mapped and hazard maps disseminated to local government proved ineffective in landslide hazard mitigation. A later act with requirements that the hazard zone maps be used by local government proved more effective. Planning scenarios have proven to be an effective way of transmitting scientific information about natural hazards to emergency response professionals. Numerous earthquake planning scenarios have been prepared and used as the basis for emergency response exercises. An advantage of scenarios that include loss estimates is that the effects can be put in units of measure that everyone understands, principally deaths and dollars. HAZUS software available from FEMA allows calculation of losses for earthquake scenarios, but similar methods for landslides have not been developed. As part of the USGS Multi-Hazard Demonstration Project, we have estimated the landslide losses for a major west-coast winter storm scenario by developing a system based loosely on HAZUS. Data on landslide damage in past storms has been sparse and inconsistent, but a few data sets are available. The most detailed and complete available data on landslide damage was gathered by the City of Los Angeles following the 1978 storms. We extrapolate from that data to the entire state by first generalizing a landslide susceptibility map to give a single value of susceptibility for each census tract. We then calculated the loss ratio, the cost of landslide damage from the 1978 storms divided by the value of light wood frame structures in the census tract. The comparison suggests three general categories of damage: tracts with low landslide susceptibility have no landslide damage: tracts with moderate susceptibility have loss ratios of about 0.016%: and tracts with high susceptibility have loss ratios of 0.096%. Using these values, the susceptibility map becomes a landslide loss ratio map for the average storm intensity and landslide vulnerability of Los Angeles in 1978. Generalization to other storm intensities uses differences in storm intensity and landslide damage data from the 1982 storm in the Bay Area. In Santa Cruz County, that storm had a recurrence interval of over 100 years, and over 3 times the damage as our projection from the 1978 data. In Sonoma County, that storm had a recurrence interval of only 10 years and damage that was only 2% of our projection. If a relationship between storm intensity and the projections from the 1978 Los Angeles data can be developed, we may be able to estimate landslide losses for any projected storm intensity.

Wills, C. J.

2010-12-01

58

GoDisco: Selective Gossip Based Dissemination of Information in Social Community Based Overlays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose and investigate a gossip based, social principles and behavior inspired decentralized mechanism (GoDisco) to disseminate information in online social community networks, using exclusively social links and exploiting semantic context to keep the dissemination process selective to relevant nodes. Such a designed dissemination scheme using gossiping over a egocentric social network is unique and is arguably a concept whose time has arrived, emulating word of mouth behavior and can have interesting applications like probabilistic publish/subscribe, decentralized recommendation and contextual advertisement systems, to name a few. Simulation based experiments show that despite using only local knowledge and contacts, the system has good global coverage and behavior.

Datta, Anwitaman; Sharma, Rajesh

59

Communication and Dissemination Strategies to Facilitate the Use of Health-Related Evidence. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment, Number 213.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This review examined how to best communicate and disseminate evidence, including uncertain evidence, to inform health care decisions. The review focused on three primary objectives comparing the effectiveness of: (1) communicating evidence in various cont...

C. L. Melvin L. McCormack M. Lewis S. Sheridan V. Boudewyns

2013-01-01

60

A Plan For a Publication Network For Rapid Dissemination of Technical Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an alternative to current information dissemination systems (letter journals), computerized information systems, and clearinghouse operations) that would establish a network of depositories at universities and research organizations. The essence of the approach is to provide convenient access to working papers and technical…

MacLachlan, James

61

The Effectiveness of Three Media in Disseminating Basic Information to Low Income Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to measure the effectiveness of information leaflets, circular letters, and cartoon booklets in disseminating basic foods and nutrition information to low-income homemakers, a sample of 700 North Carolina homemakers involved in the Expanded Foods and Nutrition Education Program sponsored by the Agricultural Extension Service was divided…

Trent, Curtis; Kinlaw, Rachel

62

Energy Efficient Information Dissemination in Ad Hoc Networks Utilizing Bi-orthogonal Signaling  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we leverage bi-orthogonal signaling by using a time slot dependent identification scheme that enables energy efficient information dissemination, independent of the network topology. The ap- proach, although motivated by cooperative modulation schemes that re- quire information to be dispersed to other nodes within a wireless ad hoc network, can be applied directly to wired networks. As a

C. M. Okino; Esther H. Jennings

2002-01-01

63

Enhancing Industry-based Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program with Theory-based Strategies Employing Personal Contact  

PubMed Central

Purpose Industry-based strategies for dissemination of an evidence-based occupational sun protection program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), were tested. Design Two dissemination strategies were compared in a randomized trial in 2004 – 2007. Setting The North American ski industry. Subjects Ski areas in the United States and Canada (n=69) and their senior managers (n=469). Intervention Employers received GSS through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) from the industry’s professional association which included conference presentations and free starter kits. Half of the areas also received the Enhanced Dissemination Strategy (EDS), in which project staff met face-to-face with managers and made ongoing contacts to support program use. Measures Observation of program materials in use and managers’ reports on communication about sun protection. Analysis The effects of two alternative dissemination strategies were compared on program use using PROC MIXED in SAS, adjusted for covariates using 1-tailed p-values. Results Ski areas receiving the EDS used more GSS materials (M=7.36) than those receiving the BDS (M=5.17; F=7.82, p<.01). Managers from more areas receiving the EDS reported communicating about sun protection in employee newsletters/flyers (M=0.97, p=.04), in guest email messages (M=0.75, p=.02), and on ski area websites (M=0.38, p=.02) than those receiving the BDS (M=0.84, 0.50, 0.15, respectively). Conclusion Industry professional associations play an important role in disseminating prevention programs; however, active personal communication may be essential to ensure increased implementation fidelity.

Buller, David B.; Andersen, Peter A.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Scott, Michael D.; Cutter, Gary R.; Dignan, Mark B.; Kane, Ilima L.; Zhang, Xiao

2012-01-01

64

Blogs and Military Information Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article explores the possibility of incorporating blogs and blogging into military information strategy, primarily as a tool for influence. Towards that end, the authors examine the value of blogs as targets of and/or platforms for military influence...

D. E. Denning J. B. Kinniburgh

2006-01-01

65

A randomized trial of three marketing strategies to disseminate a screening and brief alcohol intervention programme to general practitioners.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Research findings are of little benefit to patients or society if they do not reach the audience they are intended to influence. A dissemination strategy is needed to target new findings at its user group and encourage a process of consideration and adoption or rejection. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different marketing strategies for the dissemination of a screening and brief alcohol intervention (SBI) programme to general practitioners (GPs). METHOD: Seven hundred and twenty-nine GPs, one per practice, from the former Northern and Yorkshire Regional Health Authority were randomly assigned to one of three marketing strategies: postal marketing (mailing a promotional brochure to GPs), telemarketing (following a script to market the programme over the telephone), and personal marketing (following the same script during face-to-face marketing at GPs' practices). GPs who took up the programme were asked if they would agree to use it. Outcome measures included the proportions of GPs who took up the programme and agreement to use it. RESULTS: Of the 614 GPs eligible for the study, 321 (52%) took the programme. There was a significant difference in the proportions of GPs from the three marketing strategies who took the programme (82% telemarketing, 68% personal marketing, and 22% postal marketing). Of the 315 GPs who took the programme and were eligible to use it, 128 (41%) agreed to use the programme for three months. GPs in the postal marketing group were more likely to agree to use the programme (55% postal marketing, 44% personal marketing, and 34% telemarketing). Personal marketing was the most effective overall dissemination strategy; however, economic analysis revealed that telemarketing was the most cost-effective strategy. Costs for dissemination per GP were: 13 Pounds telemarketing, 15 Pounds postal marketing, and 88 Pounds personal marketing. CONCLUSION: Telemarketing appeared to be the most cost-effective strategy for dissemination of SBI to GPs.

Lock, C A; Kaner, E F; Heather, N; McAvoy, B R; Gilvarry, E

1999-01-01

66

Development of a Database for Effective Dissemination of Nutrition Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1990, the Nutrition Information Service at the USDA\\/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center (CNRC\\/NIS) has been translating nutrition research findings into information consumers can use to improve the dietary patterns and health of children. This presentation highlights the process used by the CNRC\\/ NIS in the development of the Nutrition Information Database (NID). This database is a resource for devel9ping

D. Demory-Luce; J. Carter; B. Gorham; J. Hopkinson; K. Konzelmann

1999-01-01

67

State of the Art in Selective Dissemination of Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper condenses the results of a detailed survey of 100 SDI systems throughout the world, conducted this year by the American Society for Information Science. The text develops the concept of SDI as a computerized method to provide for the effective flow of technical information among scientific workers. The current status of SDI in university, industrial, and government environments

Edward M. Housman; Elaine D. Kaskela

1970-01-01

68

New Directions in Federal Information Policy and Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews proposed legislation of the 101st Congress and discusses other factors that contribute to the national information policy. Highlights include federal information sources in electronic format; the Paperwork Reduction Act; legislation for the development of a National Research and Education Network (NREN); and the role of the Government…

Snowhill, Lucia; Meszaros, Rosemary

1990-01-01

69

Broadcast media and the dissemination of weather information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Although television is the public's most preferred source of weather information, it fails to provide weather reports to those groups who seek the information early in the day and during the day. The result is that many people most often use radio as a source of information, yet preferring the medium of television. The public actively seeks weather information from both radio and TV stations, usually seeking information on current conditions and short range forecasts. forecasts. Nearly all broadcast stations surveyed were eager to air severe weather bulletins quickly and often. Interest in Nowcasting was high among radio and TV broadcasters, with a significant portion indicating a willingness to pay something for the service. However, interest among TV stations in increasing the number of daily reports was small.

Byrnes, J.

1973-01-01

70

Community Based Approach to Wind Energy Information Dissemination  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Department of Energy's grant was to transfer to New Mexico and Utah a national award-winning market-based strategy to aggregate demand for wind energy. Their experiences over the past few years in New Mexico and utah have been quite different. In both states they have developed stronger relationships with utilities and policymakers which will increase the effectiveness of the future advocacy efforts.

Innis, S.

2003-09-26

71

SIDECACHE: Information access, management and dissemination framework for web services  

PubMed Central

Background Many bioinformatics algorithms and data sets are deployed using web services so that the results can be explored via the Internet and easily integrated into other tools and services. These services often include data from other sites that is accessed either dynamically or through file downloads. Developers of these services face several problems because of the dynamic nature of the information from the upstream services. Many publicly available repositories of bioinformatics data frequently update their information. When such an update occurs, the developers of the downstream service may also need to update. For file downloads, this process is typically performed manually followed by web service restart. Requests for information obtained by dynamic access of upstream sources is sometimes subject to rate restrictions. Findings SideCache provides a framework for deploying web services that integrate information extracted from other databases and from web sources that are periodically updated. This situation occurs frequently in biotechnology where new information is being continuously generated and the latest information is important. SideCache provides several types of services including proxy access and rate control, local caching, and automatic web service updating. Conclusions We have used the SideCache framework to automate the deployment and updating of a number of bioinformatics web services and tools that extract information from remote primary sources such as NCBI, NCIBI, and Ensembl. The SideCache framework also has been used to share research results through the use of a SideCache derived web service.

2011-01-01

72

A Comparison of Nine Strategies for Disseminating a Counseling Program for Re-entry Women. Special Interest Paper No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined nine strategies for disseminating "The New Occupational Student: Mature Adult Woman," a counseling program for re-entry women at thirty-nine two-year colleges in New York State. The major purpose was to determine whether there was a particular service or combination of services that was most conducive to the implementation of the…

Chitayat, Deanna; And Others

73

Using Interest-Aware Probabilistic for Leisure Information Dissemination in VANETs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vehicle-to-vehicle communication and probabilistic broadcast are important means for information dissemination in vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs). In contrast to static ad-hoc networks, high-speed mobility makes wireless connection between two vehicles intermittent. Nevertheless, some kinds of information do not rely on continuous connection for transmission. An important fact is that numerous vehicles ¡¥desire¡¦ to have such information as safety-related data and

Sheng-Tzong Cheng; Jian-Pan Li

2012-01-01

74

Standardization in scientific and technological information in dissemination phase  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a record of a keynote lecture at a symposium held in celebration of the 15th anniversary of the enactment of SIST. The paper describes the basic idea for the standardization in information that is diversified and numerous by its nature, should be the standardization of methods, thus leaving room for originality in contents. The object and degree and the tools for the standardization are also described. The activities for standardization in information and documentation in Japan as well as international efforts made by ISO and insufficient responses for those by Japan is summarized and the author offers some proposals for the future standardization in Japan.

Nakamura, Yukio

75

The Dissemination of Federal Government Information: Prospects for the Immediate Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Government Printing Office (GPO) is undertaking a study to "identify measures necessary for a successful transition to a more electronic Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP)." The ability of the GPO to secure agency dissemination of electronic information through the FDLP and the willingness of depository libraries to remain in the…

Cornwell, Gary T.

1996-01-01

76

The potential benefit of improving the dissemination of agricultural weather information to the Mississippi cotton farmer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. The potential benefit of improved dissemination of weather information to the Mississippi cotton farmer was estimated at $36,000 per 1000 acres. This is 16% of production cost of cotton in 1976. On a statewide basis, the total potential savings exceeds 100 million dollars.

Priddy, K. T.; Marlatt, W. E. (principal investigators)

1978-01-01

77

Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination Program annual report for fiscal year 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) Research and Public Information Dissemination (RAPID) Program was authorized by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 as a near-term effort to expand and accelerate the research needed to address the EMF issue. As required b...

1997-01-01

78

A Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome extranet: supporting local communication and information dissemination  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this study was to explore the use and perceptions of a local Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Extranet and its potential to support future information and communication applications. The SARS Extranet was a single, managed electronic and limited access system to manage local, provincial and other SARS control information. Methods During July, 2003, a web-based and paper-based survey was conducted with 53 SARS Steering Committee members in Hamilton. It assessed the use and perceptions of the Extranet that had been built to support the committee during the SARS outbreak. Before distribution, the survey was user-tested based on a think-aloud protocol, and revisions were made. Quantitative and qualitative questions were asked related to frequency of use of the Extranet, perceived overall usefulness of the resource, rationale for use, potential barriers, strengths and limitations, and potential future uses of the Extranet. Results The response rate was 69.4% (n = 34). Of all respondents, 30 (88.2%) reported that they had visited the site, and rated it highly overall (mean = 4.0; 1 = low to 5 = high). However, the site was rated 3.4 compared with other communications strategies used during the outbreak. Almost half of all respondents (44.1%) visited the site at least once every few days. The two most common reasons the 30 respondents visited the Extranet were to access SARS Steering Committee minutes (63.3%) and to access Hamilton medical advisories (53.3%). The most commonly cited potential future uses for the Extranet were the sending of private emails to public health experts (63.3%), and surveillance (63.3%). No one encountered personal barriers in his or her use of the site, but several mentioned that time and duplication of email information were challenges. Conclusion Despite higher rankings of various communication strategies during the SARS outbreak, such as email, meetings, teleconferences, and other web sites, users generally perceived a local Extranet as a useful support for the dissemination of local information during public health emergencies.

Valaitis, Ruta K; Akhtar-Danesh, Noori; Kealey, Cathy M; Brunetti, Glenn M; Thomas, Helen

2005-01-01

79

The AVO Website - a Comprehensive Tool for Information Management and Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) website serves as a primary information management, browsing, and dissemination tool. It is database-driven, thus easy to maintain and update. There are two different, yet fully integrated parts of the website. An external site (www.avo.alaska.edu) allows the general public to track eruptive activity by viewing the latest photographs, webcam images, seismic data, and official information

S. Snedigar; C. Cameron; C. J. Nye

2008-01-01

80

Negotiation-Based Protocols for Disseminating Information in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a family of adaptive protocols, called SPIN (Sensor Protocols for Information via Negotiation), that efficiently disseminate information among sensors in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network. Nodes running a SPIN communication protocol name their data using high-level data descriptors, called meta-data. They use meta-data negotiations to eliminate the transmission of redundant data throughout the network. In

Joanna Kulik; Wendi Rabiner Heinzelman; Hari Balakrishnan

2002-01-01

81

Dynamics of rumor-like information dissemination in complex networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An important dynamic process that takes place in complex networks is the spreading of information via rumor-like mechanisms. In addition to their relevance to propagation of rumors and fads in human society, such mechanism are also the basis of an important class of collective communication protocols in complex computer networks, such as the Internet and the peer-to-peer systems. In this talk we present results of our analytical, numerical and large-scale Monte Carlo simulation studies of this process on several classes of complex networks, including random graphs, scale-free networks, and random and small-world topological graphs. Our studies point out to important differences between the dynamics of rumor spreading and that of virus spreading in such networks, and provide new insights into the complex interplay between the spreading phenomena and network topology.

Nekovee, Maziar; Moreno, Yamir; Bianconi, Ginestra

2005-03-01

82

Collection and Dissemination of Volcanic Hazard Information for Emergency Managers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the companion AGU special session in 2000, we predicted a significant future increase in the use of volcanic hazard information by emergency managers, such as the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). Improvements in digital elevation models for volcanoes, the understanding of plume eruption dynamics, lava flow emplacement, and dome growth would all contribute to more accurate estimations of the likely damage and area affected. Automated "event detection algorithms" based on remote monitoring sensors, and on more frequent high resolution satellite coverage, were expected to provide quantitative data that would be distributed to the disaster management community via user-interactive web pages tailored to their geographic region of interest and the on-going style of volcanism. This year's activity at Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano highlighted the need for a wide diversity of remote sensing capabilities around the world. It became clear that airline officials and trans-Atlantic flyers required detailed regional information that was often unavailable from the suite of orbital sensors. Contrast this with the wealth of orbital data, from more than a dozen different spacecraft, that was collected daily over the Gulf Oil Spill in mid-2010, and used for near real-time deployment of ships and coastal crews dealing with the event. So what has limited the use of remote sensing data for volcano hazard assessment? There have been some remote sensing successes. The on-going eruption of Halema'uma'u has prompted the development of an array of FLYSPEC SO2 measurement instruments that will be deployed downwind of the vent in order to provide better monitoring and prediction of hazardous conditions for the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This array will provide high resolution, real-time measurement of SO2 flux from the vent during the daylight hours. However, this is a ground-based capability, rather than orbital. One of the inhibitors to the current collection of timely space-based information for volcano hazard monitoring is the lack of sensors tailored to volcanic applications. Agencies such as NASA and ESA have long-term plans for large platforms which serve multiple communities, or propose one-off missions that meet the highest Earth science requirements for climate change research. One solution that might appear in the up-coming decade (2011 - 2020) is the utilization of smaller satellites costing <$20M per launch including the costs of the rocket. Sensors currently being developed that might meet this need include new hyperspectral visible, near-infrared and thermal-infrared imagers that would facilitate more accurate lava flow and dome temperature determinations. Clusters of 3 - 6 similar satellites could also be flown, reducing the site revisit time from weeks (i.e., comparable to Landsat) to about a day or less. We will therefore evaluate the opportunities provided by small satellite missions that may be flown between now and 2020.

Mouginis-Mark, P. J.; Horton, K. A.; Garbeil, H.

2010-12-01

83

Strategies for Effective Dissemination of the Outcomes of Teaching and Learning Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an empirical study that addresses the question of how higher education institutions can disseminate effectively the outcomes of projects that seek to achieve large-scale change in teaching and learning. Traditionally, dissemination of innovation and good practice is strongly advocated within universities, but little…

Southwell, Deborah; Gannaway, Deanne; Orrell, Janice; Chalmers, Denise; Abraham, Catherine

2010-01-01

84

Stage 2--Information Seeking Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief overview of one Big6 stage by Mike Eisenberg, followed by articles by two exemplary Big6 teachers, Barbara Jansen and Rob Darrow, offering practical uses of the Big6 in elementary and secondary situations is presented. The two-part nature of information seeking strategies that includes brainstorming and choosing is emphasized.

Elsenberg, Michael B.

2005-01-01

85

Technical Assistance and Information Dissemination Efforts at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technical assistance and information dissemination performed by EG and G Idaho's Hydrothermal Commercialization Division (now Geothermal Program Office) at the INEL during FY-80 are described. Requests for technical information increased by one-third over...

W. J. Toth I. A. Engen F. L. Meltzer

1980-01-01

86

The BLISS cluster randomised controlled trial of the effect of 'active dissemination of information' on standards of care for premature babies in England (BEADI) study protocol [ISRCTN89683698  

PubMed Central

Background Gaps between research knowledge and practice have been consistently reported. Traditional ways of communicating information have limited impact on practice changes. Strategies to disseminate information need to be more interactive and based on techniques reported in systematic reviews of implementation of changes. There is a need for clarification as to which dissemination strategies work best to translate evidence into practice in neonatal units across England. The objective of this trial is to assess whether an innovative active strategy for the dissemination of neonatal research findings, recommendations, and national neonatal guidelines is more likely to lead to changes in policy and practice than the traditional (more passive) forms of dissemination in England. Methods/design Cluster randomised controlled trial of all neonatal units in England (randomised by hospital, n = 182 and stratified by neonatal regional networks and neonatal units level of care) to assess the relative effectiveness of active dissemination strategies on changes in local policies and practices. Participants will be mainly consultant lead clinicians in each unit. The intervention will be multifaceted using: audit and feedback; educational meetings for local staff (evidence-based lectures on selected topics, interactive workshop to examine current practice and draw up plans for change); and quality improvement and organisational changes methods. Policies and practice outcomes for the babies involved will be collected before and after the intervention. Outcomes will assess all premature babies born in England during a three month period for timing of surfactant administration at birth, temperature control at birth, and resuscitation team (qualification and numbers) present at birth. Trial registration Current controlled trials ISRCTN89683698

Acolet, Dominique; Jelphs, Kim; Davidson, Deborah; Peck, Edward; Clemens, Felicity; Houston, Rosie; Weindling, Michael; Lavis, John; Elbourne, Diana

2007-01-01

87

Towards an Informed Mexican and Mexican-American Citizenry: Bridging the Gap to Increase Human Capacity and Information Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research translation and community outreach goal of The University of Arizona's (UA) Superfund Basic Research Program and U.S.-Mexico Binational Center for Environmental Sciences and Toxicology is to increase human capacity and information dissemination to diverse stakeholders, including federal, state, and local government agencies as well as northern Mexican and border community stakeholders. Due to Arizona's demographic characteristics and the

M. D. Ramirez; D. M. Ramirez

2008-01-01

88

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A conference was held at MSFC in May 1992 describing the research achievements of the NASA-wide research and technology programs dealing with advanced oxygen/hydrogen and oxygen/hydrocarbon earth-to-orbit propulsion. The purpose of this conference was to provide a forum for the timely dissemination to the propulsion community of the results emerging from this program with particular emphasis on the transfer of information from the scientific/research to the designer.

Wu, S. T.

1993-05-01

89

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this period of performance a conference (The 1994 Conference on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology) was organized and implemented by the University of Alabama in Huntsville and held May 15-17 to assemble and disseminate the current information on Advanced Earth-to-Orbit Propulsion Technology. The results were assembled for publication as NASA-CP-3282, Volume 1 and 2 and NASA-CP-3287.

Wu, S. T.

1995-01-01

90

Appropriate Technology Small Grants Program: marketing and information dissemination analysis. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The project files for 207 grants from the US Department of Energy's Appropriate Technology (AT) Small Grants Program in the Mid-Atlantic Region were examined to determine what information might be available for public dissemination to facilitate commercialization of the technologies involved. Sources of informational, financial and commercialization assistance were compiled to assist grantees in the further development and commercialization of their work. An analysis of the possible markets for AT projects was undertaken to determine the financial, informational, and energy needs and requirements of various market segments.

Not Available

1984-10-17

91

System-wide adoption of health promotion practices by schools: evaluation of a telephone and mail-based dissemination strategy in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Schools can potentially benefit from system-wide approaches to the dissemination of health promotion practices. This intervention study undertaken in the Hunter Region of NSW, Australia, used a pre-post design to assess whether a phone and mail intervention dissemination strategy was associated with an increase in the proportion of 218 primary schools undertaking eight health promo- tion practices. Health promotion

ELIZABETH JOHNSTONE; JENNY KNIGHT; KAREN GILLHAM; ELIZABETH CAMPBELL; CRAIG NICHOLAS; JOHN WIGGERS

2006-01-01

92

Nature-Inspired Dissemination of Information in P2P Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After having first been used as a means to publish content, the Web is now widely used as a social tool for sharing information. It is an easy task to subscribe to a social network, join one of the Web-based communities according to some personal interests and start to share content with all the people who do the same. It is easy once you solve two basic problems: select the network to join (go to hi5, facebook, myspace,…? join all of them?) and find/pick up the right communities (i.e., find a strict label to match non-strict centers of interest). An error of appreciation would result in getting too much of useless/non-relevant information. This chapter provides a study on the dissemination of information within groups of people and aim at answering one question: can we find an effortless way of sharing information on the Web? Ideally, such a solution would require neither the definition of a profile nor the selection of communities to join. Publishing information should also not be the result of an active decision but be performed in an automatic way. A nature-inspired framework is introduced as an answer to this question. This framework features artificial ants taking care of the dissemination of information items within the network. Centers of interest of the users are reflected by artificial pheromones laid down on connections between peers. Another part of the framework uses those pheromone trails to detect shared interests and creates communities.

Guéret, Christophe

93

Environmental and policy approaches to increasing physical activity: improving access to places for physical activity and dissemination of information.  

PubMed

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program funded 40 communities in the United States during 1999–2007. Three of these communities implemented interventions to increase physical activity among African Americans. This case study looks at these interventions and the evidence-based recommendations from the CDC's Community Guide for Preventive Services. These recommendations address creating or improving access to physical activity and the dissemination of information via media campaigns. Findings suggest that although the evidence could not be applied in every respect, culturally-tailored change strategies can meet unique characteristics of African Americans with or at risk for heart disease and may contribute to increased physical activity. PMID:21721300

Howell, Shawna L; Tucker, Pattie; Liburd, Leandris

2011-03-01

94

What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of the Media in Disseminating Health Information?  

PubMed Central

Background to the debate: In December 2004 three news stories in the popular press suggested that the side effects of single-dose nevirapine, which has been proven to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, had been covered up. Many HIV experts believed that the stories were unwarranted and that they would undermine use of the drug, leading to a rise in neonatal HIV infection. The controversy surrounding these stories prompted the PLoS Medicine editors to ask health journalists, and others with an interest in media reporting of health, to share their views on the roles and responsibilities of the media in disseminating health information.

2005-01-01

95

Disseminating Maternal Health Information to Rural Women: A User Centered Design Framework  

PubMed Central

The delivery of primary health information to rural women is a considerable challenge for government and private sectors in rural India. This paper illustrates how by applying the proposed user centered framework dissemination of maternal health information to rural women can be improved. First, the paper presents baseline study to obtain existing knowledge level of women and design requirements for a Primary Health Information System (PHIS). Second, the paper presents a brief description of the PHIS system which was deployed in a village for sixteen months in rural India. Third, the paper explains longitudinal study conducted post intervention of PHIS to measure the impact of PHIS on the knowledge level and health behaviour of rural women in comparison to the baseline study. The results indicate that by following the proposed user centered approach to design the PHIS, a significant improvement in knowledge level of rural women and positive changes in health practices are achieved.

Parmar, Vikram

2010-01-01

96

An empirical study of the financial information disseminated on the internet and the perceived usefulness for shareholders and regulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of Internet Financial Reporting (IFR) to users is discussed in various research studies. Size, profitability, foreign listing and industry types are some of the determinants to disseminate more financial and nonfinancial information on the internet. However, the evidence of the usefulness of such information is inadequate. This study tries to identify the perceived usefulness of statutory, voluntary information

Ramaiyer Subramanian; John B. Raja

2010-01-01

97

National Security Strategy and Information Warfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines how the National Security Strategy (NSS) and its new subcomponent, the National Security Science and Technology Strategy (NSSTS) address Information Warfare. The Executive Branch has put the Department of Defense (DoD) on the front lin...

S. Klinefelter

1997-01-01

98

Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries and the United States Patent and Trademark Office: A Model for Information Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the network of Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries (PTDLs), a collaborative partnership with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for disseminating patent and trademark information in every state plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Typical information sources and services provided at PTDLs are…

Jenda, Claudine Arnold

2005-01-01

99

Evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines  

PubMed Central

Background Few validated guidelines exist for developing messages in health promotion practice. In clinical practice, the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research, and Evaluation II (AGREE II) Instrument is the international gold standard for guideline assessment, development, and reporting. In a case study format, this paper describes the application of the AGREE II principles to guide the development of health promotion guidelines for constructing messages to supplement the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines (CPAG) released in 2011. Methods The AGREE II items were modified to suit the objectives of developing messages that (1) clarify key components of the new CPAG and (2) motivate Canadians to meet the CPAG. The adapted AGREE II Instrument was used as a systematic guide for the recommendation development process. Over a two-day meeting, five workgroups (one for each CPAG – child, youth, adult, older adult – and one overarching group) of five to six experts (including behavior change, messaging, and exercise physiology researchers, key stakeholders, and end users) reviewed and discussed evidence for creating and targeting messages to supplement the new CPAG. Recommendations were summarized and reviewed by workgroup experts. The recommendations were pilot tested among end users and then finalized by the workgroup. Results The AGREE II was a useful tool in guiding the development of evidence-based specific recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages that supplement and increase awareness of the new CPAG (child, youth, adults, and older adults). The process also led to the development of sample messages and provision of a rationale alongside the recommendations. Conclusions To our knowledge, these are the first set of evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing physical activity guidelines. This project also represents the first application of international standards for guideline development (i.e., AGREE II) to the creation of practical recommendations specifically aimed to inform health promotion and public health practice. The messaging recommendations have the potential to increase the public health impact of evidence-based guidelines.

2013-01-01

100

Coalition Warfare Program (CWP): secure policy controlled information query and dissemination over a Bices network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2006, the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) established a collaborative research alliance with academia and industry, called the International Technology Alliance (ITA) to address fundamental issues concerning Network and Information Sciences. Under the ITA research program, a US-UK transition project on "ITA Policy Controlled Information Query and Dissemination" was funded in 2011 by OSD's Coalition Warfare Program (CWP). The goal of this CWP project is to develop an extensible capability of performing distributed federated query and information dissemination across a coalition network of distributed disparate data/information sources with access­ controlled policies. The CWP project is lead by US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and UK Defence Science Technology Laboratory (Dstl) with software development by IBM UK and IBM US. The CWP project exploits two key technology components developed within the ITA, namely the Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms. The Gaian Database (GaianDB) is a Dynamic Distributed Federated Database (DDFD) that addresses a need to share information among coalition members by providing a means for policy-controlled access to data across a network of heterogeneous data sources. GaianDB implements a SQL-compliant Store-Locally-Query-Anywhere (SLQA) approach providing software applications with global access to data from any node in the database network via standard SQL queries. Security policy is stored locally and enforced at the database node level, reducing potential for unauthorized data access and waste of network bandwidth. A key metric of success for a CWP project is the transition of coalition-related technology from TRL-3 or 4 to TRL-6 or higher. Thus, the end goal of this CWP project was to demonstrate the GaianDB and policy technology within an operational environment at the NATO Intelligence Fusion Centre (NIFC) at Molesworth RAF. An initial demonstration of this technology in a 'stand alone' environment was undertaken at the NIFC in November 2011 using a data set comprised of 140,000 documents. Recently the system has been modified to include a secure authentication mechanism based on a Kerberos ticketing framework and this has now been integrated onto the NIFC Battlefield Information, Collection, and Exploitation System (BICES) network. In summary, the paper discusses the CWP project; the two key technologies (i.e., Gaian Database and integrated Access Policy Decision and Enforcement mechanisms) developed within the US UK ITA research program; how these have been integrated into the NIFC BICES; and future plans for the program.

Toth, Andrew; Pham, Tien; Karr, Todd; Bent, Graham; Harries, Dominic; Knox, Alan

2013-05-01

101

A National Strategy for the Information Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the value of information in American democracy, the evolution and current status of federal information policy, and the need for a national strategy to facilitate evolution toward an information society. Specific information policy goals and principles are identified, and suggestions for implementing policy formation are presented. (59…

Allen, Kenneth B.

1989-01-01

102

XML&CORBA-based distributed system for information integration and dissemination in multimedia neuroimaging applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medical information systems based in different hospital departments face tremendous difficulty in information exchange and dissemination due to the multitudes of hardware and software platforms running these systems. In this paper, we describe a distributed information system for integrating various hospital systems in supporting clinical neuroimaging research and epilepsy surgical planning. Our distributed information system uses a three-tiered architecture consists of a user-interface tier, application logic tier and data store tier. Two system implementations based on this software architecture but using different integration technologies were developed and are discussed in this paper: the XML (extensible Mark Up Language)-based implementation and the CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture)-based implementation. In the XML-based implementation, application logic tier communicates with user-interface tier and data store tier using HTTP and XML for data exchange. For the data exchange in CORBA-based implementation, the middleware uses IIOP (Internet inter-ORB protocol) to call CORBA objects in the data store tier then to return the results to the user-interface tier. For the user-interface tier of either implementation, the Web browsers are served as clients to invoke application components or agents in the middleware. The application of the proposed distributed system allows clinical users to access, search and retrieve the multimedia information in any underlying computer systems with commonly used Web browsers. Preliminary results show that the system is effective for information integration and data sharing among the different departmental systems in the hospital for neuroimaging applications.

Cao, Xinhua; Wong, Stephen T.; Hoo, Kent S.; Ching, Wan; Hawkins, Randall A.; Dillon, William P.

2002-05-01

103

Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices: Training and Consultation as Implementation Strategies  

PubMed Central

To provide effective treatment for individuals with mental health needs, there is a movement to deploy evidence-based practices (EBPs) developed in research settings into community settings. Training clinicians in EBPs is often used as the primary implementation strategy in these efforts, despite evidence suggesting that training alone does not change therapist behavior. A promising implementation strategy that can be combined with training is consultation, or ongoing support. This paper reviews the literature on consultation following initial training. A model of consultation is presented as well as preliminary findings regarding effective consultation techniques. Future directions are offered.

Edmunds, Julie M.; Beidas, Rinad S.; Kendall, Philip C.

2013-01-01

104

Development and Evaluation of a Large-Scale System for Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI). Research and Development Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes a large-scale computerized system for Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) developed over the past five years at the U.S. Army Electronics Command to serve its technical personnel. The system, which uses as its document base the current accessions of the Defense Documentation Center, was developed in three phases: (1)…

Wixon, D. W.; Housman, E. M.

105

Improving the Dissemination of United States Government Information: The Report of the Public Printer's Sales Publications Pricing Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven issues were considered in study of Government Printing Office's Sales of Publications Program in areas such as pricing, marketing, program administration, and appeals of disputed prices. Sales Program study of documents pricing and government information dissemination proposes testing of alternative approaches to current pricing, increasing…

Foss, Stuart M.

1991-01-01

106

Implementation, Test and Evaluation of a Selective Dissemination System for NASA Scientific and Technical Information. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a large scale selective dissemination of information program, its experimental operation, and program evaluation is reported. An IBM 7090/94 computer program compared user interest profiles with the subject indexes of reports announced in "Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports." Users were provided with selected…

International Business Machines Corp., Yorktown Heights, NY.

107

Structural and Informal Knowledge Acquisition and Dissemination in Organizational Learning: An Exploratory Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The topic of organizational learning is populated with many theories and models; many relate to the enduring organizational learning framework consisting of knowledge acquisition, knowledge dissemination, and knowledge use. However, most of the research either emphasizes structural knowledge acquisition and dissemination as a composite…

Hoe, Siu Loon; McShane, Steven

2010-01-01

108

Naval Aviation Maintenance Office Information Strategy Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel, together with members of Naval Aviation Maintenance Office (NAMO), developed an Information Strategy Plan (ISP) using a combination of Information Engineering (IE) methodologies. The purpose of the ISP was to comprehensively and objectively analyze the information requirements of NAMO. The ISP activities began with structures interviews of the NAMO top level management to identify

P. J. Halsey; M. E. Busbee; L. M. Miller; J. W. Wills; S. D. Woods

1990-01-01

109

Engendering Climate Information Networks in Africa: Case Studies of Digital and FM Radio for Disseminating Disaster Early Warnings to Women and Youth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines the effectiveness of FM and digital radio in disseminating weather and climate information to remote rural populations in Niger and Uganda. In Niger, poor communications infrastructure necessitated the establishment of a basic radio system as a first step towards disseminating climate information. Dissemination via digital radio is limited, in this context, by lack of technical support and the difficulty of maintaining computer equipment in the hot and dusty climate. Community FM stations have supported a range of mitigation activities that reduced vulnerability in all sites studied. Digital radio proved a more effective tool for disseminating climate information in Uganda, where technical knowledge is more prevalent and infrastructure networks are stronger. The primary challenge in Uganda lies in maintaining equipment in remote locations and disseminating information to a wider audience by linking with FM radio. Climate and weather information is already demonstrating positive impacts on agricultural production in Uganda, health and civil society in Niger, and on vulnerability reduction in both countries. Radio,particularly FM, was an excellent medium for disseminating information to women, youth, and other hard to reach populations. Discussion will focus on recommendations for improving the effectiveness of both systems and for practically linking FM and digital dissemination systems for better communication of climate information. Implications of the case studies will also be discussed in the context of digital and FM radio as media for disseminating other types of scientific information.

Stewart, M. M.; Pratt, M.

2002-05-01

110

Pricing of Information: A Model for Selective Dissemination of Information Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The pressures of limited budgets and of increased competition for use of funds are forcing information centers and libraries to reassess their financial underpinnings. A modified descriptive model from the field of industrial organization was applied to p...

H. W. Zais

1975-01-01

111

Dissemination Strategies: The Evolution of Learning Resources on the Evaluation of Delirium, Dementia, and Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinicians experience great pressures to provide timely, effective, and evidence-based medical care. Educators can aid these clinicians through the development of new tools that can facilitate timely completion of clinical tasks. These tools should summarize evidence-based information in a convenient format that allows easy use. This article…

Horvath, Kathy J.; Tumosa, Nina; Thielke, Stephen; Moorer, Julie; Huh, Terri; Cooley, Susan; Craft, Suzanne; Burns, Theressa

2011-01-01

112

48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

2010-10-01

113

48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

2011-10-01

114

48 CFR 1252.242-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

2011-10-01

115

48 CFR 3052.235-70 - Dissemination of information-educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...contract) research results in professional journals, books, trade publications, or other appropriate media (a thesis or collection of theses should not be used to distribute results because dissemination will not be sufficiently widespread)....

2010-10-01

116

Visual Information Strategies in Mental Model Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how visual information strategies may be used to facilitate the development of mental models. Topics covered include: definition of mental models; mental models and visual information; mental modeling concepts; power of modeling, including examples related to physical science, mathematics, writing, and depth of processing;…

Renk, Jeffrey M.; And Others

117

Naval Aviation Maintenance Office Information Strategy Plan  

SciTech Connect

Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel, together with members of Naval Aviation Maintenance Office (NAMO), developed an Information Strategy Plan (ISP) using a combination of Information Engineering (IE) methodologies. The purpose of the ISP was to comprehensively and objectively analyze the information requirements of NAMO. The ISP activities began with structures interviews of the NAMO top level management to identify the information needs and functions crucial to the NAMO organization. Joint Applications Design (JAD) sessions were held with functional experts to further enhance what was learned during the interview cycle. The information gathered through interviews, JAD sessions, and survey of the current systems was used to develop the Strategic Plan and the deliverables of an ISP: the Information Architecture, Business Systems Architecture, and Technical Architecture. These architectures are detailed, along with the major findings, recommendations, strategies, and plans for implementing further stages of IE. 72 figs.

Halsey, P.J.; Busbee, M.E.; Miller, L.M.; Wills, J.W.; Woods, S.D.

1990-06-01

118

Autonomous Gossiping: A Self-Organizing Epidemic Algorithm for Selective Information Dissemination in Wireless Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce autonomous gossiping (A\\/G), a new genre epidemic algorithm for selective dissemination of information in contrast to previous usage of epidemic algorithms which flood the whole network. A\\/G is a paradigm which suits well in a mobile ad-hoc networking (MANET) environment because it does not require any infrastructure or middleware like multicast tree and (un)subscription maintenance for publish\\/subscribe, but

Anwitaman Datta; Silvia Quarteroni; Karl Aberer

2004-01-01

119

Baca Data Dissemination Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the Baca Geothermal Demonstration Power Plant Cooperative Agreement, large amounts of data are to be organized and disseminated to the public. The purpose of the Baca Data Dissemination Program is to link the project data sources to a potentially broad spectrum of information users. Major sources of project data include the power plant, the production system, and all associated

P. B. Sherwood; M. A. Marquis

1980-01-01

120

Towards an Informed Mexican and Mexican-American Citizenry: Bridging the Gap to Increase Human Capacity and Information Dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research translation and community outreach goal of The University of Arizona's (UA) Superfund Basic Research Program and U.S.-Mexico Binational Center for Environmental Sciences and Toxicology is to increase human capacity and information dissemination to diverse stakeholders, including federal, state, and local government agencies as well as northern Mexican and border community stakeholders. Due to Arizona's demographic characteristics and the UA's proximity to the U.S. - Mexico border, activities target primarily Mexican and Mexican-American populations. With this in mind, a model has been established that pulls from human capital, community-based participatory research and public participation theories. The theories applied to our target population have resulted in the creation of a successful model that is used in both research translation and community outreach work. The model contains four components: community needs (participation), science translation (information), engagement (outreach), and training (education). Examples of how this model operates for various stakeholders involved in environmental science and health issues will be discussed. A case in point of how this model has been applied effectively is the partnership with promotoras (community health advocates) to do environmental science and health trainings to increase the knowledge base of specific populations disproportionately exposed to contaminants of concern. Additional case studies and methodologies used to develop innovative communicative tools (that takes into consideration cultural idiosyncrasies) for stakeholders at all levels in Arizona, the border, and Mexico will be highlighted, such as: 1) information sheets regarding local environmental issues for communities neighboring contaminated sites, 2) SciTransfer Bulletins targeting professional level stakeholders such as Project Managers, Community Involvement Coordinators and the general public, 3) coordinating technical and scientific workshops in the U.S and Mexico and 4) participating in local community events. Lessons learned and knowledge gained in the past three years will also be presented.

Ramirez, M. D.; Ramirez, D. M.

2008-12-01

121

Selective Dissemination of Information (Sdi). Volume I. Pilot Test at U.S. Army Natick Laboratories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the results of a nine-month test of a prototype SDI system developed for Army Technical Libraries. During the pilot test, one thousand documents were cataloged and indexed and disseminated to twenty-five scientific and technical person...

W. A. Bivona

1967-01-01

122

Information Dissemination Project for the NHCoA Network: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the project was to disseminate a Training Manual produced as part of an Administration on Aging (AoA) funded project entitled 'A Community Based Intergenerational Approach to Improving the Well Being of Vulnerable Hispanic Elderly'. The Tra...

1994-01-01

123

Title 44 and Federal Information Dissemination--A Technology and Policy Challenge for Congress: A Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the impact of technological change on those chapters of Title 44 of the "United States Code" that provide the statutory framework for the Government Printing Office, including document sales and depository library distribution. It is argued that legislative action is urgently needed to resolve dissemination issues and to set the…

Wood, Fred B.

1990-01-01

124

Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating road hazard information using road side infrastructures in VANETs.  

PubMed

This paper presents Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating information about fixed road hazards such as road blocks, tree fall, boulders on road, snow pile up, landslide, road maintenance work and other obstacles to the vehicles approaching the hazardous location. The proposed work focuses on dissemination of hazard messages on highways with sparse traffic. The vehicle coming across the hazard would report the presence of the hazard. It is proposed to use Road Side fixed infrastructure Units for reliable and timely delivery of hazard messages to vehicles. The vehicles can then take appropriate safety action to avoid the hazardous location. The proposed protocol has been implemented and tested using SUMO simulator to generate road traffic and NS 2.33 network simulator to analyze the performance of DHRP. The performance of the proposed protocol was also compared with simple flooding protocol and the results are presented. PMID:24834371

Berlin, M A; Anand, Sheila

2014-01-01

125

Utilizing Information for Developing Corporate Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We now enter the era that Japanese enterprises have to make own decision on what they should do next as action leaders, since the time was over that they proceeded with their R & D just by following and learning lessons of success and failure produced by U.S. industries. Under this era information has been carrying more weight on corporate strategy and it has become important issue to utilize information how efficiently and effectively as data for judging critical decision matters. Focusing on this issue the author proposes three measures, i.e. enforcement of information gathering capacity, gathering of farsighted information, information processing based on the experiences through studying abroad and practices, and indicates five ways of information utilization such as construction of information network and application of a company history.

Shiina, Takeshi

126

The role of the University of the West Indies Mona libraries in HIV/AIDS information access and dissemination.  

PubMed

The recommendations for controlling HIV/AIDS, whether prescriptive or descriptive, underscore the value of information: its translation into knowledge, and knowledge into behaviour. Thus, accessing, evaluating, disseminating and applying authoritative, credible and scholarly information on HIV/AIDS are critical elements in the control of this pandemic in the Web 2.0 era. The University of the West Indies (UWI) Mona libraries have embraced this information role. This article provides insights into three of the information initiatives implemented by the UWI Mona libraries in this important capacity. In this regard, it also provides ideas for other West Indian information units and enhances communication on access to information products and services, albeit incrementally, in an important area of health services for the West Indies. PMID:24756597

Harris, S

2013-01-01

127

Advanced Earth-to-orbit propulsion technology information, dissemination and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conference was held at MSFC in May 1992 describing the research achievements of the NASA-wide research and technology programs dealing with advanced oxygen\\/hydrogen and oxygen\\/hydrocarbon earth-to-orbit propulsion. The purpose of this conference was to provide a forum for the timely dissemination to the propulsion community of the results emerging from this program with particular emphasis on the transfer of

S. T. Wu

1993-01-01

128

Media Choice in Environmental Information Dissemination for Solid Waste Management among Policy Formulators and Implementors: A Case Study of Oyo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental information has been described as central to the issues of solid waste management and disposal. This study investigated the availability and accessibility of environmental information to the solid waste policy formulators and implementors with regard to the media/channels used for disseminating environmental information to the…

Akintola, B. A.; Temowo, O. O.; Ajiboye, J. O.

2009-01-01

129

Developing an information systems strategy for nursing.  

PubMed

With the rapidly changing health care environment and information technology advances, organizations need to engage in strategic, planned change in order to allocate limited resources, achieve the organization's goals, and fulfill its mission [1]. One of the most important aspects of the organization's planned strategies for change concerns the information systems. The involvement of the nursing department in this process is critical. This poster presentation will communicate how nurses can develop an information systems strategic plan that will enable them to play an active role as contributors and vital participants in the strategic and business planning processes for information systems. This information systems strategy for nursing will: a) provide direction and purpose, b) guide nursing in identifying the kinds of information technology needed, c) assist in timely implementation of a system that supports nursing, and d) identify desired outcomes and benefits of an information system. The nursing information systems plan must be built on, and support, the organization's mission and business plan and integrate into the over-all information systems plans [2]. Components of the nursing strategic plan include the nursing mission statement and vision, an assessment of the current environment to identify supporting technology needed to achieve the nursing vision, expectations/anticipated outcomes, environmental considerations, and special staffing/expertise considerations. The nursing vision and mission statement is an articulation of the overall direction and purpose of the nursing organization. An assessment of the nursing organization, problem areas, opportunities for growth, the physical environment, existing systems, communications requirements, and resources is carried out to help identify areas where new technologies and automated methods of managing information could be applied. Special staffing and expertise not currently available in the organization, but necessary to the successful implementation of the plan, should be identified, and plans for filling those needs should be included in the planning and prioritization process. Based on the mission and assessment findings, goals or anticipated outcomes are developed. These goals must be realistic, financially feasible, and logistically achievable; they should also provide direction for action and decision-making [3]. Measurable objectives and detailed action plans can then be developed from these goals when implementation of this aspect of the strategic plan is begun. It is especially important, even at a strategic planning level, to consider change management techniques, including specific steps to involve individuals who will be affected by the change and to ensure open communication throughout the process. Efforts to collaborate with all affected departments and to offer input and educational opportunities to the various members of the health care team should be included in the strategic plan. A business plan describing the mission, goals, and objectives for a specific system implementation is the final step in the strategic planning process. The business plan includes expected outcomes and cost justification and may be done in cooperation with other departments (in the organization) that will be involved with this system. The business plan is used to communicate the information system's needs to the administration and governing board of the organization. With a good information systems strategy, nursing will be prepared to make more timely and better informed decisions related to applying information technology within the nursing department. The end results of this planning should be evident in the improved utilization of information technology to support the nursing vision and mission. PMID:8591465

Callanan, K M; Hughes, S J

1995-01-01

130

Marketing: Exploring Applications for Educational Dissemination. Literature Synthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis of information about marketing and information dissemination of education-related products is divided into three parts: an overview of major writings, specific marketing strategies, and resources for further study. The first part opens with a definition of marketing as it relates to education. A review of the literature provides…

Reed, Linda

131

Computerized Documentation Service-SDI-Selective Dissemination of Information. Annual Report 1972-1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The activities of the Information and Documentation Center (IDC) at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden are presented in this annual report for the fiscal year 1972-1973. The IDC is a research project on computer-based information retrieval funded by the Swedish Council for Scientific Information and Documentation and the Office…

Gluchowicz, Zofia

132

[DECIDE: developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence].  

PubMed

Healthcare systems are offered with a wide range of technologies and services, but they have to cope with decreasing resources and the uncertainty about what is effective and more appropriate. Making decisions about health care interventions is complex. Decisions should be informed by the best available evidence, being comprehensive to take into account all the relevant aspects (e.g. efficacy, safety, equity, costs), and taken within a limited time period. DECIDE is a project funded by the European Community that, using the GRADE methodology, aims at implementing strategies to enhance dissemination and communication of scientific evidence to support on-time evidence-based decision making in clinical practice and healthcare policies. Communication strategies are developed in order to address different target audiences, trying to meet their information needs. One key target are policy makers and managers who are responsible for coverage decision making. PMID:24326703

Parmelli, Elena; Amato, Laura; Saitto, Carlo; Davoli, Marina

2013-10-01

133

The PartnerWeb Project: a component-based approach to enterprise-wide information integration and dissemination.  

PubMed Central

A component-based health information resource, delivered on an intranet and the Internet, utilizing World Wide Web (WWW) technology, has been built to meet the needs of a large integrated delivery network (IDN). Called PartnerWeb, this resource is intended to provide a variety of health care and reference information to both practitioners and consumers/patients. The initial target audience has been providers. Content management for the numerous departments, divisions, and other organizational entities within the IDN is accomplished by a distributed authoring and editing environment. Structured entry using a set of form tools into databases facilitates consistency of information presentation, while empowering designated authors and editors in the various entities to be responsible for their own materials, but not requiring them to be technically skilled. Each form tool manages an encapsulated component. The output of each component can be a dynamically generated display on WWW platforms, or an appropriate interface to other presentation environments. The PartnerWeb project lays the foundation for both an internal and external communication infrastructure for the enterprise that can facilitate information dissemination.

Karson, T. H.; Perkins, C.; Dixon, C.; Ehresman, J. P.; Mammone, G. L.; Sato, L.; Schaffer, J. L.; Greenes, R. A.

1997-01-01

134

Disruption-Tolerant Spatial Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial dissemination is a specific form of information dissemination that enables mobile users to send information to other mobile users who are or will appear at a specific location (a user-defined region). Such geo-messaging services are on the rise; they typically are built upon centralized solutions and require users to have reliable access to a stable backend infrastructure for storing

Bo Xing; Sharad Mehrotra; Nalini Venkatasubramanian

2010-01-01

135

General Data Dissemination System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Monetary Fund has created the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), a system of metadata collection intended to "guide countries in the provision to the public of comprehensive, timely, accessible, and reliable economic, financial, and socio-demographic data." This site offers information from and about the countries participating in the GDDS. The project's main goals include improving the creation of country information, as well as creating a standard for the dissemination of reliable, current, thorough, and accessible economic, socio-demographic, and financial information. The data on participating countries, which include Fiji, Albania, Uganda, and Kuwait, may be accessed through a menu system, by country and by topic. The site also contains a helpful guide to the General Data Dissemination System, as well as a What's New? section and a soon-to-be-added FAQ.

136

REGIONAL CENTER FOR COLLECTION, SYNTHESIS AND DISSEMINATION OF CAREER INFORMATION FOR SCHOOLS OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS REGIONAL CENTER IS TO DEVELOP AN EFFICIENT SYSTEM OF PROVIDING CAREER INFORMATION TO SAN DIEGO COUNTY SCHOOLS. SIX JUNIOR COLLEGES ARE PARTICIPATING IN THE PILOT PROJECT. THE PROGRAM IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PHASES. THE FIRST IS THE COLLECTION AND SYNTHESIS OF OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION BASED UPON STUDENT AND COUNSELOR PERCEPTIONS OF…

GERSTEIN, MARTIN; HOOVER, RICHARD

137

Case Report: Disseminating Drug Prescribing Information: The Cox2 Inhibitors Withdrawals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study examined the recent withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the timeliness of updates in commonly used information sources used by healthcare professionals. The method included assembling a purposive sample of 15 drug reference and warning systems that were then systematically monitored for several months after the withdrawal of valdecoxib to determine the time to update this information. These

Scott M. Strayer; David C. Slawson; Allen F. Shaughnessy

2006-01-01

138

Memorandum: "Cost Sharing" for the Dissemination of Government Information in Electronic Formats.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not legally permissible for depository libraries to impose user fees upon library patrons who want government information which is available in electronic format. Publishing federal agency is responsible for costs of furnishing access to the database, and Government Printing Office is obligated to pay the costs of conveying that information

Zagami, Anthony J.

1991-01-01

139

Web Cartography and the Dissemination of Cartographic Information about Coastal Inundation and Sea Level Rise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter examines the Web cartography used in the United States to help citizens and local officials plan for storm surge\\u000a and sea level rise — coastal hazards conveniently describedby hypothetical supplementary shorelines. Storm surge is addressed\\u000a principally by federal flood-insurance maps, now available over the Internet but severely encumbered by a 1970s strategy requiring\\u000a a huge number of large-scale

Mark Monmonier

140

Radio advertising information strategy: differences between services and products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses how basic differences between services and products may affect advertising strategy and tactics. Examines a large number of broadcast radio adverts to study the information strategy used in service and product advertisements. Posits that the information commonly used in adverts for services and products was found to differ sharply. Presents one rationale for these information differences using concepts from

Avery M. Abernethy; James I. Gray; Daniel D. Butler

1997-01-01

141

Present conditions on the dissemination of Japanese scientific and technical information to the U.S.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Present conditions concerning distribution of Japanese scientific and technical information to the U.S. are surveyed for promoting international distribution of it. The investigation, focusing on Japanese gray literature, is carried out into distribution to foreign countries, utilization/demand/difficulty to obtain in the U.S., and etc., through interviews and questionnaire surveys to researchers and librarians in Japan and the U.S. It is pointed out the needs to improve accessibility for Japanese technical reports, doctral dissertations, and technical bulletins/newsletters, and necessity to arrange conditions of distribution to the U.S. by increasing directory information and reducing language barrier between both countries.

Kimura, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Tomohiko

142

Disseminating Research Information to Multiple Stakeholders: Lessons from the Experience of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Department of Education (ED) is considering the development of a uniform dissemination system. One ED bureau, the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), is more closely tied to medical research and less involved with traditional education audiences, and lessons learned in its various dissemination activities…

Blasiotti, Ellen Liberti

1992-01-01

143

Hospital Dissemination of Information Resources on Intimate Partner Violence: Statewide Analysis of Texas Emergency Room Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. health care costs of Intimate partner violence (IPV) account for over $4 million each year, although only 600,000 of the 5 million estimated female IPV survivors seek medical treatment for their injuries. IPV survivors face a range of physical and mental health consequences while emergency department staff face difficult challenges providing information in situations fraught with tensions. This

Susan Megison; Lynn Westbrook

2009-01-01

144

The Alaska Volcano Observatory Website a Tool for Information Management and Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Alaska Volcano Observatory's (AVO's) website served as a primary information management tool during the 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano. The AVO website is dynamically generated from a database back- end. This system enabled AVO to quickly and easily update the website, and provide content based on user- queries to the database. During the Augustine eruption, the new AVO website

S. F. Snedigar; C. E. Cameron; C. J. Nye

2006-01-01

145

Dissemination of public health information: key tools utilised by the NECOBELAC network in Europe and Latin America  

PubMed Central

Background Open Access (OA) to scientific information is an important step forward in communication patterns, yet we still need to reinforce OA principles to promote a cultural change of traditional publishing practices. The advantages of free access to scientific information are even more evident in public health where knowledge is directly associated with human wellbeing. Objectives An OA ‘consolidation’ initiative in public health is presented to show how the involvement of people and institutions is fundamental to create awareness on OA and promote a cultural change. This initiative is developed within the project NEtwork of COllaboration Between Europe and Latin American Caribbean countries (NECOBELAC), financed by the European Commission. Methods Three actions are envisaged: Capacity building through a flexible and sustainable training programme on scientific writing and OA publishing; creation of training tools based on semantic web technologies; development of a network of supporting institutions. Results In 2010–2011, 23 training initiatives were performed involving 856 participants from 15 countries; topic maps on scientific publication and OA were produced; 195 institutions are included in the network. Conclusions Cultural change in scientific dissemination practices is a long process requiring a flexible approach and strong commitment by all stakeholders.

De Castro, Paola; Marsili, Daniela; Poltronieri, Elisabetta; Calderon, Carlos Agudelo

2012-01-01

146

The Alaska Volcano Observatory Website a Tool for Information Management and Dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Alaska Volcano Observatory's (AVO's) website served as a primary information management tool during the 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano. The AVO website is dynamically generated from a database back- end. This system enabled AVO to quickly and easily update the website, and provide content based on user- queries to the database. During the Augustine eruption, the new AVO website was heavily used by members of the public (up to 19 million hits per day), and this was largely because the AVO public pages were an excellent source of up-to-date information. There are two different, yet fully integrated parts of the website. An external, public site (www.avo.alaska.edu) allows the general public to track eruptive activity by viewing the latest photographs, webcam images, webicorder graphs, and official information releases about activity at the volcano, as well as maps, previous eruption information, bibliographies, and rich information about other Alaska volcanoes. The internal half of the website hosts diverse geophysical and geological data (as browse images) in a format equally accessible by AVO staff in different locations. In addition, an observation log allows users to enter information about anything from satellite passes to seismic activity to ash fall reports into a searchable database. The individual(s) on duty at the watch office use forms on the internal website to post a summary of the latest activity directly to the public website, ensuring that the public website is always up to date. The internal website also serves as a starting point for monitoring Alaska's volcanoes. AVO's extensive image database allows AVO personnel to upload many photos, diagrams, and videos which are then available to be browsed by anyone in the AVO community. Selected images are viewable from the public page. The primary webserver is housed at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and holds a MySQL database with over 200 tables and several thousand lines of php code gluing the database and website together. The database currently holds 95 GB of data. Webcam images and webicorder graphs are pulled from servers in Anchorage every few minutes. Other servers in Fairbanks generate earthquake location plots and spectrograms.

Snedigar, S. F.; Cameron, C. E.; Nye, C. J.

2006-12-01

147

A Qualitative Investigation of Practicing Psychologists' Attitudes Toward Research-Informed Practice: Implications for Dissemination Strategies  

PubMed Central

This article presents the results of a qualitative analysis of interviews with 25 psychologists in independent practice, investigating everyday treatment decisions and attitudes about treatment outcome research and empirically supported treatments (ESTs). Clinicians noted positive aspects about treatment outcome research, such as being interested in what works. However, they had misgivings about the application of controlled research findings to their practices, were skeptical about using manualized protocols, and expressed concern that nonpsychologists would use EST lists to dictate practice. Clinicians reported practicing in an eclectic framework, and many reported including cognitive-behavioral elements in their practice. To improve their practice, they reported valuing clinical experience, peer networks, practitioner-oriented books, and continuing education when it was not too basic. Time and financial barriers concerned nearly all participants. Clinicians suggested they might be interested in ESTs if they could integrate them into their current frameworks, and if resources for learning ESTs were improved.

Stewart, Rebecca E.; Stirman, Shannon Wiltsey; Chambless, Dianne L.

2012-01-01

148

Organizational Linkage and Information Dissemination: Strategies to Integrate the Substance Abuse and Disabilities Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews current activities in the fields of both substance abuse and disability, and discusses new efforts to take advantage of advances in electronic communications and systems change approaches. The work of federal agencies in these areas is highlighted, and linkages of these agencies with the private sector are advocated. (JPS)

Backer, Thomas E.; Newman, Sheila S.

1994-01-01

149

Empirical Evidence on the Role of Trading Suspensions in Disseminating New Information to the Capital Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:?This paper examines the effect of temporarily suspending the trading of exchange-listed individual stocks. We evaluate whether regulatory authorities can successfully use the mechanism of trading suspension in forcing companies to disclose new and material information to the capital market. Previous studies on trading suspensions mainly concentrate on North-American stock markets and find conflicting results. This study utilizes a new

Peter-Jan Engelen; Rezaul Kabir

2006-01-01

150

Empirical Evidence on the Role of Trading Suspensions in Disseminating New Information to the Capital Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effect of temporarily suspending the trading of exchange-listed individual stocks.We evaluate whether the regulatory authorities can successfully use the mechanism of trading halts in forcing companies to disclose new and material information to the capital market.In contrast to previous studies which mainly concentrate on North-American stock markets, this study utilises a new data set comprising of

P. J. Engelen; M. R. Kabir

2001-01-01

151

Local Health Department Use of Twitter to Disseminate Diabetes Information, United States  

PubMed Central

Introduction Diabetes may affect one-third of US adults by 2050. Adopting a healthful diet and increasing physical activity are effective in preventing type 2 diabetes and decreasing the severity of diabetes-related complications. Educating and informing the public about health problems is a service provided by local health departments (LHDs). The objective of this study was to examine how LHDs are using social media to educate and inform the public about diabetes. Methods In June 2012 we used NVivo 10 to collect all tweets ever posted from every LHD with a Twitter account and identified tweets about diabetes. We used a 2010 National Association of County and City Health Officials survey to compare characteristics of LHDs that tweeted about diabetes with those that did not. Content analysis was used to classify each tweet topic. Results Of 217 LHDs with Twitter accounts, 126 had ever tweeted about diabetes, with 3 diabetes tweets being the median since adopting Twitter. LHDs tweeting about diabetes were in jurisdictions with larger populations and had more staff and higher spending than LHDs not tweeting about diabetes. They were significantly more likely to employ a public information specialist and provide programs in diabetes-related areas. There was also a weak positive association between jurisdiction diabetes rate and the percentage of all tweets that were about diabetes (r = .16; P = .049). Conclusion LHDs are beginning to use social media to educate and inform their constituents about diabetes. An understanding of the reach and effectiveness of social media could enable public health practitioners to use them more effectively.

Mueller, Nancy L.; Snider, Doneisha; Haire-Joshu, Debra

2013-01-01

152

Informal Training in Staff Networks to Support Dissemination of Health Promotion Programs  

PubMed Central

Purpose To study informal skill transfer via staff networks as a complement to formal training among afterschool childcare providers implementing a health promotion program. Design Cross-sectional, sociometric network analysis. Setting Boston Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) afterschool programs implementing the iPLAY program. Participants All 91 staff members at 20 sites were eligible; 80 completed the survey (88% response rate). Measures At the network level, network density measured system-level connectedness. At the staff level, the independent variable was out degree, the number of individuals to whom respondents noted a program-related connection. The dependent variable was skill gains, the number of key implementation skills gained from the network. Analysis We mapped the staff program-related social network. We utilized multiple linear regression to estimate the relationship between out degree and skill gains, and we adjusted for clustering of staff in sites. Results Most staff (77%) reported gaining at least one skill from the network, but only 2% of potential network connections were established. The regression model showed that out degree (i.e., number of program-related contacts) was significantly associated with skill gains (? = .48, p < .01) independent of other variables. Conclusion Informal skill transfer in staff networks may be a useful complement to formal training for implementation of health promotion programs, but informal skill transfer was likely underutilized in this network. Future research employing longitudinal and/or multisite data should examine these findings in greater detail.

Ramanadhan, Shoba; Wiecha, Jean L.; Gortmaker, Steven L.; Emmons, Karen M.; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula

2011-01-01

153

Dissemination of information about the technologies of the Vision Research Lab through the World Wide Web  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Vision Research Lab at NASA John Glenn Research Center is headed by Dr. Rafat Ansari. Dr. Ansari and other researchers have developed technologies that primarily use laser and fiber optics to non-invasively detect different ailments and diseases of the eye. One of my goals as a LERCIP intern and ACCESS scholar for the 2004 summer is to inform other NASA employees, researchers and the general public about these technologies through the development of a website. The website incorporates the theme that the eye is a window to the body. Thus by investigating the processes of the eye, we can better understand and diagnosis different ailments and diseases. These ailments occur in not only earth bound humans, but astronauts as well as a result of exposure to elevated levels of radiation and microgravity conditions. Thus the technologies being developed at the Vision Research Lab are invaluable to humans on Earth in addition to those astronauts in space. One of my first goals was to research the technologies being developed at the lab. The first several days were spent immersing myself in the various articles, journals and reports about the theories behind Dynamic Light Scattering, Laser Doppler Flowmetry, Autofluoresence, Raman Spectroscopy, Polarimetry and Oximetry. Interviews with the other researchers proved invaluable to help understand these theories as well gain hands on experience with the devices being developed using these technologies. The rest of the Vision Research Team and I sat down and discussed how the overall website should be presented. Combining this information with the knowledge of the theories and applications of the hardware being developed, I worked out different ideas to present this information. I quickly learned Paint Shop Pro 8 and FrontPage 2002, as well as using online tutorials and other resources to help design an effective website. The Vision Research Lab website incorporates the anatomy and physiology of the eye, different diseases that affect the eye and the technologies being develop at the lab to help diagnosis these diseases. It also includes background information on Dr. Ansari as well as other researchers involved in the lab and it includes segments on patents, awards and achievements. There are links to help viewers navigate to internal and external websites to further investigate different ideas and hrther understand the implications of these technologies at being developed.

Dorais, Christopher M.

2004-01-01

154

Solar Information Outreach Strategies and Action Plans. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Solar information outreach action plans are information-oriented technology transfer programs designed to facilitate solar commercialization in concert with other programs - tax incentives, load guarantees, etc. Strategies are logical groupings of action ...

R. Hewett

1978-01-01

155

Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) Project: Dissemination of Weather Information for the Reduction of Aviation Weather-Related Accident Causal Factors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Weather Information Communications (WINCOMM) is part of the Weather Accident Prevention (WxAP) Project, which is part of the NASA's Aviation Safety and Security Program. The goals of WINCOMM are to facilitate the exchange of tactical and strategic weather information between air and ground. This viewgraph presentation provides information on data link decision factors, architectures, validation goals. WINCOMM is capable of providing en-route communication air-to-ground, ground-to-air, and air-to-air, even on international or intercontinental flights. The presentation also includes information on the capacity, cost, and development of data links.

Jarrell, Michael; Tanger, Thomas

2004-01-01

156

Implementation and dissemination of military informed and evidence-based interventions for community dwelling military families.  

PubMed

Community dwelling military families from the National Guard and Reserve contend with deployment-related stressors in relative isolation, living in communities where mental health providers may have little knowledge of military culture. When they are community residents, active duty service members and families tend to live in close proximity to their military installations. This article will focus primarily on the challenges to quality mental health care for reserve component (RC) families. Where studies of RC families are absent, those of active component (AC) families will be highlighted as relevant. Upon completion of a deployment, reintegration for RC families is complicated by high rates of symptomatology, low service utilization, and greater barriers to care relative to AC families. A paucity of providers skilled in evidence-based treatments (EBTs) limits community mental health capacity to serve RC military families. Several emergent programs illustrate the potential for better serving community dwelling military families. Approaches include behavioral health homes, EBTs and treatment components, structured resiliency and parent training, military informed schools, outreach methods, and technology-based coping, and psychoeducation. Methods from implementation science to improve clinical skill acquisition and spread and sustainability of EBTs may advance access to and quality of mental health treatment and are reviewed herein. Recommendations related to research methods, military knowledge and treatment competencies, and transition to a public health model of service delivery are discussed. PMID:23852335

Murphy, Robert A; Fairbank, John A

2013-12-01

157

New diagnostic strategy for sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation: a prospective single-center observational study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Inflammation and coagulation are closely interrelated pathophysiologic processes in the pathogenesis of sepsis. However, the diagnostic criteria of sepsis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) are different. This study aimed to define a biomarker panel to predict sepsis-induced DIC in emergency department patients. Methods Eighty-two patients who were admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary university hospital were included in this study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age >18 years; (2) ?1 systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria. Patients were excluded if they lacked biomarker data or apparent clinical manifestations. Eleven biomarkers were assayed from blood drawn on ED admission. Receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis including the area under the ROC and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify an optimal combination of biomarkers to create a diagnostic panel. The derived formula for weighting biomarker values was used to determine the severity of sepsis-induced DIC, which was divided into three categories: mild, moderate, and severe. We also investigated the ability of this classification to predict secondary outcome measures of rates of sepsis and DIC, DIC score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score, sequential organ failure score (SOFA) score, and 28-day all-cause mortality. Results Among the 11 biomarkers tested, the optimal 2-marker panel comprised presepsin and protein C. The area under the curve for the accuracies of predicting sepsis and DIC from these two biomarkers were 0.913 and 0.880, respectively. When patients were divided according to the severity of sepsis-induced DIC, all secondary outcomes except for mortality were significantly higher depending on the severity (P?

2014-01-01

158

Does the Phenotyping of Disseminated Prostate Cancer Cells in Blood and Bone Marrow Prior to Radical Prostatectomy Provide Prognostic Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nearly 20% of men who undergo a radical prostatectomy later relapse with bone metastases. The cellular events that are predictive of subsequent progressive disease remain unknown. We've focused attention on the detection of disseminated prostate cancer (C...

R. L. Vessella

2004-01-01

159

Does the Phenotyping of Disseminated Prostate Cancer Cells in Blood and Bone Marrow Prior to Radical Prostatectomy Provide Prognostic Information:.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nearly 20% of men who undergo a radical prostatectomy (RP) later relapse with bone metastases. The cellular events that are predictive of subsequent progressive disease remain unknown. We've focused attention on the detection of disseminated prostate...

R. L. Vessella

2005-01-01

160

Mechanization of Library Procedures in the Medium-sized Medical Library: XI. Two Methods of Providing Selective Dissemination of Information to Medical Scientists *  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to determine if a computerized commercial selective dissemination of information service could contribute to the services offered to the patrons of a specific medical library who were already participating in a manual selective dissemination of information service. The citations generated by the two services were contrasted on the basis of literature coverage, timeliness of retrieval, and relevancy of output. Eighty-four percent of the discrete citations retrieved were from 664 periodicals subscribed to by both services. Only 16 percent of the total of 1,387 discrete citations were produced by both services. The manual service was more timely; and, although it produced fewer citations, a higher percentage of these were relevant. Numerically, a total of 346 useful citations were recovered by the manual service and 379 from the commercial service. It appears, therefore, that a computerized commercial SDI service could contribute to the services offered to the medical scientists participating in a manual SDI service.

Miller, Jean K.

1970-01-01

161

Critical success factors in information center strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

End user computing, whether on terminals or microcomputers, has created a need for training in the use of information technology, for controlling access to corporate data, for the preservation of corporate information integrity and compatibility, and for mediation between MIS\\/DP and other departments.Information centers, the formal corporate response to those needs, continue to grow in number and cost. An initial

C. Royksund; Mari Montri; J. F. Nunamaker Jr.

1988-01-01

162

A Curricular Strategy for Information Security Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing textbooks and training materials in basic information security do not reflect the actual problem solving techniques and practices in the field of information security engineering. In general, texts focus on memorization of a broad range of facts related to modern information security practice. Analytical techniques, when present, often focus on mathematical foundations of cryptography, the inner workings of security

Richard Smith

2007-01-01

163

Direct application of west coast geothermal resources in a wet corn milling plant supplementary analyses and information dissemination. Final report, addendum  

SciTech Connect

In an extension to the scope of the previous studies, supplementary analyses were to be performed for both plants which would assess the economics of geothermal energy if coal had been the primary fuel rather than oil and gas. The studies include: supplementary analysis for a coal fired wet corn milling plant, supplementary analysis for an East Coast frozen food plant with coal fired boilers, and information dissemination activities.

Not Available

1982-03-19

164

Creating new realities: program development and dissemination.  

PubMed Central

Program development and dissemination in human services present challenges and opportunities for social scientists. Over the past 27 years the Teaching-Family Model of group home treatment has moved from prototype development to widespread dissemination across North America. Reviewing concepts in industry related to product development and dissemination, the application of these concepts to a human services delivery system, and program replication and dissemination data offer information about how innovative human services can be widely adapted and adopted.

Fixsen, D L; Blase, K A

1993-01-01

165

BUILDING A TIMELY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY: A PROCESS TO EFFICIENTLY AQUIRE DESISON USEFUL INFORMATION REGARDING EMERGING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The body of knowledge that is information technology strategy contains numerous theoretical models with practical applications from which executives may formulate, align, and implement cohesive corporate information technology strategies. Specifically missing in many popular technology strategy models is a practical initial process to guide executives in their attempt to collect data regarding emerging information technologies. This research presents an efficient

Casey G. Cegielski; Carl M. Rebman

166

Corporation's Characteristics and LIS(Logistics Information System) Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Logistics Information System(LIS) is known as a critical factor in achieving logistics competitiveness. Most corporations, however, do not seem to have clear strategies in meeting the information systems requirements of this decade. This is partly due to a lack of understanding about the causal relationship between a corporation's characteristics and logistics information system priorities. In this paper, a set of

Soo Wook Kim

167

Offering a Candidate Answer: An Information Seeking Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the use of candidate answers as an information seeking strategy--i.e., using a model answer in the query. Reports research suggesting some of the knowledge shared, ways participants analyze relevant situations, and how their analyses bear on the selection of this strategy. (MS)

Pomerantz, Anita

1988-01-01

168

INFORMATION LITERACY—AN INSTITUTION-WIDE STRATEGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the conceptualisation and implementation of an information literacy strategy within a concept of lifelong learning at the curriculum level. The strategy involves a framework which identifies the characteristics of the lifelong learner and which forms the basis of the development of resources. It argues that particular roles of teachers and staff providing academic services are central to

Rigmor George; Holly McCausland; Dale Wache

169

A Combined Pictorial Mnemonic Strategy for Ordered Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the potential of a keyword method extension to determine if it can be effectively combined with other mnemonic strategies that are designed to facilitate coding of numerically ordered information. Twenty references are listed. (MER)

Levin, Joel R.; And Others

1981-01-01

170

Enhanced Dissemination of Commission Products to Employee Assistance Programs, Information and Referral Programs, and Geriatric Care Managers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This grant allowed the ABA CLP of the Elderly (Commission) to expand marketing and dissemination of four of its products to three audiences that the Commission had never reached out to before: (1) employee assistance professionals, (2) I & R service provi...

L. A. Stiegel

1997-01-01

171

Does the Phenotyping of Disseminated Prostate Cancer Cells in Blood and Bone Marrow Prior to Radical Prostatectomy Provide Prognostic Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Approximately 20% of men who undergo a radical prostatectomy later relapse with bone metastases. The cellular events that are predictive of subsequent progressive disease remain unknown. We've focused attention on the detection of disseminated CaP cells i...

R. L. Vessella

2002-01-01

172

Pilots' Information Needs and Strategies for Operating in Icing Conditions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Pilot current use of icing information, pilot encounters and strategies for dealing with in-flight aircraft structural icing situations, and desired attributes of new icing information systems were investigated through a survey of pilots of several operational categories. The survey identified important information elements and fiequently used information paths for obtaining icing-related information. Free- response questions solicited descriptions of significant , icing encounters, and probed key icing-related decision and information criteria. Results indicated the information needs for the horizontal and vertical location of icing conditions and the identification of icing-free zones.

Vigeant-Langlois, Laurence N.; Hansman, R. John

2003-01-01

173

[Disseminated cutaneous granulomatosis].  

PubMed

The disseminated cutaneous granulomatosis (DCG) are heterogeneous cutaneous diseases histologically characterized by a granulomatous infiltrate. The most frequent cutaneous granulomatosis is sarcoidosis, but many other causes can be found, because DCG are probably a skin granulomatous reaction to different stimuli: infectious, inflammatory, neoplastic, metabolic or chemical. The histopathological examination is useful for the diagnosis of DCG, but gives rarely an etiological diagnosis. In this article, we will propose a strategy for the etiological diagnosis of DCG, and propose therapeutic recommendations based on recent data from the literature. PMID:19438091

Lapointe, Anne-Karine; Laffitte, Emmanuel

2009-04-22

174

Dissemination: The Role of the Publisher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The procedures involved in informing the public about curriculum development projects is discussed: Preliminary announcements, advance publicity, progress reports, trial studies, and final dissemination of the materials. (JB)

Sturdy, Jean

1972-01-01

175

A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the relative efficacy of adding voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to information dissemination in reducing HIV-related risk behaviors among Hong Kong male cross-border truck drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile populations are vulnerable to contracting HIV. The present study aims to evaluate the relative efficacy of the voluntary counseling and testing plus information dissemination (VCT-ID) approach versus the information dissemination (ID) approach for promoting HIV preventive behaviors in a mobile population, cross-border truck drivers. A total of 301 adult male cross-border truck drivers who self-reported having had sex with

Joseph T. F. Lau; Hi Yi Tsui; Shannon Cheng; Margaret Pang

2010-01-01

176

Information Technology and Corporate Strategy: A Research Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information technology (IT) as a competitive weapon has become a popular cliché; but there is still a marked lack of understanding of the issues that determine the influence of information technology on a particular organization and the processes that will allow a smooth coordination of technology and corporate strategy. This article surveys the major efforts to arrive

J. Yannis Bakos; Michael E. Treacy

1986-01-01

177

Knowledge Strategies: Balancing Ends, Ways, and Means in the Information Age.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information age technologies are changing values and national interests, both of which drive the formulation of national security strategy. The strategy equals ends plus ways plus means paradigm must change. Information age knowledge strategy seeks the en...

W. R. Fast

1996-01-01

178

Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

1993-01-01

179

Towards a Resource-based Theory of Information Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central aim of this paper is to instigate the construction of a theory of information strategy based on th e Resource -based View (RBV) of the firm (Barney, 1986, 1991; Penrose, 1959; Wernerfelt, 1984). Therefore, an initial theoretical framework is proposed within which such a theory could be developed further. In essence, this theoretical framework sheds light on how

Onno Truijens

180

35 Strategies for Guiding Readers through Informational Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical guide presents inspiring, research-based activities for teaching students in grades K-12 how to read and think critically about informational texts. With five essential types of strategies, seasoned and preservice teachers learn ways to help students select engaging, challenging reading materials; develop their knowledge of history,…

Moss, Barbara; Loh, Virginia S.

2010-01-01

181

Six Strategies for Beating the Competition for Information Technology Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Connecticut State University has achieved success in recruiting and retaining information technology (IT) workers through six strategies: modifying the administrative structure to make positions and salaries more attractive; grooming students for IT positions; promoting benefits of university employment; transferring state civil-service employees;…

Pernal, Michael

1999-01-01

182

The Design of a Future-Oriented Sensing System for the Identification, Production, and Dissemination of National Educational Information Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To insure that information needs are met or identified and that these needs are communicated to information producers in a systematic way, a sensing network is proposed for monitoring information system operation and forecasting information needs. Concerns of the network and bases for evaluating the information system are identified. Five staff…

Hayman, John L., Jr.; Barnette, J. Jackson

183

The Design of a Future-Oriented Sensing System for the Identification, Production, and Dissemination of National Educational Information Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a mechanism for monitoring the operation of an information system so that information needs are met or are identified and communicated to information producers in a systematic manner. (Author)

Hayman, John L., Jr.; Barnette, J. Jackson

1977-01-01

184

BADD phase II: DDS information management architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The DARPA Battlefield Awareness and Data Dissemination (BADD) Phase II Program will provide the next generation multimedia information management architecture to support the warfighter. One goal of this architecture is proactive dissemination of information to the warfighter through strategies such as multicast and 'smart push and pull' designed to minimize latency and make maximum use of available communications bandwidth. Another

Thomas P. Stephenson; Brian Decleene; Glen Speckert; Harry L. Voorhees

1997-01-01

185

Media Analysis of Early Dissemination of Canadian Child Maltreatment Surveillance Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A media strategy was developed to disseminate Canadian child maltreatment surveillance data. Print media were systematically searched and 29 articles reporting on the data were retrieved. Using content analysis, the articles were analyzed to assess informational accuracy and to understand how the media framed the issue of maltreatment. This…

Tonmyr, Lil; Jack, Susan

2010-01-01

186

Information Management Strategies for Program Tracking and Formative Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Institute for Broadening Participation (IBP) has developed information management systems to facilitate programmatic formative evaluation, tracking and outreach activities. Nearly a decade of design solutions and technical implementations in support of IBP's professional development and mentoring programs for students (including the "Pathways to Ocean Science," "Minorities Striving and Pursuing Higher Degrees of Success" in Earth System Science, and "Pathways to Engineering") has provided IBP with a toolbox of proven strategies for addressing program engagement and participant tracking, outreach, and a variety of other information management needs. In this session, IBP will use case-specific examples to share general design strategies for program participant and activities data collection in REUs and other program types. The cases will illustrate an approach that begins with a review of program logic, objectives, expected outcomes, constraints and requirements, which then informs a comprehensive system design. When implemented, such information systems improve administrative efficiency through streamlined data collection processes and easy-to-use data capture forms, and a corresponding set of reporting tools provides access to data that is crucial for ongoing program improvement. IBP presents this information in response to collaborations with administrators of Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) programs as well as longer duration programs, who have expressed the need for more comprehensive and easy to use information systems. Recently IBP has also worked with the directors of NSF and NASA funded programs seeking assistance in addressing their formative evaluation needs including system design, information collection, and reporting efforts.

Siegfried, D.; Detrick, L.; Valaitis, S.; Johnson, A.; Thomas, S. H.; Fauver, A.

2013-05-01

187

Designing company-wide information systems: Risk factors and coping strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in information technologies offer today's organizations opportunities to reengineer patterns of work, to build electronic coalitions with external business partners and to disseminate information throughout the enterprise. However, the rewards must be balanced against the risks of cost overruns, ill-conceived prioritization schemes and technological incompatibilities. These problems often result from poor strategic planning. In order to channel limited resources

Albert H. Segars; Varun Grover

1996-01-01

188

Dissemination Activities Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the first 24 months of the project, KP-Lab members were highly dedicated to dissemination and were engaged in various dissemination activities that contributed to the prime objective of the KP-Lab dissemination efforts which is "to make the project widely known to a variety of prospective users and, at a later stage, to promote the…

Barclay, Hanna; Batatia, Hudj; Bauters, Merja; Ben Ami, Zvi; Drachman, Raul; Flouris, Giorgos; Jadin, Tanja; Jalonen, Satu; Karlgren, Klas; Karpati, Andrea; Kotzinos, Dimitris; Lakkala, Minna; Lallimo, Jiri; Moen, Anne; Nygard, Kathrine; Paavola, Sami; Padiglia, Sheila; Scapolla, Marina; Sins, Patrick; Vasileva, Tania

2008-01-01

189

Dissemination: Handmaiden to Evaluation Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of evaluation findings is a valued outcome for most evaluators. However, to optimize use, the findings need to be disseminated to potential users in formats that facilitate use of the information. This reflective case narrative uses a national evaluation of a multisite National Science Foundation (NSF) program as the setting for describing the…

Lawrenz, Frances; Gullickson, Arlen; Toal, Stacie

2007-01-01

190

Aircrew Discourse: Exploring Strategies of Information and Action Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper explores methodology issues encountered in the analysis of flightcrew communications in aviation simulation research. Examples are provided by two recent studies which are compared on three issues: level of analysis, data definition, and interpretation of the results. The data discussed were collected in a study comparing two levels of aircraft automation. The first example is an investigation of how pilots' information transfer strategies differed as a function of automation during low and high-workload flight phases. The second study focuses on how crews managed actions in the two aircraft during a ten minute, high-workload flight segment. Results indicated that crews in the two aircraft differed in their strategies of information and action management. The differences are discussed in terms of their operational and research significance.

Irwin, Cheryl M.; Veinott, Elizabeth S.; Shafto, Michael G. (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

191

Weighing strategy for network localization under scarce ranging information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a robust non-parametric strategy to weight scarce and imperfect ranging information, which is shown to significantly improve the accuracy of distance-based network localization algorithms. The proposed weights have a dispersion component, which captures the effect of noise under the assumption of bias-free samples, and a penalty component, which quantifies the risk of the latter assumption and penalizes it

Giuseppe Destino; Giuseppe Thadeu Freitas de Abreu

2009-01-01

192

K.I.D.S. Links with College Educators: A Preservice Approach to More Effective Information Dissemination Through Improved Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The flow of information resulting from educational research into the practical lives of professional educators is a slow and tortuous course, but an increased awareness of the role of communications can help to alleviate matters. In 1972 the Kentucky Department of Education addressed itself to the problem and instituted a statewide information

McConnell, Winnie; And Others

193

Cases, Scripts, and Information-Seeking Strategies: On the Design of Interactive Information Retrieval Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The support of effective interaction of the user with the other components of thesystem is a central problem for information retrieval. In this paper, we present atheory of such interactions taking place within a space of information-seeking strategies,and discuss how such a concept can be used to design for effective interaction.In particular, we propose a model of information retrieval system

Nicholas J. Belkin; Colleen Cool; Adelheit Stein; Ulrich Thiel

1994-01-01

194

Optimization of Secondary Concentrators with the Continuous Information Entropy Strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this contribution, a method for global optimization of noisy functions, the Continuous Information Entropy Strategy (CIES), is explained and its applicability for the optimization of solar concentrators is shown. The CIES is efficient because all decisions made during optimizations are based on criteria that are derived from the concept of information entropy. Two secondary concentrators have been optimized with the CIES. The optimized secondary concentrators convert circular light distributions of round focal spots to square light distributions to match with the shape of square PV cells. The secondary concentrators are highly efficient and have geometrical concentration ratios of 2.25 and 8 respectively. Part of this material has been published in: T. C. Schmidt, ``Information Entropy-Based Decision Making in Optimization'', Ph.D. Thesis, Philipps University Marburg, 2010.

Schmidt, Tobias Christian; Ries, Harald

2010-10-01

195

The role of media in the dissemination of environmental and natural disaster information to the public: NPOESS: the future of earth observation and the media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TV broadcast news, part news and part entertainment, continuously transformed by new technology and driven by ratings, still remains the primary form of dissemination of real time information to the general public. Media coverage of environmental issues and natural disasters varies considerably, depending on the perceived interests of the audience. While some receive a lot of coverage with in depth scientific analysis, others receive almost no coverage at all, or are only superficially covered. Although the media is often criticized by scientists for the uneven coverage of events, scientists, agencies and NGOs, must rely on the media to quickly reach the general public. Public awareness and understanding of natural hazards can help save lives and reduce property damages and economic losses, particularly as global climate change and its connection to hazards is accelerating. Earth orbiting satellites provide an unprecedented access to high resolution data about the Earth and its environment. Although such data are readily available and provides excellent visuals for natural hazards, their use in media broadcast is still not widespread. The goal of this research is to bridge the gap between the scientific data available and the visuals currently used in media broadcast. In this work we analyze the media coverage of natural hazards and disasters and the impact on the public. We present examples of past cooperation that led to the dissemination of earth observation products through TV broadcasts, and discuss the different requirements which have to be met in order to transform high resolution satellite images and scientific data into a TV friendly format. Finally, we identify the potential use of future products from the upcoming NPOESS satellite platforms for the coverage of natural hazards and disasters.

Ameller, Rafael; Cervone, Guido; Kafatos, M.; Jones, Dave

196

Spanish-Language Bone Wise Dissemination Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives were: (1) to produce and disseminate Spanish language, culturally appropriate information on osteoporosis targeted toward older, Hispanic women; (2) to organize an advisory committee of collaborating organizations with expertise in service ...

T. B. Gibson

1996-01-01

197

Bibliography on Electrostatic Phenomena in Aerosol Dissemination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography represents a survey of published information relevant to the manner in which electrostatic phenomena might influence dissemination of chemical warfare agents, covering both the open literature and reports of government-sponsored research....

D. E. Blake C. E. Lapple

1965-01-01

198

Final report. Geothermal Energy Program: Information dissemination, public outreach, and technical analysis activities. April 1, 1999 to December 31, 2001. USDOE Grant No. DE-FG01-99-EE35098  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the accomplishments of the geothermal energy program: information dissemination, public outreach, and technical analysis activities by the project team consisting of the Geo-Heat Center, Geothermal Resources Council, Geothermal Education Office, Geothermal Energy Association, and the Washington State University Energy Program.

Lund, John W.

2002-03-22

199

Strategis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Strategis is a web site developed by Industry Canada to provide business information resources to Canadian businesses. Resources available include a searchable database of Canadian companies, business information for each sector, a list of business support services, and a guide to business laws and regulation. The International Business Information Network offers information about business opportunities abroad; Trade Data Online provides Canadian and US trade data. A collection of research publications by Industry Canada and monthly economic indicators on the economy are additional economic resources found at this site. Users can view this site in French or English.

1998-01-01

200

THE DISSEMINATION OF HEALTH INFORMATION, AS CASE STUDY IN ADULT LEARNING. NORC MONOGRAPHS IN SOCIAL RESEARCH, NUMBER 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

DURING THE SUMMER OF 1955, THE NATIONAL OPINION RESEARCH CENTER CONDUCTED A NATIONWIDE HEALTH INFORMATION SURVEY OF RANDOMLY SELECTED AND STRATIFIED SAMPLES OF THE GENERAL PUBLIC, PHYSICIANS, AND PHARMACISTS AS PART OF A RESEARCH PROGRAM FOCUSING ON THE PATTERNS OF MEDICAL CARE USE THEN PREVALENT IN THE UNITED STATES. THIS MONOGRAPH IS BASED ON…

FELDMAN, JACOB J.

201

Disseminating the Right Information to the Right Audience: Cultural Determinants in the Use (and Misuse) of Rankings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rankings and league tables, or Report Cards (RCs), of Higher Education Institutions have become a global phenomenon. Their purpose, it is claimed, is to help "student-consumers" make informed decisions. Yet the degree to which RCs succeed in helping students in their college choice is disputed. Even though RCs are intended for all, which…

Cremonini, Leon; Westerheijden, Don; Enders, Jurgen

2008-01-01

202

The Options Handbook. Communicating with Prospective Students About Postsecondary Educational Options. Handbook Two: Information Dissemination Concerning Costs and Financial Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present complex and changing context students and families are looking for information tools to help them identify financial planning constants to allow them to reduce the number of unknown factors that can be barriers to the completion of a personal financial package to cover the cost of higher education. This handbook is designed to…

Carlson, Mary S., Ed.; Berlet, Chip, Ed.

203

Improving data management and dissemination in web based information systems by semantic enrichment of descriptive data aspects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The German-Vietnamese water-related information system for the Mekong Delta (WISDOM) project supports business processes in Integrated Water Resources Management in Vietnam. Multiple disciplines bring together earth and ground based observation themes, such as environmental monitoring, water management, demographics, economy, information technology, and infrastructural systems. This paper introduces the components of the web-based WISDOM system including data, logic and presentation tier. It focuses on the data models upon which the database management system is built, including techniques for tagging or linking metadata with the stored information. The model also uses ordered groupings of spatial, thematic and temporal reference objects to semantically tag datasets to enable fast data retrieval, such as finding all data in a specific administrative unit belonging to a specific theme. A spatial database extension is employed by the PostgreSQL database. This object-oriented database was chosen over a relational database to tag spatial objects to tabular data, improving the retrieval of census and observational data at regional, provincial, and local areas. While the spatial database hinders processing raster data, a "work-around" was built into WISDOM to permit efficient management of both raster and vector data. The data model also incorporates styling aspects of the spatial datasets through styled layer descriptions (SLD) and web mapping service (WMS) layer specifications, allowing retrieval of rendered maps. Metadata elements of the spatial data are based on the ISO19115 standard. XML structured information of the SLD and metadata are stored in an XML database. The data models and the data management system are robust for managing the large quantity of spatial objects, sensor observations, census and document data. The operational WISDOM information system prototype contains modules for data management, automatic data integration, and web services for data retrieval, analysis, and distribution. The graphical user interfaces facilitate metadata cataloguing, data warehousing, web sensor data analysis and thematic mapping.

Gebhardt, Steffen; Wehrmann, Thilo; Klinger, Verena; Schettler, Ingo; Huth, Juliane; Künzer, Claudia; Dech, Stefan

2010-10-01

204

Curriculum strategies to improve baccalaureate nursing information technology outcomes.  

PubMed

Improving information technology (IT) outcomes is a top nursing education priority. Improving care access, quality, and cost effectiveness, IT skills are vital for professional development and advancement. Nursing programs have embraced distance learning and added informatics content, courses, and specific technologies; however, undergraduates' and educators' skills are still considered inadequate. Meanwhile, the Nursing Informatics specialty has moved beyond IT competency articulation and measurement. It is promoting information literacy to support evidence-based practice and the cultivation of clinical wisdom. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative, a coalition aiming to advance IT outcomes in nursing education, has cited benchmarking and sharing best practices as key to achieving its goals. Thus, this article reports on the process, results, and implications of a project using curriculum strategies to enhance IT outcomes. A 3-year action plan directed faculty, student, and agency evaluation, curriculum mapping, model learning module, and documentation development. PMID:19260399

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

205

Weather dissemination and public usage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The existing public usage of weather information was examined. A survey was conducted to substantiate the general public's needs for dissemination of current (0-12 hours) weather information, needs which, in a previous study, were found to be extensive and urgent. The goal of the study was to discover how the general public obtains weather information, what information they seek and why they seek it, to what use this information is put, and to further ascertain the public's attitudes and beliefs regarding weather reporting and the diffusion of weather information. Major findings from the study include: 1. The public has a real need for weather information in the 0-6 hour bracket. 2. The visual medium is preferred but due to the lack of frequent (0-6 hours) forecasts, the audio media only, i.e., telephone recordings and radio weathercasts, were more frequently used. 3. Weather information usage is sporadic.

Stacey, M. S.

1973-01-01

206

Cell Phone Utilization Among Foreign-Born Latinos: A Promising Tool for Dissemination of Health and HIV Information.  

PubMed

Latinos in the US are disproportionately affected by HIV and are at risk for late presentation to care. Between June 2011 and January 2012, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 209 Baltimore Latinos at community-based venues to evaluate the feasibility of using information communication technology-based interventions to improve access to HIV testing and education within the Spanish-speaking community in Baltimore. Participants had a median age of 33 years interquartile range (IQR) (IQR 28-42), 51.7 % were male, and 95.7 % were foreign-born. Approximately two-thirds (63.2 %) had been in the US less than 10 years and 70.1 % had been previously tested for HIV. Cell phone (92.3 %) and text messaging (74.2 %) was used more than Internet (52.2 %) or e-mail (42.8 %) (p < 0.01). In multivariate analysis, older age and lower education were associated with less utilization of Internet, e-mail and text messaging, but not cell phones. Interest was high for receiving health education (73.1 %), HIV education (70.2 %), and test results (68.8 %) via text messaging. Innovative cell phone-based communication interventions have the potential to link Latino migrants to HIV prevention, testing and treatment services. PMID:23440452

Leite, Lorena; Buresh, Megan; Rios, Naomi; Conley, Anna; Flys, Tamara; Page, Kathleen R

2014-08-01

207

Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

2013-01-01

208

A model for holding strategy in public transit systems with real-time information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Holding strategies are among the most commonly used operation-control strategies in public transit systems. These strategies are most effective when used to control services characterized by high frequency. In this paper, a mathematical model for a holding control strategy is developed. Particularly, this model uses real-time information of locations of buses along a specified route. The objective of the developed

Saeed Zolfaghari; Nader Azizi; Mohamad Y. Jaber

2004-01-01

209

Information Strategy for Education and Research, 2000-2004 Implementation Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 1999, the Finnish Ministry of Education devised an information strategy for the period of 2000-2004. This is the second of its kind. The first strategy had been devised to steer national information society development in the fields of education and research from 1995 onwards. The new strategy has aroused a great deal of interest…

Ministry of Education, Helsinki (Finland).

210

Disseminated Strongyloides stercoralis infection.  

PubMed

A case of disseminated S stercoralis is an immunosuppressed patient manifested with diarrhea, a rash, and progressive respiratory insufficiency. The parasites were eradicated with thiabendazole despite continued steroid therapy, and the patient survived the hospitalization. The characteristics of S stercoralis allow it to be harbored within a host for prolonged periods of time, only to disseminate once cell-mediated immunity is suppressed. A diagnosis of strongyloidiasis should be considered in an immunocompromised patient with a petechial rash. Prompt diagnosis and initiation of thiabendazole therapy provides the greatest opportunity for patient survival. Secondary bacterial infections should be aggressively sought. Mortality from disseminated strongyloidiasis approaches 80%. PMID:8391722

Simpson, W G; Gerhardstein, D C; Thompson, J R

1993-07-01

211

A Primer on Disseminating Applied Quantitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transparency and replication are essential features of scientific inquiry, yet scientific communications of applied quantitative research are often lacking in much-needed procedural information. In an effort to promote researchers dissemination of their quantitative studies in a cohesive, detailed, and informative manner, the authors delineate information concerning writing for publication in applied research journals. Specifically, they present 10 basic recommendations, ranging

Bethany A. Bell; Christine DiStefano; Grant B. Morgan

2010-01-01

212

We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been little research on the effectiveness of different training strategies or the impact of exposure to treatment manuals alone on clinicians' ability to effectively implement empirically supported therapies. Seventy-eight community-based clinicians were assigned to 1 of 3 training conditions: review of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) manual only, review of the manual plus access to a CBT training Web

Diane E. Sholomskas; Gia Syracuse-Siewert; Bruce J. Rounsaville; Samuel A. Ball; Kathryn F. Nuro; Kathleen M. Carroll

2005-01-01

213

ASCEND: A Systematic Career Education Network for Dissemination. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project ASCEND (A Systematic Career Education Network for Dissemination) of the Center for Career and Occupational Education (CCOE) in New York City developed (1) a sustained communication network in career education and (2) a kit for the dissemination of career education concepts, strategies, and materials into this network. Surveys of the…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Center for Career and Occupational Education.

214

Paradigms for adaptive statistical information designs: practical experiences and strategies.  

PubMed

In the last decade or so, interest in adaptive design clinical trials has gradually been directed towards their use in regulatory submissions by pharmaceutical drug sponsors to evaluate investigational new drugs. Methodological advances of adaptive designs are abundant in the statistical literature since the 1970s. The adaptive design paradigm has been enthusiastically perceived to increase the efficiency and to be more cost-effective than the fixed design paradigm for drug development. Much interest in adaptive designs is in those studies with two-stages, where stage 1 is exploratory and stage 2 depends upon stage 1 results, but where the data of both stages will be combined to yield statistical evidence for use as that of a pivotal registration trial. It was not until the recent release of the US Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Adaptive Design Clinical Trials for Drugs and Biologics (2010) that the boundaries of flexibility for adaptive designs were specifically considered for regulatory purposes, including what are exploratory goals, and what are the goals of adequate and well-controlled (A&WC) trials (2002). The guidance carefully described these distinctions in an attempt to minimize the confusion between the goals of preliminary learning phases of drug development, which are inherently substantially uncertain, and the definitive inference-based phases of drug development. In this paper, in addition to discussing some aspects of adaptive designs in a confirmatory study setting, we underscore the value of adaptive designs when used in exploratory trials to improve planning of subsequent A&WC trials. One type of adaptation that is receiving attention is the re-estimation of the sample size during the course of the trial. We refer to this type of adaptation as an adaptive statistical information design. Specifically, a case example is used to illustrate how challenging it is to plan a confirmatory adaptive statistical information design. We highlight the substantial risk of planning the sample size for confirmatory trials when information is very uninformative and stipulate the advantages of adaptive statistical information designs for planning exploratory trials. Practical experiences and strategies as lessons learned from more recent adaptive design proposals will be discussed to pinpoint the improved utilities of adaptive design clinical trials and their potential to increase the chance of a successful drug development. PMID:22927234

Wang, Sue-Jane; Hung, H M James; O'Neill, Robert

2012-11-10

215

A Primer on Disseminating Applied Quantitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transparency and replication are essential features of scientific inquiry, yet scientific communications of applied quantitative research are often lacking in much-needed procedural information. In an effort to promote researchers dissemination of their quantitative studies in a cohesive, detailed, and informative manner, the authors delineate…

Bell, Bethany A.; DiStefano, Christine; Morgan, Grant B.

2010-01-01

216

The study on crisis public relations strategies of enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzed the interests and conflicts of business and media, and then carried out strategies from four aspects: enterprise attitude, information dissemination, media collaboration and internal staff. That is AIMS strategy of public relations, hoping to be an effective guide for enterprise's crisis management.

Qiao Mei; Dou Zhijie; Wang Dongping

2010-01-01

217

77 FR 41370 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-07-13

218

77 FR 47361 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; 2013 Alternative Contact Strategy Test AGENCY: U.S. Census...doc.gov). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional information...seeks to explore alternative modes of contact and collection in an effort to...

2012-08-08

219

Teachers' Characteristics and Information Application Strategies of the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the use of the World Wide Web for instruction by fourth grade teachers. Identifies teacher characteristics, information-seeking strategies, and instructional application strategies, and reports that Web-knowledgeable teachers utilized reflexive application strategies and higher-level learning activities for teaching.…

Chen, Li-Ling; Huntsberger, John

2001-01-01

220

Deliberate versus emergent strategies: a case study of information technology in the Post Office  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to examine the deliberate versus reactive elements of the strategy process with reference to the strategic information management of the Post Office. As the literature on strategic management has evolved, there has been much emphasis on the planning aspect of the strategy process. However, in many cases strategy is imposed due to circumstances and the organisation has

Nerys Fuller-Love; Joan Cooper

2000-01-01

221

Diffusion and Dissemination of Evidence-based Cancer Control Interventions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What is the effectiveness of cancer control interventions (i.e., smoking cessation, healthy diet, mammography, cervical cancer screening, and control of cancer pain) to promote behavior uptake. What strategies have been evaluated to disseminate cancer con...

P. Ellis P. Raina

2003-01-01

222

Development and Evaluation of a Technical Report for Dissemination of Research and Development Information to Kentucky Vocational Educators: TEMPO. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the State of Kentucky's dissemination effort, the report describes a project designed to establish and field test a technical journal for vocational-technical education research and development. Called TEMPO, this journal would: (1) provide an open forum for discussion of those issues which must be examined by vocational educators in…

Sims, E. Norman

223

A comparison of teaching strategies for integrating information technology into clinical nursing education.  

PubMed

As health care becomes more information-intensive and diverse, there is a need to integrate information technology (IT) into clinical education. Little is known, however, about how to design instructional strategies for integrating information technology into clinical nursing education. This article outlines the instructional strategies used by faculty in five nursing programs who taught students to use a point-of-care information technology system. The article also reports students' computer acceptance and summarizes IT clinical teaching recommendations. PMID:11111570

Elfrink, V L; Davis, L S; Fitzwater, E; Castleman, J; Burley, J; Gorney-Moreno, M J; Sullivan, J; Nichols, B; Hall, D; Queen, K; Johnson, S; Martin, A

2000-01-01

224

Sequential Information Seeking: An Optimal Strategy and Other Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents an optimal strategy for sequential sampling from binomial distributions. The strategy presented is general in that it is a 'multi-action' rather than a two-action procedure. While the major task is to estimate the proportion, p, of 'su...

D. M. Messick

1964-01-01

225

Information Literacy: Search Strategies, Tools & Resources. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information literacy, or the ability to seek and effectively utilize information resources, has become a critical tool in the Information Age. Community colleges, as gateways to higher education, have an important role in equipping students with this ability to access and utilize information. The increasing importance of information skills has…

Ercegovac, Zorana; Yamasaki, Erika

226

Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

Tsai, Meng-Jung

2009-01-01

227

Factors Influencing the Implementation of Information Systems Security Strategies in Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many organizations still rely on deterrence to control insider threats and on purely preventive strategies to control outsider threats. Such a simple approach to organizational information security is no longer viable given the increasing operational sophistication of current security threat agents and the complexity of information technology infrastructure. Effective implementation of security requires organizations to select a combination of strategies

Atif Ahmad; Anthonie B. Ruighaver

2010-01-01

228

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a complex disorder, with pathophysiology being variable and highly dependent upon the triggering event(s), host response(s) and comorbid conditions. As a result of these complicated interactions, the clinical expression and laboratory findings are varied, thereby affecting the specifics of diagnosis and therapeutic approaches. The highly complex and variable pathophysiology of DIC often results in a

Rodger L. Bick; Banu Arun; Eugene P. Frenkel

1999-01-01

229

Disseminated tumour cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metastatic spread is a major factor in the prognosis of cancer patients. Early detection and eradication of circulating tumour cells prior to the development of metastases could help to improve the outcome of patients after tumour resection. Disseminated tumour cells have been detected in different compartments of the body using cytological and immunostaining methods and, more recently, using different molecular

Ilka Vogel; Holger Kalthoff

2001-01-01

230

Analysis of Motor Carrier Marketing Strategies, Information Technologies, and Productivity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Malmquist Index will be used to measure productivity and efficiency for U.S. general freight motor carriers in the 1990's. The investigator will examine the relationship between these efficiency measures and the marketing strategies chosen by individual...

B. S. McMullen

2003-01-01

231

Taxonomy of information technology strategy and its impact on the performance of third-party logistics (3PL) in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a taxonomy of information technology strategies used by third-party logistics (3PL) firms in China based on a cluster analysis of survey data from 105 of these 3PL firms. The information technology strategies have been classified into three major groups: supportive, technological, and aligned. The paper also investigates the effect of information technology strategies on information technology advantage,

F. Lai; X. Zhao; Q. Wang

2007-01-01

232

Sediment loads and sources in heavily modified Irish catchments: A move towards informed management strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) has forced regulatory authorities to take an integrated view of the link between water quality and catchment management. In Northern Ireland, concern over progressive habitat degradation of one of the Province's prime salmon rivers (the River Bush) provided the stimulus for a sediment monitoring programme. The aims of this study were to quantify instream sediment loads and to identify sources of fine sediment feeding into the river channel. This information would then be used to justify changes in the way the catchment's resources were managed. Sediment loads were assessed at four sampling stations on the River Bush system over a one-year period (between 18/07/02 and 24/07/03) using sediment collection tubes and pit-type traps. These ranged between 0.196 and 4.98 t yr - 1 for bed load and 1.70 and 102 t yr - 1 for suspended load. A combination of desktop studies (erosion potential mapping), monitoring (visual observations, bank erosion magnitude and yield) and analytical work (sediment fingerprinting) was then applied in order to elucidate links between catchment sediment erosion and downstream sediment delivery. Bank erosion was highest in regions of the catchment with the least cohesive bank materials during high flow conditions. Livestock poaching and peak flows caused damage to banks at a localised scale and led to selective patches of bare land being susceptible to further erosion, augmenting the sediment load (approximately 2% of the annual suspended sediment and 60% of the annual bed load). Drainage maintenance work (60% and 30%), forest clearfell (1% and 2%) and ploughed land (37% and 8%) also contributed to the annual suspended sediment and bed load, respectively. Nine key actions were suggested in order to improve habitat quality in relation to sediment supply in the River Bush. These included wetland restoration; prohibiting drainage maintenance work; strategies to control conifer plantation felling; reducing bare ground; livestock access restrictions; construction site management; macrophyte clearance; employment of a river warden and systematic dissemination of project recommendations to the general public to generate community involvement. It was essential that these actions were both cost effective and practical in order to maximise catchment stakeholder uptake.

Evans, D. J.; Gibson, C. E.; Rossell, R. S.

2006-09-01

233

Balancing Fidelity and Adaptation in the Dissemination of Empirically-Supported Treatments: The Promise of Transdiagnostic Interventions  

PubMed Central

Assessing treatment fidelity is a core methodological consideration in the study of treatment outcome; it influences both the degree to which changes can be attributed to the intervention and the ability to replicate and disseminate the intervention. Efforts to increase access to evidence-based psychological treatments are receiving unprecedented support; but pressures exist to adapt treatments to service settings, running the risk of compromising fidelity. However, little evidence is available to inform the necessary conditions for the transportation of interventions to service provision settings, and the degree to which fidelity is even evaluated or emphasized in dissemination and implementation programs varies dramatically. Moreover, adaptation is associated with several benefits for dissemination efforts and may address relevant barriers to adoption. A particularly promising strategy for maximizing the benefits of both fidelity and adaptation is the use of transdiagnostic interventions. Such treatments allow for greater flexibility of the pacing and content of treatment, while still providing structure to facilitate testing and replication. Preliminary evidence supports the efficacy of this strategy, which may be particularly conducive to dissemination into service provision settings. At this time, further research is needed to evaluate the relationships among fidelity, adaptation, and outcome, and to determine the potential for transdiagnostic treatments to facilitate dissemination.

McHugh, R. Kathryn; Murray, Heather W.; Barlow, David H.

2009-01-01

234

Century-of-Information Research (CIR): A Strategy for Research and Innovation in the Century of Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

More data will be produced in the next five years than in the entire history of human kind, a digital deluge that marks the beginning of the Century of Information. Through a year-long consultation with UK researchers, a coherent strategy has been developed, which will nurture Century-of-Information Research (CIR); it crystallises the ideas developed by the e-Science Directors' Forum Strategy

Malcolm Atkinson; David Britton; Peter Coveney; David De Roure; Ned Garnett; Neil Geddes; Robert Gurney; Keith Haines; Lorna Hughes; David Ingram; Paul Jeffreys; Liz Lyon; Ian Osborne; Ron Perrott; Rob Procter; Chris Rusbridge; Anne Trefethen; Paul Watson

2009-01-01

235

Sensitivity of 'Push' and 'Pull' strategies to information updating rate  

Microsoft Academic Search

One would expect a continuous production planning and control system to be more sensitive to information inaccuracy than a periodic one. In practice, a major source of information inaccuracy is the updating rate of the perceived system state. This phenomenon is particularly significant in global firms that must employ appropriate technology and procedures for updating the corporate information throughout its

R. Weitzman; G. Rabinowitz

2003-01-01

236

Disseminated Cutaneous Rhinosporidiosis  

PubMed Central

Rhinosporidiosis is a granulomatous disorder caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi. It frequently involves the nasopharynx and occasionally affects the skin. We hereby report a case of 46–year-old male who presented with multiple cutaneous plaque-like lesions with nasal obstruction. On examination, multiple cutaneous lesions were found to be present on malar aspect, infraorbital and supraorbital region, right shoulder and over the back near the tip of scapula. Oral cavity revealed a polypoidal lesion, in the base of the tongue. Excision biopsy confirmed the lesions as disseminated cutaneous rhinosporidiosis. The patient was treated with excision and dapsone therapy. After 1 year of therapy, the patient has disease-free survival. We report this rare case of rhinosporidiosis with disseminated cutaneous involvement.

Prasad, Kishan; Veena, S; Permi, H S; Teerthanath, S; Shetty, K Padma; Shetty, J P

2010-01-01

237

Disseminated cutaneous rhinosporidiosis.  

PubMed

Rhinosporidiosis is a granulomatous disorder caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi. It frequently involves the nasopharynx and occasionally affects the skin. We hereby report a case of 46-year-old male who presented with multiple cutaneous plaque-like lesions with nasal obstruction. On examination, multiple cutaneous lesions were found to be present on malar aspect, infraorbital and supraorbital region, right shoulder and over the back near the tip of scapula. Oral cavity revealed a polypoidal lesion, in the base of the tongue. Excision biopsy confirmed the lesions as disseminated cutaneous rhinosporidiosis. The patient was treated with excision and dapsone therapy. After 1 year of therapy, the patient has disease-free survival. We report this rare case of rhinosporidiosis with disseminated cutaneous involvement. PMID:21814408

Prasad, Kishan; Veena, S; Permi, H S; Teerthanath, S; Shetty, K Padma; Shetty, J P

2010-01-01

238

Computer software management, evaluation, and dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center involving the collection, processing, and distribution of software developed under the auspices of NASA and certain other federal agencies are reported. Program checkout and evaluation, inventory control, customer services and marketing, dissemination, program maintenance, and special development tasks are discussed.

1983-01-01

239

The AFT Educational Research and Dissemination Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure is developed to provide information for local unions within the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) who may be interested in becoming Education Research and Dissemination (ER&D) sites. The following questions are addressed: (1) What Is ER&D? (2) What Can ER&D Accomplish? (3) What Makes ER&D Different? (4) What Do ER&D Participants…

American Federation of Teachers, 2007

2007-01-01

240

Converting hard copy documents for electronic dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the advent of computer systems, the goal of a paperless office, and even a paperless society, has been pursued. While the normal paper flow in an organization is far from totally automated, particularly for items requiring signatures or authorizations, electronic information dissemination is becoming an almost simple task. The reasons for providing on-line documents are many and include faster

Hoffman

1994-01-01

241

Active Tools for Better Knowledge Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that a solution to the inadequacy and passivity problems with push and pull technologies could be in a combination of both, with an active component, adding more intelligence to the whole process of information and knowledge dissemination and supply. Describes basic principles of activity components in intelligent systems, and some…

Mikulecky, Peter; Mikulecka, Jaroslava

1999-01-01

242

Leveraging Information Technology. Track VI: Hardware/Software Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track VI, Hardware/Software Strategies, are presented. They include: "Integrated Systems--The Next Steps" (Morris A. Hicks); "Administrative Microcomputing--Roads Traveled, Lessons Learned" (David L. Smallen); "Murphy's First Law and Its Application to Administrative Computing" (Mary Lawarre Cox and…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

243

Brief Intervention for School Problems: Outcome Informed Strategies, Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Now in a revised and updated second edition, this highly practical guide provides innovative strategies for resolving academic and behavioral difficulties by enlisting the strengths and resources of students, parents, and teachers. Extensive new case material illustrates the authors' creative approach to building solutions and "busting problems"…

Murphy, John J.; Duncan, Barry L.

2007-01-01

244

Strategies for Data-Informed Labor Market Responsiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Central Arizona College (CAC) has leveraged EMSI to design the most effective regional strategies for academic/economic prediction analysis. Accessing current and reliable data on occupations, skills requirements, and demographics, CAC can extract, analyze, and present this data to academic programs, advisory boards, economic development councils,…

Heiland, Linda; Brown, William

2008-01-01

245

A Study of Modeling Travelers' Route Choice Behavior and Information Release Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a rational assumption that travelers would not be completely in compliance with the guidance by advanced traveler information systems (ATIS). This paper presents a dynamic programming model for investigating the day-to-day receiving and adjusting process to the information released by ATIS. The dynamic model aims at seeking an optimal information release strategy for minimizing the overall disutility and

Wen-Xiang Wu; Hai-Jun Huang

2008-01-01

246

The Information System Strategies of MNC Affiliates: A Technology-Organization-Environment Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article applies a technology-organization-environment framework to evaluate the determinants of the global information systems (GIS) strategies of foreign affiliates. The results indicate that IT maturity, parent resource dependency, cultural distance, restrictive regulations, and local competition are significant determinants of GIS strategy. We also find that the integration-responsiveness model can be applied to explain GIS strategies and their implementation. These

Vincent S. Lai

2008-01-01

247

Integrating network structure and dynamic information for better routing strategy on scale-free networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study information packet routing processes on scale-free networks by mimicking the Internet traffic delivery strategies. We incorporate both the global network structure information and local queuing information in the dynamic processes. We propose several new routing strategies to guide the packet routing. The performance of the routing strategies is measured by the average transit time of the packets as well as their dependence on the traffic amount. We find that the routing strategies which integrate both global network structure information and local dynamic information perform much better than the traditional shortest-path routing protocol which takes into account only the global topological information. Moreover, from comparative studies of these routing strategies, we observe that some of our proposed methods can decrease the average transit time of packets but the performance is closely dependent on the total amount of traffic while some other proposed methods can have good performance independent of the total amount of traffic with hyper-excellent average transit time of packets. Also, numerical results show that our proposed methods integrating network structure information and local dynamic information can work much better than the methods recently proposed in [S. Sreenivasan, R. Cohen, E. López, Z. Toroczkai, H.E. Stanley, Phys. Rev. E 75 (2007) 036105, Zhi-Xi Wu, Gang Peng, Eric W.M. Wong, Kai-Hau Yeung, J. Stat. Mech. (2008) P11002.], which only considered network structure information.

Tang, Xiao-Gai; Wong, Eric W. M.; Wu, Zhi-Xi

2009-06-01

248

A comparison of information functions and search strategies for sensor planning in target classification.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the comparative performance of several information-driven search strategies and decision rules using a canonical target classification problem. Five sensor models are considered: one obtained from classical estimation theory and four obtained from Bernoulli, Poisson, binomial, and mixture-of-binomial distributions. A systematic approach is presented for deriving information functions that represent the expected utility of future sensor measurements from mutual information, Rènyi divergence, Kullback-Leibler divergence, information potential, quadratic entropy, and the Cauchy-Schwarz distance. The resulting information-driven strategies are compared to direct-search, alert-confirm, task-driven (TS), and log-likelihood-ratio (LLR) search strategies. Extensive numerical simulations show that quadratic entropy typically leads to the most effective search strategy with respect to correct-classification rates. In the presence of prior information, the quadratic-entropy-driven strategy also displays the lowest rate of false alarms. However, when prior information is absent or very noisy, TS and LLR strategies achieve the lowest false-alarm rates for the Bernoulli, mixture-of-binomial, and classical sensor models. PMID:22057064

Zhang, Guoxian; Ferrari, Silvia; Cai, Chenghui

2012-02-01

249

InfoThink: Practical Strategies for Using Information in Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the world of business shifts towards a knowledge economy, the growing availability of information delivered in print and electronic media will require professionals well-versed in the methodologies of information thinking and knowledgeable of the practical resources available to them. This book provides a window on the complexities of the…

Park, Mary Woodfill

250

Library and Information Science Research: Perspectives and Strategies for Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 28 essays in this collection provide an overview of research in library/information science (LIS), present a practical context of such research, and consider related issues and concerns. The essays are: (1) "The Elusive Nature of Research in LIS" (Peter Hernon); (2) "Guides to Conducting Research in Library and Information Science" (Ronald R.…

McClure, Charles R., Ed.; Hernon, Peter, Ed.

251

Research on Cost Control Strategy under Asymmetric Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem how a manager motivate producers to reduce product costs under asymmetric information is discussed on a basis of principal-agent theory. Under asymmetric information, manager can not monitor producers' effort to reduce costs; therefore, manager needs to motivate producers. The manager determines a contractual basic cost according to his own requirement and producers' self-reported cost, and establishes a model

Lijun Li; Yanfang Gao; Yuqing Yao

2010-01-01

252

Information sharing versus order aggregation strategies in supply chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how differently aggregated order data may affect inventories and service levels in a serial supply chain and compares the results against various levels of information sharing. By performing sensitivity analysis, critical parameters are identified and conjectures for explaining the divergent results on the value of information sharing in prior literature

Roman Schmidt

2009-01-01

253

Pursuit-evasion strategies for teams of multiple agents with incomplete information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate search strategies for multi-player pursuit-evasion games, in which a team of pursuers try to detect and capture multiple intelligent evaders. These are games with incomplete information for which there is no complete theory of existence of optimal solutions. We present a number of heuristic pursuit strategies and compare their performance using capture time as the

Adonis Antoniades; H. J. Kim; Shankar Sastry

2003-01-01

254

Credit for What? Informal Credit as a Coping Strategy of Market Women in Northern Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the use of informal credit as a strategy for managing risks by market women in northern Ghana. A broad concept of the costs of risk management strategies is introduced and encompasses both a time and monetary dimension. Based on qualitative data, the analysis reveals that market women invest a considerable amount of time in maintaining complex networks

Kati Schindler

2010-01-01

255

Information technology as an enabler for mass customization strategy: Integrating customer and organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mass customization is a strategy adopted by organizations in order to offer customized goods and services to customers. The understanding of customers' preferences and their demands for personalization about one product or service and then translate it to the product design & research team is a key point to make mass customization strategy work. In this context, information technology (IT)

Kumiko Oshio Kissimoto; Fernando José Barbin Laurindo

2010-01-01

256

A Systematic Instructional Design Strategy Derived from Information-Processing Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends an instructional design strategy derived from information processing theory and research which would include the planned presentation of retrieval events and encourage learners to manage some aspects of their own learning. Twelve references are listed. (MER)

Bell, Margaret E.

1981-01-01

257

Social and Cognitive System for Learning Negotiation Strategies with Incomplete Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding adequate (win-win solutions for both parties) negotiation strategy with incomplete information for autonomous agents, even in one-to-one negotiation, is a complex problem. First part of this paper aims to\\u000a develop negotiation strategies for autonomous agents with incomplete information, where negotiation behaviors, based on time-dependent\\u000a behaviors, are suggested to be used in combination (inspired from empirical human negotiation research). Suggested

Amine Chohra; Arash Bahrammirzaee; Kurosh Madani

2009-01-01

258

75 FR 25850 - Materials Strategy Request for Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy (DOE) is seeking information from stakeholders on rare earth elements and other materials used in energy technologies, particularly...to develop a strategic plan for addressing the role of rare earth elements and other materials in energy technologies and...

2010-05-10

259

Strategies on the Implementation of China's Logistics Information Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The economic globalization and trend of e-commerce network have determined that the logistics industry will be rapidly developed in the 21st century. In order to achieve the optimal allocation of resources, a worldwide rapid and sound customer service system should be established. The establishment of a corresponding modern logistics system is the inevitable choice of this requirement. It is also the inevitable choice for the development of modern logistics industry in China. The perfect combination of modern logistics and information network can better promote the development of the logistics industry. Through the analysis of Status of Logistics Industry in China, this paper summed up the domestic logistics enterprise logistics information system in the building of some common problems. According to logistics information systems planning methods and principles set out logistics information system to optimize the management model.

Dong, Yahui; Li, Wei; Guo, Xuwen

260

Sustainability of the Dissemination of an Occupational Sun Protection Program in a Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sustainability of an occupational sun safety program, Go Sun Smart (GSS), was explored in a randomized trial, testing dissemination strategies at 68 U.S. and Canadian ski areas in 2004-2007. All ski areas received GSS from the National Ski Areas Association through a Basic Dissemination Strategy (BDS) using conference presentations and free…

Buller, David B.; Walkosz, Barbara J.; Andersen, Peter A.; Scott, Michael D.; Dignan, Mark B.; Cutter, Gary R.; Zhang, Xiao; Kane, Ilima L.

2012-01-01

261

Information Sharing Strategies of the United States Federal Government and Its Allies and Our Contributions Towards Implementing these Strategies. Version 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a survey of the major initiatives within the US Federal Government in Information Sharing. In particular, we discuss information sharing strategies and initiatives within the Department of Defense, Department of Justice Department of ...

B. Thuraisingham

2010-01-01

262

A Cognitive Task Analysis of Information Management Strategies in a Computerized Provider Order Entry Environment  

PubMed Central

Objective Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) with electronic documentation, and computerized decision support dramatically changes the information environment of the practicing clinician. Prior work patterns based on paper, verbal exchange, and manual methods are replaced with automated, computerized, and potentially less flexible systems. The objective of this study is to explore the information management strategies that clinicians use in the process of adapting to a CPOE system using cognitive task analysis techniques. Design Observation and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 88 primary-care clinicians at 10 Veterans Administration Medical Centers. Measurements Interviews were taped, transcribed, and extensively analyzed to identify key information management goals, strategies, and tasks. Tasks were aggregated into groups, common components across tasks were clarified, and underlying goals and strategies identified. Results Nearly half of the identified tasks were not fully supported by the available technology. Six core components of tasks were identified. Four meta-cognitive information management goals emerged: 1) Relevance Screening; 2) Ensuring Accuracy; 3) Minimizing memory load; and 4) Negotiating Responsibility. Strategies used to support these goals are presented. Conclusion Users develop a wide array of information management strategies that allow them to successfully adapt to new technology. Supporting the ability of users to develop adaptive strategies to support meta-cognitive goals is a key component of a successful system.

Weir, Charlene R.; Nebeker, Jonathan J.R.; Hicken, Bret L.; Campo, Rebecca; Drews, Frank; LeBar, Beth

2007-01-01

263

The Information Seeking Strategies of High School Science Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the use of the Artemis web-based interface, which provides a digital library for students to search, organize, and evaluate science information related to project-based investigations. Describes high school science students' use of the scaffolding features embedded in Artemis. Reports that students relied upon the Organizational Feature…

Lumpe, Andrew T.; Butler, Kyle

2002-01-01

264

Web 2.0 Strategy in Libraries and Information Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web 2.0 challenges libraries to change from their predominantly centralised service models with integrated library management systems at the hub. Implementation of Web 2.0 technologies and the accompanying attitudinal shifts will demand reconceptualisation of the nature of library and information service around a dynamic, ever changing, networked,…

Byrne, Alex

2008-01-01

265

Strategies of English Independent Learning Ability Based on Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of information technology, the goal of English teaching varies from focusing on the master of language knowledge to attending the human education, and emphasizing the cultivation of independent learning ability and lifelong learning ability. The original method of teaching and learning is not suitable for the need of the cultivating the independent learning ability in the

Zhang Mei

2009-01-01

266

Strategies to reduce information asymmetry in Web Service Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The web service model provides fundamental advantages compared to the classical software usage model. But transactions in the web service market have by far not reached the expected level. A reason for the tendency of market failure is the verifiable information asymmetry and uncertainty in the web service market. Besides deficiencies on the supply side, regarding configuration, display and communication

Maria Wünsche

267

Make It Real: Strategies for Success with Informational Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a practical classroom guide to unlocking the treasures of informational texts. It also aims to demonstrate that reading and writing nonfiction can overcome the gender gap, allowing girls and boys to share interests in any subject from bugs and magnets to gardens and cake baking. It explains the use of a range of instructional…

Hoyt, Linda

268

Recent Strategies for Retrieving Chemical Structure Information on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various methods for retrieving chemical structure information on the World Wide Web are discussed. Although graphical plug-in programs provide more search capabilities, users first have to obtain a copy of the programs. Tripos's WebSketch and ACD Interactive Lab adopt a different approach; using JAVA applets, users create and display a structure…

Lo, Mei Ling

1997-01-01

269

Information, persuasion, and control in moral appraisal of advertising strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formulation of moral issues surrounding consumer advertising tends to focus on the capacity to persuade or inform, and how these capabilities may be used to distort or fulfill needs and desires. Discussion of these issues abstracts from widespread advertising and marketing practices, by assuming that all advertising is mass advertising, broadcast indiscriminately over the entire market population. This assumption

Taylor R. Durham

1984-01-01

270

Syllable-Based Reading Strategy for Mastery of Scientific Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a strategic approach for reading and comprehending scientific information from a middle school science textbook. First, the word-reading skills of children with and without reading difficulties are compared. Second, studies investigating the effectiveness of a syllable-based reading approach on the word-reading skills of…

Bhattacharya, Alpana

2006-01-01

271

Information System Design and Implementation: Strategies for Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agency managers depend upon reliable data for planning, evaluation and funding accountability. Since changes in data requirements are unpredictable, output flexibility must be a goal of information system design. This process is often frustrating and costly as the desire to be all-inclusive may lead to an impractical solution. Successful design and implementation require clear articulation of objectives, ongoing communication with

Gail R. Pollack

1982-01-01

272

Human Trafficking, Information Campaigns, and Strategies of Migration Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information campaigns have been launched since the 1990s in central and eastern Europe to prevent human trafficking and undocumented migration. They attempt to reduce emigration before migrants reach the border and therefore take place within the reinforcement of migration controls. They are designed to discourage potential migrants from leaving by promoting a negative image of migration to western Europe, thus

Céline Nieuwenhuys; Antoine Pécoud

2007-01-01

273

STRATEGIES FOR UTILIZING LABORATORY TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION IN REGULATORY DECISIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

Implementation of the goals of each EPA regulatory program requires the use of laboratory test data to determine the toxicological properties of the chemical substances being regulated. This information is then used to predict the potential impact of a material on the environment...

274

Study on Dissemination Patterns in Location-Aware Gossiping Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the properties of information dissemination over location-aware gossiping networks leveraging location-based real-time communication applications. Gossiping is a promising method for quickly disseminating messages in a large-scale system, but in its application to information dissemination for location-aware applications, it is important to consider the network topology and patterns of spatial dissemination over the network in order to achieve effective delivery of messages to potentially interested users. To this end, we propose a continuous-space network model extended from Kleinberg's small-world model applicable to actual location-based applications. Analytical and simulation-based study shows that the proposed network achieves high dissemination efficiency resulting from geographically neutral dissemination patterns as well as selective dissemination to proximate users. We have designed a highly scalable location management method capable of promptly updating the network topology in response to node movement and have implemented a distributed simulator to perform dynamic target pursuit experiments as one example of applications that are the most sensitive to message forwarding delay. The experimental results show that the proposed network surpasses other types of networks in pursuit efficiency and achieves the desirable dissemination patterns.

Kami, Nobuharu; Baba, Teruyuki; Yoshikawa, Takashi; Morikawa, Hiroyuki

275

Talk as a Metacognitive Strategy during the Information Search Process of Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper describes a metacognitive strategy related to the social dimension of the information search process of adolescents. Method: A case study that used naturalistic methods to explore the metacognitive thinking nd associated emotions of ten adolescents. The study was framed by Kuhlthau's Information Search Process model and…

Bowler, Leanne

2010-01-01

276

Fusion of effective retrieval strategies in the same information retrieval system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior efforts have shown that under certain situations, retrieval effectiveness may be improved via the use of data fusion techniques. Although these improvements have been observed from the fusion of result sets from several distinct information retrieval systems, it has often been thought that fusing different document retrieval strategies in a single information retrieval system will lead to similar improvements.

Steven M. Beitzel; Eric C. Jensen; Abdur Chowdhury; David A. Grossman; Ophir Frieder; Nazli Goharian

2004-01-01

277

Free or Free and Fee: Pricing Strategy of Information Goods on Mobile Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

For Mobile Internet content providers, a common business strategy to promote information goods is to provide free products to increase the user base. The increase of user base will lead to higher value of the content providers on account of positive Internet advertising effect. However, offering a free product may cannibalize some demand of the fee information goods. This study

Yanbin Liu; Ping Yuan

2010-01-01

278

Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

279

Information Assurance and Corporate Strategy: A Delphi Study of Choices, Challenges, and Developments for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we identified processes associated with strengthening the alignment between information assurance, information systems and corporate strategies so that organizations could more effectively address legal and regulatory challenges. Our results are based on data gathered from 43 preliminary interviews and a subsequent Delphi exercise. The Delphi panel rated these processes in terms of desirability and feasibility. After three

Elspeth McFadzean; Jean-Noël Ezingeard; David William Birchall

2011-01-01

280

Strategies to reduce information asymmetry in web service market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The web service model provides fundamental,advantages compared,to the classical software usage model. But transactions in the web service market have by far not reached the expected level. A reason for the tendency of market failure is the verifiable information asymmetry,and uncertainty in the web service market. Besides deficiencies on the supply side, regarding configuration, display and communication of web

Gerrit Tamm; Maria Wünsche

2003-01-01

281

Dissemination and Implementation of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists’ Clinical Practice Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this paper is to summarize information about the dissemination and implementation of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists’ clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) since their completion in 2003, and assess the effectiveness of these activities.Method: The dissemination and implementation activities undertaken from 2003 to the present are described. Data regarding the dissemination of the

David Codyre; Andrew Wilson; Juliette Begg; David Barton

2008-01-01

282

Improving Dissemination of Research Results for Persons with Disabilities and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This historical paper focuses on improving the dissemination of research results to persons with disabilities and their families. It discusses how to determine the nature and form of the information to be disseminated, as well as the methods for reaching intended audiences. Recommended state-of-the-art methods of dissemination for making research…

Friesen, Barbara J.

283

Business Information Strategy--The Strategic Use of Information and Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the strategic value of information technology in business activities focuses on the use of information and knowledge. Highlights include the role of information in value creation; information as a competitive factor; the company as a consumer of information; and methods necessary for the successful use of information. (eight…

Kalseth, Karl

1991-01-01

284

Confirming Preferences or Collecting Data? Information Search Strategies and Romantic Partner Selection  

PubMed Central

This article investigates two kinds of information search strategies in the context of selecting romantic partners. Confirmatory searching occurs when people ask for more information about a romantic partner in order to validate or confirm their assessment. Balanced searches are characterized by a search for risk information for partners rated as attractive and for attractiveness information about partners rated as risky in order to attain a more complete evaluation. A factorial survey computer program randomly constructed 5 types of partner descriptions and college-age respondents evaluated nine descriptions in terms of both health risk and romantic attractiveness outcomes. The results show little evidence of balanced search strategies: for all vignette types the respondents searched for attractiveness information. Regression analysis of the search outcomes showed no difference between males and females in the desire for attractiveness or risk information, the amount of additional information desired, or the proportion of descriptions for which more information was desired. However, an attractive physical appearance did increase the amount of additional information desired and the proportion of vignettes for which more information was desired. The results were generally inconsistent with a balanced search hypothesis; a better characterization of the respondents' strategy might be “confirmatory bias.”

Hennessy, Michael; Fishbein, Martin; Curtis, Brenda; Barrett, Daniel W.

2010-01-01

285

An effective and efficient results merging strategy for multilingual information retrieval in federated search environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multilingual information retrieval is generally understood to mean the retrieval of relevant information in multiple target\\u000a languages in response to a user query in a single source language. In a multilingual federated search environment, different\\u000a information sources contain documents in different languages. A general search strategy in multilingual federated search environments\\u000a is to translate the user query to each language

Luo Si; Jamie Callan; Suleyman Cetintas; Hao Yuan

2008-01-01

286

Information beyond the forum: Motivations, strategies, and impacts of citizen participants seeking information during a consensus conference.  

PubMed

During traditional consensus conferences, organizers control the formal information available to participants-by compiling structured background materials and recruiting expert panelists. Less formally, however, participants are encouraged to bring their own experiences into the deliberations, and in doing so, they often seek outside information. We explore this heretofore understudied phenomenon of information seeking during a deliberative event: the U.S. National Citizens' Technology Forum (2008), which addressed the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science on the potential development of human-enhancement technologies. Through interviews with participants and observation of in-person and online deliberations, we identify outside information-seeking strategies and motivations. Our study demonstrates that conceptualizing models of deliberation as standalone settings of communication exchange ignores the reality of the complex information environment from which deliberative participants draw when making sense of technical issues. Future citizen deliberations must incorporate outside information seeking in the design of the exercises. PMID:23825244

Anderson, Ashley A; Delborne, Jason; Kleinman, Daniel Lee

2013-11-01

287

Combining structured decision making and value-of-information analyses to identify robust management strategies.  

PubMed

Structured decision making and value-of-information analyses can be used to identify robust management strategies even when uncertainty about the response of the system to management is high. We used these methods in a case study of management of the non-native invasive species gray sallow willow (Salix cinerea) in alpine Australia. Establishment of this species is facilitated by wildfire. Managers are charged with developing a management strategy despite extensive uncertainty regarding the frequency of fires, the willow's demography, and the effectiveness of management actions. We worked with managers in Victoria to conduct a formal decision analysis. We used a dynamic model to identify the best management strategy for a range of budgets. We evaluated the robustness of the strategies to uncertainty with value-of-information analyses. Results of the value-of-information analysis indicated that reducing uncertainty would not change which management strategy was identified as the best unless budgets increased substantially. This outcome suggests there would be little value in implementing adaptive management for the problem we analyzed. The value-of-information analyses also highlighted that the main driver of gray sallow willow invasion (i.e., fire frequency) is not necessarily the same factor that is most important for decision making (i.e., willow seed dispersal distance). Value of-information analyses enables managers to better target monitoring and research efforts toward factors critical to making the decision and to assess the need for adaptive management. PMID:22862796

Moore, Joslin L; Runge, Michael C

2012-10-01

288

Technical trading strategies and cross-national information linkage: the case of Taiwan stock market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests four prevalent moving average technical trading rules for Taiwan stock markets. More notably, cross-national information from the US stock markets is also incorporated in our technical trading rules to project Taiwan stock market movements. We then design trading strategies and investigate their predictive power over buy-and-hold strategy. Our results suggest that technical trading rules are predictive for

Yung-Ho Chang; Massoud Metghalchi; Chia-Chung Chan

2006-01-01

289

Information systems strategy and implementation: a case study of a building society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation and implementation of strategy with respect to computer-based information systems (IS) are important issues in many contemporary organizations, including those in the financial services sector. This paper describes and analyzes an in-depth case study of the strategy formation and implementation process in one such organization, a medium-sized UK building society, and relates the process to its organizational and

Geoff Walsham; Timothy Mwololo Waema

1994-01-01

290

Innovation Dissemination in Adult Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While recognizing the constraints of time and money, there is a distinct need for faster and greater dissemination of research results, especially for innovations in adult education. A study of typical dissemination methods, including project publications, conversation presentations, workshops, commercial publications, and inservice teacher…

Grabowski, Stanley M.

291

Distributed event dissemination for ubiquitous agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software agent technology is based on event-driven entities that use asynchronous messaging and high-level languages to communicate. Agents may subscribe information from other agents, update their internal models based on received messages and notifications, and publish notifications to listening agents. Currently, most agent architectures do not employ content-based dissemination of messages or notifications, and the agents need to take care

Sasu Tarkoma

2003-01-01

292

The Swedish strategy and method for development of a national healthcare information architecture.  

PubMed

"We need a precise framework of regulations in order to maintain appropriate and structured health care documentation that ensures that the information maintains a sufficient level of quality to be used in treatment, in research and by the actual patient. The users shall be aided by clearly and uniformly defined terms and concepts, and there should be an information structure that clarifies what to document and how to make the information more useful. Most of all, we need to standardize the information, not just the technical systems." (eHälsa - nytta och näring, Riksdag report 2011/12:RFR5, p. 37). In 2010, the Swedish Government adopted the National e-Health - the national strategy for accessible and secure information in healthcare. The strategy is a revision and extension of the previous strategy from 2006, which was used as input for the most recent efforts to develop a national information structure utilizing business-oriented generic models. A national decision on healthcare informatics standards was made by the Swedish County Councils, which decided to follow and use EN/ISO 13606 as a standard for the development of a universally applicable information structure, including archetypes and templates. The overall aim of the Swedish strategy for development of National Healthcare Information Architecture is to achieve high level semantic interoperability for clinical content and clinical contexts. High level semantic interoperability requires consistently structured clinical data and other types of data with coherent traceability to be mapped to reference clinical models. Archetypes that are formal definitions of the clinical and demographic concepts and some administrative data were developed. Each archetype describes the information structure and content of overarching core clinical concepts. Information that is defined in archetypes should be used for different purposes. Generic clinical process model was made concrete and analyzed. For each decision-making step in the process where information is processed, the amount and type of information and its structure were defined in terms of reference templates. Reference templates manage clinical, administrative and demographic types of information in a specific clinical context. Based on a survey of clinical processes at the reference level, the identification of specific clinical processes such as diabetes and congestive heart failure in adults were made. Process-specific templates were defined by using reference templates and populated with information that was relevant to each health problem in a specific clinical context. Throughout this process, medical data for knowledge management were collected for each health problem. Parallel with the efforts to define archetypes and templates, terminology binding work is on-going. Different strategies are used depending on the terminology binding level. PMID:22491102

Rosenälv, Jessica; Lundell, Karl-Henrik

2012-01-01

293

Japan, moving towards becoming a multi-cultural society, and the way of disseminating multilingual disaster information to non-japanese speakers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan is moving towards becoming a multi-cultural society with the increasing number of foreign residents, with a background of the ageing Japanese population and low-birth rate. We discuss the present situation of the level and type of information provided to non-Japanese speakers, and then introduce the Multilingual Disaster Information System to translate a range of information on natural disasters quickly

Kumi Sato; Kohei Okamoto; Masaru Miyao

2009-01-01

294

Information search and decision making: effects of age and complexity on strategy use.  

PubMed

The impact of task complexity on information search strategy and decision quality was examined in a sample of 135 young, middle-aged, and older adults. We were particularly interested in the competing roles of fluid cognitive ability and domain knowledge and experience, with the former being a negative influence and the latter being a positive influence on older adults' performance. Participants utilized 2 decision matrices, which varied in complexity, regarding a consumer purchase. Using process tracing software and an algorithm developed to assess decision strategy, we recorded search behavior, strategy selection, and final decision. Contrary to expectations, older adults were not more likely than the younger age groups to engage in information-minimizing search behaviors in response to increases in task complexity. Similarly, adults of all ages used comparable decision strategies and adapted their strategies to the demands of the task. We also examined decision outcomes in relation to participants' preferences. Overall, it seems that older adults utilize simpler sets of information primarily reflecting the most valued attributes in making their choice. The results of this study suggest that older adults are adaptive in their approach to decision making and that this ability may benefit from accrued knowledge and experience. PMID:22663157

Queen, Tara L; Hess, Thomas M; Ennis, Gilda E; Dowd, Keith; Grühn, Daniel

2012-12-01

295

Information systems strategy for small and medium sized enterprises: an organisational perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information systems strategy (ISS) use is under-developed for, and under-researched in, small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper reviews existing approaches to ISS for SMEs, finding them now out-dated and technology-focussed. The paper develops an approach that reflects on the role of information as a strategic resource. It argues that ISS recommendations in small firms need to take account

M. Levy; P. Powell

2000-01-01

296

Seeking Information on Interactive Video: The Information Sources and Strategies Used by Corporate Training Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the specific information-seeking process and the information sources employed by corporate training developers and managers when considering the adoption and implementation of interactive video (tape or disc) as an instructional delivery system. Purposes include the identification of available sources of information on…

McLean, Lois Maxine

297

Information management strategies in early adolescence: developmental change in use and transactional associations with psychological adjustment.  

PubMed

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report data (n = 218; 49% female; 49% European American, 47% African American) following Grades 5 (M age = 11 years, 11 months), 6, and 7 show that the use of disclosing strategies (e.g., telling all, telling if asked) following misbehavior declined while use of concealing strategies (e.g., omitting details, keeping secrets, lying) increased over time. Longitudinal links between strategies suggest a transactional process wherein infrequent disclosing is a gateway to concealment but concealment also predicts subsequent rank-order reductions in disclosure. Infrequent disclosing was associated with more subsequent antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms, whereas more antisocial behavior was associated with more subsequent concealment. Although absolute declines in disclosure and increases in concealment are normative, individual differences show that adolescents reporting low levels of disclosure, rather than high levels of concealment, appear to experience the most adjustment problems. PMID:22686172

Laird, Robert D; Marrero, Matthew D; Melching, Jessica A; Kuhn, Emily S

2013-05-01

298

Harnessing Complexity: Taking Advantage of Context and Relationships in Dissemination of School-Based Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools and school systems are increasingly asked to use evidence-based strategies to promote the health and well-being of students. The dissemination of school-based health promotion research, however, offers particular challenges to conventional approaches to dissemination. Schools and education systems are multifaceted organizations that sit within constantly shifting broader contexts. This article argues that health promotion dissemination needs to be rethought

Helen Butler; Glenn Bowes; Sarah Drew; Sara Glover; Celia Godfrey; George Patton; Lea Trafford; Lyndal Bond

2010-01-01

299

Learning User Profiles for Personalized Informat ion Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalized information systems represent the recent effort of delivering information to users more effectively in the modern electronic age. This paper illustrates how a supervised Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) system, known as fuzzy ARAM, can be used to learn user pro- files for personalized information dissemination. ARAM learning is on-line, fast, and incremental. Acquisition of new knowledge does not require

Ah-Hwee Tan; Christine Teo; Heng Mui Keng

1998-01-01

300

Teaching strategies on promoting normal tertiary students multi-intelligent development in information technology circumstances  

Microsoft Academic Search

To train future teachers with advances multiple intelligences is an essential measure to ensure teaching evolution. American psychologist named Howard Gardner presents the theory of Multiple Intelligences (MI) forms the base of the current article. The extensive application of information technology in teaching supports multiple intelligences teaching. This article presents related teaching strategies from four aspects to promote students' multi-Intellectual

Shu-ying Li; Chao-zheng Yang; Ming Zhang; Xu-guang Liang

2010-01-01

301

Strategies To Help Students Cope with the High Information Flow in World Regional Geography Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A traditional world regional geography course inescapably entails a flow of information that many community college students find overwhelming. This paper delineates five strategies developed over 30 years of teaching to help students cope with this fundamental problem: (1) using study guides or a manual to help students understand assigned…

Heath, Douglas E.

302

Media, War, and Propaganda: Strategies of Information Management During the 2003 Iraq War  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now widely acknowledged that the Bush administration used faulty and false information to justify the 2003 war on Iraq, and that the mainstream media, by not adequately investigating the case for war, assisted with the project. In this paper, I outline the particular strategies employed by the media–military industrial complex to ensure a dominance of pro-war arguments in

Deepa Kumar

2006-01-01

303

The Practice of Information Processing Model in the Teaching of Cognitive Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, the differentiation condition of teaching the learning strategies depending on the time which the first grade of primary school teachers carried out to form an information-process skeleton on student is tried to be found out. This process including the efforts of 260 teachers in this direction consists of whether the adequate…

Ozel, Ali

2009-01-01

304

Protection of Critical National Information Infrastructure (CNII) against cyber terrorism: Development of strategy and policy framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical National Information Infrastructure (CNII) is crucial to the survivability of a nation that the destruction or disruption of these systems and communication networks would significantly affect the economic strength, image, defense and security, government capabilities to function, and public health and safety. CNII would probably become an attractive target for terrorists. There is a need to have a strategy

Zahri Yunos; Syahrul Hafidz Suid

2010-01-01

305

Measuring the Informal Economy: A Validation Study of the Resource Generating Strategies Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article reports on the reliability and validity of a new instrument called the Resource Generating Strategies (RGS) Scale, which was created to measure participation in the informal economy. Method: Researchers interviewed 285 adult women who had received domestic violence services, were currently incarcerated, or were residing in…

Pyles, Loretta

2007-01-01

306

Managing the Development of Information Products: An Experiential Learning Strategy for Product Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that technical communicators can retain their place on product development teams by re-engineering project environments. Describes an experiential learning strategy in project management to help technical communicators work with other information technology (IT) practitioners. Examines the solutions the teams produced for three projects…

Skelton, T. M.

2002-01-01

307

Integrating the smartphone into a sound environmental information systems strategy: Principles, practices and a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartphones are both green technologies and an integral parts of green information systems that are beginning to make serious contributions toward a sustainable environment. We trace the rise of the smartphone, with particular attention given to the iPhone and its many applications. The fundamental differences between smartphone-based and more common Internet applications, and how these might enhance sustainable strategies for

Leyland F. Pitt; Michael Parent; Iris A. Junglas; Anthony Chan; Stavroula Spyropoulou

2011-01-01

308

Private Appropriation, Public Dissemination and Commercial Product Development in Genomics (DOE)  

SciTech Connect

With DOE funding, I have conducted research on the topic of patents and technology transfer in the Human Genome Project since 1994. My research has proceeded along the following tracks: (1) research and monitoring of legal developments relating to (a) the patenting of DNA sequences and (b) the role of patents in technology transfer; (2) investigating and monitoring the strategies of different institutions in the public and private sector that are involved in DNA sequencing with respect to patenting and disseminating sequence information; (3) investigating and monitoring the impact of these strategies on those who use sequence information in research and product development. I have published commentary as my research proceeds in a variety of forums directed at scientists, lawyers, and science policy-makers.

Rebecca S. Eisenberg

2003-03-19

309

Herpes zoster (shingles), disseminated (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Herpes zoster (shingles) normally occurs in a limited area that follows a dermatome (see the "dermatome" picture). In individuals with damaged immune systems, herpes zoster may be widespread (disseminated), causing serious illness. Herpes ...

310

The Envisat Data Dissemination System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Envisat Data Dissemination System (DDS) will allow rapid dissemination of the satellite's data products to users across Europe. The system uses a commercial satellite-based network, which is based on the Digital Video Broadcasting (DBV) standard and is integrated into the Internet. It accommodates low-cost user stations and allows for cost-effective use of satellite bandwidth. It is also suitable for use in support of other missions.

Badessi, S.; Moeller, H. L.; Viau, P.; Castrovillari, D.; Collini-Nocker, B.

2002-02-01

311

Dissemination, redissemination and fiber life  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technical background of dissemination of carbon fibers as well as the possibility of redissemination and fiber life are outlined. Plume spread and weather, measures of pollution and of damage potential, and parameters controlling dissemination patterns are among the topics discussed. It is shown that the redissemination rate off hard surfaces decreases with time and that fiber length decreases with time. Redissemination from vegetated land is shown to be insignificant.

Eiber, W.

1979-01-01

312

Catalysts for OTC drug communication strategies: perceptions of information source characteristics by the elderly.  

PubMed

The elderly are the prime users of all medication and especially self-medication using Over-the-Counter (OTC) drugs. This group also has the greatest risk from misuse or interaction of multiple medications. To minimize the risk, information about OTC consumption must be provided to the elderly. This research reports on the importance of various information sources to light and heavy users of OTC medications among the elderly and an evaluation of those information sources with respect to perceived expertise, credibility, understandability and relevance. Communication strategies are suggested for reaching this at-risk group. PMID:10111967

Lumpkin, J R; Lowrey, S J; Strutton, H D; Kouzi, C L

1991-01-01

313

Special Reports. Adventures with E-Books: 2001 in Review; Internet Speed, Library Know-How Intersect in Digital Reference; Libraries, Publishers, Authors, Scholars Jointly Explore Internet Publishing Boundaries; Applying the Principles of Intellectual Freedom: A Cross-Cultural Comparison; Dissemination of Government Information; Copyright 2001: Exploring the Implications of Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These five reports discuss electronic books; the Internet speed and digital reference; Internet publishing from the perspectives of libraries, publishers, authors, and scholars; a cross-cultural comparison of intellectual freedom in the United States and Canada; dissemination of government information; and the implications of technology for…

Dillon, Dennis; Rockman, Ilene F.; Valauskas, Edward J.; Haycock, Ken; Mallette, Michelle; Olsen, Anne; Relyea, Harold C.; Oakley, Robert L.

2002-01-01

314

Social learning strategies and predation risk: minnows copy only when using private information would be costly  

PubMed Central

Animals can acquire information from the environment privately, by sampling it directly, or socially, through learning from others. Generally, private information is more accurate, but expensive to acquire, while social information is cheaper but less reliable. Accordingly, the ‘costly information hypothesis’ predicts that individuals will use private information when the costs associated with doing so are low, but that they should increasingly use social information as the costs of using private information rise. While consistent with considerable data, this theory has yet to be directly tested in a satisfactory manner. We tested this hypothesis by giving minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus) a choice between socially demonstrated and non-demonstrated prey patches under conditions of low, indirect and high simulated predation risk. Subjects had no experience (experiment 1) or prior private information that conflicted with the social information provided by the demonstrators (experiment 2). In both experiments, subjects spent more time in the demonstrated patch than in the non-demonstrated patch, and in experiment 1 made fewer switches between patches, when risk was high compared with when it was low. These findings are consistent with the predictions of the costly information hypothesis, and imply that minnows adopt a ‘copy-when-asocial-learning-is-costly’ learning strategy.

Webster, M.M; Laland, K.N

2008-01-01

315

Space benefits: The secondary application of aerospace technology in other sectors of the economy. [(information dissemination and technology transfer from NASA programs)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space Benefits is a publication that has been prepared for the NASA Technology Utilization Office by the Denver Research Institute's Program for Transfer Research and Impact Studies, to provide the Agency with accurate, convenient, and integrated resource information on the transfer of aerospace technology to other sectors of the U.S. economy. The technological innovations derived from NASA space programs and their current applications in the following areas are considered: (1) manufacturing consumer products, (2) manufacturing capital goods, (3) new consumer products and retailing, (4) electric utilities, (5) environmental quality, (6) food production and processing, (7) government, (8) petroleum and gas, (9) construction, (10) law enforcement, and (11) highway transportation.

1974-01-01

316

Spatial problem-solving strategies of middle school students: Wayfinding with geographic information systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a powerful computer software package that emphasizes the use of maps and the management of spatially referenced environmental data archived in a systems data base. Professional applications of GIS have been in place since the 1980's, but only recently has GIS gained significant attention in the K--12 classroom. Students using GIS are able to manipulate and query data in order to solve all manners of spatial problems. Very few studies have examined how this technological innovation can support classroom learning. In particular, there has been little research on how experience in using the software correlates with a child's spatial cognition and his/her ability to understand spatial relationships. This study investigates the strategies used by middle school students to solve a wayfinding (route-finding) problem using the ArcView GIS software. The research design combined an individual background questionnaire, results from the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) test, and analysis of reflective think-aloud sessions to define the characteristics of the strategies students' used to solve this particular class of spatial problem. Three uniquely different spatial problem solving strategies were identified. Visual/Concrete Wayfinders used a highly visual strategy; Logical/Abstract Wayfinders used GIS software tools to apply a more analytical and systematic approach; Transitional Wayfinders used an approach that showed evidence of one that was shifting from a visual strategy to one that was more analytical. The triangulation of data sources indicates that this progression of wayfinding strategy can be correlated both to Piagetian stages of logical thought and to experience with the use of maps. These findings suggest that GIS teachers must be aware that their students' performance will lie on a continuum that is based on cognitive development, spatial ability, and prior experience with maps. To be most effective, GIS teaching strategies and curriculum development should also represent a progression that correlates to the learners' current skills and experience.

Wigglesworth, John C.

2000-06-01

317

Exemplary Dissemination Programs for Intermediate Units Serving Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing information derived from documents, site visits, correspondence, and personal interviews re: 6 intermediate education units serving rural schools which were initially identified via a mail survey, this report describes intermediate education units with exemplary information dissemination programs. Varying considerably, each program is…

Edington, Everett; Hays, Leonard

318

Information-seeking strategies of novices using a full-text electronic encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exploratory study was conducted of elementary school children searching a full-text electronic encyclo- pedia on CD-ROM. Twenty-eight third and fourth graders and 24 sixth graders conducted two assigned searches, one open-ended, the other one closed, after two demon- stration sessions. Keystrokes captured by the com- puter and observer notes were used to examine user information-seeking strategies from a mental

Gary Marchionini

1989-01-01

319

The Microelectronics Education Programme--Dissemination and Diffusion of Microelectronics Technology in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Microelectronics Education Programme, a development program which embodies the building of a springboard for the dissemination of microelectronic innovations that will benefit education. Springboard activities discussed in detail include information dissemination through regional information centers, inservice teacher training, and…

Milne, J. A.; Anderson, J. S. A.

1984-01-01

320

Efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting Services for the Dissemination of Agricultural Information Resources in the Institure for Agricultural Research Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting service for effective organization, storage and retrieval of information resources for agricultural research in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria necessitated examining the situation in Agricultural Library, Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. The study examines the processes, awareness and problems militating against the effective exploitation of the indexing and abstracting services in the Agricultural library established in 1975. The study was conducted ex post facto, data collected span from 2006 ñ 2010. Total sample sizes of 752 patrons and 20,236 intellectually indexed and abstracted resources were involved in the study. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that a total of 644 articles were indexed and abstracted, 35% of these was done in 2010. Results for awareness show 452 (60.11%) to be aware in 2008. A total 584 articles were indexed and abstracted from which 167 (28.59%) was retrieved in 2006. Patrons, 270 (35.90%) attributed the poor use of the service to assumption it is a referral unit. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is significant association between articles indexed and abstracted with information consulted by patrons (?2cal,100.31>?2tab,9.488) at 5% level of probability and df, 4. In conclusion, enormous documents on Nigerian agriculture are indexed and abstracted in the unit, implying that the service is desirous and consistent. The study recommends that the unit should explore the use of modern technology, employ a permanent subject specialist, train and retrain the unit staff as well as intensify it general orientation campaigns to focus on awareness and use of the indexing and abstracting services.

Gabriel, KASA, M.

2012-10-01

321

Informal, Incidental and Ad Hoc: The Information-Seeking and Learning Strategies of Health Care Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When people are ill, they want to know what is happening to them and how they can get better. Current health policies support patients' access to health information and encourage them to take part in decisions regarding their health. But little is known about how patients learn and the difficulties they may encounter in the process. This paper…

Papen, Uta

2012-01-01

322

Demonstration of Dissemination of Medical Technology Using Area Health Education Centers. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project was a joint venture between the Health Resources and Services Administration's Bureau of Health Professions and the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research to develop, implement, and evaluate effective strategies with which to disseminate c...

1993-01-01

323

Tourist Activity Simulation Model for Assessing Real-Time Tour Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for assessing the effects of tour information systems and information dissemination strategies by incorporating tourists’ decision processes into an activity-based model. There are two important features in tourists’ decision making processes: 1) they generally have limited information and experiences on tour sites and 2) their value of time is higher

Hyunmyung Kim; Jun-Seok Oh; R. Jayakrishnan

2012-01-01

324

A strategy that iteratively retains informative variables for selecting optimal variable subset in multivariate calibration.  

PubMed

Nowadays, with a high dimensionality of dataset, it faces a great challenge in the creation of effective methods which can select an optimal variables subset. In this study, a strategy that considers the possible interaction effect among variables through random combinations was proposed, called iteratively retaining informative variables (IRIV). Moreover, the variables are classified into four categories as strongly informative, weakly informative, uninformative and interfering variables. On this basis, IRIV retains both the strongly and weakly informative variables in every iterative round until no uninformative and interfering variables exist. Three datasets were employed to investigate the performance of IRIV coupled with partial least squares (PLS). The results show that IRIV is a good alternative for variable selection strategy when compared with three outstanding and frequently used variable selection methods such as genetic algorithm-PLS, Monte Carlo uninformative variable elimination by PLS (MC-UVE-PLS) and competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS). The MATLAB source code of IRIV can be freely downloaded for academy research at the website: http://code.google.com/p/multivariate-calibration/downloads/list. PMID:24356218

Yun, Yong-Huan; Wang, Wei-Ting; Tan, Min-Li; Liang, Yi-Zeng; Li, Hong-Dong; Cao, Dong-Sheng; Lu, Hong-Mei; Xu, Qing-Song

2014-01-01

325

The future of time and frequency dissemination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will try to extrapolate the changes in the dissemination of time and frequency information that have taken place during the last 25 years to predict the future developments both in the methods of disseminating time and frequency and in the kinds of customers we will be asked to serve. Two important developments are likely to play pivotal roles in driving the evolution of dissemination. The first is the commercial availability of very high quality clocks -- devices whose performance may eventually rival that of the current generation of primary frequency standards. The widespread use of these devices may blur the traditional distinction between client and server, and may replace it with a more symmetrical interchange of data among peers. The second is the increasing demand for digital time and frequency information driven by the increasing sophistication of everything from traffic lights to electric power meters. The needs of these individual users may not tax the state of the art of primary frequency standards in principle, but their large numbers and wide geographical distribution present a technological challenge that is difficult to meet at a reasonable price using existing methods. Some of these problems may be solved (or at least addressed) using developments in communications and consumer electronics such as the increasing use of fiber-optic telephone circuits and the increasing bandwidth and sophistication of the cable network used to transmit television pictures. To be useful, these advances in hardware must stimulate parallel advances in software algorithms and methods. These advances are more difficult to predict with great confidence, but the developments of the last few years will be examined to provide some indications of the future.

Levine, Judah

1994-05-01

326

Copyright Data Dissemination Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An impressive, multi-functional interface for the Canadian Intellectual Property Office's online services, this Web site is user friendly for anyone in search of existing Canadian patents or copyrights, as well as for those interested in submitting an application for either. Offering extensive how-to information on the application and product development processes, the site will interest those conducting business or research on intellectual property in Canada. Patents, copyrights, and trademarks are all searchable via the main page through either single or multiple terms, however specific or imprecise. For example, users can search for patents via a known patent number or by product type, manufacturer name, or year. Searches can also be conducted on authors, agents, and country of origin. Additionally, all databases can be searched simultaneously and with multiple terms and/or delimiters. As a primary resource, the site also links to other agencies and associations (Canadian and international) that support intellectual property rights and trade.

2001-01-01

327

Embedding strategies for effective use of information from multiple sequence alignments.  

PubMed Central

We describe a new strategy for utilizing multiple sequence alignment information to detect distant relationships in searches of sequence databases. A single sequence representing a protein family is enriched by replacing conserved regions with position-specific scoring matrices (PSSMs) or consensus residues derived from multiple alignments of family members. In comprehensive tests of these and other family representations, PSSM-embedded queries produced the best results overall when used with a special version of the Smith-Waterman searching algorithm. Moreover, embedding consensus residues instead of PSSMs improved performance with readily available single sequence query searching programs, such as BLAST and FASTA. Embedding PSSMs or consensus residues into a representative sequence improves searching performance by extracting multiple alignment information from motif regions while retaining single sequence information where alignment is uncertain.

Henikoff, S.; Henikoff, J. G.

1997-01-01

328

Impact of information cost and switching of trading strategies in an artificial stock market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper studies the switching of trading strategies and its effect on the market volatility in a continuous double auction market. We describe the behavior when some uninformed agents, who we call switchers, decide whether or not to pay for information before they trade. By paying for the information they behave as informed traders. First we verify that our model is able to reproduce some of the stylized facts in real financial markets. Next we consider the relationship between switching and the market volatility under different structures of investors. We find that there exists a positive relationship between the market volatility and the percentage of switchers. We therefore conclude that the switchers are a destabilizing factor in the market. However, for a given fixed percentage of switchers, the proportion of switchers that decide to buy information at a given moment of time is negatively related to the current market volatility. In other words, if more agents pay for information to know the fundamental value at some time, the market volatility will be lower. This is because the market price is closer to the fundamental value due to information diffusion between switchers.

Liu, Yi-Fang; Zhang, Wei; Xu, Chao; Vitting Andersen, Jørgen; Xu, Hai-Chuan

2014-08-01

329

Affection of Sensor Information Accuracy for Condition Based Strategy of GIS/GCB Maintenance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) is a new maintenance strategy and interest of utilities for reliable operation of aged power equipments. Although CBM has been tried to apply for various equipments, since an affection of accuracies of condition information from sensor have not sufficiently discussed, specification of reliable information is still not clear and CBM has not widely applied in actual power substation. The affection of accuracies of condition information for the criteria of failure recognition is treated in this paper. Authors retrace to the potential—failure curve (P-F curve) in original Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) concept and explain the affection. The explanation is proved using comparison with original sensor for CBM and existing sensor in SF6 gas slow leakage detection experiment. As a result of experiment SF6 gas leakage less than 0.1%/year might be detected using CBM sensor. The authors concluded that special performances in sensitivity and long term stability of sensor are very important for reliable operation of power substation under CBM strategy.

Kamei, Mitsuhito; Takai, Osamu

330

Effective and Ineffective Coping with Bullying Strategies as Assessed by Informed Professionals and Their Use by Victimised Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What strategies do students use to cope with bullying and how effective are they? Answers to such questions will not only help students understand how they can cope, but also inform school-wide policies and practices to reduce the incidence of bullying. To do this, schools need evidence on what strategies to focus on to most effectively target…

Murray-Harvey, Rosalind; Skrzypiec, Grace; Slee, Phillip T.

2012-01-01

331

Dialogic Strategies in Read-Alouds of English-Language Information Books in a Second-Grade Bilingual Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows how various dialogic discourse strategies were used in read-alouds of English science information books in a 2nd-grade bilingual classroom. Using a variety of discursive strategies, Ibett encouraged her Spanish-speaking students to provide explanations and reasoning related to science ideas. Similarly, she used intertextual…

Pappas, Christine C.; Varelas, Maria; Patton, Sofia Kokkino; Ye, Li; Ortiz, Ibett

2012-01-01

332

How has information about PROMIS been disseminated?  

Cancer.gov

In 2006 and 2008, the NIH sponsored a conference on PROMIS to publicly introduce the project to the scientific community. Participants discussed a range of conceptual, clinical, and methodological aspects of assessing and using patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in clinical research and practice.

333

Information dissemination in highly dynamic graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate to what extent flooding and routing is possible if the graph is allowed to change unpredictably at each time step. We study what minimal requirements are necessary so that a node may correctly flood or route a message in a network whose links may change arbitrarily at any given point, subject to the condition that the underlying graph

Regina O'Dell; Roger Wattenhofer

2005-01-01

334

Collegiate sororities and dating violence: an exploratory study of informal and formal helping strategies.  

PubMed

Women in collegiate sororities are more at risk for violence within the context of dating relationships than is the general population of college women. Because assaulted women are more likely to turn to their peer networks for support, this study explores the formal and informal helping strategies available to sorority members within the context of their sororities. A total of 35 women representing 17 different sororities participated in 4 focus groups. Although the central finding uncovered how violence is largely omitted from the formal agendas of sororities, community and campus-based programs addressing the issue can build on their sincere interest in helping each other. PMID:17179406

Anderson, Kim M; Danis, Fran S

2007-01-01

335

Wisconsin Dissemination Planning Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activities of the final year are reported as they relate to the objectives of the Wisconsin Dissemination Planning (WDP) Project: (1) to develop a plan for coordination among the dissemination functions in the Department of Public Instruction (DPI) through a state-wide steering committee; (2) to complete a needs assessment for dissemination

Harmatuck, Loretta

336

Developing optimal search strategies for finding information on herbs and other medicinal plants in MEDLINE.  

PubMed

The MEDLINE database is an important resource for locating up-to-date information on herbs and other botanical therapies. However, the evolving nature of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and the complexity of herbal terminology can make it difficult to identify useful citations. This paper describes optimal search strategies for finding clinical information on herbs and medicinal plants in MEDLINE using the PubMed retrieval system. Searchers will benefit from an understanding of the structure of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and PubMed's advanced search capabilities. Details for using PubMed's MeSH Database, Clinical Queries, Clipboard, and limiting features to retrieve pertinent botanical research are described. Tables containing MeSH terms for medicinal plants and useful print and electronic resources are included. PMID:16131300

Saxton, Jane D; Owen, David J

2005-08-01

337

Integrating Library Services and Continuing Education. A Selective Dissemination Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Selective Dissemination Project at a regional medical education center followed a two-and-a-half day continuing education program with related bibliographies at one- and three-month intervals, as well as information on finding the articles in the local library. Evaluations of the service by participating physicians and librarians showed that…

Adelson, Richard; And Others

1984-01-01

338

Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of disseminated intravascular coagulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diagnosis of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) should encompass both clinical and laboratory information. The International Society for Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) DIC scoring system provides objective measurement of DIC. Where DIC is present the scoring system correlates with key clinical observations and outcomes. It is important to repeat the tests to monitor the dynamically changing scenario based on laboratory

M. Levi; C. H. Toh; J. Thachil; H. G. Watson

2009-01-01

339

2+2+2 Dissemination Project Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided in this three-part final report of a project designed to disseminate information to assist California high schools, Regional Occupation Programs, and colleges in developing and strengthening 2+2+2 programs. Part I reviews the following project objectives: (1) hire a project coordinator and technical assistant; (2) develop a…

Sloane, Diana; And Others

340

Efficiency and reliability of epidemic data dissemination in complex networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the dynamics of epidemic spreading processes aimed at spontaneous dissemination of information updates in populations with complex connectivity patterns. The influence of the topological structure of the network in these processes is studied by analyzing the behavior of several global parameters, such as reliability, efficiency, and load. Large-scale numerical simulations of update-spreading processes show that while networks with

Yamir Moreno; Maziar Nekovee; Alessandro Vespignani

2004-01-01

341

Knowledge Generation, Organization Dissemination and Utilization for Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A "communication system" paradigm for dissemination of appropriate knowledge, information, and technology needed for effective rural development is briefly described. The paradigm describes six categories of interrelated functions, activities, and processes: (1) scientific knowledge production by carrying out basic and applied research; (2)…

Beal, George M.

342

Disseminating Improved Practices: Are Volunteer Farmer Trainers Effective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper assesses the effectiveness of volunteer farmer trainers in promoting adoption of agricultural technologies in western Kenya. Specifically, the purpose was to assess the type of information they disseminated, farmer trainers' characteristics desirable to farmer trainees, and how trainees evaluate farmer trainers.…

Lukuyu, B.; Place, F.; Franzel, S.; Kiptot, E.

2012-01-01

343

Gating, enhanced gating, and beyond: information utilization strategies for motion management, applied to preclinical PET  

PubMed Central

Background Respiratory gating and gate optimization strategies present solutions for overcoming image degradation caused by respiratory motion in PET and traditionally utilize hardware systems and/or employ complex processing algorithms. In this work, we aimed to advance recently emerging data-driven gating methods and introduce a new strategy for optimizing the four-dimensional data based on information contained in that data. These algorithms are combined to form an automated motion correction workflow. Methods Software-based gating methods were applied to a nonspecific population of 84 small-animal rat PET scans to create respiratory gated images. The gated PET images were then optimized using an algorithm we introduce as ‘gating+’ to reduce noise and optimize signal; the technique was also tested using simulations. Gating+ is based on a principle of only using gated information if and where it adds a net benefit, as evaluated in temporal frequency space. Motion-corrected images were assessed quantitatively and qualitatively. Results Of the small-animal PET scans, 71% exhibited quantifiable motion after software gating. The mean liver displacement was 3.25 mm for gated and 3.04 mm for gating+ images. The (relative) mean percent standard deviations measured in background ROIs were 1.53, 1.05, and 1.00 for the gated, gating+, and ungated values, respectively. Simulations confirmed that gating+ image voxels had a higher probability of being accurate relative to the corresponding ungated values under varying noise and motion scenarios. Additionally, we found motion mapping and phase decoupling models that readily extend from gating+ processing. Conclusions Raw PET data contain information about motion that is not currently utilized. In our work, we showed that through automated processing of standard (ungated) PET acquisitions, (motion-) information-rich images can be constructed with minimal risk of noise introduction. Such methods have the potential for implementation with current PET technology in a robust and reproducible way.

2013-01-01

344

Hematogenous Dissemination in Corpus Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective.The aim of this study was to assess the predictors of hematogenous dissemination (HD) in corpus cancer.Methods. In 612 corpus cancer patients managed surgically, we defined HD as tumor spread to the lung, liver, or other sites via hematogenous routes.Results. We observed 142 instances of tumor spread—71 nonhematogenous and 42 hematogenous to the lung, 9 to the liver, 5 to

Andrea Mariani; Maurice J. Webb; Gary L. Keeney; Giliola Calori; Karl C. Podratz

2001-01-01

345

Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis with endometriosis.  

PubMed

Herein is described the case of a 41-year-old woman with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis with distinct endometriosis. The pathogenesis of both conditions is as yet unclear; however, the 2 main hypotheses are discussed. Metaplastic origin from the secondary müllerian system has been suggested, as well as metastatic development. Inasmuch as spontaneous regression is likely, and the course of the disease can be influenced by hormonal withdrawal, operative measures could be refined to ensure the correct diagnosis and benignity. PMID:22546423

Mueller, Florian; Kuehn, Kerstin; Neudeck, Hermann; Siedentopf, Nina; Ulrich, Uwe

2012-01-01

346

Learning To Share, Sharing To Learn: Fostering Organizational Learning through Teachers' Dissemination of Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the interplay between individual and organizational learning in school, noting factors that motivated and constrained the dissemination of teachers' learning. Information came from a larger qualitative study that explored how individual teachers' learning in a middle school instructional technology project was disseminated to…

Collinson, Vivienne; Cook, Tanya Fedoruk

347

Alzheimer's disease and disseminated mycoses.  

PubMed

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence in the brain of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles that provoke neuronal cell death, vascular dysfunction and inflammatory processes. In the present work, we have analyzed the existence of fungal infection in AD patients. A number of tests have been carried out in blood serum, including the detection of antibodies against several yeast species and fungal proteins, and also the presence of fungal (1,3)-?-glucan. Results from this analysis indicate that there is disseminated fungal infection in the majority of AD patients tested. Of interest, several AD patients contain high levels of fungal polysaccharides in peripheral blood, reflecting that disseminated fungal infection occurs in these patients. Together, these results suggest the presence of disseminated mycoses in blood serum from AD patients. To our knowledge these findings represent the first evidence that fungal infection is detectable in blood samples in AD patients. The possibility that this may represent a risk factor or may contribute to the etiological cause of AD is discussed. PMID:24452965

Alonso, R; Pisa, D; Rábano, A; Carrasco, L

2014-07-01

348

ICTs and Effective Communication Strategies: Specific Needs of Information before, during and after Disasters  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a widespread agreement that the mass media are a powerful and important source of people's perception of the world, the world of foreseen or unfore- seen disasters and risk being no exception. Within disaster management the national media system is an especially important means of disseminating warnings and infor- mation. However, media organisations have their own logic and

Zemp Helena

2011-01-01

349

Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

Rivera, William M.

2006-01-01

350

Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Mobile Web 2.0 Informing a New Institutional E-Learning Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning (m-learning) has moved beyond the realms of fantasy to become a viable platform for contextual learning that bridges formal and informal learning environments. This paper overviews how mobile Web 2.0 has been instrumental in facilitating pedagogical change and informing an institution's new e-learning strategy that focuses upon…

Cochrane, Thomas D.

2011-01-01

351

"What Were You Thinking?": The Use of Metacognitive Strategy during Engagement with Reading Narrative and Informational Genres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study illustrates and compares the metacognitive strategies that a grade-3 female student used while reading narrative and informational texts. Data were collected from interviews, observations, and videotaping of the participant's narrative and informational text oral reading sessions and examined using thematic analysis.…

McTavish, Marianne

2008-01-01

352

An integrated climate service strategy for African drought monitoring and prediction: linking information to action  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For 23 years, the US Agency for International Development's Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) has applied climate data analysis in support of timely food insecurity mitigation and adaptation in Africa. FEWS NET, therefore, provides a compelling example of a sector-specific climate service. We briefly review the phases, successes and shortcomings of the FEWS NET climate service, describe an improved long term climate service strategy, and present new research supporting an improved, integrated drought monitoring approach. Our new monitoring system emphasizes seamless links between historical precipitation archives, near real-time rainfall estimates, and 1-to-4 month statistical predictions. Assessment of forecast skill shows useful levels of accuracy for many regions during key periods of the growing season. Integrating these forecasts with near real time blended satellite-gauge precipitation observations facilitates early identification of mid-season agricultural drought. Integrated historical climate archives (1979-present) permit analysis of observed and forecast climate conditions in terms of historical probabilities and analogs. Tools specific to staple crops and pastoralist settings are then used to assess the likely impacts of hydrometeorological anomalies. These are geographically integrated with livelihoods information and interpreted in terms of current food security conditions and timelines to determine human consequences. A client-server web-mapping data portal will allow users to dynamically access the climate anomaly information, and visualize the results in conjunction with livelihood information.

Funk, C.; Verdin, J. P.; Rowland, J.; Budde, M.

2008-12-01

353

A strategy for neuraminidase inhibitors using mechanism-based labeling information.  

PubMed

A potent inhibitor for Vibrio cholerae neuraminidase (VCNA) was developed by using a novel two-step strategy, a target amino acid validation using mechanism-based labeling information, and a potent inhibitor search using a focused library. The labeling information suggested the hidden dynamics of a loop structure of VCNA, which can be a potential target of the novel inhibitor. A focused library composed of 187 compounds was prepared from a 9-azide derivative of 2,3-dehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid (DANA) to interrupt the function of the loop of the labeled residues. Inhibitor 3?c showed potent inhibition properties and was the strongest inhibitor with FANA, a N-trifluoroacetyl derivative of DANA. Validation studies of the inhibitor with a detergent and a Lineweaver-Burk plot suggested that the 9-substitution group would interact hydrophobically with the target loop moiety, adding a noncompetitive inhibition property to the DANA skeleton. This information enabled us to design compound 4 having the combined structure of 3?c and FANA. Compound 4 showed the most potent inhibition (K(i) =73?nM, mixed inhibition) of VCNA with high selectivity among the tested viral, bacterial, and mammal neuraminidases. PMID:21305698

Hinou, Hiroshi; Miyoshi, Risho; Takasu, Yasuaki; Kai, Hirokazu; Kurogochi, Masaki; Arioka, Shingo; Gao, Xiao-Dong; Miura, Nobuaki; Fujitani, Naoki; Omoto, Shinya; Yoshinaga, Tomokazu; Fujiwara, Tamio; Noshi, Takeshi; Togame, Hiroko; Takemoto, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Shin-Ichiro

2011-04-01

354

Perceptual response and information pick-up strategies within a family of sports.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine whether and how the perceptual response of athletes differed depending on their sporting expertise. This was achieved by comparing the responses of tennis and soft tennis players. Twelve experienced tennis players and 12 experienced soft tennis players viewed computer graphic serve motions simulated by a motion perturbation technique, and then scaled their anticipatory judgments regarding the direction, speed, and spin of the ball on a visual analogue scale. Experiment 1 evaluated the player's judgments in response to test motions rendered with a complete polygon model. The results revealed significantly different anticipatory judgments between the player groups when an elbow rotation perturbation was applied to the test serve motion. Experiment 2 used spatially occluded models in order to investigate the effectiveness of local information in making anticipatory judgments. The results suggested that the isolation of visual information had less effect on the judgment of the tennis players than on that of the soft tennis players. In conclusion, the domain of sporting expertise, including those of closely related sports, cannot only differentiate the anticipatory judgment of a ball's future flight path, but also affect the utilization strategy for the local kinematic information. PMID:23273424

Ida, Hirofumi; Fukuhara, Kazunobu; Ishii, Motonobu; Inoue, Tetsuri

2013-02-01

355

[Two cases of disseminated toxoplasmosis].  

PubMed

Two cases of disseminated fatal toxoplasmosis of a pet mouse and a red panda are described. The pet mouse had a private owner; the red panda lived in a zoological garden in Saxony. At necropsy, both animals suffered from a systemic toxoplasmosis. A severe necrotizing hepatitis was the main histological feature in both animals. Parasitic cysts could be abundantly found in the liver, moderately in the brain and in a low number in other organs. With the PAS-reaction, cysts showed a weak staining in the mouse and a strong staining in the red panda. Diagnosis was confirmed by PCR and immunohistochemistry. PMID:22331331

Stief, B; Kiesow, C; Ellenberger, C

2012-01-01

356

Perforating Disseminated Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum  

PubMed Central

Perforating necrobiosis lipoidica is a very rare clinical variant which consists of degeneration and transepidermal elimination of the collagen with few cases reported in the literature. In two-thirds of the patients it associates with diabetes, with no relation with the glucose control. We present a 42-year-old female patient with a 7-year history of diabetes on insulin therapy, referred to our clinic with a 3-year history of multiple asymptomatic firm plaques disseminated on the upper and lower extremities. The clinical and histological findings proved the diagnosis of perforating necrobiosis lipoidica.

Dourmishev, Lyubomir; Vassileva, Snejina; Miteva, Ljubka; Balabanova, Maria

2013-01-01

357

Vaccination with Recombinant N-Terminal Domain of Als1p Improves Survival during Murine Disseminated Candidiasis by Enhancing Cell-Mediated, Not Humoral, Immunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Candida spp. are opportunistic fungal pathogens that are among the most common causes of nosocomial bloodstream infections. The mortality attributable to disseminated candidiasis is 40 to 50% despite antifungal therapy. Clearly, new strategies are needed to prevent this life-threatening infection. Because risk factors for disseminated candidiasis are well defined and frequently of limited duration, vaccination is an appealing prophylactic strategy.

Ashraf S. Ibrahim; Brad J. Spellberg; Valentina Avenissian; Yue Fu; Scott G. Filler; John E. Edwards

2005-01-01

358

An evaluation of two approaches for teaching reading comprehension strategies in the primary years using science information texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are few research studies on the effects of teaching comprehension strategies to young children in the primary grades. Using a Dominant–Less Dominant Mixed Model design employing both qualitative and quantitative data collection, we evaluated two approaches for teaching comprehension strategies to 7- and 8-year-old children in four second-grade classrooms using science information texts. The first approach focused upon explicitly

D. Ray Reutzel; John A. Smith; Parker C. Fawson

2005-01-01

359

Dissemination, adoption, and implementation of acamprosate for treating alcohol use disorders.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT. Objective: Acamprosate has been available in the United States for treating alcohol use disorders (AUDs) for nearly a decade, yet few studies have examined its use within AUD treatment organizations. In addition to describing dissemination and adoption of acamprosate, this study provides novel data regarding organizational processes that underlie its implementation within adopting programs. Method: Data were drawn from interviews with leaders of a nationally representative sample of 307 organizations delivering AUD treatment. Quantitative indicators of organizational characteristics, dissemination, adoption, and implementation of acamprosate, as well as qualitative measures of implementation processes, were measured during face-to-face interviews. Results: Only 18.0% (n = 55) of sampled organizations had adopted acamprosate for treating AUDs, and adoption was positively associated with accreditation, having a physician on staff, receiving information about acamprosate via pharmaceutical representatives, and learning about this medication from other treatment providers. Within adopting programs, an average of 6.0% of AUD patients were currently receiving acamprosate. Numerous implementation challenges were identified, including appropriate patient selection, patient reluctance to be prescribed acamprosate, suboptimal adherence, its costs, and limited counselor training. Conclusions: The limited adoption and implementation of acamprosate likely limits the potential public health impact of this adjunct to AUD treatment. Research integrating the perspectives of organizational leaders, medical professionals, and patients is needed to determine whether specific strategies can address the implementation challenges identified in the current study and increase use of acamprosate in specialty AUD treatment settings. (J. Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 75, 467-475, 2014). PMID:24766759

Knudsen, Hannah K; Roman, Paul M

2014-05-01

360

Disseminated Trichosporonosis Caused by Trichosporon loubieri  

PubMed Central

Trichosporonosis is an emerging invasive fungal infection in immunosuppressed patients; a case of disseminated infection caused by Trichosporon loubieri presented confirms its role as a human pathogen.

Marty, Francisco M.; Barouch, Dan H.; Coakley, Eoin P.; Baden, Lindsey R.

2003-01-01

361

Marketing strategy support system for business customer sales and territory sales information  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A marketing strategy support system has a server apparatus and a plurality of client apparatuses which can be connected through a communication device to the server apparatus. The server apparatus is provided with file devices for storing business customer sales information, territory sales information and own-product-business customer sale information. The server apparatus is also provided with calculating devices for calculating a deviation value "a" of a sale Y1 in each business customer, a change rate Y2 to a term of the total sales in each territory, a deviation value "b" of the change rate Y2 in each territory, a sale X1 on an actually sold base corresponding to a sale of one's own company's product to each business customer, a deviation value "c" of the sale X1 in each business customer, a change rate X2 to a term of the sale X1 as an index indicative of a growth of a selling power in each business customer, a deviation value "d" of the change rate X2 in each business customer, a PPM (Product Portfolio Management) parameter Y indicative of an attractiveness of each business customer as a weighted average of the deviation values "a" and "b", and a PPM parameter X indicative of one's own company's strength of each business customer as a weighted average of the deviation values "c" and "d". Each of the client apparatuses is provided with a display device for displaying a scatter diagram in which the obtained PPM parameters Y and X are plotted on X-Y coordinates.

2003-06-10

362

Reframing the Dissemination Challenge: A Marketing and Distribution Perspective  

PubMed Central

A fundamental obstacle to successful dissemination and implementation of evidence-based public health programs is the near-total absence of systems and infrastructure for marketing and distribution. We describe the functions of a marketing and distribution system, and we explain how it would help move effective public health programs from research to practice. Then we critically evaluate the 4 dominant strategies now used to promote dissemination and implementation, and we explain how each would be enhanced by marketing and distribution systems. Finally, we make 6 recommendations for building the needed system infrastructure and discuss the responsibility within the public health community for implementation of these recommendations. Without serious investment in such infrastructure, application of proven solutions in public health practice will continue to occur slowly and rarely.

Bernhardt, Jay M.

2009-01-01

363

Using epidemiological information to develop effective integrated virus disease management strategies.  

PubMed

Virus diseases cause serious losses in yield and quality of cultivated plants worldwide. These losses and the resulting financial damage can be limited by controlling epidemics using measures that minimise virus infection sources or suppress virus spread. For each combination of virus, cultivated plant and production system, there is an 'economic threshold' above which the financial damage is sufficient to justify using such measures. However, individual measures used alone may bring only small benefits and they may become ineffective, especially over the long term. When diverse control measures that act in different ways are combined and used together, their effects are complementary resulting in far more effective overall control. Such experiences have led to the development of integrated management concepts for virus diseases that combine available host resistance, cultural, chemical and biological control measures. Selecting the ideal mix of measures for each pathosystem and production situation requires detailed knowledge of the epidemiology of the causal virus and the mode of action of each individual control measure so that diverse responses can be devised to meet the unique features of each of the different scenarios considered. The strategies developed must be robust and necessitate minimal extra expense, labour demands and disruption to standard practices. Examples of how epidemiological information can be used to develop effective integrated disease management (IDM) strategies for diverse situations are described. They involve circumstances where virus transmission from plant-to-plant occurs in four different ways: by contact, non-persistently or persistently by insect vectors, and by root-infecting fungi. The examples are: Subterranean clover mottle virus (SCMoV) (contact-transmitted) and Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) (non-persistently aphid-transmitted) in annually self-regenerating clover pasture; three seed-borne viruses (all non-persistently aphid-transmitted) plots of pasture legume improvement programmes; Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) (persistently thrips-transmitted) in vegetables in seedling nurseries, protected cropping or field systems; and lettuce big-vein disease (fungus-transmitted) in lettuce in seedling nursery, hydroponic, infested field or uninfested field situations. By describing the kinds of approaches required, this article is intended to help future research and extension programmes devise integrated disease management strategies that not only function effectively to diminish the losses caused by economically important plant virus diseases but also fulfill the requirement of being environmentally and socially responsible. PMID:15036832

Jones, Roger A C

2004-03-01

364

Meshing Corporate and Career Development Strategies. (Reannouncement with New Availability Information).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This chapter starts with a brief description of corporate and human resource strategic planning and a more detailed view of career development strategy. Then, a matrix is discussed in which business strategies are matched with the appropriate career devel...

R. F. Morrison

1991-01-01

365

Obstetrical disseminated intravascular coagulation score.  

PubMed

Obstetrical disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is usually a very acute, serious complication of pregnancy. The obstetrical DIC score helps with making a prompt diagnosis and starting treatment early. This DIC score, in which higher scores are given for clinical parameters rather than for laboratory parameters, has three components: (i) the underlying diseases; (ii) the clinical symptoms; and (iii) the laboratory findings (coagulation tests). It is justifiably appropriate to initiate therapy for DIC when the obstetrical DIC score reaches 8 points or more before obtaining the results of coagulation tests. Improvement of blood coagulation tests and clinical symptoms are essential to the efficacy evaluation for treatment after a diagnosis of obstetrical DIC. Therefore, the efficacy evaluation criteria for obstetrical DIC are also defined to enable follow-up of the clinical efficacy of DIC therapy. PMID:24888908

Kobayashi, Takao

2014-06-01

366

Disseminated chlorellosis in a dog.  

PubMed

An adult dog with ataxia and a lingual mass, previously diagnosed as protothecosis, was euthanized. At the postmortem examination, the lingual mass, regions of the lungs and hilar lymph nodes, liver, mesenteric and sublumbar lymph nodes, and spinal meninges had pronounced green discoloration. Histologically, pyogranulomatous inflammation and algal organisms were found in the tongue, spinal meninges, hilar and mesenteric lymph nodes, liver, and lung. The algae had cell walls positive for periodic acid-Schiff and cytoplasmic granules. Ultrastructurally, the algae had a well-defined cell wall, stacks of grana and thylakoid membrane, and dense bodies, typical of starch granules. The organisms were identified as Chlorella, a green alga, based on the results of histochemistical and electron microscopic examination. To the author's knowledge this is the first report of disseminated Chlorella infection and the first report in a companion animal. PMID:19176504

Quigley, R R; Knowles, K E; Johnson, G C

2009-05-01

367

Data-Informed Decision Making on High-Impact Strategies: Developing and Validating an Instrument for Principals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the authors connect 3 streams of literature to develop an instrument for measuring the degree to which principals engage in data-informed decision making on high-impact strategies that are empirically associated with higher student achievement. The 3 literature streams are (a) the importance of data-informed decision making, (b) the role of principals in school effectiveness, and (c) high-impact

Jianping Shen; Van E. Cooley; Xin Ma; Patricia L. Reeves; Walter L. Burt; J. Mark Rainey; Wenhui Yuan

2012-01-01

368

Strategies Which Foster Broad Use and Deployment of Earth and Space Science Informal and Formal Education Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Education projects supported by federal agencies and carried out by a wide range of organizations foster learning about Earth and Space systems science in a wide array of venues. Across these agencies a range of strategies are employed to ensure that effective materials are created for these diverse venues. And that these materials are deployed broadly so that a large spectrum of the American Public, both adults and children alike, can learn and become excited by the Earth and space system science. This session will highlight some of those strategies and will cover representative examples to illustrate the effectiveness of the strategies. Invited speakers from selected formal and informal educational efforts will anchor this session. Speakers with representative examples are encouraged to submit abstracts for the session to showcase the strategies which they use.

Meeson, Blanche W.; Gabrys, Robert; Ireton, M. Frank; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

369

Information Management Strategies Within Conversations About Cigarette Smoking: Parenting Correlates and Longitudinal Associations With Teen Smoking  

PubMed Central

The present study examined smoking-specific and general parenting predictors of in vivo observed patterns of parent–adolescent discussion concerning adolescents’ cigarette smoking experiences and associations between these observed patterns and 24-month longitudinal trajectories of teen cigarette smoking behavior (nonsmokers, current experimenters, escalators). Parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent information management were coded from direct observations of 528 video-recorded parent–adolescent discussions about cigarette smoking with 344 teens (M age = 15.62 years) with a history of smoking experimentation (321 interactions with mothers, 207 interactions with fathers). Adolescent initiation of discussions concerning their own smoking behavior (21% of interactions) was predicted by lower levels of maternal observed disapproval of cigarette smoking and fewer teen-reported communication problems with mothers. Maternal initiation in discussions (35% of interactions) was associated with higher levels of family rules about illicit substance use. Three categories of adolescent information management (full disclosure, active secrecy, incomplete strategies) were coded by matching adolescents’ confidential self-reported smoking status with their observed spontaneous disclosures and responses to parental solicitations. Fully disclosing teens reported higher quality communication with their mothers (more open, less problematic). Teens engaged in active secrecy with their mothers when families had high levels of parental rules about illicit substance use and when mothers expressed lower levels of expectancies that their teen would smoke in the future. Adolescents were more likely to escalate their smoking over 2 years if their parents initiated the discussion of adolescent smoking behavior (solicited) and if adolescents engaged in active secrecy.

Metzger, Aaron; Wakschlag, Lauren S.; Anderson, Ryan; Darfler, Anne; Price, Juliette; Flores, Zujeil; Mermelstein, Robin

2013-01-01

370

Dissemination of CERN Technologies Through External Entrepreneurs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on dissemination of innovations through external entrepreneurs. The innovations studied are developed at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and commercialized by entrepreneurs establishing spin-off companies on the outside of the Organization. The objective of this study is to provide knowledge to facilitate future external entrepreneurs to increase dissemination of CERN technologies. The research questions looks

Bjørnulf Visdal Lande; Arild Aspelund; Henning Huuse

2008-01-01

371

Disseminated candidiasis 18 years after renal transplantation.  

PubMed

Although mucocutaneous candidiasis is a common infection in renal transplant recipients, disseminated candidiasis is rare. Candida pnemonia causing miliary mottling on X-ray chest with the central nervous system involvement is still rarer. We report an unusual case with disseminated candidiasis that presented 18 years after renal transplantation and improved on conventional antifungal therapy; the relevant literature is reviewed. PMID:23439779

Bismay, K; Mathew, A; Rajesh, R; Kurian, G; Unni, V N; Kavita, R D; Sreehari, S

2012-11-01

372

Disseminated candidiasis 18 years after renal transplantation  

PubMed Central

Although mucocutaneous candidiasis is a common infection in renal transplant recipients, disseminated candidiasis is rare. Candida pnemonia causing miliary mottling on X-ray chest with the central nervous system involvement is still rarer. We report an unusual case with disseminated candidiasis that presented 18 years after renal transplantation and improved on conventional antifungal therapy; the relevant literature is reviewed.

Bismay, K.; Mathew, A.; Rajesh, R.; Kurian, G.; Unni, V. N.; Kavita, R. D.; Sreehari, S.

2012-01-01

373

The superbugs: evolution, dissemination and fitness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the introduction of antibiotics, bacteria have not only evolved elegant resistance mechanisms to thwart their effect, but have also evolved ways in which to disseminate themselves or their resistance genes to other susceptible bacteria. During the past few years, research has revealed not only how such resistance mechanisms have been able to evolve and to rapidly disseminate, but also

Andrew Morris; James D Kellner; Donald E Low

1998-01-01

374

The impact of learner characteristics on information utilization strategies, cognitive load experienced, and performance in hypermedia learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against the background of an adaptation of Cognitive Load Theory to learner-controlled settings we investigated the impact of learner characteristics on information utilization strategies, cognitive load, and learning outcomes in a hypermedia environment. Based on the data of 79 students, five clusters of students were identified according to their learner characteristics by means of a cluster analysis. Further analyses showed

Katharina Scheiter; Peter Gerjets; Brigitte Vollmann; Richard Catrambone

2009-01-01

375

Effects of Information Distributions Strategies in a Web-Based Course Management System on Student Performance and Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of three information distribution strategies on student performance and satisfaction were investigated. Data analysis found that distributing materials in class resulted in higher student performance on an end-of-the-semester knowledge test than when materials were distributed via a course management system at the beginning of the…

Lohman, Margaret C.

2006-01-01

376

Successful Information and Communication Technology Implementation Strategies for Rural Communities: An Investigation of Tech-Based Economic Development Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many rural communities across America face several obstacles in the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) initiatives and struggle with the best approaches for leveraging these elements into an economic development strategy. These obstacles include: lack of quality local ICTs infrastructure, funding, inability to…

Sullivan, Donna Annette

2009-01-01

377

Creating Renaissance Employees in an Era of Convergence between Information Technology and Business Strategy: A Proposal for Business Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The electronic commerce environment requires cross-functional managers who understand both information technology (IT) and business strategy. Disciplinary boundaries restrict the flexibility of business schools to provide cross-functional education and training. Schools must integrate IT with other disciplines. (SK)

Celsi, Richard; Wolfinbarger, Mary

2001-01-01

378

Provisioning geographic data-centric dissemination in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose to enhance a data-centric dissemination framework with geographic information and network-level caching in wireless sensor networks. The proposed framework enhances data-centric routing with three principal components: (1) publish\\/subscribe paradigm to coordinate sources and sinks; (2) geographic diffusion to mitigate unnecessary data forwarding; (3) network-level caching to process data or reduce redundancy in message delivery. We

Hyunjun Choi; Hwangnam Kim; Sunshin An; Minsu Kim; Young Ki Jeon

2009-01-01

379

APS Archive of Teaching Resources: Dissemination: Strategies for Disseminating Your Materials and Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a powerpoint presentation from the 2009 Science Education Partnership Award Project Directors Meeting in St. Paul, MN. This presentation describes what digital resources are, and how to access these types of materials in the APS Archive.

Amy Feuerstein (The American Physiological Society Education)

2009-05-20

380

The Cost-Effectiveness and Value of Information of Three Influenza Vaccination Dosing Strategies for Individuals with Human Immunodeficiency Virus  

PubMed Central

Background Influenza vaccine immunogenicity is diminished in patients living with HIV/AIDS. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness and expected value of perfect information (EVPI) of three alternative influenza vaccine dosing strategies intended to increase immunogenicity in those patients. Methods A randomized, multi-centered, controlled, vaccine trial was conducted at 12 CIHR Canadian HIV Trials Network sites. Three dosing strategies with seasonal, inactivated trivalent, non-adjuvanted intramuscular vaccine were used in HIV infected adults: two standard doses over 28 days (Strategy A), two double doses over 28 days (Strategy B) and a single standard dose of influenza vaccine (Strategy C), administered prior to the 2008 influenza season. The comparator in our analysis was practice in the previous year, in which 82.8% of HIV/AIDS received standard-dose vaccination (Strategy D). A Markov cohort model was developed to estimate the monthly probability of Influenza-like Illness (ILI) over one influenza season. Costs and quality-adjusted life years, extrapolated to the lifetime of the hypothetical study cohorts, were estimated in calculating incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) and EVPI in conducting further research. Results 298 patients with median CD4 of 470 cells/µl and 76% with viral load suppression were randomized. Strategy C was the most cost-effective strategy for the overall trial population and for suppressed and unsuppressed individuals. Mean ICERs for Strategy A for unsuppressed patients could also be considered cost-effective. The level of uncertainty regarding the decision to implement strategy A versus C for unsuppressed individuals was high. The maximum acceptable cost of reducing decision uncertainty in implementing strategy A for individuals with unsuppressed pVL was $418,000 - below the cost of conducting a larger-scale trial. Conclusion Our results do not support a policy to implement increased antigen dose or booster dosing strategies with seasonal, inactivated trivalent, non-adjuvanted intramuscular vaccine for individuals with HIV in Canada. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00764998.

Nosyk, Bohdan; Sharif, Behnam; Sun, Huiying; Cooper, Curtis; Anis, Aslam H.

2011-01-01

381

Information Technology and Decision Support Tools for Stakeholder-Driven River Basin Salinity Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovative strategies for effective basin-scale salinity management have been developed in the Hunter River Basin of Australia and more recently in the San Joaquin River Basin of California. In both instances web-based stakeholder information dissemination has been a key to achieving a high level of stakeholder involvement and the formulation of effective decision support salinity management tools. A common element

Nigel W. T. Quinn; Daniel B. Cozad; Gene Lee

2010-01-01

382

GPO's Vision for Access to Government Information in the Electronic Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the planned transformation of the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) from a printer to a multimedia disseminator of information products and services considers the need for a governmentwide publishing policy; the underlying principles that define the GPO's role; and strategies for providing access to online data. (six references)…

Kelley, Wayne P., Jr.

1992-01-01

383

Final Product Strategies in Purchasing and Their Impact on the Information Needs of the Organisation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purchasing contributes significantly to an organization and to its business strategy only if its activities and contracts with suppliers are guided by support criteria for the final products that the organization sells. Outlined in this paper are four innovative purchasing strategies: capitation contracts; product life cycle cost contracts;…

Inbar, David

384

Strategies for Balanced Rural-Urban Growth. Agricultural Information Bulletin No. 392.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizing an Economic Research Service (ERS) publication, this guide to a balanced rural-urban growth describes the results of a computer based ERS model which examined seven strategies to improve rural economic development. Based on 1960-70 trends, the model is described as asking how much would be required of each of the following strategies

Edwards, Clark

385

Acute disseminated intravascular coagulation in neuroendocrine carcinoma.  

PubMed

Malignancy is a common cause of disseminated intravascular coagulation and usually presents as a chronic disorder in solid organ tumours. We present a rare case of recurrent acute disseminated intravascular coagulation in neuroendocrine carcinoma after manipulation, firstly, by core biopsy and, later, by cytotoxic therapy causing a release of procoagulants and cytokines from lysed tumour cells. This is reminiscent of tumour lysis syndrome where massive quantities of intracellular electrolytes and nucleic acid are released, causing acute metabolic imbalance and renal failure. This case highlights the potential complication of acute disseminated intravascular coagulation after trauma to malignant cells. PMID:23139666

Teh, Ru-Wen; Tsoi, Daphne T

2012-09-01

386

Converting hard copy documents for electronic dissemination  

SciTech Connect

Since the advent of computer systems, the goal of a paperless office, and even a paperless society, has been pursued. While the normal paper flow in an organization is far from totally automated, particularly for items requiring signatures or authorizations, electronic information dissemination is becoming an almost simple task. The reasons for providing on-line documents are many and include faster and easier access for everyone, elimination of printing costs, reduction of wasted shelf and desk space, and the security of having a centrally-located, always up-to-date document. New computer software even provides the user with the ability to annotate documents and to have bookmarks so that the old scribbled-in and dog-eared manual can be replaced without loosing this `customizability`. Moreover, new hypermedia capabilities mean that documents can be read in a non-linear fashion and can include color figures and photographs, audio, and even animation sequences, capabilities which exceed those of paper. The proliferation of network-based information servers, coupled with the growth of the Internet, has enticed academic, governmental, and even commercial organizations to provide increasing numbers of documents and data bases in electronic form via the network, not just to internal staff, but to the public as well. Much of this information, which includes everything from mundane company procedures to spiffy marketing brochures, was previously published only in hard copy. Converting existing documents to electronic form and producing only electronic versions of new documents poses some interesting challenges to the maintainer or author.

Hoffman, F.

1994-12-31

387

The Implications of the 4 C's of Supply Chain Network Interaction Strategies for Cost Information Visibility and Network Profitability - An Integrative Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The globalization of supply and demand has resulted in increasingly complex supply chain interaction strategies across different\\u000a industries. Since the different interaction strategies are associated with different types of interdependence between partners,\\u000a the impact of these strategies on cost information visibility across a supply chain network merits further investigation.\\u000a The importance of cost information visibility lies in the fact that

Jyotirmoyee Bhattacharjya; David Walters; Charlotte Newton

2010-01-01

388

Identifying strategies to improve access to credible and relevant information for public health professionals: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Movement towards evidence-based practices in many fields suggests that public health (PH) challenges may be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective PH practices is readily available. However, research has shown that many PH information needs are unmet. In addition to reviewing relevant literature, this study performed a comprehensive review of existing information resources and collected data from two representative PH groups, focusing on identifying current practices, expressed information needs, and ideal systems for information access. Methods Nineteen individual interviews were conducted among employees of two domains in a state health department – communicable disease control and community health promotion. Subsequent focus groups gathered additional data on preferences for methods of information access and delivery as well as information format and content. Qualitative methods were used to identify themes in the interview and focus group transcripts. Results Informants expressed similar needs for improved information access including single portal access with a good search engine; automatic notification regarding newly available information; access to best practice information in many areas of interest that extend beyond biomedical subject matter; improved access to grey literature as well as to more systematic reviews, summaries, and full-text articles; better methods for indexing, filtering, and searching for information; and effective ways to archive information accessed. Informants expressed a preference for improving systems with which they were already familiar such as PubMed and listservs rather than introducing new systems of information organization and delivery. A hypothetical ideal model for information organization and delivery was developed based on informants' stated information needs and preferred means of delivery. Features of the model were endorsed by the subjects who reviewed it. Conclusion Many critical information needs of PH practitioners are not being met efficiently or at all. We propose a dual strategy of: 1) promoting incremental improvements in existing information delivery systems based on the expressed preferences of the PH users of the systems and 2) the concurrent development and rigorous evaluation of new models of information organization and delivery that draw on successful resources already operating to deliver information to clinical medical practitioners.

LaPelle, Nancy R; Luckmann, Roger; Simpson, E Hatheway; Martin, Elaine R

2006-01-01

389

Information-seeking strategies and science content understandings of sixth-grade students using on-line learning environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the information-seeking strategies and science content understandings learners developed as a result of using on-line resources in the University of Michigan Digital Library and on the World Wide Web. Eight pairs of sixth grade students from two teachers' classrooms were observed during inquiries for astronomy, ecology, geology, and weather, and a final transfer task assessed learners' capabilities at the end of the school year. Data included video recordings of students' screen activity and conversations, journals and completed activity sheets, final artifacts, and semi-structured interviews. Learners' information-seeking strategies included activities related to asking, planning, tool usage, searching, assessing, synthesizing, writing, and creating. Analysis of data found a majority of learners posed meaningful, openended questions, used technological tools appropriately, developed pertinent search topics, were thoughtful in queries to the digital library, browsed sites purposefully to locate information, and constructed artifacts with novel formats. Students faced challenges when planning activities, assessing resources, and synthesizing information. Possible explanations were posed linking pedagogical practices with learners' growth and use of inquiry strategies. Data from classroom-lab video and teacher interviews showed varying degrees of student scaffolding: development and critique of initial questions, utilization of search tools, use of journals for reflection on activities, and requirements for final artifacts. Science content understandings included recalling information, offering explanations, articulating relationships, and extending explanations. A majority of learners constructed partial understandings limited to information recall and simple explanations, and these occasionally contained inaccurate conceptualizations. Web site design features had some influence on the construction of learners' content understandings. Analysis of data suggests sites with high quality general design, navigation, and content helped to foster the construction of broad and accurate understandings, while context and interactivity had less impact. However, student engagement with inquiry strategies had a greater impact on the construction of understandings. Gaining accurate and in-depth understandings from on-line resources is a complex process for young learners. Teachers can support students by helping them engage in all phases of the information-seeking process, locate useful information with prescreened resources, build background understanding with off-line instruction, and process new information deeply through extending writing and conversation.

Hoffman, Joseph Loris

1999-11-01

390

Dissemination and Aerosol Behavior of Hydrophobic Powders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data have been collected utilizing the apparatus that was built to study shock dissemination while minimizing the complication of wall collisions and agglomeration on the particle-size distribution of the recovered material. Some of the effects can be und...

D. E. Blake C. F. Clark R. C. Crewdson K. G. Dedrick C. E. Lapple

1968-01-01

391

Role of iron in disseminated gonococcal infections.  

PubMed Central

Strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolated from disseminated gonococcal infections have enhanced ability to acquire iron in an experimental host when compared with urogenital gonococcal isolates from patients with uncomplicated infections.

Payne, S M; Holmes, K K; Finkelstein, R A

1978-01-01

392

University Staff Perspectives on Change Management Strategies in Student Information System Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of information technology adoption and use is critical to deriving benefits of information technology. Thus, one of the most challenging issues in information systems research is to understand how people have experienced the adoption process that may lead to insights to why they accept or reject the information technology (Davis,…

Tsang-Kosma, Winnie W.

2010-01-01

393

77 FR 56194 - Promising and Practical Strategies to Increase Postsecondary Success; Request for Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...strategy; and (4) Applicable keywords or tags (meta data tags...through federally supported research, evaluation, and sharing...phrases--also known as ``keywords'' or meta data ``tags...encourages respondents to use keywords or tags to identify...

2012-09-12

394

77 FR 32959 - Request for Information on Strategies for Improving Outcomes for Disconnected Youth  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...you may substitute other keywords or tags. Please do not provide more than eight keywords or tags for each strategy...Appendix A: Standard Keywords and Tags Population Descriptors... Evaluation Action Research Impact...

2012-06-04

395

Massively Parallel Nanostructure Assembly Strategies for Sensing and Information Technology. Phase 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nanoelectronic platforms, bio-detection strategies, and nanostructured materials are capable of addressing a wide range of challenges, including real-time threat monitoring. However, assembling nanomaterials into useful structures is an overarching challe...

C. A. Mirkin S. Hong

2013-01-01

396

Net-centric Information Sharing: Supporting the 21st Century Maritime Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis analyzed Joint Vision 2020 and DoD Transformation technical concepts in the context of the 'Cooperative Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century.' It hypothesizes that Decision Superiority requires a renewed emphasis on the fundamentals of decis...

D. M. Green

2008-01-01

397

Pathwise Strategies for Stochastic Differential Games with an Erratum to 'Stochastic Differential Games with Asymmetric Information'  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a new notion of pathwise strategies for stochastic differential games. This allows us to give a correct meaning to some statement asserted in Cardaliaguet and Rainer (Appl. Math. Optim. 59: 1-36, 2009)

Cardaliaguet, P., E-mail: cardaliaguet@ceremade.dauphine.fr [Universite Paris-Dauphine, Ceremade (France); Rainer, C., E-mail: Catherine.Rainer@univ-brest.fr [Universite de Bretagne Occidentale (France)

2013-08-01

398

ESID, dissemination, and community psychology: a case of partial implementation?  

PubMed

Dissemination, the second stage of Experimental Social Innovation and Dissemination (ESID) is a critical, if not defining, element of this social change model. This paper attempts to assess the extent to which community psychology has adopted and implemented ESID's dissemination focus in its training and publications. We identify four levels of commitment to dissemination: dissemination advocate, dissemination activist, dissemination researcher, and experimental dissemination researcher. Content analyses of textbooks, journal publications, and conference papers and a brief survey of doctoral training in the field were conducted. Findings suggest that the dissemination aspects of ESID have been modestly and partially implemented within the field. That is, although there is some evidence of a commitment to dissemination practice (advocate, activist), there is much less evidence of a commitment to dissemination research. The implications of these findings for the effectiveness of the ESID model and for training and practice in community psychology are discussed. PMID:14703270

Gray, Denis O; Jakes, Susan S; Emshoff, James; Blakely, Craig

2003-12-01

399

Performance Impacts of Strategy, Information Technology Applications, and Business Process Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

his paper develops a conceptual model to study the role of outsourcing strategies and plant-level information technology (IT) application infrastructure in the outsourcing of production and support business processes, as well as their subsequent impact on overall plant performance. We validate this model empirically using cross-sectional survey data from U.S. manufacturing plants. We find that some IT applications are more

Indranil Bardhan; Sunil Mithas; Shu Lin

2009-01-01

400

Functional genomics identifies drivers of medulloblastoma dissemination.  

PubMed

Medulloblastomas are malignant brain tumors that arise in the cerebellum in children and disseminate via the cerebrospinal fluid to the leptomeningeal spaces of the brain and spinal cord. Challenged by the poor prognosis for patients with metastatic dissemination, pediatric oncologists have developed aggressive treatment protocols, combining surgery, craniospinal radiation, and high-dose chemotherapy, that often cause disabling neurotoxic effects in long-term survivors. Insights into the genetic control of medulloblastoma dissemination have come from transposon insertion mutagenesis studies. Mobilizing the Sleeping Beauty transposon in cerebellar neural progenitor cells caused widespread dissemination of typically nonmetastatic medulloblastomas in Patched(+/-) mice, in which Shh signaling is hyperactive. Candidate metastasis genes were identified by sequencing the insertion sites and then mapping these sequences back to the mouse genome. To determine whether genes located at transposon insertion sites directly caused medulloblastomas to disseminate, we overexpressed candidate genes in Nestin(+) neural progenitors in the cerebella of mice by retroviral transfer in combination with Shh. We show here that ectopic expression of Eras, Lhx1, Ccrk, and Akt shifted the in vivo growth characteristics of Shh-induced medulloblastomas from a localized pattern to a disseminated pattern in which tumor cells seeded the leptomeningeal spaces of the brain and spinal cord. PMID:22875024

Mumert, Michael; Dubuc, Adrian; Wu, Xiaochong; Northcott, Paul A; Chin, Steven S; Pedone, Carolyn A; Taylor, Michael D; Fults, Daniel W

2012-10-01

401

Functional Genomics Identifies Drivers of Medulloblastoma Dissemination  

PubMed Central

Medulloblastomas are malignant brain tumors that arise in the cerebellum in children and disseminate via the cerebrospinal fluid to the leptomeningeal spaces of the brain and spinal cord. Challenged by the poor prognosis for patients with metastatic dissemination, pediatric oncologists have developed aggressive treatment protocols, combining surgery, craniospinal radiation, and high-dose chemotherapy that often cause disabling neurotoxic effects in long-term survivors. Insights into the genetic control of medulloblastoma dissemination have come from transposon insertion mutagenesis studies. Mobilizing the Sleeping Beauty transposon in cerebellar neural progenitor cells caused widespread dissemination of typically nonmetastatic medulloblastomas in Patched+/? mice, in which Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling is hyperactive. Candidate metastasis genes were identified by sequencing the insertion sites and then mapping these sequences back to the mouse genome. To determine whether genes located at transposon insertion sites directly caused medulloblastomas to disseminate, we overexpressed candidate genes in Nestin+ neural progenitors in the cerebella of mice by retroviral transfer in combination with Shh. We show here that ectopic expression of Eras, Lhx1, Ccrk, and Akt shifted the in vivo growth characteristics of Shh-induced medulloblastomas from a localized pattern to a disseminated pattern in which tumor cells seeded the leptomeningeal spaces of the brain and spinal cord.

Mumert, Michael; Dubuc, Adrian; Wu, Xiaochong; Northcott, Paul A.; Chin, Steven S.; Pedone, Carolyn A.; Taylor, Michael D.; Fults, Daniel W.

2012-01-01

402

Community Dissemination of the Early Start Denver Model: Implications for Science and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing number of Autism Spectrum Disorder cases exceeds the services available for these children. This increase challenges both researchers and service providers to develop systematic, effective dissemination strategies for transporting university research models to community early intervention (EI) programs. The current study developed an…

Vismara, Laurie A.; Young, Gregory S.; Rogers, Sally J.

2013-01-01

403

Effect of information provisioning on attitude toward surgical castration of male piglets and alternative strategies for avoiding boar taint.  

PubMed

Pork consumers know little about boar taint and the methods used to avoid it. As such, relevant information is necessary to assist consumers to judge the acceptability of different strategies to avoid boar taint. The effect of basic (T1) or extensive (T2) written information or T2 with supplementary audio-visual information (AV) on the opinion concerning immunocastration (IC), raising entire male pigs (EM) and surgical castration with anaesthesia (SA) as compared to castration without anaesthesia (SC) was investigated in a student population. Overall, IC was significantly preferred over SC. The information condition influenced the preference for IC and EM as compared to SC. Participants exposed to AV were more positive to IC than participants exposed to T1 and T2, and more positive to EM than participants exposed to T2. The impact of information condition was not affected by gender, farming experience, knowledge about the boar taint issue or personal relevance of pig welfare. Potential effects of providing background information and media campaigns on public surveys ought to be considered. Supplementary audio-visual information increased the impact of information provisioning. PMID:21300388

Tuyttens, Frank A M; Vanhonacker, Filiep; Langendries, Karolien; Aluwé, Marijke; Millet, Sam; Bekaert, Karen; Verbeke, Wim

2011-10-01

404

The mechanisms and consequences of the extra-pulmonary dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.  

PubMed

The dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the primary focus of infection is central to the pathogenesis of tuberculosis. Trafficking of bacteria to the regional lymph nodes is essential to the development of a protective T-cell mediated immune response, but bacteria trafficked within the bloodstream can lead to extra-pulmonary dissemination and some of the most devastating clinical consequences of tuberculosis. Yet how M. tuberculosis leaves the lungs is poorly understood. Here, we review the potential pathways and molecular mechanisms behind the dissemination of M. tuberculosis and consider the consequences to both host and bacteria. To disseminate M. tuberculosis must breach the alveolar epithelium and various bacterial factors have been implicated in this process. Heparin binding haemagglutinin adhesin (HBHA) enables M. tuberculosis to bind to sulphated glycoconjugates on epithelial cells; disruption of its synthesis severely impairs the ability of bacteria to disseminate from the lungs to the spleen. Two products of the M. tuberculosis RD1 gene locus, early secretory antigenic target 6 kDa (ESAT-6) and culture filtrate protein 10 kDa (CFP-10), have been linked to cell lysis and may enable bacteria to invade and spread within the alveolar epithelium. Recent studies in embryonic zebrafish indicate ESAT-6 may also stimulate the trafficking of infected macrophages within granulomas, thereby promoting the early dissemination of bacteria. These findings challenge conventional notions of the protective role of granulomas in mycobacterial infection and indicate M. tuberculosis has evolved specific mechanisms which utilise granulomas as foci of macrophage recruitment, infection, and subsequent bacterial dissemination. Further understanding of the pathways, mechanisms and consequences of M. tuberculosis dissemination could have a major impact in designing novel vaccines and therapeutic strategies. PMID:20829117

Krishnan, Nitya; Robertson, Brian D; Thwaites, Guy

2010-11-01

405

From the Office of the National Coordinator: the strategy for advancing the exchange of health information.  

PubMed

Electronic health information exchange addresses a critical need in the US health care system to have information follow patients to support patient care. Today little information is shared electronically, leaving doctors without the information they need to provide the best care. With payment reforms providing a strong business driver, the demand for health information exchange is poised to grow. The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, Department of Health and Human Services, has led the process of establishing the essential building blocks that will support health information exchange. Over the coming year, this office will develop additional policies and standards that will make information exchange easier and cheaper and facilitate its use on a broader scale. PMID:22392663

Williams, Claudia; Mostashari, Farzad; Mertz, Kory; Hogin, Emily; Atwal, Parmeeth

2012-03-01

406

Options for the Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water Information Strategy (Working Draft).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information is critical to the management of major national programs and shapes responses to rapidly changing events in the public health arena. The Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water must bring its information management into strategic alignment w...

2001-01-01

407

Alignment strategies and frameworks in co-evolution of business and information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology has become an increasingly integral part of business organizations and a greater interdependence between information technology and business has evolved. The growing business requirements create opportunities for new technologies and advancements in technology provide new business processes and models. Therefore, co-evolutionary changes generate successes in business organizations. Since each evolution requirement either in business processes or information technology

Muhammad Asif Khan; Hussein Zedan

2010-01-01

408

Disseminating research findings: what should researchers do? A systematic scoping review of conceptual frameworks  

PubMed Central

Background Addressing deficiencies in the dissemination and transfer of research-based knowledge into routine clinical practice is high on the policy agenda both in the UK and internationally. However, there is lack of clarity between funding agencies as to what represents dissemination. Moreover, the expectations and guidance provided to researchers vary from one agency to another. Against this background, we performed a systematic scoping to identify and describe any conceptual/organising frameworks that could be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activity. Methods We searched twelve electronic databases (including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO), the reference lists of included studies and of individual funding agency websites to identify potential studies for inclusion. To be included, papers had to present an explicit framework or plan either designed for use by researchers or that could be used to guide dissemination activity. Papers which mentioned dissemination (but did not provide any detail) in the context of a wider knowledge translation framework, were excluded. References were screened independently by at least two reviewers; disagreements were resolved by discussion. For each included paper, the source, the date of publication, a description of the main elements of the framework, and whether there was any implicit/explicit reference to theory were extracted. A narrative synthesis was undertaken. Results Thirty-three frameworks met our inclusion criteria, 20 of which were designed to be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activities. Twenty-eight included frameworks were underpinned at least in part by one or more of three different theoretical approaches, namely persuasive communication, diffusion of innovations theory, and social marketing. Conclusions There are currently a number of theoretically-informed frameworks available to researchers that can be used to help guide their dissemination planning and activity. Given the current emphasis on enhancing the uptake of knowledge about the effects of interventions into routine practice, funders could consider encouraging researchers to adopt a theoretically-informed approach to their research dissemination.

2010-01-01

409

New Information and Communication Technologies in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Strategies and Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will primarily allow a definition of the strategic development of ICT in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to be put forward. For the most part it involves the precision of many types of measures and strategies (such as institutional, regulatory, infrastructural measures), human resources, the development of content and partnerships,…

Banza, Nsomwe-a- Nfunkwa

2006-01-01

410

Information Technology: Making It All Fit. Track VIII: Academic Computing Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six papers from the 1988 CAUSE conference's Track VIII, Academic Computing Strategy, are presented. They include: "Achieving Institution-Wide Computer Fluency: A Five-Year Retrospective" (Paul J. Plourde); "A Methodology and a Policy for Building and Implementing a Strategic Computer Plan" (Frank B. Thomas); "Aligning Planning, Policy Development,…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

411

Facing Facts: Can the Face-Name Mnemonic Strategy Accommodate Additional Factual Information?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 3 experiments, undergraduates used their own best method (control) or an "imposed" face-name mnemonic strategy to associate 18 caricatured faces, names, and additional facts. On all immediate tests (prompted by the faces), and on the delayed tests of Experiments 2a and 2b combined, mnemonic students statistically outperformed control students…

Carney, Russell N.; Levin, Joel R.

2012-01-01

412

A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities and colleges have placed increased emphasis on teaching excellence in higher education. Efforts to promote teaching excellence vary from the development of alternative new pedagogies as well as research exploring strategies to improve existing teaching practices. Logically, different disciplines employ different instructional…

Djajalaksana, Yenni M.

2011-01-01

413

Social Information Processing and Coping Strategies of Shy/Withdrawn and Aggressive Children: Does Friendship Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objectives of this investigation were to examine the attributions, emotional reactions, and coping strategies of shy withdrawn and aggressive girls and boys "and" to examine whether such social cognitions differ within the relationship context of friendship. Drawn from a sample of fifth and sixth graders (M age=10.79 years; SD=.77), 78…

Burgess, Kim B.; Wojslawowicz, Julie C.; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Rose-Krasnor, Linda; Booth-LaForce Cathryn

2006-01-01

414

Strategies for Improving Miners' Training. CDC Workplace Safety and Health Information Circular, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These eight papers are intended to help prepare trainers of mine safety for an expected influx of younger workers as experienced miners retire and acquaint the trainers with strategies they can use to enhance their training effectiveness. "Principles of Adult Learning: Application for Mine Trainers" (Kathleen M. Kowalski, Charles Vaught) reviews…

Peters, Robert H., Ed.

415

Observatory of the Information Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Observatory of the Information Society, an extensive Website developed by UNESCO, aims "to raise awareness on the ethical, legal, and societal challenges brought about by new [information and communication] technologies." The site collects and disseminates current information for UNESCO's 186 Member States, focusing on four themes: Privacy and Confidentiality, Content Regulation, Multilingualism, and Access to Public Domain Information. The Privacy and Confidentiality section encompasses issues such as the protection of personal data, cryptography, and digital signatures. The Content Regulation section covers topics including the freedom of expression, violence in cyberspace, and child protection. The Multilingualism section offers resources on linguistic rights, diversity promotion, and language technologies. The Access to Public Domain Information section contains documents related to the public information policies adopted by various nations. The site also includes Action Plans, Strategies and Policies, a section that provides resources on the information infrastructures of international organizations and countries worldwide.

416

A Rare Sequela of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis  

PubMed Central

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a demyelinating disease, typically occurring in children following a febrile infection or a vaccination. Primary and secondary immune responses contribute to inflammation and subsequent demyelination, but the exact pathogenesis is still unknown. Diagnosis of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is strongly suggested by temporal relationship between an infection or an immunization and the onset of neurological symptoms. Biopsy is definitive. In general, the disease is self-limiting and the prognostic outcome is favorable with anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents. Locked-in syndrome describes patients who are awake and conscious but have no means of producing limb, speech, or facial movements. Locked-in syndrome is a rare complication of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. We present a case of incomplete locked-in syndrome occurring in a 34-year-old male secondary to acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Our case is unique, as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis occurred in a 34-year-old which was poorly responsive to immunosuppression resulting in severe disability.

Kodadhala, Vijay; Kurukumbi, Mohankumar; Jayam-Trouth, Annapurni

2014-01-01

417

Evaluation of the Dissemination Program from an Education Research and Development Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of the information dissemination program of the National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST) uses a inclusive approach to gather, analyze, and report information to help decision makers. Results of three questionnaires, reviews and analyses of CRESST products, and Internet records were used to…

Dietel, Ronald James

418

Geoscience Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes trends in the dissemination and exchange of geoscience information. Two major themes in 1980 are (1) the growth and development of computerized data bases, and (2) increased cooperation among professional organizations and government agencies. (Author/WB)

Pruett, Nancy Jones

1981-01-01

419

An Application of Psychometric Procedures in the Non-Psychological Domain: Development of Dissemination System Scales Using Classical Test Theory and Rasch Scaling Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A set of procedures were developed for evaluating the State Capacity Building Programs; (SCBP), state projects for increasing facilities for the dissemination of information related to education. Six scales were developed, based on questionnaire items, to evaluate the following six facets of state information-dissemination systems: comprehensive…

Baker, Robert, F.; And Others

420

From buzzword to business strategy: the case for information and decision support systems in e-healthcare.  

PubMed

Although electronic healthcare can boast of a remarkable origin in modern-day e-commerce in the form of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), its mission-critical nature in information-based strategising is yet to be realised. Restricting the scope of e-healthcare management to product advertisements and website management reflects an unfortunate trend of underutilisation of the scope of electronic decision support systems in pricing and other business strategies. This paper aims to illustrate how this trend can be corrected by transforming e-healthcare into a full-fledged business strategy for strategic positioning and corporate profitability. This argument is illustrated with the aid of a business example related to transfer pricing. PMID:18048255

Korukonda, Appa Rao; Korukonda, Saritha

2006-01-01

421

The Web as an Information Resource in K-12 Education: Strategies for Supporting Students in Searching and Processing Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of the Web in K-12 education has increased substantially in recent years. The Web, however, does not support the learning processes of students as a matter of course. In this review, the authors analyze what research says about the demands that the use of the Web as an information resource in education makes on the support and supervision…

Kuiper, Els; Volman, Monique; Terwel, Jan

2005-01-01

422

[Disseminated Strongyloides stercoralis infection mimicking pneumonia].  

PubMed

Strongyloides stercoralis is an intestinal nematode. In an immunocompetent host, Strongyloides infections usually produce only mild gastrointestinal symptoms. However, in an immunocompromised host, widespread dissemination of larvae to the extra-intestinal organs may occur. If unrecognized, the mortality rate is high. Here we report a case of disseminated strongyloidiasis in a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) subject whose chest radiograph demonstrated multiple pneumonic patches and interstitial infiltrates. Strongyloides larvae were found in stool, sputum, and urine, and embryonated eggs were also found in sputum. The patient was treated successfully with mebendazole and alben albendazole. In conclusion, although high mortality rate is noted in disseminated strongyloidiasis, it is still a curable disease when early diagnosis and treatment could be made. PMID:8672946

Yu, J J; Lu, S C; Wu, I H; Yu, M C; Lee, C N; Lin, T P

1995-12-01

423

A CD-ROM/Internet hybrid for nuclear data dissemination  

SciTech Connect

Most neutronics and shielding calculations depend on large nuclear databases, such as the Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF) and the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF). In an attempt to provide a wider user community with easy access to nuclear databases, as well as with easy-to-use tools for displaying nuclear data, we have developed a new methodology in electronic publishing, dissemination and database updates, based on the combination of compact disk read-only-memory (CD-ROM) technology and the information superhighway on Internet. This report outlines the CD-ROM/Internet hybrid system.

James, J.Z.; Vujic, J.L.

1994-12-31

424

A study of time dissemination via satellite in India  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simultaneous two way clock synchronization experiment between three Earth stations, was performed and improvements over the technique earlier attempted in which transmit/receive roles of the two stations were alternated at regular intervals, were studied. Time signals via two modes high frequency and satellite were critically monitored and analyzed. This time format was modified to include the additional information about time of the day in year, month, day, hour, minute and second as well as DUT1 in BCD code and was disseminated via the satellite. These signals were decoded, displayed and studied. Some preliminary work on time transfer via TV using direct satellite broadcast, was also conducted.

Mathur, B. S.; Banerjee, P.; Sood, P. C.; Saxena, M.; Kumar, N.; Suri, A. K.; Jain, C. L.; Kumar, K.

1979-01-01

425

Industrial maintenance data collection and application: developing an information strategy for an industrial site  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work involved the evaluation of the efficacy of industrial information management. The study was prompted by the observation that contemporary society seemingly struggles to effectively utilise and manage the volumes of information that new technologies are delivering. It is reasonable to assume that industry, as a mirror of contemporary society, may be struggling to manage the convergence of equivalent

Roy F Evans

2008-01-01

426

Undergraduate Use of Government Information: What Citation Studies Tell Us about Instruction Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among librarians, government information has a reputation for being a valuable but underused resource. A literature review of undergraduate citation studies, however, reveals that the use of government information has apparently increased so much for some subject areas that, after books and journals, it has become one of the most frequently used…

Brunvand, Amy; Pashkova-Balkenhol, Tatiana

2008-01-01

427

Information and Communications Technology in the Cultural Sector: The Need for Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII) at the University of Glasgow (Scotland) carried out a study of the opportunities and obstacles posed by the use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in the heritage sector in order to establish a funding policy. This article discusses the need for national…

Ross, Seamus; Economou, Maria

1998-01-01

428

Do your friends make you smarter?: An analysis of social strategies in online information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research in the social search space has focused on the informational benefits of col- laborating with others during web and workplace information seeking. However, social interactions, especially during complex tasks, can have cognitive benefits as well. Our goal in this paper is to document the methods and outcomes of using social resources to help with exploratory search tasks. We

Brynn M. Evans; Sanjay Kairam; Peter Pirolli

2010-01-01

429

How Hip-Hop Musicians Learn: Strategies in Informal Creative Music Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of informal musical learning outside institutional settings, such as schools, has proved to contribute important knowledge to aspects of music education. Hip-hop, as an example of informal musical learning, has so far been quite an unexplored field for research. The present study investigates music creation within two hip-hop groups (…

Soderman, Johan; Folkestad, Goran

2004-01-01

430

Information Resources, Perspectives and Strategies for Graduate Educational Research: A Course Proposal Outline and Rationale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses several problems relating to the use of research materials and information resources by graduate students and proposes teaching educational research skills in an introductory-level graduate research course, "Information Resources for Educational Research," to be taught by the Memphis State University (MSU) Library reference…

Evans, John E.

431

Development Strategy of Information Industry Based on the View of Current Human Resources in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve the plight of human resources in the information industry of China, this paper uses the method of strategic human resources to deal with the problem of lacking talents. Based on the data of the present human resources in the information industry, which are provided by the Chinese Enterprise Talent Study Centre, this paper analyzes the status

Yuesheng Zhang

2011-01-01

432

Landscape connectivity and seed dispersal characteristics inform the best management strategy for exotic plants.  

PubMed

Exotic plant invasions have triggered environmental and economic problems throughout the world. Our ability to manage these invasions is hindered by the difficulty of predicting spread in fragmented landscapes. Because the spatial pattern of invasions depends on the dispersal characteristics of the invasive species and the configuration of suitable habitat within the landscape, a universal management strategy is unlikely to succeed for any particular species. We suggest that the most effective management strategy may be an adaptive one that shifts from local control to landscape management depending on the specific invader and landscape. In particular, we addressed the question of where management activities should be focused to minimize spread of the invading species. By simulating an invasion across a real landscape (Antietam National Battlefield in Maryland, USA), we examined the importance of patch size and connectivity to management success. We found that the best management strategy depended on the dispersal characteristics of the exotic species. Species with a high probability of random long-distance dispersal were best managed by focusing on the largest patches, while species with a lower probability of random long-distance dispersal were best managed by considering landscape configuration and connectivity of the patches. Connectivity metrics from network analysis were useful for identifying the most effective places to focus management efforts. These results provide insight into invasion patterns of various species and suggest a general rule for managers in National Parks and other places where invasive species are a concern. PMID:21639041

Minor, Emily S; Gardner, Robert H

2011-04-01

433

The superbugs: evolution, dissemination and fitness.  

PubMed

Since the introduction of antibiotics, bacteria have not only evolved elegant resistance mechanisms to thwart their effect, but have also evolved ways in which to disseminate themselves or their resistance genes to other susceptible bacteria. During the past few years, research has revealed not only how such resistance mechanisms have been able to evolve and to rapidly disseminate, but also how bacteria have, in some cases, been able to adapt to this new burden of resistance with little or no cost to their fitness. Such adaptations make the control of these superbugs all the more difficult. PMID:10066531

Morris, A; Kellner, J D; Low, D E

1998-10-01

434

Emergency department presentation of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.  

PubMed

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is an acute demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system that usually occurs in children and young adults. We report the case of an 8-year-old girl who presented to the emergency department with acutely altered mental status. Standard workup including head computed tomography, lumbar puncture, and routine chemistries was unrevealing. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed findings consistent with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Response to treatment with steroids was dramatic. Both the rapidity of onset and resolution of this patient's symptoms are unusual for the course of this disease. PMID:17351411

Carstairs, Shaun D; Carstairs, Keri L

2007-02-01

435

The Widest Practicable Dissemination: The NASA Technical Report Server  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 established NASA and charged it to "provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning [...] its activities and the results thereof." The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA s information lead a grass-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. The NTRS is comprised of several units, some constructed especially for inclusion in NTRS, and others that are existing NASA publication services that NTRS reuses. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial 6-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Accomazzi, Alberto

1995-01-01

436

The widest practicable dissemination: The NASA technical report server  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 established NASA and charged it to 'provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination of information concerning...its activities and the results thereof.' The search for innovative methods to distribute NASA's information lead a grass-roots team to create the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS), which uses the World Wide Web and other popular Internet-based information systems as search engines. The NTRS is an inter-center effort which provides uniform access to various distributed publication servers residing on the Internet. Users have immediate desktop access to technical publications from NASA centers and institutes. The NTRS is comprised of several units, some constructed especially for inclusion in NTRS, and others that are existing NASA publication services that NTRS reuses. This paper presents the NTRS architecture, usage metrics, and the lessons learned while implementing and maintaining the services over the initial six-month period. The NTRS is largely constructed with freely available software running on existing hardware. NTRS builds upon existing hardware and software, and the resulting additional exposure for the body of literature contained will allow NASA to ensure that its institutional knowledge base will continue to receive the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination.

Nelson, Michael L.; Gottlich, Gretchen L.; Bianco, David J.; Binkley, Robert L.; Kellogg, Yvonne D.; Paulson, Sharon S.; Beaumont, Chris J.; Schmunk, Robert B.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Accomazzi, Alberto

1995-01-01

437

Disseminated Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus in an Immunocompetent 8-Year Old Boy  

PubMed Central

Varicella results from a primary infection with the varicella virus while herpes zoster is caused by a reactivation of a latent infection. Dissemination of herpes zoster is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. Reports of disseminated herpes zoster in children are even less common than in adults. An unusual case of disseminated herpes zoster ophthalmicus in an 8-year old immunocompetent black boy is presented. He had a previous primary Varicella zoster virus infection at three years of age. In the current report, he presented during an on-going chicken pox outbreak and survived with no significant complications. A breakthrough varicella virus re-infection or a reactivation is possible, both of which could present as zoster. This case emphasizes the need for prevention of varicella virus infection through universal childhood immunization and effective infection control strategies in health care settings.

Oladokun, Regina Eziuka; Olomukoro, Chikodili N; Owa, Adewale B.

2013-01-01

438

A proposal to use a balanced scorecard to evaluate Information for Health: an information strategy for the modern NHS (1998-2005).  

PubMed

The author was invited to assist in the development of an evaluation methodology for the Strategy. One of the conundrums of measuring the information management & technology (IM&T) function is that infrastructure investments cannot be cost justified on a return on investment basis. The balanced scorecard (BSC) is a means to evaluate corporate performance from four different perspectives: the financial perspective, the internal business process perspective, the customer perspective, and the learning and growth perspective. An IM&T BSC for Information for Health was recommended as means of allowing managers to see the positive and negative impacts of IM&T activities on the factors that are important to the NHS as a whole. PMID:11922937

Protti, Denis

2002-05-01

439

Strategies and methods for aligning current and best medical practices. The role of information technologies.  

PubMed Central

Rapid change in American medicine requires that physicians adjust established behaviors and acquire new skills. In this article, we address three questions: What do we know about how to change physicians' practices? How can physicians take advantage of new and evolving information technologies that are likely to have an impact on the future practice of medicine? and What strategic educational interventions will best enable physicians to show competencies in information management and readiness to change practice? We outline four guiding principles for incorporating information systems tools into both medical education and practice, and we make eight recommendations for the development of a new medical school curriculum. This curriculum will produce a future medical practitioner who is capable of using information technologies to systematically measure practice performance, appropriateness, and effectiveness while updating knowledge efficiently.

Schneider, E C; Eisenberg, J M

1998-01-01

440

Information Fusion and References to a Common Geospatial Framework Within the National Security Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Warfighters, Foreign Service Officers and economic analysts demand more flexibility in the data they receive in order to tailor information displays locally. While increased flexibility enhances their options, it challenges interoperability without a comm...

A. W. League

1997-01-01

441

Teaching Genetics at Secondary School: A Strategy for Teaching about the Location of Inheritance Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the knowledge that secondary school students have concerning some basic aspects related to the location of inheritance information before they are taught about genetics. Discusses the effects of traditional instruction in Spain on students' learning. (Author/CCM)

Banet; Enrique; Ayuso, Enrique

2000-01-01

442

A new joint inversion strategy using a priori petrophysical information as constraints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multiple geophysical data collected over the same area but based on fundamentally different physics usually contain complementary information about the subsurface, because different geophysical methods are sensitive to different physical properties and their variations on different scales. Joint inversion combines the complementary information by integrating all the geophysical data into a single inversion scheme. Thus, models resulting from joint inversion are more likely to represent the subsurface better than models derived from a single type of data. One important need in joint inversion is to find a reasonable relationship between different models so that they can constrain each other. This relationship could be an empirical relationship between different physical properties based on petrophysical measurements or a structural similarity measure between models. In this study, we consider the statistical petrophysical relationship between two physical properties as the way to link different models. There are two challenges concerning this approach. First, when multiple petrophysical relationships exist in the subsurface, it is usually difficult to specify correctly the spatial applicability of these petrophysical relationships, and thus, applying appropriate petrophysical information to appropriate regions in joint inversion remains a problem to be answered. Secondly, in reality we may have only partial information about the physical parameters under consideration. The incompleteness of a priori petrophysical information makes the task of utilizing petrophysical information in joint inversion even harder. In this study, we develop a new joint inversion algorithm that effectively builds a priori petrophysical information into inversion by means of guided fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering technique. Synthetic examples show that this method can effectively deal with the two problems mentioned above, i.e. the non-uniqueness and incompleteness of a priori petrophysical information. We also present the inversion results by applying this joint inversion algorithm to SEG/EAGE salt model.

Sun, J.; Li, Y.

2012-12-01

443

Development of elementary school students' cognitive structures and information processing strategies under long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purpose of this study was to explore the effects of long-term constructivist-oriented science instruction on elementary school students' process of constructing cognitive structures. Furthermore, such effects on different science achievers were also investigated. The subjects of this study were 69 fifth graders in Taiwan, while they were assigned to either a constructivist-oriented instruction group or a traditional teaching group. The research treatment was conducted for 5 months, including six instructional units, and students' cognitive structures were probed through interviews coupled with a metalistening technique'' after the instruction of each unit. The interview narratives were transcribed into the format of flow maps. In addition, the information processing modes shown in the flow maps were also investigated through a series of content analyses. The findings showed that the students in the constructivist-oriented instruction group attained significantly better learning outcomes in terms of the extent and integration of their cognitive structures, metacognition engagement, and the usage of information processing strategies. Moreover, it was also revealed that both high achievers and low achievers benefited from the constructivist-oriented instructional activities, but in different ways. For example, both high achievers and low achievers in the constructivist-oriented instruction group attained better usage of information processing strategies than their counterparts in traditional teaching group did; but only high achievers displayed better usage of higher order information processing modes (i.e., inferring or explaining) than their counterparts in traditional teaching group did. The results in this study finally suggest a four-stage model for students' process of constructing cognitive structure under the constructivist-oriented science instruction, including cognitive structure acquisition, metacognition enrichment, cognitive structure integration, and cognitive structure refinement.

Wu, Ying-Tien; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2005-09-01

444

Statewide dissemination of a rural, non-chain restaurant intervention: adoption, implementation and maintenance.  

PubMed

The obesity epidemic calls for greater dissemination of nutrition-related programs, yet there remain few studies of the dissemination process. This study, guided by elements of the RE-AIM model, describes the statewide dissemination of a simple, point-of-purchase restaurant intervention. Conducted in rural counties of the Midwest, United States, the study targeted randomly selected, non-chain, family-style restaurants. Owners were recruited through mail, then telephone follow-up. Data were collected through telephone at baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 18 months post-adoption. Using mixed methods, measures captured the program adoption rate, characteristics of adopters and non-adopters, program implementation and maintenance issues, and owner and customer satisfaction. Analyses involved descriptive statistics and summaries of qualitative data. The program adoption rate was 28%. Adopters were similar to responding non-adopters demographically, but varied in attitudes. The majority of restaurants maintained the program for at least 12 months. Adopters and their customers expressed satisfaction with the program. With some adjustments, the RE-AIM model was helpful in guiding evaluation of this process. Results provide implications for future dissemination of this and other programs with regard to research procedures and potential barriers that may be encountered. Research on alternative strategies for widespread dissemination of such programs is needed in this and other settings. PMID:24650944

Nothwehr, F; Haines, H; Chrisman, M; Schultz, U

2014-06-01

445

Hormonal Treatment of Disseminated Male Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

14 males with disseminated cancer of breast received a total of 35 endocrine trials, mainly in the form of hormonal supplementation. Overall, a 43% response rate was observed. In particular, remissions occurred in 7 of 11 instances with cyproterone acetate, in 3 of 7 with tamoxifen, in 2 of 5 with estrogens, in 2 of 5 with aminoglutethimide, in none

Massimo Lopez; Luigi Di Lauro; Bonaventura Lazzaro; Paola Papaldo

1985-01-01

446

Insect dissemination of bacterial plant diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Insects can readily spread certain bacterial pathogens as well as make the wound through which infection occurs, but with few exceptions bacterial diseases are not entirely dependent on insects for their dissemination or for the inoculation of the pathogen into the plant tissues. In fireblight of pome fruits caused by Erwinia amylovora pollinating insects are known to carry bacterial ooze

A. C. Hayward

1974-01-01

447

Disseminated protothecosis in a Mexican child.  

PubMed

Protothecosis is a rare human infection. There are 3 clinical forms: cutaneous, olecranon bursitis and systemic. Here we present the first case of disseminated protothecosis in Mexico in an immunocompetent girl whose lesions were mostly dermatologic. The patient was successfully treated with amphotericin B colloidal dispersion and gentamicin, followed by itraconazole. PMID:23836139

Tello-Zavala, María Concepción; Mercado-Lara, Araceli; Gómez-Hernández, Nadia; Recio-Martinez, Veronica

2013-12-01

448

Factors that Influence Dissemination in Engineering Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the need for new educational materials and methods in engineering education is increasing, the process of disseminating (making target groups become aware of, accept, and use) these innovations remains a challenge. A literature review shows that few studies have thoroughly investigated this area. The purpose of this article is to identify…

Hazen, B. T.; Wu, Yun; Sankar, C. S.

2012-01-01

449

Sporothrix schenckii fungemia without disseminated sporotrichosis.  

PubMed Central

Fungemia is a rare complication of Sporothrix schenckii infection and has always been associated with disseminated sporotrichosis. We describe an immunocompetent patient with localized lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis from whose blood the fungus was isolated. A lysis-centrifugation blood culture system may have improved our ability to detect low-level S. schenckii fungemia.

Kosinski, R M; Axelrod, P; Rex, J H; Burday, M; Sivaprasad, R; Wreiole, A

1992-01-01

450

Peritoneal dissemination from central neurocytoma: case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: central neurocytoma is a low grade tumor of neuroglial origin and a relatively new histological entity. Only a few cases have been reported and its biological behavior is still uncertain. Some cases have shown an aggressive behavior (local recurrence, malignant dedifferentiation or CSF dissemination) and challenged the initial view of its relative benignity. A case of central neurocytoma with

Maurício Coelho Neto; Ricardo Ramina; Murilo Sousa de Meneses; Walter Oleschko Arruda; Jerônimo Buzetti Milano

2003-01-01

451

Disseminated granulomatous meningoencephalomyelitis in a dog  

PubMed Central

A 6-year-old, intact, female miniature Doberman pinscher was evaluated for lethargy, intermittent back pain, and unstable gait. Physical and neurological findings included bradycardia, hypothermia, hyperesthesia, progressive and ascending ataxia, and proprioceptive deficits in all limbs. Laboratory findings and magnetic resonance imaging were consistent with disseminated granulomatous meningoencephalomyelitis, confirmed later by microscopy.

Fisher, Margaret

2002-01-01

452

Disseminated cryptococcosis involving the head and neck.  

PubMed

A middle-aged patient with HIV presented with very distinctive maculopapular cutaneous lesions involving the face and lymphadenopathy confined to the neck. A diagnosis of disseminated cryptococcosis was made based on pathological analysis of lymph node and skin lesions. PMID:24495975

Lazzara, Matthew; Joshi, Arjun

2014-01-01

453

Disseminated Strongyloides stercoralis in an immunosuppressed host.  

PubMed

It is important that clinicians be aware that Strongyloides stercoralis can disseminate, because the helminth can exist as an asymptomatic infestation for years in a person from an endemic area and then become manifest when immunosuppressive therapy is given. A case of fatal strongyloidiasis is presented to emphasize this potential for causing serious infection in the compromised host. PMID:642599

Bradley, S L; Dines, D E; Brewer, N S

1978-05-01

454

Disseminated herpes simplex in newborn infants  

PubMed Central

Six cases of disseminated herpes simplex virus infection in newborn infants have been collected. The morbid anatomical and histological findings are described for the various tissues of the body. For the first time, the typical lesions were found in the lung. This and the other findings are discussed from the aetiological point of view. Images

Bird, T.; Ennis, J. E.; Wort, A. J.; Gardner, P. S.

1963-01-01

455

A Platform for CSCL Practice and Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

CSCL practice and dissemination are problematic due to the lack of technical and pedagogical expertise, concrete training, and support for teachers. This paper describes a technological approach for making CSCL practice and adoption easier. A powerful workflow- enabled CSCW web platform hosts virtual communities for designing, executing and tutoring CSCL sessions, analyzing their results, and debating all technical and pedagogical

Jacques Lonchamp

2006-01-01

456

A Platform for CSCL Practice and Dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

CSCL practice and dissemination are problematic due to the lack of technical and pedagogical expertise, concrete training, and support for teachers. This paper describes a technological approach for making CSCL practice and adoption easier. A powerful workflow-enabled CSCW Web platform hosts virtual communities for designing, executing and tutoring CSCL sessions, analyzing their results, and debating all technical and pedagogical issues.

Jacques Lonchamp

2006-01-01

457

Toward energy-efficient content dissemination  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major role of today’s Internet is to provide efficient content dissemination among users, such as distributing multimedia content and sharing user generated data. To meet the ever increasing demands, the Internet has been rapidly growing, and it now includes a web of tens of millions of networked devices ranging from content servers to core and edge routers to home

Uichin Lee; Ivica Rimac; Daniel C. Kilper; Volker Hilt

2011-01-01

458

Ultrastructure of disseminated choroid plexus papilloma  

Microsoft Academic Search

A disseminated choroid plexus papilloma (DCPP) with a malignant change in the cervico-spinal leptomeninges observed 4 years after the removal of choroid plexus papilloma (CPP), originating from the fourth ventricle, was studied under the electron microscope. Although the ultrastructure of intracranial CPP has been reported by several authors, there are just a few reports on DCPP. The present tumor was

T. Masuzawa; H. Shimabukuro; N. Yoshimizu; F. Sato

1981-01-01

459

Developing and evaluating communication strategies to support informed decisions and practice based on evidence (DECIDE): protocol and preliminary results  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare decision makers face challenges when using guidelines, including understanding the quality of the evidence or the values and preferences upon which recommendations are made, which are often not clear. Methods GRADE is a systematic approach towards assessing the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations in healthcare. GRADE also gives advice on how to go from evidence to decisions. It has been developed to address the weaknesses of other grading systems and is now widely used internationally. The Developing and Evaluating Communication Strategies to Support Informed Decisions and Practice Based on Evidence (DECIDE) consortium (http://www.decide-collaboration.eu/), which includes members of the GRADE Working Group and other partners, will explore methods to ensure effective communication of evidence-based recommendations targeted at key stakeholders: healthcare professionals, policymakers, and managers, as well as patients and the general public. Surveys and interviews with guideline producers and other stakeholders will explore how presentation of the evidence could be improved to better meet their information needs. We will collect further stakeholder input from advisory groups, via consultations and user testing; this will be done across a wide range of healthcare systems in Europe, North America, and other countries. Targeted communication strategies will be developed, evaluated in randomized trials, refined, and assessed during the development of real guidelines. Discussion Results of the DECIDE project will improve the communication of evidence-based healthcare recommendations. Building on the work of the GRADE Working Group, DECIDE will develop and evaluate methods that address communication needs of guideline users. The project will produce strategies for communicating recommendations that have been rigorously evaluated in diverse settings, and it will support the transfer of research into practice in healthcare systems globally.

2013-01-01

460

Comparative evaluation of multiresolution optimization strategies for multimodality image registration by maximization of mutual information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maximization of mutual information of voxel intensities has been demonstrated to be a very powerful criterion for three-dimensional medical image registration, allowing robust and accurate fully automated affine registration of multimodal images in a variety of applications, without the need for segmentation or other preprocessing of the images. In this paper, we investigate the performance of various optimization methods and

Frederik Maes; Dirk Vandermeulen; Paul Suetens

1999-01-01

461

Comparing Information-Gathering Strategies of Medical Students and Physicians in Diagnosing Simulated Medical Cases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined how 3 medical information-gathering processes (history-taking, physical examination, and diagnostic studies) influenced 175 second-year medical students' formulations of the differential and the principal diagnoses of 14 simulated patient management problems in comparison with experienced clinicians. Students emphasized…

Palchik, Nancy S.; And Others

1990-01-01

462

Strategies for dealing with incomplete information in the modeling of molecular interaction networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modelers of molecular interaction networks encounter the paradoxical situation that while large amounts of data are available, these are often insufficient for the formulation and analysis of mathematical models describing the network dynamics. In particular, information on the reaction mechanisms and numerical values of kinetic para- meters are usually not available for all but a few well-studied model systems. In

Hidde De Jong; Delphine Ropers

2006-01-01

463

Information technology acceptance models comparison and IT development strategies: In small and medium sized enterprises case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies conducted on the information technology (IT) acceptance specifically in developing and less-developed countries indicates the importance of acceptance as a substantial stage in the process of IT implementation. Perceiving problems, opportunities, threats and fundamentals makes this process more convenient. Considering numerous researches in the field of IT acceptance, this study provides essential classification on models of the effective

M. Movahedi; M. Zamanian; A. Meisami

2010-01-01

464

Information Operations Versus Civilian Marketing and Advertising: A Comparative Analysis to Improve IO Planning and Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Global War on Terror is a conflict that cannot be confronted through traditional warfare alone. The U.S. must re-focus its efforts on Information Operations to achieve GWOT objectives. In an environment where rapidly advancing technology is drasticall...

D. Chilton

2008-01-01

465

Strategies to teach information technology courses to international students as future global professionals: An Australian case  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the last two decades globalisation and information technology particularly Internet applications have been changing not only the way we do communicate and conduct business, but also the education service enormously. The importance and economic value of the international education is already well recognised by Australian government and higher education providers. The purpose of this paper is two folds: first,

Ergun Gide; Mingxuan Wu

2010-01-01

466

Teacher-School Library Media Specialist Collaboration through Social Marketing Strategies: An Information Behavior Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was supported in part though an IMLS Kent State University Grant supporting Information Literacy. Based on the importance of teacher-school library media specialist collaboration, this study seeks to advance knowledge involving the dynamics of this special relationship. The subjects were a group of student librarians--themselves…

Immroth, Barbara; Lukenbill, W. Bernard

2007-01-01

467

Toward an Effective Strategy for the Diffusion and Use of Clinical Information Systems  

PubMed Central

The full impact of IT in health care has not been realized because of the failure to recognize that (1) the path from availability of applications to the anticipated benefits passes through a series of steps; and (2) progress can be stopped at any one of those steps. As a result, strategies for diffusion, adoption, and use have been incomplete and have produced disappointing results. In this paper, we present a comprehensive framework for identifying factors that affect the spread, use, and effects of IT in the U.S. health care sector. The framework can be used by researchers to focus their efforts on unanswered questions, by practitioners considering IT adoption, and by policymakers searching for ways to spread IT throughout the system.

Davidson, Stephen M.; Heineke, Janelle

2007-01-01

468

Social Information Processing and Coping Strategies of Shy/Withdrawn and Aggressive Children: Does Friendship Matter?  

PubMed Central

The primary objectives of this investigation were to examine the attributions, emotional reactions, and coping strategies of shy/withdrawn and aggressive girls and boys and to examine whether such social cognitions differ within the relationship context of friendship. Drawn from a sample of 5th and 6th graders (M age = 10.79 years; SD = .77), 78 shy/withdrawn, 76 aggressive, and 85 control children were presented with hypothetical social situations that first involved unfamiliar peers, then a mutual good friend. Results revealed group and gender differences and similarities, depending on the relationship context. From our findings emerges a central message: friends' involvement during interpersonal challenges or stressors mitigates children's attributions, emotions and coping responses.

Burgess, Kim B.; Wojslawowicz, Julie C.; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Rose-Krasnor, Linda; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn

2013-01-01

469

78 FR 76410 - Request for Information on Strategies To Accelerate the Testing and Adoption of Pay for Success...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Strategies To Accelerate the Testing and Adoption of Pay for Success (PFS) Financing...Strategies to Accelerate the Testing and Adoption of Pay for Success (PFS) Financing...Strategies to Accelerate the Testing and Adoption of Pay for Success (PFS)...

2013-12-17

470

Selective attention to pitch amid conflicting auditory information: context-coding and filtering strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

An auditory Eriksen-flanker task was used to study how conflicting information interferes with selective attention to task-relevant\\u000a differences in pure-tone frequency. Across the observation intervals of the discrimination task, the relevant frequency differences between target tones were positive,\\u000a but within an observation interval, they could appear to be small or negative relative to conflicting differences in flanker tones leading\\u000a or

Blas Espinoza-Varas; Hyunsook Jang

2011-01-01

471

Requirements relating to radon in the International Basic Safety Standards: information, measurement and national strategies.  

PubMed

The fifth edition of the International Basic Safety Standards (BSS) has recently been established as Part 3 of the General Safety Requirements of the IAEA Safety Standards Series. The BSS applies to all exposure situations and to all categories of exposure. As such, the BSS addresses both occupational exposure due to radon in workplaces and public exposure due to radon in dwellings. In workplaces, exposure due to radon is treated either as a planned exposure situation or as an existing exposure situation, depending on the circumstances. With regard to exposure due to radon in dwellings, the BSS requires that general information on radon, including information on health risks and the synergy with smoking, be made available to the public and other interested parties. Countries are also required to determine whether an action plan for controlling exposure due to radon indoors is necessary, and, if so, to establish and implement such an action plan. Guidance material, covering the establishment of reference levels, national and regional radon surveys, identification of radon prone areas, building codes for new buildings, corrective actions for existing buildings, information campaigns and programme evaluation and effectiveness is currently being developed. PMID:23295581

Colgan, P A; Boal, T; Czarwinski, R

2013-03-01

472

Next-Generation Sequencing of Disseminated Tumor Cells  

PubMed Central

Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) detected in the bone marrow have been shown as an independent prognostic factor for women with breast cancer. However, the mechanisms behind the tumor cell dissemination are still unclear and more detailed knowledge is needed to fully understand why some cells remain dormant and others metastasize. Sequencing of single cells has opened for the possibility to dissect the genetic content of subclones of a primary tumor, as well as DTCs. Previous studies of genetic changes in DTCs have employed single-cell array comparative genomic hybridization which provides information about larger aberrations. To date, next-generation sequencing provides the possibility to discover new, smaller, and copy neutral genetic changes. In this study, we performed whole-genome amplification and subsequently next-generation sequencing to analyze DTCs from two breast cancer patients. We compared copy-number profiles of the DTCs and the corresponding primary tumor generated from sequencing and SNP-comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) data, respectively. While one tumor revealed mostly whole-arm gains and losses, the other had more complex alterations, as well as subclonal amplification and deletions. Whole-arm gains or losses in the primary tumor were in general also observed in the corresponding DTC. Both primary tumors showed amplification of chromosome 1q and deletion of parts of chromosome 16q, which was recaptured in the corresponding DTCs. Interestingly, clear differences were also observed, indicating that the DTC underwent further evolution at the copy-number level. This study provides a proof-of-principle for sequencing of DTCs and correlation with primary copy-number profiles. The analyses allow insight into tumor cell dissemination and show ongoing copy-number evolution in DTCs compared to the primary tumors.

M?ller, Elen K.; Kumar, Parveen; Voet, Thierry; Peterson, April; Van Loo, Peter; Mathiesen, Randi R.; Fjelldal, Renathe; Grundstad, Jason; Borgen, Elin; Baumbusch, Lars O.; Naume, Bj?rn; B?rresen-Dale, Anne-Lise; White, Kevin P.; Nord, Silje; Kristensen, Vessela N.

2013-01-01

473

A technological solution to contribute to sustainable development of the oceans and to the advancement of ocean science through development and assembly of information and a means to disseminate it  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United Nations Atlas of the Oceans (http:\\/\\/www.oceansatlas.org) has been developed by various groups (UN and national agencies and NGOs) and individuals having an interest in the sustainability of oceans and coastal areas. Its objective is to contribute to sustainable development of the oceans and coastal areas and to the advancement of ocean science through development and assembly of information

J. T. Everett; S. M. Garcia

2005-01-01

474

Municipal Emergency Management System: a strategy towards information and managing resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Azores archipelago is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, on a complex geological setting where the North American, Eurasian and African plates meet. Throughout its history the geological and meteorological hazards have been the most significant and had cause thousands of deaths and extensive damages. To prepare and mitigate the impact of catastrophic events there are emergency plans to guide the authorities and to instruct the population. However, a key point on the effectiveness of any emergency plan is the efficiency on getting the relevant information from the existing plans and conveying quality information to the operational teams and to the population. To address this issue the Municipal Emergency Management System was designed as a modular software with a core database and two different applications; one back-office to input and manage data and one front-end to query the database. The database is installed in a server and the system runs over an Intranet or the Internet, allowing its management and query to be done anywhere. The information on the system comprises two sets of data: (a) static data, regarding guidelines from the official Municipal Emergency Plan and a broad characterization of the county that does not need to be updated frequently (geography, geomorphology, climatology and the main hazards to consider) and (b) dynamic information, concerning data that requires regular updating such as available resources, administrative officials, pertinent private organisations etc.. All dynamic data in the core database is organised in three layers: (1) administrative organisations with geographical expression (such as province or district), (2) entities with capability to provide aid on provisions, accommodations, health, infrastructures, construction, transportation and security (public services, non-governmental organisations, enterprises or individual persons) and (3) operative information (applicable laws, tasks of each operative structure of the emergency plan) All entities are indexed to a geographic region, corresponding to an administrative organisation, and all the resources available on the county are indexed to an entity and ultimately to one identified person. The back-office operations are performed through a web browser. In order to ensure the quality of the data, the system requires the operator to register with a valid login and keeps a record of every operation performed by each registered user. The frontend also runs over a web browser and is the key vector towards an efficient communication with the operative teams and the general public. Its menu structure was designed to provide direct answers to the main questions raised on emergency situations, such as where dislodged population will be accommodate? How to transport them? How to provide provisions? Who has the provisions? How to contact the pertinent persons? The front-end, however, has two distinct access levels. The general public access level allows browsing through the structure of the emergency plan the identification of the public officials involved in the plan and their respective roles, and to get logistic information regarding meeting points, resources available, etc... The unlimited access is restricted to authorized personnel with a valid login and grants the access to report forms to be used during the emergency situations as well as information considered confidential such as providers of the available resources and their contacts. The outcome of the Municipal Emergency Management System is a light structure, accessible from anywhere and managed at municipal level, but with the potential to develop a network of emergency management nodes that can work cooperatively since each county can provide the surrounding counties with access to its database.

Pacheco, J.

2009-04-01

475

32 CFR 811.3 - Official requests for visual information productions or materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RELEASE, DISSEMINATION, AND SALE OF VISUAL INFORMATION MATERIALS--] [Sec. 811.3 - Official requests for visual information productions or materials...RELEASE, DISSEMINATION, AND SALE OF VISUAL INFORMATION MATERIALS--...

2009-07-01

476

32 CFR 811.6 - Visual information product/material loans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...811 - RELEASE, DISSEMINATION, AND SALE OF VISUAL INFORMATION MATERIALS--] [Sec. 811.6 - Visual information product/material loans...SERVICES RELEASE, DISSEMINATION, AND SALE OF VISUAL INFORMATION MATERIALS-- Sec....

2009-07-01

477

The role of information technology in corporate strategy of small and medium enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crisis of the new economy might have cast doubt on the usefulness of the\\u000d\\u000aInternet for business activities. However, it is unquestionable that the possibilities offered\\u000d\\u000aby Internet-based technologies in terms of information processing, transfer and collection\\u000d\\u000aenable the firm to improve market knowledge and the relationship with clients and suppliers.\\u000d\\u000aThis work explores, theoretically and empirically, the possibilities

Maria J. Nieto; Zulima Fernandez

2005-01-01

478

Disseminated strongyloidiasis in AIDS: uncommon but important.  

PubMed

Disseminated Strongyloides stercoralis infection is a rare and severe but treatable complication of AIDS. We present a case where this infection was successfully treated and review the available literature. Cases may present many years after they have left an area endemic for Strongyloides infection, emphasizing the need for a full travel history. Symptoms are typically gastrointestinal and pulmonary, with infiltrates often seen on chest radiography. Diagnosis requires stool examination and biopsy of affected sites. Treatment with repeated courses of thiabendazole (25 mg/kg twice daily for 5 days) was successful in our case, but maintenance regimens have not yet been defined. The relative rarity of this complication of AIDS suggests that, where both infections are present, disseminated strongyloidiasis only arises either when HIV-induced immunodeficiency is profound or, possibly, when it is accompanied by impaired granulopoiesis. PMID:2059374

Gompels, M M; Todd, J; Peters, B S; Main, J; Pinching, A J

1991-03-01

479

Disseminated cutaneous rhinosporidiomas in an immunocompetent male.  

PubMed

Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic recurrent infective granulomatous disease of man and animals. It is endemic in India and Sri Lanka. Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic disease commonly involving the nose and nasopharynx. Cutaneous lesions, although rare, can occur due to autoinoculation or due to hematogenous spread. However, disseminated cutaneous lesions presenting as tumor-like swellings are rare. We report here a 48-year-old immunocompetent patient who had disseminated painless cutaneous tumor-like swellings over both the upper limbs, abdomen, left buttock and calf since 10 months, gradually increasing in size. On inquiring, the patient gave history of excisions and electrocauterization of subglottic and nasal polyps. Histopathological examination of these lesions was suggestive of rhinosporidiosis. The general and systemic examinations of the patient did not reveal any abnormality. PMID:17921618

Tolat, Sunil N; Gokhale, Neeta R; Belgaumkar, Vasudha A; Pradhan, Shekhar N; Birud, Nilesh R

2007-01-01

480

Selective Dissemination of Microfiche Documents in a University Setting - Phase I. Project CLR-561.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governors State University (Illinois) has developed and studied a system of selective dissemination of microfiche documents. Twenty-six faculty members in science and engineering were interviewed in depth to determine their information needs, interest categories, and descriptors to be used in searches. Individual profiles were constr