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1

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: SUBCONTRACTING OF DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology, globalization, competition is changing managerial strategies all over the World. E-commerce, E- business, virtual enterprises, Electronic Data Interchange - EDI, Internet and intranet, business on line, are a couple of expressions which are putting too much pressure on the shoulders of enterprises located in the Third World. In underdeveloped regions, anxiety for modernization can lead a large number

Francisco Correia de Oliveira; Carlos Augusto; Parente Neiva

2

UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services (ITS), 10/31/2013  

E-print Network

UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services Technology Services & Chief Information Officer reports to the Chancellor, & all. · University Policy-making and Major Campus-wide Technology Decisions · IT Governance

Saidak, Filip

3

Information Processing. Guide to Standards and Implementation. Career & Technology Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Alberta curriculum guide defines competencies that help students build daily living skills, investigate career options in information processing occupations, use technology in for information processing effectively and efficiently, and prepare for entry into the workplace or related postsecondary programs. The first section provides a program…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Standards Branch.

4

The Point; Materials, Devices and Processes for Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Point is an interactive website that lets students explore the materials and devices for information technology and common processes to store and transfer information. It emphasizes technologies that involve light. Some of the devices that are explained include optical fibers, compact disc, DVD, LEDs and lasers. Each section includes Flash manipulatives in which you learn by controlling variables on simple simulations. It also provides lesson plans and student worksheets.

The Point

5

Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to collect data…

Persinger, Jon F.

2010-01-01

6

Information technology repositories and knowledge management processes : A qualitative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address the impact of information technology repositories (ITR) in the implementation of KM processes, i.e. knowledge storage and retrieval. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study design is used. Data are collected through the use of individual semi-structured interviews, observations and document analysis. Findings – This study found that three factors were likely

Massimo Franco; Stefania Mariano

2007-01-01

7

Information Technology Process Improvement Decision-Making: An Exploratory Study from the Perspective of Process Owners and Process Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is information available in the literature that discusses information technology (IT) governance and investment decision making from an executive-level perception, yet there is little information available that offers the perspective of process owners and process managers pertaining to their role in IT process improvement and investment…

Lamp, Sandra A.

2012-01-01

8

Re-engineering the mining process using information technology  

SciTech Connect

To remain profitable, coal-mining companies have invested significantly to improve operating efficiencies. Most mining companies have invested in larger machinery to reduce cost per ton. However, there are now emerging additional technology alternates that also have significant potential in lowering cost per ton. The emerging areas can be classified under these broad headings for the mining industry: (1) Monitoring and Diagnostics; (2) On-board Information Systems; (3) Integrated Information Systems, and (4) Automation. These four technologies are illustrated with examples.

Murphy, M.

1998-07-01

9

Keyless data capture: emerging technologies in health information processing.  

PubMed

As middle managers, medical record practitioners will be involved in justification of auto ID technology to upper management. To prepare a good justification, one must have a thorough knowledge of the technology and its advantages and disadvantages. One must also be familiar with the payback period and the installation process. This article has attempted to introduce the reader to some emerging technologies in health care, and answer some of the questions that are key to justifying their acquisition. By most estimates, these technologies are finding their way into health care, however slowly, and hold much promise for improvement in productivity and accuracy in data collection. PMID:10116252

Stich, E K; Koch, S D

1992-03-01

10

Distributed Data Processing Framework for Oral Health Care Information Management Based on CSCWD Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The computer information processing, databases, graphics technology, can be widely applied to the dental clinic information management system. This paper presents a distributed data processing framework for the oral health care information management based on the CSCWD technology. The framework is based on a multi-layers distributed architecture, and is comprised by a collaborative toolkit of the videoconference tools, the cooperative

Jian Yu

2009-01-01

11

IMPROVING THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF CHEMICAL PROCESSES THROUGH THE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

EPA Science Inventory

Efforts are currently underway at the USEPA to develop information technology applications to improve the environmental performance of the chemical process industry. These efforts include the use of genetic algorithms to optimize different process options for minimal environmenta...

12

Assessing Factors Affecting Implementation of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Measurements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capability of organizations to operate on the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework is reliant on ITIL process measurements. Appropriate ITIL process measurements help ensure desired outcomes, enable corrective actions to take place prior to process failure, and direct process activities towards continuous improvement.…

Peterson, Kristy

2010-01-01

13

FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARD  

E-print Network

March 2004 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARD (FIPS) 199, STANDARDS FOR SECURITY Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology A new Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS), recently approved by the Secretary of Commerce, will help federal agencies

14

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

15

Aeronautical Satellite-Assisted Process for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT) Conducted  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Broadband satellite communications for aeronautics marries communication and network technologies to address NASA's goals in information technology base research and development, thereby serving the safety and capacity needs of the National Airspace System. This marriage of technology increases the interactivity between airborne vehicles and ground systems. It improves decision-making and efficiency, reduces operation costs, and improves the safety and capacity of the National Airspace System. To this end, a collaborative project called the Aeronautical Satellite Assisted Process for Information Exchange through Network Technologies, or Aero-SAPIENT, was conducted out of Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, during November and December 2000.

Zernic, Michael J.

2002-01-01

16

E-Rulemaking: Information Technology and the Regulatory Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regulatory agencies such as the Department of Transportation, Environmental Protection Agency, and Internal Revenue Service face significant information demands in crafting the thousands of new regulations the federal government issues each year. Before adopting new regulations, regulatory agencies must solicit and analyze comments from the public as well as complete scientific, engineering, and economic analyses. By harnessing the power of

Cary Coglianese

2004-01-01

17

The Role Of Patents As An Informational Input Into The Process Of Technology Assessment And Forecasting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The importance of information as a driving force in innovation is well established. The problem of providing interested users with access to information concerning inventions and technology development is a major issue which directly affects the innovation process. With these thoughts n iind, I would like to begin by briefly reviewing the elements of the patent document. Secondly, I would like to explore with you the various ways in which patent information may be used by public and private R&D managers to aid in the process of technology assessment and forecasting.

Moore, David K.

1981-03-01

18

Intelligent Information, Monitoring, and Control Technology of Industrial Process Applications  

E-print Network

stop. This may have significant economic, safety, and environmental impact. Unfortunately, AEM different assessments and to enhance the fault isolation process. Other utility agents are also incorporated proposed for intelligent supervisory control systems. For example, a proposed system for producing metal-matrix

Taylor, James H.

19

Teaching and Learning Information Technology Process: From a 25 Year Perspective--Math Regents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will describe the Teaching and Learning Informational Technology Process (TLITP). Before present day strategies, teaching and learning relied on transformations based on quantification to measure performance. The process will be a non-linear three construct of teacher, student and community. Emphasizing old practices now is the…

Lewis Sanchez, Louise

2007-01-01

20

Advanced information processing system for advanced launch system: Hardware technology survey and projections  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major goals of this effort are as follows: (1) to examine technology insertion options to optimize Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) performance in the Advanced Launch System (ALS) environment; (2) to examine the AIPS concepts to ensure that valuable new technologies are not excluded from the AIPS/ALS implementations; (3) to examine advanced microprocessors applicable to AIPS/ALS, (4) to examine radiation hardening technologies applicable to AIPS/ALS; (5) to reach conclusions on AIPS hardware building blocks implementation technologies; and (6) reach conclusions on appropriate architectural improvements. The hardware building blocks are the Fault-Tolerant Processor, the Input/Output Sequencers (IOS), and the Intercomputer Interface Sequencers (ICIS).

Cole, Richard

1991-01-01

21

Conceptual Framework for the Mapping of Management Process with Information Technology in a Business Process  

PubMed Central

This study on component framework reveals the importance of management process and technology mapping in a business environment. We defined ERP as a software tool, which has to provide business solution but not necessarily an integration of all the departments. Any business process can be classified as management process, operational process and the supportive process. We have gone through entire management process and were enable to bring influencing components to be mapped with a technology for a business solution. Governance, strategic management, and decision making are thoroughly discussed and the need of mapping these components with the ERP is clearly explained. Also we suggest that implementation of this framework might reduce the ERP failures and especially the ERP misfit was completely rectified.

Chellappa, Swarnalatha; Nagarajan, Asha

2015-01-01

22

Information-Processing Architectures in Multidimensional Classification: A Validation Test of the Systems Factorial Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing methodology, known as the systems factorial technology (SFT), is being developed to diagnose the types of information-processing architectures (serial, parallel, or coactive) and stopping rules (exhaustive or self-terminating) that operate in tasks of multidimensional perception. Whereas most previous applications of SFT have been in…

Fific, Mario; Nosofsky, Robert M.; Townsend, James T.

2008-01-01

23

Information technology may not be 'it' for patient safety. Processes outweigh computers in improving quality.  

PubMed

While there is no question that information technology (IT) is inextricably tied to the future of health care delivery, claims that it is the cure-all for patient safety may be overrated. The key to success is managing change in organizational processes. PMID:16796229

Greene, Jan

2006-02-01

24

Quantum Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the research laboratories of Hewlett Packard, Quantum Information Technology provides an informative look at current work in quantum information processing and communication (QIPC). The report, published in November 2002, recognizes the potential applications of QIPC and how it could revolutionize conventional information technology. It cites cryptography, quantum computers, and quantum teleportation as motivational factors for development of this technology, offering a basic introduction to each discipline. The paper concludes with an analysis of the direction current research is taking and what the future may hold. Several links to further sources of information are also included.

Spiller, Timothy.

2002-01-01

25

How gamma radiation processing systems are benefiting from the latest advances in information technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses how gamma irradiation plants are putting the latest advances in computer and information technology to use for better process control, cost savings, and strategic advantages. Some irradiator operations are gaining significant benefits by integrating computer technology and robotics with real-time information processing, multi-user databases, and communication networks. The paper reports on several irradiation facilities that are making good use of client/server LANs, user-friendly graphics interfaces, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, distributed I/O with real-time sensor devices, trending analysis, real-time product tracking, dynamic product scheduling, and automated dosimetry reading. These plants are lowering costs by fast and reliable reconciliation of dosimetry data, easier validation to GMP requirements, optimizing production flow, and faster release of sterilized products to market. There is a trend in the manufacturing sector towards total automation using "predictive process control". Real-time verification of process parameters "on-the-run" allows control parameters to be adjusted appropriately, before the process strays out of limits. Applying this technology to the gamma radiation process, control will be based on monitoring the key parameters such as time, and making adjustments during the process to optimize quality and throughput. Dosimetry results will be used as a quality control measurement rather than as a final monitor for the release of the product. Results are correlated with the irradiation process data to quickly and confidently reconcile variations. Ultimately, a parametric process control system utilizing responsive control, feedback and verification will not only increase productivity and process efficiency, but can also result in operating within tighter dose control set points.

Gibson, Wayne H.; Levesque, Daniel

2000-03-01

26

The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process

Muglia, Victor O.

2010-01-01

27

Integrating semantic web technologies and geospatial catalog services for geospatial information discovery and processing in cyberinfrastructure  

SciTech Connect

Abstract A geospatial catalogue service provides a network-based meta-information repository and interface for advertising and discovering shared geospatial data and services. Descriptive information (i.e., metadata) for geospatial data and services is structured and organized in catalogue services. The approaches currently available for searching and using that information are often inadequate. Semantic Web technologies show promise for better discovery methods by exploiting the underlying semantics. Such development needs special attention from the Cyberinfrastructure perspective, so that the traditional focus on discovery of and access to geospatial data can be expanded to support the increased demand for processing of geospatial information and discovery of knowledge. Semantic descriptions for geospatial data, services, and geoprocessing service chains are structured, organized, and registered through extending elements in the ebXML Registry Information Model (ebRIM) of a geospatial catalogue service, which follows the interface specifications of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Catalogue Services for the Web (CSW). The process models for geoprocessing service chains, as a type of geospatial knowledge, are captured, registered, and discoverable. Semantics-enhanced discovery for geospatial data, services/service chains, and process models is described. Semantic search middleware that can support virtual data product materialization is developed for the geospatial catalogue service. The creation of such a semantics-enhanced geospatial catalogue service is important in meeting the demands for geospatial information discovery and analysis in Cyberinfrastructure.

Yue, Peng [Wuhan University; Gong, Jianya [Wuhan University; Di, Liping [George Mason University; He, Lianlian [Hubei University; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL

2011-04-01

28

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a problem commonly encountered in library automation projects: the conversion from existing card catalog formats to machine readable catalog (MARC) records. Catalog formats, the advantages of full versus limited records, changing computer technology, the advantages of full MARC records, and record standardization are among the topics…

Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

1982-01-01

29

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relates office automation to its application in libraries, discussing computer software packages for microcomputers performing tasks involved in word processing, accounting, statistical analysis, electronic filing cabinets, and electronic mail systems. (EJS)

Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

1983-01-01

30

Improving NASA's technology transfer process through increased screening and evaluation in the information dissemination program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current status of NASA's technology transfer system can be improved if the technology transfer process is better understood. This understanding will only be gained if a detailed knowledge about factors generally influencing technology transfer is developed, and particularly those factors affecting technology transfer from government R and D agencies to industry. Secondary utilization of aerospace technology is made more difficult because it depends on a transfer process which crosses established organizational lines of authority and which is outside well understood patterns of technical applications. In the absence of a sound theory about technology transfer and because of the limited capability of government agencies to explore industry's needs, a team approach to screening and evaluation of NASA generated technologies is proposed which calls for NASA, and other organizations of the private and public sectors which influence the transfer of NASA generated technology, to participate in a screening and evaluation process to determine the commercial feasibility of a wide range of technical applications.

Laepple, H.

1979-01-01

31

INVESTMENT PROCESSES OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES INVESTMENT EVALUATION. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION PRACTICES IN THE SME: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY IN ANDALUCÍA  

Microsoft Academic Search

From our point of view, we consider that evaluation is another aspect of the IT implementation process, which permits us to justify the investment to be carried out, to choose between different alternatives, to serve as an instrument of control over the implementation process, over its costs and benefits and, in short, over the success of the project. However, there

Miguel Ángel Ríos; Paula Luna Huertas; Alfonso Infante Moro

32

Effects of Different Multimedia Presentations on Viewers' Information-Processing Activities Measured by Eye-Tracking Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study implemented eye-tracking technology to understand the impact of different multimedia instructional materials, i.e., five successive pages versus a single page with the same amount of information, on information-processing activities in 21 non-science-major college students. The findings showed that students demonstrated the same number…

Chuang, Hsueh-Hua; Liu, Han-Chin

2012-01-01

33

Department of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Department of Information Technology Human-Computer Interaction http://www.it.uu.se/research/hci #12;InformationTechnology-HCI Department of Information Technology | www.it.uu.se Today's menu Who we and collaboration Teaching KoF 2007, effects? Vision and plans Challenges #12;InformationTechnology

Flener, Pierre

34

Information and Communication Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Communication is a central aspect of all our lives. Today, our modes of communication are highly dependent on technologies such as the internet, wireless networks, phones, and computers. This issue of Topic in Depth explores the ways these forms of communication are part of our lives and highlights some new directions in communication technology.WordIQ Dictionary and Encyclopedia (1) offers this definition: "Communication is the process of exchanging information usually via a common system of symbols." The website explains some of the key process involved in communication and describes different forms of communication, such as animal communication, interpersonal communication, and computer-mediated communication. Also taking a broad view on communication, this world history website (2) provides some background on the mathematical theories that are used in designing telecommunications systems. The articles highlighted on this website from the Center for the Study of Technology and Society (4) attest to the far reaching influence of communication technology. As research on the MediaLab Europe website suggests (5), we have moved into not just developing technology that mediates interpersonal communication (such as phones) but also creating "intimate and personal connections with and through new technologies." This NSF website (6) also highlights some recent discoveries in Computer Information Science and Engineering. Finally, this article from First Monday (7) discusses the far-reaching effects these new developments in technology and globalization are having on language and learning.

35

Processing technologies for extracting cobalt from domestic resources. Information Circular/1988  

SciTech Connect

A summary of the cobalt processing technologies for the major domestic resources is presented. The processing technologies for the Blackbird, Madison Mine, Duluth Gabbro, iron ore pyrite, laterites, and manganese sea nodules are nearly complete, but the economics are not favorable. Research on these resources should be limited to approaches that promise to cut the total processing costs by at least 50 pct. The most-promising sources of cobalt are the spent-copper leach solutions and siegenite from the Missouri lead ores. Research on cobalt processing from these two sources needs to be completed.

Jordan, C.E.

1988-01-01

36

Technological innovation and the trucking industry: Information revolution and the effect on the work process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  The trucking industry has experienced a drastic change in competitive forces in the past 20 years. These changes have led\\u000a to longer hours and lower wages and arguably to greater risk to drivers' health and safety. They have also led carriers to\\u000a implement new technologies, especially information technology, to compete successfully. While basic freight handling has undergone\\u000a marginal changes (manual

Michael H. Belzer

2002-01-01

37

Information Technology Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses accountability concerns in higher education regarding the value of information technology expenditures and applications and suggests the importance of institutional information technology plans. Topics include academic libraries and information technology plans; plan structures; writing a plan; and recommended sections to include in an…

Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

38

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

39

Aeronautical-Satellite-Assisted Process Being Developed for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communications technologies are being developed to address safety issues during aviation travel. Some of these technologies enable the aircraft to be in constant bidirectional communications with necessary systems, people, and other aircraft that are not currently in place today. Networking technologies, wireless datalinks, and advanced avionics techniques are areas of particular importance that the NASA Glenn Research Center has contributed. Glenn, in conjunction with the NASA Ames Research Center, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, and NASA Langley Research Center, is investigating methods and applications that would utilize these communications technologies. In mid-June 2000, the flight readiness of the network and communications technologies were demonstrated via a simulated aircraft. A van simulating an aircraft was equipped with advanced phased-array antennas (Advanced Communications/Air Traffic Management (AC/ATM) Advanced Air Transportation Technologies (AATT) project) that used commercial Ku-band satellite communications to connect Glenn, Dryden, and Ames in a combined system ground test. This test simulated air-ground bidirectional transport of real-time digital audio, text, and video data via a hybrid network configuration that demonstrated the flight readiness of the network and communications technologies. Specifically, a Controller Pilot Data Link Communications application was used with other applications to demonstrate a multiprotocol capability via Internet-protocol encapsulated ATN (Aeronautical Telecommunications Network) data packets. The significance of this combined ground test is its contribution to the Aero Information Technology Base Program Level I milestone (Software Technology investment area) of a real-time data link for the National Airspace System. The objective of this milestone was to address multiprotocol technology applicable for real-time data links between aircraft, a satellite, and the ground as well as the ability to distribute flight data with multilevel priorities among several sites.

Zernic, Michael J.

2001-01-01

40

Integrated science information and pipeline processing system: Application of new technologies on the IUE project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technologies including RISC architectures, an integrated centralized relational database system, optical disks, high-speed wide area networks, and graphical user interfaces are being employed on the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) Project to produce a homogeneous final archive of IUE data. Included in this effort is a thorough check of the IUE catalog for consistency and completeness, reprocessing the data using new algorithms, and output products quality assurance. At the outset of this effort, it was estimated that to accomplish this task using existing and available technologies would require nearly nine years. This time frame was unacceptable to the user community. Therefore, successful application of advanced technologies was required. This paper looks at how these technologies were brought together to form a system for data verification, pipeline processing, output verification, and data distribution.

Smith, Len; Hassett, Kevin; Dunn, Nepolia; Levay, Karen

1993-08-01

41

Implementing health information technology to improve the process of health care delivery: a case study.  

PubMed

Integration of health information is critical to the provision of effective, quality care in today's fragmented health care system. The increasing prevalence of chronic conditions and the demand for a comprehensive understanding of patient health on the part of providers are driving the need for the integration of health information through electronic health information systems. Two distinct health information systems currently utilized in the health care field include electronic medical records (EMR) and chronic disease management systems (CDMS). The integration of these systems is likely to enable the efficient management of health information and improve the quality of health care as it would provide real-time patient information in a coordinated manner. The lack of real-time information may result in delayed treatment, uninformed decisions, inefficient resource use, and medical errors. Despite their importance and widespread support, these systems have slow provider adoption rates. Our understanding of how health information technology may be used to improve health care is limited by the relative paucity of research on the adoption, integration, and implementation of these 2 types of systems. This paper documents the use of an EMR at Marshfield Clinic, a multidisciplinary group practice in the United States. We review the concomitant use of an EMR for clinical data capture and the implementation of a proprietary CDMS, InformaCare, for care management of chronic diseases. These 2 systems allow providers to deliver health care using evidence-based guidelines that meet the Institute of Medicine's aim of providing safe, efficient, patient-centered, and timely care. PMID:17718659

Follen, Marilyn; Castaneda, Rachel; Mikelson, Melissa; Johnson, Debrah; Wilson, Alisa; Higuchi, Keiko

2007-08-01

42

Performance Impacts of Strategy, Information Technology Applications, and Business Process Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

his paper develops a conceptual model to study the role of outsourcing strategies and plant-level information technology (IT) application infrastructure in the outsourcing of production and support business processes, as well as their subsequent impact on overall plant performance. We validate this model empirically using cross-sectional survey data from U.S. manufacturing plants. We find that some IT applications are more

Indranil Bardhan; Sunil Mithas; Shu Lin

2009-01-01

43

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

44

Technology Advertising Contact Information  

E-print Network

Overview #12;Technology Advertising Contact Information Alex Sheath 8596 4063 asheath Overview Our online Technology section is geared towards an IT professional environment, reaching a range of technology enthusiasts from every day gadget consumers to business decision makers where enterprise solutions

Peters, Richard

45

Information Technology and Enterprise Internal Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various types of information system become the core of business process along with the rapid development of modern information technology in the beginning of 1990s,Meanwhile,the internet has also expand to the world. Information technology not only brings great convenience to the enterprises, but also creates numerous unsafe factors, the increasing complexity of information technology has become a major risk what

Wang Yong

2010-01-01

46

Information Technology and Management Department of Information Technology and Management  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Management Department of Information Technology and Management Daniel F Chicago, IL 60616 appliedtech.iit.edu/information-technology-and- management Dean and Chair: C. Robert in the information technology and cyber security fields. The Information Technology and Management degrees apply

Heller, Barbara

47

Process Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, learn about process technology and career opportunities in this field. Process refers to the steps that chemicals go through to become products, like gasoline or medicine. Process technology is used in just about every manufacturing industry, from pharmaceuticals to automobiles to cosmetics. A process technician keeps the machines that process chemicals running smoothly.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

48

Mapping healthcare information technology  

E-print Network

In this thesis I have developed a map of Healthcare Information Technology applications used in the United States for care delivery, healthcare enterprise management, clinical support, research and patient engagement. No ...

Crawford, William Charles Richards

2010-01-01

49

October 2003 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

systems environment without ensuring that all people involved in using and managing information technology in attempts to secure systems and networks. The people fac tor - not technology - is key to provid ing an adequate and appropriate level of security. If people are the key, but are also a weak link, more

50

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

Loken, S.C. [ed.

1993-01-01

51

Improvement of workflow and processes to ease and enrich meaningful use of health information technology  

PubMed Central

The introduction of health information technology (HIT) can have unexpected and unintended patient safety and/or quality consequences. This highly desirable but complex intervention requires workflow changes in order to be effective. Workflow is often cited by providers as the number one ‘pain point’. Its redesign needs to be tailored to the organizational context, current workflow, HIT system being introduced, and the resources available. Primary care practices lack the required expertise and need external assistance. Unfortunately, the current methods of using esoteric charts or software are alien to health care workers and are, therefore, perceived to be barriers. Most importantly and ironically, these do not readily educate or enable staff to inculcate a common vision, ownership, and empowerment among all stakeholders. These attributes are necessary for creating highly reliable organizations. We present a tool that addresses US Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical (ACGME) competency requirements. Of the six competencies called for by the ACGME, the two that this tool particularly addresses are ‘system-based practice’ and ‘practice-based learning and continuing improvement’. This toolkit is founded on a systems engineering approach. It includes a motivational and orientation presentation, 128 magnetic pictorial and write-erase icons of 40 designs, dry-erase magnetic board, and five visual aids for reducing cognitive and emotive biases in staff. Pilot tests were carried out in practices in Western New York and Colorado, USA. In addition, the toolkit was presented at the 2011 North American Primary Care Research Group (NAPCRG) meeting and an Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) meeting in 2013 to solicit responses from attendees. It was also presented to the officers of the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) for HIT. All qualitative feedback was extremely positive and enthusiastic. The respondents recommended that the toolkit be disseminated widely to improve staff education and training, leading to practice improvements. PMID:24235855

Singh, Ranjit; Singh, Ashok; Singh, Devan R; Singh, Gurdev

2013-01-01

52

Improvement of workflow and processes to ease and enrich meaningful use of health information technology.  

PubMed

The introduction of health information technology (HIT) can have unexpected and unintended patient safety and/or quality consequences. This highly desirable but complex intervention requires workflow changes in order to be effective. Workflow is often cited by providers as the number one 'pain point'. Its redesign needs to be tailored to the organizational context, current workflow, HIT system being introduced, and the resources available. Primary care practices lack the required expertise and need external assistance. Unfortunately, the current methods of using esoteric charts or software are alien to health care workers and are, therefore, perceived to be barriers. Most importantly and ironically, these do not readily educate or enable staff to inculcate a common vision, ownership, and empowerment among all stakeholders. These attributes are necessary for creating highly reliable organizations. We present a tool that addresses US Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical (ACGME) competency requirements. Of the six competencies called for by the ACGME, the two that this tool particularly addresses are 'system-based practice' and 'practice-based learning and continuing improvement'. This toolkit is founded on a systems engineering approach. It includes a motivational and orientation presentation, 128 magnetic pictorial and write-erase icons of 40 designs, dry-erase magnetic board, and five visual aids for reducing cognitive and emotive biases in staff. Pilot tests were carried out in practices in Western New York and Colorado, USA. In addition, the toolkit was presented at the 2011 North American Primary Care Research Group (NAPCRG) meeting and an Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) meeting in 2013 to solicit responses from attendees. It was also presented to the officers of the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) for HIT. All qualitative feedback was extremely positive and enthusiastic. The respondents recommended that the toolkit be disseminated widely to improve staff education and training, leading to practice improvements. PMID:24235855

Singh, Ranjit; Singh, Ashok; Singh, Devan R; Singh, Gurdev

2013-01-01

53

Examining the potential of information technology to improve public insurance application processes: enrollee assessments from a concurrent mixed method analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the perceived readiness of Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) enrollees to use information technologies (IT) in order to facilitate improvements in the application processes for these public insurance programs. Methods We conducted a concurrent mixed method study of Medicaid and CHIP enrollees in a southern state. We conducted focus groups to identify enrollee concerns regarding the current application process and their IT proficiency. Additionally, we surveyed beneficiaries via telephone about their access to and use of the Internet, and willingness to adopt IT-enabled processes. 2013 households completed the survey. We used ?2 analysis for comparisons across different groups of respondents. Results A majority of enrollees will embrace IT-enabled enrollment, but a small yet significant group continues to lack access to facilitating technologies. Moreover, a segment of beneficiaries in the two programs continues to place a high value on personal interactions with program caseworkers. Discussion IT holds the promise of improving efficiency and reducing barriers for enrollees, but state and federal agencies managing public insurance programs need to ensure access to traditional processes and make caseworkers available to those who require and value such assistance, even after implementing IT-enabled processes. Conclusions The use of IT-enabled processes is essential for effectively managing eligibility and enrollment determinations for public programs and private plans offered through state or federally operated exchanges. However, state and federal officials should be cognizant of the technological readiness of recipients and provide offline help to ensure broad participation in the insurance market. PMID:24939970

Mishra, Abhay Nath; Ketsche, Patricia; Marton, James; Snyder, Angela; McLaren, Susan

2014-01-01

54

Fluency With Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSC 110. Fluency in Information Technology (3). Information representation, the Internet and HTML, algorithmic thinking and programming, language translation, modeling and abstraction, algorithmic complexity and non-computability, machine architecture and parallel computation, networks and communication, database principles, multimedia, social impacts of computing.

Dr Harry Smith

55

Information Technology Services Administrative Information System (ADMIN)  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services Administrative Information System (ADMIN) Banner Account Request Information Systems/Banner Guidelines for Data Standards, Data Integrity and Security document, which includes

Gering, Jon C.

56

Helsinki University of Technology: Computational Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computational Information Technology is a research group of the Laboratory of Computational Engineering at the Helsinki University of Technology in Finland. This section of the website introduces visitors to the group's work on modelling and analyzing complex physical, technical and economic processes and systems. Researchers "carry out method development and application oriented research on advanced probabilistic and information theoretic methods." Some applications include statistical modelling of financial markets, pattern recognition in neural networks, machine vision for microscope image processing, data mining, and intelligent human-machine interfaces. The Research Projects section describes the group's work in these areas and highlights the mathematical and statistical methods used, such as Bayesian methods, vision geometry, Turing's reaction-diffusion systems, and time-frequency analysis. Each research area has its own website, where the overall project and theoretical framework is described along with images and diagrams. Publications, such as theses and journal articles are listed and some conference proceedings and articles are available to download.

57

Integrating Information Technologies Into Large Organizations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Langley Research Center's product is aerospace research information. To this end, Langley uses information technology tools in three distinct ways. First, information technology tools are used in the production of information via computation, analysis, data collection and reduction. Second, information technology tools assist in streamlining business processes, particularly those that are primarily communication based. By applying these information tools to administrative activities, Langley spends fewer resources on managing itself and can allocate more resources for research. Third, Langley uses information technology tools to disseminate its aerospace research information, resulting in faster turn around time from the laboratory to the end-customer.

Gottlich, Gretchen; Meyer, John M.; Nelson, Michael L.; Bianco, David J.

1997-01-01

58

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

59

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

60

Information Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, you'll learn about the wide range of jobs that an information technology (IT) degree can make possible. From PCs to smartphones to cars, almost every tool we use today has computer technology embedded in it. The IT specialist is the person who keeps those computers operating and finds ways to make them run faster and more smoothly, so we can all get our work done.The video runs 1:37 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

61

Speech processing: An evolving technology  

SciTech Connect

As we enter the information age, speech processing is emerging as an important technology for making machines easier and more convenient for humans to use. It is both an old and a new technology - dating back to the invention of the telephone and forward, at least in aspirations, to the capabilities of HAL in 2001. Explosive advances in microelectronics now make it possible to implement economical real-time hardware for sophisticated speech processing - processing that formerly could be demonstrated only in simulations on main-frame computers. As a result, fundamentally new product concepts - as well as new features and functions in existing products - are becoming possible and are being explored in the marketplace. As the introductory piece to this issue, the authors draw a brief perspective on the evolving field of speech processing and assess the technology in the the three constituent sectors: speech coding, synthesis, and recognition.

Crochiere, R.E.; Flanagan, J.L.

1986-09-01

62

Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology  

E-print Network

, Jamila Gunawardena, Zhenqiu Liu Bioinformatics Cell Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center amounts of continuous physiologic data for a diversity of human and animal research studies, the U.S. Army-demonstration, the Physiology Analysis System is being used to warehouse and analyze continuous pre-hospital vital-sign data

63

Information-Processing Architectures in Multidimensional Classification: A Validation Test of the Systems Factorial Technology  

E-print Network

A growing methodology, known as the systems factorial technology (SFT), is being developed to diagnose applications of SFT have been in domains of simple detection and visual­memory search, this research extends dimensions. For the separable-dimension stimuli, the SFT methodology revealed a serial or parallel

Nosofsky, Robert M.

64

Information technologies for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography  

E-print Network

there are generally available information technologies that meet requirements for routine applications. This paperReview Information technologies for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography Stephen E GC) presents information technology challenges in data handling, visualization, processing, analysis

Reichenbach, Stephen E.

65

Information Technology and Management Information Technology and Management  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Management Information Technology and Management IIT School of Applied Technology Daniel F. and Ada L. Rice Campus 201 E. Loop Road Wheaton, IL 60187 www.iit.edu/applied tech/ Dean Technology & Management program is to educate and inform students to prepare them to assume technical

Heller, Barbara

66

Geospatial Technology/Traditional Ecological Knowledge-Derived Information Tools for the Enhancement of Coastal Restoration Decision Support Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research investigated the feasibility and benefits of integrating geospatial technology with traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of an indigenous Louisiana coastal population in order to assess the impacts of current and historical ecosystem change to community viability. The primary goal was to provide resource managers with a comprehensive method of assessing localized ecological change in the Gulf Coast region that can benefit community sustainability. Using Remote Sensing (RS), Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and other geospatial technologies integrated with a coastal community's TEK to achieve this goal, the objectives were (1) to determine a method for producing vulnerability/sustainability mapping products for an ecosystem-dependent livelihood base of a coastal population that results from physical information derived from RS imagery and supported, refined, and prioritized with TEK, and (2) to demonstrate how such an approach can engage affected community residents who are interested in understanding better marsh health and ways that marsh health can be recognized, and the causes of declining marsh determined and addressed. TEK relevant to the project objectives collected included: changes in the flora and fauna over time; changes in environmental conditions observed over time such as land loss; a history of man-made structures and impacts to the area; as well as priority areas of particular community significance or concern. Scientific field data collection measured marsh vegetation health characteristics. These data were analyzed for correlation with satellite image data acquired concurrently with field data collection. Resulting regression equations were applied to the image data to produce estimated marsh health maps. Historical image datasets of the study area were acquired to understand evolution of land change to current conditions and project future vulnerability. Image processing procedures were developed and applied to produce maps that detail land change in the study area at time intervals from 1968 to 2009. This information was combined with the TEK and scientific datasets in a GIS to produce mapping products that provide new information to the coastal restoration decision making process. This information includes: (1) what marsh areas are most vulnerable; and (2) what areas are most significant to the sustainability of the community.

Bethel, Matthew Byron

67

Towards Online Delivery of Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning Techniques in Information Technology Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) is a technique used to teach in large lectures and tutorials. It invokes interaction, team building, learning and interest through highly structured group work. Currently, POGIL has only been implemented in traditional classroom settings where all participants are physically present. However,…

Trevathan, Jarrod; Myers, Trina

2013-01-01

68

Technological innovation processes revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is part of an inquiry into the causes of the small occurrence of innovations in the Brazilian society. It was based on a retrospective analysis of cases experienced by the author, as well as on the study of certain industries. The systemic model of the technological innovation process presented here, while revisiting the models in the literature, emphasizes

Antonio Cantisani

2006-01-01

69

Process Technology: Process Maintenance Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, youâ??ll meet Tyrone Walker, who keeps the enormous machines at a Tupperware factory running 24/7/365. Tyrone is a process maintenance engineer. This means he inspects all the parts of a machineâ??s electronics system looking for problems, from the tiniest components to the machine as a whole. Tyrone's community college degree in electronic engineering is key to doing this job, which he loves.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

70

Hybrid quantum information processing  

E-print Network

The development of quantum information processing has traditionally followed two separate and not immediately connected lines of study. The main line has focused on the implementation of quantum bit (qubit) based protocols whereas the other line has been devoted to implementations based on high-dimensional Gaussian states (such as coherent and squeezed states). The separation has been driven by the experimental difficulty in interconnecting the standard technologies of the two lines. However, in recent years, there has been a significant experimental progress in refining and connecting the technologies of the two fields which has resulted in the development and experimental realization of numerous new hybrid protocols. In this Review, we summarize these recent efforts on hybridizing the two types of schemes based on discrete and continuous variables.

Ulrik L. Andersen; Jonas S. Neergaard-Nielsen; Peter van Loock; Akira Furusawa

2014-09-12

71

From Signal Information Processing  

E-print Network

information processing systems Encoder a0 X(a0) a1 X(a1) dX (a0,a1) #12;How to choose a distance? o Calculate, but how effectively to they do so? o Systems process information, selectively suppressing irrelevant information and accentuating important information by acting on signals (information filters) o System design

72

Information-computational system for storage, search and analytical processing of environmental datasets based on the Semantic Web technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this report the results of the work devoted to the development of working model of the software system for storage, semantically-enabled search and retrieval along with processing and visualization of environmental datasets containing results of meteorological and air pollution observations and mathematical climate modeling are presented. Specially designed metadata standard for machine-readable description of datasets related to meteorology, climate and atmospheric pollution transport domains is introduced as one of the key system components. To provide semantic interoperability the Resource Description Framework (RDF, http://www.w3.org/RDF/) technology means have been chosen for metadata description model realization in the form of RDF Schema. The final version of the RDF Schema is implemented on the base of widely used standards, such as Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (http://dublincore.org/), Directory Interchange Format (DIF, http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/User/difguide/difman.html), ISO 19139, etc. At present the system is available as a Web server (http://climate.risks.scert.ru/metadatabase/) based on the web-portal ATMOS engine [1] and is implementing dataset management functionality including SeRQL-based semantic search as well as statistical analysis and visualization of selected data archives [2,3]. The core of the system is Apache web server in conjunction with Tomcat Java Servlet Container (http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/) and Sesame Server (http://www.openrdf.org/) used as a database for RDF and RDF Schema. At present statistical analysis of meteorological and climatic data with subsequent visualization of results is implemented for such datasets as NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis, Reanalysis NCEP/DOE AMIP II, JMA/CRIEPI JRA-25, ECMWF ERA-40 and local measurements obtained from meteorological stations on the territory of Russia. This functionality is aimed primarily at finding of main characteristics of regional climate dynamics. The proposed system represents a step in the process of development of a distributed collaborative information-computational environment to support multidisciplinary investigations of Earth regional environment [4]. Partial support of this work by SB RAS Integration Project 34, SB RAS Basic Program Project 4.5.2.2, APN Project CBA2007-08NSY and FP6 Enviro-RISKS project (INCO-CT-2004-013427) is acknowledged. References 1. E.P. Gordov, V.N. Lykosov, and A.Z. Fazliev. Web portal on environmental sciences "ATMOS" // Advances in Geosciences. 2006. Vol. 8. p. 33 - 38. 2. Gordov E.P., Okladnikov I.G., Titov A.G. Development of elements of web based information-computational system supporting regional environment processes investigations // Journal of Computational Technologies, Vol. 12, Special Issue #3, 2007, pp. 20 - 28. 3. Okladnikov I.G., Titov A.G. Melnikova V.N., Shulgina T.M. Web-system for processing and visualization of meteorological and climatic data // Journal of Computational Technologies, Vol. 13, Special Issue #3, 2008, pp. 64 - 69. 4. Gordov E.P., Lykosov V.N. Development of information-computational infrastructure for integrated study of Siberia environment // Journal of Computational Technologies, Vol. 12, Special Issue #2, 2007, pp. 19 - 30.

Titov, A.; Gordov, E.; Okladnikov, I.

2009-04-01

73

Are there contagion effects in information technology and business process outsourcing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We model the diffusion of IT outsourcing using announcements about IT outsourcing deals. We estimate a lognormal diffusion curve to test whether IT outsourcing follows a pure diffusion process or there are contagion effects involved. The methodology permits us to study the consequences of outsourcing events, especially mega-deals with IT contract amounts that exceed US$1billion. Mega-deals act, we theorize, as

Arti Mann; Robert J. Kauffman; Kunsoo Han; Barrie R. Nault

2011-01-01

74

Student Technology Use in the Information-Seeking and Information-Gathering Process: A Critical Incident Approach for Benchmarking Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an exploratory study of student behavior using online tools to do project-based work for a library science course at a mid-sized Midwestern public university. The population was 22 net generation students aged 18-24, who were enrolled in an Introduction to Information Resources course. The study was designed to better understand…

Cordes, Sean

2012-01-01

75

September 2005 ADVISING USERS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

September 2005 ADVISING USERS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BBuulllleettiinn BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES: HELPING TO PROTECT INFORMATION AND AUTOMATED TRANSACTIONS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES: HELPING TO PROTECT INFORMATION AND AUTOMATED TRANSACTIONS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS

76

Information Technology and Healthcare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In July 2004, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) launched its initiative to develop a National Health Information Infrastructure. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to create an electronic health record (EHR) for every American so that health records can be securely shared among health care providers. This Topic in Depth explores developments in electronic health records and technology.This first website (1) is the official site for the National Health Information Infrastructure 2004: Cornerstones for Electronic Healthcare. Some current ideas for how to share medical records, such as secured online postings or saving data on flash disks are discussed in this article from PC World (2). This next article (3) discusses another development in information technology, implantable electronic identification chips. The fourth website (4) presents findings from a recent Medical Records Institute survey of health providers on their current uses, future hopes and perceived barriers to electronic health record systems. One challenge for the initiative is interoperability, which is explained generally on this website (5). The issue of interoperability, as well as privacy and fragmentation in the health industry are addressed in the Preliminary Roadmap for Achieving Electronic Connectivity in Healthcare released by Connecting for Health (6). For more on current research on technology supporting the use of electronic records see this website from The Electronic Record Development and Implementation Programme (ERDIP) (7).

77

Measuring the Impact of Information Technology on Value and Productivity using a Process-Based Approach: The case for RFID Technologies  

E-print Network

There has been a lot of research addressing the relationship between Information Technology (IT) investments and productivity. Most of the work has been based on firm-level metrics such as total IT ...

Subirana, Brian

2004-12-10

78

Measuring the Impact of Information Technology on Value and Productivity using a Process-Based Approach: The case for RFID Technology  

E-print Network

There has been a lot of research addressing the relationship between Information Technology (IT) investments and productivity. Most of the work has been based on firm-level metrics such as total IT investment. We present ...

Subirana, Brian

2004-03-12

79

Evaluating geographic information systems technology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Computerized geographic information systems (GISs) are emerging as the spatial data handling tools of choice for solving complex geographical problems. However, few guidelines exist for assisting potential users in identifying suitable hardware and software. A process to be followed in evaluating the merits of GIS technology is presented. Related standards and guidelines, software functions, hardware components, and benchmarking are discussed. By making users aware of all aspects of adopting GIS technology, they can decide if GIS is an appropriate tool for their application and, if so, which GIS should be used.

Guptill, Stephen C.

1989-01-01

80

Vaccine process technology.  

PubMed

The evolution of vaccines (e.g., live attenuated, recombinant) and vaccine production methods (e.g., in ovo, cell culture) are intimately tied to each other. As vaccine technology has advanced, the methods to produce the vaccine have advanced and new vaccine opportunities have been created. These technologies will continue to evolve as we strive for safer and more immunogenic vaccines and as our understanding of biology improves. The evolution of vaccine process technology has occurred in parallel to the remarkable growth in the development of therapeutic proteins as products; therefore, recent vaccine innovations can leverage the progress made in the broader biotechnology industry. Numerous important legacy vaccines are still in use today despite their traditional manufacturing processes, with further development focusing on improving stability (e.g., novel excipients) and updating formulation (e.g., combination vaccines) and delivery methods (e.g., skin patches). Modern vaccine development is currently exploiting a wide array of novel technologies to create safer and more efficacious vaccines including: viral vectors produced in animal cells, virus-like particles produced in yeast or insect cells, polysaccharide conjugation to carrier proteins, DNA plasmids produced in E. coli, and therapeutic cancer vaccines created by in vitro activation of patient leukocytes. Purification advances (e.g., membrane adsorption, precipitation) are increasing efficiency, while innovative analytical methods (e.g., microsphere-based multiplex assays, RNA microarrays) are improving process understanding. Novel adjuvants such as monophosphoryl lipid A, which acts on antigen presenting cell toll-like receptors, are expanding the previously conservative list of widely accepted vaccine adjuvants. As in other areas of biotechnology, process characterization by sophisticated analysis is critical not only to improve yields, but also to determine the final product quality. From a regulatory perspective, Quality by Design (QbD) and Process Analytical Technology (PAT) are important initiatives that can be applied effectively to many types of vaccine processes. Universal demand for vaccines requires that a manufacturer plan to supply tens and sometimes hundreds of millions of doses per year at low cost. To enable broader use, there is intense interest in improving temperature stability to allow for excursions from a rigid cold chain supply, especially at the point of vaccination. Finally, there is progress in novel routes of delivery to move away from the traditional intramuscular injection by syringe approach. PMID:22407777

Josefsberg, Jessica O; Buckland, Barry

2012-06-01

81

Formated technology and informated action: The nature of information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is part of a series examining the fundamental nature of informatics: a term used as a convenient umbrella term to stand for the overlapping disciplinary areas of information systems, information management and information technology. The aim of the current paper is to consider some of the universal features of information technology. This is accomplished in terms of a

Paul Beynon-Davies

2009-01-01

82

Georgia Southern University Information Technology  

E-print Network

Georgia Southern University Information Technology Organization Chart 2013-2014 FINAL: September 18, 2013 R\\Work\\Common:\\OrgCharts\\Rev2014\\ Information Technology \\CIO Produced: Strategic Research of the groups of units reporting there. President Vice President for Information Technology and Chief

Hutcheon, James M.

83

Regaining Control Over Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living in postindustrial, 21st-century society means being surrounded by the accoutrements of information technology. Information technology is in people's offices, cars and homes. One third of adults do not deal well with information technology, according to the research of Larry Rosen, psychology professor, author, and pundit. Rosen is the Paul…

Goldsborough, Reid

2005-01-01

84

Information Technology and Web Science  

E-print Network

Rensselaer Graduate Studies Information Technology and Web Science Rensselaer nurtures a "low walls advanced study in the highly creative, interdisci- plinary field of Information Technology and Web Science to gain a breadth of IT knowledge: itws.rpi.edu #12;itws.rpi.edu Information Technology and Web Science

85

Information Technology: Perspectives and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The full impact of the current information technology and networking revolution remains unknown, but the experiences of organizations and individuals who are using the tools and resources offered by information technology suggest that it may change our social fabric. Some of the current and emerging trends in information technology include: the…

Robinson, Doug

86

Children, Information and New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technological change affects current lifestyles and will continue to affect access to information, children should remain a primary consideration, with new technology serving to provide information to them. The growing importance of information is fundamental to recent technological change based on the development of computers and the silicon…

Cook, John

87

Titanium Process Technologies  

SciTech Connect

Titanium has a unique set of properties: low density, high specific strength, high temperature strength, and exceptional resistance to corrosion. Titanium is the fourth most common structural metal in the earth's crust. Only iron, aluminum, and magnesium are more abundant. More titanium is available than nickel, copper, chromium, lead, tin, and zinc put together. However, the current titanium production system is extremely labor and capital intensive. Titanium is expensive only because the current process for refining the ore to metal is a multi-step, high temperature batch process. This article will first describe current titanium technology, and will then discuss four of the most promising approaches to reduce the cost of titanium. These include the Kroll, Hunter, Cambridge, and Armstrong processes.

Steven J. Gerdemann

2001-07-01

88

Particle processing technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, there has been strong demand for the development of novel devices and equipment that support advanced industries including IT/semiconductors, the environment, energy and aerospace along with the achievement of higher efficiency and reduced environmental impact. Many studies have been conducted on the fabrication of innovative inorganic materials with novel individual properties and/or multifunctional properties including electrical, dielectric, thermal, optical, chemical and mechanical properties through the development of particle processing. The fundamental technologies that are key to realizing such materials are (i) the synthesis of nanoparticles with uniform composition and controlled crystallite size, (ii) the arrangement/assembly and controlled dispersion of nanoparticles with controlled particle size, (iii) the precise structural control at all levels from micrometer to nanometer order and (iv) the nanostructural design based on theoretical/experimental studies of the correlation between the local structure and the functions of interest. In particular, it is now understood that the application of an external stimulus, such as magnetic energy, electrical energy and/or stress, to a reaction field is effective in realizing advanced particle processing [1-3]. This special issue comprises 12 papers including three review papers. Among them, seven papers are concerned with phosphor particles, such as silicon, metals, Si3N4-related nitrides, rare-earth oxides, garnet oxides, rare-earth sulfur oxides and rare-earth hydroxides. In these papers, the effects of particle size, morphology, dispersion, surface states, dopant concentration and other factors on the optical properties of phosphor particles and their applications are discussed. These nanoparticles are classified as zero-dimensional materials. Carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphene are well-known one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) materials, respectively. This special issue also includes two papers on the fabrication of mechanically reliable nanocomposites by dispersing graphene into a ceramic matrix, and on supercapacitors with high energy densities in a Co(OH)2 system decorated with graphene and carbon nanotubes. As a novel preparation method of oxide films, the fabrication of alumina films with laminated structures by ac anodization is reviewed. Moreover a new type of nanosheet has been fabricated by the exfoliation of layered, ternary transition-metal carbide and nitride compounds, known as Mn + 1AXn phases (or MAX phases) where M is an early transition metal, such as Ti or Nb, A is an A group element, such as Si or Al, X is carbon and/or nitrogen and n = 1-3 [4]. Among the MAX phases, those containing Mo have been theoretically calculated by first-principles calculations to be a source for obtaining Mo2C nanosheets with potentially unique properties. As an example of improving bulk ceramic properties, texturing by using a high magnetic field [5] and sintering by the electric current activated/assisted sintering (ECAS) technology [6] have been demonstrated for ultra-high temperature ceramics with high-temperature strength. A project on the development of materials and particle processing for the field of environment and energy has been ongoing at the National Institute for Materials Science since April 2011. This project employs various core competence technologies for particle processing such as ion beam irradiation for nanoparticle fabrication [7], fullerene nanomaterial processing using liquid-liquid interface precipitation [8], a gas reduction nitridation process to obtain Si3N4-based phosphor materials [9], advanced phosphors via novel processing [10, 11], ultra-high pressure technology for processing and in situ analysis [12, 13], colloidal processing in a high magnetic field to obtain laminated, textured ceramics [1, 3, 5], the ECAS process for nanostructuring ceramics [6] and so forth. Here, I would like to introduce some research achievements that are not covered in this special issue. (1) The evolution of hydrogen by the react

Sakka, Yoshio

2014-02-01

89

Information processing analysis of human land mine detection skill,” In Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IV  

E-print Network

This paper describes findings from a study conducted to analyze the behavior, knowledge, and thinking that support the highest levels of human land mine detection skill. A recent assessment of land mine detection capability concluded that “human operators perform better with any detector system than the corresponding fully automated system. ” 1 This assessment, plus evidence linking individual differences in detection ability to experience, suggests that methods, data, and theory developed in studying human expertise can be applied to the problems of land mine detection and discrimination. Studies of experts across a variety of skill domains have demonstrated that analyses of experts ’ skills can yield findings useful for designing efficient and effective training programs and supporting technology development. This initial field study was performed to (a) identify the upper levels of human mine detection capability using currently-fielded hand-held equipment and (b) model the knowledge, thinking, and techniques employed by proficient human operators. Two experienced operators showed sufficiently impressive detection performance to qualify as experts. Data also show that a skilled PSS-12 operator can detect low-metal mines with considerable accuracy. A first-approximation information-processing model of expert operator skill is presented that is based on observation of the operators ’ activities as they searched for mine targets.

James J. Staszewski

1999-01-01

90

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

91

Information Technology: American National Standard for  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format Publication 500-245 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial, & Scar Mark & Tattoo (SMT) Information Sponsored by Information Technology

92

Main Trends in Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes applications of new technology to information handling on the basis of two trends--the miniaturization of electronic circuits and the shift from analog to digital modes of communication. Information technologies discussed are microcomputers, word processors, telecommunications, storage technologies, databases, videotex, and teletext.…

Griffiths, Jose-Marie

1982-01-01

93

Information technology security system engineering methodology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology is described for system engineering security into large information technology systems under development. The methodology is an integration of a risk management process and a generic system development life cycle process. The methodology is to be used by Security System Engineers to effectively engineer and integrate information technology security into a target system as it progresses through the development life cycle. The methodology can also be used to re-engineer security into a legacy system.

Childs, D.

2003-01-01

94

NASA Information Technology Implementation Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Information Technology (IT) resources and IT support continue to be a growing and integral part of all NASA missions. Furthermore, the growing IT support requirements are becoming more complex and diverse. The following are a few examples of the growing complexity and diversity of NASA's IT environment. NASA is conducting basic IT research in the Intelligent Synthesis Environment (ISE) and Intelligent Systems (IS) Initiatives. IT security, infrastructure protection, and privacy of data are requiring more and more management attention and an increasing share of the NASA IT budget. Outsourcing of IT support is becoming a key element of NASA's IT strategy as exemplified by Outsourcing Desktop Initiative for NASA (ODIN) and the outsourcing of NASA Integrated Services Network (NISN) support. Finally, technology refresh is helping to provide improved support at lower cost. Recently the NASA Automated Data Processing (ADP) Consolidation Center (NACC) upgraded its bipolar technology computer systems with Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology systems. This NACC upgrade substantially reduced the hardware maintenance and software licensing costs, significantly increased system speed and capacity, and reduced customer processing costs by 11 percent.

2000-01-01

95

Information Technology Security Assessment Framework  

E-print Network

Federal Information Technology Security Assessment Framework November 28, 2000 Prepared for Security, Privacy, and Critical Infrastructure Committee by National Institute of Standards and Technology the risks and other factors that could negatively impact their mission goals. Moreover, these officials must

96

Securing Information Technology in Healthcare  

PubMed Central

Dartmouth College’s Institute for Security, Technology, and Society conducted three workshops on securing information technology in healthcare, attended by a diverse range of experts in the field. This article summarizes the three workshops. PMID:25379030

Anthony, Denise; Campbell, Andrew T.; Candon, Thomas; Gettinger, Andrew; Kotz, David; Marsch, Lisa A.; Molina-Markham, Andrés; Page, Karen; Smith, Sean W.; Gunter, Carl A.; Johnson, M. Eric

2014-01-01

97

How Does Information Technology Affect Productivity? Plant-Level Comparisons of Product Innovation, Process Improvement, and Worker Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

To study the effects of new information technologies (IT) on productivity, we have assembled a unique data set on plants in one narrowly defined industry-valve manufacturing-and analyze several plant-level mechanisms through which IT could promote productivity growth. The empirical analysis reveals three main results. First, plants that adopt new IT-enhanced equipment also shift their business strategies by producing more customized

Ann Bartel; Casey Ichniowski; Kathryn Shaw

2007-01-01

98

Image processing technologies in intelligent transportation systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays in intelligent transportation systems (ITS), information gathering depends heavily on visual information. Image processing technologies (IPT) play a key role. After a brief introduction of ITS, IPT is illustrated from three aspects: image sensor, image processing methods and image processing system. Among many applications for image processing in ITS, the paper presents a roadside example, licence plate recognition (LPR). Attention is centered around two aspects of LPR: plate character isolation and plate character recognition. Lastly, the paper indicates the trends of image-processing technologies in ITS.

Wang, Zhengyou; Liu, Jilin

2003-09-01

99

Information technology equipment cooling system  

SciTech Connect

According to one embodiment, a system for removing heat from a rack of information technology equipment may include a sidecar indoor air to liquid heat exchanger that cools warm air generated by the rack of information technology equipment. The system may also include a liquid to liquid heat exchanger and an outdoor heat exchanger. The system may further include configurable pathways to connect and control fluid flow through the sidecar heat exchanger, the liquid to liquid heat exchanger, the rack of information technology equipment, and the outdoor heat exchanger based upon ambient temperature and/or ambient humidity to remove heat from the rack of information technology equipment.

Schultz, Mark D.

2014-06-10

100

Information Technology and Management Information Technology and Management  

E-print Network

Professor and Director of the VoIP Laboratory, IIT School of Applied Technology. B.S.E.E. Cornell University programming, Web application development, embedded systems, intelligent device application development, cloud virtualization, information secu- rity management, information technology policy, cloud computing, open source

Saniie, Jafar

101

New Technology and Information Explosion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A flood of new electronic technologies promises to usher in the Information Age and alter economic and social structures. Telematics, a potent combination of telecommunications and computer technologies, could eventually bring huge volumes of information to great numbers of people by making large data bases accessible to computer terminals in…

Johns, David

102

Information Technology Issues. Transition Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed to the new administration and the Congress, this summary report on Federal Government information management and technology issues begins by describing the environment in which information technology has been managed. Arguing that effective government depends directly on effective automation to support programs and initiatives, the…

Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.

103

The Economics of Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Economics of Information Technology is a concise and accessible review of some of the important economic factors affecting information technology industries. These industries are characterized by high fixed costs and low marginal costs of production, large switching costs for users, and strong network effects. These factors combine to produce some unique behavior. The book consists of two parts. In

Hal R. Varian; Joseph Farrell; Carl Shapiro

2001-01-01

104

Information Technology and Disabilities (ITD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Electronic Journal: Information Technology and Disabilities: Refereed journal focussed on the development and effective use of new and emerging technologies by computer users with disabilities. Founded by EASI (Equal Access to Software and Information), topics include issues affecting rehabilitation counselors, human resources professionals, and developers of adaptive computer hardware and software products.

105

New Mexico: Information Technology Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses information technology initiatives in New Mexico that involve: a consortium of agencies, businesses, universities, and government offices; dial-up Internet access; access to government information; state educational technology plans; wiring institutions of higher education; two state networks; and tribal initiatives to improve…

Watkins, Karen

1996-01-01

106

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 5: New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers and one abstract of a paper are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on new technology issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "The Use of Groupware in the Reengineering of Business Processes" (Richard M. Kesner), which discusses the role of new information

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

107

Process Technology Student: Chemical & Refinery Process Technician  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, learn about process technology and the career of a process technician, also known as a process operator. Process technology is what turns chemicals into products, from oil and gas to cosmetics and rubber soles for shoes. The process technician keeps the machines that process chemicals running smoothly. Jason Canales is studying to become a process technician. He explains what brought him to this field and why he wants to work at a refinery or a chemical plant after he graduates. Jason visits a factory to better understand how his classwork can be applied in the real world.The video runs 2:51 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

108

Process Technology Student: Oil Refinery Process Technician  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, observe how Sandra Garcia is studying to be a process technician, and learn about the field of process technology. Sandra explains how her love of science brought her to community college after years away from school and how she's looking forward to a career in process technology. Also learn about the mysterious refractometer and how it can keep things running smoothly in a refinery.The video runs 2:31 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

109

Electronic Technology and Access to Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of access to information in academic libraries focuses on the effects information technology is having and will continue to have on libraries and on users. Topics discussed include electronic publishing; CD-ROM; cooperative collection development and resource sharing; library networks; internal bibliographic and processing systems;…

Downes, Robin N.

1990-01-01

110

CICT Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CICT Program is part of the NASA Aerospace Technology Enterprise's fundamental technology thrust to develop tools. processes, and technologies that enable new aerospace system capabilities and missions. The CICT Program's four key objectives are: Provide seamless access to NASA resources- including ground-, air-, and space-based distributed information technology resources-so that NASA scientists and engineers can more easily control missions, make new scientific discoveries, and design the next-generation space vehicles, provide high-data delivery from these assets directly to users for missions, develop goal-oriented human-centered systems, and research, develop and evaluate revolutionary technology.

Laufenberg, Lawrence; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

111

Intelligence, Information Technology, and Information Warfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the use of information technology for intelligence and information warfare in the context of national security and reviews the status of clandestine collection. Discusses hacking, human agent collection, signal interception, covert action, counterintelligence and security, and communications between intelligence producers and consumers…

Davies, Philip H. J.

2002-01-01

112

Beyond Computation: Information Technology, Organizational  

E-print Network

technologies, such as the telegraph, the steam engine and the electric motor, illustrate a pattern of information that can be digitized--numbers, text, video, music, speech, programs, and engineer- ing drawings

113

Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials. The tutorials fall under the categories of electronics, fiber optics, general computing and programming, general telecommunications, java, math, matlab, networking and physics.

114

Managing agile information technology infrastructure  

E-print Network

Information technology (IT) can be a key contributor for the successful implementation of business strategies. However, companies normally find it hard to synchronize their evolving business strategies with the capabilities ...

Kalissery, Biju

2007-01-01

115

Information Technology: Computer Systems Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Watch how a community college education took one person from being a computer know-nothing to having a career as a successful information technologist, in this video adapted from Pathways to Technology.

WGBH Educational Foundation

2012-05-18

116

How Information Technology Is  

E-print Network

of Technology All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic today. A pack of cigarettes cost 15 cents, a bottle of Coca- Cola 5 cents, and a dozen eggs 50 cents) to track changes in the prices of thousands of consumer goods, including eggs, stamps, and cigarettes

117

Physics as Information Processing  

SciTech Connect

I review some recent advances in foundational research at Pavia QUIT group. The general idea is that there is only Quantum Theory without quantization rules, and the whole Physics - including space-time and relativity - is emergent from the quantum-information processing. And since Quantum Theory itself is axiomatized solely on informational principles, the whole Physics must be reformulated in information-theoretical terms: this is the It from bit of J. A. Wheeler.The review is divided into four parts: a) the informational axiomatization of Quantum Theory; b) how space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from quantum computation; c) what is the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and of ({h_bar}/2{pi}), and how the quantum field emerges; d) an observational consequence of the new quantum field theory: a mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I will conclude with the research lines that will follow in the immediate future.

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', 27100 Pavia (Italy) and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo IV, Sezione di Pavia (Italy)

2011-03-28

118

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1995-01-01

119

HOW TO ACCESS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION  

EPA Science Inventory

ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) is an on-line computer database and repository for information on remediation and treatment technologies. t contains several of EPA's technology databases, including the Treatment Technology Database, the RREL (Risk Redu...

120

Information flow and work productivity through integrated information technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work environment surrounding integrated office systems is reviewed. The known effects of automated office technologies is synthesized and their known impact on work efficiency is reviewed. These effects are explored with regard to their impact on networks, work flow/processes, as well as organizational structure and power. Particular emphasis is given to structural changes due to the introduction of newer information technologies in organizations. The new information technologies have restructed the average organization's middle banks and, as a consequence, they have shrunk drastically. Organizational pyramids have flattened with fewer levels since executives have realized that they can get ahold of the needed information via the new technologies quicker and directly and do not have to rely on middle-level managers. Power shifts are typically accompanied with the introduction of these technologies resulting in the generation of a new form of organizational power.

Wigand, R. T.

1985-01-01

121

Information Technology Services (ITS) Information Technology Services (ITS) ensures that faculty, students, and staff have the  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services (ITS) Information Technology Services (ITS) ensures that faculty, students, and staff have the information technology tools and infrastructure necessary to carry out maximum use of the appropriate information technology tools in their learning, teaching, research

Maroncelli, Mark

122

University of Connecticut Information Technology Security  

E-print Network

University of Connecticut Information Technology Security Incident Response Plan #12;- i - Revision technology needs of the University. The Information Technology Security Office has created this Incident, affiliates, or students. Audience This document is primarily for University departmental information security

Alpay, S. Pamir

123

Immunology as Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes the behavior of the immune system from an informationprocessing perspective. It reviews a series of projects conducted at the University of New Mexico and the Santa Fe Institute, which have developed and explored the theme "immunology as information processing." The projects cover the spectrum from serious modeling of real immunological phenomena, such as crossreactive responses in animals

Stephanie Forrest; Steven A. Hofmeyr

2000-01-01

124

Hybrid quantum information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are two types of schemes for quantum information processing (QIP). One is based on qubits, and the other is based on continuous variables (CVs), where the computational basis for qubit QIP is |0 >, |1 > and that for CV QIP is |x > (-?< x < ?). A universal gate set for qubit QIP is `bit flip'?x, `phase flip'?z, `Hadamard gate'H, `?/8 gate', `controlled NOT (CNOT) gate'. Similarly, a universal gate set for CV QIP is `x-displacement'D(x), `p-displacement'D(ip), `Fourier gate'F, `cubic phase gateé^ikx^3, `quantum non-demolition (QND) gate'. There is one-to-one correspondence between them. CV version of `bit flip'?x is `x-displacement'D(x), which changes the value of the computational basis. Similarly, CV version of `phase flip'?z is `p-displacement'D(ip), where `phase flip'?z switches the ``value'' of `conjugate basis' of qubit |+ ,- > (|±>= (|0 >±|1 >)/?2) and `p-displacement'D(ip) changes the value of CV conjugate basis |p >. `Hadamard' and `Fourier' gates transform computational bases to respective conjugate bases. CV version of `?/8 gate' is a `cubic phase gateé^ikx^3, and CV version of CNOT gate is a QND gate. However, the origin of nonlinearity for QIP is totally different, here the very basic nonlinear operation is calculation of multiplication and of course it is the heart of information processing. The nonlinearity of qubit QIP comes from a CNOT gate, while that of CV QIP comes from a cubic phase gate. Since nonlinear operations are harder to realize compared to linear operations, the most difficult operation for qubit is a CNOT gate, while the counter part, a QND gate, is not so difficult. CNOT and QND gates are both entangling gates, it follows that creating entanglement is easier for CV QIP compared to qubit QIP. Here, creating entanglement is the heart of QIP. So, it is a big advantage of CV QIP. On the other hand, the fidelity of CV QIP is not so high because perfect fidelity needs infinite energy, which comes from the infinite dimensionality of CV QIP. To overcome the difficulty, ``hybrid" approach is proposed. In this approach, qubits are used as inputs for CV QIP. It is possible because qubits can be regarded as a special case of CVs. So, we can circumvent the infinite dimensionality problem of CV QIP by using qubits as the inputs. The basic example is qubit teleportation with a CV teleporter, where the qubit is a so-called ``dual-rail'' qubit with a single photon; c0|1,0 >+ c1|0,1 >. We recently succeeded in creating time-bin qubits with single photons, and now we are working on the teleportation experiment with the technology developed for teleportation of highly nonclassical wave packets of light.

Furusawa, Akira

2013-03-01

125

Information Technology and Indigenous People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Technology and Indigenous People provides theoretical and empirical information related to the planning and execution of IT projects aimed at serving indigenous people. It explores many cultural concerns with IT implementation, including language issues and questions of cultural appropriateness, and brings together cutting-edge…

Dyson, Laurel, Ed.; Hendriks, Max, Ed.; Grant, Stephen, Ed.

2007-01-01

126

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

127

Information Loss from Technological Progress  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress in electronics and optics offers faster computers, and rapid communication via the internet that is matched by ever larger and evolving storage systems. Instinctively one assumes that this must be totally beneficial. However advances in software and storage media are progressing in ways which are frequently incompatible with earlier systems and the economics and commercial pressures rarely guarantee total compatibility with earlier systems. Instead, the industries actively choose to force the users to purchase new systems and software. Thus we are moving forward with new technological variants that may have access to only the most recent systems and we will have lost earlier alternatives. The reality is that increased processing speed and storage capacity are matched by an equally rapid decline in the access and survival lifetime of older information. This pattern is not limited to modern electronic systems but is evident throughout history from writing on stone and clay tablets to papyrus and paper. It is equally evident in image systems from painting, through film, to magnetic tapes and digital cameras. In sound recording we have variously progressed from wax discs to vinyl, magnetic tape and CD formats. In each case the need for better definition and greater capacity has forced the earlier systems into oblivion. Indeed proposed interactive music systems could similarly relegate music CDs to specialist collections. The article will track some of the examples and discuss the consequences as well as noting that this information loss is further compounded by developments in language and changes in cultural views of different societies.

Townsend, P. D.

2014-12-01

128

WeInformation Sciences and Technology  

E-print Network

WeInformation Sciences and Technology College of Information Sciences and Technology #12;Office of Undergraduate Recruiting College of Information Sciences and Technology The Pennsylvania State University 104 Information Sciences and Technology Building University Park, PA 16802-6822 For more information: ist

129

Forensic Science and Information Technology at NIST  

E-print Network

Forensic Science and Information Technology at NIST Martin Herman Information Technology Laboratory, mathematics, and statistics. · Cloud Computing · Complex Systems · Forensic Science · Health Information in Forensic Science Advance measurements and standards infrastructure for forensics through information

Perkins, Richard A.

130

Evaluating Outsourcing Information Technology and Assurance Expertise by Small Non-Profit Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Small non-profit organizations outsource at least one information technology or information assurance process. Outsourcing information technology and information assurance processes has increased every year. The study was to determine the key reasons behind the choice to outsource information technology and information assurance processes. Using…

Guinn, Fillmore

2013-01-01

131

Hybrid information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum algorithms and computational models primarily focus on processing quantum states via qubit manipulations and measurements. While this allows for hardware independent algorithm development, it does not necessarily reflect the full capabilities of even imperfect physical implementations - which typically have access to additional degrees of freedom not routinely considered in quantum algorithm development. In analogy with electrical mixed-signal (analog and digital) processing, here we investigate the prospects of incorporating the strengths of the native physical platform into the quantum information processor. Although the treatment here will be limited to optical systems the general approach should apply to other physical systems as well.

Jacobs, Bryan C.

2010-08-01

132

Process Engineering Technology Center Initiative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is developing as a world-class Spaceport Technology Center (STC). From a process engineering (PE) perspective, the facilities used for flight hardware processing at KSC are NASA's premier factories. The products of these factories are safe, successful shuttle and expendable vehicle launches carrying state-of-the-art payloads. PE is devoted to process design, process management, and process improvement, rather than product design. PE also emphasizes the relationships of workers with systems and processes. Thus, it is difficult to speak of having a laboratory for PE at KSC because the entire facility is practically a laboratory when observed from a macro level perspective. However, it becomes necessary, at times, to show and display how KSC has benefited from PE and how KSC has contributed to the development of PE; hence, it has been proposed that a Process Engineering Technology Center (PETC) be developed to offer a place with a centralized focus on PE projects, and a place where KSC's PE capabilities can be showcased, and a venue where new Process Engineering technologies can be investigated and tested. Graphics for showcasing PE capabilities have been designed, and two initial test beds for PE technology research have been identified. Specifically, one test bed will look into the use of wearable computers with head mounted displays to deliver work instructions; the other test bed will look into developing simulation models that can be assembled into one to create a hierarchical model.

Centeno, Martha A.

2001-01-01

133

School Leadership and Information Communication Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration.…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Samah, Bahaman Abu; Fooi, Foo Say

2008-01-01

134

Using information technology to enhance engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews three learning models and information technologies that can be used to support the effective application of these learning models in engineering higher education. The effectiveness of an information technology is analyzed through the appropriateness of the technology in supporting a particular learning model. The mapping of information technologies to learning models identifies technologies in which engineering schools

Heng Li

1996-01-01

135

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLIED TO ENGINEERING GEOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This keynote paper describes the application of Information Technology to various aspects of Engineering Geology, from data requirements, data handling and processing to numerical and GIS modelling and visualization. It is illustrated with a number of practical examples developed in The Netherlands. RESUME: Cet article décrit l'application de technologie de l'information à des aspects d'ingénierie géologique, depuis la demande des

Niek Rengers; Robert Hack; Marco Huisman; Siefko Slob; Wolter Zigterman

2002-01-01

136

Information persistence using XML database technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) Information Management (IM) services provide information exchange and persistence capabilities that support tailored, dynamic, and timely access to required information, enabling near real-time planning, control, and execution for DoD decision making. JBI IM services will be built on a substrate of network centric core enterprise services and when transitioned, will establish an interoperable information space that aggregates, integrates, fuses, and intelligently disseminates relevant information to support effective warfighter business processes. This virtual information space provides individual users with information tailored to their specific functional responsibilities and provides a highly tailored repository of, or access to, information that is designed to support a specific Community of Interest (COI), geographic area or mission. Critical to effective operation of JBI IM services is the implementation of repositories, where data, represented as information, is represented and persisted for quick and easy retrieval. This paper will address information representation, persistence and retrieval using existing database technologies to manage structured data in Extensible Markup Language (XML) format as well as unstructured data in an IM services-oriented environment. Three basic categories of database technologies will be compared and contrasted: Relational, XML-Enabled, and Native XML. These technologies have diverse properties such as maturity, performance, query language specifications, indexing, and retrieval methods. We will describe our application of these evolving technologies within the context of a JBI Reference Implementation (RI) by providing some hopefully insightful anecdotes and lessons learned along the way. This paper will also outline future directions, promising technologies and emerging COTS products that can offer more powerful information management representations, better persistence mechanisms and improved retrieval techniques.

Clark, Thomas A.; Lipa, Brian E. G.; Macera, Anthony R.; Staskevich, Gennady R.

2005-05-01

137

Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) is a computer systems philosophy, a set of validated hardware building blocks, and a set of validated services as embodied in system software. The goal of AIPS is to provide the knowledgebase which will allow achievement of validated fault-tolerant distributed computer system architectures, suitable for a broad range of applications, having failure probability requirements of 10E-9 at 10 hours. A background and description is given followed by program accomplishments, the current focus, applications, technology transfer, FY92 accomplishments, and funding.

Pitts, Felix L.

1993-01-01

138

Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS) is a Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) for the Mathematical Sciences in Canada. The organization's work focuses on "the imperatives of research, education and technology transfer" applied to "the fastest growing sectors of the nation's economy." Currently, its work involves developing mathematical solutions in the areas of Biomedical & Health, Environment & Natural Resources, Information Processing, Risk & Finance, and Communication, Networks & Security. The website describes each of these Scientific Programmes and provides a link to the project website, where the publications resulting from its work are posted. The website is also available in French.

139

The Information Technology Model Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last twenty years has seen the development of demand for a new type of computing professional, which has resulted in the emergence of the academic discipline of Information Technology (IT). Numerous colleges and universities across the country and abroad have responded by developing programs without the advantage of an existing model for…

Ekstrom, Joseph J.; Gorka, Sandra; Kamali, Reza; Lawson, Eydie; Lunt, Barry; Miller, Jacob; Reichgelt, Han

2006-01-01

140

Information technology for patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundResearch on patient care has identified substantial variations in the quality and safety of healthcare and the considerable risks of iatrogenic harm as significant issues. These failings contribute to the high rates of potentially avoidable morbidity and mortality and to the rising levels of healthcare expenditure seen in many health systems. There have been substantial developments in information technology in

Christopher Huckvale; Josip Car; Masanori Akiyama; Safurah Jaafar; Tawfik Khoja; Ammar Bin Khalid; Aziz Sheikh; Azeem Majeed

2010-01-01

141

Information Society Technologies in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing demand for more efficient and effective health- care services, coupled with an implicit requirement for supporting citi- zen mobility and continuity of care, is currently setting the stage for the exploitation of Information and Telecommunications Technologies in the health sector. The current vision comprises affordable wireless access to healthcare resources and services for all citizens, thus making medical

Dimitrios G. Katehakis; Manolis Tsiknakis; Stelios C. Orphanoudakis

2000-01-01

142

Information Technology Impacts And Constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preparation for a sustainable society must heed the issues of mankind‘s social, intellectual, and spiritual needs in addition to its physical and economic well-being. As the developed world heads into the information age, the shapers of computer and communication technology must take these broader needs into account. Current examples provide some lessons worth noting. The issues of free speech, privacy,

Anthony D. Robbi

1991-01-01

143

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY SERVICES: HOW TO  

E-print Network

June 2004 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY SERVICES: HOW TO SELECT, IMPLEMENT, AND MANAGE Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute the security of their information tech nology (IT) systems. Whether they get this assistance from internal

144

Hurdle technology in fruit processing.  

PubMed

Conventional preservation technologies such as thermal processing ensure the safety and shelf life of fruit-derived products but can result in the loss of physicochemical and nutritional quality attributes. This review examines innovative hurdle techniques to obtain novel fruit products with fresh-like characteristics. The multifactorial processes were based on emerging preservation factors in combination or combining emerging factors with traditional ones. Selected practical examples of fruit processing using UV light, pulsed light (PL), ultrasound (US), and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) are presented. Some issues of key importance for the design of combination processes are also addressed. PMID:22129391

Gómez, Paula Luisina; Welti-Chanes, Jorge; Alzamora, Stella Maris

2011-01-01

145

Information Technology Online: A Knowledge Framework for Curriculum Externalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with increasing competition for students and funds, Australian universities hope that innovative technologies will provide the capability to offer flexible learning pathways that meet the needs of current and future students. However, the application of such technologies to develop an IT (information technology) degree for online external delivery is a difficult and complex process with both technological and human

Andrew Finegan; Jodi Tutty; Barbara White

146

New Technology and Manufacturing Processes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New Technology and Manufacturing Processes is part of the Pittsburgh Supercomputer Center's (PSC's) annual report for 2002. It is comprised of fifteen articles that describe research and innovations at PSC during the year, including areas of Manufacturing Process Design, Semiconductor Design and Production, Design of New Materials, and Aerospace Engineering and Design. The articles are contributed from many different sources and institutions, but they all worked with PSC to take advantage of its powerful terascale computer system for advanced simulation and analysis.

147

Process Engineering Technology Center Initiative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is developing as a world-class Spaceport Technology Center (STC). From a process engineering (PE) perspective, the facilities used for flight hardware processing at KSC are NASA's premier factories. The products of these factories are safe, successful shuttle and expendable vehicle launches carrying state-of-the-art payloads. PE is devoted to process design, process management, and process improvement, rather than product design. PE also emphasizes the relationships of workers with systems and processes. Thus, it is difficult to speak of having a laboratory for PE at K.S.C. because the entire facility is practically a laboratory when observed from a macro level perspective. However, it becomes necessary, at times, to show and display how K.S.C. has benefited from PE and how K.S.C. has contributed to the development of PE; hence, it has been proposed that a Process Engineering Technology Center (PETC) be developed to offer a place with a centralized focus on PE projects, and a place where K.S.C.'s PE capabilities can be showcased, and a venue where new Process Engineering technologies can be investigated and tested. Graphics for showcasing PE capabilities have been designed, and two initial test beds for PE technology research have been identified. Specifically, one test bed will look into the use of wearable computers with head mounted displays to deliver work instructions; the other test bed will look into developing simulation models that can be assembled into one to create a hierarchical model.

Centeno, Martha A.

2002-01-01

148

Distillation process using microchannel technology  

SciTech Connect

The disclosed invention relates to a distillation process for separating two or more components having different volatilities from a liquid mixture containing the components. The process employs microchannel technology for effecting the distillation and is particularly suitable for conducting difficult separations, such as the separation of ethane from ethylene, wherein the individual components are characterized by having volatilities that are very close to one another.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Dublin, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Carbondale, IL); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Yuschak, Thomas (Dublin, OH); Hickey, Thomas P. (Dublin, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Smith, Amanda (Galloway, OH); Litt, Robert Dwayne (Westerville, OH); Neagle, Paul (Westerville, OH)

2009-11-03

149

Process Engineering Technology Center Initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is developing as a world-class Spaceport Technology Center (STC). From a process engineering (PE) perspective, the facilities used for flight hardware processing at KSC are NASA's premier factories. The products of these factories are safe, successful shuttle and expendable vehicle launches carrying state-of-the-art payloads. PE is devoted to process design, process management, and process improvement, rather than product design. PE also emphasizes the relationships of workers with systems and processes. Thus, it is difficult to speak of having a laboratory for PE at K.S.C. because the entire facility is practically a laboratory when observed from a macro level perspective. However, it becomes necessary, at times, to show and display how K.S.C. has benefited from PE and how K.S.C. has contributed to the development of PE; hence, it has been proposed that a Process Engineering Technology Center (PETC) be developed to offer a place with a centralized focus on PE projects, and a place where K.S.C.'s PE capabilities can be showcased, and a venue where new Process Engineering technologies can be investigated and tested. Graphics for showcasing PE capabilities have been designed, and two initial test beds for PE technology research have been identified. Specifically, one test bed will look into the use of wearable computers with head mounted displays to deliver work instructions; the other test bed will look into developing simulation models that can be assembled into one to create a hierarchical model.

Centeno, Martha A.

2002-06-01

150

Nonthermal processing technologies for food  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Looking forward into the future of food science/technology/engineering, in the emerging area of nonthermal processing of foods, is definitely an adventure. It is open-ended and full of uncertainties. Lessons learned from the past should always serve as a good basis for envisioning the future of this...

151

Information Technology: Computer Systems Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, learn what drove Choice Jenningsâ??someone who had never owned a computer of his ownâ??to become interested in computer graphics, attend community college, earn an associate's degree in computer systems engineering (CSE), and start his own information technology (IT) business. Also see the many roles a CSE professional can play, from systems administrator to IT director.The video runs 2:45 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

152

Revolutionary Effects of New Information Technologies &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

In markets with imperfect information and heterogeneity, the information technology affects the rate at which agents meet, which affects the distribution of production technologies across firms. Multiple equilibria may arise because the reservation utility and the lowest production technology in use affect each other. The adoption of novel information technologies may then entail a revolution in the sense of a

Gerard J. van den Berg

2006-01-01

153

Nuclear Technology: Making Informed Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a unit on nuclear technology which is taught in a physics class. Explains the unit design, implementation process, demonstrations used, and topics of discussion that include light and optics, naturally and artificially produced sources of radioactivity, nuclear equations, isotopes and half-lives, and power-generating nuclear reactors.…

Altshuler, Kenneth

1989-01-01

154

Supply Chain and Information Sciences Technology 2010  

E-print Network

Supply Chain and Information Sciences Technology 2010 Supply Chain and Information Systems Technology Minor SCIST Minor Application Department of Supply Chain & Information Systems College of Information Sciences and Technology Overview The minor in SCIST is structured to provide students not majoring

Guiltinan, Mark

155

Technology Requirements for Information Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report provides the results of a panel study conducted into the technology requirements for information management in support of application domains of particular government interest, including digital libraries, mission operations, and scientific research. The panel concluded that it was desirable to have a coordinated program of R&D that pursues a science of information management focused on an environment typified by applications of government interest - highly distributed with very large amounts of data and a high degree of heterogeneity of sources, data, and users.

Graves, Sara; Knoblock, Craig A.; Lannom, Larry

2002-01-01

156

Information technology and global change science  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this paper is to identify and briefly describe major existing and near term information technologies that cold have a positive impact on the topics being discussed at this conference by helping to manage the data of global change science and helping global change scientists conduct their research. Desktop computer systems have changed dramatically during the past seven years. Faster data processing can be expected in the future through full development of traditional serial computer architectures. Some other proven information technologies may be currently underutilized by global change scientists. Relational database management systems and good organization of data through the use of thoughtful database design would enable the scientific community to better share and maintain quality research data. Custodians of the data should use rigorous data administration to ensure integrity and long term value of the data resource. Still other emerging information technologies that involve the use of artificial intelligence, parallel computer architectures, and new sensors for data collection will be in relatively common use in the near term and should become part of the global science community's technical toolkit. Consideration should also be given to the establishment of Information Analysis Centers to facilitate effective organization and management of interdisciplinary data and the prototype testing and use of advanced information technology to facilitate rapid and cost-effective integration of these tools into global change science. 8 refs.

Baxter, F.P.

1990-01-01

157

Technology development life cycle processes.  

SciTech Connect

This report and set of appendices are a collection of memoranda originally drafted in 2009 for the purpose of providing motivation and the necessary background material to support the definition and integration of engineering and management processes related to technology development. At the time there was interest and support to move from Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) Level One (ad hoc processes) to Level Three. As presented herein, the material begins with a survey of open literature perspectives on technology development life cycles, including published data on %E2%80%9Cwhat went wrong.%E2%80%9D The main thrust of the material presents a rational expose%CC%81 of a structured technology development life cycle that uses the scientific method as a framework, with further rigor added from adapting relevant portions of the systems engineering process. The material concludes with a discussion on the use of multiple measures to assess technology maturity, including consideration of the viewpoint of potential users.

Beck, David Franklin

2013-05-01

158

Managing information technology security risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information Technology (IT) Security Risk Management is a critical task for the organization to protect against the loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability of IT resources. As systems bgecome more complex and diverse and and attacks from intrusions and malicious content increase, it is becoming increasingly difficult to manage IT security risk. This paper describes a two-pronged approach in addressing IT security risk and risk management in the organization: 1) an institutional enterprise appraoch, and 2) a project life cycle approach.

Gilliam, David

2003-01-01

159

Why informal information technology management models do not work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty years ago, very few universities had information technology departments. The university personnel who worked with computer technology usually had backgrounds in mathematics or engineering. Technology management was an alien concept. This worked fine for that era because there was very little technology to manage and therefore, very few Information Technology personnel to manage. As the discipline matured, the need

James Lackey; Steve Brown

2002-01-01

160

Technology Strategic Plan 2013 2016 Office of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Technology Strategic Plan 2013 ­ 2016 Office of Information Technology June 2013 #12;2 T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S: - Introduction - - Executive Summary - - Terminology - - A Vision for Technology at the City College of New York - - The Mission of the Office for Technology (OIT) - - Technology Guiding

Brinkmann, Peter

161

Information-computational system for storage, search and analytical processing of environmental datasets based on the Semantic Web technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report the results of the work devoted to the development of working model of the software system for storage, semantically-enabled search and retrieval along with processing and visualization of environmental datasets containing results of meteorological and air pollution observations and mathematical climate modeling are presented. Specially designed metadata standard for machine-readable description of datasets related to meteorology, climate

A. Titov; E. Gordov; I. Okladnikov

2009-01-01

162

OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY COMPUTER SECURITY POLICY  

E-print Network

OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY COMPUTER SECURITY POLICY RESPONsmLE ADMINISTRATOR: RESPONsm Manual, Chapter 14: Data and Information Security, Section 4, Information Security Plans ­ Physical%20-%20DATA%20AND%20INFORMATION%20SECURITY.pdf. CONTACTS Refer to the Office of Information Technology

Hemmers, Oliver

163

Integrating Information & Communications Technologies into the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Integrating Information & Communications Technologies Into the Classroom" examines topics critical to business, computer science, and information technology education, such as: school improvement and reform, standards-based technology education programs, data-driven decision making, and strategic technology education planning. This book also…

Tomei, Lawrence, Ed.

2007-01-01

164

Information Technology Security for Small Business  

E-print Network

Information Technology Security for Small Business (video script) Descriptive Text for the Visually symbolic of information technology security and cyber crime. Narration: "No matter how well you protect, "Information Technology Security for Small Business" and "It's not just good business. It's essential business

Magee, Joseph W.

165

Information Technology Services (ITS) Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services (ITS) Strategic Plan Release Date August 2010 Empowering the University This is a document intended to guide strategy and operations for information technology at Dalhousie University. It will provide a framework for ITS and information technology deployed and used

Brownstone, Rob

166

UNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR  

E-print Network

computer management system. Refer to the Office of Information Technology's Policies and Procedures web~OST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY COMPUTER MANAGEMENT POLICY ApPROVED BY: j1/1q/;~ ~I Date REVISION DATE: NA STATEMENTUNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR: RESPONSIBLE OFFICE(S): ORIGINALLY

Hemmers, Oliver

167

Reassembling the Information Technology Innovation Process: An Actor Network Theory Method for Managing the Initiation, Production, and Diffusion of Innovations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper will propose and explore a method to enhance focal actors' abilities to enroll and control the many social and technical components interacting during the initiation, production, and diffusion of innovations. The reassembling and stabilizing of such components is the challenging goal of the focal actors involved in these processes. To address this possibility, a healthcare project involving the initiation, production, and diffusion of an IT-based innovation will be influenced by the researcher, using concepts from actor network theory (ANT), within an action research methodology (ARM). The experiences using this method, and the nature of enrolment and translation during its use, will highlight if and how ANT can provide a problem-solving method to help assemble the social and technical actants involved in the diffusion of an innovation. Finally, the paper will discuss the challenges and benefits of implementing such methods to attain widespread diffusion.

Zendejas, Gerardo; Chiasson, Mike

168

Information Technology Outside Health Care  

PubMed Central

Non-health-care uses of information technology (IT) provide important lessons for health care informatics that are often overlooked because of the focus on the ways in which health care is different from other domains. Eight examples of IT use outside health care provide a context in which to examine the content and potential relevance of these lessons. Drawn from personal experience, five books, and two interviews, the examples deal with the role of leadership, academia, the private sector, the government, and individuals working in large organizations. The interviews focus on the need to manage technologic change. The lessons shed light on how to manage complexity, create and deploy standards, empower individuals, and overcome the occasional “wrongness” of conventional wisdom. One conclusion is that any health care informatics self-examination should be outward-looking and focus on the role of health care IT in the larger context of the evolving uses of IT in all domains. PMID:10495095

Tuttle, Mark S.

1999-01-01

169

Information & Records Management Process Manual  

E-print Network

Information & Records Management Process Manual 2013Information and Records Management #12;Contents. Introduction #12;2 Information & Records Management Process Manual This brochure is an overview of IRM 1. Introduction 1 2. Transfer or disposal of hard-copy records 4 3. Management of electronic records

Hickman, Mark

170

Information Technology Implementation Research: A Technological Diffusion Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the innovation and technological diffusion literatures, promising research questions concerning the implementation of a production and inventory control information system (material requirements planning: MRP) are identified and empirically examined. These questions focus on the interaction of managerial tasks with the information technology and the resulting effect on the adoption and infusion of that technology. Using a random sample

Randolph B. Cooper; Robert W. Zmud

1990-01-01

171

Information Communication Technology Planning in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores major issues related to Information Communication Technology (ICT) in education and technology planning. Using the diffusion of innovation theory, the authors examine technology planning opportunities and challenges in Developing countries (DCs), technology planning trends in schools, and existing technology planning models…

Malapile, Sandy; Keengwe, Jared

2014-01-01

172

Gas separation processes: Technology/business review  

SciTech Connect

A major problem in the commercialization of new membrane technology is that business executives and entrepreneurs in decision-making positions lack a practical understanding of how a membrane functions. Without this practical understanding, evaluating the risks and the amount and kind of work needed for the development effort is difficult. This paper begins bridging that information gap by discussing some of the models that can be used to provide a better understanding of the risks and some of the outstanding opportunities associated with membrane technology. An example of extensive research in membrane technology is the 40-year effort that has gone into the development and improvement of the barrier used in gaseous diffusion cascades to enrich uranium hexafluoride in the /sup 235/U isotope. Most of the research applies to that specific separation process and is still classified. However, that body of work does provide insight into the physical and chemical mechanisms for gas separation processes. It has also provided insight into what kind of information is needed and what kind of data acquisition can provide that information. This paper discusses some of the insights acquired on how separation can occur and what data are lacking and the types of resources required to obtain them. 9 figs., 1 tab.

Fain, D.E.

1988-10-01

173

Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

Newman, Peter

2010-01-01

174

THE STRATEGIC ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EXECUTIVES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The strategic role of Information Technology (IT) executives is changing from one of technical experts, to one in which these individuals are required to play a significant role in the strategic planning process within the organization. The new global economy and the added importance that information technology has begun to play in organizations to achieve competitive advantage have contributed to

Pauline Chin

175

Technology Transfer and the Product Development Process  

SciTech Connect

It is my pleasure this morning to address a topic that is much talked about in passing but rarely examined from a first person point of view. That topic is Technology Transfer. Over the next 30 minutes I'd like to approach Technology Transfer within the context of the Product Development Process looking at it from the perspectives of the federal government researcher and the industry manufacturer/user. Fist let us recognize that we are living in an ''Information Age'', where global economic and military competition is determined as much by technology as it is by natural resource assets. It is estimated that technical/scientific information is presently growing at a rate of l3 percent per year; this is expected to increase to 30 percent per year by the turn of the century. In fact, something like 90 percent of all scientific knowledge has been generated in the last 30 years; this pool will double again in the next 10-15 years (Exhibit 1). Of all the scientists and engineers throughout history, 90% live and work in the present time. Successfully managing this technical information/knowledge--i.e., transforming the results of R&D to practical applications--will be an important measure of national strength. A little over a dozen years ago, the United States with only 5 percent of the world's population was generating approximately 75 percent of the world's technology. The US. share is now 50 percent and may decline to 30 percent by the turn of the century. This decline won't be because of downturn in U.S. technological advances but because the other 95 percent of the world's population will be increasing its contribution. Economic and military strength then, will be determined by how quickly and successfully companies, industries, and nations can apply new technological information to practical applications--i.e., how they manage technology transfer within the context of the product development process. Much discussion and pronouncements are ongoing in public forums today over the apparent decline in global competitiveness of U.S. industry. The question is why does U.S. industry not succeed in the development and marketing of competitive products when they lead in the generation of new technology.

Mock, John E.

1989-03-21

176

North Carolina Community College System Information Resources and Technology Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The North Carolina Community College System engaged in a strategic planning process in 1998 that was the basis for the information resources and technology plans for the entire System. A focus of the planning was technology, and a technology environmental scanning team developed a set of planning assumptions, which led to the creation of 15 goals…

North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

177

Oscillation-supported Information Processing  

E-print Network

intermittent sharp waves mark immobility, consummatory behaviors, and slow-wave sleep. These two competing- ing these hypotheses are described. Oscillations Provide the Structure for Information Processing

Diba, Kamran

178

Gordon's Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Blog  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the blog of Gordon F. Snyder of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, presenting perspectives on the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Industries and Education. Gordon blogs about topics ranging from personal interests, technology and politics, the birth and death of new technologies, and industry developments. In addition to the blog's archives, visitors can find Snyder's photo stream, links to other bloggers of interest, and more information about Gordon himself.

Snyder, Gordon F.

179

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2013-07-01

180

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2012-07-01

181

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2014-07-01

182

Advanced Process Technology: Combi Materials Science and Atmospheric Processing (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts -- High-Throughput Combi Material Science and Atmospheric Processing that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01

183

The Language of Information Technology: Accessibility in the Information Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The language of information technology is discussed, with a focus on accessibility in the information society. The metaphors of information technology as an "information superhighway" or "infobahn" are analyzed; limitations of the "road system" and developments of Internet systems are considered. The concept of connectivity of the rhizome in "A…

Warmkessel, Marjorie M.

184

Essays on information, technology and information worker productivity  

E-print Network

I examine how information technology (IT) skills and use, communication network structures, and the distribution and flow of information in organizations impact individual information worker productivity. The work is divided ...

Aral, Sinan

2007-01-01

185

Evaluation Criteria for Solid Waste Processing Research and Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary list of criteria is proposed for evaluation of solid waste processing technologies for research and technology development (R&TD) in the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. Completion of the proposed list by current and prospective ALS technology developers, with regard to specific missions of interest, may enable identification of appropriate technologies (or lack thereof) and guide future development efforts for the ALS Program solid waste processing area. An attempt is made to include criteria that capture information about the technology of interest as well as its system-wide impacts. Some of the criteria in the list are mission-independent, while the majority are mission-specific. In order for technology developers to respond to mission-specific criteria, critical information must be available on the quantity, composition and state of the waste stream, the wast processing requirements, as well as top-level mission scenario information (e.g. safety, resource recovery, planetary protection issues, and ESM equivalencies). The technology readiness level (TRL) determines the degree to which a technology developer is able to accurately report on the list of criteria. Thus, a criteria-specific minimum TRL for mandatory reporting has been identified for each criterion in the list. Although this list has been developed to define criteria that are needed to direct funding of solid waste processing technologies, this list processes significant overlap in criteria required for technology selection for inclusion in specific tests or missions. Additionally, this approach to technology evaluation may be adapted to other ALS subsystems.

Levri, Julie A.; Hogan, J. A.; Alazraki, M. P.

2001-01-01

186

Evaluation and Assessment in Educational Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the following articles on evaluating and assessing educational information technology: (1) "Assessing Learning in the New Age of Information Technology in Education" (Leping Liu, D. LaMont Johnson, Cleborne D. Maddux, and Norma J. Henderson); (2) "Instruments for Assessing the Impact of Technology in Education" (Rhonda…

Liu, Leping, Ed.; Johnson, D. LaMont, Ed.; Maddux, Cleborne D., Ed.; Henderson, Norma J., Ed.

187

A Study of Information Technology Job Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compounding the shortage problem for more information technology (IT) workers is the continuous change in cutting edge information technology. Directly affected by these technological changes are the types of skills demanded of IT professionals. The primary purpose of this study is to identify the types of skills demanded of IT professionals. The results of this research indicated that the types

Lai C. Liu; Kai S. Koong; Les Rydl

188

Readiness levels for spacecraft information technologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented in this paper is a modified interpretation of the traditional TRLs aimed solely at information technology. The intent of this new set of definitions is twofold: First, to enable a definitive measurement of progress among developing information technologies for spacecraft; and second, to clarify particular challenges and requirements that must be met as these technologies are validated in increasingly realistic environments.

Mackey, R.; Some, R.; Aljabri, A.

2003-01-01

189

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2012-10-01

190

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2013-10-01

191

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2010-10-01

192

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2011-10-01

193

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...Health and Human Services HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2014-10-01

194

Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cells (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cell that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01

195

TECHNOLOGICAL OVERVIEW REPORTS FOR EIGHT SHALE OIL RECOVERY PROCESSES  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the document is to supply background information for evaluation of environmental impacts and pollution control technologies in connection with oil shale development. Six surface retorting processes selected for characterization were: (1) Union Oil Retort B, (2) Par...

196

Robonaut's Flexible Information Technology Infrastructure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Robonaut, NASA's humanoid robot, is designed to work as both an astronaut assistant and, in certain situations, an astronaut surrogate. This highly dexterous robot performs complex tasks under telepresence control that could previously only be carried out directly by humans. Currently with 47 degrees of freedom (DOF), Robonaut is a state-of-the-art human size telemanipulator system. while many of Robonaut's embedded components have been custom designed to meet packaging or environmental requirements, the primary computing systems used in Robonaut are currently commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) products which have some correlation to flight qualified computer systems. This loose coupling of information technology (IT) resources allows Robonaut to exploit cost effective solutions while floating the technology base to take advantage of the rapid pace of IT advances. These IT systems utilize a software development environment, which is both compatible with COTS hardware as well as flight proven computing systems, preserving the majority of software development for a flight system. The ability to use highly integrated and flexible COTS software development tools improves productivity while minimizing redesign for a space flight system. Further, the flexibility of Robonaut's software and communication architecture has allowed it to become a widely used distributed development testbed for integrating new capabilities and furthering experimental research.

Askew, Scott; Bluethmann, William; Alder, Ken; Ambrose, Robert

2003-01-01

197

FIPS PUB 201-2 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS PUBLICATION  

E-print Network

FIPS PUB 201-2 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS PUBLICATION Personal Identity Verification (PIV) of Federal Employees and Contractors DRAFT Computer Security Division Information Technology;PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION (PIV) OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES AND CONTRACTORS DRAFT ii Acknowledgements NIST

198

Commercial Parts Technology Qualification Processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many high-reliability systems, including space systems, use selected commercial parts (including Plastic Encapsulated Microelectronics or PEMs) for unique functionality, small size, low weight, high mechanical shock resistance, and other factors. Predominantly this usage is subjected to certain 100% tests (typically called screens) and certain destructive tests usually (but not always) performed on the flight lot (typically called qualification tests). Frequently used approaches include those documented in EEE-INST-002 and JPL DocID62212 (which are sometimes modified by the particular aerospace space systems manufacturer). In this study, approaches from these documents and several space systems manufacturers are compared to approaches from a launch systems manufacturer (SpaceX), an implantable medical electronics manufacturer (Medtronics), and a high-reliability transport system process (automotive systems). In the conclusions section, these processes are outlined for all of these cases and presented in tabular form. Then some simple comparisons are made. In this introduction section, the PEM technology qualification process is described, as documented in EEE-INST-002 (written by the Goddard Space Flight Center, GSFC), as well as the somewhat modified approach employed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Approaches used at several major NASA contractors are also described

Cooper, Mark S.

2013-01-01

199

University of Connecticut Information Technology Security  

E-print Network

University of Connecticut Information Technology Security Incident Response Plan #12;- i - Revision requirements for the protection of that information on the University. The University has had security of the University. The Information Technology Security Office has created this Incident Response Plan to assist

Alpay, S. Pamir

200

Information Technologies for the 1980's: Lasers and Microprocessors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of the development and application of lasers and microprocessors to information processing stresses laser communication in relation to capacity, reliability, and cost and the advantages of this technology to real-time information access and information storage. The increased capabilities of microprocessors are reviewed, and a…

Mathews, William D.

201

French Development Cooperation: A Scientific and Technological Information Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project to provide developing countries with access to scientific and technological information produced in connection with French bilateral development cooperation programs. Making an inventory of the available material, the users of the information, processing the information, and the development of a documentation policy are…

Aubrac, Raymond

1981-01-01

202

Emerging Information and Communication Technologies and the Discipline of Project Information Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Management for architecture, engineering, and construction projects could include a well-defined sub-discipline of\\u000a project information management.  Not only might this improve project performance, particularly when new information and communication\\u000a technologies are used, but it could also improve the technology transfer process—increasing the potential of new information\\u000a and communication technologies being adopted into industry practice.  An overall framework for project

Thomas Froese

2006-01-01

203

NUMBER: IT 1.00 SECTION: Information Technology  

E-print Network

NUMBER: IT 1.00 SECTION: Information Technology SUBJECT: Information Technology Procurement DATE by: William F. Hogue Issued by: Office of Information Technology __________________________________________________________________________ Background: This Information Technology (IT) policy is designed to support the Academic, Research

Almor, Amit

204

Visual Information Processing for Television and Telerobotics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This publication is a compilation of the papers presented at the NASA conference on Visual Information Processing for Television and Telerobotics. The conference was held at the Williamsburg Hilton, Williamsburg, Virginia on May 10 to 12, 1989. The conference was sponsored jointly by NASA Offices of Aeronautics and Space Technology (OAST) and Space Science and Applications (OSSA) and the NASA Langley Research Center. The presentations were grouped into three sessions: Image Gathering, Coding, and Advanced Concepts; Systems; and Technologies. The program was organized to provide a forum in which researchers from industry, universities, and government could be brought together to discuss the state of knowledge in image gathering, coding, and processing methods.

Huck, Friedrich O. (editor); Park, Stephen K. (editor)

1989-01-01

205

Information processing, computation, and cognition  

PubMed Central

Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both – although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use ‘computation’ and ‘information processing’ to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and foremost, that they are the same thing. In this paper, we address this unsatisfactory state of affairs by presenting a general and theory-neutral account of computation and information processing. We also apply our framework by analyzing the relations between computation and information processing on one hand and classicism, connectionism, and computational neuroscience on the other. We defend the relevance to cognitive science of both computation, at least in a generic sense, and information processing, in three important senses of the term. Our account advances several foundational debates in cognitive science by untangling some of their conceptual knots in a theory-neutral way. By leveling the playing field, we pave the way for the future resolution of the debates’ empirical aspects. PMID:22210958

Scarantino, Andrea

2010-01-01

206

Information, optoelectronics, and information technologies (historic, philosophical, and logical aspects)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a civilization of the post-industrial society which is defined as 'informational civilization,' the heightened interest to new technological expedients of any interaction with the information is characteristic. Now concept 'information' is defined as an independent category. The organization, storage, transmission and displaying of information, in essence, is one of the ways of its self- organization for a civilization of such type. Therefore branches bound with generating and support of information highways, are in the center of attention those who tries to capture strategic favorable positions in world community. The reasons of the geopolitical and economic strategy in this case are direct, 'easy-to-see' mechanisms of creation of the structures in investigation activity and industry, 'Easy-to- see,' analyzable, even predictable -- but not defining. The modern science knows the physical laws of composite system's self-organization, and, as clear now, the unclosed nonequilibrium system, which one is a World Net, is subject to the laws of such system's self-organization. Nowadays the fractal nature of all Webs' infrastructures as super complex self-organizing transport-information system is established. Besides, in a row of its performances we observe an openness, coherence, nonlinearly, that together with other aspects allows to identify it as physical fractal structure living on the laws of self-organization. The interest to this phenomenon is quite clear. We have to know the laws of behavior of a Web because it is one of the sides of appearance of Noosphere, and we must adequately interact with it. There are numerous important problems, bound with a Web, and attempts to resolve them are the first task of human community, as nevertheless the human person creates the Web (or nature by hand of the person?) It's very interesting to analyze the previous history of occurrence of such phenomenon, as a Web, and to do the attempts of the prognoses on the future. For this purpose it is necessary to study the process of creating that what is possible to determine as information channels: signal lights (optical transmission mode of the information), radio waves, electrons in the semiconductor-devices, quantum in optic fibers, etc. The technological methods of every possible technical realization of information channels exhibit on this evolution course the obvious order. Since concept 'information' has been recognized as the self-maintained category, it has become clear, that it is necessary to be with it considered, as with requirements of an environment of a habitation. Now basic way of administration of any processes in community is the management of information streams.

Dzhaliashvili, Zurab O.; Suhorukova, Marina V.

2001-06-01

207

Buried waste integrated demonstration technology integration process  

SciTech Connect

A Technology integration Process was developed for the Idaho National Energy Laboratories (INEL) Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) Program to facilitate the transfer of technology and knowledge from industry, universities, and other Federal agencies into the BWID; to successfully transfer demonstrated technology and knowledge from the BWID to industry, universities, and other Federal agencies; and to share demonstrated technologies and knowledge between Integrated Demonstrations and other Department of Energy (DOE) spread throughout the DOE Complex. This document also details specific methods and tools for integrating and transferring technologies into or out of the BWID program. The document provides background on the BWID program and technology development needs, demonstrates the direction of technology transfer, illustrates current processes for this transfer, and lists points of contact for prospective participants in the BWID technology transfer efforts. The Technology Integration Process was prepared to ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE`s Office of Technology Development (OTD).

Ferguson, J.S.; Ferguson, J.E.

1992-04-01

208

Buried waste integrated demonstration technology integration process  

SciTech Connect

A Technology integration Process was developed for the Idaho National Energy Laboratories (INEL) Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) Program to facilitate the transfer of technology and knowledge from industry, universities, and other Federal agencies into the BWID; to successfully transfer demonstrated technology and knowledge from the BWID to industry, universities, and other Federal agencies; and to share demonstrated technologies and knowledge between Integrated Demonstrations and other Department of Energy (DOE) spread throughout the DOE Complex. This document also details specific methods and tools for integrating and transferring technologies into or out of the BWID program. The document provides background on the BWID program and technology development needs, demonstrates the direction of technology transfer, illustrates current processes for this transfer, and lists points of contact for prospective participants in the BWID technology transfer efforts. The Technology Integration Process was prepared to ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE's Office of Technology Development (OTD).

Ferguson, J.S.; Ferguson, J.E.

1992-04-01

209

Quantum Information Processing Theory 1 Running head: QUANTUM INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY  

E-print Network

Quantum Information Processing Theory 1 Running head: QUANTUM INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY Quantum of Learning. Springer. #12;Quantum Information Processing Theory 2 Quantum Information Processing Theory Synonyms Applied quantum probability theory Definition Quantum information processing theory

Busemeyer, Jerome R.

210

Food Process Engineering Food Safety and Technology  

E-print Network

Food Process Engineering Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology National Center for Food Safety and Technology IIT Moffett Campus 6502 S. Archer Road Summit-Argo, IL 60501 708 Ravishankar The National Center for Food Safety and Technology (NCFST), with IIT faculty, U.S. Food and Drug

Heller, Barbara

211

The Brave New World of Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dysfunctions associated with artificial workgroups require attention to the social context of work. Complex issues of safety and security related to information technology may necessitate a new classification of experts, information rangers, with policing and investigative authority. (SK)

Halachmi, Arie

1992-01-01

212

Philadelphia University Faculty of Information Technology  

E-print Network

in Information and Communication Technology ISIICT'2009 Amman - Jordan 2009 Invited Speaker Talk of correctness. One basic aspect is to extend the text with categorical information (term, noun, adjective

213

Information Technology Services Application for Student Employment  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services Application for Student Employment 209 Hayes Hall Personal NO YES NO Work Experience: Last Employer: Supervisor: Job Description: Employer Phone: Address: Until: PG: Email: Release of Information: Work Experience Continued: Supervisor: Job Description: Employer Phone

Moore, Paul A.

214

Cognition: Human Information Processing. Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes the key research issues and developments in cognitive science, especially with respect to the similarities, differences, and interrelationships between human and machine information processing. Nine references are listed. (JL)

Griffith, Belver C.

1981-01-01

215

Information and Communication Technologies in Social Work  

PubMed Central

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are electronic tools used to convey, manipulate and store information. The exponential growth of Internet access and ICTs greatly influenced social, political, and economic processes in the United States, and worldwide. Regardless of the level of practice, ICTs will continue influencing the careers of social workers and the clients they serve. ICTs have received some attention in the social work literature and curriculum, but we argue that this level of attention is not adequate given their ubiquity, growth and influence, specifically as it relates to upholding social work ethics. Significant attention is needed to help ensure social workers are responsive to the technological changes in the health care system, including the health care infrastructure and use of technology among clients. Social workers also need ICT competencies in order to effectively lead different types of social change initiatives or collaborate with professionals of other disciplines who are using ICTs as part of existing strategies. This paper also identifies potential pitfalls and challenges with respect to the adoption of ICTs, with recommendations for advancing their use in practice, education, and research. PMID:21691444

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry O.; Glass, Joseph E.; Margerum-Leys, Jon

2011-01-01

216

Information friction : information technology and military performance  

E-print Network

Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

Lindsay, Jon Randall

2011-01-01

217

Elevator Group Control System Based on Information Fusion Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

An elevator group control system based on information fusion is presented in this paper. The control system is consisting of data processing unit and elevator dispatching unit mainly. A fuzzy ANN based on data fusion technology is proposed in the data processing unit to process state signals, and the fusion result is used as the input of elevator dispatching unit.

Liting Cao; Jingwen Tian; Zhaoli Zhang

2008-01-01

218

Information, Technology, and Information Worker Productivity  

E-print Network

We econometrically evaluate information worker productivity at a midsize executive recruiting firm and assess whether the knowledge that workers accessed through their electronic communication networks enabled them to ...

Aral, Sinan

219

Missouri Introduction to Materials and Processing Technology. Instructor Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to support a high school specialization course in materials and processing technology. The document contains three sections: (1) information on using the material; (2) a set of instructor guides for eight instructional units; (3) 15 technological activity modules and teacher and student instructions for their use; and (4)…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

220

The Effects Of Information Technology Supported Education On Strategic Decision Making: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid developments on the Information technologies (IT) since 1980's have affected the society's all systems and make the technology an inevitable part of life. Because the technology pioneer the change and evolution for the societies, using the technology in the educational processes is also certainly important.In this Study, what are the effects of the information technology supported education on the

?kram Dastan; Mesut Çiçek; Abdullah Naralan

2011-01-01

221

Older Adults' Acceptance of Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated variables contributing to older adults' information technology acceptance through a survey, which was used to find factors explaining and predicting older adults' information technology acceptance behaviors. Four factors, including needs satisfaction, perceived usability, support availability, and public acceptance, were…

Wang, Lin; Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Salvendy, Gavriel

2011-01-01

222

Curriculum Development and New Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports of achievements in developments in new information technology in schools lament the, as yet, unfulfilled hopes that they will radically change education. Those involved in new information technology sometimes seem to imagine that the problems of change that they face are somehow unique and have not been faced by others who have set out to change the curriculum.[l

Robert McCormick

1992-01-01

223

Older Adults' Acceptance of Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated variables contributing to older adults’ information technology acceptance through a survey, which was used to find factors explaining and predicting older adults’ information technology acceptance behaviors. Four factors, including needs satisfaction, perceived usability, support availability, and public acceptance, were found using factor analysis. According to older adults’ self-reported scores, the factors of needs satisfaction and support availability

Lin Wang; Pei-Luen Patrick Rau; Gavriel Salvendy

2011-01-01

224

New Information Technologies: Possible Implications for Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents observations about developments in information technology that will influence the information industry and libraries of the future. Discusses search engine capabilities; push technology; electronic commerce; WebTV; and optical discs with links to Web sites. Ten figures provide illustrations and charts. (AEF)

de Stricker, Ulla

1998-01-01

225

Employment, Trends, and Training in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, students, workers, and jobseekers have received mixed signals about the job market for information technology. Periods of strong job growth have been punctuated by brief periods of employment declines. Optimism about information technology (commonly referred to as IT) as a career field has been tempered by concerns about job…

Wright, Benjamin

2009-01-01

226

76 FR 78009 - Information Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...regarding Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision. Public...techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Submit...

2011-12-15

227

Technological change and management information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe the key elements of technologically based change to be faced by corporate management information systems (MIS). They discuss the strategical issues related to corporate MIS management that are expected to arise over the next 10 to 20 years. The issues of technology adoption and particular technological events are covered

Miklos A. Vasarhelyi; David C. Yang

1988-01-01

228

Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Website  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology Program (CICT) was established in 2001 to ensure NASA's Continuing leadership in emerging technologies. It is a coordinated, Agency-wide effort to develop and deploy key enabling technologies for a broad range of mission-critical tasks. The NASA CICT program is designed to address Agency-specific computing, information, and communications technology requirements beyond the projected capabilities of commercially available solutions. The areas of technical focus have been chosen for their impact on NASA's missions, their national importance, and the technical challenge they provide to the Program. In order to meet its objectives, the CICT Program is organized into the following four technology focused projects: 1) Computing, Networking and Information Systems (CNIS); 2) Intelligent Systems (IS); 3) Space Communications (SC); 4) Information Technology Strategic Research (ITSR).

Hardman, John; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

229

The information-processing approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information-processing (IP) approach to perception and cognition arose as a reaction to behaviourism. This reaction mainly concerned the nature of explanation in scientific psychology. The “standard” account of behaviour, phrased in strictly external terms, was replaced by a “realist” account, phrased in terms of internal entities and processes. An analysis of the theoretical language used in IP psychology shows

A. H. C. van der Heijden; Sarah Stebbins

1990-01-01

230

Information Processing in Memory Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intensity of information processing engendered in different phases of standard memory tasks was examined in six experiments. Processing intensity was conceptualized as system capacity consumed, and was measured via a divided-attention procedure in which subjects performed a memory task and a simple reaction-time (RT) task concurrently. The…

Johnston, William A.

231

Information Technology Developments for Geodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some recent research at UNAVCO and the University of Colorado has been focused on Rocky Mountain tectonics, and Information Technology (IT) in the areas of data visualization and distributed data serving. At UNAVCO, we are participating in the geodynamics work in the Rocky Mountain Testbed of the GEON NSF funded (IT) Research project (www.geongrid.org). As part of this work, a variety of seismic tomography models, GPS velocity vector data, strain rate models and other data have been recompiled into a standard format. These data and models are being incorporated into our OPeNDAP server and the Integrated Data Viewer (IDV). OPeNDAP servers are platform independent, self-describing distributed data servers allowing easy access to a wide audience. The IDV is a freely distributed visualization and analysis tool developed by UCAR that has several exciting capabilities such as online collaboration, and a variety of 1-d, 2-d and 3-d viewing options. Necessary solid earth viewing capabilities (earthquakes, focal mechanisms, faults, etc.) are currently being added to the IDV. Both our OPeNDAP server and visualization tool are being integrated into the GEON portal, a website for data searching, analysis, and visualization. Designing and implementing such systems now allows us to be more prepared for the volumes of data anticipated from various EarthScope projects. As part of the scientific research for GEON, we have also begun investigations of Colorado seismicity. The 1992 Rocky Mountain Front IRIS/PASSCAL seismic experiment recorded many local earthquakes. We have begun to locate these events and are working to create focal mechanisms and calculations of stress drop for this region. These will aid in improving seismic hazard and risk assessments for the rapidly growing Rocky Mountain population. New IT capabilities will help augment the quality of this work through sharing the data with a larger audience, providing a means to view and analyze integrated data, and quickly providing a computationally intensive baseline by which results can be checked.

Bensen, G. D.; Meertens, C. M.; Sheehan, A. F.

2004-12-01

232

Data analysis and research on ZIGBEE wireless sensor network system based on complex event processing technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data processing technology is a key technology in ZIGBEE wireless sensor network system. Based on the current fact that ZIGBEE wireless sensor network is suffering from data excess and information shortage, this paper introduces the complex event processing technology, takes the angle from the nature of information and event processing, and researches on the data analysis method of ZIGBEE wireless

Zheng Jijie; Xiang Xinjian

2010-01-01

233

Information technology, nurse staffing, and patient needs.  

PubMed

As health care organizations increasingly adopt health information technology, time-sensitive data that track patients' requirements for nursing care and nurses' responsiveness to these needs might be available to support evidence-based nurse staffing decisions. care information technologies available in hospitals and on nursing units may provide valuable sources of information that can be translated into usable data. In this study, the usefulness of electronic data obtained from a nurse tracking call light system as a source of information for quality measurement was explored. The findings point to what might be under-utilization of existing health information technology to track patients' needs and nurses' responsiveness, patient census, and patient movements. The authors recommend health information technology be used less as support for other organizational systems and more as an administrative resource that can allow nurse executives to be more actively engaged within and across nursing environments. PMID:21919416

Lucero, Robert J; Ji, Haomiao; de Cordova, Pamela B; Stone, Patricia

2011-01-01

234

TECHNOLOGY AND THE INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A TEACHER SHORTAGE, LARGE CLASSES, AND NEED FOR QUALITY INSTRUCTION FORCED EDUCATION INTO MASS INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY. INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY IS GOVERNED BY SUCH SYSTEMS AS TELEVISION AND FILMS WHICH CAN REACH MORE STUDENTS WITH FEWER TEACHERS. THERE IS A TREND TOWARD INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION UTILIZING TEACHING MACHINES. IF A COMBINATION OF…

FINN, JAMES D.

235

Proceedings 2nd International Workshop on Technologies for Collaborative Processes and Management of Enterprise Information Systems (TCoB & MEIS 2007)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise Information Systems (EIS) like ERP-, CRM- and SCM-systems are pervasive in today’s organizations. EIS implementation projects ask for major financial investments of organizations. They impact many processes and employees of an organization and require significant organizational change. EIS are not only a pervasive phenomenon from a financial point of view, but they also embed a high level of complexity

S. Sadiq; M. U. Reichert; K. Schulz; J. Trienekens; C. Moller; R. J. Kusters

2007-01-01

236

PERCEPTIONS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RISK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliance on IT has complicated risk management efforts by introducing IT risk, defined as the risk that an organization's information systems will not adequately support achieving business objectives, sufficiently safeguard information resources, or deliver accurate and complete information to users. There are multiple stakeholders involved in the effort to manage IT risk, however it is not clear how these different

A DELPHI; James L. Worrell; Ashley A. Bush

237

Warsaw University of Technology Department of Electronics and Information Technologies  

E-print Network

Warsaw University of Technology Department of Electronics and Information Technologies Institute of Electronic Systems Wojciech Jalmuna (index no 180896) Warsaw ELEHP Group and DESY LLRF Team Thesis for Master Simrock Warsaw, February 2006 1 TESLA REPORT 2006-01 DESY THESIS 2006-001 #12;Contents I. Abstract

238

Roadmap: Business Management Technology Information Technology -Associate of Applied Business  

E-print Network

and milestones designated as critical (in boldface and shaded areas) must be completed in the semester listedRoadmap: Business Management Technology ­ Information Technology - Associate of Applied Business to ensure a timely graduation. Kent Core Summary (visit www.kent.edu/catalog/kent-core for course list) Kent

Sheridan, Scott

239

Specification and Validation of Information Processing Systems by Process Encapsulation and Symbolic Execution  

E-print Network

Specification and Validation of Information Processing Systems by Process Encapsulation Circuits and Systems Laboratory, Department of Computer Science Darmstadt University of Technology- grams encapsulated in a shell to fit the introduced and implemented activation rules. An example from

Huss, Sorin A.

240

Technology, privacy and the democratic process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay reviews accelerating trends in the development and distribution of information. It argues that the promises of the information age and the “television of abundance” brings not the emancipation of diversity, but the rapid disintegration of an already weakened right to privacy that threatens the very foundations of participatory democracy. After reviewing emerging technologies for the delivery of information

Oscar H. Gandy Jr; Charles E. Simmons

1986-01-01

241

Find It. Delete It. Protect It. Information Technology Security Strategy  

E-print Network

Find It. Delete It. Protect It. Information Technology Security Strategy Executive Summary The general proposed strategy is to optimize risk management for information security incrementally and over that security will be a process rather than project. Achievement of the goal, optimized risk management

Sheridan, Jennifer

242

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include miniaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is less easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large data sets. Three limiting paradigms are as follows: saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage, and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear model of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1991-01-01

243

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include mineaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large datasets. Three limiting paradigms are saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear mode of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1990-01-01

244

Children Show Selective Trust in Technological Informants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although children are often exposed to technological devices early in life, little is known about how they evaluate these novel sources of information. In two experiments, children ages 3, 4, and 5 (n = 92) were presented with accurate and inaccurate computer informants, and subsequently relied on information provided by the previously accurate computer to identify novel objects and answer questions about

Judith H. Danovitch; Reem Alzahabi

2012-01-01

245

Children Show Selective Trust in Technological Informants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although children are often exposed to technological devices early in life, little is known about how they evaluate these novel sources of information. In two experiments, children aged 3, 4, and 5 years old ("n" = 92) were presented with accurate and inaccurate computer informants, and they subsequently relied on information provided by…

Danovitch, Judith H.; Alzahabi, Reem

2013-01-01

246

Information Technology and the Human Research Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews how information technology supports the Human Research Facility (HRF) and specifically the uses that contractor has for the information. There is information about the contractor, the HRF, some of the experiments that were performed using the HRF on board the Shuttle, overviews of the data architecture, and software both commercial and specially developed software for the specific experiments.

Klee, Margaret

2002-01-01

247

Technology maturation process: the NASA Strategic Astrophysics Technology (SAT) program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009 the Astrophysics Division at NASA Headquarters established the Strategic Astrophysics Technology (SAT) solicitation as a new technology maturation program to fill the needed gap for mid-Technology Readiness Level (TRL) levels (3? TRL <6). In three full proposal selection cycles since the inception of this program, more than 40 investigations have been selected, many meritorious milestones have been met and advances have been achieved. In this paper, we review the process of establishing technology priorities, the management of technology advancements and milestones, and the incipient success of some of these investigations in light of the need of future space missions.

Perez, Mario R.; Pham, Bruce T.; Lawson, Peter R.

2014-08-01

248

Advanced information processing and analysis steering group: intelligence community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's intelligence analysis environment is more complex with an ever increasing focus on technology to solve the analyst's problems and to make the information processing and analysis simpler. The analytic emphasis is heavily oriented toward document selection, data extraction and data monitoring, as well as toward the drafting, coordinating and editing of written reports and similar intelligence products. The Advanced Information Processing and Analysis Steering Group (AIPASG) desires to have an impact on technology development and on the technology insertion to solve high priority information processing and analysis problems.

Kees, Terry S.; Rose, Russell R.

1994-03-01

249

Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company information management technology architecture  

SciTech Connect

The Information Management Technology Architecture (TA) is being driven by the business objectives of reducing costs and improving effectiveness. The strategy is to reduce the cost of computing through standardization. The Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) TA is a set of standards and products for use at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The TA will provide direction for information management resource acquisitions, development of information systems, formulation of plans, and resolution of issues involving LMITCO computing resources. Exceptions to the preferred products may be granted by the Information Management Executive Council (IMEC). Certain implementation and deployment strategies are inherent in the design and structure of LMITCO TA. These include: migration from centralized toward distributed computing; deployment of the networks, servers, and other information technology infrastructure components necessary for a more integrated information technology support environment; increased emphasis on standards to make it easier to link systems and to share information; and improved use of the company`s investment in desktop computing resources. The intent is for the LMITCO TA to be a living document constantly being reviewed to take advantage of industry directions to reduce costs while balancing technological diversity with business flexibility.

Hughes, M.J.; Lau, P.K.S.

1996-05-01

250

How Internet technologies impact information flows in R&D: reconsidering the technological gatekeeper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have firmly established the technological gatekeeper to be a key node in the innovation process – acquiring, translating, and disseminating external information throughout the R&D unit. However, the gatekeeper concept has received modest attention in recent times. We argue that the concept needs to be re-examined in light of the recent advances in Internet technologies that have dramatically

Eoin Whelan; Robin Teigland; Brian Donnellan; Willie Golden

2010-01-01

251

(CICT) Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) program is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communications technologies. This viewgraph presentation includes diagrams of how the political guidance behind CICT is structured. The presentation profiles each part of the NASA Mission in detail, and relates the Mission to the activities of CICT. CICT's Integrated Capability Goal is illustrated, and hypothetical missions which could be enabled by CICT are profiled. CICT technology development is profiled.

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

252

The process for technology transfer in Baltimore  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ingredients essential for a successful decision process relative to proper technological choices for a large city were determined during four years of experience in the NASA/Baltimore Applications Project. The general approach, rationale, and process of technology transfer are discussed.

Golden, T. S.

1978-01-01

253

Stochastic information processing biological systems.  

PubMed

We propose a simple, biochemically-based model for stochastic information processing in brain, genetic, and, consequently, evolutionary modelling. The essential features of reaction-diffusion processes are realized by intrinsically stochastic probabilistic automata (Shannon and Weaver, 1948; see also Ashby, 1958, von Neumann, 1966; Burks, 1970; Paz, 1971) whose definition extends that of classical automata. (Classical automata are deterministic; earlier work on probabilistic automata focused on error correction and at least approximating deterministic behavior.) We call these probabilistic automata biochemical to emphasize the role of intrinsically stochastic process in biological information processing. Our model yields descriptions of gradualism (Conrad, 1974), learning, and apparent inefficiencies in the brain, and partially resolves the near impossibility of simultaneous point mutations (Conrad, 1972, 1978) in genetics. The genetic model implies an evolutionary dynamics of punctuated equilibria (Gould and Eldredge, 1977). PMID:7104473

Hastings, H M; Pekelney, R

1982-01-01

254

Women Technology Leaders: Gender Issues in Higher Education Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women working in higher education information technology (IT) organizations and those seeking leadership positions in these organizations face a double challenge in overcoming the traditionally male-dominated environments of higher education and IT. Three women higher education chief information officers (CIOs) provided their perspectives,…

Drury, Marilyn

2011-01-01

255

ADEPT Next Generation Process Management Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

If current process management systems shall be applied to a broad spectrum of applications, they will have to be significantly improved with respect to their technological capabilities. In particular, in dynamic environments it must be possible to quickly implement and deploy new processes, to enable ad-hoc modifications of single process instances at runtime (e.g., to add, delete or shift process

Manfred Reichert; Stefanie Rinderle; Ulrich Kreher; Hilmar Acker; Markus Lauer; Peter Dadam; N. Boudjlida; N. Guelfi

2006-01-01

256

Information Technology and Clinical Systems  

E-print Network

· IT Engineering: Network, Server, Storage, Desktop · Telecommunications · IT Operations · Information Security and Administration Lisa Hunt IT Engineering Albert Ganzon IT Operations Karen O'Neill Information Security Officer Operations Manager: TBD Systems, Storage, DBA · Network & Voice · Production Control · Data Center

Derisi, Joseph

257

Video Technology: Conveying Information Visually.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that videotaped communications, which provide timely information and cost savings, are beneficial to purchasers and vendors within the public and private library vertical market segment. Four distinct classifications of tapes used at the fall 1984 meeting of the Computer Dealer Exposition are discussed: marketing, informational,…

Bardes, D'Ellen

1985-01-01

258

Automation technology using Geographic Information System (GIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Airport Surface Movement Area is but one of the actions taken to increase the capacity and safety of existing airport facilities. The System Integration Branch (SIB) has designed an integrated system consisting of an electronic moving display in the cockpit, and includes display of taxi routes which will warn controllers and pilots of the position of other traffic and warning information automatically. Although, this system has in test simulation proven to be accurate and helpful; the initial process of obtaining an airport layout of the taxi-routes and designing each of them is a very tedious and time-consuming process. Other methods of preparing the display maps are being researched. One such method is the use of the Geographical Information System (GIS). GIS is an integrated system of computer hardware and software linking topographical, demographic and other resource data that is being referenced. The software can support many areas of work with virtually unlimited information compatibility due to the system's open architecture. GIS will allow us to work faster with increased efficiency and accuracy while providing decision making capabilities. GIS is currently being used at the Langley Research Center with other applications and has been validated as an accurate system for that task. GIS usage for our task will involve digitizing aerial photographs of the topology for each taxi-runway and identifying each position according to its specific spatial coordinates. The information currently being used can be integrated with the GIS system, due to its ability to provide a wide variety of user interfaces. Much more research and data analysis will be needed before this technique will be used, however we are hopeful this will lead to better usage of man-power and technological capabilities for the future.

Brooks, Cynthia L.

1994-01-01

259

Cogeneration technology alternatives study. Volume 2: Industrial process characteristics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information and data for 26 industrial processes are presented. The following information is given for each process: (1) a description of the process including the annual energy consumption and product production and plant capacity; (2) the energy requirements of the process for each unit of production and the detailed data concerning electrical energy requirements and also hot water, steam, and direct fired thermal requirements; (3) anticipated trends affecting energy requirements with new process or production technologies; and (4) representative plant data including capacity and projected requirements through the year 2000.

1980-01-01

260

UAP and the New Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes briefly recent applications of electronics to information processing and information transfer such as facsimile transmission, videodisc and videotape systems, teletext and videotext, word processing, online information retrieval, and document delivery systems. Discusses their relevance to the Universal Availability of Publications (UAP).…

Martyn, John

1982-01-01

261

Early Processing of Visual Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction is given to a theory of early visual information processing. The theory has been implemented, and examples are given of images at various stages of analysis. It is argued that the first step of consequence is to compute a primitive but rich description of the grey-level changes present in an image. The description is expressed in a vocabulary

D. Marr

1976-01-01

262

Dynamic Information and Library Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an introduction to automated information services: collection, analysis, classification, storage, retrieval, transmission, and dissemination. An introductory chapter is followed by an overview of mechanized processes for acquisitions, cataloging, and circulation. Automatic indexing and abstracting methods are covered, followed…

Salton, Gerard

263

Research on probabilistic information processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work accomplished on probabilistic information processing (PIP) is reported. The research proposals and decision analysis are discussed along with the results of research on MSC setting, multiattribute utilities, and Bayesian research. Abstracts of reports concerning the PIP research are included.

Edwards, W.

1973-01-01

264

77 FR 2734 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...advancement and effective use of Health Information Technology. These...patient outcomes and reductions of health disparities for underserved communities in...ensure a timely implementation of a Health Center Controlled Network in...

2012-01-19

265

Essays on information technology and intangible capital  

E-print Network

This thesis consists of three essays related to information technology and intangible capital. The first essay, "Valuing IT-Related Intangible Capital," examines the value of intangible assets in the firm. Using a panel ...

Saunders, Adam

2011-01-01

266

Essays on impact of information technology  

E-print Network

The five essays in this dissertation look at how specific information technologies (such as Electronic Document Management (EDM), Semantic Web and RuleML) and IT in general can be used to automate and standardize data and ...

Bhansali, Sumit Milap

2007-01-01

267

Towards an information technology infrastructure cost model  

E-print Network

Ever since the introduction of the Internet in 1994, one of the defining characteristics of the global economy, particularly in the US, is a dramatic increase in expenditures on Information Technology. While this trend is ...

Huang, Ken, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

268

Information & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions  

E-print Network

the area for Campus Security or emergency services to arrive Evacuation Procedures Activate the NEARESTInformation & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403-220-5333 for Campus Security or dial 9-1-1 for Police, Fire or Ambulance Additional emergency instructions is found

de Leon, Alex R.

269

Information Technology Operational Oversight Committee  

E-print Network

model might include ITaP, academic, and vendor representation, but small enough to manage the initiative of our investigations to the following three areas: 1) conduct an inventory of video conferencing of video conferencing vendor solutions (protocols) along with a greater depth of technologies (mobile

270

Information Technologies in Scanning Roentgenography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern medical Xray diagnosis widely employs digital technologies: computer Xray tomography, mag? netic resonance tomography, digital radiography, etc. Methods of digital radiography can be implemented as automated workplaces (AWP) of roentgenographer and roentgenologist. Let us consider the potential capacity of digital fluorography by the example of the FMTs low? dose digital Xray fluorograph available from Nauchpribor, Ltd. (Orel, Russia). This

V. V. Kretov; Yu. G. Ukraintsev

2005-01-01

271

Information Technology and the Third Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the so-called third industrial revolution, or the information revolution. Topics addressed include the progression of the revolution in the U.S. economy, in Europe, and in Third World countries; the empowering technologies, including digital switches, optical fiber, semiconductors, CD-ROM, networks, and combining technologies; and future…

Fitzsimmons, Joe

1994-01-01

272

Information Technology and the Structuring of Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work in social theory departs from prior traditions in proposing that social phenomena can be understood as comprising both subjective and ob- jective elements. We apply this premise of duality to understanding the rela- tionship between information technology and organizations. We construct a theoretical framework in which the development and deployment of infor- mation technology in organizations is a

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Daniel Robey

1991-01-01

273

Information technology in rural emergency management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural communities face a multitude of hazardous conditions—from blizzards, floods, droughts, and insect infestations caused by nature to hazardous material spills, transportation accidents, and dam failures that result from human activities. Information technology offers to rural emergency managers potentially important tools with which to better plan, alert, and respond to disasters.Three case studies are presented about uses of different technologies.

James W. Morentz

1983-01-01

274

Information and Communications Technologies Center Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of useful videos. Most of the clips are from conferences such as the 2010 CTC Winter Retreat and feature talks given at the conferences. Several other clips involve discussions of ICT academics and technology. The clips vary in length.

275

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2012-10-01

276

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2014-10-01

277

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2013-10-01

278

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 true Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2010-10-01

279

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2011-10-01

280

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2012-10-01

281

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2014-10-01

282

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2013-10-01

283

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2011-10-01

284

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2010-10-01

285

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

286

48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology. 1352.239-71 Section...239-71 Electronic and information technology. As prescribed in 48...provision: Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a)...

2010-10-01

287

78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

2013-04-26

288

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Office of Information Technology. 200.26a Section 200.26a...Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the...

2010-04-01

289

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2010-10-01

290

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

291

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...ACCESSIBILITY OF COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2010-07-01

292

Rail Technology and Systems Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from Federal Transit Administration reviews some of the challenges involved in subway design. On this page, visitors will find the aims of the program as well as further research and reports regarding the sharing of tracks between transit and freight railroads, tunnel design and construction, and subway environment simulation. There is also a link to the May 2005 final report on the General Atomics Low Speed Maglev Technology Development Program, a 174-page pdf.

293

Separation process using microchannel technology  

DOEpatents

The disclosed invention relates to a process and apparatus for separating a first fluid from a fluid mixture comprising the first fluid. The process comprises: (A) flowing the fluid mixture into a microchannel separator in contact with a sorption medium, the fluid mixture being maintained in the microchannel separator until at least part of the first fluid is sorbed by the sorption medium, removing non-sorbed parts of the fluid mixture from the microchannel separator; and (B) desorbing first fluid from the sorption medium and removing desorbed first fluid from the microchannel separator. The process and apparatus are suitable for separating nitrogen or methane from a fluid mixture comprising nitrogen and methane. The process and apparatus may be used for rejecting nitrogen in the upgrading of sub-quality methane.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Bothell, WA); Lamont, Michael Jay (Hilliard, OH); Burwell, Deanna (Cleveland Heights, OH); Dritz, Terence Andrew (Worthington, OH); McDaniel, Jeffrey S. (Columbus, OH); Rogers, Jr.; William A. (Marysville, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Dublin, OH); Weidert, Daniel J. (Lewis Center, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Chadwell, G. Bradley (Reynoldsburg, OH)

2009-03-24

294

Technology Transfer Program: Cleaning processes  

SciTech Connect

The papers presented in this document discusses options currently in use at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD) for production cleaning processes that have traditionally used halogenated solvents. These options comply with environmental and health requirements.

Harding, W.B.; Smith, H.M.; Bohnert, G.W.

1992-08-01

295

Process Guide for Deburring Technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report is an updated and consolidated view of the current deburring processes at the Kansas City Plant (KCP). It includes specific examples of current burr problems and the methods used for their detection. Also included is a pictorial review of the large variety of available deburr tools, along with a complete numerical listing of existing tools and their descriptions. The process for deburring all the major part feature categories is discussed.

Frey, David L.

2012-10-25

296

Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Integrating Resources by Integrating Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), an organization charged with providing information services to the Department of Defense (DoD) scientific and technical community, actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the technical…

Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

297

Information and Communication Technology?Enabled Low Carbon Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the subsector of the information and communication technology (ICT) industry concerned with reducing the economy's environmental impact, dubbed ICT?enabled low carbon technologies (ICTeLCTs). The article is based on a study funded by United Kingdom (UK) Trade and Investment, a division of the UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. ICTeLCTs can be segmented into specialist and generalist

Maurizio Catulli; Emma Fryer

2012-01-01

298

Use of Information Technology in Optometric Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance the information technology literacy of optometry students, the Southern College of Optometry (Tennessee) developed an academic assignment, the Electronic Media Paper, in which second-year students must search two different electronic media for information. Results suggest Internet use for searching may be a useful tool for specific…

Elam, Jimmy H.

1999-01-01

299

Information Technology for Health Care in Mozambique  

E-print Network

.hisp.org) aiming at improving health information management within the primary health care sector. The aim of HISPInformation Technology for Health Care in Mozambique Editorial Introduction Eric Monteiro Associate that are relevant to the development of health information systems under the current social and political conditions

Monteiro, Eric

300

Governance Mechanisms in Information Technology Outsourcing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the dominance of Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) as a sourcing strategy would seem to indicate successful and well-informed practice, frequent examples of unraveled engagements highlight the associated risks. Successful instances of outsourcing suggest that governance mechanisms effectively manage the related risks. This…

Ravindran, Kiron

2010-01-01

301

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

302

The Information Infrastructure and Technology Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statement by Senator Albert Gore, Jr., on introduction of the Information Infrastructure and Technology Act of 1992 highlights examples of applications of high-performance computing, the components of the Information Infrastructure Development Program (i.e., education, libraries, manufacturing, and health care), and participating agencies. A…

Gore, Albert, Jr.

1992-01-01

303

Physics as quantum information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The experience from Quantum Information has lead us to look at Quantum Theory (QT) and the whole Physics from a different angle. The information-theoretical paradigm—It from Bit— prophesied by John Archibald Wheeler is relentlessly advancing. Recently it has been shown that QT is derivable from pure informational principles. The possibility that there is only QT at the foundations of Physics has been then considered, with space-time, Relativity, quantization rules and Quantum Field Theory (QFT) emerging from a quantum-information processing. The resulting theory is a discrete version of QFT with automatic relativistic invariance, and without fields, Hamiltonian, and quantization rules. In this paper I review some recent advances on these lines. In particular: i) How space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from the quantum computation; ii) The derivation of the Dirac equation as free information flow, without imposing Lorentz covariance; iii) the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and Planck constant; iv) An observable consequence of the theory: a mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I will then conclude with two possible routes to Quantum Gravity.

Mauro D'Ariano, Giacomo

2011-10-01

304

Using process integration technology for CLEANER production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Process integration technology design tools have been developed over the past two decades that target reductions in the operating and capital costs of chemical processes. The primary focus of these tools has been the identification of energy conservation and waste reduction process designs. These tools have been used successfully to obtain solutions for a large number of design problems. For

Russell F Dunn; Greg E Bush

2001-01-01

305

Wood Technology: Techniques, Processes, and Products  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven areas of wood technology illustrates applicable techniques, processes, and products for an industrial arts woodworking curriculum. They are: wood lamination; PEG (polyethylene glycol) diffusion processes; wood flour and/or particle molding; production product of industry; WPC (wood-plastic-composition) process; residential construction; and…

Oatman, Olan

1975-01-01

306

Port security and information technology  

E-print Network

The terrorist attacks of September 11th 2001 on New York and Washington DC shed light on the many security shortcomings that sea ports and the entire import and export process face. A primary source of these problems is ...

Petrakakos, Nikolaos Harilaos

2005-01-01

307

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center, aims to "contribute to scientific and technological innovation in telecommunications education" as well as to "provide appropriately skilled technicians and technologists" to information and communication technologies (ICT) businesses, industry, and users. In the "Publications" section of this site, visitors will find links to ICT textbooks and a helpful glossary of telecommunications terms. In the "Resources" section, there are a number of ICT workforce development presentations and Flash simulations on topics such as shift keying and Ethernet switching. Also in this section, there is a web tutorial on designing accessible web pages. This site has a great deal of information to assist students and technologists in telecommunications fields, as well as ready-to-use instructional materials for educators.

308

Wireless technologies for logistic distribution process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the integration of logistic management with information and communication technologies to largely improve the effectiveness of logistic fleet operations. The work presented here shows a real-world fleet management system that integrates mobile communication and supports real-time logistic information flow management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – First, the application of information and mobile communication

Win-Bin See

2007-01-01

309

Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT), part of the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program, "supports the development of a highly skilled, educated and diverse process technician workforce for the chemical manufacturing, refining, oil and gas production, and pharmaceutical manufacturing industry sectors. To accomplish this, CAPT focuses on three models: one for pre-hire education in process technology (PTEC), one for new hire training, and one for incumbent training." On this page, visitors will find curriculum materials and products, professional development opportunities, and process technology career information. In the Marketing section, there are a host of publications including the CAPT newsletter, presentations, press releases, a marketing toolkit, student success stories, and other CAPT publications.

310

Efficiency of cellular information processing  

E-print Network

We show that a rate of conditional Shannon entropy reduction, characterizing the learning of an internal process about an external process, is bounded by the thermodynamic entropy production. This approach allows for the definition of an informational efficiency that can be used to study cellular information processing. We analyze three models of increasing complexity inspired by the E. coli sensory network, where the external process is an external ligand concentration jumping between two values. We start with a simple model for which ATP must be consumed so that a protein inside the cell can learn about the external concentration. With a second model for a single receptor we show that the rate at which the receptor learns about the external environment can be nonzero even without any dissipation inside the cell since chemical work done by the external process compensates for this learning rate. The third model is more complete, also containing adaptation. For this model we show inter alia that a bacterium i...

Barato, Andre C; Seifert, Udo

2014-01-01

311

Efficiency of cellular information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that a rate of conditional Shannon entropy reduction, characterizing the learning of an internal process about an external process, is bounded by the thermodynamic entropy production. This approach allows for the definition of an informational efficiency that can be used to study cellular information processing. We analyze three models of increasing complexity inspired by the Escherichia coli sensory network, where the external process is an external ligand concentration jumping between two values. We start with a simple model for which ATP must be consumed so that a protein inside the cell can learn about the external concentration. With a second model for a single receptor we show that the rate at which the receptor learns about the external environment can be nonzero even without any dissipation inside the cell since chemical work done by the external process compensates for this learning rate. The third model is more complete, also containing adaptation. For this model we show inter alia that a bacterium in an environment that changes at a very slow time-scale is quite inefficient, dissipating much more than it learns. Using the concept of a coarse-grained learning rate, we show for the model with adaptation that while the activity learns about the external signal the option of changing the methylation level increases the concentration range for which the learning rate is substantial.

Barato, Andre C.; Hartich, David; Seifert, Udo

2014-10-01

312

Center for Women and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Women and Information Technology (CWIT), located at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, was named "the best resource on women and technology on the Web" by ABCNews.com. The center's primary goal is to promote women's involvement in the IT industry. CWIT's Web site provides a wealth of information for women, ranging from learning the basics of computers to IT training and certification. Women considering IT as a field of study will also find information on financial aid and the CWIT Scholars Program. There is a list of books and many links to news articles about women and IT that are both interesting and insightful. .

313

Portal monitoring technology control process  

SciTech Connect

Portal monitors are an important part of the material protection, control, and accounting (MPC and A) programs in Russia and the US. Although portal monitors are only a part of an integrated MPC and A system, they are an effective means of controlling the unauthorized movement of special nuclear material (SNM). Russian technical experts have gained experience in the use of SNM portal monitors from US experts ad this has allowed them to use the monitors more effectively. Several Russian institutes and companies are designing and manufacturing SNM portal monitors in Russia. Interactions between Russian and US experts have resulted in improvements to the instruments. SNM portal monitor technology has been effectively transferred from the US to Russia and should be a permanent part of the Russian MPC and A Program. Progress in the implementation of the monitors and improvements to how they are used are discussed.

York, R.L.

1998-12-31

314

University of Alberta Information Technology  

E-print Network

on Versions 1.5 and 1.6 of the plan. To date the IT Plan has received input from: ­ IT Committee ­ Faculty-based and suggestions regarding the plan can be made by completing an on-line questionnaire at: www.vpit.ualberta.ca/planning/feedback.php.ualberta.ca/~univhall/vp/vpa/Committees&TaskForces/ROSC.pdf) FB ICT Committee ­ Faculty-based Information

MacMillan, Andrew

315

SITE TECHNOLOGY CAPSULE: ZENOGEM? WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESS  

EPA Science Inventory

Zenon Environmental System's ZenoGem? Wastewater Treatment Process treats aqueous media contaminated with volatile/semi-volatile organic compounds. This technology combines aerobic biological treatment to remove biodegradable organic compounds with ultrafiltration to separate res...

316

Methodology to manage process technology innovation  

E-print Network

The research conducted for this thesis was performed at "Company X", a U.S.-based engineered goods manufacturer. This project focused on the company's Advanced Manufacturing group and its process technology development ...

Schweizer, Daniel

2010-01-01

317

Process Analytical Technology in biopharmaceutical manufacturing  

E-print Network

Process Analytical Technology (PAT) became a well-defined concept within the pharmaceutical industry as a result of a major initiative by the FDA called "Pharmaceutical cGMPs for the 21st Century: A Risk-Based Approach." ...

Cosby, Samuel T. (Samuel Thomas)

2013-01-01

318

The SOHO Archive Components, Architecture, Processing & Technology  

E-print Network

1 The SOHO Archive Components, Architecture, Processing & Technology George Dimitoglou SOHO ESA/NASA Project Science Team EER/L3 Space Sciences Division #12;2 SOHO Archive Components n-tier architecture

319

Electrochromic Windows: Advanced Processing Technology  

SciTech Connect

This project addresses the development of advanced fabrication capabilities for energy saving electrochromic (EC) windows. SAGE EC windows consist of an inorganic stack of thin films deposited onto a glass substrate. The window tint can be reversibly changed by the application of a low power dc voltage. This property can be used to modulate the amount of light and heat entering buildings (or vehicles) through the glazings. By judicious management of this so-called solar heat gain, it is possible to derive significant energy savings due to reductions in heating lighting, and air conditioning (HVAC). Several areas of SAGE’s production were targeted during this project to allow significant improvements to processing throughput, yield and overall quality of the processing, in an effort to reduce the cost and thereby improve the market penetration. First, the overall thin film process was optimized to allow a more robust set of operating points to be used, thereby maximizing the yield due to the thin film deposition themselves. Other significant efforts aimed at improving yield were relating to implementing new procedures and processes for the manufacturing process, to improve the quality of the substrate preparation, and the quality of the IGU fabrication. Furthermore, methods for reworking defective devices were developed, to enable devices which would otherwise be scrapped to be made into useful product. This involved the in-house development of some customized equipment. Finally, the improvements made during this project were validated to ensure that they did not impact the exceptional durability of the SageGlass® products. Given conservative estimates for cost and market penetration, energy savings due to EC windows in residences in the US are calculated to be of the order 0.026 quad (0.026×1015BTU/yr) by the year 2017.

SAGE Electrochromics, Inc

2006-12-13

320

The NASA Integrated Information Technology Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document defines an Information Technology Architecture for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), where Information Technology (IT) refers to the hardware, software, standards, protocols and processes that enable the creation, manipulation, storage, organization and sharing of information. An architecture provides an itemization and definition of these IT structures, a view of the relationship of the structures to each other and, most importantly, an accessible view of the whole. It is a fundamental assumption of this document that a useful, interoperable and affordable IT environment is key to the execution of the core NASA scientific and project competencies and business practices. This Architecture represents the highest level system design and guideline for NASA IT related activities and has been created on the authority of the NASA Chief Information Officer (CIO) and will be maintained under the auspices of that office. It addresses all aspects of general purpose, research, administrative and scientific computing and networking throughout the NASA Agency and is applicable to all NASA administrative offices, projects, field centers and remote sites. Through the establishment of five Objectives and six Principles this Architecture provides a blueprint for all NASA IT service providers: civil service, contractor and outsourcer. The most significant of the Objectives and Principles are the commitment to customer-driven IT implementations and the commitment to a simpler, cost-efficient, standards-based, modular IT infrastructure. In order to ensure that the Architecture is presented and defined in the context of the mission, project and business goals of NASA, this Architecture consists of four layers in which each subsequent layer builds on the previous layer. They are: 1) the Business Architecture: the operational functions of the business, or Enterprise, 2) the Systems Architecture: the specific Enterprise activities within the context of IT systems, 3) the Technical Architecture: a common, vendor-independent framework for design, integration and implementation of IT systems and 4) the Product Architecture: vendor=specific IT solutions. The Systems Architecture is effectively a description of the end-user "requirements". Generalized end-user requirements are discussed and subsequently organized into specific mission and project functions. The Technical Architecture depicts the framework, and relationship, of the specific IT components that enable the end-user functionality as described in the Systems Architecture. The primary components as described in the Technical Architecture are: 1) Applications: Basic Client Component, Object Creation Applications, Collaborative Applications, Object Analysis Applications, 2) Services: Messaging, Information Broker, Collaboration, Distributed Processing, and 3) Infrastructure: Network, Security, Directory, Certificate Management, Enterprise Management and File System. This Architecture also provides specific Implementation Recommendations, the most significant of which is the recognition of IT as core to NASA activities and defines a plan, which is aligned with the NASA strategic planning processes, for keeping the Architecture alive and useful.

Baldridge, Tim

1997-01-01

321

The Information Economy: The Technology Matrices (1967).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report series defines and measures the "information activity" within the national economy. "Information activity" is defined to include those specific industries and occupations whose primary function is to produce, process, or transmit economically valuable information. Changes in the national labor force are analyzed over a 120-year span.…

Porat, Marc Uri; Rubin, Michael R.

322

Advanced technology development for image gathering, coding, and processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Three overlapping areas of research activities are presented: (1) Information theory and optimal filtering are extended to visual information acquisition and processing. The goal is to provide a comprehensive methodology for quantitatively assessing the end-to-end performance of image gathering, coding, and processing. (2) Focal-plane processing techniques and technology are developed to combine effectively image gathering with coding. The emphasis is on low-level vision processing akin to the retinal processing in human vision. (3) A breadboard adaptive image-coding system is being assembled. This system will be used to develop and evaluate a number of advanced image-coding technologies and techniques as well as research the concept of adaptive image coding.

Huck, Friedrich O.

1990-01-01

323

The Biomedical Information Communication Center: Organizing Information Services for Technological Change  

PubMed Central

Biomedical technology developments and the increase in the production of medical information mandate a need for comprehensive information management in the academic health sciences center. Two traditional divisions involved in this process, the library and the computing center, have typically been segregated. The Biomedical Information Communication Center brings together these departments and others, including health informatics research. Needs assessments of BICC staff and users were conducted to gather information and help direct change. To position the university as a proactive agent of technological change, the BICC administrative team planned and implemented an integrated reorganization with an eye to the future.

Ash, Joan S.; Pyle, Kathryn I.; Beck, J. Robert

1990-01-01

324

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT FOR AMMONIA RECOVERY PROCESS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technology Verification report describes the nature and scope of an environmental evaluation of ThermoEnergy Corporation?s Ammonia Recovery Process (ARP) system. The information contained in this report represents data that were collected over a 3-month pilot study. The ti...

325

TEXACO GASIFICATION PROCESS - INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the evaluation of the Texaco Gasification Process (TGP) conducted under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program. The Texaco Gasification Process was developed by Texaco Inc. The TGP is a comm...

326

Organic Process Technology Valuation: Cyclohexanone Oxime Syntheses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three contemporary processes for cyclohexanone oxime synthesis are evaluated in a case study. The case study introduces organic chemistry students to basic cost accounting to determine the most economical technology. Technical and financial aspects of these processes are evaluated with problem-based exercises that may be completed by students…

Cannon, Kevin C.; Breen, Maureen P.

2010-01-01

327

InformationTechnologies extension.uci.edu/webdesign  

E-print Network

InformationTechnologies Programs extension.uci.edu/webdesign Web Design and Development Certificate of excellence. Web Design and Development Certificate Program Move beyond first generation HTML-based web pages-business processes. Become familiar with good design practices and today's fundamental web application development

Rose, Michael R.

328

Page 1 of 8 Information Technologies Change Management Standard  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 8 hi Information Technologies Change Management Standard Definitions 1 Change and supports change management processes by providing assistance in assessing and prioritizing change requests (CI): Any technical component (e.g. hardware, software) that needs to be managed in order to deliver

Habib, Ayman

329

Managing Technological Change in Libraries and Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines factors to be considered in the management of technological change in libraries and information services. The organizational climate for change is discussed, and factors to consider when developing a strategy for introducing a new product, service, or system are described, including leadership, goals, political processes, marketing, and…

Klobas, Jane E.

1990-01-01

330

Information Technology Assessment Study: Full Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an information technology (IT) infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology are presented. IT needs and interests for future OSS missions and current NASA IT research and development (R&D) are discussed. Non-NASA participants provide overviews of some of their IT R&D programs. Implementation and infusion issues and the findings and recommendations of the assessment team are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

331

Improving injury prevention through health information technology.  

PubMed

Health information technology is an emerging area of focus in clinical medicine with the potential to improve injury and violence prevention practice. With injuries being the leading cause of death for Americans aged 1-44 years, greater implementation of evidence-based preventive services, referral to community resources, and real-time surveillance of emerging threats is needed. Through a review of the literature and capturing of current practice in the field, this paper showcases how health information technology applied to injury and violence prevention can lead to strengthened clinical preventive services, more rigorous measurement of clinical outcomes, and improved injury surveillance, potentially resulting in health improvement. PMID:25441230

Haegerich, Tamara M; Sugerman, David E; Annest, Joseph L; Klevens, Joanne; Baldwin, Grant T

2015-02-01

332

Viewpoint: Using Information Technology to Enhance Engineering Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews three learning models and information technologies that can be used to support the effective application of these learning models in engineering higher education. The effectiveness of an information technology is analysed through the appropriateness of the technology in supporting a particular learning model. The mapping of information technologies to learning models identifies technologies in which engineering schools

HENG LI

1997-01-01

333

Information systems to enhance technology exchange  

SciTech Connect

A fundamental part of international technology exchange is the compilation and dissemination of information. Worldwide environmental problems and technology development activities form the basis for important opportunities across the world and especially for those in the former Soviet Union. Recently, important agreements have been reached among Russian institutes engaged in environmental work and the US Department of Energy (DOE) and its national laboratories. These agreements will allow a systematic compilation of information on environmental contamination problems in Russia that can be included in DOE`s environmental information systems. A computer hardware and software system has been loaned to Russian scientists by the DOE for the sharing of environmental software and data, while establishing standards for future information networks.

Hunter, T.; Harrington, M.; Harlan, C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Drozhko, E. [MAYAK Production Association (United States)

1994-03-01

334

NUMBER: IT 1.06 SECTION: Information Technology  

E-print Network

1 NUMBER: IT 1.06 SECTION: Information Technology SUBJECT: Acceptable Use of Information Technology Authorized by: William F. Hogue Issued by: Office of Information Technology I. Policy All users of University information technology resources must adhere to applicable state and federal laws, statutes, and regulations

Morgan, Stephen L.

335

High-temperature technological processes: Thermophysical principles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The book is concerned with the principles of thermodynamics and heat transfer theory underlying high-temperature technological processes. Some characteristics of electromagnetic radiation and heat transfer in solids, liquids, and gases are reviewed, and boundary layer theory, surface phenomena, and phase transitions are examined. The discussion includes an analysis of a number of specific processes, such as treatment by concentrated energy fluxes (electron-beam and laser processing) and plasma machining.

Rykalin, N. N.; Uglov, A. A.; Anishchenko, L. M.

336

Nonthermal processing technologies as food safety intervention processes  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Foods should provide sensorial satisfaction and nutrition to people. Yet, foodborne pathogens cause significant illness and lose of life to human kind every year. A processing intervention step may be necessary prior to the consumption to ensure the safety of foods. Nonthermal processing technologi...

337

75 FR 79354 - Assessment Technology Standards Request for Information (RFI)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Assessment Technology Standards Request for Information...technical expertise pertaining to assessment technology standards...collect information relating to assessment technology standards. Toward that end, we...

2010-12-20

338

Prioritizing Information Technology Investments: Assessing the Correlations among Technological Readiness, Information Technology Flexibility, and Information Technology Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management's dilemma, when allocating financial resources towards the improvement of technological readiness and IT flexibility within their organizations, is to control financial risk and maximize IT effectiveness. Technological readiness is people's propensity to embrace and use technology. Its drivers are optimism, innovativeness, discomfort,…

Walter, John T.

2010-01-01

339

Recent Research in Learning Technological Concepts and Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines recent research in student learning of technological concepts and processes. To explore this area three inter-related aspects are considered; existing concepts of technology, technological knowledge and processes. Different views of technology and technology education are reflected in both research outcomes and curriculum documents. Teacher and student perceptions of technology impact on the way in which technology is

Alister Jones

1997-01-01

340

Modernization and new technologies: Coping with the information explosion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information has become a valuable and strategic resource in all societies and economies. Scientific and technical information is especially important in developing and maintaining a strong national science and technology base. The expanding use of information technology, the growth of interdisciplinary research, and an increase in international collaboration are changing characteristics of information. This modernization effort applies new technology to current processes to provide near-term benefits to the user. At the same time, we are developing a long-term modernization strategy designed to transition the program to a multimedia, global 'library without walls'. Notwithstanding this modernization program, it is recogized that no one information center can hope to collect all the relevant data. We see information and information systems changing and becoming more international in scope. We are finding that many nations are expending resources on national systems which duplicate each other. At the same time that this duplication exists, many useful sources of aerospace information are not being collected to cover expanded sources of information. This paper reviews the NASA modernization program and raises for consideration new possibilities for unification of the various aerospace database efforts toward a cooperative international aerospace database initiative, one that can optimize the cost/benefit equation for all participants.

Blados, Walter R.; Cotter, Gladys A.

1993-01-01

341

Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

1999-05-01

342

Introduction David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 1  

E-print Network

by changes in information technology · Social change drives changes in technology · Technological change songs and videos? 4. How reliable is information technology? 5. How do social networks like Facebook/13 3 Discussion 6. How could information technology change your life for better or worse in the next

Keil, David M.

343

Report of the Panel on Computer and Information Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircraft have become more and more dependent on computers (information processing) for improved performance and safety. It is clear that this activity will grow, since information processing technology has advanced by a factor of 10 every 5 years for the past 35 years and will continue to do so. Breakthroughs in device technology, from vacuum tubes through transistors to integrated circuits, contribute to this rapid pace. This progress is nearly matched by similar, though not as dramatic, advances in numerical software and algorithms. Progress has not been easy. Many technical and nontechnical challenges were surmounted. The outlook is for continued growth in capability but will require surmounting new challenges. The technology forecast presented in this report has been developed by extrapolating current trends and assessing the possibilities of several high-risk research topics. In the process, critical problem areas that require research and development emphasis have been identified. The outlook assumes a positive perspective; the projected capabilities are possible by the year 2000, and adequate resources will be made available to achieve them. Computer and information technology forecasts and the potential impacts of this technology on aeronautics are identified. Critical issues and technical challenges underlying the achievement of forecasted performance and benefits are addressed.

Lundstrom, Stephen F.; Larsen, Ronald L.

1984-01-01

344

Congrees and information technology: A new focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

It used to be so simple for libraries, this intellectual property thing! As information technology has been adopted for the mediation of what may be termed “content,” the level of complexity of the policy issues, the number of stakeholders, and the need for new legal definitions have all grown apace. We only have to go back to mid-1980s when the

Prudence S. Adler

1999-01-01

345

Julin Mestre School of Information Technologies  

E-print Network

Julián Mestre ! School of Information Technologies The University of Sydney Research Methods, 2014 S2 Writing a paper in Theoretical Computer Science #12;Research Methods - Julián Mestre Overview the reviewer's perspective References 2 #12;Research Methods - Julián Mestre Examples of topics in TCS

Hong,Seokhee

346

InformationTechnologies Accelerate Your Career  

E-print Network

InformationTechnologies Programs Accelerate Your Career Web Intelligence Certificate Program programs help you increase or enhance your current skills or prepare for a new career. Courses are highly Accelerate Your Career Offered in collaboration with: #12;Improve Your Career Options with a Professional

Rose, Michael R.

347

Education, Information Technology and Cognitive Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses information technology and its effects on developmental psychology and children's education. Topics discussed include a theory of child-computer interaction (CCI); programing; communication and computers, including electronic mail; cognitive science; artificial intelligence; modeling the user-system interaction; and the future of…

Scaife, M.

1989-01-01

348

Culture and Cognition in Information Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at explaining the outcomes of information technology education for international students using anthropological theories of cultural schemas. Even though computer science and engineering are usually assumed to be culture-independent, the practice in classrooms seems to indicate that learning patterns depend on culture. The…

Holvikivi, Jaana

2007-01-01

349

Campus Computer Store Information Technology Services  

E-print Network

Campus Computer Store Information Technology Services 20 Place Riel, 1 Campus Drive 966-8375 ccs Computer Store is administering a license for SAS. It is licensed on a yearly pro-rated basis as outlined: _____________________________________________________ Student Number (if applicable): _______________________________________________ Location of Computer

Saskatchewan, University of

350

Communication and information technology in medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few years have seen rapid advances in communication and information technology (C&IT), and the pervasion of the worldwide web into everyday life has important implications for education. Most medical schools provide extensive computer networks for their students, and these are increasingly becoming a central component of the learning and teaching environment. Such advances bring new opportunities and challenges

Jeremy PT Ward; Jill Gordon; Michael J Field; Harold P Lehmann

2001-01-01

351

The Cognitive Ergonomics Laboratory NSF Information Technology  

E-print Network

The Cognitive Ergonomics Laboratory NSF Information Technology Research (ITR) Annual Review David B Ergonomics Laboratory #12;Research Assistants w Becca Green (IE) - Cognitive task analysis (CTA); abstraction URO (funded by SMV): n Complimentary research - "Physio-ergonomic Optimized Human-machine Interfaces

Kaber, David B.

352

Information Technology Services Support for Emergencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least the last quarter century, enterprises--including higher education institutions--have increasingly relied on Information Technology Services (ITS) for business functions. As a result, IT organizations have had to develop the discipline of production operations as well as recovery procedures to respond when those operations are…

Spicer, Donald Z.

2008-01-01

353

Levels of Success in Implementing Information Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay I argue that the key to implementing information technologies successfully in higher education rests on the convergence of three factors. First, an innovation must be properly framed in terms of stakeholders' expectations. Second, an environment favorable to innovation must be present. Finally, the pros of specific attributes of innovations must outweigh their cons. The seven other conditions,

J. David Johnson

2000-01-01

354

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their

Ben-Tzion Karsh; Matthew B. Weinger; Patricia A. Abbott; Robert L. Wears

2010-01-01

355

Coordination Technologies for Managing Information System Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information System Engineering has become under increasing pressure to come up with software solutions that endow systems with the agility that is required to evolve in a continually changing business and technological environment. In this paper, we suggest that Software Engi- neering has a contribution to make in terms of concepts and techniques that have been recently developed for Parallel

Luis Filipe Andrade; José Luiz Fiadeiro

2001-01-01

356

Employment Equity Education Awards 2014 Information Technology  

E-print Network

Employment Equity Education Awards 2014 Information Technology Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries is pleased to continue its Employment Equity Education Awards program to promote our commitment to Employment Equity and assist us in meeting future employment needs. Please encourage eligible students to apply

357

Governance Methods Used in Externalizing Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology (IT) is the largest capital expenditure in many firms and is an integral part of many organizations' strategies. However, the benefits that each company receives from its IT investments vary. One study by Weill (2004) found that the top performer in the sample was estimated to have as high as a 40% greater return on its…

Chan, Steven King-Lun

2012-01-01

358

Information Science and Technology: Celebrating the Future  

E-print Network

represented a variety of topics in which government policy and scientific research influ- ence one another between molecular biology, medical research, and public health. Physicist David Goodstein (Vice ProvostInformation Science and Technology: Celebrating the Future A gathering to welcome 22 new IST

359

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Privacy,  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Privacy, Information Access & Management STATUS: Approved POLICY TITLE: Information Technology Security Policy POLICY PURPOSE: The purpose of this Information Technology Security Policy is to ensure and describe the steps necessary to secure information

Gering, Jon C.

360

NUMBER: IT 3.00 SECTION: Information Technology  

E-print Network

NUMBER: IT 3.00 SECTION: Information Technology SUBJECT: Information Security DATE: September 2: William F. Hogue Issued by: Office of Information Technology I. Policy The University of South Carolina data and information technology assets. The University Information Security Office is therefore

Almor, Amit

361

Information technology and quality of work life: Comparing users with non-users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the potential future effects of information technology on office-type work and job attitudes. An argument from labour process theory has suggested that such technology will simplify and deskill jobs, thereby reducing the quality of work life. This proposition was explored within several government agencies. Over one hundred users' and nonusers' attitudes concerning information technology's future

Urs E. Gattiker; LeWayne Howg

1990-01-01

362

A Computer-Assisted Approach for Conducting Information Technology Applied Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing popularity of computer and network technologies has attracted researchers to investigate the strategies and the effects of information technology applied instructions. Previous research has not only demonstrated the benefits of applying information technologies to the learning process, but has also revealed the difficulty of applying…

Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Pei Jin; Yang, Tzu-Chi

2009-01-01

363

Information Technology Standards Program management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents a logical and realistic plan to implement the Information Technology (IT) Standards Program throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). It was developed by DOE Chief Information Officer (CIO) staff, with participation from many other individuals throughout the DOE complex. The DOE IT Standards Program coordinates IT standards activities Department-wide, including implementation of standards to support the DOE Information Architecture. The Program is voluntary, participatory, and consensus-based. The intent is to enable accomplishment of the DOE mission, and the Program is applicable to all DOE elements, both Federal and contractor. The purpose of this document is to describe the key elements of the DOE IT Standards Program.

NONE

1998-05-01

364

Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 197  

E-print Network

Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 197 November 26, 2001 Announcing the ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD (AES) Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) are issued. This standard may be used by Federal departments and agencies when an agency determines that sensitive

365

Neural processing of gravity information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this project was to use the linear acceleration capabilities of the NASA Vestibular Research Facility (VRF) at Ames Research Center to directly examine encoding of linear accelerations in the vestibular system of the cat. Most previous studies, including my own, have utilized tilt stimuli, which at very low frequencies (e.g., 'static tilt') can be considered a reasonably pure linear acceleration (e.g., 'down'); however, higher frequencies of tilt, necessary for understanding the dynamic processing of linear acceleration information, necessarily involves rotations which can stimulate the semicircular canals. The VRF, particularly the Long Linear Sled, has promise to provide controlled pure linear accelerations at a variety of stimulus frequencies, with no confounding angular motion.

Schor, Robert H.

1992-01-01

366

Quantum information processing in diamond  

E-print Network

Quantum computing is an attractive and multidisciplinary field, which became a focus for experimental and theoretical research during last decade. Among other systems, like ions in traps or superconducting circuits, solid-states based qubits are considered to be promising candidates for first experimental tests of quantum hardware. Here we report recent progress in quantum information processing with point defect in diamond. Qubits are defined as single spin states (electron or nuclear). This allows exploring long coherence time (up to seconds for nuclear spins at cryogenic temperatures). In addition, the optical transition between ground and excited electronic states allows coupling of spin degrees of freedom to the state of the electromagnetic field. Such coupling gives access to the spin state readout via spin-selective scattering of photon. This also allows using of spin state as robust memory for flying qubits (photons).

F. Jelezko; J. Wrachtrup

2005-10-19

367

Information Processing Abilities in Twins Reared Apart.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A battery of information processing measures and psychometric tests of specific and general cognitive abilities was administered to 34 monozygotic and 13 dizygotic reared apart twin pairs or triplets. Correlations between information processing parameters and psychometric abilities as well as twin resemblances for the information processing

McGue, Matt; And Others

1984-01-01

368

Audio processing technology for law enforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Air Force Research Laboratory Multi-Sensor Exploitation Branch (AFRL/IFEC) has been a Department of Defense leader in research and development (R&D) in speech and audio processing for over 25 years. Their primary thrust in these R&D areas has focused on developing technology to improve the collection, handling, identification, and intelligibility of military communication signals. The National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center for the Northeast (NLECTC-NE) is collocated with the AFRL Rome Research Sited at the Griffiss Technology park in upstate New York. The NLECTC-NE supports sixteen (16) states in the northeast sector of the United States, and is funded and supported by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Since the inception of the NLECTC-NE in 1995, the AFRL Rome Research Site has expanded the military applications of their expertise to address law enforcement and corrections requirements. AFRL/IFEC's speech and audio processing technology is unique and particularly appropriate for application to law enforcement requirements. It addresses the similar military need for time-critical decisions and actions, operation within noisy environments, and use by uncooperative speakers in tactical, real-time applications. Audio and speech processing technology for both application domains must also often deal with short utterance communications (less than five seconds of speech) and transmission-to-transmission channel variability.

Walter, Sharon M.; Cofano, Maria; Ratley, Roy J.

1999-01-01

369

Photonic Architecture for Scalable Quantum Information Processing in Diamond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics and information are intimately connected, and the ultimate information processing devices will be those that harness the principles of quantum mechanics. Many physical systems have been identified as candidates for quantum information processing, but none of them are immune from errors. The challenge remains to find a path from the experiments of today to a reliable and scalable quantum computer. Here, we develop an architecture based on a simple module comprising an optical cavity containing a single negatively charged nitrogen vacancy center in diamond. Modules are connected by photons propagating in a fiber-optical network and collectively used to generate a topological cluster state, a robust substrate for quantum information processing. In principle, all processes in the architecture can be deterministic, but current limitations lead to processes that are probabilistic but heralded. We find that the architecture enables large-scale quantum information processing with existing technology.

Nemoto, Kae; Trupke, Michael; Devitt, Simon J.; Stephens, Ashley M.; Scharfenberger, Burkhard; Buczak, Kathrin; Nöbauer, Tobias; Everitt, Mark S.; Schmiedmayer, Jörg; Munro, William J.

2014-07-01

370

New technologies, information reusability and diversification: A simple model of a banking firm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a model of banking technology of production and processing of information defining financial products and services as sets of information. We distinguish final and simple products. Final products are sets of simple products. Simple products are activities based on the production and management of information. We present a three-period model to examine the technological factors influencing banking

José A. Novo-peteiro

2000-01-01

371

Study on the Information Dual-direction Transmission Technology of Fuze Wire Link Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the real-time information communication of fuze and fire control system, a wire link setting technology is adopted to realize the dual-direction quick transmission of information between setting system and fuze circuit. In order to reduce energy consumption of the fuze circuit during the information feedback process, a setting system loop is designed based on the load modulation technology with

Changsheng Li; Shaojie Ma; He Zhang; Libo Ding

2010-01-01

372

Business Value of Information Sharing and the Role of Emerging Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Technology has brought significant benefits to organizations by allowing greater information sharing within and across firm boundaries leading to performance improvements. Emerging technologies such as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web2.0 have transformed the volume and process of information sharing. However, a comprehensive…

Kumar, Sanjeev

2009-01-01

373

Indicators of Information and Communications Technologies Impact in the New Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) affect every activity and suppose changes in all domains: in administration (e-government), in business (electronic commerce), in education (long distance education), in culture (multimedia centers and virtual libraries) and in the manner of working (long distance working). Information and Communications Technologies facilitate communication, processing, and transmission of information by electronic means and this plays

Lorena BATAGAN

2006-01-01

374

Business Process Modeling for developing Process Oriented IT Systems Track: Business Process Management Tools and Technologies  

E-print Network

solutions. The paradigm of Business Process Management stresses the importance of integrating entireBusiness Process Modeling for developing Process Oriented IT Systems Track: Business Process, the paradigm of Business Process Management contrasts with traditional information system development, which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

375

Undertaking sociotechnical evaluations of health information technologies.  

PubMed

There is an increasing international recognition that the evaluation of health information technologies should involve assessments of both the technology and the social/organisational contexts into which it is deployed. There is, however, a lack of agreement on definitions, published guidance on how such 'sociotechnical evaluations' should be undertaken, and how they distinguish themselves from other approaches. We explain what sociotechnical evaluations are, consider the contexts in which these are most usefully undertaken, explain what they entail, reflect on the potential pitfalls associated with such research, and suggest possible ways to avoid these. PMID:24841408

Cresswell, Kathrin M; Sheikh, Aziz

2014-01-01

376

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring ``global visualization`` onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua

1992-09-01

377

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring global visualization'' onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua.

1992-01-01

378

Automated Composites Processing Technology: Film Module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed a technology that combines a film/adhesive laydown module with fiber placement technology to enable the processing of composite prepreg tow/tape and films, foils or adhesives on the same placement machine. The development of this technology grew out of NASA's need for lightweight, permeation-resistant cryogenic propellant tanks. Autoclave processing of high performance composites results in thermally-induced stresses due to differences in the coefficients of thermal expansion of the fiber and matrix resin components. These stresses, together with the reduction in temperature due to cryogen storage, tend to initiate microcracking within the composite tank wall. One way in which to mitigate this problem is to introduce a thin, crack-resistant polymer film or foil into the tank wall. Investigation into methods to automate the processing of thin film or foil materials into composites led to the development of this technology. The concept employs an automated film supply and feed module that may be designed to fit existing fiber placement machines, or may be designed as integral equipment to new machines. This patent-pending technology can be designed such that both film and foil materials may be processed simultaneously, leading to a decrease in part build cycle time. The module may be designed having a compaction device independent of the host machine, or may utilize the host machine's compactor. The film module functions are controlled by a dedicated system independent of the fiber placement machine controls. The film, foil, or adhesive is processed via pre-existing placement machine run programs, further reducing operational expense.

Hulcher, A. Bruce

2004-01-01

379

Adoption of new information technologies in rural small businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The media discussion on `information superhighway', `Internet' and `national information infrastructure (NII)' has highlighted the potential of information technology in modern society. The changes in information and communication technologies provide both opportunities and threats to small businesses located in rural communities. The objective of this study is to identify the state of use of various communications technologies and the factors

G. Premkumar; Margaret Roberts

1999-01-01

380

The Integration of Information and Communication Technology into Classroom Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Newfoundland study examining how information technologies affect teaching interviewed 13 teachers at a leading high school in the use of information technology. Teachers used information technology to interact on a global basis, expand resources, enhance local content, and customize material. Problems included need for training, information

Reid, Scott

2002-01-01

381

Effects of urban information and communication technology on sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the urban information and communication technology and its impacts on sustainable development. The findings are based on the views represented in literature and the relationship between information and communication technology and sustainability in urban development. Therefore, information and communication technology as the main component of the information society should be taken into consideration in sustainable development. In

M. Navabakhsh; M. Motlaq

2009-01-01

382

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use. PMID:20962121

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

383

California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology is an advanced research and development organization whose goal is to "extend the reach of the current information infrastructure throughout the physical world to enable anytime/anywhere access." Highlights and news stories from the Institute are given on its Web site, as well as a multimedia section with live Webcasts and a video archive. The Institute has taken an original approach to "layered" research; a detailed overview is given for each research department that comprises one of the five layers of the new Internet.

384

Heterogeneous information processing and integration method research in Enterprise Management Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In research of heterogeneous information processing and integration method in enterprise management information systems, XML-based Global-as-View that is XGAV for short will be put forward in this passage. XGAV adopts such technologies as XML Schema, XSLT to describe Global-as-View formally, integration of heterogeneous information will be implemented effectively by this way. Based on XGAV, using available storage information integration platform

Peng Gong; Chi Yang; Dongping Shi

2007-01-01

385

An On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology selection for integrated testing. OTIS will provide a formalized, well-organized protocol to communicate thorough, accurate, current and relevant technology information between the hands-on technology developer and the ALS Community. The need for this type of information transfer system within the Solid Waste Management (SWM) element was recently identified and addressed. A SWM Technology Information Form (TIF) was developed specifically for collecting detailed technology information in the area of SWM. In the TIF, information is requested from SWM technology developers, based upon the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Basic information is requested for low-TRL technologies, and more detailed information is requested as the TRL of the technology increases. A comparable form is also being developed for the wastewater processing element. In the future, similar forms will also be developed for the ALS elements of air revitalization, food processing, biomass production and thermal control. These ALS element-specific forms will be implemented in OTIS via a web-accessible interface,with the data stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQLTM) located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed research and development investment, thereby promoting technology through the TRL scale. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of programmatic needs.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

386

Information Technology (IT) & Computers Contact Person  

E-print Network

Information Technology (IT) & Computers Contact Person: Winnie Lante Room B6-C N-Z Hall Ph: 846-0865 wdl@ufl.edu Karen Porter Rm B6-D N-Z Hall PH: 846-0854 Reed Lab PH: 392-9492 Karen.porter@ufl.edu E: (username: if-svc-forestry, password: forestry) 3. Select and open the Public Folders (bottom of left side

Watson, Craig A.

387

Integrated Engineering Information Technology, FY93 accommplishments  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Engineering Information Technology (IEIT) project is providing a comprehensive, easy-to-use computer network solution or communicating with coworkers both inside and outside Sandia National Laboratories. IEIT capabilities include computer networking, electronic mail, mechanical design, and data management. These network-based tools have one fundamental purpose: to help create a concurrent engineering environment that will enable Sandia organizations to excel in today`s increasingly competitive business environment.

Harris, R.N.; Miller, D.K.; Neugebauer, G.L.; Orona, J.R.; Partridge, R.A.; Herman, J.D.

1994-03-01

388

Information Technology Assessment Study: Executive Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an IT infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology and the findings and recommendations of OSS IT users and providers are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

389

Rebound effects of progress in information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) is continuously making astounding progress in technical efficiency. The time, space, material\\u000a and energy needed to provide a unit of IT service have decreased by three orders of magnitude since the first personal computer\\u000a (PC) was sold. However, it seems difficult for society to translate IT’s efficiency progress into progress in terms of individual,\\u000a organizational or socio-economic

Lorenz M. Hilty; Andreas Köhler; Fabian Von Schéele; Rainer Zah; Thomas Ruddy

2006-01-01

390

Careers in Information and Security Technologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive activity produced for Teachers' Domain investigates three possible career paths in information and security technologies: administration, development, and integration. Explore each path to learn more about the education and experience required for particular jobs such as computer support specialist, network and systems administrator, computer security specialist, database administrator, computer technician, computer hardware engineer, computer software engineer, computer training specialist, computer systems analyst, and network engineer. The interactive is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions.

391

Information Communication Technology and Politics: A Synthesized Analysis of the Impacts of Information Technology on Voter Participation in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The availability of political information throughout society made possible by the evolution of contemporary information communication technology has precipitated conflicting debate regarding the effects of technology use on real life political participation. Proponents of technology argue that the use of new information technology stimulates…

Tsuma, Clive Katiba

2011-01-01

392

LANFILGAS(sm) process. Technology spotlight report  

SciTech Connect

The United States is facing a garbage crisis. Several areas of the country have already run out of landfill space, and recent studies indicate that many other areas will be experiencing the same problem with the next ten years. Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) has patented an advanced biogasification technology called LANFILGAS that accelerates the stabilization of landfills through anaerobic composting and recovers the methane gas for its energy value. Anaerobic composting, or digestion, is a natural process that takes place in every landfill. It is generally uncontrolled, however, and can take up to 30 years to stabilize a landfill.

NONE

1995-08-01

393

Providing access: The difference between sharing and just reporting geographical information systems and engineering information/information technology organizational data  

SciTech Connect

The concept for Corporate computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided engineering (CAE)/geographical information systems (GIS) and engineering information (EI)/ information technology (IT), and the sharing of this information is becoming popular as organizations flatten (or perhaps become more hollow) and as their functions merge into processes. However, not much is known about information sharing: why sharing happens, whit it does not, how much sharing is desirable, and how to manage it. This paper takes a look at these important issues.

Norton, F.J.

1996-06-10

394

Information Technology Support in the 8000 Directorate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

My summer internship was spent supporting various projects within the Environmental Management Office and Glenn Safety Office. Mentored by Eli Abumeri, I was trained in areas of Information Technology such as: Servers, printers, scanners, CAD systems, Web, Programming, and Database Management, ODIN (networking, computers, and phones). I worked closely with the Chemical Sampling and Analysis Team (CSAT) to redesign a database to more efficiently manage and maintain data collected for the Drinking Water Program. This Program has been established for over fifteen years here at the Glenn Research Center. It involves the continued testing and retesting of all drinking water dispensers. The quality of the drinking water is of great importance and is determined by comparing the concentration of contaminants in the water with specifications set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its 1986 and 1991 amendments. The Drinking Water Program consists of periodic testing of all drinking water fountains and sinks. Each is tested at least once every 2 years for contaminants and naturally occurring species. The EPA's protocol is to collect an initial and a 5 minute draw from each dispenser. The 5 minute draw is what is used for the maximum contaminant level. However, the CS&AT has added a 30 second draw since most individuals do not run the water 5 minutes prior to drinking. This data is then entered into a relational Microsoft Access database. The database allows for the quick retrieval of any test@) done on any dispenser. The data can be queried by building number, date or test type, and test results are documented in an analytical report for employees to read. To aid with the tracking of recycled materials within the lab, my help was enlisted to create a database that could make this process less cumbersome and more efficient. The date of pickup, type of material, weight received, and unit cost per recyclable. This information could then calculate the dollar amount generated by the recycling of certain materials. This database will ultimately prove useful in determining the amounts of materials consumed by the lab and will help serve as an indicator potential overuse.

2004-01-01

395

On-line Technology Information System (OTIS): Solid Waste Management Technology Information Form (SWM TIF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contents include the following: What is OTIS? OTIS use. Proposed implementation method. Development history of the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Technology Information Form (TIF) and OTIS. Current development state of the SWM TIF and OTIS. Data collection approach. Information categories. Critiques/questions/feedback.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriguez, Luis

2003-01-01

396

Organizing the Information Management Process in Process-based Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the management of the information management process in process organizations. Throughout the 1990s there is evidence that some organizations have transformed themselves from functionally oriented to process-based entities. The information management process is critical in supporting a process enterprise and this study looks at how it may be organized. The study focuses on in-depth qualitative data that

Philip Seltsikas

2001-01-01

397

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Privacy,  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Privacy, Information Access & Management STATUS: Approved GUIDELINE TITLE: Information Security Incident Response GUIDELINE PURPOSE: The purpose of information security incident response is to: mitigate the effects caused by such an incident

Gering, Jon C.

398

The Federal Government and Information Technology Standards: Building the National Information Infrastructure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the development of the National Information Infrastructure (NII). Highlights include the standards process; voluntary standards; Open Systems Interconnection problems; Internet Protocol Suite; consortia; government's role; and network security. (16 references) (LRW)

Radack, Shirley M.

1994-01-01

399

Documentation of the Informed Consent Process  

E-print Network

Documentation of the Informed Consent Process USC Office for the Protection of Research Subjects (OPRS) #12;Session Overview Highlights: · Purpose of Informed Consent (IC) · IC Process #12;Purpose of Informed Consent Consent ("autonomy" from the Belmont Report) · Protects human subjects

Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

400

A Device for Logic Information Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two essential components of the information-logic problem are: (1) choosing some known part of the total information block for parallel review of the entire block and (2) parallel logic processing of a sequence of codes. The described device fulfills these essential components thereby improving information processing and increasing the speed of…

Levinskiy, L. S.; Vissonova, I. A.

401

Arctic Science and Technology Information System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of North America, the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database "contains over 46,000 records describing publications and research projects about northern Canada." This service, which has recently been made free with help from the Canadian Polar Commission, covers all of the major branches of science. The simple and advanced search features lead to citations of Canadian government and industry reports, journal articles, conference papers, theses, and books, from 1978 to present. Citations contain bibliographic information, an abstract, detailed subject and geographic terms, and a library symbol to aid in locating a publication. The database also holds close to 11,000 descriptions of research projects conducted in Canada's three northern territories (Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut) since 1974. Information about obtaining publications is provided at the search page.

402

Health Information Technology in Oncology Practice: A Literature Review  

PubMed Central

The adoption and implementation of information technology are dramatically remodeling healthcare services all over the world, resulting in an unstoppable and sometimes overwhelming process. After the introduction of the main elements of electronic health records and a description of what every cancer-care professional should be familiar with, we present a narrative review focusing on the current use of computerized clinical information and decision systems in oncology practice. Following a detailed analysis of the many coveted goals that oncologists have reached while embracing informatics progress, the authors suggest how to overcome the main obstacles for a complete physicians’ engagement and for a full information technology adoption, and try to forecast what the future holds. PMID:25506195

Fasola, G; Macerelli, M; Follador, A; Rihawi, K; Aprile, G; Mea, V Della

2014-01-01

403

Natural language processing-based COTS software and related technologies survey.  

SciTech Connect

Natural language processing-based knowledge management software, traditionally developed for security organizations, is now becoming commercially available. An informal survey was conducted to discover and examine current NLP and related technologies and potential applications for information retrieval, information extraction, summarization, categorization, terminology management, link analysis, and visualization for possible implementation at Sandia National Laboratories. This report documents our current understanding of the technologies, lists software vendors and their products, and identifies potential applications of these technologies.

Stickland, Michael G.; Conrad, Gregory N.; Eaton, Shelley M.

2003-09-01

404

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY USAGE BY NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS IN LOUISIANA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the use of information technology by nonprofit organizations in Louisiana. Over half of the respondents reported no organization-owned computers. Word processing software ranked as first in importance for the organizations' work. Accounting software was used by only 44 percent of respondents. Very few organizations used on-line banking or on-line purchasing. Annual dollar receipts were correlated with number

Karen M. Foust; Betty A. Kleen

405

New technologies and applications of EDM process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the Faculty of Machine Building from the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania unconventional technologies researches\\u000a were performed for 20 years. The team focused on national research projects referring to micro machining and special applications.\\u000a EDM process (Electric Discharge Machining) has a great importance to the industry. Even if it never be able to compete with\\u000a the metal cutting manufacturing

Marcel Sabin Popa; Glad Contiu; Grigore Pop; Preja Dan

2009-01-01

406

Audio processing technology for law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Air Force Research Laboratory Multi-Sensor Exploitation Branch (AFRL\\/IFEC) has been a Department of Defense leader in research and development (R&D) in speech and audio processing for over 25 years. Their primary thrust in these R&D areas has focused on developing technology to improve the collection, handling, identification, and intelligibility of military communication signals. The National Law Enforcement and Corrections

Sharon M. Walter; Maria Cofano; Roy J. Ratley

1999-01-01

407

Mathematics of Information Processing and the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mathematics of information processing and the Internet can be organized around four fundamental themes: (1) access (finding information easily); (2) security (keeping information confidential); (3) accuracy (ensuring accurate information); and (4) efficiency (data compression). In this article, the author discusses each theme with reference to…

Hart, Eric W.

2010-01-01

408

A preliminary study of current multimedia information technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper surveys more than 70 articles published in the IEEE Multimedia journal and other journals. The survey summarizes aspects of multimedia information technology and categorizes application areas of multimedia information technology and interesting research areas related to it.

Lee, J.C.

1997-03-01

409

Communication Defined as Complementary Informative Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given a set of requirements for a definition of communication, we can define a communication as information that enters a process and eventually leaves its inverse process. For example, information is transmitted by speak- ing and received after processing by its inverse, hearing. This definition can be used to precisely describe and explain communication phenomena in an inclusive and exact

Robert M. Losee

1999-01-01

410

Neurophysiological Factors in Human Information Processing Capacity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What determines how well an individual can manage the complexity of information processing demands when several tasks have to be executed simultaneously? Various theoretical frameworks address the mechanisms of information processing and the changes that take place when processes become automated, and brain regions involved in various types of…

Ramsey, Nick F.; Jansma, J. M.; Jager, G.; Van Raalten, T.; Kahn, R. S.

2004-01-01

411

Integrating the role of information technology in educational institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behind the creation of small thing to big things technology is required. Computer is not exceptional among the technological invention. Today is the world of computers. One cannot imagine a day without using a computer. The word Information technology is originated form computers. The impact of information technology is everywhere. We are discussing the needs, advantages and disadvantages of IT.

S. R. Veeranna; T. A. ElShheibia

2010-01-01

412

Techno-Human Mesh: The Growing Power of Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the intersection of information technologies, power, people, and bodies. It explores how information technologies are on a path of creating efficiency, productivity, profitability, surveillance, and control, and looks at the ways in which human-machine interface technologies, such as wearable computers, biometric technologies,…

West, Cynthia K.

413

Health information technology impact on productivity.  

PubMed

Managers work to achieve the greatest output for the least input effort, better balancing all factors of delivery to achieve the most with the smallest resource effort. Documentation of actual health information technology (HIT) cost savings has been elusive. Information technology and linear programming help to control hospital costs without harming service quality or staff morale. This study presents production function results from a study of hospital output during the period 2008-2011. The results suggest that productivity varies widely among the 58 hospitals as a function of staffing patterns, methods of organization, and the degree of reliance on information support systems. Financial incentives help to enhance productivity. Incentive pay for staff based on actual productivity gains is associated with improved productivity. HIT can enhance the marginal value product of nurses and staff, so that they concentrate their workday around patient care activities. The implementation of electronic health records (EHR) was associated with a 1.6 percent improvement in productivity. PMID:23971142

Eastaugh, Steven R

2012-01-01

414

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

415

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ TECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ TECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Adjunct Faculty Positions #T08-25 The Technology and Information Management Program within the Baskin School of EngineeringM), and the Management of Technology (MoT). The ToM area includes but is not limited to Knowledge Management, Information

California at Santa Cruz, University of

416

Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature Erik Brynjolfsson Shinkyu Yang for numerous valuable comments. #12;Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature Erik Brynjolfsson Shinkyu Yang Abstract During the 1980s, the relationship between information technology (IT

417

Information Technology Student: Technical & Network Support  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, youâ??ll learn about the wide range of jobs that are available to someone with a degree in information technology, or IT. Kennedy Symekher is studying technical and networking support in community college. He attends interviews at Microsoft and Boeing, and discovers how his IT skills can be applied in the working world. An IT specialist relies on technical and analytical skills to fix problems and also to create new software for the countless computers that run our world today.The video runs 4:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

418

[No exchange of information without technology : modern infrastructure in radiology].  

PubMed

Modern radiology cannot accomplish the daily numbers of examinations without supportive technology. Even though technology seems to be becoming increasingly more indispensable, business continuity should be ensured at any time and if necessary even with a limited technical infrastructure by business continuity management. An efficient information security management system forms the basis. The early radiology information systems were islands of information processing. A modern radiology department must be able to be modularly integrated into an informational network of a bigger organization. The secondary use of stored data for clinical decision-making support poses new challenges for the integrity of the data or systems because medical knowledge is displayed and provided in a context of treatment. In terms of imaging the creation and distribution radiology services work in a fully digital manner which is often different for radiology reports. Legally secure electronic diagnostic reports require a complex technical infrastructure; therefore, diagnostic findings still need to be filed as a paper document. The internal exchange and an improved dose management can be simplified by systems which continuously and automatically record the doses and thus provide the possibility of permanent analysis and reporting. Communication between patient and radiologist will gain ongoing importance. Intelligent use of technology will convey this to the radiologist and it will facilitate the understanding of the information by the patient. PMID:24402723

Hupperts, H; Hermann, K-G A

2014-01-01

419

Enhancing Clinical Teaching with Information Technologies: What Can We Do Right Now?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology can enhance clinical teaching in medicine by increasing the amount of relevant information available to learners, promoting rapid integration of information into the teaching encounter, facilitating information processing in small groups, and helping compensate for discontinuities inherent in the current clinical teaching…

Sandroni, Stephen

1997-01-01

420

Electronic processing of medical visual information.  

PubMed

The potential data base for electronic processing has recently been enlarged significantly to include static and dynamic visual information. Emergence of the videodisk and other technology now enables computer-assisted instruction to be audiovisual and audiovisual communication to be interactive. One consequence, now that audiovisual display has been wedded to computer systems, is that computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in many medical subjects should no longer be considered acceptable unless it includes pictorial data. Therefore, the computer scientist must now master the principles and become knowledgeable in the skills of audiovisual communication to cope successfully with the impending revolution in education and to make good use of the newly available technology. Similarly, in planning storage and retrieval systems, images must be considered as part of the data. This presentation traces the development of interactive multimedial self-instruction by describing the innovative functions that have appeared in equipment during the past 13 years culminating in the QuadraSync. The low cost of some of these devices encourages their adoption. PMID:6172531

Leveridge, L L

1981-01-01

421

Advanced Technology Composite Fuselage - Materials and Processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of Boeing's Advanced Technology Composite Aircraft Structures (ATCAS) program was to develop the technology required for cost and weight efficient use of composite materials in transport fuselage structure. This contractor report describes results of material and process selection, development, and characterization activities. Carbon fiber reinforced epoxy was chosen for fuselage skins and stiffening elements and for passenger and cargo floor structures. The automated fiber placement (AFP) process was selected for fabrication of monolithic and sandwich skin panels. Circumferential frames and window frames were braided and resin transfer molded (RTM'd). Pultrusion was selected for fabrication of floor beams and constant section stiffening elements. Drape forming was chosen for stringers and other stiffening elements. Significant development efforts were expended on the AFP, braiding, and RTM processes. Sandwich core materials and core edge close-out design concepts were evaluated. Autoclave cure processes were developed for stiffened skin and sandwich structures. The stiffness, strength, notch sensitivity, and bearing/bypass properties of fiber-placed skin materials and braided/RTM'd circumferential frame materials were characterized. The strength and durability of cocured and cobonded joints were evaluated. Impact damage resistance of stiffened skin and sandwich structures typical of fuselage panels was investigated. Fluid penetration and migration mechanisms for sandwich panels were studied.

Scholz, D. B.; Dost, E. F.; Flynn, B. W.; Ilcewicz, L. B.; Nelson, K. M.; Sawicki, A. J.; Walker, T. H.; Lakes, R. S.

1997-01-01

422

[Ethical reflection on multidisciplinarity and confidentiality of information in medical imaging through new information and communication technologies].  

PubMed

Technological advances in medical imaging has resulted in the exponential increase of the number of images per examination, caused the irreversible decline of the silver film and imposed digital imaging. This digitization is a concept whose levels of development are multiple, reflecting the complexity of this process of technological change. Under these conditions, the use of medical information via new information and communication technologies is at the crossroads of several scientific approaches and several disciplines (medicine, ethics, law, economics, psychology, etc.) surrounding the information systems in health, doctor-patient relationship and concepts that are associated. Each day, these new information and communication technologies open up new horizons and the space of possibilities, spectacularly developing access to information and knowledge. In this perspective of digital technology emergence impacting the multidisciplinary use of health information systems, the ethical questions are numerous, especially on the preservation of privacy, confidentiality and security of medical data, and their accessibility and integrity. PMID:22521872

Béranger, J; Le Coz, P

2012-05-01

423

The value of information technology in healthcare.  

PubMed

Not only will healthcare investments in information technology (IT) continue, they are sure to increase. Just as other industries learned over time how to extract more value from IT investments, so too will the healthcare industry, and for the same reason: because they must. This article explores the types of business value IT has generated in other industries, what value it can generate in healthcare, and some of the barriers encountered in achieving that value. The article ends with management principles for IT investment. PMID:12645778

Skinner, Richard I

2003-01-01

424

Global and Analytical Ways of Processing Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analytical thinkers process information sequentially, use induction and abstraction, and are objective. Global thinkers process simultaneously and are deductive, concrete, and subjective. The challenge is to match teaching to learners' strengths. (SK)

Flannery, Daniele D.

1993-01-01

425

25 CFR 543.20 - What are the minimum internal control standards for information technology and information...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? 543.20 Section 543.20 Indians...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? (a)...

2014-04-01

426

25 CFR 543.20 - What are the minimum internal control standards for information technology and information...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? 543.20 Section 543.20 Indians...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? (a)...

2013-04-01

427

IFP offers three new process technologies  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole is offering three new processing technologies for license, including one for isomerizing normal C[sub 4] olefins to isobutylene. The latter process, called ISO-4, provides an economically attractive way for refiners and ethylene manufacturers to convert fluid cat cracker and steam cracker C[sub 4] cuts to methyl tertiary butyl ether, says IFP. In ISO-4 units, the catalyst moves continuously down the reactor bed. When it reaches the bottom, it is removed from the reactor, regenerated, and returned to the top of the bed, all continuously. With a constant flow of fresh catalyst, operations can run several years without shutdown for catalyst regeneration, IFP claims. The ISO-4 catalyst is the same type as that used in IFP's octanizing process. The low attrition rate and thorough, continuous regeneration cycle of the Octanizing catalyst result in long service.

Not Available

1992-11-23

428

Improving Modern Cancer Care Through Information Technology  

PubMed Central

The cancer care system is increasingly complex, marked by multiple hand-offs between primary care and specialty providers, inadequate communication among providers, and lack of clarity about a “medical home” (the ideal accountable care provider) for cancer patients. Patients and families often cite such difficulties as information deficits, uncoordinated care, and insufficient psychosocial support. This article presents a review of the challenges of delivering well coordinated, patient-centered cancer care in a complex modern healthcare system. An examination is made of the potential role of information technology (IT) advances to help both providers and patients. Using the published literature as background, a review is provided of selected work that is underway to improve communication, coordination, and quality of care. Also discussed are additional challenges and opportunities to advancing understanding of how patient data, provider and patient involvement, and informatics innovations can support high-quality cancer care. PMID:21521595

Clauser, Steven B.; Wagner, Edward H.; Bowles, Erin J. Aiello; Tuzzio, Leah; Greene, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

429

Materials Science and Technology, Volume 17A, Processing of Ceramics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress in the processing of ceramics has made these materials very important for current and future technologies. Internationally renowned experts have contributed to this first of two volumes which provide a wealth of information indispensable for materials scientists and engineers. Contents of Volume A: Morrell: Microstructural Targets for Ceramics. De With: Process Control in the Manufacture of Ceramics. Schönert/Segal: Physical Preparation of Powders. Scarlett: Characterization of Powders. Bortzmeyer: Die Pressing and Isostatic Pressing. Rand: Slip Casting and Extrusion. Hellebrand: Tape Casting. Evans: Injection Molding. Bonekamp/Veringa: Green Microstructrues and their Characterization.

Brook, Richard J.

1996-12-01

430

Thermodynamics for separation-process technology  

SciTech Connect

When contemplating or designing a separation process, every chemical engineer at once recognizes the thermodynamic boundary conditions that must be satisfied: when a mixture is continuously processed to yield at least partially purified products, energy and mass must be conserved and work must be done. In his daily tasks, a chemical engineer uses thermodynamic concepts as tacit, almost subconscious, knowledge. Thus, qualitative thermodynamics significantly informs process conception at its most fundamental level. However, quantitative design requires detailed knowledge of thermodynamic relations and physical chemistry. Most process engineers, concerned with flow sheets and economics, cannot easily command that detailed knowledge and therefore it is advantageous for them to maintain close contact with those specialists who do. Quantitative chemical thermodynamics provides an opportunity to evaluate possible separation processes not only because it may give support to the process engineer`s bold imagination but also because, when coupled with molecular models, it can significantly reduce the experimental effort required to determine an optimum choice of process alternatives. Six examples are presented to indicate the application of thermodynamics for conventional and possible future separation processes.

Prausnitz, J.M.

1995-10-01

431

Field Assessment Screening Team (FAST) technology process and economics  

SciTech Connect

The Field Assessment Screening Team (FAST) is a concept of innovative site characterization technologies that have been integrated (1) to expedite the characterization process for hazardous and/or radioactive waste sites, (2) to optimize characterization quality, (3) reduce field time, and (4) to effect characterization cost reductions in the 60 to 80% range. The FAST technology is an integrated system of state-of-the-art components that collectively produce a process that ensures a lower cost, high-quality, real-time decision-making environmental field screening. The components of the integrated system are as follows: Intrusive sampling based on (but not limited to) ``push`` technology for surface, subsurface, and groundwater media sampling; A field mobile laboratory equipped to complement expected site contaminants; Computer-assisted design/geographic information system (CAD/GIS) data management with interactive three-dimensional graphics presentation capability; A global positioning system to determine sample coordinates; and A telecommunication linkup for data transmittal and receiving. Using the integrated components, the technology is designed to determine the horizontal and vertical extent of site soil and/or groundwater contamination with one mobilization of the field investigative team. The system allows the user to make informed field decisions concerning site investigation plans on a real-time basis, thus assuring minimum field time, minimum cost, and optimum data collection.

Nickelson, M.D.; Long, D.D. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1995-12-31

432

A Framework for the Utilization of Information Technology in Higher Education Admission Department  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Through an examination of the admission department at Miami University of Ohio and their use of information technology, a generalized framework for the use of information technology in university admissions is proposed. Design/methodology/approach: The paper was developed to start an introduction to the admission process and the role of…

McClea, Michael; Yen, David C.

2005-01-01

433

The Elaboration of a Model to Explain the Adoption of Information Technologies for Supply Chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technologies (ITs) are recognized critical for supply chain integration because ITs facilitate information interchanges, decision and process synchronization. But the integration of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to supply chains is difficult due to their limited technological capabilities. The objective of this work is to determine those factors affecting IT implementation among SMEs. To determine which factors of the

Pilar E. Arroyo; Jorge A. Ramirez; Victoria E. Erosa

2007-01-01

434

Voice-processing technologies--their application in telecommunications.  

PubMed Central

As the telecommunications industry evolves over the next decade to provide the products and services that people will desire, several key technologies will become commonplace. Two of these, automatic speech recognition and text-to-speech synthesis, will provide users with more freedom on when, where, and how they access information. While these technologies are currently in their infancy, their capabilities are rapidly increasing and their deployment in today's telephone network is expanding. The economic impact of just one application, the automation of operator services, is well over $100 million per year. Yet there still are many technical challenges that must be resolved before these technologies can be deployed ubiquitously in products and services throughout the worldwide telephone network. These challenges include: (i) High level of accuracy. The technology must be perceived by the user as highly accurate, robust, and reliable. (ii) Easy to use. Speech is only one of several possible input/output modalities for conveying information between a human and a machine, much like a computer terminal or Touch-Tone pad on a telephone. It is not the final product. Therefore, speech technologies must be hidden from the user. That is, the burden of using the technology must be on the technology itself. (iii) Quick prototyping and development of new products and services. The technology must support the creation of new products and services based on speech in an efficient and timely fashion. In this paper I present a vision of the voice-processing industry with a focus on the areas with the broadest base of user penetration: speech recognition, text-to-speech synthesis, natural language processing, and speaker recognition technologies. The current and future applications of these technologies in the telecommunications industry will be examined in terms of their strengths, limitations, and the degree to which user needs have been or have yet to be met. Although noteworthy gains have been made in areas with potentially small user bases and in the more mature speech-coding technologies, these subjects are outside the scope of this paper. Images Fig. 1 PMID:7479815

Wilpon, J G

1995-01-01

435

Voice-processing technologies--their application in telecommunications.  

PubMed

As the telecommunications industry evolves over the next decade to provide the products and services that people will desire, several key technologies will become commonplace. Two of these, automatic speech recognition and text-to-speech synthesis, will provide users with more freedom on when, where, and how they access information. While these technologies are currently in their infancy, their capabilities are rapidly increasing and their deployment in today's telephone network is expanding. The economic impact of just one application, the automation of operator services, is well over $100 million per year. Yet there still are many technical challenges that must be resolved before these technologies can be deployed ubiquitously in products and services throughout the worldwide telephone network. These challenges include: (i) High level of accuracy. The technology must be perceived by the user as highly accurate, robust, and reliable. (ii) Easy to use. Speech is only one of several possible input/output modalities for conveying information between a human and a machine, much like a computer terminal or Touch-Tone pad on a telephone. It is not the final product. Therefore, speech technologies must be hidden from the user. That is, the burden of using the technology must be on the technology itself. (iii) Quick prototyping and development of new products and services. The technology must support the creation of new products and services based on speech in an efficient and timely fashion. In this paper I present a vision of the voice-processing industry with a focus on the areas with the broadest base of user penetration: speech recognition, text-to-speech synthesis, natural language processing, and speaker recognition technologies. The current and future applications of these technologies in the telecommunications industry will be examined in terms of their strengths, limitations, and the degree to which user needs have been or have yet to be met. Although noteworthy gains have been made in areas with potentially small user bases and in the more mature speech-coding technologies, these subjects are outside the scope of this paper. PMID:7479815

Wilpon, J G

1995-10-24

436

Summary David Keil Information Technology and Society 11/12 David Keil Information Technology and Society 11/12 1  

E-print Network

technology, acting on itself, accelerate the rate of social change? David Keil Information Technology; IT changes social relationships and raises new ethical and legal problems #12;Summary David Keil Information David Keil Information Technology and Society 11/12 4 Topics 1. Technical background 2. Social, ethical

Keil, David M.

437

Innovation Value of Information Technology: Impact of Information Technology--Intensity on Innovation Capability and Firm Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though information technology adoptions have been always referred to as innovations in firms, much of the business value literature has concentrated on the tangible and immediately measurable impacts of information technology (IT) adoptions. This study aims to explore the impact of information technology investments on the innovativeness of a…

Ramamani, Mahesh Kumar

2010-01-01

438

Nanoscale particles in technological processes of beneficiation  

PubMed Central

Summary Background: Cavitation is a rather common and important effect in the processes of destruction of nano- and microscale particles in natural and technological processes. A possible cavitation disintegration of polymineral nano- and microparticles, which are placed into a liquid, as a result of the interaction of the particles with collapsed cavitation bubbles is considered. The emphasis is put on the cavitation processes on the interface between liquid and fine solid particles, which is suitable for the description of the real situations. Results: The results are illustrated for the minerals that are most abundant in gold ore. The bubbles are generated by shock loading of the liquid heated to the boiling temperature. Possibilities of cavitation separation of nano- and microscale monomineral fractions from polymineral nano- and microparticles and of the use of cavitation for beneficiation are demonstrated. Conclusion: The cavitation disintegration mechanism is important because the availability of high-grade deposits in the process of mining and production of noble metals is decreasing. This demands for an enhancement of the efficiency in developing low-grade deposits and in reprocessing ore dumps and tailings, which contain a certain amount of noble metals in the form of finely disseminated fractions. The cavitation processes occuring on the interface between liquid and fine solid particles are occasionally more effective than the bulk cavitation processes that were considered earlier. PMID:24778972

Adushkin, Vitaly V; Golub', Anatoly P

2014-01-01

439

An information Grid-based model for sharing water pollution control and prevention technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though water pollution control and prevention technologies have made a great progress, most polluting enterprises even have never heard of them, not to mention use them. So we design an technologies sharing model based on information Grid, and focus our discussion on the process of searching and invoking the wanted technologies with mobile agents.

Wang Minghu; Gao Zhenji; Xu Chunlian; Huang Haiming

2010-01-01

440

Formulating national information technology strategies: A preference ranking model using PROMETHEE method  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to define a national strategy model for information technology (IT) development in developing countries and to apply the model in a real case for Iran. The research is structured around a three-dimensional configuration of strategy development process. These dimensions are key technologies (a set of technology clusters which have high impact on the development

Amir Albadvi

2004-01-01

441

Healthcare Information Technology Infrastructures in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe some of the major healthcare information technology (IT) infrastructures in Turkey, namely, Sa?l?k-Net (Turkish for “Health-Net”), the Centralized Hospital Appointment System, the Basic Health Statistics Module, the Core Resources Management System, and the e-prescription system of the Social Security Institution. International collaboration projects that are integrated with Sa?l?k-Net are also briefly summarized. Methods The authors provide a survey of the some of the major healthcare IT infrastructures in Turkey. Results Sa?l?k-Net has two main components: the National Health Information System (NHIS) and the Family Medicine Information System (FMIS). The NHIS is a nation-wide infrastructure for sharing patients’ Electronic Health Records (EHRs). So far, EHRs of 78.9 million people have been created in the NHIS. Similarly, family medicine is operational in the whole country via FMIS. Centralized Hospital Appointment System enables the citizens to easily make appointments in healthcare providers. Basic Health Statistics Module is used for collecting information about the health status, risks and indicators across the country. Core Resources Management System speeds up the flow of information between the headquarters and Provincial Health Directorates. The e-prescription system is linked with Sa?l?k-Net and seamlessly integrated with the healthcare provider information systems. Finally, Turkey is involved in several international projects for experience sharing and disseminating national developments. Conclusion With the introduction of the “Health Transformation Program” in 2003, a number of successful healthcare IT infrastructures have been developed in Turkey. Currently, work is going on to enhance and further improve their functionality. PMID:24853036

Yuksel, M.; Ertürkmen, G. L.; Kabak, Y.; Namli, T.; Y?ld?z, M. H.; Ay, Y.; Ceyhan, B.; Hülür, Ü.; Öztürk, H.; Atbakan, E.

2014-01-01

442

Hydrocarbon Processing`s Advanced control and information systems `95  

SciTech Connect

This special report presents control strategies and information systems for most hydrocarbon processes and plants. Each summary (76 in all) contains information on application, control strategy, economics, commercial installations, and licensor. The processes include NGL recovery, alkylation, blending, catalytic reforming, caustic treating, cryogenic separation, delayed coking, fractionation, hydrocracking, hydrogen production, isomerization, lube oil extraction, oil transport and storage, pipeline management, information management, sulfur recovery, waste water treatments, and others.

NONE

1995-09-01

443

Page 1 of 2 Policy Name: Information Technology (IT) Security  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 2 Policy Name: Information Technology (IT) Security Originating/Responsible Department Information Officer (CIO) Policy: Information Technology (IT) Security Purpose: The purpose of this Policy is to outline Carleton University's approach to campus- wide IT security for networks, enterprise information

Carleton University

444

An Expert System Approach to Underwater Acoustic Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expert System Technology, an area of Artificial Intelligence, has been increasingly proposed as a vehicle for automation in a number of diverse areas such as continuous speech understanding, computer configuration, medical diagnosis, and the planning of genetic experiments. This paper discusses an effort to demonstrate an expert system based control structure for information processing in the realm of underwater acoustic

Curtis L. Goodhart; John A. Roese; S. Joe McCarthy

1985-01-01

445

Potential of information technology in dental education.  

PubMed

The use of information technology (IT) in dentistry is far ranging. In order to produce a working document for the dental educator, this paper focuses on those methods where IT can assist in the education and competence development of dental students and dentists (e.g. e-learning, distance learning, simulations and computer-based assessment). Web pages and other information-gathering devices have become an essential part of our daily life, as they provide extensive information on all aspects of our society. This is mirrored in dental education where there are many different tools available, as listed in this report. IT offers added value to traditional teaching methods and examples are provided. In spite of the continuing debate on the learning effectiveness of e-learning applications, students request such approaches as an adjunct to the traditional delivery of learning materials. Faculty require support to enable them to effectively use the technology to the benefit of their students. This support should be provided by the institution and it is suggested that, where possible, institutions should appoint an e-learning champion with good interpersonal skills to support and encourage faculty change. From a global prospective, all students and faculty should have access to e-learning tools. This report encourages open access to e-learning material, platforms and programs. The quality of such learning materials must have well defined learning objectives and involve peer review to ensure content validity, accuracy, currency, the use of evidence-based data and the use of best practices. To ensure that the developers' intellectual rights are protected, the original content needs to be secure from unauthorized changes. Strategies and recommendations on how to improve the quality of e-learning are outlined. In the area of assessment, traditional examination schemes can be enriched by IT, whilst the Internet can provide many innovative approaches. Future trends in IT will evolve around improved uptake and access facilitated by the technology (hardware and software). The use of Web 2.0 shows considerable promise and this may have implications on a global level. For example, the one-laptop-per-child project is the best example of what Web 2.0 can do: minimal use of hardware to maximize use of the Internet structure. In essence, simple technology can overcome many of the barriers to learning. IT will always remain exciting, as it is always changing and the users, whether dental students, educators or patients are like chameleons adapting to the ever-changing landscape. PMID:18289271

Mattheos, N; Stefanovic, N; Apse, P; Attstrom, R; Buchanan, J; Brown, P; Camilleri, A; Care, R; Fabrikant, E; Gundersen, S; Honkala, S; Johnson, L; Jonas, I; Kavadella, A; Moreira, J; Peroz, I; Perryer, D G; Seemann, R; Tansy, M; Thomas, H F; Tsuruta, J; Uribe, S; Urtane, I; Walsh, T F; Zimmerman, J; Walmsley, A D

2008-02-01

446

Distributive Distillation Enabled by Microchannel Process Technology  

SciTech Connect

The application of microchannel technology for distributive distillation was studied to achieve the Grand Challenge goals of 25% energy savings and 10% return on investment. In Task 1, a detailed study was conducted and two distillation systems were identified that would meet the Grand Challenge goals if the microchannel distillation technology was used. Material and heat balance calculations were performed to develop process flow sheet designs for the two distillation systems in Task 2. The process designs were focused on two methods of integrating the microchannel technology â?? 1) Integrating microchannel distillation to an existing conventional column, 2) Microchannel distillation for new plants. A design concept for a modular microchannel distillation unit was developed in Task 3. In Task 4, Ultrasonic Additive Machining (UAM) was evaluated as a manufacturing method for microchannel distillation units. However, it was found that a significant development work would be required to develop process parameters to use UAM for commercial distillation manufacturing. Two alternate manufacturing methods were explored. Both manufacturing approaches were experimentally tested to confirm their validity. The conceptual design of the microchannel distillation unit (Task 3) was combined with the manufacturing methods developed in Task 4 and flowsheet designs in Task 2 to estimate the cost of the microchannel distillation unit and this was compared to a conventional distillation column. The best results were for a methanol-water separation unit for the use in a biodiesel facility. For this application microchannel distillation was found to be more cost effective than conventional system and capable of meeting the DOE Grand Challenge performance requirements.

Arora, Ravi

2013-01-22

447

Mind and information processing: some considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is devoted to the problem of relations between abilities of human mind and automatical information processing. Here we can use the notion of artificial inteligence as the abbrevation of information processing realized by mechanical devices. For the purpose of an analysis of the mentioned problem some classical notions and arguments from computer science are presented.

Jerzy Mycka

448

Banner Job Installation Security Form Office of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Banner Job Installation Security Form Office of Information Technology 424 Roy S. Nicks Hall, Box: _____________________________ Section 2. Job Information Programming Request Number: ______________________________ Job Name: ______________________________ Job Description: ______________________________ Section 3. Security Information Banner Module

Karsai, Istvan

449

Secured Information Flow for Asynchronous Sequential Processes  

E-print Network

Secured Information Flow for Asynchronous Sequential Processes Isabelle Attali, Denis Caromel for unauthorized information flows. As a final result, all authorized communication paths are secure: no disclosure a new issue in data confidentiality: authorization of secured information flow transiting (by the mean

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

77 FR 6825 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2012-02-09

451

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

2010-01-01

452

76 FR 18800 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-04-05

453

77 FR 43106 - Tribal Consultation Sessions-Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure Consolidation...tribal input on the 2012 Information Technology transformation realignment proposal as well as on how Information Technology transformation should...

2012-07-23

454

Standards Advisor-Advanced Information Technology for Advanced Information Delivery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Developers of space systems must deal with an increasing amount of information in responding to extensive requirements and standards from numerous sources. Accessing these requirements and standards, understanding them, comparing them, negotiating them and responding to them is often an overwhelming task. There are resources to aid the space systems developer, such as lessons learned and best practices. Again, though, accessing, understanding, and using this information is often more difficult than helpful. This results in space systems that: 1. Do not meet all their requirements. 2. Do not incorporate prior engineering experience. 3. Cost more to develop. 4. Take longer to develop. The NASA Technical Standards Program (NTSP) web site at http://standards.nasa.gov has made significant improvements in making standards, lessons learned, and related material available to space systems developers agency-wide. The Standards Advisor was conceived to take the next steps beyond the current product, continuing to apply evolving information technology that continues to improve information delivery to space systems developers. This report describes the features of the Standards Advisor and suggests a technical approach to its development.

Hawker, J. Scott

2003-01-01

455

Using CASE to Exploit Process Modeling in Technology Transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A successful business will be one that has processes in place to run that business. Creating processes, reengineering processes, and continually improving processes can be accomplished through extensive modeling. Casewise(R) Corporate Modeler(TM) CASE is a computer aided software engineering tool that will enable the Technology Transfer Department (TT) at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to capture these abilities. After successful implementation of CASE, it could then go on to be applied in other departments at MSFC and other centers at NASA. The success of a business process is dependent upon the players working as a team and continuously improving the process. A good process fosters customer satisfaction as well as internal satisfaction in the organizational infrastructure. CASE provides a method for business process success through functions consisting of systems and processes business models; specialized diagrams; matrix management; simulation; report generation and publishing; and, linking, importing, and exporting documents and files. The software has an underlying repository or database to support these functions. The Casewise. manual informs us that dynamics modeling is a technique used in business design and analysis. Feedback is used as a tool for the end users and generates different ways of dealing with the process. Feedback on this project resulted from collection of issues through a systems analyst interface approach of interviews with process coordinators and Technical Points of Contact (TPOCs).

Renz-Olar, Cheryl

2003-01-01

456

Information and Communication Technology and Education: Analysing the Nigerian National Policy for Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an analysis of the Nigerian National Policy for Information Technology. The analysis reveals that the policy is inadequate to impact positively on the Nigerian education system, and that the philosophical frame of reference is market driven. The policy places little emphasis on the integration and infusion of ICT in the…

Yusuf, Mudasiru Olalere

2005-01-01

457

Information technology in secondary schools and its impact on training information technology teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are concerns about the teaching and learning of information technology (IT) in English state secondary schools (ages 11-18 years), and the way IT resources and the curriculum are organised. These circumstances affect students who are training to be IT teachers when they are on teaching placement in secondary schools. They may find that the curriculum model used in one

Roger Crawford

2000-01-01

458

Be ITThe Office of Information Technology 2011-12 Annual Report  

E-print Network

and Consulting; Shared Services; Security and Compliance; and Technology Support Services. Our Vision planning process to improve the use of information technology as a driver for change. Phase I Strategic IT Plan. The three-phase strategic planning process is another significant step in OIT's efforts

Liu, Paul

459

Be ITThe Office of Information Technology 2011-12 Annual Report  

E-print Network

and Consulting; Shared Services; Security and Compliance; and Technology Support Services. Our Vision-phase strategic planning process to improve the use of information technology as a driver for change. Phase I Strategic IT Plan. The three-phase strategic planning process is another significant step in OIT's efforts

Liu, Paul

460

The space technology demand on materials and processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space technology requires a rational and accurate policy of materials and processes selection. This paper examines some areas of space technology where materials and process problems have occurred in the past and how they can be solved in the future.

Dauphin, J.

1983-01-01

461

College of Charleston Policy In Information Technology General Policy Manual  

E-print Network

.0 Purpose 2.0 Definitions 3.0 Exclusions 4.0 Funds for Developing New Technology Classrooms 5.0 Support 6.0 Funds for Maintaining Technology Classrooms 7.0 Process for Requesting a New Technology Classroom 8.1 There is no single process or timetable for allocating funds for new technology classrooms because the sources

Kasman, Alex

462

Processing Information in Graphical Form.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory, descriptive study was to examine how children process different tasks of comprehension presented in graphical form. During the Spring 1981, 8 fourth graders and 9 seventh graders were interviewed. The children were presented with graphs accompanied by six questions reflecting three levels of comprehension: "reading…

Curcio, Frances R.; Smith-Burke, M. Trika

463

A Process Map For State-Wide Engineering Technology/Manufacturing Technology Curriculum Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the period of three years, FLATE, the National Science Foundation-funded Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing, has undertaken reform of Florida's Associate in Science (A.S.) and Associate of Applied Science (A.A.S.) degrees associated with manufacturing and related technologies. This reform has resulted in a statewide degree in Engineering Technology with a common technology core, based on a national certification, and five specialization tracks to meet local needs. There are a number of benefits to this change or consolidation of Engineering Technology 2-year programs in Florida. These include: 1) A degree program that meets manufacturers skills and knowledge competencies related to foundational skills in engineering technology. 2) All Community Colleges in the State can market jointly to students and industry employers with a common degree program and certification; 3) Completion of the common technology core creates a portable completion point that allows students to transfer within the community college system to an institution with their desired specialization; 4) The national certification utilized, MSSC's Certified Production Technician (CPT), assesses a student/workers foundational skill and knowledge in four broad areas common to all manufacturing sectors: Manufacturing Processes and Production; Quality Assurance; Maintenance Awareness; and Safety. This certification is portable across manufacturing sectors and has been defined by industry; 5) Selecting the MSSC competencies to inform and anchor the curricular frameworks of the degree core allows currency, precision, relevance and abundant competencies; and, 6) The utilization of a national certification to inform the as a curricular framework common technology core has enabled the creation of a statewide articulation pathway from the secondary system, technical schools and incumbent worker training programs into the new degree. The multi-year process through which FLATE worked to outline, analyze, evaluate, and change the statewide system based on national standards and assessments, as well as students abilities and needs required engagement of essential stakeholders through out the state, including but not limited to: Florida's Community Colleges, Florida Department of Education, Manufacturers, Workforce Florida, State and Regional Manufacturers Associations, and Economic Developers. Presented herein is the process map for facilitating this reform via review of existing frameworks, coordinating the statewide curriculum team, hosting workshops, soliciting industry input, selection of national certification, developing the new frameworks for the engineering technology core courses, and institutionalization within the Department of Education. The process for conducting this reform could be applied to any technical career cluster to facilitate relevant degree programs and articulation pathways.

Barger, Marilyn

464

Internet of things technology applied in medical information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet of things technology used in medical information is adopt in this paper. Firstly the structure feature of internet of things technology is researched .Then analyzing the development of EPC System Network, especially Internet of things technology applied in medical information. Therefore the remote consultation System based on internet of things is adopted ,it is helpful to solve the area

Yan-Wei Wang; Hui-Li Yu; Ya Li

2011-01-01

465

Feedback Relationships between New Technology Use and Information Networks  

E-print Network

Feedback Relationships between New Technology Use and Information Networks: Evidence from Ghana;1 Introduction The introduction of new technologies into farming communities in develop- ing countries has. But farmers interested in using a new technology may not possess all of the relevant information about

Krivobokova, Tatyana

466

Technology & Information Management Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014  

E-print Network

Technology & Information Management Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014 http 11B or 19B TIM 105 Management of Technology I · ISM 50 or perm. of instructor Entry Level Writing Requirement TIM 158 Business Strategy & Information Systems · ISM 105 TIM 125 Management of Technology II

Stuart, Josh

467

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

468

Value Addition in Information Technology and Literacy: An Empirical Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research is to analyze the value addition in students' information communication and technology (ICT) literacy level and confidence in using technology after completing a general education information technology course at a four-year university. An online survey was created to examine students' perceptions. The findings revealed…

Sanghera, Kamaljeet K.

2009-01-01

469

Technological visions for social change - information technology, telework, and the integration of disabled persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visions involving technology has become common at all levels in society, from governmental plans to individual dreams of self-realisation. The visions especially flourish around new technology like information technology, and the technology is seen as a solution to various sorts of non-technical problems. The paper studies the role technology plays in social visions. It focuses on visions around integration of

Trond Buland; T. Dahl

2000-01-01

470

The Information Processing Consequences of Receiver Apprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses receiver apprehension, an information processing syndrome, in the context of counterattitudinal advocacy. Receiver apprehension was conceptualized as a trait anxiety associated with misinterpreting, inadequately processing, and/or being unable to adjust to incoming messages. This processing anxiety suggested cognitive rigidity…

Preiss, Raymond W.; Rindo, John

471

Mapping individual logical processes in information searching  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interactive dialog with a computerized information collection was recorded and plotted in the form of a flow chart. The process permits one to identify the logical processes employed in considerable detail and is therefore suggested as a tool for measuring individual thought processes in a variety of situations. A sample of an actual test case is given.

Smetana, F. O.

1974-01-01

472

Technology Demonstration Summary Site Program Demonstration Test Soliditech Inc Solidification-stabilization Process  

EPA Science Inventory

The major objective of the Soliditech, Inc., SITE demonstration was to develop reliable performance and cost information about the Soliditech solidification, stabilization technology. The Soliditech process mixes hazardous waste materials with Portland cement or pozzolanic m...

473

Information technology and the board of directors.  

PubMed

Ever since the Y2K scare, boards have grown increasingly nervous about corporate dependence on information technology. Since then, computer crashes, denial of service attacks, competitive pressures, and the need to automate compliance with government regulations have heightened board sensitivity to IT risk. Unfortunately, most boards remain largely in the dark when it comes to IT spending and strategy, despite the fact that corporate information assets can account for more than 50% of capital spending. A lack of board oversight for IT activities is dangerous, the authors say. It puts firms at risk in the same way that failing to audit their books would. Companies that have established board-level IT governance committees are better able to control IT project costs and carve out competitive advantage. But there is no one-size-fits-all model for board supervision of a company's IT operations. The correct approach depends on what strategic "mode" a company is in whether its operations are extremely dependent on IT or not, and whether or not it relies heavily on keeping up with the latest technologies. This article spells out the conditions under which boards need to change their level of involvement in IT decisions, explaining how members can recognize their firms' IT risks and decide whether they should pursue more aggressive IT governance. The authors delineate what an IT governance committee should look like in terms of charter, membership, duties, and overall agenda. They also offer recommendations for developing IT policies that take into account an organization's operational and strategic needs and suggest what to do when those needs change. Given the dizzying pace of change in the world of IT, boards can't afford to ignore the state of their IT systems and capabilities. Appropriate board governance can go a long way toward helping a company avoid unnecessary risk and improve its competitive position. PMID:16250628

Nolan, Richard; McFarlan, F Warren

2005-10-01

474

Engineering and information technology: Using imaging to reengineer business  

SciTech Connect

Image processing can be a great asset to business process reengineering. This paper examines image processing`s impact on workflow and attempts to list the questions that should be addressed before imaging technology is introduced.

Norton, F.J.

1996-06-10

475

Texaco gasification process: Innovative technology evaluation report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the evaluation of the Texaco Gasification Process (TGP) conducted under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program. The TGP is a commercial gasification process which converts organic materials into syngas, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The feed reacts with a limited amount of oxygen (partial oxidaton) in a refractory-lined reactor at temperatures between 2,200 degrees and 2,650 degrees F and at pressures above 250 pounds per square inch gauge (psig). Texaco reports that the syngas can be processed into high-purity hydrogen, ammonia, methanol, and other chemicals, as well as clean fuel for electric power. The TGP was evaluated under the EPA SITE Program in January 1994 at Texaco`s Montebello Research Laboratory (MRL) in South El Monte, California, located in the greater Los Angeles area. The Demonstration used a soil feed mixture consisting of approximately 20 weight-percent waste soil from the Purity Oil Sales Superfund Site, Fresno, California and 80 weight-percent clean soil. The slurry included coal as a support fuel and was spiked with lead and barium compounds (inorganic heavy metals) and chlorobenzene (volatile organic compound) as the Principal Organic Hazardous Constituent (POHC).

NONE

1995-07-01

476

Harvard University Information Technology Applicaton for Email Account Extension  

E-print Network

Harvard University Information Technology Applicaton for Email Account Extension Return To: Phone: 617-495-9000 / Fax: 888-316-3492 Email: accounts@fas.harvard.edu Section A: Applicant Information Department: Date: Phone: Extension End Date: Harvard University Information Technology Current email on FAS

Wolfe, Patrick J.

477

Three Essays on Information Technology Security Management in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing complexity and sophistication of ever evolving information technologies has spurred unique and unprecedented challenges for organizations to protect their information assets. Companies suffer significant financial and reputational damage due to ineffective information technology security management, which has extensively been shown to…

Gupta, Manish

2011-01-01

478

Information Technology Architectures. New Opportunities for Partnering, CAUSE94. Track VI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers are presented from the 1994 CAUSE conference track on information technology architectures as applied to higher education institutions. The papers include: (1) "Reshaping the Enterprise: Building the Next Generation of Information Systems Through Information Architecture and Processing Reengineering," which notes developments at the…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

479

Information Technology and Community Restoration Studies/Task 1: Information Technology  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary The Interagency Biological Restoration Demonstration—a program jointly funded by the Department of Defense's Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) Science and Technology Directorate—is developing policies, methods, plans, and applied technologies to restore large urban areas, critical infrastructures, and Department of Defense installations following the intentional release of a biological agent (anthrax) by terrorists. There is a perception that there should be a common system that can share information both vertically and horizontally amongst participating organizations as well as support analyses. A key question is: "How far away from this are we?" As part of this program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted research to identify the current information technology tools that would be used by organizations in the greater Seattle urban area in such a scenario, to define criteria for use in evaluating information technology tools, and to identify current gaps. Researchers interviewed 28 individuals representing 25 agencies in civilian and military organizations to identify the tools they currently use to capture data needed to support operations and decision making. The organizations can be grouped into five broad categories: defense (Department of Defense), environmental/ecological (Environmental Protection Agency/Ecology), public health and medical services, emergency management, and critical infrastructure. The types of information that would be communicated in a biological terrorism incident include critical infrastructure and resource status, safety and protection information, laboratory test results, and general emergency information. The most commonly used tools are WebEOC (web-enabled crisis information management systems with real-time information sharing), mass notification software, resource tracking software, and NW WARN (web-based information to protect critical infrastructure systems). It appears that the current information management tools are used primarily for information gathering and sharing—not decision making. Respondents identified the following criteria for a future software system. It is easy to learn, updates information in real time, works with all agencies, is secure, uses a visualization or geographic information system feature, enables varying permission levels, flows information from one stage to another, works with other databases, feeds decision support tools, is compliant with appropriate standards, and is reasonably priced. Current tools have security issues, lack visual/mapping functions and critical infrastructure status, and do not integrate with other tools. It is clear that there is a need for an integrated, common operating system. The system would need to be accessible by all the organizations that would have a role in managing an anthrax incident to enable regional decision making. The most useful tool would feature a GIS visualization that would allow for a common operating picture that is updated in real time. To capitalize on information gained from the interviews, the following activities are recommended: • Rate emergency management decision tools against the criteria specified by the interviewees. • Identify and analyze other current activities focused on information sharing in the greater Seattle urban area. • Identify and analyze information sharing systems/tools used in other regions.

Upton, Jaki F.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Stein, Steven L.

2009-11-19

480

Construction in year 2030: developing an information technology vision.  

PubMed

Emerging technologies offer new solutions to the construction industry, improving processes, enabling automation and effective decision-making mechanisms and changing current ways of work. Previous research has tended to consider a direct causal relationship between the emerging and prospective technologies and the future of construction. However, the future of construction will be influenced not only by the developments in the information technology (IT) industry, but also by other technological changes. Societal, economic, environmental and political factors will shape the future, together with emerging technologies. This paper presents a scenario-planning exercise that aimed to identify possible futures that the construction industry might face. In order to achieve the aims of the research, a literature review was carried out on scenario planning and future studies related to construction and construction IT, which was followed by a mini survey and two prospective workshops as part of the La Prospective scenario-planning approach. In a future study, it is important to understand the forces, issues and trends in order to inform and enable further thinking and action towards achieving a preferred future state whilst being prepared for what might be round the corner. Therefore, the paper first investigates the driving forces of change, main trends, issues and factors that might shape the future, focusing on factors related to society, technology, environment, economy and politics. Secondly, four future scenarios that were developed keeping these factors in mind are presented. The scenarios start from a global view and present the images of the future world in year 2030. They later focus on the construction industry, imagining how it will be shaped by the future world and trying to visualize the information and communication technology implications for construction. Finally, a preferred future scenario for 2030 is introduced based on the principle that the future can be influenced if we know what we want it to be. Focusing mainly on the IT vision, the paper concludes with recommendations in the areas related to innovation, communication and collaboration, education and training, process improvement, interoperability, user-centred IT and sustainability, in order to reach the desired state determined by the vision. PMID:20603367

Erdogan, B; Abbott, C; Aouad, G

2010-08-13

481

Software engineering technology transfer: Understanding the process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology transfer is of crucial concern to both government and industry today. In this report, the mechanisms developed by NASA to transfer technology are explored and the actual mechanisms used to transfer software development technologies are investigated. Time, cost, and effectiveness of software engineering technology transfer is reported.

Zelkowitz, Marvin V.

1993-01-01

482

Occurrence reporting and processing of operations information  

SciTech Connect

DOE O 232.1A, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information, and 10 CFR 830.350, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (when it becomes effective), along with this manual, set forth occurrence reporting requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements and contractors responsible for the management and operation of DOE-owned and -leased facilities. These requirements include categorization of occurrences related to safety, security, environment, health, or operations (``Reportable Occurrences``); DOE notification of these occurrences; and the development and submission of documented follow-up reports. This Manual provides detailed information for categorizing and reporting occurrences at DOE facilities. Information gathered by the Occurrence Reporting and processing System is used for analysis of the Department`s performance in environmental protection, safeguards and security, and safety and health of its workers and the public. This information is also used to develop lessons learned and document events that significantly impact DOE operations.

NONE

1997-07-21

483

The research on image processing technology of the star tracker  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the core of visual sensitivity via imaging, image processing technology, especially for star tracker, is mainly characterized by such items as image exposure, optimal storage, background estimation, feature correction, target extraction, iteration compensation. This paper firstly summarizes the new research on those items at home and abroad, then, according to star tracker's practical engineering, environment in orbit and lifetime information, shows an architecture about rapid fusion between multiple frame images, which can be used to restrain oversaturation of the effective pixels, which means star tracker can be made more precise, more robust and more stable.

Li, Yu-ming; Li, Chun-jiang; Zheng, Ran; Li, Xiao; Yang, Jun

2014-11-01

484

Industrial and agricultural process heat information user study  

SciTech Connect

The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar industrial and agricultural process heat (IAPH) are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 10 IAPH groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: IPH Researchers; APH Researchers; Representatives of Manufacturers of Concentrating and Nonconcentrating Collectors; Plant, Industrial, and Agricultural Engineers; Educators; Representatives of State Agricultural Offices; and County Extension Agents.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01

485

Process control systems: integrated for future process technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Process Control Systems (PCS) are becoming more crucial to the success of Integrated Circuit makers due to their direct impact on product quality, cost, and Fab output. The primary objective of PCS is to minimize variability by detecting and correcting non optimal performance. Current PCS implementations are considered disparate, where each PCS application is designed, deployed and supported separately. Each implementation targets a specific area of control such as equipment performance, wafer manufacturing, and process health monitoring. With Intel entering the nanometer technology era, tighter process specifications are required for higher yields and lower cost. This requires areas of control to be tightly coupled and integrated to achieve the optimal performance. This requirement can be achieved via consistent design and deployment of the integrated PCS. PCS integration will result in several benefits such as leveraging commonalities, avoiding redundancy, and facilitating sharing between implementations. This paper will address PCS implementations and focus on benefits and requirements of the integrated PCS. Intel integrated PCS Architecture will be then presented and its components will be briefly discussed. Finally, industry direction and efforts to standardize PCS interfaces that enable PCS integration will be presented.

Botros, Youssry; Hajj, Hazem M.

2003-06-01

486

Information Processing in Cognition Process and New Artificial Intelligent Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter, we discuss, in depth, visual information processing and a new artificial intelligent (AI) system that is based upon cognitive mechanisms. The relationship between a general model of intelligent systems and cognitive mechanisms is described, and in particular we explore visual information processing with selective attention. We also discuss a methodology for studying the new AI system and propose some important basic research issues that have emerged in the intersecting fields of cognitive science and information science. To this end, a new scheme for associative memory and a new architecture for an AI system with attractors of chaos are addressed.

Zheng, Nanning; Xue, Jianru

487

Forms and processes of information systems evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way in which software evolves over time has been much studied and is now fairly well-understood. What has been less thoroughly studied are the processes by which information systems - containing software as one component, but also with significant human and organisational aspects - evolve. In many organisations, few information systems are built at all from scratch, but rather

Magnus Ramage

488

The standards process: X3 information processing systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The topics are presented in viewgraph form and include the following: International Organization for Standards (ISO); International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC); ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC-1); U.S. interface to JTC-1; ANSI; national organizations; U.S. standards development processes; national and international standards developing organizations; regional organizations; and X3 information processing systems.

Emard, Jean-Paul

1993-01-01

489

Image processing technologies for the Russian space satellite CANOPUS-V Nr.1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper provides an overview of the terrain survey realized on the base of the Russian small space vehicle (SV) "Canopus-V". The on-ground information technology for the SV's data processing is considered. The suggested technology includes the primary processing of the telemetric stream data, cataloguing of survey routs and forming output information products on different standard levels. The paper does briefly describe the algorithms of cloud object detection and navigation measurement processing. Besides, the paper describes the types of output information products distributed to consumers.

Eremeev, V.; Ermakov, V.; Kuznetcov, A.; Nikonov, O.; Pobaruev, Vyacheslav; Poshekhonov, V.

2014-10-01

490

Awareness of technology-induced errors and processes for identifying and preventing such errors.  

PubMed

There is a need to determine if organizations working with health information technology are aware of technology-induced errors and how they are addressing and preventing them. The purpose of this study was to: a) determine the degree of technology-induced error awareness in various Canadian healthcare organizations, and b) identify those processes and procedures that are currently in place to help address, manage, and prevent technology-induced errors. We identified a lack of technology-induced error awareness among participants. Participants identified there was a lack of well-defined procedures in place for reporting technology-induced errors, addressing them when they arise, and preventing them. PMID:25676948

Bellwood, Paule; Borycki, Elizabeth M; Kushniruk, Andre W

2015-01-01

491

Integration of Workflow and Agent Technology for Business Process Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both workflow and agent technology have recently been applied to business process management. The integration of these two technologies will definitely provide solutions to the problems not to be solved by any of them. This paper summaries the capabilities of these two technologies and discusses the forms and their benefits of integrating them for business process management. Generally, agent enhanced

Yuhong Yan; Zakaria Maamar; Weiming Shen

2001-01-01

492

TECHNOLOGY SUMMARY ADVANCING TANK WASTE RETRIEVAL AND PROCESSING  

SciTech Connect

This technology overview provides a high-level summary of technologies being investigated and developed by Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to advance Hanford Site tank waste retrieval and processing. Technology solutions are outlined, along with processes and priorities for selecting and developing them.

SAMS TL; MENDOZA RE

2010-08-11

493

Selection of informative parameters of vibroacoustic processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The problem of selecting informative parameters of vibro-acoustic processes and the construction of apparatus for their determination are discussed. It is assumed that the processes being investigated are structurally uniform and either purely random or contain not very many determinative components.

Koshek, L. N.

1973-01-01

494

Financial Markets: Very Noisy Information Processing  

E-print Network

. In financial markets, this provides a benchmark for the target performance given a set of data. We alsoFinancial Markets: Very Noisy Information Processing MALIK MAGDON-ISMAIL, ALEXANDER NICHOLSON processing with application to financial markets. These results quantify the tradeoff between the amount

Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

495

The influence of information technology on patient-physician relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpersonal relationships and information are intertwined as essential cornerstones of health care. Although information\\u000a technology (IT) has done much to advance medicine, we are not even close to realizing its full potential. Indeed, issues related\\u000a to mismanaging health information often undermine relationship-centered care. Information technology must be implemented in\\u000a ways that preserve and uplift relationships in care, while accommodating major

Michael Weiner; Paul Biondich

2006-01-01

496

Medical Information & Technology: Rapidly Expanding Vast Horizons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During ÑMedical Council Of India?, Platinum Jubilee Year (1933-2008) Celebrations, In Year 2008, Several Scientific Meeting/Seminar/Symposium, On Various Topics Of Contemporary Importance And Relevance In The Field Of ÑMedical Education And Ethics?, Were Organized, By Different Medical Colleges At Various Local, State, National Levels. The Present Discussion, Is An Comprehensive Summary Of Various Different Aspects of ìMedical Information Communication Technologyî, Especially UseFul For The Audience Stratum Group Of Those Amateur Medical & Paramedical Staff, With No Previous Work Experience Knowledge Of Computronics Applications. Outlining The, i.Administration Applications: Medical Records Etc, ii. Clinical Applications: Pros pective Scope Of TeleMedicine Applicabilities Etc iii. Other Applications: Efforts To Augment Improvement Of Medical Education, Medical Presentations, Medical Education And Research Etc. ÑMedical Trancription? & Related Recent Study Fields e.g ÑModern Pharmaceuticals?,ÑBio-Engineering?, ÑBio-Mechanics?, ÑBio-Technology? Etc., Along With Important Aspects Of Computers-General Considerations, Computer Ergonomics Assembled To Summarize, The AwareNess Regarding Basic Fundamentals Of Medical Computronics & Its Practically SuccessFul Utilities.

Sahni, Anil K.

2012-12-01

497

Technology for a Purpose: Technology for Information Problem-Solving with the Big6[R].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the Big6 model of information problem solving as a conceptual framework for learning and teaching information and technology skills. Highlights include information skills; examples of integrating technology in Big6 contexts; and the Big6 and the Internet, including email, listservs, chat, Web browsers, search engines, portals, Web…

Eisenberg, Mike B

2003-01-01

498

UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY  

E-print Network

technology plays in the University's missions and related administrative activities as well as the importance.................................................................................................... 3 A. Academic Freedom

Portman, Douglas

499

Decision Gate Process for Assessment of a Technology Development Portfolio  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Dust Management Project (DMP) was established to provide technologies (to TRL 6 development level) required to address adverse effects of lunar dust to humans and to exploration systems and equipment, which will reduce life cycle cost and risk, and will increase the probability of sustainable and successful lunar missions. The technology portfolio of DMP consisted of different categories of technologies whose final product is either a technology solution in itself, or one that contributes toward a dust mitigation strategy for a particular application. A Decision Gate Process (DGP) was developed to assess and validate the achievement and priority of the dust mitigation technologies as the technologies progress through the development cycle. The DGP was part of continuous technology assessment and was a critical element of DMP risk management. At the core of the process were technology-specific criteria developed to measure the success of each DMP technology in attaining the technology readiness levels assigned to each decision gate. The DGP accounts for both categories of technologies and qualifies the technology progression from technology development tasks to application areas. The process provided opportunities to validate performance, as well as to identify non-performance in time to adjust resources and direction. This paper describes the overall philosophy of the DGP and the methodology for implementation for DMP, and describes the method for defining the technology evaluation criteria. The process is illustrated by example of an application to a specific DMP technology.

Kohli, Rajiv; Fishman, Julianna; Hyatt, Mark

2012-01-01

500

Religious Education and Information Technology: Challenges and Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With advances in information technology, the velocity of information production on the global level has expanded as well. This acceleration has led to the delegitimizing of knowledge, the equating of information with knowledge, and the giving of predominance to information rather than knowledge. This advance has created epistemological challenges…

Sajjadi, Seyed Mahdi

2008-01-01