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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Quantum information processing : science & technology.  

SciTech Connect

Qubits demonstrated using GaAs double quantum dots (DQD). The qubit basis states are the (1) singlet and (2) triplet stationary states. Long spin decoherence times in silicon spurs translation of GaAs qubit in to silicon. In the near term the goals are: (1) Develop surface gate enhancement mode double quantum dots (MOS & strained-Si/SiGe) to demonstrate few electrons and spin read-out and to examine impurity doped quantum-dots as an alternative architecture; (2) Use mobility, C-V, ESR, quantum dot performance & modeling to feedback and improve upon processing, this includes development of atomic precision fabrication at SNL; (3) Examine integrated electronics approaches to RF-SET; (4) Use combinations of numerical packages for multi-scale simulation of quantum dot systems (NEMO3D, EMT, TCAD, SPICE); and (5) Continue micro-architecture evaluation for different device and transport architectures.

Horton, Rebecca; Carroll, Malcolm S.; Tarman, Thomas David

2010-09-01

2

BUILDING A TIMELY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY: A PROCESS TO EFFICIENTLY AQUIRE DESISON USEFUL INFORMATION REGARDING EMERGING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The body of knowledge that is information technology strategy contains numerous theoretical models with practical applications from which executives may formulate, align, and implement cohesive corporate information technology strategies. Specifically missing in many popular technology strategy models is a practical initial process to guide executives in their attempt to collect data regarding emerging information technologies. This research presents an efficient

Casey G. Cegielski; Carl M. Rebman

3

Information Processing Techniques Program. Volume I. Packet Speech Systems Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes work performed on the Packet Speech Systems Technology Program sponsored by the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency during the period 1 October 1979 through 31 March 1980. (Author...

C. J. Weinstein P. E. Blankenship

1980-01-01

4

Information processing techniques program. Volume 1: Packet speech systems technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes work performed on the Packet Speech Systems Technology Program sponsored by the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency during the period 1 April through 30 September 1978.

B. Gold; E. Stern

1978-01-01

5

Information Processing. Guide to Standards and Implementation. Career & Technology Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Alberta curriculum guide defines competencies that help students build daily living skills, investigate career options in information processing occupations, use technology in for information processing effectively and efficiently, and prepare for entry into the workplace or related postsecondary programs. The first section provides a program…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Standards Branch.

6

Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to collect data…

Persinger, Jon F.

2010-01-01

7

The Point; Materials, Devices and Processes for Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Point is an interactive website that lets students explore the materials and devices for information technology and common processes to store and transfer information. It emphasizes technologies that involve light. Some of the devices that are explained include optical fibers, compact disc, DVD, LEDs and lasers. Each section includes Flash manipulatives in which you learn by controlling variables on simple simulations. It also provides lesson plans and student worksheets.

Point, The

8

Information processing techniques program. Volume 1: Packet speech systems technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes work performed on the Packet Speech Systems Technology Program sponsored by the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency during the period 1 October 1979 through 1 March 1980. Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred format for this abstract (see Preferences) Find Similar Abstracts: Use: Authors Title Keywords (in text query field) Abstract

C. J. Weinstein; P. E. Blankenship

1980-01-01

9

Spatial Information Processing: Standards-Based Open Source Visualization Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

. Spatial information intelligence is a global issue that will increasingly affect our ability to survive as a species. Collectively we must better appreciate the complex relationships that make life on Earth possible. Providing spatial information in its native context can accelerate our ability to process that information. To maximize this ability to process information, three basic elements are required: data delivery (server technology), data access (client technology), and data processing (information intelligence). NASA World Wind provides open source client and server technologies based on open standards. The possibilities for data processing and data sharing are enhanced by this inclusive infrastructure for geographic information. It is interesting that this open source and open standards approach, unfettered by proprietary constraints, simultaneously provides for entirely proprietary use of this same technology. 1. WHY WORLD WIND? NASA World Wind began as a single program with specific functionality, to deliver NASA content. But as the possibilities for virtual globe technology became more apparent, we found that while enabling a new class of information technology, we were also getting in the way. Researchers, developers and even users expressed their desire for World Wind functionality in ways that would service their specific needs. They want it in their web pages. They want to add their own features. They want to manage their own data. They told us that only with this kind of flexibility, could their objectives and the potential for this technology be truly realized. World Wind client technology is a set of development tools, a software development kit (SDK) that allows a software engineer to create applications requiring geographic visualization technology. 2. MODULAR COMPONENTRY Accelerated evolution of a technology requires that the essential elements of that technology be modular components such that each can advance independent of the other elements. World Wind therefore changed its mission from providing a single information browser to enabling a whole class of 3D geographic applications. Instead of creating a single program, World Wind is a suite of components that can be selectively used in any number of programs. World Wind technology can be a part of any application, or it can be a window in a web page. Or it can be extended with additional functionalities by application and web developers. World Wind makes it possible to include virtual globe visualization and server technology in support of any objective. The world community can continually benefit from advances made in the technology by NASA in concert with the world community. 3. OPEN SOURCE AND OPEN STANDARDS NASA World Wind is NASA Open Source software. This means that the source code is fully accessible for anyone to freely use, even in association with proprietary technology. Imagery and other data provided by the World Wind servers reside in the public domain, including the data server technology itself. This allows others to deliver their own geospatial data and to provide custom solutions based on users specific needs.

Hogan, P.

2009-12-01

10

Assessing Factors Affecting Implementation of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Measurements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capability of organizations to operate on the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework is reliant on ITIL process measurements. Appropriate ITIL process measurements help ensure desired outcomes, enable corrective actions to take place prior to process failure, and direct process activities towards continuous improvement.…

Peterson, Kristy

2010-01-01

11

Information processing techniques program. Volume 2: Wideband integrated voice\\/data technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes work performed on the Wideband Integrated Voice\\/Data Technology program sponsored by the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency during the period 1 April through 30 September 1978.

B. Gold

1978-01-01

12

Matching Process Requirements with Information Technology to Assess the Efficiency of Web Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging information technologies play an increasingly important role, not only to automate tasks within organizations but also to provide the infrastructure to facilitate communication across organizational boundaries, to implement one-to-one marketing strategies, or to manage business relationships. Web Information Systems (WIS) provide a platform that can help establish and manage customer relationships in ways that were not feasible with traditional

Arno Scharl; Judith Gebauer; Christian Bauer

2001-01-01

13

Aeronautical Satellite-Assisted Process for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT) Conducted  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Broadband satellite communications for aeronautics marries communication and network technologies to address NASA's goals in information technology base research and development, thereby serving the safety and capacity needs of the National Airspace System. This marriage of technology increases the interactivity between airborne vehicles and ground systems. It improves decision-making and efficiency, reduces operation costs, and improves the safety and capacity of the National Airspace System. To this end, a collaborative project called the Aeronautical Satellite Assisted Process for Information Exchange through Network Technologies, or Aero-SAPIENT, was conducted out of Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, during November and December 2000.

Zernic, Michael J.

2002-01-01

14

Process Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from ATETV, learn about the field of process technology and what it takes to work in the field from the perspectives of a student, a community college professor, and an industry specialist.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2010-07-11

15

Assessing the Suitability of Process and Information Technology in Supporting Tacit Knowledge Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transfer of tacit knowledge, one of the most important issues in the knowledge sharing context, needs a multi-dimensional perception in its process. Information technology's (IT) supporting role has already been addressed in the process of tacit knowledge transfer. However, IT has its own characteristics, and in turn, may have dissimilar…

Wu, Chien-Hsing; Kao, Shu-Chen; Shih, Lan-Hsin

2010-01-01

16

Teaching and Learning Information Technology Process: From a 25 Year Perspective--Math Regents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will describe the Teaching and Learning Informational Technology Process (TLITP). Before present day strategies, teaching and learning relied on transformations based on quantification to measure performance. The process will be a non-linear three construct of teacher, student and community. Emphasizing old practices now is the…

Lewis Sanchez, Louise

2007-01-01

17

INFLUENCE PROCESSES FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE: AN ELABORATION LIKELIHOOD MODEL1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how processes of external influence shape information technology acceptance among potential users, how such influence effects vary across a user popula- tion, and whether these effects are persistent over time. Drawing on the elaboration-likelihood model (ELM), we com- pared two alternative influence processes, the central and peripheral routes, in motivating IT acceptance. These pro- cesses were respectively

Anol Bhattacherjee; Clive Sanford

2006-01-01

18

Advanced information processing system for advanced launch system: Hardware technology survey and projections  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major goals of this effort are as follows: (1) to examine technology insertion options to optimize Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) performance in the Advanced Launch System (ALS) environment; (2) to examine the AIPS concepts to ensure that valuable new technologies are not excluded from the AIPS/ALS implementations; (3) to examine advanced microprocessors applicable to AIPS/ALS, (4) to examine radiation hardening technologies applicable to AIPS/ALS; (5) to reach conclusions on AIPS hardware building blocks implementation technologies; and (6) reach conclusions on appropriate architectural improvements. The hardware building blocks are the Fault-Tolerant Processor, the Input/Output Sequencers (IOS), and the Intercomputer Interface Sequencers (ICIS).

Cole, Richard

1991-01-01

19

The Integration of an Information Processing Center into a Modern Office/Word Processing Technology Course. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report and related materials are provided from an activity to set up an operating information processing center that would do the work initiated by personnel in the district and to incorporate the center into the Modern Office/Word Processing Technology course. The report details objectives, population and sample, and conclusions and…

LeVan, Jan; Arndt, Maridene

20

A Fifteen-Year Forecast of Information-Processing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed a variation of the DELPHI approach, a polling technique for systematically soliciting opinions from experts, to produce a technological forecast of developments in the information-processing industry. SEER (System for Event Evaluation and Review) combines the more desirable elements of existing techniques: (1) intuitive…

Bernstein, George B.

21

The evolving role of information technology in the drug discovery process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technologies for chemical structure prediction, heterogeneous database access, pattern discovery, and systems and molecular modeling have evolved to become core components of the modern drug discovery process. As this evolution continues, the balance between in silico modeling and ‘wet’ chemistry will continue to shift and it might eventually be possible to step through the discovery pipeline without the aid

Jeffrey Augen

2002-01-01

22

Information-Processing Architectures in Multidimensional Classification: A Validation Test of the Systems Factorial Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing methodology, known as the systems factorial technology (SFT), is being developed to diagnose the types of information-processing architectures (serial, parallel, or coactive) and stopping rules (exhaustive or self-terminating) that operate in tasks of multidimensional perception. Whereas most previous applications of SFT have been in…

Fific, Mario; Nosofsky, Robert M.; Townsend, James T.

2008-01-01

23

Quantum Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the research laboratories of Hewlett Packard, Quantum Information Technology provides an informative look at current work in quantum information processing and communication (QIPC). The report, published in November 2002, recognizes the potential applications of QIPC and how it could revolutionize conventional information technology. It cites cryptography, quantum computers, and quantum teleportation as motivational factors for development of this technology, offering a basic introduction to each discipline. The paper concludes with an analysis of the direction current research is taking and what the future may hold. Several links to further sources of information are also included.

Spiller, Timothy.

2002-01-01

24

Systems Factorial Technology provides new insights on global-local information processing in autism spectrum disorders  

PubMed Central

Previous studies of global–local processing in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have indicated mixed findings, with some evidence of a local processing bias, or preference for detail-level information, and other results suggesting typical global advantage, or preference for the whole or gestalt. Findings resulting from this paradigm have been used to argue for or against a detail focused processing bias in ASDs, and thus have important theoretical implications. We applied Systems Factorial Technology, and the associated Double Factorial Paradigm (both defined in the text), to examine information processing characteristics during a divided attention global–local task in high-functioning individuals with an ASD and typically developing controls. Group data revealed global advantage for both groups, contrary to some current theories of ASDs. Information processing models applied to each participant revealed that task performance, although showing no differences at the group level, was supported by different cognitive mechanisms in ASD participants compared to controls. All control participants demonstrated inhibitory parallel processing and the majority demonstrated a minimum-time stopping rule. In contrast, ASD participants showed exhaustive parallel processing with mild facilitatory interactions between global and local information. Thus our results indicate fundamental differences in the stopping rules and channel dependencies in individuals with an ASD.

Johnson, Shannon A.; Blaha, Leslie M.; Houpt, Joseph W.; Townsend, James T.

2010-01-01

25

The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process

Muglia, Victor O.

2010-01-01

26

From tasks to processes: the case for changing health information technology to improve health care.  

PubMed

To deliver better health care at a lower cost, health information technology (IT) should be redesigned to support improved, patient-centered care and not the isolated tasks of physicians and clinicians. This new approach has major policy implications: health IT can help mitigate the worsening shortages of physicians; it will require managers, clinicians, and patients to learn new skills and behaviors; it will increase the need for clinically astute systems analysts, business-process managers, and human-factors engineers; and it will highlight the need to pay for process improvements and improved patient well-being rather than the mere purchase of health IT. PMID:19276006

Walker, James M; Carayon, Pascale

2009-01-01

27

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a problem commonly encountered in library automation projects: the conversion from existing card catalog formats to machine readable catalog (MARC) records. Catalog formats, the advantages of full versus limited records, changing computer technology, the advantages of full MARC records, and record standardization are among the topics…

Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

1982-01-01

28

Adapting Semantic Natural Language Processing Technology to Address Information Overload in Influenza Epidemic Management  

PubMed Central

Explosion of disaster health information results in information overload among response professionals. The objective of this project was to determine the feasibility of applying semantic natural language processing (NLP) technology to addressing this overload. The project characterizes concepts and relationships commonly used in disaster health-related documents on influenza pandemics, as the basis for adapting an existing semantic summarizer to the domain. Methods include human review and semantic NLP analysis of a set of relevant documents. This is followed by a pilot-test in which two information specialists use the adapted application for a realistic information seeking task. According to the results, the ontology of influenza epidemics management can be described via a manageable number of semantic relationships that involve concepts from a limited number of semantic types. Test users demonstrate several ways to engage with the application to obtain useful information. This suggests that existing semantic NLP algorithms can be adapted to support information summarization and visualization in influenza epidemics and other disaster health areas. However, additional research is needed in the areas of terminology development (as many relevant relationships and terms are not part of existing standardized vocabularies), NLP, and user interface design.

Keselman, Alla; Rosemblat, Graciela; Kilicoglu, Halil; Fiszman, Marcelo; Jin, Honglan; Shin, Dongwook; Rindflesch, Thomas C.

2013-01-01

29

People and Process: Managing the Human Side of Information Technology Application. Professional Paper Series, #7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that the hard part of making the application of technology successful is the development of appropriate management structures and approaches, this paper reviews the research and writings of several top management and communications professionals and correlates these theories to the information technology environment on campus. Six…

Baltzer, Jan A.

30

Information and Communication Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Communication is a central aspect of all our lives. Today, our modes of communication are highly dependent on technologies such as the internet, wireless networks, phones, and computers. This issue of Topic in Depth explores the ways these forms of communication are part of our lives and highlights some new directions in communication technology.WordIQ Dictionary and Encyclopedia (1) offers this definition: "Communication is the process of exchanging information usually via a common system of symbols." The website explains some of the key process involved in communication and describes different forms of communication, such as animal communication, interpersonal communication, and computer-mediated communication. Also taking a broad view on communication, this world history website (2) provides some background on the mathematical theories that are used in designing telecommunications systems. The articles highlighted on this website from the Center for the Study of Technology and Society (4) attest to the far reaching influence of communication technology. As research on the MediaLab Europe website suggests (5), we have moved into not just developing technology that mediates interpersonal communication (such as phones) but also creating "intimate and personal connections with and through new technologies." This NSF website (6) also highlights some recent discoveries in Computer Information Science and Engineering. Finally, this article from First Monday (7) discusses the far-reaching effects these new developments in technology and globalization are having on language and learning.

31

Image processing technology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The primary objective of this project was to advance image processing and visualization technologies for environmental characterization. This was effected by developing and implementing analyses of remote sensing data from satellite and airborne platforms, and demonstrating their effectiveness in visualization of environmental problems. Many sources of information were integrated as appropriate using geographic information systems.

Van Eeckhout, E.; Pope, P.; Balick, L. [and others

1996-07-01

32

Information Technology: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This selective annotated bibliography lists 86 references on the following topics: future technology for libraries, library automation, paperless information systems; computer conferencing and electronic mail, videotext systems, videodiscs, communications technology, networks, information retrieval, cataloging, microcomputers, and minicomputers.…

Wright, William F.; Hawkins, Donald T.

1981-01-01

33

Information Technology for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers address technological, behavioral, and philosophical aspects of the application of information technology to training. Topics include instructional technology centers, intelligent training systems, distance learning, automated task analysis, training system selection, the importance of instructional methods, formative evaluation and…

Snyder, Cathrine E.; And Others

1990-01-01

34

Comparison of Department of Defense Information Technology Acquisition Processes: A Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis presents a comparison and analysis of two Department of Defense (DoD) acquisition methods: the formal acquisition process and the Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD). Both processes can be, and are, used by DoD to acquire informat...

S. P. Dehlinger

2001-01-01

35

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

36

Information Technology Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses accountability concerns in higher education regarding the value of information technology expenditures and applications and suggests the importance of institutional information technology plans. Topics include academic libraries and information technology plans; plan structures; writing a plan; and recommended sections to include in an…

Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

37

Aeronautical-Satellite-Assisted Process Being Developed for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communications technologies are being developed to address safety issues during aviation travel. Some of these technologies enable the aircraft to be in constant bidirectional communications with necessary systems, people, and other aircraft that are not currently in place today. Networking technologies, wireless datalinks, and advanced avionics techniques are areas of particular importance that the NASA Glenn Research Center has contributed. Glenn, in conjunction with the NASA Ames Research Center, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, and NASA Langley Research Center, is investigating methods and applications that would utilize these communications technologies. In mid-June 2000, the flight readiness of the network and communications technologies were demonstrated via a simulated aircraft. A van simulating an aircraft was equipped with advanced phased-array antennas (Advanced Communications/Air Traffic Management (AC/ATM) Advanced Air Transportation Technologies (AATT) project) that used commercial Ku-band satellite communications to connect Glenn, Dryden, and Ames in a combined system ground test. This test simulated air-ground bidirectional transport of real-time digital audio, text, and video data via a hybrid network configuration that demonstrated the flight readiness of the network and communications technologies. Specifically, a Controller Pilot Data Link Communications application was used with other applications to demonstrate a multiprotocol capability via Internet-protocol encapsulated ATN (Aeronautical Telecommunications Network) data packets. The significance of this combined ground test is its contribution to the Aero Information Technology Base Program Level I milestone (Software Technology investment area) of a real-time data link for the National Airspace System. The objective of this milestone was to address multiprotocol technology applicable for real-time data links between aircraft, a satellite, and the ground as well as the ability to distribute flight data with multilevel priorities among several sites.

Zernic, Michael J.

2001-01-01

38

Effective Corporate Reforms with Information Technology: Logit Model Analysis on Business Process Reengineering, Business Unit Restructuring, and Human Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Abstract) The purpose of this study is to examine what kind of corporate reforms are effective in accordance with investment in information technology. Based on the nation-wide survey data from 3141 firms, logit model analysis revealed three observations. First, paperless transactions make the business process efficient both internally and between the firms. Second, drastic and fundamental organizational reforms, such as

Akihiko Shinozaki

39

The Role of Information and Communication Technologies in Improving Teaching and Learning Processes in Primary and Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to analyse what is happening at schools regarding the integration and use of information and communication technologies (ICT) and to examine teachers' perceptions about what teaching and learning processes can be improved through the use of ICT. A multiple-case-study research methodology was applied. From a previous…

Sangra, Albert; Gonzalez-Sanmamed, Mercedes

2011-01-01

40

Probabilistic Information Integration Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Statistical Sciences Group at Los Alamos has successfully developed a structured, probabilistic, quantitative approach for the evaluation of system performance based on multiple information sources, called Information Integration Technology (IIT). The...

J. M. Booker M. A. Meyer S. Keller-McNulty S. Reese A. G. Wilson

2001-01-01

41

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

42

PREFACE: Quantum information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics and the classical information technologies transformed the physics of semiconductors. Photonics has given optical materials a new direction. Quantum information technologies, we believe, will have immense impact on condensed matter physics. The novel systems of quantum information processing need to be designed and made. Their behaviours must be manipulated in ways that are intrinsically quantal and generally nanoscale. Both in this special issue and in previous issues (see e.g., Spiller T P and Munro W J 2006 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18 V1-10) we see the emergence of new ideas that link the fundamentals of science to the pragmatism of market-led industry. We hope these papers will be followed by many others on quantum information processing in the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.

Briggs, Andrew; Ferry, David; Stoneham, Marshall

2006-05-01

43

Methodology base and problems of information technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information product qualitative forming and effective use is the aim of any information technology. Information technology as a system provides both computer-aided problem solving for the user and automation of information processes, which in turn support the problem solving process. That's why the information technology methods are the methods for data transmission, processing, and storage. The tools of methodology, mathematics, algorithms, hardware, software, and information are the tools of information technology. We propose to differ between global, basic, and applied information technologies depending on information product significance and characteristics of models, methods, and tools used. The global technology is aimed to use information resources in the social sphere as a whole. The basic technology is oriented on the application sphere (industry, scientific research, design, training). Transition towards new information technology should have in its concern business area model merged with the formal model of problem solving: computing organization based on the data concept; user's intellectual interface development.

Sovetov, Boris Y.

1993-04-01

44

Performance Impacts of Strategy, Information Technology Applications, and Business Process Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

his paper develops a conceptual model to study the role of outsourcing strategies and plant-level information technology (IT) application infrastructure in the outsourcing of production and support business processes, as well as their subsequent impact on overall plant performance. We validate this model empirically using cross-sectional survey data from U.S. manufacturing plants. We find that some IT applications are more

Indranil Bardhan; Sunil Mithas; Shu Lin

2009-01-01

45

Arkansas Technology Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Arkansas Technology Information System (ARTIS) was developed to fill a significant void in existing systems of technical support to Arkansans with disabilities by creating and maintaining a consumer-responsive statewide system of data storage and retrieval regarding assistive technology and services. ARTIS goals also include establishment of a…

VanBiervliet, Alan; Parette, Howard P., Jr.

46

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

Loken, S.C. [ed.

1993-01-01

47

Fluency With Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSC 110. Fluency in Information Technology (3). Information representation, the Internet and HTML, algorithmic thinking and programming, language translation, modeling and abstraction, algorithmic complexity and non-computability, machine architecture and parallel computation, networks and communication, database principles, multimedia, social impacts of computing.

Smith, Harry

2003-04-08

48

Women in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a major concern about the drop of young women entering Computer Science degree programs and a drop in the participation of women in these information technology occupations. In all levels of educational institutions across the nation, girls and women remain under-represented in computer and information science studies and subsequently,…

Wentling, Rose Mary; Thomas, Steven P.

2004-01-01

49

Process Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, learn about process technology and career opportunities in this field. Process refers to the steps that chemicals go through to become products, like gasoline or medicine. Process technology is used in just about every manufacturing industry, from pharmaceuticals to automobiles to cosmetics. A process technician keeps the machines that process chemicals running smoothly.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-06-04

50

Helsinki University of Technology: Computational Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computational Information Technology is a research group of the Laboratory of Computational Engineering at the Helsinki University of Technology in Finland. This section of the website introduces visitors to the group's work on modelling and analyzing complex physical, technical and economic processes and systems. Researchers "carry out method development and application oriented research on advanced probabilistic and information theoretic methods." Some applications include statistical modelling of financial markets, pattern recognition in neural networks, machine vision for microscope image processing, data mining, and intelligent human-machine interfaces. The Research Projects section describes the group's work in these areas and highlights the mathematical and statistical methods used, such as Bayesian methods, vision geometry, Turing's reaction-diffusion systems, and time-frequency analysis. Each research area has its own website, where the overall project and theoretical framework is described along with images and diagrams. Publications, such as theses and journal articles are listed and some conference proceedings and articles are available to download.

51

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

52

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

53

Information and communication technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the National Science Foundation (NSF) commissioned a panel of U.S. experts to study the international status of satellite communications systems and technology. The study covers emerging systems concepts, applications, services, and the attendant technologies. The panel members traveled to Europe, Japan, and Russia to gather information firsthand. They visited 17 sites in Europe, 20 in Japan, and 4 in Russia. These included major manufacturers, government organizations, service providers, and associated research and development facilities. The panel's report was reviewed by the sites visited, by the panel, and by representatives of U.S. industry. The report details the information collected and compares it to U.S. activities.

Edelson, Burton I.; Pelton, Joseph N.; Bostian, Charles W.; Brandon, William T.; Chan, Vincent W. S.; Hager, E. Paul; Helm, Neil R.; Jennings, Raymond D.; Kwan, Robert K.; Mahle, Christoph E.

1994-01-01

54

Information Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, you'll learn about the wide range of jobs that an information technology (IT) degree can make possible. From PCs to smartphones to cars, almost every tool we use today has computer technology embedded in it. The IT specialist is the person who keeps those computers operating and finds ways to make them run faster and more smoothly, so we can all get our work done.The video runs 1:37 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

55

Integrating Information Technologies Into Large Organizations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Langley Research Center's product is aerospace research information. To this end, Langley uses information technology tools in three distinct ways. First, information technology tools are used in the production of information via computation, analysis, data collection and reduction. Second, information technology tools assist in streamlining business processes, particularly those that are primarily communication based. By applying these information tools to administrative activities, Langley spends fewer resources on managing itself and can allocate more resources for research. Third, Langley uses information technology tools to disseminate its aerospace research information, resulting in faster turn around time from the laboratory to the end-customer.

Gottlich, Gretchen; Meyer, John M.; Nelson, Michael L.; Bianco, David J.

1997-01-01

56

A Solution for Establishing the Information Technology Service Management Processes Implementation Sequence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the implementation sequence of Services Management processes defined in ITIL v2, from a topological perspective.\\u000a Graphs Theory is used to represent the existing dependencies among the ITIL v2 processes, in order to find clusters of strongly\\u000a connected processes. These clusters will help to determine the implementation priority of the service management processes.\\u000a For it, OPreSSD (Organizational Procedure

Magdalena Arcilla; José Calvo Manzano; Gonzalo Cuevas; Gerzon Gómez; Elena Ruiz; Tomás San Feliu Gilabert

2008-01-01

57

California: Library Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes six information technology projects in California libraries, including Internet access in public libraries; digital library developments at the University of California, Berkeley; the World Wide Web home page for the state library; Pacific Bell's role in statewide connectivity; state government initiatives; and services of the state…

Will, Barbara, Ed.

1996-01-01

58

Managing Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Processes - Implementing Energy Performance in Production Information Technology Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Climate change and unsecured energy supply are topics that become increasingly important in today’s society. Although renewable\\u000a energy technologies may be a long-term solution, more efficient energy use potentially makes a high and economic contribution\\u000a to the given challenges in the short term. New CO2 regulations, rising energy prices and environmentally aware customers make energy efficient manufacturing a priority topic

Katharina Bunse; Matthias Vodicka

2010-01-01

59

Towards Online Delivery of Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning Techniques in Information Technology Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) is a technique used to teach in large lectures and tutorials. It invokes interaction, team building, learning and interest through highly structured group work. Currently, POGIL has only been implemented in traditional classroom settings where all participants are physically present. However,…

Trevathan, Jarrod; Myers, Trina

2013-01-01

60

Workforce Assessment of Information Technology Sailors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the results of the first application of the SkillsNET process to the Navy's military information technology (IT) workforce. The authors define this workforce as Sailors who facilitate or protect others' use of information and telecom...

F. E. Garcia J. L. Gasch M. L. Wertheim

2002-01-01

61

Information technology governance — COBIT model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the concept of information technology audit, shows relationship between audit and IT Management. Information systems provide both the means for organizations to transact business and the ability to report the financial results of their operations. Information technology auditing is an integral part of corporate governance. However, information technology auditing is often looked upon as a \\

Dalibor Radovanovic; Dubravka Lucic; Tijana Radojevic; Marko Sarac

2011-01-01

62

Evaluating geographic information systems technology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Computerized geographic information systems (GISs) are emerging as the spatial data handling tools of choice for solving complex geographical problems. However, few guidelines exist for assisting potential users in identifying suitable hardware and software. A process to be followed in evaluating the merits of GIS technology is presented. Related standards and guidelines, software functions, hardware components, and benchmarking are discussed. By making users aware of all aspects of adopting GIS technology, they can decide if GIS is an appropriate tool for their application and, if so, which GIS should be used.

Guptill, Stephen, C.

1989-01-01

63

Process Technology: Process Maintenance Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, youâÂÂll meet Tyrone Walker, who keeps the enormous machines at a Tupperware factory running 24/7/365. Tyrone is a process maintenance engineer. This means he inspects all the parts of a machineâÂÂs electronics system looking for problems, from the tiniest components to the machine as a whole. Tyrone's community college degree in electronic engineering is key to doing this job, which he loves.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-06-04

64

An algorithmic benchmark for quantum information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum information processing offers potentially great advantages over classical information processing, both for efficient algorithms and for secure communication. Therefore, it is important to establish that scalable control of a large number of quantum bits (qubits) can be achieved in practice. There are a rapidly growing number of proposed device technologies for quantum information processing. Of these technologies, those exploiting

E. Knill; R. Laflamme; R. Martinez; C.-H. Tseng

2000-01-01

65

Regaining Control Over Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living in postindustrial, 21st-century society means being surrounded by the accoutrements of information technology. Information technology is in people's offices, cars and homes. One third of adults do not deal well with information technology, according to the research of Larry Rosen, psychology professor, author, and pundit. Rosen is the Paul…

Goldsborough, Reid

2005-01-01

66

Children, Information and New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technological change affects current lifestyles and will continue to affect access to information, children should remain a primary consideration, with new technology serving to provide information to them. The growing importance of information is fundamental to recent technological change based on the development of computers and the silicon…

Cook, John

67

Information Technology as Coordination Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business information technology is traditionally viewed as information provision technology. In this view, organizations use their IT to implement databases that provide people with information when they want it. This view is persistent even though information provision is never an end in itself but always has the further purpose to support the coordination of activities of people. The role if

R. J. Wieringa

2006-01-01

68

Vaccine process technology.  

PubMed

The evolution of vaccines (e.g., live attenuated, recombinant) and vaccine production methods (e.g., in ovo, cell culture) are intimately tied to each other. As vaccine technology has advanced, the methods to produce the vaccine have advanced and new vaccine opportunities have been created. These technologies will continue to evolve as we strive for safer and more immunogenic vaccines and as our understanding of biology improves. The evolution of vaccine process technology has occurred in parallel to the remarkable growth in the development of therapeutic proteins as products; therefore, recent vaccine innovations can leverage the progress made in the broader biotechnology industry. Numerous important legacy vaccines are still in use today despite their traditional manufacturing processes, with further development focusing on improving stability (e.g., novel excipients) and updating formulation (e.g., combination vaccines) and delivery methods (e.g., skin patches). Modern vaccine development is currently exploiting a wide array of novel technologies to create safer and more efficacious vaccines including: viral vectors produced in animal cells, virus-like particles produced in yeast or insect cells, polysaccharide conjugation to carrier proteins, DNA plasmids produced in E. coli, and therapeutic cancer vaccines created by in vitro activation of patient leukocytes. Purification advances (e.g., membrane adsorption, precipitation) are increasing efficiency, while innovative analytical methods (e.g., microsphere-based multiplex assays, RNA microarrays) are improving process understanding. Novel adjuvants such as monophosphoryl lipid A, which acts on antigen presenting cell toll-like receptors, are expanding the previously conservative list of widely accepted vaccine adjuvants. As in other areas of biotechnology, process characterization by sophisticated analysis is critical not only to improve yields, but also to determine the final product quality. From a regulatory perspective, Quality by Design (QbD) and Process Analytical Technology (PAT) are important initiatives that can be applied effectively to many types of vaccine processes. Universal demand for vaccines requires that a manufacturer plan to supply tens and sometimes hundreds of millions of doses per year at low cost. To enable broader use, there is intense interest in improving temperature stability to allow for excursions from a rigid cold chain supply, especially at the point of vaccination. Finally, there is progress in novel routes of delivery to move away from the traditional intramuscular injection by syringe approach. PMID:22407777

Josefsberg, Jessica O; Buckland, Barry

2012-06-01

69

Kuhlthau's Information Search Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains Kuhlthau's Information Search Process (ISP) model which is based on a constructivist view of learning and provides a framework for school library media specialists for the design of information services and instruction. Highlights include a shift from library skills to information skills; attitudes; process approach; and an interview with…

Shannon, Donna

2002-01-01

70

Information Technology's Role in Educational Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology comprises the systems and tools that support and enhance the teaching, learning, and research processes of educational organizations. Outlines the variables to be considered when improving or updating information technology, including staff, infrastructure, hardware, software, improvement of services, and positioning for…

Rennie, Robert J.

1996-01-01

71

Collaborative Information Technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Significant effort has been expended to provide infrastructure and to facilitate the remote collaborations within the fusion community and out. Through the Office of Fusion Energy Science Information Technology Initiative, communication technologies utilized by the fusion community are being improved. The initial thrust of the initiative has been collaborative seminars and meetings. Under the initiative 23 sites, both laboratory and university, were provided with hardware required to remotely view, or project, documents being presented. The hardware is capable of delivering documents to a web browser, or to compatible hardware, over ESNET in an access controlled manner. The ability also exists for documents to originate from virtually any of the collaborating sites. In addition, RealNetwork servers are being tested to provide audio and/or video, in a non-interactive environment with MBONE providing two-way interaction where needed. Additional effort is directed at remote distributed computing, file systems, security, and standard data storage and retrieval methods. This work supported by DoE contract No. W-7405-ENG-48

Meyer, William; Casper, Thomas

1999-11-01

72

NASA's Materials and Processes Technology Information System (MAPTIS): How It Relates to Sustainable Aerospace Advanced Manufacturing and Sustainable Materials Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our poster shows how MAPTIS relates to Sustainable Aerospace Advanced Manufacturing and Sustainable Materials Management. MAPTIS is a 'pre- Milestone B' design-engineering tool. MAPTIS provides materials and manufacturing processes information to design-e...

C. C. Hudson I. Higuchi

2011-01-01

73

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

74

Information Technology in the Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Caribbean possesses many advantages in terms of its potential receptivity to information technology. All the countries in the Caribbean could benefit from greater resource-sharing in the information field. Agencies such as Unesco are sponsoring the development of regional networks, such as CARSTIN, the network for the exchange of information and experience in science and technology for development, and the

Peter Moll

1987-01-01

75

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the analysis...industry; evaluating and recommending new information processing concepts and capabilities for application...

2009-04-01

76

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the analysis...industry; evaluating and recommending new information processing concepts and capabilities for application...

2010-04-01

77

NASA Information Technology Implementation Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Information Technology (IT) resources and IT support continue to be a growing and integral part of all NASA missions. Furthermore, the growing IT support requirements are becoming more complex and diverse. The following are a few examples of the growing complexity and diversity of NASA's IT environment. NASA is conducting basic IT research in the Intelligent Synthesis Environment (ISE) and Intelligent Systems (IS) Initiatives. IT security, infrastructure protection, and privacy of data are requiring more and more management attention and an increasing share of the NASA IT budget. Outsourcing of IT support is becoming a key element of NASA's IT strategy as exemplified by Outsourcing Desktop Initiative for NASA (ODIN) and the outsourcing of NASA Integrated Services Network (NISN) support. Finally, technology refresh is helping to provide improved support at lower cost. Recently the NASA Automated Data Processing (ADP) Consolidation Center (NACC) upgraded its bipolar technology computer systems with Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology systems. This NACC upgrade substantially reduced the hardware maintenance and software licensing costs, significantly increased system speed and capacity, and reduced customer processing costs by 11 percent.

2000-01-01

78

Information Technologies for the Information Agent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information agent has requirements in the Information Technology (IT) age that are in everything comparable to those of one hundred years ago. But, despite being similar, they require new forms of implementation due to the evolution of the communication platforms and protocols and to the increase in the amount of information that has to be known, stored, transmitted, and

Sérgio Tenreiro de Magalhães; Henrique Santos; Leonel Duarte Santos

79

Information technology security system engineering methodology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology is described for system engineering security into large information technology systems under development. The methodology is an integration of a risk management process and a generic system development life cycle process. The methodology is to be used by Security System Engineers to effectively engineer and integrate information technology security into a target system as it progresses through the development life cycle. The methodology can also be used to re-engineer security into a legacy system.

Childs, D.

2003-01-01

80

QTIP: Quick technology intelligence processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical technology analyses need not take months; they can be done in minutes. One can thereby take advantage of wide availability of rich science and technology publication and patent abstract databases to better inform technology management. To do so requires developing templates of innovation indicators to answer standard questions. Then, one can automate routines to generate composite information representations (“one-pagers”)

Alan L. Porter

2005-01-01

81

Signal Processing Information Base  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Signal Processing Information Base(SPIB) is a project sponsored by the Signal Processing Society and the National Science Foundation. SPIB is a repository of data, papers, software, newsgroups, bibliographies, and addresses of interest to the signal processing community, as well as links to other relevant repositories.

82

New Technology and Information Explosion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A flood of new electronic technologies promises to usher in the Information Age and alter economic and social structures. Telematics, a potent combination of telecommunications and computer technologies, could eventually bring huge volumes of information to great numbers of people by making large data bases accessible to computer terminals in…

Johns, David

83

Optoelectronic Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF PORTFOLIO: Explore optoelectronic information processing, integrated photonics, and associated optical device components & fabrication for air and space platforms to transform AF capabilities in computing, communications, storage, sen...

G. S. Pomrenke

2012-01-01

84

Image processing technologies in intelligent transportation systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays in intelligent transportation systems (ITS), information gathering depends heavily on visual information. Image processing technologies (IPT) play a key role. After a brief introduction of ITS, IPT is illustrated from three aspects: image sensor, image processing methods and image processing system. Among many applications for image processing in ITS, the paper presents a roadside example, licence plate recognition (LPR). Attention is centered around two aspects of LPR: plate character isolation and plate character recognition. Lastly, the paper indicates the trends of image-processing technologies in ITS.

Wang, Zhengyou; Liu, Jilin

2003-09-01

85

Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format ... Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Information ...

86

Information Technologies in the Calm Technologies Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technologies met a culminant evolution even since they appeared, with major achievements that became established in various fields of activity. Currently, one can notice an increased tendency to upgrade from classic computers to other types of equipment, much smaller in size, able to perform similar functions, such as PDA's or mobile phones. Also, the expansion of wireless

Laura-Diana Genete

2009-01-01

87

Process Technologies for Phosphate Fertilizers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The most important processes used for making phosphate fertilizer materials are summarized in this document. A guide is provided to the selection of process technologies for developing countries interested in initiating efforts in this sector. The process...

K. R. Krishnaswami

1978-01-01

88

Process Technologies for Nitrogen Fertilizers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The most important processes used for making nitrogen fertilizer materials are summarized in this document. A guide is provided to the selection of process technologies for developing countries interested in initiating efforts in this sector. The processe...

V. S. Pillai

1978-01-01

89

Information technology in post-industrial organizations  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly we are witnessing the emergence of new and different forms of social relations within and between organizations. This pattern, variously labeled the post-industrial society or information economy refers to the substantial changes currently evident in advanced industrialized nations. Such changes are expected to have profound implications for organization forms and the strategies adopted to cope with the complex and turbulent transition to post-industrialism. It is posited here that one such strategy is the adoption of information technology as organizations' core technology. This research explicates the fundamental changes that occur in the control strategies and work of organizations as they begin to deploy information technology as their core technology. Two main issues explored and analyzed are: (i) the role of information technology in influencing production task-control mechanisms, production strategies, and the organization of people around production processes; and (ii) the influence of social, political, and cultural processes within organizations in shaping the nature and use of information technology. The information technology increased the use of unobtrusive control mechanisms, contributed to the routinization and deskilling of systems development tasks, while enhancing their productivity and consistency.

Orlikowski, W.J.

1988-01-01

90

CICT Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CICT Program is part of the NASA Aerospace Technology Enterprise's fundamental technology thrust to develop tools. processes, and technologies that enable new aerospace system capabilities and missions. The CICT Program's four key objectives are: Provide seamless access to NASA resources- including ground-, air-, and space-based distributed information technology resources-so that NASA scientists and engineers can more easily control missions, make new scientific discoveries, and design the next-generation space vehicles, provide high-data delivery from these assets directly to users for missions, develop goal-oriented human-centered systems, and research, develop and evaluate revolutionary technology.

Laufenberg, Lawrence; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

91

Information Technology: Computer Systems Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Watch how a community college education took one person from being a computer know-nothing to having a career as a successful information technologist, in this video adapted from Pathways to Technology.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2012-05-18

92

Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials. The tutorials fall under the categories of electronics, fiber optics, general computing and programming, general telecommunications, java, math, matlab, networking and physics.

2012-12-17

93

Information technologies and the  

Microsoft Academic Search

conclusion  The evolution in the role of middlemen has many important implications at the macro-economic level as well. In many markets,\\u000a the negative employment effects of labor-saving technologies are offset by increases in the demand for labor as transaction\\u000a costs fall and additional labor is needed to produce more goods and services. As discussed above, middlemen operate successfully\\u000a in markets when

Bradley S. Wimmer; Anthony M. Townsend; Brian E. Chezum

2000-01-01

94

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1995-01-01

95

Organizational Leadership through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of information technology (IT) is changing, and is becoming more important for the overall success of colleges today. The structure of IT has not changed much through the years, but a greater amount of institutions exist where multiple areas of technology are being merged back into a single IT organization. The model of IT explored in…

Anderson, John A.

96

What the Information Professional Can Learn from the Information Technology and Project Management Knowledge Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are various forces driving change in the knowledge and skills areas for information professionals: 1) technologies, 2) changing environments, and 3) the changing role of information technology management. These forces affect all levels of information technology-based professionals--those responsible for information processing and those responsible for information services. This paper discusses and reviews the pertinent literature that deals with the

Edwin M. Cortez; Edward Kazlauskas; Sanjay K. Dutta

2004-01-01

97

Integrating health information technology into clinical guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current use of Health Information Technology (HIT) within healthcare practice is limited. Clinical guidelines have been developed to bring research based evidence into practice. However, there is no defining step during the development process that explores the use of HIT and how it can benefit the patient, staff and delivery of care process. This paper presents a review of

Candice MacDougall; J. Percival; C. McGregor

2009-01-01

98

Process Technology Student: Oil Refinery Process Technician  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, observe how Sandra Garcia is studying to be a process technician, and learn about the field of process technology. Sandra explains how her love of science brought her to community college after years away from school and how she's looking forward to a career in process technology. Also learn about the mysterious refractometer and how it can keep things running smoothly in a refinery.The video runs 2:31 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-06-04

99

Process Technology Student: Chemical & Refinery Process Technician  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, learn about process technology and the career of a process technician, also known as a process operator. Process technology is what turns chemicals into products, from oil and gas to cosmetics and rubber soles for shoes. The process technician keeps the machines that process chemicals running smoothly. Jason Canales is studying to become a process technician. He explains what brought him to this field and why he wants to work at a refinery or a chemical plant after he graduates. Jason visits a factory to better understand how his classwork can be applied in the real world.The video runs 2:51 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-06-04

100

Vermont: Library and Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Vermont Automated Libraries System and the use of information technology. Topics include rural public library access; software; multitype library cooperation, including public, school, academic, and special libraries; Internet access; government information; public user access; system design; document delivery capabilities; and…

Klinck, Patricia E.

1996-01-01

101

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

102

Information flow and work productivity through integrated information technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work environment surrounding integrated office systems is reviewed. The known effects of automated office technologies is synthesized and their known impact on work efficiency is reviewed. These effects are explored with regard to their impact on networks, work flow/processes, as well as organizational structure and power. Particular emphasis is given to structural changes due to the introduction of newer information technologies in organizations. The new information technologies have restructed the average organization's middle banks and, as a consequence, they have shrunk drastically. Organizational pyramids have flattened with fewer levels since executives have realized that they can get ahold of the needed information via the new technologies quicker and directly and do not have to rely on middle-level managers. Power shifts are typically accompanied with the introduction of these technologies resulting in the generation of a new form of organizational power.

Wigand, R. T.

1985-01-01

103

Processing Speechread Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three methods by which hearing adults process speechread information are discussed: selective adaptation, immediate memory, and repetition priming. Also discussed are mental representations of speech by hearing-impaired and hearing children, infants' responses to speechread stimuli compared to other stimuli, infants' speechreading of a foreign…

Dodd, Barbara; Burnham, Denis

1988-01-01

104

Immunology as Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes the behavior of the immune system from an informationprocessing perspective. It reviews a series of projects conducted at the University of New Mexico and the Santa Fe Institute, which have developed and explored the theme "immunology as information processing." The projects cover the spectrum from serious modeling of real immunological phenomena, such as crossreactive responses in animals

Stephanie Forrest; Steven A. Hofmeyr

2000-01-01

105

Information processing and ptsd  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a series of studies that have utilized information-processing paradigms with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) populations. The review suggests that pre-trauma measures of intelligence (IQ) are predictive of the development of PTSD symptoms following trauma. There is also evidence of impaired performance on standardized tests of memory (independent of IQ) in PTSD populations. PTSD populations are found to

Todd C. Buckley; Edward B. Blanchard; W. Trammell Neill

2000-01-01

106

NMR Quantum Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has provided a valuable experimental testbed for quantum information processing (QIP). Here, we briefly review the use of nuclear spins as qubits, and discuss the current status of NMR-QIP. Advances in the techniques available for control are described along with the various implementations of quantum algorithms and quantum simulations that have been performed using NMR. The

Chandrasekhar Ramanathan; Nicolas Boulant; Zhiying Chen; David G. Cory; Isaac Chuang; Matthias Steffen

2004-01-01

107

76 FR 4079 - Information Technology (IT) Security  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and 1852 RIN 2700-AD46 Information Technology (IT) Security AGENCY...requirements related to Information Technology Security, consistent with...protecting the Agency's Information Technology (IT) resources, the...

2011-01-24

108

Journal of Information Technology Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Information Technology Education (JITE) is an annual publication that seeks to "improve IT education around the world by publishing high quality articles on best practices and other topics" of interest to teachers. Papers are mainly written by university professors that want to share their insights into effective educational methods and technologies. The 2003 volume of JITE includes an interesting paper about ways to help ease secondary school students' transition into a university-level IT program. Another paper addresses elementary school teachers' understanding of computer technology. Some additional topics are distance education, development of technology-assisted learning applications, and much more.

109

The Health Information Technology Workforce  

PubMed Central

Background There is increasing recognition that a competent and well-trained workforce is required for successful implementation of health information technology. Methods New and previous research was gathered through literature and Web searching as well as domain experts. Overall themes were extracted and specific data collated within each. Results There is still a paucity of research concerning the health information technology workforce. What research has been done can be classified into five categories: quantities and staffing ratios, job roles, gaps and growth, leadership qualifications, and education and competencies. From several countries it can be seen that substantial numbers of individuals are needed with diverse backgrounds and competencies. Conclusions Additional research is necessary to determine the optimal organization and education of the health information technology workforce.

Hersh, W.

2010-01-01

110

Optical information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The title of this work Optical Information Processing reflects the multi-facets of this thesis. In the first three chapters, I look at specific aspects of optical data storage. Enabled by new recording materials, a read-write holographic memory is explored. The memory combines a two-dimensional layered architecture and holography. Recording dynamics are analyzed and compared with conventional memories. A novel multiplexing

Christophe Moser

2001-01-01

111

Information services and information processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Attempts made to design and extend space system capabilities are reported. Special attention was given to establishing user needs for information or services which might be provided by space systems. Data given do not attempt to detail scientific, technical, or economic bases for the needs expressed by the users.

1975-01-01

112

Technological Change and the Evolution of Information Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access to information through technology brings information policy to the forefront of legislative debates and libraries must articulate their interests in the process. Defines information policy and highlights conflicting perspectives and opinions. A model of technology practice explains the interest in information policy, where a change in one…

Weingarten, Fred W.

1996-01-01

113

Role of Information Technology Consultancy in the Transfer of Information Technology to Production and Service Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of the study is to investigate and assess the role of information Technology Consultancy (ITC) in the current process of innovation diffusion and technology transfer. The paper first defines ITC as an independent activity and points out its specif...

F. Moulaert F. Martinelli F. Djellal

1990-01-01

114

Information persistence using XML database technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) Information Management (IM) services provide information exchange and persistence capabilities that support tailored, dynamic, and timely access to required information, enabling near real-time planning, control, and execution for DoD decision making. JBI IM services will be built on a substrate of network centric core enterprise services and when transitioned, will establish an interoperable information space that aggregates, integrates, fuses, and intelligently disseminates relevant information to support effective warfighter business processes. This virtual information space provides individual users with information tailored to their specific functional responsibilities and provides a highly tailored repository of, or access to, information that is designed to support a specific Community of Interest (COI), geographic area or mission. Critical to effective operation of JBI IM services is the implementation of repositories, where data, represented as information, is represented and persisted for quick and easy retrieval. This paper will address information representation, persistence and retrieval using existing database technologies to manage structured data in Extensible Markup Language (XML) format as well as unstructured data in an IM services-oriented environment. Three basic categories of database technologies will be compared and contrasted: Relational, XML-Enabled, and Native XML. These technologies have diverse properties such as maturity, performance, query language specifications, indexing, and retrieval methods. We will describe our application of these evolving technologies within the context of a JBI Reference Implementation (RI) by providing some hopefully insightful anecdotes and lessons learned along the way. This paper will also outline future directions, promising technologies and emerging COTS products that can offer more powerful information management representations, better persistence mechanisms and improved retrieval techniques.

Clark, Thomas A.; Lipa, Brian E. G.; Macera, Anthony R.; Staskevich, Gennady R.

2005-05-01

115

School Leadership and Information Communication Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration.…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Samah, Bahaman Abu; Fooi, Foo Say

2008-01-01

116

Information technology (IT) strategic planning for libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe an approach to information technology (IT) strategic planning for libraries and institutions of higher education. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The “why, what, and how” of IT strategic planning for libraries is explained, to show the efficacy and value of long-term IT planning and budgeting. The organization, design, processes, templates, and methodologies of

Rob McGee

2006-01-01

117

Information technology orientation for young hospital administrators.  

PubMed

Information technology has evolved over the years and taken its place in every sector, including health care. Every health care professional uses a computer almost every day. Information technology is expected to provide the staff with reliable information for decision making, reducing medical errors and processing time and improving communication. As the health care market grows increasingly competitive and complex, hospitals are relying more and more on information technology as a primary tool to help them compete. Every postgraduate should take a basic course on computers and IT applications. Many universities and colleges offer a masters program in health administration, and with enormous numbers of new post graduates, well grounded in IT, are offering their services to hospitals and allied health care divisions. Their experiences are reflected in the various job codes, which illustrate the need for planning, careful investment, and educational training to put information technology to work in today's sophisticated advanced health care setting. Information technology cannot reach its full potential without a properly trained staff working together as a team. PMID:23016198

Bakshi, Syed Murtuza Hussain

2012-01-01

118

The evolution of information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first version of the Nolan Stages Theory appeared in 1973. It explained the dynamics of the increasingly vital production factor called IT. This theory is probably the most well-known and most widespread framework of the development of information technology in organisations. It provides many insights in the ways in which IT has evolved and continues to evolve. Moreover, it

Ernest-jan Mutsaers; Han T. M. Van Der Zee; Henrik Giertz

1998-01-01

119

NASA Information Technology Implementation Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA's Information Technology (IT) resources and IT support continue to be a growing and integral part of all NASA missions. Furthermore, the growing IT support requirements are becoming more complex and diverse. The following are a few examples of the gr...

2000-01-01

120

The Information Technology Model Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last twenty years has seen the development of demand for a new type of computing professional, which has resulted in the emergence of the academic discipline of Information Technology (IT). Numerous colleges and universities across the country and abroad have responded by developing programs without the advantage of an existing model for…

Ekstrom, Joseph J.; Gorka, Sandra; Kamali, Reza; Lawson, Eydie; Lunt, Barry; Miller, Jacob; Reichgelt, Han

2006-01-01

121

Information Society Technologies in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing demand for more efficient and effective health- care services, coupled with an implicit requirement for supporting citi- zen mobility and continuity of care, is currently setting the stage for the exploitation of Information and Telecommunications Technologies in the health sector. The current vision comprises affordable wireless access to healthcare resources and services for all citizens, thus making medical

Dimitrios G. Katehakis; Manolis Tsiknakis; Stelios C. Orphanoudakis

2000-01-01

122

Information technology for patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundResearch on patient care has identified substantial variations in the quality and safety of healthcare and the considerable risks of iatrogenic harm as significant issues. These failings contribute to the high rates of potentially avoidable morbidity and mortality and to the rising levels of healthcare expenditure seen in many health systems. There have been substantial developments in information technology in

Christopher Huckvale; Josip Car; Masanori Akiyama; Safurah Jaafar; Tawfik Khoja; Ammar Bin Khalid; Aziz Sheikh; Azeem Majeed

2010-01-01

123

Managing Information Technology Security Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Information Technology (IT) Security Risk Management is a critical task for the organization to protect against the loss of confidentiality,integrity, and availability of IT resources. As systems become more complex and diverse and attacks from intrusions and malicious content increase, it is becoming increasingly difficult to manage IT security risk. This paper describes a two-pronged approach in addressing IT

David P. Gilliam

2003-01-01

124

New information technologies in spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigation of gas media spectroscopy at high temperature is accompanied by large and complex data amount. In order to manage these data one should use specialized information systems able to execute formal stale operations with friendly interface. In the present paper we discuss the problems of development of an integral distributed information system using up-to-date object oriented technologies and technologies for distributed systems based on CORBA 2.0 (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). On the basis of modern information technologies we have developed HOTGAS and SMOLA software. Both can be run under Windows operation system. HOTGAS is intended for calculation of spectral line parameters (SLP) and absorption coefficients for CO, CO2 and H2O in 250 - 3000 K temperature range. SMOLA is intended for accumulation, systematization and use of published SLP data for different molecules. It also has a graphic interface and possesses the advantages of other Windows software. To provide comprehensive informational support and to execute all the diversity of tasks in the sphere of rovibrational spectroscopy of gas media we offer a project for integral distributed informational system design.

Sheludyakov, T. Y.; Voitsekhovskaya, Olga K.

2000-01-01

125

Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) is a computer systems philosophy, a set of validated hardware building blocks, and a set of validated services as embodied in system software. The goal of AIPS is to provide the knowledgebase which will allow achievement of validated fault-tolerant distributed computer system architectures, suitable for a broad range of applications, having failure probability requirements of 10E-9 at 10 hours. A background and description is given followed by program accomplishments, the current focus, applications, technology transfer, FY92 accomplishments, and funding.

Pitts, Felix L.

1993-01-01

126

National Security Technology Incubator Evaluation Process  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the process by which the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI) will be evaluated. The technology incubator is being developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. This report includes a brief description of the components, steps, and measures of the proposed evaluation process. The purpose of the NSPP is to promote national security technologies through business incubation, technology demonstration and validation, and workforce development. The NSTI will focus on serving businesses with national security technology applications by nurturing them through critical stages of early development. An effective evaluation process of the NSTI is an important step as it can provide qualitative and quantitative information on incubator performance over a given period. The vision of the NSTI is to be a successful incubator of technologies and private enterprise that assist the NNSA in meeting new challenges in national safety and security. The mission of the NSTI is to identify, incubate, and accelerate technologies with national security applications at various stages of development by providing hands-on mentoring and business assistance to small businesses and emerging or growing companies. To achieve success for both incubator businesses and the NSTI program, an evaluation process is essential to effectively measure results and implement corrective processes in the incubation design if needed. The evaluation process design will collect and analyze qualitative and quantitative data through performance evaluation system.

None

2007-12-31

127

Process Engineering Technology Center Initiative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is developing as a world-class Spaceport Technology Center (STC). From a process engineering (PE) perspective, the facilities used for flight hardware processing at KSC are NASA's premier factories. The products of these factories are safe, successful shuttle and expendable vehicle launches carrying state-of-the-art payloads. PE is devoted to process design, process management, and process improvement, rather than product design. PE also emphasizes the relationships of workers with systems and processes. Thus, it is difficult to speak of having a laboratory for PE at KSC because the entire facility is practically a laboratory when observed from a macro level perspective. However, it becomes necessary, at times, to show and display how KSC has benefited from PE and how KSC has contributed to the development of PE; hence, it has been proposed that a Process Engineering Technology Center (PETC) be developed to offer a place with a centralized focus on PE projects, and a place where KSC's PE capabilities can be showcased, and a venue where new Process Engineering technologies can be investigated and tested. Graphics for showcasing PE capabilities have been designed, and two initial test beds for PE technology research have been identified. Specifically, one test bed will look into the use of wearable computers with head mounted displays to deliver work instructions; the other test bed will look into developing simulation models that can be assembled into one to create a hierarchical model.

Centeno, Martha A.

2001-01-01

128

Information Technology and Corporate Strategy: A Research Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information technology (IT) as a competitive weapon has become a popular cliché; but there is still a marked lack of understanding of the issues that determine the influence of information technology on a particular organization and the processes that will allow a smooth coordination of technology and corporate strategy. This article surveys the major efforts to arrive

J. Yannis Bakos; Michael E. Treacy

1986-01-01

129

Nuclear Technology: Making Informed Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a unit on nuclear technology which is taught in a physics class. Explains the unit design, implementation process, demonstrations used, and topics of discussion that include light and optics, naturally and artificially produced sources of radioactivity, nuclear equations, isotopes and half-lives, and power-generating nuclear reactors.…

Altshuler, Kenneth

1989-01-01

130

Technology Requirements for Information Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report provides the results of a panel study conducted into the technology requirements for information management in support of application domains of particular government interest, including digital libraries, mission operations, and scientific research. The panel concluded that it was desirable to have a coordinated program of R&D that pursues a science of information management focused on an environment typified by applications of government interest - highly distributed with very large amounts of data and a high degree of heterogeneity of sources, data, and users.

Graves, Sara; Knoblock, Craig A.; Lannom, Larry

2002-01-01

131

Maori access to information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extent of Internet access is a key indicator of the Maori people’s ability to use information technologies for social, e-commerce and e-government communication. The key findings from national surveys of Internet use during 2000 and 2001, together with census data, provide an indication of Internet access amongst Maori. The results show there is a substantial “digital divide” between Maori

Brett Parker

2003-01-01

132

Managing information technology security risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information Technology (IT) Security Risk Management is a critical task for the organization to protect against the loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability of IT resources. As systems bgecome more complex and diverse and and attacks from intrusions and malicious content increase, it is becoming increasingly difficult to manage IT security risk. This paper describes a two-pronged approach in addressing IT security risk and risk management in the organization: 1) an institutional enterprise appraoch, and 2) a project life cycle approach.

Gilliam, David

2003-01-01

133

A STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON BUSINESS PROCESSES USING DISCRETE EVENT SIMULATION: A REPRISE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advocates of Business Process (BP) approaches argue that the real value of IT is that it provokes innovative changes in business processes. Despite the fact that many BP and IT academics and practitioners agree on this idea, BP and IT design are still performed separately. Moreover, there is very little research that is concerned with studying the ways in which

JULIE EATOCK; RAY J. PAUL; ALAN SERRANO

134

System Detection Technology Based on Multisensor Information Fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

System detection technology based on multi-sensor information fusion makes full use of redundant and complementary information between sensors, which overcomes the shortcomings of single sensor and improves the detection accuracy. In this paper, the detection technology is briefly introduced, which contains the basic model and detection process of a detection system. According to the different abstract degree of information, the

Ma Li; Xu Cixiong; He Zhengfeng

2011-01-01

135

Information Technology Online: A Knowledge Framework for Curriculum Externalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with increasing competition for students and funds, Australian universities hope that innovative technologies will provide the capability to offer flexible learning pathways that meet the needs of current and future students. However, the application of such technologies to develop an IT (information technology) degree for online external delivery is a difficult and complex process with both technological and human

Andrew Finegan; Jodi Tutty; Barbara White

136

Information Services for Local Agenda 21 Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under auspices of Information Society Program of European Union a consortium is undertaking a demonstration action project to facilitate the use of information and communication technology with Local Agenda 21 Processes (LAP). The demonstration action aims at bringing existing telematics services and appli- cations closer to the groups engaged in LAP in order to stimulate their awareness and understanding for

K. Maetzel; I. Mistrik; M. Ockenfeld

1998-01-01

137

The process of process reengineering: simulation for business processes and information systems design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business Process (BP) literature promotes the value of business processes as essential gearwheels that help organizations to reach their goals. Similarly, many process design approaches claim that Information Technology (IT) is a major enabler of business process, a view also shared by the Information Systems (IS) community. Despite this, BP and IS approaches do not provide clear guidance on how

Ray J. Paul; Alan Serrano

2003-01-01

138

Overcoming the Glassy-Eyed Nod: An Application of Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning Techniques in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two significant problems faced by universities are to ensure sustainability and to produce quality graduates. Four aspects of these problems are to improve engagement, to foster interaction, develop required skills and to effectively gauge the level of attention and comprehension within lectures and large tutorials. Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry…

Myers, Trina; Monypenny, Richard; Trevathan, Jarrod

2012-01-01

139

A Transfer of Technology from Engineering: Use of ROC Curves from Signal Detection Theory to Investigate Information Processing in the Brain during Sensory Difference Testing  

PubMed Central

This article reviews a beneficial effect of technology transfer from Electrical Engineering to Food Sensory Science. Specifically, it reviews the recent adoption in Food Sensory Science of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, a tool that is incorporated in the theory of signal detection. Its use allows the information processing that takes place in the brain during sensory difference testing to be studied and understood. The review deals with how Signal Detection Theory, also called Thurstonian modeling, led to the adoption of a more sophisticated way of analyzing the data from sensory difference tests, by introducing the signal-to-noise ratio, d?, as a fundamental measure of perceived small sensory differences. Generally, the method of computation of d? is a simple matter for some of the better known difference tests like the triangle, duo–trio and 2-AFC. However, there are occasions when these tests are not appropriate and other tests like the same–different and the A Not–A test are more suitable. Yet, for these, it is necessary to understand how the brain processes information during the test before d? can be computed. It is for this task that the ROC curve has a particular use.

Wichchukit, Sukanya; O'Mahony, Michael

2010-01-01

140

Distillation process using microchannel technology  

DOEpatents

The disclosed invention relates to a distillation process for separating two or more components having different volatilities from a liquid mixture containing the components. The process employs microchannel technology for effecting the distillation and is particularly suitable for conducting difficult separations, such as the separation of ethane from ethylene, wherein the individual components are characterized by having volatilities that are very close to one another.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Dublin, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Carbondale, IL); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Yuschak, Thomas (Dublin, OH); Hickey, Thomas P. (Dublin, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Smith, Amanda (Galloway, OH); Litt, Robert Dwayne (Westerville, OH); Neagle, Paul (Westerville, OH)

2009-11-03

141

Introduction. Information, knowledge and technology.  

PubMed

Technology is the sum of the ways in which social groups manipulate order in the world to achieve their ends. It enables our active engagement with the world. Technology is central to our present well-being and vital for our future survival. As such it needs a coherent world view, a conceptual framework which will enable the fundamental problems that it poses for society to be approached in an illuminating way. Furthermore, such an approach, while remaining convincing, must not be overwhelmed by an ever-increasing welter of specialization and diversity of application. It is the purpose of the set of papers presented here to examine some key aspects of such a conceptual framework; not in the sense of offering a fully worked out philosophy of technology--that would be a huge and complex undertaking--but rather by considering some key topics. Subsidiary aims are to survey important relevant areas, to identify key sources that can provide access points for further study, and to consider some possible future developments. Major, coherent domains of activity are characterized by a few, fundamental, extensively used and essentially unifying concepts. Technology is such a domain, and its fundamental concepts are information, knowledge and agency. The following sections give a synoptic overview of the material presented in this theme issue, and set it within a wider context. PMID:12952675

MacFarlane, Alistair G J

2003-08-15

142

Information Technology Section. Management and Technology Division. Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on information technology, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "Automation's Impact on (Information) Users" by Arja-Riitta Haarala (Finland); (2) "Economics and Politics of Information Technology: Some Trends in Its Application to Information for the…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

143

Underlying Technical Models for Information Technology Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Report for Information Technology Security provides a description of the technical foundations, termed 'models,' that underlie secure information technology (IT). The intent is to provide, in a concise form, the models that should be considered in the...

G. R. Stoneburner

2001-01-01

144

Information Technology (IT) Across Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The IT Across Careers (ITAC) team is part of the Workforce and Human Development group within the Learning and Teaching Division of the Education Development Center (EDC). ITAC develops and designs standards-based programs and curricula with technology at the core in partnerships with communities, public and private organizations, and the education sector. Their mission is to support information and communication technology (ICT) fluency for all learners and nurture the interests and talents of all users and producers of ICT. The National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the IT Across Careers Project at Education Development Center, Inc. to develop a common curricular framework and resources for teaching the basic (core) IT applications across all program or career areas. The ITAC project has developed a library of resources that provide a common, skills-based structure.

2008-11-04

145

Conceptual models of information processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conceptual information processing issues are examined. Human information processing is defined as an active cognitive process that is analogous to a system. It is the flow and transformation of information within a human. The human is viewed as an active information seeker who is constantly receiving, processing, and acting upon the surrounding environmental stimuli. Human information processing models are conceptual representations of cognitive behaviors. Models of information processing are useful in representing the different theoretical positions and in attempting to define the limits and capabilities of human memory. It is concluded that an understanding of conceptual human information processing models and their applications to systems design leads to a better human factors approach.

Stewart, L. J.

1983-01-01

146

Information technology strategic planning: art or science?  

PubMed

It had been almost a decade since the hospitals that make up the Daughters of Charity Health System (DCHS) had engaged in a formal information technology strategic planning process. In the summer of 2002, as the health system re-formed, there was a unique opportunity to introduce a planning process that reflected the governance style of the new health system. DCHS embarked on this journey, with the CIO initiating and formally sponsoring the information technology strategic planning process in a dynamic and collaborative manner The system sought to develop a plan tailored to encompass both enterprise-wide and local requirements; to develop a governance model to engage the members of the local health ministries in plan development, both now and in the future; and to conduct the process in a manner that reflected the values of the Daughters of Charity. The DCHS CIO outlined a premise that the CIO would guide and be continuously involved in the development of this tailored process, in conjunction with an external resource. Together, there would be joint responsibility for introducing a flexible information technology strategic planning methodology; providing an education on the current state of healthcare IT, including future trends and success factors; facilitating support to tap into existing internal talent; cultivating a collaborative process to support both current requirements and future vision; and developing a well-functioning governance structure that would enable the plan to evolve and reflect user community requirements. This article highlights the planning process, including the lessons learned, the benchmarking during and in post-planning, and finally, but most importantly, the unexpected benefit that resulted from this planning process. PMID:16045082

Hutsell, Richard; Mancini-Newell, Lulcy

2005-01-01

147

Information processing in biological systems  

SciTech Connect

This volume presents frontier research in information processing related to a variety of biological systems, including small assemblies of neurons in the cortex and large-scale metabolic systems; the statistics, dynamics, and phase transitions of stochastic information processing; and the microscopic-macroscopic interface in biological information processing. Physical principles and proteinoid experiments are discussed regarding the emergence of life and information and cause. The final paper offers a design for a one-dimensional brain.

Mintz, S.L.; Perlmutter, A.

1985-01-01

148

Information Selection in Intelligence Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In many intelligence agencies, the processing of data into usable information ready for analysis poses a significant bottleneck. Typically, much more data is available than can be processed in the limited time available for processing. We formulate the pr...

Y. Nevo

2011-01-01

149

Integrating Information & Communications Technologies into the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Integrating Information & Communications Technologies Into the Classroom" examines topics critical to business, computer science, and information technology education, such as: school improvement and reform, standards-based technology education programs, data-driven decision making, and strategic technology education planning. This book also…

Tomei, Lawrence, Ed.

2007-01-01

150

Alignment strategies and frameworks in co-evolution of business and information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology has become an increasingly integral part of business organizations and a greater interdependence between information technology and business has evolved. The growing business requirements create opportunities for new technologies and advancements in technology provide new business processes and models. Therefore, co-evolutionary changes generate successes in business organizations. Since each evolution requirement either in business processes or information technology

Muhammad Asif Khan; Hussein Zedan

2010-01-01

151

TEACHING RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on an approach to teaching an Information Technology Research Methodology course in a doctoral program, the Doctorate of Management in Information Technology. In this program dissertation research comprises a significant part of the degree following coursework in the domain of information technology. The paper was motivated by the desire to share the experience of the teaching team

S. Alan McCord

152

Technology development life cycle processes.  

SciTech Connect

This report and set of appendices are a collection of memoranda originally drafted in 2009 for the purpose of providing motivation and the necessary background material to support the definition and integration of engineering and management processes related to technology development. At the time there was interest and support to move from Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) Level One (ad hoc processes) to Level Three. As presented herein, the material begins with a survey of open literature perspectives on technology development life cycles, including published data on %E2%80%9Cwhat went wrong.%E2%80%9D The main thrust of the material presents a rational expose%CC%81 of a structured technology development life cycle that uses the scientific method as a framework, with further rigor added from adapting relevant portions of the systems engineering process. The material concludes with a discussion on the use of multiple measures to assess technology maturity, including consideration of the viewpoint of potential users.

Beck, David Franklin

2013-05-01

153

Space information technologies: future agenda  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Satellites will operate more like wide area broadband computer networks in the 21st Century. Space-based information and communication technologies will therefore be a lot more accessible and functional for the individual user. These developments are the result of earth-based telecommunication and computing innovations being extended to space. The author predicts that the broadband Internet will eventually be available on demand to users of terrestrial networks wherever they are. Earth and space communication assets will be managed as a single network. Space networks will assure that online access is ubiquitous. No matter whether users are located in cities or in remote locations, they will always be within reach of a node on the Internet. Even today, scalable bandwidth can be delivered to active users when moving around in vehicles on the ground, or aboard ships at sea or in the air. Discussion of the innovative technologies produced by NASA's Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (1993-2004) demonstrates future capabilities of satellites that make them uniquely suited to serve as nodes on the broadband Internet.

Flournoy, Don M.

2005-11-01

154

Information Processing Theory: Classroom Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The information processing model, a theoretical framework of how humans think, reason, and learn, views human cognitive functioning as analogous to the operation of a computer. This paper uses the increased understanding of the information processing model to provide teachers with suggestions for improving the teaching-learning process. Major…

Slate, John R.; Charlesworth, John R., Jr.

155

Informing Lesson Design with Human Information Processing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing effective instruction is the goal of any instructional designer. This article discusses how lesson design can be enhanced by incorporating certain fundamentals of cognitive psychology. The stages of human information processing and a typical four-step lesson are integrated in a model that can inform instructional design. (Contains 1…

Gagel, Charles W.

2005-01-01

156

Micro/Nano Processing Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course introduces the theory and technology of micro/nano fabrication. Lectures and laboratory sessions focus on basic processing techniques such as diffusion, oxidation, photolithography, chemical vapor deposition, and more. Through team lab assignments, students are expected to gain an understanding of these processing techniques, and how they are applied in concert to device fabrication. Students enrolled in this course have a unique opportunity to fashion and test micro/nano-devices, using modern techniques and technology.This course features detailed lecture slides in the lecture notes section, along with other lab materials used by students in the course in the labs section. In addition, problem sets with solutions are also provided in the assignments section.

Ruff, Susan; Schmidt, Martin

2008-11-13

157

Information Technologies (ITs) in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, “learning at bedside,” aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medical education – their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education.

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Toromanovic, Selim; Masic, Fedja; Sivic, Suad; Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Zlatan

2011-01-01

158

Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT) is a âÂÂconsortium of 10 community colleges throughout Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakotaâ focused on âÂÂstrengthening and expanding the regionâÂÂs information technology (IT) workforce.â On their site, visitors will find information on MCITâÂÂs initiatives and impact, as well as resources about MCITâÂÂs research and information technology recruitment and careers. This is a useful resource for helping community college students or recent graduates find information on information technology professional development.

2007-04-23

159

Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

Newman, Peter

2010-01-01

160

Preparing for a New Century: Information Technology Workforce Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to determine workforce needs in the new information technology/knowledge-based world in order to design a coherent minor program in information technology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for the non-technically oriented college student. The process consisted of three phases: site visits to five…

Teeter, Thomas A.; Bailey, Janet L.; Cherepski, Don D.; Faucett, John; Hines, Robert J.; Jovanovic, Nickolas S.; Tschumi, Pete; Walker, Jeffery T.; Watson, Gretchen B.

161

Funding Models for Information Technology in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A persistent increase in student, faculty, and administrative demand for information technology has resulted in a sharp rise in the total cost of computing services to universities. In response, universities must develop long-term strategic planning processes and policies to establish priorities for information technology investments, determine…

Orcutt, Ronald L.

1986-01-01

162

Bilingualism and Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mental activities and information learned in one context are not necessarily available for use in another. They often have to be learned anew in the second context, although perhaps with less time and effort. The fact is, however, that relatively little i...

P. A. Kolers

1968-01-01

163

Robonaut's Flexible Information Technology Infrastructure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Robonaut, NASA's humanoid robot, is designed to work as both an astronaut assistant and, in certain situations, an astronaut surrogate. This highly dexterous robot performs complex tasks under telepresence control that could previously only be carried out directly by humans. Currently with 47 degrees of freedom (DOF), Robonaut is a state-of-the-art human size telemanipulator system. while many of Robonaut's embedded components have been custom designed to meet packaging or environmental requirements, the primary computing systems used in Robonaut are currently commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) products which have some correlation to flight qualified computer systems. This loose coupling of information technology (IT) resources allows Robonaut to exploit cost effective solutions while floating the technology base to take advantage of the rapid pace of IT advances. These IT systems utilize a software development environment, which is both compatible with COTS hardware as well as flight proven computing systems, preserving the majority of software development for a flight system. The ability to use highly integrated and flexible COTS software development tools improves productivity while minimizing redesign for a space flight system. Further, the flexibility of Robonaut's software and communication architecture has allowed it to become a widely used distributed development testbed for integrating new capabilities and furthering experimental research.

Askew, Scott; Bluethmann, William; Alder, Ken; Ambrose, Robert

2003-01-01

164

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2012-07-01

165

Managing technology intelligence processes in situations of radical technological change  

Microsoft Academic Search

For established companies, radical technological change is not only a challenge, but it also constitutes a major source of failure. By establishing effective technology intelligence processes, companies may react to radical trends in time which is a prerequisite for coping with technological change. Therefore, this study analyzes the technology intelligence processes in 25 multinational companies in the pharmaceutical, telecommunications equipment

Eckhard Lichtenthaler

2007-01-01

166

Information technology mediated education - revolution not evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology, and in particular distance education technology, is becoming more prevalent across society and throughout higher education. But as information technology mediated education moves from trials towards educating non-trivial numbers of students, we can expect established universities to resist wholesale adoption; particularly when it threatens core perceptions of what students want and need and the culture and financial model

Tom Lookabaugh; Douglas C. Sicker

2004-01-01

167

Readiness levels for spacecraft information technologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented in this paper is a modified interpretation of the traditional TRLs aimed solely at information technology. The intent of this new set of definitions is twofold: First, to enable a definitive measurement of progress among developing information technologies for spacecraft; and second, to clarify particular challenges and requirements that must be met as these technologies are validated in increasingly realistic environments.

Mackey, R.; Some, R.; Aljabri, A.

2003-01-01

168

Evaluation and Assessment in Educational Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the following articles on evaluating and assessing educational information technology: (1) "Assessing Learning in the New Age of Information Technology in Education" (Leping Liu, D. LaMont Johnson, Cleborne D. Maddux, and Norma J. Henderson); (2) "Instruments for Assessing the Impact of Technology in Education" (Rhonda…

Liu, Leping, Ed.; Johnson, D. LaMont, Ed.; Maddux, Cleborne D., Ed.; Henderson, Norma J., Ed.

169

Information Technology Application to Construction Management Modernization  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decades, following the complication and internationalization of construction project, its modes of management are getting towards to the whole life integration, and the modern information technology which is developing fast becomes to be an important assistant tool of construction management modernization. Using the information technology such as web, virtual simulation (VS) technology and Group Decision Support System

ZHANG Ming-yuanI; YUAN Yong-bot

2007-01-01

170

Information Technology Section. Management and Technology Division. Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Papers on information technology, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) 'Automation's Impact on (Information) Users' by Arja-Riitta Haarala (Finland); (2) 'Economics and Politics ...

1983-01-01

171

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2012-10-01

172

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2011-10-01

173

Technological change and the technology intelligence process: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various reasons are brought forward for the demise of companies in the face of fundamental technological change. Most often blamed is an insufficient technology intelligence process. However, existing research is contradictory on how this process should be organised. Therefore it is the objective of this case study to derive insight into the organisation of the technology intelligence process by analysing

Eckhard Lichtenthaler

2004-01-01

174

Land Administration, Information Technology and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land administration reforms into the future are likely to be influenced by: • Society's changing priorities • Globalization • Information technology revolution The latter is an important tool in delivering land information systems that support society's changing needs. However, technology also has the potential to dominate rather than serve society. The challenge will be to harness the information revolution to

Lisa Ting; Ian Williamson

175

Technology Transfer and the Product Development Process  

SciTech Connect

It is my pleasure this morning to address a topic that is much talked about in passing but rarely examined from a first person point of view. That topic is Technology Transfer. Over the next 30 minutes I'd like to approach Technology Transfer within the context of the Product Development Process looking at it from the perspectives of the federal government researcher and the industry manufacturer/user. Fist let us recognize that we are living in an ''Information Age'', where global economic and military competition is determined as much by technology as it is by natural resource assets. It is estimated that technical/scientific information is presently growing at a rate of l3 percent per year; this is expected to increase to 30 percent per year by the turn of the century. In fact, something like 90 percent of all scientific knowledge has been generated in the last 30 years; this pool will double again in the next 10-15 years (Exhibit 1). Of all the scientists and engineers throughout history, 90% live and work in the present time. Successfully managing this technical information/knowledge--i.e., transforming the results of R&D to practical applications--will be an important measure of national strength. A little over a dozen years ago, the United States with only 5 percent of the world's population was generating approximately 75 percent of the world's technology. The US. share is now 50 percent and may decline to 30 percent by the turn of the century. This decline won't be because of downturn in U.S. technological advances but because the other 95 percent of the world's population will be increasing its contribution. Economic and military strength then, will be determined by how quickly and successfully companies, industries, and nations can apply new technological information to practical applications--i.e., how they manage technology transfer within the context of the product development process. Much discussion and pronouncements are ongoing in public forums today over the apparent decline in global competitiveness of U.S. industry. The question is why does U.S. industry not succeed in the development and marketing of competitive products when they lead in the generation of new technology.

Mock, John E.

1989-03-21

176

Innovative Technologies for Science Data Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Information Technology and Systems Center (ITSC) at the University of Alabama has long been active in information technology research applied to Earth science data. This poster will showcase three key technologies being developed by ITSC: the Earth Science Markup Language (ESML), data mining applied to Earth science data, and data set independent subsetting tools. Each of these technologies is designed to ease data handling by Earth scientists, thereby freeing their time for research. ESML uses the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) as the basis for standardizing metadata or information about data formats, thus facilitating development of search, visualization, and analysis tools that are independent of data type or format. A unique feature of ESML is that it not only describes the content and structure of the data, but also provides semantic information, which allows an application to intelligently interpret the data. Thus, ESML provides a means for working with legacy, current, and future data sets in an integrated fashion, by defining a standard for external metadata to describe the content, structure, and semantics of a file. The Algorithm Development and Mining (ADaM) system applies data mining technologies to Earth science remote sensing data and other spatial data sets. The ADaM system consists of a series of interoperable data readers, preprocessing and analysis modules, and data writers, which can be linked together in many ways to create customized mining processes. This system has been applied to several Earth science problems including tropical cyclone detection, cloud classification, lightning detection, and mesoscale convective system identification. Current research is adapting data mining technologies for real-time processing on board satellites. ITSC has also developed several tools for science data subsetting. The HDF-EOS Web-Based Subsetter (HEW) is designed to work on any properly formatted HDF-EOS swath or grid data file. UAH is working with instrument teams to determine subsetting needs and assist in data production with subsetting in mind, and HEW has been successfully tested with data from many of the instruments on the Terra, Aqua, and Aura satellites. In addition, the ADaM processing framework can be used for many types of data processing including subsetting, subsampling, averaging, and format conversions. The modular design of this system allows it to be easily extended to support additional data sets. Specialized applications can be built on this general purpose subsetting framework using customized combinations of readers, operators, and writers for different end users.

Ramachandran, R.; Conover, H. T.; Graves, S. J.; Keiser, K.; Smith, M. R.

2001-05-01

177

Assessing the impact of information technology on firm performance considering the role of intervening variables: organizational infrastructures and business processes reengineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between the use of information technology (IT) and firm performance has been widely researched over recent years. However, there has been no well-founded empirical research on the role of intervening variables on such a relationship. The current paper aims to present an instrument to be used in such research and to study the role of two intervening variables

A. Albadvi; A. Keramati; J. Razmi

2007-01-01

178

Basic Research in the Information Technology Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why do information technology companies support exploratory research in physics and allied fields? The answer is simple-because of the need to bring new technology quickly to market. Ultimately, even long-term research is all about speed.

Theis, Thomas N.; Horn, Paul M.

2003-07-01

179

Information Processing/Data Automation Implications of Air Force Command and Control Requirements in the 1980s (CCIP-85). Volume VII. Technology Trends: Integrated Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study of integrated design requirements, as part of the CCIP-85 study, is to determine from previous project experience the necessary conditions for effective integrated design of Air Force command and control information-processing sy...

1973-01-01

180

Information Technology: Architecture Needed to Guide NASA's Financial Management Modernization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is in the process of modernizing its financial management operations and supporting information technology systems. This modernization, known as the Integrated Financial Management Program (IFMP), i...

2003-01-01

181

Research Forecasting for Health Information Technology (HIT), using technology intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the rapid pace of change in technology and its impact on society, there is an increasing demand for use of Technology Forecasting methods to improve policy planning and implementation. One such area is the field of Health Care and the impact of Health Information Technology (HIT) on this field. Using HIT has shown to be associated with reduced

Nima A. Behkami; Tugrul U. Daim

182

Information processing, computation, and cognition  

PubMed Central

Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both – although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use ‘computation’ and ‘information processing’ to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and foremost, that they are the same thing. In this paper, we address this unsatisfactory state of affairs by presenting a general and theory-neutral account of computation and information processing. We also apply our framework by analyzing the relations between computation and information processing on one hand and classicism, connectionism, and computational neuroscience on the other. We defend the relevance to cognitive science of both computation, at least in a generic sense, and information processing, in three important senses of the term. Our account advances several foundational debates in cognitive science by untangling some of their conceptual knots in a theory-neutral way. By leveling the playing field, we pave the way for the future resolution of the debates’ empirical aspects.

Scarantino, Andrea

2010-01-01

183

Information Power: The Planning Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the planning process described in the new guidelines for school library media programs developed cooperatively by the American Association of School Librarians and the Association for Educational Communications and Technology. Topics discussed include the rationale for planning, benefits and risks, and steps in the planning process. (10…

Patrick, Retta B.

1988-01-01

184

How To Be Better Partners with Information Technology Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The college registrar can help campus information technology (IT) specialists identify/clarify new information management needs, by defining the business process within which the new task will function; determining the task's interaction requirements; listing details of the business process to be automated; letting IT professionals know the best…

Stewart, Sandra M.

1996-01-01

185

SHIFT: Shared Information Framework and Technology Concept.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Shared Information Framework and Technology (SHIFT) was originally created for MNE 5 covering the aspects of information sharing as a concept and its supporting tools within a comprehensive approach framework. SHIFT is used in MNE 5 to experiment with inf...

S. Vesterinen

2009-01-01

186

Impact of information technology on medicine  

SciTech Connect

Although the health sciences will benefit from many of the advances in information technology that are applied to a wide variety of research areas, information technology is of particular importance to health care delivery. Developments of computerized patient records will enhance the efficiency effectiveness, and distribution of health care. As managed care programs develop, population-based information will be of increasing importance to health care providers and to the public health community. The capacity to transmit this information. 3 refs.

Shine, K.I.

1996-12-31

187

Visual Information Processing for Television and Telerobotics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This publication is a compilation of the papers presented at the NASA conference on Visual Information Processing for Television and Telerobotics. The conference was held at the Williamsburg Hilton, Williamsburg, Virginia on May 10 to 12, 1989. The conference was sponsored jointly by NASA Offices of Aeronautics and Space Technology (OAST) and Space Science and Applications (OSSA) and the NASA Langley Research Center. The presentations were grouped into three sessions: Image Gathering, Coding, and Advanced Concepts; Systems; and Technologies. The program was organized to provide a forum in which researchers from industry, universities, and government could be brought together to discuss the state of knowledge in image gathering, coding, and processing methods.

Huck, Friedrich O. (editor); Park, Stephen K. (editor)

1989-01-01

188

Commercial Parts Technology Qualification Processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many high-reliability systems, including space systems, use selected commercial parts (including Plastic Encapsulated Microelectronics or PEMs) for unique functionality, small size, low weight, high mechanical shock resistance, and other factors. Predominantly this usage is subjected to certain 100% tests (typically called screens) and certain destructive tests usually (but not always) performed on the flight lot (typically called qualification tests). Frequently used approaches include those documented in EEE-INST-002 and JPL DocID62212 (which are sometimes modified by the particular aerospace space systems manufacturer). In this study, approaches from these documents and several space systems manufacturers are compared to approaches from a launch systems manufacturer (SpaceX), an implantable medical electronics manufacturer (Medtronics), and a high-reliability transport system process (automotive systems). In the conclusions section, these processes are outlined for all of these cases and presented in tabular form. Then some simple comparisons are made. In this introduction section, the PEM technology qualification process is described, as documented in EEE-INST-002 (written by the Goddard Space Flight Center, GSFC), as well as the somewhat modified approach employed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Approaches used at several major NASA contractors are also described

Cooper, Mark S.

2013-01-01

189

Nonconservative Probabilistic Information Processing Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is concerned with two large-scale simulation experiments on probabilistic information processing (PIP) systems. One, a very large and prolonged study of four systems, yielded the conclusion that PIP is indeed an efficient philosophy for informa...

W. Edwards

1966-01-01

190

Information and Communication Technologies in Social Work  

PubMed Central

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are electronic tools used to convey, manipulate and store information. The exponential growth of Internet access and ICTs greatly influenced social, political, and economic processes in the United States, and worldwide. Regardless of the level of practice, ICTs will continue influencing the careers of social workers and the clients they serve. ICTs have received some attention in the social work literature and curriculum, but we argue that this level of attention is not adequate given their ubiquity, growth and influence, specifically as it relates to upholding social work ethics. Significant attention is needed to help ensure social workers are responsive to the technological changes in the health care system, including the health care infrastructure and use of technology among clients. Social workers also need ICT competencies in order to effectively lead different types of social change initiatives or collaborate with professionals of other disciplines who are using ICTs as part of existing strategies. This paper also identifies potential pitfalls and challenges with respect to the adoption of ICTs, with recommendations for advancing their use in practice, education, and research.

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry O.; Glass, Joseph E.; Margerum-Leys, Jon

2011-01-01

191

Evaluation Criteria for Solid Waste Processing Research and Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary list of criteria is proposed for evaluation of solid waste processing technologies for research and technology development (R&TD) in the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. Completion of the proposed list by current and prospective ALS technology developers, with regard to specific missions of interest, may enable identification of appropriate technologies (or lack thereof) and guide future development efforts for the ALS Program solid waste processing area. An attempt is made to include criteria that capture information about the technology of interest as well as its system-wide impacts. Some of the criteria in the list are mission-independent, while the majority are mission-specific. In order for technology developers to respond to mission-specific criteria, critical information must be available on the quantity, composition and state of the waste stream, the wast processing requirements, as well as top-level mission scenario information (e.g. safety, resource recovery, planetary protection issues, and ESM equivalencies). The technology readiness level (TRL) determines the degree to which a technology developer is able to accurately report on the list of criteria. Thus, a criteria-specific minimum TRL for mandatory reporting has been identified for each criterion in the list. Although this list has been developed to define criteria that are needed to direct funding of solid waste processing technologies, this list processes significant overlap in criteria required for technology selection for inclusion in specific tests or missions. Additionally, this approach to technology evaluation may be adapted to other ALS subsystems.

Levri, Julie A.; Hogan, J. A.; Alazraki, M. P.

2001-01-01

192

TECHNOLOGICAL OVERVIEW REPORTS FOR EIGHT SHALE OIL RECOVERY PROCESSES  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the document is to supply background information for evaluation of environmental impacts and pollution control technologies in connection with oil shale development. Six surface retorting processes selected for characterization were: (1) Union Oil Retort B, (2) Par...

193

Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cells (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cell that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01

194

Adoption of Information Technology by Advertising Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since little empirical research has been conducted on adoption of currently available information technology by the advertising industry, a study explored the extent of advertising agencies' adoption of selected information technologies such as online database services and electronic mail. The study discussed data from earlier studies and analyzed…

Herling, Thomas J.; Merskin, Debra

195

A strategic framework for information technology planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this investigation is to improve the planning, selection, and justification of information technology (IT) projects as a vehicle for business enhancement. The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) criteria are used herein as a framework for strategic planning of information technology implementation. Research findings suggest that application of these criteria in isolation is not sufficient for planning

M. W. Usrey; K. Radhakrishnan

1999-01-01

196

Curriculum Development and New Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports of achievements in developments in new information technology in schools lament the, as yet, unfulfilled hopes that they will radically change education. Those involved in new information technology sometimes seem to imagine that the problems of change that they face are somehow unique and have not been faced by others who have set out to change the curriculum.[l

Robert McCormick

1992-01-01

197

Information Technology Outreach in the UIC Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Library Information Technology Arcade (Info Tech Arcade) has facilitated research and teaching on campus, assisted faculty with their information technology needs, consulted on library Web sites for various organizations city-wide, and hosted servers for a dozen institutions in the nation. With a small budget, a wide-ranging collection of equipment and software, and staffed

Li Fu

2002-01-01

198

Application of information technologies in academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main purpose of this investigation is to define the status of the application of information technology in academic libraries located in Kerman, the center and largest city of Kerman Province, Iran, and to understand the problems and difficulties in using information technology in these libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The survey has covered 17 libraries belonging to Shahid Bahonar

Faranak Mohsenzadeh; Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam

2009-01-01

199

Older Adults' Acceptance of Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated variables contributing to older adults' information technology acceptance through a survey, which was used to find factors explaining and predicting older adults' information technology acceptance behaviors. Four factors, including needs satisfaction, perceived usability, support availability, and public acceptance, were…

Wang, Lin; Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Salvendy, Gavriel

2011-01-01

200

Employment, Trends, and Training in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, students, workers, and jobseekers have received mixed signals about the job market for information technology. Periods of strong job growth have been punctuated by brief periods of employment declines. Optimism about information technology (commonly referred to as IT) as a career field has been tempered by concerns about job…

Wright, Benjamin

2009-01-01

201

Information security technologies as a commodity input  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The paper provides a pragmatic evaluation of the value that security technologies deliver to businesses. It contains recommendations for how businesses can best view the role of security technologies within an information security program. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The findings in the paper are derived from the observations of the author in his role as an information security consultant working

Andrew Stewart

2005-01-01

202

New Information Technologies: Possible Implications for Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents observations about developments in information technology that will influence the information industry and libraries of the future. Discusses search engine capabilities; push technology; electronic commerce; WebTV; and optical discs with links to Web sites. Ten figures provide illustrations and charts. (AEF)

de Stricker, Ulla

1998-01-01

203

Simulation for business processes and information systems design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business process (BP) literature promotes the value of business processes as essential gearwheels that help organizations to reach their goals. Similarly, many process design approaches claim that information technology (IT) is a major enabler of business process, a view also shared by the information systems (IS) community. Despite this, BP and IS approaches do not provide clear guidance on how

Ray J. Paul; Alan Serrano

2003-01-01

204

Systematically disseminating technological information to potential users  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rapid technological information dissemination system related to the field of remote sensing is presented. The technology transfer staff systematically designed instructional materials and activities using the matrix as an organizer to meet the need of the students, scientists and users in a rapidly expanding technology.

Russell, J. D.

1976-01-01

205

Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Website  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology Program (CICT) was established in 2001 to ensure NASA's Continuing leadership in emerging technologies. It is a coordinated, Agency-wide effort to develop and deploy key enabling technologies for a broad range of mission-critical tasks. The NASA CICT program is designed to address Agency-specific computing, information, and communications technology requirements beyond the projected capabilities of commercially available solutions. The areas of technical focus have been chosen for their impact on NASA's missions, their national importance, and the technical challenge they provide to the Program. In order to meet its objectives, the CICT Program is organized into the following four technology focused projects: 1) Computing, Networking and Information Systems (CNIS); 2) Intelligent Systems (IS); 3) Space Communications (SC); 4) Information Technology Strategic Research (ITSR).

Hardman, John; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

206

Information Technology Research and Education at NSF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF has been a leader in the development of new information technologies, including support for work in education and technology. Often, opportunities for educators are found in larger efforts. This is the case for the Information Technology Research (ITR) program. It has now been extended to education areas, as announced in NSF Publication 00-126. Links to the program announcement in multiple formats are found at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsf00126.

Wink, Donald J.

2000-11-01

207

Optical Disk Technology and Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides basic information on videodisks and potential applications, including inexpensive online storage, random access graphics to complement online information systems, hybrid network architectures, office automation systems, and archival storage. (JN)

Goldstein, Charles M.

1982-01-01

208

Information Technology and Educational Amnesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Waves of enthusiasm for technological innovations that promise to revitalize teaching and learning are at least a century old. Unfortunately, the record of accomplishment for the many varieties of hardware and software introduced into schools over the decades is remarkably thin. Today's promoters of technology in education tend to forget similar…

Winner, Langdon

2009-01-01

209

76 FR 78009 - Information Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...regarding Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision. Public...techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Submit...

2011-12-15

210

Electrochemical Science and Technology Information Resource (ESTIR)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Electrochemical Science and Technology Information Resource, hosted by the Ernest B. Yeager Center for Electrochemical Sciences (YCES) and the Chemical Engineering Department, Case Western Reserve University, is exactly what the name implies, a site containing a wealth of electrochemical science and technology resources. ESTIR was created based on frequently asked questions to the sci.chem.electrochem newsgroup. Resources are divided into twelve categories, including Internet resources, public domain information, scientific/technical societies and journals, and graduate school information.

1998-01-01

211

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR COLLABORATIVE WORKING IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of information and communication technology (ICT) in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) sector has evolved over several years. However, although organisations invest in ICT in their bid to harness technology and streamline business processes for improved project management, they continue to experience problems that militate against successful implementation of ICT projects. This results from cultural, organisational and

Onuegbu O. Ugwu

212

Influence of information technology on military radar systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses influence of information technology (IT) on military radar systems and how this impacts upon conducting military operations. Applications of new technologies in three basic areas of military radar systems are considered: surveillance and automatic target recognition systems; tracking systems and data and signal processing. Some possible uses of radar data are shown along with how this will

P. M. Jeliazov; M. P. Jeliazov; M. S. Marinov

2004-01-01

213

Education, Information Technologies, and the Augmentation of Human Intellect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author believes that information technologies are powerfully heuristic in addressing one of education's deepest ambitions. Following Engelbart's paradigm, he sees these technologies as augmenting human intellect, not simply because they permit high-speed calculations but also because they externalize our own cognitive processes in a way that…

Campbell, Gardner

2006-01-01

214

Intergration or information technology in nursing simulation training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The healthcare workforce is increasingly moving towards the global adoption of computer applications and technology for effective and efficient delivery of healthcare services. This emphasizes the need to integrate the use of information technology especially the electronic medical records (EMR) into the learning process of the health professions student, thereby exposing them to the use of EMR at each level

Jennie Q. Lou; Elizabeth Oviawe; Wendy Thomson

2010-01-01

215

Fostering an informal learning community of computer technologies at school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer technologies develop at a challenging fast pace. Formal education should not only teach students basic computer skills to meet current computer needs, but also foster student development of informal learning ability for a lifelong learning process. On the other hand, students growing up in the digital world are often more skilled with computer technologies than their teachers. We describe

Lu Xiao; John M. Carroll

2007-01-01

216

ICAT and the NASA technology transfer process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will address issues related to NASA's technology transfer process and will cite the example of using ICAT technologies in educational tools. The obstacles to effective technology transfer will be highlighted, viewing the difficulties in achieving successful transfers of ICAT technologies.

Rifkin, Noah; Tencate, Hans; Watkins, Alison

1993-01-01

217

Production Technology, Information Technology, and Vertical Integration under Asymmetric Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the effect of technological progress on the frontiers of the firm, building on transaction cost theory and agency theory. The model incorporates four types of costs: production, coordination, management, and transaction costs. The market has lower production costs, but higher coordination costs, than the firm. A principal-two agents framework with adverse selection and moral hazard is adopted.

Gamal Atallah

2002-01-01

218

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include miniaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is less easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large data sets. Three limiting paradigms are as follows: saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage, and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear model of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1991-01-01

219

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include mineaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large datasets. Three limiting paradigms are saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear mode of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1990-01-01

220

The Evolution of Information Technology Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) management methods are changing with time. The main methodological shifts can be observed in management authority and responsibility distribution within a company. Four characteristic stages are spontaneous responsibility delegation stage, monopoly over information stage, business within business stage, and the stage of information economy. However, some serious dilemmas regarding the future of IT management remain.

Zeljko Panian

1999-01-01

221

Information Technology and the Human Research Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews how information technology supports the Human Research Facility (HRF) and specifically the uses that contractor has for the information. There is information about the contractor, the HRF, some of the experiments that were performed using the HRF on board the Shuttle, overviews of the data architecture, and software both commercial and specially developed software for the specific experiments.

Klee, Margaret

2002-01-01

222

Children Show Selective Trust in Technological Informants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although children are often exposed to technological devices early in life, little is known about how they evaluate these novel sources of information. In two experiments, children aged 3, 4, and 5 years old ("n" = 92) were presented with accurate and inaccurate computer informants, and they subsequently relied on information provided by…

Danovitch, Judith H.; Alzahabi, Reem

2013-01-01

223

Access Technology for Network Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the technical access barriers that inhibit the effective use of the information resources available on higher education networks; the emerging information server technology that promises to alleviate many access problems; and the growing popularity of the Z39.50 protocol, including questions about this information retrieval…

Lynch, Clifford A.

1990-01-01

224

Information Technology in Complex Health Services  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective: To identify impediments to the successful transfer and implementation of packaged information systems through large, divisionalized health services. Design: A case analysis of the failure of an implementation of a critical application in the Public Health System of the State of New South Wales, Australia, was carried out. This application had been proven in the United States environment. Measurements: Interviews involving over 60 staff at all levels of the service were undertaken by a team of three. The interviews were recorded and analyzed for key themes, and the results were shared and compared to enable a continuing critical assessment. Results: Two components of the transfer of the system were considered: the transfer from a different environment, and the diffusion throughout a large, divisionalized organization. The analyses were based on the Scott-Morton organizational fit framework. In relation to the first, it was found that there was a lack of fit in the business environments and strategies, organizational structures and strategy-structure pairing as well as the management process-roles pairing. The diffusion process experienced problems because of the lack of fit in the strategy-structure, strategy-structure-management processes, and strategy-structure-role relationships. Conclusion: The large-scale developments of integrated health services present great challenges to the efficient and reliable implementation of information technology, especially in large, divisionalized organizations. There is a need to take a more sophisticated approach to understanding the complexities of organizational factors than has traditionally been the case.

Southon, Frank Charles Gray; Sauer, Chris; Dampney, Christopher Noel Grant (Kit)

1997-01-01

225

Information architecture: Standards adoption and retirement process service action plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Service Action Plan is to announce, as well as provide, a high-level outline of a new Departmental process for the adoption and retirement of information technology standards. This process supports the implementation of a Department of Energy (DOE) Information Architecture. This plan was prepared with the Department of Energy information technology standards customers and stakeholders in mind. The process described in this plan will be serviced primarily by staff from the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Information Management with assistance from designated program and site Information Technology Standards Points of Contact. We welcome any comments regarding this new Departmental process and encourage the proposal of information technology standards for adoption or retirement.

NONE

1997-03-01

226

A framework for the utilization of information technology in higher education admission department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Through an examination of the admission department at Miami University of Ohio and their use of information technology, a generalized framework for the use of information technology in university admissions is proposed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper was developed to start an introduction to the admission process and the role of information technology in the process. The basis for

Michael McClea; David C. Yen

2005-01-01

227

Inquiry Learning’ Implementation and Evaluation in the Teaching of Information Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This text combines the inquiry learning method with the characteristics of information technology education, and completely exerts the autonomy, independence, collaboration, process and openness of inquiry learning, to promote the teaching of information technology. At the same time, this paper puts forward the evaluation rules of inquiry learning in the teaching of information technology and summarizes the attentive problems in the evaluation process.

Xue-song, Lu; Qi-hui, Liu; Jie, Chen

228

Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company information management technology architecture  

SciTech Connect

The Information Management Technology Architecture (TA) is being driven by the business objectives of reducing costs and improving effectiveness. The strategy is to reduce the cost of computing through standardization. The Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) TA is a set of standards and products for use at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The TA will provide direction for information management resource acquisitions, development of information systems, formulation of plans, and resolution of issues involving LMITCO computing resources. Exceptions to the preferred products may be granted by the Information Management Executive Council (IMEC). Certain implementation and deployment strategies are inherent in the design and structure of LMITCO TA. These include: migration from centralized toward distributed computing; deployment of the networks, servers, and other information technology infrastructure components necessary for a more integrated information technology support environment; increased emphasis on standards to make it easier to link systems and to share information; and improved use of the company`s investment in desktop computing resources. The intent is for the LMITCO TA to be a living document constantly being reviewed to take advantage of industry directions to reduce costs while balancing technological diversity with business flexibility.

Hughes, M.J.; Lau, P.K.S.

1996-05-01

229

(CICT) Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) program is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communications technologies. This viewgraph presentation includes diagrams of how the political guidance behind CICT is structured. The presentation profiles each part of the NASA Mission in detail, and relates the Mission to the activities of CICT. CICT's Integrated Capability Goal is illustrated, and hypothetical missions which could be enabled by CICT are profiled. CICT technology development is profiled.

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

230

CLEAN PROCESSES BRANCH (SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION, NRMRL)  

EPA Science Inventory

The mission of NRMRL's Sustainable Technology Division's Clean Processes Branch (CPB) is to develop and demonstrate pollution prevention and recycling, resource recovery and reuse technologies primarily through an in-house research program. The major technical programs within the...

231

Physical limits on information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive a fundamental upper bound on the rate at which a device can process information (i.e., the number of logical operations per unit time), arising from quantum mechanics and general relativity. In Planck units a device of volume V can execute no more than the cube root of V operations per unit time. We compare this to the rate of information processing performed by nature in the evolution of physical systems, and find a connection to black hole entropy and the holographic principle.

Hsu, Stephen D. H.

2006-09-01

232

Information and Communication Technologies for Reconstruction and Development: Afghanistan Challenges and Opportunities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The term information and communication technologies (ICTs) encompasses the range of technologies for gathering, storing, retrieving, processing, analyzing, and transmitting information that are essential to prospering in a globalized economy. Advances in ...

F. Kramer L. Wentz S. Starr

2008-01-01

233

Women Technology Leaders: Gender Issues in Higher Education Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women working in higher education information technology (IT) organizations and those seeking leadership positions in these organizations face a double challenge in overcoming the traditionally male-dominated environments of higher education and IT. Three women higher education chief information officers (CIOs) provided their perspectives,…

Drury, Marilyn

2011-01-01

234

78 FR 17233 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Process...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Process Safety Management of...as developing written process safety information...comments to the OMB, Office of Information and Regulatory...mechanical, or other technological collection techniques...Title of Collection: Process Safety Management...

2013-03-20

235

Hospital's medical technology evaluation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. The role of the medical technology evaluation program in the purchase of medical equipment is threefold: 1) assuring that biomedical equipment facilitates the delivery of quality patient care, 2) assuring that the equipment purchased meets the needs of all users, and 3) establishing hospital standards for biomedical equipment. Medical technology evaluation occurs in two phases. Phase

C. A. Blair; Y. B. David

2002-01-01

236

Automation technology using Geographic Information System (GIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Airport Surface Movement Area is but one of the actions taken to increase the capacity and safety of existing airport facilities. The System Integration Branch (SIB) has designed an integrated system consisting of an electronic moving display in the cockpit, and includes display of taxi routes which will warn controllers and pilots of the position of other traffic and warning information automatically. Although, this system has in test simulation proven to be accurate and helpful; the initial process of obtaining an airport layout of the taxi-routes and designing each of them is a very tedious and time-consuming process. Other methods of preparing the display maps are being researched. One such method is the use of the Geographical Information System (GIS). GIS is an integrated system of computer hardware and software linking topographical, demographic and other resource data that is being referenced. The software can support many areas of work with virtually unlimited information compatibility due to the system's open architecture. GIS will allow us to work faster with increased efficiency and accuracy while providing decision making capabilities. GIS is currently being used at the Langley Research Center with other applications and has been validated as an accurate system for that task. GIS usage for our task will involve digitizing aerial photographs of the topology for each taxi-runway and identifying each position according to its specific spatial coordinates. The information currently being used can be integrated with the GIS system, due to its ability to provide a wide variety of user interfaces. Much more research and data analysis will be needed before this technique will be used, however we are hopeful this will lead to better usage of man-power and technological capabilities for the future.

Brooks, Cynthia L.

1994-01-01

237

Processes and Problems in Information Consolidation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This general exposition of information consolidation and primer on information consolidation processes defines information consolidation; discusses the concept's evolution; summarizes its objectives, audiences, value, and benefits; discusses information consolidation processes including selection, evaluation, analysis, synthesis, restructuring,…

Saracevic, Tefko

1986-01-01

238

Information Power: The Planning Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the planning process described in "Information Power," recently published guidelines for school library media programs. Topics addressed include: (1) the rationale for program planning; (2) benefits and risks of planning; and (3) the steps in planning a curriculum-integrated program. An instrument for assessing preliminary conditions…

Patrick, Retta B.

1989-01-01

239

Dynamic Information and Library Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an introduction to automated information services: collection, analysis, classification, storage, retrieval, transmission, and dissemination. An introductory chapter is followed by an overview of mechanized processes for acquisitions, cataloging, and circulation. Automatic indexing and abstracting methods are covered, followed…

Salton, Gerard

240

Rail Technology and Systems Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from Federal Transit Administration reviews some of the challenges involved in subway design. On this page, visitors will find the aims of the program as well as further research and reports regarding the sharing of tracks between transit and freight railroads, tunnel design and construction, and subway environment simulation. There is also a link to the May 2005 final report on the General Atomics Low Speed Maglev Technology Development Program, a 174-page pdf.

2008-02-11

241

Information Technology and the Structuring of Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work in social theory departs from prior traditions in proposing that social phenomena can be understood as comprising both subjective and ob- jective elements. We apply this premise of duality to understanding the rela- tionship between information technology and organizations. We construct a theoretical framework in which the development and deployment of infor- mation technology in organizations is a

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Daniel Robey

1991-01-01

242

Information Technology Competencies for Navy Enlisted Personnel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military is experiencing rapid advances in technology that have the potential to revolutionize the way wars are waged. Information Technology (IT) is gaining momentum as the emerging force in modern warfare. The U.S. Navy has embarked on an ambitious ...

P. D. Vena

1998-01-01

243

Educational Technology Adoption: An Information Systems Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concentrating on the adoption and implementation of educational technology, this paper outlines and compares the conceptual definitions of educational technology (ET) and information systems (IS). Adoption and implementation models and frameworks are discussed, and similarities and differences between IS adoption and implementation and educational…

Schneberger, Scott L.; Jost, Karen Lee

244

Information and Communications Technologies Center Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of useful videos. Most of the clips are from conferences such as the 2010 CTC Winter Retreat and feature talks given at the conferences. Several other clips involve discussions of ICT academics and technology. The clips vary in length.

2011-08-09

245

77 FR 48169 - The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information on the Proposed Expansion: Part 1...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Investigation No. 332-536] The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...Expansion: Part 1; The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...investigation No. 332-532, The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and...

2012-08-13

246

Information Technology: Its Impact on Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology  

NSF Publications Database

Evaluation of effective uses of Information technology forteaching and learning and evaluation of effective uses of information technology for disseminating material and information. Faculty Development in Information Technology-- o Information technology increases the variety of needs for training, including: the use of information technology itself, applications, teaching techniques, evaluation of available materials, indexing, and the training of graduate students.

247

Technology evolution drives need for greater information technology security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Securing the enterprise perimeter is not enough; we must secure the data itself. This simple idea has taken decades to become a practical technology, and is built upon a foundation of policies and processes.

Richard Levine

2005-01-01

248

NAVAIR Information Technology Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study employed an online survey (with 126 respondents) to investigate variables affecting job satisfaction levels and feelings regarding the NAVAIR IT procurement process among Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (NAWCWD) China Lake end users. ...

K. P. Tajii

2010-01-01

249

The Center for Environmental Technology Innovative Technology Screening Process  

SciTech Connect

The Center for Environmental Technology`s (CET) mission is to provide a fully integrated system for accelerated evaluation, development, commercialization, and public acceptance of creative environmental solutions which match the foremost demands in today`s environmentally sensitive world. In short, CET will create a means to provide quick, effective solutions for environmental needs. To meet this mission objective, CET has created a unique and innovative approach to eliminating the usual barriers in developing and testing environmental technologies. The approach paves the way for these emerging, cutting-edge technologies by coordinating environmental restoration and waste management activities of industry, universities, and the government to: efficiently and effectively transfer technology to these users, provide market-driven, cost-effective technology programs to the public and DOE, and aid in developing innovative ideas by initiating efforts between DOE facilities and private industry. The central part to this mission is selecting and evaluating specific innovative technologies for demonstration and application at United States Department of Energy (DOE) installations. The methodology and criteria used for this selection, which is called the CET Innovative Technology Screening Process, is the subject of this paper. The selection criteria used for the screening process were modeled after other DOE technology transfer programs and were further developed by CET`s Technology Screening and Evaluation Board (TSEB). The process benefits both CET and the proposing vendors by providing objective selection procedures based on predefined criteria. The selection process ensures a rapid response to proposing vendors, all technologies will have the opportunity to enter the selection process, and all technologies are evaluated on the same scale and with identical criteria.

Bertrand, C.M.

1995-02-01

250

Managing aviation safety through information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft airworthiness management can now take place for the commercial aircarrier fleet as a result of the FAA certification of intact aircraft nondestructive inspection (NDI) and information technologies systems which were originally developed for the Air Force. The merit of aircraft airworthiness management has proven extremely successful for the government fleet for more than a decade. The inspection and information

William E. Larsen; Kevin D. Cooksy; John Zuk

1999-01-01

251

Beyond information technology: organizational intelligence services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent organizations seek cues from their environment and, out of necessity, evaluate consequences of plans with elaborate control systems. This paper explores the direction of change in the evolution of information technology fostered by intelligent organizations. Intelligence information as a basis for linkages between organizational units, organizations, and the environment, will play a greater role in defining a platform for

Gary I. Green

1991-01-01

252

Survey of Rural Information Infrastructure Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication and information technologies can reduce the barriers of distance and space that disadvantage rural areas. This report defines a set of distinct voice, computer, and video telecommunication services; describes several rural information applications that make use of these services; and surveys various wireline and wireless systems and…

Allen, Kenneth C.; And Others

253

Empowering children and families with information technology.  

PubMed

Patient empowerment is the enhanced ability of patients to actively understand and influence their health status. Information is the key to patient empowerment. Without information, children and families cannot engage in meaningful discussions or make thoughtful decisions regarding medical care. Information sharing is a model for patient interaction with the health care system that may significantly improve the care of children and families. This article focuses on information technologies that utilize user-centered design principles and interactive capabilities to facilitate information sharing and to empower children and families. Examples include electronic pediatric personal medical records, customized health information systems, and interactive physician offices with electronic mail (e-mail) and telemedicine capabilities. Ideally, these systems would all be integrated. Successful implementation of new technologies will require thoughtful attention and balanced solutions to tensions between information sharing vs security, and curatorship vs censorship. Issues related to access and the digital divide must also be addressed. Acceptance and usability of new technologies is predicated on close collaboration among physicians, researchers in informatics, librarians, educators, and other professionals with expertise in the human-computer interface. Child and family empowerment will be both the driving force and ultimate outcome of information-sharing technologies. PMID:11576008

D'Alessandro, D M; Dosa, N P

2001-10-01

254

Information technology, the humanities and the library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some current computer-based projects in humanities re search and teaching are reviewed and the implications for the future development of library and information services to humanities scholars and for the professional education of librarians are considered. It is concluded that the penetration of information technology into humanities research and teach ing activities and the development of the concept of the

Brendan Loughridge

1989-01-01

255

Information Technology in the Virtual Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is transforming society, education, business and the economy. Library administrators must understand these changes in order to position their organizations to flourish in the networked environment. This article describes the impact of this transformation on libraries, users, and library competitors. Restructuring organizations for adaptability and rapid decision-making, taking advantage of opportunities possible with advances in networked information, integrating

Stuart Glogoff

2001-01-01

256

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

257

A psychological approach to information technology security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses from a psychological standpoint how human and more generally psychological dimensions were taken in consideration by the recent literature related to information technology security. We discuss three main psychologically relevant dimensions such as cognitive hacking, hackers profiling and human errors and distinguish four distinct levels of psychological approaches to information security.

Ivan Enrici; Mario Ancilli; Antonio Lioy

2010-01-01

258

Health Information Technology and Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing homes are considered lagging behind in adopting health information technology (HIT). Many studies have highlighted the use of HIT as a means of improving health care quality. However, these studies overwhelmingly do not provide empirical information proving that HIT can actually achieve these improvements. The main research goal of this…

Liu, Darren

2009-01-01

259

New Technology, Information Access and Educational Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of technology in Australian schools to improve information access and educational outcomes focuses on the impact on school library resource centers. Topics discussed include online information services; electronic bulletin boards; electronic mail via microcomputers; and optical storage media, including CD-ROM, hypermedia, and…

Clyde, Anne

1992-01-01

260

Applications of Optical Technology: Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses applications of optical technology, especially CD-ROMs, to information management needs. Information retrieval problems are discussed; design questions that concern the format of the data, indexing methods, and retrieval capabilities are presented; the need for updates is considered; access requirements are discussed; and the importance…

O'Connor, Mary Ann

1991-01-01

261

Governance Mechanisms in Information Technology Outsourcing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the dominance of Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) as a sourcing strategy would seem to indicate successful and well-informed practice, frequent examples of unraveled engagements highlight the associated risks. Successful instances of outsourcing suggest that governance mechanisms effectively manage the related risks. This…

Ravindran, Kiron

2010-01-01

262

78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

2013-04-26

263

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

264

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2011-10-01

265

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

...2014-04-01 false Office of Information Technology. 200.26a Section 200.26a Commodity...Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the...

2014-04-01

266

2 CFR 200.58 - Information technology systems.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Information technology systems. 200.58 Section 200.58 ...Definitions Acronyms § 200.58 Information technology systems. Information technology systems means computing devices,...

2014-01-01

267

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2012-10-01

268

Center for Women and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Women and Information Technology (CWIT), located at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, was named "the best resource on women and technology on the Web" by ABCNews.com. The center's primary goal is to promote women's involvement in the IT industry. CWIT's Web site provides a wealth of information for women, ranging from learning the basics of computers to IT training and certification. Women considering IT as a field of study will also find information on financial aid and the CWIT Scholars Program. There is a list of books and many links to news articles about women and IT that are both interesting and insightful. .

2002-01-01

269

Systems and processes for technology asset management  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Embodiments of the present invention relate to systems and methods for technology asset management. In an embodiment, the technology asset management system includes a web interface for technology asset management customers and a server back end database to store technology asset management information. The technology asset management system can also include one or more of a plurality of intercoupled technology asset management modules, wherein the technology asset management modules include one or more of an invention submission module, an innovation awards module, a portfolio management module, a patent strategy module, and an intellectual property licensing management module. The one or more technology asset management modules can be coupled to the web interface and the server back end database.

2009-12-15

270

Mobile Technologies Altering All Processes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two years ago U.S. Army leaders embarked on a project assessing the power of Smartphone technology to fundamentally change how Soldiers communicate and access data, knowledge and training. The intent of the project was to determine if there was significan...

M. McCarthy R. Dragon

2012-01-01

271

Information processing. [in human performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Theoretical models of sensory-information processing by the human brain are reviewed from a human-factors perspective, with a focus on their implications for aircraft and avionics design. The topics addressed include perception (signal detection and selection), linguistic factors in perception (context provision, logical reversals, absence of cues, and order reversals), mental models, and working and long-term memory. Particular attention is given to decision-making problems such as situation assessment, decision formulation, decision quality, selection of action, the speed-accuracy tradeoff, stimulus-response compatibility, stimulus sequencing, dual-task performance, task difficulty and structure, and factors affecting multiple task performance (processing modalities, codes, and stages).

Wickens, Christopher D.; Flach, John M.

1988-01-01

272

Proteomics: a major new technology for the drug discovery process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proteomics is a new enabling technology that is being integrated into the drug discovery process. This will facilitate the systematic analysis of proteins across any biological system or disease, forwarding new targets and information on mode of action, toxicology and surrogate markers. Proteomics is highly complementary to genomic approaches in the drug discovery process and, for the first time, offers

Martin J Page; Bob Amess; Christian Rohlff; Colin Stubberfield; Raj Parekh

1999-01-01

273

Information Processing and Formation of Sociology of Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress and development in technology of information processing has not only effected gradually the fundamental purpose, that is providing exact information for people who need it, but also has offered many numerical data that are optimum to form Sociology of Science. To have more knowledge to understand the construction of the world with Sociology of Science can supply more devices for making scientific policy and can do more good for technology of information processing. This paper reviews these process looking through the process of formation of Sociology of Science.

Abe, Koichiro

274

48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000...COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS...Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS...or other Federal agency...

2013-10-01

275

48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000...COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS...Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS...or other Federal agency...

2010-10-01

276

Information Handling Skills, Cognition and New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses ways in which new technologies, including multimedia and the World Wide Web, support and enhance a range of skills associated with deep-level processing and meaningful learning such as metacognition, problem solving, and critical thinking. Argues that these technologies are underestimated in their capacity to facilitate intellectual…

Chambers, Phil

1999-01-01

277

Investigation of materials processing technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes the work performed in materials processing research over the 45-month period from April 1989 through December 1992. The research work included projects on measuring the interface heat transfer coefficient in casting, predicting macro-segregation in casting, hot extrusion of TiAl alloy, canned extrusion of TiAl with core insulation, visioplasticity study of 6061 Al, cold rolling of Bi-based superconductor, and die design and process modeling of Mg+B4C alloy. The processing work in the Processing Laboratory included 2,357 extrusion, forging, rolling, vacuum arc melting, vacuum induction melting, and evacuation/outgas operations. The Processing Laboratory was also relocated as part of this program and the 700-ton Lombard extrusion press was completely rebuilt and modernized.

Barker, Douglas R.; Seetharaman, Venkat; Goetz, Robert

1993-07-01

278

Information Security Policy Decision Making: An Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the use of a specific decision support methodology in operational research termed the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). We examine the application of AHP method in guiding information security policy decision making with respect to Indonesia. We suggest four aspects of information security policy, namely management, technology, economy and culture. In addition, information security components derived from literature

Junseok Hwang; Irfan Syamsuddin

2009-01-01

279

The NASA Integrated Information Technology Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document defines an Information Technology Architecture for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), where Information Technology (IT) refers to the hardware, software, standards, protocols and processes that enable the creation, manipulation, storage, organization and sharing of information. An architecture provides an itemization and definition of these IT structures, a view of the relationship of the structures to each other and, most importantly, an accessible view of the whole. It is a fundamental assumption of this document that a useful, interoperable and affordable IT environment is key to the execution of the core NASA scientific and project competencies and business practices. This Architecture represents the highest level system design and guideline for NASA IT related activities and has been created on the authority of the NASA Chief Information Officer (CIO) and will be maintained under the auspices of that office. It addresses all aspects of general purpose, research, administrative and scientific computing and networking throughout the NASA Agency and is applicable to all NASA administrative offices, projects, field centers and remote sites. Through the establishment of five Objectives and six Principles this Architecture provides a blueprint for all NASA IT service providers: civil service, contractor and outsourcer. The most significant of the Objectives and Principles are the commitment to customer-driven IT implementations and the commitment to a simpler, cost-efficient, standards-based, modular IT infrastructure. In order to ensure that the Architecture is presented and defined in the context of the mission, project and business goals of NASA, this Architecture consists of four layers in which each subsequent layer builds on the previous layer. They are: 1) the Business Architecture: the operational functions of the business, or Enterprise, 2) the Systems Architecture: the specific Enterprise activities within the context of IT systems, 3) the Technical Architecture: a common, vendor-independent framework for design, integration and implementation of IT systems and 4) the Product Architecture: vendor=specific IT solutions. The Systems Architecture is effectively a description of the end-user "requirements". Generalized end-user requirements are discussed and subsequently organized into specific mission and project functions. The Technical Architecture depicts the framework, and relationship, of the specific IT components that enable the end-user functionality as described in the Systems Architecture. The primary components as described in the Technical Architecture are: 1) Applications: Basic Client Component, Object Creation Applications, Collaborative Applications, Object Analysis Applications, 2) Services: Messaging, Information Broker, Collaboration, Distributed Processing, and 3) Infrastructure: Network, Security, Directory, Certificate Management, Enterprise Management and File System. This Architecture also provides specific Implementation Recommendations, the most significant of which is the recognition of IT as core to NASA activities and defines a plan, which is aligned with the NASA strategic planning processes, for keeping the Architecture alive and useful.

Baldridge, Tim

1997-01-01

280

Cogeneration technology alternatives study. Volume 2: Industrial process characteristics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information and data for 26 industrial processes are presented. The following information is given for each process: (1) a description of the process including the annual energy consumption and product production and plant capacity; (2) the energy requirements of the process for each unit of production and the detailed data concerning electrical energy requirements and also hot water, steam, and direct fired thermal requirements; (3) anticipated trends affecting energy requirements with new process or production technologies; and (4) representative plant data including capacity and projected requirements through the year 2000.

1980-01-01

281

75 FR 76986 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; Request for Information Regarding the...Realizing the Full Potential of Health Information Technology To Improve Healthcare for...

2010-12-10

282

Process Guide for Deburring Technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report is an updated and consolidated view of the current deburring processes at the Kansas City Plant (KCP). It includes specific examples of current burr problems and the methods used for their detection. Also included is a pictorial review of the large variety of available deburr tools, along with a complete numerical listing of existing tools and their descriptions. The process for deburring all the major part feature categories is discussed.

Frey, David L.

2012-10-25

283

Abstract: Information whole informational space learn share learn world etc. Similarly formation modern educational environment provides unique opportunities international educational cooperation exchange experience knowledge experts scholars students. Business innovation allows you analyzer distinguish levels economic development production medium large industrial enterprises understand nature importance processes taking place modern economy. Innovative business active independent form individual groups citizens enterprises R organizations produce sell wide range latest inventions technology products information services industry high need modern information technologies. Modern business characterized innovative freedom choice mobility dynamic businesses entrepreneurship business Innovation Business: Trends Perspectives SOTDAT Kasymovna resolve  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: Abstract: Information whole informational space learn share learn world etc. Similarly formation modern educational environment provides unique opportunities international educational cooperation exchange experience knowledge experts scholars students. Business innovation allows you analyzer distinguish levels economic development production medium large industrial enterprises understand nature importance processes taking place modern economy. Innovative business active independent form individual groups citizens enterprises R organizations produce sell wide range latest inventions technology products information services industry high need modern information technologies. Modern business characterized innovative freedom choice mobility dynamic businesses entrepreneurship business Innovation Business: Trends Perspectives SOTDAT Kasymovna resolve ?

284

Information, its role on science and technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a record of lecture at the Meeting on Scientific and Technological Information, which was held as one of the events in Science and Technology Week in 1988. Based on his fruitful experiences for creative technology and R&D, he emphasizes that this is the age of information. Referring to the importance of data and the databases which may be required in the future, he states that it is indispensable for the researchers in Japan to make full use of such databases. Finally, he proposes his ideas how the Japanese information handling organization in Japan including JICST should go on with their activities, referring to the matter on the evaluation which we Japanese fail to consider at this moment.

Nishizawa, Jun'ichi

285

78 FR 64146 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...Collection Title of Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology,...

2013-10-25

286

78 FR 65695 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...Collection Title of Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology,...

2013-11-01

287

78 FR 52963 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...Collection Title of Information Collection: Technical Processing Requirements for...automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology,...

2013-08-27

288

Information Technology and the Future of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Will improvements in information technology eliminate face-to-face interactions and make cities obsolete? In this paper, we present a model where people make contacts and choose a mode of interaction: meeting face-to-face or communicating electronically. Cities are a means of reducing the fixed travel costs involved in face-to-face interactions. When telecommunications technology improves, there will be two opposing effects on cities

Jess Gaspar; Edward L. Glaeser

1998-01-01

289

Information Technology Budgets and Costs: Do You Know What Your Information Technology Costs Each Year?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses yearly information technology costs for academic libraries. Topics include transformation and modernization activities that affect prices and budgeting; a cost model for information technologies; life cycle costs, including initial costs and recurring costs; cost benchmarks; and examples of pressures concerning cost accountability. (LRW)

Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

290

Information Technology Assessment Study: Full Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an information technology (IT) infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology are presented. IT needs and interests for future OSS missions and current NASA IT research and development (R&D) are discussed. Non-NASA participants provide overviews of some of their IT R&D programs. Implementation and infusion issues and the findings and recommendations of the assessment team are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

291

Fluidization technologies: Aerodynamic principles and process engineering.  

PubMed

The concept of fluidization has been adapted to different unit processes of pharmaceutical product development. Till date a lot of improvements have been made in the engineering design to achieve superior process performance. This review is focused on the fundamental principles of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics associated with the fluidization technologies. Fluid-bed coating, fluidized bed granulation, rotor processing, hot melt granulation, electrostatic coating, supercritical fluid based fluidized bed technology are highlighted. Developments in the design of processing equipments have been explicitly elucidated. This article also discusses processing problems from the operator's perspective along with latest developments in the application of these principles. PMID:19340888

Dixit, Rahul; Puthli, Shivanand

2009-11-01

292

Information systems to enhance technology exchange  

SciTech Connect

A fundamental part of international technology exchange is the compilation and dissemination of information. Worldwide environmental problems and technology development activities form the basis for important opportunities across the world and especially for those in the former Soviet Union. Recently, important agreements have been reached among Russian institutes engaged in environmental work and the US Department of Energy (DOE) and its national laboratories. These agreements will allow a systematic compilation of information on environmental contamination problems in Russia that can be included in DOE`s environmental information systems. A computer hardware and software system has been loaned to Russian scientists by the DOE for the sharing of environmental software and data, while establishing standards for future information networks.

Hunter, T.; Harrington, M.; Harlan, C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Drozhko, E. [MAYAK Production Association (United States)

1994-03-01

293

The study on critical technique and applying solution of smart terminal spatial information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial information processing is one of the important research contents in information technology. It is the major direction to combine geo-information technique and mobile communication technique in the spatial information processing. In this paper, we have thoroughly analyzed supporting techniques of mobile smart terminal spatial information processing system based on the spatial information's characters such as real-time, mass, distributing, complexity,

Xuefeng Liu; Jing Zhang; Jianhua Mao; Yuangang Liu; Lu Wencheng; Yang Liu

2010-01-01

294

Prioritizing Information Technology Investments: Assessing the Correlations among Technological Readiness, Information Technology Flexibility, and Information Technology Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management's dilemma, when allocating financial resources towards the improvement of technological readiness and IT flexibility within their organizations, is to control financial risk and maximize IT effectiveness. Technological readiness is people's propensity to embrace and use technology. Its drivers are optimism, innovativeness, discomfort,…

Walter, John T.

2010-01-01

295

Advanced Information Technology Investments at the NASA Earth Science Technology Office  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) regularly makes investments for nurturing advanced concepts in information technology to enable rapid, low-cost acquisition, processing and visualization of Earth science data in support of future NASA missions and climate change research. In 2012, the National Research Council published a mid-term assessment of the 2007 decadal survey for future spacemissions supporting Earth science and applications [1]. The report stated, "Earth sciences have advanced significantly because of existing observational capabilities and the fruit of past investments, along with advances in data and information systems, computer science, and enabling technologies." The report found that NASA had responded favorably and aggressively to the decadal survey and noted the role of the recent ESTO solicitation for information systems technologies that partnered with the NASA Applied Sciences Program to support the transition into operations. NASA's future missions are key stakeholders for the ESTO technology investments. Also driving these investments is the need for the Agency to properly address questions regarding the prediction, adaptation, and eventual mitigation of climate change. The Earth Science Division has championed interdisciplinary research, recognizing that the Earth must be studied as a complete system in order toaddress key science questions [2]. Information technology investments in the low-mid technology readiness level (TRL) range play a key role in meeting these challenges. ESTO's Advanced Information Systems Technology (AIST) program invests in higher risk / higher reward technologies that solve the most challenging problems of the information processing chain. This includes the space segment, where the information pipeline begins, to the end user, where knowledge is ultimatelyadvanced. The objectives of the program are to reduce the risk, cost, size, and development time of Earth Science space-based and ground-based systems, increase the accessibility and utility of science data, and to enable new observation measurements and information products. We will discuss the ESTO investment strategy for information technology development, the methods used to assess stakeholder needs and technology advancements, and technology partnerships to enhance the infusion for the resulting technology. We also describe specific investments and their potential impact on enabling NASA missions and scientific discovery. [1] "Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Midterm Assessment of NASA's Implementation of the Decadal Survey", 2012: National Academies Press, http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13405 [2] "Responding to the Challenge of Climate and Environmental Change: NASA's Plan for a Climate-Centric Architecture for Earth Observations and Applications from Space", 2010: NASA Tech Memo, http://science.nasa.gov/media/medialibrary/2010/07/01/Climate_Architecture_Final.pdf

Clune, T.; Seablom, M. S.; Moe, K.

2012-12-01

296

Particle Board - Technological Process and Some Properties.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper deals with some properties and characteristic features of particle board, as well as the technological process of its manufacture. The properties and required quality of the boards have been related to the technical legislation and standards ava...

S. Pirkmajer

1985-01-01

297

Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT), part of the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program, "supports the development of a highly skilled, educated and diverse process technician workforce for the chemical manufacturing, refining, oil and gas production, and pharmaceutical manufacturing industry sectors. To accomplish this, CAPT focuses on three models: one for pre-hire education in process technology (PTEC), one for new hire training, and one for incumbent training." On this page, visitors will find curriculum materials and products, professional development opportunities, and process technology career information. In the Marketing section, there are a host of publications including the CAPT newsletter, presentations, press releases, a marketing toolkit, student success stories, and other CAPT publications.

2008-07-18

298

Analysis of risk dynamics in information technology service delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to define and analyse risks within information technologies (IT) in service delivery. Some specific risks that appear in IT service delivery and the relationships between risks will be defined. The objective of the study is to advance understanding of risks and their effects on specific processes within the delivery of IT services.

Özge Naz?mo?lu; Yasemine Özsen

2010-01-01

299

How Information Technology Can Enable 21st Century Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, the information technology (IT) revolution has transformed American industry--leading to new types of work processes and business organizations, and increased productivity and consumer innovations--but by and large, this game-changer has bypassed America's schools. Virtually all K-12 schools in the country are connected to the…

Kolderie, Ted; McDonald; Tim

2009-01-01

300

Opening the Box: Information Technology, Work Practices, and Wages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of 1994-95 data on customer service representatives in 303 banks revealed a positive relationship between high-involvement work practices (quality circles) and extensive use of information technology (IT) to support sales. Use of IT to automate routine processes and no quality circles were associated with lower wages. (Contains 55…

Hunter, Larry W.; Lakfas, John J.

2003-01-01

301

Children's Writing and the Use of Information and Communications Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines issues around learning to write and considers the range of difficulties children may experience. The role of Information and Communications Technology in facilitating writing development is considered. Software applications that can be used to support aspects of the writing process and target teaching are outlined. Criteria for…

Dunsmuir, Sandra; Clifford, Vivienne

2003-01-01

302

Using MMX Technology in Digital Image Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION1.1 OverviewMMX technology is designed to accelerate multimedia and communications applications. The technologyincludes new processor instructions and data types and exploits the parallelism in processing multiple data.In this work we demonstrate how to use MMX technology in digital image processing applications anddiscuss important aspects of practical implementation with the GCC compiler. We also focus on theexperimental results of common image

Vladimir Kravtchenko

1998-01-01

303

[New information technologies and health consumerism].  

PubMed

Concepts related to consumption have shifted to include social processes not previously covered by traditional categories. The current review analyzes the application of classical concepts of consumerism to practices recently identified in the health field, like the phenomenon of cyberchondria. The theoretical challenge relates to the difficulty in extrapolating from the economic perspectives of consumerism to self-care issues in the context of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Drawing on recent anthropological categories, the study seeks to understand the phenomenon of self-care commodification under the imperative of self-accountability for health. New consumer identities are described in light of the unprecedented issues concerning technical improvements currently altering the nature of self-care. The study concludes that health is consumed as vitality, broken down into commercial artifacts in the context of a new bioeconomy - no longer linked to the idea of emulation and possession, but to forms of self-perception and self-care in the face of multiple risks and new definitions of the human being. PMID:21229207

Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto; Castiel, Luis David; Bagrichevsky, Marcos; Griep, Rosane Harter

2010-08-01

304

Science and Technology Studies and Information Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature of the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS) and describes its relevance to Information Studies (IS). Workplace studies, key themes, the use of STS in IS research, and implications of STS for IS are also covered. (Contains 194 references.) (MES)

Van House, Nancy A.

2004-01-01

305

Information technology in managing global supply chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

As organizations strive to become more competitive in today’s challenging business environment, global supply chain management (GSCM) infused by information technology (IT) is being offered as a paradigm to achieve dramatic improvements in cost and time. This study examines the critical role played by IT to improve GSCM practices. The paper starts by classifying all the IT related articles dealing

Jaideep Motwani; Manu Madan; A. Gunasekaran

2000-01-01

306

Managing aviation safety through information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft airworthiness management can now take place for the commercial aircarrier fleet as a result of the recent FAA certification of intact aircraft nondestructive inspection (NDI) and information technologies systems which were originally developed for the Air Force. The merit of aircraft airworthiness management has proven extremely successful for the government fleet for more than a decade. The inspection and

W. E. Larsen; K. D. Cooksy; J. Zuk

1999-01-01

307

Information technology implementation: evidence in Spanish SMEs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to use empirical evidence to measure if the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have adapted to information technologies (ITs) and analyse the extent of IT knowledge and interest in new international accounting standards as factors that align strategies and organizational culture towards continuous improvement. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The empirical study acquires knowledge of

Raquel Pérez Estébanez; Elena Urquía Grande; Clara Muñoz Colomina

2010-01-01

308

Communication and information technology in medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few years have seen rapid advances in communication and information technology (C&IT), and the pervasion of the worldwide web into everyday life has important implications for education. Most medical schools provide extensive computer networks for their students, and these are increasingly becoming a central component of the learning and teaching environment. Such advances bring new opportunities and challenges

Jeremy PT Ward; Jill Gordon; Michael J Field; Harold P Lehmann

2001-01-01

309

New Information Technologies: A Challenge for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues concerning the introduction of information technology in education were studied as part of a project sponsored by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The following areas were explored: policies for schools and higher education and the context for the policies; implementation strategies; the impact on learning;…

Fasano, Carla

310

Information Technology in Education: The Neglected Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After less than a decade from its inception, the introduction of new information technology in Australian education has already undergone some identifiable stages. These range from the scattered development of innovative programs to the formulation of state and national policies, from the original introduction of microcomputers into schools to the…

Fasano, Carla

311

Information technology in the medical school curriculum.  

PubMed

Education up to the latter part of the 20th century used strict methods of instruction delivery, relying mostly on tried theories in cognition and social learning. Approaches in constructivism and collaborative learning affirm the success of existing methods of delivering curriculum, yet they also validate the use of information technology as a vehicle to improve student learning. PMID:22787924

Abras, Chadia N

2012-01-01

312

Information Technology in University Libraries in Karnataka  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the results of a survey of the availability and use of information technology in the libraries of the University of Mysore, Karnatak University, Bangalore University, Gulbarga University, Mangalore University and Kuvempu University in Karnataka State, India. Attempts to reflect how the use of IT has impacted on the overall use of the library collections by users. Covers the use

Constantine M. Nyamboga; T. D. Kemparaju

2002-01-01

313

Information Technology Investments in Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines investments that will ensure that library information technology (IT) meets future academic needs. Looks back on the introduction of IT to research libraries. Assesses outcomes of IT investments in terms of cost and service benefits, and then focuses on developing new service models. (AEF)

Rosenblatt, Susan

1999-01-01

314

Culture and Cognition in Information Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at explaining the outcomes of information technology education for international students using anthropological theories of cultural schemas. Even though computer science and engineering are usually assumed to be culture-independent, the practice in classrooms seems to indicate that learning patterns depend on culture. The…

Holvikivi, Jaana

2007-01-01

315

Information Technology Services Support for Emergencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least the last quarter century, enterprises--including higher education institutions--have increasingly relied on Information Technology Services (ITS) for business functions. As a result, IT organizations have had to develop the discipline of production operations as well as recovery procedures to respond when those operations are…

Spicer, Donald Z.

2008-01-01

316

Information Communication Technology (ICT) Shaping Student Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper opens with the following questions: "How prepared are you as a student affairs professional for information communication technology (ICT)? Do you understand such concepts as portals, e-business, Napster, computer use policies, and wireless communication? Will student affairs be shaped by ICT or will student affairs help shape ICT on…

Broughton, Elizabeth

317

Access America, Reengineering through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the "Access America" report which was published in 1997 as a follow up to the National Performance Review, an assessment of federal government operations and procedures. Discusses future goals of the use of electronic services and information technology to improve government operations, systems integration, cost reduction, improved quality…

Dugan, Robert E.

1999-01-01

318

Technology, Social Innovation, and the Informal Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unpaid work in the home is an important contributor to national wealth: very nearly half of all work in a modern economy takes place outside the formal economy. A major effect of new technology is to increase the extent of informal production through the development of new productive equipment for installation in private households. Domestic production becomes more efficient, and

Jonathan Gershuny

1987-01-01

319

Leveraging Information Technology. Track VII: Outstanding Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track VII, Outstanding Applications, are presented. They include: "Image Databases in the University" (Reid Kaplan and Gordon Mathieson); "Using Information Technology for Travel Management at the University of Michigan" (Robert E. Russell and John C. Hufziger); "On-Line Access to University Policies…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

320

Information technology and global change science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of this paper is to identify and briefly describe major existing and near term information technologies that cold have a positive impact on the topics being discussed at this conference by helping to manage the data of global change science and h...

F. P. Baxter

1990-01-01

321

Integrating Information, Education and Technology Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education environment is undergoing significant change as it enters a global knowledge-based economy. Technology now enables students to undertake studies that are time and place independent. To thrive in a networked learner environment, new strategic relationships must be created between library and information professionals,…

O'Brien, Linda; Sidorko, Peter

322

Supply chain management and information technology support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, supply chain management, is one of the most important usable ways by modern companies to earn competitive benefit. Information technology has had very important effect on its development. Also, supply chain, is one of the management substructure bases in electronic business. Since supply chains may be long, complicated and including a lot of foreigner, partners are faced with problems

Sepide Tavassoli; Maryam Sardashti; Naghme Khajeh Nasir Toussi

2009-01-01

323

Information Technology in Libraries. A Pakistani Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents an overview of the present status of the use of library automation hardware and software in Pakistan. The following 20 articles are included: (1) "The Status of Library Automation in Pakistan"; (2) "Promoting Information Technology in Pakistan: the Netherlands Library Development Project"; (3) "Library Software in Pakistan"; (4)…

Mahmood, Khalid

324

Increasing the Museum Value of Information Technology Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, we define the basic concepts of museum work, museum value, and contextual information with the help of a case study and literature. We base the case study on the empirical material of a project that aimed to gather knowledge of the collections of the Finnish Data Processing Museum Association. This article opens up the concepts and analyzes them in the context of museum work and information technology objects.

Tittonen, Emmi

325

Information Technology Standards Program management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents a logical and realistic plan to implement the Information Technology (IT) Standards Program throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). It was developed by DOE Chief Information Officer (CIO) staff, with participation from many other individuals throughout the DOE complex. The DOE IT Standards Program coordinates IT standards activities Department-wide, including implementation of standards to support the DOE Information Architecture. The Program is voluntary, participatory, and consensus-based. The intent is to enable accomplishment of the DOE mission, and the Program is applicable to all DOE elements, both Federal and contractor. The purpose of this document is to describe the key elements of the DOE IT Standards Program.

NONE

1998-05-01

326

Pattern Information Processing and Multimedia Database System - Current Research on Multimedia Information System,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Multimedia database requires the integration of methodologies for pattern information processing, artificial intelligence and conventional database technology. In the paper, the framework of multimedia database is proposed from the viewpoint of open-ended...

T. Kato K. Fujimura

1987-01-01

327

Modernization and new technologies: Coping with the information explosion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information has become a valuable and strategic resource in all societies and economies. Scientific and technical information is especially important in developing and maintaining a strong national science and technology base. The expanding use of information technology, the growth of interdisciplinary research, and an increase in international collaboration are changing characteristics of information. This modernization effort applies new technology to current processes to provide near-term benefits to the user. At the same time, we are developing a long-term modernization strategy designed to transition the program to a multimedia, global 'library without walls'. Notwithstanding this modernization program, it is recogized that no one information center can hope to collect all the relevant data. We see information and information systems changing and becoming more international in scope. We are finding that many nations are expending resources on national systems which duplicate each other. At the same time that this duplication exists, many useful sources of aerospace information are not being collected to cover expanded sources of information. This paper reviews the NASA modernization program and raises for consideration new possibilities for unification of the various aerospace database efforts toward a cooperative international aerospace database initiative, one that can optimize the cost/benefit equation for all participants.

Blados, Walter R.; Cotter, Gladys A.

1993-01-01

328

Directed-energy process technology efforts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A summary of directed-energy process technology for solar cells was presented. This technology is defined as directing energy or mass to specific areas on solar cells to produce a desired effect in contrast to exposing a cell to a thermal or mass flow environment. Some of these second generation processing techniques are: ion implantation; microwave-enhanced chemical vapor deposition; rapid thermal processing; and the use of lasers for cutting, assisting in metallization, assisting in deposition, and drive-in of liquid dopants. Advantages of directed energy techniques are: surface heating resulting in the bulk of the cell material being cooler and unchanged; better process control yields; better junction profiles, junction depths, and metal sintering; lower energy consumption during processing and smaller factory space requirements. These advantages should result in higher-efficiency cells at lower costs. The results of the numerous contracted efforts were presented as well as the application potentials of these new technologies.

Alexander, P.

1985-01-01

329

Medicaid information technology architecture: an overview.  

PubMed

The Medicaid Information Technology Architecture (MITA) is a roadmap and tool-kit for States to transform their Medicaid Management Information System (MMIS) into an enterprise-wide, beneficiary-centric system. MITA will enable State Medicaid agencies to align their information technology (IT) opportunities with their evolving business needs. It also addresses long-standing issues of interoperability, adaptability, and data sharing, including clinical data, across organizational boundaries by creating models based on nationally accepted technical standards. Perhaps most significantly, MITA allows State Medicaid Programs to actively participate in the DHHS Secretary's vision of a transparent health care market that utilizes electronic health records (EHRs), ePrescribing and personal health records (PHRs). PMID:17427840

Friedman, Richard H

2006-01-01

330

Health Insurance Claim Review Using Information Technologies  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA)'s payment request (PARE) system that plays the role of the gateway for all health insurance claims submitted to HIRA, and the claim review support (CRS) system that supports the work of claim review experts in South Korea. Methods This study describes the two systems' information technology (IT) infrastructures, their roles, and quantitative analysis of their work performance. It also reports the impact of these systems on claims processing by analyzing the health insurance claim data submitted to HIRA from April 1 to June 30, 2011. Results The PARE system returned to healthcare providers 2.7% of all inpatient claims (97,930) and 0.1% of all outpatient claims (317,007) as un-reviewable claims. The return rate was the highest for the hospital group as 0.49% and the lowest rate was found in clinic group. The CRS system's detection rate of the claims with multiple errors in inpatient and outpatient areas was 23.1% and 2.9%, respectively. The highest rate of error detection occurred at guideline check-up stages in both inpatient and outpatient groups. Conclusions The study found that HIRA's two IT systems had a critical role in reducing heavy administrative workloads through automatic data processing. Although the return rate of the problematic claims to providers and the error detection rate by two systems was low, the actual count of the returned claims was large. The role of IT will become increasingly important in reducing the workload of health insurance claims review.

Yoon, Jeong-Sik; Speedie, Stuart M.; Yoon, Hojung; Lee, Jiseon

2012-01-01

331

OPHTHALMOLOGY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN TUZLA CANTON HEALTH CARE SYSTEM  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To analyze organization of ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton and use of information technologies(IT). Introduction: IT in ophthalmology is the technology required for the data processing and other information important for patient and essential for building an electronic health record(EHR). IT in ophthalmology should include the study, science, and solution sets for all aspects of data, information and knowledge management in health information processing. Material and methods: We have analyzed organization of ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton. Data relevant for this research were acquired from annual reports of Tuzla Canton health ministry. All institutions and ambulances were visited and all health care professionals interviewed. A questionnaire was made which included questions for health care professionals about knowledge and use of computers, internet and information technology. Results: Ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton has paper based medical record. There is no information system with any possibility to exchange data electronically. None of the medical devices is directly connected to the Internet and all data are typed, printed and delivered directly to the patient. All interviewed health care professionals agree that implementation of IT and EHR would contribute and improve work quality. Conclusion: Computer use and easy information access will make a qualitative difference in eye-care delivery in Tuzla canton. Implementation phase will be difficult because it will likely impact present style of practice. Strategy for implementation of IT in medicine in general must be made at the country level.

Zvornicanin, Jasmin; Zvornicanin, Edita; Sabanovic, Zekerijah

2012-01-01

332

Technology for the product and process data base  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The computerized product and process data base is increasingly recognized to be the cornerstone component of an overall system aimed at the integrated automation of the industrial processes of a given company or enterprise. The technology needed to support these more effective computer integrated design and manufacturing methods, especially the concept of 3-D computer-sensible product definitions rather than engineering drawings, is not fully available and rationalized. Progress is being made, however, in bridging this technology gap with concentration on the modeling of sophisticated information and data structures, high-performance interactive user interfaces and comprehensive tools for managing the resulting computerized product definition and process data base.

Barnes, R. D.

1984-01-01

333

Advanced technology development for image gathering, coding, and processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Three overlapping areas of research activities are presented: (1) Information theory and optimal filtering are extended to visual information acquisition and processing. The goal is to provide a comprehensive methodology for quantitatively assessing the end-to-end performance of image gathering, coding, and processing. (2) Focal-plane processing techniques and technology are developed to combine effectively image gathering with coding. The emphasis is on low-level vision processing akin to the retinal processing in human vision. (3) A breadboard adaptive image-coding system is being assembled. This system will be used to develop and evaluate a number of advanced image-coding technologies and techniques as well as research the concept of adaptive image coding.

Huck, Friedrich O.

1990-01-01

334

77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee: Request for Comment...Health Records (EHRs) AGENCY: Health Information Technology (HIT) Policy Committee, Office of...

2012-11-26

335

Report of the Panel on Computer and Information Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircraft have become more and more dependent on computers (information processing) for improved performance and safety. It is clear that this activity will grow, since information processing technology has advanced by a factor of 10 every 5 years for the past 35 years and will continue to do so. Breakthroughs in device technology, from vacuum tubes through transistors to integrated circuits, contribute to this rapid pace. This progress is nearly matched by similar, though not as dramatic, advances in numerical software and algorithms. Progress has not been easy. Many technical and nontechnical challenges were surmounted. The outlook is for continued growth in capability but will require surmounting new challenges. The technology forecast presented in this report has been developed by extrapolating current trends and assessing the possibilities of several high-risk research topics. In the process, critical problem areas that require research and development emphasis have been identified. The outlook assumes a positive perspective; the projected capabilities are possible by the year 2000, and adequate resources will be made available to achieve them. Computer and information technology forecasts and the potential impacts of this technology on aeronautics are identified. Critical issues and technical challenges underlying the achievement of forecasted performance and benefits are addressed.

Lundstrom, Stephen F.; Larsen, Ronald L.

1984-01-01

336

Workers’ skill level and information technology: a censored regression model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the link between educational qualification structure and information technology (IT) in the service production process. The analysis is based on 1996 cross-sectional data for approximately 1,000 West German firms. The empirical evidence indicates that IT capital and high-skilled labor are complements in the production process: firms with higher IT investment output ratios employ a larger fraction of

Martin Falk; Katja Seim

2001-01-01

337

Information Processing/Data Automation Implications of Air Force Command and Control Requirements in the 1980s (CCIP-85). Volume V. Technology Trends: Hardware.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume of the CCIP-85 study report describes current state of the art of digital-computer-hardware technology and forecasts the application of this technology to Air Force command and control systems over the next 20 years. Estimates of the technical...

R. Turn B. Sine

1973-01-01

338

Organic Process Technology Valuation: Cyclohexanone Oxime Syntheses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three contemporary processes for cyclohexanone oxime synthesis are evaluated in a case study. The case study introduces organic chemistry students to basic cost accounting to determine the most economical technology. Technical and financial aspects of these processes are evaluated with problem-based exercises that may be completed by students…

Cannon, Kevin C.; Breen, Maureen P.

2010-01-01

339

Facilitating Stroke Management using Modern Information Technology  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose Information technology and mobile devices may be beneficial and useful in many aspects of stroke management, including recognition of stroke, transport and triage of patients, emergent stroke evaluation at the hospital, and rehabilitation. In this review, we address the contributions of information technology and mobile health to stroke management. Summary of Issues Rapid detection and triage are essential for effective thrombolytic treatment. Awareness of stroke warning signs and responses to stroke could be enhanced by using mobile applications. Furthermore, prehospital assessment and notification could be streamlined for use in telemedicine and teleradiology. A mobile telemedicine system for assessing the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores has shown higher correlation and fast assessment comparing with face-to-face method. Because the benefits of thrombolytic treatment are time-dependent, treatment should be initiated as quickly as possible. In-hospital communication between multidisciplinary team members can be enhanced using information technology. A computerized in-hospital alert system using computerized physician-order entry was shown to be effective in reducing the time intervals from hospital arrival to medical evaluations and thrombolytic treatment. Mobile devices can also be used as supplementary tools for neurologic examination and clinical decision-making. In post-stroke rehabilitation, virtual reality and telerehabilitation are helpful. Mobile applications might be useful for public awareness, lifestyle modification, and education/training of healthcare professionals. Conclusions Information technology and mobile health are useful tools for management of stroke patients from the acute period to rehabilitation. Further improvement of technology will change and enhance stroke prevention and treatment.

Nam, Hyo Suk; Park, Eunjeong

2013-01-01

340

A WWXV Information-Seeking Process Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In now-a-days information society, most people use the Web for information retrieval. The correctmodelling and interpretation of this information seeking process OrSp) is an extremely hot topicamong website designers.

Susanne Loeber; Alexandra Cristea

2002-01-01

341

Information Processing, Sinus Arrhythmia and Academic Achievement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The experiment investigated the effect of motivation on sinus arrhythmia, heart beat, and information processing rate. The two way analyses of variance which were performed showed that motivation affected sinus arrhythmia and information processing rate a...

R. E. Douglas

1972-01-01

342

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT FOR AMMONIA RECOVERY PROCESS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technology Verification report describes the nature and scope of an environmental evaluation of ThermoEnergy Corporation?s Ammonia Recovery Process (ARP) system. The information contained in this report represents data that were collected over a 3-month pilot study. The ti...

343

The research of dual-band IR imaging information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two-spectrum (LW\\/MW) IR imaging system using Automatic Target recognition technology, which has both merits of single long and middle IR wave, can performs well in clutter sea-sky condition. The information processing technology of dual-band IR imaging guidance plays a key role in the research of dual band IR system using ATR technology. In the paper, we present a system for

Zhiyong Peng; Xiaomei Hu; Jin Lu

2009-01-01

344

Optimization in Speech-Centric Information Processing: Criteria and techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic speech recognition (ASR) is an enabling technology for a wide range of information processing applications including speech translation, voice search (i.e., information retrieval with speech input), and conversational understanding. In these speech-centric applications, the output of ASR as \\

Xiaodong He; Li Deng

2012-01-01

345

Collaborative Information Systems and Business Process Design Using Simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Information Systems (IS) community promotes the idea that IS analyst should have a clear understanding of the way the organization operates before attempting to propose an IS solution. It is argued that to take a complete advantage of the underlying Information Technology (IT), organizations should first identify any process flaw and then propose a suitable IT solution. Similarly, many

Ray J. Paul; Alan Serrano

2004-01-01

346

Intranet technology in hospital information systems.  

PubMed

The clinical information system architecture at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York is being incorporated into an intranet using Internet and World Wide Web protocols. The result is an Enterprise-Wide Web which provides more flexibility for access to specific patient information and general medical knowledge. Critical aspects of the architecture include a central data repository and a vocabulary server. The new architecture provides ways of displaying patient information in summary, graphical, and multimedia forms. Using customized links called Infobuttons, we provide access to on-line information resources available on the World Wide Web. Our experience to date has raised a number of interesting issues about the use of this technology for health care systems. PMID:10175348

Cimino, J J

1997-01-01

347

Human information processing during physical exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to investigate how conditions of physical exercise affect human information processing. Sixteen subjects performed two information processing tasks (perception and decision) during two exercise conditions (endurance vs interval protocols) and during two control conditions (rest vs minimal load protocols). The control conditions required subjects either to perform the information processing tasks under resting conditions or while

FRED G. W. C. PAAS; JOS J. ADAM

1991-01-01

348

Education of photonic methods of information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The submitted paper is describes a relevant experience in an introduction of photonic information processing techniques into the curricula of MSc course subject Image Processing and Photonics and PhD course subject Selected Parts from Photonics. The photonic information processing systems offer extensive computational power because of several advantages: the information carrier photon is the fastest one, massively parallel access and

Milos Klima; Petr Pata; Jan Kaiser

2003-01-01

349

Information processing algorithms in the brain  

Microsoft Academic Search

If the brain is a machine that processes information, then its cognitive activity can be interpreted as a set of information processing states linking stimulus to response (i.e. as a mechanism or an algorithm). The cornerstone of this research agenda is the existence of a method to translate the measurable states of brain activity into the information processing states of

Philippe G. Schyns; Frederic Gosselin; Marie L. Smith

2008-01-01

350

Seamless Service Chains and Information Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seamless service chains and information processes to support them was the main goal of Satakunta Macro Pilot project in 1999 - 2002. This paper describes the idea of customer centric seamless service chains within health and social care and requirements for the secure interorganizational information processes. The modeling of the information processes using use case methodology is presented. The results

Timo Itala; Aino Virtanen; Tuire Mikola; Paula Asikainen; Satakunnan Ammattikorkeakoulu

2005-01-01

351

Information technology and quality of work life: Comparing users with non-users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the potential future effects of information technology on office-type work and job attitudes. An argument from labour process theory has suggested that such technology will simplify and deskill jobs, thereby reducing the quality of work life. This proposition was explored within several government agencies. Over one hundred users' and nonusers' attitudes concerning information technology's future

Urs E. Gattiker; LeWayne Howg

1990-01-01

352

A Computer-Assisted Approach for Conducting Information Technology Applied Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing popularity of computer and network technologies has attracted researchers to investigate the strategies and the effects of information technology applied instructions. Previous research has not only demonstrated the benefits of applying information technologies to the learning process, but has also revealed the difficulty of applying…

Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Pei Jin; Yang, Tzu-Chi

2009-01-01

353

Integrating Instructional Technology with Information Technology and Its Implications for Designing Electronic Learning Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the concepts of technology, instructional technology, and information technology are presented. The integration of instructional technology, and information technology is established and its implications for electronic learning systems design are discussed. One can say that: information and instructional designers can design…

Abdelraheem, Ahmed Yousif

2005-01-01

354

Optical Disc Technology for Information Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary of the literature on document image processing from 1988-90 focuses on WORM (write once read many) technology and on rewritable (i.e., erasable) optical discs, and excludes CD-ROM. Highlights include vendors and products, standards, comparisons of storage media, software, legal issues, records management, indexing, and computer…

Brumm, Eugenia K.

1991-01-01

355

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use.

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

356

Information-Technology Based Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing countries emphasize expansion of the educated population but demand for quality improvement follows later. Current science education reform is driven in part by post cold war restructuring of the global economy and associated focus on the education of a more scientifically literate society, due to the industrial change from labor-intensive to high-technology type, and the societal change inherent in the present information era. Industry needs employees of broad and flexible background with inter disciplinary training, engineers with better physics training, and well trained physicists. Education researches have proved that active-learning based methods are superior to the traditional methods and the information technology (IT) has lot to offer in this. Use of IT for improving physics education is briefly discussed with prospects for collaboration in the Asia-Pacific region via Asian Physics Education Network (ASPEN), UNESCO University Foundation Course in Physics (UUFCP), etc.

Kim, J. S.; Lee, K. H.

2001-04-01

357

Single photons for quantum information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single photons are attractive carriers of Quantum Information. Once produced, they can be reliably manipulated and can travel long distances unaffected. They are the main constituents of quantum communication protocols, and it is likely that they will even play a major role in the development of quantum computers. This work presents experimental and theoretical improvements of existing semiconductor quantum dot single photon sources for their application to quantum information. We demonstrate the experimental realization of some basic optical quantum information protocols: entanglement generation and quantum state teleportation. We also develop fabrication and optical characterization techniques for a new type of quantum dot based single photon source, with photonic crystal technology. Aware of some intrinsic limitations of existing single photon sources, we go on to develop an extensive theory for the coherent control of a single photon pulse using cavity a QED technique. We show how to trap or generate a single photon pulse reversibly in an atom-cavity system under the most general experimental conditions. In particular we show how to realize such processes in a non-adiabatic way and in the cavity QED regime of weak coupling. This technique allows the complete control over a single photon pulse temporal amplitude, and gives the possibility of fast exchange of quantum information in quantum networks. Relying on this technique, we explain how to build the main elements of an all-integrated on-chip quantum computer based on single QD electron spin and single photon exchange via photonic crystal cavities and wave-guides.

Fattal, David

358

Controlling information technology costs, Part 2.  

PubMed

Health care executives are increasingly frustrated by Information Technology (IT). Although our industry is often accused of underinvesting in technology (hospitals average 2-3 percent of their costs in IT, compared to other industry's 8-10 percent), when IT investments are made, they fail to reflect demonstrable return to the bottom line. Yet the effective deployment of technology is so critical to the success of the organization and can in itself cause the failure of a health care system. While being forced to invest significant amounts of resources in the past two years preparing for Y2K, health care organizations have come under increasing financial pressures due to other industry developments. PMID:11968991

Honan, Tom; Ciotti, Vince

2002-01-01

359

On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

13 slides\\u000aDocument Provider Notes: Seminar Title: Introduction to the ESM Guidelines Document and the On-Line Technology Information System; Date: 3\\/12\\/2003; Time: 10:30 AM; Location: Stewart Center Rm 202.\\u000aComments: This seminar will cover two areas of interest for the ALS NSCORT: the Equivalent System Mass Guidelines Document, which is newly drafted by members of the ALS Systems Integration, Modeling,

Julie A. Levri; Richard Boulanger; John A. Hogan; Luis Rodriguez

2003-01-01

360

Information Technology Service Management: A Thailand Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a survey conducted at the first Thailand itSMF conference held in Bangkok, Thailand in November\\u000a 2007. The results indicate that the adoption of Information Technology Service Management (ITSM) frameworks is driven mainly\\u000a by multinational and large domestic companies and the ITSM frameworks are implemented mainly to improve the quality of service\\u000a for the stakeholders

Montri Lawkobkit

2008-01-01

361

Information Technology Assessment Study: Executive Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an IT infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology and the findings and recommendations of OSS IT users and providers are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

362

Integrated Engineering Information Technology, FY93 accommplishments  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Engineering Information Technology (IEIT) project is providing a comprehensive, easy-to-use computer network solution or communicating with coworkers both inside and outside Sandia National Laboratories. IEIT capabilities include computer networking, electronic mail, mechanical design, and data management. These network-based tools have one fundamental purpose: to help create a concurrent engineering environment that will enable Sandia organizations to excel in today`s increasingly competitive business environment.

Harris, R.N.; Miller, D.K.; Neugebauer, G.L.; Orona, J.R.; Partridge, R.A.; Herman, J.D.

1994-03-01

363

Rebound effects of progress in information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) is continuously making astounding progress in technical efficiency. The time, space, material\\u000a and energy needed to provide a unit of IT service have decreased by three orders of magnitude since the first personal computer\\u000a (PC) was sold. However, it seems difficult for society to translate IT’s efficiency progress into progress in terms of individual,\\u000a organizational or socio-economic

Lorenz M. Hilty; Andreas Köhler; Fabian Von Schéele; Rainer Zah; Thomas Ruddy

2006-01-01

364

General process improvements through pinch technology  

SciTech Connect

Over the last ten years pinch technology has emerged as somewhat of a ''maverick'' development in the process design and energy conservation scene. Running contrary to general trends by taking the computer out of the loop and putting the engineer back in control, it has been questioned by some and welcomed by others. Regardless of persuasion, however, critics and advocates alike have largely failed to notice that pinch technology is more than an energy conservation tool. This is probably because soon after the advent of pinch technology in the 1970s, the process design scene became dominated by the oil crisis. Energy savings became the primary task of process designers and, therefore, the primary focus of the technology. Application during this period typically demonstrated energy cost savings in the range of 20 to 50 percent and payback periods of one year or less. Only recently have the other benefits of the technology reemerged. While it is true that pinch technology is essentially a heat-flow-based technique it is also true that it can be used to address a very diverse range of objectives.

Linnhoff, B.; Polley, G.T.; Sahdev, V.

1988-06-01

365

Advancing Information and Communication Technology Knowledge for Undergraduate Nursing Students  

PubMed Central

Nursing is a dynamic profession; for registered nurses their role is increasingly requiring greater information process understanding and the effective management of information to ensure high quality safe patient care. This paper outlines the design and implementation of Systems of eCare. This is a course which advances information and communication technology knowledge for undergraduate nursing students within a Faculty of Health and Wellbeing appropriately preparing nurses for their professional careers. Systems of eCare entwines throughout the three year programme mapping to the curriculum giving meaning to learning for the student. In conclusion comments from students convey their appreciation of the provision of this element of the undergraduate programme.

Procter, Paula M

2012-01-01

366

Recent Research in Learning Technological Concepts and Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines recent research in student learning of technological concepts and processes. To explore this area three inter-related aspects are considered; existing concepts of technology, technological knowledge and processes. Different views of technology and technology education are reflected in both research outcomes and curriculum documents. Teacher and student perceptions of technology impact on the way in which technology is

Alister Jones

1997-01-01

367

Information processing in miniature brains  

PubMed Central

Since a comprehensive understanding of brain function and evolution in vertebrates is often hobbled by the sheer size of the nervous system, as well as ethical concerns, major research efforts have been made to understand the neural circuitry underpinning behaviour and cognition in invertebrates, and its costs and benefits under natural conditions. This special feature of Proceedings of the Royal Society B contains an idiosyncratic range of current research perspectives on neural underpinnings and adaptive benefits (and costs) of such diverse phenomena as spatial memory, colour vision, attention, spontaneous behaviour initiation, memory dynamics, relational rule learning and sleep, in a range of animals from marine invertebrates with exquisitely simple nervous systems to social insects forming societies with many thousands of individuals working together as a ‘superorganism’. This introduction provides context and history to tie the various approaches together, and concludes that there is an urgent need to understand the full neuron-to-neuron circuitry underlying various forms of information processing—not just to explore brain function comprehensively, but also to understand how (and how easily) cognitive capacities might evolve in the face of pertinent selection pressures. In the invertebrates, reaching these goals is becoming increasingly realistic.

Chittka, L.; Skorupski, P.

2011-01-01

368

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring global visualization'' onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua.

1992-01-01

369

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring ``global visualization`` onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua

1992-09-01

370

Information Technology Support in the 8000 Directorate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

My summer internship was spent supporting various projects within the Environmental Management Office and Glenn Safety Office. Mentored by Eli Abumeri, I was trained in areas of Information Technology such as: Servers, printers, scanners, CAD systems, Web, Programming, and Database Management, ODIN (networking, computers, and phones). I worked closely with the Chemical Sampling and Analysis Team (CSAT) to redesign a database to more efficiently manage and maintain data collected for the Drinking Water Program. This Program has been established for over fifteen years here at the Glenn Research Center. It involves the continued testing and retesting of all drinking water dispensers. The quality of the drinking water is of great importance and is determined by comparing the concentration of contaminants in the water with specifications set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its 1986 and 1991 amendments. The Drinking Water Program consists of periodic testing of all drinking water fountains and sinks. Each is tested at least once every 2 years for contaminants and naturally occurring species. The EPA's protocol is to collect an initial and a 5 minute draw from each dispenser. The 5 minute draw is what is used for the maximum contaminant level. However, the CS&AT has added a 30 second draw since most individuals do not run the water 5 minutes prior to drinking. This data is then entered into a relational Microsoft Access database. The database allows for the quick retrieval of any test@) done on any dispenser. The data can be queried by building number, date or test type, and test results are documented in an analytical report for employees to read. To aid with the tracking of recycled materials within the lab, my help was enlisted to create a database that could make this process less cumbersome and more efficient. The date of pickup, type of material, weight received, and unit cost per recyclable. This information could then calculate the dollar amount generated by the recycling of certain materials. This database will ultimately prove useful in determining the amounts of materials consumed by the lab and will help serve as an indicator potential overuse.

2004-01-01

371

Information Technology in Public Libraries in Kuwait: A First Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the availability and use of information technology in public libraries in Kuwait. Specific areas addressed are (1) hardware\\/software, (2) patterns of connectivity such as LANs, Internet, etc., (3) training and development activities in support of information technology, and (4) future projections regarding the use of information technology. The study provides policy-makers and information professionals with previously unavailable

CHARLENE L. AL-QALLAF; HOWAYA M. AL-AZMI

2002-01-01

372

The Integration of Information and Communication Technology into Classroom Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Newfoundland study examining how information technologies affect teaching interviewed 13 teachers at a leading high school in the use of information technology. Teachers used information technology to interact on a global basis, expand resources, enhance local content, and customize material. Problems included need for training, information

Reid, Scott

2002-01-01

373

Advances in information technology. Implications for medical education.  

PubMed Central

Few kinds of technology have had as broad an impact on the recent affairs of humanity as have information technologies. The appearance and rapid spread in the past several years of innovations such as the Internet's World Wide Web and the emergence of computer networks connecting tens to hundreds of millions of people worldwide have occurred with startling rapidity. These global events portend substantial changes in the delivery of health care, the conduct of biomedical research, and the undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education of health professionals. This report will attempt to succinctly review the following: (1) the characteristics of modern information technologies and recent trends that are most relevant to medical education and to the world in which future practitioners, researchers, and educators will live and work; (2) the implications of these technologies for the development of educational goals (in other words, the specific information technology skills that future health professionals will need); (3) the issues associated with the use of these technologies in the process of education; and (4) implications for near-term action by University of California medical schools and academic medical centers.

Masys, D R

1998-01-01

374

Research on Key Technology for the Global Goods Tracing Informational Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper focuses on building key technology of high-efficiency logistics on global logistics informational Platform, such as common sharing of global information in the process of production, transportation and storing or withdrawal based on internet technology, collection of real time information about goods and vehicles by ZigBee node, the connection of nodal operation and logistical management platform by the network

WANG XIAOYONG; FANG YUEFENG; XIAO SIYOU; JIFANG LI

375

Business Value of Information Sharing and the Role of Emerging Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Technology has brought significant benefits to organizations by allowing greater information sharing within and across firm boundaries leading to performance improvements. Emerging technologies such as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web2.0 have transformed the volume and process of information sharing. However, a comprehensive…

Kumar, Sanjeev

2009-01-01

376

On-line Technology Information System (OTIS): Solid Waste Management Technology Information Form (SWM TIF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contents include the following: What is OTIS? OTIS use. Proposed implementation method. Development history of the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Technology Information Form (TIF) and OTIS. Current development state of the SWM TIF and OTIS. Data collection approach. Information categories. Critiques/questions/feedback.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriguez, Luis

2003-01-01

377

Information Communication Technology and Politics: A Synthesized Analysis of the Impacts of Information Technology on Voter Participation in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The availability of political information throughout society made possible by the evolution of contemporary information communication technology has precipitated conflicting debate regarding the effects of technology use on real life political participation. Proponents of technology argue that the use of new information technology stimulates…

Tsuma, Clive Katiba

2011-01-01

378

Conceptual Coordination Bridges Information Processing and Neurophysiology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information processing theories of memory and skills can be reformulated in terms of how categories are physically and temporally related, a process called conceptual coordination. Dreaming can then be understood as a story understanding process in which ...

W. J. Clancey

2000-01-01

379

Application of digital image processing technology in the data restoring process of multi-level digital holographic storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Firstly, this paper introduces the concept of multi-level digital holographic storage. Then, application of digital image processing technology is brought forward in the data restoring process of digital holographic storage. Information in the reconstructed digital images collected from CCD camera is enhanced through digital image processing technology and threshold decision is gone on so as to decreasing bit error ratio

Lihua Fang; Yonqing Gong; Liguang Fang; Qing Wang

2006-01-01

380

75 FR 6683 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Technical Processing Requirements for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and clarity of the information to be collected...the collection of information on those who are...automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e...Proposal: Technical Processing Requirements...

2010-02-10

381

The Role of Competence Level in the Self-Efficacy-Skills Relationship: An Empirical Examination of the Skill Acquisition Process and Its Implications for Information Technology Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of computer training has long been critical in organizations as reliance on technology for strategic advantage increases in importance. How to most effectively conduct such training has clear implications for organizations. This study examines one area of training which is not well understood: the role that competence level plays in the…

Downey, James P.; Zeltmann, Steven

2009-01-01

382

Information Processing/Data Automation Implications of Air Force Command and Control Requirements in the 1980s (CCIP-85). Volume IV. Technology Trends Software.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Command and control software will become more important in 1985 than it is today. It is crucial to determine whether future software technology, as projected from current trends, will be able to provide the techniques necessary to build the appropriate so...

1973-01-01

383

Curriculum strategies to improve baccalaureate nursing information technology outcomes.  

PubMed

Improving information technology (IT) outcomes is a top nursing education priority. Improving care access, quality, and cost effectiveness, IT skills are vital for professional development and advancement. Nursing programs have embraced distance learning and added informatics content, courses, and specific technologies; however, undergraduates' and educators' skills are still considered inadequate. Meanwhile, the Nursing Informatics specialty has moved beyond IT competency articulation and measurement. It is promoting information literacy to support evidence-based practice and the cultivation of clinical wisdom. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative, a coalition aiming to advance IT outcomes in nursing education, has cited benchmarking and sharing best practices as key to achieving its goals. Thus, this article reports on the process, results, and implications of a project using curriculum strategies to enhance IT outcomes. A 3-year action plan directed faculty, student, and agency evaluation, curriculum mapping, model learning module, and documentation development. PMID:19260399

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

384

Technical Information Flows and Innovation Processes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project examined the types of boundary-spanning activity needed to effectively transfer scientific and technological information to achieve innovation and the personal characteristics and traits associated with effective boundary spanners. It also ide...

R. T. Keller, W. E. Holland

1978-01-01

385

A Device for Logic Information Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two essential components of the information-logic problem are: (1) choosing some known part of the total information block for parallel review of the entire block and (2) parallel logic processing of a sequence of codes. The described device fulfills these essential components thereby improving information processing and increasing the speed of…

Levinskiy, L. S.; Vissonova, I. A.

386

The Federal Government and Information Technology Standards: Building the National Information Infrastructure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the development of the National Information Infrastructure (NII). Highlights include the standards process; voluntary standards; Open Systems Interconnection problems; Internet Protocol Suite; consortia; government's role; and network security. (16 references) (LRW)

Radack, Shirley M.

1994-01-01

387

An On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology selection for integrated testing. OTIS will provide a formalized, well-organized protocol to communicate thorough, accurate, current and relevant technology information between the hands-on technology developer and the ALS Community. The need for this type of information transfer system within the Solid Waste Management (SWM) element was recently identified and addressed. A SWM Technology Information Form (TIF) was developed specifically for collecting detailed technology information in the area of SWM. In the TIF, information is requested from SWM technology developers, based upon the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Basic information is requested for low-TRL technologies, and more detailed information is requested as the TRL of the technology increases. A comparable form is also being developed for the wastewater processing element. In the future, similar forms will also be developed for the ALS elements of air revitalization, food processing, biomass production and thermal control. These ALS element-specific forms will be implemented in OTIS via a web-accessible interface,with the data stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQLTM) located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed research and development investment, thereby promoting technology through the TRL scale. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of programmatic needs.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

388

Parallel Processing and Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue contains nine articles that provide an overview of trends and research in parallel information retrieval. Topics discussed include network design for text searching; the Connection Machine System; PThomas, an adaptive information retrieval system on the Connection Machine; algorithms for document clustering; and system architecture for…

Rasmussen, Edie M.; And Others

1991-01-01

389

Measure of Clinical Information Technology Adoption  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this study was to create a new measure for clinical information technology (IT) adoption as a proxy variable of clinical IT use. Methods Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) data for 2004 were used. The 18 clinical IT applications were analyzed across 3,637 acute care hospitals in the United States. After factor analysis was conducted, the clinical IT adoption score was created and evaluated. Results Basic clinical IT systems, such as laboratory, order communication/results, pharmacy, radiology, and surgery information systems had different adoption patterns from advanced IT systems, such as cardiology, radio picture archiving, and communication, as well as computerized practitioner order-entry. This clinical IT score varied across hospital characteristics. Conclusions Different IT applications have different adoption patterns. In creating a measure of IT use among various IT components in hospitals, the characteristics of each type of system should be reflected. Aggregated IT adoption should be used to explain technology acquisition and utilization in hospitals.

Lee, Jinhyung

2013-01-01

390

Automated Composites Processing Technology: Film Module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed a technology that combines a film/adhesive laydown module with fiber placement technology to enable the processing of composite prepreg tow/tape and films, foils or adhesives on the same placement machine. The development of this technology grew out of NASA's need for lightweight, permeation-resistant cryogenic propellant tanks. Autoclave processing of high performance composites results in thermally-induced stresses due to differences in the coefficients of thermal expansion of the fiber and matrix resin components. These stresses, together with the reduction in temperature due to cryogen storage, tend to initiate microcracking within the composite tank wall. One way in which to mitigate this problem is to introduce a thin, crack-resistant polymer film or foil into the tank wall. Investigation into methods to automate the processing of thin film or foil materials into composites led to the development of this technology. The concept employs an automated film supply and feed module that may be designed to fit existing fiber placement machines, or may be designed as integral equipment to new machines. This patent-pending technology can be designed such that both film and foil materials may be processed simultaneously, leading to a decrease in part build cycle time. The module may be designed having a compaction device independent of the host machine, or may utilize the host machine's compactor. The film module functions are controlled by a dedicated system independent of the fiber placement machine controls. The film, foil, or adhesive is processed via pre-existing placement machine run programs, further reducing operational expense.

Hulcher, A. Bruce

2004-01-01

391

Mathematics of Information Processing and the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mathematics of information processing and the Internet can be organized around four fundamental themes: (1) access (finding information easily); (2) security (keeping information confidential); (3) accuracy (ensuring accurate information); and (4) efficiency (data compression). In this article, the author discusses each theme with reference to…

Hart, Eric W.

2010-01-01

392

The Information Technology Career Cluster Initiative: Demystifying IT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Information Technology Career Cluster Initiative and the tools it has developed to help educators improve information technology programs. Suggests that educators use the model and tools to guide program development, improvement, and expansion. (JOW)

Malyn-Smith, Joyce

2003-01-01

393

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the analysis, design programming, operation...out by other divisions and offices, and furnishing...

2013-04-01

394

Information Technology Training in India toward Globalization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes Toshiba?s training program in Information Technology in India. It is not a simple technology training, but a training for globalization of Japanese engineers so that they can cope with people from different culture and business practices. We first describe why such training program became necessary. We then describe how the training courses and contents are developed. The operation of the training program and our effort in continual improvement are explained. The effectiveness of the program is also evaluated. The training program presented is a first in its kind and we believe that it can contribute to changing Toshiba from inside toward more globalized corporation. We also believe that this kind of overseas training is effective in training young students so that they can cope with globalizing society after graduation.

Yamashita, Katsuhiko

395

76 FR 57615 - National Health Information Technology Week, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health information technology connects doctors and...health care. This technology is critical to improving patient...Nation's veterans. Better technology can also cut costs...systems can enable software that puts...

2011-09-15

396

New developments of process technologies for microfabrication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic success of microsystems technology requires cost- effective fabrication in large series as well as a great diversity of materials processing technologies. The different techniques of micro molding meet all these requirements. An important economic factor is the reduction of cycle time by process and tool optimization with simulation techniques. Actually, minimal cycle times are about two minutes in certain cases. Evolution of thermoplastics processing technologies is demonstrated by application of technical or even high- performance polymers like PEEK, PMMA or PSU. For manufacturing of metal microstructures, we develop three possibilities: microstructures like stepped LIGA gear wheels are obtained from galvanization on lost molds, which have been injection molded using conductively filled polymers. Additionally, electroless plating is used to replicate nonconducting plastic microstructures and the metal injection molding (MIM) process is under development. A quite different approach uses polymer precursors containing monomer/polymer mixtures in reaction injection molding. We chose photoinduced polymerization without any preheating step using photopolymerizable resins. Avoiding the time consuming thermal cycle, molding takes place at ambient temperature. Due to the low viscosity, the microcavities should be filled completely. The process is characterized by the integration of a powerful UV-source and a partially glass made molding tool.

Piotter, Volker; Hanemann, Thomas; Ruprecht, Robert; Thies, Andreas; Hausselt, Juergen H.

1997-09-01

397

The General Information Processing System (Gipsy).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper describes the General Information Processing System, a computer program designed to serve a variety of information processing applications. An input deck to the program is composed of a data base and a description of the processing tasks to be p...

J. D. Cooper

1969-01-01

398

Secure-CITI Critical Information-Technology Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Secure and robust Critical Information-Technology Infrastructure (S-CITI for short) project aims at providing support to Emergency Managers (EMs) that are faced with management of resources and with decisions before, during, and after emergencies or disasters. Our approach consists of using new and existing sensors to gather data from the field, processing this data to detect and predict emergency\\/disaster situations,

Daniel Mossé; Louise Comfort; Ahmed Amer; José Carlos Brustoloni; Panos K. Chrysanthis; Milos Hauskrecht; Alexandros Labrinidis; Rami G. Melhem; Kirk Pruhs

2006-01-01

399

The research of dual-band IR imaging information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two-spectrum (LW/MW) IR imaging system using Automatic Target recognition technology, which has both merits of single long and middle IR wave, can performs well in clutter sea-sky condition. The information processing technology of dual-band IR imaging guidance plays a key role in the research of dual band IR system using ATR technology. In the paper, we present a system for ATR technology on dual-band IR imagery. We described the system architecture and methods for target detection, recognition and tracking.

Peng, Zhiyong; Hu, Xiaomei; Lu, Jin

2009-10-01

400

Transforming Care Delivery through Health Information Technology  

PubMed Central

The slow but progressive adoption of health information technology (IT) nationwide promises to usher in a new era in health care. Electronic health record systems provide a complete patient record at the point of care and can help to alleviate some of the challenges of a fragmented delivery system, such as drug-drug interactions. Moreover, health IT promotes evidence-based practice by identifying gaps in recommended treatment and providing clinical decision-support tools. In addition, the data collected through digital records can be used to monitor patient outcomes and identify potential improvements in care protocols. Kaiser Permanente continues to advance its capability in each of these areas.

Wheatley, Benjamin

2013-01-01

401

Medication errors: prevention using information technology systems.  

PubMed

1. Given the high frequency of medication errors with resultant patient harm and cost, their prevention is a worldwide priority for health systems. 2. Systems that use information technology (IT), such as computerized physician order entry, automated dispensing, barcode medication administration, electronic medication reconciliation, and personal health records, are vital components of strategies to prevent medication errors, and a growing body of evidence calls for their widespread implementation. 3. However, important barriers, such as the high costs of such systems, must be addressed through economic incentives and government policies. 4. This paper provides a review of the current state of IT systems in preventing medication errors. PMID:19594538

Agrawal, Abha

2009-06-01

402

Medication errors: prevention using information technology systems  

PubMed Central

Given the high frequency of medication errors with resultant patient harm and cost, their prevention is a worldwide priority for health systems. Systems that use information technology (IT), such as computerized physician order entry, automated dispensing, barcode medication administration, electronic medication reconciliation, and personal health records, are vital components of strategies to prevent medication errors, and a growing body of evidence calls for their widespread implementation. However, important barriers, such as the high costs of such systems, must be addressed through economic incentives and government policies. This paper provides a review of the current state of IT systems in preventing medication errors.

Agrawal, Abha

2009-01-01

403

The value of information technology in healthcare.  

PubMed

Not only will healthcare investments in information technology (IT) continue, they are sure to increase. Just as other industries learned over time how to extract more value from IT investments, so too will the healthcare industry, and for the same reason: because they must. This article explores the types of business value IT has generated in other industries, what value it can generate in healthcare, and some of the barriers encountered in achieving that value. The article ends with management principles for IT investment. PMID:12645778

Skinner, Richard I

2003-01-01

404

Techno-Human Mesh: The Growing Power of Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the intersection of information technologies, power, people, and bodies. It explores how information technologies are on a path of creating efficiency, productivity, profitability, surveillance, and control, and looks at the ways in which human-machine interface technologies, such as wearable computers, biometric technologies,…

West, Cynthia K.

405

Information Technology in the Health Care Industry: A Primer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses current and future applications of information technology within the health care industry. It presents some broad strategies for approaching information technology investments and various tools available. It also discusses how information technology can support the medical providers' competitive strategy.

Peter B. Southard; Soongoo Hong; Keng Siau

2000-01-01

406

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

407

[No exchange of information without technology : modern infrastructure in radiology].  

PubMed

Modern radiology cannot accomplish the daily numbers of examinations without supportive technology. Even though technology seems to be becoming increasingly more indispensable, business continuity should be ensured at any time and if necessary even with a limited technical infrastructure by business continuity management. An efficient information security management system forms the basis. The early radiology information systems were islands of information processing. A modern radiology department must be able to be modularly integrated into an informational network of a bigger organization. The secondary use of stored data for clinical decision-making support poses new challenges for the integrity of the data or systems because medical knowledge is displayed and provided in a context of treatment. In terms of imaging the creation and distribution radiology services work in a fully digital manner which is often different for radiology reports. Legally secure electronic diagnostic reports require a complex technical infrastructure; therefore, diagnostic findings still need to be filed as a paper document. The internal exchange and an improved dose management can be simplified by systems which continuously and automatically record the doses and thus provide the possibility of permanent analysis and reporting. Communication between patient and radiologist will gain ongoing importance. Intelligent use of technology will convey this to the radiologist and it will facilitate the understanding of the information by the patient. PMID:24402723

Hupperts, H; Hermann, K-G A

2014-01-01

408

Age Effects in Information Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to modify or ameliorate the effects of declining cognitive abilities of the elderly have met with limited success. To focus on the effects of age in cognitive processing capacity (CPC), Furukawa's (1977) CPC test was administered individually to 3 age groups (16-30, 31-45, and 45-60) of 15 subjects each. Speed of processing old and new…

Furukawa, James M.; And Others

409

Potential of information technology in dental education.  

PubMed

The use of information technology (IT) in dentistry is far ranging. In order to produce a working document for the dental educator, this paper focuses on those methods where IT can assist in the education and competence development of dental students and dentists (e.g. e-learning, distance learning, simulations and computer-based assessment). Web pages and other information-gathering devices have become an essential part of our daily life, as they provide extensive information on all aspects of our society. This is mirrored in dental education where there are many different tools available, as listed in this report. IT offers added value to traditional teaching methods and examples are provided. In spite of the continuing debate on the learning effectiveness of e-learning applications, students request such approaches as an adjunct to the traditional delivery of learning materials. Faculty require support to enable them to effectively use the technology to the benefit of their students. This support should be provided by the institution and it is suggested that, where possible, institutions should appoint an e-learning champion with good interpersonal skills to support and encourage faculty change. From a global prospective, all students and faculty should have access to e-learning tools. This report encourages open access to e-learning material, platforms and programs. The quality of such learning materials must have well defined learning objectives and involve peer review to ensure content validity, accuracy, currency, the use of evidence-based data and the use of best practices. To ensure that the developers' intellectual rights are protected, the original content needs to be secure from unauthorized changes. Strategies and recommendations on how to improve the quality of e-learning are outlined. In the area of assessment, traditional examination schemes can be enriched by IT, whilst the Internet can provide many innovative approaches. Future trends in IT will evolve around improved uptake and access facilitated by the technology (hardware and software). The use of Web 2.0 shows considerable promise and this may have implications on a global level. For example, the one-laptop-per-child project is the best example of what Web 2.0 can do: minimal use of hardware to maximize use of the Internet structure. In essence, simple technology can overcome many of the barriers to learning. IT will always remain exciting, as it is always changing and the users, whether dental students, educators or patients are like chameleons adapting to the ever-changing landscape. PMID:18289271

Mattheos, N; Stefanovic, N; Apse, P; Attstrom, R; Buchanan, J; Brown, P; Camilleri, A; Care, R; Fabrikant, E; Gundersen, S; Honkala, S; Johnson, L; Jonas, I; Kavadella, A; Moreira, J; Peroz, I; Perryer, D G; Seemann, R; Tansy, M; Thomas, H F; Tsuruta, J; Uribe, S; Urtane, I; Walsh, T F; Zimmerman, J; Walmsley, A D

2008-02-01

410

Information Sciences: Information Processing Systems and Techniques. Volume III.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography is a compilation of annotated references on Information Sciences: Information Processing Systems and Techniques and is Volume III in a four-volume set on Information Sciences. It is a revision to the unlimited references of the earlier bi...

1972-01-01

411

Information Sciences: Information Processing Systems and Techniques. Vol. III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bibliography is a compilation of annotated references on information sciences: information processing systems and techniques and is volume III in a four-volume set on information sciences. It is a revision to the unlimited references of the earlier bibliographies, AD-829 001 and AD-829 002, on the same subject. Volume III contains references…

Defense Documentation Center, Alexandria, VA.

412

Using ERPs to Study Human Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ERP technique may provide an inobtrusive measure of the processing of psychological information during task performance. Some investigators regard EPRs even as a direct manifestation of the ongoing psychological processes. Before such a strong claim c...

A. W. Gaillard

1988-01-01

413

Effects of Alcohol on Human Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although the three invesigations supported by this contract are independent studies, each examined the effects of alcohol on cognitive processes associated with information processing or memory. The principal aim of the first project was to analyze the ef...

H. L. Williams B. K. Lester O. H. Rundell

1976-01-01

414

Standards Advisor-Advanced Information Technology for Advanced Information Delivery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Developers of space systems must deal with an increasing amount of information in responding to extensive requirements and standards from numerous sources. Accessing these requirements and standards, understanding them, comparing them, negotiating them and responding to them is often an overwhelming task. There are resources to aid the space systems developer, such as lessons learned and best practices. Again, though, accessing, understanding, and using this information is often more difficult than helpful. This results in space systems that: 1. Do not meet all their requirements. 2. Do not incorporate prior engineering experience. 3. Cost more to develop. 4. Take longer to develop. The NASA Technical Standards Program (NTSP) web site at http://standards.nasa.gov has made significant improvements in making standards, lessons learned, and related material available to space systems developers agency-wide. The Standards Advisor was conceived to take the next steps beyond the current product, continuing to apply evolving information technology that continues to improve information delivery to space systems developers. This report describes the features of the Standards Advisor and suggests a technical approach to its development.

Hawker, J. Scott

2003-01-01

415

Tank waste processing and disposal technology development data summary  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy`s Waste Management and Technology Development Programs are engaged in a number of projects to develop, demonstrate, test, and evaluate new technologies to support the clean-up and site remediation of more than 300 underground storage tanks containing over 381,000 cubic meters (100 million gallons) of radioactive mixed waste. Significant development is needed within primary processing functions and in determining an overall bounding strategy. This document is a first attempt to summarize the overall strategy and show technology development activities within the strategy. It is intended to serve as an information resource to support understanding, decision making and integration of multiple program technology development activities. Recipients are encouraged to provide comments and input to the authors for incorporation in future revisions.

Cruse, J.M. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); McGinnis, C.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-01-01

416

Implementing Information Assurance - Beyond Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information Assurance (IA) has been around for decades and has finally obtained the attention it deserves. Ten years ago, the term 'IA' was known only by small groups of security experts often labeled as 'paranoid' or 'rigid'. Today, IA is well-known by m...

J. Newkirk M. Piatek

2009-01-01

417

Image processing technology for enhanced situational awareness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the integration of a number of advanced image and data processing technologies in support of the development of next-generation Situational Awareness systems for counter-terrorism and crime fighting applications. In particular, the paper discusses the European Union Framework 7 'SAMURAI' project, which is investigating novel approaches to interactive Situational Awareness using cooperative networks of heterogeneous imaging sensors. Specific focus is given to novel Data Fusion aspects of the research which aim to improve system performance through intelligently fusing both image data and non image data sources, resolving human-machine conflicts, and refining the Situational Awareness picture. In addition, the paper highlights some recent advances in supporting image processing technologies. Finally, future trends in image-based Situational Awareness are identified, such as Post-Event Analysis (also known as 'Back-Tracking'), and the associated technical challenges are discussed.

Page, S. F.; Smith, M. I.; Hickman, D.

2009-09-01

418

25 CFR 543.20 - What are the minimum internal control standards for information technology and information...  

...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? 543.20 Section 543.20 Indians...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? (a)...

2014-04-01

419

Innovation Value of Information Technology: Impact of Information Technology--Intensity on Innovation Capability and Firm Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though information technology adoptions have been always referred to as innovations in firms, much of the business value literature has concentrated on the tangible and immediately measurable impacts of information technology (IT) adoptions. This study aims to explore the impact of information technology investments on the innovativeness of a…

Ramamani, Mahesh Kumar

2010-01-01

420

Advances in resist technology and processing V  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings discuss the technology and processing advances made in the resist materials. The topics included are: Mid-UV photoresists combining chemical amplification and dissolution inhibition; new photoactive compounds for deep-UV lithography; contrast-enhancement materials for mid-UV applications; materials for CMOS and bipolar circuits; effects of ion bombardment in oxygen plasma etching; silicone-based positive photoresist; and ion-etching properties of polysilane polysilane copolymers.

MacDonald, S.A.

1988-01-01

421

Audio processing technology for law enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Air Force Research Laboratory Multi-Sensor Exploitation Branch (AFRL\\/IFEC) has been a Department of Defense leader in research and development (R&D) in speech and audio processing for over 25 years. Their primary thrust in these R&D areas has focused on developing technology to improve the collection, handling, identification, and intelligibility of military communication signals. The National Law Enforcement and Corrections

Sharon M. Walter; Maria Cofano; Roy J. Ratley

1999-01-01

422

Information technology and underdevelopment in the Third World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is taking centre stage as the world approaches the twenty-first century. The enormous advantages it has in easing the delivery of information around the world, as well as the central role of information in the new global economy, means that information technology will shape the dynamics of the new millennium. However, for most Third World countries, faced with

Samuel W. Jimba

1999-01-01

423

Information Technology and the Curriculum: A Status Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology infuses all aspects of modern life, and the growth of digital information continues at an unprecedented rate. Widely influential documents, such as the National Research Council's "Being Fluent with Information Technology" and the American Library Association's "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher…

Perry, Claudia A.

2004-01-01

424

From linear adaptive filtering to nonlinear information processing - The design and analysis of information processing systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in computing capabilities and the interest in new challenging signal processing problems that cannot be successfully solved using traditional techniques have sparked an interest in information-theoretic signal processing techniques. Adaptive nonlinear filters that process signals based on their information content have become a major focus of interest. The design and analysis of such nonlinear information processing systems is

Deniz Erdogmus; Jose Principe

2006-01-01

425

Introduction of new process technology into the wastewater treatment sector.  

PubMed

Innovative wastewater treatment technologies are developed to respond to changing regulatory requirements, increase efficiency, and enhance sustainability or to reduce capital or operating costs. Drawing from experience of five successful new process introductions from both the inventor/developer's and adopter's viewpoints coupled with the application of marketing analysis tools (an S curve), the phases of new technology market penetration can be identified along with the influence of market drivers, marketing, patents and early adopters. The analysis is used to identify measures that have increased the capture of benefits from new technology introduction. These have included funding by the government for research and demonstrations, transparency of information, and the provision of independent technology evaluations. To reduce the barriers and speed the introduction of new technology, and thereby harvest the full benefits from it, our industry must develop mechanisms for sharing risks and any consequences of failure more broadly than just amongst the early adopters. WEF and WERF will continue to have the central role in providing reliable information networks and independent technology evaluations. PMID:21751707

Parker, Denny S

2011-06-01

426

Teaching introductory information technology through English in China: Innovative approaches to information technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United International College (UIC) is a new Liberal Arts college in Southern China, whose goals include creating an innovative international education model for China that can contribute to the welfare of the nation and the world. All non-Computer Science major students in UIC are required to take an introductory Information technology (IT) course. This paper identifies some of the

Haifei Huang; Dave Towey

2010-01-01

427

Natural language processing-based COTS software and related technologies survey.  

SciTech Connect

Natural language processing-based knowledge management software, traditionally developed for security organizations, is now becoming commercially available. An informal survey was conducted to discover and examine current NLP and related technologies and potential applications for information retrieval, information extraction, summarization, categorization, terminology management, link analysis, and visualization for possible implementation at Sandia National Laboratories. This report documents our current understanding of the technologies, lists software vendors and their products, and identifies potential applications of these technologies.

Stickland, Michael G.; Conrad, Gregory N.; Eaton, Shelley M.

2003-09-01

428

General Information Processing System: (GIPSY). Application Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application description is directed to those desiring to acquaint themselves with the characteristics of the General Information Processing System (GIPSY). It provides guidelines and aids for the preparation and use of the system, and covers such areas as: (1) Information Collection and Creation, (2) Information Retrieval, (3) Maintenance…

Addison, Charles H.; And Others

429

Three-dimensional optical information processing techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capturing and manipulating three-dimensional information of the object space make it possible to deal with the object information with more freedom and completeness. In this paper, we present various optical methods to process three-dimensional information of the object.

Nam Kim; Jae-Hyeung Park

2009-01-01

430

Technological frames: making sense of information technology in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we build on and extend research into the cognitions and values of users and designers by proposing a systematic approach for examining the underlying assumptions, expectations, and knowledge that people have about technology. Such interpretations of technology (which we call technological frames) are central to understanding technological development, use, and change in organizations. We suggest that where

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Debra C. Gash

1994-01-01

431

Age, information processing speed, and intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two parallel, but independent, literatures have grown out of observations that individual differences in information processing speed, as expressed in performance on choice reaction time (C RT) tasks, modestly correlate with individual differences in age and IQ test performance. These associations have prompted theories that individual differences in information processing speed functionally determine individual differences in performance of all cognitive

Patrick Rabbitt; Louise Goward

1994-01-01

432

The Location of Information Processing Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Location theory was extended into the domain of information-processing firms by attempting to optimally place a federal research and development agency according to its information-processing functions. The techniques used consisted of identifying possible locations within the continental United States, examining the costs of performing the…

Monge, Peter R.; And Others

433

Connecting Clinical Information Processing with Computer Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinically oriented computer systems require compatibility with the information processing that typifies clinical work. This paper summarizes some of the research that can be applied to such processing and uses the summary to suggest likely errors. Emphasis is placed on decision support systems that integrate human and computer information

Carlson, Raymond W.

1985-01-01

434

Fuzzy analyses of biological information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neural information processing is mediated by complex inter-relationships amongst cells. Existing methods to carry out comprehensive evaluations of these interactions in constrained by properties intrinsic to neurobiological data: low mean cellular firing rates and aperiodic sequences of firing times. We have devised a technique to overcome these difficulties. Using fuzzy logic to represent cellular information processing characteristics, and artificial neural

Safwan Shah; William E. Faller; Marvin W. Luttges

1994-01-01

435

75 FR 39044 - Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training Administration [TA-W-72,286] Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...April 29, 2010, applicable to workers of Unisys Corporation, Technology Business...

2010-07-07

436

Global Technology Revolution. Bio/Nano/Materials Trends and Their Synergies with Information Technology by 2015.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NIC believed that various technologies (including information technology, biotechnology, nanotechnology (broadly defined), and materials technology) have the potential for significant and dominant global effects by 2015. The input presented in this re...

P. S. Anton R. Silberglitt J. Schneider

2004-01-01

437

NaXi Pictographs Network Information Processing Based on WEFT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Naxi pictograph is a Tibeto-Burman, and it is the only pictograph in use nowadays. The traditional national minority language network information processing downloads through the ActiveX technology the typeface as the card the client side, after the installment only then can browse normally contains the national minority language homepage, this mode efficiency low also takes the massive networks resource. This

Hai Guo; Jingying Zhao; Yongkui Liu

2008-01-01

438

Focus on Measurement-Based Quantum Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last two decades have witnessed the rapid growth of quantum information processing as an active field of multidisciplinary science and technology. Tremendous theoretical and experimental progress has been made in quantum communication and quantum computation, and it seems clear that some of this progress will soon result in practical applications outside the laboratory.Quantum computation aims to build a quantum

Terry Rudolph; Jian-Wei Pan

2007-01-01

439

Functional safety of health information technology.  

PubMed

In an effort to improve patient safety and reduce adverse events, there has been a rapid growth in the utilisation of health information technology (HIT). However, little work has examined the safety of the HIT systems themselves, the methods used in their development or the potential errors they may introduce into existing systems. This article introduces the conventional safety-related systems development standard IEC 61508 to the medical domain. It is proposed that the techniques used in conventional safety-related systems development should be utilised by regulation bodies, healthcare organisations and HIT developers to provide an assurance of safety for HIT systems. In adopting the IEC 61508 methodology for HIT development and integration, inherent problems in the new systems can be identified and corrected during their development. Also, IEC 61508 should be used to develop a healthcare-specific standard to allow stakeholders to provide an assurance of a system's safety. PMID:22447876

Chadwick, Liam; Fallon, Enda F; van der Putten, Wil J; Kirrane, Frank

2012-03-01

440

Training and information technology issue, 2005  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the May-June issue is on training and information technology. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Communicating effectively, by Alain Bucaille, AREVA; Reputation management, by Susan Brisset, Bruce Power; Contol room and HSI modernization guidance, by Joseph Naser, EPRI; How far are we from public acceptance, by Jennifer A. Biedscheid and Murthy Devarakonda, Washington TRU Solutions LLC; Spent fuel management options, by Brent W. Dixon and Steven J. Piet, Idaho National Laboratory; Industry Awards; A secure energy future for America, by George W. Bush, President, United States of America; Vision of the future of nuclear energy, by Anne Lauvergeon, AREVA; and, Plant profile: strategy for transition to digital, TXU Power.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2005-05-15

441

Information technology and the board of directors.  

PubMed

Ever since the Y2K scare, boards have grown increasingly nervous about corporate dependence on information technology. Since then, computer crashes, denial of service attacks, competitive pressures, and the need to automate compliance with government regulations have heightened board sensitivity to IT risk. Unfortunately, most boards remain largely in the dark when it comes to IT spending and strategy, despite the fact that corporate information assets can account for more than 50% of capital spending. A lack of board oversight for IT activities is dangerous, the authors say. It puts firms at risk in the same way that failing to audit their books would. Companies that have established board-level IT governance committees are better able to control IT project costs and carve out competitive advantage. But there is no one-size-fits-all model for board supervision of a company's IT operations. The correct approach depends on what strategic "mode" a company is in whether its operations are extremely dependent on IT or not, and whether or not it relies heavily on keeping up with the latest technologies. This article spells out the conditions under which boards need to change their level of involvement in IT decisions, explaining how members can recognize their firms' IT risks and decide whether they should pursue more aggressive IT governance. The authors delineate what an IT governance committee should look like in terms of charter, membership, duties, and overall agenda. They also offer recommendations for developing IT policies that take into account an organization's operational and strategic needs and suggest what to do when those needs change. Given the dizzying pace of change in the world of IT, boards can't afford to ignore the state of their IT systems and capabilities. Appropriate board governance can go a long way toward helping a company avoid unnecessary risk and improve its competitive position. PMID:16250628

Nolan, Richard; McFarlan, F Warren

2005-10-01

442

An information Grid-based model for sharing water pollution control and prevention technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though water pollution control and prevention technologies have made a great progress, most polluting enterprises even have never heard of them, not to mention use them. So we design an technologies sharing model based on information Grid, and focus our discussion on the process of searching and invoking the wanted technologies with mobile agents.

Wang Minghu; Gao Zhenji; Xu Chunlian; Huang Haiming

2010-01-01

443

The effect of technology information on consumer expectations and liking of beef.  

PubMed

European consumers increasingly attach value to process characteristics of food. Although beef technologies are hardly communicated to consumers, providing consumer-oriented information about technology application might increase perceived transparency and consumer acceptance. This study investigates how information about beef technologies influences consumer expectations and liking of beef. Beef consumers in Belgium (n = 108) and Norway (n = 110) participated in an information experiment combined with sensory testing in which each consumer tasted three beef muscles treated with different technologies: unprocessed tenderloin M. Psoas major, muscle profiled M. Infraspinatus, and marinated (by injection) M. Semitendinosus. The findings indicate that detailed information about beef technologies can enhance consumers' expectations and liking of beef. However, this effect differs between countries and beef technologies. Information becomes either less relevant when the product is actually tasted, as indicated by the findings in Norway, or more relevant when information is confirmed by own experience during tasting, as indicated by the findings in Belgium. PMID:21981934

Van Wezemael, Lynn; Ueland, Øydis; Rødbotten, Rune; De Smet, Stefaan; Scholderer, Joachim; Verbeke, Wim

2012-02-01

444

75 FR 5595 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-02-03

445

75 FR 70923 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-11-19

446

75 FR 57276 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-09-20

447

75 FR 42091 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-07-20

448

75 FR 151 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-01-04

449

75 FR 29762 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-05-27

450

75 FR 51819 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-08-23

451

75 FR 16126 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-03-31

452

75 FR 57026 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-09-17

453

76 FR 9784 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2011-02-22

454

75 FR 51820 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-08-23

455

75 FR 57521 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-21

456

76 FR 76640 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology, which apply to federal...Section 508) Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility...

2011-12-08

457

76 FR 34886 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...and orders that include information technology (IT) supplies, services...effective date that include information technology (IT) supplies,...

2011-06-15

458

75 FR 55360 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-10

459

76 FR 64386 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-10-18

460

75 FR 55616 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-13

461

75 FR 57079 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-17

462

76 FR 77738 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...Guidelines and its Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology covered by Section 508...

2011-12-14

463

78 FR 77662 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction...

2013-12-24

464

77 FR 67028 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...meeting will include: Information Technology--The Effects on and...

2012-11-08

465

77 FR 749 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...and orders that include information technology (IT) supplies, services...January 6, 2012 that include information technology (IT) supplies,...

2012-01-06

466

75 FR 77753 - Pilot Program for the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel AGENCY: Department...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology (IT) Personnel. This...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel,'' to...

2010-12-14

467

77 FR 38092 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...purpose of soliciting from the information technology community and other...

2012-06-26

468

77 FR 43106 - Tribal Consultation Sessions-Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure Consolidation...tribal input on the 2012 Information Technology transformation realignment proposal as well as on how Information Technology transformation should...

2012-07-23

469

77 FR 6825 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2012-02-09

470

78 FR 72718 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Public Admission to the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2013-12-03

471

76 FR 18800 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-04-05

472

14 CFR 1274.937 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. 1274.937 Section...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources July 2002 (a)...

2011-01-01

473

Thermodynamics for separation-process technology  

SciTech Connect

When contemplating or designing a separation process, every chemical engineer at once recognizes the thermodynamic boundary conditions that must be satisfied: when a mixture is continuously processed to yield at least partially purified products, energy and mass must be conserved and work must be done. In his daily tasks, a chemical engineer uses thermodynamic concepts as tacit, almost subconscious, knowledge. Thus, qualitative thermodynamics significantly informs process conception at its most fundamental level. However, quantitative design requires detailed knowledge of thermodynamic relations and physical chemistry. Most process engineers, concerned with flow sheets and economics, cannot easily command that detailed knowledge and therefore it is advantageous for them to maintain close contact with those specialists who do. Quantitative chemical thermodynamics provides an opportunity to evaluate possible separation processes not only because it may give support to the process engineer`s bold imagination but also because, when coupled with molecular models, it can significantly reduce the experimental effort required to determine an optimum choice of process alternatives. Six examples are presented to indicate the application of thermodynamics for conventional and possible future separation processes.

Prausnitz, J.M.

1995-10-01

474

Value Addition in Information Technology and Literacy: An Empirical Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research is to analyze the value addition in students' information communication and technology (ICT) literacy level and confidence in using technology after completing a general education information technology course at a four-year university. An online survey was created to examine students' perceptions. The findings revealed…

Sanghera, Kamaljeet K.

2009-01-01

475

Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) Program Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Program's goal is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communication technologies

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

476

Human Resource Information Systems: Backbone Technology of Contemporary Human Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Human Resource (HR) function of organizations is changing rapidly, reacting to a changing social and organizational environment and rapidly evolving information technologies. Social and organizational changes exert pressure on HR professionals to provide expanded services, of a higher quality, faster, and seamlessly linked with other corporate functions (Pfeffer, 1997). Information technologies (IT), which provide enabling technologies to assist HR

ANTHONY R. HENDRICKSON

2003-01-01

477

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

2008-09-08

478

Information technology and under-served communities.  

PubMed

Advances in information technology (IT) and telecommunications offer many potential benefits to Australia's under-served communities. However, there is also a risk that some of these communities will only be further disadvantaged, as IT will not contribute greatly to bringing groups such as the mentally ill and illiterate into the mainstream of the community. However, other under-served groups may experience service improvements. For people who do not have English as their first language, IT developments provide opportunities for cheaper and easier service and information delivery in their own languages. Telemedicine and IT also have the potential to make working in rural areas more attractive. On the other hand, telemedicine may be used as a means to bypass local health service providers, as has happened with other service industries. The health sector, though, is well behind these other industries in adopting IT and telecommunications. The growth of telemedicine projects is one indication that progress is being made, however. Two case studies--of telepsychiatry, and of medical education at Flinders University--provide examples of major Australian successes. The medical workforce implications will involve the overall numbers and mix of practitioners, their geographical distribution, changing professional boundaries and changing skill requirements. The only certain effect is that if IT changes the nature of medical work, large numbers of medical practitioners will need to improve their computer skills and older practitioners will find this most difficult. PMID:10628012

Swanson, B

1999-01-01

479

Information technology in veterinary pharmacology instruction.  

PubMed

Veterinary clinical pharmacology encompasses all interactions between drugs and animals and applies basic and clinical knowledge to improve rational drug use and patient outcomes. Veterinary pharmacology instructors set educational goals and objectives that, when mastered by students, lead to improved animal health. The special needs of pharmacology instruction include establishing a functional interface between basic and clinical knowledge, managing a large quantity of information, and mastering quantitative skills essential to successful drug administration and analysis of drug action. In the present study, a survey was conducted to determine the extent to which veterinary pharmacology instructors utilize information technology (IT) in their teaching. Several IT categories were investigated, including Web-based instructional aids, stand-alone pharmacology software, interactive videoconferencing, databases, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and e-book applications. Currently IT plays a largely ancillary role in pharmacology instruction. IT use is being expanded primarily through the efforts of two veterinary professional pharmacology groups, the American College of Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology (ACVCP) and the American Academy of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics (AAVPT). The long-term outcome of improved IT use in pharmacology instruction should be to support the larger educational mission of active learning and problem solving. Creation of high-quality IT resources that promote this goal has the potential to improve veterinary pharmacology instruction within and across institutions. PMID:14976618

Kochevar, Deborah T

2003-01-01

480

Nanoscale particles in technological processes of beneficiation  

PubMed Central

Summary Background: Cavitation is a rather common and important effect in the processes of destruction of nano- and microscale particles in natural and technological processes. A possible cavitation disintegration of polymineral nano- and microparticles, which are placed into a liquid, as a result of the interaction of the particles with collapsed cavitation bubbles is considered. The emphasis is put on the cavitation processes on the interface between liquid and fine solid particles, which is suitable for the description of the real situations. Results: The results are illustrated for the minerals that are most abundant in gold ore. The bubbles are generated by shock loading of the liquid heated to the boiling temperature. Possibilities of cavitation separation of nano- and microscale monomineral fractions from polymineral nano- and microparticles and of the use of cavitation for beneficiation are demonstrated. Conclusion: The cavitation disintegration mechanism is important because the availability of high-grade deposits in the process of mining and production of noble metals is decreasing. This demands for an enhancement of the efficiency in developing low-grade deposits and in reprocessing ore dumps and tailings, which contain a certain amount of noble metals in the form of finely disseminated fractions. The cavitation processes occuring on the interface between liquid and fine solid particles are occasionally more effective than the bulk cavitation processes that were considered earlier.

Adushkin, Vitaly V; Golub', Anatoly P

2014-01-01

481

Nanoscale particles in technological processes of beneficiation.  

PubMed

Background: Cavitation is a rather common and important effect in the processes of destruction of nano- and microscale particles in natural and technological processes. A possible cavitation disintegration of polymineral nano- and microparticles, which are placed into a liquid, as a result of the interaction of the particles with collapsed cavitation bubbles is considered. The emphasis is put on the cavitation processes on the interface between liquid and fine solid particles, which is suitable for the description of the real situations. Results: The results are illustrated for the minerals that are most abundant in gold ore. The bubbles are generated by shock loading of the liquid heated to the boiling temperature. Possibilities of cavitation separation of nano- and microscale monomineral fractions from polymineral nano- and microparticles and of the use of cavitation for beneficiation are demonstrated. Conclusion: The cavitation disintegration mechanism is important because the availability of high-grade deposits in the process of mining and production of noble metals is decreasing. This demands for an enhancement of the efficiency in developing low-grade deposits and in reprocessing ore dumps and tailings, which contain a certain amount of noble metals in the form of finely disseminated fractions. The cavitation processes occuring on the interface between liquid and fine solid particles are occasionally more effective than the bulk cavitation processes that were considered earlier. PMID:24778972

Popel, Sergey I; Adushkin, Vitaly V; Golub', Anatoly P

2014-01-01

482

Report on the Trend of the Utilization of Information Technology for the Exchange and Communication of Scientific and Technological Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science and Technology Agency conducted research on utilization of information technology in future scientific and technological information dissemination systems. This paper describes the outline of this study. Based on the hearing from information specialists, questionnaires to personnels in charge of R & D as well as documentation sections of organizations, and the literature search this report discusses a new type of information distributing system having its origin in prospects on usage forms of scientific and technological information, and the information disseminating technology. As to scientific and technological information for Keihanshin District it also grasps the needs for its use, analyzes the trend in the distributing systems and describes subjects for promoting information and communication in this District.

Dobashi, Hisashi; Sawaki, Masataka

483

Information Literacy Education on College of Technology at Kyushu Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, the importance of an engineering education increases by the development of the information technology (IT) . Development of the information literacy education is important to deal with new IT in the education on college of technology. Our group investigated the current state of information literacy education on college of technology at Kyushu area and the secondary education. In addition, we investigated about the talent whom the industrial world requested. From these investigation results, this paper proposed cooperation with the elementary and secondary education, enhancement of intellectual property education, introduction of information ethics education, introduction of career education and enhancement of PBL to information literacy education on college of technology.

Kozono, Kazutake; Ikeda, Naomitsu; Irie, Hiroki; Fujimoto, Yoichi; Oshima, Shunsuke; Murayama, Koichi; Taguchi, Hirotsugu

484

Materials Science and Technology, Volume 17A, Processing of Ceramics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress in the processing of ceramics has made these materials very important for current and future technologies. Internationally renowned experts have contributed to this first of two volumes which provide a wealth of information indispensable for materials scientists and engineers. Contents of Volume A: Morrell: Microstructural Targets for Ceramics. De With: Process Control in the Manufacture of Ceramics. Schönert/Segal: Physical Preparation of Powders. Scarlett: Characterization of Powders. Bortzmeyer: Die Pressing and Isostatic Pressing. Rand: Slip Casting and Extrusion. Hellebrand: Tape Casting. Evans: Injection Molding. Bonekamp/Veringa: Green Microstructrues and their Characterization.

Brook, Richard J.

1996-12-01

485

Voice-processing technologies--their application in telecommunications.  

PubMed

As the telecommunications industry evolves over the next decade to provide the products and services that people will desire, several key technologies will become commonplace. Two of these, automatic speech recognition and text-to-speech synthesis, will provide users with more freedom on when, where, and how they access information. While these technologies are currently in their infancy, their capabilities are rapidly increasing and their deployment in today's telephone network is expanding. The economic impact of just one application, the automation of operator services, is well over $100 million per year. Yet there still are many technical challenges that must be resolved before these technologies can be deployed ubiquitously in products and services throughout the worldwide telephone network. These challenges include: (i) High level of accuracy. The technology must be perceived by the user as highly accurate, robust, and reliable. (ii) Easy to use. Speech is only one of several possible input/output modalities for conveying information between a human and a machine, much like a computer terminal or Touch-Tone pad on a telephone. It is not the final product. Therefore, speech technologies must be hidden from the user. That is, the burden of using the technology must be on the technology itself. (iii) Quick prototyping and development of new products and services. The technology must support the creation of new products and services based on speech in an efficient and timely fashion. In this paper I present a vision of the voice-processing industry with a focus on the areas with the broadest base of user penetration: speech recognition, text-to-speech synthesis, natural language processing, and speaker recognition technologies. The current and future applications of these technologies in the telecommunications industry will be examined in terms of their strengths, limitations, and the degree to which user needs have been or have yet to be met. Although noteworthy gains have been made in areas with potentially small user bases and in the more mature speech-coding technologies, these subjects are outside the scope of this paper. PMID:7479815

Wilpon, J G

1995-10-24

486

Voice-processing technologies--their application in telecommunications.  

PubMed Central

As the telecommunications industry evolves over the next decade to provide the products and services that people will desire, several key technologies will become commonplace. Two of these, automatic speech recognition and text-to-speech synthesis, will provide users with more freedom on when, where, and how they access information. While these technologies are currently in their infancy, their capabilities are rapidly increasing and their deployment in today's telephone network is expanding. The economic impact of just one application, the automation of operator services, is well over $100 million per year. Yet there still are many technical challenges that must be resolved before these technologies can be deployed ubiquitously in products and services throughout the worldwide telephone network. These challenges include: (i) High level of accuracy. The technology must be perceived by the user as highly accurate, robust, and reliable. (ii) Easy to use. Speech is only one of several possible input/output modalities for conveying information between a human and a machine, much like a computer terminal or Touch-Tone pad on a telephone. It is not the final product. Therefore, speech technologies must be hidden from the user. That is, the burden of using the technology must be on the technology itself. (iii) Quick prototyping and development of new products and services. The technology must support the creation of new products and services based on speech in an efficient and timely fashion. In this paper I present a vision of the voice-processing industry with a focus on the areas with the broadest base of user penetration: speech recognition, text-to-speech synthesis, natural language processing, and speaker recognition technologies. The current and future applications of these technologies in the telecommunications industry will be examined in terms of their strengths, limitations, and the degree to which user needs have been or have yet to be met. Although noteworthy gains have been made in areas with potentially small user bases and in the more mature speech-coding technologies, these subjects are outside the scope of this paper. Images Fig. 1

Wilpon, J G

1995-01-01

487

Information Technology and Community Restoration Studies/Task 1: Information Technology  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary The Interagency Biological Restoration Demonstration—a program jointly funded by the Department of Defense's Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) Science and Technology Directorate—is developing policies, methods, plans, and applied technologies to restore large urban areas, critical infrastructures, and Department of Defense installations following the intentional release of a biological agent (anthrax) by terrorists. There is a perception that there should be a common system that can share information both vertically and horizontally amongst participating organizations as well as support analyses. A key question is: "How far away from this are we?" As part of this program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted research to identify the current information technology tools that would be used by organizations in the greater Seattle urban area in such a scenario, to define criteria for use in evaluating information technology tools, and to identify current gaps. Researchers interviewed 28 individuals representing 25 agencies in civilian and military organizations to identify the tools they currently use to capture data needed to support operations and decision making. The organizations can be grouped into five broad categories: defense (Department of Defense), environmental/ecological (Environmental Protection Agency/Ecology), public health and medical services, emergency management, and critical infrastructure. The types of information that would be communicated in a biological terrorism incident include critical infrastructure and resource status, safety and protection information, laboratory test results, and general emergency information. The most commonly used tools are WebEOC (web-enabled crisis information management systems with real-time information sharing), mass notification software, resource tracking software, and NW WARN (web-based information to protect critical infrastructure systems). It appears that the current information management tools are used primarily for information gathering and sharing—not decision making. Respondents identified the following criteria for a future software system. It is easy to learn, updates information in real time, works with all agencies, is secure, uses a visualization or geographic information system feature, enables varying permission levels, flows information from one stage to another, works with other databases, feeds decision support tools, is compliant with appropriate standards, and is reasonably priced. Current tools have security issues, lack visual/mapping functions and critical infrastructure status, and do not integrate with other tools. It is clear that there is a need for an integrated, common operating system. The system would need to be accessible by all the organizations that would have a role in managing an anthrax incident to enable regional decision making. The most useful tool would feature a GIS visualization that would allow for a common operating picture that is updated in real time. To capitalize on information gained from the interviews, the following activities are recommended: • Rate emergency management decision tools against the criteria specified by the interviewees. • Identify and analyze other current activities focused on information sharing in the greater Seattle urban area. • Identify and analyze information sharing systems/tools used in other regions.

Upton, Jaki F.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Stein, Steven L.

2009-11-19

488

Distributive Distillation Enabled by Microchannel Process Technology  

SciTech Connect

The application of microchannel technology for distributive distillation was studied to achieve the Grand Challenge goals of 25% energy savings and 10% return on investment. In Task 1, a detailed study was conducted and two distillation systems were identified that would meet the Grand Challenge goals if the microchannel distillation technology was used. Material and heat balance calculations were performed to develop process flow sheet designs for the two distillation systems in Task 2. The process designs were focused on two methods of integrating the microchannel technology â?? 1) Integrating microchannel distillation to an existing conventional column, 2) Microchannel distillation for new plants. A design concept for a modular microchannel distillation unit was developed in Task 3. In Task 4, Ultrasonic Additive Machining (UAM) was evaluated as a manufacturing method for microchannel distillation units. However, it was found that a significant development work would be required to develop process parameters to use UAM for commercial distillation manufacturing. Two alternate manufacturing methods were explored. Both manufacturing approaches were experimentally tested to confirm their validity. The conceptual design of the microchannel distillation unit (Task 3) was combined with the manufacturing methods developed in Task 4 and flowsheet designs in Task 2 to estimate the cost of the microchannel distillation unit and this was compared to a conventional distillation column. The best results were for a methanol-water separation unit for the use in a biodiesel facility. For this application microchannel distillation was found to be more cost effective than conventional system and capable of meeting the DOE Grand Challenge performance requirements.

Arora, Ravi

2013-01-22

489

The Role of Change Agents in Technology Adoption Process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although the total or partial failure of Information Technology (IT) projects are well documented such failures are not entirely technical in nature (Donohue et al, 2001). Project failures are often caused by lack of attention to social factors. (2002) identified ethical issues whilst (1999) and (2002) point to human factors, which in essence are the norms and culture of the implementation environment. On the. influence of culture on project success, (2003) noted that, the cultural problems are much bigger than the technical ones, adding: "The biggest hurdle is making people realise that information needs to be shared. It is only with this ethos of sharing information that take-up of technologies will be hastened." Consequently, research and debate about IT implementation is likely to continue until the development process is under better control (Nolan 1999). This state of constant evaluation is crucial because aborted IT projects are still common place. According to (1998), 31% of all corporate technology development projects resulted in cancellation. Although in broad terms, there seems to be ample evidence of the influence of non-technical factors on project failure the dynamics of how this happens is not widely discussed. There are some pointers to the dynamics of the process in literature.

Gyampoh-Vidogah, Regina; Moreton, Robert

490

Process modeling across the web information infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based open source software development (OSSD) communities provide interesting and unique opportunities for software process modeling and simulation. Whereas most studies focus on analyzing processes in a single organization, we focus on modeling software development processes both within and across three distinct but related communities: Mozilla, a Web information artifact consumer; the Apache HTTP server that handles the transactions of

Chris Jensen; Walt Scacchi

2005-01-01

491

Mapping individual logical processes in information searching  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interactive dialog with a computerized information collection was recorded and plotted in the form of a flow chart. The process permits one to identify the logical processes employed in considerable detail and is therefore suggested as a tool for measuring individual thought processes in a variety of situations. A sample of an actual test case is given.

Smetana, F. O.

1974-01-01

492

Information Technology - Need of the Hour Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

money, but in terms of information.This studey examines the evolution of tech- nology which is responsible for wide spread penetration of computer technology in to the social fabric. Primarily the need of efficiency in complex organizations led to greater to greater demand for availability of accurate and timely information. Information technology respond to this challenge. Well known communication scientist Marshal

MANOJ DAYAL

493