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1

Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process  

E-print Network

, drives innovation, enhances the classroom experience and improves employees' work processes Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process June 2012 Marc Hoit, Ph.D. Vice Strategic Planning Process June 2012 Page 2 Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process

Liu, Paul

2

Environmental Engineering; Process Technology; Information Security  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV examines three important and growing technological fields: environmental engineering, process technology, and information security. The video can be viewed whole or in three segments: "Environmental Engineering," "Process Technology," and "Information Security." The running time for the full episode is 9:22.

2010-11-30

3

Information Processing. Education for Technology Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information processing curriculum was developed to provide business education instructors in Illinois with a useful guide for relating important new technological advances to the vocational classroom. The competency-based learning activity guides are written to be used with computer hardware and software available at the secondary and…

Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb. Dept. of Technology.

4

The Point; Materials, Devices and Processes for Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Point is an interactive website that lets students explore the materials and devices for information technology and common processes to store and transfer information. It emphasizes technologies that involve light. Some of the devices that are explained include optical fibers, compact disc, DVD, LEDs and lasers. Each section includes Flash manipulatives in which you learn by controlling variables on simple simulations. It also provides lesson plans and student worksheets.

Point, The

5

Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to collect data…

Persinger, Jon F.

2010-01-01

6

Information technology repositories and knowledge management processes : A qualitative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address the impact of information technology repositories (ITR) in the implementation of KM processes, i.e. knowledge storage and retrieval. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study design is used. Data are collected through the use of individual semi-structured interviews, observations and document analysis. Findings – This study found that three factors were likely

Massimo Franco; Stefania Mariano

2007-01-01

7

Spatial Information Processing: Standards-Based Open Source Visualization Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

. Spatial information intelligence is a global issue that will increasingly affect our ability to survive as a species. Collectively we must better appreciate the complex relationships that make life on Earth possible. Providing spatial information in its native context can accelerate our ability to process that information. To maximize this ability to process information, three basic elements are required: data delivery (server technology), data access (client technology), and data processing (information intelligence). NASA World Wind provides open source client and server technologies based on open standards. The possibilities for data processing and data sharing are enhanced by this inclusive infrastructure for geographic information. It is interesting that this open source and open standards approach, unfettered by proprietary constraints, simultaneously provides for entirely proprietary use of this same technology. 1. WHY WORLD WIND? NASA World Wind began as a single program with specific functionality, to deliver NASA content. But as the possibilities for virtual globe technology became more apparent, we found that while enabling a new class of information technology, we were also getting in the way. Researchers, developers and even users expressed their desire for World Wind functionality in ways that would service their specific needs. They want it in their web pages. They want to add their own features. They want to manage their own data. They told us that only with this kind of flexibility, could their objectives and the potential for this technology be truly realized. World Wind client technology is a set of development tools, a software development kit (SDK) that allows a software engineer to create applications requiring geographic visualization technology. 2. MODULAR COMPONENTRY Accelerated evolution of a technology requires that the essential elements of that technology be modular components such that each can advance independent of the other elements. World Wind therefore changed its mission from providing a single information browser to enabling a whole class of 3D geographic applications. Instead of creating a single program, World Wind is a suite of components that can be selectively used in any number of programs. World Wind technology can be a part of any application, or it can be a window in a web page. Or it can be extended with additional functionalities by application and web developers. World Wind makes it possible to include virtual globe visualization and server technology in support of any objective. The world community can continually benefit from advances made in the technology by NASA in concert with the world community. 3. OPEN SOURCE AND OPEN STANDARDS NASA World Wind is NASA Open Source software. This means that the source code is fully accessible for anyone to freely use, even in association with proprietary technology. Imagery and other data provided by the World Wind servers reside in the public domain, including the data server technology itself. This allows others to deliver their own geospatial data and to provide custom solutions based on users specific needs.

Hogan, P.

2009-12-01

8

IMPROVING THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF CHEMICAL PROCESSES THROUGH THE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

EPA Science Inventory

Efforts are currently underway at the USEPA to develop information technology applications to improve the environmental performance of the chemical process industry. These efforts include the use of genetic algorithms to optimize different process options for minimal environmenta...

9

Assessing Factors Affecting Implementation of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Measurements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capability of organizations to operate on the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework is reliant on ITIL process measurements. Appropriate ITIL process measurements help ensure desired outcomes, enable corrective actions to take place prior to process failure, and direct process activities towards continuous improvement.…

Peterson, Kristy

2010-01-01

10

Quality Of Data, Information And Knowledge In Technology Foresight Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Futures research means observation and understanding of today's operational environment as well as identification and positioning of future opportunities. Lots of technology foresight and assessment initiatives are being made, probably in virtually all countries of the world. Articles concerning foresight rarely include assessments of what kind of materials they are based on. If they do, descriptions are general by nature,

Helinä Melkas; Tuomo Uotila

2007-01-01

11

2007 IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology  

E-print Network

Casanova2 'Computer Vision and Image Processing Laboratory, Univ. of Louisville, Louisville, KY, 40292 2Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Univ. of Louisville, Louisville, KY, 40202 {contact

Farag, Aly A.

12

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

13

Aeronautical Satellite-Assisted Process for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT) Conducted  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Broadband satellite communications for aeronautics marries communication and network technologies to address NASA's goals in information technology base research and development, thereby serving the safety and capacity needs of the National Airspace System. This marriage of technology increases the interactivity between airborne vehicles and ground systems. It improves decision-making and efficiency, reduces operation costs, and improves the safety and capacity of the National Airspace System. To this end, a collaborative project called the Aeronautical Satellite Assisted Process for Information Exchange through Network Technologies, or Aero-SAPIENT, was conducted out of Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, during November and December 2000.

Zernic, Michael J.

2002-01-01

14

Process Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from ATETV, learn about the field of process technology and what it takes to work in the field from the perspectives of a student, a community college professor, and an industry specialist.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2010-07-11

15

Radical process innovation using information technology: The theory, the practice and the future of reengineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional attempts to improve business performance have focused on increasing the efficiency of current workflow systems and automating existing processes by applying information technology (IT). Recently, a more radical approach, business process redesign (BPR), or reengineering, has become popular. This article puts BPR into perspective, by considering its theoretical foundations and empirical evolution. Reengineering is classified as a radical approach

M. G. Martinsons

1995-01-01

16

Advanced information processing system for advanced launch system: Hardware technology survey and projections  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major goals of this effort are as follows: (1) to examine technology insertion options to optimize Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) performance in the Advanced Launch System (ALS) environment; (2) to examine the AIPS concepts to ensure that valuable new technologies are not excluded from the AIPS/ALS implementations; (3) to examine advanced microprocessors applicable to AIPS/ALS, (4) to examine radiation hardening technologies applicable to AIPS/ALS; (5) to reach conclusions on AIPS hardware building blocks implementation technologies; and (6) reach conclusions on appropriate architectural improvements. The hardware building blocks are the Fault-Tolerant Processor, the Input/Output Sequencers (IOS), and the Intercomputer Interface Sequencers (ICIS).

Cole, Richard

1991-01-01

17

Fundamental concepts of product/technology/process informational integration for process modelling and process planning  

E-print Network

(logistics, recycling, etc...). It remains, in a global vision of the enterprise, many prospective fields dramatically decreased mainly due to product versatility and diversity. The main reason is an increasing demand and processes (from the concepts to the physical industrial objects and environments). The base of knowledge

Boyer, Edmond

18

Information-Processing Architectures in Multidimensional Classification: A Validation Test of the Systems Factorial Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing methodology, known as the systems factorial technology (SFT), is being developed to diagnose the types of information-processing architectures (serial, parallel, or coactive) and stopping rules (exhaustive or self-terminating) that operate in tasks of multidimensional perception. Whereas most previous applications of SFT have been in…

Fific, Mario; Nosofsky, Robert M.; Townsend, James T.

2008-01-01

19

Quantum information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new quantum information technology (QIT) could emerge in the future, based on current research in the fields of quantum information processing and communication1–3 (QIPC). In contrast to conventional IT, where quantum mechanics plays a support role in improving the building blocks, fundamental quantum phenomena play a central role in QIPC — information is stored, processed, and communicated according to

Timothy P. Spiller

2003-01-01

20

Quantum Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the research laboratories of Hewlett Packard, Quantum Information Technology provides an informative look at current work in quantum information processing and communication (QIPC). The report, published in November 2002, recognizes the potential applications of QIPC and how it could revolutionize conventional information technology. It cites cryptography, quantum computers, and quantum teleportation as motivational factors for development of this technology, offering a basic introduction to each discipline. The paper concludes with an analysis of the direction current research is taking and what the future may hold. Several links to further sources of information are also included.

Spiller, Timothy.

2002-01-01

21

The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process

Muglia, Victor O.

2010-01-01

22

Integrating semantic web technologies and geospatial catalog services for geospatial information discovery and processing in cyberinfrastructure  

SciTech Connect

Abstract A geospatial catalogue service provides a network-based meta-information repository and interface for advertising and discovering shared geospatial data and services. Descriptive information (i.e., metadata) for geospatial data and services is structured and organized in catalogue services. The approaches currently available for searching and using that information are often inadequate. Semantic Web technologies show promise for better discovery methods by exploiting the underlying semantics. Such development needs special attention from the Cyberinfrastructure perspective, so that the traditional focus on discovery of and access to geospatial data can be expanded to support the increased demand for processing of geospatial information and discovery of knowledge. Semantic descriptions for geospatial data, services, and geoprocessing service chains are structured, organized, and registered through extending elements in the ebXML Registry Information Model (ebRIM) of a geospatial catalogue service, which follows the interface specifications of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Catalogue Services for the Web (CSW). The process models for geoprocessing service chains, as a type of geospatial knowledge, are captured, registered, and discoverable. Semantics-enhanced discovery for geospatial data, services/service chains, and process models is described. Semantic search middleware that can support virtual data product materialization is developed for the geospatial catalogue service. The creation of such a semantics-enhanced geospatial catalogue service is important in meeting the demands for geospatial information discovery and analysis in Cyberinfrastructure.

Yue, Peng [Wuhan University; Gong, Jianya [Wuhan University; Di, Liping [George Mason University; He, Lianlian [Hubei University; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL

2011-04-01

23

Transforming the Learning Process by the Use of Information and Communications Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the use of information and communications technology (ICT) within higher education, using primarily the experience of Henley Management College (United Kingdom). Discusses the potential of ICT, the role of technology in education, reengineering management education, technology and management learning, and teaching using technology. (DB)

Birchall, David

1999-01-01

24

Hybrid quantum information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will briefly explain the definition and advantage of hybrid quantum information processing, which is hybridization of qubit and continuous-variable technologies. The final goal would be realization of universal gate sets both for qubit and continuous-variable quantum information processing with the hybrid technologies. For that purpose, qubit teleportation with a continuousvariable teleporter is one of the most important ingredients.

Furusawa, Akira

2014-12-01

25

Adapting Semantic Natural Language Processing Technology to Address Information Overload in Influenza Epidemic Management  

PubMed Central

Explosion of disaster health information results in information overload among response professionals. The objective of this project was to determine the feasibility of applying semantic natural language processing (NLP) technology to addressing this overload. The project characterizes concepts and relationships commonly used in disaster health-related documents on influenza pandemics, as the basis for adapting an existing semantic summarizer to the domain. Methods include human review and semantic NLP analysis of a set of relevant documents. This is followed by a pilot-test in which two information specialists use the adapted application for a realistic information seeking task. According to the results, the ontology of influenza epidemics management can be described via a manageable number of semantic relationships that involve concepts from a limited number of semantic types. Test users demonstrate several ways to engage with the application to obtain useful information. This suggests that existing semantic NLP algorithms can be adapted to support information summarization and visualization in influenza epidemics and other disaster health areas. However, additional research is needed in the areas of terminology development (as many relevant relationships and terms are not part of existing standardized vocabularies), NLP, and user interface design. PMID:24311971

Keselman, Alla; Rosemblat, Graciela; Kilicoglu, Halil; Fiszman, Marcelo; Jin, Honglan; Shin, Dongwook; Rindflesch, Thomas C.

2013-01-01

26

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the use of nonbibliographic databases, also known as source files, as an information service supplied to library users and notes commercially produced databases, brokerage firms offering a variety of small databases, community resource files, differences between use of bibliographic and non-bibliographic databases including fees, and…

Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

1982-01-01

27

Improving NASA's technology transfer process through increased screening and evaluation in the information dissemination program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current status of NASA's technology transfer system can be improved if the technology transfer process is better understood. This understanding will only be gained if a detailed knowledge about factors generally influencing technology transfer is developed, and particularly those factors affecting technology transfer from government R and D agencies to industry. Secondary utilization of aerospace technology is made more difficult because it depends on a transfer process which crosses established organizational lines of authority and which is outside well understood patterns of technical applications. In the absence of a sound theory about technology transfer and because of the limited capability of government agencies to explore industry's needs, a team approach to screening and evaluation of NASA generated technologies is proposed which calls for NASA, and other organizations of the private and public sectors which influence the transfer of NASA generated technology, to participate in a screening and evaluation process to determine the commercial feasibility of a wide range of technical applications.

Laepple, H.

1979-01-01

28

Materials and Processes Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional resource guide is intended to assist the industrial arts (IA) teacher in implementing a comprehensive materials and Processes Technology program at the technical level in Virginia high schools. The course is designed to help students make informed educational and occupational choices and prepare them for advanced technical or…

Ritz, John M.; And Others

29

Processing technologies for extracting cobalt from domestic resources. Information Circular/1988  

SciTech Connect

A summary of the cobalt processing technologies for the major domestic resources is presented. The processing technologies for the Blackbird, Madison Mine, Duluth Gabbro, iron ore pyrite, laterites, and manganese sea nodules are nearly complete, but the economics are not favorable. Research on these resources should be limited to approaches that promise to cut the total processing costs by at least 50 pct. The most-promising sources of cobalt are the spent-copper leach solutions and siegenite from the Missouri lead ores. Research on cobalt processing from these two sources needs to be completed.

Jordan, C.E.

1988-01-01

30

&Technology Information about Instructional  

E-print Network

of Technology Discover the Benefits of Integrating Instructional Technology in Your Course Technology&Technology Teaching Information about Instructional Technology for Faculty and Staff at Texas A Course Now for the Fall Semester A Unique Training Event to Learn Technology- Enhanced Teaching

31

Aboriginal Information & Communication Technologies  

E-print Network

preparation, communication skills, business understanding, ability to work within various projects, and solidAboriginal Information & Communication Technologies Diploma Program 2010/2011 Division of Continuing Education #12;Division of Continuing Education Aboriginal Information & Communication Technologies

Martin, Jeff

32

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

33

Information Technology Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses accountability concerns in higher education regarding the value of information technology expenditures and applications and suggests the importance of institutional information technology plans. Topics include academic libraries and information technology plans; plan structures; writing a plan; and recommended sections to include in an…

Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

34

SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY  

E-print Network

Information technology security prod ucts are essential to better secure infor mation technology (IT) systems and use security products that will protect their infor mation and information systems, and to monitorApril 2004 SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY PRODUCTS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer

35

Aeronautical-Satellite-Assisted Process Being Developed for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communications technologies are being developed to address safety issues during aviation travel. Some of these technologies enable the aircraft to be in constant bidirectional communications with necessary systems, people, and other aircraft that are not currently in place today. Networking technologies, wireless datalinks, and advanced avionics techniques are areas of particular importance that the NASA Glenn Research Center has contributed. Glenn, in conjunction with the NASA Ames Research Center, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, and NASA Langley Research Center, is investigating methods and applications that would utilize these communications technologies. In mid-June 2000, the flight readiness of the network and communications technologies were demonstrated via a simulated aircraft. A van simulating an aircraft was equipped with advanced phased-array antennas (Advanced Communications/Air Traffic Management (AC/ATM) Advanced Air Transportation Technologies (AATT) project) that used commercial Ku-band satellite communications to connect Glenn, Dryden, and Ames in a combined system ground test. This test simulated air-ground bidirectional transport of real-time digital audio, text, and video data via a hybrid network configuration that demonstrated the flight readiness of the network and communications technologies. Specifically, a Controller Pilot Data Link Communications application was used with other applications to demonstrate a multiprotocol capability via Internet-protocol encapsulated ATN (Aeronautical Telecommunications Network) data packets. The significance of this combined ground test is its contribution to the Aero Information Technology Base Program Level I milestone (Software Technology investment area) of a real-time data link for the National Airspace System. The objective of this milestone was to address multiprotocol technology applicable for real-time data links between aircraft, a satellite, and the ground as well as the ability to distribute flight data with multilevel priorities among several sites.

Zernic, Michael J.

2001-01-01

36

COMPUTER SCIENCE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

COMPUTER SCIENCE and INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY POSTGRADUATE STUDIES 2006 School of Mathematics of Information Systems with Honours Master of Science (Computer Science) Professional Doctorate in Science (Computer Science) PhD (Computer Science) The postgraduate programs in Computer Science and Information

Dunstan, Neil

37

Information Processing – Administrative Data Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three semester, 60-credit course package in the topic of Administrative Data Processing (ADP), offered in 1966 at Stockholm\\u000a University (SU) and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) is described. The package had an information systems engineering\\u000a orientation. The first semester focused on datalogical topics, while the second semester focused on the infological topics.\\u000a The third semester aimed to deepen

Janis Bubenko

2009-01-01

38

Technology Advertising Contact Information  

E-print Network

space travel, nano-technology, medical breakthroughs and more! News Breaking technology news, fromOverview #12;Technology Advertising Contact Information Alex Sheath 8596 4063 asheath Overview Our online Technology section is geared towards an IT professional environment, reaching a range

Peters, Richard

39

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

40

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information ­ Part 2: XML Version NIST Special 500-275 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format

41

Process Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, learn about process technology and career opportunities in this field. Process refers to the steps that chemicals go through to become products, like gasoline or medicine. Process technology is used in just about every manufacturing industry, from pharmaceuticals to automobiles to cosmetics. A process technician keeps the machines that process chemicals running smoothly.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

42

Mapping healthcare information technology  

E-print Network

In this thesis I have developed a map of Healthcare Information Technology applications used in the United States for care delivery, healthcare enterprise management, clinical support, research and patient engagement. No ...

Crawford, William Charles Richards

2010-01-01

43

Information Technology Outlook 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Information Technology Outlook 1997_ is published by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It analyzes major IT (information technology) market trends, the impact of IT networks on the economy and government use of IT to deliver services. Other issues covered in the report include "Internet congestion, recent software developments (component software, data mining), and IT's effect on the packaged goods industry (supermarkets, department stores, specialty retail)."

1997-01-01

44

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

Loken, S.C. [ed.

1993-01-01

45

Improvement of workflow and processes to ease and enrich meaningful use of health information technology.  

PubMed

The introduction of health information technology (HIT) can have unexpected and unintended patient safety and/or quality consequences. This highly desirable but complex intervention requires workflow changes in order to be effective. Workflow is often cited by providers as the number one 'pain point'. Its redesign needs to be tailored to the organizational context, current workflow, HIT system being introduced, and the resources available. Primary care practices lack the required expertise and need external assistance. Unfortunately, the current methods of using esoteric charts or software are alien to health care workers and are, therefore, perceived to be barriers. Most importantly and ironically, these do not readily educate or enable staff to inculcate a common vision, ownership, and empowerment among all stakeholders. These attributes are necessary for creating highly reliable organizations. We present a tool that addresses US Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical (ACGME) competency requirements. Of the six competencies called for by the ACGME, the two that this tool particularly addresses are 'system-based practice' and 'practice-based learning and continuing improvement'. This toolkit is founded on a systems engineering approach. It includes a motivational and orientation presentation, 128 magnetic pictorial and write-erase icons of 40 designs, dry-erase magnetic board, and five visual aids for reducing cognitive and emotive biases in staff. Pilot tests were carried out in practices in Western New York and Colorado, USA. In addition, the toolkit was presented at the 2011 North American Primary Care Research Group (NAPCRG) meeting and an Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) meeting in 2013 to solicit responses from attendees. It was also presented to the officers of the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) for HIT. All qualitative feedback was extremely positive and enthusiastic. The respondents recommended that the toolkit be disseminated widely to improve staff education and training, leading to practice improvements. PMID:24235855

Singh, Ranjit; Singh, Ashok; Singh, Devan R; Singh, Gurdev

2013-01-01

46

Women in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a major concern about the drop of young women entering Computer Science degree programs and a drop in the participation of women in these information technology occupations. In all levels of educational institutions across the nation, girls and women remain under-represented in computer and information science studies and subsequently,…

Wentling, Rose Mary; Thomas, Steven P.

2004-01-01

47

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de  

E-print Network

Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de Supervisor: Andreas Butz, University of Munich, Germany, Andreas

48

Information technology's influence on productivity.  

E-print Network

?? Previous research has had mixed results correlating information technology investments to increases in productivity. This research surveyed the perceptions of information technology managers to… (more)

Smith, Jason

2008-01-01

49

Information Technology and Management Department of Information Technology and Management  

E-print Network

, and multimedia. 310 IIT Graduate Bulletin 2014-2016 #12;Information Technology and Management LaboratoriesInformation Technology and Management Department of Information Technology and Management Daniel F Chicago, IL 60616 appliedtech.iit.edu/information-technology-and- management Dean and Chair: C. Robert

Heller, Barbara

50

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

51

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

52

Information and communication technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the National Science Foundation (NSF) commissioned a panel of U.S. experts to study the international status of satellite communications systems and technology. The study covers emerging systems concepts, applications, services, and the attendant technologies. The panel members traveled to Europe, Japan, and Russia to gather information firsthand. They visited 17 sites in Europe, 20 in Japan, and 4 in Russia. These included major manufacturers, government organizations, service providers, and associated research and development facilities. The panel's report was reviewed by the sites visited, by the panel, and by representatives of U.S. industry. The report details the information collected and compares it to U.S. activities.

Edelson, Burton I.; Pelton, Joseph N.; Bostian, Charles W.; Brandon, William T.; Chan, Vincent W. S.; Hager, E. Paul; Helm, Neil R.; Jennings, Raymond D.; Kwan, Robert K.; Mahle, Christoph E.

1994-01-01

53

Information Technology and Academic Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enumerates the challenges of adopting information technology (IT)-based teaching and learning strategies in higher education. Concerns addressed include whether IT should supplant rather than augment traditional teaching methods, the financing of IT acquisition, change of teaching and learning processes to increase productivity per person, and…

Massy, William F.; Zemsky, Robert

1996-01-01

54

A Solution for Establishing the Information Technology Service Management Processes Implementation Sequence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper addresses the implementation sequence of Services Management processes defined in ITIL v2, from a topological perspective. Graphs Theory is used to represent the existing dependencies among the ITIL v2 processes, in order to find clusters of strongly connected processes. These clusters will help to determine the implementation priority of the service management processes. For it, OPreSSD (Organizational Procedure for Service Support and Service Delivery) is proposed in order to identify the processes implementation sequence related to the Service Support (SS) and Service Delivery (SD) areas.

Arcilla, Magdalena; Calvo-Manzano, Jose; Cuevas, Gonzalo; Gómez, Gerzon; Ruiz, Elena; San Feliu, Tomás

55

California: Library Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes six information technology projects in California libraries, including Internet access in public libraries; digital library developments at the University of California, Berkeley; the World Wide Web home page for the state library; Pacific Bell's role in statewide connectivity; state government initiatives; and services of the state…

Will, Barbara, Ed.

1996-01-01

56

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information ­ Part 1 NIST Special Publication 500-271 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange

57

Technological innovation processes revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is part of an inquiry into the causes of the small occurrence of innovations in the Brazilian society. It was based on a retrospective analysis of cases experienced by the author, as well as on the study of certain industries. The systemic model of the technological innovation process presented here, while revisiting the models in the literature, emphasizes

Antonio Cantisani

2006-01-01

58

Towards Online Delivery of Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning Techniques in Information Technology Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) is a technique used to teach in large lectures and tutorials. It invokes interaction, team building, learning and interest through highly structured group work. Currently, POGIL has only been implemented in traditional classroom settings where all participants are physically present. However,…

Trevathan, Jarrod; Myers, Trina

2013-01-01

59

Process Technology: Process Maintenance Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, youâ??ll meet Tyrone Walker, who keeps the enormous machines at a Tupperware factory running 24/7/365. Tyrone is a process maintenance engineer. This means he inspects all the parts of a machineâ??s electronics system looking for problems, from the tiniest components to the machine as a whole. Tyrone's community college degree in electronic engineering is key to doing this job, which he loves.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

60

Student Technology Use in the Information-Seeking and Information-Gathering Process: A Critical Incident Approach for Benchmarking Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an exploratory study of student behavior using online tools to do project-based work for a library science course at a mid-sized Midwestern public university. The population was 22 net generation students aged 18-24, who were enrolled in an Introduction to Information Resources course. The study was designed to better understand…

Cordes, Sean

2012-01-01

61

Hybrid quantum information processing  

E-print Network

The development of quantum information processing has traditionally followed two separate and not immediately connected lines of study. The main line has focused on the implementation of quantum bit (qubit) based protocols whereas the other line has been devoted to implementations based on high-dimensional Gaussian states (such as coherent and squeezed states). The separation has been driven by the experimental difficulty in interconnecting the standard technologies of the two lines. However, in recent years, there has been a significant experimental progress in refining and connecting the technologies of the two fields which has resulted in the development and experimental realization of numerous new hybrid protocols. In this Review, we summarize these recent efforts on hybridizing the two types of schemes based on discrete and continuous variables.

Ulrik L. Andersen; Jonas S. Neergaard-Nielsen; Peter van Loock; Akira Furusawa

2014-09-12

62

Information Technology and Healthcare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In July 2004, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) launched its initiative to develop a National Health Information Infrastructure. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to create an electronic health record (EHR) for every American so that health records can be securely shared among health care providers. This Topic in Depth explores developments in electronic health records and technology.This first website (1) is the official site for the National Health Information Infrastructure 2004: Cornerstones for Electronic Healthcare. Some current ideas for how to share medical records, such as secured online postings or saving data on flash disks are discussed in this article from PC World (2). This next article (3) discusses another development in information technology, implantable electronic identification chips. The fourth website (4) presents findings from a recent Medical Records Institute survey of health providers on their current uses, future hopes and perceived barriers to electronic health record systems. One challenge for the initiative is interoperability, which is explained generally on this website (5). The issue of interoperability, as well as privacy and fragmentation in the health industry are addressed in the Preliminary Roadmap for Achieving Electronic Connectivity in Healthcare released by Connecting for Health (6). For more on current research on technology supporting the use of electronic records see this website from The Electronic Record Development and Implementation Programme (ERDIP) (7).

63

Evaluating geographic information systems technology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Computerized geographic information systems (GISs) are emerging as the spatial data handling tools of choice for solving complex geographical problems. However, few guidelines exist for assisting potential users in identifying suitable hardware and software. A process to be followed in evaluating the merits of GIS technology is presented. Related standards and guidelines, software functions, hardware components, and benchmarking are discussed. By making users aware of all aspects of adopting GIS technology, they can decide if GIS is an appropriate tool for their application and, if so, which GIS should be used.

Guptill, Stephen C.

1989-01-01

64

Information Processing - Administrative Data Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A three semester, 60-credit course package in the topic of Administrative Data Processing (ADP), offered in 1966 at Stockholm University (SU) and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) is described. The package had an information systems engineering orientation. The first semester focused on datalogical topics, while the second semester focused on the infological topics. The third semester aimed to deepen the students’ knowledge in different parts of ADP and at writing a bachelor thesis. The concluding section of this paper discusses various aspects of the department’s first course effort. The course package led to a concretisation of our discipline and gave our discipline an identity. Our education seemed modern, “just in time”, and well adapted to practical needs. The course package formed the first concrete activity of a group of young teachers and researchers. In a forty-year perspective, these people have further developed the department and the topic to an internationally well-reputed body of knowledge and research. The department has produced more than thirty professors and more than one hundred doctoral degrees.

Bubenko, Janis

65

Vaccine process technology.  

PubMed

The evolution of vaccines (e.g., live attenuated, recombinant) and vaccine production methods (e.g., in ovo, cell culture) are intimately tied to each other. As vaccine technology has advanced, the methods to produce the vaccine have advanced and new vaccine opportunities have been created. These technologies will continue to evolve as we strive for safer and more immunogenic vaccines and as our understanding of biology improves. The evolution of vaccine process technology has occurred in parallel to the remarkable growth in the development of therapeutic proteins as products; therefore, recent vaccine innovations can leverage the progress made in the broader biotechnology industry. Numerous important legacy vaccines are still in use today despite their traditional manufacturing processes, with further development focusing on improving stability (e.g., novel excipients) and updating formulation (e.g., combination vaccines) and delivery methods (e.g., skin patches). Modern vaccine development is currently exploiting a wide array of novel technologies to create safer and more efficacious vaccines including: viral vectors produced in animal cells, virus-like particles produced in yeast or insect cells, polysaccharide conjugation to carrier proteins, DNA plasmids produced in E. coli, and therapeutic cancer vaccines created by in vitro activation of patient leukocytes. Purification advances (e.g., membrane adsorption, precipitation) are increasing efficiency, while innovative analytical methods (e.g., microsphere-based multiplex assays, RNA microarrays) are improving process understanding. Novel adjuvants such as monophosphoryl lipid A, which acts on antigen presenting cell toll-like receptors, are expanding the previously conservative list of widely accepted vaccine adjuvants. As in other areas of biotechnology, process characterization by sophisticated analysis is critical not only to improve yields, but also to determine the final product quality. From a regulatory perspective, Quality by Design (QbD) and Process Analytical Technology (PAT) are important initiatives that can be applied effectively to many types of vaccine processes. Universal demand for vaccines requires that a manufacturer plan to supply tens and sometimes hundreds of millions of doses per year at low cost. To enable broader use, there is intense interest in improving temperature stability to allow for excursions from a rigid cold chain supply, especially at the point of vaccination. Finally, there is progress in novel routes of delivery to move away from the traditional intramuscular injection by syringe approach. PMID:22407777

Josefsberg, Jessica O; Buckland, Barry

2012-06-01

66

Quantum Information Processing in Nanostructures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semiconductor quantum dots integrated with ultrafast spectroscopy technology are prime candidates for building scalable architectures for Quantum Information Processing. In this review paper we survey the current state of theoretical proposals concerning all-optical control of nanostructure qubits and their interactions. These schemes offer potential for ultrafast optical manipulation of quantum information in time scales within the coherence time.

Alexandra Olaya-Castro; Neil F. Johnson

2004-01-01

67

Why Information Sciences and Technology?  

E-print Network

Why Information Sciences and Technology? Technology has dramatically changed the way people of perspectives to study the relationship between information, technology, and people. The College of Information NSF Presidential/Young Investigators/CAREER recipients · 3 Fulbright Chairs In addition to the IST

68

Regaining Control Over Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living in postindustrial, 21st-century society means being surrounded by the accoutrements of information technology. Information technology is in people's offices, cars and homes. One third of adults do not deal well with information technology, according to the research of Larry Rosen, psychology professor, author, and pundit. Rosen is the Paul…

Goldsborough, Reid

2005-01-01

69

Information Technology and Web Science  

E-print Network

Rensselaer Graduate Studies Information Technology and Web Science Rensselaer nurtures a "low walls advanced study in the highly creative, interdisci- plinary field of Information Technology and Web Science to gain a breadth of IT knowledge: itws.rpi.edu #12;itws.rpi.edu Information Technology and Web Science

70

Containerless processing technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A partial description of the technology, hardware, and facilities developed by NASA in support of space-based containerless processing experiments in the early 1970s is presented, along with recent results. Supercooling was necessary, at a rate of 500 K over a 400 ft span, in early drop tower and molten sample experiments. Placing an electromagnetic levitation coil/chamber at the top of the tube avoided contamination of the sample by guide wires. Recent tests have been performed in attempts to produce metastable bulk A-15 Nb3Ge. The use of copper coils for levitation is suspected to have induced stirring motions in samples. Aerodynamic levitation, needed for nonconducting materials, has been employed to process glass beads at temperatures over 1000 K. An electromagnetic levitation device used to process a gram of BeO on a sounding rocket flight will be carried on a Shuttle flight, as will an acoustic suspension system.

Oran, W. A.

1983-01-01

71

Particle processing technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, there has been strong demand for the development of novel devices and equipment that support advanced industries including IT/semiconductors, the environment, energy and aerospace along with the achievement of higher efficiency and reduced environmental impact. Many studies have been conducted on the fabrication of innovative inorganic materials with novel individual properties and/or multifunctional properties including electrical, dielectric, thermal, optical, chemical and mechanical properties through the development of particle processing. The fundamental technologies that are key to realizing such materials are (i) the synthesis of nanoparticles with uniform composition and controlled crystallite size, (ii) the arrangement/assembly and controlled dispersion of nanoparticles with controlled particle size, (iii) the precise structural control at all levels from micrometer to nanometer order and (iv) the nanostructural design based on theoretical/experimental studies of the correlation between the local structure and the functions of interest. In particular, it is now understood that the application of an external stimulus, such as magnetic energy, electrical energy and/or stress, to a reaction field is effective in realizing advanced particle processing [1-3]. This special issue comprises 12 papers including three review papers. Among them, seven papers are concerned with phosphor particles, such as silicon, metals, Si3N4-related nitrides, rare-earth oxides, garnet oxides, rare-earth sulfur oxides and rare-earth hydroxides. In these papers, the effects of particle size, morphology, dispersion, surface states, dopant concentration and other factors on the optical properties of phosphor particles and their applications are discussed. These nanoparticles are classified as zero-dimensional materials. Carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphene are well-known one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) materials, respectively. This special issue also includes two papers on the fabrication of mechanically reliable nanocomposites by dispersing graphene into a ceramic matrix, and on supercapacitors with high energy densities in a Co(OH)2 system decorated with graphene and carbon nanotubes. As a novel preparation method of oxide films, the fabrication of alumina films with laminated structures by ac anodization is reviewed. Moreover a new type of nanosheet has been fabricated by the exfoliation of layered, ternary transition-metal carbide and nitride compounds, known as Mn + 1AXn phases (or MAX phases) where M is an early transition metal, such as Ti or Nb, A is an A group element, such as Si or Al, X is carbon and/or nitrogen and n = 1-3 [4]. Among the MAX phases, those containing Mo have been theoretically calculated by first-principles calculations to be a source for obtaining Mo2C nanosheets with potentially unique properties. As an example of improving bulk ceramic properties, texturing by using a high magnetic field [5] and sintering by the electric current activated/assisted sintering (ECAS) technology [6] have been demonstrated for ultra-high temperature ceramics with high-temperature strength. A project on the development of materials and particle processing for the field of environment and energy has been ongoing at the National Institute for Materials Science since April 2011. This project employs various core competence technologies for particle processing such as ion beam irradiation for nanoparticle fabrication [7], fullerene nanomaterial processing using liquid-liquid interface precipitation [8], a gas reduction nitridation process to obtain Si3N4-based phosphor materials [9], advanced phosphors via novel processing [10, 11], ultra-high pressure technology for processing and in situ analysis [12, 13], colloidal processing in a high magnetic field to obtain laminated, textured ceramics [1, 3, 5], the ECAS process for nanostructuring ceramics [6] and so forth. Here, I would like to introduce some research achievements that are not covered in this special issue. (1) The evolution of hydrogen by the react

Sakka, Yoshio

2014-02-01

72

Information, information processing and gravity  

E-print Network

I discuss fundamental limits placed on information and information processing by gravity. Such limits arise because both information and its processing require energy, while gravitational collapse (formation of a horizon or black hole) restricts the amount of energy allowed in a finite region. Specifically, I use a criterion for gravitational collapse called the hoop conjecture. Once the hoop conjecture is assumed a number of results can be obtained directly: the existence of a fundamental uncertainty in spatial distance of order the Planck length, bounds on information (entropy) in a finite region, and a bound on the rate of information processing in a finite region. In the final section I discuss some cosmological issues related to the total amount of information in the universe, and note that almost all detailed aspects of the late universe are determined by the randomness of quantum outcomes. This paper is based on a talk presented at a 2007 Bellairs Research Institute (McGill University) workshop on black holes and quantum information.

Stephen D. H. Hsu

2007-04-09

73

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

74

Introduction to Process Technology Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology presents this free sample module as an introduction to process technology. The interactive module includes 27 slides and provides an overview of process industries and the role of the process technician. Users will gain an understanding of a process technician's duties, responsibilities, expectations and working conditions.

2013-01-10

75

Information Technology and Clinical Systems  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Clinical Systems Organizational Changes April 18, 2012 1 #12;2 Shared Services PMO Finance Service Mgmt Service Desk IT QA Clinical Systems Information Technology · IT Engineering: Network, Server, Storage, Desktop · Telecommunications · IT Operations · Information Security

Derisi, Joseph

76

NASA Information Technology Implementation Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Information Technology (IT) resources and IT support continue to be a growing and integral part of all NASA missions. Furthermore, the growing IT support requirements are becoming more complex and diverse. The following are a few examples of the growing complexity and diversity of NASA's IT environment. NASA is conducting basic IT research in the Intelligent Synthesis Environment (ISE) and Intelligent Systems (IS) Initiatives. IT security, infrastructure protection, and privacy of data are requiring more and more management attention and an increasing share of the NASA IT budget. Outsourcing of IT support is becoming a key element of NASA's IT strategy as exemplified by Outsourcing Desktop Initiative for NASA (ODIN) and the outsourcing of NASA Integrated Services Network (NISN) support. Finally, technology refresh is helping to provide improved support at lower cost. Recently the NASA Automated Data Processing (ADP) Consolidation Center (NACC) upgraded its bipolar technology computer systems with Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology systems. This NACC upgrade substantially reduced the hardware maintenance and software licensing costs, significantly increased system speed and capacity, and reduced customer processing costs by 11 percent.

2000-01-01

77

Information technology security system engineering methodology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology is described for system engineering security into large information technology systems under development. The methodology is an integration of a risk management process and a generic system development life cycle process. The methodology is to be used by Security System Engineers to effectively engineer and integrate information technology security into a target system as it progresses through the development life cycle. The methodology can also be used to re-engineer security into a legacy system.

Childs, D.

2003-01-01

78

How Does Information Technology Affect Productivity? Plant-Level Comparisons of Product Innovation, Process Improvement, and Worker Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

To study the effects of new information technologies (IT) on productivity, we have assembled a unique data set on plants in one narrowly defined industry-valve manufacturing-and analyze several plant-level mechanisms through which IT could promote productivity growth. The empirical analysis reveals three main results. First, plants that adopt new IT-enhanced equipment also shift their business strategies by producing more customized

Ann Bartel; Casey Ichniowski; Kathryn Shaw

2007-01-01

79

Information technology equipment cooling system  

SciTech Connect

According to one embodiment, a system for removing heat from a rack of information technology equipment may include a sidecar indoor air to liquid heat exchanger that cools warm air generated by the rack of information technology equipment. The system may also include a liquid to liquid heat exchanger and an outdoor heat exchanger. The system may further include configurable pathways to connect and control fluid flow through the sidecar heat exchanger, the liquid to liquid heat exchanger, the rack of information technology equipment, and the outdoor heat exchanger based upon ambient temperature and/or ambient humidity to remove heat from the rack of information technology equipment.

Schultz, Mark D.

2014-06-10

80

Information Technology for Knowledge Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Knowledge has been lately recognized as one of the most important assets of organizations. Can information technology help the growth and the sustainment of organizational knowledge? The answer is yes, if care is taken to remember that IT here is just a part of the story (corporate culture and work practices being equally relevant) and that the information technologies

Uwe M. Borghoff; Remo Pareschi

1997-01-01

81

Signal Processing Information Base  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Signal Processing Information Base(SPIB) is a project sponsored by the Signal Processing Society and the National Science Foundation. SPIB is a repository of data, papers, software, newsgroups, bibliographies, and addresses of interest to the signal processing community, as well as links to other relevant repositories.

82

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 5: New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers and one abstract of a paper are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on new technology issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "The Use of Groupware in the Reengineering of Business Processes" (Richard M. Kesner), which discusses the role of new information

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

83

CICT Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CICT Program is part of the NASA Aerospace Technology Enterprise's fundamental technology thrust to develop tools. processes, and technologies that enable new aerospace system capabilities and missions. The CICT Program's four key objectives are: Provide seamless access to NASA resources- including ground-, air-, and space-based distributed information technology resources-so that NASA scientists and engineers can more easily control missions, make new scientific discoveries, and design the next-generation space vehicles, provide high-data delivery from these assets directly to users for missions, develop goal-oriented human-centered systems, and research, develop and evaluate revolutionary technology.

Laufenberg, Lawrence; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

84

Intelligence, Information Technology, and Information Warfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the use of information technology for intelligence and information warfare in the context of national security and reviews the status of clandestine collection. Discusses hacking, human agent collection, signal interception, covert action, counterintelligence and security, and communications between intelligence producers and consumers…

Davies, Philip H. J.

2002-01-01

85

Northwestern University Information Technology  

E-print Network

environment Classroom Laptop Mobile Device www.it.northwestern.edu NUITAcademic research productivity and enable breakthroughs not otherwise possible. Research Data Storage, called Vault desk for students, faculty, and staff for all technology- related issues including Laptop ER services

Shull, Kenneth R.

86

Information Technology Workforce  

NSF Publications Database

Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: This solicitation contains information that deviates from the standard Grant Proposal Guide (GPG) proposal preparation guidelines. More comprehensive information on NSF Award Conditions is contained in the NSF Grant Policy Manual (GPM) Chapter II, available electronically on the NSF Website at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?gpm. General descriptions of NSF programs, research areas, and eligibility information for proposal submission are provided in ...

87

How Information Technology Is  

E-print Network

of Technology All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic today. A pack of cigarettes cost 15 cents, a bottle of Coca- Cola 5 cents, and a dozen eggs 50 cents) to track changes in the prices of thousands of consumer goods, including eggs, stamps, and cigarettes

88

Information Technology Consolidation  

E-print Network

Projects, University Lab Animal Resources, Technology Transfer, etc.) Graduate Division IT 1 File service investments in IT Future investments will be guided by a campus-wide view of needs and priorities and made running smoothly and maintaining project progress while working on consolidation Approach: Change only

Brody, James P.

89

Beyond Computation: Information Technology, Organizational  

E-print Network

technologies, such as the telegraph, the steam engine and the electric motor, illustrate a pattern of information that can be digitized--numbers, text, video, music, speech, programs, and engineer- ing drawings

90

Managing agile information technology infrastructure  

E-print Network

Information technology (IT) can be a key contributor for the successful implementation of business strategies. However, companies normally find it hard to synchronize their evolving business strategies with the capabilities ...

Kalissery, Biju

2007-01-01

91

Managing benefits from information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite mounting evidence that information technology plays an increasingly fundamental role in formulating strategy, there is growing unease in management circles that IT investments are falling short of their promise.

David P. Norton

1995-01-01

92

Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials. The tutorials fall under the categories of electronics, fiber optics, general computing and programming, general telecommunications, java, math, matlab, networking and physics.

2012-12-17

93

Containerless processing technology analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research on acoustic levitation, air-jet levitation, and heat transfer from molten samples is reported. The goal was to obtain a better understanding and improving the quality of containerless processing systems. These systems are applied to the processing of materials in situations in which contact with a container must be avoided, and have potential application in both ground based and orbiting laboratories. Containerless processing is reviewed. The development of glasses from materials which normally crystallize upon cooling, are studied.

Rush, J. E.

1982-01-01

94

School of Information Studies Information Science & Technology (IST) Major  

E-print Network

School of Information Studies Information Science & Technology (IST in information science, information architecture, human factors in information seeking of the concepts and tools of information science, information architecture, and information

Saldin, Dilano

95

BACHELOR OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (BIT)  

E-print Network

BACHELOR OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (BIT) INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA AND DESIGN Portfolio requirements When you apply to the Interactive Multimedia and Design Program, you will be required to submit Technology (IMD) Carleton University 230 Azrieli Pavilion 1125 Colonel By Drive Ottawa ON K1S 5B6 Canada

Dawson, Jeff W.

96

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1995-01-01

97

Information technology and cancer prevention.  

PubMed

Information technology is rapidly advancing and making its way into many primary care settings. The technology may provide the means to increase the delivery of cancer preventive services. The aim of this systematic review is to examine the literature on information technology impacts on the delivery of cancer preventive services in primary care offices. Thirty studies met our selection criteria. Technology interventions studied to date have been limited to some type of reminder to either patients or providers. Patient reminders have been mailed before appointments, mailed unrelated to an appointment, mailed after a missed appointment, or given at the time of an appointment. Telephone call interventions have not used technology to automate the calls. Provider interventions have been primarily computer-generated reminders at the time of an appointment. However, there has been limited use of computer-generated audits, feedback, or report cards. The effectiveness of information technology on increasing cancer screening was modest at best. The full potential of information technology to unload the provider-patient face-to-face encounter has not been examined. There is critical need to study these new technologic approaches to understand the impact and acceptance by providers and patients. PMID:16449184

Jimbo, Masahito; Nease, Donald E; Ruffin, Mack T; Rana, Gurpreet K

2006-01-01

98

HOW TO ACCESS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION  

EPA Science Inventory

ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) is an on-line computer database and repository for information on remediation and treatment technologies. t contains several of EPA's technology databases, including the Treatment Technology Database, the RREL (Risk Redu...

99

Physics as Information Processing  

SciTech Connect

I review some recent advances in foundational research at Pavia QUIT group. The general idea is that there is only Quantum Theory without quantization rules, and the whole Physics - including space-time and relativity - is emergent from the quantum-information processing. And since Quantum Theory itself is axiomatized solely on informational principles, the whole Physics must be reformulated in information-theoretical terms: this is the It from bit of J. A. Wheeler.The review is divided into four parts: a) the informational axiomatization of Quantum Theory; b) how space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from quantum computation; c) what is the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and of ({h_bar}/2{pi}), and how the quantum field emerges; d) an observational consequence of the new quantum field theory: a mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I will conclude with the research lines that will follow in the immediate future.

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', 27100 Pavia (Italy) and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo IV, Sezione di Pavia (Italy)

2011-03-28

100

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

101

Immunology as Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes the behavior of the immune system from an informationprocessing perspective. It reviews a series of projects conducted at the University of New Mexico and the Santa Fe Institute, which have developed and explored the theme "immunology as information processing." The projects cover the spectrum from serious modeling of real immunological phenomena, such as crossreactive responses in animals

Stephanie Forrest; Steven A. Hofmeyr

2000-01-01

102

Processing Speechread Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three methods by which hearing adults process speechread information are discussed: selective adaptation, immediate memory, and repetition priming. Also discussed are mental representations of speech by hearing-impaired and hearing children, infants' responses to speechread stimuli compared to other stimuli, infants' speechreading of a foreign…

Dodd, Barbara; Burnham, Denis

1988-01-01

103

Information Loss from Technological Progress  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress in electronics and optics offers faster computers, and rapid communication via the internet that is matched by ever larger and evolving storage systems. Instinctively one assumes that this must be totally beneficial. However advances in software and storage media are progressing in ways which are frequently incompatible with earlier systems and the economics and commercial pressures rarely guarantee total compatibility with earlier systems. Instead, the industries actively choose to force the users to purchase new systems and software. Thus we are moving forward with new technological variants that may have access to only the most recent systems and we will have lost earlier alternatives. The reality is that increased processing speed and storage capacity are matched by an equally rapid decline in the access and survival lifetime of older information. This pattern is not limited to modern electronic systems but is evident throughout history from writing on stone and clay tablets to papyrus and paper. It is equally evident in image systems from painting, through film, to magnetic tapes and digital cameras. In sound recording we have variously progressed from wax discs to vinyl, magnetic tape and CD formats. In each case the need for better definition and greater capacity has forced the earlier systems into oblivion. Indeed proposed interactive music systems could similarly relegate music CDs to specialist collections. The article will track some of the examples and discuss the consequences as well as noting that this information loss is further compounded by developments in language and changes in cultural views of different societies.

Townsend, P. D.

2014-12-01

104

[Potential of Information and Communications Technology to Improve Intersectoral Processes of Care: A Case Study of the Specialised Outpatient Palliative Care.  

PubMed

Objective: The added value of information and communications technologies should be demonstrated precisely in such areas of care in which the importance of intersectoral and interdisciplinary cooperation is particularly high. In the context of the accompanying research of a supply concept for palliative care patients, the potential of a digital documentation process was comparatively analysed with the conventional paper-based workflow. Methods: Data were collected in the form of a multi-methodological approach and processed for the project in 3 stages: (1) Development and analysis of a palliative care process with the focus on all relevant steps of documentation. (2) Questionnaire design and the comparative mapping of specific process times. (3) Sampling, selection, and analysis of patient records and their derivable insights of process iterations. Results: With the use of ICT, the treatment time per patient is reduced by up to 53% and achieves a reduction in costs and workload by up to 901?min. The result of an up to 213% increase in the number of patient contacts allows a higher continuity of care. Although the 16% increase in documentation loyalty improves the usability of cross-team documented information, it partially extends the workload on the level of individual actors. By using a digital health record around 31% more patients could be treated with the same staffing ratio. Conclusions: The multi-stage analysis of the palliative care process showed that ICT has a decisive influence on the process dimension of intersectoral cooperation. Due to favourable organisational conditions the pioneering work of palliative care also provides important guidance for a successful use of ICT technologies in the context of innovative forms of care. PMID:25148421

Meyer-Delpho, C; Schubert, H-J

2014-08-22

105

National Security Technology Incubator Evaluation Process  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the process by which the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI) will be evaluated. The technology incubator is being developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. This report includes a brief description of the components, steps, and measures of the proposed evaluation process. The purpose of the NSPP is to promote national security technologies through business incubation, technology demonstration and validation, and workforce development. The NSTI will focus on serving businesses with national security technology applications by nurturing them through critical stages of early development. An effective evaluation process of the NSTI is an important step as it can provide qualitative and quantitative information on incubator performance over a given period. The vision of the NSTI is to be a successful incubator of technologies and private enterprise that assist the NNSA in meeting new challenges in national safety and security. The mission of the NSTI is to identify, incubate, and accelerate technologies with national security applications at various stages of development by providing hands-on mentoring and business assistance to small businesses and emerging or growing companies. To achieve success for both incubator businesses and the NSTI program, an evaluation process is essential to effectively measure results and implement corrective processes in the incubation design if needed. The evaluation process design will collect and analyze qualitative and quantitative data through performance evaluation system.

None

2007-12-31

106

Information Technology Letter from the Director  

E-print Network

of secure, usable, interoperable and reliable information systems that make American businesses more: cloud computing, complex systems, forensics, health information technology, National InitiativeInformation Technology Laboratory #12;Letter from the Director W elcometotheInformation

Perkins, Richard A.

107

Information Technology Security Assessment Framework  

E-print Network

(NIST) Computer Security Division #12;Overview Information and the systems that process it are among and maintain a program to adequately secure its information and system assets. Agency programs must: 1) assure recognize that the security needs for the tens of thousands of Federal information systems differ. Agencies

108

Process Engineering Technology Center Initiative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is developing as a world-class Spaceport Technology Center (STC). From a process engineering (PE) perspective, the facilities used for flight hardware processing at KSC are NASA's premier factories. The products of these factories are safe, successful shuttle and expendable vehicle launches carrying state-of-the-art payloads. PE is devoted to process design, process management, and process improvement, rather than product design. PE also emphasizes the relationships of workers with systems and processes. Thus, it is difficult to speak of having a laboratory for PE at KSC because the entire facility is practically a laboratory when observed from a macro level perspective. However, it becomes necessary, at times, to show and display how KSC has benefited from PE and how KSC has contributed to the development of PE; hence, it has been proposed that a Process Engineering Technology Center (PETC) be developed to offer a place with a centralized focus on PE projects, and a place where KSC's PE capabilities can be showcased, and a venue where new Process Engineering technologies can be investigated and tested. Graphics for showcasing PE capabilities have been designed, and two initial test beds for PE technology research have been identified. Specifically, one test bed will look into the use of wearable computers with head mounted displays to deliver work instructions; the other test bed will look into developing simulation models that can be assembled into one to create a hierarchical model.

Centeno, Martha A.

2001-01-01

109

Hybrid information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum algorithms and computational models primarily focus on processing quantum states via qubit manipulations and measurements. While this allows for hardware independent algorithm development, it does not necessarily reflect the full capabilities of even imperfect physical implementations - which typically have access to additional degrees of freedom not routinely considered in quantum algorithm development. In analogy with electrical mixed-signal (analog and digital) processing, here we investigate the prospects of incorporating the strengths of the native physical platform into the quantum information processor. Although the treatment here will be limited to optical systems the general approach should apply to other physical systems as well.

Jacobs, Bryan C.

2010-08-01

110

School Leadership and Information Communication Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration.…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Samah, Bahaman Abu; Fooi, Foo Say

2008-01-01

111

Information technology orientation for young hospital administrators.  

PubMed

Information technology has evolved over the years and taken its place in every sector, including health care. Every health care professional uses a computer almost every day. Information technology is expected to provide the staff with reliable information for decision making, reducing medical errors and processing time and improving communication. As the health care market grows increasingly competitive and complex, hospitals are relying more and more on information technology as a primary tool to help them compete. Every postgraduate should take a basic course on computers and IT applications. Many universities and colleges offer a masters program in health administration, and with enormous numbers of new post graduates, well grounded in IT, are offering their services to hospitals and allied health care divisions. Their experiences are reflected in the various job codes, which illustrate the need for planning, careful investment, and educational training to put information technology to work in today's sophisticated advanced health care setting. Information technology cannot reach its full potential without a properly trained staff working together as a team. PMID:23016198

Bakshi, Syed Murtuza Hussain

2012-01-01

112

Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS) is a Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) for the Mathematical Sciences in Canada. The organization's work focuses on "the imperatives of research, education and technology transfer" applied to "the fastest growing sectors of the nation's economy." Currently, its work involves developing mathematical solutions in the areas of Biomedical & Health, Environment & Natural Resources, Information Processing, Risk & Finance, and Communication, Networks & Security. The website describes each of these Scientific Programmes and provides a link to the project website, where the publications resulting from its work are posted. The website is also available in French.

113

76 FR 37344 - Technology Evaluation Process  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...EERE-2011-BT-NOA-0039] Technology Evaluation Process AGENCY: Office of...proposed commercial buildings technology evaluation process. The stakeholder...to a commercial buildings technology evaluation process. DOE is...

2011-06-27

114

Red Means Go Information Technology  

E-print Network

, integrated security & legislative compliance. #12;Red Means Go Identity and Access Management ·PurposeRed Means Go Office of Information Technology Future Directions for OIT Spring Retreat Civil customer expectations. · Reliable Systems & Security Design, implement and manage all services and systems

115

Information Technologies and Workplace Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technologies are important tools for individual, team, and organizational learning. Developments in virtual reality and the Internet, performance support systems that increase the efficiency of individuals and groups, and other innovations have the potential to enhance the relationship between work and learning. (SK)

Roth, Gene L.

1995-01-01

116

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The role of information ,technology in achieving ,a sustainable ,economy ,for the planet is discussed. The fundamental concern is considered to be ecosystem stress, with the specific, most immediate,threats being in seven ,areas: 1) global warming ,due principally to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emission, 2) problems associated with growing food, 3) water supply and effects ofdiversions, 4) fisheries depletion, 5)

James R. Sheats

1999-01-01

117

The Information Technology Model Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last twenty years has seen the development of demand for a new type of computing professional, which has resulted in the emergence of the academic discipline of Information Technology (IT). Numerous colleges and universities across the country and abroad have responded by developing programs without the advantage of an existing model for…

Ekstrom, Joseph J.; Gorka, Sandra; Kamali, Reza; Lawson, Eydie; Lunt, Barry; Miller, Jacob; Reichgelt, Han

2006-01-01

118

Information & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions  

E-print Network

Information & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403-220-5333 for Campus Security or dial 9-1-1 for Police, Fire or Ambulance Additional emergency instructions is found the area for Campus Security or emergency services to arrive Evacuation Procedures Activate the NEAREST

de Leon, Alex R.

119

Information technology for patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundResearch on patient care has identified substantial variations in the quality and safety of healthcare and the considerable risks of iatrogenic harm as significant issues. These failings contribute to the high rates of potentially avoidable morbidity and mortality and to the rising levels of healthcare expenditure seen in many health systems. There have been substantial developments in information technology in

Christopher Huckvale; Josip Car; Masanori Akiyama; Safurah Jaafar; Tawfik Khoja; Ammar Bin Khalid; Aziz Sheikh; Azeem Majeed

2010-01-01

120

Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) is a computer systems philosophy, a set of validated hardware building blocks, and a set of validated services as embodied in system software. The goal of AIPS is to provide the knowledgebase which will allow achievement of validated fault-tolerant distributed computer system architectures, suitable for a broad range of applications, having failure probability requirements of 10E-9 at 10 hours. A background and description is given followed by program accomplishments, the current focus, applications, technology transfer, FY92 accomplishments, and funding.

Pitts, Felix L.

1993-01-01

121

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology STATUS: Approved POLICY TITLE: Student to and including the loss of computer or network privileges, disciplinary action, suspension, termination for Academic Affairs Responsible Office: Information Technology Services Contact: Chief Information Officer 111

Gering, Jon C.

122

Process Engineering Technology Center Initiative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is developing as a world-class Spaceport Technology Center (STC). From a process engineering (PE) perspective, the facilities used for flight hardware processing at KSC are NASA's premier factories. The products of these factories are safe, successful shuttle and expendable vehicle launches carrying state-of-the-art payloads. PE is devoted to process design, process management, and process improvement, rather than product design. PE also emphasizes the relationships of workers with systems and processes. Thus, it is difficult to speak of having a laboratory for PE at K.S.C. because the entire facility is practically a laboratory when observed from a macro level perspective. However, it becomes necessary, at times, to show and display how K.S.C. has benefited from PE and how K.S.C. has contributed to the development of PE; hence, it has been proposed that a Process Engineering Technology Center (PETC) be developed to offer a place with a centralized focus on PE projects, and a place where K.S.C.'s PE capabilities can be showcased, and a venue where new Process Engineering technologies can be investigated and tested. Graphics for showcasing PE capabilities have been designed, and two initial test beds for PE technology research have been identified. Specifically, one test bed will look into the use of wearable computers with head mounted displays to deliver work instructions; the other test bed will look into developing simulation models that can be assembled into one to create a hierarchical model.

Centeno, Martha A.

2002-01-01

123

Distillation process using microchannel technology  

DOEpatents

The disclosed invention relates to a distillation process for separating two or more components having different volatilities from a liquid mixture containing the components. The process employs microchannel technology for effecting the distillation and is particularly suitable for conducting difficult separations, such as the separation of ethane from ethylene, wherein the individual components are characterized by having volatilities that are very close to one another.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Dublin, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Carbondale, IL); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Yuschak, Thomas (Dublin, OH); Hickey, Thomas P. (Dublin, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Smith, Amanda (Galloway, OH); Litt, Robert Dwayne (Westerville, OH); Neagle, Paul (Westerville, OH)

2009-11-03

124

Geospatial Technology\\/Traditional Ecological Knowledge-Derived Information Tools for the Enhancement of Coastal Restoration Decision Support Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated the feasibility and benefits of integrating geospatial technology with traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of an indigenous Louisiana coastal population in order to assess the impacts of current and historical ecosystem change to community viability. The primary goal was to provide resource managers with a comprehensive method of assessing localized ecological change in the Gulf Coast region that

Matthew Byron Bethel

2010-01-01

125

Information Technology: Computer Systems Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, learn what drove Choice JenningsâÂÂsomeone who had never owned a computer of his ownâÂÂto become interested in computer graphics, attend community college, earn an associate's degree in computer systems engineering (CSE), and start his own information technology (IT) business. Also see the many roles a CSE professional can play, from systems administrator to IT director.The video runs 2:45 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

126

Novel Technologies for Processing Apples  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The desire to develop methods to use machine vision to simultaneous inspect apples for quality issues and for contamination has resulted in the development of a number of new technologies for processing apples. First, a number of imaging techniques and detection methods were developed under laborato...

127

Nonthermal processing technologies for food  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Looking forward into the future of food science/technology/engineering, in the emerging area of nonthermal processing of foods, is definitely an adventure. It is open-ended and full of uncertainties. Lessons learned from the past should always serve as a good basis for envisioning the future of this...

128

Nuclear Technology: Making Informed Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a unit on nuclear technology which is taught in a physics class. Explains the unit design, implementation process, demonstrations used, and topics of discussion that include light and optics, naturally and artificially produced sources of radioactivity, nuclear equations, isotopes and half-lives, and power-generating nuclear reactors.…

Altshuler, Kenneth

1989-01-01

129

Optical information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The title of this work Optical Information Processing reflects the multi-facets of this thesis. In the first three chapters, I look at specific aspects of optical data storage. Enabled by new recording materials, a read-write holographic memory is explored. The memory combines a two-dimensional layered architecture and holography. Recording dynamics are analyzed and compared with conventional memories. A novel multiplexing method, based on the confinement of spherical waves in waveguides, allows the implementation of flat read-only memories with no moving parts. Novel polymer films at low temperatures show extremely selective frequency absorption which yields up to 105 independent frequency channels. This radically different multiplexing scheme is combined with Bragg multiplexing to increase the storage density. Femtosecond pulses can be stored and retrieved in these materials. For further processing, a pulse shaper and an all-optical logic capable of processing Terahertz pulse streams are experimentally demonstrated. The last two chapters look at three-dimensional surface measurements. A profilometer and a wavefront sensor based on the propagation of light in birefringent crystals are investigated. The performance of both sensors is theoretically modeled and experimentally verified. A third sensor is designed for an ophthalmic application.

Moser, Christophe

2001-11-01

130

Supply Chain and Information Sciences Technology 2010  

E-print Network

Supply Chain and Information Sciences Technology 2010 Supply Chain and Information Systems of Information Sciences and Technology Overview The minor in SCIST is structured to provide students not majoring in the College of Information Sciences and Technology. 3. Upon acceptance to the minor, a student is officially

Guiltinan, Mark

131

[Information technologies in industrial medicine].  

PubMed

The authors describe information technologies for solving problems that are faced by industrial medicine, through modem mathematical methods. These problems include early diagnosis of diseases associated with work conditions, prenosology assessment of workers' health, evaluation of psycho-physiologic adaptation of workers during periodic medical examinations and others. The discussion also covers advantages and limitations of linear (factorial, dicriminant, canonical discriminant, cluster analysis) and nonlinear (artificial neural networks) mathematical methods if used in occupational medicine. PMID:24340775

Bobrov, A V

2013-01-01

132

Managing information technology security risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information Technology (IT) Security Risk Management is a critical task for the organization to protect against the loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability of IT resources. As systems bgecome more complex and diverse and and attacks from intrusions and malicious content increase, it is becoming increasingly difficult to manage IT security risk. This paper describes a two-pronged approach in addressing IT security risk and risk management in the organization: 1) an institutional enterprise appraoch, and 2) a project life cycle approach.

Gilliam, David

2003-01-01

133

Technology development life cycle processes.  

SciTech Connect

This report and set of appendices are a collection of memoranda originally drafted in 2009 for the purpose of providing motivation and the necessary background material to support the definition and integration of engineering and management processes related to technology development. At the time there was interest and support to move from Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) Level One (ad hoc processes) to Level Three. As presented herein, the material begins with a survey of open literature perspectives on technology development life cycles, including published data on %E2%80%9Cwhat went wrong.%E2%80%9D The main thrust of the material presents a rational expose%CC%81 of a structured technology development life cycle that uses the scientific method as a framework, with further rigor added from adapting relevant portions of the systems engineering process. The material concludes with a discussion on the use of multiple measures to assess technology maturity, including consideration of the viewpoint of potential users.

Beck, David Franklin

2013-05-01

134

FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARD  

E-print Network

CATEGORIZATION OF FEDERAL INFORMATION AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division, Standards for Security Cate gorization of Federal Information and Information Systems, is an important the security of federal information systems. The secu rity standard will also make it possible for federal

135

Micro/Nano Processing Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course introduces the theory and technology of micro/nano fabrication. Lectures and laboratory sessions focus on basic processing techniques such as diffusion, oxidation, photolithography, chemical vapor deposition, and more. Through team lab assignments, students are expected to gain an understanding of these processing techniques, and how they are applied in concert to device fabrication. Students enrolled in this course have a unique opportunity to fashion and test micro/nano-devices, using modern techniques and technology.This course features detailed lecture slides in the lecture notes section, along with other lab materials used by students in the course in the labs section. In addition, problem sets with solutions are also provided in the assignments section.

Ruff, Susan

136

Ethics in Information Technology, Second Edition  

E-print Network

is competitive intelligence gathered? #12;Ethics in Information Technology, Second Edition 4 Objectives? · What is the essential difference between competitive intelligence and industrial espionage, and howEthics in Information Technology, Second Edition Chapter 6 Intellectual Property #12;Ethics

Gao, Jie

137

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology STATUS: Approved POLICY TITLE: POLICY STATEMENT: All computer hardware is required to be reviewed by Information Technology Services or network privileges, disciplinary action, suspension, termination of employment, dismissal from

Gering, Jon C.

138

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology STATUS: Approved POLICY TITLE to sanctions, up to and including the loss of computer or network privileges, disciplinary action, suspension President for Academic Affairs Responsible Office: Information Technology Services #12;Contact: Chief

Gering, Jon C.

139

Information & Instructional Technology Services Director IITS  

E-print Network

Holtz Multimedia and Classroom Technology Coordinator Blake Markle Systems Administrator Desktop Multimedia and Classroom Technology Specialist Steve Biordi Systems Administrator Apple Macintosh MaherInformation & Instructional Technology Services Director IITS Zoran Piljevic Business Officer

Boonstra, Rudy

140

Information & Instructional Technology Services Director IITS  

E-print Network

Holtz Multimedia and Classroom Technology Coordinator Blake Markle Systems Administrator Desktop Casual Multimedia and Classroom Technology Specialist Steve Biordi Systems Administrator Apple MacintoshInformation & Instructional Technology Services Director IITS Zoran Piljevic Business Officer

Boonstra, Rudy

141

Information Society Technologies Advisory Group Working Group  

E-print Network

. Technology Foresight Resources 6. Conclusions Working Group Members Chairman: Wolfgang Wahlster Rapporteur1 Information Society Technologies Advisory Group Working Group "Grand Challenges in the Evolution for research and technological development, the European Commission asked the IST Working Group on Grand

Wahlster, Wolfgang - Deutsche Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz & FR 6.2

142

Integrating Information & Communications Technologies into the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Integrating Information & Communications Technologies Into the Classroom" examines topics critical to business, computer science, and information technology education, such as: school improvement and reform, standards-based technology education programs, data-driven decision making, and strategic technology education planning. This book also…

Tomei, Lawrence, Ed.

2007-01-01

143

Information Technology (IT) Across Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The IT Across Careers (ITAC) team is part of the Workforce and Human Development group within the Learning and Teaching Division of the Education Development Center (EDC). ITAC develops and designs standards-based programs and curricula with technology at the core in partnerships with communities, public and private organizations, and the education sector. Their mission is to support information and communication technology (ICT) fluency for all learners and nurture the interests and talents of all users and producers of ICT. The National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the IT Across Careers Project at Education Development Center, Inc. to develop a common curricular framework and resources for teaching the basic (core) IT applications across all program or career areas. The ITAC project has developed a library of resources that provide a common, skills-based structure.

144

January 2012 Director of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Satisfaction Survey Report #12;CNRE Information Technology Customer Satisfaction Survey Report January 2012 1 Satisfaction Survey Report January 2012 2 Figure 1 #12;CNRE Information Technology Customer Satisfaction Survey Information Technology Customer Satisfaction Survey Report January 2012 4 Results A total of 86 responses

Virginia Tech

145

UNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR  

E-print Network

computer management system. Refer to the Office of Information Technology's Policies and Procedures webUNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR: RESPONSIBLE OFFICE(S): ORIGINALLY IsSUED: APPROVALS: VICE PROVOST FOR'INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY -.·..-; - OFFICE OF THE VICE PR

Hemmers, Oliver

146

Information Technology for Synthetic Biology Masami Hagiya  

E-print Network

intelligence and artificial intelligence will likely contribute to the creation of new life through currentInformation Technology for Synthetic Biology Masami Hagiya Graduates School of Information Science and Technology University of Tokyo This short tutorial summarizes the type of information technology

Hagiya, Masami

147

Innovating road manhole technology with Systematic Technology Innovation Process (STIP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technology innovation is recognized as a main driver for the advancement of construction industry. Due to the lack of systematic innovation method, the advancement of construction technologies was slow compared with the other industries, e.g., ICT and Biotech Engineering. This paper proposed a Systematic Technology Innovation Process (STIP) for innovation of construction technologies to speed up the technology innovation

Wen-der Yu; Chih-ming Wu; Wen-chin Chen

148

Optimizing the technological and informational relationship of the health care process and of the communication between physician and patient– Factors that have an impact on the process of diagnosis from the physician's and the patient's perspectives  

PubMed Central

Objective: the optimization of a diagnosis process and fluency in the Health Care sector in Romania. A key to discover this complex process was to determine a correlation between the physicians and the use of information technology, on one side and the patients' perspective on the other. Hypothesis: Integrating information technology in a physician's activity will lead to lower costs and less time spent while diagnosing patients. Using the electronic medical records and introducing a unified database with the patients' medical histories will make the process of diagnosis easier. Methods: We studied the diagnosis from the point of view of 304 patients in a public hospital and 320 physicians working there. Results: We believed that time and accessibility to different physicians makes the diagnosis process a burden for a patient and implicitly lead to dissatisfaction with health care services. We supposed that the burden of diagnosis for physicians comes from the lack of Internet connection and computer usage knowledge. We have found out that most physicians know how to use the computer at an intermediate level and have access to Internet, online journals and databases and do not use emails to a higher extent to communicate to other specialists, but do not rely entirely on the electronic medical records. Most physicians think that it is not technology, which stands in the way of proper and fast diagnosis but the financing and the paper work from the Romanian health system. Solutions that might be taken into account to entirely motivate physicians to use electronic medical records are: Adjustments can be made to the computer software interface in order to make the design more consistent (to eliminate the paper forms) and user friendly.Physicians can be provided with more training and knowledge. PMID:21776307

Purcarea, VL; Petrescu, DG; Gheorghe, IR; Petrescu, CM

2011-01-01

149

Critical Factors in Information Technology Planning for the Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information-technology planning at higher-education institutions should be derived from academic planning at the institutional, school, and department levels, and must respond to associated issues of leadership, sustainable funding, productivity, and faculty motivation. The academic information-technology-planning process at the University of…

Kobulnicky, Paul J.

1999-01-01

150

Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

Newman, Peter

2010-01-01

151

Information technologies for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography  

E-print Network

Review Information technologies for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography Stephen E December 2003 Available online 8 March 2004 Abstract Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC Ã?-dimensional gas chromatography; GCÃ?GC; Information technology; Image processing; Visualization; Computer

Reichenbach, Stephen E.

152

Information Technology and ChE Education: Evolution or Revolution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents examples of how universities will undergo technological change during the next 10-20 years and how that will affect faculty and student processes. New students will expect the ubiquitous availability of information technology in higher education. To maintain their core values, universities must adapt to the explosion in technological

Edgar, Thomas F.

2000-01-01

153

Center for Information & Communications Technology ResearchCenter for Information & Communications Technology Research (CICTR)(CICTR)  

E-print Network

Electronic Exchanges & Optical Systems & RF TechnologyComputers Wireless Multimedia Communications #12;NextCenter for Information & Communications Technology ResearchCenter for Information & Communications Technology Research (CICTR)(CICTR) Dept. of Electrical EngineeringDept. of Electrical Engineering

Yener, Aylin

154

Detecting Adverse Events Using Information Technology  

PubMed Central

Context: Although patient safety is a major problem, most health care organizations rely on spontaneous reporting, which detects only a small minority of adverse events. As a result, problems with safety have remained hidden. Chart review can detect adverse events in research settings, but it is too expensive for routine use. Information technology techniques can detect some adverse events in a timely and cost-effective way, in some cases early enough to prevent patient harm. Objective: To review methodologies of detecting adverse events using information technology, reports of studies that used these techniques to detect adverse events, and study results for specific types of adverse events. Design: Structured review. Methodology: English-language studies that reported using information technology to detect adverse events were identified using standard techniques. Only studies that contained original data were included. Main Outcome Measures: Adverse events, with specific focus on nosocomial infections, adverse drug events, and injurious falls. Results: Tools such as event monitoring and natural language processing can inexpensively detect certain types of adverse events in clinical databases. These approaches already work well for some types of adverse events, including adverse drug events and nosocomial infections, and are in routine use in a few hospitals. In addition, it appears likely that these techniques will be adaptable in ways that allow detection of a broad array of adverse events, especially as more medical information becomes computerized. Conclusion: Computerized detection of adverse events will soon be practical on a widespread basis. PMID:12595401

Bates, David W.; Evans, R. Scott; Murff, Harvey; Stetson, Peter D.; Pizziferri, Lisa; Hripcsak, George

2003-01-01

155

Graduate Information Science andTechnology  

E-print Network

Graduate Information Science andTechnology Program #12;Why Information Science? The opportunities for information science graduates are seemingly limitless.The amount of available information Triples each year. information science is an interdisciplinary science that looks at the relationship among people, information

Jiang, Huiqiang

156

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2014-07-01

157

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management...

2011-10-01

158

Pinch technology/process optimization  

SciTech Connect

Improved process efficiency is of great importance to electric utilities and their industrial customers. It enhances company profitability, thereby fostering load retention and strategic load growth. Moreover, the technical means of achieving improved efficiency can significantly impact utility load shapes. By understanding the energy use patterns and options in an industrial facility, the utility and industrial user can work together to define mutually beneficial investment and operating decisions and to clarify how the decisions might be impacted by existing or alternative energy prices. Efforts to achieve such understanding are facilitated by using pinch technology, an innovative and highly effective methodology for systematically analyzing total industrial sites. This report documents a series of twelve industrial process optimization case studies. The studies were carried out using pinch technology. '' Each study was cosponsored by the industrial site's local electric utility. The twelve studies are follows: (1) pulp and paper, (2) refinery, (3) refinery, (4) yeast, (5) soups/sauces, (6) cellulose- acetate, (7) refinery, (8) chemicals, (9) gelatin-capsules, (10) refinery, (11) brewery, (12) cereal grains.

Not Available

1992-12-01

159

Advanced Process Technology: Combi Materials Science and Atmospheric Processing (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts -- High-Throughput Combi Material Science and Atmospheric Processing that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01

160

Essays on information, technology and information worker productivity  

E-print Network

I examine how information technology (IT) skills and use, communication network structures, and the distribution and flow of information in organizations impact individual information worker productivity. The work is divided ...

Aral, Sinan

2007-01-01

161

ICT Information Communication Technology CollegeofCommunicationandInformation  

E-print Network

ICT Information Communication Technology CollegeofCommunicationandInformation KEY: # = new course * = course changed =coursedropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 #ICT 200. (Same as IS 200.) #ICT 201 GENERAL INFORMATION SOURCES. (3

MacAdam, Keith

162

Kevin L. Mills Information Technology Laboratory  

E-print Network

;1/21/99 Information Technology Laboratory 6 Rapid Evolution of Software Tests (REST) SCHEDULE YEAR 1 - BUILD PROOF Technology Laboratory 7 Rapid Evolution of Software Tests (REST) RESOURCES YEAR 1 - BUILD PROOFKevin L. Mills Information Technology Laboratory Rapid Evolution of Software Tests #12

163

Readiness levels for spacecraft information technologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented in this paper is a modified interpretation of the traditional TRLs aimed solely at information technology. The intent of this new set of definitions is twofold: First, to enable a definitive measurement of progress among developing information technologies for spacecraft; and second, to clarify particular challenges and requirements that must be met as these technologies are validated in increasingly realistic environments.

Mackey, R.; Some, R.; Aljabri, A.

2003-01-01

164

Evaluation and Assessment in Educational Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the following articles on evaluating and assessing educational information technology: (1) "Assessing Learning in the New Age of Information Technology in Education" (Leping Liu, D. LaMont Johnson, Cleborne D. Maddux, and Norma J. Henderson); (2) "Instruments for Assessing the Impact of Technology in Education" (Rhonda…

Liu, Leping, Ed.; Johnson, D. LaMont, Ed.; Maddux, Cleborne D., Ed.; Henderson, Norma J., Ed.

165

Evaluation Criteria for Solid Waste Processing Research and Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary list of criteria is proposed for evaluation of solid waste processing technologies for research and technology development (R&TD) in the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. Completion of the proposed list by current and prospective ALS technology developers, with regard to specific missions of interest, may enable identification of appropriate technologies (or lack thereof) and guide future development efforts for the ALS Program solid waste processing area. An attempt is made to include criteria that capture information about the technology of interest as well as its system-wide impacts. Some of the criteria in the list are mission-independent, while the majority are mission-specific. In order for technology developers to respond to mission-specific criteria, critical information must be available on the quantity, composition and state of the waste stream, the wast processing requirements, as well as top-level mission scenario information (e.g. safety, resource recovery, planetary protection issues, and ESM equivalencies). The technology readiness level (TRL) determines the degree to which a technology developer is able to accurately report on the list of criteria. Thus, a criteria-specific minimum TRL for mandatory reporting has been identified for each criterion in the list. Although this list has been developed to define criteria that are needed to direct funding of solid waste processing technologies, this list processes significant overlap in criteria required for technology selection for inclusion in specific tests or missions. Additionally, this approach to technology evaluation may be adapted to other ALS subsystems.

Levri, Julie A.; Hogan, J. A.; Alazraki, M. P.

2001-01-01

166

Robonaut's Flexible Information Technology Infrastructure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Robonaut, NASA's humanoid robot, is designed to work as both an astronaut assistant and, in certain situations, an astronaut surrogate. This highly dexterous robot performs complex tasks under telepresence control that could previously only be carried out directly by humans. Currently with 47 degrees of freedom (DOF), Robonaut is a state-of-the-art human size telemanipulator system. while many of Robonaut's embedded components have been custom designed to meet packaging or environmental requirements, the primary computing systems used in Robonaut are currently commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) products which have some correlation to flight qualified computer systems. This loose coupling of information technology (IT) resources allows Robonaut to exploit cost effective solutions while floating the technology base to take advantage of the rapid pace of IT advances. These IT systems utilize a software development environment, which is both compatible with COTS hardware as well as flight proven computing systems, preserving the majority of software development for a flight system. The ability to use highly integrated and flexible COTS software development tools improves productivity while minimizing redesign for a space flight system. Further, the flexibility of Robonaut's software and communication architecture has allowed it to become a widely used distributed development testbed for integrating new capabilities and furthering experimental research.

Askew, Scott; Bluethmann, William; Alder, Ken; Ambrose, Robert

2003-01-01

167

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2010-10-01

168

Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cells (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cell that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01

169

TECHNOLOGICAL OVERVIEW REPORTS FOR EIGHT SHALE OIL RECOVERY PROCESSES  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the document is to supply background information for evaluation of environmental impacts and pollution control technologies in connection with oil shale development. Six surface retorting processes selected for characterization were: (1) Union Oil Retort B, (2) Par...

170

Information Technology Laboratory LETTER FROM THE DIRECTOR  

E-print Network

Information Technology Laboratory #12;LETTER FROM THE DIRECTOR W elcome to the Informa- tion and Tech- nology, ITL accelerates the development and deployment of information and communica- tion systems infra- structure for emerging information technologies and applications. We accomplish these goals

Magee, Joseph W.

171

Information Technology Letter from the Director  

E-print Network

, and metrics to make our information systems more secure, usable, interoperable, and reliable. As a world, information technology for improved health care, and electronic voting. We invite you to learn more about howInformation Technology Laboratory #12;Letter from the Director I n November 2011, I became

172

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY SERVICES: HOW TO  

E-print Network

the security of their information tech nology (IT) systems. Whether they get this assistance from internal decisions are made and that system security is strengthened. Guide to Information Technology SecurityJune 2004 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY SERVICES: HOW TO SELECT, IMPLEMENT, AND MANAGE Shirley

173

Information & Records Management Process Manual  

E-print Network

Information & Records Management Process Manual 2013Information and Records Management #12;Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Transfer or disposal of hard-copy records 4 3. Management of electronic records. There are many aspects to information management covering the basics from paper management, to digital records

Hickman, Mark

174

Information Technologies for the 1980's: Lasers and Microprocessors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of the development and application of lasers and microprocessors to information processing stresses laser communication in relation to capacity, reliability, and cost and the advantages of this technology to real-time information access and information storage. The increased capabilities of microprocessors are reviewed, and a…

Mathews, William D.

175

EUROPEAN COMMISSION ICT -INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES  

E-print Network

EUROPEAN COMMISSION ICT - INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES A thematic priority and Communication Technologies ......................................................... 4 1 Objective sustainable and personalised healthcare ....................... 34 3.6 Challenge 6: ICT for Mobility

Meju, Max

176

Roadmap: Business Management Technology Information Technology -Associate of Applied Business  

E-print Network

BMRT 21050 Fundamentals of Marketing Technology 3 BMRT 21000 Business Law and Ethics I 3 Kent CoreRoadmap: Business Management Technology ­ Information Technology - Associate of Applied Business: [14 Credit Hours] ACTT 11000 Accounting I-Financial 4 BMRT 11000 Introduction to Business 3 COMT

Sheridan, Scott

177

Information processing for aerospace structural health monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structural health monitoring (SHM) technology provides a means to significantly reduce life cycle of aerospace vehicles by eliminating unnecessary inspections, minimizing inspection complexity, and providing accurate diagnostics and prognostics to support vehicle life extension. In order to accomplish this, a comprehensive SHM system will need to acquire data from a wide variety of diverse sensors including strain gages, accelerometers, acoustic emission sensors, crack growth gages, corrosion sensors, and piezoelectric transducers. Significant amounts of computer processing will then be required to convert this raw sensor data into meaningful information which indicates both the diagnostics of the current structural integrity as well as the prognostics necessary for planning and managing the future health of the structure in a cost effective manner. This paper provides a description of the key types of information processing technologies required in an effective SHM system. These include artificial intelligence techniques such as neural networks, expert systems, and fuzzy logic for nonlinear modeling, pattern recognition, and complex decision making; signal processing techniques such as Fourier and wavelet transforms for spectral analysis and feature extraction; statistical algorithms for optimal detection, estimation, prediction, and fusion; and a wide variety of other algorithms for data analysis and visualization. The intent of this paper is to provide an overview of the role of information processing for SHM, discuss various technologies which can contribute to accomplishing this role, and present some example applications of information processing for SHM implemented at the Boeing Company.

Lichtenwalner, Peter F.; White, Edward V.; Baumann, Erwin W.

1998-06-01

178

Information, optoelectronics, and information technologies (historic, philosophical, and logical aspects)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a civilization of the post-industrial society which is defined as 'informational civilization,' the heightened interest to new technological expedients of any interaction with the information is characteristic. Now concept 'information' is defined as an independent category. The organization, storage, transmission and displaying of information, in essence, is one of the ways of its self- organization for a civilization of such type. Therefore branches bound with generating and support of information highways, are in the center of attention those who tries to capture strategic favorable positions in world community. The reasons of the geopolitical and economic strategy in this case are direct, 'easy-to-see' mechanisms of creation of the structures in investigation activity and industry, 'Easy-to- see,' analyzable, even predictable -- but not defining. The modern science knows the physical laws of composite system's self-organization, and, as clear now, the unclosed nonequilibrium system, which one is a World Net, is subject to the laws of such system's self-organization. Nowadays the fractal nature of all Webs' infrastructures as super complex self-organizing transport-information system is established. Besides, in a row of its performances we observe an openness, coherence, nonlinearly, that together with other aspects allows to identify it as physical fractal structure living on the laws of self-organization. The interest to this phenomenon is quite clear. We have to know the laws of behavior of a Web because it is one of the sides of appearance of Noosphere, and we must adequately interact with it. There are numerous important problems, bound with a Web, and attempts to resolve them are the first task of human community, as nevertheless the human person creates the Web (or nature by hand of the person?) It's very interesting to analyze the previous history of occurrence of such phenomenon, as a Web, and to do the attempts of the prognoses on the future. For this purpose it is necessary to study the process of creating that what is possible to determine as information channels: signal lights (optical transmission mode of the information), radio waves, electrons in the semiconductor-devices, quantum in optic fibers, etc. The technological methods of every possible technical realization of information channels exhibit on this evolution course the obvious order. Since concept 'information' has been recognized as the self-maintained category, it has become clear, that it is necessary to be with it considered, as with requirements of an environment of a habitation. Now basic way of administration of any processes in community is the management of information streams.

Dzhaliashvili, Zurab O.; Suhorukova, Marina V.

2001-06-01

179

Buried waste integrated demonstration technology integration process  

SciTech Connect

A Technology integration Process was developed for the Idaho National Energy Laboratories (INEL) Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) Program to facilitate the transfer of technology and knowledge from industry, universities, and other Federal agencies into the BWID; to successfully transfer demonstrated technology and knowledge from the BWID to industry, universities, and other Federal agencies; and to share demonstrated technologies and knowledge between Integrated Demonstrations and other Department of Energy (DOE) spread throughout the DOE Complex. This document also details specific methods and tools for integrating and transferring technologies into or out of the BWID program. The document provides background on the BWID program and technology development needs, demonstrates the direction of technology transfer, illustrates current processes for this transfer, and lists points of contact for prospective participants in the BWID technology transfer efforts. The Technology Integration Process was prepared to ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE`s Office of Technology Development (OTD).

Ferguson, J.S.; Ferguson, J.E.

1992-04-01

180

Buried waste integrated demonstration technology integration process  

SciTech Connect

A Technology integration Process was developed for the Idaho National Energy Laboratories (INEL) Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) Program to facilitate the transfer of technology and knowledge from industry, universities, and other Federal agencies into the BWID; to successfully transfer demonstrated technology and knowledge from the BWID to industry, universities, and other Federal agencies; and to share demonstrated technologies and knowledge between Integrated Demonstrations and other Department of Energy (DOE) spread throughout the DOE Complex. This document also details specific methods and tools for integrating and transferring technologies into or out of the BWID program. The document provides background on the BWID program and technology development needs, demonstrates the direction of technology transfer, illustrates current processes for this transfer, and lists points of contact for prospective participants in the BWID technology transfer efforts. The Technology Integration Process was prepared to ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE's Office of Technology Development (OTD).

Ferguson, J.S.; Ferguson, J.E.

1992-04-01

181

Future Possibilities in Information Technology and Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes two articles that discuss science fiction and future possibilities in information technology: "'Jurassic Park' and Al Jolson: Thinking about the Information Revolution" (Connie Willis) and "The Good and the Bad: Outlines of Tomorrow" (David Brin). (LRW)

Wolf, Milton, Ed.; And Others

1994-01-01

182

Information friction : information technology and military performance  

E-print Network

Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

Lindsay, Jon Randall

2011-01-01

183

Adoption of Information Technology by Advertising Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since little empirical research has been conducted on adoption of currently available information technology by the advertising industry, a study explored the extent of advertising agencies' adoption of selected information technologies such as online database services and electronic mail. The study discussed data from earlier studies and analyzed…

Herling, Thomas J.; Merskin, Debra

184

Older Adults' Acceptance of Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated variables contributing to older adults' information technology acceptance through a survey, which was used to find factors explaining and predicting older adults' information technology acceptance behaviors. Four factors, including needs satisfaction, perceived usability, support availability, and public acceptance, were…

Wang, Lin; Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Salvendy, Gavriel

2011-01-01

185

Employment, Trends, and Training in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, students, workers, and jobseekers have received mixed signals about the job market for information technology. Periods of strong job growth have been punctuated by brief periods of employment declines. Optimism about information technology (commonly referred to as IT) as a career field has been tempered by concerns about job…

Wright, Benjamin

2009-01-01

186

COLLEGE OF INFORMATION SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

, technology and humans. We believe four major trends will create both educational and research opportunities Information Sciences and Technology Building University Park campus #12;2 Executive Summary Mission: Our mission is to educate students to meet the challenges of the 21st century information age, to conduct

Giles, C. Lee

187

Information Technology-Based Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greater learning can be promoted by delivering information through a variety of media and through the use of interactive applications. In this paper, the effect of information technology on learning is seen as a function of how well interactive technologies support a specific model of learning and how appropriate that model is to the learning…

Passerini, Katia; Granger, Mary J.

188

Natural language processing information retrieval  

E-print Network

Natural language processing for information retrieval David D. Lewis AT&T Bell Laboratories Karen with `end' text. We will however use information retrieval (IR), sometimes taken to mean document retrieval the essential properties of document retrieval and reviews both conventional practice and research findings

Haddadi, Hamed

189

Missouri Introduction to Materials and Processing Technology. Instructor Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to support a high school specialization course in materials and processing technology. The document contains three sections: (1) information on using the material; (2) a set of instructor guides for eight instructional units; (3) 15 technological activity modules and teacher and student instructions for their use; and (4)…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

190

Information technology and society: Prospects and problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in computer hardware and software have allowed information technology to penetrate into and firmly establish itself within our society. The technology affects the performance of our organizations, how we perform our jobs, and how we conduct our everyday lives. Beyond our borders, the. technology has debatable value to developing countries and has most certainly aroused conflicts between nations with

Bruce E. Tonn

1985-01-01

191

Seismic Rayleigh Wave Digital Processing Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Rayleigh wave exploration, the digital processing of data plays a very important position. This directly affects the interpretation of ground effect. Therefore, the use of accurate processing software and effective method in the Rayleigh wave exploration has important theoretical and practical significance. Previously, Rayleigh wave dispersion curve obtained by the one-dimensional phase analysis. This method requires channel spacing should be less than the effective wavelength. And minimal phase error will cause great changes in the phase velocity of Rayleigh wave. Damped least square method is a local linear model. It is easy to cause that inversion objective function cannot find the global optimal solution. Therefore, the method and the technology used in the past are difficult to apply the requirements of the current Rayleigh wave exploration. This study focused on the related technologies and algorithms of F-K domain dispersion curve extraction and GA global non-linear inversion, and combined with the impact of Rayleigh wave data acquisition parameters and the characteristics. Rayleigh wave exploration data processing software design and process technology research is completed. Firstly, the article describes the theoretical basis of Rayleigh wave method. This is also part of the theoretical basis of following treatment. The theoretical proof of existence of Rayleigh wave Dispersive in layered strata. Secondly, F-K domain dispersion curve extraction tests showed that the method can overcome the one-dimensional digital processing technology deficiencies, and make full use of multi-channel Rayleigh wave data record information. GA global non-linear inversion indicated that the inversion is not easy getting into local optimal solution. Thirdly, some examples illustrate each mode Rayleigh wave dispersion curve characteristics in the X-T domain. Tests demonstrated the impact on their extraction of dispersion curves. Parameters change example (including the X-T removal window, collection order, and channel interval) shows the impact on the F-K domain energy spectrum. The shape of the H-V domain dispersion curve shows the initial inversion model setting method. Some example presented GA inversion parameter settings. Finally, Rayleigh wave exploration data digital processing examples presented software and processing techniques, including data browsing, array parameter, dispersion curves picking, S-wave velocity inversion and profile. The results show that the software is very user-friendly, human-computer interaction and graphical capabilities. F-K domain dispersion curves extraction and the GA global non-linear inversion is very accurate. Wish to make further use of the FV domain frequency dispersion curves extracted, as well as other non-linear inversion method.

Jie, Li

2013-04-01

192

Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Website  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology Program (CICT) was established in 2001 to ensure NASA's Continuing leadership in emerging technologies. It is a coordinated, Agency-wide effort to develop and deploy key enabling technologies for a broad range of mission-critical tasks. The NASA CICT program is designed to address Agency-specific computing, information, and communications technology requirements beyond the projected capabilities of commercially available solutions. The areas of technical focus have been chosen for their impact on NASA's missions, their national importance, and the technical challenge they provide to the Program. In order to meet its objectives, the CICT Program is organized into the following four technology focused projects: 1) Computing, Networking and Information Systems (CNIS); 2) Intelligent Systems (IS); 3) Space Communications (SC); 4) Information Technology Strategic Research (ITSR).

Hardman, John; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

193

Assistive Technology For Students With Disabilities. Information for Parents & Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this brochure is to inform parents and educators regarding the use of assistive technology devices and services in the special education evaluation process and programming. As defined in the federal special education regulations, an assistive technology service means any service that directly assists a child with a disability in…

Copenhaver, John

2004-01-01

194

The implications of technological developments on Tourist Information Centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological developments are increasingly touching and changing the nature of and processes in industry and society. Tourism is by no means exempt from these changes. The aim of the research reported in this article is to address the issue of the implications of technological development in Tourist Information Centres (TICs). The main areas of concern are a combination of social

Jo Connell; Paul Reynolds

1999-01-01

195

76 FR 78009 - Information Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...regarding Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision. Public...techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Submit...

2011-12-15

196

Information Technology Research and Education at NSF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF has been a leader in the development of new information technologies, including support for work in education and technology. Often, opportunities for educators are found in larger efforts. This is the case for the Information Technology Research (ITR) program. It has now been extended to education areas, as announced in NSF Publication 00-126. Links to the program announcement in multiple formats are found at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsf00126.

Wink, Donald J.

2000-11-01

197

Informed Consumer Guide to Information on Funding Assistive Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory lists sources for the funding of assistive technology for people with disabilities. Introductory information urges determination of what assistive technology is needed and the gathering of all necessary information (such as primary and secondary disabilities, employment history, income and expenses, and health insurance) prior to…

ABLEDATA, Silver Spring, MD.

198

Information architecture: Standards adoption and retirement process service action plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Service Action Plan is to announce, as well as provide, a high-level outline of a new Departmental process for the adoption and retirement of information technology standards. This process supports the implementation of a Department of Energy (DOE) Information Architecture. This plan was prepared with the Department of Energy information technology standards customers and stakeholders in mind. The process described in this plan will be serviced primarily by staff from the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Information Management with assistance from designated program and site Information Technology Standards Points of Contact. We welcome any comments regarding this new Departmental process and encourage the proposal of information technology standards for adoption or retirement.

NONE

1997-03-01

199

Information Technology and Organizational Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines three sought-after Instructional Technology Outcomes (increased productivity, managed change, and enhanced human abilities) concluding that much of IT falls short through impoverished implementation planning and blind faith in technology to solve problems. Discusses four areas of opportunity. Argues that these factors may culminate in…

Carlson, Patricia A.

2001-01-01

200

Optical Disk Technology and Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides basic information on videodisks and potential applications, including inexpensive online storage, random access graphics to complement online information systems, hybrid network architectures, office automation systems, and archival storage. (JN)

Goldstein, Charles M.

1982-01-01

201

Information Technology in Complex Health Services  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective: To identify impediments to the successful transfer and implementation of packaged information systems through large, divisionalized health services. Design: A case analysis of the failure of an implementation of a critical application in the Public Health System of the State of New South Wales, Australia, was carried out. This application had been proven in the United States environment. Measurements: Interviews involving over 60 staff at all levels of the service were undertaken by a team of three. The interviews were recorded and analyzed for key themes, and the results were shared and compared to enable a continuing critical assessment. Results: Two components of the transfer of the system were considered: the transfer from a different environment, and the diffusion throughout a large, divisionalized organization. The analyses were based on the Scott-Morton organizational fit framework. In relation to the first, it was found that there was a lack of fit in the business environments and strategies, organizational structures and strategy-structure pairing as well as the management process-roles pairing. The diffusion process experienced problems because of the lack of fit in the strategy-structure, strategy-structure-management processes, and strategy-structure-role relationships. Conclusion: The large-scale developments of integrated health services present great challenges to the efficient and reliable implementation of information technology, especially in large, divisionalized organizations. There is a need to take a more sophisticated approach to understanding the complexities of organizational factors than has traditionally been the case. PMID:9067877

Southon, Frank Charles Gray; Sauer, Chris; Dampney, Christopher Noel Grant (Kit)

1997-01-01

202

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include miniaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is less easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large data sets. Three limiting paradigms are as follows: saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage, and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear model of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1991-01-01

203

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include mineaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large datasets. Three limiting paradigms are saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear mode of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1990-01-01

204

Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company information management technology architecture  

SciTech Connect

The Information Management Technology Architecture (TA) is being driven by the business objectives of reducing costs and improving effectiveness. The strategy is to reduce the cost of computing through standardization. The Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) TA is a set of standards and products for use at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The TA will provide direction for information management resource acquisitions, development of information systems, formulation of plans, and resolution of issues involving LMITCO computing resources. Exceptions to the preferred products may be granted by the Information Management Executive Council (IMEC). Certain implementation and deployment strategies are inherent in the design and structure of LMITCO TA. These include: migration from centralized toward distributed computing; deployment of the networks, servers, and other information technology infrastructure components necessary for a more integrated information technology support environment; increased emphasis on standards to make it easier to link systems and to share information; and improved use of the company`s investment in desktop computing resources. The intent is for the LMITCO TA to be a living document constantly being reviewed to take advantage of industry directions to reduce costs while balancing technological diversity with business flexibility.

Hughes, M.J.; Lau, P.K.S.

1996-05-01

205

Technology maturation process: the NASA Strategic Astrophysics Technology (SAT) program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009 the Astrophysics Division at NASA Headquarters established the Strategic Astrophysics Technology (SAT) solicitation as a new technology maturation program to fill the needed gap for mid-Technology Readiness Level (TRL) levels (3? TRL <6). In three full proposal selection cycles since the inception of this program, more than 40 investigations have been selected, many meritorious milestones have been met and advances have been achieved. In this paper, we review the process of establishing technology priorities, the management of technology advancements and milestones, and the incipient success of some of these investigations in light of the need of future space missions.

Perez, Mario R.; Pham, Bruce T.; Lawson, Peter R.

2014-08-01

206

Information Technology and the Human Research Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews how information technology supports the Human Research Facility (HRF) and specifically the uses that contractor has for the information. There is information about the contractor, the HRF, some of the experiments that were performed using the HRF on board the Shuttle, overviews of the data architecture, and software both commercial and specially developed software for the specific experiments.

Klee, Margaret

2002-01-01

207

University of Connecticut Information Technology Security  

E-print Network

This document is primarily for University departmental information security contacts and systems administratorsUniversity of Connecticut Information Technology Security Incident Response Plan #12;- i - Revision requirements for the protection of that information on the University. The University has had security

Alpay, S. Pamir

208

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HEALTHCARE  

E-print Network

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HEALTHCARE: Case Studies from a Focused for funding during the first two competitions of the ATP's Information Infrastructure for Healthcare (IIH for funding during the first two competitions of the ATP Information Infrastructure for Healthcare (IIH

209

Children Show Selective Trust in Technological Informants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although children are often exposed to technological devices early in life, little is known about how they evaluate these novel sources of information. In two experiments, children aged 3, 4, and 5 years old ("n" = 92) were presented with accurate and inaccurate computer informants, and they subsequently relied on information provided by…

Danovitch, Judith H.; Alzahabi, Reem

2013-01-01

210

75 FR 39044 - Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...286] Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information...workers of Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information...location of Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys...

2010-07-07

211

(CICT) Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) program is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communications technologies. This viewgraph presentation includes diagrams of how the political guidance behind CICT is structured. The presentation profiles each part of the NASA Mission in detail, and relates the Mission to the activities of CICT. CICT's Integrated Capability Goal is illustrated, and hypothetical missions which could be enabled by CICT are profiled. CICT technology development is profiled.

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

212

Ontologies for geographic information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of geographical information systems (GIS) and the interoperability between these systems demands new requirements for the description of the underlying data. The exchange of data between GIS systems is problematic and often fails due to confusion in the meaning of concepts. The term semantic translator, a translator between GIS systems and/or catalogue systems which gives the user the option to map data between the systems is a topic of current research. This paper provides an overview of formal ontologies and how they can be used for geographical information processing. A description of an intelligent broker architecture for semantic-based information retrieval is introduced, and shows how this approach can be used for general purposes. In conclusion we attempt to provide a roadmap for the use of ontologies for geographic information processing.

Visser, U.; Stuckenschmidt, H.; Schuster, G.; Vögele, T.

2002-02-01

213

Women Technology Leaders: Gender Issues in Higher Education Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women working in higher education information technology (IT) organizations and those seeking leadership positions in these organizations face a double challenge in overcoming the traditionally male-dominated environments of higher education and IT. Three women higher education chief information officers (CIOs) provided their perspectives,…

Drury, Marilyn

2011-01-01

214

Optical Hybrid Quantum Information Processing  

E-print Network

Historically, two complementary approaches to optical quantum information processing have been pursued: qubits and continuous-variables, each exploiting either particle or wave nature of light. However, both approaches have pros and cons. In recent years, there has been a significant progress in combining both approaches with a view to realizing hybrid protocols that overcome the current limitations. In this chapter, we first review the development of the two approaches with a special focus on quantum teleportation and its applications. We then introduce our recent research progress in realizing quantum teleportation by a hybrid scheme, and mention its future applications to universal and fault-tolerant quantum information processing.

Shuntaro Takeda; Akira Furusawa

2014-04-09

215

Modeling Quality Information within Business Process Models  

E-print Network

Modeling Quality Information within Business Process Models Robert Heinrich, Alexander Kappe. Business process models are a useful means to document information about structure and behavior literature and tool survey on modeling quality information within business process models. Keywords: Business

Paech, Barbara

216

Cogeneration technology alternatives study. Volume 2: Industrial process characteristics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information and data for 26 industrial processes are presented. The following information is given for each process: (1) a description of the process including the annual energy consumption and product production and plant capacity; (2) the energy requirements of the process for each unit of production and the detailed data concerning electrical energy requirements and also hot water, steam, and direct fired thermal requirements; (3) anticipated trends affecting energy requirements with new process or production technologies; and (4) representative plant data including capacity and projected requirements through the year 2000.

1980-01-01

217

Associate VP for Information Technology  

E-print Network

Departmental Technology Analysis Domain Management Mail & Directory Services Remote Access Cable Plant Distance Institutional Reporting IT Security Manager IT Quality Control Officer Don Click IT Project Manager Lisa Smyth. Administrative Assistant IT Policy, Planning, and Compliance Yung Ng Director for IT Policy & Planning Shelly

Rock, Chris

218

Towards an information technology infrastructure cost model  

E-print Network

Ever since the introduction of the Internet in 1994, one of the defining characteristics of the global economy, particularly in the US, is a dramatic increase in expenditures on Information Technology. While this trend is ...

Huang, Ken, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

219

Information technology in accident and emergency departments.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess the availability and use of information technology in accident and emergency departments (A&E) in the UK. A postal questionnaire was sent to every general A&E department in the UK which sees more than 25,000 new attendances/year (n = 217). Responses were obtained from 159 (73.3%) departments, of which 129 (81.1%) were computerized. Computer data was used for administration in 96.9%, for audit in 79.1% and for research in only 41.1%. Most used several sources of toxicology information, but telephone advice from the poisons information bureau was the main source. Of the hospitals, 74.2% offered courses in computer technology to their staff. The availability of information technology varies widely between departments. If the most is to be made of available technology, staff training must be more widely available and more actively promoted. PMID:9846254

Birkinshaw, R; O'Donnell, J; Sammy, I

1998-06-01

220

Essays on impact of information technology  

E-print Network

The five essays in this dissertation look at how specific information technologies (such as Electronic Document Management (EDM), Semantic Web and RuleML) and IT in general can be used to automate and standardize data and ...

Bhansali, Sumit Milap

2007-01-01

221

Donor?funded information technology transfer projects: Evaluating the life?cycle approach in four Chinese science and technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) forms an increasingly important component of donor?funded development projects, yet there has been very little structured analysis of the IT transfer process. This paper presents and evaluates a structured framework for analysis of IT transfer ? the information technology transfer life?cycle ? based on a study of four Chinese technology projects. The life?cycle framework helps to structure

Erik Baark; Richard Heeks

1999-01-01

222

77 FR 48169 - The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information on the Proposed Expansion: Part 1...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Investigation No. 332-536] The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...Expansion: Part 1; The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...investigation No. 332-532, The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and...

2012-08-13

223

Information technology and product lifecycle management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology has the potential to address two key difficulties of product lifecycle management: product information loss and secondary market transaction costs. Applicable technologies include bar-code systems, radio-frequency identification (RFID), Internet-based secondary markets, and smart chips. In addition to enhancing manufacturers' product stewardship programs, product management systems could benefit consumers by maintaining product value and making re-sale easier. The concept

Valerie Thomas; Wolfgang Neckel; Sigurd Wagner

1999-01-01

224

Information and Communications Technologies Center Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of useful videos. Most of the clips are from conferences such as the 2010 CTC Winter Retreat and feature talks given at the conferences. Several other clips involve discussions of ICT academics and technology. The clips vary in length.

225

Information Technology: A Year in Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes developments in information technology during 1988, including new telecommunications and networking services, advances in optical disk technologies, the increased use of facsimile transmissions, and new microcomputer hardware and software products. Litigation within the computer industry is reviewed, and the implications for needed…

Byles, Torrey

1989-01-01

226

Bachelor of InformatIon technology (BIt)  

E-print Network

Bachelor of InformatIon technology (BIt) InteractIve multImedIa and desIgn Portfolio requirements When you apply to the Interactive Multimedia and Design Program, you will be required to submit Technology (IMD) Carleton University 230 Azrieli Pavilion 1125 Colonel By Drive Ottawa ON K1S 5B6 Canada

Dawson, Jeff W.

227

Information Technology and the Third Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the so-called third industrial revolution, or the information revolution. Topics addressed include the progression of the revolution in the U.S. economy, in Europe, and in Third World countries; the empowering technologies, including digital switches, optical fiber, semiconductors, CD-ROM, networks, and combining technologies; and future…

Fitzsimmons, Joe

1994-01-01

228

Research on probabilistic information processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work accomplished on probabilistic information processing (PIP) is reported. The research proposals and decision analysis are discussed along with the results of research on MSC setting, multiattribute utilities, and Bayesian research. Abstracts of reports concerning the PIP research are included.

Edwards, W.

1973-01-01

229

Early Processing of Visual Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction is given to a theory of early visual information processing. The theory has been implemented, and examples are given of images at various stages of analysis. It is argued that the first step of consequence is to compute a primitive but rich description of the grey-level changes present in an image. The description is expressed in a vocabulary

D. Marr

1976-01-01

230

Photon engineering for quantum information processing  

E-print Network

We study distinguishing information in the context of quantum interference involving more than one parametric downconversion (PDC) source and in the context of polarization-entangled photon pairs based on PDC. We arrive at specific design criteria for two-photon sources so that when used as part of complex optical systems, such as photon-based quantum information processing schemes, distinguishing information between the photons is eliminated guaranteeing high visibility interference. We propose practical techniques which lead to suitably engineered two-photon states that can be realistically implemented with available technology. Finally, we study an implementation of the nonlinear-sign shift (NS) logic gate with PDC sources and show the effect of distinguishing information on the performance of the gate.

A. B. U'Ren; K. Banaszek; I. A. Walmsley

2003-05-30

231

Democracy, Technology, and Information Societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer systems, like other technologies, are socio-technical systems; they are networks of artifacts together with social\\u000a practices, social relationships, social institutions and values. Viewing computer systems in this way helps to understand,\\u000a at a deep level, how democracy can be affected by, and can affect, the design of computer systems. In this paper I will revisit\\u000a my earlier work on

Deborah G. Johnson

232

Rail Technology and Systems Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from Federal Transit Administration reviews some of the challenges involved in subway design. On this page, visitors will find the aims of the program as well as further research and reports regarding the sharing of tracks between transit and freight railroads, tunnel design and construction, and subway environment simulation. There is also a link to the May 2005 final report on the General Atomics Low Speed Maglev Technology Development Program, a 174-page pdf.

2008-02-11

233

32 CFR 147.15 - Guideline M-Misuse of Information technology systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...transmission, processing, manipulation, and storage of classified...modification, destruction, manipulation or denial of access to information...of hardware, software, or media from any information technology...of hardware, software, or media into any information...

2012-07-01

234

32 CFR 147.15 - Guideline M-Misuse of Information technology systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...transmission, processing, manipulation, and storage of classified...modification, destruction, manipulation or denial of access to information...of hardware, software, or media from any information technology...of hardware, software, or media into any information...

2013-07-01

235

32 CFR 147.15 - Guideline M-Misuse of Information technology systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...transmission, processing, manipulation, and storage of classified...modification, destruction, manipulation or denial of access to information...of hardware, software, or media from any information technology...of hardware, software, or media into any information...

2011-07-01

236

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

237

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2014-10-01

238

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2012-10-01

239

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 true Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2010-10-01

240

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2013-10-01

241

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2011-10-01

242

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2014-10-01

243

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2010-10-01

244

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...ACCESSIBILITY OF COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2010-07-01

245

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

246

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2010-10-01

247

78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

2013-04-26

248

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2011-10-01

249

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Office of Information Technology. 200.26a Section 200.26a...Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the...

2011-04-01

250

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...ACCESSIBILITY OF COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2011-07-01

251

Understanding learning: Applications to Information and Communication Technology (ICT)  

E-print Network

Understanding learning: Applications to Information and Communication Technology (ICT to Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and to Environmental Governance & Learning Pathways ................................................................................................................................................... 3 PART I : UNDERSTANDING LEARNING: APPLICATIONS TO INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

252

Information Technology Standards for Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that standards are needed to enable libraries using different processors and different operating systems to connect their computers and share services in meaningful ways, this article examines the content and status of ANSI Z39.50: Information Retrieval Service Definition and Protocol Specification for Library Applications and related work.…

Tomer, Christinger

1992-01-01

253

Port security and information technology  

E-print Network

The terrorist attacks of September 11th 2001 on New York and Washington DC shed light on the many security shortcomings that sea ports and the entire import and export process face. A primary source of these problems is ...

Petrakakos, Nikolaos Harilaos

2005-01-01

254

Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Integrating Resources by Integrating Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), an organization charged with providing information services to the Department of Defense (DoD) scientific and technical community, actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the technical…

Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

255

Education and Career Pathways in Information Communication Technology: What Are Schoolgirls Saying?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights key themes which emerged from schoolgirls' responses to focus group questions regarding perceptions of Information Communication Technology (ICT) subjects in the Queensland senior secondary curriculum, primarily, Information Processing Technology (IPT) and Information Technology Systems (ITS). The 2006 focus group interviews…

Lasen, Michelle

2010-01-01

256

The Information Infrastructure and Technology Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statement by Senator Albert Gore, Jr., on introduction of the Information Infrastructure and Technology Act of 1992 highlights examples of applications of high-performance computing, the components of the Information Infrastructure Development Program (i.e., education, libraries, manufacturing, and health care), and participating agencies. A…

Gore, Albert, Jr.

1992-01-01

257

Information Technology Security for Small Business  

E-print Network

Information Technology Security for Small Business (video script) Descriptive Text for the Visually your business your information is still very much at risk and that puts your business at risk. Visual, Passwords, User Ids, Payroll, Internet Transactions, Credit Card Numbers, Electronic Commerce and Employee

Magee, Joseph W.

258

Use of Information Technology in Optometric Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance the information technology literacy of optometry students, the Southern College of Optometry (Tennessee) developed an academic assignment, the Electronic Media Paper, in which second-year students must search two different electronic media for information. Results suggest Internet use for searching may be a useful tool for specific…

Elam, Jimmy H.

1999-01-01

259

Health Information Technology and Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing homes are considered lagging behind in adopting health information technology (HIT). Many studies have highlighted the use of HIT as a means of improving health care quality. However, these studies overwhelmingly do not provide empirical information proving that HIT can actually achieve these improvements. The main research goal of this…

Liu, Darren

2009-01-01

260

Health Care Information and Communications Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delivery of health care in any country is complicated by a variety of circumstances owing to characteristic organisation of health care. Information is central to health care delivery, meaning information and communications technology (ICT) offer considerable promise. Yet there are several barriers to successful health care ICT deployment. This article outlines the promises and challenges facing both governments and health

Robin Gauld

2005-01-01

261

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

262

Empowering children and families with information technology.  

PubMed

Patient empowerment is the enhanced ability of patients to actively understand and influence their health status. Information is the key to patient empowerment. Without information, children and families cannot engage in meaningful discussions or make thoughtful decisions regarding medical care. Information sharing is a model for patient interaction with the health care system that may significantly improve the care of children and families. This article focuses on information technologies that utilize user-centered design principles and interactive capabilities to facilitate information sharing and to empower children and families. Examples include electronic pediatric personal medical records, customized health information systems, and interactive physician offices with electronic mail (e-mail) and telemedicine capabilities. Ideally, these systems would all be integrated. Successful implementation of new technologies will require thoughtful attention and balanced solutions to tensions between information sharing vs security, and curatorship vs censorship. Issues related to access and the digital divide must also be addressed. Acceptance and usability of new technologies is predicated on close collaboration among physicians, researchers in informatics, librarians, educators, and other professionals with expertise in the human-computer interface. Child and family empowerment will be both the driving force and ultimate outcome of information-sharing technologies. PMID:11576008

D'Alessandro, D M; Dosa, N P

2001-10-01

263

Information technology in primary health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appropriate application of information technology in primary health care will extend traditional diagnosis and patient management beyond the doctor’s clinic into the everyday living environment. We describe a model of information management in primary health care, and place special emphasis on the emerging areas of clinical decision support, computerised clinical measurements, patient education and network connectivity. Briefly discussed is the

Nigel H. Lovell; Branko G. Celler

1999-01-01

264

Wood Technology: Techniques, Processes, and Products  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven areas of wood technology illustrates applicable techniques, processes, and products for an industrial arts woodworking curriculum. They are: wood lamination; PEG (polyethylene glycol) diffusion processes; wood flour and/or particle molding; production product of industry; WPC (wood-plastic-composition) process; residential construction; and…

Oatman, Olan

1975-01-01

265

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center, aims to "contribute to scientific and technological innovation in telecommunications education" as well as to "provide appropriately skilled technicians and technologists" to information and communication technologies (ICT) businesses, industry, and users. In the "Publications" section of this site, visitors will find links to ICT textbooks and a helpful glossary of telecommunications terms. In the "Resources" section, there are a number of ICT workforce development presentations and Flash simulations on topics such as shift keying and Ethernet switching. Also in this section, there is a web tutorial on designing accessible web pages. This site has a great deal of information to assist students and technologists in telecommunications fields, as well as ready-to-use instructional materials for educators.

2007-08-20

266

International Workshop on Process-oriented information systems  

E-print Network

", and we do not pretend that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) makes the miracle. However communication in integrated information systems Samrend Saboor1 , Elske Ammenwerth1 1 Institute for Health2nd International Workshop on Process-oriented information systems in healthcare ProHealth '08

Ulm, Universität

267

Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT), part of the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program, "supports the development of a highly skilled, educated and diverse process technician workforce for the chemical manufacturing, refining, oil and gas production, and pharmaceutical manufacturing industry sectors. To accomplish this, CAPT focuses on three models: one for pre-hire education in process technology (PTEC), one for new hire training, and one for incumbent training." On this page, visitors will find curriculum materials and products, professional development opportunities, and process technology career information. In the Marketing section, there are a host of publications including the CAPT newsletter, presentations, press releases, a marketing toolkit, student success stories, and other CAPT publications.

2008-07-18

268

Portal monitoring technology control process  

SciTech Connect

Portal monitors are an important part of the material protection, control, and accounting (MPC and A) programs in Russia and the US. Although portal monitors are only a part of an integrated MPC and A system, they are an effective means of controlling the unauthorized movement of special nuclear material (SNM). Russian technical experts have gained experience in the use of SNM portal monitors from US experts ad this has allowed them to use the monitors more effectively. Several Russian institutes and companies are designing and manufacturing SNM portal monitors in Russia. Interactions between Russian and US experts have resulted in improvements to the instruments. SNM portal monitor technology has been effectively transferred from the US to Russia and should be a permanent part of the Russian MPC and A Program. Progress in the implementation of the monitors and improvements to how they are used are discussed.

York, R.L.

1998-12-31

269

2 CFR 200.58 - Information technology systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Information technology systems. Information technology systems means computing devices, ancillary equipment, software, firmware, and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources. See also §§ 200.20...

2014-01-01

270

77 FR 27774 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy AGENCY: Government Accountability...2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy Committee) and...

2012-05-11

271

78 FR 7784 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters AGENCY: Government...2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy Committee) and...

2013-02-04

272

78 FR 42945 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy AGENCY: Government Accountability...2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy Committee) and...

2013-07-18

273

Methodology to manage process technology innovation  

E-print Network

The research conducted for this thesis was performed at "Company X", a U.S.-based engineered goods manufacturer. This project focused on the company's Advanced Manufacturing group and its process technology development ...

Schweizer, Daniel

2010-01-01

274

Process Analytical Technology in biopharmaceutical manufacturing  

E-print Network

Process Analytical Technology (PAT) became a well-defined concept within the pharmaceutical industry as a result of a major initiative by the FDA called "Pharmaceutical cGMPs for the 21st Century: A Risk-Based Approach." ...

Cosby, Samuel T. (Samuel Thomas)

2013-01-01

275

Understanding technology development processes theory & practice  

E-print Network

Technology development is hard for management to understand and hard for practitioners to explain, however it is an essential component of innovation. While there are standard and predictable processes for product development, ...

Oswald, W. Andrew (William Andrew)

2013-01-01

276

Efficiency of cellular information processing  

E-print Network

We show that a rate of conditional Shannon entropy reduction, characterizing the learning of an internal process about an external process, is bounded by the thermodynamic entropy production. This approach allows for the definition of an informational efficiency that can be used to study cellular information processing. We analyze three models of increasing complexity inspired by the E. coli sensory network, where the external process is an external ligand concentration jumping between two values. We start with a simple model for which ATP must be consumed so that a protein inside the cell can learn about the external concentration. With a second model for a single receptor we show that the rate at which the receptor learns about the external environment can be nonzero even without any dissipation inside the cell since chemical work done by the external process compensates for this learning rate. The third model is more complete, also containing adaptation. For this model we show inter alia that a bacterium in an environment that changes at a very slow time-scale is quite inefficient, dissipating much more than it learns. Using the concept of a coarse-grained learning rate, we show for the model with adaptation that while the activity learns about the external signal the option of changing the methylation level increases the concentration range for which the learning rate is substantial.

Andre C. Barato; David Hartich; Udo Seifert

2014-05-28

277

Information processing. [in human performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Theoretical models of sensory-information processing by the human brain are reviewed from a human-factors perspective, with a focus on their implications for aircraft and avionics design. The topics addressed include perception (signal detection and selection), linguistic factors in perception (context provision, logical reversals, absence of cues, and order reversals), mental models, and working and long-term memory. Particular attention is given to decision-making problems such as situation assessment, decision formulation, decision quality, selection of action, the speed-accuracy tradeoff, stimulus-response compatibility, stimulus sequencing, dual-task performance, task difficulty and structure, and factors affecting multiple task performance (processing modalities, codes, and stages).

Wickens, Christopher D.; Flach, John M.

1988-01-01

278

Information Technology and Organization Design: Locating Decisions and Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the impact of information technology (IT) on the profitability of individual organization designs and on the relative profitability of different organization designs. We develop models where organization design is defined by the location of investment decision authority. We consider global and local investment when there is an information asymmetry between a central authority and decentralized nodes---decentralized nodes make

Barrie R. Nault

1998-01-01

279

The NASA Integrated Information Technology Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document defines an Information Technology Architecture for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), where Information Technology (IT) refers to the hardware, software, standards, protocols and processes that enable the creation, manipulation, storage, organization and sharing of information. An architecture provides an itemization and definition of these IT structures, a view of the relationship of the structures to each other and, most importantly, an accessible view of the whole. It is a fundamental assumption of this document that a useful, interoperable and affordable IT environment is key to the execution of the core NASA scientific and project competencies and business practices. This Architecture represents the highest level system design and guideline for NASA IT related activities and has been created on the authority of the NASA Chief Information Officer (CIO) and will be maintained under the auspices of that office. It addresses all aspects of general purpose, research, administrative and scientific computing and networking throughout the NASA Agency and is applicable to all NASA administrative offices, projects, field centers and remote sites. Through the establishment of five Objectives and six Principles this Architecture provides a blueprint for all NASA IT service providers: civil service, contractor and outsourcer. The most significant of the Objectives and Principles are the commitment to customer-driven IT implementations and the commitment to a simpler, cost-efficient, standards-based, modular IT infrastructure. In order to ensure that the Architecture is presented and defined in the context of the mission, project and business goals of NASA, this Architecture consists of four layers in which each subsequent layer builds on the previous layer. They are: 1) the Business Architecture: the operational functions of the business, or Enterprise, 2) the Systems Architecture: the specific Enterprise activities within the context of IT systems, 3) the Technical Architecture: a common, vendor-independent framework for design, integration and implementation of IT systems and 4) the Product Architecture: vendor=specific IT solutions. The Systems Architecture is effectively a description of the end-user "requirements". Generalized end-user requirements are discussed and subsequently organized into specific mission and project functions. The Technical Architecture depicts the framework, and relationship, of the specific IT components that enable the end-user functionality as described in the Systems Architecture. The primary components as described in the Technical Architecture are: 1) Applications: Basic Client Component, Object Creation Applications, Collaborative Applications, Object Analysis Applications, 2) Services: Messaging, Information Broker, Collaboration, Distributed Processing, and 3) Infrastructure: Network, Security, Directory, Certificate Management, Enterprise Management and File System. This Architecture also provides specific Implementation Recommendations, the most significant of which is the recognition of IT as core to NASA activities and defines a plan, which is aligned with the NASA strategic planning processes, for keeping the Architecture alive and useful.

Baldridge, Tim

1997-01-01

280

Advanced Information Technology Investments at the NASA Earth Science Technology Office  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) regularly makes investments for nurturing advanced concepts in information technology to enable rapid, low-cost acquisition, processing and visualization of Earth science data in support of future NASA missions and climate change research. In 2012, the National Research Council published a mid-term assessment of the 2007 decadal survey for future spacemissions supporting Earth science and applications [1]. The report stated, "Earth sciences have advanced significantly because of existing observational capabilities and the fruit of past investments, along with advances in data and information systems, computer science, and enabling technologies." The report found that NASA had responded favorably and aggressively to the decadal survey and noted the role of the recent ESTO solicitation for information systems technologies that partnered with the NASA Applied Sciences Program to support the transition into operations. NASA's future missions are key stakeholders for the ESTO technology investments. Also driving these investments is the need for the Agency to properly address questions regarding the prediction, adaptation, and eventual mitigation of climate change. The Earth Science Division has championed interdisciplinary research, recognizing that the Earth must be studied as a complete system in order toaddress key science questions [2]. Information technology investments in the low-mid technology readiness level (TRL) range play a key role in meeting these challenges. ESTO's Advanced Information Systems Technology (AIST) program invests in higher risk / higher reward technologies that solve the most challenging problems of the information processing chain. This includes the space segment, where the information pipeline begins, to the end user, where knowledge is ultimatelyadvanced. The objectives of the program are to reduce the risk, cost, size, and development time of Earth Science space-based and ground-based systems, increase the accessibility and utility of science data, and to enable new observation measurements and information products. We will discuss the ESTO investment strategy for information technology development, the methods used to assess stakeholder needs and technology advancements, and technology partnerships to enhance the infusion for the resulting technology. We also describe specific investments and their potential impact on enabling NASA missions and scientific discovery. [1] "Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Midterm Assessment of NASA's Implementation of the Decadal Survey", 2012: National Academies Press, http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13405 [2] "Responding to the Challenge of Climate and Environmental Change: NASA's Plan for a Climate-Centric Architecture for Earth Observations and Applications from Space", 2010: NASA Tech Memo, http://science.nasa.gov/media/medialibrary/2010/07/01/Climate_Architecture_Final.pdf

Clune, T.; Seablom, M. S.; Moe, K.

2012-12-01

281

Research Opportunities in Information Science and Technology: Cognitive Aspects of Information Science, Information Technology, and Economics of Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the reports of three working groups which were convened separately over a 3-year period at the request of the Advisory Committee for the Division of Information Science and Technology of the National Science Foundation to obtain the opinion of experts concerning research opportunities and trends in information science and…

National Science Foundation. Washington, DC. Div. of Information Science and Technology.

282

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2005\\u000aMary Jo Orzech, Editor\\u000aContents:\\u000aMultimedia Upgrades 1 McAfee Virus Protection CDs Available 1 Davenport Hatch Grants 1 Edwards Instruction Sounds Better 2 Instructional Technology Equipment 2 Fall Lab Upgrades 2 New hours for early risers 2 Dailey Classroom Schedule Online 3 New laptops in CELT 3 A-Team Training in August 3 ResNet Connects!

Mary Jo Orzech

2005-01-01

283

Quantum communication and information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum computers enable dramatically more efficient algorithms for solving certain classes of computational problems, but, in doing so, they create new problems. In particular, Shor's Algorithm allows for efficient cryptanalysis of many public-key cryptosystems. As public key cryptography is a critical component of present-day electronic commerce, it is crucial that a working, secure replacement be found. Quantum key distribution (QKD), first developed by C.H. Bennett and G. Brassard, offers a partial solution, but many challenges remain, both in terms of hardware limitations and in designing cryptographic protocols for a viable large-scale quantum communication infrastructure. In Part I, I investigate optical lattice-based approaches to quantum information processing. I look at details of a proposal for an optical lattice-based quantum computer, which could potentially be used for both quantum communications and for more sophisticated quantum information processing. In Part III, I propose a method for converting and storing photonic quantum bits in the internal state of periodically-spaced neutral atoms by generating and manipulating a photonic band gap and associated defect states. In Part II, I present a cryptographic protocol which allows for the extension of present-day QKD networks over much longer distances without the development of new hardware. I also present a second, related protocol which effectively solves the authentication problem faced by a large QKD network, thus making QKD a viable, information-theoretic secure replacement for public key cryptosystems.

Beals, Travis Roland

284

TEXACO GASIFICATION PROCESS - INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the evaluation of the Texaco Gasification Process (TGP) conducted under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program. The Texaco Gasification Process was developed by Texaco Inc. The TGP is a comm...

285

Improving injury prevention through health information technology.  

PubMed

Health information technology is an emerging area of focus in clinical medicine with the potential to improve injury and violence prevention practice. With injuries being the leading cause of death for Americans aged 1-44 years, greater implementation of evidence-based preventive services, referral to community resources, and real-time surveillance of emerging threats is needed. Through a review of the literature and capturing of current practice in the field, this paper showcases how health information technology applied to injury and violence prevention can lead to strengthened clinical preventive services, more rigorous measurement of clinical outcomes, and improved injury surveillance, potentially resulting in health improvement. PMID:25441230

Haegerich, Tamara M; Sugerman, David E; Annest, Joseph L; Klevens, Joanne; Baldwin, Grant T

2015-02-01

286

Embracing Statistical Challenges in the Information Technology Age  

E-print Network

primary role as assisting this knowledge/information acquisition process in a principled and scientific and arctic cloud detection are used throughout the paper to bring the discussions to a concrete level. 1 centered around rapid advances in computer technologies. As a result, our data collection capabilities have

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

287

Enhancing Studying Mathematics at Faculty of Information Technologies (FIT), MOSTAR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the effects of curriculum changes for course on Mathematics at Faculty of Information Technologies, University "Dzemal Bijedic", Mostar, BIH. Changes were introduced during Fall Semester 2006/7. They are aiming to improve knowledge deliverance and examination process. Effect of changes was measured by comparing actual results…

Bijedic, Nina; Slanjankic, Emir; Praso, Murat

2007-01-01

288

How Information Technology Can Enable 21st Century Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, the information technology (IT) revolution has transformed American industry--leading to new types of work processes and business organizations, and increased productivity and consumer innovations--but by and large, this game-changer has bypassed America's schools. Virtually all K-12 schools in the country are connected to the…

Kolderie, Ted; McDonald; Tim

2009-01-01

289

Information systems to enhance technology exchange  

SciTech Connect

A fundamental part of international technology exchange is the compilation and dissemination of information. Worldwide environmental problems and technology development activities form the basis for important opportunities across the world and especially for those in the former Soviet Union. Recently, important agreements have been reached among Russian institutes engaged in environmental work and the US Department of Energy (DOE) and its national laboratories. These agreements will allow a systematic compilation of information on environmental contamination problems in Russia that can be included in DOE`s environmental information systems. A computer hardware and software system has been loaned to Russian scientists by the DOE for the sharing of environmental software and data, while establishing standards for future information networks.

Hunter, T.; Harrington, M.; Harlan, C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Drozhko, E. [MAYAK Production Association (United States)

1994-03-01

290

Status, outlook of optical technology in information equipment field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The highly touted electronics industry, expected to be the trigger industry of the 1980s, suddenly lost steam in the latter half of the 1980s. In this situation, only optoelectronics is experiencing a boom in business. The effects that massive data processing technology, information stocking, information transmission, light emitting diodes (LEDs), laser applications, storage devices, and optical cards have on the expansion of optoelectronics are discussed.

1987-09-01

291

Prioritizing Information Technology Investments: Assessing the Correlations among Technological Readiness, Information Technology Flexibility, and Information Technology Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management's dilemma, when allocating financial resources towards the improvement of technological readiness and IT flexibility within their organizations, is to control financial risk and maximize IT effectiveness. Technological readiness is people's propensity to embrace and use technology. Its drivers are optimism, innovativeness, discomfort,…

Walter, John T.

2010-01-01

292

Effective Management of Information Technology for Multi-Mission Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is a cornerstone of any space mission, and operating a multi-mission center increases the demands for efficient and effective information technology management. Simultaneously, the independent budget lines and requirements of multiple missions work against organization-wide information technology services and maintaining an integrated, manageable and affordable information technology architecture. With the Hubble Space Telescope in the prime of its

Glenn E. Miller; Doris McClure; Marty Durkin; Lisa Wolff

2004-01-01

293

Information management and Process Improvement Using Data Mining Techniques  

E-print Network

1 Information management and Process Improvement Using Data Mining Techniques Gibbons, WM, University of Ulster, N.Ireland, mw.gibbons@ulst.ac.uk Ranta, M, Helsinki, University of Technology, Finland University of Technology, Finland, Abstract This paper describes a computer component manufacturing scenario

294

48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a) To...electronic and information technology (EIT) that meet the applicable... ___ 1194.24 Video and multimedia products ___ 1194.25...attachment of an assistive technology device, but merely...

2013-10-01

295

48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a) To...electronic and information technology (EIT) that meet the applicable... ___ 1194.24 Video and multimedia products ___ 1194.25...attachment of an assistive technology device, but merely...

2011-10-01

296

48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a) To...electronic and information technology (EIT) that meet the applicable... ___ 1194.24 Video and multimedia products ___ 1194.25...attachment of an assistive technology device, but merely...

2012-10-01

297

75 FR 79354 - Assessment Technology Standards Request for Information (RFI)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Assessment Technology Standards Request for Information...technical expertise pertaining to assessment technology standards...collect information relating to assessment technology standards. Toward that end, we...

2010-12-20

298

Modernization and new technologies: Coping with the information explosion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information has become a valuable and strategic resource in all societies and economies. Scientific and technical information is especially important in developing and maintaining a strong national science and technology base. The expanding use of information technology, the growth of interdisciplinary research, and an increase in international collaboration are changing characteristics of information. This modernization effort applies new technology to current processes to provide near-term benefits to the user. At the same time, we are developing a long-term modernization strategy designed to transition the program to a multimedia, global 'library without walls'. Notwithstanding this modernization program, it is recogized that no one information center can hope to collect all the relevant data. We see information and information systems changing and becoming more international in scope. We are finding that many nations are expending resources on national systems which duplicate each other. At the same time that this duplication exists, many useful sources of aerospace information are not being collected to cover expanded sources of information. This paper reviews the NASA modernization program and raises for consideration new possibilities for unification of the various aerospace database efforts toward a cooperative international aerospace database initiative, one that can optimize the cost/benefit equation for all participants.

Blados, Walter R.; Cotter, Gladys A.

1993-01-01

299

Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

1999-05-01

300

OPHTHALMOLOGY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN TUZLA CANTON HEALTH CARE SYSTEM  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To analyze organization of ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton and use of information technologies(IT). Introduction: IT in ophthalmology is the technology required for the data processing and other information important for patient and essential for building an electronic health record(EHR). IT in ophthalmology should include the study, science, and solution sets for all aspects of data, information and knowledge management in health information processing. Material and methods: We have analyzed organization of ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton. Data relevant for this research were acquired from annual reports of Tuzla Canton health ministry. All institutions and ambulances were visited and all health care professionals interviewed. A questionnaire was made which included questions for health care professionals about knowledge and use of computers, internet and information technology. Results: Ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton has paper based medical record. There is no information system with any possibility to exchange data electronically. None of the medical devices is directly connected to the Internet and all data are typed, printed and delivered directly to the patient. All interviewed health care professionals agree that implementation of IT and EHR would contribute and improve work quality. Conclusion: Computer use and easy information access will make a qualitative difference in eye-care delivery in Tuzla canton. Implementation phase will be difficult because it will likely impact present style of practice. Strategy for implementation of IT in medicine in general must be made at the country level. PMID:23322959

Zvornicanin, Jasmin; Zvornicanin, Edita; Sabanovic, Zekerijah

2012-01-01

301

Access America, Reengineering through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the "Access America" report which was published in 1997 as a follow up to the National Performance Review, an assessment of federal government operations and procedures. Discusses future goals of the use of electronic services and information technology to improve government operations, systems integration, cost reduction, improved quality…

Dugan, Robert E.

1999-01-01

302

UC Irvine 2007 Student Information Technology Experience  

E-print Network

UC Irvine 2007 Student Information Technology Experience (SITE) Survey UCI 2007 SITE Survey undergraduates UC Irvine 2007 Student IT Experience Survey 2 2951 undergraduates · 2849 undergraduates answered · Internet Access UC Irvine 2007 Student IT Experience Survey 3 · Internet Access · Campus's wireless

Brody, James P.

303

Information Technology and New Forms of Organisations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates the impacts of the Internet on organizational structures and identifies new forms of organizations in light of information technology (IT) advances. Four traditional forms of organizations are summarized, i.e., the bureaucratic hierarchy, the entrepreneurial organization, the matrix organization, and the adhocacy. The…

Ghasemiyeh, Rahim; Li, Feng

304

Information Technology Services Support for Emergencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least the last quarter century, enterprises--including higher education institutions--have increasingly relied on Information Technology Services (ITS) for business functions. As a result, IT organizations have had to develop the discipline of production operations as well as recovery procedures to respond when those operations are…

Spicer, Donald Z.

2008-01-01

305

Staff Scheduling Optimization in Information Technology Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an organization that develops Information Technology projects, often exists staff scheduling demands. In most of these organizations the resources are simultaneously shared between many projects. The organization has the responsibility of doing this optimized staff scheduling attending the projects demands. But, this is not a simple task to do and it turns more complex as the number of projects

Amaury Brasil Filho; Ana Sofia Marçal; Gabriela Costa; Placido Pinheirol

2007-01-01

306

Managing Black Swan Information Technology Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radically innovative information technology projects are considered one of the most challenging and difficult types of software projects to oversee and manage. The unique nature of such projects relegates them into a unique class of projects that we characterize as “Black Swans.” Highly innovative\\/radical IT projects reflect a “black swan” situation, where knowledge from previous projects do not provide significant

Wilfred W. Wu; Gregory M. Rose; Kalle Lyytinen

2011-01-01

307

Fuzzy information technology and knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuzzy information technology (fuzzy IT) is a useful extension of traditional IT in that it can manipulate qualitative or non-crisp data. This may be important for firms concerned with identifying, measuring, and managing the knowledge. Both traditional and fuzzy IT researchers need to relate their methods to the concepts and models used in knowledge (intellectual capital) management so that they

Nancy Green Hall

2000-01-01

308

Fuzzy information technology and knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuzzy information technology (fuzzy IT) is a useful extension of traditional IT in that it can manipulate qualitative or non-crisp data. This ability of fuzzy methodologies may fill an important role in the growing concern firms have for identifying, measuring, and managing the knowledge in the firm. This corporate knowledge is now considered to be intellectual capital which firms can

Nancy Green Hall

1998-01-01

309

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology  

E-print Network

, and guests as part of the services offered to enhance productivity in the workplace. Wireless networks that wireless products can function properly, Information Technology Services needs to protect the spectrum MHz and 5.9 GHz that the University can: connect laptops and personal devices to the campus network

Gering, Jon C.

310

Innovative Use of Information Technology by Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council on Library and Information Resources' (CLIR's) College Libraries Committee began its study of the innovative uses of technology on college campuses in the spring of 1998. A letter was sent to heads of libraries of colleges and mid-sized universities in the United States encouraging librarians who felt their institutions had used…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

311

Campus Computer Store Information Technology Services  

E-print Network

Campus Computer Store Information Technology Services 20 Place Riel, 1 Campus Drive 966-8375 ccs Computer Store is administering a license for SAS. It is licensed on a yearly pro-rated basis as outlined: _____________________________________________________ Student Number (if applicable): _______________________________________________ Location of Computer

Saskatchewan, University of

312

Information Communication Technology (ICT) Shaping Student Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper opens with the following questions: "How prepared are you as a student affairs professional for information communication technology (ICT)? Do you understand such concepts as portals, e-business, Napster, computer use policies, and wireless communication? Will student affairs be shaped by ICT or will student affairs help shape ICT on…

Broughton, Elizabeth

313

Coordination Technologies for Managing Information System Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information System Engineering has become under increasing pressure to come up with software solutions that endow systems with the agility that is required to evolve in a continually changing business and technological environment. In this paper, we suggest that Software Engi- neering has a contribution to make in terms of concepts and techniques that have been recently developed for Parallel

Luis Filipe Andrade; José Luiz Fiadeiro

2001-01-01

314

Governance Methods Used in Externalizing Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology (IT) is the largest capital expenditure in many firms and is an integral part of many organizations' strategies. However, the benefits that each company receives from its IT investments vary. One study by Weill (2004) found that the top performer in the sample was estimated to have as high as a 40% greater return on its…

Chan, Steven King-Lun

2012-01-01

315

Making Sense of Health Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Hospital adoption of health information technology (HIT) systems is promoted as essential to decreasing medical error and their associated 44,000 annual deaths and $17 billion in healthcare costs (Institute of Medicine, 2001; Kohn, Corrigan, & Donaldson, 1999). Leading national healthcare groups, such as the Institute of Medicine,…

Kitzmiller, Rebecca Rutherford

2012-01-01

316

Integrating Information, Education and Technology Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education environment is undergoing significant change as it enters a global knowledge-based economy. Technology now enables students to undertake studies that are time and place independent. To thrive in a networked learner environment, new strategic relationships must be created between library and information professionals,…

O'Brien, Linda; Sidorko, Peter

317

Julin Mestre School of Information Technologies  

E-print Network

Julián Mestre ! School of Information Technologies The University of Sydney Research Methods, 2014 S2 Writing a paper in Theoretical Computer Science #12;Research Methods - Julián Mestre Overview the reviewer's perspective References 2 #12;Research Methods - Julián Mestre Examples of topics in TCS

Hong,Seokhee

318

How Does Information Technology Shape Thinking?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study revisits a classic yet still intriguing question regarding information technology (IT): what difference does IT "really" make, in terms of people's thinking? In order to explore this question, the effects of IT in authentic research settings were studied through retrospective interviews with 24 academic researchers. Analysis of the…

Barzilai, Sarit; Zohar, Anat

2006-01-01

319

Observations on Benchmarking Information Technology Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a survey of five similar institutions, Pennsylvania State University identified four principles of model information technology (IT) practice: use of policy, budget, and strategy measures to maximize IT benefits; early IT implementation; emphasis on customer service to integrate IT into institutional culture; and use of standards,…

CAUSE/EFFECT, 1995

1995-01-01

320

Leveraging Information Technology. Track VII: Outstanding Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track VII, Outstanding Applications, are presented. They include: "Image Databases in the University" (Reid Kaplan and Gordon Mathieson); "Using Information Technology for Travel Management at the University of Michigan" (Robert E. Russell and John C. Hufziger); "On-Line Access to University Policies…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

321

Communication and information technology in medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few years have seen rapid advances in communication and information technology (C&IT), and the pervasion of the worldwide web into everyday life has important implications for education. Most medical schools provide extensive computer networks for their students, and these are increasingly becoming a central component of the learning and teaching environment. Such advances bring new opportunities and challenges

Jeremy PT Ward; Jill Gordon; Michael J Field; Harold P Lehmann

2001-01-01

322

Advancing Excellence in Information Technology at the  

E-print Network

. Gulachek, Senior Director, Strategy Management, OIT #12;Goals · Support and advance academic prioritiesAdvancing Excellence in Information Technology at the University of Minnesota March 20, 2010 #12 that advances academic priorities is imperative. · Proposed: Highly Coordinated Model ­ The IT directors serve

Minnesota, University of

323

Report of the Panel on Computer and Information Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircraft have become more and more dependent on computers (information processing) for improved performance and safety. It is clear that this activity will grow, since information processing technology has advanced by a factor of 10 every 5 years for the past 35 years and will continue to do so. Breakthroughs in device technology, from vacuum tubes through transistors to integrated circuits, contribute to this rapid pace. This progress is nearly matched by similar, though not as dramatic, advances in numerical software and algorithms. Progress has not been easy. Many technical and nontechnical challenges were surmounted. The outlook is for continued growth in capability but will require surmounting new challenges. The technology forecast presented in this report has been developed by extrapolating current trends and assessing the possibilities of several high-risk research topics. In the process, critical problem areas that require research and development emphasis have been identified. The outlook assumes a positive perspective; the projected capabilities are possible by the year 2000, and adequate resources will be made available to achieve them. Computer and information technology forecasts and the potential impacts of this technology on aeronautics are identified. Critical issues and technical challenges underlying the achievement of forecasted performance and benefits are addressed.

Lundstrom, Stephen F.; Larsen, Ronald L.

1984-01-01

324

A Computer-Assisted Approach for Conducting Information Technology Applied Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing popularity of computer and network technologies has attracted researchers to investigate the strategies and the effects of information technology applied instructions. Previous research has not only demonstrated the benefits of applying information technologies to the learning process, but has also revealed the difficulty of applying…

Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Pei Jin; Yang, Tzu-Chi

2009-01-01

325

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS ...26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the analysis, design programming...maintenance of all ADP systems;...

2010-04-01

326

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology Access  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology Access STATUS: Approved POLICY TITLE: Donna Liss Chief Information Officer Information Technology Services 100 East Normal Truman State, disciplinary action, suspension, termination of employment, dismissal from the University, and legal action

Gering, Jon C.

327

Medicaid information technology architecture: an overview.  

PubMed

The Medicaid Information Technology Architecture (MITA) is a roadmap and tool-kit for States to transform their Medicaid Management Information System (MMIS) into an enterprise-wide, beneficiary-centric system. MITA will enable State Medicaid agencies to align their information technology (IT) opportunities with their evolving business needs. It also addresses long-standing issues of interoperability, adaptability, and data sharing, including clinical data, across organizational boundaries by creating models based on nationally accepted technical standards. Perhaps most significantly, MITA allows State Medicaid Programs to actively participate in the DHHS Secretary's vision of a transparent health care market that utilizes electronic health records (EHRs), ePrescribing and personal health records (PHRs). PMID:17427840

Friedman, Richard H

2006-01-01

328

Epidemiological surveillance using information technologies in Paraguay.  

PubMed

This article presents the early work on a project in Paraguay for epidemiological surveillance using information technologies. This project is a response of our university to a governmental request to establish links of cooperation and development between academic public sectors of Spain and Paraguay. The overall project objective is the promotion ofa healthy citizenry through the application of information and communication technologies to the monitoring of populations vulnerable to febrile syndromes (FS). The goal of this project is to create the infrastructure that will allow the population of the country to easily communicate with health centers and provide information on cases of FS. The telephone network will be the main physical support for this communication. The project was formally initiated in January 2009 with the implementation of the prototype system. During the first half of 2010, the pilot project will be implemented in Asunción, Paraguay. PMID:20586400

Olabe, Xabier Basogain; León, Virgilio Cane; Galvan, Pedro; de Cabral, Margarita Brizuela; Basogain, Miguel Angel Olabe; Gomez-Solaetxe, Miguel A; Larrabe, Juan L

2010-01-01

329

proceSS technology College of Rural and Community Development  

E-print Network

courses......................................................................................8 PRT F101--Introduction to Process Technology.................................3 PRT F110--Introduction to Occupational ......................................................................3 PRT F130--Process Technology I: Equipment.....................................4 PRT F140

Hartman, Chris

330

77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee: Request for Comment...Health Records (EHRs) AGENCY: Health Information Technology (HIT) Policy Committee, Office of...

2012-11-26

331

College of Information Technology 139 COLLEGE OF INFORMATION  

E-print Network

programs include Bachelor's, Master's, and Ph.D. degree programs in computer science, software or Bachelor of Arts degrees, the student must select a minimum of 15 hours outside of computer science information technology solutions. Computer Science Program. The Computer Science Department offers a wide

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

332

Collaborative Information Systems and Business Process Design Using Simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Information Systems (IS) community promotes the idea that IS analyst should have a clear understanding of the way the organization operates before attempting to propose an IS solution. It is argued that to take a complete advantage of the underlying Information Technology (IT), organizations should first identify any process flaw and then propose a suitable IT solution. Similarly, many

Ray J. Paul; Alan Serrano

2004-01-01

333

[Information technology for health education: two revisions and a proposal].  

PubMed

This paper presents two revisions: one discusses the absorption of information technologies in Health and Education; the other presents a revision of technological concepts applicable to professional healthcare education. The objectives are to demonstrate the relevance of including these technologies in large-scale institutional training projects for healthcare practitioners in Brazil's National Health System, presenting material and political devices for teaching-learning processes that foster the sharing of content, the reusability of educational materials and interdisciplinarity. This paper thus illustrates the possibilities of adopting standards and the development of learning objects as content creation, distribution and management technologies. In the political sphere, institutional leadership and cooperation networks are highlighted as key elements for clustering the efforts of academic institutions, training centers and services for collectively building up a Healthcare Education Technology base. PMID:17680118

Cavalcante, Maria Tereza Leal; Vasconcellos, Miguel Murat

2007-01-01

334

Integrating Instructional Technology with Information Technology and Its Implications for Designing Electronic Learning Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the concepts of technology, instructional technology, and information technology are presented. The integration of instructional technology, and information technology is established and its implications for electronic learning systems design are discussed. One can say that: information and instructional designers can design…

Abdelraheem, Ahmed Yousif

2005-01-01

335

Quantum information processing in diamond  

E-print Network

Quantum computing is an attractive and multidisciplinary field, which became a focus for experimental and theoretical research during last decade. Among other systems, like ions in traps or superconducting circuits, solid-states based qubits are considered to be promising candidates for first experimental tests of quantum hardware. Here we report recent progress in quantum information processing with point defect in diamond. Qubits are defined as single spin states (electron or nuclear). This allows exploring long coherence time (up to seconds for nuclear spins at cryogenic temperatures). In addition, the optical transition between ground and excited electronic states allows coupling of spin degrees of freedom to the state of the electromagnetic field. Such coupling gives access to the spin state readout via spin-selective scattering of photon. This also allows using of spin state as robust memory for flying qubits (photons).

F. Jelezko; J. Wrachtrup

2005-10-19

336

Technology guidance for safeguards information management  

SciTech Connect

The Safeguards Information Management Systems project, SIMS, seeks to provide information access tools to the IAEA to assist in implementation of enhanced safeguards. The Technology and Systems Group advises the SIMS project in the selection of hardware and software, the integration of system components, and the evaluation of realistic information management approaches. The group`s guidance has led to reevaluation of the system hardware choices, visual data storage methods, and geographical data sources. Consultation with the Agency has resulted in a major realignment of the effort towards providing information access on Networked Microsoft Windows desk top computers rather than separate SUN workstations. The manner in which imagery is stored and presented is another developing area. Initial systems delivered to the Agency relied on analogue video disc recorders and VCRs. Future systems will store and manipulate digital images. The initial source of map data for the workstation was analogue video discs from the US Defense Mapping Agency. Many of these maps are restricted in their distribution, therefore additional map data sources were developed. The Technology map data sources were developed. The Technology and Systems Group`s efforts to steer a clear course through this ever changing mine-field is described.

Manatt, D.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Howell, J.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Steinmaus, K.; St. Pierre, D. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Deland, S.M.; Vandewart, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-09-01

337

FURNACE COOLING TECHNOLOGY IN PYROMETALLURGICAL PROCESSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliable furnace cooling technology is a domain of increasing concern to the pyrometallurgical industry as it can significantly increase process intensities, productivity and campaign times of furnaces. Although there are many advantages in using cooling systems, they also impose a variety of problems mainly related to safety, heat losses and sustainability of the operations. The choice of cooling system is

Karel Verscheure; Andrew K. Kyllo; Andreas Filzwieser; Bart Blanpain; Patrick Wollants

338

Business Value of Information Sharing and the Role of Emerging Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Technology has brought significant benefits to organizations by allowing greater information sharing within and across firm boundaries leading to performance improvements. Emerging technologies such as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web2.0 have transformed the volume and process of information sharing. However, a comprehensive…

Kumar, Sanjeev

2009-01-01

339

Photonic Architecture for Scalable Quantum Information Processing in Diamond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics and information are intimately connected, and the ultimate information processing devices will be those that harness the principles of quantum mechanics. Many physical systems have been identified as candidates for quantum information processing, but none of them are immune from errors. The challenge remains to find a path from the experiments of today to a reliable and scalable quantum computer. Here, we develop an architecture based on a simple module comprising an optical cavity containing a single negatively charged nitrogen vacancy center in diamond. Modules are connected by photons propagating in a fiber-optical network and collectively used to generate a topological cluster state, a robust substrate for quantum information processing. In principle, all processes in the architecture can be deterministic, but current limitations lead to processes that are probabilistic but heralded. We find that the architecture enables large-scale quantum information processing with existing technology.

Nemoto, Kae; Trupke, Michael; Devitt, Simon J.; Stephens, Ashley M.; Scharfenberger, Burkhard; Buczak, Kathrin; Nöbauer, Tobias; Everitt, Mark S.; Schmiedmayer, Jörg; Munro, William J.

2014-07-01

340

Fostering Interest in Information Technology (FI3 T): Critical Framework  

E-print Network

in Information Technology (FI3 T) project funded by the National Science Foundation's Innovative Technology technology in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) initiatives with a strong emphasis with this notion, the Fostering Interest in Information Technology (FI3 T) project is designed to increase

Medjahed, Brahim

341

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring ``global visualization`` onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua

1992-09-01

342

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring global visualization'' onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua.

1992-01-01

343

Intranet technology in hospital information systems.  

PubMed

The clinical information system architecture at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York is being incorporated into an intranet using Internet and World Wide Web protocols. The result is an Enterprise-Wide Web which provides more flexibility for access to specific patient information and general medical knowledge. Critical aspects of the architecture include a central data repository and a vocabulary server. The new architecture provides ways of displaying patient information in summary, graphical, and multimedia forms. Using customized links called Infobuttons, we provide access to on-line information resources available on the World Wide Web. Our experience to date has raised a number of interesting issues about the use of this technology for health care systems. PMID:10175348

Cimino, J J

1997-01-01

344

Automated Composites Processing Technology: Film Module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed a technology that combines a film/adhesive laydown module with fiber placement technology to enable the processing of composite prepreg tow/tape and films, foils or adhesives on the same placement machine. The development of this technology grew out of NASA's need for lightweight, permeation-resistant cryogenic propellant tanks. Autoclave processing of high performance composites results in thermally-induced stresses due to differences in the coefficients of thermal expansion of the fiber and matrix resin components. These stresses, together with the reduction in temperature due to cryogen storage, tend to initiate microcracking within the composite tank wall. One way in which to mitigate this problem is to introduce a thin, crack-resistant polymer film or foil into the tank wall. Investigation into methods to automate the processing of thin film or foil materials into composites led to the development of this technology. The concept employs an automated film supply and feed module that may be designed to fit existing fiber placement machines, or may be designed as integral equipment to new machines. This patent-pending technology can be designed such that both film and foil materials may be processed simultaneously, leading to a decrease in part build cycle time. The module may be designed having a compaction device independent of the host machine, or may utilize the host machine's compactor. The film module functions are controlled by a dedicated system independent of the fiber placement machine controls. The film, foil, or adhesive is processed via pre-existing placement machine run programs, further reducing operational expense.

Hulcher, A. Bruce

2004-01-01

345

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use. PMID:20962121

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

346

California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology is an advanced research and development organization whose goal is to "extend the reach of the current information infrastructure throughout the physical world to enable anytime/anywhere access." Highlights and news stories from the Institute are given on its Web site, as well as a multimedia section with live Webcasts and a video archive. The Institute has taken an original approach to "layered" research; a detailed overview is given for each research department that comprises one of the five layers of the new Internet.

347

Effects of urban information and communication technology on sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the urban information and communication technology and its impacts on sustainable development. The findings are based on the views represented in literature and the relationship between information and communication technology and sustainability in urban development. Therefore, information and communication technology as the main component of the information society should be taken into consideration in sustainable development. In

M. Navabakhsh; M. Motlaq

2009-01-01

348

Stochastic Resonance and Information Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A dynamical system giving rise to multiple steady states and subjected to noise and a periodic forcing is analyzed from the standpoint of information theory. It is shown that stochastic resonance has a clearcut signature on information entropy, information transfer and other related quantities characterizing information transduction within the system.

Nicolis, C.

2014-12-01

349

Information Technology Assessment Study: Executive Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an IT infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology and the findings and recommendations of OSS IT users and providers are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

350

Careers in Information and Security Technologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive activity produced for Teachers' Domain investigates three possible career paths in information and security technologies: administration, development, and integration. Explore each path to learn more about the education and experience required for particular jobs such as computer support specialist, network and systems administrator, computer security specialist, database administrator, computer technician, computer hardware engineer, computer software engineer, computer training specialist, computer systems analyst, and network engineer. The interactive is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions.

351

Proprioceptive information processing in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

This doctoral thesis focuses on brain activity in response to proprioceptive stimulation in schizophrenia. The works encompass methodological developments substantiated by investigations of healthy volunteers and two clinical studies of schizophrenia spectrum patients. American psychiatrist Sandor Rado (1890-1972) suggested that one of two un-reducible deficits in schizophrenia was a disorder of proprioception. Exploration of proprioceptive information processing is possible through the measurement of evoked and event related potentials. Event related EEG can be analyzed as conventional time-series averages or as oscillatory averages transformed into the frequency domain. Gamma activity evoked by electricity or by another type of somatosensory stimulus has not been reported before in schizophrenia. Gamma activity is considered to be a manifestation of perceptual integration. A new load stimulus was constructed that stimulated the proprioceptive dimension of recognition of applied force. This load stimulus was tested both in simple and several types of more complex stimulus paradigms, with and without tasks, in total in 66 healthy volunteers. The evoked potential (EP) resulting from the load stimulus was named the proprioceptive EP. The later components of the proprioceptive EP (> 150 ms) were modulated similarly to previously reported electrical somatosensory EPs by repetition and cognitive task. The earlier activity was further investigated through decomposition of the time-frequency transformed data by a new non-negative matrix analysis, and previous research and visual inspection validated these results. Several time-frequency components emerged in the proprioceptive EP. The contra-lateral parietal gamma component (60-70 ms; 30-41 Hz) had not previously been described in the somatosensory modality without electrical stimulation. The parietal beta component (87-103 ms; 19-22 Hz) was increased when the proprioceptive stimulus appeared in a predictable sequence in several runs of recording. Although the experimental paradigm had inherent confounders, it was suggested that the increase observed in the predictable situation, in healthy subjects, was due to priming of the somatosensory cortex through top-down modulation. The proprioceptive EP was investigated in two different samples of a total of 30 schizophrenia spectrum patients. The left contra-lateral parietal cortical activity 60-120 ms following the load stimulus was affected in both samples. In the first experiment a delay was observed and in the second experiment diminished amplitude and trial-to-trial phase consistency of high frequency (18-45 Hz) activity. Both effects were interpreted as a consequence of diminished precision of activation of the left somatosensory cortex and it was suggested to be in accordance with two theories of schizophrenic information processing: the theory of deficiency of corollary discharge and the theory of weakening of the influence of past regularities. No gating deficiency was observed and the imprecision and amplitude attenuation was not a general phenomenon across the entire brain response. Summing up, in support of Rado's hypothesis, schizophrenia spectrum patients demonstrated abnormalities in proprioceptive information processing. Future work needs to extend the findings in larger un-medicated, non-chronic, patient samples and investigate the connection between schizophrenic symptoms, perception and attenuation of the proprioceptive EP. PMID:22381098

Arnfred, Sidse M H

2012-03-01

352

Information Technology Support in the 8000 Directorate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

My summer internship was spent supporting various projects within the Environmental Management Office and Glenn Safety Office. Mentored by Eli Abumeri, I was trained in areas of Information Technology such as: Servers, printers, scanners, CAD systems, Web, Programming, and Database Management, ODIN (networking, computers, and phones). I worked closely with the Chemical Sampling and Analysis Team (CSAT) to redesign a database to more efficiently manage and maintain data collected for the Drinking Water Program. This Program has been established for over fifteen years here at the Glenn Research Center. It involves the continued testing and retesting of all drinking water dispensers. The quality of the drinking water is of great importance and is determined by comparing the concentration of contaminants in the water with specifications set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its 1986 and 1991 amendments. The Drinking Water Program consists of periodic testing of all drinking water fountains and sinks. Each is tested at least once every 2 years for contaminants and naturally occurring species. The EPA's protocol is to collect an initial and a 5 minute draw from each dispenser. The 5 minute draw is what is used for the maximum contaminant level. However, the CS&AT has added a 30 second draw since most individuals do not run the water 5 minutes prior to drinking. This data is then entered into a relational Microsoft Access database. The database allows for the quick retrieval of any test@) done on any dispenser. The data can be queried by building number, date or test type, and test results are documented in an analytical report for employees to read. To aid with the tracking of recycled materials within the lab, my help was enlisted to create a database that could make this process less cumbersome and more efficient. The date of pickup, type of material, weight received, and unit cost per recyclable. This information could then calculate the dollar amount generated by the recycling of certain materials. This database will ultimately prove useful in determining the amounts of materials consumed by the lab and will help serve as an indicator potential overuse.

2004-01-01

353

An On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology selection for integrated testing. OTIS will provide a formalized, well-organized protocol to communicate thorough, accurate, current and relevant technology information between the hands-on technology developer and the ALS Community. The need for this type of information transfer system within the Solid Waste Management (SWM) element was recently identified and addressed. A SWM Technology Information Form (TIF) was developed specifically for collecting detailed technology information in the area of SWM. In the TIF, information is requested from SWM technology developers, based upon the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Basic information is requested for low-TRL technologies, and more detailed information is requested as the TRL of the technology increases. A comparable form is also being developed for the wastewater processing element. In the future, similar forms will also be developed for the ALS elements of air revitalization, food processing, biomass production and thermal control. These ALS element-specific forms will be implemented in OTIS via a web-accessible interface,with the data stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQLTM) located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed research and development investment, thereby promoting technology through the TRL scale. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of programmatic needs.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

354

Information Access and Natural Language Processing: A Stimulating Dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the interplay between the requirements of information seekers to access information in large digital\\u000a text collections and the techniques developed by natural language processing researchers to support this access. In particular\\u000a we examine how language processing technologies such as question answering, single and multidocument summarisation, and ontology-guided\\u000a similar event searching can assist journalists in gathering

Robert Gaizauskas; Horacio Saggion; Emma Barker

355

Providing access: The difference between sharing and just reporting geographical information systems and engineering information/information technology organizational data  

SciTech Connect

The concept for Corporate computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided engineering (CAE)/geographical information systems (GIS) and engineering information (EI)/ information technology (IT), and the sharing of this information is becoming popular as organizations flatten (or perhaps become more hollow) and as their functions merge into processes. However, not much is known about information sharing: why sharing happens, whit it does not, how much sharing is desirable, and how to manage it. This paper takes a look at these important issues.

Norton, F.J.

1996-06-10

356

On-line Technology Information System (OTIS): Solid Waste Management Technology Information Form (SWM TIF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contents include the following: What is OTIS? OTIS use. Proposed implementation method. Development history of the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Technology Information Form (TIF) and OTIS. Current development state of the SWM TIF and OTIS. Data collection approach. Information categories. Critiques/questions/feedback.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriguez, Luis

2003-01-01

357

Information technology: passport to the future.  

PubMed

Health care information in this millennium will become increasingly digital and electronically available. To keep pace and survive, occupational health leaders must determine the appropriate information technology strategy for their organization. The development and implementation of an electronic medical record can only be accomplished through a team effort that includes: management support to secure the necessary funding; participation of users to determine the application requirements and design; information systems expertise availability; and user education to ensure acceptance. The implementation of an electronic medical record is a journey, not a project, and it is the beginning of the organization's information infrastructure. Benefits include: increased staff efficiency with electronic versus paper folders; legible written documentation; multiple accessibility of medical records to authorized users; reduced potential for record loss/misfiling; and the ability to operate remotely and take advantage of more advanced technologies in the future. Occupational health staff must have the necessary computer applications on their desktops to increase their skills and enhance productivity. PMID:11881624

Mangiameli, R; Boseman, J

2000-05-01

358

Improving information technology to maximize fenestration energyefficiency  

SciTech Connect

Improving software for the analysis of fenestration product energy efficiency and developing related information technology products that aid in optimizing the use of fenestration products for energy efficiency are essential steps toward ensuring that more efficient products are developed and that existing and emerging products are utilized in the applications where they will produce the greatest energy savings. Given the diversity of building types and designs and the climates in the U.S., no one fenestration product or set of properties is optimal for all applications. Future tools and procedures to analyze fenestration product energy efficiency will need to both accurately analyze fenestration product performance under a specific set of conditions and to look at whole fenestration product energy performance over the course of a yearly cycle and in the context of whole buildings. Several steps have already been taken toward creating fenestration product software that will provide the information necessary to determine which details of a fenestration product's design can be improved to have the greatest impact on energy efficiency, what effects changes in fenestration product design will have on the comfort parameters that are important to consumers, and how specific fenestration product designs will perform in specific applications. Much work remains to be done, but the energy savings potential justifies the effort. Information is relatively cheap compared to manufacturing. Information technology has already been responsible for many improvements in the global economy--it can similarly facilitate many improvements in fenestration product energy efficiency.

Arasteh, Dariush; Mitchell, Robin; Kohler, Christian; Huizenga,Charlie; Curcija, Dragan

2001-06-06

359

Information processing in miniature brains.  

PubMed

Since a comprehensive understanding of brain function and evolution in vertebrates is often hobbled by the sheer size of the nervous system, as well as ethical concerns, major research efforts have been made to understand the neural circuitry underpinning behaviour and cognition in invertebrates, and its costs and benefits under natural conditions. This special feature of Proceedings of the Royal Society B contains an idiosyncratic range of current research perspectives on neural underpinnings and adaptive benefits (and costs) of such diverse phenomena as spatial memory, colour vision, attention, spontaneous behaviour initiation, memory dynamics, relational rule learning and sleep, in a range of animals from marine invertebrates with exquisitely simple nervous systems to social insects forming societies with many thousands of individuals working together as a 'superorganism'. This introduction provides context and history to tie the various approaches together, and concludes that there is an urgent need to understand the full neuron-to-neuron circuitry underlying various forms of information processing-not just to explore brain function comprehensively, but also to understand how (and how easily) cognitive capacities might evolve in the face of pertinent selection pressures. In the invertebrates, reaching these goals is becoming increasingly realistic. PMID:21227971

Chittka, L; Skorupski, P

2011-03-22

360

Information processing in miniature brains  

PubMed Central

Since a comprehensive understanding of brain function and evolution in vertebrates is often hobbled by the sheer size of the nervous system, as well as ethical concerns, major research efforts have been made to understand the neural circuitry underpinning behaviour and cognition in invertebrates, and its costs and benefits under natural conditions. This special feature of Proceedings of the Royal Society B contains an idiosyncratic range of current research perspectives on neural underpinnings and adaptive benefits (and costs) of such diverse phenomena as spatial memory, colour vision, attention, spontaneous behaviour initiation, memory dynamics, relational rule learning and sleep, in a range of animals from marine invertebrates with exquisitely simple nervous systems to social insects forming societies with many thousands of individuals working together as a ‘superorganism’. This introduction provides context and history to tie the various approaches together, and concludes that there is an urgent need to understand the full neuron-to-neuron circuitry underlying various forms of information processing—not just to explore brain function comprehensively, but also to understand how (and how easily) cognitive capacities might evolve in the face of pertinent selection pressures. In the invertebrates, reaching these goals is becoming increasingly realistic. PMID:21227971

Chittka, L.; Skorupski, P.

2011-01-01

361

ITL Bulletins are published by the Information Technology Laboratory  

E-print Network

Intrusion Detection Systems, July 2003 IT Security Metrics, August 2003 Information Technology Security Security Considerations in the Information System Development Life Cycle, December 2003 Computer Security Standard (FIPS) 199, Standards for Security Categorization of Federal Information and Information Systems

362

Banner Job Installation Security Form Office of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Banner Job Installation Security Form Office of Information Technology 424 Roy S. Nicks Hall, Box: ______________________________ Job Description: ______________________________ Section 3. Security Information Banner Module __________________________ ____________ __________________________ ____________ Information Systems Analyst Date Director of Information Systems Date Attach this form to the Administrative

Karsai, Istvan

363

Health Information Technology in Oncology Practice: A Literature Review  

PubMed Central

The adoption and implementation of information technology are dramatically remodeling healthcare services all over the world, resulting in an unstoppable and sometimes overwhelming process. After the introduction of the main elements of electronic health records and a description of what every cancer-care professional should be familiar with, we present a narrative review focusing on the current use of computerized clinical information and decision systems in oncology practice. Following a detailed analysis of the many coveted goals that oncologists have reached while embracing informatics progress, the authors suggest how to overcome the main obstacles for a complete physicians’ engagement and for a full information technology adoption, and try to forecast what the future holds. PMID:25506195

Fasola, G; Macerelli, M; Follador, A; Rihawi, K; Aprile, G; Mea, V Della

2014-01-01

364

Advances in resist technology and processing V  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings discuss the technology and processing advances made in the resist materials. The topics included are: Mid-UV photoresists combining chemical amplification and dissolution inhibition; new photoactive compounds for deep-UV lithography; contrast-enhancement materials for mid-UV applications; materials for CMOS and bipolar circuits; effects of ion bombardment in oxygen plasma etching; silicone-based positive photoresist; and ion-etching properties of polysilane polysilane copolymers.

MacDonald, S.A.

1988-01-01

365

New technologies and applications of EDM process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the Faculty of Machine Building from the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania unconventional technologies researches\\u000a were performed for 20 years. The team focused on national research projects referring to micro machining and special applications.\\u000a EDM process (Electric Discharge Machining) has a great importance to the industry. Even if it never be able to compete with\\u000a the metal cutting manufacturing

Marcel Sabin Popa; Glad Contiu; Grigore Pop; Preja Dan

2009-01-01

366

Documentation of the Informed Consent Process  

E-print Network

Documentation of the Informed Consent Process USC Office for the Protection of Research Subjects (OPRS) #12;Session Overview Highlights: · Purpose of Informed Consent (IC) · IC Process #12;Purpose of Informed Consent Consent ("autonomy" from the Belmont Report) · Protects human subjects

Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

367

Natural language processing-based COTS software and related technologies survey.  

SciTech Connect

Natural language processing-based knowledge management software, traditionally developed for security organizations, is now becoming commercially available. An informal survey was conducted to discover and examine current NLP and related technologies and potential applications for information retrieval, information extraction, summarization, categorization, terminology management, link analysis, and visualization for possible implementation at Sandia National Laboratories. This report documents our current understanding of the technologies, lists software vendors and their products, and identifies potential applications of these technologies.

Stickland, Michael G.; Conrad, Gregory N.; Eaton, Shelley M.

2003-09-01

368

Director of Information Technology Franklin College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

Director of Information Technology Franklin College of Arts and Sciences The University of Georgia The Franklin College of Arts and Sciences is seeking a Director of Information Technology. This position leads the Franklin College

Arnold, Jonathan

369

A preliminary study of current multimedia information technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper surveys more than 70 articles published in the IEEE Multimedia journal and other journals. The survey summarizes aspects of multimedia information technology and categorizes application areas of multimedia information technology and interesting research areas related to it.

Lee, J.C.

1997-03-01

370

Policy 3505 Information Technology Security 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

of payment application security requirements designed to ensure the confidentiality and integrityPolicy 3505 ­ Information Technology Security 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY University Policy Policy #3505 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY POLICY Responsible Oversight Executive: Vice President

371

48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000 Section 311.7000...Accessibility Standards 311.7000 Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS staff that...

2010-10-01

372

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security,  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Information Access. By using VPN technology with personal equipment, users acknowledge that their computers are a de facto, disciplinary action, suspension, termination of employment, dismissal from the University, and legal action

Gering, Jon C.

373

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security  

E-print Network

department. Standardization of Technology The University benefits from maintaining, within reasonITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security STATUS: Approved POLICY for Acquisition Standardization of Technology Credit Card Equipment (Hardware and Software) Copyright and License

Gering, Jon C.

374

Information technology in primary health care.  

PubMed

Appropriate application of information technology in primary health care will extend traditional diagnosis and patient management beyond the doctor's clinic into the everyday living environment. We describe a model of information management in primary health care, and place special emphasis on the emerging areas of clinical decision support, computerised clinical measurements, patient education and network connectivity. Briefly discussed is the design of innovative home monitoring techniques and a telemedicine based communications infrastructure that should improve access to high quality primary health care for all citizens, irrespective of their distance from major urban centres. A preliminary design for a telemedicine-assisted primary health care network is presented, based on this model of information management. The premise is that improvements in health care services and reductions in health care costs can be effected by establishing a continuum of patient care from the patient's home, to the doctor's surgery, to speciality services in hospitals and to other service providers in the health care sector. While, the proposal focuses on new opportunities arising from the imminent introduction of broad band interactive fibre optic networks throughout Australia, the technology and projected data transfers could easily be handled in the short-term using modem access to the standard telephone network. A simple connectivity scheme for system integration is also presented. PMID:10471237

Lovell, N H; Celler, B G

1999-07-01

375

Mathematics of Information Processing and the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mathematics of information processing and the Internet can be organized around four fundamental themes: (1) access (finding information easily); (2) security (keeping information confidential); (3) accuracy (ensuring accurate information); and (4) efficiency (data compression). In this article, the author discusses each theme with reference to…

Hart, Eric W.

2010-01-01

376

Techno-Human Mesh: The Growing Power of Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the intersection of information technologies, power, people, and bodies. It explores how information technologies are on a path of creating efficiency, productivity, profitability, surveillance, and control, and looks at the ways in which human-machine interface technologies, such as wearable computers, biometric technologies,…

West, Cynthia K.

377

Information Technology Training in India toward Globalization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes Toshiba?s training program in Information Technology in India. It is not a simple technology training, but a training for globalization of Japanese engineers so that they can cope with people from different culture and business practices. We first describe why such training program became necessary. We then describe how the training courses and contents are developed. The operation of the training program and our effort in continual improvement are explained. The effectiveness of the program is also evaluated. The training program presented is a first in its kind and we believe that it can contribute to changing Toshiba from inside toward more globalized corporation. We also believe that this kind of overseas training is effective in training young students so that they can cope with globalizing society after graduation.

Yamashita, Katsuhiko

378

Information Technology Student: Computer Programming & Support  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, learn how exploring an interest in computers can lead to a new career. After taking, and enjoying, an online course, Hilda Villavicencio decided to study computer programming and information technology (IT) at community college. Students who attend an IT program learn how computers function, so that whether they go into networking, technical support, or any other branch of IT, they bring a solid understanding of computer systems and how to maintain them. Hilda interns at the computer help-desk at her school where she uses what she's learning in the classroom to help others. She explains where she'd like to be in five years, and how her degree will take her there.The video runs 3:12 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

379

Fostering Information and Communication Technology Literacy: Insights from Telecommunications Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author argues that the rapid growth of information and communication technologies and an increasingly complex global environment have brought about the need for information and communication technology (ICT) literacy, the ability to use information technology effectively and evaluate its role in society critically. She presents a strategy for…

Winter, Jenifer S.

2007-01-01

380

Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature Erik Brynjolfsson Shinkyu Yang for numerous valuable comments. #12;Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature Erik Brynjolfsson Shinkyu Yang Abstract During the 1980s, the relationship between information technology (IT

381

The Technology Ownership and Information Acquisition Habits of HBCU Freshmen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract In a world of expanding information and technological resources, there is increasingly a need for a citizenry that is able to access and use information and technology effectively (American Li- brary Association, 2000). An information and technologically literate person should have access to, and be able to use, a host of available resources that include libraries, databases, and the

Nicole A. Buzzetto-More; Retta Sweat-Guy

2007-01-01

382

AGU, December 2004 Information Technology in Science (ITS)  

E-print Network

1 AGU, December 2004 Information Technology in Science (ITS) Center for Teaching and Learning Loving1,2, and Janie Schielack2 1Teaching, Learning and Culture, 5Information Technology in Science (ITSImpact of information technology on learning and teaching science and mathematicsscience and mathematics Participants

Herbert, Bruce

383

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

384

[No exchange of information without technology : modern infrastructure in radiology].  

PubMed

Modern radiology cannot accomplish the daily numbers of examinations without supportive technology. Even though technology seems to be becoming increasingly more indispensable, business continuity should be ensured at any time and if necessary even with a limited technical infrastructure by business continuity management. An efficient information security management system forms the basis. The early radiology information systems were islands of information processing. A modern radiology department must be able to be modularly integrated into an informational network of a bigger organization. The secondary use of stored data for clinical decision-making support poses new challenges for the integrity of the data or systems because medical knowledge is displayed and provided in a context of treatment. In terms of imaging the creation and distribution radiology services work in a fully digital manner which is often different for radiology reports. Legally secure electronic diagnostic reports require a complex technical infrastructure; therefore, diagnostic findings still need to be filed as a paper document. The internal exchange and an improved dose management can be simplified by systems which continuously and automatically record the doses and thus provide the possibility of permanent analysis and reporting. Communication between patient and radiologist will gain ongoing importance. Intelligent use of technology will convey this to the radiologist and it will facilitate the understanding of the information by the patient. PMID:24402723

Hupperts, H; Hermann, K-G A

2014-01-01

385

Advanced Technology Composite Fuselage - Materials and Processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of Boeing's Advanced Technology Composite Aircraft Structures (ATCAS) program was to develop the technology required for cost and weight efficient use of composite materials in transport fuselage structure. This contractor report describes results of material and process selection, development, and characterization activities. Carbon fiber reinforced epoxy was chosen for fuselage skins and stiffening elements and for passenger and cargo floor structures. The automated fiber placement (AFP) process was selected for fabrication of monolithic and sandwich skin panels. Circumferential frames and window frames were braided and resin transfer molded (RTM'd). Pultrusion was selected for fabrication of floor beams and constant section stiffening elements. Drape forming was chosen for stringers and other stiffening elements. Significant development efforts were expended on the AFP, braiding, and RTM processes. Sandwich core materials and core edge close-out design concepts were evaluated. Autoclave cure processes were developed for stiffened skin and sandwich structures. The stiffness, strength, notch sensitivity, and bearing/bypass properties of fiber-placed skin materials and braided/RTM'd circumferential frame materials were characterized. The strength and durability of cocured and cobonded joints were evaluated. Impact damage resistance of stiffened skin and sandwich structures typical of fuselage panels was investigated. Fluid penetration and migration mechanisms for sandwich panels were studied.

Scholz, D. B.; Dost, E. F.; Flynn, B. W.; Ilcewicz, L. B.; Nelson, K. M.; Sawicki, A. J.; Walker, T. H.; Lakes, R. S.

1997-01-01

386

Pyro-processing Technology Development in Japan  

SciTech Connect

Metal fuel cycle with pyro-processing technology has another potential different from oxide fuel cycle with aqueous process. In addition to the advantage of metal fuel fast reactor, such as achieving a high breeding ratio over 1.3, the pyro-processing with metal electrorefining expects that no additional process is required to separate minor actinides and no organic solvent that degrades by radiation and acid is utilized. 'Feasibility Study on Commercialized Fast Reactor (FR) Cycle Systems' in Japan selected the metal fuel fast reactor fuel cycle with metal-electrorefining as the sub-system for future development. CRIEPI has been involving on R and D of pyro-processing technology with metal-electrorefining since 1980's and followed JAERI, that orients to apply on the treatment of spent target with nitride fuel for ADS, and JNC, currently merged to JAEA, and, then, wider collaboration started among CRIEPI/JAERI/JNC. The series verification of process starting with MOX pellets have produced U-Pu alloy after distillation through reduction and electrorefining at the facility installed in Tokai, JAEA. The metal fuel fabrication has started from the stage of U-Pu alloy fabrication from UO{sub 2} and PuO{sub 2} mixture by electrochemical reduction, and currently succeeds to produce a fuel slag of U-Pu-Zr of 30 cm by injection casting in Oarai, JAEA. The alloys are scheduled to irradiate in JOYO fast reactor core. The development of engineering model of electro-refiner and electrochemical reduction device has successfully conducted by use of UO{sub 2} with kg scale. In addition to domestic R and Ds, pyro-processing verification with genuine material is proceeding in the joint study of CRIEPI/ITU. TRU is extracted into cadmium from chloride prepared from HLLW through denitration by reductive extraction in a caisson installed in a hot cell, and, then, electrorefining by use of PHENIX-irradiated metal fuel with minor actinides is scheduled. Thus, the R and D on pyro-processing technology with metal electrorefining is steadily progressed in Japan from the points of flow-sheet verification and engineering scale application. (authors)

Inoue, Tadashi; Koyama, Tadafumi [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, CRIEPI, 2-11-1, Iwato-Kita, Komae-shi, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan); Myochin, Munetaka [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4-33 Muramatsu, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1194 (Japan); Arai, Yasuo [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirane Shirakata, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)

2007-07-01

387

An Exploratory Analysis of Individual Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information-processing is an integral part of decision-making; yet the state of knowledge concerning the individual problem solver in his role as an information-processor is limited. This paper presents a conceptual framework for examining individual, task-oriented information-processing as a multi-stage process. Relationships between variables in the model are investigated at a research site which provides a number of the advantages of

David W. Cravens

1970-01-01

388

Improving Modern Cancer Care Through Information Technology  

PubMed Central

The cancer care system is increasingly complex, marked by multiple hand-offs between primary care and specialty providers, inadequate communication among providers, and lack of clarity about a “medical home” (the ideal accountable care provider) for cancer patients. Patients and families often cite such difficulties as information deficits, uncoordinated care, and insufficient psychosocial support. This article presents a review of the challenges of delivering well coordinated, patient-centered cancer care in a complex modern healthcare system. An examination is made of the potential role of information technology (IT) advances to help both providers and patients. Using the published literature as background, a review is provided of selected work that is underway to improve communication, coordination, and quality of care. Also discussed are additional challenges and opportunities to advancing understanding of how patient data, provider and patient involvement, and informatics innovations can support high-quality cancer care. PMID:21521595

Clauser, Steven B.; Wagner, Edward H.; Bowles, Erin J. Aiello; Tuzzio, Leah; Greene, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

389

[Information and communication technologies in nursing].  

PubMed

The application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in nursing is an integral part of the educational curriculum at the university graduate level of nursing, but also part of scientific and professional meetings on nursing informatics. As part of seminars, students are obliged to choose e-health topics from their working environment, to show them and discuss with colleagues. The same is happening at meeting on nursing informatics. Selected papers on the issue are chosen to cover information literacy of nurses, examples of e-nursing, ICT infrastructure, the possible future developments and organizational aspects of e-health at healthcare institutions. Among others, special attention is paid to improving the quality of work in nursing. PMID:24979889

Kern, Josipa

2014-03-01

390

[Ethical reflection on multidisciplinarity and confidentiality of information in medical imaging through new information and communication technologies].  

PubMed

Technological advances in medical imaging has resulted in the exponential increase of the number of images per examination, caused the irreversible decline of the silver film and imposed digital imaging. This digitization is a concept whose levels of development are multiple, reflecting the complexity of this process of technological change. Under these conditions, the use of medical information via new information and communication technologies is at the crossroads of several scientific approaches and several disciplines (medicine, ethics, law, economics, psychology, etc.) surrounding the information systems in health, doctor-patient relationship and concepts that are associated. Each day, these new information and communication technologies open up new horizons and the space of possibilities, spectacularly developing access to information and knowledge. In this perspective of digital technology emergence impacting the multidisciplinary use of health information systems, the ethical questions are numerous, especially on the preservation of privacy, confidentiality and security of medical data, and their accessibility and integrity. PMID:22521872

Béranger, J; Le Coz, P

2012-05-01

391

Healthcare Information Technology Infrastructures in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe some of the major healthcare information technology (IT) infrastructures in Turkey, namely, Sa?l?k-Net (Turkish for “Health-Net”), the Centralized Hospital Appointment System, the Basic Health Statistics Module, the Core Resources Management System, and the e-prescription system of the Social Security Institution. International collaboration projects that are integrated with Sa?l?k-Net are also briefly summarized. Methods The authors provide a survey of the some of the major healthcare IT infrastructures in Turkey. Results Sa?l?k-Net has two main components: the National Health Information System (NHIS) and the Family Medicine Information System (FMIS). The NHIS is a nation-wide infrastructure for sharing patients’ Electronic Health Records (EHRs). So far, EHRs of 78.9 million people have been created in the NHIS. Similarly, family medicine is operational in the whole country via FMIS. Centralized Hospital Appointment System enables the citizens to easily make appointments in healthcare providers. Basic Health Statistics Module is used for collecting information about the health status, risks and indicators across the country. Core Resources Management System speeds up the flow of information between the headquarters and Provincial Health Directorates. The e-prescription system is linked with Sa?l?k-Net and seamlessly integrated with the healthcare provider information systems. Finally, Turkey is involved in several international projects for experience sharing and disseminating national developments. Conclusion With the introduction of the “Health Transformation Program” in 2003, a number of successful healthcare IT infrastructures have been developed in Turkey. Currently, work is going on to enhance and further improve their functionality. PMID:24853036

Yuksel, M.; Ertürkmen, G. L.; Kabak, Y.; Namli, T.; Y?ld?z, M. H.; Ay, Y.; Ceyhan, B.; Hülür, Ü.; Öztürk, H.; Atbakan, E.

2014-01-01

392

Global and Analytical Ways of Processing Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analytical thinkers process information sequentially, use induction and abstraction, and are objective. Global thinkers process simultaneously and are deductive, concrete, and subjective. The challenge is to match teaching to learners' strengths. (SK)

Flannery, Daniele D.

1993-01-01

393

Ethics of IT professionals David Keil Information Technology and Society 1/08 Information Technology and Society  

E-print Network

Ethics of IT professionals David Keil Information Technology and Society 1/08 Information Technology and Society Topic 7: Ethi f ITEthics of IT professionals 1. Professional ethics David Keil Information Technology and Society 1/08 1 2. Ethics of IT professionals 3. Some ethical-choice scenarios 1

Keil, David M.

394

Innovation Value of Information Technology: Impact of Information Technology--Intensity on Innovation Capability and Firm Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though information technology adoptions have been always referred to as innovations in firms, much of the business value literature has concentrated on the tangible and immediately measurable impacts of information technology (IT) adoptions. This study aims to explore the impact of information technology investments on the innovativeness of a…

Ramamani, Mahesh Kumar

2010-01-01

395

Using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to the Maximum: Learning and Teaching Biology with Limited Digital Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The ubiquity, availability and exponential growth of digital information and communication technology (ICT) creates unique opportunities for learning and teaching in the senior secondary school biology curriculum. Digital technologies make it possible for emerging disciplinary knowledge and understanding of biological processes

Van Rooy, Wilhelmina S.

2012-01-01

396

Leverage2: interfunctional co-ordination between logistics and information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a conceptual framework and a set of research hypotheses that are intended to help explain the interfunctional co-ordination between the logistics and information technology functions. Much has been written over the past decade regarding the strategic potential of the logistics and information technology functions for creating customer value, process efficiencies, and differential advantage for the firm. Additionally, the interrelationships

John L. Kent

1996-01-01

397

Information Technology and the Curriculum: A Status Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology infuses all aspects of modern life, and the growth of digital information continues at an unprecedented rate. Widely influential documents, such as the National Research Council's "Being Fluent with Information Technology" and the American Library Association's "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher…

Perry, Claudia A.

2004-01-01

398

Page 1 of 2 Policy Name: Information Technology (IT) Security  

E-print Network

is accountable for securing the core campus network, enterprise IT systems and information assets. Using riskPage 1 of 2 Policy Name: Information Technology (IT) Security Originating/Responsible Department Information Officer (CIO) Policy: Information Technology (IT) Security Purpose: The purpose of this Policy

Carleton University

399

An information Grid-based model for sharing water pollution control and prevention technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though water pollution control and prevention technologies have made a great progress, most polluting enterprises even have never heard of them, not to mention use them. So we design an technologies sharing model based on information Grid, and focus our discussion on the process of searching and invoking the wanted technologies with mobile agents.

Wang Minghu; Gao Zhenji; Xu Chunlian; Huang Haiming

2010-01-01

400

Collaborative Signal and Information Processing: An Information-Directed Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes information-based ap- proaches to processing and organizing spatially distributed, multi-modal sensor data in a sensor network. Energy con- strained networked sensing systems must rely on collabora- tive signal and information processing (CSIP) to dynami- cally allocate resources, maintain multiple sensing foci, and attend to new stimuli of interest, all based on task require- ments and resource constraints.

Zhao Feng; Jie Liu; Juan Julia Liu; Leonidas J. Guibas; James Reich

2003-01-01

401

Advanced communications technologies for image processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is essential for image analysts to have the capability to link to remote facilities as a means of accessing both data bases and high-speed processors. This can increase productivity through enhanced data access and minimization of delays. New technology is emerging to provide the high communication data rates needed in image processing. These developments include multi-user sharing of high bandwidth (60 megabits per second) Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) satellite links, low-cost satellite ground stations, and high speed adaptive quadrature modems that allow 9600 bit per second communications over voice-grade telephone lines.

Likens, W. C.; Jones, H. W.; Shameson, L.

1984-01-01

402

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Privacy,  

E-print Network

ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Privacy, Information Access University (University) functions that are: a) stored on University information systems, b) maintained & Management STATUS: Interim Approved POLICY TITLE: Data Security Policy POLICY PURPOSE: This policy serves

Gering, Jon C.

403

Standards Advisor-Advanced Information Technology for Advanced Information Delivery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Developers of space systems must deal with an increasing amount of information in responding to extensive requirements and standards from numerous sources. Accessing these requirements and standards, understanding them, comparing them, negotiating them and responding to them is often an overwhelming task. There are resources to aid the space systems developer, such as lessons learned and best practices. Again, though, accessing, understanding, and using this information is often more difficult than helpful. This results in space systems that: 1. Do not meet all their requirements. 2. Do not incorporate prior engineering experience. 3. Cost more to develop. 4. Take longer to develop. The NASA Technical Standards Program (NTSP) web site at http://standards.nasa.gov has made significant improvements in making standards, lessons learned, and related material available to space systems developers agency-wide. The Standards Advisor was conceived to take the next steps beyond the current product, continuing to apply evolving information technology that continues to improve information delivery to space systems developers. This report describes the features of the Standards Advisor and suggests a technical approach to its development.

Hawker, J. Scott

2003-01-01

404

Quantum Information Processing in Strongly Detuned Optical Cavities  

E-print Network

We demonstrate that quantum information processing can be implemented with ions trapped in a far detuned optical cavity. For sufficiently large detuning the system becomes insensitive to cavity decay. Following recent experimental progress, this scheme can be implemented with currently available technology.

E. Jane; M. B. Plenio; D. Jonathan

2001-11-27

405

Focus on Measurement-Based Quantum Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last two decades have witnessed the rapid growth of quantum information processing as an active field of multidisciplinary science and technology. Tremendous theoretical and experimental progress has been made in quantum communication and quantum computation, and it seems clear that some of this progress will soon result in practical applications outside the laboratory.Quantum computation aims to build a quantum

Terry Rudolph; Jian-Wei Pan

2007-01-01

406

Technological frames: making sense of information technology in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we build on and extend research into the cognitions and values of users and designers by proposing a systematic approach for examining the underlying assumptions, expectations, and knowledge that people have about technology. Such interpretations of technology (which we call technological frames) are central to understanding technological development, use, and change in organizations. We suggest that where

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Debra C. Gash

1994-01-01

407

Information and Communication Technology and Education: Analysing the Nigerian National Policy for Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an analysis of the Nigerian National Policy for Information Technology. The analysis reveals that the policy is inadequate to impact positively on the Nigerian education system, and that the philosophical frame of reference is market driven. The policy places little emphasis on the integration and infusion of ICT in the…

Yusuf, Mudasiru Olalere

2005-01-01

408

Information technology in secondary schools and its impact on training information technology teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are concerns about the teaching and learning of information technology (IT) in English state secondary schools (ages 11-18 years), and the way IT resources and the curriculum are organised. These circumstances affect students who are training to be IT teachers when they are on teaching placement in secondary schools. They may find that the curriculum model used in one

Roger Crawford

2000-01-01

409

Cognitive Systems Foundations of Information Processing  

E-print Network

1 Cognitive Systems Foundations of Information Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems 2010 Cognition 8 Information Processing Paradigm Assumptions: · Cognition can be understood as a sequence Cognitive Systems 1: Topics · Perception · Memory and Reasoning · Learning and Action · Communication 3

Bremen, Universität

410

Information Processing in Python School COMSC  

E-print Network

Information Processing in Python School COMSC The aim of this module is to introduce techniques to extract, store and process information using the Python programming language. To achieve this, students Language of module delivery English On completion of the module a student will be able to: · Use Python

Martin, Ralph R.

411

Using CASE to Exploit Process Modeling in Technology Transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A successful business will be one that has processes in place to run that business. Creating processes, reengineering processes, and continually improving processes can be accomplished through extensive modeling. Casewise(R) Corporate Modeler(TM) CASE is a computer aided software engineering tool that will enable the Technology Transfer Department (TT) at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to capture these abilities. After successful implementation of CASE, it could then go on to be applied in other departments at MSFC and other centers at NASA. The success of a business process is dependent upon the players working as a team and continuously improving the process. A good process fosters customer satisfaction as well as internal satisfaction in the organizational infrastructure. CASE provides a method for business process success through functions consisting of systems and processes business models; specialized diagrams; matrix management; simulation; report generation and publishing; and, linking, importing, and exporting documents and files. The software has an underlying repository or database to support these functions. The Casewise. manual informs us that dynamics modeling is a technique used in business design and analysis. Feedback is used as a tool for the end users and generates different ways of dealing with the process. Feedback on this project resulted from collection of issues through a systems analyst interface approach of interviews with process coordinators and Technical Points of Contact (TPOCs).

Renz-Olar, Cheryl

2003-01-01

412

Kathy Thomas Brock's Information Intermediary Process Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Brock's Information Intermediary Process Model, which focuses on the role of the library media specialist as information intermediary. Highlights include information seeking and use; use of the model by teachers and librarians as well as their collaborative roles; guidelines for use of the model; and problem solving and use of time. (LRW)

Oberg, Dianne

2003-01-01

413

75 FR 32472 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Standards Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Standards...the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology AGENCY: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS....

2010-06-08

414

14 CFR 1274.937 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. 1274.937 Section...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources July 2002 (a)...

2010-01-01

415

75 FR 57521 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-21

416

76 FR 64386 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-10-18

417

75 FR 55360 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-10

418

77 FR 6825 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2012-02-09

419

75 FR 57079 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-17

420

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

2010-01-01

421

78 FR 77662 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction...

2013-12-24

422

77 FR 43106 - Tribal Consultation Sessions-Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure Consolidation...tribal input on the 2012 Information Technology transformation realignment proposal as well as on how Information Technology transformation should...

2012-07-23

423

77 FR 749 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...and orders that include information technology (IT) supplies, services...January 6, 2012 that include information technology (IT) supplies,...

2012-01-06

424

75 FR 55616 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-13

425

76 FR 18800 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-04-05

426

39 CFR 255.4 - Accessibility to electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Accessibility to electronic and information technology. 255.4 Section 255...FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.4 Accessibility to electronic and information technology. (a) In...

2011-07-01

427

16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

2011-01-01

428

48 CFR 352.239-73 - Electronic information and technology accessibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...provision: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...clause: Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (January...1998, all electronic and information technology (EIT) products and...

2011-10-01

429

The space technology demand on materials and processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space technology requires a rational and accurate policy of materials and processes selection. This paper examines some areas of space technology where materials and process problems have occurred in the past and how they can be solved in the future.

Dauphin, J.

1983-01-01

430

Particle Statistics in Quantum Information Processing  

E-print Network

Particle statistics is a fundamental part of quantum physics, and yet its role and use in the context of quantum information have been poorly explored so far. After briefly introducing particle statistics and the Symmetrization Postulate, I will argue that this fundamental aspect of Nature can be seen as a resource for quantum information processing and I will present examples showing how it is possible to do useful and efficient quantum information processing using only the effects of particles statistics.

Y. Omar

2004-12-29

431

Quantum Information Processing Theory 1 Running head: QUANTUM INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY  

E-print Network

provides new conceptual tools for constructing social and behavioral science theories. Theoretical such as the human cognitive system. Quantum information processing theory postulates a more general method stimulus. Classical information processing theory posits that the cognitive system of the individual

Busemeyer, Jerome R.

432

The Financial Mythology of Information Technology: The New Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A much misunderstood aspect of managing information technology is its economics. Rate of technological advancement is accelerating, demand is intensifying, standards and architectures are changing daily, prices are falling, but total costs are growing. Understanding the economics of information technology is a necessary first step in developing…

Oberlin, John L.

1996-01-01

433

Value Addition in Information Technology and Literacy: An Empirical Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research is to analyze the value addition in students' information communication and technology (ICT) literacy level and confidence in using technology after completing a general education information technology course at a four-year university. An online survey was created to examine students' perceptions. The findings revealed…

Sanghera, Kamaljeet K.

2009-01-01

434

Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) Program Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Program's goal is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communication technologies

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

435

Internet of things technology applied in medical information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet of things technology used in medical information is adopt in this paper. Firstly the structure feature of internet of things technology is researched .Then analyzing the development of EPC System Network, especially Internet of things technology applied in medical information. Therefore the remote consultation System based on internet of things is adopted ,it is helpful to solve the area

Yan-Wei Wang; Hui-Li Yu; Ya Li

2011-01-01

436

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

2008-09-08

437

Information technology and the board of directors.  

PubMed

Ever since the Y2K scare, boards have grown increasingly nervous about corporate dependence on information technology. Since then, computer crashes, denial of service attacks, competitive pressures, and the need to automate compliance with government regulations have heightened board sensitivity to IT risk. Unfortunately, most boards remain largely in the dark when it comes to IT spending and strategy, despite the fact that corporate information assets can account for more than 50% of capital spending. A lack of board oversight for IT activities is dangerous, the authors say. It puts firms at risk in the same way that failing to audit their books would. Companies that have established board-level IT governance committees are better able to control IT project costs and carve out competitive advantage. But there is no one-size-fits-all model for board supervision of a company's IT operations. The correct approach depends on what strategic "mode" a company is in whether its operations are extremely dependent on IT or not, and whether or not it relies heavily on keeping up with the latest technologies. This article spells out the conditions under which boards need to change their level of involvement in IT decisions, explaining how members can recognize their firms' IT risks and decide whether they should pursue more aggressive IT governance. The authors delineate what an IT governance committee should look like in terms of charter, membership, duties, and overall agenda. They also offer recommendations for developing IT policies that take into account an organization's operational and strategic needs and suggest what to do when those needs change. Given the dizzying pace of change in the world of IT, boards can't afford to ignore the state of their IT systems and capabilities. Appropriate board governance can go a long way toward helping a company avoid unnecessary risk and improve its competitive position. PMID:16250628

Nolan, Richard; McFarlan, F Warren

2005-10-01

438

The impact of information technology on histopathology.  

PubMed

Pathology is one of the most computer intensive areas of medicine and as a result diagnostic pathologists in histopathology have often been at the cutting edge of computer literacy. The majority of laboratories use laboratory information systems to issue and store pathology reports. Many of these systems provide the diagnostician with the ability to retrieve reports and cases using coding systems such as SNOMED, but more advanced computer facilities that might assist the pathologist in the diagnosis or interpretation of a case are often lacking. In recent years advances in computer technology have begun to have a much wider impact on the practice of medicine and newer technologies are beginning to find their way into the reporting room. In this review, I cover some of the recent and emerging advances in IT that have the potential to revolutionize the practice of diagnostic histopathology in the next 5 years. The major area of telepathology has been a subject of several recent reviews and will not be covered here. PMID:10632745

Rashbass, J

2000-01-01

439

76 FR 30696 - Technology Evaluation Process  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...program through a Web site portal. Technology areas of interest...The up-to-date technology areas of interest...test data submission Web site. As currently...evaluation listings by technology area. The Web site would...

2011-05-26

440

Information Literacy Education on College of Technology at Kyushu Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, the importance of an engineering education increases by the development of the information technology (IT) . Development of the information literacy education is important to deal with new IT in the education on college of technology. Our group investigated the current state of information literacy education on college of technology at Kyushu area and the secondary education. In addition, we investigated about the talent whom the industrial world requested. From these investigation results, this paper proposed cooperation with the elementary and secondary education, enhancement of intellectual property education, introduction of information ethics education, introduction of career education and enhancement of PBL to information literacy education on college of technology.

Kozono, Kazutake; Ikeda, Naomitsu; Irie, Hiroki; Fujimoto, Yoichi; Oshima, Shunsuke; Murayama, Koichi; Taguchi, Hirotsugu

441

Ramp Technology and Intelligent Processing in Small Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To address the issues of excessive inventories and increasing procurement lead times, the Navy is actively pursuing flexible computer integrated manufacturing (FCIM) technologies, integrated by communication networks to respond rapidly to its requirements for parts. The Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts (RAMP) program, initiated in 1986, is an integral part of this effort. The RAMP program's goal is to reduce the current average production lead times experienced by the Navy's inventory control points by a factor of 90 percent. The manufacturing engineering component of the RAMP architecture utilizes an intelligent processing technology built around a knowledge-based shell provided by ICAD, Inc. Rules and data bases in the software simulate an expert manufacturing planner's knowledge of shop processes and equipment. This expert system can use Product Data Exchange using STEP (PDES) data to determine what features the required part has, what material is required to manufacture it, what machines and tools are needed, and how the part should be held (fixtured) for machining, among other factors. The program's rule base then indicates, for example, how to make each feature, in what order to make it, and to which machines on the shop floor the part should be routed for processing. This information becomes part of the shop work order. The process planning function under RAMP greatly reduces the time and effort required to complete a process plan. Since the PDES file that drives the intelligent processing is 100 percent complete and accurate to start with, the potential for costly errors is greatly diminished.

Rentz, Richard E.

1992-01-01

442

Ramp technology and intelligent processing in small manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To address the issues of excessive inventories and increasing procurement lead times, the Navy is actively pursuing flexible computer integrated manufacturing (FCIM) technologies, integrated by communication networks to respond rapidly to its requirements for parts. The Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts (RAMP) program, initiated in 1986, is an integral part of this effort. The RAMP program's goal is to reduce the current average production lead times experienced by the Navy's inventory control points by a factor of 90 percent. The manufacturing engineering component of the RAMP architecture utilizes an intelligent processing technology built around a knowledge-based shell provided by ICAD, Inc. Rules and data bases in the software simulate an expert manufacturing planner's knowledge of shop processes and equipment. This expert system can use Product Data Exchange using STEP (PDES) data to determine what features the required part has, what material is required to manufacture it, what machines and tools are needed, and how the part should be held (fixtured) for machining, among other factors. The program's rule base then indicates, for example, how to make each feature, in what order to make it, and to which machines on the shop floor the part should be routed for processing. This information becomes part of the shop work order. The process planning function under RAMP greatly reduces the time and effort required to complete a process plan. Since the PDES file that drives the intelligent processing is 100 percent complete and accurate to start with, the potential for costly errors is greatly diminished.

Rentz, Richard E.

1992-04-01

443

Technology Demonstration Summary Site Program Demonstration Test Soliditech Inc Solidification-stabilization Process  

EPA Science Inventory

The major objective of the Soliditech, Inc., SITE demonstration was to develop reliable performance and cost information about the Soliditech solidification, stabilization technology. The Soliditech process mixes hazardous waste materials with Portland cement or pozzolanic m...

444

Hydrogen Technology Validation as a "Learning Demonstration" that Feeds the R&D Process (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation, which provides information about how hydrogen technology validation is used as a learning demonstration that feeds the research and development process, was given at a National Hydrogen Association meeting in April 2004.

Wipke, K.; Gronich, S.; Hooker, D.

2004-04-01

445

A Stochastic Process for Prioritizing Lunar Exploration Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obtaining an affordable and sustainable exploration scenario requires the development of new technologies. Limited technology maturation budgets require that strategic decision makers must choose which set of potentially beneficial technologies to fund. Methods are needed which allow managers to make informed decisions based on engineering analysis. The Abbreviated Technology Identification, Evaluation, and Selection (ATIES) methodology is such one such method.

A. Charania

446

Texaco gasification process: Innovative technology evaluation report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the evaluation of the Texaco Gasification Process (TGP) conducted under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program. The TGP is a commercial gasification process which converts organic materials into syngas, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The feed reacts with a limited amount of oxygen (partial oxidaton) in a refractory-lined reactor at temperatures between 2,200 degrees and 2,650 degrees F and at pressures above 250 pounds per square inch gauge (psig). Texaco reports that the syngas can be processed into high-purity hydrogen, ammonia, methanol, and other chemicals, as well as clean fuel for electric power. The TGP was evaluated under the EPA SITE Program in January 1994 at Texaco`s Montebello Research Laboratory (MRL) in South El Monte, California, located in the greater Los Angeles area. The Demonstration used a soil feed mixture consisting of approximately 20 weight-percent waste soil from the Purity Oil Sales Superfund Site, Fresno, California and 80 weight-percent clean soil. The slurry included coal as a support fuel and was spiked with lead and barium compounds (inorganic heavy metals) and chlorobenzene (volatile organic compound) as the Principal Organic Hazardous Constituent (POHC).

NONE

1995-07-01

447

Information technology in veterinary pharmacology instruction.  

PubMed

Veterinary clinical pharmacology encompasses all interactions between drugs and animals and applies basic and clinical knowledge to improve rational drug use and patient outcomes. Veterinary pharmacology instructors set educational goals and objectives that, when mastered by students, lead to improved animal health. The special needs of pharmacology instruction include establishing a functional interface between basic and clinical knowledge, managing a large quantity of information, and mastering quantitative skills essential to successful drug administration and analysis of drug action. In the present study, a survey was conducted to determine the extent to which veterinary pharmacology instructors utilize information technology (IT) in their teaching. Several IT categories were investigated, including Web-based instructional aids, stand-alone pharmacology software, interactive videoconferencing, databases, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and e-book applications. Currently IT plays a largely ancillary role in pharmacology instruction. IT use is being expanded primarily through the efforts of two veterinary professional pharmacology groups, the American College of Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology (ACVCP) and the American Academy of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics (AAVPT). The long-term outcome of improved IT use in pharmacology instruction should be to support the larger educational mission of active learning and problem solving. Creation of high-quality IT resources that promote this goal has the potential to improve veterinary pharmacology instruction within and across institutions. PMID:14976618

Kochevar, Deborah T

2003-01-01

448

Information Technology and Community Restoration Studies/Task 1: Information Technology  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary The Interagency Biological Restoration Demonstration—a program jointly funded by the Department of Defense's Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) Science and Technology Directorate—is developing policies, methods, plans, and applied technologies to restore large urban areas, critical infrastructures, and Department of Defense installations following the intentional release of a biological agent (anthrax) by terrorists. There is a perception that there should be a common system that can share information both vertically and horizontally amongst participating organizations as well as support analyses. A key question is: "How far away from this are we?" As part of this program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted research to identify the current information technology tools that would be used by organizations in the greater Seattle urban area in such a scenario, to define criteria for use in evaluating information technology tools, and to identify current gaps. Researchers interviewed 28 individuals representing 25 agencies in civilian and military organizations to identify the tools they currently use to capture data needed to support operations and decision making. The organizations can be grouped into five broad categories: defense (Department of Defense), environmental/ecological (Environmental Protection Agency/Ecology), public health and medical services, emergency management, and critical infrastructure. The types of information that would be communicated in a biological terrorism incident include critical infrastructure and resource status, safety and protection information, laboratory test results, and general emergency information. The most commonly used tools are WebEOC (web-enabled crisis information management systems with real-time information sharing), mass notification software, resource tracking software, and NW WARN (web-based information to protect critical infrastructure systems). It appears that the current information management tools are used primarily for information gathering and sharing—not decision making. Respondents identified the following criteria for a future software system. It is easy to learn, updates information in real time, works with all agencies, is secure, uses a visualization or geographic information system feature, enables varying permission levels, flows information from one stage to another, works with other databases, feeds decision support tools, is compliant with appropriate standards, and is reasonably priced. Current tools have security issues, lack visual/mapping functions and critical infrastructure status, and do not integrate with other tools. It is clear that there is a need for an integrated, common operating system. The system would need to be accessible by all the organizations that would have a role in managing an anthrax incident to enable regional decision making. The most useful tool would feature a GIS visualization that would allow for a common operating picture that is updated in real time. To capitalize on information gained from the interviews, the following activities are recommended: • Rate emergency management decision tools against the criteria specified by the interviewees. • Identify and analyze other current activities focused on information sharing in the greater Seattle urban area. • Identify and analyze information sharing systems/tools used in other regions.

Upton, Jaki F.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Stein, Steven L.

2009-11-19

449

A Universal Automated Information System for Science and Technology  

E-print Network

A Universal Automated Information System for Science and Technology Peter B. Andrews Carnegie. It may be centuries before there is a well developed Universal Automated Information System for Science of mathematics, science, applied sci- ence, and technology. Just as those searching for information on the web

Andrews, Peter B.

450

Three Essays on Information Technology Security Management in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing complexity and sophistication of ever evolving information technologies has spurred unique and unprecedented challenges for organizations to protect their information assets. Companies suffer significant financial and reputational damage due to ineffective information technology security management, which has extensively been shown to…

Gupta, Manish

2011-01-01

451

Information Technology Services ITS Accounts Services Office 204 Wagner Building  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services ITS Accounts Services Office 204 Wagner Building University Park All applicants requesting for-fee account services from Information Technology Services who are funded information services is a privilege and not a right. Violation of policy or law may result in suspension

Maroncelli, Mark

452

Information Technology Services ITS Accounts Services Office 204 Wagner Building  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services ITS Accounts Services Office 204 Wagner Building University Park to request a Penn State Access Account from Information Technology Services (ITS). Enter your name carefully of policy or law may result in suspension of network access or other information service privileges

Maroncelli, Mark

453

Abstract -The world has become information and technology dependent. The use of Information Technology is an effective  

E-print Network

-to-date technology can improve productivity when education is successfully enhanced. This education is more and Technology Education Consortium (ISTEC): A Partnership for Education, Research, and Development L. HowardAbstract - The world has become information and technology dependent. The use of Information

454

Information Technology Architectures. New Opportunities for Partnering, CAUSE94. Track VI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers are presented from the 1994 CAUSE conference track on information technology architectures as applied to higher education institutions. The papers include: (1) "Reshaping the Enterprise: Building the Next Generation of Information Systems Through Information Architecture and Processing Reengineering," which notes developments at the…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

455

A Thesaurus for Information Technology and Education. Occasional Paper ITE/6/86.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for use by the Information Technology and Education (ITE) Programme of the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC), this draft document is based on the 1984 EUDISED (European Documentation and Information System for Education) Thesaurus for Information Processing. This draft is a modified thesaurus which aims to keep as close…

Lewis, R.

456

Software engineering technology transfer: Understanding the process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology transfer is of crucial concern to both government and industry today. In this report, the mechanisms developed by NASA to transfer technology are explored and the actual mechanisms used to transfer software development technologies are investigated. Time, cost, and effectiveness of software engineering technology transfer is reported.

Zelkowitz, Marvin V.

1993-01-01

457

From Information Technology to Informatics: The Information Revolution in Dental Education  

PubMed Central

The capabilities of information technology (IT) have advanced precipitously in the last fifty years. Many of these advances have enabled new and beneficial applications of IT in dental education. However, conceptually, IT use in dental schools is only in its infancy. Challenges and opportunities abound for improving how we support clinical care, education, and research with IT. In clinical care, we need to move electronic dental records beyond replicating paper, connect information on oral health to that on systemic health, facilitate collaborative care through teledentistry, and help clinicians apply evidence-based dentistry and preventive management strategies. With respect to education, we should adopt an evidence-based approach to IT use for teaching and learning, share effective educational content and methods, leverage technology-mediated changes in the balance of power between faculty and students, improve technology support for clinical teaching, and build an information infrastructure centered on learners and organizations. In research, opportunities include reusing clinical care data for research studies, helping advance computational methods for research, applying generalizable research tools in dentistry, and reusing research data and scientific workflows. In the process, we transition from a focus on IT—the mere technical aspects of applying computer technology—to one on informatics: the what, how, and why of managing information. PMID:22262557

Schleyer, Titus K.; Thyvalikakath, Thankam P.; Spallek, Heiko; Dziabiak, Michael P.; Johnson, Lynn A.

2014-01-01

458

Information Technology and Art: Concepts and State of the Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The interaction between information technology (IT) and art is an increasing trend. Science, art and technology have been connected since the 60's, when scientists, artists, and inventors started to cooperate and use electronic instruments to create art. In 1960 Marshall McLuhan predicted the idea that the era of "machine-age" technology was next to close, and the electronic media were creating a new way to perform art [1]. The literature is full with examples of artists applying mathematics, robotic technology, and computing to the creation of art. The work in [2] is a good introduction to the merge of IT and art and introduces genetic art, algorithmic art, applications of complex systems and artificial intelligence. The intersection is drawing attention of people from diverse background and it is growing in size and scope. For these reasons, it is beneficiary for people interested in art and technology to know each other's background and interests well. In a multidisciplinary collaboration, the success depends on how well the different actors in the project collaborate and understand each other. See [3] for an introduction about multidisciplinary issues. Meyer and others in [4] explains the collaboration process between artists and technologists.

Ahmed, Salah Uddin; Camerano, Cristoforo; Fortuna, Luigi; Frasca, Mattia; Jaccheri, Letizia

459

The research on image processing technology of the star tracker  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the core of visual sensitivity via imaging, image processing technology, especially for star tracker, is mainly characterized by such items as image exposure, optimal storage, background estimation, feature correction, target extraction, iteration compensation. This paper firstly summarizes the new research on those items at home and abroad, then, according to star tracker's practical engineering, environment in orbit and lifetime information, shows an architecture about rapid fusion between multiple frame images, which can be used to restrain oversaturation of the effective pixels, which means star tracker can be made more precise, more robust and more stable.

Li, Yu-ming; Li, Chun-jiang; Zheng, Ran; Li, Xiao; Yang, Jun

2014-11-01

460

Information Processing in Cognition Process and New Artificial Intelligent Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we discuss, in depth, visual information processing and a new artificial intelligent (AI) system that is\\u000a based upon cognitive mechanisms. The relationship between a general model of intelligent systems and cognitive mechanisms\\u000a is described, and in particular we explore visual information processing with selective attention. We also discuss a methodology\\u000a for studying the new AI system and

Nanning Zheng; Jianru Xue

2009-01-01

461

Computer Science and Information Technology Gateways and Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Computer Science and Information Technology Gateways and Resources collection is comprised of web portals, web sites, and resources in many areas including algorithms and data structures, operating systems and programming languages, software engineering, artificial intelligence, information science, digital-library technologies, and others. Here may be found materials for educators and learners, resources intended for the general public, and materials aimed at research communities devoted to computer science and information technology.

2008-03-14

462

Occurrence reporting and processing of operations information  

SciTech Connect

DOE O 232.1A, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information, and 10 CFR 830.350, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (when it becomes effective), along with this manual, set forth occurrence reporting requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements and contractors responsible for the management and operation of DOE-owned and -leased facilities. These requirements include categorization of occurrences related to safety, security, environment, health, or operations (``Reportable Occurrences``); DOE notification of these occurrences; and the development and submission of documented follow-up reports. This Manual provides detailed information for categorizing and reporting occurrences at DOE facilities. Information gathered by the Occurrence Reporting and processing System is used for analysis of the Department`s performance in environmental protection, safeguards and security, and safety and health of its workers and the public. This information is also used to develop lessons learned and document events that significantly impact DOE operations.

NONE

1997-07-21

463

Client/server technology: Is it beneficial in the engineering information and information technology environment?  

SciTech Connect

Client/server systems have been touted as the next step in the advance of the computer into modern, computer-aided drafting (CAD), computer-aided engineering (CAE), geographical information systems (GIS), engineering information (EI) technology, and information technology (IT) society, but they are not a solution to every organizations problems when it comes to advanced computer technology. Some of the ideas that are presented here are {open_quotes}old hat.{close_quotes} Then I ask you, why don`t we follow there {open_quotes}old hat{close_quotes} principles? This paper attempts and explores the advantages and disadvantages of these popular systems. The client/server architecture, apart from its ability to manage CAD/CAE/GIS and EI/IT and deliver it to decision makers in a timely fashion, offers many compelling advantages. There is, however, a downside to the widespread acceptance of the client/server environment. Users who expect to save money may be very disappointed. This paper provides a set of guidelines to help senior managers determine whether client/server computing is right for their CAD/CAE/GIS and IT organizations. From this point on, the abbreviations, CAD/CAE/GIS and EI/IT will be jointly referred to as {open_quotes}EI/IT{close_quotes} systems.

Norton, F.J.

1996-06-10

464

Exploring health information technology education: an analysis of the research.  

PubMed

This article is an analysis of the Health Information Technology Education published research. The purpose of this study was to examine selected literature using variables such as journal frequency, keyword analysis, universities associated with the research and geographic diversity. The analysis presented in this paper has identified intellectually significant studies that have contributed to the development and accumulation of intellectual wealth of Health Information Technology. The keyword analysis suggests that Health Information Technology research has evolved from establishing concepts and domains of health information systems, technology and management to contemporary issues such as education, outsourcing, web services and security. The research findings have implications for educators, researchers, journal. PMID:23000557

Virgona, Thomas

2012-01-01

465

Business Process Modeling for developing Process Oriented IT Systems Track: Business Process Management Tools and Technologies  

E-print Network

challenges have been made to traditional business practices. Rapid market changes such as electronic commerceBusiness Process Modeling for developing Process Oriented IT Systems Track: Business Process, the paradigm of Business Process Management contrasts with traditional information system development, which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

466

Modeling Manufacturing Processes to Mitigate Technological Risk  

SciTech Connect

An economic model is a tool for determining the justifiable cost of new sensors and subsystems with respect to value and operation. This process balances the R and D costs against the expense of maintaining current operations and allows for a method to calculate economic indices of performance that can be used as control points in deciding whether to continue development or suspend actions. The model can also be used as an integral part of an overall control loop utilizing real-time process data from the sensor groups to make production decisions (stop production and repair machine, continue and warn of anticipated problems, queue for repairs, etc.). This model has been successfully used and deployed in the CAFE Project. The economic model was one of seven (see Fig. 1) elements critical in developing an investment strategy. It has been successfully used in guiding the R and D activities on the CAFE Project, suspending activities on three new sensor technologies, and continuing development o f two others. The model has also been used to justify the development of a new prognostic approach for diagnosing machine health using COTS equipment and a new algorithmic approach. maintaining current operations and allows for a method to calculate economic indices of performance that can be used as control points in deciding whether to continue development or suspend actions. The model can also be used as an integral part of an overall control loop utilizing real-time process data from the sensor groups to make production decisions (stop production and repair machine, continue and warn of anticipated problems, queue for repairs, etc.).

Allgood, G.O.; Manges, W.W.

1999-10-24

467

Quantum information processing with atoms and photons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum information processors exploit the quantum features of superposition and entanglement for applications not possible in classical devices, offering the potential for significant improvements in the communication and processing of information. Experimental realization of large-scale quantum information processors remains a long-term vision, as the required nearly pure quantum behaviour is observed only in exotic hardware such as individual laser-cooled atoms

C. Monroe

2002-01-01

468

Ion Crystals for Quantum Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate experimentally quantum information processing using a string of trapped ions where each ion represents a bit of quantum information (qubit). We report on the realization of the Cirac Zoller universal control-NOT gate with a two-ion crystal. Quantum gates between the ions are realized by coupling them through their collective quantized motion. We show that the control ion's qubit

Ferdinand Schmidt-Kaler; Hartmut Häffner; Wolfgang Hänsel; Stephan Gulde; Mark Riebe; Thomas Deuschle; Jan Benhelm; Gavin P. T. Lancaster; Jürgen Eschner; Christoph Becher; Christian F. Roos; Rainer Blatt

2004-01-01

469

Towards an outcomes management informational processing architecture.  

PubMed

Health care's imperative to do it right the first time--every time--mu st be incorporated into building an information system to support outcomes management. An informational processing architecture proposed here defines key subcomponents necessary to support analysis of essential enterprise data. PMID:10155794

Gilbreath, R E; Schilp, J; Pickton, R

1996-01-01

470

Computer Aided Management for Information Processing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the nature of information processing projects and discusses some project management programming packages. Describes an in-house interface program developed to utilize a selected project management package (TIMELINE) by using Oracle Data Base Management System tools and Pascal programming language for the management of information system…

Akman, Ibrahim; Kocamustafaogullari, Kemal

1995-01-01

471

Electronic Discovery and the Adoption of Information Technology  

E-print Network

After firms adopt electronic information and communication technologies, their decision-making leaves a trail of electronic information that may be more extensive and accessible than a paper trail. We ask how the expected ...

Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth

472

TECHNOLOGY SUMMARY ADVANCING TANK WASTE RETREIVAL AND PROCESSING  

SciTech Connect

This technology overview provides a high-level summary of technologies being investigated and developed by Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to advance Hanford Site tank waste retrieval and processing. Technology solutions are outlined, along with processes and priorities for selecting and developing them.

SAMS TL

2010-07-07

473

Medical Information & Technology: Rapidly Expanding Vast Horizons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During ÑMedical Council Of India?, Platinum Jubilee Year (1933-2008) Celebrations, In Year 2008, Several Scientific Meeting/Seminar/Symposium, On Various Topics Of Contemporary Importance And Relevance In The Field Of ÑMedical Education And Ethics?, Were Organized, By Different Medical Colleges At Various Local, State, National Levels. The Present Discussion, Is An Comprehensive Summary Of Various Different Aspects of ìMedical Information Communication Technologyî, Especially UseFul For The Audience Stratum Group Of Those Amateur Medical & Paramedical Staff, With No Previous Work Experience Knowledge Of Computronics Applications. Outlining The, i.Administration Applications: Medical Records Etc, ii. Clinical Applications: Pros pective Scope Of TeleMedicine Applicabilities Etc iii. Other Applications: Efforts To Augment Improvement Of Medical Education, Medical Presentations, Medical Education And Research Etc. ÑMedical Trancription? & Related Recent Study Fields e.g ÑModern Pharmaceuticals?,ÑBio-Engineering?, ÑBio-Mechanics?, ÑBio-Technology? Etc., Along With Important Aspects Of Computers-General Considerations, Computer Ergonomics Assembled To Summarize, The AwareNess Regarding Basic Fundamentals Of Medical Computronics & Its Practically SuccessFul Utilities.

Sahni, Anil K.

2012-12-01

474

Fiscal years 1994--1998 Information Technology Strategic Plan. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

A team of senior managers from across the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), working with the Office of Information Resources Management (IRM), has completed an NRC Strategic Information Technology (IT) Plan. The Plan addresses three major areas: (1) IT Program Management, (2) IT Infrastructure, and (3) Information and Applications Management. Key recommendations call for accelerating the replacement of Agency workstations, implementing a new document management system, applying business process reengineering to selected Agency work processes, and establishing an Information Technology Council to advise the Director of IRM.

Not Available

1993-11-01

475

Quantitative assessment of the benefits of specific information technologies applied to clinical studies in developing countries.  

PubMed

Clinical studies and trials require accessibility of large amounts of high-quality information in a timely manner, often daily. The integrated application of information technologies can greatly improve quality control as well as facilitate compliance with established standards such as Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and Good Laboratory Practice (GLP). We have customized and implemented a number of information technologies, such as personal data assistants (PDAs), geographic information system (GIS), and barcode and fingerprint scanning, to streamline a pediatric dengue cohort study in Managua, Nicaragua. Quantitative data was obtained to assess the actual contribution of each technology in relation to processing time, accuracy, real-time access to data, savings in consumable materials, and time to proficiency in training sessions. In addition to specific advantages, these information technologies benefited not only the study itself but numerous routine clinical and laboratory processes in the health center and laboratories of the Nicaraguan Ministry of Health. PMID:18256435

Avilés, William; Ortega, Oscar; Kuan, Guillermina; Coloma, Josefina; Harris, Eva

2008-02-01

476

Standardization in computers and information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The data processing standardization program is a comparatively new effort since it had its genesis in an action by the International Organization for Standards (ISO) in late 1959. On a recommendation from Sweden, ISO decided there was a need for a standards program in connection with computers and information processing. It seems rather remarkable that the need for a standards

C. A. Phillips; R. E. Utman

1962-01-01

477

Information Retrieval Using Robust Natural Language Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed a prototype information retrieval system which uses advanced natural language processing techniques to enhance the effectiveness of traditional key-word based document retrieval. The backbone of our system is a statistical retrieval engine which performs automated indexing of documents, then search and ranking in response to user queries. This core architecture is augmented with advanced natural language processing tools

Tomek Strzalkowski; Barbara Vauthey

1992-01-01

478

Teaching Information Systems Development via Process Variants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acquiring the knowledge to assemble an integrated Information System (IS) development process that is tailored to the specific needs of a project has become increasingly important. It is therefore necessary for educators to impart to students this crucial skill. However, Situational Method Engineering (SME) is an inherently complex process that…

Tan, Wee-Kek; Tan, Chuan-Hoo

2010-01-01

479

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review contains eight papers on topics within the field of information science and technology. The papers are divided into three sections as follows: (1) Planning Information Systems and Services, including "Information Ownership and Control" (Tomas A. Lipinski); and "Pricing and Marketing Online Information Services" (Sheila Anne Elizabeth…

Williams, Martha E., Ed.

1999-01-01

480

Religious Education and Information Technology: Challenges and Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With advances in information technology, the velocity of information production on the global level has expanded as well. This acceleration has led to the delegitimizing of knowledge, the equating of information with knowledge, and the giving of predominance to information rather than knowledge. This advance has created epistemological challenges…

Sajjadi, Seyed Mahdi

2008-01-01

481

The role of customer experience in technology strategy : implications for product adoption in information technology  

E-print Network

This research identifies and describes the impact of customer experience on the adoption of information technology products. The research findings are applied to the business case of a global technology firm entering into ...

Vernon, Mona Masghati

2011-01-01

482

NEW NUMERICAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SIMULATION OF ARC WELDING PROCESSES  

E-print Network

NEW NUMERICAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SIMULATION OF ARC WELDING PROCESSES Michel Bellet 1 , Makhlouf Antipolis, France; soudage@transvalor.com Keywords: welding, finite elements, material deposit, adaptive for arc welding simulation and analysis. The new numerical technologies essentially consist first

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

483

Technology Demonstration Summary, Chemfix Solidification/Stabilization Process, Clackamas, Oregon  

EPA Science Inventory

ChemfIx's* patented stabilization/solidification technology was demonstrated at the Portable Equipment Salvage Company (PESC) site in Clackamas, Oregon, as part of the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program. The Chemfix process is designed to solidify and sta...

484

Changing behavior towards sustainable practices using Information Technology.  

PubMed

This article addresses the question of how to change individuals' behavior towards more sustainable practices using Information Technology (IT). By following a multidisciplinary and socio-technical perspective, this inquiry is answered by applying a new framework-The Commonality Framework for IT-enabled Change-on a case study of sustainable behavioral change. The framework is grounded in practice theory and is used to analyze the implementation of an IT-system aimed at changing citizens' behavior towards more sustainable transport logistics and procurement in Uppsala, Sweden. The article applies case study research design and the empirical data consists of surveys, in-depth and semi-structured interviews, observations and archival documents. The results show how the change towards sustainable practices is an entanglement of both social and technical-structural elements across time. In this process, structures such as IT are the enablers, and the actors and their social activities are the tipping-point factors that ultimately determine the success of changing individuals' behavior towards a more sustainable direction. This article provides a more balanced view of how both actor and structure related properties interact during the on-going work with change towards greater sustainability practices than earlier research has offered. More specifically, the article offers both a lower-level theory and a method from which we can analyze change processes where technology is seen in its context, and where both technology and the human actor is brought forth to center stage. PMID:24681365

Iveroth, Einar; Bengtsson, Fredrik

2014-06-15

485

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2011-10-01

486

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services HEALTH INFORMATION...

2014-10-01

487

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2013-10-01

488

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2012-10-01

489

42 CFR 495.332 - State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements. 495...STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD TECHNOLOGY INCENTIVE PROGRAM Requirements Specific... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements....

2010-10-01

490

[Health Information Technology -where are we heading?].  

PubMed

The current issue of "Harefuah" dedicates a special corner to Health Information Technology (HIT), with a collection of five review papers discussing different areas of the field, focusing on its benefits to the quality of healthcare. In the first paper Topaz and Ash describe the United States MeaningfuL Use project, and list the lessons that the Israeli health system should learn from it. Zelingher and Ash analyze the decision of the Israeli Ministry of Health to move from the old coding system of ICD-9-CM to a combination of SNOMED-CT as a clinical terminology system and ICD-10-CM as the classification coding system. The authors conclude that achieving a standardized, homogenous and thorough coding of problems, diagnoses and procedures will enable interoperability in the Israeli health system. Shalom et al present us to the world of computerized clinical guidelines. They review the different projects that aim to bring tools and methods to transform the paper based guidelines to computer programs that support the everyday decisions that physicians take regarding their patients. The authors focus on their experience in developing methodology, tools and a library of computerized guidelines, and describe their evaluation in several projects. Shahar et al dive deeper to describe the challenge of representing time in cLinicaL guidelines and creating tools to discover new knowledge based on represented known knowledge. These two papers demonstrate the meaningful use of medicaL data. In the last article, Siegal addresses some legal concerns evolving from the HIT revolution, pointing to the emerging concepts in Israeli jurisprudence, which regards medical IT as an important contribution to patient empowerment, aspects of medical risk management and management of national health system resources. In the judgment of the Israeli court, a medical organization will possibly have to take the responsibiLity of not implementing a proven HIT system. This paper concludes with descriptions of two studies evaluating health information systems in Israel. These studies will be presented at the forthcoming conference of the IsraeLi Association of Medical Informatics (ILAMI). PMID:23885446

Ash, Nachman; Levy, Ilan

2013-05-01

491

Art as a Source of Information on Horticultural Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Works of art from antiquity to the present constitute an alternate source of information on horticultural technology and science providing significant information on subjects such as the history of technology, crop evolution, lost traits, and crop dispersal. Sources include ancient mosaics, sculpture, illustrations of medieval manu- scripts, renaissance paintings, and illustrations from illuminated and printed herbals. The uses of art

Jules Janick

492

Use of Physical Models & Information Technology to Explore  

E-print Network

1 Use of Physical Models & Information Technology to Explore Student Difficulties in Developing A&M University, Information Technology in Science Center for Learning & Teaching 3Texas A, 1983; bDoyle & Ford, 1998; cKrajick et al., 2000). I. Interdisciplinary II. Multi-scaled ­ nano-, micro

Herbert, Bruce

493

Educators Using Information Technology. GIS Video Series. [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 57-minute videotape covers the "Florida Educators Using Information Technology" session of the "Eco-Informa '96" conference. Two speakers presented examples of environmental educators using information technology. The first speaker, Brenda Maxwell, is the Director and Developer of the Florida Science Institute based at Brevard Community…

A M Productions Inc., Vancouver (British Columbia).

494

Helsinki University of Technology Dissertations in Computer and Information Science  

E-print Network

, Dissertations in Computer and Information Science, Report D7, Espoo, Finland. Keywords: clustering, data mining, Finland) on the 17th of November, 2004, at 2 o'clock p.m. Helsinki University of Technology Department FINLAND #12;Distribution: Helsinki University of Technology Laboratory of Computer and Information Science

Kaski, Samuel

495

The use of health information technology in seven nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the state of health information technology (HIT) adoption and use in seven industrialized nations. Design: We used a combination of literature review, as well as interviews with experts in individual nations, to determine use of key information technologies. Main outcome measures: We examined rates of electronic health record (EHR) use in ambula- tory care and hospital settings,

Ashish K. Jha; David Doolan; Daniel Grandt; Tim Scott; David W. Bates

2008-01-01

496

Clinical health information technologies and the role of medicaid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical health information technologies (HIT) are widely viewed as essential tools for improving the quality and efficiency of health care delivery. Medicaid agencies make substantial investments in information technology (IT), have much to gain through the widespread use of clinical HIT, and can have significant influence on the adoption of HIT by providers. Medicaid agencies, however, face legal, regulatory, and

Shaun T. Alfreds; Michael A. Tutty; Judith A. Savageau; Scott Young; Jay S. Himmelstein

2007-01-01

497

Boston University College of Arts & Sciences Information Technology  

E-print Network

Boston University College of Arts & Sciences Information Technology 685 Commonwealth Avenue Boston, College of Arts and Sciences Information Technology #12; to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences here at Boston University. I would like to introduce you to the CAS

Goldberg, Bennett

498

Effective integration of information and communications technology in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective delivery of the new information technology (IT) curriculum for student teachers in the United Kingdom, which started in September 1998, is an important challenge for initial teacher training institutions. This article identifies three main obstacles that may limit its successful implementation – student access to computers, the communications and information technology (ICT) policy adopted by initial teacher training providers

Colette Murphy; Lillian Greenwood

1998-01-01

499

Human resources management main role in information technology project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today the information technology is indeed a base of development for countries and a benchmark practice for leading and successful organizations. Success in this area depends on the success of micro and macro projects of information technology, and this success is not achievable unless all aspects, especially the most valuable element, e.g. the human resources, are considered. Because the policies

Hamid Tohidi

2011-01-01

500

A Program Information Tool for Instructional Design and Technology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The IDT (Instructional Design and Technology) Program Information Tool is an online information sharing system which has been created to allow programs in the field of instructional design and technology to share their program policies and procedures with one another easily so as to help each program review those practices and perhaps adapt (or…

Lockee, Barbara B.; Reiser, Robert A.

2006-01-01