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1

Quantum information processing : science & technology.  

SciTech Connect

Qubits demonstrated using GaAs double quantum dots (DQD). The qubit basis states are the (1) singlet and (2) triplet stationary states. Long spin decoherence times in silicon spurs translation of GaAs qubit in to silicon. In the near term the goals are: (1) Develop surface gate enhancement mode double quantum dots (MOS & strained-Si/SiGe) to demonstrate few electrons and spin read-out and to examine impurity doped quantum-dots as an alternative architecture; (2) Use mobility, C-V, ESR, quantum dot performance & modeling to feedback and improve upon processing, this includes development of atomic precision fabrication at SNL; (3) Examine integrated electronics approaches to RF-SET; (4) Use combinations of numerical packages for multi-scale simulation of quantum dot systems (NEMO3D, EMT, TCAD, SPICE); and (5) Continue micro-architecture evaluation for different device and transport architectures.

Horton, Rebecca; Carroll, Malcolm S.; Tarman, Thomas David

2010-09-01

2

The Search for New Information Processing technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our society has benefited from the ‘Golden Age of Electronics’ for the last half century. The ubiquitous transistor, in its many manifestations, has enabled an explosion of capabilities in information processing, communications, and sensing that has spurred exponential growth in performance-benefit ratios. Much of the credit for this progress is due to the continued scaling of the silicon integrated circuit (IC) components and to the associated efficient fabrication processes that have made the IC affordable. There is a growing realization, from simple physics arguments, that as minimum features sizes approach the ten nanometer regime, scaling will very likely slow and eventually end. This doesn’t mean that the MOSFET will disappear, but more likely that it will need to be supplemented by other device and interconnect technologies if the exponential gains are to continue. In this talk we discuss the basis for the projected limitation of scaling of charge-based devices for logic and memory devices. We argue that a fundamental consideration for all devices, including those based on charge, relates to the capacity to manage heat generated by circuit operation. Our preference is for devices that operate at room temperature since the energy costs for cooling the devices must also be charged against the overall system energy consumption. (Cooling costs increase as a power of the difference between the ambient and the target temperature.) Therefore we seek new state variables to serve as an alternative to electrical charge for future information processing technologies. These technologies must provide the potential for sustaining exponential performance-cost benefits with time. The search must not only focus on device structures but on the underlying materials and process technologies that enable these structures. Indeed, to obtain extremely scaled CMOS, new materials and processes must also be developed. In this talk, we survey some of the candidates for replacements/supplements for/to the MOSFET and give a status report on the status of the search. We also briefly discuss the problem of design in the far nanometer regime where device variability is likely to be significant. What design constraints must be employed to ensure that manufacturing yields are high, given broad tolerance margins for the device characteristics? Variability is a growing problem in extremely scaled CMOS what is learned from these applications will likely benefit replacement technologies as well.

Cavin, Ralph K.

2005-03-01

3

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: SUBCONTRACTING OF DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology, globalization, competition is changing managerial strategies all over the World. E-commerce, E- business, virtual enterprises, Electronic Data Interchange - EDI, Internet and intranet, business on line, are a couple of expressions which are putting too much pressure on the shoulders of enterprises located in the Third World. In underdeveloped regions, anxiety for modernization can lead a large number

Francisco Correia de Oliveira; Carlos Augusto; Parente Neiva

4

Information technology selection process and perceived impacts in physician's practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, few articles have documented the selection process and the resulting impact of the information technology on the health care organization. Information technology (IT) for this study is defined as: computer software used to store, transport and communicate information. This study was designed to gain understanding on how physicians and office staff select software and what the perceptions are

K. Beekman Eden; D. F. Kocaoglu

1999-01-01

5

Exploring the relationship between information technology and business process reengineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines a series of relationships between information technology (IT) and business process reengineering (BPR). Specifically, it argues that those aspiring to do business process reengineering must begin to apply the capabilities of information technology. This paper provides a summary of IT roles in initiating and sustaining BPR and examines several companies that have successfully applied IT to reengineering.

Mohsen Attaran

2004-01-01

6

Information technology selection process and perceived impacts in physician practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this research was to identify the relationships between the selection process and the perceived impacts of information technology on the physician's practice. A telephone survey was conducted with office representatives of 407 physician practices in Oregon. The descriptive results are presented in this summary paper. Relationships were identified between the selection process and the perceived impacts of

Karen Beekman Eden; Dundar F. Kocaoglu

1999-01-01

7

Research and application of process information integrated system based on Web technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to provide better information support and services for manufacturing informationalization, and provide technical information services for the process design, process information decision, manufacturing process modeling and simulation and product information management, etc., in the product manufacturing process, by using Web technology, database technology, modeling and simulation technology and intelligent decision technology, an process information integration system based on

Min Lv; Gang Wang; Ning Wu

2010-01-01

8

The Fingertip Effect: How Information-Processing Technology Shapes Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Typical contacts with information-processing technology (IPT) do not significantly reshape thought. Although some suggest that IPT will have a narrowing, dehumanizing influence, the diversification of ITP now underway will allow for more styles of involvement. Because of this diversification, thinking may change as it did in response to literacy…

Perkins, D. N.

1985-01-01

9

Information processing model of information technology adaptation: an intra-organizational diffusion perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appropriate information technology (IT) diffusion facilitates the achievement of expected return on IT investments. The purpose of this study is to advance IT diffusion research by employing information processing theory as a lens with which to examine the adaptation (design, development, and installation) process. This is in contrast to much of the IT diffusion research, which focuses on factors affecting

Randolph B. Cooper; Richard A. Wolfe

2005-01-01

10

Information Technology Process Improvement Decision-Making: An Exploratory Study from the Perspective of Process Owners and Process Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is information available in the literature that discusses information technology (IT) governance and investment decision making from an executive-level perception, yet there is little information available that offers the perspective of process owners and process managers pertaining to their role in IT process improvement and investment…

Lamp, Sandra A.

2012-01-01

11

An agile framework for an information technology outsourcing decision process (ITODP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is dedicated to answering the question, can the Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) decision process be improved. It develops a framework called the Information Technology Outsourcing Decision Process (ITODP) that will efficiently and effectively fast-track the outsourcing decision process. ^ Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) has generated considerable research interest from its beginnings with the nascent outsource award of Blue

Robert Zandoli

2006-01-01

12

Business Process Modelling Towards Derivation of Information Technology Goals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business Process Modelling (BPM) is a way to support business processes by using several techniques, methodologies, models, and systems to design, control and analyse business processes, where many resources are used: humans, applications, technologies, organizations etc. The current existing literature describes several BPM techniques, however, these techniques are often hard for IT people to understand which is one of the

Youseef Alotaibi; Fei Liu

2012-01-01

13

Keyless data capture: emerging technologies in health information processing.  

PubMed

As middle managers, medical record practitioners will be involved in justification of auto ID technology to upper management. To prepare a good justification, one must have a thorough knowledge of the technology and its advantages and disadvantages. One must also be familiar with the payback period and the installation process. This article has attempted to introduce the reader to some emerging technologies in health care, and answer some of the questions that are key to justifying their acquisition. By most estimates, these technologies are finding their way into health care, however slowly, and hold much promise for improvement in productivity and accuracy in data collection. PMID:10116252

Stich, E K; Koch, S D

1992-03-01

14

Modeling Information Technology - A Pattern Approach for Enhancing Technology Intelligence Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, companies seeking to advance their information systems are facing an overwhelming variety of fast pacing innovations in the information technology sector. Many of these innovations could lead to new ways of extending existing competitive advantages or leveraging weaknesses respectively. Furthermore technological progress is characterized by shorter technology life cycles and by discontinuities. The challenge for developing information systems that

Michael Schermann; Helmut Krcmar

15

Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The aim of the present chapter is to analyze how information technology is likely to influence transaction costs and to discuss\\u000a the conclusions drawn from this by theory. First, an introduction to the basic aspects of information technology is given\\u000a and we discuss, how information technology is used in information systems (section 3.1). Subsequently, a number of examples\\u000a are provided

Sascha Weber

16

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes important information-handling products, predicting future devices in light of convergence and greater flexibility offered through use of microchip technology. Contends that information technology and its impact of privacy depends on how information systems are used, arguing that the privacy issue deals more with moral/physiological…

Reynolds, Roger

1983-01-01

17

Reengineering Best Value Source Selection Through Process Innovation and the Selected Application of Information Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the Best Value Source Selection process, identify process pathologies, and explore opportunities to dramatically improve performance utilizing information technology as an enabler of that innovation. The Davenport ...

D. R. Wiles

2001-01-01

18

Assessing Factors Affecting Implementation of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Measurements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The capability of organizations to operate on the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework is reliant on ITIL process measurements. Appropriate ITIL process measurements help ensure desired outcomes, enable corrective actions to take place prior to process failure, and direct process activities towards continuous…

Peterson, Kristy

2010-01-01

19

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

20

Matching Process Requirements with Information Technology to Assess the Efficiency of Web Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging information technologies play an increasingly important role, not only to automate tasks within organizations but also to provide the infrastructure to facilitate communication across organizational boundaries, to implement one-to-one marketing strategies, or to manage business relationships. Web Information Systems (WIS) provide a platform that can help establish and manage customer relationships in ways that were not feasible with traditional

Arno Scharl; Judith Gebauer; Christian Bauer

2001-01-01

21

Assessing the Suitability of Process and Information Technology in Supporting Tacit Knowledge Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The transfer of tacit knowledge, one of the most important issues in the knowledge sharing context, needs a multi-dimensional perception in its process. Information technology's (IT) supporting role has already been addressed in the process of tacit knowledge transfer. However, IT has its own characteristics, and in turn, may have dissimilar…

Wu, Chien-Hsing; Kao, Shu-Chen; Shih, Lan-Hsin

2010-01-01

22

INFLUENCE PROCESSES FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE: AN ELABORATION LIKELIHOOD MODEL1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how processes of external influence shape information technology acceptance among potential users, how such influence effects vary across a user popula- tion, and whether these effects are persistent over time. Drawing on the elaboration-likelihood model (ELM), we com- pared two alternative influence processes, the central and peripheral routes, in motivating IT acceptance. These pro- cesses were respectively

Anol Bhattacherjee; Clive Sanford

2006-01-01

23

Designing Information Technology Governance Processes: Diagnosing Contemporary Practices and Competing Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas previous studies have been primarily focused on the structural features of Information Technology governance, this paper describes an exploratory study of IT governance processes. Rooted in competing theories of organizational decision-making, and based on a case study investigation of large complex organizations, this paper examines the design and effectiveness of IT governance processes from both rational and social perspectives.

Pieter M. A. Ribbers; Ryan Peterson; Marylin M. Parker

2002-01-01

24

Teaching and Learning Information Technology Process: From a 25 Year Perspective--Math Regents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper will describe the Teaching and Learning Informational Technology Process (TLITP). Before present day strategies, teaching and learning relied on transformations based on quantification to measure performance. The process will be a non-linear three construct of teacher, student and community. Emphasizing old practices now is the…

Lewis Sanchez, Louise

2007-01-01

25

Information Technology as an Enabler of Business Processes Designing During Macroeconomic Transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of information technology (IT) and market opportunities on business processes reengineering (BPR) and later designing in small firms in course of macroeconomic transformation is explored and reported in this paper. The exploratory, qualitative research method was used to analyse and clarify a data structure. Seven small Polish firms were selected for the survey as a convenience sample. The

Marius Janson; Stanislow Wrycza

26

An Analytic Hierarchy Process Framework for Technology Acquisition Decisions Related to Library Information Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses a framework for the application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) in a technology- acquisition decision related to library information services. By the year 2002, the Public Access Library System (PALS) will no longer be supported; PALS is an automated, integrated, modular-based public-access system used by libraries worldwide. This paper discusses an AHP framework that has been

John M. Gleason

1999-01-01

27

The evolving role of information technology in the drug discovery process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technologies for chemical structure prediction, heterogeneous database access, pattern discovery, and systems and molecular modeling have evolved to become core components of the modern drug discovery process. As this evolution continues, the balance between in silico modeling and ‘wet’ chemistry will continue to shift and it might eventually be possible to step through the discovery pipeline without the aid

Jeffrey Augen

2002-01-01

28

Information and Communication Technologies as a support to the learning process in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, a preliminary analysis of the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the context of Higher Education (HE) takes place. This analysis seeks to verify if it there has been, in particular, a change of practice by teachers and whether this occurrence could be related to the introduction of the Bologna model, making the teaching process

Bertil P. Marques; Jaime E. Vilatte; Carlos Vaz Carvalho

2011-01-01

29

Quantum Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the research laboratories of Hewlett Packard, Quantum Information Technology provides an informative look at current work in quantum information processing and communication (QIPC). The report, published in November 2002, recognizes the potential applications of QIPC and how it could revolutionize conventional information technology. It cites cryptography, quantum computers, and quantum teleportation as motivational factors for development of this technology, offering a basic introduction to each discipline. The paper concludes with an analysis of the direction current research is taking and what the future may hold. Several links to further sources of information are also included.

Spiller, Timothy.

2002-01-01

30

Information Technology Resources and Customer-Service Process Coordination in Third-Party Logistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adopting the supply chain paradigm, we define customer service as a multifunctional sequence of process activities supported by an intricate tapestry of information technology (IT) and non-IT resources that enable the coordination and communication necessary to create value for the customer. The resource-based view (RBV) serves as our theoretical lens for assessing the strategic contributions of IT in the customer-service

Patrick I. Jeffers; Rhoda C. Joseph

2010-01-01

31

The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process

Muglia, Victor O.

2010-01-01

32

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attractive features of the videodisc, a storage medium of digital and visual information, include large storage capacity, low cost, rapid access, and ease of duplication. Widespread adoption of the videodisc will be determined by availability of appropriate software and funding, and public demand and perceptions about its advantages over other…

Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

1981-01-01

33

The reorganization of higher education through information technology: understanding the process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this work is to understand the multidimensional effects of information technology on the organizational structure of higher education institutions. It is well documented that universities and colleges are spending millions of dollars on purchasing technology for their campuses (Green, 1991). Hawkins, 1989, 1991, and Penrod and Doliner, 1991 cite examples that the explosion of technology and its

Sheri L. Prupis

1992-01-01

34

PNNL Information Technology Benchmarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL's) approach to information technology (IT) benchmarking. The purpose is to engage other organizations in the collaborative process of benchmarking in order to improve the value of IT services provided to customers. This document's intended audience consists of other U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories and their IT staff. Although

David D. Hostetler; Jan E. Goolsbey; David A. Niesen; Anita C. Phillips

1999-01-01

35

INVESTMENT PROCESSES OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES INVESTMENT EVALUATION. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION PRACTICES IN THE SME: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY IN ANDALUCÍA  

Microsoft Academic Search

From our point of view, we consider that evaluation is another aspect of the IT implementation process, which permits us to justify the investment to be carried out, to choose between different alternatives, to serve as an instrument of control over the implementation process, over its costs and benefits and, in short, over the success of the project. However, there

Miguel Ángel Ríos; Paula Luna Huertas; Alfonso Infante Moro

36

People and Process: Managing the Human Side of Information Technology Application. Professional Paper Series, #7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that the hard part of making the application of technology successful is the development of appropriate management structures and approaches, this paper reviews the research and writings of several top management and communications professionals and correlates these theories to the information technology environment on campus. Six…

Baltzer, Jan A.

37

Effects of Different Multimedia Presentations on Viewers' Information-Processing Activities Measured by Eye-Tracking Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study implemented eye-tracking technology to understand the impact of different multimedia instructional materials, i.e., five successive pages versus a single page with the same amount of information, on information-processing activities in 21 non-science-major college students. The findings showed that students demonstrated the same number…

Chuang, Hsueh-Hua; Liu, Han-Chin

2012-01-01

38

Image processing technology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The primary objective of this project was to advance image processing and visualization technologies for environmental characterization. This was effected by developing and implementing analyses of remote sensing data from satellite and airborne platforms, and demonstrating their effectiveness in visualization of environmental problems. Many sources of information were integrated as appropriate using geographic information systems.

Van Eeckhout, E.; Pope, P.; Balick, L. [and others

1996-07-01

39

Integrating semantic web technologies and geospatial catalog services for geospatial information discovery and processing in cyberinfrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A geospatial catalogue service provides a network-based meta-information repository and interface for advertising and discovering\\u000a shared geospatial data and services. Descriptive information (i.e., metadata) for geospatial data and services is structured\\u000a and organized in catalogue services. The approaches currently available for searching and using that information are often\\u000a inadequate. Semantic Web technologies show promise for better discovery methods by exploiting

Peng Yue; Jianya Gong; Liping Di; Lianlian He; Yaxing Wei

2011-01-01

40

Medical and information technologies converge medical and information technologies converge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology offers medical science tools to collect, process, store, and communicate clinical data. Healthcare institutions have adapted standards-based data communication technologies that allow easy implementation of communications infrastructure. As clinical and information technologies have converged, two trends have emerged: the widespread use of commercial off-the-shelf hardware and software and the use of standards-based communication technologies. Technical support for these

TED COHEN

2004-01-01

41

PNNL Information Technology Benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL's) approach to information technology (IT) benchmarking. The purpose is to engage other organizations in the collaborative process of benchmarking in order to improve the value of IT services provided to customers. This document's intended audience consists of other U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories and their IT staff. Although the individual participants must define the scope of collaborative benchmarking, an outline of IT service areas for possible benchmarking is described.

Hostetler, David D.; Goolsbey, Jan E.; Niesen, David A.; Phillips, Anita C.

1999-08-09

42

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

43

PROBABILISTIC INFORMATION INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

The Statistical Sciences Group at Los Alamos has successfully developed a structured, probabilistic, quantitative approach for the evaluation of system performance based on multiple information sources, called Information Integration Technology (IIT). The technology integrates diverse types and sources of data and information (both quantitative and qualitative), and their associated uncertainties, to develop distributions for performance metrics, such as reliability. Applications include predicting complex system performance, where test data are lacking or expensive to obtain, through the integration of expert judgment, historical data, computer/simulation model predictions, and any relevant test/experimental data. The technology is particularly well suited for tracking estimated system performance for systems under change (e.g. development, aging), and can be used at any time during product development, including concept and early design phases, prior to prototyping, testing, or production, and before costly design decisions are made. Techniques from various disciplines (e.g., state-of-the-art expert elicitation, statistical and reliability analysis, design engineering, physics modeling, and knowledge management) are merged and modified to develop formal methods for the data/information integration. The power of this technology, known as PREDICT (Performance and Reliability Evaluation with Diverse Information Combination and Tracking), won a 1999 R and D 100 Award (Meyer, Booker, Bement, Kerscher, 1999). Specifically the PREDICT application is a formal, multidisciplinary process for estimating the performance of a product when test data are sparse or nonexistent. The acronym indicates the purpose of the methodology: to evaluate the performance or reliability of a product/system by combining all available (often diverse) sources of information and then tracking that performance as the product undergoes changes.

J. BOOKER; M. MEYER; ET AL

2001-02-01

44

Information technology: Servant or master?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology has tremendous potential as a tool of management in developing ever more sophisticated ways of handling management information. But it can never do away with the need for management, the process of using human ingenuity and creativity to come up with practical solutions to real problems. There is a danger that the technology could be used to diminish

Tim Morris

1989-01-01

45

Effective Corporate Reforms with Information Technology: Logit Model Analysis on Business Process Reengineering, Business Unit Restructuring, and Human Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Abstract) The purpose of this study is to examine what kind of corporate reforms are effective in accordance with investment in information technology. Based on the nation-wide survey data from 3141 firms, logit model analysis revealed three observations. First, paperless transactions make the business process efficient both internally and between the firms. Second, drastic and fundamental organizational reforms, such as

Akihiko Shinozaki

46

Measuring the Return on Information Technology: A Knowledge-Based Approach for Revenue Allocation at the Process and Firm Level.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study proposes an approach for measuring the return on Information Technology (IT) investments. A review of existing methods suggests the difficulty in adequately measuring the returns of IT at various levels of analysis (e.g., firm or process level)...

E. Jansen P. A. Pavlou T. J. Housel W. Rodgers

2005-01-01

47

Integrated science information and pipeline processing system: Application of new technologies on the IUE project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technologies including RISC architectures, an integrated centralized relational database system, optical disks, high-speed wide area networks, and graphical user interfaces are being employed on the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) Project to produce a homogeneous final archive of IUE data. Included in this effort is a thorough check of the IUE catalog for consistency and completeness, reprocessing the data using new algorithms, and output products quality assurance. At the outset of this effort, it was estimated that to accomplish this task using existing and available technologies would require nearly nine years. This time frame was unacceptable to the user community. Therefore, successful application of advanced technologies was required. This paper looks at how these technologies were brought together to form a system for data verification, pipeline processing, output verification, and data distribution.

Smith, Len; Hassett, Kevin; Dunn, Nepolia; Levay, Karen

1993-08-01

48

Collaborative Technology in the Learning Organization: Integrating Process with Information Flow, Access, and Interpretation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Realizing organizational learning in practice has not and will not happen by itself. In this paper, we recommend that for organizational learning to become part of daily work, collaborative technology must be integrated with evolving technical and business processes. New communities of practice and consortia must be nurtured, which include people and organizations that are experienced and knowledgeable in collaboration

L. Levine; I. Monarch

1998-01-01

49

PNNL Information Technology Benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Benchmarking is a methodology for searching out industry best practices that lead to superior performance. It is exchanging information, not just with any organization, but with organizations known to be the best within PNNL, in industry, or in dissimilar industries with equivalent functions. It is used as a continuous improvement tool for business and technical processes, products, and services. Information technology--comprising all computer and electronic communication products and services--underpins the development and/or delivery of many PNNL products and services. This document describes the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL's) approach to information technology (IT) benchmarking. The purpose is to engage other organizations in the collaborative process of benchmarking in order to improve the value of IT services provided to customers. TM document's intended audience consists of other US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories and their IT staff. Although the individual participants must define the scope of collaborative benchmarking, an outline of IT service areas for possible benchmarking is described.

DD Hostetler

1999-09-08

50

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

51

Information Technology Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the Information technology management programs are designed to educate and develop managers who can effectively manage the planning, design, selection, implementation, use, and administration of emerging and converging information and communications technologies. The IT Manager and the Project Manager are not at odds. The Project Manager’s ability to focus knowledge, skills, tools and techniques on the temporary endeavor

Patru Catalin; Petrache Alina

2011-01-01

52

Information, knowledge and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technologies create possibilities whose evolution, when realized, is then driven by a combination of economic and social factors. The importance for education of information technology is that it enables the objectification of knowledge, thus making knowledge storable, transmittable over distance and interactively access- ible. Two aspects of this technology, which will have a fundamental and contin- uing impact on higher

A. G. J. MacFarlane

53

Performance Impacts of Strategy, Information Technology Applications, and Business Process Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

his paper develops a conceptual model to study the role of outsourcing strategies and plant-level information technology (IT) application infrastructure in the outsourcing of production and support business processes, as well as their subsequent impact on overall plant performance. We validate this model empirically using cross-sectional survey data from U.S. manufacturing plants. We find that some IT applications are more

Indranil Bardhan; Sunil Mithas; Shu Lin

2009-01-01

54

Future information technology, 1984: telecommunications  

SciTech Connect

This document, the second in a series, focuses on telecommunications technology and related areas in computer organizations. It contains four primary parts: the telecommunications forecast through 1999, three perspectives on the divestitute of AT and T, a discussion of the general impacts of technology on computer security, and the management implications of the trends in information technology. Additionally, it contains the summary of an industry workshop on this forecast, a brief update of the 1983 forecast, and a glossary of terms. This forecast is a companion to Future Information Processing Technology - 1983 which contains fifteen year projections of computer hardware and software.

Kay, P.; Powell, P. (eds.)

1984-12-01

55

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

Loken, S.C. [ed.

1993-01-01

56

Women in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a major concern about the drop of young women entering Computer Science degree programs and a drop in the participation of women in these information technology occupations. In all levels of educational institutions across the nation, girls and women remain under-represented in computer and information science studies and subsequently,…

Wentling, Rose Mary; Thomas, Steven P.

2004-01-01

57

Process Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, learn about process technology and career opportunities in this field. Process refers to the steps that chemicals go through to become products, like gasoline or medicine. Process technology is used in just about every manufacturing industry, from pharmaceuticals to automobiles to cosmetics. A process technician keeps the machines that process chemicals running smoothly.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-06-04

58

The Challenge of Information Technology to Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes ideas on five main issues presented at the World Conference on Computers in Education held in Norfolk, Virginia, in August 1985: impact of transferring practical information processing to technology; size of devices; information technology costs; computers at home, in public schools, and universities; and information technology's impact…

Haefner, Klaus

1985-01-01

59

Helsinki University of Technology: Computational Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computational Information Technology is a research group of the Laboratory of Computational Engineering at the Helsinki University of Technology in Finland. This section of the website introduces visitors to the group's work on modelling and analyzing complex physical, technical and economic processes and systems. Researchers "carry out method development and application oriented research on advanced probabilistic and information theoretic methods." Some applications include statistical modelling of financial markets, pattern recognition in neural networks, machine vision for microscope image processing, data mining, and intelligent human-machine interfaces. The Research Projects section describes the group's work in these areas and highlights the mathematical and statistical methods used, such as Bayesian methods, vision geometry, Turing's reaction-diffusion systems, and time-frequency analysis. Each research area has its own website, where the overall project and theoretical framework is described along with images and diagrams. Publications, such as theses and journal articles are listed and some conference proceedings and articles are available to download.

60

Public Perspectives on Government Information Technology: A Review of Survey Research on Privacy, Civil Liberties and the Democratic Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary purpose of the report is to review survey research on public attitudes toward governmental uses of new communication, computing, and information technologies. Particular attention is paid to the implications of governmental information technol...

W. H. Dutton R. G. Meadow

1985-01-01

61

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

62

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

63

Information Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, you'll learn about the wide range of jobs that an information technology (IT) degree can make possible. From PCs to smartphones to cars, almost every tool we use today has computer technology embedded in it. The IT specialist is the person who keeps those computers operating and finds ways to make them run faster and more smoothly, so we can all get our work done.The video runs 1:37 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

64

Interorganizational Governance of Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims at better understanding how information technology (IT) governance supports organizations in their business exchanges with other organizations. Its main objective is to define the various modes of IT governance contributing to successful interorganizational relationships. Borrowing from the network governance area, three major constructs ? structure, processes, and participants ? are considered to study these modes. The maturity

Anne-marie Croteau; François Bergeron

2009-01-01

65

PNNL Information Technology Benchmarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarking is a methodology for searching out industry best practices that lead to superior performance. It is exchanging information, not just with any organization, but with organizations known to be the best within PNNL, in industry, or in dissimilar industries with equivalent functions. It is used as a continuous improvement tool for business and technical processes, products, and services. Information

DD Hostetler

1999-01-01

66

Business Process Reengineering with Information Technology at the Marine Corps Basic School.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis analyzed the principles and concepts of The Marine Corps Basic School (TBS) at the operational level and the current Information Management Systems used to track the progress of new officers. A web-enabled prototype for TBS was developed to op...

B. J. Brauer

2007-01-01

67

Geospatial Technology/Traditional Ecological Knowledge-Derived Information Tools for the Enhancement of Coastal Restoration Decision Support Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research investigated the feasibility and benefits of integrating geospatial technology with traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of an indigenous Louisiana coastal population in order to assess the impacts of current and historical ecosystem change to community viability. The primary goal was to provide resource managers with a comprehensive method of assessing localized ecological change in the Gulf Coast region that can benefit community sustainability. Using Remote Sensing (RS), Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and other geospatial technologies integrated with a coastal community's TEK to achieve this goal, the objectives were (1) to determine a method for producing vulnerability/sustainability mapping products for an ecosystem-dependent livelihood base of a coastal population that results from physical information derived from RS imagery and supported, refined, and prioritized with TEK, and (2) to demonstrate how such an approach can engage affected community residents who are interested in understanding better marsh health and ways that marsh health can be recognized, and the causes of declining marsh determined and addressed. TEK relevant to the project objectives collected included: changes in the flora and fauna over time; changes in environmental conditions observed over time such as land loss; a history of man-made structures and impacts to the area; as well as priority areas of particular community significance or concern. Scientific field data collection measured marsh vegetation health characteristics. These data were analyzed for correlation with satellite image data acquired concurrently with field data collection. Resulting regression equations were applied to the image data to produce estimated marsh health maps. Historical image datasets of the study area were acquired to understand evolution of land change to current conditions and project future vulnerability. Image processing procedures were developed and applied to produce maps that detail land change in the study area at time intervals from 1968 to 2009. This information was combined with the TEK and scientific datasets in a GIS to produce mapping products that provide new information to the coastal restoration decision making process. This information includes: (1) what marsh areas are most vulnerable; and (2) what areas are most significant to the sustainability of the community.

Bethel, Matthew Byron

68

Military Applications for Information Extraction Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The amount of information that must be processed for military purposes presents a daunting challenge to administrators, analysts, and leaders. The advent of information extraction technology that uses artificial intelligence techniques to apply meaning to...

P. S. Walczak

1995-01-01

69

Information Technology and Healthcare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In July 2004, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) launched its initiative to develop a National Health Information Infrastructure. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to create an electronic health record (EHR) for every American so that health records can be securely shared among health care providers. This Topic in Depth explores developments in electronic health records and technology.This first website (1) is the official site for the National Health Information Infrastructure 2004: Cornerstones for Electronic Healthcare. Some current ideas for how to share medical records, such as secured online postings or saving data on flash disks are discussed in this article from PC World (2). This next article (3) discusses another development in information technology, implantable electronic identification chips. The fourth website (4) presents findings from a recent Medical Records Institute survey of health providers on their current uses, future hopes and perceived barriers to electronic health record systems. One challenge for the initiative is interoperability, which is explained generally on this website (5). The issue of interoperability, as well as privacy and fragmentation in the health industry are addressed in the Preliminary Roadmap for Achieving Electronic Connectivity in Healthcare released by Connecting for Health (6). For more on current research on technology supporting the use of electronic records see this website from The Electronic Record Development and Implementation Programme (ERDIP) (7).

70

Information Technology, Responsibility, and Anthropology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is one potential object of responsibility as we know from texts about computer ethics, information ethics etc. This article aims to demonstrate that the ethical problems of computers and information technology frequently result from anthropological assumptions. The interaction of humans and computers is more than just the use of a value-neutral tool. The use of information technology changes

Bernd Carsten Stahl

2002-01-01

71

Information Technology: Veterans Affairs Can Further Improve Its Development Process for Its New Education Benefits System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Post-9/11 GI Bill was signed into law in June 2008 and provides educational assistance for veterans and members of the armed forces who served on or after September 11, 2001. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is responsible for processing claims...

2010-01-01

72

Student Technology Use in the Information-Seeking and Information-Gathering Process: A Critical Incident Approach for Benchmarking Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is an exploratory study of student behavior using online tools to do project-based work for a library science course at a mid-sized Midwestern public university. The population was 22 net generation students aged 18-24, who were enrolled in an Introduction to Information Resources course. The study was designed to better understand…

Cordes, Sean

2012-01-01

73

Student Technology Use in the Information-Seeking and Information-Gathering Process: A Critical Incident Approach for Benchmarking Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an exploratory study of student behavior using online tools to do project-based work for a library science course at a mid-sized Midwestern public university. The population was 22 net generation students aged 18-24, who were enrolled in an Introduction to Information Resources course. The study was designed to better understand…

Cordes, Sean

2012-01-01

74

Outsourcing information technology  

SciTech Connect

Although it has become almost routine in most industries, outsourcing has only emerged as a hot topic in the utility industry over the past few years. Information technology (IT) is a prime candidate for outsourcing alternatives. And while not a panacea for all utilities, the trend to consider outsourcing one or more IT functions will become increasingly important as companies struggle to cope with deregulation and competitive pressures. This article describes how to determine if outsourcing is a viable alternative for a utility, and how to determine what is to be outsourced and how to manage the contract.

Gordon, K.A. (Planmetrics Inc., Chicago, IL (United States))

1994-01-15

75

Information Technology: Perspectives and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The full impact of the current information technology and networking revolution remains unknown, but the experiences of organizations and individuals who are using the tools and resources offered by information technology suggest that it may change our social fabric. Some of the current and emerging trends in information technology include: the…

Robinson, Doug

76

Information Technology and Monetary Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

I. Introduction The purpose of this conference is to examine the trend toward a world economy based on knowledge or information technology. In this opening speech, I would like to focus on the monetary policy implications of this trend. In my view, information technology—the use of computers, software, or networks—has two countervailing effects on monetary policy. First, information technology makes

John B. Taylor

1998-01-01

77

Information and technology transfer in Brazil: evolution and perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the evolution of the scientific and technological information infrastructure in Brazil, considering information as an input in the organization’s chain of values. Discusses the problem of information services for science and technology, as well as the offer and use of technological information in Brazil. Analyses the perspectives for information management in the technological transference process.

Maria Matilde Kronka Dias; Waldomiro Vergueiro

1998-01-01

78

Geographic Information Science: New methods and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geographical Information Science is essentially computational ge- ography and has its own research program, namely all aspects of formal models for spatial natural processes and the interaction of humans with the environment in space and time. This is not a question of technology and technology-related research; but technology influences what questions can be researched eectively. Collection of data in the

Andrew U. Frank

79

77 FR 2734 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...the opportunity to advance information technology resources of the...

2012-01-19

80

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

81

NASA's Materials and Processes Technology Information System (MAPTIS): How It Relates to Sustainable Aerospace Advanced Manufacturing and Sustainable Materials Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our poster shows how MAPTIS relates to Sustainable Aerospace Advanced Manufacturing and Sustainable Materials Management. MAPTIS is a 'pre- Milestone B' design-engineering tool. MAPTIS provides materials and manufacturing processes information to design-e...

C. C. Hudson I. Higuchi

2011-01-01

82

Information and Communication Technology: 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Supplemental to the current Annual Capital Expenditure Survey (ACES), the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Survey collects investment figures related to technology falling below a company's capitalization threshold. This survey is sent to a ...

2006-01-01

83

Management demands on information and communication technology in process-oriented health-care organizations : The importance of understanding managers’ expectations during early phases of systems design  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are numerous challenges to overcome before information and communication technology (ICT) can achieve its full potential in process-oriented health-care organizations. One of these challenges is designing systems that meet users’ needs, while reflecting a continuously changing organizational environment. Another challenge is to develop ICT that supports both the internal and the external stakeholders’ demands. In this study a qualitative

Anna Andersson; Vivian Vimarlund; Toomas Timpka

2002-01-01

84

New Information and Communication Technology cutting edge solutions for marine conditions prediction and logistics processes management in offshore renewable energy infrastructures installation and maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes and prospects about the application and development of some new key Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools, at present and in the future, integrated in a new common platform, to improve costs, health and safety in offshore renewable energy infrastructure logistics process, installation tasks and maintenance operations. The development of new tools to apply to logistics is

J. J. Gonzalez; P. de Castro; R. Minguez; R. Guanche

2011-01-01

85

Cognitive technologies for gist processing.  

PubMed

Cognitive technologies extend our cognitive abilities, yet they are currently deficient in many respects. According to fuzzy-trace theory, people are gist processors with a fuzzy-processing preference, and information is mentally represented along a fuzzy-to-verbatim continuum. An understanding of gist processing could form the basis of a new generation of more effective cognitive technologies. This suggests, first, the need for new tools to help Web page creators optimize gist representations of text. Such a system could provide feedback about the visitor's gist and make recommendations about rewriting. It also suggests the need for new tools to help authors create more effective means of presenting quantitative data in visual form. The advocated approach capitalizes on the collective knowledge of communities of practice on the Web. Finally, it suggests the need for new tools for collecting input from users. The facial composite system EvoFIT is cited as an example. PMID:16956092

Wolfe, Christopher R

2006-05-01

86

Parallel Information Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines parallel computer architecture and the use of parallel processors for text. Topics discussed include parallel algorithms; performance evaluation; parallel information processing; parallel access methods for text; parallel and distributed information retrieval systems; parallel hardware for text; and network models for information

Rasmussen, Edie M.

1992-01-01

87

New Technology and Information Explosion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A flood of new electronic technologies promises to usher in the Information Age and alter economic and social structures. Telematics, a potent combination of telecommunications and computer technologies, could eventually bring huge volumes of information to great numbers of people by making large data bases accessible to computer terminals in…

Johns, David

88

Information Technology and Disabilities (ITD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Electronic Journal: Information Technology and Disabilities: Refereed journal focussed on the development and effective use of new and emerging technologies by computer users with disabilities. Founded by EASI (Equal Access to Software and Information), topics include issues affecting rehabilitation counselors, human resources professionals, and developers of adaptive computer hardware and software products.

1994-01-01

89

Study on environmental information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept and category was discussed in this paper, which introduces the present situation and several basic questions and studied methods of environmental information technology, centers on several kinds of environmental information technology, and prospects for the developmental trend of it. It is important to solve environmental problems, prevent environmental pollution, benefit human beings.

Ji-hong Zhou; Yu lian; Zhong-tao Shi; Xiao-tao Gou; Jun-guang Zhao; Ping Li

2009-01-01

90

Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format ... Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Information Technology ...

91

SCHOOL LEADERSHIP AND INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration. Hence, educational leaders must understand, promote and implement the notion that technology integration

Mojgan AFSHARI; Kamariah Abu BAKAR; Wong Su LUAN; Bahaman Abu SAMAH; Foo Say FOOI

2008-01-01

92

Information Technology and Vermont Education Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a position paper of the Vermont State Technology Council regarding the development of information technology skills and knowledge. Essential skills are identified and linked to the Vermont Education Goals, including skills in word processing, databases, spreadsheets, telecommunications, visual-audio-output, computer simulations, desktop…

Judson, Anne

1995-01-01

93

Signal Processing Information Base  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Signal Processing Information Base(SPIB) is a project sponsored by the Signal Processing Society and the National Science Foundation. SPIB is a repository of data, papers, software, newsgroups, bibliographies, and addresses of interest to the signal processing community, as well as links to other relevant repositories.

94

Intelligence, Information Technology, and Information Warfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses the use of information technology for intelligence and information warfare in the context of national security and reviews the status of clandestine collection. Discusses hacking, human agent collection, signal interception, covert action, counterintelligence and security, and communications between intelligence producers and consumers…

Davies, Philip H. J.

2002-01-01

95

Information Technology for the Food Manufacturing Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The direct and indirect use of information technology (IT) as an intermediate input in the U.S. food system is empirically examined to provide insight into how Information Technology has affected the production processes of the U.S. Food Manufacturing Industry (FMI) over time. The benchmark U.S. Input-Output tables for 1972, 1982, 1992, and 1997 are used to assess how changes in

Chinkook Lee

2005-01-01

96

Building support for health information technologies.  

PubMed

Despite the increasing role of information technology in health care, its use still lags behind that occurring in other sectors. Factors contributing to this include the complex health care environment and conflicting political agendas. Building political support for information technology in health care depends on understanding the importance of stakeholders and the environment in which they operate. It is important to involve stakeholders early in the process of implementing new information technology in order to identify needs, barriers, and non-starters. Understanding the historical experience of the community and its past attempts at using information technology is also important. Quality of care issues, nursing shortages, cost control concerns, health insurance costs and coverage rates, institutional solvency, and overwhelming paperwork are current problems in the healthcare environment that can hinder willingness to invest in information technology. Ironically, information technology can also help remedy these problems. Impact on workflow, privacy of personal health information, and system reliability, interoperability, and the ease of updating the system can all have political ramifications with regard to acceptance and implementation of information technology. PMID:15455845

Rippen, Helga

2003-01-01

97

Process Technologies for Nitrogen Fertilizers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The most important processes used for making nitrogen fertilizer materials are summarized in this document. A guide is provided to the selection of process technologies for developing countries interested in initiating efforts in this sector. The processe...

V. S. Pillai

1978-01-01

98

Global Information Technology Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization is the perception of the world as one big market place. The notion of the boundariless world is expected to produce dramatic changes in key markets, major competitors, and Information Tech- nology products. As a result, organizations are encouraged to rise above the national boundaries and change their orientation to global corporations. Further, the increased spending in Global Information

Sudesh M. Duggal

2002-01-01

99

Information Technology Vision: 2000, 2002. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document represents a major component of Nevada's Truckee Meadows Community College (TMCC) strategic planning activities and elaborates on the technology functions found in the college strategic plan. Information resources at TMCC are grouped into five areas: (1) administrative computing, the area of information processing that supports the…

Truckee Meadows Community Coll., Sparks, NV.

100

From group work to teamwork: A case study of “Lean” rapid process improvement in the ThedaCare Information Technology Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a mixed-methods case study of process improvement at the information technology (IT) Department of ThedaCare, a Northeast Wisconsin community health system. As part of its broader goal to improve care, ThedaCare launched a “Lean” improvement project directed at IT support or “fix work” services. IT Department staff, IT support service customers, and a Lean facilitator participated in

Richard J. Holden; Greg Hackbart

2012-01-01

101

Technology, Information and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The context for learning, education, and arts has altered dramatically, as has the cultural environment for educators and those involved in artistic and creative activities. Several crucial developments have transformed the terrain of technology, education, art, and culture, profoundly affecting not only the social and political structure of…

Burnett, Ron

1998-01-01

102

Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials. The tutorials fall under the categories of electronics, fiber optics, general computing and programming, general telecommunications, java, math, matlab, networking and physics.

2012-12-17

103

Information Technology and Medically Uninsured  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The uninsured are an invisible face in America. Their health care needs are great and are met by a patchwork of venues scattered\\u000a throughout their communities. Access to health information technology may appear to be unnecessary, given the overwhelming\\u000a needs of individual patients. In fact, health information technology (HIT) represents one possible way to increase quality\\u000a care to this patient

Theresa Cullen

104

Information technologies and patient safety.  

PubMed

Advances in health information technology provide significant opportunities for improvements in surgical patient safety. The adoption and use of electronic health records can enhance communication along the surgical spectrum of care. Bar coding and radiofrequency identification technology are strategies to prevent retained surgical sponges and for tracking the operating room supply chain. Computerized intraoperative monitoring systems can improve the performance of the operating room team. Automated data registries collect patient information to be analyzed and used for surgical quality improvement. PMID:22269262

Ellner, Scott J; Joyner, Paul W

2011-12-05

105

Organizational Leadership through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of information technology (IT) is changing, and is becoming more important for the overall success of colleges today. The structure of IT has not changed much through the years, but a greater amount of institutions exist where multiple areas of technology are being merged back into a single IT organization. The model of IT explored in…

Anderson, John A.

106

RESEARCH TECHNIQUES IN CONSTRUCTION INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important strategic issue in the use of IT by construction organisations is its use as an enabling technology for re-engineering the construction process. An examination of research reveals a tendency in IT research to adopt a mechanical systems view of an organisation's activities: the organisation is treated as a complex of 'black box' processes or sub-systems linked by information

Darryll Crook; John Rooke; David Seymour

1996-01-01

107

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

108

Information Technology and Indigenous People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information Technology and Indigenous People provides theoretical and empirical information related to the planning and execution of IT projects aimed at serving indigenous people. It explores many cultural concerns with IT implementation, including language issues and questions of cultural appropriateness, and brings together cutting-edge…

Dyson, Laurel, Ed.; Hendriks, Max, Ed.; Grant, Stephen, Ed.

2007-01-01

109

Metabolically Efficient Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy efficient information transmission may be relevant to biological\\u000asensory signal processing as well as to low power electronic devices. We\\u000aexplore its consequences in two different regimes. In an ``immediate'' regime,\\u000awe argue that the information rate should be maximized subject to a power\\u000aconstraint, while in an ``exploratory'' regime, the transmission rate per power\\u000acost should be maximized.

Vijay Balasubramanian; Michael J. Berry

2001-01-01

110

76 FR 4079 - Information Technology (IT) Security  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and 1852 RIN 2700-AD46 Information Technology (IT) Security AGENCY...requirements related to Information Technology Security, consistent with...protecting the Agency's Information Technology (IT) resources, the...

2011-01-24

111

Bipolar IC Wafer Process Technology,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper introduces Fuji Electric's wafer process technology for bipolar IC's. The processes are classified into two types of 8 micrometer rule characterized by high-current output and high voltage, and 4 micrometer rule characterized by high frequency a...

K. Meguro Y. Nagayasu O. Sasaki

1988-01-01

112

Physics as Information Processing  

SciTech Connect

I review some recent advances in foundational research at Pavia QUIT group. The general idea is that there is only Quantum Theory without quantization rules, and the whole Physics - including space-time and relativity - is emergent from the quantum-information processing. And since Quantum Theory itself is axiomatized solely on informational principles, the whole Physics must be reformulated in information-theoretical terms: this is the It from bit of J. A. Wheeler.The review is divided into four parts: a) the informational axiomatization of Quantum Theory; b) how space-time and relativistic covariance emerge from quantum computation; c) what is the information-theoretical meaning of inertial mass and of ({h_bar}/2{pi}), and how the quantum field emerges; d) an observational consequence of the new quantum field theory: a mass-dependent refraction index of vacuum. I will conclude with the research lines that will follow in the immediate future.

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', 27100 Pavia (Italy) and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo IV, Sezione di Pavia (Italy)

2011-03-28

113

Quantum information processing: cryptography, computation, and teleportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Present information technology is based on the laws of classical physics. However, advances in quantum physics have stimulated interest in its potential impact on such technology. This article is an introductory review of three aspects of quantum information processing, cryptography, computation, and teleportation. The author serves up hors d'oeuvres on the relevant parts of quantum physics and the sorts of

TIMOTHY P. SPILLER

1996-01-01

114

Pitfalls of information technology management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an economy of rapid technological change managers need to be aware of newer technologies and how the adoption of these technologies affects competitive advantages. Information technology management systems are not delivering to business needs. A model is constructed to better understand information technology management systems. This is done using two approaches firstly a) managers information technology preferences are linked

Raj Siriram

2011-01-01

115

Improving patient safety through information technology.  

PubMed

Health information technology (HIT) is generally accepted as the solution for the nation's medical error crisis. Although limited studies suggest the importance of using HIT in the process of medication management, research has failed to adequately describe how HIT actually works in capturing medication error data and improving patient safety within a healthcare system.1-3 The aim of our study is to identify essential elements in the adoption of technology within the broader context of system change and workflow modification. Using the adoption of an electronic reporting system to improve patient safety, we examine the role of this technology within process improvement, culture, and workflow. PMID:18066373

Brown, C Andrew; Bailey, Jessica H; Miller Davis, Margaret E; Garrett, Paula; Rudman, William J

2005-09-27

116

Immunology as Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes the behavior of the immune system from an informationprocessing perspective. It reviews a series of projects conducted at the University of New Mexico and the Santa Fe Institute, which have developed and explored the theme "immunology as information processing." The projects cover the spectrum from serious modeling of real immunological phenomena, such as crossreactive responses in animals

Stephanie Forrest; Steven A. Hofmeyr

2000-01-01

117

Information processing and ptsd  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a series of studies that have utilized information-processing paradigms with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) populations. The review suggests that pre-trauma measures of intelligence (IQ) are predictive of the development of PTSD symptoms following trauma. There is also evidence of impaired performance on standardized tests of memory (independent of IQ) in PTSD populations. PTSD populations are found to

Todd C. Buckley; Edward B. Blanchard; W. Trammell Neill

2000-01-01

118

Management of information technology in academic information services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dependency of academic information services on information technology is growing, particularly as information technology is the primary infrastructure of a digital library. This is compound by the fast changing\\/developing nature of information technology and the trend towards digitisation. The changing nature of information technology contributes to the need to manage it. The focus of this article is on the

Marinus Swanepoel; Adeline Du Toit; Pieter A. Van Brakel

2001-01-01

119

Privacy and Health Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased use of health information technology (health IT) is a common element of nearly every health reform proposal because it has the potential to decrease costs, improve health outcomes, coordinate care, and improve public health. However, it raises concerns about security and privacy of medical information.\\u000aThis paper examines some of the “gaps” in privacy protections that arise out

Deven McGraw

2009-01-01

120

Role of Information Technology Consultancy in the Transfer of Information Technology to Production and Service Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of the study is to investigate and assess the role of information Technology Consultancy (ITC) in the current process of innovation diffusion and technology transfer. The paper first defines ITC as an independent activity and points out its specif...

F. Moulaert F. Martinelli F. Djellal

1990-01-01

121

Using information technology to enhance engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews three learning models and information technologies that can be used to support the effective application of these learning models in engineering higher education. The effectiveness of an information technology is analyzed through the appropriateness of the technology in supporting a particular learning model. The mapping of information technologies to learning models identifies technologies in which engineering schools

Heng Li

1996-01-01

122

Metabolically efficient information processing.  

PubMed

Energy-efficient information transmission may be relevant to biological sensory signal processing as well as to low-power electronic devices. We explore its consequences in two different regimes. In an "immediate" regime, we argue that the information rate should be maximized subject to a power constraint, and in an "exploratory" regime, the transmission rate per power cost should be maximized. In the absence of noise, discrete inputs are optimally encoded into Boltzmann distributed output symbols. In the exploratory regime, the partition function of this distribution is numerically equal to 1. The structure of the optimal code is strongly affected by noise in the transmission channel. The Arimoto-Blahut algorithm, generalized for cost constraints, can be used to derive and interpret the distribution of symbols for optimal energy-efficient coding in the presence of noise. We outline the possibilities and problems in extending our results to information coding and transmission in neurobiological systems. PMID:11255570

Balasubramanian, V; Kimber, D; Berry, M J

2001-04-01

123

Technological Due Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distinct and complementary procedures for adjudication and rulemaking lie at the heart of twentieth-century administrative law. Due process requires agencies to provide individuals notice and an opportunity to be heard. Through public rulemaking, agencies can foreclose policy issues that individuals might otherwise raise in adjudication. One system allows for focused advocacy; the other features broad participation. Each procedural regime compensates

Danielle Keats Citron

2008-01-01

124

Technological Due Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distinct and complementary procedures for adjudications and rulemaking lie at the heart of twentieth-century administrative law. Due process required agencies to provide individuals notice and an opportunity to be heard. Agencies could foreclose policy issues that individuals might otherwise raise in adjudications through public rulemaking. One system allowed focused advocacy; the other featured broad participation. Each procedural regime compensated for

Danielle Keats Citron

2008-01-01

125

Management of risks in information technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) projects are renowned for their high failure rate. Risk management is an essential process for the successful delivery of IT projects. In-depth interviews with IT professionals from leading firms in Western Australia were undertaken to determine how IT risks were managed in their projects. The respondents ranked 27 IT risks in terms of likelihood and consequences to

David Baccarini; Geoff Salm; Peter E. D. Love

2004-01-01

126

Information Systems Technology: On Entering Stage III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes three stages of the automation of information processing systems by combining the concept of the exponential growth of operational capabilities with three characteristics: computational capability, ability to store data, and ability to communicate data. The growth of fiberoptic technology is described as beginning the third stage. (EM)|

Koenig, Michael E. D.

1987-01-01

127

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLIED TO ENGINEERING GEOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This keynote paper describes the application of Information Technology to various aspects of Engineering Geology, from data requirements, data handling and processing to numerical and GIS modelling and visualization. It is illustrated with a number of practical examples developed in The Netherlands. RESUME: Cet article décrit l'application de technologie de l'information à des aspects d'ingénierie géologique, depuis la demande des

Niek Rengers; Robert Hack; Marco Huisman; Siefko Slob; Wolter Zigterman

2002-01-01

128

An evaluation of the Today's Information Processing Skills (TIPS) technology training program at Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to complete a summative evaluation of the TIPS training program at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). The TIPS program was a non-credit computer training program for students at IUPUI taught in workshop format in both open enrollment sections and at faculty request. Various technology topics were included. Two considerations are important in technology workshops

Patricia Ann Nun

1999-01-01

129

Will Information Technologies Help Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Authors aim in this paper is to clarify technology's impact on learning and to illuminate the forces behind this impact, so that informed citizens may participate more fully in guiding a coherent evolution of the nation's strategic resources for learning. (Authors/CB)|

Oettinger, Anthony G.; Zapol, Nikki

1972-01-01

130

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of all issues/pages of the electronic journal "Information Technology and Disabilities" published during 1996, i.e., a total of 13 ITD articles: (1) "New CSUF (California State University at Fullerton) Braille Transcription Center Promotes Access to Postsecondary Instructional Materials for the California State University…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1996-01-01

131

Information Society Technologies in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing demand for more efficient and effective health- care services, coupled with an implicit requirement for supporting citi- zen mobility and continuity of care, is currently setting the stage for the exploitation of Information and Telecommunications Technologies in the health sector. The current vision comprises affordable wireless access to healthcare resources and services for all citizens, thus making medical

Dimitrios G. Katehakis; Manolis Tsiknakis; Stelios C. Orphanoudakis

2000-01-01

132

Intellectual Property Meets Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses issues that products of information technology raise for intellectual property. Describes three kinds of support that the university may contribute to the creation of an intellectual product: financial, intellectual, and reputational. Discusses the standards of accuracy, appropriateness, and fairness that the university must uphold. (AEF)

Thompson, Dennis F.

1999-01-01

133

Academic libraries and information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the convergence of the academic library and the information technology departments regarding whether this is, as has been suggested, “an arranged marriage” or a synchronous melding of two related services, and to establish an awareness of the various models resulting from this concept. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form

Bruce E. Massis

2011-01-01

134

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Building an Accessible CD-ROM Reference Station" (Rochelle Wyatt and Charles Hamilton); "Development of an Accessible User Interface for People Who Are Blind or Vision Impaired as Part of the Re-Computerisation of Royal Blind Society…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1994-01-01

135

INFORMATION, TECHNOLOGY, EMBODIMENT AND GROWTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sector of information technologies has been recently invoked to crucially matter in the recent trends and performances of national economies (see for example Gordon, 1999, and Greenwood and Jovanovic, 1999). In this paper, we propose a computable general equilibrium framework in which this sector is explicitly modeled. Indeed, we model this sector to meet the following characteristics. First at

Raouf Boucekkine

2000-01-01

136

Information technology fluency in practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work has stressed the importance of fluency with information technology (IT) in the modern world. This report presents a set of context profiles that detail courses and programs to realize increased IT fluency across a small sampling of academic institutions. The goal is to provide some representative examples for other schools interested in addressing the issues associated with IT

John P. Dougherty; Tom Dececchi; Tony Clear; Brad Richards; Stephen Cooper; Tadeusz Wilusz

2003-01-01

137

A typology of project-level technology transfer processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a conceptual typology of inward technology transfer (ITT), which explicitly considers technology transfer at the project, rather than the firm, level of analysis. Building on extant technology management literature and the organizational theories of information processing and interdependence, we carefully characterize the three dimensions of the typology: the technology uncertainty of the technology that is transferred, the

Gregory N. Stock; Mohan V. Tatikonda

2000-01-01

138

New information technologies in spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigation of gas media spectroscopy at high temperature is accompanied by large and complex data amount. In order to manage these data one should use specialized information systems able to execute formal stale operations with friendly interface. In the present paper we discuss the problems of development of an integral distributed information system using up-to-date object oriented technologies and technologies for distributed systems based on CORBA 2.0 (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). On the basis of modern information technologies we have developed HOTGAS and SMOLA software. Both can be run under Windows operation system. HOTGAS is intended for calculation of spectral line parameters (SLP) and absorption coefficients for CO, CO2 and H2O in 250 - 3000 K temperature range. SMOLA is intended for accumulation, systematization and use of published SLP data for different molecules. It also has a graphic interface and possesses the advantages of other Windows software. To provide comprehensive informational support and to execute all the diversity of tasks in the sphere of rovibrational spectroscopy of gas media we offer a project for integral distributed informational system design.

Sheludyakov, T. Y.; Voitsekhovskaya, Olga K.

2000-01-01

139

National Security Technology Incubator Evaluation Process  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the process by which the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI) will be evaluated. The technology incubator is being developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. This report includes a brief description of the components, steps, and measures of the proposed evaluation process. The purpose of the NSPP is to promote national security technologies through business incubation, technology demonstration and validation, and workforce development. The NSTI will focus on serving businesses with national security technology applications by nurturing them through critical stages of early development. An effective evaluation process of the NSTI is an important step as it can provide qualitative and quantitative information on incubator performance over a given period. The vision of the NSTI is to be a successful incubator of technologies and private enterprise that assist the NNSA in meeting new challenges in national safety and security. The mission of the NSTI is to identify, incubate, and accelerate technologies with national security applications at various stages of development by providing hands-on mentoring and business assistance to small businesses and emerging or growing companies. To achieve success for both incubator businesses and the NSTI program, an evaluation process is essential to effectively measure results and implement corrective processes in the incubation design if needed. The evaluation process design will collect and analyze qualitative and quantitative data through performance evaluation system.

None

2007-12-31

140

Community-based Information Technology Workforce Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-based Information Technology Workforce Development is a design pattern for community computing in which community members build the information and activities of their own information infrastructure, and though doing this, and through sharing with other community members, they develop and enhance their information technology skills. This is a vision for continuous community learning about information technology, and a programme for

John M. Carroll; Daniel R. Dunlap; Philip L. Isenhour; Andrea Kavanaugh; Mary Beth Rosson; Wendy Schafer

141

Information technology, Part 3. The technology hierarchy.  

PubMed

The era of the networked society--and medical care depending on networked intelligence--is dawning. Physicians need to plan for office practice information systems in common, with an eye to conveying data electronically between all the locations of care and all the providers involved in caring for defined populations of people. The shared database will become the most important asset of the collection of providers who make up the delivery system that creates it. This will be accomplished by layering technology on local and wide-area networks of group practices, hospitals, health plans, and payers and developing standards that make data accessible in the same format to all users, no matter where they are. PMID:10161956

Ruffin, M

1996-09-01

142

Polarization radar processing technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comprehensive effort is presented involving measurements and performance evaluation for the detection of scatters immersed in a background of natural and man-made clutter using polarization diverse waveforms. The effort spans evaluation from the initial stages of theoretical formulation to processor performance evaluation using real world data. The theoretical approach consists of determining polarimetric statistical properties of the backscatter waveform and the use of these properties to derive the optimum dual polarized S-Band radar system with selectable polarization on both transmit and receive. Recording equipment consists of 12 bit digital in-phase and quadrature channels indexed in time and phase for both polarizations. Several processors utilizing optimum and sub-optimum algorithms were evaluated using simulated and live radar data, and performance results were compared. The processor types include fully adaptive algorithms designed to operate on polarimetric spectral spread waveforms, and several combinations of single channel and polarization diverse receivers with both single and dual transmit polarization. A conventional fixed transmit and receive mode with no spectral processing is included. Comparisons are made between the various processors. The simulated and real data consist of randomly scattered dipoles, spheres, Swerling type scatters, and scatters of opportunity.

Stiefvater, Kenneth C.; Brown, Russell D.; Vannicola, Vincent C.; Wicks, Michael C.

1989-10-01

143

Information Technology and Corporate Strategy: A Research Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information technology (IT) as a competitive weapon has become a popular cliché; but there is still a marked lack of understanding of the issues that determine the influence of information technology on a particular organization and the processes that will allow a smooth coordination of technology and corporate strategy. This article surveys the major efforts to arrive

J. Yannis Bakos; Michael E. Treacy

1986-01-01

144

Higher Education and Information Technology: The Russian Federation State Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the process of introducing new information technologies in the Russian Federation higher education system. Illustrates the condition of Russian higher education and presents concepts and major programs of federal information technology policy. Shows how Udmurt State University, Izhevsk, Russia, has integrated new technology issues in…

Matveyev, Aleksei G.; Zhuravlyov, Vitaly A.

1997-01-01

145

Information Technologies — Challenges of the 1990S: A Company View  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major challenges of the 1990s in the field of information services have already evolved from the so-called “information explosion” of the latter part of this century — namely, 1. coping with the volume of information and 2. processing it faster. Technologies that are already in place will become more sophisticated to help information specialists process their product to meet

J. Anne Milochik

1991-01-01

146

The Information Technology Spillover Effect and Substitution Effect Analyses on Economics in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the developing of the information technology, the information technology plays more important role in economy. The information technology innovation's forming process not only produces economic effect itself, but also has some influence on the other related industry. The influence effect analyses of the information technology on the economic growth includes two parts : The information technology innovation's forming and

Su Huixiang

2010-01-01

147

Swarm intelligence and spatial information process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the development of spatial data collection technologies, more and more spatial data have been collected through various ways. Increasing demands are being put forward on use of spatial data in many aspects such as spatial data analysis, spatial data mining and knowledge discovery. Swarm intelligence is one of the most known examples in different manners, which offers an alternative way for spatial information process. This paper intends to focus on this new approach in spatial information process by using swarm intelligence. We first study the mechanism of this issue from a new point view, then the advantages of this advanced technology in spatial information process is discussed, and the research status in the field of spatial information process is studied. Last we presented applied Nature Inspired System for the future intelligent spatial information process.

Ge, Xiaosan; Zhu, Xuehua; Xu, Keke

2008-11-01

148

Nuclear Technology: Making Informed Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a unit on nuclear technology which is taught in a physics class. Explains the unit design, implementation process, demonstrations used, and topics of discussion that include light and optics, naturally and artificially produced sources of radioactivity, nuclear equations, isotopes and half-lives, and power-generating nuclear reactors.…

Altshuler, Kenneth

1989-01-01

149

Geospatial Technology\\/Traditional Ecological Knowledge-Derived Information Tools for the Enhancement of Coastal Restoration Decision Support Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated the feasibility and benefits of integrating geospatial technology with traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of an indigenous Louisiana coastal population in order to assess the impacts of current and historical ecosystem change to community viability. The primary goal was to provide resource managers with a comprehensive method of assessing localized ecological change in the Gulf Coast region that

Matthew Byron Bethel

2010-01-01

150

New technologies for signal processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The signal processors considered include the charge-transfer device (CTD) and the surface acoustic-wave (SAW) device. A CTD is an array of closely spaced capacitors fabricated by using metal oxide semiconductor technology. The basic operation of a CTD delay line is discussed along with two applications that are made possible by the unique capabilities of the CTD. In SAW devices information

R. W. Brodersen; R. M. White

1977-01-01

151

Internship in Information Technology Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This spring semester I had the opportunity to do my internship in department of Information Technology Service (ITS) in KSU. I interned in the Computer Lab which is one division of ITS.\\u000aThe purpose of my internship is to demonstrate the ability to apply what I have learned from the classroom to an actual work experience. The analysis of the

Weiqiang Li

2009-01-01

152

Federal Information Processing Standards Publication: Dictionary for Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication adopts X3/TR-1, American National Dictionary for Information Processing, which provides a common reference within the Federal Government for terms and definitions used in such information processing activities as the representation, commu...

J. Walkowicz

1977-01-01

153

Information technology support to construction design and production  

Microsoft Academic Search

This editorial paper introduces this special issue of the journal by giving an overview of the other papers that follow. It introduces non-construction readers to the nature of the construction process, the different levels of activity within the process, and the generic information technologies being applied in the sector. It then examines the use of information technology (IT) within different

Peter Brandon; Martin Betts; Hans Wamelink

1998-01-01

154

Conversation in cyberspace: informal education and new technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the possibilities and pitfalls of new technology applications to informal education as practised in youth work. Processes and values in informal education are outlined. These include the significance of process and conversation and the commitment to anti-oppressive practice. The application of new technology is measured against this template. Contrasting views from young people and community groups are

Ron Kirby

2001-01-01

155

Why informal information technology management models do not work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty years ago, very few universities had information technology departments. The university personnel who worked with computer technology usually had backgrounds in mathematics or engineering. Technology management was an alien concept. This worked fine for that era because there was very little technology to manage and therefore, very few Information Technology personnel to manage. As the discipline matured, the need

James Lackey; Steve Brown

2002-01-01

156

Processing technology for nickel aluminides  

SciTech Connect

Ductile ordered intermetallic alloys of nickel aluminum or nickel aluminum chromium have been developed by optimized additions of boron. These alloys show excellent elevated temperature mechnical properties and corrosion properties. However, in order for the alloys to find use in various applications, they should be fabricable by either the well established or innovative processing technologies. This paper discusses the details of fabrication technology being pursued at ORNL. The processes being investigated include powder consolidation by extrusion, powder consolidation by capping, isothermal forging of powder compacted material, twin-roller casting to thin sheet followed by cold-rolling, direct casting rod from liquid, extrusion of billets made by argon-induction melting and electroslag remelting processes, injection molding of powders, and hot isostatic pressing of powders. Relative merits of each process are discussed. Mechanical properties data on products made by various processes are also presented and compared.

Sikka, V.K.

1986-01-01

157

Information technology and global change science  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this paper is to identify and briefly describe major existing and near term information technologies that cold have a positive impact on the topics being discussed at this conference by helping to manage the data of global change science and helping global change scientists conduct their research. Desktop computer systems have changed dramatically during the past seven years. Faster data processing can be expected in the future through full development of traditional serial computer architectures. Some other proven information technologies may be currently underutilized by global change scientists. Relational database management systems and good organization of data through the use of thoughtful database design would enable the scientific community to better share and maintain quality research data. Custodians of the data should use rigorous data administration to ensure integrity and long term value of the data resource. Still other emerging information technologies that involve the use of artificial intelligence, parallel computer architectures, and new sensors for data collection will be in relatively common use in the near term and should become part of the global science community's technical toolkit. Consideration should also be given to the establishment of Information Analysis Centers to facilitate effective organization and management of interdisciplinary data and the prototype testing and use of advanced information technology to facilitate rapid and cost-effective integration of these tools into global change science. 8 refs.

Baxter, F.P.

1990-01-01

158

Lipl: Linear Information Processing Language.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This memorandum is a supplement to the 'Information Processing Language-V Manual,' detailing a new alternate format in which (Information Processing Language) routines and data can be represented. Specifically, LIPL (Linear IPL) is a horizontal, linear, p...

R. Dupchak

1965-01-01

159

Importance of Processing Plant Information  

EIA Publications

This presentation provides information about the importance of information about natural gas processing plants, particularly during periods of natural gas supply disruption, such as hurricanes. It also provides information about a relatively new survey instrument to collect information from natural gas processing plants during non-emergency and supply-emergency conditions.

Information Center

2009-06-22

160

New Technology and Manufacturing Processes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New Technology and Manufacturing Processes is part of the Pittsburgh Supercomputer Center's (PSC's) annual report for 2002. It is comprised of fifteen articles that describe research and innovations at PSC during the year, including areas of Manufacturing Process Design, Semiconductor Design and Production, Design of New Materials, and Aerospace Engineering and Design. The articles are contributed from many different sources and institutions, but they all worked with PSC to take advantage of its powerful terascale computer system for advanced simulation and analysis.

1998-01-01

161

Distillation process using microchannel technology  

DOEpatents

The disclosed invention relates to a distillation process for separating two or more components having different volatilities from a liquid mixture containing the components. The process employs microchannel technology for effecting the distillation and is particularly suitable for conducting difficult separations, such as the separation of ethane from ethylene, wherein the individual components are characterized by having volatilities that are very close to one another.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Dublin, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Carbondale, IL); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Yuschak, Thomas (Dublin, OH); Hickey, Thomas P. (Dublin, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Smith, Amanda (Galloway, OH); Litt, Robert Dwayne (Westerville, OH); Neagle, Paul (Westerville, OH)

2009-11-03

162

Information Technology Section. Management and Technology Division. Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers on information technology, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "Automation's Impact on (Information) Users" by Arja-Riitta Haarala (Finland); (2) "Economics and Politics of Information Technology: Some Trends in Its Application to Information for the…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

163

Underlying Technical Models for Information Technology Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Report for Information Technology Security provides a description of the technical foundations, termed 'models,' that underlie secure information technology (IT). The intent is to provide, in a concise form, the models that should be considered in the...

G. R. Stoneburner

2001-01-01

164

Introduction. Information, knowledge and technology.  

PubMed

Technology is the sum of the ways in which social groups manipulate order in the world to achieve their ends. It enables our active engagement with the world. Technology is central to our present well-being and vital for our future survival. As such it needs a coherent world view, a conceptual framework which will enable the fundamental problems that it poses for society to be approached in an illuminating way. Furthermore, such an approach, while remaining convincing, must not be overwhelmed by an ever-increasing welter of specialization and diversity of application. It is the purpose of the set of papers presented here to examine some key aspects of such a conceptual framework; not in the sense of offering a fully worked out philosophy of technology--that would be a huge and complex undertaking--but rather by considering some key topics. Subsidiary aims are to survey important relevant areas, to identify key sources that can provide access points for further study, and to consider some possible future developments. Major, coherent domains of activity are characterized by a few, fundamental, extensively used and essentially unifying concepts. Technology is such a domain, and its fundamental concepts are information, knowledge and agency. The following sections give a synoptic overview of the material presented in this theme issue, and set it within a wider context. PMID:12952675

MacFarlane, Alistair G J

2003-08-15

165

Environmental effects of information and communications technologies.  

PubMed

The digital revolution affects the environment on several levels. Most directly, information and communications technology (ICT) has environmental impacts through the manufacturing, operation and disposal of devices and network equipment, but it also provides ways to mitigate energy use, for example through smart buildings and teleworking. At a broader system level, ICTs influence economic growth and bring about technological and societal change. Managing the direct impacts of ICTs is more complex than just producing efficient devices, owing to the energetically expensive manufacturing process, and the increasing proliferation of devices needs to be taken into account. PMID:22094696

Williams, Eric

2011-11-16

166

A NOVEL WET PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have evaluated the hydrodynamics of current wet processing techniques for high density pattern etching. The diffusion layer proved to be the main obstacle for a controlled manufacturing of patterns smaller than 100 microns. The result is a limited line resolution and acuity with unacceptably low yields. By utilizing mechanical action at the interface, a novel technology accelerates the transport

Igor Kadija

167

A transfer of technology from engineering: use of ROC curves from signal detection theory to investigate information processing in the brain during sensory difference testing.  

PubMed

This article reviews a beneficial effect of technology transfer from Electrical Engineering to Food Sensory Science. Specifically, it reviews the recent adoption in Food Sensory Science of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, a tool that is incorporated in the theory of signal detection. Its use allows the information processing that takes place in the brain during sensory difference testing to be studied and understood. The review deals with how Signal Detection Theory, also called Thurstonian modeling, led to the adoption of a more sophisticated way of analyzing the data from sensory difference tests, by introducing the signal-to-noise ratio, d', as a fundamental measure of perceived small sensory differences. Generally, the method of computation of d' is a simple matter for some of the better known difference tests like the triangle, duo-trio and 2-AFC. However, there are occasions when these tests are not appropriate and other tests like the same-different and the A Not-A test are more suitable. Yet, for these, it is necessary to understand how the brain processes information during the test before d' can be computed. It is for this task that the ROC curve has a particular use. PMID:21535617

Wichchukit, Sukanya; O'Mahony, Michael

168

A Transfer of Technology from Engineering: Use of ROC Curves from Signal Detection Theory to Investigate Information Processing in the Brain during Sensory Difference Testing  

PubMed Central

This article reviews a beneficial effect of technology transfer from Electrical Engineering to Food Sensory Science. Specifically, it reviews the recent adoption in Food Sensory Science of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, a tool that is incorporated in the theory of signal detection. Its use allows the information processing that takes place in the brain during sensory difference testing to be studied and understood. The review deals with how Signal Detection Theory, also called Thurstonian modeling, led to the adoption of a more sophisticated way of analyzing the data from sensory difference tests, by introducing the signal-to-noise ratio, d?, as a fundamental measure of perceived small sensory differences. Generally, the method of computation of d? is a simple matter for some of the better known difference tests like the triangle, duo–trio and 2-AFC. However, there are occasions when these tests are not appropriate and other tests like the same–different and the A Not–A test are more suitable. Yet, for these, it is necessary to understand how the brain processes information during the test before d? can be computed. It is for this task that the ROC curve has a particular use.

Wichchukit, Sukanya; O'Mahony, Michael

2010-01-01

169

Information Technology Outside Health Care  

PubMed Central

Non-health-care uses of information technology (IT) provide important lessons for health care informatics that are often overlooked because of the focus on the ways in which health care is different from other domains. Eight examples of IT use outside health care provide a context in which to examine the content and potential relevance of these lessons. Drawn from personal experience, five books, and two interviews, the examples deal with the role of leadership, academia, the private sector, the government, and individuals working in large organizations. The interviews focus on the need to manage technologic change. The lessons shed light on how to manage complexity, create and deploy standards, empower individuals, and overcome the occasional “wrongness” of conventional wisdom. One conclusion is that any health care informatics self-examination should be outward-looking and focus on the role of health care IT in the larger context of the evolving uses of IT in all domains.

Tuttle, Mark S.

1999-01-01

170

Integrating Information & Communications Technologies into the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Integrating Information & Communications Technologies Into the Classroom" examines topics critical to business, computer science, and information technology education, such as: school improvement and reform, standards-based technology education programs, data-driven decision making, and strategic technology education planning. This book also…

Tomei, Lawrence, Ed.

2007-01-01

171

The Concept of Educational Technology: Problems and Prospects of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looked at the concept of educational technology and the problems as well as the prospects of information and communication technology (ICT) in Nigeria. The paper refereed to educational technology as application of engineering principles or technology to instrumentation useful to the process of teaching and learning. The emergence of ICT revolution in Nigeria has affected the development of

S. W. Wodi

172

Meeting the Challenges of Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) Products: The Information Technology Solutions Evolution Process (ITSEP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government and private organizations are escalating their use of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products in critical business\\u000a systems. These organizations find that the traditional development approach rarely works; that is, the process of defining\\u000a requirements, formulating an architecture, and then trying to find COTS products to meet the specified requirements within\\u000a the defined architecture. We describe an alternative approach, based on

Cecilia Albert; Lisa Brownsword

2002-01-01

173

Patent information for strategic technology management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information in patent data can be used for strategic planning purposes. A conceptual framework is developed showing the use of patent information in core areas of technology management. This paper addresses how patent information can be used for competitor monitoring, technology assessment, R&D portfolio management, the identification and assessment of potential sources for the external generation of technological knowledge,

Holger Ernst

2003-01-01

174

TEACHING RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on an approach to teaching an Information Technology Research Methodology course in a doctoral program, the Doctorate of Management in Information Technology. In this program dissertation research comprises a significant part of the degree following coursework in the domain of information technology. The paper was motivated by the desire to share the experience of the teaching team

S. Alan McCord

175

Integrating health information technology into clinical guidelines.  

PubMed

The current use of Health Information Technology (HIT) within healthcare practice is limited. Clinical guidelines have been developed to bring research based evidence into practice. However, there is no defining step during the development process that explores the use of HIT and how it can benefit the patient, staff and delivery of care process. This paper presents a review of current research on the integration of HIT into clinical guidelines, a methodology for updating and altering the clinical guideline development process to include exploration of HIT and an updated version of the Patient Journey Modeling Architecture (PaJMa) to include a technology layer to assist in visually depicting how HIT can benefit healthcare. PMID:19963615

MacDougall, Candice; Percival, Jennifer; McGregor, Carolyn

2009-01-01

176

Information processing in biological systems  

SciTech Connect

This volume presents frontier research in information processing related to a variety of biological systems, including small assemblies of neurons in the cortex and large-scale metabolic systems; the statistics, dynamics, and phase transitions of stochastic information processing; and the microscopic-macroscopic interface in biological information processing. Physical principles and proteinoid experiments are discussed regarding the emergence of life and information and cause. The final paper offers a design for a one-dimensional brain.

Mintz, S.L.; Perlmutter, A.

1985-01-01

177

Information Technology Implementation Research: A Technological Diffusion Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the innovation and technological diffusion literatures, promising research questions concerning the implementation of a production and inventory control information system (material requirements planning: MRP) are identified and empirically examined. These questions focus on the interaction of managerial tasks with the information technology and the resulting effect on the adoption and infusion of that technology. Using a random sample

Randolph B. Cooper; Robert W. Zmud

1990-01-01

178

[Information technology use in preventing infection].  

PubMed

Infection prevention requires handling enormous amounts of medical information collection, analysis, and delivery--a cumbersome, inefficient process. Hospital information system (HIS) data not intended for preventing infection cannot be used directly for such prevention. The rapid introduction of information technology in infection prevention can potentially solve these problems. The IT-based infection prevention system (ITIPS) structure depends on the purpose specified, however, and using this information in hospitals requires that the detailed HIS structure be clarified, especially the connection between HIS and ITIPS. The future ITIPS role is envisioned in early infection detection and warning. This, in turn, requires that ITIPS field operational support systems for medical staff mature further. PMID:22250451

Ohmagari, Norio

2011-11-01

179

Information Technologies (ITs) in Medical Education.  

PubMed

Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, "learning at bedside," aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medical education - their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education. PMID:23408471

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Toromanovic, Selim; Masic, Fedja; Sivic, Suad; Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Zlatan

2011-09-01

180

Information Technologies (ITs) in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, “learning at bedside,” aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medical education – their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education.

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Toromanovic, Selim; Masic, Fedja; Sivic, Suad; Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Zlatan

2011-01-01

181

Information processing in brain microtubules  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models of the mind are based on the idea that neuron microtubules can perform computation. From this point of view, information processing is the fundamental issue for understanding the brain mechanisms that produce consciousness. The cytoskeleton polymers could store and process information through their dynamic coupling mediated by mechanical energy. We analyze the problem of information transfer and storage in

Jean Faber; Renato Portugal; Luiz Pinguelli Rosa

2006-01-01

182

Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT) is a âÂÂconsortium of 10 community colleges throughout Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakotaâ focused on âÂÂstrengthening and expanding the regionâÂÂs information technology (IT) workforce.â On their site, visitors will find information on MCITâÂÂs initiatives and impact, as well as resources about MCITâÂÂs research and information technology recruitment and careers. This is a useful resource for helping community college students or recent graduates find information on information technology professional development.

2007-04-23

183

Information technology and the social construction of information privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how the conflict between information technology and information privacy is socially constructed and enacted through judicial decisions, legislative mandates, and private sector initiatives such as WebTrustSM\\/TM and other privacy seal programs. We first identify some reasons individuals may have for wanting to control their personal information, how such privacy is eroded by advances in information technology, and

Brian P Shapiro; C. Richard Baker

2001-01-01

184

Information Technology for Freight Transportation Coordination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The business,of freight transportation is undergoing a technological revolution at it moves toward,the 21st century. New technologies,are being developed,and adopted in each mode of freight transportation, such as a.c. power for locomotives. The one technology,that affects all modes,is information technology. Information technology related to the coordination of logistics and supply chain management, has the capability of affecting all the

Barrie R. Nault

185

Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

Newman, Peter

2010-01-01

186

Preparing for a New Century: Information Technology Workforce Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to determine workforce needs in the new information technology/knowledge-based world in order to design a coherent minor program in information technology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for the non-technically oriented college student. The process consisted of three phases: site visits to five…

Teeter, Thomas A.; Bailey, Janet L.; Cherepski, Don D.; Faucett, John; Hines, Robert J.; Jovanovic, Nickolas S.; Tschumi, Pete; Walker, Jeffery T.; Watson, Gretchen B.

187

Preparing for a New Century: Information Technology Workforce Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this project was to determine workforce needs in the new information technology/knowledge-based world in order to design a coherent minor program in information technology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for the non-technically oriented college student. The process consisted of three phases: site visits to five…

Teeter, Thomas A.; Bailey, Janet L.; Cherepski, Don D.; Faucett, John; Hines, Robert J.; Jovanovic, Nickolas S.; Tschumi, Pete; Walker, Jeffery T.; Watson, Gretchen B.

188

Embracing Statistical Challenges in the Information Technology Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of statistics in the age of information technology (IT). It begins by examining the current state of IT and of the cyberinfrastructure initiative aimed at integrating the technologies into science, engineering, and education to convert massive amounts of data into useful information. Selected applications from science and text processing are introduced to provide concrete examples

Bin Yu

2007-01-01

189

The information processing organisms.  

PubMed

In spite of the tremendous progress in recent decades of biological science, many aspects of the behaviour of organisms in general and of humans in particular remain still somewhat obscure. A new approach towards the study of the behaviour of man was presented by Heisenberg when he emphasized that a Cartesian view of nature as an object "out there" is an illusion in so far as "the observer is always part of the formula, the man viewing nature must be figured in, the experimenter into his experiment and the artist in the scene he paints." (Heisenberg, 1969). The present study is an attempt to make a step forward in this direction by focusing on the ways and means of involvement of the observer which make him an indelible part of the observation. To get a fresh start let us have a look at the physical universe. Although showing an immense variety, all objects, living and non-living, have some characteristics in common. They all obey the physical laws and they all are engaged in perpetual interactions. How do we tell then the difference between living and non-living objects? According to the traditional concept it is the capacity for reproduction that distinguishes living from non-living objects. (Luria et al., 1981). The non-traditional concept presented in this study stresses the way in which objects interact as the crucial point of difference between living and non-living objects. This concept claims that living objects assert themselves as such only when and while interacting in terms of information processing. Under such conditions only, living objects are able to display relative independence of the physical laws, for instance active movement. This display of relative independence is governed by biological laws and defines the behaviour of the living objects as active in principle. All objects who share these characteristics are called living, they behave as wholes assessing themselves as individuals. The definition suggests that they all share the same internal organization which is principally dynamic. PMID:9028020

Arianova, L

1996-06-01

190

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2013-07-01

191

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2013-07-01

192

Information processing, computation, and cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the\\u000a most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information\\u000a processing, or both – although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use ‘computation’ and ‘information\\u000a processing’ to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do.

Gualtiero Piccinini; Andrea Scarantino

2011-01-01

193

A Study of Information Technology Job Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compounding the shortage problem for more information technology (IT) workers is the continuous change in cutting edge information technology. Directly affected by these technological changes are the types of skills demanded of IT professionals. The primary purpose of this study is to identify the types of skills demanded of IT professionals. The results of this research indicated that the types

Lai C. Liu; Kai S. Koong; Les Rydl

194

Evaluation and Assessment in Educational Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains the following articles on evaluating and assessing educational information technology: (1) "Assessing Learning in the New Age of Information Technology in Education" (Leping Liu, D. LaMont Johnson, Cleborne D. Maddux, and Norma J. Henderson); (2) "Instruments for Assessing the Impact of Technology in Education" (Rhonda…

Liu, Leping, Ed.; Johnson, D. LaMont, Ed.; Maddux, Cleborne D., Ed.; Henderson, Norma J., Ed.

195

The Influence of Information Technology on Integration of Logistics Processess  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business globalization increases physical distance between location of raw material production and location of product and services consummation, by which logistics expenses and the entire business costs increase. Achieving greater efficiency and competitiveness requires adoption of numerous recent trends in logistics. It includes process approach to business using information technology in the integration of logistics processes, especially technologies such as

Ivica Jujnovic

2011-01-01

196

Internet and information technologies: facts and fiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology advances are spawning visions of radically altered modus operandi for commerce, education, business, information storage and receival. Proponents of virtual technology domination offer a world of instant communications, information sharing, and binary commerce. Some express alarm to the electronic visionaries and see an expected world vacated of human interactions, which is populated by e-hermits. The reality is that

Ronald D. McNeil

2001-01-01

197

Integrating Information Technologies Into Large Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how information technology tools are currently cutting cost andadding value for NASA Langley internal and external customers. Three components froma larger strategic WWW framework are highlighted: Geographic Information Systems(GIS), Integrated Computer Environment (ICE), and LANTERN (Langley's Intranet).Based on experiences with these and related projects at Langley, we suggest that there arefour pillars of information technology project success:

Gretchen L. Gottlich; John M. Meyer; Michael L. Nelson; David J. Bianco

1997-01-01

198

Gas separation processes: Technology/business review  

SciTech Connect

A major problem in the commercialization of new membrane technology is that business executives and entrepreneurs in decision-making positions lack a practical understanding of how a membrane functions. Without this practical understanding, evaluating the risks and the amount and kind of work needed for the development effort is difficult. This paper begins bridging that information gap by discussing some of the models that can be used to provide a better understanding of the risks and some of the outstanding opportunities associated with membrane technology. An example of extensive research in membrane technology is the 40-year effort that has gone into the development and improvement of the barrier used in gaseous diffusion cascades to enrich uranium hexafluoride in the /sup 235/U isotope. Most of the research applies to that specific separation process and is still classified. However, that body of work does provide insight into the physical and chemical mechanisms for gas separation processes. It has also provided insight into what kind of information is needed and what kind of data acquisition can provide that information. This paper discusses some of the insights acquired on how separation can occur and what data are lacking and the types of resources required to obtain them. 9 figs., 1 tab.

Fain, D.E.

1988-10-01

199

Development of Integrated Information Technology System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Integrated Medical Information Technology System (IMITS) Program is focused on implementation of advanced technology solutions that eliminate inefficiencies, increase utilization and improve quality of care for active duty forces. The work on this pro...

S. E. Gilstrap

2004-01-01

200

Development of the Integrated Information Technology System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Integrated Medical Information Technology System (IMITS) Program is focused on implementation of advanced technology solutions that eliminate inefficiencies, increase utilization and improve quality of care for active duty forces. The work on this pro...

2005-01-01

201

Advanced Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current text processing techniques fall short of required accuracies. Text retrieval and filtering techniques are still largely based on keywords. Several new techniques and their combinations, can provide far greater accuracy in text retrieval and dissem...

J. M. Pirog

1992-01-01

202

Training Technology Transfer Process and Guidelines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a set of guidelines for implementing a new training technology in an Army school environment. In an effort to improve the technology transfer process, the Army has established Training Technology Field Activities (TTFAs), a partnershi...

J. D. Baker B. W. Knerr F. L. Hart R. J. Seidel

1987-01-01

203

Quantum technology and cryptology for information security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cryptology and information security are set to play a more prominent role in the near future. In this regard, quantum communication and cryptography offer new opportunities to tackle ICT security. Quantum Information Processing and Communication (QIPC) is a scientific field where new conceptual foundations and techniques are being developed. They promise to play an important role in the future of information Security. It is therefore essential to have a cross-fertilizing development between quantum technology and cryptology in order to address the security challenges of the emerging quantum era. In this article, we discuss the impact of quantum technology on the current as well as future crypto-techniques. We then analyse the assumptions on which quantum computers may operate. Then we present our vision for the distribution of security attributes using a novel form of trust based on Heisenberg's uncertainty; and, building highly secure quantum networks based on the clear transmission of single photons and/or bundles of photons able to withstand unauthorized reading as a result of secure protocols based on the observations of quantum mechanics. We argue how quantum cryptographic systems need to be developed that can take advantage of the laws of physics to provide long-term security based on solid assumptions. This requires a structured integration effort to deploy quantum technologies within the existing security infrastructure. Finally, we conclude that classical cryptographic techniques need to be redesigned and upgraded in view of the growing threat of cryptanalytic attacks posed by quantum information processing devices leading to the development of post-quantum cryptography.

Naqvi, Syed; Riguidel, Michel

2007-05-01

204

Medical Education and Information and Communication Technology  

PubMed Central

Background: Information and communication technology (ICT) has brought many changes in medical education and practice in the last couple of decades. Teaching and learning medicine particularly has gone under profound changes due to computer technologies, and medical schools around the world have invested heavily either in new computer technologies or in the process of adapting to this technological revolution. In order to catch up with the rest of the world, developing countries need to research their options in adapting to new computer technologies. Materials and Methods: This descriptive survey study was designed to assess medical students’ computer and Internet skills and their attitude toward ICT. Results: Research findings showed that the mean score of self-perceived computer knowledge for male students in general was greater than for female students. Also, students who had participated in various prior computer workshops, had access to computer, Internet, and e-mail, and frequently checked their e-mail had higher mean of self-perceived knowledge and skill score. Finally, students with positive attitude toward ICT scored their computer knowledge higher than those who had no opinion. Conclusions: The results have confirmed that the medical schools, particularly in developing countries, need to bring fundamental changes such as curriculum modification in order to integrate ICT into medical education, creating essential infrastructure for ICT use in medical education and practice, and structured computer training for faculty and students.

Houshyari, Asefeh Badiey; Bahadorani, Mahnaz; Tootoonchi, Mina; Gardiner, John Jacob Zucker; Pena, Roberto A; Adibi, Peyman

2012-01-01

205

Technology research of the ground real-time data processing for long range image and information broadcast of remote sensing satellite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional remote sensing satellite data moving window display technology is mainly used for the purposes of inspecting the quality of the received image data, but it is now difficult to meet the demond of long range real-time image and informating broadcast of remote sensing satellite. In order to meet the demond of long range remote sensing data broadcast, this paper

Liang Li; Fu Chen; Jianbo Liu

2010-01-01

206

Supporting information and communication technology innovations in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article draws upon a wide range of research that provides insights into the process of innovation and change, to see what can be learnt to support the innovation of information and communication technology (ICT) in higher education.

Bridget Somekh

1998-01-01

207

Journal of Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology's purpose "is to encourage the sharing of knowledge and collaboration among the wide variety of fields that use information technology to inform clients." This interdisciplinary journal, one of the Informing Science Institute's open access journals, incorporates computer science, education, health care, government, and psychology, just to name a few. All articles from the journal, beginning in 2004, are available for free in pdf form. Visitors will find articles on teaching wireless technology, programming language education, undergraduate preparation for IT certification, and information security management. It is an excellent resource for any educator teaching IT courses to stay current with new education trends and topics.

Cohen, Eli B.

2008-02-12

208

How To Be Better Partners with Information Technology Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The college registrar can help campus information technology (IT) specialists identify/clarify new information management needs, by defining the business process within which the new task will function; determining the task's interaction requirements; listing details of the business process to be automated; letting IT professionals know the best…

Stewart, Sandra M.

1996-01-01

209

75 FR 39044 - Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly Known...Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, formerly known...the supply of corporate information technology (IT) services. New...

2010-07-07

210

Building information modeling based on intelligent parametric technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to push the information organization process of the building industry, promote sustainable architectural design and\\u000a enhance the competitiveness of China’s building industry, the author studies building information modeling (BIM) based on\\u000a intelligent parametric modeling technology. Building information modeling is a new technology in the field of computer aided\\u000a architectural design, which contains not only geometric data, but also

Xudong Zeng; Jie Tan

2007-01-01

211

Assessment of statistical probability of the technological transportation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the course of freight transportation its technological process is influenced by lots of random factors. The classification of random factors in the whole hierarchical structure of the technological transportation process is presented together with the assessment of the dependence of separate random factors. Statistical information on freight and transport flows is renewed and replenished in the course of time.

Adolfas Baublys

2002-01-01

212

Understanding customer relationship management (CRM) : People, process and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Customer relationship management (CRM) is a combination of people, processes and technology that seeks to understand a company's customers. It is an integrated approach to managing relationships by focusing on customer retention and relationship development. CRM has evolved from advances in information technology and organizational changes in customer-centric processes. Companies that successfully implement CRM will reap the rewards in customer

Injazz J. Chen; Karen Popovich

2003-01-01

213

Understanding customer relationship management (CRM) People, process and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Customer relationship management (CRM) is a combination of people, processes and technology that seeks to understand a company's customers. It is an integrated approach to managing relationships by focusing on customer retention and relationship development. CRM has evolved from advances in information technology and organizational changes in customer-centric processes. Companies that successfully implement CRM will reap the rewards in customer

Injazz J. Chen; Karen Popovich

214

Information Accessibility and Cryptic Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give a systematic expansion of the crypticity--a recently introduced measure of the inaccessibility of a stationary process's internal state information. This leads to a hierarchy of k-cryptic processes and allows us to identify finite-state processes that have infinite cryptic order--the internal state information is present across arbitrarily long, observed sequences. The crypticity expansion is exact in both the finite- and infinite-order cases. It turns out that k-crypticity is complementary to the Markovian finite-order property that describes state information in processes. One application of these results is an efficient expansion of the excess entropy--the mutual information between a process's infinite past and infinite future--that is finite and exact for finite-order cryptic processes.

Mahoney, John; Ellison, Chris; Crutchfield, James

2010-03-01

215

[Consumer health-care information technology].  

PubMed

Consumer health-care information technology is intended to improve patients' opportunities to gather information about their own health. Ideally, this will be achieved through an improved involvement of existing data bases and an improved communication of information to patients and to care providers, if desired by patients. Additionally, further interconnection of existing and new systems and pervasive system design may be used. All consumer health-care information technology services are optional and leave patients in control of their medical data at all times. This article reflects the current status of consumer health-care information technology research and suggests further research areas that should be addressed. PMID:23695812

Sunyaev, A

2013-05-21

216

Why Management in System and Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a brief and creative review related to the management in system and information technology.\\u000a \\u000a As in the global world the value of the Information System (IS) and Information Technology (IT) is becoming more and more important due to the necessities imposed by the competition, then the knowledge of the enterprise\\u000a business and the fast flow of information

Antonio Jose Balloni

2004-01-01

217

Advanced Process Technology: Combi Materials Science and Atmospheric Processing (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts -- High-Throughput Combi Material Science and Atmospheric Processing that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01

218

Information processing, computation, and cognition  

PubMed Central

Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both – although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use ‘computation’ and ‘information processing’ to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and foremost, that they are the same thing. In this paper, we address this unsatisfactory state of affairs by presenting a general and theory-neutral account of computation and information processing. We also apply our framework by analyzing the relations between computation and information processing on one hand and classicism, connectionism, and computational neuroscience on the other. We defend the relevance to cognitive science of both computation, at least in a generic sense, and information processing, in three important senses of the term. Our account advances several foundational debates in cognitive science by untangling some of their conceptual knots in a theory-neutral way. By leveling the playing field, we pave the way for the future resolution of the debates’ empirical aspects.

Scarantino, Andrea

2010-01-01

219

Information and Communication Technologies in Social Work  

PubMed Central

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are electronic tools used to convey, manipulate and store information. The exponential growth of Internet access and ICTs greatly influenced social, political, and economic processes in the United States, and worldwide. Regardless of the level of practice, ICTs will continue influencing the careers of social workers and the clients they serve. ICTs have received some attention in the social work literature and curriculum, but we argue that this level of attention is not adequate given their ubiquity, growth and influence, specifically as it relates to upholding social work ethics. Significant attention is needed to help ensure social workers are responsive to the technological changes in the health care system, including the health care infrastructure and use of technology among clients. Social workers also need ICT competencies in order to effectively lead different types of social change initiatives or collaborate with professionals of other disciplines who are using ICTs as part of existing strategies. This paper also identifies potential pitfalls and challenges with respect to the adoption of ICTs, with recommendations for advancing their use in practice, education, and research.

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry O.; Glass, Joseph E.; Margerum-Leys, Jon

2011-01-01

220

Seizing the Moment: Harnessing the Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the scope of the Information Revolution, considers initiatives for harnessing information technology, and proposes a research agenda. Seven appendices detail specific initiatives relating to a global communication network, a Council for North American Information, the news media, a pan-European security information agency, multinational…

Bankes, Steve; And Others

1992-01-01

221

Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cells (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cell that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01

222

Semantic processing in information retrieval.  

PubMed Central

Intuition suggests that one way to enhance the information retrieval process would be the use of phrases to characterize the contents of text. A number of researchers, however, have noted that phrases alone do not improve retrieval effectiveness. In this paper we briefly review the use of phrases in information retrieval and then suggest extensions to this paradigm using semantic information. We claim that semantic processing, which can be viewed as expressing relations between the concepts represented by phrases, will in fact enhance retrieval effectiveness. The availability of the UMLS domain model, which we exploit extensively, significantly contributes to the feasibility of this processing.

Rindflesch, T. C.; Aronson, A. R.

1993-01-01

223

Information Technology Developments for Geodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some recent research at UNAVCO and the University of Colorado has been focused on Rocky Mountain tectonics, and Information Technology (IT) in the areas of data visualization and distributed data serving. At UNAVCO, we are participating in the geodynamics work in the Rocky Mountain Testbed of the GEON NSF funded (IT) Research project (www.geongrid.org). As part of this work, a variety of seismic tomography models, GPS velocity vector data, strain rate models and other data have been recompiled into a standard format. These data and models are being incorporated into our OPeNDAP server and the Integrated Data Viewer (IDV). OPeNDAP servers are platform independent, self-describing distributed data servers allowing easy access to a wide audience. The IDV is a freely distributed visualization and analysis tool developed by UCAR that has several exciting capabilities such as online collaboration, and a variety of 1-d, 2-d and 3-d viewing options. Necessary solid earth viewing capabilities (earthquakes, focal mechanisms, faults, etc.) are currently being added to the IDV. Both our OPeNDAP server and visualization tool are being integrated into the GEON portal, a website for data searching, analysis, and visualization. Designing and implementing such systems now allows us to be more prepared for the volumes of data anticipated from various EarthScope projects. As part of the scientific research for GEON, we have also begun investigations of Colorado seismicity. The 1992 Rocky Mountain Front IRIS/PASSCAL seismic experiment recorded many local earthquakes. We have begun to locate these events and are working to create focal mechanisms and calculations of stress drop for this region. These will aid in improving seismic hazard and risk assessments for the rapidly growing Rocky Mountain population. New IT capabilities will help augment the quality of this work through sharing the data with a larger audience, providing a means to view and analyze integrated data, and quickly providing a computationally intensive baseline by which results can be checked.

Bensen, G. D.; Meertens, C. M.; Sheehan, A. F.

2004-12-01

224

Kern Community College District Information Technology Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Information Technology Plan as set forth in this document provides the organizational structure, assignment of duties, infrastructure, and philosophic environment that should permit the Kern Community College District to proceed in an orderly manner in developing information technology to enhance student learning, serve the faculty, and…

Kern Community Coll. District, Bakersfield, CA.

225

Information Technology-Based Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greater learning can be promoted by delivering information through a variety of media and through the use of interactive applications. In this paper, the effect of information technology on learning is seen as a function of how well interactive technologies support a specific model of learning and how appropriate that model is to the learning…

Passerini, Katia; Granger, Mary J.

226

Application of information technologies in academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main purpose of this investigation is to define the status of the application of information technology in academic libraries located in Kerman, the center and largest city of Kerman Province, Iran, and to understand the problems and difficulties in using information technology in these libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The survey has covered 17 libraries belonging to Shahid Bahonar

Faranak Mohsenzadeh; Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam

2009-01-01

227

Does Information Technology Lead to Smaller Firms?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many changes in the organization of work in the United States since 1975 have been attributed to the increased capabilities and use of information technology (IT) in business. However, few studies have attempted to empirically examine these relationships. The primary goal of this paper is to assess the hypothesis that investments in information technology are at least partially responsible for

Erik Brynjolfsson; Thomas W. Malone; Vijay Gurbaxani; Ajit Kambil

1994-01-01

228

Connecting Social Technologies with Information Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social technologies such as Weblogs, wikis, and social bookmarking are emerging both as information resources and as tools for research. This paper reflects on these technologies and suggests they may be well placed to build fluency in the higher-order thinking skills outlined in various information literacy frameworks, particularly in an educational context. A high proportion of today's learners are very

Kara Jones

2007-01-01

229

Implementation Predictors of Formal Information Technology Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for improved implementation of information technology (IT) strategy has been emphasised in both empirical and prescriptive research studies. In this study, the main research question is: “what content characteristics of formal IT strategy predict the extent of plan implementation?” Ten content characteristics of formal information technology strategy were identified from the research literature as potential implementation predictors. These,

Petter Gottschalk

1999-01-01

230

Curriculum Development and New Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports of achievements in developments in new information technology in schools lament the, as yet, unfulfilled hopes that they will radically change education. Those involved in new information technology sometimes seem to imagine that the problems of change that they face are somehow unique and have not been faced by others who have set out to change the curriculum.[l

Robert McCormick

1992-01-01

231

Transaction Costs, Information Technology and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores potential channels through which information technology (IT) affects economic development. The channel emphasized here is the reduction of transaction costs through the use of information technology. We discuss the nature of transaction costs, their possible impacts on economic outcomes, and the impacts of IT on transaction costs. We provide a theoretical discussion of how a reduction in

Nirvikar Singh

2004-01-01

232

Information Technology Basics for Energy Managers—How a Web–based Energy Information System Works  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in new equipment, new processes, and new technology are the driving forces in improvements in energy management, energy efficiency, and energy cost control. Of all recent developments affecting energy management, the most powerful new technology to come into use in the last several years has been information technology—or IT. The combination of cheap, high-performance microcomputers together with the emergence

Barney Capehart; Paul Allen; Klaus Pawlik; David Green

2003-01-01

233

76 FR 78009 - Information Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...regarding Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision. Public...techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Submit...

2011-12-15

234

Information Technology and Educational Amnesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Waves of enthusiasm for technological innovations that promise to revitalize teaching and learning are at least a century old. Unfortunately, the record of accomplishment for the many varieties of hardware and software introduced into schools over the decades is remarkably thin. Today's promoters of technology in education tend to forget similar…

Winner, Langdon

2009-01-01

235

Assistive Technology For Students With Disabilities. Information for Parents & Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this brochure is to inform parents and educators regarding the use of assistive technology devices and services in the special education evaluation process and programming. As defined in the federal special education regulations, an assistive technology service means any service that directly assists a child with a disability in…

Copenhaver, John

2004-01-01

236

Intergration or information technology in nursing simulation training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The healthcare workforce is increasingly moving towards the global adoption of computer applications and technology for effective and efficient delivery of healthcare services. This emphasizes the need to integrate the use of information technology especially the electronic medical records (EMR) into the learning process of the health professions student, thereby exposing them to the use of EMR at each level

Jennie Q. Lou; Elizabeth Oviawe; Wendy Thomson

2010-01-01

237

Mapping the university technology transfer process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transfer of technologies from the universities to the private sector is increasingly regarded as playing a significant role in new business starts, growth of existing businesses, and new job creation. Further, there are monerous models describing the process of technology transfer. Some of the existing models represent this process as a linear progression of steps: from idea generation and technology

Brian Harmon; Alexander Ardishvili; Richard Cardozo; Tait Elder; John Leuthold; John Parshall; Michael Raghian; Donald Smith

1997-01-01

238

78 FR 42945 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health...have expertise in health information privacy and security....

2013-07-18

239

Information symmetries in irreversible processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study dynamical reversibility in stationary stochastic processes from an information-theoretic perspective. Extending earlier work on the reversibility of Markov chains, we focus on finitary processes with arbitrarily long conditional correlations. In particular, we examine stationary processes represented or generated by edge-emitting, finite-state hidden Markov models. Surprisingly, we find pervasive temporal asymmetries in the statistics of such stationary processes. As a consequence, the computational resources necessary to generate a process in the forward and reverse temporal directions are generally not the same. In fact, an exhaustive survey indicates that most stationary processes are irreversible. We study the ensuing relations between model topology in different representations, the process's statistical properties, and its reversibility in detail. A process's temporal asymmetry is efficiently captured using two canonical unifilar representations of the generating model, the forward-time and reverse-time ?-machines. We analyze example irreversible processes whose ?-machine representations change size under time reversal, including one which has a finite number of recurrent causal states in one direction, but an infinite number in the opposite. From the forward-time and reverse-time ?-machines, we are able to construct a symmetrized, but nonunifilar, generator of a process--the bidirectional machine. Using the bidirectional machine, we show how to directly calculate a process's fundamental information properties, many of which are otherwise only poorly approximated via process samples. The tools we introduce and the insights we offer provide a better understanding of the many facets of reversibility and irreversibility in stochastic processes.

Ellison, Christopher J.; Mahoney, John R.; James, Ryan G.; Crutchfield, James P.; Reichardt, Jörg

2011-09-01

240

Enterprise Information System Integration Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the current rapidly changing business environment, companies need to be efficient and agile to survive and thrive. That is why flexible systems integration is urgent and crucial concern for any enterprise. For the meanwhile, systems integration technology is getting more complicated, and middleware types are beginning blur for decades. We sort system integration into four different types, “Delayed Federation", “Real-time Federation", “Delayed Integration", and “Real-time Integration". We also outline appropriate technology and architecture for each type.

Tanaka, Tetsuo; Yumoto, Masaki; Itsuki, Rei

241

Information Technology Management: Status of Selected DoD Policies on Information Technology Governance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Who Should Read This Report and Why. The DoD Chief Information Officer, Chief Information Officers of DoD Components, DoD information technology mission area personnel, and other personnel responsible for overseeing DoD information technology requirements...

M. L. Ugome

2005-01-01

242

Information Technology in Complex Health Services  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective: To identify impediments to the successful transfer and implementation of packaged information systems through large, divisionalized health services. Design: A case analysis of the failure of an implementation of a critical application in the Public Health System of the State of New South Wales, Australia, was carried out. This application had been proven in the United States environment. Measurements: Interviews involving over 60 staff at all levels of the service were undertaken by a team of three. The interviews were recorded and analyzed for key themes, and the results were shared and compared to enable a continuing critical assessment. Results: Two components of the transfer of the system were considered: the transfer from a different environment, and the diffusion throughout a large, divisionalized organization. The analyses were based on the Scott-Morton organizational fit framework. In relation to the first, it was found that there was a lack of fit in the business environments and strategies, organizational structures and strategy-structure pairing as well as the management process-roles pairing. The diffusion process experienced problems because of the lack of fit in the strategy-structure, strategy-structure-management processes, and strategy-structure-role relationships. Conclusion: The large-scale developments of integrated health services present great challenges to the efficient and reliable implementation of information technology, especially in large, divisionalized organizations. There is a need to take a more sophisticated approach to understanding the complexities of organizational factors than has traditionally been the case.

Southon, Frank Charles Gray; Sauer, Chris; Dampney, Christopher Noel Grant (Kit)

1997-01-01

243

Identifying different paradigms for managing information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations are shaped based on a number of implicit and explicit assumptions. Usually, these assumptions are made by the founder of a company. Management of Information Technology (IT) is shaped in much the same way. It is based on several assumptions how to carry out information systems development, maintenance, information services, and how to plan for and control all these

Sven J. Fischer; Jan Achterberg; Tsvi G. Vinig

1993-01-01

244

The Evolution of Information Technology Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) management methods are changing with time. The main methodological shifts can be observed in management authority and responsibility distribution within a company. Four characteristic stages are spontaneous responsibility delegation stage, monopoly over information stage, business within business stage, and the stage of information economy. However, some serious dilemmas regarding the future of IT management remain.

Zeljko Panian

1999-01-01

245

Children Show Selective Trust in Technological Informants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although children are often exposed to technological devices early in life, little is known about how they evaluate these novel sources of information. In two experiments, children ages 3, 4, and 5 (n = 92) were presented with accurate and inaccurate computer informants, and subsequently relied on information provided by the previously accurate computer to identify novel objects and answer questions about

Judith H. Danovitch; Reem Alzahabi

2012-01-01

246

Information Technology Policies. SPEC Kit 218.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objectives of this survey were: to gather information on the development of institutional information technology policies and guidelines for responsible computing and use of electronic information; to identify the scope of such policies and guidelines; and to determine the role of the library in the development and/or use of the policies and…

Leung, Shirley; Bisom, Diane

247

Information Technology Committee explores future needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The newly formed Information Technology Committee met October 18-19, 1996, to review its charge and examine AGU's current systems, network, systems strategy, and Information Services staffing.There are currently three positions open in the Information Services group that are proving hard to fill on a permanent basis. The committee recommended that staff develop a relationship with local universities and intensively canvass

James R. Wallis

1997-01-01

248

Changing paradigms in dermatology: information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medicine and specifically, dermatology, is undergoing enormous changes in the way in which it is practiced. Much of this is a result of a fundamental change in the manner in which information is exchanged through information technology. With the advent of more advanced telecommunications, imaging capabilities and information transfer, the very ways in which we examine patients, develop diagnoses and

Sara W Dill; John J Digiovanna

2003-01-01

249

Intelligent Information Technology Based Drug Knowledge Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a drug knowledge platform based on intelligent information technology is constructed. Unlike the traditional virtual drug compound library which focus on the patents of drug only, the aim of the new platform is to design a system including information retrieval, information extraction, construction of drug compound and drug ontology, structure based virtual screening, and text classification. It

Cunhua Li; Zhaoman Zhong; Hongwei Dai

2010-01-01

250

Globalisation, Information Technology, and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decrease in coordination and transaction costs on account of information technology creates more opportunities for firms to make production “footloose”; it allows firms to base different parts of their business in different countries and connect them by real time information networks. The rapid growth in information services is thus facilitating the integrated international production of goods and services. This

Seema Farhat

1996-01-01

251

Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company information management technology architecture  

SciTech Connect

The Information Management Technology Architecture (TA) is being driven by the business objectives of reducing costs and improving effectiveness. The strategy is to reduce the cost of computing through standardization. The Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) TA is a set of standards and products for use at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The TA will provide direction for information management resource acquisitions, development of information systems, formulation of plans, and resolution of issues involving LMITCO computing resources. Exceptions to the preferred products may be granted by the Information Management Executive Council (IMEC). Certain implementation and deployment strategies are inherent in the design and structure of LMITCO TA. These include: migration from centralized toward distributed computing; deployment of the networks, servers, and other information technology infrastructure components necessary for a more integrated information technology support environment; increased emphasis on standards to make it easier to link systems and to share information; and improved use of the company`s investment in desktop computing resources. The intent is for the LMITCO TA to be a living document constantly being reviewed to take advantage of industry directions to reduce costs while balancing technological diversity with business flexibility.

Hughes, M.J.; Lau, P.K.S.

1996-05-01

252

CLEAN PROCESSES BRANCH (SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION, NRMRL)  

EPA Science Inventory

The mission of NRMRL's Sustainable Technology Division's Clean Processes Branch (CPB) is to develop and demonstrate pollution prevention and recycling, resource recovery and reuse technologies primarily through an in-house research program. The major technical programs within the...

253

Information architecture: Standards adoption and retirement process service action plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Service Action Plan is to announce, as well as provide, a high-level outline of a new Departmental process for the adoption and retirement of information technology standards. This process supports the implementation of a Department of Energy (DOE) Information Architecture. This plan was prepared with the Department of Energy information technology standards customers and stakeholders in mind. The process described in this plan will be serviced primarily by staff from the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Information Management with assistance from designated program and site Information Technology Standards Points of Contact. We welcome any comments regarding this new Departmental process and encourage the proposal of information technology standards for adoption or retirement.

NONE

1997-03-01

254

Is more information technology better for new product development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Firms spend considerable amount of money on information technology (IT) to improve their processes, thereby reducing costs, enhancing quality and getting to market faster. Consequently, understanding the effective relationship between the IT department and new product development (NPD) teams can inform whether firms reap the expected benefits from their IT. The purpose of this paper is to provide

Serdar S. Durmusoglu; Roger J. Calantone; V. Sambamurthy

2006-01-01

255

The Future School Manager: Information and Communication Technology Aspects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that the competence demands of the future school manager in a decentralized system of local management of schools imply proficiency of the manager in the use of ICT (Information and Communications Technology). Discusses communication habits, information processing, networking, the promotion of shared values, and leadership development.…

Slenning, Kah

2000-01-01

256

Fluidic microchemomechanical integrated circuits processing chemical information.  

PubMed

Lab-on-a-chip (LOC) technology has blossomed into a major new technology fundamentally influencing the sciences of life and nature. From a systemic point of view however, microfluidics is still in its infancy. Here, we present the concept of a microfluidic central processing unit (CPU) which shows remarkable similarities to early electronic Von Neumann microprocessors. It combines both control and execution units and, moreover, the complete power supply on a single chip and introduces the decision-making ability regarding chemical information into fluidic integrated circuits (ICs). As a consequence of this system concept, the ICs process chemical information completely in a self-controlled manner and energetically self-sustaining. The ICs are fabricated by layer-by-layer deposition of several overlapping layers based on different intrinsically active polymers. As examples we present two microchips carrying out long-term monitoring of critical parameters by around-the-clock sampling. PMID:23038405

Greiner, Rinaldo; Allerdissen, Merle; Voigt, Andreas; Richter, Andreas

2012-12-01

257

Women Technology Leaders: Gender Issues in Higher Education Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Women working in higher education information technology (IT) organizations and those seeking leadership positions in these organizations face a double challenge in overcoming the traditionally male-dominated environments of higher education and IT. Three women higher education chief information officers (CIOs) provided their perspectives,…

Drury, Marilyn

2011-01-01

258

Missouri Introduction to Materials and Processing Technology. Instructor Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is intended to support a high school specialization course in materials and processing technology. The document contains three sections: (1) information on using the material; (2) a set of instructor guides for eight instructional units; (3) 15 technological activity modules and teacher and student instructions for their use; and (4)…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

259

Seismic Rayleigh Wave Digital Processing Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Rayleigh wave exploration, the digital processing of data plays a very important position. This directly affects the interpretation of ground effect. Therefore, the use of accurate processing software and effective method in the Rayleigh wave exploration has important theoretical and practical significance. Previously, Rayleigh wave dispersion curve obtained by the one-dimensional phase analysis. This method requires channel spacing should be less than the effective wavelength. And minimal phase error will cause great changes in the phase velocity of Rayleigh wave. Damped least square method is a local linear model. It is easy to cause that inversion objective function cannot find the global optimal solution. Therefore, the method and the technology used in the past are difficult to apply the requirements of the current Rayleigh wave exploration. This study focused on the related technologies and algorithms of F-K domain dispersion curve extraction and GA global non-linear inversion, and combined with the impact of Rayleigh wave data acquisition parameters and the characteristics. Rayleigh wave exploration data processing software design and process technology research is completed. Firstly, the article describes the theoretical basis of Rayleigh wave method. This is also part of the theoretical basis of following treatment. The theoretical proof of existence of Rayleigh wave Dispersive in layered strata. Secondly, F-K domain dispersion curve extraction tests showed that the method can overcome the one-dimensional digital processing technology deficiencies, and make full use of multi-channel Rayleigh wave data record information. GA global non-linear inversion indicated that the inversion is not easy getting into local optimal solution. Thirdly, some examples illustrate each mode Rayleigh wave dispersion curve characteristics in the X-T domain. Tests demonstrated the impact on their extraction of dispersion curves. Parameters change example (including the X-T removal window, collection order, and channel interval) shows the impact on the F-K domain energy spectrum. The shape of the H-V domain dispersion curve shows the initial inversion model setting method. Some example presented GA inversion parameter settings. Finally, Rayleigh wave exploration data digital processing examples presented software and processing techniques, including data browsing, array parameter, dispersion curves picking, S-wave velocity inversion and profile. The results show that the software is very user-friendly, human-computer interaction and graphical capabilities. F-K domain dispersion curves extraction and the GA global non-linear inversion is very accurate. Wish to make further use of the FV domain frequency dispersion curves extracted, as well as other non-linear inversion method.

Jie, Li

2013-04-01

260

Technological Change in Written Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents an introductory lesson for elementary learners to construct ideas about how print began and about the media upon which it was recorded. In the lesson's introduction, students examine the present state and constant flow of print to which people are exposed, focusing primarily on the technology of the computer. Students examine…

Christensen, Lois M.

261

Technology Exchange Seminar: Mining Information Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information systems technology--computers, telecommunications, software, etc.--has been adapted in many productive and profitable uses in the minerals industry. A recent study for the Bureau of Mines found that opportunities exist for making even more ext...

A. Weiss

1982-01-01

262

Information and communication technologies for the poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief is based on Information and Communication Technologies for Development and Poverty Reduction: The Potential of Telecommunications, ed. Maximo Torero and Joachim von Braun (Johns Hopkins University Press and IFPRI, 2006) \\

Maximo Torero; Joachim von Braun

2005-01-01

263

Information Technology Laboratory Technical Accomplishments, 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the past year, we initiated several new forward-looking major projects in accordance with the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) project selection criteria, including the following research initiatives: Pervasive Computing (Digital Economy). I...

1998-01-01

264

Transforming Health Care through Information Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information technology provides many exciting applications for the health sector, such as computer-aided surgery, the use of telesensing methods to examine patients from their homes, and patient/doctor interaction via the Internet and digital medical libr...

2001-01-01

265

Organization and Application of Information Technologies in Enterprises of Herzegovina Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid development of information technologies has had a big influence on global economy and has activated the series of changes such as: globalization, liberalization, concurrency growth, market expansion, availability of market information to all segments etc. Also, the significance of the Information itself has become larger since information technologies are making the process of gathering, processing, storing and distributing of

Zdenko Klepic; Mirela Mabic; Jelena Brkic

2009-01-01

266

Present Status and Future Prospects of Quantum Information Processing: With Special Focus on Optically Controlled Semiconductor Spins and Single-Photon Technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scheme of directly controlling electron spins trapped in semiconductor quantum dots or donor impurities as qubits using optical pulses has various advantages, such as the achievements of local excitation and fast operation, low power consumption, easy implementation of an interface with optical fiber communication networks, and the capability of transferring information to nuclear spins, which are expected to serve as quantum memories with a long coherence time. In this report, I introduce the present status of the research and development of this scheme and discuss its potential application to quantum information processing.

Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

2011-10-01

267

77 FR 48169 - The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information on the Proposed Expansion: Part 1...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Investigation No. 332-536] The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...Expansion: Part 1; The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...investigation No. 332-532, The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and...

2012-08-13

268

Information technology in rural emergency management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural communities face a multitude of hazardous conditions—from blizzards, floods, droughts, and insect infestations caused by nature to hazardous material spills, transportation accidents, and dam failures that result from human activities. Information technology offers to rural emergency managers potentially important tools with which to better plan, alert, and respond to disasters.Three case studies are presented about uses of different technologies.

James W. Morentz

1983-01-01

269

Information technology in a global economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The surge of new technologies, especially sophisticated information and communications technologies, has rendered possible what has been termed as “globalization” of the economy, or even “technoglobalism”. This phenomenon is evident in the financial markets, and is becoming more apparent in the goods and services market. There is increasing cooperation between and interlinkages among firms so that R&D, servicing and production

Patricia A. Glenn

1993-01-01

270

Application of information technology in quality education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality education is a universal goal. This decade was marked by rapid advances and changes in many aspects of human activity, often taken together as the sign of a shift into knowledge era. Such advances and changes have stimulated many discussions about the role of information technology (IT) in teaching and learning. Given the deep technological, economic and policy changes

Seng Dewen

2010-01-01

271

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Summer 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents:\\u000aHelpDesk, T3 Upgrade,Max Ivey, Printing 1 Hardware\\/Software, Computer Skills Update 2 SUNY Learning Network 3 Technology Events 4 MS Office 5 Ziff-Davis Training 6 SUNYLA; Library Databases 7 Employee Internet Guidelines 8 Faculty\\/Staff Technology Initiative 8 Dailey Hall Workshop Schedule 9 ACS General Information 10

Mary Jo Orzech

2000-01-01

272

Information Technology and the Structuring of Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work in social theory departs from prior traditions in proposing that social phenomena can be understood as comprising both subjective and ob- jective elements. We apply this premise of duality to understanding the rela- tionship between information technology and organizations. We construct a theoretical framework in which the development and deployment of infor- mation technology in organizations is a

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Daniel Robey

1991-01-01

273

Technology, Education, and the Information Highway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advancing technology will fundamentally change our world. Education will be key to ensuring that these changes are positive. As information highways are intrinsic to both, this paper provides some insight into how they might evolve. I. TECHNOLOGY WILL MAKE A DIFFERENCE 1 ver the next fifty years, the world's population should stabilize around fifteen billion. Either the forty million new

Craig Dobson

274

Information technology and productivity: Myths and realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the absence of empirical research, media and government publicity have created false expectations and unnecessary anxieties about the effects of new technology. It is comparatively easy to show how information technology can produce productivity gains and job losses in specific areas. But it is not realistic to extrapolate 'local' effects to an organization as a whole, or to the

David Boddy; David A Buchanan

1984-01-01

275

Libraries, Self-Censorship, and Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the theme of self-censorship in libraries in relation to new technologies. Highlights include the results of investing in high-cost electronic resources at the expense of traditional, lower-status formats; the effect of information technologies on literacy and historical records; and market censorship, including centralization and…

Buschman, John

1994-01-01

276

Information Technology and the Third Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the so-called third industrial revolution, or the information revolution. Topics addressed include the progression of the revolution in the U.S. economy, in Europe, and in Third World countries; the empowering technologies, including digital switches, optical fiber, semiconductors, CD-ROM, networks, and combining technologies; and…

Fitzsimmons, Joe

1994-01-01

277

Technology evolution drives need for greater information technology security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Securing the enterprise perimeter is not enough; we must secure the data itself. This simple idea has taken decades to become a practical technology, and is built upon a foundation of policies and processes.

Richard Levine

2005-01-01

278

Advanced information processing and analysis steering group: intelligence community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's intelligence analysis environment is more complex with an ever increasing focus on technology to solve the analyst's problems and to make the information processing and analysis simpler. The analytic emphasis is heavily oriented toward document selection, data extraction and data monitoring, as well as toward the drafting, coordinating and editing of written reports and similar intelligence products. The Advanced Information Processing and Analysis Steering Group (AIPASG) desires to have an impact on technology development and on the technology insertion to solve high priority information processing and analysis problems.

Kees, Terry S.; Rose, Russell R.

1994-03-01

279

Plasma Technology in Extractive and Process Metallurgy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal plasma technology may be useful for a broad range of applications in extractive and process metallurgy. Plasma technology is being used in the melting\\/remelting and refining of metals\\/alloys and scrap. Plasma technology may also be potentially useful in the benericiation of complex ores, treatment of wastes, reduction of oxides, the generation of value added products, and the recovery of

PATRICK R. TAYLOR; SHAHID A. PIRZADA

1993-01-01

280

Technology Team Assessment Process. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project TTAP (Technology Team Assessment Process) demonstrated a functional technology assessment model that can be used to ensure that children from birth to 8 with moderate to severe disabilities receive a thorough team assessment and follow-up consultation focused on individualized technology applications. Team-based procedures were developed…

Hutinger, Patricia L.

281

NAVAIR Information Technology Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study employed an online survey (with 126 respondents) to investigate variables affecting job satisfaction levels and feelings regarding the NAVAIR IT procurement process among Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (NAWCWD) China Lake end users. ...

K. P. Tajii

2010-01-01

282

Early Processing of Visual Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction is given to a theory of early visual information processing. The theory has been implemented, and examples are given of images at various stages of analysis. It is argued that the first step of consequence is to compute a primitive but rich description of the grey-level changes present in an image. The description is expressed in a vocabulary

D. Marr

1976-01-01

283

Olfactory information processing in Drosophila.  

PubMed

In both insect and vertebrate olfactory systems only two synapses separate the sensory periphery from brain areas required for memory formation and the organisation of behaviour. In the Drosophila olfactory system, which is anatomically very similar to its vertebrate counterpart, there has been substantial recent progress in understanding the flow of information from experiments using molecular genetic, electrophysiological and optical imaging techniques. In this review, we shall focus on how olfactory information is processed and transformed in order to extract behaviourally relevant information. We follow the progress from olfactory receptor neurons, through the first processing area, the antennal lobe, to higher olfactory centres. We address both the underlying anatomy and mechanisms that govern the transformation of neural activity. We emphasise our emerging understanding of how different elementary computations, including signal averaging, gain control, decorrelation and integration, may be mapped onto different circuit elements. PMID:19706282

Masse, Nicolas Y; Turner, Glenn C; Jefferis, Gregory S X E

2009-08-25

284

Donor?funded information technology transfer projects: Evaluating the life?cycle approach in four Chinese science and technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) forms an increasingly important component of donor?funded development projects, yet there has been very little structured analysis of the IT transfer process. This paper presents and evaluates a structured framework for analysis of IT transfer ? the information technology transfer life?cycle ? based on a study of four Chinese technology projects. The life?cycle framework helps to structure

Erik Baark; Richard Heeks

1999-01-01

285

Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Integrating Resources by Integrating Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), an organization charged with providing information services to the Department of Defense (DoD) scientific and technical community, actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the technical…

Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

286

Information Technology: Management Effectiveness and Guest Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the prospects for improvements in management effectiveness given the rapidly changing developments in new information technolo gies. One of the principal problems facing managers in the future will be how to ensure service quality with fewer managers. The view offered here is that information technology, despite large reductions in the number of managers, can lead to the

Joseph F. Durocher; Neil B. Niman

1993-01-01

287

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

288

Health Information Technology and Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nursing homes are considered lagging behind in adopting health information technology (HIT). Many studies have highlighted the use of HIT as a means of improving health care quality. However, these studies overwhelmingly do not provide empirical information proving that HIT can actually achieve these improvements. The main research goal of this…

Liu, Darren

2009-01-01

289

Applications of Optical Technology: Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses applications of optical technology, especially CD-ROMs, to information management needs. Information retrieval problems are discussed; design questions that concern the format of the data, indexing methods, and retrieval capabilities are presented; the need for updates is considered; access requirements are discussed; and the importance…

O'Connor, Mary Ann

1991-01-01

290

Empowering children and families with information technology.  

PubMed

Patient empowerment is the enhanced ability of patients to actively understand and influence their health status. Information is the key to patient empowerment. Without information, children and families cannot engage in meaningful discussions or make thoughtful decisions regarding medical care. Information sharing is a model for patient interaction with the health care system that may significantly improve the care of children and families. This article focuses on information technologies that utilize user-centered design principles and interactive capabilities to facilitate information sharing and to empower children and families. Examples include electronic pediatric personal medical records, customized health information systems, and interactive physician offices with electronic mail (e-mail) and telemedicine capabilities. Ideally, these systems would all be integrated. Successful implementation of new technologies will require thoughtful attention and balanced solutions to tensions between information sharing vs security, and curatorship vs censorship. Issues related to access and the digital divide must also be addressed. Acceptance and usability of new technologies is predicated on close collaboration among physicians, researchers in informatics, librarians, educators, and other professionals with expertise in the human-computer interface. Child and family empowerment will be both the driving force and ultimate outcome of information-sharing technologies. PMID:11576008

D'Alessandro, D M; Dosa, N P

2001-10-01

291

Implementing Information Technology Projects in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews the problems of implementing information technology projects in developing countries, with examples from Ethiopia, the Sudan and Tanzania. Considers the advantages and disadvantages of CD-ROM as a means of solving some of the problems of access to information experienced by developing countries, and describes the experience of the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Saudi Arabia in

Athanase B. Kanamugire

1993-01-01

292

A psychological approach to information technology security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses from a psychological standpoint how human and more generally psychological dimensions were taken in consideration by the recent literature related to information technology security. We discuss three main psychologically relevant dimensions such as cognitive hacking, hackers profiling and human errors and distinguish four distinct levels of psychological approaches to information security.

Ivan Enrici; Mario Ancilli; Antonio Lioy

2010-01-01

293

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2012-10-01

294

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2011-10-01

295

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...ACCESSIBILITY OF COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2009-07-01

296

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2010-10-01

297

48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology. 1352.239-71 Section...239-71 Electronic and information technology. As prescribed in 48...provision: Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a)...

2011-10-01

298

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...ACCESSIBILITY OF COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2010-07-01

299

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2009-10-01

300

78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

2013-04-26

301

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant...award under the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant...responsibilities for the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development...

2013-03-21

302

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

303

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center, aims to "contribute to scientific and technological innovation in telecommunications education" as well as to "provide appropriately skilled technicians and technologists" to information and communication technologies (ICT) businesses, industry, and users. In the "Publications" section of this site, visitors will find links to ICT textbooks and a helpful glossary of telecommunications terms. In the "Resources" section, there are a number of ICT workforce development presentations and Flash simulations on topics such as shift keying and Ethernet switching. Also in this section, there is a web tutorial on designing accessible web pages. This site has a great deal of information to assist students and technologists in telecommunications fields, as well as ready-to-use instructional materials for educators.

2007-08-20

304

Advanced Information Technology Application in ERP Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (ERP) are used to track companies’ finances, human resources, and logistics. Upcoming market-driven requirements focus on outside connectivity and up-to-date information supply, including business-to-business support, e-commerce, and virtual enterprises. How can these requirements be met by applying emerging information technologies? This paper focuses on future development of ERP systems emphasizing on technical aspects of information

Peter Loos

2000-01-01

305

Information technology and scientific and technical information in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

When China began to carry out its policy of reform and opening up to the outside world, the rapid development of the national economy and science and technology called for the development of scientific and technical information activities. One of the most significant trends in the development of modern scientific and technical information activities in the world is the application

Zi-guang Bai

1992-01-01

306

System for processing program information  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

To provide a system for processing program information in which the display structure of a program table can be freely changed in accordance with a requirement of or the taste of an audience, the system for processing program information is structured to include program information storage means 1 for storing program information, and program table display means 4 for two-dimensionally displaying a program table employing as the two axes, two attributes 102 and 103 selected from among all of the attributes that have been given to each piece of program information, to make the program table 101. For the audience, program tables of various constructions can be displayed on the display means at will and in respective program retrieval operations, a program table that is easy to use to search for a program can be obtained. An specific desired program can be found in a short time by selecting key word(s) related to each program and extracting them from the program or the like. This is useful for an audience member to make a plan of desired broadcasts for himself.

2006-05-16

307

TOWARDS A MOTIVATIONAL THEORY OF TECHNOLOGY IMPLEME NTATION PROCESSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing the selection and implementation of inform ation technology is a critically important activity, but significant gaps exist in o ur understanding of that process. This paper proposes an alternative research approach, in which the motivation to implement a system is the starting point for understanding subsequent ado ption processes. The paper has three main components: first we justify the

Stephen Smith; Mahbubur Rahim; Robert Johnston; Graeme Shanks

2007-01-01

308

Exploring information technology adoption by family physicians: survey instrument valuation.  

PubMed Central

As the information needs of family physicians become more complex, there will be a greater need to successfully implement the technologies needed to manage that information. The ability to stratify primary care physicians can enable the implementation process to be more efficient. This research tested a new instrument on 101 family physicians, and was able to stratify physicians into high, intermediate, and low information technology (IT) usage groups. It is expected that this stratification would allow managers of IT implementation to target specific adoption strategies for each group. The instrument is available from ddixon@julian.uwo.ca.

Dixon, D. R.; Stewart, M.

2000-01-01

309

Information technologies for vaccine research.  

PubMed

Vaccinology is a combinatorial science which studies the diversity of pathogens and the human immune system, and formulations that can modulate immune responses and prevent or cure disease. Huge amounts of data are produced by genomics and proteomics projects and large-scale screening of pathogen-host and antigen-host interactions. Current developments in computational vaccinology mainly support the analysis of antigen processing and presentation and the characterization of targets of immune response. Future development will also include systemic models of vaccine responses. Immunomics, the large-scale screening of immune processes which includes powerful immunoinformatic tools, offers great promise for future translation of basic immunology research advances into successful vaccines. PMID:16026252

Brusic, Vladimir; August, J Thomas; Petrovsky, Nikolai

2005-06-01

310

77 FR 27774 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy AGENCY: Government Accountability...Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy...

2012-05-11

311

78 FR 7784 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters AGENCY: Government...Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy...

2013-02-04

312

Information technology and organizational learning: a review and assessment of research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews and assesses the emerging research literature on information technology and organizational learning. After discussing issues of meaning and measurement, we identify and assess two main streams of research: studies that apply organizational learning concepts to the process of implementing and using information technology in organizations; and studies concerned with the design of information technology applications to support

Daniel Robey; Marie-Claude Boudreau; Gregory M Rose

2000-01-01

313

Information technology and learning: Their relationship and impact on organisational performance in small businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is seen as a key tool in knowledge management processes. Nevertheless, the presence of information technology neither guarantees knowledge creation, knowledge distribution nor knowledge use. In addition to information technology, a job environment and a culture that encourage sharing and continuous learning should also be created and maintained by management. This paper provides empirical evidence of the relationship

Josefa Ruiz-Mercader; Angel Luis Meroño-Cerdán; Ramón Sabater-Sánchez

314

Information technology and learning: Their relationship and impact on organisational performance in small businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is seen as a key tool in knowledge management processes. Nevertheless, the presence of information technology neither guarantees knowledge creation, knowledge distribution nor knowledge use. In addition to information technology, a job environment and a culture that encourage sharing and continuous learning should also be created and maintained by management. This paper provides empirical evidence of the relationship

Josefa Ruiz-Mercader; Angel Luis Meroño-Cerdan; Ramón Sabater-Sánchez

2006-01-01

315

Education and Career Pathways in Information Communication Technology: What Are Schoolgirls Saying?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper highlights key themes which emerged from schoolgirls' responses to focus group questions regarding perceptions of Information Communication Technology (ICT) subjects in the Queensland senior secondary curriculum, primarily, Information Processing Technology (IPT) and Information Technology Systems (ITS). The 2006 focus group interviews…

Lasen, Michelle

2010-01-01

316

Information Processing and Formation of Sociology of Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress and development in technology of information processing has not only effected gradually the fundamental purpose, that is providing exact information for people who need it, but also has offered many numerical data that are optimum to form Sociology of Science. To have more knowledge to understand the construction of the world with Sociology of Science can supply more devices for making scientific policy and can do more good for technology of information processing. This paper reviews these process looking through the process of formation of Sociology of Science.

Abe, Koichiro

317

Separation process using microchannel technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The disclosed invention relates to a process and apparatus for separating a first fluid from a fluid mixture comprising the first fluid. The process comprises: (A) flowing the fluid mixture into a microchannel separator in contact with a sorption medium, the fluid mixture being maintained in the microchannel separator until at least part of the first fluid is sorbed by

Anna Lee Tonkovich; Steven T. Perry; Ravi Arora; Dongming Qiu; Michael Jay Lamont; Deanna Burwell; Terence Andrew Dritz; Jeffrey S. McDaniel; Jr. Rogers; William A; Laura J. Silva; Daniel J. Weidert; Wayne W. Simmons; G. Bradley Chadwell

2009-01-01

318

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2010-10-01

319

75 FR 76986 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; Request for Information Regarding the...Realizing the Full Potential of Health Information Technology To Improve Healthcare for...

2010-12-10

320

Strategic Information Technology Management: Managing Organizational, Political, and Technological Forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the role of Information Technology (IT) in the management of municipally-owned and operated public utilities. Through semi-structured interviews of senior management in the largest municipal electric and water systems, the paper examines the confluence of contextual factors fostering changes in an IT management strategy, which tend to be aimed at increasing efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery

Keith Schildt; Suzanne Beaumaster; Marcie Edwards

2005-01-01

321

Quantum information processing with two trapped cadmium ions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum information processing combines information theory with laws of quantum mechanics to provide an interesting new study that promises significant technological advances in the field of computation. The quest for a physical quantum information processor not only tests the limits of quantum mechanics but also motivates the development of new control techniques for quantum systems. This thesis documents the implementation

Patricia J. Lee

2006-01-01

322

Research Opportunities in Information Science and Technology: Cognitive Aspects of Information Science, Information Technology, and Economics of Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains the reports of three working groups which were convened separately over a 3-year period at the request of the Advisory Committee for the Division of Information Science and Technology of the National Science Foundation to obtain the opinion of experts concerning research opportunities and trends in information science and…

National Science Foundation. Washington, DC. Div. of Information Science and Technology.

323

Research Opportunities in Information Science and Technology: Cognitive Aspects of Information Science, Information Technology, and Economics of Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the reports of three working groups which were convened separately over a 3-year period at the request of the Advisory Committee for the Division of Information Science and Technology of the National Science Foundation to obtain the opinion of experts concerning research opportunities and trends in information science and…

National Science Foundation. Washington, DC. Div. of Information Science and Technology.

324

Technology, Privacy and the Democratic Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through a review of two accelerating trends in the technology of producing and distributing information and entertainment, this paper argues that the promises of "the information economy" and the "television of abundance" bring not the emancipation of diversity and access, but the rapid disintegration of an already weakened right to privacy at…

Gandy, Oscar H., Jr.; Simmons, Charles E.

325

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Spring 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

CONTENTS Faculty\\/Staff Initiative, LibQual 2007 1 Identity Management 2 New Horizons, Technology Events 3 In the News, Help Desk Statistics 4 Sonic Archaeology 5-6 ELMS, iPod Grant, ANGEL, MetroCenter, Drake Library 7 Library Instruction Program 8 New Library Help Desk, File City, Technology Procurement System, Email9 ANGEL Workshops 10 Dreamweaver, ITS Workshop 11 ITS Contact Information 12

Mary Jo Orzech

2007-01-01

326

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2005\\u000aMary Jo Orzech, Editor\\u000aContents:\\u000aMultimedia Upgrades 1 McAfee Virus Protection CDs Available 1 Davenport Hatch Grants 1 Edwards Instruction Sounds Better 2 Instructional Technology Equipment 2 Fall Lab Upgrades 2 New hours for early risers 2 Dailey Classroom Schedule Online 3 New laptops in CELT 3 A-Team Training in August 3 ResNet Connects!

Mary Jo Orzech

2005-01-01

327

Information Technology and the Future of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Will improvements in information technology eliminate face-to-face interactions and make cities obsolete? In this paper, we present a model where people make contacts and choose a mode of interaction: meeting face-to-face or communicating electronically. Cities are a means of reducing the fixed travel costs involved in face-to-face interactions. When telecommunications technology improves, there will be two opposing effects on cities

Jess Gaspar; Edward L. Glaeser

1998-01-01

328

Investigation of Metal Processing Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the research conducted on metal processing over the 42-month period from October 1985 to April 1989. The research includes work on hot isothermal compression testing, lubrication data on ring compression tests, designing and buildin...

I. A. Martorell J. O. Brown P. M. French T. E. Jones V. Jain

1989-01-01

329

New information and communication technologies and community radio stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an investigation of the diffusion of new information and communication technologies (ICTs), particularly the Internet, by community broadcasting organisations.\\u000aIn order to understand ICT diffusion processes in community radio stations, this study focuses on a particular project which saw a large scale diffusion of Internet technologies across Australian community radio stations at the beginning of 1998. The Community

Wendy Lee Coates

2005-01-01

330

SPECIAL ISSUE ON OPTICAL PROCESSING OF INFORMATION: Waveguide optoelectronic components for devices used in functional processing of digital information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results are given of technologic and circuit-engineering development of planar micro-optics components made of glasses and of lithium niobate. These components are intended for devices to be used in logic—arithmetic processing of information.

Gladkii, V. P.; Nikitin, V. A.; Prokhorov, V. P.; Yakovenko, N. A.

1995-10-01

331

Fluidization technologies: Aerodynamic principles and process engineering.  

PubMed

The concept of fluidization has been adapted to different unit processes of pharmaceutical product development. Till date a lot of improvements have been made in the engineering design to achieve superior process performance. This review is focused on the fundamental principles of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics associated with the fluidization technologies. Fluid-bed coating, fluidized bed granulation, rotor processing, hot melt granulation, electrostatic coating, supercritical fluid based fluidized bed technology are highlighted. Developments in the design of processing equipments have been explicitly elucidated. This article also discusses processing problems from the operator's perspective along with latest developments in the application of these principles. PMID:19340888

Dixit, Rahul; Puthli, Shivanand

2009-11-01

332

Wireless technologies for logistic distribution process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the integration of logistic management with information and communication technologies to largely improve the effectiveness of logistic fleet operations. The work presented here shows a real-world fleet management system that integrates mobile communication and supports real-time logistic information flow management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – First, the application of information and mobile communication

Win-Bin See

2007-01-01

333

Portal monitoring technology control process  

SciTech Connect

Portal monitors are an important part of the material protection, control, and accounting (MPC and A) programs in Russia and the US. Although portal monitors are only a part of an integrated MPC and A system, they are an effective means of controlling the unauthorized movement of special nuclear material (SNM). Russian technical experts have gained experience in the use of SNM portal monitors from US experts ad this has allowed them to use the monitors more effectively. Several Russian institutes and companies are designing and manufacturing SNM portal monitors in Russia. Interactions between Russian and US experts have resulted in improvements to the instruments. SNM portal monitor technology has been effectively transferred from the US to Russia and should be a permanent part of the Russian MPC and A Program. Progress in the implementation of the monitors and improvements to how they are used are discussed.

York, R.L.

1998-12-31

334

Wood Technology: Techniques, Processes, and Products  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seven areas of wood technology illustrates applicable techniques, processes, and products for an industrial arts woodworking curriculum. They are: wood lamination; PEG (polyethylene glycol) diffusion processes; wood flour and/or particle molding; production product of industry; WPC (wood-plastic-composition) process; residential construction; and…

Oatman, Olan

1975-01-01

335

Making the IT (information technology) jigsaw fit.  

PubMed

Providers will need good information systems to survive in the internal market. In the first of the Journal's regular special features on computing (to appear in the last week of every month) we examine the strategic issues facing hospital managers investing in information technology, and look at two very different approaches to harnessing IT--one of which is a sophisticated hospital management package, the other a rough and ready early warning system. PMID:10109495

Palmer, G; Cruickshank, J; Beale, P

1991-01-31

336

The study on critical technique and applying solution of smart terminal spatial information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial information processing is one of the important research contents in information technology. It is the major direction to combine geo-information technique and mobile communication technique in the spatial information processing. In this paper, we have thoroughly analyzed supporting techniques of mobile smart terminal spatial information processing system based on the spatial information's characters such as real-time, mass, distributing, complexity,

Xuefeng Liu; Jing Zhang; Jianhua Mao; Yuangang Liu; Lu Wencheng; Yang Liu

2010-01-01

337

Electrochromic Windows: Advanced Processing Technology  

SciTech Connect

This project addresses the development of advanced fabrication capabilities for energy saving electrochromic (EC) windows. SAGE EC windows consist of an inorganic stack of thin films deposited onto a glass substrate. The window tint can be reversibly changed by the application of a low power dc voltage. This property can be used to modulate the amount of light and heat entering buildings (or vehicles) through the glazings. By judicious management of this so-called solar heat gain, it is possible to derive significant energy savings due to reductions in heating lighting, and air conditioning (HVAC). Several areas of SAGE’s production were targeted during this project to allow significant improvements to processing throughput, yield and overall quality of the processing, in an effort to reduce the cost and thereby improve the market penetration. First, the overall thin film process was optimized to allow a more robust set of operating points to be used, thereby maximizing the yield due to the thin film deposition themselves. Other significant efforts aimed at improving yield were relating to implementing new procedures and processes for the manufacturing process, to improve the quality of the substrate preparation, and the quality of the IGU fabrication. Furthermore, methods for reworking defective devices were developed, to enable devices which would otherwise be scrapped to be made into useful product. This involved the in-house development of some customized equipment. Finally, the improvements made during this project were validated to ensure that they did not impact the exceptional durability of the SageGlass® products. Given conservative estimates for cost and market penetration, energy savings due to EC windows in residences in the US are calculated to be of the order 0.026 quad (0.026×1015BTU/yr) by the year 2017.

SAGE Electrochromics, Inc

2006-12-13

338

Viewpoint: Using Information Technology to Enhance Engineering Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews three learning models and information technologies that can be used to support the effective application of these learning models in engineering higher education. The effectiveness of an information technology is analysed through the appropriateness of the technology in supporting a particular learning model. The mapping of information technologies to learning models identifies technologies in which engineering schools

HENG LI

1997-01-01

339

Autotrophic Ammonia Removal Processes: Ecology to Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decade has witnessed rapid spur in technoeconomic autotrophic ammonia removal technologies for wastewater treatment such as SHARON, ANAMMOX, SNAD, CANON, OLAND, DEMON, and BABE. These technologies have the potential to remove high concentrations of ammonia in wastewaters. Despite their high removal efficiency, the quantum of full-scale applications of these processes is far from trivial. The issues that create

Samik Bagchi; Rima Biswas; Tapas Nandy

2012-01-01

340

Automated Composites Processing Technology: Film Module.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed a technology that combines a film/adhesive laydown module with fiber placement technology to enable the processing of composite prepreg tow/tape and films, foils or adhesives on the same placement m...

A. B. Hutcher

2004-01-01

341

Signal Processing Applications of Systolic Array Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Architectures and algorithms are examined for exploiting the large number of degrees of freedom available in current VLSI and projected VHSIC integrated circuit technologies to provide real-time implementations for sonar signal processing tasks. Such real...

H. J. Whitehouse J. M. Speiser K. Bromley

1983-01-01

342

Information Technology and Firm Performance: The Role of Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an essential quest in the literature to open up the “black box” of Information Technology (IT) by identifying and explaining how and why IT creates value for the firm. The present dissertation is an attempt to clarify the role of innovation in the process of value creation from IT investments. It belongs to the mainstream of “IT business

F. Zand

2011-01-01

343

Integrating logistics and information technology strategies for sustainable competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To investigate the integration process of retailer's information technology strategy within logistics strategy and to find out those aspects of the retailer's distribution and operational performance that are mostly influenced via that integration. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A qualitative case study methodology is used where the managers of the major domestic and multinational firms operating in the Greek food multiple

Michael Bourlakis; Constantine Bourlakis

2006-01-01

344

Advancing Information Technology in the Waste Management World  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and utilization of software for the waste management world is critical, yet complex. Numerous and sometimes conflicting regulations, coupled with demands for streamlined efficiency and high standards of safety, require innovative information technology solutions and closely-managed processes. The primary goal of this paper is to demonstrate how this challenge can be met by applying software engineering best practices

B. Slater; G. Smylie; S. Thompson; H. Bruemmer

2008-01-01

345

Learning about Information Technology in Education Using Multimedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Malaysian Ministry of Education has given adequate opportunity for teachers to acquire knowledge and skills in operating computer and information technology (C&IT) in order to fully utilize C&IT in the learning and teaching process, as well as in the daily running of the school. Realizing the vision of the ministry, Universiti Teknologi…

Aris, Baharuddin; Abu, Mohd Salleh; Ellington, Henry; Dhamotharan, Mogana

346

Evaluation of a computer networking class in information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology (IT) is a rapidly-developing discipline. IT instructors often design new courses to meet changing needs. There is also a need to evaluate courses once they have been designed and implemented. Evaluation of courses leads to improvements in the learning experiences for students and better understanding of the educational process and outcomes for course designers and instructors. Evaluation and

C. Richard G. Helps; Joseph J. Ekstrom

2008-01-01

347

Information Technology for CRRT and Dose Delivery Calculator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The application of information technology (IT) to the field of critical care nephrology is a process that may reduce errors in care delivery, improve monitoring, decrease unintentional practice variation, increase the quality and accuracy of delivered treatments. Methods: This review presents some examples of potential applications of recent IT achievements to clinical practice. Results: The adequacy calculator for continuous

Z. Ricci; C. Ronco

2007-01-01

348

Fostering an Informal Learning Community of Computer Technologies at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Computer technologies develop at a challenging fast pace. Formal education should not only teach students basic computer skills to meet current computer needs, but also foster student development of informal learning ability for a lifelong learning process. On the other hand, students growing up in the digital world are often more skilled with…

Xiao, Lu; Carroll, John M.

2007-01-01

349

Information-Technology-Support Systems for Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is an interim report of a project funded by the Manpower Services Commission in Great Britain. The main aim of the project is to investigate how information technology (IT) may support the British Further Education Unit's proven curriculum development model. The report is structured around the five curriculum development processes

Further Education Unit, London (England).

350

Wireless technology for process automation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activities concerning an industrial wireless have become more active in the process automation (PA). In this paper, ZigBee, WirelessHART and ISA100.11a are introduced as typical industrial wireless standards, and the comparison between WirelessHART and ISA100.11a those are installed or are expected in PA field is explained. In addition, activities of international standardization and regional radio regulations are shown. Moreover, as

H. Hayashi; T. Hasegawa; K. Demachi

2009-01-01

351

Curricular and marketing responses to offshoring of information technology services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomenon of offshore outsourcing of information technology services demands both curricular and marketing responses from providers of information technology education. The high level of skill possessed by offshore providers of information technology services at lower cost than domestic (American) providers compels a serious re-examination of the outcomes of contemporary information technology education. Expected (and already apparent) decline in enrollment

Thomas I. M. Ho

2004-01-01

352

48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a) To be...propose electronic and information technology (EIT) that meet the applicable...software or the attachment of an assistive technology device, but merely...

2010-10-01

353

[New information technologies and health consumerism].  

PubMed

Concepts related to consumption have shifted to include social processes not previously covered by traditional categories. The current review analyzes the application of classical concepts of consumerism to practices recently identified in the health field, like the phenomenon of cyberchondria. The theoretical challenge relates to the difficulty in extrapolating from the economic perspectives of consumerism to self-care issues in the context of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Drawing on recent anthropological categories, the study seeks to understand the phenomenon of self-care commodification under the imperative of self-accountability for health. New consumer identities are described in light of the unprecedented issues concerning technical improvements currently altering the nature of self-care. The study concludes that health is consumed as vitality, broken down into commercial artifacts in the context of a new bioeconomy - no longer linked to the idea of emulation and possession, but to forms of self-perception and self-care in the face of multiple risks and new definitions of the human being. PMID:21229207

Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto; Castiel, Luis David; Bagrichevsky, Marcos; Griep, Rosane Harter

2010-08-01

354

FUTURE TRENDS AND SCENARIOS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are enjoying the benefits of a period of unprecedented advancement of information technology stimulating similar advancements in many other fields. As for all phenomena of exponential growth the question is not whether, but only when and why this would come to an end, more specifically: would it be physics or economics that raises the barrier to further scaling? As

Christian Loesch

355

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their

Ben-Tzion Karsh; Matthew B. Weinger; Patricia A. Abbott; Robert L. Wears

2010-01-01

356

Salary Trends of Information Technology Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid job growth in the information technology (IT) field has created a supply and demand imbalance for highly skilled professionals. This shortage of IT workers exists in virtually every major business sector. Sectors that are most affected by this problem include the financial, retail, manufacturing, service, entertainment, and transportation industries. To cope with this problem, companies and organizations are offering

Kai S. Koong; Lai C. Liu

357

HRM practices in information technology management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the specific problem of the critical levels of staff turnover in the information technology (IT) area in Hong Kong. The aim is to give advice to improve the management of IT personnel. IT management practices are compared with theories from human resource management. As the theories are mostly developed in a Western context, a grounded approach has

Ernest Jordan; Alma M. Whiteley

1994-01-01

358

What went wrong? Unsuccessful information technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) project management is a crucial issue for organizations today. A 1995 study in the USA found that 31 per cent of software projects will be canceled before completion, and more than half the projects will cost an average of 189 per cent of the original estimates. This article examines the results of a survey questionnaire that was

Brenda Whittaker

1999-01-01

359

Information technology in frontline service work organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the literature abounds with studies about information technology (IT) and its effects on manufacturing work organization, frontline service work is relatively under-researched. This article addresses this gap by examining a fast-growing frontline service work setting, namely, call centres. The article draws postulates from ethnographic fieldwork and general theories about the relationship between the use of IT, work organization and

May Tam Yeuk-Mui

2001-01-01

360

New Information Technologies in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to examine possible applications of new information technologies (NIT) in special education within different educational, socio?economic and socio?cultural contexts and, in particular, the possibilities of transference of these applications from the industrialised nations to the developing countries. The study also contains references to positive and negative results of the use of NIT in the

Jørgen Hansen

1988-01-01

361

Innovative Use of Information Technology by Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Council on Library and Information Resources' (CLIR's) College Libraries Committee began its study of the innovative uses of technology on college campuses in the spring of 1998. A letter was sent to heads of libraries of colleges and mid-sized universities in the United States encouraging librarians who felt their institutions had used…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

362

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIPS BETWEEN INDUSTRY AND ACADEMIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the problems facing Information Systems edncators in keeping CDITent and producing graduates with skills that are valuable to employers. These problems are often magnified by rapid changes in technology. This paper proposes use of partnerships and learning alliances between industry and education as one approach to solving these problems. Several types ofpartnerships, including examples, are presented. These

Doris Duncan

363

Culture and Cognition in Information Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aims at explaining the outcomes of information technology education for international students using anthropological theories of cultural schemas. Even though computer science and engineering are usually assumed to be culture-independent, the practice in classrooms seems to indicate that learning patterns depend on culture. The…

Holvikivi, Jaana

2007-01-01

364

New health systems using network information technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new health system is coming based on network information technologies. It consists of health measurement across the full spectrum of health determinants, using mobile devices such as smartphones. This measurement generates personal health records for each individual within a population, which can then be analyzed to identify cohorts, using statistical clustering on supercomputers. These cohorts determine \\

Bruce R. Schatz

2011-01-01

365

Revolution's end: Information technology and crisis management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the general enthusiasm for applying information technology to military affairs, insufficient work has been done on the question of how new systems will facilitate the management of international crises. Crises often set the initial conditions under which military competition must take place. The prevailing wisdom treats them as a less intense form of military conflict, so the same gains

Damon Coletta

2003-01-01

366

Reflections on Information Technology in Biomedicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Healthcare services are changing. One of the change drivers is the inclusion of individuals (patients) into health service delivery with the objective of proactively addressing health problems as early as possible. Another change driver is information technology, which enables new improved health services and also new ways of organizing and delivering these. The established relations between stakeholders are the major

N. Saranummi

2007-01-01

367

Training and information technology issue, 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of the May-June issue is on training and information technology. Major articles\\/reports in this issue include: Communicating effectively, by Alain Bucaille, AREVA; Reputation management, by Susan Brisset, Bruce Power; Contol room and HSI modernization guidance, by Joseph Naser, EPRI; How far are we from public acceptance, by Jennifer A. Biedscheid and Murthy Devarakonda, Washington TRU Solutions LLC; Spent

Agnihotri; Newal

2005-01-01

368

[Information technology in medicine - some legal observations].  

PubMed

Information Technology (IT) and computing capabilities are revolutionizing the practice of medicine in an unprecedented way. Some current legal and ethical concerns evolving from this revolution are addressed, pointing to the emerging concepts in Israeli jurisprudence, which regards medical IT as an important contribution to patient empowerment, to medical risk management and in managing the resources of a national health system. PMID:23885452

Siegal, Gil

2013-05-01

369

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY REQUIREMENTS IN AN OUTSOURCING PARTNERSHIP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outsourcing is widely used in today's competitive business environment. However, need for information technology arrangements between the companies is often forgotten or the amount of work underestimated. This paper describes experiences from a case study where two companies started working in an R&D outsourcing partnership relationship, and reports problems encountered and possible solutions to them.

Marianne Kinnula; Veikko Seppänen

2003-01-01

370

Staff Scheduling Optimization in Information Technology Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an organization that develops Information Technology projects, often exists staff scheduling demands. In most of these organizations the resources are simultaneously shared between many projects. The organization has the responsibility of doing this optimized staff scheduling attending the projects demands. But, this is not a simple task to do and it turns more complex as the number of projects

Amaury Brasil Filho; Ana Sofia Marçal; Gabriela Costa; Placido Pinheirol

2007-01-01

371

A study of hotel information technology applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Information technology (IT) applications in the hotel industry have largely been devoted to the handling of the routine operational problems that crop up while running a hotel. Previously, the hotel industry has been criticised as reluctant to make full use of IT. This paper reports and analyses the findings of a recent survey on IT applications in Hong

Rob Law; Giri Jogaratnam

2005-01-01

372

Information Technology Laboratory Technical Accomplishments, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers the first full year of operaton of the ITL, which was established by NIST in 1966. ITL works with industry to develop key elements of the technical infrastructure for information technology. These elements are needed by industry and use...

1998-01-01

373

Myths and Symbols of Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concepts and symbols of the language of information techology are examined, including the concept of a technological revolution, a literacy crisis, the presumption of a moral and ethical dilemma, orientation toward the future, the promise of productivity, the image of an elite using an unintelligible language, and the symbol of the infallible…

Talbert, Roy, Jr.

1984-01-01

374

Managing Black Swan Information Technology Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radically innovative information technology projects are considered one of the most challenging and difficult types of software projects to oversee and manage. The unique nature of such projects relegates them into a unique class of projects that we characterize as “Black Swans.” Highly innovative\\/radical IT projects reflect a “black swan” situation, where knowledge from previous projects do not provide significant

Wilfred W. Wu; Gregory M. Rose; Kalle Lyytinen

2011-01-01

375

Meeting Seniors' Information Needs: Using Computer Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the design and development of a program to integrate computer technology into two Nurse Wellness Centers located in low-income minority high-rise facilities. The goal of the program is to teach residents how to use the computers and the Internet to locate health information and to take a more active role in their own health care. Previous research

Robert James Campbell

2008-01-01

376

The Coming Ubiquity of Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from a 1995 survey on campus computing indicate a major gain in the proportion of colleges and universities using information technology as an instructional resource. Four educators respond to this news and examine possible trends and issues to be addressed. (MSE)|

Green, Kenneth C.

1996-01-01

377

Information Technology in Libraries. A Pakistani Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents an overview of the present status of the use of library automation hardware and software in Pakistan. The following 20 articles are included: (1) "The Status of Library Automation in Pakistan"; (2) "Promoting Information Technology in Pakistan: the Netherlands Library Development Project"; (3) "Library Software in Pakistan";…

Mahmood, Khalid

378

Fuzzy information technology and knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuzzy information technology (fuzzy IT) is a useful extension of traditional IT in that it can manipulate qualitative or non-crisp data. This may be important for firms concerned with identifying, measuring, and managing the knowledge. Both traditional and fuzzy IT researchers need to relate their methods to the concepts and models used in knowledge (intellectual capital) management so that they

Nancy Green Hall

2000-01-01

379

Information Technology and Russia's Social Modernization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technologies play a very important role in modernizing Russia's economy and society as whole. Its competitive advantage lies in the availability of highly educated labour resources. Russia accounts for approximately 9% of researchers in the world as opposed to a share of about 0.3% in the world innovation market. Our approach is based on identifying ways to set up

Svetlana Petukhova; Margarita Strepetova

2010-01-01

380

Transaction costs, information technology and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of transaction costs on economic welfare and development, and the role of information technology (IT) in reducing transaction costs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper extends the static model of Romer, in which transaction costs reduce welfare by reducing the equilibrium number of intermediate goods, and estimate the welfare losses

Nirvikar Singh

2008-01-01

381

Information Technology Standards Program management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents a logical and realistic plan to implement the Information Technology (IT) Standards Program throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). It was developed by DOE Chief Information Officer (CIO) staff, with participation from many other individuals throughout the DOE complex. The DOE IT Standards Program coordinates IT standards activities Department-wide, including implementation of standards to support the DOE Information Architecture. The Program is voluntary, participatory, and consensus-based. The intent is to enable accomplishment of the DOE mission, and the Program is applicable to all DOE elements, both Federal and contractor. The purpose of this document is to describe the key elements of the DOE IT Standards Program.

NONE

1998-05-01

382

Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

1999-05-01

383

A study on information hiding technology in image encoding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information hiding is a new technology which integrates with theories and technologies of many academic and technical subjects. For information hiding, digital media are used as the carrier of the information to be hidden. The carrier conceals secret messages by covering the form of their existence. In this paper, we briefly introduce the definition, basic models and basic characters of information hiding. The application and research trends for information hiding system are concerned. The information hiding technology based on digital image processing is closely related to human vision system. When the messages are having been concealed, the human eyes are due to verify the existence of hiding messages. That is, the status of information coverage depends on the human vision system. It is obvious that the characteristics of human vision system is to be taken advantage. The added secrete information in the digital image should have no any effect onto human eyes. In our research work, an implementation of information hiding technology system which is based on digital image encoding is proposed. First by analyzing knowledge of digital image processing and the model of human vision system, we discussed the algorithm of time domain appending method and the algorithm of substitution of lease significant bit. Secondly, we analyzed theory and algorithms of 2-D discrete wavelet transform and frequency domain algorithm based on discrete wavelet transformation. Carefully design software for information hiding based on digital image using Microsoft Visual C++6.0 is implemented. The communication with hiding messages may use any format of images such as BMP. It is proved to be an effective application.

Li, Li; Yao, Zhihai; Wu, Haitao; Dai, Qiang

2005-02-01

384

Constructing the information society: women, information technology, and design  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the first time in history, women have the opportunity to play a major and visible role in a social transformation of potentially monumental proportions. The extensive reach and penetration of information technology into virtually every area of society creates enormous opportunities for women. But women's lack of representation in IT design roles may prevent them from capitalizing on these

Jane E. Fountain

2000-01-01

385

Information technologies and the information superhighway: Guest editor's introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special section is dedicated to five papers which were presented in the Fall of 1995 on the Internet in two research forums: ITFORUM1 and PSYGAME2. These papers represent how research involving information and instructional technologies can be facilitated using the Internet. A number of related themes are involved, including interactivity and learning effectiveness, automatic collection of data on human-computer

J. Michael Spector

1997-01-01

386

Health Insurance Claim Review Using Information Technologies  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA)'s payment request (PARE) system that plays the role of the gateway for all health insurance claims submitted to HIRA, and the claim review support (CRS) system that supports the work of claim review experts in South Korea. Methods This study describes the two systems' information technology (IT) infrastructures, their roles, and quantitative analysis of their work performance. It also reports the impact of these systems on claims processing by analyzing the health insurance claim data submitted to HIRA from April 1 to June 30, 2011. Results The PARE system returned to healthcare providers 2.7% of all inpatient claims (97,930) and 0.1% of all outpatient claims (317,007) as un-reviewable claims. The return rate was the highest for the hospital group as 0.49% and the lowest rate was found in clinic group. The CRS system's detection rate of the claims with multiple errors in inpatient and outpatient areas was 23.1% and 2.9%, respectively. The highest rate of error detection occurred at guideline check-up stages in both inpatient and outpatient groups. Conclusions The study found that HIRA's two IT systems had a critical role in reducing heavy administrative workloads through automatic data processing. Although the return rate of the problematic claims to providers and the error detection rate by two systems was low, the actual count of the returned claims was large. The role of IT will become increasingly important in reducing the workload of health insurance claims review.

Yoon, Jeong-Sik; Speedie, Stuart M.; Yoon, Hojung; Lee, Jiseon

2012-01-01

387

Technology, information production, and market efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

A well functioning securities market relies on the availability of accurate information, a broad base of investors who can process this information, legal protection of these investors’ rights, and a liquid secondary market unencumbered by excessive transaction costs or constraints. When these conditions are satisfied, securities markets are likely to be broader and more efficient, with felicitous consequences for investment

Gene DAvolio; Efi Gildor; Andrei Shleifer

2001-01-01

388

76 FR 66327 - Iron Mountain Information Management, Inc., Corporate Service Group, Information Technology (IT...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division, Including On-Site Leased...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division, including on-site leased...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division. The Department has...

2011-10-26

389

77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee: Request for Comment...Health Records (EHRs) AGENCY: Health Information Technology (HIT) Policy Committee, Office of...

2012-11-26

390

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and operating (M&O...Designated Senior Official for Information Management may authorize an M&O contractor to acquire information technology for use by the...

2009-10-01

391

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and operating (M&O...Designated Senior Official for Information Management may authorize an M&O contractor to acquire information technology for use by the...

2010-10-01

392

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and operating (M&O) contracts...Designated Senior Official for Information Management may authorize an M&O contractor to acquire information technology for use by the...

2011-10-01

393

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Office of Information Technology. 200.26a...CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization and Program Management General Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The...

2013-04-01

394

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and operating (M&O) contracts...Designated Senior Official for Information Management may authorize an M&O contractor to acquire information technology for use by the...

2012-10-01

395

The Place of the Information User in the Planning Process for Information Communication: The Zambian Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses human communication and information in the context of Zambia's national environment, with an emphasis on the relationship between human communication and information transmission using modern technology. The place of the information user in the planning process is considered, and the important roles of internal and external…

Lundu, Maurice C.

396

Organic Process Technology Valuation: Cyclohexanone Oxime Syntheses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three contemporary processes for cyclohexanone oxime synthesis are evaluated in a case study. The case study introduces organic chemistry students to basic cost accounting to determine the most economical technology. Technical and financial aspects of these processes are evaluated with problem-based exercises that may be completed by students…

Cannon, Kevin C.; Breen, Maureen P.

2010-01-01

397

Technological overview reports for eight shale oil recovery processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the document is to supply background information for evaluation of environmental impacts and pollution control technologies in connection with oil shale development. Six surface retorting processes selected for characterization were: (1) Union Oil Retort B, (2) Paraho, (3) TOSCO II, (4) Lurgi Ruhrgas, (5) Superior Oil, and (6) USBM Gas Combustion. In addition, two in-situ retorting activities

C. C. Shih; J. E. Cotter; C. H. Prien; T. D. Nevens

1979-01-01

398

A Computer-Assisted Approach for Conducting Information Technology Applied Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The growing popularity of computer and network technologies has attracted researchers to investigate the strategies and the effects of information technology applied instructions. Previous research has not only demonstrated the benefits of applying information technologies to the learning process, but has also revealed the difficulty of applying…

Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Pei Jin; Yang, Tzu-Chi

2009-01-01

399

Part 4 Technology and the future of GIS and spatial analysis. Geographic Information Science: New methods and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geographical Information Science is essentially computational geography and has its own research program, namely all aspects of formal models for spatial natural processes and the interaction of humans with the environment in space and time. This is not a question of technology and technology-related research; but technology influences what questions can be researched effectively. Collection of data in the field

Andrew U. Frank

2000-01-01

400

Force XXI Technology and the Cognitive Approach to the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Force XXI Technology and the Cognitive Approach to the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) by Michael C. Sevcik, US Army, 43 pages. The United States Army has invested millions of dollars and countless man hours in information technology. This investm...

M. C. Sevcik

2000-01-01

401

Optical Disc Technology for Information Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This summary of the literature on document image processing from 1988-90 focuses on WORM (write once read many) technology and on rewritable (i.e., erasable) optical discs, and excludes CD-ROM. Highlights include vendors and products, standards, comparisons of storage media, software, legal issues, records management, indexing, and computer…

Brumm, Eugenia K.

1991-01-01

402

Gas separation processes: Technology\\/business review  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major problem in the commercialization of new membrane technology is that business executives and entrepreneurs in decision-making positions lack a practical understanding of how a membrane functions. Without this practical understanding, evaluating the risks and the amount and kind of work needed for the development effort is difficult. This paper begins bridging that information gap by discussing some of

Fain

1988-01-01

403

Impact Of Information Technology On The Accuracy Of Analyst Forecasts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the effect of information technology on analyst's forecast accuracy. Our analysis suggests that analyst forecast accuracy has increased with the growth in information technology. We capture the growth in information technology with seven proxy variables; the total sales of in- formation technology related firms, number of computers sold, number of websites, number of hosts, number of registered domains,

Sharad Asthana; Steven Balsam; Birendra Mishra

404

A WWXV Information-Seeking Process Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In now-a-days information society, most people use the Web for information retrieval. The correctmodelling and interpretation of this information seeking process OrSp) is an extremely hot topicamong website designers.

Susanne Loeber; Alexandra Cristea

2002-01-01

405

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use.

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

406

California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology is an advanced research and development organization whose goal is to "extend the reach of the current information infrastructure throughout the physical world to enable anytime/anywhere access." Highlights and news stories from the Institute are given on its Web site, as well as a multimedia section with live Webcasts and a video archive. The Institute has taken an original approach to "layered" research; a detailed overview is given for each research department that comprises one of the five layers of the new Internet.

407

Recent Research in Learning Technological Concepts and Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines recent research in student learning of technological concepts and processes. To explore this area three inter-related aspects are considered; existing concepts of technology, technological knowledge and processes. Different views of technology and technology education are reflected in both research outcomes and curriculum documents. Teacher and student perceptions of technology impact on the way in which technology is

Alister Jones

1997-01-01

408

Information-Technology Based Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing countries emphasize expansion of the educated population but demand for quality improvement follows later. Current science education reform is driven in part by post cold war restructuring of the global economy and associated focus on the education of a more scientifically literate society, due to the industrial change from labor-intensive to high-technology type, and the societal change inherent in the present information era. Industry needs employees of broad and flexible background with inter disciplinary training, engineers with better physics training, and well trained physicists. Education researches have proved that active-learning based methods are superior to the traditional methods and the information technology (IT) has lot to offer in this. Use of IT for improving physics education is briefly discussed with prospects for collaboration in the Asia-Pacific region via Asian Physics Education Network (ASPEN), UNESCO University Foundation Course in Physics (UUFCP), etc.

Kim, J. S.; Lee, K. H.

2001-04-01

409

Supersmooth processing technology of optical elements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The newest achievement of super smooth processing technology of optical element bowl-feed polishing (BFP) is described. The need background and developing tendency of super-smooth optical elements are analyzed. The key problems of BFP have been found, the process parameters have been determined, and the basic method of BFP has been worked out by the study of process factors and processing principle. (Phi) 50 mm k9 glass sample with 0.5 nm surface roughness and better than (lambda) /8 surface shape has been processed.

Song, Xiaoli; Zhang, Jiwu; Xin, Qiming; Su, Ying; Yang, Feng

2000-10-01

410

Controlling information technology costs, Part 2.  

PubMed

Health care executives are increasingly frustrated by Information Technology (IT). Although our industry is often accused of underinvesting in technology (hospitals average 2-3 percent of their costs in IT, compared to other industry's 8-10 percent), when IT investments are made, they fail to reflect demonstrable return to the bottom line. Yet the effective deployment of technology is so critical to the success of the organization and can in itself cause the failure of a health care system. While being forced to invest significant amounts of resources in the past two years preparing for Y2K, health care organizations have come under increasing financial pressures due to other industry developments. PMID:11968991

Honan, Tom; Ciotti, Vince

411

Information and Communication Technology in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various approaches can be identified to the development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Higher Education.\\u000a These approaches are related to the situation in a particular institution with respect to the growth of ICT. These approaches\\u000a are: Emerging, applying, integrating and transforming. A Higher Education institution may induce progress in various areas where the ICT-approach will have an impact.

Yvonne Buettner; Charles Duchâteau; Catherine P. Fulford; Pieter Hogenbirk; Mike Kendall; Raymond Morel; Tom J. Van Weert

2003-01-01

412

Global information technology and global citizenship education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Council for Education in World Citizenship has been working with Kingston University and the UK National Commission for\\u000a UNESCO, taking advantage of global information technology developments in order to build new programmes for global citizenship\\u000a education. The paper reports on practical experience, inviting new network partners. The IST-Africa 2007 conference provided\\u000a an opportunity to build on these foundations, with

Richard Ennals; Les Stratton; Noura Moujahid; Serhiy Kovela

2009-01-01

413

Does information technology raise Japan's productivity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A standard growth accounting exercise indicates that, after Japan's “lost decade,” its overall total-factor-productivity (TFP) growth has increased notably since 2000. This productivity revival has been limited, however, to information technology (IT) production—has not been a broad-based productivity acceleration like that seen in the United States after the mid-1990s. This paper examines the relationship between IT and productivity gains by

Takuji Fueki; Takuji Kawamoto

2009-01-01

414

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2004\\u000aMary Jo Orzech, Editor\\u000aContents:\\u000aGo Wireless! 1 New Email System 1 Windows XP and MS Office 2003 Pro Have Landed! 2 Tower Fine Arts Even Finer 2 Dreamweaver Upgraded 2 Adobe Creative Suite Arrives 2 GIS Service\\/Workshop 3 ITS A-Team Back in Business! 3 ITS Welcomes New Staff Member 4 Online Learning Update

Mary Jo Orzech

2004-01-01

415

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2003\\u000aContents:\\u000aVirus Updates 1 New Student E-mail Passwords 1 ANGEL Update 1 New PC’s in the Labs 1 JSTOR Arrives in Brockport 2 Smart Classroom Update 3 New Classroom Control Systems 3 CMST Institute 3 T3 Bandwidth Upgrade 3 IT Staff Headlines 4 Where are they now? 4 ICPSR 4 SUNY Learning Network Update

Mary Jo Orzech

2003-01-01

416

Information Technology Workforce Skills: Does Size Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in information technology (IT) services and their delivery have shifted the need for non-IT firms' (i.e., firms whose primary business is something other than providing IT goods and services) IT skills and capabilities to emphasize a business focus while integrating more outsourcing options from both domestic and global third-party providers. This paper explores how organizations of different sizes value

Judith C. Simon; Kate M. Kaiser; Cynthia Beath; Timothy Goles; Kevin Gallagher

2007-01-01

417

Careers in Information and Security Technologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive activity produced for Teachers' Domain investigates three possible career paths in information and security technologies: administration, development, and integration. Explore each path to learn more about the education and experience required for particular jobs such as computer support specialist, network and systems administrator, computer security specialist, database administrator, computer technician, computer hardware engineer, computer software engineer, computer training specialist, computer systems analyst, and network engineer. The interactive is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions.

2012-05-23

418

Information technology education one state's experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In past few years computing educators have witnessed (a) a call for a broader discipline called Information Technology rather than Computer Science [1,2,3], (b) the development of a new model curriculum for Computer Science [4], (c) a near crises in the supply of computer people at all levels, driving up salaries and spurring blue-ribbon reports [5,6,7,8] and new Federal and

William Mitchell

2002-01-01

419

Advances in information technology. Implications for medical education.  

PubMed Central

Few kinds of technology have had as broad an impact on the recent affairs of humanity as have information technologies. The appearance and rapid spread in the past several years of innovations such as the Internet's World Wide Web and the emergence of computer networks connecting tens to hundreds of millions of people worldwide have occurred with startling rapidity. These global events portend substantial changes in the delivery of health care, the conduct of biomedical research, and the undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education of health professionals. This report will attempt to succinctly review the following: (1) the characteristics of modern information technologies and recent trends that are most relevant to medical education and to the world in which future practitioners, researchers, and educators will live and work; (2) the implications of these technologies for the development of educational goals (in other words, the specific information technology skills that future health professionals will need); (3) the issues associated with the use of these technologies in the process of education; and (4) implications for near-term action by University of California medical schools and academic medical centers.

Masys, D R

1998-01-01

420

Effects of urban information and communication technology on sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the urban information and communication technology and its impacts on sustainable development. The findings are based on the views represented in literature and the relationship between information and communication technology and sustainability in urban development. Therefore, information and communication technology as the main component of the information society should be taken into consideration in sustainable development. In

M. Navabakhsh; M. Motlaq

2009-01-01

421

Specification and managed development of information technology curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Information Technology (IT) movement in higher education has been growing over several years, leading to a draft ACM CC2004 report that defines Information Technology in relation to other computing disciplines and a draft ABET\\/CAC accreditation standard that calls for documented educational objectives. As yet, there is no authoritative agreement on educational objectives for Information Technology. While proposing an Information

Kenneth L. Alford; Curtis A. Carter; Daniel J. Ragsdale; Eugene K. Ressler; Charles W. Reynolds

2004-01-01

422

The impact of information technology on internal communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the impact of information technology on internal communication at a tertiary education institution. An employee survey was distributed to determine the current impact of information technology on internal communication, and to explore the possible impact of two further information technology based communication systems. The survey found that despite a preference for face-to-face communication, respondents were better informed,

TIM O'Donovan

1998-01-01

423

Human information processing during physical exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to investigate how conditions of physical exercise affect human information processing. Sixteen subjects performed two information processing tasks (perception and decision) during two exercise conditions (endurance vs interval protocols) and during two control conditions (rest vs minimal load protocols). The control conditions required subjects either to perform the information processing tasks under resting conditions or while

FRED G. W. C. PAAS; JOS J. ADAM

1991-01-01

424

Information processing algorithms in the brain  

Microsoft Academic Search

If the brain is a machine that processes information, then its cognitive activity can be interpreted as a set of information processing states linking stimulus to response (i.e. as a mechanism or an algorithm). The cornerstone of this research agenda is the existence of a method to translate the measurable states of brain activity into the information processing states of

Philippe G. Schyns; Frederic Gosselin; Marie L. Smith

2008-01-01

425

Introduction to distributed geographic information processing research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed geographic information processing (DGIP) refers to the processing of geographic information across dispersed processing units through computer networks and other communication channels. DGIP has become increasingly important in the past decade with the popularization of computer networks, the growth of distributed data repositories, and the collaboration of researchers, developers, and users among multiple disciplines using geographic information. DGIP focuses

C. Yang; R. Raskin

2009-01-01

426

G.D.R. patent information system promotes the creation of modern high technologies as well as of complex innovation processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article explains the importance attached in the G.D.R. to patent information for formulating and solving R&D tasks. The G.D.R. Office for Inventions and Patents is responsible for the patent information system, which comprises information centres in industries, in various regions of the country and in the Office itself. Specialists engaged in R&D have easy access to patent literature, and

J. Hemmerling

1986-01-01

427

Information Communication Technology and Politics: A Synthesized Analysis of the Impacts of Information Technology on Voter Participation in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The availability of political information throughout society made possible by the evolution of contemporary information communication technology has precipitated conflicting debate regarding the effects of technology use on real life political participation. Proponents of technology argue that the use of new information technology stimulates…

Tsuma, Clive Katiba

2011-01-01

428

Providing access: The difference between sharing and just reporting geographical information systems and engineering information/information technology organizational data  

SciTech Connect

The concept for Corporate computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided engineering (CAE)/geographical information systems (GIS) and engineering information (EI)/ information technology (IT), and the sharing of this information is becoming popular as organizations flatten (or perhaps become more hollow) and as their functions merge into processes. However, not much is known about information sharing: why sharing happens, whit it does not, how much sharing is desirable, and how to manage it. This paper takes a look at these important issues.

Norton, F.J.

1996-06-10

429

Changing paradigms in dermatology: information technology.  

PubMed

Medicine and specifically, dermatology, is undergoing enormous changes in the way in which it is practiced. Much of this is a result of a fundamental change in the manner in which information is exchanged through information technology. With the advent of more advanced telecommunications, imaging capabilities and information transfer, the very ways in which we examine patients, develop diagnoses and plan treatments as dermatologists have changed dramatically. This chapter will briefly review the development of personal computers and the Internet, as well as changes in telecommunications capabilities and how these changes have already altered how we see patients and care for them, as well as how new advances may continue to change the world of medicine and dermatology in the near future. PMID:14678717

Dill, Sara W; Digiovanna, John J

430

Arctic Science and Technology Information System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of North America, the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database "contains over 46,000 records describing publications and research projects about northern Canada." This service, which has recently been made free with help from the Canadian Polar Commission, covers all of the major branches of science. The simple and advanced search features lead to citations of Canadian government and industry reports, journal articles, conference papers, theses, and books, from 1978 to present. Citations contain bibliographic information, an abstract, detailed subject and geographic terms, and a library symbol to aid in locating a publication. The database also holds close to 11,000 descriptions of research projects conducted in Canada's three northern territories (Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut) since 1974. Information about obtaining publications is provided at the search page.

431

Curriculum strategies to improve baccalaureate nursing information technology outcomes.  

PubMed

Improving information technology (IT) outcomes is a top nursing education priority. Improving care access, quality, and cost effectiveness, IT skills are vital for professional development and advancement. Nursing programs have embraced distance learning and added informatics content, courses, and specific technologies; however, undergraduates' and educators' skills are still considered inadequate. Meanwhile, the Nursing Informatics specialty has moved beyond IT competency articulation and measurement. It is promoting information literacy to support evidence-based practice and the cultivation of clinical wisdom. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative, a coalition aiming to advance IT outcomes in nursing education, has cited benchmarking and sharing best practices as key to achieving its goals. Thus, this article reports on the process, results, and implications of a project using curriculum strategies to enhance IT outcomes. A 3-year action plan directed faculty, student, and agency evaluation, curriculum mapping, model learning module, and documentation development. PMID:19260399

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

432

Graduating nurses' self-evaluation of information technology competencies.  

PubMed

Using a standardized instrument, graduating baccalaureate nurses reported moderate information technology skills. The students were most confident in their Internet, word processing, and systems operations skills; the students' rated themselves lowest on care documentation and planning, valuing informatics knowledge, skills development, and data entry competencies. Exposure to the latest informatics systems was a priority. Students want fair access to informatics and technology-rich clinical settings; more realistic informatics and technology simulations; enthusiastic and capable faculty; and better hardware, software, and literature-searching support in agencies, classrooms, laboratories, and residences. Nursing programs, clinical agencies, and policy makers need to recognize that students are advancing beyond acquiring informatics skills to integrating health information literacy into practice. To facilitate current and future skills attainment and innovation, nursing informatics education and evaluation must keep pace. PMID:19260400

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

433

Communication and information technologies: A dialectical model of technology and human agency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay appraises the relationship between technology and human agency with specific attention to communication and information technologies. Naive models of technological determinism, as well as models that disregard the deterministic qualities of technology, are rejected. In place of these a general, dialectical model of technology is presented, in which technologies and attitudes toward technologies are viewed as socially constructed.

William J. Kinsella

1993-01-01

434

Research on Chinese Character Height Model of Guide Signs Based on 3D Technology and Information Processing Characteristics of Chinese Drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drivers are often not able to recognize the letter in time and sometimes it is a waste of money with too large letters in guide signs. In order to solve this problem, a new Chinese character height model for guide signs has been developed based on 3D technology and the apperceive characteristics of Chinese drivers. The model was built according

Huang Kai; Wang Heng; Tang Jianjuan

2010-01-01

435

Automating customs verification process using RFID technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Customs administrations are beginning to embrace intelligent technologies so as to address the challenge of security, speed and efficiency in trade facilitation. Use of the supply chain by crooks and terrorists has led to employment of intelligent risk management techniques for identification and subsequent verification of cargo. Manual verification processes have however been susceptible to corrupt practices and have often

Joseph K. Siror; Sheng Huanye; Wang Dong

2010-01-01

436

Survey on electron beam processing technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developing situation is studied of electron beam processing technologies and the future problems are shown when these are utilized for electric power utilities. When an electron beam is used as a heating source by focussing, the electron beam has features of high focusability, high controllability and high energy density, so that the electron beam is used for parts requiring

S. Yasui; K. Sunabe; T. Inaba

1990-01-01

437

48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000 Section 311.7000...Accessibility Standards 311.7000 Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS staff that...

2011-10-01

438

FRAME/WORK: Human Issues in Information Technology Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of 'FRAME/WORK, Human Issues in Information Technology'. The FRAME/WORK research investigated the cultural and contextual issues involved in the implementation of information technologies that create new forms of connectiv...

A. W. Batteau

1996-01-01

439

Revisiting informativeness as a process measure for information interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of this paper is to re-introduce and discuss the applicability of the informativeness concept to web-based information seeking and retrieval environments. Informativeness is rare among IR evaluation concepts, in that it focuses on the value of the process of interaction with a set of documents, rather than on the success of the algorithm matching documents to information needs.

Luanne Freund; Elaine G. Toms

440

Internet and information technologies: facts and fiction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information technology advances are spawning visions of radically altered modus operandi for commerce, education, business, information storage and receival. Proponents of virtual technology domination offer a world of instant communications, information sharing, and binary commerce. Some express alarm to the electronic visionaries and see an expected world vacated of human interactions, which is populated by e-hermits. The reality is that access to the Internet is becoming pervasive worldwide and affords a virtual community and markets. Governments, education, markets, businesses and consumers are rushing to exploit and adjust to an electronic, virtual world. The exploitation and adjustment to this an 'ether-world' transcends boundaries is a challenge to stakeholders. Public policy, international agreements, education, businesses and consumers face monumental change in the way they live and conduct their lives. As with most paradigms shifts, pioneers rush forward and launch a myriad of new startups with many failing and some standing the test of time and utility. An example is the early pioneers in North America who headed westward to in search of a new vision of riches. They established towns, developed farms, dug mines and began new businesses. However, many of the pioneers moved from one venture to another. Some of their endeavors ended with ghost towns, abandoned farms and mines, and bankrupt businesses. In the end, however, a great nation was born. This author expects the ether-world to go through similar starts, fits, and adjustments before it emerges as a more stable part of the fabric of society.

McNeil, Ronald D.

2001-10-01

441

Evaluating health information technology's clinical effects.  

PubMed

In 2009 the federal government appropriated $34 billion in stimulus-related funding to promote the "meaningful use" of health information technology among Medicare and Medicaid providers and hospitals. One of the key elements of this technology is the adoption of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems for inpatient drug prescribing. The potential for CPOE to improve prescribing patterns and prevent adverse events is large, and as yet, unrealized. Amidst enthusiasm for the benefits of CPOE, providers and policymakers are becoming aware that CPOE could introduce new errors into the system and cannot simply be assumed to "work." This Issue Brief reports on the experience of one hospital system that used its CPOE to reduce the incidence of a serious drug interaction. This rigorous test of a specific CPOE intervention shows that an electronic alert system can be effective in changing prescribing, but may also have unintended consequences for patient safety. PMID:21365962

Strom, Brian L; Schinnar, Rita

2011-02-01

442

Information Technology Student: Technical & Network Support  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, youâÂÂll learn about the wide range of jobs that are available to someone with a degree in information technology, or IT. Kennedy Symekher is studying technical and networking support in community college. He attends interviews at Microsoft and Boeing, and discovers how his IT skills can be applied in the working world. An IT specialist relies on technical and analytical skills to fix problems and also to create new software for the countless computers that run our world today.The video runs 4:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

443

Information Technology Student: Computer Programming & Support  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, learn how exploring an interest in computers can lead to a new career. After taking, and enjoying, an online course, Hilda Villavicencio decided to study computer programming and information technology (IT) at community college. Students who attend an IT program learn how computers function, so that whether they go into networking, technical support, or any other branch of IT, they bring a solid understanding of computer systems and how to maintain them. Hilda interns at the computer help-desk at her school where she uses what she's learning in the classroom to help others. She explains where she'd like to be in five years, and how her degree will take her there.The video runs 3:12 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

444

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY USAGE BY NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS IN LOUISIANA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the use of information technology by nonprofit organizations in Louisiana. Over half of the respondents reported no organization-owned computers. Word processing software ranked as first in importance for the organizations' work. Accounting software was used by only 44 percent of respondents. Very few organizations used on-line banking or on-line purchasing. Annual dollar receipts were correlated with number

Karen M. Foust; Betty A. Kleen

445

New developments of process technologies for microfabrication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic success of microsystems technology requires cost- effective fabrication in large series as well as a great diversity of materials processing technologies. The different techniques of micro molding meet all these requirements. An important economic factor is the reduction of cycle time by process and tool optimization with simulation techniques. Actually, minimal cycle times are about two minutes in certain cases. Evolution of thermoplastics processing technologies is demonstrated by application of technical or even high- performance polymers like PEEK, PMMA or PSU. For manufacturing of metal microstructures, we develop three possibilities: microstructures like stepped LIGA gear wheels are obtained from galvanization on lost molds, which have been injection molded using conductively filled polymers. Additionally, electroless plating is used to replicate nonconducting plastic microstructures and the metal injection molding (MIM) process is under development. A quite different approach uses polymer precursors containing monomer/polymer mixtures in reaction injection molding. We chose photoinduced polymerization without any preheating step using photopolymerizable resins. Avoiding the time consuming thermal cycle, molding takes place at ambient temperature. Due to the low viscosity, the microcavities should be filled completely. The process is characterized by the integration of a powerful UV-source and a partially glass made molding tool.

Piotter, Volker; Hanemann, Thomas; Ruprecht, Robert; Thies, Andreas; Hausselt, Juergen H.

1997-09-01

446

Techno-Human Mesh: The Growing Power of Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines the intersection of information technologies, power, people, and bodies. It explores how information technologies are on a path of creating efficiency, productivity, profitability, surveillance, and control, and looks at the ways in which human-machine interface technologies, such as wearable computers, biometric technologies,…

West, Cynthia K.

447

Medication errors: prevention using information technology systems  

PubMed Central

Given the high frequency of medication errors with resultant patient harm and cost, their prevention is a worldwide priority for health systems. Systems that use information technology (IT), such as computerized physician order entry, automated dispensing, barcode medication administration, electronic medication reconciliation, and personal health records, are vital components of strategies to prevent medication errors, and a growing body of evidence calls for their widespread implementation. However, important barriers, such as the high costs of such systems, must be addressed through economic incentives and government policies. This paper provides a review of the current state of IT systems in preventing medication errors.

Agrawal, Abha

2009-01-01

448

On the problems of information technology management in developing nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many developing nations treat information technology as a high priority item in their economic planning. The pace of computer introduction and the span of computer-based systems are expanding rapidly. This emanates from the realization that information technology has a great potential for the economic development of third world countries. However, it is our view that while information technology products open

Adnan H. Yahya

1993-01-01

449

Democratic Citizenship and Information Technology: Promises, Challenges, and Remedies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the relationship between democratic citizenship and information technology. Modern information technology disputes the idea that citizens can be properly educated to assume the burdens necessary to reap the blessing of freedom. Information technologies challenge the ability of citizens to fulfill the fundamental requirement of…

White, Charles S.

450

Coping and psychological adjustment among information technology personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Practitioners who work with information technology (IT) are reported to be experiencing rising levels of work-related stress. The origins of the stress coming from increasing demands from system users, advances in technology, and the growing use of information and communication technologies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of intra- and inter-organizational business activities. In the field of information

Peter E. D. Love; Zahir Irani

2007-01-01

451

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

452

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

453

The effect of information technology on productivity in retailing  

Microsoft Academic Search

As labor costs rise faster than both inflation and sales, retailers are attempting to increase productivity by substituting information technology for labor. However, there exist disagreements over the potential benefits of adopting this strategy. The purpose of this study is to examine whether information technology contributes to the productivity of retail institutions. The results indicate that information technology is a

Barbara Coe

1996-01-01

454

Improving Modern Cancer Care Through Information Technology  

PubMed Central

The cancer care system is increasingly complex, marked by multiple hand-offs between primary care and specialty providers, inadequate communication among providers, and lack of clarity about a “medical home” (the ideal accountable care provider) for cancer patients. Patients and families often cite such difficulties as information deficits, uncoordinated care, and insufficient psychosocial support. This article presents a review of the challenges of delivering well coordinated, patient-centered cancer care in a complex modern healthcare system. An examination is made of the potential role of information technology (IT) advances to help both providers and patients. Using the published literature as background, a review is provided of selected work that is underway to improve communication, coordination, and quality of care. Also discussed are additional challenges and opportunities to advancing understanding of how patient data, provider and patient involvement, and informatics innovations can support high-quality cancer care.

Clauser, Steven B.; Wagner, Edward H.; Bowles, Erin J. Aiello; Tuzzio, Leah; Greene, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

455

Mathematics of Information Processing and the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The mathematics of information processing and the Internet can be organized around four fundamental themes: (1) access (finding information easily); (2) security (keeping information confidential); (3) accuracy (ensuring accurate information); and (4) efficiency (data compression). In this article, the author discusses each theme with reference…

Hart, Eric W.

2010-01-01

456

The General Information Processing System (Gipsy).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper describes the General Information Processing System, a computer program designed to serve a variety of information processing applications. An input deck to the program is composed of a data base and a description of the processing tasks to be p...

J. D. Cooper

1969-01-01

457

Scaling the Information Processing Demands of Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to provide additional validity evidence for a model of person-environment fit based on polychronicity, stimulus load, and information processing capacities. In this line of research the confluence of polychronicity and information processing (e.g., the ability of individuals to process stimuli from the environment…

Haase, Richard F.; Jome, LaRae M.; Ferreira, Joaquim Armando; Santos, Eduardo J. R.; Connacher, Christopher C.; Sendrowitz, Kerrin

2011-01-01

458

Neurophysiological Factors in Human Information Processing Capacity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What determines how well an individual can manage the complexity of information processing demands when several tasks have to be executed simultaneously? Various theoretical frameworks address the mechanisms of information processing and the changes that take place when processes become automated, and brain regions involved in various types of…

Ramsey, Nick F.; Jansma, J. M.; Jager, G.; Van Raalten, T.; Kahn, R. S.

2004-01-01

459

Bio-Inspired Adaptive Integrated Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biological brains are dramatically more effective in dealing with real-world adaptive information processes and decisions than most advanced computers. Advanced computers can utilize the discipline of classical signal processing whereby providing theoretical mathematical and statistical approaches for information processing, and with the vision of bio-inspired adaptive processing are evolving into neuromorphic integrated sensory processing systems. Numerous MISO (multi-input, single output)

Hoda S. Abdel-Aty-Zohdy

2008-01-01

460

Neonatal Informatics: Information Technology to Support Handoffs in Neonatal Care.  

PubMed

Communication failures during physician handoffs represent a significant source of preventable adverse events. Computerized sign-out tools linked to hospital electronic medical record systems and customized for neonatal care can facilitate standardization of the handoff process and access to clinical information, thereby improving communication and reducing adverse events. It is important to note, however, that adoption of technological tools alone is not sufficient to remedy flawed communication processes. OBJECTIVES: After completing this article, readers should be able to: Identify key elements of a computerized sign-out tool.Describe how an electronic tool might be customized for neonatal care.Appreciate that technological tools are only one component of the handoff process they are designed to facilitate. PMID:22199463

Palma, Jonathan P; Van Eaton, Erik G; Longhurst, Christopher A

2011-01-01

461

Neonatal Informatics: Information Technology to Support Handoffs in Neonatal Care  

PubMed Central

Communication failures during physician handoffs represent a significant source of preventable adverse events. Computerized sign-out tools linked to hospital electronic medical record systems and customized for neonatal care can facilitate standardization of the handoff process and access to clinical information, thereby improving communication and reducing adverse events. It is important to note, however, that adoption of technological tools alone is not sufficient to remedy flawed communication processes. Objectives After completing this article, readers should be able to: Identify key elements of a computerized sign-out tool.Describe how an electronic tool might be customized for neonatal care.Appreciate that technological tools are only one component of the handoff process they are designed to facilitate.

Palma, Jonathan P.; Van Eaton, Erik G.; Longhurst, Christopher A.

2011-01-01

462

Advancements in MEMS materials and processing technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From achievements in display imaging to air bag deployment, microelectromechanical systems are becoming more commonplace in everyday life. With an abundance of opportunities for innovative R&D in the field, the research trends are not only directed toward novel sensor and actuator development, but also toward further miniaturization, specifically achieving micro- and nanoscaled integrated systems. R&D efforts in space, military, and commercial applications are directing specific research programs focused on the area of materials science as an enabling technology to be exploited by researchers and to further push the envelope of micrometerscaled device technology. These endeavors are making significant progress in bringing this aspect of the microelectro-mechanical field to maturation through advances in materials and processing technologies.

Olivas, John D.; Bolin, Stephen

1998-01-01

463

Innovation Value of Information Technology: Impact of Information Technology--Intensity on Innovation Capability and Firm Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Though information technology adoptions have been always referred to as innovations in firms, much of the business value literature has concentrated on the tangible and immediately measurable impacts of information technology (IT) adoptions. This study aims to explore the impact of information technology investments on the innovativeness of a…

Ramamani, Mahesh Kumar

2010-01-01

464

Image processing technology for enhanced situational awareness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the integration of a number of advanced image and data processing technologies in support of the development of next-generation Situational Awareness systems for counter-terrorism and crime fighting applications. In particular, the paper discusses the European Union Framework 7 'SAMURAI' project, which is investigating novel approaches to interactive Situational Awareness using cooperative networks of heterogeneous imaging sensors. Specific focus is given to novel Data Fusion aspects of the research which aim to improve system performance through intelligently fusing both image data and non image data sources, resolving human-machine conflicts, and refining the Situational Awareness picture. In addition, the paper highlights some recent advances in supporting image processing technologies. Finally, future trends in image-based Situational Awareness are identified, such as Post-Event Analysis (also known as 'Back-Tracking'), and the associated technical challenges are discussed.

Page, S. F.; Smith, M. I.; Hickman, D.

2009-09-01

465

Information Technology and the Curriculum: A Status Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information technology infuses all aspects of modern life, and the growth of digital information continues at an unprecedented rate. Widely influential documents, such as the National Research Council's "Being Fluent with Information Technology" and the American Library Association's "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher…

Perry, Claudia A.

2004-01-01

466

Information technology and underdevelopment in the Third World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is taking centre stage as the world approaches the twenty-first century. The enormous advantages it has in easing the delivery of information around the world, as well as the central role of information in the new global economy, means that information technology will shape the dynamics of the new millennium. However, for most Third World countries, faced with

Samuel W. Jimba

1999-01-01

467

Individual and structural influences on information technology helping relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Getting help in understanding how to use and interpret a new information system is a crucial organizational and individual resource. Indeed, both informal and formal sources of information technology help are expensive and necessary, but largely unidentified, unmanaged, and underresearched. This study proposes that two types of factors influence the formation of information technology helping relationships: individual and structural. Based

Ronald E. Rice

1999-01-01

468

Information technology for dynamic microsensor networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dynamic microsensor networks offer methods of supplying critical data and information to C4ISR and other critical intelligence-gathering needs. Microsensor networks are dynamic in terms of their internal operation as well as in their ability to operate in changing external circumstances. Key elements of dynamic microsensor networks include diffusion routing, collaborative and corroborative signal processing, high level querying of distributed databases, and tasking of sensors.

Shepherd, David; Kumar, Srikanta P.

2003-07-01

469

Natural language processing-based COTS software and related technologies survey.  

SciTech Connect

Natural language processing-based knowledge management software, traditionally developed for security organizations, is now becoming commercially available. An informal survey was conducted to discover and examine current NLP and related technologies and potential applications for information retrieval, information extraction, summarization, categorization, terminology management, link analysis, and visualization for possible implementation at Sandia National Laboratories. This report documents our current understanding of the technologies, lists software vendors and their products, and identifies potential applications of these technologies.

Stickland, Michael G.; Conrad, Gregory N.; Eaton, Shelley M.

2003-09-01

470

[The scientific videotape with digital processing in surgery. The new opportunities offered surgery for videotape recording and postprocessing with the use of information and digital technologies].  

PubMed

The facility of the tape recording of a surgical operation, by means of simple manageable apparatuses and at low costs, especially in comparison with the former cinematography, makes it possible for all surgeons to record their own operative activity. Therefore at present the demonstration in video of surgical interventions is very common, but very often the video-tapes show surgical events only in straight chronological succession, as for facts of chronicle news. The simplification of the otherwise sophisticated digital technology of informatics elaboration of images makes more convenient and advisable to assemble the more meaningful sequences for a final product of higher scientific value. The digital technology gives at the best its contribution during the phase of post-production of the video-tape, where the surgeon himself can assemble an end product of more value because aimed to a scientific and rational communication. Thanks to such an elaboration the video-tape can aim not simply to become a good documentary, but also to achieve an educational purpose or becomes a truly scientific film. The initial video will be recorded following a specific project, the script, foreseeing and programming what has to be demonstrated of the surgical operation, establishing therefore in advance the most important steps of the intervention. The sequences recorded will then be assembled not necessarily in a chronological succession but integrating the moving images with static pictures, as drawings, schemes, tables, aside the picture-in picture technique, and besides the vocal descriptive comment. The cinema language has accustomed us to a series of passages among the different sequences as fading, cross-over, "flash-back", aiming to stimulate the psychological associative powers and encourage those critical. The video-tape can be opportunely shortened, paying attention to show only the essential phases of the operation for demonstrate only the core of the problem and utilize at the best the physiological period of active attention of the observer. The informatic digital elaboration has become so easy that the surgeon himself can be able to elaborate personally on his personal computer, with professional and scientific attitude, the sequences of his surgical activity in a product of more general value. His personal engagement also in the phase of post-production gives him the possibility to demonstrate uprightly with images the complex surgical experience of science, skill and ability to communicate, perhaps better than he is able to do with words. PMID:10573611

Picardi, N

471

USAFA Cadet Homepage: Institute for Information Technology Applications (IITA).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The USAFA Cadet Homepage is the result of an Institute for Information Technology Application (IITA) research effort to develop a single, consolidated access point for cadet information. This information includes individual course schedules, status of cur...

S. M. Hadfield

2005-01-01

472

Audiovisual speech gating: examining information and information processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the perceptual processing of facial information and vocal information to test the nature of the multisensory integration process. Single-syllable words were presented in background noise at one of eight stimulus durations ranging from 45 to 80% of the total word duration. Performance was evaluated relative to a fuzzy logical model of perception (FLMP) and an additive model (ADD).

Steven K. de la Vaux; Dominic W. Massaro

2004-01-01

473

Technological frames: making sense of information technology in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we build on and extend research into the cognitions and values of users and designers by proposing a systematic approach for examining the underlying assumptions, expectations, and knowledge that people have about technology. Such interpretations of technology (which we call technological frames) are central to understanding technological development, use, and change in organizations. We suggest that where

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Debra C. Gash

1994-01-01

474

Teaching introductory information technology through English in China: Innovative approaches to information technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United International College (UIC) is a new Liberal Arts college in Southern China, whose goals include creating an innovative international education model for China that can contribute to the welfare of the nation and the world. All non-Computer Science major students in UIC are required to take an introductory Information technology (IT) course. This paper identifies some of the

Haifei Huang; Dave Towey

2010-01-01

475

Information technology in secondary schools and its impact on training information technology teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are concerns about the teaching and learning of information technology (IT) in English state secondary schools (ages 11-18 years), and the way IT resources and the curriculum are organised. These circumstances affect students who are training to be IT teachers when they are on teaching placement in secondary schools. They may find that the curriculum model used in one

Roger Crawford

2000-01-01

476

Effects of Alcohol on Human Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although the three invesigations supported by this contract are independent studies, each examined the effects of alcohol on cognitive processes associated with information processing or memory. The principal aim of the first project was to analyze the ef...

H. L. Williams B. K. Lester O. H. Rundell

1976-01-01

477

Global Technology Revolution. Bio/Nano/Materials Trends and Their Synergies with Information Technology by 2015.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NIC believed that various technologies (including information technology, biotechnology, nanotechnology (broadly defined), and materials technology) have the potential for significant and dominant global effects by 2015. The input presented in this re...

P. S. Anton R. Silberglitt J. Schneider

2004-01-01

478

Technology and informal education: what is taught, what is learned.  

PubMed

The informal learning environments of television, video games, and the Internet are producing learners with a new profile of cognitive skills. This profile features widespread and sophisticated development of visual-spatial skills, such as iconic representation and spatial visualization. A pressing social problem is the prevalence of violent video games, leading to desensitization, aggressive behavior, and gender inequity in opportunities to develop visual-spatial skills. Formal education must adapt to these changes, taking advantage of new strengths in visual-spatial intelligence and compensating for new weaknesses in higher-order cognitive processes: abstract vocabulary, mindfulness, reflection, inductive problem solving, critical thinking, and imagination. These develop through the use of an older technology, reading, which, along with audio media such as radio, also stimulates imagination. Informal education therefore requires a balanced media diet using each technology's specific strengths in order to develop a complete profile of cognitive skills. PMID:19119220

Greenfield, Patricia M

2009-01-01

479

Assessing the Impact of Instructional Methods and Information Technology on Student Learning Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an era of increased accountability in assessing student learning outcomes, greater emphasis has been focused on factors that influence student learning. In this paper we examine the impact of instructional methods and information technology on student learning styles, all critical factors affecting student learning. A research framework that suggests the relationship of instructional processes and information technology to learning

Poonam Kumar; Anil Kumar; Karl Smart

480

The Impact of New Information Technology on Young Children's Symbol-Weaving Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores children's systems of combining drawing, talk, and writing (i.e., symbol-weaving) with traditional media and with new information technology. Social aspects of writing are discussed, and new information technology is examined, including clip art software, word processing, graphics, color, hypermedia, CD-ROM, and microworlds. (23…

Blackstock, Julia; Miller, Larry

1992-01-01

481

Leverage2: interfunctional co-ordination between logistics and information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a conceptual framework and a set of research hypotheses that are intended to help explain the interfunctional co-ordination between the logistics and information technology functions. Much has been written over the past decade regarding the strategic potential of the logistics and information technology functions for creating customer value, process efficiencies, and differential advantage for the firm. Additionally, the interrelationships

John L. Kent

1996-01-01

482

Information technology as an infrastructure for patient safety: nursing research needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the process utilized to create research questions which promote technology as an infrastructure to enable safe nursing practice. Beginning with scenarios of safety problems related to nursing practice, the team identified information technology including hardware, software, and organizational and operational components to help improve the safety aspects addressed in the scenarios. Further discussed are characteristics of technology

Susan K. Newbold; Gilad J. Kuperman; Suzanne Bakken; Patricia Flatley Brennan; Eneida A. Mendonça; Hyeoun-ae Park; Aleksandar Radenovic

2004-01-01

483

Technological iatrogenesis: the manifestation of inadequate organizational planning and the integration of health information technology.  

PubMed

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) views Health Information Technology (HIT) as an essential organizational prerequisite for the delivery of safe, reliable, and cost-effective health services. However, HIT presents the proverbial double-edged sword in generating solutions to improve system performance while facilitating the genesis of novel iatrogenic problems. Incongruent organizational processes give rise to technological iatrogenesis or the unintended consequences to system integrity and the resulting organizational outcomes potentiated by incongruent organizational-technological interfaces. HIT is a disruptive innovation for health services organizations but remains an overlooked organizational development (OD) concern. Recognizing the technology-organizational misalignments that result from HIT adoption is important for leaders seeking to eliminate sources of system instability. The Health Information Technology Iatrogenesis Model (HITIM) provides leaders with a conceptual framework from which to consider HIT as an instrument for organizational development. Complexity and Diffusion of Innovation theories support the framework that suggests each HIT adoption functions as a technological change agent. As such, leaders need to provide operational oversight to managers undertaking system change via HIT implementation. Traditional risk management tools, such as Failure Mode Effect Analysis and Root Cause Analysis, provide proactive pre- and post-implementation appraisals to verify system stability and to enhance system reliability. Reconsidering the use of these tools within the context of a new framework offers leaders guidance when adopting HIT to achieve performance improvement and better outcomes. PMID:21887951

Palmieri, Patrick Albert; Peterson, Lori T; Corazzo, Luciano Bedoya

2011-01-01

484

Implementing Information Assurance - Beyond Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information Assurance (IA) has been around for decades and has finally obtained the attention it deserves. Ten years ago, the term 'IA' was known only by small groups of security experts often labeled as 'paranoid' or 'rigid'. Today, IA is well-known by m...

J. Newkirk M. Piatek

2009-01-01

485

The relationship between information technology use and buyer-supplier relationships: an exploratory analysis of the buying firm's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

No doubt exists that information technology is emerging as a key resource in the purchasing process. Concurrently, buyer-supplier relationships are changing. The purpose of this research is to determine if there is a relationship between the use of information technology and buyer-supplier relationships. A brief review of the literature on the use of information technology in purchasing is provided. Next,

Amelia S. Carr; Larry R. Smeltzer

2002-01-01

486

Advanced microlithography process with chemical shrink technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO) has developed an advanced microlithographic process for producing 0.1 micrometer contact holes (CH). A chemical shrink technology, RELACSTM (Resolution Enhancement Lithography Assisted by Chemical Shrink), utilizes the crosslinking reaction catalyzed by the acid component existing in a predefined resist pattern. This 'RELACSTM' process is a hole shrinking procedure that includes simple coating, baking, and rinse steps applied after conventional photolithography. This paper examines the process parameters affecting shrinkage of CH size. We subsequently evaluated the dependency of CH shrinkage on resist formulation. We conducted investigations of shrink magnitude dependency on each process parameter. (1) Photoresist lithography process: CH size, exposure dose, post development bake temperature. (2) AZR R200 [a product of Clariant (Japan) K.K.] RELACSTM process: Soft bake temperature, film thickness, mixing bake temperature (diffusion bake temperature), etc. We found that the mixing bake condition (diffusion bake temperature) is one of most critical parameters to affect the amount of CH shrink. Additionally, the structural influence of photoacid generators on shrinkage performance was also investigated in both high and low activation energy resist systems. The shrinkage behavior by the photoacid generator of the resist is considered in terms of the structure (molecular volume) of the photogenerated acid and its acidity (pKa). The results of these studies are discussed in terms of base polymer influence on shrinkage performance and tendency. Process impact of the structure and acidity of the photogenerated acid is explored. Though the experimental acetal type KrF positive resist (low activation energy system) can achieve around 0.1 micrometer CH after RELACSTM processing under the optimized condition, the experimental acrylate type positive resist (high activation energy system) showed less shrinkage under the same process condition. The shrinkage performance of RELACSTM process largely depends on the resist chemistry used as the underlying layer. Further, shrinkage degree can be controlled by process optimization even for the high activation energy type photoresist.

Kanda, Takashi; Tanaka, Hatsuyuki; Kinoshita, Yoshiaki; Watase, Natsuo; Eakin, Ronald J.; Ishibashi, Takeo; Toyoshima, Toshiyuki; Yasuda, Naoki; Tanaka, Mikihiro

2000-06-01

487

42 CFR 495.332 - State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements...accordance with the Medicaid Information Technology Architecture (MITA)...

2010-10-01

488

14 CFR 1274.937 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. 1274.937 Section...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources July 2002 (a)...

2013-01-01

489

76 FR 76640 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology, which apply to federal...Section 508) Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility...

2011-12-08

490

75 FR 57079 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-17

491

77 FR 43106 - Tribal Consultation Sessions-Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure Consolidation...tribal input on the 2012 Information Technology transformation realignment proposal as well as on how Information Technology transformation should...

2012-07-23

492

77 FR 38092 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...purpose of soliciting from the information technology community and other...

2012-06-26

493

76 FR 77738 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...Guidelines and its Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology covered by Section 508...

2011-12-14

494

75 FR 77753 - Pilot Program for the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel AGENCY: Department...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology (IT) Personnel. This...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel,'' to...

2010-12-14

495

77 FR 6825 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2012-02-09

496

77 FR 67028 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...meeting will include: Information Technology--The Effects on and...

2012-11-08

497

76 FR 18800 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-04-05

498

75 FR 57521 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-21

499

75 FR 55616 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-13

500

77 FR 749 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...and orders that include information technology (IT) supplies, services...January 6, 2012 that include information technology (IT) supplies,...

2012-01-06