Sample records for information processing technology

  1. Information technology standards process guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    This document presents a logical and realistic approach to implementation of the Information Technology Standards Program throughout the Department and its management and operating contractors, as described in Department of Energy 1360.3C, Information Technology Standards, dated October 19, 1992. To take better advantage of commercial advances and investments in information technology resources, it is paramount that the Department of Energy move as rapidly as programmatically feasible to an open systems environment. The process revolves around the selection of interface standards in areas such as multi-system and multi-processor interconnects, operating and database management systems, graphics, and security. This new approach will result in reduced production, operation, and maintenance costs, and more effective system integration. The Information Technology Standards Process Guide provides a model that may be tailored to Department of Energy sites. It also assists sites in understanding the Information Technology Standards Program. It is not an architectural description to be used in implementing a corporate information systems environment.

  2. Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process

    E-print Network

    Liu, Paul

    Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process June 2012 Marc Hoit, Ph.D. Vice Chancellor for Information Technology North Carolina State University #12;Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process June 2012 Page 2 Office of Information Technology Strategic Planning Process

  3. Information processing technology for emergency management

    SciTech Connect

    Kahn, R.E.

    1985-01-01

    Several information processing technologies which are capable of augmenting human performance in handling a range of emergency situations are featured in this discussion. Among the more sophisticated systems which have proven useful in enhancing information collection, transmission, and selective processing are packet radio networks, expert planning systems, multiple-satellite technology, and such related emerging developments as internetting and machine intelligence. 4 references.

  4. Comparison of Information Processing Technologies

    PubMed Central

    Piniewski-Bond, Joanne F.; Buck, Germaine M.; Horowitz, Roberta S.; Schuster, John H.R.; Weed, Douglas L.; Weiner, John M.

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To examine the type of information obtainable from scientific papers, using three different methods for the extraction, organization, and preparation of literature reviews. Design: A set of three review papers was identified, and the ideas represented by the authors of those papers were extracted. The 161 articles referenced in those three reviews were then analyzed using 1) a formalized data extraction approach, which uses a protocol-driven manual process to extract the variables, values, and statistical significance of the stated relationships; and 2) a computerized approach known as “Idea Analysis,” which uses the abstracts of the original articles and processes them through a computer software program that reads the abstracts and organizes the ideas presented by the authors. The results were then compared. The literature focused on the human papillomavirus and its relationship to cervical cancer. Results: Idea Analysis was able to identify 68.9 percent of the ideas considered by the authors of the three review papers to be of importance in describing the association between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer. The formalized data extraction identified 27 percent of the authors' ideas. The combination of the two approaches identified 74.3 percent of the ideas considered important in the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer, as reported by the authors of the three review articles. Conclusion: This research demonstrated that both a technically derived and a computer derived collection, categorization, and summarization of original articles and abstracts could provide a reliable, valid, and reproducible source of ideas duplicating, to a major degree, the ideas presented by subject specialists in review articles. As such, these tools may be useful to experts preparing literature reviews by eliminating many of the clerical-mechanical features associated with present-day scientific text processing. PMID:11230385

  5. UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services (ITS), 10/31/2013

    E-print Network

    Saidak, Filip

    UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services Technology Services & Chief Information Officer reports to the Chancellor, & all. · University Policy-making and Major Campus-wide Technology Decisions · IT Governance

  6. Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Persinger, Jon F.

    2010-01-01

    This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to collect data…

  7. Information Technology in the Education Process at the Royal Institute of Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Peter; Karlsson, Goran

    1987-01-01

    Described are the developments of a computing environment, the general training in the use of information technology, the training of specialists in computer science and engineering, and the use of information technology as an aid in the education process at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. (RH)

  8. Spatial Information Processing: Standards-Based Open Source Visualization Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hogan, P.

    2009-12-01

    . Spatial information intelligence is a global issue that will increasingly affect our ability to survive as a species. Collectively we must better appreciate the complex relationships that make life on Earth possible. Providing spatial information in its native context can accelerate our ability to process that information. To maximize this ability to process information, three basic elements are required: data delivery (server technology), data access (client technology), and data processing (information intelligence). NASA World Wind provides open source client and server technologies based on open standards. The possibilities for data processing and data sharing are enhanced by this inclusive infrastructure for geographic information. It is interesting that this open source and open standards approach, unfettered by proprietary constraints, simultaneously provides for entirely proprietary use of this same technology. 1. WHY WORLD WIND? NASA World Wind began as a single program with specific functionality, to deliver NASA content. But as the possibilities for virtual globe technology became more apparent, we found that while enabling a new class of information technology, we were also getting in the way. Researchers, developers and even users expressed their desire for World Wind functionality in ways that would service their specific needs. They want it in their web pages. They want to add their own features. They want to manage their own data. They told us that only with this kind of flexibility, could their objectives and the potential for this technology be truly realized. World Wind client technology is a set of development tools, a software development kit (SDK) that allows a software engineer to create applications requiring geographic visualization technology. 2. MODULAR COMPONENTRY Accelerated evolution of a technology requires that the essential elements of that technology be modular components such that each can advance independent of the other elements. World Wind therefore changed its mission from providing a single information browser to enabling a whole class of 3D geographic applications. Instead of creating a single program, World Wind is a suite of components that can be selectively used in any number of programs. World Wind technology can be a part of any application, or it can be a window in a web page. Or it can be extended with additional functionalities by application and web developers. World Wind makes it possible to include virtual globe visualization and server technology in support of any objective. The world community can continually benefit from advances made in the technology by NASA in concert with the world community. 3. OPEN SOURCE AND OPEN STANDARDS NASA World Wind is NASA Open Source software. This means that the source code is fully accessible for anyone to freely use, even in association with proprietary technology. Imagery and other data provided by the World Wind servers reside in the public domain, including the data server technology itself. This allows others to deliver their own geospatial data and to provide custom solutions based on users specific needs.

  9. Information technology for forecasting geological processes and phenomena

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Gitis; E. Jurkov; B. Osher; S. Pirogov; A. Vainchtok

    1997-01-01

    The information technology and instrumental environment GEO are described. The technology implemented in GEO integrates the geographic information technology with case-based and knowledge-based system technologies. The applications to seismic hazard assessment for the region of the Lesser Caucasus and the Eastern part of the Great Caucasus are discussed.

  10. Information Technology Process Improvement Decision-Making: An Exploratory Study from the Perspective of Process Owners and Process Managers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamp, Sandra A.

    2012-01-01

    There is information available in the literature that discusses information technology (IT) governance and investment decision making from an executive-level perception, yet there is little information available that offers the perspective of process owners and process managers pertaining to their role in IT process improvement and investment…

  11. Spatial Information Processing: Standards-Based Open Source Visualization Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Hogan

    2009-01-01

    . Spatial information intelligence is a global issue that will increasingly affect our ability to survive as a species. Collectively we must better appreciate the complex relationships that make life on Earth possible. Providing spatial information in its native context can accelerate our ability to process that information. To maximize this ability to process information, three basic elements are required:

  12. ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS: Perception of the Faculty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad SAFDAR

    Information technologies have affected every aspect of human activity and have a potential role to play in the field of education and training, specially, in distance education to transform it into an innovative form of experience. The need of new technologies in teaching learning process grows stronger and faster. The information age becomes an era of knowledge providing sound and

  13. Assessing Factors Affecting Implementation of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Measurements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Kristy

    2010-01-01

    The capability of organizations to operate on the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework is reliant on ITIL process measurements. Appropriate ITIL process measurements help ensure desired outcomes, enable corrective actions to take place prior to process failure, and direct process activities towards continuous improvement.…

  14. Inter-organizational Workflow for Intelligent Audit of Information Technologies in terms of Entreprise Business Processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meriyem Chergui; Hicham Medromi; Adil Sayouti

    2014-01-01

    IT governance is critical to the success of Enterprise governance by providing effective, efficient and measurable improvements in business processes by ensuring that information technologies are in line with business objectives. Consequently, this paper provides an intelligent solution to audit Information System Business processes using the IT Governance Framework COBIT. The particularity of this solution is the use of Inter-organization

  15. How gamma radiation processing systems are benefiting from the latest advances in information technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wayne H Gibson; Daniel Levesque

    2000-01-01

    This paper discusses how gamma irradiation plants are putting the latest advances in computer and information technology to use for better process control, cost savings, and strategic advantages.Some irradiator operations are gaining significant benefits by integrating computer technology and robotics with real-time information processing, multi-user databases, and communication networks. The paper reports on several irradiation facilities that are making good

  16. Aeronautical Satellite-Assisted Process for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT) Conducted

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zernic, Michael J.

    2002-01-01

    Broadband satellite communications for aeronautics marries communication and network technologies to address NASA's goals in information technology base research and development, thereby serving the safety and capacity needs of the National Airspace System. This marriage of technology increases the interactivity between airborne vehicles and ground systems. It improves decision-making and efficiency, reduces operation costs, and improves the safety and capacity of the National Airspace System. To this end, a collaborative project called the Aeronautical Satellite Assisted Process for Information Exchange through Network Technologies, or Aero-SAPIENT, was conducted out of Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, during November and December 2000.

  17. The quest for the next information processing technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey J. Welser; George I. Bourianoff; Victor V. Zhirnov; Ralph Keary Cavin

    2008-01-01

    Fundamental physical considerations indicate that the scaling of devices that use electron charge as the information carrier\\u000a will limit within the next one to two decades. The Nanoelectronics Research Initiative (NRI), a joint industry-government\\u000a program, has been developed to fund university research seeking devices that utilize alternative physical information carriers\\u000a or non-equilibrium switching mechanisms to continue the historical cost and

  18. Assessing the Suitability of Process and Information Technology in Supporting Tacit Knowledge Transfer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Chien-Hsing; Kao, Shu-Chen; Shih, Lan-Hsin

    2010-01-01

    The transfer of tacit knowledge, one of the most important issues in the knowledge sharing context, needs a multi-dimensional perception in its process. Information technology's (IT) supporting role has already been addressed in the process of tacit knowledge transfer. However, IT has its own characteristics, and in turn, may have dissimilar…

  19. Teaching and Learning Information Technology Process: From a 25 Year Perspective--Math Regents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis Sanchez, Louise

    2007-01-01

    This paper will describe the Teaching and Learning Informational Technology Process (TLITP). Before present day strategies, teaching and learning relied on transformations based on quantification to measure performance. The process will be a non-linear three construct of teacher, student and community. Emphasizing old practices now is the…

  20. Process Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This video segment, adapted from ATETV, looks at the Process Technology program at the College of the Mainland and what students will learn in order to succeed in industry. The video explains how the community college accommodates the busy lives of adult non-traditional students while still giving them a well-rounded liberal arts education to make them more marketable to employers. Additionally, the segment explores the various career options for students in process technology programs. Educators will also find a background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment for the material. Running time for the video is 3:37.

  1. Conceptual Framework for the Mapping of Management Process with Information Technology in a Business Process

    PubMed Central

    Chellappa, Swarnalatha; Nagarajan, Asha

    2015-01-01

    This study on component framework reveals the importance of management process and technology mapping in a business environment. We defined ERP as a software tool, which has to provide business solution but not necessarily an integration of all the departments. Any business process can be classified as management process, operational process and the supportive process. We have gone through entire management process and were enable to bring influencing components to be mapped with a technology for a business solution. Governance, strategic management, and decision making are thoroughly discussed and the need of mapping these components with the ERP is clearly explained. Also we suggest that implementation of this framework might reduce the ERP failures and especially the ERP misfit was completely rectified. PMID:25861688

  2. Conceptual framework for the mapping of management process with information technology in a business process.

    PubMed

    Rajarathinam, Vetrickarthick; Chellappa, Swarnalatha; Nagarajan, Asha

    2015-01-01

    This study on component framework reveals the importance of management process and technology mapping in a business environment. We defined ERP as a software tool, which has to provide business solution but not necessarily an integration of all the departments. Any business process can be classified as management process, operational process and the supportive process. We have gone through entire management process and were enable to bring influencing components to be mapped with a technology for a business solution. Governance, strategic management, and decision making are thoroughly discussed and the need of mapping these components with the ERP is clearly explained. Also we suggest that implementation of this framework might reduce the ERP failures and especially the ERP misfit was completely rectified. PMID:25861688

  3. Information-Processing Architectures in Multidimensional Classification: A Validation Test of the Systems Factorial Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fific, Mario; Nosofsky, Robert M.; Townsend, James T.

    2008-01-01

    A growing methodology, known as the systems factorial technology (SFT), is being developed to diagnose the types of information-processing architectures (serial, parallel, or coactive) and stopping rules (exhaustive or self-terminating) that operate in tasks of multidimensional perception. Whereas most previous applications of SFT have been in…

  4. A Fifteen-Year Forecast of Information-Processing Technology. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernstein, George B.

    This study developed a variation of the DELPHI approach, a polling technique for systematically soliciting opinions from experts, to produce a technological forecast of developments in the information-processing industry. SEER (System for Event Evaluation and Review) combines the more desirable elements of existing techniques: (1) intuitive…

  5. Quantum Information Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Spiller, Timothy.

    2002-01-01

    From the research laboratories of Hewlett Packard, Quantum Information Technology provides an informative look at current work in quantum information processing and communication (QIPC). The report, published in November 2002, recognizes the potential applications of QIPC and how it could revolutionize conventional information technology. It cites cryptography, quantum computers, and quantum teleportation as motivational factors for development of this technology, offering a basic introduction to each discipline. The paper concludes with an analysis of the direction current research is taking and what the future may hold. Several links to further sources of information are also included.

  6. Systems Factorial Technology provides new insights on global–local information processing in autism spectrum disorders

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, Shannon A.; Blaha, Leslie M.; Houpt, Joseph W.; Townsend, James T.

    2010-01-01

    Previous studies of global–local processing in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have indicated mixed findings, with some evidence of a local processing bias, or preference for detail-level information, and other results suggesting typical global advantage, or preference for the whole or gestalt. Findings resulting from this paradigm have been used to argue for or against a detail focused processing bias in ASDs, and thus have important theoretical implications. We applied Systems Factorial Technology, and the associated Double Factorial Paradigm (both defined in the text), to examine information processing characteristics during a divided attention global–local task in high-functioning individuals with an ASD and typically developing controls. Group data revealed global advantage for both groups, contrary to some current theories of ASDs. Information processing models applied to each participant revealed that task performance, although showing no differences at the group level, was supported by different cognitive mechanisms in ASD participants compared to controls. All control participants demonstrated inhibitory parallel processing and the majority demonstrated a minimum-time stopping rule. In contrast, ASD participants showed exhaustive parallel processing with mild facilitatory interactions between global and local information. Thus our results indicate fundamental differences in the stopping rules and channel dependencies in individuals with an ASD. PMID:23750050

  7. How gamma radiation processing systems are benefiting from the latest advances in information technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibson, Wayne H.; Levesque, Daniel

    2000-03-01

    This paper discusses how gamma irradiation plants are putting the latest advances in computer and information technology to use for better process control, cost savings, and strategic advantages. Some irradiator operations are gaining significant benefits by integrating computer technology and robotics with real-time information processing, multi-user databases, and communication networks. The paper reports on several irradiation facilities that are making good use of client/server LANs, user-friendly graphics interfaces, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, distributed I/O with real-time sensor devices, trending analysis, real-time product tracking, dynamic product scheduling, and automated dosimetry reading. These plants are lowering costs by fast and reliable reconciliation of dosimetry data, easier validation to GMP requirements, optimizing production flow, and faster release of sterilized products to market. There is a trend in the manufacturing sector towards total automation using "predictive process control". Real-time verification of process parameters "on-the-run" allows control parameters to be adjusted appropriately, before the process strays out of limits. Applying this technology to the gamma radiation process, control will be based on monitoring the key parameters such as time, and making adjustments during the process to optimize quality and throughput. Dosimetry results will be used as a quality control measurement rather than as a final monitor for the release of the product. Results are correlated with the irradiation process data to quickly and confidently reconcile variations. Ultimately, a parametric process control system utilizing responsive control, feedback and verification will not only increase productivity and process efficiency, but can also result in operating within tighter dose control set points.

  8. Information technology for adjustment of dynamic processes in aircraft gas turbine engines during the acceptance tests

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. A. Akhmedzyanov; A. E. Kishalov

    2007-01-01

    The aids of simulation that are used to automate the adjustment of aircraft GTE control systems are described. A technique\\u000a of the information technology for adjustment of a control system by turning on the afterburner and results of its practical\\u000a application during the acceptance tests in series production are presented. Also given is a model for the process of afterburner

  9. College of Information Technology 151 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Xie,Jiang (Linda)

    industry to develop information technology solutions. Computer Science Program. The Computer ScienceCollege of Information Technology 151 COLLEGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Dean: Mirsad Hadzikadic of North Carolina at Charlotte's College of Information Technology (IT) is part of a dynamic and exciting

  10. Integrating semantic web technologies and geospatial catalog services for geospatial information discovery and processing in cyberinfrastructure

    SciTech Connect

    Yue, Peng [Wuhan University; Gong, Jianya [Wuhan University; Di, Liping [George Mason University; He, Lianlian [Hubei University; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL

    2011-04-01

    Abstract A geospatial catalogue service provides a network-based meta-information repository and interface for advertising and discovering shared geospatial data and services. Descriptive information (i.e., metadata) for geospatial data and services is structured and organized in catalogue services. The approaches currently available for searching and using that information are often inadequate. Semantic Web technologies show promise for better discovery methods by exploiting the underlying semantics. Such development needs special attention from the Cyberinfrastructure perspective, so that the traditional focus on discovery of and access to geospatial data can be expanded to support the increased demand for processing of geospatial information and discovery of knowledge. Semantic descriptions for geospatial data, services, and geoprocessing service chains are structured, organized, and registered through extending elements in the ebXML Registry Information Model (ebRIM) of a geospatial catalogue service, which follows the interface specifications of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Catalogue Services for the Web (CSW). The process models for geoprocessing service chains, as a type of geospatial knowledge, are captured, registered, and discoverable. Semantics-enhanced discovery for geospatial data, services/service chains, and process models is described. Semantic search middleware that can support virtual data product materialization is developed for the geospatial catalogue service. The creation of such a semantics-enhanced geospatial catalogue service is important in meeting the demands for geospatial information discovery and analysis in Cyberinfrastructure.

  11. October 2003 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    October 2003 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY AWARENESS, TRAINING, EDUCATION, AND CERTIFICATION By Mark Wilson and Joan Hash Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National publica tion to NIST SP 800-16, Information Technology Security Training Require ments: A Role

  12. SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY

    E-print Network

    , and availability of its mission-critical information. The foundation for the selection of IT security productsApril 2004 SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY PRODUCTS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology

  13. Information and Communication Technologies

    E-print Network

    Liley, David

    Information and Communication Technologies Undergraduate and TAFE Courses swinburne.edu.au Can innovation and excellence in the training sector across Australia. Information and Communication Technologies, but multiple career doors. Dynamic and constantly evolving, information and communication technologies provide

  14. Information Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

    1983-01-01

    Relates office automation to its application in libraries, discussing computer software packages for microcomputers performing tasks involved in word processing, accounting, statistical analysis, electronic filing cabinets, and electronic mail systems. (EJS)

  15. Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability

    E-print Network

    Anderson, Richard

    Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability with Daily Life in 21st as individuals with explicit value commitments interact with information technology. Specifically, ethnographic methods are being used to investigate the information technology adaptive process as it unfolds

  16. Department of Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Flener, Pierre

    Department of Information Technology Human-Computer Interaction http://www.it.uu.se/research/hci #12;InformationTechnology-HCI Department of Information Technology | www.it.uu.se Today's menu Who we and collaboration Teaching KoF 2007, effects? Vision and plans Challenges #12;InformationTechnology

  17. People and Process: Managing the Human Side of Information Technology Application. Professional Paper Series, #7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baltzer, Jan A.

    Recognizing that the hard part of making the application of technology successful is the development of appropriate management structures and approaches, this paper reviews the research and writings of several top management and communications professionals and correlates these theories to the information technology environment on campus. Six…

  18. Information and Communication Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Communication is a central aspect of all our lives. Today, our modes of communication are highly dependent on technologies such as the internet, wireless networks, phones, and computers. This issue of Topic in Depth explores the ways these forms of communication are part of our lives and highlights some new directions in communication technology.WordIQ Dictionary and Encyclopedia (1) offers this definition: "Communication is the process of exchanging information usually via a common system of symbols." The website explains some of the key process involved in communication and describes different forms of communication, such as animal communication, interpersonal communication, and computer-mediated communication. Also taking a broad view on communication, this world history website (2) provides some background on the mathematical theories that are used in designing telecommunications systems. The articles highlighted on this website from the Center for the Study of Technology and Society (4) attest to the far reaching influence of communication technology. As research on the MediaLab Europe website suggests (5), we have moved into not just developing technology that mediates interpersonal communication (such as phones) but also creating "intimate and personal connections with and through new technologies." This NSF website (6) also highlights some recent discoveries in Computer Information Science and Engineering. Finally, this article from First Monday (7) discusses the far-reaching effects these new developments in technology and globalization are having on language and learning.

  19. Geographic Information Processing: Standards-Based Open Source Visualization Technology for Environmental Understanding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick Hogan; Tom Gaskins

    Environmental security is a global issue that will increasingly affect our ability to survive as a species. Collectively we\\u000a must better appreciate the complex relationships that make life on Earth possible. Providing geographic information in its\\u000a native context can accelerate our ability to process that information. To maximize this ability to process information, three\\u000a basic elements are required: data delivery

  20. Information Technology for Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Cathrine E.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Eight papers address technological, behavioral, and philosophical aspects of the application of information technology to training. Topics include instructional technology centers, intelligent training systems, distance learning, automated task analysis, training system selection, the importance of instructional methods, formative evaluation and…

  1. The Role of Information and Communication Technologies in Improving Teaching and Learning Processes in Primary and Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sangra, Albert; Gonzalez-Sanmamed, Mercedes

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyse what is happening at schools regarding the integration and use of information and communication technologies (ICT) and to examine teachers' perceptions about what teaching and learning processes can be improved through the use of ICT. A multiple-case-study research methodology was applied. From a previous…

  2. Information Technology Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dugan, Robert E.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses accountability concerns in higher education regarding the value of information technology expenditures and applications and suggests the importance of institutional information technology plans. Topics include academic libraries and information technology plans; plan structures; writing a plan; and recommended sections to include in an…

  3. PROBABILISTIC INFORMATION INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY

    SciTech Connect

    J. BOOKER; M. MEYER; ET AL

    2001-02-01

    The Statistical Sciences Group at Los Alamos has successfully developed a structured, probabilistic, quantitative approach for the evaluation of system performance based on multiple information sources, called Information Integration Technology (IIT). The technology integrates diverse types and sources of data and information (both quantitative and qualitative), and their associated uncertainties, to develop distributions for performance metrics, such as reliability. Applications include predicting complex system performance, where test data are lacking or expensive to obtain, through the integration of expert judgment, historical data, computer/simulation model predictions, and any relevant test/experimental data. The technology is particularly well suited for tracking estimated system performance for systems under change (e.g. development, aging), and can be used at any time during product development, including concept and early design phases, prior to prototyping, testing, or production, and before costly design decisions are made. Techniques from various disciplines (e.g., state-of-the-art expert elicitation, statistical and reliability analysis, design engineering, physics modeling, and knowledge management) are merged and modified to develop formal methods for the data/information integration. The power of this technology, known as PREDICT (Performance and Reliability Evaluation with Diverse Information Combination and Tracking), won a 1999 R and D 100 Award (Meyer, Booker, Bement, Kerscher, 1999). Specifically the PREDICT application is a formal, multidisciplinary process for estimating the performance of a product when test data are sparse or nonexistent. The acronym indicates the purpose of the methodology: to evaluate the performance or reliability of a product/system by combining all available (often diverse) sources of information and then tracking that performance as the product undergoes changes.

  4. Information Technology – a Tool for Development of the Teaching Process at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo

    PubMed Central

    Masic, Izet; Begic, Edin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Information Technologies, taking slow steps, have found its application in the teaching process of Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo. Online availability of the teaching content is mainly intended for users of the Bologna process. Aim: The aim was to present the level of use of information technologies at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo, comparing two systems, old system and the Bologna process, and to present new ways of improving the teaching process, using information technology. Material and methods: The study included the period from 2012 to 2014, and included 365 students from the old system and the Bologna Process. Study had prospective character. Results: Students of the old system are older than students of the Bologna process. In both systems higher number of female students is significantly present. All students have their own computers, usually using the Office software package and web browsers. Visits of social networks were the most common reason for which they used computers. On question if they know to work with databases, 14.6% of students of the old system responded positively and 26.2% of students of the Bologna process answered the same. Students feel that working with databases is necessary to work in primary health care. On the question of the degree of computerization at the university, there were significant differences between the two systems (p <0.05). When asked about the possibility of using computers at school, there were no significant differences between the two systems. There has been progress of that opportunity from year to year. Students of Bologna process were more interested in the introduction of information technology, than students of old system. 68.7% of students of the Bologna process of generation 2013-2014, and 71.3% of generation 2014-2015, believed that the subject of Medical Informatics, the same or similar name, should be included in the new reform teaching process of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo. Conclusion: Information technologies can help the development of the teaching process, and represent attractive and accessible tool in the process of modernization and progress. PMID:26005278

  5. Information Technology Security Assessment Framework

    E-print Network

    Federal Information Technology Security Assessment Framework November 28, 2000 Prepared (NIST) Computer Security Division #12;Overview Information and the systems that process it are among and maintain a program to adequately secure its information and system assets. Agency programs must: 1) assure

  6. Information Technologies Activity Report

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    use of information technologies. In 2008, 90 higher-education institutions and over 27,000 freshman-mail: To improve the overall security of the University of Delaware's information resources, UD now requires all1 Information Technologies Activity Report November 1, 2008­January 31, 2009 Highlighted News New

  7. New Information Technologies--New Opportunities. Papers Presented at the Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing (18th, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, April 26-29, 1981).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Linda C., Ed.

    The papers presented at the 18th Clinic on Library Applications of Data Processing discuss current developments and applications of new technologies for processing, transmitting, and storing information, as well as some issues raised by these new technologies. Ten papers are included: (1) a keynote speech on the changing roles of the information

  8. Information Technology Resources Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

  9. Information Technology and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaman, Halimah Badioze

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the impact of information technology on learning and teacher education and outlines a scenario for the use of information technology in education in Malaysia, including online systems and an experimental computer-integrated learning system. Interactive computer systems used in the Open University (United Kingdom) are described. (Contains…

  10. Technology Advertising Contact Information

    E-print Network

    Peters, Richard

    Overview #12;Technology Advertising Contact Information Alex Sheath 8596 4063 asheath Overview Our online Technology section is geared towards an IT professional environment, reaching a range of technology enthusiasts from every day gadget consumers to business decision makers where enterprise solutions

  11. Information Technology and Management Department of Information Technology and Management

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Information Technology and Management Department of Information Technology and Management Daniel F Chicago, IL 60616 appliedtech.iit.edu/information-technology-and- management Dean and Chair: C. Robert in the information technology and cyber security fields. The Information Technology and Management degrees apply

  12. Process Technology: Training & Careers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, learn about process technology and career opportunities in this field. Process refers to the steps that chemicals go through to become products, like gasoline or medicine. Process technology is used in just about every manufacturing industry, from pharmaceuticals to automobiles to cosmetics. A process technician keeps the machines that process chemicals running smoothly.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

  13. Information Technology and Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dorothy E. Denning

    This paper examines key trends and developments in information technology, and the implications of those developments on stability and security. Focus is on cyber threats to computer networks, including information theft and sabotage, and acts that disrupt or deny services. Seven trend areas are examined: ubiquity, mobility, hacking tools, performance, vulnerabilities, groundedness, and information security. Trends in these areas are

  14. Scholarly Communication and Information Technology: Exploring the Impact of Changes in the Research Process on Archives. Rand Reprints.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michelson, Avra; Rothenberg, Jeff

    1993-01-01

    The report considers the interaction of trends in information technology and trends in research practices and the policy implications for archives. The information is divided into 4 sections. The first section, an "Overview of Information Technology Trends," discusses end-user computing, which includes ubiquitous computing, end-user interfaces,…

  15. Mapping healthcare information technology

    E-print Network

    Crawford, William Charles Richards

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis I have developed a map of Healthcare Information Technology applications used in the United States for care delivery, healthcare enterprise management, clinical support, research and patient engagement. No ...

  16. UMass Office of Information Technologies Office of Information Technologies

    E-print Network

    Schweik, Charles M.

    UMass Office of Information Technologies Office of Information Technologies A218 Lederle GRC University of Massachusetts Amherst http://www.oit.umass.edu/ The Instructor's Guide to Information Security 1. Student Information at UMass Amherst What is FERPA anyway

  17. Examining the potential of information technology to improve public insurance application processes: enrollee assessments from a concurrent mixed method analysis

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, Abhay Nath; Ketsche, Patricia; Marton, James; Snyder, Angela; McLaren, Susan

    2014-01-01

    Objective To assess the perceived readiness of Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) enrollees to use information technologies (IT) in order to facilitate improvements in the application processes for these public insurance programs. Methods We conducted a concurrent mixed method study of Medicaid and CHIP enrollees in a southern state. We conducted focus groups to identify enrollee concerns regarding the current application process and their IT proficiency. Additionally, we surveyed beneficiaries via telephone about their access to and use of the Internet, and willingness to adopt IT-enabled processes. 2013 households completed the survey. We used ?2 analysis for comparisons across different groups of respondents. Results A majority of enrollees will embrace IT-enabled enrollment, but a small yet significant group continues to lack access to facilitating technologies. Moreover, a segment of beneficiaries in the two programs continues to place a high value on personal interactions with program caseworkers. Discussion IT holds the promise of improving efficiency and reducing barriers for enrollees, but state and federal agencies managing public insurance programs need to ensure access to traditional processes and make caseworkers available to those who require and value such assistance, even after implementing IT-enabled processes. Conclusions The use of IT-enabled processes is essential for effectively managing eligibility and enrollment determinations for public programs and private plans offered through state or federally operated exchanges. However, state and federal officials should be cognizant of the technological readiness of recipients and provide offline help to ensure broad participation in the insurance market. PMID:24939970

  18. Information Technology Services Administrative Information System (ADMIN)

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Information Technology Services Administrative Information System (ADMIN) Banner Account Request Information Systems/Banner Guidelines for Data Standards, Data Integrity and Security document, which includes

  19. Women in Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wentling, Rose Mary; Thomas, Steven P.

    2004-01-01

    There is a major concern about the drop of young women entering Computer Science degree programs and a drop in the participation of women in these information technology occupations. In all levels of educational institutions across the nation, girls and women remain under-represented in computer and information science studies and subsequently,…

  20. Helsinki University of Technology: Computational Information Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Computational Information Technology is a research group of the Laboratory of Computational Engineering at the Helsinki University of Technology in Finland. This section of the website introduces visitors to the group's work on modelling and analyzing complex physical, technical and economic processes and systems. Researchers "carry out method development and application oriented research on advanced probabilistic and information theoretic methods." Some applications include statistical modelling of financial markets, pattern recognition in neural networks, machine vision for microscope image processing, data mining, and intelligent human-machine interfaces. The Research Projects section describes the group's work in these areas and highlights the mathematical and statistical methods used, such as Bayesian methods, vision geometry, Turing's reaction-diffusion systems, and time-frequency analysis. Each research area has its own website, where the overall project and theoretical framework is described along with images and diagrams. Publications, such as theses and journal articles are listed and some conference proceedings and articles are available to download.

  1. Effects of Different Multimedia Presentations on Viewers' Information-Processing Activities Measured by Eye-Tracking Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chuang, Hsueh-Hua; Liu, Han-Chin

    2011-05-01

    This study implemented eye-tracking technology to understand the impact of different multimedia instructional materials, i.e., five successive pages versus a single page with the same amount of information, on information-processing activities in 21 non-science-major college students. The findings showed that students demonstrated the same number of eye fixations during information searching and spent the same amount of time on the overall instructional materials regardless of format. However, the total number of eye fixations on the picture areas was significantly greater for the multiple-page than for the single-page presentation. A significant difference was found in the duration of students' eye fixation durations on the picture areas under the two conditions, with students spending more time on the picture area of the multiple-page than of the single-page presentation. Greater pupil size was found when participants viewed the multiple-page presentation, implying that this presentation format was associated with a higher cognitive load. The participants' eye-movement data for specific areas was recorded and analyzed to determine students' information processing patterns and strategies and for triangulation with the quantitative findings. Discussion of the research findings and suggestions for future research are provided.

  2. Presidential Leadership for Information Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, David; Hawkins, Brian L.

    2003-01-01

    Addresses six information technology (IT) questions that should be answered by college presidents, providing illustrations from campus experience and offering advice from experienced presidents: "How much should we spend?"; "Which processes should receive funds?"; "Which capabilities need to be company-wide?"; "How good do our services need to…

  3. Information and communication technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Edelson, Burton I.; Pelton, Joseph N.; Bostian, Charles W.; Brandon, William T.; Chan, Vincent W. S.; Hager, E. Paul; Helm, Neil R.; Jennings, Raymond D.; Kwan, Robert K.; Mahle, Christoph E.

    1994-01-01

    NASA and the National Science Foundation (NSF) commissioned a panel of U.S. experts to study the international status of satellite communications systems and technology. The study covers emerging systems concepts, applications, services, and the attendant technologies. The panel members traveled to Europe, Japan, and Russia to gather information firsthand. They visited 17 sites in Europe, 20 in Japan, and 4 in Russia. These included major manufacturers, government organizations, service providers, and associated research and development facilities. The panel's report was reviewed by the sites visited, by the panel, and by representatives of U.S. industry. The report details the information collected and compares it to U.S. activities.

  4. Attitudes toward New Organizational Technology: Network Proximity as a Mechanism for Social Information Processing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Ronald E.; Aydin, Carolyn

    1991-01-01

    Tests three network-based mechanisms whereby individuals' attitudes toward an integrated health information system may be influenced by the attitudes of proximate sources of social information. Estimates of generalized others' attitudes are not convincingly associated with specified others' actual attitudes. Others' attitudes have a small effect…

  5. Speech processing: An evolving technology

    SciTech Connect

    Crochiere, R.E.; Flanagan, J.L.

    1986-09-01

    As we enter the information age, speech processing is emerging as an important technology for making machines easier and more convenient for humans to use. It is both an old and a new technology - dating back to the invention of the telephone and forward, at least in aspirations, to the capabilities of HAL in 2001. Explosive advances in microelectronics now make it possible to implement economical real-time hardware for sophisticated speech processing - processing that formerly could be demonstrated only in simulations on main-frame computers. As a result, fundamentally new product concepts - as well as new features and functions in existing products - are becoming possible and are being explored in the marketplace. As the introductory piece to this issue, the authors draw a brief perspective on the evolving field of speech processing and assess the technology in the the three constituent sectors: speech coding, synthesis, and recognition.

  6. Integrated science information and pipeline processing system: Application of new technologies on the IUE project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Len Smith; Kevin Hassett; Nepolia Dunn; Karen Levay

    1993-01-01

    Technologies including RISC architectures, an integrated centralized relational database system, optical disks, high-speed wide area networks, and graphical user interfaces are being employed on the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) Project to produce a homogeneous final archive of IUE data. Included in this effort is a thorough check of the IUE catalog for consistency and completeness, reprocessing the data using new

  7. Information Technology and Management Information Technology and Management

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Information Technology and Management Information Technology and Management IIT School of Applied Technology Daniel F. and Ada L. Rice Campus 201 E. Loop Road Wheaton, IL 60187 www.iit.edu/applied tech/ Dean Technology & Management program is to educate and inform students to prepare them to assume technical

  8. The firm in the Information Age: organizational responses to technological change in the processed foods sector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Cox; Simon Mowatt

    2002-01-01

    The transformation of production processes that occurred across a range of manufacturing industries during the Industrial Age generated new and more complex requirements for the process of intermediation as well as for the production systems themselves. The development of hierarchical organizations provided firms with the ability to oversee directly many of these new tasks and to create markets that supported

  9. Geospatial Technology/Traditional Ecological Knowledge-Derived Information Tools for the Enhancement of Coastal Restoration Decision Support Processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bethel, Matthew Byron

    This research investigated the feasibility and benefits of integrating geospatial technology with traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of an indigenous Louisiana coastal population in order to assess the impacts of current and historical ecosystem change to community viability. The primary goal was to provide resource managers with a comprehensive method of assessing localized ecological change in the Gulf Coast region that can benefit community sustainability. Using Remote Sensing (RS), Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and other geospatial technologies integrated with a coastal community's TEK to achieve this goal, the objectives were (1) to determine a method for producing vulnerability/sustainability mapping products for an ecosystem-dependent livelihood base of a coastal population that results from physical information derived from RS imagery and supported, refined, and prioritized with TEK, and (2) to demonstrate how such an approach can engage affected community residents who are interested in understanding better marsh health and ways that marsh health can be recognized, and the causes of declining marsh determined and addressed. TEK relevant to the project objectives collected included: changes in the flora and fauna over time; changes in environmental conditions observed over time such as land loss; a history of man-made structures and impacts to the area; as well as priority areas of particular community significance or concern. Scientific field data collection measured marsh vegetation health characteristics. These data were analyzed for correlation with satellite image data acquired concurrently with field data collection. Resulting regression equations were applied to the image data to produce estimated marsh health maps. Historical image datasets of the study area were acquired to understand evolution of land change to current conditions and project future vulnerability. Image processing procedures were developed and applied to produce maps that detail land change in the study area at time intervals from 1968 to 2009. This information was combined with the TEK and scientific datasets in a GIS to produce mapping products that provide new information to the coastal restoration decision making process. This information includes: (1) what marsh areas are most vulnerable; and (2) what areas are most significant to the sustainability of the community.

  10. Advances in information processing in oceans technology a 40 year review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincent William Porto

    2008-01-01

    Raw data can be filtered, aggregated, transformed, fused, visualized, and correlated, yet data by itself is of no practical value. For data to be of value it must first be interpreted. Interpretation\\/analysis is a necessary but insufficient condition for conveying information. The interpretation must impact the behavior of the end user for the data to be truly useful, hence the

  11. Solar information process model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Hewett; P. Spewak

    1978-01-01

    The MITRE Solar Information Process Model (SIP) is a computerized model that simulates information processes in solar markets. As such, it represents a useful tool in the formulation of solar information outreach programs. For each market investigated, SIP model outputs include prioritized listings of the information needs of key decision makers and other strategically important market participants, and related information

  12. Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval Group Information Access and User Interfaces Division National Institute of Standards and Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donna Harman

    1995-01-01

    Because of the initial work in text retrieval, the majority of the current projects involve improving the transfer of better text retrieval technology into commercial systems. Two approaches are being followed. The first approach (started in 1988) is to build a large-scale prototype retrieval system (the PRISE system) capable of handling over three gigabytes of data. This system uses natural

  13. Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology

    E-print Network

    and managing these physiologic data sets is quite large, often requiring the collaboration of domain experts in diverse fields engaged in the research process. Large data sets, often ranging between tens to hundreds and analysis of large sets of time-series data forces the users to develop endless data input-output interface

  14. Towards Online Delivery of Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning Techniques in Information Technology Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trevathan, Jarrod; Myers, Trina

    2013-01-01

    Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) is a technique used to teach in large lectures and tutorials. It invokes interaction, team building, learning and interest through highly structured group work. Currently, POGIL has only been implemented in traditional classroom settings where all participants are physically present. However,…

  15. A workplan for business process reengineering and a challenge for information science and technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bill Schwartz; Betty W. Hwang; C. Jinshong Hwang

    1995-01-01

    Business process reengineering (BPR) is on the forefront of corporate change. It is sweeping the country and challenging the notions of TQM and life cycle methodologies. One must not get lost in the excitement or lose sight of the level of involvement such an undertaking requires. EVERY aspect of the business must be reconsidered. Political and cultural issues should be

  16. September 2005 ADVISING USERS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    September 2005 ADVISING USERS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BBuulllleettiinn BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES: HELPING TO PROTECT INFORMATION AND AUTOMATED TRANSACTIONS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES: HELPING TO PROTECT INFORMATION AND AUTOMATED TRANSACTIONS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS

  17. NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Information Technology Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Information Technology Strategic Plan 2012 2014 #12;Information technology and services. As the University's information technology organization, Northwestern University Information Technology (NUIT) is committed to listen and lead in the delivery of technology services and information

  18. Information technology governance — COBIT model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dalibor Radovanovic; Dubravka Lucic; Tijana Radojevic; Marko Sarac

    2011-01-01

    This paper explains the concept of information technology audit, shows relationship between audit and IT Management. Information systems provide both the means for organizations to transact business and the ability to report the financial results of their operations. Information technology auditing is an integral part of corporate governance. However, information technology auditing is often looked upon as a \\

  19. Process Technology: Process Maintenance Engineer

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, youâ??ll meet Tyrone Walker, who keeps the enormous machines at a Tupperware factory running 24/7/365. Tyrone is a process maintenance engineer. This means he inspects all the parts of a machineâ??s electronics system looking for problems, from the tiniest components to the machine as a whole. Tyrone's community college degree in electronic engineering is key to doing this job, which he loves.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

  20. Management of information technology and business process re-engineering: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fang Zhao

    2004-01-01

    This paper investigates and addresses issues, problems and challenges that a regional company of a multinational corporation is facing in the implementation of IT-platforms (SAP R\\/3) and the business process re-engineering (BPR). While many organizations have reported significant improvement in business results from implementing SAP R\\/3 and BPR, others have failed or experienced various difficulties in achieving intended business and

  1. Quantum Information Processing in Nanostructures

    E-print Network

    Alexandra Olaya-Castro; Neil F. Johnson

    2004-06-18

    Semiconductor quantum dots integrated with ultrafast spectroscopy technology are prime candidates for building scalable architectures for Quantum Information Processing. In this review paper we survey the current state of theoretical proposals concerning all-optical control of nanostructure qubits and their interactions. These schemes offer potential for ultrafast optical manipulation of quantum information in time scales within the coherence time.

  2. Measuring the Impact of Information Technology on Value and Productivity using a Process-Based Approach: The case for RFID Technologies

    E-print Network

    Subirana, Brian

    2004-12-10

    There has been a lot of research addressing the relationship between Information Technology (IT) investments and productivity. Most of the work has been based on firm-level metrics such as total IT ...

  3. Measuring the Impact of Information Technology on Value and Productivity using a Process-Based Approach: The case for RFID Technology

    E-print Network

    Subirana, Brian

    2004-03-12

    There has been a lot of research addressing the relationship between Information Technology (IT) investments and productivity. Most of the work has been based on firm-level metrics such as total IT investment. We present ...

  4. Information Technology and Healthcare

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In July 2004, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) launched its initiative to develop a National Health Information Infrastructure. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to create an electronic health record (EHR) for every American so that health records can be securely shared among health care providers. This Topic in Depth explores developments in electronic health records and technology.This first website (1) is the official site for the National Health Information Infrastructure 2004: Cornerstones for Electronic Healthcare. Some current ideas for how to share medical records, such as secured online postings or saving data on flash disks are discussed in this article from PC World (2). This next article (3) discusses another development in information technology, implantable electronic identification chips. The fourth website (4) presents findings from a recent Medical Records Institute survey of health providers on their current uses, future hopes and perceived barriers to electronic health record systems. One challenge for the initiative is interoperability, which is explained generally on this website (5). The issue of interoperability, as well as privacy and fragmentation in the health industry are addressed in the Preliminary Roadmap for Achieving Electronic Connectivity in Healthcare released by Connecting for Health (6). For more on current research on technology supporting the use of electronic records see this website from The Electronic Record Development and Implementation Programme (ERDIP) (7).

  5. Health Information Systems (HIS): Concept and Technology

    E-print Network

    Almunawar, Mohammad Nabil

    2012-01-01

    A health information system (HIS) is the intersection of between healthcare's business process, and information systems to deliver better healthcare services. The nature of healthcare industry, which is highly influenced by economic, social, politic, and technological factors, has changed over time. This paper will address some important concepts of healthcare and related terminologies to provide a holistic view for HIS. Related technological milestones and major events are briefly summarized. The trends and rapid development of health information technologies are also discussed.

  6. Evaluating geographic information systems technology

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Guptill, Stephen C.

    1989-01-01

    Computerized geographic information systems (GISs) are emerging as the spatial data handling tools of choice for solving complex geographical problems. However, few guidelines exist for assisting potential users in identifying suitable hardware and software. A process to be followed in evaluating the merits of GIS technology is presented. Related standards and guidelines, software functions, hardware components, and benchmarking are discussed. By making users aware of all aspects of adopting GIS technology, they can decide if GIS is an appropriate tool for their application and, if so, which GIS should be used.

  7. Vaccine process technology.

    PubMed

    Josefsberg, Jessica O; Buckland, Barry

    2012-06-01

    The evolution of vaccines (e.g., live attenuated, recombinant) and vaccine production methods (e.g., in ovo, cell culture) are intimately tied to each other. As vaccine technology has advanced, the methods to produce the vaccine have advanced and new vaccine opportunities have been created. These technologies will continue to evolve as we strive for safer and more immunogenic vaccines and as our understanding of biology improves. The evolution of vaccine process technology has occurred in parallel to the remarkable growth in the development of therapeutic proteins as products; therefore, recent vaccine innovations can leverage the progress made in the broader biotechnology industry. Numerous important legacy vaccines are still in use today despite their traditional manufacturing processes, with further development focusing on improving stability (e.g., novel excipients) and updating formulation (e.g., combination vaccines) and delivery methods (e.g., skin patches). Modern vaccine development is currently exploiting a wide array of novel technologies to create safer and more efficacious vaccines including: viral vectors produced in animal cells, virus-like particles produced in yeast or insect cells, polysaccharide conjugation to carrier proteins, DNA plasmids produced in E. coli, and therapeutic cancer vaccines created by in vitro activation of patient leukocytes. Purification advances (e.g., membrane adsorption, precipitation) are increasing efficiency, while innovative analytical methods (e.g., microsphere-based multiplex assays, RNA microarrays) are improving process understanding. Novel adjuvants such as monophosphoryl lipid A, which acts on antigen presenting cell toll-like receptors, are expanding the previously conservative list of widely accepted vaccine adjuvants. As in other areas of biotechnology, process characterization by sophisticated analysis is critical not only to improve yields, but also to determine the final product quality. From a regulatory perspective, Quality by Design (QbD) and Process Analytical Technology (PAT) are important initiatives that can be applied effectively to many types of vaccine processes. Universal demand for vaccines requires that a manufacturer plan to supply tens and sometimes hundreds of millions of doses per year at low cost. To enable broader use, there is intense interest in improving temperature stability to allow for excursions from a rigid cold chain supply, especially at the point of vaccination. Finally, there is progress in novel routes of delivery to move away from the traditional intramuscular injection by syringe approach. PMID:22407777

  8. Regaining Control Over Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldsborough, Reid

    2005-01-01

    Living in postindustrial, 21st-century society means being surrounded by the accoutrements of information technology. Information technology is in people's offices, cars and homes. One third of adults do not deal well with information technology, according to the research of Larry Rosen, psychology professor, author, and pundit. Rosen is the Paul…

  9. Georgia Southern University Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Georgia Southern University Information Technology Organization Chart 2013-2014 FINAL: September 18, 2013 R\\Work\\Common:\\OrgCharts\\Rev2014\\ Information Technology \\CIO Produced: Strategic Research of the groups of units reporting there. President Vice President for Information Technology and Chief

  10. Information Technology and Web Science

    E-print Network

    Rensselaer Graduate Studies Information Technology and Web Science Rensselaer nurtures a "low walls advanced study in the highly creative, interdisci- plinary field of Information Technology and Web Science to gain a breadth of IT knowledge: itws.rpi.edu #12;itws.rpi.edu Information Technology and Web Science

  11. Children, Information and New Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, John

    As technological change affects current lifestyles and will continue to affect access to information, children should remain a primary consideration, with new technology serving to provide information to them. The growing importance of information is fundamental to recent technological change based on the development of computers and the silicon…

  12. Outsourcing information technology

    SciTech Connect

    Gordon, K.A. (Planmetrics Inc., Chicago, IL (United States))

    1994-01-15

    Although it has become almost routine in most industries, outsourcing has only emerged as a hot topic in the utility industry over the past few years. Information technology (IT) is a prime candidate for outsourcing alternatives. And while not a panacea for all utilities, the trend to consider outsourcing one or more IT functions will become increasingly important as companies struggle to cope with deregulation and competitive pressures. This article describes how to determine if outsourcing is a viable alternative for a utility, and how to determine what is to be outsourced and how to manage the contract.

  13. Information Technology: American National Standard for

    E-print Network

    Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format Publication 500-245 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial, & Scar Mark & Tattoo (SMT) Information Sponsored by Information Technology

  14. Information & Technology Literacy Standards Matrix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Calvin J.; Lohr, Neah J.; Klein, Jim; Sorensen, Richard J.

    Intended to help library media specialists, technology educators, and curriculum planning teams identify where specific information and technology competencies might best fit into the assessed content areas of the curriculum, this document presents a matrix that identifies the correlation between Wisconsin's Information and Technology Literacy…

  15. Information technology security system engineering methodology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Childs, D.

    2003-01-01

    A methodology is described for system engineering security into large information technology systems under development. The methodology is an integration of a risk management process and a generic system development life cycle process. The methodology is to be used by Security System Engineers to effectively engineer and integrate information technology security into a target system as it progresses through the development life cycle. The methodology can also be used to re-engineer security into a legacy system.

  16. Information Technology and Information Society in Poland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zoltan Batori; Andrea Koren; Bruno S. Sergi

    2008-01-01

    Investment on the information technology has a prominent place in understanding the growth of labour markets productivity in the USA after 1995. While investment on information technology enabled US firms to achieve high growth rates of both labour and total factor productivity, neither Western European nor Central European firms echoed the US experience. The European productive system has failed to

  17. NASA Information Technology Implementation Plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    NASA's Information Technology (IT) resources and IT support continue to be a growing and integral part of all NASA missions. Furthermore, the growing IT support requirements are becoming more complex and diverse. The following are a few examples of the growing complexity and diversity of NASA's IT environment. NASA is conducting basic IT research in the Intelligent Synthesis Environment (ISE) and Intelligent Systems (IS) Initiatives. IT security, infrastructure protection, and privacy of data are requiring more and more management attention and an increasing share of the NASA IT budget. Outsourcing of IT support is becoming a key element of NASA's IT strategy as exemplified by Outsourcing Desktop Initiative for NASA (ODIN) and the outsourcing of NASA Integrated Services Network (NISN) support. Finally, technology refresh is helping to provide improved support at lower cost. Recently the NASA Automated Data Processing (ADP) Consolidation Center (NACC) upgraded its bipolar technology computer systems with Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology systems. This NACC upgrade substantially reduced the hardware maintenance and software licensing costs, significantly increased system speed and capacity, and reduced customer processing costs by 11 percent.

  18. Information Assurance Technology Forecast 2005

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Virgil D. Gligor; Thomas Haigh; Dick Kemmerer; Carl E. Landwehr; Steven B. Lipner; John D. Mclean

    2006-01-01

    This paper gives insights into how the threat's evolving nature, the current information technology environment, and various market forces are combining to yield new security challenges and likely new technology paths for the future.

  19. Advocating investments in information technology

    SciTech Connect

    Nirenberg, L.M. (Competition Technology Corp., Campbell, CA (United States))

    1992-01-01

    Information and communication systems can improve the timeliness and quality of decisions. These benefits are strategically important to the utility industry in an era of increasing competition. Because these systems often do not reduce labor cost, however, they can be difficult to evaluate. This report presents a new process for reaching consensus of the value of capital investment in information and communication systems. The results of this project is A Strategic Advocacy Process (ASAP), a methodology that can be used to evaluate investments in information technology. ASAP uses belief graphs to produce a living business case showing facts, assumptions, goals, and metrics for measuring progress toward those goals; shows how to use option pricing theory to quantify the value of managerial flexibility; ASAP uses an organizational impact assessment tool to identify the potential impact of new information systems and how to realize the benefits of managerial flexibility. The ASAP methodology addresses the critical problem of correctly valuing information and communication systems. The methodology offers a way to account for the intangible'' value of these systems by recognizing the managerial flexibility these systems can provide in addressing risks and uncovering new business opportunities. Metrics for measuring progress toward new goals can be defined, and plans for achieving the goals can be made. As a result, agreement can be reached on the uses, value, and priority of projects based on a metric other than on labor replacement savings.

  20. Multimission helicopter information display technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Terry, William S.

    1995-06-01

    A new Operator display subsystem is being incorporated as part of the next generation United States Navy (USN) helicopter avionics system to be integrated into the Multi-Mission Helicopter (MMH) which will replace both the SH-60B and the SH- 60F in 2001. This subsystem exploits state-of-the-art technology for the display hardware, the display driver hardware, information presentation methodologies, and software architecture. The technologies to be base technologies have evolved during the development period and the solution has been modified to include current elements including high resolution AMLCD color displays that are sunlight readable, highly reliable, and significantly lighter that CRT technology, as well as Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) based high-performance display generators that have only recently become feasible to implement in a military aircraft. This paper describes the overall subsystem architecture, some detail on the individual elements along with supporting rationale, the manner in which the display subsystem provides the necessary tools to significantly enhance the performance of the weapon system through the vital Operator-System Interface. Also addressed is a summary of the evolution of design leading to the current approach to MMH Operator displays and display processing as well as the growth path that the MMH display subsystem will most likely follow as additional technology evolution occurs.

  1. Towards an Information Technology Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewart, R. W.

    1988-01-01

    As new information technology options are made available, office automation systems are being introduced and along with campus networks, and management information service requirements are evolving. Eight common strategies found in 10 American institutions are reported. (Author/MLW)

  2. Signal Processing Information Base

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Signal Processing Information Base(SPIB) is a project sponsored by the Signal Processing Society and the National Science Foundation. SPIB is a repository of data, papers, software, newsgroups, bibliographies, and addresses of interest to the signal processing community, as well as links to other relevant repositories.

  3. WORK INTEGRATED LEARNING IN THE FIELD OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    WORK INTEGRATED LEARNING IN THE FIELD OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Work Integrated Learning (WIL for employers participating in WIL in the discipline of information technology. This is a field, where students thinking processes. Resource 3 - Information Technology #12;SOME KEY POINTS ABOUT WIL IN INFORMATION

  4. New Technology and Information Explosion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johns, David

    A flood of new electronic technologies promises to usher in the Information Age and alter economic and social structures. Telematics, a potent combination of telecommunications and computer technologies, could eventually bring huge volumes of information to great numbers of people by making large data bases accessible to computer terminals in…

  5. Information Technology for Knowledge Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Uwe M. Borghoff; Remo Pareschi

    1997-01-01

    Abstract: Knowledge has been lately recognized as one of the most important assets of organizations. Can information technology help the growth and the sustainment of organizational knowledge? The answer is yes, if care is taken to remember that IT here is just a part of the story (corporate culture and work practices being equally relevant) and that the information technologies

  6. Information Technology and Disabilities (ITD)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Electronic Journal: Information Technology and Disabilities: Refereed journal focussed on the development and effective use of new and emerging technologies by computer users with disabilities. Founded by EASI (Equal Access to Software and Information), topics include issues affecting rehabilitation counselors, human resources professionals, and developers of adaptive computer hardware and software products.

  7. College of Information Technology 139 COLLEGE OF INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Xie,Jiang (Linda)

    information technology solutions. Computer Science Program. The Computer Science Department offers a wide · Collaborative system technology and design · Human/computer iCollege of Information Technology 139 COLLEGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Dean: Mirsad Hadzikadic

  8. CICT Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Laufenberg, Lawrence; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The CICT Program is part of the NASA Aerospace Technology Enterprise's fundamental technology thrust to develop tools. processes, and technologies that enable new aerospace system capabilities and missions. The CICT Program's four key objectives are: Provide seamless access to NASA resources- including ground-, air-, and space-based distributed information technology resources-so that NASA scientists and engineers can more easily control missions, make new scientific discoveries, and design the next-generation space vehicles, provide high-data delivery from these assets directly to users for missions, develop goal-oriented human-centered systems, and research, develop and evaluate revolutionary technology.

  9. Profit Impact of Information Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weitzendorf, Thomas; Hiller, Harald

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the correlation between corporate performance and the use of information technology. Tests a model that was based on management information systems literature. Examines system effectiveness, user information satisfaction, organizational conversion, top management commitment, and organizational climate. Discusses testing in Austrian and…

  10. Information technology: opening the box.

    PubMed

    Nussbaum, G M

    1998-09-01

    If you thought managed care was a tough nut to crack, wait until you have to start making decisions about your organization's information technology (IT). Information systems are complex and expensive, they can take years to implement, and, once installed, they need costly and regular upgrades. But for a contemporary clinical organization to function, this technology is as essential as power and water. For many years, information technology was seen as a black box, impenetrable and beyond real understanding. If done with knowledge and care, however, cracking the box opens up possibilities, not ruin. PMID:10185652

  11. Information Policy and the Discovery Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, Richard R.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews past information revolutions, describes the technologies of the current revolution, and discusses the impact of technology on broader social dynamics. Topics discussed include future roles for publishers and libraries, the impact of social trends on the discovery process, and the need for a global information policy. (CLB)

  12. HUMAN TOUCH nanotechnology information technology biomedical technology and

    E-print Network

    Vellekoop, Michel

    HIGH TECH, HUMAN TOUCH FACTS AND FIGURES 2014 #12;nanotechnology information technology biomedical technology and technical medicine behavioural sciences and governance geo-information science and earth

  13. Information Technology Appropriate Use Policy

    E-print Network

    to exercise good judgment and operate under best practices in the #12;Information Technology Appropriate Use and governing documents concerning appropriate use. These documents may contain more detailed statements

  14. Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials. The tutorials fall under the categories of electronics, fiber optics, general computing and programming, general telecommunications, java, math, matlab, networking and physics.

  15. Management Framework for Information Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathezer, Gordon

    1985-01-01

    The development and implementation of an institutional framework to guide the management and use of information technologies (computing, office automation, and telecommunications) at Mount Royal College in Calgary, Alberta, are described. (Author/MLW)

  16. Managing agile information technology infrastructure

    E-print Network

    Kalissery, Biju

    2007-01-01

    Information technology (IT) can be a key contributor for the successful implementation of business strategies. However, companies normally find it hard to synchronize their evolving business strategies with the capabilities ...

  17. Information technologies and patient safety.

    PubMed

    Ellner, Scott J; Joyner, Paul W

    2012-02-01

    Advances in health information technology provide significant opportunities for improvements in surgical patient safety. The adoption and use of electronic health records can enhance communication along the surgical spectrum of care. Bar coding and radiofrequency identification technology are strategies to prevent retained surgical sponges and for tracking the operating room supply chain. Computerized intraoperative monitoring systems can improve the performance of the operating room team. Automated data registries collect patient information to be analyzed and used for surgical quality improvement. PMID:22269262

  18. Information Technology Services (ITS) Information Technology Services (ITS) ensures that faculty, students, and staff have the

    E-print Network

    Maroncelli, Mark

    Information Technology Services (ITS) Information Technology Services (ITS) ensures that faculty, students, and staff have the information technology tools and infrastructure necessary to carry out maximum use of the appropriate information technology tools in their learning, teaching, research

  19. HOW TO ACCESS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) is an on-line computer database and repository for information on remediation and treatment technologies. t contains several of EPA's technology databases, including the Treatment Technology Database, the RREL (Risk Redu...

  20. Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Tom, Ed.

    1995-01-01

    Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

  1. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY SERVICES: HOW TO

    E-print Network

    June 2004 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY SERVICES: HOW TO SELECT, IMPLEMENT, AND MANAGE Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute decisions are made and that system security is strengthened. Guide to Information Technology Security

  2. Michigan State University Health Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Michigan State University Health Information Technology Privacy Statement Revised 12 for Information Technology Resources. Although this Site has security measures in place to protect personal This Site collects information automatically through the use of cookies, third party tracking technologies

  3. University of Connecticut Information Technology Security

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    University of Connecticut Information Technology Security Incident Response Plan #12;- i - Revision technology needs of the University. The Information Technology Security Office has created this Incident, affiliates, or students. Audience This document is primarily for University departmental information security

  4. Aboriginal Information & Communication Technologies

    E-print Network

    Martin, Jeff

    Networking (30 Hours) · Networking Protocols (30 Hours) · Advanced Networking (30 Hours) · Windows Design (24 Hours) · Introduction to Business Analysis (30 Hours) · Information Assurance and Security application form admission requirements 2. Successfully pass the entrance exam 3. Successfully pass

  5. Immunology as Information Processing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephanie Forrest; Steven A. Hofmeyr

    2000-01-01

    This chapter describes the behavior of the immune system from an informationprocessing perspective. It reviews a series of projects conducted at the University of New Mexico and the Santa Fe Institute, which have developed and explored the theme "immunology as information processing." The projects cover the spectrum from serious modeling of real immunological phenomena, such as crossreactive responses in animals

  6. Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

    This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

  7. Information Technology and Indigenous People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Laurel, Ed.; Hendriks, Max, Ed.; Grant, Stephen, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    Information Technology and Indigenous People provides theoretical and empirical information related to the planning and execution of IT projects aimed at serving indigenous people. It explores many cultural concerns with IT implementation, including language issues and questions of cultural appropriateness, and brings together cutting-edge…

  8. Evaluating Outsourcing Information Technology and Assurance Expertise by Small Non-Profit Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guinn, Fillmore

    2013-01-01

    Small non-profit organizations outsource at least one information technology or information assurance process. Outsourcing information technology and information assurance processes has increased every year. The study was to determine the key reasons behind the choice to outsource information technology and information assurance processes. Using…

  9. WeInformation Sciences and Technology

    E-print Network

    WeInformation Sciences and Technology College of Information Sciences and Technology #12;Office of Undergraduate Recruiting College of Information Sciences and Technology The Pennsylvania State University 104 Information Sciences and Technology Building University Park, PA 16802-6822 For more information: ist

  10. National Security Technology Incubator Evaluation Process

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2007-12-31

    This report describes the process by which the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI) will be evaluated. The technology incubator is being developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. This report includes a brief description of the components, steps, and measures of the proposed evaluation process. The purpose of the NSPP is to promote national security technologies through business incubation, technology demonstration and validation, and workforce development. The NSTI will focus on serving businesses with national security technology applications by nurturing them through critical stages of early development. An effective evaluation process of the NSTI is an important step as it can provide qualitative and quantitative information on incubator performance over a given period. The vision of the NSTI is to be a successful incubator of technologies and private enterprise that assist the NNSA in meeting new challenges in national safety and security. The mission of the NSTI is to identify, incubate, and accelerate technologies with national security applications at various stages of development by providing hands-on mentoring and business assistance to small businesses and emerging or growing companies. To achieve success for both incubator businesses and the NSTI program, an evaluation process is essential to effectively measure results and implement corrective processes in the incubation design if needed. The evaluation process design will collect and analyze qualitative and quantitative data through performance evaluation system.

  11. Vision and Strategy for Campus Enterprise Architecture Information Technology Architecture Committee (ITAC)

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Lucia

    Vision and Strategy for Campus Enterprise Architecture Roadmaps Adopted by Information Technology. Develop a best-practices technology infrastructure for information management and commit the campus functional/business owners as well as information technology staff. Academic and administrative processes

  12. Information persistence using XML database technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark, Thomas A.; Lipa, Brian E. G.; Macera, Anthony R.; Staskevich, Gennady R.

    2005-05-01

    The Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) Information Management (IM) services provide information exchange and persistence capabilities that support tailored, dynamic, and timely access to required information, enabling near real-time planning, control, and execution for DoD decision making. JBI IM services will be built on a substrate of network centric core enterprise services and when transitioned, will establish an interoperable information space that aggregates, integrates, fuses, and intelligently disseminates relevant information to support effective warfighter business processes. This virtual information space provides individual users with information tailored to their specific functional responsibilities and provides a highly tailored repository of, or access to, information that is designed to support a specific Community of Interest (COI), geographic area or mission. Critical to effective operation of JBI IM services is the implementation of repositories, where data, represented as information, is represented and persisted for quick and easy retrieval. This paper will address information representation, persistence and retrieval using existing database technologies to manage structured data in Extensible Markup Language (XML) format as well as unstructured data in an IM services-oriented environment. Three basic categories of database technologies will be compared and contrasted: Relational, XML-Enabled, and Native XML. These technologies have diverse properties such as maturity, performance, query language specifications, indexing, and retrieval methods. We will describe our application of these evolving technologies within the context of a JBI Reference Implementation (RI) by providing some hopefully insightful anecdotes and lessons learned along the way. This paper will also outline future directions, promising technologies and emerging COTS products that can offer more powerful information management representations, better persistence mechanisms and improved retrieval techniques.

  13. Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS) is a Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) for the Mathematical Sciences in Canada. The organization's work focuses on "the imperatives of research, education and technology transfer" applied to "the fastest growing sectors of the nation's economy." Currently, its work involves developing mathematical solutions in the areas of Biomedical & Health, Environment & Natural Resources, Information Processing, Risk & Finance, and Communication, Networks & Security. The website describes each of these Scientific Programmes and provides a link to the project website, where the publications resulting from its work are posted. The website is also available in French.

  14. The process of process reengineering: simulation for business processes and information systems design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ray J. Paul; Alan Serrano

    2003-01-01

    Business Process (BP) literature promotes the value of business processes as essential gearwheels that help organizations to reach their goals. Similarly, many process design approaches claim that Information Technology (IT) is a major enabler of business process, a view also shared by the Information Systems (IS) community. Despite this, BP and IS approaches do not provide clear guidance on how

  15. Information services and information processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    Attempts made to design and extend space system capabilities are reported. Special attention was given to establishing user needs for information or services which might be provided by space systems. Data given do not attempt to detail scientific, technical, or economic bases for the needs expressed by the users.

  16. Academic libraries and information technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce E. Massis

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the convergence of the academic library and the information technology departments regarding whether this is, as has been suggested, “an arranged marriage” or a synchronous melding of two related services, and to establish an awareness of the various models resulting from this concept. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form

  17. Information Technology and Disabilities, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Tom, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This document consists of all issues/pages of the electronic journal "Information Technology and Disabilities" published during 1996, i.e., a total of 13 ITD articles: (1) "New CSUF (California State University at Fullerton) Braille Transcription Center Promotes Access to Postsecondary Instructional Materials for the California State University…

  18. Information Technology and Disabilities, 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Tom, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Building an Accessible CD-ROM Reference Station" (Rochelle Wyatt and Charles Hamilton); "Development of an Accessible User Interface for People Who Are Blind or Vision Impaired as Part of the Re-Computerisation of Royal Blind Society…

  19. Academic Integrity and Informational Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plowman, Travis S.

    2000-01-01

    Considers the impact of information technology on academic integrity. Highlights include machines versus man; honor codes and student cheating; copyrights for digital data; authoring versus writing; intuitive software; and an example and analysis of the use of AutoSummary in Microsoft Word 97 to create a summary of a published article. (Contains…

  20. Online Information Technologies Certificate Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yukselturk, Erman

    2005-01-01

    In this study, Information Technologies Certificate Program which is based on synchronous and asynchronous communication methods over the Internet offered by cooperation of Middle East Technical University, Computer Engineering Department and Continuing Education Center were examined. This online certificate program started in May 1998 and it is…

  1. Information Technology; Some Critical Implications for Decision Makers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conference Board, Inc., New York, NY.

    Information technology is the collection, storage, processing, dissemination and use of information. This report is an effort to contribute to the formation of a more comprehensive American view of the implications of information technology and to provide a basis for assessing its future impact. The authors of contributed papers discuss…

  2. ICT Information Communication Technology CollegeofCommunicationandInformation

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    ICT Information Communication Technology CollegeofCommunicationandInformation KEY: # = new course and address their information needs. (Same as IS 201.) #ICT 202 TECHNOLOGIES FOR INFORMATION SERVICES. (3. (Same as IS 202.) #ICT 205 ISSUES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY. (3

  3. Information Technology Policy: Responsible Use of Information Technology Resources Page 1 of 3

    E-print Network

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    Information Technology Policy: Responsible Use of Information Technology Resources Page 1 of 3 Effective: May 1, 2009 Information Technology Policy RESPONSIBLE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESOURCES of information technology to the mission of a modern university. These electronic resources provide vital

  4. New Technology and Manufacturing Processes

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    New Technology and Manufacturing Processes is part of the Pittsburgh Supercomputer Center's (PSC's) annual report for 2002. It is comprised of fifteen articles that describe research and innovations at PSC during the year, including areas of Manufacturing Process Design, Semiconductor Design and Production, Design of New Materials, and Aerospace Engineering and Design. The articles are contributed from many different sources and institutions, but they all worked with PSC to take advantage of its powerful terascale computer system for advanced simulation and analysis.

  5. Nonthermal processing technologies for food

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Looking forward into the future of food science/technology/engineering, in the emerging area of nonthermal processing of foods, is definitely an adventure. It is open-ended and full of uncertainties. Lessons learned from the past should always serve as a good basis for envisioning the future of this...

  6. Novel Technologies for Processing Apples

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The desire to develop methods to use machine vision to simultaneous inspect apples for quality issues and for contamination has resulted in the development of a number of new technologies for processing apples. First, a number of imaging techniques and detection methods were developed under laborato...

  7. Nuclear Technology: Making Informed Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altshuler, Kenneth

    1989-01-01

    Discusses a unit on nuclear technology which is taught in a physics class. Explains the unit design, implementation process, demonstrations used, and topics of discussion that include light and optics, naturally and artificially produced sources of radioactivity, nuclear equations, isotopes and half-lives, and power-generating nuclear reactors.…

  8. Supply Chain and Information Sciences Technology 2010

    E-print Network

    Guiltinan, Mark

    Supply Chain and Information Sciences Technology 2010 Supply Chain and Information Systems Technology Minor SCIST Minor Application Department of Supply Chain & Information Systems College of Information Sciences and Technology Overview The minor in SCIST is structured to provide students not majoring

  9. A STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON BUSINESS PROCESSES USING DISCRETE EVENT SIMULATION: A REPRISE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JULIE EATOCK; RAY J. PAUL; ALAN SERRANO

    Advocates of Business Process (BP) approaches argue that the real value of IT is that it provokes innovative changes in business processes. Despite the fact that many BP and IT academics and practitioners agree on this idea, BP and IT design are still performed separately. Moreover, there is very little research that is concerned with studying the ways in which

  10. Technology Requirements for Information Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graves, Sara; Knoblock, Craig A.; Lannom, Larry

    2002-01-01

    This report provides the results of a panel study conducted into the technology requirements for information management in support of application domains of particular government interest, including digital libraries, mission operations, and scientific research. The panel concluded that it was desirable to have a coordinated program of R&D that pursues a science of information management focused on an environment typified by applications of government interest - highly distributed with very large amounts of data and a high degree of heterogeneity of sources, data, and users.

  11. [Medical publications and information technologies].

    PubMed

    Espinosa-Larrañaga, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    The development of the computer science during the last 30 years has had a very important influence in human life, changing paradigms on all daily activities like public policies, commerce, education and science development. The aim of this editorial is to communicate some considerations about the way the development of technology in information and communication had influenced on the spread of scientific knowledge in its using on medical publications. PMID:23883449

  12. Managing information technology security risk

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gilliam, David

    2003-01-01

    Information Technology (IT) Security Risk Management is a critical task for the organization to protect against the loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability of IT resources. As systems bgecome more complex and diverse and and attacks from intrusions and malicious content increase, it is becoming increasingly difficult to manage IT security risk. This paper describes a two-pronged approach in addressing IT security risk and risk management in the organization: 1) an institutional enterprise appraoch, and 2) a project life cycle approach.

  13. Technology Strategic Plan 2013 2016 Office of Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Brinkmann, Peter

    Technology Strategic Plan 2013 ­ 2016 Office of Information Technology June 2013 #12;2 T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S: - Introduction - - Executive Summary - - Terminology - - A Vision for Technology at the City College of New York - - The Mission of the Office for Technology (OIT) - - Technology Guiding

  14. Microwave waste processing technology overview

    SciTech Connect

    Petersen, R.D.

    1993-02-01

    Applications using microwave energy in the chemical processing industry have increased within the last ten years. Recently, interest in waste treatment applications process development, especially solidification, has grown. Microwave waste processing offers many advantages over conventional waste treatment technologies. These advantages include a high density, leach resistant, robust waste form, volume and toxicity reduction, favorable economics, in-container treatment, good public acceptance, isolated equipment, and instantaneous energy control. The results from the {open_quotes}cold{close_quotes} demonstration scale testing at the Rocky Flats nuclear weapons facility are described. Preliminary results for a transuranic (TRU) precipitation sludge indicate that volume reductions of over 80% are achievable over the current immobilization process. An economic evaluation performed demonstrated cost savings of $11.68 per pound compared to the immobilization process currently in use on wet sludge.

  15. APPLICATION OF CLEAN TECHNOLOGY ON MANGOSTEEN PROCESSING

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suchada Chaisawadi

    2005-01-01

    The objective in this study was waste utilization on mangosteen processing. Application of clean technology has been developed to serve the need of zero discharge during the process. The production process using clean technology on mangosteen processing has been designed. The designed processing in this study consists of freeze drying process and waste utilization process. The freeze drying process has

  16. Environmental effects of information and communications technologies.

    PubMed

    Williams, Eric

    2011-11-17

    The digital revolution affects the environment on several levels. Most directly, information and communications technology (ICT) has environmental impacts through the manufacturing, operation and disposal of devices and network equipment, but it also provides ways to mitigate energy use, for example through smart buildings and teleworking. At a broader system level, ICTs influence economic growth and bring about technological and societal change. Managing the direct impacts of ICTs is more complex than just producing efficient devices, owing to the energetically expensive manufacturing process, and the increasing proliferation of devices needs to be taken into account. PMID:22094696

  17. Tracy Futhey VP of Information Technology

    E-print Network

    McShea, Daniel W.

    Tracy Futhey VP of Information Technology Chief Information Officer Trina Rodriguez Executive, Finance & Administration Chris Meyer Senior Director, Enterprise Services & Support Scooter Freeney Human Resources Manager Evan Levine Assistant Director Debbie DeYulia Director, Customer & Technology Support

  18. Underlying Technical Models for Information Technology Security

    E-print Network

    Underlying Technical Models for Information Technology Security Recommendations of the National U R I T Y Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute for the Nation's measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests, test methods, reference data

  19. Micro/Nano Processing Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ruff, Susan

    This course introduces the theory and technology of micro/nano fabrication. Lectures and laboratory sessions focus on basic processing techniques such as diffusion, oxidation, photolithography, chemical vapor deposition, and more. Through team lab assignments, students are expected to gain an understanding of these processing techniques, and how they are applied in concert to device fabrication. Students enrolled in this course have a unique opportunity to fashion and test micro/nano-devices, using modern techniques and technology.This course features detailed lecture slides in the lecture notes section, along with other lab materials used by students in the course in the labs section. In addition, problem sets with solutions are also provided in the assignments section.

  20. Innovative Technologies for Science Data Processing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Ramachandran; H. T. Conover; S. J. Graves; K. Keiser; M. R. Smith

    2001-01-01

    The Information Technology and Systems Center (ITSC) at the University of Alabama has long been active in information technology research applied to Earth science data. This poster will showcase three key technologies being developed by ITSC: the Earth Science Markup Language (ESML), data mining applied to Earth science data, and data set independent subsetting tools. Each of these technologies is

  1. Information Technology Services (ITS) Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    Brownstone, Rob

    Information Technology Services (ITS) Strategic Plan Release Date August 2010 Empowering the University This is a document intended to guide strategy and operations for information technology at Dalhousie University. It will provide a framework for ITS and information technology deployed and used

  2. Fiscal Year 2009 Office of Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Yorke, James

    UN I VERSITY O F M A RY L A N D 18 56 Fiscal Year 2009 Office of Information Technology of Information Technology: Providing Computing and Communications Resources to the University of Maryland ..................................................................15 Contents Contents #12;Office of Information Technology: Providing Computing and Communications

  3. Finance and Information Technology Financial Transition Training

    E-print Network

    Aronov, Boris

    Finance and Information Technology 1 Financial Transition Training Chartfields And Other Select;Finance and Information Technology NYU's Mission 2 "New York University's mission is to be a top quality students, and providing an intellectually rich environment." #12;Finance and Information Technology How

  4. Optimizing the technological and informational relationship of the health care process and of the communication between physician and patient– Factors that have an impact on the process of diagnosis from the physician's and the patient's perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Purcarea, VL; Petrescu, DG; Gheorghe, IR; Petrescu, CM

    2011-01-01

    Objective: the optimization of a diagnosis process and fluency in the Health Care sector in Romania. A key to discover this complex process was to determine a correlation between the physicians and the use of information technology, on one side and the patients' perspective on the other. Hypothesis: Integrating information technology in a physician's activity will lead to lower costs and less time spent while diagnosing patients. Using the electronic medical records and introducing a unified database with the patients' medical histories will make the process of diagnosis easier. Methods: We studied the diagnosis from the point of view of 304 patients in a public hospital and 320 physicians working there. Results: We believed that time and accessibility to different physicians makes the diagnosis process a burden for a patient and implicitly lead to dissatisfaction with health care services. We supposed that the burden of diagnosis for physicians comes from the lack of Internet connection and computer usage knowledge. We have found out that most physicians know how to use the computer at an intermediate level and have access to Internet, online journals and databases and do not use emails to a higher extent to communicate to other specialists, but do not rely entirely on the electronic medical records. Most physicians think that it is not technology, which stands in the way of proper and fast diagnosis but the financing and the paper work from the Romanian health system. Solutions that might be taken into account to entirely motivate physicians to use electronic medical records are: Adjustments can be made to the computer software interface in order to make the design more consistent (to eliminate the paper forms) and user friendly.Physicians can be provided with more training and knowledge. PMID:21776307

  5. Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

  6. Preparing for a New Century: Information Technology Workforce Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teeter, Thomas A.; Bailey, Janet L.; Cherepski, Don D.; Faucett, John; Hines, Robert J.; Jovanovic, Nickolas S.; Tschumi, Pete; Walker, Jeffery T.; Watson, Gretchen B.

    The purpose of this project was to determine workforce needs in the new information technology/knowledge-based world in order to design a coherent minor program in information technology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for the non-technically oriented college student. The process consisted of three phases: site visits to five…

  7. Microbes in food processing technology.

    PubMed

    Hofstra, H; van der Vossen, J M; van der Plas, J

    1994-10-01

    There is an increasing understanding that the microbial quality of a certain food is the result of a chain of events. It is clear that the microbial safety of food can only be guaranteed when the overall processing, including the production of raw materials, distribution and handling by the consumer are taken into consideration. Therefore, the microbiological quality assurance of foods is not only a matter of control, but also of a careful design of the total process chain. Food industry has now generally adapted quality assurance systems and is implementing the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) concept. Rapid microbiological monitoring systems should be used in these cases. There is a need for rapid and simple microbiological tests which can be adapted to the technology and logistics of specific production processes. Traditional microbiological methods generally do not meet these high requirements. This paper discusses the tests, based on molecular biological principles, to detect and identify microbes in food-processing chains. Tests based on DNA technology are discussed, including in vitro DNA amplification like the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and identifications based on RFLP, RAPD and DNA fingerprinting analysis. PCR-based methodology can be used for the rapid detection of microbes in food manufacturing environments. In addition, DNA fingerprinting methods are suitable for investigating sources and routes of microbial contamination in the food cycle. PMID:7946466

  8. Information Technology Implementation Research: A Technological Diffusion Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Randolph B. Cooper; Robert W. Zmud

    1990-01-01

    Based on the innovation and technological diffusion literatures, promising research questions concerning the implementation of a production and inventory control information system (material requirements planning: MRP) are identified and empirically examined. These questions focus on the interaction of managerial tasks with the information technology and the resulting effect on the adoption and infusion of that technology. Using a random sample

  9. Information Communication Technology Planning in Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malapile, Sandy; Keengwe, Jared

    2014-01-01

    This article explores major issues related to Information Communication Technology (ICT) in education and technology planning. Using the diffusion of innovation theory, the authors examine technology planning opportunities and challenges in Developing countries (DCs), technology planning trends in schools, and existing technology planning models…

  10. Advanced Process Technology: Combi Materials Science and Atmospheric Processing (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-06-01

    Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts -- High-Throughput Combi Material Science and Atmospheric Processing that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

  11. 29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

  12. 29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

  13. 29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

  14. NC State Office of Information Technology PURCHASE REQUEST FORM

    E-print Network

    Liu, Paul

    NC State Office of Information Technology PURCHASE REQUEST FORM Voucher #: Req #: PO#: Other: SHIP North Carolina State University Office of Information Technology Office of Information Technology Campus

  15. UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY

    E-print Network

    Portman, Douglas

    B. Patient Protected Health Information (HIPAA)..................................... 9 C. StudentUNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY Adopted ­ December 12, 2006 Last Revised ­ June 20, 2012 Page 1 of 13 PURPOSE The University of Rochester recognizes the vital role information

  16. Informing Lesson Design with Human Information Processing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gagel, Charles W.

    2005-01-01

    Designing effective instruction is the goal of any instructional designer. This article discusses how lesson design can be enhanced by incorporating certain fundamentals of cognitive psychology. The stages of human information processing and a typical four-step lesson are integrated in a model that can inform instructional design. (Contains 1…

  17. 4. Hardware David Keil Introduction to Information Technology 6/13 David Keil Introduction to Information Technology 6/13 1

    E-print Network

    Keil, David M.

    4. Hardware David Keil Introduction to Information Technology 6/13 David Keil Introduction to Information Technology 6/13 1 David M. Keil, Framingham State University CSCI 120 Introduction to Information Technology 4. Computer hardware 1. Digital processing and representation of information 2. The binary system

  18. Gordon's Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Blog

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Snyder, Gordon F.

    This page presents the blog of Gordon F. Snyder of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, presenting perspectives on the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Industries and Education. Gordon blogs about topics ranging from personal interests, technology and politics, the birth and death of new technologies, and industry developments. In addition to the blog's archives, visitors can find Snyder's photo stream, links to other bloggers of interest, and more information about Gordon himself.

  19. Continuous Variable Quantum Information Processing

    E-print Network

    Ulrik L. Andersen; Gerd Leuchs; Christine Silberhorn

    2010-08-20

    Observables of quantum systems can posses either a discrete or a continuous spectrum. For example, upon measurements of the photon number of a light state, discrete outcomes will result whereas measurements of the light's quadrature amplitudes result in continuous outcomes. If one uses the continuous degree of freedom of a quantum system either for encoding, processing or detecting information, one enters the field of continuous variable (CV) quantum information processing. In this paper we review the basic principles of CV quantum information processing with main focus on recent developments in the field. We will be addressing the three main stages of a quantum informational system; the preparation stage where quantum information is encoded into CVs of coherent states and single photon states, the processing stage where CV information is manipulated to carry out a specified protocol and a detection stage where CV information is measured using homodyne detection or photon counting.

  20. The Language of Information Technology: Accessibility in the Information Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warmkessel, Marjorie M.

    The language of information technology is discussed, with a focus on accessibility in the information society. The metaphors of information technology as an "information superhighway" or "infobahn" are analyzed; limitations of the "road system" and developments of Internet systems are considered. The concept of connectivity of the rhizome in "A…

  1. The Benefits of Information Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kosakowski, John

    2000-01-01

    Summarizes the observed benefits of educational technology implementation. Topics include applications of technology for drill and practice of basic skills; applications to advanced skills; effects of technology on student attitudes; online technologies; use of technology by teachers and administrators; factors that help technology succeed; and…

  2. From Information Technologies to Knowledge Technologies? Jean-Philippe Auzelle, Frdrique Mayer, Pascal Lhoste

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    From Information Technologies to Knowledge Technologies? Jean-Philippe Auzelle, Frédérique Mayer Intelligence, NIAM, ORM. 1. Introduction In the information age, Information and Communication Technologies information, is it possible to imagine that KCT technologies (Knowledge Collaborative Technologies) could

  3. Essays on information, technology and information worker productivity

    E-print Network

    Aral, Sinan

    2007-01-01

    I examine how information technology (IT) skills and use, communication network structures, and the distribution and flow of information in organizations impact individual information worker productivity. The work is divided ...

  4. Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cells (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-06-01

    Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts: Organic Solar Cell that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

  5. Readiness levels for spacecraft information technologies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mackey, R.; Some, R.; Aljabri, A.

    2003-01-01

    Presented in this paper is a modified interpretation of the traditional TRLs aimed solely at information technology. The intent of this new set of definitions is twofold: First, to enable a definitive measurement of progress among developing information technologies for spacecraft; and second, to clarify particular challenges and requirements that must be met as these technologies are validated in increasingly realistic environments.

  6. Evaluation and Assessment in Educational Information Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Leping, Ed.; Johnson, D. LaMont, Ed.; Maddux, Cleborne D., Ed.; Henderson, Norma J., Ed.

    This book contains the following articles on evaluating and assessing educational information technology: (1) "Assessing Learning in the New Age of Information Technology in Education" (Leping Liu, D. LaMont Johnson, Cleborne D. Maddux, and Norma J. Henderson); (2) "Instruments for Assessing the Impact of Technology in Education" (Rhonda…

  7. Federal Information Processing Standards Index.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC.

    Material concerning standardization activities in the area of information processing at the Federal, National and International levels is provided in this publication. Also included are related policy and procedural guideline documents. A list of Federal Government participants involved in the development of Federal Information Processing

  8. French Development Cooperation: A Scientific and Technological Information Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aubrac, Raymond

    1981-01-01

    Describes a project to provide developing countries with access to scientific and technological information produced in connection with French bilateral development cooperation programs. Making an inventory of the available material, the users of the information, processing the information, and the development of a documentation policy are…

  9. Technology Evaluation under Information Inadequacy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles Romito; D. Probert; C. Farrukh

    2007-01-01

    Assessing the benefits of a new technology can be a foremost concern for managers in technologically-intensive companies. Increasingly, technological complexity is combined with higher uncertainty (market and technology) and often decreasing budgets. This is particularly true in the case of converging technologies where markets have yet to fully emerge. The result is a need for ever more efficient resource allocation,

  10. NUMBER: IT 1.00 SECTION: Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    NUMBER: IT 1.00 SECTION: Information Technology SUBJECT: Information Technology Procurement DATE by: William F. Hogue Issued by: Office of Information Technology __________________________________________________________________________ Background: This Information Technology (IT) policy is designed to support the Academic, Research

  11. Robonaut's Flexible Information Technology Infrastructure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Askew, Scott; Bluethmann, William; Alder, Ken; Ambrose, Robert

    2003-01-01

    Robonaut, NASA's humanoid robot, is designed to work as both an astronaut assistant and, in certain situations, an astronaut surrogate. This highly dexterous robot performs complex tasks under telepresence control that could previously only be carried out directly by humans. Currently with 47 degrees of freedom (DOF), Robonaut is a state-of-the-art human size telemanipulator system. while many of Robonaut's embedded components have been custom designed to meet packaging or environmental requirements, the primary computing systems used in Robonaut are currently commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) products which have some correlation to flight qualified computer systems. This loose coupling of information technology (IT) resources allows Robonaut to exploit cost effective solutions while floating the technology base to take advantage of the rapid pace of IT advances. These IT systems utilize a software development environment, which is both compatible with COTS hardware as well as flight proven computing systems, preserving the majority of software development for a flight system. The ability to use highly integrated and flexible COTS software development tools improves productivity while minimizing redesign for a space flight system. Further, the flexibility of Robonaut's software and communication architecture has allowed it to become a widely used distributed development testbed for integrating new capabilities and furthering experimental research.

  12. University of Connecticut Information Technology Security

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    University of Connecticut Information Technology Security Incident Response Plan #12;- i - Revision requirements for the protection of that information on the University. The University has had security of the University. The Information Technology Security Office has created this Incident Response Plan to assist

  13. Simulation for business processes and information systems design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ray J. Paul; Alan Serrano

    2003-01-01

    Business process (BP) literature promotes the value of business processes as essential gearwheels that help organizations to reach their goals. Similarly, many process design approaches claim that information technology (IT) is a major enabler of business process, a view also shared by the information systems (IS) community. Despite this, BP and IS approaches do not provide clear guidance on how

  14. Quantum technology and cryptology for information security

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naqvi, Syed; Riguidel, Michel

    2007-04-01

    Cryptology and information security are set to play a more prominent role in the near future. In this regard, quantum communication and cryptography offer new opportunities to tackle ICT security. Quantum Information Processing and Communication (QIPC) is a scientific field where new conceptual foundations and techniques are being developed. They promise to play an important role in the future of information Security. It is therefore essential to have a cross-fertilizing development between quantum technology and cryptology in order to address the security challenges of the emerging quantum era. In this article, we discuss the impact of quantum technology on the current as well as future crypto-techniques. We then analyse the assumptions on which quantum computers may operate. Then we present our vision for the distribution of security attributes using a novel form of trust based on Heisenberg's uncertainty; and, building highly secure quantum networks based on the clear transmission of single photons and/or bundles of photons able to withstand unauthorized reading as a result of secure protocols based on the observations of quantum mechanics. We argue how quantum cryptographic systems need to be developed that can take advantage of the laws of physics to provide long-term security based on solid assumptions. This requires a structured integration effort to deploy quantum technologies within the existing security infrastructure. Finally, we conclude that classical cryptographic techniques need to be redesigned and upgraded in view of the growing threat of cryptanalytic attacks posed by quantum information processing devices leading to the development of post-quantum cryptography.

  15. Commercial Parts Technology Qualification Processes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cooper, Mark S.

    2013-01-01

    Many high-reliability systems, including space systems, use selected commercial parts (including Plastic Encapsulated Microelectronics or PEMs) for unique functionality, small size, low weight, high mechanical shock resistance, and other factors. Predominantly this usage is subjected to certain 100% tests (typically called screens) and certain destructive tests usually (but not always) performed on the flight lot (typically called qualification tests). Frequently used approaches include those documented in EEE-INST-002 and JPL DocID62212 (which are sometimes modified by the particular aerospace space systems manufacturer). In this study, approaches from these documents and several space systems manufacturers are compared to approaches from a launch systems manufacturer (SpaceX), an implantable medical electronics manufacturer (Medtronics), and a high-reliability transport system process (automotive systems). In the conclusions section, these processes are outlined for all of these cases and presented in tabular form. Then some simple comparisons are made. In this introduction section, the PEM technology qualification process is described, as documented in EEE-INST-002 (written by the Goddard Space Flight Center, GSFC), as well as the somewhat modified approach employed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Approaches used at several major NASA contractors are also described

  16. Optical technologies for quantum information science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwiat, Paul G.; Altepeter, Joseph; Barreiro, Julio; Branning, David A.; Jeffrey, Evan R.; Peters, Nicholas; VanDevender, Aaron P.

    2004-02-01

    A number of optical technologies remain to be developed and optimized for various applications in quantum information processing, especially quantum communication. We will give an overview of our approach to some of these, including periodic heralded single-photon sources based on spontaneous parametric down-conversion, ultrabright sources of tunable entangled photons, near unit efficiency single- and multi-photon detectors based on an atomic vapor interaction, quantum state transducers based on high efficiency frequency up-conversion, and low-loss optical quantum memories.

  17. Information processing, computation, and cognition.

    PubMed

    Piccinini, Gualtiero; Scarantino, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both - although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use 'computation' and 'information processing' to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and foremost, that they are the same thing. In this paper, we address this unsatisfactory state of affairs by presenting a general and theory-neutral account of computation and information processing. We also apply our framework by analyzing the relations between computation and information processing on one hand and classicism, connectionism, and computational neuroscience on the other. We defend the relevance to cognitive science of both computation, at least in a generic sense, and information processing, in three important senses of the term. Our account advances several foundational debates in cognitive science by untangling some of their conceptual knots in a theory-neutral way. By leveling the playing field, we pave the way for the future resolution of the debates' empirical aspects. PMID:22210958

  18. Information processing, computation, and cognition

    PubMed Central

    Scarantino, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both – although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use ‘computation’ and ‘information processing’ to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and foremost, that they are the same thing. In this paper, we address this unsatisfactory state of affairs by presenting a general and theory-neutral account of computation and information processing. We also apply our framework by analyzing the relations between computation and information processing on one hand and classicism, connectionism, and computational neuroscience on the other. We defend the relevance to cognitive science of both computation, at least in a generic sense, and information processing, in three important senses of the term. Our account advances several foundational debates in cognitive science by untangling some of their conceptual knots in a theory-neutral way. By leveling the playing field, we pave the way for the future resolution of the debates’ empirical aspects. PMID:22210958

  19. Information Technology Letter from the Director

    E-print Network

    information technologies to help meet national priorities. For example, ITL cybersecurity experts collaborate to develop cybersecurity standards, guidelines, and associated methods and techniques for federal agencies

  20. Buried waste integrated demonstration technology integration process

    SciTech Connect

    Ferguson, J.S.; Ferguson, J.E.

    1992-04-01

    A Technology integration Process was developed for the Idaho National Energy Laboratories (INEL) Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) Program to facilitate the transfer of technology and knowledge from industry, universities, and other Federal agencies into the BWID; to successfully transfer demonstrated technology and knowledge from the BWID to industry, universities, and other Federal agencies; and to share demonstrated technologies and knowledge between Integrated Demonstrations and other Department of Energy (DOE) spread throughout the DOE Complex. This document also details specific methods and tools for integrating and transferring technologies into or out of the BWID program. The document provides background on the BWID program and technology development needs, demonstrates the direction of technology transfer, illustrates current processes for this transfer, and lists points of contact for prospective participants in the BWID technology transfer efforts. The Technology Integration Process was prepared to ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE`s Office of Technology Development (OTD).

  1. Buried waste integrated demonstration technology integration process

    SciTech Connect

    Ferguson, J.S.; Ferguson, J.E.

    1992-04-01

    A Technology integration Process was developed for the Idaho National Energy Laboratories (INEL) Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) Program to facilitate the transfer of technology and knowledge from industry, universities, and other Federal agencies into the BWID; to successfully transfer demonstrated technology and knowledge from the BWID to industry, universities, and other Federal agencies; and to share demonstrated technologies and knowledge between Integrated Demonstrations and other Department of Energy (DOE) spread throughout the DOE Complex. This document also details specific methods and tools for integrating and transferring technologies into or out of the BWID program. The document provides background on the BWID program and technology development needs, demonstrates the direction of technology transfer, illustrates current processes for this transfer, and lists points of contact for prospective participants in the BWID technology transfer efforts. The Technology Integration Process was prepared to ensure compliance with the requirements of DOE's Office of Technology Development (OTD).

  2. November 2005 ADVISING USERS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    of information about checklists. The Cyber Security Research and Development Act of 2002 designated NIST "toNovember 2005 ADVISING USERS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BBuulllleettiinn SECURING MICROSOFT WINDOWS XP SYSTEMS: NIST RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USING A SECURITY CONFIGURATION CHECKLIST SECURING MICROSOFT

  3. Food Process Engineering Food Safety and Technology

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Food Process Engineering Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology National Center for Food Safety and Technology IIT Moffett Campus 6502 S. Archer Road Summit-Argo, IL 60501 708 Ravishankar The National Center for Food Safety and Technology (NCFST), with IIT faculty, U.S. Food and Drug

  4. Mapping the university technology transfer process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian Harmon; Alexander Ardishvili; Richard Cardozo; Tait Elder; John Leuthold; John Parshall; Michael Raghian; Donald Smith

    1997-01-01

    Transfer of technologies from the universities to the private sector is increasingly regarded as playing a significant role in new business starts, growth of existing businesses, and new job creation. Further, there are monerous models describing the process of technology transfer. Some of the existing models represent this process as a linear progression of steps: from idea generation and technology

  5. Elevator Group Control System Based on Information Fusion Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liting Cao; Jingwen Tian; Zhaoli Zhang

    2008-01-01

    An elevator group control system based on information fusion is presented in this paper. The control system is consisting of data processing unit and elevator dispatching unit mainly. A fuzzy ANN based on data fusion technology is proposed in the data processing unit to process state signals, and the fusion result is used as the input of elevator dispatching unit.

  6. Impact of information technology on medicine

    SciTech Connect

    Shine, K.I.

    1996-12-31

    Although the health sciences will benefit from many of the advances in information technology that are applied to a wide variety of research areas, information technology is of particular importance to health care delivery. Developments of computerized patient records will enhance the efficiency effectiveness, and distribution of health care. As managed care programs develop, population-based information will be of increasing importance to health care providers and to the public health community. The capacity to transmit this information. 3 refs.

  7. Technology for Career Information Delivery. Conference Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimmel, Karen S., Ed.; Blank, Joan C., Ed.

    These proceedings contain 27 papers developed for a conference at which information was provided on currently available and future technological alternatives for delivery of career information. The presentations by staff of State Occupational Information Coordinating Committees, Career Information Delivery Systems, and hardware vendors are grouped…

  8. Multilingualism and Medical Information Processing

    E-print Network

    Zweigenbaum, Pierre

    Topic segmentation and labeling x x x ? x Text summarising X X X X X x Text mining X ? ? x X Question categorization X X Topic segmentation and labeling x X Text summarising X X Text mining X x Question-answering XMultilingualism and Medical Information Processing Pierre Zweigenbaum Information, Written

  9. Missouri Introduction to Materials and Processing Technology. Instructor Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This guide is intended to support a high school specialization course in materials and processing technology. The document contains three sections: (1) information on using the material; (2) a set of instructor guides for eight instructional units; (3) 15 technological activity modules and teacher and student instructions for their use; and (4)…

  10. Information friction : information technology and military performance

    E-print Network

    Lindsay, Jon Randall

    2011-01-01

    Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

  11. Data analysis and research on ZIGBEE wireless sensor network system based on complex event processing technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zheng Jijie; Xiang Xinjian

    2010-01-01

    Data processing technology is a key technology in ZIGBEE wireless sensor network system. Based on the current fact that ZIGBEE wireless sensor network is suffering from data excess and information shortage, this paper introduces the complex event processing technology, takes the angle from the nature of information and event processing, and researches on the data analysis method of ZIGBEE wireless

  12. Application of information technologies in academic libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Faranak Mohsenzadeh; Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The main purpose of this investigation is to define the status of the application of information technology in academic libraries located in Kerman, the center and largest city of Kerman Province, Iran, and to understand the problems and difficulties in using information technology in these libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The survey has covered 17 libraries belonging to Shahid Bahonar

  13. NUMBER: 1626 TITLE: Information Technology Management

    E-print Network

    of Visitors delegates the following general technology management responsibilities to the institutional1626 - 1 NUMBER: 1626 TITLE: Information Technology Management APPROVED: September 9, 2005 I. Definitions A. Board of Visitors - The Rector and Board of Visitors of Old Dominion University. B. Information

  14. Employment, Trends, and Training in Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Benjamin

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, students, workers, and jobseekers have received mixed signals about the job market for information technology. Periods of strong job growth have been punctuated by brief periods of employment declines. Optimism about information technology (commonly referred to as IT) as a career field has been tempered by concerns about job…

  15. Older Adults' Acceptance of Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Lin; Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Salvendy, Gavriel

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated variables contributing to older adults' information technology acceptance through a survey, which was used to find factors explaining and predicting older adults' information technology acceptance behaviors. Four factors, including needs satisfaction, perceived usability, support availability, and public acceptance, were…

  16. InformationTechnology ITCSand Computing Services

    E-print Network

    software), and lynda.com (www.ecu.edu/lynda). Visit the ITCS Training Web site for more informationInformationTechnology ITCSand Computing Services www.ecu.edu/itcs Technology Services at ECU Store up to 40GB of files on your secure ECU Piratedrive (www.ecu.edu/piratedrive), easy to access

  17. Stochastic thermodynamics of information processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cardoso Barato, Andre

    2015-03-01

    We consider two recent advancements on theoretical aspects of thermodynamics of information processing. First we show that the theory of stochastic thermodynamics can be generalized to include information reservoirs. These reservoirs can be seen as a sequence of bits which has its Shannon entropy changed due to the interaction with the system. Second we discuss bipartite systems, which provide a convenient description of Maxwell's demon. Analyzing a special class of bipartite systems we show that they can be used to study cellular information processing, allowing for the definition of an entropic rate that quantifies how much a cell learns about a fluctuating external environment and that is bounded by the thermodynamic entropy production.

  18. Seismic Rayleigh Wave Digital Processing Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jie, Li

    2013-04-01

    In Rayleigh wave exploration, the digital processing of data plays a very important position. This directly affects the interpretation of ground effect. Therefore, the use of accurate processing software and effective method in the Rayleigh wave exploration has important theoretical and practical significance. Previously, Rayleigh wave dispersion curve obtained by the one-dimensional phase analysis. This method requires channel spacing should be less than the effective wavelength. And minimal phase error will cause great changes in the phase velocity of Rayleigh wave. Damped least square method is a local linear model. It is easy to cause that inversion objective function cannot find the global optimal solution. Therefore, the method and the technology used in the past are difficult to apply the requirements of the current Rayleigh wave exploration. This study focused on the related technologies and algorithms of F-K domain dispersion curve extraction and GA global non-linear inversion, and combined with the impact of Rayleigh wave data acquisition parameters and the characteristics. Rayleigh wave exploration data processing software design and process technology research is completed. Firstly, the article describes the theoretical basis of Rayleigh wave method. This is also part of the theoretical basis of following treatment. The theoretical proof of existence of Rayleigh wave Dispersive in layered strata. Secondly, F-K domain dispersion curve extraction tests showed that the method can overcome the one-dimensional digital processing technology deficiencies, and make full use of multi-channel Rayleigh wave data record information. GA global non-linear inversion indicated that the inversion is not easy getting into local optimal solution. Thirdly, some examples illustrate each mode Rayleigh wave dispersion curve characteristics in the X-T domain. Tests demonstrated the impact on their extraction of dispersion curves. Parameters change example (including the X-T removal window, collection order, and channel interval) shows the impact on the F-K domain energy spectrum. The shape of the H-V domain dispersion curve shows the initial inversion model setting method. Some example presented GA inversion parameter settings. Finally, Rayleigh wave exploration data digital processing examples presented software and processing techniques, including data browsing, array parameter, dispersion curves picking, S-wave velocity inversion and profile. The results show that the software is very user-friendly, human-computer interaction and graphical capabilities. F-K domain dispersion curves extraction and the GA global non-linear inversion is very accurate. Wish to make further use of the FV domain frequency dispersion curves extracted, as well as other non-linear inversion method.

  19. UCSB Information Technology Planning Group (ITPG) Adopted August 17, 2009

    E-print Network

    Akhmedov, Azer

    UCSB Information Technology Planning Group (ITPG) Charter Adopted August 17, 2009 August 17, 2009 1 Purpose Through broad campus cooperation, coordination, and consultation, the Information Technology Planning Group provides a campus forum for Information Technology planning, identification of technology

  20. Next generation of transportation & information technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduard Babulak

    2009-01-01

    Transportation and Internet Technologies have evolved dramatically during the last decade, laying solid foundation for the future generation of the Ubiquitous Internet access, omnipresent web technologies and ultimate automated information cyberspace. As a result, the current efforts in the research and development in the areas of Future Transportation and Next Generation of Internet Technologies promotes formation of inter-disciplinary international teams

  1. Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Website

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hardman, John; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The Computing, Information and Communications Technology Program (CICT) was established in 2001 to ensure NASA's Continuing leadership in emerging technologies. It is a coordinated, Agency-wide effort to develop and deploy key enabling technologies for a broad range of mission-critical tasks. The NASA CICT program is designed to address Agency-specific computing, information, and communications technology requirements beyond the projected capabilities of commercially available solutions. The areas of technical focus have been chosen for their impact on NASA's missions, their national importance, and the technical challenge they provide to the Program. In order to meet its objectives, the CICT Program is organized into the following four technology focused projects: 1) Computing, Networking and Information Systems (CNIS); 2) Intelligent Systems (IS); 3) Space Communications (SC); 4) Information Technology Strategic Research (ITSR).

  2. ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Privacy,

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security, Privacy, Information Access technology security incident. A standard Universitywide approach to information security is important the Information Technology Services Office has completed its investigation and authorizes such activity. 3

  3. . BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES, 1

    E-print Network

    Mustakerov, Ivan

    103 . BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES , 1 CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES, 1 . 2002 Institute of Information Technologies, 1113 Sofia Abstract: The paper presents a management information system for the research and development activity of the Institute of Information Technologies (IIT

  4. Faculty of Engineering & Information Technology: Selection Criteria for Undergraduate

    E-print Network

    University of Technology, Sydney

    Faculty of Engineering & Information Technology: Selection Criteria for Undergraduate 2013 Universities Admissions Centre (UAC) Courses ­ Bachelor of Information Technology Selection criteria applying to the Bachelor of Information Technology is outlined below. Course title UAC Code Bachelor of Information

  5. Status recognition technology based on extraction of facial feature information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yu Guofang; Li Jian

    2009-01-01

    A character status recognition technology is studied based on the extraction of facial feature information, i.e., based on the image processing, recognition of person face, and the locating of pupil center, the essential feature information about his\\/her ears, mouth, nose and face outline are extracted. By the use of double group and trip encoding, a compressed chain code with high

  6. Measuring Information Technology Performance: Operational Efficiency and Operational Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Annette G.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation provides a practical approach for measuring operational efficiency and operational effectiveness for IT organizations introducing the ITIL process framework. The intent of the study was to assist Chief Information Officers (CIOs) in explaining the impact of introducing the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL)…

  7. Speckled computing: disruptive technology for networked information appliances

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. K. Arvind; K. J. Wong

    2004-01-01

    Speckled Computing is an emerging technology in which data will be sensed in minute (ultimately around one cubic millimetre) semiconductor grains called Specks. Information will be extracted, exchanged and processed in a collaborative fashion in a wireless network of thousands of Specks, called a Specknet. The impact of Speckled Computing on consumer electronics, especially future information appliances, will be disruptive.

  8. Information Technology in Complex Health Services

    PubMed Central

    Southon, Frank Charles Gray; Sauer, Chris; Dampney, Christopher Noel Grant (Kit)

    1997-01-01

    Abstract Objective: To identify impediments to the successful transfer and implementation of packaged information systems through large, divisionalized health services. Design: A case analysis of the failure of an implementation of a critical application in the Public Health System of the State of New South Wales, Australia, was carried out. This application had been proven in the United States environment. Measurements: Interviews involving over 60 staff at all levels of the service were undertaken by a team of three. The interviews were recorded and analyzed for key themes, and the results were shared and compared to enable a continuing critical assessment. Results: Two components of the transfer of the system were considered: the transfer from a different environment, and the diffusion throughout a large, divisionalized organization. The analyses were based on the Scott-Morton organizational fit framework. In relation to the first, it was found that there was a lack of fit in the business environments and strategies, organizational structures and strategy-structure pairing as well as the management process-roles pairing. The diffusion process experienced problems because of the lack of fit in the strategy-structure, strategy-structure-management processes, and strategy-structure-role relationships. Conclusion: The large-scale developments of integrated health services present great challenges to the efficient and reliable implementation of information technology, especially in large, divisionalized organizations. There is a need to take a more sophisticated approach to understanding the complexities of organizational factors than has traditionally been the case. PMID:9067877

  9. Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company information management technology architecture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. J. Hughes; P. K. S. Lau

    1996-01-01

    The Information Management Technology Architecture (TA) is being driven by the business objectives of reducing costs and improving effectiveness. The strategy is to reduce the cost of computing through standardization. The Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) TA is a set of standards and products for use at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The TA will provide direction for

  10. Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Denning, Peter J.

    1991-01-01

    It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include miniaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is less easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large data sets. Three limiting paradigms are as follows: saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage, and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear model of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

  11. Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Denning, Peter J.

    1990-01-01

    It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include mineaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large datasets. Three limiting paradigms are saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear mode of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

  12. Practicality of quantum information processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lau, Hoi-Kwan

    Quantum Information Processing (QIP) is expected to bring revolutionary enhancement to various technological areas. However, today's QIP applications are far from being practical. The problem involves both hardware issues, i.e., quantum devices are imperfect, and software issues, i.e., the functionality of some QIP applications is not fully understood. Aiming to improve the practicality of QIP, in my PhD research I have studied various topics in quantum cryptography and ion trap quantum computation. In quantum cryptography, I first studied the security of position-based quantum cryptography (PBQC). I discovered a wrong assumption in the previous literature that the cheaters are not allowed to share entangled resources. I proposed entanglement attacks that could cheat all known PBQC protocols. I also studied the practicality of continuous-variable (CV) quantum secret sharing (QSS). While the security of CV QSS was considered by the literature only in the limit of infinite squeezing, I found that finitely squeezed CV resources could also provide finite secret sharing rate. Our work relaxes the stringent resources requirement of implementing QSS. In ion trap quantum computation, I studied the phase error of quantum information induced by dc Stark effect during ion transportation. I found an optimized ion trajectory for which the phase error is the minimum. I also defined a threshold speed, above which ion transportation would induce significant error. In addition, I proposed a new application for ion trap systems as universal bosonic simulators (UBS). I introduced two architectures, and discussed their respective strength and weakness. I illustrated the implementations of bosonic state initialization, transformation, and measurement by applying radiation fields or by varying the trap potential. When comparing with conducting optical experiments, the ion trap UBS is advantageous in higher state initialization efficiency and higher measurement accuracy. Finally, I proposed a new method to re-cool ion qubits during quantum computation. The idea is to transfer the motional excitation of a qubit to another ion that is prepared in the motional ground state. I showed that my method could be ten times faster than current laser cooling techniques, and thus could improve the speed of ion trap quantum computation.

  13. Information Technology Policies. SPEC Kit 218.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leung, Shirley; Bisom, Diane

    The objectives of this survey were: to gather information on the development of institutional information technology policies and guidelines for responsible computing and use of electronic information; to identify the scope of such policies and guidelines; and to determine the role of the library in the development and/or use of the policies and…

  14. Information Technology and the Human Research Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Klee, Margaret

    2002-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews how information technology supports the Human Research Facility (HRF) and specifically the uses that contractor has for the information. There is information about the contractor, the HRF, some of the experiments that were performed using the HRF on board the Shuttle, overviews of the data architecture, and software both commercial and specially developed software for the specific experiments.

  15. Bachelor of Science Information Management and Technology

    E-print Network

    Crowston, Kevin

    of organizations employ information professionals; these organizations include governments, health-care facilities, and information security. As an iSchool student, you must fulfill core course requirements of 24-25 credits, which1 Bachelor of Science Information Management and Technology Advising Handbook 2011

  16. (CICT) Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    VanDalsem, William R.

    2003-01-01

    The goal of the Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) program is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communications technologies. This viewgraph presentation includes diagrams of how the political guidance behind CICT is structured. The presentation profiles each part of the NASA Mission in detail, and relates the Mission to the activities of CICT. CICT's Integrated Capability Goal is illustrated, and hypothetical missions which could be enabled by CICT are profiled. CICT technology development is profiled.

  17. The Center for Environmental Technology Innovative Technology Screening Process

    SciTech Connect

    Bertrand, C.M.

    1995-02-01

    The Center for Environmental Technology`s (CET) mission is to provide a fully integrated system for accelerated evaluation, development, commercialization, and public acceptance of creative environmental solutions which match the foremost demands in today`s environmentally sensitive world. In short, CET will create a means to provide quick, effective solutions for environmental needs. To meet this mission objective, CET has created a unique and innovative approach to eliminating the usual barriers in developing and testing environmental technologies. The approach paves the way for these emerging, cutting-edge technologies by coordinating environmental restoration and waste management activities of industry, universities, and the government to: efficiently and effectively transfer technology to these users, provide market-driven, cost-effective technology programs to the public and DOE, and aid in developing innovative ideas by initiating efforts between DOE facilities and private industry. The central part to this mission is selecting and evaluating specific innovative technologies for demonstration and application at United States Department of Energy (DOE) installations. The methodology and criteria used for this selection, which is called the CET Innovative Technology Screening Process, is the subject of this paper. The selection criteria used for the screening process were modeled after other DOE technology transfer programs and were further developed by CET`s Technology Screening and Evaluation Board (TSEB). The process benefits both CET and the proposing vendors by providing objective selection procedures based on predefined criteria. The selection process ensures a rapid response to proposing vendors, all technologies will have the opportunity to enter the selection process, and all technologies are evaluated on the same scale and with identical criteria.

  18. Health information technology in US emergency departments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel J. Pallin; Ashley F. Sullivan; Rainu Kaushal; Carlos A. Camargo Jr

    2010-01-01

    Background  Information technology may improve patient safety, and is a focus of health care reform. A minority of emergency departments\\u000a (EDs) in Massachusetts, and in academic EDs throughout the US, have electronic health records.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Aims  Assess health information technology adoption in a nationwide sample of EDs.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We surveyed 69 US EDs, asking site investigators about the availability of health information technology in

  19. Women Technology Leaders: Gender Issues in Higher Education Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drury, Marilyn

    2011-01-01

    Women working in higher education information technology (IT) organizations and those seeking leadership positions in these organizations face a double challenge in overcoming the traditionally male-dominated environments of higher education and IT. Three women higher education chief information officers (CIOs) provided their perspectives,…

  20. Cogeneration technology alternatives study. Volume 2: Industrial process characteristics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    Information and data for 26 industrial processes are presented. The following information is given for each process: (1) a description of the process including the annual energy consumption and product production and plant capacity; (2) the energy requirements of the process for each unit of production and the detailed data concerning electrical energy requirements and also hot water, steam, and direct fired thermal requirements; (3) anticipated trends affecting energy requirements with new process or production technologies; and (4) representative plant data including capacity and projected requirements through the year 2000.

  1. Strategic Plan for Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Maroncelli, Mark

    .......................................................................................... 14 Metrics for Teaching, Learning, Communication, and Collaboration ....................................................................................6 E-learning and On-line Presence ....................................................................8 Management of Information and Innovation

  2. ADEPT2 - Next Generation Process Management Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Dadam; M. U. Reichert; S. B. Rinderle; M. Jurisch; H. Acker; K. Göser; U. Kreher; M. Lauer

    2007-01-01

    If current process management systems shall be applied to a broad spectrum of applications, they will have to be significantly improved with respect to their technological capabilities. In particular, in dynamic environments it must be possible to quickly implement and deploy new processes, to enable ad-hoc modifications of single process instances at runtime (e.g., to add, delete or shift process

  3. ADEPT Next Generation Process Management Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manfred Reichert; Stefanie Rinderle; Ulrich Kreher; Hilmar Acker; Markus Lauer; Peter Dadam; N. Boudjlida; N. Guelfi

    2006-01-01

    If current process management systems shall be applied to a broad spectrum of applications, they will have to be significantly improved with respect to their technological capabilities. In particular, in dynamic environments it must be possible to quickly implement and deploy new processes, to enable ad-hoc modifications of single process instances at runtime (e.g., to add, delete or shift process

  4. Brief: Information technology outsourcing -- one company's experience

    SciTech Connect

    Klochko, J.W.; Bester, L.W. (Amoco Canada Petroleum Co. Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

    1994-06-01

    To address the pressures of the 1990's business climate, Amoco Canada Petroleum Co. Ltd. went through an aggressive evaluation and restructuring of its business operations. This precipitated a critical review of its information technology (IT) strategy with a goal of maintaining effectiveness while reducing overall costs. To meet the challenge of substantially reducing expenses while continuing to maintain effective service levels, the company entered a 5-year agreement to outsource its data center and network operations. this paper discusses the business forces that brought Amoco Canada to consider outsourcing, the processes surrounding the outsourcing decision, and the results to date. The authors demonstrate that by understanding the role of IT in its business plans, the company successfully met its outsourcing objectives.

  5. Information Processing Applications: Curriculum Guidelines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia. Div. of Vocational-Technical and Adult Education Services.

    This guide is intended to serve as a resource for business education instructors who are teaching a course in information processing for the automated office. The following topics are covered: program goals, student learning objectives for production applications, an introduction to production applications, a curriculum outline, student learning…

  6. Essays on impact of information technology

    E-print Network

    Bhansali, Sumit Milap

    2007-01-01

    The five essays in this dissertation look at how specific information technologies (such as Electronic Document Management (EDM), Semantic Web and RuleML) and IT in general can be used to automate and standardize data and ...

  7. Essays on information technology and intangible capital

    E-print Network

    Saunders, Adam

    2011-01-01

    This thesis consists of three essays related to information technology and intangible capital. The first essay, "Valuing IT-Related Intangible Capital," examines the value of intangible assets in the firm. Using a panel ...

  8. Information technology and organizational learning: a review and assessment of research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Robey; Marie-Claude Boudreau; Gregory M Rose

    2000-01-01

    This paper reviews and assesses the emerging research literature on information technology and organizational learning. After discussing issues of meaning and measurement, we identify and assess two main streams of research: studies that apply organizational learning concepts to the process of implementing and using information technology in organizations; and studies concerned with the design of information technology applications to support

  9. Information Security Policy Decision Making: An Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Junseok Hwang; Irfan Syamsuddin

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the use of a specific decision support methodology in operational research termed the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). We examine the application of AHP method in guiding information security policy decision making with respect to Indonesia. We suggest four aspects of information security policy, namely management, technology, economy and culture. In addition, information security components derived from literature

  10. Libraries, Self-Censorship, and Information Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buschman, John

    1994-01-01

    Explores the theme of self-censorship in libraries in relation to new technologies. Highlights include the results of investing in high-cost electronic resources at the expense of traditional, lower-status formats; the effect of information technologies on literacy and historical records; and market censorship, including centralization and…

  11. Information Technology: A Year in Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byles, Torrey

    1989-01-01

    Describes developments in information technology during 1988, including new telecommunications and networking services, advances in optical disk technologies, the increased use of facsimile transmissions, and new microcomputer hardware and software products. Litigation within the computer industry is reviewed, and the implications for needed…

  12. Can Free Information Really Accelerate Technology Diffusion?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard D. Morgenstern; Saadeh Al-Jurf

    1999-01-01

    Significant environmental benefits are often associated with the rapid diffusion of new energy-saving technologies. Over the past decade, electric and gas utilities, as well as the federal government, have provided free technical information and, in some cases, direct cash subsidies, to owners of existing commercial buildings to stimulate investment in specific energy-saving technologies. Yet little is known about the effectiveness

  13. OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OUTSOURCING CONTRACTS: AN APPLICATION AND

    E-print Network

    Walden, Eric

    OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OUTSOURCING CONTRACTS: AN APPLICATION AND EXTENSION, TX 79409 Last Revised: February 7, 2003 #12;OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OUTSOURCING of Electronic Commerce and Electronic Markets. #12;OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OUTSOURCING

  14. Understanding learning: Applications to Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Understanding learning: Applications to Information and Communication Technology (ICT to Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and to Environmental Governance & Learning Pathways ................................................................................................................................................... 3 PART I : UNDERSTANDING LEARNING: APPLICATIONS TO INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT

  15. 78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

  16. 17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 false Office of Information Technology. 200.26a Section 200.26a...Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the...

  17. 76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

  18. 29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...ACCESSIBILITY OF COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

  19. 48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

  20. 48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

  1. 48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

  2. 48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

  3. 48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

  4. 48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

  5. ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    ITS POLICIES AND GUIDELINES CATEGORY: Information Technology, Security STATUS: Approved POLICY of the requesting department to send pricing requests to Information Technology Services, have funds available the requesting department should coordinate with Information Technology Services to ensure dependencies

  6. PRESIDENT'S INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Panel on Transforming Health Care

    E-print Network

    Horvitz, Eric

    #12;PRESIDENT'S INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Panel on Transforming Health Care February 2001 Transforming Health Care Through Information Technology REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT #12;c/o National Coordination Office for Information Technology Research & Development 4201 Wilson Boulevard

  7. 2 CFR 200.58 - Information technology systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Information technology systems. 200.58 Section 200...Definitions Acronyms § 200.58 Information technology systems. Information technology systems means computing devices,...

  8. 31 CFR 542.306 - Information and communications technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Information and communications technology. 542.306 Section...Definitions § 542.306 Information and communications technology. The term information and communications technology means any...

  9. DATE: NVLAP LAB CODE: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY TESTING

    E-print Network

    DATE: NVLAP LAB CODE: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY TESTING TEST PROCEDURE SELECTION LIST the Application Supplement on the next pages. #12;DATE: NVLAP LAB CODE: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY TESTING CODE: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY TESTING TEST PROCEDURE SELECTION LIST ­ HEALTHCARE IT TESTING

  10. Technological Change in Written Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Lois M.

    This paper presents an introductory lesson for elementary learners to construct ideas about how print began and about the media upon which it was recorded. In the lesson's introduction, students examine the present state and constant flow of print to which people are exposed, focusing primarily on the technology of the computer. Students examine…

  11. Technology Transfer under Asymmetric Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy T. Gallini; Brian D. Wright

    1990-01-01

    Licensing contracts for newly patented innovations are observed to vary along several dimensions, including the form and size of the payment to the inventor (fixed fee versus some output-based royalty), the degree of exclusivity, and the division of rents. In this article, we show that the form of the contract can be explained by two problems in technology exchange: the

  12. Investigation of materials processing technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barker, Douglas R.; Seetharaman, Venkat; Goetz, Robert

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the work performed in materials processing research over the 45-month period from April 1989 through December 1992. The research work included projects on measuring the interface heat transfer coefficient in casting, predicting macro-segregation in casting, hot extrusion of TiAl alloy, canned extrusion of TiAl with core insulation, visioplasticity study of 6061 Al, cold rolling of Bi-based superconductor, and die design and process modeling of Mg+B4C alloy. The processing work in the Processing Laboratory included 2,357 extrusion, forging, rolling, vacuum arc melting, vacuum induction melting, and evacuation/outgas operations. The Processing Laboratory was also relocated as part of this program and the 700-ton Lombard extrusion press was completely rebuilt and modernized.

  13. Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Integrating Resources by Integrating Information Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

    The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), an organization charged with providing information services to the Department of Defense (DoD) scientific and technical community, actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the technical…

  14. Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT), part of the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program, "supports the development of a highly skilled, educated and diverse process technician workforce for the chemical manufacturing, refining, oil and gas production, and pharmaceutical manufacturing industry sectors. To accomplish this, CAPT focuses on three models: one for pre-hire education in process technology (PTEC), one for new hire training, and one for incumbent training." On this page, visitors will find curriculum materials and products, professional development opportunities, and process technology career information. In the Marketing section, there are a host of publications including the CAPT newsletter, presentations, press releases, a marketing toolkit, student success stories, and other CAPT publications.

  15. Rail Technology and Systems Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website from Federal Transit Administration reviews some of the challenges involved in subway design. On this page, visitors will find the aims of the program as well as further research and reports regarding the sharing of tracks between transit and freight railroads, tunnel design and construction, and subway environment simulation. There is also a link to the May 2005 final report on the General Atomics Low Speed Maglev Technology Development Program, a 174-page pdf.

  16. Information technology, the humanities and the library

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brendan Loughridge

    1989-01-01

    Some current computer-based projects in humanities re search and teaching are reviewed and the implications for the future development of library and information services to humanities scholars and for the professional education of librarians are considered. It is concluded that the penetration of information technology into humanities research and teach ing activities and the development of the concept of the

  17. Governance Mechanisms in Information Technology Outsourcing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravindran, Kiron

    2010-01-01

    While the dominance of Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) as a sourcing strategy would seem to indicate successful and well-informed practice, frequent examples of unraveled engagements highlight the associated risks. Successful instances of outsourcing suggest that governance mechanisms effectively manage the related risks. This…

  18. Applications of Optical Technology: Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, Mary Ann

    1991-01-01

    Discusses applications of optical technology, especially CD-ROMs, to information management needs. Information retrieval problems are discussed; design questions that concern the format of the data, indexing methods, and retrieval capabilities are presented; the need for updates is considered; access requirements are discussed; and the importance…

  19. Health Information Technology and Nursing Homes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Darren

    2009-01-01

    Nursing homes are considered lagging behind in adopting health information technology (HIT). Many studies have highlighted the use of HIT as a means of improving health care quality. However, these studies overwhelmingly do not provide empirical information proving that HIT can actually achieve these improvements. The main research goal of this…

  20. Information Technology and the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Searles, John E.

    1983-01-01

    The information revolution is making various impacts on social studies. Students are children of this age and are learning social ideas from technology. The information revolution should be part of the social studies curriculum. Unresolved questions (e.g., Who should write computer software?) and some thoughts on the future are discussed. (RM)

  1. Information Technology, Intellectual Property, and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Steven W.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses issues affecting the fields of information technology, intellectual property, and education. Four main needs are addressed: (1) new economic mechanisms beyond copyright and patent; (2) new codes of ethics for education; (3) effective representation for creator/producers and users of information; and (4) a forum for the voice of…

  2. New Technology, Information Access and Educational Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clyde, Anne

    1992-01-01

    Discussion of the use of technology in Australian schools to improve information access and educational outcomes focuses on the impact on school library resource centers. Topics discussed include online information services; electronic bulletin boards; electronic mail via microcomputers; and optical storage media, including CD-ROM, hypermedia, and…

  3. Projektbeteiligte Fachgebiet Business Process Technology

    E-print Network

    Weske, Mathias

    mitverfolgen. Da der Editor auf jedem Computer direkt im Web-Browser läuft, kann jeder von jedem Punkt der Welt das Diagramm bearbeiten. Damit macht der processWave.org Edi- tor weltweit verteilte Zusammenarbeit so

  4. Separation process using microchannel technology

    DOEpatents

    Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Bothell, WA); Lamont, Michael Jay (Hilliard, OH); Burwell, Deanna (Cleveland Heights, OH); Dritz, Terence Andrew (Worthington, OH); McDaniel, Jeffrey S. (Columbus, OH); Rogers, Jr.; William A. (Marysville, OH); Silva, Laura J. (Dublin, OH); Weidert, Daniel J. (Lewis Center, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Chadwell, G. Bradley (Reynoldsburg, OH)

    2009-03-24

    The disclosed invention relates to a process and apparatus for separating a first fluid from a fluid mixture comprising the first fluid. The process comprises: (A) flowing the fluid mixture into a microchannel separator in contact with a sorption medium, the fluid mixture being maintained in the microchannel separator until at least part of the first fluid is sorbed by the sorption medium, removing non-sorbed parts of the fluid mixture from the microchannel separator; and (B) desorbing first fluid from the sorption medium and removing desorbed first fluid from the microchannel separator. The process and apparatus are suitable for separating nitrogen or methane from a fluid mixture comprising nitrogen and methane. The process and apparatus may be used for rejecting nitrogen in the upgrading of sub-quality methane.

  5. Process Guide for Deburring Technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Frey, David L.

    2012-10-25

    This report is an updated and consolidated view of the current deburring processes at the Kansas City Plant (KCP). It includes specific examples of current burr problems and the methods used for their detection. Also included is a pictorial review of the large variety of available deburr tools, along with a complete numerical listing of existing tools and their descriptions. The process for deburring all the major part feature categories is discussed.

  6. Wireless technologies for logistic distribution process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Win-Bin See

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the integration of logistic management with information and communication technologies to largely improve the effectiveness of logistic fleet operations. The work presented here shows a real-world fleet management system that integrates mobile communication and supports real-time logistic information flow management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – First, the application of information and mobile communication

  7. Center for Women and Information Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Center for Women and Information Technology (CWIT), located at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, was named "the best resource on women and technology on the Web" by ABCNews.com. The center's primary goal is to promote women's involvement in the IT industry. CWIT's Web site provides a wealth of information for women, ranging from learning the basics of computers to IT training and certification. Women considering IT as a field of study will also find information on financial aid and the CWIT Scholars Program. There is a list of books and many links to news articles about women and IT that are both interesting and insightful. .

  8. Alternative Technologies for Information Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farquhar, J. A.; Dei Rossi, J. A.

    The paper concerns some of the economic considerations inherent in designing user services that incorporate various communication systems. It describes three such services considered important in providing information to the biomedical community comprised of practicing physicians and those engaged in teaching and research, as well as other…

  9. BACHELOR OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (BIT)

    E-print Network

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    ; the online portfolio must be completed by the same date. Admissions Committee School of Information modelling architectural design collage, craft design digital artwork drawing game design graphic design multimedia design painting photography sculpture set design traditional artwork video/visual effects video

  10. Port security and information technology

    E-print Network

    Petrakakos, Nikolaos Harilaos

    2005-01-01

    The terrorist attacks of September 11th 2001 on New York and Washington DC shed light on the many security shortcomings that sea ports and the entire import and export process face. A primary source of these problems is ...

  11. Autotrophic Ammonia Removal Processes: Ecology to Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samik Bagchi; Rima Biswas; Tapas Nandy

    2012-01-01

    The last decade has witnessed rapid spur in technoeconomic autotrophic ammonia removal technologies for wastewater treatment such as SHARON, ANAMMOX, SNAD, CANON, OLAND, DEMON, and BABE. These technologies have the potential to remove high concentrations of ammonia in wastewaters. Despite their high removal efficiency, the quantum of full-scale applications of these processes is far from trivial. The issues that create

  12. Process Analytical Technology in biopharmaceutical manufacturing

    E-print Network

    Cosby, Samuel T. (Samuel Thomas)

    2013-01-01

    Process Analytical Technology (PAT) became a well-defined concept within the pharmaceutical industry as a result of a major initiative by the FDA called "Pharmaceutical cGMPs for the 21st Century: A Risk-Based Approach." ...

  13. Understanding technology development processes theory & practice

    E-print Network

    Oswald, W. Andrew (William Andrew)

    2013-01-01

    Technology development is hard for management to understand and hard for practitioners to explain, however it is an essential component of innovation. While there are standard and predictable processes for product development, ...

  14. Methodology to manage process technology innovation

    E-print Network

    Schweizer, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    The research conducted for this thesis was performed at "Company X", a U.S.-based engineered goods manufacturer. This project focused on the company's Advanced Manufacturing group and its process technology development ...

  15. Information technology and scientific and technical information in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zi-guang Bai

    1992-01-01

    When China began to carry out its policy of reform and opening up to the outside world, the rapid development of the national economy and science and technology called for the development of scientific and technical information activities. One of the most significant trends in the development of modern scientific and technical information activities in the world is the application

  16. New information and communication technologies and community radio stations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy Lee Coates

    2005-01-01

    This is an investigation of the diffusion of new information and communication technologies (ICTs), particularly the Internet, by community broadcasting organisations.\\u000aIn order to understand ICT diffusion processes in community radio stations, this study focuses on a particular project which saw a large scale diffusion of Internet technologies across Australian community radio stations at the beginning of 1998. The Community

  17. University of Alberta Information Technology

    E-print Network

    MacMillan, Andrew

    on Versions 1.5 and 1.6 of the plan. To date the IT Plan has received input from: ­ IT Committee ­ Faculty-based and suggestions regarding the plan can be made by completing an on-line questionnaire at: www.vpit.ualberta.ca/planning/feedback.php.ualberta.ca/~univhall/vp/vpa/Committees&TaskForces/ROSC.pdf) FB ICT Committee ­ Faculty-based Information

  18. Electrochromic Windows: Advanced Processing Technology

    SciTech Connect

    SAGE Electrochromics, Inc

    2006-12-13

    This project addresses the development of advanced fabrication capabilities for energy saving electrochromic (EC) windows. SAGE EC windows consist of an inorganic stack of thin films deposited onto a glass substrate. The window tint can be reversibly changed by the application of a low power dc voltage. This property can be used to modulate the amount of light and heat entering buildings (or vehicles) through the glazings. By judicious management of this so-called solar heat gain, it is possible to derive significant energy savings due to reductions in heating lighting, and air conditioning (HVAC). Several areas of SAGE’s production were targeted during this project to allow significant improvements to processing throughput, yield and overall quality of the processing, in an effort to reduce the cost and thereby improve the market penetration. First, the overall thin film process was optimized to allow a more robust set of operating points to be used, thereby maximizing the yield due to the thin film deposition themselves. Other significant efforts aimed at improving yield were relating to implementing new procedures and processes for the manufacturing process, to improve the quality of the substrate preparation, and the quality of the IGU fabrication. Furthermore, methods for reworking defective devices were developed, to enable devices which would otherwise be scrapped to be made into useful product. This involved the in-house development of some customized equipment. Finally, the improvements made during this project were validated to ensure that they did not impact the exceptional durability of the SageGlass® products. Given conservative estimates for cost and market penetration, energy savings due to EC windows in residences in the US are calculated to be of the order 0.026 quad (0.026×1015BTU/yr) by the year 2017.

  19. The NASA Integrated Information Technology Architecture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baldridge, Tim

    1997-01-01

    This document defines an Information Technology Architecture for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), where Information Technology (IT) refers to the hardware, software, standards, protocols and processes that enable the creation, manipulation, storage, organization and sharing of information. An architecture provides an itemization and definition of these IT structures, a view of the relationship of the structures to each other and, most importantly, an accessible view of the whole. It is a fundamental assumption of this document that a useful, interoperable and affordable IT environment is key to the execution of the core NASA scientific and project competencies and business practices. This Architecture represents the highest level system design and guideline for NASA IT related activities and has been created on the authority of the NASA Chief Information Officer (CIO) and will be maintained under the auspices of that office. It addresses all aspects of general purpose, research, administrative and scientific computing and networking throughout the NASA Agency and is applicable to all NASA administrative offices, projects, field centers and remote sites. Through the establishment of five Objectives and six Principles this Architecture provides a blueprint for all NASA IT service providers: civil service, contractor and outsourcer. The most significant of the Objectives and Principles are the commitment to customer-driven IT implementations and the commitment to a simpler, cost-efficient, standards-based, modular IT infrastructure. In order to ensure that the Architecture is presented and defined in the context of the mission, project and business goals of NASA, this Architecture consists of four layers in which each subsequent layer builds on the previous layer. They are: 1) the Business Architecture: the operational functions of the business, or Enterprise, 2) the Systems Architecture: the specific Enterprise activities within the context of IT systems, 3) the Technical Architecture: a common, vendor-independent framework for design, integration and implementation of IT systems and 4) the Product Architecture: vendor=specific IT solutions. The Systems Architecture is effectively a description of the end-user "requirements". Generalized end-user requirements are discussed and subsequently organized into specific mission and project functions. The Technical Architecture depicts the framework, and relationship, of the specific IT components that enable the end-user functionality as described in the Systems Architecture. The primary components as described in the Technical Architecture are: 1) Applications: Basic Client Component, Object Creation Applications, Collaborative Applications, Object Analysis Applications, 2) Services: Messaging, Information Broker, Collaboration, Distributed Processing, and 3) Infrastructure: Network, Security, Directory, Certificate Management, Enterprise Management and File System. This Architecture also provides specific Implementation Recommendations, the most significant of which is the recognition of IT as core to NASA activities and defines a plan, which is aligned with the NASA strategic planning processes, for keeping the Architecture alive and useful.

  20. Information Receiving: A Primary Mode of the Information Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giannini, Tula

    1998-01-01

    This study, based on a survey of 40 library/information science students and observations made from online information retrieval instruction, focuses on information receiving, one of the three primary modes of the Information Process. Compares the modes of the Information Process and examines the role of the World Wide Web. (Author/AEF)

  1. Directed-energy process technology efforts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alexander, P.

    1985-01-01

    A summary of directed-energy process technology for solar cells was presented. This technology is defined as directing energy or mass to specific areas on solar cells to produce a desired effect in contrast to exposing a cell to a thermal or mass flow environment. Some of these second generation processing techniques are: ion implantation; microwave-enhanced chemical vapor deposition; rapid thermal processing; and the use of lasers for cutting, assisting in metallization, assisting in deposition, and drive-in of liquid dopants. Advantages of directed energy techniques are: surface heating resulting in the bulk of the cell material being cooler and unchanged; better process control yields; better junction profiles, junction depths, and metal sintering; lower energy consumption during processing and smaller factory space requirements. These advantages should result in higher-efficiency cells at lower costs. The results of the numerous contracted efforts were presented as well as the application potentials of these new technologies.

  2. BATEC Information Technology Workforce Skills Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Broadening Advanced Technological Education Connections (BATEC) is a regional partnership between business, industry, government and community that is a development system for information technology. This system is an attempt to attract a diverse workforce for the promotion of lifelong learning in this discipline. This specific resource explores "the implications of the shift in corporate valuation from physical to intellectual capital for technical workers, and provides detailed suggestions regarding the responses required for education at all levels that educates our technological workforce." The PDF is broken down into a research methodology, data presentation, findings/observations, regional employment outlook and conclusions/recommendations. This study is a thorough introduction into professional development in the field of information technology.

  3. Information fusion technology on signal analysis of chrysanthemum coronarium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lanzhou Wang; Qiao Li

    2010-01-01

    The information fusion technology was used for processing plant electrical signals. Weak electrical signals of the plant were tested by a touching test system of self-made double shields with platinum sensors. Tested data of electrical signals were denoised with the wavelet soft threshold. A novel autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model of weak electric signals of Chrysanthemum coronarium was constructed

  4. Information technology adoption in SMEs: an integrated framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ThuyUyen H. Nguyen

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The aim of this research is to gain a clearer understanding of information technology (IT) adoption in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) by analysing and contrasting the current literature. Whilst describing how and why SMEs acquire IT, the paper also seeks to highlight the enablers as well as the inhibitors that influence the adoption process. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

  5. How Information Technology Can Enable 21st Century Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolderie, Ted; McDonald; Tim

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, the information technology (IT) revolution has transformed American industry--leading to new types of work processes and business organizations, and increased productivity and consumer innovations--but by and large, this game-changer has bypassed America's schools. Virtually all K-12 schools in the country are connected to the…

  6. How to access treatment technology information

    SciTech Connect

    Hsu, K.F.; Sullivan, D.A.

    1995-09-01

    In this information age, there is a wealth of data on innovative treatment technologies being created at a very fast pace. The exchange of new information via telecommunication is prompt and far-reaching. For environmental protection and health and risk-related issues, there are quite a number of databases developed by US EPA currently available, both as on-line search systems and as discrete diskette-based databases. However, when it comes to the issues and problems of treatment and remediation of hazardous wastes, EPA`s ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) database (DB) was developed to provide convenient one-stop shopping for the most recent information on alternative methods to treat hazardous wastes. Whether your issue is pollution prevention, waste treatment, clean-up operations, decontamination or one of a number of treatment technologies (thermal, solidification and stabilization, physical, chemical or biological remediation), ATTIC can offer you relevant information. Access to this information is free of charge and available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. You can use your personal computer (PC) to conduct an on-line search of ATTIC. The desired information then can be flagged for downloading from the centralized ATTIC computer to your own PC.

  7. TEXACO GASIFICATION PROCESS - INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report summarizes the evaluation of the Texaco Gasification Process (TGP) conducted under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program. The Texaco Gasification Process was developed by Texaco Inc. The TGP is a comm...

  8. NUMBER: IT 1.06 SECTION: Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Morgan, Stephen L.

    1 NUMBER: IT 1.06 SECTION: Information Technology SUBJECT: Acceptable Use of Information Technology Authorized by: William F. Hogue Issued by: Office of Information Technology I. Policy All users of University information technology resources must adhere to applicable state and federal laws, statutes, and regulations

  9. CHAPTER 7: CROSS-CAMPUS ELEMENTS E. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Mullins, Dyche

    CHAPTER 7: CROSS-CAMPUS ELEMENTS 242 E. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BACKGROUND Information technology resources at UCSF with resources world- wide. Information technology refers to voice, data and video, configuration, and technology used) and protocols (the standards that computers use to exchange information

  10. Harvard Medical School Information Technology Department Welcome from the Harvard Medical School Information Technology Department! Information on this page will

    E-print Network

    Chou, James

    Harvard Medical School Information Technology Department Welcome from the Harvard Medical School Information Technology Department! Information on this page will familiarize you with how to obtain access registrar@hms.harvard.edu. HSDM Students' Registrar Office at 617-432-8243 School of Public Health Human

  11. Rutgers Business School Master of Information Technology Program Learning Goals

    E-print Network

    Rutgers Business School Master of Information Technology Program Learning Goals 1. Communication to find innovative solutions. 4. Business Technology Knowledge Learning Goal Students graduating Skills Learning Goal Students graduating with a Master of Information Technology degree will be able

  12. 48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a) To...electronic and information technology (EIT) that meet the applicable...26 Desktop and portable computers ___ 1194.31 Functional...attachment of an assistive technology device, but merely...

  13. 48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a) To...electronic and information technology (EIT) that meet the applicable...26 Desktop and portable computers ___ 1194.31 Functional...attachment of an assistive technology device, but merely...

  14. 48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a) To...electronic and information technology (EIT) that meet the applicable...26 Desktop and portable computers ___ 1194.31 Functional...attachment of an assistive technology device, but merely...

  15. Information systems to enhance technology exchange

    SciTech Connect

    Hunter, T.; Harrington, M.; Harlan, C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Drozhko, E. [MAYAK Production Association (United States)

    1994-03-01

    A fundamental part of international technology exchange is the compilation and dissemination of information. Worldwide environmental problems and technology development activities form the basis for important opportunities across the world and especially for those in the former Soviet Union. Recently, important agreements have been reached among Russian institutes engaged in environmental work and the US Department of Energy (DOE) and its national laboratories. These agreements will allow a systematic compilation of information on environmental contamination problems in Russia that can be included in DOE`s environmental information systems. A computer hardware and software system has been loaned to Russian scientists by the DOE for the sharing of environmental software and data, while establishing standards for future information networks.

  16. Modernization and new technologies: Coping with the information explosion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blados, Walter R.; Cotter, Gladys A.

    1993-01-01

    Information has become a valuable and strategic resource in all societies and economies. Scientific and technical information is especially important in developing and maintaining a strong national science and technology base. The expanding use of information technology, the growth of interdisciplinary research, and an increase in international collaboration are changing characteristics of information. This modernization effort applies new technology to current processes to provide near-term benefits to the user. At the same time, we are developing a long-term modernization strategy designed to transition the program to a multimedia, global 'library without walls'. Notwithstanding this modernization program, it is recogized that no one information center can hope to collect all the relevant data. We see information and information systems changing and becoming more international in scope. We are finding that many nations are expending resources on national systems which duplicate each other. At the same time that this duplication exists, many useful sources of aerospace information are not being collected to cover expanded sources of information. This paper reviews the NASA modernization program and raises for consideration new possibilities for unification of the various aerospace database efforts toward a cooperative international aerospace database initiative, one that can optimize the cost/benefit equation for all participants.

  17. A study on information hiding technology in image encoding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Li; Yao, Zhihai; Wu, Haitao; Dai, Qiang

    2005-02-01

    Information hiding is a new technology which integrates with theories and technologies of many academic and technical subjects. For information hiding, digital media are used as the carrier of the information to be hidden. The carrier conceals secret messages by covering the form of their existence. In this paper, we briefly introduce the definition, basic models and basic characters of information hiding. The application and research trends for information hiding system are concerned. The information hiding technology based on digital image processing is closely related to human vision system. When the messages are having been concealed, the human eyes are due to verify the existence of hiding messages. That is, the status of information coverage depends on the human vision system. It is obvious that the characteristics of human vision system is to be taken advantage. The added secrete information in the digital image should have no any effect onto human eyes. In our research work, an implementation of information hiding technology system which is based on digital image encoding is proposed. First by analyzing knowledge of digital image processing and the model of human vision system, we discussed the algorithm of time domain appending method and the algorithm of substitution of lease significant bit. Secondly, we analyzed theory and algorithms of 2-D discrete wavelet transform and frequency domain algorithm based on discrete wavelet transformation. Carefully design software for information hiding based on digital image using Microsoft Visual C++6.0 is implemented. The communication with hiding messages may use any format of images such as BMP. It is proved to be an effective application.

  18. Risk Evaluation Process Model of Information Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liu Jing

    2009-01-01

    The risk assessment applied in information technology is the information security risk evaluation. A modeling method of security system that is suitable to description results and restriction of information and to modeling form and control of distributed system is put forward based on the analysis of the concept of security system risk evaluation in the field of information security. A

  19. A Computer-Assisted Approach for Conducting Information Technology Applied Instructions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Pei Jin; Yang, Tzu-Chi

    2009-01-01

    The growing popularity of computer and network technologies has attracted researchers to investigate the strategies and the effects of information technology applied instructions. Previous research has not only demonstrated the benefits of applying information technologies to the learning process, but has also revealed the difficulty of applying…

  20. Nonthermal processing technologies as food safety intervention processes

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Foods should provide sensorial satisfaction and nutrition to people. Yet, foodborne pathogens cause significant illness and lose of life to human kind every year. A processing intervention step may be necessary prior to the consumption to ensure the safety of foods. Nonthermal processing technologi...

  1. Report of the Panel on Computer and Information Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lundstrom, Stephen F.; Larsen, Ronald L.

    1984-01-01

    Aircraft have become more and more dependent on computers (information processing) for improved performance and safety. It is clear that this activity will grow, since information processing technology has advanced by a factor of 10 every 5 years for the past 35 years and will continue to do so. Breakthroughs in device technology, from vacuum tubes through transistors to integrated circuits, contribute to this rapid pace. This progress is nearly matched by similar, though not as dramatic, advances in numerical software and algorithms. Progress has not been easy. Many technical and nontechnical challenges were surmounted. The outlook is for continued growth in capability but will require surmounting new challenges. The technology forecast presented in this report has been developed by extrapolating current trends and assessing the possibilities of several high-risk research topics. In the process, critical problem areas that require research and development emphasis have been identified. The outlook assumes a positive perspective; the projected capabilities are possible by the year 2000, and adequate resources will be made available to achieve them. Computer and information technology forecasts and the potential impacts of this technology on aeronautics are identified. Critical issues and technical challenges underlying the achievement of forecasted performance and benefits are addressed.

  2. INFORMATION SYSTEMS SUPPORT FOR MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

    E-print Network

    1 INFORMATION SYSTEMS SUPPORT FOR MANUFACTURING PROCESSES The standard S95 perspective Keywords: Manufacturing Enterprises, Enterprise Resource Planning, Manufacturing Execution Systems, Discrete Processes, Continuous Processes, Batch Processes, Manufacturing Systems Integration. Abstract: During the last years

  3. Prioritizing Information Technology Investments: Assessing the Correlations among Technological Readiness, Information Technology Flexibility, and Information Technology Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walter, John T.

    2010-01-01

    Management's dilemma, when allocating financial resources towards the improvement of technological readiness and IT flexibility within their organizations, is to control financial risk and maximize IT effectiveness. Technological readiness is people's propensity to embrace and use technology. Its drivers are optimism, innovativeness, discomfort,…

  4. Introduction David Keil Introduction to Information Technology 7/13 D. Keil Introduction to Information Technology 7/13 1

    E-print Network

    Keil, David M.

    Introduction David Keil Introduction to Information Technology 7/13 D. Keil Introduction to Information Technology 7/13 1 David M. Keil, Framingham State University CSCI 120 Introduction to Information Technology Introduction 1. What this course offers 2. What is information technology? 3. How this course

  5. Introduction David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 1

    E-print Network

    Keil, David M.

    Introduction David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 1 David M. Keil, Framingham State University CSCI 135 Information Technology and Society Introduction 1. What this course offers 2. How it delivers 3. What is information technology? 4. Sources

  6. 76 FR 66327 - Iron Mountain Information Management, Inc., Corporate Service Group, Information Technology (IT...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-26

    ...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division, Including On-Site Leased...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division, including on-site leased...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division. The Department has...

  7. 77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee: Request for Comment...Health Records (EHRs) AGENCY: Health Information Technology (HIT) Policy Committee, Office of...

  8. 75 FR 47631 - Swets Information Services, Operations Department, Information Technology Group, Marketing Group...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-06

    ...Information Technology Group, Marketing Group, Finance Group, Runnemede...Information Technology (IT) Group...Group and the Finance Group into one...Information Technology Group, Marketing Group, and Finance Group,...

  9. Policy 3505 Information Technology Security 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Policy 3505 ­ Information Technology Security 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY University Policy Policy #3505 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY POLICY Responsible Oversight Executive: Vice President Code of Practice for Information Security Management (ISO/IEC 27002:2005) The international standard

  10. Cities in the Information Technology & People,

    E-print Network

    Sahay, Sundeep

    Cities in the developing world 273 Information Technology & People, Vol. 14 No. 3, 2001, pp. 273-286. # MCB University Press, 0959-3845 Cities in the developing world Linking global and local networks urbanization is transforming the developing world ± creating cities, which on the one hand offer opportunities

  11. Campus Computer Store Information Technology Services

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Campus Computer Store Information Technology Services 20 Place Riel, 1 Campus Drive 966-8375 ccs Computer Store is administering a license for SAS. It is licensed on a yearly pro-rated basis as outlined: _____________________________________________________ Student Number (if applicable): _______________________________________________ Location of Computer

  12. Myths and Symbols of Information Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talbert, Roy, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Concepts and symbols of the language of information techology are examined, including the concept of a technological revolution, a literacy crisis, the presumption of a moral and ethical dilemma, orientation toward the future, the promise of productivity, the image of an elite using an unintelligible language, and the symbol of the infallible…

  13. Exploring Hospitals' Adoption of Information Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. E. Burke; B. B. L. Wang; T. T. H. Wan; M. L. Diana

    2002-01-01

    This study explores the adoption of information technology (IT) and the association between organizational and market factors, and IT adoption in hospitals. Results suggest that a wide range of amounts and types of IT are adopted. Hospitals with higher overall IT adoption adopt strategic IT most often. Hospitals with lower IT adoption adopt administrative IT most often. Results also show

  14. Making Sense of Health Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitzmiller, Rebecca Rutherford

    2012-01-01

    Background: Hospital adoption of health information technology (HIT) systems is promoted as essential to decreasing medical error and their associated 44,000 annual deaths and $17 billion in healthcare costs (Institute of Medicine, 2001; Kohn, Corrigan, & Donaldson, 1999). Leading national healthcare groups, such as the Institute of Medicine,…

  15. Technology Assessment and Federal Information Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenbeis, Kathleen

    1988-01-01

    Describes the role and purpose of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) and its relationship to Congress. A chain of congressional activities is developed which links the major events within selected committees to the current OTA assessment of federal information dissemination, and issues and implications of this study are addressed. (14…

  16. The Cognitive Ergonomics Laboratory NSF Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Kaber, David B.

    The Cognitive Ergonomics Laboratory NSF Information Technology Research (ITR) Annual Review David B Ergonomics Laboratory #12;Research Assistants w Becca Green (IE) - Cognitive task analysis (CTA); abstraction URO (funded by SMV): n Complimentary research - "Physio-ergonomic Optimized Human-machine Interfaces

  17. Governance Methods Used in Externalizing Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Steven King-Lun

    2012-01-01

    Information technology (IT) is the largest capital expenditure in many firms and is an integral part of many organizations' strategies. However, the benefits that each company receives from its IT investments vary. One study by Weill (2004) found that the top performer in the sample was estimated to have as high as a 40% greater return on its…

  18. ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Jiménez, Mario de J. Pérez

    ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume 17, Number 1, 2014, 89­102 A P with some new ingredients. In addition, a new built-in simulation algorithm that has been added to the core, a programming language, P­Lingua [1, 11], was designed. The authors of P-Lingua developed a Java library

  19. Information Technology Support Services: Crisis or Opportunity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yohe, J. Michael

    1996-01-01

    Information technology services on campuses are in crisis, due to dramatically increased expectations and stable or dwindling funding. The situation can be improved and service effectiveness enhanced by controlling expectations, reducing work, getting help (student volunteers, experiential learning programs, local experts, consultants, faculty and…

  20. Critical Theory, Information Society and Surveillance Technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony Fitzpatrick

    2002-01-01

    This article offers an account of information and communication technologies (ICTs) that draws upon the tradition of critical theory, arguing that an application of the latter to the former can be categorized as a theory of 'cyber criticalism'. Its aim is not to provide an exhaustive theoretical analysis or any kind of literature review, but to suggest that such a

  1. The advanced information technology innovation roadmap

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G Segarra

    1999-01-01

    The AIT (Advanced Information Technology for the European Manufacturing Industry) initiative is focusing on IT innovations and their integration in the users enterprise. This is achieved through the deployment of the AIT Innovation Cycle starting with the AIT strategic planning (development of a common master plan) and finishing with the business integration of complete IT innovative solutions. The IT integration

  2. Leveraging Information Technology. Track VII: Outstanding Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

    Eight papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track VII, Outstanding Applications, are presented. They include: "Image Databases in the University" (Reid Kaplan and Gordon Mathieson); "Using Information Technology for Travel Management at the University of Michigan" (Robert E. Russell and John C. Hufziger); "On-Line Access to University Policies…

  3. High Severity Information Technology Risks in Finance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel J. Hinz

    2005-01-01

    Financial institutions are part of the backbone of modern nations in the same way electrical power grids and transportation infrastructures are. Therefore, breakdowns of single banks or whole financial centers could have a massive impact not only on the affected banks but also on the entire economy (systemic risk). As financial institutions rely heavily on information technology (IT), this is

  4. COLLEGE OF INFORMATION SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Giles, C. Lee

    , big data informatics and analytics, and modeling the interplay among the physical, cyber and human: 1) The Internet of things; 2) Mobile computing and sensing; 3) Big Data--the explosion of online.S. degrees--Information Sciences and Technology and Security and Risk Analysis (SRA); a B.A. degree

  5. Health information technology: help or hindrance?

    PubMed

    Ketchersid, Terry

    2014-07-01

    The practice of medicine in general and nephrology in particular grows increasingly complex with each passing year. In parallel with this trend, the purchasers of health care are slowly shifting the reimbursement paradigm from one based on rewarding transactions, or work performed, to one that rewards value delivered. Within this context, the health-care value equation is broadly defined as quality divided by costs. Health information technology has been widely recognized as 1 of the foundations for delivering better care at lower costs. As the largest purchaser of health care in the world, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has deployed a series of interrelated programs designed to spur the adoption and utilization of health information technology. This review examines our known collective experience in the practice of nephrology to date with several of these programs and attempts to answer the following question: Is health information technology helping or hindering the delivery of value to the nation's health-care system? Through this review, it was concluded overall that the effect of health information technology appears positive; however, it cannot be objectively determined because of the infancy of its utilization in the practice of medicine. PMID:24969389

  6. Education, Information Technology and Cognitive Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scaife, M.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses information technology and its effects on developmental psychology and children's education. Topics discussed include a theory of child-computer interaction (CCI); programing; communication and computers, including electronic mail; cognitive science; artificial intelligence; modeling the user-system interaction; and the future of…

  7. Information Technology in Libraries. A Pakistani Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahmood, Khalid

    This book presents an overview of the present status of the use of library automation hardware and software in Pakistan. The following 20 articles are included: (1) "The Status of Library Automation in Pakistan"; (2) "Promoting Information Technology in Pakistan: the Netherlands Library Development Project"; (3) "Library Software in Pakistan"; (4)…

  8. Information Technology Services Support for Emergencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spicer, Donald Z.

    2008-01-01

    For at least the last quarter century, enterprises--including higher education institutions--have increasingly relied on Information Technology Services (ITS) for business functions. As a result, IT organizations have had to develop the discipline of production operations as well as recovery procedures to respond when those operations are…

  9. Integrating Information Technology into Biology Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoagland, Buzz

    1997-01-01

    Information technology is integrated into biology courses through various mechanisms. Electronic mail distribution lists are used to answer student questions outside of class. The World Wide Web is used for posting interactive course syllabi and student-generated data. Most students surveyed indicated that integrating the Internet and the Web into…

  10. Technology advances for Space Shuttle processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wiskerchen, M. J.; Mollakarimi, C. L.

    1988-01-01

    One of the major initial tasks of the Space Systems Integration and Operations Research Applications (SIORA) Program was the application of automation and robotics technology to all aspects of the Shuttle tile processing and inspection system. The SIORA Program selected a nonlinear systems engineering methodology which emphasizes a team approach for defining, developing, and evaluating new concepts and technologies for the operational system. This is achieved by utilizing rapid prototyping testbeds whereby the concepts and technologies can be iteratively tested and evaluated by the team. The present methodology has clear advantages for the design of large complex systems as well as for the upgrading and evolution of existing systems.

  11. Health Insurance Claim Review Using Information Technologies

    PubMed Central

    Yoon, Jeong-Sik; Speedie, Stuart M.; Yoon, Hojung; Lee, Jiseon

    2012-01-01

    Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA)'s payment request (PARE) system that plays the role of the gateway for all health insurance claims submitted to HIRA, and the claim review support (CRS) system that supports the work of claim review experts in South Korea. Methods This study describes the two systems' information technology (IT) infrastructures, their roles, and quantitative analysis of their work performance. It also reports the impact of these systems on claims processing by analyzing the health insurance claim data submitted to HIRA from April 1 to June 30, 2011. Results The PARE system returned to healthcare providers 2.7% of all inpatient claims (97,930) and 0.1% of all outpatient claims (317,007) as un-reviewable claims. The return rate was the highest for the hospital group as 0.49% and the lowest rate was found in clinic group. The CRS system's detection rate of the claims with multiple errors in inpatient and outpatient areas was 23.1% and 2.9%, respectively. The highest rate of error detection occurred at guideline check-up stages in both inpatient and outpatient groups. Conclusions The study found that HIRA's two IT systems had a critical role in reducing heavy administrative workloads through automatic data processing. Although the return rate of the problematic claims to providers and the error detection rate by two systems was low, the actual count of the returned claims was large. The role of IT will become increasingly important in reducing the workload of health insurance claims review. PMID:23115745

  12. Quantum technology and cryptology for information security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Syed Naqvi; Michel Riguidel

    2007-01-01

    Cryptology and information security are set to play a more prominent role in the near future. In this regard, quantum communication and cryptography offer new opportunities to tackle ICT security. Quantum Information Processing and Communication (QIPC) is a scientific field where new conceptual foundations and techniques are being developed. They promise to play an important role in the future of

  13. Business Value of Information Sharing and the Role of Emerging Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumar, Sanjeev

    2009-01-01

    Information Technology has brought significant benefits to organizations by allowing greater information sharing within and across firm boundaries leading to performance improvements. Emerging technologies such as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web2.0 have transformed the volume and process of information sharing. However, a comprehensive…

  14. Neural processing of gravity information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schor, Robert H.

    1992-01-01

    The goal of this project was to use the linear acceleration capabilities of the NASA Vestibular Research Facility (VRF) at Ames Research Center to directly examine encoding of linear accelerations in the vestibular system of the cat. Most previous studies, including my own, have utilized tilt stimuli, which at very low frequencies (e.g., 'static tilt') can be considered a reasonably pure linear acceleration (e.g., 'down'); however, higher frequencies of tilt, necessary for understanding the dynamic processing of linear acceleration information, necessarily involves rotations which can stimulate the semicircular canals. The VRF, particularly the Long Linear Sled, has promise to provide controlled pure linear accelerations at a variety of stimulus frequencies, with no confounding angular motion.

  15. Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua.

    1992-01-01

    Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring global visualization'' onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

  16. Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua

    1992-09-01

    Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring ``global visualization`` onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

  17. Process technology: Licensing business holds steady

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mullin

    1993-01-01

    If profits in most segments of the chemical industry can be described as cyclical in nature, the business of licensing chemical processing technologies can best be described as a series of overlapping waves moving in sync with chemical cycles. While licensing for new plants has its ups and downs, revenues generated from each upcycle tend to carry through to the

  18. An On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

    2003-01-01

    An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology selection for integrated testing. OTIS will provide a formalized, well-organized protocol to communicate thorough, accurate, current and relevant technology information between the hands-on technology developer and the ALS Community. The need for this type of information transfer system within the Solid Waste Management (SWM) element was recently identified and addressed. A SWM Technology Information Form (TIF) was developed specifically for collecting detailed technology information in the area of SWM. In the TIF, information is requested from SWM technology developers, based upon the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Basic information is requested for low-TRL technologies, and more detailed information is requested as the TRL of the technology increases. A comparable form is also being developed for the wastewater processing element. In the future, similar forms will also be developed for the ALS elements of air revitalization, food processing, biomass production and thermal control. These ALS element-specific forms will be implemented in OTIS via a web-accessible interface,with the data stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQLTM) located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed research and development investment, thereby promoting technology through the TRL scale. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of programmatic needs.

  19. Information Technology in Public Libraries in Kuwait: A First Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CHARLENE L. AL-QALLAF; HOWAYA M. AL-AZMI

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the availability and use of information technology in public libraries in Kuwait. Specific areas addressed are (1) hardware\\/software, (2) patterns of connectivity such as LANs, Internet, etc., (3) training and development activities in support of information technology, and (4) future projections regarding the use of information technology. The study provides policy-makers and information professionals with previously unavailable

  20. Virginia Tech Information Technology Strategic Plan for 2012-2018

    E-print Network

    Virginia Tech

    Virginia Tech Information Technology Strategic Plan for 2012-2018 Version 1.1 June 12, 2013 #12;Information Technology Strategic Plan for 2012-2018 (Version 1.1) Page 2 of 33 Virginia Tech Information ..................................................................................................................................................5 Information Technology: Supporting "A Plan for a New Horizon

  1. Bachelor of Arts in Information Sciences and Technology (ISTBA)

    E-print Network

    Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia

    Bachelor of Arts in Information Sciences and Technology (ISTBA) College of Information Sciences? If this describes you, then let's talk about a bachelor of arts in information sciences and technology (ISTBA of the curriculum allows you to combine information sciences and technology courses with your creative interests

  2. The Integration of Information and Communication Technology into Classroom Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Scott

    2002-01-01

    A Newfoundland study examining how information technologies affect teaching interviewed 13 teachers at a leading high school in the use of information technology. Teachers used information technology to interact on a global basis, expand resources, enhance local content, and customize material. Problems included need for training, information

  3. Stochastic Resonance and Information Processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicolis, C.

    2014-12-01

    A dynamical system giving rise to multiple steady states and subjected to noise and a periodic forcing is analyzed from the standpoint of information theory. It is shown that stochastic resonance has a clearcut signature on information entropy, information transfer and other related quantities characterizing information transduction within the system.

  4. Texas A&M Information Technology Audio Visual Surveillance Technology Committee

    E-print Network

    ...............................................................................................................7 General Audio video surveillance technology may be used by Texas A&M University and other SystemTexas A&M Information Technology Audio Visual Surveillance Technology Committee Audio Visual Surveillance Technology Operational Standards Table of Contents General

  5. Automated Composites Processing Technology: Film Module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hulcher, A. Bruce

    2004-01-01

    NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has developed a technology that combines a film/adhesive laydown module with fiber placement technology to enable the processing of composite prepreg tow/tape and films, foils or adhesives on the same placement machine. The development of this technology grew out of NASA's need for lightweight, permeation-resistant cryogenic propellant tanks. Autoclave processing of high performance composites results in thermally-induced stresses due to differences in the coefficients of thermal expansion of the fiber and matrix resin components. These stresses, together with the reduction in temperature due to cryogen storage, tend to initiate microcracking within the composite tank wall. One way in which to mitigate this problem is to introduce a thin, crack-resistant polymer film or foil into the tank wall. Investigation into methods to automate the processing of thin film or foil materials into composites led to the development of this technology. The concept employs an automated film supply and feed module that may be designed to fit existing fiber placement machines, or may be designed as integral equipment to new machines. This patent-pending technology can be designed such that both film and foil materials may be processed simultaneously, leading to a decrease in part build cycle time. The module may be designed having a compaction device independent of the host machine, or may utilize the host machine's compactor. The film module functions are controlled by a dedicated system independent of the fiber placement machine controls. The film, foil, or adhesive is processed via pre-existing placement machine run programs, further reducing operational expense.

  6. Proprioceptive information processing in schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Arnfred, Sidse M H

    2012-03-01

    This doctoral thesis focuses on brain activity in response to proprioceptive stimulation in schizophrenia. The works encompass methodological developments substantiated by investigations of healthy volunteers and two clinical studies of schizophrenia spectrum patients. American psychiatrist Sandor Rado (1890-1972) suggested that one of two un-reducible deficits in schizophrenia was a disorder of proprioception. Exploration of proprioceptive information processing is possible through the measurement of evoked and event related potentials. Event related EEG can be analyzed as conventional time-series averages or as oscillatory averages transformed into the frequency domain. Gamma activity evoked by electricity or by another type of somatosensory stimulus has not been reported before in schizophrenia. Gamma activity is considered to be a manifestation of perceptual integration. A new load stimulus was constructed that stimulated the proprioceptive dimension of recognition of applied force. This load stimulus was tested both in simple and several types of more complex stimulus paradigms, with and without tasks, in total in 66 healthy volunteers. The evoked potential (EP) resulting from the load stimulus was named the proprioceptive EP. The later components of the proprioceptive EP (> 150 ms) were modulated similarly to previously reported electrical somatosensory EPs by repetition and cognitive task. The earlier activity was further investigated through decomposition of the time-frequency transformed data by a new non-negative matrix analysis, and previous research and visual inspection validated these results. Several time-frequency components emerged in the proprioceptive EP. The contra-lateral parietal gamma component (60-70 ms; 30-41 Hz) had not previously been described in the somatosensory modality without electrical stimulation. The parietal beta component (87-103 ms; 19-22 Hz) was increased when the proprioceptive stimulus appeared in a predictable sequence in several runs of recording. Although the experimental paradigm had inherent confounders, it was suggested that the increase observed in the predictable situation, in healthy subjects, was due to priming of the somatosensory cortex through top-down modulation. The proprioceptive EP was investigated in two different samples of a total of 30 schizophrenia spectrum patients. The left contra-lateral parietal cortical activity 60-120 ms following the load stimulus was affected in both samples. In the first experiment a delay was observed and in the second experiment diminished amplitude and trial-to-trial phase consistency of high frequency (18-45 Hz) activity. Both effects were interpreted as a consequence of diminished precision of activation of the left somatosensory cortex and it was suggested to be in accordance with two theories of schizophrenic information processing: the theory of deficiency of corollary discharge and the theory of weakening of the influence of past regularities. No gating deficiency was observed and the imprecision and amplitude attenuation was not a general phenomenon across the entire brain response. Summing up, in support of Rado's hypothesis, schizophrenia spectrum patients demonstrated abnormalities in proprioceptive information processing. Future work needs to extend the findings in larger un-medicated, non-chronic, patient samples and investigate the connection between schizophrenic symptoms, perception and attenuation of the proprioceptive EP. PMID:22381098

  7. Information Communication Technology and Politics: A Synthesized Analysis of the Impacts of Information Technology on Voter Participation in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsuma, Clive Katiba

    2011-01-01

    The availability of political information throughout society made possible by the evolution of contemporary information communication technology has precipitated conflicting debate regarding the effects of technology use on real life political participation. Proponents of technology argue that the use of new information technology stimulates…

  8. InformatIon technology Jean and Charles Schulz Information Center 1000

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    InformatIon technology Jean and Charles Schulz Information Center 1000 (707) 664-2346 Acting chief informAtion officer Jason Wenrick Information Technology provides the spectrum of services needed,high-techclassrooms,andmediaservicespreviewrooms.A fully staffed help desk provides consulting in the use of information technology. Consultants

  9. Information-Technology Based Physics Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, J. S.; Lee, K. H.

    2001-04-01

    Developing countries emphasize expansion of the educated population but demand for quality improvement follows later. Current science education reform is driven in part by post cold war restructuring of the global economy and associated focus on the education of a more scientifically literate society, due to the industrial change from labor-intensive to high-technology type, and the societal change inherent in the present information era. Industry needs employees of broad and flexible background with inter disciplinary training, engineers with better physics training, and well trained physicists. Education researches have proved that active-learning based methods are superior to the traditional methods and the information technology (IT) has lot to offer in this. Use of IT for improving physics education is briefly discussed with prospects for collaboration in the Asia-Pacific region via Asian Physics Education Network (ASPEN), UNESCO University Foundation Course in Physics (UUFCP), etc.

  10. Health Information Technology and Physician Career Satisfaction

    PubMed Central

    Elder, Keith T.; Wiltshire, Jacqueline C.; Rooks, Ronica N.; BeLue, Rhonda; Gary, Lisa C.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose Health information technology (HIT) and physician career satisfaction are associated with higher-quality medical care. However, the link between HIT and physician career satisfaction, which could potentially reduce provider burnout and attrition, has not been fully examined. This study uses a nationally representative survey to assess the association between key forms of HIT and career satisfaction among primary care physicians (PCPs) and specialty physicians. Methods We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of physician career satisfaction using the Community Tracking Study Physician Survey, 2004–2005. Nine specific types of HIT as well as the overall adoption of HIT in the practice were examined using multivariate logistic regression. Results Physicians who used five to six (odds ratio [OR] = 1.46) or seven to nine (OR = 1.47) types of HIT were more likely than physicians who used zero to two types of HIT to be “very satisfied” with their careers. Information technology usages for communicating with other physicians (OR = 1.31) and e-mailing patients (OR = 1.35) were positively associated with career satisfaction. PCPs who used technology to write prescriptions were less likely to report career satisfaction (OR = 0.67), while specialists who wrote notes using technology were less likely to report career satisfaction (OR = 0.75). Conclusions Using more information technology was the strongest positive predictor of physicians being very satisfied with their careers. Toward that end, healthcare organizations working in conjunction with providers should consider exploring ways to integrate various forms of HIT into practice. PMID:20808606

  11. Controlling information technology costs, Part 2.

    PubMed

    Honan, Tom; Ciotti, Vince

    2002-01-01

    Health care executives are increasingly frustrated by Information Technology (IT). Although our industry is often accused of underinvesting in technology (hospitals average 2-3 percent of their costs in IT, compared to other industry's 8-10 percent), when IT investments are made, they fail to reflect demonstrable return to the bottom line. Yet the effective deployment of technology is so critical to the success of the organization and can in itself cause the failure of a health care system. While being forced to invest significant amounts of resources in the past two years preparing for Y2K, health care organizations have come under increasing financial pressures due to other industry developments. PMID:11968991

  12. Careers in Information and Security Technologies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This interactive activity produced for Teachers' Domain investigates three possible career paths in information and security technologies: administration, development, and integration. Explore each path to learn more about the education and experience required for particular jobs such as computer support specialist, network and systems administrator, computer security specialist, database administrator, computer technician, computer hardware engineer, computer software engineer, computer training specialist, computer systems analyst, and network engineer. The interactive is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions.

  13. Integrated Engineering Information Technology, FY93 accommplishments

    SciTech Connect

    Harris, R.N.; Miller, D.K.; Neugebauer, G.L.; Orona, J.R.; Partridge, R.A.; Herman, J.D.

    1994-03-01

    The Integrated Engineering Information Technology (IEIT) project is providing a comprehensive, easy-to-use computer network solution or communicating with coworkers both inside and outside Sandia National Laboratories. IEIT capabilities include computer networking, electronic mail, mechanical design, and data management. These network-based tools have one fundamental purpose: to help create a concurrent engineering environment that will enable Sandia organizations to excel in today`s increasingly competitive business environment.

  14. Information Technology Assessment Study: Executive Summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peterson, John (Editor)

    2002-01-01

    A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an IT infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology and the findings and recommendations of OSS IT users and providers are presented.

  15. LANFILGAS(sm) process. Technology spotlight report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    The United States is facing a garbage crisis. Several areas of the country have already run out of landfill space, and recent studies indicate that many other areas will be experiencing the same problem with the next ten years. Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) has patented an advanced biogasification technology called LANFILGAS that accelerates the stabilization of landfills through anaerobic composting and recovers the methane gas for its energy value. Anaerobic composting, or digestion, is a natural process that takes place in every landfill. It is generally uncontrolled, however, and can take up to 30 years to stabilize a landfill.

  16. Information Technology Support in the 8000 Directorate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    My summer internship was spent supporting various projects within the Environmental Management Office and Glenn Safety Office. Mentored by Eli Abumeri, I was trained in areas of Information Technology such as: Servers, printers, scanners, CAD systems, Web, Programming, and Database Management, ODIN (networking, computers, and phones). I worked closely with the Chemical Sampling and Analysis Team (CSAT) to redesign a database to more efficiently manage and maintain data collected for the Drinking Water Program. This Program has been established for over fifteen years here at the Glenn Research Center. It involves the continued testing and retesting of all drinking water dispensers. The quality of the drinking water is of great importance and is determined by comparing the concentration of contaminants in the water with specifications set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its 1986 and 1991 amendments. The Drinking Water Program consists of periodic testing of all drinking water fountains and sinks. Each is tested at least once every 2 years for contaminants and naturally occurring species. The EPA's protocol is to collect an initial and a 5 minute draw from each dispenser. The 5 minute draw is what is used for the maximum contaminant level. However, the CS&AT has added a 30 second draw since most individuals do not run the water 5 minutes prior to drinking. This data is then entered into a relational Microsoft Access database. The database allows for the quick retrieval of any test@) done on any dispenser. The data can be queried by building number, date or test type, and test results are documented in an analytical report for employees to read. To aid with the tracking of recycled materials within the lab, my help was enlisted to create a database that could make this process less cumbersome and more efficient. The date of pickup, type of material, weight received, and unit cost per recyclable. This information could then calculate the dollar amount generated by the recycling of certain materials. This database will ultimately prove useful in determining the amounts of materials consumed by the lab and will help serve as an indicator potential overuse.

  17. ITL Bulletins are published by the Information Technology Laboratory

    E-print Network

    Intrusion Detection Systems, July 2003 IT Security Metrics, August 2003 Information Technology Security Security Considerations in the Information System Development Life Cycle, December 2003 Computer Security Standard (FIPS) 199, Standards for Security Categorization of Federal Information and Information Systems

  18. On-line Technology Information System (OTIS): Solid Waste Management Technology Information Form (SWM TIF)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriguez, Luis

    2003-01-01

    Contents include the following: What is OTIS? OTIS use. Proposed implementation method. Development history of the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Technology Information Form (TIF) and OTIS. Current development state of the SWM TIF and OTIS. Data collection approach. Information categories. Critiques/questions/feedback.

  19. Tank waste processing and disposal technology development data summary

    SciTech Connect

    Cruse, J.M. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); McGinnis, C.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1994-01-01

    The US Department of Energy`s Waste Management and Technology Development Programs are engaged in a number of projects to develop, demonstrate, test, and evaluate new technologies to support the clean-up and site remediation of more than 300 underground storage tanks containing over 381,000 cubic meters (100 million gallons) of radioactive mixed waste. Significant development is needed within primary processing functions and in determining an overall bounding strategy. This document is a first attempt to summarize the overall strategy and show technology development activities within the strategy. It is intended to serve as an information resource to support understanding, decision making and integration of multiple program technology development activities. Recipients are encouraged to provide comments and input to the authors for incorporation in future revisions.

  20. Health Information Technology in Oncology Practice: A Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Fasola, G; Macerelli, M; Follador, A; Rihawi, K; Aprile, G; Mea, V Della

    2014-01-01

    The adoption and implementation of information technology are dramatically remodeling healthcare services all over the world, resulting in an unstoppable and sometimes overwhelming process. After the introduction of the main elements of electronic health records and a description of what every cancer-care professional should be familiar with, we present a narrative review focusing on the current use of computerized clinical information and decision systems in oncology practice. Following a detailed analysis of the many coveted goals that oncologists have reached while embracing informatics progress, the authors suggest how to overcome the main obstacles for a complete physicians’ engagement and for a full information technology adoption, and try to forecast what the future holds. PMID:25506195

  1. Research on Chinese Character Height Model of Guide Signs Based on 3D Technology and Information Processing Characteristics of Chinese Drivers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huang Kai; Wang Heng; Tang Jianjuan

    2010-01-01

    Drivers are often not able to recognize the letter in time and sometimes it is a waste of money with too large letters in guide signs. In order to solve this problem, a new Chinese character height model for guide signs has been developed based on 3D technology and the apperceive characteristics of Chinese drivers. The model was built according

  2. 75 FR 76986 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ...Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) Report Entitled...of Health Information Technology To Improve Healthcare for Americans: The Path...of Health Information Technology To Improve Healthcare for Americans: The...

  3. Arctic Science and Technology Information System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of North America, the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database "contains over 46,000 records describing publications and research projects about northern Canada." This service, which has recently been made free with help from the Canadian Polar Commission, covers all of the major branches of science. The simple and advanced search features lead to citations of Canadian government and industry reports, journal articles, conference papers, theses, and books, from 1978 to present. Citations contain bibliographic information, an abstract, detailed subject and geographic terms, and a library symbol to aid in locating a publication. The database also holds close to 11,000 descriptions of research projects conducted in Canada's three northern territories (Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut) since 1974. Information about obtaining publications is provided at the search page.

  4. Outsourcing Development: The State, Entrepreneurship, and Information Technologies in India

    E-print Network

    Sanders, Seth

    Outsourcing Development: The State, Entrepreneurship, and Information Technologies in India_______________ ___________________________________________Date_______________ University of California, Berkeley Fall 2008 #12;Outsourcing Development: The State, Entrepreneurship, and Information Technologies in India Copyright 2008 By Renee Kuriyan #12;1 Abstract Outsourcing

  5. 48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 2010-10-01 false Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000 Section 311.7000...Accessibility Standards 311.7000 Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS staff that...

  6. 48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 false Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000 Section 311.7000...Accessibility Standards 311.7000 Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS staff that...

  7. 48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2013-10-01 false Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000 Section 311.7000...Accessibility Standards 311.7000 Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS staff that...

  8. 48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2014-10-01 false Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000 Section 311.7000...Accessibility Standards 311.7000 Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS staff that...

  9. 17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology...carried out by other divisions and offices, and furnishing such organizations...development of microcomputer and office automation capabilities and support...

  10. 17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology...carried out by other divisions and offices, and furnishing such organizations...development of microcomputer and office automation capabilities and support...

  11. 17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology...carried out by other divisions and offices, and furnishing such organizations...development of microcomputer and office automation capabilities and support...

  12. Information Technology & Management IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006-2008

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Certificate Program Computer and Network Security Technologies Faculty C. Robert Carlson, Professor, Director of Technology, M.B.A. University of Chicago. Computer net- working, computer and network security, and computer218 Information Technology & Management IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006-2008 Information Technology

  13. s information technology provides industry with

    E-print Network

    Fayad, Mohamed

    - tions, which are capable of modeling rapid changes in business policies, workflow and information of flexible and extensible prod- ucts for enterprise resource planning (ERP), manufacturing execution sys- tems (MES), product data manage- ment (PDM), customer service/sales order processing, and other commer

  14. ADVANCED INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE PROCESSING Information systems and intelligent knowledge processing are playing an

    E-print Network

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    · Corporate Sustainability · Networks & Virtual Communities Supplemental material including regular project relevant information.How can we leverage new technologies to advocate sustainability and the protection

  15. Information technology investment evaluation: Investments in telecommunication infrastructure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. K. Apostolopoulos; K. C. Pramataris

    1997-01-01

    Evaluation of investments in information technology is quite a difficult task, difficulties being both conceptual and functional. The fact that the investment's performance is very much dependent on the way a certain information technology project is implemented renders the evaluation procedure even more difficult. In this paper we propose a certain methodology for evaluating investments in information technology, placing special

  16. Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

    2005-01-01

    Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

  17. SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY University of South Carolina $ Columbia of Law and its information technology staff. As used herein, Law School Computers are computers information technology staff. B. Support includes: 1. Software installation 2. Software troubleshooting 3

  18. ODP Information Technology and Data Services ODP Technical Note 37

    E-print Network

    ODP Information Technology and Data Services ODP Technical Note 37 ODP PRIME SCIENTIFIC DATA: COLLECTION, ARCHIVE, AND QUALITY1, 2 ODP Information Technology and Data Services3 ACRONYM LIST The acronyms, and chroma 1ODP Information Technology and Data Services, 2007. ODP prime scientific data: collection

  19. 25 CFR 543.20 - What are the minimum internal control standards for information technology and information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? 543.20 Section 543.20 Indians...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? (a)...

  20. 25 CFR 543.20 - What are the minimum internal control standards for information technology and information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? 543.20 Section 543.20 Indians...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? (a)...

  1. Health information technology impact on productivity.

    PubMed

    Eastaugh, Steven R

    2012-01-01

    Managers work to achieve the greatest output for the least input effort, better balancing all factors of delivery to achieve the most with the smallest resource effort. Documentation of actual health information technology (HIT) cost savings has been elusive. Information technology and linear programming help to control hospital costs without harming service quality or staff morale. This study presents production function results from a study of hospital output during the period 2008-2011. The results suggest that productivity varies widely among the 58 hospitals as a function of staffing patterns, methods of organization, and the degree of reliance on information support systems. Financial incentives help to enhance productivity. Incentive pay for staff based on actual productivity gains is associated with improved productivity. HIT can enhance the marginal value product of nurses and staff, so that they concentrate their workday around patient care activities. The implementation of electronic health records (EHR) was associated with a 1.6 percent improvement in productivity. PMID:23971142

  2. Evaluating health information technology's clinical effects.

    PubMed

    Strom, Brian L; Schinnar, Rita

    2011-02-01

    In 2009 the federal government appropriated $34 billion in stimulus-related funding to promote the "meaningful use" of health information technology among Medicare and Medicaid providers and hospitals. One of the key elements of this technology is the adoption of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems for inpatient drug prescribing. The potential for CPOE to improve prescribing patterns and prevent adverse events is large, and as yet, unrealized. Amidst enthusiasm for the benefits of CPOE, providers and policymakers are becoming aware that CPOE could introduce new errors into the system and cannot simply be assumed to "work." This Issue Brief reports on the experience of one hospital system that used its CPOE to reduce the incidence of a serious drug interaction. This rigorous test of a specific CPOE intervention shows that an electronic alert system can be effective in changing prescribing, but may also have unintended consequences for patient safety. PMID:21365962

  3. Assessing the Impact of Instructional Methods and Information Technology on Student Learning Styles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Poonam Kumar; Anil Kumar; Karl Smart

    In an era of increased accountability in assessing student learning outcomes, greater emphasis has been focused on factors that influence student learning. In this paper we examine the impact of instructional methods and information technology on student learning styles, all critical factors affecting student learning. A research framework that suggests the relationship of instructional processes and information technology to learning

  4. Advanced Technology Composite Fuselage - Materials and Processes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Scholz, D. B.; Dost, E. F.; Flynn, B. W.; Ilcewicz, L. B.; Nelson, K. M.; Sawicki, A. J.; Walker, T. H.; Lakes, R. S.

    1997-01-01

    The goal of Boeing's Advanced Technology Composite Aircraft Structures (ATCAS) program was to develop the technology required for cost and weight efficient use of composite materials in transport fuselage structure. This contractor report describes results of material and process selection, development, and characterization activities. Carbon fiber reinforced epoxy was chosen for fuselage skins and stiffening elements and for passenger and cargo floor structures. The automated fiber placement (AFP) process was selected for fabrication of monolithic and sandwich skin panels. Circumferential frames and window frames were braided and resin transfer molded (RTM'd). Pultrusion was selected for fabrication of floor beams and constant section stiffening elements. Drape forming was chosen for stringers and other stiffening elements. Significant development efforts were expended on the AFP, braiding, and RTM processes. Sandwich core materials and core edge close-out design concepts were evaluated. Autoclave cure processes were developed for stiffened skin and sandwich structures. The stiffness, strength, notch sensitivity, and bearing/bypass properties of fiber-placed skin materials and braided/RTM'd circumferential frame materials were characterized. The strength and durability of cocured and cobonded joints were evaluated. Impact damage resistance of stiffened skin and sandwich structures typical of fuselage panels was investigated. Fluid penetration and migration mechanisms for sandwich panels were studied.

  5. An information Grid-based model for sharing water pollution control and prevention technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wang Minghu; Gao Zhenji; Xu Chunlian; Huang Haiming

    2010-01-01

    Though water pollution control and prevention technologies have made a great progress, most polluting enterprises even have never heard of them, not to mention use them. So we design an technologies sharing model based on information Grid, and focus our discussion on the process of searching and invoking the wanted technologies with mobile agents.

  6. Using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to the Maximum: Learning and Teaching Biology with Limited Digital Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Rooy, Wilhelmina S.

    2012-01-01

    Background: The ubiquity, availability and exponential growth of digital information and communication technology (ICT) creates unique opportunities for learning and teaching in the senior secondary school biology curriculum. Digital technologies make it possible for emerging disciplinary knowledge and understanding of biological processes

  7. [Technology and progress in scientific information systems].

    PubMed

    Kerschbaum, T

    1989-09-01

    The development of modern information technology has brought about dramatic changes in the field of auxiliary instruments for scientific research, and by the same token, for research in dentistry. In the context of data acquisition literature data bases play an important part; in the evaluation of data emphasis is being placed on data bases, improved online measuring techniques and statistical systems. Text and graphics programs may facilitate and improve the mediation of scientific results. The value of expert systems for establishing diagnoses seems highly questionable. PMID:2700334

  8. Health information technology: dispatches from the revolution.

    PubMed

    Gerber, Ticia

    2009-01-01

    Countries around the world are increasingly employing health information technology (IT). These tools hold the promise of powerful health system breakthroughs from Johannesburg to Jakarta. While implementers multiply, a global e-health consensus framework is beginning to take shape among donors, governments, industries, researchers, and policymakers. As plans are formulated in the United States for substantial new federal investments in health IT, this paper details common threads in national and global health IT discourse. Among them are the need for strong stakeholder engagement, workable policy solutions, funding and donor coordination, and the imperative for adequately addressing standards and interoperability. PMID:19273816

  9. The challenge of sensor information processing and delivery within network and information science research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pearson, Gavin; Pham, Tien

    2008-04-01

    This paper describes the joint US & UK International Technology Alliance (ITA) basic research programme in Network and Information Science (NIS), with a particular focus on the elements of the research programme concerned with the processing of sensor information and the delivery of sensor derived information and intelligence to the users. The paper provides a view of both the benefits and the main challenges being addressed by the NIS ITA, with a particular focus on Sensor Information Processing and Delivery (SIPD): SIPD is one of the four key thrusts within the NIS ITA.

  10. Collaborative Signal and Information Processing: An Information-Directed Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhao Feng; Jie Liu; Juan Julia Liu; Leonidas J. Guibas; James Reich

    2003-01-01

    This article describes information-based ap- proaches to processing and organizing spatially distributed, multi-modal sensor data in a sensor network. Energy con- strained networked sensing systems must rely on collabora- tive signal and information processing (CSIP) to dynami- cally allocate resources, maintain multiple sensing foci, and attend to new stimuli of interest, all based on task require- ments and resource constraints.

  11. IFP offers three new process technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-11-23

    Institut Francais du Petrole is offering three new processing technologies for license, including one for isomerizing normal C[sub 4] olefins to isobutylene. The latter process, called ISO-4, provides an economically attractive way for refiners and ethylene manufacturers to convert fluid cat cracker and steam cracker C[sub 4] cuts to methyl tertiary butyl ether, says IFP. In ISO-4 units, the catalyst moves continuously down the reactor bed. When it reaches the bottom, it is removed from the reactor, regenerated, and returned to the top of the bed, all continuously. With a constant flow of fresh catalyst, operations can run several years without shutdown for catalyst regeneration, IFP claims. The ISO-4 catalyst is the same type as that used in IFP's octanizing process. The low attrition rate and thorough, continuous regeneration cycle of the Octanizing catalyst result in long service.

  12. Voice-processing technologies--their application in telecommunications.

    PubMed Central

    Wilpon, J G

    1995-01-01

    As the telecommunications industry evolves over the next decade to provide the products and services that people will desire, several key technologies will become commonplace. Two of these, automatic speech recognition and text-to-speech synthesis, will provide users with more freedom on when, where, and how they access information. While these technologies are currently in their infancy, their capabilities are rapidly increasing and their deployment in today's telephone network is expanding. The economic impact of just one application, the automation of operator services, is well over $100 million per year. Yet there still are many technical challenges that must be resolved before these technologies can be deployed ubiquitously in products and services throughout the worldwide telephone network. These challenges include: (i) High level of accuracy. The technology must be perceived by the user as highly accurate, robust, and reliable. (ii) Easy to use. Speech is only one of several possible input/output modalities for conveying information between a human and a machine, much like a computer terminal or Touch-Tone pad on a telephone. It is not the final product. Therefore, speech technologies must be hidden from the user. That is, the burden of using the technology must be on the technology itself. (iii) Quick prototyping and development of new products and services. The technology must support the creation of new products and services based on speech in an efficient and timely fashion. In this paper I present a vision of the voice-processing industry with a focus on the areas with the broadest base of user penetration: speech recognition, text-to-speech synthesis, natural language processing, and speaker recognition technologies. The current and future applications of these technologies in the telecommunications industry will be examined in terms of their strengths, limitations, and the degree to which user needs have been or have yet to be met. Although noteworthy gains have been made in areas with potentially small user bases and in the more mature speech-coding technologies, these subjects are outside the scope of this paper. Images Fig. 1 PMID:7479815

  13. Mothers' use of information and communication technologies for information seeking.

    PubMed

    Jang, Juyoung; Dworkin, Jodi; Hessel, Heather

    2015-04-01

    Previous studies have revealed that information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a crucial role in parenting. Utilizing a national sample of mothers, the current study addresses mothers' information-seeking behaviors using ICTs utilizing the sense-making theoretical approach. Specifically, the study explored mothers' gap-bridging activities via online information venues including blogs, discussion boards/chatrooms, e-mailed newsletters, and online courses. Further, the associations were examined between mothers' demographic characteristics and their patterns of gap-bridging activities using online information venues. Latent class analysis revealed five latent classes: limited gap bridging, active gap bridging, problem identifiers, perspective explorers, and reassurance seekers. The "limited gap bridging" latent class was the most common class across online information venues. The other latent classes illustrate a more complex picture of mothers' gap-bridging activities depending on their needs. Mothers' demographic characteristics were associated with their patterns of gap-bridging activities. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed. PMID:25803204

  14. Information Services for Agriculture: The Role of Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chartrand, Robert L.; And Others

    This document discusses issues and developments related to the effects of new information technology on agriculture, beginning with an overview of the range of information-related issues, the evolving role of information technology, and the "stakeholders" (the groups) involved in advanced information systems for rural America. An examination of…

  15. Healthcare Information Technology Infrastructures in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Yuksel, M.; Ertürkmen, G. L.; Kabak, Y.; Namli, T.; Y?ld?z, M. H.; Ay, Y.; Ceyhan, B.; Hülür, Ü.; Öztürk, H.; Atbakan, E.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe some of the major healthcare information technology (IT) infrastructures in Turkey, namely, Sa?l?k-Net (Turkish for “Health-Net”), the Centralized Hospital Appointment System, the Basic Health Statistics Module, the Core Resources Management System, and the e-prescription system of the Social Security Institution. International collaboration projects that are integrated with Sa?l?k-Net are also briefly summarized. Methods The authors provide a survey of the some of the major healthcare IT infrastructures in Turkey. Results Sa?l?k-Net has two main components: the National Health Information System (NHIS) and the Family Medicine Information System (FMIS). The NHIS is a nation-wide infrastructure for sharing patients’ Electronic Health Records (EHRs). So far, EHRs of 78.9 million people have been created in the NHIS. Similarly, family medicine is operational in the whole country via FMIS. Centralized Hospital Appointment System enables the citizens to easily make appointments in healthcare providers. Basic Health Statistics Module is used for collecting information about the health status, risks and indicators across the country. Core Resources Management System speeds up the flow of information between the headquarters and Provincial Health Directorates. The e-prescription system is linked with Sa?l?k-Net and seamlessly integrated with the healthcare provider information systems. Finally, Turkey is involved in several international projects for experience sharing and disseminating national developments. Conclusion With the introduction of the “Health Transformation Program” in 2003, a number of successful healthcare IT infrastructures have been developed in Turkey. Currently, work is going on to enhance and further improve their functionality. PMID:24853036

  16. 77 FR 43106 - Tribal Consultation Sessions-Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ...Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure Consolidation...tribal input on the 2012 Information Technology transformation realignment proposal as well as on how Information Technology transformation should...

  17. 77 FR 749 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-06

    ...Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...and orders that include information technology (IT) supplies, services...January 6, 2012 that include information technology (IT) supplies,...

  18. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

  19. 76 FR 18800 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-05

    ...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

  20. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

  1. 16 CFR 6.152 - Program accessibility: Electronic and information technology.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. 6.152 Section 6...accessibility: Electronic and information technology. (a) When developing...or using electronic and information technology, the Commission...

  2. High Speed Imaging Technology for the Microgravity Containerless Processing Facility

    E-print Network

    Fossum, Eric R.

    Study on High Speed Imaging Technology for the Microgravity Containerless Processing Facility Dr September 15, 1992 #12;High Speed Imaging Technology Study page 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Glossary ..................................................................................................14 Focal-Plane Technology Using CCD Arrays.........................................................14

  3. Technology and informal education: what is taught, what is learned.

    PubMed

    Greenfield, Patricia M

    2009-01-01

    The informal learning environments of television, video games, and the Internet are producing learners with a new profile of cognitive skills. This profile features widespread and sophisticated development of visual-spatial skills, such as iconic representation and spatial visualization. A pressing social problem is the prevalence of violent video games, leading to desensitization, aggressive behavior, and gender inequity in opportunities to develop visual-spatial skills. Formal education must adapt to these changes, taking advantage of new strengths in visual-spatial intelligence and compensating for new weaknesses in higher-order cognitive processes: abstract vocabulary, mindfulness, reflection, inductive problem solving, critical thinking, and imagination. These develop through the use of an older technology, reading, which, along with audio media such as radio, also stimulates imagination. Informal education therefore requires a balanced media diet using each technology's specific strengths in order to develop a complete profile of cognitive skills. PMID:19119220

  4. Secured Information Flow for Asynchronous Sequential Processes

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Secured Information Flow for Asynchronous Sequential Processes Isabelle Attali, Denis Caromel for unauthorized information flows. As a final result, all authorized communication paths are secure: no disclosure a new issue in data confidentiality: authorization of secured information flow transiting (by the mean

  5. Assessment of information technology capacity in community-based clinics.

    PubMed

    Millery, Mari; Messeri, Peter; Kukafka, Rita; Schluter, Dan

    2006-01-01

    An Information Technology Needs Assessment was conducted as part of a study investigating the implementation of a web-based information tool for HIV providers in community-based health clinics (n=24). Data are shown describing the state of technology readiness in these settings. Technology infrastructure and support was generally found to be poor. Few clinics had internet access, or computers, available at point of care and few utilized e-mail. Staff attitudes regarding information technologies were generally positive. PMID:17238651

  6. IS 2927 Independent Study in Systems & Technology Applications of Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    - 1 - IS 2927 Independent Study in Systems & Technology Applications of Information Technology: IS 2927 Independent Study in Systems & Technology ­ Applications of Information Technology Term: Spring ­ CourseAgent, which is a web-based application with more enhanced adaptive functionality, integrating

  7. Using CASE to Exploit Process Modeling in Technology Transfer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Renz-Olar, Cheryl

    2003-01-01

    A successful business will be one that has processes in place to run that business. Creating processes, reengineering processes, and continually improving processes can be accomplished through extensive modeling. Casewise(R) Corporate Modeler(TM) CASE is a computer aided software engineering tool that will enable the Technology Transfer Department (TT) at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to capture these abilities. After successful implementation of CASE, it could then go on to be applied in other departments at MSFC and other centers at NASA. The success of a business process is dependent upon the players working as a team and continuously improving the process. A good process fosters customer satisfaction as well as internal satisfaction in the organizational infrastructure. CASE provides a method for business process success through functions consisting of systems and processes business models; specialized diagrams; matrix management; simulation; report generation and publishing; and, linking, importing, and exporting documents and files. The software has an underlying repository or database to support these functions. The Casewise. manual informs us that dynamics modeling is a technique used in business design and analysis. Feedback is used as a tool for the end users and generates different ways of dealing with the process. Feedback on this project resulted from collection of issues through a systems analyst interface approach of interviews with process coordinators and Technical Points of Contact (TPOCs).

  8. Standards Advisor-Advanced Information Technology for Advanced Information Delivery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hawker, J. Scott

    2003-01-01

    Developers of space systems must deal with an increasing amount of information in responding to extensive requirements and standards from numerous sources. Accessing these requirements and standards, understanding them, comparing them, negotiating them and responding to them is often an overwhelming task. There are resources to aid the space systems developer, such as lessons learned and best practices. Again, though, accessing, understanding, and using this information is often more difficult than helpful. This results in space systems that: 1. Do not meet all their requirements. 2. Do not incorporate prior engineering experience. 3. Cost more to develop. 4. Take longer to develop. The NASA Technical Standards Program (NTSP) web site at http://standards.nasa.gov has made significant improvements in making standards, lessons learned, and related material available to space systems developers agency-wide. The Standards Advisor was conceived to take the next steps beyond the current product, continuing to apply evolving information technology that continues to improve information delivery to space systems developers. This report describes the features of the Standards Advisor and suggests a technical approach to its development.

  9. Information and Communication Technology and Education: Analysing the Nigerian National Policy for Information Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yusuf, Mudasiru Olalere

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of the Nigerian National Policy for Information Technology. The analysis reveals that the policy is inadequate to impact positively on the Nigerian education system, and that the philosophical frame of reference is market driven. The policy places little emphasis on the integration and infusion of ICT in the…

  10. Technology Demonstration Summary Site Program Demonstration Test Soliditech Inc Solidification-stabilization Process

    EPA Science Inventory

    The major objective of the Soliditech, Inc., SITE demonstration was to develop reliable performance and cost information about the Soliditech solidification, stabilization technology. The Soliditech process mixes hazardous waste materials with Portland cement or pozzolanic m...

  11. A Process Map For State-Wide Engineering Technology/Manufacturing Technology Curriculum Reform

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Barger, Marilyn

    Over the period of three years, FLATE, the National Science Foundation-funded Florida Advanced Technological Education Center for Manufacturing, has undertaken reform of Florida's Associate in Science (A.S.) and Associate of Applied Science (A.A.S.) degrees associated with manufacturing and related technologies. This reform has resulted in a statewide degree in Engineering Technology with a common technology core, based on a national certification, and five specialization tracks to meet local needs. There are a number of benefits to this change or consolidation of Engineering Technology 2-year programs in Florida. These include: 1) A degree program that meets manufacturers skills and knowledge competencies related to foundational skills in engineering technology. 2) All Community Colleges in the State can market jointly to students and industry employers with a common degree program and certification; 3) Completion of the common technology core creates a portable completion point that allows students to transfer within the community college system to an institution with their desired specialization; 4) The national certification utilized, MSSC's Certified Production Technician (CPT), assesses a student/workers foundational skill and knowledge in four broad areas common to all manufacturing sectors: Manufacturing Processes and Production; Quality Assurance; Maintenance Awareness; and Safety. This certification is portable across manufacturing sectors and has been defined by industry; 5) Selecting the MSSC competencies to inform and anchor the curricular frameworks of the degree core allows currency, precision, relevance and abundant competencies; and, 6) The utilization of a national certification to inform the as a curricular framework common technology core has enabled the creation of a statewide articulation pathway from the secondary system, technical schools and incumbent worker training programs into the new degree. The multi-year process through which FLATE worked to outline, analyze, evaluate, and change the statewide system based on national standards and assessments, as well as students abilities and needs required engagement of essential stakeholders through out the state, including but not limited to: Florida's Community Colleges, Florida Department of Education, Manufacturers, Workforce Florida, State and Regional Manufacturers Associations, and Economic Developers. Presented herein is the process map for facilitating this reform via review of existing frameworks, coordinating the statewide curriculum team, hosting workshops, soliciting industry input, selection of national certification, developing the new frameworks for the engineering technology core courses, and institutionalization within the Department of Education. The process for conducting this reform could be applied to any technical career cluster to facilitate relevant degree programs and articulation pathways.

  12. Rutgers Business School Master of Information Technology Program Learning Goals

    E-print Network

    Lin, Xiaodong

    . Communication Skills Learning Goal Students graduating with a Master of Information Technology degree. Students will be able to find innovative solutions. 4. Business Technology Knowledge Learning Goal StudentsRutgers Business School Master of Information Technology Program Learning Goals October 2011 1

  13. Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) Program Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    VanDalsem, William R.

    2003-01-01

    The Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Program's goal is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communication technologies

  14. Value Addition in Information Technology and Literacy: An Empirical Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanghera, Kamaljeet K.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the research is to analyze the value addition in students' information communication and technology (ICT) literacy level and confidence in using technology after completing a general education information technology course at a four-year university. An online survey was created to examine students' perceptions. The findings revealed…

  15. Technology & Information Management Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014

    E-print Network

    Stuart, Josh

    Technology & Information Management Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014 http 11B or 19B TIM 105 Management of Technology I · ISM 50 or perm. of instructor Entry Level Writing Requirement TIM 158 Business Strategy & Information Systems · ISM 105 TIM 125 Management of Technology II

  16. Human Resource Information Systems: Backbone Technology of Contemporary Human Resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ANTHONY R. HENDRICKSON

    2003-01-01

    The Human Resource (HR) function of organizations is changing rapidly, reacting to a changing social and organizational environment and rapidly evolving information technologies. Social and organizational changes exert pressure on HR professionals to provide expanded services, of a higher quality, faster, and seamlessly linked with other corporate functions (Pfeffer, 1997). Information technologies (IT), which provide enabling technologies to assist HR

  17. Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

  18. Report on the Trend of the Utilization of Information Technology for the Exchange and Communication of Scientific and Technological Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobashi, Hisashi; Sawaki, Masataka

    The Science and Technology Agency conducted research on utilization of information technology in future scientific and technological information dissemination systems. This paper describes the outline of this study. Based on the hearing from information specialists, questionnaires to personnels in charge of R & D as well as documentation sections of organizations, and the literature search this report discusses a new type of information distributing system having its origin in prospects on usage forms of scientific and technological information, and the information disseminating technology. As to scientific and technological information for Keihanshin District it also grasps the needs for its use, analyzes the trend in the distributing systems and describes subjects for promoting information and communication in this District.

  19. Conceptual coordination bridges information processing and neurophysiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William J. Clancey

    2000-01-01

    Information processing theories of memory and skills can be reformulated in terms of how categories are physically and temporally related, a process called conceptual coordination. Dreaming can then be understood as a story understanding process in which two mechanisms found in everyday comprehension are missing: conceiving sequences (chunking categories in time as a higher-order categorization) and coordinating across modalities (e.g.,

  20. Mapping individual logical processes in information searching

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smetana, F. O.

    1974-01-01

    An interactive dialog with a computerized information collection was recorded and plotted in the form of a flow chart. The process permits one to identify the logical processes employed in considerable detail and is therefore suggested as a tool for measuring individual thought processes in a variety of situations. A sample of an actual test case is given.

  1. Modeling context information in mobile business process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huifang Wang; Tao Lu

    2010-01-01

    In order to generalize and depict the related context information of the mobile workers' business process, in this paper, we explore the business process characteristics of a type of mobile worker - the ship maintains and repairs worker. The context ingredients of the mobile workers' business process are summarized, and the relationships between them are analyzed. Additionally we propose a

  2. Processing Information in Graphical Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curcio, Frances R.; Smith-Burke, M. Trika

    The purpose of this exploratory, descriptive study was to examine how children process different tasks of comprehension presented in graphical form. During the Spring 1981, 8 fourth graders and 9 seventh graders were interviewed. The children were presented with graphs accompanied by six questions reflecting three levels of comprehension: "reading…

  3. GoldLink Finance Account Request ETSU Office of Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Karsai, Istvan

    GoldLink Finance Account Request Form ETSU Office of Information Technology 424 Roy Nicks Hall, Box 70732 Section 1. Personal Information. To process your request, all information in this section must _____________________________ Section 2. GoldLink Finance Departmental Account Applications. Check all that apply. Temporary employees

  4. Training and information technology issue, 2005

    SciTech Connect

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2005-05-15

    The focus of the May-June issue is on training and information technology. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Communicating effectively, by Alain Bucaille, AREVA; Reputation management, by Susan Brisset, Bruce Power; Contol room and HSI modernization guidance, by Joseph Naser, EPRI; How far are we from public acceptance, by Jennifer A. Biedscheid and Murthy Devarakonda, Washington TRU Solutions LLC; Spent fuel management options, by Brent W. Dixon and Steven J. Piet, Idaho National Laboratory; Industry Awards; A secure energy future for America, by George W. Bush, President, United States of America; Vision of the future of nuclear energy, by Anne Lauvergeon, AREVA; and, Plant profile: strategy for transition to digital, TXU Power.

  5. Strategic Planning DIV: Full Assessment Report (downward) Entity: Information Technology Services

    E-print Network

    Saidak, Filip

    Strategic Planning DIV: Full Assessment Report (downward) Entity: Information Technology Services Division Mission Statement Division Objectives Information Technology Services (ITS) Mission Statement Providing Department: Information Technology Services Mission Statement ITS Mission - Information Technology

  6. Information Technology: A Community of Practice. A Workplace Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerrero, Tony

    2014-01-01

    Information Technology (IT) encompasses all aspects of computing technology. IT is concerned with issues relating to supporting technology users and meeting their needs within an organizational and societal context through the selection, creation, application, integration, and administration of computing technologies (Lunt, et. al., 2008). The…

  7. Gordon Research Conference on Holography and Optical Information Processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walkup, John F.

    1991-09-01

    The 1991 Gordon Research Conference on Holography and Optical Information Processing was held on 17-21 June, 1991 at Plymouth State College in Plymouth, NH. The talks on Ultrafast Optical Logic Using Solitons and Optical Processing with Planar Optics pointed out the significant progress being made by various Bell Labs investigators on various aspects of optical computing. Professor Sing Lee from the University of California-San Diego gave an excellent overview of some engineering and performance Issues in optoelectronic computing. It is clear that the Soviets have made considerable progress on multi transducer acousto-optic spectrum analyzers. It is also clear that the Japanese government is planning to continue to make optical computing one of its high priority areas, with its NIPT (New Information Processing Technology project), and are projected to continue to investigate so called sixth generation computer technologies.

  8. Harvard University Information Technology Applicaton for Email Account Extension

    E-print Network

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Harvard University Information Technology Applicaton for Email Account Extension Return To: Phone: 617-495-9000 / Fax: 888-316-3492 Email: accounts@fas.harvard.edu Section A: Applicant Information Department: Date: Phone: Extension End Date: Harvard University Information Technology Current email on FAS

  9. The City College of New York Office of Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Brinkmann, Peter

    The City College of New York Office of Information Technology (OIT) 212.650.7878 servicedesk on your phone The City College of New York Office of Information Technology (OIT) 212.650.7878 servicedesk note: recent iOS updates may not require entering the server information, they will auto- detect

  10. Transforming Health Care through Information Technology. Report to the President.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC.

    This is one in a series of reports to the President and Congress developed by the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) on key contemporary issues in information technology. This report argues that significant improvements in health care would be possible if modern clinical information systems were widely implemented and a…

  11. Industrial and agricultural process heat information user study

    SciTech Connect

    Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

    1981-03-01

    The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar industrial and agricultural process heat (IAPH) are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 10 IAPH groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: IPH Researchers; APH Researchers; Representatives of Manufacturers of Concentrating and Nonconcentrating Collectors; Plant, Industrial, and Agricultural Engineers; Educators; Representatives of State Agricultural Offices; and County Extension Agents.

  12. From Information Technology to Informatics: The Information Revolution in Dental Education

    PubMed Central

    Schleyer, Titus K.; Thyvalikakath, Thankam P.; Spallek, Heiko; Dziabiak, Michael P.; Johnson, Lynn A.

    2014-01-01

    The capabilities of information technology (IT) have advanced precipitously in the last fifty years. Many of these advances have enabled new and beneficial applications of IT in dental education. However, conceptually, IT use in dental schools is only in its infancy. Challenges and opportunities abound for improving how we support clinical care, education, and research with IT. In clinical care, we need to move electronic dental records beyond replicating paper, connect information on oral health to that on systemic health, facilitate collaborative care through teledentistry, and help clinicians apply evidence-based dentistry and preventive management strategies. With respect to education, we should adopt an evidence-based approach to IT use for teaching and learning, share effective educational content and methods, leverage technology-mediated changes in the balance of power between faculty and students, improve technology support for clinical teaching, and build an information infrastructure centered on learners and organizations. In research, opportunities include reusing clinical care data for research studies, helping advance computational methods for research, applying generalizable research tools in dentistry, and reusing research data and scientific workflows. In the process, we transition from a focus on IT—the mere technical aspects of applying computer technology—to one on informatics: the what, how, and why of managing information. PMID:22262557

  13. From information technology to informatics: the information revolution in dental education.

    PubMed

    Schleyer, Titus K; Thyvalikakath, Thankam P; Spallek, Heiko; Dziabiak, Michael P; Johnson, Lynn A

    2012-01-01

    The capabilities of information technology (IT) have advanced precipitously in the last fifty years. Many of these advances have enabled new and beneficial applications of IT in dental education. However, conceptually, IT use in dental schools is only in its infancy. Challenges and opportunities abound for improving how we support clinical care, education, and research with IT. In clinical care, we need to move electronic dental records beyond replicating paper, connect information on oral health to that on systemic health, facilitate collaborative care through teledentistry, and help clinicians apply evidence-based dentistry and preventive management strategies. With respect to education, we should adopt an evidence-based approach to IT use for teaching and learning, share effective educational content and methods, leverage technology-mediated changes in the balance of power between faculty and students, improve technology support for clinical teaching, and build an information infrastructure centered on learners and organizations. In research, opportunities include reusing clinical care data for research studies, helping advance computational methods for research, applying generalizable research tools in dentistry, and reusing research data and scientific workflows. In the process, we transition from a focus on IT-the mere technical aspects of applying computer technology-to one on informatics: the what, how, and why of managing information. PMID:22262557

  14. Technology Leadership or Technology Somnambulism? Exploring the Discourse of Integration amongst Information and Communication Technology Coordinators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonagh, Adrian; McGarr, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    This research aimed to explore information and communication technology (ICT) coordinators' discourse in relation to ICT integration in a sample of Irish post-primary schools. As ICT leaders in their schools, how they conceptualise ICT significantly influences school-based policy and use. The research involved semi-structured interviews with a…

  15. Creative Commons, Integrated Circuits, Open Access, Information Technologies 

    E-print Network

    Waelde, Charlotte

    2006-01-01

    The contribution to Oxford Enclopaedia broadly discusses the information technologies and technologies used to protect and disseminate content posted on the Internet. Creative Commons licenses as a means of protecting ...

  16. Information Technology and Community Restoration Studies/Task 1: Information Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Upton, Jaki F.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Stein, Steven L.

    2009-11-19

    Executive Summary The Interagency Biological Restoration Demonstration—a program jointly funded by the Department of Defense's Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) Science and Technology Directorate—is developing policies, methods, plans, and applied technologies to restore large urban areas, critical infrastructures, and Department of Defense installations following the intentional release of a biological agent (anthrax) by terrorists. There is a perception that there should be a common system that can share information both vertically and horizontally amongst participating organizations as well as support analyses. A key question is: "How far away from this are we?" As part of this program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted research to identify the current information technology tools that would be used by organizations in the greater Seattle urban area in such a scenario, to define criteria for use in evaluating information technology tools, and to identify current gaps. Researchers interviewed 28 individuals representing 25 agencies in civilian and military organizations to identify the tools they currently use to capture data needed to support operations and decision making. The organizations can be grouped into five broad categories: defense (Department of Defense), environmental/ecological (Environmental Protection Agency/Ecology), public health and medical services, emergency management, and critical infrastructure. The types of information that would be communicated in a biological terrorism incident include critical infrastructure and resource status, safety and protection information, laboratory test results, and general emergency information. The most commonly used tools are WebEOC (web-enabled crisis information management systems with real-time information sharing), mass notification software, resource tracking software, and NW WARN (web-based information to protect critical infrastructure systems). It appears that the current information management tools are used primarily for information gathering and sharing—not decision making. Respondents identified the following criteria for a future software system. It is easy to learn, updates information in real time, works with all agencies, is secure, uses a visualization or geographic information system feature, enables varying permission levels, flows information from one stage to another, works with other databases, feeds decision support tools, is compliant with appropriate standards, and is reasonably priced. Current tools have security issues, lack visual/mapping functions and critical infrastructure status, and do not integrate with other tools. It is clear that there is a need for an integrated, common operating system. The system would need to be accessible by all the organizations that would have a role in managing an anthrax incident to enable regional decision making. The most useful tool would feature a GIS visualization that would allow for a common operating picture that is updated in real time. To capitalize on information gained from the interviews, the following activities are recommended: • Rate emergency management decision tools against the criteria specified by the interviewees. • Identify and analyze other current activities focused on information sharing in the greater Seattle urban area. • Identify and analyze information sharing systems/tools used in other regions.

  17. Occurrence reporting and processing of operations information

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-07-21

    DOE O 232.1A, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information, and 10 CFR 830.350, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (when it becomes effective), along with this manual, set forth occurrence reporting requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements and contractors responsible for the management and operation of DOE-owned and -leased facilities. These requirements include categorization of occurrences related to safety, security, environment, health, or operations (``Reportable Occurrences``); DOE notification of these occurrences; and the development and submission of documented follow-up reports. This Manual provides detailed information for categorizing and reporting occurrences at DOE facilities. Information gathered by the Occurrence Reporting and processing System is used for analysis of the Department`s performance in environmental protection, safeguards and security, and safety and health of its workers and the public. This information is also used to develop lessons learned and document events that significantly impact DOE operations.

  18. Image-plane processing of visual information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huck, F. O.; Fales, C. L.; Park, S. K.; Samms, R. W.

    1984-01-01

    Shannon's theory of information is used to optimize the optical design of sensor-array imaging systems which use neighborhood image-plane signal processing for enhancing edges and compressing dynamic range during image formation. The resultant edge-enhancement, or band-pass-filter, response is found to be very similar to that of human vision. Comparisons of traits in human vision with results from information theory suggest that: (1) Image-plane processing, like preprocessing in human vision, can improve visual information acquisition for pattern recognition when resolving power, sensitivity, and dynamic range are constrained. Improvements include reduced sensitivity to changes in lighter levels, reduced signal dynamic range, reduced data transmission and processing, and reduced aliasing and photosensor noise degradation. (2) Information content can be an appropriate figure of merit for optimizing the optical design of imaging systems when visual information is acquired for pattern recognition. The design trade-offs involve spatial response, sensitivity, and sampling interval.

  19. Information processing in dendrites II. Information theoretic complexity.

    PubMed

    Gurney, K N

    2001-10-01

    In the companion paper, we established a rationale for exploring the general principles of dendritic processing using a class of Boolean functions-the Multi-Cube Units (MCUs). Here, we use this approach to further characterise dendritic processing using ideas from information theory and studies in complexity. The starting point is a novel decomposition of a Boolean function's total mutual information (between input variables and the output). Each component of the decomposition is a mutual information measure with respect to a single input, conditioned on a subset of the remaining inputs. We call this decomposition the information spectrum and conceive of it as a re-representation of the function in the information domain. Furthermore, the information spectrum of a Boolean function may be assigned a complexity value using the approximate entropy introduced by Pincus (Pincus, S. M. (1991). Approximate entropy as a measure of system complexity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 88, 2297-2301). Using Monte Carlo methods, we provide evidence that the information spectral complexity of MCUs is larger than that of any other class of Boolean function. We explain this phenomenon in terms of information flow through the 2-stage MCU architecture. Under our modelling assumptions, the implication for biological neural processing is that dendrites implement functions that have maximal information spectral complexity with respect to the class of multivariate functions from which they are drawn. PMID:11681747

  20. Fractals in Quantum Information Process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bi, Feng; Li, Chuan-Feng

    2013-01-01

    In the recent work of Kiss et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 (2011) 100501], the evolvement of two-qubit quantum states in a measurement-based purification process is studied. As they pointed out, the purification results manifest sensitivity to the applied initial states. The convergence regions to different stable circles are depicted on a complex plane. Because of the result patterns' likeness to typical fractals, we make further study on the interesting patterns' connection to fractals. Finally, through a numerical method we conclude that the boundaries of different islands of the patterns are fractals, which possess a non-integral fractal dimension. Also, we show that the fractal dimension would vary with the change of the portion of the noise added to the initial states.

  1. Information Processing with Structured Chemical Excitable Medium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Gorecki; J. N. Gorecka; Y. Igarashi; K. Yoshikawa

    2009-01-01

    \\u000a It is well known that an excitable medium can be used for information processing with pulses of excitation. In such medium\\u000a messages can be coded or in the number of pulses or in the sequences of times separating subsequent excitations. Information\\u000a is processed as the result of two major effects: interactions between pulses and interactions between a pulse and the

  2. Information processing with structured excitable medium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerzy Gorecki; Joanna Natalia Gorecka; Yasuhiro Igarashi

    2009-01-01

    There are many ways in which a nonlinear chemical medium can be used for information processing. Here we are concerned with\\u000a an excitable medium and the straightforward method of information coding: a single excitation pulse represents a bit of information\\u000a and a group of excitations forms a message. Our attention is focused on a specific type of nonhomogeneous medium that

  3. Computer Aided Management for Information Processing Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akman, Ibrahim; Kocamustafaogullari, Kemal

    1995-01-01

    Outlines the nature of information processing projects and discusses some project management programming packages. Describes an in-house interface program developed to utilize a selected project management package (TIMELINE) by using Oracle Data Base Management System tools and Pascal programming language for the management of information system…

  4. Information management and Process Improvement Using Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Ireland

    This paper describes a computer component manufacturing scenario which concentrates on the application of data mining techniques to improve information management and process improvement within a manufacturing scenario. The case- study involved, relates to an engineering component manufacturing company with a consortium of several plant outlets in various geographical locations world-wide. Currently, data, information and knowledge management, transparency and communication

  5. Process control systems: integrated for future process technologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Botros, Youssry; Hajj, Hazem M.

    2003-06-01

    Process Control Systems (PCS) are becoming more crucial to the success of Integrated Circuit makers due to their direct impact on product quality, cost, and Fab output. The primary objective of PCS is to minimize variability by detecting and correcting non optimal performance. Current PCS implementations are considered disparate, where each PCS application is designed, deployed and supported separately. Each implementation targets a specific area of control such as equipment performance, wafer manufacturing, and process health monitoring. With Intel entering the nanometer technology era, tighter process specifications are required for higher yields and lower cost. This requires areas of control to be tightly coupled and integrated to achieve the optimal performance. This requirement can be achieved via consistent design and deployment of the integrated PCS. PCS integration will result in several benefits such as leveraging commonalities, avoiding redundancy, and facilitating sharing between implementations. This paper will address PCS implementations and focus on benefits and requirements of the integrated PCS. Intel integrated PCS Architecture will be then presented and its components will be briefly discussed. Finally, industry direction and efforts to standardize PCS interfaces that enable PCS integration will be presented.

  6. People in a Technology Driven Future: On the Social Relations of New Information Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.

    This keynote address examines the social relations of information technology in the future. Examples of the recent history of technology related to transportation, printing, and nuclear energy are presented. Some troubling examples of the social relations of new information technologies that are emerging on a global scale are then discussed,…

  7. Client/server technology: Is it beneficial in the engineering information and information technology environment?

    SciTech Connect

    Norton, F.J.

    1996-06-10

    Client/server systems have been touted as the next step in the advance of the computer into modern, computer-aided drafting (CAD), computer-aided engineering (CAE), geographical information systems (GIS), engineering information (EI) technology, and information technology (IT) society, but they are not a solution to every organizations problems when it comes to advanced computer technology. Some of the ideas that are presented here are {open_quotes}old hat.{close_quotes} Then I ask you, why don`t we follow there {open_quotes}old hat{close_quotes} principles? This paper attempts and explores the advantages and disadvantages of these popular systems. The client/server architecture, apart from its ability to manage CAD/CAE/GIS and EI/IT and deliver it to decision makers in a timely fashion, offers many compelling advantages. There is, however, a downside to the widespread acceptance of the client/server environment. Users who expect to save money may be very disappointed. This paper provides a set of guidelines to help senior managers determine whether client/server computing is right for their CAD/CAE/GIS and IT organizations. From this point on, the abbreviations, CAD/CAE/GIS and EI/IT will be jointly referred to as {open_quotes}EI/IT{close_quotes} systems.

  8. Computer and information technology in the year 2000 - a projection

    SciTech Connect

    Lundstrom, S.F.; Larsen, R.L.

    1985-09-01

    The reasoning and conclusions drawn by a panel of experts from the National Research Council who, at the request of NASA, considered information and computer technologies which would be available in the year 2000 are reported. The deliberations covered microelectronics and components, processors, software, AI and expert systems, man-machine interfaces, systems development and implementation and high-integrity systems. It was projected that components would be 2-3 orders of magnitude more cost- and size-effective by the turn of the century. Airborne systems would carry 50 Mb RAM and perform operations at 1 GIPS. Supercomputers would have been pushed to 1 Tflops with 10 Gwords of RAM and 100-100,000 processing elements. The parallel progress in aerospace technologies will directly depend on the degree aerospace engineers access the new computing power. 7 references.

  9. Five constants of information technology adoption in healthcare.

    PubMed

    Bernstein, Mariel L; McCreless, Tamuchin; Côté, Murray J

    2007-01-01

    The healthcare industry has developed a dependence on information technology (IT) for maintaining and improving both clinical and business operations. Whether IT is used for office automation or for reducing medical errors, there are five constants that routinely influence the successful integration of IT in healthcare. These constants are the proper use and maintenance of the IT budget, the role of supportive leadership, the use of project management, the process of implementation, and the significance of end user involvement. These constants challenge healthcare organizations to efficiently and effectively use their financial and human resources when adopting new IT. These constants also shape how the healthcare industry approaches the adoption and utilization of new IT. A collective understanding of these constants and their interrelationships will enable healthcare organizations to better integrate new IT and achieve organizational goals of developing a solid technological infrastructure to truly enhance the delivery of quality healthcare. PMID:17405421

  10. Electronic Discovery and the Adoption of Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth

    After firms adopt electronic information and communication technologies, their decision-making leaves a trail of electronic information that may be more extensive and accessible than a paper trail. We ask how the expected ...

  11. An Environment Supporting Visual Information Processing Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eleni Kaldoudi; Marios Zikos; Stelios C. Orphanoudakis

    1997-01-01

    Visual information processing is a rather mature and r ich field. An impressive amount of image and video processing algorithms are currently available fo r a great variety of applications. There is also a considerable number of software packages, either commer cial products or academic shareware, ranging from dedicated systems aiming at solving very specific problems, to open environments designed

  12. Process Management for Geographical Information Systems Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen G. MacDonell

    The controlled management of software processes, an area of ongoing research in the business systems domain, is equally important in the development of geographical information systems (GIS). Appropriate software processes must be defined, used and managed in order to ensure that, as much as possible, systems are developed to quality standards on time and within budget. However, specific characteristics of

  13. Systematic information processing style and perseverative worry.

    PubMed

    Dash, Suzanne R; Meeten, Frances; Davey, Graham C L

    2013-12-01

    This review examines the theoretical rationale for conceiving of systematic information processing as a proximal mechanism for perseverative worry. Systematic processing is characterised by detailed, analytical thought about issue-relevant information, and in this way, is similar to the persistent, detailed processing of information that typifies perseverative worry. We review the key features and determinants of systematic processing, and examine the application of systematic processing to perseverative worry. We argue that systematic processing is a mechanism involved in perseverative worry because (1) systematic processing is more likely to be deployed when individuals feel that they have not reached a satisfactory level of confidence in their judgement and this is similar to the worrier's striving to feel adequately prepared, to have considered every possible negative outcome/detect all potential danger, and to be sure that they will successfully cope with perceived future problems; (2) systematic processing and worry are influenced by similar psychological cognitive states and appraisals; and (3) the functional neuroanatomy underlying systematic processing is located in the same brain regions that are activated during worrying. This proposed mechanism is derived from core psychological processes and offers a number of clinical implications, including the identification of psychological states and appraisals that may benefit from therapeutic interventions for worry-based problems. PMID:24056060

  14. TECHNOLOGY SUMMARY ADVANCING TANK WASTE RETREIVAL AND PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect

    SAMS TL

    2010-07-07

    This technology overview provides a high-level summary of technologies being investigated and developed by Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to advance Hanford Site tank waste retrieval and processing. Technology solutions are outlined, along with processes and priorities for selecting and developing them.

  15. TECHNOLOGY SUMMARY ADVANCING TANK WASTE RETRIEVAL AND PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect

    SAMS TL; MENDOZA RE

    2010-08-11

    This technology overview provides a high-level summary of technologies being investigated and developed by Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to advance Hanford Site tank waste retrieval and processing. Technology solutions are outlined, along with processes and priorities for selecting and developing them.

  16. Trends in Processing Technologies for Dried Aquatic Products

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yingqiang Wang; Min Zhang; Arun S. Mujumdar

    2011-01-01

    Fresh aquatic products are rich in nutritional compounds and are an important source of good protein for humans. Dehydration processing technologies of aquatic products used in practice are a mix of old and new technologies. With the rapid development of drying technologies and steadily increasing living standards, drying processing techniques as well as types of products produced have changed fundamentally.

  17. Modeling Manufacturing Processes to Mitigate Technological Risk

    SciTech Connect

    Allgood, G.O.; Manges, W.W.

    1999-10-24

    An economic model is a tool for determining the justifiable cost of new sensors and subsystems with respect to value and operation. This process balances the R and D costs against the expense of maintaining current operations and allows for a method to calculate economic indices of performance that can be used as control points in deciding whether to continue development or suspend actions. The model can also be used as an integral part of an overall control loop utilizing real-time process data from the sensor groups to make production decisions (stop production and repair machine, continue and warn of anticipated problems, queue for repairs, etc.). This model has been successfully used and deployed in the CAFE Project. The economic model was one of seven (see Fig. 1) elements critical in developing an investment strategy. It has been successfully used in guiding the R and D activities on the CAFE Project, suspending activities on three new sensor technologies, and continuing development o f two others. The model has also been used to justify the development of a new prognostic approach for diagnosing machine health using COTS equipment and a new algorithmic approach. maintaining current operations and allows for a method to calculate economic indices of performance that can be used as control points in deciding whether to continue development or suspend actions. The model can also be used as an integral part of an overall control loop utilizing real-time process data from the sensor groups to make production decisions (stop production and repair machine, continue and warn of anticipated problems, queue for repairs, etc.).

  18. A research analysis on the concept of converging technology and converging types of information technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. H. Choi

    2009-01-01

    The future technological revolution is expected to be led by converging technologies, having enormous effects on economic and industrial environments in the future. But there have been few attempts to make empirical approach to the concept of converging technologies. In order to obtain the overall concept of converging technologies, this study will look into the field of information & communication

  19. Information technology in ENT: are we ready to be 'Connected For Health'?

    PubMed

    Clamp, P J; Virdi, P; Vats, A; Pothier, D D

    2007-07-01

    The NHS Connecting for Health agency continues to implement the national programme for information technology within the National Health Service (NHS). In preparation, NHS employees are being encouraged to develop their information technology skills via the European computer driving licence training course. A postal survey of British Association of Otorhinolaryngologists members was undertaken to evaluate their levels of information technology training, competency and knowledge. Three hundred and thirty-six surgeons responded. Most respondents had received no formal information technology training. Only 3.9 per cent had taken the European computer driving licence course. Most surgeons felt comfortable using word processing and presentation software but were less comfortable with other applications. Junior surgeons were more confident in all areas of information technology application than senior surgeons. Seventy-two per cent of surgeons wanted more information technology training. Most felt that such training should be routine at undergraduate and postgraduate level. With the national programme committed to improving information technology infrastructure within the NHS, more formal training should be provided to ensure a basic standard of information technology competency amongst ENT surgeons. PMID:17052372

  20. Compensating for Information Externalities in Technology Diffusion Models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allan Shampine

    1998-01-01

    The role of information in the adoption of new technologies is discussed, focusing on the role of information externalities when nonadopters observe adopters in order to gather information. A Bayesian model of aggregate adoption is derived and the social planner's relationship to the model is discussed. The fact that the information externality is uncompensated suggests that too little adoption may

  1. Religious Education and Information Technology: Challenges and Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sajjadi, Seyed Mahdi

    2008-01-01

    With advances in information technology, the velocity of information production on the global level has expanded as well. This acceleration has led to the delegitimizing of knowledge, the equating of information with knowledge, and the giving of predominance to information rather than knowledge. This advance has created epistemological challenges…

  2. Charles Babbage Institute: Center for the History of Information Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Charles Babbage Institute (CBI), located at the University of Minnesota, emphasizes the importance "of the history of information technology and information processing and their impact on society." One of the most interesting parts of the CBI Web site is the Cray Research Virtual Museum exhibit, which showcases many of the supercomputing giant's accomplishments over the last half century. In the collections section, oral histories of many prominent computer scientists are given with complete interview transcripts. These transcripts tell the personal stories of the people who made the computer industry what it is today. There is also an interesting look at the history of computers in Hollywood, citing examples of movies that use computers as key plot elements.

  3. 2003 --Ninth Americas Conference on Information Systems 1653 FLEXIBILITY AND COST IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Walden, Eric

    , outsourcing, economic models, flexibility, base cost Introduction Information technology (IT) outsourcing2003 -- Ninth Americas Conference on Information Systems 1653 FLEXIBILITY AND COST IN INFORMATION examine the contract directly and show how the costs stipulated in the contract affect the nature

  4. The role of customer experience in technology strategy : implications for product adoption in information technology

    E-print Network

    Vernon, Mona Masghati

    2011-01-01

    This research identifies and describes the impact of customer experience on the adoption of information technology products. The research findings are applied to the business case of a global technology firm entering into ...

  5. SITE TECHNOLOGY CAPSULE: IN SITU STEAM ENHANCED RECOVERY PROCESS

    EPA Science Inventory

    This Technology Capsule report summarizes the findings of an evaluation of the in situ Steam Enhanced Recovery Process (SERP) operated by Hughes Environmental Systems, Inc. at the Rainbow Disposal facility in Huntington Beach, California. he technology demonstration was conducted...

  6. NEW NUMERICAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SIMULATION OF ARC WELDING PROCESSES

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    NEW NUMERICAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SIMULATION OF ARC WELDING PROCESSES Michel Bellet 1 , Makhlouf Antipolis, France; soudage@transvalor.com Keywords: welding, finite elements, material deposit, adaptive for arc welding simulation and analysis. The new numerical technologies essentially consist first

  7. Process Reporting Information Monitoring System (PRIMS.NET)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David J Bass

    2008-01-01

    The Process Reporting Information Monitoring System (PRIMS.NET) is a Human Machine Interface (HMI) that is to be provided with custom industrial machines built by Progressive Technologies, Inc. PRIMS.NET is a Microsoft Windows Application written using Visual Studio 2008 in VB.NET. The machines that this HMI will be used with are controlled by common industrial CNCs (Computer Numerical Controllers) including those

  8. 76 FR 37344 - Technology Evaluation Process

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    ...ACTION: Notice of request for information (RFI) comment period extension...SUMMARY: This is an extension of a prior RFI seeking comment on a proposed commercial...on the information contained within the RFI. DOE seeks comments and information...

  9. Information and Communication Technology Use and Economic Growth

    PubMed Central

    Farhadi, Maryam; Ismail, Rahmah; Fooladi, Masood

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, progress in information and communication technology (ICT) has caused many structural changes such as reorganizing of economics, globalization, and trade extension, which leads to capital flows and enhancing information availability. Moreover, ICT plays a significant role in development of each economic sector, especially during liberalization process. Growth economists predict that economic growth is driven by investments in ICT. However, empirical studies on this issue have produced mixed results, regarding to different research methodology and geographical configuration of the study. This paper examines the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) use on economic growth using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimator within the framework of a dynamic panel data approach and applies it to 159 countries over the period 2000 to 2009. The results indicate that there is a positive relationship between growth rate of real GDP per capita and ICT use index (as measured by the number of internet users, fixed broadband internet subscribers and the number of mobile subscription per 100 inhabitants). We also find that the effect of ICT use on economic growth is higher in high income group rather than other groups. This implies that if these countries seek to enhance their economic growth, they need to implement specific policies that facilitate ICT use. PMID:23152817

  10. Information and communication technology use and economic growth.

    PubMed

    Farhadi, Maryam; Ismail, Rahmah; Fooladi, Masood

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, progress in information and communication technology (ICT) has caused many structural changes such as reorganizing of economics, globalization, and trade extension, which leads to capital flows and enhancing information availability. Moreover, ICT plays a significant role in development of each economic sector, especially during liberalization process. Growth economists predict that economic growth is driven by investments in ICT. However, empirical studies on this issue have produced mixed results, regarding to different research methodology and geographical configuration of the study. This paper examines the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) use on economic growth using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimator within the framework of a dynamic panel data approach and applies it to 159 countries over the period 2000 to 2009. The results indicate that there is a positive relationship between growth rate of real GDP per capita and ICT use index (as measured by the number of internet users, fixed broadband internet subscribers and the number of mobile subscription per 100 inhabitants). We also find that the effect of ICT use on economic growth is higher in high income group rather than other groups. This implies that if these countries seek to enhance their economic growth, they need to implement specific policies that facilitate ICT use. PMID:23152817

  11. Changing behavior towards sustainable practices using Information Technology.

    PubMed

    Iveroth, Einar; Bengtsson, Fredrik

    2014-06-15

    This article addresses the question of how to change individuals' behavior towards more sustainable practices using Information Technology (IT). By following a multidisciplinary and socio-technical perspective, this inquiry is answered by applying a new framework-The Commonality Framework for IT-enabled Change-on a case study of sustainable behavioral change. The framework is grounded in practice theory and is used to analyze the implementation of an IT-system aimed at changing citizens' behavior towards more sustainable transport logistics and procurement in Uppsala, Sweden. The article applies case study research design and the empirical data consists of surveys, in-depth and semi-structured interviews, observations and archival documents. The results show how the change towards sustainable practices is an entanglement of both social and technical-structural elements across time. In this process, structures such as IT are the enablers, and the actors and their social activities are the tipping-point factors that ultimately determine the success of changing individuals' behavior towards a more sustainable direction. This article provides a more balanced view of how both actor and structure related properties interact during the on-going work with change towards greater sustainability practices than earlier research has offered. More specifically, the article offers both a lower-level theory and a method from which we can analyze change processes where technology is seen in its context, and where both technology and the human actor is brought forth to center stage. PMID:24681365

  12. Influence of Technology on Informal Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milheim, Karen L.

    2007-01-01

    Research suggests that technology use among adult literacy students has positive effects on learning outcomes, with the majority of these studies focused on traditional classroom environments where technology is used as a supplement to existing instruction. Adult literacy students are affected in many ways by technology use within less structured…

  13. The advancement of maintenance information technology : A literature review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mirka Kans

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – Maintenance management information technology (MMIT) systems have existed for some 40 years. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the advancement of these systems and compares the development of MMIT with other corporate information technology (IT) systems. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is a literature study of 97 scientific papers within the topic of MMIT in the period

  14. Library Information Technology Collaborations at the University of New Mexico

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha Bedard; Dale Hendrickson; Rebecca Lubas; Johann Van Reenen

    2012-01-01

    Information technology services and programs at the University of New Mexico are delivered by a mixture of distributed and centralized operations. Collaborations between the distributed services, largely in academic areas, as well as with central Information Technologies have been developed largely around point of need, historical arrangements, and personal interests. Recent changes in the leadership for Academic Affairs, the Office

  15. Educators Using Information Technology. GIS Video Series. [Videotape].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A M Productions Inc., Vancouver (British Columbia).

    This 57-minute videotape covers the "Florida Educators Using Information Technology" session of the "Eco-Informa '96" conference. Two speakers presented examples of environmental educators using information technology. The first speaker, Brenda Maxwell, is the Director and Developer of the Florida Science Institute based at Brevard Community…

  16. Declaration of MINOR Application Information Technology, Design and Startups

    E-print Network

    Crowston, Kevin

    Declaration of MINOR Application Information Technology, Design and Startups STEP 1: MEET://ischool.syr.edu/ #12;Declaration of MINOR Application Information Technology, Design and Startup Please type or print and Startups Do you have a dream of starting a new company? The minor

  17. Latinos and Information Technology. Perspectives for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilhelm, Tony; Rood, Justin, E.

    Data from the Current Population Surveys of the U.S. Census were used to construct this report on the access to and use of computers and information technology by the Hispanic population of the United States. The report explores four main issues, each of which is being transformed by innovations in information technology. The first issue…

  18. Ergonomics concerns and the impact of healthcare information technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Hedge; Tamara James; Sonja Pavlovic-Veselinovic

    2011-01-01

    The US healthcare industry is poised on the verge of a massive expansion of its information technology infrastructure. Healthcare information technology (IT) is permeating numerous areas of healthcare delivery and fundamentally changing the nature of many healthcare jobs. When a comparable expansion in HIT use occurred in the office environment in the 1980s, little attention was paid to ergonomic design

  19. The synergism of teleworking and information and communication technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manuela Pérez Pérez; Angel Martínez Sánchez; Pilar de Luis Carnicer; María José Vela Jiménez

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – Aims to contribute to the teleworking literature by analysing the differences between teleworking adopters and non-adopters regarding the use and impact of information and communication technologies. Design\\/methodology\\/aproach – Analyses the differences on the use and impact of information and communication technologies in a sample of Spanish companies. The data for the study come from a survey of a

  20. Harvard University Information Technology Application for Non-FAS Groups

    E-print Network

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Harvard University Information Technology Application for Non-FAS Groups All applicants· MUST as appropriate. Return To: Harvard University Information Technology Phone: 617-495-9000 / Fax: 888-316-3492 Email: accounts@fas.harvard.edu Section A: Primary Contact Applicant Name: Harvard ID #: Department