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1

Information Processing. Education for Technology Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information processing curriculum was developed to provide business education instructors in Illinois with a useful guide for relating important new technological advances to the vocational classroom. The competency-based learning activity guides are written to be used with computer hardware and software available at the secondary and…

Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb. Dept. of Technology.

2

Future Information Processing Technology--1983, Computer Science and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by the Institute for Computer Sciences and Technology and the Defense Intelligence Agency with input from other federal agencies, this detailed document contains the 1983 technical forecast for the information processing industry through 1997. Part I forecasts the underlying technologies of hardware and software, discusses changes in the…

Kay, Peg, Ed.; Powell, Patricia, Ed.

3

Information technology for remotely sensed data processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proposed information technology for remotely sensed data processing is based on anomaly detection methods and algorithms, which are invariant to signal and background scale and structure, is advancement of existing approaches. The information technology combines the following conceptions and approaches: satellite images fractal self-similarity; multiresolution analysis of functional spaces on the base of wavelet transform (WT); using recursive fractal scanning for reduction of multidimensional spaces into one-dimensional segment; using nonparametric statistics for signal detection in noisy background. Proposed technology allows to: decrease the threshold of hidden signal detection by several times; detect the signals with unknown form; solve the problems connected to incomplete knowledge of signal, nonstationary, non-markovian and singular noises; improve the performance of subpixel signal detection and estimation in case of limited spatial and temporal resolutions of sensors. The investigation of Hausdorf dimension and index of Hoerst statistic is performed. Solution of the following problems is planned as extension of this research: conjugation between WT and recursive scannings for obtaining the powerful signal analysis mathematics, development of S/N ratio increase methods on the base of statistical image segmentation using nonparametric statistics; improvement of accuracy of subpixel signal estimation on the base of using the fractal properties of images.

Sultanov, Albert H.; Bagmanov, Valeriy H.; Bakirov, Nail K.; Kisselev, Anton E.

2006-05-01

4

UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services (ITS), 10/31/2013  

E-print Network

UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services Technology Services & Chief Information Officer reports to the Chancellor, & all. · University Policy-making and Major Campus-wide Technology Decisions · IT Governance

Saidak, Filip

5

Information processing techniques program. Volume 1: Packet speech systems technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report describes work performed on the Packet Speech Systems Technology Program sponsored by the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency during the period 1 October 1979 through 1 March 1980.

Weinstein, C. J.; Blankenship, P. E.

1980-03-01

6

School of Science and Technology Randomness in Quantum Information Processing  

E-print Network

School of Science and Technology Randomness in Quantum Information Processing Research to-date has not fully attended to the practical constraints associated with uniform randomness in quantum-based research. While quantum cryptography relies on devices that exhibit uniform randomness, experimentalists have been

Evans, Paul

7

Spatial Information Processing: Standards-Based Open Source Visualization Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

. Spatial information intelligence is a global issue that will increasingly affect our ability to survive as a species. Collectively we must better appreciate the complex relationships that make life on Earth possible. Providing spatial information in its native context can accelerate our ability to process that information. To maximize this ability to process information, three basic elements are required: data delivery (server technology), data access (client technology), and data processing (information intelligence). NASA World Wind provides open source client and server technologies based on open standards. The possibilities for data processing and data sharing are enhanced by this inclusive infrastructure for geographic information. It is interesting that this open source and open standards approach, unfettered by proprietary constraints, simultaneously provides for entirely proprietary use of this same technology. 1. WHY WORLD WIND? NASA World Wind began as a single program with specific functionality, to deliver NASA content. But as the possibilities for virtual globe technology became more apparent, we found that while enabling a new class of information technology, we were also getting in the way. Researchers, developers and even users expressed their desire for World Wind functionality in ways that would service their specific needs. They want it in their web pages. They want to add their own features. They want to manage their own data. They told us that only with this kind of flexibility, could their objectives and the potential for this technology be truly realized. World Wind client technology is a set of development tools, a software development kit (SDK) that allows a software engineer to create applications requiring geographic visualization technology. 2. MODULAR COMPONENTRY Accelerated evolution of a technology requires that the essential elements of that technology be modular components such that each can advance independent of the other elements. World Wind therefore changed its mission from providing a single information browser to enabling a whole class of 3D geographic applications. Instead of creating a single program, World Wind is a suite of components that can be selectively used in any number of programs. World Wind technology can be a part of any application, or it can be a window in a web page. Or it can be extended with additional functionalities by application and web developers. World Wind makes it possible to include virtual globe visualization and server technology in support of any objective. The world community can continually benefit from advances made in the technology by NASA in concert with the world community. 3. OPEN SOURCE AND OPEN STANDARDS NASA World Wind is NASA Open Source software. This means that the source code is fully accessible for anyone to freely use, even in association with proprietary technology. Imagery and other data provided by the World Wind servers reside in the public domain, including the data server technology itself. This allows others to deliver their own geospatial data and to provide custom solutions based on users specific needs.

Hogan, P.

2009-12-01

8

Information processing model of information technology adaptation: an intra-organizational diffusion perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appropriate information technology (IT) diffusion facilitates the achievement of expected return on IT investments. The purpose of this study is to advance IT diffusion research by employing information processing theory as a lens with which to examine the adaptation (design, development, and installation) process. This is in contrast to much of the IT diffusion research, which focuses on factors affecting

Randolph B. Cooper; Richard A. Wolfe

2005-01-01

9

Information Technology Process Improvement Decision-Making: An Exploratory Study from the Perspective of Process Owners and Process Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is information available in the literature that discusses information technology (IT) governance and investment decision making from an executive-level perception, yet there is little information available that offers the perspective of process owners and process managers pertaining to their role in IT process improvement and investment…

Lamp, Sandra A.

2012-01-01

10

Supporting Information Processing in Museums with Adaptive Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

When people visit informal learning settings like museums, they often do not give priority to learning and knowledge building. This could be due to a leisure orientation or due reduced cognitive capacities available for information processing. To enhance collaborative and individual elaboration of information presented and individual as well as collaborative learning in museums it is assumed that information presentation

Eva Mayr

11

User Empowered Process for Information Technology Planning and Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching/learning process must drive technology planning. Over the past several years an effort at California Polytechnic State University has been underway to ensure that the culture of participatory and strategic governance promotes this principle, with both the users and the providers being of the same understanding and participating as…

Grimes, Joe; Zingg, Paul; Hanley, Jerry

12

An Interdisciplinary Approach to Teaching the Research Process Using Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interdisciplinary approach to the research process using information technology as implemented for sophomores at Stearns High School in Millinocket (Maine) integrates information skills and technology into biology and English curricula by helping students overcome obstacles encountered in the presearch or planning phase of the research…

Joyce, Marilyn; And Others

13

Assessing Factors Affecting Implementation of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Measurements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capability of organizations to operate on the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework is reliant on ITIL process measurements. Appropriate ITIL process measurements help ensure desired outcomes, enable corrective actions to take place prior to process failure, and direct process activities towards continuous improvement.…

Peterson, Kristy

2010-01-01

14

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

15

Process Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from ATETV, learn about the field of process technology and what it takes to work in the field from the perspectives of a student, a community college professor, and an industry specialist.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2010-07-11

16

Aeronautical Satellite-Assisted Process for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT) Conducted  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Broadband satellite communications for aeronautics marries communication and network technologies to address NASA's goals in information technology base research and development, thereby serving the safety and capacity needs of the National Airspace System. This marriage of technology increases the interactivity between airborne vehicles and ground systems. It improves decision-making and efficiency, reduces operation costs, and improves the safety and capacity of the National Airspace System. To this end, a collaborative project called the Aeronautical Satellite Assisted Process for Information Exchange through Network Technologies, or Aero-SAPIENT, was conducted out of Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, during November and December 2000.

Zernic, Michael J.

2002-01-01

17

Information Technology Project Processes: Understanding the Barriers to Improvement and Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, organizations lose millions of dollars due to IT (Information Technology) project failures. Over time, organizations have developed processes and procedures to help reduce the incidence of challenged IT projects. Research has shown that IT project processes can work to help reduce the number of challenged projects. The research in this…

Williams, Bernard L.

2009-01-01

18

The Integration of an Information Processing Center into a Modern Office/Word Processing Technology Course. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report and related materials are provided from an activity to set up an operating information processing center that would do the work initiated by personnel in the district and to incorporate the center into the Modern Office/Word Processing Technology course. The report details objectives, population and sample, and conclusions and…

LeVan, Jan; Arndt, Maridene

19

Computer Literacy: Data and Information Processing as the Core of the High Technology, Information Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our current transformation to a computer literate, high technology, information society has numerous implications for a new role for postsecondary education. To help define its own role, North Central Technical College (NCTC) has developed a strategic planning and human resource development model that specifies assumptions on which to base…

Groff, Warren H.

20

The evolving role of information technology in the drug discovery process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technologies for chemical structure prediction, heterogeneous database access, pattern discovery, and systems and molecular modeling have evolved to become core components of the modern drug discovery process. As this evolution continues, the balance between in silico modeling and ‘wet’ chemistry will continue to shift and it might eventually be possible to step through the discovery pipeline without the aid

Jeffrey Augen

2002-01-01

21

Information-Processing Architectures in Multidimensional Classification: A Validation Test of the Systems Factorial Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing methodology, known as the systems factorial technology (SFT), is being developed to diagnose the types of information-processing architectures (serial, parallel, or coactive) and stopping rules (exhaustive or self-terminating) that operate in tasks of multidimensional perception. Whereas most previous applications of SFT have been in…

Fific, Mario; Nosofsky, Robert M.; Townsend, James T.

2008-01-01

22

A Fifteen-Year Forecast of Information-Processing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed a variation of the DELPHI approach, a polling technique for systematically soliciting opinions from experts, to produce a technological forecast of developments in the information-processing industry. SEER (System for Event Evaluation and Review) combines the more desirable elements of existing techniques: (1) intuitive…

Bernstein, George B.

23

Systems Factorial Technology provides new insights on global-local information processing in autism spectrum disorders  

PubMed Central

Previous studies of global–local processing in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have indicated mixed findings, with some evidence of a local processing bias, or preference for detail-level information, and other results suggesting typical global advantage, or preference for the whole or gestalt. Findings resulting from this paradigm have been used to argue for or against a detail focused processing bias in ASDs, and thus have important theoretical implications. We applied Systems Factorial Technology, and the associated Double Factorial Paradigm (both defined in the text), to examine information processing characteristics during a divided attention global–local task in high-functioning individuals with an ASD and typically developing controls. Group data revealed global advantage for both groups, contrary to some current theories of ASDs. Information processing models applied to each participant revealed that task performance, although showing no differences at the group level, was supported by different cognitive mechanisms in ASD participants compared to controls. All control participants demonstrated inhibitory parallel processing and the majority demonstrated a minimum-time stopping rule. In contrast, ASD participants showed exhaustive parallel processing with mild facilitatory interactions between global and local information. Thus our results indicate fundamental differences in the stopping rules and channel dependencies in individuals with an ASD. PMID:23750050

Johnson, Shannon A.; Blaha, Leslie M.; Houpt, Joseph W.; Townsend, James T.

2010-01-01

24

SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY  

E-print Network

April 2004 SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY PRODUCTS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology Information technology security prod ucts are essential to better secure infor mation technology (IT) systems

25

The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process

Muglia, Victor O.

2010-01-01

26

Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability  

E-print Network

methods are being used to investigate the information technology adaptive process as it unfolds research outcomes include: (1) an analytic description of information technology adaptive process; (2 understanding of how the information technology adaptive process influences the human experience. Copyright

Anderson, Richard

27

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a problem commonly encountered in library automation projects: the conversion from existing card catalog formats to machine readable catalog (MARC) records. Catalog formats, the advantages of full versus limited records, changing computer technology, the advantages of full MARC records, and record standardization are among the topics…

Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

1982-01-01

28

The reorganization of higher education through information technology: understanding the process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this work is to understand the multidimensional effects of information technology on the organizational structure of higher education institutions. It is well documented that universities and colleges are spending millions of dollars on purchasing technology for their campuses (Green, 1991). Hawkins, 1989, 1991, and Penrod and Doliner, 1991 cite examples that the explosion of technology and its

Sheri L. Prupis

1992-01-01

29

Influence of Computers and Information Technology on Process Operations and Business Processes—A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing a company for longevity is dierent than managing for the stock price, the former requires flexibility, the latter requires a very short term (quarterly) focus. This paper describes some of the challenges to the management of industrial complexes brought about by the explosion of innovations in the informations system world. It focuses on a case study of a large,

J. Patrick Kennedy; Osvaldo Bascur

30

Improving NASA's technology transfer process through increased screening and evaluation in the information dissemination program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current status of NASA's technology transfer system can be improved if the technology transfer process is better understood. This understanding will only be gained if a detailed knowledge about factors generally influencing technology transfer is developed, and particularly those factors affecting technology transfer from government R and D agencies to industry. Secondary utilization of aerospace technology is made more difficult because it depends on a transfer process which crosses established organizational lines of authority and which is outside well understood patterns of technical applications. In the absence of a sound theory about technology transfer and because of the limited capability of government agencies to explore industry's needs, a team approach to screening and evaluation of NASA generated technologies is proposed which calls for NASA, and other organizations of the private and public sectors which influence the transfer of NASA generated technology, to participate in a screening and evaluation process to determine the commercial feasibility of a wide range of technical applications.

Laepple, H.

1979-01-01

31

Image processing technology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The primary objective of this project was to advance image processing and visualization technologies for environmental characterization. This was effected by developing and implementing analyses of remote sensing data from satellite and airborne platforms, and demonstrating their effectiveness in visualization of environmental problems. Many sources of information were integrated as appropriate using geographic information systems.

Van Eeckhout, E.; Pope, P.; Balick, L. [and others

1996-07-01

32

People and Process: Managing the Human Side of Information Technology Application. Professional Paper Series, #7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that the hard part of making the application of technology successful is the development of appropriate management structures and approaches, this paper reviews the research and writings of several top management and communications professionals and correlates these theories to the information technology environment on campus. Six…

Baltzer, Jan A.

33

Effects of Different Multimedia Presentations on Viewers' Information-Processing Activities Measured by Eye-Tracking Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study implemented eye-tracking technology to understand the impact of different multimedia instructional materials, i.e., five successive pages versus a single page with the same amount of information, on information-processing activities in 21 non-science-major college students. The findings showed that students demonstrated the same number…

Chuang, Hsueh-Hua; Liu, Han-Chin

2012-01-01

34

Department of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Department of Information Technology Human-Computer Interaction http://www.it.uu.se/research/hci #12;InformationTechnology-HCI Department of Information Technology | www.it.uu.se Today's menu Who we and collaboration Teaching KoF 2007, effects? Vision and plans Challenges #12;InformationTechnology

Flener, Pierre

35

Information and Communication Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Communication is a central aspect of all our lives. Today, our modes of communication are highly dependent on technologies such as the internet, wireless networks, phones, and computers. This issue of Topic in Depth explores the ways these forms of communication are part of our lives and highlights some new directions in communication technology.WordIQ Dictionary and Encyclopedia (1) offers this definition: "Communication is the process of exchanging information usually via a common system of symbols." The website explains some of the key process involved in communication and describes different forms of communication, such as animal communication, interpersonal communication, and computer-mediated communication. Also taking a broad view on communication, this world history website (2) provides some background on the mathematical theories that are used in designing telecommunications systems. The articles highlighted on this website from the Center for the Study of Technology and Society (4) attest to the far reaching influence of communication technology. As research on the MediaLab Europe website suggests (5), we have moved into not just developing technology that mediates interpersonal communication (such as phones) but also creating "intimate and personal connections with and through new technologies." This NSF website (6) also highlights some recent discoveries in Computer Information Science and Engineering. Finally, this article from First Monday (7) discusses the far-reaching effects these new developments in technology and globalization are having on language and learning.

36

Aeronautical-Satellite-Assisted Process Being Developed for Information Exchange Through Network Technologies (Aero-SAPIENT)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communications technologies are being developed to address safety issues during aviation travel. Some of these technologies enable the aircraft to be in constant bidirectional communications with necessary systems, people, and other aircraft that are not currently in place today. Networking technologies, wireless datalinks, and advanced avionics techniques are areas of particular importance that the NASA Glenn Research Center has contributed. Glenn, in conjunction with the NASA Ames Research Center, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, and NASA Langley Research Center, is investigating methods and applications that would utilize these communications technologies. In mid-June 2000, the flight readiness of the network and communications technologies were demonstrated via a simulated aircraft. A van simulating an aircraft was equipped with advanced phased-array antennas (Advanced Communications/Air Traffic Management (AC/ATM) Advanced Air Transportation Technologies (AATT) project) that used commercial Ku-band satellite communications to connect Glenn, Dryden, and Ames in a combined system ground test. This test simulated air-ground bidirectional transport of real-time digital audio, text, and video data via a hybrid network configuration that demonstrated the flight readiness of the network and communications technologies. Specifically, a Controller Pilot Data Link Communications application was used with other applications to demonstrate a multiprotocol capability via Internet-protocol encapsulated ATN (Aeronautical Telecommunications Network) data packets. The significance of this combined ground test is its contribution to the Aero Information Technology Base Program Level I milestone (Software Technology investment area) of a real-time data link for the National Airspace System. The objective of this milestone was to address multiprotocol technology applicable for real-time data links between aircraft, a satellite, and the ground as well as the ability to distribute flight data with multilevel priorities among several sites.

Zernic, Michael J.

2001-01-01

37

INFORMATION SYSTEMS Information Technology  

E-print Network

and busi- ness approach simulates how complex problems are actually solved in the busi- ness world. Our MS of direc- tors and C-Level executives. Our instructors work in the real-world and so can pro- vide sound, and propagation of business performance information to all levels of management are built in. Our program features

Sridhar, Srinivas

38

Information Technology Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses accountability concerns in higher education regarding the value of information technology expenditures and applications and suggests the importance of institutional information technology plans. Topics include academic libraries and information technology plans; plan structures; writing a plan; and recommended sections to include in an…

Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

39

Document ID: POLUMITEDQ00103 Information Technology  

E-print Network

Document ID: POLUMITEDQ00103 Information Technology Supersedes: POLUMITEDQ00102 Effective Date core competencies in computer based technologies. Comply with electronic records, electronic data entry and processing). #12;Document ID: POLUMITEDQ00103 Information Technology Supersedes

Miami, University of

40

PREFACE: Quantum information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics and the classical information technologies transformed the physics of semiconductors. Photonics has given optical materials a new direction. Quantum information technologies, we believe, will have immense impact on condensed matter physics. The novel systems of quantum information processing need to be designed and made. Their behaviours must be manipulated in ways that are intrinsically quantal and generally nanoscale. Both in this special issue and in previous issues (see e.g., Spiller T P and Munro W J 2006 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18 V1-10) we see the emergence of new ideas that link the fundamentals of science to the pragmatism of market-led industry. We hope these papers will be followed by many others on quantum information processing in the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.

Briggs, Andrew; Ferry, David; Stoneham, Marshall

2006-05-01

41

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

42

Technology Advertising Contact Information  

E-print Network

Overview #12;Technology Advertising Contact Information Alex Sheath 8596 4063 asheath Overview Our online Technology section is geared towards an IT professional environment, reaching a range of technology enthusiasts from every day gadget consumers to business decision makers where enterprise solutions

Peters, Richard

43

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information ­ Part 2: XML Version NIST Special 500-275 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format

44

Process Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, learn about process technology and career opportunities in this field. Process refers to the steps that chemicals go through to become products, like gasoline or medicine. Process technology is used in just about every manufacturing industry, from pharmaceuticals to automobiles to cosmetics. A process technician keeps the machines that process chemicals running smoothly.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-06-04

45

Integrated care information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counties Manukau District Health Board (CMDHB) uses information technology (IT) to drive its Integrated Care strategy. IT enables the sharing of relevant health information between care providers. This information sharing is critical to closing the gaps between fragmented areas of the health system. The tragic case of James Whakaruru demonstrates how people have been falling through those gaps. The starting

Ian Rowe; Phil Brimacombe

46

Information Technology and Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines key trends and developments in information technology, and the implications of those developments on stability and security. Focus is on cyber threats to computer networks, including information theft and sabotage, and acts that disrupt or deny services. Seven trend areas are examined: ubiquity, mobility, hacking tools, performance, vulnerabilities, groundedness, and information security. Trends in these areas are

Dorothy E. Denning

47

Information Technology and Management Department of Information Technology and Management  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Management Department of Information Technology and Management Daniel F Chicago, IL 60616 appliedtech.iit.edu/information-technology-and- management Dean and Chair: C. Robert in the information technology and cyber security fields. The Information Technology and Management degrees apply

Heller, Barbara

48

Intelligent C2 Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Present day and future joint warfare will increasingly demand rapid processing and transfer of data for Command and Control (C2). Improved capabilities to take this data and effectively utilize it for decisions is critical. Commanders need to obtain and use timely battle space information to make informed decisions. While capabilities for Air Force C2 has seen some technology improvements in

Craig S. Anken

49

Mapping healthcare information technology  

E-print Network

In this thesis I have developed a map of Healthcare Information Technology applications used in the United States for care delivery, healthcare enterprise management, clinical support, research and patient engagement. No ...

Crawford, William Charles Richards

2010-01-01

50

COMPUTER SCIENCE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

COMPUTER SCIENCE and INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY POSTGRADUATE STUDIES 2006 School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science The University of New England Armidale, NSW, Australia Printed courses in computer science and the graduate level topics in computer science which are offered

Dunstan, Neil

51

Information and Learning Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment of the cost effectiveness of information technologies should pay attention to such benefits as learner motivation, individualization, efficiency, self-assessment, retention, consistent quality, and distributive power. (SK)

Clarke, Alan

1997-01-01

52

Improvement of workflow and processes to ease and enrich meaningful use of health information technology.  

PubMed

The introduction of health information technology (HIT) can have unexpected and unintended patient safety and/or quality consequences. This highly desirable but complex intervention requires workflow changes in order to be effective. Workflow is often cited by providers as the number one 'pain point'. Its redesign needs to be tailored to the organizational context, current workflow, HIT system being introduced, and the resources available. Primary care practices lack the required expertise and need external assistance. Unfortunately, the current methods of using esoteric charts or software are alien to health care workers and are, therefore, perceived to be barriers. Most importantly and ironically, these do not readily educate or enable staff to inculcate a common vision, ownership, and empowerment among all stakeholders. These attributes are necessary for creating highly reliable organizations. We present a tool that addresses US Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical (ACGME) competency requirements. Of the six competencies called for by the ACGME, the two that this tool particularly addresses are 'system-based practice' and 'practice-based learning and continuing improvement'. This toolkit is founded on a systems engineering approach. It includes a motivational and orientation presentation, 128 magnetic pictorial and write-erase icons of 40 designs, dry-erase magnetic board, and five visual aids for reducing cognitive and emotive biases in staff. Pilot tests were carried out in practices in Western New York and Colorado, USA. In addition, the toolkit was presented at the 2011 North American Primary Care Research Group (NAPCRG) meeting and an Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) meeting in 2013 to solicit responses from attendees. It was also presented to the officers of the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) for HIT. All qualitative feedback was extremely positive and enthusiastic. The respondents recommended that the toolkit be disseminated widely to improve staff education and training, leading to practice improvements. PMID:24235855

Singh, Ranjit; Singh, Ashok; Singh, Devan R; Singh, Gurdev

2013-01-01

53

Information Technology Outlook 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Information Technology Outlook 1997_ is published by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It analyzes major IT (information technology) market trends, the impact of IT networks on the economy and government use of IT to deliver services. Other issues covered in the report include "Internet congestion, recent software developments (component software, data mining), and IT's effect on the packaged goods industry (supermarkets, department stores, specialty retail)."

1997-01-01

54

The information technology revolution  

SciTech Connect

This book deals with advances in telecommunications, artificial intelligence, supercomputers, personal computers, and the use of information technology. It focuses on computer crime, privacy, the impact of new technology on women and on the Third World, ''smart'' weapons, and the future of work.

Forester, T.

1985-01-01

55

Examining the potential of information technology to improve public insurance application processes: enrollee assessments from a concurrent mixed method analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the perceived readiness of Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) enrollees to use information technologies (IT) in order to facilitate improvements in the application processes for these public insurance programs. Methods We conducted a concurrent mixed method study of Medicaid and CHIP enrollees in a southern state. We conducted focus groups to identify enrollee concerns regarding the current application process and their IT proficiency. Additionally, we surveyed beneficiaries via telephone about their access to and use of the Internet, and willingness to adopt IT-enabled processes. 2013 households completed the survey. We used ?2 analysis for comparisons across different groups of respondents. Results A majority of enrollees will embrace IT-enabled enrollment, but a small yet significant group continues to lack access to facilitating technologies. Moreover, a segment of beneficiaries in the two programs continues to place a high value on personal interactions with program caseworkers. Discussion IT holds the promise of improving efficiency and reducing barriers for enrollees, but state and federal agencies managing public insurance programs need to ensure access to traditional processes and make caseworkers available to those who require and value such assistance, even after implementing IT-enabled processes. Conclusions The use of IT-enabled processes is essential for effectively managing eligibility and enrollment determinations for public programs and private plans offered through state or federally operated exchanges. However, state and federal officials should be cognizant of the technological readiness of recipients and provide offline help to ensure broad participation in the insurance market. PMID:24939970

Mishra, Abhay Nath; Ketsche, Patricia; Marton, James; Snyder, Angela; McLaren, Susan

2014-01-01

56

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

57

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

58

Information and communication technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the National Science Foundation (NSF) commissioned a panel of U.S. experts to study the international status of satellite communications systems and technology. The study covers emerging systems concepts, applications, services, and the attendant technologies. The panel members traveled to Europe, Japan, and Russia to gather information firsthand. They visited 17 sites in Europe, 20 in Japan, and 4 in Russia. These included major manufacturers, government organizations, service providers, and associated research and development facilities. The panel's report was reviewed by the sites visited, by the panel, and by representatives of U.S. industry. The report details the information collected and compares it to U.S. activities.

Edelson, Burton I.; Pelton, Joseph N.; Bostian, Charles W.; Brandon, William T.; Chan, Vincent W. S.; Hager, E. Paul; Helm, Neil R.; Jennings, Raymond D.; Kwan, Robert K.; Mahle, Christoph E.

1994-01-01

59

Information Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, you'll learn about the wide range of jobs that an information technology (IT) degree can make possible. From PCs to smartphones to cars, almost every tool we use today has computer technology embedded in it. The IT specialist is the person who keeps those computers operating and finds ways to make them run faster and more smoothly, so we can all get our work done.The video runs 1:37 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

60

Advances in information processing in oceans technology a 40 year review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Raw data can be filtered, aggregated, transformed, fused, visualized, and correlated, yet data by itself is of no practical value. For data to be of value it must first be interpreted. Interpretation\\/analysis is a necessary but insufficient condition for conveying information. The interpretation must impact the behavior of the end user for the data to be truly useful, hence the

Vincent William Porto

2008-01-01

61

Speech processing: An evolving technology  

SciTech Connect

As we enter the information age, speech processing is emerging as an important technology for making machines easier and more convenient for humans to use. It is both an old and a new technology - dating back to the invention of the telephone and forward, at least in aspirations, to the capabilities of HAL in 2001. Explosive advances in microelectronics now make it possible to implement economical real-time hardware for sophisticated speech processing - processing that formerly could be demonstrated only in simulations on main-frame computers. As a result, fundamentally new product concepts - as well as new features and functions in existing products - are becoming possible and are being explored in the marketplace. As the introductory piece to this issue, the authors draw a brief perspective on the evolving field of speech processing and assess the technology in the the three constituent sectors: speech coding, synthesis, and recognition.

Crochiere, R.E.; Flanagan, J.L.

1986-09-01

62

Procedia Information Technology & Computer  

E-print Network

referred to as SLAM or Simultaneous Localization and Mapping [1] [2] [3], and is considered of motions used by the robot to map the environment. Keywords: SLAM, topological word, explorationProcedia Information Technology & Computer Science 00 (2013) 000-000 3rd World Conference

Jenkin, Michael R. M.

63

Simplified Factoring Algorithms for Validating Small-Scale Quantum Information Processing Technologies  

E-print Network

Tomography has reached its practical limits in characterization of new quantum devices, and there is a need for a new means of characterizing and validating new technological advances in this field. We propose a different verification scheme based on compiled versions of Shor's factoring algorithm that may be extended to large circuits in the future. The general version Shor's algorithm has been experimentally elusive due to bottlenecks associated with the modular exponentiation operation. Experiments to date have only been able to execute compiled versions of the latter operation. We provide some new compiled circuits for experimentalists to use in the near future. We also demonstrate that an additional layer of compilation can be added using classical operations, that will reduce the number of qubits and gates needed in a given compiled circuit.

Omar Gamel; Daniel F. V. James

2013-10-24

64

Towards Online Delivery of Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning Techniques in Information Technology Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) is a technique used to teach in large lectures and tutorials. It invokes interaction, team building, learning and interest through highly structured group work. Currently, POGIL has only been implemented in traditional classroom settings where all participants are physically present. However,…

Trevathan, Jarrod; Myers, Trina

2013-01-01

65

Process Technology: Process Maintenance Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, youâÂÂll meet Tyrone Walker, who keeps the enormous machines at a Tupperware factory running 24/7/365. Tyrone is a process maintenance engineer. This means he inspects all the parts of a machineâÂÂs electronics system looking for problems, from the tiniest components to the machine as a whole. Tyrone's community college degree in electronic engineering is key to doing this job, which he loves.The video runs 2:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-06-04

66

Information Technology and Management Information Technology and Management  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Management Information Technology and Management IIT School of Applied Technology Daniel F. and Ada L. Rice Campus 201 E. Loop Road Wheaton, IL 60187 www.iit.edu/applied tech/ Dean Technology & Management program is to educate and inform students to prepare them to assume technical

Heller, Barbara

67

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint Facial, & Other Biometric Information ­ Part 1 NIST Special Publication 500-271 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange

68

Information Processing - Administrative Data Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A three semester, 60-credit course package in the topic of Administrative Data Processing (ADP), offered in 1966 at Stockholm University (SU) and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) is described. The package had an information systems engineering orientation. The first semester focused on datalogical topics, while the second semester focused on the infological topics. The third semester aimed to deepen the students’ knowledge in different parts of ADP and at writing a bachelor thesis. The concluding section of this paper discusses various aspects of the department’s first course effort. The course package led to a concretisation of our discipline and gave our discipline an identity. Our education seemed modern, “just in time”, and well adapted to practical needs. The course package formed the first concrete activity of a group of young teachers and researchers. In a forty-year perspective, these people have further developed the department and the topic to an internationally well-reputed body of knowledge and research. The department has produced more than thirty professors and more than one hundred doctoral degrees.

Bubenko, Janis

69

Rare-earth-doped materials with application to optical signal processing, quantum information science, and medical imaging technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unique spectroscopic properties of isolated rare earth ions in solids offer optical linewidths rivaling those of trapped single atoms and enable a variety of recent applications. We design rare-earth-doped crystals, ceramics, and fibers with persistent or transient "spectral hole" recording properties for applications including high-bandwidth optical signal processing where light and our solids replace the high-bandwidth portion of the electronics; quantum cryptography and information science including the goal of storage and recall of single photons; and medical imaging technology for the 700-900 nm therapeutic window. Ease of optically manipulating rare-earth ions in solids enables capturing complex spectral information in 105 to 108 frequency bins. Combining spatial holography and spectral hole burning provides a capability for processing high-bandwidth RF and optical signals with sub-MHz spectral resolution and bandwidths of tens to hundreds of GHz for applications including range-Doppler radar and high bandwidth RF spectral analysis. Simply stated, one can think of these crystals as holographic recording media capable of distinguishing up to 108 different colors. Ultra-narrow spectral holes also serve as a vibration-insensitive sub-kHz frequency reference for laser frequency stabilization to a part in 1013 over tens of milliseconds. The unusual properties and applications of spectral hole burning of rare earth ions in optical materials are reviewed. Experimental results on the promising Tm3+:LiNbO3 material system are presented and discussed for medical imaging applications. Finally, a new application of these materials as dynamic optical filters for laser noise suppression is discussed along with experimental demonstrations and theoretical modeling of the process.

Cone, R. L.; Thiel, C. W.; Sun, Y.; Böttger, Thomas; Macfarlane, R. M.

2012-02-01

70

Vaccine process technology.  

PubMed

The evolution of vaccines (e.g., live attenuated, recombinant) and vaccine production methods (e.g., in ovo, cell culture) are intimately tied to each other. As vaccine technology has advanced, the methods to produce the vaccine have advanced and new vaccine opportunities have been created. These technologies will continue to evolve as we strive for safer and more immunogenic vaccines and as our understanding of biology improves. The evolution of vaccine process technology has occurred in parallel to the remarkable growth in the development of therapeutic proteins as products; therefore, recent vaccine innovations can leverage the progress made in the broader biotechnology industry. Numerous important legacy vaccines are still in use today despite their traditional manufacturing processes, with further development focusing on improving stability (e.g., novel excipients) and updating formulation (e.g., combination vaccines) and delivery methods (e.g., skin patches). Modern vaccine development is currently exploiting a wide array of novel technologies to create safer and more efficacious vaccines including: viral vectors produced in animal cells, virus-like particles produced in yeast or insect cells, polysaccharide conjugation to carrier proteins, DNA plasmids produced in E. coli, and therapeutic cancer vaccines created by in vitro activation of patient leukocytes. Purification advances (e.g., membrane adsorption, precipitation) are increasing efficiency, while innovative analytical methods (e.g., microsphere-based multiplex assays, RNA microarrays) are improving process understanding. Novel adjuvants such as monophosphoryl lipid A, which acts on antigen presenting cell toll-like receptors, are expanding the previously conservative list of widely accepted vaccine adjuvants. As in other areas of biotechnology, process characterization by sophisticated analysis is critical not only to improve yields, but also to determine the final product quality. From a regulatory perspective, Quality by Design (QbD) and Process Analytical Technology (PAT) are important initiatives that can be applied effectively to many types of vaccine processes. Universal demand for vaccines requires that a manufacturer plan to supply tens and sometimes hundreds of millions of doses per year at low cost. To enable broader use, there is intense interest in improving temperature stability to allow for excursions from a rigid cold chain supply, especially at the point of vaccination. Finally, there is progress in novel routes of delivery to move away from the traditional intramuscular injection by syringe approach. PMID:22407777

Josefsberg, Jessica O; Buckland, Barry

2012-06-01

71

September 2005 ADVISING USERS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

September 2005 ADVISING USERS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY BBuulllleettiinn BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES: HELPING TO PROTECT INFORMATION AND AUTOMATED TRANSACTIONS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES: HELPING TO PROTECT INFORMATION AND AUTOMATED TRANSACTIONS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS

72

Today's Date __/__/20__ Information Technology  

E-print Network

Today's Date __/__/20__ Information Technology Information and Learning Commons/ McCarthy Commons _________________ Email Address _________________________________ Major ______________________ Expected Graduation Date _________________________________________________________________ City ______________________________ State ___________ Zip ___________________ Dates of Employment

de Lijser, Peter

73

Evaluating geographic information systems technology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Computerized geographic information systems (GISs) are emerging as the spatial data handling tools of choice for solving complex geographical problems. However, few guidelines exist for assisting potential users in identifying suitable hardware and software. A process to be followed in evaluating the merits of GIS technology is presented. Related standards and guidelines, software functions, hardware components, and benchmarking are discussed. By making users aware of all aspects of adopting GIS technology, they can decide if GIS is an appropriate tool for their application and, if so, which GIS should be used.

Guptill, Stephen C.

1989-01-01

74

Outsourcing information technology  

SciTech Connect

Although it has become almost routine in most industries, outsourcing has only emerged as a hot topic in the utility industry over the past few years. Information technology (IT) is a prime candidate for outsourcing alternatives. And while not a panacea for all utilities, the trend to consider outsourcing one or more IT functions will become increasingly important as companies struggle to cope with deregulation and competitive pressures. This article describes how to determine if outsourcing is a viable alternative for a utility, and how to determine what is to be outsourced and how to manage the contract.

Gordon, K.A. (Planmetrics Inc., Chicago, IL (United States))

1994-01-15

75

Particle processing technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, there has been strong demand for the development of novel devices and equipment that support advanced industries including IT/semiconductors, the environment, energy and aerospace along with the achievement of higher efficiency and reduced environmental impact. Many studies have been conducted on the fabrication of innovative inorganic materials with novel individual properties and/or multifunctional properties including electrical, dielectric, thermal, optical, chemical and mechanical properties through the development of particle processing. The fundamental technologies that are key to realizing such materials are (i) the synthesis of nanoparticles with uniform composition and controlled crystallite size, (ii) the arrangement/assembly and controlled dispersion of nanoparticles with controlled particle size, (iii) the precise structural control at all levels from micrometer to nanometer order and (iv) the nanostructural design based on theoretical/experimental studies of the correlation between the local structure and the functions of interest. In particular, it is now understood that the application of an external stimulus, such as magnetic energy, electrical energy and/or stress, to a reaction field is effective in realizing advanced particle processing [1-3]. This special issue comprises 12 papers including three review papers. Among them, seven papers are concerned with phosphor particles, such as silicon, metals, Si3N4-related nitrides, rare-earth oxides, garnet oxides, rare-earth sulfur oxides and rare-earth hydroxides. In these papers, the effects of particle size, morphology, dispersion, surface states, dopant concentration and other factors on the optical properties of phosphor particles and their applications are discussed. These nanoparticles are classified as zero-dimensional materials. Carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphene are well-known one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) materials, respectively. This special issue also includes two papers on the fabrication of mechanically reliable nanocomposites by dispersing graphene into a ceramic matrix, and on supercapacitors with high energy densities in a Co(OH)2 system decorated with graphene and carbon nanotubes. As a novel preparation method of oxide films, the fabrication of alumina films with laminated structures by ac anodization is reviewed. Moreover a new type of nanosheet has been fabricated by the exfoliation of layered, ternary transition-metal carbide and nitride compounds, known as Mn + 1AXn phases (or MAX phases) where M is an early transition metal, such as Ti or Nb, A is an A group element, such as Si or Al, X is carbon and/or nitrogen and n = 1-3 [4]. Among the MAX phases, those containing Mo have been theoretically calculated by first-principles calculations to be a source for obtaining Mo2C nanosheets with potentially unique properties. As an example of improving bulk ceramic properties, texturing by using a high magnetic field [5] and sintering by the electric current activated/assisted sintering (ECAS) technology [6] have been demonstrated for ultra-high temperature ceramics with high-temperature strength. A project on the development of materials and particle processing for the field of environment and energy has been ongoing at the National Institute for Materials Science since April 2011. This project employs various core competence technologies for particle processing such as ion beam irradiation for nanoparticle fabrication [7], fullerene nanomaterial processing using liquid-liquid interface precipitation [8], a gas reduction nitridation process to obtain Si3N4-based phosphor materials [9], advanced phosphors via novel processing [10, 11], ultra-high pressure technology for processing and in situ analysis [12, 13], colloidal processing in a high magnetic field to obtain laminated, textured ceramics [1, 3, 5], the ECAS process for nanostructuring ceramics [6] and so forth. Here, I would like to introduce some research achievements that are not covered in this special issue. (1) The evolution of hydrogen by the react

Yoshio, Sakka

2014-02-01

76

Children, Information and New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technological change affects current lifestyles and will continue to affect access to information, children should remain a primary consideration, with new technology serving to provide information to them. The growing importance of information is fundamental to recent technological change based on the development of computers and the silicon…

Cook, John

77

Information Technology: Perspectives and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The full impact of the current information technology and networking revolution remains unknown, but the experiences of organizations and individuals who are using the tools and resources offered by information technology suggest that it may change our social fabric. Some of the current and emerging trends in information technology include: the…

Robinson, Doug

78

Georgia Southern University Information Technology  

E-print Network

Georgia Southern University Information Technology Organization Chart 2013-2014 FINAL: September 18, 2013 R\\Work\\Common:\\OrgCharts\\Rev2014\\ Information Technology \\CIO Produced: Strategic Research of the groups of units reporting there. President Vice President for Information Technology and Chief

Hutcheon, James M.

79

Information Technology and Web Science  

E-print Network

Rensselaer Graduate Studies Information Technology and Web Science Rensselaer nurtures a "low walls advanced study in the highly creative, interdisci- plinary field of Information Technology and Web Science to gain a breadth of IT knowledge: itws.rpi.edu #12;itws.rpi.edu Information Technology and Web Science

80

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

81

Banner Student Account Request ETSU Office of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Banner Student Account Request Form ETSU Office of Information Technology 424 Roy Nicks Hall, Box of Information Technology Application Number ______________________________ Applicant Name ______________________________ Date Received ______________________________ Section 1. Personal Information. To process your request

Karsai, Istvan

82

Information Technology: American National Standard for  

E-print Network

Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format Publication 500-245 Information Technology: American National Standard for Information Systems-- Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial, & Scar Mark & Tattoo (SMT) Information Sponsored by Information Technology

83

Information Processing Digital Systems  

E-print Network

. · The process of conversion is known as Digitization or Quantization. · Analog-to-digital-converters (ADC information processing and representation are clarified. These include: 1. "Analog" versus "Digital" parameters and systems. 2. Digitization of "Analog" signals. 3. Digital representation of information. 4

Bouhraoua, Abdelhafid

84

Securing Information Technology in Healthcare  

PubMed Central

Dartmouth College’s Institute for Security, Technology, and Society conducted three workshops on securing information technology in healthcare, attended by a diverse range of experts in the field. This article summarizes the three workshops. PMID:25379030

Anthony, Denise; Campbell, Andrew T.; Candon, Thomas; Gettinger, Andrew; Kotz, David; Marsch, Lisa A.; Molina-Markham, Andrés; Page, Karen; Smith, Sean W.; Gunter, Carl A.; Johnson, M. Eric

2014-01-01

85

NASA Information Technology Implementation Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Information Technology (IT) resources and IT support continue to be a growing and integral part of all NASA missions. Furthermore, the growing IT support requirements are becoming more complex and diverse. The following are a few examples of the growing complexity and diversity of NASA's IT environment. NASA is conducting basic IT research in the Intelligent Synthesis Environment (ISE) and Intelligent Systems (IS) Initiatives. IT security, infrastructure protection, and privacy of data are requiring more and more management attention and an increasing share of the NASA IT budget. Outsourcing of IT support is becoming a key element of NASA's IT strategy as exemplified by Outsourcing Desktop Initiative for NASA (ODIN) and the outsourcing of NASA Integrated Services Network (NISN) support. Finally, technology refresh is helping to provide improved support at lower cost. Recently the NASA Automated Data Processing (ADP) Consolidation Center (NACC) upgraded its bipolar technology computer systems with Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology systems. This NACC upgrade substantially reduced the hardware maintenance and software licensing costs, significantly increased system speed and capacity, and reduced customer processing costs by 11 percent.

2000-01-01

86

Strategic Plan for Information Technology  

E-print Network

..........................................................................8 Security, Regulatory Mandates, and Business Continuity Strategic Plan for Information Technology Services, 2008-2013 Fulfilling the Promise ...........................................................................................10 Management of Change and Workforce Planning

Maroncelli, Mark

87

New Technology and Information Explosion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A flood of new electronic technologies promises to usher in the Information Age and alter economic and social structures. Telematics, a potent combination of telecommunications and computer technologies, could eventually bring huge volumes of information to great numbers of people by making large data bases accessible to computer terminals in…

Johns, David

88

Information Technology for Knowledge Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Knowledge has been lately recognized as one of the most important assets of organizations. Can information technology help the growth and the sustainment of organizational knowledge? The answer is yes, if care is taken to remember that IT here is just a part of the story (corporate culture and work practices being equally relevant) and that the information technologies

Uwe M. Borghoff; Remo Pareschi

1997-01-01

89

Information Technology and Literacy Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares technology predictions from around 1989 with the technology of 2002. Discusses the place of computer-based assessment today, computer-scored testing, computer-administered formal assessment, Internet-based formal assessment, computerized adaptive tests, placement tests, informal assessment, electronic portfolios, information management,…

Balajthy, Ernest

2002-01-01

90

Information Technology in English Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern information technology can not only show the teaching content vividly, enlarge students' horizons, broaden students' views through the combination of audio and sound, appropriate forms of expression but also activate classroom atmosphere greatly, enrich the teaching content, stimulate students' interest and thirst for knowledge, strengthen students' ability of autonomous learning, understanding etc. Therefore the application of information technology in

Li Yanhui

2010-01-01

91

Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format ... Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Information Technology ...

92

Process Technology Student: Oil Refinery Process Technician  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, observe how Sandra Garcia is studying to be a process technician, and learn about the field of process technology. Sandra explains how her love of science brought her to community college after years away from school and how she's looking forward to a career in process technology. Also learn about the mysterious refractometer and how it can keep things running smoothly in a refinery.The video runs 2:31 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-06-04

93

SCHOOL LEADERSHIP AND INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration. Hence, educational leaders must understand, promote and implement the notion that technology integration

Mojgan AFSHARI; Kamariah Abu BAKAR; Wong Su LUAN; Bahaman Abu SAMAH; Foo Say FOOI

2008-01-01

94

Intelligence, Information Technology, and Information Warfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the use of information technology for intelligence and information warfare in the context of national security and reviews the status of clandestine collection. Discusses hacking, human agent collection, signal interception, covert action, counterintelligence and security, and communications between intelligence producers and consumers…

Davies, Philip H. J.

2002-01-01

95

Information Technology for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we discuss two basic and important information technologies which are of great relevance to the 21st century: (1) key technology for advanced communication (2) paradigm for the new human-like information processing. We analyse the basic ideas and issues in these areas. We introduce the concept of layer-structured communication and computation. The solution to the challenges pertaining to

Shoichi Noguchi

1996-01-01

96

CICT Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CICT Program is part of the NASA Aerospace Technology Enterprise's fundamental technology thrust to develop tools. processes, and technologies that enable new aerospace system capabilities and missions. The CICT Program's four key objectives are: Provide seamless access to NASA resources- including ground-, air-, and space-based distributed information technology resources-so that NASA scientists and engineers can more easily control missions, make new scientific discoveries, and design the next-generation space vehicles, provide high-data delivery from these assets directly to users for missions, develop goal-oriented human-centered systems, and research, develop and evaluate revolutionary technology.

Laufenberg, Lawrence; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

97

40 CFR 68.65 - Process safety information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...equipment in the process. (b) Information...substances in the process. This information...6) Thermal and chemical stability data...technology of the process. (1) Information... (iv) Relief system design and design...generally accepted good engineering practices....

2010-07-01

98

Information sources in energy technology  

SciTech Connect

This book lists the major national and international information sources in the field of energy technology. Includes organizations, journals, indexing and abstracting services, conference papers, standards, online databases, dictionaries, directories, handbooks, and encyclopedias.

Anthony, L.J.

1988-01-01

99

Information Technology Appropriate Use Policy  

E-print Network

promotes and facilitates the educational and research missions of Mines as well as its administrative to exercise good judgment and operate under best practices in the #12;Information Technology Appropriate Use

100

Information Processing of Trauma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a neuropsychosocial model of information processing to explain a victimization experience, specifically child sexual abuse. It surveys the relation of sensation, perception, and cognition as a systematic way to provide a framework for studying human behavior and describing human response to traumatic events. (Author/JDD)

Hartman, Carol R.; Burgess, Ann W.

1993-01-01

101

Information processing and ptsd  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a series of studies that have utilized information-processing paradigms with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) populations. The review suggests that pre-trauma measures of intelligence (IQ) are predictive of the development of PTSD symptoms following trauma. There is also evidence of impaired performance on standardized tests of memory (independent of IQ) in PTSD populations. PTSD populations are found to

Todd C. Buckley; Edward B. Blanchard; W. Trammell Neill

2000-01-01

102

Immunology as Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes the behavior of the immune system from an informationprocessing perspective. It reviews a series of projects conducted at the University of New Mexico and the Santa Fe Institute, which have developed and explored the theme "immunology as information processing." The projects cover the spectrum from serious modeling of real immunological phenomena, such as crossreactive responses in animals

Stephanie Forrest; Steven A. Hofmeyr

2000-01-01

103

Information technologies and patient safety.  

PubMed

Advances in health information technology provide significant opportunities for improvements in surgical patient safety. The adoption and use of electronic health records can enhance communication along the surgical spectrum of care. Bar coding and radiofrequency identification technology are strategies to prevent retained surgical sponges and for tracking the operating room supply chain. Computerized intraoperative monitoring systems can improve the performance of the operating room team. Automated data registries collect patient information to be analyzed and used for surgical quality improvement. PMID:22269262

Ellner, Scott J; Joyner, Paul W

2012-02-01

104

Information technology trends in logistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the enabling factors of effective supply-chain management is the effective use of information technology (IT). Highlights a number of IT trends which can be grouped together as four key themes. These four key themes affect the way in which technology is used to support logistics operations in order to deliver competitive advantage. Shows how some of these themes

Jeremy Hammant

1995-01-01

105

Organizational Leadership through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of information technology (IT) is changing, and is becoming more important for the overall success of colleges today. The structure of IT has not changed much through the years, but a greater amount of institutions exist where multiple areas of technology are being merged back into a single IT organization. The model of IT explored in…

Anderson, John A.

106

Information Technology and Indigenous People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Technology and Indigenous People provides theoretical and empirical information related to the planning and execution of IT projects aimed at serving indigenous people. It explores many cultural concerns with IT implementation, including language issues and questions of cultural appropriateness, and brings together cutting-edge…

Dyson, Laurel, Ed.; Hendriks, Max, Ed.; Grant, Stephen, Ed.

2007-01-01

107

HOW TO ACCESS TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION  

EPA Science Inventory

ATTIC (Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center) is an on-line computer database and repository for information on remediation and treatment technologies. t contains several of EPA's technology databases, including the Treatment Technology Database, the RREL (Risk Redu...

108

Information flow and work productivity through integrated information technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work environment surrounding integrated office systems is reviewed. The known effects of automated office technologies is synthesized and their known impact on work efficiency is reviewed. These effects are explored with regard to their impact on networks, work flow/processes, as well as organizational structure and power. Particular emphasis is given to structural changes due to the introduction of newer information technologies in organizations. The new information technologies have restructed the average organization's middle banks and, as a consequence, they have shrunk drastically. Organizational pyramids have flattened with fewer levels since executives have realized that they can get ahold of the needed information via the new technologies quicker and directly and do not have to rely on middle-level managers. Power shifts are typically accompanied with the introduction of these technologies resulting in the generation of a new form of organizational power.

Wigand, R. T.

1985-01-01

109

Information Technologies Activity Report  

E-print Network

. These patches will primarily impact Financial Aid processing. Security, Privacy, and Safety Encrypted E a web page with links to instructions to set the necessary encryption: http and seniors participated, including 936 from UD. Read about UD and non-UD students' favored online and offline

Firestone, Jeremy

110

Journal of Information Technology Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Information Technology Education (JITE) is an annual publication that seeks to "improve IT education around the world by publishing high quality articles on best practices and other topics" of interest to teachers. Papers are mainly written by university professors that want to share their insights into effective educational methods and technologies. The 2003 volume of JITE includes an interesting paper about ways to help ease secondary school students' transition into a university-level IT program. Another paper addresses elementary school teachers' understanding of computer technology. Some additional topics are distance education, development of technology-assisted learning applications, and much more.

111

Information Technology Services (ITS) Information Technology Services (ITS) ensures that faculty, students, and staff have the  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services (ITS) Information Technology Services (ITS) ensures that faculty, students, and staff have the information technology tools and infrastructure necessary to carry out maximum use of the appropriate information technology tools in their learning, teaching, research

Maroncelli, Mark

112

WeInformation Sciences and Technology  

E-print Network

WeInformation Sciences and Technology College of Information Sciences and Technology #12;Office of Undergraduate Recruiting College of Information Sciences and Technology The Pennsylvania State University 104 Information Sciences and Technology Building University Park, PA 16802-6822 For more information: ist

113

Forensic Science and Information Technology at NIST  

E-print Network

Forensic Science and Information Technology at NIST Martin Herman Information Technology Laboratory, mathematics, and statistics. · Cloud Computing · Complex Systems · Forensic Science · Health Information in Forensic Science Advance measurements and standards infrastructure for forensics through information

Perkins, Richard A.

114

Process Engineering Technology Center Initiative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is developing as a world-class Spaceport Technology Center (STC). From a process engineering (PE) perspective, the facilities used for flight hardware processing at KSC are NASA's premier factories. The products of these factories are safe, successful shuttle and expendable vehicle launches carrying state-of-the-art payloads. PE is devoted to process design, process management, and process improvement, rather than product design. PE also emphasizes the relationships of workers with systems and processes. Thus, it is difficult to speak of having a laboratory for PE at KSC because the entire facility is practically a laboratory when observed from a macro level perspective. However, it becomes necessary, at times, to show and display how KSC has benefited from PE and how KSC has contributed to the development of PE; hence, it has been proposed that a Process Engineering Technology Center (PETC) be developed to offer a place with a centralized focus on PE projects, and a place where KSC's PE capabilities can be showcased, and a venue where new Process Engineering technologies can be investigated and tested. Graphics for showcasing PE capabilities have been designed, and two initial test beds for PE technology research have been identified. Specifically, one test bed will look into the use of wearable computers with head mounted displays to deliver work instructions; the other test bed will look into developing simulation models that can be assembled into one to create a hierarchical model.

Centeno, Martha A.

2001-01-01

115

Information services and information processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Attempts made to design and extend space system capabilities are reported. Special attention was given to establishing user needs for information or services which might be provided by space systems. Data given do not attempt to detail scientific, technical, or economic bases for the needs expressed by the users.

1975-01-01

116

School of Information Studies Information Science & Technology (IST) Major  

E-print Network

School of Information Studies Information Science & Technology (IST) Major We are all living in an information-oriented digital society in which, and dissemination of information. With a wide breadth of technological knowledge about

Saldin, Dilano

117

Ethics in Information Technology, Second Edition  

E-print Network

? · What is the essential difference between competitive intelligence and industrial espionage, and how to an organization's success #12;Ethics in Information Technology, Second Edition 6 Protecting computer software? · Copyright law ­ Expression of an idea · Patent law ­ A process to change a computer's internal structure

Gao, Jie

118

Atelier en Technologies d'information  

E-print Network

" + "Soft"; // s = "JavaSoft" String s = (String) new URL("http://server/big.txt").getContent(); char[] data1 1 IFT 6800 Atelier en Technologies d'information Cours 7: Le langage de programmation Java chapitre 5: Les API Java java.lang.* Object Boolean Character Class Math Number Process Runtime String

Montréal, Université de

119

NEW INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND GRASSROOTS MOBILIZATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

In much of the recent literature on contemporary social movements there is call for a re-conceptualization of the definition and understanding of political struggle given the impact of new emerging information communication technologies (ICTs), and the Internet in particular, on social movement organizing, contentious politics, and the electoral political process. This paper undertakes an analysis of MoveOn within a critical

Victoria Carty

2010-01-01

120

Processing technology for nickel aluminides  

SciTech Connect

Ductile ordered intermetallic alloys of nickel aluminum or nickel aluminum chromium have been developed by optimized additions of boron. These alloys show excellent elevated temperature mechnical properties and corrosion properties. However, in order for the alloys to find use in various applications, they should be fabricable by either the well established or innovative processing technologies. This paper discusses the details of fabrication technology being pursued at ORNL. The processes being investigated include powder consolidation by extrusion, powder consolidation by capping, isothermal forging of powder compacted material, twin-roller casting to thin sheet followed by cold-rolling, direct casting rod from liquid, extrusion of billets made by argon-induction melting and electroslag remelting processes, injection molding of powders, and hot isostatic pressing of powders. Relative merits of each process are discussed. Mechanical properties data on products made by various processes are also presented and compared.

Sikka, V.K.

1986-01-01

121

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The role of information ,technology in achieving ,a sustainable ,economy ,for the planet is discussed. The fundamental concern is considered to be ecosystem stress, with the specific, most immediate,threats being in seven ,areas: 1) global warming ,due principally to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emission, 2) problems associated with growing food, 3) water supply and effects ofdiversions, 4) fisheries depletion, 5)

James R. Sheats

1999-01-01

122

Information Society Technologies in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing demand for more efficient and effective health- care services, coupled with an implicit requirement for supporting citi- zen mobility and continuity of care, is currently setting the stage for the exploitation of Information and Telecommunications Technologies in the health sector. The current vision comprises affordable wireless access to healthcare resources and services for all citizens, thus making medical

Dimitrios G. Katehakis; Manolis Tsiknakis; Stelios C. Orphanoudakis

2000-01-01

123

The Information Technology Model Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last twenty years has seen the development of demand for a new type of computing professional, which has resulted in the emergence of the academic discipline of Information Technology (IT). Numerous colleges and universities across the country and abroad have responded by developing programs without the advantage of an existing model for…

Ekstrom, Joseph J.; Gorka, Sandra; Kamali, Reza; Lawson, Eydie; Lunt, Barry; Miller, Jacob; Reichgelt, Han

2006-01-01

124

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Building an Accessible CD-ROM Reference Station" (Rochelle Wyatt and Charles Hamilton); "Development of an Accessible User Interface for People Who Are Blind or Vision Impaired as Part of the Re-Computerisation of Royal Blind Society…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1994-01-01

125

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of all issues/pages of the electronic journal "Information Technology and Disabilities" published during 1996, i.e., a total of 13 ITD articles: (1) "New CSUF (California State University at Fullerton) Braille Transcription Center Promotes Access to Postsecondary Instructional Materials for the California State University…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1996-01-01

126

Academic Integrity and Informational Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the impact of information technology on academic integrity. Highlights include machines versus man; honor codes and student cheating; copyrights for digital data; authoring versus writing; intuitive software; and an example and analysis of the use of AutoSummary in Microsoft Word 97 to create a summary of a published article. (Contains…

Plowman, Travis S.

2000-01-01

127

Information & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions  

E-print Network

Information & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403-220-5333 for Campus Security or dial 9-1-1 for Police, Fire or Ambulance Additional emergency instructions is found the area for Campus Security or emergency services to arrive Evacuation Procedures Activate the NEAREST

de Leon, Alex R.

128

Online Information Technologies Certificate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, Information Technologies Certificate Program which is based on synchronous and asynchronous communication methods over the Internet offered by cooperation of Middle East Technical University, Computer Engineering Department and Continuing Education Center were examined. This online certificate program started in May 1998 and it is…

Yukselturk, Erman

2005-01-01

129

Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS) is a Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) for the Mathematical Sciences in Canada. The organization's work focuses on "the imperatives of research, education and technology transfer" applied to "the fastest growing sectors of the nation's economy." Currently, its work involves developing mathematical solutions in the areas of Biomedical & Health, Environment & Natural Resources, Information Processing, Risk & Finance, and Communication, Networks & Security. The website describes each of these Scientific Programmes and provides a link to the project website, where the publications resulting from its work are posted. The website is also available in French.

130

New Technology and Manufacturing Processes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New Technology and Manufacturing Processes is part of the Pittsburgh Supercomputer Center's (PSC's) annual report for 2002. It is comprised of fifteen articles that describe research and innovations at PSC during the year, including areas of Manufacturing Process Design, Semiconductor Design and Production, Design of New Materials, and Aerospace Engineering and Design. The articles are contributed from many different sources and institutions, but they all worked with PSC to take advantage of its powerful terascale computer system for advanced simulation and analysis.

1998-01-01

131

Weather Information Processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Science Communications International (SCI), formerly General Science Corporation, has developed several commercial products based upon experience acquired as a NASA Contractor. Among them are METPRO, a meteorological data acquisition and processing system, which has been widely used, RISKPRO, an environmental assessment system, and MAPPRO, a geographic information system. METPRO software is used to collect weather data from satellites, ground-based observation systems and radio weather broadcasts to generate weather maps, enabling potential disaster areas to receive advance warning. GSC's initial work for NASA Goddard Space Flight Center resulted in METPAK, a weather satellite data analysis system. METPAK led to the commercial METPRO system. The company also provides data to other government agencies, U.S. embassies and foreign countries.

1991-01-01

132

6 A CASE STUDY OF IMPROVING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

of this study is to explore the criteria of effective information technology governance processes employed in universities and their impact on the diffusion of appropriate technology to the base level users. From6 A CASE STUDY OF IMPROVING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY GOVERNANCE IN A UNIVERSITY CONTEXT Michael Hicks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

133

Technology development life cycle processes.  

SciTech Connect

This report and set of appendices are a collection of memoranda originally drafted in 2009 for the purpose of providing motivation and the necessary background material to support the definition and integration of engineering and management processes related to technology development. At the time there was interest and support to move from Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) Level One (ad hoc processes) to Level Three. As presented herein, the material begins with a survey of open literature perspectives on technology development life cycles, including published data on %E2%80%9Cwhat went wrong.%E2%80%9D The main thrust of the material presents a rational expose%CC%81 of a structured technology development life cycle that uses the scientific method as a framework, with further rigor added from adapting relevant portions of the systems engineering process. The material concludes with a discussion on the use of multiple measures to assess technology maturity, including consideration of the viewpoint of potential users.

Beck, David Franklin

2013-05-01

134

Does information matter? A research note on information technologies and political protest  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lack of attention paid to information technologies in predicting variations of political protest in cross-national studies is surprising. Given the amount of research that has been done on the impact of communication on behavior and the spread of information technologies across the globe, there is reason to believe that information technologies do play a part in the political process

Toby A. Ten Eyck

2001-01-01

135

Technology Characterizations. Environmental Information Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Handbook Series is designed to overcome the deficiency of information utility and transfer. Each of the works in this series brings together information in an area and format that is useful to both public and private sector needs. It is meant to serve as a basic reference document that will stand for a period of time and help to enrich decisionmaking and research in the interface of energy and the environment. This particular handbook deals with environmental characterization data for the energy technologies and presents the data in a format for use by DOE policy analysts. This treatment includes not only the actual information base, but also a preface which explains the present concept, the historical growth of the program, and the new direction for improved utility. The information base, itself, is constantly being enhanced and is republished periodically as necessary. The specific energy systems for which environmental/technology characterization information is provided are grouped as follows: nuclear energy; coal; petroleum; gas; synthetic fuels; solar energy; geothermal energy; and hydroelectricity.

Not Available

1980-06-01

136

Technology Requirements for Information Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report provides the results of a panel study conducted into the technology requirements for information management in support of application domains of particular government interest, including digital libraries, mission operations, and scientific research. The panel concluded that it was desirable to have a coordinated program of R&D that pursues a science of information management focused on an environment typified by applications of government interest - highly distributed with very large amounts of data and a high degree of heterogeneity of sources, data, and users.

Graves, Sara; Knoblock, Craig A.; Lannom, Larry

2002-01-01

137

Information-computational system for storage, search and analytical processing of environmental datasets based on the Semantic Web technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report the results of the work devoted to the development of working model of the software system for storage, semantically-enabled search and retrieval along with processing and visualization of environmental datasets containing results of meteorological and air pollution observations and mathematical climate modeling are presented. Specially designed metadata standard for machine-readable description of datasets related to meteorology, climate

A. Titov; E. Gordov; I. Okladnikov

2009-01-01

138

Information technology in dental education.  

PubMed

The use of information technology in dental education is continually increasing. In this article, IT is defined, and its uses in teaching and learning explored. Examples of the appropriateness of multimedia teaching in dental education are given. Successful multimedia teaching, especially in clinical settings, relies on the proper use of IT and an implementation strategy. The applications of IT to curriculum development, computer-assisted learning (CAL), educational administration, dental practice, hospital administration, and clinical research are also considered. PMID:10589137

Yip, H K; Barnes, I E

1999-09-25

139

Multimission helicopter information display technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new Operator display subsystem is being incorporated as part of the next generation United States Navy (USN) helicopter avionics system to be integrated into the Multi-Mission Helicopter (MMH) which will replace both the SH-60B and the SH- 60F in 2001. This subsystem exploits state-of-the-art technology for the display hardware, the display driver hardware, information presentation methodologies, and software architecture.

William S. Terry

1995-01-01

140

HELSINKI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Faculty of Information Technology  

E-print Network

HELSINKI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Faculty of Information Technology Department of Computer Science­continuous Markov models Licentiate's Thesis Mikko Kurimo Espoo 1994 #12; HELSINKI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY ABSTRACT, 1994 Number of pages: 86 Department: Faculty of Information Technology Professorship: Department

Kurimo, Mikko

141

Supply Chain and Information Sciences Technology 2010  

E-print Network

Supply Chain and Information Sciences Technology 2010 Supply Chain and Information Systems Technology Minor SCIST Minor Application Department of Supply Chain & Information Systems College of Information Sciences and Technology Overview The minor in SCIST is structured to provide students not majoring

Guiltinan, Mark

142

Information technology and global change science  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this paper is to identify and briefly describe major existing and near term information technologies that cold have a positive impact on the topics being discussed at this conference by helping to manage the data of global change science and helping global change scientists conduct their research. Desktop computer systems have changed dramatically during the past seven years. Faster data processing can be expected in the future through full development of traditional serial computer architectures. Some other proven information technologies may be currently underutilized by global change scientists. Relational database management systems and good organization of data through the use of thoughtful database design would enable the scientific community to better share and maintain quality research data. Custodians of the data should use rigorous data administration to ensure integrity and long term value of the data resource. Still other emerging information technologies that involve the use of artificial intelligence, parallel computer architectures, and new sensors for data collection will be in relatively common use in the near term and should become part of the global science community's technical toolkit. Consideration should also be given to the establishment of Information Analysis Centers to facilitate effective organization and management of interdisciplinary data and the prototype testing and use of advanced information technology to facilitate rapid and cost-effective integration of these tools into global change science. 8 refs.

Baxter, F.P.

1990-01-01

143

Conceptual models of information processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conceptual information processing issues are examined. Human information processing is defined as an active cognitive process that is analogous to a system. It is the flow and transformation of information within a human. The human is viewed as an active information seeker who is constantly receiving, processing, and acting upon the surrounding environmental stimuli. Human information processing models are conceptual representations of cognitive behaviors. Models of information processing are useful in representing the different theoretical positions and in attempting to define the limits and capabilities of human memory. It is concluded that an understanding of conceptual human information processing models and their applications to systems design leads to a better human factors approach.

Stewart, L. J.

1983-01-01

144

Information processing in biological systems  

SciTech Connect

This volume presents frontier research in information processing related to a variety of biological systems, including small assemblies of neurons in the cortex and large-scale metabolic systems; the statistics, dynamics, and phase transitions of stochastic information processing; and the microscopic-macroscopic interface in biological information processing. Physical principles and proteinoid experiments are discussed regarding the emergence of life and information and cause. The final paper offers a design for a one-dimensional brain.

Mintz, S.L.; Perlmutter, A.

1985-01-01

145

Technology Strategic Plan 2013 2016 Office of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Technology Strategic Plan 2013 ­ 2016 Office of Information Technology June 2013 #12;2 T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S: - Introduction - - Executive Summary - - Terminology - - A Vision for Technology at the City College of New York - - The Mission of the Office for Technology (OIT) - - Technology Guiding

Brinkmann, Peter

146

Electricity use in information technologies  

SciTech Connect

At present, there are no definitive, measured data on electricity loads and operating profiles for computers and other electronic office equipment, based on a statistically meaningful sample of US commercial buildings. In this paper, the authors review fragmentary data available to us and analyze measured power levels for computers and peripherals. The authors then discuss options for improved efficiency in electronic equipment hardware, software, and operations. Finally, the authors outline future trends in electricity loads due to information technologies, to illustrate the influence of component efficiency and market saturation.

Norford, L.; Hatcher, A. (Dept. of Architecture, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA (US)); Harris, J. (Applied Science Div., Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley, CA (US)); Roturier, J. (Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux-Gradigan, Univ. of Bordeaux (FR)); Yu, O. (Utility Programs, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA (US))

1990-01-01

147

The cube data model: a conceptual model and algebra for on-line analytical processing in data warehouses 1 A related paper introducing this model was presented at the Workshop on Information and Technology (WITS), Atlanta, GA, December 1997. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data warehousing and On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) are two of the most significant new technologies in the business data processing arena. A data warehouse can be defined as a “very large” repository of historical data pertaining to an organization. OLAP refers to the technique of performing complex analysis over the information stored in a data warehouse. The complexity of queries

Anindya Datta; Helen Thomas

1999-01-01

148

Information Network Technology in Higher Education Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the popularization of computer technology in the period of rapid development of higher education, including artificial intelligence technology becomes more widely used. Based on the analysis of the status of education and information network technology application situation, by the theory of artificial intelligence and the study of hot issues, analysis of information technology in education and the necessity of

Xiaojin Xu

2011-01-01

149

Information Technology Security for Small Business  

E-print Network

symbolic of information technology security and cyber crime. Narration: "No matter how well you protectInformation Technology Security for Small Business (video script) Descriptive Text for the Visually, "Information Technology Security for Small Business" and "It's not just good business. It's essential business

Magee, Joseph W.

150

OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY COMPUTER SECURITY POLICY  

E-print Network

PROVOST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ApPROVED BY: ~ Date ~ts-tl2- Date li/rO/I?... I I Date REVISION DATEOFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY COMPUTER SECURITY POLICY RESPONsmLE ADMINISTRATOR: RESPONsmLE OFFICE(S): ORIGINALLY ISSUED: ApPROVALS: VICE PROVOST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OFFICE OF THE VICE

Hemmers, Oliver

151

UNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR  

E-print Network

~OST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY COMPUTER MANAGEMENT POLICY ApPROVED BY: j1/1q/;~ ~I Date REVISION DATE: NA STATEMENTUNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR: RESPONSIBLE OFFICE(S): ORIGINALLY IsSUED: APPROVALS: VICE PROVOST FOR'INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY -.·..-; - OFFICE OF THE VICE PR

Hemmers, Oliver

152

Information Technology Services (ITS) Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services (ITS) Strategic Plan Release Date August 2010 Empowering the University This is a document intended to guide strategy and operations for information technology at Dalhousie University. It will provide a framework for ITS and information technology deployed and used

Brownstone, Rob

153

Informing Lesson Design with Human Information Processing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing effective instruction is the goal of any instructional designer. This article discusses how lesson design can be enhanced by incorporating certain fundamentals of cognitive psychology. The stages of human information processing and a typical four-step lesson are integrated in a model that can inform instructional design. (Contains 1…

Gagel, Charles W.

2005-01-01

154

Technological change and the technology intelligence process: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various reasons are brought forward for the demise of companies in the face of fundamental technological change. Most often blamed is an insufficient technology intelligence process. However, existing research is contradictory on how this process should be organised. Therefore it is the objective of this case study to derive insight into the organisation of the technology intelligence process by analysing

Eckhard Lichtenthaler

2004-01-01

155

Information Technology Implementation Research: A Technological Diffusion Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the innovation and technological diffusion literatures, promising research questions concerning the implementation of a production and inventory control information system (material requirements planning: MRP) are identified and empirically examined. These questions focus on the interaction of managerial tasks with the information technology and the resulting effect on the adoption and infusion of that technology. Using a random sample

Randolph B. Cooper; Robert W. Zmud

1990-01-01

156

Space information technologies: future agenda  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Satellites will operate more like wide area broadband computer networks in the 21st Century. Space-based information and communication technologies will therefore be a lot more accessible and functional for the individual user. These developments are the result of earth-based telecommunication and computing innovations being extended to space. The author predicts that the broadband Internet will eventually be available on demand to users of terrestrial networks wherever they are. Earth and space communication assets will be managed as a single network. Space networks will assure that online access is ubiquitous. No matter whether users are located in cities or in remote locations, they will always be within reach of a node on the Internet. Even today, scalable bandwidth can be delivered to active users when moving around in vehicles on the ground, or aboard ships at sea or in the air. Discussion of the innovative technologies produced by NASA's Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (1993-2004) demonstrates future capabilities of satellites that make them uniquely suited to serve as nodes on the broadband Internet.

Flournoy, Don M.

2005-11-01

157

Technology Transfer and the Product Development Process  

SciTech Connect

It is my pleasure this morning to address a topic that is much talked about in passing but rarely examined from a first person point of view. That topic is Technology Transfer. Over the next 30 minutes I'd like to approach Technology Transfer within the context of the Product Development Process looking at it from the perspectives of the federal government researcher and the industry manufacturer/user. Fist let us recognize that we are living in an ''Information Age'', where global economic and military competition is determined as much by technology as it is by natural resource assets. It is estimated that technical/scientific information is presently growing at a rate of l3 percent per year; this is expected to increase to 30 percent per year by the turn of the century. In fact, something like 90 percent of all scientific knowledge has been generated in the last 30 years; this pool will double again in the next 10-15 years (Exhibit 1). Of all the scientists and engineers throughout history, 90% live and work in the present time. Successfully managing this technical information/knowledge--i.e., transforming the results of R&D to practical applications--will be an important measure of national strength. A little over a dozen years ago, the United States with only 5 percent of the world's population was generating approximately 75 percent of the world's technology. The US. share is now 50 percent and may decline to 30 percent by the turn of the century. This decline won't be because of downturn in U.S. technological advances but because the other 95 percent of the world's population will be increasing its contribution. Economic and military strength then, will be determined by how quickly and successfully companies, industries, and nations can apply new technological information to practical applications--i.e., how they manage technology transfer within the context of the product development process. Much discussion and pronouncements are ongoing in public forums today over the apparent decline in global competitiveness of U.S. industry. The question is why does U.S. industry not succeed in the development and marketing of competitive products when they lead in the generation of new technology.

Mock, John E.

1989-03-21

158

Information Technologies (ITs) in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, “learning at bedside,” aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medical education – their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education. PMID:23408471

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Toromanovic, Selim; Masic, Fedja; Sivic, Suad; Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Zlatan

2011-01-01

159

Preparing for a New Century: Information Technology Workforce Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to determine workforce needs in the new information technology/knowledge-based world in order to design a coherent minor program in information technology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for the non-technically oriented college student. The process consisted of three phases: site visits to five…

Teeter, Thomas A.; Bailey, Janet L.; Cherepski, Don D.; Faucett, John; Hines, Robert J.; Jovanovic, Nickolas S.; Tschumi, Pete; Walker, Jeffery T.; Watson, Gretchen B.

160

Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

Newman, Peter

2010-01-01

161

Embracing Statistical Challenges in the Information Technology Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of statistics in the age of information technology (IT). It begins by examining the current state of IT and of the cyberinfrastructure initiative aimed at integrating the technologies into science, engineering, and education to convert massive amounts of data into useful information. Selected applications from science and text processing are introduced to provide concrete examples

Bin Yu

2007-01-01

162

Information technologies for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography  

E-print Network

Review Information technologies for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography Stephen E December 2003 Available online 8 March 2004 Abstract Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC Ă?-dimensional gas chromatography; GCĂ?GC; Information technology; Image processing; Visualization; Computer

Reichenbach, Stephen E.

163

North Carolina Community College System Information Resources and Technology Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The North Carolina Community College System engaged in a strategic planning process in 1998 that was the basis for the information resources and technology plans for the entire System. A focus of the planning was technology, and a technology environmental scanning team developed a set of planning assumptions, which led to the creation of 15 goals…

North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

164

Information processing and human abilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

An alternative model of cognitive abilities has been proposed by J. P. Das et al (1975). This model states that information is integrated in the brain in 2 ways, through simultaneous and successive processing. The present study, using 104 4th grade boys, compared this information-processing model of cognitive abilities with a traditional primary mental abilities model. A battery of tests

John R. Kirby; J. P. Das

1978-01-01

165

Introduction to Quantum Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the capabilities of quantum information, the science of quantum information processing is now a prospering, interdisciplinary field focused on better understanding the possibilities and limitations of the underlying theory, on developing new applications of quantum information and on physically realizing controllable quantum devices. The purpose of this primer is to provide an elementary introduction to quantum

R. Laflamme; H. Barnum; E. M. Fortunato; J. Dziarmaga; J. Gubernatis; R. Martinez; C. Negrevergne; L. Viola; M. A. Pravia; Y. Sharf; S. Sinha; R. Somma

2002-01-01

166

Commercial Parts Technology Qualification Processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many high-reliability systems, including space systems, use selected commercial parts (including Plastic Encapsulated Microelectronics or PEMs) for unique functionality, small size, low weight, high mechanical shock resistance, and other factors. Predominantly this usage is subjected to certain 100% tests (typically called screens) and certain destructive tests usually (but not always) performed on the flight lot (typically called qualification tests). Frequently used approaches include those documented in EEE-INST-002 and JPL DocID62212 (which are sometimes modified by the particular aerospace space systems manufacturer). In this study, approaches from these documents and several space systems manufacturers are compared to approaches from a launch systems manufacturer (SpaceX), an implantable medical electronics manufacturer (Medtronics), and a high-reliability transport system process (automotive systems). In the conclusions section, these processes are outlined for all of these cases and presented in tabular form. Then some simple comparisons are made. In this introduction section, the PEM technology qualification process is described, as documented in EEE-INST-002 (written by the Goddard Space Flight Center, GSFC), as well as the somewhat modified approach employed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Approaches used at several major NASA contractors are also described

Cooper, Mark S.

2013-01-01

167

Essays on information, technology and information worker productivity  

E-print Network

I examine how information technology (IT) skills and use, communication network structures, and the distribution and flow of information in organizations impact individual information worker productivity. The work is divided ...

Aral, Sinan

2007-01-01

168

Robonaut's Flexible Information Technology Infrastructure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Robonaut, NASA's humanoid robot, is designed to work as both an astronaut assistant and, in certain situations, an astronaut surrogate. This highly dexterous robot performs complex tasks under telepresence control that could previously only be carried out directly by humans. Currently with 47 degrees of freedom (DOF), Robonaut is a state-of-the-art human size telemanipulator system. while many of Robonaut's embedded components have been custom designed to meet packaging or environmental requirements, the primary computing systems used in Robonaut are currently commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) products which have some correlation to flight qualified computer systems. This loose coupling of information technology (IT) resources allows Robonaut to exploit cost effective solutions while floating the technology base to take advantage of the rapid pace of IT advances. These IT systems utilize a software development environment, which is both compatible with COTS hardware as well as flight proven computing systems, preserving the majority of software development for a flight system. The ability to use highly integrated and flexible COTS software development tools improves productivity while minimizing redesign for a space flight system. Further, the flexibility of Robonaut's software and communication architecture has allowed it to become a widely used distributed development testbed for integrating new capabilities and furthering experimental research.

Askew, Scott; Bluethmann, William; Alder, Ken; Ambrose, Robert

2003-01-01

169

Electronic processing of medical visual information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential data base for electronic processing has recently been enlarged significantly to include static and dynamic visual information. Emergence of the videodisk and other technology now enables computer-assisted instruction to be audiovisual and audiovisual communication to be interactive. One consequence, now that audiovisual display has been wedded to computer systems, is that computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in many medical subjects

Leo L. Leveridge

1981-01-01

170

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2013-07-01

171

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2012-07-01

172

Readiness levels for spacecraft information technologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented in this paper is a modified interpretation of the traditional TRLs aimed solely at information technology. The intent of this new set of definitions is twofold: First, to enable a definitive measurement of progress among developing information technologies for spacecraft; and second, to clarify particular challenges and requirements that must be met as these technologies are validated in increasingly realistic environments.

Mackey, R.; Some, R.; Aljabri, A.

2003-01-01

173

Information Technology Application to Construction Management Modernization  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decades, following the complication and internationalization of construction project, its modes of management are getting towards to the whole life integration, and the modern information technology which is developing fast becomes to be an important assistant tool of construction management modernization. Using the information technology such as web, virtual simulation (VS) technology and Group Decision Support System

ZHANG Ming-yuanI; YUAN Yong-bot

2007-01-01

174

Information processing, computation, and cognition.  

PubMed

Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both - although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use 'computation' and 'information processing' to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and foremost, that they are the same thing. In this paper, we address this unsatisfactory state of affairs by presenting a general and theory-neutral account of computation and information processing. We also apply our framework by analyzing the relations between computation and information processing on one hand and classicism, connectionism, and computational neuroscience on the other. We defend the relevance to cognitive science of both computation, at least in a generic sense, and information processing, in three important senses of the term. Our account advances several foundational debates in cognitive science by untangling some of their conceptual knots in a theory-neutral way. By leveling the playing field, we pave the way for the future resolution of the debates' empirical aspects. PMID:22210958

Piccinini, Gualtiero; Scarantino, Andrea

2011-01-01

175

Information processing, computation, and cognition  

PubMed Central

Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both – although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use ‘computation’ and ‘information processing’ to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and foremost, that they are the same thing. In this paper, we address this unsatisfactory state of affairs by presenting a general and theory-neutral account of computation and information processing. We also apply our framework by analyzing the relations between computation and information processing on one hand and classicism, connectionism, and computational neuroscience on the other. We defend the relevance to cognitive science of both computation, at least in a generic sense, and information processing, in three important senses of the term. Our account advances several foundational debates in cognitive science by untangling some of their conceptual knots in a theory-neutral way. By leveling the playing field, we pave the way for the future resolution of the debates’ empirical aspects. PMID:22210958

Scarantino, Andrea

2010-01-01

176

Impact of information technology on medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the health sciences will benefit from many of the advances in information technology that are applied to a wide variety of research areas, information technology is of particular importance to health care delivery. Developments of computerized patient records will enhance the efficiency, effectiveness, and distribution of health care. As managed care programs develop, population-based information will be of increasing

Kenneth I. Shine

1996-01-01

177

Is Your Information At Risk? Information Technology Leaders' Thoughts About The Impact Of Cybercrime On Competitive Advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the global market, communication, information, and information exchange between businesses and consumers are essential for a business to grow. As the need for information and information exchange increase, companies become more dependent on the information and the information technology systems, which are used to capture, process, store, distribute and use information. Information and information systems become a source of

Cyndy Jones

178

Information Technology and Universal Design: An Agenda for Accessible Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses developments in information technology that underscore the need for greater awareness, facilitation of universal design, and a focus on nontechnological barriers to implementing technology. Trends in mainstream products and assistive technology are summarized and suggestions for analyzing products for accessibility and for…

Tobias, Jim

2003-01-01

179

Information Technology & Management IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006-2008  

E-print Network

218 Information Technology & Management IIT Graduate Bulletin 2006-2008 Information Technology of Information Technology & Management is designed primarily for working professionals who seek a hands technologies, the application and integration of these technologies, and the administrative practices used

Heller, Barbara

180

Workshop on Magnetic Information Technology (MINT)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Questions addressed at the workshop are listed, including: (1) What are the Magnetic Information Technology (MINT) research needs in such areas as electronics, materials, surface science, magnetic phenomena and devices, aerodynamic aspects of magnetic systems, signal processing, and tribology as it bears on magnetics, (2) How should MINT research be addressed and conducted in the university environment, and (3) What are the vehicles in the university environment needed to facilitate addressing MINT issues. The MINT research is outlined. The need for research in the following areas is identified: magneto-optic recording, magnetic bubbles, particulate material recording, and thin film media.

Bortz, A. B.; Dunkle, S. B.

181

Information technology and the developing world: opportunities and obstacles  

SciTech Connect

The developing countries, although not homogeneous, share a growing recognition of the importance of information technology for fostering the development process. Rapid advancements in computer and telecommunications technologies offer new opportunities for improved resource management and for the successful employment of these tools in rural areas. Although developing nations have responded enthusiastically to the advantages of modern information technology, they are equally cognizant of the negative impact that reliance on foreign technology and services may have. As a result, developing countries are taking a number of actions at the national, regional, and international levels to ensure their active participation in the emerging Information Age. 25 references.

Bortnick, J.

1983-01-01

182

Information Technologies for the 1980's: Lasers and Microprocessors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of the development and application of lasers and microprocessors to information processing stresses laser communication in relation to capacity, reliability, and cost and the advantages of this technology to real-time information access and information storage. The increased capabilities of microprocessors are reviewed, and a…

Mathews, William D.

183

Processing and transmission of information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Techniques, useful in transmitting and processing information, are discussed. In particular, restrictions of the law of conservation of energy on allowable forms of interaction Hamiltonians and optimum quantum measurement by extension of Hilbert space technique are discussed.

1973-01-01

184

NUMBER: IT 1.00 SECTION: Information Technology  

E-print Network

NUMBER: IT 1.00 SECTION: Information Technology SUBJECT: Information Technology Procurement DATE by: William F. Hogue Issued by: Office of Information Technology __________________________________________________________________________ Background: This Information Technology (IT) policy is designed to support the Academic, Research

Almor, Amit

185

WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY Office of Information Technology  

E-print Network

1 WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY Office of Information Technology Service Desk Express (SDE) Self Service............................................................................................................................ 2 Using Service Desk Express (SDE) Self Service.............................................................................. 20 Troubleshooting SDE Self Service

Mohaghegh, Shahab

186

Today's Date __/__/20__ Information Technology -Call Center  

E-print Network

1 Today's Date __/__/20__ Information Technology - Call Center (657) 278-3925 Apply online: http _________________ Email Address _________________________________ Major ______________________ Expected Graduation Date _________________________________________________________________ City ______________________________ State ___________ Zip ___________________ Dates of Employment

de Lijser, Peter

187

Food Process Engineering Food Safety and Technology  

E-print Network

Food Process Engineering Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology National Center for Food Safety and Technology IIT Moffett Campus 6502 S. Archer Road Summit-Argo, IL 60501 708 Ravishankar The National Center for Food Safety and Technology (NCFST), with IIT faculty, U.S. Food and Drug

Heller, Barbara

188

Journal of Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology's purpose "is to encourage the sharing of knowledge and collaboration among the wide variety of fields that use information technology to inform clients." This interdisciplinary journal, one of the Informing Science Institute's open access journals, incorporates computer science, education, health care, government, and psychology, just to name a few. All articles from the journal, beginning in 2004, are available for free in pdf form. Visitors will find articles on teaching wireless technology, programming language education, undergraduate preparation for IT certification, and information security management. It is an excellent resource for any educator teaching IT courses to stay current with new education trends and topics.

Cohen, Eli B.

2008-02-12

189

Information friction : information technology and military performance  

E-print Network

Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

Lindsay, Jon Randall

2011-01-01

190

Natural language processing information retrieval  

E-print Network

Natural language processing for information retrieval David D. Lewis AT&T Bell Laboratories Karen with `end' text. We will however use information retrieval (IR), sometimes taken to mean document retrieval the essential properties of document retrieval and reviews both conventional practice and research findings

Haddadi, Hamed

191

Information Technology Services Application for Student Employment  

E-print Network

Information Technology Services Application for Student Employment 209 Hayes Hall Personal NO YES NO Work Experience: Last Employer: Supervisor: Job Description: Employer Phone: Address: Until: PG: Email: Release of Information: Work Experience Continued: Supervisor: Job Description: Employer Phone

Moore, Paul A.

192

Online Resources for Adaptive Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes several online resources devoted to the issue of information access by the disabled; librarians serving disabled users and seeking to employ adaptive technology will find a great deal of information on these sites. (AEF)

Balas, Janet L.

1999-01-01

193

Future Possibilities in Information Technology and Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes two articles that discuss science fiction and future possibilities in information technology: "'Jurassic Park' and Al Jolson: Thinking about the Information Revolution" (Connie Willis) and "The Good and the Bad: Outlines of Tomorrow" (David Brin). (LRW)

Wolf, Milton, Ed.; And Others

1994-01-01

194

Information, Technology, and Information Worker Productivity  

E-print Network

We econometrically evaluate information worker productivity at a midsize executive recruiting firm and assess whether the knowledge that workers accessed through their electronic communication networks enabled them to ...

Aral, Sinan

195

Office of Information Technologies Office of Information Technologies  

E-print Network

.oit.umass.edu Learning Management System (SPARK) SPARK is the Web-based Learning Management System (LMS) at UMass Amherst). Help Desk Consultants are also available in the Learning Commons on the Lower Level of the W.E.B. Du Technologies (OIT) develops, maintains, and supports computing, instructional technology

Schweik, Charles M.

196

CLEAN PROCESSES BRANCH (SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY DIVISION, NRMRL)  

EPA Science Inventory

The mission of NRMRL's Sustainable Technology Division's Clean Processes Branch (CPB) is to develop and demonstrate pollution prevention and recycling, resource recovery and reuse technologies primarily through an in-house research program. The major technical programs within the...

197

The information-processing approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information-processing (IP) approach to perception and cognition arose as a reaction to behaviourism. This reaction mainly concerned the nature of explanation in scientific psychology. The “standard” account of behaviour, phrased in strictly external terms, was replaced by a “realist” account, phrased in terms of internal entities and processes. An analysis of the theoretical language used in IP psychology shows

A. H. C. van der Heijden; Sarah Stebbins

1990-01-01

198

Information Society Technologies Advisory Group Working Group  

E-print Network

Challenges to assess the future of IST technologies and their influence on European society. The group's aims1 Information Society Technologies Advisory Group Working Group "Grand Challenges in the Evolution of the Information Society" W. Wahlster (ed.) July 2004 Contents 1. Executive Summary 2. Introduction 3. Research

Wahlster, Wolfgang - Deutsche Forschungszentrum fĂĽr KĂĽnstliche Intelligenz & FR 6.2

199

Employment, Trends, and Training in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, students, workers, and jobseekers have received mixed signals about the job market for information technology. Periods of strong job growth have been punctuated by brief periods of employment declines. Optimism about information technology (commonly referred to as IT) as a career field has been tempered by concerns about job…

Wright, Benjamin

2009-01-01

200

New Information Technologies: Possible Implications for Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents observations about developments in information technology that will influence the information industry and libraries of the future. Discusses search engine capabilities; push technology; electronic commerce; WebTV; and optical discs with links to Web sites. Ten figures provide illustrations and charts. (AEF)

de Stricker, Ulla

1998-01-01

201

Does Information Technology Lead to Smaller Firms?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many changes in the organization of work in the United States since 1975 have been attributed to the increased capabilities and use of information technology (IT) in business. However, few studies have attempted to empirically examine these relationships. The primary goal of this paper is to assess the hypothesis that investments in information technology are at least partially responsible for

Erik Brynjolfsson; Thomas W. Malone; Vijay Gurbaxani; Ajit Kambil

1994-01-01

202

Increasing elder consumer interactions with information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Advances in health care are enabling individuals to live longer, healthier lives. Although the use of information technology can improve the quality of life for the elderly, many older consumers choose to limit their interactions with information technology and so may be denied its potential benefits for enhancing quality of life. This paper seeks to explore factors impacting

Michelle Hough; Andrzej Kobylanski

2009-01-01

203

Older Adults' Acceptance of Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated variables contributing to older adults' information technology acceptance through a survey, which was used to find factors explaining and predicting older adults' information technology acceptance behaviors. Four factors, including needs satisfaction, perceived usability, support availability, and public acceptance, were…

Wang, Lin; Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Salvendy, Gavriel

2011-01-01

204

Application of information technologies in academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main purpose of this investigation is to define the status of the application of information technology in academic libraries located in Kerman, the center and largest city of Kerman Province, Iran, and to understand the problems and difficulties in using information technology in these libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The survey has covered 17 libraries belonging to Shahid Bahonar

Faranak Mohsenzadeh; Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam

2009-01-01

205

IT Open Forum Information Technology Services  

E-print Network

IT Open Forum Information Technology Services Engineering 285/287 5/16/2013 Powering Agility and a drop-down menu will appear May 16, 2013 Powering Agility Through Technology #12;3 Agenda · ISO Powering Agility Through Technology #12;ISO Appointment Update Terry Vahey Powering Agility Through

Su, Xiao

206

Information Technology Letter from the Director  

E-print Network

and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology through research and developmentInformation Technology Laboratory #12;Letter from the Director I n November 2011, I became

207

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HEALTHCARE  

E-print Network

. In addition, it was an explicit goal of the researchers to provide intelligence to the Advanced TechnologyADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HEALTHCARE: Case Studies from a Focused. We also thank a number of reviewers within and outside the Advanced Technology Program, including BJ

208

Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Website  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology Program (CICT) was established in 2001 to ensure NASA's Continuing leadership in emerging technologies. It is a coordinated, Agency-wide effort to develop and deploy key enabling technologies for a broad range of mission-critical tasks. The NASA CICT program is designed to address Agency-specific computing, information, and communications technology requirements beyond the projected capabilities of commercially available solutions. The areas of technical focus have been chosen for their impact on NASA's missions, their national importance, and the technical challenge they provide to the Program. In order to meet its objectives, the CICT Program is organized into the following four technology focused projects: 1) Computing, Networking and Information Systems (CNIS); 2) Intelligent Systems (IS); 3) Space Communications (SC); 4) Information Technology Strategic Research (ITSR).

Hardman, John; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

209

Proceedings 2nd International Workshop on Technologies for Collaborative Processes and Management of Enterprise Information Systems (TCoB & MEIS 2007)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise Information Systems (EIS) like ERP-, CRM- and SCM-systems are pervasive in today’s organizations. EIS implementation projects ask for major financial investments of organizations. They impact many processes and employees of an organization and require significant organizational change. EIS are not only a pervasive phenomenon from a financial point of view, but they also embed a high level of complexity

S. Sadiq; M. U. Reichert; K. Schulz; J. Trienekens; C. Moller; R. J. Kusters

2007-01-01

210

Information Technology Research and Education at NSF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF has been a leader in the development of new information technologies, including support for work in education and technology. Often, opportunities for educators are found in larger efforts. This is the case for the Information Technology Research (ITR) program. It has now been extended to education areas, as announced in NSF Publication 00-126. Links to the program announcement in multiple formats are found at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsf00126.

Wink, Donald J.

2000-11-01

211

Race, Place, and Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology inequalities based on race and ethnicity present a paradox. African-Americans and Latinos have lower rates of access and skill, even controlling for socioeconomic factors. Yet Afri- can-Americans, and to a lesser extent, Latinos, also have more positive attitudes toward informa- tion technology than similarly situated whites. Because attitudes cannot explain lower rates of access and skill, we hypothesize that

K. Mossberger; CAROLINE J. TOLBERT; MICHELE GILBERT

2006-01-01

212

Cyber-security analysis for process control oriented information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decades ?»information and communication technologies are more and more integrated into process control system, cyber-security becomes a crucial issue for enterprise information system. This paper first gives a layered view of process control oriented information system. Based on this layered structure, the vulnerabilities of the system is identified. Further study is focused on the monitor layer and

Xu Lei

2011-01-01

213

Fluidic microchemomechanical integrated circuits processing chemical information.  

PubMed

Lab-on-a-chip (LOC) technology has blossomed into a major new technology fundamentally influencing the sciences of life and nature. From a systemic point of view however, microfluidics is still in its infancy. Here, we present the concept of a microfluidic central processing unit (CPU) which shows remarkable similarities to early electronic Von Neumann microprocessors. It combines both control and execution units and, moreover, the complete power supply on a single chip and introduces the decision-making ability regarding chemical information into fluidic integrated circuits (ICs). As a consequence of this system concept, the ICs process chemical information completely in a self-controlled manner and energetically self-sustaining. The ICs are fabricated by layer-by-layer deposition of several overlapping layers based on different intrinsically active polymers. As examples we present two microchips carrying out long-term monitoring of critical parameters by around-the-clock sampling. PMID:23038405

Greiner, Rinaldo; Allerdissen, Merle; Voigt, Andreas; Richter, Andreas

2012-12-01

214

Informed Consumer Guide to Information on Funding Assistive Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory lists sources for the funding of assistive technology for people with disabilities. Introductory information urges determination of what assistive technology is needed and the gathering of all necessary information (such as primary and secondary disabilities, employment history, income and expenses, and health insurance) prior to…

ABLEDATA, Silver Spring, MD.

215

Information architecture: Standards adoption and retirement process service action plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Service Action Plan is to announce, as well as provide, a high-level outline of a new Departmental process for the adoption and retirement of information technology standards. This process supports the implementation of a Department of Energy (DOE) Information Architecture. This plan was prepared with the Department of Energy information technology standards customers and stakeholders in mind. The process described in this plan will be serviced primarily by staff from the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Information Management with assistance from designated program and site Information Technology Standards Points of Contact. We welcome any comments regarding this new Departmental process and encourage the proposal of information technology standards for adoption or retirement.

NONE

1997-03-01

216

76 FR 78009 - Information Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...regarding Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision. Public...techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Submit...

2011-12-15

217

Fostering an informal learning community of computer technologies at school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer technologies develop at a challenging fast pace. Formal education should not only teach students basic computer skills to meet current computer needs, but also foster student development of informal learning ability for a lifelong learning process. On the other hand, students growing up in the digital world are often more skilled with computer technologies than their teachers. We describe

Lu Xiao; John M. Carroll

2007-01-01

218

Information symmetries in irreversible processes.  

PubMed

We study dynamical reversibility in stationary stochastic processes from an information-theoretic perspective. Extending earlier work on the reversibility of Markov chains, we focus on finitary processes with arbitrarily long conditional correlations. In particular, we examine stationary processes represented or generated by edge-emitting, finite-state hidden Markov models. Surprisingly, we find pervasive temporal asymmetries in the statistics of such stationary processes. As a consequence, the computational resources necessary to generate a process in the forward and reverse temporal directions are generally not the same. In fact, an exhaustive survey indicates that most stationary processes are irreversible. We study the ensuing relations between model topology in different representations, the process's statistical properties, and its reversibility in detail. A process's temporal asymmetry is efficiently captured using two canonical unifilar representations of the generating model, the forward-time and reverse-time ?-machines. We analyze example irreversible processes whose ?-machine representations change size under time reversal, including one which has a finite number of recurrent causal states in one direction, but an infinite number in the opposite. From the forward-time and reverse-time ?-machines, we are able to construct a symmetrized, but nonunifilar, generator of a process--the bidirectional machine. Using the bidirectional machine, we show how to directly calculate a process's fundamental information properties, many of which are otherwise only poorly approximated via process samples. The tools we introduce and the insights we offer provide a better understanding of the many facets of reversibility and irreversibility in stochastic processes. PMID:21974670

Ellison, Christopher J; Mahoney, John R; James, Ryan G; Crutchfield, James P; Reichardt, Jörg

2011-09-01

219

A framework for the utilization of information technology in higher education admission department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Through an examination of the admission department at Miami University of Ohio and their use of information technology, a generalized framework for the use of information technology in university admissions is proposed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper was developed to start an introduction to the admission process and the role of information technology in the process. The basis for

Michael McClea; David C. Yen

2005-01-01

220

Technology maturation process: the NASA Strategic Astrophysics Technology (SAT) program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009 the Astrophysics Division at NASA Headquarters established the Strategic Astrophysics Technology (SAT) solicitation as a new technology maturation program to fill the needed gap for mid-Technology Readiness Level (TRL) levels (3? TRL <6). In three full proposal selection cycles since the inception of this program, more than 40 investigations have been selected, many meritorious milestones have been met and advances have been achieved. In this paper, we review the process of establishing technology priorities, the management of technology advancements and milestones, and the incipient success of some of these investigations in light of the need of future space missions.

Perez, Mario R.; Pham, Bruce T.; Lawson, Peter R.

2014-08-01

221

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include miniaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is less easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large data sets. Three limiting paradigms are as follows: saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage, and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear model of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1991-01-01

222

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include mineaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large datasets. Three limiting paradigms are saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear mode of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1990-01-01

223

Partnerships between Universities and Information Technology Vendors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Partnerships are examined using information gathered in interviews with over 20 chief information officers or chief academic computing officers at universities considered leaders in information technology. Issues addressed include why partnerships are formed; four types; how they are formed; the importance of vendor contract; and impact.…

Norris, Donald M.

1990-01-01

224

Children Show Selective Trust in Technological Informants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although children are often exposed to technological devices early in life, little is known about how they evaluate these novel sources of information. In two experiments, children aged 3, 4, and 5 years old ("n" = 92) were presented with accurate and inaccurate computer informants, and they subsequently relied on information provided by…

Danovitch, Judith H.; Alzahabi, Reem

2013-01-01

225

Information Technology and the Human Research Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews how information technology supports the Human Research Facility (HRF) and specifically the uses that contractor has for the information. There is information about the contractor, the HRF, some of the experiments that were performed using the HRF on board the Shuttle, overviews of the data architecture, and software both commercial and specially developed software for the specific experiments.

Klee, Margaret

2002-01-01

226

Mobile Technologies Altering All Processes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two years ago U.S. Army leaders embarked on a project assessing the power of Smartphone technology to fundamentally change how Soldiers communicate and access data, knowledge and training. The intent of the project was to determine if there was significan...

M. McCarthy, R. Dragon

2012-01-01

227

The process for technology transfer in Baltimore  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ingredients essential for a successful decision process relative to proper technological choices for a large city were determined during four years of experience in the NASA/Baltimore Applications Project. The general approach, rationale, and process of technology transfer are discussed.

Golden, T. S.

1978-01-01

228

Early Processing of Visual Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction is given to a theory of early visual information processing. The theory has been implemented, and examples are given of images at various stages of analysis. It is argued that the first step of consequence is to compute a primitive but rich description of the grey-level changes present in an image. The description is expressed in a vocabulary

D. Marr

1976-01-01

229

Research on probabilistic information processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work accomplished on probabilistic information processing (PIP) is reported. The research proposals and decision analysis are discussed along with the results of research on MSC setting, multiattribute utilities, and Bayesian research. Abstracts of reports concerning the PIP research are included.

Edwards, W.

1973-01-01

230

Information Processing in Dendritic Trees  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review considers the input-output behavior of neurons with dendritic trees, with an emphasis on questions of information processing. The parts of this review are (1) a brief history of ideas about dendritic trees, (2) a review of the complex electrophysiology of dendritic neurons, (3) an overview of conceptual tools used in dendritic modeling studies, including the cable equation and

Bartlett W. Mel

1994-01-01

231

Information maximization in face processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This perspective paper explores principles of unsupervised learning and how they relate to face recognition. Dependency coding and information maximization appear to be central principles in neural coding early in the visual system. These principles may be relevant to how we think about higher visual processes such as face recognition as well. The paper first reviews examples of dependency learning

Marian Stewart Bartlett

2007-01-01

232

Dynamic Information and Library Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an introduction to automated information services: collection, analysis, classification, storage, retrieval, transmission, and dissemination. An introductory chapter is followed by an overview of mechanized processes for acquisitions, cataloging, and circulation. Automatic indexing and abstracting methods are covered, followed…

Salton, Gerard

233

(CICT) Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) program is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communications technologies. This viewgraph presentation includes diagrams of how the political guidance behind CICT is structured. The presentation profiles each part of the NASA Mission in detail, and relates the Mission to the activities of CICT. CICT's Integrated Capability Goal is illustrated, and hypothetical missions which could be enabled by CICT are profiled. CICT technology development is profiled.

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

234

The Future School Manager: Information and Communication Technology Aspects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the competence demands of the future school manager in a decentralized system of local management of schools imply proficiency of the manager in the use of ICT (Information and Communications Technology). Discusses communication habits, information processing, networking, the promotion of shared values, and leadership development.…

Slenning, Kah

2000-01-01

235

Is more information technology better for new product development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Firms spend considerable amount of money on information technology (IT) to improve their processes, thereby reducing costs, enhancing quality and getting to market faster. Consequently, understanding the effective relationship between the IT department and new product development (NPD) teams can inform whether firms reap the expected benefits from their IT. The purpose of this paper is to provide

Serdar S. Durmusoglu; Roger J. Calantone; V. Sambamurthy

2006-01-01

236

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology. Volume Eight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptions and appraisals of significant recent trends and developments in the field of information science are presented. The eleven individual chapters deal, respectively, with the following topics: 1) the economics of information, 2) document description and representation, 3) automated language processing, 4) microform technology, 5) library…

Cuadra, Carlos A., Ed.; Luke, Ann W., Ed.

237

Women Technology Leaders: Gender Issues in Higher Education Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women working in higher education information technology (IT) organizations and those seeking leadership positions in these organizations face a double challenge in overcoming the traditionally male-dominated environments of higher education and IT. Three women higher education chief information officers (CIOs) provided their perspectives,…

Drury, Marilyn

2011-01-01

238

Information Sciences and Technology Information Technology: Integration & Application (ITINT) Option  

E-print Network

) Option Effective Summer 2011 Semester 1 Credits Semester 2 Credits IST 110/110S Information, People or ENGL 030 (GWS) 3 Total Credits: 14 Total Credits: 18 Summer: IST 495 Internship (1) Semester 3 Credits Semester 4 Credits IST 220 Networking and Telecommunications ETM Course 3 IST 240 Introduction to Computer

Petrick, Irene J.

239

Supersmooth processing technology of optical elements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The newest achievement of super smooth processing technology of optical element bowl-feed polishing (BFP) is described. The need background and developing tendency of super-smooth optical elements are analyzed. The key problems of BFP have been found, the process parameters have been determined, and the basic method of BFP has been worked out by the study of process factors and processing

Xiaoli Song; Jiwu Zhang; Qiming Xin; Ying Su; Feng Yang

2000-01-01

240

Associate VP for Information Technology  

E-print Network

/Events Assessment Of New Technologies And Their Applications In Higher Education IT Division Major RFP Coordination Management Tech Support Consultation Web Site Management Classroom Design & Support IT Division Marketing Education Infrastructure IT Security Network Operations Grid Computing Community Cluster High Performance

Rock, Chris

241

Brief: Information technology outsourcing -- one company's experience  

SciTech Connect

To address the pressures of the 1990's business climate, Amoco Canada Petroleum Co. Ltd. went through an aggressive evaluation and restructuring of its business operations. This precipitated a critical review of its information technology (IT) strategy with a goal of maintaining effectiveness while reducing overall costs. To meet the challenge of substantially reducing expenses while continuing to maintain effective service levels, the company entered a 5-year agreement to outsource its data center and network operations. this paper discusses the business forces that brought Amoco Canada to consider outsourcing, the processes surrounding the outsourcing decision, and the results to date. The authors demonstrate that by understanding the role of IT in its business plans, the company successfully met its outsourcing objectives.

Klochko, J.W.; Bester, L.W. (Amoco Canada Petroleum Co. Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1994-06-01

242

Process Guide for Deburring Technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report is an updated and consolidated view of the current deburring processes at the Kansas City Plant (KCP). It includes specific examples of current burr problems and the methods used for their detection. Also included is a pictorial review of the large variety of available deburr tools, along with a complete numerical listing of existing tools and their descriptions. The process for deburring all the major part feature categories is discussed.

Frey, David L.

2012-10-25

243

Towards an information technology infrastructure cost model  

E-print Network

Ever since the introduction of the Internet in 1994, one of the defining characteristics of the global economy, particularly in the US, is a dramatic increase in expenditures on Information Technology. While this trend is ...

Huang, Ken, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

244

Essays on impact of information technology  

E-print Network

The five essays in this dissertation look at how specific information technologies (such as Electronic Document Management (EDM), Semantic Web and RuleML) and IT in general can be used to automate and standardize data and ...

Bhansali, Sumit Milap

2007-01-01

245

Essays on information technology and intangible capital  

E-print Network

This thesis consists of three essays related to information technology and intangible capital. The first essay, "Valuing IT-Related Intangible Capital," examines the value of intangible assets in the firm. Using a panel ...

Saunders, Adam

2011-01-01

246

Rail Technology and Systems Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from Federal Transit Administration reviews some of the challenges involved in subway design. On this page, visitors will find the aims of the program as well as further research and reports regarding the sharing of tracks between transit and freight railroads, tunnel design and construction, and subway environment simulation. There is also a link to the May 2005 final report on the General Atomics Low Speed Maglev Technology Development Program, a 174-page pdf.

2008-02-11

247

Revitalizing the Engineering Curriculum: The Role of Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the potential of information technology in engineering education with reference to a model of the learning process. Discusses engineering as an academic subject, engineering as a mathematical subject, engineering as applied science, a model of the learning process, and the role of telematics. Contains 17 references. (JRH)

Bissell, Christopher

1995-01-01

248

Cogeneration technology alternatives study. Volume 2: Industrial process characteristics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information and data for 26 industrial processes are presented. The following information is given for each process: (1) a description of the process including the annual energy consumption and product production and plant capacity; (2) the energy requirements of the process for each unit of production and the detailed data concerning electrical energy requirements and also hot water, steam, and direct fired thermal requirements; (3) anticipated trends affecting energy requirements with new process or production technologies; and (4) representative plant data including capacity and projected requirements through the year 2000.

1980-01-01

249

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ASSIMILATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential suite of decision support system (DSS) applications deployed by organizations is dynamic and change with advances in computer technology. An understanding of DSS applications is important in planning organization strategy or creating a roadmap that encompasses these changes. This research effort examines the definition of DSS, the assimilation of information technology in organizations, and the assimilation dynamics of

Roger L. Hayen; Monica C. Holmes

2004-01-01

250

Advancing Excellence in Information Technology at the  

E-print Network

Advancing Excellence in Information Technology at the University of Minnesota March 20, 2010 #12 that advances academic priorities is imperative. · Proposed: Highly Coordinated Model ­ The IT directors serve;Working Group Massoud Amin, Director, Technological Leadership Institute, and Professor, Institute

Minnesota, University of

251

Educational Technology Adoption: An Information Systems Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concentrating on the adoption and implementation of educational technology, this paper outlines and compares the conceptual definitions of educational technology (ET) and information systems (IS). Adoption and implementation models and frameworks are discussed, and similarities and differences between IS adoption and implementation and educational…

Schneberger, Scott L.; Jost, Karen Lee

252

CULTURAL DIFFERENCES AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the main streams of research in the IS field is the explanation and prediction of Information technology (IT) adoption and usage. Even though several theories have been developed to address this phenomenon a consensus about the determinants of IT usage has emerged among researchers in the IS field. Specifically, the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) (Davis, 1989) is considered

Amel Ben Zakour

253

Information Technology Staffing in Maryland Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maryland Community Colleges Technology Council conducted a survey of all 18 community colleges in Maryland during the spring of 1998 to determine the number and salaries of full-time staff supporting campus information technologies. Collectively, the colleges had 377 full-time positions authorized, with 305 positions filled. The organization…

Clagett, Craig A.

254

Information and Communications Technologies Center Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of useful videos. Most of the clips are from conferences such as the 2010 CTC Winter Retreat and feature talks given at the conferences. Several other clips involve discussions of ICT academics and technology. The clips vary in length.

2011-08-09

255

Information Technology: Its Impact on Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology  

NSF Publications Database

Evaluation of effective uses of Information technology forteaching and learning and evaluation of effective uses of information technology for disseminating material and information. Faculty Development in Information Technology-- o Information technology increases the variety of needs for training, including: the use of information technology itself, applications, teaching techniques, evaluation of available materials, indexing, and the training of graduate students.

256

Technology, Privacy and the Democratic Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a review of two accelerating trends in the technology of producing and distributing information and entertainment, this paper argues that the promises of "the information economy" and the "television of abundance" bring not the emancipation of diversity and access, but the rapid disintegration of an already weakened right to privacy at the…

Gandy, Oscar H., Jr.; Simmons, Charles E.

257

Efficiency of cellular information processing  

E-print Network

We show that a rate of conditional Shannon entropy reduction, characterizing the learning of an internal process about an external process, is bounded by the thermodynamic entropy production. This approach allows for the definition of an informational efficiency that can be used to study cellular information processing. We analyze three models of increasing complexity inspired by the E. coli sensory network, where the external process is an external ligand concentration jumping between two values. We start with a simple model for which ATP must be consumed so that a protein inside the cell can learn about the external concentration. With a second model for a single receptor we show that the rate at which the receptor learns about the external environment can be nonzero even without any dissipation inside the cell since chemical work done by the external process compensates for this learning rate. The third model is more complete, also containing adaptation. For this model we show inter alia that a bacterium in an environment that changes at a very slow time-scale is quite inefficient, dissipating much more than it learns. Using the concept of a coarse-grained learning rate, we show for the model with adaptation that while the activity learns about the external signal the option of changing the methylation level increases the concentration range for which the learning rate is substantial.

Andre C. Barato; David Hartich; Udo Seifert

2014-05-28

258

Efficiency of cellular information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that a rate of conditional Shannon entropy reduction, characterizing the learning of an internal process about an external process, is bounded by the thermodynamic entropy production. This approach allows for the definition of an informational efficiency that can be used to study cellular information processing. We analyze three models of increasing complexity inspired by the Escherichia coli sensory network, where the external process is an external ligand concentration jumping between two values. We start with a simple model for which ATP must be consumed so that a protein inside the cell can learn about the external concentration. With a second model for a single receptor we show that the rate at which the receptor learns about the external environment can be nonzero even without any dissipation inside the cell since chemical work done by the external process compensates for this learning rate. The third model is more complete, also containing adaptation. For this model we show inter alia that a bacterium in an environment that changes at a very slow time-scale is quite inefficient, dissipating much more than it learns. Using the concept of a coarse-grained learning rate, we show for the model with adaptation that while the activity learns about the external signal the option of changing the methylation level increases the concentration range for which the learning rate is substantial.

Barato, Andre C.; Hartich, David; Seifert, Udo

2014-10-01

259

Information processing. [in human performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Theoretical models of sensory-information processing by the human brain are reviewed from a human-factors perspective, with a focus on their implications for aircraft and avionics design. The topics addressed include perception (signal detection and selection), linguistic factors in perception (context provision, logical reversals, absence of cues, and order reversals), mental models, and working and long-term memory. Particular attention is given to decision-making problems such as situation assessment, decision formulation, decision quality, selection of action, the speed-accuracy tradeoff, stimulus-response compatibility, stimulus sequencing, dual-task performance, task difficulty and structure, and factors affecting multiple task performance (processing modalities, codes, and stages).

Wickens, Christopher D.; Flach, John M.

1988-01-01

260

77 FR 48169 - The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information on the Proposed Expansion: Part 1...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Investigation No. 332-536] The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...Expansion: Part 1; The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...investigation No. 332-532, The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and...

2012-08-13

261

Processing technology of pistachio halva  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the present condition that Iran deals with raw pistachio export, development of pistachio processing industries is a necessity. Production of pistachio halva in this investigation is for the mentioned purpose. On the basis of halva tahini formulation and using of pistachio paste (ohadi variety), mixed of white sugar and glucose (with egg albumin) and citric acid and variation in

S. Ardakani; M. Ahmad; S. Fatemeh; K. Mohammad; G. Hoseyn; A. O. L. Javanshah; A. Ezatabadi; F. Mohammad; M. Hasan; F. Salehi

2005-01-01

262

Port security and information technology  

E-print Network

The terrorist attacks of September 11th 2001 on New York and Washington DC shed light on the many security shortcomings that sea ports and the entire import and export process face. A primary source of these problems is ...

Petrakakos, Nikolaos Harilaos

2005-01-01

263

Electrochromic Windows: Advanced Processing Technology  

SciTech Connect

This project addresses the development of advanced fabrication capabilities for energy saving electrochromic (EC) windows. SAGE EC windows consist of an inorganic stack of thin films deposited onto a glass substrate. The window tint can be reversibly changed by the application of a low power dc voltage. This property can be used to modulate the amount of light and heat entering buildings (or vehicles) through the glazings. By judicious management of this so-called solar heat gain, it is possible to derive significant energy savings due to reductions in heating lighting, and air conditioning (HVAC). Several areas of SAGE’s production were targeted during this project to allow significant improvements to processing throughput, yield and overall quality of the processing, in an effort to reduce the cost and thereby improve the market penetration. First, the overall thin film process was optimized to allow a more robust set of operating points to be used, thereby maximizing the yield due to the thin film deposition themselves. Other significant efforts aimed at improving yield were relating to implementing new procedures and processes for the manufacturing process, to improve the quality of the substrate preparation, and the quality of the IGU fabrication. Furthermore, methods for reworking defective devices were developed, to enable devices which would otherwise be scrapped to be made into useful product. This involved the in-house development of some customized equipment. Finally, the improvements made during this project were validated to ensure that they did not impact the exceptional durability of the SageGlass® products. Given conservative estimates for cost and market penetration, energy savings due to EC windows in residences in the US are calculated to be of the order 0.026 quad (0.026×1015BTU/yr) by the year 2017.

SAGE Electrochromics, Inc

2006-12-13

264

Wood Technology: Techniques, Processes, and Products  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven areas of wood technology illustrates applicable techniques, processes, and products for an industrial arts woodworking curriculum. They are: wood lamination; PEG (polyethylene glycol) diffusion processes; wood flour and/or particle molding; production product of industry; WPC (wood-plastic-composition) process; residential construction; and…

Oatman, Olan

1975-01-01

265

Donor?funded information technology transfer projects: Evaluating the life?cycle approach in four Chinese science and technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) forms an increasingly important component of donor?funded development projects, yet there has been very little structured analysis of the IT transfer process. This paper presents and evaluates a structured framework for analysis of IT transfer ? the information technology transfer life?cycle ? based on a study of four Chinese technology projects. The life?cycle framework helps to structure

Erik Baark; Richard Heeks

1999-01-01

266

Information Processing and Formation of Sociology of Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress and development in technology of information processing has not only effected gradually the fundamental purpose, that is providing exact information for people who need it, but also has offered many numerical data that are optimum to form Sociology of Science. To have more knowledge to understand the construction of the world with Sociology of Science can supply more devices for making scientific policy and can do more good for technology of information processing. This paper reviews these process looking through the process of formation of Sociology of Science.

Abe, Koichiro

267

Governance Mechanisms in Information Technology Outsourcing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the dominance of Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) as a sourcing strategy would seem to indicate successful and well-informed practice, frequent examples of unraveled engagements highlight the associated risks. Successful instances of outsourcing suggest that governance mechanisms effectively manage the related risks. This…

Ravindran, Kiron

2010-01-01

268

The Information Infrastructure and Technology Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statement by Senator Albert Gore, Jr., on introduction of the Information Infrastructure and Technology Act of 1992 highlights examples of applications of high-performance computing, the components of the Information Infrastructure Development Program (i.e., education, libraries, manufacturing, and health care), and participating agencies. A…

Gore, Albert, Jr.

1992-01-01

269

Survey of Rural Information Infrastructure Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication and information technologies can reduce the barriers of distance and space that disadvantage rural areas. This report defines a set of distinct voice, computer, and video telecommunication services; describes several rural information applications that make use of these services; and surveys various wireline and wireless systems and…

Allen, Kenneth C.; And Others

270

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

271

Managing aviation safety through information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft airworthiness management can now take place for the commercial aircarrier fleet as a result of the FAA certification of intact aircraft nondestructive inspection (NDI) and information technologies systems which were originally developed for the Air Force. The merit of aircraft airworthiness management has proven extremely successful for the government fleet for more than a decade. The inspection and information

William E. Larsen; Kevin D. Cooksy; John Zuk

1999-01-01

272

Information Technology for Synthetic Biology Masami Hagiya  

E-print Network

Information Technology for Synthetic Biology Masami Hagiya Graduates School of Information Science that is crucial to ensure progress in synthetic biology. After a brief introduction about the emerging field of synthetic biology, I will explain its importance as an interdisciplinary area between life science

Hagiya, Masami

273

Electric Field Containerless Processing Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this task is to develop the science and technology base required to design and construct a high temperature electric field positioning module that could be used by materials scientists to conduct containerless science experiments in a low gravity environment. Containerless science modules that employ electric fields to position and manipulate samples offer several advantages over acoustic or electromagnetic systems. The electric field system will operate not only at atmospheric pressures but also in a vacuum, in contrast to the acoustic modules which can only operate in atmosphere where the acoustic forces are sufficient. The electric field technique puts minimum energy into the sample, whereas the electromagnetic system can deposit energy into the sample through eddy current heat as well as physical mixing in the sample. Two types of electric field modules have been constructed and tested to date. One employs a charged sample and uses electrostatic forces to position and control the sample. The second type of module induces electrical polarization of the sample and electric field gradients to position and control the sample.

Elleman, D. D.; Rhim, W. K.

1985-01-01

274

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center, aims to "contribute to scientific and technological innovation in telecommunications education" as well as to "provide appropriately skilled technicians and technologists" to information and communication technologies (ICT) businesses, industry, and users. In the "Publications" section of this site, visitors will find links to ICT textbooks and a helpful glossary of telecommunications terms. In the "Resources" section, there are a number of ICT workforce development presentations and Flash simulations on topics such as shift keying and Ethernet switching. Also in this section, there is a web tutorial on designing accessible web pages. This site has a great deal of information to assist students and technologists in telecommunications fields, as well as ready-to-use instructional materials for educators.

2007-08-20

275

Domain Driven Technologies for Natural Language Processing  

E-print Network

1 28/07/06 1 Domain Driven Technologies for Natural Language Processing Alfio Massimiliano Gliozzo. These properties have been exploited to develop innovative technologies for a wide range of different Natural that covers a whole spectrum of phenomena, a domain (Structuralist paradigm) e.g. Medicine: hospital, doctor

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

276

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

277

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2010-10-01

278

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2011-10-01

279

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2013-10-01

280

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2012-10-01

281

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2013-10-01

282

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2012-10-01

283

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Information Technology Virus Security. 2452.239-71 Section...2452.239-71 Information Technology Virus Security. As prescribed in 2439.107...following clause: Information Technology Virus Security (FEB 2006) (a) The...

2011-10-01

284

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

285

Information Technology Solutions Four Countries  

E-print Network

of the host culture Living with a host family Intensive language classes, theatre, music and sports Program Overview The Program combines academic language learning, cultural instruction, host family living are highly motivated, 16-18 years old, and have undergone an intensive selection process, including language

Indiana University

286

Center for Women and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Women and Information Technology (CWIT), located at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, was named "the best resource on women and technology on the Web" by ABCNews.com. The center's primary goal is to promote women's involvement in the IT industry. CWIT's Web site provides a wealth of information for women, ranging from learning the basics of computers to IT training and certification. Women considering IT as a field of study will also find information on financial aid and the CWIT Scholars Program. There is a list of books and many links to news articles about women and IT that are both interesting and insightful. .

2002-01-01

287

Methodology to manage process technology innovation  

E-print Network

The research conducted for this thesis was performed at "Company X", a U.S.-based engineered goods manufacturer. This project focused on the company's Advanced Manufacturing group and its process technology development ...

Schweizer, Daniel

2010-01-01

288

Process Analytical Technology in biopharmaceutical manufacturing  

E-print Network

Process Analytical Technology (PAT) became a well-defined concept within the pharmaceutical industry as a result of a major initiative by the FDA called "Pharmaceutical cGMPs for the 21st Century: A Risk-Based Approach." ...

Cosby, Samuel T. (Samuel Thomas)

2013-01-01

289

Alternative Technologies for Processing Raw Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is need for diversification and concerned efforts to simply find efficient conventional material technologies to process a broader spectrum of local conventional materials in order to add value to them. The study presents a concept of alternative te...

1991-01-01

290

SITE TECHNOLOGY CAPSULE: ZENOGEM? WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESS  

EPA Science Inventory

Zenon Environmental System's ZenoGem? Wastewater Treatment Process treats aqueous media contaminated with volatile/semi-volatile organic compounds. This technology combines aerobic biological treatment to remove biodegradable organic compounds with ultrafiltration to separate res...

291

Combustion process science and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An important and substantial area of technical work in which noncontact temperature measurement (NCTM) is desired is that involving combustion process research. In the planning for this workshop, it was hoped that W. Serignano would provide a briefing regarding the experimental requirements for thermal measurements to support such research. The particular features of thermal measurement requirements included those describing the timeline for combustion experiments, the requirements for thermal control and diagnostics of temperature and other related thermal measurements and the criticality to the involved science to parametric features of measurement capability including precision, repeatability, stability, and resolution. In addition, it was hoped that definitions could be provided which characterize the needs for concurrent imaging as it relates to science observations during the conduct of experimentation.

Hale, Robert R.

1989-01-01

292

Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT), part of the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program, "supports the development of a highly skilled, educated and diverse process technician workforce for the chemical manufacturing, refining, oil and gas production, and pharmaceutical manufacturing industry sectors. To accomplish this, CAPT focuses on three models: one for pre-hire education in process technology (PTEC), one for new hire training, and one for incumbent training." On this page, visitors will find curriculum materials and products, professional development opportunities, and process technology career information. In the Marketing section, there are a host of publications including the CAPT newsletter, presentations, press releases, a marketing toolkit, student success stories, and other CAPT publications.

2008-07-18

293

SPECIAL ISSUE ON OPTICAL PROCESSING OF INFORMATION: Waveguide optoelectronic components for devices used in functional processing of digital information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results are given of technologic and circuit-engineering development of planar micro-optics components made of glasses and of lithium niobate. These components are intended for devices to be used in logic—arithmetic processing of information.

Gladkii, V. P.; Nikitin, V. A.; Prokhorov, V. P.; Yakovenko, N. A.

1995-10-01

294

OFFICE OF THE VICE PROVOST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

the world. The 2011-2012 ITS Annual Report contains the latest on the technology, people, and initiativesOFFICE OF THE VICE PROVOST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Information Technology Services 2011 for information technology at Penn State. Information Technology Services (ITS), the University's centrally

Maroncelli, Mark

295

Greencast-process, a new ceramic technology for plastics processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “Greencast” process is a new lost-core technology for the production of hollow parts from thermoplastics and thermosets using water soluble cores [patent: Valmet Transmec Ltd.\\/Greencast Project Ltd.]; [inventor: Harri S. Sahari].

Pentti Jarvela; Alli Jaala-Siuko; Hannu Jylha

1996-01-01

296

Education and Career Pathways in Information Communication Technology: What Are Schoolgirls Saying?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights key themes which emerged from schoolgirls' responses to focus group questions regarding perceptions of Information Communication Technology (ICT) subjects in the Queensland senior secondary curriculum, primarily, Information Processing Technology (IPT) and Information Technology Systems (ITS). The 2006 focus group interviews…

Lasen, Michelle

2010-01-01

297

Directed-energy process technology efforts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A summary of directed-energy process technology for solar cells was presented. This technology is defined as directing energy or mass to specific areas on solar cells to produce a desired effect in contrast to exposing a cell to a thermal or mass flow environment. Some of these second generation processing techniques are: ion implantation; microwave-enhanced chemical vapor deposition; rapid thermal processing; and the use of lasers for cutting, assisting in metallization, assisting in deposition, and drive-in of liquid dopants. Advantages of directed energy techniques are: surface heating resulting in the bulk of the cell material being cooler and unchanged; better process control yields; better junction profiles, junction depths, and metal sintering; lower energy consumption during processing and smaller factory space requirements. These advantages should result in higher-efficiency cells at lower costs. The results of the numerous contracted efforts were presented as well as the application potentials of these new technologies.

Alexander, P.

1985-01-01

298

BATEC Information Technology Workforce Skills Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Broadening Advanced Technological Education Connections (BATEC) is a regional partnership between business, industry, government and community that is a development system for information technology. This system is an attempt to attract a diverse workforce for the promotion of lifelong learning in this discipline. This specific resource explores "the implications of the shift in corporate valuation from physical to intellectual capital for technical workers, and provides detailed suggestions regarding the responses required for education at all levels that educates our technological workforce." The PDF is broken down into a research methodology, data presentation, findings/observations, regional employment outlook and conclusions/recommendations. This study is a thorough introduction into professional development in the field of information technology.

2010-03-26

299

77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; HIT...Meaningful Use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) AGENCY: Health Information Technology (HIT...or debit card number; any personal health information; or...

2012-11-26

300

Research Opportunities in Information Science and Technology: Cognitive Aspects of Information Science, Information Technology, and Economics of Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the reports of three working groups which were convened separately over a 3-year period at the request of the Advisory Committee for the Division of Information Science and Technology of the National Science Foundation to obtain the opinion of experts concerning research opportunities and trends in information science and…

National Science Foundation. Washington, DC. Div. of Information Science and Technology.

301

TEXACO GASIFICATION PROCESS - INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes the evaluation of the Texaco Gasification Process (TGP) conducted under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program. The Texaco Gasification Process was developed by Texaco Inc. The TGP is a comm...

302

Information Technology and the Future of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Will improvements in information technology eliminate face-to-face interactions and make cities obsolete? In this paper, we present a model where people make contacts and choose a mode of interaction: meeting face-to-face or communicating electronically. Cities are a means of reducing the fixed travel costs involved in face-to-face interactions. When telecommunications technology improves, there will be two opposing effects on cities

Jess Gaspar; Edward L. Glaeser

1998-01-01

303

Information Technology Assessment Study: Full Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an information technology (IT) infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology are presented. IT needs and interests for future OSS missions and current NASA IT research and development (R&D) are discussed. Non-NASA participants provide overviews of some of their IT R&D programs. Implementation and infusion issues and the findings and recommendations of the assessment team are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

304

Prioritizing Information Technology Investments: Assessing the Correlations among Technological Readiness, Information Technology Flexibility, and Information Technology Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management's dilemma, when allocating financial resources towards the improvement of technological readiness and IT flexibility within their organizations, is to control financial risk and maximize IT effectiveness. Technological readiness is people's propensity to embrace and use technology. Its drivers are optimism, innovativeness, discomfort,…

Walter, John T.

2010-01-01

305

How to access treatment technology information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this information age, there is a wealth of data on innovative treatment technologies being created at a very fast pace. The exchange of new information via telecommunication is prompt and far-reaching. For environmental protection and health and risk-related issues, there are quite a number of databases developed by US EPA currently available, both as on-line search systems and as

K. F. Hsu; D. A. Sullivan

1995-01-01

306

Creating an enabling information technology infrastructure.  

PubMed

An enabling information technology platform is required to transform the healthcare system to one that is focused on improving value for patients. The key attributes of this platform are that it is patient centered, uses common data definitions, includes all types of patient data, is accessible to everyone involved in care of the patient, includes templates and experts systems, and is structured to facilitate information extraction. These attributes are described within the context of clinical nurse specialist practice. PMID:24309569

Barton, Amy J

2014-01-01

307

Risk Evaluation Process Model of Information Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The risk assessment applied in information technology is the information security risk evaluation. A modeling method of security system that is suitable to description results and restriction of information and to modeling form and control of distributed system is put forward based on the analysis of the concept of security system risk evaluation in the field of information security. A

Liu Jing

2009-01-01

308

European Information Technology Observatory EITO 2002 2. What is sustainable  

E-print Network

250 European Information Technology Observatory · EITO 2002 2. What is sustainable development the Brundtland Commis- sion's 1987 report, "Our Common Future". Here, sustainable development is defined their own needs".1 This chapter defines sustainable develop- ment as: A dynamic process which enables all

Loke, Seng W. - Loke, Seng W.

309

Enhancing Studying Mathematics at Faculty of Information Technologies (FIT), MOSTAR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the effects of curriculum changes for course on Mathematics at Faculty of Information Technologies, University "Dzemal Bijedic", Mostar, BIH. Changes were introduced during Fall Semester 2006/7. They are aiming to improve knowledge deliverance and examination process. Effect of changes was measured by comparing actual results…

Bijedic, Nina; Slanjankic, Emir; Praso, Murat

2007-01-01

310

Sciences et Technologies de lInformation et  

E-print Network

'Ă©changes dialectiques au bout de 18 mois de formation. Quant Ă  l'analyse structurelle, elle a permis de mettre en a progression of the discourse on the training processes. These networks compose a most special social structure des Sciences et Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication pour l'Education et la Formation

Boyer, Edmond

311

Impact of information technology certifications in Puerto Rico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine if the professional information technology (IT) in Puerto Rico has had an impact during the job search process, financial compensation and success in the industry, from the point of view of management, with the emergence of certification. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The design used in this research was the cross-sectional and not

Orlando Félix Rodríguez; Fernando Fernández; René Soto Torres

2011-01-01

312

Information Technology for Harvesting NASA Earth Science Research Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NASA Applied Sciences Program has funded the Mississippi Research Consortium (MRC) to develop information technology that will facilitate searches for potential applications of NASA assets to various needs in the earth sciences community. In particular, it will help generate ideas for new ways to use NASA missions, research, and\\/or models in conjunction with operational decision-making processes (or decision support

J. V. Aanstoos; D. Shaw; C. O'Hara; T. Frisbie

2007-01-01

313

Information technology adoption in SMEs: an integrated framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this research is to gain a clearer understanding of information technology (IT) adoption in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) by analysing and contrasting the current literature. Whilst describing how and why SMEs acquire IT, the paper also seeks to highlight the enablers as well as the inhibitors that influence the adoption process. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

ThuyUyen H. Nguyen

2009-01-01

314

OFFICE OF THE VICE PROVOST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

-2012 ITS Annual Report contains the latest on the technology, people, and initiatives that contributeOFFICE OF THE VICE PROVOST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Information Technology Services 2011 technology at Penn State. Information Technology Services (ITS), the University's centrally supported IT unit

Maroncelli, Mark

315

Neural processing of gravity information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this project was to use the linear acceleration capabilities of the NASA Vestibular Research Facility (VRF) at Ames Research Center to directly examine encoding of linear accelerations in the vestibular system of the cat. Most previous studies, including my own, have utilized tilt stimuli, which at very low frequencies (e.g., 'static tilt') can be considered a reasonably pure linear acceleration (e.g., 'down'); however, higher frequencies of tilt, necessary for understanding the dynamic processing of linear acceleration information, necessarily involves rotations which can stimulate the semicircular canals. The VRF, particularly the Long Linear Sled, has promise to provide controlled pure linear accelerations at a variety of stimulus frequencies, with no confounding angular motion.

Schor, Robert H.

1992-01-01

316

Quantum information processing in diamond  

E-print Network

Quantum computing is an attractive and multidisciplinary field, which became a focus for experimental and theoretical research during last decade. Among other systems, like ions in traps or superconducting circuits, solid-states based qubits are considered to be promising candidates for first experimental tests of quantum hardware. Here we report recent progress in quantum information processing with point defect in diamond. Qubits are defined as single spin states (electron or nuclear). This allows exploring long coherence time (up to seconds for nuclear spins at cryogenic temperatures). In addition, the optical transition between ground and excited electronic states allows coupling of spin degrees of freedom to the state of the electromagnetic field. Such coupling gives access to the spin state readout via spin-selective scattering of photon. This also allows using of spin state as robust memory for flying qubits (photons).

F. Jelezko; J. Wrachtrup

2005-10-19

317

Quantum information processing in diamond  

E-print Network

Quantum computing is an attractive and multidisciplinary field, which became a focus for experimental and theoretical research during last decade. Among other systems, like ions in traps or superconducting circuits, solid-states based qubits are considered to be promising candidates for first experimental tests of quantum hardware. Here we report recent progress in quantum information processing with point defect in diamond. Qubits are defined as single spin states (electron or nuclear). This allows exploring long coherence time (up to seconds for nuclear spins at cryogenic temperatures). In addition, the optical transition between ground and excited electronic states allows coupling of spin degrees of freedom to the state of the electromagnetic field. Such coupling gives access to the spin state readout via spin-selective scattering of photon. This also allows using of spin state as robust memory for flying qubits (photons).

Jelezko, F

2005-01-01

318

[New information technologies and health consumerism].  

PubMed

Concepts related to consumption have shifted to include social processes not previously covered by traditional categories. The current review analyzes the application of classical concepts of consumerism to practices recently identified in the health field, like the phenomenon of cyberchondria. The theoretical challenge relates to the difficulty in extrapolating from the economic perspectives of consumerism to self-care issues in the context of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Drawing on recent anthropological categories, the study seeks to understand the phenomenon of self-care commodification under the imperative of self-accountability for health. New consumer identities are described in light of the unprecedented issues concerning technical improvements currently altering the nature of self-care. The study concludes that health is consumed as vitality, broken down into commercial artifacts in the context of a new bioeconomy - no longer linked to the idea of emulation and possession, but to forms of self-perception and self-care in the face of multiple risks and new definitions of the human being. PMID:21229207

Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto; Castiel, Luis David; Bagrichevsky, Marcos; Griep, Rosane Harter

2010-08-01

319

Data Privacy, Emergency Response, Weather Prediction to Benefit from Information Technology Advances  

NSF Publications Database

... Benefit from Information Technology Advances NSF Information Technology Research program announces ... s information technology knowledge base and strengthening the information technology workforce, the ...

320

NUMBER: IT 1.06 SECTION: Information Technology  

E-print Network

1 NUMBER: IT 1.06 SECTION: Information Technology SUBJECT: Acceptable Use of Information Technology Authorized by: William F. Hogue Issued by: Office of Information Technology I. Policy All users of University information technology resources must adhere to applicable state and federal laws, statutes, and regulations

Morgan, Stephen L.

321

Organizational hierarchy adaptation and information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current debate on organization change is concerned increasingly with questioning the extent to which different organizational designs are effective. Consequently, many new forms of organizing have been proffered. In particular, new-form theorists acknowledge hierarchy but rarely test it in generating a variety of information technology- (IT) related change outcomes. This paper focuses on the robustness of hierarchy by tracing its

G. M. Schwarz

2002-01-01

322

Semantic technologies for Personal Information Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper proposes a platform for integration, reasoning and planning over the Personal Information Management data. It aims at simplifying day-to-day tasks by means of automating some of the steps related to planning activities depending on different data sources that need to be integrated. Usage of semantic technologies enables automatically providing suggestions by means of reasoning. We present the underlying

Luka Bradesko; Blaz Fortuna; Dunja Mladenic; Janez Starc

2011-01-01

323

Health information technology: help or hindrance?  

PubMed

The practice of medicine in general and nephrology in particular grows increasingly complex with each passing year. In parallel with this trend, the purchasers of health care are slowly shifting the reimbursement paradigm from one based on rewarding transactions, or work performed, to one that rewards value delivered. Within this context, the health-care value equation is broadly defined as quality divided by costs. Health information technology has been widely recognized as 1 of the foundations for delivering better care at lower costs. As the largest purchaser of health care in the world, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has deployed a series of interrelated programs designed to spur the adoption and utilization of health information technology. This review examines our known collective experience in the practice of nephrology to date with several of these programs and attempts to answer the following question: Is health information technology helping or hindering the delivery of value to the nation's health-care system? Through this review, it was concluded overall that the effect of health information technology appears positive; however, it cannot be objectively determined because of the infancy of its utilization in the practice of medicine. PMID:24969389

Ketchersid, Terry

2014-07-01

324

Culture and Cognition in Information Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at explaining the outcomes of information technology education for international students using anthropological theories of cultural schemas. Even though computer science and engineering are usually assumed to be culture-independent, the practice in classrooms seems to indicate that learning patterns depend on culture. The…

Holvikivi, Jaana

2007-01-01

325

Information Technology Services Support for Emergencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least the last quarter century, enterprises--including higher education institutions--have increasingly relied on Information Technology Services (ITS) for business functions. As a result, IT organizations have had to develop the discipline of production operations as well as recovery procedures to respond when those operations are…

Spicer, Donald Z.

2008-01-01

326

Governance Methods Used in Externalizing Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology (IT) is the largest capital expenditure in many firms and is an integral part of many organizations' strategies. However, the benefits that each company receives from its IT investments vary. One study by Weill (2004) found that the top performer in the sample was estimated to have as high as a 40% greater return on its…

Chan, Steven King-Lun

2012-01-01

327

Institutional Quality: Are Information Technology Resources Important?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two years after the issue of CAUSE/EDUCOM guidelines, only two of the six regional accrediting associations--the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools--make significant references to information technology resources as part of their standards/criteria for institutional accreditation. (MLW)

West, Thomas W.

1990-01-01

328

Salary Trends of Information Technology Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid job growth in the information technology (IT) field has created a supply and demand imbalance for highly skilled professionals. This shortage of IT workers exists in virtually every major business sector. Sectors that are most affected by this problem include the financial, retail, manufacturing, service, entertainment, and transportation industries. To cope with this problem, companies and organizations are offering

Kai S. Koong; Lai C. Liu

329

Kevin L. Mills Information Technology Laboratory  

E-print Network

for information technology standards. New Ideas · Use evolutionary algorithm to generate tests from test language coverage against reference implementation to evaluate tests. · Execute generated tests in parallel feasible coverage against selected ITL problem. Deliverables: · Final evolutionary test generator software

330

Campus Computer Store Information Technology Services  

E-print Network

Campus Computer Store Information Technology Services 20 Place Riel, 1 Campus Drive 966-8375 ccs Computer Store is administering a license for SAS. It is licensed on a yearly pro-rated basis as outlined: _____________________________________________________ Student Number (if applicable): _______________________________________________ Location of Computer

Saskatchewan, University of

331

Information Technology Services Page 1 of 2  

E-print Network

and Research Shared Areas Policy The act of reading, writing or modifying documents stored in any shared areaInformation Technology Services Page 1 of 2 ACCESS TO DATA AREAS POLICY 1 Introduction 1.1 Purpose. Shared data should be stored on the relevant shared data areas. IT Services will monitor the usage

332

Managing aviation safety through inspection information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses aircraft airworthiness management, which can now take place for the commercial air carrier fleet as a result of the FAA certification of intact aircraft nondestructive inspection (NDI) and information technologies systems that were originally developed for the Air Force. The merit of aircraft airworthiness management has proven extremely successful for the government fleet for more than a

W. E. Larsen; K. D. Cooksy; J. Zuk

2001-01-01

333

Managing aviation safety through information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft airworthiness management can now take place for the commercial aircarrier fleet as a result of the recent FAA certification of intact aircraft nondestructive inspection (NDI) and information technologies systems which were originally developed for the Air Force. The merit of aircraft airworthiness management has proven extremely successful for the government fleet for more than a decade. The inspection and

W. E. Larsen; K. D. Cooksy; J. Zuk

1999-01-01

334

Employment Equity Education Awards 2014 Information Technology  

E-print Network

Employment Equity Education Awards 2014 Information Technology Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries. For 2014, Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries is pleased to provide 1 award valued at $1,500. Award recipients may also be selected for an apprenticeship and/or summer employment at Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries. All

335

Information technology in the medical school curriculum.  

PubMed

Education up to the latter part of the 20th century used strict methods of instruction delivery, relying mostly on tried theories in cognition and social learning. Approaches in constructivism and collaborative learning affirm the success of existing methods of delivering curriculum, yet they also validate the use of information technology as a vehicle to improve student learning. PMID:22787924

Abras, Chadia N

2012-01-01

336

Harnessing Information Technology for International Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid developments in computer and telecommunications technology have allowed U.S. students unprecedented access to information about people, cultures, and events from around the world. In this article, the author argues that schools need to exploit the opportunity that this provides to further global understanding. Sections include: (1) Access to…

Roberts, Linda G.

2004-01-01

337

Leveraging Information Technology. Track VII: Outstanding Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track VII, Outstanding Applications, are presented. They include: "Image Databases in the University" (Reid Kaplan and Gordon Mathieson); "Using Information Technology for Travel Management at the University of Michigan" (Robert E. Russell and John C. Hufziger); "On-Line Access to University Policies…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

338

Information Technology Monopolies: Implications for Library Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores library-related implications of the U.S. Department of Justice's investigations into the operations of Microsoft and Intel and suggests that developing a broader understanding of information technology marketing is crucial to the short- and long-term future of libraries. (MES)

Mercado, Marina I.

1998-01-01

339

Traditional Information Technology Planning in Larger  

E-print Network

1 Traditional Information Technology Planning in Larger Organizations The Traditional Systems and Valacich, 1998. Modern Systems Analysis and Design, Chapter 7) #12;2 The Traditional Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) IT Project Identification & Selection The Traditional Systems Development Life Cycle

Schweik, Charles M.

340

University of Sydney School of Information Technologies  

E-print Network

1 University of Sydney School of Information Technologies Generating Random Variables Pseudo;2 Generating Arbitrarily Distributed Random Variables from Uniform Random Variables We need to be able to convert uniformly distributed [0,1) random variables into rv's drawn from the distributions we

Kimbrough, Steven Orla

341

DATE: NVLAP LAB CODE: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY TESTING  

E-print Network

DATE: NVLAP LAB CODE: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY TESTING TEST PROCEDURE SELECTION LIST the Application Supplement on the next pages. #12;DATE: NVLAP LAB CODE: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY TESTING Technology: Initial Set of Standards, Implementation Specifications, and Certification Criteria

342

A Voice Processing Technology for Rural Specific Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Durian the promotion and applications of rural information, different geographical dialect voice interaction is a very complex issue. Through in-depth analysis of TTS core technologies, this paper presents the methods of intelligent segmentation, word segmentation algorithm and intelligent voice thesaurus construction in the different dialects context. And then COM based development methodology for specific context voice processing system implementation and programming method. The method has a certain reference value for the rural dialect and voice processing applications.

He, Zhiyong; Zhang, Zhengguang; Zhao, Chunshen

343

Information Science and Technology: Celebrating the Future  

E-print Network

Laboratory investigates how social systems, such as markets, political processes, and organizations between molecular biology, medical research, and public health. Physicist David Goodstein (Vice Provost- ing, and exploiting information in and across the physical, biological, engineer- ing, and social

344

Modernization and new technologies: Coping with the information explosion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information has become a valuable and strategic resource in all societies and economies. Scientific and technical information is especially important in developing and maintaining a strong national science and technology base. The expanding use of information technology, the growth of interdisciplinary research, and an increase in international collaboration are changing characteristics of information. This modernization effort applies new technology to current processes to provide near-term benefits to the user. At the same time, we are developing a long-term modernization strategy designed to transition the program to a multimedia, global 'library without walls'. Notwithstanding this modernization program, it is recogized that no one information center can hope to collect all the relevant data. We see information and information systems changing and becoming more international in scope. We are finding that many nations are expending resources on national systems which duplicate each other. At the same time that this duplication exists, many useful sources of aerospace information are not being collected to cover expanded sources of information. This paper reviews the NASA modernization program and raises for consideration new possibilities for unification of the various aerospace database efforts toward a cooperative international aerospace database initiative, one that can optimize the cost/benefit equation for all participants.

Blados, Walter R.; Cotter, Gladys A.

1993-01-01

345

A study on information hiding technology in image encoding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information hiding is a new technology which integrates with theories and technologies of many academic and technical subjects. For information hiding, digital media are used as the carrier of the information to be hidden. The carrier conceals secret messages by covering the form of their existence. In this paper, we briefly introduce the definition, basic models and basic characters of information hiding. The application and research trends for information hiding system are concerned. The information hiding technology based on digital image processing is closely related to human vision system. When the messages are having been concealed, the human eyes are due to verify the existence of hiding messages. That is, the status of information coverage depends on the human vision system. It is obvious that the characteristics of human vision system is to be taken advantage. The added secrete information in the digital image should have no any effect onto human eyes. In our research work, an implementation of information hiding technology system which is based on digital image encoding is proposed. First by analyzing knowledge of digital image processing and the model of human vision system, we discussed the algorithm of time domain appending method and the algorithm of substitution of lease significant bit. Secondly, we analyzed theory and algorithms of 2-D discrete wavelet transform and frequency domain algorithm based on discrete wavelet transformation. Carefully design software for information hiding based on digital image using Microsoft Visual C++6.0 is implemented. The communication with hiding messages may use any format of images such as BMP. It is proved to be an effective application.

Li, Li; Yao, Zhihai; Wu, Haitao; Dai, Qiang

2005-02-01

346

Report of the Panel on Computer and Information Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircraft have become more and more dependent on computers (information processing) for improved performance and safety. It is clear that this activity will grow, since information processing technology has advanced by a factor of 10 every 5 years for the past 35 years and will continue to do so. Breakthroughs in device technology, from vacuum tubes through transistors to integrated circuits, contribute to this rapid pace. This progress is nearly matched by similar, though not as dramatic, advances in numerical software and algorithms. Progress has not been easy. Many technical and nontechnical challenges were surmounted. The outlook is for continued growth in capability but will require surmounting new challenges. The technology forecast presented in this report has been developed by extrapolating current trends and assessing the possibilities of several high-risk research topics. In the process, critical problem areas that require research and development emphasis have been identified. The outlook assumes a positive perspective; the projected capabilities are possible by the year 2000, and adequate resources will be made available to achieve them. Computer and information technology forecasts and the potential impacts of this technology on aeronautics are identified. Critical issues and technical challenges underlying the achievement of forecasted performance and benefits are addressed.

Lundstrom, Stephen F.; Larsen, Ronald L.

1984-01-01

347

NUMBER: IT 3.00 SECTION: Information Technology  

E-print Network

NUMBER: IT 3.00 SECTION: Information Technology SUBJECT: Information Security DATE: September 2: William F. Hogue Issued by: Office of Information Technology I. Policy The University of South Carolina data and information technology assets. The University Information Security Office is therefore

Almor, Amit

348

Information technologies and the information superhighway: Guest editor's introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special section is dedicated to five papers which were presented in the Fall of 1995 on the Internet in two research forums: ITFORUM1 and PSYGAME2. These papers represent how research involving information and instructional technologies can be facilitated using the Internet. A number of related themes are involved, including interactivity and learning effectiveness, automatic collection of data on human-computer

J. Michael Spector

1997-01-01

349

Location-Based Information Delivery Using Stream Processing Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in network and sensor device technologies enable us to easily obtain real-world information, such as locations of moving objects and environment information including brightness and temperature. These data are continuously supplied as they change over time, and they are regarded as data streams. The requirements for online processing of such data streams are increasing. In this demonstration, we

Shinichi Yamada; Yousuke Watanabe; Hiroyuki Kitagawa; Toshiyuki Amagasa

2006-01-01

350

Human information processing during physical exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to investigate how conditions of physical exercise affect human information processing. Sixteen subjects performed two information processing tasks (perception and decision) during two exercise conditions (endurance vs interval protocols) and during two control conditions (rest vs minimal load protocols). The control conditions required subjects either to perform the information processing tasks under resting conditions or while

FRED G. W. C. PAAS; JOS J. ADAM

1991-01-01

351

Bachelor of Arts in Information Sciences and Technology (ISTBA)  

E-print Network

: Information, People, and Technology From buying music online to posting photos on Facebook, you use technology, and technology intersect. We tackle questions like: How can technology help organizations adapt rapidly

Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia

352

Facilitating Stroke Management using Modern Information Technology  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose Information technology and mobile devices may be beneficial and useful in many aspects of stroke management, including recognition of stroke, transport and triage of patients, emergent stroke evaluation at the hospital, and rehabilitation. In this review, we address the contributions of information technology and mobile health to stroke management. Summary of Issues Rapid detection and triage are essential for effective thrombolytic treatment. Awareness of stroke warning signs and responses to stroke could be enhanced by using mobile applications. Furthermore, prehospital assessment and notification could be streamlined for use in telemedicine and teleradiology. A mobile telemedicine system for assessing the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores has shown higher correlation and fast assessment comparing with face-to-face method. Because the benefits of thrombolytic treatment are time-dependent, treatment should be initiated as quickly as possible. In-hospital communication between multidisciplinary team members can be enhanced using information technology. A computerized in-hospital alert system using computerized physician-order entry was shown to be effective in reducing the time intervals from hospital arrival to medical evaluations and thrombolytic treatment. Mobile devices can also be used as supplementary tools for neurologic examination and clinical decision-making. In post-stroke rehabilitation, virtual reality and telerehabilitation are helpful. Mobile applications might be useful for public awareness, lifestyle modification, and education/training of healthcare professionals. Conclusions Information technology and mobile health are useful tools for management of stroke patients from the acute period to rehabilitation. Further improvement of technology will change and enhance stroke prevention and treatment. PMID:24396807

Nam, Hyo Suk; Park, Eunjeong

2013-01-01

353

Progressing the health information management and information technology agenda.  

PubMed

Developments and policy direction at a national level may seem far removed from the day-to-day practice of health information management. But there are lots of examples of a national approach to many of the initiatives which we now accept as part of our daily work (e.g., casemix funding, ICD-10-AM, the National Health Information Model and the National Health Data Dictionary). Many of these can be attributed to Commonwealth and State and Territory Governments working collaboratively with expert committees to achieve change or establish a program of innovation. More recently, Australian Health Ministers have established the National Health Information Management Advisory Council (NHIMAC) to bring together private and public sector expertise to progress the health information management and information technology agenda nationally. PMID:10977164

1999-01-01

354

Using information technology strategically in home care.  

PubMed

As home healthcare agencies examine new and innovative ways to deliver quality care more efficiently, the historical role of information technology as a way to automate clerical tasks will be significantly broadened to facilitate the true value of technology to home care providers. More importantly, a reduction in time spent on paperwork will allow agency caregivers to spend more time with clients. This article looks beyond the boundaries of desktop computing and examines the costs and benefits of network computing to develop strategic advantages for home healthcare agencies. PMID:9052076

Benson, J A; Michelman, J E; Radjenovic, D

1996-12-01

355

Information processing in miniature brains  

PubMed Central

Since a comprehensive understanding of brain function and evolution in vertebrates is often hobbled by the sheer size of the nervous system, as well as ethical concerns, major research efforts have been made to understand the neural circuitry underpinning behaviour and cognition in invertebrates, and its costs and benefits under natural conditions. This special feature of Proceedings of the Royal Society B contains an idiosyncratic range of current research perspectives on neural underpinnings and adaptive benefits (and costs) of such diverse phenomena as spatial memory, colour vision, attention, spontaneous behaviour initiation, memory dynamics, relational rule learning and sleep, in a range of animals from marine invertebrates with exquisitely simple nervous systems to social insects forming societies with many thousands of individuals working together as a ‘superorganism’. This introduction provides context and history to tie the various approaches together, and concludes that there is an urgent need to understand the full neuron-to-neuron circuitry underlying various forms of information processing—not just to explore brain function comprehensively, but also to understand how (and how easily) cognitive capacities might evolve in the face of pertinent selection pressures. In the invertebrates, reaching these goals is becoming increasingly realistic. PMID:21227971

Chittka, L.; Skorupski, P.

2011-01-01

356

A Computer-Assisted Approach for Conducting Information Technology Applied Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing popularity of computer and network technologies has attracted researchers to investigate the strategies and the effects of information technology applied instructions. Previous research has not only demonstrated the benefits of applying information technologies to the learning process, but has also revealed the difficulty of applying…

Chu, Hui-Chun; Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Pei Jin; Yang, Tzu-Chi

2009-01-01

357

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use. PMID:20962121

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

358

Information Technology: Cost Considerations for School Library Media Specialists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the growing dependence on information technology and considers cost factors for school library media specialists. Highlights include emphasizing learning over technology; administrative, assistive, and academic applications; how schools are using information technology; and Web sites that address issues related to information technology

Barron, Daniel D.

2000-01-01

359

Information-Technology Based Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing countries emphasize expansion of the educated population but demand for quality improvement follows later. Current science education reform is driven in part by post cold war restructuring of the global economy and associated focus on the education of a more scientifically literate society, due to the industrial change from labor-intensive to high-technology type, and the societal change inherent in the present information era. Industry needs employees of broad and flexible background with inter disciplinary training, engineers with better physics training, and well trained physicists. Education researches have proved that active-learning based methods are superior to the traditional methods and the information technology (IT) has lot to offer in this. Use of IT for improving physics education is briefly discussed with prospects for collaboration in the Asia-Pacific region via Asian Physics Education Network (ASPEN), UNESCO University Foundation Course in Physics (UUFCP), etc.

Kim, J. S.; Lee, K. H.

2001-04-01

360

Information Technology Assessment Study: Executive Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an IT infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology and the findings and recommendations of OSS IT users and providers are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

361

Careers in Information and Security Technologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive activity produced for Teachers' Domain investigates three possible career paths in information and security technologies: administration, development, and integration. Explore each path to learn more about the education and experience required for particular jobs such as computer support specialist, network and systems administrator, computer security specialist, database administrator, computer technician, computer hardware engineer, computer software engineer, computer training specialist, computer systems analyst, and network engineer. The interactive is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions.

2012-05-23

362

Integrated Engineering Information Technology, FY93 accommplishments  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Engineering Information Technology (IEIT) project is providing a comprehensive, easy-to-use computer network solution or communicating with coworkers both inside and outside Sandia National Laboratories. IEIT capabilities include computer networking, electronic mail, mechanical design, and data management. These network-based tools have one fundamental purpose: to help create a concurrent engineering environment that will enable Sandia organizations to excel in today`s increasingly competitive business environment.

Harris, R.N.; Miller, D.K.; Neugebauer, G.L.; Orona, J.R.; Partridge, R.A.; Herman, J.D.

1994-03-01

363

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring ``global visualization`` onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua

1992-09-01

364

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring global visualization'' onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua.

1992-01-01

365

Advances in information technology. Implications for medical education.  

PubMed

Few kinds of technology have had as broad an impact on the recent affairs of humanity as have information technologies. The appearance and rapid spread in the past several years of innovations such as the Internet's World Wide Web and the emergence of computer networks connecting tens to hundreds of millions of people worldwide have occurred with startling rapidity. These global events portend substantial changes in the delivery of health care, the conduct of biomedical research, and the undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education of health professionals. This report will attempt to succinctly review the following: (1) the characteristics of modern information technologies and recent trends that are most relevant to medical education and to the world in which future practitioners, researchers, and educators will live and work; (2) the implications of these technologies for the development of educational goals (in other words, the specific information technology skills that future health professionals will need); (3) the issues associated with the use of these technologies in the process of education; and (4) implications for near-term action by University of California medical schools and academic medical centers. PMID:9614791

Masys, D R

1998-05-01

366

Business Value of Information Sharing and the Role of Emerging Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Technology has brought significant benefits to organizations by allowing greater information sharing within and across firm boundaries leading to performance improvements. Emerging technologies such as Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Web2.0 have transformed the volume and process of information sharing. However, a comprehensive…

Kumar, Sanjeev

2009-01-01

367

The Integration of Information and Communication Technology into Classroom Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Newfoundland study examining how information technologies affect teaching interviewed 13 teachers at a leading high school in the use of information technology. Teachers used information technology to interact on a global basis, expand resources, enhance local content, and customize material. Problems included need for training, information

Reid, Scott

2002-01-01

368

Information processing with molecules--Quo vadis?  

PubMed

Information processing at the molecular level is coming of age. Since the first molecular AND gate was proposed about 20 years ago, the molecular interpretation of binary logic has become vastly more sophisticated and complex. However, the field is also at a crossroads. While cleverly designed molecular building blocks are abundant, difficult questions remain. How can molecular components be flexibly assembled into larger circuits, and how can these components communicate with one another. The concept of all-photonic switching with photochromic supermolecules has shown some interesting potential and is discussed in this review. Although the field of molecular logic was originally discussed mainly in terms of a technology that might compete with solid-state computers, potential applications have expanded to include clever molecular systems and materials for drug delivery, sensing, probing, encoding, and diagnostics. These upcoming trends, which are herein illustrated by selected examples, deserve general attention. PMID:22689469

Pischel, Uwe; Andréasson, Joakim; Gust, Devens; Pais, Vânia F

2013-01-14

369

A Device for Logic Information Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two essential components of the information-logic problem are: (1) choosing some known part of the total information block for parallel review of the entire block and (2) parallel logic processing of a sequence of codes. The described device fulfills these essential components thereby improving information processing and increasing the speed of…

Levinskiy, L. S.; Vissonova, I. A.

370

On-line Technology Information System (OTIS): Solid Waste Management Technology Information Form (SWM TIF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contents include the following: What is OTIS? OTIS use. Proposed implementation method. Development history of the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Technology Information Form (TIF) and OTIS. Current development state of the SWM TIF and OTIS. Data collection approach. Information categories. Critiques/questions/feedback.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriguez, Luis

2003-01-01

371

Introduction David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 1  

E-print Network

/13 Discussion 1. Are we too dependent on technology? 2. Can we keep our privacy? 3. How freely can we shareIntroduction David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 David Keil Information Technology and Society 3/13 1 David M. Keil, Framingham State University CSCI 135 Information Technology and Society

Keil, David M.

372

Summary David Keil Information Technology and Society 11/12 David Keil Information Technology and Society 11/12 1  

E-print Network

accelerates the rate of change in computing and in society #12;Summary David Keil Information Technology and Society 11/12 How does technological change affect people as members of society? David Keil Information technology, acting on itself, accelerate the rate of social change? David Keil Information Technology

Keil, David M.

373

Information Communication Technology and Politics: A Synthesized Analysis of the Impacts of Information Technology on Voter Participation in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The availability of political information throughout society made possible by the evolution of contemporary information communication technology has precipitated conflicting debate regarding the effects of technology use on real life political participation. Proponents of technology argue that the use of new information technology stimulates…

Tsuma, Clive Katiba

2011-01-01

374

Parallel Processing and Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue contains nine articles that provide an overview of trends and research in parallel information retrieval. Topics discussed include network design for text searching; the Connection Machine System; PThomas, an adaptive information retrieval system on the Connection Machine; algorithms for document clustering; and system architecture for…

Rasmussen, Edie M.; And Others

1991-01-01

375

Arctic Science and Technology Information System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of North America, the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database "contains over 46,000 records describing publications and research projects about northern Canada." This service, which has recently been made free with help from the Canadian Polar Commission, covers all of the major branches of science. The simple and advanced search features lead to citations of Canadian government and industry reports, journal articles, conference papers, theses, and books, from 1978 to present. Citations contain bibliographic information, an abstract, detailed subject and geographic terms, and a library symbol to aid in locating a publication. The database also holds close to 11,000 descriptions of research projects conducted in Canada's three northern territories (Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut) since 1974. Information about obtaining publications is provided at the search page.

376

Technological Design as an Evolutionary Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of technical artifacts is often seen as radically different from the evolution of biological species. Technical\\u000a artifacts are normally understood to result from the purposive intelligence of designers whereas biological species and organisms\\u000a are held to have resulted from evolution by natural selection. But could it be that technology, too, is really the outcome\\u000a of evolutionary processes rather

Philip Brey

377

Curriculum strategies to improve baccalaureate nursing information technology outcomes.  

PubMed

Improving information technology (IT) outcomes is a top nursing education priority. Improving care access, quality, and cost effectiveness, IT skills are vital for professional development and advancement. Nursing programs have embraced distance learning and added informatics content, courses, and specific technologies; however, undergraduates' and educators' skills are still considered inadequate. Meanwhile, the Nursing Informatics specialty has moved beyond IT competency articulation and measurement. It is promoting information literacy to support evidence-based practice and the cultivation of clinical wisdom. The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative, a coalition aiming to advance IT outcomes in nursing education, has cited benchmarking and sharing best practices as key to achieving its goals. Thus, this article reports on the process, results, and implications of a project using curriculum strategies to enhance IT outcomes. A 3-year action plan directed faculty, student, and agency evaluation, curriculum mapping, model learning module, and documentation development. PMID:19260399

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-02-01

378

Tank waste processing and disposal technology development data summary  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy`s Waste Management and Technology Development Programs are engaged in a number of projects to develop, demonstrate, test, and evaluate new technologies to support the clean-up and site remediation of more than 300 underground storage tanks containing over 381,000 cubic meters (100 million gallons) of radioactive mixed waste. Significant development is needed within primary processing functions and in determining an overall bounding strategy. This document is a first attempt to summarize the overall strategy and show technology development activities within the strategy. It is intended to serve as an information resource to support understanding, decision making and integration of multiple program technology development activities. Recipients are encouraged to provide comments and input to the authors for incorporation in future revisions.

Cruse, J.M. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); McGinnis, C.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-01-01

379

Scaling the Information Processing Demands of Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to provide additional validity evidence for a model of person-environment fit based on polychronicity, stimulus load, and information processing capacities. In this line of research the confluence of polychronicity and information processing (e.g., the ability of individuals to process stimuli from the environment…

Haase, Richard F.; Jome, LaRae M.; Ferreira, Joaquim Armando; Santos, Eduardo J. R.; Connacher, Christopher C.; Sendrowitz, Kerrin

2011-01-01

380

Basics of Information Processing Don H. Johnson  

E-print Network

the basics of probability theory, statistical signal processing and information theory, and how from point-process applications. #12;Johnson Basics of Information Processing 1 Probability theory of a discrete random variable is the Poisson, which is characterized by the probability function PX(x) = ( T

381

XVth International Conference on Information Processing in  

E-print Network

MEETINGS 1997 International Meeting on Fully 3D Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear MedicineXVth International Conference on Information Processing in Medical Imaging First Announcement INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT: Professor James S. Duncan Department of Diagnostic Radiology Yale University

Duncan, James S.

382

An On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology selection for integrated testing. OTIS will provide a formalized, well-organized protocol to communicate thorough, accurate, current and relevant technology information between the hands-on technology developer and the ALS Community. The need for this type of information transfer system within the Solid Waste Management (SWM) element was recently identified and addressed. A SWM Technology Information Form (TIF) was developed specifically for collecting detailed technology information in the area of SWM. In the TIF, information is requested from SWM technology developers, based upon the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Basic information is requested for low-TRL technologies, and more detailed information is requested as the TRL of the technology increases. A comparable form is also being developed for the wastewater processing element. In the future, similar forms will also be developed for the ALS elements of air revitalization, food processing, biomass production and thermal control. These ALS element-specific forms will be implemented in OTIS via a web-accessible interface,with the data stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQLTM) located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed research and development investment, thereby promoting technology through the TRL scale. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of programmatic needs.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

383

Michigan State University Health Information Technology  

E-print Network

Site, you may be asked for a credit card number. Unless otherwise noted on the Site, credit card transactions are encrypted and the server that processes #12;your credit card information is secure system. This Site complies with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. Updating Personal

384

Advanced technology program: information infrastructure for healthcare focused program.  

PubMed

This paper describes an initiative begun by the Advanced Technology Program in 1994 referred to as the Information Infrastructure for Healthcare (IIH) focused program. The IIH focus program began with an initial exchange of ideas among members of the private and public sectors (industry's submission of "white papers"; workshops conducted by the ATP; meetings held between individuals from both groups) to identify those technologies necessary for the development of a national information infrastructure in healthcare. A discussion of the development of the focus program through a "white paper" process notes differences that existed between what the ATP had hoped to gain through this method and how the private sector responded. A statistical description of the participants as well as a brief discussion of the ATP review and selection process is included. PMID:12026123

Spivack, Richard N

2002-01-01

385

Advanced Technology Composite Fuselage - Materials and Processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of Boeing's Advanced Technology Composite Aircraft Structures (ATCAS) program was to develop the technology required for cost and weight efficient use of composite materials in transport fuselage structure. This contractor report describes results of material and process selection, development, and characterization activities. Carbon fiber reinforced epoxy was chosen for fuselage skins and stiffening elements and for passenger and cargo floor structures. The automated fiber placement (AFP) process was selected for fabrication of monolithic and sandwich skin panels. Circumferential frames and window frames were braided and resin transfer molded (RTM'd). Pultrusion was selected for fabrication of floor beams and constant section stiffening elements. Drape forming was chosen for stringers and other stiffening elements. Significant development efforts were expended on the AFP, braiding, and RTM processes. Sandwich core materials and core edge close-out design concepts were evaluated. Autoclave cure processes were developed for stiffened skin and sandwich structures. The stiffness, strength, notch sensitivity, and bearing/bypass properties of fiber-placed skin materials and braided/RTM'd circumferential frame materials were characterized. The strength and durability of cocured and cobonded joints were evaluated. Impact damage resistance of stiffened skin and sandwich structures typical of fuselage panels was investigated. Fluid penetration and migration mechanisms for sandwich panels were studied.

Scholz, D. B.; Dost, E. F.; Flynn, B. W.; Ilcewicz, L. B.; Nelson, K. M.; Sawicki, A. J.; Walker, T. H.; Lakes, R. S.

1997-01-01

386

Survey on electron beam processing technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The developing situation is studied of electron beam processing technologies and the future problems are shown when these are utilized for electric power utilities. When an electron beam is used as a heating source by focussing, the electron beam has features of high focusability, high controllability and high energy density, so that the electron beam is used for parts requiring high quality processing from micro machining, case hardening, and welding to melting furnaces of metals of high melting point. Presently is necessary to hold ultra high voltage for acceleration and high vacuum because of lower current. Since the processing capability with high energy density is high and the energy consumption efficiency is also high for the chemical field using the high energy density of the electron beam, the application are researched in the field from sterilization of medical instruments, sterilization of sludge, through food processing, improvement of thermal resistance of insulated wires to flue gas irradiation to desulfurize and denitrify. But a practical use is not yet realized because of small current of electron beam. Therefore, the largest technological problem may be the development of high current electron gun and the beam control systems.

Yasui, S.; Sunabe, K.; Inaba, T.

1990-06-01

387

The Information Technology Career Cluster Initiative: Demystifying IT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Information Technology Career Cluster Initiative and the tools it has developed to help educators improve information technology programs. Suggests that educators use the model and tools to guide program development, improvement, and expansion. (JOW)

Malyn-Smith, Joyce

2003-01-01

388

A preliminary study of current multimedia information technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper surveys more than 70 articles published in the IEEE Multimedia journal and other journals. The survey summarizes aspects of multimedia information technology and categorizes application areas of multimedia information technology and interesting research areas related to it.

Lee, J.C.

1997-03-01

389

Information Technology and Organizational Design: Evidence from Micro Data  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Organizational Design: Evidence from Micro Data October, 1998 Erik of Pennsylvania lhitt@wharton.upenn.edu While many theories about the relationship between information technology Research, the Center for Survey Research, Computer Intelligence Infocorp and Informationweek magazine

390

Information Technology Training in India toward Globalization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes Toshiba?s training program in Information Technology in India. It is not a simple technology training, but a training for globalization of Japanese engineers so that they can cope with people from different culture and business practices. We first describe why such training program became necessary. We then describe how the training courses and contents are developed. The operation of the training program and our effort in continual improvement are explained. The effectiveness of the program is also evaluated. The training program presented is a first in its kind and we believe that it can contribute to changing Toshiba from inside toward more globalized corporation. We also believe that this kind of overseas training is effective in training young students so that they can cope with globalizing society after graduation.

Yamashita, Katsuhiko

391

New Information Technology in the Irish School System: A Summary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past twenty years have marked a period of rapid expansion and change in the Irish education system, one that included\\u000a a period of curriculum renewal and change. During that time, the educational use of new information technologies took place\\u000a primarily as a bottom-up process in which teachers who were enthusiastic about using computers in the primary and second-level\\u000a schools

PETER J. MCKENNA

392

Natural language processing-based COTS software and related technologies survey.  

SciTech Connect

Natural language processing-based knowledge management software, traditionally developed for security organizations, is now becoming commercially available. An informal survey was conducted to discover and examine current NLP and related technologies and potential applications for information retrieval, information extraction, summarization, categorization, terminology management, link analysis, and visualization for possible implementation at Sandia National Laboratories. This report documents our current understanding of the technologies, lists software vendors and their products, and identifies potential applications of these technologies.

Stickland, Michael G.; Conrad, Gregory N.; Eaton, Shelley M.

2003-09-01

393

Transforming Care Delivery through Health Information Technology  

PubMed Central

The slow but progressive adoption of health information technology (IT) nationwide promises to usher in a new era in health care. Electronic health record systems provide a complete patient record at the point of care and can help to alleviate some of the challenges of a fragmented delivery system, such as drug-drug interactions. Moreover, health IT promotes evidence-based practice by identifying gaps in recommended treatment and providing clinical decision-support tools. In addition, the data collected through digital records can be used to monitor patient outcomes and identify potential improvements in care protocols. Kaiser Permanente continues to advance its capability in each of these areas. PMID:23596377

Wheatley, Benjamin

2013-01-01

394

Thermodynamics for separation-process technology  

SciTech Connect

When contemplating or designing a separation process, every chemical engineer at once recognizes the thermodynamic boundary conditions that must be satisfied: when a mixture is continuously processed to yield at least partially purified products, energy and mass must be conserved and work must be done. In his daily tasks, a chemical engineer uses thermodynamic concepts as tacit, almost subconscious, knowledge. Thus, qualitative thermodynamics significantly informs process conception at its most fundamental level. However, quantitative design requires detailed knowledge of thermodynamic relations and physical chemistry. Most process engineers, concerned with flow sheets and economics, cannot easily command that detailed knowledge and therefore it is advantageous for them to maintain close contact with those specialists who do. Quantitative chemical thermodynamics provides an opportunity to evaluate possible separation processes not only because it may give support to the process engineer`s bold imagination but also because, when coupled with molecular models, it can significantly reduce the experimental effort required to determine an optimum choice of process alternatives. Six examples are presented to indicate the application of thermodynamics for conventional and possible future separation processes.

Prausnitz, J.M.

1995-10-01

395

Automatically updating technology dependent information in design automation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-aided design (CAD) tools throughout a design automation (DA) system, from low level physical design to high level resource allocation and scheduling tools, require information about the fabrication technology in order to make design decisions. Technology dependent information is maintained in technology files. As fabrication technologies evolve, these files must be updated to reflect the capabilities of the current fabrication

G. Cheng; A. M. Despain; J. Wawrzynek

1993-01-01

396

Improving modern cancer care through information technology.  

PubMed

The cancer care system is increasingly complex, marked by multiple hand-offs between primary care and specialty providers, inadequate communication among providers, and lack of clarity about a "medical home" (the ideal accountable care provider) for cancer patients. Patients and families often cite such difficulties as information deficits, uncoordinated care, and insufficient psychosocial support. This article presents a review of the challenges of delivering well coordinated, patient-centered cancer care in a complex modern healthcare system. An examination is made of the potential role of information technology (IT) advances to help both providers and patients. Using the published literature as background, a review is provided of selected work that is underway to improve communication, coordination, and quality of care. Also discussed are additional challenges and opportunities to advancing understanding of how patient data, provider and patient involvement, and informatics innovations can support high-quality cancer care. PMID:21521595

Clauser, Steven B; Wagner, Edward H; Aiello Bowles, Erin J; Tuzzio, Leah; Greene, Sarah M

2011-05-01

397

[Information and communication technologies in nursing].  

PubMed

The application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in nursing is an integral part of the educational curriculum at the university graduate level of nursing, but also part of scientific and professional meetings on nursing informatics. As part of seminars, students are obliged to choose e-health topics from their working environment, to show them and discuss with colleagues. The same is happening at meeting on nursing informatics. Selected papers on the issue are chosen to cover information literacy of nurses, examples of e-nursing, ICT infrastructure, the possible future developments and organizational aspects of e-health at healthcare institutions. Among others, special attention is paid to improving the quality of work in nursing. PMID:24979889

Kern, Josipa

2014-03-01

398

Democratic Citizenship and Information Technology: Promises, Challenges, and Remedies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the relationship between democratic citizenship and information technology. Modern information technology disputes the idea that citizens can be properly educated to assume the burdens necessary to reap the blessing of freedom. Information technologies challenge the ability of citizens to fulfill the fundamental requirement of…

White, Charles S.

399

Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature  

E-print Network

Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature Erik Brynjolfsson Shinkyu Yang for numerous valuable comments. #12;Information Technology and Productivity: A Review of the Literature Erik Brynjolfsson Shinkyu Yang Abstract During the 1980s, the relationship between information technology (IT

400

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

401

NC State Office of Information Technology PURCHASE REQUEST FORM  

E-print Network

NC State Office of Information Technology PURCHASE REQUEST FORM Voucher #: Req #: PO#: Other: SHIP North Carolina State University Office of Information Technology Office of Information Technology Campus Imagenation Systems Quote # Fax #: Dated Ordered Company Contact: Gary Phone#: 919-876-6833 Item Number

Liu, Paul

402

UNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NETWORK ACCESS COMPLIANCE POLICY  

E-print Network

Information Technology Date Date REVISION DATE: NA STATEMENT OF PURPOSE The purpose of this policy is toUNLV OFFICE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY NETWORK ACCESS COMPLIANCE POLICY RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATOR: RESPONSIBLE OFFICE(S): ORIGINALLY IsSUED: APPROVALS: VICE PROVOST FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OFFICE

Hemmers, Oliver

403

Information Processing by Pigeons (Columba livia): Incentive as Information  

E-print Network

Information Processing by Pigeons (Columba livia): Incentive as Information Charles P. Shimp, a form of incentive, on pigeons' (Columba livia) reaction time to respond to a target spatial location of reinforcement, implying that pigeons processed incentive at a constant rate. Experiment 2 showed that the Hick

Herbranson, Wally

404

Distributive Distillation Enabled by Microchannel Process Technology  

SciTech Connect

The application of microchannel technology for distributive distillation was studied to achieve the Grand Challenge goals of 25% energy savings and 10% return on investment. In Task 1, a detailed study was conducted and two distillation systems were identified that would meet the Grand Challenge goals if the microchannel distillation technology was used. Material and heat balance calculations were performed to develop process flow sheet designs for the two distillation systems in Task 2. The process designs were focused on two methods of integrating the microchannel technology â?? 1) Integrating microchannel distillation to an existing conventional column, 2) Microchannel distillation for new plants. A design concept for a modular microchannel distillation unit was developed in Task 3. In Task 4, Ultrasonic Additive Machining (UAM) was evaluated as a manufacturing method for microchannel distillation units. However, it was found that a significant development work would be required to develop process parameters to use UAM for commercial distillation manufacturing. Two alternate manufacturing methods were explored. Both manufacturing approaches were experimentally tested to confirm their validity. The conceptual design of the microchannel distillation unit (Task 3) was combined with the manufacturing methods developed in Task 4 and flowsheet designs in Task 2 to estimate the cost of the microchannel distillation unit and this was compared to a conventional distillation column. The best results were for a methanol-water separation unit for the use in a biodiesel facility. For this application microchannel distillation was found to be more cost effective than conventional system and capable of meeting the DOE Grand Challenge performance requirements.

Arora, Ravi

2013-01-22

405

Potential of information technology in dental education.  

PubMed

The use of information technology (IT) in dentistry is far ranging. In order to produce a working document for the dental educator, this paper focuses on those methods where IT can assist in the education and competence development of dental students and dentists (e.g. e-learning, distance learning, simulations and computer-based assessment). Web pages and other information-gathering devices have become an essential part of our daily life, as they provide extensive information on all aspects of our society. This is mirrored in dental education where there are many different tools available, as listed in this report. IT offers added value to traditional teaching methods and examples are provided. In spite of the continuing debate on the learning effectiveness of e-learning applications, students request such approaches as an adjunct to the traditional delivery of learning materials. Faculty require support to enable them to effectively use the technology to the benefit of their students. This support should be provided by the institution and it is suggested that, where possible, institutions should appoint an e-learning champion with good interpersonal skills to support and encourage faculty change. From a global prospective, all students and faculty should have access to e-learning tools. This report encourages open access to e-learning material, platforms and programs. The quality of such learning materials must have well defined learning objectives and involve peer review to ensure content validity, accuracy, currency, the use of evidence-based data and the use of best practices. To ensure that the developers' intellectual rights are protected, the original content needs to be secure from unauthorized changes. Strategies and recommendations on how to improve the quality of e-learning are outlined. In the area of assessment, traditional examination schemes can be enriched by IT, whilst the Internet can provide many innovative approaches. Future trends in IT will evolve around improved uptake and access facilitated by the technology (hardware and software). The use of Web 2.0 shows considerable promise and this may have implications on a global level. For example, the one-laptop-per-child project is the best example of what Web 2.0 can do: minimal use of hardware to maximize use of the Internet structure. In essence, simple technology can overcome many of the barriers to learning. IT will always remain exciting, as it is always changing and the users, whether dental students, educators or patients are like chameleons adapting to the ever-changing landscape. PMID:18289271

Mattheos, N; Stefanovic, N; Apse, P; Attstrom, R; Buchanan, J; Brown, P; Camilleri, A; Care, R; Fabrikant, E; Gundersen, S; Honkala, S; Johnson, L; Jonas, I; Kavadella, A; Moreira, J; Peroz, I; Perryer, D G; Seemann, R; Tansy, M; Thomas, H F; Tsuruta, J; Uribe, S; Urtane, I; Walsh, T F; Zimmerman, J; Walmsley, A D

2008-02-01

406

General Information Processing System: (GIPSY). Application Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application description is directed to those desiring to acquaint themselves with the characteristics of the General Information Processing System (GIPSY). It provides guidelines and aids for the preparation and use of the system, and covers such areas as: (1) Information Collection and Creation, (2) Information Retrieval, (3) Maintenance…

Addison, Charles H.; And Others

407

Preference Change and Information Processing Fenrong Liu  

E-print Network

Preference Change and Information Processing Fenrong Liu June 15, 2006 1 Introduction Incoming information not only changes our knowledge but also our preferences. Decisions are made ac- cording the ways new information affects our evaluations to see how this results in a preference change

Amsterdam, University of

408

The Role of Change Agents in Technology Adoption Process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although the total or partial failure of Information Technology (IT) projects are well documented such failures are not entirely technical in nature (Donohue et al, 2001). Project failures are often caused by lack of attention to social factors. (2002) identified ethical issues whilst (1999) and (2002) point to human factors, which in essence are the norms and culture of the implementation environment. On the. influence of culture on project success, (2003) noted that, the cultural problems are much bigger than the technical ones, adding: "The biggest hurdle is making people realise that information needs to be shared. It is only with this ethos of sharing information that take-up of technologies will be hastened." Consequently, research and debate about IT implementation is likely to continue until the development process is under better control (Nolan 1999). This state of constant evaluation is crucial because aborted IT projects are still common place. According to (1998), 31% of all corporate technology development projects resulted in cancellation. Although in broad terms, there seems to be ample evidence of the influence of non-technical factors on project failure the dynamics of how this happens is not widely discussed. There are some pointers to the dynamics of the process in literature.

Gyampoh-Vidogah, Regina; Moreton, Robert

409

Particle Statistics in Quantum Information Processing  

E-print Network

Particle statistics is a fundamental part of quantum physics, and yet its role and use in the context of quantum information have been poorly explored so far. After briefly introducing particle statistics and the Symmetrization Postulate, I will argue that this fundamental aspect of Nature can be seen as a resource for quantum information processing and I will present examples showing how it is possible to do useful and efficient quantum information processing using only the effects of particles statistics.

Y. Omar

2004-12-29

410

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS (MIS) In a technology bound society, companies rely on  

E-print Network

5/2013 MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS (MIS) In a technology bound society, companies rely on management information systems (MIS) to provide data to make business decisions. Management information function efficiently. Managers use management information systems to gather and process large amounts

411

Innovation Value of Information Technology: Impact of Information Technology--Intensity on Innovation Capability and Firm Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though information technology adoptions have been always referred to as innovations in firms, much of the business value literature has concentrated on the tangible and immediately measurable impacts of information technology (IT) adoptions. This study aims to explore the impact of information technology investments on the innovativeness of a…

Ramamani, Mahesh Kumar

2010-01-01

412

Ethics of IT professionals David Keil Information Technology and Society 1/08 Information Technology and Society  

E-print Network

David Keil Information Technology and Society 1/08 Ethical considerations for software developersEthics of IT professionals David Keil Information Technology and Society 1/08 Information Technology and Society Topic 7: Ethi f ITEthics of IT professionals 1. Professional ethics David Keil

Keil, David M.

413

Standards Advisor-Advanced Information Technology for Advanced Information Delivery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Developers of space systems must deal with an increasing amount of information in responding to extensive requirements and standards from numerous sources. Accessing these requirements and standards, understanding them, comparing them, negotiating them and responding to them is often an overwhelming task. There are resources to aid the space systems developer, such as lessons learned and best practices. Again, though, accessing, understanding, and using this information is often more difficult than helpful. This results in space systems that: 1. Do not meet all their requirements. 2. Do not incorporate prior engineering experience. 3. Cost more to develop. 4. Take longer to develop. The NASA Technical Standards Program (NTSP) web site at http://standards.nasa.gov has made significant improvements in making standards, lessons learned, and related material available to space systems developers agency-wide. The Standards Advisor was conceived to take the next steps beyond the current product, continuing to apply evolving information technology that continues to improve information delivery to space systems developers. This report describes the features of the Standards Advisor and suggests a technical approach to its development.

Hawker, J. Scott

2003-01-01

414

Information Science and Technology at the National Science Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the scope of research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Division of Information Science and Technology. Five program areas are discussed: standards and measures, the structure of information, behavioral aspects of information transfer, infometrics, and information technology. Funding levels and an NSF proposal guide are…

Resnikoff, Howard L.

1980-01-01

415

Visual information processing and intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures of inspection time (IT) have robust, moderately-sized correlations with IQ-type test scores. However, the reason for the IT-IQ correlation is not understood. Although the original theory asserted that IT performance was based on a single parameter—essentially speed of visual processing—peculiarities of the task have afforded other interpretations of IT differences and the IT-IQ association. In the present report two

Jonathan Bradshaw

1997-01-01

416

Technology and future ground processing systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Land-observing satellites with multiple thematic mappers will produce data at rates of 100 to 300 Mbps. When coupled with a high daily scene production rate, these rates will require new approaches to ground processing. Consideration is given here to future downlink rates and data volumes, and requirements peculiar to the future user community are discussed. The advanced technologies required to attain an operational system in the years 1985-1990 are considered, together with advances foreseen in communications, mass storage, bulk memories, and data processing. Using advanced devices, a centralized data processing system capable of handling the 100 Mbps data rate is described. New approaches, among them a parallel pipelined calibration front-end, real-time browse image production, a high bandwidth optical disk archive, regional image broadcast and massively parallel product production, are considered. A distributed system capable of handling the 300 Mbps data rate is then described. Designs for a hub system and a regional processing center are presented.

Wood, B. J.; Ruggles, K. W.

1981-01-01

417

75 FR 39044 - Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training Administration [TA-W-72,286] Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...April 29, 2010, applicable to workers of Unisys Corporation, Technology Business...

2010-07-07

418

Technology and informal education: what is taught, what is learned.  

PubMed

The informal learning environments of television, video games, and the Internet are producing learners with a new profile of cognitive skills. This profile features widespread and sophisticated development of visual-spatial skills, such as iconic representation and spatial visualization. A pressing social problem is the prevalence of violent video games, leading to desensitization, aggressive behavior, and gender inequity in opportunities to develop visual-spatial skills. Formal education must adapt to these changes, taking advantage of new strengths in visual-spatial intelligence and compensating for new weaknesses in higher-order cognitive processes: abstract vocabulary, mindfulness, reflection, inductive problem solving, critical thinking, and imagination. These develop through the use of an older technology, reading, which, along with audio media such as radio, also stimulates imagination. Informal education therefore requires a balanced media diet using each technology's specific strengths in order to develop a complete profile of cognitive skills. PMID:19119220

Greenfield, Patricia M

2009-01-01

419

Using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to the Maximum: Learning and Teaching Biology with Limited Digital Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The ubiquity, availability and exponential growth of digital information and communication technology (ICT) creates unique opportunities for learning and teaching in the senior secondary school biology curriculum. Digital technologies make it possible for emerging disciplinary knowledge and understanding of biological processes

Van Rooy, Wilhelmina S.

2012-01-01

420

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AT PRINCETON IN THE 21ST CENTURY: A STRATEGIC DIRECTION  

E-print Network

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AT PRINCETON IN THE 21ST CENTURY: A STRATEGIC DIRECTION FINDINGS Princeton must consolidate and strengthen its engagement with information technology. This is the principal message that emerges from a strategic planning process that has included reviews of emerging IT trends

421

Teaching Literacy Using Information Technology: A Collection of Articles from the Australian Literacy Educators' Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book offers practical information for classroom teachers and teacher educators on effectively incorporating computer technology in the classroom. The book focuses on the change associated with the growing presence in educational institutions of the new communication and information processing technologies, which is most significant for…

Hancock, Joelie, Ed.

422

A Framework for the Utilization of Information Technology in Higher Education Admission Department  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Through an examination of the admission department at Miami University of Ohio and their use of information technology, a generalized framework for the use of information technology in university admissions is proposed. Design/methodology/approach: The paper was developed to start an introduction to the admission process and the role of…

McClea, Michael; Yen, David C.

2005-01-01

423

Using CASE to Exploit Process Modeling in Technology Transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A successful business will be one that has processes in place to run that business. Creating processes, reengineering processes, and continually improving processes can be accomplished through extensive modeling. Casewise(R) Corporate Modeler(TM) CASE is a computer aided software engineering tool that will enable the Technology Transfer Department (TT) at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to capture these abilities. After successful implementation of CASE, it could then go on to be applied in other departments at MSFC and other centers at NASA. The success of a business process is dependent upon the players working as a team and continuously improving the process. A good process fosters customer satisfaction as well as internal satisfaction in the organizational infrastructure. CASE provides a method for business process success through functions consisting of systems and processes business models; specialized diagrams; matrix management; simulation; report generation and publishing; and, linking, importing, and exporting documents and files. The software has an underlying repository or database to support these functions. The Casewise. manual informs us that dynamics modeling is a technique used in business design and analysis. Feedback is used as a tool for the end users and generates different ways of dealing with the process. Feedback on this project resulted from collection of issues through a systems analyst interface approach of interviews with process coordinators and Technical Points of Contact (TPOCs).

Renz-Olar, Cheryl

2003-01-01

424

Erscheint in: Huysman, M., Wulf, V. (eds.) 2004: Social Capital and Information Technology, MIT Press, Cambridge.  

E-print Network

Erscheint in: Huysman, M., Wulf, V. (eds.) 2004: Social Capital and Information Technology, MIT referring to a process model of Integrated Organization and Technology Development (OTD). Training measures and efforts of socio-organizational and technological developments are analyzed. Furthermore, mechanisms

425

New Information-Communication Technologies in Scientific Communication: Implications for Third-World Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the transfer process in the context of Third World needs and endeavours and suggests that modern information?communication technologies are not different from any other new technology in the economic order. The issue is equitable technical collaboration. In order to avoid past mistakes, it is necessary to consider technical change in the social context. New technologies can then

Kieran P. Broadbent

1990-01-01

426

The Information Processing Consequences of Receiver Apprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses receiver apprehension, an information processing syndrome, in the context of counterattitudinal advocacy. Receiver apprehension was conceptualized as a trait anxiety associated with misinterpreting, inadequately processing, and/or being unable to adjust to incoming messages. This processing anxiety suggested cognitive rigidity…

Preiss, Raymond W.; Rindo, John

427

Mapping individual logical processes in information searching  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interactive dialog with a computerized information collection was recorded and plotted in the form of a flow chart. The process permits one to identify the logical processes employed in considerable detail and is therefore suggested as a tool for measuring individual thought processes in a variety of situations. A sample of an actual test case is given.

Smetana, F. O.

1974-01-01

428

All-optical processing technologies for next generation optical networks.  

E-print Network

??All-optical processing technologies are highly desirable for next generation optical networks because they can resolve the electrical bottleneck issues. All-optical processing technologies span many research… (more)

Wang, Dawei.

2012-01-01

429

The space technology demand on materials and processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space technology requires a rational and accurate policy of materials and processes selection. This paper examines some areas of space technology where materials and process problems have occurred in the past and how they can be solved in the future.

Dauphin, J.

1983-01-01

430

Training and information technology issue, 2005  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the May-June issue is on training and information technology. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Communicating effectively, by Alain Bucaille, AREVA; Reputation management, by Susan Brisset, Bruce Power; Contol room and HSI modernization guidance, by Joseph Naser, EPRI; How far are we from public acceptance, by Jennifer A. Biedscheid and Murthy Devarakonda, Washington TRU Solutions LLC; Spent fuel management options, by Brent W. Dixon and Steven J. Piet, Idaho National Laboratory; Industry Awards; A secure energy future for America, by George W. Bush, President, United States of America; Vision of the future of nuclear energy, by Anne Lauvergeon, AREVA; and, Plant profile: strategy for transition to digital, TXU Power.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2005-05-15

431

75 FR 57521 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-21

432

75 FR 57079 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-17

433

76 FR 77738 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...Guidelines and its Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology covered by Section 508...

2011-12-14

434

75 FR 55616 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-13

435

77 FR 43106 - Tribal Consultation Sessions-Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure Consolidation...tribal input on the 2012 Information Technology transformation realignment proposal as well as on how Information Technology transformation should...

2012-07-23

436

77 FR 6825 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2012-02-09

437

75 FR 55360 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-10

438

76 FR 18800 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-04-05

439

76 FR 64386 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-10-18

440

Revealed Quantum Information in Weak Interaction Processes  

E-print Network

We analyze the achievable limits of the quantum information processing of the weak interaction revealed by hyperons with spin. We find that the weak decay process corresponds to an interferometric device with a fixed visibility and fixed phase difference for each hyperon. Nature chooses rather low visibilities expressing a preference to parity conserving or violating processes (except for the decay $\\Sigma^+\\longrightarrow p \\pi^0$). The decay process can be considered as an open quantum channel that carries the information of the hyperon spin to the angular distribution of the momentum of the daughter particles. We find a simple geometrical information theoretic interpretation of this process: two quantization axes are chosen spontaneously with probabilities $\\frac{1\\pm\\alpha}{2}$ where $\\alpha$ is proportional to the visibility times the real part of the phase shift. Differently stated the weak interaction process corresponds to spin measurements with an imperfect Stern-Gerlach apparatus. Equipped with this...

Hiesmayr, B C

2014-01-01

441

Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) Program Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Program's goal is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communication technologies

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

442

Value Addition in Information Technology and Literacy: An Empirical Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research is to analyze the value addition in students' information communication and technology (ICT) literacy level and confidence in using technology after completing a general education information technology course at a four-year university. An online survey was created to examine students' perceptions. The findings revealed…

Sanghera, Kamaljeet K.

2009-01-01

443

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

2008-09-08

444

Technology & Information Management Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014  

E-print Network

Technology & Information Management Minor Curriculum Chart: 2013-2014 http 11B or 19B TIM 105 Management of Technology I · ISM 50 or perm. of instructor Entry Level Writing Requirement TIM 158 Business Strategy & Information Systems · ISM 105 TIM 125 Management of Technology II

Stuart, Josh

445

Information Technology, Corporate Performance and Firm Size  

Microsoft Academic Search

14. Information Technology, Corporate Performance and Firm Size\\u000a \\u000a Yong Yeop Sohn4  and Hun-Wha Yang5 \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a (4) \\u000a Department of Economics, College of Business Administration, Chonnam National University, 300 Yongbong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju, 500-757, Korea\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a (5) \\u000a Korean Information Management Institute for Small and Medium Enterprises, 6F Hansum Building, 15 Yeouido-dong, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, 150-970, Korea\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Without Abstract\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Yong Yeop Sohn (Professor)Email: yysohn@chonnam.ac.kr\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Hun-Wha Yang (Researcher)Email: hhyang@kimi.or.kr

Yong Yeop Sohn; Hun-Wha Yang

446

Ramp Technology and Intelligent Processing in Small Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To address the issues of excessive inventories and increasing procurement lead times, the Navy is actively pursuing flexible computer integrated manufacturing (FCIM) technologies, integrated by communication networks to respond rapidly to its requirements for parts. The Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts (RAMP) program, initiated in 1986, is an integral part of this effort. The RAMP program's goal is to reduce the current average production lead times experienced by the Navy's inventory control points by a factor of 90 percent. The manufacturing engineering component of the RAMP architecture utilizes an intelligent processing technology built around a knowledge-based shell provided by ICAD, Inc. Rules and data bases in the software simulate an expert manufacturing planner's knowledge of shop processes and equipment. This expert system can use Product Data Exchange using STEP (PDES) data to determine what features the required part has, what material is required to manufacture it, what machines and tools are needed, and how the part should be held (fixtured) for machining, among other factors. The program's rule base then indicates, for example, how to make each feature, in what order to make it, and to which machines on the shop floor the part should be routed for processing. This information becomes part of the shop work order. The process planning function under RAMP greatly reduces the time and effort required to complete a process plan. Since the PDES file that drives the intelligent processing is 100 percent complete and accurate to start with, the potential for costly errors is greatly diminished.

Rentz, Richard E.

1992-01-01

447

Ramp technology and intelligent processing in small manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To address the issues of excessive inventories and increasing procurement lead times, the Navy is actively pursuing flexible computer integrated manufacturing (FCIM) technologies, integrated by communication networks to respond rapidly to its requirements for parts. The Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts (RAMP) program, initiated in 1986, is an integral part of this effort. The RAMP program's goal is to reduce the current average production lead times experienced by the Navy's inventory control points by a factor of 90 percent. The manufacturing engineering component of the RAMP architecture utilizes an intelligent processing technology built around a knowledge-based shell provided by ICAD, Inc. Rules and data bases in the software simulate an expert manufacturing planner's knowledge of shop processes and equipment. This expert system can use Product Data Exchange using STEP (PDES) data to determine what features the required part has, what material is required to manufacture it, what machines and tools are needed, and how the part should be held (fixtured) for machining, among other factors. The program's rule base then indicates, for example, how to make each feature, in what order to make it, and to which machines on the shop floor the part should be routed for processing. This information becomes part of the shop work order. The process planning function under RAMP greatly reduces the time and effort required to complete a process plan. Since the PDES file that drives the intelligent processing is 100 percent complete and accurate to start with, the potential for costly errors is greatly diminished.

Rentz, Richard E.

1992-04-01

448

Occurrence reporting and processing of operations information  

SciTech Connect

DOE O 232.1A, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information, and 10 CFR 830.350, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (when it becomes effective), along with this manual, set forth occurrence reporting requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements and contractors responsible for the management and operation of DOE-owned and -leased facilities. These requirements include categorization of occurrences related to safety, security, environment, health, or operations (``Reportable Occurrences``); DOE notification of these occurrences; and the development and submission of documented follow-up reports. This Manual provides detailed information for categorizing and reporting occurrences at DOE facilities. Information gathered by the Occurrence Reporting and processing System is used for analysis of the Department`s performance in environmental protection, safeguards and security, and safety and health of its workers and the public. This information is also used to develop lessons learned and document events that significantly impact DOE operations.

NONE

1997-07-21

449

The challenge of contracting for technological information  

PubMed Central

Contracting to provide technological information (TI) is a significant challenge. TI is an unusual commodity in five ways. (i) TI is difficult to count and value; conventional indicators, such as patents and citations, hardly indicate value. TI is often sold at different prices to different parties. (ii) To value TI, it may be necessary to “give away the secret.” This danger, despite nondisclosure agreements, inhibits efforts to market TI. (iii) To prove its value, TI is often bundled into complete products, such as a computer chip or pharmaceutical product. Efficient exchange, by contrast, would involve merely the raw information. (iv) Sellers’ superior knowledge about TI’s value make buyers wary of overpaying. (v) Inefficient contracts are often designed to secure rents from TI. For example, licensing agreements charge more than marginal cost. These contracting difficulties affect the way TI is produced, encouraging self-reliance. This should be an advantage to large firms. However, small research and development firms spend more per employee than large firms, and nonprofit universities are major producers. Networks of organizational relationships, particularly between universities and industry, are critical in transmitting TI. Implicit barter—money for guidance—is common. Property rights for TI are hard to establish. Patents, quite suitable for better mousetraps, are inadequate for an era when we design better mice. Much TI is not patented, and what is patented sets fuzzy demarcations. New organizational forms are a promising approach to contracting difficulties for TI. Webs of relationships, formal and informal, involving universities, start-up firms, corporate giants, and venture capitalists play a major role in facilitating the production and spread of TI. PMID:8917488

Zeckhauser, Richard

1996-01-01

450

The challenge of contracting for technological information.  

PubMed

Contracting to provide technological information (TI) is a significant challenge. TI is an unusual commodity in five ways. (i) TI is difficult to count and value; conventional indicators, such as patients and citations, hardly indicate value. TI is often sold at different prices to different parties. (ii) To value TI, it may be necessary to "give away the secret." This danger, despite nondisclosure agreements, inhibits efforts to market TI. (iii) To prove its value, TI is often bundled into complete products, such as a computer chip or pharmaceutical product. Efficient exchange, by contrast, would involve merely the raw information. (iv) Sellers' superior knowledge about TI's value make buyers wary of overpaying. (v) Inefficient contracts are often designed to secure rents from TI. For example, licensing agreements charge more than marginal cost. These contracting difficulties affect the way TI is produced, encouraging self-reliance. This should be an advantage to large firms. However, small research and development firms spend more per employee than large firms, and nonprofit universities are major producers. Networks of organizational relationships, particularly between universities and industry, are critical in transmitting TI. Implicit barter-money for guidance-is common. Property rights for TI are hard to establish. Patents, quite suitable for better mousetraps, are inadequate for an era when we design better mice. Much TI is not patented, and what is patented sets fuzzy demarcations. New organizational forms are a promising approach to contracting difficulties for TI. Webs of relationships, formal and informal, involving universities, start-up firms, corporate giants, and venture capitalists play a major role in facilitating the production and spread of TI. PMID:8917488

Zeckhauser, R

1996-11-12

451

Information processing using a single dynamical node as complex system.  

PubMed

Novel methods for information processing are highly desired in our information-driven society. Inspired by the brain's ability to process information, the recently introduced paradigm known as 'reservoir computing' shows that complex networks can efficiently perform computation. Here we introduce a novel architecture that reduces the usually required large number of elements to a single nonlinear node with delayed feedback. Through an electronic implementation, we experimentally and numerically demonstrate excellent performance in a speech recognition benchmark. Complementary numerical studies also show excellent performance for a time series prediction benchmark. These results prove that delay-dynamical systems, even in their simplest manifestation, can perform efficient information processing. This finding paves the way to feasible and resource-efficient technological implementations of reservoir computing. PMID:21915110

Appeltant, L; Soriano, M C; Van der Sande, G; Danckaert, J; Massar, S; Dambre, J; Schrauwen, B; Mirasso, C R; Fischer, I

2011-01-01

452

Information processing using a single dynamical node as complex system  

PubMed Central

Novel methods for information processing are highly desired in our information-driven society. Inspired by the brain's ability to process information, the recently introduced paradigm known as 'reservoir computing' shows that complex networks can efficiently perform computation. Here we introduce a novel architecture that reduces the usually required large number of elements to a single nonlinear node with delayed feedback. Through an electronic implementation, we experimentally and numerically demonstrate excellent performance in a speech recognition benchmark. Complementary numerical studies also show excellent performance for a time series prediction benchmark. These results prove that delay-dynamical systems, even in their simplest manifestation, can perform efficient information processing. This finding paves the way to feasible and resource-efficient technological implementations of reservoir computing. PMID:21915110

Appeltant, L.; Soriano, M.C.; Van der Sande, G.; Danckaert, J.; Massar, S.; Dambre, J.; Schrauwen, B.; Mirasso, C.R.; Fischer, I.

2011-01-01

453

Advancing Information and Communication Technology Knowledge for Undergraduate Nursing Students  

PubMed Central

Nursing is a dynamic profession; for registered nurses their role is increasingly requiring greater information process understanding and the effective management of information to ensure high quality safe patient care. This paper outlines the design and implementation of Systems of eCare. This is a course which advances information and communication technology knowledge for undergraduate nursing students within a Faculty of Health and Wellbeing appropriately preparing nurses for their professional careers. Systems of eCare entwines throughout the three year programme mapping to the curriculum giving meaning to learning for the student. In conclusion comments from students convey their appreciation of the provision of this element of the undergraduate programme. PMID:24199114

Procter, Paula M

2012-01-01

454

Transforming Health Care through Information Technology. Report to the President.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one in a series of reports to the President and Congress developed by the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) on key contemporary issues in information technology. This report argues that significant improvements in health care would be possible if modern clinical information systems were widely implemented and a…

Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC.

455

UMBC OTD Technology Transfer Process 2010 OTD will review the technology  

E-print Network

UMBC OTD Technology Transfer Process 2010 IDF OTD will review the technology and interview licensees Technology LICENSED before provisional application expires COMMERCIALIZATION REVENUE DISTRIBUTION before expiration date of provisional application] DO NOT FILEFile utility patent application Inactivate

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

456

Technology Demonstration Summary Site Program Demonstration Test Soliditech Inc Solidification-stabilization Process  

EPA Science Inventory

The major objective of the Soliditech, Inc., SITE demonstration was to develop reliable performance and cost information about the Soliditech solidification, stabilization technology. The Soliditech process mixes hazardous waste materials with Portland cement or pozzolanic m...

457

Hydrogen Technology Validation as a "Learning Demonstration" that Feeds the R&D Process (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation, which provides information about how hydrogen technology validation is used as a learning demonstration that feeds the research and development process, was given at a National Hydrogen Association meeting in April 2004.

Wipke, K.; Gronich, S.; Hooker, D.

2004-04-01

458

Gordon Research Conference on Holography and Optical Information Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1991 Gordon Research Conference on Holography and Optical Information Processing was held on 17-21 June, 1991 at Plymouth State College in Plymouth, NH. The talks on Ultrafast Optical Logic Using Solitons and Optical Processing with Planar Optics pointed out the significant progress being made by various Bell Labs investigators on various aspects of optical computing. Professor Sing Lee from the University of California-San Diego gave an excellent overview of some engineering and performance Issues in optoelectronic computing. It is clear that the Soviets have made considerable progress on multi transducer acousto-optic spectrum analyzers. It is also clear that the Japanese government is planning to continue to make optical computing one of its high priority areas, with its NIPT (New Information Processing Technology project), and are projected to continue to investigate so called sixth generation computer technologies.

Walkup, John F.

1991-09-01

459

2011-2012 Annual Report 1Information Technology As our fifth Annual Report exemplifies, information technology continues to play  

E-print Network

leadership in high performance computing is not just about making the latest technology available to our#12;2011-2012 Annual Report 1Information Technology As our fifth Annual Report exemplifies, information technology continues to play an important role in advancing the University's strategic priorities

Portman, Douglas

460

Recruitment processesRecruitment processes French National Scientific and Technological ResearchFrench National Scientific and Technological Research  

E-print Network

researcher :: Job openings in December Recruitment based on a scientific program Application review (INRARecruitment processesRecruitment processes inin French National Scientific and Technological competitive entry processPermanent : national competitive entry process -- Temporary : direct recruitment

Canet, LĂ©onie

461

1 ACIT Meeting Notes Advisory Committee for Information Technology  

E-print Network

1 ACIT Meeting Notes Advisory Committee for Information Technology Meeting Notes MEETING DATE: 11. There was less emphasis on technology and more on communication and governance structure. Mary will respond

California at Santa Cruz, University of

462

Industrial and agricultural process heat information user study  

SciTech Connect

The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar industrial and agricultural process heat (IAPH) are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 10 IAPH groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: IPH Researchers; APH Researchers; Representatives of Manufacturers of Concentrating and Nonconcentrating Collectors; Plant, Industrial, and Agricultural Engineers; Educators; Representatives of State Agricultural Offices; and County Extension Agents.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01

463

On digital image processing technology and application in geometric measure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Digital image processing technique is an emerging science that emerging with the development of semiconductor integrated circuit technology and computer science technology since the 1960s.The article introduces the digital image processing technique and principle during measuring compared with the traditional optical measurement method. It takes geometric measure as an example and introduced the development tendency of digital image processing technology from the perspective of technology application.

Yuan, Jiugen; Xing, Ruonan; Liao, Na

2014-04-01

464

From Information Technology to Informatics: The Information Revolution in Dental Education  

PubMed Central

The capabilities of information technology (IT) have advanced precipitously in the last fifty years. Many of these advances have enabled new and beneficial applications of IT in dental education. However, conceptually, IT use in dental schools is only in its infancy. Challenges and opportunities abound for improving how we support clinical care, education, and research with IT. In clinical care, we need to move electronic dental records beyond replicating paper, connect information on oral health to that on systemic health, facilitate collaborative care through teledentistry, and help clinicians apply evidence-based dentistry and preventive management strategies. With respect to education, we should adopt an evidence-based approach to IT use for teaching and learning, share effective educational content and methods, leverage technology-mediated changes in the balance of power between faculty and students, improve technology support for clinical teaching, and build an information infrastructure centered on learners and organizations. In research, opportunities include reusing clinical care data for research studies, helping advance computational methods for research, applying generalizable research tools in dentistry, and reusing research data and scientific workflows. In the process, we transition from a focus on IT—the mere technical aspects of applying computer technology—to one on informatics: the what, how, and why of managing information. PMID:22262557

Schleyer, Titus K.; Thyvalikakath, Thankam P.; Spallek, Heiko; Dziabiak, Michael P.; Johnson, Lynn A.

2014-01-01

465

77 FR 36916 - Pilot Program for the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...under the Pilot. This program is referred to as the Information Technology Exchange Program (ITEP) pilot. (b...must meet the strategic program goals of the DoD Components...processing unit of a computer, software, firmware and...

2012-06-20

466

Information Technology Architectures. New Opportunities for Partnering, CAUSE94. Track VI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers are presented from the 1994 CAUSE conference track on information technology architectures as applied to higher education institutions. The papers include: (1) "Reshaping the Enterprise: Building the Next Generation of Information Systems Through Information Architecture and Processing Reengineering," which notes developments at the…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

467

Journal of American Science on Information and Technology On using genetic algorithms for multimodal  

E-print Network

Journal of American Science on Information and Technology On using genetic algorithms ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Abstract This paper presents a genetic relevance optimisation process performed in an information retrieval : Information retrieval , multiple query evaluation, genetic algorithm, niching hal-00359529,version1-8Feb2009

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

468

Medical Information & Technology: Rapidly Expanding Vast Horizons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During ŃMedical Council Of India?, Platinum Jubilee Year (1933-2008) Celebrations, In Year 2008, Several Scientific Meeting/Seminar/Symposium, On Various Topics Of Contemporary Importance And Relevance In The Field Of ŃMedical Education And Ethics?, Were Organized, By Different Medical Colleges At Various Local, State, National Levels. The Present Discussion, Is An Comprehensive Summary Of Various Different Aspects of ěMedical Information Communication Technologyî, Especially UseFul For The Audience Stratum Group Of Those Amateur Medical & Paramedical Staff, With No Previous Work Experience Knowledge Of Computronics Applications. Outlining The, i.Administration Applications: Medical Records Etc, ii. Clinical Applications: Pros pective Scope Of TeleMedicine Applicabilities Etc iii. Other Applications: Efforts To Augment Improvement Of Medical Education, Medical Presentations, Medical Education And Research Etc. ŃMedical Trancription? & Related Recent Study Fields e.g ŃModern Pharmaceuticals?,ŃBio-Engineering?, ŃBio-Mechanics?, ŃBio-Technology? Etc., Along With Important Aspects Of Computers-General Considerations, Computer Ergonomics Assembled To Summarize, The AwareNess Regarding Basic Fundamentals Of Medical Computronics & Its Practically SuccessFul Utilities.

Sahni, Anil K.

2012-12-01

469

Developments of laser processing technologies in the Japanese MITI project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 'Advanced Photon Processing and Measurement Technologies' project was started in August 1997 as part of the Industrial Science and Technology Frontier Program of the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry in Japan. Thirteen private companies, one university, and four national research institutes are developing new technologies using high-quality photon beams, in the

Takehito Yoshida; Toshio Sato; Yoshiaki Yoshida; Ken-ichi Matsuno

2000-01-01

470

The Impact of Semantic Web Technologies on Job Recruitment Processes  

E-print Network

The Impact of Semantic Web Technologies on Job Recruitment Processes Christian Bizer Free Web Technologies in the domain of online recruitment could substantially increase market transparency. In this paper, we describe how online recruitment processes can be streamlined using Semantic Web technologies

Freytag, Johann-Christoph

471

TECHNOLOGY SUMMARY ADVANCING TANK WASTE RETRIEVAL AND PROCESSING  

SciTech Connect

This technology overview provides a high-level summary of technologies being investigated and developed by Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to advance Hanford Site tank waste retrieval and processing. Technology solutions are outlined, along with processes and priorities for selecting and developing them.

SAMS TL; MENDOZA RE

2010-08-11

472

TECHNOLOGY SUMMARY ADVANCING TANK WASTE RETREIVAL AND PROCESSING  

SciTech Connect

This technology overview provides a high-level summary of technologies being investigated and developed by Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) to advance Hanford Site tank waste retrieval and processing. Technology solutions are outlined, along with processes and priorities for selecting and developing them.

SAMS TL

2010-07-07

473

Autistic Information Processing Steps toward a generative theory of information-processing abnormalities.  

E-print Network

Autistic Information Processing Steps toward a generative theory of information: 2 Jan 2014 "Are Prodigies Autistic?" by Scott Barry Kaufman Some references (incomplete) 1 #12 spectrum disorders are to be explained by absence of "theory of mind" capabilities, the ability

Sloman, Aaron

474

Electronic Discovery and the Adoption of Information Technology  

E-print Network

After firms adopt electronic information and communication technologies, their decision-making leaves a trail of electronic information that may be more extensive and accessible than a paper trail. We ask how the expected ...

Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth

475

Information Technologies as Vehicles of Evolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology contributes to the growth of human knowledge in five distinct, though overlapping, ways: (1) all technologies are material embodiments and thus more or less durable records of ideas that have survived some test with external reality; (2) telescopes, microscopes, and similar technologies extend external experience and knowledge to areas…

Levinson, Paul

476

Information Processing Structure of Quantum Gravity  

E-print Network

The theory of quantum gravity is aimed to fuse general relativity with quantum theory into a more fundamental framework. The space of quantum gravity provides both the non-fixed causality of general relativity and the quantum uncertainty of quantum mechanics. In a quantum gravity scenario, the causal structure is indefinite and the processes are causally non-separable. In this work, we provide a model for the information processing structure of quantum gravity. We show that the quantum gravity environment is an information resource-pool from which valuable information can be extracted. We analyze the structure of the quantum gravity space and the entanglement of the space-time geometry. We study the information transfer capabilities of quantum gravity space and define the quantum gravity channel. We reveal that the quantum gravity space acts as a background noise on the local environment states. We characterize the properties of the noise of the quantum gravity space and show that it allows the separate local parties to simulate remote outputs from the local environment state, through the process of remote simulation. We characterize the information transfer of the gravity space and the correlation measure functions of the gravity channel. We investigate the process of stimulated storage for quantum gravity memories, a phenomenon that exploits the information resource-pool property of quantum gravity. The results confirm the perception that the benefits of the quantum gravity space can be exploited in quantum computations, particularly in the development of quantum computers.

Laszlo Gyongyosi

2014-01-26

477

Information Technology for Health Care in Mozambique  

E-print Network

setting for the implementation and introduction of health information systems. With its brutal, colonial is, by furthering more effective health information management, to encourage more decentralized

Monteiro, Eric

478

The influence of information technology on patient-physician relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpersonal relationships and information are intertwined as essential cornerstones of health care. Although information\\u000a technology (IT) has done much to advance medicine, we are not even close to realizing its full potential. Indeed, issues related\\u000a to mismanaging health information often undermine relationship-centered care. Information technology must be implemented in\\u000a ways that preserve and uplift relationships in care, while accommodating major

Michael Weiner; Paul Biondich

2006-01-01

479

Integrated study of sustainability technological-economic in manufacturing processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays, some of the key aspects to consider during a manufacturing process are the ones related to its energy study. Choosing the most appropriate process allows to optimize not only technological and economic, but also it influence in sustainability and suitability of the process. In the current work a comparative technological-economic analysis between forming processes and machining processes is developed. We can find that drawing (forming process) has more advantages in most cases.

Peinado, B.; Sevilla, L.; Sebastián, M. A.

2012-04-01

480

Decision Gate Process for Assessment of a Technology Development Portfolio  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Dust Management Project (DMP) was established to provide technologies (to TRL 6 development level) required to address adverse effects of lunar dust to humans and to exploration systems and equipment, which will reduce life cycle cost and risk, and will increase the probability of sustainable and successful lunar missions. The technology portfolio of DMP consisted of different categories of technologies whose final product is either a technology solution in itself, or one that contributes toward a dust mitigation strategy for a particular application. A Decision Gate Process (DGP) was developed to assess and validate the achievement and priority of the dust mitigation technologies as the technologies progress through the development cycle. The DGP was part of continuous technology assessment and was a critical element of DMP risk management. At the core of the process were technology-specific criteria developed to measure the success of each DMP technology in attaining the technology readiness levels assigned to each decision gate. The DGP accounts for both categories of technologies and qualifies the technology progression from technology development tasks to application areas. The process provided opportunities to validate performance, as well as to identify non-performance in time to adjust resources and direction. This paper describes the overall philosophy of the DGP and the methodology for implementation for DMP, and describes the method for defining the technology evaluation criteria. The process is illustrated by example of an application to a specific DMP technology.

Kohli, Rajiv; Fishman, Julianna; Hyatt, Mark

2012-01-01

481

Revealed Quantum Information in Weak Interaction Processes  

E-print Network

We analyze the achievable limits of the quantum information processing of the weak interaction revealed by hyperons with spin. We find that the weak decay process corresponds to an interferometric device with a fixed visibility and fixed phase difference for each hyperon. Nature chooses rather low visibilities expressing a preference to parity conserving or violating processes (except for the decay $\\Sigma^+\\longrightarrow p \\pi^0$). The decay process can be considered as an open quantum channel that carries the information of the hyperon spin to the angular distribution of the momentum of the daughter particles. We find a simple geometrical information theoretic interpretation of this process: two quantization axes are chosen spontaneously with probabilities $\\frac{1\\pm\\alpha}{2}$ where $\\alpha$ is proportional to the visibility times the real part of the phase shift. Differently stated the weak interaction process corresponds to spin measurements with an imperfect Stern-Gerlach apparatus. Equipped with this information theoretic insight we show how entanglement can be measured in these systems and why Bell's nonlocality (in contradiction to common misconception in literature) cannot be revealed in hyperon decays. We study also under which circumstances non-contextuality can be revealed.

B. C. Hiesmayr

2014-10-07

482

An Integrated Approach to Information Technology in Schools--Bradford City Technology College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The City Technology Colleges in Great Britain were developed to teach science and information technology to students from 11 to 18 years of age. The approach adopted at the Bradford City Technology College, which was to open in September 1990, is one in which emphasis is given to combining established technologies with a new educational context.…

Gomersall, I. R.

483

Religious Education and Information Technology: Challenges and Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With advances in information technology, the velocity of information production on the global level has expanded as well. This acceleration has led to the delegitimizing of knowledge, the equating of information with knowledge, and the giving of predominance to information rather than knowledge. This advance has created epistemological challenges…

Sajjadi, Seyed Mahdi

2008-01-01

484

New disruptive technologies: the information professional’s role  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is noted how the traditional role of the information professional has been changed by the responsibility for assessing and introducing the wide range of new information technologies (IT). In addition to considering the content and value to the organization of new information resources, information professionals must also consider the readiness of the organization to accept their introduction and the

Susan Hallam

2001-01-01

485

Information and communication technologies in support of sustainable human development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have the potential for addressing many of the informational needs of human beings. Information is knowledge and knowledge creates power. Knowledge propels and sustains human development and can promote a healthy, growing equitable economy -- an economy where the benefits and opportunities are shared equitably among women, minorities, poor, immigrants and the handicapped. Information communication

El-Tayeb Amna Musa

1999-01-01

486

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review contains eight papers on topics within the field of information science and technology. The papers are divided into three sections as follows: (1) Planning Information Systems and Services, including "Information Ownership and Control" (Tomas A. Lipinski); and "Pricing and Marketing Online Information Services" (Sheila Anne Elizabeth…

Williams, Martha E., Ed.

1999-01-01

487

[Health Information Technology -where are we heading?].  

PubMed

The current issue of "Harefuah" dedicates a special corner to Health Information Technology (HIT), with a collection of five review papers discussing different areas of the field, focusing on its benefits to the quality of healthcare. In the first paper Topaz and Ash describe the United States MeaningfuL Use project, and list the lessons that the Israeli health system should learn from it. Zelingher and Ash analyze the decision of the Israeli Ministry of Health to move from the old coding system of ICD-9-CM to a combination of SNOMED-CT as a clinical terminology system and ICD-10-CM as the classification coding system. The authors conclude that achieving a standardized, homogenous and thorough coding of problems, diagnoses and procedures will enable interoperability in the Israeli health system. Shalom et al present us to the world of computerized clinical guidelines. They review the different projects that aim to bring tools and methods to transform the paper based guidelines to computer programs that support the everyday decisions that physicians take regarding their patients. The authors focus on their experience in developing methodology, tools and a library of computerized guidelines, and describe their evaluation in several projects. Shahar et al dive deeper to describe the challenge of representing time in cLinicaL guidelines and creating tools to discover new knowledge based on represented known knowledge. These two papers demonstrate the meaningful use of medicaL data. In the last article, Siegal addresses some legal concerns evolving from the HIT revolution, pointing to the emerging concepts in Israeli jurisprudence, which regards medical IT as an important contribution to patient empowerment, aspects of medical risk management and management of national health system resources. In the judgment of the Israeli court, a medical organization will possibly have to take the responsibiLity of not implementing a proven HIT system. This paper concludes with descriptions of two studies evaluating health information systems in Israel. These studies will be presented at the forthcoming conference of the IsraeLi Association of Medical Informatics (ILAMI). PMID:23885446

Ash, Nachman; Levy, Ilan

2013-05-01

488

Information processing in man-machine systems  

SciTech Connect

The human decision maker in an organization can be treated as an adaptive information channel (i.e. a channel with non-constant processing times), especially in high data rate environments such as C/sup 3/ systems. This paper develops a framework for treating information transmission through such adaptive channels and presents some basic results. A model of a human decision maker in an organization is also developed within this framework.

Sen, P.; Drenick, R.F.

1980-01-01

489

Ca+ quantum bits for quantum information processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With trapped ions quantum information can be encoded in various two-level systems or quantum bits (qubits). Here, we present an overview on qubit encoding with Ca+ and several state-of-the-art operations involving two and three qubits. The use of decoherence-free subspaces and encoding logical qubits using two physical qubits may offer an advantageous route towards implementing scalable quantum information processing.

Benhelm, J.; Kirchmair, G.; Gerritsma, R.; Zähringer, F.; Monz, T.; Schindler, P.; Chwalla, M.; Hänsel, W.; Hennrich, M.; Roos, C. F.; Blatt, R.

2009-12-01

490

Fiscal years 1994--1998 Information Technology Strategic Plan. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

A team of senior managers from across the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), working with the Office of Information Resources Management (IRM), has completed an NRC Strategic Information Technology (IT) Plan. The Plan addresses three major areas: (1) IT Program Management, (2) IT Infrastructure, and (3) Information and Applications Management. Key recommendations call for accelerating the replacement of Agency workstations, implementing a new document management system, applying business process reengineering to selected Agency work processes, and establishing an Information Technology Council to advise the Director of IRM.

Not Available

1993-11-01

491

How to use information technology to improve medication safety.  

PubMed

The publication of a memorandum on improving medication safety by information technology in both the German journal GMS Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology (MIBE) and the journal Methods of Information in Medicine (MIM) gives reason to strengthen cooperation of MIBE and MIM and to report on more publications of MIBE here. The publications in focus deal with simulation-based optimization of emergency processes, handling of research data in publications, open access to research metadata, reliability of digital patient records in medical research, assessment methods for physical activity, using of insurance databases for epidemiological studies, certificates for epidemiological professionals, regression models, computer based training, and performance management in Swiss hospitals. Finally determining factors for scientific careers are discussed. PMID:25308917

Winter, A; Hilgers, R-D; Hofestädt, R; Knaup-Gregori, P; Ose, C; Timmer, A

2014-10-13

492

The role of customer experience in technology strategy : implications for product adoption in information technology  

E-print Network

This research identifies and describes the impact of customer experience on the adoption of information technology products. The research findings are applied to the business case of a global technology firm entering into ...

Vernon, Mona Masghati

2011-01-01

493

Plan for advanced microelectronics processing technology application  

SciTech Connect

The ultimate objective of the tasks described in the research agreement was to identify resources primarily, but not exclusively, within New York State that are available for the development of a Center for Advanced Microelectronics Processing (CAMP). Identification of those resources would enable Brookhaven National Laboratory to prepare a program plan for the CAMP. In order to achieve the stated goal, the principal investigators undertook to meet the key personnel in relevant NYS industrial and academic organizations to discuss the potential for economic development that could accompany such a Center and to gauge the extent of participation that could be expected from each interested party. Integrated of these discussions was to be achieved through a workshop convened in the summer of 1990. The culmination of this workshop was to be a report (the final report) outlining a plan for implementing a Center in the state. As events unfolded, it became possible to identify the elements of a major center for x-ray lithography on Lone Island at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The principal investigators were than advised to substitute a working document based upon that concept in place of a report based upon the more general CAMP workshop originally envisioned. Following that suggestion from the New York State Science and Technology Foundation, the principals established a working group consisting of representatives of the Grumman Corporation, Columbia University, the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and Brookhaven National Laboratory. Regular meetings and additional communications between these collaborators have produced a preproposal that constitutes the main body of the final report required by the contract. Other components of this final report include the interim report and a brief description of the activities which followed the establishment of the X-ray Lithography Center working group.

Goland, A.N.

1990-10-01

494

Battery recycling technology and collection processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the environmental, legislative, technical, and economic factors affecting the use and disposal of batteries, an overview of various battery technologies, their applications and annual production volumes establishes the scope of their impact an the environment. Legislative reaction and technological solutions to the potentially harmful environmental and human health effects resulting from battery disposal are examined. Consideration of

George L. Yender

1998-01-01

495

A Technology Approach to Improving Process Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is impossible to ignore how technology is infiltrating education. Interactive projectors and other technologies give teachers and students the opportunity to bring lessons to life. Some districts are replacing textbooks with digital content, allowing students to interact with content in new ways. Galion City School District in Galion, Ohio, is…

Dray, Lori; Strasburger, Tom

2013-01-01

496

Information and Communication Technology Use and Economic Growth  

PubMed Central

In recent years, progress in information and communication technology (ICT) has caused many structural changes such as reorganizing of economics, globalization, and trade extension, which leads to capital flows and enhancing information availability. Moreover, ICT plays a significant role in development of each economic sector, especially during liberalization process. Growth economists predict that economic growth is driven by investments in ICT. However, empirical studies on this issue have produced mixed results, regarding to different research methodology and geographical configuration of the study. This paper examines the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) use on economic growth using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimator within the framework of a dynamic panel data approach and applies it to 159 countries over the period 2000 to 2009. The results indicate that there is a positive relationship between growth rate of real GDP per capita and ICT use index (as measured by the number of internet users, fixed broadband internet subscribers and the number of mobile subscription per 100 inhabitants). We also find that the effect of ICT use on economic growth is higher in high income group rather than other groups. This implies that if these countries seek to enhance their economic growth, they need to implement specific policies that facilitate ICT use. PMID:23152817

Farhadi, Maryam; Ismail, Rahmah; Fooladi, Masood

2012-01-01

497

Optical memory disks in optical information processing.  

PubMed

We describe the use of optical memory disks as elements in optical information processing architectures. The optical disk is an optical memory device with a storage capacity approaching 10(10) bits which is naturally suited to parallel access. We discuss optical disk characteristics which are important in optical computing systems such as contrast, diffraction efficiency, and phase uniformity. We describe techniques for holographic storage on optical disks and present reconstructions of several types of computer-generated holograms. Various optical information processing architectures are described for applications such as database retrieval, neural network implementation, and image correlation. Selected systems are experimentally demonstrated. PMID:20563132

Psaltis, D; Neifeld, M A; Yamamura, A; Kobayashi, S

1990-05-10

498

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2012-10-01

499

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2011-10-01

500

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2013-10-01